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Hazard identification and characterization: prevention strategies [Power Point]

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Material Information

Title:
Hazard identification and characterization: prevention strategies Power Point
Translated Title:
Identificación del peligro y caracterización: estrategias de prevención Power Point ( )
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Monteverde Institute
Publication Date:
Frequency:
normalized irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Agricultural laborers--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Safety and health at work
Community Health 2003
Occupational health
Workplace hazards
Genre:
Books/Reports/Directories
Books/Reports/Directories

Notes

Summary:
Power Point summarizing aspects to look for in workplace safety features.
Summary:
Power Point que resume los aspectos a buscar en las características de seguridad en el lugar de trabajo.
Language:
EN

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - M38-00080
usfldc handle - m38.80
System ID:
SFS0000269:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
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Identificacin del peligro y caracterizacin: estrategias de prevencin [Power Point]
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Power Point summarizing aspects to look for in workplace safety features.
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Safety and health at work
Community Health 2003
Occupational health
Workplace hazards
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PAGE 1

Hazard Identification and Characterization: Prevention Strategies

PAGE 2

Why investigate a workplace? Gain familiarity with workplace/process Investigate an incident Look for potential preventive interventions See how new processes/agents are working Determine compliance with regulations (enforcement) Look at sources of environmental emissions

PAGE 3

How to investigate workplace Conduct a walk through Gather information Talk to the company or workers Read print materials

PAGE 4

What to look for Work processes Work force Impact of work on workers Work processes, agents, machinery Preventive Efforts

PAGE 5

Characterization Workplace Processes Hazardous agents/conditions Workforce Potential health effects Controls for prevention

PAGE 6

Workplace: Characterization What is the process? Activities? Raw materials? Products? By products? Waste products? Processing aids? Historical data?: Monitoring data? Changes in work processes, agents used? Emissions data?

PAGE 7

Workplace: Process Description Sources of Information: International Labor Organization: Encyclopedaedia of Occupational Health and Safety, 4th Edition, Geneva: ILO, 1998. Burgess, WA: Recognition of Health Hazards in Industry, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995. Kirk Othmer: Concise Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, New York: John Wiley Sons, 1985. Internet: search on the work process or sector Workplace, itself (H.R., workers, unions, safety personnel) Trade journals

PAGE 8

Workplace: Hazardous Agents Biological (microorganisms, allergens, genetically modified organisms) Chemical (aerosols, liquids, solids, gases) Physical (temp, noise, vibration, radiation) Traumatic/ergonomic (machines, heights, heavy equipment) Psychosocial (personal control, wages, pecking order)

PAGE 9

Workplace: Chemical agents Lists of chemical agents from workplace Material safety datasheets International Chemical Safety Cards http://www.ilo.org/public/english/protection/safework/cis/ products/icsc/ Notes from trade journals or descriptions of industry

PAGE 10

Chemical Agents: Material Safety Data Sheets Lists: active and inactive ingredients Chemical properties Health effects Control measures: appropriate engineering controls, work practices, or personal protective equipment Emergency and first aid procedures Date of preparation of the MSDS or the last change to it Name, address and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, importer, employer or other responsible party preparing or distributing the MSDS

PAGE 12

International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSCs) Developed by the International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS) of the International Labour Organization (ILO) Summarizes essential health and safety information about chemicals workers and employers ICSCs are not legally binding documents

PAGE 14

Characterization of Agents Exposure Limits Regulatory (vary by country/state) Non regulatory

PAGE 15

Work Force Job titles/job descriptions Task analysis Exposure duration shift length continuous vs. intermittent Number of workers in each task Other considerations: age, experience, illness

PAGE 16

Workforce: Information sources Workplace, itself Human resources Supervisors, managers Workers, work representatives (e.g., union) Business publications

PAGE 17

Impact on Workers: Health Effects Symptoms Organ systems affected Biological markers (biomarkers) Markers of exposure (e.g., blood lead) Markers of physiological impact, no symptoms (e.g., enzyme changes from lead ZPP) Markers of disease (e.g., lab tests of organs) Historical monitoring?

PAGE 18

Information Sources: Health Effects Conduct survey of workers Journals: epidemiology, toxicology Agencies ATSDR http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/ NTP http://ntp server.niehs.nih.gov/Main_Pages/Chem HS.html Texts: Proctor & Hughes: Chemical Hazards in the Workplace Sullivan & Krieger: Hazardous Materials Toxicology Casarett and Doull: Toxicology, 2001, 6 th edition

PAGE 19

Preventive Interventions

PAGE 20

Controls (IH Heirarchy) Source Worker Air Path

PAGE 21

Source Controls Substitution Process change Process isolation Wet methods Local exhaust ventilation Good maintenance program Source

PAGE 22

Pathway Controls General ventilation Dilution ventilation Worker isolation Continuous area monitoring Housekeeping Good maintenance Air Path

PAGE 23

Worker (receiver) Controls Training and education Personal monitoring Personal protective equipment Maintenance program Worker

PAGE 24

I.H. Heirarchy of Controls Engineering Controls Administrative Controls Personal Protective Equipment e.g., substitution, machine guards e.g., training/education, rotate job tasks, increase maintenance frequency e.g., gloves, masks, aprons

PAGE 25

Outcome Summary of available essential information on workers, tasks, agents, potential exposures, and potential health effects Thoughts about potential interventions to prevent workplace injury and illness