Economic impact of Hillsborough County Aviation Authority

Citation
Economic impact of Hillsborough County Aviation Authority

Material Information

Title:
Economic impact of Hillsborough County Aviation Authority
Cover title:
Economic impact Hillsborough County Aviation Authority
Creator:
DeSalvo, Joseph S
Webb, William H., 1935-
University of South Florida -- Center for Economic and Management Research
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publisher:
Center for Economic Management and Research, College of Business Administration, University of South Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
1 online resource (xi, 76 p.) : ;

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Airports -- Economic aspects -- Florida -- Hillsborough County ( lcsh )
Airlines -- Economic aspects -- Florida -- Hillsborough County ( lcsh )
Economic development -- Florida -- Hillsborough County ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Hillsborough County (Fla.) ( lcsh )
Genre:
bibliography ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Abstract:
This report quantifies the economic contributions of the Hillsborouh County Aviation Authority's to the state of Florida. Results are presented by individual airport and by broad industrial sector.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references (p. 73-76).
General Note:
Title from PDF oftitle page (viewed Aug. 13, 2009).
General Note:
"November 24, 1997."
Statement of Responsibility:
by Joseph S. DeSalvo and William H. Webb.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
002024114 ( ALEPH )
430322461 ( OCLC )
C63-00025 ( USFLDC DOI )
c63.25 ( USFLDC Handle )

Postcard Information

Format:
Book

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Economic impact of Hillsborough County Aviation Authority
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PAGE 1

Economic Impact Hillsborough County Aviation AuthorityBy;JosephS,DeSalvo and WilliamH,WebbCenterlorEconomic Management and Research CollegeofBusiness Adminislration UniversityofSouth Florida

PAGE 2

[CO:'iomcl'!J'"crOFUllJ.SBOROUCn COL"XTY AVIA.no;,/AumORJIYklstphS.DoSaNoor>d.w_ItWebbt,2-<.1991

PAGE 3

COl\'TE1'I'Sf(OURESIABLES., SUMMARY-"I TIlliThtpACTOFTIlEmuSlIOllOUOHCQm,TYAVIATIO:-:-AUI1l0RlTY: lNTllODUCTION _n3It:troduct0.JHowi>tholmputAtuPelioed in Pri,.cipl.lJ!lowislm;>l'etAt..Oefi.'>edbP"etke'. 4TheImpllctAw1ofthe!Ji!lst>o",,-,gh CountyAvbli""MInoritySlll. A FRAMEWORK FOR l.lliASURlliG DrRECT l\fPACTSDefini.0SD'.rn:tlmpacl ,,....,.MeasuriLsDi'"",Imp""".,...,.AitpOtt..'ldAirline..",dOpe",ti"""J>oSI<'i<1;ti,.lmrort.AirportF.xIliti",S=rwy.;;,'"" """ "n"IV.DIRECTThU'ACTSOFTHEllU.LSBOROUGHCOUtfIT AVIATION AUTHORITY 27AirporI.lldAirli.-.facilities.0021rass"'ll:ooEotiola!IDiT""Imp.""3)Su"......")'"'dCon
PAGE 4

V.GEh'ERATINGIMPActSFROMIoNl1>-1'UT-OtITPUTMODEL.............J7llllr'<>duotiotl.......J7TheDn<1omi'O[xDETAD..EDNPACTTABtESSITOlJ!EIqIoo:ts,HiIIsbeloIIIe..u.qAYirliaI>AIllbo
PAGE 5

fiGURES.fIDirectlmp.<>.!,onKumb.!i,
PAGE 6

TABLESt1o;"n,""llooof!!iUoboroug!lCo""tyAvio:i""Employ<.,byCOU"!}'ofR.,;den"". 5 41f);reaI",pao;t,oflodAifponfacilities.nCO"",yA,i,tio"Authority,FY\9%284Zl);reaImpacts"'".0Shipper<, /'Ell.l>omugllo,.,"tyAvi&tiooAuthority,IT\996 29,Ec.on<>r.iicImp1-..,ofS\OO,OOOofNewFino.!DAtllllu,wltioo ,39".ITot"Imp'ot,bylml"et Type.!UlI!l>o'O"gl>Count)' A,illlionAuthority,FYl99645ijGo.."""".",RevenueImp.l""HilI,ooro-Jg!l County A,-:at;cn Alltllority,FYl99646JEOOMO'liOImpte"Intormtiono.!Ai,l'oo,OltmtyAviIllio" Aotllority.,y1'l9661A>B:OltO:rk ImpaolSofPtet0 Knighl, Pl.vll Ci'y,iIl\.iVtt>doc,WgAirpons,HiJ!>bo..-oughCow.'YAvio:ionIT\996.

PAGE 7

I'(U;FA(:ni$"pOrli,,tJd,.ofthe"""oomioimp.'"OflheHill.ooroughCoo:"yA,i\ti<>nALt'!>o:ilj-onHi:h\xlroughCOl.::rty.IIomundomkenbythoCen<.,. for EGonomicondMonoiememReseatcll,O:>l.bile0[8",,,,..,Admi'';''''';o",U";ve"i,yofS"",hFlorid.a,..!hef[uest<>fthtHilJJboroug\lt''1IfYAviatioflALt!horil),.1M0Ulh0'" wouldEke'o1l:;v.ktheOWlyindividual,",-1>0givenftffiyoftheirrimeondtalen<'helpmakelhilabe"",,ttroy.TI>::1uUfoflheAYiotionALtlhotityIuvebeenIDOSlhclpfut...-a.4ispificallyIiI:<10IhafIkj",,..E.Johnooo,smorDiregft<>fib<1:UouldhtadcrJowl.l8!....LamE.Extoll;"'eDirergeA.E1b<.Dmctorto'Ai:S....1oiJili!;-lOrthe>$ll.Irn1'..l_ufldemi'lgou,aJIalyili>nOfOftheflnd;"g,offact,;"lt1l"el&liono,E'tlIlr.ferenc<'pr"""'Jedin,hi,report.#I,1"'0'0triedto"'''''''''00<0081'emp;ne>l..,alysl.bUl''helfu"od,tion>,..,d_311010h,,-epm,i1ed,u",fu1.,,1pieceofwort

PAGE 8

S'UM/IIARY'"'"eymeotintte>rca,it"'...18,M.T..eoUlOOlions8cneratedwe....olmo>rS55million,ofwhich$23.1r:rilliooWateolle<:trobylocaI8""""'"""'0I'L,Hill>bomughCowtty .......IUfCl>orcuihCOUD!yAvi.>'LonAuthoritywott-'0M'"shutdownitsfour';rpon,1m5-'ye.,(October 1, 11,toS.ptember 30,1m),theGmRegiooal Produorved.dinlbyJ.6pen=\.irI<:<:>="''lI.Ildno'..fait."byl()peroeeot.mojorbl.wto,becounty,oquivoleot'0'lriou''eces,i"""t1IeI""of'hiir.portpr...,"theimp,,:"byoirportaro;lhybrood",dumiol'ector;therW>UtbelUJlt,f'"SlS indllstrial1!m...",..,'Theindustriesimp:>cll"",,,",,porution,..m.,andwhole!.andreu.iI,rad.Th...,=on"'"1CCl"""""'mplc:.""_&/'WI
PAGE 9

tUAPTER1rUEECO!';O.\flC IMPACTOFTIlEIIILLSBOROVGH COUNTY AJIlATIONAlITJJORln':!!'lTRODUCTlON\VIwwouldbeoil<:<:'ieirr!p> In'emltk>rn.l Airpfalltozero.Firm>not""'irclydtptr>demC","rpo",("g.,m>tal,";<:>bro",p.m,,,-ovel.",,)""'oldue'Oti'.,J.,f.n ,,,,,,,wh...In"'=i!>t_ioncfpOS>ell$"0Jlduldro:np!ttdyc,ponilll)'oImiW..lheJdfortho=vicesof,beselifrn><-'j,...c:xpcoo:turcsit>,h.localor"would fallof,I>;-!lMbytho.ddit;""';""",,:lituttsofloe2l,.rid,""wbo .tayin'ho......rotbet.bontravden<>ecfthe"'1>'><'.)Muchair''''''01 "' for bus,,,..,pU'l'0sec,',,"''cI"'O\lldber\u'odIntheofHeMairport,.rr.",mably'flvelin ,eduerionInrostaoforIn<-retsesin"",duOldomlll\d.A"ductioninIUd>tflvel, tben, wouldCOO""iDcr.....t''''b.ngel;op'''':o",,,,ointhe1""1ll..",, wooldbedue'0,he"ftheHCAAoirpon.PI'tnlOni"$'"",,"gil,heai1'Ott.(e.g""",.am.malf,'berieoj woo1d !Io''etouse..,oitema'i"",>!rjl<>flof.,rn_The>d:ll:ional1nO>)>Oft""",in""rrod,h.ulJ,.i,epriltobu}'<'fl,=,loS.It'h''lS'ha>u.r""""'f")ftingp""""'",h.I..-,",bnilul"fortl>odu<:lin'f>eai...."widloselling,.d'p<:l)dill/l upoo.....'"001,heS""''''',ampondi".."""ou'''-';g/llIhen:duotJ..olIippI.Sorn< "',<,0"'0o'.oIog<06..(.,g.,,heFIoulA,'iOlloo Admi..",,,ioo)"JgJ-.,reJ.o<.....;olher>(weh."fItCrt,ofTamp>ill\dIW:o>uS."Couoly)(Il:g.'t:Cllp:talpi",.ofHCAA wculdbt..' ..ellhiddi'i""'0,beki.d,ofimp.""oiIporl,..:",8<110""!so>nITibut.:o .........:rpoll'.ltioo.lIl\dCOll/lc"kmin1Mi'np><1....To'0.
PAGE 10

-....d>ooeo..r=ItiDgfrcml!lo"""""<>lthtoizpotawould,..eitscr;Gm.!:IooaIIs....,byIUd>lim;o....wid>ondauIp;Il.no.[,dee..__.......,ilsdf.......a.ut.'"1nIpoeiatothird.__R:U:IIb.,wdthedire<:oeinililll

PAGE 11

fliAPTER2VF1Nl/l'G THElMI'ACTAREA1'H'ROllUCTIO.sAInotedin,t..lUIcloftheHill!boToughCountyAviation"",horityi,not,implytheinitialcltlngeinecooo:nio >cIi'ity thal""oldoccurifthoAulhority' itt>wetoperotion!ItI,thoinitialbor"""<>thorprogeo.,inturn.!4tcethi.point,"'e /la,..IlOlprecisely definedthe800S'.phkolorea-thoirnp>ctarea-inwhkh_i.-n;=t,=-Tlwt,til<,...e.r..>Cl<=ninebow."L"llJ"darea.,wdhedcfioojinprinciple;nrn,"'"sit.l!Ireviewhowimpactar'"havehoendefinedillpractareaofority.JltlWIS TIIf: J:\IPACf AREA l)r.FTI\r,D IN PRI!'iCIPLLf1k,eopon,.IeOIlicilia!impactIring"onthei"w'fcl3tedo'""f.'1<1hom,.!,...."'t=ofioput <=go.Tocaptur.the>eint...-.!ation"hip>,we,.....Jld _th<.,..ut,oe"'pplytIUofinput'uoedbythelin:o>diI'ectlyinlpaotedbythep"t....rhoo:dhedetineo'to,hewppI)'ore.."ftheinput<'0,heoiIi:etediIUss!I;.,,"'TheSllPplyor..of>l'l"'!"=IssimplytheRtofloJt..hJ-'rinciple,it1>specif)'thesuw!y>reo.oraJ'fI"hlcri>einput,ondforcerWn""nunoditl.....dttermin.>tiooof"'WiY......inp:>ctice;,IlOl..rnor.....indu"'JIph,.. apariinatteast..onrlJldiff.,.".')'$I"'"orc"l-etorwp;>lyorcasu'i,has"...!erial.""dproduct.""'InadditiontothereIUIlenumberInputIocni"".$for..chprod"=,lbeywillnot&""",,,0 ac.ompaet,"pply .,.., .ble.\'Ifll'-.orE_Iu>L'y>i>.i'.prill9SI),p.I?,lIidp,M.Boo..,.""""'''01_AclM'l'(N
PAGE 12

"..-l1Uglt..."'l'eiry01>0,,.thtsm>lIe>tcia..c .....ofdi.'f."olsi%edmarkd;ns.,oa("tltibullU)'>UO,or.....of"tty.osiflherew=orrlyooeTheof'?P",priateandu.lefullll>d>lreEi..htMlIyon'hoootioo'hoIfor """Ilderablpet_norfoeall1'"'1'0...)".=mMkout""me'"Weif""-",p.ante>.:lorty...,urodto ..W"'""""r'.''"method.b<>eo""'led'0.gi''en""0101"Itis ?,obably..rt10..y,h<>Wev....that""p'"""diesho.'egi,.",much lhoughl tod<'Oeorlly.ppr<>prio""t'1.most""'PlY""""sitli'"......ononadhocbur.,For=mple,inthoirnudyoftl><.hp.,ofmill'lU)' base.p;g/Jl and Bim?lystale."The study......,'"tobe.in.."h'.....thecountyinwhich,Ite;",,,Ib,;,,,, "...loeated.".',"'4)cfthendlOtialmic....,i.w-ger,han'heCity'OfBoulder, ondi.,ma!linlj=Ihe01",d.,,,,,,,Joedlhe.,....etI{lmpassodby",r:oImailromth!qlp:OS""'"Qfl.looMu, ,..Of..<"''ete<'TOolO>,Uld'he.....cily\adbee"""'opI,"Iq,p?mm(--"...to,,"-V.kfurdM.ll=>ill..-.1M"-'rI=.1fu,...,,,,,,,,,,,_,.fMJi_SxNJio:l,DCo,""""'mD;,1o'_Bur<"of=t=kAr.>lj.....lJ.S."'"Jl.""""'... "01..I",p""IA.1""".0.",.,'""'"W",VifJi:Il>U!li''''''Yf_1961),p.l'4.

PAGE 13

TilEI.\(PACT AREAOFTHEUILLSllOROUCU COUNTY AVli\.TIOXAUTHORITY0\Jf"l'pnxiiT,10d'fini.-.aimp>Clartaofthe mllsbofouzh Goonty Avialio" AUlrumty"'..'o'o'yto del""";oeth.rel1,rompri..tbelotS...>iflSlecompooemofltlUlcost,ofproduction10,most;"do",;.'..'ldbe",u..th.iocom.umeof'helabor"'pply.,...of'bosefin",...,.,clo..:y'0lhoCounty/Lvuti""AutboritrToll!<2.1rtcxp<:ortU"",on1.to oNai"'hodi"n"butiooofemploy..'<>ideo"'"fo'thesew.u..oHeMu;ploye<""'denW.llocat;on>'0defone,beimp''''...."IfHCAA',employ=;Ill'jt:mplay
PAGE 14

dd.hccq>orouahCoody*'hb""ill""'ostits0..tkb:uisoll!ll1dil:rriluieirnpaisiun _em".,.'.... WliaIIlkrpan(lV.)'"--...,iSliioftdo,or......ma-....._T.",.,...",.;nT...... _dloldlOf""CIIOId"C1lcdIa'ooiM....""""I<>tho......l!>oir.....illi:>::tII"(lIb:i(Iaafpldsrolzn-nsC*PI____....._ ,"'"I...i:Ilpoa""'"'"HCM'0i>dDd<0'.110< tIloT:ompaBoy""""'"_de>"""_lbo4ota'"1llJ'P""l\!,.;ro__..,;,...."""'....,.u.F....."'.., ....,"",..1l>tnriIyOIli;,,;=< ..........dM.olO&1_iLSec<:uI.tk'ol"o.",.n,,-.... peaIybothmIt."'a..........no.is""Ii>r......-.'thod;,...".IItoo........",",,!haMof"'-It'boDonCewHalelin,C"".ty"""tiM",,_.teda,putortheirnpaeIofTIA,wbt"'...th.,isltar'.wauIdtlOIbe"""",14..putof","dirtctimpactiftheimp.s<:tutadclinsurTO"ndill3"'ill""srw
PAGE 15

CHAPTER3IFRAloIEWORKFORMEASUR/,YGDIRECTIMPACTS'"ttili;Clapter,wedilCU<:h'0_'w.lJ.how",,,,, withthedefinitio.ofJiffc/imp<>cl.101befolklwingehaptor,..&cus..howtoese mWtod.wot'"oftheHJlloborooghJmyA';.oouAutholi'yurFll>INCDlllECTThll'ACfimjw:t"ct",Iteiniti>!ella.;geintile1....01or"omiet;,ity,.td'ho indim:!.ndjnduad""p.et.ore ,Ite "'boequentclwlge.ThesumofthreeicIPacl'produ'",IteIOtallm/>a41,'fl'O<"'.dinginloeI.;peoOmgohatige,aollr.g..cau..,clwlge.in.ppie,;rUleHJlisboroui;hCour.ty,''It'""Autbority",..,,10.peod,"y,$1million'0rlbseconJll'....hodi>'0coo",.,iml"etcl\1ngeinsroo,.we>Of'",,'enue$For<=mple,t'->ollponw""to<=OJ>Of<'iorufQ'a tim,.that port;onofl?'O"=-."'...of.:rlln<>Ouuo*""Oi"'''''ior.,0'"of'!>e10luettC:pen';;'u,...",;ol"",odi."iarur< plus ....rue added (IOU!""primary"""""oslal>or.1>IId.capital,MIdp,opri;:IOf,,"p).'hoin gro.., "eoityin1uo";"",

PAGE 16

!.,d:'tetlmp&oIrtru>1be'0dofbut theperi<>dllsuId.....,.A:<>l'!ll1""my""ybei."'.....od;"the"""oomi<:irol"ufOduring,pW<>doftimeSU;J1l'.....ly...-lll<'riodor,;",.>such oson'j"'"It,"tl:lMthep,ec.dk.gdiwowon,,it<.Ii,t"imp"'edIn,itJYaif,/It-'."t"'>lkadlIotopaaudd>.'ingaparll"'/tuJ""".ll;,iropon&\ttoundt"'wdtnutn.cl>anil<;"Orl;"10;e.,-enWogon...,follow>:airportandLi,l;"".......dopen',,,,,,,PlU'lcngerand ,hippo< oxpe'l>ditu"",vi",,,,O>j>,lravd.....f"Il..import...and':'POrto:tUotl..Tk',in<;lud.,"""endi"',..onol11Uctionof>new /",.!:Mll8"-'80;airport",ell..,'ho FederalA,i.tionAdrnini"'''i''''',p"'"isionofairl<.flI:,."'UfO;Ii""'..faciliti"'. "JchOSonreo",'";",,ofitsgat.;andoln",e-"",otmdllli<"lofthe impact orea,"'fllet0.,oirportpremi-.andof-,''f'OIl"""'" """'"'..."ioclOOo"",''''P>"'"""'"__"'"fa","""",r""""'rP.R,=....e-.l'...._Nspor<.'Lo-k_IJ-R....'",.1011lm.,p.l-4'.\lI>irp;-.ofA,i""",,"T_;,....._1.N"-l".,;"',W.ml.Io:nJ""fo:loo>"""''PY'"u=lly""'..x.Iwith""-focilitm.

PAGE 17

'''-I!,""1'.0"!t"I'"f\,&.<:,:>'giIta.!IIalh[lm,!{","."""3M],'ir!'Itf"'.-:<;:-15'5'2,l,1f"0.1"1''H',l3.-",'"alf[? _g,-!i"0I";"'s,flE&s::-"-"'3.:l-J"["i"--R,1'1t7J8.1'[1II,fl';o..isS'g'","9geg''8'"0"il'.j'''iii! <1t"'-!"<"!t1'"'Mig,0g;t.,;:ili'.0",..ll,iSII--.t-,.a:2.;1;-a-:t"'!!lO."\!r"'<;}I!.M''!''iaJ2,,,llfi5'""'.".if"!;S"i-'"'''flii''If('.

PAGE 18

,_1(0"'Wood'"domat>d:'1pricetadQwouldthenwcl>erOfliohl.l';,l,",iUmultCod=n!rtydemanded.,'.r.ll'lbtthegoodOf,<,,-kei."-'ppliod ""'n....'"uoil0001,""theIlJpply=w,labeledS, n ho,Wmt3J:y.Tt'""''''''''ption "",ybeunrO>li"icin""meease<,bu'i.""'detopnw;e.""lOywithonelSW"':>ti,""orthe;nput-<>o'pu'modeltintwe>hallU",10mVl>l.""",,,oedim;c:.-'.!,:c:i,-;'y'olallyPdQ.art'heinitialprindQ,,,11.quaIlli:ydenw.dedinlbeIlbstnoflheoirpon..,d"equal\0..to"'",.Iftheoirpo;tw,...no'pe!ll,8"0"'evhadedorea10Fog.3.1;",pact(Inlbose=inwhich111!/y,thedirecttmplClcl'tirpon..dotirlinef,cit't;..lOdoperatic..(VI.;);,o_<:"'-1,11,theneg"i,'.ofWtialgro...I>!<..Th.""gali""di.-..ct,mpact impl,'"lh'tif'heairpon......FallAbIe,,,"tputwoo:dbU.Inoth.rt11eoofi"fromthe.....stenceof,q"'J'<'f\.(Iti.more"'''''..to""'d'"'""",e.rIv.f'10byeir10",dfromico,...."",TtlpLi:q:rOO<,etc.Onco..!.-SO"buyfood.drlnk', ..,dII'.'**1>"",ai:tpoIt"endon"""'PYa"'='_"'"'-im;=t_b>Le.It!'''>ndC,p,2,"1""''''''"''""Ikror,PI'-22&1)1,.4,1",,1..,.....---

PAGE 19

"PI'i)i!it..-&.0!,"I'!""0"I"!'-!"_,&"rr!r,..'''''z'"i0ai;;..,.g'$}--li,....".,5-":fir'"s-'I_Iii,tti.1i"I!:","..Sa0,g10["'!:0I1tii-..50"",...,5,00w1";]:1_, '" .. "q;i1ii1i.I;'J"I'-GmS"'8"'!l..l1:""1"."""[;"/'lh!';!H..,'lJ,1:--gil

PAGE 20

'""uthepri.onloJ.,.;,meuu. ....,heqlWltity(Q)F<>r"""""''''''''''hinkor,",,1wvi.in"'hiell """"Pwouldbethe:oMQ",,,,,Idbe'h.fMll!>oroff>res.,beto,aldItha'is oatoirportd"!"""d_",.,,,,..,w.'IleQ'ho"'PPi:!Nbe!edS,isdrownbori:woWl)',P,andQ.an:Ih.ini!;"1priee",d'l"""itydtrnOl'lded,'"tly."""it,is'cequan'itydemandedin,heobseoceoflho,",opertf'_.J1'tprt,en",be e...ofanit>:lu,trywO<>GOa..optt>,IDg.qtlon'itySO!dwouldfallfromQ,l<>(I,lndgrouili'yofthxiindumy"'OUld10..2Spercbnee,1>0';rport(i,...,fl,""ditsgmto'",'OnU.'"'0"SImillio..,I=.,"orevq>e:>tlitum--dtb,p..songet'>oM,,"ppo,,loo.tliMidouldtherefore'hodi'''''';''''1='bythi,10'''''1.,rfweknowtbe I'",,,,,,,ionofgross""-.mIesi"""byimp'",-",e.F.rrr.skt\-mgp"'>OIls<"'...,d,,"pper,tocydju"edgro",ev",,,Symboli<:ally,'helmpoetofp",onger..nd.mppw(DE,.!i"Dl".--prR,thocf"'l=duo'0oon.loeaJP"""S=lnd ..'lippers. Thil.pproacho.od""ppmresidingin,1>0impaCIoru",,,,,Wspendt1>o..",.,omouolint1>o...."'hothdNis,o,>.!n"mbttofp"",enger)(or ton,of=go)throug.'tthe,,;,port"l\
PAGE 21

\'i;i,orbpendiln....hopl.nukeintOlH:rusiQeS>U.,.!.)W._01the clw1g.inexpenditure>io'h,im;>&ct""'"du,'0"""ht ........to,heextentth.,lUcl>.....irlecau..ofthee.reoplowho00/l'l0to,,;nrooghCooJttyi"hei",;>&ctarea ofTIA,anda'orni"am".....TiAbut ..... )..".r.eDonC.",Hotol io PinelI" Countyfo:"thedontin.ofInvis.'t,t':mther.;,urod:rimpactfro'"lourism(althongllther.wouldbea directimpactfromMyexp:0...),nti,"'..."weneedtoid,n,ifywh"",vi,iton.pend'heirmoney.Allot!:.,i ...no"'''0'''"'..-ouo',1:ctwilldi/f.,.dCeof,litoifllOI1,bel"hodoes00'inthoaIlsen"ftheairport,....illbe",spoe>iblefora redu",io" 1,e<;>rtlOO1'l""'eonte\>eew"11,0,is"""..u.ble,thenthedirectimpact;,!i<,.............,theblade""",wow.o.y.Ifsomeo",li""'l!inthe;",poet"'Wenott<"';,inl;;nHillsborough Count) wwEd110""llownto/oroughond""""<'h,5!.000bee<.thonthe directimpacti.'$1,000because,beab"n"fTlAresultedittSI,OOOortdditic,'"spendmg;nHi::.1>oronglt,([1>0dirernredapendj,ur..gettingtoendfrom lbeoirponondfrom 'P"fIdinginthelitpOI1.,.efo'in sep.:a..sedThereis;"1:1anoth.,.wmpticoton.Some peopkmIIytravol '0.0<1 from,he;rnpa,'lIIU>bycarortra!no,byGjoiogto.,from""aJ'err....airportaM,I:aldeor<>ugh,..id...dri,...toNlontob<:>o:....TIAis

PAGE 22

.,.......ba""'ydso"'.moneyinlUls.l>oe_<'J>lol<-,.,''''''"""""""""d,J;,..,."""",,"in<<=_,""d.n.;, _""'cl,,..""""d,j".-;-.....""'""ob<..um.tioo d1he"""okport,"""'!boo,"'_It.;""'".db";"",,,.."'""""i,k<"""""'""",,'of;"""..,_1l:.alv.wloS-.Jlys",H...,l\.Ncmt"'""""""001_,ofAe=...,iIo>lf'"ofCot'"""", S"'Pl-",,'t'=up'lO.W-"'-Sa.<1

PAGE 23

TO....bowthi,d:r.impaetmaybe"'e"""ed,oonsid..-lJ.LetQbelhenumb<:tofolr.,.,.;v."I,ool"1'fI<'rt>oMI.,Pbethepriovd.LetTO.grr:undplu$"'lrI\'dtime,i,e.,thetimeIttal:..!rom""oriain"mhkthe..""",orareatothe de,tinatirmi..Kle'heim.,.Clve..InFig.J.3,D(TJot.."tfortheforlittrIvt1iototheIocoI>i.1'O"'.VbetIthe,ot>!,,,veltimei,D(T,li,thedemandwheIllrlIveltlmeisT,.Fo<<0",.inNewYon:C;cytohis&-oti........ oCourtly,thetow1m";timernigItlbefour..,d""".halfbout's,,lirelido...ha!fhourofwhichi,tnvelfrom TlAtoadestinatiooi.,Cou",,..IfTlA""..tlOtavailablef'"lh.,rip,thetrave!u ""$htfly\nIothe51.ff'\tnburg-C1..."'i.1'fbofQ\lgbde"iTUtjonThe oddi'iomJtj:nowould reduetthedemandfortnveltojr,U-!l>1 ...t'>e"',-d"""forTIAorrivolsondarriv.ls"P,>-P,.hutitmaybe'be olbrw.y&roundor,bep.....maybeequalThe, ......th'mgQfl-fw.:!'=Iwhoam,'.byair.'IN,;,oottit<:imi""t, howe"er,beO>idor'h."P""dituresofimpacl-area 'denuwhowould"'y",>heare>,ratholairport./,If"ph>imil>rto'ho'off'S-'.JCOtlIdI><"oedtoshow,be"","OIioninthe""""""oft>>;>Ied"'O";D8fromtbolocalairport.LetIIQor<,0.per._Hpendit"'"byimpect_"'..",rtingf'US<' ofe;ddI>::i"",..dileIy,"00dkct00;"'l'I"t",expen&Me.ifpeopI.''''1-.1by""nak8,.ignori"$,hi.wempllcttIy=:methat"t.ateve:r.dditkmoi.,...oo;lUr."in'Ip.!<:l.......'esiden"tlllIkointbeimpactarea..",:>1'0,I>o..!lulnon,,,,id."!>make.>nd,roe;-,thertfore, "a,,,,eleacho:bet.Th.d<>e< localairportdKl"'"em',-.lW<1Uldbemlucod-"'of,heirlcr<3,eint",,'cllirn
PAGE 24

I,,!,{f.I,,I,I,f!!I",,"","',<>ifr:-,h8"1Wg,li....!lIn-i>-...!3'",."UFIa.if,.'h:o,.JI!!P'1,lqig..'", ,!'ill",,<>-;;,..."'r5...&11i0,,_""8,,.t""'.g.a2,..'
PAGE 25

I'"theplQduet,'0lhorkslly.-C\i,no'thenetinirt'",even".."loch"'<>IlldbP,Q, P,Q,.Wu...pmcftbi:!nsn.jThis",illmtuce,hegr,,,"'_..ofwIDehi,lbedirettimpactofexport..We'b>.Ilu"fia10""Pi.;"lhhimp",.'"Fig->.5,Pe
  • dU$!;,lbi,plaY'roOroleintbeanall""",4!<.tblljrhtbeMl'enot"f"",--of_e.l"I"h....of10.exportand\I1\derlt1-.eproJuarpc.coP,inFig.3.5.The'l"l"-tity soldlo<:aIlj'UltOtsilo,","'. Sincetir<;,","of.....dOllWldr{lf'heprod"ctlndIhe10ducti,," eoostonlutileo",\beIoc>lindu"'l'"it!""POrt,hegoodifh moopmfreigh' .,.4cu""""duti..fif""t--of"..ma:.... ,i.equ<"'"Ie..""'"\bep:Weof<1:.sameproduct.",.;w,lefrom",it..-suppliers.""'"....410<_J"""'"*""'"Io..-pfl,.Dos..""10
    PAGE 26

    p".p".I,Fig. 3S_0;,111'."",In'Ii.3.5,Io<:.Jarea"'P"'\owill .ellQ.unil'ofto.prodltCl outsidethoIo<::JlIrOl'IrrluofP10now\hattho"'lYO" ",ere10egroundtrtnsp<>JtOOSI.'"ofpmduct,>rrl,tltOottgh>ift=ISpI=llMbly",..,toW"'",sIx',"';""=>"""Idriso,InFig. 3.5,i'sIlown..""i"cr....ill,heprio< 10bu}u;eo:np,.*(l+k)l'.+t,top...-(I+k)l'.+t.>",h,rot,i,!henew. higher".".port."ptIunit.I"Fig.3S,,,"portedlOllfromQ.toQ,.The i"crea..in ground -"'i'->fta1iontime,,'O>Ildduft !hed=dwrveboti'"'"sIlownto simplify the,,[h,;'in'ctimp''''inthi, "..i,tb,changeinoutput lhat,.",It,fromtho_.oftheaitpo<1.tMlcher.goinQUtpu!is"'I'f="'cdbyQ,-Q,infig,3,S.Iti'customaryillinvut-output analysisg.

    PAGE 27

    f[iit!.:{;!\.i "jag!fiMll.e"'::j1"ife."if,,,,-g!i"""g_.lj."'&.[-dlill.!.l"E'1l;!l--8,..i!e.'03t.;rii!ll1P"gl;Itf 'IHaa8.t."j'""'-,__In,.,t,,,"'-I!l!.-"--!l' ... -eif
    PAGE 28

    p,on"Fig.3.6D'_.-.<:IImp.ctofNo"Cr.Q'!It<>wn'0thegrapb),T""'rortotioo""""perunit"'-ouldlI>ertf"'"bebighd,hequallt;ty""'l!tdwllfall'0Q,.11><,educt"",inout!"'t ,'oJued>tthe ;r1,;,]pricei,thod'roetimp.actof"".petitl"e i"'f'O"s(DI.,,):(_,.lith'olmro""At::litio'.oIiJ"<".'lldtrItlSpbeLoallIed byfim"impe"LoS'c""!n,,,,;01".'"Lo'no>boonvoofolrrort,dir=impll< airport;,"","",.-..1r-,""'Yftom,he"M. cfooocompet't''''' ;mports. To see why thi,i,1<>.oc"';det pmduCllbl ,....,),..-td!l;Jcdlyandi,also.,'3iI>bleI...'import Forthi.tudetoouwhiciltho..U,'"'hoUnp.sct"eoando""idotheimp"""e.",,'lS'\>
    PAGE 29

    low..-prioanocll'"the"'.NTregi""becauseit.priC'pO!t"""'>'insu=.",.;I",SIOm>duIi..(if..,y)willhelow",,n."0'"l"al'0,hatof'l1<:loea!pt<>o!her."ld",...telythepde:1'heexpo,uofthorow",prieCrt.of,h.t.iiho,.prioe region. fig.3.1(a)illusu""t/-j,sirua:;o",Doma."Il!..'Il"deofFig. 3.7(0)..,d....wilh subriptL',(a>i.""'put.Q)'he"toea!'.,..,...ThtItft--hand sideofthe;$'Jfe.how.y."i,1",,,.,, ';,ockwa!l:ru.;h"""".supplyd"""wordone..",.asmorttraditionol S'''I'h bIl'routed180dw,j.Thi.quadnnt..",,,,"',,'be"fureign'msrket,..,d,he:lce,all,01,,'''''',-.riobi.,."",.,<:di.Q..,.ofwhichQ...,i,demanded..,d",ldin,t.eforeignrr...'ket,while'",differrnce,Q..,-Q""i.\\'bel1thisqu",,'ityarrive.Illlhelocalmark...it>ell>ro:-thopriceP,per"ni,.whichi'equaltothefo";&"prod""erpri'eplu<"'''om'd",,(J><1)').""doiroMground ''''''''J>1peruni'O[p,oo...01.The1",>1 ruo.'btprodu<:e$Lcd0fb$1'were10ri.....be<""..,hea\rJxmWCf.nolong.r....iI>bl.totee,l...thoimpon. mtlli.ptoOUCI.t'"domestiow""ldri...import.woollt,enddQrn..,kpXlu"'!oo wouUri...In.1>0$1.1",,>1produ=two"ldb<:gintosubsli"".the.../ltoducti',,"forthItlhImorlyimpontd.Thi,"""""beanadYantag0,'<;whereQ",:nea."tobelb.0"."re"resenteen.wpricePt'.ondlh.newS'JPPlle<\.byQu'1'hefefot<, theloc,,,..inloo;alprodu"'""""&lued..,h.initi.alpti:e.-Ed';"be&toriE:tpIIotof(DI",),isgi.,,",by-I>ytho.."-'
    PAGE 30

    '",.,--'-,.i".-'o,0,"F'S3.7 Dim'Jmp.ctofCompelith'.lmpoM'''''''"''"""trib""tooo1.Eeo"omi"."fottoth=1Ond.ofeffect ,''''gmive....fits.l'-'egnive""rnl:IJi
    PAGE 31

    mlJvm!iin"[HUc",j.d!,i'Ii.!.1[[!H!lH,,,ill"Ii".lOf'[if]s!fir!llli>;1!'J"go.'"....s,[lltiIa::lif_IC"11..,-S"l'"1"--"",;;:"l?e.G'""'1"t:lIi[g'"q<,"-,8-hhl'l[tri,.r,..H!."," t0:II.5"t"0'"l!...,!;;h_',,,,"'"i,Hj', ,g!lllf.";iri/..fni'I"'P'0',@o-:d.s:;:il5'lt2ltlJ';;'$",;,.1'i!""_teit'"';J"a,''1i!R;ZQza:;:"ks-'j-lulli"3'...."1l-'irE"O.,j(O'ila3s."![!!lIt':!'s,]3l.P", "..:ra0,I'PN-,."[1''2.11..i'lHi'H'.'"gt,S,,..'--fj.'S,if'"".$g'"[S'wh.&.

    PAGE 32

    ,'t,,",ourgt&ph,t!:lt io thep""''''''"Ql"ofilleoirporl.so tllereI.,"""'"imp"",_,....,.I."oogllw"ha,..U>ov.TlOllinc.-=ifoliTheolema.o.lfo<1UItri!'ortUIt,1t'lb--a...,.;,800&,..""pri"expect3!ioo,forlUI",t.te.Ifoone"f"....!Ians<'intile... M,beoiJpon.!henthOl"i,noltho impact..ea,to.o'boremi,o,htbea'edu<1ionmdtmat>dformthei."IIjllCl>......Ifthe",pplyof''''"i'liJmedFii';.8(.).thennone,I..eIrlrtltraliti'""iouklrtn>itIochangein,]-,,,>n'lOIlntoheal.",,,,.inthe......an'"ooooidnOf''''''",'''''''ion,1fl,hi.case.the..",.......J<>wever,t>eu..itboth.",01inreale"alein"'"mMt,P.(Q,-QJ.."damoIiellJ)'inereu<.(P,-p;JQ"Thediroctj,!be6rst"-"prt,";ons;itt,..the $h>ded.....i.F"l$-H(I>l.(Noteth<he'1llwould00:0forF"Jg.J.ll('l.te"">inceQ.Q",hedooimp;eti'teO.)Howevt1....,,,jeema"d=ycotincr ...,:itcoulddean",or ronnioun<:hMged,,1m""\he'"I, a4irMOnr",,1"".Iein"",tm""! bthei"'P."'.....duv.,00,he"-"u.-.ofl>o'hsuPl'ly oh.oddwwIlIM11'..beside.te.V-.'eearliefm""'ionede.bote ...""t,Inthoob"""""oflollpw<>U1dfoll,Tbedi,ectim:netof'he.UponwooId thenb."ed..shown inNg,3,9.In"'"Qtheboughtanentedbythehori2.0n1311inehhe!edS.Theb"",..lb.di.'ectw""ldbegIv'nbyPjQ, -QJOfby,h.....inF"l$-3,9,.,Q.,.Q"tJ-J.irnp.l.etwool;heolgeb"'icilljoneg"i,'",meaning a fedU<1I""inO'l!l"Il'inthe

    PAGE 33

    i:npoctil1U.Thisww1d b" "imputr"vocobl.totho oitponbe==Oll'pl.llW<>\lldbehigr.er'"thepresence"rthelirport'0'"ini"abs""'e.""c----.I'f----'L""PilOtSo""1"""<>:ttmiliti..(Df.)dixu=dintlHsUeoedire<'"""oct.inC!mpte,4...beo>oI:t.-=-'l-="""tooo...:!lot."""""";,0<:J,rc'l<""""-9IPolicy."01."'.No.'."""1'I7S,1'1'._","""",oM._(o'
    PAGE 34

    ULWTER4lJIRECT IMPACTSOFTHE HILLSBOROUGH COUNTYAVIATIONAUTHORiTY11,hi.chapter, wep'Ql.ide,L=1<.ofth,dir.uilibility,wew....00',ble'0provid<$edinCh!.pttr:l,w,hav,estim:u..of"..direcrilrop.Cl'ofthe=g<'andIMp"ere:>q>etldilUtn, ""dvi.:"",expem!it",...W,donotIII"..<>limat.,of1.11,foJkM'logdire/Vlp""",buci....",ye], expon" impon"andairpon.""tegor)'ofOci>'ed"i,hBCMairp<>rtlINaiI1..'"Ief>cilitie<"".nlingtothemelbo<\ologyd""JopedinCllapt..3,""wont10..Ii"",,,,hedatlS_in"'''Ill,..urned0',in,he"fs",_.meotn''he..!eofjinalgwd,OIld'ha'is,good.andsemus,hator,OOtf"Iold nor"'ein:tmIed:atiddoubl"COlJtI,ingin.stimating directirnpo"".For=rnpIe,HCAAearned'''"'''ueoof$%rr.il'OtIinfiocd'f'=1996 fromp.uJcingfees-,rn>lIll.fromeirlinosond.uport'I'dors,"Idgtiollinoomo(incrudingrent>lofromfixedba.p-,,,,Wincome. These"""'""..'"l"rn:\bed'liYel)'of_icc>'"..ti;f)final.,..,he:'bonirttenneJ4mJOtoHCMitopom..thoseaar.'iticsThetcflWinoome""'eivoee",'e count..i"'f>lC'ithe,weo",,'"",.dbyai,lines,&!JlOUIltrnsa,0100ibn:the;"con'oHCMcoUeIof.hegro...,"'""......,..edbyHCAA-.theyuoincludeditlthedmirr.poc1ofHCMbyeountilJ/jHCM',''''on=nmedfromtho":'offirolgood>.:xl$Orvioes,anditwoo!dbedouble->untingto,.""...'eparat'catego,;,'ofdirectimp''''"'w.UI.oddition." ..0that..."r....."'poMiture.tIuto=rin,h."acr=ductothe";stm;oof'..>irportFot""ample,HCAApill"kingr=........readjusted_21_

    PAGE 35

    >",..n.:texpeewotyoetidam<.01olstWhereintbe co,,:,1)', Srecilically,'""UlduOed 9Z.05p ..."""of'ou!p>fl;ng'ha'repr=.,beofoont<:Sidrn'T.0I.4.1O:rt<'ofAir!:..,.andAirortFocilili..andOper"'i""",Hi!lsbo''CoonAva'i""Authorit FY1mActivityDlrHCA,\Rover.uMoO..Op=ioo.:;54Sl,2SS,60019,442,43Q27,492.200 49{l,300S509,69S,900ffilwoctimp....of.mine..'ldoirpon00::'""andopor>tio!lOSI.lrnnuri>:edillTable4.1Thefot.minesinclo:les&lIaitJin<,!her!hal0Ptod"'it/lhtlkoptecaop=tiogQUIofP<:..-0.Knigh,Airport.TheCArdySheri!!'.Office optnttesaircroftQUtofVIlnd<:Iuded'hei'"";'oditut..ontoe ",,"mption.<'h>lthe..fatililie.WOIlldbei<>cdodtI..,.!>trt>ftiltslx>t""ghf:<-WlIyiftheairpoll'didoNexist.Onotherhand,lhemedea operations woold Ille>"led..St.Airp"", ;"P'otll..CoontyifPettr0.Knigh'Airondidnot""',,,,,,,,",,inT"''<4.1.........Inonecue(HCAA",",'m>t$),wew'"obi.J"oHt.inthefelevan''evtIlu.figureforth.rnminingelise>, ......inoblaioi08 """"l-menl. To.",iJr.."the"'\"""''we used 'he IMl'w\Nillpu!-OIl'potmo>dtl.Thern<>:
    PAGE 36

    ,'J-goz"Pii,i"iSg-la;t'Er"'''t:o'''>:!:ii'.!',!if'[oil'"''Q2'&.!lg"',f;,!!:l"'tH'-,';',""I'!!I..,:t.>r-e'2"]ti",,j, .list,..,s-.,s$1t?0ijH
    PAGE 37

    OQWdnO!obtaintevm.lCSfurthefQlk>wing.",;"ilics:outo'Of\la!.beautyandtt.Iter'f'$.freigl1'fO"Wmlittg.and>irpo,tlj:nousioeo.Wewmr""I.'0QbWnemploym<1>1forthdo0($.h<:ow rcliltedtopal''''''S'''""d>hipperforwhichweww:und>Ieto!toI'ctlofpu>."gor..dexpendil\lreo.theOfti<>Ilohrrilu.11AwOOare"'""*'IJlll:!<>r"",gh Crough CountybbilityofnA,P.i.theproportioo"ffrom11"'\\IhoareCwnty,."tile t: from tljlllb<>"",ghCwoty1>inl""lboroughCotmlybyreoideDt<..:hor=aininHillsboroughCounty,u,b"th>JI"'vel.......beu,W,",,"oftheofTIAThe cquiltion,'heIthenet.lfeet00,.,Ii,,,,r'.'lJC1intheoquationworeCSlimilted.st...una:wi'hp.and""Inb:..>lyear1m.th"'"Wtte6,387,282cnph:>emen!'>I11ABued0" surveyofpaoscogm,t'purniC1).TIt<"'=icingp<'flx>rooght."c",.,.,whiI2)",-ereU>id.",.ofrhideinCotl"tyWeturnto",;",,,,,,ofE,""dE.Twl.4.]OlfmmorizeoUjlelIditllrC1madeby",sit!.....am!"'rnThe'isitor..areavenge"pend;"''''by:.'i"'"------

    PAGE 38

    IIIFlorid.l""!>tedbythl""""""P'ion(l:(p!>le4.lVi,;,,,, lodResidentE:n>po1U""'"$37.lS$26,2)'"';M6,70""""18.2lU3ReotllJront77.41ll,46Lodging110.0014,7,ER1""oinmentll.21S,642).2940.11wa19J6Total'$326.61$2&4,7)l'iJlIly.weturn'0eso"""',;no:t1Q.andToobtainane"""1eohhc""rnberof,;';'ol1intheUrort.weneed101ct.u..oiIport.(We....,.",e"""on..'lem>ti,,,""J>ortbe<.o:J'"oftheexistenceofSI. P<1W"g-learwaterAirportandOrlandoAiJp<>rtone!uJItoone"""'yfrom''''-;0'''1'<''''''inCooJIl!y,)Such.d=df".,..;on"'""yberep....',edby11lcfoJowing equ.tio.Twt!tl'!ici1yofdemond,Thi,]>!r1iculufurmofdww:dfuoctior, I oon,,ont-01>sti,ity demandI\lc.c'io ...isc!lo",",becau,.itis!impl"U)"ul;wilhthanThepricee1>ricityofdemand-=tM peteeortagereducti""indueto's.m.-."ofC.",vr.,80>,....,"'1>'-.0..lw.'.p._

    PAGE 39

    I........cIpriou'tpl_the............w\:Ibe:.....I..,haY<10u..............Iirport."-them.'>!heOS'-an:!the_1tt"Cl'""'"in,otheIIoqumon.pvin;'by_'.dooI..............IOl1A..i1i>'o.,;n"".of..........b"<-.I!le"'-eoill;,I...t....I!Ii>__'"-.thedIqo..pt.guonMlJUlddtpa.'tUIU.f.m....:s(11"01.__Q.-4.190.0462.aad........Q1.596,121.bbo!ll'lI.!tII...-...ellatU.....,of.....ulimesis1.4...S<.b..-oul4betheifthetn.""'-timeIb<....."'""""_.l.S"""'"""'""......T1A!:onl.5"""'""....""""i"lII""";veoirpM..'libevaI=$thesay>thoc.illtheIboentc'.....--.,....Vol-ll.""-2.It.",111.129n

    PAGE 40

    ,,"!A,.mvms"';'0""willf:elby 1,368,703.Theformula"J"WI;[tIilloborough,eMtn"had..onoll.m.,i""ollport,thenf......'wouldtn",]",,,side,he"""n'y.A"';0I1o. Authori'" FY 1996E:siliw)(""gatlw)S14,36J,7Z1 $3,W5,516972,OS31,714,438'-6.91l6,410S,t4J,IS9"-<",u,.,1t19.666,373 4,854,46424,811,909U:lM42,156,06610.1144,92431,311,14ZEn,er:"'=t11,960,826 8,072,396 3.888,430v.'U8,925.5895,906,312 :;,019,276OIocr8.438P82,728,427 Total$41309,367 $83,814,936ilt:pactsliteiiveoinTobl.4.4.Theirnp>et,"fvUlt""1Lf.i. ..fa_e'"lbeairport.The"""""".00"",wouldbe,_;"Hillobowo&"C<>untybecau.........vi,ito"wooklOlliet<>the .,.eoin,b.."""ofTIA.Thedi_irnp>.clof,esid",,"i>"'g>:ive,i.e.,u.n!i"ocansomo....,reoid"'" ...,lIdrouShands;>idenustaying in the='Y-T>bl04.4Imp"'"t\illoboroug1lC"".ty,;oNESTIMATEDDIRLCfI]I-Il'ACTS \ ''thmUM'ely,wewe","rt>bIe'0providellnul..<>f100irnput,ofbu.",...u....-el,""VOn....odlirportextliti",-AJ.oowninChap'er 3, good........bem>d\:>wty_In..eIlofthesec.ases,"""""t<>f<1>1>;"WIdl>eto..tirr=tbed;:u,imp ..."1.&ndWi:werellliabletoobt&othe'''1'-l1:ited>ta

    PAGE 41

    ,.Hill!,mUll''''I!iI..""",'j','" p,l'Ii?111'1I1"1'".hI"',"'8L';j,/f.I!,'tl!,.,",..-'i1L.l1,,'14n,{-<"',.1.,'j"t '" ,dii."i"," ,'I'nril!5c;;_1I"'rl..g"';,.>*:;.,..="<;l:3zLaP0..,-"'"l'Jl;;'"....aa-..:II__ij'Ol''!i1ltl:>if<',H'.,"I'>"''",,':;,r'l;";-i"'..,"j,<>.ll'-]Pl:''''IS.il"Ss."<'f'Thetn.iq"'1''1,..,:-..'!8,'"..1:t:,il.it;;!5!
    PAGE 42

    The;edi,ect;ntp.,.forom;"pul-outputrnoacU.producethe,.,oJimpoet,ofllCAAThe,.""dupWthopIQCedu...bywhicbimpac"ueronvencdintolou!irnP"C"lhroughthous.oraninput-
    PAGE 43

    CHAPTER S6'E/VEJUTINGtXONOJIfCIMPACTSFROJfANINPUT-OUTPUTMODELI"TRODucnONAthogeinee<)flOJllic""'Iv;,yin.local.,."genera",.oruJUtdueed;mplCl,00 theeoooomy.Tho&r<:thityoflocllfum,.goVlo>oomkactivityduetolIl..ofehaogJho\Isebold"il>oh",e,intum,dueloIaIimpOCli'the""'"ofdirect,indi,ect,andm.1:.IoedTheS<""""sesin<>:ooo",;cactivity""'Ybtl"'t,ir.jM.-ootP\lt""airs'"j.amothooforkotpingtrackofthe..in,,,,acti()ll$andfor!'tt''';.Therthallu""input.-oolpUIanaIysi,ioOUfSlUlrie>oruIthehO\:seholdfo'wesMIl"""iderao1hOlioaldirecte<>eJ!jcitlllmalrixonly,..fivtfOW>ofTobleS.l repre..",,bed<>llaramoun,ofanin"",from.beto'"M:t",,,}""'0produce.dollar'.wo"bofoutputofto.oolumr,in,bSlO)','Thu',.don",offu=f.<.1urL,g""'1'"'"r.Intol"oo"ee..!.,u;Debt>l.-F.1988).W-109_111.)7.

    PAGE 44

    e,'helieal Fi....S""'orDi,"'"C<>efficientMain.P",0'0'.,0'MEmptoymeotl$Olltput0=0.0000$.-0000100$TV:MOIl'ro"O,02SO.05S0055MS$0.075""""!lwtopr<>Ju:""'flU'""J'.'ice.input>.nu.lappoo.b,bothol'whi'h....inth,nunul4turk.gU>dustty_1h"""""iespos=their""'"""';peoofproductioo.wlIir)'input!,,"vohlcnb"'"labor(Le.,l..,d,eapil&l,.ndproprieflj,;enlO0.;"8Ie..than0""impliesth>'/Ie....roMs"''0",me;",omeI,",remainir.gtwOindudedinTableateMldj,<:et"""ffieiont,aml.,.."'"partoheectOr>.Theon.taOeled"S"h"es'SOo,pu," reprosent.,hedolW"'<>fta>..by.or""'P"'.w.,MIl",f"'0these..tax.coeffider ......._--

    PAGE 45

    ECO!'io:.acIMI'.-I..CfSToilliJ"",.bowtb<",,'eril'ld:J",-or\;topm!u:tcoilOmi'im;=t>. we.\lull """side,""io"....in n""ur.,,wi"UT""oflhiis._megeniothattheincreasein tMTltlf.ctunna edpmclut,,,,bylocalproJu.-ing"""'onOfby!<>calb""",hold.bUlby""""otheriOCtOIexclu,ivoofthese.Itmi3b"10,enn:ple,repr-..uIeIt"ho\Iseho'1..to I\nal,..OJllXlseJ'0inlefmed,'"ll'O'""*""'"by.5100,000iIu:t=in'he>alest''''''gi",""inT,bl.Thefi ....'owofthet.sblethedi'rM"'ufoeturin" Prod"cts'AnIIIuSl,,,,ion--1>,,1...,.,S"""I$()()/J}"--,--(w04,.'d-,='00.00""""'''''','.00"'"'"-,".00,".".fio$ """"fac!Urio,gSW,OOOS\OO,OOO)",from

    PAGE 46

    'P.t","m,r.""rin8fum>.sw.ooo(0.4 X $100,000);fiom"""""""iOIl,=0(0.0x$100,000):fr<)mIt''"$10,000 (0 1x110'),000):and fromhou",hokl..$20.000 (..,.1-2x$100,(00)1"'e1etdina=in,h.OU,!""oflO<..1l"'du",iinIh.lim'''''''dis$7<),000($ZO.OOO+$40,000,.tlo,OOO),Thi.in'"indirectimpacton QUlpo'.S;"lhoofl>hcrcreote:!lIDtueh<>1d-..""",heincr"""1.1"'"",m.ofthtboo!Cl'beoomesmorecompl;",,:ed..dansinboooeholJ..,.,wheasinthofirstn:undw."'....dooJ;"tls<>!limple>.nd'0theJlf"""SJ,""Md.,.only,he, ilrit'.ll:urestlOlderr.....ds$4,000of.griJ,;"C<""""'fiOCluringu>OO$0.02ofagri""hLlf>.!,",,'pU'perdoliaroffaoluri."lll""tput,mo.""fl=.Ioflh.,.lheeoonruCl;co"'duot'Yoor'ho'''deinduWydemood.ony'sricultu'oIp,oducuin,he'''''IIdround.Thus.1><"'0'"orthe.,v_tonofOgrirolturol>LtdlfW>Jf.cturing"'"'PU' andthe""Of"''''inbouhoJdincolIl1,Of'bioorrtWnl, $12,000j,ttl<>;itI,het1'rdrowonh.tabl.tuO.yhooompl.....;nthe'101M_y,<>otlO:"tworow.ofTobl.S.L",.,!\lUrthsnd''''''';''"'3represpIOy1\101\l,ond,....oJ!d.di""aft..-tl>e..oond,ouod''''''''Plfur,he""liM"Opaet on,heoollSltuctionitldu,try,"'ttlchi,oot'lSWl,'1 zero).Thi.occursthe;octu!ttiaJoMr.ousel:oldSOClor>donot'pendoIlofthcir
    PAGE 47

    inlendr'll,orkeep.pon,""osmoinodurning.n ......'fromtbeIoal,,00,Qfindirect ondindudimpa1ch"'lreFromTobieS,2,weconuk.......tillJllfacruringsol.........J"inon increa",ofin the>el..ofallloC3lind,,:dung..may&I'"be.""resotdinmultipl ....f;meIl'.andt>xeSdue10.dolluella.ogcin!heoutputofthe"..,..lfaett,;iogbdu"IY.W,ref"tQ....i"j"stlYinc<>",.,employm;1axlIllJl'ipli....jU"....ellinduWyII"'''''''difIe:-tr:tindll"'YOUlp"tfll\Il,ipti=10Qutex."'pl..,hetOlali"'l'aet.Cl.Inpractice,'hemulliplittSOf.lim.thrnthe)'...tWlitd10thedirectimpocltoproducethe101&irnpaot.To...howlhi,"clone reG":'''"lJl"ndppo=!'0industry.,",,!tipli .....'""""I'''''""'P'''=!ripElon,''''io."",,Cp6.'hrho__of""!.<'a..._JFw'"'-_''',_l-Io!l,lo<..'98S),p.ll,We",.,j;"g"'''''''_,,,,,_0rIi0t"'_""",pb""".--o(....._-tr'"'<>4rho_.-l-.tieollo
    PAGE 48

    fi""oobI.1in,he"'ensioedhere.UClhowtheii;liersor<:01>:.0)0underSlalldwr..,lbrymean&ridhowlbry""'YbeusetloJ;eS,3i'th.'on.1coe:ffici.'JrrwriTobloS.!.r!I."tryinTabl.SJI,0.,inttriTldwtJy multipli ....Tho'is,itTqlT.......the :>dof>iii_columnal'0fuWd<:no.,oweco'0ir>::r..oeby$100,000,t!'..,....'<1in<1'e&stbySI9S,%O,Ou,I'-"ofthehouseholdj,e"'c__byhowcho1h\>o'OlJld"'"by$18S.86(l,Thei",trindu>try i"",oct.ofclw>g..insale>lh,ldtm..d ofthoo,h",06Ct""wouldhe<>!cul.tetrixi'rochicingSeV'g,....HnJ\8ri""ltute,=0.9301lMOS0.70'71079%0t'otISWCIioo0.=,=0_0._0=M>nufmuring,=2.26363.2727Ul%2!.9()91,"'.,=1.9758 1.9596 3.4343ftou""hoJd,,=1,91S2 1.8586 2.02022,%S7The.m<:of$185,860.""''',theind'>S<'Y0\11"", ""'Itiplie'" oretheoorumIl ,urnof.It.the""""ofacto ringiodu"ryoU'pu'!1\\li'i;>Iiori.6.2828.Ind\lmyittoome tmIhiplier;"simply the interindmtry multipli...in1herowand,lit;r.mstry 001","". Fot our<=pk,hi.i,1ff:toJrgoi:ls inroth< d......,if.hOllldbeeO>}''0seehow'hointerindustry ""'1"pJi....10TobloUbetrvISfom>tdintoinretirl
    PAGE 49

    oroW<I>ofor.pecificof"""ntie', Sinceore"I'-8'",gior.a1",?Ul-<>utpvtmodelrequir<,alr'nsqoemly."'eto=tll<:IMPLANmodel,,,,,,Operl..&"",...lfecti,'eme.".todevelopregiooal input.wtputmrxIcl.[\1PLAN(Irnp4'"lAJul-,si,forPLA,\ni.'IDwuoriginally.,,',Iope>Otlr.;em""'sern<"tplilllling.n.lMPLANaoIIII1Scloselyfollowthe"""""""';0"'uSectonTh.[\ll'LANmo-."<-;i,widely used.00h.,1>
    PAGE 50

    CHAPTER 6TOTAL IMPACTS OF THE HILLSBOROUGHCOUl'oTYAJIlATIONAUTHORl1l'InChoFt"4,weptesughCOImlyAffitionAuth<>rn,.(llCAA).L'ldinChapter5,",.doo..s.sedhowdirectimpac"ore 'r>n!fonncdintototalimJ=!'......'"".ode!.I",hi,dup'or,"..p""'"tbe,otalimpaeU'osultitlsfrom "!'Plying,1>0input.""'p'"m:>delfor HillsbwooghCoo"'yto,1>0direct irnpect,ofHCAATOTAL IMl'ACTS6.1pr=t0,886 $257,162,9008,232Indirn<;t&irld<=i296,864,214341,889,4009,699Total. 51,059,595,100$599,052,J(l() 17,9JIRot,th.., Imp'cr3.6'4 3.0'43.30/.Tew"",,,,,,ofewer$1billioninTe*6,1'<<=t'thetw.!productionofJim.l,g<>O<1sandservicesbHilbbo"",ghc.u,,:ym6><01YOM19%."riOOl3bletothelJgood>servkesinHillsboroogh CountyWnwaa.'Althoughthi,i,cl...ty largemnr.bet,itmayto=:ghCountyofS29,663,SOO,OOO.00..... 'imf"C!ofHCAAistoerd'''''otboot3.6percenI{)flO."",nomy'.'otalOUljm........-...ini""'.......,""01<1><"'__wIt"""""'<0*_"'*til<......oflit.lli"'Is""'"""'_<:oowo;"""-"4""""'""'""'""lotOi>_tl><&><1_.."....4<_

    PAGE 51

    flbe,oWOUlpu,$762,730,$$6w"tho directimp....dioouss.edinChapt..3.ThelI!i/l<;1ondinduoedinlpoW. tho"riwk'dfepoettnNbt..inlo$1.39of'oUl!""'P'"o+t:et.Thioio"""''''''s.0.-"S2$induwiol>tOr>;tho=oralll'.uJtiplitt>W1lUldYMy,The"t",.xtforol""poet,or.conUinedinthoAppendixtotbi, ...".,,,.fV!nJplclonHl!l>boWJg!l Countyin_i'ow!:;S600million.TI.i,r"?f=\'thoi_in''''''meintheOOUlllyaMb\.'\WlottlHeM.Otlrincomefigur.iD<.IIldt$as...-ellaspropmy",.,.",,"'omy, lhi'amounl'to""'li'3.0pm:etlf.Therippl...Ir.einditeclandinm:oedimplct..llInO\lottonearly $342 million.In,hi,""'",the.....->g.ltllJItipIioris2JJ.fioally.,obi.6.I,I>o'.,uheimp...onernplO)'l\'\<:.Uoi.2.1$f\-,.....llCAA""'"ln1>u1..tofinalproduction,bcome,ott:!employmenti.lli110b0rooa:ltCOOlll)",..roll""add.'tiooa,l""""""'thatwooldMtbocolk",dintilOf"Hlll,borou.gll CountyAviOlir>nAu,horilIT1996&v26Sal"In:lUoeT:ox24,860,670,.,$54,873,190fMlatgentopaet,owly$".5million,"!he""""""co!lectedbytho$\01.w..andu,"tax.Thi'"roW""tho oddlticnol 'ax ,......u..collOCledbytl-.eS1>10orflorid. '"HjllsborOllghCountyoftilbQroug!l County Avi:ltion Authority.Th.oecondlMgesIfigure""Tobie (;,2,illmo"$'D,Smillion,i''heimpbCtklaIrWestate""co.ThI.1i.gufofOp'''''''''thelIMldowladvo!or""'JIdbe(rI-cr$4millioolow...intheob"",coorHCAA.The'.'",ainingt:ue,aretho'".........edby,he"'t.00motOr vehicle>, parimutuel""gering,."ddocumentary=1"'.n....

    PAGE 52

    109:CdICfamowtt10"'...S:.!r.ill1icnAllinall,natellld10001go,=_""""""U""oearIySSSmillion_rerevttbon'hoywouldbeintheab=ceofHCAA.IMPACTSBYAIIl.POllTTbeHilbboroughCountyA''iationAuthorityadmini<'fU1Airpo",on.dVandenbergAtlpo:t,TIAisthemajo,oirponInHillsb<>rotlghCounty>00,indeed,inWO$lCentrnIFIorid1l.Theotherthree.rrpoo..a1th01lgh""'cll>m&!!erUlanTIA,........majo, rol.inhelping'ed""air"""3"''''"in,be,Ourenaly';,do>esnotcap",,"thedfed'o!this.cthity;ins:=!,itmeasur onlyth.additionalel>l.totheNevonhcl....iti,in'tteSli"8'0"'"whatthe fourairrorlt"""tribu,e individually to lbe1<>0&1e! SI,049,703,ZOO17,79. $54,JM,161;Peter0.Knigh'2,612,600"239,314V01ldeobefg2,617,8001,405,900n12S,7S1PI."tCity 2,410,100 1,2(;5,000HIlS,929AUAi",,,,,,.$I,OS9,195,IOO17,931$54,S73,I90A>....""Id beexpeeted,TIAdorril.w..theoconorrilcin,...","rHCAA, OCCOUllqr"rover99patTIA,.ntheimpact.usociotod ",itll...-villSJlU'<'li ....andandail'ililori"'l"\CU.Theimpactsoflbo<>ther airports irdIdotl>1opera,l"ns,ir.eludir.gbo,hl-JCAA.00i....-,i..and,be."thiti..off"...;based0"""""and.......o:nether.<:th;ti..,IUchosth.mediaoperatioo," re,er0,J(nWrllyrobIkl!<",p"Au,u,.""/'"h'"O.AI",..,1''''''_'"('-"Y,1m,"'"TQANP""MpI1m

    PAGE 53

    1!'>{I'ACISBYINDUSTRYWe,*",aggrtpodfuom=onofourinpuI"UIP"ttt><>lllIDOrlly"oedind"OINJ.>....Mil'.iIlg,oedConmuctioo;M .....fa.:turiog;('=.icatio""andUtilities;RonornkofHCAA.in t ....... oflht-so4t""Fing!is."....,tedinTob!. 6.4lli:Mll1lIkt6l1lolug!:sliI'4'*lOiltheiOOtJ5lri:>l"""(If,Ctlulp\l'impact.1m.>:<"'"i,s<>hea,,1yimputedbeca.,,,,d;iI.:lcv<:tylatgtdirectimpactofoirtmlUpOrt.nthatmake.impacroolarg .Thes.rv;""industryiooj",VOl)'gtUllyimpoc;ed,..26pen:ent!OUtputHot.the""""inl.lu=>ci>tedwithpa=tg..-..ld....,sl-Jippor..wdI..tl-..<>:pea,,;lybyHCAA...13percrntoftbetoWoutplltimpact,fu' \"$1,."tnbor..,d,'ahJ.ofproduct>"oedbytbe"'b""'(If'servingpas..ngota,shippen,and\OfO"Thei"'l"'C'oncaclloftherem>ini"g=0['1"",ounu.tolosst!lan7peroontofthetoulfI'J'impoet-T.b1e6.4Im_M,blrldu't"''''"ionAut"""",,FYI996l"dusfJ'!olImJX1Cf!kef''''00,,"',-,EmploymentAgri",lw,e,Minir.g,Constru<;t;Qn$1,793,200'"final'"".I"",...,..,..RwEMW:72,019,300 67,472,$00I,OSOUq,'otllmtnt,16.310,600 1&,161.700'"lJ,SJJ,20019,165,100".Iletoil&.Wbolosa1eTtode142,273,500 10I,S66,3oo 4,818'"*"214,g53,70016-(a65,OOO5,B6non<-.Com"PublicUtilit'.'538,411,600 214,036,0005,SIO""..Sl,OS9,5gS,100 S5W,052,3W17,\>:JI..-

    PAGE 54

    SW>IMARYANI) CO:-iCLlISIONSTf'l>ver""gh County ww1d have ded.iIledby3.6percen'.;c.<;mew<>uldh>vefl\]1""by3.0per,.".t,..odernpl<>ymwouldha..ttpfthe"""'nt:;,10...-iou>Itwouldolsohave ",suited...sigr.ifu:antrWolak>"cofO'VO"""oollectedby.,,andloc&!amounting10n'.....,.SSSmitliOD.T.."'P'lrnemo,ioriliportio11',,,ControlFlorid>..M mctAlthoughIh''wedonotmn<>CC<>U!ltfo<9Qp"c<"loflhetotal;mp.",'For"'.d""I!>.>t""=_..i<""-""_'"__""""a""p,Ask..-",jorP,,,.O,J::.JPtA....,..,No<-...ho'I'M.a;!KrM(lP""ofG...,..JA_.."H,","_hC..,v',Aqooll!l9J

    PAGE 55

    APPENDIXVETI1lLf)fMPACrTABLESn.foUow'.IlSthree..hI..=t';othedetoiledimpeubyi'ldouriol=rIUedinthen..IPl.A.'\'il'f"l'-drl.TheI:>IPLA,'1:lrlCOIIIai:'l>Sto....belthoawendt.et""tad>tableg;-,.,lheittJu"rial=tOr'Inoml>er..,dMIlle. thediru:timp"".1inl"",,,'bt<'l'lll$of(Jlltf>J'(,!ItdoU.,,'llo.oflioaliood.<..,dW"ietprodooed),io",,",.(",cludi,,!!w.ge....d!"'Openy;0>""'),ornplorrr.eo"ood",x...fableA.ICODtoin.!theto1>lonomicimpact,oftheIWl>l>omugllCountyAviation(;!CAA)OIl HillitcfctlghCoomy.TobieA2prese;"".paCl';"eludethe;"'p.a",ofairlineI1Idoirportop<,otk""I1Idfociliti." thetmpoetsofpa>ler.gero",d,rjppers,I1Idthe;,tlp>CUof'ilit=T.bIeAlshow>theO<:(loom:ebop'''''furthe throirport,UDderHCM'."",I>:>city,Pet..O.K!>ight,Pi""Cit)',andV."dent>erg",pott,.Thoftbefixed..09'"''''''of'oo.c,.;,port"I1Idfewo,herminor operationsthe,""""'II!hooteL"j>Ort""The"'.'88"<1l"edfo'tit<'br;.,,,.thebdi\idoolimpae"of'"er.ull",oJIle<=se_",."'edtoprese"'.the ","n)-Tnity0[10"'"ofthe ol'e....;o'",ho..oirport.Retmo"of'..indWriaJ=<0""""lain=-<>direct ;"'p>.ctlThetQ!albO""C\'U......']lIe>!eOrlOffi)'.SI

    PAGE 56

    Table A.l Total EronomiclmpocU,Hilliborooj;b Co.nl)' Aviati"" A.ilionl)'. FY 19%-IfiI;;f,I::::1,--,:::;;I:;;;I..I';;'to,,"..,...","'-..-....".,_a,...-"m..,..........c..'"-=,-'",........."'...--.-....,---'",_u..a"".---",, ,_>;o.a-.-=,.---cd,,,M'''..,.;",'..----""............-...-..w"."""',,"--.=-.." ".=--"v..._-n""-,="',",,tL,,,,,,,-00-.=-om,--=,om, ,."........ aN....'Y"""""-",.,-..-,"""",,,"""-..-._,-'.,,,,............._""",aFIobory""""',--'.'.'..---".,......=-=,-,"......----..M.........._."-"'"-.=,-...,"-""""',,,,,,,,,',,-,,--..",..,,....,..,""........-..w-'m,,...._aou.,... ,..,.,"'...-..W-,="...,"----.",..,...""..,'".=-,n""'.,,="<>o-l..."""',---..,"<>o-l...-.'"a"....... ,--=,.,..-""."""----,".-.,"'-,;>""'""'.-.="",,'..,."..............'"-=,om".',._a-.GnIo""_.==,om,""..... c.."",,,""r"",-..w"-,.........-.-,,......."'...........'--."",,""'.""2""""""aO'm.=.-0-",-..""""'''''''l'__-.."-,."'"....... a ...... "'..."".-=,."'"..--,----"---, ..,-..,-""..-_.."....,.......-'".....'a...."'"---..="

    PAGE 57

    ----'"-""......","","-........--..,.,."..' "'"...............'00--","",,-m"""...,,-,,----'"r-,""...__-=.-,.-,.-n""-,.-_."..,.,---m'"""""""&""""----"WT'"""'"..H.--=,,",-,.....-=,M W.,.,....""""rio,---","'"--.",.e.-.,,,"""",.-_.-,.,'"........---.,,._"A__.--..",'"..-"""",,"""",......-nnll!--..""-'.'---".....---...---,"",.-&"'*'""""<)".,,.,.---,.'"'"---"-,-,.W_"""'.o""..----"','"W"--,",.w"'"'"""""",..--."".-,.-,,,w...,,"'_--,.W",,","",,,00.-.""-,,",....__.......---'"U",.w_,.,..,""'""'"""""---.",.u.......-,lo
    PAGE 58

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    R,HERENCSAviationPlar.llli>gAs><>cia:e>,Ino.TheEccr.omk:ImpactcfIh'iatioo inPla:lll:ngIno.,1983.D."EoooomiJwnScholefield."Socie>-Ec<>oomicI:rrtraetA.....m<::i'ProjeruLott,"RegionalSr.?fil$from Airpcrts:BuUdi"iJcfaMood.AUtum.A.L:AobomU";ver.;,y,July1985OUll... ,S'ow'"I,i ..an:ll.et!T<"""J.Ki=M.asurlng1MR'gionalEconomk:SilJ"ifl=ofAtrports.W.,r.ington.DCfed.,..) Aviation Mmil'ljllra,ion,USDcpan=tofT'anslX'rtlllion.October1986Cambridg.Inc.ImfXICI' OfAtrpcruandAirport Improvom'n1/'roj.as.W,scoosia..tk>n,1985tomMdg.Sy"omati:;,Jr.o.B.,.;I",,,8m.fil1Beemill"'cfMilitaryR=Spcn1lng(\V..IUog'OfI,D.C.:Rtgion.alECOIlomicBur.."ofEconomicA"IllY:;"US.Depllftm.r.' ofCo:nmefce, November 1980).."ldJljclw1jD.(lundy,RlMSlI R,Apri!19$1),CityofL"" Ar.g.l..o.p.an"'enlofAilpon1ht&onomlcImJ"XIcf/heCityojl.MAngth,'Aiqx>monSowhAI'S']"Dort',19S9...AUn,a!'!ci'"andRelPropertyVaIu...JournalofT"""P"'IFbmQmiutr,d Policy,Vol,13.No.2,May1994,)ljl.17SCooJlld.AUpon.aMEcooo;rUc!k".ioJ'tllOnt:Allo...rview,Trantp
    PAGE 75

    D<:St:lvo,.IosophS."MeasuriIllltlloDirool!lnp>.."1'ora Pall,"TronrponatkPt .k>u"",I,vol,Jl,l'io.4.S""""..,.1',.pp.ll-l2,FuU",'0-..UM<>mic lmpoc'"itk.PanofTampa.Tarep", FL:c.m..IWEconornkandMwg."....,tReseatel\,1983html=,JtilieKP.'E<=.o:cioIrnp>cl.of,,"NOr1hCttrdTe.,..,Tra>ofTtanspo,l3l;on.Sacramento.198a.l''<:berg,JUOIWmlcI.mpa<:'afA,'iano"/Iii/Wi'.DivUionoftuinoi'DeparunefltJilt}7orltktAvian"" Sy"'mPlan;WmCmtralFlwid4Me,rrpoJi!hingronInte"",'tC/1OIAirportonthoStareojMa>yIand__FinalRep"'t.J.nki:ltc....n.VA:GoUman.us<>ci.,os,Inc..Fet:ruOt)'19&6.1'tll1"""'1>,"JournalofTrailspot"Echetero,kThe{mpa<:!ojAvln'ionInArltona.ArironaS",.Uci"enity. 1982.ROiUIdE.,MdPet..D.BIoi..-.IIIp"'_O"tputAn,,,,>-,,s.'Foundatl=andf):,.,!$i()Jts(EtW...-oodCliflS.,N1:Vrtnliec-HalI,Inc.19S5).E#inSo"&onolG<,.,.trruTlOlltC.]>ito!Pr
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    Hernyk,\\'011"", H.,"al.''''P'1<'oil'"Progr=Of'-"weal&>o<>onty:AnInpuM)u'P'"Analy#J.Morgu.m""",",'Y:W,..VtrginiaUni-';tyF""od.:ion,1967Notris,B>I:o;-B.,>ndRicbrdOotez,w,ki'"economico.-'eIopmentlmpaofAirport'"A C,JUsJ,Vo!,1,No.1ll9Q,pp.82%OrpnioatiooforEwr,,,,,,,,,CtU'l>C!ltofAviation, 1988.p,,,M,rwi,keoo",lt;"gSe"'"",oonomt.'1",fXJ'"SIUrbli.e.""ji"AS3tSSIMntfro Ptrer0.lJrightAlrpor'.No".",...,W,R)'''''Tlllloth,.."-,lHi.1""rougl'.Coo,on.;""ortdVi.itOION>OCi,UOIl,FloridaToun'mlndllS1J)'M.tj,'t'"s;CotpO",tw...,Ai'Vi",',,,,TripProjil''\!eyWo:ldAndrewJ.G. Bi88',ofR..l.1,JL'1'-'''Y199),FP)_18.\hl<=,AA..Air;x>n.....E,,,ofL"'r"vIDsAvilli,., Airpon., Tr"mporwrtooRnrarchRoNtlt1.Vol. I,No.274,1m.w.\Vi1burS""'-bAssoci"",TheE'.conoroi<:1"'fX'C1o/eMIA'icrionon'Mu.s..r.<:
    PAGE 77

    ok,Io.t1Jw<'IGt_.4"","""""ae-....o"!:nio.=i!y,198-<


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