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Centro Español ; life histories

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Material Information

Title:
Centro Español ; life histories
Physical Description:
141 p. : ;
Language:
English
Creator:
Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida
Publisher:
Federal Writers' Project of Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla.?
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cuban Americans -- Florida -- Tampa   ( lcsh )
Italian Americans -- Florida -- Tampa   ( lcsh )

Notes

Summary:
The first work tells about Centro Español de Tampa. It is in a slightly different format than the work of the same title presented earlier in this digital collection. The other work is a compilation of life histories of ten Ybor City residents. The people interviewed are mostly Cuban immigrants. One person interviewed was born in Italy.
General Note:
Collective title supplied by cataloger.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - W27-00998
usfldc handle - w27.998
System ID:
SFS0021850:00001


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Full Text

PAGE 1

s ot lit h c 0 hl Y -1-1 lr dy 1

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1 r 1 1, 11 on iv 1 c u t or h 1 c1 r ni h d t to

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v t t I r t c o r y 1 1 r t 1 0 0 1 -' t t 1 c o cl c c 11

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. v l 1

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) l

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' I

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1 t 1 1 ts cr -1 n .. 1d lard 1 b 1o 1 lo

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r on 1 le to dlo 1 id 1t who in ttl n ri it t ori.ty rro ard of clir of tu Th follow1n f oil t1 o 52 od part e t 6 otors, ot1t1oner 7 ... y p tus, p y Cont 1ous d1s e Ina ll. 1 servo od rn ho pita s d s d t th hosp!i.t 1: at le, ltho& ... oonsi ere t one d lq_tt ted l.lSSd i clio l ssoo1at1on b s wt pro d o as A o pit lt u h C1 Y trip to the 1tal fro Ybor City rro 30 to m.ln of o&r tr port tl JJO 11 t ty 1 ut d ut

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CI c t1 00 t 1n v1o1on or 10 c ... 1t c bo iJ d C n or 01 :1 ot of c b 1n to 0 t t 0 0 1 c oir r1nc1 ,.. -o eon or o n 0 0 ti1n 11otc u on 1r t 01 b u 00 pro-t s octal ot1v1 -pl y t t v n to o 'or cd 1 o1t creon by tic. 00 o.ll tt. t cl etc 0

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to 0 1 1 f 0 to lt. 1 -c 1 O.L 0

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t c cl b, 0 1 c 0 t c

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o t t 1c J I 1 1or. 1 1n c ol

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-. t lc n is n 0 0

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t -0 t 1t t

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-7-1 or r o f'or ol 1 ol c1 t 0

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lt 0 ol :

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1 0 h to d1 c d l.l but n Th it r lly 0 y in tl it u d. r 0 o111t1 u c n d for in th o ub 1 1 th o ion of tr 1ly 1o-0 t to or oo1 c .. no t or City. 1 0 h t n 1 co 1 of c h r hour 1 n r l1y o n t r on ho roniz u lie r 1 ol ot in 0lub .tin co 1 ton ot 0 0 1 di n too oar ot nt ot t 0 r n n no 0 Clu d rio 0 tion l t 1 r or th ul in nt. b11li rd th 1r o rov1d d th y ciliti 0 1

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urni h h pro r r cr tion d inc hi country n th r th r l ying th r H pl th ot r ere tion ithout uffici nt r on for c u th y fford ood ch nt 1 rtion. To or int r tin th lo r r r -quir d to p for th drink t nty-f1T c nt om ti p y nt of th drink th titu th nt o t. All r h v r mium. In thi nn r th g con i in t d of n to in" th of lo in th y ubor int r ting. Th of p tty o ip cr tt r rt ining to t th g r u lly p l d by doubl hout d cha ti ch oth r h n b d pl y occur 1'h noi d din ri o loud tbnt on h1n l th n hout. In ning nd pr m1 o husbands o llou t rly hour in d of cour f'urth r tion or ho th pl y hould in fro th di di ficulty in h 1ng .nyunday ornin t bl nt b n ru hing out of the o r d r to rocur a. ood t ble.

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.. 1 c d pon r on oy bil 1 d 1f 0 buil i r in th it 1 con -t th club. in n th follo 1 club portion o t r o f or y c lub hou or buy t p op r dj c n 0 c lub nd t r build dir ctor caul no tl 0 1 to d lou t1 c t r cr t1 up n 1 o ub t tition g in t r club t n t 0 1 c of in r t on t rd 0 c .pl in c 0 1 c In d to toil 1 n oc ry ctory or t bli nt till t -t r ntic 1 ordi or if or tu ;

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tur ll.y ucm long ho r of s "ror exerci e 1 v lue o or niu provid aut 1c nt d h n ver culture nd ol r n r plio or no rei r cr tt or ni e b th n olu und ir bl 1 oontinu d to pl y blic chool in 1 bl1c1ty tor h club T ountry no rd 1 t v io 1 n c nd 1 d cl b n it tt d it tic ith n tr in din ot ort n nt uc die or ip o t ld r n in b.ich t yo in YoWl t to u to ln or City 1 t r cr tion in ul tur or City q o to d u th o er in v ub th r hi on 1 to oth i '"'r to

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.. 7-'

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c 0 h!: ly it 1 t

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0 l.U'b 0 1t sti ution 0 1

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tb ir 1 v 1o h0e p1tol 1 ue to th f ot t tit 1 ot r d J th or1o d 0 nt pit 1 ln ord r t e p tb 1r st ndin 1 o1ub cb t This will t n:! to hl olub dl o.r 1.50 p r h, tiller. T h i nd t f lt 1 b lo g to th c tro 111 to in-0 ln th C tro n 1t fotmdi ls n ln the follo t b&l tion. l 06 216 1 07 15 190 329 1 394 1 10 as 1911 330 191 :536 1913 31 1 14. 2 1 1915 385 1916 316 111 263 191 374 191 g 1 ... a

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1 1 l ll :u 11.! 1 l 1 l 7 1. 1 l 7 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 1 l 1 l; 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 I

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\ ' c l l "1. ll.G "1 0 .71 u 11"1 10. lS 11 l 11 100 J.n.l5 ]!) 17. 0 .-r.:G .. 50 oo l.CJ. .'10 l ( /Ch- l 0 .10 ;.: l "1 l

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t or e to 11 t n 1 0 0 conr-' t t 1 or r ur n-1 ie nt

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y t t c 0 n 01, 0 n 1 h i ril 1 a, 0 c u lo by th 1 0 ly t 1 t .o b t n 1

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0 i ort jo :Y 0 1 r 1 n co 1 t 1 ol 'to dtr 0 club d 0 r t ou t1 f-

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c r t 0 t c -11y 0 1 title 1

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1 c I r di-0 1 0 0 1

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1 n d In 0 11' ct r r 0 lc 1 1 t in 1 w t or 1 t io 1 ilt 1 1 t r 0 on c t r o 0 co oli 0 r 1 0 t t r it 0 11 OV rt eo l 0 r lub u r o e ini ion.

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t., co 80 on1 -1 0 not. c 00 t.o c1 o or '!I tor it. n neo m T Ce t.ro tuFtiliat.ion ra tor in o 8 or 111nea or ch pr tect.lo in the 18 .. ork nd in p in, s they r celve tht club woul loae e <1 or t. le t t.io 1 n orit.y A t.url ct.iv clube' icana aucb co oli-

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lllMl'Ylft aa tor '\Ureal __ .. ta a rr tJPl lt, 1Atn tor Mkllll lala tar ... flah-.. J'Pltal a44e4 tor a ttu aaa.r- p lui U of a u -.1op4

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e -2-I h Ye T 1 ood tl'i d 1 o I and who Talue Durin the U I w 8 1 yer th re wae not what there 1 today. They w re "ninths (noven ot pure aporte between cigar-era; and there wer ny pl yer fro them was Altr do ontoto, who helped e con id rably. e "R d" ot Ybor pl yer, ot which artinez Ibor was preaid nt. The opt " our "ninth" which wa the S an rancieco". terwards, I haTe deToted eel! to tiahi I alw a o on tiahing tripe eTery week. I w a leo and am an teur of ballads. I co poe d a balled to th (2) (Z) toe-or a "Tropic 1"1 nd y the low" I glimpsed ten "canes", but 1t wa .. f ilure I lac ed putti on the tone to the t1 ot the guitar. I did not occupy olf with t1n1 hi it. e fir t part of the b llad wa tbua: la ae aoabo el maleetar t que quart todoa loa d1 aa u a o to oa loa dl a l hel do Tropical. (Tr nalation) ,nxiety ia at an end ir d 1. (4) (5) ut I w "twiat d", and l nei th took t ten "guayoe", nor anything. 'The (6) "trok of the sabre" gave no result. (l) (2) (3} word 1a u C This 1 quiv lent to of c llin t nWil't'ltar tre to n eb 11 te la ia en expression very uch used in lbor City. It eans ot Cuban origin, meaning dollars. In a way it ia "bucka".The word "c ne is only on ot s ver 1 ways o a, th "aw et pot to", th "Gu y can (the lig c a" (Cuban aical idio tic expr sion ia Tery uc employed here, nd is n th re ia diacuaaion (nnd th re are many) and ted, he will say: rroll te. (You haTe de

PAGE 55

-4-on a apr ; or fui a "I went to have a cood ti " (&} Oant1co. Diminutive for ong. ('1) 1a Une 1 repeated a ver 1 1 with a little sh d or tone differ nt every time, (8) Here he r r rs to t yes go (Thr iee en.) They were 1 o ccustomed to burning th old year here. o p op1e would at to ether in y oupe, and they would ymbolize the old y ar with e puppet so that the comin n y ar be better. s the bwned, they woul e y: say: "Veto ano malo, a ver ai el que vtene ee jor". (Go vil year m th t th coming one is better.) Ther w Congo, who n ur d y to a to" (Sunday lidey) would He t th t ana "vtene" (V1ern e) el otro v y el otro, er Till "ta" la tr " ( omorrow riday, the oth r the oth r, man lou 1 t (l) to ive it to himeolt in big'. '!'here ls l.so a the ehildr n, nd that 1 when they o play jump in t e rop th y ng this: l patio d m1 c a a particular. Llueve y se moj Como loa d a gachate nina Vuelv t a ch r: ue ai no te agechee, o Pued s b ilar". (l) Th y d of. my house Is rticulor. It r ins and is soak d Llk the oth r Squat little girl, Squat in: If you do not squat lou cannot dance. (1) Se la 1b a dar en gr nde. This idio ti,.c form ot sp eoh 1s v ry co n in Ybor City. The equivalent in would be "H was going to have a big t " (2) Ther ie also enothe.r g which ell childr n in Ybor City or Spanish or Cuban parents, play. 'hen they ere laying "hide and seek", in order to aee w o will b "it", they o thro h 1 sort or j rfon: Continue on Pa

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-l do not (1) over t e t ple. to church ver 1nce I round out t (2) th rey-1 nders took So notice it I haYe one to church. hh doe not oa that I do not haYe reli ton. reli ion ie th follow! do od to ot era. It I (3) know ot acmeone who h nothi to eat, I c not sit t t e t b1e. Tb nguieh ot (4) yon 11 my uiah; I feel it a much aut! ring it. I do not belie'Y in do in harm to nyone. e1. t !.r o I t 1 n1 ty inst nyon 1'h1a 11 my r 11eion end tb one which I iUJPreeeed on children. I not b l1ev1ng in the pr c re, w o wit little book in th nd, nd iving (5) him elt Dl8nY "strokes or the breast", "and if it o ee to hand" they will do harm (V) (8) to the oly &r7" "They are ll lite enjoyera" of religi n. (1) hia 1a a hWDOroua w y of ateti that h h nner attended ohurcb. (2) f idlo tic pr salon, d t ia uee to further 1 presa (3) is is a ehortenl of a nteno T e tn 11: ftl o ot sit at the (4.) (&) (e) (9) (8) t ble n4 t ' ia is an expresaion co nly u ed to on "handy". In the 1 "if nece aary". 11 aaint ia y uch invok d or n in City. ue to it continual aag 1 t a ow oo to "ev .rybody" .. and 1a us d in

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r brt t (1) place to tall de d". (2) giTe "neither a de collection, but t e pr acber did not t pl.ac w a, undr un th t. cr cad t on Th pr c er tay d t hade of trH. en the ne o e lready buried, he c e 14: "as a you are, aabea you will be, throu t.b o turia ot the o 0 ly id theae worda. At t ti he ol p d on 1e 1 tt o tor 1 r" It 1 d .. n tor .ric n, he would haTe id 8 n of two our w icb would h Ta put one to sleep.
PAGE 59

-?It re 11)' eeemed that they 4 a clook, as th y did not vary a sin lo 1nute. One would trap 1111118 lt T ry t1 I would wr p th rope around my arm, end woJJ.ld pull, oldlng on to pol untU uld draw hi h d (l) co p nion uld lede -h r d it iron that (2) n s dootor" could r TiTs 1 t t on d y wb n I o u t (3) a t 1s he ulted o ord t t al t c r.rl d in d marked on my arm tor one w k. e pull e gave e ttw s (D) "P'or the matches": Since then I do not c icb eny ore s ks. "not en JI)Y v n the e rop re (4) ot for pl y ... I also r mber fox which we started to hunt. You con aok thi ot ny of I'IJY trt nd You y l ush t th1 tory, but it is true. :very t1 w s opp d to rest, the fox "ould top lao and ould look t us from tar. It really looked (6) "lik e w t d to t ke our h ir" 1 lly at nigh r 11 e were abl to oorr 1 / J hi in rabbit' cave. clo d up the cave and lett. Th tollowin dey w c e b ck, nd Df friend fir d with his gun, nd a rattle snake came out; and when we thought t the tox w s co ng out, r bbit c e out. in lly we wer able to t the tox out, whioh r bbit d 1ale toxlh (1) (2) (3) (4) (5} {6) pl cad in box. It se a th t th rattle an ke, the er in t o gre test h ony. th t h s b en chan ed so as to give mor force darria" (a al dge h ). is a 1 exprea-1 co p ion v hi a terrible blow on th tot e blow gtv n by ol dge ha r.) sion as us d in Ybor City aignities th t a or elp. It' was originated in Cub beca ee C ineee doctor. In Ibor City it is uaed this is: "Almost wr o e ion w ich by it contrast .rm". u d in this gone b tore. uBot'l ere is

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Ib y rk r 1t ia t y. or D. 0 11 be ll 0 of f at I .... w 0 n t I ly 0 t ni t, n cr l illtb l t c or c1

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3 -.bile still a this ork, I gr dually be 1 ning the tr d as I saw that they were making a much more comfortable 1nco hen I had beco som what proficient as cigar-as earnins tro 14.00 to 15 .00 a k en I had en in Tampa so e two or three years I s nt tor my wife who still 11T1ng in N w Orleans hen she arriv d tn Tampa ehe buret out crying at what she saw: wildernene sw mps, all1getors, mosquito and open oloeeta. Tht only thing she would eay when a arrived. wae: have you brousht to such place?" Here we had two more eons and one died. We had in all four children, ot whom three died; We only h d on child left whom we w re bl to raise. At about thil time lolr.' tinez Ybor (the cigar manufacturer) was offering ho s tor sale at a very low price. I therefore, went to him and purohas d a hom at the corner of 18th treat and 8th Avenue tor the price ot 725 I still have this house although considerably r modeled I paid 100 cash the balance I paid ott in monthly terms I w s able to do this with the help of my wife who worked also at the ci ar taotcry. We worked in eTeral factories, sometimes in eat and ao times in Ybor City, wherever working conditione were better. In all, I worked 28 years t the cigar factori a. At the end ot this ti mJ eight b came eo What imp ired, nd I waa, th8rofore, obliged to discontinue my work. y eon grew up into a young n married and h d two children: both boys One ot my grandson ie arried, and the oth r is still stne y eon has now been out of work tor the paet thr e years.

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a aort ot epid o" th ci r -er er 1a a natur l p ple of oor du ation. Lat r I lso wor d at th n onet, and then cho with Villamil w a leo partn r of 0 t th t ti In 1895 when th a brok out b t and Spain I was conY lese! fro pne ni of which di e I w cur d by o otor rtin C ballo. n tb w cry w iv n at ire, Cub I aa in workin t th factory of eor zed the Ut of ru r, Club" at f ctory of net, nd I w a de c r etQry ctor of fund in ord to lp fin c1ally the r volutl on at in. littl 1 t r 1tr1 e w d clar d at f ctory .tlch C Ul d to o i ln mplo in t sa ap ola" of r ol co tory e or ized t tr1ot1c clu of WVeng do e c o) I w de Pr aldent of the club, ana lao in char e ot coll ct1n donations given by th ci or- e r a &.alOi! which we ny Sp niard w eontribut d to the Cun.c u e I w s l ao found r of notb r poll lc 1 clu nown a "Oracle is s the e of th attor y of t1 (Cub apoatle). After tbie club h d b en orga zed, founded anoth club of which Vietor z a re ident Uitary hero

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do 1 l r turn 4 to I ent t" work t the lhip yard or d h re only a 't nth1 At bout t 1 ti Louie Hippe eier gave lo nt as to of the 11q r w r hou annexed-tote lori Co p y b er f tory hich w t pro rt7 ot the t 17 ot v Ybor. ile etUl loy d h r I was de d collector tor the beer ctory, which e ployment I h ld until the 7 r 1Q20 when prohibi ion w nt into etteot. In hi y r I 1 tt tor w o was c nat nt co ion in 11 k w!t y d ught r trip ew York I w n t to Clev land but eturned shortly fter 1n 1921 to ampa. I l 23 I lett in to York with my daughter 1oseph1n and tter rk1ng th re t T iou positions I was ploy d at the o lpin ot 1 ltu t d on 6t Aven nd 33rd Street. I rked here d1ab-w h r r 1n d t tb1 1925 at w ich ti r tur ed to plo nt until the year ho e bas Fro l92G to I worked t the theatre ot L'Unione Italtena (It 11 11 Club) :w1 t ictor Fernandez In 1 r 1oe Ch un p1 ced s rent collector at the firm of h111p Licat Co., which ployment I still hold I d wr1 t y Dticlea tor th firs ".Pr n a Sp811l 111 b7all s t unded in Ybor City by r rancisco de der the direction ot r Jose Cortez Lebr c lled rs ot th st tt: 1ac1nto nbin

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I born in S P ON L HIS ORY 0 DR. TOS t1 f...Ild Tr Bl t d Li te:r lly. T. ld l Gr nd Cub in 1 e. I c e to K y t ei t nths ft r my birt 0 th t l'l11 b ery, nd I a w ny bora I r rnber havinG b n in private or to keop tro nnoying in he house. d t 0 very ton of 1 dy th t s. J!I" cisca. b by boy, so je louo t on dey I gx bb d him by the neck, h'd n t bent n w y fro I bel1 v I would bav otll .red him. until around '94. 'l' gr t 1 p eb iun t h d was d en l ctrio et ear. Th 1 pr s ion h t it th t ho could etre t c ova without horu I would at a up d o ld a k oth her w r hor nd e ould toll e t t t y t t oar. ne tbi I did hen I ste p d down o o runnl to e he til' t chool I ont to lere w s the ree 8chool on 6th venue, bet een (1) 13th na 14th. Th t.Ol' (su r ora) w o c lloo r. 11 us boy lov d }, r v ey much. did not co pl te thi school. C ntro r w s d &d bet e n t United 5t t u na Sp in. u d to hollow throu h tb th y u d to soll c (l) I p (2) cr. he th tr ts, "Hu.rr for c inley." I also rem ber th t ds ith t o {2) in p inted. One would plcce princip l- in "

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-9-'l'h1 ct tl.y tU ple sed th demoer tic" D. Roo evelt, nd e 32 w r hip ot th ocr tic 1c in, t ke it y fore to x1co d rt n oth publics which ept' tb eric na ub e r er w s iv n th t th troop are ot to dis to t ch f (l) "hi 1 pel" or ot er pl o evelt. t on ot th hip a 1, Seer t ry of tat e de the p p ) of oln on ple ure trip to P n by I do not beJ.ieve in the d ocracy of D tu 1 id societlea for d ntert inaents her and ny ti s "se fo (11 l, noise w becaus the ric na felt a c rt in raci l ua. d th pic toe d would get drunk. en they w drunk " (liter 1, they put t selves in) th women in order to (2) Idi tic axpr ion u d in Ybor City e uiv ent to "troubl was cr ed". (3) jer ---t if hcmev 1 dy ( apeoi lly it tar nee to girl fighting, "El se m tio

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v r1'f I re t t oto t Vio t ith I' Ill1 ta or lt tr u.bl the Ilia t I expe41t1ona tbat 11l1oa f pealn 111 rr1e Oll on OY 1 I a ahteen 1 e. est. e ., here on June 12, l 00 8Jl ar- later. he or 4 t t oto for a e lOy t or ed l 1 t ft r t ot r oorl in t l of 4 ear U' 1 IQ81lf, t otori ow yer 1n 1D ur to t .11 that 1 to a r Jt\U'ed, an I loot r tor our entire he 1 111 eyer, in t e 0\' like 32 eara at the o1b strike, hlcl Of tu.rn1 t e,. ord truok ter bu.s1io 1 exer-Yein in rq aneral ya. Aa a e e to oo ntinue ork1 s happened to do ork of' ll ye :ao lao e k. 1e4 lite we ever d 7 oh1ld.r h1 1a a et ng we 111 al a 1 ent. It e

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-uo 00 !at i:a i on to h::l.u o .n bu.noh 11thou.t :.r: l' 1g r 0 t 0 1 lt c ould :1. ve l r h r ro one t o or thr ch t th p d of hi t r u.ction o oh s 6 50 I 0111 t bun h-d 1 r 1 r 0 th l1 le o pro 10uld r d oul t tb the bu.noh ithout ny 0 p o inor a th co 0 t 1 1 of t 0 ra ul r 1l.y v b n 1 r a or 1 rni n tnro m y out into .. I or on 0 at b lie 111 ood h thr of 1 p n r o think! t 01 r-m chin r t il in or City. y di pl d oi r t of t ll in t 1 0 t 38 0 h c t lr n tu. h v t ht 11 0 t tr e f a ing. to prov 0 0 re t r of tho ho re p 111 or It liano. noth r t ctor is th t 1 th nuf ctu.r r

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' D to t 1nt LIFE HISTORY or DO :r 0 r. T i, cold in y h ad hie h -: n under e n 3US d to ouch n sxt n t. t 1 c nnot r rr:. ber thin e or v p st a ell eo I ould 11"' o ov r, I i11 rcl t th hi tory of my 11r a 11 EZ a 1 : I born of ni h r nt in tho 11 ttl to n of Guan-b c in th provinc. or H v n ubo rly in tb r 1 "5 vi iter to Hav na 11 kno t his tO\ln 1 only o few miles di t nt from th c 1 t 1 of cubo Ther ia oont nuous conmunio io 1th th c 1tl by boats th t ply th by t r interv 1 ily. f th r c1ear-m ker, ond I follo ed in his rootth _ir t rudim ts tn !g r .rul':ine; h n -on y ro or gc 1 fortun in the c I rriv d in r t 1 th my or nt. in the y r a during thi y or ond subs quent y or that the oigor t o 1 avi ror Tam so 1n the 1889, I 1 in t r nd thr oi t in Key h r 1 th o o e ttlinc, b t I r r:oin d only du to th oor 1 y co di tio of or City, and runn1n t h I r turn d to Key lest ond 1th uliuo r

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-2In t e y r 1 93 Ju.11u 11 er prepari to leave tor T p 0 th oig r r h 1 otcd to brine to Tamp it tell to th lot o t th r d B 1 In t t ye r 'II e r r iv in L t r f th r a n for th f 11y d r in her d tinit ly . Fro t t ye 0 h pr nt I have 1 -liv d in .Aro\lll South 1 a". Th tr for t a 11v1 tod ar oth bur i ed 11 he fir f t rs t o era 1 po 1 b 1 t nt on trik nth f r hi nd n o r v r 0 0 City. t ttim. we d to :fo picnics on little i 1 d ;fro h no t pre nt n e: "Pic 1o I -in ou.l t th in orni ould co e It w in o 0 t t t i1dr n died, l hr ys n 1r1 1i1T p s thr h hioh I t tr1 th t ro t If It h d or 9 ouno fifty oi th 0 o 11 J.n r r fro l t d nth o r h tri t thi t d 00 d vi th t d moth r gon bu.t n ne to t :t It t of u.coo n th 1 k -It pr otioally e t d e en inore o in }rio t itt b ap oint d henn inor e ot 1.00 the cost of livi tb losers. ent u.p 2 00

PAGE 97

I wl 0 tel

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the publi t ce t y 1 utticient ral for e to r al1ze ue th1 ut d ho rabl is e o !)()Sse eee an opl 1 n I w1 h to it nut turers ot p su "'pended 0 8 orktns cit ker could h "t"e cl urer of nizat1on wi 1 tli wor ibop. Let t ible "1 .r, ho rabl 1 lzu 0 str tha or s uld lT w n the r idant o't the n, w o they aay hey lov aka t e worker& to asaoo1 t e o. n ho ora 1 citi find hi elf in tho o 1ig tion of aid-i he author1t1 which he leo t d aa apect to the n tion, and be so 1 di uy. I know th t th ifeat that the auap eion of h P.P n d in e year of 1931 an the :peti t1o of as ociate yoursel"t"ea" emitted by r Pr 14 t w a in th year ot But I o uch a thing: w y did the nu ctur rs d ny th d letea of the t e a e reopenin of the re 1ns a in h Joint f ct n e nth of 1 am workers carrie to ef of th pass d year of 193 In this e a there 1 only one bing o y: the r ut a1nta1n tbe tribuaes closed b e c ause of r atrictio not b c se ot f into Co st that t e 1 ide a t ot the resid nt, a will conYort t elves d to o side the c ntary of this nti-democratic action, I dl poa to p o er to r lize the end that I propose to these line ne y ar l t r att these enta or in y ar 1g32, my wite cont to h t ther of a beautiful girl, nd who w pl e d t h e of Sofi eo th t 1 this nner, re ber in th r little daughter y lost

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0 I w 0 1 fro nder, LIFE HISTORY LBO NT IN en r at1 lat the ye patn. I o 0 obila, 1 w 1 ter o a sto ro nd bUll .roo I B -0 rose, o e a d lt be '73. I obile I dedic t d v nt into bu in a with a p rtJt r b er d I oa in 9 1 r whic c lld nT ZZ)" nd f'on ItcUa b rked at the 11 h 0 t r1T t ted elt to or only one w k I w e or n of t e taotc. ... y o net o t f ctory ia know (1) f otory cloo d ec ua t ey orked only "P 1 ", and I Co. until the ye r '92. In '93 I establish 1IIY8elt 1 t t.1 I r tor appraiser or t=xea ot the llct a cl h d v lu tton of three and lf lliona or I 0 ti u d 1 thia until 1 011 w I at rte ln t bull 8 ot ol w Y I ber ot Public orka tor tour year I do not but a th t ti it nee up bond ot 20 000 ic aya Te. Thie Wltll 190 I did ot co l ue p 1 bu in .. w olea In 1905 I oo ination of bu na th th brew ry. At t t t1 e the brewery waa o la y bro e I ood b sin as until l 09. (1) obaooo in thi

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I euppo mor in ten e? It a o t r ibl t t the club loa t se,di banir 11f was contihu lly in den er as the constitutional guar tee ere Did y6u et wit s accident a that ti e? 1'n, but I do not th1.ii.Jc they are worth mentionin But I going to tell you of one o t episodes o1' more importance at that t1m.e of war. This happened w en thie over t had troops enc ed her in eapa and in surrounding rritorJ Aa th rieht to s ble waa prohibited we decided to clo e our social houa lea'Ying a caretaker to protect fro so one ste lin or de ing the property. one d picket of aoldi a und r a superior occupied the Centro spa-nol ildine without previous notice nor apparent motive justifiable. Just tmag-ine our urprtee Dd indign tion. laking ours lves, a friend and my lf decided to find out why the rea on of this unjustifiable proc dure y companion was dalbe.rto r z In pir d by r ason w went to G neral Yi tzhush L e a nee ment hich we aituated at 1m tto Be ch fro who camp ere th oldiera that o c pi t club. suec ed d in etti en audience wHh hi and after ini our s ion h ld h t h d cte accordin to en r 1 natr ctiona, w ose w ro t h pa y otel. eoid d ae w t to th oing throurh lot of int rro tiona 'We :Cln ll he by e expl ined the on of our vi-eit lB1n, seylng that h or t is ions wer h ld e told t o w a dmitted there exce t cu "I th i your b lief?" h said "b c us .I hev b tt r intor -

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-t.-tlon 'han your ; ln th t bu1ld1n al 1nd1v1d 1 w 1ch hidin ln tber ar conspiring. at pl ce hea be n w tc ad until w fin lly could prove th truth of what you h ve beard" s\ound d. e ev r could ina t t such t 1 bed pp ned. He how d u t con1'1 ed such procedure ao we b ad his tor henea of h vin de uc e th n told us th t 11' we ve our word of honor th t h would r pl ce to us if w a w th t h would not h ppen in. accepted 114 oompr aed Dd returned then tul of th attention. Our first atep wee to queatio th c ret tar, and !indin h aelf llty, be ccafeeaed that h had admitted tb ae individ 1 to do so, but he a dane it beo use r.ioti .. for the od of 1 country. rom then on, thia buildi w a k t cloa d without cuatod t t t c u tb bre king of our word of honor. o w th one who oonoeiv the 14 or foundi tb S nieb Casino took Comp L11R1 t d? ll up of oura th t re Uzed 1i t t e inc w not autt1c1ent to pay th debta ex1at1 t t t1 a ropo d to fo such corpor tion, eaUtin ahar o oover t amount of th de t, otin t e tsoard of D1r ctora of the paniah C aino took Co. Li it d aa auperv1 ra until t debt w a liqui-4 ted. Amon t on a th t oonoeived the ide d h t w it a cease were: Alej 4r1no iat 11 Joae ere& odr1 ea, Con t tino C poa, H. atr 4 .Taiae nd a,Cl o lon o r 1 \or e lat of reb, 1894, t Uzed b in pr 14ent of th cl t t t t cio aya. he titl of prop r y, oth r est te nd c ttela w re bearbed by the Spanlab Caaino took Co. Li tea until the debt r loan wa p id. he borrowed aum 1 ,el3.e4, payi n int r et of 1,500.00 7 t a relator, ae preei t of t niah Caeino Stock Co. Li co.rr aponded th fekeeping of the title of prop ty, tu lly in hie pos 1o are were de d

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-aa4 87 ot them r ain unr dae d t J w re not pr nt ev n th tba ,.4-.ption wae wall a4vert1aad in the nawep pare. aay ba 11 uidated at any ti Dd their T ue ia or he panol all bont1n, what w re the c nieh olu a d what tivea pr Centro tur1 no, tor which purpo eh club h 4 it o pow d ur 4 or cl were tr 14 to loos tb yt 7 shar a r ning t t :P ded tu ion c tro ti er h 14? n in e1th r club t t t1g8t1nct1on oi 8 1r1tual direotora, an4 t ra we no preference on a1th r prooaa4 the unity, which ahould be dv t aou to tba oluba. Aa th are ao old 14 &8 ot end wit out tu 1 conoaaaiona there o ot b n aeaent. lation 4 ati uloua require a a aaor1t1ca D4 e new nar tion doea not correapon4 to old tteaa. The wri-ter unda atand what tba atru lin vater n a d with hie r ason-1 Upon la vi I r lndad h ot the honor bestowed upon hi by the Cen-tro ep ol. ha Centro ap ol h a n ed the only r 1ning founding a boDorary bera. Tb sa thre are alberto :Ramirez and utiata M. lbontin. ia bono axe ta fro p yi quot a, receiv-1 full ri hte or b netita a re ul I auppoaa," I a ked hi "th t it h a b n a e t thf ction to JOU?" o w ich naw red, Y it 1a not ide in ot r ciro at nc ould h d appreciate 1t " 1 th1a ba ref to t e motive th t brou ht bout t is deci ton, which motive wa11 w le Gr u in was e dent of Oub period, he 1 au d cert 1n 1 wa, which to aati tion juetif1able 1 at t a pan1 da. Upon thia 'a vi l t to tor a abort r trictive a d unpa, th Bo d ot

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t tor1. is h a own d a Te.riety atore in the town or Ten n mil tro avan n d y, to h too ther to work tor hi eph- In ort i I knn aTe!70li.8 in 0 8 0 e Be tbe best year of y lite. It t t 0 0 thi T r1 ty etor to pu..rc old ap p rs t 'Y ry lo it h p th itt or \ \ t t I u d o 41 in o 1 pil of old ing &Tidly b ot t of I ould t1 0 day, il looki ov r t sa upo a v ry old tt ot E Tfllla) in 1ch 1 found ny int rticlea ot tb nited te de 1ct1ng tho variou b ttlea Dd th South ro then on Unt ted St s, ding with at 1 hin on or L1 coln; 1 tact old o t t d lt with the Unite in Sp 1 h th t one appeared in anyt 1 I co 14 t I r n ep p r, 11 ic I .) orized word tor wor : (I was then eightG '1'0 e-m clo d. 4, tree tod Y"

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-4-who had b en co-wor er with at the store. H e was at that ttme planning on stting up. general variety store, and aaked me it I would go to work with him I foraaw that thia waa the very thing I needed in order to obtain sufficient tunda tor my trip to ew York. I worktd one year and eleven ontha at thia place, during which time I saved everything I could Another thin th t proved favorable to me waa that Diego Lopez Trujillo was established in ew York City, operatins a small cigar ne had been a resident of Scntiagg de las Vegaa so I procured with a recommendation to him Aa soon aa I reached New York City (the place of my drea.a) t I waa employed by Mr. Trujillo, and my worries tor the pr sent were over. one or the first things I did wae to become a citizen or my chosen country y citinzenship p para were issued on 0 tober 13th 1886. (1) It was in thia same year that I rried the daughter ot Mr. Diego Lopez Trujillo. w e had three children in ew York: . two daughter and one aon Of theae, two died: a girl and a boy The little girl died of scarlet due to a very (1) M.r. Souto howed me the citizenship p =>er, approved by the Court of Co n Pleae of New York City, a very old document showing yellow in eome places. Then he carefully retolted it, and placed it back in the sate ot the S niah Club

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tell .roth or ? ral o a errible blizzard, and a 8 t o th t h d t 11 n.. had tow it until the burg to Cypr as ill suish Ti d a. nt thro ro r c n well 1mag1n t anour little d ugnter in state dey in t e t out. ShorU to tfo.rt e boy di tt 1 uilt on o:C ork ity. It d li y wife ont c d the dis a wa t ething. father-in-aw mov d lit fortune 11 d at hia conet nt 1 rg t faetori in 1 t a eat epid 1c ot "!lu' w11 fire throughout city. a a result h r lun s w re riou ly ftec Due to h r c ndi tion foWlC1 it 1 po sible llw w otic City durillb t e winter months, [l to oy est w1 t wi t re th r of n invit t1on fro father-in-1 to co 8 wife d only r ining daughter n p o th eli t waa v ry t per te. I fowid e ci lso t t t 1 t ot f ir I oula 8 livi ott e t wl h my wit'e and little daughter, ol d i ll tb c1 t ctories. 1.00 e p hou nd on the tion Oo ittee b eppoint lzi t h t if r ined t t cr-in-lew, I to

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-lJ.-pl t1 t 1e ood tob ceo tor t co n year. I r ndad ot a conv r ation etw en a Fr ncb p asent and ic n uriet in r ce: In his t vela the tourist c eros th Fr oh e eant, who w e tie tly lowing hi ti ld 1th th elp ot n ox old. U low. T e tourist w s gr tly a toni bed t this pri t1T tor of plowing the tield, nd said ae ch to tt. t, wbo replied: "Franca consu ee all the wheat produced in this country and in its colonies. thile there 18 one bueh 1 lett, ranee will not purchase fro any oth r countr.y. s 11 the bushel for 1.50, while the United States with 11 the chinoriee plow1n th fields, cuttin nd handing the whe t out in bushels, have ad to e 11 as low as 50, per bushel. Thi ba nev h ppened in rene I do not wish to be interpreted, howev r, that I av sed to all to a of cbineriee. I re lize t great at p forward that has b n t n by eans ot them. o t chiner1es have bet\ered the condition of the p ple, but oth re haTe p T n. d trimental. y ot y old frienda ar tod in de per t m a, and w never I et e I t nd the a cup of coffee, a sandwich Ol' any other thi y r th tim that.they co to oft1c an I 41-tely di into y pocket and hand th out a dollar. I am earnin only a all lary, yet I manag to saTe whateT I v ry month I 8 d ao thing to my brother in Connecticut as he h b en suffering trom the ato ch for ny jeers.

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(1)

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I w a n t.ri ot n t 0 t ot 1n I tr 1 i to wit tb .re exoepUone I ror t I otif it. I r, cou t1 1 at . t 1nt t 00 id 1 WI a 1 lo n bon n t I 0 d e C n ro stur1 0 0 to to e be r1 needed - I let r, ol 1 th1 I ot lne 0 li th pr 1 ent 0 c ok they 4 an 10 t t t 1.1 h le t 1 t eho ol r-1 I t t apeo1 ot ro tu.r1 no, nd 1 14 t 1 bro en ol him to I old b1 th th h tori

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fr1 00 on a s wl lt 0 t 1 1 A full lrlo 11 11 om 1 C b ed at hi very d 1 he i hla oat t o n . a a t lkl o h1a wife condl tiona ere t1 hen h1a el at n ot up a id: lle you elon don't you in Cub Th tat er n uch rrible low tb t t r h t t r 0 bo .nd tor ln, 1 vine t 11 b b1 one in I t b ck to ho to in ot ll old tr1 1 ti n I rrived there It un4 t re anti ly w ner ion. e only on 1i I return, an ol b d b n wo t otor for y 41 I ttir nd t 1 to hat. n 1 to thin ot ow I 0 h1 funeral. In d ys I t 1 to look or y-, 1 o yo 0 D \ I 414 I Pl d U ion of r 1r t of t 1nd try. y or All rul s d r gu taquated enabur 18 not o ot th w only coo r 1tht

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-ot I 0 it\ 0 t on ot st ia. I t tle l r 1 Uo 1 t ed t In 1 I tr1 tl 11 th, I d f:ro t )

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0 l d I in nd t t to ..... in not onl th ai 8 b l PI nd boun y 1 to with ot r otori 1 n very lerge producing r l ll 1 gar 1 ndustry y U ttle lcid bout ov r e1 hty pl ar le ving for Th r t otories th re th avin or 1 Tl Yo de Phi 11 d lp ta, on l tt fJ.' A 111 r y th1e onaition how for r v liv d h r& pr ctio lly 11 cigar industry tn. Of t e very e are \ode in th 1r u v c.nd t is the only t OnlJ, Y t y I went to the yrtle 111 or four o oldt1 a ot o l t.ri d or n Only re 1 ft liv1 today


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[Centro Espaol ; life histories].
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[Tampa, Fla.? :
b Federal Writers' Project of Florida,
c 193-?].
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141 p.
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Collective title supplied by cataloger.
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Study of the Centro Espaol -- Life histories.
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The first work tells about Centro Espaol de Tampa. It is in a slightly different format than the work of the same title presented earlier in this digital collection. The other work is a compilation of life histories of ten Ybor City residents. The people interviewed are mostly Cuban immigrants. One person interviewed was born in Italy.
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Centro Espaol de Tampa.
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Cuban Americans
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Tampa.
Italian Americans
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Tampa.
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Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida.
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t Tampa WPA Office Papers.
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