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Fort San Carlos' yo-yo ownership
h [electronic resource] /
by Hampton Dunn.
1 online resource (2 p.) :
Title from caption on PDF of p.1 (viewed July 16, 2010).
At head of title: Photouring Florida.
Typescript of Photouring Florida column that describes the Spanish, French, and English rivalries to control Fort San Carlos (near present-day Pensacola).
Fort San Carlos de Barrancas (Fla.)
Description and travel.
t Hampton Dunn Photouring Florida collection.
e07 FORT SAN CARLOS' YO YO OWNERSHIP By HAMPTON DUNN PENSACOLA -On the reservation of the U. S. Naval Air Sta tion here stands the sturdy Fort San Carlos, whose colorful history dates back to the earliest development of Florida, and has had many "owners." As the Spanish sought to strengthen their position in the new world, a colonial expedition led by Adm. Don Andres de Arriola landed in the mid 1690s. The body of 300 soldiers immediately built Fort San Carlos, naming it in honor of Spain's King Charles II The French, keen rivals of the Spanish, touched down at Pen sacola about this time but moved along to settle in Mississippi and New Orleans. This co existence didn't last long. In 1719, as war raged in Europe, the French surprised the Spaniards in Pensa cola, who capitulated. But the Spanish got reinforcements from Havana and Fort San Carlos was recaptured. Subsequently, however, the French regained Pensacola in a bloody battle. The fort was burned in the process. Finally, the city was restored to Spanish control in 1723. England erected a fort on the site in 1771, but it was de stroyed by the Spanish when they regained West Florida in 1783. A new San Carlos was built, a massive 100 x 100 foot semi circular fort built of handmade bricks with a dry moat, a nd finished in 1790. In 1814 it was lost to the English and then to the United States, who returned it to Spain after the War of 1812. The historic fort was again taken for the U. S. in 1818, after an Indian uprising by doughty Gen. Andrew Jackson.