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COPYRIGHT NOTICE This Oral History is copyrighted by the University of South Florida Libraries Oral History Program on behalf of the Board of Trustees of the University of South Florida. Copyright, 2009, University of South Florida. All rights, reserved This oral history may be used for research, instruction, and private study under the provisions of the Fair Use. Fair Use is a provision of the United States Copyright Law (United States Code, Title 17, section 107), which allows limited use of copyrig hted materials under certain conditions. Fair Use limits the amount of material that may be used. For all other permissions and requests, contact the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA LIBRARIES ORAL HISTORY PROGRAM at the University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fo wler Avenue, LIB 122, Tampa, FL 33620.
1 Otis R. Anthony African Americans in Florida Oral History Project Oral History Program Florida Studies Center University of South Florida, Tampa Library Digital Object Identifier: A31 00022 Interviewee: Juan M. Garcia Interviewer: Herbert Jones Inter view date: September 6, 1978 Interview location: Unknown Transcribed by: Unknown Transcription date: Unknown Detailed Summary by: Mary Beth Isaacson Detailed Summary date: March 19, 2009 Final Edit by: Maria Kreiser Final Edit date: March 19, 2009 La Union Mart Maceo Mr. Garcia is a member of La Union Mart Maceo, the club for black Cubans. In Spanish, he describes some of the significant officers and members. It has about 350 members. Jose Mart and Antonio Maceo Mart was a revolutionary from th e Cuban war of independence. Mr. Garcia lists several dates in Spanish. Maceo died in San Pedro, Cuba. "He's a colored man, a big man." When Mart came to speak at the cigar factories, people crowded around to talk to him. Mart was white and Maceo was bla ck. Maceo went to Key West, Honduras, and other places. Mart spoke at many of the cigar factories in Tampa. He was an organizer who made propaganda and collected money for Cuban independence. He also went to New York to do this. He did not have much infl uence on the other races outside the Cuban community. Mart died fighting in Santiago de Cuba. For Tampa Cubans, Mart and Maceo's influence is still strong and always will be. Cigar factories Mr. Garcia came to Tampa from Cuba in 1922. There were about twenty cigar factories then, which are all gone now. "There is no factory now in Tampa." The cigars are made by machines now, not by hand. There were many black Cubans working in the factories. Mr. Garcia worked in the Perfecto Garcia factory, which had about 500 workers, more than forty of whom were black. After the revolution in Cuba, the factory was closed.
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Garcia, Juan M.
Juan M. Garcia
h [electronic resource] /
interviewed by Otis R. Anthony and members of the Black History Research Project of Tampa.
Tampa, Fla. :
University of South Florida Tampa Library,
1 sound file (8 min.) :
digital, MPEG4 file +
e 1 transcript (digital, PDF file)
Otis R. Anthony African Americans in Florida oral history project
Other interviewers for the Black History Research Project of Tampa were Fred Beaton, Joyce Dyer, Herbert Jones, and Shirley Smith.
Interview conducted September 6, 1978.
Juan M. Garcia discusses Jos Mart and Antonio Maceo. Also mentioned are the Unin Mart-Maceo and the cigar factories.
Garcia, Juan M.
Unin Mart-Maceo (Tampa, Fla.).
Anthony, Otis R.
Black History Research Project of Tampa.
University of South Florida Libraries.
Florida Studies Center.
Oral History Program.
University of South Florida.
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