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Cbarlo'tte Mi tohell Martin,. one of twenty ohildren born to Shepherd and Luoinda Mitohell. s1ghty-, two years ago, was a slave of Judge Wilkereon on a large planta'tion in Sixteen, Florida, a little town noar Mi.l.dieon. Shepherd Mi tohsll was a wagoner who h,auled whiskey from NeWport News,Virginia I for hie owner. Wilkerson .as very cruel ,them in oonstant fear of him. He would not permit the;n to hold religious meetings or any other kinds of meetings, but they frejuently met in seoret to oonduot religious servioes. When they 'were oaught, the 11netigators"known or suspeoted-were severely flogged. Charlotte reoalls how her ,oldest brother was whipped to death for tn.klng part in one of tho religious ceremonies. This oruel aot halted the seoret relig10us services.
Wilkerson found it very profitable to raiee and sell slaves. He seleoted the strongest and beet male and female slaves and mated. them exolusively for' breeding. The hu.skieet babieo were given ,the best. of attention in order tlm.t tbey might grow into etur4,y youths, for it was thoce brought the highest prices at the slave markets. SOl'ilotimeo tha ma.nter himself haei oexual l'olCl,tiono ".i thhle f "male for the proc1uota of misoegenation woz'e very rennmerat1:ve. These offsprlr..ge were in demand ae house van'ts. After slavery the Mitohells began'to soparate. A faw ot the ohil,dron rcmo.ined wi til their }}:;"I.1'e11ts arid eked out, lIving from eOil. During tIlls periOd. Oharlotte bt>go.n to L\.'ttraot attention with her herb oures. Dootors Bought her out when 'they \7e:,'O by dlffioul t oases. She came to Live' Ou.lt to ca:.cc for 13.11 old oolored wOInan and upon whose death aho was \vomnn'a houae and property. For many years aha has resided in 'bhe o.ld shaCk, farming, making qUilta, and ... praotioing her'herb dootoring. She has outlived her for .' whom she bore two ohildren. Her daughter 'isteebletninded-her harb romedies oan't oure
FEDEnAL ITFnS PROJECT Am3r1on.n G,.11do,(Nnr:ro writers' Unit Live Oak, Flor1dn:, Sl[l,V'c IntGrv10w t; In;.H1 John 11.. Slr:l1lo E.ll tel' I. P,)rr.Ol'K\.l itttorv1o,,, .;1 th nolden JIo.l1, v'.np,' nec\r the Hnno.n10 Hall, in thB Et'lotor.n ncotlon of Live li'J.m:ld.<::I. 2. Poreorm:!: intC)rv1.ow with Clul.rlotte l'l\rtin, 11v1nr; nl}Qer Ol"cf.'!.t\lr Afr1c(l,n (Lurch, in t"'Q S::etctt'fI of. L1:'o O:l.k, F'10l71dt.'. ;). r;:':rll.h noon, il(W.:r. GX'or.1.1;cr D()tllcl Atr1or.,,", i::! 1iholt:\ ;"t.vpl:\oorli':.l C1mX'cJh Live F J.orlcl,(l.
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h [electronic resource] :
b [slave interview, August 1936]
[Jacksonville, Fla. :
Federal Writers Project, American Guide, Negro Writers Unit,
1 online resource (3 p.)
Title from caption on PDF of p.1 (viewed June 22, 2010).
Federal Writers' Project interview with Charlotte Martin focusing on her years as a slave on a plantation in Sixteen, Florida, a town near Madison. Interviewed by Alred Farrell, field worker.
Forms part of the Florida slave narratives collection.
Federal Writers' Project of the Work Projects Administration for the State of Florida.
t Florida Slave Narratives.