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Las mujeres hablan: VIH/SIDA la educacin desde la perspectiva comunitaria [Power Point]
Women speak: HIV/AIDS education from a community perspective [PowerPoint]
A study that assessed the level of HIV knowledge among women in the Monterverde zone.
Un estudio que evalu el nivel de conocimiento del VIH entre las mujeres en la zona de Monteverde.
HIV/AIDS awareness--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
HIV prevention community planning--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Health education--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Rural women--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Community Health 2004
Rubio, Oriana Ramirez
t Community Health
Women Speak: HIV/AIDS Education from a Community Perspective Public Health Program Monteverde Institute 2004
Primary Researchers Renee B. Cadzow, MA, doctoral student State University of New York at Buffalo, Dept. of Anthropology. Spanish proficiency: Intermediate Leslie Gross, MPH student University of South Florida, Dept. of Public Health; Global Health. Spanish proficiency: Basic Catherine Klein, MA, doctoral student University of South Florida, Dept. of Anthropology. Spanish proficiency: Basic. Oriana Ramirez Rubio, MD Universidad Autonoma de Madrid; Certification in International Cooperation and Health, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain. Spanish proficiency: Native speaker
Faculty Advisors Nancy Romero Daza, PhD, MA David Himmelgreen, PhD, MA Elsa Batres Boni (?)
Community Resource People Maria Elena Corrales, Colegio Santa Elena. Spanish proficiency: Native speaker. Sofia Klempner, MPH Clave Centro Cultural. Spanish proficiency: fluent Guillermo Murillo, Executive Co Director of AGUA PURA and human rights activist Spanish proficiency: Native speaker Noe Vargas, Community member, participated in HIV research with the MVI in 2003. Spanish proficiency: Native speaker
Introduction The theoretical framework of this intervention project is the Community Participation Approach.
Justification for research in Costa Rica The Ministry of Health of Costa Rica recognizes HIV/AIDS as a growing problem in the country According to UNAIDS/WHO, 11,000 (0.6%)? Costa Ricans were living with HIV/AIDS in 2001. In 2003 research conducted by the Monteverde Institute and the University of South Florida indicated the need to develop culturally appropriate HIV awareness and education materials targeted at men, women, and children.
Justification of Sample UNAIDS/WHO (2004) indicates that women are more vulnerable to HIV infection and can be 2.5 times more likely than men to contract HIV/AIDS. there is a need for an intervention that addresses the specific needs of women there are time and money limitations, making the immediate community the most viable study population.
Purpose/Goals To assess level of HIV knowledge among project participants and dispel any misconceptions that might be found To actively involve women from the community in the development of culture appropriate HIV/AIDS educational materials for their peers. This educational material may take the form of posters, t shirts, calendars, pamphlets or any other creative design the participants prefer. To increase knowledge of prevention strategies among women and the community at large.
Methods Type of Study Sample Recruitment Strategy Variables Mechanisms for the intervention Data Analysis
Three Focus Groups Focus Group 1: July 14, 2004 Consent, General Information, Si/No questionnaire, Risk Collage Game, HIV/AIDS talk, Discussion. Focus Group 2: July 17, 2004 Consent, General Information, Si/No questionnaire, HIV/AIDS talk, Discussion, Material Evaluation exercise, Material Discussion, Design discussion. Focus Group 3: July 21, 2004 Consent, General Information, Review of Risk exercise, Discussion, Design Brainstorming, Review and discussion of community presentation.
Site 1: La Casa Club
Risk Collage Game
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Material used to guide HIV/AIDS talk :
Site 2: The Primary School
The researchers preparing for the Poster Evaluation .
Station 1: Poster
Station 2: Poster
Station 3: Poster
Station 4: Poster
Station 5: Pamphlet
Station 6: Pamphlet
During the Poster Evaluation .
The group discussing the posters and pamphlets:
Two Community Presentations The first will be held in the local community where the participants live. It will consist of the educational materials developed during our project, a follow up questionnaire on HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention and a short theatrical presentation from local student HIV/AIDS peer educators. The second presentation will be held at the Monteverde Institute and will include a scientific poster detailing the project objectives, methods and findings. The community guided educational materials created in the project will also be displayed at the second presentation.
Risk/Benefit to Participants Benefits The women will not receive any compensation for their participation in this project. However, they will potentially increase their knowledge about HIV/AIDS and will receive up to date materials about prevention of the disease The study will potentially create an infrastructure for the dissemination of information and materials. Participants might feel empowered by their active participation in creation of materials that will benefit their community Risks There is a slight risk that the women may feel discomfort discussing issues related to sexuality and HIV.
Budget Art supplies (paper, paint, markers, etc.) $00.00 Refreshments for group meetings. $10.00 Printing of final community project $15.00 Total $25.00 Colones
Bibliography Cornwall A, R. Jewkes (1995) What is participatory research? Social Science and Medicine 41:1667 1676 Morgan, L. 1993. Community Participation in Health: The politics of primary care in Costa Rica. Boston: Cambridge University Press. Nichter, M (1999) Project Community Diagnosis: Participatory research as a first step toward community involvement in Primary health care. In R. Hahn (ed.) Anthropology in Public Health: Bridging Differences in Culture and Society Oxford University Press, New York: 300 324. Schwartz NB (1981) Anthropological views of community and community development. Human Organization 40:313 322 Scrimshaw SCM, Hurtado E. Rapid Assessment Procedures for Nutrition and Primary Health Care: Anthropological Approaches to Improving Programme Effectiveness Published jointly by the UCLA Latin American Center, the United Nations University (Tokyo) and UNICEF. 1987. Spradley, James P. The Ethnographic Interview Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers. 1979. pp. 45 68, 78 91. Yach, D (1992) The use and value of qualitative methods in health research in developing countries. Social Science and Medicine 603 612.
Bibliography Continued Website references: Para controlar la epidemia del SIDA, Centroamrica debe invertir ms en prevencin http://www.hiv lac epinet.org/?view=1&cat=64&sub_select=5 Boletn epidemiolgico: SIDA en Costa Rica http://www.netsalud.sa.cr/ms/estadist/boletin/a2002 World AIDS Campaign 2004: Strategy Note www.unaids.org AIDS in Costa Rica www.unaids.org