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Ex libris

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Ex libris journal of the USF Library Associates
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English
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USF Library Associates
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USF Library Associates.
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
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non-fiction   ( marcgt )
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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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usfldc doi - E09-00008-148
usfldc handle - e9.8-148
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SFS0024293:00008


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Exhibits EXHIBITS OF rare and unusual items from the University's collec tions are displayed in the Library on a continuing basis. Display areas are located on the fourth floor of the main library building, both in the lobby and in the Special Collections reading room. Exhibits are changed quarterly. Quarter II, 1980: Autographs and Manuscripts From Six Centuries Original signatures and manuscripts written by famo us persons have a fascination far beyond the mere content of the messages they convey They provide a unique feeling of contact with people we can never actually meet. Dra wn from the University's manuscript collection, the documents comprising this display w ill range from a 1492 dispatch signed by Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain to a note by Pre sident John F. Kennedy. Included are holographic writings of such diverse personages as Thomas Jefferson and Pablo Picasso. The exhibit will be on display from January 7 to Ma rch 19. Quarter III, 1980: Engraved Currency, 1800-1900: An American Self-Port rait Going far beyond the utilitarian task of making mon ey difficult to fake, the detailed engravings adorning 19th Century American currency provide a unique view of America and her people. Including a diversity of themes fro m patriotic scenes to sailing ships, the illustrations on the nation's cash provide a moneta ry portrait of an idealized America, revealing much about how Americans saw themselves a nd their county y. Drawn from the Library's Wollowick Collection of American Curr ency, the items forming this display comprise a fascinating panorama of American culture in the last century. Included are specimens of state, bank corporation, and Confedera te notes of diverse formats and often peculiar denominations. The exhibit will be on disp lay from March 31 to June 11. Quarter IV, 1980: A Cartographic History of Florida Through the colorful medium of maps and charts, the Library's summer exhibit will illustrate the development of Florida as a geograph ic entity. Original and facsimile maps drawn from the University's collection and ranging in date from the 16th to the 20th Century will be used to tell the story of Florida's past. Included will be cartographic works of map makers like Thomas Jefferys, Guilleaum e Delisle, and Abraham Ortelius. Many of these interesting early maps have elaborate hand-colored decoration that make them art objects in their own right. Displayed will be navigational charts, land surveys, early railroad maps, city plans, and a variety of o ther cartographic items, all showing different facets of Florida as seen by cartographer s of many nations in many times. The exhibit will remain on display from June 23 until A ugust 25. CONTENTS Major Acquisitions………………..1 Some British Bookbindings………2 A Fantasy Florida…………………5 Autographs and Manuscripts…….10 Cover: Pietas et Congratulatio Collegii Canta-brigiensis a pud Novanglus (Boston, 1761). Small folio in contemporary red morocco, elaboratel y gold-tooled with the arms of George III, King of England.

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Not printed at State expense. Programs, activities, and services of the Universit y of South Florida are available to all on a non-discriminatory basis, without regard to ra ce, color, creed, religion, sex, age, national origin, or handicap. The University is an affirmative action Equal Opportunity Employer. Ex Libris Vol. 3, No. 3 Winter, 1980 Ex Libris is published quarterly by the USF Library Associates, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida. Please address suggestions and comments to J. B Dobkin, Executive Secretary, USF Library Associates, USF Library, Tampa, Fla. 33620. Except as noted, illustrations in Ex Libris are reproduced from works in the Special Collections Department of the University of South F lorida Library. Photography is by the photography department of USF’s Division of Educati onal Resources.

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Major Acquisitions IN SPITE OF the past year's lack of state funds all ocated for acquisition of research materials, the Library has added a goodly number of important items to its collections. Many of these interesting and significant works hav e been obtained through the support of the Associates, both through individual gifts an d through the united efforts of our organization. Although it would be too cumbersome t o list all of the rare and unusual items acquired in the immediate past, it might be i n order to mention a few of the outstanding items. Bibliographically speaking, perhaps the most exciti ng book added to the USF collection in some months is our very fine copy of the first anthology of American poetry ever published. Entitled Pietas et Congratulatio Collegii Cantabrigiensis ap ud Novanglus, this volume was printed in Boston in 1761. As an ex ample of the finest American printing, it was preceded only by Benjamin Franklin's Cato Major. The first book printed in the colonies to use Greek type to a ny great extent, the work consists of thirty-one pieces in English, Latin, and Greek comp osed by distinguished Harvard students and alumni expressing praise and loyalty t owards England's King, George III. The USF copy is one of a few special copies issued on fine paper for members of the royal family. It is a small folio volume bound in o riginal red morocco, elaborately goldtooled with the arms of George III. A handsome work both inside and out, this rare volume is a very fortunate addition to USF's collec tion. Also of note both for its content and its binding i s a fine 24-volume special extraillustrated copy of Adolphe Thiers' History of the Consulate and Empire Under Napoleon. The historical works and other writings of French h istorian and statesman Marie Joseph Louis Adolphe Thiers (1797-1877) were immensely popular in their day and went through many editions. This edition was pu blished in London by Willis and Sotheran in 1860. It is extra-illustrated with 811 portraits and views, 180 of them handcolored. The set is also notable for its fine full blue morocco binding, elaborately goldtooled with Napoleonic symbols such as the imperial eagle and the golden bee. The set was bound by the famous binder Bayntun of Bath, Eng land. Two interesting nautical volumes have also been add ed to the collection. The first of these is Joseph Mead's An Essay on the Currents at Sea, printed in London for J. Marshall in 1757. An important early oceanographic study, Mead's book postulates "That this EARTH is not of a uniform density ... but that the CURRENTS of the Gulph of FLORIDA, also on the Coast of BRASIL ... are Curren ts of Circulation, kept up by different Densities in this Earth, and its Motion r ound its AXIS." A very scarce volume, as far as can be ascertained no other copy is recor ded as being located in Florida. The second nautical work is an 1826 French volume entit led Le Pilote Americain, Contenant La Description des Cotes Orientales de L'Amerique d u Nord ... suivi D'Une Notice Sur Le Gulf-Stream. This interesting guide to American waters was trans lated from English by P Magre at the direction of the French Governmen t, and was published at Paris by L'Imprimerie Royale. ONE OF the Library's most recent accessions is a 27 -page holograph manuscript by 19th Century American writer James Roberts Gilmore. Signed with Gilmore's pen name "Edmund Kirke," the manuscript forms two parts of a serialized children's story about the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5-6, 1864) entitled The Litte Prisoner. The two parts of the

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story present, although obviously intended as part of a larger work, form a complete episode in themselves. Gilmore was well qualified to write about the South having travelled there extensively as a cotton shipper before the Civil Wa r. Convinced of the necessity of Black emancipation, early in the Civil War he published s everal novels which, with other writings, are credited with having helped decide th e North on the question of emancipation. From 1862 until shortly after Lincoln 's proclamation emancipating the slaves Gilmore published a magazine advocating eman cipation. A short time after the proclamation, the government entrusted Gilmore with an unofficial peace mission to the Confederacy. Unfortunately negotiations broke down and nothing came of this effort to end the war. Later in life Gilmore continued his li terary activities, writing several American histories and biographies in the 1880's. In addition to the items we have singled out for sp ecific mention above, significant growth was experienced in virtually all areas of ou r collections. Several dozen items were added to the early American textbook collection, wh ile a considerable number of girls' series books joined those already in our Hudson Col lection of American Series Books. The 19th Century American literature collection gre w a good deal in the past few months; although no spectacular rarities were added our hol dings of works by American writers, particularly juvenile writers, made steady gains. S teady growth was maintained in the Library's Florida research collection as well. Amon g the more interesting items added were a collection of early picture postcards of the Tampa Bay area, including a handcolored set of interior and exterior views of the B ellair Biltmore hotel taken circa 1920. And of course, we have received several significant gifts of books for the next book sale even at this early date. All in all, with the help of its friends the Library has not done too badly during the past few months in spite of its in creasing budgetary stringency.

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Some British Bookbindings in the USF Rare Books Collection by J. B. Dobkin WHILE THERE has been no systematic effort made to collect representative examples of fine bindings we have been able to amass work by a number of importa nt binders as well as unsigned bindings of many types. Among the earliest and most interesting of our bindings is a large folio binding of the 17th Centu ry. This binding in full red morocco bears the royal arms of King Charles II of England. The book is Atlas Japannensis by Arnoldus Montanus published in London, 1670. Since King Charles died in 1685 we can date the binding between 1670 and 1685. A second royal binding in our collection covers the first anthology of American poetry and the first bo ok printed in the colonies to use Greek type extensive ly. As an example of the finest American printing, it was preceded only by Benjamin Franklin's Cato Major. The work is entitled, Pietas et Congratulatio Collegii Cantabrigiensis apud Novanglus. The binding of this small folio volume is the original red morocco, elaborate ly gold-tooled with the arms of George III, rebacked with the original spine laid down, (s howing the famous vignette of liberty by Thomas Hollis). A particularly important binding in the collection is one on a book which is interesting to us for a number o f reasons. First it was bound in what is known as the Etruscan style, by Edwards of Halifax, the originators of this type of binding, employing classic elements in its design. This volu me also is adorned with a fore-edge painting of Blenheim Palac e executed by the Edwards firm who were leading expon ents of the art of the fore-edge. Finally the book itself i s the first edition of British Birds illustrated by Thomas Bewick. In the 17th and 18th Centuries the most characteris tic British binding was the panel binding. Several exce llent examples of the panel on early volumes are present. A fine example of 1724 (unsigned) is illustrated. In addition to our Royal Bindings, we have a number of bindings that carry armorial bearings. A large foli o 19th Century polished calf is illustrated. While calfskin was most commonly used as the bindin g material for early British books, morocco (goatskin ) is more highly regarded both for durability and elegance. B oth leathers are found plain or tooled in a great range of desig ns from simple lines (fillets), and lacy edges (dentelles) to elab orate allover Alice in Wonderland in an 1899 London edition gave the binder, Root, a chance to display a fanciful Alice with pig as a spine decoration. 17 th century full red morocco binding with the arms of King Charles II of England stamped in gold.

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patterns (fanfare). These can be either plain (in blind) or gilt. The leathers were frequently dyed in such colors as red, blue, and green, though more often left natural. While full leather was most common until the 19th Century, or leather with marbled boards or cloth became a standard type of covering. A FEW NAMES became outstanding in binding during the 19th Century. Most prominent among the British binders were such names as Bayntun of Bath, Riviere, Sangorski, and Sutcliffe and Zaehnsdorf, all of whom achieved a degree of fame. Many of the books bound by these firms are merely good workmanlike exercises, but some exhibit considerabl e artistry. Examples of the work of some of the lesser known binderies is also present. Such names as Root, Stikeman, and Pratt are found in the collection. Until about the 1820's books in Britain were bound individually in the sty le selected by the collector or the bookseller. Full e ditions were not bound for the publishers as they are in mo dern times. The first "edition binding" in cloth was don e for William Pickering in his Diamond Classics series beginning in 1824. Many types of decorative work were added to enhance the appearance of these books. Inlays of contrasting colored leathers and elaborate treatmen t of the edges of the book done by applying heated tools to the end surfaces creating a design (gauffering) are onl y two of these. An incunabula from our colleclion, a Hora ce of 1498, has both armorial bearings and gauffered edge s. Some of the more interesting bindings relate the decoration of the book to the contents. Two of thes e are shown here Alice on spine of an 1899 Alice in Wonderland and Napoleonic symbols on an edition of Thiers History of Napoleonic Era. Vellum bindings were not popular in Britain as they were difficult to decorate, however, at the close o f the 19th Century, William Morris popularized the limp vellum binding which had a bri ef vogue lasting into the present century. The binding of the Doves Press edition of the Bible is a good example executed Right: Example of panel binding, most common Britis h binding style of the 17th and 18th centuries. Left: Full blue morocco binding. Elaborately decora ted with gold tooled fillets and Napoleonic symbols, this book’s binding reflects its contents. It is a volume from Their’s History of the Consulate and Empire Under Napoleon. The elaborate “Etruscan” style binding of this copy of Thomas Bewick ’s A History of British Birds was created by the famous British bookbinder Edwards of Halifax around 1809.

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1903-05. Most of the bindings of the late 19th and early 20t h Century exhibited little originality and while the workmanship utilized in their execution was frequen tly excellent they were usually rehashes of previous st yles. We invite all of our interested readers to see the items we have mentioned as well as numerous other bindings of interest in our collection. For informa tion on another type of binding popular in Britain in the l ate 19th and 20th Century we suggest you read the artic le on our G. A. Henty Collection in the Fall 1979 issue o f EX LIBRIS. Large folio volume bound in 19 th century polished calf gilt-tooled with the armorial bearings of its owner.

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A Fantasy Florida for Young Eyes This article has recently appeared in the Tampa Tribune and appears here with their permission. INDIANS SKULK through dense undergrowth while the g reat saurians (alligators) silently and hungrily glide beneath the surface of stagnant swamps. Overhead great noisy flocks of pink birds call as the wily panther stalk s its prey. Meanwhile the ragged and shiftless (and certainly untrustworthy) Crackers lounge lazily in the sultry Florida afternoon. This ridiculous passage epitomizes the vision of Florida drawn by the authors of most books for American youth in the years 1890 to 1930. Many other elements were woven into these naive stories but the basic formulas varied but little. Juvenile literature in America reflected the interest young people everywhere have in the exotic and unusual. They were fascinated by the worlds that were unknown to them. The Everglades and the Seminoles were among the intriguing subject s found in this literature over and over again. To a lesser extent the orange groves, t he Indian River (with its romantic name), and Tampa Bay with overtones of pirates and treasure also played their part in these stories. Apparently the image of the Florida Crackers was interesting to American youth and many stories weave them into the plot. Mo re often than not this is in a most negative light. In girls books the added elements o f romance and luxury made Palm Beach the locale of a number of stories. On reading these too often uninformative stories it is fairly easy to tell which authors had actually visited Florida and based their descri ptions on fact. Some writers such as Wilmer Ely in his Boy Chums series display consider able knowledge of the state. Ely gives excellent description of Florida before WWI. His book Boy Chums in the Gulf of Mexico gives detailed descriptions of the Greek community at Tarpon Springs in 1913 as well as much information on the sponge fishing indu stry of that time. Six of the Boy Chums titles have Florida locales and all of these are most informative. The Dime Novels that use Florida as the scene of ac tion vary from two issues of All Sports Library written in 1905 and 1906 by Maurice Stevens, the pr oduct of an author who had visited the Indian River area of Florida an d spent some time observing the fauna of the region to mere mentions of Florida locale in many titles. Modern day ecologists would be aghast at the casual description of the ma ss slaughter of all sorts of Florida The Florida adventure stories of St. George Rathbor ne were based on personal experience canoeing and hunting i n South Florida. His descriptions of the yet unspoiled Flor ida wilderness make fascinating reading today.

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birds from egrets to pelicans in Stevens' stories. The characterization of the Florida Cracker is consistently unflatter-ing. The kindest description is the phrase "poor white trash." Despite their negative aspects, much useful detail of Florida life is presented and a reading of these two tales is far from boring. Such background as the description of the way in which raccoons fight or the proper method of angling for various species of fish then found in the Indian River seem both accurate and the result of first-hand observation. Too often, however, the Florida locale is merely mentioned and it is obvious that the plot could have been laid anywhere for all the local color it contains. Such a story is "Tampa's Dynamite Fiend" in the Starry Flag Weekly series dated June, 1898. There are brief references to the Tampa Bay Hotel that co uld easily have been taken from newspaper descriptions during the Spanish-American War. This article recently appeared in the Tampa Tribune and is reprinted here with its permission. SOME OF the Dime Novels reflect a brief railroad trip to Florida. One of these is "The Bradys In the Everglades" in The Secret Service series. Little detail other than what might be observed through a pullman car window shows up in this 1901 epic. The Young Rover Library item entitled "Link Rover's Best Scheme or A Hurricane of Humor Along the Coast" by Gale Richards reveals that the author had traveled as far as the Royal Palm Hotel in Miam i and seen some Seminole Indians. This 1905 epic was one of at least four stories app arently based on a trip taken by the author. The best known of all Dime Novel writers, G ilbert Patten, appears to have come to the Cumberland Island, Amelia Island, and Fernan dina areas at the turn of the century. His famous series Tip Top Weekly has a title "Frank Merriwell's Party" in which the beach at Fernandina is described in some detail. Perhaps the most amusing of the Dime Novel accounts of Florida is in the British series True Blue Library and is entitled "In the Grip of the Crackers." This epic story of One of the best juvenile series about Florida was W ilmer Ely ’s Boy Chums Series. This volume deals with adventu res among the Greeks at early Tarpon Springs. Numerous books for American girls also had Florida locales during the early 1900’s, as evidenced by these two specimens.

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the adventures of two young Britishers in the St. J ohns River area of Florida strikes a number of violent t hemes before concluding on a positive note with the heroe s on their way to becoming wealthy in their vastly succe ssful orange grove. The ignorance of the Florida Crackers and the venomous violence of the local black population are contrasted to the civilized demeanor of the British and a Northerner who is on the scene. This turn of the ce ntury story bears no date but can be dated in the late 18 90's from external evidence. While the dialogue is far from believable and the simulated Cracker accents are le ss than accurate the descriptive passages ring true and ref lect the experience of a firsthand observer. The University of South Florida collection of girls books in series has a number of titles that indicat e Florida locales. Some of these are romantic stories which c ould have had any title and bear no relationship at all to Florida. The Automobile Girls at Palm Beach, (1913), has an overample supply of noble titles and description of clo thes and social events, but virtually nothing is written to set the scene in Florida. By way of contrast The Moving Picture Girls Under the Palms, (1914), goes into considerable accurate detail with its description of St. Augusti ne and Florida flora and fauna. The passages about manatees are quite well done and not far from fact. The book titled Mary Jane Down South gives fair descriptions of Jacksonville, St. Augustine, and Da ytona that could only have come firsthand from the author The visit of Mary Jane to the home of Harriet Beecher S towe at Mandarin on the St. Johns River is well described a nd in some detail. The pseudonym "Laura Lee Hope," a hous e name of the Stratemeyer syndicate appears as author for both The Moving Picture Girls Under the Palms described above and The Outdoor Girls in Florida. In both titles an adventure with a manatee pulling a boat forms a maj or incident in the story. WHILE MANY of the boys series books of the 18901930 period use the device of a Florida locale to a chieve interest in their readers few indeed added to the k nowledge of Florida and its landscape. The Florida adventure s of St. George Rathbone make tame but interesting reading t oday. His book Paddling Under Palmettos published in 1902 is based on his vacations spent in a canoe on the Indi an River. The detail is mainly of fishing and hunting and is still of interest to the modern reader. The Big Five Motorcycle Boys on Florida Trails by Ralph Marlow subtitled Adventures Among the Saw Palmetto Crackers gives a laughable but only too true idea of the state of the Florida roads as of 1914. The major villain of the Like the specimen about to take a bite out of Elsie Bellwood above, the Florida alligator played a prominent role in many turn-of-the-century Florida boys ’ books. Portrayed here is an archetype of the “villianous Cracker” as portrayed by unsympathetic “Yankee” writers of juvenile novels set in Florida. The “Crackers” probably didn’t think much of the writers from up North either.

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piece is imported from Ohio but, as usual, the Flor ida cracker is portrayed as mean, shiftless, ignorant, and gullible. Louis Arundel's series the Motor Boat Boys has one volume devoted to Florida, The Motor Boat Boys Among the Florida Keys. This 1913 epic takes the heroes around Florida from East to West. The only source of infor mation on the State seems to have been a map. There is no descriptive detail at all a nd the reader learns little about the locale of the story. Another book that promises much but delivers little of interest is Boy Scouts In the Everglades by Archibald Lee Fletcher. This rather slangy 1913 epic gives minimal detail to set the scene. The Outdoor Chums on the Gulf by Captain Quincy Allen purports to be about the area from the Florida Keys to Cedar Key. Except for the mention of alligators there is little to be found in the text that is of Florida i nterest. The naivete of both authors and readers disappeared at the close of the 1920's with a well written juvenile titled The Boast of the Seminole by Lange published in 1930 as a volume in a series of Indian Stories With Historical Bases. This action packed adventure in Florida during the Second Seminole War describes in considerable detail the "skulking Indians," and "great saurians" but has the virtue o f long and accurate descriptions of such diverse items as fiddler crabs and coontie. To its credit it uses and translates numerous Seminole words. Lengthy quotations from the writing s of William Bartram balance the blood and thunder of skirmishes with Indians and th e book ends with the timely statement, "... and may the white man not despoil t he land which has been entrusted to his care!".

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Autographs and Manuscripts at the University of South Florida By Paul Eugen Camp Among the most interesting and perhaps least expect ed items to be found at the University of South Florida Library are the many au tographs of famous persons which may be seen in the Library's Special Collections De partment. Unknown to many members of the University community, the Library's collections contain actual letters and other original writings of such people as President Thomas Jefferson and General Robert E. Lee. These unique artifacts provide visitors to the Library with an opportunity to see close up the actual hand writing of people usually known only as characters in history books. Presidents, kings, poets, and artists, even revolutionaries all these and more are represented in the Library's holdings, ready for ex amination by any interested visitor. Most of the autographs housed in the Library's rare books area have been acquired as parts of the Special Collections Department's manus cript resources. Gathered to support research use of the Department's book collections, original manuscripts provide scholars with the raw material for creative investigation. T hree distinct collections of manuscripts are housed in the Department: the Library's own man uscript collection, the manuscript collection of the Florida Historical Society, and a group of important manuscripts on long-term loan to the Library from private owners. The bulk of the manuscripts forming the Library's own collection has been received by gift over the years, usually donated by persons concerned that important papers in their possession be ensured against destruction and made available for scholarly use. In this category are the extensive personal papers of LeRoy Collins, Governor of Florida from 1955 to 1961. The Collins Papers constitute the Library's largest single manuscript collection to date, rivalled only by the still growing papers of Congre ssman Sam Gibbons which are also located at USF. Reliance on donation for the develo pment of the University's manuscript collection is dictated both by the fact that such u nique private papers are quite often still in private hands, and by the traditional shortage o f state allocated funds for acquisition of specialized research material. Some important manus cript collections and significant single documents have, however, been purchased from allocated funds when the materials came on the market. The most significant collection acquired by purchase is the Library's Dion Boucicault Collection. The surviving manuscripts of Irish-American playwright and actor Dion Boucicault (18201890), this c ollection was the subject of two articles in the Spring, 1979 issue of Ex Libris. Building a major manuscript collection by Letter signed by Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain on August 12, 1492, nine days after Columbus sailed on his vo yage of discovery.

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purchase, however, is a difficult proposition today due primarily to the often prohibitively high prices of important items on the open market. History-conscious donors of family and other private papers are and will remain the mo st important source of original research material for the University's collection. Although the Library accepts with gratitude autogra phs and manuscripts of notable persons whatever their nationality or area of achie vement, active collecting is generally limited to materials supportive of our major resear ch book collections. The emphasis in acquisition of original manuscripts is on materials relating to the history and development of Florida, with particular stress placed on items relating to Tampa and the southwestern part of the state. Second in priority is acquisitio n of original literary manuscript, correspondence and other writings to support the Library's collection of books by 19th Century American writers. By far the most numerous category of manuscripts in the Special Collections Department are those relating to Florida. The Library's own extensive Florida holdings are greatly strengthened by the highly significant manuscript collection of the Florida Historical Society. Together, the two collections provide a rich and varied trove of Florida research materials ranging in date from the 17th to the 20th Centuries. Includ ed are many types of manuscript, such as letters, journals, diaries, account books, busin ess records, and many others. Although primarily of importance for the irreplacea ble historical data they contain, these documents are a treasure house of Florida-rel ated autographs. Not only are notable Floridians represented, but also many famous non-Fl orida residents who played important parts in the development of the state. Si gnatures may be found here of figures like President Andrew Jackson, who in 1821 served a s Florida's first American Governor, of David Levy Yulee, who was the state's first U.S. Senator (1845) and perhaps Florida's most famous Jewish citizen, and of Key West lawyer Stephen Russell Mallory (18131873), who served the Confederacy as Secretary of t he Navy, as well as those of other famous and near-famous persons in Florida's past. IN ADDITION to autographs of notable personalities associated with Florida, the Department's manuscript collections include many im portant holographic accounts and journals, some of great length, telling of early Fl orida life. Perhaps one of the most interesting is a manuscript account of the Indian K ey Massacre. On August 7, 1840 a band of Indians killed most of the inhabitants of I ndian Key, Florida. Among those killed was renowned botanist Dr. Henry Perrine (for whom P errine, Florida is named). In 1885 Dr. Perrine's daughter Hester Perrine Walker, who e scaped death by hiding beneath a wharf, wrote a detailed account of the massacre for her grandchildren, the original of which is now located at the USF Library. A considerable number of the Library's original pap ers relate to the history of Tampa Holograph note signed by early American Feminist Su san B. Anthony.

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and environs. Among the Tampa-related items are, for instance, several holograph letters written by Colonel George Mercer Brooke, who in 1824 built Fort Brooke, the military post about which Tampa grew. Another Tampa item is an 1881 petition from the town of Tampa to Congress asking that the 16-mile Fort Brooke military reserve be granted to the municipality as a park. The petition, which was not granted, bears the signatures of most of the town's leading citizens (and those of many not-so-leading Tampans as well). The families of many of the petition's signers reside in Tampa to this day. On a more modern note the USF manuscript collection also includes the papers of the late Cody Fowler relating to Tampa's bi-racial committee of the civil rights era, as discussed in Dr. Steven Lawson's Ex Libris article "The Civil Rights Era in Tampa: A Forgotten Legacy" (vol. 1, no. 4). These manuscripts and othe rs like them constitute a major resource for the study of our community and its dev elopment. Next in importance to the Library's Florida papers are its 19th Century American literary manuscripts. Though the University has bee n actively collecting such documents for less than five years, still a significant body of original American literary items has been developed. Among the autographs of famous pre1900 American writers in the collection are those of Joaquin Miller (1841?-1913) once internationally acclaimed as "the Byron of Oregon" of Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896), whose novel Uncle Tom's Cabin did so much to bring on the Civil War; and of Ann Sophia Stephens (1813-1886), an exceedingly popular writer of "respectable" ro-mances who, ironically enough, is remembered chiefly as the author of the first dime novel, Malaeska, the Indian Wife of the White Hunter (1860). Particularly well represented are American women novelists and poets, some still famous like Mrs. Stowe, more almost forgotten, like Sarah Josepha Hale (1788-1879) who in 1830 wrote the classic nursery rhyme "Mary Had A Little Lamb." Two of USF's most interesting items of literary Americana are manuscript copies of "America," and the "Pledge of Allegiance," each in the author's own handwriting. "America," which has on several occasions been proposed as a replacement for "The Star Spangled Banner" as our n ational anthem, was written by poet Samuel Francis Smith in 1832. The USF copy, written and signed by Smith, is dated Autograph letter of Colonel George Mercer Brooke who established Ft. Brooke on Tampa Bay in 1824. This letter is dated July 16, 1818. Original letter in the hand of Aperican poet William Cullen Bryant.

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1885. The "Pledge of Allegiance," recited daily by generations of American school children, was originally written by Francis Bellamy and published in The Youth's Companion in 1892. Bellamy retired to Tampa in 1921, where he remained until his death ten years later. The Library's holograph copy of the "Pledge" was written by Bellamy for Pauline Truelson Gibbons around 1928. M rs. Gibbons, a member of the Library staff, generously donated her copy of the Pledge" to the Library. THE LIBRARY'S own holdings of 19th Century literary materials are supplemented by a number of manuscripts on long-term loan to the University. The most extensive of these is the personal collection of Mr. J. B. Dobki n of San Antonio, Florida. The Dobkin Collection includes original letters by American wr iters like Timothy Shay Arthur (18091885), remembered for his temperance writings like Ten Nights in a Barroom, and American travel writer and explorer Bayard Taylor (1825-1878). These privately owned papers generousl y placed on long-term deposit with the Library's Spec ial Collections Department are a most welcome addition to its research capabilities. Although primary areas of collection development are Florida and American literary manuscript, there are many other types of original writings represented i n USF's holdings. One may discover autographs of famo us Americans of many periods and regions. There are, f or instance, letters of such titans of the Confederacy as General Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870) of the Army o f Northern Virginia, and Jefferson Davis (1808-1889), first and only President of the "Lost Cause." On the othe r side, one may see autographs of Union officers like General Philip H. Sheridan and Lee's nemesis, Gener al Ulysses Simpson Grant. Present also are signatures and other writings of famous women like feminist Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906), who led the fight for woman's suffrage. Among the more unusual items is a handwritten letter from a Chickasaw Indian leader named Wolf's Friend. Addres sed to Indian trader William Panton, it is dated April 30, 1797 and discusses th e Chickasaw nation's desire for continued peace. A category well represented at USF is autographs of American presidents ranging from Thomas Jefferson (third President, 1801-1809) to Richard Milhous Nixon (thirtyseventh President, 1968-1974). The Library's collec tion of presidential autographs includes letters, signed photographs, and other doc uments. Although not every president of the United States is represented, enough are to make a very interesting collection. Presidents like Andrew Jackson, John Fitzgerald Ken nedy, Theodore Roosevelt, and every president from Franklin Delano Roosevelt onwa rd are represented, along with many others. A great many autographs of famous European personal ities are also present in USF's manuscript collections. Among the autograph letters signed photographs, and other holographic items may be seen the handwriting of su ch notables as Spanish artist Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), French actress Sarah Bernhardt (1845-1923), and English poet Typed letter from President John Fitzgerald Kennedy to LeRoy Collins, Governor of Florida.

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Robert Browning (1812-1889). Perhaps the most inter esting of all the manuscripts in the Library is a document dated August 12, 1492 and sig ned by both King Ferdinand (14521516) and Queen Isabella (1451-1504) of Spain. Writ ten nine days after Columbus set sail on his voyage of discovery, it is a military d irective to the Spanish commander on the border with the Kingdom of Navarre. Other notable m anuscripts include two letters written and signed by German scientist Alexander vo n Humboldt (1769-1859). Though generally forgotten by the public today, von Humbol dt was once called the second best known European of the 19th Century (second only to Napoleon). His Kosmos, a description of the physical universe in five volume s, is a landmark publication in the history of science. The famous, the near-famous, and the nearly forgott en-all are richly represented in the manuscript collections housed in USF's Special Collections Department. The handwriting of many persons acting in many times an d places survives there for modern eyes to see and modern minds to touch. Each autogra ph, as unique as the hand that shaped it, is a personalized time capsule from an i ndividual whose works we perhaps know, but whose essential humanity is often hard to grasp across the years. Whether one's motivation is scholarly research or simply pe rsonal interest, seeing these fascinating bits of history is a reward and educational experie nce well repaying a visit to the Library.

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Associates' Events & Activities Third Annual Library Associates Book Sale: The Annual Book Sale took place as scheduled in the University Center Ballroom on November 4, 5, and 6,1979. We are pleased to announ ce that the sale was most satisfactory, both from our viewpoint and from thos e of the hundreds of booklovers who picked up book bargains. As has become customary, t he sale opened with a Sunday evening session open to members of the Associates o nly on the fourth. The public portion of the sale began on the fifth and continued throug h the sixth. As was the case last year, prices were reduced to 100 per volume for the final hours of the sale. This finished off most of the surviving volumes, leaving us with a ti dy sum to finance Associates activities in the coming year. Again this year staff for the sale was provided by volunteers from the USF library science program. For undertaking the monumental tas ks involved in staging the sale a portion of the proceeds have been given to the Libr ary, Media and Information Studies Graduate Department to support its special programs Particular credit is due to Mr. Mike Snow, who largely saw to the pricing of the thousan ds of volumes and directed the overall operation of the sale. Mr. Snow is currentl y completing his master's degree in library science at USF, so unfortunately, this is t he last year we will be able to enjoy his outstanding services in connection with our book sa le. By any standards the sale was a great success. In t he months since it was held the Special Collections staff has received many calls f rom persons who had heard rumors of the sale and wanted to find out about it. Though to o late for this year, hopefully these people will swell our clientele next November. The Fourth Annual Book Sale is already scheduled for the University Center Ballroom again next November. We are actively accumulating books already, and have at present gathe red nearly a thousand volumes. Since next year will to all appearances be very lean fina ncially for libraries, we will be counting on all our well wishers to make next year's sale th e best yet. If you have books you do not need, please call us at 974-2731 for information re lative to donations. First Library Associates Student Book Collection Co ntest: To promote the collection and enjoyment of books by members of the USF community, the Library Associates, with support fro m the University's Library, Media, and Information Studies Graduate Department will ho ld a student book collection contest this spring. Two one hundred dollar prizes will be awarded to the USF students judged to have collected the most significant personal librar y entered in the contest. The contest is open to all regularly enrolled students of the Univ ersity, including those attending any of USF's branch campuses. At least one of the prizes w ill be awarded to an undergraduate. Collections entered in the contest will be limited to no less than ten and no more than fifty items, defined according to some area of inte rest (such as a particular author or subject, type of book, etc.). The substance of the collection will be of prime importance, judging being based on such factors as thoroughness imagination, and coherence. Consideration may be given to the excellence of des ign and production of books comprising a collection, but rarity and monetary va lue per se will be of secondary importance in the judging. Contestants wishing to enter the contest will do so by submitting a typed, annotated

PAGE 19

bibliography including each item entered, cited in a consistent bibliographic style. All books entered must be the property of the contestan t. The bibliography must be prefaced by a statement of purpose indicating the scope and goals of the collection, along with a list of ten titles the contestant would like to add to the collection if circumstances permitted. Preliminary judging wil be done on the b asis of these three documents, and finalists will be requested to bring their collecti ons to the Library for final judging. Persons interested in entering the 1980 contest may obtain contest rules and information from Mr. J. B. Dobkin at the Special Co llections Department, USF Library (Tampa, 33620, telephone 974-2731). Deadline for ap plications is April 7, 1980. Final judging will take place on April 14-15. The awards will be presented at a luncheon ceremony on April 18th, which we hope all Associate s members will plan to attend if possible. Credit for the development of the student book cont est is due to two members of the Associates' Board, Mr. Bruce Fleury and Dr. Fred Pf ister. The contest rules and procedures were developed by these two gentlemen af ter an extensive srvey of the nation's academic libraries lasting well over a yea r. Perhaps the most detailed study of American student book contests ever conducted, the results of Mr. Fleury's and Dr. Pfister's research will form the basis for an artic le that has been accepted for publication by College and Research Libraries, a major professional library journal.

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UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA LIBRARY ASSOCIATES BOARD OF DIRECTORS Mrs. Dorothy Sullivan, President Mr. J. B. Dobkin, Executive Secretary Mr. Laurence Burchell Mrs. Barbara Johnson Dr. Fred Pfister Mrs. Louise Burchell Mr. William L. Johnson Dr. Wil liam Scheuerle Mrs. Barbara Dalby Mr. Arnold Kotler Mr. Michael Slicker Mrs. Ann Fluharty Mrs. Lee Leavengood Mr. Mike Sno w Mrs. Nancy Ford Ms. Jane Little Mr. Richard Stein Mrs. Mary Lou Harkness Mrs. Lillian Morton Mr. A. Bronson Thayer Mr. Robert F. Morton Mr. William Zewadski Any person who wishes to help in furthering the goa ls of the USF Library Associates is eligible to become a member. Regular, sustaining, p atron, corporate, and student memberships are available on an annual basis (Septe mber 1 to August 31). Student memberships are open only to regularly enrolled stu dents of the University of South Florida, and are valid only so long as the member r emains a regular USF student. Life memberships are also available to interested person s. Membership in the Associates includes a subscriptio n to Ex Libris, a journal of articles and news about Associates activities, libr ary developments, and other topics likely to be of interest to Bay area bibliophiles. The member is also entitled to attend all Associates functions and, in addition, is eligible for book loan privileges at the University Library, subject to prevailing library regulations. So, if you are interested in helping us to obtain a better library for the University and its community, and want to participate in the many services and activities offered to members by the Library Associates, please use the m embership blank below and become one of us today.


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