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An analysis of occupational hazards for agricultural workers in the Monteverde Zone [PowerPoint]

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Material Information

Title:
An analysis of occupational hazards for agricultural workers in the Monteverde Zone PowerPoint
Translated Title:
Un análisis de los riesgos ocupacionales a los trabajadores agrícolas en la zona de Monteverde PowerPoint ( )
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Antony, Ashley
Publication Date:
Frequency:
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Trabajadores agrícolas--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Zona de Monteverde
Occupational health
Workplace hazards
Community Health 2004
Genre:
Books/Reports/Directories
Books/Reports/Directories

Notes

Summary:
Un estudio sobre los riesgos laborales para los trabajadores agrícolas en la Zona de Monteverde.
Summary:
A study on the workplace hazards for agricultural workers in the Monteverde Zone.
Language:
EN

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - M38-00049
usfldc handle - m38.49
System ID:
SFS0000243:00001


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Full Text

PAGE 1

An Analysis of Occupational Hazards for Agricultural Workers in the Monteverde Zone Ashley Antony, Harvard College Meredith Moore, University of South Florida Tonguc Pinar, Harvard Medical School Elizabeth Youngblood, Mt. Holyoke College

PAGE 3

Our Goals: To determine general demographic information of participants To collect an illness/injury recall, an occupational history, and a basic migration history for a two year period To record a typical 24 hour workday period To share a descriptive summary with the community at large and MVI To discuss our research with the community and receive input for future research topics

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Methods: Who? 11 Native and Non native Male Hired Agricultural Workers

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Methods: What? Convenience, cross sectional sample One on one interviews: In homes In social gathering places Oral Consent

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Methods: Icon Calendar

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Methods: Recall

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Methods: Daily Schedule

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Based on the Rapid Assessment Protocol Collected information on: Basic demographics Job Training Compensation Work Hazards Methods: Questionnaire

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11 participants All male Over 18 years of age Average age: 35.2 Results: Demographics

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Results: Demographics

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Results: Demographics

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3 single, 8 married or with partner Average of 1.9 children, mode = 1 9 participants have children Of those, 7 live with all of their children Average classroom education: 4.4 yrs. Results: Demographics

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10 injuries/illnesses reported in the same month as major life or job event 8 job events reported in the same month as a major life event Due to: Success of icon calendar as memory anchor? False recall? Results: Icon Calendar

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20 of 27 injuries/illnesses were recorded between March and September Months encompassing the rainy season 7 accounts of gripe between June and September Possible correlation with the rainy season A combined total of 72 days of symptoms Caveat: We are currently in the rainy season Rainy season could be more memorable Results: Icon Calendar

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Results: Icon Calendar

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10 of 11 participants received training 9 reported on site training, typically by father 2 received formal occupational training in courses or workshops Both were native Costa Ricans Results: Job Training

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Average work week: 57 hours Most often, paid every 15 days 9 of 11 are paid in cash, by the hour 7 of 11 receive time off for vacation 9 of 11 have enough time to socialize Results: Compensation

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Goal: prioritize hazards based on 4 categories: No. of participants exposed No. of mentions No. of illnesses/injuries caused to participants Severity of health risk Results: Hazards

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Results: Hazards

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Most often mentioned as concern for participants: Animals, Pesticides, Heavy Lifting Reportedly caused the most illnesses/injuries in recall Heavy Lifting, Pesticides, Machete, Animals Most serious health risks: Pesticides, Machete, Heavy Lifting, Snake Bite, Animals Results: Hazards

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Results: Hazards Community members generally agreed with our consensus list: (in order) Pesticides Machete Heavy Lifting Animals Future targeting for: Research Education Intervention

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Previously tested in Costa Rica Icons were sensitive to limited literacy of our target population Non threatening Allowed for a more comprehensive look at the multifaceted realities faced by agricultural workers Benefits: Instrument

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Psychological discomfort Unwanted attention to marginalized members of society Heightened awareness of hazards without immediate solutions or Risks to Participants:

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Difficulty accessing target group Relatively few workers (crop schedule) Discrimination Inability to secure absolute privacy Researchers felt participants may have been afraid information would reach their employers and other community members Limitations: Access

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Excessive length and physical involvement needed for instrument Limited knowledge for question development Potential inconsistency Calendar requires practice Limitations: Instrument

PAGE 27

Combine interviews with observation A comparison study between the Nicaraguan and Costa Rican agricultural workers Exposure to hazards Compensation Education / Job Training Recommendations:

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But comparison study would require: More time spent in community Establish trust Gain knowledge More time per interview Make appointments Interview after work Many more participants (for stats) Recommendations:

PAGE 29

We would like to thank the following individuals and organizations: Elsa Batres Boni, Yamileth Jimenez, Martn Noghui, Dr. Linda Forst, Dr. Anne Krantz, Dr. Lynn Morgan, Dr. Susan Scrimshaw, Dr. Nadine Peacock, Dr. David Himmelgreen, and Dr. Nancy Romero Daza. Our participants The Monteverde Institute, and especially Humberto Brenes Acknowledgements:

PAGE 30

___. Conflictiva Convivencia. Los Nicaragenses en Costa Rica. Cuaderno de Ciencias Sociales, Vol. 101 1997. ___. Inmigracin laboral nicaragenses en Costa Rica. San Jse: FLACSO Fundacin Friedrich Ebert IIDH Defensora de los Hab itantes, 1999. Astorga, Yamileth ed. International Conferences on Pesticide Use in Developing Countries: Impact on Health and Environment. San Jos. IRET, Universidad Nacional, Costa Rica,1998. Baker, EL et. al. Surveillance in Occupational Illness and Injury: Concepts and Content. American Journal of Public Health. Vol. 79 (suppl):9 11, 1989. Barahona, M. Poblacin, desarrollo y migraciones: cuaderno de docencia para III ciclo. San Jse: Proyecto Estado de la Nac in OIM, FNUAP, 1997. Choi B, Eijkemans G, Tennassee LM. Prioritization of Occupational Sentinel Health Events for Workplace Health and Hazard Sur vei llance: The Pan American Health Organization Experience. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. Vol. 43(2) :147 56, 2001. CODEHUCA. Al sur del Ro San Juan: Diagnstico sobre la situacin de los Derechos Humanos de los inmigrantes nicaragenses en Costa Rica. Costa Rica: CODEHUCA, 1998. Co Cuaderno de CienciasSociales, Vol. 118 Enero 2001. FMAM: Evaluacin en base regional de sustancias txicas persistentes. Ginebra, Suiza: PNUMA, 2000. Kutche, P. Voices of migrants. Rural urban migration in Costa Rica. USA: University Press of Florida, 1994. Maguid, A. Los Esfuerzos de las Poblaciones: Las migraciones en Centroamrica. Proyecto Estado de la Regin: Informe Esta do de la Regin en Desarrollo Humano Sostenible. San Jose, 1999. Morales, A. Los territorios del caujipal: Frontera y sociedad entre Nicaragua y Costa Rica San Jose, Costa Rica: FLACSO, 1997. Morales, A. & C. Castro. Redes Transfronterizas: Sociedad, Empleo y Migracin Entre Nicaragua y Costa Rica San Jse, Costa Rica: FLACSO, 2002. Mullan RJ, Murthy L. Occupational Sentinel Health Events: An Up Dated List for Physician Recognition and Public Health Surveil lance. American Journal of Industrial Medicine Vol. 19 :775 99, 1991. Protjase de los Pesticidas Gua para los que Manejan Pesticidas. Washington, D.C.: EPA, 1994. Sinz, J. P. P. et al. Encuentros Inciertos: Globalizacin y territorios locales en Centroamrica San Jse, Costa Rica: FLACSO, 2000. Scrimshaw, S. & H. Hurtado. (1988). Procedimientos de asesoria rapida. Para Programas de Nutricin y Atencin Primaria de Sal ud. U.S.: UNU UNICEF UCLA. Stellman J, ed. Encyclopedia of Occupational Health and Safety, Fourth Edition. Selections on livestock rearing and confinem ent : Vol III 70.2 70.23. Venutolo, Patricia Alvarenga. Trabajadores Inmigrantes en la Caficultura. Cuaderno de Ciencias Sociales, Vol. 116 Agosto 2000. Wessling, C. et al. An Icon based Interview for the Assessment of Occupational Pesticide Exposure in a Case Control Study of Ch ildhood Leukemia. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health. 72 78. Jan. 2004. Works Cited:


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Community Health 2004
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