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Los Llanos scenario planning outline

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Material Information

Title:
Los Llanos scenario planning outline
Translated Title:
Contorno del planeamiento del escenario de los Llanos ( )
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Monteverde Institute
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Strategic planning--Costa Rica--Los Llanos, Monteverde, Puntarenas
Community development
Economic development
Tourism
Population forecasting
Sustainable Futures 2007
Scenario planning
Genre:
Books/Reports/Directories
Books/Reports/Directories
letter   ( marcgt )

Notes

Summary:
Outline of topics of research for scenario plans.
Summary:
Contorno de asuntos de la investigación para planes del escenario.
Language:
English

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - M37-00258
usfldc handle - m37.258
System ID:
SFS0000955:00001


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Community development
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Population forecasting
Sustainable Futures 2007
Scenario planning
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PAGE 1

July 10, 2007 Los Llanos Scenario Planning Outline Scale or Context Population o Los Llanos o Monteverde District Physical Development o Los Llanos o Santa Elena Context o Monteverde Context Traffic o Los Llanos o Santa Elena Context o Monteverde Context Economy o Los Llanos o Santa Elena Context o Monteverde Context Government Institutions o Los Llanos o Monteverde Context Waste and Water Management o Los Llanos o Monteverde Context Natural Resources o Los Llanos o Monteverde Context o Bioregion Context Visuals Available o Visuals Needed o Los Llanos, Context Map (Monteverde and centers), B io Region Map, Watershed Map, Cost Rica Map o For scenario Plans Comparative development patterns Comparative residential site plans Comparative Commercial site plans Projections Population Development Associated Increases o Traffic

PAGE 2

o Waste and Water (Potable and Waste Water) o School o Clinic o Loss of Open Space/Farmland Scenario Topics Population o Totals o Age/Sex o Education o Workforce o Family Type o Poverty o Housing Development o Physical Development Patterns o Housing Type, Density, Workforce Housing, Student, Female H eaded Household, o Commercial Growth/Needs o Traffic Economy o Tourism o Agriculture o Other o Local Economy o Industry Segments and Numbers Government/Institutions o Health o Education o Recreation Youth Issues Waste and Water Management o Garbage and Recycling o Potable Water Demand, Supply, Access o Waste Water Treatment Natural Resources o Bio corridors o Watersheds/Water o Forest Cover o Species Scenarios Business as Usual Population

PAGE 3

o Trends Population doubles every four years, adds 600 every four years Youth are majority of population, although workforc e age increases as youth mature. Continued high literacy, growing college attendance Workforce size grows Female headed households increase if new housing bu ilt Continued low levels of poverty Continued high home ownership Development Physical Development Patterns o Trends Doubling of structures every four years, additional 200 structures every 4 years Continued low density residential development Lack of sewer system (or alternative) reduces densi ties New areas are developed sporadically as land is sub divided Easiest developable areas are developed first Commercial development spreads down main road in st rip mall, parking lot style Loss of public views along main road o Regulations 14 meter road right of way Not complied with 50 meter river no development zone Not complied with Current Conditions o Visuals Maps/site plans showing new structures in low densi ty style, subdivisions Site plans of possible commercial strip mall style development along main road Photoshop renderings of lost views Housing o Trends Doubling of housing units every four years, additio nal 160 housing units every four years Continued low density detached housing styles New exclusive/gated housing constructed Local residents priced out of housing market Continued unmet need for alternative housing types Workforce housing, rental housing, apartments, stud ent housing o Regulations

PAGE 4

National rental regulations prevent construction of rental apartments Government expenditures on female headed household family housing in concentrated areas Traffic o Trends Increased traffic problems Traffic generated by new development Increase use of automobile Roads extended for new development by developers in uncoordinated manner Pavement extended Lack of attention given to pedestrian/bicycles Safety a growing concern Tourism Traffic Increases Health concerns over air quality o Regulations Speed limit not enforced o Visuals Traffic Conflict Points Economy o Trends Eco Tourism industry stagnates Slave, independent, and elite tourists Overdevelopment reduces viability of eco tourism Dairy agriculture declines Cash crops grow Businesses directed at local population increase li ttle Outside ownership continues to deteriorate local ec onomy Economic stagnation reduces job availability for gr owing population Government Institutions o Trends Demand for services increases but is unmet by uncoo rdinated government Health clinic reaches or goes over capacity Schools become overcrowded (expand or increase clas s sizes) Lack of recreation space No parks or youth related activities Most entertainment is priced for tourists Waste and Water Management o Trends Demand for municipal garbage collection increases

PAGE 5

Lack of recycling without a local recycling center Demand for potable water increases beyond already o verstretched supply Increased water shortages even during green season Limited access to water reduces health, quality of life, and viability of commercial enterprises Blackwater and greywater contamination increases o Regulations Blackwater regulations followed loosely Greywater regulations not followed Natural Resources o Trends Development occurs without regard to bio corridors Bio corridors lost Watersheds contaminated downstream Water supply does not increase Forest cover is lost Species are lost Conservation Scenario Population o Trends Population doubles every four years, adds 600 every four years Youth are majority of population, although workforc e age increases as youth mature. Continued high literacy, growing college attendance Workforce size grows Female headed households increase if new housing bu ilt Continued low levels of poverty Continued high home ownership Increased rental housing Development Physical Development Patterns o Trends Fewer structures developed because they are multile vel multi use Continued low density residential development sewer system (or alternative) allows increased dens ities Development is concentrated Most sensitive environmental areas are protected Commercial/mixed use development spreads down main road in denser, urban style, with street frontings Public views conserved o Regulations

PAGE 6

14 meter road right of way Complied with in new development 50 meter river no development zone Complied with in new development Zoning, Conservation subdivisions, easements o Visuals Maps/site plans showing new structures in higher de nsity style, mixed use neighborhoods, conservation subdivisions Site plans of possible commercial/mixed use urban s tyle development along main road Photoshop renderings of preserved views Housing o Trends Doubling of housing units every four years, additio nal 160 housing units every four years Higher density housing, conservation subdivisions New exclusive/gated housing constructed Local residents priced out of housing market Meeting the need for alternative housing types Workforce housing, rental housing, apartments, stud ent housing o Regulations National rental regulations prevent construction of rental apartments Government expenditures on female headed household family housing, but are not concentrated in same areas Traffic o Trends Traffic problems reduced Better traffic management, signs Improved alternatives o Bikes, pedestrians, public transport Roads extended for new development are planned and connected, forming better circulation patterns, less high traf fic intersections, more alternative routes, less heavy traffic on resi dential streets No pavement until clear land use controls are in pl ace and enforced Pavement creates more development Equal or greater attention given to pedestrian/bicy cles Sidewalks and bikelanes, pedestrian pathways Traffic calming measures Tourism Traffic Increases but with better circulati on patters Shared parking, shared shuttles, designated routes and parking areas Reduced auto use reduces air problems o Regulations Speed limit enforced better, possibly even with spe ed humps

PAGE 7

o Visuals Traffic Conflict Points Improved with better circul ation patterns, street systems Economy o Trends Eco Tourism industry grows Slave, independent, elite, but independent and elit e are promoted (why) Planned development with conservation of land and h abitat as a focus allows ecotourism to be sustained Dairy agriculture declines Cash crops grow, especially those that can relate t o tourism Heritage tourism related to culture, history, arts, agriculture, all grow Businesses directed at local population increase li ttle Outside ownership continues to deteriorate local ec onomy Jobs from tourism industry sustain job demand Government Institutions o Trends Demand for services increases Health clinic expands, and expands services offered (new thereapy center) Schools expand, possible new campuses Demand for recreation space is met Parks for recreation are built (passive and active recreation for different ages and needs) Programs are developed for youth Public entertainment options are created o Movies in the park, festivals, plays, concerts Waste and Water Management o Trends Demand for municipal garbage collection increases New recycling center reduces waste Demand for potable water met by alternative collect ion systems Rainwater collection systems, pilot projects at fir st on government buildings Ample access to freshwater allows use by businesses and residential areas Blackwater and greywater are treated with municipal sewer system Blackwater and greywater are treated with alternati ve on site systems Recycling greywater, composting, reed beds, on site sewage treatment systems

PAGE 8

o Regulations Blackwater regulations followed strictly Greywater regulations followed strictly Natural Resources o Trends Bio corridors are delineated They are preserved from development Watersheds are protected from excess runoff and con tamination because of better waste water management and develo pment practices Development of steep slopes prohibited Development near rivers prohibited Better management of runoff, bioswales, marshes Fewer impervious surfaces Carbon credit program established Economic benefit Reforestation programs Water supply does not increase but is preserved Critical forest cover is preserved, some pasture be comes forest Windbreaks used to connect habitat patches Species are protected locally o Visuals Bio corridors and watersheds protected maps, increa sed forest cover Economic Diversification Scenario Population o Trends Population doubles every four years, adds 600 every four years Youth are majority of population, although workforc e age increases as youth mature. Continued high literacy, growing college attendance More educational opportunities for residents o Satellite campuses, community colleges, workforce training, possible internships with local businesse s Workforce size grows Female headed households increase if new housing bu ilt Continued low levels of poverty Continued high home ownership Increased rental housing Development Physical Development Patterns o Trends Fewer structures developed because they are multile vel multi use

PAGE 9

Continued low density residential development sewer system (or alternative) allows increased dens ities Development is concentrated Most sensitive environmental areas are protected Commercial/mixed use development spreads down main road in denser, urban style, with street frontings Public views conserved o Regulations 14 meter road right of way Complied with in new development 50 meter river no development zone Complied with in new development Zoning, Conservation subdivisions, easements o Visuals Maps/site plans showing new structures in higher de nsity style, mixed use neighborhoods, conservation subdivisions Site plans of possible commercial/mixed use urban s tyle development along main road Photoshop renderings of preserved views Housing o Trends Doubling of housing units every four years, additio nal 160 housing units every four years Higher density housing, conservation subdivisions New exclusive/gated housing constructed Local residents priced out of housing market Meeting the need for alternative housing types Workforce housing, rental housing, apartments, stud ent housing o Regulations National rental regulations prevent construction of rental apartments Government expenditures on female headed household family housing, but are not concentrated in same areas Traffic o Trends Traffic problems reduced Better traffic management, signs Improved alternatives o Bikes, pedestrians, public transport Roads extended for new development are planned and connected, forming better circulation patterns, less high traf fic intersections, more alternative routes, less heavy traffic on resi dential streets No pavement until clear land use controls are in pl ace and enforced Pavement creates more development

PAGE 10

Equal or greater attention given to pedestrian/bicy cles Sidewalks and bikelanes, pedestrian pathways Traffic calming measures Tourism Traffic Increases but with better circulati on patters Shared parking, shared shuttles, designated routes and parking areas Reduced auto use reduces air problems o Regulations Speed limit enforced better, possibly even with spe ed humps o Visuals Traffic Conflict Points Improved with better circul ation patterns, street systems Economy o Trends Eco Tourism industry grows Slave, independent, elite, but independent and elit e are promoted (why) Planned development with conservation of land and h abitat as a focus allows ecotourism to be sustained Dairy agriculture declines Cash crops grow, especially those that can relate t o tourism Heritage tourism related to culture, history, arts, agriculture, all grow Local economy is diversified and improved Education, both local and international, expands Local ownership, hiring, spending, are promoted o Waste becomes resource through recycling and symbiotic businesses o Recycling center provides jobs, training, and as well as business opportunities Microenterprise development programs created o Small business education and micro loans made available o Most vulnerable populations targeted for services Female headed households Existing cooperative models emulated Call centers an option? Businesses directed at local population increase mo re to meet needs Local ownership creates multiplier effects keeping more money in the local economy Jobs from diversified economy sustain job demand Agriculture is diversified further

PAGE 11

Fair trade, specialty crops, organic crops, and foo d for local population are grown Direct marketing provides means to support small fa rms o Farmers markets, community supported agriculture programs, cooperative sharing of machinery and labor o Storage and shipping done cooperatively Government Institutions o Trends Demand for services increases Health clinic expands, and expands services offered (new therapy center) Schools expand, possible new campuses and higher ed ucation Demand for recreation space is met Parks for recreation are built (passive and active recreation for different ages and needs) Programs are developed for youth Public entertainment options are created o Movies in the park, festivals, plays, concerts Waste and Water Management o Trends Demand for municipal garbage collection increases New recycling center reduces waste Demand for potable water met by alternative collect ion systems Rainwater collection systems, pilot projects at fir st on government buildings Ample access to freshwater allows use by businesses and residential areas Blackwater and greywater are treated with municipal sewer system Blackwater and greywater are treated with alternati ve on site systems Recycling greywater, composting, reed beds, on site sewage treatment systems o Regulations Blackwater regulations followed strictly Greywater regulations followed strictly Natural Resources o Trends Bio corridors are delineated They are preserved from development Watersheds are protected from excess runoff and con tamination because of better waste water management and develo pment practices

PAGE 12

Development of steep slopes prohibited Development near rivers prohibited Better management of runoff, bioswales, marshes Fewer impervious surfaces Carbon credit program established Economic benefit Reforestation programs Water supply does not increase but is preserved Critical forest cover is preserved, some pasture be comes forest Windbreaks used to connect habitat patches Species are protected locally o Visuals Bio corridors and watersheds protected maps, increa sed forest cover Plan of Attack 1. Complete writing and compiling data/background 2. Existing Regulations 3. Projections 4. Necessary Context Mapping 5. Complete Separate Scenarios