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Population Workforce, and Employment in Florida: 1990-2000The State of Florida The U.S. Census Bureau reports that Floridas population rose from 12,937,926 in 1990 to 15,982,378 in the year 2000, The increase of 3,044,452 persons comprises a 23.5% growth rate over 1990s population, and represents a 2.14% annual geometric growth rate. Rapid population growth remained the most significant factor in Floridas economy during the past decade. Population growth was accompanied by growth in the work force and in employment. The Local Area Employment Statistics program (LAUS) estimates Floridas labor force increased 15.8% during the decade and employment grew by 18.6%. Population growth is associated with increasing output and employment in many industries. Over the decade of the 1990s utilities transportation &communications, trade, financial services, personal services and business services, and public administration have responded to population growth. Industry divisionEmployment Change (%) December 1990-2000 Agriculture 5.0% Mining/Construction 6.4% Manufacturing -10.0% Transportation, Communications & Utilities25.9% Trade15.9% Finance, Insurance & Real Estate17.3% Services41.2% Public Administration & Other26.2% Floridas Metropolitan Areas Population continues to rise in Floridas 20 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs). Table 1 reports that Floridas MSAs added 2,814,122 additional residents during the 1990s. This represents 92% of total population growth in Florida during the decade. Most growth occurred in the six largest MSAs. The six largest MSAs comprised 63.7% of Floridas population in 1990. The same six MSAs experienced a combined population increase of 1,892,97562% of total state population growth during the 1990s. These figures demonstrate that most new residents moved into large metropolitan areas. These areas possess diversified industrial bases and broad ranges of employment opportunity. Figure 1 reports population change by Florida MSAs from 1990-2000.
Floridas Largest Six MSAs, Population Change and Percent Growth 1990-2000 MSAPopulation Growth Percent Change Orlando419,70934.3% Ft. Lauderdale367,53029.3% Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater328,03815.9% Miami316,26816.3% West Palm Beach-Boca Raton267,66631.0% Jacksonville193,76421.4% Labor force and employment growth in central and north Florida MSAs mirrors population growth. Labor force in the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater MSA rose by 23.3%, in Orlando, by 33.0%, and in Jacksonville by 21.9%. LAUS figures for south Florida, however, indicate much lower ratios of labor force and employment growth to population growth. Labor force in Miami increased by 5.2% and in Ft. Lauderdale by 19.4%. Both percentages are well below the respective population growth rates. Percent Growth:1990-2000 MSALabor Force Employment Orlando33.0%37.8% Ft. Lauderdale19.4%22.4% Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater23.3%26.7% Miami 5.2% 8.3% West Palm Beach-Boca Raton23.9%25.4% Jacksonville21.9%24.8% The largest county population changes occurred within the boundaries of the states largest MSAs. The top six counties, by population growth from 1990-2000 are part of the largest six MSAs in the state: CountyPopulation Growth 1990-2000 Ft. Lauderdale367,530 Dade 316,268 Palm Beach267,666 Orange218,853 Hillsborough164,894 Duval105,908 Lee 105,775 Collier 99,278 Polk 78,542 Seminole 77,667
While the largest MSAs experienced the most rapid growth in population, growth as a percent of 1990 population was largest in Naples. Ranked by growth rates, Naples grew by 65%, followed by Orlando, Ocala, Ft. Meyers-Cape Coral, and West Palm Beach. The following nine MSAs experienced population growth at or above the state average: Top MSAs: in Percent Population Growth, 1990-2000 MSAsPopulation Growth Rate Naples65.3% Orlando34.3% Ocala32.9% Ft. Meyers-Cape Coral31.6% West Palm Beach31.0% Ft. Lauderdale29.3% Punta Gorda27.6% Ft. Pierce-Port St. Lucie27.2% Daytona Beach23.5% Figure 3 shows MSA population growth rates from 1990-2000. Regional Population and Population Growth Figure 4 reports year 2000 population by county. Population is concentrated in southeast Florida and along the interstate 4 corridor that connects Tampa Bay in the west and the Space Coast in the east. Population concentrations extend along the east coast of Florida and northward up the west coast through Pasco County. Population density is also high in the far-western panhandle region, from Bay County west to Escambia County. Figure 5, which shows the change in population from 1990 through 2000 reports that the highest levels of population growth occurred in those areas with the highest population concentration in 1990. The east cost and the west coast from Tampa Bay south, and the far western panhandle area continue to attract new residents. By contrast, the seven interior counties of south FloridaOsceola, Okeechobee, Highlands, Hardee, DeSoto, Glades, and Hendry Countieshad between them only 401,702 residents in 2000, and had grown only 119,187 persons during the decade of the 1990s.
With the exceptions of Bay County (location of Panama City), Leon County (the state capitol and site of Florida State University), and Alachua County (site of the University of Florida), counties in Floridas eastern panhandle continue to have lower population densities and to experience lower population growth than the remainder of the state. The 22 counties that lie between Jacksonville and Okaloosa County in the western Panhandle had only 510,722 residents in 2000, and grew by only 147,236 persons from 1990-2000. 1/ 1/ Baker, Bradford, Calhoun, Columbia, Dixie, Franklin, Gadsden, Gilchrist, Gulf, Hamilton, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Lafayette, Levy, Madison, Suwanee, Taylor, Union, Wakulla, Walton, and Washington Counties.
Table 1 Florida Population by Metropolitan Statistical Area 1990 Total Population 2000 Total Population Total 10 Year Population Growth 10 Year Growth Rate Florida12,937,92615,982,3783,044,45223.53% Daytona Beach MSA Flagler County28,70149,83221,131 Volusia County 370,712 443,34372,631 TOTAL Daytona Beach MSA 399,413 493,175 93,76223.47% Ft. Lauderdale MSA Broward County 1,255,488 1,623,018367,530 TOTAL Ft. Lauderdale MSA 1,255,488 1,623,018 367,53029.27% Ft. Myers Cape Coral MSA Lee County335,113440,888105,775 TOTAL Ft. Myers Cape Coral MSA335,113440,888105,77531.56% Ft. Pierce Port St. Lucie MSA Martin County100,900126,73125,831 St. Lucie County150,171192,69542,524 TOTAL Ft. Pierce Port St. Lucie MSA251,071319,42668,35527.23% Ft. Walton Beach MSA Okaloosa County 143,776 170,49826,722 TOTAL Ft. Walton Beach MSA 143,776 170,498 26,72218.59% Gainesville MSA Alachua County181,596217,95536,359 TOTAL Gainesville MSA181,596217,95536,35920.02% Jacksonville MSA Clay County105,986140,81434,828 Duval County672,971778,879105,908 Nassau County43,94157,66313,722 St. Johns County83,829123,13539,306 TOTAL Jacksonville MSA906,7271,100,491193,76421.37% Lakeland Winter Haven MSA Polk County405,382483,92478,542 TOTAL Lakeland Winter Haven MSA405,382483,92478,54219.37% Melbourne Titusville Palm Bay MSA Brevard County398,978476,23077,252 TOTAL Melbourne Titusville Palm Bay MSA398,978476,23077,25219.36% Miami MSA Miami-Dade 1,937,094 2,253,362316,268 TOTAL Miami MSA 1,937,094 2,253,362 316,26816.33% Naples MSA Collier County152,099251,37799,278 TOTAL Naples MSA152,099251,37799,27865.27%
Ocala MSA Marion County 194,833 258,91664,083 TOTAL Ocala MSA 194,833 258,916 64,08332.89% Orlando MSA Lake County152,104210,52858,424 Orange County677,491896,344218,853 Osceola County107,728172,49364,765 Seminole County287,529365,19677,667 TOTAL Orlando MSA1,224,8521,644,561419,70934.27% Panama City MSA Bay County126,994148,21721,223 TOTAL Panama City MSA126,994148,21721,22316.71% Pensacola MSA Escambia County 262,798 294,41031,612 Santa Rosa County 81,608 117,74336,135 TOTAL Pensacola MSA 344,406 412,153 67,74719.67% Punta Gorda MSA Charlotte County110,975141,62730,652 TOTAL Punta Gorda MSA110,975141,62730,65227.62% Sarasota Bradenton MSA Manatee County211,707264,00252,295 Sarasota County277,776325,95748,181 TOTAL Sarasota Bradenton MSA489,483589,959100,47620.53% Tallahassee MSA Gadsden County 41,105 45,0873,982 Leon County192,493239,45246,959 TOTAL Tallahassee MSA233,598284,53950,94121.81% Tampa St. Petersburg Clearwater MSA Hernando County101,115130,80229,687 Hillsborough County834,054998,948164,894 Pasco County281,131344,76563,634 Pinellas County851,659921,48269,823 TOTAL Tampa St. Petersburg Clearwater MSA2,067,9592,395,997328,03815.86% West Palm Beach Boca Raton MSA Palm Beach County 863,518 1,131,184267,666 TOTAL West Palm Beach Boca Raton MSA 863,518 1,131,184 267,66631.00% SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Redistricting Data (P.L 94-171) U.S. Cesus Bureau, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Public Law 94-171 Data (Official) Prepared by Center for Economic Development Research, College of Business Administration, University of South Florida
Table 2 Florida Population by County 1990 Total Population 2000 Total Population Total 10 Year Population Change 10 Year Growth Rate Florida12,937,92615,982,3783,044,45223.53% Alachua County181,596217,95536,35920.02% Baker County18,48622,2593,77320.41% Bay County126,994148,21721,22316.71% Bradford County22,51526,0883,57315.87% Brevard County398,978476,23077,25219.36% Broward County 1,255,488 1,623,018367,53029.27% Calhoun County11,01113,0172,00618.22% Charlotte County110,975141,62730,65227.62% Citrus County93,515118,08524,57026.27% Clay County105,986140,81434,82832.86% Collier County152,099251,37799,27865.27% Columbia County42,61356,51313,90032.62% DeSoto County23,86532,2098,34434.96% Dixie County10,58513,8273,24230.63% Duval County672,971778,879105,90815.74% Escambia County 262,798 294,41031,61212.03% Flagler County28,70149,83221,13173.62% Franklin County8,96711,0572,09023.31% Gadsden County 41,105 45,0873,9829.69% Gilchrist County9,66714,4374,77049.34% Glades County7,59110,5762,98539.32% Gulf County11,50413,3321,82815.89% Hamilton County10,93013,3272,39721.93% Hardee County19,49926,9387,43938.15% Hendry County25,77336,21010,43740.50% Hernando County101,115130,80229,68729.36% Highlands County68,43287,36618,93427.67% Hillsborough County834,054998,948164,89419.77% Holmes County15,77818,5642,78617.66% Indian River County90,208112,94722,73925.21% Jackson County41,37546,7555,38013.00% Jefferson County11,29612,9021,60614.22% Lafayette County5,5787,0221,44425.89% Lake County152,104210,52858,42438.41% Lee County335,113440,888105,77531.56%
Leon County192,493239,45246,95924.40% Levy County 25,923 34,4508,52732.89% Liberty County5,5697,0211,45226.07% Madison County16,56918,7332,16413.06% Manatee County211,707264,00252,29524.70% Marion County 194,833 258,91664,08332.89% Martin County100,900126,73125,83125.60% Dade 1,937,094 2,253,362316,26816.33% Monroe County78,02479,5891,5652.01% Nassau County43,94157,66313,72231.23% Okaloosa County 143,776 170,49826,72218.59% Okeechobee County29,62735,9106,28321.21% Orange County677,491896,344218,85332.30% Osceola County107,728172,49364,76560.12% Palm Beach County 863,518 1,131,184267,66631.00% Pasco County281,131344,76563,63422.63% Pinellas County851,659921,48269,8238.20% Polk County405,382483,92478,54219.37% Putnam County65,07070,4235,3538.23% Santa Rosa County 81,608 117,74336,13544.28% Sarasota County277,776325,95748,18117.35% Seminole County287,529365,19677,66727.01% St. Johns County83,829123,13539,30646.89% St. Lucie County150,171192,69542,52428.32% Sumter County31,57753,34521,76868.94% Suwannee County26,78034,8448,06430.11% Taylor County17,11119,2562,14512.54% Union County10,25213,4423,19031.12% Volusia County 370,712 443,34372,63119.59% Wakulla County14,20222,8638,66160.98% Walton County27,76040,60112,84146.26% Washington County16,91920,9734,05423.96% SOURCE: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000 Redistricting Data (P.L 94-171) U.S. Cesus Bureau, 1990 Census of Population and Housing, Public Law 94-171 Data (Official) Prepared by Center for Economic Development Research, College of Business Administration, University of South Florida
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Population workforce, and employment in Florida
h [electronic resource] :
Tampa, Fla. :
Center for Economic Development Research,
1 online resource ( p.) :
Title from PDF of p. 1 caption (viewed Aug. 14, 2009).
Includes bibliographical references.
x Economic conditions.
University of South Florida.
Center for Economic Development Research.
1 8 773
t Center for Economic Development Research (CEDR) Collection