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g13 DID CIVIL WAR SHOOTING BEGIN IN FLORIDA? By HAMPTON DUNN PENSACOLA BEACH --Some historians will tell you the first shots of the Civil War were fired here at Fort Pickens, quite some time before the flareup at Fort Sumpter. During the tense times betwe en the time Florida seceded from the Union, Jan. 10, 1861, and the full fledged war, there was considerable maneuvering going on. A young Lieutenant decided it would be better for the U.S. to take over and hold Fort Pickens, since it commands the whole Pen sacola harbor and there were not enough Federals to save the Navy Yard, Fort Barrancas and other properties. The Confed erates actually had a truce with the U.S., that they would not attack Pickens if the Union didn't try to reinforce it. The South felt Pi ckens "is not worth one drop of blood to us. Bloodshed may be fatal to our cause." Later the Federals violated the truce, President Lincoln not feeling bound by pledges of the former administration. In the meantime, there had been shots exchanged. Fort Pi ckens was built in 1834 on orders of President Adams. It was construc ted under the supervision of Capt. William H. Chase, army engineer who later, as a Confederate general, was ordered to capture the fort, but failed. The Battle of Santa Rosa Island was f ought here in October; the Confederates lost, and later aban doned all of Pensacola area. Pickens became a military prison. One of the most famous prisoners was Geron imo, the Apache Indian marauder, who was kept here from 1886 until 1888. He was so fierc e looking, Pensacola parents disciplined unruly children by threatening to put them in a cell with Geronimo.
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Did Civil War shooting begin in Florida?
h [electronic resource] /
by Hampton Dunn.
1 online resource (2 p.) :
Title from caption on PDF of p.1 (viewed July 21, 2010).
At head of title: Photouring Florida.
Typescript of Photouring Florida column that describes the skirmish at Fort Pickens, near Pensacola Beach, in early 1861.
Fort Pickens (Fla.)
Fort Pickens (Fla.)
Description and travel.
t Hampton Dunn Photouring Florida collection.