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COPYRIGHT NOTICE This Oral History is copyrighted by the University of South Florida Libraries Oral History Program on behalf of the Board of Trustees of the University of South Florida. Copyright, 200 8 University of South Florida. All rights, reserved. T his oral history may be used for research, instruction, and private study under the provisions of the Fair Use. Fair Use is a provision of the United States Copyright Law (United States Code, Title 17, section 107), which allows limited use of copyrighted materials under certain conditions. Fair Use limits the amount of material that may be used. For all other permissions and requests, contact the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA LIBRARIES ORAL HISTORY PROGRAM at the University of South Florida, 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, LIB 122, Tampa, FL 33620.
1 USF Florida Studies Center Oral History Program USF 50 th History Anniversary Project Narrator: Dr. Charles W. Arnade Interviewer: Andrew Huse Current Position: Distinguished Professor Location of Interview: Tampa of International Studies at USF Campus Library Date of Interview: March 25, 2004 Abstractor: Jared G. Toney Editor: Mary E. Yeary Date of Abstract: June 16, 2004 Edit Completed: June 17, 2004 Final Editor: Jared G. Toney TOPICS OF DISCUSSION Dr. Arnade c ame to USF in 1960 as an Associate Professor. Professional background USF interviewed Dr. Arnade for a position in 1959. USF hired him in 1960. He did not begin teaching his first course at the University until 1961 because of a brief leave of absence He had actually been teaching in the Florida university system as an instructor since 1953. In 1957 1958 he was an assistant professor at the University of Florida when President John Allen invited him to South Florida as an associate professor. Arri val at USF "There was a lot of red tape," Dr. Arnade recalls, when he first arrived at USF. "I was supposed to be teaching Latin American history that was my field." While budgetary concerns were delaying his assimilation into the University, he accept ed an offer to do social science research for a short time back at the University of Florida. When he informed Russell Cooper, Dean of Arts and Sciences, of his new assignment, Cooper responded, "That's great, because we don't have a course for you to tea ch so you'll be the first one to have a leave of absence!" So immediately following the opening of the new university in downtown Tampa, Dr. Arnade was off to Gainesville for a year of research work.
2 History program at USF When he returned to South Flo rida in 1961, they did not yet have a formal history department, and had only three professors teaching history courses. In fact, the office where the program was housed in the early 1960s now functions as a storage room at the University. Dr. Arnade est imates that it was "probably" 1963 or 1964 when history became a separate department of its own at USF. Civil rights issues Being a new university in the 1960's, USF was one of the first to be integrated, Arnade recalls. Though the administration largel y failed to acknowledge it, there were instances of discrimination on campus. "We had a couple of what they called colored' students they had difficulty being served they were told indirectly, Take your classes, [and] after class get off the campu s.' I think they got the message." He was much more directly involved in civil rights issues in Pasco County because he lived there. "Why waste my energy over here when a lot of people didn't have [anybody] over there." As a result of their actions, he and his wife received an award from the NAACP. Thus, Arnade did not participate in many of the sit ins and demonstrations on the USF campus. He did, however, participate in a demonstration on behalf of African American students who had been expelled from the Soviet Union for challenging racial policies there. Because it was one of the few integrated schools in the South, the U.S. federal government chose USF to host one of the displaced students. Since the government provided the student with a scholarshi p, they required that he live on campus in a dormitory, a controversial prospect even for an "integrated" university. "We took the initiative and said this is a great opportunity This would make world news Allen got cold feet and said no and I think The Tampa Tribune did not support us Here was our golden opportunity and we lost it. I was very upset with President Allen It was too bad." In light of recent events at USF, Arnade remarks that, "President [Judy] Genshaft used the same argument in t he Al Arian case," insisting foremost on the protection of the students. "President Allen didn't want to rock the boat he was very afraid that there would be riots I am absolutely sure that down in his heart, he was not a segregationist." Vietnam W ar "I never was involved in the anti Vietnam [movement], but they had the right to do it." President Allen's attitude toward the war and campus activism, Arnade recalls, was very similar to his stance on civil rights issues, preferring to avoid unrest a nd unnecessary confrontations. "Allen was wonderful for the decade of the 50s, but he could not adjust to the decade of the 60s He was not made for that." Allen's departure Though the official histories tell of President Allen's resignation from USF, Arnade remembers the exertion of pressure from government officials in Tallahassee that prompted his departure. "He just didn't fit into the age anymore It was a polite thing."
3 University Senate During the 1960s, Arnade was involved in the University Senate, of which Allen was the president. "I was a thorn in Allen's [side] although after he retired, he was very, very nice to me." The faculty in the Senate, Arnade recalls, had two primary objections. The first was that the president of the univer sity should not preside over senate meetings. The second issue was the assertion that it should be an exclusive senate composed only of faculty members. "We had what I call a revolution. We voted President Allen out." It was later under President Cecil Mackey that the Faculty Senate was officially created. Mackey also eliminated the College of Basic Studies. Academic positions at USF While Dr. Arnade first began working in the history department, he later moved to the American Idea program, where he b ecame a full professor and later chairman until the abolishment of the college. He then went on to interdisciplinary social sciences, where he served in a joint appointment with the history department. Finally, he transferred to the department of interna tional studies. American Idea program The American Idea program, Arnade remembers, was required by all students, and was basically a synthesized study of history, government, and international affairs. Arnade denies that the program had anything to do w ith the espousal of American democratic institutions, but rather was very critical of them. "I hired three African Americans [and] we had a woman for the first time." Robert Stevenson Robert Stevenson, Dr. Arnade recalls, "was a very arrogant guy ver y brilliant he was a very difficult faculty member." He renounced his American citizenship as a result of policies of the U.S. government in Southeast Asia. Stevenson, a veteran of World War II, moved to Iran after being fired from his position at USF. He lived in Iran for some years before returning to the U.S. when he was diagnosed with cancer. "Three days later I went to visit him. He was in bad shape. That was around 1:00. At 6:00 he died." "You know why I survived? I survived because I knew how far I could go. I had a very good nose." Cecil Mackey Arnade recalls that, "The faculty hated Mackey but I stood up to [him] He began to have respect [for] me." He remembers one occasion when Arnade hosted a meeting at his house, and Mackey to ld the assembled group that, "I respect professors who have the courage to stand up for their convictions," later telling Arnade that he was "surrounded by ass kissers. That was Mackey." Arnade asserts that Mackey changed USF from "basically a Tampa Bay university" to a state university by emphasizing research. "His three or four years are very important. He changed the whole nature of the University." "With the exception of Mackey," Arnade asserts, "we never really had a great president."
4 John Lott Bro wn "He didn't talk to me for two years," Arnade recalls. "He had a terrible thin skin He was an average president took easy offense I think they treated him very badly after he left I was very upset, because he served for a long time I don't kno w why. This has always been a very cold university. This is not a warm place. After you leave, forty eight hours later you're forgotten." Eventually, Arnade became a very good friend of Lott's wife, who was later active in anti nuclear war demonstration s. Francis Borkowski "I got to know him. I think he was better than people made him to be. He was not very happy here." Arnade recalls that he and Borkowski clashed over the prospects of a football program at the University. Betty Castor "Betty Cas tor and I were friends. I know [her] from a long time ago. [We] got along very well I knew her when she was a teacher here Why she suddenly left that's a mystery too I haven't seen her since then." In part, Arnade believes it had much to do with politics, because while Castor was highly involved in the Democratic Party, the state government was overwhelmingly Republican. He told her, "I think you are making [the] right choice in getting out." Interim presidents Arnade favorably recalls most of the interim presidents at USF over the years. Following John Allen came Harris Dean (1970 1971). "I don't know why they didn't make him president," says Arnade. When William Reece Smith served for a year after Cecil Mackey's departure (1976 1977), Arna de remembers that he had wanted him to become the permanent president at the University. Instead, John Lott Brown was hired to fill the position. He also became "very good friends" with interim president Carl Riggs (1977 1978), though "he would not have made a good president." Following Francis Borkowski came Robert Bryan (1993 1994). "I'm much indebted to him. He approved my distinguished professorship I knew him from Gainesville He was very good." Early visions for the University "When we starte d this university, the idea was that there would be three items which will never happen at the University of South Florida: We only will have intramural sports We will never have sororities and fraternities We will never have military presence on the c ampus, and never ROTC that's out." Arnade then added, "And I'm still against football," which he believes compromised academics at the University. He remembers presenting a case against the proposed football program at USF during a public hearing on th e issue. Phi Beta Kappa Arnade admits that the struggle to get Phi Beta Kappa recognition has been his "greatest failure" at USF. End of Interview
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Arnade, Charles W.
h [electronic resource] /
interviewed by Andrew Huse.
Tampa, Fla. :
University of South Florida Tampa Library,
1 sound file (81 min.) :
digital, MPEG4 file +
e 1 expanded summary (digital, PDF file)
USF 50th (2006) anniversary oral history project
Interview conducted March 25, 2004.
Charles Arnade discusses his early arrival at USF as a history professor and the struggles to initiate a formal History program in the early 60s. He also discusses his connection with civil rights issues on campus and his relationships with past University presidents.
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Arnade, Charles W.
University of South Florida.
University of South Florida.
Dept. of History.
Huse, Andrew T.
University of South Florida Libraries.
Florida Studies Center.
Oral History Program.
University of South Florida.
y CLICK HERE TO ACCESS DIGITAL AUDIO AND EXPANDED SUMMARY