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Recording folklore in Key West


Material Information

Recording folklore in Key West
Physical Description:
Kennedy, Stetson
Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida
Federal Writers' Project of Florida
Place of Publication:
Jacksonville, Fla
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Folk songs -- Florida -- Key West   ( lcsh )
Folklore -- Florida -- Key West   ( lcsh )


Material on an expedition to record and film folklore of Key West. The first item is a memorandum dated April 20, 1939 that was sent from the headquarters of the Federal Writers' Project in Florida to the National Folklore Director of the Federal Writers' Project. In it, Stetson Kennedy discusses the need to capture on sound recording and film the distinctive language and culture of Key West. The second item is a list compiled by Kennedy of the recordings he and Robert Cook made In January 1940 of Key West folk songs.
Statement of Responsibility:
prepared by Stetson Kennedy.
General Note:
Collective title supplied by cataloger.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - W27-00289
usfldc handle - w27.289
System ID:

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(j; 0 .,., .... 0 -< -.. TO a -.. Or. B. A. Botld.n, Uational Federal 20, 193g olklore Oir otOr ri tera1 Projoot. FROUa Dr. C it Dog tt Cor e, Stt.t. Director, P'lorida FWP U mor ndu.m ared. ..El Stet on Ke edy, Aot1n.g Y.Lorida SuporV150r Lito History, Folklore, Soo1&l-Etbnio tuciiea.) SUBJEC'ra roLKWRE OF KEY ';"EST, PLORIDJ. Folklore Recording EXpedition ('IIPA Conuni 'tt of olk A.rta & Library of ... i"II..Unm Although muoh or t lore to be found in y i est ce.a be uooe tully recorded, there re n vertnolosa me.ay types, of oon id r bl inter t and lue, ioh lso req ire otion filming it they ro to be adeq a.toly pre orged. In oom inotAnoos filming would supplement recording, while tor oth. r 1ne.udi'ble types filming ould be th sol e.t'feot-iv nna ot pr peoitio exacplos ot both those ty do orib d r in tb1a It a. f otory and ntary oo pilation ot Xey W t folklore 1 oontompl t d, it essential thAt both recording and 1lm1ng bo o ploy d VARIE'l't AND OF FOLXLORE . Folklore in X y We t ia l.lnl.l abWtd t &Ad nr1 d. 1'b1a 1 obi tl.y to the div r otbnio, nation&l, eoonomio, soo1&l 1 and oul tur&l b oqrounda ot the p-oupa oomprilling the i l d' popul tion. the inaul r 1 olation of y ITo t h a pro vi dod oondi tiona for the &ooultur&tion of immigrant loroa, a ell aa tbo deYelopmont or 9 ouli r 1nd1g noua lo.roo. LANGUAG DIALECTS, INFLE:CTIO J..


... . :),;: .:_,,. .:: :'. >. . : . : . : ., .. ,.c .. J:. / : > :' ; . "1 : : : : : .. "r" .. Among the groups whiotf.ahould be (both trom Key Wast and Cuba), Spaniards, descendants ot Spa.niah gallegoa (peasEUlta), Cbbe.n Negroes, llexico.ns, Spanish-speaking West Indian Negroes, Conoha (white ot COckney English deacont), Bahaman (a variety ot dialects), English-speaking West Indian Negroes, descendants ot New England sldppeta, Florida craokara, tourists trom various sections (?) CUBAN LORE Comprising approximately one-third ot the total population, the Cubans havo perhaps contributed most to the folklore of Key West. Although the greatest influx of Cubans occurred during the latter halt of the nineteenth century, there has subsequently bean a certain amount of continuous immigration. . The radio, reasonable excursion rates to Cuba (ninety miles distant), and aS panish-speaking Key West school supported largely by the Cuban Government, have served to maintain close cultural relations with Cuba, and to constantly replenish and al tor the ell ban lore in Key '.'fest. The La tin { 0-lba.n-;ipani sh-Italian) colony of Tampa (Ybor City), also 1ntluonoea the lore of Key West through oorrespondence between relatives, visits and an inter change of residence. Viandero ( In Olba, street venders are numerous. popular, invariably pioturosque. There are three colorful venders in ltey West; two Oiba.n.s and a Bahaman Negro. Uany familios regularly depend upon them for vegetables, trui t, fish. They cry their s in a. rhythmic and poetic chant ot remarkable volume, combining Spanish and English. Their ories vary with their wa.rea, but the following 1a a. typica.l example a I Agua.Gate JIIAduro tengo, naranja.. de China yo -llevo I Tangerina y toronja, ta.mbien platano muy bueno ra ( I havo ripe a.vooados, orange a ot Chin& I carry: Tangerine and grapefruit, also very good plantaina:) The Bahaman Negro, vendor of fish, pushea a colorful cart, replete Witb mirror., ga.y Amerioa.n tlaga, and followed by a. long queue of hungry eats. He was widely publicized in a. Key West guide book prepared. by tbe FERA; ha.ving to pay twenty-five cents tor a book with hia piotllre in ito he quito properly refUses (abooli.Ltoly) to ooopera.te with other similar agencie ( suoh as . . the Wl'.A.) Withoi.Lt soiiJ.O remuneration. Among his OQDIIlOD orieaa . : ................ d\ '-'.o::, ,, ; .. l ... !,. r .. .z_ ...... ., .. ... 1 . . : ....... .cl, .. ; -;, ,".' >>


.. ..... ,.' .. .. :..,: { ,U I )I. "!:" j . .. 1 ... : r .. ):' = FloridA :. .'J.\h't : . :! .. 1 ::;!.t .. : .. I ''' ; !t.' d ( m lkl diti ) :. .. ..: .r. :' aemore.n um: 110 ore .on .. :. Guas& Quaa& Freac&f Jew-fish 1 l'reah jeY-f1sh: Fresh Conch! Serrucho Kingf1Bh! A-n-d Conch : Recording and filming recommended tor all venders. Cantante Callejero (Rambling Singer) There aevera.l Cuban boys, eighteen yea.ra of age, who wander about the streets in the late afternoon and evening, playing guitars and singing songs. Most or the songs they play are popular in Cuba, and were learned by listening to the radio; however, the singers improvise additional verses of their own, usually humorous and'often lewd, and therefore of much delight to their listeners. Almost always poetio and wall-adapted to the original songs, the improvisationa frequently popular and traditional. Septeto (Sextet) The Septeto consists of six players of uusical One or more of tho players are also solo ists, nnd the entire Septeto often sings. The instru ments include, clavea, maracas, bongo, marimba, guitars, sometimes baaa viols olarineta. These instruments, and the me.nne r in Whj. oh they played, are the most interesting aspoota of the Sopteto. In ooatume and the 3optoto would be worth rooording and filming. Arrullo (Lullaby) CUban mothora in Key West sing many songs to their bebitas. Although Qost of these lullAbies h&ve been pubitsbed in CUba they are said to be very old folk songs brought from Spain. Grand March --It o&n not b lea.rnd 1Jmuediatoly it the Or&Jid l.i&rob aa featured a.t &1.1 de.nooa hold at the Sooied.&d C)). be. (Cuban Club) ia of CUban origin a hangover from the lllilitary barb onoe bold in Key Woat, or simply & Koy West ola.bora.tion of what it ha.a aoen in motion piotur -3-


:;u qj g ;a rn 8 -(/) 0 i c (/) g --c -1 t:;l < -(/) -.. .-. ... .... .... ":_:. .: -4.... .. Tho column separates into. two single-file columns, of boys and one ot girls, and intrio&to p&tterns are woven about the in a the leader fashion. The Grand Yaroh ends whon tho and couples are ro-unitod, and the orohoatra brea.ko into a dance tempo. (Recording and filming). Rhumba, Conga, Comparza The Cuban folk dances are very popula.r with tho Cubans in Key West. On spooial occasions, such as ChristJa.aa Eve and New Year's Eve, friends and relatives gather for a feast, after which they drink wine, rum, oto., and dance the rhumba until a late hour. Soveral loo&l night olubs which oater to the Olban population by playing Cuba.n dance mus'ic; are heavily patronized. La Comparza consists of a chorus of men and women in rhumba cos tumes; the men approach f'ro:n one direction, the women from the other, all dancing a MConga step to the accompaniment of African rhythms played on the bongo. They form a straight line, like this& -----. The inside man and woman form a team a.nd give an interpretation or the rhumba, the next man and. woman follow and give their interpretation, etc.; until all danoed. Then tho entire group forcs couples, which dance in a oir ole; the exit is made with the Conga step and IJlUsio. A recording &.nd filming of Lo. Comparza would capture much of' tho color a.nd rhythm of the Olban and dances. Bolita Thia gambling game is of special interest in connection with Key West, where it was probably played for the first time in this ... oountry. 'l'he Florida Federal Projoot baa oompiled a oomprebena1ve bis.tory of bolita. as w.ll as information on i t .. present existonoe and influonoo.


... : j ...... .,, ..... Q.lban National Lottery The Olban National Lottery is extremely popular with the Olbana in Key West. Tickets are sold by looal agents, mAny or whom are financed locally; that 1a, they themselves (or their spon sors) pay on whatever numbers win in the actual lottery, and in tho same amounts. When anti-g&ulbling lawa are enforced, as toe y sporadically arO", the s&le ot lottery tioketa often oontin ues, bolita houses oease operations temporarily. The resul ta or the lotterY' announced by radio from Havana eaoh v1ed.nesda.y. 'l.'he great majority ot Olban-owned radios in Key West are tuned to that station, whether inhabitants of the house have bought tickets or not', and the announcements roverberatO thro.ughout the Olban sections. The winning lottery numbers, whioh are quite largo, are of course announced in Spanish, and are oa.l.lod over the radio by orphans. who are those benefited py the net proceeds of the lottery. One orphan ca.lls the.numbors1 and another immediately oalls the amount of money won by that number; the result is a continuous and sing-song,ohant. This_ohant1 Which lasts for over two hours, is a dcminant feature ot Wednesday afternoons, and ahouln be recorded. OTBAM NEGROES . The Olba.n Negroes in, Key West have a rioh fund ot lore. Their influence upon the lore and customs of Cuba baa boon profound, a.nd ia reflected to. a considerable degree in Key \Teat. Thia ia particularlr true in regard to JDUSio, musical > instrwne.n-t;a aonga, .dances auperati tiona, voodoo cults. ..: .. .: : ::_. .. a.nd _tri.torn&lculta ot African origin very .:.: .: :: ... : -popular 1n .Olba; and attracted a following ot Cbbans of : .:. .', . : -..,. descent, who &.lao oontributed to the African ri tuala and lore Thol.lgh 'not ao power!'ul .. formerly, these cults are still prev_. -.::_. .... . :;: ; .. : .. -in Q.lba. . ._ .-.: ): : .. ancl ot CUban has boon : 7 "i? : toaterecl bJ an .almost totAl ot sohool education, dovm. to and the Fi-sen1(f.dUl1; generation and its repruonta.t1vea ) ... ... :. in Ie1 1'o: extent, the same 1s true of ... : -..... .. ::.h:.tM inasa.ot llhite-'Clban.a. . ' < _, : . .. .i'.''briet tMbi'atol')' '1'0oclooilt1o na.nigo .w.1i'&&i'4.. ita .. .. .. lenGthy. i'or .. 1nclua1on nere .-.. : t'ba norl# ... ... 1n tb.e .r Booiolo if' f '-'?, ... . .> . . .. :.: ... : .. .,. . ',. . .. ; .


: . : ..... ': : ... .. ... '. o I t '' "'''J ., : .. {': .. . ,, ... ' 'i' J-1. An &pprt.1sal of the ml.teri&l be oonvinoing aa the n.l.lle of reoord1ng and filming the entire n&nigo ri tu.e.J., street eto. T hia is true beoauao ot tho groat history of tho ou1 t; its one-time power 1n Qlb&, and ita former importG.noe in Key West and Ybor City. Although entirely extinot in these oit1ea ,.a an a.otive organiu.t'ion, ita perme.nont int'luonoo on the muaio, musioa.l instruments, danooa, superstitions, and folkot both Negro &nd white Cubans is ' OU'aory inveatig&tion indioatoa that a oomplote and auth'entio enactment of' tho nanigo ritual, initiation ceremonial, danoo, sooret danoos, eto oould be arranged, provided the nooossary materials for oostumos, instruments, eto., wore forth ooming. An a ge d nanigo 1n Key West, a fugitive from the Cuban Government beoause of' a nanigo lJlurder committed by him, and who was aotive in tho nanigo group 1n Key West, is available to direot the of oostumea, equipment, and to rehearse the rituals and danoes. A group of young persons are available who know the nanigo dances, in part. It 1s tho opinion of the writer that the filming and recording of the ritual, initiation, and danoe aeries of tbe na.nigos would have outstanding value, and oonstitutoa the most ant opportunity ofi'ored the folklore rooord1ng exped1 t1on in i'Iorida . If' the apon&ora of the oxpedi tion are interested, a detailed oomp1lat1on of. all available information on n&nigo oo.n bo prepared arid forwarded .to them. . Brujo, BruJeria {soroerer,._Wltohoratt)-, j '\ I ', .. The peoulia.r variant ot voodooiatio witchcraft developed .. .. .. .. :. ,;. 1J:r is Jcnolin e.8. brujeria. Ita present form and praotioea : : :.'::':_.,1;:_: :. believe' d offeoti ve .in. ouraing, t1n-ouraing1 holding lovoru, oto., .:.. .. oto.-. xn Cub& 1 t ..,..., once a more org&ni &ed and torma.l system,. :,. ... :. _: .':.-;-: wb1oh st1oh praot1ou aa outtingtJ:lo.hea.rt from white :: ::.-.. : . :,.::.::/ ,: _be.btea a with hea.r-G, and adm1n1ator1ng 111 .... : -: .. .-':.. a a an int&llible. oure-&11 to any ill'ber ot the Nogro oul t. : .... :t : .. 0 I'.',;,::.:.::: ":1 ,:1, .. / ... .. : .. , .. .. .' '"', .. I ' : . : : At_ there are in Jtoy Woat a number ot Olban Negroea Who ot brujed_ a e.ncl-the :reat1ltant to ii.m&llota. pgtiona, powde _ra. eto for ot purpo Some of. thue. individual& oommeroi&l. .. theirteP'l ''hili : .-_; : .. : .-:-... ... : :; i . .. i . ;,., . . .. fii .... :. ,.. ob'aerncl J. ..' .... :)


l.: : . .. . . '': . ,; . : -.... .. ... . '. ,; Negro Be.njo Players There are a number-at Negroes who haw banjos, which they play at some gathering plaoe or street oorner, most often on Satur day nights. Some of thom sing, and have excellent voioea. Poot Floogiea .. This unusua.J. de.noe was created by small Negro boys as a. means of earning ooney from tourists; its success indicates that it will become a tra.di tiona.J. folk attraction. Probably the crea tion of the da.noe was inspired by the popular ditty Fiat Foot Floogie heard currently over the radio a.nd on records played on jook organs. A group or ten Negro between tho or seven and gather at barbecue stands, hotels--wherever thoro is a jook organ or other musio--a.nd, barefooted, stomp out a. resounding and .rhythmio a.ooompaniment on the concrete sidewalk. All msmbero .or this talented danoe group aro bloued. w1 th extn--large and i'; well-adapted to the slapping . The danoe haa provon &0 popular w1 th touriata that the onoepoverty-striokon Negro. boys have pro ted to tho extent tha-t '.: they dance in new suits, hats, tiea, and large white shoos ..... .. --wilioh they rOIIlDve milo .da.noing. Aa they da.noe throughout ; :.--... _. : .. day and until late at night dLu'1ng tM tour1at season, the =. .. likely to. the structure : ' . ,. ... .. --. th.: ot t1.rst settled 1n the _:.:.:"'.-: ... \:: ... Bahama la.tor migrated to the'; nor ida Ieya. Their lore ia ot . . oour1e ot &lgliah origin inf'luenoed by theSpanilli.-Cl.lban and For examples .ot l .ore see l Seot1on C, : .. St&to Guide;. Waah1ngtoJl tile. Folklore, : Qmohs .:: ot. I B'lor1d&. . ....... .. :: ;,: .. .. ... ..-. : lo


.. .. . Shell Bugles When sal ve.ging wreoked vessels was a profitable enterprise on the Florida Keys, for. la.ok of a better means of communication, the message that a vessel had gone on a reef was carried up the Keys by plaintive notes hlown on Bugle-Conoh shells. The Bugle-Conoh ptore elongated thB.n the OOQllllon variety; the tip. ot the spiral-is out ott, and the shell is blown iri the same manner as a bugle. This meanS Of OOilllllUnioa tion was develope' d in some instances into an elaborate oode for transmitting a variety of mesaages. Children 1n Key West still blow Conoh bugles for amusement. There are any number of persons who oould blow a. bugle for the purpose of recording tho sound. COwroNITY CHECKERS In tha center of tho town there is a vaoant lot whioh serves as a pa.rk .of sorts, where the chief of recreation are oheekers lln.d gossip. 'l'ho habit11ea ot the oheolcor ta.ble are la.ndInD.rks in themaelvea; me.riy oi' them apparently no vooa.tion, or other:..avooat1on.. : This. cent e r of folklore. is oertaiiuy worth film-ing, and. would bo an ideal for th.c ro.oording of folklore i tQJlla __ .. : . : .. I' .... ,' : .. -<", 't. ,. I ' ; t ,; ." ;' ...... -:" o : I ' : :' : JEHOVAH s . .i. .... .: . . . . . : ; -. :. .. . r'. : : :: ... . : : :: .. ,. .. _: -. -, : : 4 -' : : . .': : ... : 1 &pZ:eaont&t1 ves. of _the t'undamentalbt religiou.a organ1 zation . known.aa Johovah'll \1/itAouea. hold forth Saturday night.,' .:.' :: . : .-:::. : .;;.:.... on oornor .il:r tront ot Xreaa in Key We at Usually 0 0 >three 1romon and. & : .man comprise th& group; which. -alternately : :.<0 tho pop_u.laoe to 'better 11 .. .: .. .'. :.' .. :'o :.-..,;:.<: :_:<'._ .: ... : . : .... :,.-,, .. o,:. : '. . aOJiga are renc!i tiona of popu.lar hymna,' and the... :: exhortations. neYer depart trom.the following tbomea 10h _:; :_:: . 1 right;.. It ya dcm1t breAk . .... devil.:arul :hi a., do and:. aorvwt God : : .- .. lllil'nll'n'' ,.;, '' . re::t ; ,:,A-mn .. tho /;;:,;. .< -.' ......


" .. ;; ) 1 'i ,,. ........ _. .. ., -: ... : . ' ' . ;, . .. .. 'r' .. . . :

l ., I / ::-::-::arod O:J: 3t.;ts0ll. of ?'Jk (all oy Stetson Kennedy nu ., :'..;;CO:.:ID 1 V A-1 11, l.l:Phabet Soil," sung b.7 7ilbu.:r A concil song in t:be B:Jh!lcos ?.i."J'iera, Fl oriful, J:mu::1ry 16, V A-2 ''O .ld ltaw-nsw. .l;. concil song learned in the Bah.:roas, sung oy ',7ilbur P.iviera, FloriC.t.D Janua17 16, l

j A.-2 u_\unt JeniiJa.'1 s-.w..g by ?..oo9rts ::J.viera, Florid3, J3nU3 :ry 16, 1940. ..... .... 1/ A-3 "Birdie, I3ir

\ A-3 "Jack and T.i'le :0Gan-3t:ll.k." conch faD:: tnle (.::;i-q ycru see sqttillt-eyed people today), told by 7ilbur :.oJerts, :rlorid.a, JunU3 ry 15 194.0 A-4 A conch rid.

<:. A-b 11Coocoo Bobo." .ln imitation o-: t:-:Jin JJ a der:Jr:..:;ed CUban, :sn:::-iqus Rodriguez, Ir:.ey 'Jest, Florida, Jan:I"-!.7 18, A.-6 ''Bazooka." !Jlnyed by a C.eranged. cu onn, ::tc:iriguez. I[ey :ast, Florid:a, J .::m-..wry 18, 1940. V B-1 ''Una T:lrde e n llayo." (One Afternoon in ::.:ay) A cut.:m folk ballad S"J.llg by Felipe Valdez, guitar accoopani:nent b;r :._!ilton Esquinu1clo, r:ey "]est, Florida, 18, "" :3-2 "La cucaracha." (The Cock:roacb) I.::l?rovise

t1 B-2 "!'Untos r.iU:Jjirott :r-layed. ani b,7 tha 3esteto :nc:mto, "ey ;3st, FlorirJ.o, .Janil3 .t'IJ 10, 1940. :DC01D ? 33 5? .A-l "Bellamena." Sung by P.oll e, 3 l.egro, acCO:JT..2nl ed by trombone anU. gt'litllr, J:ey lest, .clc.!'id..s Jar:..i:lr-j 20 1940. B-l "Jlle :i1tore You Scr:Jtch. ' S'.:.l".g by 2beodore 3olle, a B3h.a!:l.:ln regro, occom!) nied by tro;:nbone and guitar, J::eJ --:est, ?lorid:a, .ronu.n-.r 20, 1940. B-2 "licist Ur> John B 3ail." 3:lng b:r 'Z:leodore ::tolle, a 1Te0rO, occoop: :miod by trowbone ond r::,..lit:n _:ey .7est, 7lorida, J::mu.ary 20 lS40. V \-1 11.:..1 n ton y :.;1 Goto l ?he ::3t und :;!he GJt) sunz by closs cf C::o3 n c::aool chilclren ot 33n c:nlos Instit"J.te in -z:oy '7!?St, :?:!.arid:?. .jsnuar;:; 22, 134-0. v A-2 ... 1 Colu1I!J?io .tr .\ rhytlT.::lic c l song by :i)r "L:atild.e 3 Cruz Planas i n Hav.Jn:J CUbo. Sung by 3.:morit<> 3enilC.os :3!:lond Isern, school te:Jcher, em:ployod by the C'u.ban Govorl!!:Ent to teach, in Spanish, at t:e Snn In::;titute, Eoy -/est, :<' J::m.l.:nJ 22, 19?0. V .. '\-3 "I3 (Irymno rracional (;u.bano) (;..1o:m :.r,y:m) CO!:J!:osed. by :l CUb ll in Ecy ,:rest .::md ':Jy tile CUban 3S its rlat iOD3l .!...:lthem. S ng by the sc'hool children of San C.J::clos Instit-.1te, f ... CJ ;;est, ?lo:r:..d.:l Jea:rrJ:.l ry 22 1940. V ll.-4 11:Dlterr::ate 17ino." (Sleep, r:,Y ChiLi) A CUban 1ull3by, S'J.!16 'by Alb3 Jodriguez, a in the San Carlos Instit-J.te, 7lorid3, 19.


o A-5 3 1 Pa t i o de !:.J. Casa ' ( :'ha ::-ati o cf :-:.., ;ro:l::;'3) :..n old 3:!)anisb.-CUb n child.rens' folk song, S'Ul:l6 ,.,hile snpping ro:9e s.1n,; by the rmpils in the S n C-:lrlos Institute, Ke-.f ;rest ?lcrid::t, ;r::n: :r;.:Jry 22 194,0 (See Recvrd 19, ItemA-1) B-1 H Bor.efis:0. .11 A. foD: by ::. )::th:a:-Jan i:e:;ro, .7:t h occcrdion accocpinit!lElnt, in Key ,7est, ;ranuar:r 23, lS40. B-2 11.Bellomen 3 .11 :sahama.n fol:.r song sr;g '-:1J a :sah.a:!lao Heg:c-o, accordion accomJ,Xlnii!lent in .vest Florida, .T3nu::tr:;r 23, 1940. B-3 "S!?ong e r t:oney." A Bahaman folk song, also very :po:;:ular in ;est. SUng by a BahSl:Uln negro Tiitil ccordion accon3)aninent F..ey .7est, Florid:l, Janory 23, 19-:10 .l-1 Hoi:ot Up o:::'lle John :S Soil." .A.-2 "Ph:,rlis Stole the Hare. A-3 "BOil Cnbbage :L)o-;m. -4 "Bingo ':'las His i.Taoe. A-5 11Fl()';'Ters .11 .\ B::th oan folk OJ .a T:"egro, i::l !:.ey Wast Florida, JQnuory 23, 1940. Jn1.lllr-.f 23 1940. B-2 "Abaca." ( Abaca Islaci, :aah3oss) A 33h.a::!an ::clksong. :3-3 Conversation nd cOI:!I:lent !Jrec ee

.,., I I . B-4 ').!osquito nnd the s:mi FlY sung oy '.(heoclore ?.oll9, r.ey _;est F1orionger lioney. u A :S3!l::l!mln sponging song, also po!J.ll3r in 'Z..a:r .Jest. SU.rg by '1'neociore 3.olle, a Bailflnan ;.Tegro, in Eey 'Jest, ::'lorida, 1940 B-2 n;.;r. Bethel Dog Bit 1. r: ;Jsss-.1 ::'oL<: soq:;, sung by S:.aeo d o r e ?.all a B.:Jhanan 1:egro, in ReJ "Jest, :Florida, J;m-a.:Jry 194:0 .


8 :::...::co_:IJ 12 A-1 "The ::!'irst Tine I Cone Intc Co'.l.ntree.'' SUns oy n ::ce;ro quartet, Z.ey .-rest, Florid.:a, 2 3 .'>..-2 ".Bonefish.'' A B3hnnan fisb.e:c:an's song. sw:g by ?hecdore :::ollo, a Bahaman Uegro, I:ey :Jest, Florid3, Jm::a 2ry 2 3 1940. B-1 "Bill Burroughs." ('':Sve:ry >10::-d begins with ttB"") verses sung by R olle, a :S2b.a'"''"" 7egro, 5'lorid3, January 23, 19

.. \ .. z II cmn ... ,Ml:13n o pi no cc nl.:! nt by :'.011 n-1 nd 3not." pl :fl. no, i.!oy t J =.1-CO. G 3i3 oll t -1 II Cot A 1 5h n llO GO (I Got .os Blues ) or ?.o l ro, :J t '10 o n-1 1 r sun b:r :r :-o l 0 _, ll :Jt ro -1' II (0\l ,.h Jll l 2 1 :;.o. ' .i n 1 by -... ol r ol. "!'li... o J.:o -est, b:J ':'heodore y '.1 t ,.iJ.ort ,,;n:r r:1 1. o b;r .... o::rt:r t Eor iG, ::a 7.e o.. 119, ..... ...... inc lad0 ... gy

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controlfield tag 008 i19391940flu 000 0 eng d
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subfield code a W27-00289
1 100
Kennedy, Stetson.
0 245
[Recording folklore in Key West] /
c prepared by Stetson Kennedy.
[Jacksonville, Fla. :
b Federal Writers' Project of Florida,
Collective title supplied by cataloger.
Folklore of Key West, Florida -- Title list and related data for folk songs recorded by the second Florida WPA recording expedition, January 15-31, 1940.
Material on an expedition to record and film folklore of Key West. The first item is a memorandum dated April 20, 1939 that was sent from the headquarters of the Federal Writers' Project in Florida to the National Folklore Director of the Federal Writers' Project. In it, Stetson Kennedy discusses the need to capture on sound recording and film the distinctive language and culture of Key West. The second item is a list compiled by Kennedy of the recordings he and Robert Cook made In January 1940 of Key West folk songs.
Folk songs
z Florida
Key West.
Key West.
2 710
Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida.
t Tampa WPA Office Papers.
4 856