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Art L. Marx oral history interview

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Material Information

Title:
Art L. Marx oral history interview
Series Title:
Concentration camp liberators oral history project
Uniform Title:
Holocaust & genocide studies oral history projects
Physical Description:
1 sound file (7 min.) : digital, MPEG4 file + ;
Language:
English
Creator:
Marx, Arthur L., 1924-
Hirsh, Michael, 1943-
University of South Florida Libraries -- Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center
University of South Florida -- Library. -- Special & Digital Collections. -- Oral History Program
Publisher:
University of South Florida Tampa Library
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Concentration camps -- History -- Austria   ( lcsh )
World War, 1939-1945 -- Concentration camps -- Austria   ( lcsh )
World War, 1939-1945 -- Concentration camps -- Liberation   ( lcsh )
World War, 1939-1945 -- Atrocities   ( lcsh )
World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal narratives, American   ( lcsh )
World War, 1939-1945 -- Veterans -- United States   ( lcsh )
Veterans -- Interviews -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genocide   ( lcsh )
Crimes against humanity   ( lcsh )
Genre:
Oral history   ( local )
Online audio   ( local )
Oral history.   ( local )
Online audio.   ( local )
interview   ( marcgt )

Notes

Summary:
This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Art L. Marx. Marx was a member of the 11th Armored Division, which liberated Mauthausen on May 6, 1945. Marx did not spend very much time at the camp, but he saw many newly liberated prisoners on the road; the prisoners all asked for food, which the soldiers gave. On one occasion, his unit was escorting some German prisoners of war, and Marx saw two freed prisoners from the camps kill one of the Germans, whom apparently they recognized.
Venue:
Interview conducted March 18, 2008.
Preferred Citation:
The Liberators: America's Witnesses to the Holocaust (New York: Bantam Books, 2010) and Concentration Camp Liberators Oral History Project, University of South Florida Libraries, ©2010 Michael Hirsh.
Language:
Transcripts, excerpts, or any component of this interview may be used without the author's express written permission only for educational or research purposes. No portion of the interview audio or text may be broadcast, cablecast, webcast, or distributed without the author's express written permission.
Statement of Responsibility:
interviewed by Michael Hirsh.
General Note:
This interview was conducted as research for The Liberators: America's Witnesses to the Holocaust / Michael Hirsch (New York: Bantam Books, 2010).

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 024891152
oclc - 656364563
usfldc doi - C65-00087
usfldc handle - c65.87
System ID:
SFS0022137:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 transcript segment idx 0 time 00:00:0.0 text Art Marx: That wouldve been, I think, in April. We were on a hillside overlooking the airstrip; there was a forest just to the left of us, and they had forced workers in there building airplanes. 1 00:00:20.2 Michael Hirsh: Could I turn on a tape recorder? 2 00:00:21.8 AM: Yeah, I dont care. 3 00:00:23.1 MH: Okay. 4 00:00:23.5 AM: Wont hurt, will it? 5 00:00:25.8 MH: No, I dont think so. 6 00:00:27.0 AM: (laughs) 7 00:00:27.9 MH: If youve lived this long, a tape recorders not gonna hurt you. (laughs) 8 00:00:30.3 AM: (laughs) 9 00:00:32.1 MH: Give me your full name and spell it for me. 10 00:00:34.4 AM: Yeah, its Arthur, A-r-t-h-u-r, middle initial is L. My friends all called me Harpo, because my last name is Marx, M-a-r-x. 11 00:00:44.4 MH: And your address is? 12 00:00:46.6 AM: I have to stop and think about it. 13 00:00:51.4 MH: And your phone is. And whats your date of birth? 14 00:00:53.4 AM: September 8, 1924. 15 00:00:56.9 MH: Youre one of the kids. 16 00:00:58.5 AM: Yeah. Well, Duane is a few months younger than I am, because he enlisted in the Army, I think, right out of high schoolhe was from up in the Dakotas. And me, I went to college for a year and got a deferment to finish my freshman year, and then I got drafted, and I was still eighteen. 17 00:01:18.0 MH: What yeard you go in the Army? 18 00:01:20.2 AM: Nineteen forty-three. 19 00:01:22.1 MH: Forty-three [1943]? 20 00:01:22.9 AM: Yeah. 21 00:01:23.9 MH: Thats the year I was born. 22 00:01:25.2 AM: Is it really? 23 00:01:26.4 MH: Yes, sir. Im gonna be sixty-five this year. (inaudible) Which makes me the kid. 24 00:01:32.8 AM: What I was going to tell you is, we were moving along near this airstrip, and there was a bunch of prisoners that had been liberated, and they werenow, when we would capture German soldiers, they would walkit sounds crazy, but they would walk along the road heading to whichever way our people told them to go, and they had their hands clasped on top of their heads, walking along, and nobody was guarding them in particular. But everybodys keeping an eye on them. So, heres these newly freed prisoners, and one guy saw somebody thereone of our new prisonerssaw him going along. And this guy had been probably especially mean to him, so he grabbed (coughs)I got a frog in my throat. He grabbed a stick or something and tripped the guy and started hitting him with it. And another guy came and took the stick away from him because he was bigger and he could hit harder. And they started, between the two of them, they kicked and beat this guy, and he died right on the spot. They killed him, and nobody lifted a hand, including myself, to stop them. (laughs) 25 00:03:0.5 MH: Were the prisoners wearing those striped uniforms? 26 00:03:4.0 AM: Well, some of them did, and some of them had just rags and stuff, but mostly they had those striped uniforms, yeah. 27 00:03:12.5 MH: What kind of physical shape were they in? 28 00:03:14.5 AM: They were pretty slim, pretty skinny. I actually saw some of them at Mauthausen, but it was after, you know, a couple days later. 29 00:03:27.4 MH: So, you did get up to Mauthausen? 30 00:03:29.6 AM: Yeah, but I didnt get much of a look. But you saw some of these newly liberated prisoners every day. Wed be riding along in our vehicle, which they didnt go very fast. It was a twenty-three-tonit was a self-propelled howitzer, is what it was, so it was open on the top, and it had a howitzer and a machine gun. So, were going slow, and eating while were going, because we just kept moving most of the time. And these newly liberated people would be coming up, begging for food, and youd look at them, and, God, you couldnt eat without giving them some of it. So, there was a lot of that going on. 31 00:04:19.6 MH: You said they were building airplanes in the woods? 32 00:04:23.5 AM: Yeah. Actually, this one daywe were only there a couple daysthey would roll them out and, you know, not the prisoners but the Germans, would roll them down, and there was an airfield about maybe 400 yards ahead of us at the bottom of the hill. And they couldyou know, they were doing outdoor assembly, and course I understand they were doing underground assembly in caves and stuff in some places. But anyhow, this one day, a couple of planes took off from that airfield, and they were flying out on whatever their mission was, and in the afternoon, a couple of them came back and tried to land. And the U.S. Army had anti-aircraft guns ringing the field by this time, so these guys were touching down, and then they tried to take off when they saw all usyou know, the American armament. They tried to take off, and kind of got shot before they even got their wheels off the ground. They got shot while they were taxiing. It was pretty exciting. 33 00:05:43.5 MH: I imagine. Did you see in the closing months of the war, other prisoners or other camps? 34 00:05:50.5 AM: Not much. This was actually the last couple days when we found Mauthausen. So, good luck with your book. 35 00:06:2.7 MH: Thank you very much. 36 00:06:3.7 AM: Have you written some of these things before? 37 00:06:6.8 MH: Ive writtenthis will be my sixth book


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