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Electric power and natural gas outage study

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Title:
Electric power and natural gas outage study
Physical Description:
1 online resource (ii, 123 p.) : maps ;
Language:
English
Creator:
University of South Florida -- Center for Economic Development Research
Publisher:
Center for Economic Development Research
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Electric utilities -- Econometric models -- Florida -- Tampa Bay Region   ( lcsh )
Electric power failures -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Energy industries -- Econometric models -- Florida -- Tampa Bay Region   ( lcsh )
Economic surveys -- Florida -- Tampa Bay Region   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Florida   ( lcsh )
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bibliography   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Abstract:
Commissioned by the Los Alamos National Laboratory, this report utilizes the LANL model of the natural gas pipeline system and electric power grid to estimate the economic impacts of specified outages in the seven-county Tampa Bay region.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
Statement of Responsibility:
prepared for Los Alamos National Laboratory by Center for Economic Development Research, College of Business Administration, University of South Florida.
General Note:
Title from PDF of cover (viewed Aug. 14, 2009).
General Note:
"March 2003."

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002024199
oclc - 430486835
usfldc doi - C63-00029
usfldc handle - c63.29
System ID:
SFS0000305:00001


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Electric Power and Natural Gas Outage Study Prepared for Los Alamos National Laboratory by CENTER FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH College of Business Administration 1101 Channelside Dr., 2nd Floor N., Tampa, Florida 33602 Office: (813) 905-5854 or Fax: (813) 905-5856 March, 2003

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iTABLE OF CONTENTS PREFACE…………………………………………………………………………ii INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................1 METHOD.................................................................................................................2 DATA........................................................................................................................7 ELECTRIC POWER ANALYSIS.......................................................................10 NATURAL GAS ANALYSIS...............................................................................11 REFERENCES......................................................................................................14 APPENDIX A. REMITM-SIC BRIDGE..............................................................15 APPENDIX B. OUTAGE REPORTS.................................................................30 APPENDIX C. NATURAL GAS USAGE BY SIC.........................................120

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iiPreface Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has been conducting a comprehensive evaluation of the Nation’s critical infrastructures for more than a decade. Although this evaluation has focused primarily on national security concerns, these critical infrastructures are an integral component of the Nation’s economic activity and whose vulnerabilities have economic impacts that are important to understand. As an outgrowth of their research, LANL has developed a model of the natural gas pipeline system and electric power grid for the Tampa Bay region that is resolved to a very detailed level of description. Using this model to simulate outages of electric power and natural gas, LANL has commissioned the Center for Economic Development Research (CEDR) to estimate the economic impacts of these specified outages in the seven-county Tampa Bay region. The Center for Economic Development Research initiates and conducts innovative research on economic development. The Center’s education programs are designed to cultivate excellence in regional development. Our information system serves to enhance development efforts at the University of South Florida, its College of Business, and throughout the Tampa Bay region. Dr. Colie and Mr. Hughes, primary researchers on this project, gratefully acknowledge the contributions of all members of the CEDR research team: Nolan Kimball, information / publications coordinator; Alex McPherson, economist; Anand Shah, database administrator; Dodson Tong, data manager; and Eduardo Drewnick, graduate research assistant. Robert Anderson, Dean, College of Business Administration (COBA), USF Dennis Colie, Director, Center for Economic Development Research (CEDR), COBA, USF Economist and Principal Investigator Danny R. Hughes, Economist, Center for Economic Development Research (CEDR), COBA

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1INTRODUCTION The protection of critical infrastructures is a problem of ever increasing importance. In response to this growing problem, Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has been conducting a comprehensive evaluation of the Nation’s critical infrastructures for more than a decade. While LANL has primarily focused on national security concerns, these critical infrastructures are an integral component of the Nation’s economic activity and whose vulnerabilities have economic impacts that are important to understand. Having developed a model of the natural gas pipeline system and electric power grid for the Tampa Bay region that is resolved to a very detailed level of description, LANL is able to simulate interruptions of electricity and natural gas due to unspecified infrastructure failure in the region. In an effort to understand the economic impact in terms of the specific commercial and industrial mix in the outage areas, LANL commissioned the University of South Florida (USF) Center for Economic Development Research (CEDR) to estimate the economic impact of these simulated outages. Studies examining the cost of power interruptions date to the early 1970s, as researchers strove to determine the optimal level of power system reliability. A review of this literature is found in Caves, Herriges, and Windle (1990). In most studies, the value of additional system reliability, or the cost of power outages, is typically weighed against the cost of achieving this increased reliability to gauge optimal system performance. While most of these studies indicate that current electric power systems are too reliable given the cost of increased reliability, the actual values estimated for the cost of power interruptions vary widely. This variance in estimates is largely attributed to the differences in estimation procedure and the assumptions employed. However, without exception, previous studies have relied upon either gross aggregates, such as the gross product of an area divided by total electric consumption, to serve as an upper bound for economic loss or on surveys to ascertain the cost of power interruption. This study is unique in that we seek to directly estimate the economic impact of an interruption of electrical power or natural gas within specific outage areas. Using geographic information system (GIS) software, we merge detailed establishment databases with outage areas generated by LANL’s simulation model to identify with great precision exactly which establishments are affected by a given outage. Incorporating establishment data with a nationally recognized economic impact model, we are then able to estimate measures of impact that considers the specific industry mix and density within the outage area. This approach provides a greater understanding of how hypothetical outages may impact specific areas than previous studies, which rely upon simple linear trends of aggregate or survey data.

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2METHOD The method employed to determine the economic impact of a business interruption due to an outage of electricity or natural gas is a multi-step procedure requiring the integration of several distinct processes. First, simulated outages are generated using a variant of LANL’s Energy Interdependence Simulation (EISIMS) model (Unal et al. 2002) developed for the Tampa Bay region. Geographical Information System (GIS) shape files are then created to delineate the areas affected by the outage. The shape files and duration for each outage are then sent to CEDR to estimate the economic impact. The method used to estimate the economic impact is outlined in Figure 1 Figure 1. CEDR Business Interruption Economic Impact Procedure As shown above, once CEDR has received simulated outage area shape files from LANL, the shape fields are integrated into the front-end database and direct economic impacts are determined. Results from this process are then formatted for input into the REMITM Policy Insight model, which estimates the indirect economic impacts. A final report is then compiled and returned to LANL. Appendix B contains the individual reports from each simulated outage. Descriptions of each process and our measures of economic impact are detailed below. Tampa Bay GIS Overlays ( Front-end Database ) The foundation of our analysis is the creation of the front-end database a geographical model of the seven county Tampa Bay region comprised of several linked geographical overlays and Outage area received from LANL Query front-end database and estimate direct impacts Reconfigure direct impacts for REMITM model REMI TM Policy Insight model estimates total economic impact Results of outage returned to LANL

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3 databases. Using the Environmental Systems Research Institute’s (ESRI) ArcView 3.2 GIS software, linked geographic overlays were created for the census tracts, counties, and zip codes in the Tampa Bay study area. These overlays were integrated with comprehensive street maps of the region. Linking the Tampa Bay spatial overlays with comprehensive street maps allow for the geocoding of individual establishments by street address to the combined GIS project area. The geocoding process is the identification and addition of point locations to an existing geographical overlay. Typically, as in this case, the point locations are linked to databases that contain additional characteristic data that are associated with the point locations. Databases including street address, employment, and industry group as defined by the 3-digit Standard Industry Classification (SIC) code of all business and educational establishments in the Tampa Bay region were geo-coded to the project area to complete the front-end database A detailed description of the data sets used to create the front-end database and results of the geocoding process is included in the Data portion of this report. Measures of Economic Impact We examine the economic impact of an outage of electricity or natural gas through several direct and indirect impacts. We define direct impacts as the number of establishments and employees immediately affected by the outage. We also report other supplementary direct effects to include the number of educational institutions, along with their enrollment and employment, hospitals, and geographical divisions, such as counties, zip codes, and major cities, affected by the outage. Total impacts are defined as the value of lost production caused by the outage. This lost production includes both the production of industries directly affected by the business interruption and the production lost indirectly through the “ripple effect” as the flow of goods and services is momentarily slowed down or halted through the economy. The precise method used to estimate the direct and indirect impacts is described below. Number of Establishments and Employees ArcView shape files are received from LANL indicating a virtual outage area. These shape files are used to query the front-end database to identify all business establishments present within the outage area. This data is then aggregated according to industry group producing the number of business establishments and employees within each group. The aggregated data is then converted from 3 digit-SIC codes into the 51 industry groups used by the REMITM Policy Insight model. Appendix A contains the REMITM-SIC bridge developed for this conversion. Due to the confidential nature of some of the data underlying the front-end database when fewer than four business establishments within a given industry group are present in a virtual outage area, the number of firms and employees are not disclosed. These numbers are, however, included in our aggregation of the total economic impact.

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4Lost Production Production is measured as the sum of annual value added for each industry group uniformly scaled to the duration of the outage. The value added is measured using a counterfactual approach in application of the REMITM Policy Insight model. REMITM Policy Insight is a dynamic model that predicts how changes in an economy will occur on a year-by-year basis. The model is sensitive to a wide range of policy and project alternatives as well as interactions between regional economies and the national economy. Given the relatively static nature of a short-duration business interruption analysis, the model has been specified according to the assumptions of a traditional Input-Output model. A discussion of alternative REMITM Policy Insight specifications follows this section. A key assumption inherent within our measure of lost production is that all production lost due to a business interruption cannot be made up later during the business year. While this assumption may be untenable for very short interruptions in the production process, the value of any recovered lost production still represents the opportunity cost of using additional resources to compensate for the interruption and thus a tangible economic loss. Additionally, because we measure lost production as a proportion of annual value added, we do not capture inventories lost during the outage, such as products requiring refrigeration, further production lost after the interruption that may occur while manufacturers set-up to restart production. This imparts a downward bias in our estimate of indirect economic impact. In using the counterfactual approach, the affected employees in a virtual outage are removed from the baseline employment in the model. Because the baseline employment in any given industry is derived from historical data and projections within the REMITM model, the baseline may be fundamentally different from the employment data included within the front-end database When outage simulations indicate that all employment for a given industry in the front-end database has been affected, the baseline employment is reduced to zero. Additional adjustments to the baseline are made to avoid potential double counting that occurs when ripple effects simultaneously reduce employment in sectors that are catastrophically impacted by the outage. This modification prevents reducing employment by more people than are actually employed in the affected sector. REMITM Policy Insight Model Specifications1 In the model, businesses produce output to sell to other firms, consumers, investors, governments and purchasers outside the region. The output is produced using labor, capital, fuel and intermediate inputs. The demand for labor, capital and fuel per unit of output depends on their relative costs. The supply of labor in the model depends on the number of people in the population and the proportion of those people who participate in the labor force. Supply and demand for labor in the model determine the wage rates. Wage rates, along with other prices and productivity, determine the cost of doing business for every industry in the 1 This discussion of the model specifications relies on Treyz, 1993.

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5 model. An increase in the cost of doing business causes either an increase in price or a cut in profits, depending on the market for the product. An increase in cost decreases the share of the local and US market supplied by local firms. Incorporating a number of dynamic feedback loops, the model brings together the fundamental economic elements mentioned in the previous two paragraphs to determine a baseline forecast for each year. In practice, the REMITM model is composed of five basic blocks that may be adjusted: 1) output, 2) labor and capital demand, 3) population and labor supply, 4) wages, prices, and profits, and 5) market shares. Five versions of the REMITM model can be implemented with each version corresponding to different assumptions about labor demand and supply. The basic REMITM model employs the five blocks mentioned above. The general equilibrium demand for labor slopes downward and the general equilibrium supply of labor slopes upward. The wage responds to derived labor demand and there is an inverse relationship between the wage and market share. Thus, as the demand for labor rises, the wage rises and market share falls. Also, migration responds directly (positively) to a change in the wage, thereby increasing the labor supply. The Migration-only REMITM model suppresses the response of exports (regional share of interregional and international trade) and local demand (regional purchase coefficients) to a change in the wage or other production cost, as well as labor intensity responses to the wage. That is, the “market shares” block is disabled within the model. The result is a vertical labor demand curve and an upward sloping labor supply curve. The elimination of the negative effect of increased wages on exports and local demand (versus import competition) causes the output and employment multipliers to increase over the basic REMITM model. The Input-Output Model suppresses the labor intensity response to wage rates, market shares responses to regional competitiveness, and migration response to real after-tax wage rates and relative employment rates. That is, the “population and labor supply” block, the “wage, prices, and profits” block, and the “market shares” block are disabled within the model. The result is a horizontal labor supply curve and a vertical labor demand curve. Employment is a fixed proportion of output. Labor is immobile, i.e. migration is not an alternative to unemployment. Conversely, an implied assumption is that there are unemployed workers in the region if the number of jobs is to increase. The output and employment multipliers are expected to be larger than the basic REMITM model, but less than the Migration-only REMITM model. This is the assumption of Type I (without household sector) and Type II (with household sector) I-O models. The Market-clearing-wage (sometimes called the calculated general equilibrium model) model fixes the labor supply by suppressing the migration response and calculating the wage at equilibrium (labor supply = labor demand) at full employment. That is, the “population and labor supply” block is disabled. The result is a vertical labor supply curve and a downward sloping labor demand curve. Market share elasticities and a Cobb-Douglas production function are used to determine the wage rate changes needed to equilibrate labor demand and supply.

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6 This assumption implies that, for a positive employment shock, firms substitute between capital for labor, or leave the region. The employment multiplier is zero, while the output multiplier is expected to be smaller than the other models. The perfectly mobile general equilibrium model specifies that migration is completely responsive to labor demand. The wage remains unchanged because migration completely responds to a change in labor demand. The result is a horizontal labor supply curve (but labor is mobile) and a downward sloping labor demand curve. The “market shares” block and part of the “wages, prices, and profits” block are disabled. The employment and output multipliers are expected to be larger than for the other model except the Migration-only REMITM model. This is the labor market assumption of a Type III I-O model. For a short-duration business interruption analysis, the Input-Output Model assumptions (labor is immobile, the capital-to-labor ratio is fixed, market share is unaffected) seem to fit the simulation. The REMITM alternative (to the basic REMITM) model specification for the I-O Model with household sector is called “Input-Output including Endogenous Consumption.” The user’s guide description is “This alternative is similar to the Input-Output Processing Sector alternative, but the result also takes into account the changes in consumption arising from income changes associated with the inter-industry transactions. This approximates a Type II multiplier.”

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7DATA This section describes the data sets used to create the front-end database for our analysis. A discussion of the database utilized in our natural gas analysis is also included. Front-end Database EQUI Database The Enhanced Quarterly Unemployment Insurance (EQUI) database is the micro-level version of the State of Florida unemployment insurance data. This data set is a Bureau of Labor Statistics sponsored collection of job and wage data from all employers participating in Florida's unemployment insurance program. Because self-employed proprietors do not contribute to the unemployment insurance system, they are not counted in the data. Agricultural workers are often proprietors or family members of proprietors and, thus not included in the data. Hence, it is generally understood that the data covers non-farm civilian wage and salary employment only. This data set contains individual business addresses, number of employees, total wages, and Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code information for all non-farm employers in the region, allowing us to identify with reasonable precision all effected businesses and employees within an outage area. The Tampa Bay data sub-set used in this study was extracted from the 2001 fourth quarter Florida EQUI database according to county code, spanning Hernando, Hillsborough, Manatee, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, and Sarasota counties, and subsequently geo-coded. Each data point represents a reporting establishment. Geo-coding of the EQUI database produced the following results: Establishments Employees Total EQUI data points for Tampa Bay region: 90,991 2,413,520 EQUI data points successfully geo-coded: 69,058 1,824,010 EQUI data points unsuccessfully geo-coded: 21,933 (31.8%) 589,510 (24.4%) The 21,933 (31.8% of 90,991 total data points) establishments that were unsuccessfully geocoded are uniformly those with omitted address fields. The establishments that were unsuccessfully geo-coded employed 589,510 (24.4%) workers out of 2,413,520 employees reported in Tampa Bay. While these omitted data points represent a significant portion of the sample we are fundamentally constrained by the quality of the underlying data. Thus, our estimates of economic impact are downward biased. The effect of these omitted data points is partially mitigated by the use of supplemental databases, which are discussed below. Of the 69,058 data points that were successfully geo-coded, 1,427 were geo-coded outside of the Tampa Bay study area. An examination of these data points reveals that data collection error is the dominant factor in their placement. Because these 1,427 data points represent less than 2% of the available data their omission should not significantly bias the results of our analysis. Additionally, the reported employment of some data points, such as those for public schools, are aggregated within the EQUI database at the physical location of their human resource

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8 department. To preserve the integrity of the raw data, we identify and address this deficiency after querying the outage area. Although the EQUI database is the most detailed data available, we supplement it with additional databases to address its deficiencies and ensure that the outage area does not exclude establishments of substantial employment or importance. Use of these additional databases also allows for the reporting of a more precise characterization of the impact in a given outage area. We are constrained to using aggregate measures under the confidentiality rules of the State of Florida EQUI database. Book of Lists Database The Business Journal Serving Greater Tampa Bay annually publishes the “Book of Lists”, a collection of local business rankings. The “Book of Lists” rankings cover eighty-seven different categories, including limited education and government data. While the metrics used in the rankings differs for each category, most categories include the address and local employment data required for our analysis. Creating several geo-coded databases from this data, we are able to cross-reference the EQUI data points in any given outage area to ensure that no major establishment has been missed. Because the “2002 Book of Lists” was published at the end of the fourth quarter of 2001, this data is directly comparable to that used in the EQUI database. Tampa Bay School Database As mentioned in the discussion on the EQUI database, public school employment data are aggregated at the site of each school board’s respective human resource department. To address this problem, we have created a database of schools and auxiliary facilities for the seven-county Tampa Bay region. This database was compiled from a number of sources and includes employment and student enrollment for most facilities. The Hillsborough County School Board, the largest district in the region, directly provided detailed disaggregate data for our database. TECO Peoples Gas Natural Gas Usage Database TECO Peoples Gas, a wholly owned subsidiary of TECO Energy, is the largest natural gas provider in the state of Florida serving over 266,000 customers statewide. TECO Peoples Gas is also the largest provider in the Tampa Bay region serving approximately 75,400 customers and covering all of Hernando, Manatee, and Sarasota counties, as well as most of Hillsborough, Pasco and Pinellas counties and portions of Polk County. The TECO Peoples Gas database covers approximately 75.37% of natural gas customers in Tampa Bay. (Other natural gas providers and percent of Tampa Bay customer base are Central Florida Gas, Hillsborough and Polk counties, 9.14%; Clearwater Gas System, Pasco and Pinellas counties, 14.29%; and Ft. Meade Gas, Polk County, 1.20%.)

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9 This database contains natural gas usage for TECO Peoples Gas’ commercial and industrial customers in the seven-county Tampa Bay service region. The data was received from TECO Peoples Gas’ billing department and covers all commercial and industrial usage from November 2001 to October 2002. For confidentiality, customer names, street addresses, and amount of bill were removed. The database includes the customer numbers, premise number for each location using natural gas, premise zip code, customer’s associated 4-digit SIC code, and total therms of natural gas consumed for all of TECO Peoples Gas’ industrial and commercial customers in the Tampa Bay region.

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10ELECTRIC POWER ANALYSIS Two simulated outages were performed for this analysis. Simulation One consists of seven geographically distinct hypothetical outages (outage areas OA1-OA7) and an additional outage that consolidates the previous areas (SANEW). It is important to note that while the direct economic impacts due to a hypothetical outage in area SANEW is identical to the aggregate direct impacts of areas OA1-OA7, the indirect impacts are not. This is due to differences in the “ripple” effect produced by each outage as business interruptions in one part of the economy impact business establishments not directly affected by the outage. Simulation Two considers the effects of a single hypothetical 24-hour outage of the Brookridge substation (BROOKRIDGE). The economic impacts from S cenarios 1 and 2 are in Table 1 below. Lost output reported in Table 1 is measured by value added. We define value added as the value of output minus the cost of intermediate inputs needed to produce the output. Table 1. Summary of Economic Impacts AreaTotal ImpactImplied (sq. km)# Firms# EmployeesLost Output ($M)Lost Output ($M)Multiplier Simulation One OA1774.446,986165,471$14.78$ 23.891.62 OA2463.695,297117,276$19.24$ 30.891.61 OA3346.355,827188,942$34.83$ 55.261.59 OA4387.095,841108,329$16.85$ 27.081.61 OA5304.535,738169,658$22.37$ 37.481.68 OA6312.926,034112,158$15.51$ 26.431.70 OA7460.175,50999,517$18.84$ 29.281.55 SANEW3,049.1841,232961,351$142.42$ 233.971.64 Simulation Two BROOKRIDGE243.694,990115,963$17.27$ 26.661.54 Outage Area Direct Im p act All simulations were for a 24-hour duration, which we interpreted as impacting one day’s output. Thematic maps delineating each outage area and estimates of the economic impacts at the industry level are included in the detailed outage reports found in Appendix B These reports also include supplemental direct measures such as educational facilities, major hospitals, and zip codes that are affected by the outage. A test simulation consisting of 10 distinct hypothetical outages was also performed. Due to continued refinement of both the front-end database and the procedure for estimating economic impact during the test simulation, the estimates of economic impact produced in the test are not analytically reliable and are thus not included in this report.

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11 NATURAL GAS ANALYSIS In the electric power analysis above, all establishments within the simulated outage areas are economically impacted by the interruption in service. While this is a likely scenario from an interruption in electric power, barring the use of back-up power supplies, it is a less tenable assumption for an interruption of natural gas. In an effort to identify exactly which establishments would be impacted by natural gas outages, we obtained a database of all natural gas users from TECO Peoples Gas, the largest natural gas provider in the Tampa Bay region. Details on this database are contained in the Data portion of this report. Due to consumer confidentiality concerns, TECO Peoples Gas could not provide the establishments’ addresses required for geo-coding. Thus, we were unable to isolate individual establishments that may be affected by a natural gas outage. However, we have examined this database for any trends or commonalties in support of our understanding of the effects of an interruption of natural gas. To maintain comparability with our previous analysis we consider all establishments with actual usage in December 2001. Table 2 below displays the distribution of establishments by natural gas usage. Table 2. Establishments by Natural Gas Usage (Dec 2001) Natural Gas Usage (therms)# Establishments% of Total 0 1,000183124.75% 1,001 5,000230631.17% 5,001 10,000141719.15% 10,001 25,000119616.16% 25,001 50,0003524.76% 50,001 100,0001421.92% 100,001 250,000761.03% 250,001 500,000420.57% 500,001 1,000,000260.35% > 1,000,000110.15% Total Establishments7,399 Mean Usage (therms)51,731.12 Median Usage (therms)4,102 Minimum (therms)0 (335 observations) Maximum (therms)166,355,354 As indicated in Table 2 while establishments averaged 51,731 therms of natural gas in December 2001, this average is highly skewed by outliers in the sample. The typical establishment, which we define as those in the middle quartiles of gas usage, uses between 1,000

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12 and 10,000 therms of natural gas. The influence outliers exert on the sample is clear when one considers that the median gas usage for the entire sample is only 4,102 therms. The largest establishment in terms of natural gas usage is not surprisingly classified as a gas production and/or distribution establishment according to 4-digit SIC codes. However, there is no clear trend between energy usage and establishment type as indicated in Table 3 Table 3. Establishments Consuming 1,000,000+ therms of Natural Gas SIC 4UsageMajor DivisionSIC Short Title 20321,021,411ManufacturingPreserved fruits and vegetables canned specialties 28733,612,338ManufacturingAgricultural chemicals nitrogeneous chemicals 34111,386,047ManufacturingFabricated metal products metal cans 39998,873,380ManufacturingMisc. manufacturing industries: other non-classified 492545,621,010Trans, Com, & Ut ilitiesGas production and/or distribution 4925166,355,354Trans, Com, & Ut ilitiesGas production and/or distribution 508446,673,452Wholesale TradeIndustrial machinary and equipment 80111,016,796ServicesHealth services: offices and clinics of medical doctors 80621,547,378ServicesHealth services: general medical & surgical hospitals 82112,365,497ServicesEducational services: elementary and secondary schools 95111,557,765Public AdministrationAir, water, and solid waste management As expected, the variation in type of establishment increases greatly as we consider lower thresholds of natural gas usage. Table 4 indicates the number of establishments and average natural gas usage in therms by 1-digit SIC code. Table 4. Average Usage in therms by SIC SICEstablishmentsAverage Usage *6296,701 0**40313,984 14135,368 2100151,195 3142122,985 4375,755,494 52,66826,988 61,0158,995 71,23212,759 892324,854 920929,316* denotes unclassified establishment **may include unclassified establishments

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13 For a more complete analysis, Appendix C contains the number of establishments and average natural gas usage in therms by 4-digit SIC code.

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14REFERENCES 2002 Book of Lists, The Business Journal serving Greater Tampa Bay v.21 n.53, December 2001. Caves, D., J. Herriges, and R. Windle, “Customer Demand for Service Reliability in the Electric Power Industry: A Synthesis of the Outage Cost Literature,” Bulletin of Economic Research v.42 n.2, 1990. Treyz, George I., “Regional Economic Modeling,” Kluwer Academic Publishers, 101 Philip Drive, Assinippi Park, Norwell, Massachusetts 02061, 1993. Unal, C., B. Bush, K. Werley, and P. Giguere, “Modeling of Interdependent Infrastructures,” Los Alamos National Laboratory Report #LA-UR 02-0856. Los Alamos, New Mexico, 2002.

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15APPENDIX A. REMITM-SIC BRIDGE REMI CODE REMI NAMEREMI DETAIL SIC CODE SIC NAMESIC DETAIL Logging Camps & Logging Contractors 241—Logging Sawmills & Planning Mills 242—Sawmills & Planning Mills Millwork & Structural Wood Members, NEC 243—Millwork, Veneer, Plyw ood, & Structural Wood Members Veneer & Plywood 244—Wood Containers Wood Containers & Misc. Wood Prod. 245—Wood Buildings & Mobile Homes Mobile Homes 249—Misc. Wood Prod. Prefabricated Wood Buildings Household Furniture 251—Household Furniture Partitions & Fixtures 252—Office Furniture Office & Misc. Furniture & Fixtures 253—Public Building & Related Furniture 254—Partitions, Shelving, Lockers, & Office & Store Fixtures 259—Misc. Furniture & Fixtures Glass & Glass Products 321—Flat Glass Cement, Concrete, Gypsum, & Plaster Products 322—Glass & Glassware, Pressed or Blown Stone, Clay, & Misc. Mineral Products 323—Glass Prod., Made of Purchased Glass 324—Cement, Hydraulic 325—Structural Clay Prod. 326—Pottery & Related Prod. 327—Concrete, Gypsum, & Plaster Prod. 328—Cut Stone & Stone Prod. 329—Abrasive, Asbestos, & Misc. Nonmetallic Mineral Prod. Blast Furnaces & Blast Steel Prod. 331—Steel Works, Blast Furnaces, & Rolling & Finishing Mills Iron & Steel Foundries 332—Iron & Steel Foundries Primary Nonferrous Metals 333—Primary Smelting & Refining of Nonferrous Metals Misc. Primary & Secondary Metals 334—Secondary Smelting & Refining of Nonferrous Metals Nonferrous Rolling & Drawings 335—Rolling, Drawing, & Extruding of Nonferrous Metals Nonferrous Foundries 336—Nonferrous Foundries 339—Misc. Primary Metal Prod. Primary Metal Industries Stone, Clay, Glass, and Concrete Prod Furniture & Fixtures Furniture25 32 33 Primary Metals Stone, Clay, Etc. 2 3 4 1Lumber24 Lumber & Wood Prod., except Furniture

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16 Metal Cans & Shipping Containers 341—Metal Cans & Shipping Containers Cutlery, Hand Tools, and Hardware 342—Cutlery, Handtools, & General Hardware Plumbing & Nonelectric Heating Equip. 343—Heating Equip, Except Electric & Warm Air; & Plumbing Fixtures Fabricated Structural Metal Prod. 344—Fabricated Structural Metal Prod. Screw Machine Prod., Bolts, Rivets, etc. 345—Screw Machine Prod., Bolts, Nuts, Screws, Rivets, & Washers Forgings 346—Metal Forgings & Stampings Automotive Stampings 347—Coating, Engraving, & Allied svc. Stampings, Except Auto 348—Ordnance & Accessories, Except Vehicles & Guided Missiles Metal Coating, Engraving, and Allied Svc. 349—Misc. Fabricated Metal Prod. Small Arms & Small Arms Ammunition Ammunition & Ordnance, Except Small Arms Misc. Fabricated Metal Prod. Engines & Turbines 351—Engines & Turbines Farm & Garden Machinery 352—Farm & Garden Machinery & Equip. Construction Machinery 353—Construction, Mining, & Materials Handling Machinery & Equip. Mining & Oil Field Machinery 354—Metalworking Machinery & Equip. Materials Handling Machinery and Equip. 355—Special Industry Machinery, Except Metalworking Machinery Metal Working Machinery 356—General Industrial Machinery & Equip. Special Industry Machinery 357—Computer & Office Equip. General Industrial Machinery 358—Refrigeration & Service Industry Machinery Electronic Computing Equipment 359—Misc. Industrial & Commercial Machinery & Equip. Office & Accounting Machines Refrigeration & Service Industry Machine Industrial Machinery, NEC Electric Distributing Equip. 361—Electrical Transmission & Distribution Equip. Elect Industrial Apparatus 362—Electrical Industrial Apparatus Household Appliances 363—Household Appliances Electric Lighting & Wiring Equip. 364—Electric Lighting & Wiring Equip. Household Audio & Video Equipment 365—Household Audio & Video Equip., & Audio Recordings Telephone and Telegraph Apparatus 366—Communications Equip. Radio & TV Communication Equip. 367—Electronic Components & Accessories Semiconductors & Related Devices 369—Misc. Electrical Machinery, Equip., & Supplies Miscellaneous Electronic Components Fabricated Metal Products, except machinery & transportation equipment Electronic & other Electrical Equipment & Components, except computer equipment Industrial & Commercial Machinary & Computer Machinery 34 35 36 Machines & Computers Fabricated Metals Electrical Equipment 6 7 5

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17 Storage Batteries & Engine Electrical Parts Electrical Equip & Supplies, NEC Motor Vehicles & Car Bodies 371—Motor Vehicles & Motor Vehicle Equip. (Parts and Accessories; Truck Trailers; Motor Homes) Motor Vehicle Parts & Access. 375—Motorcycles, Bicycles, & parts Truck & Bus Bodies, Trailers, and Motor Homes Aircraft 372—Aircraft & Parts (Aircraft; Aircraft engines & parts; Aircraft parts & aux. Equip, nec) Aircraft & Missile Engines 373—Ship & Boat Building & Repairing Aircraft & Missile Parts & Equip. 374—Railroad Equip. Guided Missiles & Space Vehicles 376—Guided Missiles & Space Vehicles & Parts Ship Building & Repairing 379—Misc. Transportation Equip. Boat Building & Repairing Railroad Equipment Misc. Transportation Equip. Search & Navigation Equip. 381—Search Detection, Navigation, Guidance, Aeronautical, & Nautical Systems, Instruments, & Equip. Measuring & Controlling Devices, Watches 382—Laboratory Apparatus & Analytical, Optical, Measuring, & Controlling Instruments. Ophthalmic Prod. 384—Surgical, Medical, & Dental Instruments & Supplies Medical Instruments & Supplies 385—Ophthalmic Goods X-ray & Other Electromedical Apparatus 386—Photographic Equip. & Supplies Photographic Equip. & Supplies 387—Watches, Clocks, Clockwork Operated Devices, & Parts. Jewelry, Silverware, & Plated Ware 391—Jewelry, Silverware, & Plated Ware Toys & Sporting Goods 393—Musical Instruments Manufactured Products, NEC 394—Dolls, Toys, Games, & Sporting & Athletic Goods 395—Pens, Pencils, & Other Artists’ Materials 396—Costume Jewelry, Costume Novelties, Buttons, & Misc. Notions, Except Precious Metal 399—Misc. Manufacturing Industries Meat Prod. 541—Grocery Stores Dairy Prod. 542—Meat & Fish (Seafood) Markets, Including Freezer Provisioners Preserved Fruits & Vegt. 543—Fruit & Vegetable Markets Grain Mill Prod. & Fats, & Oils 544—Candy, Nut, & Confectionery Stores Bakery Prod. 545—Dairy Products Stores Transportation Equipment Transportation Equipment Food Stores Miscellaneous Manufacturing Industries Measuring, Analyzing, & Controlling Instruments; Photographic, Medical & Optical Goods; Watches & Clocks 37 38 39 54 37 Misc. Manufacturing Instruments Rest Transportation Equipment Motor Vehicles 10 11 8 9

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18 Sugar & Confectionery Prod. 546—Retail Bakeries Alcoholic Beverages 549—Misc. Food Stores Soft Drinks & Flavorings Misc. Food & Kindred Prod. 201—Meat Prod. 202—Dairy Prod. 203—Canned, Frozen, & Preserved Fruits, Vegetables, & Food Specia lties 204—Grain Mill Prod. 205—Bakery Prod. 206—Sugar & Confectionery Prod. 207—Fats & Oils 208—Beverages 209—Misc. Food Preparations & Kindred Prod. 211—Cigarettes 212—Cigars 213—Chewing & Smoking Tobacco & Snuff 214—Tobacco Stemming & Redrying Weaving, Finishing, Yarn, & Thread Mills 221—Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Cotton Knitting Mills 222—Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Manmade Fiber & Silk Floor Covering Mills 223—Broadwoven Fabric Mills, Wool (Including Dyeing & Finishing Misc. Textile Goods 224—Narrow Fabric & Other Smallwares Mills: Cotton, Wool, Silk, & Manmade Fiber 225—Knitting Mills 226—Dyeing & Finishing Textiles, Except Wool Fabric & Knit Goods 227—Carpet and Rugs 228—Yarn and Thread Mills 229—Misc. Textile G oods Apparel 231—Men’s & Boy’s Suits, Coats, & Overcoats Misc. Fabricated Textile Products 232—Men’s & Boy’s Furnishings, Work Clothing, & Allied Garments 233—Women’s, Misses’, & Juniors’ Outerwear 234—Women’s, Misses’, Children’s, & Infants’ Undergarments 235—Hats, Caps, & Millinery 236—Girls’, Children’s & Infants’ Outerwear Food and Kindred Products Apparal & other finished products made from fabrics and similar materials Textile Mill Products Tobacco Products 20 21 22 23 Apparel Textiles Tobacco Manufacturing Food 14 15 12 13

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19 235—Hats, Caps, & Millinery 236—Girls’, Children’s & Infants’ Outerwear 237—Fur Goods 238—Misc. Apparel & Accessories 239—Misc. Fabricated Textile Prod. Pulp, Paper, & Paperboard Mills 261—Pulp Mills Paperboard Containers & Boxes 262—Paper Mills Converted Paper Prod Except Containers 263—Paperboard Mills 265—Paperboard Containers & Boxes 267—Converted Paper & Paperboard Prod., Except Containers & Boxes Newspaper 271—Newspapers: Publishing, or Publishing & Printing Periodicals 272—Periodicals: Publishing, or Publishing & Printing Books 273—Books Miscellaneous Publishing 274—Misc. Publishing Commercial Printing & Business Forms 275—Commercial Printing Greeting Card Publishing 276—Manifold Business Forms Blankbooks and Bookbinding 277—Greeting Cards Printing Trade Services 278—Blankbooks, Loose-leaf Binders, & Bookbinding, & Related Work 279—Service Industries For The Printing Trade Industrial Chemicals 281—Industrial Inorganic Chemicals Plastic Materials & Synthetics 282—Plastics Materials & Synthetic Resins, Synthetic Rubber, Cellulosic & Other Manmade Fibers, Except Glass Drugs 283—Drugs Soap, Cleaners, and Toilet Goods 284—Soap, Detergents, & Cleaning Preparations; Perfumes, Cosmetics, & Other Toilet Preparations Paints & Allied Prod. 285—Paints, Varnishes, Lacquers, Enamels, & Allied Prod. Agricultural Chemicals 286—Industrial Organic Chemicals Misc. Chemical Prod. 287—Agricultural Chemicals 289—Misc. Chemical Prod. Petroleum Refining 291—Petroleum Refining Misc. Petroleum & Coal Prod. 295—Asphalt Paving & Roofing Materials 299—Misc. Prod. of Petroleum & Coal Paper & Allied Products fabrics and similar materials Petroleum Refining & Related Industries Chemical & Allied Products Printing, Publishing, & Allied Industries 26 27 28 29 23 Apparel Petroleum Products Chemicals Printing Paper 18 19 15 16 17

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20 Tires & Inner Tubes 301—Tires & Inner Tubes Rubber Prod. & Plastic Hose & Footwear 302—Rubber & Plastic Footwear Misc. Plastics Prod. 305—Gaskets, Packing, & Sealing Devices & Rubber & Plastic Hose & Belting 306—Fabricated Rubber Prod., nec 308—Misc. Plastic Prod. Footwear Except Rubber & Plastic 311—Leather Tanning & Finishing Luggage, Handbags, & Leather Products 313—Boot & Shoe Cut Stock & Findings 314—Footwear, Except Rubber 315—Leather Gloves & Mittens 316—Luggage 317—Handbags & Other Personal Leather Goods 319—Leather Goods, nec Metal Mining 101—Iron Ores Coal Mining 102—Copper Ores Crude Petroleum, Natural Gas, & Gas Liquids 103—Lead & Zinc Ores Oil & Gas Field Services 104—Gold & Silver Ores Nonmetallic Minerals, Except Fuels 106—Ferroalloy Ores, Except Vanadium 108—Metal Mining Svcs. 109—Misc. Metal Ores 122—Bituminous Coal & Lignite Mining 123—Anthracite Mining 124—Coal Mining Svcs. 131—Crude Petroleum and natural gas 132—Natural Gas Liquids 138—Oil and Gas Field Svcs. 141—Dimension Stone 142—Crushed & Broken Stone, Including Riprap 144—Sand & Gravel 145—Clay, Ceramic, & Refractory Minerals 147—Chemical & Fertilizer Mineral Mining 148—Nonmetallic Minerals Services, Except Fuels 149—Misc. Nonmetallic Minerals, Except Fuels Rubber & misc. Plastic Products Oil & Gas Extraction Coal Mining Metal Mining Leather & Leather Products Mining & Quarrying of non-meta llic Minerals, except fules 13 14 30 31 10 12 Mining Leather Rubber 22 20 21

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21 New Non-Farm Housing, Single Units 152—General Building Constractors—Residential Buildings New Non-Farm Housing, NEC 153—Operative Builders Non-Farm Residential Alterations & Additions 154—General Building Contractors—Nonresidential Buildings New Farm Housing, Alterations, & Additions New Industrial Bldgs. 161—Highway & Street Construction, Except Elevated Highways New Office Bldgs. 162—Heavy Construction, Except Highway & Street Construction New Commercial Bldgs. Except Offices New Educational Bldgs. 171—Plumbing, Heating & Air-Conditioning New Hospitals & Institutions 172—Painting & Paper Hanging New Non-Farm Bldgs, NEC 173—Electric Work New Communications Facilities 174—Masonry, Stonework, Tile Setting, & Plastering New Electric Utility Facilities 175—Carpentry & Floor Work New Water Supply & Sewer Facilities 176—Roofing, Siding, & Sheet Metal Work New Gas Utility & Pipeline Facilities 177—Concrete Work New Roads 178—Water Well Drilling New Local Transit Facilities 179—Misc. Special Trade Contractors New Conservation & Development Facilities New Non-Bldg. Facilities, NEC Maintenance & Repair Construction 24Railroad40Railroad Transport 401—Railroads, Line-Haul Operating 421—Trucking & Courier Services, Except Air 422—Public Warehousing & Storage 423—Terminal & Joint Terminal Maintenance Facilities For Motor Freight Transportation 411—Local & Suburban Passenger Transportation 412—Taxicabs 413—Intercity & Rural Transportation 414—Bus Charter Service 415—School Buses 417—Terminal & Service Facilities For Motor Vehicle Passenger Transportation 23 25 26 Local & Interurban Transportation Trucking Construction 15 17 16 Building Construction: General Contractors & Operative Builders Heavy Construction Other than Building Construction: Contractors Construction: Special Trade Contractors Motor Freight Transportation & Warehousing 42 41 Local & Suburban Transit & Interurban Highway Passnger Transportation

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22 451—Air Transportation., Scheduled, & Air Courier Services 452—Air Transportation., Nonscheduled 458—Airports, Flying Fields, & Airport Terminal Services Water Transportation 441—Deep Sea Foreign Transportation Of Freight Pipe Lines, Except Natural Gas 442—Deep Sea Domestic Transportation Of Freight Arrangement of Passenger Transp. 443—Freight Transportation On The Great lakes—St. Lawrence Seaway Misc. Trans. Svc. 444—Water Transportation Of freight, nec 448—Water Transportation Of Passengers 449—Services Incidental To Water Transportation 46 Pipeline, except natural gas 461—Pipelines, Except Natural Gas 472—Arrangement of Passenger Transformation 473—Arrangement of Transportation Of Freight & Cargo 474—Rental Of Railroad Cars 478—Miscellaneous Services Incidental To Transportation Communications Except Broadcasting 481—Telephone Communications Radio & TV Broadcasting 482—Telegraph & Other Message Communications 483—Radio & Television Broadcasting Stations 484—Cable & Other Pay Television Services 489—Communications Services, nec Electric Utilities Including Combined Svcs. 491—Electric Services Gas Utilities Including Combined Svcs. 492—Gas Prod. & Distribution Water & Sanitation Including Combined Svcs. 493—Combination Electric & Gas, & Other Utility Services 494—Water Supply 495—Sanitary Services 496—Steam & Air-Conditioning Supply 497—Irrigation Systems 601—Central Reserve Depository Institutions 602—Commercial Banks 603—Savings Institutions 606—Credit Unions 608—Foreign Banking & Branches & Agencies Of Foreign Banks 609—Functions Related To Depository Banking 27 28 29 30 31Banking Public Utilities Communication Other Transportation Air Transportation45Transportation by air Water Transportation 44 Transportation services 47 48Communications 49 Electric, Gas, and sanitary Services 60Depository Institutions

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23 Insurance Carriers 631—Life Insurance Insurance Agents, Brokers, and Svc. 632—Accident & Health Insurance & Medical Service Plans 633—Fire, Marine, & Casualty Insurance 635—Surety Insurance 636—Title Insurance 637—Pension, Health, & Welfare Funds 639—Insurance Carriers, nec 64 Insurance Agents, Brokers, & Service 641—Insurance Agents, Brokers, & Service Nondepository; Holding & Investment Offices 611—Federal & Federally-Sponsored Credit Agencies Security & Commodity Brokers & Exchanges 614—Personal Credit Institutions 615—Business Credit Institutions 616—Mortgage Bankers & Brokers 621—Security Brokers, Dealers, & Flotation Companies 622—Commodity Contracts Brokers & Dealers 623—Security & Commodity Exchanges 628—Services Allied With The Exchange Of Securities Or Commodities 671—Holding Offices 672—Investment Offices 673—Trusts 679—Misc. Investing Real Estate 651—Real Estate Operators (Except Developers) & Lessors 653—Real Estate Agents & Managers 654—Title Abstract Offices 655—Land Subdividers & Developers 35Eating & Drinking58 Eating & Drinking Places 581—Eating & Drinking Places 521—Lumber & Other Building Materials Dealers 523—Paint, Glass, & Wallpaper Stores 525—Hardware Stores 526—Retail Nurseries, Lawn & Garden Supply Stores 65Real Estate 52 Building Materials, Hardware, Garden Supply, and Mobile Home Dealers Security & Commodity Brokers, Dealers, Exchanges, & Services 62 67 Holding & other Investment Offices 63Insurance Carriers Non-depository credit institutions 61 Insurance Credit & Finance Real Estate 32 33 34

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24 527—Mobile Home Dealers 531—Department Stores 533—Variety Stores 539—Misc. General Merchandise Stores 551—Motor Vehicle Dealers (New & Used) 552—Motor Vehicle Dealers (Used Only) 553—Auto & Home Supply Stores 554—Gasoline Service Stations 555—Boat Dealers 556—Recreational Vehicle Dealers 557—Motorcycle Dealers 559—Automotive Dealers, nec 561—Men's & Boys' Clothing & Accessory Stores 562—Women's Clothing Stores 563—Women's Accessory & Specialty Stores 564—Children's & Infants' Wear Stores 565—Family Clothing Stores 566—Shoe Stores 569—Misc. Apparel & Accessory Stores 571—Home Furniture & Furnishings Stores 572—Household Appliance Stores 573—Radio, Television, Consumer Electronics, & Music Stores 591—Drug Stores & Proprietary Stores 592—Liquor Stores 593—Used Merchandise Stores 594—Misc. Shopping Goods Stores 596—Nonstore Retailers 598—Fuel Dealers 599—Retail Stores, nec Misc. Retail 59 Apparel & Accessory Stores 56 Home Furniture, Furnishings, & Equipment Stores 57 General Merchandise Stores 53 Automotive Dealers & Gasoline Service Stations 55 Rest of Retail Trade 36

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25 501—Motor Vehicles & Motor Vehicles Parts & Supplies 502—Furniture & Homefurnishings 503—Lumber & Other Construction Materials 504—Professional & commercial Equipment & Supplies 505—Metals & Minerals, Except Petroleum 506—Electrical Goods 507—Hardware, & Plumbing & Heating Equipment & Supplies 508—Machinery, Equipment, & Supplies 509—Misc. Durable Goods 511—Paper & Paper Products 512—Drugs, Drug Proprietaries, & Druggists' Sundries 513—Apparel, Piece Goods, & Notions 514—Groceries & Related Prod. 515—Farm-Product Raw Materials 516—Chemicals & Allied Prod. 517—Petroleum & Petroleum Prod. 518—Beer, Wine, & Distilled Alc oholic Beverages 519—Misc. Nondurable Goods 701—Hotels & Motels 702—Rooming & boarding Houses 703—Camps & Recreational Vehicle Parks 704—Organization Hotels & Lodging Houses, On Membership Basis Laundry, Cleaning, & shoe Repair 721—Laundry, Cleaning, & Garment Services Personal Services, NEC 722—Photographic Studios, Portrait Beauty & Barber Shops 723—Beauty Shops Funeral Service & Crematories 724—Barber Shops Electrical Repair Shops 725—Shoe Repair Shops & Shoeshine Parlors Watch, Clock, Jewelry, & Furniture Repair 726—Funeral Service & Crematories Misc. Repair Shops & Related Svc. 729—Misc. Personal Services 762—Electrical Repair Shops 763—Watch, Clock, & Jewelry Repair 764—Reupholstery & Furniture Repair 769—Misc. Repair Shops & Related Services 37 38 39 Personal Services & Repair Hotels Wholesale Trade Wholesale: Durable Goods 50 Wholesale: Nondurable Goods 51 Hotels, Rooming Houses, Camps, & Other Lodging Places 70 Personal Services 72 Miscellaneous Repair Services 76

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26 40Private Household88Private Households 881—Private Households Auto Rentals, Without Drivers 751—Automotive Rental & Leasing, Without Drivers Auto Parking, Repair, & Svcs. 752—Automobile Parking 753—Automotive Repair Shops 754—Automotive Services, Except Repair Advertising 731—Advertising Services to Dwellings & other Bldg. 732—Consumer Credit Reporting Agencies, Mercantile Reporting Agencies, & Adjustment & Collection Agencies Equip Rental & Leasing 733—Mailing, Reproduction, Commercial Art & Photography, & Stenographic Services Personnel Supply Svcs. 734—Services To Dwellings & Other Buildings Computer & Data Processing Svcs. 735—Misc. Equipment Rental & Leasing Detective & Protective Svcs. 736—Personnel Supply Services Photocopying Commercial Art, Photofinishing 737—Computer Programming, Data Processing, & Other Computer Related Services Business Services, NEC 738—Misc. Business Services Producers & Entertainers 791—Dance Studios, Schools, & Halls Bowling Alleys & Billiard Estab. 792—Theatrical Producers (Except Motion Picture), Bands, Orchestras, & Entertainers Commercial Sports 793—Bowling Centers Amusement & Recreation Services, NEC 794—Commercial Sports 799—Misc. Amusement & Recreation Services Motion Pictures 781—Motion Picture Production & Allied Services Video Tape Rentals 782—Motion Picture Distribution & Allied Services 783—Motion Picture Theaters 784—Video Tape Rental Office of Health Practitioners 801—Offices & Clinics Of Doctors Of Medicine Nursing & Private Care Facilities 802—Offices & clinics Of Dentists Hospitals, Private 803—Offices & Clinics Of Doctors Of Osteopathy Outpatient Facilities & Health Svcs. NEC 804—Offices & Clinics Of Other Health Practitioners 805—Nursing & Personal Care Facilities 806—Hospitals 807—Medical & Dental Laboratories 808—Home Health Care Services 809—Misc. Health & Allied Services, nec Health Services 80 Amusement & Recreation Services 79 Motion Pictures 78 Automotive Repair, Services, and parking 75 Business Services 73 Misc. Business Services Auto Repair & Service 41 42 Amusement & Recreation Motion Pictures Medical 45 43 44

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27 Legal Services 81Legal Services 811—Legal Services Engineering & Architectural Svc. Research & Testing Svc. 871—Engineering, Architectural, & Surveying Services Management & Public Relations 872—Accounting, Auditing, & Bookkeeping Services Accounting, Auditing, & Svc. NEC 873—Research, Development, & Testing Services 874—Management & Public Relations Services 89 Services, Not Elsewhere Classified 899—Services, nec 99 Nonclassifiable Establishments 999—Nonclassifiable Establishments Elementary & Secondary Schools 821—Elementary & Secondary Schools Colleges & Universities 822—Colleges, Universities, Professional Sc hools, & Junior Libraries, Vocational, & Other Schools 823—Libraries 824—Vocational Schools 829—Schools & Educational Services, nec Individual & Misc. Social Svcs. 832—Individual & Family Social Services Job Training & Related Services 833—Job Training & Vocational Rehabilitation Services Child Day Care Services 835—Child Day Care Services Residential Care 836—Residential Care Museums & Noncommerical Organizations 839—Social Services, nec Business & Professional Associations Labor, Civic, and Social Organizations 841—Museums & Art Galleries Religious Organizations 842—Arboreta & Botanical Or Zoological Gardens 861—Business Associations 862—Professional Membership Organizations 863—Labor Unions & Similar Labor Organizations 864—Civic, Social, & Fraternal Associations 865—Political Organizations 866—Religious Organizations 869—Membership Organizations, nec Museums, Art Galleries, & Botanical and Zoological Gardens 84 Membership Organizations 86 Educational Services 82 Social Services 83 Engineering, Accounting, Research, Management, and Related Services 87 Non-Profit Organizations Education Misc. Professional Services 46 47 48

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28 011—Cash Grains 013—Field Crops, Except Cash Grains 016—Vegetables & Melons 017—Fruits & Tree Nuts 018—Horticultural Specialties 019—General Farms, Primarily Crop 021—Livestock, Except Dairy & Poultry 024—Dairy Farms 025—Poultry & Eggs 027—Animal Specialties 029—General Farms, Primarily Livestock & Animal Specialties 071—Soil Preparation Services 072—Crop Services 074—Veterinary Services 075—Animal Services, Except Veterinary 076—Farm Labor & Management Services 078—Landscape & Horticultural Services 081—Timber Tracts 083—Forest Nurseries & Gatherinig Of Forest Prod. 085—Forestry Services 091—Commercial Fishing 092—Fish Hatcheries & Preserves 097—Hunting & Trapping, & Game Propagation Local Government Passenger Transit 911—Executive Offices State & Local Electric Utilities 912—Legislative Bodies State & Local Government Enterprises, NEC 913—Executive & Legislative Offices Combined 919—General Government, nec 921—Courts 922—Public Order & Safety Justice, Public Order, & Safety 92 Fishing, Hunting, and Trapping 09 Executive, Legislative, & General Government, except Finance 91 Agricultural Svcs. 07 Forestry 08 Argiculture Production: Crops 01 Agriculture Production: Livestock/Animal Specialties 02 49 50State and Local Agriculture

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29 U.S. Postal Service 43U.S. Postal Service 431—U.S. Postal Svc. Federal Electric Utilities Federal Government Enterprises, NEC 93 Public Finance, Taxation, & Monetary Policy 931—Public Finance, Taxation, & Monetary Policy 941—Administration Of Educational Programs 943—Administration Of Public Health Programs 944—Administration Of Social, Human Resource & Income Maintenance Programs 945—Administrationj Of Veterans' Affairs, Except Health & Insurance 951—Administration Of Environmental Quality Programs 953—Administration Of Housing & Urban Development Programs 961—Administration Of General Economic Programs 962—Regulation & Administration Of Transportation 963—Regulation & Administration Of Communications, Electric, Gas, & Other Utilities 964—Regulation Of Agricultural Marketing & Commodities 965—Regulation, Licensing, & Inspection Of Misc. Commercial Sections 966—Space Research & Technology 97 National Security and international affairs 971—National Security Administration of Environmental Quality & Housing Programs 95 Administration of Economic Programs 96 Administration of Human Resource Programs 94 51Federal Civilian

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30APPENDIX B. OUTAGE REPORTS TEST OUTAGE OA1...........................................................................................29 TEST OUTAGE OA2...........................................................................................40 TEST OUTAGE OA3...........................................................................................49 TEST OUTAGE OA4...........................................................................................58 TEST OUTAGE OA5...........................................................................................67 TEST OUTAGE OA6...........................................................................................77 TEST OUTAGE OA7...........................................................................................86 TEST OUTAGE SANEW.....................................................................................95 TEST OUTAGE OA – BROOKRIDGE SUBSTATION................................111

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31Results of Test Outage OA1 This document reports the results of the economic impact of a business interruption due to a simulated electrical outage. We describe the outage area as follows. Outage Area Description Outage Area Name : oa1.shp Outage Duration: 24 hours Physical Characteristics Area (acres): 191,366.7 Area (Km): 774.436 The outage area contains 37 non-contiguous areas and encompasses all or part of the following: Counties: Hillsborough, Manatee, Pasco, and Pinellas Major Cities: Clearwater, Oldsmar, Palmetto, Tampa, Wesley Chapel, and Zephyrhills Zip Codes: 33510 33511 33525 33540 33541 33543 33544 33547 33549 33556 33569 33570 33572 33573 33576 33592 33594 33598 33602 33603 33606 33607 33609 33610 33612 33613 33614 33615 33617 33619 33624 33625 33626 33629 33634 33635 33647 33702 33716 33755 33756 33760 33762 33764 33765 33767 33781 33782 34202 34205 34208 34209 34219 34221 34222 34639 34653 34655 34677 34683 34684 34685 34689 34690 34691 Economic Impact: The outage area contains 6,986 establishments where 165,471 workers are employed. We estimate the lost production in Tampa Bay due to a 24 hour outage to be $ 23.892 million, based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled by man-hours of output. Table 1 describes the loss by divisions of the economy.

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32Value-added Division of Econom y p er day (Mil. $01) Durables Manuf-2.177 Non-Durbls Manuf-2.601 Mining-0.010 Construction-0.622 Trans.&Public Util.-1.723 Fin&Ins&Real Est-4.405 Retail Trade-2.869 Wholesale Trade-2.555 Services-6.273 Agri&For&Fish Ser v -0.178 Total Private Non-farm-23.413 Government-0.480 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-23.892 Table 1 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA1 Here is a map giving the general location of the outage area within Tampa Bay.

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33 Table 2 provides a breakout of establishments and employees by major industry group. The abbreviation “nd” means not disclosable due to the State’s confidentiality restriction. However, we note that there are 5 establishments with 72 employees that cannot be disclosed. The outage directly impacts these 6,986 establishments and their employees.

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34 Table 2 Major Industry Group# Firms# Employees Lumber14155 Furniture6308 Stone, Clay, Etc.18546 Primary Metals463 Fabricated Metals311719 Machines & Computers411137 Electrical Equipment251452 Motor Vehicles983 Rest Transportation Equipment18583 Instruments142107 Misc. Manufacturing7247 Food1945657 Tobbaco manufacturing00 Textilesndnd Apparel17153 Paper7684 Printing581062 Chemicals111030 Petroleum Products00 Rubber13175 Leatherndnd Miningndnd Construction6048455 Railroad00 Trucking1033567 Local & Interurban Transportation14363 Air Transportation14471 Other Transportation49363 Communication532558 Public Utilities17760 Banking1236715 Insurance1534309 Credit & Finance12711080 Real State2822488 Eating & Drinking3917695 Rest of Retail Trade86415563 Wholesale Trade62811864 Hotels462802 Personal Services & Repair2421513 Private Household65104 Auto Repair & Service1441081 Misc. Business services59211153 Amusement & Recreation1071929 Motion Pictures231332 Medical62231233 Misc. Professional Services7235026 Education572517 Non-Profit Organizations1762494 Agriculture2136079 State and Local564378 Federal Civilian6346 Subtotal: 6981165399 Total for Non-disclosable Groups (3):572 Total: 6986165471

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35 As mentioned above, our estimate of lost production in Tampa Bay due to the outage is based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled for one man-hour’s output. Table 3 offers more detail by showing the loss by major industry group.

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36Value-added Major Industry Groupper day (Mil. $01) Lumber-0.037 Furniture-0.040 Stone,Clay,Etc.-0.077 Primary Metals-0.012 Fabricated Metals-0.275 Machin & Comput-0.454 Electric Equip-0.428 Motor Vehicles-0.006 Rest Trans Equip-0.204 Instruments-0.609 Misc. Manufact-0.034 Subtotal-2.178 Food-1.558 Tobacco Manuf0.000 Textiles-0.012 Apparel-0.015 Paper-0.060 Printing-0.388 Chemicals-0.523 Petro Products-0.001 Rubber-0.044 Leather0.000 Subtotal-2.601 Mining-0.010 Construction-0.622 Railroad-0.010 Trucking-0.523 Local&Interurban-0.038 Air Transportation-0.057 Other Transport-0.045 Communication-0.667 Public Utilities-0.385 Subtotal-1.724 Table 3 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: oa1

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37Banking-0.462 Insurance-0.562 Credit & Finance-1.808 Real Estate-1.574 Subtotal-4.406 Eating & Drinking-0.307 Rest of Retail-2.562 Subtotal-2.869 Wholesale Trade-2.555 Hotels-0.223 Pers Serv & Rep-0.224 Private Household-0.035 Auto Rep&Serv-0.284 Misc. Bus Serv-1.836 Amusem & Recr-0.212 Motion Pictures-0.080 Medical-1.869 Misc. Prof Serv-0.964 Education-0.143 Non-Profit Org-0.403 Subtotal-6.273 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.178 Total Private Non-farm-23.414 Government-0.480 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-23.894

PAGE 41

38 Specified features of interest within the outage area: Schools (employees/enrollment): Name City Employment Enrollment Mann Middle Brandon 119 1101 Yates Elementary Brandon 84 828 Cypress Creek Elementary NE Ruskin 122 928 King High School Tampa 218 2215 Sickles High School Tampa 173 2166 Tampa Bay Technical High School Tampa 129 1743 Memorial Middle Tampa 125 1091 Williams Middle Tampa 98 748 Wilson Middle Tampa 63 628 Citrus Park Elementary Tampa 83 897 Graham Elementary Tampa 47 351 Wimauma Elementary Wimauma 86 616 Manatee Elementary Bradenton 69 478 Blackburn Elementary Palmetto 88 795 Palm View Elementary Palmetto 81 584 Palmetto Elementary Palmetto 95 862 Tillman Elementary Palmetto Lincoln Middle Palmetto 90 949 Palmetto High Palmetto 120 1392 Manatee School for Arts Palmetto Pine View Middle School Land O' Lakes 122 1430 Denham Oaks Elementary School Lutz 101 1017 Quail Hollow Elementary School Wesley Chapel 62 713 Wesley Chapel Elementary School Wesley Chapel Thomas E. Weightman Middle SchoolWesley Chapel 116 1229 Wesley Chapel High School Wesley Chapel 110 1379 West Zephyrhills Elementary School Zephyrhills 92 921 Woodland Elementary School Zephyrhills 109 997 Raymond B. Stewart Middle School Zephyrhills 102 940 Zephyrhills High School Zephyrhills 123 1310 Curtis Fundamental Clearwater 29 435 Kings Highway Elementary Clearwater 55 549 North Ward Elementary Clearwater 31 287 Sandy Lane Elementary Clearwater 79 837 Skycrest Elementary Clearwater 82 872 South Ward Elementary Clearwater 28 337 Clearwater Intermediate Clearwater 270 Kennedy Middle Clearwater 98 1171 Clearwater High School Clearwater 136 2177 Calvin Hunsinger School Clearwater 171 Forest Lake Elementary Oldsmar 72 861

PAGE 42

39 Oldsmar Elementary Oldsmar 67 715 Cypress Woods Elementary Palm Harbor 74 762 Highland Lakes Elementary Palm Harbor 64 669 Lake St. George Elementary Palm Harbor 60 693 Carwise Middle Palm Harbor 110 Pinellas Central Elementary Pinellas Park 99 823 Richard L. Sanders School Pinellas Park 196 Sunset Hills Elementary Tarpon Spring 48 622 Tarpon Springs Elementary Tarpon Spring 62 666 Tarpon Springs Fundamentals Tarpon Spring 22 290 East Lake High School Tarpon Spring 145 2157 Tarpon Springs High School Tarpon Spring 130 1736 Colleges and Universities (employment/enrollment): International Academy of Design and Technology (168/1359) and Saint Leo University (275/1849) Hospitals (employment): Brandon Regional Hospital (1060), Helen Ellis Memorial Hospital (725), James A. Haley Veterans Hospital (2200), Manatee Memorial Hospital (1450), Memorial Hospital of Tampa (550), Morton Plant Hospital (2448), South Bay Hospital (329), and University Community Hospital (2592) Misc. Installations: none

PAGE 43

40Results of Test Outage OA2 This document reports the results of the economic impact of a business interruption due to a simulated electrical outage. We describe the outage area as follows. Outage Area Description Outage Area Name : oa2.shp Outage Duration: 24 hours Physical Characteristics Area (acres): 114,579.9 Area (Km): 463.691 The outage area contains 36 non-contiguous areas and encompasses all or part of the following: Counties: Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas Major Cities: Clearwater, Plant City, Saint Petersburg, and Tampa Zip Codes: 33511 33525 33527 33534 33540 33541 33565 33567 33569 33570 33572 33573 33584 33592 33594 33602 33603 33604 33605 33606 33607 33609 33610 33612 33613 33614 33617 33618 33619 33626 33629 33635 33707 33710 33711 33713 33760 33761 33762 33764 33771 33773 33782 34677 34683 34684 34685 34689 34695 Economic Impact: The outage area contains 5,297 establishments where 117,276 workers are employed. We estimate the lost production in Tampa Bay due to a 24 hour outage to be $ 30.890 million, based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled by man-hours of output. Table 1 describes the loss by divisions of the economy.

PAGE 44

41Value-added Division of Economyper day (Mil. $01) Durables Manuf-3.211 Non-Durbls Manuf-3.067 Mining-0.023 Construction-0.832 Trans.&Public Util.-3.077 Fin&Ins&Real Est-3.696 Retail Trade-3.844 Wholesale Trade-4.027 Services-8.538 A gri&For&Fish Serv-0.224 Total Private Non-farm-30.538 Government-0.352 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-30.890 Table 1 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA2 Here is a map giving the general location of the outage area within Tampa Bay.

PAGE 45

42 Table 2 provides a breakout of establishments and employees by major industry group. The abbreviation “nd” means not disclosable due to the State’s confidentiality restriction. However, we note that there are 8 establishments with 191 employees that cannot be disclosed. The outage directly impacts these 5,297 establishments and their employees.

PAGE 46

43 Table 2 Major Industry Group# Firms# Employees Lumber191395 Furniture9305 Stone, Clay, Etc.12489 Primary Metals7436 Fabricated Metals34684 Machines & Computers611384 Electrical Equipment201363 Motor Vehiclesndnd Rest Transportation Equipment15618 Instruments143147 Misc. Manufacturing17655 Food1262984 Tobbaco manufacturing00 Textilesndnd Apparel9490 Paper5307 Printing541357 Chemicals121378 Petroleum Productsndnd Rubber23845 Leatherndnd Miningndnd Construction5606675 Railroad00 Trucking71449 Local & Interurban Transportation5168 Air Transportation14240 Other Transportation42561 Communication343247 Public Utilities7484 Banking511613 Insurance95719 Credit & Finance93888 Real State2171338 Eating & Drinking2636100 Rest of Retail Trade55812980 Wholesale Trade4689859 Hotels341258 Personal Services & Repair2201575 Private Household5868 Auto Repair & Service140888 Misc. Business services44911210 Amusement & Recreation794000 Motion Pictures13110 Medical52614316 Misc. Professional Services4628600 Education421483 Non-Profit Organizations1633928 Agriculture1573579 State and Local312912 Federal Civilianndnd Subtotal: 5289117085 Total for Non-disclosable Groups (6):8191 Total: 5297117276

PAGE 47

44 As mentioned above, our estimate of lost production in Tampa Bay due to the outage is based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled for one man-hour’s output. Table 3 offers more detail by showing the loss by major industry group.

PAGE 48

45 Value-added Major Industry Groupper day (Mil. $01) Lumber-0.244 Furniture-0.043 Stone,Clay,Etc.-0.159 Primary Metals-0.098 Fabricated Metals-0.184 Machin & Comput-0.607 Electric Equip-0.579 Motor Vehicles-0.002 Rest Trans Equip-0.211 Instruments-0.993 Misc. Manufact-0.093 Subtotal-3.212 Food-1.151 Tobacco Manuf0.000 Textiles-0.001 Apparel-0.069 Paper-0.137 Printing-0.550 Chemicals-0.911 Petro Products-0.052 Rubber-0.194 Leather-0.002 Subtotal-3.067 Mining-0.023 Construction-0.832 Railroad-0.022 Trucking-0.206 Local&Interurban-0.031 Air Transportation-0.098 Other Transport-0.099 Communication-1.864 Public Utilities-0.757 Subtotal-3.077 Table 3 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA2

PAGE 49

46Banking-0.724 Insurance-0.265 Credit & Finance-0.598 Real Estate-2.110 Subtotal-3.697 Eating & Drinking-0.426 Rest of Retail-3.418 Subtotal-3.845 Wholesale Trade-4.027 Hotels-0.137 Pers Serv & Rep-0.299 Private Household-0.041 Auto Rep&Serv-0.342 Misc. Bus Serv-2.477 Amusem & Recr-0.458 Motion Pictures-0.023 Medical-2.031 Misc. Prof Serv-2.009 Education-0.170 Non-Profit Org-0.550 Subtotal-8.537 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.224 Total Private Non-farm-30.541 Government-0.352 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-30.893

PAGE 50

47 Specified features of interest within the outage area: Schools (employees/enrollment): Name City Employment Enrollment Apollo Beach Elementary Apollo Beach 77 732 Kingswood Elementary Brandon 64 748 Dover Elementary Dover 142 856 East Bay High School Gibsonton 200 2114 Eisenhower Middle Gibsonton 175 1597 Cork Elementary Plant City 81 801 Walden Lake Elementary Plant City 78 987 Riverview Elementary Riverview 68 753 Symmes Elementary Riverview 69 1117 Armwood High School Seffner 168 1740 Chamberlain High School Tampa 206 2252 Van Buren Middle Tampa 97 878 Cahoon Elementary Tampa 70 665 Carrollwood Elementary Tampa 77 768 Grady Elementary Tampa 76 475 Lake Magdalene Elementary Tampa 86 956 Mendenhall Elementary Tampa 87 725 Mitchell Elementary Tampa 56 510 Shaw Elementary Tampa 99 840 Sulphur Springs Elementary Tampa 109 954 Twin Lakes Elementary Tampa 94 955 West Tampa Elementary Tampa 93 708 Frontier Elementary Clearwater 80 802 High Point Elementary Clearwater 52 641 Pinellas Technical Education Center Clearwater Boca Ciega High School Gulfport 151 2065 Hamilton Disston School Gulfport 166 Curlew Creek Elementary Palm Harbor 69 747 Palm Harbor University High Palm Harbor 161 2321 Fairmount Park Elementary St. Petersburg 65 416 Mount Vernon Elementary St. Petersburg 62 474 Colleges and Universities (employment/enrollment): Stetson University College of Law (149/656) and Tampa Technical Institute (224/1450)

PAGE 51

48 Hospitals (employment): East Pasco Medical Center (485), Kindred Hospital – Central Tampa (255), and St. Joseph’s Hospital (3102) Misc. Installations: none

PAGE 52

49Results of Test Outage OA3 This document reports the results of the economic impact of a business interruption due to a simulated electrical outage. We describe the outage area as follows. Outage Area Description Outage Area Name: oa3.shp Outage Duration: 24 hours Physical Characteristics Area (acres): 85,583.24 Area (Km): 346.346 The outage area contains 29 non-contiguous areas and encompasses all or part of the following: Counties: Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas Major Cities: Clearwater, Largo, Saint Petersburg, Tampa, and Temple Terrace Zip Codes: 33510 33549 33556 33584 33592 33602 33605 33606 33607 33609 33610 33611 33612 33613 33617 33618 33619 33624 33629 33637 33647 33702 33703 33704 33714 33716 33756 33759 33762 33764 33765 33770 33771 33773 33777 33781 33782 34639 Economic Impact: The outage area contains 5,827 establishments where 188,942 workers are employed. We estimate the lost production in Tampa Bay due to a 24 hour outage to be $ 55.261 million, based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled by man-hours of output. Table 1 describes the loss by divisions of the economy.

PAGE 53

50Value-added Division of Econom y p er day (Mil. $01) Durables Manuf-4.159 Non-Durbls Manuf-4.732 Mining-0.064 Construction-0.945 Trans.&Public Util.-11.595 Fin&Ins&Real Est-8.677 Retail Trade-7.035 Wholesale Trade-4.052 Services-13.290 Agri&For&Fish Ser v -0.190 Total Private Non-farm-54.739 Government-0.522 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-55.261 Table 1 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA3 Here is a map giving the general location of the outage area within Tampa Bay.

PAGE 54

51 Table 2 provides a breakout of establishments and employees by major industry group. The abbreviation “nd” means not disclosable due to the State’s confidentiality restriction. However, we note that there are 11 establishments with 1,406 employees that cannot be disclosed. The outage directly impacts these 5,827 establishments and their employees.

PAGE 55

52 Table 2 Major Industry Group# Firms# Employees Lumber579 Furniture593 Stone, Clay, Etc.7791 Primary Metals4197 Fabricated Metals201021 Machines & Computers34653 Electrical Equipment254052 Motor Vehiclesndnd Rest Transportation Equipment5762 Instruments143846 Misc. Manufacturing5243 Food1024555 Tobbaco manufacturingndnd Textilesndnd Apparel666 Paperndnd Printing502640 Chemicals419 Petroleum Productsndnd Rubber5220 Leather00 Miningndnd Construction4416961 Railroad00 Trucking49602 Local & Interurban Transportation9217 Air Transportation10658 Other Transportation39931 Communication7014354 Public Utilities74610 Banking881420 Insurance2579372 Credit & Finance1857470 Real State2582604 Eating & Drinking27512448 Rest of Retail Trade48525583 Wholesale Trade4557797 Hotels352679 Personal Services & Repair1751371 Private Household8299 Auto Repair & Service1101093 Misc. Business services66317545 Amusement & Recreation741861 Motion Pictures25418 Medical46418007 Misc. Professional Services85711545 Education584079 Non-Profit Organizations1899235 Agriculture1181041 State and Local393986 Federal Civilian8313 Subtotal: 5816187536 Total for Non-disclosable Groups (6):111406 Total: 5827188942

PAGE 56

53 As mentioned above, our estimate of lost production in Tampa Bay due to the outage is based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled for one man-hour’s output. Table 3 offers more detail by showing the loss by major industry group.

PAGE 57

54Value-added Major Industry Groupper day (Mil. $01) Lumber-0.048 Furniture-0.018 Stone,Clay,Etc.-0.234 Primary Metals-0.049 Fabricated Metals-0.277 Machin & Comput-0.313 Electric Equip-1.663 Motor Vehicles-0.004 Rest Trans Equip-0.272 Instruments-1.238 Misc. Manufact-0.042 Subtotal-4.158 Food-1.809 Tobacco Manuf-1.635 Textiles-0.001 Apparel-0.024 Paper-0.058 Printing-1.009 Chemicals-0.119 Petro Products-0.002 Rubber-0.075 Leather-0.001 Subtotal-4.732 Mining-0.064 Construction-0.945 Railroad-0.044 Trucking-0.268 Local&Interurban-0.044 Air Transportation-0.228 Other Transport-0.167 Communication-6.865 Public Utilities-3.976 Subtotal-11.593 Table 3 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA3

PAGE 58

55Banking-1.058 Insurance-1.390 Credit & Finance-2.186 Real Estate-4.042 Subtotal-8.677 Eating & Drinking-0.804 Rest of Retail-6.232 Subtotal-7.036 Wholesale Trade-4.052 Hotels-0.282 Pers Serv & Rep-0.431 Private Household-0.068 Auto Rep&Serv-0.530 Misc. Bus Serv-4.209 Amusem & Recr-0.367 Motion Pictures-0.057 Medical-2.637 Misc. Prof Serv-3.239 Education-0.376 Non-Profit Org-1.094 Subtotal-13.290 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.190 Total Private Non-farm-54.737 Government-0.522 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-55.259

PAGE 59

56 Specified features of interest within the outage area: Schools (employees/enrollment): Name City Employment Enrollment McKitrick Elementary Lutz 68 782 Schwarzkopf Elementary Lutz 61 777 Burnett Middle Seffner 125 1354 Mango Elementary Seffner 76 847 Blake High School Tampa 200 1715 Gaither High School Tampa 205 2819 Jefferson High School Tampa 123 1614 Plant City High School Tampa 160 2398 Coleman Middle Tampa 91 921 Roland Park Elementary, Middle School Tampa 103 918 Washington, BT Middle Tampa 66 633 Claywell Elementary Tampa 98 1056 Gorrie Elementary Tampa 51 523 Lee Elementary Tampa 58 475 Mabry Elementary Tampa 61 723 Pizzo Elementary Tampa 102 841 Roland Park Elementary, Middle Tampa 103 Tampa Downtown Partnership Elementary Tampa 15 176 Brewster Technical/Adult TCA Tampa 70 Greco Middle Temple Terrace 120 1360 Lewis Elementary Temple Terrace 70 834 Lake Myrtle Elementary School Land O' Lakes 105 1045 Sanders Memorial Elementary School Land O' Lakes 77 749 Land O'Lakes High School Land O' Lakes 163 1816 Belleair Elementary Clearwater 51 420 Plumb Elementary Clearwater 82 807 Ponce de Leon Elementary Clearwater 74 624 Fitzgerald Middle Largo 108 1215 Pinellas Park High School Largo 183 2272 Cross Bayou Elementary Pinellas Park 96 660 Skyview Elementary Pinellas Park 75 708 North Shore Elementary St. Petersburg 56 579 Rio Vista Elementary St. Petersburg 64 591 Sawgrass Lake Elementary St. Petersburg 79 925 Shore Acres Elementary St. Petersburg 73 694 Meadowlawn Middle St. Petersburg 97 1237 Riviera Middle St. Petersburg 92 1248

PAGE 60

57 Northeast High School St. Petersburg 149 2029 Colleges and Universities (employment/enrollment): National-Louis University (28/600), Nova Southeastern University (75/820), University of Phoenix (41/1332), and University of Tampa (335/2921) Hospitals (employment): none Misc. Installations: none

PAGE 61

58Results of Test Outage OA4 This document reports the results of the economic impact of a business interruption due to a simulated electrical outage. We describe the outage area as follows. Outage Area Description Outage Area Name : oa4.shp Outage Duration: 24 hours Physical Characteristics Area (acres): 95,651.27 Area (Km): 387.093 The outage area contains 31 non-contiguous areas and encompasses all or part of the following: Counties: Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas Major Cities: New Port Richey, Largo, Saint Petersburg, Tampa, and Tarpon Spring Zip Codes: 33534 33547 33549 33556 33569 33598 33605 33607 33610 33611 33614 33615 33616 33617 33619 33621 33624 33625 33626 33634 33637 33701 33702 33704 33705 33712 33713 33714 33756 33759 33761 33763 33764 33765 33770 33771 33774 33778 33781 34652 34653 34655 34668 34683 34689 34690 34691 34698 Economic Impact: The outage area contains 5,841 establishments where 108,329 workers are employed. We estimate the lost production in Tampa Bay due to a 24 hour outage to be $ 27.076 million, based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled by man-hours of output. Table 1 describes the loss by divisions of the economy.

PAGE 62

59Value-added Division of Econom y p er day (Mil. $01) Durables Manuf-1.111 Non-Durbls Manuf-3.211 Mining-0.041 Construction-0.804 Trans.&Public Util.-2.080 Fin&Ins&Real Est-4.379 Retail Trade-3.302 Wholesale Trade-3.702 Services-7.215 Agri&For&Fish Ser v -0.135 Total Private Non-farm-25.980 Government-1.096 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-27.076 Table 1 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA4 Here is a map giving the general location of the outage area within Tampa Bay.

PAGE 63

60 Table 2 provides a breakout of establishments and employees by major industry group. The abbreviation “nd” means not disclosable due to the State’s confidentiality restriction. However, we note that there are 4 establishments with 122 employees that cannot be disclosed. The outage directly impacts these 5,841 establishments and their employees.

PAGE 64

61 Table 2 Major Industry Group# Firms# Employees Lumber16352 Furniture1227 Stone, Clay, Etc.11260 Primary Metals493 Fabricated Metals27513 Machines & Computers37569 Electrical Equipment17578 Motor Vehicles00 Rest Transportation Equipment1175 Instruments19555 Misc. Manufacturing14119 Food1353476 Tobbaco manufacturingndnd Textilesndnd Apparel13326 Paper5268 Printing573896 Chemicals24938 Petroleum Products5110 Rubber10224 Leather00 Miningndnd Construction5536435 Railroad00 Trucking871638 Local & Interurban Transportation6158 Air Transportation853 Other Transportation58462 Communication431090 Public Utilities17279 Banking792248 Insurance1285077 Credit & Finance1212504 Real State2661386 Eating & Drinking2825136 Rest of Retail Trade65710562 Wholesale Trade5469227 Hotels431915 Personal Services & Repair2052419 Private Household62117 Auto Repair & Service2132531 Misc. Business services4599373 Amusement & Recreation651403 Motion Pictures19156 Medical49112105 Misc. Professional Services6024558 Education33500 Non-Profit Organizations1913717 Agriculture1321302 State and Local498743 Federal Civilian5734 Subtotal: 5837108207 Total for Non-disclosable Groups (3):4122 Total: 5841108329

PAGE 65

62 As mentioned above, our estimate of lost production in Tampa Bay due to the outage is based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled for one man-hour’s output. Table 3 offers more detail by showing the loss by major industry group.

PAGE 66

63 Value-added Major Industry Groupper day (Mil. $01) Lumber-0.082 Furniture-0.007 Stone,Clay,Etc.-0.100 Primary Metals-0.024 Fabricated Metals-0.149 Machin & Comput-0.260 Electric Equip-0.248 Motor Vehicles-0.001 Rest Trans Equip-0.027 Instruments-0.195 Misc. Manufact-0.020 Subtotal-1.111 Food-1.339 Tobacco Manuf-0.003 Textiles-0.003 Apparel-0.048 Paper-0.128 Printing-0.969 Chemicals-0.620 Petro Products-0.038 Rubber-0.064 Leather0.000 Subtotal-3.212 Mining-0.041 Construction-0.804 Railroad-0.018 Trucking-0.380 Local&Interurban-0.028 Air Transportation-0.065 Other Transport-0.083 Communication-0.945 Public Utilities-0.561 Subtotal-2.080 Table 3 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA4

PAGE 67

64Banking-0.784 Insurance-0.742 Credit & Finance-0.908 Real Estate-1.946 Subtotal-4.380 Eating & Drinking-0.373 Rest of Retail-2.929 Subtotal-3.301 Wholesale Trade-3.702 Hotels-0.188 Pers Serv & Rep-0.329 Private Household-0.039 Auto Rep&Serv-0.581 Misc. Bus Serv-2.138 Amusem & Recr-0.220 Motion Pictures-0.022 Medical-1.694 Misc. Prof Serv-1.394 Education-0.106 Non-Profit Org-0.505 Subtotal-7.216 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.135 Total Private Non-farm-25.983 Government-1.096 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-27.079

PAGE 68

65 Specified features of interest within the outage area: Schools (employees/enrollment): Name City Enrollment Employment Gibsonton Elementary Gibsonton 442 94 Tinker Elementary MacDill AFB 579 56 Walker Middle Odessa 1612 95 Riverview-High School Riverview 2781 216 Rodgers Middle Riverview 1480 126 Ippolito Elementary Riverview 60 Summerfield Elementary Riverview 1077 104 Bing Elementary South Tampa 842 90 Farnell Middle Tampa 74 Pierce Middle Tampa 1105 115 Progress Village Middle Tampa 752 86 Webb Middle Tampa 950 96 Alexander Elementary Tampa 757 87 Ballast Point Elementary Tampa 452 51 Bryant Elementary Tampa 62 DeSoto Elementary Tampa 346 45 Kenly Elementary Tampa 643 68 Northwest Elementary Tampa 826 66 Town & Country Elementary Tampa 541 72 West Shore Elementary Tampa 429 54 Gary Adult High School TCA Tampa 31 Temple Terrace Elementary Temple Terrace 791 79 Gulfside Elementary School Holiday 513 62 Cotee River Elementary School New Port Richey 826 106 Deer Park Elementary School New Port Richey 910 96 James M. Marlowe Elementary School New Port Richey 736 70 Gulf Middle School New Port Richey 1006 93 Gulf High School New Port Richey 1408 141 Harry Schwettman Education Center New Port Richey 185 McMullen Booth Elementary Clearwater 675 81 Largo Central Elementary Largo 374 42 Mildred Helms Elementary Largo 649 59 Largo Middle Largo 1516 Largo High School Largo 1964 147 John M. Sexton Elementary St. Petersburg 906 105 Lealman Ave. Elementary St. Petersburg 649 70 Lynch Elementary St. Petersburg 730 84

PAGE 69

66 Woodlawn Elementary St. Petersburg 713 79 John Hopkins Middle St. Petersburg 1513 133 North Ward Secondary School St. Petersburg 90 Northeast Community St. Petersburg Tomlinson Adult Learning Center St. Petersburg Brooker Creek Elementary Tarpon Spring 870 65 Tarpon Springs Middle Tarpon Spring 1625 106 Colleges and Universities (employment/enrollment): none Hospitals (employment): Community Hospital New Port Richey (1000), Edward White Hospital (350), Largo Medical Center (619), North Bay Hospital (461), and St. Anthony’s Hospital (1000) Misc. Installations: MacDill Air Force Base: Retail business establishments, such as gas stations, located on the base are included in the analysis but we do not account for military activities that may be affected.

PAGE 70

67Results of Test Outage OA5 This document reports the results of the economic impact of a business interruption due to a simulated electrical outage. We describe the outage area as follows. Outage Area Description Outage Area Name : oa5.shp Outage Duration: 24 hours Physical Characteristics Area (acres): 75,250.67 Area (Km): 304.53 The outage area contains 33 non-contiguous areas and encompasses all or part of the following: Counties: Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas Major Cities: Dunedin, New Port Richey, Saint Petersburg, Seminole, and Tampa Zip Codes: 33510 33511 33527 33541 33543 33549 33584 33592 33594 33602 33604 33605 33606 33607 33609 33611 33612 33613 33614 33615 33616 33617 33620 33624 33625 33634 33637 33647 33707 33708 33709 33710 33713 33714 33755 33761 33763 33765 33772 33773 33774 33776 33777 33778 33785 34652 34653 34655 34683 34690 34691 34698 Economic Impact: The outage area contains 5,738 establishments where 169,658 workers are employed. We estimate the lost production in Tampa Bay due to a 24 hour outage to be $ 37.482 million, based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled by man-hours of output. Table 1 describes the loss by divisions of the economy.

PAGE 71

68Value-added Division of Economyper day (Mil. $01) Durables Manuf-1.266 Non-Durbls Manuf-3.652 Mining-0.014 Construction-0.773 Trans.&Public Util.-3.667 Fin&Ins&Real Est-7.048 Retail Trade-6.431 Wholesale Trade-2.506 Services-11.175 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.159 Total Private Non-farm-36.691 Government-0.791 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-37.482 Table 1 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA5 Here is a map giving the general location of the outage area within Tampa Bay.

PAGE 72

69 Table 2 provides a breakout of establishments and employees by major industry group. The abbreviation “nd” means not disclosable due to the State’s confidentiality restriction. However, we note that there are 5 establishments with 140 employees that cannot be disclosed. The outage directly impacts these 5,738 establishments and their employees.

PAGE 73

70 Table 2 Major Industry Group# Firms# Employees Lumber7105 Furniture45 Stone, Clay, Etc.10215 Primary Metalsndnd Fabricated Metals19700 Machines & Computers17377 Electrical Equipment121233 Motor Vehiclesndnd Rest Transportation Equipment7221 Instruments5219 Misc. Manufacturing14184 Food1564927 Tobbaco manufacturing00 Textiles00 Apparel10771 Paper469 Printing505271 Chemicals792 Petroleum Productsndnd Rubber575 Leather00 Mining00 Construction4885534 Railroad00 Trucking58271 Local & Interurban Transportation853 Air Transportation233191 Other Transportation521362 Communication623044 Public Utilities581 Banking883386 Insurance1655389 Credit & Finance1712821 Real State2683045 Eating & Drinking37521942 Rest of Retail Trade71224230 Wholesale Trade3753762 Hotels381687 Personal Services & Repair2261664 Private Household7391 Auto Repair & Service1332091 Misc. Business services5079315 Amusement & Recreation744846 Motion Pictures12346 Medical38911636 Misc. Professional Services70811110 Education5323604 Non-Profit Organizations1773863 Agriculture104533 State and Local545224 Federal Civilian8933 Subtotal: 5733169518 Total for Non-disclosable Groups (3):5140 Total: 5738169658

PAGE 74

71 As mentioned above, our estimate of lost production in Tampa Bay due to the outage is based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled for one man-hour’s output. Table 3 offers more detail by showing the loss by major industry group.

PAGE 75

72

PAGE 76

73Value-added Major Industry Groupper day (Mil. $01) Lumber-0.041 Furniture-0.005 Stone,Clay,Etc.-0.101 Primary Metals-0.015 Fabricated Metals-0.203 Machin & Comput-0.185 Electric Equip-0.516 Motor Vehicles-0.005 Rest Trans Equip-0.077 Instruments-0.086 Misc. Manufact-0.031 Subtotal-1.266 Food-1.943 Tobacco Manuf0.000 Textiles0.000 Apparel-0.107 Paper-0.053 Printing-1.351 Chemicals-0.137 Petro Products-0.021 Rubber-0.038 Leather0.000 Subtotal-3.651 Mining-0.014 Construction-0.773 Railroad-0.019 Trucking-0.182 Local&Interurban-0.022 Air Transportation-0.640 Other Transport-0.231 Communication-2.001 Public Utilities-0.572 Subtotal-3.667Table 3Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA5

PAGE 77

74Banking-1.159 Insurance-0.863 Credit & Finance-1.102 Real Estate-3.926 Subtotal-7.050 Eating & Drinking-1.002 Rest of Retail-5.429 Subtotal-6.431 Wholesale Trade-2.506 Hotels-0.181 Pers Serv & Rep-0.354 Private Household-0.052 Auto Rep&Serv-0.590 Misc. Bus Serv-2.895 Amusem & Recr-0.557 Motion Pictures-0.042 Medical-1.731 Misc. Prof Serv-2.701 Education-1.449 Non-Profit Org-0.623 Subtotal-11.175 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.159 Total Private Non-farm-36.691 Government-0.791 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-37.482

PAGE 78

75 Specified features of interest within the outage area: Schools (employees/enrollment): Name City Enrollment Employment Brandon High School Brandon 1944 201 McLane Middle Brandon 1455 113 Limona Elementary Brandon 999 89 Colson Elementary Seffner 737 76 Lopez Elementary Seffner 706 121 Seffner Elementary Seffner 774 92 Freedom High Tampa 118 Robinson High School Tampa 1289 131 Wharton High School Tampa 2674 193 Benito Middle Tampa 1711 100 Liberty Middle Tampa 82 Monroe Middle Tampa 672 77 Stewart Middle Tampa 618 87 Anderson Elementary Tampa 462 47 Chiaramonte Elementary Tampa 417 56 Chiles Elementary Tampa 870 70 Clark Elementary Tampa 870 74 Dunbar Elementary Tampa 427 43 Essrig Elementary Tampa 1072 97 Hunters Green Elementary Tampa 843 83 Lanier Elementary Tampa 538 65 Morgan Woods Elementary Tampa 657 67 Pride Elementary Tampa 866 75 Tampa Bay Boulevard Elementary Tampa 681 99 Tampa Palms Elementary Tampa 746 78 Witter Elementary Tampa 912 89 Nature's Classroom Middle Thonotosassa 15 Mittye P. Locke Elementary Elfers 861 99 Anclote Elementary School New Port Richey610 69 Sunray Elementary School New Port Richey763 Sand Pine Elementary School Wesley Chapel 1039 79 Chester W. Taylor Elementary Zephyrhills 754 80 Dunedin Elementary Dunedin 636 62 Garrison-Jones Elementary Dunedin 755 68 San Jose Elementary Dunedin 543 68 Dunedin Highland Middle Dunedin 1218 98 Dunedin High School Dunedin 2815 121

PAGE 79

76 Bauder Elementary Seminole 935 85 Seminole Middle Seminole 1282 93 Seminole High School Seminole 2222 138 Seminole Vocational Education Seminole Azalea Elementary St. Petersburg 696 88 Bear Creek Elementary St. Petersburg 620 55 Clearview Ave. Elementary St. Petersburg 672 72 Northwest Elementary St. Petersburg 785 83 Pasadena Fundamental St. Petersburg 472 35 Seventy-Fourth St. Elementary St. Petersburg 557 73 Tyrone Elementary St. Petersburg 617 116 Westgate Elementary St. Petersburg 697 80 Azalea Middle St. Petersburg 925 92 Lealman Intermediate St. Petersburg 338 Tyrone Middle St. Petersburg 1133 105 Dixie Hollins High School St. Petersburg 1811 156 Colleges and Universities (employment/enrollment): Keller Graduate School of Management (5/100) and University of South Florida (22658/34518) Hospitals (employment): H. Lee Moffit Cancer Center (1316), Kindred Hospital – Tampa (n.a.), Mease Dunedin Hospital (724), Shriners Hospital for Children (300), and St. Petersburg General Hospital (724) Misc. Installations: none

PAGE 80

77Results of Test Outage OA6 This document reports the results of the economic impact of a business interruption due to a simulated electrical outage. We describe the outage area as follows. Outage Area Description Outage Area Name : oa6.shp Outage Duration: 24 hours Physical Characteristics Area (acres): 77,324 Area (Km): 312.919 The outage area contains 30 non-contiguous areas and encompasses all or part of the following: Counties: Hillsborough and Pinellas Major Cities: Clearwater, Palm Harbor, Pinellas Park, Saint Petersburg, and Tampa Zip Codes: 33511 33527 33565 33584 33592 33594 33602 33603 33604 33605 33606 33610 33611 33614 33615 33618 33624 33629 33634 33635 33637 33647 33701 33705 33706 33708 33709 33710 33711 33712 33713 33714 33759 33761 33763 33772 33773 33777 33781 34677 34683 34684 34685 34695 34698 Economic Impact: The outage area contains 6,034 establishments where 112,158 workers are employed. We estimate the lost production in Tampa Bay due to a 24 hour outage to be $ 26.430 million, based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled by man-hours of output. Table 1 describes the loss by divisions of the economy.

PAGE 81

78Value-added Division of Economy p er day (Mil. $01) Durables Manuf-1.259 Non-Durbls Manuf-2.900 Mining-0.019 Construction-0.713 Trans.&Public Util.-2.419 Fin&Ins&Real Est-4.077 Retail Trade-3.485 Wholesale Trade-2.194 Services-8.400 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.180 Total Private Non-farm-25.644 Government-0.786 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-26.430 Table 1 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA6 Here is a map giving the general location of the outage area within Tampa Bay.

PAGE 82

79 Table 2 provides a breakout of establishments and employees by major industry group. The abbreviation “nd” means not disclosable due to the State’s confidentiality restriction. However, we note that there are 10 establishments with 963 employees that cannot be disclosed. The outage directly impacts these 6,034 establishments and their employees.

PAGE 83

80 Table 2 Major Industry Group# Firms# Employees Lumber18430 Furniture6452 Stone, Clay, Etc.843 Primary Metalsndnd Fabricated Metals22347 Machines & Computers27163 Electrical Equipment15930 Motor Vehiclesndnd Rest Transportation Equipment11218 Instruments18593 Misc. Manufacturing14279 Food1724820 Tobbaco manufacturingndnd Textiles641 Apparel660 Paper6155 Printing42814 Chemicals11270 Petroleum Productsndnd Rubber10433 Leatherndnd Miningndnd Construction6075521 Railroadndnd Trucking641137 Local & Interurban Transportation13115 Air Transportation7214 Other Transportation58903 Communication44760 Public Utilities71007 Banking801913 Insurance1351227 Credit & Finance1171882 Real State2661592 Eating & Drinking3888288 Rest of Retail Trade73111210 Wholesale Trade4543956 Hotels583519 Personal Services & Repair2661685 Private Household69116 Auto Repair & Service180893 Misc. Business services4915925 Amusement & Recreation881686 Motion Pictures232731 Medical48321989 Misc. Professional Services5643040 Education486748 Non-Profit Organizations1915746 Agriculture1381394 State and Local574729 Federal Civilian51221 Subtotal: 6024111195 Total for Non-disclosable Groups (7):10963 Total: 6034112158

PAGE 84

81 As mentioned above, our estimate of lost production in Tampa Bay due to the outage is based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled for one man-hour’s output. Table 3 offers more detail by showing the loss by major industry group.

PAGE 85

82Value-added Major Industry Groupper day (Mil. $01) Lumber-0.091 Furniture-0.061 Stone,Clay,Etc.-0.050 Primary Metals-0.008 Fabricated Metals-0.144 Machin & Comput-0.086 Electric Equip-0.394 Motor Vehicles-0.081 Rest Trans Equip-0.076 Instruments-0.227 Misc. Manufact-0.041 Subtotal-1.259 Food-1.857 Tobacco Manuf-0.149 Textiles-0.007 Apparel-0.015 Paper-0.082 Printing-0.425 Chemicals-0.227 Petro Products-0.001 Rubber-0.109 Leather-0.028 Subtotal-2.900 Mining-0.019 Construction-0.713 Railroad-0.020 Trucking-0.274 Local&Interurban-0.025 Air Transportation-0.093 Other Transport-0.141 Communication-0.791 Public Utilities-1.075 Subtotal-2.419 Table 3 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA6

PAGE 86

83Banking-0.726 Insurance-0.308 Credit & Finance-0.785 Real Estate-2.260 Subtotal-4.078 Eating & Drinking-0.471 Rest of Retail-3.015 Subtotal-3.486 Wholesale Trade-2.194 Hotels-0.326 Pers Serv & Rep-0.280 Private Household-0.039 Auto Rep&Serv-0.321 Misc. Bus Serv-1.837 Amusem & Recr-0.242 Motion Pictures-0.181 Medical-2.935 Misc. Prof Serv-1.142 Education-0.457 Non-Profit Org-0.640 Subtotal-8.401 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.180 Total Private Non-farm-25.647 Government-0.786 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-26.433

PAGE 87

84 Specified features of interest within the outage area: Schools (employees/enrollment): Name City Enrollment Employment Burns Middle Brandon 1523 123 Brooker Elementary Brandon 936 77 McDonald Elementary Seffner 615 73 Leto High School Tampa 2164 206 Middleton High School Tampa 138 Ferrell Middle Tampa 695 74 Madison Middle Tampa 1455 79 Orange Grove Middle Tampa 613 99 Sligh Middle Tampa 973 114 Young Middle Tampa 731 79 Bay Crest Elementary Tampa 844 75 Bellamy Elementary Tampa 844 90 Cannella Elementary Tampa 920 80 Crestwood Elementary Tampa 1092 117 Dickenson Elementary Tampa 786 78 Edison Elementary Tampa 430 86 Foster Elementary Tampa 440 111 Lockhart Elementary Tampa 549 85 Lomax Elementary Tampa 213 34 Roosevelt Elementary Tampa 513 59 Seminole Elementary Tampa 605 87 Shore Elementary Tampa 501 57 Woodbridge Elementary Tampa 879 109 Erwin Technical Center TCA Tampa 113 Learey Technical Center TCA Tampa 62 Folsom Elementary Thonotosassa 436 105 Thonotasassa Elementary Thonotosassa 452 54 Bloomingdale High School Valrico 2747 214 Leila G. Davis Elementary Clearwater 631 56 Countryside High School Clearwater 2033 155 Paul B. Stephens Exceptional Center Clearwater 222 Starkey Elementary Largo 697 68 Osceola High School Largo 1383 115 Ozona Elementary Palm Harbor 576 71 Palm Harbor Elementary Palm Harbor 474 47 Sutherland Elementary Palm Harbor 730 67 Palm Harbor Middle Palm Harbor 1422 100

PAGE 88

85 Pinellas Park Elementary Pinellas Park 699 81 Rawlings Elementary Pinellas Park 662 88 Pinellas Park Middle Pinellas Park 1477 115 Nina Harris Exceptional Student Pinellas Park 274 Safety Harbor Elementary Safety Harbor607 64 Safety Harbor Middle Safety Harbor1466 117 Safety Harbor Secondary School Safety Harbor90 Bardmoor Elementary Seminole 640 74 Orange Grove Elementary Seminole 370 33 Seminole Elementary Seminole 919 72 Osceola Middle Seminole 1167 107 Blanton Elementary St. Petersburg790 109 Campbell Park Elementary St. Petersburg368 62 Melrose Elementary St. Petersburg552 64 Southside Fundamental St. Petersburg644 50 Gibbs High School St. Petersburg2086 169 St. Petersburg High School St. Petersburg2351 163 Norwood Secondary School St. Petersburg136 Pinellas Technical Education Center St. Petersburg Colleges and Universities (employment/enrollment): Hillsborough Community College (1446/20123) and St. Petersburg College (3800/20403) Hospitals (employment): All Children’s Hospital (2052), Bayfront Medical Center (1958), Bay Pines VA Medical Center (2049), Mease Countryside Hospital (759), Northside Hospital & Heart Institute (650), Tampa General Hospital (2113), and Town & Country Hospital (400) Misc. Installations: none

PAGE 89

86Results of Test Outage OA7 This document reports the results of the economic impact of a business interruption due to a simulated electrical outage. We describe the outage area as follows. Outage Area Description Outage Area Name : oa7.shp Outage Duration: 24 hours Physical Characteristics Area (acres): 113,709.3 Area (Km): 460.167 The outage area contains 30 non-contiguous areas and encompasses all or part of the following: Counties: Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas Major Cities: New Port Richey, Plant City, Saint Petersburg, Tampa, and Temple Terrace Zip Codes: 33510 33511 33527 33547 33549 33556 33567 33569 33594 33604 33605 33610 33612 33613 33615 33617 33618 33619 33624 33625 33626 33635 33637 33647 33705 33711 33712 33770 33771 33772 33773 33774 33776 33778 33785 34639 34652 34653 34654 34655 34668 34689 34690 Economic Impact: The outage area contains 5,509 establishments where 99,517 workers are employed. We estimate the lost production in Tampa Bay due to a 24 hour outage to be $ 29.279 million, based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled by man-hours of output. Table 1 describes the loss by divisions of the economy.

PAGE 90

87Value-added Division of Economy p er day (Mil. $01) Durables Manuf-1.539 Non-Durbls Manuf-3.050 Mining-0.064 Construction-0.794 Trans.&Public Util.-6.141 Fin&Ins&Real Est-3.491 Retail Trade-4.134 Wholesale Trade-3.359 Services-5.674 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.245 Total Private Non-farm-28.491 Government-0.788 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-29.279 Table 1 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA7 Here is a map giving the general location of the outage area within Tampa Bay.

PAGE 91

88 Table 2 provides a breakout of establishments and employees by major industry group. The abbreviation “nd” means not disclosable due to the State’s confidentiality restriction. However, we note that there are 9 establishments with 198 employees that cannot be disclosed. The outage directly impacts these 5,509 establishments and their employees.

PAGE 92

89 Table 2 Major Industry Group# Firms# Employees Lumber9691 Furniture12336 Stone, Clay, Etc.151470 Primary Metalsndnd Fabricated Metals20719 Machines & Computers35455 Electrical Equipment10446 Motor Vehiclesndnd Rest Transportation Equipment6552 Instruments5310 Misc. Manufacturing749 Food1466599 Tobbaco manufacturing00 Textiles00 Apparel733 Paperndnd Printing42328 Chemicals5201 Petroleum Productsndnd Rubber625 Leather00 Miningndnd Construction5956108 Railroad00 Trucking741926 Local & Interurban Transportation7601 Air Transportation7132 Other Transportation49286 Communication451208 Public Utilities165835 Banking79648 Insurance121889 Credit & Finance1101813 Real State2381438 Eating & Drinking2848001 Rest of Retail Trade69216117 Wholesale Trade5787633 Hotels34877 Personal Services & Repair2211500 Private Household5468 Auto Repair & Service156816 Misc. Business services5006862 Amusement & Recreation821457 Motion Pictures172116 Medical3085190 Misc. Professional Services5333594 Education421448 Non-Profit Organizations1251477 Agriculture1531951 State and Local557114 Federal Civilianndnd Subtotal: 550099319 Total for Non-disclosable Groups (6):9198 Total: 550999517

PAGE 93

90 As mentioned above, our estimate of lost production in Tampa Bay due to the outage is based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled for one man-hour’s output. Table 3 offers more detail by showing the loss by major industry group.

PAGE 94

91Value-added Major Industry Groupper day (Mil. $01) Lumber-0.139 Furniture-0.046 Stone,Clay,Etc.-0.375 Primary Metals-0.007 Fabricated Metals-0.238 Machin & Comput-0.215 Electric Equip-0.196 Motor Vehicles-0.002 Rest Trans Equip-0.205 Instruments-0.106 Misc. Manufact-0.011 Subtotal-1.539 Food-2.397 Tobacco Manuf0.000 Textiles0.000 Apparel-0.012 Paper-0.077 Printing-0.344 Chemicals-0.176 Petro Products-0.016 Rubber-0.027 Leather0.000 Subtotal-3.050 Mining-0.064 Construction-0.794 Railroad-0.041 Trucking-0.454 Local&Interurban-0.056 Air Transportation-0.090 Other Transport-0.073 Communication-0.994 Public Utilities-4.430 Subtotal-6.139 Table 3 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: OA7

PAGE 95

92Banking-0.534 Insurance-0.273 Credit & Finance-0.693 Real Estate-1.992 Subtotal-3.492 Eating & Drinking-0.459 Rest of Retail-3.674 Subtotal-4.133 Wholesale Trade-3.359 Hotels-0.100 Pers Serv & Rep-0.266 Private Household-0.035 Auto Rep&Serv-0.323 Misc. Bus Serv-1.954 Amusem & Recr-0.218 Motion Pictures-0.142 Medical-0.838 Misc. Prof Serv-1.299 Education-0.158 Non-Profit Org-0.342 Subtotal-5.676 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.245 Total Private Non-farm-28.491 Government-0.788 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-29.278

PAGE 96

93 Specified features of interest within the outage area: Schools (employees/enrollment): Name City Enrollment Employment Mintz Elementary Brandon 883 83 Pinecrest Elementary Lithia 709 76 Maniscalco Elementary Lutz 778 85 Durant High School Plant City 2415 210 Turkey Creek Middle Plant City 1273 132 Robinson Elementary Plant City 750 102 Boyette Springs Elementary Riverview 972 78 Lutz Elementary SE Lutz 634 90 Alonso High School Tampa 1426 163 Adams Middle Tampa 1270 114 Buchanan Middle Tampa 1223 93 Davidsen Middle Tampa 1459 112 Dowdell Middle Tampa 927 100 Hill Middle Tampa 957 112 Clair Mel Elementary Tampa 841 85 Forest Hills Elementary Tampa 438 96 Miles Elementary Tampa 587 62 Mort Elementary Tampa 971 99 Palm River Elementary Tampa 573 77 Westchase Elementary Tampa 1468 108 Riverhills Elementary Temple Terrace 509 68 Alafia Elementary Valrico 1245 63 Buckhorn Elementary Valrico 944 76 Cimino Elementary Valrico 73 Lithia Springs Elementary Valrico 886 64 Valrico Elementary Valrico 980 111 Calusa Elementary School New Port Richey 781 75 Cypress Elementary School New Port Richey 703 69 Richley Elementary School New Port Richey 648 100 Seven Springs Elementary School New Port Richey 731 118 Trinity Elementary School New Port Richey 672 Seven Springs Middle School New Port Richey 1634 142 F. K. Marchman Technical Center New Port Richey 1875 J.W. Mitchell High School New Port Richey 1656 Ridgewood High School New Port Richey 1746 137 Chasco Elementary School Port Richey 823 Chasco Middle School Port Richey 841

PAGE 97

94 Anona Elementary Largo 429 34 Fuguitt Elementary Largo 735 67 Oakhurst Elementary Largo 737 58 Ridgecrest Elementary Largo 784 62 Southern Oak Elementary Largo 637 70 Walsingham Elementary Largo 737 101 Bay Vista Fundamental St. Petersburg 542 42 Gulfport Elementary St. Petersburg 305 50 Lakeview Fundamental St. Petersburg 292 22 Maximo Elementary St. Petersburg 651 79 Perkins Elementary St. Petersburg 531 76 Bay Point Middle St. Petersburg 1407 110 Lakewood High School St. Petersburg 1682 123 Lakewood Community St. Petersburg Bay Point Elementary St. Petersburg 596 60 Colleges and Universities (employment/enrollment): Eckerd College (465/1462), Pasco-Hernando Community College (319/5987), and Trinity College of Florida (25/141) Hospitals (employment): Sun Coast Hospital (430) Misc. Installations: none

PAGE 98

95Results of Test Outage SANEW This document reports the results of the economic impact of a business interruption due to a simulated electrical outage. We describe the outage area as follows. Outage Area Description Outage Area Name : sanew.shp Outage Duration: 24 hours Physical Characteristics Area (acres): 753,465.1 Area (Km): 3,049.182 The outage area contains 226 non-contiguous areas and encompasses all or part of the following: Counties: Hillsborough, Manatee, Pasco, and Pinellas Major Cities: Clearwater, Dunedin, Largo, New Port Richey, Saint Petersburg, Seminole, Tampa, Tarpon Spring, Temple Terrace, Wesley Chapel, and Zephyrhills Zip Codes: 33510 33511 33525 33527 33534 33540 33541 33543 33544 33547 33549 33556 33565 33567 33569 33570 33572 33573 33576 33584 33592 33594 33598 33602 33603 33604 33605 33606 33607 33609 33610 33611 33612 33613 33614 33615 33616 33617 33618 33619 33620 33621 33624 33625 33626 33629 33634 33635 33637 33647 33701 33702 33703 33704 33705 33706 33707 33708 33709 33710 33711 33712 33713 33714 33716 33755 33756 33759 33760 33761 33762 33763 33764 33765 33767 33770 33771 33772 33773 33774 33776 33777 33778 33781 33782 33785 34202 34205 34208 34209 34219 34221 34222 34639 34652 34653 34654 34655 34668 34677 34683 34684 34685 34689 34690 34691 34695 34698 Economic Impact: The outage area contains 41,232 establishments where 961,351 workers are employed. We estimate the lost production in Tampa Bay due to a 24 hour outage to be $233.967* million, based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled by man-hours of output. Table 1 describes the loss by divisions of the economy. This estimate reflects modifications made to REMITM Pinellas county baseline to avoid potential double-counting that occurs when ripple effects simultaneously reduce employment in sectors that are catastrophically impacted by the outage. This modification prevents reducing employment by more people than are actually employed in the affected sector.

PAGE 99

96Value-added Division of Econom y p er day (Mil. $01) Durables Manuf-14.748 Non-Durbls Manuf-19.852 Mining-0.292 Construction-5.870 Trans.&Public Util.-29.702 Fin&Ins&Real Est-38.911 Retail Trade-31.148 Wholesale Trade-23.545 Services-62.730 Agri&For&Fish Ser v -1.432 Total Private Non-farm-228.229 Government-5.737 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-233.967 Table 1 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: SANEW Here is a map giving the general location of the outage area within Tampa Bay.

PAGE 100

97 Table 2 provides a breakout of establishments and employees by major industry group. The abbreviation “nd” means not disclosable due to the State’s confidentiality restriction. However, we note that there are fewer than 4 establishments with fewer than 10 employees that cannot be disclosed. The outage directly impacts these 41,232 establishments and their employees.

PAGE 101

98 Table 2 Major Industry Group# Firms# Employees Lumber883207 Furniture541526 Stone, Clay, Etc.813814 Primary Metals24859 Fabricated Metals1735703 Machines & Computers2524738 Electrical Equipment12410054 Motor Vehicles19773 Rest Transportation Equipment733029 Instruments8910777 Misc. Manufacturing781776 Food103133018 Tobbaco manufacturing61407 Textiles11133 Apparel681899 Paper311691 Printing35315368 Chemicals743928 Petroleum Products11360 Rubber732000 Leather4223 Mining8127 Construction384845689 Railroadndnd Trucking5069590 Local & Interurban Transportation621675 Air Transportation834959 Other Transportation3474868 Communication35126261 Public Utilities7613056 Banking58817943 Insurance105426982 Credit & Finance92428458 Real State179513891 Eating & Drinking225869610 Rest of Retail Trade4699116245 Wholesale Trade350454098 Hotels28814737 Personal Services & Repair155511727 Private Household463663 Auto Repair & Service10769393 Misc. Business services366171383 Amusement & Recreation56917182 Motion Pictures1327209 Medical3283114476 Misc. Professional Services444947473 Education33340379 Non-Profit Organizations121230460 Agriculture101515879 State and Local33937026 Federal Civilian363628 Subtotal: 41231961350 Total for Non-disclosable Groups (1):ndnd Total: ndnd

PAGE 102

99 As mentioned above, our estimate of lost production in Tampa Bay due to the outage is based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled for one man-hour’s output. Table 3 offers more detail by showing the loss by major industry group.

PAGE 103

100Value-added Major Industry Groupper day (Mil. $01) Lumber-0.619 Furniture-0.219 Stone,Clay,Etc.-1.250 Primary Metals-0.213 Fabricated Metals-1.492 Machin & Comput-2.161 Electric Equip-4.184 Motor Vehicles-0.105 Rest Trans Equip-1.072 Instruments-3.163 Misc. Manufact-0.272 Subtotal-14.750 Food-8.293 Tobacco Manuf-1.789 Textiles-0.019 Apparel-0.258 Paper-0.826 Printing-5.038 Chemicals-2.794 Petro Products-0.145 Rubber-0.605 Leather-0.087 Subtotal-19.852 Mining-0.292 Construction-5.870 Railroad-0.248 Trucking-2.339 Local&Interurban-0.266 Air Transportation-1.318 Other Transport-0.849 Communication-14.714 Public Utilities-9.969 Subtotal-29.702 Table 3 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: SANEW

PAGE 104

101Banking-6.289 Insurance-4.405 Credit & Finance-8.620 Real Estate-19.610 Subtotal-38.924 Eating & Drinking-3.797 Rest of Retail-27.351 Subtotal-31.148 Wholesale Trade-23.545 Hotels-1.463 Pers Serv & Rep-2.102 Private Household-0.279 Auto Rep&Serv-2.938 Misc. Bus Serv-17.748 Amusem & Recr-2.243 Motion Pictures-0.541 Medical-15.684 Misc. Prof Serv-13.211 Education-2.599 Non-Profit Org-3.935 Subtotal-62.743 Agri&For&Fish Serv-1.432 Total Private Non-farm-228.257 Government-5.737 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-233.994

PAGE 105

102 Specified features of interest within the outage area: Schools (employees/enrollment): Name City Enrollment Employment Apollo Beach Elementary Apollo Beach 732 77 Brandon High School Brandon 1944 201 Burns Middle Brandon 1523 123 Mann Middle Brandon 1101 119 McLane Middle Brandon 1455 113 Brooker Elementary Brandon 936 77 Kingswood Elementary Brandon 748 64 Limona Elementary Brandon 999 89 Mintz Elementary Brandon 883 83 Yates Elementary Brandon 828 84 Dover Elementary Dover 856 142 East Bay High School Gibsonton 2114 200 Eisenhower Middle Gibsonton 1597 175 Gibsonton Elementary Gibsonton 442 94 Pinecrest Elementary Lithia 709 76 Maniscalco Elementary Lutz 778 85 McKitrick Elementary Lutz 782 68 Schwarzkopf Elementary Lutz 777 61 Tinker Elementary MacDill AFB 579 56 Cypress Creek Elementary NE Ruskin 928 122 Walker Middle Odessa 1612 95 Durant High School Plant City 2415 210 Turkey Creek Middle Plant City 1273 132 Cork Elementary Plant City 801 81 Robinson Elementary Plant City 750 102 Walden Lake Elementary Plant City 987 78 Riverview-High School Riverview 2781 216 Rodgers Middle Riverview 1480 126 Boyette Springs Elementary Riverview 972 78 Ippolito Elementary Riverview 60 Riverview Elementary Riverview 753 68 Summerfield Elementary Riverview 1077 104 Symmes Elementary Riverview 1117 69 Lutz Elementary SE Lutz 634 90 Armwood High School Seffner 1740 168 Burnett Middle Seffner 1354 125 Colson Elementary Seffner 737 76

PAGE 106

103 Lopez Elementary Seffner 706 121 Mango Elementary Seffner 847 76 McDonald Elementary Seffner 615 73 Seffner Elementary Seffner 774 92 Bing Elementary South Tampa 842 90 Alonso High School Tampa 1426 163 Blake High School Tampa 1715 200 Chamberlain High School Tampa 2252 206 Freedom High Tampa 118 Gaither High School Tampa 2819 205 Jefferson High School Tampa 1614 123 King High School Tampa 2215 218 Leto High School Tampa 2164 206 Middleton High School Tampa 138 Plant City High School Tampa 2398 160 Robinson High School Tampa 1289 131 Sickles High School Tampa 2166 173 Tampa Bay Technical High School Tampa 1743 129 Wharton High School Tampa 2674 193 Adams Middle Tampa 1270 114 Benito Middle Tampa 1711 100 Buchanan Middle Tampa 1223 93 Coleman Middle Tampa 921 91 Davidsen Middle Tampa 1459 112 Dowdell Middle Tampa 927 100 Farnell Middle Tampa 74 Ferrell Middle Tampa 695 74 Hill Middle Tampa 957 112 Liberty Middle Tampa 82 Madison Middle Tampa 1455 79 Memorial Middle Tampa 1091 125 Monroe Middle Tampa 672 77 Orange Grove Middle Tampa 613 99 Pierce Middle Tampa 1105 115 Progress Village Middle Tampa 752 86 Roland Park Elementary, Middle Tampa 918 103 Sligh Middle Tampa 973 114 Stewart Middle Tampa 618 87 Van Buren Middle Tampa 878 97 Washington, BT Middle Tampa 633 66 Webb Middle Tampa 950 96 Williams Middle Tampa 748 98

PAGE 107

104 Wilson Middle Tampa 628 63 Young Middle Tampa 731 79 Alexander Elementary Tampa 757 87 Anderson Elementary Tampa 462 47 Ballast Point Elementary Tampa 452 51 Bay Crest Elementary Tampa 844 75 Bellamy Elementary Tampa 844 90 Bryant Elementary Tampa 62 Cahoon Elementary Tampa 665 70 Cannella Elementary Tampa 920 80 Carrollwood Elementary Tampa 768 77 Chiaramonte Elementary Tampa 417 56 Chiles Elementary Tampa 870 70 Citrus Park Elementary Tampa 897 83 Clair Mel Elementary Tampa 841 85 Clark Elementary Tampa 870 74 Claywell Elementary Tampa 1056 98 Crestwood Elementary Tampa 1092 117 DeSoto Elementary Tampa 346 45 Dickenson Elementary Tampa 786 78 Dunbar Elementary Tampa 427 43 Edison Elementary Tampa 430 86 Essrig Elementary Tampa 1072 97 Forest Hills Elementary Tampa 438 96 Foster Elementary Tampa 440 111 Gorrie Elementary Tampa 523 51 Grady Elementary Tampa 475 76 Graham Elementary Tampa 351 47 Hunters Green Elementary Tampa 843 83 Kenly Elementary Tampa 643 68 Lake Magdalene Elementary Tampa 956 86 Lanier Elementary Tampa 538 65 Lee Elementary Tampa 475 58 Lockhart Elementary Tampa 549 85 Lomax Elementary Tampa 213 34 Mabry Elementary Tampa 723 61 Mendenhall Elementary Tampa 725 87 Miles Elementary Tampa 587 62 Mitchell Elementary Tampa 510 56 Morgan Woods Elementary Tampa 657 67 Mort Elementary Tampa 971 99 Northwest Elementary Tampa 826 66

PAGE 108

105 Palm River Elementary Tampa 573 77 Pizzo Elementary Tampa 841 102 Pride Elementary Tampa 866 75 Roland Park Elementary, Middle Tampa 103 Roosevelt Elementary Tampa 513 59 Seminole Elementary Tampa 605 87 Shaw Elementary Tampa 840 99 Shore Elementary Tampa 501 57 Sulphur Springs Elementary Tampa 954 109 Tampa Bay Boulevard Elementary Tampa 681 99 Tampa Downtown Partnership Elementary Tampa 176 15 Tampa Palms Elementary Tampa 746 78 Town & Country Elementary Tampa 541 72 Twin Lakes Elementary Tampa 955 94 West Shore Elementary Tampa 429 54 West Tampa Elementary Tampa 708 93 Westchase Elementary Tampa 1468 108 Witter Elementary Tampa 912 89 Woodbridge Elementary Tampa 879 109 Brewster Technical/Adult TCA Tampa 70 Erwin Technical Center TCA Tampa 113 Gary Adult High School TCA Tampa 31 Learey Technical Center TCA Tampa 62 Greco Middle Temple Terrace 1360 120 Lewis Elementary Temple Terrace 834 70 Riverhills Elementary Temple Terrace 509 68 Temple Terrace Elementary Temple Terrace 791 79 Nature's Classroom Middle Thonotosassa 15 Folsom Elementary Thonotosassa 436 105 Thonotasassa Elementary Thonotosassa 452 54 Bloomingdale High School Valrico 2747 214 Alafia Elementary Valrico 1245 63 Buckhorn Elementary Valrico 944 76 Cimino Elementary Valrico 73 Lithia Springs Elementary Valrico 886 64 Valrico Elementary Valrico 980 111 Wimauma Elementary Wimauma 616 86 Manatee Elementary Bradenton 478 69 Blackburn Elementary Palmetto 795 88 Palm View Elementary Palmetto 584 81 Palmetto Elementary Palmetto 862 95

PAGE 109

106 Tillman Elementary Palmetto Lincoln Middle Palmetto 949 90 Palmetto High Palmetto 1392 120 Manatee School for Arts Palmetto Mittye P. Locke Elementary School Elfers 861 99 Gulfside Elementary School Holiday 513 62 Lake Myrtle Elementary School Land O' Lakes 1045 105 Sanders Memorial Elementary Land O' Lakes 749 77 Pine View Middle School Land O' Lakes 1430 122 Land O'Lakes High School Land O' Lakes 1816 163 Denham Oaks Elementary School Lutz 1017 101 Anclote Elementary School New Port Richey 610 69 Calusa Elementary School New Port Richey 781 75 Cotee River Elementary School New Port Richey 826 106 Cypress Elementary School New Port Richey 703 69 Deer Park Elementary School New Port Richey 910 96 James M. Marlowe Elementary School New Port Richey 736 70 Richley Elementary School New Port Richey 648 100 Seven Springs Elementary School New Port Richey 731 118 Sunray Elementary School New Port Richey 763 Trinity Elementary School New Port Richey 672 Gulf Middle School New Port Richey 1006 93 Seven Springs Middle School New Port Richey 1634 142 Gulf High School New Port Richey 1408 141 F. K. Marchman Technical Cente New Port Richey 1875 J.W. Mitchell High School New Port Richey 1656 Ridgewood High School New Port Richey 1746 137 Harry Schwettman Education Center New Port Richey 185 Chasco Elementary School Port Richey 823 Chasco Middle School Port Richey 841 Quail Hollow Elementary School Wesley Chapel 713 62 Sand Pine Elementary School Wesley Chapel 1039 79 Wesley Chapel Elementary Schoo Wesley Chapel Thomas E. Weightman Middle School Wesley Chapel 1229 116 Wesley Chapel High School Wesley Chapel 1379 110 Chester W. Taylor Elementary Zephyrhills 754 80 West Zephyrhills Elementary Zephyrhills 921 92 Woodland Elementary School Zephyrhills 997 109 Raymond B. Stewart Middle School Zephyrhills 940 102 Zephyrhills High School Zephyrhills 1310 123 Belleair Elementary Clearwater 420 51 Curtis Fundamental Clearwater 435 29

PAGE 110

107 Frontier Elementary Clearwater 802 80 High Point Elementary Clearwater 641 52 Kings Highway Elementary Clearwater 549 55 Leila G. Davis Elementary Clearwater 631 56 McMullen Booth Elementary Clearwater 675 81 North Ward Elementary Clearwater 287 31 Plumb Elementary Clearwater 807 82 Ponce de Leon Elementary Clearwater 624 74 Sandy Lane Elementary Clearwater 837 79 Skycrest Elementary Clearwater 872 82 South Ward Elementary Clearwater 337 28 Clearwater Intermediate Clearwater 270 Kennedy Middle Clearwater 1171 98 Clearwater High School Clearwater 2177 136 Countryside High School Clearwater 2033 155 Calvin Hunsinger School Clearwater 171 Paul B. Stephens Exceptional Center Clearwater 222 Clearwater Adult Education Center Clearwater Pinellas Technical Education Center Clearwater Dunedin Elementary Dunedin 636 62 Garrison-Jones Elementary Dunedin 755 68 San Jose Elementary Dunedin 543 68 Dunedin Highland Middle Dunedin 1218 98 Dunedin High School Dunedin 2815 121 Boca Ciega High School Gulfport 2065 151 Hamilton Disston School Gulfport 166 Anona Elementary Largo 429 34 Fuguitt Elementary Largo 735 67 Largo Central Elementary Largo 374 42 Mildred Helms Elementary Largo 649 59 Oakhurst Elementary Largo 737 58 Ridgecrest Elementary Largo 784 62 Southern Oak Elementary Largo 637 70 Starkey Elementary Largo 697 68 Walsingham Elementary Largo 737 101 Fitzgerald Middle Largo 1215 108 Largo Middle Largo 1516 Largo High School Largo 1964 147 Osceola High School Largo 1383 115 Pinellas Park High School Largo 2272 183 Forest Lake Elementary Oldsmar 861 72 Oldsmar Elementary Oldsmar 715 67

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108 Curlew Creek Elementary Palm Harbor 747 69 Cypress Woods Elementary Palm Harbor 762 74 Highland Lakes Elementary Palm Harbor 669 64 Lake St. George Elementary Palm Harbor 693 60 Ozona Elementary Palm Harbor 576 71 Palm Harbor Elementary Palm Harbor 474 47 Sutherland Elementary Palm Harbor 730 67 Carwise Middle Palm Harbor 110 Palm Harbor Middle Palm Harbor 1422 100 Palm Harbor University High Palm Harbor 2321 161 Cross Bayou Elementary Pinellas Park 660 96 Pinellas Central Elementary Pinellas Park 823 99 Pinellas Park Elementary Pinellas Park 699 81 Rawlings Elementary Pinellas Park 662 88 Skyview Elementary Pinellas Park 708 75 Pinellas Park Middle Pinellas Park 1477 115 Nina Harris Exceptional Student Pinellas Park 274 Richard L. Sanders School Pinellas Park 196 Safety Harbor Elementary Safety Harbor 607 64 Safety Harbor Middle Safety Harbor 1466 117 Safety Harbor Secondary School Safety Harbor 90 Bardmoor Elementary Seminole 640 74 Bauder Elementary Seminole 935 85 Orange Grove Elementary Seminole 370 33 Seminole Elementary Seminole 919 72 Osceola Middle Seminole 1167 107 Seminole Middle Seminole 1282 93 Seminole High School Seminole 2222 138 Seminole Vocational Education Seminole Azalea Elementary St. Petersburg 696 88 Bay Point Elementary St. Petersburg 596 60 Bay Vista Fundamental St. Petersburg 542 42 Bear Creek Elementary St. Petersburg 620 55 Blanton Elementary St. Petersburg 790 109 Campbell Park Elementary St. Petersburg 368 62 Clearview Ave. Elementary St. Petersburg 672 72 Fairmount Park Elementary St. Petersburg 416 65 Gulfport Elementary St. Petersburg 305 50 John M. Sexton Elementary St. Petersburg 906 105 Lakeview Fundamental St. Petersburg 292 22 Lealman Ave. Elementary St. Petersburg 649 70 Lynch Elementary St. Petersburg 730 84

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109 Maximo Elementary St. Petersburg 651 79 Melrose Elementary St. Petersburg 552 64 Mount Vernon Elementary St. Petersburg 474 62 North Shore Elementary St. Petersburg 579 56 Northwest Elementary St. Petersburg 785 83 Pasadena Fundamental St. Petersburg 472 35 Perkins Elementary St. Petersburg 531 76 Rio Vista Elementary St. Petersburg 591 64 Sawgrass Lake Elementary St. Petersburg 925 79 Seventy-Fourth St. Elementary St. Petersburg 557 73 Shore Acres Elementary St. Petersburg 694 73 Tyrone Elementary St. Petersburg 617 116 Westgate Elementary St. Petersburg 697 80 Woodlawn Elementary St. Petersburg 713 79 Azalea Middle St. Petersburg 925 92 Bay Point Middle St. Petersburg 1407 110 John Hopkins Middle St. Petersburg 1513 133 Lealman Intermediate St. Petersburg 338 Meadowlawn Middle St. Petersburg 1237 97 Riviera Middle St. Petersburg 1248 92 Southside Fundamental St. Petersburg 644 50 Tyrone Middle St. Petersburg 1133 105 Dixie Hollins High School St. Petersburg 1811 156 Gibbs High School St. Petersburg 2086 169 Lakewood High School St. Petersburg 1682 123 Northeast High School St. Petersburg 2029 149 St. Petersburg High School St. Petersburg 2351 163 North Ward Secondary School St. Petersburg 90 Norwood Secondary School St. Petersburg 136 Lakewood Community St. Petersburg Northeast Community St. Petersburg Pinellas Technical Education Center St. Petersburg Tomlinson Adult Learning Center St. Petersburg Brooker Creek Elementary Tarpon Spring 870 65 Sunset Hills Elementary Tarpon Spring 622 48 Tarpon Springs Elementary Tarpon Spring 666 62 Tarpon Springs Fundamentals Tarpon Spring 290 22 Tarpon Springs Middle Tarpon Spring 1625 106 East Lake High School Tarpon Spring 2157 145 Tarpon Springs High School Tarpon Spring 1736 130

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110 Colleges and Universities (employment/enrollment): Eckerd College (465/1462), Hillsborough Community College (1446/20123), International Academy of Design and Technology (168/1359), Keller Graduate School (5/100), NationalLouis University (28/600), Nova Southeastern University (75/820), Pasco-Hernando Community College (319/5987), Saint Leo University (275/1849), St. Petersburg College (3800/20403), Stetson University College of Law (149/656), Tampa Technical Institute (224/1450), Trinity College of Florida (25/141), University of Tampa (1112/2921), University of South Florida (22658/34518), University of Phoenix (41/1332) Hospitals (employment): All Children’s Hospital (2052), Bay Pines VA Medical Center (2049), Bayfront Medical Center (1958), Brandon Regional Hospital (1060), Community Hospital New Port Richey (1000), East Pasco Medical Center (485), Edward White Hospital (350), H. Lee Moffit Cancer Center (1316), Helen Ellis Memorial Hospital (725), James A. Haley VA Hospital (2200), Kindred Hospital – Central Tampa (255), Kindred Hospital – Tampa (n.a.), Largo Medical Center (619), Mease Countryside Hospital (759), Mease Dunedin Hospital (724), Memorial Hospital of Tampa (550), Morton Plant Hospital (2448), North Bay Hospital (461), Northside Hospital & Heart Institute (650), Shriners Hospital for Children (300), South Bay Hospital (329), St. Anthony’s Hospital (1000 ), St. Joseph’s Hospital (3102), St. Petersburg General Hospital (564), Sun Coast Hospital (430), Tampa General Hospital (2113), Town & Country Hospital (400), and University Community Hospital (2592) Misc. Installations: MacDill Air Force Base: Retail business establishments, such as gas stations, located on the base are included in the analysis but we do not account for military activities that may be affected

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111Results of Test Outage OA – Brookridge Substation This document reports the results for assessing the economic impact of a business interruption due to a simulated electrical outage. We describe the outage area as follows. Outage Area Description Outage Area Name : OA – Brookridge substation Outage Duration: 24 hours Physical Characteristics Area (acres): 60,216.23 Area (Km): 243.688 The outage area contains 13 non-contiguous areas and encompasses all or part of the following: Counties: Hernando, Pasco, and Pinellas Major Cities: Clearwater, Largo, New Port Richey, Safety Harbor, and Saint Petersburg Zip Codes: 33701 33702 33703 33704 33705 33706 33708 33709 33710 33712 33713 33714 33755 33756 33759 33761 33764 33765 33767 33770 33771 33772 33773 33774 33776 33777 33778 33781 33782 33785 34606 34607 34613 34614 34654 34667 34668 34669 34683 34684 34689 34695 Economic Impact: The outage area contains 4,990 establishments where 115,963 workers are employed. We estimate the lost production in Tampa Bay due to a 24 hour outage to be $26.664 million, based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled by man-hours of output. Table 1 describes the loss by divisions of the economy.

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112Value-added Division of Economyper day (Mil. $01) Durables Manuf-1.338 Non-Durbls Manuf-2.230 Mining-0.009 Construction-0.761 Trans.&Public Util.-1.976 Fin&Ins&Real Est-3.894 Retail Trade-6.922 Wholesale Trade-2.276 Services-6.805 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.065 Total Private Non-farm-26.277 Government-0.387 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-26.664 Table 1 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: Brookridge Here is a map giving the general location of the outage area within Tampa Bay.

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113 Table 2 provides a breakout of establishments and employees by major industry group. The abbreviation “nd” means not disclosable due to the State’s confidentiality restriction. However, we note that there are fewer than 7 establishments with fewer than 201 employees that cannot be disclosed. The outage directly impacts these 4,990 establishments and their employees.

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114 Table 2 Major Industry Group# Firms# Employees Lumber764 Furniture827 Stone, Clay, Etc.635 Primary Metalsndnd Fabricated Metals22519 Machines & Computers30289 Electrical Equipment15508 Motor Vehiclesndnd Rest Transportation Equipment8766 Instruments141334 Misc. Manufacturing11231 Food1274082 Tobbaco manufacturingndnd Textilesndnd Apparel1267 Paperndnd Printing25923 Chemicals9146 Petroleum Productsndnd Rubber11140 Leatherndnd Miningndnd Construction4906153 Railroadndnd Trucking55170 Local & Interurban Transportation760 Air Transportationndnd Other Transportation37134 Communication262341 Public Utilities7119 Banking781327 Insurance1102059 Credit & Finance117894 Real State2551901 Eating & Drinking3156484 Rest of Retail Trade60435627 Wholesale Trade3405259 Hotels633619 Personal Services & Repair2171699 Private Household4372 Auto Repair & Service134605 Misc. Business services4268163 Amusement & Recreation801225 Motion Pictures271306 Medical45014283 Misc. Professional Services4613225 Education322039 Non-Profit Organizations1643545 Agriculture92564 State and Local423282 Federal Civilian6476 Subtotal: 4983115762 Total for Non-disclosable Groups (10):7201 Total: 4990115963

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115 As mentioned above, our estimate of lost production in Tampa Bay due to the outage is based on a proportional distribution of annual output scaled for one man-hour’s output. Table 3 offers more detail by showing the loss by major industry group.

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116Value-added Major Industry Groupper day (Mil. $01) Lumber-0.038 Furniture-0.006 Stone,Clay,Etc.-0.040 Primary Metals-0.022 Fabricated Metals-0.127 Machin & Comput-0.137 Electric Equip-0.232 Motor Vehicles-0.006 Rest Trans Equip-0.271 Instruments-0.424 Misc. Manufact-0.035 Subtotal-1.338 Food-1.570 Tobacco Manuf0.000 Textiles0.000 Apparel-0.014 Paper-0.035 Printing-0.437 Chemicals-0.121 Petro Products-0.006 Rubber-0.046 Leather0.000 Subtotal-2.230 Mining-0.009 Construction-0.761 Railroad-0.009 Trucking-0.096 Local&Interurban-0.026 Air Transportation-0.032 Other Transport-0.031 Communication-1.373 Public Utilities-0.409 Subtotal-1.976 Table 3 Tampa Bay Lost Production due to Outage Outage Area Name: Brookridge

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117Banking-0.592 Insurance-0.370 Credit & Finance-0.608 Real Estate-2.325 Subtotal-3.895 Eating & Drinking-0.375 Rest of Retail-6.547 Subtotal-6.922 Wholesale Trade-2.276 Hotels-0.334 Pers Serv & Rep-0.272 Private Household-0.036 Auto Rep&Serv-0.264 Misc. Bus Serv-1.994 Amusem & Recr-0.196 Motion Pictures-0.084 Medical-1.975 Misc. Prof Serv-0.989 Education-0.186 Non-Profit Org-0.476 Subtotal-6.804 Agri&For&Fish Serv-0.065 Total Private Non-farm-26.277 Government-0.387 Farm0.000 Total Value-added Lost-26.664

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118 Specified features of interest within the outage area: Schools (employees/enrollment): Name City Enrollment Employment Hudson Elementary School Hudson 897 99 Bayonet Point Middle School New Port Richey 947 127 Schrader Elementary School New Port Richey 674 82 Fox Hollow Elementary School Port Richey 983 102 Calvin Hunsinger School Clearwater 171 Clearwater Intermediate Clearwater 270 Curtis Fundamental Clearwater 435 29 Kennedy Middle Clearwater 1171 98 Kings Highway Elementary Clearwater 549 55 Leila G. Davis Elementary Clearwater 631 56 North Ward Elementary Clearwater 287 31 Sandy Lane Elementary Clearwater 837 79 Skycrest Elementary Clearwater 872 82 South Ward Elementary Clearwater 337 28 Fitzgerald Middle Largo 1215 108 Largo Central Elementary Largo 374 42 Largo Middle Largo 1516 Pinellas Park High School Largo 2272 183 Palm Harbor University High Palm Harbor 2321 161 Cross Bayou Elementary Pinellas Park 660 96 Pinellas Central Elementary Pinellas Park 823 99 Skyview Elementary Pinellas Park 708 75 Safety Harbor Elementary Safety Harbor 607 64 Safety Harbor Middle Safety Harbor 1466 117 Safety Harbor Secondary School Safety Harbor 90 Bauder Elementary Seminole 935 85 Seminole High School Seminole 2222 138 Seminole Middle Seminole 1282 93 Seminole Vocational Education Seminole Azalea Elementary St. Petersburg 696 88 Azalea Middle St. Petersburg 925 92 John Hopkins Middle St. Petersburg 1513 133 North Shore Elementary St. Petersburg 579 56 Northwest Elementary St. Petersburg 785 83 Riviera Middle St. Petersburg 1248 92 Seventy-Fourth St. Elementary St. Petersburg 557 73 Shore Acres Elementary St. Petersburg 694 73 St. Petersburg High School St. Petersburg 2351 163 Tomlinson Adult Learning Cente St. Petersburg Tyrone Elementary St. Petersburg 617 116 Tyrone Middle St. Petersburg 1133 105 Woodlawn Elementary St. Petersburg 713 79

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119 Colleges and Universities (employment/enrollment): none Hospitals (employment): Edward White Hospital (350), Mease Countryside Hospital (759), Morton Plant Hospital (2448), Regional Medical Center – Bayonet Point (1050), and St. Anthony’s Hospital (1000) Misc. Installations: none

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120APPENDIX C. NATURAL GAS USAGE BY SIC The following table contains the number of establishments for each 4-digit SIC code in the TECO Peoples Gas Database and their average consumption of natural gas in December 2001. A description of this database is provided in the Data section of this report. Establishments classified by SIC code 0 in the table may actually be non-classified establishments. There is also uncertainty regarding the establishments listed by 3-digit codes in the table, which may be either 3-digit SIC codes or 4-digit SIC codes of the format 0###. TECO Peoples Gas was unable to verify the appropriate interpretation of these establishments.

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121 SICEstablishmentsAvg UsageSICEstablishmentsAvg UsageSICEstablishmentsAvg Usage 6296701.31235311323.00342924411.00 040313983.7123962540.00343314560.00 161127876.00241119651.0034432141604.50 179210189.5024341220.00344433584.33 1811682.0024411483.003462110847.00 49211920.002451126397.923463136904.00 50014269.00251114416.00346911374.00 5811703.0025121608.003471329796.33 6002456.002515148925.0034793108847.00 651119511.002522118368.003489227752.00 701164291.002541116704.0034921105.00 721324085.332599240825.00349412507.00 723339198.3326535227947.80349936897.67 742322071.0026711261138.00351111175.00 75255792.602677133369.003523135002.00 80518990.002711718332.433531245297.00 82111637.0027311554491.003537226980.50 92111836.0027522388.00354122785.50 13111315.002759414246.7535452104050.50 1475186301.00281913178.0035591252.00 152156718.2028213426531.00356314011.00 1531210752.502822246691.0035671514.00 15412225178.5028346137859.503569336660.00 154243752.7528411939694.0035751220.00 16114151449.00285113491.00358917605.00 17112194.00287321854098.00359925462.50 1751344739.67289911269.003613156347.00 1761194.0029111540341.00362142066.75 1791117413.0029521925743.003625224871.50 179511216.002992227052.50363324904.50 1799103495.2030692196687.503645115221.00 2013238409.003083168216.003648228946.00 2023147184.00308934274.6736511378.00 2026176997.003229260974.50366111133.00 203211021411.0032411499431.003678145086.00 20331400349.0032531623320.0036921445092.00 20372142757.50326921001.50371441294.25 2044241766.5032722225026.003715122780.00 2048135939.003295383976.00372418109.00 2051774803.2932961111834.003732454683.75 20661445.003312148813.00379913241.00 20823142377.333316137995.0038411220.00 20863196143.0033241215360.00384213105.00 2087151244.0033341126939.003851648398.33 2091195375.0033411460933.003861237683.50 20992278046.503365419812.753911110.00 2211112242.003369111705.003944110.00 2253152.003398171248.003951112585.00 2261125399.00341111386047.0039651587.00 23251556.003412112955.00399926375739.96

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122 SICEstablishmentsAvg UsageSICEstablishmentsAvg UsageSICEstablishmentsAvg Usage 411111112.005148119303.0059491934.00 411912581.005149628118.17596123271.50 41311965.005159222312.50599313493.00 4212115704.00516221447.50599949965.00 4225212320.5051691575905.00602134124.00 422615470.0051821147.006061121.00 4231213909.505191117340.00609927563.00 431146089.5051931514934.00614118885.00 448922119.005199213700.00615915675.00 44921141.00521122792.50616212906.00 4493216967.505231313978.33621132892.00 4512136642.00525111657.00628222381.00 4581260401.5052601347.00632415014.00 47241881.005261143145.006361173.00 47851619.00530012159.836411227179.50 4813121.005311585210.9765002911955.02 4833153226.00533135868.3365121664.00 489911815.00539915465.00651364712225.68 49111147.00540018908.0065142283.00 4924310487.00541119911604.206515147752.71 49252105988182.00542121175.0065313310570.70 4941148946.00544122783.006552411245.50 49521440593.0054612628532.35655318979.00 4953249441.50549924285.006732131.00 501232773.0055114224369.407000862925.09 501342605.505521216799.50701145314357.77 50141241.00553154525.40703366364.17 50231149485.00554131685.337041141290.00 50472335.5055513126656.0072113389334.07 5063525802.4055992520.50721286550.75 5065123372.00561111196.0072137196434.14 50741147.0056211231.007215197083.37 5081136547.0056321189.0072183193245.00 5082118378.00565111269.007219217906.50 5083113167.005699747129.71722126906.00 508467787841.005712518235.60723168433.25 50851525.0057131462.0072411252.00 508811584.00573516567.0072611213990.50 5091536663.4058001842999.637299413035.50 50921346.00581127606.5073001650.00 50932116920.00581219578375.57731115035.00 5099411724.255813264062.737313188756.00 51131310191.0059001105.007319310770.67 512226219.50591227977.507331152.00 513618308.005921110941.007338114.00 5137210956.50593244920.0073593759.00 5141110.00594113595.007363184.00 5142212100.50594424857.007371229665.50 5146143607.00594521364.00737422864.00 5147126298.005947120277.00737812150.00

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123 SICEstablishmentsAvg UsageSICEstablishmentsAvg Usage 738213346.00 73841755.00 738962259.33 750012822.008351101843.00 751351251.208361228694.09 75191514.00839942815.00 7532364084.068412335564.00 75373377.67842262189.17 7538101607.2086001525.00 7539518567.208611614713.83 754286523.50862112885.00 75492122339.0086412510255.56 762214930.0086611942556.76 76231210.008699615103.33 769412476.00872123482.50 769914710.00873121274.50 7832131.008732213207.00 784115297.00874142005.00 79111703.00874226923.50 7922238089.50874819042.00 7929118976.00899922259.00 793332507.0091115629790.68 794146062.259121189574.22 79913715578.81919911227.00 799246378.25921114102.00 79972819741.1892213132878.67 79992534455.56922251162.40 80005015745.9292231037867.90 80119486307.10922423644.09 8049711326.7193111965.00 80517715201.88941133975.67 80592110240.109431213018.00 806213369783.859441210427.50 806331752.0095114390859.00 807125617.00951211678.00 80723832.0095311027891.90 8082120451.009621333499.00 8093121903.0097116162993.50 80992163886.009999598457.34 811123918.00 820016821.13 821128318556.08 82211416270.50 8222372782.00 8231510481.80 8243146890.00 829921982.50


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