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Medical products industries clustering in Tampa Bay

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Title:
Medical products industries clustering in Tampa Bay preliminary report
Physical Description:
1 online resource (i, 40 p.) : ;
Language:
English
Creator:
University of South Florida -- Center for Economic Development Research
Publisher:
Center for Economic Development Research
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Medical supplies industry -- Statistics -- Florida -- Tampa Bay Region   ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Tampa Bay Region (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
statistics   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Statement of Responsibility:
an analysis performed by Center for Economic Development Research, College of Business Administration, University of South Florida.
General Note:
Title from PDF of cover (viewed Sept. 8, 2009).
General Note:
"April 2002."

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002027741
oclc - 436059872
usfldc doi - C63-00055
usfldc handle - c63.55
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SFS0000331:00001


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Medical Products Industries Clustering in Tampa Bay Preliminary Report An Analysis Performed by CENTER FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH College of Business Administration 1101 Channelside Dr., 2nd Floor N., Tampa, Florida 33602 Office: (813) 905-5854 or Fax: (813) 905-5856 April, 2002

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i TABLE OF CONTENTS Preface........................................................................................................................ .....................1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY.............................................................................................................2 Purpose, Method and Findings........................................................................................................3 Note on Wholesale Trade........................................................................................................ ......10 Note on the Research, Development and Testing Services Major Group.....................................11 All Primary Industries in Tampa Bay...........................................................................................12 All Primary Industries in Tampa Bay except the Biotech Segment (IMPLAN sector 509).........14 Pharmaceutical Industries in Tampa Bay......................................................................................16 Research, Development and Testing Services Industries in Tampa Bay......................................18 Gaskets, Packing and Sealing Devices Industry in Tampa Bay....................................................20 Fabricated Rubber Products (not elsewhere classified) Industry in Tampa Bay..........................22 Mechanical Measuring Devices Industry in Tampa Bay..............................................................24 Analytical Instruments Industry in Tampa Bay............................................................................26 Optical Instruments and Lenses Industry in Tampa Bay..............................................................27 Surgical and Medical Instruments Industry in Tampa Bay...........................................................29 Surgical Appliances and Supplies Industry in Tampa Bay...........................................................31 Dental Equipment and Supplies I ndust r y in Tam p a B a y ........................................................... .. 33 X-ray Apparatus Industry in Tampa Bay......................................................................................35 Electromedical Apparatus Industry in Tampa Bay.......................................................................37 Ophthalmic Goods Industry in Tampa Bay..................................................................................39

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1 Preface This study, Medical Products Industries Clustering in Tampa Bay, Preliminary Report, was prepared by the Center for Economic Development Research (CEDR), College of Business Administration, University of South Florida. The Florida Medical Manufacturers Consortium has motivated the study. Pinellas County Economic Development is the coordinating sponsor for the study. CEDR provides information and conducts research on issues related to economic growth and development in the Nation, in the state of Florida, and particularly in the central Florida region. The Center serves the faculty, staff, and students of the College of Business Administration, the University, and individuals and organizations in the University’s service area. CEDR’s activities are designed to further the objectives of the University and specifically the objectives of the College of Business Administration. Robert Anderson, Dean, College of Business Administration (COBA), USF Kenneth Wieand, Director, Center for Economic Development Research (CEDR), COBA, USF Dennis G. Colie, Economist and Principal Investigator, CEDR, COBA, USF Alexander A. McPherson, Research Associate, CEDR, COBA, USF Carol Wallace, Information Technology Specialist, CEDR, COBA, USF

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2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The purpose of this research is to describe the clustering of medical products industries in Tampa Bay. We start with selected primary industries and use the IMPLAN ProfessionalTM inputoutput model to identify the supplier chains (indirect industries) for the primary industries. The selected primary industries are categorized by segment: 1) the Pharmaceuticals segment, 2) the Biotech segment, and 3) the Medical Devices segment. To organize the inter-industry relationships, we use three tiers. Tier 1 reflects a greater amount of clustering than does Tier 2. Tier 3 reflects minimal inter-industry linkage. We find 30 Tier 1 supplier-industries. The top five supplier-industries are: 1) Wholesale Trade, 2) Banking, 3) Real Estate, 4) Communications, except radio and TV, and 5) Maintenance and Repair, other Facilities, Except the Pharmaceuticals segment, all of the selected primary industries exhibit “clustering” in the sense that they tend to have the same supplier-industries. The Pharmaceuticals segment has only four supplier-industries or supplier-industry groups in common with any industry of the Medical Devices segment or the Biotech segment. (When we exclude Research, Development and Testing Services from the selected primary industries, the Pharmaceuticals segment has only three supplier-industries in common with any industry of the Medical Devices and Biotech segments.) We conclude that in the sense of a cluster exhibiting common supplier-links, the Pharmaceuticals segment of the selected primary industries for medical products industries’ clustering in Tampa Bay is not a “good fit” with the Medical Devices and the Biotech segments. However, the selected industries in the Medical Devices segment and the Biotech segment exhibit common supplier-linkages. Based on the input-output analysis, the cluster of medical products firms in Tampa Bay is broadly defined to include the primary industries of the Medical Devices segment and the Biotech segment plus their Tier 1 and Tier 2 supplier-industries. The analysis also supports a narrow definition, which would exclude the Tier 2 supplier-industries and thereby regard Tier 2 industries as tangential to the clustering of medical products firms.

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3 Purpose, Method and Findings The purpose of this research is to describe the clustering of industries associated with medical products in Tampa Bay. Harvard economist, Michael Porter, in The Competitive Advantage of Nations (1990) and in On Competition (1998), develops a model in which competitive advantages are generated by the spatial concentration of firms in an industry as they interact with regional and national factors conducive to their profitability. As applied to a regional economy, Porter’s model relates the growth of a regional industry to regional infrastructure, to the spatial proximity of upstream industries that supply inputs into the production process, and to the proximity of downstream customers who purchase the industry’s products and services.1 Porter calls the grouping of an industry along with its upstream suppliers and downstream customers an industry cluster. In order to develop a picture of the medical products industries’ clustering in Tampa Bay, we start with selected primary industries and use the IMPLAN ProfessionalTM input-output model to identify the supplier chains (indirect industries) for the primary industries. The selected primary industries are listed below by Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code and their corresponding IMPLAN sector number. We call the consolidation of primary industries the Medical Products Industries group. The Medical Products Industries group has three segments consisting of: PHARMACEUTICALS SEGMENT IMPLAN sector 195, Drugs = SICs 2833 (medicinal chemicals and botanical products), 2834 (pharmaceutical preparations), 2835 (in vitro and in vivo diagnostic substances), and 2836 (biological products, except diagnostic substances). BIOTECH SEGMENT Part of IMPLAN sector 509, Research, Development and Testing Services = SIC 8731 (commercial physical and biological research).2 MEDICAL DEVICES SEGMENT IMPLAN sector 218, Gaskets, Packing and Sealing Devices = SIC 3053 (gaskets, packing and sealing devices). IMPLAN sector 219, Fabricated Rubber Products, N.E.C. = SIC 3060 (fabricated rubber products, not elsewhere classified). IMPLAN sector 403, Mechanical Measuring Devices = SICs 3823 (industrial instruments for measurement, display, and control of process variables; related products), 3824 (totalizing fluid meters and counting devices), and 3829 (measuring and controlling devices, not elsewhere classified). 1 Porter represents regional competitive advantage as a “diamond,” the four corners of which are made up of the competitive nature of the industry, the interaction of firms in the industry with suppliers, the interaction with informed domestic customers, and the traditional country-specific factor cost and supply conditions. 2 In addition to SIC 8731, IMPLAN sector 509 includes SIC 8732 (commercial economic, sociological, and educational research), SIC 8733 (noncommercial research organizations), and SIC 8734 (testing laboratories). In the process used to describe the cluster, we cannot model the SICs of IMPLAN sector 509 separately. We address this limitation in the body of this report.

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4 IMPLAN sector 405, Analytical Instruments = SIC 3826 (laboratory analytical instruments).3 IMPLAN sector 406, Optical Instruments and Lenses = SIC 3827 (optical instruments and lenses). IMPLAN sector 407, Surgical and Medical Instruments = SIC 3841 (surgical and medical instruments and apparatus). IMPLAN sector 408, Surgical Appliances and Supplies = SIC 3842 (orthopedic, prosthetic, and surgical appliances and supplies). IMPLAN sector 409, Dental Equipment and Supplies = SIC 3843 (dental equipment and supplies). IMPLAN sector 410, X-ray Apparatus = SIC 3844 (x-ray apparatus and tubes and related irradiation apparatus). IMPLAN sector 411, Electromedical Apparatus = SIC 3845 (electromedical and electrotherapeutic apparatus). IMPLAN sector 412, Ophthalmic Goods = SIC 3851 (ophthalmic goods). To measure the “magnitude of clustering,” we introduce into the model a $100 million increase in the output of each primary industry. We then measure the consequent percentage increase (as a percent of the increased primary output) in other regional industries. The greater the percentage, the more economic activity there is between an indirect industry and the primary industries. To better organize the inter-industry relationships, three tiers are used. Tier 1 relationships occur when an indirect industry’s output increases by more than 1% of the increase in primary output. A Tier 2 relationship is between 0.5% and 1%. Tier 3 fills out the one-page summary of inter-industry relationships, which are presented later in this report. Because we cannot measure the “magnitude of clustering” for the Commercial Physical and Biological Research industry separately from other industries in its IMPLAN sector scheme (IMPLAN sector 509), we examine the clustering effect with and without sector 509. Next under, there are two frequency tables for Tier 1 supplier-industries. The statistics in the first table include IMPLAN sector 509, while the statistics in the second table exclude IMPLAN sector 509. Following the tables, we explain our findings. 3 There was no firm in the Laboratory Analytical Instruments industry (SIC 3826) operating in Tampa Bay in 1999.

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7 Table 1 is a frequency table for Tier 1 supplier-industries, when IMPLAN sector 509 is included as a primary industry grouping. Because there are eleven primary industries, one industry grouping (IMPLAN sector 509), and the average of all primary industry components, the maximum frequency a supplier-industry can attain is 13. We find that the medical products industries’ clustering in Tampa Bay includes 30 Tier 1 supplier-industries. From Table 1, the 30 Tier 1 supplier-links with the primary industries, in order of frequency, are: Supplier-industry Frequency Wholesale Trade 13 Banking 12 Real Estate 12 Communications – except Radio and TV 11 Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities 11 Computer and Data Processing Services 10 Other Business Services 9 Electronic Components – not elsewhere classified 7 Personnel Supply Services 6 Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing 6 Legal Services 5 Printed Circuit Boards 5 Accounting, Auditing and Bookkeeping 4 Management and Consulting Services 4 Paperboard Containers and Boxes 3 Synthetic Rubber 3 Surgical Appliances and Supplies (also a primary industry) 2 Newspapers 2 Glass and Glass Products excluding Containers 2 Surgical and Medical Instruments (also a primary industry) 2 Radio and TV Broadcasting 2 Job Training and Related Services 2 Research, Development and Testing Services 2 (Commercial Physical and Biological Research, SIC 8731, is a Primary industry that is a part of the Research, Development and Testing Services group.) Plastics Materials and Resins 2 Electric Services 2 Engineering – Architectural Services 2 Periodicals 1 Commercial Printing 1 Phosphate Rock 1 Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) (also a primary industry) 1

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8 Table 2 is a frequency table for Tier 1 supplier-industries, when IMPLAN sector 509 is not included as a primary industry grouping. Because there are eleven primary industries and the average of the eleven industries, the maximum frequency a supplier-industry can attain is 12. We find that the medical products industries’ clustering in Tampa Bay includes 30 Tier 1 supplier-industries. From Table 2, the 30 Tier 1 supplier-links with the primary industries, in order of frequency, are: Supplier-industry Frequency Wholesale Trade 12 Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities 11 Banking 11 Real Estate 11 Communications – except Radio and TV 10 Computer and Data Processing Services 9 Other Business Services 8 Electronic Components – not elsewhere classified 7 Legal Services 6 Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing 6 Printed Circuit Boards 5 Personnel Supply Services 4 Paperboard Containers and Boxes 3 Accounting, Auditing and Bookkeeping 3 Synthetic Rubber 3 Surgical Appliances and Supplies (also a primary industry) 2 Newspapers 2 Glass and Glass Products excluding Containers 2 Surgical and Medical Instruments (also a primary industry) 2 Radio and TV Broadcasting 2 Job Training and Related Services 2 Management and Consulting Services 2 Plastics Materials and Resins 2 Electric Services 2 Periodicals 1 Phosphate Rock 1 Commercial Printing 1 Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) (also a primary industry) 1 Research, Development and Testing Services 1 (Commercial Physical and Biological Research, SIC 8731, is a Primary industry that is a part of the Research, Development and Testing Services group.) Engineering – Architectural Services 1

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9 When the Research, Development and Testing Services group (IMPLAN sector 509) is excluded from the model, the Tier 1 supplier-industries of Table 2 are the same as the Tier 1 industries of Table 1. However, there are some small differences in the “magnitude of clustering” as evidenced by the relative changes in frequencies attained by the industries. The Wholesale Trade industry is the top Tier 1 industry in the cluster as well as a Tier 1 supplier-industry for each primary industry and primary industry group. We estimate that between 17.4% and 24.3% of Wholesale Trade economic activity in Tampa Bay is linked to the clustering of medical products industries. See the note on the Wholesale Trade on the next page. Except the Pharmaceuticals segment, all of the selected primary industries or industry groups exhibit “clustering” in the sense that they tend to have the same supplier-industries. The Pharmaceuticals segment has only four supplier-industries or supplier industry groups in common with any industry of the Medical Devices segment and the Biotech segment. The four common supplier-links are 1) Wholesale Trade, 2) Other Business Services, 3) Accounting, Auditing and Bookkeeping and 4) Research, Development and Testing Services. If we exclude Research, Development and Testing Services (IMPLAN sector 509) from the primary industries, the Pharmaceuticals segment has only three supplier-industries in common with any industry of the Medical Devices and Biotech segments. Thus, we find that in the sense of a cluster exhibiting common supplier-links, the Pharmaceuticals segment of the selected primary industries for medical products industries’ clustering in Tampa Bay is not a “good fit” with the Medical Devices and Biotech segments. However, the selected industries in the Medical Devices segment and the Biotech segment exhibit common supplier-linkages. Based on the input-output analysis, the cluster of medical products firms in Tampa Bay is broadly defined to include the primary industries of the Medical Devices segment and the Biotech segment plus their Tier 1 and Tier 2 supplier-industries. The analysis also supports a narrow definition, which would exclude Tier 2 supplier-industries and thereby regard Tier 2 industries as tangential to the clustering of medical products firms.

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10 Note on Wholesale Trade The Wholesale Trade industry is the top Tier 1 industry in the cluster as well as a Tier 1 supplier-industry for each primary industry and primary industry group. The Wholesale Trade industry is defined by SIC codes 5000 and 5100. These codes are aggregated in the IMPLAN model to form IMPLAN sector 447. The IMPLAN model does not offer a more refined examination of sector 447. However, we have selected several Wholesale Trade components, which seem reasonably related to the clustering of medical products industries. Using 1999 ES202 data (reports submitted by employers with unemployment insurance premiums), we estimate that between 17.4% (by average number of employees) and 24.3% (by average number of firms) of Wholesale Trade economic activity in Tampa Bay is linked to the clustering of medical products industries. See the worksheet next under for a list of the selected industries and calculation of the estimates. Wh o l esal e Tr ade 1999 ES202 Dat a f o r Tampa Bay Co u n t ies Medic al Rel at ed Avg # o fAvg # o f Sec t o rSICFir msEmpl o yees Medic al Den t al an d Ho spit al Eq u ipmen t an d Su ppl ies5047338.83540.7 Oph t h al mic Go o ds504833.5146.8 Pr o f essio n al Eq u ipmen t an d Su ppl ies, NEC504929.5130.9 In du st r ial Mac h in er y an d Eq u ipmen t5084414.33448.0 In du st r ial Su ppl ies5085152.31220.4 Dr u gs, Dr u g Pr o pr iet ar ies, an d Dr u ggist s' Su n dr ies5122153.01942.6 Ch emic al s an d Al l ied Pr o du c t s, NEC5169151.3942.0 No n du r abl e Go o ds, NEC5199404.81583.7 1677.512955.1 Fo r al l Wh o l esal e Tr ade:6891.074625.0 Medic al r el at ed SICs as a % o f al l Wh o l esal e Tr ade:24.3%17.4% Source: Th is t abl e w as c o n st r u c t ed by CEDR f r o m ES202 dat a f o r 1999 t o sh o w t h e c at ego r ic al br eak do w n o f c o ver ed empl o ymen t an d n u mber o f f ir ms w it h in t h e Wh o l esal e Tr ade Sec t o r SICs 50 an d 51.

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11 Note on the Research, Development and Testing Services Major Group We selected the Commercial Physical and Biological Research industry (SIC 8731) as a primary industry within the Medical Products Industries group. (It is the sole industry selected for the Biotech segment of the Medical Products Industries group.) However, we cannot measure the “magnitude of clustering” for this industry separately from other industries in its IMPLAN sector scheme, i.e. IMPLAN sector 509. Thus, during this research we examine the clustering effect with and without sector 509. IMPLAN sector 509 consists of four industries and is coincident with Industry Group 873 – Research and Testing Services of the SIC system. Using 1999 ES202 data (reports submitted by employers with unemployment insurance premiums), we estimate that there are about 257 firms in Industry Group 873 operating in Tampa Bay. These 257 firms employ, on average, 7,720 workers. The Commercial Physical and Biological Research industry (SIC 8731) comprises almost 21% of the firms of the industry group, but employs less than 9% of those people working for firms in the group. See the worksheet next under for a breakdown, by number firms and by number of employees, of the Research and Testing Services group in Tampa Bay. Resear c h Devel o pmen t an d Test in g Ser vic es 1999 ES202 Dat a f o r Tampa Bay Co u n t ies Avg # o fAvg # o f Sec t o r SICFir msEmpl o yees Co mmer c ial Ph ysic al an d Bio l o gic al Resear c h873153.0674.2 Co mmer c ial Ec o n o mic So c io l o gic al an d Edu c at io n al Resear c h873284.85601.2 No n c o mmer c ial Resear c h Or gan izat io n s873340.8572.3 Test in g Labo r at o r ies873478.8872.3 To t al Resear c h Devel o pmen t an d Test in g Ser vic es:257.37719.9 Medic al r el at ed SIC 8731 as a % o f al l Resear c h Devel o pmen t an d Test in g20.6%8.7% Source: Th is t abl e w as c o n st r u c t ed by CEDR f r o m ES202 dat a f o r 1999 t o sh o w t h e c at ego r ic al br eak do w n o f c o ver ed empl o ymen t an d n u mber o f f ir ms w it h in t h e Resear c h Devel o pmen t an d Test in g Ser vic es Sec t o r SIC 873.

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12 All Primary Industries in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships among the ten primary industries or industry groupings and their supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the averages of the percentages for the ten industries or industry groupings taken individually. Tampa Bay consists of Hernando, Hillsborough, Manatee, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, and Sarasota counties. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Electronic Components – not elsewhere classified Computer and Data Processing Services Banking Real Estate Printed Circuit Boards Other Business Services Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Communications – except Radio and TV Accounting, Auditing and Bookkeeping Synthetic Rubber Personnel Supply Services Management and Consulting Services See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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13 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 1-Apr-02 8-Apr-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million change in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industries: Average of IMPLAN 195, 218, 219, 403, 406, 407, 408, 409 SICIMPLAN410, 411, 412, and 509 CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade6.8901% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.1.9345% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.8439% 6000456Banking1.6518% 6500462Real Estate1.6333% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards1.5000% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services1.4494% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing1.4151% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities1.2856% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.2728% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping1.1867% 2822192Synthetic Rubber1.0733% 7360474Personnel Supply Services1.0700% 8740508Management and Consulting Services1.0575% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 8110494Legal Services0.9871% 3842408Surgical Appliances and Supplies0.8992% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.8365% 4910443Electric Services0.7986% 2710174Newspapers0.7748% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.6724% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.6697% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.6539% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.5673% TIER 3 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.4914% 2750179Commercial Printing0.4674% 2720175Periodicals0.4569% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.4406% 2830195Drugs0.4313% 147544Phosphate Rock0.3866% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.3854% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.3830% 2821191Plastics Materials and Resins0.3696% 7310469Advertising0.3690% 3210,29,30230Glass and Glass ProductsExc Containers0.3367% 8330498Job Trainings & Related Services0.3331% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.3309% 7340472Services To Buildings0.2923% 3469294Metal StampingsN.E.C.0.2704% 3571339Electronic Computers0.2639% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.2637% 4500437Air Transportation0.2623% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.2405% 3841407Surgical and Medical Instrument0.2404% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.1975% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.1973% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.1888% 7800483Motion Pictures0.1796% 4010,4740433Railroads and Related Services0.1766% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.1701%

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14 All Primary Industries in Tampa Bay except the Biotech Segment (IMPLAN sector 509) The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships among the ten primary industries or industry groupings and their supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the averages of the percentages for the ten in7dustries or industry groupings taken individually. Tampa Bay consists of Hernando, Hillsborough, Manatee, Pasco, Pinellas, Polk, and Sarasota counties. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Electronic Components – not elsewhere classified Banking Printed Circuit Boards Real Estate Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing Computer and Data Processing Services Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Other Business Services Communications – except Radio and TV Synthetic Rubber Accounting, Auditing and Bookkeeping Legal Services Two industries drop out of the Tier 1 level when the Biotech segment is excluded. These industries are 1) Management and Consulting Services and 2) Personnel Supply Services. This indicates that these industries have a relatively strong link to the Biotech segment. Legal Services moves up from a Tier 2 link to a Tier 1 link when the Biotech segment is excluded. See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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15 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 1-Apr-02 8-Apr-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 M illion ch ange in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industries: Average of IMPLAN 195, 218, 219, 403, 406, 407, 408, 409 SICIMPLAN410, 411, and 412 CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade7.3573% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.2.0998% 6000456Banking1.6469% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards1.6282% 6500462Real Estate1.4993% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing1.4670% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.3366% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.3145% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services1.2501% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.2034% 2822192Synthetic Rubber1.1703% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping1.1051% 8110494Legal Services1.0070% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 3842408Surgical Appliances and Supplies0.9809% 7360474Personnel Supply Services0.9356% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.9044% 2710174Newspapers0.8226% 4910443Electric Services0.8191% 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.7828% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.7114% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.6766% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.6291% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.5117% TIER 3 2750179Commercial Printing0.4877% 2720175Periodicals0.4826% 2830195Drugs0.4703% 2821191Plastics Materials and Resins0.4026% 147544Phosphate Rock0.3982% 7310469Advertising0.3917% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.3827% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.3753% 8330498Job Trainings & Related Services0.3629% 3210,29,30230Glass and Glass ProductsExc Containers0.3418% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.3369% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.3105% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.3035% 3469294Metal StampingsN.E.C.0.2946% 7340472Services To Buildings0.2882% 3571339Electronic Computers0.2833% 4500437Air Transportation0.2646% 3841407Surgical and Medical Instrument0.2621% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.2364% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.2143% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.2022% 7800483Motion Pictures0.1890% 4010,4740433Railroads and Related Services0.1873% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.1861% 3845411Electromedical Apparatus0.1843% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.1839% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.1793%

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16 Pharmaceutical Industries in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Pharmaceutical (Drugs) industries and their supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Pharmaceutical (Drugs) industries. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Drugs Wholesale Trade Accounting, Auditing and Bookkeeping Other Business Services Research, Development & Testing Services By order of magnitude, the Pharmaceutical (Drugs) segment is the main beneficiary of an increase in output within their own major industry group. This indicates strong supplier linkages among the three industries of the Pharmaceutical (Drugs) segment. The Research, Development & Testing Services (IMPLAN sector 509), which contains the Biotech segment (SIC 8731 – Commercial Physical and Biological Research), also exhibits a relatively strong supplier-link with Pharmaceutical (Drugs) segment. See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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17 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 195 SIC 2830 Pharmaceuticals SICIMPLAN CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 2830195Drugs5.1064% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade3.6054% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping1.3957% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services1.1548% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services1.0054% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 2710174Newspapers0.8909% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.7677% 6000456Banking0.7006% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services0.6618% 8110494Legal Services0.6529% 6500462Real Estate0.6306% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities0.5802% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.5786% 2750179Commercial Printing0.5663% 2720175Periodicals0.5181% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV0.5167% TIER 3 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.4995% 7310469Advertising0.4225% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing0.4190% 7360474Personnel Supply Services0.3895% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.3347% 147544Phosphate Rock0.3045% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.2979% 4910443Electric Services0.2838% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.2021% 7800483Motion Pictures0.1957% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.1889% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.1651% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.1604% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.1499% 7340472Services To Buildings0.1415% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.1227% 3221231Glass Containers0.1185% 4500437Air Transportation0.1083% 3993429Signs and Advertising Displays0.1072% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.1034% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.0971% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.0961% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.0921% 4953,59,60,70446Sanitary Services and Steam Supply0.0788% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.0759% 4010,4740433Railroads and Related Services0.0758% 7941486Commercial Sports Except Racing0.0737% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.0722% 2865,9190Cyclic CrudesInterm. & Indus. Organic Chem.0.0648% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.0586% 2873,4202Nitrogenous and Phosphatic Fert ilizers0.0559% 2899209Chemical PreparationsN.E.C0.0492% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.0456% 8220496CollegesUniversitiesSchools0.0452% 4920444Gas Production and Distribution0.0428%

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18 Research, Development and Testing Services Industries in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Research, Development and Testing Services industries and their supplier-industries. The Research, Development and Testing Services (IMPLAN sector 509) contains the Biotech segment (SIC 8731 – Commercial Physical and Biological Research) of the proposed primary industries for the cluster. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Research, Development and Testing Services industries. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Computer and data Processing Services Management and Consulting Services Other Business Services Engineering – Architectural Services Real Estate Personnel Supply Services Accounting, Auditing and Bookkeeping Communications – except Radio and TV Wholesale Trade Banking Research, Development and Testing Services There is a relatively strong intra-segment supplier-link within the Research, Development and Testing major industry group, as evidenced by the group emerging as a Tier 1 supplier to itself. See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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19 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact1-Apr-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 509 SIC 8730 Research & Development SICIMPLAN CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services7.4239% 8740508Management and Consulting Services4.0795% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services3.6413% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services3.4694% 6500462Real Estate3.1065% 7360474Personnel Supply Services2.5480% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping2.0848% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV2.0365% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade1.7512% 6000456Banking1.7055% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services1.5814% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities0.9685% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.9273% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing0.8442% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.8081% 8110494Legal Services0.7685% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.6271% 4910443Electric Services0.5724% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.5558% TIER 3 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.4684% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.4144% 7340472Services To Buildings0.3373% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.3197% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.2860% 3210,29,30230Glass and Glass ProductsExc Containers0.2808% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.2689% 147544Phosphate Rock0.2586% 2710174Newspapers0.2495% 2750179Commercial Printing0.2438% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.2425% 4500437Air Transportation0.2367% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.2106% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.2078% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.1952% 2720175Periodicals0.1738% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.1450% 2843198Surface Active Agents0.1288% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1201% 7310469Advertising0.1196% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.0.1159% 3625359Relays & Industrial Controls0.1094% 0271,729Miscellaneous Livestock0.1013% 4953,59,60,70446Sanitary Services and Steam Supply0.0985% 078027Landscape and Horticultural Services0.0921% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards0.0899% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.0885% 7620480Electrical Repair Service0.0870% 7800483Motion Pictures0.0762% 3544,5321Special Dies and Tools and Accessories0.0748% 5500451Automotive Dealers & Service Stations0.0722% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.0695%

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20 Gaskets, Packing and Sealing Devices Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next under) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Gaskets, Packing and Sealing Devices industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Gaskets, Packing and Sealing Devices industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Synthetic Rubber Wholesale Trade Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing Banking Computer and Data Processing Services Real Estate Plastics Materials and Resins Electric Services Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Communications except Radio and TV Personnel Supply Services See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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21 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact8-Apr-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 M illion ch ange in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 218 SIC 3053 Gaskets, Packing, and SICIMPLANSealing Devices CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 2822192Synthetic Rubber6.2320% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade5.4633% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing3.3166% 6000456Banking1.8543% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.5667% 6500462Real Estate1.5051% 2821191Plastics Materials and Resins1.4949% 4910443Electric Services1.4566% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.1679% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.1473% 7360474Personnel Supply Services1.1143% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.9885% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services0.9762% 4400436Water Transportation0.9241% 2499147Wood ProductsN.E.C0.9152% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.7878% 147544Phosphate Rock0.7764% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping0.5882% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.5115% TIER 3 8110494Legal Services0.4973% 4010,4740433Railroads and Related Services0.4810% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.4757% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.4592% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.4563% 2710174Newspapers0.3631% 7340472Services To Buildings0.3421% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.3364% 2865,9190Cyclic CrudesInterm. & Indus. Organic Chem.0.3361% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.3318% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.3248% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.3236% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.3164% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.3142% 4500437Air Transportation0.3085% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.2946% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.2488% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.2263% 2750179Commercial Printing0.2165% 2720175Periodicals0.2126% 2843198Surface Active Agents0.2100% 4953,59,60,70446Sanitary Services and Steam Supply0.1973% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.1896% 2819189Inorganic Chemicals Nec.0.1877% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1751% 7310469Advertising0.1735% 4920444Gas Production and Distribution0.1707% 3544,5321Special Dies and Tools and Accessories0.1596% 2873,4202Nitrogenous and Phosphatic Fert ilizers0.1486% 3495,6304Miscellaneous Fabricated Wire Products0.1454% 511State and Local Electric Utilities0.1430% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.1143%

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22 Fabricated Rubber Products (not elsewhere classified) Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next under) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Fabricated Rubber Products (not elsewhere classified) industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Fabricated Rubber Products (not elsewhere classified) industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Synthetic Rubber Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing Phosphate Rock Banking Electric Services Computer and Data Processing Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Real Estate Plastics Materials and Resins Other Business Services Engineering – Architectural Services See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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23 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact8-Apr-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 219 SIC 3061 Fabricated Rubber SICIMPLANProducts, NEC CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade7.2662% 2822192Synthetic Rubber6.5753% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing3.3362% 147544Phosphate Rock2.1072% 6000456Banking1.6925% 4910443Electric Services1.5375% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.3391% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.3112% 6500462Real Estate1.2519% 2821191Plastics Materials and Resins1.2133% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services1.1022% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services1.0504% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 7360474Personnel Supply Services0.9538% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV0.8300% 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.7810% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.7800% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.6862% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.6239% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping0.6196% 2865,9190Cyclic CrudesInterm. & Indus. Organic Chem.0.5717% 4010,4740433Railroads and Related Services0.5687% TIER 3 8110494Legal Services0.4630% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.4129% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.3981% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.3899% 2873,4202Nitrogenous and Phosphatic Fert ilizers0.3829% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.3462% 2710174Newspapers0.3298% 2819189Inorganic Chemicals Nec.0.3192% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.3121% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.3057% 4400436Water Transportation0.3040% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.3021% 7340472Services To Buildings0.2913% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.2837% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.2549% 4500437Air Transportation0.2545% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.2536% 4920444Gas Production and Distribution0.2532% 4953,59,60,70446Sanitary Services and Steam Supply0.2518% 2843198Surface Active Agents0.2279% 2750179Commercial Printing0.2271% 2899209Chemical PreparationsN.E.C0.2140% 3469294Metal StampingsN.E.C.0.2114% 2720175Periodicals0.1960% 7310469Advertising0.1566% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1566% 511State and Local Electric Ut ilities0.1507% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.1492% 7620480Electrical Repair Service0.1171% 3544,5321Special Dies and Tools and Accessories0.1000%

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24 Mechanical Measuring Devices Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Mechanical Measuring Devices industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Mechanical Measuring Devices industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Electron Components – not elsewhere classified Printed Circuit Boards Computer and Data Processing Services Banking Real Estate Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Communications – except Radio and TV See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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25 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 403 SIC 3829++ Mechanical Measuring SICIMPLANDevices CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade6.9458% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.3.6390% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards2.8216% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.7503% 6000456Banking1.5324% 6500462Real Estate1.3304% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.0258% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.0126% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services0.9988% 7360474Personnel Supply Services0.8152% 3571339Electronic Computers0.7634% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing0.7227% 4910443Electric Services0.6614% 2710174Newspapers0.6373% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.6308% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.6139% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.6106% 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.6031% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.5475% 8110494Legal Services0.5422% TIER 3 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping0.4841% 2750179Commercial Printing0.4507% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.4499% 2720175Periodicals0.3713% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.3496% 7310469Advertising0.3014% 3625359Relays & Industrial Controls0.2962% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.2906% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.2808% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.2694% 7340472Services To Buildings0.2645% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.2586% 4500437Air Transportation0.2524% 3469294Metal StampingsN.E.C.0.2281% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.1997% 3825404Instruments To Measure Electricity0.1975% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.1972% 3450289Screw Machine Products and BoltsEtc.0.1916% 3823,4,9403Mechanical Measuring Devices0.1639% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.1634% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.1619% 3210,29,30230Glass and Glass ProductsExc Containers0.1487% 7800483Motion Pictures0.1466% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.1369% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.1350% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.1318% 2821191Plastics Materials and Resins0.1277% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1268% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.1233% 3471295Plating and Polishing0.1155% 3544,5321Special Dies and Tools and Accessories0.1028%

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26 Analytical Instruments Industry in Tampa Bay There was no firm in the Laboratory Analytical Instruments industry (SIC 3826) operating in Tampa Bay in 1999. However, ES202 data for first and second quarters of 2001 (most recent data available) reflects a firm now operating in this industry in Tampa Bay.

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27 Optical Instruments and Lenses Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Optical Instruments and Lenses industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Optical Instruments and Lenses industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Accounting, Auditing and Bookkeeping Wholesale Trade Electronic Components – not elsewhere classified Printed Circuit Boards Computer and Data Processing Services Banking Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Real Estate Glass and Glass Products – excluding Containers Communications – except Radio and TV Other Business Services See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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28 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 406 SIC 3827 Optical Instruments SICIMPLAN& Lenses CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping5.5756% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade4.7324% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.3.4634% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards2.6855% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.6685% 6000456Banking1.3830% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.2924% 6500462Real Estate1.2720% 3210,29,30230Glass and Glass ProductsExc Containers1.2172% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.1658% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services1.1497% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 7360474Personnel Supply Services0.8256% 3571339Electronic Computers0.7084% 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.6819% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing0.6745% 2710174Newspapers0.6657% 4910443Electric Services0.6571% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.5848% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.5788% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.5767% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.5681% 8110494Legal Services0.5547% TIER 3 3469294Metal StampingsN.E.C.0.4512% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.4354% 2720175Periodicals0.3880% 2750179Commercial Printing0.3797% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.3602% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.3206% 7310469Advertising0.3175% 7340472Services To Buildings0.2770% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.2623% 3825404Instruments To Measure Electricity0.2228% 4500437Air Transportation0.2040% 3827406Optical Instruments & Lenses0.1873% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.1662% 3450289Screw Machine Products and BoltsEtc.0.1648% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.1610% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.1602% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.1457% 7800483Motion Pictures0.1457% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.1441% 3471295Plating and Polishing0.1427% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.1401% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.1389% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.1266% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.1264% 3625359Relays & Industrial Controls0.1244% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.1240% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1081% 3845411Electromedical Apparatus0.1030% 078027Landscape and Horticultural Services0.0929%

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29 Surgical and Medical Instruments Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Surgical and Medical Instruments industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Surgical and Medical Instruments industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Surgical Appliances and Supplies Real Estate Banking Legal Services Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Paperboard containers and Boxes Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing Communications – except Radio and TV Other Business Services Electronic Components – not elsewhere classified Computer and Data processing Services Personnel Supply Services Surgical and Medical Instruments Management and Consulting Services There is a relatively strong intra-industry supplier-link within the Surgical and Medical Instruments industry, as evidenced by the industry emerging as a Tier 1 supplier to itself. Also, within the Medical Devices segment, the Surgical Appliances and Supplies industry is a Tier 1 supplier for the Surgical and Medical Instruments industry – and vice versa. (See the table for the Surgical Appliances and Supplies industry.) This is indicative of a substantial link between these primary industries. See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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30 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 407 SIC 3841 Surgical & Medical SICIMPLANInstruments CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade9.0129% 3842408Surgical Appliances and Supplies5.8407% 6500462Real Estate2.1328% 6000456Banking2.0166% 8110494Legal Services1.9057% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.8194% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes1.6549% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing1.5807% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.4783% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services1.3444% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.1.2231% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.1887% 7360474Personnel Supply Services1.1706% 3841407Surgical and Medical Instrument1.0871% 8740508Management and Consulting Services1.0177% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 4910443Electric Services0.9738% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards0.9483% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.9226% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.8707% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.8496% 3469294Metal StampingsN.E.C.0.6213% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping0.5926% 2710174Newspapers0.5754% TIER 3 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.4971% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.4675% 2821191Plastics Materials and Resins0.4536% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.4171% 7340472Services To Buildings0.3911% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.3816% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.3674% 2720175Periodicals0.3486% 2750179Commercial Printing0.3432% 4500437Air Transportation0.3187% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.2929% 7310469Advertising0.2741% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.2641% 8330498Job Trainings & Related Services0.2589% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.2480% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.2303% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.2053% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.1996% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.1884% 4010,4740433Railroads and Related Services0.1834% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1815% 3479296Metal Coating and Allied Services0.1732% 3450289Screw Machine Products and BoltsEtc.0.1713% 4953,59,60,70446Sanitary Services and Steam Supply0.1436% 7800483Motion Pictures0.1360% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.1308% 5500451Automotive Dealers & Service Stations0.1219% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.1217%

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31 Surgical Appliances and Supplies Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Surgical Appliances and Supplies industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Surgical Appliances and Supplies industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Surgical Appliances and Supplies Paperboard Containers and Boxes Job Trainings and Related Services Banking Real Estate Legal Services Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing Surgical and Medical Instruments Other Business services Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Computer and Data Processing Services Communications – Except Radio and TV Personnel Supply Services Electronic Components – not elsewhere classified There is a relatively strong intra-industry supplier-link within the Surgical Appliances and Supplies industry, as evidenced by the industry emerging as a Tier 1 supplier to itself. Also, with the Medical Devices segment, the Surgical and Medical Instruments industry is a Tier 1 supplier for the Surgical Appliances and Supplies industry – and vice versa. (See the table for the Surgical and Medical Instruments industry.) This is indicative of a substantial link between these primary industries. See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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32 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 408 SIC 3842 Surgical Appliances SICIMPLAN& Supplies CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade5.5787% 3842408Surgical Appliances and Supplies4.8931% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes2.5212% 8330498Job Trainings & Related Services2.3451% 6000456Banking2.1873% 6500462Real Estate2.1494% 8110494Legal Services1.9419% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing1.9084% 3841407Surgical and Medical Instrument1.7274% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services1.7001% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.6023% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.5055% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.3588% 7360474Personnel Supply Services1.2932% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.1.0926% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.9935% 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.9715% 2710174Newspapers0.9641% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.9392% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards0.8472% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.8342% 4910443Electric Services0.8197% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping0.7004% 2720175Periodicals0.5758% 3469294Metal StampingsN.E.C.0.5683% 2750179Commercial Printing0.5570% TIER 3 5800454Eating & Drinking0.4927% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.4611% 7310469Advertising0.4594% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.4584% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.3886% 4500437Air Transportation0.3855% 2821191Plastics Materials and Resins0.3563% 7340472Services To Buildings0.3328% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.3269% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.3067% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.2748% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.2416% 7800483Motion Pictures0.2216% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.2201% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.2115% 4010,4740433Railroads and Related Services0.1929% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1825% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.1762% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.1742% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.1625% 5500451Automotive Dealers & Service Stations0.1598% 3479296Metal Coating and Allied Services0.1566% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.1418% 4953,59,60,70446Sanitary Services and Steam Supply0.1211% 3993429Signs and Advertising Displays0.1172%

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33 Dental Equipment and Supplies Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Dental Equipment and Supplies industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Dental Equipment and Supplies industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing Real Estate Computer and Data Processing Services Banking Communications – except Radio and TV Paperboard Containers and Boxes Other Business Services Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Job Trainings and Related Services Newspapers Legal Services Radio and TV Broadcasting Personnel Supply Services See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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34 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 409 SIC 3843 Dental Equipment SICIMPLAN& Supplies CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade15.8925% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing2.2294% 6500462Real Estate2.1002% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.9673% 6000456Banking1.9517% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.6759% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes1.6023% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services1.5454% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.5164% 8330498Job Trainings & Related Services1.3430% 2710174Newspapers1.2536% 8110494Legal Services1.2376% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting1.0857% 7360474Personnel Supply Services1.0398% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 147544Phosphate Rock0.8310% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.8023% 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.7950% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.7442% 2720175Periodicals0.7309% 4910443Electric Services0.7275% 2750179Commercial Printing0.7179% 7310469Advertising0.5974% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping0.5910% TIER 3 3210,29,30230Glass and Glass ProductsExc Containers0.4509% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.4215% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.4143% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.3566% 7800483Motion Pictures0.3550% 7340472Services To Buildings0.3369% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.3029% 3845411Electromedical Apparatus0.3020% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.0.2739% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.2703% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.2608% 4010,4740433Railroads and Related Services0.2596% 4500437Air Transportation0.2572% 2821191Plastics Materials and Resins0.2472% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.2456% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.2160% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards0.2124% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.1920% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.1832% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.1749% 2865,9190Cyclic CrudesInterm. & Indus. Organic Chem.0.1726% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.1716% 3450289Screw Machine Products and BoltsEtc.0.1618% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.1584% 2873,4202Nitrogenous and Phosphatic Fert ilizers0.1544% 3993429Signs and Advertising Displays0.1514% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.1512% 3844410X-Ray Apparatus0.1482%

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35 X-ray Apparatus Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the X-ray Apparatus industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the X-ray Apparatus industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Electronic Components – not elsewhere classified Printed Circuit Boards Banking Real Estate Communications – except Radio and TV Legal Services Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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36 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 410 SIC 3844 X-Ray Apparatus SICIMPLAN CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade10.1279% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.7.8382% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards6.0776% 6000456Banking1.8368% 6500462Real Estate1.5795% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.4733% 8110494Legal Services1.3460% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.1666% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 7360474Personnel Supply Services0.9804% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.9223% 3479296Metal Coating and Allied Services0.8501% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services0.8427% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services0.8182% 3469294Metal StampingsN.E.C.0.7774% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.7726% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.7363% 3571339Electronic Computers0.7184% 4910443Electric Services0.6846% 3572340Computer Storage Devices0.6294% 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.6098% 2710174Newspapers0.5793% 3845411Electromedical Apparatus0.5402% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.5017% TIER 3 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing0.4631% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping0.4312% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.4221% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.3640% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.3523% 2750179Commercial Printing0.3494% 2720175Periodicals0.3379% 3450289Screw Machine Products and BoltsEtc.0.3254% 7340472Services To Buildings0.3040% 4500437Air Transportation0.2913% 7310469Advertising0.2762% 3625359Relays & Industrial Controls0.2736% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.2650% 3671375Electron Tubes0.2441% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.1966% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.1961% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1730% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.1554% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.1549% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.1505% 3577342Computer Peripheral Equipment-0.1398% 3812400Search & Navigation Equipment0.1284% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.1255% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.1251% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.1224% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.1207% 3669374Communications Equipment N.E.C.0.1196% 7800483Motion Pictures0.1175%

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37 Electromedical Apparatus Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Electromedical Apparatus industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Electromedical Apparatus industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Electronic Components – not elsewhere classified Printed Circuit Boards Banking Legal Services Computer and Data Processing Services Communications – except Radio and TV Real Estate Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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38 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 411 SIC 3845 Electromedical Apparatus SICIMPLAN CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade8.5949% 3675,6,7,8,9378Electronic ComponentsN.E.C.5.4755% 3672376Printed Circuit Boards4.2456% 6000456Banking1.7510% 8110494Legal Services1.7175% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services1.3431% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.3428% 6500462Real Estate1.3067% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.2984% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services0.9333% 3572340Computer Storage Devices0.8824% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.8530% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.7792% 7360474Personnel Supply Services0.7497% 2710174Newspapers0.7229% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.7206% 3571339Electronic Computers0.7195% 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.6692% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping0.6408% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting0.6262% 3479296Metal Coating and Allied Services0.5858% 8740508Management and Consulting Services0.5730% 4910443Electric Services0.5615% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing0.5008% TIER 3 2750179Commercial Printing0.4216% 2720175Periodicals0.4210% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.4103% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.3985% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.3927% 7310469Advertising0.3446% 4500437Air Transportation0.3207% 3845411Electromedical Apparatus0.2921% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.2503% 3469294Metal StampingsN.E.C.0.2254% 7340472Services To Buildings0.2243% 3625359Relays & Industrial Controls0.2101% 3577342Computer Peripheral Equipment-0.1960% 7800483Motion Pictures0.1662% 3450289Screw Machine Products and BoltsEtc.0.1636% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.1577% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.1562% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.1537% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.1520% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.1467% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.1449% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.1369% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.1336% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.1311% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1229% 3661372Telephone and Telegraph Apparatus0.1217% 3812400Search & Navigation Equipment0.0925%

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39 Ophthalmic Goods Industry in Tampa Bay The following table (next page) summarizes the inter-industry relationships between the Ophthalmic Goods industry and its supplier-industries. The percentages listed are the percent of increased output in a supplier-industry relative to increased output in the Ophthalmic Goods industry. The Tier 1 links, in order of “magnitude of clustering,” are: Wholesale Trade Newspapers Other Business Services Radio and TV Broadcasting Glass and Glass Products – excluding Containers Maintenance and Repair Other Facilities Communications – except Radio and TV Real Estate Banking Periodicals Commercial Printing Management and Consulting Services See the table (next page) for Tier 2 and Tier 3 linkages.

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40 Tampa BayIndirect Output Effect resulting from a change in Direct Output for Primary Industry Output Impact28-Jan-02 Implan Model: Medical1999.iap Type II Multipliers w/ RPC's 100% 1st round Indirect Output Effect as a percent of $100 Million cha nge in Direct Output Copyright MIG2001Primary Industry: IMPLAN 412 SIC 3850 Ophthalmic Goods SICIMPLAN CodeIndustryDescription TIER 1: >1% 5000,5100447Wholesale Trade3.7099% 2710174Newspapers2.0665% 7320,31,38,83,89470Other Business Services2.0034% 4830442Radio and TV Broadcasting1.7906% 3210,29,30230Glass and Glass ProductsExc Containers1.7342% 56Maintenance and Repair Other Fac ilities1.6787% 4810,20,40,90441CommunicationsExcept Radio and TV1.2359% 6500462Real Estate1.2339% 6000456Banking1.2097% 2720175Periodicals1.2086% 2750179Commercial Printing1.1356% 8740508Management and Consulting Services1.0900% TIER 2: 0.5%-1% 4200435Motor Freight Transport and Warehousing0.9856% 7310469Advertising0.9854% 7360474Personnel Supply Services0.9598% 7370475Computer and Data Processing Services0.8939% 2650164Paperboard Containers and Boxes0.6908% 4910443Electric Services0.6470% 8730509ResearchDevelopment & Testing Services0.5462% 3845411Electromedical Apparatus0.5382% 8720,8990507AccountingAuditing and Bookkeeping0.5367% TIER 3 512Other State and Local Govt Enterprises0.4851% 7000463Hotels and Lodging Places0.4653% 7800483Motion Pictures0.4449% 2821191Plastics Materials and Resins0.4439% 2740178Miscellaneous Publishing0.4437% 7350473Equipment Rental and Leasing0.3945% 6100,6710,20,33,90457Credit Agencies0.3745% 7334,5,6,7384471PhotofinishingCommercial Photography0.3426% 5800454Eating & Drinking0.3278% 7340472Services To Buildings0.2645% 4311513U.S. Postal Service0.2564% 3993429Signs and Advertising Displays0.2490% 8710506EngineeringArchitectural Services0.2393% 7510477Automobile Rental and Leasing0.2391% 6200458Security and Commodity Brokers0.2298% 8110494Legal Services0.2177% 4500437Air Transportation0.2097% 7530,49479Automobile Repair and Services0.1901% 3850412Ophthalmic Goods0.1736% 7381,2476Detective and Protective Services0.1697% 7941486Commercial Sports Except Racing0.1485% 3544,5321Special Dies and Tools and Accessories0.1472% 7690482Miscellaneous Repair Shops0.1414% 3827406Optical Instruments & Lenses0.1345% 6300459Insurance Carriers0.1332% 4010,4740433Railroads and Related Services0.1177% 55Maintenance and RepairResidential0.1139% 4953,59,60,70446Sanitary Services and Steam Supply0.0837% 7920484Theatrical ProducersBands Etc.0.0784% 147544Phosphate Rock0.0772%