Ex libris

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Ex libris

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Ex libris journal of the USF Library Associates
USF Library Associates
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
USF Library Associates.
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non-fiction ( marcgt )
serial ( sobekcm )

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Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
E09-00012-152 ( USFLDC DOI )
e9.12-152 ( USFLDC Handle )

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Exhibits EXHIBITS of rare and unusual items from the Univers ity's collections are displayed in the Library on a continuing basis. Display areas ar e located in the main lobby on the first floor of the Library building, and on the fourth fl oor in both the lobby and the Special Collections reading room. CURRENT EXHIBIT First Floor Lobby: "Recent Acquisitions" During Semester II, 1982-83 a selection of books, m aps, manusacripts and other special items added to the Library's collection ove r the past year will be on display. Included will be rare Floridiana, historical and li terary manuscripts, colorful early American children's books, dime novels, and other i tems acquired during past months. The items comprising the display will provide a cro ss-section of the continuing development of theLibrary's research collections. Many of the books and other materials were acquired through support provided by the Libra ry Associates, so this display will celebrate the increasing role the Associates is pla ying in the development of our Library. Fourth Floor Lobby: "Making Crime Pay: Two Florida Writers View Crime and Criminals" The USF manuscript collection contains the personal papers of two Florida writers who, in a manner of speaking, devoted themselves to crime. Mystery writer Baynard Kendrick, best known for his creation of the blind detective Duncan McClain, dealt with fictional crime and criminals. William T. Brannon, long known as the "dean of American true crime writers," documented the often gruesome and all too real facts of crime. Kendrick often used Florida settings for his novels and stories, while many of Brannon's articles dealt with events in Florida and, not infr equently, in the Tampa Bay area. The current exhibit illustrates through their writings and manuscripts how these two Florida writiers presented their individual viewpoints of c rime and criminals. SUMMER SEMESTER, 1983-1984 First Floor Lobby: "Florida Schools and School-days , 1821-1921" In summer when children are out of school, many tea chers become students themselves. They come to USF to extend and improve their teaching skills. It is appropriate, then, that our summer exhibit deals wi th education and educators in the Sunshine State. Using books, journals, and pictures drawn from Special Collections, the exhibit illustrates the history of Florida educatio n from the days of Territorial Florida to the early years of our own century. Through a wide range of materials ... photographs of early schools, students and teachers, books from th e Florida Collection, old school yearbooks, and diverse other items ... it will prov ide a window into a century of American childhood. Fourth Floor Lobby: "Hoof, Claw and Fin: Hunting an d Fishing in Early Florida" Before Disney World or Busch Gardens, among Florida 's main claims to fame were its unspoiled natural beauty and the profusion of i ts wildlife. During the 19th and early 20th Centuries, sportsmen (and women) were drawn to Florida from throughout the


nation and abroad to fish in Florida's waters and h unt waterfowl, deer, bear, and of course the ubiquitous Florida alligator. Florida presented a very different face to hunters and fishermen than it does today, and its resources in fish and game seemed inexhaustible. Hunting and fishing, and the myriad books and artic les written by sportsmen, played a major role in publicizing Florida and bringing both visitors and settlers to the state. Through the medium of photographs, postcard views, books and manuscripts, this exhibit will reflect a Florida of not all that long ago whe n titled Englishmen and wealthy Northerners trekked to Florida with gun and rod ... a ti me when our state's wildlife resources seemed literally boundless CONTENTS ExhibitsÂ…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Inside Front Cover Some Early Tampa HotelsÂ…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…1 Major AcquisitionsÂ…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…...8 Treasure Hunting for Florida HistoryÂ…Â…Â…Â…..9 Let Us Now Praise Famous MenÂ…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…13 Associates Events and ActivitiesÂ…Â…Â…Â…Â…Â…14 Cover: Palmetto Hotel in Tampa, 1885. Programs, activities, and services of the Universit y of South Florida are available to all on a non-discriminatory basis, without regard to ra ce, color, creed, religion, sex, age, national origin, or handicap. The University is an affirmative action Equal Opportunity Employer. Ex Libris Vol. 5, No. 2 Ex Libris is published by the USF Library Associates, Univer sity of South Florida, Tampa, Florida. Please address suggestions and comments to J. B. Do bkin, Executive Secretary, USF Library Associates, USF Library, Tampa, Fla. 33620. Not printed at State expense. Except as noted, illustrations in Ex Libris are reproduced from works in the Special Collections Department of the University of South F lorida Library. Photography is by the photography department of USFÂ’s Division of Educati onal Resources.


SOME EARLY TAMPA HOTELS TAMPA'S first hotel, located on the east bank of th e Hillsborough River slightly north of Fort Brooke, was opened in 1837 by Captain Rufus D. Kilgore. He named the twelve-room frame structure the Tampa Hotel, but ot hers sometimes called it the Kilgore. Josiah Gates, a South Carolinian, leased the hotel in 1841 and operated it for a year before moving southward to the Manatee River, where he and his family established Gates House, a six-room cabin inn with detached kit chen. During the next few years Henry Clark, Major Robert Gamble, the Braden brothe rs (Hector and Dr. Joseph) and others joined the Gates family, and in 1855 these p rosperous settlers on the Manatee formed their own county. This was a blow to Tampa -their former county seatand a severe yellow fever epidemic in 1858 further retarded the town's growth . Despite these setbacks, Tampa boasted three hotels by 1860. They were the Palmer House, which had been in operation for some time and was then managed by one Reason Duke, the Washington House (Mrs. Ann M. Roberts), and the Florida House (Mr. and Mrs. R. B. Thomas). At the Florida House, board and lodging "of the finest" were offered at $1.50 a day, $8 a week or $30 a month. Built and owned by Captain James McKay, this hotel stood at the corner of Marion Street and Lafayette Street, later part of Kennedy Boulevard, according to the late Theodore Lesley. The hotel which was to become Tampa's principal one for more than a decade, the Orange Grove, was built in 1860 by William B. Hooke r, a wealthy cattleman, as his family home. It was located at the intersection of East and Madison Streets. Converted to. a hotel after the Civil War, it was operated by Hoo ker's son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Henry L. Crane. Poet Sidney Lanier, visiting i n 1876, described it as a "large threestory house with many odd nooks and corners, altoge ther clean and comfortable in appearance and surrounded by orange trees in full f ruit." When Henry B. Plant and some of his lieutenants in the South Florida Railroad first came to Tampa on December 1, 1883, it was at the Or ange Grove Hotel that they were "royally entertained," after journeying eighteen mi les by horse-and-buggy over railroad. Several weeks later, when the railroad was complete d, a big stag party was heldat the Orange Grove Hotelto celebrate the event. Num erous speeches were made, and the festivities lasted until dawn was near. The committ ee in charge of this banquet included Judge James T. Magbee, Dr. Duff Post, Reverend T. A . Carruth, Henry L. Crane, John B. Spencer, Judge H. L. Mitchell, J. B. Wall, R. B. Th omas, John T. Lesley, Captain John Miller, G. B. Sparkman, S. A. Jones, Harry L. Branc h, and John N. C. Stockton. When poet Sidney Lanier visited Tampa in 1876, he s topped at TampaÂ’s leading hotel, the Orange Grove. The old ho tel, built in 1860, survived well into the 20th century.


Tampa, with its history of yellow fever epidemics, was the railroad magnate's second choice for a coastal town to develop as the souther n terminus of his network of railroads, and the princiapl port for his shipping lines. He f irst had chosen Cedar Key, which had been a port for decades, and which was the western terminus of Florida's first cross-state railroad, originating at Fernandina. But when Plant believed that he had the acquired all the necessary properties at Cedar Key, he learned that the railway terminal at that village was not included, and was not for sale. Infuriated, Plant is said to have exploded: "I'll wipe Cedar Key off the map! Owls will hoot in your attics and hogs will wallow in your deserted streets!" He then chose Tampa, its population diminished in twenty years from 885 to 720 because of recurrent fevers, and revised his plan. He bought the South Florida Railroad, which ran from Sanford to Kissimmee, via Orlando. It was facing bankruptcy, and its president, Henry L. Sanford, was happy to s ell it to his friend and business associate. The Plant Steamship Line came next, providing depen dable service to Key West and Havana. Tampa became one of the nation's outstanding boom t owns, and into it poured men and women from every walk of life. The population i ncreased from 722 in 1880 to 2,376 on December 1, 1885. Such was the power of the Iron Horse. The editor of the Ocala Banner exclaimed: "How this railroad service kills time and space! Only a little while ago it took two days to go from Ocala to Tampa and four days to reach Jacksonville. Now we can speed over the ro ute in a few hours in comfort. Because of the railroads, this entire country is be ing magically transformed." So many newcomers flocked to Tampa during the Winte r of 1883-84the beginning of a golden era for the townthat its hotels and r ooming houses were filled. During the Summer of 1884 three new hotels were built: the H. B. Plant, the St. James, and the Palmetto, each of frame construction and each havin g about forty rooms. The H. B. Plant, located on the east side of Ashley Street, between Lafayette and Madison, was owned by Jerry T. Anderson, who opened it on December 4, 1884. The St. James, on the northeast corner of Franklin and Harrison Streets, had a billiard room and 405 feet of verandas. It was built by Dr. H. M. Bruce. The Palmetto, built by Judge N. G. Buff, was advert ised as "one of the largest and most commodious hotels in South Florida." It was th ree stories high, with a five-story observatory. Tampa came alive, and gained Havana's cigar industr y; Ybor City was born. A prestigious restaurant-hotel in Ybor City was El Pasaje at Eighth Avenue and 21st 1885 view of the H.B. Plant Hotel in Tampa.


Street, which dated from the 1890's. For some forty years it welcomed guests, from Cuba's Jose Marti to Florida political leaders. The Almeria Hotel, a three-story brick building, was built in 1886 by Dr. Howell T. Lykes at the northeast corner of the Franklin-Washington intersection. Dr. Lykes, a prosperous physician and cattleman of Brooksville, named the hotel for his wife, Almeria McKay Lykes. It was one of Tampa's leading hotels for a number of years, then it was m odernized and converted into office space for the Lykes brothers, sons of Dr. and Mrs. Lykes. The Lykes Brothers firm moved in 1968 to the Hillsborough Hotel. Plant again waved his magic wand in 1887 , announcing plans to invest millions in various improvements to Tampa. He built a railroad bridge across the Hillsborough River and extended his rail track southwestward six miles farther, to deep water, thus creating Port Tampa. He constructed a wharf a mile long, and build Port Tampa Inn out over the water on stilts. Guests at the Inn could enjoy the novelty of fishing from the windows of their rooms. In July, 1888 , Plant laid the cornerstone of the Tampa Bay Hotel, described as "one of the most fantastic buildings this nation has seen." Plant's offer to build the hotel was subject to extension of Lafayette Street a half-mile west of t he Hillsborough River, and construction of a bridge over the river at that point, both of w hich improvements were made. The wooden bridge cost $15,000 and put an end to Jesse Hayden's ferry enterprise. Moorish in architecture, the hotel was designed by J. A. Wood of New York, who also supervised the construction. Hundreds of craft smen were hired to build it, including a new typeelectricians. Its 511 rooms were lighted by electricity, as were its 13 silvery domes and minarets, each bearing a crescent moon representing a month i n the Mohammedan year. The exterior walls, 12 inches thick, were of concrete r einforced with railroad trackage, which became surplus when the rails of the South Florida Railroad were widened to standard gauge in 1886. The lobby of the Tampa Bay Hotel (now University of Tampa) circa 1900. The DeSoto Hotel under construction, circa 1893.


The hotel covered six acres, a walk around it was a mile long, and one of its main corridors was twelve hundred feet from end to end. Its cost was close to three million dollars. Mr. and Mrs. Plant toured Europe, where th ey and their agents spent about one million dollars on period furniture, statuary and t he like, sending shiploads of these treasures to Tampa to be installed in the new hotel . In these days of runaway inflation, when buildings might cost from ten million dollars upward, these dollar amounts seem less than impress ive. For comparison of the value of the dollar, then and now: most first-class hotels o f the 1890's charged $1.50 to $2 a day, less by the week, all meals included. Over on Flori da's east coast, carpenters and other workmen employed in building Henry M. Flagler's lav ish Royal Poinciana Hotel were paid from $1.50 to $2.25 a day. Floors at the Tampa Bay were covered with thirty th ousand square yards of red carpeting with a pattern of blue dragons, and walls were adorned with carved mirrors from Italy. All of the original window glass was im ported from France. Among the drawing room furnishings were a sofa and two chairs which had belonged to Marie Antoinette; four gilt chairs once owned by Louis Philippe; and a number of Spanish, French, and Japanese cabinets. Along the h allways were antique carved Dutch chairs and others of rare onyx, and the art collect ion which decorated the walls included beautiful oil paintings, water colors, and steel en gravings. A staff of three hundred persons was hired and kept busy preparing for the new hotel's formal opening ball on February 5, 1891. About two thousand guests arrived for the event by train, in carriage and launches. Every room was filled. A New York orchestra played for dancing throughout the night. Champagne was abundant, while stronger drink was di spensed in the downstairs rathskeller. In that rathskeller seven years later, some young A rmy officers awaiting shipment to the Spanish-American War in Cuba discovered that Cu ban rum, mixed with a new soft drink from Atlanta with the improbable name of Coca Cola, poured over cracked ice, prompted the imbiber to exclaim, "Cuba libre!". Opening festivities included operatic and popular m usic, and a tennis tournament in which Dr. Dwight Davis (of Davis Cup fame) was a co ntestant. Some of the finest food ever prepared in America wa s served at the Tampa Bay, on Wedgwood china. The hotel's pastry cook had been wi th Delmonico's for fifteen years. Plant kept a fleet of rickshas for transporting gue sts, not only about the hotel grounds but also through its long interior hallways. Outdoor sports provided for guests included golf an d tennis. Hunting expeditions could be arranged. The casino adjacent to the hotel contained a huge interior swimming pool which, when not in use, was covered by the mov able casino floor. Among artists who performed in the theatre were Joh n Drew, Anna Pavlova, Sarah Bernhardt, and Paderewski. The grounds of the Tampa Bay were beautified with m ore than 150 varieties of palm trees, ferns, and other tropical plants. During the heyday of this luxury hotel, guests paid a base rate of six dollars a day per person, with meals. Suites ranged up to seventy-fiv e dollars. The Tampa Bay was only one of those built and/or ow ned by the Plant System. Others were the Belleview at Belleair, the Inn at P ort Tampa, the Seminole at Winter


Park, the Kissimmee Hotel, the Punta Gorda, and bri efly the Fort Myers later known as the Royal Palm, built and furnished by Hugh O'Neill of New York. In addition to the Tampa Bay, another of the Plant hotels which has survived handsomely is the Belleview, facing Clearwater Harb or, now known as the Belleview Biltmore. It is said to be the largest occupied woo den structure in the world, and is a mecca for golfers. An editorial about Plant in the Atlanta Constitution on October 27, 1895 noted: "Above any other man living, he represents the grea t industrial revolution which has come over the face of the southern states and which marks the success of free over slave labor." As a result of its role in the Spanish-American War , the Tampa Bay acquired a place in history as one of the truly great American hotel s. Dispatches and books written by famous guests who stayed at the hotel during that t ime caused Tampa to become known far and wide. The DeSoto, built in 1892-93 by Captain R. F. Webb, was Tampa's major year-round hotel until July, 1912, when the Hillsborough was completed. Built by a company headed by Lee B. Skinner, who had made a fortune in the citrus industry at Dunedin, the DeSoto was the largest commerical hotel in Florida at the time of its completion. Skinner's associates were Charles Wright, a well-known Tampan, and J. L. Tallivast, who had made money in naval stores in Manatee County. The twelve-story Tampa Terrace Hotel and the eighteen-story Floridan were products of the land boom of the mid-1920's. A group of forty citizens invested one thousand dollars each, late in 1924, and bought the northeast corner of Florida Avenue and Lafayette Street from Joe B. Johnson as the site for the Tampa Terrace Hotel, which was financed by an Atlanta syndicate. After the boom collapsed, the Tampa Terrace was sold to Barro n G. Collier of New York, who had made millions in street car advertising and was inv esting a good bit of his money in Florida properties. The Tampa Bay Hotel was sold in 1905-the magnificie nt building and all its treasures, plus 150 acres of land, to the city of T ampa for $125,000 cash. The hotel continued to be the center of Tampa's social life u ntil 1920, although it was not financially profitable. By the time of the Great De pression it had ceased to function as a hotel. The University of Tampa, which in 1933 was operatin g as a junior college at Hillsborough High School, was offered the use of th e Tampa Bay Hotel for one dollar a year. Thus the grand old building was saved and res tored, and a vital new university found. Tampa Terrace Hotel, circa 1946.


The Floridan was the tallest hotel in Florida in 19 25, when it was conceived by A. J. Simms, who came to Tampa in 1907 and became a leadi ng developer. He formed the Tampa Commerical Hotel Company, himself serving as general manager and secretary, and named a group of prominent citizens as company officials. Included were W. E. Dorchester, L. C. Edwards, T. N. Henderson, C. H. C onstans, Abe Maas, J. W. Warren, Clarence Holtsinger, G. C. Warren, J. C. Vinson, Be n Cosio, Webb Clarke, and L. J. Efird. Work on the hotel began on February 4, 1926, and it was opened on January 15, 1927. Like the Tampa Terrace, the Floridan passed i nto Collier's hands after the crash. Both were operated by the Collier Florida Coast Hot els, Inc. The Floridan was bought on May 11, 1943, by a group of twelve persons, among whom were children of Paul H. Smith and Julian L. C one. This group organized the Floridan Hotel Operating Company, buyer in 1946 of the Thomas Jefferson Hotel originally the Olive, which had been rebuilt and gr eatly enlarged in 1926 by Logan Brothers. Purchase price for the 162-room Thomas Je fferson was reported to be $250,000. The Tampa Terrace Hotel was purchased on February 7 , 1946, by a syndicate composed of Mrs. Angeles Corral and fifteen other p ersons. Overlord, Inc. was organized to operate the hotel. It was razed in 1965-66. Other early Tampa hotels included the three-story T remont, located on the northwest corner of the Tampa-Lafayette Street intersection; the ten-story Bay View; the Palmerin, on Davis Island; the Park-View, overlooking Plant P ark; the Bayshore Royal, the first high-rise building to face Tampa's bayshore; the bo om-time Mirasol, and others. Excerpted in part from Chapter 5 of Florida's Fabled Inns By Louise K. Frisbie


MAJOR ACQUISITIONS SINCE THE LAST issue of Ex Libris our research collections have continued to expand in almost all areas of our collecting intere st. A number of significant early American textbooks have been added to USF's holding s, including such items as a 1781 edition of Thomas Dilworth's A New Guide to the English Tongue and William Grimshaw's History of the United States ... to the Cession of Florida (1821). A group of thirty 19th Century American almanacs was added to our almanac holdings. The almanacs, including issues of Thomas' Farmer's Almanac , the Ladies Almanac and the Phrenological Almanac, range in date from 1810 to 1866. Many useful additions have been made to the Library 's 19th Century American Literature Collection as well. Among the items adde d were an interesting copy of Ann H.T. Bigelow's The Kings and Queens o f England and Other Poems , published by the author in Boston in 1853. The copy is, in spite of its age, in excellent condition with its red cloth binding unfaded and its gilt lettering an d decorations bright. A full page manuscript dedication letter from the author is wri tten on the front end paper of the book discussing how the poems came to be written. Also a cquired recently was a copy of Emerson Bennett's Clara Moreland, or Adventures in the Far Southwest (1853), an interesting early western novel. Also received were a respectable number of 19th Century children's books, adding to our strength in that ar ea. A number of interesting items were added to the Lib rary's general rare books collection. The oldest book added was an edition of Sachsische Chronica (1585?) by Cyriacus Spangenberg in an elaborately tooled bindi ng of blindstamped pigskin dated 1597. Our collection of classics was increased by a Baskerville edition of the comedies of Terence entitled Comediae o f Publii Terentii Afri. Published in 1772, this book is a very fine specimen of Baskerville printing. Also require d were largepaper editions of two of Andrew Lang's famous books of fairy tales, both han dsomely bound in full green morocco. The volumes acquired, The Red Fairy Book and The Blue Fairy Book , were published in London by Longmans in 1890 and 1889 re spectively. They were part of a special issue on large paper limited to 113 copies. A major addition to USF's holdings of literary manu script was the donation of J. B. Dobkin of his collection of original letters and ot her documents written by 19th Century American authors. Each document was accompanied by either a contemporary engraving or photograph of the writer. The collection, totall ing over thirty items, included letters or other holograph writings of such literary figures a s Timothy Shay Arthur, Eugene Field, Bayard Taylor, Ann Sophia Stephens (author of the f irst dime novel, Malaeska), Joaquin Miller, and William Dean Howells. The addition of M r. Dobkin's gift to USF's manuscript collection is a truly significant expans ion of our holdings of American literary manuscript. Among the first lot of items to arrive in the Libra ry from the Tony Pizzo Collection was a copy of the Sanborn Insurance Atlas for Tampa, covering the period 1915-1925. This is an invaluable tool for the study of Tampa h istory. The Sanborn atlas, a 106-page volume measuring twenty-five by twenty-three inches , illustrates Tampa's streets in great detail. Literally every structure and lot in the ci ty appears in outline, with notes as to use of the structure, construction details, and in the case of commercial structures, type of lighting and notes on watchmen and security arrange ments. Each page is color coded, by


type of structure. Browsing through the atlas' page s is like taking a tour of the city, down streets and through buildings in neighborhoods that have in many cases either vanished or been altered beyond recognition. The atlas also cov ers Port Tampa City and other areas adjacent to Tampa proper. Originally issued in 1915 , the atlas was kept up to date through 1925 with both supplementary pages and alte red slips pasted over older entries. Covering the decade 1915-1925, the atlas shows the mushrooming of Tampa in the postWorld War I era. Material from the Hampton Dunn Collection has also begun to arrive in the Library's Special Collections Department. The first segment w as a large (over five feet tall and two feet wide) metal cabinet containing several thousan d photographic negatives of Tampa in the 1940's and 50's. These views of Tampa were take n by the commercial photography firm of Robertson-Fresh, and are an invaluable sour ce of local history information. Each negative, most being eight by ten, is fully identif ied on its envelope as to the date, customer, and subject, information all too often mi ssing from old photographs. The collection is currently unavailable for use, as it will be necessary to organize and prepare finding aids for the negatives before they can be u sed. It is planned to have prints made of the more significant items when a source for the ne cessary funding is found. Also among the first items to arrive from the Dunn Collection were three volumes of original Alachua County court records. These import ant manuscript docket books cover the period from the 1840's to 1870's. They provide valuable insights on the economic and social conditions in Florida during this span of ye ars. Particularly interesting are the sections dealing with Reconstruction, replete with tax sales and foreclosures. We are very pleased to note that none of the fine b ooks, manuscripts and other materials mentioned above cost Florida's hard-press ed taxpayers a cent. The significant growth in the Library's research collections has be en the result of a combination of the generosity of individual donors and financial suppo rt generated by the Library Associates. From major benefactors like Hampton Dun n and Tony Pizzo to the many persons who have given the Library individual items , the degree of support for the Library from our community has been encouraging. Fu nds from the Associates allocated for acquisitions have enabled the Library to take a dvantage of opportunities to acquire important items at economical prices, most often we ll below market value. As the Associates continues to develop as an organization, it will become a continually increasing asset to the Library, an asset that has already begun to demonstrate its worth. At the beginning of the new year, we can properly c ongratulate ourselves on the important steps we have taken toward making the USF Library an institution worthy of the dynamic area it serves.


TREASURE HUNTING FOR FLORIDA HISTORY Floridiana is where you find it. Floridianaor Flo ridana, if you'd "druther"is to Florida what Americana is to the United States. And the dictionary tells us Americana is "a collect ion of things relating to American history, folklore, or geography." My vast collection of "things" revolve around Flori da history. In order to provide this unique accumulation, thirt y years or more in the gathering, a good permanent home, I recently designated the Univ ersity of South Florida the depository of "The Hampton Dunn Collection." It is my hope that this heap of "things" Floridiana will be useful to scholars, historians, and writers in keeping Florida history alive, in recounting it for future generations. It certainly has provided me a handy library in my own research and writing of our state's color ful past. The cluster of nostalgia was started from "scratch, " from zero. Well, I did have one fine book that I inherited from my late mother, a p ioneer Florida school teacher who came to rural Sumter County from her native Georgia around the turn of the century and during the Florida phosphate boom. I'm sure Mamma had few reference works to aid in he r teaching duties. But when she started back in Big Creek, Georgia, she bought on J une 30, 1897, from a traveling book salesman a valuable new volume, Dictionary of United States History. 1492-1897. Fou r Centuries o f History, by J. Franklin Jameson, Ph.D., published in Boston in 1897. It was written concisely and arranged alphabetically in di ctionary form. Of course, it's as good today as it was in 1897, as a reference. Much Florida history up to that point is included, of course. Wonder about Major Dade? Under "D" on page 181 is this: "Dade, Francis L., born in Virginia, a lieutenant, captain, and in 1828, a brevet-major in the U.S. Army, was killed in a treacherous attack of the Seminole Indians, in 1835, near Fort King, Florida." The "treacherous attack" actually occurred at Bushnell, the very county where my Mamma taught, although Dade was enroute to Fort King from Fort Brooke in Tampa when he and his company were ambushed. Well now, there was another book from my boyhood for starters. It was a copy of the Complete Works of William Shakespeare, given to me by my eighth grade teacher, the late Edwin B. Browning, in my home town of Floral City, in Citrus County. It was inscribed, "Boy, Read Shakespeare and Grow!" He did much to encourage me to read and study. I passed along the book to my eldest child, a daughter in Colorado, and I hope she passes it to her children with that same admonition. In my job with the Peninsula Motor Club (AAA), I am on the road a majority of time. Most of my travels are in all parts of Florida. In these jaunts, I have an opportunity to First edition of Harriet Beecher Stowe Â’s Palmetto Leaves.


shop antique stores, second hand book stores, Goodw ill and Salvation Army thrift stores, stamps and coin stores for postcards, and other int eresting shops. One day in Tallahassee, I paused at a Junior League thrift shop and there found a copy of a History o f the Democratic Party in Florida, Includ ing Biographical Sketches of Prominent Florida Democrats by William T. Cash, then Florida State Librarian, published in 1936 and long since out of print. It c ost me twenty cents cash! Too bad that book hasn't been updated. And how about a history o f the Republican Party in Florida? Driving through the small town of Hawthorne on U. S . 301, I stopped at a jam-packed antique place and acquired a first edition copy of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Palmetto Leaves, published in 1873. The noted author lived, you'll r emember, on the St. Johns River at Mandarin, and this book described Florida in those early days. The first edition set me back three dollars! I've tried to add each edition of Allen Morris' Florida Handbook to my collection as they come out. But there were some early copies I d id not have. One day in Ruskin, at the Goodwill store, I found his first edition, publishe d in 1947-48, and it completed my collection of the seventeen Morris books. It cost n inety-nine cents! During my fifty years of newspaper and magazine wri ting, radio and television broadcasting, and book publishing and historical le cturing, I have met many persons and made numerous friends with interest in Florida's pa st. And so many of these have been most kind and thoughtful and have added to my historical resources books, photographs, postcards, and other memorabilia. Recently, a lady in faraway England, whom I did not know, sent me a package containing the 698-page volume, The West Florida Controversy, 1798-1813, A Study in American Diplomacy, by Isaac Joslin Cox. It happened to be the "Author's Copy" and was given to this lady as a reward for being Cox's best student. I was chosen to find a good home for permanent safekeeping of this gem. Of course, I deposited it at USF. For years I sought the three-volume set of Pioneer Florida by D. B. McKay. It has been out of print and was truly "rare books." One day my wife, a teacher at Chamberlain High School at the time, brought home the two narrative volumes; a fel low teacher shared these with me, but she kept Volume III, which had the biographical ske tches in it. Months later, I received a letter from a lady in Detroit, whom I did not know. She had spotted a copy of Volume III of McKay in a second hand book store there. They we re asking ten dollars for it. Did I want it? Of course, I zipped off a check by return mail. A lady, former Tampan now living in Indianapolis, s topped by my office one day with several wonderful pictures of the Seminole San dwich Shop on Florida Avenue and said she wanted me to have them. The late Sara Keller Hobbs, member of a pioneer Tam pa family, gave me several historical photos showing her father Gordon Keller and other early leaders. A friend of many years, John Mitchell, had for year s possessed a fabulous panoramic Hampton Dunn with original Tampa Daily Times name-plate.


view of Tampa in 1914 taken by W. A. Fishbaugh, and he wanted me to preserve it. This was neatly framed and meaures 74 inches wide and 13 inches deep! When the Tampa Daily Times was sold to the Tampa Tribune in May, 1958, I was so sad at the closing, I did not grab any memorabilia of this great newspaper where I had worked for 22 years. A couple of years ago, I was o ut on Anna Maria Island and a friend there had come across one of the two bronze namepla tes, reading The Tampa Daily Times, that had hung at the entrance of the Times building for a half a century before the closing. I paid the fifty dollars my friend had pai d for it at an estate sale. It is my privilege to know many authors and histori ans. And I have a collection of autographed copies. In 1946, I was a roving reporter for the Tampa Daily Times and covered the invasionof-privacy-trial of Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings in the historic old red Alachua County Court House at Gainesville. The suit stemmed from h er popular book Cross Creek. I purchased a copy to follow the questioning of the w itnesss in the trial. Marjorie signed this copy, dating it and locating it at the Court H ouse. My coverage of the trial won the Associated Press contest for the best spot news sto ry in Florida that year. Former Governor LeRoy Collins sent me a copy of his splendid Forerunners Courageous stories of Frontier Florida. He graciously autograp hed it: "To Hampton Dunn, one of Florida's greatest believers and worke rs for a better future." A friend in Tampa gave me a bronze and pewter lovin g cup trophy awarded by the Tampa Auto and Golf Club in 1913 to the "Winner of George Washington Birthday Handicap," C. S. Bonnacker. A friend on Holmes Beach gave me a beautiful panora mic postcard showing the Tampa Bay Hotel and the waterfront of Tampa about 1 905. A friend in Gainesville turned up some old Territor ial Florida Court dockets in a house there and presented the find to me, my oldest documents. I have spent considerable cash for goodies. An 1845 map of Floridathe year the state was admitted to the Unionwas found in an antique shop at The Homestead in Hot Springs, Virginia. I belong to the Florida Historical Society and keep the Quarterly and have many years' supply. I also get the Orange County, and th e Polk County, and other local histories. I have a complete set of The Magnolia Monthly which was published by the late Elizabeth Smith in Wakulla County. My most profitable searches for old postcards are o n trips out of state. In Colorado I found scores of excellent old-time Florida postcard s at reasonable rates. Many persons have contributed to my large private c ollection of historical pictures. These supplement the large batches of photos I got from the Burgert Brothers, Robertson & Fresh, and other big groups. For more than twenty years now, I have been putting together vertical files. These are described in the appraiser's report on the collecti on thusly: "This part (vertical files) of the collection is ra ther awesome, first of all, from the point of view of sheer mass. The file consists of 3 2 large (12" x 10" x 20") cardboard cartons, or about 40 cubic feet of material. Each c arton contains approximately 20 legalsize envelopes, each of which is indexed according to subject, and stuffed with materialall kinds of materialsincluding: tens of thousand s of newspaper clippings, letters from a variety of sources (including several fellow author s, and all of Florida's Governors within


recent memory), documents, booklets, photographs, b rochures, notes, reports, etc... "More importantly, however, is this collection's us efulness as a reference source. Use of the file provides the researcher with instant re ferences for numerous Florida historyrelated topics. As such, the contents of this porti on of the library will prove to be of inestimable value to future generations of Florida hi story and scholars." Add to these several score of old special editions of newspapers and newspapers with historic front pages, such as the September 1, 1939 , issue of the Tampa Morning Tribune with a one-word headline, five inches high letters, announcing WAR. This I saved the day it was delivered to my bachelor apartment. Sometimes when I speak, my hosts remember my intere st in State history. A service club in Bradenton recently invited me to speak on F lorida history. When I was through, the program chairman presented me with a bit of loc al historya framed Report of Licenses issued by Manatee County for the month of January, 1892. I mentioned my fellow authors. One prize I have is a copy of Dave Newell's amusing book, If Nothin' Don't Happen. It's about people and life in my home county of Cit rus. Dave spent a while inscribing my copyespecially d rawing an excellent likeness of a wild turkey. Again, I say, Floridiana is where you find it. Happy hunting! by Hampton Dunn


LET US NOW PRAISE FAMOUS MEN by DR. GARY R. MORMINO University of South Florida THE INIMITABLE Irish commentator, Mr. Dooley, once scowled that he found history dreadfully boring. "Historians are only int erested in what nations died of; I want to know what they lived of." If Mr. Dooley still reads history, the news from Ta mpa gladdens his Celtic soul, because local historians have no excuse for not chr onicling the fortunes of Florida's cavaliers and Yankees, immigrants and natives, folk heroes and scoundrels. The acquisition of the Hampton Dunn and Tony Pizzo Coll ections beckons local, regional, and national scholars to chart the eddies and curre nts of Tampa Bay history. It was not always so. Scholars and lay persons seek ing the secrets of Tampa have heretofore encountered disappointment and heartache . Compared to other regions and cities, Tampa Bay suffered from a paucity of tradit ional sourcesdiaries, newspapers, and lettersand a climate more suitable for the Chambe r of Commerce than the preservation of documents. Regretfully, students who wish to rea d the back files of the Tampa Times discover the first fifteen years of the paper lost; similar laments can be made for scores of less prestigious Spanish-language dailies and company records. The Dunn and Pizzo Collections will provide an incalculable and indispensable guide to Tampa Bay's past. Their indefatigable pursuit of yesterday's trash has yielded a mother lode of memorabilia: photographs by the thousands, diaries trembling of yellow fever scourges, and letters expressing the ebullience of migrants and soldiers sparkle in the prosaic files. This storehouse of information (pity the USF archivists whose job will be to file tons of documents) will enable historians to paint a richer portrait of Tampa's elites, but also capture the so-called under-class previously neglec ted in urban biographies, immigrants, blacks, and women. Sources such as city directories provide touchstones to Old Hyde Park, Tampa Heights, Six Mile Creek, and West Tampa , enabling historians to trace the movement of individuals over time as well as the ch anging composition of neighborhoods. To be sure, Dunn and Pizzo deserve t he accolades of their citizenry, but the real heroes and heroines will be the workers an d makers of Tampa's past, to be unearthed in documents as they once excavated a new city. If each generation must re-write its own history, T ampans will indeed be enriched as 21st Century scholars debate the cutting edge of ou r past: the Spanish adventures or misadventures in Florida; the balmy days of Fort Br ooke or the depredations against the Seminoles; the glory that was Ybor City or the gran deur of the new Tampa. The new Tampa rushes to the millennium. In the mili eu of the rechristened downtown, of Hyatt Regencies, of fifty-million doll ar art centers and branch banks, of glass-paneled elevators and stainless steel corrido rs, let us pause and ponder what the old Tony Pizzo and Hampton Dunn.


Tampa was. In the midst of future progress, let us thank the men and women, who built the factories, who dug the ditches, who made Tampa what it is today.


ASSOCIATES EVENTS AND ACTIVITIES Tony Pizzo Dinner Program ON THE evening of Saturday, October 23, 1982, the A ssociates hosted a dinner program at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in downtown Tamp a. The occasion honored Ybor City historian Anthony P. Pizzo, and commemorated t he presentation of his unique Tampa history collection to the USF Library. The di nner was very well attended. Over two hundred gathered in Tony's honor for prime rib, wine, and good fellowship. The evening began with a reception at the Hyatt at 6:30 p.m., followed by a pleasant dinner in the Hyatt's handsome ballroom. Associates' President William Zewadski began the evening's program, welcoming the assembly and introduc-ing USF President John Lott Brown. President Brown formally received the Pizzo Collection on behalf of the University, and commented on its value to the Library and to historical research. President Brown was followed by noted Florida historian Hampton Dunn, whose own large collection of Floridiana has been placed at USF. Mr. Dunn, after a talk in which he acclaimed the collecting accomplishments and generosity of the guest of honor, introduced Tony Pizzo. Called to the podium, Mr. Pizzo spoke a few words about how h e came to realize the importance of Ybor City's unique cultural heritage, and why he be gan preserving the valuable historical resources constituting the Pizzo Collection. After Mr. Pizzo's remarks, Dr. Gary Mormino of the USF History Department presented a h ighly entertaining talk on Ybor City's past and Tampa's immigrant background. Dr. M ormino's address was the first of the Tony Pizzo Lectures on Tampa History, a series planned as an annual Associates activity. Dr. Mormino's presentation concluded what was certa inly the most impressive Library Associates event to date. The evening was a most memorable one for all who were able to attend. Fourth Annual Library Associates Book Sale The annual Associates book sale was held on Novembe r 7-9 in the University Center ballroom on the USF Tampa campus. In terms of numbe rs of books sold, this was the largest sale yet, with an estimated ten thousand bo oks on hand. Books on almost every subject were available, both in hardcover and paper back. The vast majority of the items were priced at twenty-five cents for paperbacks and fifty cents for hard covers. When one considers that stores in the Bay area selling used paperbacks are charging a dollar or more per book, these prices made the sale books abo ut the best bargain in town. These bargain prices reflect the traditional Associates p olicy of making good books available to Bay area readers at prices anyone can afford, while still generating needed revenue for our organization. Associates President William Zewadski opening the program at the Pizzo Dinner.


The sale began at 7:30 p.m. on Sunday, November 7 w ith the traditional preview session open to members of the Library Associates o nly. Receiving first opportunity to purchase some of the thousands of bargain books is one of the major benefits of Associates membership. There were still many thousa nds of good books on hand when the public portion of the sale opened on Monday at 9:00 a.m. The sale room remained open until 10:00 p.m. Monday evening, and re-opened from 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on Tuesday. Additional personnel to run the sale was provided t his year by the USF Library Committee on Professional Concerns, using volunteer s from the Library's professional staff. The Committee received a share of the profit s realized from the sale, which will go towards supporting its activities. Thanks are due t o those of the Library staff who, through COPC, donated their time to price, move, an d sell the mountain of books. Particular thanks should go to John Keeth, USF Acqu isitions Librarian, and Librarians Robert Bradley and Donna Reece for the major parts they played in making the sale a success. A debt of gratitude is also owed to Librar y staff member Walter Rowe for generously making available his truck (and labor), and to Librarian James Vastine for the use of his van. Of course, the greatest debt of all is owed to the many friends of our Library who provided the key ingredient for the sale ... books. Since the annual sale is the major source for Associates' operating funds, donations o f unwanted books for the sale are a wonderful and relatively painless way to help the o rganization while getting books that would otherwise remain unread into the hands of tho se who will use them. This year the most notable single gift of materials for the sale came from Mr. Tom Brasser of Brasser's Books in Seminole. His gift of over a thousand book s provided a significant score for the accumulation of sale books. Another major donation came from our longtime friend Lucy O'Brien of Red Horse Antiques at Ybor Square. We have already begun accumulating books for this year's sale, and would very much appreciate hearing from anyone with unwanted books to donate. Anyone wishing to find new homes for old volumes should ca ll Mr. J. B. Dobkin or Mr. Paul Camp at 974-2731 in Tampa. All such donations are, of course, tax deductible. History of Books and Printing Course During the Spring Semester Mr. Dobkin is again teac hing his popular course on the development of books and libraries from the beginni ng of writing to modern times. The course is offered under the auspices of the USF Dep artment of Library, Media and Information Science as LIS 6110. Members of the Lib rary Associates may attend the course on a non-credit basis free of charge. The co urse is offered annually, so if you have USF President John Lott Brown, Dr. Gary Mormino, To ny Pizzo, and Hampton Dunn at the Associates Â’ dinner program.


missed it this time, plan to catch it next year. Mr. Dobkin's class provides an excellent opportunit y to learn more about the lore of books. A special feature of the course, which is he ld in the Special Collections Department on the fourth floor of the USF Tampa Lib rary, is the use of actual specimens of early books to illustrate the lessons. When lear ning about, for instance, Babylonian cuneiform writing, it is very interesting to be abl e to see firsthand an actual specimen written over four thousand years ago. In addition t o units on the historical development of books, printing, and libraries, the course also exa mines book binding and decoration, book collecting, the book trade, and how to identif y and determine monetary values for rare books.


UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA LIBRARY ASSOCIATES Any person who wishes to help in furthering the goa ls of the USF Library Associates is eligible to become a member. Regular, sustaining, p atron, corporate, and student memberships are available on an annual basis. (Sept ember 1 to August 31). Student memberships are open only to regularly enrolled stu dents of the University of South Florida, and are valid only so long as the member r emains a regular USF student. Life memberships are also available to interested person s. Membership in the Associates includes a subscriptio n to Ex Libris, a journal of articles and news about Associates activities, libr ary developments, and other topics likely to be of interest to Bay area bibliophiles. The member is also entitled to attend all Associates functions and, in addition, is eligible for book loan privileges at the University Library, subject to prevailing library regulations. So, if you are interested in helping us to obtain a better library for the University and its community, and want to participate in the many services and activities offered to members by the Library Associates, please use the m embership blank below and become one of us today.


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