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The status of south central Florida's regional economy

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Title:
The status of south central Florida's regional economy an update
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1 online resource (138 p.) : ;
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English
Creator:
University of South Florida -- Center for Economic Development Research
Publisher:
Center for Economic Development Research
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
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Subjects / Keywords:
Community development -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- De Soto County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Hardee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Highlands County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Okeechobee County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Polk County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
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bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Abstract:
Report commissioned by the Central Florida Regional Planning Council (CFRPC) to facilitate the creation of a comprehensive economic development strategy for De Soto, Hardee, Highlands, Okeechobee, and Polk Counties.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
Statement of Responsibility:
an analysis performed by Center for Economic Development Research, College of Business Administration, University of South Florida.
General Note:
Title from PDF of title page (viewed Aug. 5, 2009).
General Note:
"May 2001."

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002022972
oclc - 429217425
usfldc doi - C63-00010
usfldc handle - c63.10
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SFS0000288:00001


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The StatusofSouth Central Florida's Regional Economy: An UpdatePrepared for Central Florida Regional Planning CouncilByCENTER FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RESEARCHCollegeofBusiness Administration University of South FloridaUS ..DowntownCrntrr 1101ChannelsideDr., 2Jl(\ FloorN.,Tampa,Florida33602Office: (813) 905-5854orFax:(813) 905-5856May, 2001

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PrefaceTheCentralFloridaRegionalPlanningCouncil (CFRPC)isaplanningandpublic policy agencythatworkswithpublicandprivateleadershipintheCentralFloridaRegiontoachieve ahealthyandsustainablefuture. CFRPCservesDeSoto,Hardee,Highlands,OkeechobeeandPolkCounties.TheCFRPCislocatedat555EastChurchStreet,Bartow,FL33830.ThisstudywascommissionedbytheCFRPCandperformedbytheCenterfor economicDevelopmentResearch(CEDR), CollegeofBusinessAdministration,UniversityofSouthFlorida(USF).ThestudyisintendedasabasisfortheCFRPCtoformulatea comprehensive economic developmentstrategyinconjunctionwiththeupdateofitsStrategicRegional Policy Plan. ApreliminaryreportofthefindingswaseditedbytheCEDRstaffto producethisfinalreport.CEDRprovidesinformationandconductsresearchonissuesrelatedto economicgrowthanddevelopmentintheNation,inthestateofFlorida,andparticularlyinthecentralFloridaregion.TheCenterservesthefaculty, staff,andstudentsoftheCollegeofBusinessAdministration,theUniversity,andindividualsandorganizationsintheUniversity'sservicearea.ActivitiesofCEDRaredesignedtofurthertheobjectives oftheUniversityandspecificallytheobjectives oftheCollegeofBusinessAdministration.RobertAnderson, Ph.D., Dean, College ofBusinessAdministration(COBA),USFKennethWieand, Ph.D., Director, CEDR, COBA,USFM.J.Murray,Ph.D., EconomistandPrincipalInvestigator, CEDR, COBA,USF

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THE STATUS OF SOUTH CENTRAL FLORIDA'S REGIONAL ECONOMY:ANUPDATEOVERVIEW OF THE PROJECTCentralFloridaRegionalPlanningCouncil (CFRPC) commissionedtheUniversityofSouthFlorida'sCenterfor Economic DevelopmentResearch(USF CEDR)toupdateeconomicanddemographic indicators,includingpopulation,laborforceandemployment,educationandincome,asabasisfortheCFRPC'spreparationoftheirComprehensive Economic DevelopmentStrategy(CEDS).Inaddition,andforthelargerpurposeofdeveloping astrategicplanorvisionoffutureeconomicactivityintheregion (Strategic Regional Policy Plan),USF-CEDRandCFRPCagreetoworkjointlytodevelopandexecuteanimplementationplanto involvetheindividualsandgroups concernedwitheconomicandcommunitydevelopmentintheregion. Concernedpartiesincludeareaexperts, economicdevelopmentprofessionals,representativesfromprincipalindustriesinthearea,chambersofcommerceandcommunitydevelopers,andelected officials.Thisupdateoftheeconomicanddemographicdataprovidesthebasisfor modelingandexecutionoftheimplementationplan,andservesasaconstructforfutureplans.Thisjointeffort envisions tworeports.OneisthisupdateofthestateofthecountyeconomiesinCFRPC's region, specifically DeSoto,Hardee,Highlands,Okeechobee,andPolk Counties.Inaddition, for comparison,themetroareasthatbracketthenorthernpartofthisregion, HillsboroughandOrangeCounties,areincluded,asisthestateof Florida. A previousreportfor CFRPC,preparedbythepredecessororganizationtoUSF-CEDR,endedinthemid-1990s,withmostofthedatafrom a coupleofyearsbeforethat.Sothisupdatespanstheentiredecade, 1990-2000,bothtobringtheinformationup tothepresent,andtoprovidecontinuousseriesofdata,linkingtheold period tothenew.Thesecond report,tobecompletedjointlybetweenCFRPCandUSF-CEDR,isadocumentationoftheimplementationprocess, involvingthevariousinterestedpartiesintheformulationofaneconomic developmentplanfortheregion. Amajoroutcome ofthesetwoprincipaleffortsandreportsis asummitontheregionaleconomyanditsfutureprospects.Thismayserveasa model foranannualevent,a"StateoftheRegion"typereportandforum, tohighlightandshowcasetheeconomicdevelopmenteffortsandaspirationsofthenumerousindividualsandorganizationsfromthefive-countySouthCentralFloridaregion. Hopefully,itwillservefurthertolinkandintegratethemanyanddisparateefforts ofthesecommittedparticipants,for agreatergood ofallwhoareinvestedinthisregionofthestate.Anoutlineofthiseconomicupdateisprovidedonthenextpage.

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UPDATEOFSOUTHCENTRALFLORIDA'SECONOMYThereportisorganizedintofive sections, includingthisoverview.Itbeginswithananalysisofpopulationgrowthanditscharacteristics,andleadstolaborforceparticipationandemployment.Employmentbyindustryintroducesthestructureoftheseeconomies,andthepastisthenlinkedto projectionofthefuture.Theroleandproductivityoftheeducationsystemsareanalyzednext.Andfinally, a completeassessmentofeachcounty's economyisdetailedwithanarrayof income sourcesandmeasures,withhistoricaldetail,insevenappendices.POPULATIONOverviewPopulationGrowthPopulationCharacteristicsPopulation,LaborForceandEmploymentLonger-TermGrowthTrendsSTRUCTUREOFAREAECONOMIESOverviewIndustryStructureGrowthandChangeinIndustryStructureApproachtoProjectingIndustryStructureProjectedCounty-LevelEmploymentGrowthEDUCATIONOverviewEducationMeasuresTrendsandCountyComparisonsSOURCESOFCOUNTYINCOMEOverviewPersonalIncome Sources Average WagesMajorIndustryEmployersEarningsbyIndustryStructureofAreaEconomiesAPPENDIXA:PERSONALINCOMESOURCESAPPENDIXB:AVERAGEANNUALWAGESAPPENDIXC:AVERAGEHOURLYWAGERATESAPPENDIXD:INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREAPPENDIXE:EARNINGSBYINDUSTRYAPPENDIXF:COMPOSITIONBY TOTAL WAGESAPPENDIXG:COMPOSITIONBYINCOME2

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POPULATIONOVERVIEWAhealthyandgrowing economyrequiresavibrantworkforce,andpopulationfollowsexpandingjobopportunities.Thus,bothnetnaturalgrowthandnetinmigrationrespondtosucheconomic incentives,andpopulationsswellinareaswiththestrongestemploymentandincome prospects.Butthroughitscombinationofweather,water,andhistoricallya favorable cost of living,amongotherthings,Floridaofferstheadditionallureofthegood lifeinretirement.As such,populationchangeinFloridacountiesisa complexphenomenon.Forexample,inthestateasa whole,populationgrew byalmost23percentbetweentheCensusyears1990and2000.Ofthatgrowth, 85percentwasnetin-migration,andperhapssurprisingly,theseniorpopulation,age 65+, grewata slightlylesserratethantheoverallpopulation.As apercentoftotalpopulation,seniorsbeganthe1990s decadeat18.2percent,rosegraduallyto 18.5percentaslateas1996,butnowstandsat18.0percent.Florida'seconomydrivesitsgrowth,asexhibitedbyemploymentgrowthofabout25percentduringthatperiod.Theregionaleconomy will beexaminedingreaterdetailinthefollowing sections.Withthe2000CensusofPopulationnowbeingreleased,theheadcountinallcounties,butespeciallyruralcounties,apparentlybecomes morereliablethantheintercensusestimates.For2000,theerrorratesinestimatingpopulationwere30.0percentinDeSoto County, 27.5percentinHardee,16.4percentinHighlands,8.5percentinOkeechobee,and4.6percentinPolk.InHillsboroughandOrangeCountiestheywere4.8and7.3percent,respectively.Andforthestate,thepopulationwasunderestimatedby4.2percent.UnderestimationistypicaloffastergrowingstatessuchasFlorida.POPULATION GROWTHInTable1,the2000Censuscountsaregiven foreachofthefivecountieswhichmakeuptheCentralFloridaregion: DeSoto,Hardee,Highlands,OkeechobeeandPolk.Table1 alsoincludesthecomparisonareasofnearbyHillsboroughandOrange,representingmetropolitaneconomies,andthestateof Florida.Inadditiontoeachcounty'sgrowthoverthedecade,thepercentageofthatgrowthwhichisattributabletonetnaturalandtonetin-migrationisprovided.Thereiswidevariationinallofthese,asisexplainednext.Table2reportstheagedistributionofeachcounty'spopulationanditsraceandethniccomposition.Populationgrowthintheindividualcountiesoverthedecadeappearto bedirectlyrelatedtothesizeoftheunderestimateinthosecounties.Forexample,comparedtothestateaverageof22.8percentgrowth, DeSotoandHardeeCountiesgrew34.6percentand37.8percent,respectively,on2000Censuscountsthatwere,again,30.0percentand27.5percenthigherthanpreviouslyestimated.(Thetenyeargrowthratesforthesecountiesunderthepre-Census2000populationestimateswouldhavebeen3.5percentand8.1 percent.) Notethatpopulation3

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growthineachcountyisabove average,oraround20percent,equivalenttothestateaverage.Bycomparison,growthratesofthemetroareasbracketingthenorthernedgeofthisfive-countyregionwere19.5percentforHillsboroughCounty,andarobust31.0percentinOrangeCounty.POPULATION CHARACTERISTICSThegroupingschosenforthisanalysisof agedistributionwere0-24, 25-64,and65+.Theagecohortswereselectedto focusinparticularontheprimarylaborforce age group,those25-64.Althoughclearlyyoungerpeople doparticipateintheworkforce,manyarepursuingsometypeofpost-secondaryeducationortraining,parttimeifnotfull-time.Buttheemphasisismoretowardpreparationfortheirworkcareers.Andasimilarcasecould bemadefor seniors,inthisinstance,65+.Somedowork,oftenpart-time,for avarietyofreasons.Butforthemajorityoftheseindividuals,theirprimeworkyearsarebehindthem.So to focusonthe25-64agegroup,theyaverageaboutfiftypercentofthepopulationinFlorida.ItisinterestingthattheyareonlyslightlymorenumerousinthemetrocountiesofHillsboroughandOrange,atjustover 52percent.FortheruralcountiesinCentralFlorida,theprimelaborforceagecohorts(25-64)oftheirpopulationsareasignificantlylowerpercentage.Itmayseemaslightdifference, for example, to beatonly44percentratherthan52percent,butthisrepresentsonly 85percentofwhatwouldbeanavailableworkforceinHillsboroughandOrangeCounties(44/52).AgedistributionsareprovidedinTable2.Thesevaryfromjustunder40percentinmoresenior-orientedHighlandsCounty, to ahighof47.6percentinthemoremetropolitanPolkCounty.Onraceandethnicity,thepercentWhiterangesfromabout70 to80percentinthefive counties,whiletheHispaniccomponentoftheirpopulationsvariesfrom 9.5percentinPolkCountytoover 35percentinHardeeCounty.Therearesomehistoricalpatternsandexplanationstothesevariations,butthesefivecountieshavenoticeabledifferencesinethniccompositioninspiteofwhatseemsliketheirinherentsimilaritiesbasedongeography.4

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TABLE1POPULATIONGROWTHKEY POPULATIONGROWfHMEASURES1990-2000AREAPOPULATIONGROWTHSOURCEOFGROWTHCensus % Net %Net1990 2000%Change Natural In-MigrationDeSoto County 23,938 32,209 34.6% 13% 87% Hardee County 19,542 26,938 37.8% 33% 67% Highlands County 68,957 87,366 26.7% -17% 117% Okeechobee County 29,756 35,910 20.7% 28% 72% Polk County 407,222483,924 18.8% 21% 79% Hillsborough County 835,937 998,948 19.5% 38% 62% Orange County 684,473 896,344 31.0% 32% 68%Stateof Florida 13,018,365 15,982,378 22.8%15%85% SOURCES: U.S. Bureau of Census,FL.Departmentof Health5

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TABLE2POPULATION CHARACTERISTICSKEY RACE, ETHNIC, AND AGE MEASURES2000AREA POPUlATIONRACE, ETHNICITY AGE DISTRIBUTIONCensus % White % Hispanic 2000 (Any Race) 0-24 25..6465+De Soto County 32,209 73.3% 24.9% 33.8% 46.0% 20.2% Hardee County 26,938 70.7% 35.7% 44.4% 15.3% Highlands County 87,366 83.5% 12.1% 24.1% 39.8% 36.1% Okeechobee County 35,910 79.3% 18.6% 38.7% 45.0% 16.3% Polk County 483,924 79.6% 9,5% 33.4% 47.6% 19.0% Hillsborough County 998,948 75.2% 18.0% 35.2% 52.3% 12.6% Orange County 896,344 68,6% 18.8% 37.0% 52.4% 10.6%StateofFlorida 15,982,378 78.0% 16.8% 31.8% 50.2% 18.0% SOURCES: U.S. BureauofCensus, U.F. Bureauof EconomicandBusiness Research6

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POPULATION, LABOR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENTTable3comparespopulation,laborforce (LF)andemployment.TheU. S.BureauofLaborStatistics(BLS)runstheLocalAreaUnemploymentStatistics(LAUS)program.Thislaborforcedatasetispreparedmonthlyanddescribeslaborforceparticipation,employment,unemployment,andunemploymentratebyplaceofresidence. Note fromTable3,for example,that46.0percentof DeSotoCounty'spopulationof32,209isinthe25-64LFage cohort. And, 8,442 DeSotoCountyresidents,or57.0percentoftheLF25-64 cohort,wereemployed.Theotherfourcountiesoftheregionhadgreaterpercentagesofthe25-64LFcohortemployed. OkeechobeeCountyhadthehighestpercentageoflaborforceparticipationat95.0percent.Bycomparison, HillsboroughandOrangeCountiesbothhadmoreemployedresidentsthanthenumberofpersonsintheirrespective 25-64 age cohorts.Thisisindicativeofalargernumberof employed persons, whoseagesareoutsidetheprime25-64 cohort.Table3 alsoincludestwomeasuresofemployment,theunemploymentrateandthepercentageofthoseemployedingoods-producing sectors oftheeconomy.Thegoods-producingsectorsareAgriculture, Mining, Construction,Manufacturing,andUtilities.Goods-producingindustrieshistoricallyhavebeenthoughtofasforming abaseofexportingactivitytootherregions. Goods-producingindustriesaregenerallycyclicalinnatureandmaycontributeto economic volatility.Forrecently, goodsproducingsectorsarerecognizedasbeingcomposed of slowgrowthindustriesintermsofbothoutputandemployment.NoteherethattheunemploymentratesintheseCentralFloridacountiesarehigh,bothrelativelyandabsolutely. Bythismeasure,theyareeconomicallydisadvantaged.Comparedtojustover 2.5percentinthemetrocounties,andunder4percentforthestateoverall,theserural,interiorcountieshaveunemploymentratesof6-7percent,9.5percentinHardeeCounty.OnlyPolkis close tothemetrocounties,at5.0percent.Onthepercentageofemploymentingoods-producingindustries,thestateandmetrocountiesare18-20percent.ThefiveCentralFloridacountiesrangefromjustunder30percent,toalmost40percent.Thisdoesnotbodewellforthefuture.Someimplicationsofthesenumbersareprovidedinasubsequentsectionofthisreport.Insummary,whilepopulationgrowthinruralCentralFloridaseemstohavekeptpacewiththerestofthestate,ithasnotbeenashighinlaborforceagesof2564astherestofthestateandofmetrocountiesinparticular,andthusnotashighinlaborforceparticipation.Withlessereconomic opportunity,laborforceagedindividualswill belessattractedtotheseareasandthusthelaborforcemaygrowmoreslowly.7

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LONGER-TERM GROWTHTRENDSInTables4-11thatfollow,annualestimatesofpopulation,laborforceandemploymentareprovidedforeachofthefiveCentralFloridacounties,andthecomparisonareasofnearbymetrocountiesandthestate.Thetablesshowestimatesofpopulation,populationby age,laborforce,laborforceparticipation,employmentandunemployment.Thepurposeistotrackannuallytheprogressoftheseeconomies,andto observetrends,particularlyinthelatterhalfofthedecade.Thesecountieshaveexperiencedverydifferentpatternsofchangeespeciallyinrecentyears.Actualpopulationcountsareavailable only onceeverytenyears,butintercensalestimatesareprovidedthroughastate-federalcooperativeprogram,andalsoasaseparateseriesofestimatesbytheUniversityofFlorida'sBureauof EconomicandBusinessResearch(BEBR).Theestimates,publishedbyBEBR, differ fromthosepublishedbytheU.S.BureauoftheCensus.TheargumentfortheU.S.numbersarethattheyaretheresultof aconsistentmethodology acrossallstatesandcountieswhilethedemographersatBEBRfeeltheyarecloser todevelopmentsinFloridaandoffer asuperiormethodology.Thepointofthisdiscussionisthatratesofchangeoverthelastfewyearsmustbegaugedintermsof someseriesofintercensalyearlyestimates-theU.S.BureauoftheCensusortheBEBRnumbers.Here,weusepopulationestimatesfortheintercensusyearsof 1991through1999,asreportedbytheU.S.BureauoftheCensus,butscaledtotheactualpopulationchanges,asmeasuredbytheofficial 1990and2000Censuscounts.Thedecade longgrowthratesforthesefivecountiesinCentralFloridaaverage21.3percent,aboutthesameasthestate.Specifically,theyare: DeSoto, 34.6%;Hardee,37.8%;Highlands,26.7%; Okeechobee, 20.7%;andPolk, 18.8%;withPolkaccountingforalmostthree-fourthsofthepopulationintheregion.Duringthesecondhalfofthedecade, 1995-2000, adifferentgrowthpatternemerges.Thefiveyeargrowthrateswere: DeSoto, -6.9%;Hardee,-4.3%;Highlands,1.5%; Okeechobee, 17.6%; Polk, 8.5%;andCentralFlorida(the five counties), 6.6%.Florida'sgrowthratewas10.2%duringthesameperiod.Populationgrowthpatternsalonesuggestaverydifferentconclusionregardingtherelativeprogressoftheindividualcountiesinthisregioninrecentyears.Employmentchanges, from 1995 to 2000, were: DeSoto, -14.9%;Hardee,-17.4%;Highlands,-4.2%; Okeechobee, 3.0%; Polk, 8.6%;andtheregion, 4.9%. All fivecountiesintheCentralFloridaregionhaveabove -state-averagesenior(65+)populations,andbelowaveragelaborforceaged(25-64)populations.Thelatteraveragesarenotexcessively lowerthanthestatewideaverage,buttheyarelower.But,whencomparedtometroareaslike HillsboroughandOrangeCounties,thelaborforceagedpopulationismuchlower.HighlandsCountyinparticularhasarelativelylargeseniorpopulationandadisproportionatelylowerlaborforceagedpopulation.Whencomparingactuallaborforce tothelaborforceagedpopulations,itshouldbeaboutequal,or100percent.Metrocounties, likeHillsboroughandOrangeactuallyhavegreaterthan100percentlaborforce tolabor force -agedpopulations.9

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TABLE 3POPULATIONANDEMPLOYMENTKEY POPULATION AND EMPLOYMENT MEASURES2000 AREA POPULATIONLABOR FORCEEMPLOYMENT2000%LFAgeLAUS%ofL.F.%ofLF%inGoods Census 25-64EstimatePopulation Unemploye; Producing De Soto County 32,209 46.0% 8,442 57.0% 5.9% 31.9% Hardee County 26,938 44.4% 8,800 73.5% 9.5% 37.4% Highlands County 87,366 39.8% 25,723 73.9% 5.9% 27.2% Okeechobee County 35,910 45.0% 15,350 95.0% 7.0% 29.3% Polk County 483,924 47.6% 205,352 89.2% 5.0% 27.1% Hillsborough County 998,948 52.3% 570,195 109.2% 2.7% 18.8% Orange County 896,344 52.4% 513,162 109.3% 2.6% 17.8% -&f Florida 15,982,378 50.2% 7,593,000 94.7% 3.7% 19.5% SOURCES:U.s.Bureau of Census, U.F. BEBR, U.S. Bureau of Lahor Statistics, FL. Department of Labor8

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Comparingresidence-basedestimates(LADS) ofthelaborforcewithestablishment-basedestimates(ES-202)inHardeeandOkeechobee Counties, one findsthatresidence-basedestimatesareconsistentlybelowestablishment-basedestimatesinHardeeandOkeechobee Counties.Thedifferenceindicatesthepresenceofout-commuting.Thatiscountyresidentsareon anetbasisworkinginnearbycounties. Okechobee County's economicorientationistowardthecountiestoitseast.HardeeisorientedtowardHillsboroughandManateeCountiestoitswest.OrangeCountyandHillsborough County,bycontrast,havesmallerresidencebasedworkforces,indicatingthat,onnet, employeestravelfromsurroundingcountiesforemployment.InDeSoto County, for example,laborforceasapercentageoflaborforcepopulationdroppedcontinuously, from over 80percentin1990, to 57percentin2000.Thesamehasbeentrue,butto alesserextent,intheremainingcounties.Therearetwo possiblereasonsforthedrop. One,thecomposition ofthepopulationisgrowinginthe24 65laborforce age cohort.Butthisisnottrueinanyofthecounties.Two,theresidentsinthesecountiessimplymaybechoosing toparticipatelessinworkorhavehadless accesstoemploymentwithrecentdifficultiesintheagriculturalsectorandthemanufacturingsector.Thereisalso asmallerpresenceofthefast-growing service sector,particularlyadvancedbusinessservices. Twofinalsummaryobservationsare, first,theduelingunemploymentratesinthesemorecountiesarestillmorethantwicethatofmetroareas.Andsecond,thepercentageofemploymentingoods-producingindustries(agriculture,mining,construction,manufacturingandutilities)inthesecounties,arebetweenfiftyandalmostahundredpercenthigherthanthestateandmetroareas.Thathasaccountedfor alotofthedownturnintheseeconomiesinthelastyearorso.Butsohasalackofgrowing, service-producingemploymentthatmetroareashaveenjoyed.Thesekindsofactivitiesarenottypicalinnon-metroareas.Detailsof population,laborforceandemploymentpatternsoverthelastdecade,areincludedforeachcountyinCentralFlorida,andthecomparisonareas,inTables4-11.Employmentisprovidedbothfromthehouseholdsurvey(LADS place of residence)andfromemployers(ES-202 place of work).10

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POPULATION, LABOR FORCEANDEMPLOYMENT De Soto County1990 199119921993 19941996 19961997199819992000POPULATION23,938 29,201 27,876 30,656 33,109 34,593 31,74431,902 31,556 30,844 329209Total Persons0-24 8,124 9,840 9,401 10,39311,23811,728 10,761 10,807 10,673 10,436 10,888 25-64 11,18713,782 13,03314,19D15,276 15,970 14,58414,670 14,52314,18514,81765+4,627 5,579 5,442 6,072 6,595 6,895 6,4006,4256,360 6,222 6.503Percentage 0-24 33.9% 33.7%33.7% 33.90Al 33.9% 33.9% 33.9% 33.9% 33.8% 33.8% 33.8% 25-64 46.7%47.2% 46.8% 46.3% 46.1% 46.2% 45.9% 46.0"A> 46.0% 46.0% 46.0% to-' 65+19.3% 19.1%19.5% 19.8% 19.9% 19.9% 20.2%2f}.1%20.2% 20.2% 20.2% to-' LABOR FORCE (Hshld)9,67010,050 9,909 9,933 9,842 9,991 9,899 9,752 8,967 8,590 8,442 %Participation40.4% 34.4% 35.5% 32.4% 29.7% 28.9% 31.2% 30.6% 28.4% 27.90A. 26.2% %Partie.ofLF Ages86.4% 72.9% 76.0%70.0% 64.4%62.6% 67.9% 66.5%61.7%60.6% 57.0% t;;EMPLOYMEN'l' (RshId)8,9959,326 8,926 8,934 9,071 9,337 9,187 9,075 8,3288,0257,944 %Employed93.0%92.8%90.1% 89.9% 92.2% 93.5% 92.8% 93.1% 92.9%93.4%94.1% %Unemployed7.0% 7.2% 9.9% 10.1% 7.8% 6.5% 7.2% 6.9% 7.1% 6.6% 5.9%COVERED EMPLOY.7,994 8,377 7,975 8,083 8,343 8,878 8,8699,0108,9348,8408,576 %HshldEmployment88.9% 89.8% 89.3% 90.5% 92.0% 95.1%96.5% 99.3% 107.3%nO.2%108.0%SOURCES: U.S. BureauofCensus, U.F. BureauofEconomicandBusiness Research, U.S. Bureau ofLabor Statistics, FL.DepartmentofLabor

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POPULATION, LABOR FORCEANDEMPLOYMENTHardeeCounty1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 19961997 1998 19992000POPULATION19,542 21,587 25,952 27,031 27,556 28,151 26,25526,59926,51026,39926,938TotalPersons0-24 7,8058,57610,278 10,758 10,957 11,179 10,366 10,557 10,563 10,57510,83825-648,7729,72511,836 12,236 12,38612,66411,746 11,875 11,831 11,748 11,97465+2,9653,2863,839 4,037 4,213 4,308 4,142 4,1674,116 4,0764,127Percentage0-24 39.9% 39.7% 39.6% 39.8%39.8% 39.7% 39.5% 39.7% 39.8% 40.1% 40.2%25-6444.9% 45.1%45.6% 45.3% 44.9% 45.0% 44.7% 44.6%44.6% 44.5% 44.4%65+15.2% 15.2% 14.8% 14.9% 15.3"-1> 15.3% 15.8% 15.7% 15.5% 15.4% 15.3% LABORFORCE(Hshld)9,1859,5159,552, 10,16610,814 11,076 11,029 10,647 9,4059,1488,800 %Participation47.0% 44.1% 36.8% 37.6% 39.2%39.3% 42.0% 40.0% 35.5% 34.7% 32.7% t"4...... N%Partie.ofLFAges 104.7% 97.8% 80.7% 83.1% 87.3% 87.5% 93.9% 89.7% 79.5% 77.9% 73.5% l':iQt EMPLOYMENT(Hshld)8,1358,4938,1458,6009,262 9,6449,524 9,2948,2968,2057,962 %Employed88.6%89.3% 85.3% 84.6% 85.6% 87.1% 86.4% 87.3%88.2%89.7% 90.5% %Unemployed11.4% 10.7% 14.7%15.4%14.4%12.9% 13.6% 12.7%11.8% 10.3% 9.5%COVEREDEMPLOY. 6,8216,8956,6687,1637,790 7,6897,561 7,718 7,2537,1456,895%HshldEmployment83.8% 81.2% 81.9% 83.3%84.1% 79.7% 79.4% 83.0% 87.4%87.1%86.6%SOURCES:u.s.BureauofCensus,U.F.BureauofEconomicandBusinessResearch,u.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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POPULATION, LABOR FORCEANDEMPLOYMENTHighlandsCounty19901991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 199819992000POPULATION68,957 72,619 75,542 79,279 82,654 86,060 86,479 87,279 86,93886,567'87,366TotalPersons0-24 17,274 17,917 18,493 19,465 20,202 20,909 20,950 21,073 20,966 20,869 21,042 25-64 28,692 30,018 30,83831,92632,95234,538 34,198 34,48334,434 34,400 34,81365+22,991 24,684 26,211 27,888 29,500 30,61331,332 31,723 31,53831,298 31,511Percentage0-24 25.1% 24.7%24.5% 24.6% 24.4% 24.3% 24.2% 24.1% 24.1% 24.1% 24.1% 25-64 41.6% 41.3%40.8%40.3% 39.9% 40.1% 39.5% 39.5%39.6% 39.7%39.8%65+33.3% 34.0% 34.7% 35.2% 35.7%35.6%36.2% 36.3%36.3% 36.2",,0 36.1% ..... LABORFORCE(Hshld) 25,733 26,303 26,591 26,72827,56827,67627,689 27,108 27,141 25,869 25,723 w %Participation37.3% 36.2% 35.2% 33.7% 33.4% 32.2%32.0% 31.1% 31.2% 29.9% 29.4% t"'" %Partie.ofLFAges 89.7% 87.6% 86.2%83.7%83.7% 80.1% 81.0% 78.6% 78.8%75.2% 73.90,,0t!j EMPLOYMENT (Hshld) 23,487 24,04623,84623,992 24,86525,277 25,367 24,86024,950 24,116 24,217 %Employed91.3% 91.4% 89.7% 89.8% 90.2% 91.3%91.6% 91.7%91.9%93.2%94.1% %Unemployed8.7% 8.6% 10.3% 10.2% 9.8% 8.7%8.4% 8.3% 8.1% 6.8% 5.9% COVERED EMPLOY. 20,479 20,833 20,885 20,89422,255 22,460 22,502 24,222 23,160 23,032 22,900 %HshldEmployment87.2%86.6%87.6% 87.1% 89.5% 88.9% 88.7% 97.4%92.8% 95.5% 94.6%SOURCES:U.8.BureauofCensus,U.F.BureauofEconomicandBusinessResearch, U.8.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

PAGE 16

POPULATION, LABOR FORCEANDEMPLOYMENT Okeechobee County1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 19992000POPULATION29,756 30,901 30,998 31,572 31,099 30,545 31,404 31,85733,820 34,58235,910TotalPersons0-24 11,059 11,381 11,429 11,717 11,512 11,308 11,701 11,865 12,846 13,193 13,896 25-64 13,91514,513 14,52814,65814,334 14,017 14,265 14,427 15,249 15,597 16,151 65+ 4,782 5,007 5,041 5,198 5,253 5,220 5,4385,5655,7255,7925,863Percentage0-2437.2% 36.8% 36.9%37.1% 37.0% 37.0%37.3% 37.2% 38.0%, 38.1% 38.7%25-6446.8% 47.0% 46.9% 46.4% 46.1% 45.9% 45.4% 45.3%45.1% 45.1% 45.0% 65+ 16.1% 16.2% 16.3% 16.5% 16.9%17.1% 17.3% 17.5%16.9% 16.7% 16.3% ....... LABOR FORCE (Hshld) 13,659 14,244 14,401 14,953 14,971 15,38217,016 16,75016,045 15,819 15,350 %Participation45.9% 46.1%46.5% 47.4%48.1% 50.4%54.2%52.6% 47.4% 45.7% 42.7% t"'I %Partie.ofLFAges 98.2%98.1% 99.1% 102.0% 104.4%109.7%119.3%116.1% 105.2% 101.4% 95.0% trJ-l EMPLOYMENT(Hshld)12,554 12,938 12,753 13,448 13,289 13,865 15,380 15,328 14,717 14,63414,278 %Employed91.9%90.8% 88.6% 89.9% 88.8% 90.1% 90.4%91.5% 91.7% 92.5% 93.0% %Unemployed8.1% 9.2% 11.4% 10.1% 11.2% 9.9%9.6%8.5% 8.3% 7.5% 7.0%COVEREDEMPLOY. 7,762 7,8507,827 8,551 8,7158,8159,61610,022 10,188 9,832 9,705 %HshldEmployment61.8%60.7%61.4% 63.6% 65.6% 63.6% 62.5%65.4% 69.2%67.2% 68.0%SOURCES:U.S.BureauofCensus,U.F.BureauofEconomicandBusinessResearch,U.S. Bureau ofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

PAGE 17

POPULATION, LABOR FORCEANDEMPLOYMENTPolk County1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 19961997 1998 19992000POPULATION407,222 414,381 422,384 427,625437,182 445,855452,594 461,736 469,923476,407483,924TotalPersons0-24138,431 139,152141,263143,325146,443 149,057 150,577 153,564 156,441 158,873 161,57925-64193,409 197,291 200,430201,123 205,300 209,577212,880 217,695222,384225,999 230,31965+75,382 77,938 80,691 83,177 85,439 87,22189,137 90,47891,09991,53592,026Percentage0-2434.0% 33.6% 33.4%33.5% 33.5% 33.4% 33.3% 33.3% 33.3% 33.3% 33.4%25-6447.5% 47.6% 47.5% 47.0% 47.0% 47.0% 47.0% 47.1% .3% 47.4% 47.6%65+18.5%18.8% 19.1% 19.5% 19.5% 19.6%19.7% 19.6% 19.4% 19.2% 19.0% ...... LABORFORCE(Hshld) 200,240 196,715 194,712 195,775 195,862 193,842 195,064 196,579198,169 200,286 205,352 IJl %Participation49.2% 47.5% 46.1% 45.8% 44.8% 43.5%43.1%42.6%42.2% 42.0% 42.4% %Partie.ofLFAges 103.5% 99.7%97.1%97.3% 95.4% 92.5% 91.6% 90.3% 89.1% 88.6% 89.2% trjIX> EMPLOYMENT(Hshld) 180,475 177,703173,560 176,736 178,827 179,676 182,123 184,019 187,348190,575 195,124 %Employed90.1% 90.3% 89.1% 90.3% 91.3% 92.7% 93.4% 93.6% 94.5%95.2% 95.0% %Unemployed9.9%9.7% 10.9% 9.7% 8.7% 7.3% 6.6% 6.4% 5.5% 4.8% 5.0%COVERED EMPLOy. 157,062 155,149 152,947 156,734 162,917 165,255 169,636171,388 177,322 177,898 181,900 %HshldEmployment87.0% 87.3% 88.1% 88.7% 91.1%92.0% 93.1% 93.1% 94.6% 93.3% 93.2%SOURCES;U.s.BureauofCensus,U.F.BureauofEconomicandBusinessResearch,UB.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

PAGE 18

POPULATION, LABOR FORCE AND EMPLOYMENTHillsborough County1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000POPULATION835,937 848,183 862,229 875,499 886,544 900,493,628937,998959,943 980,830998,948TotalPersons0-24 298,481 299,252 303,091 309,086 312,718 316,432 320,531 328,390 336,450 344,562 351,458 25-64 435,147 443,398 450,358 454,807 459,894 468,000476,896489,122 501,104 512,114 521,983 65+ 102,309105,533 108,781 111,606 113,932 116,061 118,202120,486 122,388 124,154 125,507Percentage0-24 35.7% 35.3% 35.2% 35.3% 35.3% 35.1% 35.00/0 35.0% 35.0% 35.1% 35.2% 25-64 52.1% 52.3%52.2%51.9% 51.9% 52.0% 52.1% 52.1% 52.2%52.2% 52.3% 65+ 12.2%12.4% 12.6% 12.7%12.9%12.9%12.9% 12.8% 12.7% 12.7%12.6% LABORFORCE(Hshld) 452,770 449,859 457,109469,700 484,744 491,856 498,780 516,089531,124546,338 570,195 to-' %Participation54.2% 53.0% 53.0% 53.6% 54.7%54.6% 54.5%55.0%55.3% 55.7% 0\ 57.1% t"'I %Partie.ofLFAges 104.0% 101.5% 101.5% 103.3% 105.4% 105.1% 104.6% 105.5% 106.0% 106.7% 109.2% t!j(C EMPLOYMENT (Hshld) 431,421 422,230 424,598 439,674 459,528 470,614 479,754 498,897 516,406 532,012 554,720 % Employed 95.3% 93.9% 92.9% 93.6%94.8% 95.7% 96.2% 96.7% 97.2%97.4%97.3%%Unemployed4.7% 6.1% 7.1%6.4% 5.2% 4.3% 3.8% 3.3% 2.8% 2.6% 2.7% COVERED EMPLOY. 440,584 428,654 431,883449,039 474,447 492,841 513,568 530,033 554,485 573,192 591,832 %HshldEmployment102.1% 101.5% 101.7% 102.1%103.2% 104.7% 107.0% 106.2%107.4% 107.7% 106.7% SOURCES:U.s.BureauofCensus,V.F.Bureauof EconomicandBusinessResearch,U.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

PAGE 19

POPULATION, LABOR FORCEANDEMPLOYMENTOrangeCounty1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 19971998 1999 2000POPULATION684,473 705,785 724,388 744,645 762,879 775,997 796,087 825,602 852,800 870,636896,344TotalPersons0-24255,578 260,805 267,164 275,527282,555 286,143 292,696 303,849 314,073 321,468 331,39425-64356,759 369,857 379-,252 388,287 396,938 404,306 415,260 431,237 446,474455,544 469,626 65+72,13675,122 77,972 80,831 83,387 85,548 88,131 90,516 92,252 93,624 95,324Percentage0-2437.3%37.0% 36.9% 37.0% 37.0% 36.9% 36.8%36.8% 36.8% 36.9%37.0%25-6452.1% 52.4% 52.4% 52.1%52.0% 52.1% 52.2%52.2% 52.4% 52.3% 52.4% to-' 65+10.5%10.6% 10.8% 10.9"A! 10.9% 11.0% 11.1% 11.0% 10.8%10.8% 10.6% -...J LABORFORCE(Hshld) 390,727 389,502 398,232 407,964419,166 421,973 434,056 453,499 471,227 490,9-19 513,162 %Participation57.1%55.2% 55.0% 54.8% 54.9% 54.4% 54.5% 54.9% 55.3%56.4%57.3% % Partie. ofLFAges 109.5%105.3% 105.0%105.1% 105.6%104.4%104.5% 105.2%105.5%107.8% 109.3% r;; EMPLOYMENT(Hshld) 369,708 363,192 368,762 382,686 395,346 403,026 417,699 438,360 457,130 477,542 499,770 <:> %Employed94.6% 93.2% 92.6% 93.8% 94.3% 95.5% 96.2% 96.7% 97.0% 97.3%97.4% %Unemployed5.4% 6.8% 7.4% 6.2"Ai 5.7% 4.5% 3.8% 3.3% 3.0% 2.7% 2.6%COVEREDEMPLOY. 429,105424,765 436,045 457,781 474,650 489,690 515,807 537,107 568,305590,824 612,941 % HshldEmployment116.1% 117.0% 118.2% 119.6% 120.1% 121.5% 123.5% 122.5% 124.3%123.7% 122.6%SOURCES:U.S. Bur<18u ofCensus,U.F.BureauofEconomicandBusinessResearch,U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

PAGE 20

POPULATION, LABOR FORCEANDEMPLOYMENTStateofFlorida1990 1991 1992 1998 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 19992000POPULATION13,018 13,363 13,639 13,905 14,221 14,505 14,813 15,14015,426 15,685 15,982 TotalPersons0-24 4,200 4,268 4,3484,448 4,546 4,6244,705 4,808 4,901 4,989 5,08625-646,445 6,651 6,788 6,8877,038 7,194 7,361 7,5437,706 7,850 8,01865+2,373 2,4452,503 2,5702,637 2,6872,748 2,789 2,820 2,8462,878Percentage0-24 32.3% 31.9% 31.9% 32.0% 32.0% 31.9% 31.8% 31.8% 31.8% 31.8% 31.8% 25-64 49.5%49.8% 49.8% 49.5%49.5% 49.6%49.7% 49.8% 50.0% 50.0% 50.2%65+18.2% 18.3% 18.3% 18.5%18.5% 18.5% 18.5%18.4% 18.3% 18.1%18.0% I-' LABORFORCE(Hshld) 6,468 6,489 6,559 6,661 6,8116,851 6,956 7,119 7,230 7,366 7,593 00%Participation49.7%48.6% 48.1%47.9% 47.9% 47.2%47.0% 47.0%46.9% 47.0% 47.5% t'" %Partie.ofLFAges 100.4% 97.6% 96.6% 96.7%96.8%95.2% 94.5% 94.4% 93.8% 93.8% 94.7% tJ:j.... EMPLOYMENT (Hshld) 6,078 6,009 6,016 6,192 6,363 6,475 6,603 6,780 6,920 7,082 7,310 .... %Employed94.0% 92.6%91.7%93.0%93.4% 94.5% 94.9% 95.2% 95.7% 96.1% 96.3% %Unemployed6.0% 7.4% 8.3% 7.0% 6.6% 5.5% 5.1% 4.8% 4.3% 3.goA. 3.7% COVERED EMPLOY. 5,407 5,317 5,371 5,593 5,818 6,009 6,182 6,373 6,611 6,837 7,070 %HshldEmployment89.0% 88.5% 89.3% 90.3% 91.4% 92.8% 93.6% 94.0% 95.5% 96.5% 96.7%SOURCES:U.s.BureauofCensus, U.F.Bureauof EconomicandBusinessResearch,U.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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TABLE12EMPLOYMENT BY MAJOR INDUSTRY2006TOTAL TOTALAREAAGRIC. MANUF. TRADE SEltvICES PRIVATE GOVT.De SotoCounty2,6162251,440 982 5,849 2,727HardeeCounty2,064 209 1,159 1,204 5,196 1,699HighlandsCounty3,396 1,218 5,415 6,628 18,933 3,967 Okeechobee County 1,698 166 2,553 2,257 7,895 1,810 PolkCounty8,211 19,737 50,946 45,940 154,660 27,240------....._-..-_._-_..---------..................................................._-............---_....._---...----......._...._-........-..--....-_....._--........._-_.._...._-_...-....._-Central Florida Region 17,985 21,555 61,513 57,011 192,533 37,443 HillsboroughCounty11,946 37,892 129,860 233,581 521,954 69,878OrangeCounty8,729 37,342 138,397 272,987 553,969 58,972StateofFlorida150,000 485,000 1,784,000 2,491,000 6,093,000 977,000INDUSTRYSTRUCTURE2000TOTAL TOTALAREAAGRIC.MANUF.TRADE SERVICES PRIVATE GOVT.De Soto County 30.5% 2.6% 16.8% 11.5% 68.2% 31.8%HardeeCounty29.9% 3.0% 16.8% 17.5% 75.4% 24.6%HighlandsCounty 14.8% 5.3% 23.6% 28.9% 82.7% 17.3% OkeechobeeCounty17.5% 1.7% 26.3% 23.3% 81.3% 18.7%PolkCounty 4.5% 10.9% 28.0% 25.3% 85.0% 15.0%.._-_........_--_.._-.... -_.........._---_.................... _....._-............._---_.............-..-....._---_..-----_..--------_..........._----....... .. _----------Central FloridaRegion 7.8% 9.4% 26.7% 24.8% 83.7% 16.3% Hillsborough County 2.0%6.4%21.9% 39.5% 88.2% 11.8%OrangeCounty1.4% 6.1% 22.6% 44.5% 90.4% 9.6%Stateof FlDrida 2.1% 6.9% 25.2% 35.2% 86.2% 13.8% SOURCES: U.S.Bureauof Labor Statistics, FL.DepartmentofLabor20

PAGE 23

PolkCounty'sabsolutepresenceinagricultureismaskedsomewhatbystrongmanufacturingandtrade(particularlywholesaletrade)sectors.Onapercentagebasis,theseobservationsareevenmoreapparent.Agriculturerepresents30percentofcoveredemployment(andmoreintotal)inDeSotoandHardeeCounties,andbetween15-20percentinHighlandsandOkeechobee.ForFloridaagricultureitisonly2.1percent,andevenlessinHillsboroughandOrangeCounties.Manufacturingiswell belowthestateaverageinallbutPolkCounty. Services,thegreatengineofgrowthinthelatter1990s,issignificantlyunderrepresentedinallofthesecounties,insome, grossly so (DeSotoandHardeeCounties). By default,governmentbecomes adisproportionatelyimportantplayerintheseeconomies,withsuchactivitiesasprison"farms",augmentingthatevenfurtherinsomeoftheseareas.GROWTHANDCHANGEININDUSTRY STRUCTURETables13-20 provideten-yearindustrystructuresforeachofthefiveCentralFloridaRegionalPlanningCouncilcountiestogetherwiththecomparisonareasofHillsboroughandOrangeCountiesandthestateof Florida.Eachofthesecountieshasexhibiteda fairlyindividualisticgrowthpatternoverthedecade,andaverydifferentone forthefirstandsecondhalvesofthatten-yearperiod.Forinstance,totalemployment(employment coveredbyunemploymentcompensationlaws, ES 202data)inDeSotoCountygrewby11.1percentfrom 1990-1995,butisminus3.4percentfrom 1995-2000.Thegrowthratesfortheotherareas,forthefirstandsecondhalvesofthedecade, respectively,wereHardeeCounty, 12.7percentandminus10.3percent,Highlands,9.7and2.0percent,Okeechobee, 13.6and10.1percent,andPolkCounty, 5.2and10.1percent.HillsboroughandOrangeCountiesandthestateofFlorida, also experiences differences,withratesof 11. 9and20.1percent,14.1and25.2percent,and11.1and17.6percent,respectively.Thus,comparedtotheaveragesforthestate,aswellasthemetroareas,thesefivecountieshavestruggled.Thiswasparticularlytrueinthesecondhalfofthedecadewhenthestateandnationaleconomieswereespecially strong. OkeechobeeandPolkCountieshaveenjoyeddecentjobgrowthbutstillatonlyhalftherateofthestateoverall.Itiswithinandamongtheindustrygroupsthattheinterestingstorieslie.Andtofacilitatethisreview,industrystructureinthesetablesisalso givenonapercentagedistributionbasis.Forexample,theagriculturalindustryhasnotonlygrowninDeSoto County,ithasgrowninimportancefromjustunder20percentoftotalemploymentin1990, to over 30percentin2000.MostoftherestofDeSoto'sindustrieshaveremainedfairly flat.ThestoryinHardeeisstronggrowthinservices.InHighlandstherehasbeengrowthinboth,agricultureandservices,andinOkeechobee,trade,servicesandgovernmenthavegrown well.InPolkCounty,virtuallyeveryindustryintheservice-producing sectorhasenjoyedhealthyexpansion.PolkCountynodoubtbenefitedfromitsgeography,positionedbetweenHillsboroughandOrangeCounties. Polk,likethestateandnationaleconomy,sawservice-producingindustriesacrosstheboard(trade, finance, servicesandgovernment)growingattheexpenseof goods-producing activity.21

PAGE 24

As noted,detailsoftheseandothertrendsarecontainedinthecounty-bycountytablesthatfollow (Tables 13-20).Privatesectoremploymentcanbeseparatedfromgovernmentemployment.Andgoods-producingindustries(agriculture,construction,manufacturingandutilities)aresub-totaled,asareservice-producing ones (trade, financeandservices,intheprivatesector,andthetotaloffederal,stateandlocalgovernmentof courseinthegovernmentsector.)22

PAGE 25

INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREDe Soto County19901991199219931994199519961997199819992000COVEREDEMPLOY. 7,994 8,377 7,975 8,0838,3438,8788,869 9,010 8,9348,8408,576 %HshldEmployment88.9% 89.8% 89.3% 90.5% 92.0% 95.1% 96.5% 99.3ilA. 107.3%1l0.2%108.0%GOODS-PRODUCING2,425 2;392 2,230 2,412 2,679 3,060 3,167 3,428 3,522 3,449 3,250 Agriculture 1,555 1,684 1,641 1,983 2,2632,631 2,634 2,908 2,974 2,857 2,616Construction254218214189 167 168 182 222 211275320Manufacturing480 34823710299106 235 228243206225Utilities136142 138138 150 155 116 709411189SERVICE-PRODUCING5,569 5,985 5,745 5,671 5,664 5,818 5,702 5,582 5,412 5,391 5,326 N Trade1,293 1,399 1,439 1,384 1,422 1,440 1,444 1,468 1,367 1,418 1,440 E;;w 156Finance188 190 177 154166182 180 173176 177 ... Services838871 903 951 1,034 1,075 1,025 1,0301,052 1,010 982 Government3,2503,5253,226 3,182 3,052 3,137 3,051 2,904 2,8202,787 2,727 %GOODS-PRODUCING30.3% 28.6% 28.0% 29.8% 32.1% 34.5% 35.7% 38.0% 39.4% 39.0% 37.9% %Agriculture19.5% 20.1% 20.6% 24.5% 27.1% 29.6% 29.7% 32.3% 33.3% 32.3% 30.5% %Construction3.2% 2.6% 2.7%2.3%2.0% 1.9% 2.1% 2.5% 2.4% 3.1% 3.7% %Manufacturing6.0% 4.2% 3.0% 1.3% 1.2%1.2% 2.6%2.5%2.7% 2.3% 2.6% %Utilities1.7% 1.7%1.7% 1.7% 1.8%1.7% 1.3% 0.8% 1.1% 1.3% 1.0% %SERVICE-PRODUCING69.7% 71.4%72.0% 70.2% 67.9% 65.5% 64.3% 62.0% 60.6% 61.0% 62.1% %Trade16.2%16.7% 18.0% 17.1% 17.0% 16.2% 16.3% 16.3% 15.3% 16.0%16.8% %Finance2.4% 2.3%2.2% 1.9% 1.9% 1.9% 2.1%2.0% 1.9% 2.0%2.1% %Services10.5%10.4% 11.3% 11.8% 12.4% 12.1% 11.6% 11.4%1l.8%11.4% 11.5% %Government40.7% 42.1% 40.5% 39.4%36.6%35.3% 34.4% 32.2% 31.6% 31.5% 31.8%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREHardeeCounty1990199119921993 1994 1996 1996 1997 1998 19992000COVERED EMPLOY. 6,821 6,895 6,668 7,163 7,7907,689 7,561 7,718 7,253 7,145 6,895 %HshldEmployment83.8% 81.2% 81.9% 83.3% 84.1% 79.7% 79.4% 83.0% 87.4%87.1%86.6%GOODSPRODUCING 2,965 3,046 2,833 3,178 3,5943,339 3,127 3,300 2,9942,756 2,581Agriculture2,350 2,4272,2482,5792,968 2,677 2,482 2,732 2,472 2,212 2,064Construction162170 225240263306 272 190 162 183 180Manufacturing320313 217233240239248263 251241209Utilities133 136143126123 117 125 115 109 120128 SERVICEPRODUCING 3,856 3,849 3,8353,985 4,196 4,350 4,434 4,4184,2594,389 4,314 N 1,159 Trade1,424 1,305 1,258 1,296 1,345 1,413 1,408 1,361 1,271 1,350Finance198 205205215228 232 238 244 242243252 """ Services881 738 7318649531,002 1,061 1,0429861,067 1,204 ... Government1,353 1,6011,641 1,610 1,670 1,703 1,727 1,771 1,760 1,729 1,699 %GOODSPRODUCING43.5%44.2% 42.5%44.4%46.1% 43.4% 41.4%42.8% 41.3% 38.6% 37.4% %Agriculture34.5% 35.2% 33.7% 36.0".16 38.1% 34.8% 32.8% 35.4% 34.1% 31.0% 29.9% %Construction2.4% 2.5% 3.4% 3.4% 3.4%.4.0% 3.6% 2.5% 2.2%2.6% 2.6% %Manufacturing4.7% 4.5% 3.3% 3.3% 3.1%3.1% 3.3% 3.4% 3.5% 3.4% 3.0% %Utilities1.9% 2.0% 2.1% 1.8% 1.6% 1.5% 1.7%1.5%1.5%1.7% 1.9% % SERVICE-PRODUCING 56.5% 55.8%57.5% 55.6% 53.9% 56.6% 58.6%57.2% 58.7% 61.4% 62.6%%Trade20.9% 18.9%18.9%18.1% 17.3% 18.4% 18.6% 17.6% 17.5% 18.9% 16.8% %Finance2.9% 3.0% 3.1% 3.0% 2.9% 3.0% 3.1% 3.2% 3.3% 3.4% 3.7% % Services 12.9%10.7%11.0%12.1% 12.2% 13.0% 14J}% 13.5%13.6% 14.9% 17.5% %Government19.8% 23.2% 24.6%22.5%21.4%22.1% 22.8% 22.9% 24.3% 24.2% 24.6%

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I fit'iii@f INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREHighlandsCounty 1990 1991199219931994 1996 19961997 1998 1999 2000 COVERED EMPLOY. 20,479 20,833 20,885 20,894 22,255 22,460 22,502 24,222 23,160 23,032 22,900 %HshldEmployment 87.20AI 86.6% 87.6% 87.1%89.5% 88.9% 88.7% 97.4% 92.8% 95.5% 94.6% GOODS-PRODUCING 6,049 6,048 5,889 6,113 6,569 6,557 6,577 6,952 7,124 6,808 6,225 Agriculture 3,079 3,278 3,088 3,1823,534 3,524 3,518 4,041 4,312 '1,096 3,396Construction1,116989981 1,016 1,104 1,051 1,039 994 963978952Manufacturing1,250 1,177 1,243 1,305 1,315 1,358 1,387 1,338 1,225 1,127 1,218Utilities604 604 577 610616624633579624607659 SERVICE-PRODUCING 14,430 14,785 14,996 14,781 15,686 15,903 15,925 17,270 16,036 16,224 16,675 Trade 5,610 5,448 5,493 5,376 5,493 5,758 5,754 5,861 5,420 5,458 t:"'"N 5,415 tt.1VI Finance1,033873929939 932852958923676654665 jW. Services 3,942 4,147 4,319 4,481 5,480 5,597 5,454 6,682 6,108 6,255 6,628 Government3,845 4,317 4,255 3,985 3,781 3,696 3,7593,804 3,832 3,857 3,967%GOODS-PRODUCING 29.5%29.0% 28.2% 29.3% 29.5%29.2% 29.2% 28.7% 30.8% 29.6% 27.2% % Agriculture 15.0% 15.7% 14.8% 15.2% 15.9%15.7% 15.6% 16.7% 18.6% 17.8% 14.8% % Construction 5.4% 4.7% 4.7% 4.9% 5.0% 4.7% 4.6% 4.1% 4.2% 4.2% 4.2% %Manufacturing6.1% 5.6% 6.0% 6.2% 5.9% 6.0% 6.2% 5.5% 5.3% 4.9% 5.3% %Utilities2.9% 2.9% 2.8% 2.9% 2.8% 2.8% 2.8% 2.4% 2.7% 2.6% 2.9%%SERVICE-PRODUCING 70.5%71.0% 71.8% 70.7% 70.5% 70.8% 70.8%71.3% 69.2% 70.4% 72.8% %Trade27.4% 26.2% 26.3% 25.7% 24.7%25.6% 25.6%24.2% 23.4% 23.7% 23.6%% Finance 5.0% 4.2% 4.4% 4.5% 4.2% 3.8% 4.3% 3.8% 2.9% 2.8% 2.9% % Services 19.2%19.9% 20.7% 21.4% 24.6% 24.90k 24.2% 27.6% 26.4% 27.2% 28.9% %Government18.8% 20.7% 20.4% 19.1% 17.0% 16.5% 16.7% 15.7% 16.5% 16.7% 17.3%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREOkeechobee County1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 19971998 1999 2000 COVERED EMPLOY. 7,762 7,8507,827 8,551 8,715 8,815 9,616 10,022 10,188 9,832 9,705 %HshldEmployment 61.8% 60.7% 61.4% 63.6% 65.6% 63.6% 62.5%65.4% 69.2%67.2% 68.0% GOODS-PRODUCING 2,565 2,357 2,180 2,8352,806 2,573 2,637 2,836 3,087 2,818 2,847Agriculture1,626 1,451 1,345 1,954 2,028 1,839 1,846 1,992 2,1871,7141,698Construction486457397 444 383 368358 404 433466510Manufacturing275244219218204 170203197 172 161 166 Utilities178205219 219191 196230243295477 473 SERVICE-PRODUCING 5,197 5,493 5,647 5,7165,909 6,242 6,979 7,186 7,101 7;014 6,858 NTrade2,045 2,276 2,340 2,340 2,4472,6062,7942,880 2,744 2,577 2,553 0\ Finance272249250 237232 233 294289 252 244 238 tool Services1,535 1,622 1,681 1,739 1,7951,914 2,165 2,253 2,307 2,356 2,257 = Government1,345 1,346 1,376 1,400 1,435 1,489 1,726 1,764 1,798 1,837 1,810%GOODS-PRODUCING 33.0% 30.0% 27.9% 33.2% 32.2% 29.2% 27.4% 28.3% 30.3% 28.7% 29.3% %Agriculture20.9% 18.50.16 17.2% 22.9% 23.3%20.9% 19.2% 19.9% 21.5% 17.4% 17.5% % Construction 6.3% 5.8% 5.1%5.2% 4.4%4.2% 3.7% 4.0% 4.3%4.7% 5.3% %Manufacturing3.5% 3.1% 2.8% 2.5%2.3% 1.9% 2.1% 2.0% 1.7% 1.6%1.7% %Utilities2.3% 2.6% 2.8% 2.6% 2.2% 2.2%2.4% 2.4% 2.9% 4.9% 4.9%%SERVICE-PRODUCING 67.0% 70.0% 72.1% 66.8%67.8% 70.8% 72.6% 71.7% 69.7% 71.3%70.7% %Trade26.3% 29.0% 29.9% 27.4% 28.1%29.6%29.1% 28.7% 26.9%26.2% 26.3% %Finance3.5% 3.2% 3.2% 2.8% 2.7% 2.6% 3.1% 2.9% 2.5%2.5% 2.5% % Services 19.8% 20.7% 21.5% 20.3%20.6%21.7% 22.5% 22.5% 22.6%24.0% 23.3% %Government17.3% 17.1% 17.6% 16.4% 16.5% 16.9% 17.9% 17.6% 17.6% 18.7% 18.7%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREPolkCounty1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 1996 19971998 1999 2000COVERED EMPLOY. 157,062 155,149 152,947 156,734 162,917165,255 169,636 171,388 177,322 177,898 181,900 %HshldEmployment87.0%87.3% 88.1%88.7% 91.1% 92.0% 93.1% 93.1%94.6% 93.3% 93.2%GOODSPRODUCING50,466 49,59747,485 47,290 49,757 49,808 51,387 50,203 50,903 49,454 49,209 Agriculture 8,700 10,453 10,051 10,575 11,05210,07610,140 9,670 9,052 7,936 8,211Construction12,382 11,316 10,142 9,786 10,308 11,29911,855 11,856 12,833 12,438 12,339Manufacturing22,352 20,681 20,028 19,433 20,506 20,31020,970 20,585 20,57720,28919,737Utilities7,032 7,147 7,264 7,496 7,8918,1238,4228,0928,441 8,791 8,922 SERVICE-PRODUCING 106,596 105,552105,462 109,444 113,16{) 115,447 118,249 121,185126,419 128,444 132,691 Trade42,327 41,213 41,148 42,390 43,30944,769 45,739 46,963 48,844 49,292 50,946 NFinance7,861 7,366 7,277 7,261 7,424 7,4977,397 7,509 8,0668,0708,565 ,..'-JServices 33,42033,557 33,839 36,273 37,867 38,455 40,389 41,450 43,160 44,680 45,940 ....:I Government22,988 23,416 23,198 23,520 24,560 24,726 24,724 25,263 26,349 26,402 27,240 % GOODSPRODUCING 32.1% 32.0%31.0% 30.2% 30.5% 30.1% 30.3% 29.3% 28.7% 27.8% 27.1% %Agriculture5.5% 6.7%6.6%6.7%6.8% 6.1%6.0% 5.6% 5.1% 4.5% 4.5% %Construction7.9%7.3% 6.6% 6.2% 6.3ilAl 6.8% 7.0% 6.9% 7.2% 7.0% 6.8% %Manufacturing14.2%13.3%13.1% 12.4% 12.6% 12.3% 12.4% 12.00,4 11.6% 11.4% 10.9%%Utilities4.5%4.6% 4.7% 4.8% 4.8% 4.9% 5.0% 4.7% 4.8% 4.9% 4.9% % SERVICE-PRODUCING 67.9% 68.0% 69.0%69.8% 69.5% 69.9% 69.7% 70.7% 71.3% 72.2% 72.9% %Trade26.9% 26.6% 26.9%27.0% 26.6%27.1% 27.0% 27.4% 27.5% 27.7% 28.0% %Finance5.0% 4.7%4.8%4.6% 4.6% 4.5% 4.4% 4.4% 4.5% 4.5% 4.7% % Services 21.3%21.6% 22.1% 23.1% 23.2% 23.3%23.8% 24.2% 24.3% 25.1% 25.3% %Government14.6% 15.1%15.2% 15.0% 15.1% 15.0% 14.6% 14.7% 14.90/0 14.8% 15.0%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREHillsborough County19901991 1992 1993 1994 1993 1996 1997 19981999 2000COVERED EMPLOY. 440,584428,654 431,883 449,039 474,447 492,841 513,568 530,033 554,485 573,192 591,832 %HshldEmployment102.1%101.5%101.7% 102.1%103.2% 104.7% 107.0% 107.4% 107.7% 106.7% GOODSPRODUCING 99,76693,890 92,456 92,833 95,563 96,312 98,423 100,708 106,167 108,644 111,247Agriculture11,363 11,124 10,941 11,144 11,835 11,692 11,015 10,682 11,708 12,035 11,946Construction22,932 20,337 19,293 19,217 20,845 22,226 24,149 25,134 26,66927,41928,602Manufacturing40,059 37,975 37,489 37,342 36,979 35,933 35,771 36,598 37,498 37,430 37,892Utilities25,412 24,45424,73325,13025,904 26,461 27,488 28,294 30,292 31,760 32,807 SERVICEPRODUCING 340,818334,764 339,427 356,206378,884 396,529 415,145 429,325 448,318 '464,548 480,585 N Trade 114,563 107,410 107,591 110,618 116,313 121,382 125,248 128,171 126,739 126,881129,860 &; 00Finance34,928 35,216 35,731 35,335 37,794 37,969 40,737 42,179 45,150 46,870 47,266 """Services 129,424 129,548 132,733 146,489 159,444 171,293 183,295 193,163 207,583 223,260 233,581 00 Government 61,903 62,590 63,37263,76465,333 65,88565,86565,81268,84667,537 69,878 % GOODS-PRODUCING 22.6% 21.9% 21.4% 20.7%20.1% 19.5%19.2% 19.0% 19.1% 19.0% 18.8% %Agriculture2.6% 2.6% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.1% 2.0%2.1%2.1% 2.0% %Construction5.2% 4.7%4.5% 4.3% 4.4%4.5% 4.7% 4.7% 4.8% 4.8% 4.8% %Manufacturing9.1% 8.9% 8.7% 8.3% 7.8%7.3% 7.0% 6.9% 6.8% 6.5% 6.4% %Utilities5.8% 5.7% 5.7% 5.6% 5.5% 5.4% 5.4% 5.3% 5.5% 5.5% 5.5% % SERVICE-PRODUCING 77.4% 78.1% 78.6% 79.3% 79.9% 80.5% 80.8% 81.0% 80.9% 81.0% 81.2% %Trade26.0% 25.1% 24.9% 24.6%24.5% 24.6% 24.4% 24.2% 22.9% 22.1% 21.9% %Finance7.9% 8.2% 8.3% 7.9% 8.0% 7.7% 7.9% 8.0% 8.1% 8.2%8.0% % Services 29.4% 30.2% 30.7% 32.6% 33.6%34.8% 35.7% 36.4% 37.4% 39.0%39.5% %Government14.1% 14.6% 14.7% 14.2% 13.8%13.4%12.8% 12.4% 12.4% 11.8% 11.8%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREOrangeCounty1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1991i 1996 1997 1998 19992000COVEREDEMPLOY. 429,105 424,765 436,045 457,781 474,650489,690 515,807 537,107 568,305 590,824 612,941 %HshldEmployment116.1% 117.0% 118.2% 119.6% 120.1% 121.5% 123.5% 122.5%124.3% 123.7%122.6% GOODS-PRODUCING 97,643 91,510 91,19994,25994,668 94,608 99,132 99,634 105,306106,886 108,940Agriculture8,3048,3948,263 9,058 8,965 8,715 8,650 8,5798,6628,493 8,729Construction24,895 20,219 19,345 20,741 21,990 22,640 25,109 25,195 26,877 27,212 28,673 Manufacturing 38,981 36,616 35,795 35,378 33,865 33,727 35,347 35,12436,84537,200 37,342Utilities25,463 26,28127,796 29,082 29,848 29,526 30,026 30,736 32,922 33,981 34,196 SERVICE-PRODUCING 331,462 333,255 344,846 363,522 379,982 395,082 416,675437,473 462,999 483,938 504,001 Trade105,411 100,029 101,548 104,168108,828 114,159119,149 123,885 129,529 135,164 138,397 E; NFinance25,948 26,664 27,018 28,147 29,260 29,244 30,901 31,41932,85238,640 33,645 I-l\0 272,987 CServices 152,035 156,413 165,670 179,749 189,811 200,889214,680 228,382 245,092 252,460Government48,068 50,149 50,610 51,458 52,083 50,790 51,945 53,787 55.,526 57,674 58,972 % GOODS-PRODUCING 22.8% 21.5% 20.9% 20.6% 19.9%19.3% 19.2% 18.6% 18.5% 18.1% 17.8% %Agriculture1.9% 2.0% 1.9% 2.0% 1.9%1.8% 1.7% 1.6% 1.5% 1.4% 1.4% %Construction5.8% 4.8% 4.4% 4.5% 4.6%4.6%4.9% 4.7% 4.7%4.6%4.7% %Manufacturing9.1% 8.6% 8.2% 7.7% 7.1% 6.9%6.9% 6.5% 6.5% 6.3% 6.1% %Utilities5.9% 6.2% 6.4% 6.4% 6.3% 6.0% 5.8%5.7% 5.8% 5.8% 5.6% % SERVICE PRODUCING 77.2% 78.5% 79.1% 79.4% 80.1% 80.7% 80.8% 81.4% 81.5% 81.9% 82.2% % Trade 24.6% 23.5% 23.3%22.8% 22.90;6 23.3% 23.1% 23.1%22.8%22.9%22.6% % Finance6.0% 6.3% 6.2% 6.1%6.2% 6.0% 6.0% 5.8% 5.8% 6.5% 5.5% %Services35.4% 36.8% 38.0%39.3% 40.0%41.0% 41.6% 42.5% 43.1% 42.7% 44.5% %Government11.2% 11.8% 11.6% 11.2% 11.0% 10.4% 10.1% 10.0% 9.8% 9.8% 9.6%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTURE State ofFlorida1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 199.51996 1997 1998 1999 2000 COVERED EMPLOY. 5,4075,317 5,3715,593 5,818 6,009 6,182 6,373 6,611 6,837 7,070 %HshldEmployment89.0%88.5%89.3% 90.3% 91.4%92.8% 93.6% 94.0% 95.5% 96.5% 96.7% GOODS-PRODUCING 1,2641,1951,168 1,208 1,232 1,239 1,280 1,296 1,332 1,356 1,381Agriculture144149 146 154 158 153 154 153 156155150Construction332286273291 302311 331338355373396Manufacturing520 492 481484484480 489 490 492 488485Utilities268268268279288295 306315 329340350 SERVICE-PRODUCING 4,143 4,122 4,203 4,3854,586 4,770 4,902 5,077 5,279 5,481 5,689 Trade1,4551,413 1,424 1,467 1,522 1,579 1,632 1,667 1,711 1,7381,784 f;;w Finance366356350357 373372 386 397 423439437 t 02,491 CServices 1,487 1,505 1,575 1,692 1,796 1,917 1,975 2,093 2,210 2,353Government835848854869895902 909920935951 977 % GOODSPRODUCING 23.4% 22.5% 21.7% 21.6% 21.2% 20.6% 20.7% 20.3% 20.1% 19.8% 19.5% %Agriculture2.7%2.8% 2.7% 2.8%2.7% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3%2.1% %Construction6.1% 5.4% 5.1% 5.2% 5.2%5.2% 5.4% 5.3% 5.4% 5.5% 5.6% %Manufacturing9.6%9.3% 9.0% 8.7% 8.3% 8.00A> 7.9% 7.7% 7.4% 7.1% 6.9% % Utilities5.0% 5.0% 5.0% 5.0%5.0% 4.9% 4.9% 4.9% 5.0% 5.0% 5.0% % SERVICE-PRODUCING 76.6%77.5% 78.3% 78.4%78.8% 79.4% 79.3% 79.7% 79.9% 80.2% 80.5% %Trade26.9% 26.6%26.5% 26.20,4 26.2%26.3% 26.4% 26.2% 25.9% 25.4% 25.2% %Finance6.8% 6.7% 6.5% 6.4% 6.4%6.2% 6.2% 6.2% 6.4% 6.4% 6.2% %Services27.5% 28.3% 29.3% 30.3% 30.9%31.9% 31.9% 32.8% 33.4% 34.4% 35.2% %Government15.4%15.9% 15.9% 15.5% 15.4% 15.0% 14.7% 14.4% 14.1% 13.9% 13.8%

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APPROACH TO PROJECTING INDUSTRY STRUCTUREAsmentionedpreviously,FloridaAgency for WorkforceInnovationprojectsemployment,byindustry,fortwenty-fourWorkforceDevelopmentRegions.DeSoto,HardeeandHighlandsCountiesareinRegion 19. OkeechobeeCountyisoneoffourcountiesinRegion 20,PolkCountyisitsown region, Region 17.HillsboroughCountyalsoisitsown region, Region 15,andOrangeCountyis one of fivecountiesinRegion 12,butitisprojectedbyitselfbecauseitqualifiesasa "largesinglecounty".Andof coursethestateeconomy overallisprojected.Thenationalindustry/occupationalmatrixandprojectionspreparedbytheU.S.DepartmentofLaborareregionalized bythisagency tothestateandtothesetwenty-fourdevelopmentregions.Theyarelong-termprojections,updatednationallyeveryotheryear,withthemostrecentFloridaprojections fortheyears1998to2008.Theindustrydetailisatthetwo-digitSICcode level,andcorrespondsto "coveredemployment"estimates(ES-202 data).Thereisalagof six-to-ninemonthsintheavailabilityofemploymentbyindustrydata,itthentakessometimeisneededtocalibrateandfinalizetheworkforce agency's modelsandprojections.Inearly2001,theten-yearprojectionshave1998asthelastdetailedactualemploymentnumbers.But1999isavailable,asarethefirsttwoquartersof 2000.Majorindustrygroupingscanbe developed for 2000withtheconstructionof county-level,major-industry,seasonalityfactors.Fromthere,assumptionscanbemadetospreadthesemajorindustrytotalsdown tothetwodigitlevel,whichthenserveasthebasisfor a projection.Becausequiteabitisknownastowhathappenedsince 1998,itwouldbe foolishnottoincorporaterecentdataintoa projection. Therefore,theyear2000estimateshaveservedasthestartingpointfortheseprojections.Andthelonger-termtwo-digitindustrygrowthrateshavebeenconvertedto geometricmeans,orcompoundannualgrowthrates,andusedtoprojectouttotheyear2005.Thetwo-digitindustryoutcomesthenserveasweightstocalculatemajorindustryemploymentgrowth.Thereissomedetailtoallofthis,butitisfairlymechanical,thatis,whenstartingfromtherelativelysophisticatedAgency for WorkforceInnovationsindustry/occupationalprojections.Theresultsofthisapproachareprovided foreachofthefiveCentralFloridaRegionalPlanningCouncilcountiesandthecomparisonareas,inthisnextsection.PROJECTED COUNTY-LEVEL EMPLOYMENT GROWTHTheresultsoftheseprojectionsshouldbe qualified first.Theyarebasedontheprojections oftheFloridaAgency for Workforce Innovation.Andassuch,individualcountieswillnotdeviategreatlyfromtheirregion projection,exceptfor:1)thecompositionofindustriespresentineachcounty,and2)whatactuallyhashappenedineachcountyinemploymentbyindustrysince 1998. One-countyregionsorprojectedareas,likeHillsboroughandOrangewouldnotdeviateatall,exceptthattwoyearsofactualchangeinemploymenthashappened.Andmulti-countyregions, like DeSoto,HardeeandHighlands,shouldlookverysimilar,exceptthatbothtwoyearsofactualchangehashappened,andeachcountyhasitsownuniquemixof two-digitindustriesthatserveasthebasisfortheirprojections.Onthatbasis,the31

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resultsareprovidedfirst,inTable21 for AllIndustriesandTotalNon-Government,orPrivate,for 2000-2005,andthenbymajorindustrygroup forthesameperiod, foreachoftheindividualcounties,inindividualtables(Tables 22-29).Itisnotsurprisingthattheresultsvarybycounty.Againthesearelonger-termprojections, sothereistimefor recovery fromanytemporarycessationofgrowthinthecurrentslowdown. Assuchtheyaregenerallypositive,butreflectwhatislikelytobeslowergrowthinmoreruralareas,andfastergrowthinmoreurbanareas.Andtheindividualcountieswill growessentiallyasaweighted-averageoftheexpectedgrowthinthespecificindustriesthatarepresentintheireconomies.Theindividualcountyprojectedgrowthrates,intotalemploymentandtotalprivateemployment,for 2000to 2005areasfollows: COUNTY TOTAL PRIVATE DeSotoCounty4.7%3.3%HardeeCounty4.8% 3.6%HighlandsCounty7.1% 6.8% OkeechobeeCounty9.1% 8.9%PolkCounty9.0% 8.9%HillsboroughCounty12.7%13.2%OrangeCounty14.9% 15.3%Florida11.5% 11.9%32

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TABLE21HISTORICALANDPROJECTEDEMPLOYMENTGROWTHTOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES Projectedto 20M HistoricalProj.AREA1990 1996 2000 2006 1990-96 1995-00 DeSoto County 7,994 8,878 8,5768,977 11.1% -3.4% 4.7%HardeeCounty 6,821 7,689 6,895 7,223 12.7% -10.3% 4.8% Highlands County 20,479 22,460 22,90024,519 9.7% 2.0% 7.1% Okeechobee County 7,762 8,815 9,705 10,588 13.6%10.1% 9.1% Polk County 157,062 165,255181,900198,349 5.2% 10.1% 9.0%----......................................... _...........................-....._-..-_..--................................._-----.......---.............................................--...--..............--_.............-..__..................-......----Central FloridaRegion 200,118 213,097 229,976 249,656 6.5% 7.9% 8.6% Hillsborough County 440,584 492,841 591,832 667,131 11.9% 20.1% 12.7% Orange County 429,105 489,690 612,941 704,307 14.1% 25.2% 14.9%Stateof Florida 5,407,000 6,009,000 7,069,000 7,883,000 11.1% 17.6% 11.5%PRIVATEEMPLOYMENTGROWTHTOTAL NON-GOVERNMENT 1990-2000,Projectedto 2005 HistoricalProj.AREA1990 1995 2000 2006 1990-95 1995-00 .2000-05 De Soto County 4,744 5,741 5,849 6,043 21.0% 1.9% 3.3%HardeeCounty 5,4685,986 5,196 5,384 9.5% -13.2% 3.6%HighlandsCounty 16,63418,764 18,933 20,216 12.8% 0.9% 6.8% Okeechobee County 6,417 7,326 7,895 8,599 14.2% 7.8% 8.9% Polk County 134,074 140,529154,660 168,446 4.8% 10.1% 8.9%.......-_.............--_.. .......__...........-.._.........---...-_....................-............_.................---......................._.-...--_......-........_-...-.......................-...---...................._................_---............... Central FloridaRegion 167,337 178,346 192,533 208,688 6.6% 8.0% 8.4% Hillsborough County 378,681 426,956 521,954 590,849 12.7% 22.3% 13.2%OrangeCounty 381,037 438,900 553,969 638,841 15.2% 26.2% 15.3% State of Florida 4,572,000 5,107,000 6,093,000 6,818,000 11.7% 19.3% 11.9% SOURCES; U.S.Bureauof LaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor, FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation, Est.33

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Tables22-29thatfollow, providedetailsforeachoftheindividualcounties,withalltheinformationthatisinthesummarytable,andalsodataformajorindustrygroups--thatis,agriculture,construction,manufacturing,utilities,tradefinance services,andgovernment.Againtotalnumbersofjobsareprovidedbyeachofthesemajorindustrygroupings, foreachoftheyears1990,1995, 2000,and2005.Andthefive-yeargrowthratesforeachoftheseperiods ofchangeareincludedforeachoftheseindustries,foreachofthecounties.34

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TABLE 22 HISTORICAL ANDPROJECTEDGROWTHINEMPLOYMENTDe Soto County1990 -2000,Projected to 2001) GROWTH RATES Est.Pl'Oj.Historical Projected1990 1993 2000 2003 1990-93 1993-00 2000-03 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES7,994 8,8788,5768,977 11.1% -3.4% 4.7%TOTAL PRIVATE4,744 5,741 5,849 6,043 21.0% 1.9% 3.3%Agriculture1,555 2,631 2,616 2,591 69.2% .6% -1.0%Construction&Mining254 168 320 337 -33.9% 90.5% 5.3%Manufacturing480 106225215 -77.9% 112.3% -4.4%Utilities&Communication136155899314.0% -42.6% 4.5%Wholesale&Retail Trade1,293 1,440 1,440 1,531 11.4% 0.0% 6.3%Finance188 166177180 -11.7% 6.6% 1.7%Services838 1,075 982 1,096 28.3% .7% 11.6%TOTAL GOVERNMENT3,250 3,137 2,727 2,934 -3.5% .1% 7.6% Federal 555069 69 -9.1% 38.0% 0.0%State2,348 2,038 1,6471,757 -13.2% -19.2% 6.7%Local847 1,049 1,011 1,108 23.8% -3.6% 9.6%SOURCES:U.s.BureauofLabor Statistics, FL.Departmentof Labor, FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation, USF.CEDR Est.35

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TABLE23HISTORICAL AND PROJECTEDGROwrUIN EMPLOYMENTHardee County 1990 2000,Projectedto 2006 GROWTH RATESEst.Proj.Historical Projected 1990 1995 2000 2005 1990-96 1993-00 2000-06 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 6,821 7,689 6,895 7,223 12.7% -10.3% 4.8% TOTAL PRIVATE 5,4685,986 5,196 5,384 9.5% -13.2% 3.6% Agriculture 2,350 2,677 2,064 2,040 13.9% -22.9% -1.2% Construction & Mining 162 306 180 190 88.9% -41.2% 5.6% Manufacturing 320 239 209 201 -25.3% -12.6% -3.8% Utilities & Communication 133 117 128 133 -12.0% 9.4% 3.9% Wholesale & RetailTrade1,424 1,4131,1591,218 -0.8% -18.0% 5.1% Finance 198 232252 246 17.2% 8.6% -2.4% Services8811,002 1,204 1,356 13.7% 20.2% 12.6% TOTAL GOVERNMENT 1,353 1,703 1,699 1,839 25.9% -0.2% 8.2%Federal5448 65 65 -11.1% 35.4% 0.0%State184 597 554 591 224.5% -7.2% 6.7% Local 1,115 1,058 1,080 1,183 -5.1% 2.1% 9.5% SOURCES: U.S.Bureauof LaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor, FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation, USF-CEDR Est.36

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TABLE 24HISTORICALANDPROJECTEDGROWTHINEMPLOYMENTHighlands County1990 2000,Projected to 2005 GROWTH RATESEst.Proj. Historical Projected1990 1995 2000 2006 1990-93 199$-002060-01S TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES20,47922,46022,900 24,519 9.7% 2.0% 7.1%TOTAL PRIVATE16,634 18,764 18,933 20,216 12.8% 0.9% 6.8% Agriculture 3,079 3,524 3,3963,355 14.5% -3.6% -1.2%Construction&Mining1,116 1,051 952 1,003 .8% -9.4% 5.4%Manufacturing1,250 1,358 1,218 1,166 8.6% -10.3% -4.3%Utilities&Communication604 624 659 688 3.3% 5.6% 4.4%Wholesale&Retail Trade5,6105,758 5,4155,781 2.6% -6.0% 6.8%Finance1,033 852 665 688 -17.5%-21.9% 3.5%Services3,942 5,597 6,628 7,535 42.0% 18.4%13.7%TOTAL GOVERNMENT3,8453,696 3,967 4,303 -3.9% 7.3% 8.5%Federal330 293 330332 -11.2% 12.6% 0.6%State465 403409436 -13.3% 1.5% 6.6%Local3,050 3,000 3,2283,535 -1.6% 7.6% 9.5%SOURCES:U.s. Bureauof Labor Statistics, FL. Department of Labor, FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation, USFCEDR Est.37

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TABLE 25 HISTORICAL AND PROJECTEDGROwrHIN EMPLOYMENTOkeechobee County 1990 2000, Projectedto2006 GROWTHRATESEst.Proj.HistoricalProjected1990 1995 2000 2006 1990-95 1995-00 2000-06 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES7,762 8,815 9,705 10,588 13.6% 10.1% 9.1%TOTAL PRIVATE6,417 7,3267,895 8,599 14.2% 7.8% 8.9%Agriculture1,626 1,839 1,698 1,641 13.1% -7.7% -3.4%Construction&Mining486368510 543 -24.3% 38.6% 6.5%Manufacturing275 170166 173 -38.2% -2.4% 4.2%Utilities&Communication178 196 473 523 10.1% 141.3% 10.6%Wholesale&Retail Trade2,045 2,606 2,553 2,821 27.4% -2.0% 10.5%Finance272 233 238 250 -14.3% 2.1% 5.0%Services1,535 1,914 2,257 2,648 24.7% 17.9% 17.3% toTAL GOVERNMENT1,345 1,489 1,810 1,989 10.7% 21.6% 9.9%Federal82 72 8896-12.2% 22.2% 9.1%State183 254 474 501 38.8% 86.6% 5.7%Local1,080 1,163 1,248 1,392 7.7% 7.3% 11.5%SOURCES: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, FL. Department of Labor, FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation, USF.CEDR Est.38

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TABLE 26HISTORICALANDPROJECTED GROwrHINEMPLOYMENTPolk County1990 2000, Projectedto 2005 GROWTHRATESEst.Proj.HistoricalProjected. 1990 1995 2000 2005 1990..951991S-002000-05 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES157,062 165,255 181,900 198,349 5.2% 10.1% 9.0%TOTAL PRIVATE134,074 140,529 154,660168,446 4.8% 10.1% 8.9%Agriculture8,700 10,076 8,211 8,234 15.8% -18.5% 0.3%Construction&Mining12,38211,299 12,339 12,581 -8.7% 9.2% 2.0%Manufacturing22,35220,310 19,737 19,745 -9.1%-2.8% 0.0%Utilities&Communication7,032 8,123 8,922 10,042 15.5% 9.8% 12.6%Wholesale&Retail Trade42,327 44,769 50,946 55,534 5.8% 13.8% 9.0%Finance7,861 7,497 8,565 9,664 -4.6% 14.2%12.8%Services33,420 38,455 45,940 52,646 15.1% 19.5% 14.6%TOTAL GOVERNMENT22,988 24,72627,24029,903 7.6% 10.2% 9.8%Federal1,482 1,396 1,697 1,766 -5.8% 21.6% 4.1%State3,904 4,416 4,570 4,819 13.1% 3.5% 5.4%Local17,602 18,914 20,973 23,318 7.5% 10.9% 11.2%SOURCES:U.s.Bureau of Labor Statistics, FL. Department of Labor, FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation, USF-CEDR Est.39

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TABLE 27HISTORICALANDPROJECTED GROWTHINEMPLOYMENTHillsborough County 1990 2000,Projected to 2006 GROWTH RATESEst.Proj.HistoricalProjected 1900 1996 2000 2006 1990-96 1995-00 2000-05 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 440,584 492,841 591,832 667,131 11.9% 20.1% 12.7% TOTAL PRIVATE 378,681 426,956 521,954 590,849 12.7% 22.3% 13.2% Agriculture 11,363n,69211,946 11,978 2.9% 2.2% 0.3% Construction&Mining 22,932 22,22628,602 30,520 -3.1% 28.7% 6.7%Manufacturing40,059 35,93337,892 39,718 -10.3% 5.5% 4.8%Utilities&Communication 25,412 26,461 32,807 36,741 4.1% 24.0% 12.0% Wholesale&RetailTrade114,563 121,382 129,860137,808 6.0% 7.0% 6.1% Finance 34,928 37,969 47,266 52,831 8.7% 24.5% 11.8% Services 129,424 171,293 233,581 281,253 32.4%36.4% 20.4% TOTAL GOVERNMENT 61,90365,88569,878 76,282 6.4% 6.1% 9.2% Fedel'al 10,892 10,615 11,64812,156 -2.5% 9.7% 4.4%State13,611 14,732 16,256 17,662 8.2% 10.3% 8.6% Local 37,400 40,538 41,974 46,464 8.4% 3.5% 10.7% SOURCES:u.s.Bureauof Labor Statistics,FL.Department of Labor, FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation,USF-CEDR Est.40

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TABLE 28 HISTORICALANDPROJECTED GROWTH IN EMPLOYMENTOrange County1990 2000,Projectedto 2005 GROWTH RATESEst. Proi.HistoricalProjected1990 1991S 2000 2001)1990-91S1995-00 2000-01STOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES429,105 489,690 612,941 704,307 14.1% 25.2% 14.9%TOTALPRNATE381,037 438,900 553,969 638,841 15.2% 26.2% 15.3%Agriculture8,304 8,715 8,729 9,058 4.9% 0.2% 3.8%Construction&Mining24,895 22,640 28,673 31,322 -9.1% 26.6% 9.2%Manufacturing38,98133,72737,34237,912 -13.5% 10.7% 1.5%Utilities&Communication25,463 29,526 34,196 38,949 16.0%15.8% 13.9% Wholesale & Retail Trade105,411 114,159 138,397 156,934 8.3% 21.2% 13.4%Finance25,948 29,244 33,645 38,127 12.7% 15.0% 13.3%Services152,035 200,889 272,987 326,539 32.1% 35.9% 19.6%TOTAL GOVERNMENT48,068 50,790 58,972 65,466 5.7% 16.1% 11.0% Federal 8,838 6,997 7,638 7,514 .8% 9.2% .6% State9,117 10,657 12,322 13,814 16.9% 15.6% 12.1%Local30,11333,136 39,012 44,138 10.0% 17.7% 13.1%SOURCES:U.s.BureauofLabor Statistics, FL. Department of Labor, FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation, USF-CEDR Est.41

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TABLE29HISTORICAL ANDPROJECTEDGROWfHIN EMPLOYMENT State of I<1orida1990 2000.Projected to 200li GROWTH RAtES Est.Proj.HistoricalProjected(ThousandsofJobs)1990 1995 2000 2005 1990-95 1995-00 2000-06 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 5,407 6,009 7,069 7,883 11.1%17.6% 11.5% TOTAL PRIVATE 4,572 5,107 6,093 6,818 11.7% 19.3% 11.9% Agriculture 144 153150153 6.3% -2.0% 2.0% Construction & Mining 332311396 427 -6.3% 27.3% 7.8% Manufacturing 520 480 485 492 .7% 1.0% 1.4% Utilities & Communication 268 295 35038810.1% 18.6% 10.9% Wholesale & RetailTrade1,455 1,5791,7841,953 8.5% 13.0% 9.5% Finance 366 372 437 480 1.6% 17.5% 9.8% Services 1,4871,917 2,491 2,925 28.9% 29.9% 17.4% TOTAL GOVERNMENT 835902976 1,065 8.0% 8.2% 9.1%Federal126 120 126 128 -4.8% 5.0% 1.6%State178 199 214 233 11.8% 7.5% 8.9% wcal 531 583 636704 9.8% 9.1% 10.7% SOURCES:U.s.BureauofLabor Statistics, FL.DepartmentofLabor, FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation, USF-CEDR Est.42

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EDUCATIONOVERVIEWEducationisanimportantfoundationfor workforcedevelopmentandsocietalcontribution.Awell-educatedpopulacecontributesinmanywaystotheeconomicandsocial well-being of a community.Thelackofproperandwidespreadeducationalattainmentontheotherhand,hasaverysubtleandlong-termcorrosive effectinademocratizedfree-marketeconomy.Thuseducationiseithertreatedandmeasuredasitsownend-product,oritislargelyglossed overbecauseofthedifficultyofseeingandlinkingittoacommunity'swell-being.Butagain,itispartofa region's economic foundation.Andassuch,measuresofitsrelativesuccessshouldbeviewedasimportant.Theeducationalsystemcanbethoughtofasaproductionfunction,intermsofassessingitseffectiveness. Aregionaleducationsystembeginswithstudentsinclassrooms,addsteachersandotherprofessionals,andspendsmoneyonvariouseducationalresourcesto provide aproperlearningenvironment.Thesearetheinputs,andwecanmeasurethem.Oneobviousoutputmeasureiswhetherstudentscompletetheprocess, i.e.dropoutandgraduationrates.We alsowanttomeasurewhattheyhavelearned,andthedegree towhichstudentsarepreparedtogoonto college. Historically,HSCTscores gaveusanindicationofwhatstudentshavelearned,andmorerecently, FCATresults.AndtheSAT,andthepercentageofstudentstakingit, giveusagaugeofthosethatarecollege-bound.Andfinally postgraduate,wecanmeasurewhatstudentsaredoingwiththeireducationcontinuingit,orfindingemployment.EDUCATION MEASURESTable30isasummaryofkeyeducationmeasuresforeachofthefivecountiesinCentralFlorida,HillsboroughandOrangeCountiesandthestate.Includedareseveralinput,output,andpost-graduatemeasuresoftheperformanceoftheeducationalsystems.Thebroadestinputmeasure,CostperRegularPupil,isconsistentacrossallareas,includingthecomparisonareas,withHardeeCountyspendingthemost.Theaverageexpenditureacrossthefive-county regionisrightatthestateaverageofabout$4,250perstudent.Thisisabovetheaverageexpenditureinbothmetrocountiesbyabout6.5percent.Average Class SizeinLanguageclasses,andforthatmatterforalltypesofclasses,isrelativelylow formostofthesemoreruralcountieswiththeexceptionofHighlandsCountyat28.0pupilsperclass.Additionalinputmeasuresareprovidedinsubsequenttablesbycounty.Theconclusionisthattheresourceinputsinthesemoreruralschoolsarecomparabletothosearoundthestate.Thequestiontheniswhatresultsdotheyproduce?43

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Thinkingoftheschoolsystemsasaninput-outputproductionfunction,withthe"input"measuresbeingverymuchthesamehere,themeasuresof"output"becomeimportantgaugesofproductivity. Tworepresentativetypesofsuchmeasuresare,GraduationRate,andFCAT scores.Gaugingoutputamongtheseschool systems,allbutPolkCountyareabovethestateaveragewithgraduationrates.(The significantly lowergraduationratesinPolkandOrangeCountiesshouldbe aredflag tothesesystems.)Buttheconclusionthattheruralcountieshaveaslightcompetitiveadvantageisnoteworthy.Itwouldbeimportantnotto losethatadvantageasinnovationandtechnologycontinuestoraisethebar.FCAT scores provideanothermeasureofeducationattainment.OkeechobeeCountyhassomebasisfor concernaboutthe"quality"oftheiroutput(seeTable30).TheFCAT scoresbeingcomparedhereareinreading,andthismaybe alanguageprobleminthestudentpopulation.Thisof coursewouldcarrythroughtomathandscience,becauselanguageistheprocessingskillforallareasof knowledge. Schooldistrictsshouldbe mindful,andresponsible, forthequalityoftheproducttheyproduce.Potentialemployersandthegeneralcommunitybenefitfromthesocialandpoliticalcontributionofaneducatedpopulace.Finallyintermsofpost-graduateactivity,thetwokeymeasuresarePercentageContinuingEducationandPercentageEmployed Full-Time.Themeasuresarenotmutuallyexclusive.Theeducationestablishmentdoesnottoreportthosewhoareneitherinpost-secondaryeducationalprogramsorgainfully employed (full-orparttime).Butthesemeasuresarequitetelling.Inparticular,studentsinthesecountiespursueadvancededucationinsomewhatlessernumbers,andfind fewer economicopportunities.DeSotoCountystandsoutwitha noticeablylowerpercentageofitshighschoolgraduatespursuingfurthereducation,at36.0percent,comparedtoover50percentforthestateandmetroareas.AndHighlands'15.6percentofgraduateswhoareemployed full-time, is lowrelativetotheotherfourcountiesintheCentralFloridaregionandthestate.44

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TRENDSANDCOUNTY COMPARISONSMoredetailedmeasuresofinputs,outputs,andpost-graduateactivity, forthelastfour school years,arecontainedinthecountyby -countytables(Tables 31-38).Perhapsthebestwaytosummarizethesedataisto lookatthembycounty.TheinputmeasuresareOverallCostperPupil, CostperRegularPupil, AverageClassSize-Language, AverageClassSize-Math,TeacherExperienceinyears,andPercentageofTeacherswithAdvanced Degrees.OutputmeasuresaretheDropoutRate,GraduationRate,HSCTscoresinCommunicationsandMathematics,FCAT scoresin10thgradeReadingandMathematics,andSATMeanScoresandthePercentageof12thGradersTested.Post-GraduatemeasuresincludethePercentageContinuingEducation,bothwithandwithoutwork,andthePercentageEmployed,bothfull-andpart-time.Overalltrendsaresummarizedbycounty, below. DESOTO:Expenditureslagsomewhatfromthestateandregionalnorms,andhavegrownslightlylessthanthesecomparativeareasaswell.Butclass sizesandteachercredentialsareinlinewiththenon-metro counties.Inputsarenota problem.Outputscompare very favorably, including dropoutandgraduationrates,andtheHSCTandFCATmeasures.Andthegauge of college-boundstudents,SAT scoresandthepercentagetested,arenotfaroffthestatenumbers.Anareaof concernisthepercentageofstudentscontinuingtheireducation.Thisislowevenincomparisonwithotherruralcounties. HARDEE:Thiscountyisrightatthestateaveragesinallinputmeasuresexceptthepercentageofteacherswithadvanceddegrees.Andtheoutputmeasurescomparewelltoo. WhiletheFCATreadingsareoff some fromthestatenorms,theHSCTscoreshavebeenconsistentlyatorabovethestatenumbers.ThequalityofstudentsinHardeeCountyis good. Onlytheverylowpercentageofstudentsthatarecollegeboundisanissuethatshouldbe explored.HardeeCountygraduatesareslightlyabovethestateinsecuringemployment,andevenbetterinfull-time work. HIGHLANDS:Highlandsisinlinewiththestateandthisnormregiononmeasuresofeducationalinputs.Andoutputresultsarequitegood, especiallywhencomparedtotheseotherruralcounties. College-boundratesarelow,althoughthepercentagecontinuingsome form ofeducationisjustslightly belowthestateaverage.Employmentsuccessisinlinewiththerestofthestate.OKEECHOBEE:Inputscompare wellwiththeregion,withclass sizesinparticularbeingsmaller.Outputmeasuresarerightonstateaveragesexcept for FCAT scores.Butagain,likeHardeeCounty,HSCTscoreshavebeenthesameasthestateoverall,consistentlyover time,andlikelyisjustamatterofgettingadjustedtothenewFCATtestingandscoring procedures.Andon allpost-graduatemeasures,OkeechobeeCountycouldnotbe more likethestate.Forarelativelyruralarea,thisiscommendable. POLK:PolkCountyisalsorightatthestateaverageswithvirtuallyallinputs,outputsandpost-graduatemeasures.Theystandoutnegativelywithahigherdropoutrateandlowergraduaterate,butpositivelywithgreatereconomicopportunityinpost-graduateemployment.45

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TABLE 30EDUCATIONKEY INPUT, OUTPUT AND POSTGRADUATE MEASURES AREAINPUTMEASURES OUTPUT MEASURES POST-GRADUA1'ECostperAvgLang Graduation FCAT % Contin. % Employ. Reg Pupil Class SizeRate Reading Education Full-TimeDeSoto County $4,187 23.0 67.5% 33% 36.0% 21.3% Hardee County $4,437 23.5 65.5% 29% 46.7% 27.1% Highlands County $4,132 28.0 64.7%36%47.9% 15.6% Okeechobee County $4,211 20.5 64.3% 23% 49.3% 18.5% Polk County $4,287 21:9 55.3%30%47.1% 23.6% Hillsborough County $4,052 22.7 71.4% 38% 50.0% 23.0% Orange County $3,934 25.4 49.5%36%54.0% 21.7%State of Florida $4,247 25.3 62.3% 33% 51.9% 19.3% SOURCE: FL. Department of Education46

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EDUCATION MEASURESDeSotoCountyStateofFlorida 95-96 96-97 97-9898-99 99-0095-9696-97 97-98 98-9999-00INPUTMEASURESOverallCostperPupil--4,243 4,376 4,558-4,507 4,6924,874CostperRegularPupil--3,930 4,0324,187-3,902 4,024 4,247 AverageClassSize-Language-16.1 22.4 22.3 23.0-22.8 25.6 25.7 25.3 AverageClassSize-Math-22.7 23.623.2 24.8-25.4 26.426.625.8TeachersExperience (yrs.)-13.314.013.7 13.8-12.6 12.3 12.5 12.9 Teachers Advanced Degrees -30.4% 28.3% 27.0% 27.8%-40.8% 39.8% 39.7% 39.5%OUTPUT MEASURESDropoutRate-4.6% 3.3% 5.4% 3.SOIo -4.3% 3.9% 5.4% 4.6% .po GraduationRate62.7% 67.5% 60.2%62.3% '-I ---HSCTCommunications-.70% 80% 75%-78% 81% 71% HSCTMathematics--76% 76% 55%-75% 77% 54% t"'I FCATReading-IO---.33%-.-33% FCATMathematics-IO--.-33%-54% l-l SATMeanScore-942928912919-997997 993995%12thGradersTested-33.5% 34.5% 48.5%41.7%-44.2% 42.2% 42.4% 45.9%POST-GRAD.MEASURES%ContinuingEducation-35.5% 39.0% 39.6% 36.0%-5(}.3%50.8% 49.8% 51.9% School Only-22.5% 16.3% 17.7%13.5%-23.4% 20.4% 18.8% 19.0% SchoolandWork-13.0% 22.7% 21.9%22.5%.26.9% 30.4% 31.0% 32.9% %Employed-47.9% 51.3% 54.0% 59.6%-50.8% 57.0% 57.3% 60.8%Full-Time-13.0% 12.4% 17.1% 21.3%-14.5% 10.8% 16.7% 19.3%Part-Time-34.9% 38.9% 36.9% 38.3%-36.3% 46.2%40.6% 41.5%Total-70.4% 67.6% 71.7%73.1%-74.2% 77.4% 76.1%79.8% SOURCE: FL.DepartmentofEducation

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EDUCATION MEASURESHardee CountyStateofFlorida 96-96 96-9797-98 98-99 99-00 96-9696-97 97-9898-99 9f}..OO INPUT OverallCostperPupil-4,391 4,562 4,891-4,5074,6924,874CostperRegularPupil-4,219 4,407 4,437--3,902 4,024 4,247 Average Class Size-Language17.7 22.4 22.8 23.5-22.8 25.6 25.7 25.3 AverageClassSize-Math 23.0 22.5 21.9 23.425.426.4 26.6 25.8Teachers Experience (yrs.)-13.3 13.5 13.8 13.6 -12.6 12.3 12.5 12.9Teachers Advanced Degrees 28.2%25.0% 25.0% 21.5% 40.8% 39.8%39.7% 39.5%OUTPUT MEASURESDropoutRate 5.00A! 6.2% 8.8% 5.6%-4.3% 3.9% 5.4% 4.6%GraduationRate 65.0% 65.5% -.60.2% 62.3% +:'00HSCTCommunications -74% 82% 70%-.78%81%71%HSCTMathematics-74% 84% 73%--75% 77% 54% t"4 FCATReading-l0--29%-. 33% t.2!J FeATMathematics-l0.44%--54% l>Q SATMeanScore955 968 1,041 1,064-997997993995 %12thGradersTested11.9% 15.8% 8.1% 6.0%-44.2% 42.2%42.4% 45.9%POST-GRAD. MEASURES % Continuing Education-48.2% 43.6% 31.8% 46.7%-50.3% 50.8% 49.8% 51.9% SchoolOnly-21.1% 22.6% 9.1% 17.3%23.4% 20.4% 18.8%19.0% SchoolandWork27.1% 21.00A! 22.7% 29.4%-26.9% 30.4%31.0% 32.9%%Employed-47.0% 56.4% 57.2% 64.9%-50.8% 57.0% 57.3% 60.8% Full-Time 9.6% 18.3% 17.4% 27.1%-14.5%10.8% 16.7% 19.3%Part-Time37.4%38.1% 39.8% 37.8% 36.3% 46.2% 40.6% 41.5%Total-68.1% 79.0%66.3% 82.2%-74.2% 77.4% 76.1% 79.8% SOURCE:FL. Department ofEducation

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EDUCATION MEASURESHighlands CountyStateofFlorida 95-9696-97 97-9898-99 99-00 95-96 96-97 97-98 98-99 99-00 INPVT MEASURES OveJ'all CostperPupil -4,591 4,749 4,8874,5074,692 4,874CostperRegularPupil 3,967 4,078 4,132-3,902 4,024 4,247 AverageClassSize-Language 19.5 27.026.428.0-22.825.625.7 25.3 AverageClassSize-Math 18.125.526.427.025.4 26.4 26.6 25.8TeachersExperience (yrs.)-14.0 13.0 12.5 13.7 12.6 12.3 12.5 12.9TeachersAdvancedDegrees-28.7% 31.4% 35.2% 34.1% 40.8% 39.8% 39.7%39.5%OUTPUT MEASURES Dropout Rate5.7% 5.9% 4.2% 5.9%-4.3% 3.9% 5.4% 4.6%GraduationRate-70.0% 64.7%-.60.2% 62.3%HSCTCommunications-75% 86% 80%--78% 81% 71% +:HSCTMathematics 65%80% 60%--75% 77% 54% !:"41.0 FCATReading-l0-..36% -.33% trJ FCATMathematics-1O .54%.-54% SATMeanScore1,008 1,011 986 1,000-997 997993995%12thGradersTested 26.2% 27.7% 3l.goA! 29.2% 44.2% 42.2% 42.4% 45.9%POST-GRAD. MEASURES%ContinuingEducation52.3% 55.2% 48.9% 47.9%-50.3% 50.8% 49.8% 51.9% School Only 23.4% 20.0% 17.9% 16.1% 23.4% 20.4% 18.8% 19.0% SchoolandWork28.9% 35.2% 31.0% 31.8% 26.9% 30.4% 31.0% 32.9&16 %Employed 48.9% 58.0%54.5% 60.2%-50.8% 57.0% 57.3% 60.8% Full-Time 10.9% 9.0% 13.2% 15.6%-14.5% 10.8% 16.7% 19.3%Part-Time 38.0% 49.0% 41.3% 44.6%-36.3% 46.2% 40.6%41.5%Total-72.3%78.0% 72.4% 76.3%74.2% 77.4% 76.1% 79.8% SOURCE: FL.DepartmentofEducation

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EDUCATION MEASURESOkeechobeeCountyStateofFlorida 96-9696-97 97-9898-99 99-0091)-96 96-9797-98 98-9999-00INPUT MEASURESOverallCostperPupil--4,406 4,452 4,667--4,507 4,6924,874CostperRegularPupil--3,9694,088 4,211--3,902 4,024 4,247Average Class Size-Language20.6 22.6 23.5 20.5 22.825.6 25.725.3Average Class Size-Math-20.8 24.1 21.7 22.1-25.4 26.4 26.6 25.8TeachersExperience (yrs.)-13.2 13.4 13.6 14.9-12.6 12.3 12.5 12.9TeachersAdvanced Degrees-26.8% 23.3% 26.4% 25.3%-40.8% 39.8% 39.7% 39.5%OUTPUT MEASURESDropoutRate-7.6% 6.3%6.6% 5.4%-4.3% 3.9% 5.4% 4.6%GraduationRate-.62.7% 64.3%-60.2% 62.3% HScr Communications-78% 80% 72%-78% 81% 71% HSCTMathematics-77% 74% 54%--75% 77% 54% FCATReading-l0--23%-33% tr.1 FCATMathematics-l0---44% ---54% jj;l.VI 0SATMean Score 925 942915 949-997 997993 995-%12thGradersTested36.3010 28.1% 42.6% 42.3OA> -44.2% 42.2% 42.4% 45.9%POST-GRAD.MEASURES%Continuing Education-48.9% 40.5% 41.0% 49.3%-50.3% 50.8% 49.8% 51.9%School Only.21.6% 11.7% 17.6% 19.0%-23.4% 20.4% 18.8% 19.0%SchoolandWork.27.3% 28.8% 23.4% 30.3%-26.9% 30.4%31.0% 32.9% %Employed-53.2% 58.0% 56.6% 60.5%-50.8% 57.0% 57.3% 60.8%Full-Time-14.7%14.2% 20.5% 18.5%-14.5% 10.8% 16.7% 19.3% Part-Time -38.5% 43.8% 36.1% 42.0%36.3% 46.2% 40.6% 41.5%Total-74.8% 69.7% 74.2% 79.5%74.2% 77.4% 76.1% 79.8%SOURCE: FL.DepartmentofEducation

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EDUCATION MEASURESPolkCountyStateofFlorida 95-96 96-97 97-98 98.99 99-00 95-96 96-97 97.9898-9999-60 INPUTMEASURESOverallCost pel'Pupil4,391 4,614 4,965 4,507 4,692 4,874CostperRegularPupil3,796 4,042 4,287 3,902 4,024 4,247 AverageClass Size-Language17.9 21.7 21.9 21.9-22.8 25.6 25.725.3 AverageClassSize-Math 20.5 24.3 25.0 23.3 25.4 26.4 26.6 25.8TeachersExperience (yrs.) 13.6 13.3 13.0 13.0 12.6 12.3 12.5 12.9TeachersAdvanced Degrees -22.1% 20.0% 18.5%14.8% 40.8% 39.8% 39.7% 39.5%OUTPUT MEASURESDropoutRate 7.0% 7.2% 8.7% 5.9%4.3% 3.9% 5.4% 4.6%GraduationRate53.3% 55.3% 60.2% 62.3%HSmCommunications-78% 84% 75% -78%81%71% HSCTMathematics 75% 82% 62% 75% 77% 54% t"'I FeATReading-IO-.30%33% tr;f FCATMathematics-l0 .54%54% Q1 SATMeanScore 989988985984 997 997993995%12thGradersTested 41.2% 40.4% 38.7% 42.6%44.2% 42.2% 42.4% 45.9%POST-GRAD. MEASURES%ContinuingEducation 45.1% 44.2% 44.9%47.1% 50.3%50.8% 49.8% 51.9% School Only 21.3% 15.9% 15.6% 15.7%23.4% 20.4% 18.8% 19.0% SchoolandWork 23.8% 28.3% 29.3% 31.4% 26.9% 30.4% 31.0% 32.9% % Employed52.3% 60.5% 62.8% 65.1% 50.8% 57.0% 57. SOh 60.8%FullTime-16.6% 13.1% 21.3% 23.6% 14.5%10.8% 16-.7% 19.3%Part-Time 35.7% 47.4% 41.5% 41.5% 36.3% 46.2% 40.6% 41.5%Total 73.6% 76.4% 78.4% 80.8%-74.2% 77.4% 76.1% 79.8% SOURCE: FL. Department ofEducation

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EDUCATION MEASURESHillsborough CountyStateofFlorida 95-9696-97 97-9898-9999-00 9696-97 97-9898-99 99-00 INPUT MEASURESOverallCostperPupil 4,340 4,666 4,838 4,507 4,6924,874CostperRegularPupil -3,742 3,840 4,052-3,902 4,024 4,247 Average Class Size-Language28.2 23.522.7 22.7-22.8 25.625.725.3AverageClassSize-Math-30.7 24.825.6 24.8-25.4 26.426.6 25.8TeachersExperience (yrs.)12.8 12.512.5 12.5 12.6 12.3 12.5 12.9TeachersAdvanced Degrees43.4% 41.8% 41.6% 41.6%-40.8% 39.8% 39.7% 39.5%OUTPUT MEASURESDropoutRate5.0% 6.4% 4.2% 2.6%-4.3% 3.9% 5.4% 4.6%GraduationRate--69.5% 71.4% .60.2%62.3% VI NHScrCommunications-81% 89% 78% -78% 81% 71%HScrMathematics82% 89% 66% -75% 77%54% FCATReading-l038% -33%FCATMathematics-1O--58%---54% SATMeanScore1,024 1,021 1,0121,011 997 997993995%12thGradersTested-51.7% 48.3% 50.0% 57.2%44.2% 42.2% 42.4%45.9%POST-GRAD. MEASURES%ContinuingEducation-50.2%51.2% 50.9%50.0% 50.3% 50.8% 49.8% 51.9% School Only 21.5% 18.4% 17.8%16.2% 23.4% 20.4% 18.8% 19.0% SchoolandWork-28.7% 32.8% 33.1% 33.8%-26.9% 30.4% 31.0% 32.9% %Employed-55.7% 62.3% 64.3% 64.7%-50.8% 57.00/0 57.3% 60.8% Full-Time 16.2% 13.0% 20.0% 23.0% 14.5% 10.8%16.7% 19.3%Part.Time 39.5% 49.3% 44.3% 41.7%36.3% 46.2% 40.6% 41.5%Total-77.2% 80.7% 82.1%80.9%-74.2% 77.4% 76.1% 79.8%SOURCE:FL.DepartmentofEducation

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EDUCATION MEASURESOrangeCounty Stateof Florida 96-96 96-97 97-98 98-99 99-00 95-96 96-97 97-98 98-99 99-00INPUTMEASURESOverallCostperPupil -4,3764,337 4,577 -4,507 4;692 4,874CostperRegularPupil -3,812 3,7763,9343,902 4,024 4,247 AverageClassSize-Language-22.9 25.925.625.4-22.8 25.6 25.725.3AverageClassSize.Math 26.9 27.1 27.2 27.9 25.4 26.426.625.8TeachersExperience (yrs.) 12.3 11.4 11.3 12.5 12.6 12.3 12.5 12.9TeachersAdvancedDegrees-38.4%37.1%36.7% 36.8%-40.8% 39.8%39.7% 39.5%OUTPUT MEASURESDropoutRate 4.7% 5.2% 5.7% 6.8% 4.3% 3.9% 5.4% 4.6%GraduationRate51.3% 49.5% .-60.2% 62.3% \Jl HSCTCommunications-76% 82% 72% 78% 81% 71% w-HSCTMathematics-71% 78% 53% 75%77% 54% FCATReading-lO--36% -. 33%FCATMathematics-l0 -54% --54% -l SATMeanScore 9961,001999992 997997993995%12thGradersTested-45.5%45.9%43.9% 48.5% 44.2% 42.2% 42.4% 45.9%POST-GRAD. MEASURES%ContinuingEducation-44.8% 50.1% 46.6% 54.0% 50.3% 50.8% 49.8% 51.9% SchoolOnly-16.8% 17.2% 14.8% 17.2%-23.4% 20.4% 18.8% 19.0% SchoolandWork 28.0% 32.9% 31.8% 36.8% 26.9% 30.4%31.0% 32.9% %Employed 57.4% 62.6% 57.1% 64.4%50.8% 57.0% 57.3% 60.8%Full-Time 19.2% 11.6% 17.9% 21.7%-14.5% 10.8% 16.7% 19.3%Part-Time-38.2% 51.0% 39.2% 42.7%-36.3% 46.2% 40.6%41.5%Total-74.2% 79.8% 71.9% 81.6%-74.2% 77.4%76.1%79.8%SOURCE:FL.DepartmentofEducation

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EDUCATION MEASURESStateofFlorida 95-9 96-9797-98 98-99 99-00INPUT MEASURESOverall Costper Pupil-4,507 4,692 4,874 CostperRegularPupil--3,902 4,024 4,247 AverageClassSize-Language-22.8 25.6 25.7 25.3 AverageClassSize-Math-25.4 26.426.6 25.8Teachers Experience (yrs.)-12.6 12.3 12.5 12.9TeachersAdvanced Degrees40.8% 39.8% 39.7% 39.5%OUTPUT MEASURESDropoutRate 4.3% 3.9% 5.4% 4.6%GraduationRate --60.2% 62.3%HSCTCommunications-78% 81% 71% HSCTMathematics -75%77% 54% tootVI.J:'FCAT Reading-IO--33% trj FCATMathematics-lO-. -54% (Xl SAT Mean Score 997 997 993995%12thGradersTested44.2% 42.2%42.4%45.9% % Continuing Education 50.30.41 50.8% 49.8% 51.9% School Only23.4% 20.4% 18.8% 19.0% SchoolandWork26.9% 30.4% 31.00h 32.9% % Employed 50.8% 57.0% 57.3% 60.8% Full-Time 14.5%10.8%16.7% 19.3%Part-Time-36.3% 46.2%40.6% 41.5% Total 74.2%77.4% 76.1% 79.8% SOURCE: FL.DepartmentofEducation

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SOURCESOFCOUNTYINCOMEOVERVIEWOneofthebroadestgaugesofthestateofaneconomy,whetherfederal,stateof local,isincome.Itisparticularlyusefulfor lower levelsofgeographysuchascounties,becausegrossproductmeasuresexistonly fortheU.S.andthestates.So incomeanditssourcesandcharacteristicsprovidevaluableinsightsintothesizesandcompositionofthesecounty-level economies.Theapproachusedhereistooutlinethedifferentaspectsof income, providesummarytablesforthedatacompiledonvariousdimensions of income,andofferdetailinappendices,bycountyover time.PERSONAL INCOME SOURCESThepresentationof incomedatabeginswithpersonalincome,itssourcesandcharacteristics.Itrevealsmuchaboutthemakeupofanareabyexaminingtherelativecontributionsofearnedandunearned(dividendsandinterest,transferpayments)income,aswellastherole of proprietors' incomeasacontributorinadditiontowagesandbenefits.Inthemorerural,agriculturallyorientedeconomies,farmincome'sshareofthetotalincome becomes significant.Thenetinflowofincomeintothecountiesisgenerally positive,withvaryingdegreesofimportance,meaningthatresidentsinthesecountiesgooutsidetheirarea,earnincome,andthenbringitbacktothecountyto spend.Table39,PersonalIncome Sources, shows alesserrole ofearningsandagreaterroleoftransferpaymentsforthecountieswhencomparedtometroareas,reflectingsomewhatlower levelsofincome, on average.ThelargerproportionofretireesinHighlandsCountystandsoutclearlyinthedisproportionateshareofincomegeneratedbydividendsandinterestthere.Andthenatureofthesecounties' economies,withfewerlargecompany employers,increasestheimportanceofproprietors'income,inallbutPolkCounty.AlthoughevenPolkisstillaboveaverage.Proprietors'incomeisbothfarmandnon-farm,andfarmsprovide wageandbenefitincomeaswell. Sofarmincomeiscomprised of both.Comparedto only onepercentforthestate,andevenlessformetroareas,DeSoto,HardeeandOkeechobeeCountiesrelyonfarmsforabout10percentoftheirincomes. Finally,inallbutHighlandsCounty,thenetflow of incomeintothecountyispositive,andsignificantinamount.Noticethemetroareaswithnegative15-20percentincome flows.Thissupportsevidencethatresidentsearnnetincomeinsurroundingcounties.DetailsofPersonalIncomeandItsCharacteristics,bycounty,isinAppendixA.55

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AVERAGEWAGESBothaverageannualwages,bymajorindustrygroup by county,andaveragehourlywagesinselected occupationsbycountygivemeasuresofbothabsoluteandrelativecompensationforwageandsalarywork.Thefirstofthesetwo,inTable40,comparesaverageannualwagesacrossthecounties, byindustry.Notethesignificantlyhigherwagesinmanufacturing,anindustrythatnowisassociatedwithslowornegativeemploymentgrowth,andwithcyclicalemployment.Notealsothefairly lowcompensationintrade,anareaofstrongemploymentgrowth.Andgovernmentjobs,whichpaywellinmostareas,pay30-40percentmorethantheaveragefortheprivatesectorinthesecounties(all exceptPolkCounty).Itisnotthatgovernmentemploymentisbad,butitgenerallyisnotwhatisreliedonasagrowthindustry.AverageAnnualWages,byindustry,bycounty,aregiveninAppendixB.Averagehourlycompensationfor typical occupationsissummarizedinTable41.Thisisjustasampleofoccupationsbutdoesspantherangeofoccupationalgroupingsortype. More selections,andthecategories,areprovidedinanappendix.Fromthissample,thelargecounty smallcountydifferencesareapparent,asistechvs.non-techdifferentials. Again,PolkCountystandsoutassomethingbetweenthesemoreruralcountiesinCentralFloridaandthemetroareasthatbracketit.AverageHourlyWageRates,for selected occupations,areinAppendixC.MAJORINDUSTRYEMPLOYERSMajor,three-digit(SIC code)industryemployersarelistedinTables42-46.Thesearebycounty,withestimated1999 employment,thelatestavailabledata.Anoteofqualification:Thesecountsareprovidedfrom coveredemployment(ES-202data),whichinsomecasesduetodisclosurerestrictionsomitamajoremploymentindustry.Thesearegroups ofcompanieswithinanindustry,butinthesesmallercounties,amajorindustrymaybe comprisedofonly a coupleoffirms,andthereforeisabsent.NotethepresenceofagricultureandagriculturalserviceindustriesamongandprominentintheseTop 10countylists. Again, onlyPolkCountyhasalargeanddiversifiedbaseofindustries.Forreference,IndustryStructure,by county,isagainprovidedinAppendixD.EARNINGSBYINDUSTRYCombiningmanyoftheprecedingfactors, (i.e.proprietors'aswellaswageandsalaryincome,farmandnon-farmincome, differentials byindustryinaveragecompensation,andvaryingindustrystructurebycounty,)earningsbyindustryprovidesabroadmeasureofa county's economic well-being.Onlydividendandinterestincomeandtransferpaymentsarenotincluded.Italsoshouldbenotedthat56

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itisonaplaceofworkbasis,notplace of residence,andthusdoesnotincludethenetflowsintooroutofthecounty.Butitisstillquitecomprehensive,andasameasureofthesize ofearnedincomeina county,anexcellentindicatorofeconomicprogress,especiallyintermsoftherelativecontributionsofvariousindustries.Thesizeoftheseeconomies,andthedistributionofmajorindustryearningswithinthem,areshowninTable47 forallthecounties,includingthecomparisonareas,andforthestate.Thisprovides abasisfor onemeasureofthecomposition oftheseeconomies,asisdescribedandillustratednext.EarningsbyIndustry,bycounty, over time,arecontainedinAppendixE.STRUCTUREOFAREAECONOMIESThecompositionandcontributionofmajorindustriesandincomesourcestotheselocal economieshasbeendetailedatsomelengthinthisreport.Fromemployment,to wages,tomorebroadlymeasuredincome,thestructureoftheseeconomieshasbeenrevealed.Thefinalsummarytable,Table48,bringsthesealltogether.Thetableshowscomparisonsofstructurebyeachofthealternatemeasures:employment,totalwages,andtotalindustryearnings.Generally,thebroaderthegauge,thebetter,buteachofthesemeasureshastheirpurpose,anduse.Andbycombiningthemhere,thewaysinwhichtheyrelatecanbeseenmoreeasily.IndustrystructurebyemploymentisinAppendixD.TheComposition oftheEconomiesbyTotalWages isinAppendixF.TheCompositionoftheseEconomiesbyIncomeisinAppendixG.57

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TABL.E39PERSONALINCOMESOURCES 2000 AREADeSoto County Hardee County Highlands County Okeechobee County Polk CountyCentralFlorida Region Hillsborough County Orange CountyStateof FloridaWAGES PROPRIETORS' EARN. DIV. INT. TRANSF.&BENEF.INCOME57% 20% 24% 77% 23% 64% 15% 21% 76% 24% 38% 32% 29% 82% 18% 56% 18% 26% 80% 20% 61% 21% 19% 87% 13%..... _--...-......-........_............._--_............._.........__................_-..--............-..... ....... _........__..59% 21% 20% 86% 14% 67% 19%14% 93%7%71% 16% 12% 92% 8% 58% 26% 16% 90% 10%RURALAREAINCOMESOURCES2000AREADeSoto County Hardee County Highlands County Okeechobee County Polk CountyCentralFlorida Region Hillsborough County Orange CountyStateofFlorida SOURCES: U.S.BureauofEconomic AnalysisFARM NON-FARM INCOME INCOME 11% 89% 12% 88%3%97% 9% 91%1%99% .... -........__..........._-----.........---2% 98% 1% 99%0%100%1%99%NETINCOMEINFLOWtoCO.1.4% 9.7% -1.3% 8.5% 6.4% 5.8% -19.7% -25.6% 0.4%58

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TABLE 40AVERAGEANNUALWAGES2000InDollarsTOTALTOTALAREAAGRIC. MANUF. TRADE SERVICES PRIVATEGOVT.DeSoto County16,355 30,528 18,037 23,213 19,149 27,503Hardee County13,916 23,468 23,37524,785 20,487 26,459Highlands County13,632 29,908 16,091 20,481 19,197 27,332Okeechobee County18,626 29,329 15,710 24,196 20,677 28,972Polk County17,707 36,588 22,723 26,521 27,64727,506 .... --..................... -................... --_.......-...................-.........-......---......... ,............. ---................_....-.....----_.....-_...._-..-_.................................... ..... ------...._......-...CentralFlorida Region16,393 35,964 21,751 25,633 26,079 27,511Hillsborough County15,542 33,752 25,66728,702 30,326 33,021Orange County 22,25943,855 24,028 27,983 29,480 32,736StateofFlorida18,304 37,059 23,067 28,141 28,849 33,014SOURCES;u.s. Bureau of Labor Statistics, FL.Departmentof Labor, U.S. BureauofEconomic Analysis59

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TABLE41AVERAGEHOURLY WAGERATESSelected Occupations1999Computer Licensed Secretary Fire Farm FirstLineCarpenterOperatingAREAProgrammPracNurseFighterEquipOpr Supervisor Engineer DeSoto County*$18.36$13.32 $ 9.68$13.09 $ 9.39$16.29 $ 12.23$15.09Hardee County'"$18.36$13.32 $ 9.68 $ 13.09$9.39$16.29$12.23$15.09 Highlands County*$ 18.36$13.32$9.68$13.09$9.39$16.29$12.23$15.09 Okeechobee County$20.66$15.47 $ 9.76 $ 13.63 $ 8.28 $ 16.98 $ 11.99$12.71 Polk County $ 22.50 $12.21$10.11$9.92$7.84$18.33$10.71$13.05-.............-......................-..........__...-........__..._. .......... -..................... ... ...-...............-.....--....................... .......__.............................-..--_..__...........................................................-............-........................,... Central Florida Region Hillsborough County $ 24.06 $ 13.52$11.39$14.51$9.32$16.63$11.82 $ 12.83 Orange County$24.28$13.54 $ 11.02 $ 12.73$7.54$16.77 $ 13.30$13.00StateofFlorida$23.77$14.43$11.14$15.06$8.98$17.34$12.46$13.69*DeSoto, Hardee and Highlands are allinWFR 19 SOURCE:FL.Agency for Workforce Innovation60

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TABLE42MAJOR COUNTY EMPLOYERS, BY INDUSTRYDeSoto County 1999 SICINDUSTRYTOTAL NON-GOVERNMENT 017 Fruit andTree Nuts 581 EatingandDrinking Places 072 Crop Services 541 Grocery Stores 018 Horticultural Specialities (Crops GrownUnderCover) 021 Livestock, Except Dairy&Poultry 078 Landscape &Horticultural Services 799 Misc. Amusement&RecreationalServo801 Offices& Clinics of Doctors of Medicine 553 Auto&Home Supply Stores TOP 10 INDUSTRIES%ofTotal Non-Government SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, FL.Departmentof Labor61EMPLOYMENT6,053657328 317 27020888846463482,127 35%

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TABLE 43 MAJORCOUNTYEMPLOYERS,BYINDUSTRY Hardee County 1999SIC INDUSTRYTOTAL NON-GOVERNMENT 017Fruitand Tree Nuts541 Grocery Stores 581 EatingandDrinking Places 018 Horticultural Specialities (Crops GrownUnderCover) 602 Commercial Banks 024 Dairy Farms021 Livestock, Except Dairy &Poultry 519 Misc. Non-Durable Goods 179 Misc. Special Trade Contractors 801 Offices&Clinics of DoctorsofMedicine __,...1.._ __ __TOP 10 INDUSTRIES%of Total Non-Government SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, FL.Departmentof Labor62EMPLOYMENT5,415 353 276 222 195 17011679776564 1,61730%

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TABLE44MAJORCOUNTYEMPLOYERS,BYINDUSTRYHighlands County 1999 SICINDUSTRYTOTAL NON-GOVERNMENT581EatingandDrinking Places541Grocery Stores531Department Stores805NursingandPersonal Care Facilities 017FruitandTree Nuts551Motor Vehicle Dealers(New&Used)018Horticultural Specialities (Crops Grown Under Cover)801Offices&Clinics of Doctors of Medicine 072 Crop Services 799Misc. Amusement&RecreationalServoTOP10INDUSTRIES%of Total Non-Government SOURCE: U.s. Bureau of Labor Statistics, FL. Department of Labor63 EMPLOYMENT 22,547 1,153 1,087709554(D)401(D)331(D)2325,592est.25%est.

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TABLE 45 MAJORCOUNTYEMPLOYERS,BYINDUSTRYOkeechobee County1999SIC INDUSTRYTOTAL NON-GOVERNMENT581EatingandDrinking Places 024 Dairy Farms 021 Livestock, Except Dairy &Poultry 541 GroceryStores805NursingandPersonalCare Facilities 421 TruckingandCourier Services, ExceptAir801 OffIces &ClinicsofDoctors of Medicine835Child Day Care Services602CommercialBanks152GeneralBuilding ContractorsTOP10 INDUSTRIES%ofTotal Non-Government SOURCE: U.s. Bureauof LaborStatistics,FL.Departmentof Labor 64EMPLOYMENT7,995685 657 512479340304255152104863,574 45%

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TABLE 46 MAJORCOUNTYEMPLOYERS,BYINDUSTRYPolk County1999SICINDUSTRYTOTAL NONGOVERNMENT 541 GroceryStores581Eating and Drinking Places 806 Hospitals 421 Trucking and Courier Services, Except Air 531DepartmentStores736 Personnel Supply Services 801 Offices&Clinics of Doctors of Medicine 076FarmLaborandManagement Services 571 HomeFurnitureandFurnishings Stores 738 Misc. Business ServicesTOP10 INDUSTRIES%ofTotal Non-Government SOURCE: U.S. Bureau ofLaborStatistics,FL. Department of Labor 65 EMPLOYMENT151,496 10,910 9,481 6,639 5,575 5,173 4,982 3,929 3,351 3,197 3,193 56,430 37%

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TABLE 47EARNINGS BY INDUSTRY2000In Thousands of Dollars TOTAL TOTAL AREAAGRIe.MANUF.TRADE SERVICES PRIVATE GOVT. De Soto County 46,853 9,196 32,605 37,797 152,403 95,878 Hardee County 25,093 7,274 36,510 46,525 139,020 60,866 Highlands County 45,15146,772 110,936 210,858 510,720 143,094 Okeechobee County 7,500 6,334 52,243 89,541 209,603 68,112 Polk County 118,787 909,032 1,403,875 1,886,167 5,847,491 986,513..---............._ ...... -_......._-_......_-...................--.........._... -.....-.............................-.......... WOI ............___....................__.............-----_......................... ..-............... --.--...Central Florida Region 243,384 978,608 1,636,169 2,270,888 6,859,237 1,354,463 Hillsborough County 148,000 1,543,000 4,151,000 9,032,000 20,597,000 3,406,000 Orange County 150,000 1,926,000 4,084,000 10,288,000 21,452,0002,732,000Stateof Florida 2,491,000 21,255,000 48,201,000 96,498,000 230,855,000 46,521,000 SOUROES:U.S.Bureauof Labor Statistics, FL.DepartmentofLabor, U.S.Bureauof Economic Analysis66

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TABLE 48 STRUCTUREOFAREAECONOMIESPERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTIONS2000TOTALTOTALAREA AGIUC. MANUF. TRADESERVICESPRIVATEGOVT.DE SOTO COUNTY Employment30.5% 2.6% 16.8% 11.5% 68.2% 31.8%Total Wages 22.9% 3.7% 13.9%12.2% 59.9% 40.1%IndustryEarnings18.9% 3.7% 13.1% 15.2% 61.4% 38.6%HARDEECOUN'!'Y Employment29.9% 3.0% 16.8% 17.5% 75.4% 24.6%Total Wages19.0% 3.2% 17.9%19.7% 70.3% 29.7%Industry Earnings12.6% 3.6% 18.3% 23.3% 69.5% 30.5%HIGHLANOS COUNTY Employment14.8% 5.3% 23.6% 28.9% 82.7% 17.3%Total Wages9.8% 7.7% 18.5% 28.8% 77.0% 23.0%Industry Earnings6.9% 7.2% 17.0% 32.3% 78.1% 21.9%OKEECHOBEE COUNTY Employment17.5% 1.7% 26.3%23.3% 81.3% 18.7%Total Wages14.7% 2.3% 18.6% 25.3% 75.7% 24.3%Industry Earnings2.7% 2.3% 18.8% 32.2% 75.5% 24.5%POLK COUNTY Employment4.5% 10.9% 28.0% 25.3% 85.0% 15.0%Total Wages2.9% 14.4% 23.0% 24.2% 85.1% 14.9%Industry Earnings1.7% 13.3% 20.5%27.6% 85.6% 14.4%HILLSBOROUGH COUNTY Employment2.0% 6.4% 21.9% 39.5% 88.2% 11.8%Total Wages1.0% 7.1% 18.4% 37.0% 87.3% 12.7%Industry Earnings0.6% 6.4% 17.3% 37.6% 85.8% 14.2%ORANGE COUNTY Employment1.4% 6.1% 22.6% 44.5% 90.4% 9.6%Total Wages1.1% 9.0% 18.2% 41.8% 89.4% 10.6%Industry Earnings0.6% 8.0% 16.9% 42.5% 88.7% 11.3%STATE OF FLORIDA Employment2.1% 6.9% 25.2% 35.2% 86.2% 13.8%Total Wages1.3% 8.6% 19.8% 33.7% 84.5% 15.5%Industry Earnings0.9% 7.7% 17.4% 34.8% 83.2% 16.8%SOURCES:U.s.BureauofLabor Statistics, FL. Department of Labor, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis61

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APPENDIXA:PERSONALINCOMESOURCESTables forDeSoto, Hardee, Highlands, OkeechobeeandPolk Counties,andthe comparison areas of HillsboroughandOrange CountiesandtheStateof Florida. Pages71-7869

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PERSONAL INCOMEANDITS CHARACTERISTICS De Soto CountyEstEstPERSONAL INCOME 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 19951996 1997 1998 1999 2000 GrossEarnings by PlaceofWork 210,803242,475 236,935 243,689 253,098 264,632 267,475286,584 313,911 310,049 306,533 -Pars.Contrib.ForSoc. Sec. 7,598 8,617 9,165 9,880 10,62911,383 11,771 12,430 13,131 13,286 12,956 ... _---......................--_.....--..............-..--_.._-.....-....._..---_ .. _--..-..---..........--_...------...-........---...._---....................--_....-_.._-----....-..----.....-..............--_.._........-_.............-...---_...__.........-....NetEarningsbyPlace of Work 203,205233,858227,770 233,809 242,469 253,249 255,704 274,154 300,780 296,763 293,577Adjust.For Residence 2,442 968 1,900 3,489 4,123 4,424 4,605 4,077 4,804 4,530 4,223--_.._--.....__.....-_........._----..-......-......__ ....... _-.-.........__.......--.._--.....---_.........-......-.._--......-...............-..-..-----..._----_............----_..-....................-.....--..---.........._-_..................-----_...-Earnings byPlaceofResidence 205,647 234,826 229,760 237,298 246,592 257,673 260,309 278,231 305,584 301,293 297,800+Dividends, Interest, Rent80,177 95,221 88,803 93,18796,007 88,860 91,333 98,861 103,548 104,954 103,487 '-I +TransferPayments67,994 76,790 89,190 96,619 106,371 110,929 116,582 119,889 123,573128,867125,373 ..... ______ h____ ________.____.__________ __ _______.___________.____.______ ._____ ..______ oo_____. ________ .oo___oo_.. _______n______________.__________ PERSONAL INCOME 353,818 406,837 407,753427,104 448,970 457,462 468,224496,981 532,705 535,114 526,661 t""tfj FarmIncome 53,242 70,678 58,51356,975 59,221 59,857 48,576 55,052 67,261 63,039 58,252 .. NonfarmIncome 300,576 336,159349,240370,129 389,749 397,605 419,648 441,929465,444 472,075 468,409 (C) EstEstPERSONAL INCOME SOURCES 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 1996 1997 199819992000EarningsbyPlaceof Residence 58% 58% 56%56% 55% 56% 56% 56% 57% 56% 57% Dividends,Interest, Rent 23%23% 22%22% 21% 19% 20% 20% 19% 20% 20%TransferPayments19% 19% 22% 23% 24% 24% 25%24%23% 24% 24%FarmIncome 15% 17% 14%13% 13% 13%10% 11% 13%12% 11%NonfarmPersonalIncome 85% 83%86% 87%87% 87% 900AJ 89% 87% 88% 89% Wage&SalaryIncome, Benefits 69% 65% 68% 68% 70% 72%77% 77% 75% 76% 77%Proprietors'Income 31% 35% 32% 32% 30% 28% 23% 23% 25% 24%23% % NETINCOMEINFLOWtoCO. 1.2% 0.4% 0.9% 1.5% 1.7% 1.7% 1.8% 1.5% 1.6%1.5% 1.4%SOURCES;u.s.BureauofEconomic Analysis, U.S. Bureau ofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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PERSONAL INCOMEANDITS CHARACTERISTICSHardeeCountyEstEstPERSONALINCOME ($000)19901991 199219931994 1995 1996199719981999 2000 GrossEarningsbyPlace of Work 174,219191,620 186,044 192,703 207,849218,020222,895238,830 258,075 255,196 251,320 Pers.Contrib.ForSoc. Sec. 6,844 7,229 7,393 8,061 9,069 9,826 10,657 11,087 11,54011,889 11,586........--_-....._---_...._-_----..-..-_---__--.......--_-........------......----_.............-----_-_..NetEarningsbyPlaceofWork 167,375 184,391178,651 184,642 198,780 208,194 212,238 227,743 246,535 243,307 239,734Adjust.ForResidence 23,60823,24023,01423,28722,852 24,141 24,270 24,106 25,755 24,76623,258--....----..-------------.._--------_-----..-----_---........_----..--__---..---___-..-..-..-_--_---------_..-_...Earningsby Place ofResidence 190,983 207,631 201,665 207,929 221,632 232,335 236,508 251,849 272,290268,073 262,992+Dividends,Interest,Rent61,762 57,13353,68351,586 50,802 53,021 55,836 59,800 62,68862,88661,562+TransferPayments45,815 52,969 61,250 6-6,085 72,213 78,810 80,903 86,711 87,55190,06487,822 "'""-J --..... __ __ u_ --.-.-- ...-._u..__._._u .. u._u.__.-.--------._. -.... ---.--------_ ..--. .. ----_.---.-......------------.--.----. N PERSONALINCOME 298,560 317,733 316,598 325,600 344,647 364,166 373,247398,360 422,529 421,024 412,376 l:'""t2j FarmIncome 55,487 65,468 54,161 53,472 55,932 54,731 47,706 52,407 62,359 55,62451,449 Qt NonfarmIncome 243,073 252,265262,437 272,128 288,715 309,435325,541 345,953360,170 365,400 360,927 <::> EstEstPERSONALINCOMESOURCES19901991199219931994 1995 1996199719981999 2000 EarningsbyPlaceofResidence 64% 65% 64%64%64% 64%63%63%64%64% 64% Dividends,Interest,Rent21% 18%17% 16% 15%15% 15% 15%15% 15%15%TransferPayments15% 17%19% 20%21%22% 22% 22%21% 21% 21%FarmIncome 19% 21% 17% 16%16% 15% 13%13% 15% 13% 12%NonfarmPersonalIncome 81% 79% 83% 84%84%85% 87% 87% 85%87%88% Wage&SalaryIncome, Benefits 65% 62% 67% 69%70% 72% 76% 75%73% 75% 76%Proprietors'Income35% 38% 33% 31% 30% 28%24%25% 27%25% 24% %NETINCOMEINFLOWtoCO. 14.1% 12.6% 12.9% 12.6% 11.5% 11.6% 11.4% 10.6% 10.4% 10.2% 9.7% SOURCES:UB.BureauofEconomic Analysis,UB.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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PERSONAL INCOMEANDITS CHARACTERISTICSHighlandsCounty Esi EstPERSONALINCOME($000)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 GrossEarningsbyPlaceofWork 504,678 543,841 549,730 584,239 606,880 634,682 630,146666,065 698,749 690,548 7.Ql,264 -Pers.Contrib.ForSoc. Sec. 30,41633,239 35,787 39,085 42,724 45,889 46,001 48,123 48,77349,150 49,137.....-_.......................--------.............-.......-......_-_..._--------------_.....------"'_..._..-.......-------_..._......-_..._--------.._--_....._----_..---_.....__...-----..---_.....---_..................._.._......_--NetEarningsbyPlaceofWork 474,262 510,602 513,943545,154 564,156 588,793 584,145 617,942 649,976 641,398 652,127Adjust.ForResidence -2,775 -4,246 .4,390 .5,612 -6,773 -7,104 -7,354-8,546-7,790 -8,346 -8,532...---------------..................-----_.................................-----_.............__.......-.._--..---....-----..... _-...-------.........-...---.......-_.........-................--_..--_.....-......-_...--..-.................--------------EarningsbyPlaceof Residence 471,487 506,356 509,553539,542 557,383 581,689 576,791 609,396 642,186 633,052 643,595+Dividends,Interest,Rent406,877 400,464 396,687 398,754 417,540 449,824489,199 514,956 539,029534,408 542,458+TransferPayments261,615291,237 332,550359,436 397,064 421,369 446,115468,754480,083 483,278 489,175 -...JW __.___.._____.._. ___ .. __ .___ __ __ .. _.... ___ ________._.________..____.______ n __.________.... __ ..._.________n____._._____._______...________________.______ PERSONALINCOME 1,139,979 1,198,0571,238,790 1,297,732 1,371,9871,452,882 1,512,1051,593,106 1,661,298 1,650,739 1,675,228 t"'"trl FarmIncome 74,334 91,399 67,941 74,16068,879 76,942 56,370 58,124 71,967 63,950 56,004 Qt NonfarmIncome 1,065,645 1,106,6581,170,849 1,534,982 1,589,331 1,586,789 ... 1,223,572 1,303,108 1,375,940 1,455,735 1,619,224 Es1 EstPERSONALINCOMESOURCES199619911992 1993 1994 1991S 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 EarningsbyPlaceofResidence 41% 42% 41%42% 41%40% 38% 38% 39%38% 38% Divide.nds, Interest, Rent 36% 33% 32% 31% 30% 31% 32% 32% 32% 32% 32%TransferPayments23% 24% 27% 28% 29% 29% 30% 29% 29% 29% 29%FarmIncome 7% 8% 5% 6% 5% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 3%NonfarmPersonalIncome 93% 92%95%94% 95% 95%96% 96% 96% 96% 97% Wage&SalaryIncome, Benefits 77% 75%78%77% 79% 79% 82% 82% 80% 81% 82%Proprietors' Income. 23%25%22%23%21% 21% 18% 18% 20% 19%18% %NETINCOMEINFWWtoCO. -0.6%-0.8%-0.9% -1.0010 -1.2% -1.2% -1.3% -1.4% -1.2% -1.3% -1.3% SOURCES:U.8.BureauofEconomic Analysis, U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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PERSONAL INCOME AND ITS CHARACTERISTICSOkeechobee County Est EstPERSONAL INCOME ($000)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 1996 1997 19981999 2000 GrossEarningsbyPlace of Work 213,478 220,890 223,656 237,736245,422 251,798 274,313 305,520 323,208 328,710330,776 Pel's. Contrib.ForSoc. Sec. 10,403 11,367 11,733 12,466 13,600 14,724 15,268 16,516 16,785 16,99216,267 ........._..____ <4.... .......................................-_......................-.......__...__.........................__......_..............._-......_____"'......__...__ ......__...._...........-......-.......-..--..._ ... __..........___..------..........--------.....----...NetEarningsbyPlaceofWork 203,075 209,523 211,923225,270 231,822 237,074 259,045 289,004 306,423 311,718 314,509 Adjust.ForResidence 28,302 26,89926,973 27,274 27,95329,035 28,329 28,771 31,319 28,970 26,871_.........-..--_............_-...-.......--------------_.. -.. ..._...._..--......_---...._-.....----_.....-......--....._.................._.............._----... ... ...-...-...... -................--....................-............. -..-....-----_..----......----...-EarningsbyPlaceofResidence 231,377 236,422238,896252,544 259,775 266,109 287,374 317,775 337,742 340,687341,381+Dividends,Interest,Rent84,763 86,571 85,770 85,558 88,145 90,526 96,504 101,777 107,425 110,628 109,591+TransferPayments85,817 95,698 111,061 117,378 123,843 131,636 141,276 148,889153,494 160,647 158,690 -...J"'3.j:Oo.--------------...._---....._.-...-.-.....-_.......----_.._..__...._-.__ ..... _---.-.._..._----.. ...... __..-..._... -_ ..._._--------.-... .. ..._..._PERSONAL INCOME 401,957 418,691 435,727 455,480 471,763 488,271 525,154 568,441 598,661 611,963609,662 t""tr;j Farm Income 53,92053,46750,11255,893 53,024 43,228 45,333 55,773 63,730 51,911 53,050 QI NonfarmIncome 348,037 365,224 385,615 399,587 418,739445,043 479,821 512,668 534,931 560,052 556,612 EstEstPERSONAL INCOME SOURCES19961991199219931994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000Earningsby PlaceofResidence 58%. 56% 55%55% 55% 55% 55% 56% 56% 56%56% Dividends,Interest,Rent21% 21% 20% 19010 19% 19% 18% 18% 18% 18% 18%TransferPayments21% 23%25%26%26% 27%27% 26% 26% 26% 26%FarmIncome 13%13% 12% 12% 11% 9% 9% 10%ll%8%9%NonfarmPersonalIncome 87% 87% 88% 88% 89% 91% 91% 90%89%92% 91% Wage&SalaryIncome, Benefits 71% 70% 72%74% 76% 78% 79% 79% 77% 80% 80%Proprietors'Income 29% 30% 28% 26% 24% 22% 21% 21% 23% 20% 20% %NETINCOME INFLOWtoCO. 13.9%12.8% 12.7% 12.1% 12.1% 12.2%10.9% 10.0% 10.2% 9.3% 8.5% SOURCES:U.s.BureauofEconomic Analysis, U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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PERSONAL INCOME AND ITS CHARACTERISTICSPolk CountyEstEstPERSONAL INCOME ($000)19901991199219931994 199f>. 19961997 19981999 2000 GrossEarningsbyPlace of Work 4,202,9484,274,3124,471,902 4,696,617 5,025,211 5,329,491 5,645,887 5,924,823 6,398,494 6,627,066 6,948,789Pel'S. Contrib.ForSoc.Sec. 261,921273,361 287,368 305,090 333,655 353,536 371,589 386,746 410,897 424,020439,404..-............--..-..-_..........__.........-... .... ---.._-.....----_..---..................-...............-...........---...... ---..---.._--_...-......._..-................--....__......._---_.._--..............--_....._---........----_.._--_....NetEarningsby PlaceofWork 3,941,027 4,000,951 4,184,5344,391,527 4,691,556 4,975,955 5,274,298 5,538,077 5,987,597 6,203,046 6,509,385 Adjust.ForResidence -22,997 -12,068 762 28,466 39,972 80,25780,976 132,366 308,344317,583 413,348..---_..-..-...._---....__....--..--_............._..........-------..-----..---......_----_.._----_....._----..--..__..---......_.............._---_ ..... _........._..._........._-_.....-------......._---....-..-..............---EarningsbyPlaceofResidence 3,918,0303,988,883 4,185,296 4,419,993 4,731,528 5,056,212 5,355,274 5,670,443 6,295,941 6,520,629 6,922,733+Dividends,Interest,Rent1,585,764 1,557,8041,566,767 1,524,810 1,659,812 1,792,788 1,915,8391,977,365 2,075,833 2,252,165 2,362,532+TransferPayments1,010,504 1,135,743 1,302,058 1,413,6001,518,273 1,621,204 1,719,271 1,813,381 1,862,358 2,035,8292,140,998 P"3-....J PERSONAL INCOME__n__.__________n_________--------------___________ n ___________ n_-------------------------------------------_._--------------------__n__________ e;V1 6,514,298 6,682,430 7,054,1217,358,403 7,909,613 8,470,2048,990,384 9,461,189 10,234,132 10,808,623 11,42-6,263 tottzj FarmIncome 123,953 138,338 90,986 92,857 103,395 106,893 98,020 106,807 125,029 113,047 114,780 en NonfarmIncome 6,390,345 6,544,092 6,963,1357,265,546 7,806,218 8,363,311 8,892,364 9,354,382 10,109,103 H>,695,576 11,311,483 Cio:l Est EstPERSONAL INCOME SOURCES 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 19961997199819992000EarningsbyPlaceofResidence 60% 60% 59% 60% 60% 60% 60% 60% 62% 60% 61% Dividends,Interest,Rent24% 23% 22% 21% 21% 21% 21% 21% 20% 21% 21% Transfer Payments16% 17%18% 19%19% 19% 19% 19% 18% 19% 19%FarmIncome 2%2% 1%1%1%1%1% 1% 1%1% 1%NonfarmPersonalIncome 98% 98%99%99% 99%99"1099% 99% 99% 99% 99% Wage&SalaryIncome, Benefits 88% 88% 89% 87%88% 87% 88% 87% 87% 87% 87%Proprietors'Income 12% 12% 11% 13% 12% 13%12% 13% 13% 13% 13% %NETINCOME INFLOWtoCO. -0.6% -0.3% 0.0% 0.6%0.9% 1.6%1.5% 2.4% 5.1% 5.1% -6.4% SOURCES:U.s.Bureauof Economic Analysis, U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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PERSONAL INCOME AND ITS CHARACTERISTICSHillsboroughCounty EstPERSONALINCOME ($000,000)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1898 1999 2000GrossEarningsby Place of Work 12,497 12,94713,925 14,734 15,694 16,79418,032 19,444 21,492 23,137 24,211 Pers.Contrib.ForSoc. Sec. 748 792 842898980 1,051 1,120 1,210 1,325 1,426 1,485----................ _--...-_ ..... ---_........._............_..........._...-----.._----_...-..-............-....-----......_-.. -_......-...----_..._-.........._..._---.._..........-...---------_..................-.............._-.. .. ...................._--..-NetEarningsbyPlaceofWork 11,74912,15513,083 13,836 14,714 15,74316,91218,234 20,167 21,711 22,726Adjust.ForResidence -1,390 -1,480-1,648 -1,783 ,954 ,168 ,468 ,786,635 .3,971 -4,484.....----_.._---_......_-......_..-........--_...__..._-_.._----..--.......----.._-_....._--_.....-----.....-.. ---.-..---------..----....-_.....---_......--------_..-_...---------..-..................--_.........._......Earningsby Place ofResidence 10,359 10,675 11,435 12,053 12,760 13,57514,444 15,44816,532 17,741 18,242+Dividends, Interest, Rent2,899 2,976 2,812 2,833 3,048 3,532 3,915 4,382 4,598 4,925 5,104+TransferPayments1,792 2,0472,354 2,5402,682 2,8583,0063,162 3,260 3,607 3,680 "-J...._..-.-." ---_ ...._.__ .. -... _-----_.. ..... _-.-.....----_..__ .... -_.__.-.._--------_.....---.--_._---------.-------------.... -._----....__ .... ---0\ PERSONALINCOME 15,05015,698 16,601 17,426 18,49019,965 21,365 22,992 24,39026,27327,026 t'j FarmIncome 133 155 151 152 142 148 153 173 194 211 208 Cl1 NonfarmIncome 14,91715,54316,45017,27418,34819,817 21,212 22,819 24,196 26,062 26,818 EstPERSONALINCOMESOURCES1990 1991 1992 19931994 1995 1996 199719981999 2000Earningsby Place ofResidence 69% 68% 69% 69% 69% 68i'1o 68% 67% 68% 68%67%Dividends,Interest,Rent19% 19% 17% 16% 16% 18%18% 19% 19% 19%19%TransferPayments12% 13% 14% 15% 15%14% 14%14% 13% 14% 14%FarmIncome 1% 1%1%1%1%1% 1% 1%1% 1%1%NonfarmPersonalIncome 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% Wage&SalaryIncome, Benefits 93% 93% 93% 92% 93% 92% 92% 93% 93% 93% 93%Proprietors'Incorne 7% 7%7%8% 7% 8%8% 7% 7%7%7%%NETINCOME INFLOWtoCO. -11.8% -12.2% -12.6% -12.9% -13.3% -13.8% -14.6% -15.3% -18.0% -18.3% -19.7% SOURCES: U.S.Bureauof Economic Analysis,UB.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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PERSONAL INCOME AND ITS CHARACTERISTICSOrangeCounty Esi EstPERSONALINCOME ($000,000)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 GrossEarningsbyPlaceofWork 12,97613,386 14,342 15,182 15,879 16,808 17,981 19,547 21,763 23,371 24,287 Pars.Contrib.ForSoc. Sec. 794837890944 1,011 1,079 1,147 1,244 1,373 1,476 1,524-.............................-.... -_............_-_............._-_...................---............_---...-_....._----..----.._-......_---_.............__..__....__.._-........_-................_--.....................---..........._-.........._------------------NetEarningsbyPlaceofWork 12,182 12,549 13,45214,238 14,868 15,72916,834 18,303 20,390 21,89522,763Adjust.ForResidence ,062 -3,171 ,395 .3,580 -3,779 -3,923 ,196 ,574 .5,229 .5,547 -5,832..----_....-....................._-_..._--.......---...-..-...--.............-..........._-_.......--......-........-.......__.............-...-....--_......-...-...-.._--......-..--_.....---------..--------..------..........-...-.....--... ------....._.....-......EarningsbyPlaceofResidence 9,120 9,378 10,057 10,658 11,08911,806 12,638 13,729 15,161 16,348 16,931+Dividends,Interest,Rent2,5002,582 2,407 2,477 2,579 2,779 3,0023,224 3,394 3,794 3,899+TransferPayments1,314 1,501 1,740 1,910 2,039 2,192 2,318 2,445 2,511 2,872 2,931 "'3..........--.. .......................................-..-...__ .................. ............ .... __ ..-._.,..... .... -.... ..._.....--...........::j PERSONALINCOME 12,934 13,461 14,204 15,045 15,707 16,777 17,958 19,398 21,06623,014 23,761 t"'ltJ:jFarm Income 110127 131120 10210291 9710493103 NonfarmIncome 12,82413,33414,073 14,92515,605 16,675 17,867 19,301 20,962 22,921 23,658 Esi EstPERSONALINCOMESOURCES1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 1996 1997 19981999 2000 EarningsbyPlaceofResidence 71% 70% 71% 71% 71% 70% 70%71%72% 71% 71% Dividends,Interest,Rent19% 19%17% 16%16% 17% 17% 17% 16% 16% 16% Transfer Payments10%11% 12% 13% 13%13%13% 13%12% 12% 12%FarmIncome 1%1% 1%1% 1% 1%1% 1% 0%0%0%NonfarmPersonalIncome 99% 99% 99% 99%99%99% 99% 99% 100% 100% 100% Wage&SalaryIncome, Benefits 93% 93% 93% 92%93%91% 92% 92%92% 92% 92% Proprietors' Income 7%7%7%8%7% 9% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8%%NETINCOME INFLOWtoCO. -25.1% .3% -25.2%-25.1%-25.4% .9% -24.9% .0% -25.6% -25.3% .6%SOURCES: U.S. BureauofEconomic Analysis,U.s. Bur.eau ofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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PERSONAL INCOMEANDITS CHARACTERISTICSStateofFlorida Es1 EstPERSONALINCOME ($000,000)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 19961997 19981999 2000 GrossEarningsby PlaceofWork 155,631 160,515 171,411 182,048 190,871 202,726 215,167 229,760 248,372 264,950 279,853 -Pers.Contrib.ForSoc. Sec. 9,4629,98810,610 11,346 12,200 13,021 13,646 14,520 15,506 16,490 17,242-----............................................-......._--.._.._______.............. 10< ..........._...........--__..__..__............_ ... -__..........-____...........___-..._.._...__....._____ ....... ______..............................._..........................-__..NetEarningsbyPlaceofWork 146,169 150,527 160,801 170,702 178,671 189,705 201,521 215,240 232,866 248,460 262,611Adjust.ForResidence639660697 723754 782 807848897932 963........._----...-.......--..-_....._-.._-............---.................----..--..........--..-------_.......... .. .....__ .. __.....-........--_ .... _----_........-_.._--........... --... _---..------......---...-_....._-.....--.................... "'-...EarningsbyPlaceofResidence 146,808151,187161,498 171,425 179,425 190,487 202,328 216,088 233,763249,393 263,574+Dividends,Interest,Rent76,991 77,963 73,012 77,661 81,453 88,225 94,832 99,522 103,922 114,208 119,756+TransferPayments34,679 39,155 44,518 47,841 51,03054,81357,976 60,948 62,523 69,502 72,764-------------.------------------------------.-------.--------.------_.... .. _---------_.-----_.._-----_.._-._--.-----.--------.---.------._----.. _"-J00 PERSONALINCOME 258,478 268,305279,028296,927 311,908 333,525 355,136 376,558 400,208 433,103 456,095 t""t;!j FarmIncome 2,2282,7222,538 2,606 2,225 2,256 1,979 2,169 2,493 2,507 2,477 Qt NonfarmIncome 256,250 265,583 276,490 294,321 309,683 331,269 353,157 374,389 397,715 430,596 453,618 EstEstPERSONAL INCOMESOURCES1990 1991 1992 I1f93 1994 1995 19961997 1998 1999 2000 EarningsbyPlaceofResidence 57% 56%58% 58% 58% 57% 57% 57% 58% 58% 58% Dividends,Interest,Rent30% 29% 26% 26% 26% 26% 27% 26% 26% 26% 26%TransferPayments13% 15%16%16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16%FarmIncome 1%1%1% 1%1%1%1% 1% 1%1% 1%NonfarmPersonalIncome 99% 99% 99% 99% 99% WOAl 99% 99% 99%99%99% Wage&SalaryIncome, Benefits 91% 91% 90% 90% 91% 90% 90% 90% 90% 90% 90%Proprietors'Income9%9%10%10% 9%10%10%10% 10% 10% 10% %NETINCOME INFLOWtoCO. 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4% 0.4%0.4% SOURCES:UB.BureauofEconomic Analysis,UB.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL. Department ofLabor

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APPENDIXB:AVERAGEANNUALWAGESTables forDe8oto, Hardee, Highlands, OkeechobeeandPolk Counties,andthe comparison areasofHillsboroughandOrange CountiesandtheStateof Florida.Pages81-8879

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AVERAGE ANNUAL WAGESDe Soto CountyEst.(Annual Dollars) 1990 1991 1992 19931994 1990 1996 19971998 1999 2000 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 14,76315,100 16,163 16,270 16,850 16,872 18,214 19,762 21,042 21,019 21,806 TOTAL PRIVATE 13,433 14,22215,033 14,98215,166 15,031 16,120 17,327 18,701 18,533 19,149 Agriculture 12,618 12,636 13,734 13,578 13,69713,117 13,719 15,796 16,591 15,827 16,355 Construction&Mining 15,315 17,193 18,836 19,090 18,347 19,375 19,621 19,050 20,498 20,360 21,176Manufacturing13,117 18,443 20,74722,21621,929 22,981 24,809 26,711 26,449 28,917 30,528 Utilities& Communication 20,735 23,58523,37724,225 21,287 18,490 18,181 25,15726,000 24,072 23,675 Wholesale&RetailTrade11,57211,547 12,206 12,82713,493 13,389 14,819 14,824 17,41918,243 18,037 Finance 15,851 16,832 18,305 18,896 18,865 19,325 21,923 22,76724,38726,886 26,539(Xl Services 15,697 17,061 17,57917,47818,074 19,291 20,243 21,287 22,590 21,916 23,213 ,1-' TOTAL GOVERNMENT 16,706 16,309 17,82518,255 19,770 20,241 22,206 24,883 26,120 26,417 27,503 Q1 Federal24,491 30,095 33,465 35,548 35,727 33,060 34,627 33,962 34,611 34,684 37,0'41-.J State14,886 14,521 16,00016,53618,273 19,316 21,333 24,162 26,547 27,343 28,310Local21,246 20,58921,397 21,305 22,126 21,42723,24925,681 24,983 24,500 25,537 SOURCES: U.S.Bureauof Labor Statistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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AVERAGEANNUALWAGES Hardee CountyEst.(Annual Dollars)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 19951996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 14,121 14,600 15,873 15,592 15,902 16,896 17,977 19,251 20,248 21,440 21,959TOTALPRNATE12,76713,02114,278 14,080 14,370 15,350 16,384 17,538 19,14619,742 20,487 Agriculture 9,814 9,641 10,862 10,54310,474 11,141 11,632 12,741 13,125 14,013 13,916 Construction&Mining14,185 15,406 16,356 15,00018,738 16,101 24,739 22,937 30,148 27,383 29,481Manufacturing16,750 16,837 16,650 17,803 17,292 17,707 18,476 21,342 23,506 23,593 23,468Utilities&Communication 24,902 26,022 26,664 26,643 28,382 28,017 28,112 30,400 30,844 30,417 31,577 Wholesale&RetailTrade12,975 13,686 15,929 16,354 17,361 18,088 18,678 20,223 22,146 21,942 23,375Finance17,500 18,385 2().,01O 22,530 22,14923,81922,189 22,779 24,062 25,169 25,96700Services 15,703 16,907 16,564 16,036 16,671 18,504 19,139 22,01824,957 24,216 24,785 tN TOTAL GOVERNMENT 19,595 19,821 20,761 20,806 21,517 22,33123,358 25,003 23,687 26,761 26,459 t; Federal25,333 29,886 32,133 34,44234,756 34,43836,104 36,367 35,94034,811 38,538 OC State19,886 20,144 21,141 21,47721,086 21,729 24,39825,624 27,753 28,156 28,457 Local 19,269 19,344 20,161 19,976 21,183 22,122 22,233 24,145 20,943 25,642 24,708 SOURCE:u.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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AVERAGE ANNUAL WAGESHighlandsCounty Est. (Annual Dollars)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 199619971998 19992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 15,524 15,982 16,731 17,302 17,523 18,018 18,576 18,411 19,566 19,880 20,606 TOTAL PRIVATE 14,920 15,69216,585 17,026 16,776 17,118 17,66317,349 18,491 18,590 19,197 Agriculture 13,989 14,43314,488 14,245 14,298 14,210 14,997 13,644 13,554 13,270 13,632 Construction&Mining 16,503 16,344 17,834 17,709 18,231 18,325 19,237 19,735 21,879 21,152 21,854Manufacturing19,320 21,092 22,802 23,07423,419 24,099 25,68926,275 27,924 29,692 29,908Utilities&Communication 21,887 23,846 25,518 26,003 27,732 26,593 28,11829,817 27,99829,18030,71600Wholesale&RetailTrade11,799 12,651 12,933 13,561 13,36613,96314,457 15,852 16,008 16,091 w Finance17,730 19,074 25,778 25,278 22,029 22,00022,278 22,837 19,753 21,81924,678 Services 16,441 17,094 18,293 18,978 17,857 18,923 19,36318,288 20,237 20,149 20,481 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 18,134 17,091 17,296 18,472 21,164 22,593 23,131 24,109 24,989 26,289 t"'" 27,332 tri Federal24,936 27,686 30,313 33,081 31,291 31,741 32,502 33,882 35,911 35,425 37,294 ce State18,845 19,718 20,7Q2 20,935 21,550 22,169 23,098 24,214 26,503 26,872 27,274 Local 17,290 15,816 15,78316,873 20,142 21,75622,24723,166 23,783 25,354 26,321 SOURCE: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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AVERAGE ANNUALWAGESOkeechobee CountyEst.(AnnualDollars)1990 1991 19921993 1994 1995 1996 1997 199819992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 16,525 16,834 17,735 17,89318,684 19,37419,359 20,238 20,42221,85222,224 TOTAL PRIVATE 15,51915,70016,724 16,88517,656 18,306 17,986 18,868 18,831 20,444 20,677Agriculture14,809 15,569 16,874 16,971 16,851 17,684 18,162 17,829 15,99318,975 18,626 Construction & Mining 16,80016,322 16,383 16,266 17,201 17,851 18,950 18,973 20,208 19,906 20,446 Manufacturing20,353 21,697 23,443 24,133 24,221 25,92425,133 26,553 27,110 29,099 29,329Utilities& Communication 27,972 27,551 26,95927,598 28,555 27,403 27,357 29,560 30,77331,47830,695 Wholesale & Trade12,087 11,561 12,05612,678 13,800 13,799 13,93714,485 15,416 14,811 15,71000Finance18,607 20,835 22,168 23,485 33,185 44,863 23,044 30,239 22,460 23,467 29,763 .j:>Services 17,580 18,263 20,164 19,453 20,006 20,288 20,55122,086 22,78624,643 24,196 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 21,328 22,311 22,47423,039 23,898 24,629 25,633 26,651 27,84427,980 28,972 E; Federal24,341 28,015 30,167 30,310 31,31932,417 35,740 35,205 35,320 35,325 38,235 i State19,186 20,429 20,677 21,040 21,86621,91724,098 26,336 28,52729,102 29,433 Local 21,46222,28622,328 22,934 23,803 24,73925,605 26,259 27,11727,119 28,143 SOURCE:UB.DepartmentofLaoorStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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AVERAGEANNUALWAGESPolkCountyEst. (Annual Dollars)1990 199119921998 1994 1995 19961997 199819992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 19,399 20,06121,341 21,612 22,302 23,14724,137 25,051 26,182 26,95527,626 TOTAL PRIVATE 19,10619,700 21,047 21,350 22,108 22,876 24,019 24,944 26,245 26,936 27,647Agriculture13,98712,89913,318 13,59314,073 14,604 14,714 16,137 17,216 18,10517,707Construction&Mining 23,49524,78926,799 28,507 28,799 29,689 30,033 30,937 32,437 32,781 34,269Manufacturing23,740 24,657 27,795 27,318 28,212 29,038 31,295 33,04734,71835,200 36,588Utilities&Communication 23,128 23,345 24,779 25,089 26,631 27,810 28,936 31,203 32,818 33,769 34,648 Wholesale&RetailTrade15,274 16,040 17,129 17,641 18,61818,625 19,440 20,057 21,621 22,225 22,723 Finance 21,49323,13724,289 25,879 26,103 27,346 30,481 31,048 32,969 33,285 35,06300 Services 22,824 23,788 24,46924,948 25,832 26,521 I.J1 19,159 20,011 20,889 21,138 21,592 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 21,107 22,091 22,98923,096 23,399 24,689 24,826 25,670 25,823 27,064 27,506 I:"'ltI!jC)Federal 28,124 32,129 34,73535,85036,327 35,691 37,356 38,10538,276 39,140 41,004 ... State22,359 23,45223,809 23,78224,370 25,014 26,06627,704 29,86729,988 30,326Local20,238 21,073 21,951 22,015 22,24623,801 23,607 24,314 24,097 25,565 25,799 SOURCES:U.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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AVERAGEANNUALWAGESHillsborough CountyEst.(Annual Dollars)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994-1995 1998 1997 1998 19992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 21,120 22,41223,905 24,132 24,454 25,353 26,322 27,474 29,081 30,252 30,644 TOTAL PRIVATE 20,587 21,892 23,419 23,609 23,932 24,860 25,850 27,065 28,760 29,981 30,326 Agriculture 10,29710,877 11,88211,845 11,660 11,803 12,619 14,230 14,776 15,621 15,542 Construction & Mining 22,632 23,111 24,51725,446 25,858 27,355 28,448 30,198 32,285 33,079 33,865Manufacturing 23,141 24,358 25,314 26,29727,367 28,275 29,018 30,00232,02833,102 33,752Utilities& Communication 28,805 30,384 31,375 31,675 33,161 34,730 36,416 38,55938,88840,176 41,537 Wholesale &RetailTrade17,720 19,160 20,457 20,684 20,883 21,717 21,92522,790 24,523 25,512 25,667Finance25,223 26,976 30,19831,527 31,30132,843 34,980 37,151 39,358 40,964 42,219 Services 20,004 21,204 22,768 22,493 22,773 23,644 24,75225,761 27,310 28,635 28,702 t 00 '" TOTAL GOVERNMENT 24,377 25,451 26,73127,288 27,720 28,550 29,530 30,35931,360 32,264 33,021 t;;eFederal 30,573 32,889 36,68737,074 37,42437,49439,856 41,022 41,913 43,382 44,783 State21,60022,555 22,764 23,197 23,847 24,572 25,224 26,475 28,12229,560 29,324 Local 23,583 24,298 25,218 25,98826,499 27,65328,347 28,85229,756 30,228 31,189 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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AVERAGE ANNUAL WAGESOrangeCounty Eet. (AnnualDollars) 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 22,896 23,083 23,949 24,103 24,521 25,410 26,161 27,320 28,891 29,758 29,794 TOTAL PRIVATE 22,804 22,887 23,882 23,818 24,271 25,154 25,909 27,055 28,638 29,511 29,480Agriculture15,17315,72617,306 16,45017,06618,130 19,422 20,399 21,704 21,076 22,259Construction& Mining 22,69523,344 23,572 24,300 25,193 26,148 27,839 29,133 30,844 32,192 32,437Manufacturing32,221 34,766 36,458 34,626 35,435 36,677 37,203 39,973 42,909 44,274 43,855Utilities&Communication 27,255 28,195 29,249 30,019 30,890 31,599 31,872 32,860 33,746 35,755 35,80000Wholesale& Retail Trade20,558 18,125 19,065 19,037 19,609 20,673 21,712 22,182 23,292 24,356 24,028 -...J Finance26,014 27,603 29,906 31,90431,203 32,793 34,077 36,857 40,545 38,251 41,035Services21,087 21,782 22,599 22,509 23,076 23,899 24,404 25,602 27,039 27,913 27,983 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 23,633 24,547 24,462 26,352 26,55427,624 28,415 29,710 31,229 32,04232,736 &;0) Federal29,079 31,285 33,798 35,407 36,08139,017 42,105 45,116 46,578 48,065 50,571 c.e State19,305 20,084 20,290 20,58421,136 21,864 22,990 24,060 26,231 27,043 27,008 Local 23,345 24,019 23,105 25,764 25,93927,070 27,375 28,270 29,734 30,506 31,054 SOURCES:UB.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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AVERAGE ANNUAL WAGESStateofFloridaEst.(Annual Dollars) 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 20.00 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 21,123 21,990 23,160 23,583 23,93024,713 25,659 26,707 28,189 28,950 29,424 TOTAL PRIVATE 20,568 21,366 22,639 22,929 23,316 24,102 25,06626,122 27,63628,406 28,849 Agriculture 13,067 13,40914,293 14,262 14,618 15,159 15,691 16,716 17,516 18,069 18,304Construction&Mining 22,097 22,548 23,368 23,793 24,50125,401 26,53927,533 29,211 30,148 30,483Manufacturing25,690 27,163 29,007 29,165 30,106 30,990 31,948 33,490 35,403 36,231 37,059Utilities&Communication 27,590 28,517 30,29430,998 31,496 32,419 33,017 33,970 35,199 37,109 37,321 Wholesale&RetailTrade16,195 16,636 17,598 17,934 18,34819,082 19,875 20,672 21,852 22,894 23,06700Finance25,438 26,894 29,931 31,164 31,101 32,971 34,901 37,918 40,722 40,64642,72500Services 20,973 21,893 22,97923,633 23,330 24,015 24,98425,783 27,211 27,718 28,141 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 24,162 25,278 25,915 27,139 27,307 28,165 29,101 30,17331,549 32,314 t:'"' 33,014 t:l.1 Federal30,087 32,13335,106 36,869 36,787 37,713 39,624 41,246 42,309 43,398 45,225 : State20,956 21,880 22,30622,715 23,062 23,863 24,716 26,03528,052 28,635 28,814 Local 23,835 24,856 25,032 26,498 26,741 27,666 28,449 29,353 30,608 31,401 32,002 SOURCES:UB.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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APPENDIXC:AVERAGE HOURLY WAGE RATESTables forDeSooo,Hardee, Highlands, OkeechobeeandPolk Counties,andthe comparisonareasof HillsboroughandOrange CountiesandtheStateof Florida.Pages91-9889

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TABLE 65 1999 AVERAGEHOURLY WAGERATESSelected OccupationsinDeSoto CountyandComparison Areas OCCUPATION CODETITLEDe Soto County Hillsboro. OrangeStateEXECUTIVE, ADMIN., MANAGERIAL13011Marketing, Public Relations Manager$ 19.29 $ 25.75 $ 25.14$25.40 15008MedicineandHealth Service Manager$ 24.48 $ 23.85$21.55 $ 25.01 15026Food Serviceand Lodging Manager$ 15.37 $ 14,94 $ 15.32 $ 14.81PROFESSIONAL, PARAPROFESSIONAL21114AccountantandAuditor$ 22.39 $ 20.28$19.27 $ 20.60 22121Civil Engineer$ 27.32 $ 26.76$27.75$27.42 22505Electrical and Electronic Technician$16.68 $ 21.34 $ 15.64 $ 18.09 25105Computer Programmer$ 18.36 $ 24.06 $ 24.28$23.77 27308HumanServices Worker $10.08$11.99 $ 11.66 $ 11.50 31305Teacher,Elernentary$ 21.70 $ 22.81 $ 22.75 $ 21.35 32505Licensed Practical Nurse$ 13.32 $ 13.52$13.54 $ 14.43MARKETING AND SALES OCCUPATIONS43017Sales Agent, Business Services $15,56 $ 18.30 $ 19.30 $ 19.37 49021Stock Clerk, Sales Floor$ 8.56 $8.47 $ 8.31 $ 8.35ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT55108Secretary, Exc. LegalandMedical$ 9.68 $1l.39$ 11.02$11.14 55338Bookkeeping, Accounting Clerk$ 11.61$11.16 $ 11.22 $ 11.49SERVICE OCCUPATIONS63008FireFighter$ 13.09 $ 14,51$12.73 $ 15.06 65008WaiterandWaitress$ 6.18 $ 6.07 $ 6.21 $ 6.19 66017Physical Therapy Assistant $11.64$12.69 $ 12.18$12.80 67005JanitorandCleaner$ 7.70 $ 7.92 $ 7.74 $ 7.65AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING79021 Farm Equipment Operator$ 9.39$9.32 $ 7.54$8.98 79856 Farm Worker, FoodandFiber Crops $6.45 $ 6.37$6.69$6.55PRODUCTION, OPER., MAINTENANCE81008FirstLine Supervisor, Production$ 16.29 $ 16.63$16,77 $ 17,34 85902Heating,Ale,Refrigeration Mechanic$ 12.46 $ 13.30 $ 12.97 $ 13.03 87102 Carpenter $ 12.23 $ 11.82$13.30$12.46 89108Machinist $13.58$13.18 $ 13.02$13.62 91714Metal Fabricator,StructuralMetal$ 11.21$10.17$13.82$U.3192974Packaging, Filling Machine Operator$ 8.15$8,44 $ 9.16$8.50 97102Truck Driver, Heavy$ 11.08 $ 11.82 $ 12.89 $ 12,82 97956Operating Engineer $ 15.09 $ 12.83$13.00$13.69 98705Refuse Collector$ 10.39 $11.37$ 11.90 $ 11.01SOURCE: FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation91

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TABLE 661999 AVERAGEHOURLYWAGERATES Selected Occupations in Hardee Countyand Comparison Areas OCCUPATIONCODE 1'ITLE HardeeCountyHillsboro.Orange StateEXECUTIVE, ADMIN., MANAGERIAL13011Marketing, Public Relations Manager$ 19.29 $ 25.75 $ 25.14 $ 25.40 15008 MedicineandHealth Service Manager $24.48 $ 23.85$21.55 $ 25.01 15026Food ServiceandLodging Manager$ 15.37 $ 14.94$15.32$14.81PROFESSIONAL, PARAPROFESSIONAL21114AccountantandAuditor $22.39 $ 20.28 $ 19.27 $ 20.60 22121Civil Engineer$ 27.32$26.76 $ 27.75 $ 27.42 22505ElectricalandElectronic Technician$ 16.68 $ 21.34 $ 15.64 $ 18.09 25105Computer Programmer$ 18.36 $ 24.06 $ 24.28$23.77 27308HumanServices Worker$ 10.08 $ 11.99 $ 11.66 $ 11.50 31305Teacher, Eaernentary $ 21.70 $ 22.81 $ 22.75 $ 21.35 32505Licensed Practical Nurse $ 13.32 $ 13.52 $ 13.54 $ 14.43MARKETING AND SALES OCCUPATIONS43017Sales Agent, Business Services$ 15.56 $ 18.30 $ 19.30 $ 19.37 49021Stock Clerk, Sales Floor$ 8.56 $ 8.47 $ 8.31 $ 8.35ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT55108Secretary, Exc. Legal andMedical$ 9.68 $ 11.39 $ 11.02 $ 11.14 55338Bookkeeping, Accounting Clerk$11.61 $ 11.16$1l.22$ 11.49SERVICE OCCUPATIONS63008Fire Fighter$ 13.09$14.51 $ 12.73 $ 15.06 65008WaiterandWaitress$6.18$6.07$6.21 $ 6.19 66017Physical Therapy Assistant$ 11.64 $ 12.69 $ 12.18 $ 12.80 67005JanitorandCleaner$ 7.70 $ 7.92 $ 7.74 $ 7.65AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING79021FarmEquipment Operator$9.39 $ 9.32 $ 7.54 $ 8.98 79856FarmWorker, FoodandFiber Crops$ 6.45 $ 6.37 $ 6.69 $ 6.55PRODUCTION, OPER., MAINTENANCE81008FirstLine Supervisor, Production$ 16.29 $ 16.63$16.77 $ 17.34 85902Heating,AlC,Refrigeration Moohanic $ 12.46 $ 13.30 $ 12.97 $ 13.03 87102 Carpenter $ 12.23 $ 11.82$13.30 $ 12.46 89108Machinist$ 13.58$13.18 $ 13.02$13.62 91714Metal Fabricator,StructuralMetal$11.21$10.17 $ 13.82 $ 11.31 92974Packaging, Filling Machine Operator $ 8.15$8.44 $ 9.16$8.50 97102Truck Driver, Heavy$ 11.08 $ 11.82 $ 12.89$12.82 97956 Operating Engineer$ 15.09 $ 12.83$13.00 $ 13.69 98705 Refuse Collector$ 10.39 $ 11.37$11.90 $ 11.01SOURCE: FL. Agency for Workforcfl Innovation92

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TABLE 671999AVERAGEHOURLYWAGERATESSelected Occupati9ns inHighlands CountyandComparison AreasOCCUPATION'CODE TITLEHighlands County Hillsboro. Orange StateEXECUTIVE, ADMIN., MANAGERIAL 13011 Marketing, Public Relations Manager $ 19.29 $ 25.75 $ 25.14 $ 25.40 15008 MedicineandHealth Service Manager $ 24.48 $ 23.85 $ 21.55 $ 25.01 15026 Food Serviceand Lodging Manager$ 15.37 $ 14.94 $ 15.32 $ 14.81 PROFESSIONAL, PARAPROFESSIONAL 21114 AccountantandAuditor $ 22.39$20.28 $ 19.27 $ 20.60 22121 Civil Engineer $27.32$26.76 $ 27.75 $ 27.42 22505 ElectricalandElectronic Technician $ 16.68 $ 21.34 $ 15.64 $ 18.09 25105 ComputerProgrammer$ 18.36 $ 24.06 $ 24.28 $ 23.77 27308HumanServices Worker $ 10.08 $ 11.99 $ 11.66 $ 11.50 31305Teacher,Elementary$21.70 $ 22.81 $ 22.75 $ 21.35 32505 Licensed Practical Nurse$13.32 $ 13.52 $ 13.54 $ 14.43 MARKETING ANDSAtESOCCUPATIONS 43017 Sales Agent, Business Services$15.56 $ 18.30 $ 19.30 $ 19.37 49021 Stock Clerk,SalesFloor $ 8.56 $ 8.47$8.31 $ 8.35 ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT 55108 Secretary, Exc. LegalandMedical$9.68 $ 11.39 $ 11.02$11.14 55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting Clerk $ 11.61 $ 11.16 $ 11.22$11.49 SERVICE OCCUPATIONS 63008FireFighter$ 13.09 $ 14.51 $ 12.73$15.06 65008 WaiterandWaitress $ 6.18 $ 6.07 $ 6.21$6.19 66017 Physical TherapyAssistant$ 11.64 $ 12.69 $ 12.18 $ 12.80 67005JanitorandCleaner$ 7.70 $ 7.92$7.74 $ 7.65 AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING 79021FarmEquipmentOperator$9.39 $ 9.32 $ 7.54 $ 8.98 79856FarmWorker, FoodandFiber Crops $ 6.45 $ 6.37 $ 6.69 $ 6.55 PRODUCTION, OPER., MAINTENANCE 81008 FirstLine Supervisor, Production $ 16.29$16.63 $ 16.77 $ 17.34 85902 Heating,NC,Refrigeration Mechanic$12.46 $ 13.30 $ 12.97$13.03 87102Carpenter$ 12.23$11.82 $ 13.30 $ 12.46 89108 Machinist $ 13.58 $ 13.18$13.02 $ 13.62 91714MetalFabricator,StructuralMetal$11.21$10.17 $ 13.82$11.31 92974 Packaging, Filling MachineOperator$8.15$8.44 $ 9.16$8.5097102 Truck Driver, Heavy$11.08 $11.82$12.89 $ 12.82 97956Operating Engineer $15.09 $ 12.83 $ 13.00 $ 13.69 98705 Refuse Collector $ 10.39 $ 11.37 $ 11.90 $ 11.01 SOURCE: FL. Agency for Workforce lnnovation93

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TABLE 681999 AVERAGEHOURLYWAGERATESSelected OccupationsinOkeechobee CountyandComparison Areas OCCUPATION CODE TITLE Okeechobee County Hillsboro. OrangeStateEXECUTIVE, ADMIN., MANAGERIAL 13011 Marketing, Public RelationsManager$ 22.72 $ 25.75 $ 25.14$25.40 15008MedicineandHealth Service Manager$ 23.69 $ 23.85 $ 21.55 $ 25.01 15026Food Service andLodging Manager $16.25$ 14.94 $ 15.32 $ 14.81PROFESSIONAL, PARAPROFESSIONAL21114AccountantandAuditor$ 21.68 $ 20.28 $ 19.27 $ 20.60 22121Civil Engineer$ 24.06 $ 26.76 $ 27.75 $ 27.42 22505ElectricalandElectronic Technician$ 15.38 $ 21.34 $ 15.64 $ 18.09 25105Computer Programmer $ 20.66 $ 24.06 $ 24.28$23.77 27308 HumanServices Worker$ 11.89 $ 11.99$11.66$11.5031305Teacher, Elementary$ 21.37 $ 22.81 $ 22.75 $ 21.35 32505Licensed Practical Nurse$15.47 $ 13.52 $ 13.54 $ 14.43MARKETING AND SALES OCCUPATIONS43017 Sales Agent, Business Services $ 13.88 $ 18.30$19.30 $ 19.37 49021Stock Clerk, Sales Floor$ 8.55 $ 8.47 $ 8.31 $ 8.35ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT55108Secretary, Exc. LegalandMedical$ 9.76 $ 11.39 $ 11.02 1$ 11.14 55338Bookkeeping, Accounting Clerk$ 10.92 $ 11.16 $ 11.22 $ 11.49SERVICE OCCUPATIONS63008 Fire Fighter$ 13.63 $ 14.51 $ 12.73$15.06 65008WaiterandWaitress$ 6.28 $ 6.07 $ 6.21 $ 6.19 66017Physical Therapy Assistant$ 18.97 $ 12.69 $ 12.18 $ 12.80 67005JanitorandCleaner$ 8.22 $ 7.92 $ 7.74 $ 7.65AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING79021 Farm Equipment Operator$ 8.28 $ 9.32 $ 7.54 $ 8.98 79856 Farm Worker, FoodandFiber Crops$ 6.67 $ 6.37 $ 6.69$6.55PRODUCTION, OPER., MAINTENANCE81008FirstLine Supervisor, Production$ 16.98$16.63 $ 16.77 $ 17.34 85902Heating,NC,Refrigeration Mechanic$ 12.29$13.30 $ 12.97 $ 13.03 87102Carpenter$ 11.99$11.82 $ 13.30 $ 12.46 89108Machinist$ 15.26 $ 13.18 $ 13.02$13.62 91714Metal Fabricator,StructuralMetal$10.33$ 10.17 $ 13.82$U.3192974Packaging, Filling Machine Operator$ 8.25 $ 8.44 $ 9.16 $ 8.50 97102 Truck Driver, Heavy$ 12.00 $ 11.82 $ 12.89 $ 12.82 97956Operating Engineer$12.71$ 12.83 $ 13.00 $ 13.69 98705Refuse Collector$14.21 $U.37$ 11.90 $ 11.01SOURCE: FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation 94

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TABLE 691999AVERAGEHOURLYWAGERATESSelected OccupationsinPolk CountyandComparison Areas OCCUPATION CODE TITLEPolkCountyHillsboro.OrangeStateEXECUTIVE, ADMIN., MANAGERIAL 13011 Marketing, Public Relations Manager $20.88 $ 25.75$25.14 $ 25.40 15008 MedicineandHealthService Manager$22.78$23.85$21.55 $ 25.01 15026 Food ServiceandLodging Manager$13.35 $ 14.94 $ 15.32 $ 14.81 PROFESSIONAL, PARAPROFESSIONAL 21114 AccountantandAuditor$25.69 $ 20.28$19.27 $ 20.60 22121 Civil Engineer $ 27.80 $ 26.76$27.75 $ 22505 ElectricalandElectronic Technician$17.13$21.34$15.64$18.09 25105 ComputerProgrammer$22.50$24.06$24.28$23.77 27308Human Services Worker$12.37$11.99 $ 11.66 $ 11.50 31305Teacher,Elementary$ 22.81 $ 22.81 $ 22.75$21.35 32505 Licensed Practical Nurse $ 12.21 $ 13.52$13.54$14.43 MARKETING AND SALES OCCUPATIONS 43017 Sales Agent, Business Services $ 16.94$18.30 $ 19.30$19.37 49021 Stock Clerk,SalesFloor $ 8.66 $ 8.47 $ 8.31 $ 8.35 ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT 55108 Secretary, Exc. LegalandMedical$10.n$11.39 $ 11.02 $ 11.14 55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting Clerk$10.61 $ 11.16 $ 11.22 $ 11.49 SERVlCE OCCUPATIONS 63008 FireFighter$ 9.92 $ 14.51$12.73 $ 15.06 65008 WaiterandWaitress $ 5.86 $ 6.07 $ 6.21 $ 6.19 66017 Physical TherapyAssistant$10.83 $ 12.69 $ 12.18 $ 12.80 67005JanitorandCleaner $ 6.90 $ 7.92 $ 7.74 $ 7.65 AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING 79021FarmEquipmentOperator$7.84$9.32 $ 7.54$8.98 79856FarmWorker, FoodandFiberCrops$7.07$6.37$6.69$6.55 PRODUCTION, OPER., MAINTENANCE 81008FirstLine Supervisor, Production $ 18.33$16.63$16.77 $ 17.34 85902 Heating,NC,Refrigeration Mechanic $13.44$13.30 $ 12.97 $ 13.03 87102Carpenter$10.71 $ 11.82 $ 13.30$12.46 89108 Machinist $ 14.79$13.18 $ 13.02$13.62 91714MetalFabricator,StructuralMetal$ 12.62 $ 10.17 $ 13.82$11.31 92974 Packaging, Filling MachineOperator$ 8.93$8.44$9.16$8.50 97102 Truck Driver, Heavy $ 13.54$1l.82$ 12.89 $ 12.82 97956OperatingEngineer $ 13.05$12.83$13.00$13.69 98705Refuse Collector $ 10.17$1l.37 $ 11.90$B.OlSOURCE: FL. Agency for WDrkforce Innovation95

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TABLE 701999AVERAGEHOURLYWAGERATESSelected OccupationsinHillsborough CountyandComparison Areas OCCUPATION CODE TITLEHillsborough Orange State EXECUTIVE, ADMIN., MANAGERIAL 13011Marketing,Public RelationsManager$25.75$25.14$25.40 15008 MedicineandHealth Service Manager$23.85$21.55$25.01 15026 Food Service andLodgingManager$14.94$15.32$14.81 PROFESSIONAL, PARAPROFESSIONAL 21114 AccountantandAuditor$20.28$19.27$20.60 22121 CivilEngineer $ 26.76$27.75$27.42 22505 ElectricalandElectronic Technician$21.34$15.64$18.09 25105ComputerProgrammer$24.06$24.28$23.77 27308HumanServicesWorker$11.99$11.66$11.50 31305Teacher,Elementary$22.81$22.75$21.35 32505 LicensedPracticalNurse$13.52$13.54$14.43 MARKETING AND SALES OCCUPATIONS 43017Sales Agent, Business Services $18.30$19.30$19.37 49021 Stock Clerk,SalesFloor$8.47$8.31$8.35 ADMINISTRATIVESUPPORT55108Secretary,Exc. LegalandMedical$11.39$11.02$11.14 55338 Bookkeeping, AccountingClerk$11.16$1l.22$11.49 63008FireFighter$14.51$12.73$15.06 65008WaiterandWaitress$6.07$6.21$6.19 66017 PhysicalTherapyAssistant$12.69$12.18$12.80 67005JanitorandCleaner$7.92$7.74$7.65 AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY,FISHING79021 Farm EquipmentOperator$9.32$7.54$8.98 79856 Farm Worker, FoodandFiberCrops$6.37$6.69$6.55 PRODUCTION, OPER., MAINTENANCE 81008FirstLine Supervisor, Production$16.63$16.77$17.34 85902 Heating,AlC,Refrigeration Mechanic$13.30$12.97$13.03 87102Carpenter$11.82$13.30$12.46 89108Machinist$13.18$13.02$13.62 91714MetalFabricator,StructuralMetal$10.17$13.82$11.31 92974 Packaging, Filling MachineOperator$8.44$9.16$8.50 97102TruckDriver, Heavy$11.82$12.89$12.82 97956OperatingEngineer$12.83$13.00$13.69 98705 Refuse Collector $11.37$11.90$11.01 SOURCE: FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation96

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TABLE711999 AVERAGE HOURLYWAGE RATESSelected OccupationsinOrange CountyandComparison AreasOCCUPATION CODE TITLE Orange HillsboroughStateEXECUTIVE, ADMIN., MANAGERIAL 13011 Marketing, Public Relations Manager$25.14$25.75$25.40 15008 MedicineandHealth Service Manager$21.55$23.85$25.01 1502B Food Service andLodgingManager$15.32$14.94$14.81 PROFESSIONAL, PARAPROFESSIONAL 21114 AccountantandAuditor$19.27$20.28$20.60 22121 Civil Engineer$27.75$26.76$27.42 22505 ElectricalandElectronic Technician$15.64$21.34$18.09 25105 ComputerProgrammer$24.28$24.06$23.77 27308Human Services Worker$11.66$11.99$11.50 31305 Teacher, Elementary $22.75$22.81$21.35 32505 Licensed PracticalNurse$13.54$13.52$14.43 MARKETING AND SALES OCCUPATIONS 43017SalesAgent, Business Services $19.30$18.30$19.37 49021 Stock Clerk, Sales Floor$8.31$8.47$8.35 ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT 55108 Secretary, Exc. LegalandMedical$11.02$11.39$11.14 55338 Bookkeeping, Accounting Clerk$11.22$11.16$11.49 63008 FireFighter$12.73$14.51$15.06 65008WaiterandWaitress $ 6.21$6.07 $ 6.19 66017 Physical TherapyAssistant$12.18$12.69$12.80 67005JanitorandCleaner$7.74$7.92$7.65 AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING 79021 Farm EquipmentOperator$7.54$9.32$8.98 79856FarmWorker, FoodandFiberCrops$6.69$6.37$6.55 PRODUCTION, OPER., MAINTENANCE 81008FirstLine Supervisor, Production $ 16.77$16.63$17.34 85902 Heating,AlC,Refrigeration Mechanic$12.97$13.30$13.03 87102Carpenter$13.30$11.82$12.46 89108 Machinist$13.02$13.18$13.62 91714 Metal Fabricator,StructuralMetal$13.82$10.17$11.31 92974 Packaging, Filling MachineOperator$9.16$8.44$8.50 97102TruckDriver, Heavy$12.89$11.82$12.82 97956OperatingEngineer$13.00$12.83$13.69 98705 Refuse Collector$11.90$11.37$11.01 SOURCE: FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation97

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TABLE721999AVERAGEHOURLYWAGERATESSelected OccupationsinStateof FloridaandComparison AreasOCCUPATION CODE TITLEStateHillsborough Orange EXECUTIVE, ADMIN., MANAGERIAL13011 Marketing, Public Relations Manager$25.40$25.75$25.14 15008MedicineandHealth Service Manager$25.01$23.85$21.55 15026Food ServiceandLodging Manager$14.81$14.94$15.32PROFESSIONAL, PARAPROFESSIONAL21114AccountantandAuditor $ 20.60$20.28$19.27 22121Civil Engineer$27.42$26.76 $ 27.75 22505ElectricalandElectronic Technician$18.09$21.34$15.64 25105Computer Programmer $23.77$24.06$24.28 27308Human Services Worker$11.50$11.99$11.66 31305Teacher, Elementary$21.35$22,81$22.75 32505Licensed Practical Nurse$14.43$13.52$13.54MARKETING AND SALES OCCUPATIONS43017Sales Agent, Business Services $19.37$18.30$19.30 49021Stock Clerk, Sales Floor$ 8.35 $8.47$8.31ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT55108Secretary, Exc. Legal andMedical$11.14$1l.39$11.02 55338Bookkeeping, Accounting Clerk$11.49$11.16$11.22 63008Fire Fighter$15.06$14.51$12.73 65008WaiterandWaitress$6.19$6.07$6.21 66017Physical Therapy Assistant$12.80$12.69$12.18 67005JanitorandCleaner$7.65$7.92$7.74AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY, FISHING79021FarmEquipment Operator$8.98$9.32$7.54 79856 Farm Worker, Foodand Fiber Crops$6.55$6.37$6.69PRODUCTION, OPER., MAINTENANCE81008FirstLine Supervisor, Production$17.34$16.63$16.77 85902Heating,AlC,Refrigeration Mechanic$13.03$13.30$12.97 87102 Carpenter $12.46$11.82$13.30 89108Machinist $ 13.62$13.18$13.02 91714Metal Fabricator, Structurlil Metal$11.31$10.17$13.82 92974Packaging, Filling Machine Operator$8.50$8.44$9.16 97102Truck Driver, Heavy$12.82$11.82$12.89 97956Operating Engineer$13.69$12.83$13.00 98705 Refuse Collector$11.01$11.37$11.90SOURCE: FL. Agency for Workforce Innovation98

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APPENDIXD:INDUSTRY STRUCTURETables for DeSoto, Hardee, Highlands, Okeechobee and Polk Counties, and the comparison areasofHillsborough and Orange Counties and the StateofFlorida. Pages101-10899

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREDeSotoCounty19901991 1992 19931994 19951996 1997 19981999 2000 COVERED EMPLOY. 7,9948,3777,975 8,083 8,343 8,878 8,869 9,0108,9348,8408,576 %HshldEmployment88.9%89.8% 89.3% 90.5% 92.0% 95.1% 96.5% 99.3% 107.3% 110.2% 108.0% GOODS-PRODUCING 2,425 2,392 2,230 2,412 2,679 3,060 3,167 3,428 3,522 3,4493,250Agriculture1,555 1,684 1,641 1,983 2,263 2,631 2,634 2,9082,974 2,857 2,616Construction254218214 189 167 168 182 222 211 275320Manufacturing480 348 237 10299106 235228243206225Utilities136142 138 138 150 155 116709411189 I-' SERVICE-PRODUCING 5,664 5,326 05,5695,985 5,745 5,671 5,818 5,702 5,582 5,412 5,391 I-'Trade 1,293 1,399 1,439 1,384 1,422 1,440 1,444 1,468 1,367 1,418 1,440 Finance188 190 177 154 156 166 182180173176 177 -:I Services838871903 951 1,034 1,075 1,025 1,030 1,052 1,010 982 CI:lGovernment3,2.50 3,525 3,226 3,182 3,0523,137 3,051 2,904 2,820 2,7872,727 % GOODS-PRODUCING 30.3% 28.6% 28.0% 29.8% 32.1% 34.5% 35.7% 38.0% 39.4% 39.0% 37.90Al %Agriculture19.5% 20.1% 20.6% 24.5% 27.1% 29.6% 29.7% 32.3% 33.3% 32.3%30.5% %Construction3.2% 2.6% 2.7% 2.3%2.0% 1.9% 2.1%2.5%2.4% 3.1% 3.7% %Manufacturing6.0% 4.2% 3.0% 1.3%1.2% 1.2% 2.6% 2.5% 2.7% 2.3% 2.6% %Utilities1.1%1.7% 1.7% 1.7% 1.8% 1.7% 1.3% 0.8% 1.1% 1.3% 1.0% % SERVICE-PRODUCING 69.7% 71.4% 72.0% 70.2% 67.9%65.5% 64.3% 62.0% 60.6% 61.0% 62.1% %Trade16.2%16.7% 18.0% 17.1% 17.0% 16.2% 16.3% 16.3% 15.3% 16.0%16.8% %Finance2.4%2.3% 2.2% 1.9%1.9%1.9% 2.1% 2.0% 1.9% 2.0% 2.1% % Services 10.5%10.4% 11.3% 11.8% 12.4% 12.1% 11.6% 11.4% 11-8% 11.4% 11.5% %Government40.7% 42.1% 40.5% 39.4% 36.6% 35.3% 34.4% 32.2% 31.6%31.5% 31.8%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTURE Hardee County1990 19911992 1993 1994 1996 1996 1997 199819992000COVERED EMPLOY. 6,821 6,895 6,668 7,163 7,790 7,689 7,561 7,718 7,253 7,1456,895%HshldEmployment83.8% 81.2% 81.9% 83.3% 84.1% 79.7% 79.4% 83.0% 87.4% 87.1% 86.6% GOODS-PRODUCING 2,965 3,046 2,833 3,1783,594 3,339 3,1273,300 2,9942,756 2,581Agriculture2,350 2,427 2,248 2,579 2,9682,677 2,482 2,732 2,472 2,212 2,064Construction162170225240263306 272 190 162 183 180Manufacturing320313217 233240 239248263 251241209Utilities133 136 143 126 123 117 125 115 109 120 128 SERVICE-PRODUCING 3,856 3,849 3,835 3,985 4,196 4,350 4,434 4,418 4,2594,389 4,314 Trade 1,424 1,305 1,258 1,296 1,345 1,413 1,408 1,361 1,271 1,350 1,159 E;;I-' Finance198205205215228232238 244242 243 252 "-! 0N8641,204 Services 8817387319531,002 1,061 1,0429861,067Government1,353 1,601 1,641 1,610 1,670 1,703 1,727 1,771 1,760 1,729 1,699 % GOODS-PRODUCING 43.5% 44.2%42.5% 44.4%46.1% 43.4% 41.4% 42.8% 41.3% 38.6% 37.4% %Agriculture34.5% 35.2% 33.7% 36.0% 38.1% 34.8% 32.8% 35.4% 34.1% 31.0% 29.9% %Construction2.4% 2.5% 3.4% 3.4% 3.4% 4.0% 3.6% 2.5% 2.2%2.6%2.6% %Manufacturing4.7% 4.5% 3.3% 3.3%3.1% 3.1% 3.3% 3.4% 3.5% 3.4% 3.0% %Utilities1.9% 2.0% 2.1% 1.8% 1.6%1.5% 1.7% 1.5% 1.5% 1.7% 1.9%%SERVICE-PRODUCING 56.5% 55.8%57.5% 55.6%53.9% 56.6% 58.6%57.2% 58.7% 61.4% 62.6% %1'rade 20.9% 18.9% 18.9% 18.1% 17.3% 18.4% 18.6% 17.6%17.5%18.9%16.8% %Finance2.9% 3.0% 3.1% 3.0% 2.9% 3.0% 3.1% 3.2% 3.3% 3.4% 3.7% % Services 12.9% 10.7% 11.0%12.1%12.2% 13.0% 14.0% 13.5% 13.6% 14.9% 17.5% %Government19.8% 23.2% 24.6% 22.5% 21.4% 22.1% 22.8% 22.9% 24.3% 24.2% 24.6%

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INDUSTRY STRUCTUREHighlandsCounty1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2008 COVERED EMPLOY. 20,479 20,833 20,885 20,894 22,255 22,460 22,502 24,222 23,160 23,03222,900 %HshldEmployment87.2% 86.6% 87.6% 87.1% 89.5% 88.9% 88.7% 97.4%92.8% 95.5% 94.6% GOODS-PRODUCING6,049 6,{}48 5,889 6,113 6,569 6,557 6,577 6,952 7,124 6,808 6,225Agriculture3,079 3,278 3,0883,182 3,534 3,524 3,518 4,041 4,312 4,096 3,396Construction1,116989981 1,0161,104 1,051 1,039 994963978 952Manufacturing1,250 1,177 1,243 1,305 1,315 1,358 1,387 1,338 1,225 1,127 1,218Utilities604604577610616624633 579624607 659 ......B SERVICE-PRODUCING 14,43Q 14,785 14,996 14,781 15,686 15,903 15,925 17,270 16,036 16,224 16,675 Trade 5,610 5,4485,493 5,376 5,4935,7585,754 5,8615,4205,4585,415 E;;; Finance1,033873929939932852958923676654 665 -.I Services 3,942 4,147 4,319 4,481 5,480 5,597 5,454 6,682 6,108 6,255 6,628 Cit Government3,845 4,317 4,255 3,985 3,7813,696 3,759 3,8043,8323,8573,967%GOODS-PRODUCING 29.5% 29.0%28.2%29.3% 29.5% 29.2% 29.2% 28.7% 30.8% 29.6% 27.2%%Agriculture15.0% 15.7% 14.8% 15.2% 15.9% 15.7%15.6% 16.7% 18.6% 17.8% 14.8% %Construction5.4% 4.7% 4.7%4.9% 5.0% 4.7% 4.6% 4.1% 4.2% 4.2% 4.2% %Manufacturing6.1% 5.6% 6.2% 5.9% 6.0%6.2%5.5% 5.3% 4.9% 5.3% %Utilities2.9%2.9% 2.8% 2.9% 2.8%2.8% 2.8% 2.4% 2.7% 2.6% 2.9% % SERVICEPRODUCING 70.5% 71.0% 71.8% 70.7% 70.5% 70.8% 70.8% 71.3% 69.2% 70.4% 72.8% %Trade27.4% 26.2% 26.3%25.7%24.7% 25.6%25.6% 24.2% 23.4% 23.7% 23.6% %Finance5.0% 4.2% 4.4% 4.5% 4.2% 3.8% 4.3% 3.8% 2.9% 2.8% 2.9% % Services 19.2% 19.9% 20.7% 21.4% 24.6% 24.9% 24.2% 27.6% 26.4% 27.2% 28.9%%Government18.8% 20.7% 20.4% 19.1% 17.0% 16.5% 16.7% 15.7% 16.5% 16.7% 17.3%

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INDUSTRY STRUCTUREOkeechobee County1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 1996 19971998 19992000 COVEREDEMPLOY. 7,762 7,850 7,827 8,5518,7158,815 9,616 10,022 10,1889,8329,705 %HshldEmployment61.8% 60.7% 61.4% 63.6% 65.6% 63.6% 62.5% 65.4% 69.2% 67.2% 68."0% GOODSPRODUCING 2,5652,3572,180 2,835 2,806 2,573 2,637 2,836 3,087 2,818 2,847Agriculture1,626 1,451 1,345 1,954 2,028 1,839 1,846 1,992 2,187 1,714 1,698Construction486 457 397 444 383368358404433 466 510Manufacturing275244219218204 170203197172161 166Utilities178 205219219 191196230243 295 477 473 o SERVICE-PRODUCING 5,197 5,493 5,647 5,716 5,909 6,242 6,979 7,186 7,101 7,014 6,858 +:-Trade2,045 2,276 2,340 2,340 2,447 2,606 2,794 2,880 2,744 2,577 2,553 Finance272249250237 232233294289 252244 238 ....Services 1,535 1,622 1,681 1,739 1,795 1,914 2,165 2,253 2,307 2,356 2,257 CS':i Government1,345 1,3461,376 1,400 1,435 1,4891,7261,764 1,798 1,837 1,810 % GOODS-PRODUCING 33.0% 30.0% 27.9% 33.2% 32.2% 29.2% 27.4% 28.3% 30.3% 28.7% 29.3% %Agriculture20.9% 18.5% 17.20-41 22.9% 23.3%20.9% 19.2% 19.9% 21.5% 17.4% 17.5% %Construction6.3% 5.8%5.1% 5.2% 4.4% 4.2% 3.7% 4.0%4.3% 4.7% 5.3% %Manufacturing3.5% 3.1% 2.8% 2.5%2.3% 1.9% 2.1% 2.0% 1.7% 1.6% 1.7% %Utilities2.3% 2.6% 2.8% 2.6% 2.2%2.2% 2.4%2.4% 2.9% 4.9% 4.9% % SERVICE-PRODUCING 67.0% 70.0% 72.1% 66.8%67.8% 70.8% 72.6%71.7% 69.7%71.3% 7{).7% %Trade26.3% 29.0%29.9% 27.4% 28.1%29.6% 29.1% 28.7% 26.9%26.2% 26.3% %Finance3.5%3.2% 3.2% 2.8% 2.7% 2.6% 3.1% 2.9% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% % Services 19.8% 20.7% 21.5% 20.3% 20.6% 21.7% 22.5% 22.5% 22.6% 24.0% 23.3% %Government17.3%17.1% 17.6% 16.4% 16.5% 16.9% 17.9% 17.6% 17.6%18.7% 18.7%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREPolk County 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 19961997 1998 19992000 COVERED EMPLOY.157,062 155,149 152,947 156,734 162,917 165,255 169,636 171,388 177,322 177,898 181,900 %Rshld Employment 87.0%87.3% 88.1% 88.7% 91.1% 92.00A! 93.1% 93.1%94.6% 93.3% 93.2%GOODS-PRODUCING50,466 49,597 47,485 47,29049,757 49,808 51,387 50,203 50,903 49,454 49,209Agriculture8,700 10,453 10,051 10,575 11,052 10,076 10,140 9,670 9,052 7,936 8,211Construction12,382 11,316 10,1429,78610,308 11,299 11,85511,856 12,833 12,43812,339Manufacturing22,352 20,681 20,028 19,433 20,506 20,310 20,970 20,585 20,57720,289 19,737Utilities7,032 7,147 7,264 7,496 7,891 8,123 8,4228,092 8,4418,7918,922 to-' SERVICE-PRODUCING106,596 105,552 105,462 109,444 113,160115,447118,249121,185 126,419 128,444 132,691 0 VI 50,946 Trade 42,32741,213 41,148 42,390 43,30944,76945,73946,963 48,844 49,292Finance7,861 7,366 7,277 7,261 7,424 7,497 7,397 7,5098,0668,070 8,565 ...:JServices 33,420 33,557 33,839 36,273 37,867 38,455 40,389 41,450 43,16044,680 45,940 -..1Government 22,988 23,416 23,198 23,520 24,56024,726 24,724 25,263 26,349 26,402 27,240 %GOODS-PRODUCING 32.1% 32.0% 31.0% 30.2% 30.5% 30.1%30.3% 29.3% 28.7% 27.SOh 27.1% %Agriculture5.5% 6.7% 6.6%6.7%6.8% 6.1% 6.0% 5.6% 5.1% 4.5% 4.5% %Construction7.9% 7.3% 6J,% 6.2%6.3% 6.8% 7.0% 6.9% 7.2% 7.0%6.8% %Manufacturing14.2%13.3% 13.1%12.4%12.6% 12.3% 12.4%12.0% 11.6%11.4% 10.9% %Utilities4.5% 4.6%4.7% 4.8% 4.8% 5.0% 4.7% 4.8% 4.9% 4.9% %SERVICE-PRODUCING67.9% 68.0% 69.0% 69.8% 69.5% 69.9% 69.7% 70.7% 71.3%72.2% 72.9% % Trade 26.9%26.6%26.9% 27.0% 26.6%27.1% 27.0% 27.4% 27.5% 27.7%28.0%%Finance5.0% 4.7%4.8%4.6% 4.6% 4.5% 4.4% 4.4% 4.5% 4.5% 4.7% % Services 21.3% 21.6% 22.1% 23.1% 23.2% 23.3% 23.8% 24.2% 24.3%25.1% 25.3% %Government14.6% 15.1% 15.2% 15.0% 15.1% 15.0% 14.6% 14.7% 14.9% 14.8% 15.00AJ

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREHillsborough County1990 1991 1992 19931994 199/) 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 COVERED EMPLOY. 440,584 428,654 431,883449,039 474,447 492,841 513,568 530,033 554,485573,192 591,832 %Hshld Employment 102.1% 101.5% 101.7% 102.1% 103.2%104.7%107.0%106.2% 107.4% 107.7%106.7% GOODS-PRODUCING 99,766 93,890 92,456 92,833 95,563 96,312 98,423 100,708106,167 108,644 111,247 Agriculture 11,363 11,124 10,941 11,144 11,835 11,692 11,015 10,682 11,708 12,035 11,946 Construction 22,932 20,337 19,293 19,217 20,845 22,226 24,149 25,134 26,669 27,419 28,602Manufacturing40,059 37,975 37,489 37,342 36,979 35,93335,771 36,598 37,498 37,430 37,892Utilities25,412 24,454 24,73325,13025,904 26,46127,48828,294 30,292 31,760 32,807 ..... 0 '" SERVICE-PRODUCING 340,818 334,764 339,427 356,206 378,884 396,529 415,145 429,325 448,318 464,548 480,585 Trade114,563 107,410 107,591110,618 116,313121,382 125,248128,171 126,739 126,881129,860 E;; Finance34,928 35,216 35,731 35,335 37,79437,969 40,737 42,179 45,15046,870 47,266 ....:lServices 129,424 129,548 132,733146,489159,444 171,293 183,295193,163 207,583 223,260 233,581 (Xl Government61,903 62,590 63,372 63,764 65,333 65,885 65,865 65,812 68,846 67,537 69,878 % GOODS-PRODUCING 22.6% 21.90AI 21.4% 20.7% 20.1% 19.5% 19.2%19.0% 19.1% 19.0% 18.8% % Agriculture 2.6%2.6% 2.5% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.1% 2.0% 2.1%2.1% 2.0% % Construction 5.2% 4.7% 4.5% 4.3% 4.4%4.5% 4.7% 4.7% 4.8% 4.8% 4.8% %Manufacturing9.1% 8.9% 8.7% 8.3% 7.8% 7.3%7.0% 6.9% 6.8% 6.5% 6.4% %Utilities5.8% 5.7% 5.7% 5.6% 5.5%5.4% 5.4% 5.3% 5.5% 5.5% 5.5% % SERVICE-PRODUCING 77.4% 78.1% 78.6% 79.3% 79.9% 80.5%80.8% 81.00AJ, 80.9% 81.0% 81.2%% Trade 26.0% 25.1% 24.9% 24.6% 24.5% 24.6% 24.4% 24.2% 22.9% 22.1% 21-9%%Finance7.9% 8.2%8.3% 7.9% 8.0% 7.7% 7.9% 8.0% 8.1% 8.2% 8.0% % Services 29.4% 30.2% 30.7% 32.6% 33.6% 34.8% 35.7% 36.4% 37.4% 39.00Al 39.5% %Government14.1% 14.6% 14.7% 14.2% 13.8% 13.4% 12.8% 12.4% 12.4% 11.8% 11.8%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREOrangeCounty1990 1991 199219931994 1998 1996 1997 1998 19992000COVERED EMPLOY. 429,105 424,765 436,045 457,781 474,650 489,690 515,807 537,107 568,305 590,824 612,941 %HshldEmployment116.1%117.0%118.2% 119.6%120.1% 121.5%123.5% 122.5% 124.3% 123.7% 122.6% GOODSPRODUCING 97,643 91,510 91,199 94,25994,66894,608 99,132 99,634 105,306 106,886 108,94Q Agriculture 8,304 8,3948,263 9,0588,9658,7158,650 8,579 8,6628,4938,729Construction24,895 20,219 19,345 20,741 21,990 22,640 25,10925,195 26,877 27,212 28,673Manufacturing38,981 36,616 35,795 35,378 33,865 33,727 35,347 35,124 36,845 37,200 37,342Utilities25,463 26,281 27,79629,08229,84829,526 30,026 30,736 32,922 33,981 34,196 I-' SERVICE-PRODUCING 331,462 333,255344,846 363,522 379,982 395,082 416,675 437,473 462,999 483,938 504,001 0 -....J Trade105,411 100,029 101,548 104,168 108,828114,159119,149 123,885 129,529 135,164 138,397 Finance25,948 26,66427,018 28,147 29,260 29,244 30,901 31,419 32,852 38,640 33,645 "'" Services 152,035 156,413165,670179,749 189,811 200,889214,680 228,382 245,092 252,460 272,987 (C Government48,068 50,149 50,61051,458 52,083 50,790 51,945 53,787 55,526 57,674 58,972 % GDODS-PRODUCING 22.8% 21.5% 20.9% 20.6% 19.9% 19.3% 19.2% 18.6% 18.5% 18.1% 17.8% %Agriculture 1.9OA, 2.0% 1.9% 2.0% 1.9% 1.8% 1.7% 1.6% 1.5%" 1.4% 1.4% %Construction5.8% 4.8% 4.4% 4.5% 4.6% 4.6% 4.9% 4.7% 4.7% 4.6% 4.7% %Manufacturing9.1% 8.6% 8.2% 7.7% 7.1% 6.9% 6.9%6.5%6.5% 6.3% 6.1% %Utilities5.9% 6.2%6.4% 6.4% 6.3% 6.0% 5.8% 5.7% 5.8% 5.8% 5.6% % SERVICE-PRODUCING 77.2% 78.5% 79.1%79.4% 80.1% 80.7% 80.8% 81.4%81.5% 81.9% 82.2% %Trade24.6% 23.5% 23.3%22.8% 22.9010 23.3%23.1% 23.1% 22.8%22.9%22.6% %Finance6.0% 6.3% 6.2% 6.1% 6.2% 6.0% 6.0% 5.8% 5.8%6.5%5.5% % Services 35.4% 36.8%38.0% 39.3% 40.0% 41.0% 41.6% 42.5% 43.1% 42.7% 44.5% %Government11.2% 11.8% 11.6% 11.2% 11.0% 10.4% 10.1% 10.0% 9.8% 9.8% 9.6%

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INDUSTRYSTRUCTUREStateofFlorida19901991 19921993 1994 1996 1996 199719981999 2000 COVERED EMPLOY. 5,407 5,317 5,371 5,593 5,818 6,0096,1826,373 6,611 6,837 7,070 % HshldEmployment89.0% 88.5%89.3% 90.3% 91.4% 92.8% 93.6% 94.0% 95.5% 96.5% 96.7%GooDSPRODUCING1,264 1,195 1,1681,208 1,232 1,239 1,280 1,296 1,332 1,356 1,381Agriculture144 149 146 154 158 153 154 153 156155 150Construction332 286 273 291 302 311 331338 355 373396Manufacturing520 492481484484 480489490492488 485Utilities 268 268 268279288295306315329340350 SERVICEPRODUCING 4,143 4,122 4,203 4,385 4,586 4,770 4,902 5,077 5,279 5,481 5,689 Trade1,455 1,413 1,4241,467 1,522 1,579 1,632 1,667 1,711 1,738 .... 1,784 tfj 0Finance366356350357373 372386 397 423439437 ex:> Services1,4871,505 1,575 1,692 1,796 1,917 1,975 2,093 2,210 2,353 2,491 = Government835848854 869895902909920935951 977 %GOODSPRODUCING23.4% 22.5% 21.7% 21.6% 21.2%20.6% 20.7% 20.3% 20.1% 19.8% 19.5%% Agriculture 2.7% 2.8% 2.7% 2.8% 2.7% 2.5% 2.5% 2.4% 2.4% 2.3% 2.1% % Construction 6.1% 5.4%5.1% 5.2% 5.2% 5.2% 5.4% 5.3% 5.4% 5.5% 5.6% %Manufacturing9.6% 9.3%9.0% 8.7% 8.3% 8.0% 7.9% 7.7% 7.4% 7.1% 6.SOAi %Utilities5.0% 5.0%5.0% 5.0% 5.0% 4.9% 4.9% 4,9% 5.0% 5.0% 5.0% % SERVICEPRODUCING 76.6%77.5% 78.3% 78.4% 78.8%79.4% 79.3% 79.7% 79.9% 80.2% 80.5% %Trade26.9% 26.6% 26.5% 26.2%26.2%26.3% 26.4% 26.2% 25.9% 25.4% 25.2% %Finance6.8%6.7% 6.5% 6.4%6.4% 6.2% 6.2% 6.2% 6.4% 6.4% 6.2%% Services 27.5%28.3% 29.3% 30.3% 30.9% 31.9% 31.9% 32.8% 33.4% 34.4% 35.2% %Government15.4% 15.9% 15.9% 15.5% 15.4% 15.0% 14.7% 14.4% 14.1% 13.9% 13.8%

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APPENDIXE:EARNINGSBYINDUSTRYTables forDeSoto, Hardee, Highlands, OkeechobeeandPolk Counties,andthe comparison areas of HillsboroughandOrange CountiesandtheStateof Florida. Pages111 118109

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110

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EARNINGSBYINDUSTRYDe Soto County Est.Est.(ThousandsofDollars)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 19961997 1998 1999 2000 TOTAL ALLINDUSTRIES157,561 171,797 178,422 186,714193,877 204,775 218,899 231,532246,650 241,010 248,281 TOTAL PRIVATE 87,593 96,186 103,061 109,868 114,557 121,790 130,736 140,663152,324 152,711 152,403Agriculture16,539 19,853 25,587 34,060 35,83439,195 43,662 49;093 54,099 50,703 46,853Construction&Mining11,546 13,048 11,402 10,269 7,972 7,987 7,794 8,823 8,825 11,76614,066Manufacturing7,053 7,084 6,554 2,845 2,818 4,030 8,289 8,505 8,149 8,093 9,196Utilities&Communication 4,468 5,182 5,646 6,6956,560 5,076 4,908 4,609 6,1106,6155,330 Wholesale&RetailTrade19,864 20,156 21,560 23,131 25,041 24,98Q, 25,970 27,504 29,945 32,196 32,605Finance3,660 3,877 4,3434,1844,277 4,844 5,4055,628 6,032 6,555 6,556 Services 24,463 26,986 27,969 28,684 32,055 35,678 34,708 36,501 39,164 36,783 37,797 ...... ............t"" TOTAL GOVERNMENT 69,968 75,611 15,361 76,846 79,320 82,98588,163 90,86994,32694,299 95,878 tziFederal 2,599 2,484 2,753 2,8052,9713,149 3,2823,2263,405 3,629 4,672 ..... State45,165 48,984 47,067 47,49548,438 50,921 54,155 56,26257,890 58,769 59,675 Local 22,20424,143 25,54126,546 27,911 28,915 30,726 31,381 33,031 31,901 31,531SOURCE:U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor, U.S.BureauofEconomic Analysis

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EARNINGS BY INDUSTRYHardeeCountyEst.Est.(ThousandsofDollars)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 118,732 126,152 131,883 139,231 151,917 163,289 175,189 186,423 195,716 199,572199,886 TOTAL PRIVATE 84,758 85,301 87,768 95,310 104,784113,519 122,573 128,992 136,858 137,768 139,020Agriculture12,850 15,790 16,212 19,229 20,674 23,079 25,407 28,426 30,414 27,129 25,093 Construction & Mining 6,289 6,394 6,9627,338 7,863 7,701 10,008 6,370 7,202 7,388 7,802Manufacturing7,070 7,219 4,960 5,1635,168 6,548 6,9778,2838,7368,488 7,274Utilities& Communication 5,765 6,299 6,263 5,901 6,137 5,510 5,633 5,788 5,777 6,050 6,777 Wholesale &RetailTrade24,99023,602 26,549 28,053 31,35133,953 35,233 36,774 38,322 39,861 36,510Finance4,326 4,643 5,328 6,268 6,486 7,472 7,151 7,644 8,122 8,407 9,040 ......Services 23,468 21,354 21,49423,35827,105 29,256 32,16435,707 38,285 40,445 46,525 ......N TOTAL GOVERNMENT 33,974 40,851 44,115 43,921 47,133 49,770 52,616 57,431 58,858 61,804 60,866 ;QO Federal2,502 2,446 2,651 2,6752,838 3,0353,117 3,126 3,1773,272 4,422 State4,721 9,763 12,476 13,359 15,040 16,71718,530 20,719 21,271 20,89220,313 Local 26,751 28,642 28,988 27,887 29,25530,018 30,969 33,586 34,410 37,640 36,131 SOURCES:U.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor,U.s.BureauofEconomic Analysis

PAGE 115

EARNINGS BY INDUSTRYHighlandsCountyEst.Est. (rhousands ofDollars)1998 1991 19921993 1994 1996 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 430,344452,442 481,789 510,079 538,001 557,740573,776 607,941 626,782 629,924 653,814 TOTAL PRIVATE 331,571348,861 378,664 408,241 430,816 446,048 458,032 486,907 500,929 496,122 510,720 Agriculture 24,861 31,63633,070 40,453 40,398 43,249 46,238 54,356 58,020 51,557 45,151 Construction&Mining 39,813 36,941 39,164 42,063 45,159 40,431 40,368 40,305 42,026 41,844 42,103Manufacturing29,799 31,125 37,748 40,880 41,005 42,23245,801 45,106 43,941 42,97846,772 I-' Utilities&Communication 19,070 20,928 21,34422,897 24,38424,686 25,507 26,088 25,112 25,853 29,730 I-'w Wholesale& Retail Trade83,583 86,606 88,541 94,097 92,36197,855 102,763 107,784 109,352 111,362nO,936Finance21,831 21,347 27,872 28,868 31,650 27,790 26,928 29,309 26,071 24,918 25,170 Services 112,614 120,278 130,925 138,983 155,859 169,805 170,427 183,959 196,407 197,610 210,858 t TOTAL GOVERNMENT 98,773 103,581103,125 101,838 107,185 111,692 115,744 121,034 125,853 133,802 143,094
PAGE 116

EARNINGS BYINDUSTRYOkeechobee CountyEst.Est.(ThousandsofDollars)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1996 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 159,558167,423 173,544 181,843192,398 208,570 228,980 249,747 259,478 276,723 277,715 TOTAL PRIVATE 122,688 128,671 133,301 139,454 147,402 160,338 171,228 188,808 194,932 210,125 209,603 Agriculture 5,8576,3395,245 6,447 5,777 6,614 6,606 8,1899,0107,339 7,500Construction&Mining 14,713 14,154 12,35213,111 12,177 11,938 13,074 14,612 15,815 17,428 19,429Manufacturing7,171 6,8756,727 6,542 6,329 5,620 6,628 6,754 6,115 6,0936,334Utilities&Communication 8,5659,60910,187U,03810,317 10,31411,546 13,-016 15,656 26,866 25,764 Wholesale&RetailTrade32,134 33,759 36,34238,871 42,87346,335 50,042 55,137 54,495 49,548 52,243 I-' Finance6,2966,4837,104 7,403 10,074 13,957 9,120 9,285 8,252 7,248 8,792 I-'.p. Services 47,952 51,452 55,344 56,042 59,855 65,560 74,212 81,815 85,589 95,602 89,541 TOTALGOVERNMENT 36,'870 38,752 40,24342,389 44,996 48,232 57,752 60,93964,54666,59968,112 S;(J) Federal3,697 3,553 3,741 3,960 4,155 4,3134,666 4,534 4,6934,827 5,956 .. State4,606 5,135 5,317 5,654 5,919 7,345 14,376 16,686 18,01718,049 18,040 Local 28,567 30,064 31,185 32,775 34,922 36,574 38,710 39,719 41,836 43,723 44,116SOURCES:U.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor,U.s.BureauofEconomic Analysis

PAGE 117

EARNINGS BY INDUSTRYPolk CountyEst,Est. 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1991i 1996 1997 1998 19992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES4,078,995 4,135,974 4,380,9164,603,760 4,921,816 5,222,5985,547,867 5,818,016 6,273,465 6,514,018 6,834,004TOTAL PRIVATE3,450,513 3,468,359 3,687,649 3,890,212 4,165,032 4,419,833 4,740,7504,970,594 5,377,229 5,576,907 5,847,491Agriculture98,232 87,891 89,166 96,263 102,027 98,510 120,267 125,904 129,3931I6,993118,787Construction&Mining423,026 406,740 393,950 410,139 431,922 472,458499,868 501,820 576,739 565,002 583,418Manufacturing641,556620,940 695,913681,743 750,020 810,649 832,886 855,885897,916 900,840 909,032Utilities&Communication245,237 252,610 299,668 353,024 361,555 385,068 413,095439,061 469,541 507,468 529,927 ...... Wholesale&Retail Trade801,374 814,712 867,653 914,929 1,004,929 1,011,622 1,085,423 1,152,470 1,267,426 1,330,736 1,403,875 ...... Finance V1 219,228 222,035 241,770 262,563 266,065284,762 308,505 324,199 368,652 371,125 416,285 Services 1,021,860 1,063,431 1,099,529 1,171,551 1,248,514 1,356,764 1,480,706 1,571,255 1,667,562 1,784,743 1,886,167 TOTAL GOVERNMENT628,482667,615 693,267713,548 756,784 802,765 807,117 847,422 896,236937,1l1986,513 f:; Federal71,091 71,993 77,63579,699 84,042 85,791 89,149 88,335 90,621 94,668 116,283 State111,149 120,581 122,316 126,689 135,716142,863149,635 161,385 170,307 176,760 180,674 Local 446,242 475,041 493,316 507,160537,026574,1I1568,333 597,702 635,308 665,682 689,557SOURCES:U.s.Bureauof Labor Statistics, FL. DepartmentofLabor, U.S. BureauofEconomic Analysis

PAGE 118

EARNINGS BY INDUSTRYHillsborough CountyEst.Est.(ThousandsofDollars)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 12,364 12,79113,773 14,582 15,552 16,646 17,879 19,271 21,29822,92624,003 TOTALPRNATE 10,132 10,401 11,239 11,98812,92913,910 15,013 16,302 18,14919,713 20,597Agriculture858991 103 106 107 111 121 138150148Construction& Mining 735 659 662690764 853 957 1,050 1,172 1,251 1,331Manufacturing1,122 1,1251,1641,220 1,246 1,244 1,259 1,330 1,442 1,497 1,543Utilities& Communication958993 1,0391,0741,1761,258 1,3531,471 1,582 1,720 1,835 Wholesale & RetailTrade2,540 2,541 2,729 2,84'7 3,077 3,2703,423 3,630 3,878 4,032 4,151Finance1,092 1,178 1,3621,462 1,524 1,622 1,833 2,002 2,282 2,463 2,557 ...... Services 3,600 3,816 4,192 4,592 5,036 5,556 6,077 6,698 7,655 8,600 9,032 t......0\ TOTAL GOVERNMENT 2,232 2,390 2,534 2,5942,623 2,736 2,866 2,969 3,149 3,213 3,406 E;00Fed.ral 779 871939920851 864950988 1,028 1;067 1,139 C) State374398 408 430446465 489 521 563 600617 Local 1,079 1,121 1,187 1,244 1,326 1,407 1,427 1,460 1,558 1,546 1,650 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor,U.s.BureauofEconomic Analysis

PAGE 119

EARNINGS BY INDUSTRYOrangeCountyEst.Est.(Thousandsof Dollars)19901991199219931994 1995 19961997199819992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 12,866 13,258 14,211 15,063 15,77616,70617,89019,449 21,658 23,278 24,184 TOTAL PRIVATE 10,87611,147 12,034 12,783 13,531 14,634 15,73817,162 19,242 20,655 21,452Agriculture929493109107 112 122 131152 136 150Construction&Mining 836 691674751863931 1,083 1,135 1,253 1,345 1,424Manufacturing1,557 1,560 1,6041,499 1,4721,487 1,551 1,660 1,848 1,938 1,926Utilities&Communication9229641,084 1,183 1,247 1,256 1,273 1,343 1,472 1,614 1,625 Wholesale&RetailTrade2,229 2,2552,4032,453 2,644 2,889 3,160 3,3753,709 4,037 4,084Finance847917 1,062 1,255 1,2321,348 1,477 1,649 1,882 2,089 1,956Services4,3934,666 5,1145,533 5,966 6,611 7,072 7,869 8,9269,49610,288 .......... 2,732 -....I TOTAL GOVERNMENT 1,990 2,111 2,177 2,2802,245 2,072 2,152 2,287 2,416 2,623 00 Federal901 922 998947862636643 687 665735783 "'-!State 227250258277290304321 351 393416435Local862 939 921 1,056 1,093 1,1321,188 1,249 1,358 1,473 1,514 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor,U.s.BureauofEconomic Analysis

PAGE 120

EARNINGSBYINDUSTRYStateofFloridaEst.Est.(MillionsofDollars)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994199&1996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 153,403 157,793 168,873 179,442 188,645 200,470 213,189 227,591 245,880 262,443 277,376TOTAL PRIVATE123,589 126,021135,931 145,073 153,110 163,698174,680 187,295 203,745 218,256 230,855 Agriculture 1,534 1,675 1,749 1,980 1,975 2,002 2,134 2,304 2,507 2,521 2,491 Construction&Mining 10,841 9,660 9,722 10,761 11,360 12,115 13,205 13,86615,153 16,666 17,827Manufacturing16,236 16,366 17,148 17,372 17,934 18,049 18,637 19,432 20,490 20,939 21,255Utilities&Communication 9,804 10,17610,973 11,973 12,596 13,17013,736 14,552 15,502 15,502 17,617 Wholesale&Retail Trade 28,000 28,271 30,098 31,54733,528 35,547 38,429 40,578 43,428 46,735 48,201Finance11,869 12,21014,37715,620 15,983 17,604 19,461 21,856 24,671 25,739 26,967 Services 45,305 47,663 51,864 55,820 59,734 65,211 69,078 74,707 81,994 90,153 96,498 t............00 TOTALGOVERNMENT 29,814 31,772 32,942 34,369 35,53536,772 38,509 40,296 42,135 44,187 46,521 I;OD Federal9,565 10,092 10,584 10,50710,295 10,328 11,076 11,495 11,596 12,057 13,153 OD State4,737 5,098 5,2305,534 5,768 6,095 6,417 6,9217,464 7,727 8,000 Local 15,512 16,582 17,128 18,328 19,472 20,349 21,016 21,880 23,075 24,404 25,368 SOURCES:u.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor, U.S.BureauofEconomic Analysis

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APPENDIXF:COMPOSITION BY TOTAL WAGESTables forDeSoto, Hardee,Highlands, Okeechobee and Polk Counties,andthe comparisonareasof HillsboroughandOrange Counties and theStateof Florida. Pages121 128119

PAGE 122

120

PAGE 123

COMPOSITIONOFECONOMY BY TOTAL WAGES De Soto CountyEst.(proportions)19901991 1992 1993 19941995 19961997 199819992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.0001.0001.000 1.0001.0001.000 1.000 1.0001.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.5400.546 0.554 0.558 0.5710.576 0.581 0.594 0.608 0.604 0.599 Agriculture 0.166 0.168 0.175 0.205 0.220 0.230 0.2240.2580.262 0.243 0.229 Construction&Mining 0.033 0.030 0.031 0.0270.022 0.022 0.022 0.024 0.023 0.030 0.036Manufacturing0.053 0.051 0.038 0.017 0.015 0.016 0.036 0.034 0.034 0.032 0.037Utilities & Communication 0.024 0.026 0.Q25 0.025 0.023 Q.019 0.013 0.010 0.013 0.0140.01lWholesale&RetailTrade0.1270.128 0.136 0.1350.1360.129 0.132 0.122 0.127 0.1390.139Finance0.0250.025 0.025 0.022 0.021 0.021 0.025 0.023 0.0220.025 0.025 Services 0.111 0.117 0.123 0.126 0.133 0.1380.1280.123 0.126 0.119 0.122 ,..... N ,..... 0.401 &1 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.460 0.454 0.446 0.442 0.429 0.424 0.419 0.4060.392 0.396 QO Federal0.011 0.010 0.011 0.011 0.011 0.011 0.011 0.010 0.010 0.011 0.014 CCI State0.296 0.293 0.277 0.272 0.2630.263 0.259 0.246 0.242 0.246 0.249 Local 0.152 0.152 0.158 0.159 0.155 0.150 0.149 0.150 0.139 0.139 0.138 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

PAGE 124

COMPOSITIONOFECONOMYBYTOTAL WAGESHardeeCountyEst.(proportions)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.725 0.685 0.678 0.700 0.710 0.7070.7030.7020.716 0.698 0.703 Agriculture 0.239 0.232 0.231 0.243 0.251 0.230 0.212 0.234 0.221 0.2020.190Construction&Mining 0.024 0.026 0.035 0.032 0.040 0.038 0.0500.029 0.033 0.033 0.035Manufacturing0.056 0.052 0.034 0.037 0.034 0.033 0.034 0.038 0.040 0.037 0.032Utilities&Communication 0.034 0.035 0.036 0.030 0.028 0.0250.026 0.024 0.023 0.024 0.027 Wholesale&RetailTrade0.192 0.177 0.189 0.190 0.1890.197 0.193 0.185 0.192 0.193 0.179Finance0.036 0.037 0.039 0.043 0.0410.0430.0390.037 0.040 0.040 0.043 Services 0.144 0.124 0.1140.124 0.128 0.143 0.149 0.154 0.168 0.169(}.197 ...... N N0.297 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.275 (}.315 0.322 0.300 0.290 0.293 0.297 0.298 0.284 0.302 I Federal0.0140.013 0.014 0.013 0.0130.013 0.013 0.0120.012 0.012 0.017 Q State0.038 0.075 0.091 0.092 0.093 0.100 0.106 0.1070.113 0.106 0.104 Local 0.223 0.227 0.217 0.195 0.184 0.180 0.178 0.179 0.158 0.184 0.176 SOURCES:u.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

PAGE 125

COMPOSITIONOFECONOMY BY TOTAL WAGESHighlandsCounty Est.(Proportions) 1990 1991 199219931994 1996 1996199719981999 3000 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000l.000TOTAL PRIVATE 0.781 0.778 0.789 0.796 0.795 0.794 0.792 0.794 0.789 0.7790.770Agriculture0.135 0.142 0.128 0.125 0.130 0.124 0.126 0.1240.1290.119 0.098Construction&Mining0.058 0.049 0.0500.050 0.052 0.0480.048 0.044 0.046 0.045 0.044Manufacturing0.076 0.075 0.081 0.0830.079 0.081 0.085 0.079 0.075 0.073 0.077Utilities&Communication 0.042 0.043 0.042 0.044 0.044 0.041 0.043 0.039 0.039 0.039 0.043 Wholesale &RetailTrade0.208 0.207 0.203 0.202 "(U87 0.190 0.192 0.190 0.190 0.191 0.185 ...... Finance0.058 0.050 0.059 0.057 0.053 0.048 0.045 0.045 0.037 0.037 0.036N W Services 0.288 0.204 0.213 0.2260.235 0.251 0.262 0.253 0.274 0.273 0.275 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.219 0.222 0.211 0.204 0.205 0.206 0.208 0.206 0.211 0.221 0.230 e;; Federal0.026 0.026 0.027 0.027 0.024 0.0230.023 0.022 0.0230.023 0.026 Joool State0.0280.028 0.023 0.022 0.022 0.0220.022 0.022 0.023 0.023 0.024 Local 0.166 0.168 0.160 0.154 0.159 0.161 0.163 0.162 0.165 0.1750.180 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL. Department ofLabor

PAGE 126

COMPOSITIONOFECONOMY BY TOTAL WAGES Okeechobee CountyEst.(proportions)1990 1991 1992 1993 19941996 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTALALLINDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.0001.000TOTALPRNATE0.776 0.773 0.777 0.7890.789 0.7850.762 0.768 0.759 0.761 0.757Agriculture0.188 0.171 0.164 0.217 0.210 0.190 0.180 0.1750.168 0.151 0.147Construction& Mining 0.064 0.056 0.0470.047 0.040 0.038 0.036 0.038 0.042 0.043 0.048Manufacturing0.044 0.040 0.037 0.0340.030 0.0260.0270.026 0.022 0.022 0.023Utilities& Communication0.0390.043 0.0430.040 0.033 0.031 0.034 0.035 0.044 0.070 0.067 Wholesale &RetailTrade0.193 0.199 0.203 0.194 0.207 0.211 0.209 0.206 0.203 0.178 0.186Finance0.039 0.039 0.040 0.036 0.047 0.061 0.036 0.043 0.027 0.027 0.033 ...... Services0.2100.2240.2440.221 0.221 0.227 0.2390.245 0.253 0.270 0.253 N +=TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.224 0.227 0.223 0.211 0.211 0.215 0.238 0.232 0.241 0.239 0.243
PAGE 127

COMPOSITIONOFECONOMYBYTOTAL WAGESPolk CountyEst.(proportions) 199019911992 1993 1994 199519961997 1998 19992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.000 TOTAL PRIVATE0.841 0.834 0.837 0.8400.842 0.840 0.850 0.849 0.853 0.851 0.851Agriculture0.040 0.043 0.041 0.042 0.043 0.038 0.036 0.036 0.034 0.030 0.029Construction&Mining0.095 0.090 0.083 0.082 0.0820.0880.087 0.085 0.090 0.085 0.084Manufacturing0.174 {U64 0.171 0.157 0.1590.154 0.160 0.158 0.154 0.1490.144Utilities & Communication0.053 0.054 0.055 0.056 0.0580.0590.060 0.059 0.060 0.062 0.062 Wholesale&Retail Trade0.212 0.212 0.216 0.221 0.222 0.218 0.217 0.219 0.227 0.228 0.230Finance0.0550.055 0.054 0.055 0.053 0.054 0.055 0.054 0.0570.056 0.060 Services 0.210 0.216 0.217 0.2260.2250.2290.235 0.236 0.232 0.241 0.242 ,.... TOTAL GOVERNMENT0.159 0.166 0.163 0.160 0.158 0.160 0.150 0.151 0.147 0.149 0.149 <.C Federal0.014 0.013 0.014 0.014 0.0140.013 0.013 0.012 0.012 0.012 0.014 State0.029 0.030 0.029 0.028 0.029 0.029 0.028 0.029 0.028 0.0280.028Local0.117 0.123 0.1210.118 0.116 0.118 0.109 0.110 0.107 0.109 0.108SOURCES:U.s.Bureau of Labor Statistics, FL.DepartmentofLabor

PAGE 128

COMPOSITIONOFECONOMYBYTOTAL WAGESHillsboroughCountyEst.(proportions)19901991 1992 1993 199-4199-5 1996 19-W1 1998 19992000TOTAL ALLINDUSTRIES1.000 1.0001.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.838 0.834 0.8360.839 0.844 0.849 0.856 0.863 0.866 0.874 0.873Agriculture0.013 0.013 0.013 0.0120.0120.01l0.010 0.010 0.011 0.0110.010Construction&Mining0.056 0.049 0.0460.045 0.046 0.0490.051 0.052 0.053 0.052 0.053Manufacturing0.100 0.096 0.092 0.091 0.087 0.081 0.077 0.075 0.074 0.071 0.071Utilities&Communication 0.079 0.077 0.075 0.073 0.074 0.074 0.0740.075 0.073 0.074 0.075 Wholesale& Retail Trade0.218 0.2140.213 0.211 0.209 0.211 0.203 0.2010.193 0.187 0.184Finance0.095 0.099 0.105 0.103 0.102 0.100 0.105 0.108 0.110 0.111 0.110 t-' Services 0.2780.286 0.293 0.304 0.3130.324 0.336 0.3420.352 0.369 0.370 N'"t"" TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.1620.166 0.164 0.161 0.156 0.151 0.144 0.137 0.1340.126 0.127 tJ!j
PAGE 129

COMPOSITIONOFECONOMY BY TOTAL WAGESOrangeCountyEst.(Proportions)1990 1991 19921998 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.884 0.874 0.881 0.877 0.881 0.887 0.8910.891 0.894 0.895 0.894 Agriculture 0.013 0.013 0.014 0.014 0.013 0.0130.0120.012O.OlI0.010 0.011 Construction&Mining0.058 0.048 0.044 0.046 0.048 0.048 0.0520.050 0.050 0.050 0.051Manufacturing0.128 0.130 0.125 0.111 0.103 0.099 0.0970.0960.096 0.094 0.090Utilities&Communication 0.071 0.076 0.078 0.079 0.079 0.075 0.071 0.069 0.068 0.069 0.067 Wholesale&RetailTrade0.221 0.185 0.185 0.180 0.183 0.1900.1920.187 0.184 0.187 0.182Finance0.069 0.075 0.077 0.081 0.078 0.0770.0780.079 0.081 0.0840.076 Services 0.326 0.3470.3590.3670.376 0.386 0.3880.398 0.404 0.401 0.418 ...... N -....J TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.123 0.106 0.116 0.126 0.119 0.119 0.1130.109 0.109 0.1060.105 q:) Federal0.026 0.028 0.0290.028 0.025 0.0220.0210.0-230.021 0.020 0.021 Q1 State0.018 0.0200.019 0.019 0.019 0.019 0.018 0.018 0.018 0.018 0.018 Local 0.072 0.078 0.071 0.076 0.074 0.072 0.070 0.068 0.066 0.067 0.066 SOURCES:U.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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COMPOSITIONOFECONOMYBYTOTAL WAGESStateofFloridaEst.(proportions)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1991> 1996 199719981999 2000 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.823 0.817 0.822 0.821 0.825 0.8290.833 0.837 0.8420.845 0.845Agriculture0.016 0.017 0.017 0.017 0.017 0.016 (W15 0.015 0.015 0.014 0.013 Construction &Mining0.064 0.055 0.051 0.053 0.053 0.053 0.055 0.055 0.056 0.0570.058Manufacturing0.117 0.114 0.112 0.107 0.105 0.100 0.098 0.096 0.0940.0890.086Utilities&Communication 0.065 0.065 0.065 0.0660.065 0.064 0.064 0.063 0.062 0.064 0.063 Wholesale& Retail Trade0.206 0.201 0.201 0.199 0.201 0.203 0.204 0.202 0.201 0.201 0.198Finance0.082 0.082 0.084 0.084 0.083 0.083 0.085 0.088 0.092 0.090 0.090 I-' Services0.273 0.291 0.303 0.310 0.317 0.323 0.329 0.337 N0.282 0.301 0.311 (Xl TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.177 0.183 0.178 0.179 0.175 0.171 0.167 0.1630.158 0.1550.155 &; Federal0.033 0.034 0.035 0.034 0.032 0.031 0.0300.029 0.0270.0260.027 eft State0.033 0.034 0.032 0.0320.032 0.032 0.031 6.031 0.0310.0300.030 Local 0.1110.115 0.110 0.112 0.111 0.1090.105 0.103 0.100 0.0990.098 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor

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APPENDIXG:COMPOSITION BY INCOMETables forDeSoto, Hardee,Highlands, OkeechobeeandPolk Counties,andthe comparison areas of HillsboroughandOrange CountiesandtheStateof Florida. Pages 131 138129

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130

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COMPOSITIONOFECONOMYBYINCOMEDe Soto CountyEst.Est.(proportions)1990 1991 1992 19931994 1996 1996 1997 1998 19992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.000TOTAL PRIVATE 0.556 0.560 0.578 0.588 0.591 0.595 0.597 0.608 0.618 0.618 0.614Agriculture0.105 0.116 0.143 0.182 0.185 0.191 0.199 0.212 0.2190.205 0.189Construction&Mining0.073 0.0760.064 0.055 0.041 0.039 0.036 0.038 0.036 0.048 0.057Manufacturing0.045 0.041 0.037 0.0150.0150.0200.038 0.037 0.033 0.033 0.037Utilities&Communication 0.028 0.030 0.0320.036 0.034 0.025 0.022 0.020 0.025 0.027 0.021 Wholesale&RetailTrade0.1260.117 0.121 0.1240.129 0.122 0.119 0.119 0.1210.130 0.131Finance0.023 0.023 0.024 0.022 0.022 0.024 0.0250.0240.024 0.027 0.026 ......Services 0.155 0.157 0.1570.154 0.165 0.174 0.1590.1580.159 0.149 0.152 w...... TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.444 0.440 0.422 0.412 0.409004050.403 0.392 0.3820.382 0.386 (C Federal0.016 0.014 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.015 0.0140.0140.015 0.019 ...:t State0.287 0.285 0.264 0.2540.2500.249 0.247 0.243 0.235 0.238 0.240 Local 0.1410.141 0.143 0.142 0.144 0.141 0.140 0.1360.134 0.129 0.127 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor,U.S.Bureauof Economic Analysis

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COMPOSITIONOFECONOMY BY INCOMEHardeeCounty Est.Est.(propQrtions) 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 199& 1996 1997 1998 19992000TOTAL ALLINDUSTRIES1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.000LooO1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.714 0.676 0.665 0.685 0.690 0.695 0.700 0.692 0.699 0.6900.695Agriculture0.108 0.125 0.123 0.1380.1360.141 0.145 0.152 0.155 0.136 0.126Construction&Mining 0.053 0.051 0.053 0.053 0.052 0.0470.057 0.034 0.037 0.037 0.039Manufacturing0.0600.057 0.038 0.037 0.0340.040 0.040 0.044 0.045 0.0430.036Utilities&Communication 0.049 0.050 0.047 0.0420.040 0.034 0.032 0.031 0.030 0.030 0.034 Wholesale &RetailTrade0.210 0.187 0.201 0.2010.206 0.208 0.201 0.197 0.196 0.200 0.183Finance0.036 0.0370.0400.045 0.043 0.046 0.0410.041 0.0410.0420.045 ...... Services0.198 0.169 0.163 0.168 0.178 0.179 0.184 0.192 0.196 0.203 0.233 wN TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.286 0.324 0.335 0.315 0.3100.305 0.300 0.308 0.301 0.310 0.305 S; Federal0.021 0.019 0.0200.0190.019 0.019 0.018 0.017 0.0160.016 0.022 (Xl State0.0400.0770.095 0.096 0.099 0.102 0.106 0.111 0.1090.105 0.102Local0.225 0.227 0.220 0.200 0.193 0.184 0.177 0.1800.176 0.189 0.181 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor,u.s.Bureauof Economic Analysis

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COMPOSITIONOFECONOMYBYINCOMEHighlandsCountyEst,Est.(proportions)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 19961997 1998 19992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.0001.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.0001.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.770 0.771 0.786 0.800 0.801 0.800 0.798 0.8010.799 0.788 0.781Agriculture0.0580.070 0.069 0.0790.075 0.078 0.081 0.089 0.093 0,082 0,069Construction&Mining 0,093 0,082 0.081 0.082 0.084 0.072 0.070 0.0660.067 0.066 0.064Manufacturing0.069 0,0690.078 0.080 0.076 0.076 0.080 0.074 0.070 0.068 0.072Utilities&Communication 0.044 0.0460.044 0.045 0.045 0.044 0.044 0,0430.0400.041 0.045 Wholesale & Retail Trade0.194 0.191 0.184 0.184 0.172 0.175 0.1790.1770.1740.177 0.170 I-' Finance0,051 0.047 0.058 0.057 0.059 0.050 0.047 0.048 0.042 0.040 0.038 t; Services 0.262 0.266 0.2720.2720.290 0.304 0.2970.3030.3130.3140.323 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.2300.229 0.214 0,200 0.199 0.200 0.2020.199 0.201 0.212 0.219 q) Federal0.0490.044 0.041 0.036 0.029 0.028 0.028 0.027 0.027 0.028 0.031 CC State0.027 0.027 0.023 0.021 0.021 0.021 0.022 0.0220.022 0.023 0.023 Local 0.154 0.158 0.150 0.142 0.149 0.1500.152 0.151 0.1510.162 0.165 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor,U.s. Bureau ofEconomic Analysis

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COMPOSITIONOFECONOMYBYINCOMEOkeechobee County Est,Est. (proportions)1990 1991 199219931994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.7690.769 0.768 0.767 0.766 0.769 0.748 0.756 0.751 0.7590.755Agriculture0.037 0.038 0.030 0.035 0.0300.0320.0290.0330.035 0.0270.027Construction&Mining0.092 0.085 0.071 0.072 0.063 0.0570.0570.0590.061 0.063 0.070Manufacturing0.045 0.041 0.039 0.036 0.033 0.027 0.029 0.027 0.024 0.022 0.023Utilities&Communication 0.054 0.057 0.059 0.061 0.054 0.049 0.050 0.052 0.060 0.097 0.093 Wholesale&Retail Trade 0.201 0.202 0.209 0.214 0.223 0.222 0.2190.221 0.210 0.179 0.188Finance0.0390.039 0.041 0.041 0.052 0.067 0.040 0.037 0.032 0.0260.032 ..... 0.322 Services 0.301 0.307 0.319 0.308 0.311 0.314 0.324 0.328 0.330 0.345 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.2310.231 0.232 0.233 0.234 0.231 0.252 0.244 0.249 0.241 0.245 &;... Federal0.023 0.021 0.022 0.022 0.022 0.021 0.020 0.0180.0180.017 0.021 g State0.029 0.031 0.031 0.031 0.031 0.035 0.063 0.0670.069 0.065 0.065 Local 0.179 0.180 0.180 0.180 0.182 0.1750.169 0.159 0.161 0.158 0.159 SOURCES: U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor, U.S.BureauofEconomic Analysis

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COMPOSITIONOFECONOMY BY INCOMEPolkCountyEst.Est.(proportions)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.846 0.839 0.842 0.845 0.8460.8460.855 0.8540.857 0.856 0.856 Agriculture 0.0240.021 0.020 0.0210.021 0.019 0.022 0.022 0.021 0.0180.017Construction&Mining0.1040.0980.090 0.089 0.088 0.090 0.090 0.086 0.092 0.087 0.085Manufacturing0.157 0.150 0.159 0.148 0.152 0.155 0.150 0.147 0.143 0.138 0.133 I-' Utilities&Communication 0.060 0.061 0.0680.077 0.073 0.074 0.074 0.0750.0750.078 0.078 w\J1 Wholesale&RetailTrade0.196 0.197 0.198 0.199 0.204 0.194 0.1960.198 0.202 0.204 0.205 Finance 0.054 0.054 0.055 0.057 0.054 0.0550.056 0.0560.0590.057 0.061 Services 0.251 0.257 0.251 0.2540.254 0.260 0.267 0.2700.2660.274 0.276 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.154 0.161 0.158 0.155 0.154 0.154 0.145 0.146 0.143 0.144 0.144 """Federal 0.017 0.0170.018 0.m7 0.017 0.016 0.016 0.0150.0140.015 0.017 S State0.027 0.029 0.028 0.028 0.0280.027 0.027 0.0280.027 0.0270.026 Local 0.109 0.115 0.113 0.110 0.109 0.110 D.I02 0.103 0.101 0.102 0.101 SOURCES:U.8. Bureau ofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor,u.s.BureauofEconomicAnalysis

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COMPOSITIONOFECONOMY BY INCOMEHillsborough CountyEst.Est.(Proportions)1990199119921993 19941996 19961997 199819992000TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000l.0001.000 1.000 1.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.819 0.813 0.816 0.822 0.831 0.836 0.840 0.846 0.852 0.860 0.858Agriculture0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.006 0.006 0.006 0.006 0.007 0.006Construction&Mining0.059 0.052 0.048 0.047 0.049 0.051 0.054 0.054 0.055 0.055 0.055Manufacturing0.091 0.088 0.085 0.084 0.080 0.075 0.070 0.069 0.068 0.065 0.064Utilities&Communication 0.077 0.078 0.075 0.074 0.076 0.076 0.076 0.076 0.074 0.075 0.076 I-' Wholesale&RetailTrade0.205 0.199 0.198 0.195 0.198 0.196 0.191 0.188 0.182 0.176 0.173 w0\ Finance0.088 0.092 0.099 0.1000.0980.097 0.103 0.104 0.107 0.1070.107Services0.291 0.298 0.304 0.3150.324 0.334 0.3400.348 0.359 0.375 0.376 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.181 0.187 0.184 0.178 0.169 0.164 0.160 0.154 0.1480.1400.142 E;,..,. Federal0.063 0.068 0.068 0.063 0.055 0.052 0.053 0.0510.048 0.047 0.047 State0.030 0.031 0.030 0.029 0.029 0.028 0.027 0.027 0.026 0.026 0.026 Local 0.087 0.088 0.086 0.085 0.085 0.085 0.080 0.0760.073 0.0670.069SOURCES:U.S.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL.DepartmentofLabor,u.s.BureauofEconomic Analysis

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COMPOSITIONOFECONOMY BY INCOMEOrange County Est. Est.(proportions) 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1896 19971998 19992000TOTALALLINDUSTRIES1.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000TOTAL PRIVATE0.845 0.841 0.847 0.849 0.858 0.876 0.880 0.882 0.888 0.887 0.887Agriculture0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.007 0.006 0.006Construction&Mining0.065 0.052 0.047 0.050 0.055 0.056 0.061 0.058 0.058 0.058 0.059Manufacturing0.121 0.118 0.113 0.1000.093 0.089 0.087 0.0850.085 0.083 0.080Utilities&Communication0.072 0.073 0.076 0.0790.0790.075 0.071 0.069 0.068 0.069 0.067 ....... Wholesale&RetailTrade0.173 0.170 0.169 0.163 0.168 0..173 0.177 0.174 0.171 0.173 0.169 w Finance0.066 0.069 0.075 0.083 0.078 0.081 0.083 0.085 0.087 0.090 0.081 Services0.3410.3520.360 0.367 0.378 0.396 0.395 0.405 0.4120.4080.425 t TOTAL GOVERNMENT0.155 0.159 0.153 0.151 0.142 0.124 0.120 0.118 0.112 0.113 0.113 f;; Federal0.070 0.070 0.070 0.063 0.055 0.038 0.036 0.035 0.031 0.032 0.032 State0.018 0.019 0.018 0.018 0.018 0.018 0.018 0.018 0.018 0.018 0.018 Local 0.067 0.071 0.065 0.070 0.069 0.068 0.066 0.064 0.0630.0630.063SOURCES:u.s.Bureauof Labor Statistics, FL.Departmentof Labor, U.S. BureauofEconomic Analysis

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COMPOSITIONOFECONOMY BY INCOMEStateofFlorida Est. Est.(proportions)1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 19981999 2000 TOTAL ALL INDUSTRIES 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.0001.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 TOTAL PRIVATE 0.806 0.799 0.8050.8080.8120.817 0.8190.823 0.8290.832 0.832 Agriculture 0.0100.011 0.010 0.011 0.010 0.010 0.010 0.010 0.010 0.010 0.009 Construction&Mining0.071 0.061 0.058 0.060 0.060 0.060 0.062 0.061 0.062 0.064 0.064Manufacturing0.106 0.104 0.102 0.097 0.095 0.090 0.087 0.085 0.0830.080 0.077 ...... Utilities&Communication 0.0640.0640.065 0.067 0.067 0.066 0.064 0.064 0.063 0.059 0.064 w 00Wholesale&RetailTrade0.183 0.179 0.178 0.1760.1780.1770.1800.1780.177 0.178 0.174Finance0.077 0.077 0.085 0.087 0.0850.088 0.091 0.096 0.100 0.098 0.097 Services 0.295 0.302 0.307 0.3110.317 0.325 0.324 0.328 0.333 0.344 0.348 TOTAL GOVERNMENT 0.194 0.201 0.1950.1920.188 0.183 0.181 0.177 0.1710.1680.168 S;looo' Federal0.062 0.064 0.063 0,()59 0.055 0.052 0.052 0.051 0.047 0.046 0.047 State0.031 0.032 0.031 0.0310.031 0.030 0.0300.030 0.030 0.029 0.029 Local 0.101 0.105 0.101 0.W2 0.103 0.1020.0990.096 0.0940.093 0.091 SOURCES:U.s.BureauofLaborStatistics,FL. Department ofLabor, U.S.Bureauof Economic Analysis


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