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History of Hillsborough County

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Title:
History of Hillsborough County
Physical Description:
119 p. : ;
Language:
English
Creator:
Borchardt, Bernard F ( Bernard Fendig ), b. 1889
Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida
Publisher:
Federal Writers' Project of Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
History -- Hillsborough County (Fla.)   ( lcsh )

Notes

Summary:
A history of Hillsborough County up to the beginning of the 20th century.
Statement of Responsibility:
B.F. Borchardt.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - W27-00516
usfldc handle - w27.516
System ID:
SFS0021840:00001


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PAGE 1

of t D o Dturr beto the 1e 'YiOiDitJ & in of 1 uncS. lD D hie lo for ecS 1 15a8, D 1 er 4 ( I) 0 1 1 lh 111 811 o 0 ., 1 I

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"Oh, at t. ak it i o 1 cov r n t t didt Bi. z rnalo. on to v n o b dly tr t T p lorida Co y ot Field Notes !or Florida Encyclopedi B. F ro ardt -2-History of Hill borough County. nd l cl no e at of 'lorid th n tivea r th r foro ore n l to r on D P ro z d 'Avil fo nd r of t. u i ion throu t lo id for f b n 1 e ith 0 oi' tr sure leet t t, 11 o .Juan rt1z nd Ju noz, hi life a th 0 at in hi qu making not t t r of ecks, n bloc -houo o t T ta, Calo t oco y d coav r on d mi sion 1 s. ( otnote #1.) d 1, 00 In 1 s council 1 11 2 chi r or tho s ni rd harass d him nd it no r ult THi t th y ars 1 65 yo or the c 0 looa re p o ively 1 n 1f1ed ri r ction. in d an on ho had n n ez ho d P e of ln. d.rnarks oz stabli hed nd in e ch left hold a the 1 tter re lod in at 1567. Toco-ro, In t of p in a r re r no a Vlich in ic t t on r er -t lc p 0 nt in 15o'7 h 0 t e idol rou i bit ts an OD n n y ctio it f r c b d re. (Foot ot s one o th Indian da, colony, ddi th t ) or o inaon al o so time after t oat important

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n d G Jcl r 1 0 y of t h ;p i&l'd n lo I ) h 13 1 i v 0 1 h e t t l y 'd d' y v 1 l l t 1r 0 0 UD fii ,. J u y vin :i 'hat th, to iJ8 ro,i ot) _.iva to l d hi hese .i.t to the it wise v 1nr; t u iv n p l notice to th Timuouan Don :.Panilr> d tho by the notary and 1tnossed by tic 4 ..... vJ.bly. (Diary of Ou.boz do wo.oo.. }

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-Tampa, ,lo r1 da Oop7 of .1!1ield Bote for #lorida Encyclopedi B. F. cr chardt. Hi stor7 of Hill borough county. ( 'rh1s il not quotation, but a brief resume of tbe' complet o text s quoted in the "Ode 11 of Cabes de Vaoa':) t with tho terrific enoounterod an hardships endured, the o atoeit of th rapidly eYaporat d. The fair lo.nd pro Ted a green hell," like an oro bid tr :pping flies, so it a> naume d the white man. The norro.tivea reportod bo.ok to are graphio documents of suffering and pr1Yation unequalled in tho annals of all t 1m e. The po. area 1 1" olai to. bo1ng the locale of two incidents, bath hiatorioo.l, ret with appealing heart interest and romance. One 11 the tDry of Ju.an Ortis, ot No.rvaes' bam, and Ulalo.b, rinoeaa ot the Timuouo.na, who riSked her life to ave him. Her heroism proTed to be o t oo mic importance, 1'hon. there i the stor1 of the martpdom ot lo.thera Luis Cancer and Poneloaa. .Both of these atoTies are giYen in full in separate chapters. THE DADE MAS SACR INDIAN AR DAYS "The Somino Indion are a weak race, and nothing 1s to be feared from th ,"so wroto a descendant of John Al n, an officer of the Fort K 1n garrison. i thin the year, the Dade and Fort massacres had oocurred, and the United. States was embroiled in ita fiercest Indian war ... -a atru.ggle to 'ra e bo.ck ani forth aoross a great area of the f tate:_ 11' .. u lnd1an had many sympatbiser who deplored th stri otures and of the hit "on aooount ot whioh tho hardy pioneerte life ia often aaoritioed to aavage and oru.elty." wrote

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-. for 1 h n 1:iY e or1 " in earl r ol1l1 uiz O Y r the o rred Oll ot tho n rou r "Her h "blood d lit 4 a h were ao or t d to th o :uae of nd per p 1 diaoro t pion rin full ooount of tho n ti tion et e n t Ind1 ne an tho u bor1 cl b7 tb nt to cle lth do not hap b lon i n t o:t 0 0 h h n the of h r to leuvi laverr v n lny d p rt, th Indi na hol o r oo p n th r h r ro lo 1 on t ioe ot th w 1 e d7 :or th 1 be 1 1 d to lud lo nop ot h1oh o ohi f re aid to l d hi t d ur to th1a olau e h t 1 r t tho 1 m 1 ve ari n out o the objection of the or ida. lor1 d ali te t th1 t1 0 11 t tr o t 1 pe o 1 fr oth t te a the hllllti oun s ei r duoJ.lJ oro ohed on. oh ild spirit oou n., r 0. t it elf to bite oivili ntion th 0 or or b e n hit nd r d o to an n rupt 1o no 1 h tb fir hot of the D e n ore, th D d h n rr t 1 ve o t t h ot tbi nd the 1 or :tr In 1 1 poin an int r t -

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1 to fi blow him. 1" 0 1 b n r h. thr e it ,. Halpatt 'lU tenu (0 1 t 11 ator) h be n pr f thi th n ou h ro 1 e h be n m de to n t e 1 0 not t l the oountr7, but ht to 1 t. I 00 oil, 1t tri deo1ded t t 1 t Our nt t irons on our men, o. 0 080 1d h I hi r1 h ould see to It w d that h hould tt a ort in or r to n on, th n turn to th 00 8 nd rt1o 1 at I pon tb a oldier 1 fro ort o e, aa ro er r orted that two oo w r r p ri to 19 d t in longor than e ant1o1 d. h :tro pa were d 11 on th 1r t 0 11 th roh o.lld o. ro nd. lhould w chi the Hero we thou ht be 4 te ted the Sw p auld a t pl o ot r tr t. r aoout were out fr th t1 e th oldiers 1 ft th po t o o ol t r at r e ortod eaoh n1 h t their place o t eno p ant. It was inol lead r, of oho.ro.oter, dot or ined to fr th Ind1 .na fr the white o.n'a yo Ria hatr d of the erioo..na w pt t white he t by the me or7 of eti ing insult--the seisura of 11 h lfbr d ( Ind1a.nr o) wit b7 r o1ou laTe owners, who ol C no de n 1 awful pro L rni of th p o o d aroh of r 1 oro nt fro ort Brooke a) to ort. in (now Ooal ), he pl what we 1 npw aa the nora. rl7 1n Gen ral 1le7 had r que ted reinforce ants for :rort h1oh w rel7 def nded, but it w not until late 1n D o r of that 1 r th t orders were directed to o.jor Belden at ort rook to prooe d to ort K:Jng w 1th a o ot en.

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I e 1 onl 0 1 t n ort roo a the 00 0 t 0 0 r jo ld D d u n of 0 n 10 ioh 1 ft ld n' ort roo 0 t di oldi 1'8, an t lo.oe on Deo .. t t b r 183 On t ht of 0 27th, 0 ny d oroaaad t t 11 1 bout six mil below the n loo ted. !ho pot 1 now nown 8 Dade' I with th oro a of the 1th1 oooohee they h d lin a3or r I to h11 en ft r It 1 he be11eY d ould reaoh their deat1na1. 14 n t t t th y ho.d ooYored 1 pro o i n the tr hold h In 1 n th r, 0 t he 0 htt 11, ndi th 7 button th 1r ov r 0 t r th 1r oooutre 1 n 1 h 0 10 of fl nd r r dl, I thi I 1 1 OP7 1 n, wh11 h 7 ruot in l o ore it d 1 th fir t of th o.ore--the Jar de. he J.ndi e oert in to 1 e 11 th d 4, and ile the rut le 1 o lped 0 of th oldi y 1 not re oYe r 1ol fr their o loth1ns.

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-8-, ori ot iel ot !or Enoyol p ia. rch -rdt. r on tho heat of battle subsided, Pr!va.t s John 1llomas and tu1eom Olar tho gh 1 1t w1 tli the o hers for dea a ap from the and thou. h vorel7 wou.ndod, d the p in 1 journe7 bnok to 1; roo a ta g r 1.og in on :O.,c o ber 31, andr orto tho tra edy. On l'ebru.ar7 20, 183 a bod7 of ol 1 r nt fro Tmao. I o. therod up th bodi ot Dad and bJ en buriod tho with1 tho littl lo fort whio WO.I!I their last 8' nd. In 18 2 th bodi a ore ro V d to St. u tine and laid.to rest in the 1 0 rrater7 t the .Bo.rr o a. Th thr pyrn:n de in the o ot rt r thoir.gr vas. ThG .Do. !o. aore baa m down in hi tor7 with thnt ot th Alo.mo in un a-ntonio, 'e a o.nd the Castor a.ssaore in tho far wast. It u.ntodatod the Alamo b y throo nths, and c tor' last ato.nd by 46 ;- thent1 o o.ooounta of tho !f. r are ooeasible. est Point or1 l, ereot ( 1n 184a5, oonto.ina a ynopsie of the oventa, and there 1 th lndi version given by Chi Hnlpatter-uetenngge (Chief ll1go. tor), wh toh read 1n p rt: p omi e had be n p-repari for this for ore than year. been made to as so ble on th lat of Jam.ar7, 1 t hough not to lo vethe 00 nm, but to fight for it. In it was deter ina to our intention to attao th on the third night, but the absence of osoeol ana ioanOPJ it. On the arrival of t 1 tt r it a eed not to wait for Osceola. ae the favorable o ent Ott 1 o.s ic no:pJ wo. t 1micl. and ur ed delq .rum'D r ao.rnestfy op os 1 t, nl re oro.ohed the old chief for his indec1s1 on. He ddrose the Indians, and requested those who had faint heart to

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1 I f'i 1 I h t .g ... r o, , p ir

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, 10 T p of Field Not for Florida ncyolo d a. o cht: rdt. soon c me nen1, no th ba.lla cnt ov -r u ey 1 d but no po r; w loo ed in h t r rd nd ound they ere r t1we l1t en liv bon the liah. Thor 0 ptt to do th, t r \1rav rn n i 1 th non J h co v r 1 o in ould not ivc up l izod n I i n, Jum r cou 1n, too n: y hi r1 lc, d ith ne blo i tb 1 t b t .out hi br in th n an o distn c up the ro d; but t o Indi ns on horae ok ov rtoo him, uho, orr id to too t n (1Jt o e d nd 11 1 qui t 'hen upon th d 1ot hi donn he firing had r turned to the 9 am about noon oun d looking at the dead men. lhree ll d n five vroun od. oaocol d on th night of the 28th of ao, ber to the 00 ty or 0 ith all 1 d of aoode 3nd their bodios dacor t d tro by, to mnl:: lmOYI th ir trooioun ot o or aUSJlonded fro their ;.;,ir l the rm loot\ till d1. otl ra tm them on the1.r h
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11 for l Tho p on, 1mitt1n a t d nn r of t to th 1noou nc11 . < ootno t ) In 1 9 1 h lor1 L isl tur 11 0 i tion to puroh 0 or of. ibr oing t h b t 1 fi t a l ori 1 p !lG e t bli h d :rh e r o h o f ti tf c t h :pi for t d t h littl 1oo tort, but eduction o th fo tha been d f conc1 t l o o nc b l ng p i n log t a t oft n think t re 1 n rE.l o n n tor 1 1 o f th n l built of riativ rool, d by t o fi" r ot o. 1 tl ifo or th t ti A 111n ing broo h El b n rook -1 n 1''ti11c1 1 liko, ny littl rid. and t 0 1 o n o r ot r o r n ont n c th n 1 o f th ottin of 0 In h r 1 "ho t t 0 0 000 o1toto..nding oh 0 r of 11 th 1 o l 0 di d o f broken h n.rt 1 prioon. uot d fro t o r y o 'th lor a ian 8 ft th S e in ole ur. Th f 0 ioned f r oopy of the d th ale, obt ined at ohin ton, n h i it 1 the or 0 1 1c t l) e oorr a l y o r r y d iD i t ting ri 0 or t ns emo y of th v lor d trioti m of t n o lo t t i r liv e ity inciuson of 0 0 ol tu for thou6h van ui bed th r d n w fi. t-1 0 nd country.

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. -ort ion in o no th th 0 nin 0 t 1 0 or it nl i l oott, 1n hi t outh d. d -o c 1 v r on t nemy thr in l'i t, 1 n 0 t 0 u 11 th I 1 p r Ull 1 u tod 1 to in 1 G con uo i n in h f tn s oe on nd 1 h On 0 1 7, or a art di t h 01 "1 0 p d a a lo ort ou or h of co r or the e nt oity o Dd Ci y, co f1f 11 r haul no b confu d D d bout h ti of th nioh ... rio on on y, t t outh of B ) n r 1 :r u into nol f r t n ion o ho 1 r ov 1 0 o1 tion 0 h ippi. Th I d oon ition that thy oul b our in con 1 io d to rot c th ir n 0 13 0 u d h o nv ntion a t ot 1 \T rio of t ot b ou -d uff rin ou hout 1 1 0 lar1 ot in t uoh n n 00 un ty it tulf111 nt. in I d t T B y uncl t 00 n ion c o r l n r th chin tion of c r in 1

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I a Copy of Pi ld Notes for Florid ncyclo c 1 'B. :L,. Dar\:lhardt. D e lao ac:re. llistory of Hill borough County. nd n i n lem n t th t th y fled into th vargl des. o tili tie go.n g"in in 1837. V.orn out by the rolouged war, en raJ. J' oup uoe \ ruthleaa ex di nt. He allo N d Oaceol and hi ri or t o m le, nd di reg ding and violating th immunity of truce, seized Osa ola, oac oochee, and several other un er 1 chief ond 71 warrior, and inc rcerated t hem at Fort he tory of' the escape of Coacoochce :trom o.n a. crture o f the old f r r s 1 s ex tr e ly d r tic. Osceola refus d to join the o d ohie t aina, ,. W ine, "I have done nothing to be ashamed of. It 1a for those to f el oh e ho entrap ad me. 1111 n December, 1837, the ntire number of 116 ohiefs, i ncluding Oso ola, Cloud, icano y and King Philip and 82 'tJomen and childr n w re to Fort oultrie, Cbarlesion, s. c ( ld, Hist, uarterly, A il, 193 P. 193) 1 45 to 1 36 5 Florid w s a mit ted to the Union in 1845, and two years 1 ter Hill borough County a reorgnniz'ed with reduced bound ari n J u y 1646, tl r a s sot u p a Court of' County Commie i oners 1 on .1urm i th illi m cock, C. Bro n, e n d Benjamin 00 mb r Speno r n 1e sheriff', un d John I'ark, ooll otor of t ut of this vast territory, a total of 148.69 in XQ r liz d. no .on ere .h the Collector uoed for money io ound But public office was not evaluated entirely in t s of ofit 1 tho e days. (S e Palmer) By thi ti q ito ettl m nt had grown up around Fort :Brooko

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co no rv i n. rty or 0 on 1 n 1 4 i G n r 1 Gov rn nt o ly north of it. It ou de cribed a follo I c t 1 County. to o c ur It y ill 0 u 11 i r, t. on th o th, bound d on the xt d north 1 ttle beyon Cas t nd 8 oun on h by lin runnin throu h of organ t tier of loc lying i to 1 of t hi tory, i 0 c r o ,.. It n of t i on t d oocu tion 1 e one hundred ly aurv y 8 p 88 d 1xty (1 0) iving every ettl r oro of 1 nd hioh 1 off r attr ct d ny ettlers rlan n o e to Hill borough County av r, ight en. 11 ilia Thi B ttl t of 'l' pa, nt on the on H ook tr versed bt the t d 1 ody groWld of Hill boro Co nty. ool ovon lso into County urn t, oo r, a.nd S n on o liza 1 d n,. orn in 1051, t ty-five y e a.ro, hi ory 1th lo ll nt in or pu lie fioe, h i ourc of ion r g rding both pioneers nd In i n of this in 1 i t d H oc at G ner l z T ylor, later presi t t r o 1v d the of his life hen he nd

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' -1 T.., pa, Florid Co 7 of ield .otes for Flcr c a in. istory of illsborough cOl.\nty B. Dorc. lnrdt. ,.oo n ro ambtl s e y a cful of n d iana. Not lon after, G r i C r a c ker are to aatu, lly nv hio lif Taylor' e Cr k, north of I.: 0 chobe ( R miniooencoo of S rkman FC) In an r a i d s e r e st.ill freq u nt .nd deadly. C ornelia Ti pens, Sim J r cousin, bed been oc a 1 d tom a hawke ao n more baby, nn l t tor ead. Her f thco.r, a by pro:fe ion, an moving out of tl1e d r region of County. He and h. nn 1 re fc.mily of childr n, .ere n t e r aeon n the Indian at tao ed. The ents were kil ed instantly, t.h horse run VI y, all t e ohildr ere kill.ed c 1 a; corneli n to the r n lace d by the , t o.n u t r of 1njur1 t r tau rr d, n t th r of i 1 v ri ot eighty-fo r ri ihood d on rve ll the ttl r who d 00 0 ho out of the th bnr l nd c 0 .p1l do nd he ing its ti b r cl a.ring ub o gre le fi tin av ild tru 11 1th t h ion iri 1ic 0 rice., to in d ld pla mi il cl 0 1 f the w t h r c iv oogni ti on, t t t .of the r y l.oridi Ria was not a soft lot in a land thou t o! a one of rp tu un hin d ntly ruotli l.ma. In o ection r I 1 n nor tur r 1 n 1 T reezeo not 1 ay gentle

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T Co y of Florid Hi to County. v 1 to po lo dvtur coounts of hip ook nd 1o ro tb lo 1 e n s. tbol Co in ar 1 oa as i oh c &8 of oo on 111 0 n c t n on rn fs 1 out. on to non t (give oi tio. ) tn d 11 ar giT n in vi inry form, s tohed on th oorr A of th o1 r 1v 1 in pe1'1lou o n itn (J 13, 1 5) fr Koy c t zn cls of th trip. Out of th f'itte n dy, llb t 0 d ot i th .x n 1v e f o:.. t 0 of t o X OD d. 1llu tr ee tho ro orti n tm1":1 oh eo 11-8 bu iv 0 color ... o he tory at r oo l gtt wcr :>ut ou i or r t on t r # f t o their g in 1" oy t oi iv on t i"l duotry. n d ition to tho o i.t f ck r d muri c yo th n ilor D lOre d ri th lOlG 1 hil n ill enl that blo no uno ., od, u t u. n q o atio of t ctivity of o t of T of th ti d rive fro h Li t Fort of a 1ould b of t r at to ..1. rJ 8 ho h v to d th 80 ... lO -17 17 30 no est J n. ... -

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Tsnpa, Florida Copy Field Jfotes for lorida Encyclopedia. -17-History ot Hillsborough County. B. F. Borah rdt. J n. 6 -str Jas r, Tresoa, Key West 8 Str ampere, Cozzen Key 7est ll Str Fashion, Baker, Fort :U:yers l2 Soh J. J. Taylor, Black, Punta Rassa 1CLR ED" Dec. 1 -tr Gordon, Brooks, St. Hark 16 oh Eliza Catherine, Ald r, Key est 17 -tr J sper, Trese Key eat 3 oh J. J. Ta;y lor, ta Rasa Jan. 2 tr Pam ro, Cozzens, Key est Str F shion, Baker, Fort 10 tr Pampero, Cozzens, Jf Orlean 11 -str J sp r, Tresoa, st. rk oc cr ding to adverti ent the Jaaner and P ero were Gulf :Uail r on a a mi-monthly run between Ne Orle ns and Key West touChing t Pen ool Apal ohicola, St. Marks Cedar Keys and Tampa. C pt in Tr c o hip ater ot Tampa water his home being in the te ct1on. H was to aid Judah P Benjamin, Cabin t at ficer d d f t a Co fedor oy, to escape to England. Travel over l nd s quite as arduous as by ea. There was no t coach line until ------Prior to that, th traveller made hia way by ox or hor eb ok around nev r-ending wampa and bayheada, throu h quagmires d swollen rivers, over roads which were nothing mor than dim tr ila --a journey fraught with danger and a ppaling dis comfort. Th ee trip as preferable, but month might elapse before th opportunity of a Toy ge might otter itself. nd others having buai with n 1. journey was often 11 at Tallahassee, were faced de fro Florida to New York by ae nd trom there back to the State Capital, viz rail nd stages thoua nd mile journey, to net a bare thr a or tour hundred milee. Foot note a searoh :ta a been de to oo nfirm the report that leg1slator a were paid in mileage and per diem tb r their detour.

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,. ll r pul quick r 1 pri bot h ]:i orl t 0 t1 t ct 1 r 1n 1521 tl 1m 1r t1o / I J y 25 19 .. just prid 1n e le.nd th 1r of ey found. or n at 11 of J.orid nd nn, the d tho h rt thrill ith ep 'love of coun ry .. 1v n t p p1 her t riv r d unli t s 0 c pttll' rt d 1m in t on. 1 d to b the p tr1 rch of Gt t a AJ.t it h1 tocy or t boro 1 h v navor be it is in this county t t s b &,;)in d in or.td :ro a one of tl o o t ions of h! tory. "L 0 though th tr ls of Jo co d Leon in d ous d th vivid L tin ir o1 through iron o t t recoiv h1 ort ound on T p hor 1n hi qu t toi the. ount 1n or 'Yout other Sp n1 h eJ plorora. t ll c1 or d or roy p rm1 on to conqu r d colonizo or:1..d or o t of th up plio t filo rv z t-the h d r e iv d fr Cort z in h b eki .J f lo o.l u thor1 ty to r turn to tl n 1 nd

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T "T II 1 h t tructur t hey d 1d d t r d thr th in 1 d1 'for b for chor d, m r 1 and jumpt r. d. th vill g of 11 p Ono d th th figur of 1th G. bl or hou 1ng hundr d p r o To oro d h d it only th dif'ficulty r o t1ou offic r until it ck tll hut in rch or loot. On d1 cov r d gold r ttl hidd in pile of i h n d xoit dly o d it to h1 di tely they t up tour of conqu Off! r outcry "GoldS" d d m de th t they t rt on er both r to t th qu t, but 1 d :fir t to b c rtoin that th y co plled ith diet 1 1d zoo d th Ohurah of R e. Accordingly, rv e.z o po 1 on of th n 1 d in l.on d t d ous re n 1n hi the ll nt n ti ve.s r duly dvi d that God h d to st. or. h d in turn tr nsf rr d the 1ft to h1 p c Aft r th1 r role r ony h d b n comnl t d the troop rip r d to t out, but of th oomp y d murr d. He 1m un d V c h1 xp di t1on. tro ur r, fir t uthor. n 1th p o ion for d cr1pt1on1 nd conc1o pro 1th b1 n f t1v tho curtain 1d to r1 on otunl.

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to rid : H1 o1 of h rd p nd oi t tic pr1 t1o dur d by vp n1 h e r cord unequ l d 1 o h1 toey. Fbor oUl b found f hip d1 oo:!!' d h oturn o r 1 obj ctio ov rulo a th 1 t 0 by ol lior oth r 40 hor pr dto ch to th north re t ol oul b found t'Vfl.OZ 1 d rch of th opcnin ob pr vio oy rn-r turn hr ort, or if th ot b fo d to 1 r ct to up 11 ru lo, th t h couJ.Q. .f'ina th rbor mile to th rd., but th 6v rno ord r d d th hip A ffi:t1on prep r d to co r 1 t n d i th lorida sun,. bl d s of ootold1 r follo a the prancing ly kilo by th Indi .fir -bre thi g ot bloo ucldnt in ot l rp nt ,. d b t th rd t lor r the pl'll.nge .1 now included in 11 borough County April 13, d forty m r ch d a point r thy found fi ld roc n to th next vill prob hly th t r tol by t1v of pl o to th ard-

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COl.il f pl nty o rood d old. 0 p .ft t r1v r undoubtedly ith:L QO h 6 Ind.! told t t 00 ar to cr1 t1o 0 t of th I l tr r-11kc th for tho ll'ldi hug tl1 ir n 1 h1rt l of or, tl tl -nv d r to t ched tAp d foll to 1 to con truct b t tl e jour.n by s.tcr. iL 10 ittl orthy l th b :.inni t u h. outh of IIi s1 ippi .. i cr t to nd ttor d th L b d bod1e O.f th 180 odd, n r l Od 0 r id th l:n !nturn ol # d r., n., -f'J.n di I!is ob tio 0 thropology. co ootp int d1 01 .. 1 0 11 :unt h1 opt hi f ith 0 .to u h1 cl 1m.

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1th no t1di 0 und r th rd 1 h h1 r 0 r rhnib or th xp d1 t1o th x1o fro Cub o tuo n Orti bad pr v nt d h1rli r h tho ho h d go1 fo toey of hi c tur by the Ind1 n d d '!'ul Uc t t1 d r pl t it roMa.nce or t until tho dv nt of Soto, h looked in p1r1tl c pt1 v o kno l or hop t r to l d h1 pr t nt1ou oxp diti d V c return d to p n. The kno -noth1 nonco ttitud of l t r only rv d to h 1ght n t curio 1 y of ho 0 ll1ng the1 r ol1 v t f1 lds., d th 1r t t to join th dv turo loot of P ru.. high in th f vor of t D oroua f'igur H d h1 clique of conqui t dor th 1r reti u pondinr; oney cynoour of 1 Th ror d b n f :vor d lo of 6001000 r d 1n r co 1t1o d c t oto Go rnor or r 1 of th I till ey hip 11 th. t 600 took, p iv d t d of or1d 6 ith the ti l. bould conqu r. of bl. r of trumpet voll y of t t1 vi ty, the xp d1 ion of v quipped tb rm tool blood-hound a d o or th b of n Luc t1 o_. Cub quit d th r 1 d nov rl d d1t1on to H v 1Jhlle in

PAGE 24

Cub Soto m t V co ore l.o c1 F1 ro n 1nnu nt1 pl tor 0 t cou tey for 111 t1 th hog d or h1 r 1c a y ed1t1o d to in cur1 fro ri It i 1nt to in th1 c otion t t th ho brought in by for runn r of our pre ent r zor-b ck !th expedition l din th pri!l for orid 'le vi the of Cub in th hands of Soto1 fair f nn I b ll On th 25th of y, J.539 t T p By ft r voy of 1x A it Soto c led nto (Holy Bpil'i t) by th1 nom i wn kno for ny ot r fro th. l ding pl c of th xplor a to ho chi f c l d Ucit rtoto t old1 r to th1 vill. in ho of d t e r rid! r urpr1 cey out in Sp 0 1 to h d :r n Orti urvivor dit1o of 1 TH ORTIZ tor or J Ortiz, nG ntl m ot r1 1 on of th mo t thr1ll1 in ric tor.y. It s nt d t by ore i Vir in1 of th o r1 ti 100 y or that of C ptain John J Ortiz, n t1v of Savill

PAGE 25

ot no 1 p r n H db oJ.v y r 0 tll lnd1 n n o ountry d r turn d in th 1 l. of Cub 1 Governor n 'by d, orid wi or to e port 1 c n ticld.ng upri tin p11t 1n h op_. holdi lett r, 1ch they uppo d th ft th r to g1v in:f'onn tion of himD l:f befor ng into int r1or. Th k 1 t tO bo gi v n to tht. of four or fiv Ind1 n 1ng 0 th b ho, by a1 b a. th to d :fo 1t, hie Ortiz nd noth r did# though o trryto h of other o oon r h tb ot on shor ut of tha o held th t they couJ.d On ho ould h o oth r t..1 !zed by ., o to Uc1t th r plnn c un: illlllG o Cub k t al.o Tho p pl in tb d turn to boUnd h d d f ot to u o ffoldi oh fir 1ndl. a, t4;, t h t b bUlb J daught r of the chi f tr t d .do o good, to 0 nd d d th r J..f o Go Tho h aid, might couJ.d. do no d it u1d b n honor J to bleb. the f thor cc d d, i7h n Orti got 11, h put to ol v in the night time mi ht"' not ch c rg h o night they thJ h v1nc; fr him

PAGE 26

nda ot chi or uco n J l1v1 0 d y journ burnt th town, Uc1 ".fl. din r ort h reby 000 tion, or o hi t r. 1 1 th r cuot of tll bloo d bod1 of th r opl or of of 7 ot d h ,too, th. t hen p 111 th t t 1 th1r, t y 1f1ce to Birl: 0 d fro the fir :-fthrhdt nd 0 lJ t f'l6 to mcoco, Q 1th hdh rdthth 11lt to A h k e 0 h him t d rk, turn! rly 0 0 to m1 d. "Or 1 igh d 1 rn1 c oto

PAGE 27

rr1 ory f ucoco, h d1 cov r d t of Ue1t h did not kno ho h b or mak oth r xpl t1o I ht ot k1 l 111m 0 0 0 not, h v r,. up to h r th ir tl t cov r d1 th c 1 out to th to nit, t b w uld' 0 th t lO ;.h ho o 1 th y t r, for ot und r t d.1 c out of th 1 1th th ir 0 a., took A tlley dbgn urr f1nd1n h 0 1V d, l d from Uc1t co to v1 1 t d r,vo Uu.couo. t th nt, 1t ple d God th t th ht c o1que, r o b1. o o four r too .. t1f1 d., e e 0 d th up, no. speak! ll1ng th h 0 oor01 s to th cu t m of h1 country, th t h uld ot l ve him tor y ot o honor. d 1 oul tl pl c1g1 Thr tb.r l 1 V I uppo c t d 1n r tur y t Chr t1 t t t l a., hor tory to b only vic d to sh hould com to tl t l d h p ple out t o n hip hen io to I o, t 1 no ve of o1qu to d1 cover

PAGE 28

e e ' 111 1nal1 tion. In tbi w y ho r itb him nine y h vi littl ho e of ev r ing Chr1 ti a oon r d tho rrival of t.h Govornor of or1d t hen .it kno o dir ctl:y told Ort .z t t Ohri t1 s er in th o'f Uo1 !th c pt1 v thit1k1ng d aunpo d h1meelf to, b b or d t t his thounht o ,. lon. r lt on his peopl 1 t t h1 only ui h no B to ll I'V wuoooo. Still tho c ciquo urcd him t 1t us 1Ten h t tea_ nd f! :V{) llit!l l v to go, t 11 ng ll:1.n 1f .he did ot, th Ghriat a tould dep tb he mu. t not bl fulf1llad h1 p om1a a tho joy of Ort1 t thio new hour)l till oubtfUl or truthl th k d coco, d nt h1 A doz r1no1p 1 I di ns ere ont to ccomp ny him, d 0%1 thoi r way to ort, thoy m t l3 t tmer th t hn. b r l t d. Arriv d t t c Po th Gov r.nor ord d th t pparel h h o 0 1 I in hors n s1 .. od if' h k ow e!thor old or 1lvor, h 1d thnt d ,,ot bean t n lo n y tl1r ction fro Tlh r he Hv d; .. rty l. d1 t nt :r Uo1t 1 d all they th t d olt . t he d kn 1 d e of the co st paid good country bott l" the! s, bo1ng more r rt1l Henri tbla th Govornor w s ell pl sed nd a id 1l' it oub ist tl t night b ennbled to tJlt t .s o 1do, 1n so c p t could ot fh11 to U rich countcy. Tl a c c1quo of -to t 'port, n d calli-ng on tho .Gov rnor ho 3po o:

PAGE 29

t Tho yo 1 r der l1 I 01 b o u t hold yo 7.r bodily p d co orf\U Cbl = I b llov trol, but of 1 Of in eqUit fr th Chri co ot tor th l to you 11 I pp your f vor din h tho do more b for ah 0 I po r., in d ov r fin o in your n tur r you u to h \ill lo-ym t Th f vor I hope f o r l5 1 th t you ill hold your o 0 ll 0 k p h1 h1 tor oll. b 1v n o n to h1 11 d y to Go r d h.im, t rvo h1 ho or, ot o l bl t t tb r to it, d t t. 1oul.d in l, oth r t1ol of Ort1 to r to d n for lv t1v Ort1 e I dd,1t1 y d tho oonti it tru ., in t kOd r for t :t h o forth to b d oto 1 oelcuJ. bl nd or r t r J h d r long. obi 11 tic coomp 0 of th p rful chief' Iucoc

PAGE 30

o f'urnish Pl v1 1ona d or It n not until July th n.o:r f his ab1p b .. to Cub l1 ch nort I d .. om v io t l. f [I p i,rnvelcd. av r., p Uid "for the F #13 t on. dint; one or o led Oc 1 .. s tb.l coocho d v:ts!. tod th o f l!oroes, t, o .po nt o.t llich tho rv az p rty htld built t ru o ts Th n tive c r obett r pl to e h1m th they b to "1 rv o& nnd th r ne fight r or. p h d (1 d J n 0 _tiz d1 d on tho journey d ; n_ot lon bofor th d h of tho Ad 1 do himself. J;!l b ten c1 1m overi 1 ct d bo t ,. o uco., c:d.co nnt of' hi iss .B 1pp1 auf. ring 1y r ach d rnont p1. 1 ets dotol' n d to t y to to oL th C wi ti rol gion to tho Indi s of 1i'J.or1 oomo th n hon z 1 "'e of God .til no of :A3:tho\.1.(3h ccomp 1 by p. n ol t G ro1 P t 07-pl rty. h vi 0 d. v1s1t d he 1 d d Ol"Y d v ly 1:1 to bring the know-of tho Gp 1 r,d.S been 1n 15 9 d by F thoro Loui d 1 rothor uonte 1 a th pU!'Ql y roli o otivo.

PAGE 31

V Cru.z, xico to H v n b o r tt t1 lor tion or or1 o thor t 1e orid I11d rut sq 1 'l.Or bee lO cqu ntoa 1 co v 1"t ccompnny to lior t v e l d 0 1 tororet r tho p ty "' ould l o tho n t rn oro o' oul. b o n t ve o ov reo !en this c tio n John: de Ar 1 nora th n on rou th dy!. Their f rat 1 tho t1vce d l hip, 1 ch ot p t .. 0 0 thor c ne r, ho t Co at or p t d monJ.ty of' th "( d.lY, t 10 but d ns1 on vo 1n 1 t t t th vor d 1 oa.oted pon ed of ., Op hnd din o on Dty n 549 but :fin ne con'tinuod. A 1: o :r fu\1J l ter oro.p 1 d by nilor d llo od ati.a'D. to th ot bo . ad on th o :m.1 sion ould b cro d oul.d mo et th th r C :no r 'Ill' r up t11e co st B oci t a bo rd eJ.'>c '1'!10k1ng tr t1c r o t to oont at th, ve t t held p on r,. b t mo-t olv v.1c nity of :J:lllitmtl h .q rters. t rv c tur a d o ceo d, D co a th w ro t by lde!'"on o I t11.ey :f'c ro th. t their c1 tood t nt n r.y ork. cohing th cy d c1ded to k 1 t t teir oldi Ju n odition. R 1 oz b pr viou to tho

PAGE 32

e e c B to l t z OT l b1 1517 l y l Q 1 15 d to b 1 'ounty 1 .... th h d or th 1 t r 1 c .r 1 t bo r b t o Indi n d to ship ordcd.dt to hl r liGion. od o t rt fr onth or.t t;p 0 n ti t P""' ot c !J.l vi it pilot of OX1oocu.t1on o d b n p evlou ly o d t n lo cro .... bo

PAGE 33

,. \ e e w f or1 Th c t 1 th1r t, 1 th jo1 0 no fo th of th 1r VOJ. r '.rhey db or Th
PAGE 34

e e rh1 t or1 b 0 c of t l f hdb d t th1 j_ ther 11 bl k ho OCGb yo, d 1n ion r.1 0 b to 8 t /# of th tp ni # t th or nult til 1 th old l 1 1 37 e

PAGE 35

d 1 C ubl.i ck :v1U 190 Lib. ht 1 ori 1.,200 clo by it o. o cd pubU. or.

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J T coum

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0 --tt 17 p1 0 rnduoould 0 1 to 0 ed u 1 n d th y .out d but

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-.. l FEC till t t y n tl t '1' 0 c ny of 1:r r t
PAGE 39

r! II e t or to t out d ot .. n of l C1'J p t d l 0 .. j oy to T n l d 0 00 yr th l t c 1 .t by d c ter' at of . n 1 r oc at o nt e (D 00 ot ), but v ll 1 n by c 1 f n lpn t r ot by of'.f1o r 0 tl

PAGE 40

I -I I d

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e 0 I ot 11 1 t1 of tl t d1 t :h:. prison y of' lor.t I Wars.

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t "' e ob t t r. co t d 1o 0 t 0 0 tt 0 t 0

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0 t1 l

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' ) ) 'It l '-' u.UOv 1

PAGE 46

th but rib of \70jOd.(ln brou l D 0 1 tht 1 ir II 1 1 9 I r tur1 or 0 r n turn. col to c -d n of th1 tilJb r v b ., o:r th1 bro d1 p

PAGE 47

e e 1 Hill bor ttl r# B 1 oft 11

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0 0 0 0 t ti

PAGE 49

1 1 h t in 1

PAGE 50

, t1v in Idi t 1 t I

PAGE 51

I 1 tlon 0 t! 00 to 1 l.Bl.O oliot nt t

PAGE 52

e e . ) '1 o br1of'

PAGE 53

e e 1 l '"t 1 t t 0 to 1 to t t t1 t :1 )

PAGE 54

' lt t h ly 1

PAGE 55

e e e e r11U l r .. ( do ct1 ) In tlv

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.. 11 f h ld I bs c ps rooko 111. .... na at

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e e .. #12 o t

PAGE 58

II In c o A ff ILL 0 ou c , r l or 1 r o l o r o1 1 ].842. :1: p th t d 0 ry 11 ibl of 1 d r1 t tur pio-or p1 uoh r t r io r ron. o 1 obl r 1c c of C pt 1n :r 0 ric Bhor 11 h1 hor oth r 1 ho Lou1 h yo 0 0 1 r 0 0 11 r 1 of h b 0 ttl d 1 p c or ooner a u c :n r h t 1 0 0 d hor Co o1 n ot d for 1 1 tro r 0 p o c d r K

PAGE 59

.. o.ff 1 Plori.d #2 But th or1 1 :tl. r 1ro a, 1 1 tor boo on of unit in tho o bo rd Air Line to T p oonotruoted t oyn on b or it 'I' d the hor of Y :l.'bi k d1 po1n t A o ois ppoint-m nt 0 to l 1tt1 ort 'lot1.d f s.: d to ol b n by th Int rn l t Ao of 184 1 of th br1111 t u 1tod u 0 vid L Yulo 1 a 0 dt p o ot r dm1ss1on of' 011 c l"'l th ollo J f'1ve hun d thou d or o 1 d r r n in it bord r 1 to cour nt 1 ero k o n lot until 855 did ttompt 0 1z y be ef1 t from th tion 1 Int rn 1 Irn;prov n Act, h th l 1a1 tur e t b11 h d Int 1 n Improvocent d of th tat or or1d Amon th v bryo r Uro d hich r to b 1ded tb lin fit or nciin to :1 pa y d C d r ey Th :Lin 8 0 t d o Ce r K in 1860, but a 111 hut ay f'l'om 1 r 1ro ommun1c t1o d tb no r Gl1z d until 24 y filft ., end then ot hrou 1 y conn o ion for y r th p oplo T mp th tor Yul ro d In f ct, r to r t di tin 1 hed st t th t ho h d k t h out of their Florid ted to e Union in 1 45, d OY' rs 1 t r ll11lsbor County w e r or,aniz d ith r duced bound ries. OnJ ry 5, 18 th r "' ot up Cour of County COI:lt:lisaion r he d d by Simon Turm 11th 1111 lismcock C ro n in oody, bers. 1111 s. Spencer od sheriff,

PAGE 60

p pa, d John rk, ollector or ot i of l48.G9 in t e 0 Out of th1 iz v st territory ond r h t tho Coll otor u d for onay in m 1 ., his rou d But public offic ot ov lu to tirely in t rr.w of profit in thoso dny By thi tim qUit aettl me t 1 d ou up Ql"'Ul d ort 11 orv ion. In 1849 Gov rnm nt do-n t d to u.nty 40 ores 1Imn d1 t ly nort of 1 t It s t o c urvey d John J okoo 1 d ita bou d d sari b d 1:1 ,f'ollo : It co n need t \'lh1 tin st. tho outh, bounded t d d north a lit lo t b tho Iills boro Riv r beyo d c tr bound d on th e by l n ru 1n ro h ti r of bloolt ly1 g 1mn d1 tCJly st of org n st. ijah Bird S c to 1llsborou.g h Co ty on Chri tmas 1845, f'i d1 hi h si Dov ,. miles e st of T a., d with him c sever lie. This ttle-t of h t 'I 9 l t r kno d b tl ort K1 High d th d k d blood ound of l.l oro h County C o of tho p1onoor n co of the 0 d still r "'1 much o into county histo 7.1 ro b on of lj th h pl 0 Bird t:p rlr born in At eighty-five yo r 1 hi d :11th lon c r of public offio he 1 t 1ri.f0%'ml4t1on r rding both piono ra d s of thia p riod. of the Unit d S t to T ylor, l er soar of hi life onh 200 ore bushed b d.fuJ. of In ot

PAGE 61

T p St T p Flo id I :I lonr5 ft r 1lOl1. d d Goorni Cn ck rs 11 ro to c u lly' s ve hi lifo t T ylor' Ore {1 north of L t Indi n r ids rr ro still .froquont d doa.e.;u l unshino nd entlo rnotling p m 1 no ction Indi nor n turo moro rol ntlesa, n u o tim c spxe d diaQstor. .. The nu"bulont i10 thor proceaing the t st rm of 1848 co enc d

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r nd

PAGE 63

Col.o 1 G e 1 the o thi r ho ,-rock d h h b lonein t G 1 tor r v th t t bou d t 1 ho n 0 ll r 1 11 or 0 oy n tho ntor J o J ol.. on, Govor t urv yor Tho nu o to o tt r d ll over fro L phur Spri lru.J.k Of th tor ho V I l in h t at 1 th noi r 1borl oo during the torm, but n ro hurr1 to oon uin o:t" the po 1bl to o hi r o op c ood box em t ti 1 t o he found 1 d bro . nd he f od that th b'llildi blOi ov r t iv r h d h 1 ton St1 1ioh th. ru o J:. 0 ti o on d trm7.n mb ddod in t 1r p1nc.r 00 1 m n :rro d ro ht o c o dorm fro coff l rd t ck nc1 oth r n o th t th to co or 0 if ou di c t 1 p1r1 uppli 0 th "11 d th 11 r.,..inon 1 r od "pr u u do il d tl 0 d1v1d tl ro p ou d eva 1 b rl" l of numb r of o o of 1 e R rot fe.tiv l 1 d o f d -t t l t 1z d ll 1 c pl c Hi tory 1 il t co c r t f Cliopo 1 tion ot the to

PAGE 64

d J.i ho o t on d to b built. ro liv but .don to prop ty 0 cUy Fl"' 17 8 d t t loot 1 th! hur 1o n ou d of c t lo r dronn d on tho ti dnl v a pt the poni oul 1 49 h oourthou 1 r ct d n th o stern d of ot. oon opl c d by l r er ctruc-ov d t o 1 o corn r of .... k d r nk11 St.-r ot nd rd OOOU>i d by J to it of' tl"U tur the o r qu vi b en ob tt ot c d d t r o 1 g oa n orth d o ,th, t tl fir t loor to t cor ic d urdom t 1: ctod 1 tho tl COtu:'t d j 1 t t o .t'ow: tox 1 rdo in cit roop th f1. --t umb r o 1 din c1 iz to th t 1ng A Cl rk Alox der rti L i 1 bl h xy Pro u L ron n J T boe, D otl r p h on th u oor i. fo tu o of th lit 1 v!ll buri ero d Y' f th d die ling on Str et tho oll[;ht r s rQJ. o lio in 0 l co otory, T o 1* .. 1 1860. p rh th c h f' b ua 1 e bu1 l d1 o t d h1ch ve boo n

PAGE 65

e St f lor1 '8 II oven into loc 1 lu ory. Tll ir t thodiat d '1 ct I3 pt1 t oro o p otod 1 1 52 Th f'o:r or 0 by Li ut. o o rd, h st tion a t art rook # fto rd di ti uiah d 'lhc f'irst oon1c 1 1052 o he nort ot corner of 'r klin d 1111 tordin to Judce L r n ttlcr in 1852, ho :not forth ily 'Il 1 eo b r 19"1, t o of 3 o T p t th t ime ettla.m nt a three citi ens. o but on 1 otel in p in ho d ys, c or o.;J.lipbuilCiinu d ;;;ineo ing Co y 1 a lo-cat d 1r t tt pt t incorpor t T ovm ooourr d n 1849:. but th r o r ooPd l t the orpor tion d yt n ox x rt d y import t 1 ?.l.u nc on cond: io"' 1 p On Octob r 10, 1852, th Corpor tion of .o of di-ol:vod by ot of tho Cou ty (, t cd into c n no ts d th lie to p r listed thu So it c b a th t <.)ept b r 10, 1853, lo c 11ed' !'or th e of votin of o.. J'oh"l. -lll'lb a ol ct cl rk tl nco po :ton I 13 fi of.' t 1 .t 0 l tur th irtb f th Cit io ro d 1 0 et or do d ito d bt 3 r COl' bOO"' 1), l rket d_, l d box, l t lo ( 1). t ot v ry c, y r l to on a pl. n to 1 co or t tho to \"'n pro 1dont11 nd ry .v s lly d ffo tiv b ct 185 uh1 c1 t is r lly

PAGE 66

T p tlor1d II FEC Tho ct prov1 '1 c1 th t the oi ty 1r:11 to bOl:!.ld ncludo QJ.l t l'Titory 11th n tb. r d1us of one mile from the IIillabol"O, "'l C:ounty court houoCI. '':lho boolt 6 m1 utes of 1e munic1p 1 body 7 a be ,;un 01 Au., u t 21, l 5""1 1 A Br ch w n .lor ost of tho it s ont,r d o c r tivoly uninterost-1 QJ. r.;hou h nome ro oullod 1ich closely con rn tl:lo p og1 a a of ho ne 'I city. I d.inon .Post n s o in o m yor in 1858, lld couplo o_ ne,ka aftorTT rd n orc:U.n nco ;, o po.osed roqu1r1m 11 free e, to p city t of ,EO per y 1; II l o \1om 25 p r n S g ot vo o ont by locru. niter: do it ohn D rli 1 te. expenai ve for neg1o not to b sl ve l.lC re t f ctor in the e rly developm t of th t br1of aketoh of h1a lif.e is h r c r:t th 1neluded. o uae of hi qu lltie of mind d he rt s ell his n t-urol d1 ity of m e:.", John D 1'11 boo gcnornJ.ly knO\il"l o Ju o thou,:)1 ho never h ld such po --u c ot oven rryer He cone to 'I'mnp s Ordinnnce Ser oo.nt in the u AJ.rruJ! t 1onod c.t ort Brooke He ... ho or bly d1 ch rg d bou 1847 H t: n e .tered into p rtnerahip wi TOlll ody. T 10 finn UQ.S kno rn s K nnody nd rlin G nor l rch ndi e nd o t the corner of T Glnd 7.hi ti on.11 dy d.:t d in 1858, but the firm continued. und r the nGme of K dy & D 1 ; until the middlo 1860 t s :dl n tho !Co n dy 1 t r st w s cqu1r d by enry rucio It then b cnmo kno :m s 1 oios & r

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r rll l o d Gr d too h1 t r of th llobo on1o or or h Lodg 1 1858 oo.n ou 1v ly until 1867 H h r 1 d o t po ion B rv 00 10 s fir t erv d a Gr d 11 boro Lo e In 1869 h bull o ic t mple 1th tor b t th orn r of h i on troet Th1 bu1ld1 ov d to Ybor Ci y bout 0 7 o go. Though vry t or d rv it, it s o info t by tor t t 1 ec ril d o d Th or on1o T pl d to d rli d th p ym t of oOk of m reb ndiz t took d it. Thou th ood r old, t h e C1v11 r c o nd cr ditor 11 b 1 buil 0 Pruc1o T p duri ir t r u d by s nn r not p d for. After th Civil tho fro th ddp t , D r on1c t pl lot d d bt. t1r Civil r 1n th1 tor t t th d r to sold1 r or unp d, The gun Prucios & n' 16 rl1 r plon1 h d th 1r rc d1 d con -t1 u d in until Thon both re-1 d .from bu 1n rll induced by iller & to b com heir bo t 11 Her d i:n th1 po i ion until 198 w hen t h co p put 1 bo t line out of bu in of th .fir t r ilro d to 1997, John rli rotur d to e Yor his hi broth r. Th r he d1 d, ll e o n v r rr1 d 1 ter, bout t t to visit

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t h e tion of C p n John Th L loy t t 00 d onio lodg to b or 1 in T p 18961 be a.mod or c t n Lo l.ey db n p r on 1 fri d of John D rlin d 1 \ h1m 0 v b n old d rovor d oit1zo of ell ru on. Tr v 1 d t lorid s perilou dv tur Tr g1o ar h ooou t of 1p r ok d lo of lif on r of 11 roundl th lor1d C p llolo f 1lio d koys 1ped out. odled on to Th t to u r Court n r c oa h b ion in auch o ondi or din 0 r 1v in v1dont1 for etch d on th n of t / A column of bo II r d oorr pond n b pe 1 rriv in 0 t th d per1lou m1 h p, (J nu ry 13, 1855) fro Key of the rip. Out of tb lbu tohdmt d fe 1'1 of th lo of o r tory 1 o ill tr e proportion o bioh tb bu 1n h d gro d iv 0 color o or h re put ou in ord r to pile ships on th to h1r ey t o1 1 thriv d 0 tbi i try. In dd1t1o to th profit of th oney de by the d rin th p B r pont their hore dur1 lon &tit rep 1r r b 1 m d It 111 g lo blo 0 ood,' mu t ur l h :vo on rKey t quot t1on 1d of th ot1v1t of 1 port of T p of the time d ri fr th rin List -Port of T p hould b of int rest

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e e T T II t o T rulf' nd ho D n no h v 30 (1 854 ) 10 1'7 1 7 30 2 6 a 11 12 c 1 lG 17 23 J l e S r ch J n 2 tr. 5 Str. 10 tr. 11 str. Accordi 0 l. r c p r Str. r Soh J dvrt 0 t P n Tr oa ----c bin t orrioer of th PIC u Th sooi 1i until 1856 b tl s outbr 8 d d p:r d tiona. p t d Conf of in ole c Pro ere of th port. d ll1oo1 FEC #12 R osa Orl. rlca, c d B d rK j or oy, to o pa to ity proc Od d ong ev c d t y of d :xp ion ere or1oua1y hind r d tho h not t1r ly topped, y n

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A T p e e T p II tat r 1 d troop hich r 1 t r u t red into F .der 1 rv1o At on t1 h re re t comp 1es of ount d orid inf ry erving und r the ederal ova e t. There s one rei l t of r und r Colonel Bt. G orgo Rod era d t\o bot ni c led q d river All uOV rnmo ter's t llio bo t supplio ho did th couti in the l n :f't n n edod. re bro ht by e er from e or to the incre s d nuober or soldiers qu rt r round T p or oupplie re n o ss y nd res t d 1 1 or sed business d pro por1ty 1n tho you o1ty IIo ever, 1 tb county, the m raudin b d of ho tile Ind1 a interfered o t r1ou ly 1th th took Bro r fety d proap rity of tho farmers nd R cords of 1856, 1857, 1858 st t th t the ro d commissionr r ot r quir d n ro da unsettled condition hloh r sult d fro In 1858, th co d em1 ole c d bridges boo use of the Ind1 n outbr nks. to close and ain her b g n p riod of p c d ourity. w ettl r to e t bl1ah th ir hom utting do large tract of nd oonv rti h into thrivi f rms, r hich they d riv d oomfor bl d 1 id th foun tion for enerat1ons of pro p r1ty for th 1r d acendQnts. Th old ro ds th t d be neeleot d during th yo ra of Indi troubles ere rep ir d d r r built. The schools hioh h d b n for th oat part discontinued duri d 1859 :rare reop d d tho school non yo rs 1857, 18581 t had ocumul ted d1 tributod among the nine d1 trict e oh diotr1ct receiving bout o hundred dollars as ita ah e.

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e e II outbr 'l'h c n1ty of th Civil /}14 0 lo ed o gro unbind r until th

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e e J1 to of orid oopyr. l923J Tho (P t d pr 11 Pub. Co. 15 t), 3 vola; 7 G rdner Cutler, o., .Y. Lib. H -975. 9 Hi tory of Hil bor-ou 1 County, ' L. Robin o uthor & pubr., copyr. 928, r p 1 or.L Lib. R -975.965 I o c 1 Tho 1m on 1934 13 1855 p "lori" er, p Or! 'lorida

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0 of t t c s d oueos, tho o .. k-1 d 00 or t1 0 0 c1 ot rou 0 1 r, th position tl b oey s nho 00 d t: ft, o st loo o, tor e. 0 t 1 1 at e n a.. 1 don tho l aid of tho to t d 0 t'lr 1vot d onty oun J d1I ct d 0 e to .ftoen ...-. oitsn v1a1on u Gig 1 u rri 0 ott tho b y, oco, o tllloa t o bo 1 J tho a ption 0 hih rty rrl 1 l th

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4 th 10 .. -c n b of' ea. 110 to ao v I' lo, r t nd Tw: out. on ot: h 1 t b tber at of lC I' G !f. ox ol ol the xphe r y b ck by
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r r 0' 10 0

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. c 0 l" t 1 1' t cl: un 11 f ortl.y d u, lt 11 b 1 lo t 1 111

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ir of t I \ n t f bu; e a t old lc e ort th on :in tlo tho tl r

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Co n 1 in 1 ol u.111tion t 1nt Ol t d hundr h of p OZ in i ro thy for 00 l 1d f'Ol' th n p to 1n vl.ol t OJ S .-II 1936 .. 11 borough n ciG r f ctori a d conso-ir ccount of sufforir:: of d th Cub f tho community 0 tho I 1 ndor frOl!l p in he ee dt.d not ono n utr i :t Although t o :t1o 5 ,r PP r t1y chful C ttOl"3 1s 1 den s fo tho int 18971 the t s do or ir .t'Uibusterin plolts. 1 Three d y bold nc b r tm nt in overbo rd c of th :mu t b it ric 0 t a rmd l. r el ct Go rnor d cour ea by f vor rmined not to t ric uthoritic 1 t t to connt1tut n d d t e out or th ori ina.l u orit1o tol r nt, th

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l a ltart .' orida c for o ptu.r by Sp in ould n 1th r th r1ng q d or t rv t1on 1n p n1ah dungeon y thrilling stor.1 s told of the dan r incurr d by th ril1bu t r On one occ ion had n 'I'l'O c h brok a boiler pl e while att t1ng to 1 d o rgo on th Cub n coa t Imm d.1 t ly the Co.ptai-n ordered m shift ls de ship to o t 1mprov1 d y rds. He then put th d!enbled nd t h1B cour e for: th Flor:!.d lfQe, mean hl.lo up ddo nt lookout for Sp ish gunboats known to be lo fing th co st. The D u tlaasn drift d, rather th n sailed .. to 'lorld w t r 1 wh re the revonu cutter cL ne" took p asengere d b nd o r o in custody, lee are e 111buatera&' glorio the headlines of the T!mes, July 1., 189'7 40r d cargo re being lo ded eolud d pots lon th by d a -tho grew mor er lo d d t 1 city doCk u.nd r tho v ry nos s of cue to det ct1vo in United St t of r 'Ih1 1n pite of th f ct thu.t Pinkerton Sp 1 government plus rorce or t I he dquo.rt r a in Tampa to prevent shipments Th Cub n orked ith uch col eri ty, cr cy d to work th t they b fl d the alouthu completely. \ m ter_ol as uled through down-to tr et !thin f w f t of the Custom ard lo d d on sailin vessels. The filibusters h d their rendovous fu.rth r do the co t whe1 t:t.1 u.n1: ions and men ould be trans ... f rred to f ter ve sel.s, such the tugs "Childs" and -"Bi cayne," bich h d no join d the filibustering f1oet. A gr phio ocount of the mu.gg11ng of' men and rms is given in th Temp Time 1 r h 25, 1;89'7. IJ!he rt:!.cl Tll'1tt n by

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II 1' 0 o t ntl 0 t r1ou r t ho d into 11 borough y ter o r until n 11 t oon until t r 0 ould don to 1ty ck o no n t 1 1 r t 0 tr1dg 1 th hold nd ddi n1 t, p th r nu utt r h1oh tin n oppo i d vi ito t the ho 1 d n J L of' th tug, Cr pond t of t York H r d d t pr d point piok d up t o r r v 1 I tin for th clud d point. A r of 0 llio rrlf'l qu ntlty of t r for Cub n 1 urr 0 p r ... r b ti lf 1but1o to of th In ur nt th d n b to our nto Cub G r 1

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p p II r i p t r1 d out atop th T p o1g r f dOl d hopin thereby to t1. 1 v r City) o t Cu n court nd ob 1 d pr v1o b r o would ord r but ould b hipp d to th St to l tion t tob ceo r r r l 'll>or d P1 nt, t r Uro d red by hurr1 d nnt H 1 t t o furn1 h th uf otur r th t o hips, th cott 1 to d lo d ceo, but o v ry nook nnd to 1 -look r n th t t -th v L t k pt ctor1 rurm1ng 1nd try tion. n d oon f't r 0 111 ur h p 1897 A 0 t1nu r por of s ru 1 y 0 Cub n 1rcu-1 d T p bl1o o inion b od d w vogu f l.ur1d p ret, d ctivity 0 th Cub of th t1 w id Pro id nt un 1

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dtr ct1 w1 h or t ry of' t 11rrfr hr t co c tr t d T p e pr1 1 bthril hr 0 b 1 of T r f' 1 5 to pl th Unit d St :t into r Th odo 00 v th to v b 1 1t of th t1 dity of o -d t futur Colo l. of fu Rough th 1 1 t t1on. 1t c1llt1 t1o of' 1 d Th of' tho Un:L d te d t ough r h d ot b n d cl r d 1nr try. d rt er to b point r o a It s tho n t v d for it ub... ro 1c ol1m t t b for v ntur1ng to th d tht poi t of lit ry o 1ng J.n for th ort11'1c tion t go.ont d 0 th B Y o of nitions, country w 11 p p d t p1d-f1r om Br zil J r y co t d in the orld. Th d 1 tion th T p R1 nd ori 1 I lit! Both th o or.g n1z tion o ot1 At t he o th rov1ous

PAGE 89

.. t'U orid II ti rot ir off.. rc 1 28th 1 d thdr fr th th th 1r t t1r lit o th 10l1V tt t th t h b ority to t forth d d r :uoh itb th d cl tion of # lor! i d t Port :.t: p ov t1on :r qu at d to to the dt c d upon .for on

PAGE 90

t tf lorld r olunt r off r d the AprU 16 h, t or tw ty-:f'our r 1m d ltr 1m could b t too r vul r ob111z d nrou con 1 ti und: r co d o or und r co d of u s S ft r d Ooppi divid d b t en Ne Orl n& nd obil Th d of G or Brooko o t of na-f rr to T p t tim du.ri o,ooo troo d one ped:"in p d ita en-viro : fro or T to p li ight t ff on th 12th in th r o the inv d1 nrmy. c d th r 1d c ok To on lla. t Avenue or 1z tion. Th1 ibuilding 1 till t d of con t nt excit t in th city of p 51000 in popul tion. On tho 16th of Apiil th no c S d vot d forth r cognition o Cub pl t 0 d both e;lishboo d ror onat r b i htcn d by the rr1v 1 or fiv camp 1 U orgi :.a.lJl 3 OOrtd o G or i t oop r.rivo in p ho Con ed dur.t oto P h they re ) ed. dth SiXty-nin of Yor. ., th c ti u t 0 un 11 fi tins un1fo ind t e h t t1o d1v1d d inst 1 lf.

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h1 ut x 0 t d lo t1o v t 1 d1 o r r h c c t t J.yth 1 t 1n

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II ft r l tt1 of cord in tho c 1 e t orth for 501000 vo1unt :i: 00 city t d tl unition t l g of'troop fr 0 o hour1 or pa. In to ur O".J._ d d by porto b n to tho 1 th boo mddl. of O:J,.iv tt tncy d all. th U'f)J.t d uriligh conpletely th. Thirty-1x tr O!lf an h 0 tur l'l r p 1n ort t th tim b ind iti ord. rs ic ot ho J s .. 0 ay, 0 th p 0 rr1 dt jo1 L 0 r1 .. d c ptur on t bo 1 ter. h 1 t 0 of e or1d1 :fir t e r Ch:te.f 79t 0 ith d Cro th r too th 0 orto co, 1 ish th t th glory t1J.1 cy ch turn d 1 u July 21 t, 11t l. u; 0 p

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Introduction -- The first coming of the Spaniard -- The Dade massacre -- Beginnings of Tampa and Indian war days -- The early forties -- Civil War period -- Tampa's part in the Spanish-American War -- Period of Reconstruction -- "Curtains" for Fort Brooke.
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