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Sexually transmitted diseases and avenues for education: community perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica [Power Point]

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Material Information

Title:
Sexually transmitted diseases and avenues for education: community perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Power Point
Translated Title:
Las enfermedades de transmisión sexual y las vías para la educación: perspectivas desde la comunidad de Monteverde, Costa Rica Power Point ( )
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Calderon, Cristina
Publication Date:
Frequency:
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Sexually transmitted diseases--Prevention--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Public health--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Focus groups
Community Health 2003
Sexually transmitted diseases--Education--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Health care services
Tourism--Impact
Sex education--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Genre:
Books/Reports/Directories
Books/Reports/Directories

Notes

Summary:
A Power Point summarizing the attitudes, perceptions and beliefs of sexually transmitted diseases; how these diseases are transmitted and prevented; community awareness of high risk groups; and the more effective way of disseminating educational material about them.
Summary:
Un power point que resume las actitudes, percepciones y creencias de las enfermedades de transmisión sexual, cómo se transmiten y evitan estas enfermedades; la conciencia de la comunidad de los grupos de alto riesgo, y la manera más eficaz de difusión de material educativo acerca de ellos.
Language:
EN

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - M38-00043
usfldc handle - m38.43
System ID:
SFS0000237:00001


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Full Text

PAGE 1

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Avenues for Education : Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Cristina Calderon, Andrea Friedus, Kelly Gillin, James Schwar, Claudia Weiner

PAGE 2

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Focus Group Participant

PAGE 3

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Introduction Monteverde area residents identified Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) as a potential health threat in the region Reasons : Globalization, rapid development and changing social dynamics Scarcity of STDs and HIV/AIDS research in the area This pilot study examined perceptions among Costa Rican males and females 18 years or more living in the region

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Goals Assess local attitudes, perceptions, beliefs regarding STDs and HIV/AIDS Evaluate community knowledge of routes of transmission, symptoms, and prevention of STDs and HIV/AIDS Assess awareness of groups

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Goals (cont.) Identify current sources of STDs and HIV/AIDS information and perceptions of their efficacy Identify most effective avenues for health information dissemination Present findings to community for development of new health strategies and educational programs

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Methods Exploratory Pilot Study Community Participation Approach Community members identified the problem and requested the study Extensive use of key community informants for contextual data, instrument development, participant recruitment, and focus group facilitation Mixed Methodology Quantitative instrument for socio demographic information 4 focus groups divided by gender with male/female facilitators accordingly Focus groups : 4 8 people 18 years or more who live in the area Participants recruited through referrals from community members and one on one outreach

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Methods (cont.) Only perceptions, not individual behaviors, were sought Audi taped and written records of group discussions Qualitative data analysis through identification of common themes and patterns

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Data Collection Contextual Data Semi structured and informal interviews with key informants, community leaders, and local health officials Focus Group Data Administered quantitative instrument : age, gender, civil status, educational level, occupation, and *religion* (optional) Facilitated group discussion around selected themes

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Participant Characteristics Total of 21 focus group participants : 13 women and 8 men Median age of participants : 30 years old ; 38 years for the females and 21 years for the males Greater number of divorced and single participants (both genders) than married individuals and those with partners More than half of all respondents had at least one child 9 of the 21 individuals lived in the area for 2 decades or more Majority had either primary or secondary level educations, six with university educations 17 of 21 participants had some organized religious affiliation, more than half Roman Catholic

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Qualitative Results Four Main Themes Identified Knowledge about STDs and HIV/AIDS and Misconceptions Use and Effectiveness of Condoms Abstinence Availability of information and additional suggestions

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Results (cont.) Good overall knowledge about: Sexual transmission, use of drugs and infected needles No cure for AIDS AIDS treatment Some people who have AIDS appear healthy Some people can live many years without showing symptoms Everyone is at risk

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Results (cont.) A Few Misconceptions There is no difference between HIV and AIDS It can be transmitted via cavities and saliva Using 2 or 3 condoms (at a time) protects better Condoms are not effective for the prevention of HIV/AIDS When a pregnant woman has HIV or AIDS, the child (fetus) automatically is going to have it

PAGE 13

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Results (cont.) Use and Effectiveness of Condoms Women : cond n no es seguro (The condom is not effective) Men : casi 100 % seguro almost 100 % safe) Women : creo que ellos no le gustan mucho a usar un (I believe that men like to use condoms very Men : los jvenes lo utlizan ms para evitar embarazos (Yes, young people use them more to prevent pregnancy)

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Results (cont.) Good overall knowledge of abstinence Cross gender agreement that it is unattainable

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Results (cont.) Obstacles to HIV Prevention for Women Difficulty negotiating condom use with partners Difficult to speak with their children about HIV/AIDS Obstacles for both Women and Men Condoms used mainly for family planning More difficult to use condoms if using other forms of birth control

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Results (cont.) Women (A woman is able to faithful, but a man no, a man is never faithful.) Men do) (Only God is faithful.)

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Results (cont.) Availability of Information / Additional Suggestions Clinic Identified as Main Source of Information Women: Information should be available in the clinic and that men also would receive it there, because they have to go when they are sick. Men : la cl nica, pero los charlas tienen que ser informales y divertidas, para que la gente no se aburra (In the clinic, but the chats need to be informal and fun, so that people are not bored)

PAGE 18

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Results (cont.) Additional Themes Tourism Identified as a Contributor Machismo Identified as Contributing Factor Women : mucho machismo est no se me pega (There is a lot of machismo men think it [unprotected sex with other women] infect them)

PAGE 19

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Routes and Types of Education: Suggestions from the Community Most Effective Avenues for Information For Women Charlas : at home, the clinic, and in the schools for the whole family For Men Bars, tourist locations, video charlas, Canopy Tour radio station, and churches For Young People Charlas in the schools (escuela and colegio), and their parents

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Suggestions from the Community More about Charlas Men : la clnica, pero los charlas tienen que ser informales y divertido, para que la gente no se aburra (In the clinic, but the chats need to be informal and fun, so that people are not bored)

PAGE 21

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Recommendations & Future Research Replicate this pilot study with young people Help local professionals develop informal chats (charlas) targeting young people and adults Follow up studies to assess the effectiveness of newly implemented educational programs Investigate potential for dispensing free condoms Study impact of tourism on spread of STDs & HIV/AIDS

PAGE 22

Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Routes of Prevention Information Community Perspectives from Monteverde, Costa Rica Focus Group Participant


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A Power Point summarizing the attitudes, perceptions and beliefs of sexually transmitted diseases; how these diseases are transmitted and prevented; community awareness of high risk groups; and the more effective way of disseminating educational material about them.
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Public health--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Focus groups
Community Health 2003
Sexually transmitted diseases--Education--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Health care services
Tourism--Impact
Sex education--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
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