SFRA Review

SFRA Review

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SFRA Review
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Science Fiction Research Association review
Science Fiction Research Association
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Eugene, Ore
Science Fiction Research Association
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Science fiction -- History and criticism -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Fantasy fiction -- History and criticism -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Science fiction -- Book reviews -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
Fantasy fiction -- Book reviews -- Periodicals ( lcsh )
non-fiction ( marcgt )
serial ( sobekcm )


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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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S67-00002-n237-1998-12 ( USFLDC DOI )
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Co-Editors: Nonfiction Review Editor: Karen Hellekson & Craig Jacobsen Neil Barron Joan Gordon This is my swan song, my last president's message, and now I understand why Joe Sanders was so happy to relinquish the reins. We've had a number of up sets in the last two years, most having to do with the Rrview, one with the annual conference. I think I'm passing the reins over to president-elect Alan Elms with those problems untangled; I wish him a smooth ride. We have had a triumph, though, no thanks to me. Peter Fitting, Tom Moylan, and others have put SF in the MLA by organizing the Discussion Group on Science Fiction and Utopian and Fantastic Literature. With plenty of suppon from SFRA, this discussion group can grow into a real force, maybe even a division one day, cenainly something having its own cash bar and dinner. Why should we suppon the MLA discussion group? Because it is a wonderful source for new young scholars and a wonderful showcase for our work. There are other reasons as well, of course, such as demonstrating the legitimacy of our studies, something which seems necessary in some places even now. And how shall we suppon the discussion group? If you are going to MLA this year in San Francisco, make sure to attend our session: On Science Fiction and Utopia: A Conversation with Kim Stanley Robinson. That is session 213, meeting from 10:15 to 11:30 on Monday, December 28, in Franciscan Room D, San Francisco Hilton. Whether you go or not, look for announcements for the topic of next year's session and consider submitting a paper. And offer me input on the topics you'd like to see covered because I'll be chair of the group for the coming year. I don't think that position will be quite so powerful as this one. It has been a pleasure serving with an incredibly helpful, efficient, pleas ant, and clever board these last two years. And I've enjoyed queening it over our annual conferences, too. But I'm really looking forward now to being past presi dent. Move over, Joe! See you in San Francisco. See you in Mobile. The SFRAReview (ISSN I068-395X) is published six times a year by the Sdence Fiction Research Assodation (SFRA) and distributed to SFRA members. Individual issues are not for sale. For information about the SFRA and its benefits. see the description at the back of this issue. CONTENTS President's Message 1 Swan Song Joan Gordon Editorial 2 Changes at the Review Karen Hellekson, Craig Jacobsen & Neil Barron Announcement 2 Annual Conference Tom Brennan & Andy Duncan Essay 3 Pulps and Painters Neil Barron Non-Fiction Review 6 Pulp Encyclopedia Neil Barron Non-Fiction Review 8 Guide to the Gothic Neil Barron Fiction Review 9 Harlan Renaissance Darren Harris-Fain SUBMISSIONS The SFRAReview editors encourage sub missions. Please send submissions to both editors. If you would like to be put on the list of nonfiction reviewers. please contact Neil Barron directly. The general editorial address for the SFRAReview is . Karen He"ekson. Coeditor 742 N 5th Street Lawrence, KS 66044 Craig Jacobsen. Coeditor 208 E Baseline Road #311 Tempe. AZ 85283 Neil Barron. Nonfiction Reviews Editor 1149 lime Place Vista. CA 92083-7428 ]


IN MEMORIAM: LYNN WILLIAMS Lynn Williams, esteemed colleague, scholar, and friend, has died. She had a severe heart attack while attending the Utopian Studies conference in Montreal in mid-Oaober. She spent several days in a coma on a respirator, but no brain wave activity could be deteaed. She was removed from the respirator and died on October 23. In accordance with her wishes, her body was cremated. A memorial service was held in Belmont, Massachusetts, in November. The SFRA sent a memorial to her family. -Mike Levy I I -DIRECTORY SNAFU Observant members of the organization may have noticed that this year's Direaory seems unusually thick. This is because when sending in copy for the Direaory, I accidentally used the entiie SFRA database, which includes about a hundred former members, as well as the current membership of approximately three hundred. Current members' ad should all be accurate except for a few last-minute changes. Addresses for former members, however, may be inaccurate, as they have not been updated in a number of years. Anyone needing a more accurate listing of the SFRA membership is welcome to request one from me. -Michael Levy I I NEW OFFICERS FOR 1999-2000 Lynn Williams was eleaed president of the SFRA; but as she died before she could take office, Robert's Rules of Order, our own bylaws (Article III, Section 2(c); the bylaws are listed in the annual membership direaory), and the American Inon 3) ( E C> I ,OR I A L ... __ U1f;1aWli'UijiHiii:'_ Karen Hellekson, Craig Jacobsen, and Neil Barron The SFRAReview has undergone editorship expansion! After coeditor Geoffrey Sperl stepped down several months ago, several stalwart souls were persuaded to contribute time to the Review. This issue welcomes two SFRA members to editorial roles. We call ourselves the Fabulous Triumvirate: newbie Craig Jacobsen and returnee Neil Barron join holdover Karen Hellekson. Craig will be determining editorial policy with Karen in addition to his designing, laying out, and printing, binding, and mailing responsibilities. And Neil returns to the SFRAReview in the same capacity he held in the early '90s: reviews editor. Karen will continue to gather and copyedit the material and will work with Craig to determine the overall direction of the SFRAReview. And all three will somehow solicit the long Review Essay featured in each SFRAReview. This issue is the first that Craig has designed and mailed. By spreading the work among three people, the SFRAReview editorial staff hopes to avoid overwork and burnout-and we hope this will lead to a long, happy, and timely run of what is supposed to be a bimonthly publication. As this is being written, in late November, issues 234 and 235 have not arrived in our mail boxes yet, though copy was delivered for the former in August and for the latter in October. Because of this delay, no index will appear in this issue, but should in stead appear in next year's first issue. We are prioritizing timeliness for the year 1999; then we will work on upping member submissions. The Triumvirate will be working on a game plan. Future issues of the SFRAReview will update members on any new editorial policy. You'll notice that the Review's layout has changed. We have moved most of the news items to the new sidebar column, leaving the central column for articles and reviews. The changes are designed to be more than cosmetic, and should help make the Review more readable. As always, the SFRAReview staff welcomes contributions and input from members. Send nonfiction review queries to Neil. Send everything else to both Karen and Craig. We can be reached at our personal e-mail accounts, always listed in these pages, or at our new editorial e-mail address.. ANN 0 U N c: E MEN ... _Ma:w"*tijji!j:H_ Tom Brennan and Andy Duncan SFRA 1999: Southern Accents in Science Fiction The flyer has officially gone out! SFRA 1999 will be held June 1999, at the Radisson Admiral Semmes Hotel, Mobile, Alabama. The topic is Southern SF. Michael Bishop is the author guest of honor, and Lisa Snellings is the artist guest of honor. Gregory Benford is the special guest writer, and I. F. Clarke is the special guest speaker. Papers on the guests of honors' work and on Southern SF are particularly encouraged; other SF topics, however, will not be excluded. Hotel reservations can be made by calling 800/333-3333; ask for the SFRA 1999 flat rate for a double, which is $79. Registration before March 30, 1999, is $75, which includes an awards banquet and evening activities. To register, send a check or money order to SFRA 1999 Mobile, Tom Brennan, Department of English, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL Send panel or paper proposals to Andy Duncan, Box 870244, Department of English, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, 35487. Email: .


E S SAY 'Jil!dsj:'.lq.j':\ljit_ Neil Barron Robert Lesser. Pulp Art: Original Cover Paintings for Amrncan Pulp New York: Gramercy Books/Random House Value Publishing, 1997. viii + 182 p., $19.99, ISBN 0-517-20058-9. Frank M. Robinson and Lawrence Davidson. Pulp Art of Fiction Collectors Press, Box 230986, Portland, OR 97281, 1998. 204 p., $39.95, ISBN 1-888054-12-3,800/423-1848. Vincent Di Fate. Infinite Worlds: Fantastic Visions ofScimu Fiction Art. New York: Penguin Studio, 1997.320 p., $45, ISBN 0-670-87252-0. What do I ask of a painting? I ask it to astonish, disturb, seduce, convince. -Lucian Freud [quoted by Lesser] Tom Disch argued in his recent The Dreams Our Stuff Is Made Of that SF's "basic repertory of images ... are standard items in the fantasy life of any pre schooler. As for the twelve-year-oids of our own era, nothing science-fictional is alien to them." When you think back to your early exposure to SF or fantasy, what images come to mind? I don't mean the images created by the words, important as these are, but those accompanying the words, the book jackets, the pulp magazine covers and interior illustrations, paperback covers and movie posters. Simultane ously colorful, tawdry, violent, ridiculous, and enticing, the images arouse our in terest; for the more genteel (or the ignorant), they provoke scorn instead, with pulp a synonym for trash. Bill Blackbeard, the owner/curator of the San Francisco Academy of Comic An, noted the dichotomy in his chapter "Pulps and Dime Novels" in Inge's Handbook of Amrncan Popular Literature (1988), insightfully arguing: It should be kept in mind, however, that the widespread belief that pulp paper magazines printed popular fiction for vast masses of readers, while slick paper magazines published quality material for more tasteful, elite readers, is simply wrong. The reverse, in fact, was true ... While the nickel slicks were bought by literally everybody-the millions who stare at television today bought the slicks then to marvel at the full-color story illustrations and the endless pages of color ads, without really reading much of the text-the pulps were bought by a small elite of fiction devo tees who really read what they bought, and wanted much more of the de tective stories, air war stories, Westerns, or fantasies that the general fic tion slicks bought them only in small quantities in any given issue. Thus pulp fiction was in fact the choice of the bulk of the real reading public of its time, just as today the best genre fiction in paperback is loyally supported by the tiny minority of people who still love to read in a nation inundated by cable television, VCRs, and such mindless mass circulation magazines as People Today and the contemporary Esquire. The pulps were truly elite fiction, seen as trash only by the "proper" citizenry who read lirtle of anything. (Unfortunately, the great majoriry of the peo ple who determined public library subscription policy at the time were made up of precisely these "proper" types, which is why every library from here to Hoboken still has shelf afrer shelf laden with unread, dusty vol umes of the Saturday Evening Post and similar genteel, "decent" large-cir-(Continued on page 4) ., (Continrud from 2) stitute of Parlimentarians were consulted. These sources indicate that the person who becomes president in these drcumstances is the winning vice presidential candidate. Alan Elms is thereby the new president-e/ect of SFRA. He has agreed to this role. The vice president post is there fore vacant; the new Baard will appoint a vice preSident when the newly elected officers take office in 1999. Carolyn Wendell returns as SFRA secretary, and Mike Levy returns as treasurer. Joan Gordon replaces me as immediate past preSident -Joe Sanders I I -NEW ADDRFSSES Geoffrey Sperl has moved to 15081 Greenview, Detroit, MI 48223; his new phone number is 313/837-5868. His email address is now . Fiona Kelleghan is pleased to have moved into a house. Her new address is 7720 SW 62 Avenue, South Miami, FL 33143. WYNDHAM EXHIBmON IN LIVERPOOL The Return of the Triffids, a display from the John Wyndham archive, will be available for viewing from January 15 to February 26, 1999, at the University of Liverpool's Spedal Collections and Archives Department of the Sydney Jones Library. John Wyndham, whose real name was John Wyndham Parkes Lucas Beynon Harris, is the author of SF classics The Day of the Triffids and The Midwich Cuckoos. The exhibition marks the thirtieth anniversary of his death. The exhibition will include important bio(Continrud on 4) )


(ContinUl:d from page 3) graphical information relating to Wyndham; and it will shed light on the development of an author and his work.. A display of supporting material from the Sci ence Fiction Foundation Collection will appear alongside the estate collection of manuscripts and papers. -Andy Sawyer I I BAY AREA WORKING GROUP BEGUN SFRA members in the Bay Area (California) may be interested to learn that the Doreen B. Townsend Center for the Humanities at the University of Cali fornia-Berkeley is now supporting a Sci ence Fiction and Contemporary T echno/ogy Working Group. E.-mail Despina Kakoudaki at for more information or to add your name to their e-mail list I I -MA IN GENRE STUDIES AT MIDDLESEX UNIVERSITY I have recently started a new job at Middlesex University in London and have been asked (to my delight) to contribute an SF module to the new MA in genre studies to start next year. If you would like to receive publicity materials to pass on to your students, please contoct me at and I will add your name to the mailing list -Farah Mendlesohn I I -CONFERENCE NOTES AVAIlABLE The Babylon 5 conference proceedings. entitled The Parliament of Dreams: Conferring on Babylon 5, is available from E.dward James, Department of History, Faculty of Letters, University of (Continut:d on page 5) ( (Continued from page 3) culation magazines, while possessing not a single copy of the really excit ing and pioneering pulp fiction magazines of the same period.) Lesser Lesser's survey is especially valuable because the reproductions are in al most all cases of the original cover paintings, not of the often washed-out or worn magazine covers. The book's cover, taken ftom Private Detective Stories, January 1945, is a good example of a "two-fisted" action painting. The audience for the pulps (excluding the lovelromance pulps) was predominantly male, whom critics might judge emotionally if not chronologically adolescent in outlook, and the cov ers and interiors clearly reflected this, along with all the prejudices of the period, such as "yellow peril" villains and the generally subordinate/victim role of women. Lesser, a collector and pop culture expert, supplements his vigorous and informed text with sidebars by eighteen enthusiasts, fan/collectors such as Sam Moskowitz and Forrest Ackerman, as well as children of some of the artists. Coverage is provided of the major pulp genres: SF/fantasy, heroes/private eyes, Tarzan and his imitators, "ladies in terror" (the "spicy" and "saucy" pulps of the '30s, including Brundage in Weird Tales), and air aces/warlWestern figures. Appendixes include a sampling ofletters to the editor, 1929-1946, brief notes on collecting pulps, and artist biographies. A good bibliography and index conclude the survey. The quality of the reproductions is consistently high, and the price makes it a bargain. Although pulps began in the 1890s, the core period was a relatively short period, roughly 1920-1940. World War II paper shortages, comics, paperback books, television and a changed magazine distribution system contributed to their demise. Lesser estimates about 50,000 pulp magazine issues were sold, with maybe 5 percent of the original cover art still surviving. Jim Steranko's sidebar estimates about 60,000 issues, 1,200 titles, with "slightly more than 1 %" of the original paintings still existing, some in galleries and museums. The best known/most pres tigious museums, such as the Museum of Modern Art or the Whitney, to say nothing of the Met, aren't likely to give them wall space, but a few of the regional museums, such as that at Bowling Green State University (which also has a Popular Culture library), have proved more receptive. Syracuse University has the archives of Street and Smith. Robinson and Davidson Frank Robinson may be best known for his 1956 thriller The Power and has one of the country's largest collections of pulps in his San Francisco home. Da vidson has interviewed hundreds of authors for his program on the original Pacifica station, KPFA, in Berkeley. Their photos are amusingly superimposed on the cov ers of two actual pulps reproduced on the inside back cover flap. Probably the most remarkable thing about this survey is the near-new quality of the reproduced magazine covers, which I find amazing, astounding, and astonishing, if not weird. When I speculated in a letter to Di Fate that the photos might have been retouched, he dismissed the idea, saying cost alone would be pro hibitive. The publisher confirmed that most of Robinson's issues are in mint condi tion. Like Lesser, the chapters are arranged by type of magazine, although there are ten chapters and many more reproductions (some duplicate those in Lesser), each carefully identified, with a brief caption. In the caption for the June 1, 1923, issue of the fabled Black Mask, it's stated that the magazine was "subtly supportive" of the Klan. The magazine was 'started by H. L. Mencken and George Jean Nathan, coeditors of The Smart Set, a sophisticated but money-losing magazine. The Black Mask was immediately success-(Continued on page 5)


(Continued trom page 4) ful, but rather than soil their hands, they sold it at a profit. It later became some what of a legend under the editorship ofJoseph T. ("Cap") Shaw. If you've never seen a copy of the first issue (March 1923) of Weird Tales, it's on page 25, depict ing a "tale of a thousand thrills" titled "Ooze," by Anthony Rud, which, to my amazement, has been reprinted five times since, most recently 1987 (the stories live on, even if the illustrations don't). Robinson/Davidson conclude with a list of deal ers, a brief mention oflibraries and Bill Blackbeard's huge collection, a shon bibli ography, and some general remarks on the market value of pulps. There's no index, which there should be, given the book's price, but the lack isn't a serious one. Usefully supplementing these two books is Lee Server's Danger Is My Business: An Illustrated History of the Fabulous Pulp Magazines (Chronicle Books, 1993, still in print in trade paperback). In spite of the title, all genres are covered, and there is an excellent balance between informed text and illustrations, which include photos of authors and illustrators, black-and-white interiors, and some wonderful period ads. Harlan Ellison began his writing career as the pulps were dying and mov ingly recounts his early years in "Loving Reminiscences of the Dying Gasp of the Pulp Era" on a 1979 cassette (available from the Harlan Ellison Recording Collec tion, Box 55548, Sherman Oaks, CA 91413-0548). OP is Cheap Stories, a cassette with an amusing selection of "the best parts from the worst books," "adult" paper backs from the 1950s and 1960s with titles such as Streets of Sin, Commie Sex Trap, and in Blue Jeans, read with panting conviction, ofren with an over-the-top tenor sax accompaniment. Di Fate No general history of SF illustration had been written by a professional artist until Di Fate's outstanding survey, published in the long-running Studio line of an books heretofore devoted to traditional artists. Di Fate grew up during the Cold War and the Space Age, and his own illustrations reflect this experience. He's won a Hugo and been nominated ten times for the World Fantasy best professional artist award. The initial founh of the book is devoted to an excellent shon history of SF illustration, from Grandville and Robida in the nineteenth century to today's illustrators. Di Fate usefully places the illustrators in both a commercial and historical context. This survey is greatly expanded in twoto four-page individual profiles of about 100 anist/illustrators, many of them, from Paul Alexander to Stephen Youll, including almost all the well-known American illustrators but slighting those from England and omitting those from the continent (the Spectrum annuals suffer from the same parochialism). Di Fate's professional knowledge is effectively used to explain the distinc tive techniques and features of each artist. Although his own work favors a hard ware emphasis (he has done work for NASA and large corporations), he is equally sympathetic to the work of the pioneering Richard Powers (1921-1996), whose nonrepresentational work made it much easier for other illustrators to loosen the narrow restraints imposed by an directors. He cites the cover for Childhood's End, "which created a sensation, but also helped greatly to increase sales of the book." Alas, this cover isn't reproduced (it's probably most readily found, but only in en larged detail, in Clute's Science Fiction: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. pp. 210-11). Some of the illustrators profiled are popular in fantasy as well, such as Frazetta, Rowena, Punchatz, and Potter. With close to 700 (mostly) color reproductions, supplemented by a bal anced and knowledgeable text {ignoring the philistine and embarrassing introduc tion by Bradbury}, this is by far the most comprehensive history of SF illustration yet published (a companion work devoted to fantasy has been mentioned). I (Continued on page 6) (Continut:d from pagt 4) Reading. Whiteknights, Reading. RG6 6AA, UK [The information I have says that the book is $15, but as the address is in the UK, I wonder if it should be pounds. I suggest inquiring to Professor : James regarding the cost and currency requirements. -Ed.] Anyone interested in acting as a distributor or bookseller at American conventions should get in touch with him to inquire about wholesale prices (more than ten COPies). All profits go to the Sdence Fiction Foundation, which publishes Foundation, and will be used to run more conferences and to support SF academic study at all levels. + I I -----= Aussiecon 3: The .1999 World Science Fiction Convention The World Science Fiction Convention will be held in Melbourne, Australia, from September 2-6, 1999. Some programming will be what we call the ''Academic Track"-that is, presentations at a level of professionalism comparable with that of an academic conference. Ideas for presentations and panels will be tossed around informally in late 1998 and early 1999; we will then tty to shape a coherent program. Shorter papers should run 20 minutes and longer ones should run 40 minutes; time for questions will be added. The guests of honor are Greg Benford and the late George T umer (in spirit) and Australian fan, editor, and critic Bruce Gillespie. We are particularly interested in papers or panel items on the work of Benford or T urner--or, indeed, on the important contributions that have been made to the SF community by Gillespie. Any paper displaying a general interest in the kinds of hard SF written by Benford (Continut:d on pagt 6) )


from 5) or Turner is particularly welcome. A focus on the new millennium is also encouraged, whether the focus deals with technological change, social change, or aspects such as demographic issues or climate change. Speculation by scientists on the possibilities of a third millennium are as welcome as literary critical papers. Finally, presentations that focus on Australian SF, its history, its significance, or its possible future directions are encouraged. Submissions to: -Russell Blackford I I -TOLKIEN CONFERENCE Bree Moot 41Mythcon XXX: Bree and Beyond: Exploring the Fantasy Worlds of J.R.R. Tolkien and His Fellow Travelers Mythcon XXX will be held the afternoon of July 30 through the morning of August 2, I 999, at Cousins Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The guests of honor are Sylvia and Gory Hunnewell and Douglas A. Anderson. Contact Bree Moot 41Mythcon xxx, 293 Selby Avenue, St Paul, MN 55102-1811; 6511292-8887; e-mail: ; Web site . Papers on any related tapic, including predecessors, contemporaries and successors of T olkien and all fantasy authors of both sexes and any period are welcome. Papers relating to the conference theme or the works of the guests of honor will be especially welcome. Conference papers include traditional literary and scholarly studies but include some papers with an international focus as well as those that focus on visual or written arts. The conference theme suggests looking at travel, the quest, world-building and mythopoeisis, but is not limited to these on 1) ( (Continued from page 5) strongly recommend it to any individual or library with an interest in SF or in twentieth-century magazine and book illustration. The pulp histories and Di Fate's survey provide essential supplements to the fiction. Relatively few people now own copies of the original pulps, some because they find the illustrations embarrassing, demeaning the "literature" they os tensibly illustrate. A poem bye. e. cummings in his 1935 collection, No Thanks, suggests the vigor and value of the pulps: "let's start a magazine to hell with literature we want something redblooded lousy with pure reeking with stark and fearlessly obscene but really clean get what I mean let's not spoil it let's make it serious something authentic and delirious you know something genuine like a mark in a toilet graced with guts and gutted with grace" squeeze your nuts and open your face NON-FICTION REVIEVV ..... __ '4i)!,j:t;"1!-'H;'f._ Neil Barron Bleiler, Everett F., assisted by Richard]. Bleiler. Science-Fiction: The Gernsback Years, a Complete Coverage of the Genre Magazines Amazing, Astounding, Wonder, and Others from 1926 through 1936. Kent State UP, September 1998. xxx + 730 pages, hardcover, $65, ISBN 0-87338-604-3. You've been presented with a proposal to create a comprehensive guide to the thirteen early American SF magazines plus a derivative thirty-issue British boys' story paper, Scoops, collectively published 1926-1936. The 345 issues, containing 1,835 stories by more than 500 authors, contain approximately 30 million words, including poetry, letters, editorials, and biographical notes. You must provide full descriptions of every story, including evaluative comments,-and include details about the authors, many of whom are long dead, very obscure, and often wrote un der pseudonyms. You must also provide issue-by-issue contents of every issue, list ing not only fiction but cover artists, editorials, significant letters, articles, and po etry. Detailed histories of all magazines must be included, which will require use of rare archival publisher material, information supplied by writers active at the time the magazines were published, and other sources. The poetry and significant letters must be evaluated. A comprehensive theme index to all 1,800+ stories must be included, sup plemented by indexes by story title, names (authors, poets, letter writers), and bio graphical and critical information on all major artists, with a complete listing of other artists. A representative selection of black-and-white reproductions of covers and interior illustrations must be included. Because these magazines often reprinted (Continued on page 7)


(Continued (rom page 6) fiction, especially in their earliest years, you must you must determine and list the original sources of these as well as show for each story all later reprints, also listing such anthologies and author collections. Finally, you must compile a bibliography showing all sources consulted, with detailed acknowledgements of individuals and institutions who provided help. You will be provided with an unpaid assistant, a university librarian knowledgeable in this field. Because of the specialized nature of this work and its relatively narrow audience, your royalties will necessarily be modest. As the project director, estimate how large a staff you will require, who must (alas) be unpaid volunteers whom you judge qualified. We estimate that six to eight volunteers will be needed to meet the editorial deadline. In short, your motivation must be not income but rather an un determined (but very large) amount of a mysterious substance prized by readers of such fiction, called egoboo. As a matter of historical fact, while most of the preceding information is accurate, the guide was completed without the help of the additional volunteers by an individual designated by a minor organization some years ago as a Pilgrim, a name derived from an obscure doctoral thesis, later published more than half a cen tury ago. The Pilgrim designation is appropriate, but is properly derived not from this thesis nor from John Bunyan but from Paul Bunyan, for the labor involved was Herculean (about five years of reading and writing), and more than a few aees will be felled to create copies of this five-pound, 8-112 x 11 x 2-inch volume. Nor was egoboo, with its meaning of self-promotion, a factor. As anyone could guess, the story descriptions and evaluations take up most of the book, 522 pages (71 percent of the book, excluding the front matter). Equally obvious, most of the evaluations are dismissive, often harshly so, for a vari ety of reasons: "Silly, and a horrible job"; "Not very good. Apart from the cops and robbers version of the class struggle, the story is cliched and clumsily presented"; "Routine pulp adventure, an improvement over the earlier stories"; "The odd life-forms are interesting, but the narrative method and the O. Henry ending tend to date the story" (Weinbaum's "A Martian Odyssey"). As the last example indi cates, even stories frequently reprinted, such as Campbell'sIStuart's "Twilight," of ten receive mixed evaluations. Bleiler may be a fan in a narrow sense-no one who wasn't could read this huge mass of material-but he's also a rigorous critic and historian, in contrast to critic/historians such as Moskowitz and Ackerman, who are far more forgiving and favor the "gosh wow" school of "criticism." His analysis of the authors concludes: "In general, apart from an occasional story, one must look back at the authors of 1926-1936 mostly as predecessors, rather than as authors to be read today apart from historical reasons." His 2-1/4 page biographical note on Gernsback, the longest on any author, fairly summarizes the sharply differing views of this important figure. The subtitle importantly qualifies this history, which is restricted to American pulp magazines. The decade of "the Gernsback Years" in Britain included Scoops, with which few North American readers are familiar. It was published for five months, mostly to keep British presses busy, not for any editorial reason. In terms of the larger history of SF, the most literarily and intellectually significant SF during this decade wasn't published in North America at all, as Brian Stableford makes abundantly clear in his Scientific Romance in Britain 1890-1950 (1985) and more briefly in his chapter on the interwar years in the fourth edition (1995) of my Anatomy of Wonder. The key works of the period don't come from the pulps at all, such as Brave New World, War With the Newts, Farrere's Useless Hands, John Gloag's novels, Odle's The Clockwork Man (1923), most ofTaine and, of course, Stapledon. The authors of such works, mostly British or European, rarely had any knowledge of the American pulps. (Continued on poge 8) (Continued .from 6) aspects. Papers should conform to MLA style and may be considered for publica tion in the Mythapoeic Society's journal, Mythlore. Paper and programming proposals should be sent by April I, 1999, to: Dr. : Janice M. Bogstad, UWEC-Mclntyre U brary, Eau Claire, WI 54702-50 I 0; email submissions to . -Janice Bogstad I I FORTHCOMING DLB VOLUME DEVOTED TO BRITISH FISF WRITERS Gale Research will publish in 1999 British Fantasy and Science-Fiction Writers, 19/9-/960 as part of their long-running Dictionary of Uterary Biography series. Edited by Darren Harris-Fain, the subjects of this volume include: K. Burdekin, J. Christopher, A. C Clarke, J. Collier, R. Dahl, W. de la Mare, E R. Eddison, J. Gawsworth, W. Galding, A. Huxley, A. Kavan, G. Kersh, CS. Lewis, D. Lindsay, N. Mitchison, J. O'Neill, G. Orwell, M. Peake, J. C Powys, E F. Russell, Sarban, N. Shute, O. Stop/edon, W. F. Temple, J.R.R. Tolkien, E C Vivian, T. H. White, C Williams, S. F Wright, and J. Wyndham. 1997 saw the publication of DLB volume I 78, British Fantasy and Science-fic tion Writers Before World War I, which comprised 30 essays. The concluding volume, devoted to British writers 19601996, is also tentatively scheduled for 1999, and includes writers who will be listed here when publication is more defI nite. Twentieth-Century American Science Fiction Writers, DLB volume 8, parts I and 2, was published in 1981. ]


NON-FICTION BOOK REVIEW POllCY have agreed to take over responsibilities for book reviews in the SFRAReview. The policies I'll follow will be similar to those followed when I had these responsibilities in the early I 990s. Initially, my focus will be on nonfiction about fantastic literature juqged of interest to members. My goal will be to review about ten books per issue, sixty books per year if regular publication can be maintained. This total is about half the number of nonfiction books of all types, meaning many of the books shown in the recent and forthcoming books listings will be rejected as unsuitable for reviewing. Ahhough know that the interests of many members extend well beyond SF, narrowly defined, the need to limit the number of books reviewed will largely exclude most books about folk and fairy tales, Arthurian studies, how to write guides, and books on comics and horror Space permitting, some books about fantasy and utopian studies will be reviewed. Books reviewed will include reference, history and criticism, author studies (including biographies), filmfTV and artlillustration and will be limited to those published or distributed in the U.S. The range will be from popular to academic. I'll experiment with asterisking books in the recent and forthcoming books listings that will probobly reviewed. Reviewers will be limited to current SFRA members. 'fyou're not in the latest member directory, I'll verift your membership. All reviews will be due no later than six weeks (Tom the date of mailing of the SFRAReview. The suggested length will be shown on a Post-it note I will attach to the material I send reviewers and will range from 400 to 800 words, averaging about 600 (a column of the (Conrinruti on 9) ( (Continued (i'om poge 7) Although fans and historians with strong stomachs will devour the de tailed story descriptions, it is Bleiler's twenty-page introduction that will prove most useful for the less devoted reader. Here Bleiler provides an invaluable synoptic overview of the historical background that led to the pulps, the stories themselves, including a three-page tabulation showing the number of stories each year by forty eight story motifs, a table showing six story formulas by year, and a detailed analysis of writers and readers (the last includes a fascinating discussion of the ads that ap pealed to such readers, their appeal based on money, sex, and power, not much dif ferent from the ads in today's magazines). A thematic analysis that extends Bleiler's analysis by forty years is Paul Carter's The Creation o/Tomorrow (1977), the Eaton award-winning history of American SF magazines from 1926 to 1976. The principal audience for this guide is individuals and libraries who ac quired Bleiler's equally authoritative Science-Fiction: The Early Year.r (Kent State, 1990; 1024 p., $75), an essential companion to this new guide. These two guides were preceded by The Guide to Supernatural Fiction (Kent State, 1983,723 p., OP), whose coverage is distinct, although many writers of the 1920s and 1930s wrote several types of fantastic fiction. Another potential audience are the 200 or so members of First Fandom, an organization founded in 1959 of individuals active in the field by 1939 (a number of the people Bleiler acknowledges are or could be members). When I suggested this in a letter, Bleiler replied: "Most of them are really interested in fandom, not sAnd many would be annoyed at my defecating on idols from their adolescence." For these audiences, I cannot recommend this triumph of devoted (amazing, astounding) scholarship highly enough. Neil8arron Mulvey-Roberts, Marie, ed. The Ha7llJbook to Gothic Literat8re. London: Macmillan; New York: New York UP, 1998. xviii + 294 pages, hardcover, $55, ISBN 0-8147-5609-3; $18.50 trade paper, 0-8147-5610-7. The editor, at the University of the West of England, Bristol, has enlisted sixty-five contributors, mostly fellow Brits with a sprinkling of North American academics and one Australian, to compose the entries for this reference guide. The first alphabetic sequence has entries for thirty-four Gothic writers and forty-four "key" terms; the second has forty entries for "Gothic specialisms," although how key and specialism differ I couldn't tell. "Gothic" is a term used somewhat elasti cally, but it emphasizes the "classic" literature published 1762-1824. However, there are many examples from the later nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century. Angela Carter and Anne Rice are the most prominent contemporary fig ures discussed, but coverage of the fiction from the 1950+ period is very fragmen tary and uneven. Whatever Gothic means, it's not synonymous with horror. How much control the editor exercised over the relative length of the en tries is hard to say. Although Australian writers made few significant contributions to the earlier Gothic, the entry for them gets ten pages versus an average of fewer than three pages for other entries, and "Contemporary Gothic" gets about two pages. Go figure. Clive Bloom, reader in English, Middlesex University, London, wrote the .piece on Lovecraft, an influential twentieth-century figure (the influence has gener ally been baleful). An enormous amount of material has been written about Love craft, but you'd never know it from Bloom's hopelessly uninformed comment that (Continued on poge 9)


(Continued from page 8) "Lin Caner has provided one of the first and best biographies/introductions to Lovecraft (1972)." The "selected reading" list that concludes the volume is a bit more helpful, but it's necessarily quite selective and is divided into general, female Gothic, plus the authors Caner, Poe, Radcliffe, Shelley, Stoker, and Walpole. Many key works aren't listed. Much preferable would have been a handful of key anicles or books cited for each entry. The editor says her guide is designed to complement Frederick Frank's 1987 work, The First Gothics, which I can highly recommend. Its 500 examples are annotated, and the analysis and ancillary tools make it a much better introduction to the (classic) Gothic than this well-intentioned but uneven guide, which should be considered for purchase only as a trade paperback, if considered at all. FICTION REVIEVV .... __ i:fzj;i';i:l;ij:f;!rt'i:(1_ Darren Harris-Fain Ellison, Harlan. Slippage: Precariously Poised, Previously Uncollected Stories. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1997,303 pages, hardcover, $22.00, ISBN 0395-35341-6; Shingletown, Calif.: Mark V. Ziesing Books, 1997,361 pages, hardcover, $75.00, ISBN 0-929480-75-9. A November 1, 1998, review in the New York Times Book Review pro claimed Canadian author Alice Munro the only living writer to make a major ca reer on short fiction alone. Although I agree with the NYTBR that Munro is indeed a writer of considerable talent, I disagree that she is the sole contemporary author to build a major career entirely on short stories. To that very shott list I would also add Harlan Ellison. Of course, this all depends on how one defines a "major career." In terms of sheer production and the ability to make a living from one's work, there is no question that Ellison qualifies, since he has published more than a thousand shott stories since he broke into professional writing in 1955. In terms of the quality of the writing, as opposed to quantity, some might argue that not all of these hundreds of stories are good stories, that in order to suppott himself Ellison has at times written too much and too quickly. This may be true of cettain periods of Ellison's career of more than fotty years, but I would argue that it is cettainly not true of his more recent work. If one examines Ellison's development as a writer from his beginnings in his early twenties to his work today in his sixties, the variety of his shott fiction and his stylistic evolution are impressive. Not too long ago a friend who has not kept up with Ellison's work in recent decades asked me if I thought his fiction of the 1980s and 1990s was as noteworthy as his efforts of the 1960s and 1970s. I believe that it is, even if it differs in its nature from his best-known and most anthologized work, and it is not for nothing, I think, that Ellison is gradually beginning to receive greater attention from mainstream critics, scholars, and readers, that we are entering into a "Harlan Renaissance" of sorts. Ellison's most recent collection, Slippage, is an excellent example. There is nothing here quite like such classic Ellison stories as "'Repent, Harlequin!' Said the Ticktockman,""I Have No Mouth, and I Must Scream," "A Boy and His Dog," "Strange Wine," "Shatcerday," or "Jeffty Is Five." On the other hand, most of the stories in this volume are just as good-but good in a different way. The imagination is just as impressive, the various styles of the stories are just as surely handled, the emotional intensity is just as gripping, but there is a difference in tone and ma-(Continued on page 10) (ContinuuJ fonn 8) SFRAReview has about 600 words). A sheet with more detailed reviewer guidelines will accompany the ffrst review copy sent you. If you wish to review, send me an email or letter with the follOwing information: name; mailing address; e-mail address; home telephone number; best times to call; times you cannot review; reviewing interests; and how you will submit copy. Reviewing interests should be as spe ciffc and detailed as possible so that I can match books to your proffle. Categories might include SF, fantasy, theory, feminism, utopian studies, history/criticism, (ilm, individual authors, etc. If there are speciffc chronological periods of interest, indicate them. Consult lists of recent! forthcoming books and use these to frame your proffle, including types of books you do not want to review. Indicate how you will submit copy: email; mailed diskette; or paper copy only. My word processor can import in these formats only: ASCII, MS Word 3.0, 4.0, 5.0/5.5, WordPerfect 5.0, 5.1, and WP for Windows 5.1. If you can't supply electronic text in one of these formats, send me a poper copy only, typed double spaced. Send information to me at I 149 Lime Place, Vista, CA 92083-7428. My home phone number is 7601726-3238. My email address is listed at the end of this column. The best time to call is between 7 and 9 A.M. Pac;rc time Monday through Saturday, or on Sundays. If you have received any books to review from Mike Levy or Karen Hellekson, please send reviews directly to Karen Hellekson via regular mail (her address is listed in each issue of the SFRAReview) or via e-mail as an ASCII attachment only to her Juno account -Neil Barron ]


RECENT AND FORTHCOMING BOOKS An asterisk indicates that a copy of this book will likely be requested by the Reviews Editor for review in the SFRARe view. Hein, Rolland. Christian Mythmakers. Cornerstone Press, fall 1998. Lewis, Tolkien, L'Engle, MacDonald, Ches terton, others *Iacono, James F. Jungian Reflections within the Cinema: A Psycho logical Analysis of Sci-Fi and Fantasy Archetypes. Praeger, July 1998 Chaje, Carole F. Madeleine L 'Engle, Storyteller: The Spiritual Vision of a Remarkable Writer, 2d rev. ed. Innisfree Press, August 1998 *Hauptmann, Richard A. The Work of Jack Williamson: An Annotated Bibliography and Guide. NESFA Press, August 1998 Leatherdale, Clive, ed. Bram Stoker's Dracula Unearthed. Desert Is land Books, clo Firebird Distributing. August 1998. Text plus notes, intra, duction, ancillary material Miller, Elizabeth, ed. Dracula: The Shade and the Shadow. Desert Island Books, clo Firebird Distribut ing. August 1998. Twenty popers from Dracula 97 centenary meeting Walsh, Chad. Chad Walsh Reviews C. S. Lewis. Mythopoeic Press, August 1998. 19 reviews in a 34-page pamphlet Eggleton, Bob, and Nigel Suckling. The Book of Sea Monsters. Paper TIger, UK, September 1998 ( *Fenner, Cathy and Amie, eds. Spec trum 5: The Best in Contempo rary Fantastic Art. Underwood, September 1998 (ContinlUd on pagt 11) (Continued from poge 9) turity between the majority of the stories in Slippage and most of those works of the 1960s and 1970s that is as distinct as the difference between Annie Hall (1977) and Hannah and Her Sisters (1986}-two films by Woody Allen, one of Ellison's con temporaries. Ellison begins the book with a typically autobiographical introduction, which concludes with the claim that the central theme the stories share is "slippage," which he explains concerns the precariousness of existence: This time the theme is one of nervousness, of the ticking of the clock, of the unreliability of sweet earth beneath our feet and dear beating heart within our chest." However, the stories do not read as though they were forced into some preconceived scheme. Clearly related to this theme, though, are the portions of an personal experience Ellison inserts throughout the book at intervals between stories, reminiscent of the story fragments interpolated into Ernest Hemingway's collection In Our Time (1924). The Houghton Mifflin edition of Slippage includes twenty stories and a teleplay, "Crazy as a Soup Sandwich," written for the 1980s revival of The Twilight Zone. Some, such as "The Man Who Rowed Christopher Columbus Ashore" {selected by Louise Erdrich for the 1993 volume of Best American Short Stories} and "The Pale Silver Dollar of the Moon Pays Its Way and Makes Change," are experimental in nature; also unconventional are both the latter piece and "Where I Shall Dwell in the Next World," both of which seem to straddle the border between fiction and nonfIction. The other stories in the volume are more realistic in structure, but all of them, with the exception of "Anywhere but Here, with Anybody but You," are fantastic in character. For instance, both "The Man Who Rowed Christopher Columbus Ashore" and "SCartaris, June 28th" involve godlike protagonists who traverse space and time in various guises, Wandering Jew figures who take as their mission com fotting the afflicted and afflicting the comfortable. Despite this similarity, though, the two stories are vety different in character. Like the story fragments throughout the collection, "Anywhere but Here, with Anybody but You" is a realistic account of a failed relationship, while the horror story "She's a Young Thing and Cannot Leave Her Mother" is about another kind of romantic attachment altogether, and the fantasy story "Midnight in the Sunken Cathedral" reunites a son with his father in a world beyond death. The latter story reveals a world of wonders, as do such stories as "The Museum on Cyclops Avenue," in addition to taking their characters through various personal situations and crises. Though the moral world Ellison de picts is never simple, often characters get what they deserve through a supernatural comeuppance, as in "The Lingering Scent ofWoodsmoke," "Mefisto in Onyx," "Sensible City," and the teleplays "Crazy as a Soup Sandwich" and "Nackles." {The latter appears only in the handsomely designed signed limited edition published by Mark V. Ziesing, which also includes an introductory essay about the teleplay and Donald E. Westlake's 1963 story that inspired it, as well as an alternate version of "The Pale Silver Dollar of the Moon Pays Its Way and Makes Change."} Other characters manage to escape a variety of threats, as in "Keyboard" {written, at Robin Williams's suggestion, about a vampiric computer}, "Jane Doe #112," and "She's a Young Thing and Cannot Leave Her Mother." Another common theme here is the death of the gods and the end of the world, conveyed in such stories as "Darkness upon the Face of the Deep," "Chatting with Anubis," "The Dragon on the Bookshelf' (written with Robert Silverberg), and "The Dreams a Nightmare Dreams." Although Ellison eschews the title of science fiction writer, a few of these 'stories qualify as science fiction. In "Go Toward the Light," for instance, a time traveling secular Jew becomes responsible for the miracle of the lights celebrated (Continued on poge II)


(Continw:dftom 10) GoUgh, Val, and jill Rudd, eds. A Very Different Story: Studies on the Fiction of Charlotte Perlcins Gilman. Uverpool UP, UK, Septem ber 1998 jones, Gwyneth. Deconstructing the Starships: Science, Fiction and Reality. Uverpool UP, UK, September 1998 Miller, Ron, and Pamela Sargent Firebrands. Paper Tiger, UK, Septem ber 1998 *Wagner, jon, and jan Lundeen. Deep (Continued from page 10) Space and Sacred Time: Star Trek in the American Mythos. Greenwood, September 1998 Westfal, Gory. The Mechanics of Wonder: The Creation of the Idea in Science Fiction. Uverpool UP, UK, September 1998 Cannon, Peter, ed. Lovecraft Remem bered. Arkham Mouse, October 1998 *Eighteen-Bisang, Robert A Vampire Bibliography: Volume I, Litera ture. Transylvania Press, October 1998 during Hanukkah. The novella "Mefisto in Onyx" is a contemporary thriller in volving telepathy and a serial killer, evoking such novels as Alfred Bester's The DemolishedMan and Thomas Harris's The Silence o/the Lambs while remaining wholly original. "The Few, the Proud" is a futuristic antiwar parable, the latest in stallment of his long-running Kyben stories, that reads like a response to Roben A. Heinlein's Starship Troopers. Finally, "Pulling Hard Time" is both about future punishments and very contemporary crimes. I hesitate to say more here about the plots of these stories and teleplays, since so much of the pleasure they offer upon first reading relies on the inventive ness of Ellison's imagination or the shock the story contains. All, however, are emi nently readable, all entenaining, many thought provoking .As always, Ellison takes risks, and not every effon is among his best, especially when the arcana he fre quently includes in his stories tends to overpower plot and characterization. How ever, he continues to try new ideas and approaches, and he ofren succeeds in the attempt. SFRA EXECU'I'IYE COMMlftEE President Joan Gordon 1 Tulip Lane Commack, NY 11725 Vice President Elizabeth Cummins Deparanent of English University of Missouri-Rolla Rolla, MO 65401 Secretary Carolyn Wendell English Deparanent Monroe Community College Rochester, NY 14623 Treasurer Michael M. Levy Deparanent of English University of Wisconsin-Stout Menomonie, WI 54751> Immediate Past President Joe Sanders 6354 Brooks Boulevard Mentor, OH 44060 For an application, contact SFRA Treasurer Michael M. Levy or get one from the SFRA Website. Harms, Daniel, and john Wisdom Gonce III. The Necronomicon Files. Night Shade Books, October 1998 Vallejo, Boris. Hindsight. Paper TIger, UK, October 1998 Achilleos, Chris. Chris Achilleos: An gels and Amazons. FPG Press, November 1998 Borlowe, Wayne. Barlowe's Inferno. Morpheus, November 1998 The Fantastic Art of Zdzislaw Bek sinski. Morpheus, November 1998 Vallejo, Boris. Collected Works. FPG Press, November 1998 Weiner, Adam. By Authors Possessed: The Demonic Novel in Russia. Northwestem UP, November 1998 Hustvedt., Asti, ed. The Decadent Reader: Fiction, Fantasy, and Perversion from Fin-de-Siecle France. MIT Press, December 1998 *Inness, Sherrie A. Tough Girls: Women Warriors and Wonder Women in Popular Culture. U of Pennsylvania P, December 1998 Hayles, N. Katherine. How We Be came Posthuman: Virtual Bod ies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Information. U of Chicago P, February 1999 Andriano, joseph D. Immortal Mon ster: The Mythological Evolu tion of the Fantastic Beast in Modem Fiction and Film. Greenwood, March 1999 *Aldiss, Brian. In the Twinkling of an Eye. UttJe Brown UK, November 1998; St Martin's, April 1999 *Delany, Samuel R. Shorter Views. Wesleyan UP, April 1999 *Sultivan, C W .. ed. Young Adult Sci ence Fiction. Greenwood, April 1999 -Neil Borron ]


SCIEIICE FlnlOIl RESEARCH ASSOCIA,.IOII The SFRA is the oldest professional organization for the study of science fiction and fantasy literature and film. Founded in 1970, the SFRA was organized to improve class room teaching; to encourage and assist scholarship; and to evaluate and publicize new books and magazines dealing with fantastic literature and film, teaching methods and materials, and allied media performances. Among the membership are people from many countries--students, teachers, professors, librarians, futurologists, readers, authors, booksellers, editors, publishers, archivists, and scholars in many disciplines. Aca demic affiliation is not a requirement for membership. Visit the SFRA Website at . An application for membership is avail able at this site. SFRA Benefits Extrapolation. Four issues per year. The oldest scholarly journal in the field, with critical, historical, and bibliographical articles, book reviews, letters, occasional special topic issues, and an annual index. Scirnu-Fiction Studi(s. Three issues per year. This scholarly journal includes critical, historical, and bibliographical ar ticles, review articles, reviews, notes, letters, international coverage, and an annual index. SFRA Annual Directory. One issue pe, Members' names, addresses, phone, e-mail addresses, and special interests. SFRA Revi(W. Six issues per year. This newsletter/journal includes extensive book reviews of both nonfiction and fic tion, review articles, listings of new and forthcoming books, and letters. The Revi(W also prints news about SFRA internal affairs, calls for papers, updates on works in progress, and an annual index. SFRA Optional Benefits Foundation. Discounted subscription rate for SFRA members. Three issues per year. British scholarly journal, with criti cal, historical, and bibliographical articles, reviews, and letters. Add to dues: $17 surface; $20 airmail. The N(W York Revi(W of Science Fiction. Discounted subscrip tion rate for SFRA members. Twelve issues per year. Re views and features. Add to dues: $25 domestic; $34 do mestic first class; $27 domestic institutional; $28 Canada; $36 overseas. SFRA Listserv. The SFRA Listserv allows users with e-mail ac counts to post e-mails to all subscribers of the listserv, round-robin style. It is used by SFRA members to discuss topics and news of interest to the SF community. To sign on to the listserv or to obtain further information, contact the list manager, Len Hatfield, at or . He will subscribe you. An e-mail sent automatically to new subscribers gives more information about the list. NYRSF SUBSCRIPTION INCREASE NOTICE The New York Review of Science Fiction will be raising its rates as of January 10, 1999 to $25 for the basic SFRA member rate. Members wishing to renew for 1999 at the old $21 rate must get their renewals to SFRA Treasurer Mike Levy by the end of January (address on page II). All rates besides the basic rate will increase by $3.00. InA .... do Craig Jacobsen 208 East Baseline Road #311 Tempe. AZ 85283 Email: ( PRESORTED U.S. POSTAGE PAID TEMPE, ARIZONA PERMIT NO. 45


Your Research Search Worksheet Your Topic Is: (What author? What work? What theme, issue, or topic?) Break Down Terms I Concepts: Concept A: A1: OR A2: OR A3: AND Concept B: B1: OR B2: OR B3: AND Concept C: C1: OR C2: OR C3: Note: Truncation, usually an asterisk ( ), but sometimes (!, #, $, or ?) Type of Resource (Go to:!.): Books, Media? Books: COAST If we don't have book, try Link+ (Repeat Search in Link+ button) __ Articles? Articles: Category: Database(s) Use SFX button to determine availability at CSULB Use ILLiad: Interlibrary Services for things CSULB doesn't have __ Websites? Guides: Category: Sources If CSULB Library doesn't have it physically or viturally: Interlibrary Services can probably get it: Need some help? http://www.csulb.edullibrary/eref/needhelp.html Reference Desk (1st floor) Online Chat (24/7) Subject Librarians: Important Library WWWeb Addresses Library E-Reference (Articles & stuff) Library Home Page Library Off-Campus (Remote) Access Subject Research Guides Literature Style Manuals & Citation Methods COAST: The Online Catalog http://www.csulb.edullibrary http://www.csulb.edullibrary/access.html http://www.csulb.edullibrary/eref/vref/style.html


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