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[Anlisis de patrones para Monteverde y Cerro Plano]
[Pattern analysis for Monteverde and Cerro Plano]
A summary of the problems, discussion, and solutions in creating green neighborhoods and strong town centers, art and cultural facilities and activities, spaces for recreational activities, low impact eco-tourism opportunities, and preserving the rural character while balancing development.
Un resumen de los problemas, discusiones, y soluciones en crear vecindades verdes y centros comunales fuertes, facilidades y actividades de arte y culturales, espacios para actividades recreacionales, oportunidades de bajo impacto de eco-turismo, y preservando el carcter rural mientras se balancea el desarrollo.
Strategic planning--Costa Rica--Cerro Plano, Monteverde, Puntarenas
Strategic planning--Costa Rica--Monteverde, Puntarenas
Sustainable Futures 2004
t Sustainable Futures
Pattern: Green Neighborhoods Problem: Rural environments in transition from pri marily agricultural to other economic foundations with higher population densities have t o provide space for housing and a variety of community and commercial structures. Discussion: When these structures are dispersed in can ruin the Rural Character of the agricultural landscape, cause increased traffic, an d create sprawling settlement patterns with high economic, social, and environmental costs If these structures are concentrated they can also cause environmental problems based on the treatment of waste water and storm water management. Population growth based on new arrivals not just normal family growth means new people to integrate into th e local cultures, may involve increases in crime, and may also force concentratio ns based on land availability and land tenure issues. Therefore: Develop small neighborhood enclaves that are dense and: 1. sited in relation to a network of green forest patc hes and open spaces to help preserve the historic rural character 2. Maintain the security provided by neighbors who are close and well known to you. 3. Provide for shared waste water treatment (about fou r houses to one system) to significantly reduce the costs per house). 4. Provide for convenient walking access to central co mmercial, recreational, educational, and cultural facilities to minimize tr affic congestion. Insert Lynns residential design and show Trends t ail network
Strong Centers Problem: Divided land use that separates residenti al areas from commercial and cultural facilities create increased land use, increases tra ffic among destinations, and reduces the viability of both commercial and other areas. Discussion: Mixed use centers in the hierarchy of centers set up walking communities where residents contribute to the security of comme rcial areas and commercial areas contribute to the convenience of residential living with easy access to services and cultural facilities. Strong centers also establish the potential for efficiencies in public transit, waste management, and the possibility for public life and democracy. Therefore: Create vital mixed use community center s where green neighborhoods are walking distance from commercial and cultural facil ities. Insert Cerro Plano center design from Christina
Art and Culture Problem: Every community has unique qualities to c elebrate as part of its identification of itself and presentation of self to those who cho ose to live there. The uniqueness is often balanced with special qualities of other comm unity centers forging a regional identity. Without such an identity the community and its region loose a part of what they define as the values of the place. Discussion: In Cerro Plano a series of new art and cultural facilities and events have emerged as the community has grown. Several member s of the community have suggested that such activity is part of the communi ty process of self definition. If the unique qualities are not supported and reinforced t he community will become ordinary and lack the special qualities that help create com munity pride and the social capital needed to maintain it. Therefore: Build on the unique qualities of a comm unity. In Cerro Plano such qualities might include respect of and reinforcement for the new art and culture facilities and activities. Insert images from PowerPoint on recreation and cul ture
Recreational Activities Problem: Every community needs a variety of places for the children of all ages to play together. Discussion: While football is very popular and imp ortant many other recreational opportunities also need to be provided to support b oth a strong mixed use community center and the residential neighborhoods that surro und it. In communities and in families where children are no longer part of the core work unit that manages a farm, the need to provide alternatives to farm labor are critical to keep the children engaged in family life and with each other in positive opportunities for r ecreation. Therefore: Provide multiple opportunities for smal l and large group play in both the community center and in the surrounding residential neighborhoods. Place the areas so they are clearly visible to the community and the r esidential community. Insert Bull ring example and Lynns residential ope n space plan
Education and eco-tourism Problem: Monteverdi has been redefining itself fro m a dairy farming community to one largely vested in high quality educational and ecotourism. But change is hard and the transition requires many choices be made to protect the quality and opportunity such a transition requires. Discussion: Tourists in general can leave a large ecological footprint. Educational tourists and especially eco-tourists, well managed, can be directed to minimize such a foot print making a much smaller demand on the envi ronment and the community for their visit. Therefore: Create facilities for low impact educat ional and eco tourism to sustain this trend, leaving the adventure tourism and more dispe rsed recreational tourism to other parts of the District. In so doing we preserve Mon teverdis unique character as far into the future as possible and we make the transition e asier for existing community members. Bias MVI
Preserve Rural Character Balanced with Development Problem: With the increase in tourism in Monteverd i there is a threat that its unique brand of rural character will be lost and with it t he draw from eco-tourists that currently helps sustain it. Discussion: Much of what distinguishes Monteverdi from other areas in the District involve its view sheds, extensive forest cover comi ng to the road, and hidden development tucked away with a forest buffer betwee n it and the road. Therefore: Hide development in Monteverdi with for est cover except in parts of the vital mixed use urban center.
Vital Center Problem: Monteverdis public realm has been the si ngle road that links all its neighbors, but that road is now entertaining faster and much m ore dangerous traffic. It can no long serve as the social and commercial heart of the com munity. Discussion: Without common space and a reason to b e there often, the social life of a community can die, especially as it grows and as ne w people take root that are not steeped in the traditions of the community. Common space is both a destination and the way to other places that is clearly not owned by an y one commercial enterprise or dominated by any one age group or type of visitor ( tourist or resident). Therefore: Create a vital heart to Monteverde where all are invited, where there are enough activities to create a critical mass of peop le meeting in the common areas, and where the range of experiences appeals to eco-touri sts, short stay teachers in the District, and existing residents. Insert Susans graphic of the center of Monteverde
Put The Car Away Problem: Large expanses of parking defeat the inte ntion of preserving the rural character of the area and overstate the importance of the aut omobile. Discussion: Large parking lots tend to create larg e impervious hardscape and drainage problems, they are often ugly intrusions in the lan dscape and tend to create congestion. Therefore: Create small areas for parking that are well landscaped, hidden behind buildings or in the forest when possible, and when they are on the road, limited to not more than four cars before a landscape feature brea ks up the line of the cars.