A Lesson on Symbiotic Interactions for the Centro de Educacin Creativa Melissa Reimer Environmental Education, University of Wisconsin Stevens Point ABSTRACT Symbiotic interactions represent the complexity of the functions of tropical ecosystems. Ma ny of these symbiotic interactions are found in the cloud forest. In order to educate students about the importance of these interactions, research was conducted on symbiotic interactions found in the Monteverde area and a lesson plan was created. This les son plan was created for Centro de Educacin Creativa (C.E.C.) a private school in Monteverde, intended for integration into the 6 th day series of lessons addressing t he symbiotic interactions that occur in the cloud forest, including two PowerPoint presentations and various activities for the students. I expect that this lesson plan will help educate the students of C.E.C. about their own surrounding area and promote preservation of the cloud forest. RESUMEN Las interacciones simbiticas representan cun compleja la funcin del ecosistema tropical es, y algunas de las interacciones en el bosque nuboso. Con el fin de educar a los estudiantes acerca de la importancia de estas interacciones, se llev a cabo una investigacin con respecto a las interacciones simbiticas encontradas en el area de Monteverde y se dise un Plan de leccin. Este plan fue creado para el Centro de educacin creative (C. E. C.), una escuela p rivada en Monteverde, con el fin de integrarla en el tema lecciones de tres das dirigidas a las interacciones simbiticas que existen en el bosque nuboso, lo cual incluye dos presentaciones en Power Point y varias actividades para los estudiantes. Se espera que este plan ayude a educar a los estudiantes del C.E.C. acerca de su propia rea circundante y promueva la preservacin del bosque nuboso. INTRODUCTI ON Tropical forests can be characterized as having higher richness of species and more dynamic relationships between organisms than temperate regions (Orians 1996). An example of this habitat is the cloud forest located in the Monteverde area, an intric ate ecosystem exhibiting many symbiotic interactions. These interactions combined with a high level of diversity have attracted numerous biologists to do research on the cloud forest (Burlingame 2000). However, much of the research conducted is not readil y available to local schools and the public of the Monteverde area (Vargas 2000). More scientific knowledge on the cloud forest needs to be incorporated into the curriculum of local schools to help improve the education of the people of Monteverde. Cent ro De Educacin Creativa, (C.E.C.) is a private school in Monteverde that specializes in environmental education for preschool through 11 th grade (Burlingame 2000). The 6th grade curriculum addresses symbiotic interactions as key concepts for this
grade bu t because of the lack of scientific knowledge and information the school is unable to teach their students about the interactions that occur locally in the cloud forest. The main objective of this project is to produce a lesson plan that incorporates scie ntific knowledge generated in Monteverde about symbiotic interactions into a 6 th ns and various activities for the students. METHODS environmental education coordinator of the C.E.C., to determine the appropriate content for a lesson plan about symbiotic interactions of the cloud forest that could be incorporated into their curriculum. I then researched the following symbiotic interactions: mutualisms and commensalisms. From this research I choose several examples of mutualisms and commensalisms that occu r in the cloud forest to be used in the lesson plan. Also, I took pictures of these organisms. From the research and photos I created two PowerPoint presentations that would be used as tools in the lesson plan, helping to explain what symbiotic interactio ns are and give examples of symbiotic interactions in the cloud forest. Following this I wrote the lesson plan, incorporating the information that I researched on symbiotic interactions. I personally designed numerous activities and used other activitie s from Project Wild adapted to fit this specific topic. RESULTS The lesson plan consists of following: 1) Rationale indicates the purpose of teaching the lesson as well as themes covered and grade levels that the lesson could be used for. 2) Obj ectives describes the environmental education goals that the lessons will address as well as the intended outcomes of the lesson. 3) Materials includes all the material needed to teach the lesson. 4) Procedure depicts how the lesson will be taugh t in detail, from the introduction information to conclusion of the lesson. The lesson plan itself is composed of three days worth of materials and activities. The first day consists of a PowerPoint presentation that explains and defines mutualism and c ommensalism, as well as an activity that allows students to discover these interactions. The students will write or draw about their findings. The second with specific ex amples of mutualisms and commensalisms that are exhibited in the cloud forest. To allow students to interact while learning, the students will play a actives include a quiz to evaluate the students, a discussion about the importance of symbiotic interactions in relations to preservation of the cloud forest, and how they, the students, can help to protect this natural area.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank the Centro de Educacin Creativa for letting me write a lesson plan for their school. Furthermore, I would like to thank Karen Allen for meeting with and providing me with resources to write the lesson plan. I would also like to thank Carlos Guindon and Carmen Rojas for all their help and understanding during my project. Lastly, I would like to thank Maria Jost for being willing to look over my project. LITERATURE CITED Burlingame, L.J. 2000. Conservation in the Monteverde Zone. In Nadarkani, N. M., N.T. Wheelwr ight (eds). Ecology and Conservation of a Topical Cloud Forest, Pp. 370 371. New York: Oxford University Press. Allen, K. prs.com (Personal Interview). Orians, G. H, R. Dirzo and Cushman, J. H. 1996. Impact of Biodiversity on Tropical F orest Ecosys tem Processes. H. A. Mooney, J.H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala and E. D. Schulze (eds.). Functional roles of biodiversity: a global perspective. Vargas, G. 2000. The community process of environmental education. In Nadarkani, N. M., N.T. Wheelwright (eds). Ecology and Conservation of a Tropical Cloud Forest pp, 377. New York: Oxford University Press. Appendix 1 (Goals of Environmental Educations) Objectives of Environmental Education 1) Awareness/ Sensitive: to help social groups and individuals acquire an 2) Knowledge: to help social groups and individuals gain a variety of experience problems. 3) Attitude: to help social groups and individuals acquire a set of values and feelings of concern for the environment and the motivation for active ly participating in environmental improvement and protection. 4) Participation : to provide social groups and individuals with an opportunity to be actively involved at all levels in working toward resolution of environmental problems.
Appendix 2 Sample Quiz 1) Define and give one example Mutualism. _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ 2) Define and give one example Commenalism. _________________________________________________ ________________ _________________________________ 3) Define and give one example Interspecific cooperation. _________________________________________________ _________________________________________________ Appendix 3 (Ideas for action plans) Have students plant Cecropias around the school to increase the interaction around the school area. Have students during the high tourist season raise money to help with preserving more cloud forest area Set up volunteer hours to help at the Monteverde Cloud Reserve, of Bajo del tigre.
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Una leccin sobre las interacciones simbiticas para el Centro de Educacin Creativa
A lesson on symbiotic interactions for the Centro de Educacin Creativa
Symbiotic interactions represent the complexity of the functions of tropical ecosystems. Many of these symbiotic interactions are found in the cloud forest. In order to educate students about the importance of these interactions, research was conducted on symbiotic interactions found in the Monteverde area and a lesson plan was created. This lesson plan was created for Centro de Educacin Creativa (C.E.C.) a private school in Monteverde, intended for integration into the 6th grade theme four titled Ecosystem and Relationships in Nature. It consists of a three-day series of lessons addressing the symbiotic interactions that occur in the cloud forest, including two PowerPoint presentations and various activities for the students. I expect that this lesson plan will help educate the students of C.E.C. about their own surrounding area and promote preservation of the cloud forest.
Las interacciones simbiticas representan la complejidad de las funciones de los ecosistemas tropicales, y algunas de las interacciones en el bosque nuboso. Con el fin de educar a los estudiantes acerca de la importancia de estas interacciones, se llev a cabo una investigacin con respecto a las interacciones simbiticas encontradas en el rea de Monteverde y se dise un Plan de leccin. Este plan fue creado para el Centro de educacin creativa (C. E. C.), una escuela privada en Monteverde, con el fin de integrarla en el tema cuatro del 6o. grado llamado Ecosistemas y relaciones en la Naturaleza. Consiste de una serie de lecciones de tres das dirigidas a las interacciones simbiticas que existen en el bosque nuboso, lo cual incluye dos presentaciones en Power Point y varias actividades para los estudiantes. Se espera que este plan ayude a educar a los estudiantes del C.E.C. acerca de su propia rea circundante y promueva la preservacin del bosque nuboso.
Text in English.
Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Monteverde Zone
Costa Rica--Puntarenas--Zona de Monteverde
Tropical Ecology Summer 2004
Cloud Forest School (Costa Rica)
Ecologa Tropical Verano 2004
Centro de Educacin Creativa (C.E.C)
t Monteverde Institute : Tropical Ecology