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The sorry deal under the "treaty oak"
h [electronic resource] /
by Hampton Dunn.
1 online resource (2 p.) :
Title from caption on PDF of p.1 (viewed July 27, 2010).
At head of title: Photouring Florida.
Typescript of Photouring Florida column that describes the treaty of Moultrie Creek.
t Hampton Dunn Photouring Florida collection.
j12 THE SORRY DEAL UNDER THE TREATY OAK By HAMPTON DUNN ST. AUGUSTINE --The sprawling oak at the second landing place on the north bank of Moultrie Creek, about five miles south of St. Augustine, looks like many other oaks in the Sunshine State, but this o ne is historically significant. This is where the Indians got one of their worse deals from the white man in the "Treaty of Moultrie Creek." The happening out at the creek during that hot September of 1823 attracted numerous civilians from town, curiosity seekers. Andrew Jackson had gone back to his beautiful "Hermitage" plantation in Nashville, and his successor, Gov. William P. DuVal, was dealing with the red men. DuVal had the respect of the Seminoles, who felt he did not talk with a "forked tongue." Th e whites offered the many Indian chiefs present, led by Neamathla, a reservation stretching from north of the With lacoochee River to Charlotte Harbor and Lake Okeechobee on the south. They rattled their sabers to get the message to the Indians they'd bett er accept, or else. DuVal was not aware of the terrain he was moving the Indians to. Later he in spected it and agreed, "It is by far the poorest and most miserable region I ever beheld." The chiefs complained: "We hope you will not send us south to a cou ntry where neither the hickory nut, the acorn nor the persimmon grows..." The treaty was signed on Sept. 18, 1823. The Federal Government appropriated large sums of cash to help finance the move. Historians say: "Unfortunately, the government agents got m ost of this money."