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Existing plant pallet for finca amapala : finca amapala management : Supporting materials : Notes

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Title:
Existing plant pallet for finca amapala : finca amapala management : Supporting materials : Notes
Translated Title:
Plataforma de carga de plantas existentes para finca amapala: Manejo finca amapala: Materiales de apoyo: Notas ( )
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Book
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English
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Monteverde Institute
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Subjects / Keywords:
Farm buildings
Notes
Sustainable Futures 2006
Genre:
Books/Reports/Directories
Books/Reports/Directories
letter   ( marcgt )

Notes

Language:
English

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - M37-00304
usfldc handle - m37.304
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SFS0000968:00001


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Photo by Turid Forsyth, Tropical Plants Costa Rica Photo by Turid Forsyth, Tropical Plants Costa Rica EXISTING PLANT PALLET Ascelepia Curvassis Asclepias curassavica is also known as blood flower butterfly weed and viboraza. It is a herbaceous plant that us ually does not get taller than 1 m in size. “Flowers usually a ppear in groups of 7-10” have a complex flower structure “wi th a ‘skirt’ made up of 5 red-orange petals, above which is the orange-yellow corona made up of cups and horns, the cups hold the nectar, these surround the stamens and sti gmatic surfaces in the center of the flower” (Zuchowski 20 05:80). This plant produces flowers and fruits year-round a nd in Costa Rica is found “throughout the country, sea le vel 2000m; both slopes, in second growth, pastures, along stre ams, and road sides” (Zuchowski 2005:80). The flowers nectar is important for “a variety of butterfly species,” bee s, wasps and beetles, the plant “hosts aphids and milkweed bugs” as well as monarch caterpillars (Zuchowski 2005:81). Epidendrum radicans p99 Epidendrum radicans is commonly known as Bandera Espanola and is in the Orchidaceae family. In Costa Rica this orchid is found at 500-2500 m and is most abundant at 1,0002000 m, “from north to south, both slopes” and pref ers open, rocky areas. This orchid grows to 1 m, has orange-y ellow petals and long roots. Epidendrum radicans is polli nated by butterflies and usually grows near Lantana camara a nd Asclepias curassivica Trema Micrantha

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Photo by Adrian Hepworth, Tropical Plants Costa Rica Photo by Adrian Hepworth, Tropical Plants Costa Rica Trema micrantha is in the Ulmaceae (Elm) family and is commonly known as Capuln. This is a medium sized tree, growing to 5-20 m and is “common in pastures and along roadsides, and in large light ga ps in mature forests at 1200-1550 m” (Haber et al 2000:113). Trema micrantha produces small cream-white flowers that peak from January to April, and produces orange fruits that are 3 mm in size from May to September (Haber et al 2000:113). This tree is recommended for second growth is great for birds as well as being fast growing (up to 13.5 in two years) and good a good tree for wind breaks (person al conversation with Willow Zuchowski, Zuchowski 2005:71). In addition, this tree has the ability to “colonize bare banks and overgrazed and degraded la nd,” as well as having “the potential for erosion control and habitat restoration” (Haber et al 2000:113). Some sustainable practices for this tree include using the wood for simple construction or firewood, the bark has been used for medicinal purposes by the re sidents of San Luis as well as a string substitute or to weave baskets (Haber et al 2000:113, Zuchowski 2005:71). Randia Calycosa 78 Randia Calycosa is a small tree in the Rubiaceae or (Madder and coffee) family. This tree produces flowers from March to August which ar e very fragrant at night which attract hawk moths as well as producing “bright ora nge fruits that attract birds” (Haber et al 78). Randia Matudae is a similar species and is c onsidered to be a subcanopy tree, growing to 10-20 meters and is “common in wet fores t at 1300-1500 m” (Haber et al 78).” Conostegia Xalapensis Conostegia xalapensis is in the Melastomataceae fam ily is commonly known as having the following names: lengua de gato Mara lengua de vaca (Zuchowski 2005:55). Conostegia xalapensis is considered a small to medium sized tr ee that grows 2-20 m with a tan bark and vertical fissures (Haber 83). This tree is found at 1100-1450 m in pastures that are in dry parts of Costa Rica, secondary forest and edge habi tats (Haber et al 2000:83). White flowers are produced from February to August and attract female bees as well as producing purpleblack berries that are eaten by birds from March to September (Haber et al 2000:83). Zuchowski suggests using this tree as a windbreak (personal conversation with Willow Zuchow ski).

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Photo by Turid Forsyth, Tropical Plants Costa Rica Photo by Turid Forsyth, Tropical Plants Costa Rica Syzygrum jambos Syzygium Jambos is in the Myrtaceae family and is c ommonly known rose apple and is related to Syzygium malacce nse (Manzana de agua or Malay apple). This is a large t ree that can grow to 20 m tall and has a patchy gray and tan bar k with dense green foliage, grows best on the Atlantic slo pe and is often used as windbreaks (Zuchowski 2005:186). This tree provides a pink to red fruit that has white flesh a nd is pear shaped and approximately 8 cm in size (Zuchowski 20 05:186). While this tree is often planted as a windbreak and the fruits are popular in Costa Rica, Zuchowski suggests not t o encourage the planting of this tree is it is non-na tive (originating in Malay Peninsula) and can be invasive (personal conversation with Willow Zuchowski, Zuchowski 2005:187). Montanoa guatemalensis p 11, 86, 214 big book Montanoa guatemalensis is in the Aster and Composit e family and is commonly known as Tub. This is a small to m edium sized tree, growing to 3-15 m and has a “deeply str iated beige bark” (Haber et al 2000:86). Tub is found on the dry ridges of the Pacific slope at 1000-1200 m and in the past has been planted as windbreaks (Haber et al 2000:86). The tree produces flowers that are white on the outside with an inner disk that is orange during December – January and p roduces 3 mm sized fruits from January – Februrary (Haber et al 2000:86).

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Photo courtesy of New York Botanical Garden Photo courtesy of Gardino Nursery Web Rondeletia buddleioides p 79 nrrr nn Macleania Insignis nn Ericaceae family that is found in cloud forest trees. The stems of the plant will grow up t o 1 to 4 m while the tube-like caudex will grow up to 20 cm in diameter and produces a pink flower (Bihrmann’s Caudiciform). Guazuma Ulmifolia p 65 big book Lonchocarpus oliganthus Vlethra Lanata

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Maytenus Degoviarum Myrtaceae Eugenia “San Luis” p 97 small book PROPOSED ADDITIONS TO EXISTING PLANT PALLET Vibrumum costaricanumr nr"# $$% &n n $% '()

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PAGE 8

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