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8/5/04 DISTRICT OF MONTEVERDE PATTERNS Pattern: Hierarchy of Healthy Town Centers Problem: For a region to have only one center means that people have to travel too far to get their basic needs met and subcultures and distinct locales are difficult to form. Problem/Evidence: Regions should be a mosaic of sma ller town centers with one major regional center. The regional center will have the greatest population density an house the major institutions such as the health clinic, governmenta l offices, major commercial and tourism centers, resources that do not need to be duplicate d in more than one location. They, along with other town centers, should accommodate the daily li fe of a community. In Costa Rica, a traditional town center will include: Church School Plaza Salon Futbol Field and other recreational opportunities Commercial Center, esp. pulperia To be healthy, there needs to be a range of activit ies and services and the population density to support the institutions and commercial enterprises A healthy town center also requires attention to environmental systems so that it does not pollute. Therefore: Reinforce emerging and existing town cen ters by focusing development in those areas that already have some of the resources. As much a s possible, locate new housing in these areas as well.
Pattern: Public Life: Spaces, Common Land and Com munity Facilities Problem: It is not possible for a community to gath er together for common events, conversations and for informal contact unless there are public s paces that support such activities. Context/Evidence Communities do not consist of individuals and a gov ernmental structure. There are many layers of community life in between these two extremes whe re groups and subgroups of people gather together. Sometimes this occurs in institutional o r private settings such as churches and restaurants. But these spaces are not public t hey are limited by membership or ability to pay. So it is critical for a good public life and a demo cratic society to have spaces for the public to be in each others company. This can be for a public event such as a holiday, or it can be for informal contact while attending to other activitie s such as shopping. Therefore: Include spaces for public life such as p ublic plazas, well designed streets, common lands such as parks or shared resources, trails thr ough the forest, and community
Pattern: Pedestrian Safety and Accessibility Problem: Walking along roadways is dangerous in ma ny places in Monteverde. Further, there are people who cannot maneuver along the roads beca use of age or disability. Context/Evidence: As cars increase, each municipality has the respons ibility to provide safety for pedestrians those people who because of age, income, ability, e tc., do not have access to a car. With a paved road and increased traffic speed, it is critical to design special places for pedestrians to include sidewalks, trails, and other pathways. But it is n ot enough to have special places because pedestrians have to cross roads and at times, must be in the street. It is therefore very important that the speed be controlled and the traffic calmed There are many techniques for slowing traffic and different designs of pedestrians ways t hat can be used in the creation of public streets. In addition, design public sidewalks and paths so t hat they are accessible for people with disabilities, using ramps, stairs with railings, an d other supports. Therefore: Use traffic calming techniques such a s narrow roads, speed humps (minimum 4 meters) and sight interrupters to keep the cars, bu ses, motos and cars civilized and to make the street safer for pedestrians. Include accessibilit y standards to facilitate use by people with disabilities.
Pattern: Public Transport System: Buses, Vans, Ro ving Taxis Problem: A good transportation system has to include diver se opportunities to move people and goods through a community. This means that in addi tion to providing roads for cars, there needs to be a public transport system useable by everyone Context/Evidence: Communities benefit greatly from well planned publi c transportation, especially in a tourist community like Monteverde where the cars and buses of visitors occupy so much of the limited public space. This can be accomplished by having a visitor center (illustrated at Los Llanos) with car parking and frequent buses to take tourist cars off the streets. It means that there needs to be frequent and regular bus and/or van loops to make it actually easier to travel by public transportation than by individual car. There are other means as well to include roving tax is that move through the community and pick people up when flagged down. This means that taxis are moving through the community regularly and can handle more than one trip at a ti me. It has also been suggested that the community devis ed a special type of transit that would appeal to tourist such as a trolley system, even if on w heels instead of rails. Therefore: Design public transportation system tha t allows people to use transit or other modes of transportation to eliminate the traffic congesti on, and protect the health and safety of all. This will also facilitate the tourist visitor who wishes to see the zone by facilitating their ease of access to many places.
Pattern: Green Networks Problem: People may live next to a forest but never have the opportunity to actually be in it. Context/Evidence: Living in sight of green spaces s uch as a forest and actually being able to visit it are two different matters. Sometimes the land i s privately owned or controlled and not accessible; at other times, there are simply no tra ils or ways to get into the green spaces. Besides, if it takes a special trip to get to the f orest, it will not be used often because peoples time is occupied with daily life. If it is important for people to know their heritag e and the natural systems they live in, then make it very easy for them to go into and through the gr een spaces on a daily bases: walking to school, or to commercial areas for shopping, and so on. Be sure that the trails are clean and safe, but with minimum intervention to the forest. Also, be sure that there are open spaces outdoors for recreation and passive walking. Therefore: Create a network of green spaces that ar e very close to where people are living making it possible for people to use trails in thei r daily life. In addition, use the green network t o tie together recreational spaces and forest fragmen ts into bio-corridors so that the green networks permeate the community.
Pattern: An Image of Green Problem: It is not enough to have set aside places for the forest if you want tourist to come and visit the area. If the approach to the forest or if the areas next to it are degraded and overbuilt, t he reputation of a place suffers and the economic well being of the region is at stake. Context/Evidence: When people visit an areas such a s Monteverde that is known for the ecology and forest, they expect to see the green long bef ore they enter the forest. The green image provides a broad tourist experience, announcing lon g before the visit to any reserve or tourist attraction, that this is a green community who care s about the natural systems. The image relies on many discrete things that may, in and of themselves, seem unimportant. But together they form a vision of a green region. Fo r example, if the stream corridors are filled with trash and eroded sediment with buildings right next to them, the communicates that the community does not care for its environment. If th e roads are all lined attractions without any green buffers and green corridors, it communicate a lack of concern to visitors. And if the green hills disappear, there is no sense of the green mou ntain. Therefore: Maintain a forest and green image by protecting streams, preserving forested vistas especially along ridges, and providing green road buffers wherever possible.
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Patrones del distrito de Monteverde
District of Monteverde Patterns
Summary of the problems, evidence of the problems, and proposed solutions to create amenable living situations for healthy town centers, public spaces. Pedestrian safety and accessibility, public transportation system, green networks are addressed.
Resumen de los problemas, evidencia de los problemas, y soluciones propuestas para crear situaciones de vida amenas para centros comunales saludables, espacios pblicos. Seguridad de peatones y accesibilidad, sistema de transporte pblico, enlace verde.
Strategic planning--Costa Rica--Monteverde, Puntarenas
Sustainable Futures 2004
t Sustainable Futures