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Macrofungal abundance and distribution during the wet season in Monteverde, Costa Rica--supporting materials--additions ...

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Title:
Macrofungal abundance and distribution during the wet season in Monteverde, Costa Rica--supporting materials--additions to the database of fungi at the Estacion biologica de Monteverde (Summer 2006)
Translated Title:
Abundancia y distribucion de los Macrohongos durante la estación lluviosa en Monteverde, Costa Rica—materiales de apoyo—adiciones a la base de datos de hongos en la Estación Biológica de Monteverde (Verano 2006) ( )
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Prior, Jason Prior, Matthew
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Macrofungi--Costa Rica--Estación Biológica de Monteverde   ( lcsh )
Fungi--Morphology--Costa Rica   ( lcsh )
Fungi--Classification   ( lcsh )
Microhabitats--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone   ( lcsh )
Macrohongos--Costa Rica--Estación Biológica de Monteverde
Hongos --Morfología --Costa Rica
Hongos--Clasificación
Microhábitats--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Zona de Monteverde
Tropical Ecology 2006
Ecología Tropical 2006
Genre:
Reports   ( lcsh )
Reports

Notes

Abstract:
Includes morphological and taxonomic keys to newly identified fungi that were collected around the Biological Station in Monteverde in the summer of 2006, an alphabetical species list and a family and species list of the newly identified fungi, and the data sheets and images of each newly identified fungus.
Abstract:
Incluye claves morfológicas y taxonómicas de los hongos recientemente identificados que se recogieron alrededor de la Estación Biológica de Monteverde, en el verano del 2006, una lista de especies en orden alfabético, una lista de la familia y la especie de hongos recientemente identificados, las hojas de datos e imágenes de cada hongo recientemente identificados.
Language:
Text in English.
General Note:
Born Digital

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - M39-00072
usfldc handle - m39.72 m39.72
System ID:
SFS0001248:00001


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[Abundancia y distribucion de los Macrohongos durante la estacin lluviosa en Monteverde, Costa Ricamateriales de apoyoadiciones a la base de datos de hongos en la Estacin Biolgica de Monteverde (Verano 2006)]
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Includes morphological and taxonomic keys to newly identified fungi that were collected around the Biological Station in Monteverde in the summer of 2006, an alphabetical species list and a family and species list of the newly identified fungi, and the data sheets and images of each newly identified fungus.
Incluye claves morfolgicas y taxonmicas de los hongos recientemente identificados que se recogieron alrededor de la Estacin Biolgica de Monteverde, en el verano del 2006, una lista de especies en orden alfabtico, una lista de la familia y la especie de hongos recientemente identificados, las hojas de datos e imgenes de cada hongo recientemente identificados.
546
Text in English.
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Macrofungi--Costa Rica--Estacin Biolgica de Monteverde
Fungi--Morphology--Costa Rica
Fungi--Classification
Microhabitats--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
4
Macrohongos--Costa Rica--Estacin Biolgica de Monteverde
Hongos --Morfologa --Costa Rica
Hongos--Clasificacin
Microhbitats--Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Zona de Monteverde
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M39-00065--Macrofungal abundance and distribution during the wet season in Monteverde; M39-00066--[Macrofungal abundance and distribution during the wet season in Monteverde--images][ppt]
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PAGE 1

Alphabetical Species List: 1. Clavaria sp. 2. Coprinus disseminatus 3. Coprinus sp. 4. Crepidotus sp. 5. Gymnopus sp. 6. Hygrocybe miniata 7. Lepiota sp. 8. Marasmius sp. 9. Morganella fuliginea 10. Mycena sp. 11. Oudemansiella cannarii 12. Pluteus sp. 13. Pluteus sp. 14. Polyporus tenuiculus 15. Psathyrella sp. 16. Scleroderma verrucosum 17. Tremella sp.

PAGE 2

Coprinus disseminatus Data Sheet Date: July 15, 2006 Time: 12:25 am Weather conditions: partly sunny, misty Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil; possibly dead organic mat erial (leaf) Relative humidity: 65% Canopy cover (%): 85.96% Elevation: 1545 m Abundance: 2 Observed growth habit: clumped Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: hemisperic Diameter of pileus: 13 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: radicating If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: green (aqua) Color of young sample: bright green Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved/incurved Texture of margin: sulcate Surface texture of pileus: ribbed Color of Context: undetermined

PAGE 3

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: green Texture: deep straight crevices Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): free Space between gills: subdistant Stipe characteristics: Size: 50 mm Color: white Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: inconclusive (possibly) Shape of volva: oblong Color of volva: white Texture of volva: hairy Color of spore print: N/A Color of bruising: N/A

PAGE 5

Coprinus sp. Data Sheet Date: July 22, 2006 Time: 10:00 am Weather conditions: Cold, cloudy and a bit wet Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil, and some on a dead stick Relative humidity: 85% Canopy cover (%): 92.72% Elevation: 1475 m Abundance: many Observed growth habit: clustered Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: parabolic to cylindric Diameter of pileus: 3.0 – 10 mm (7 mm sample) Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: equal or clavate in clusters attac hed If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: cream to tan at top of cap Color of young sample: just slightly darker Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved; possibly incurved Texture of margin: sulcate Surface texture of pileus: ribbed, but soft Color of Context: N/A

PAGE 6

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: grayish cream color Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): adnexed Space between gills: subdistant Stipe characteristics: Size: 16 mm Color: white Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: Dark purple or black Color of bruising: none observed

PAGE 8

Morph sp. #1 Data Sheet Date: July 15, 2006 Time: 12:15 am Weather conditions: partly sunny, misty Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: decaying wood Relative humidity: 65% Canopy cover (%): 85.96% Elevation: 1545 m Abundance: 6 Observed growth habit: cluster Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: coral Shape of pileus: N/A Diameter of pileus: 3-5 mm (for the cluster) Presence of stipe: no Shape of stipe: N/A If no stipe, length and width of pileus: 2-3 mm Color of mature sample: white Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): N/A Texture of margin: N/A Surface texture of pileus: smooth, soft Color of Context: white

PAGE 9

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: N/A Texture: N/A Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): N/A Space between gills: N/A Stipe characteristics: Size: N/A Color: N/A Position: N/A Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: N/A Color of bruising: N/A

PAGE 11

Clavaria sp. Data Sheet Date: July 18, 2006 Time: 11:50 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds, warm Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: decaying wood Relative humidity: 75% Canopy cover (%): 93.5% Elevation: 1550 m Abundance: 5 clumps Observed growth habit: clumped Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: coral Shape of pileus: none Diameter of pileus: N/A Presence of stipe: none Shape of stipe: N/A If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: white and translucent a bi t, possible green tint Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): N/A Texture of margin: N/A Surface texture of pileus: N/A Color of Context: undetermined

PAGE 12

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: N/A Texture: N/A Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): N/A Space between gills: N/A Stipe characteristics: Size: N/A Color: N/A Position: N/A Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: none Color of bruising: none

PAGE 14

Families and Species of Fungi Included in the Datab ase: n n rn r n n n r n n n n nr n r nn n n n n An additional eight specimens were identified to the Tricholomataceae family level. No further taxanomic nomenclature could be assigned to these eight specimens.

PAGE 15

Gymnopus sp. Data Sheet Date: July 21, 2006 Time: 10:10 am Weather conditions: cold a bit cloudy and wet Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead wood Relative humidity: 86% Canopy cover (%): 85.18 Elevation: 1495 m Abundance: 10+ Observed growth habit: clumped (some paired) Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: flat but slightly convex Diameter of pileus: 30 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: subclavate (maybe equal or clavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: tan to dark brown on top c enter of cap Color of young sample: slightly lighter Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): slig htly decurved Texture of margin: entire; slightly wavy (undulate ) Surface texture of pileus: smooth Color of Context: cream (light)

PAGE 16

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: light cream Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): free maybe adnexed Space between gills: very crowded Stipe characteristics: Size: up to 10 mm Color: tan/ light brown Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: white (possibly) Color of bruising: none observed

PAGE 18

Hygrocybe miniata Data Sheets Date: July 18, 2006 Time: 12:10 pm Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds, warm Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead wood Relative humidity: 75% Canopy cover (%): 81.54% Elevation: 1580 m Abundance:10-15 Observed growth habit: clumped Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: hemispherical Diameter of pileus: 17 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: cylindrical to equal If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: defined red Color of young sample: brighter, orangish red Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: plicate-striate Surface texture of pileus: smooth / velvety, very small protrusions Color of Context: undetermined

PAGE 19

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: orange-cream (very different from body) Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): decurrent Space between gills: subdistant Stipe characteristics: Size: 50 mm Color: red Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: maybe (inconclusive) Shape of volva: collar w/ hairs Color of volva: pinkish Texture of volva: hairy Color of spore print: brown Color of bruising: none

PAGE 21

Lepiota sp. Data Sheet Date: July 20, 2006 Time: 12:00 pm Weather conditions: a bit cloudy Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil Relative humidity: 82% Canopy cover (%): 80.5% Elevation: 1570 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: convex Diameter of pileus: 12 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: equal If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: white with brown areas Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: entire Surface texture of pileus: smooth Color of Context: white

PAGE 22

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: pure white Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): adnexed Space between gills: subdistant Stipe characteristics: Size: 33 mm Color: white/cream bruising to brown Position: central Presence of annulus: yes Location of annulus: 5.0 mm from junction of stipe Color of annulus: brownish color Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: none observed Color of bruising: brown

PAGE 24

[Macrofungal abundance and distribution during the wet season in Monteverde, Costa Rica— Morphological Key] Jason Prior Matthew Prior I. Coral a. Greater than 2cm i. Clavaria sp. b. Less than 2 cm i. Morpho 1 II. Puffball a. No stipe i. Morganella fuliginea b. Presence of stipe i. Scleroderma verrucosum III. Shelf a. Translucent with a tint of green i. Polyporus tenuiculus b. White i. Crepidotus sp. IV. Slime a. Reddish Orange Translucent i. Tremella sp. V. Toadstool a. Large (pileus greater than 2.0 cm) i. Brown ii. Creamish tan iii. Grayish black iv. Grayish brown v. Reddish brown vi. Tannish brown vii. White b. Smaller (pileus diameter less than or equal to 2.0 cm)

PAGE 25

[Macrofungal abundance and distribution during the wet season in Monteverde, Costa Rica— Taxonomic Key] Jason Prior Matthew Prior I. F. Agaricaceae a. G. Lepiota i. Lepiota sp. II. F. Clavariaceae a. G. Clavaria i. Clavaria sp. III. F. Coprinaceae a. G. Coprinus i. Coprinus disseminates ii. Coprinus sp. b. G. Psathyrella i. Psathyrella sp. IV. F. Cortinariaceae a. G. Crepidotus i. Crepidotus sp. V. F. Lycoperdaceae a. G. Morganella fuliginea VI. F. Marasmiaceae a. G. Marasmius i. Marasmius sp. b. G. Oudemansiella i. Oudemansiella cannarii VII. F. Pluteaceae a. G. Pluteus i. Pluteus sp. 1 ii. Pluteus sp. 2 VIII. F. Polyporaceae a. G. Polyporus i. Polyporus tenuiculus IX. F. Sclerodermataceae a. Scleroderma i. Scleroderma verrucosum X. F. Tremellaceae a. G. Tremella i. Tremella sp. XI. F. Tricholomataceae a. G. Gymnopus i. Gymnopus sp.

PAGE 26

b. G. Hygrocybe i. Hygrocybe miniata c. G. Mycena i. Mycena sp. d. sp. 1 e. sp. 2 f. sp. 3 g. sp. 4 h. sp. 5 i. sp. 6 j. sp. 7 k. sp. 8 XII. Morpho species a. Morpho 1 b. Morpho 2 c. Morpho 3 d. Morpho 4 e. Morpho 5

PAGE 27

Marasmius sp. Data Sheet Date: July 18, 2006 Time: 12:35 pm Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead leaf Relative humidity: 76% Canopy cover (%): 77.64% Elevation: 1590 m Abundance: 6+ Observed growth habit: clumped Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: convex Diameter of pileus: 2-3 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: marginate or equal If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: tan; brown at tip of cap ( also flat here) Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: sulcate Surface texture of pileus: rough due to ribbed gil ls Color of Context: undetermined

PAGE 28

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): sinuate Space between gills: distant Stipe characteristics: Size: 25 mm Color: white/tan Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: yes Shape of volva: collar Color of volva: orangeish Texture of volva: smooth Color of spore print: cream (possibly too small to see) Color of bruising: none

PAGE 30

Morganella fuliginea Data Sheet Date: July 15, 2006 Time: 1:00 am Weather conditions: partly sunny, slight rain Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil; possibly into a root Relative humidity: 69% Canopy cover (%): 88.82% Elevation: 1530 m Abundance: 4 Observed growth habit: cluster Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: puff-ball Shape of pileus: spherical Diameter of pileus: 33 mm Presence of stipe: no Shape of stipe: N/A If no stipe, length and width of pileus: 2.9 mm x 3.3 mm Color of mature sample: dark brown Color of young sample: dark brown Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): coar se, spherical Texture of margin: N/A Surface texture of pileus: coarse Color of Context: N/A

PAGE 31

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: N/A Texture: N/A Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): N/A Space between gills: N/A Stipe characteristics: Size: N/A Color: N/A Position: N/A Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: N/A Color of bruising: N/A

PAGE 33

Morpho sp. #2 Data Sheet Date: July 15, 2006 Time: 1:15 am Weather conditions: partly sunny, slight rain Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil; dead organic matter Relative humidity: 66% Canopy cover (%): 92.46% Elevation: 1545 m Abundance: 2 Observed growth habit: clumped Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: convex Diameter of pileus: 13 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: radicating If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: off white with brown pileu s Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: entire Surface texture of pileus: smooth Color of Context: N/A

PAGE 34

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): emarginate Space between gills: close Stipe characteristics: Size: 43 mm Color: white Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: inconclusive (possibly) Shape of volva: rooted Color of volva: white Texture of volva: velvet-like Color of spore print: N/A Color of bruising: N/A

PAGE 36

Morpho sp. #3 Data Sheet Date: July 20, 2006 Time: 10:00 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead stump Relative humidity: 76% Canopy cover (%): 83.1% Elevation: 1580 m Abundance: 1 (old and decaying, possibly last of f ruiting species for season; many other fruiting bodies were observed 2 weeks be fore on the same stump.) Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: mamillate Diameter of pileus: 22 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: equal but curved up coming from st ump If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: dark brown Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: ragged (possibly striate before decaying) Surface texture of pileus: smooth with ribs; howev er decaying badly Color of Context: dark brown

PAGE 37

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: brown (a bit lighter Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): adnexed Space between gills: close Stipe characteristics: Size: 28 mm Color: same as cap (dark brown) Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: not able to produce Color of bruising: none

PAGE 39

Morpho sp. #4 Data Sheet Date: July 20, 2006 Time: 10:15 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead stump Relative humidity: 76% Canopy cover (%): 83.1% Elevation: 1580 m Abundance: 2 Observed growth habit: clumped together Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: umbilicate Diameter of pileus: 24 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: clavate curved up coming from trun k If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: dark gray to black Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): invo lute Texture of margin: translucent striate Surface texture of pileus: soft almost velvet-like Color of Context: lighter brown or green

PAGE 40

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: same as cap (dark gray to black) Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): subdecurrent Space between gills: distant Stipe characteristics: Size: 21 mm Color: bluish green maybe aqua Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: none Color of bruising: none

PAGE 42

Morpho sp. #5 Data Sheet (very weird sample) Date: July 22, 2006 Time: 10:25 am Weather conditions: cloudy, a bit windy and cold Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil Relative humidity: 85% Canopy cover (%): 85.18% Elevation: 1500 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: toadstool Shape of pileus: depressed/umblicate Diameter of pileus: 21 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: subclavate; slightly almost equal If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: white and powdery with bro wn blotches Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): slig htly arched Texture of margin: not distinguishable because no pores or gills on fertile surface Surface texture of pileus: powdery Color of Context: white/ tanish

PAGE 43

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: powdery white Texture: possibly pores, but nothing noticeabl e Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): N/A (adnate if gills present) Space between gills: N/A Stipe characteristics: Size: 53 mm Color: tan at base, white just under cap (powd ery) Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: none Color of bruising: possibly just darker tan

PAGE 45

Mycena sp. Data Sheet Date: July 18, 2006 Time: 12:45 pm Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead leaf Relative humidity: 76% Canopy cover (%): 77.64% Elevation: 1590 m Abundance: 2 Observed growth habit: clumped Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: parabolic Diameter of pileus: 3.5 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: equal If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: dark red, fading to light red on margin Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: sulcate Surface texture of pileus: kind of slimy but rough Color of Context: undetermined

PAGE 46

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): sinuate Space between gills: distant Stipe characteristics: Size: 23 mm Color: grayish white Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: possibly Shape of volva: attached bulb Color of volva: reddish orange Texture of volva: smooth Color of spore print: none produced Color of bruising: none

PAGE 48

Pluteus sp. #1 Data Sheet Date: July 20, 2006 Time: 10:45 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil on a live root Relative humidity: 79% Canopy cover (%): 83.1% Elevation: 1595 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: depressed to plane (depending on how you look at it) Diameter of pileus: 48 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: clavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: light brown; darker toward s margin Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): prob ably uplifted Texture of margin: undulate Surface texture of pileus: smooth and slimy Color of Context: cream

PAGE 49

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white with blue edged gills Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): emarginated to subdecurrent (depends on where you look at it) Space between gills: close Stipe characteristics: Size: 49 mm Color: bluish green Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: inconclusive (probably not) Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: dark brown Color of bruising: none observed

PAGE 51

Pluteus sp. #2 Data Sheet Date: July 20, 2006 Time: 11:00 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil Relative humidity: 79% Canopy cover (%): 89.53% Elevation: 1595 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: depressed Diameter of pileus: 21 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: clavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: grayish brown Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): plan e Texture of margin: entire Surface texture of pileus: smooth Color of Context: whitish cream

PAGE 52

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white with dark gray edges on gills Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): emarginate Space between gills: subdistant Stipe characteristics: Size: 41 mm Color: whitish gray Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: inconclusive (probably not) Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: light brown Color of bruising: none observed

PAGE 54

Psathyrella sp Data Sheet Date: July 18, 2006 Time: 12:25 pm Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds, warm Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead wood Relative humidity: 77% Canopy cover (%): 77.64% Elevation: 1590 m Abundance: 1 (maybe 2; one being younger) Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: convex Diameter of pileus: 20 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: radicating to equal If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: brownish Color of young sample: darker Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: translucent-striate Surface texture of pileus: smooth Color of Context: undetermined

PAGE 55

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: cream Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): adnexed Space between gills: close Stipe characteristics: Size: 23 mm Color: white Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: maybe (inconclusive) Shape of volva: collar Color of volva: white Texture of volva: hairy Color of spore print: brown Color of bruising: none

PAGE 57

Scleroderma verrucosum Data Sheet Date: July 22, 2006 Time: 9:15 am Weather conditions: Cold, cloudy and a bit wet Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil Relative humidity: 77% Canopy cover (%): 88.56% Elevation: 1495 m Abundance: 7-10+ in just one area (observed all ov er waterfall slope) Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: puffball with stipe Shape of pileus: ovoid (if any) Diameter of pileus: 28 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: radicating If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: tan/ light brown with dark brown spots Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): puff ball Texture of margin: none (spherical specimen) Surface texture of pileus: rough, membranous Color of Context: white/cream on outside and brown inside

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Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: unknown Texture: puffball = powdery Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): N/A Space between gills: N/A Stipe characteristics: Size: 29 mm Color: tan Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: dark brown Color of bruising: none observed

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Crepidotus sp. Data Sheet Date: July 18, 2006 Time: 11:00 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds, warm Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil (dense) Relative humidity: 76% Canopy cover (%): 85.18% Elevation: 1565 m Abundance: 2 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: shelf Shape of pileus: semi-circular Diameter of pileus: 20 mm Presence of stipe: no Shape of stipe: N/A If no stipe, length and width of pileus: 20 mm x 1 9 mm Color of mature sample: whitish with creamish cent er Color of young sample: same as mature Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): arch ed with out stipe Texture of margin: undulate Surface texture of pileus: smooth Color of Context: undetermined

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Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white with cream center Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): no stipe N/A Space between gills: close Stipe characteristics: Size: N/A Color: N/A Position: N/A Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: white Color of bruising: none

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Polyporus teniculus Data Sheet Date: July 15, 2006 Time: 11:45 am Weather conditions: partly sunny, misty Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: decaying tree limb near moss Relative humidity: 65% Canopy cover (%): 89.6% Elevation: 1550 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: shelf Shape of pileus: semicircular Diameter of pileus: 8 mm Presence of stipe: no (7mm protruding into the tre e) Shape of stipe: N/A If no stipe, length and width of pileus: 25 mm (L) x 33 mm (W) Color of mature sample: translucent gray to white pileus with a tint of green, white fertile surface Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): arch ed Texture of margin: tomentose Surface texture of pileus: smooth Color of Context: white

PAGE 64

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white Texture: porous Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): N/A Space between gills: N/A Stipe characteristics: Size: N/A Color: N/A Position: N/A Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: N/A Color of bruising: N/A

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Tremella sp. Data Sheet Date: July 18, 2006 Time: 12:55 pm Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead wood Relative humidity: 77% Canopy cover (%): 77.64% Elevation: 1590 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: slime Shape of pileus: N/A Diameter of pileus: N/A Presence of stipe: none Shape of stipe: N/A If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: translucent bright red/ora nge Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): N/A Texture of margin: N/A Surface texture of pileus: N/A Color of Context: Same; bright red/orange and tran slucent

PAGE 67

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: N/A Texture: N/A Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): N/A Space between gills: N/A Stipe characteristics: Size: N/A Color: N/A Position: N/A Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: not able to produce Color of bruising: none

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Tricholomataceae #1 Data Sheet Date: July 15, 2006 Time: 12:40 am Weather conditions: partly rainy Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil; decaying organic matter Relative humidity: 69% Canopy cover (%): 85.96% Elevation: 1545 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: depressed Diameter of pileus: 22 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: subclavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: reddish-brown Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): arch ed Texture of margin: appendiculate Surface texture of pileus: smooth Color of Context: N/A

PAGE 70

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: reddish-brown Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): decurrent Space between gills: subdistant Stipe characteristics: Size: 23 mm Color: reddish-brown Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: inconclusive (possibly) Shape of volva: oblong, bulb Color of volva: reddish-brown (darker) Texture of volva: darker Color of spore print: N/A Color of bruising: N/A

PAGE 72

Tricholomataceae #2 Data Sheet Date: July 18, 2006 Time: 11:55 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds, warm Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil (dense) Relative humidity: 75% Canopy cover (%): 93.5% Elevation: 1550 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: umbilicate Diameter of pileus: 41 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: clavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: white/ offwhite Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): arch ed Texture of margin: entire Surface texture of pileus: smooth, wet and slimy Color of Context: undetermined

PAGE 73

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: same as cap (white/ off-white) Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): decurrent Space between gills: (sub)distant Stipe characteristics: Size: 30 mm Color: white Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: orange Color of bruising: none

PAGE 75

Tricholomataceae #3 Data Sheet Date: July 20, 2006 Time: 10.25 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead limb/stickl Relative humidity: 76% Canopy cover (%): 83.1% Elevation: 1580 m Abundance: about 20 Observed growth habit: clumped and cluster into ma ny clumps Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: convex Diameter of pileus: small to approximately 10 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: slightly clavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: white cream Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: striate Surface texture of pileus: smooth Color of Context: white

PAGE 76

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): adnexed Space between gills: subdistant Stipe characteristics: Size: 7 mm (+/-) Color: white Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: inconclusive Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: none observed Color of bruising: none observed

PAGE 78

Tricholomataceae #4 Data Sheet Date: July 20, 2006 Time: 11:20 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: decaying underground stick Relative humidity: 79% Canopy cover (%): 88.56% Elevation: 1590 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: parabolic Diameter of pileus: 5 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: clavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: green with yellow dots Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: striate Surface texture of pileus: bumpy and ribbed Color of Context: too small; unknown

PAGE 79

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): free Space between gills: distant Stipe characteristics: Size: 27 mm Color: very white with hairs Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: inconclusive (probably not) Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: none observed Color of bruising: none observed

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Tricholomataceae #5 Data Sheet Date: July 20, 2006 Time: 11:40 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil Relative humidity: 82% Canopy cover (%): 80.5% Elevation: 1570 m Abundance: 3 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: convex depressed Diameter of pileus: 27 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: clavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: cream to tan Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): plan e Texture of margin: undulate Surface texture of pileus: slightly bumpy Color of Context: white with a tint of cream

PAGE 82

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: cream Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): sinuate Space between gills: close Stipe characteristics: Size: 30 mm Color: white fading down to tan/brown Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: inconclusive Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: light brown Color of bruising: none

PAGE 84

Tricholomataceae #6 Data Sheet Date: July 20, 2006 Time: 11:45 am Weather conditions: mostly sunny with a few clouds Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: soil; possibly into a root Relative humidity: 82% Canopy cover (%): 80.5% Elevation: 1570 m Abundance: 1 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: convex Diameter of pileus: 18 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: equal If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: off white with tan areas Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: appendiculate Surface texture of pileus: soft with residue that falls off onto fingers Color of Context: white

PAGE 85

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: cream; kind of yellowish Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): free Space between gills: close Stipe characteristics: Size: 27 mm Color: whitish cream with bruising to dark Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: light brown (not for sure a s pore print produced) Color of bruising: dark brownish

PAGE 87

Tricholomataceae #7 Data Sheet Date: July 22, 2006 Time: 9:35 am Weather conditions: Cold, cloudy and a bit wet Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: small twig Relative humidity: 77% Canopy cover (%): 88.56% Elevation: 1480 m Abundance: 2 Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: convex with hairs Diameter of pileus: 4.0 – 5.0 mm Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: subclavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: very white Color of young sample: N/A Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): decu rved Texture of margin: entire Surface texture of pileus: very hairy, like protru sions present Color of Context: white

PAGE 88

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): adnexed Space between gills: subdistant Stipe characteristics: Size: 17 mm Color: white with hairs Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: none Color of bruising: none observed

PAGE 90

Tricholomataceae #8 Data Sheet Date: July 22, 2006 Time: 10:40 am Weather conditions: Cold and kind of cloudy Microhabitat Conditions: Type of substrate: dead tree trunk Relative humidity: 85% Canopy cover (%): 85.18% Elevation: 1500 m Abundance: 2 observed in area Observed growth habit: solitary Morphological Characteristics: Basic form: Toadstool Shape of pileus: young = hemispheric; old = depres sed Diameter of pileus: 20 mm (young); 31 mm (old) Presence of stipe: yes Shape of stipe: subclavate If no stipe, length and width of pileus: N/A Color of mature sample: aqua-like; light green get ting darker towards the tip Color of young sample: just slightly darker Shape of margin (using longitudinal section): old = uplifted; young = decurved Texture of margin: old = ragged; young = sulcate Surface texture of pileus: wet and smooth Color of Context: white

PAGE 91

Hymenium or fertile surface characteristics: Color: white Texture: gilled Type of juncture with stipe (for those with la mellae): (sub)decurrent Space between gills: distant Stipe characteristics: Size: 17 mm Color: white Position: central Presence of annulus: none Location of annulus: N/A Color of annulus: N/A Presence of volva: none Shape of volva: N/A Color of volva: N/A Texture of volva: N/A Color of spore print: light brown Color of bruising: slightly green