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Title:
SFRA Review
Alternate Title:
Science Fiction Research Association Review
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Serial
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English
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Science Fiction Research Association
Publisher:
Science Fiction Research Association
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Eugene, Ore
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Science fiction -- History and criticism   ( lcsh )
Fantasy fiction -- History and criticism -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Science fiction -- Book reviews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Fantasy fiction -- Book reviews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
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non-fiction   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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usfldc doi - S67-00095-n208-1993-11_12
usfldc handle - s67.95
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SFS0024513:00095


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SFRA Revlew.208, lIovember/December .1993 EDITOR ASSOCIATE EDITOR ASSISTANT EDITORS Fiction Editor Nonfiction Editor Young Adult Fiction Editor AudioNideo Editor Affiliated Products Editor Paul K. Alkon E. Susan Baugh Muriel R. Becker Elizabeth Chater Robert J. Ewald Joan Gordon Donald M. Hassler Gary Kern Peter Lowentrout Daryl F. Mallett Frank McConnell David G. Mead B. Diane Miller George E. Slusser Gary Westfahl Milton T. Wolf &FRR REVIEW ISSN 1068-395X Editorial Advisory Board Daryl F. Mallett B. Diane Miller Annette Y. Mallett Kimberly J. Baltzer Clint Zehner Daryl F. Mallett B. Diane Miller Muriel R. Becker E. Susan Baugh Furumi Sano University of Southern California Louisville, Kentucky Public Library Montclair State College San Diego State University University of Findlay Nassau Community College Kent State University University of California, Riverside California State University, Long Beach Riverside Community College University of California, Santa Barbara Corpus ChrisU State University University of North Dakota, Grand Forks University of California, Riverside University of California, Riverside University of Nevada, Reno SFRA Review is published six times a year by The Science Fiction Research Association, Golden Lion Enterprises, and Angel Enterprises. Continued on inside back cover.

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SFRA Rev.teIF'208, Bovember/December 1993 II TlIIIIIDE: BFRAREVIEW IIIUI #208, DOVlmblf/Dlclmblf 1883 IFR. ImRnal IFFaIRI: Presidenfs Message (Mead) 1994 SFRA Conference Update (Hull/Friend) New Members & Changes of Address Editorial (Mallett) IEnERal miICEllInl: Forthcoming Books (Mallett, etc.) News & Information (Mallett, etc.) FERTUREI: Feature Article: 'Claims-Making in Artificial Intelligence Research" (Miller) Feature Review: Clement, Hal. Fossil. (Hassler) REVIEWS: n nctl : Carroll, Lewis. Jabberwocky. (Klossner) Flynn, John L. Cinematic Vampires: The Living Dead on Films and Television from The Devil's Castle (1896) to Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992). (Klossner) Jones, Stephen. The Illustrated Vampire Movie Guide. (Klossner) Joshi, S. T. & Darrell Schweitzer. Lord Dunsany: A Bibliography. (Barron) FlctI : Carey, Diane. Star Trek: The Great Starship Race. (Mallett) Duane, Diane. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Dark Mirror. (Mallett) Eddings, David. The Losers. (Zehner) Eddings, David. The Shining Ones. (Strain) Forward, Robert L. Camelot 30K (Mallett) Forward, Robert L. Timemaster. (Erlich) Friesner, Esther. Majyk By Accident (Mallett) Hodgell, P. C. Bones. (Levy) Hodgell, P. C. Child of Darkness. (Levy) McCaffrey, Anne. The Chronicles of Pern: First Fall. (Strain) Neason, Rebecca. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Guises of the Mind (Mallett)

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SFRA.Rerie.'208, Noyember/December 1993 Schofield, Sandy. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: The Big Game. (Mallett) Sheffield, Charles. Dancing with Myself. (Zehner) Stabenow, Dana. A Handful of Stars. (Collins) Stirling, S. M. & David Drake. The General (Satorius) Strieber, Whitley. The Wild (Dudley) Tepper, Sheri. A Plague of Angels. (Strain) Tsang, Eric. The Solar Wind (Morgan) Wisniewski, David. Rain Player. (Sherman) Wolverton, Dave. Serpent Catch. (Levy) Wood, Bridget. Wolfking. (Morgan) Wood, Bridget. Wolfking. (Strain) Wylie, Jonathan. Dream Weaver. (Morgan) 1883 Index 2

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SFRA Review 1208, lIovember/December 1993 SFRA INTERNAL AFFAIRS 'P7CESJDEJVrS MESSAGE Several years ago Peter Lowentrout put the SFRA "on-line" by establishing a SFRA bulletin board on the GEnie network. That electronic meeting place is still operating. although it isn't much used at present. However, I am told the Internet has a fairly active SF community. Are any of us active participants there? Does anyone out there know if Prodigy or America On-Line support SF communities that our members should know of? If so, how about letting the membership know-through the to log on and get involved. My own very minimal contacts with the cybersphere suggest that there is an awful lot going on there to which we should be paying attention. Lewis Shiner, who has been a most welcome guest at several of our annual meetings, recently published a new novel, Glimpses. He read parts of this work at the Denton meeting two years ago. More "magic realism" than SF, it is wonderfully written and well worth reading. And if you haven't read any lain M. Banks, especially The Player of Games, you have a treat coming. Let me end the year with yet another appeal for help: SFRA needs new members. Please help us find them. And if you aren't participatinS in the operation of SFRA already, please consider running for an office, reVIewing, helping with the ReVlewin some way, serving on a committee, etc. Seasons Greetings, -David Mead P.S. Any member of the Executive Committee will be glad to send you some of our new informational brochures (which include a membership form) to use in recruiting. &FRR COnFEREnCE UPDRTE Chicago, Chicago, that toddlin' town ... All right, we exaggerate. The 1994 Science Fiction Research Association meeting won't exactly be in Chicago. It'll be in the elegant, but down-to-Earth, Northwestern Suburbs, at the Woodfield Hilton in Arlington Heights. But the Windy City's less than an hour away by comfortable rail, with a station just down the block from the hotel. 3

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SFRA Revle. '208, lIovember/December 1993 Chicago, Chicago, we'D show you around. And you what there is to see Chicago! The Field Museum! The Chicago Art Institute! The Museum Science and Industryl---all world class institutions that nobody should rruss. Plus the world's tallest office building. Sears Tower, and lovely cruises on the lake, and the finest of experimental and repertory theatre, and, oh yes, .some of the best beer and pizza the world has ever seen on the Near North Side. Bet your bottom doUar you'D lose the blues in Chicago ... Or in Arlington Heights, for that matter. The most beautiful racetrack in the nation, Arlington Park, is right next door. The newly enlarged (but already huge and wonderful) Woodfield Mall is a short ride away. And even if you don't leave the hotel, there you'll have Sheri Tepper, Octavia E. Butler, Joan D. Vinge, Joan Slonczewski, Philip Jose Farmer, James Gunn, Frederik Pohl, Jack Williamson, and Gene Wolfe to listen to and chat with, as well as the usual great cast of regulars from among our own. Well, all right, maybe we're overselling it a little. Let's take a leaf out of Carl Sandburg's poem, "The Eastland": Let's be honest now For a couple of minutes Even though we're in Chicago. To be honest, you won't have time for all those thing:;, really. But you'll have a great weekend with good friends and stimulating conversation, and when it gets too hot, you can always take a dip in the hotel's indoor pool. Do come! It'll be fine ... but it'll be even better if you're there. -Elizabeth Anne Hull & Beverly Friend The Science Fiction Research Association will hold its 1994 annual conference, "Science Fiction Out of Hand," July 7-10, 1994 at the Arlington Park Hilton; 3400 W. Euclid (at Route 53); Arlington Heights, Illinois. Authors Sheri S. Tepper and Octavia E. Butler will be special guests. Other authors and editors attending include: Gene Wolfe, Jack Williamson, Joan Vinge, Joan Slonczewski, Frederik Pohl, James Gunn, Philip Jose Farmer, and Phyllis & Alex Eisenstein. The SFRA's Pilgrim and Pioneer Awards for distinguished contributions to SF and fantasy scholarship will be given during the conference. Regarding the theme of the conference, directors Elizabeth Anne Hull of William Rainey Harper College and Beverly Friend of Oakton Community College comment: "Science fiction, the literature of change, is also a literature that makes connections among pasts, presents, and many possible futures. SF fragments our present and reassembles it in new ways. Will the center hold? How have writers in this speculative field viewed the components of human experience-individual, family, community, nation, world-singly or together?" The directors welcome papers on any component in this SF "hand." They especially invite papers dealing with the works of the special guests and the other attending authors. 4

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SJI'RA Renew.208, lIoyember/December 1993 The deadline for paper proposals is March I, 1994. Two copies of any proposal should be sent to Dr. Hull at the Div. of Liberal Arts; William Rainey Harper College; Palatine, IL 60067. The advance registration fee for the conference is $115, which includes admission to all sessions, the Saturday night awards banquet, and the SFRA Hospitality Suite. The rate rises to $130 after June 10, 1994. Optional activities include a Friday night excursion to Medieval Times ($30) and a Sunday brunch ($25). Send registration fees to Dr. Hull. Hotel rooms at the Arlington Park Hilton will be $79 per night during the conference. Reservations must be made prior to June 10th. To make reservations, contact the hotel directly; phone the toll-free number 800/3443434 from outside Illinois; within Illinois, call 708/384-2000; or write to the Arlington Park Hilton; 3400 W. Euclid; Arlington Heights, IL 60005-1052. For your information: Founded in 1970, the Science Fiction Research Association is the oldest professional organization for the study of science fiction, fantasy, horror/Gothic, and utopian literature and cinema. The association's goals are to improve classroom teaching. to encourage and assist scholarship, and to evaluate and publicize new books and magazines dealing with fantastic literature and films. The SFRA's members come from many countries and include instructors at all levels, librarians, students, authors, editors, publishers, libraries, and readers with widely varied interests. For more information, contact Dr. Hull or call her at 708/925-6323. -Leah Zeldes Smith; William Rainey Harper College nEW mEmBERB Ii RDDRE&& CHRnSE& /BtIti. Mark Hillegas, one of our Pilgrim Award winners, has been omitted from the 1994 Directory by accident. Our apologies for the oversight. Mark Hillegas 1218 Carter Street Carbondale, IL 62901 Takayuki Tatsurni 5-7-8-506 Mita Minato-Ku, Tokyo 108 JAPAN Please send all mail to the SFRA ReVIew editor at: Daryl F. Mallett; 11461 Magnolia Avenue, #251; Riverside, CA 92505 USA; 909/689-4058; FAX 909/888-4942 until notified in the next? issue of my new address. A P.O. Box will be set up by then. 5

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SFRA Review'208, November/December 1993 EDITORIRL Seasons Greeting;! Well, 1993 was a year full of changes and interesting stuff for SFRA and the SFRA Review. The editor changed, the printer changed, the production look and content changed, the membership changed. I only managed to run one twice; managed, with the of Bob Collins, to salvage some older reViews which never appeared m our pages and run them; and I think I may have managed to bring the production costs down a bit... maybe. I'm hoping that 1994 holds more good for SFRA as an organization and SFRA Review, as well as each of you mdividually. It is for me .. .I've been promoted to Series Editor at Borgo Press and will be working from my home ... my new home in Phoenix, Arizona, where I will also begin a new job with America West Airlines. My mailing address will remain at 11461 Magnolia Avenue #251; Riverside, CA 92505 USA; 909/689-4058; FAX 909/888-4942 until the end of January. Watch these pages for information on the new address. If you're interested in serving on the SFRA Editorial Advisory Board, please drop me a line. And please, for my Christmas present, please send a lot of reviews, articles, essays, interviews, and syllabi in 1 994!_ Issues #206 & 207 mailing help was provided by Annette Y. Mallett. As usual, moral support thanks to Clint Zehner, Kimberly J. Baltzer, Arthur Loy Holcomb, and Richard Rogers, among others. Ad astra. And Happy New Year! -Daryl F. Mallett In mEmORIRm: VInCEnT PRICE Vincent Price, the master of horror films, stage actor, radio personality, and gentleman, died Monday, October 25th, 1993 at his home oflung cancer. He was 82. Vincent Leonard Price Jr. was born May 27th, 19II at St. Louis, Missouri, the third child (of four) of Vincent Leonard Sr., a candy manufacturer specializing in jawbreakers and jellybeans. Vincent Jr. began his life with an interest in art, receiving a B.A. in Art History from Yale in 1933 and penning several books on the subject (I Like Ulhat I Know, The Michaelangelo BIble), and serving as art-buying consultant to Sears-Roebuck in the 1960s. He was enrolled at the University of London for his M.A. in art, but accepted a dare from a friend to audition for a bit part in the play "Chicago," starring John Gielgud ... a part he got. That led to meeting the actress Helen Hayes, who was looking for a leading man who spoke German to play opposite her in "Victoria Regina," another part Price received ... and after continuing on to a 517 -performance run on Broadway, Price was hooked. He also did receive his M.A. in 1935. His film career debuted in 1938, with an appearance in Service De Luxe, with Constance Bennett. That same year saw him signed with Universal, married to Edith Barrett, and appearing onstage at the Orson Welles Mercury Theatre. 6

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SFRA RevIew 1208, November/December 1993 Known primarily for his horror output, Price appeared in over 100 films, which included many of his famous roles in horror, but also ranged from historical (The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1939); Brigham Young Frontiersman (1939); Hudson's Bay (1939); Wilson (1944)) to comedy (Service De Luxe (1938); A Royal Scandal (1945)) to adventure (Green HeD (1940); Keys of the Kingdom (1944)) and more. PrIce worked with almost every major star of his day, appearing not only with horror stars like Boris Karloff, Peter Lorre, Basil Rathbone, Lon Chaney, and Bela Lugosi, but also with the likes of Bene Davis, Errol F1ynn, Olivia de Havilland, Alan Hale, Leo G. Carroll, Douglas Fairbanks, Tyrone Power, John Carradine, Gene Tierney, Cedric I-fardwicke, Francis X. Bushman, Gregory Peck, Tallulah Bankhead, Jessica Tandy, Henry Fonda, Ethel Barrymore, Abbott & Costello, Gene Kelly, Angela Landsbury, Ava Gardner and literally a ton more. He also did voiceovers for animated films like Snow Ut7llte and the Seven Dwarfs (1984), Ruddigore (1985), The Sorcerer's Apprentice (1985), The Great Mouse Detective (1986), and The Little TroD Prince (1987). In his later years, Price was still visible in commercials, in films such as The Whales of Augus-t (1987) and Edward Scissorhands (1990); and doing voiceovers for Michael Jackson's Thriller album. He will always be remembered by millions as the master of horror, but by a few as a gentleman and a scholar. His stately presence and gentle air will be sorely missed. -Daryl F. Mallett In mEmORIHm Eunice J. Searles, mother of SFRA member B. Diane Miller, died Tuesday, September 28, 1993 at the Ellis Fischel Cancer Center of Columbia, Missouri of lung cancer. She was 66. Mrs. Searles was an actress in film and television, appearing with John Wayne in The Making of the Alamo, as well as in Two Rode Together, About Texas Pioneer Days, and played the monster in Dungeon of Horror. She also held a BA from Rice University (1946), where she studied French, Italian, German, and Spanish; an M.A. ill Biochemistry from Trinity University (1966); and a Ph.D. in Neurophysiology from Indiana University (I 972). She also was a Fellow at the National Institute of Health. -Excerpted from The Columbia Missourian 7

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SCIENCE FICTION RESEARCH ASSOCIATION Annual Conference July 7-1 D, I 994,Arlington Heights,lL 10 May 1994 Dew' Colleagues and Friends: CO .fERESCEDnu:croRS: Here is your copy of the "preliminary program of evenlS for SFRAS. alooa with a registration form and hOlei reservation card. Uyou
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SFRA Rene .. '208, lIovember/Dec:ember 1993 I3ENERAL MISCELLANY FORTHComlna BooKH Date of publication as shown. (P)=publication confirmed, (R)=reprint. All unconfirmed dates are tentative, delays are common. Most original books have been or will be reviewed in these pages. These books listed here have never been reviewed in SFRAR. .. REfEREnCE Bunson, Matthew. The Vampire Encyclopedia. Crown, Jun 1993 (P). Chalker, Jack L. & Mark The Science-Fantasy Publishers: Supplement One, July 1991.June 1992. Mirage Pr. (P). Avail. to those who bought the base vol. Dowis, Gardner, et ai, eds. Wdung Science Fiction and Fantasy: Twenty Dynamic Essays by Today's Top Professionals. St. Martin's, Mar 1993. Gee, Robin. 1993 Novel & Short Story WrIters Market. Writer's Digest Sooks, Feb 1993. Hall, Hal. W. Science Fiction and Fantasy Reference Index, 1985-1991: An International Author and Subject Index to HEtOry and CrIticEm. libraries Unlimited, 1993 (P). Hall, Hal W. Science Fiction and Fantasy Research Index, VoL 10. SFBRI & Sorgo Pr., Feb 1994. Harbottle, Philip & Stephen Holland. Briwh Science Fiction Paperbacks, 1949-19S6: An Annotated BIbliography. Sorgo Pr., Feb 1994. Jackson, Guide M. Encyclopedia of Traditional Epics. ABC-CLIO, Jun 1994. Jones, Stephen, ed. The Mammoth Book of Zombies. Carroll & Graf. 1993. [Reviewed by Ron and Jan Wolfe in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy, contact me. -D.F.M.] McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics. Kitchen Sink Pr., 1993. [Reviewed by Ron and Jan Wolfe in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy, contact me. -D.F.M.] Miles, Robert. Gothic Writing. 1764-18S0: A Geneology. Routledge, Jun 1993. Ochoa, George & Jeff Osier. The WrIters Gwde to Creating a Science Fiction Umverse. Writer's Digest, Mar 1993. RamsJand, Katherine. The Vampire Compamon: The Official Gwde to Anne Rices The Vampire Chronicles. Ballantine, Oct 1993. Reid, Jane Davidson & Chris Rohmann. The Oxford Guide to Oassical Mythologyin the Arts, 1300-1990s. Oxford Univ. Pr., 1993,2 v. (P). Shippey, Christie & Tom, eds. The Good Science FictIon Gwde. Blackwell, Mar 1993. SJavicsek. William. A Gwde to the Star Wars Universe, 2nd Ed .. BallantinelDel Rey, Mar 1994. 9

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SFRA.Revle.,,'208, lIoyember/December 1993 Toufic. Jalal. Vampires: A Post-Modern V.iSlon of the Undead in Film and Literature. Station Hill Press. Mar 1993. HISTORY Ii CRITICiSm Andriano. Joseph. Our Lodies of Darkness: Female Demonology in Male Gothic FictJon. Penn St. Univ. Pr .. 1993 (P). Anon. World Mythology. Henry Holt & Co . 1993 (P). [Reviewed in American Libraries. December 1993. For a copy. contact me. -D.F.M.J Asher. R E. in Renaissance France: Francus. Samothes. and the Drw'ds. Edinbur Univ. Pr . 1993. Asimov. Isaac & Freder PoW. Our An81J' Earth. Tor. Apr 1993 (R). Barr. Marleen S. Feminist FabulatJon: Space/Postmodern FictJon. Univ. of Iowa Pr . Nov 1992. Barr. Marleen S. Lost in Space: Probing Feminist Science FiCtlon and Beyond Univ. of North Carolina Pr .. Nov 1993. Bloch. Robert. The Eighth State of Fandom. Wildside Pr. (P) (R of 1962 ed. w/new introduction and afterword). Bradbury. Ray. Zen in the Art of Writing. Third ditJon. Capra Pr .. Sep 1993 (P). Bukatman. Scott. Terminal IdentJty: The Virtual Subject in Postmodern Science Fiction. Duke Univ. Pr . Jun 1993. Calderwood. James L. A Midsummer Night's Dream. Twayne. 1993 (P). Canto. Christopher & Odile Faliu. The H.iStory of the Future: Images of the 21st Century. Ronin Publishing Inc . 1993. Carpenter. Thomas H. & Christopher A Faraone. eds. Masks of Dionysus. Cornell Univ. Pr . 1993 (P). Cassiday. Bruce. ed. Modern Mystery. Fantasy, and Science FictJon Wnte.t:S'. Continuum. Dec 1993. Oareson. Thomas D. Unde.t:S'tanding Contemporary American Science Fictlon: The Formative Penod. 1926-1970. Univ. of S. Carolina Pr . Dec 1992. Clarke. Arthur C. By Space Possessed: Essays on the Exploratlon of Space. Gollancz. Jul1993. Clarke. Arthur C. The Colours ofinfinity. Gollancz. Jun 1994. Clarke. Arthur C. How the World Was One: The Turbulent H.iStory of Global CommumcatJons. Gollancz. Jul 1993 (R). Coren. Michael. The Invisible Man: The Life and Liberties of H G. Welk. Macmillan Atheneum. Aug 1993 (P). [Reviewed by Tony Moser in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy. contact me. -D.F.M.J Costello. Matthew J. How to Wnte Science FictJon. Paragon House (P). Cranch. Christopher Pearse. Three Children's Novels by Chr.iStopher Pea.t:S'e Cranch. edited by Greta D. Little & Joel Myerson. Univ. of Georgia Pr . 1993. Douglas. Adam. The Beast WJthin: A H.iStory of the Werewolf Chapmans VlC. Oct 1992. Fausett. David John. Writing the New World: Imaginary VOj'c9ges and Utopias of the Great Southern Lond. Syracuse Univ. Pr . Feb 1994. Goulart. Ron. The Comk Book Reader's Compamon. HarperCo11ins. Apr 1993. Guthke. Karl S. The Lost Frontler: Imagining Othe Worlds, /Tom the Copermean Revolutlon to Modern Sclence FictJon. Cornell Univ. Pr . Jun 1993 (R). 10

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SFRA Rev.iew'208, lIovember/December 1993 Hanson, Bruce K. The Peter Pan Chromdes: The Nearly 100Year History of the "Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Carol Publishing/Birch Lane, May 1993. Harbottle, Philip & Stephen Holland. Vultures of the Void: A HistoryofBntish Science Fiction Publishing, 1946-1956. Borgo Pr., Dec 1992 (P). Harger-Grinling, Virginia, ed. Robbe-Grillet and the Fantastic: A CoUection of &says. Greenwood Pr., Feb 1994. Hasse, Donald. The Reception of Grimm's Fairy Tales; Responses, Reactions, Revisions. Wayne State Univ. Pr., 1993. Hawk, Pat. Hawk's Author's Pseudonyms for Book CoUectors. Pat Hawk, May 1993. Heirn, Michael. The Metaphysics of Virtual Reality. Oxford Univ. Pr., Jun 1993. Hopkins. Andrea. Chromdes of King Arthur. Viking. Jan 1994 James. Edward. Science Fiction in the Twentieth Century. Oxford Univ. Pr . Spr 1994. Kadrey. Richard. The Covert Culture Sourcebook. St. Martin's Pr . Sep 1993. Kumar. Krishnan & Stephen Barr. eds. Utopias and the Millenium. Univ. of Washinston Pr . Jun 1993. Lacy. Noms J., ed. Lancelot-Grail: The Old French Arthurian Vulgate and PostVulgate in Translation, Volume I/, tr . by Samuel N. Rosenberg & Carleton W. Carroll. Garland Pr., 1993 (P). Lafferty, R. A Adventures in Unhistory. Owlswick Pr .. Feb 1993. Le Guin. Ursula K. Language of the Night. HarperPerennial. Jun 1993 (R). Mandelbaum. Paul. ed. First Words: Earliest of 42 Favorite Amenean Authors. Algonquin/W orkman, Oct 1993. Manlove. Colin. Ouistian Fantasy /Tom 1200 to the Present. Univ. of Notre Dame Pr . 1992 (P). Matthews. John. ed. An Arthurian Reader: Selections /Tom Arthurian Scholarship, and Story. Aquarian Pr. (P). McKnight. Stephen A. ed. Science, Pseudo-Science, and Utopianism in Early Modern Thought. Univ. of Missouri Pr. (P). McRae, Murdo William, ed. The Literature of Science: Perspectives on Popular Scientific Writing: Univ. of Georgia Pr., 1993. Mogen. David. Wilderness VisIons: The Western Theme in Science Fiction Literature, Second Edition. Borgo Pr., Feb 1994. Nahin. Paul J. Time Machines: Time Travel in Physics, Metaphysics, and Science Fiction. American Institute of Physics, 1993 (P). Nance. Scott. Trek: Deep Space Nine. Pioneer Books. Feb 1993. Roberts. Robin. A New Species: Gender & Science in Science Fiction. Univ. ofillinois Pr .. Jul1993 (P). Roberts, Sheila. ed. Still the Frame Holds: &says on Women Poets and Wnters. Borgo Pr., May 1993 (P). Rohrich, Lutz. Folktales and Reality. tr. by Peter TokolSky. Indiana Univ. Pr. (P). Ruddick, Nicholas. Ultimate Island: On the Nature of Bntish Science Fict/on. Greenwood Pr., Jan 1993. Scott. Walter. The Black Dwarf, edited by P. D. Garside. Columbia Univ. Pr., 1993. Sharman. Helen & Christopher Priest. Seize the Stars. Gollancz, Oct 1993. Shaw, Bob. How to Write Science Fiction. Al1ison & Busby UK, Jan 1993. Skal, David J. The Monster Show: A Cultural History of Horror. Norton. Mar 1993 (P). 11

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SFRA Review'208, lIovember/December 1993 Slusser, E. & Eric S. Rabkin, Fi."ghts of Fancy! Armed Connict in Science FictJon and Fantasy. Georg18 Uruv. Pr., 1993 (P). Sterling, Bruce. The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Electric Frontier. Bantam, Dec 1993 (R). Stern, Roger. The Death and Life of Superman. Bantam Books, 1993 (P). [Reviewed by Ron and Jan Wolfe in The ArkallSas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy, contact me. -p.F.M.]. Sullivan, C. W. III, ed. ScIence FictJon for Young Readers. Greenwood Pr., Mar 1993. Tatar, Maria. Off With Their Heads!: Fairy Tales and the Culture of Childhood Princeton Univ. Pr., Dec 1993. Van Hise, James. Trek: The Next Generation, Second Edition. Pioneer Books, Feb 1993. Verne, Jules. 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, translated by Walter James Miller & Fredrick Paul Walter. Naval Institute Pr., Sep 1993. von Franz, Marie-Louise. The Feminine in Fairy Tales, Rev. Ed. Shambala, Feb 1993. Weis, Margaret & Tracy Hickman. DragonLance: Leaves from the Inn of the Last Home. TSR Inc., Nov 1993 (R). Wells, H. G. The War of the Worlds: An Annotated and Critical Edition. Indiana Univ. Pr., Aug 1993 (R). Willard, Nancy. Telling Time: Angels, Ancestors and Stories. Harcourt Brace, Oct 1993. Wolf, Leonard. The Essential Dracula. Penguin/Plume, Feb 1993. Wolstenholme, Susan. Gothic (Re)VisiollS: Writing Women as Readers. SUNY Pr., Dec 1992. Zipes, Jack. The Trials and TnbuJatiollS of Little Red RIding Hood, Second Edition. Routledge, Sep 1993. RUTHDR SrUDIES [Adams, D.] Gaiman, Neil. Don't Pamc: Douglas Adams & The Hitch Hiker's Gwde to the Galaxy. Titan, Oct 1993. [Andrews, V.l Spignesl, Stephen J. The V C Andrews Trivia and Quiz Book. Penguin/Signet, Mar 1994. [Asimov, I.] Asimov, Isaac. I. Asimov. Doubleday, Apr 1994. [Atwood, M.] Wilson, Sharon Rose. Margaret Atwood's Fairy-Tale Sexual Politics. Univ. of North Carolina Pr., Dec 1993. [Barker, C.] Barker, Give. Pandemominn II: The Worlds of Clive Barker. Eclipse Books, Win 1993. [Barker, C.] Jones, Stephen, ed. Clive Barker's Shadows in Eden: The Books, Films, and Art ofChve Barker. Underwood-Miller, Sep 1993 (R). [Bloch, R.] Bloch, Robert. Once Around the Bloch. Tor, Jul 1993. [Brown, C] Christophersen, Bill. The Apparition in the Glass: Charles Brockden Brown's Amencan GothIc. Univ. of Georgia Pr., Jan 1994. [Burroughs, W.] Harris, Oliver, ed. Letters of William S. Burroughs, 194519S9. Viking,JunI993. [Cabell, J.] MacDonald, Edgar. James Branch Cabell and RIchmond-in Virginia. Univ. of Mississippi Pr., Apr 1993 (P). [Campbell, J.] Anon. The John W. Campbell Letters, Volume 2: Asimov and van Vogt. AC Projects (5106 Old Harding Road; Franklin, TN 37064; $45+$2 p&h. 12

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SFRA Revie ... '208, November/December 1993 [Chater, E.] Mallett, Daryl F. & Annette Y. Mallett. The Work of Elizabeth Chater: An Annotated BIbhographyand Gwae. Borgo Pr., Feb 1994. [Oarke, A] McAleer, Neil. Arthur C Darke: The Authorized BIography. Contemporary, Aug 1993 (R); Gollancz, Jul1993 (R). [Clarke, A] Welfare, Simon & John Fairley. Arthur C Darke's Mysteries: From Atlantis to Zombies. HarperCollins UK, Nov 1993. [Coblentz, S.] Coblentz, Stanton A & Jeffrey M. Elliot. Adventures of a Freelancer: The Literary Exploits and AutobIography of Stanton A. Coblentz. Borgo Pr., May 1993 (P). [Collins, W.] Peters, Catherme. The King oflnventors: A life of WilkIe CoUins. Princeton Univ. Pr., Nov 1993. [Dick, P.] The Selected Letters of Phih"p K Dick, 1972-1973. Underwood Miller, Jun 1993. [Dick, P.] The Selected Letters of PhihjJ K Dick, 1975-1976. Underwood Miller, May 1993. (P) [Dick, P.] The Selected Letters of PhihjJ K Dick, 1977-1979. Underwood Miller, Spr 1993. [Dick, P.] Sutin, Lawrence. Divine InvasIollS: A life of PhihjJ K Dick HarperCollins UK, Feb 1994. [Donaldson, S.] Barth, Melissa. Stephen Donaldson. Borgo Pr., 1994. [Effinger, G.] Indick, Ben P. Ceo. Alec Ellinger: From Entropy to Budayeen. Borgo Pr., Jul1993 (P). [Herbert, J.] Herbert, James. James Herbert's Dark Places. HarperCollins UK, Nov 1993. [Jackson, S.] Hall, Joan Wylie. Shirley Jackson: A Study of the Short FiCtIOn. Twayne, 1993 (P). [King, S.] Beahm, George. The Stephen King Story. Warner UK, Mar 1994. [King, S.] Herron, Don, ed. Reign of Fear: The FictIon and the Films of StephenKing. Underwood-Miller, Spr 1993. [King, S.] Magistrale, Anthony, ed. The Casebook on The Stand. Starmont House/Borgo Pr., Sep 1992 (P). [King, S.] Murphy, Tim. In the Darkest Mght: The Student's Gwae to Stephen King. Borgo Pr., 1994. [King, S.] Underwood, Tim & Chuck Miller. Fear Itseff: The Early Works of Stephen King. Underwood-Miller, Nov 1993 (R). [King, S.] Underwood, Tim & Chuck Miller. Feast of Fear: ConversatIOllS WIth Stephen King. Warner, Oct 1993 (R). [Koontz, D.] Greenberg, Martin H., Ed Gorman & Bill Munster. The Dean Koontz Compamon. Berkley, Mar 1994; Headline UK, Jan 1994. [Kurtz, K.] Clarke, Boden. The Work of Katherine Kurtz: An Annotated BIbh"ographyand Gwae. Borgo Pr., Feb 1993 (P). [Le Guin, u.] Cummins, Elizabeth. Understanding Ursula K Le Guin. Univ. of S. Carolina Pr., Dec 1992. [Lewis, C.] Hooper, Walter & W. H. Lewis, eds. Letters of C S. Lewis. HarvestlHarcourt, Nov 1993. [MacDonald, G.] Sadler, Glenn Edward, ed. An ExpressIon of Character: The Letters ofCeorge MacDonald. Eerdmans, Jan 1994 (P). [McCaffrey, A] Nye, Jody Lynn & Anne McCaffrey. The DragonJover's Gwae to Pern. BallantinelDel Rey (R. P). [Moorcock, M.] Davey, John. MIchael Moorcock: A Reader's Gwae. Author (P). 36 p. booklet. [Niven, L.] Stein, Kevin. The Gwae to Larry Mven's RingworJd. Baen, Feb 1994. 13

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SFRA Revlew.208, November/December 1993 [Orwell. G.] Gottlieb. Erika. The OrweU Conundrum: A Qy of Despair or Faith in the Spirit of Man? Carleton Univ. Pr . 1992 (P). [Orwell. G.] Ingle. Stephen. George OrweU: A Politieallife. Manchester. 1993 (P). [Ovid] Mandelbaum. Allen. The Metamorphoses of OVId Harcourt. Nov 1993 (P). [Poe. E.] Anderson. Madelyn Klein. Edgar AUan Poe: A Mystery. Franklin Watts. 1993 (P). [Pynchon. T.] Berressem. Hanjo. Pynchon's Poetics: Interfacing Theory and Text. Univ. of Illinois Pr . Jan 1993. [Serling. R.] Sander. Gordon F. Serling: The &e and Twih'ght of Television's Last Angry Man. Penguin/Plume. Jan 1994. [Shelley. M.] Blumberg. Jane. Mary SheUey's Early Novels: 'This Child of Imagination and Miserv'. Univ. ofIowa Pr . Apr 1993. [Strugatsky Bros.] Howelf. Yvonne. A{XJCalyptic Realism: The Science Fiction of Arkady and Boris Strugatsky. Peter Lang. Jul 1993. [Vance. J.] Hewett. Jerry & Daryl F. Mallett. The Work of Jack Vance: An Annotated Blbhography and Gw'de. Borgo Pr .!Underwood-Miller. Feb 1994. [Vance. J.] Ternianka. Dan. The Jack Vance Lexicon: From Ahulph to Zipangote. Underwood-Miller (P). [Verne. J.] Teeters. Peggy. Jules Verne: The Man Who Invented Tomorrow. Walker. Jan 1993. [Wells. H.] Coren. Michael. The Invisible Man: The life and Liberties of H G. Wells. Athenuem. Aug 1993. [Wells. H.] Hu!5hes. David Y. & Harry M. Geduld. eds. An Annotated and Critical Editlon of The War of the Worlds. Indiana Univ. Pr .. May 1993 (postponed from Fal 1992). [Wells. H.] Philmus. Robert M .. introducer and annotater. The Island of Doctor Moreau. by H G. Wells. Univ. of Georgia Pr.. Feb 1993. [Wilde. 0.] Willoughby. Guy. Art and Christhood: The Aesthetics of Oscar Wilde. Farleigh bickinson. 1993 (P). [Zelazny. R.] Lindskold. Jane M. Roger Zelazny. MacrnillanlTwayne. Nov 93. FILm & TV & THEATRE Archer. Steve. Willis O'Brien: Special Effects Gemi.Js. McFarland. Sum 1993. Carrou. Bob. Monsters and Aliens from George Lucas. Abrams. Oct 1993. Champlin. Charles. George Lucas: The Creative Impulse. an IUustrated HistoryofLucas5!m's First Twenty Years. Abrams (P). Cornell. Paul. Keith Topping & Martin Day. The Avengers Program Gw'de. Virgin. Jan 1994. Drake. Chris. The Making of UFO and Space 1999. Boxtree. Apr 1994. Ellison. Harlan. Harlan Ellison's Watching. Underwood-Miller. (P) (R of 1989 ed.). Erlich. Robert. Clockworks: A Multimedia BlbJiographyof Works UselUl for the Study of the HumanlMachine Interface in SF Greenwood Pr .. Jul 1993 (P). Farrand. Phil. The Nitpicker's Gw'de for Next Generatlon Trekkers. Dell. Nov 1993; SFBC Jan 1994; Titan Nov 1993. Finch. Christopher. Jim Henson: The Works. Random House. 1993 (P). [Reviewed by Ron & Jan Wolfe in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy. contact me. -D.F.M.] 14

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SFRA Revlell"'208, November/December 1993 Flynn, John L. The Films of Arnold Schwarzenegger. Carol Pub. Group, 1993. Fury, David. Kings of the Jungle: An IUustrated Reference to Tarzan on Screen and Television. McFarland, Sum 1993. Galbraith, Stuart IV. Japanese Science Fiction, Fantasy. and Horror Films: A Critical and Filmography of 97 Features Released in the Umted States, 1950-1992. McFarland, Sum 1993. Gross, Ed & Mark Altman. Star Trek: Captain's Log Supplement. Boxtree, Feb 1994. Gross, Ed & Mark Altman. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Logbook Boxtree, Mar 1994. Hardy, Phil, ed. Aurum Film Encyclopedia Vol 3: Horror. Aurum Pr., Oct 1993. Hardy, Phil, ed. The Overlook Film Encyclopedia: Science Fiction. Overlook Pr., Jan 1994. House of Dracula. MagicJmage Filmbooks, (P). Howe, David J. Doctor Mlo: Timefi'ame: The IUustrated Doctor Who Books UK, Oct 1993. Howe, David J., Mark Stammers, & Stephen James Walker. The Doctor Mlo Handbook: The Fourth Doctor. Doctor Who Books UK, Dec 1992. Howe, David J., Mark Stammers, & Stephen James Walker. Doctor Mlo, The Handbook: The Sixth Doctor. Doctor Who Books UK, Nov 1993. Hutching;, Peter. Hammer and Beyond: The Horror Film. Manchester, 1993 (P). Kalmus, Herbert T. & Eleanore King Kalmus. Mr. Technicolor: An Autobiography. MagicJmage Filmbooks, (P). Kinnard, Roy, ed. The Lost World of Willis O'Brien: The Original Shooting Script of the 1925 Landmark Special Effects Dinosaur Film. McFarland, Sum 1993. Klein, Michael. Seven Minutes: The Life and Death of the American Animated Cartoon. Routledge, Chapmann & Hall, Dec 1993. Lichtenberg, Jacqueline, Sondra Marshak & Joan Winston. Star Trek Lives! Titan, Oct 1993 (R). Lopez, Daniel. Films by Genre: 775 Categories, Styles, Trends, and Movements Defined WIth a Filmography for Each. McFarland, Sum 1993. Mank, Gregory William. HoUywood Cauldron: Thirteen Horror Films fi'om the Genre's Goldenke. McFarland, Sum 1993. Maxwell, Thomas. the Trek Universal Index. Boxtree, Apr 1994. McCarty, John. Psycho: Ninety Years of Mad Movies, Mamacs, and Murderous Deeds. Carol Publishing Group, May 1993. Nance, Scott. TheSpintofTrek. Pioneer, Nov 1993. Nemecek, Larry. The Star Trek: The Next Generation Compamon, Revised &iJtIOn. Pocket, Dec 1993. Okuda, Michael. The Star Trek EncyclopedIa. Pocket, Apr 1994; Simon & Schuster UK, Apr 1994. Peel, John. The OffiCIal Thunderbirds, Stingray. and Captain Scarlet Programme Gwde. Virgin, Dec 1993. Quarles, Mike. Down and Dirty: HoUywood's ExpIOItatJon Filmmakers and Their Movies. McFarland, Sum 1993. SalwoIke, Scott. Nicholas Roeg Film by Film. McFarland, Sum 1993. Schelde, Per. AndroIds, HumanOIds, and Other Science FictIon Monsters: Science and Soul in Science FictIon Films. New York Univ. Pr., 1993 (P). [Reviewed by Ron & Jan Wolfe in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy, contact me. -D.F.M.] 15

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SFRA.Reriew'208, lIovember/December 1993 Schoell. William & James Spencer. The Ni/V1tmare Never Ends: The O/Jicial History of Freddy Krueger and the Nightmare on Elm Street Films. Citadel Pr. (P). Sevastkis. Michael. Son&y of Love & Death: The Dassical American Horror Film of the 1930s. Greenwood. Mar 1993 (P). Shatner. William & Chris Kreski. My Star Trek Memories. HarperCollins. Oct 1993 (P); HarperCollins UK. Nov 1993. Siegel. Don. A Siegel Film: An Autobiography. Faber & Faber. November 1993. Skat David J. The Monster Show: A Cultural History of Horror. Norton. May 1993. Slavicsek. William. A Gwae to the Star Wa.r.s Umve.r.se, Second Edition. BallantinelDel Rey. Mar 1994. Thompson. Frank. Tim Burton's Nightmare Before Christmas: The Film, the Art, the VisJon. Hyperion. Oct 1993 (P). Van Hise. James. The Dassic Trek Crew Book Pioneer, Oct 1993. Van Hise. James. The Next Generation Tnbute Book Pioneer. Sep 1993. Van Hise. James. Sci Fi TV /Tom Twilight Zone to Deep Space Nine. Pioneer. Jun 1993. Van Hise. James. Trek: The Next Generation Crew Book Pioneer. May 1993. Van Hise. James. Trek Ver.msNext GeneratJon. Pioneer. Nov 1993. Walker. Stephen James & Mark Stammers. Doctor Mlo: Decalogue. Doctor Who Books UK. Mar 1994. Westmore. Michael & Joe Nazzaro. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Make Up Effects Manual Titan. Nov 1993. Willard. Nancy. The Sorcerer's Apprentice. ScholasticIBlue Sky Pr .. Oct 1993. Willingham. Ralph. Science FictJon and the Theatre. Greenwood Pr . Dec 1993. Wright. Bruce. Yesterday's Tomorrows: The Golden Age of Science Fiction Movie Poste.r.s. Taylor Publishing. Apr 1993. ILLUSTRRTlOn Addams. Charles. The World of Charles Addams. Random House/Knopf. Dec 1993. Alighieri. Dante. Paradiso. Random House. Nov 1993. Anderson. Wayne. Throuflh the Looking Glass. Paper Tiger/Avery. Apr 1993. Bantock. Nick. The EgyptJan Jukebox. Viking. Sep 1993. Bantock. Nick. The Golden Mean: The Extraordinary Correspondence Continues. Chronicle Books. Oct 1993. Barker. Clive. Ch've Barker IUustrator IfThe Art of Ch've Barker. Eclipse Books. Win 1993. Bok. Hannes. A Hannes Bok Treasury. Underwood-Miller. May 1993. Borst. Ronald V .. Keith Burns & Leith Adams. eds. Graven Images: The Best of Horror, Fantasy. and Science FictJon Film Art. Grove Pr .. Oct 1993. Bull. Emma. The Prmcess and the Lord of Night. Harcourt Brace. Spr 1994. Calle. Paul. Paul GaUe: An Artist's Journey. Mill Pond Pr . Oct 1993. Ciruelo. The Book of the Dragon. SFBC. Aug 1993. Day. David & Alan Lee. Tollden's World: Paintin&y of Middle-Earth. HarperCollins. 1992. De Berardinis. Olivia. Let Them Eat Cheesecake: The Art of Oh'via. Ozone Productions. Sep 1993. 16

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SFRA Revle ... 208, lIovember/December 1993 Delamare. David. Merm8Jds & Magic Shows: The Art of David Delamare. Paper Tiger. Feb 1994. Edwards. Malcolm & Robert Holdstock. Realms of Fantasy: An /Uustrated Exploration of the Most Famous Worlds of Fantasy Fiction. Collier Macmillan. Mar 1993 (R of 1983 ed.). Fabian. Stephen E. Ladies & Legends. Underwood-Miller. Aug 1993. Finch. Christopher. Jim Henson: The Worb. Random House. Nov 1993. Flynn. Danny. The Art of Danny FJynn. Paper Tiger. May 1994. Gurney. James. The Dinotopia Pop-Up Boob. Turner Publishing, Sep 1993. Kirby. Josh. The Josh Kirby Discworld Portfolio. Paper Tiger. Nov 1993. Kirschner. David & Ernie Contreras. The Pagemaster. Turner Publishing. Nov 1993. Maitz. Don. Dreamquests: The Art of Don Maitz. Underwood-Miller. Nov 1993; SFBC. Apr 1994. Matthews. Rodney. The Second Rodney Matthews Portfolio. Paper Tiger. Nov 1993. Medding;. Derek. 21st Century VisJons. Paper Tiger. Nov 1993. Morrissey. Dean. The Ship of Dreams. Mill Pond Pr . Spr 1994. Potter. J. K. HorripilatJons. Paper Tiger. Nov 1993. Pratchett. Terry & Stephen Brigg;. The Streets of Ankh-Morpork. Corgi. Nov 1993. Schwertberger. De Es. Heavy light: The Art of De B. Morpheus International. Nov 1993. Server. Lee. Danger is My Business: An IUustrated History of the Fabulous Pulp Magazines. 1896-1953. Chronicle Books. May 1993. Whalley. Joyce Irene & Tessa Rose Chester. The Bright Stream: A History of Children s Book IUustratJon. David R Godine. Dec 1993. Whelan. Michael. The Art of Michael Whelan. Bantam Spectra. Oct 1993. Yerka. Jacek & Harlan Ellison. Mind Fields: The Art of Jacek Yerka-The FictJon of Harlan Ellison. Morpheus International. Dec 1993. BOOKS on TRPE. CD. VIDEO Boucher. Anthony & Denis Green. The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes. Volume 22: Murder By Moonlight and The Singular Affair of the Coptic Compass. Simon & Schuster. December 1993 (P). Read by Basil Rathbone & Nigel Bruce. Dickens. Charles. A Christmas Carol Simon & Schuster. October 1993 (P). Read by Patrick Stewart. Duane. D18ne. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Dark Mirror. Simon & Schuster. December 1993. Read by John DeLancie (P). King, The Mist in 3-D. Sound CD. Simon & Schuster. September 1993 (P). Koontz. Dean R Mr. Murder. Simon & Schuster. December 1993 (P). Read by Jay O. Sanders. -Neil Barron & Daryl F. Mallett 17

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UPC CALL FOR PAPERS STSF '94 An International Workshop on SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY through SCIENCE FICTION llnd-13rd June 1994 -BARCELONA (Spain) Organized by: Consell Social (Board of Trustees) ofUNIVERSITAT POLrrtCNICA DE CATALUNYA (llPC) in cooperation with: Software Department (UPC) Physia and Nuclear En,ineerin, Department (UPC) WORLD SF (HiJpanie Chapter) THE WORKSHOP Agood working definition of science fiction is "speculative extrapolation about the effect of science and technology on society". The aim of this International Workshop is to provide a forum for identifYing, encouraging and discussing research about science and technology, or their consequences, as portrayed in science fiction. The Workshop will bring together researchers, scientists, and other academics with science fiction professionals to share information and explore new ideas about the relationship between science fiction. science and technology. TOPICS OF INTEREST The topla orlatnal laelude but Irt Dol limited to: Biotechnology, genetic engineering Computer science, robotics, artificial intelligence Macrocngineering Nanotechnology Physics, astronomy, cosmology Professional aaivity of scienUsu and engineers Social impact of sciencc and technology Teaching sciencc and technology with science fiction INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS Paper submissions must be in English and no more than 6000 words long. 171. Procndlngs o/IJr. Workshop will b. published by the organizing instill/lion. Aulhors arc requested to submit aullero/lnlenlJon with the of !he paper and a shon abstna (less than one page) before No\'cmber la, 1993. Authors must submit five copies or each paper. before January 31,1994, to the: Program Chairperson: Miquel BARCELO Faeultat d'[nformltica Universitat de Catalunya Pau GarEallo, S E 08028 BARCELONA (Spain) Tel: 34_3.401.6958 Fu: 34.3.401.7113 E-mail: blo@lsi.upc.es PROGRAM COMMITTEE Miquel BarcelO (Software Dept., UPC, SPAIN) Joe Haldeman (SFWApraident,MLT. Associate Professor, USA) Elizabeth A. Hull (SFRA USA) Frederik Pohl (SFW A and WSF past-presi dent, USA) Vernor Vinge (Dept. oIMath Sciences, SDSU, USA) ORGANIZING COMMI1TEE Miquel Barcdo (Software Dept., UPC) Laura Cabarrocu (Board of Trustees (seer.), UPC) Gay BaldemaD (Writing Program, ML T.,USA) Pedro Jo"e (Hispanic Chapter of WORLD SF) Jordl JaR (physics and Nuclear Engineering Dept, upc) Louis Lemkow (Sociology Dept, UAB) Mand MoreDo (physics and Nuclear EDgineering Dept., upc) IMPORTANT DATES Deadline for utltr 0/ Inuntlon: November 30,1993 Deadline for Poper mission: January 31, 1994 Notification of Aa=pt ance: March 15, 1994 Camera Ready Pope .. Due: April 30, 1994

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SFRA Renew'208, lIo'Yember/December 1993 NEWS &; INFDRMATIDN CRLLS FOR PRPERS SFRA 1994: The Science Fiction Research Association will hold its 1994 annual conference. "Science Fiction Out of Hand," July 7-10. 1994 at the Arlington Park Hilton; 3400 W. Euclid (at Route 53); Arlington Heights. Illinois. Authors Sheri S. Tepper and Octavia E. Butler will be special guests. Other authors and editors attending include: Gene Wolfe. Jack Williamson. Joan Vinge. Joan Slonczewski. Frederik Pohl. James Gunn. Philip Jose Farmer. and Phyllis & Alex Eisenstein. The SFRA's Pilgrim and Pioneer Awards for distinguished contributions to SF and fantasy scholarship will be given during the conference. Regarding the theme of the conference. directors Elizabeth Anne Hull of William Rainey Harper College and Beverly Friend of Oakton Community College comment: "Science fiction. the literature of change. is also a literature that makes connections among pasts. presents. and many possible futures. SF fragments our present and reassembles it in new ways. Will the center hold? How have writers in this speculative field viewed the components of human experience-individual. family. community. nation. world-singly or together?" The directors welcome papers on any component in this SF "hand." They especially invite papers dealing with the works of the special guests and the other authors. The deadline for paper proposals is March 1. 1994. Two copies of any proposal should be sent to Dr. Hull at the Div. of Liberal Arts; William Rainey Harper College; Palatine. IL 60067. The advance registration fee for the conference is $115. which includes admission to all sessions. the Saturday night awards banquet. and the SFRA Hospitality Suite. The rate rises to $130 after June 10. 1994. Optional activities include a Friday night excursion to Medieval Times ($30) and a Sunday brunch ($25). Send registration fees to Dr. Hull. Hotel rooms at the Arlington Park Hilton will be $79 per night during the conference. Reservations must be made prior to June 10th. To make reservations. contact the hotel directly; phone the toll-free number 800/3443434 from outside Illinois; within Illinois. call 708/384-2000; or write to the Arlington Park Hilton; 3400 W. Euclid; Arlington Heights. IL 60005-1052. For your information: Founded in 1970. the Science Fiction Research Association is the oldest professional organization for the study of science fiction. fantasy. horror/Gothic. and utopian literature and cinema. The association's goals are to improve classroom teaching. to encourage and assist scholarship. and to evaluate and publicize new books and magazines dealing with fantastic literature and films. The SFRA's members come from many 19

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SFRA Rene .... 208, lIovember/December 1993 countries and include instructors at all levels, librarians, students, authors, editors, publishers, libraries, and readers with widely varied interests. For more information, contact Dr. Hull or call her at 708/925-6323. -Leah Zeldes Smith; William Rainey Harper College Comics Studies Anthology: Peter Coogan and Solomon Davidoff are planning a book on M8US titled, Here Our ReOections Begin: Comment8ry 8nd Criticism on (8nd of) Art Spiegeim8n's M8US. Articles and proposals from a wide range of theoretical, and disciplinary approaches, including previously published material, will be considered for inclusion. In general, abstracts should be between 200-250 words and articles from 20-30 double-spaced pages, including notes and appendices. Manuscripts may be submitted on paper, through electronic mail (ASCII text), or on computer diskette (Macintosh format, ASCII text, or Microsoft (TM) Word). Please enclose an SASE with all correspondence. Contact Peter Coogan; Comic Art Studies, MSU Libraries; East Lansing, MI 48824-1048; 517/485-8039 (H); 517/353-4858 (B); email cooganpe@student.msu.edu -Peter Coogan & Solomon Davidoff Midwest Popular Culture Association and the Midwest American Culture Association: The Comic Art & Comics Area of the MPCNMACA is soliciting papers for presentation at the 21st Annual Conference of the Midwest Popular Culture Association and the Midwest American Culture Association to be held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Friday October 7 to Saturday October 8, 1994. Deadline: June I, 1994; Format: 75-word abstract. The Comic Art & Comics Area welcomes presentations from all academic disciplines. Submissions from scholars unaffiliated with a college or university, as well as graduate students and undergraduates are encouraged. Proposal sheets should include all the following information: name, home and work addresses, home and work phone numbers, email address and FAX number if you have these, Presentation Title, 75-word abstract, audio/visual equipment needs, day/time preference. For information or submissions, contact Peter Coogan; Comic Art Studies, MSU Libraries; East Lansing, MI 48824-1048; 517/485-8039 (H); 517/353-4858 (B); email cooganpe@student.msu.edu For information on other areas, or on the MPCNMACA, please write: Carl B. Holmburg, Executive Secretary, MPCA/MACA; Popular Culture Dept.; Bowling Green State University; Bowling Green, OH 43403; 419/372-8172.; cholmbe@andy.bgsu.edu -Peter Coogan Third Annual Comic Arts Conference: The Third Annual Comic Arts Conference is accepting papers to be presented at a joint meeting of comics scholars and professionals at the Chicago ComiCon on Saturday, July 2, 1994. Papers may be on any area of comics research including, but not limited to: Comics Scholarship, Teaching Comics and Teaching with Comics, History of the Medium, Creator Biographies, Comics Theory and Aesthetics, Audience Studies!Fan Culture, IndustriaVEconomic Analysis, Gender Studies, Scott McCloud's Undersl8nding Comics. 20

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SFRA RerieJl"208, November/December 1993 Faculty, students, and those outside the university community are encouraged to make submissions. Professionals interested in making slide (or other) presentations and/or serving as respondents for papers are encouraged to make submissions as well. A 50-100 word abstract must be submitted no later than April 1, 1994. Notification of acceptance will be sent on April 10. For citation and bibliography, use a style recognized by your academic discipline. Each completed paper should include a one-paragraph biographical sketch of the author(s). Completed papers should be to the program coordinator by June 3, 1994. Inquiries, abstracts, articles, and registration forms for this should be sent to Peter Coogan; Comic Art Studies; MSU Libraries; East Lansing, MI 48824-1048; 517/485-8039 (H); 517/353-4858 (B); email cooganpe@student.msu.edu -Peter Coogan The 16th Annual J. Uoyd Eaton Conference: April 15-17, 1994, University of California, Riverside. TOPIC: "Science Fiction and the Contests for Authority. The position of science fiction in literature and culture today raises numerous questions of authority: who is accepting, or rejecting SF, and on what grounds are they doing so? Contests for authority concerning SF are occurring on many levels today. Indeed, they have done so since the genre arose in the early' nineteenth century, or even since the Renaissance conceived the poSSibility of a "scientific" world view. To study these is to gain insight into the complex relations of politics, morality, and literary expression. The questions are myriad: Why, for instance, do so many college SF classes teach Childhood's End, A Canticle for Leibowitz, or Neuromancer? Why do these same classes neglect Heinlein? Why do fans (on the other hand) reject inclusion of writers like Doris Lessing and Jorge Luis Borges in their canon of SF? Why are works of Stnaley Kubrick and William Golding considered "mainstream," while those of David Cronenberg and Stanislaw Lem are considered SF? How are these assignments made, and what difference do such assignments make, and to whom? Taking another tack, can we explain why terms taken from the SF domain are, at one and the same time, immensely popular, and generally pejorative: witness the use of "utopia" for a foolish dream; "star wars" for the strategic defense initiative, "cvberpur!k" for a particularly garish youth culture? In what sense can such SF terms be said to have cultural power? What are the sources of their strengths, the aims of their users, the alternatives they suppress? SF is a genre with multiple contexts as well as contests of authority. In the academy, in publishing, in popular culture, in the realms of ideologies and cultural politics, SF has provoked different responses, created different standards for judgment. This conference invites papers that deal with any possible context of this competition: why do we continue to consider The Tempest in a different light from King Lear, who is to decide today whether or not any good SF has been written in the last ten years? The topic is as broad as canon formation, literary politics, and modes of literary valuation. We ask only that papers dig beneath the assumptions, and seek some "substantifique moelle." Send inquiries and papers before January 15, 1994 to George E. Slusser; Eaton Collection; University of California, Riverside Library; Riverside, CA 92521 or fax proposals to 909/787-3285. -George E. Slusser 21

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SFRA Rev.lew'208, November/December 1993 MILLENNIUM'S END AS STORY AND MOTIF? I am compiling a list (with a view to assembling and editing an anthology) of stories that focus on this century's and this millennium's end (i.e., on the years 1999, 2000, or 2001), such as James Blish's "Turn of a Century" (Dynamic Science Fiction, March 1993), or novels in which that topic constitutes a significant motif, such as Robert Silverberg's The Stochastic Man (1975). He would be grateful for any title suggestions. If you have any, please write to Dr. David Ketterer; Dept. of English; Concordia University; 1455 de Maisonneuve Boulevard West; Montreal, Quebec, H3G 1MB CANADA. All correspondents on this subject will be acknowledged in any consequent publication. -David Ketterer I am preparing a special issue of LIbrary Trends dealing with speculative fiction in the libraries. Topics can be general or specific, targeting cataloging problems, storage facilities, preservation, specific difficulties in this field, lack of information, miscataloging, purchasing & ordering, ILL, or more. Please query or send a prospectus/abstract to me at: Daryl F. Mallett; 11461 Magnolia Avenue #251; Riverside, CA 92505. -Daryl F. Mallett THE ENCYCLOPAEDIA GALACTICA: I've been engaged by Prentice Hall to produce The Encyclopaedia Galactica, a reference work consisting of three cross-referenced volumes called The Encyclopaedia Galactica, Fantasia, and Horrifica. The project survived a change of staff at the publisher as a number of irreconcilable creative differences between myself and myex-collaborator, Michael Kurland. Each volume will feature the following articles/appendices: 22 1. Biographical profiles of authors, artists, and editors. 2. Bibliographies of all the author's fiction books (giving publication dates & awards received) listed in series/alpha order, plus up to five nonfiction books or articles as well as produced screenplays and for tv series experience (including animations). Noteworthy stories will be covered within each biography. Forthcoming books will be listed as well as works in progress. 3. Ephemera-board and computer games, etc. 4. Films Reviews-About 100 per volume. 5. Professional and fan organizations and awards. 6. Photos by Christine Valada, who is responsible for the "Wall of Fame" shown at WoridCons. 7. Publishing-small presses, prozines, fanzines, Science Fiction Book Club, series (e.g., Ace Science Fiction Specials, Ballantine Adult Fantasy, Forgotten Fantasy). B. Signature Pieces (see article on same).

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SFRA RerieJIIT'208, Royember/December 1993 9. Topics-Articles on everything from Space Travel to The Living Dead to Arthurian Fantasy. Signature Pieces: Some of the field's finest writers were invited to contribute. The result: these original articles: Fantasia: "Dragons, Unicorns and Elves: Avoiding Cliches," by Marion Zimmer Bradley; "The Fall and Rise of Fantasy," by L. Sprague de Camp; "Defining Magic Realism," by Charles de Lint; "Women Warriors in Fantasy," by Andre Norton; "Weapons in Fantasy," by Gene Wolfe. Gaiactica: "Why a Quark? Humor in Science Fiction," by Alan Dean Foster; "Consultants: The Use and Treatment Thereof," by Anne McCaffrey; "Science Fiction: Pulps ... and Prophecy," by Frank Robinson; "SF and the Beasts," by Norman Spinrad; "The Fiction in Science Fiction," by William Tenn. Horrifica: "The Golden Age of Horror Films," by Robert Bloch; "Dark Theatre of the Mind: Horror on Radio," by William F. Nolan; "The Horror Writer as Grendel," by Dan Simmons. I'm looking for other professional writers and researchers interested in contributing author profiles and/or specific theme entries of one paragraph to 2.500 words. Please write to me at 8740 Penfield Avenue; Northridge, CA 91324-3224 for rates, guidelines, and master list. You can also send e-mail via any of these on-line services: AOL (LydiaM): CompuServe (70720,604): and GEnie (LMaranoI). -Lydia Marano POPULAR CULTURE AND LIBRARIES: The Popular Culture Association will be meeting in Chicago, Illinois, April 6-9, 1994. Scholars who work in all aspects of popular culture will meet and share common interests. Anyone who is interested in presenting a paper on a topic related to popular culture and libraries should submit a brief abstract (no longer than a page) of the proposed paper to: Allen Ellis; W. Frank Steeley Library; Northern Kentucky University; Highland Heights, KY 41099-6101: 606/572-5527: FAX 606/5725390. -Neil Barron CoMIC BooKS AND LIBRARIES: For the journal Popular Culture in LJbraries. Anyone interested in writing articles examining any aspects of comic books or related materials (comic strips, big-little books, etc.) in relation to libraries, should contact issue editors: Doug Highsmith; University Library Reference; California State University, Fullerton: Fullerton, CA 92634-4150: 714/7732976: FAX 714/773-2439, or Allen Ellis above. Deadline for submission of manuscripts is June 30, 1994. -Neil Barron 23

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SFRA.RerJew'208, lIoyember/December 1993 JOURNAL OF THE FANTASTIC IN THE ARTS: Editor Carl B. Yoke is seeking papers for a special issue on alienation and the figure of the outsider in the fantastic, 3,000-6,000 words in length, following the current MLA style manual. This special issue will appear in late 1993 or early 1994; submit immediately to 1157 Temple Trail; Stow, OH 44224-2238. -Neil Barron I am putting together a collection of essays on the fiction of R A Lafferty, to be called The Astrolabe Papers. I'm looking for original scholarly essays on all aspects of Lafferty's fiction. Papers can be about a specific story or novel, recurring themes, almost anything that relates to the work and career of R A Lafferty. I'm paying $35.00 plus two copies of the book. Submissions and queries should be sent to Steve Pasechnick; Edgewood Press; P.O. Box 380264; Cambridge, MA 02238. -Steve Pasechnick SFRA ANTHOLOGY: Daryl F. Mallett and I have been asked to edit a new SFRA anthology of short stories to be used for teaching in college and university science fiction classes. The present anthology, published by HarperCollins, is badly out of date and the publisher appears to have no desire to revise it. Therefore, we are selecting ideas about what you liked in the old anthology and what you would like to see in a new one. If interested in assisting us in this endeavor or just in making suggestions, please contact either of us soon. -Milton T. Wolf INTERNATIONAL EATON CONFERENCE: An international conference on the topic" The Time Machine: Past, Present, and Future," will be held July 2629, 1995 at Imperial College, London, England. Sponsored by The H. G. Wens Society and The J. Uoyd Eaton Collection of Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature at the University of California, Riverside, the joint international symposium will be held to celebrate the centenary of H. G. Wells's The Time Machine. Outline proposals for the following areas are particularly welcomed: The Time Machine as Text; TTM and the Jin-de-siecJe; TTM and 19th century science; TTM and the Int'l Development of Modern SF; 17M and Modern Cosmology: The Coming Together of Biology and Physics. Proposals should be sent to Dr. Sylvia Hardy, H. G. Wells Society, Dept. of English, Nene College, Moulton Park, Northhampton NN2 7AL ENGLAND, FAX: 011144/604-720636 and to Dr. George E. Slusser, J. Uoyd Eaton Collection, Rivera Library, University of California, Riverside, P.O. Box 5900, Riverside, CA 92517 USA, FAX: 909/787-3285. -George E. Slusser "I am preparing to edit THE DICTIONARY OF liTERARY BIOGRAPHY volumes on British science fiction and fantasy authors. If SFRA members are interested in contributing an/some essay/s to these volumes, please send me a 24

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SFRA Revle.'208, lIovember/December 1993 list of author/s by preference and a summary of your related expertise. I shall be happy to give any additional information as needed. Send replies/queries to Darren Harris-Fain; 113 Paces Run Court; Columbia, SC 29223-7944. Please note new address." -Darren Harris-Fain "I have been appointed editor of a Special Issue of SHA W which will be concerned with "Speculative Fiction and George Bernard Shaw." I am interpreting that loosely enough to invite articles on late 19th century speculative literature which may have influenced GBS and the English culture of the time. There will be a panel on this subject at both the next IAFA meeting in March and at the SFRA meeting in Reno. I welcome proposals for both the and the publication. There is plenty of lead-time, so give it some thought." -Milton Wolf GREENWOOD PRESS: Call for monograph proposals in science fiction and fantasy. Greenwood Press is seeking proposals for book-length, single authored scholarly volumes in its CoNTRIBUTIONS TO TIiE STUDY OF ScIENCE FlcnON AND FANJ"ASY series, edited by Marshall B. Tymn, Donald E. Palumbo, and C. W. Sullivan III. Proposals should include a brief prospectus, a table of contents, a one-paragraph description of each chapter, and a curriculum vitae. Proposals on science fiction and fantasy are invited in such areas as film studies, other popular culture studies, art, science fiction, fantasy literature, mythology, and folklore. Please send proposals that deal primarily with film, other popular culture studies, art, or science fiction to Donald E. Palumbo; Dept. of English; East Carolina University; Greenville, NC 27858. Please send proposals that deal primarily with fantasy literature, mythology, or folklore to C. W. Sullivan III; Dept. of English; East Carolina University; Greenville, NC 27858. -Donald E. Palumbo & c. W. Sullivan III BRRBRm BooKH Don't forget, many extra copies of books were sold at the SFRA Conference in Reno, but many remain, all at to 40-60% off list price. Contact Neil Barron for information on purchasing these books. Make all checks payable to "Neil Barron," and send orders to 1149 Lime Place; Vista, CA 92083. Or call 619/726-3238 (after 6 p.m. Pacific Time; Tuesday-Thursday, Sunday, and anytime Friday or Saturday). They won't last long at these low prices, so request your books now. A refund check will be sent immediately for any books already sold. Some of the proceeds will go to the SFRA Conference to help offset costs. -Neil Barron 25

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SFRA Rene ... 208, Royember/December 1993 STRnlEY B. WElnBRUm PRPERS The family archives of the early, imaginative, and popular science fiction writer Stanley G. Weinbaum (1902-1935) have been acquired for the Temple University Libraries' Science Fiction and Fantasy Collection. The Collection was presented to Temple by the author's widow, Mrs. Marge Kay, and will be exhibited at the Library in November and December of 1993. Passing away in 1935, Stanley Weinbaum has achieved a considerable following of readers of Wonder Stones and Astounding Stories within less than two years of periodical publishing. His "A Martian Odyssey," appearing in the July 1934 issue of Wonder Stories, was one of the first, if not the first, story to give a benevolent and friendly side to aliens, and his subsequent unaginative stories provided new approaches to genetic engineering, alternative worlds, extraTerrestrials, and ecological themes. His stories continued to appear in pulp magazines for years following his death and have continued to be published throughout the past fifty years in anthologies. The collection includes typed and holograph manuscripts ("The Red Peri," "The Black Flame," "Proteus Island," and others), pulp magazines containing his stories, fan reactions, anthologies, correspondence, and photographs. A register of the collection is available upon request. The collection will be exhibited November 12-December 31, 1993 in the Samuel Paley Library, Temple University, 13th and Berks Streets, Philadelphia, PA. For more information, call the Department of Special Collections at 215/204-8230. -Thomas M. Whitehead, Head of Special Collections HILLEBRS ElSRY TO BE DlSPRTCHEo TO mRRS In lBB .. Author and scholar Mark R Hillegas will join a stellar cast of writers whose works will rocket to the Red Planet aboard Mars 94 In cooperation with the Russian Space Research Institute (IKI), the Planetary Society will create Visions of Mars, a collection of science fiction stories, sounds, and images on a compact disk that will chronicle humanity's fascination with Mars and its imagined Martians. The Hillegas essay, "Martians and Mythmakers," will land on Mars along with several thousand pages of fiction from writers ranging from H. G. Wells to Isaac Asimov and from Alexei Tolstoy to Kurt Vonnegut. VisIOns of Mars is intended as a gift from our era to the future generations of humans who will one day explore-and perhaps settle-Mars. The flight disk and other CD-ROM versions of the material will be produced by Time Warner Integrative Group in Burbank, California. A copy of the disk will be placed inside each of the two small stations that Mars 94 will land on the surface of Mars in September 1995. Dr. Carl Sagan, president of the Planetary Society, explains the raison detre behind VisIOns of Mars: "Before our technology caught up with our dreams, the way to Mars was described by the great writers of science fiction. Those who built and operated the first robotic explorers of Mars, the Mariners and Vikingy, and those who are now designing new missions-for robots and for humans-often recall how their sense of wonder was first excited by 26

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SFRA Renew 1208, lIovember/December 1993 science fiction. The earliest adventures of space exploration were some mix of fiction and reality, interacting in the minds of the spaceflight pioneers. "Now we arerreparing the first mobile robotic explorers of Mars, and human exploration 0 Mars is becoming more and more feasible. It seems appropriate to place a collection of these works on Mars-as a motivation and memento for future explorers there. These will be the first volumes of of Mars." Professor emeritus of English at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Hillegas is currently at work on a science fiction novel. He received the prestigious Pilgrim Award from the Science Fiction Research Association in 1992 for his pioneering work in the study and teaching of science fiction. His most important contribution to the field is The Future as Nightmare: H. G. Welk and the Anti-Utopiam (Oxford Univ. Pr., 1967; SIUP, 1974). Hillegas also edited Shadows of/magination: The Fantasies of C S. Lewis, J. R. R Tolkien, and Charles Williams, a collection of twelve essays published by SIUP in 1969, with a new edition appearing in 1979. Neil Barron's Anatomy of Wonder: A Critical Gwde to Science FictJon describes The Future as Ni;;dJtmare as a "well-written, absorbing, and perceptive study of Wells and his influence on writers such as Foster, Capek, Zamyatin, Huxley, Orwell, and Lewis [and] the better SF writers such as Bradbury, Oarke, Pohl, Kornbluth, and Vonnegut." Booldistcalls Shadows of the ImaginatJon a "many-faceted critical analytical view of the motivations, goals, forms, and effectiveness or limitations of the fantasy writing of Lewis, Tolkien, and Williams," with Reprint Bulletin designating It as the "standard book on the three fantasists." Both books are available from SIUP. For more information (including photos) concerning of Mars, contact Susan Lendroth at 818/793-5100. For additional information (includin6 review copies) on The Future as Nightmare or Shadows of ImaginatJon, contact Dan Seiters at 618/453-6633. -Southern Illinois University Press A very nice article on Hillegas appeared in Southern in September. He was gracious enough to send it to me via Dave Mead. Anyone interested in receiving a copy, feel free to contact me. -Ed. mRRRZInE/CRTRLOR nEWS Argonaut no. 18 (Fall 1993), edited by Michael Ambrose, arrived recently. It includes fiction ("Rag Doll," by Jon C. Picciuolo; "Dreamers Awake," by Victor A Gallis; "Ants," by Bob Sloan; "Desert Flower's Story," by Charles M. Saplak; "Sleeping Booty," by Albert J. Manachino; and "Rational Solution," by Bill Dodds); poetry (including contributions by William Jon Watkins, Steve Eng, and Uncle River); and science by William A Ambrose. Available for $8/2 iss.; US$10/2 iss. (CANADA); US$13/2 iss. (overseas/airmail) from Argo Press; P.O. Box 4201: Austin, TX 78765. -D.F.M. Book Carnival Newsletter Vol. 1:2 (September 1993), edited by Ed & Pat Thomas (The Book Carnival; 348 S. Tustin Avenue; Orange, CA 92666) contains information about this mystery/SF bookstore located in Southern California. Authors appearing in the recent past or near future include Mark Frost, Richard Christian Matheson, Janet Dawson, and Sophie Dunbar. Vol.

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SFRA Revle" '208, lIovember/December 1993 1:5 (December 1993) with signing<; including Jonathan Kellerman, Arthur Lyons and Wallace. -D.F.M. The Brinke Stevem NeVolSlerrer no. 7 (Winter 1993) arrived. This 8'/lXll" chatty mag contains information for this Scream Queen's fan club and filmgoers. Information and subscriptions available from the Brinke Stevens Fan Oub; 8033 Sunset Blvd., Box 556; Hollywood, CA 90046. -D.F.M. Cemetery Dance Vol. 5:3/4 (Fall 1993), edited by Richard T. Chizmar (p.O. Box 858; Edgewood, MD 21040) includes fiction from Nancy Holder, Ray Garton, and Thomas Tessier, and departments by Charles L. Grant, Ed Gorman, Tyson Blue, Matthew J. Costello, Douglas E. Winter, Paul Sammon, Ed Bryant, and Kathryn Ptacek, as well as reviews. -D.F.M. Comic Art Studies no. 52 (November 20, 1993) arrived from the Russel B. Nye Popular Culture Collection at Michigan State University. ... published to facilitate communication about the Comic Art Collection at Michigan State University, and communication about public comics collecting and scholarship in generaL" Contact Comic Art Studies; MSU Libraries; East Lansing, MI 48824-1048. -D.F.M. Fantasy Commentator no. 44 reached me in early September. Founded in 1943, although suspended from 1953-77, this IS one of the longest-running fanzines around. The Fall 1993 issue (the table of contents mistakenly says Fall 1992) includes a reprint of an appreciation of Isaac Asimov by John Oute, a short 1983 interview with Asimov, a not-previously published "psycho biography" of Asimov written in 1968 by a female clinical psychologist (it should have remained unpublished), and a thirteen-page remembrance of Asimov by Sam Moskowitz, who also contributes part two of his study of Nat Schachner. Verse, book reviews, and letters round out this seventy-seven page issue, 8'/lXl1", stapled, $5 or $25/6 issues, from A Langley Searles (48 Highland Circle; Bronxville, NY 10708-5909). -N.B. GalaAJl'(Vol. 1:1; January/February 1994). See news & information below. HolQed: The Journal of the KJingon Language /mtitute. News of this quarterly journal, whose first volume (Vol. 1:1) was published in March 1992, was recently passed alon8 to me by Michael Klossner. Available for $12 or $241yr (individuals or institutions) from The Klingon Language Institute; P.O. Box 634; Flourtown, PA 19031. -D.F.M. Locus #395 (Vol. 31:6; December 1993) with interviews with Maureen F. McHugh and Jack Williamson; #396 (Vol. 32:1; January 1994) with interviews with Peter Straub and Tim Powers. P.O. Box 13306; Oakland, CA 94661. Always highly recommended. -D.F.M. The National Fantasy Fan (Vol. 53:6, December 1993) contains information, letters of comment, and news for the N3F, with contributors such as Donald Franson, Joy Beeson, and others. Edited by Craig Boyd; P.O. Box 7554; Little Rock, AR 72217-7554. -D.F.M. Peake Studies #10 (Vol. 3:2; Summer 1993) reached me in November. this issue includes an interesting piece by Selwyn Goodacre, a medical practitioner, "A Christian View of the Titus Books," with a response by John Seland, a Catholic priest. Goodacre also reviews the three-volume Overlook Press 1992 edition of Peake's TITUS books, which were edited by Peake Studies editor Peter Winnington. The news section noted that, in mid June 1993, the BBC had commissioned a series of six hour-long episodes dramatizing the TITUS bookos, with screening probably in 1995. Letters and reproductions of Peake illustrations complete this 37-page, stapled, professionally printed issue. Subscriptions are on a per-page basis; send 28

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STRA Renew'208, lIovember/December 1993 or to G. Peter Winnington; Les 3 Chasseurs; 1413 Orzens. Vaud SWITZERLAND. -N.B. Science Fiction Eye (p.O. Box 18539; Ashville. NC 28814) no. 12 (Summer 1993) also reached me in early September. Stephen P. Brown. the editor. says the next issue will be different in unspecified ways as it merges with Doug Fratz's Quantum. whose last issue appeared in Spring 1993. I've described earlier issues in these pages. It's overly fond of what some regard as edge" but which I find merely trendy and usually empty. such as "GraffitI's Rainbow" by Takayuki Tatsumi and cyberpunk booster Larry McCaffery. which is pretentiously subtitled "Towards the Theoretical Frontiers of 'Fiction': From Metafiction and Cyberpunk Through Avant-Pop." It's a big change from the tedium of Extrapolation. though whether it's an improvement. you'll have to decide. Prices increased with this isse: $5/issue; $12.50/3 iss . all domestic; higher for overseas. -N.B. Scream Factory no. 12 (Autumn 1993) includes stuff horrific by veterans like Stefan R. Dziemianowicz, Al Sarrantonio. Don D'Ammassa. Randall D. Larson. Ben P. Indick, and Mike Ashley. to name a few. Edited by Bob Morrish. Peter Enfantino. and John Scoleri. it's an 81I2x11" slick & glossy magazine. complete with interior illustrations. book reviews. articles. fiction. LoCs. and more. Contact Deadline Press; 16473 Redwood Lodge Road; Los Gatos. CA 95030. $6/iss. + $1.20 postage or $21/4 iss. Space-Time Continuum Vol. 2:2 (September/October 1993). edited by Bjo Trimble (P.O. Box 6858; Kingwood. TX 77325-6858) arrived full of information on SF actors and writers. conventions. and more. Subscriptions are $8/6 iss. (USA Bulk Rate); $10/6 iss. (USA First Class); US$12.50/6 iss. (CANADA); US$18/6 iss. (EUROPE); US$20/6 iss. (pacific Rim/Asia). -D.F.M. SFWA BuUetin Vol. 27:2 (Whole No. 120. Summer 1993). edited by Daniel Heath (p.O. Box 3315; Enfield. CT 06083-3315). an organ of the Science Fiction & Fantasy Writers of America Inc. (SFW A. or SFFW A) contains articles & essays such as "The History of SFW A. 1967-1968." by Alan E. Nourse; "Orbits. Quibbles. Maps. and Drawing; with Satellites." by Hal Hubert; "What's in a Name," by Edo van Belkom; an interview with Steve Pagel; "Contract Article X: Packagers." by Raymond E. Feist; Market Report. by Edo van Belkom; and Reviews, by Sam Moskowitz. $3.95/iss.; $15/yr (4 iss.). -D.F.M. Til!htbeam no. 184 (November 1993). edited by B. Diane Miller (5311 Chestnut Street; Grand Forks. ND 58201-8007). Newsletter of the National Fantasy Fan Federation. WoridCon report. letters of comment. interview with A E. van Vogt. Mars. more. No. 185 (January 1994) with WFC report. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine first season review. Jurassic Park review. and LoCs from Jefferson P. Swycaffer. jan howard finder. Harry Andruschak, Howard DeVore. and more. -D.F.M. Wew.5' From the (Fall 1993) arrived full of information about forthcoming books from Dell/Abyss. including Drawing Blood and Lost Souls. by Poppy Z. Brite; x. 1'; by Michael Blumlein; Harrowgate. by Daniel H. Gower. and letters from Blumlein and Gower. Contact Jeanne Cavelos. Sr. Ed.; Dell/Abyss Publishing; 1540 Broadway; New York. NY 10036. -D.F.M. -Daryl F. Mallett & Furumi Sana 29

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SFRA RevIe" 1208, November/December 1993 BHLHXY RISES FROm HSHES Just when you thought it was really dead, it's made a triumphant return from the ashes of its former self. Galaxy, one of the staples of SF history, returns to us in an 81f2Xll" format. Published by David Franco, with editors including E. J. Gold, Oaude Needham, H. L. Gold, Forrest J Ackerman, Tabitha Jones, and Jean-Marie (aka Hank) Stine, this proves that SF will never die. And what a bang! it begins with! Contributors include SF veterans like Robert Sheckley, Frederik Pohl, Robert Silverberg. Jacqueline Lichtenberg. H. L. Gold, David A. Kyle, Forry Ackerman, and Chuck Rothman, as well as relative newcomers like Greg Costikyan, Lawrence Schimel, and Jean-Marie (aka Hank) Stine. Artists include Daumier, Al Durer, E. J. Gold, Frank Goya, Lin Larsen, George Metzger, Richard Pynson, R van Rijn, and Zoe. Intending to publish bi-monthly, by the Institute for the Development of the Harmonious Human Being, Inc., a California not-for-profit corporation, Galaxycan be reached at P.O. Box 370; Nevada City, CA 95959; 916/4321839; FAX 916/432-1810. Copies are $2.50/iss.; $18/6 iss. bulk rate; $22/6 iss. First Oass; US$28/6 iss. to CANADA; US$30/6 iss. to GREAT BRITAlN/Europe; US$32/6 iss. to the Pacific Rim. You'll definitely want to support this grand dame of SF in her return to former glory! -Daryl F. Mallett SCHOLHRLY COnFEREnCES/COnVEnTIOnS San Diego Book Fair, January 15-16, 1994, Towne & Country Hotel. San Diego, California. Guests: Chelsea Quinn Yarbro, Alicia Austin, Real Musgrave, and more. Wahrenbrock's Book House; 619/232-0132. Space Access '94. March 11-13, 1994, Grace Inn, Ahwatukee, Arizona. Space Access Society; 4855 E. Warner Road #24-150; Phoenix, AZ 85044. 15th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts, March 16-20, 1994, 3:00 p.m. Wednesday to Noon Sunday. Fort Lauderdale Airport Hilton, Dania, Florida. GoH: Roger Zelazny; Guest Scholar, TBA; Special Guest, Ben Bova; Permanent Special Guest, Brian W. Aldiss; and other special guests, including Stephen R Donaldson, Joe Haldeman, H. Bruce Franklin, Brian Attebery, David Hartwell, Ellen Datlow, Tom Maddox, and more. IAFA; College of Humanities; 500 NW 20th; HU-50 B-9; Florida Atlantic University; Boca Raton, FL 33431; 717/532-1495. 94th ABA Convention & Exhibit, May 28-31, 1994. Los Angeles, California. American Booksellers Association; 560 White Plains Road; Tarrytown, NY 10591. Las Vegas Book Fair, June 4-5, 1994, Sahara Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas, Nevada. Guests: Alicia Austin, Gahan Wilson, more. Amber Unicorn Inc.; 702/384-5838. SFSF '94, June 22-23, 1994. Barcelona, Spain. International workshop on Science & Technology through SF. Miquel Barcel6; FacuItat d'lnformatica; Universitat Politechnica de Catalunya; Pau Gargallo 5; E 08028 Barcelona SPAlN; blo@lsi.upc.es. Mythcon XXV, August 5-8, 1994. Washington, D.C. GoH: Madeleine L'Engle; Scholar GoH: Verlyn Flieger. AGoH: Judith Mitchell. Irv Koch; 5465 N. Morgan Street # 1 06; Alexandria, VA 22312. 30

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SFRA Rene" 1208, November/December 1993 95th ABA Convention & Exhibit, June 17-20, 1995, Chicago, IL. Mythcon XXVI, July 28-31, 1995, University of California, Berkeley; Berkeley, California. GoH: Tim Powers. Theme: Fairies in the Garden, Monsters ill the Mall. Mythcon XXVI; c/o Eric & Bonnie Rauscher; 2231 10th Street; Berkeley, CA 9471 O. 96th ABA Convention & Exhibit, May 25-28, 1996, Los Angeles, CA. -Daryl F. Mallett BlRn RPPERRB RB "RUDlo moVlE" Ziggurat Productions: Third Ear Radio Theatre is "producing the finest science fiction audio movies in the known universe." A E. van Vogt's classic SF novel Sian is the first book to be adapted to this "audio movie" format. Not merely content to be an audio cassette reading of a book, this format includes a phenomenal "soundtrack," lending the feel of the complete video film experience to this stereophonic system. Produced, engineered, sound effects, and soundscape design, original music composed and performed by Bob E. Flick, co-produced, directed sound effects and design by Perry Jacob, this is only the first work of many which will be forwarded into this new format. Other works forthcoming from Ziggurat Productions include Metropolli by Thea Von Harbou, Edge of Time by Donald A Wollheim, Ship of Ishtar by A Merritt, Gabriel's Body by Curt Slodmak, The Black Flame by Stanley Weinbaum, Killer to Come by Sam Merwin Jr., Prisoner in the SkuUby Charles Dye, and World ofNuU-A by Curt Siodmak. For more information, contact Ziggurat Productions; P.O. Box 292; Topanga, CA 90290. -Daryl F. Mallett 81811 I/lEX: DEEP 8P8CE DIRE ComlCB This coming February, look for Len Strazewski, writer for Malibu Comics' (5321 Sterling Center Dr.; Westlake Village, CA 91361-4613; 818/889-9800) ULTRAVERSE titles Prototype and Prime, to guest-write an issue of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Strazewski will be scripting issue #7, the first of three issues featuring guest writers. Strazewski will be offering a special issue about his favorite character, Major IUra Nerys. The story finds IUra being sent on a diplomatic mission through the wormhole to a distant planet in the Gamma Quadrant. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine no. 7, with guest penciller Rob Davis, will be issued in February 1994. -Malibu Comics UPoRTE TO ClUTE/OlCHollB EnCYCloPEDlR If you're a fortunate owner of the new Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (SFRAR #205), you can acquire a ten-page list of new information and corrections assembled between the publication last Spring and 4 September 31

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SFRARene",'208, lIovember/December 1993 1993. Send a stamped, addressed envelope if you're in the UK, an envelope and International Reply Coupon (available from any post office) if you're not. Send to John Oute; 221 Camden High St.; London NWI 7BU ENGLAND. -Neil Barron THIUI1/QUaOTUmBACK ISSUE CLEARAnCE After twenty years as one of the field's most respected magazines, and five Hugo Award nominations, the final issue of Quantum: Science Fiction & Fantasy Review has been published. Issue no. 43/44 is a special 20th anniversary double-sized issue featuring Poul Anderson, Charles Sheffield, David Langford, Jessica Salmonson, Charles Platt, Gene Wolfe, Ted White, David Bischoff, David Alexander Smith, Darrell Schweitzer, Paul DiFilippo, Michael Bishop, Algis Budrys, Brian Herbert, Sheri Tepper, and much more! And now, while supplies last, we are selling out all Thrust and Quantum back issues at bargain rates! Pick from twenty years of SF history. Quantum no. 43/44, $6; 5 iss., $10; 10 iss., $18; 20 iss., $30; 30 iss., $40; all 37 iss., $50. Issues 8-43/44 available. Contact D. Douglas Fratz; Thrust Publications; 8217 Langport Terrace; Gaithersburg, MD 20877 -1134. -Neil Barron SF AT THE 1883 Emmy AWARDS Best Animated Program (I hour or less): Batman: The Series. (Fox) Best Editing, Series, Single-Camera Production: Jon Koslowsky, Quantum Leap: Lee Harvey Oswald. (NBC) Best Music Composition, Series (Dramatic Underscore): Joel McNeely, The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles: Young Indiana Jones and the Scandal of 1920. (ABC) Best Main Title Theme Music: Dennis McCarthy, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. (Syndication) Best Costume Design, Series: Peggy Farrell, The Young Indiana Jones Chromdes: Young Indiana Jones and the Scnadal of 1920. (ABC) Best Hairstviing, Series: Joy Zapata, Candy Neal, Patty Miller, Laura Connolly, Richara Sabre, Julia Walker, and Josee Normand, Star Trek: The Next Generation: Time's Arrow Il (Syndication) Best Makeup, Series: Michael G. Westmore, Gil Mosko, Jill Rockow, Karen J. Westerfield, Michael Key, Dean Jones, Craig Reardon, and Vincent Niebla, Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: Captive Pursw't. (Syndication). [The 9th nomination and 3rd win for Westmore & Co.; Space Rangers also received a nomination) Best Sound Editing. Series: Tom Bellfort, Larry Oatfield, Chris Scarabosio, Tom Villano, Michael Silvers, David Slusser, and Jamie Gelb-Forester, The Young Indiana Jones Chromdes: Somme, 1916. (ABC) Best Sound Mixing, Drama Series: Alan Bernard, Richard Morrison, Doug Davey, and Christopher Haire, Star Trek: The Next Generation: A Fistful of Datas. (Syndication) 32

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SFRA Review 1208, November/December 1993 Best Individual Achievement. Special Visual Effects: Robert Legato. Gary Hutzel. Michael Dallas Gibson. and Dennis Blakey. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: Emissary. (Syndication) Best Individual Achievement. Special Visual Effects: Allison Smith-Murphy. Mark Holmes. Yusei Uesugi. Paul Huston. and Eric Chauvin. The Young Indiana Jones Chronices: Young Indiana Jones and the Scandal of 1920. (ABC) Best Individual Achievement. Special Visual Effects: Ron Thornton. Shannon Casey. and Paul Beigle-Bryant. Babylon 5: The Gathering. (Syndication) -Compiled by Bjo Trimble lBTH CEnTURY RU&&IRn &F Fights of Fancy: Armed Conflict in Science Fiction and Fantasy, edited by George E. Slusser and Eric S. Rabkin. recently released by Georgia University Press. includes a rather eclectic work by Dr. Louis Pedrotti (University of California. Riverside) entitled "Warfare Celestial and Terrestrial: Osip Senkovsky's 1833 Russian Science Fantasy." Only one of a many insightful topics in this collection. -Daryl F. Mallett RmmEIBD nEW& Coming from AnimEigo Inc. (p.O. Box 989; Wilmington. NC 28402-0989; 910/251-1850) in March 1994: Urusei Yatsura #6: "A Love Potion. by any other name. would taste as awful. Lupica. another space princess. appears and abducts Ataru. Lum gives chase. assisted by friends Oyuki and Benten. Lupica doesn't want Atan! for his great looks or charming personality. but for the greatest love potion in the galaxy." Videocassette. $39.95; ISBN 1-56567080-9. Rlding Bean "In Chicago. ace courier Ben Bandit rules the road and operates on both sides of the law. If a cargo absolutely. positively has to be there NOW. Bean's your man .. .for a price. Want to ensure that the getaway from your latest heISt goes smoothly? No problem. .. but it will cost you!" Videocassette. $19.95; ISBN 1-56567-091-4. Urusei Yatsura #4 "Don't chop down that cherry tree for anyone else but me ... when a great cherry tree. "Tarozakura." is cut down while Lum & Co. are making a movie. Lum loses her horns ... and her powers! The strangest and most lyrical ofthe UYmovies." Laserdisc. $54.95; ISBN 1-56567-0850-X. In April 1994: Genesis Survivor Gaiarth-Stage 3 and Bubblegum Crash. Gaiarth-Stage 3 features the aftermath of a planetary war. where "the people of Gaiarth struggle to survive amidst remnants of technology they no longer understand. After the defeat of the Draken (in Stage 2). a mysterious Elf named Sakuya awakens from a century-long slumber. only to be captured by the diabolical General. who plans to use her to dominate the world-or destroy it in the attempt! Can Ital. Sahari. Fayk. and Zaxxon (the amnesiac Warroid) rescue Sakuya, defeat the General. and save Gaiarth from 33

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STRARene,,'208, November/December 1993 a fate worse than Armageddon? Find out in this thrilling final stage of Genesis Survivor Gaiarth." Videocassette. $34.95; ISBN 1-56567-084-1. BubbJegum Crash is "the Cyberpunk saga of the Knight Sabres which started in Bubblegum Crisis. MegaToicyo. AD. 2034: The AD police are unable to prevent an armored mercenary force from committing a series of daring bank robberies. just part of a plan masterminded by a mysterious voice.' Are the Knight Sabres breaking up to pursue their individual careers? At the same time. they have their hands full trying to save the city from vaporization .. .In the final episode of Crash. Priss is outnumbered. outgunned. and just plain out of luck! Will the Knight Sabres survive? Laserdisc. $59.95; ISBN 1-56567-089-2. -AnimEigo Inc. SURPRISInB Rno DlSRPPolnTInB TV Action for Quality Television has chosen ABC's Lois and Dark and Fox's The X Files as the two "Greatest Surprises" (better than expected) of the season and NBCs seaQuest DSVas one of two "Biggest Disappointments." -Michael Klossner 34

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SFRA RevieIFI208,lIo'Yember/December 1993 FEATURE ARTICLE CLRlmB .. mRKInB In RRTIFICIRL InTELLIBEnCE REBERRCH What a man sees depends both upon what he looks at and also upon what his previous visual-conceptual experience has taught him to see. -Thomas S. Kuhn Following Malcolm Spector and John Kitsuse's definition of social problems as claims-making activities, this essay examines the claims-making activities in artificial intelligence research from a social constructionist perspective. The constructionist perspective views social problems as constructed through the claims-making activities of interested groups.l The activity of making claims, complaints, or demands for change is the core of what we call social problems activities. Definitions of conditions as social problems are constructed by members of a society who attempt to call attention to situations they find repugnant and who try to mobilize the institutions to do something about them."2 Artificial intelligence (AI) research, the search for mechanical thinking ability, has been the subject of scientific and philosophical debate and claims making activities within the academidscientific community beginning with the inception ofthe idea} Thomas S. Kuhri's descriptions of scientific revolutions based in scientific paradigms (world-views) provides structure for examining the history of AI research claims-making. Kuhri claimed that science is not cumulative as it is presented in history-texts, but that it is structured in group viewpoints of the scientists. These group viewpoints he labeled as paradigms. A scientific paradigm structures the kinds of questions a scientist can ask when doing "normal science." For a new scientific paradigm to replace an older paradigm requires a "Gestalt" experience for the scientists.4 As a social problem the AI debate has led to claims on all sides of the issue far exceeding the accomplishments of the claimants, and the channeling of public research funds in directions based on these claims.S The primary reason for this claims-35

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SFRA Revle ... '208, November/December 1993 making has been the specific paradigm or world view that the AI researchers have held. This essay is divided into three sections describing the claims-making activities of AI researchers. The first outlines the history of AI research and the emergence of two paradigms of AI research. The second describes the results of the contlict between the two research paradigms, the philosophically based AI research and the brain modeling based AI research. The third summarizes and describes current claims-making activities in this field of research.b FRom CompUTfRa TO mECHRRlCRL mrnoa? Ask a dozen different researchers the question "What is AI?" and you get a dozen different answers. Such is not the case with more mature disciplines, such as physics, medicine, and chemistry. To some people, this is evidence that AI can't be classified as a science and that it is, rather, simply a software engineering discipline that has taken on airs. But this view discounts the fact that every mature science was once immature and groping for definition. -Bob Ryan. "AI's Identity Crisis," in Byte (January 1991): 239. The first electronic digital computers were built in the late 1940s replacing in most applications the larger and slower analog experiments. Within a few years, by the early firties, the quest to turn computers into machines that could duplicate the human thinking process emerged with two separate paradigms or factions. One paradigm viewed human thought as a mechanicaVchemical function ofthe human brain and sought to duplicate the neural networks of the brain. This paradigm descended from "idealized, holistic neuroscience"7 and became known as the "bottom up" approach because it started with the physical system of the "brain" as its model. s The other faction believed that human thought consisted of symbol manipulation and that a machine could be built to think if it was given the right basic symbols.9 This paradigm descended from a "rationalist, reductionist" philosophical viewpointlO and became known as the "top down" approach because it focused on symbolic representations manipulated by the "mind" as the model of the way humans think.l1 Part of the problem for the sociologist or layman in identifYing the claims-making activities present in the artificial research field is based on the normal proliferation of jargon in any speCIalized endeavor that is used to describe that specialized endeavor. Many terms are used within the AI research field to describe the same two basic paradigmatic research bases. Some examples are given in the following paragraphs. These two research paradigms developed at approximately the same time, but with very different research focuses. One scientific viewpoint was grounded in physical systems. They believed thinking was a product of the complicated chemical machine, the 36

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SFRA Revlew'208, November/December 1993 human brain. This neuroscience (brain simulation) based paradigm became known as the "bottom-up" approach. Scientists working with this approach viewed computer hardware as the place to focus their research. Jargon for mechanical processes designed to simulate brain function include such terms as "cybernetics," "perceptrons," "neural modeling," "brain modeling." "neural nets," "multi-layer machines," "materialists" and "connectionist."12 The other model was grounded in language as a symbolic representation of the world. These scientists believed thought processes could be reduced to basic symbols, and that these basic symbols could then be programmed into a computer to teach it to think. They drew their view from certain philosophical explorations such as Wittgenstein's Tractatus. Bertrand Russell, Wittgenstein, Descartes, and Goedel were philosophers engaging in philosophical phenomenology-the search for atomic facts and basic objects.13 Unfortunately these AI researchers seemed unaware of Wittgenstein's later recant of his earlier writing:; in Philosophical Investigations, published in 1953,14 or Goedel's mathematical "Incompleteness Theorem."ls Goedel's theorem states that in any consistent system which is strong enough to produce simple arithmetic, there are formulae which cannot be proved in the system but which we can see to be true."lb Because of this channeling toward philosophically based research grounded in the idea of basic symbols, little progress was made in AI research in the early 1980s.'7 This approach to AI research became known as the "top-down" approach, and worked with computer programs (software) trying to duplicate human thought processes. Terms used for this type ofresearch include "complex information processing," "dualists," "symbolic manipulation," and "symbolic systems. IS One source of the neuroscience based AI paradigm's beginning:; can be identified with the book, Cybernetics, written by Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) professor Norbert Wiener and first published in 1948. He argued that feedback was the way creatures, including human being:;, learn about and adapt to their environment.19 "This cybernetic, or neural modeling, approach to machine intelligence was soon dubbed the 'bottom up, approach' with the goal of starting with a model of the brain function in the primitive organism and working up to a human equivalent.2o The silicon computer chip was yet to be invented, and hardware limitations proved expensively daunting to many early researchers.21 Frank Rosenblatt, a research psychologist at the Cornell Aeronautical Laboratory, optimistically continued this line of research and, in 1958, staged a demonstration of his "perceptron," an IBM 704 computer connected to an "eye" made of photoelectric cells and programmed to distinguish between two patterns of squares.22 Rosenblatt figured that it "is both easier and more profitable to axiomatize the physical system and then investigate this system analytically to determine its behavior, than to axiomatize the behavior and then design a physical system by techniques of logical synthesis."23 In 1960, one year beyond his own projected deadline, Rosenblatt demonstrated the 37

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SFRA Review 1208, November/December 1993 Mark I, a perceptron that could learn to make slight discriminations between letters of the alphabet through a "trial-and-error" process.24 Rosenblatt predicted a bright future for the Perceptron. He thought that it would be able to teach itself. He even thought that the Perceptron would eventually be able to build other Perceptrons.25 The Mark I lacked flexibility, being unable to recognize partial letters, or letters facing unusual directions.26 "This problem is a mystery that still baffles AI workers and computer scientists. How can a computer be taught when to break the rules it has been programmed to obey?"27 In 1956, Allen Newell, Herbert A. Simon, and J. C. Shaw preferred to call their research "complex information processing."28 They advocated a "top-down" approach to AI research, primarily because software could be easily modified, and failure more easily abandoned.29 They created a computer program called Logic Theorist using the philosophical treatise on mathematics, Principia Mathematica, by Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell as their inspiration. Their primary programming task was to avoid what AI researchers call "combinatorial explosion"; as the number of variables considered increases, the number of combinations capable of being created increases exponentially}O As yet, AI researchers have been unable to cope with the infinite diversity-infinite combination capable of being processed by the human mind}l At this point, Simon predicted that, through AI research, "digital computers would be the world's chess champions" and "discover at least one important new mathematical theorem" within ten years.32 They followed Logic Theorist with an improved version in 1957 that they called General Problem Solver (GPS) capable of a limited heuristic problem solving method.33 A heuristic problem solving method starts with a goal and makes choices appearing to approach that goal. An example of this would be when trying to get to the downtown area in an unfamiliar city, we keep turning on to the streets that lead in the direction of the large building; located downtown. Encouraged by his program, General Problem Solver (GPS) Herbert Simon made the claim in 1957 that: ... there are now in the world machines that think, that learn and that create. Moreover, their ability to do these thing; is going to increase rapidly until-in a visible future-the range of problems they can handle will be coextensive with the range to which the human mind has been applied.34 Writing of these two AI research paradigms, University of California, Berkeley professors Hubert L. Dreyfus and Stuart E. Dreyfus commented: 38

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SFRA Revlew'208, November/December 1993 In the early sixties, both approaches looked equally promising, and both made themselves equally vulnerable by making exaggerated claims. Yet the results of the internal war between the two research programs were surprisingly asymmetrical. By 1970, the brain simulation research, which had its paradigm in the perceptron, was reduced to a few lonely, underfunded efforts, while those who proposed using digital computers as symbol manipulators had undisputed control of the resources, graduate programs, journals and symposia that constitute a flourishing research program.35 Why, at this early stage, did one paradigm, without clearly addressing many of the questions being asked, triumph over the other? How did the symbolic systems paradigm gain control of the research funds while the brain modeling paradigm took a back seat? The next section of this essay examines explanations of how this happened. BYmBoLlC BYBTEmaD2: BRRID mODELIDSDl AI is internally in a paradigmatic mess. There is really no broad agreement on the essential nature or formal basis of intelligence and the proper theoretical framework for it. -8. Channdrasekaran, Ohio State University Thomas Kuhn thOUght that a new scientific research paradigm would replace a competing older scientific paradigm when sufficient anomalies were explained by the newer model}l> But two new paradigms of a new science competed for AI research funds. In less than twenty years of research, one paradigm of research almost totally obscured the other, but not by answering research questions since neither had achieved their exaggerated claims. Each group had both advocates and detractors. The criticism of the detractors of each group was basically the same: they could solve certain limited problems, but once the complexity of the real world is encountered, their methods bog down.37 One group of advocates within the symbolic systems paradigm chose to specifically criticize the brain modeling paradigm. Two AI researchers are credited with the supersedence of the symbolic systems model over the neuroscience approach. They succeeded in channeling the majority of research funds in the direction of the "top-down" symbolic based research.38 High school classmate to Rosenblatt and professor at MIT, Marvin Minsky, met Seymour Papert, another MIT professor, and together, they became advocates of the perspective known as the "top down" approach.39 In 1965, Minsky and Papert began circulating through the field of AI researchers a draft of their book, Perceptrons, attacking Rosenblatt's perceptron work. In their book, they described writing; about the perceptron research as being "without scientific value."4o Minsky and 39

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SFRA Revle" 1208, November/December 1993 Papert clearly attack the brainrnodeling research as a paradigm (as defined by Thomas Kuhn) when they go on to write: Both of the present authors (first independently and later together) became involved with a somewhat therapeutic compulsion: to dispel what we feared to be the first shadows of a "holistic" or "Gestalt" misconception that would threaten to haunt the fields of engineering and artificial intelligence as it had earlier haunted biology and psychology.41 Hubert L. Dreyfus and Stuart E. Dreyfus claim that "Minsky and Papert were so intent on eliminating all competition" and so entrenched in their symbolic research paradigm, that they failed to examine "multilayer," also known as "neural net"42 or "connectionist" machines.43 Their attack on gestalt thinking in AI succeeded beyond their wildest dreams ... But why was it enough? It was too early to close accounts on either approach. Yet something in Minsky and Papert's book struck a responsive chord. It seemed AI workers shared the quasi-religious philosophical prejudice against holism that motivated the attack.44 Given this philosophical prejudice of some of the workers in AI research, the limited physical computer systems available at the time and the costs of these systems, the brain modeling researchers could do little more than speculate about the potential of their approach, while symbolic systems researchers were creating programs with some usefuIness.45 THf inURn Of THf BRAin mDDfuna PARADlam "Neither proof, nor error is at issue, the transfer of allegiance from paradigm to paradigm is a conversion experience that cannot be forced." -Thomas S. Kuhn Although research funds had been diverted from the brain modeling research paradigm and many AI researchers thought that line of research was a dead end, a few AI researchers continued in this line. The advent of cheap computer memory combined with the invention of the silicon computer chip gave new life to the hardware based brain modeling paradigm. By the mideighties, brain modeling based research was back in competition with the symbolic researchers for research funds.4b Of this turn around, Bob Ryan wrote for Byte magazine: 40 "As connectionist machines continue to produce results in areas such as speech recognition and machine vision--areas

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SFRA Renew 1208, Novemberl December 1993 formerly the exclusive reserve of symbolic AI-the debate about which method is best for representing and processing knowledge will intensify... Undoubtedly, as old antagonisms wear thin, there will be more research into systems that combine both approaches. "47 If philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein is right, and human thOUght is a much more holistic process than either neural nets or symbol systems; then the future paradigm of AI research will be a combination of both paradigms rather than one paradigm replacing the other as Thomas Kuhn's work would indicate.48 Current successful AI research is certainly headed in the direction of paradigm synthesis. The most successful symbolic based research outcome, so far, has been "expert systems," computer programs that locate data in a specific area of expertise such as medicine, law, or a specific business application.49 AI researchers combining expert systems and neural nets are creating hybrid systems with the ability to provide feedback to improve each other. Don Barker, coordinator of the Computer Assisted Learning Center at Gonzaga University, says: 'flymbolic (expert and parallel distributed prQcessing tneural networks are not competmg AI strafegIes bUl cOmPlementary. y uniting them, we can avoid many: of the Wel;lKne$Ses inherent IDa each method whlJe capltailZmg on thell" uruque strengths."5 AI researchers may not ever duplicate human thOUght and intelligence with machines, but the results of their research have proved useful so far.51 We will see what the future bring;. -B. Diane Miller This paper was presented originally at the annual Midwest Sociological Society Meeting held in Chicago, IL in April 1993. 1. Spector, Malcolm & John I. Kitsuse. Constructing Social Problems. Hawthorne, NY: AIdine De Gruyter, 1987. 2. Ibid., p. 78. 3. Qark, Andy. Microcognition: Philosophy, Cognitive Science, and ParaDel Processing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990. Dreyfus, Hubert L. & Stuart E. Dreyfus. "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," in Daedalus 29 (Winter 1988): IS. Weiss, Paul. "On the Impossibility of Artificial Intelligence," in The Review of Metaphysics (December 1990): 335. 41

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SFRAReview'208, Rovember/December 1993 4. Kuhn, Thomas S. The Structure of Scientific Revolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1970. 5. Belgum, Erik. Artificial Intelh'gence. San Diego: Greenhaven Press Inc., 1990. Dreyfus, Hubert L. "From Micro-Worlds to Knowledge Representation: AI at an Impasse," in Mind Design, edited by John Haugeland. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981, p. 161-204. 6. Belgum, Artificial Intelligence. Dreyfus, "From Micro-Worlds to Knowledge Representation: AI at an Impasse," p. 161-204. Artificial Intelligence. Alexandria, VA: Time-life Books Inc., 1986. 7. Dreyfus & Dreyfus. "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 16. 8. Arti5cial Intelligence, 1986. 9. Ibid 10. Ibid 11. Ryan, Bob. "AI's Identity Cric;ic;" in Byte 4 (January 1991): 239. 12. Anderson, Alan Ross, ed. Minds and Machines. Englewood ClifIS, NJ: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1964. Belgum, Artificial Intelligence. Oark, Microcognition: Philosophy, Cognitive Science, and ParaDel Distnbuted Processing. Dreyfus & Dreyfus. "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 15. Gelman, David. "Is the Mind an Illusion?" in Newsweek 2 (April 20, 1992): 71. Ryan, "AI's Identity Cric;ic;," p. 239. Sayre, Kenneth M. "Philosophy and Cybernetics," in Philosophy and Cybernetics, edited by Frederick J. Crosson & Kenneth M. Sayre. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1967. Schank, Roger C, with Peter Childers. The Cognitive Computer. Reading. MA: Addic;onWesley Publishing Company Inc., 1984. Stine, G. Harry. The Sihcon Gods. New York: Dell Publishing Co. Inc., 1984. 13. Dreyfus & Dreyfus. "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 15. Shaffer, Jerome A. Philosophy of Mind Englewood, ClifIS, NJ: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1968. 14. Dreyfus, Hubert L. U11at Computers Can't Do. New York: Harper & Row, 1972. Dreyfus & Dreyfus, "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 15. 15. Ditler, Steve. "Artificial Intelligence," in Omni(March 1992): 12. 42 Dreyfus, "From Micro-Worlds to Knowledge Representation: AI at an Impasse," p. 161-204.

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SFRA Renew.208, lio'Yember/December 1993 Hofstadter, Douglas R. Metamagical Them8S: Questing for the Essence of Mind and Pattem. New York: Basic Books Inc., 1985. 16. Lucas, J. R. "Minds, Machines and GoedeI." in Minds and Machines, edited by Alan Ross Anderson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1964, p. 43. 17. Dreyfus & Dreyfus. "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 15. 18. Crosson, Frederick J. & Kenneth M. Sayre, eds. Philosophy and Cybemetics. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1967. Dreyfus & Dreyfus. "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 15. Gelman, "Is the Mind an Illusion?" p. 71. Haugeland, John, ed. Mind Design. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1981. Ryan, "AI's IdEmtity Crisis," p. 239. 19. ArtiffcialIntelligence, 1986. Belgurn, Artificiallntelligence. 20. Artificial Intelligence, 1986, p. 12. 21. Belgurn, ArtiffciallntelHgence. Ditler, "Artificial Intelligence," p. 12. Dreyfus, "From Micro-Worlds to Knowledge Representation: AI at an Impasse," p. 161-204. 22. Artificial Intelligence, 1986. 23. Rosenblatt, Frank. "Strategic Approaches to the Study of Brain Models," in Principles of Self-Organization, edited by H. von Foerster. Elmsford, NY: Pergamon Press, 1962. Quoted in Dreyfus & Dreyfus, "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 18. 24. ArtiffcialInte11igence, 1986, p. 13-14. Belgum, Artificiallnte11igence, p. 15. 25. Ibid., Pg. 15. 26. Ibid., Pg. 16. 27. Ibid., Pg. 16. 28. ArtificialIntelhgence, 1986, p. 31. 29. Ibid. 30. Ibid., p. 34 31. Ryan, "AI's Identity Crisis," p. 239. 32. Artiffciallntelhgenve, 1986, p. 33. Dreyfus, MJat Computers Can't Do, p. xxix. 33. Artiffciallnte11igence, 1986. 34. Dreyfus, MJat Computers Can't Do, p. xxix. 35. Dreyfus & Dreyfus. "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 20. 36. Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolution. 43

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SFRA Review 1208, November/December 1993 37. Dreyfus & Dreyfus. "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 15. 38. Ibid Ryan, "Ai's Identity Crisis," p. 239. 39. ArtiffciallnteUigence, 1986, p. 14. Belgum, Artificiallntelligence, p. 15. 40. Dreyfus & Dreyfus. "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 21. 41. Minsky, Marvin & Seymour Papert. Perceptrom: An Introduction to Computational Geometry. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1969, p. 19. Quoted in Dreyfus & Dreyfus, "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 22. 42. Dreyfus & Dreyfus, "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 22. 43. Ryan, "Ai's Identity Crisis," p. 239. 44. Dreyfus & Dreyfus, "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 23. 45. Dreyfus & Dreyfus, "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 24. 46. Ibld, p. 15. Ryan, "Ai's Identity Crisis," p. 239. 47. Ibld, p. 244. 48. Belgum, Artiffciallntelligence. Dreyfus & Dreyfus, "Making a Mind Versus Modeling the Brain: Artificial Intelligence Back at a Branchpoint," p. 15. Ryan, "Ai's Identity Crisis," p. 239. 49. Belgum, Artiffciallntelhgence. Rasmus, Daniel W. "Putting the Experts to Work," in Byte 4 (January 1992): 281. Stine, The Silicon Gods. 50. Sheraid, Marge. "Solving the Unsolvable," in Byte (January 1991). 51. Stine, The Smeon Gods. 44 Artiffciallntelligence, 1986. Waldrop, M. Mitchell. Man-Made Minds. New York: Walker Publishing Co. Inc., 1987.

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SFRA Renew'208, November/December 1993 FEATURE REVIEW Oement, Hal. Fossil. New York: DAW Books, November 1993, 288 p., paper, $4.99; ISBN 0-88677-573-6. With all its playfulness, witty and accurate extrapolation on planet environments and on alien morphology, and the good humor that is so characteristic of this fine old pro, this new novel by Hal Clement turns out to be a very solemn affair. As we have come to expect, he writes about a strange menagerie of intelligent aliens who are gathered this time on the unusual planet Habranha trying to cooperate (or not to cooperate) with the native Habra species on a sytematic geologic (Habra logic) study of origins. But Oement waxes somewhat solemn about problems in communication which, by extrapolation, really become problems about novel writing; and he gets very solemn at the end about science itself. With bows to Asimov inventiveness and playfulness (the book is marketed as part of the series called ISAAC'S UNIVERSE), this book is an important addition to the Clement accomplishment and, in its self-consciousness about both writing and science, deserves serious attention. His fans will adore it for the characteristic wit and accurate speculations about weird future possibilities. For example, Habranha is in a binary star system with strange enough weather, temperature, and pressure variations to take its place with MeskIin, Abyorman, and all the other inhabited planets in Clement's universe, which is more physically interesting than Asimov's. But the more conscious variations, the communications problems and the science problems, are the real stuff of this novel. Clement has always been a writer deeply attuned to writing itself and to languages. Some of his funniest and most profound passages from Mission of GraVltyto The Nitrogen Fix have to do with how hard it is to communicate with aliens and even amongst ourselves. There are two future humans, a husband-and-wife team, Hugh and Janice Cedar, working with the other alien species on Habranha; and throughout the major portion of the narrative, they communicate only by typing messages to one another because they are immersed in "diving juice" in order to deal with the pressure-like back to the evolutionary womb. I think of the long tradition of the modern novel from Pamela to John Barth, where couples write letters to each other. But there are two other tricks that Oement uses here to draw special attention to how self-conscious he wants to be (and wants us to be) about the literary business of novel writing. One is simply a sonnet. This book has fourteen chapters, and each chapter has an iambiC pentameter line as its title, so that, with end rhyme to these chapter titles, the table of contents reads as a Shakespearean sonnet. I think that is a put-on for English teachers like myself. But more seriously, the reader should take note of one of the alien SpeCies, the Naxians, who are serpentine-shaped and who forge all sorts of artificial situations and life shapes (they are medical 45

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SFRA Review'208, lIovember/December 1993 doctors) in order to watch emotions and to entertain themselves. The snakelike Naxians are the novelists in this story. and they are fun. I never got to talk much with Asimov and only knew his wit through his printed work. Bit I have spent some time with Clement. shared pie and milkshakes with him; and I know how much he loves these mental games and that he is a very nervous and self-conscious fictionist in the tradition of the novel. so I love his epistolary and sonneteering games. But his tastte and his highest seriousness leads him. like Asimov. finally to science. And what seems most profound and most troubling in this late work are his agonies over what is really at stake in science. Near the end of the story. Janice Cedar says-and she is rid of her diving juice by this time and so presumably can voice it. "No one ever performs the final experiment-the one which removes all possible doubt. This ... is why science never gets past theory." What she is talking about would be like earth geologists trying to study dinosaur extinction by simulating a world catastrophe event. and in fact there is a species in this story that pushes in this dangerous direction. They are a slugJike. non-angelic species. So much of Clement digs into the earth and dellberately away from the heavens and from angels who fly high. He does that several ways here and not totally satisfactorily. But I guess the point is that we do not know how much we can hope to get from slugJike science yet. The fact that Clement is driving himself to such morbid speculation is significant. however. and makes this book. in my opinion. with all its silliness. an unportant work. -Donald M. Hassler 46

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SFRA ReneIF.208, lIovember/December 1993 NDNFICTIDN REVIEWS Carroll, Lewis, with illustrations from the Disney Archives. Jabberwocky. New York: Disney Press, 1992,30 p., cloth, $13.95; ISBN 1-5628-2245-4. The Disney Company's children's press has released four books in an unnamed series, each containing art from a proposed but unproduced cartoon. In addition to Jabberwocky, the titles are Chaucer's Chanticleer and the Fox, Andersen's The Emperor's Nightingale, and Andersen's Steadfast Tin Soldier. The Carroll volume contains the complete poem and fifty-five laid out in comic-book fashion. The are clearly preliminary sketches, much less polished than any completed Disney film. It is sometimes difficult to follow the action. Not recommended as a children's book. For Disney completists only. For the same money it would take to buy the four books in this series, one could acquire a more substantive volume on Disney animation, such as John Grant's Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Animated Characters (I992) or Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston's Disney Animation: The IUusion of Life (I 98 1). -Michael Klossner Flynn, John L. Cinematic Vampires: The living Dead on Films and Television com The Devil's Castle (1896) to Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992). Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1992,320 p., cloth, $39.95; ISBN 0-89950-6593. Jones, Stephen. The IUustrated Vampire Movie Gwde. London: Titan Books, 1993,144 p., paper, .99; ISBN 1-85286-449-4. The appearance of two lists of vampire films was inspired by Francis Ford Coppola's Bram Stoker's Dracula (I 992). Jones' Gwde is far superior to Flynn's work. Jones lists about 600 films and 1V programs, Flynn about 400. Most of the 200 titles missed by Flynn are obscure, but Flynn unforgiveably omits Harry Kumel's Daughters of Darkness (I971), one of the best films of the subgenre. Jones includes comedies, cartoon shorts, foreign films from many countries (including Spain, Italy, France, Germany, Japan, Hong Kong, Korea, India, Australia, Turkey, Malaya, the Philippines, and even Cuba), amateur films, porn films, movies featuring fake vampires or serial killers who drink blood but have no supernatural powers, a few films with no vampires but with the word "vampire" in the title, and even one film (Tarzan Escapes, 1936), from which vampire scenes were cut before release. The few films in Flynn but not in Jones are mostly of marginal relevance, such as several versions of 47

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SFRA Revlew'208, November/December 1993 Alraune and George Romero's M'ght of the Living Dead (1968). F1ynn inconsistenly lists Night, but not Romero's two sequels, Dawn of the Dead (1978) and Day of the Dead (1985). Jones includes dozens of vampire episodes, both comic and serious, from non-horror TV series, from Dr. M10 to FTroop. For each film, Jones provides date, nationality, alternate titles, production company, director and stars, and specifies black-and-white or color. F1ynn has the same information, plus the names of producers and writers. Neither provides running times or names of characters (unless mentioned in annotations). Jones has more illustrations than F1ynn. Some of Jones' illustrations are in color; all of F1ynn's are black-and-white. Jones' terse descriptive and critical annotations are never more than 100 words long. F1ynn's commentaries are longer, as much as two pages on one film, but include synopses, irrelevant detail, and fannish, often emotional, criticism. F1ynn states confidently and without evidence that 1930s film vampires represented "the monolith of economic systems, a bloodsucking vampire created by wealthy industrialists," ignoring the fact that vampire filrns became much more common in later, more prosperous decades. My own knowledge of the subgenre is limited, but I found F1ynn's errors more numerous and serious than Jones'. In a "trivia quiz," F1ynn states positively that In Search of Dracula, a 1971 pseudo-documentary, was the only film made about Vlad Tepes, the 15th century Romanian prince who may have inspired Dracula legends; Jones lists Doru Nastase's VJad Tepes, a 1978 Romanian historical epic about the prince. F1ynn writes that only stills survive of Tod Browning's London After Midm'glJt (1927); Jones reports that most of the film's reels have been rediscovered. F1ynn claims that Christopher Lee got a "big career break" in Olivier's Hamlet (I 948); actually Lee was an extra in Hamlet and languished in obscurity for ten more years. F1ynn unfairly states that Peter Cushing was "always working in the shadow of Christopher Lee." He calls director Freddie Francis an "Academy Award winner" without noting that he won for cinematography, not for direction. According to F1ynn, Charles Barton's Abbott and CosteUo Meet Frankenstein (1948) is both "unintentionally humorous" and "clearly played for laughs." F1ynn's credits for Philip Saville's BBC TV film Count Dracula omit the name of the memorable leading lady, Judi Bowker. By contrast, Jones' errors are slight. He unaccountably lists Abbott and CosteUo Meet Frankenstein as Meet Frankenstein, alphabetized under "M." I missed. an amusing error pointed out by Tim Lucas in his Vldeo Watchdog review; Jones changes the name of Christopher Lee's character in Blood Demon (1967) from Count Regula to Count Regular. Jones rates all filrns on a one-to-five scale and is often quite severe. He considers arty French director Jean Rollin "overrated." He gives low ratings to Nastase's VJad Tepes, the Dark Shadows TV series, and several notable films, including Carl Dreyer's Vamp}Te (I 932), Werner Herzog's Nosferatu (I 979), and Saville's Count Dracula. F. W. Murnau's Nosferatu (1922) gets a middling grade. All these titles have their defenders: VJad Tepes was praised in Magill's Survey of Cinema: Foreign Language Films (I 984). I love Murnau's Nosferatu and Saville's Count Dracula, but at least Jones defends his opinions forcefully. Nothing he writes annoys me as much as F1ynn's shrill, unsupported attack on Abbott and CosteUo Meet Frankenstein, one of the most delightful horror comedies. Like many "serious" fans, F1ynn cannot tolerate a film which pokes fun at his favorite characters. 48

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SFRA Rerie ... '208, lIovember/December 1993 For the record, Jones' choices as the best vampire films are Browning's London After MJdmghl', George Melford's Dracula (1931; the Browning-Lugosi version is rated just below the best); Fntz Lang's M (1931); Mark Robson's Isle of the Dead (1945); Abbott and CosteUo Meet Frankenstein; Terence Fisher's Dracula (1958); Christian Nyby and Howard Hawks' The Thing from Another World (1951); Mario Bava's Black Sunday (1960) with Barbara Steele: Bava's Planet of the Vampires (1965): Roman Polanski's Dance of the Vampires (1967); Stanley Kubrick's A Oockwork Ora[1qe (1971): Kumel's DauEJ.hters of Darkness; John L. Moxley's TV film The M"ght Stalker (1971), the pilot film for KoJchak, Brian Clemens' Captain Kronos. Vampire Hunter (1972): Stan Dragoti's comedy Love at First Bite (1979): Richard Wenk's Vamp (1986); and Kathryn Bigelow's Near Dark (1987). Another new entry in this crowded field is a revised edition of Alain Silver and James Ursini's The Vampire Film (1993). Flynn and Jones' bibliographies both omit two fine books-Gregory A. Waller's The Living and the Undead (1986), with detailed criticism of eight film versions of Stoker's Dracula and of Romero's first two Living Dead films, and David Pirie's The Vampire Cinema (1977), which covers several dozen films. According to a November IS, 1993 Booklist review, Andrea Weiss' Vampires and Violets: Lesbians in Film (1993), "draws on the expertise of other scholars and critics, such as Bonnie Zimmerman on lesbian vampire films." Jones' Vampire Movie Gwde is the first in Titan's IUustraced Movie Guide series, followed by Jones' The IUustrated Dinosaur Movie Guide (1993). --Michael Klossner Joshi, S. T. & Darrell Schweitzer. Lord Dunsany: A BIbliography. New Jersey: Scarecrow Press, 1993, xxiv+363 p., cloth, $42.50: ISBN 0-81082814-X. The compilers have no explanation of why Dunsany (1878-1957) began writing, with his first book, the self-published The Gods of Pegana (1905), followed in the next decade by the tales that make him still read today: Time and the Gods (1906), The Sword of WeUeran (1908), A Dreamer's Tales (1910), etc. At that time, however, he was much better known for his plays, five of which simultaneously ran on Broadway. Other works included poetry, some book reviews and many essays. Citations to works by Dunsany in English and translation take up two-thirds of this authoritative and well organized bibliography, by far the lengthiest ever published. Citations to criticism occupy another seventy-five pages, although the compilers dismiss this with the comment, "Of the criticism of Lord Dunsany's work not much can be said." Indexes of names, of works by Dunsany and of periodicals in which his work appeared conclude the volume. No explanation is given why an effort was not made to obtain access to a publications ledger maintained by Dunsany, "presumably still in the possession of the Dunsany Estate," although Mark Amory, who wrote a 1972 biography with the cooperation of the estate had access. The biography is dismissed as competent "but rather lifeless and very inadequate in its treatment of Dunsany's SFRAR readers may recall Schweitzer's Pathways Co ElDand: The of Lord Dunsany (1989), the subject of a 49

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S'RA Rerie ... '208, lIovember/December 1993 very unfavorable review by Bob Collins, and which is annotated here as "analysis is somewhat cursory, but with occasional valuable insights." If the amount of criticism about Dunsany in recent years is any indication, he's a decidedly minority taste, and this listing, thorough as it is, isn't likely to get many scholarly mills churning, for which we should be thankful. Large university libraries should consider but few others. -Neil Barron 50

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SFRA Renew.208, lIo'Yember/December 1993 FICTIDN REVIEWS Carey, Diane. Star Trek: The Great Starship Race. New York, London: Pocket Books, October 1993, 305 p., paper, $5.50; ISBN 0-671-87250-8. STAR TREK #67. At first glance, this title seems pretty stupid. However, the story within belies the misleading nomer. After first contact with the Rey people is made, a "great starship race" is held open to member planets of the Federation in order to foster goodwill, and to allow the xenophilic Rey to examine the races of the galaxy. Sort of like an intergalactic America's Cup race. Everything is going fine ... until the Romulans show up. And Captain Kirk immediately suspects that something's up ... Carey tells a good story and keeps the reader interested ... provided the reader doesn't pay too much attention to her thick writing. Utilizing sesquipedelian verbiage (twenty-five cent specialty words) such as "oxer" and "excoriations" systematically, at various locations such behavior becomes tedious. Nonetheless, another marvelous tale chronicling the adventures of our favorite heroes, saving life as we know it. -Daryl F. Mallett Duane, Diane. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Dark Mirror. New York, London: Pocket Books, December 1993,337 p., cloth, $22; ISBN 0-67179377-2. With the intelligence of recycling, who can blame writers for recycling old materials in new situations? Duane jumps on that recycling bandwagon with Dark Mirror, the latest hardcover installment in the spectacularly successful STAR TREK series of books. Remember Mirror, Mirror from the original series, where Captain Kirk, Dr. McCoy, Lt. Uhura, and Scotty were transported into a parallel universe, one where everyone was evil? That's the scenario here. Only now, in Captain Picard's time, the mirror universe bad guys have transported our Enterpme into their universe, hoping to quietly murder and replace our crew with their own in an attempt to take over our universe. If the original show made you cringe, don't despair. While the material may seem old, it is presented with freshness. Duane includes the latest in Starfleet's cetacean officers, Commander Hwii, a delphine; a mirror universe where not all is alike ... no Data, for example; a lot of pseudoscience way over my head dealing with cosmic strings and the various vibrations they 51

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SFRA Revlew'208, November/December 1993 make which cause disruptions in the harmony of the universe (whatever Wesley just said), and more. It's a story which does carry the reader right along to the very end, which, unfortunately, seems to end right where the original TV show did. The story is well-written but rather anticlimactic. -Daryl F. Mallen Eddings, David. The Losers. New York: BallantinelDel Rey Books, September 1993,295 p., paper, $5.99; ISBN 0-345-38520-9. Eddings fans who buy The Losers are in for a bit of a surprise. As an old fan of THE BELGARIAD and THE ELENIUM, when I picked up a book that said both "David Eddings" and "Fantasy" on the spine, I had certain preconceptions of what I was about to get. A good, lighthearted romp with lots of magic and fighting. This is nat what The Losers is all about. It begins with the birth of Raphael Taylor, a future high school football hero/'A" student/all-around good-looking blonde god and nice guy. On his first day of college, he's looking for his room when he wanders into the wrong room (we only discover just hawwrong it is later) and meets Jacob Damon Flood, Junior. Damon and Raphael become good friends, of sorts, and, with help, Raphael learns a little of the darker side of reality. After a fight with a "friend of Damon's family," Raphael loses a leg in a car accident and disappears to Spokane Washington to "adjust" and discovers the underside of society in what he calls "the Losers." The welfare recipients, the bums, the motorcycle gangs ... the generally recognized dregs of society he watches from the flat rooftop of his aparternnt. Eventually, Damon finds Rafe and when Rafe, in passing, mentions his hobby of watching the Losers and trying to understand what passes for purpose in their lives, Damon begins to intervene. Unfortunately, this is not done with the intent of helping, whatever outward appearances may The Losers is interestmg in that it shouldn't be described as "fantasy"; there was no magic, no alternate reality, no funny little talking creatures from myth and legend. It is simply "a novel." The characterization was quite good for everyone, especially Raphael. However, in many ways, Damon is the more interesting character, in that Rapahel is unable to "pin him down" on account of the fact that he is so unstable and has several personality "quirks" which grant him greater depth than one might expect. Eventually we discover why he enjoys lying so much and why he sometimes calIs Raphael "Gabriel." The pacing is good, though there are times where it is a bit slow. Overall, The Losers is definately worth its $5.99 cover price; it is a book that leaves you thinking, and the next time you see someone in the grocery line paying with food stamps you might be a little less quick to judge ... -Clint Zehner Eddings, David. The Shining Ones. New York: Ballantine BookslDel Rey, 1993,470 p., cloth, $22; ISBN 0-345-37322-7. THE TAMUU #2. 52

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SFRA Revlew'208, November/December 1993 The Shining Ones was the only science fiction or fantasy book on the library's new bookshelf, so I took it though, only a few days before, I had found my much-delayed reading of Edding;' three volumes of THE ELENIUM disappointing. The plot and characters of this new book were so similar to those of his earlier BELGARIAD and MALLOREAN sagas that the changes he had made to create novelty were scarcely noticeable. The crises on the heels of crises were, for me, more soporific than exciting. I found that, though I'd skipped Book One, it didn't much matter, and that Book Two was more pleasant reading than the ELENIUM sequence. By Book Two of that series, Eddings was mOVIng away from familiar patterns to add new plot possibilities and expand the actiVIties of major characters. EhIana becomes a female Machiavelli. Bhullion, this series' version of the BELGARlAD'S Orb of Aldur, was an inert object in the ELENIUM, but here assumes a personality and reacts as well as acts. A background character is revealed as a major villain. Three or four other gods appear in addition to the ubiquitous Flute!Aphrael, and they further plot development. While The Shining Ones gave me a satisfactory evening, I'll wait for the third volume of the series, rather than search for Book One. I'd rather see an author expand his imagination than imitate his earlier work. -Paula M. Strain Forward, Robert L. Camelot JOK New York: TOR, A Tom Doherty Associates Book, September 1993, 308 p. + unnumbered appendix, cloth, $20.95; ISBN 0-312-85215-0. With his retirement from the world of the "mundane" (in actuality, for Forward, not mundane at all, being a physicist), Forward's literary output has increased tremendously. And with his increased literary time comes increased literary prowess. In this latest tale, it is the future. Humans have discovered a race of aliens living on a cometary body out beyond Pluto. Of course, it's cold out there, and these aliens live at 30 degrees above absolute zero. And also in a Forward tradition, these aliens, called Keracks, living on Ice, are tiny being;. ... in the best Smith/Campbell tradition" is definitely how Forward writes. This story starts out with exploration and contact with an alien species. Unfortunately for the layreader like me, the science near the end gets a little complicated. Something about fusion bombs, fizzle bombs, the penodic table of elements, and thing; going BOOM! I got lost in the science ... but only if I tried to follow it. In the tradition of the SF reader, willful suspension of disbelief (like accepting "subspace field compression" as the answer to everything in Star Trek) allowed me to ignore the science I didn't understand and follow the story which was delightful. Along the way, we discover the similarities of Camalor, as the keracks call their city, to the mythical Camelot of old Earth lore. A totally enjoyable book and recommended for Forward followers, science students, and hardcore SF readers. -Daryl F. Mallett 53

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SFRA Rene ... '208, November/December 1993 Forward. Robert L. Timemaster. New York: TOR, A Tom Doherty Associates Book. 1992.306 p . paper. $5.99; ISBN 0-812-51644-3. Harold Randolph Hunter (HRH to his most loyal employee) had four goals: "to be the best horseman in the world ... the richest and most important man in the solar system ... to explore the stars ... [and] to live forever." He also wants to marry Rosita Carmelita Cortez. Except for living forever. in the time-scheme of Timemaster. HRH accomplishes all of his goals. Timemaster is "hard-core SF in the best Smitlv'Campbell tradition" as the blurb from Arthur C. Clarke has it. and it offers a plethora of plausible devices for interstellar space travel. time travel. mutiple existences. and other nifty stuff. Still. for vertically challenged people like me. Timemaster is most fun as an unapologetic power fantasy a guy 4' 11" tall. who does get it all. And readers can get it all vicariously. if we Identify with a short. white male who starts out very rich-"HRH" as "His Royal Highness"--and soon gets obscenely rich and then moves on to pornographically rich: Earth's first trillionaire. Oh. and he's also well-hung ... For taller folk. Timemaster is an interesting redaction of the life of Robert Forward's ultimate boss for thirty-one years. Howard [Robert] Hughes. another "HRH." Randy Hunter admires Hughes and imitates Hughes. but manages to avoid Hughes' failures. in part by having three incarnations of himself to not only save himself from a deadly enemy. but also go adventuring while living the life of a loving husband and father. Timemaster. then. is simultaneously a highly sophisticated exercise in speculative physics and an utter fantasy of wish-fulfillment: arguably a classic case of "hard-core SF in the best Smitlv'Campbell tradition." Recommended for large library collections. students of hard SF. and anyone interested in the popularization of cutting-edge scientific speculation. -Richard D. Erlich [See also Daryl F. Mallett's review in SFRAR #206. -Ed.] Friesner. Esther. Majyk by Accldent. New York: Ace Books. August 1993. 282 p .. paper. $4.99; ISBN 0-441-51376-X. Friesner's wonderful sense of humor strikes again in this delightful tale. Kendar Gangle. like his name indicates. is a bumbling fool in a wizard's academy. Called "Ratwhacker" for a reason. he is assigned the duties of rat killing while the household is on deathwatch for their master. When something large shoots out of the rathole in the kitchen. gives chase. and both creatures plunge through the master's magyk. inhenting it all. The "rat" turns out to be Scandal. feline lifeform from our Earth. now able to talk and give off magyk. The characters are believable and fun. the pace is fast and furious. and a good time resides between these two covers. Scandal serves as Esther's P.O.V .. with marvelous phrases like. "Kill him. Kill him very dead." "Nice kitty. You told me that already." "You bet I did. But I still see him wasting oxygen." A caustic wit. And the scary thing is ... Friesner's husband and I are related ... So that's where I get my sense of humor ... -Daryl F. Mallett 54

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SFRA Revle" '208, November/December 1993 Hodgell, P. C. Bones. Eugene, OR: Hypatia Press (360 W. First; 97401; 503/485-0947),1993,40 p., paper, $10.00; no ISBN. Hodgell, P. C. Child of Darkness. Eugene, OR: Hypatia Press, 1993, 39 p., paper, $10.00; no ISBN. Hodgell was one of a number of fine new fantasy writers who came on the scene in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Her first novel, Godstalk (1982), received excellent reviews and was followed by a second, equally well regarded volume, Dark of the Moon (1985). Both novels and the handful of short stories that saw publication at about the same time concerned the adventures of Jame, a ghost-haunted, possibly damned young woman in a complex fantasy world vaguely reminiscent of Fritz Leiber's Lankhmar and Mervyn Peake's Gormenghast. In the mid-1980s, however, her third novel delayed by the necessity of finishing a Ph.D. dissertation, Hodgell found herself without a publisher. Atheneum, which brought out the first two novels, had drastically cut back their fantasy line and other publishers were reluctant to pick up a series in midstream, particularly one, no matter how widely praised, by a writer who couldn't be counted on to bring out something new every six months or so. Hodgell's fans will be pleased to know that Hypatia Press will be publishing the third JAME novel, Seeker's Mask, in late 1993. In the meantime, they've made two early JAME stories available again for the first time in nearly a decade. Child of Darkness was first published in the second volume of THE BERKLEY SHOWCASE anthology series in 1980. Bones originally appeared in the third volume of Terri Wind ling's much praised ELSEWHERE fantasy series in 1984. The latter story takes place during Jame's time in the god-haunted city of Tai-Tastigon, scene of Godstalk. and concerns her frantic attempt to save her employer, the master thief Penari, from a particularly gruesome form of retribution from beyond the grave. The former tale, Child of Darkness, is the only JAME story yet published set on an alternate universe college campus where students who fail tests undergo torture and where the university quad provides entry into at least two different versions of the Underworld. Both Child of Darkness and Bones feature Hodgell's trademark gallows humor, eccentric character development, and breakneck pacing. Both chapbooks, and Seeker's Mask, which I've read in manuscript, are strongly recommended. -Michael M. Levy McCaffrey, Anne. The Chromdes of Pern: First FaD. New York: Ballantine BookslDel Rey, November 1993,306 p., cloth, $22; ISBn 0-345-36898-3. Four separate stories reporting events that occurred during the first twenty years of the colonization of Pern make the bulk of the book. The stories have the familiar ingredients and the competent writing McCaffrey fans expect. "Rescue Run," the fifth story, reports a separate event not on the timeline that McCaffrey supplies in opening pages. Although expanded and strengthened 55

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SFRA Revle" 1208, November/December 1993 from its first appearance as a magazine short story a couple of years back, it is the least likely of the five stories to hold dragonlover interests; it is also the clearest science fiction. -Paula M. Strain Neason, Rebecca. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Guises of the Mind New York, London: Pocket Books, September 1993,277 p., paper, $5.50; ISBN 0-671 -79831-6. STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION #27. Some of the books in this series are stellar; others are not. TIlls one falls somewhere between the two extremes. A planet is about to join the Federation, When Picard arrives to find the king uncertain and hostile, and then finds himself imprisoned. What's going on? Picard must find out, before he, Troi, and Mother Veronica are killed and the treaty with the Federation goes unsigned. Neason, an unknown quantity in SF before this book, does a good iob presenting our characters, but too much of the novel focuses on outside characters ... a nun, a king and his evil twin, his bride ... We are only offered glimpses of most of our characters, and even the two main characters, Picard and Troi, are sketchily addressed. Still, a good way to occupy an hour or two. -Daryl F. Mallett ScHOFIELD, SANDY. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: The Big Game. New York, London: Pocket Books, November 1993, 276 p., paper, $5.50; ISBN 0671-88030-6. STAR TREK: DEEP SPACE NINE #4. Pocket Books and Paramount Pictures keep milking their cash cow. STAR TREK: DEEP SPACE NINE continues with Book Four in the series, this one by newcomer Schofield, actually a pseudonym, admitted to by Dean Wesley Smith and Kristine Kathryn Rusch, editors of Pulphouse and The Magazine of Fantasy & Science Fiction fame. If they hadn't come forth, though, the dedication "to Nina" (Kiriki Hoffman), and embedded textual references to the (Jerry & Kathy) Oltion system and the Hoffman system would have given away at least the geographical location (Oregon) of the writerCs). And while these two may hide behind a new name, but the writing is definitely pro quality. Quark is hosting the quadrant'S biggest poker tournament. Scoundrels and rapscallions from the universe over have gathered at DS9. Following in Peter David's marvelous style of resurrecting old familiar faces, here we see such rascals as the Ferengi Grand Nagus, Lursa and B'Etor, Berlinghoff Rasmussen (the scientist from the past, played by Max Headroom actor Matt Frewer) ... only Vash and Q seem to have been missing, and the passing reference to Riker's absence... All is well until the murders begin ... Oh, and the continual power drain on the station by unknown sources, and the hostilities between Cardassians and Bajorans. This book is thoroughly engrossing, keeping the reader interested and involved. We are drawn in as we watch Odo learn to play poker, wait to see 56

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SFRA Review 1208, lIovember/December 1993 who will win the tournament, follow the adventures of Nog and Jake, and try to avoid war between the two races. A great book by two good writers, and a wonderful addition to this new series. -Daryl F. Mallett Sheffield, Charles. Dancing v.:ith MyseJl New York: Baen Books, September 1993,366 p., paper, $4.99, ISBN 0-671-72185-2. Lovers of hard science fiction, have I got a book for you! Charles Sheffield's Dancing with MyseJfis a collection of eleven short stories interspersed with five articles on various aspects of science. The short stories range from the four-page "Seventeen Year Locusts" and "C-Change" to the novella "The Courts of Xanadu." All of the stories are science fiction with an emphasis on the word "science." I survived as a physics major in college, and some of the "real" science was above me ... but I truly enjoyed the stories. For example, the first story, "Out of Copyright" is based on the idea of companies taking genetic material from various scientific greats (who died more than 75 years ago), cloning them, educating them as they grow-up and hoping to have a positive return on their investment in terms of new technology generation ... however, non-scientists can be cloned for other purposes ... Other stories include a bike race in space ("The Grand Tour"), the possibilities of messages left by aliens in places they can't be missed ("The Double Spiral Staircase"), and a genetic/nanotechnology experiment with unexpected results ("Dancing With Myself'), to name a few. The articles range from numbers, infinities, and the nature of Man ("Counting Up") to quantum mechanics ("Oassical Nightmares ... and Quantum Paradoxes")-which does get too esoteric for most casual readers-to a look at chaos theory ("The Unlicked Bear Whelp"). The characterization in Dancing with MyseJfis not the greatest and, if one is not familiar with many scientists, it may be hard to identify with the characters, however the concepts behind the stories are fantastic. If your background is in a "hard" science, chances are that you will enjoy this anthology. Otherwise, the science may just overwhelm the fiction. -Clint Zehner Stabenow, Dana. A Handful of Stars. New York: Ace Books, December 1991,215 p., paper, $3.99; ISBN 0-441-31615-8. In Stabenow's earlier novel, Second Star, protagonist Svensdotter managed to build an L5 colony, see it through to independence from Earth, lose a perfidious lover, and see her best friend die in battle. Heinlein's The Moon is a Harsh Mistress was the obvious model not only in plot but, unfortunately, in characterization. Heinlein is the only writer who could vitalize those stock Analogjollyoptimistic engineers. Stabenow does a significantly worse job of it than even Robert L. Forward. Frighteningly bad writing! Even a worse problem, if that's possible, is that the book has no real plot. Svensdotter, eight months pregnant, is given command of the L5 57

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SFRA Revie" 1208, lIovember/December 1993 nation's expedition to the asteroid belt (i.e., Old West mining camps) to compete with Earth's megacorporations for the mineral wealth. Thing; happen. She meets a child cobbled together from her and her villainous lover's DNA. Her second in command fought against the revolution. There's a plague on Ceres and miners are being locked out of the main city. Star has twins. By the time she comes to, her fearless engineers have cured the plague, five pages later. The book just chug; along like that, offering one itty bitty crisis after another, none developed. Stabenow seems to think that the characters' senses of humor (rather less subtle than elephants mating) will carry the novel. Wrong. Possibly the worst published book of 1991. -Bill Collins Stirling, S. M. & David Drake. The General New York: Baen Books, February 1991, 323 p., paper, $4.50; ISBN 0-671-72037-6. THE FORGE #1. Eleven centuries after the last faster-than-light contact with the rest of the galaxy, the planet Bellview is a mere remnant of the highly developed, technological civilization it once was. The gradual decay of society has left the world with a few electrical generators and a smattering of gas-fueled armored dune buggies, but few other remnants of its former glory. Weaponry is Civil War vintage: cannons, muskets, and carbines. Instead of horses, enormous dogs are the primary source of transport and muscle. The surviving political power blocks are decidedly racist. The Civil Government has a Boer/white settler mentality. The Skinners are seen as breech-clothed, bronzed savages, the Islamic coalition are known as "rag-heads," and blacks are derisively referred to as "wogs." Slavery is endemic and accepted. The Civil Government's theology is essentially computer worship and other groups' religions are stereotyped along racial lines. While exploring the catacombs beneath the capital city of Bellview, Stirling and Drake's title character, Captain Raj Whitehall, a twenty five year old nobleman in the service of the Civil Government, comes across a long forgotten, sentient battle computer. The computer somehow fuses with Ral' making him, in effect, its Human extension. Aided by his inner ally, or "ange" as he calls the computer, Raj now possesses unparalleled military genius. He sets out to unite Bellview under the Civil Government as the first step on the road to a return to the stars. What ensues is a tale of nation building. Stirling and Drake's idea of nationhood, we soon discover, develops out of war. Their strategy and tactics remind me of several Civil War battles. In fact, I've not read such compelling battlefield action since Michael Shaara's The Killer Angels. There is also plenty of explicit violence which, like the book's racism, won't be to everyone's taste, but which is entirely appropriate to the tone the work at hand. The only major criticism of The General involves the book's murky, computer-centered theology and the way computer components are treated like icons and amulets. It beggars credibility that people who could transit the stars would fall to such a uniform level of superstition and ignorance without having first undergone some apocalyptic, planet-leveling experience. In spite of this problem, the book's pluses more than compensate. I eagerly await the general's next campaign. 58

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SFRA Revlew'208, November/December 1993 -Gordon Satorius Strieber. Whitley. The Wild New York: Tor. April 1991. 378 p. paper. $5.95; ISBN 0-812-51277-4. Reworking; of the werewolf mythos have been popular of late. some memorable titles including McCammon's The Wolfs Hour, Sackett's Mark of the Werewolf, and Somtow's Moon Dance. Strieber's latest addition to the werewolf pantheon. however. falls short of the vision achieved not only by these novels but by his own earlier werewolf treatment. The Woffen--in addition to being a disappointment after the excellent psychological thriller. BiUy. In The Wild, Strieber's premise is that the noble savagery of the "wolf clan" is being wiped out by Man in his infinite wisdom. forcing the clan to retaliate by seducing Humans into wolf form "to gain the power of the Human mind" for the pack. All of this is revealed by the "last of the Mohicans." Joe Running Fox. who conveniently appears two-thirds of the way into the novel to supposedly bring some sense to a pretty senseless plot. In this case. the wolves could've chosen better. In Human form. Robert Duke is an overweight, simpering computer consultant on the verge of financial ruin. In his wolf form thing; don't change much: first he is nearly sacrificed in a voodoo ritual at he city pound. then later is forced into sexual submission by a wolf pack at the Canadian border. Duke's volatile "hawk" wife Cindy and precocious "owl boy" son Kevin (whose relentless evocations of Kafka's Metamorphosis are the fictive equivalent of being beaten with a club) only complicate matters as they melodramatically abandon city life to track the transformed Bob Duke. aided by their drunken but well-meaning Indian guide. To be fair. some of the wolf scenes are moderately readable, but this doesn't compensate for the author making every Human in his novel appear a fool. Further. Strieber writes himself into a corner where he must finally transform both mother and son into wolves too-the alternative being returning them to Manhattan. where they're financially sunk and living in the street as well as being husbandless and fatherless. Thus the reader is left (instead of experiencing the closure and apotheosis Strieber evidently intends) feeling that the already-shaky plot has just given up and died under the weight ofthis final affront to Humanity. ---Joseph M. Dudley Tepper. Sheri. A Plague of Angels. New York: Bantam Books. October 1993. p . cloth. $21.95; ISBN 0-553-09513-7. A Plague of Angels has ingredients frequently used in science fiction: a country-bred hero who seeks adventure in the city; an orphaned heroine who grows up innocent of the world but wise in Human relations. The place is. perhaps. a part of the American Southwest. but the time is generations after the establishment of space stations and Man's remembered hegira to the stars. The city is a place of squalor and gang;; the country. one of self-sufficient 59

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SFRA Review'208, November/December 1993 farms and villages. In the remaining place of lfusionl Power, four clans cooperate to build a shuttle to again reach the abandoned space station. The female head of the Ellel Oan, in her struggle for political power, has discovered and learned to control relict weaponry, the android walkers. Such commonplace elements will trouble few readers because Tepper has added more unusual ones. There are mythic ones---coyotes and bears that talk and may cooperate with humans, griffins that have long memories; giants, wyverns, and manticores that walk the wilderness. There are archetypes-the Oracle, the Bastard, the Poet and his Spinster Sister. Tepper also has interesting variations on some of today's problems. In Manland, the enviornment is protected by the Sisters to the Trees, animals by Animal Masters, and the soil by Guardians. Population is controlled by drug caused epidemics that depopulate the cities, or by the mild separation of the sexes practiced in the territory of Artemisia. Women leaders come in several varieties: the mad witch of the Ellel Oan; the kindly Farmwife Suttle of Wise Rocks Farm; the information-seeking librarian, Arakny. The angels of the title are comparatively unimportant: a bird-beaked guardian angel accompanies the heroine. There are three carved stone thrones in Gibbi (or Angel) House. (The dictionary reminds us that "thrones" are also an order of angels.) Tepper has always been an author who holds and delights her readers' attention, from her paperbacks ofthe late 1970s and early 1980s right through her justly acclaimed Grass and Beauty. She holds it here as well. Only after the book is closed, does the long-memoried reader think, "That was very good-but I've read stories like it before. Will I want to re-read it? Maybe." -Paula M. Strain Tsang, Eric. The Solar W.tiJd. Sussex, England: The Book Guild, September 1991,134 p., cloth, .95; ISBN 0-86332-617-X. The Book Guild is basically a vanity publisher. While one always hopes that a real publisher has made a mistake and passed up a goody, it rarely happens. It hasn't happened this time. Some children of thirteen are capable of producing far better than what is offered up here. It hasn't even got a coherent plot. It is set in 2532. Earth is uninhabitable. Mankind has fled to the planets. Venus is ruled by a wizened gnome-a robber baron who acts like a small child, killing anyone who thwarts his plans to rule the universe. The scientists and the goodies are all on the Moon. There is an odd mix of personnel-I hesitate to call them characters-two of whom are "identical twins," one of whom is comatose but can comunicate telepathically with her brother, has out-of-bodyexperiences and can forsee the future. The Baron, as a first step to conquest, sets up a colony in Antarctica, then sends out bulldozers to dig up precious relics from the past. He also conjures up a (scientifically implausible) solar wind to destroy all the important people from all nations who all happen to have been foolish enough to be racing in their space yachts. Only the twins can save them. And, by the way, someone has detected an alien vessel heading for Earth at an impossible speed and it is due to arrive in about six years' time. 60

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SFRA Rene,,'208, November/December 1993 Not only is the plot unbelievable, the characterization nonexistant, the science very suspect, but the style is uninteresting. There is nothing in this book that could force me to give any kind ofrecomendation for it whatsoever. -Pauline Morgan Wisniewski, David. Rain Player. New York: Oarion Books, 1991, unpaginated, cloth, $15.95; ISBN 0-395-55112-9. Mythology has long been a staple of children's picture-books, most often the tried-and-true stable of Greek and Roman gods and goddesses. In the past twenty or so years, however, new pantheons have begun to yield up their rich lodes of stories to writers and illustrators, among them the nature deities of South America. Fatalistic and bloody, Mayan culture is not an obvious choice for a picture-book writer who wants to do justice to his subject, but Wisniewski has managed to find a Mayan myth in which an individual questions the will of the gods and lives to tell the tale. The boy Pile is a skillful player of pok-a-tok. which looks from the illustrations like a cross between soccer and basketball. When the rain god, Chac, decrees a year's drought, Pile boasts that if he were an elder, he'd force Chac to bring the rains. Chac overhears and challenges Pile to a game of pok-a-tok If Pile wins, Chac will make it rain. If Chac wins, Pile will spend the rest of his life as a frog. The text is not the primary reason to buy this book. Despite the cast of jajlars, quetzals, gods, and talking rivers, both story and language are predictable and pedestrian. The pictures, on the other hand, are Wisniewski has painted, cut out, and assembled fourteen three-dimensional collages full of swirling dust, floating feathers, and splashing water. The dust is perhaps the least happy of the special effects, looking more like fire than anything else, but it is remarkable the movement, shading, and depth WISniewski has been able to suggest using colored paper, an exacto knife, and foam tape. -Delia Sherman Wolverton, Dave. Serpent Catch. New York: Bantam Spectra, May 1991, 418 p., paper, $4.99; ISBN 0-55--2898--7. Wolverton burst upon the SF scene with "On My Way to Paradise," which won the 1986 Writers of the Future Contest. A richly textured, slightly cyberpunkish tale set in a believable 21st century South American milieu, it later reappeared as the opening of Wolverton's first novel, also titled On My Way to Paradise (I989). The book, however, was slightly disappointing. Most of the new material, although competently written, read like a rehash of Orson Scott Card's Ender's Game (I 984). Serpent Catch, Wolverton's new novel, has an intriguing premise. In 2866 A.D., paleontol0sists turned the terraformed moon Anee, some 2,000 light years from Earth, mto a zoo, providing one continent each for recreated versions of Earth's Jurassic, Miocene and Pliocene flora and fauna, including Neanderthals. To keep the species isolated from each other, they created 61

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SFRA Review 1208, November/December 1993 guardians-dragons and sea serpents-which were programmed to prevent any lifeform from swimming or flying to another continent. Two hundred years later, however, the paleontologists were attacked by the alien Eridani who destroyed all Human spacecraft in the system. The few remaining Humans, stranded on Anee's surface, gradually sank to barbarism. Factions developed as some of the former scientists, the Slave Lords, chose to subjugate the Neanderthal population, while other Human groups treated the Neanderthals as equals. Now, centuries later, only traces of high technology remain, and most of the members of Anee's two sentient Human species regard it, essentially, as magic. As the novel opens, we are introduced to a varied cast of characters, among them Tull, a talented but self-doubting HumanlNeanderthal cross breed; Scandal. the lusty and loud-mouthed Human innkeeper; and Phylomon the Starfarer, nearly immortal and one of the few original survivors of the Eridani disaster. We soon learn that the sea serpents which protect the local coastline are dying off, and this will allow dinosaurs from another continent to cross the sea, thus endangering the Human population. Scandal therefore recruits Tull and others to go on a quest for baby serpents to replace those that have died. Many adventures await them, including encounters with dangerous animals, carnivorous sub-Humans, and, most deadly of all, the minions of the Slave Lords themselves. Serpent Catch does not represent an improvement over On My Way to Paradise, in part because Wolverton still lacks much sense of plot development at novel length. In his first book, he fleshed thing; out by sending his characters through endless battle simulations, far exceeding the space that Card had devoted to similar material in Ender's Game. In Serpent Catch, we get a picaresque plotline, one where encounters occur seemingly at random and coincidence abounds. Some events are powerfully rendered, but others are confusing and of uncertain purpose. None of the characters is particularly likeable, competent, or believable. When Phylomon the Starfarer first appears in town, one of his earliest acts is to arbitrarily execute half a dozen people who may have been involved in selling slaves. He chooses his victims, however, solely on the word of the slaves themselves, at least one of whom may have been a liar. Later, after sneaking up on villains who plan to ambush the questers, Phylomon pretty much allows himself to be shot before fighting back. Why he does this, we don't know. In any case, if Wolverton's purpose was to provide a Gandalf to match Tull's Frodo, he fails miserably. To mention yet another weakness, much of Tull's character is predicated upon his having been an abused child, but Wolverton demonstrates little insight into the many ways in which such abuse affects a family. Tull's father, we are told, is simply evil. His mother, herself an abuse victim, is simply a madwoman, unworthy of much sympathy. None of Wolverton's characters have any real insight into the Human condition, and I found myself unable to believe in the reality of most of their interactions. Finally, and perhaps least forgivably in an adventure novel, Serpent Catch is very slow reading. I found the book both easy to put down and difficult to finish. Wolverton may live up to his initial promise in the future, but this novel probably hasn't advanced his reputation. -Michael M. Levy [See also Daryl F. Mallett's review, SFRAR#189. -Ed.] 62

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SFRA Rerie ... '208,lIovember/December 1993 Wood, Bridget. Wolfking. London: Headline, March 1991, 376 p., cloth, .95; ISBN 0-7472-0290-7. This is Wood's first fantasy novel and is a very competent effort while containing some standard plot elements. It is set both in the future and in Ireland's mythic past and the cross-over is handled far better and more plausibly than by any others who have chosen similar themes. Joanna lives in a world that has been devastated by nuclear warfare and, in the few generations since the Apocalypse, the survivors have created myths about the time before, the age of the Lethians. They see the devastation as a punishment, especially for fornication. Joanna has fallen in love with Flynn but her father sells her to Brian Muldoony, a gross pig farmer. Naturally, Joanna dislikes this man, and runs away from him seeking refuge with Flynn. Familiar ideas so far, but it does improve. In the Glowing Lands, where the bombs fell, the radiation has weakened the Time Curtain. In order to hide from her father and Muldoony, and to protect Flynn, Joanna flees into the Glowing Lands and is drawn back in time to when Tara was bright and the High King, Cormac, was in exile, Queen Mab having seized his throne on behalf of her son. Flynn, Amairgen, and the mutant Portan, follow Joanna in order to bring her back. They unwittingly take her father and Muldoony with them. In the past, all these characters become bound up in the struggle that is taking place between Cormac and Mab. Without these intruders, the novel would otherwise become a retelling of legend. Wood has tried to make the book more than this and, to a certain extent, has succeeded. Fortunately, the culture shock of the characters from the future is reduced because they come from an agrarian society and because of the magic that enfolds them. Even Muldoony, painted at the start as a repulsive man, finds a kind of redemption. -Pauline Morgan [See also Paula Strain's review, this issue. -Ed.] Wood, Bridget. Wolfking. New York: Del Rey Books, 1991. 614 p., paper, $10; ISBN 0-345-37626-9. Wood has made effective use of Irish legend in fashioning an entertaining, if comfortably predictable, quest fantasy. In a post-nuclear holocaust Ireland, young Finn O'Connor travels back in time (through the portal of the Glowing Lands) to the Ireland of myth in search of his beloved Joanna Grady. There, she becomes the mistress of Cormac the Woltking (the banished rightful ruler), whom she helps regain his crown. Flynn has the requisite helpers in his search for his lx:loved. The most interesting of these is a mutant girl named Portan and a pig farmer named Muldooney. The latter begins as the relatively wealthy but despicable man to whom Joanna is unfeelingly betrothed by her greedy father. He ends up quite heroic. The searchers encounter the expected monsters, the worst of whom is the dreaded Erl-king. To no reader's surprise, the monsters are defeated and the lovers united. 63

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SFRA Revle" 1208, lIovember/December 1993 If the Irish legends are the strong point of the novel, Wood's prose is its weak point. She just does not have the language to evoke the foulness of her monsters or the JOY of the young lovers. In addition, she settles for a tale of adventure, failing to develop the philosophic implications (for example) of Cormac's dual nature. Mildly recommended. Disappointing Second Novel -Paula M. Strain [See also Pauline Morgan's review, this issue. -Ed.] Wylie, Jonathan. Dream Weaver. London: Corgi, August 1991, 655 p., paper, .99; ISBN O-SS2-137S7-X. Despite its massive size, this is a refreshing change. Wylie has moved away from the fantasy world of the previous two trilogies, thus shaking off some of the constraints that had grown into the conception. This is good because the authors (Jonathan Wylie is a pseudonym of the husband-and-wife team of Mark and Julia Smith) have developed their storytelling skills since that first book The First Named, volume one in the SERVANTS OF ARK TRILOGY. They have also learned to better develop character, though their focal characters are still young people in or not long out of adolescence. The principle characters here are Rebecca, only daughter of the Baron of Edge, her friend Emer and Galen, Emer's paramour. 'The two girls are very different in temperament (almost conventionally so), Rebecca being quiet and restrained, while Emer is headstrong and rebellious. The castle of Edge is situated on the shore of a vast sea of salt crystals. Thousands of years ago, the salt had buried a city-a cross between Sodom and Gormorrah and Atlantis. The story begins when Rebecca is informed by her father that she is to be married. Not only does she object to this on principle, but the rumors she has heard about her intended do not inspire trust. The moment she meets him seem to justify her doubts. In an attempt to get out of the proposed marriage, Rebecca discovers an old custom. The groom, Cranne, must win his bride in a public chess game, something which annoys him, but he is assured is merely a formality. Rebecca needs to make sure that Cranne loses, but that it should seem to be an accident. Between them, she, Galen and Emer rig up a series of signals so that she, as the queen to be captured, can direct Galen, as the queen's Champion, on the moves to make. When their plans seem to be going wrong, something else seems to take over-Rebecca falls into a trance and linked with Galen, and Emer causes the desired outcome. This is a signal for the start of far more sinister events. Cranne and his father, defeated in this particular plan to take control ofthe Castle, forment open rebellion against the king; Galen, forced to flee from Cranne's wrath at the end of the game, agrees to become a spy and cross the salt as an archeologist; Rebecca explores the dreams she has been having since a child and discovers the magic in them. Partly, this magic is the ability to shape events and partly it allows her to gather information that she needs to solve the problems that beset her world. Although Dreamweaver has familiar elements-good versus evil, riddles to solve, romance, cyclical history, it also has its delightful moments. 64

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SFRA Rene,,'208, lIo'Yember/December 1993 The whole book may be classed as a good read. It has pace, the plot is sufficiently complex to satisfy most readers, and, although there may not be a great deal of depth to it, it leaves a satisfying aftertaste. -Pauline Morgan 65

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S'RA Rerie" 1208, Kovember/December 1993 IN :MEMO:J{I;f:M: Evelyn Karloff. wife of Boris Karloff. d. 6/1/1993 Bernard Bresslaw. actor. d. 6/11/1993 James Donald. actor. d. 8/3/1993 Ken England. screenwriter. d. 8/10/1993 Ralph P. 'Wattley. art director. d. 8/12/1993 Chandler Brossard. editor. d. 8131/1993 Kathryn Beth Willig. fan. d. 9n/1993 Lenore Marie Nier._poet. d. 9/12/1993 Walter Kubiliw. writer & Futurian. 1918-9/22/1993 Eunice J. Searles. actress. 11/28/1926-9/28/1993

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SFRA R"rl"., 1208, November/December 1993 1883 BFRA REVIEWINDEX AIlICLE InDH: "A Bird's Eye View of Romaninan Science Fiction." (Robu) 204 "Oaims-Making in Artificial Intelligence Research." (Miller) 208 "Defending Our lives (As Science Fiction Critics)." (Westfahl) 205 "On Science Fiction Fans." (Westfahl) 207 "Science Fiction: The Unknown Genre." (Westfahl) 203 "The Urban Pastoral and Labored Ease of Samuel R Delany." (Hassler) 206 mlBCfLLRnlllnDH: Oass Structure: "ENLT 378-01: Science Fiction." (Becker) 205 Oass Structure: "MTL 201: The Vampire in Horror literature and Film." (Latham) 204 Describing This Beautiful and Nasty Planet: A Conversation with Doris Lessing Ongersoll) 206 Romanian Magazines & Fanzines (Robu)206 AUTHOR RfYlEW InOEl: A iib Hugh. Dafydd & SFW A. 1993 SFWA Directory. (Mallett) 204(M) Abella. Alex. The KiUing of the Saints. (Marx) 207 Adams. Bill & Cecil Brooks. The Unwound Way. (posner) 207 Adams. Douglas. Most/v Harmless. (Holcomb) 205 Adams. Leigh. Ronald V. Borst & Keith Burns. eds. Graven Images: The Best of Horror, Fantasy. and Science Fiction Film Art. (Barron) 204 Aikin. Jim. The WaD at the Edge of the World (Humphrey) 205 Albright. Alex. ed. North Carolina literary Review, Vol 1:2. (Mallett) 207 Alcott. Louisa May. LouEa May Alcott's Fairy Tales and Fantasy Stories. (Stevens) 204 Aldiss. Brian W. Dracula Unbound 207 Aldiss. The Work of Bdan W. Aldill: An Annotated Blbhography and Gwde. (Barron) 204 Allston. Aaron. Galatea in 2-D. (Zehner) 206 Anderson. Dana. Charles de Lint & Ray Garton. Cafe Purgaton'um: Three Novels of Horror and the Fantastic. (Collings) 205 Anderson. Douglas A. & Wayne G. Hammond. J.R.R. Tolkien: A Descdptive Bibliography. (Mathews) 205 Anderson. Karen & Poul. eds. The fV.iff!!t Fantastic. (Barnett) 203 Anderson. Poul & Karen. eds. The Njpd]t Fantastic. (Barnett) 203 Anthony. Piers. Tatham Mound (Mallett) 203 67

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SFRA Rene. 1208, lIovember/Deeember 1993 Anthony, Piers & Philip Jose Farmer. The CaterpiDar's Question. (Langer) 203 Anthony, Piers & Mercedes Lackey. Iff Pay Thee Not in Gold (Strain) 206 Arkoff, Sam & Richard Trubo. Hying Through HoUywood By the Seat of My Pants. (Hall) 203 Asimov, Isaac & Martin H. Greenberg, eds. The Great SF Stories #22 (1960). (Barnett) 203 Asimov, Isaac & Martin H. Greenberg, eds. The Great SF Stories #23 (1961). (Barnett) 203 Asprin, Robert. Another Fine Myth. (Baugh) 204(A) Asprin, Robert. The Bug War.s'. (presti) 205 Auerbach, Nina & U. C. Knoepflmacher, eds. Forbidden Journeys: Fairy Tales and Fantasies by Victorian Women Writer.s'. (Stevens) 203 Aveni, Anthony. Conver.s'ing with the Planets: How Science and Myth Invented the Cosmos. (Miller) 206 B Bacon-Smith, Camille. Enterprising Women. (Hellekson) 205 Bacon-Smith, Camille. Enterplfsing Women: Television Fandom and the Creation of Popular Myth. (Miller) 206 Barker, Clive. The ThiefofAlways. (Miller) 206 Barlow, R. H. & S. T. Joshi. On Lovecraft and life. (Collins) 204 Barlowe, Wayne Douglas, Ian Summers & Beth Meacham. &rlowe's Guide to Extraterrestriak. (Miller) 206 Battenfeld, Robert L. & William H. Roberson. Walter M Miller Jr.: A Bioblbhography. (Levy) 204 Baudino, Gael. Dragon Death: Dragonsword #3. (Strain) 203 Baxter, Stephen. Raft (Stevens) 203 Baxter, Stephen. TimeJike Infinity. (Hellekson) 207 Becker, Allienne R. The Lost Worlds Romance !Tom Dawn TiD Dusk. (Lupoft) 205(F) Bell, Douglas. Mojo and the Pickle Jar. (Tryforos) 207 Bell, M. Shayne. Nicojl: (Wooster) 207 Benton, Mike. Science Fiction Comics: The IUustrated History. (potts) 203 Benton, Mike. Superhero Comics of the Golden Age: The IUustrated History. (Latham) 203 Berberick, Nancy Varian. A Child of E1vish. (Wytenbroek) 203 Berger, Albert I. The Magic That Work: John W. CampbeU and the American Response to Technology. (Aldiss) 207(F) Berger, Albert I. The Magic That Work: John W. CampbeU and the American Response to Technology. (Westfahl) 207(F) Berger, Arthur Asa. Popular Culture Genres: Theories and Texts. (Miller) 206 Bertha, Csilla, Donald E. Morse & Marshall B. Tymn, eds. The CelebratJon of the Fantastic: Selected Paper.s' !Tom the Tenth Anniver.s'ary International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts. (Collings) 203 Bhat, Yashoda. Aldous Huxley and George OrweU: A ComparatJve Study of Satire in Their Novek. (Lewis) 204 Bill, Andrew. Enchantica: Wrath of the Ice Sorcerer. (Miller) 206 Bischoff, David. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Grounded (Mallett) 206 Bischoff, David & John DeChancie. Dr. DimensIOn. (Mallett) 206 Bishop, Michael, ed. Nebula Awards 25. (Sammons) 207 Bitstream. Rintstones Font Pack. (Mallett) 205(M) Bitstream. Jetsons Font Pack. (Mallett) 205(M) 68

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SFRA Rel"ie .... 208, November/December 1993 Bitstream. Looney Toons Font Pack. (Mallen) 205(M) Bitstream. Star Trek Font Pack. (Mallen) 205(M) Bitstream. Star Trek: The Next Generation Font Pack. (Mallett) 205(M) Blake, Michael F. Lon Chaney: The Man Behind the Thousand Faces. (Klossner) 205 Bloom, Harold, ed. Oassic Horror WriteJ:S'. (Barron) 206 Bohnhoff, Maya Kathryn. The Men: (Strain) 203 Borst, Ronald V., Keith Burns, & Leigh Adams, eds. Graven Images: The Best of Horror, Fantasy. and Science Fiction Film Art. (Barron) 204 Boston, Bruce & Robert Frazier. Chronicles of the Mutant Rain Forest. (Levy) 206 Bova, Ben. ChaUenges. (Collins) 205 Bredenberg. Jeff. The Dream Compass. (Mallen) 203 Bredenberg. Jeff. The Dream VesseL (Mallen) 203 Bretnor, Reginald. Of Force and Violence and Other Imponderables: Essays on War, Pohrics, and Government. (Burgess) 204 Brin, David. Glory Season. (Hellekson) 207 Brin. David. Glory Season. (Miller) 206 Brin. David. Glory Season. (Strain) 206 Brodien-Jones. Chris. The DreamkeepeJ:S'. (Cammilleri) 207 Brooks. Cecil & Bill Adams. The Unwound Way (posner) 207 BROOKS. SAMUEL I. Black Empire: Comprising the Black Internationale, Story of a Black GemiIs Against the World, and Black Empire, An Ima1Jinative Story of a Great New O'vilization in Modern Africa. (Pfeiffer) 206(1-<) Brosch. Robert. Horror, Science Fiction, Fantasy Movie PosteJ:S' & Lobby Cards, Volume 11 (Klossner) 206 Brosnan. John. The Primal Screen: A History of the Science Fiction Film. (Klossner) 203 Brown. Charles N. Locus: The Newspaper of the Science Fiction Field (Mallett) 204(M) Brown. Charles N. & William G. Contento. eds. Science Fiction, Fantasy. & Horror, 1991. (Barron) 203 Brugalette. Phillip. The Nine Gates. (Mallett) 203 Budrys. Aigis, ed. Tomorrow: Speculative Fiction. (Sanders) 204(M) Burns. Keith. Leigh Adams & Ronald V. Borst. eds. Graven Images: The Best of Horror. Fantasy. and Science Fiction Film Art. (Barron) 204 Busby. Keith. ed. The Arthurian Yearbook 11 (Sullivan) 204 Buns. Dennis, ed. Stories and Society: Childrens urerature in irs Social Context. (Levy) 204 C Carey. Diane. Star Trek: Best Destiny (Baugh) 204 Carey. Diane. Star Trek: Best Destiny (Baugh) 204(A) Carey. Diane. Star Trek: The Great StaJ:S'hip Race. (Mallett) 208 Carroll. Lewis. Jabberwocky. (Klossner) 208 Carter. Carmen. Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Devils Heart. (Mallett) 204 Carter. Carmen. Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Devils Heart. (Mallett) 204(A) Carter. Lin. Lovecrait: A Look Behind the Cthulhu Mythos. (Billy) 203 Cassiday. Bruce. ed. Modern Mystery; Fantasy. and Science Fiction WnreJ:S'. (Barron) 207 Cassutt. Michael. Mlos Mlo in Space: The International Space Year Edition. (Mallen) 207 69

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SFRA Revlew'208, lIovember/December 1993 Chadwick. Philip George. The Death Guard. (Bleiler) 206 Chalker. Jack L. & Mark The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Critical and Blbhographic History, 3rd Ed. (Reginald) 203(F) Chance. Jane. The Lord of the Rings: The Mythology of Power. (Attebery) 204 Charnas. Suzy McKee. The Kingdom of Kevin Malone. (Shovan) 207 Chase. Robert R CrUCIble. (Wooster) 207 Cherryh. C. J. The Goblin Mirror. (Sanders) 203 Chesbro. George C. The Fear in Yesterday's Rings. (Tryforos) 207 Chetwin. Grace. Friends in Time. (Sisco) 203 Oarke. Arthur C. How the World Was One: Beyond the Global ViUage. (Latham) 204 Oarke. I. F. VOICes Prophesying War: Future Wars, 1763-3749, Second EditIOn. (Wolfe) 204 Clayton. Jo. The Magic Wars. (Strain) 206 Clement. Hal. Fossil. (Hassler) 208 Clover. Carol J. Men, Women and Chain saws: Gender in the Modem Horror Film. (Klossner) 203 Clute. John. Lee Montgomerie & David Pringle. eds. Interzone: The Fifth Anthology. (Morgan) 207 Clute. John & Peter Nicholls. eds. The Encyclopedia of Science FictJon. (Barron) 205 Clute. John & Peter Nicholls. eds. The Encyclopedia of Science FictJon. (Mallett) 205 Cochran. Molly & Warren Murphy. The Forever King. (Strain) 203 Theodore R .. ed. PITFCS: Proceedings of the Institute for TwentyFirst Century Studies. (Mallett) 205 Cole. Damaris. Token of Dragons blood. (Becker) 203 Collins. David R. J. R. R. Tolkien: Master of Fantasy. (Mathews) 203 ComIC Art Studies. (Mallett) 20S(M) Contento. William G. & Charles N. Brown. eds. Science FictJon. Fantasy. {;I Horror. 1991. (Barron) 203 Cooper. Louise. Avatar. (Gardiner-Scott) 203 Cooper. Louise. The Pretender. (Gardiner-Scott) 203 Cooper. Louise. Troika. (Gardiner-Scott) 203 Cooper. Susan. The Boggart. (Camrnilleri) 205 Coville. Bruce. Jennifer Murdley's Toad. (Shovan) 203 Cox. Greg. The Transylvaman LIbrary: A Consumer's Gwde to Vampire FiCtion. (Albert) 205 Cox. J. Randolph. ed. TAD-SCHRlFT: Twenty Years of Mystery Fandom in The Armchair Detective. (Miller) 206 Cox. Jeffrey N .. ed. Seven GothIc Dramas. 1789-1825. (Billy) 204 Crispjl1' A. C. & Deborah A. Marshall. StarBridge, Book Four: Serpent's Gift (Wells) 203 Cunningham. Elizabeth. The Return of the Goddess: A Divine Comedy. (Strain) 205 D Dameron. Ned. Ned Dameron's Waste Lands Portfolio. (Albert) 205 Daniel. Tony. Warpath. (Strain) 207 Datlow. Ellen & Terri Wind ling. eds. Snow Mlite, Blood Red. (Sanders) 204 David. Peter. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: The Siege. (Mallett)204 David. Peter. Star Trek: The Next Generation: ImzadI: (Miller) 206 Dawson. Carl. Lafcadlo Hearn and the VisIon of Japan. (Lowentrout) 204 70

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SFRA ReFlew'208, Rovember/December 1993 de la Ree. Gerry & Virgil Finlay. Virgil Finlay's Women of the Ages. (Albert) 203 de lint. Charles. Dana Anderson & Ray Garton. Cafe Purgatorium: Three Novels of Horror and the Fantastic. (Colling;) 205 DeCarlo. Elisa. The Devil You.say. (Mallett) 205 DeChancie. John. Castle SpeUbound. (Becker) 205 DeChancie. John & David Bischoff. Dr. Dimension. (Mallett) 206 Dee. Ron. Descent. (Colling;) 207 Dee. Ron. Dusk (Colling;) 207 Deitz. Tom. Wordwri/lht. (Zehner) 206 Del Vecchio. Deborafi & Tom Johnson. Peter Cushing: The Gentle Man of Horror and HIS 91 Films. (Colling;) 204 Denning. Troy. The Verdant Passage. (Dudley) 204 Dickinson. Peter. AK (Becker) 203 Dietz. William C. Drifter's War. (Trowbridge) 205 Dillard. J. M. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: Emissary. (Mallett) 204 Dillard. J. M. Star Trek W: The UndIScovered Country. (Mallett) 203 Drake. David. The Jungle. (Stevens) 203 Drake. David & Bill Fawcett. eds. Battlestation. Book II: Vanguard. (Mead) 204 Drake. David & S. M. Stirling. The General (Satorius) 208 Druyan. Ann & Carl Sagan. Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors: A Search for Mlo We Are. (Miller) 206 Duane. Diane. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Dark Mirror. (Mallett) 208 Duncan. Jody & Don Shay. The Making of Jurassic Park. (Klossner) 206 E Edding;. David. The Losers. (Zehner) 208 David. The Shining Ones. (Strain) 208 Edelman. Scott. ed. Science Fiction Me. (Sanders) 204(M) Edgerton. Teresa. The Castle of the Silver Wheel (Gardiner-Scott) 205 Egan. Doris. Two-Bit Heroes. (Bog;tad) 207 Elkins. Charles L. & Martin H. Greenberg. eds. Robert Silverberg's Many Trapdoors: Critical Essays on HIS Science Fiction. (Taormina) 203 Emerson. Ru. The Craft of light. (Strain) 207 Emerson. Ru. One Land. One Duke. (Gardiner-Scott) 203 Ende. Michael. The Mght of WIShes. or. The .satanarchaeohdealcohe&h Notion Potion. (Dicks) 203 Escher. M. C. The Pop-Up Book of M C Escher. (Miller) 206 F Fancher. Diane. Groundties. (Bog;tad) 207 Farmer. Philip Jose. Rlders of the Purple Wage. (Chapman) 204 Farmer. Philip Jose & Piers Anthony. The CaterpiUar's Question. (Langer) 203 Fawcett. Bill & David Drake. eds. Battlestation, Book II: Vanguard. (Mead) 204 Fenn. Lionel. The Mark of the Moderately VlCIOUS Vampire. (Anglum) 203 Finlay. Virgil. Virgil Finlay's Strange Science. (Albert) 205 Finlay. Virgil & Gerry de !aRee. Virgil Finlay's Women of the Ages. (Albert) 203 Flood. Eloise & Bill McCay. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Chains of Command. (Mallett) 203 71

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SFRA Re1'le ... '208, lIoyember/December 1993 Flynn, John L. Cinematic Vampires: The Living Dead on Films and Television from The Devil's Casde (1896) to Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992). (Klossner) 208 Forward, Martha Dodson & Robert L. Forward. Marooned on Eden. (Mallett) 207 Forward, Robert L. Camelot 30K. (Mallett) 208 Forward, Robert L. Timemaster. (Mallett) 206 Forward, Robert L. & Julie Forward Fuller. Return to Rocheworld. (Mallett) 204 Forward, Robert L. & Martha Dodson Forward. Marooned on Eden. (Mallett) 207 Fowler, Karen Joy. Sarah Canary. 207 Fowler, Karen Joy. Sarah Canary. (Hellekson) 206 Frazier, Robert & Bruce Boston. Chromdes of the Mutant Rain Forest. (Levy) 206 Freas, Frank Kelly. Frank Kelly Freas Postcards. (Mallett) 204(M) Friedman, Michael Jan. Star Trek: Shadows on the Sun. (Zehner) 206 Friedman, Michael Jan. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Reh'cs. (Mallett) 203 Friesner, &ther. Majyk By Accident. (Mallett) 208 Fuller, Julie Forward & Robert L. Forward. Return to Rocheworld. (Mallett) 204 G Garda y Robertson, R The Spiral Dance. 207 Garton, Ray. Lot Lizards. (Satorius) 207 Garton, Ray, Charles de Lint & Dana Anderson. Cafe Purgatoriwn: Three Novels of Horror and the Fantastic. 205 Gascoigne, Toss, Jo Goodman, Margot Tyrrell, eds. Dream Time. (Sherman) 207 Gates, R Patrick. Tunnel (Satorius) 207 Gay, Anne. The Brooch of Azure Midm'ght. (MorEl.n) 207 Gear, W. Michael. Reqwem for the Conqueror. (Werbaneth) 207 Geary, Robert F. The Supernatural in Gothic Fiction: Horror, Belief. and Literary Change. (Heller) 204 Gentle, Mary. The Architecture of Desire. (Carley) 205 Gentle, Mary. The Architecture of Desire. (Morgan) 207 Gertler, Nat. E1fquest: New Blood #6: The Voluntary Chain. (Mallett) 206(M) Golden, Catherine, ed. The Captive Imagination: A Casebook on "The YeUow (Smith) 203 Goldstein, Lisa. Strange Devices of the Sun and Moon. (Strain) 204 Gonzales, Doreen. Madeleine L'Engle: Author of A WrinlcJe in Time. (Levy) 203 Goodman, Jo, Toss Gascoigne & Margot Tyrrell, eds. Dream Time. (Sherman) 207 Graf, L. A. Star Trek: Death Count. (Mallett) 203 Grant, John. Encyclopedia of Walt Animated Characters, Second Edition. (Klossner) 206 Gray, Alasdair. Poor From the Early Life of Archibald McCandless, MD., Public Health Ollicer. (Strain) 206 Graziunas, Daina & Jim Starlin. Lady El. (Ryan) 205 Green, Sharon. Silver Princess, Golden Km'ght. (Strain) 206 Greenberg, Martin H., ed. The Tom OancyCompamon. (Pierce) 203 72

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SFRA Revlew'208, November/December 1993 Greenberg. Martin H. & Isaac Asimov. eds. The Great SF Stories #22 (1960). (Barnett) 203 Greenbergy. Martin H. & Isaac Asimov. eds. The Great SF Stories #23 (1961), (Barnett) 203 Greenberg. Martin H. & Charles L. Elkins. eds. Robert Silverberg's Many Trapdoors: Critical &says on His Science Fiction. (Taormina) 203 Greenberg. Martin H. & Charles G. Waugh. eds. Back from the Dead. (Barnett) 203 Greenberg. Martin H. & Robert E. Weinberg. eds. Lovecralt's Legacy. (Morrison) 203 Greeno. Gayle. Finders-Seekers. (Strain) 207 Greensburg. Dan. Young Santa. (Amelinda) 207 Griffin. P. M . Andre Norton. w/Mary H. Staub &. Flight of Vengeance. (Strain) 204 Griffin. Peni R. Hobkin. (Schabel) 203 Guon. Ellen. Bedlam Boyz. (Mallett) 205 Gurney. James. Dinotopia: A Land Apart From Time. (Miller) 206 H Haggerty. George E. Gothic Fiction/Gothic Form. (Billy) 204 Haibium. Isidore. Specterworld (Carper) 207 Hall. Hal W. Science Fiction and Fantasy Book Review Index. Volume 20. 1989. (Mallett) 207 Hammond. J. R. H G. Wells and the Short Story. (Ruddick) 203 Hammond. Wayne G. & Douglas A Anderson. J.R.R Tolkien: A Descriptive B/bhography. (Mathews) 205 Hardy. David A & John Murray. The Fires Within: Volcanoes on Earth and Other Planets. (Morgan) 207 Hargreaves. Matthew D. Anne Inez McCaffrey: Forty Years of Publishing. An International Blbhography. (Barron) 205 Hartmann. William K . Andrei Sokolov. Ron Miller. & Vitaly Myagkov. eds. In the Stream of Stars: The Soviet/American Space Art Book. (Miller) 206 Hawke. Simon. Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Romulan Prize. (Mallett) 204 Haycock. Kate. Science Fiction Films. (Klossner) 203 Hazel. Paul. The Wealdwife's Tale. (Strain) 204 Heinlein. Robert A Friday. (Miller) 206(A) Heinlein. Robert A Take Back Your Government: A Practical Handbook for the Private Otizen W7Jo Wants Democracy to Work. (Oareson) 203 Heinlein. Robert A-Um'verse'Dean lng-Silent Thunder. (Smith) 207 Heller. Tamar. Dead Secrets: Wilkie Collins and the Female Gothic. (Sanders) 203 Henwood. Simon. The Troubled ViUage. (Amelinckx) 207 Herald. Diana Tixier & Betty Rosenberg. GenreDecting: A Gwde to Reading Interests in Genre Fiction. Third EditJon. (Reginald). 203 Herbert. Mary H. Lightning's Daughter. (Gardiner-Scott) 207 Hicken. Mandy & Ra'y Prytherch. Now Read On: A Guide to Contemporary Popular FictJon. (Barron) 203 Hilgartner. Beth. The Feast of the Trickster. (Blakeley) 207 Hirovuki. Kitazume & Aramaki Shinji. Genesis Swvivor Gaiarth-Stage I. (Sa no) 205 (V) Hodgell. P. C. Bones. (Levy) 208 Hodgell. P. C. Child of Darkness. (Levy)208 Hoffman. Nina Kiriki & Tad Williams. Child of An Ancient Oty. (Jacob) 205 73

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SFRA ReneW"'208, Rovember/December 1993 Holdstock, Robert. The Bone Forest. (Mallen) 203 Howard, Thomas. C S. LetW, Man of Letters: A Reading of Fiction. 204 Howard, Thomas. The Novek of Charles Williams. 204 I Ing. Dean-Silent ThundeIfRobert A. Heinlein-Umverse. (Smith) 207 Irwin, Walter & G. B. Love, eds. The Best of The Best of Trek II: From the Magazine for Star Trek Fans. (Taormina) 203 J Jacobson, Mark. Gojiro. (Carper) 207 Jaffery, Sheldon. Double Trouble: A BIbhographic Chromde of Ace Mystery Doubles. (Albert) 203 Jakubowski, Maxim & Edward James, eds. The ProfessIon of Science FictIon: SF Writers on Their Craft and Ideas. (Taormina) 203 James, Edward & Maxim Jakubowski, eds. The ProfessIon of Science FictIon: SF Writers on Their Craft and Ideas. (Taormina) 203 Jenkins, Henry. Textual Poachers: Television Fans & PartICipatory Culture. (Hellekson) 205 Jenkins, Henry. Textual Poachers: TelevisIon Fans and PartICipatory Culture. (Klossner) 204 Jeter, K. W. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: Bloodletter. (Mallett)206 Johnsgard, Karin & Paul Johnsgard. Dragons and Umcorns: A Natural (Levy) 204 Johnsgard, Paul & Karin Johnsgard. Dragons and Umcorns: A Natural (Levy) 204 Johnson, John & Bryan Senn. FantastIc Cinema Subject Gwde: A Topical Index to 2,500 Horror. Science FiCtion and Fantasy Films. (Klossner) 204 Johnson, Tom & Deborah Del Vecchio. Peter Cushing: The Gentle Man of Horror and 91 Films. (Colling;) 204 Jones, Courtway. Witch of the North. (Strain) 203 Jones, David Lee. Zeus and CO. (Mallett) 206 Jones, Diana Wynne. Aunt Mana. (Hilgartner) 203 Jones, Stephen. The IUustrated Vampire Movie Gwde. (Klossner) 208 Jones, Stephen & David Sutton, eds. Dark Voices 3. (Morgan) 206 Jordan, Robert. The Dragon Reborn. (Rothschild) 207 Joshi, S. T. & Darrell Schweitzer. Lord Dunsany: A BIbhography. (Barron) 208 Joshi, S. T. & H. P. Lovecraft. AutobIographical (Collins) 204 Joshi, S. T. & R. H. Barlow. On Lovecraft and Life. (Collins) 204 K Kaler, Anne K. The Picara: From Hera to Fantasy Heroine. (Hollinger) 207 Kamenetsky, Christa. The Brothers Grimm and Their CritICs: Folktales and The Quest for Meaning. (Sullivan) 204 Katayama, Kazuyoshi. Appleseed. (Sano) 203 (V) Kay, Guy Gavriel. A Song for Arbonne. (Hellekson) 204 Kay, Guy Gavriel. A Song for Arbonne. (Strain) 203 Kelleher. Victor. Brother M"ght. (Mitchell) 207 Kelleher. Victor. Del-Del (Doremus) 205 74

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SFRA Review 1208, lIovember/December 1993 Kies. Cosette N. Supernatural Fiction for Teens: More than 1300 Good Paperbacks to Read for Wonderment. Fear. and Fun, 2nd ed. (Reginald) 203 Kimbriel. Katharine Eliska. Hidden Fires. (posner) 207 King. Stephen. Thinner. (Bau) 203 (A) 206(A) 206 (A) King. James Roy. Old Tales and New Truths. (Attebery) 203 King. Stephen. Four Past Mldm"ght: The Sun Dog. (Miller) King. Stephen. One Past Mldm;t: The LangoJjers. (Miller) King. Stephen. Three Past Mi 'night: The LIbrary PoJjceman. (Miller) 206(A) King. Stephen. Two Past Mldnight: Secret Wmdow. Secret Garden. (Miller) 206(A) Kipling. Rudyard. Kipling's Fantasy: Stories by Rudyard Kipling. (Lewis) 203 Klushantsev. Pavel. Planeta Burg. (Baugh) 204(V) Knapp. Jeffrey. An Empire Nowhere: England. Amenea. and LIterature /tom Utopia to The Tempest. (Lewis) 204 Knoepflmacher. U. C. & Nina Auerbach. eds. Forbidden Journeys: Fairy Tales and Fantasies by Victorian Women Writers. (Stevens) 203 Kress. Nancy. Beggars m Spam. (Sisson) 206 L Lackey. Mercedes. By the Sword (Herrin) 207 Lackey. Mercedes. Jinx Hi!VJ. (Dudley) 204 & 207 (OOPS!) Lackey. Mercedes & Piers Anthony. Iff Pay Thee Not m Gold. (Strain) 206 Landon. Brooks. The Aesthetics of AmbJValence: Rethinking Science Fiction Film m the Me of Electronic (Re}Production. (Latham) 205 Le Guin. Ursula R. Earthsea Revisioned. (Cummins) 205 Liebermann. Randy & Frederick I. Ordway III. eds. Blueprmt for Space: Science Fiction to Science Fact. (Stevens) 203 Lisle. Holly. Bones of the Past. (Strain) 204 Lisle. Holly. Fire m the Mist. (Strain) 203 Love. G. B. & Walter Irwin. eds. The Best of The Best of Trek II: From the Magazine for Star Trek Fans. (Taormina) 203 Lovecraft. H. P. & S. T. Joshi. Autobiograpmeal Wntin{?,Y. (Collins) 204 Lucas. Tim. The I1deo Watchdog Book. (Klossner) 203 Lynch. Lawrence W. Jules Verne. (Hall) 203 M Mallett. Daryl F. & Robert Reginald. Reginald's Science Fiction and Fantasy Awards: A Comprehensive Gwde to the Awards and Their Wmners. Third Edition. Revised and Expanded (Barron) 205 Mancour. T. L. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Spartacus. (Mallett) 204 Marker. Chris. La Jetee. (Latham) 205 Marks. Laurie J. Ara's Field 207 Marshall. Deborah A. & A. C. CrISpin. StarBndge. Book Four: Serpent's Gilt. (Wells) 203 Martindale. T. Chris. Demon Dance. (Larrier) 207 Mascetti. Manuela Dunn. Vampire: The Complete Gwde to the World of the Undead (Gordon) 204 Mason. Lisa. Arachne. (Miller) 206 Masse. Michelle A. In the Name of Love: Women. Masochism. and the Gothic. (Hollinger) 205 McAleer. Neil. Arthur C Oarke: The Authorized Biography. (Morrison) 204 75

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SFRA Renew'208, lIovember/December 1993 McCaffrey. Anne. The Chromdes of Pern: First FaD. (Strain) 208 McCaffrey. Anne. Crystal Line. (Miller) 206 McCay. Bill & Eloise Flood. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Chains of Command. (Mallett) 203 McCollum. Michael. The Gouds of Saturn. (Stevens) 205 McDonald. Ian. King of Morning, Queen of Day. (Morgan) 205 McGillis. Roderick. ed. For the Childlike: George MacDonald's Fantasies for Children. (Levy) 204 McGrath, Patrick & Bradford Morrow. eds. The New Gothic. (Mingin) 205 McKean. Thomas. The Secret of the Seven WJlloM. (Sherman) 205 McKinley. Robin. Deerskin. (Strain) 205 McKinley, Robin. Deerskin. (Williams) 206 McKnight. Stephen A.. ed. Science, Pseudo-Science. and Utopianism in Early Modern Thought. (Stevens) 204 McMullan. Kate. Under the Mummy's SpeD. (Aquavia) 203 Meacham. Beth. Wayne Douglas Barlowe & Ian Summers. Barlowe's Gwoe to Extraterrestrials. (Miller) 206 Merril Collection. SOL Rising: The NeMletter of the Friends of the Merril CoUection of Science Fiction, Speculation. and Fantasy. (Mallett) 20S(M) Meyers. Jeffrey. Edgar Men Poe: His Life and Legacy. (Heller) 204 Milbank, Alison. Daughters of the House: Modes of the Gothic in Victorian Fiction. (Hollinger) 203 Miller. R. Bruce & Milton T. Wolf. eds. Thinking Robots, Aware Internet. and Cyberpunk Llbrarians. (Stevens) 204 Miller, Ron. The Dream Machine: An IUustrated History of the Spaceship in Art, Science and LJ"terature. (Barron) 207 Miller. Ron, Andrei Sokolov, William K. Hartmann, & Vitaly Myagkov. eds. In the Stream of Stars: The Soviet/American Space Art Book (Miller) 206 Mitchell, Mike, ed. The DedalusiAriadne Book of Austrian Fantasy. The Meyrink Years, 1890-1930. (Bleiler) 206 Miyazawa. Kenji. M"Wlt of the Milky Way Railway. (Becker) Modesitt, L. E. Jr. the Towers of the Sunset. (Strain) 203 207 Montgomerie, Lee, John Clute & David Pringle. eds. Interzone: The Filth Anthology. (Morgan) 207 Moon, Elizabeth. Hunting Party. (Strain) 205 Moorcock, Michael. The Revenge of The Rose. (Marx) 207 Morgan. Gerald. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and the Idea of Righteousness. (Williams) 203 Morrow, Bradford & Patrick McGrath. eds. The New Gothic. (Mingin) 205 Morse, Donald E. Kurt Vonnegut. (Mathews) 203 Morse, Donald E., Marsha11 B. Tymn. & Csilla Bertha, eds. The Celebration of the Fantastic: Selected Papers from the Tenth Anniversary International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts. (Collings) 203 Moxley, Joseph M. Publish, Don't Perish: The Scholar's Gwoe to Academic Writing and Publishing. (Barron) 204 Murphy, Patrick. ed. Staging the ImpossIble: The Fantastic Mode in Modern Drama. (Smith) 204 Murphy, Vickie. Elfquest: New Blood #5: Windkin. (Mallett) 206(M) Murphy. Warren & Molly Cochran. The Forever King. (Strain) 203 Murray, John & David A. Hardy. The Fires Within: Volcanoes on Earth and Other Planets. (Morgan) 207 Myagkov, Vitaly. Ron Miller. Andrei Sokolov & William K. Hartmann. eds. In the Stream of Stars: The Soviet/American Space Art Book (Miller) 206 76

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SFRA Rene" 1208, lIovember/December 1993 N Naylor, Grant. Red Dwarf: Better Than Life. (Hellekson) 205 Naylor, Grant. Red Dwarf: Infinity Welcomes Careful Drivers. (Hellekson) 205 Neason, Rebecca. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Guises of the Mind. (Mallett) 208 Nemecek, Larry. The Star Trek: The Next Generation Compamon. (Barron) 203 Nemecek, Larry. The Star Trek: The Next Generation Compamon. (Mallett) 203 Nicholls, Peter & John Clute, eds. The Encyclopedia of Science FictJon. (Barron) 205 Nicholls, Peter & John Clute, eds. The Encyclopedia of Science FictJon. (Mallett) 205 Niven, Larry, ed. Man-Kzin Wars IV. (posner) 204 Niven, Larry & Jerry Pournelle. The Grippin(? Hand. (Miller) 206 Noel, Ruth S. The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-Earth. (Mallett) Norman, John. The Chieftain. (Marx) 204 Norton, Andre. Fur Magic. (Levy) 205 Norton, Andre. Grand Masters' Choice. (Gardiner-Scott) 204 205 Norton, Andre, w/P. M. Griffin & Mary H. Staub. Flight of Vengeance. (Strain) 204 Nottridge, Rhoda. Horror Films. (Klossner) 204 Nutman, Philip. Wet Work. (Mockridge) 205 Nye, Jody Lynn. Mythology Abroad. (Stevens) 204 o Olson, Kiki. How to Get a Date WIth a Vampire (And t-V7Jat to Do WIth Him Once You've Got Him). (Mallett) 204 Ordway, Frederick I. III and Randy Liebermann, eds. Blueprint for Space: Science FictJon to Science Fact. (Stevens) 203 Owing;, Mark & Jack L. Chalker. The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Cntical and BIbhographic History. 3rd Ed. (Reginald) 203(F) P Parente, Audrey. Pulpmaster: The Theodore Roscoe Story. (Collins) 203 Paris, Michael. Winged Warfare: The LIterature and Theoryof Aerial Warfare in Bntain, 1859-1917. (Clarke) 204 Park, Paul. The Cult of Loving Kindness. (RiW) 204 Parkinson, Dan. The Covenant of the Forge. (Hitt) Pausacker, Jenny. Fast Forward. (Blakeley) 207 207 204 206 205 Paxson, Diana. The Serpent's Tooth. (Chapman) Paxson, Diana L. The Wolf and the Raven. (Williams) Pierce, Tamora. Wild Magic: The Immortals. (Meyer) Piercy, Marge. He, She and It (Bog;tad) 204 Pike, Christopher. The Eternal Enemy. (Sisson) 206 Pilato, Herbie J. The Bewitched Book: The Cosmic Compamon to TV's Most Magical Supernatural SItuatIon Comedy. (Klossner) 203 Piraro, Dan. The Best of Bizarro. (Kratz) 204 Pohl, Frederik. Mining the Dart (Miller) 206 Pollota, Nick. Bureau 13. (Levy) 204 Pournelle, Jerry & Larry Niven. The Gripping Hand. (Miller) 206 77

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SFRA Revlewf208, November/December 1993 Pratchett. Terry. Witches Abroad. (Hellekson) 206 Pratchett. Terry. Witches Abroad. (Morgan) 204 Preiss. Byron. ed. The Ultimate Dracula. (Gordon) 204 Proulx. Kevin E. Fear to the World: Eleven VOlCes in a Chorus of Horror. (Morrison) 204 Preussler.Oetfried. The Satanic MiD. (Blakeley) 207 Pringle. David. John Oute & Lee Montgomerie. eds. Interzone: The Fifth Anthology. (Morgan) 207 Prytherch. Ray & Mandy Hicken. Now Read On: A Gwde to Contemporary Popular Fiction. (Barron) 203 R Rabkin. Eric S. & George E. Slusser. eds. Styles of Creation: Aesthetic Technique and the Creation of FiCtional Worlds. (Samuelson) 204 Rackin. Donald. Ahce's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass: Nonsense, Sense, and Meaning. (Billy) 203 Raisor. Gary. ed. Obsessions. (Marx) 204 Rawn. Melanie. Dragon Star, Book III: Skybowl (paduch) 205 Reaves. Michael. Street MagIC. (Carper) 204 Reeves-Stevens. Garfield & Judith. The Chronicles of Galen Sword: Mghtfeeder. (Becker) 203 Reeves-Stevens. Judith & Garfield. The Chromdes of Galen Sword: Nightfeeder. (Becker) 203 Reginald. Robert. Science FiCtion and Fantasy Literature, 1975-1991: A BIbliography of Science FiCtion. Fantasy. and Horror Books and Nonffction Monographs. (Barron) 204 Reginald. Robert & Daryl F. Mallett. Reginald's Science FiCtion and Fantasy A wards: A Comprehensive Gwde to the Awards and Their WinneJ3", Third Edition, Revised and Expanded. (Barron) 205 Reid. Constance. The Search for E T. BeD. (Bleiler) 207 Renzi. Thomas C. H G WelL5: Six Scientific Romances Adapted for Film. (Klossner) 204 Resnick. Mike. The Alien Heart. (Sanders) 204 Resnick. Mike. Oracie. (Catuogno) 205 Rewolinski. Leah. Star Wreck: The Generation Gap. (Miller) 206 Rivkin. J. F. Me of Dinosaurs #1: Tyrannosaurus Rex. (Dominguez) 205 Roberson. WiITIam H. & Robert L. Battenfeld. Walter M Miller Jr.: A BiobIbliography. (Levy) 204 Robinson. Kim Stanley. Red MaJ3". (Stone-Blackburn) 206 203 Robinson. Kim Stanley. Remaking History. (Smith) 204 Rodley. Chris. ed. Cronenbergon CronenbeTff.:. (Morrison) Rogers. Kenny. Planet Texas. (Baugh) 206(V) Rosebury. Brian. Tolkien: A Critical Assessment. (Sullivan) 204 Rosenberg. Betty & Diana Tixier Herald. GenreOecting: A Guide to Reading Interests in Genre FiCtion, Third Edition. (Reginald). 203 Ruddick. Nicholas. British Science FiCtion: A Chronology. 1478-1990. (Mallett) 203 Ruddick. Nicholas. ed. State of the FantastIc: Studies in the Theory and Pract/ce of Fantast/c Literature and Film. (Collins) 204 Rusch. Kristine Kathryn. ed. The Best of Pulphouse: The Hardback Magazine. (Sanders) 205 Rushdie. Salman. The WiZard ofOz. (Albert) 203 Russo. John. Scare Tactics: The Art, Craft, and Trade Secrets of Writing, Producing, and Directing ChilJeJ3" and ThrilJeJ3". (Neilson) 204 78

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SFRA Revle,,'208, November/December 1993 Ryan. Mary C. Me Two. (Wytenbroek) 205 S Sagan. Carl & Ann Druyan. Shado'W'S of Forgotten Ancestors: A Search for Ut'lJo We Are. (Miller) 206 Saidman. Anne. Stephen King: Master of Horror. (Colling;) 203 Salvatore. R A. Canticle. (Herrin) 203 Salvatore. R A. In Sylvan Shado'W'S. (Herrin) 203 Sampson. Fay. Tah"esin's TeUing. (Morgan) 205 Sander. Gordon F. Serling. The Rise and FaU of Television's Last Angry Man. (Stevens) 204 Sanders. William. The Wild Blue and the Gray. (Carper) 205 Sansweet. Stephen J. Star Wars: From Concept to Screen to CoUectJble. (Letson) 205 Sargent. Sarah. Jerry's Ghosts: The Mystery of the Blind Tower. (McBauley) 203 Saul. John. Darkness. (Schaub & Pfeiffer) 205 Sawyer. Robert J. Far-Seer. (Kaniecki) 203 Scarborough. Elizabeth. Phantom Banjo. (Herrin) 205 Scarborough. Elizabeth. Picking the BaUad's Bones. (Herrin) 205 Scarfone. Jay & William Stillman. The Wliard of Oz CoUector's Treasury. (Barron) 203 Schofield. Sandy. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: The Big Game. (Mallett) 208 Schutz. Wayne. The Motion Picture Serial: An Annotated Bibliography. (Klossner) 203 Schuyler. George S .. as SAMUEL I. BROOKS. Black Empire: Comprising the Black Internationale. Story of a Black Genius kainst the World, and Black Empire. An Imaginative Story of a Great New Civilization in Modern Mica. (Pfeiffer) 206(F) Schweitzer. Darrell. ed. Discovering Dassic Horror Fiction 1 (Sanders) 203 Senn. Bryan & John Johnson. Fantastic Cinema Subject Gwde: A Topical Index to 2,500 Horror, Science Fiction and Fantasy Films. (Klossner) 204 Server, Lee. Danger is My Business: An IUustrated History of the Fabulous Pulp Magazines. (Barron) 204 Service. Pamela F. Stinker's Return. (Khanna) 205 Service. Pamela F. Weirdos Of the Umverse Umte! (Eiken) 203 Shallcross. Martyn. The Private World of Daphne du Maurier. (Sullivan) 204 Shatner. William. TekVengeance. (McVeigh) 205 Shay. Don & Jody Duncan. The Making 01 Jurassic Park. (Klossner) 206 Sheffield. Charles S. Cold as Ice. (Strain) 203 Sheffield. Charles. Dancing with Myself (Zehner) 208 Shelley. Rick. The Hero of Va ray. (Becker) 203 Shepard. Jewel. Invasion of the B-Girls. (Barron) 203 Sherman. Delia. The Porcelain Dove, or, Constancy's Reward (Strain) 206 Sherman. Josepha. Child of Faerie, Child of Earth. (Cammilleri) 203 Shinji. Aramaki & Kitazume Hiroyuki. Genesis Survivor Gaiarth-Stage 1. (Sa no) 205 (V) Shippey. Tom & George E. Slusser, eds. Fiction 2000: Cyberpunk and the Future of Narrative. (Smith) 203 Shirow. Masamune. Black Magic M-66. (Sa no) 203(V) Silverberg. Robert. Kingdoll1S of the WaD. (Anglum) 205 Silverberg. Robert. Kingdoll1S of the WaD. (DeYoung) 205 Silverberg. Robert. Kingdoll1S of the WaD. (Hellekson) 204 79

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SFRA Renew '208, November/December 1993 Silverberg. Robert. (Baugh) 203 (A) Simmons. Dan. Children of the M'ght. (Baugh) 203 (A) Simmons. Dan. Summer of Night. (Dudley) 204 Sirota. Mike. Bicycling Through Space and Time. (An glum) 203 Skipp. John & Craig Spector. eds. Still Dead: Book of the Dead 2 (Umland) 203 Slonczewwski. Joan. Daughter of Elysium. (Williams) 206 Slout. William L. The Trial of Dr. Jekyll: A Play in Two (Willingham) 206 Slun-.B. Michele. ed. I Shudder at Your Touch: 22 Tales of Sex and Horror. (Barnett) 203 Slusser. George E. & Eric S. Rabkin. eds. Styles of Creation: Aesthetic Technique and the Creation of Fictional Worlds. (Samuelson) 204 Slusser. George E. & Tom Shippey. eds. Fiction 2000: Cyberpunk and the Future of Narrative. (Smith) 203 Smith. Sherwood. Wrens Quest. (Shovan) 207 Snyder. Midori. Beldans Fire. (Strain) 203 Sokolov. Andrei. William K. Hartmann. Ron Miller. & Vitaly Myagkov. eds. In the Stream of Stars: The Soviet/American Space Art Book (Miller) 206 Sonheim. Amy. Maurice Sendak (Levy) 203 Spector. Craig & John Skipp. eds. Still Dead: Book of the Dead 2. (Umland) 203 Spinrad. Norman. Deus X (Smith) 207 Stabenow. Dana. A Handful of Stars. (Collins) 208 Starlin. Jim & Daina Graziunas. Lady El. (Ryan) 205 Staub. Mary H.. Andre Norton. w/P. M. Griffin &. Flight of Vengeance. (Strain) 204 Steele. Allen. Labyrinth ofMi;;ht. (Annicelli) 205 Stevens. Carol D. & David. J. R R Tolkien. (Mathews) 203 Stevens. David & Carol D. J. R R. Tolkien. (Mathews) 203 Stevenson. Laura C. The Island and the Ring. (Becker) 207 Stewart. Sarah. The Money Tree. (Mitchell) 206 Stirling. S. M. & David Drake. The GeneraL (Satorius) 208 Strieber. Whitley. The Wild (Dudley) 208 Sullivan. Tim. ed. Cold Shocks. (Satorius) 207 Summers. Ian. Beth Meacham & Wayne Douglas Barlowe. Barlowes Gwae to Extraterrestrials. (Miller) 206 Sutton. David & Stephen Jones. eds. Dark Voices 3. (Morgan) 206 Stillman. William & Jay Scarfone. The Wizard of Oz CoUectors Treasury. (Barron) 203 Strehle. Susan. Fiction in the Quantum Umverse. (Wolfe) 204 Strickland. Brad. Dragons Plunder. Onverso) 205 T Tartt. Donna. The Secret Hi5tory. (Feehan) 206 Tatar. Maria. Off With Their Heads: Fairy Tales and the Culture of Childhood (Attebery) 204 Tavares. Braulio. Fantastic. Fantasy and Science Fiction literature Catalog. (Mallett) 205 Tepper. Sheri. Beauty. (Hellekson) 206 Tepper. Sheri. A Plague of Ar}gels. (Strain) Tepper. Sheri S. SJaeshow. (Hellekson) 205 208 Thomas. Thomas T. ME A Novel of Self-Di5covery. (Reilly) Thomson. Amy. Virtual GirL (Miller) 207 80 203

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SFRA Revie" 1208, lIovember/December 1993 Tolkien, Christopher & J. R R Tolkien. Pictures by J. R. R Tolkien. (Attebery) 204 Tolkien, J. R R & Christopher Tolkien. Pictures by J. R R Tolkien. (Attebery) 204 Trubo, Richard & Sam Arkoff. Flying Through HoUywood By the Seat of My Pants. (Hall) 203 Tsang. Eric. The Solar Wmd. (Morgan) 208 Turtledove, Harry. &rthgrip: Tales for the Traders' World. (Osborn) 207 Tyers, Kathy. Shivermg World. (Attebery) 203 Tymn, Marshall B., Donald E. Morse & Csilla Bertha, eds. The Celebration of the Fantastic: Selected Papers li'om the Tenth Anniversary International Conference on the Fantastic m the Arts. (Colling<;) 203 Tyrrell, Margot, Jo Goodman & Toss Gascoigne, eds. Dream Time. (Sherman) 207 U Universal Pictures. Jurassic Park. (Holcomb) 205(V) V Vande Velde, Vivian. Dragon's Bait. (Cammilleri) 203 Vonarburg, Elisabeth. In the Mother's Land. (Hellekson)204 Vornholt, John. The Fabulist. (Mallett) 207 Vornholt, John. Star Trek: Sanctuary. (Mallett) 203 Vornholt, John. Star Trek: The Next Generation: War Drums. (Mallett) 203 W WafP-r, W. Warren. The Next Three Futures: Paradigms of ThIDe;> to Come. (Berger) 204(F) Warner Bros. The Adventures of Brisco County. Jr. (Mallett) 205(V) Warner Bros}Lorimar Television. Time Trax. (Mallett) 205(V) Warner, Harry Jr. A Wealth of Fable. (Miller) 206 Waters, William P., ed. Essays on Mars: Explormg the Red Planet of Edgar Rice Burroughs. (Albert) 203 Waters, William P., ed. Jungle of Dreams: The Tarzan Mythos of Edgar Rice Burroughs. (Albert) 203 Watt-Evans, Lawrence, ed. Newer York: Stories of Science Fiction and Fantasy About the World's Greatest City. (Becker) 203 Watt-Evans, Lawrence. Taking Wmg: (Rothschild) 205 Waugh, Charles G. & Martin H. Greenberg, eds. Back li'om the Dead. (Barnett) 203 Weaver, Tom, ed. Creature li'om the Black Lagoon. (Taormina) 204 Weinberg, Robert E. & Martin H. Greenberg. eds. Lovecrah's Legacy. (MorrISon) 203 Wells, Angus. Forbidden Magic. (Morgan) 207 West, Mark I. Roald Dahl. (Le'0') 204 Wheeler, Deborah. Jaydium. (Hellekson) 206 White, James. The GenOCidal Healer. (Hellekson) 204 Wibberley, Leonard. Shamrocks and Sea Silver and Other IUummations. (Stevens) 204 Williams, Tad. To Green Angel Tower. (Bellini) 205 Williams, Tad & Nina Kiriki Hoffman. Child of An Ancient Q'ty. (Jacob) 205 Willis, Connie. Doomsday Book. (Strain) 204 81

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SFRA Revlew'208, lIovember/December 1993 Windling. Terri & Ellen Datlow, eds. Snow lWllte, Blood Red. (Sanders) 204 Winnington, G. Peter, ed. Peake Studies. (Barron) 204(M) Wisniewski, David. Rain Player. (Sherman) 208 Wolf, Milton T. & R Bruce Miller, eds. Thinking Robots, Aware Internet, and Cyberpunk LIbrarians. (Stevens) 204 Wolverton, Dave. Serpent Catch. (Levy) 208 Wood, Bridget. Woliking. 208 Wood, Bridget. Wollking. (Stram) 208 WriAAt, Bruce Lanier. Yesterday's Tomorrows: The Golden Age of Science Fiction Movie Posters, 1950-1964 (Klossner) 206 Wu, William F. Isaac AsIinovs Robots in TIine: Marauder. (Mallett) 206 Wu, William F. Isaac AsIinov's Robots in TIine: Predator. (Mallett) 204 Wu, William F. Isaac AsIinovs Robots in TIine: WarrIor. (Mallett) 207 Wunderlich, Roger. Low LI'ving and High Thinking at Modern TIines, New York. (Lewis) 203 Dream Weaver. Wylie, Jonathan. (Morgan) 208 Z lahn, Timothy. The Last Command (Olschewski) 205 Zelazny, Roger. Prince of Chaos. (Sammons) 207 Zelazny, Roger. Prince of Chaos. (Schuyler) 207 TITLE RfYlEW 10m: 1993 SFWA Directory. ab Hugh, Dafydd & SFW A. (Mallett) 204(M) A The Adventures of Bri5co County, Jr. Warner Bros. (Mallett) 205M The Aesthetics of Ambivalence: Rethinking Science FictJon Film in the Age of Electronic (Re)ProductIOn. Landon, Brooks. (Latham) 205 Me of Dinosaurs #1: Tyrannosaurus Rex. Rivkin. J. F. (Dominguez) 205 AK. Dickinson. Peter. (Becker) 203 Aldous Huxley and George OrweU: A Comparative Study of Satire in Their Novels. Bhat, Yashoda. (Lewis) 204 Alices Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking Glass: Nonsense, Sense, and Meanin8:. Rackin. Donald. (Billy) 203 The Ah'en Heart. Resnick. Mike. (Sanders) 204 Anne Inez McCaflTey: Forty Years of Publishing, An InternatIonal BIbiIography. Hargreaves. Matthew D. (Barron) 205 Another Fine Myth. Asprin. Robert. (Baugh) 204(A) Appleseed. Katayama, Kazuyoshi. (Sano) 203M Aras Field. Marks. Laurie J. (Bog;tad) 207 Arachne. Mason. Lisa. (Miller) 206 The ArchItecture of Desire. Gentle. Mary. (Carley) 205 The ArchItecture of Desire. Gentle. Mary. (Morgan) 207 Arthur C Garke: The Authorized BIography. McAleer, Neil. (Morrison) 204 The Arthurian Yearbook Il Busby. Keith. ed. (Sullivan) 204 Aunt Maria. Jones. Diana Wynne. (Hilgartner) 203 AutobIographIcal Joshi. S. T. & H. P. Lovecraft. (Collins) 204 Avatar. Cooper. Louise. (Gardiner-Scott) 203 82

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SFRA Revle", 1208, lIovember/December 1993 Back fTom the Dead. Greenberg, Martin H. & Charles G. Waugh, eds. (Barnett) 203 Barlowe's Gwae to Extraterrestrials. Barlowe, Wayne Douglas, Ian Summers & Beth Meacham. (Miller) 206 Battlestation, Book II: Vanguard. Drake, David & Bill Fawcett, eds. (Mead) 204 Beauty. Tepper, Sheri. (Hellekson) 206 Bedlam Boyz. Guon, Ellen. (Mallett) 205 Beggars in Spain. Kress, Nancy. (Sisson) Beldan's Fire. Snyder, Midori. (Strain) 203 206 The Best of Bizarro. Piraro, Dan. (Kratz) 204 The Best of Pulphouse: The Hardback Magazine. Rusch, Kristine Kathryn, ed. (Sanders) 205 The Best of The Best of Trek II: From the Magazine for Star Trek Fans. Irwin, Walter & G. B. Love, eds. (Taormina) 203 The Bewitched Book: The Cosmic Compamon to TV's Most Magical Supernatural Situation Comedy. Pilato, Herbie J. (Klossner) 203 BicyclinR Throul?h Space and Time. Sirota, Mike. (Angium) 203 Black Einpire: Comprising the Black InternatIonale, Story of a Black Gemi.Is Alzainst the World, and Black Empire, An ImaginatIve Story of a Great New OvilizatJon in Modern Africa. Schuyler, George S., as SAMUEL I. BROOKS. (Pfeiffer) 206(F) Black Magic M-66. Shirow, Masamune. (Sano) 203(V) Blueprint for Space: Science FictJon to Science Fact. Ordway, Frederick I. III and Randy Uebermann, eds. (Stevens) 203 The Boggart. Cooper, Susan. (Cammilleri) 205 The Bone Forest. Holdstock, Robert. (Mallett) 203 Bones. Hodgell, P. C. (Levy) 208 Bones of the Past. Usle, Holly. (Strain) 204 British Science FictIon: A Chronology. 1478-1990. Ruddick, Nicholas. (Mallett) 203 The Brooch of Azure Mlamght. Anne. (Morgan) 207 Brother Night. Kelleher, Victor. (Mitchell) 207 The Brothers Grimm and Their Critics: Folktales and The Quest for Meaning. Kamenetsky, Christa. (Sullivan) 204 The Bug Wars. Asprin, Robert. (Presti) 205 Bureau 13. Pollota, Nick. (Levy) 204 By the Sword. Lackey, Mercedes. (Herrin) C 207 C. S. Lewis, Man of Letters: A Reading of His FictJon. Howard, Thomas. 204 Cafe Purgatorium: Three Novels of Horror and the Fantastic. Anderson, Dana, Charles de Unt & Ray Garton. 205 Camelot 30K. Forward, Robert L. (Mallett) 208 CantICle. Salvatore, R A. (Herrin) 203 The Captive ImaginatJon: A Casebook on "The YeUow Golden, Catherine, ed. (Smith) 203 The Castle of the Silver WheeL Edgerton, Teresa. (Gardiner-Scott) 205 Castle SpeUbound. DeChancie, John. (Becker) 205 The Caterpillar's QuestIon. Anthony, Piers & Philip Jose Farmer. (Langer) 203 83

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SFRA Rene" 1208, lIovember/December 1993 The Celebration of the Fantastic: Selected Papers from the Tenth Anniversary International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts'. Bertha. Csilla. Donald E. Morse & Marshall B. Tymn. eds. (Colling;) 203 Bova. Ben. (Collins) 205 The Chieftain. Norman. John. (Marx) 204 Child of An Ancient Q'ty. Williams. Tad & Nina Kiriki Hoffman. (Jacob) 205 Child of Darkness. Hodgell. P. C. (Levy)208 A Child of Elvish. Berberick. Nancy Varian. (Wytenbroek) 203 Child of Faerie. Child of Earth. Sherman. Josepha. (Cammilleri) 203 Children of the Night. Simmons. Dan. (Baugh) 203(A) The Chromdes of Galen Sword: M'ghtfeeder. Reeves-Stevens. Judith & Garfield. (Becker) 203 The Chromdes of Pern: First FaD. McCaffrey. Anne. (Strain) 208 Chronicles of the Mutant Rain Forest. Frazier. Robert & Bruce Boston. (Levy) 206 Cinematic Vampires: The Living Dead on Films and Television from The Devil's Castle (1896) to Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992). Flynn. John L. (Klossner) 208 Dassic Horror Wnters. Bloom. Harold. ed. (Barron) 206 The Douds of Saturn. McCollum. Michael. (Stevens) 205 Cold as Ice. Sheffield. Charles S. (Strain) 203 Cold Shocks. Sullivan. Tim. ed. (Satorius) 207 Comic Art Studies. (Mallett) 205(M) Conversing with the Planets': How Science and Myth Invented the Cosmos. Aveni. Anthony. (Miller) 206 The Covenant of the Forge. Parkinson. Dan. (Hitt) 207 The Craft of LI'ght. Emerson. Ru. (Strain) 207 Creature from the Black Lagoon. Weaver. Tom. ed. (Taormina) 204 Cronenberg on Cronenberg. Rodley. Chris. ed. (Morrison) 203 CrUCIble. Chase. Robert R. (Wooster) 207 Crystal Line. McCaffrey. Anne. (Miller) 206 The Cult of Loving Kindness. Park. Paul. (Riggs) 204 D Dancing WIth MyseJl Sheffield. Charles. (Zehner) 208 Danger is My Business: An IUustrated History of the Fabulous Pulp Magazines. Server. Lee. (Barron) 204 Dark VOICes 3. Sutton. David & Stephen Jones. eds. (Morgan) 206 Darkness. Saul. John. (Schaub & Pfeiffer) 205 Daughter of Elysium. Slonczewwski. Joan. (Williams) 206 Daughters of the House: Modes of the Gothic in Victorian FiCtion. Milbank. Alison. (Hollinger) 203 Dead Secrets': WilkIe CoUins and the Female GothIc. Heller. Tamar. (Sanders) 203 The Death Guard. Chadwick. Philip George. (Bleiler) 206 The DedaluslAriadne Book of Austrian Fantasy: The Meyrink Years. 18901930. Mitchell. Mike. ed. (Bleiler) 206 Deerskin. McKinley. Robin. (Strain) 205 Deerskin. McKinley. Robin. (Williams) 206 Del-DeL Kelleher. Victor. (Doremus) 205 Demon Dance. Martindale. T. Chris. (Larrier) 207 Descent. Dee. Ron. (Colling;) 207 Deus X Spinrad. Norman. (Smith) 207 The Devil You Say. DeCarlo. Elisa. (Mallett) 205 84

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SFRA Review 1208, lIovember/December 1993 Dinotopia: A Land Apart From Time. Gurney, James. (Miller) 206 Discovering Dassic Horror Fiction 1 Schweitzer, Darrell, ed. (Sanders) 203 Doomsday Book. Willis, Connie. (Strain) 204 Double Trouble: A Blbliographic Chromde of Ace Mystery Doubles. Jaffery, Sheldon. (Albert) 203 Dr. Dimension. Bischoff, David & John DeChancie. (Mallett) 206 Dracula Unbound Aldiss, Brian W. (Colling;) 207 Dragon Death: Dragonsword #3. Baudino, Gael. (Strain) 203 The Dragon Reborn. Jordan, Robert. (Rothschild) 207 Dragon Star, Book Ill: SkybowL Rawn, Melanie. (paduch) 205 Dragon's Bait. Vande Velde, Vivian. (Camrnilleri) 203 Dragon's Plunder. Strickland, Brad. Onverso) 205 Dragons and Umeorns: A Natural History. Johnsgard, Paul & Karin Johnsgard. (Levy) 204 The Dream Compass. Bredenberg, Jeff. (Mallett) 203 The Dream Machine: An IUustrated History of the Spaceship in Art; Science and Literature. Miller, Ron. (Barron) 207 Dream Time. Gascoigne, Toss, Jo Goodman, Margot Tyrrell, eds. (Sherman) 207 The Dream VesseL Bredenberg, Jeff. (Mallett) 203 Dream Weaver. Wylie, Jonathan. (Morgan) 208 The Dreamlceepers. Brodien-Jones, Chris. (Camrnilleri) 207 Drifter's War. Dietz, William C. (Trowbridge) 205 Dusk. Dee, Ron. (Colling;) 207 E Earthgrip: Tales for the Traders' World. Turtledove, Harry. (Osborn) 207 Earthsea Revisioned Le Guin, Ursula K. (Cummins) 205 Edgar ADen Poe: His Life and LefJllcy. Meyers, Jeffrey. (Heller) 204 EUquest: New Blood #S: Windkin. Murphy, Vickie. (Mallett) 206(M) EUquest: New Blood #6: The Voluntary Chain. Gertler, Nat. (Mallett) 206(M) An Empire Nowhere: England. America, and Literature !Tom Utopia to The Tempest. Knapp, Jeffrey. (Lewis) 204 Enchantica: Wrath of the Ice Sorcerer. Bill, Andrew. (Miller) 206 The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Clute, John & Peter Nicholls, eds. (Barron) 205 The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Clute, John & Peter Nicholls, eds. (Mallett) 205 Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Animated Characters. Second Edition. Grant, John. (Klossner) 206 Enterprising Women: Television Fandom and the Creation of Popular Myth. Bacon-Smith, Camille. (Hellekson) 205 Enterprising Women: Television Fandom and the Creation of Popular Myth. Bacon-Smith. Camille. (Miller) 206 Essays on Mars: Exploring the Red Planet of Edgar Rice Burroughs. Waters, William P., ed. (Albert) 203 The Eternal Enemy. Pike, Christopher. (Sisson) 206 F 'the Fabulist. Varnholt, John. (Mallett) 207 Fantastic Cinema Subject Guide: A Topical Index to 2,500 Horror, Science Fiction and Fantasy Films. Senn, Bryan & John Johnson. (Klossner) 204 85

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SFRA Review 1208, lIovember/December 1993 Fantastic, Fantasy and Science Fiction literature Catalog. Tavares, Braulio. (Mallett) 205 Far-Seer. Sawyer, Robert J. (Kaniecki) 203 Fast FOJWard Pausacker, Jenny. (Blakeley) 207 The Fear in Yesterday's Chesbro, George C. (Tryforos) 207 Fear to the World: Eleven VOICes in a Chorus of Horror. Proulx, Kevin E. (Morrison) 204 The Feast of the Tnckster. Hilgartner, Beth. (Blakeley) 207 Fidion 2000: Cyberpunk and the Future of Narrative. Slusser, George E. & Tom Shippey, eds. (Smith) 203 Fidion in the Quantum Umverse. Strehle, Susan. (Wolfe) 204 Finders-Seekers. Greeno, Gayle. (Strain) 207 Fire in the Mist. Lisle, Holly. (Strain) 203 The Fires Within: Volcanoes on Earth and Other Planets. Hardy, David A. & John Murray. (Morgan) 207 Flight of Vengeance. Norton, Andre, w/P. M. Griffin & Mary H. Staub. (Strain) 204 Flintstones Font Pack. Bitstream. (Mallett) 205(M) Flying Through HoUywood By the Seat of My Pants. Arkoff, Sam & Richard Trubo. (Hall) 203 For the Childlike: George MacDonald's Fantasies for Children. McGillis, Roderick, ed. (Levy)204 ForbIdden Journeys: Fairy Tales and Fantasies by VIdorian Women WrIters. Knoepflmacher, U. C. & Nina Auerbach, eds. (Stevens) 203 ForbIdden Magic. Wells, Angus. (Morgan) 207 The Forever King. Murphy, Warren & Molly Cochran. (Strain) 203 Fossil. Clement, Hal. (Hassler) 208 Four Past MIdm"gfJt: The Sun Dog. King, Stephen. (Miller) Frank Kelly Freas Postcards. Freas, Frank Kelly. (Mallett) Fnday Heinlein, Robert A. (Miller) 206(A) Friends in Time. Chetwin, Grace. (Sisco) 203 Fur MagIc. Norton, Andre. (Levy) 205 G Galatea in 2-D. Allston, Aaron. (Zehner) 206 The General Stirling, S. M. & David Drake. (Satorius) 208 206(A) 204(M) Genesis Survivor Gaiarth-Stage 1. Hiroyuki, Kitazume & Aramaki Shinji. (Sa no) 205M The GenOCIdal Healer. White, James. (Hellekson) 204 GenreOecting: A Gwde to Reading Interests in Genre Fiction, Third Edition. Herald, Diana Tixier & Betty Rosenberg. (Reginald). 203 Glory Season. Brin, David. (Hellekson) 207 Glory Season. Brin, David. (Miller) 206 Glory Season. Brin, David. (Strain) 206 The Goblin Mirror. Cherryh, C. J. (Sanders) 203 Gojiro. Jacobson, Mark. (Carper) 207 Gotfuc FidioniGotfuc Form. Haggerty, George E. (Billy) 204 Grand Masters' ChOIce. Norton, Andre. (Gardiner-Scott) 204 Graven Images: The Best of Horror, Fantasy, and Science Fidion Film Art. Burns, Keith, Leigh Adams & Ronald V. Borst, eds. (Barron) 204 The Great SF Stories #22 (1960). Asirnov, Isaac & Martin H. Greenberg, eds. (Barnett) 203 The Great SF Stories #23 (1961). Asirnov, Isaac & Martin H. Greenberg, eds. (Barnett) 203 86

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SFRA Review'208, November/December 1993 The Gripping Hand Niven. Larry & Jerry Pournelle. (Miller) 206 Groundties. Fancher. Diane. (Bogstad) 207 H H. G. Welk: Six Scientific Romances Adapted for Film. Renzi. Thomas C. (Klossner) 204 H G. Welk and the Short Story. Hammond. J. R (Ruddick) 203 A Handful of Stars. Stabenow. Dana. (Collins) 208 He. She and It. Piercy. Marge. 204 The Hero of Varay Shelley. Rick. (Becker) 203 Hidden Fires. Kimbriel. Katharine Eliska. (posner) 207 Hobkin. Griffin. Peni R (Schabel) 203 Horror Films. Nottridge. Rhoda. (Klossner) 204 Horror. Science Fiction, Fantasy Movie Posters & Lobby Cards, Volume II Brosch, Robert. (Klossner) 206 How the World Was One: Beyond the Global Village. Clarke. Arthur C. (Latham) 204 How to Get a Date With a Vampire (And Ur'lJat to Do With Him Once You've Got Him). Olson. Kiki. (Mallett) 204 Hunting Party. Moon. Elizabeth. (Strain) 205 I / Shudder at Your Touch: 22 Tales of Sex and Horror. Slung. Michele. ed. (Barnett) 203 Iff Pay Thee Not in Gold Anthony. Piers & Mercedes Lackey. (Strain) 206 The IUustrated Vampire Movie Guide. Jones. Stephen. (Klossner) 208 In Sylvan Shadows. Salvatore. R A. (Herrin) 203 In the Mother's Land. Vonarburg. Elisabeth. (Hellekson)204 In the Name of Love: Women, Masochism, and the Gothic. Masse. Michelle A. (Hollinger) 205 In the Stream of Stars: The SovieciAmerican Space Art Book. Hartmann, William K .. Andrei Sokolov. Ron Miller. & Vitaly Myagkov. eds. (Miller) 206 Interzone: The Fifth Anthology. Clute. John. Lee Montgomerie & David Pringle. eds. (Morgan) 207 Invasion of the B-Girls. Shepard. Jewel. (Barron) 203 Isaac Asimov's Robots in Time: Marauder. Wu. William F. (Mallett) 206 Isaac Asimov's Robots in Time: Predator. Wu. William F. (Mallett) 204 Isaac Asimov's Robots in Time: WarrIor. Wu. William F. (Mallett) 207 The Island and the Ring. Stevenson. Laura C. (Becker) 207 J J. R R Tolkien. Stevens. David & Carol D. (Mathews) 203 J. R R Tolkien: A Descriptive Blbhography Anderson, Douglas A. & Wayne G. Hammond. (Mathews) 205 J. R R Tolkien: Master of Collins. David R. (Mathews) 203 Jabberwocky, Carroll. Lewis. (Klossner) 208 JayrJium. Wheeler. Deborah. (Hellekson) 206 Jennifer Murdley's Toad Coville. Bruce. (Shovan) 203 Jerry's Ghosts: the Mystery of the Blind Tower. Sargent. Sarah. (McBauley) 203 Jetsons Font Pack. Bitstream. (Mallett) 20S(M) Jinx High. Lackey. Mercedes. (Dudley) 204 & 207 (OOPS!) 87

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SFRA Rev/e" '208, November I December 1993 Jules Verne. Lynch. Lawrence W. (Hall) 203 The Jungle. Drake. David. (Stevens) 203 JUIJliJ/e of Dreams: The Tarzan Mythos of Edgar Rice Burroughs. William P . ed. (Albert) 203 Waters. Jurassic Park Universal Pictures. (Holcomb) 20S(V) K The Killing of the Saints. Abella. Alex. (Marx) 207 King of Morning. Queen of Day. McDonald. Ian. (Morgan) 205 The Kingdom of Kevin Malone. Charnas. Suzy McKee. (Shovan) 207 Kingdoms of the WaD. Silverberg. Robert. (Anglum) 205 Kingdoms of the WaD. Silverberg. Robert. (DeYoung) 205 Kingdoms of the WaD. Silverberg, Robert. (Hellekson) 204 KipJin!!,s Fantasy: Stories by Rudyard KipJing. Kipling. Rudyard. (Lewis) 203 Kurt V'onnegut. Morse. Donald E. (Mathews) 203 L La Jetee. Marker. Chris. (Latham) 205 Labyrinth of Night. Steele. Allen. (Annicelli) 205 Lady EI. Starlin. Jim & Daina Graziunas. (Ryan) 205 Lafcadio Hearn and the V.LS-lan of Japan. Dawson. Carl. (Lowentrout) 204 The Languages of Tolkien's Middle-Earth. Noel. Ruth S. (Mallett) 205 The Last Command Zahn. Timothy. (Olschewski) 205 Lightning's Daughter. Herbert. Mary H. (Gardiner-Scott) 207 Locus: The NeUlSpaper of the Science FictJan Field Brown. Charles N. (Mallett) 204(M) Lon Chaney: The Man Behind the Thousand Faces. Blake. Michael F. (Klossner) 205 Looney Toons Font Pack. Bitstream. (Mallett) 20S(M) Lord Dunsany: A BlbIJagraphy. Joshi. S. T. & Darrell Schweitzer. (Barron) 208 The Lord of the Rings: The Mythology of Power. Chance. Jane. (Attebery) 204 The Losers. David. (Zehner) 208 The Lost Worlds Romance !Tom Dawn Till Dusk Becker. Allienne R (Lupoff) 20S(F) Lot Lizards. Garton. Ray. (Satorius) 207 Louisa May Alcott's Fairy Tales and Fantasy Stories. Alcott. Louisa May. (Stevens) 204 Lovecraft: A Look Behind the Cthulhu Mythos. Carter. Lin. (Billy) 203 Lovecraft's Legacy. Weinberg. Robert E. & Martin H. Greenberg. eds. (Morrison) 203 Low Living and High Thinking at Modern Times, New York Wunderlich. Roger. (Lewis) 203 M Madeleine LEngle: Author of A Wrinkle in Time. Gonzales. Doreen. (Levy) 203 The Magic That Works": John W. CainpbeU and the American Response to Technology. Berger. Albert I. (Aldiss) 207(F) The Magic That Works": John W. CampbeU and the American Response to Technology. Berger. Albert I. (Westfahl) 207(F) The Magic Wars. Clayton. Jo. (Strain) 206 88

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SFRA Revlew'208, lIovember/December 1993 Majyk By Accident. Friesner. Esther. (Mallett) 208 The Making of Jurassic Park. Shay. Don & Jody Duncan. (Klossner) Man-Kzin Wa.r.s-IV. Niven. Larry. ed. (posner) 204 206 The Mark of the Moderately VICI(JlLY Vampire. Fenn. Lionel. (Anglwn) 203 Marooned on Eden. Forward. Robert L. & Martha Dodson Forward. (Mallett) 207 Maurice Sendak. Sonheim. Amy. (Levy) 203 ME: A Novel of Self-Discovery. Thomas. Thomas T. (Reilly) 203 Me Two. Ryan. Mary C. (Wytenbroek) 205 Men, Women and Chain Gender in the Modern Horror Film. Clover. Carol J. (Klossner) 203 The Meri Bohnhoff. Maya Kathryn. (Strain) 203 Mining the Oort. Pohl. Frederik. (Miller) 206 Modern Mystery, Fantasy, and Science FICtion Write.r.s-. Cassiday. Bruce. ed. (Barron) 207 Mojo and the Pickle Jar. Bell. Douglas. (Tryforos) 207 The Money Tree. Stewart. Sarah. {Mitchell) 206 Mostly Harmless. Adams. Douglas. (Holcomb) 205 The Motion PICture Serial: An Annotated Bibliography Schutz. Wayne. (Klossner) 203 Mythology Abroad Nye. Jody Lynn. (Stevens) 204 N Nebula Awards 2S. Bishop. Michael. ed. (Sammons) 207 Ned Dameron's Waste Lands Portfolio. Dameron. Ned. (Albert) 205 The New Gothic. McGrath. Patrick & Bradford Morrow. eds. (Mingin) 205 Newer York: Stories of Science FICtion and Fantasy About the World's Greatest Gty. Watt-Evans. Lawrence. ed. (Becker) 203 The Next Three Futures: Paradigms to Come. Wagar. W. Warren. (Berger) 204(F) NICOjI: Bell. M. Shayne. (Wooster) 207 The Mght FantastIc. Anderson. Karen & Poul. eds. (Barnett) 203 Night of the Mi/ky Way Railway Miyazawa. Kenji. (Becker) 207 The Mght of Wishes. or. The SatanarchaeolIdealcoheUish Notion Potion. Ende. Michael. (Dicks) 203 Silverberg. Robert. (Baugh) 203 (A) The Nine Gates. Brugalette. Phillip. (Mallett) 203 North Carolina LiteraryReview, VoJ. 1:2. Albright. Alex. ed. (Mallett) 207 The Novels of Charles Williams. Howard. Thomas. (Colling;) 204 Now Read On: A Guide to Contemporary Popular FICtion. Hicken. Mandy & Ray Prytherch. (Barron) 203 o Obsessions. Raisor. Gary. ed. (Marx) 204 Of Force and VIolence and Other Imponderables: Essays on War, PolItics, and Government. Bretnor. Reginald. (Burgess) 204 Off WIth Their Heads: Fairy Tales and the Culture of Childhood Tatar. Maria. (Attebery) 204 Old Tales and New Truths. King. James Roy. (Attebery) 203 On Lovecrait and Life. Joshi. S. T. & R H. Barlow. (Collins) One Land, One Duke. Emerson. Ru. (Gardiner-Scott) 203 One Past Mldmi;;ht: The LangolIe.r.s-. King. Stephen. (Miller) Oracle. Resnick. Mike. (Catuogno) 205 204 206 (A) 89

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SFRA Rene" 1208, lIovember/December 1993 P Peake Studies. Winnington, G. Peter, ed. (Barron) 204(M) Peter Cushing: The Gentle Man of Horror and His 91 Films. Del Vecchio, Deborah (3 Tom Johnson. 204 Phantom Banjo. Scarborough, Elizabeth. (Herrin) 205 The Picara: From Hera to Fantasy Heroine. Kaler, Anne K. (Hollinger) 207 Picking the BaUad's Bones. Elizabeth. (Herrin) 205 Pictures by J. R R Tolkien. ToIkien, J. R. R. & Christopher Tolkien. (Attebery) 204 PITFCS: Proceedin&y of the Institute for Twenty-First Century Studies. Cogswell, Theodore R., ed. (Mallett) 205 A Plague of Angels. Tepper, Sheri. (Strain) 208 Planet Texas. Rogers. Kenny. (Baugh) 206(V) Planeta Burg. Klushantsev, Pavel. (Baugh) 204(V) Poor Thin&y: Episodes From the Early Life of Archibald McCandless, MD., Scottish Public Health Officer. Gray, AIasdair. (Strain) 206 ThePop-UpBookofM C Escher. Escher, M. C. (Miller)206 Popular Culture Genres: Theories and Texts. Berger, Arthur Asa. (Miller) 206 The Porcelain Dove, or, Constancy's Reward Sherman, Delia. (Strain) 206 The Pretender. Cooper, Louise. (Gardiner-Scott) 203 The Primal Screen: A History of the Sciel1ce Fiction Film. Brosnan, John. (Klossner) 203 Prince of Chaos. Zelazny, Roger. (Sammons) 207 Prince of Chaos. Zelazny, Roger. (Schuyler) 207 The Private World of Daphne du Maurier. Shallcross, Martyn. (Sullivan) 204 The Profession of Science Fiction: SF WnteJ:S' on TheJl' Craft and Ideas. Jakubowski, Maxim & Edward James, eds. (Taormina) 203 Publish, Don't Perish: The Scholar's Gwde to Academic Writing and Publishing. Moxley, Joseph M. (Barron) 204 PuJpmaster: The Theodore Roscoe Story. Parente, Audrey. (Collins) 203 R Raft. Baxter, Stephen. (Stevens) 203 Rain Player. Wisniewski, David. (Sherman) 208 Red Dwarf Better Than Life. Naylor, Grant. (Hellekson) 205 Red Dwarf: Infinity Welcomes Careful DriveJ:S'. Naylor, Grant. (Hellekson) 205 Red MaJ:S'. Robinson, Kim Stanley. (Stone-Blackburn) 206 Reginald's Science Fiction and Fantasy Awards: A Comprehensive Guide to the A wards and Their WinneJ:S', Third EdItion, Revised and Expanded Mallett, Daryl F. & Robert Reginald. (Barron) 205 Remaking History. Robinson, Kim Stanley. (Smith) 204 Reqwem for the Conqueror. Gear, W. Michael. (Werbaneth) 207 The Return of the Goddess: A Divine Comedy. Cunningham, Elizabeth. (Strain) 205 Return to Rocheworld Forward, Robert L. & Julie Forward Fuller. (Mallett) 204 The Revenge of The Rose. Moorcock, Michael. (Marx) 207 RJdeJ:S' of the Purple Wage. Farmer, Philip Jose. (Chapman) 204 Roald Dahl. West, Mark I. (Levy) 204 90

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SFRA Revle ... '208, lIoyember/December 1993 Robert Silverberg's Many Trapdoors: Critical Essa}'! on His Science Fiction. Greenberg, Martin H. & Charles L. Elkins, eels. (Taormina) 203 S Sarah Canary. Fowler, Karen Joy. (Bog;tad) 207 Sarah Canary. Fowler, Karen Joy. CHellekson) 206 The Satamc MiD. Preussler, Oetfried. (Blakeley) 207 Scare Tactics: The Art, Craft, and Trade Secrets of WntJiJg; Producing; and Directing ChilJers and ThriUers. Russo, John. (Neilson) 204 The Science-Fantasy Publishers: A Critical and Blbhograpmc History. Third EditJon. Chalker, Jack L. & Mark (Reginald)203(F) Science FictJon Age. Edelman, Scott, ed. (Sanders) 204(M) Science FictJon and Fantasy Book Review Index, Volume 20, 1989. Hall, Hal W. (Mallett) 207 Science FiCtIon and Fantasy Literature, 1975-1991: A BiblIography of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Books and Nonfiction Monographs. Reginald, Robert. (Barron) 204 Science FiCtIon Comics: The IUustrated History. Benton, Mike. (potts) 203 Science Fiction, Fantasy, &' Horror, 1991. Brown, Charles N. & William G. Contento, eds. (Barron) 203 Science FictJon Films. Haycock, Kate. (Klossner) 203 Science, Pseudo-Science, and Utopianism in Early Modern Thought. McKnight, Stephen A., ed. (Stevens) 204 The Search for E T. BeD. Reid, Constance. (Bleiler) The Secret History. Tartt, Donna. (Feehan) 206 207 The Secret of the Seven WiUoWoY. McKean, Thomas. (Sherman) 205 Serling: The Rise and FaU of Television's Last Angryr Man. Sander, Gordon F. (Stevens) 204 Serpent Catch. Wolverton, Dave. (Levy) 208 The Serpent's Tooth. Paxson, Diana. (Chapman) 204 Seven Gothic Dramas, /789-1825. Cox, Jeffrey N., ed. (Billy) 204 ShadoWoY of Forgotten Ancestors: A Search for MJo We Are. Sagan, Carl & Ann Druyan. (Miller) 206 Shamrocks and Sea Silver and Other IUuminatlons. Wibberley, Leonard. (Stevens) 204 The Shining Ones. Edding;, David. (Strain) Shivering World. Tyers, Kathy: (Attebery) Sideshow. Tepper, Sheri S. (Hellekson) 205 208 203 207 Silent Thunder-lng, Dean! Um'verse--Heinlein, Robert A. (Smith) Silver Princess, Golden Knight. Green, Sharon. (Strain) 206 Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and the Idea of Righteousness. Morgan, Gerald. (Williams) 203 Snow Mllte, Blood Red. Datlow, Ellen & Terri Windling, eds. (Sanders) 204 SOL Rising: The NeWoYletter of the Friends of the Merril CoUectJon of Science FiCtion, Sp}culatJon, and Fantasy. Merril Collection. (Mallett) 20S(M) The Solar Wind. Tsang, Eric. (Morgan) 208 A Song for Arbonne. Kay, Guy Gavriel. CHellekson) A Song for Arbonne. Kay, Guy Gavriel. (Strain) 203 Specterworld. Haiblum, Isidore. (Carper) 207 204 The Spiral Dance. Garcia y Robertson, R (Rigg;) 207 Staging the ImpossIble: The Fantastic Mode in Modern Drama. Murphy, Patrick, ed. (Smith) 204 Star Trek: Best Destiny. Carey, Diane. (Baugh) 204 91

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SFRA Revle .... 208, November/December 1993 Star Trek: Best Destiny. Carey. Diane. (Baugh) 204(A) Star Trek: Death Count. Graf. L. A. (Mallett) 203 Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: Bloodletter. Jeter. K. W. (Mallett)206 Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: EIrllisary. Dillard. J. M. (Mallett) 204 Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: The Big Game. Schofield. Sandy. (Mallett) 208 Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: The Siege. David. Peter. (Mallett)204 Star Trek: Sanctuary. Vornholt. John. (Mallett) 203 Star Trek: Shadows on the Sun. Friedman. Michael Jan. (Zehner) 206 Star Trek: The Great Starshlp Race. Carey. Diane. (Mallett) 208 Star Trek: The Next Generation: Chains of Command McCay. Bill & Eloise Flood. (Mallett) 203 Star Trek: The Next Generation: Dark Mirror. Duane. Diane. (Mallett) 208 Star Trek: The Next Generation: Grounded. Bischoff. David. (Mallett) 206 Star Trek: The Next Generation: Guises of the Mind Neason. Rebecca. (Mallett) 208 Star Trek: The Next Generation: IrnzadJ: David. Peter. (Miller) 206 Star Trek: The Next Generation: Relics. Friedman. Michael Jan. (Mallett) 203 Star Trek: The Next Generation: Spartacus. Mancour. T. L. (Mallett) 204 Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Devil's Heart. Carter. Carmen. (Mallett) 204 Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Devil's Heart. Carter. Carmen. (Mallett) 204(A) Star Trek: The Next Generation: The Romulan Prize. Hawke. Simon. (Mallett) 204 Star Trek: The Next Generation: War Drums. Vornholt. John. (Mallett)203 The Star Trek: The Next Generation Compamon. Nemecek. Larry. (Barron) 203 The Star Trek: The Next Generation Compamon. Nemecek. Larry. (Mallett) 203 Star Trek: The Next GeneratJon Font Pack. Bitstream. (Mallett) 20S(M) Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country. Dillard. J. M. (Mallett) 203 Star Trek Font Pack. Bitstream. (Mallett) 20S(M) Star Wan": From Concept to Screen to CoUectJble. Sansweet. Stephen J. (Letson) 205 Star Wreck: The GeneratJon Gap. Rewolinski. Leah. (Miller) 206 StarBridge. Book Four: Serpem's Gift. Crispin. A. C. & Deborah A. Marshall. (Wells) 203 State of the Fantastic: Studies in the TheoTY. and Practice of Fantastic Literature and Film. Ruddick. Nicholas. ed. (Collins) 204 Stephen King: Master of Horror. Saidman. Anne. (Collings) 203 Still Dead: Book of the Dead 2. Skipp. John & Craig Spector. eds. (Umland) 203 Stinker's Return. Service. Pamela F. (Khanna) 205 Stories and Society: Children's Literature in its Social Context. Butts. Dennis. ed. (Levy) 204 Strange Devices of the Sun and Moon. Goldstein. Lisa. (Strain) 204 Street Magic. Reaves. Michael. (Carper) 204 Styles of CreatJon: Aesthetic Techm'que and the Creation of FictJonal Worlds. Slusser. George E. & Eric S. Rabkin. eds. (Samuelson) 204 SurnmerofNight. Simmons. Dan. (Dudley) 204 Superhero Comics of the Golden Age: The IUustrated History. Benton. Mike. (Latham) 203 92

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S'RA Rene" 1208, lIovember/December 1993 Supematural Fiction for Teens: More than 1300 Good Paperbacks to Read for Wonderment. FeaT, and Fun. Second Edition. Kies. Cosette N. (Reginald) 203 The Supematural in Gothic Fiction: Horror. Belief. and Literary Change. Geary. Robert F. (Heller) 204 T TAD-Sa-JRIFT: Twenty Year.s of y.stery Fandom in The Armchair Detective. Cox. J. Randolph. ed. (Miller) 206 Take Back Your Government: A PractiClJI Handbook for the Private Citizen Ut'llo Wants' Democracy to Work Heinlein. Robert A (Oareson) 203 Taking Wing Watt-Evans. Lawrence. (Rothschild) 205 Taliesin's Telling. Sampson. Fay. (Morgan) 205 Tatham Mound. Anthony. Piers. (Mallett) 203 TekVengeance. Shatner. William. (McVei8h) 205 Textual P08cher.s: Television Fans (:/ PartJcipatory Culture. Jenkins. Henry. (Hellekson) 205 Textual Poacher.s: Televi
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SFRA Renew'208, lIovember/December 1993 Vampire: The ComE/ete Gwde to the World of the Undead Manuela Dunn. (Gordon) 204 Mascetti, The Verdant Passage. Denning, Troy. (Dudley) 204 The VJdeo Watchdog Book Lucas, Tim. (Klossner) 203 Virgil Finlay's Strange Science. Finlay, Virgil. (Albert) 205 Virgil Finlay's Women of the Ages. de la Ree, Gerry & Virgil Finlay. 203 (Albert) Virtual Girl Thomson, Amy. (Miller) 207 VOICes Prophesying War: Future War.s-, 1763-3749, Second Edition. Qarke, I. F. (Wolfe) 204 W The WaD at the Edge of the World. Aikin, Jim. (Humphrey) 205 Walter M Miller Jr.: A Bio-bIbhography. Roberson, William H. & Robert L. Battenfeld. (Levy) 204 Warpath. Daniel, Tony. (Strain) 207 The Wealdwife's Tale. Hazel, Paul. (Strain) 204 A Wealth of Fable. Warner, Harry Jr. (Miller) 206 Weirdos Of the Uw"ver.s-e Unite! Service, Pamela F. (Eiken) 203 Wet Work Nutman, Philip. (Mockridge) 205 MJo's MJo in Space: The InternatIonal Space Year Edition. Cassutt, Michael. (Mallett) 207 The Wild Strieber, Whitley. (Dudley) 208 The Wild Blue and the Gray. Sanders, William. (Carper) Wild Magk: The Immortals. Pierce, Tamora. (Meyer) 205 205 Winged Warfare: The Literature and Theory of Aen'al Wa.rl8re in Bntain, 1859-1917. Paris, Michael. (Qarke) 204 WJrch of the North. Jones, Courtway: (Strain) 203 WJrches Abroad. Pratchett, Terry. (Hellekson) 206 WJrches Abroad. Pratchett, Terry. (Morgan) 204 The WIZard ofOz. Rushdie, Salman. (Albert) 203 The WIZard of Oz CoDector's Treasury. Scarfone, Jay & William Stillman. (Barron) 203 The Wolf and the Raven. Paxson, Diana L. (Williams) 206 Wol/king. Wood, Bridget. (Morgan) 208 Wol/king. Wood, Bridget. (Strain) 208 Wordwright. Deitz, Tom. (Zehner) 206 The Work of Brian W Aldiss: An Annotated BIbhographyand Gwde. Aldiss, Margaret. (Barron) 204 Wren's Quest. Smith, Sherwood. (Shovan) 207 y Yesterday'S TomorroVlS: The Golden Age of Science FictIon Movie Poster.s-, 1950-1964 Wright, Bruce Lanier. (Klossner)206 Young Santa. Greensburg, Dan. (Amelinckx) 207 Z Zeus and Co. Jones, David Lee. (Mallett) 206 94

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STRA Reriew'208, lIovember/December 1993 THE SCIEnCE FICTIOn RESERRCH RSSOCIRTlOn The SFRA is the oldest professional organization for the study of science fiction, fantasy, and horror/Gothic literature and film, and utopian studies. Founded in 1970, the SFRA was organized to improve classroom teaching, encourage and assist scholarship, and evaluate and pUblicize new books and magazines dealing with fantastic literature and film. Among the membership are people from many countries-authors, editors, publishers, librarians, students, teachers, and other interested readers. Academic affiliation is not a requirement for membership. SFRA BENEFITS INCLUDE: Extrapolation. Quarterly magazine; the oldest journal in the field, with critical, historical, and bibliographical articles, book reviews, letters, occasional special topic issues, annual index. Science-Fiction Studies. Trimesterly magazine; includes critical, historical, and bibliographical articles, review articles, reviews, notes, letters, international coverage with abstracts in French and English, annual index. SFRA Review. Bimonthly magazine; an organ of the SFRA, this magazine includes extensive book reviews of both nonfiction and fiction, review articles, listings of new and forthcoming books, letters, SFRA internal affairs, calls for papers, works in progress, media reviews, etc., annual index. SFRA Directory. Annual directory; lists members' names and addresses, phone numbers, special interests. Foundation. (For an added fee). Trimesterly magazine. Discount on subscription price; includes critical, historical, and bibliographical articles, reviews, letters. AS A MEMBER YOU ARE ALSO INVITED TO: Attend our annual meetings, held in a different location each year. Members and guests-many of them professional writers-present papers, share information, and discuss common interests, all in a relaxed, informal environment. Much of the significant scholarly literature, available at discounted prices, is displayed. The Pilgrim and Pioneer Awards for distinguished contributions to SF or fantasy scholarship are presented at a dinner meeting. Participate in the Association's activities. Vote in elections, serve on committees, hold office, and contribute reviews to SFRA Review. Join the SFRA section on GEnie, where the SFRT (SF Round Table) has a private category where SFRA category where SFRA members meet in "cyberspace" to conduct business, exchange information, or enjoy real-time discussions. Contribute to the "Support a Scholar" program. SFRA members help needy young scholars here and overseas continue their study of SF/F. [Annual membership dues cover only the actual costs of providing benefits to members, and reflect a modest savings over subscriptions to the publications listed above. Your dues may be a tax deductible expense.]

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S'RA Rene .... 208. Koyember/December 1993 SFRA mEmBERSHIP APPLICATIOn Please mail this completed fonn with your check for dues. payable to SFRAin U.S. do\lars to: Robert J. Ewald, SFRA Treasurer; 552 W. Uncoln Street; Findlay, OH 45840. Dues: U.S.A. Canada Overseas Individual 1 $60 $65 $70 Dues Joint2 $70 $75 $80 Srudent 3 $50 $55 $60 Other Instituion 4 $80 $80 $80 EmerirusS $30 $35 $40 Total If you wish to receive the British journal Foundation (3 iss/year), add $17 ($20 for airmail). Add $15 for airmail of DirectolJ'and SFRA Review. 1 aU standard listed benefits 2 two members in the same household; two listings in the DirectolJ'1istings. but wiD receive one set of journals 3 category may be used for a maximum offive years 4 aU priveleges except voting 5 receives SFRA Reviewand DirectolJ' This membership is for the calendar year 1993. This infonnation wiD appear in the /993 SFRA Directory. Name: Mailing address: Homephone: ________________________________________ ___ Businessphone: ______________________________________ ___ ________________________________________ ___ Birnet/Genie/other numbers: ________________________________ My principal interests in fantastic literature are (limit to 30 words): ___ Repeat last years entry.

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SFRA Rerlew '208, lIovember/December 1993 All books and correspondence should be sent to Daryl F. Mallett, Editor; SFRA Review, 11461 Magnolia Avenue, Ste. 251; Riverside, CA 92505 USA. Changes of address and inquiries regarding membership should be sent to Robert J. Ewald, Treasurer; 552 W. Lincoln Street; Findlay, OH 45840. A charge of $2.00 will be assessed for forwarding copies returned due to incorrect addresses. INFORMATION FOR PUBLISHERS: Please send two copies of each book to: Daryl F. Mallett, Editor; SFRA Review, 11461 Magnolia Avenue, Ste. 251; Riverside, CA 92505 USA. One copy will be sent out for review for SFRA Review and the other for The Science Fiction Book Review Annual We will send two copies of each published review. INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS: All manuscripts may be submitted in two forms. On disk: on either 31/2 or 51/4 inch disks, IBM formatted preferably in MicrosoftWord for DOS 5.0, but also in ASCII, Text only, WordPerfect, MicrosoftWord for Windows or WordStar. Sorry, no Apple disks. Manuscript: Double-spaced on one side of the sheet. All reviews must list: Author(s), Tide of the Book, City of publication: Publisher, date of publication, pagination, cloth or paper, price, ISBN. Reviews not meeting these requirements will not be published. Editor's Note: I like one to two page reviews; longer than that and they tend to not get looked at except as filler space. DISCLAIMER: The opinions expressed in individual reviews do not reflect the opinions of the SFRA at large, or the editor, but only that of the reviewer. A publication of The Science Fiction Research Association Published and distributed by Golden Lion Enterprises Typesetting by Angel EnterpriSes Cover Design by Highpoint Type & Graphics Printed by Van Volumes Ltd. in the United States of America


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