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SFRA Review

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Title:
SFRA Review
Alternate Title:
Science Fiction Research Association Review
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Serial
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English
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Science Fiction Research Association
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Science Fiction Research Association
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Eugene, Ore
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Science fiction -- History and criticism   ( lcsh )
Fantasy fiction -- History and criticism -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Science fiction -- Book reviews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Fantasy fiction -- Book reviews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
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non-fiction   ( marcgt )
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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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usfldc doi - S67-00097-n210-1994-03_04
usfldc handle - s67.97
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SFS0024513:00097


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SFRA Reriew'210, MarchI April 1994 II THIIIIIUE: IFlllmlnll IFFIIII: BFRAREVIEW laauB #210. President's Message (Mead) SFRA Executive Committee Meeting Minutes (Gordon) New Members & Changes of Address "And Those Who Can't Teach .. ." (Zehner) Editorial (Mallett) IEnEIll mIICEWn!l: Forthcoming Books (BarronlMallett) News & Information (BarronlMallett) FEITUREI: Feature Article: "Animation-Reference. History. Biography" (Klossner) Feature Review: Zaki. Hoda M. Phoenix Renewed: The Survival and Mutation of Utopian ThouFdlt in North American Science Fiction, 19651982. Revised Edition. (Williams) An Interview with A E. van Vogt (Mallett/Slusser) REVIEWS: Fledll: Acres. Mark. Dragonspawn. (Mallett) Card. Orson Scott. Future on Fire. (Collings) Card. Orson Scott. Xenoclde. (Brizzi) Cassutt. Michael. Dragon Season. (Herrin) Chalker. Jack L. The Run to Chaos Keep. (Runk) Chappell. Fred. More Shapes Than One. (Marx) Clarke. Arthur C. & Gentry Lee. The Garden ofRama. (Runk) Cohen. Daniel. Railway Ghosts and Highway Horrors. (Sherman) Cole. Damaris. Token ofDraqonsblood. (Becker) Constantine. Storm. Aleph. (Morgan) Constantine. Storm. Hermetech. (Morfin) Cooper. Louise. The Pretender. (Gardmer-Scott) Cooper. Louise. Troika. (Gardiner-Scott) Cooper. Louise. Troika. (Morgan) Dahl. Roald. The Minpins. (Spivack) Danvers. Dennis. Wilderness. (Anon.) De Haven. Tom. The End-of-Everything Man. (Anon.) Deitz. Tom. Soulsmith. (posner) Deitz. Tom. Stoneskin's Revenge. (Levy)

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SFRA Review 1210, MarchI Apm 1994 Denning. Troy. The Verdant Passage. (Dudley) Denton. Bradley. Buddy HoDy Ahire and WeD on Ganymede. (Carper) Disch. Tom. Dark Ver.s-es & Light. (Lindow) Drake. David. The Jungle. (Stevens) Duane. Diane & Peter Morwood. Space Cops Mindblast. (Gardiner-Scon) Emshwiller. Carol. The Start of the End oflt AU. (Bogstad) Emshwiller. Carol. The Start of the End oflt AU. (Mingin) Hawke. Simon. Star Trek: The Patrian Transgression. (Mallen) Lumley. Brian. Tarra Khash: Hrossak! (Morgan) McAuley. Paul J. Etemal Light. (Morgan) McAuley. Paul J. The King of the Hill. (Morgan) Sheldon. Sidney. The Doomsday Conspiracy. (Larrier) Shelley. Rick. The Hero of Va ray. (Becker) Sherman. Joel Henry. Random Factor. (Dudley) Silko. Leslie. Almanac of the Dead. (Anon) Silverberg. Robert & Martin H. Greenberg. The Horror HaD of Fame. (Levy) Simmons. Dan. Summer of Night. (Dudley) Sirota. Michael B. Bicycling Throul?h Space and Time. (Anglum) Sirota. Michael B. The WeD. (Sanaers) Skipp. John & Craig Spector. The Bridge. (Sanders) Somtow. S. P. Riverrun. (Anon.) Spinrad. Norman. Russian Spring. (Wooster) Stabenow. Dana. A Handful ofStar.s-. (Collins) Stasheff. Christopher. A CompanyofStar.s-. (Mallen) Stirling. S. M. & David Drake. The GeneraL (Satorius) Strieber. Whitley. The Wild (Dudley) Sturgis. Susanna J .. editor. Tales of Realism by Women: Dreams in a Minor Key. (Lindow) Thompson. W. R Star Trek: The Next Generation: Debtor's Planet. (Zehner) Tilton. Lois. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: BetrayaL (Mallen) 2

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SFRA Rene .... 210, Mareh/April1994 BFRA INTERNAL AFFAIRB P:.R..ESlDDVrS .MESSAGE The Executive Committee met in telephonic conference Sunday, January 23rd to discuss the business of SFRA. I am pleased to report to you that our organization is on reasonably sound economic footing for the time being. thanks largely to the reduced expense of producing the SFRA Review. Issuing six "double-number" issues per year saves a substantial sum over the old format, as does the attendant reduction in mailing costs. Editor Daryl F. Mallett, barring further catastrophes, should have SFRAR on schedule sometime in 1994. I am looking forward to seeing the two special volumes he is preparing with Milton T. Wolf and Hal W. Hall, the Reno Conference Proceeding; and the Pilgrim Award history, respectively. Our membership LS steady at a linle over 315 members. This is about the minimum needed to maintain the publish the Review. and so forth. So let me call on you once agam to do all you can to help recruit new members. We have some very nice brochures to support your efforts; just let me know you need some and they'll go out to you post haste. Elizabeth Anne Hull and Beverly Friend are planning a very interesting annual meeting. SFRA's 25th, by the way, in Arlington Heights, Illinois. They have a wonderful roster of guest writers and a fine selection of panels and activities. This promises to be one of our best meeting; ever. I hope to see many of you there, July 7 -1 0, 1994. Finally, I will ride my volunteerism hobby-horse once more: Please don't wait to be asked to do something for SFRA. If you would like to become more active in the organization-or change the dumb way thing; are being done-let us know you want to get involved. There are a lot of jobs that need doing. Please, take a hand. RFRR EXECUTIVE COmmiTTEE mEETing minUTER Janua".! 22, By CanfBl'lnCB Call -David Mead The meeting convened at 9: 15 p.m., Eastern time. Present were David Mead, President; Muriel Becker, Vice President; Joan Gordon, Secretary; Robert Ewald, Treasurer; Peter Lowentrout, Immediate Past President; and Daryl F. Mallett, SFRA ReviewEditor. There were no additions or corrections to the last meeting's minutes. Becker requested that in the future, Gordon send rough drafts of minutes to all Executive Committee members. Gordon agreed. Mead requested that any 3

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/Aprll1994 recommendations for amendations to those rough drafts be sent on to him and he would be responsible for the distribution of the final draft of the minutes. Officers' reports followed. President: Mead is sending a letter to the membership on the state of the organization, the Review, and members' Foundation subscriptions, and also asking for advice and nominations for the Pioneer and Pilgrim Award Committees. Vice President: Becker had nothing to report. Secretary: Gordon is taking on the job of sending welcome letters to new members, being sure to mention the upcoming conference. She reported that the Pioneer Award Committee is working toward its decision. Mead suggested a cover letter with the next dues notice. Gordon received a letter from SFW A President Joe Haldeman, who is consulting with his Executive Committee about the possibility of trading organizational memberships. Haldeman said a possible sticking point is their Directory, which they sell for $60, though they don't sell very many. Treasurer: Ewald said the organization is in good financial shape, with 315 paid memberships for 1993, and 84 so far in 1994. We have a $10,968 balance, minus magazine expenses. The Reviewis coming in at fairly low cost, averaging about $1,200 per issue. Art Evans at Science-Fiction Studies reports that the cost of his journal to our organization will rise from $9 to $10 per issue in 1995. Ewald IS sending letters to all old members about their Foundation subscriptions. Immediate Past President: Lowentrout is receiving letters of interest about SFRA and sending information out. It is time to form a committee to nominate new officers, with Lowentrout as Chair. Executive Committee members are to drop notes to Mead with suggested names. SFRA Review Editor: SFRAR issues #206 and #207 have been sent out. #208 is at the printer. #209, #210, and #211 are all going to the printer and should be mailed out before conference time. Mallett asked each Executive Committee member for an essay. Mead asked Mallett to put SFRA Conference annoucements at the front of future issues of the Review. Mead reminded Mallett that the Review should 1) Diffi.JSe information to/for the organization, 2) Review nonfiction, and 3) Review SF. Mead is concerned that the Review may look to fannish, so please put SFRA materials first. The whole Committee was very happy with the obituary remembrance notices. Mallett pleads with all members for reviews and material. Old Business: Ewald will flag overseas airmail RevieTkS and Directories on his mailing lists for Mallett. Becker requested that the Executive Committee receive their Revie'WS by first class mail. New Business: The Pilgrim and Pioneer Award Committees are under control. We need a new budget and Treasurer's Report to publish in the Review. Nominating committees for the awards will be appointed. Mallett request reorganizing his conference in 1995 from Southern California to Phoenix, due to his move (all correspondence to him now to go to: 717 S. Mill Avenue, #87; Tempe, AZ 85281). 4 The meeting adjourned cordially at 9:57 p.m. -Respectfully submitted, Joan Gordon SFRA Secretary

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SFRA ReneIFf210, March/Apm 1994 nEW mEmBERS Ii ROORESS CHRnBES New Members: Address/Status Changes: Daryl F. Mallett 717 S. Mill Avenue, #87 Tempe, AZ 85281 BUEST EOITORIRl: "RnO THOSE WHO CRnlT. TERCH ... My name is Clint Zehner, and I'm a reviewer for the SFRA Review. Sounds kind of like something from an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting, doesn't it? Well, reviewers, like alcoholics and most other groups, have their share of problems. First, who am I and what qualifies me to write reviews? I graduated from the University of California, Riverside three years ago with a B.S. degree in Economics, with emphases in Performing Arts and Physics, as well as experience in Business Administration. Come August 1994, I hope to be attending graduate school. pursuing my M.S. in Computer Science. What that has to do with reviewing books, I'm not sure, but as for what qualifies me to do so ... not much, excpet for a great love of reading (including science fiction, fantasy, natural science, and anything that's being banned) and the ability to use a typewriter (yes, a typewriter). Years ago, I did a book report while in high school on a fantasy book which I interspersed quite liberally with quotes and which had never actually been written. I took the quotes from various real fantasy books and changed the names to be consistent. This was pretty much the start of my book reviewing, not to mention the occasional bit of creative writing. (By the way, I got an "A-", not too bad for a nonexistent book!) It has been said that those who can't do, teach. And those who can't teach, criticize. That's how I feel many times when I sit down to write a review. An artist (for writing is an art) has seent anywhere from two months (for, say, Mercedes Lackey) to many years (for example, Robert Asprin with his most recent) working on their artwork, going through trials, dealing with writer's block, computer crashes, etc., and yet still managing to write something on which we're willing to spend between five and twenty-five of my hard-earned dollars, and we, as critics and reviewers, are going to have the unmitigated gall to say, "well, it was pretty good, but the characterization was trite" or something similarly not-so-complimentary. I've known authors who spent hours trying to find the right word for their characters, and we're saying the plot was slow. Just a bit arrogant on our part, don't you think? In many ways, it is. However, what we can't put into every line of a review (although I try) is the phrase in one form or another, "in my opinion." The main reason for this article is because of those three words, "in my opinion." That is all it is. In myopinion, The Lord of the trilogy reads like a boring history text. In my opinion, the two-thirds of Dcme that I did manage to finish was a waste of my time. However, if someone else reads these books and enjoys them or gets something out of them or decides to see 5

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SFRA Revlell"'210, March/Aprl11994 what other great science fiction or fantasy authors are out there because of them, that's GREAT! They are not for me, that's all. Some readers may have noticed-if anyone truly reads SFRA Review, since hardly anyone writes for it-that I don't give truly bad reviews. There are several reasons for this. One is that I seldom read truly bad books. Like most of us, I have a fairly limited budget for books, so I have a tendency to stick with authors and series I've read before and enjoyed. Two, if a book is truly awful (in my opinion, of course), I probably won't bother finishing it. I have better things to do with my time than to read something I don't like, not even to write a review warning others away. And three, most books do have at least some redeeming qualities, whether the sense of humor (which can make a huge difference, in my opinion), the characterization, the description, the ideas, the ideals, the morals ... whatever. As a reviewer, I also owe my readers the honesty of my feelings, as well as having the obligation not to InSult the writers eersonally. Therefore, my solution has been to try and talk to you readers as if you were my friends, and I was telling you about the book I just read. If you disagree with my reviews, that's fine. If you agree, that's even better. But if you find an author that you really like based on a recommendation I gave, that's the best I can hope to accomplish. I love reading and am a true bibliophile, and even if you use my reviews in the negative ("Zehner's review in SFRAR last month said he loved it...!'m going to avoid it."), the way I often do with Siskel and Ebert, that's great because we have one thing in common ... great books, whomever may have written them. -Oint Zehner EDITORIAL Yet another retroactive issue utilizing the material sent me by Bob Collins for 1991...stuff which never appeared within our pages. As you can see, I have hardly any nonfiction reviews .. .! don't know why, because I know you're all reading something. .. As I glance through the Locus 1993 Recommended Reading List's Nonfiction section, I am brought back to the words of 1993 Pilgrim Award winner, Robert Reginald, where he mentioned our responsibility as members of SFRA and as scholars to produce well-crafted scholarly works. I'm delighted to see numerous SFRAns on the list; of the sixteen books listed, six works comprise nine SFRA members and a seventh work was edited and published by two of the above-listed SFRAns, and several of the other books listed are by former SFRAns. Needless to say, SFRA is quite proud of yall! Apologies for being out of touch for so long. Not much to report, but again, my new address is 7I 7 S. Mill Avenue, #87; Tempe, AZ 85281. Thanks to Dave Mead for the letter of support and to the members who have responded. I still need stuff & help. If you're interested in serving on the SFRA Editorial Advisory Board, please drop me a line. I need reviews, articles, essays, interviews, syllabi, and more!!!! Yet again, as usual, thanks go to my wife Annette, my son Jake, and colleagues like Clint Zehner, Kimberly J. Baltzer, Arthur Loy Holcomb, the folks at Borgo, and the EC. 6

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SFRA Reriew'210, March/Apm 1994 Ad astra. -Daryl F. Mallett 7

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CO.TERE.CE DIRECTORS: EUZABETB ANNE Hul.Lt PH.D. Liberal Am Division William Rainey Harper College. Palauoc.lL 6
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SFRA Reriewr'210, March/April 1994 GENERAL MISCELLANY FORTHComlna BOOKS Date of publication as shown. (P)=publication confirmed, (R)=reprint. All unconfirmed dates are tentative, delays are common. Most original books have been or will be reviewed in these pages. These books listed here have never been reviewed in SFRAR. .. REFeREnCE Bova, Ben. The Craft of Writing Science Fiction That Sells. Writers Digest Books,1994. Bunson, Matthew. The Vampire Encyclopedia. Crown, Jun 1993 (P). Card, Orson Scott. How to Wnte Science Fiction and Fantasy, SFBC, May 1994. Chalker, Jack L. & Mark The Science-Fantasy Publishers: Supplement One, July 1991-June 1992. Mirage Pr. (P). Avail. to those who bought the base vol. Dozois, Gardner, et aI, eds. Writing Science Fiction and Fantasy: Twenty Dynamic &says by Todav's Top Professionals. St. Martin's, Mar 1993. Eighteen-Bisang, Robert. Dracula: An Annotated BIbliography Transylvania Pr., Fa11994. Flaum, Eric & David Pandy. The Encyclopedia of Mythology. Gee, Robin. 1993 Novel & Short Story Wnters Market. Writer'S Digest Books, Feb 1993. Hall, Hal. W. Science Fiction and Fantasy Reference Index, 1985-1991: An International Author and Subject Index to History and Criticism. Libraries Unlimited, 1993 (P). Hall, Hal W. Science Fiction and Fantasy Research Index, Vol. /0. SFBRl & Borgo Pr., Spr 1994. Harbottle, Philip & Stephen Holland. British Science Fiction Paperbacks, 1949-1956: An Annotated Bibhography Borgo Pr., Spr 1994. Hubbard, L. Ron. The Creative Writing Handbook, Wnting for PubhcatJon. Bridge, May 1994. Jackson, Guide M. Encyclopedia of TradItIonal Epics. ABC-CLIO, Jun 1994. Jones, Stephen, ed. The Mammoth Book of Zombies. Carroll & Graf, 1993. [Reviewed by Ron and Jan Wolfe in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy, contact me. -D.F.M.] Lynn, Ruth Nadelman. Fantasy LIterature for Children and Young Adults: An Annotated BIbhography, Fourth Edition. Bowker, Jun 1994. McOoud, Scott. Understanding Comics. Kitchen Sink Pr., 1993; HarperPerennial, May 1994. [Reviewed by Ron and Jan Wolfe in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy, contact me. -D.F.M.] 9

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SFRA Rene.'210, March/Aprll1994 Miles, Robert. Gothic WrItmg. 1764-1850: A Genealogy. Routledge, Jun 1993. Ochoa, George & Jeff Osier. The WrIters Gwde to Creating a Science Fiction Umverse. Writer's Digest, Mar 1993. Ramsland, Katherine. The Vampire Companion: The Ollicial Guide to Anne Rices The Vampire Chronicles. Ballantine, Oct 1993. Reid, Jane Davidson & Chris Rohmann. The Oxford Guide to Qassical Mythology in the Arts, 13oo-199Os. Oxford Univ. Pr., 1993, 2 v. (P). [Reviewed by Jack Perry Brown in LIbrary Journal, September 1, 1993. D.F.M.] Shippey, Christie & Tom, eds. The Good Science Fiction Guide. Blackwell, Mar 1993. Slavicsek, William. A Guide to the Star Wars Universe, 2nd Ed .. BallantinelDel Rey, Mar 1994. Toufic, Jala\. Vampires: A Post-Modern VLS-ion of the Undead in Film and Literature. Station Hill Press, Mar 1993. HIBTDRY Ii CRITICiSm Alkon, Pau\. Science Fiction Before 1900. Macmillan Twayne, Mar 1994. Andriano, Joseph. Our Ladies of Darkness: Female Demonology in Male Gothic Fiction. Penn St. Univ. Pr., 1993 (P). Anon. The Enchanted World Ghosts. Anon. The Enchanted World: The Lore of Love. Anon. The Enchanted World: Magical Justice. Anon. World Mythology. Henry Holt & Co., 1993 (P). [Reviewed in American Libraries, Dec 1993. For a copy, contact me. -D.F.M.] Asher, R E. in Renaruance France: Francus, Samothes, and the Druids. Edinbur Univ. Pr., 1993. Asimov, Isaac & Freden Pohl. Our Angry Earth. Tor, Apr 1993 (R). Barr, Marleen S. Feminist Fabulation: Space/Postmodern Fiction. Univ. of Iowa Pr., Nov 1992. Barr, Marleen S. Lost in Space: Probing Feminist Science Fiction and Beyond Univ. of North Carolina Pr., Nov 1993. Bloch, Robert. The Eighth State of Fandom. Wildside Pr. (P) (R of 1962 ed. w/new introduction and afterword). Bradbury, Ray. Zen in the Art of WrItmg. Third Edition. Capra Pr., Sep 1993 (P). Bukatman, Scott. Terminal Identity: The Virtual Subject in Postmodern Science Fiction. Duke Univ. Pr., Jun 1993. Calderwood, James L. A Midsummer Nights Dream. Twayne, 1993 (P). Canto, Christopher & Odile Faliu. The HLS-tory of the Future: Images of the 21st Century. Ronin Publishing Inc., 1993. Carpenter, Thomas H. & Christopher A. Faraone, eds. Masks of Dionysus. Cornell Univ. Pr., 1993 (P). Cassiday, Bruce, ed. Modern Mystery, Fantasy, and Science Fiction Wnters. Continuum, Dec 1993. Clareson, Thomas D. Understanding ContemfXJrary American Science Fiction: The Formative PerIOd, 1926-1970. Univ. of S. Carolina Pr., Dec 1992. Clarke, Arthur C. By Space Possessed: Essays on the Exploration of Space. Gollancz, Ju11993. Oarke, Arthur C. The Colours oflnfinity. Gollancz, Jun 1994. 10

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SFRA Rev.ieW"210, March/April 1994 Oarke, Arthur C. How the World Was One: The Turbulent History of Global Communications. Gollancz, Jul1993 (R). Coren, Michael. The Invislble Man: The life and uberties of H G. WelLs-. Macmillan Atheneum, Aug 1993 (P). [Reviewed by Tony Moser in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy, contact me. -D.F.M.J Costello, Matthew J. How to Write Science Fiction. Paragon House (P). Cott, Jonathan. Isis and Osiris: A 5,OOO-Year-Old Love Story. Doubledar' Feb 1994. [Reviewed by Alice Joyce in BookJist, Jan IS, 1994. -D.F.M. Cranch, Christopher Pearse. Three Children's Novels by Christopher Pearse Cranch. edited by Greta D. little & Joel Myerson. Univ. of Georgia Pr., 1993. Douglas, Adam. The Beast Within: A History of the Werewoll Chapmans l1I<., Oct 1992. Fausett, David John. Writing the New World: Imaginary Voyages and Utopias of the Great Southern Land Syracuse Univ. Pr., Feb 1994. Goulart, Ron. The Comic Book Reader's Compamon. HarperCollins, Apr 1993. Guthke, Karl S. The Last Frontier: Imagining Othe Worlds, tram the Copermcan Revolutlon to Modern Science Fiction. Cornell Univ. Pr., Jun 1993 (R). Hall, Hal W. & Daryl F. Mallett, eds. Pilgrims and PJoneers. SFRA Press, 1994. Hanson, Bruce K. The Peter Pan Chromdes: The Nearly 100Year History of the "Boy Mlo Wouldn't Grow Carol PublishinglBirch Lane, May 1993. Harbottle, Philip & Stephen Holland. Vultures of the VOla: A HistoryofBntish Science FiCtlon Publishing, 1946-1956. Borgo Pr., Dec 1992 (P). Harger-Grinling, Virginia, ed. Robbe-Grillet and the Fantastic: A CoUection of Essays. Greenwood Pr., Feb 1994. Haschak, Paul G. Utopian/Dystopian Literature. Scarecrow Press, Spr 1994. Hasse, Donald. The Recepaon of Grimm's Fairy Tales; Responses, Reactlons, Revislons. Wayne State Univ. Pr., 1993. Hawk, Pat. Hawk's Author's Pseudonyms for Book CoUectors. Pat Hawk, May 1993. Heirn, Michael. The Metaphysics of Virtual Reah"ty. Oxford Univ. Pr., Jun 1993. Hopkins, Andrea. Chronicles of King Arthur. Viking, Jan 1994. James, Edward. Science FiCtlon in the Twentieth Century. Oxford Univ. Pr., Spr 1994. Kadrey, Richard. The Covert Culture Sourcebook. St. Martin's Pr., Sep 1993. Kadrey, Richard. The Covert Culture Sourcebook, 2.0. St. Martin's Pr., Oct 1994. Kumar, Krishnan & Stephen Barr, eds. Utopias and the MiUenium. Univ. of Pr., Jun 1993. Lacy, NorrIS J., ed. Lancelot-Grai1: The Old French Arthurian Vulgate and PostVulgate in Translatlon, Volume II. tr., by Samuel N. Rosenberg & Carleton W. Carroll. Garland Pr., 1993 (P). Lafferty, R A. Adventures in Unhistory. Owlswick Pr., Feb 1993. Le Guin, Ursula K. Language of the Night. HarperPerennial, Jun 1993 (R). Mandelbaum, Paul, ed. First Words: Earhest Writings of 42 Favorite American Authors. AJgonquin/W orkman, Oct 1993. Manlove, Colin. Christian Fantasy tram 1200 to the Present. Univ. of Notre Dame Pr., 1992 (P). 11

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SFRA Review'210, March/Apm 1994 Matthews, John, ed. An Arthurian Reader: Selections trom Arthurian Legend, Scholarship, and Story. Aquarian Pr. (P). McGlathery, James M. Grimms' Fairy Tales: A History of Criticism on a Popular Dassic. Camden House, 1993? McKnight, Stephen A, ed. Science, Pseudo-Science, and Utopianism in Early Modem Thouf!ht. Univ. of Missouri Pr. (P). McRae, Murdo William, ed. The literature of Science: Perspectives on Popular Scientific Writing. Univ. of Georgia Pr., 1993. Mogen, David. Wilderness VislOns: The Western Theme in Science Fiction literature, Second &iJoon. Borgo Pr., Feb 1994 (P). Nahin, Paul J. Time Machines: Time Travel in Physics, Metaphysics, and Science FictJon. American Institute of Physics, 1993 (P). Richards, Thomas. The Imperial Archive: Knowledge and the Fantasy of Empire. Verso, 1994. Roberts, Robin. A New Species: Gender & Science in Science Fictlon. Univ. of Illinois Pr., Jul1993 (p), Roberts, Sheila, ed. Still the Frame Holds: Essays on Women Poets and Wnters. Borgo Pr., May 1993 (P). Rohrich, Lutz. Folktales and Reality. tr. by Peter Tokofsky. Indiana Univ. Pr. (P). Ruddick, Nicholas. Ultimate Island: On the Nature of British Science FictJon. Greenwood Pr., Jan 1993. Scott, Walter. The Black Dwarf. edited by P. D. Garside. Columbia Univ. Pr., 1993. Segal, Howard P. Future Imperfect: The Mixed of Technology in Amenca. Univ. of Massachusetts Pr., Jan 1994. [Reviewed by Mary Carroll in Booklist, December 15,1993. -D.F.M.J Server, Lee. Over My Dead Body: The SensatJonal Age of Amencan Paperbacks,1945-195S. Chronicle Books, May 1994. Sharman, Helen & Christopher Priest. Seize the Stars. Gollancz, Oct 1993. Shaw, Bob. How to Wnte Science FiCtlOn. Allison & Busby UK, Jan 1993. Skat David J. The Monster Show: A Cultural History of Horror. Norton, Mar 1993 (P). Slusser, George E. & Eric S. Rabkin, eds. Fights of Fancy! Armed ConDict in Science Fiction and Fantasy. Georgia Univ. Pr., 1993 (P). Sterling, Bruce. The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Eiectrlc Frontier. Bantam, Dec 1993 (R). Stern, Roger. The Death and life of Superman. Bantam Books, 1993 (P). [Reviewed by Ron and Jan Wolfe in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy, contact me. -D.F.M.J Sullivan, C. W. III, ed. Science Fictlon for Young Readers. Greenwood Pr., Mar 1993. Tatar, Maria. Off WIth Their Heads!: Fairy Tales and the Culture of Childhood. Princeton Univ. Pr., Dec 1993. Van Hise, James. Trek: The Next Generation, Second &iJtlon. Pioneer Books, Feb 1993. Verne, Jules. 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, translated by Walter James Miller & Fredrick Paul Walter. Naval Institute Pr., Sep 1993. von Franz, Marie-Louise. The Feminine in Fairy Tales, Rev. Ed. Shambala, Feb 1993. Weis, Margaret & Tracy Hickman. DragonLance: Leaves trom the Inn of the Last Home. TSR Inc., Nov 1993 (R). Wells, H. G. The War of the Worlds: An Annotated and Critical EditJon. Indiana Univ. Pr., Aug 1993 (R). 12

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/Apm 1994 Willard, Nancy. Telling Time: Angels, Ancestors and Stories. Harcourt Brace, Oct 1993. Wolf, Leonard. The Essential Dracula. PenguinlPlume, Feb 1993. Wolf, Milton T. & Daryl F. Mallett, eds. Imaginative Futures: The Proceedings of the 1993 Science Fiction Research Association Conference. SFRA Press, 1994. Wolmark, Jenny. Aliens and Others: Science Fiction, Feminism, and Postmodernism. Univ. ofIowa Pr., Mar 1994. Wolstenholme, Susan. Gothic (Re)Visions: Writing Women as Readers. SUNY Pr., Dec 1992. Zipes, Jack. The Trials and TrIbulations of little Red Rlding Hood, Second Edition. Routledge, Sep 1993. RUTHOR BTUDIES [Adams, D.] Gaiman, Neil. Don't Panic: Douglas Adams & The Hitch Hiker's Guide to the Galaxy. Titan, Oct 1993. [Andrews, V.] Spignesl, Stephen J. The V C AndreM Trivia and Quiz Book Penguin/Signet, Mar 1994. [Asimov, I.] Asimov, Isaac. I, Asimov. Doubleday, Apr 1994. [Atwood, M.] Wilson, Sharon Rose. Margaret Atwood's Fairy-Tale Sexual Pohtics. Univ. of Mississippi Pr., Dec 1993. [Barker, C.] Barker, Clive. Pandemom'um II: The Worlds of Clive Barker. Eclipse Books, Win 1993. [Barker, C.] Jones, Stephen, ed. Clive Barker's ShadoM in Eden: The Books, Films, and Art of Clive Barker. Underwood-Miller, Sep 1993 (R). [Bloch, R] Bloch, Robert. Once Around the Bloch. Tor, Jul1993. [Brown, c.] Christophersen, Bill. The Apparition in the Glass: Charles Brockden Brown's American Gothic. Univ. of Georgia Pr., Jan 1994. [Burroughs, W.] Harris, Oliver, ed. Letters of William S. Burroughs, 194519S9. Viking, Jun 1993. [Cabell, J.] MacDonald, Edgar. James Branch CabeU and Rlchmond-in Virginia. Univ. of Mississippi Pr., Apr 1993 (P). [Campbell, J.] Anon. The John W. CampbeU Letters, Voilune 2: Asimov and van Vogt. AC Projects (5106 Old Harding Road; Franklin, TN 37064; $45+$2p&h. [Chater, E.] Mallett, Daryl F. & Annette Y. Mallett. The Work of Elizabeth Chater: An Annotated BIbhographyand Gwde. Borgo Pr., Mar 1994. [Clarke, A.] McAleer, Neil. Arthur C Clarke: The Authorized BIography. Contemporary, Aug 1993 (R); Gollancz, Jul1993 (R). [Clarke, A.] Welfare, Simon & John Fairley. Arthur C Clarke's Mysteries: From Atlantis to Zombies. HarperCollins UK, Nov 1993. [Collins, W.] Peters, Catherine. The King ofInventors: A Life of W.r1kJe Collins. Princeton Univ. Pr., Nov 1993. [Dahl, R] Treglown, Jeremy. Roald Dahl. Farrar Straus Giroux, Apr 1994. [Dick, P.] The Selected Letters of Philip K. Dick, 1972-1973. Underwood Miller, Feb 1994. [Dick, P.] The Selected Letters of Philip K. Dick, 1975-1976. Underwood Miller, May 1993. (P) [Dick, P.] The Selected Letters of PhihjJ K. Dick, 1977-1979. Underwood Miller, Spr 1993. [Dick, P.] Sutin, Lawrence. Divine InvaSIOns: A Life of PhihjJ K. DIck HarperCollins UK, Feb 1994. 13

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SFRA Revie ... '210, March/April 1994 [Donaldson. S.] Barth. Melissa. Stephen Donaldson. Borgo Pr .. 1994. [Effinger. G.] Indick. Ben P. Ceo. Alec Ellinger: From Entropy to Budayeen. Borgo Pr . Jul1993 (P). [Evans. M.] Hassler. Sue Strong & Donald M. Hassler. eds. Arthur Machen and Montgomery Evans: Letters ofa literary Friendship, 1923-1947. Kent State Univ. Pr . Feb 1994. [Haggard. H.] Pocock. Tom. Rlder Haggard and the Lost Empire. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. distributed by Trafalgar Square. Jan 1994. [Reviewed by John Mort in Booklist. Jan 1. 1994. -D.F.M.] [Henson. J.] Finch. Christopher. Jim Henson: The Works. Random House. 1993. [Reviewed by Gordon Flagg in Booklist, Jan 15. 1994. -D.F.M.] [Herbert. J.] Herbert. James. James Herbert's Dark Places. HarperCollins UK. Nov 1993. [Hubbard. L.] Widder. William J. L. Ron Hubbard: A Comprehensive BIbliography and Reference Guide to His Published and Selected Unpublished Fiction. Bridge/Author Services. May 1994. [Jackson. S.] Hall. Joan Wylie. Shirley Jackson: A Study of the Short Fiction. Twayne. 1993 (P). [King. S.] Beahm. George. The Stephen King Story. Warner UK. Mar 1994. [King. S.] Herron. Don. ed. Reign of Fear: The Fiction and the Films of Stephen King. Underwood-Miller. Spr 1993. [King. S.] Lloyd. Ann. The Films of Stephen King. St. Martin's Pr .. Oct 1994. [King. S.] Magistrale. Anthony. ed. The Casebook on The Stand Starmont House/Borgo Pr .. Sep 1992 (P). [King. S.] Murphy. Tim. In the Darkest Night: The Student's Gwde to Stephen King. Borgo Pr.. 1994. [King. S.] Underwood. Tim & Chuck Miller. Fear Itself: The Early Works of Stephen King. Underwood-Miller. Nov 1993 (R). [King. S.] Underwood. Tim & Chuck Miller. Feast of Fear: Conversations With Stephen King. Warner. Oct 1993 (R). [Koontz. D.] Greenberg. Martin H .. Ed Gorman & Bill Munster. The Dean Koontz Companion. Berkley. Mar 1994; Headline UK. Jan 1994. [Kurtz. K.] Clarke. Boden. The Work of Katherine Kurtz: An Annotated BIbliography and Gwde. Borgo Pr . Feb 1993 (P). [Le Guin. U.] Cummins. Elizabeth. Understanding Ursula K. Le Guin. Univ. of S. Carolina Pr .. Dec 1992. [Lewis. C.] Green. Roger Lancelyn & Walter Hooper. C S. Lewis: A Biography. Revised Edition. Harcourt Brace. JuJ 1994. [Lewis. C.] Hooper. Walter & W. H. Lewis. eds. Letters of C S. Lewis. HarvestlHarcourt. Nov 1993. [MacDonald. G.] Sadler. Glenn Edward. ed. An Expression of Character: The Letters ofCeorge MacDonald Eerdmans. Jan 1994 (P). [Machen. A.] Hassler. Sue Strong & Donald M. Hassler. eds. Arthur Machen and Montgomery Evans: Letters of a Literary Friendship, 1923-1947. Kent State Univ. Pr.. Feb 1994. [McCaffrey. A.] Nye. Jody Lynn & Anne McCaffrey. The Dragon/over's Gwde to Pern. BallantinelDel Rey (R. P). [Moorcock. M.] Davey. John. Michael Moorcock: A Reader's Gwde. Author (P). 36 p. booklet. [Niven. L.] Stein. Kevin. The Gwde to Larry Niven's RingworJd. Baen. Feb 1994. (Orwell. G.] Gottlieb. Erika. The OrweU Conundrum: A Cry of Despair or Faith in the Spirit of Man? Carleton Univ. Pr .. 1992 (P). 14

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SFRA Rene .... 210, March/April 1994 [Orwell. G.] Ingle. Stephen. George OrweU: A Political Life. Manchester. 1993 (P). [Ovid] Mandelbaum. Allen. The Metamorphoses of Ovid. Harcourt. Nov 1993 (P). [Poe. E.] Anderson. Madelyn Klein. Edgar AUan Poe: A Mystery. Franklin Watts. 1993 (P). [Pynchon. T.] Berressem. Hanjo. Pynchon's Poetics: Interfacing Theory and Text. Univ. ofIllinois Pr . Jan 1993. [Radcliffe. A.] Rogers. Deborah D . ed. The Critical Response to Ann Radcliffe. Greenwood Pr .. Dec 1993. [Renault. M.] Sweetman. David. Mary Renault: A Biography. Harcourt Brace. Jul 1994. [Robinson. S.] Robinson. Spider. Off the WaUatCaUahan's. Tor. Feb 1994. [Roddenberry. G.] Alexander. David. Star Trek's Creator: The Authorized Biography of Gene Roddenberry. Penguin/Roc. May 1994. [Roddenberry. G.] Engel. Joel. Gene Roddenberry: The Myth and the Man Behind Star Trek Hyperion. Apr 1994. [Serling. R.] Sander. Gordon F. Serling: The Rise and Twilight of Television's Last Angry Man. PenguinlPlume. Jan 1994. [Shelley. M.] Blumberg, Jane. Mary SheUey's Early Novels: 'This Child of Imagination and Misery'. Univ. of Iowa Pr . Apr 1993. [Stoker. B.] Senf. Carol A.. ed. The Critical Response to Bram Stoker. Greenwood Pr .. Dec 1993. [Strugatsky Bros.] Howell. Yvonne. Apocalyptic Realism: The Science Fiction of Arkady and Boris Strugatsky. Peter Jul 1993. [Takei. G.] Takei. George. An American BegInning. Pocket. Nov 1994. [Tolkien. J.] Tolkien. J. R. R. The War of the Jewels: The Later Silmarillion, Part I/, Houghton Mifflin. Fal 1994. [Vance. J.] Hewett. Jerry & Daryl F. Mallett. The Work of Jack Vance: An Annotated Blbliographyand Gwde. Borgo PrJUnderwood-Milier. Mar 1994. [Vance. J.] Temianka. Dan. The Jack Vance Lexicon: From Ahulph to Zipangote. Underwood-Miller (P). [Verne. J.] Taves. Brian & Stephen Michaluk Jr. The Jules Verne Encyclopedia. Scarecrow Pr .. Spr 1994. [Verne. J.] Teeters. Peggy. Jules Verne: The Man Who Invented Tomorrow. Walker. Jan 1993. [Wells. H.] Coren. Michael. The Invislble Man: The Life and uberties of H G. Wells. Athenuem. Aug 1993. [Wells. H.] David Y. & Harry M. Geduld. eds. An Annotated and Critical Editlon of The War of the Worlds. Indiana Univ. Pr.. May 1993 (postponed from FaI1992). [Wells. H.] Philmus. Robert M .. introducer and annotater. The Island of Doctor Moreau, by H G Wells. Univ. of Georgia Pr .. Feb 1993. [Wilde. 0.] Willoughby. Guy. Art and Christhood: The Aesthetics of Oscar Wilde. Farleigh Dickinson. 1993 (P). [Zelazny. R.] Lindskold. Jane M. Roger Zelazny. Macmillanffwayne. Nov 93. FILm & TV & THERTRE Archer. Steve. Wiuis O'Brien: Special Effects Gemus. McFarland. Sum 1993. Carrou. Bob. Monsters and Aliens from George Lucas. Abrams. Oct 1993. 15

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/April 1994 Champlin. Charles. George LUC8S: The Creative Impulse, an IUwtrated History ofLucas5lm 's First Twenty Year.Y. Abrams (P). Copjec. Joan. Shades of Noir. Verso. distributed by Routledge, 1994. Cornell. Paul. Keith Topping & Martin Day. The Avengers Program Guide. Virgin. Jan 1994. Creed. Barbara. The Monstrow-Feminine: Film, Feminism, Psychoanalysis. Routledge. 1994. Drake. Chris. The Making of UFO and Space 1999. Boxtree. Apr 1994. Ellison. Harlan. Harlan Ellison's Watching. Underwood-Miller. (P) (R of 1989 ed.). Erlich. Robert. Dockworks: A Multimedia BibHofJTaphy of Works Useful for the Study of the HumanlMachine Interface m SF. Greenwood Pr . Jul 1993 CP). Everman. Welch D. Cult Horror Films: Oflbeat Thriller.Y from Attack of the Fifty Foot Woman to Zombies of Nora Tau. Carol Pub. Group. 1993. Farrand. Phil. The Mtpicker's Gwde for Dassie Trekker.Y. Delta. Nov 1994. Farrand. Phil. The Mtpicker's Gwde for Next Generation Trekker.Y. Dell. Nov 1993; SFBC Jan 1994; Titan Nov 1993. Finch. Christopher. Jim Henson: The Works. Random House. 1993 (P). [Reviewed by Ron & Jan Wolfe in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy. contact me. -D.F.M.] Flynn. John L. The Films of Arnold Schwarzenegger. Carol Pub. GrouP. 1993. Fury. David. Kin8Y of the Jungle: An IUwtrated Reference to Tarzan on Screen and Television. McFarland. Sum 1993. Gross. Ed & Mark Altman. Star Trek: Captain's Log Supplement. Boxtree. Feb 1994. Gross. Ed & Mark Altman. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine Logbook Boxtree. Mar 1994. Hardy. Phil. ed. Aurum Film Encyclopedia VoL 3: Horror. Aurum Pr . Oct 1993. Hardy. Phil. ed. The Overlook Film Encyclopedia: Science Fiction. Overlook Pr . Jan 1994. Howe of Dracula. MagicImage Filmbooks. (P). Howe. David J. Doctor Who: Timeframe: 77Je IUwtrated History. Doctor Who Books UK. Oct 1993. Howe, David J . Mark Stammers. & Stephen James Walker. The Doctor Who Handbook: The Fourth Doctor. Doctor Who Books UK. Dec 1992. Howe. David J . Mark Stammers. & Stephen James Walker. Doctor Who, The Handbook: The Sixth Doctor. Doctor Who Books UK. Nov 1993. Jameson. Richard T . ed. They Went Thataway: Redefining Film Genres. Mercury. distributed by Consortium. Feb 1994. [Reviewed by Benjamin Segedin in Booklist. Jan 15.1994. -D.F.M.] Kalmus. Herbert T. & Eleanore King Kalmus. Mr. Technieolor: An Autobiography. MagicImage Filmbooks. (P). Roy. ed. The Lost World of Willis O'Brien: The Original Shooting ScrIpt of the 1925 Landmark Special Effects Dinosaur Film. McFarland. Sum 1993. Klein. Michael. Seven Minutes: The life and Death of the American Animated Cartoon. Routledge. Chapmann & Hall. Dec 1993. Lentz. Thomas M. III. Science Fiction, Horror and Fant8SY Film and Television Credits. Supplement 2: Throuah 1993. McFarland. 1994. Lichtenberg. Jacqueline. Sondra Marshak (3 Joan Winston. Star Trek Lives! Titan. Oct 1993 (R). 16

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/April 1994 Lopez. Daniel. Films by Genre: 775 Categories, Styles, Trends, and Movements Defined with a Filmography for Each. McFarland. Sum 1993. Mank. Gregory William. HoDywood Cauldron: Thirteen Horror Films /Tom the Genre's Golden Me. McFarland. Sum 1993. Marinaccio. Dave. Ali I ReaDy Needed to Know I Learned From Watching Star Trek. Crown. Jun 1994. Maxwell. Thomas. The Trek Umversallndex. Boxtree. Apr 1994. McCarty. John. Psycho: Ninety Years of Mad Movies, Mamacs, and Murderous Deeds. Carol Publishing Group. May 1993. Nance. Scott. The Spirit of Trek. Pioneer. Nov 1993. Nance. Scott. Trek: Deep Space Nine. Pioneer Books. Feb 1993. Nemecek. Larry. The Star Trek: The Next Generation Compamon, Revised EditJon. Pocket. Dec 1993. Okuda. Michael. The Star Trek Encyclopedia. Pocket. Apr 1994; Simon & Schuster UK. May 1994. Parish. James Robert. Ghosts and Angels in HoDywood Films: Plots. Critiques, Casts and Credits for 262 Theatrical and Made-forTelevision Releases. McFarland. 1994. Peel, John. The Official Thunderbirds. Stingray. and Captain Scarlet Programme Gwde. Virgin. Dec 1993. Ramsland. Katherine. The Witching Hour Compamon. Ballantine. Nov 1994. Reeves-Stevens. Garfield & Judith Reeves-Stevens. The Making of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. Pocket. Oct 1994. Quarles. Mike. Down and Dirty: HoDywood's ExploitatJon Filmmakers and Their Movies. McFarland. Sum 1993. Salwolke. Scott. Nicholas Roeg Film by Film. McFarland. Sum 1993. Schelde. Per. Androids. HumanOids, and Other Science FictJon Monsters: Science and Soul in Science Fiction Films. New York Univ. Pr .. 1993 (P). [Reviewed by Ron & Jan Wolfe in The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. For a copy. contact me. -D.F.M.] Schoell. William & James Spencer. The Nif;:htmare Never Ends: The Ollicial History of Freddy Krueger and the Nightmare on Elm Street Films. Citadel Pr. (P). Sevastkis. Michael. Songs of Love &' Death: The Dassical American Horror Film of the 1930s. Greenwood. Mar 1993 (P). Siegel. Don. A Siegel Film: An Autobiof7aphy. Faber & Faber, Nov 1993. Silver. Alain & James Ursini. More Things Than Are Dreamt Of: Master Tales of the Supernatural-From Mary SheDey to Stephen King-Transformed on Film. Limelight Editions. Apr 1994. Skal. David J. The Monster Show: A Cultural History of Horror. Norton. May 1993. Slavicsek. William. A Gwde to the Star Wars Um'verse, Second EditJon. BallantinelDel Rey. Mar 1994. Story. David. America on the Rerun: TV Shows That Never Die. Carol Pub. Group. 1993. Thompson. Frank. Tim Burton's Nightmare Before Christmas: The Film, the Art. the VisiOn. Hyperion. Oct 1993 (P). Van Hise. James. The Dassic Trek Crew Book. Pioneer. Oct 1993. Van Hise. James. The Next GeneratJon Tribute Book. Pioneer. Sep 1993. Van Hise. James. Sci Fi TV /Tom Twilight Zone to Deep Space Nine. Pioneer. Jun 1993. Van Hise. James. Trek: The Next Generation Crew Book. Pioneer. May 1993. Van Hise. James. Trek Versus Next Generation. Pioneer. Nov 1993. 17

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SFRA Rene .... 210, March/Apm 1994 Walker. Stephen James & Mark Stammers. Doctor Mlo: Decalogue. Doctor Who Books UK. Mar 1994. Westmore. Michael & Joe Nazzaro. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Make Up Effects Manual Titan. Nov 1993. Willard. Nancy. The Sorcerer's Apprentice. ScholasticIBlue Sky Pr . Oct 1993. Willingham. Ralph. Science Fiction and the Theatre. Greenwood Pr . Dec 1993 (P). Wright. Bruce. Yesterday'S Tomorrows: The Golden Age of Science Fiction Movie Posters. Taylor Publishing. Apr 1993. ILLUBTRRTIOn/COmICB Addams. Charles. The World of Charles Addams. Random House/Knopf. Dec 1993. Alighieri. Dante. Paradiso. Random House. Nov 1993. Anderson. Wayne. Throu!Zh the lookinG. Glass. Paper Tiger/Avery. Apr 1993. Andersson. Max & Rickard Gramfors. Pixy. Fantagraphics. 1993. [Reviewed by Gordon Flagg in Booldist, Jan 15. 1994. -D.F.M.J Anon. The Pop-Up Mickey Mouse. Anon. The Pop-Up Minnie Mouse. Anon. Wild Cartoon Kingdom No.2. Anon. The Worlds of TSR: A Journey Through the Landscape of/magination. TSR. Aug 1994. Bantock. Nick. The Egyptian Jukebox. Viking. Sep 1993. Bantock. Nick. The Golden Mean: The Extraordinary Correspondence Continues. Chronicle Books. Oct 1993. Barker. Clive. Clive Barker IUustrator II: The Art of Clive Barker. Eclipse Books. Win 1993. Barks. Carl. Carl Barks' Library Album #23. WALT DISNEY'S CoMICS & STORIES. Barks. Carl. Carl Barks' LJbraryofGyro Gearloose Stories #6. Bok. Hannes. A Hannes Bok Treasury. Underwood-Miller. May 1993. Borst. Ronald V . Keith Burns & Leith Adams. eds. Graven Images: The Best of Horror. Fantasy. and Science Fiction Film Art. Grove Pr .. Oct 1993. Bradbury. Ray. RayBradburyChromdes, Vol S. Bull. Emma. The Princess and the Lord of M"ght. Harcourt Brace. Mar 1994. Calle. Paul. Paul CaUe: An Artist's Journey. Mill Pond Pr . Oct 1993. Ciruelo. The Book of the Dragon. SFBC. Aug 1993. Day. David & Alan Lee. Tolkien's World: Paintings of Middle-Earth. HarperCollins. 1992. De Berardinis. Olivia. Let Them Eat Cheesecake: The Art of Olivia. Ozone Productions. Sep 1993. Delamare. David. MermaJds {I Magic Shows: The Art of David Delamare. Paper Tiger. Feb 1994. Edwards. Malcolm & Robert Holdstock. Realms of Fantasy: An IUustrated Exploration of the Most Famous Worlds of Fantasy Fiction. Collier Macmillan. Mar 1993 (R of 1983 ed.). Fabian. Stephen E. Ladies {I Legends. Underwood-Miller. Aug 1993. Finch. Christopher. Jim Heruon: The Works. Random House. Nov 1993. Flynn. Danny. The Art of Danny Rynn. Paper Tiger. May 1994. Foster. Hal. Prince Valianr/Manuscript Press, Vol 1 (1937)-2 (1938). Gerani. Gary. New VisJoru: The Art of Star Wars Galaxy. Underwood-Miller. Mar 1994. 18

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BFRA Rev.iell'f210. March/AprO 1994 Godwin, Malcolm. The Holy Grail: A Legend of Our Time. Viking. May 1994. Gurney, James. Dinotopia. Turner, May 1994 (R). Gurney, James. The Dinotopia Pop-Up Books. Turner Publishing. Sep 1993. Kerrod, Robin. NASA: ViYiollS' of Space. Ketcham, Hank. The Merchant of Dennis the Menace: Hank Ketcham. Kirby, Josh. The Josh Kirby DiYcworld Portfolio. Paper Tiger, Nov 1993. Kirschner, David & Ernie Contreras. The Pagemaster. Turner Publishing. Nov 1993. Lee, Stan, Jack Kirby & Dick Ayers. Avenger.sMasterworks, Volume 1. Lohan, Frank J. The Drawing Handbook Maitz, Don. Dreamquests: The Art of Don Maitz. Underwood-Miller, Nov 1993; SFBC, Apr 1994. Malloy, Alex G. Comic Book Artists. Chilton Book Co., Nov 1993. Marigny, Jean. Vampires: Restless Creatures of the Night, Abrams, Spr 1994. Matthews, Rodney. The Second Rodney Matthews Portfolio. Paper Tiger, Nov 1993. McOoud, Scott. Under.s-tanding Comics: The InvlYIble Art. Kitchen Sink Pr .rrundra Publishing, 1993. [Reviewed by Philip Martin in The ArkallS'as Democrat-Gazette, Feb 11, 1994. -D.F.M.] Derek. 21st Centwy ViYIOIlS'. Paper Tiger, Nov 1993. Moench, Doug, Kelley Jones & John Beatty. Batman: Dark Joker-The Wild. Morrissey, Dean. The Ship of Dreams. Mill Pond Pr., Spr 1994. Potter, J. K. HorripilatJollS'. Paper Tiger, Nov 1993. Pratchett, Terry & Stephen The Streets of Ankh-Morpork Corgi, Nov 1993. Schwertberger, De &. Heavy Light: The Art of De S. Morpheus International, Nov 1993. Server, Lee. Danger iY My Business: An fDustrated HiYtory of the Fabulous Pulp Magazines, 1896-19S3. Chronicle Books, May 1993. Simmons, Gary. The Technical Pen. Simonson, Walt, Gil Kane & George Perez. Jurassic Park Spiegelman, Art. Maus. Whalley, Joyce Irene & Tessa Rose Chester. The Bright Stream: A HiYtory of Children's Book IDustratJon. David R. Godine, Dec 1993. Whelan, Michael. The Art of Michael Whelan. Bantam Spectra, Oct 1993. Wiater, Stan & Stephen R. Bissette. Comic Book Rebels: Conver.s-atlOIlS' with the Creator.sof the New Comics. Donald I. Fine, 1993. Yerka, Jacek. The FantastJc Art of Jacek Yerka. Morpheus International, Nov 1994. Yerka, Jacek & Harlan Ellison. Mind Fields: The Art of Jacek Yerka-The FiCtIon of Harlan ElIiYon. Morpheus International, Feb 1994. BOOKS on TRPE, CD, VIDEO ab Hugh, DafYdd. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: FaDen Heroes. Simon & Schuster, May 1994. Read by Rene Auberjonois. Boucher, Anthony & Denis Green. The NewAdventures of Sherlock Holmes, Volume 22: Murder By Moonlight and The Singular Affair of the CoptJc Compass. Simon & Schuster, December 1993 (P). Read by Basil Rathbone & Nigel Bruce. Boucher, Anthony & Denis Green. The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Volume 23: The Gunpowder Plot and The Singular Affair of the Babbling 19

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SFRA RevJe",'210, March/April 1994 Butler. Simon & Schuster. February 1994. Read by Basil Rathbone. Nigel Bruce & Tom Conway. Boucher. Anthony & Denis Green. The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, Volume 24: The Accidental Murders and The Adventure of the Blarney Stone. Simon & Schuster. June 1994. Read by Basil Rathbone. Nigel Bruce & Tom Conway. Crispin. Ann C. Star Trek: Sarek Simon & Schuster. March 1994. Read by Mark Leonard. David. Peter. Star Trek: Revelations, A Captain SuJu Adventure. Simon & Schuster. September 1994. Read by George Takei and others. David. Peter. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Q-Squared Simon & Schuster. July 1994. Reader TBA. Dickens. Charles. A Christmas Carol Simon & Schuster. October 1993 (P). Read by Patrick Stewart. Duane. DIane. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Dark Mirror. Simon & Schuster. December 1993. Read by John DeLancie (P). Friedman. Michael Jan. Star Trek: The Next Generation Final Episode. Simon & Schuster. June 1994. Reader TBA. King. Stephen. The Mist in 3-D. Sound CD. Simon & Schuster. September 1993 (P). Koontz. Dean R. Mr. Murder. Simon & Schuster. December 1993 (P). Read by Jay O. Sanders. Mack. John. Abduction: Human Encounters with Ah'ens. Simon & Schuster. May 1994 (P). Read by Josef Sommer. Rice. Anne. The Oaiming of Sleeping Beauty. Simon & Schuster. August 1994. Reader TBA. Sommer. Bobbe & Mark Falstein. Psycho-Cybernetics 2000. Simon & Schuster. January 1994. Read by the authors. Stern. David. Star Trek: Transformation. Simon & Schuster. February 1994 (P). Read by George Takei. Dana Ivey & Daniel Gerroll. -Neil Barron & Daryl F. Mallett 20

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SFRA Rene.'210, March/April 1994 NEWS &; INFDRMATIDN CRLLS FOR PRPERS SFRA 1994: The Science Fiction Research Association will hold its 1994 annual conference, "Science Fiction Out of Hand," July 7-10, 1994 at the Arlington Park Hilton; 3400 W. Euclid (at Route 53); Arlington Heights, Illinois. Authors Sheri S. Tepper and Octavia E. Butler will be special guests. Other authors and editors attending include: Gene Wolfe, Jack Williamson, Joan Vinge, Joan Slonczewski, Frederik Pohl, James Gunn, Philip Jose Farmer, and Phyllis & Alex Eisenstein. The SFRA's Pilgrim and Pioneer Awards for distinguished contributions to SF and fantasy scholarship will be given during the conference. Regarding the theme ofthe conference, directors Elizabeth Anne Hull of William Rainey Harper College and Beverly Friend of Oakton Community College comment: "Science fiction, the literature of change, is also a literature that makes connections among pasts, presents, and many possible futures. SF fragments our present and reassembles it in new ways. Will the center hold? How have writers in this speculative field viewed the components of human experience-individual, family, community, nation, world-singly or together?" The directors welcome papers on any component in this SF "hand." They especially invite papers dealing with the works of the special guests and the other attendinl\l authors. The deadline for paper proposals is March I, 1994. Two copies of any proposal should be sent to Dr. Hull at the Div. of Liberal Arts; William Rainey Harper College; Palatine, IL 60067. The advance registration fee for the conference is $115, which includes admission to all sessions, the Saturday night awards banquet, and the SFRA Hospitality Suite. The rate rises to $130 after June 10, 1994. Optional activities include a Friday night excursion to Medieval Times ($30) and a Sunday brunch ($25). Send registration fees to Dr. Hull. Hotel rooms at the Arlington Park Hilton will be $79 per night during the conference. Reservations must be made prior to June lOth. To make reservations, contact the hotel directly; phone the toll-free number 800/3443434 from outside Illinois; within Illinois, call 708/384-2000; or write to the Arlington Park Hilton; 3400 W. Euclid; Arlington Heights, IL 60005-1052. For your information: Founded in 1970, the Science Fiction Research Association is the oldest professional organization for the study of science fiction, fantasy, horror/Gothic, and utopian literature and cinema. The association's goals are to improve classroom teaching, to encourage and assist scholarship, and to evaluate and publicize new books and magazines dealing with fantastic literature and films. The SFRA's members come from many 21

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SFRA RevieIF'210, March/April 1994 countries and include instructors at all levels, librarians, students, authors, editors, publishers, libraries, and readers with widely varied interests. For more information, contact Dr. Hull or call her at 708/925-6323. -Leah Zeldes Smith; William Rainey Harper College Comics Studies Anthology: Peter Coogan and Solomon Davidoff are planning a book on Maus titled, Here Our Reflections Begin: Commentary and Criticism on (and of) Art Spiegelman's Maus. Articles and proposals from a wide range of theoretical, and disciplinary approaches, including previously published material, will be considered for inclusion. In general, abstracts should be between 200-250 words and articles from 20-30 double-spaced pages, including notes and appendices. Manuscripts may be submitted on paper, through electronic mail (ASCII text), or on computer diskette (Macintosh format, ASCII text, or Microsoft (TM) Word). Please enclose an SASE with all correspondence. Contact Peter Coogan; Comic Art Studies; MSU Libraries; East Lansing, MI 48824-1048; 517/485-8039 (H); 517/353-4858 (B); email cooganpe@student.rnsu.edu -Peter Coogan & Solomon Davidoff Midwest Popular Culture Association and the Midwest American Culture Association: The Comic Art & Comics Area of the MPCAlMACA is soliciting papers for presentation at the 21st Annual Conference of the Midwest Popular Culture Association and the Midwest American Culture Association to be held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Friday October 7 to Saturday October 8, 1994. Deadline: June I, 1994; Format: 75-word abstract. The Comic Art & Comics Area welcomes presentations from all academic disciplines. Submissions from scholars unaffiliated with a college or university, as well as graduate students and undergraduates are encouraged. Proposal sheets should include all the following information: name, home and work addresses, home and work phone numbers, email address and FAX number if you have these, Presentation Title, 75-word abstract, audio/visual equipment needs, day/time preference. For information or submissions, contact Peter Coogan; Comic Art Studies; MSU Libraries; East Lansing, MI 48824-1048; 517/485-8039 (H); 517/353-4858 (B); email cooganpe@student.rnsu.edu For information on other areas, or on the MPCAlMACA, please write: Carl B. Holmburg, Executive Secretary, MPCAlMACA; Popular Culture Dept.; Bowling Green State University; Bowling Green, OH 43403; 419/372-8172.; cholmbe@andy.bgsu.edu -Peter Coogan Third Annual Comic Arts Conference: The Third Annual Comic Arts Conference is accepting papers to be presented at a joint meeting of comics scholars and professionals at the Chicago ComiCon on Saturday, July 2, 1994. Papers may be on any area of comics research including, but not limited to: Comics Scholarship, Teaching Comics and Teaching with Comics, History of the Medium. Creator Biographies, Comics Theory and Aesthetics, Audience StudieslFan Culture, IndustriaVEconomic Analysis, Gender Studies, Scott McCloud's Understanding Comics. 22

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SFRA RevleJIIT'210, March/AprU 1994 Faculty. students. and those outside the university community are encouraged to make submissions. Professionals interested in making slide (or other) presentations and/or serving as respondents for papers are encouraged to make submissions as well. A 50-100 word abstract must be submitted no later than April 1. 1994. Notification of acceptance will be sent on April 10. For citation and bibliography. use a style recognized by your academic discipline. Each completed paper should include a one-paragraph biographical sketch of the author(s). Completed papers should be to the program coordinator by June 3. 1994. Inquiries. abstracts. articles. and registration forms for this should be sent to Peter Coogan; Comic Art Studies; MSU libraries; East Lansing. MI 48824-1048; 517/485-8039 (H); 517/353-4858 (B); email cooganpe@student.msu.edu -Peter Coogan The 16th Annual J. Lloyd Eaton Conference: April 15-17. 1994. University of California. Riverside. TOPIC: "Science Fiction and the Contests for Authority. The position of science fiction in literature and culture today raises numerous questions of authority: who is accepting. or rejecting SF. and on what grounds are they doing so? Contests for authority concerning SF are occurring on many levels today. Indeed. they have done so since the genre arose in the early' nineteenth century. or even since the Renaissance conceived the poSSibility of a "scientific" world view. To study these is to gain insight into the complex relations of politics. morality. and literary expression. The questions are myriad: Why. for instance. do so many college SF classes teach Childhood's End. A Canticle for Leibowitz. or Neuromancer? Why do these same classes neglect Heinlein? Why do fans (on the other hand) reject inclusion of writers like Doris Lessing and Jorge Luis Borges in their canon of SF? Why are works of Stnaley Kubrick and William Golding considered "mainstream." while those of David Cronenberg and Stanislaw Lem are considered SF? How are these assignments made. and what difference do such assignments make. and to whom? Taking another tack. can we explain why terms taken from the SF domain are. at one and the same time. immensely popular. and generally pejorative: witness the use of "utopia" for a foolish dream; "star wars" for the strategic defense initiative. "cyberpunk" for a particularly garish youth culture? In what sense can such SF terms be said to have cultural power? What are the sources of their strengths. the aims oftheir users. the alternatives they suppress? SF is a genre with multiple contexts as well as contests of authority. In the academy. in publishing. in popular culture. in the realms of ideologies and cultural politics. SF has provoked different responses. created different standards for judgment. This conference invites papers that deal with any possible context of this competition: why do we continue to consider The Tempest in a different light from King Lear, who is to decide today whether or not any good SF has been written in the last ten years? The topic is as broad as canon formation. literary politics. and modes of literary valuation. We ask only that papers dig beneath the assumptions. and seek some "substantifique moelle." Send inquiries and papers before January 15. 1994 to George E. Slusser; Eaton Collection; University of California. Riverside Library; Riverside. CA 92521 or fax proposals to 909/787-3285. -George E. Slusser 23

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SFRA Rene.'210, March/Apri11994 MILLENNIUM'S END AS STORY AND MOTIF? I am compiling a list (with a view to assembling and editing an anthology) of stories that focus on this century's and this millennium's end (i.e., on the years 1999. 2000. or 2001), such as James Blish's "Turn of a Century" (Dynamic Science Fiction. March 1993), or novels in which that topic constitutes a significant motif, such as Robert Silverberg's The Stochastic Man (1975). He would be grateful for any title suggestions. If you have any, please write to Dr. David Ketterer; Dept. of English; Concordia University; 1455 de Maisonneuve Boulevard West; Montreal. Quebec. H3G 1MB CANADA All correspondents on this subject will be acknowledged in any consequent publication. -David Ketterer I am preparing a special issue of LIbrary Trends dealing with speculative fiction in the libraries. Topics can be general or specific, targeting cataloging problems, storage facilities, preservation. specific difficulties in this field. lack of information, miscataJoging, purchasing & ordering. ILL, or more. Please query or send a prospectus/abstract to me at: Daryl F. Mallett; 11461 Magnolia Avenue #251; Riverside, CA 92505. -Daryl F. Mallett THE ENCYCLOPAEDIA GALACTlCA: I've been engaged by Prentice Hall to produce The Encyclopaedia Galactica, a reference work consisting of three cross-referenced volumes called The Encyclopaedia Galactica, Fantasia. and Horrifica. The project survived a change of staff at the publisher as a number of irreconcilable creative differences between myself and myex-collaborator, Michael Kurland. Each volume will feature the following articles/appendices: 24 1. Biographic.al profiles of authors, artists, and editors. 2. Bibliographies of all the author's fiction books (giving publication dates & awards received) listed in series/alpha order. plus up to five nonfiction books or articles as well as produced screenplays and for tv series experience (including animations). Noteworthy stories will be covered within each biography. Forthcoming books will be listed as well as works in progress. 3. Ephemera-board and computer games, etc. 4. Films Reviews-About lOOper volume. 5. Professional and fan organizations and awards. 6. Photos by Christine Valada, who is responsible for the "Wall of Fame" shown at WorldCons. 7. Publishing-small presses, prozines, fanzines, Science Fiction Book Club, series (e.g., Ace Science Fiction Specials, Ballantine Adult Fantasy, Forgotten Fantasy). B. Signature Pieces (see article on same).

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SFRA Rene ... '210, March/Apm 1994 9. Topics-Articles on everything from Space Travel to The Living Dead to Arthurian Fantasy. Signature Pieces: Some of the field's finest writers were invited to contribute. The result: these original articles: Fantasia: "Dragons, Unicorns and Elves: Avoiding Cliches," by Marion Zimmer Bradley; "The Fall and Rise of Fantasy," by L. Sprague de Camp; "Defining Magic Realism," by Charles de Lint; "Women Warriors in Fantasy," by Andre Norton; "Weapons in Fantasy," by Gene Wolfe. Galactica: "Why a Quark? Humor in Science Fiction," by Alan Dean Foster; "Consultants: The Use and Treatment Thereof," by Anne McCaffrey; "Science Fiction: Pulps ... and Prophecy," by Frank Robinson; "SF and the Beasts," by Norman Spinrad; "The Fiction in Science Fiction," by William Tenn. Horriffca: "The Golden Age of Horror Films," by Robert Bloch; "Dark Theatre of the Mind: Horror on Radio," by William F. Nolan; "The Horror Writer as Grendel," by Dan Simmons. I'm looking for other professional writers and researchers interested in contributing author profiles and/or specific theme entries of one paragraph to 2,500 words. Please write to me at 8740 Penfield Avenue; Northridge, CA 91324-3224 for rates, guidelines, and master list. You can also send e-mail via any of these on-line services: AOL (LydiaM); CompuServe (70720,604); and GEnie (LMaranol). -Lydia Marano POPULAR CULTURE AND LIBRARIES: The Popular Culture Association will be meeting in Chicago, l11inois, April 6-9, 1994. Scholars who work in all aspects of popular culture will meet and share common interests. Anyone who is interested in presenting a paper on a topic related to popular culture and libraries should submit a brief abstract (no longer than a page) of the proposed paper to: Allen Ellis; W. Frank Steeley Library; Northern Kentucky University; Highland Heights, KY 41099-6101; 606/572-5527; FAX 606/5725390. -Neil Barron CoMIC BooKS AND LIBRARIES: For the journal Popular Culture in libraries. Anyone interested in writing articles examining any aspects of comic books or related materials (comic strips, big-little books, etc.) in relation to libraries, should contact issue editors: Doug Highsmith; University Library Reference; California State University, Fullerton; Fullerton, CA 92634-4150; 714/7732976; FAX 7141773-2439, or Allen Ellis above. Deadline for submission of manuscripts is June 30, 1994. -Neil Barron 25

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SFRA Revie .. '210, March/April 1994 JOURNAL OF mE FANTAS'nC IN THE ARTS: Editor Carl B. Yoke is seeking papers for a special issue on alienation and the figure of the outsider in the fantastic, 3,000-6,000 words in length, following the current MLA style manual. This special issue will appear in late 1993 or early 1994; submit immediately to 1157 Temple Trail; Stow, OH 44224-2238. -Neil Barron I am putting together a collection of essays on the fiction of R A. Lafferty, to be called The Astrolabe Papers. I'm looking for original scholarly essays on all aspects of Lafferty's fiction. Papers can be about a specific story or novel, recurring themes, almost anything that relates to the work and career of R A. Lafferty. I'm paying $35.00 plus two copies of the book. Submissions and queries should be sent to Steve Pasechnick; Edgewood Press; P.O. Box 380264; Cambridge, MA 02238. -Steve Pasechnick SFRA ANTHOLOGY: Daryl F. Mallett and I have been asked to edit a new SFRA anthology of short stories to be used for teaching in college and university science fiction classes. The present anthology, published by HarperCollins, is badly out of date and the publisher appears to have no desire to revise it. Therefore, we are selecting ideas about what you liked in the old anthology and what you would like to see in a new one. If interested in assisting us in this endeavor or just in making suggestions, please contact either of us soon. -Milton T. Wolf INTERNATIONAL EATON CONFERENCE: An international conference on the topic" The Time Machine: Past, Present, and Future," will be held July 2629, 1995 at Imperial College, London, England. Sponsored by The H. G. Wells Society and The J. Uoyd Eaton Collection of Science Fiction and Fantasy literature at the University of California, Riverside, the joint international symposium will be held to celebrate the centenary of H. G. Wells's The Time Machine. Outline proposals for the following areas are particularly welcomed: The Time Machine as Text; 17M and the ffn-de-siecJe; 7TM and 19th century science; 17M and the Int'l Development of Modern SF; 7TM and Modern Cosmology: The Coming Together of Biology and Physics. Proposals should be sent to Dr. Sylvia Hardy, H. G. Wells Society, Dept. of English, Nene College, Moulton Park, Northhampton NN2 7AL ENGLAND, FAX: 011/44/604-720636 and to Dr. George E. Slusser, J. Uoyd Eaton Collection, Rivera library, University of California, Riverside, P.O. Box 5900, Riverside, CA 92517 USA, FAX: 909t787-3285. -George E. Slusser "I am preparing to edit THE DICTIONARY OF LITERARY BIOGRAPHY volumes on British science fiction and fantasy authors. If SFRA members are interested in contributing an/some essay/s to these volumes, please send me a 26

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SFRA ReneIF'210, March I Aprll 1994 list of author/s by preference and a summary of your related expertise. I shall be happy to give any additional information as needed. Send replies/queries to Darren Harris-Fain; 113 Paces Run Court; Columbia, SC 29223-7944. Please note new address." -Darren Harris-Fain "I have been appointed editor of a Special Issue of SHA W which will be concerned with "Speculative Fiction and George Bernard Shaw." I am interpreting that loosely enough to invite articles on late 19th century speculative literature which may have influenced CBS and the English culture of the time. There will be a panel on this subject at both the next IAF A meeting in March and at the SFRA meeting in Reno. I welcome proposals for both the meeting; and the publication. There is plenty of lead-time, so give it some thought." -Milton Wolf GREENWOOD PRESS: Call for monograph proposals in science fiction and fantasy. Greenwood Press is seeking proposals for book-length, single authored scholarly volumes in its CoNTRIBtmONS TO TIiE STUDY OF ScIENCE FlcnON AND FANTASY series, edited by Marshall B. Tymn, Donald E. Palumbo, and C. W. Sullivan III. Proposals should include a brief prospectus, a table of contents, a one-paragraph description of each chapter, and a curriculum vitae. Proposals on science fiction and fantasy are invited in such areas as film studies, other popular culture studies, art, science fiction, fantasy literature, mythology, and folklore. Please send proposals that deal primarily with film, other popular culture studies, art, or science fiction to Donald E. Palumbo; Dept. of English; East Carolina University; Greenville, NC 27858. Please send proposals that deal primarily with fantasy literature, mythology, or folklore to C. W. Sullivan III; Dept. of English; East Carolina University; Greenville, NC 27858. -Donald E. Palumbo & C. W. Sullivan III BRRHRm BooKH This (20 January 1994) list supercedes that in SFRAR #206. Books listed here were unsold at the Reno SFRA Conference, pIous books received since then, all at saving; of 40-60% off list price. All books listed are hardcover except as noted (tp=trade paperback), are new, often with publisher information laid in, with jackets if issued. Year of publication is 1992-94 except as noted. List price appears in parentheses, selling price in boldface. USPS surface shipping costs: $1.50 first book, $1.00 each additional book, with books shipped free for any order totaling $100.00+. (Figure two mass market paperbacks=one book). Make all checks payable to NEIL BARRON, 1149 Lime Place; Vista, CA 92083; 619/726-3238 (after 6:00 p.m. Tue.-Thurs., Sun., anytime Fri. or Sat.). Please list alternates; a refund check will be immediately sent for any 27

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SFRA Rerle .... 210. March/Aprl11994 books previously sold. A portion of the revenue from the sale of these books will be donated to SFRA. Reference: Barron, Neil, ed. Anatomy of Wonder: A Critical Gwde to SF, Third Edition. Bowker, 1987. Hugo Award Nominee. The 200+ pages devoted to SF not translated into English from thirteen languages will be dropped from the fourth edition, and many books will be dropped, 900 p., ($44.95), $38.61. Barron, Neil, ed. Fantasy Literature: A Reader's Gwde and Horror Literature: A Reader's Gwde. Garland, 1990. Similar in format to AOW, 600+ pages each, ($55.00 each), $44.00 each. None of these titles is ever sold at less than Jist. Cassidy, Bruce, ed. Modern Mystery, Fantasy. and Science Fiction WnteT.S". Continuum, 700 p., ($75.00), $40.00. Kies, Cosette. Supernatural Fiction for Teens: More Than 1300 Good Paperbacks to Read for Wonderment, Fear, and Fun. Libraries Unlimited, ($24.95 tp), $12.00. Rosenberg, Betty & Diana Tixier Herald. GenreOecting: A Gwde to Reading Interests in Genre Fiction, Third Edition. Libraries Unlimited, 1991, ($33.50), $17.00. History & Criticism: Aertsen, Henk & A1asdair A MacDonald, eds. Companion to Middle English Romance. VU University Press, ($34.95 tp), $12.00. Barr, Marleen S. Lost in Space: Probing Feminist Science Fiction and Beyond. University of North Carolina Press, ($14.95 tp), $8.00. Bradley, Marion Zimmer. The Necessity for Beauty: Robert W. ChambeT.S" &' the Romantic Tradition. T-K Graphics, 1974,45 p., stapled tp. Long OP. $4.00. Caidin, Martin S. Natural or Supernatural' A Casebook of True, Unexplained Mysteries. Contemporary, ($12.95 tp), $5.00. Filmer, Kath. Scepticism and Hope in Twentieth Centwy Fantasy LIterature. Popular Press, ($13.95 tp), $8.00. Heller, Tamar. Dead Secrets: Wilkie Collins and the Female Gothic. Yale University Press, ($25), $12.00. Kendrick, Walter. The Thrill of Fear: 250 Year.s of Scary Entertainment. Grove, ($12.95 tp), $8.00. Ketterer, David. Canadian Science Fiction and Fantasy. Indiana University Press, ($27.s0), $16.00. Kies, Cosette. Presenting Young Adult Horror Fiction. Twayne, ($19.95), $9.00. Le Guin, Ursula K. The Language of the Night: Essays on Fantasy and Science Fiction, Revised EdItion. HarperCoIlins, ($20.00), $14.00. Malmgren, Carl D. Worlds Apart: Narrato10gy of Science Fiction. Indiana University Press, ($22.50), $12.00. McGillis, Roderick, ed. For the Childlike: George MacDonald's Fantasies for Children. Scarecrow Press, ($29.50), $14.00. McKnight, Stephen A, ed. Science, Pseudo-Science, and Utopianism in Early Modern Thought. University of Missouri Press, ($37.95), $16.00. Milbank, Alison. Daughter.s of the House: Modes of the Gothic in t1ctonan FiCtion. St. Martin's Press, ($39.95), $18.00. 28

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STRA Renew'210, March/Apm 1994 Morse, Samuel, Marshall B. Tymn & Csilla Bertha, eds. The Celebration of the Fantastic: Selected Papers li"om the lOth Annual International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts. Greenwood Press, ($49.95), $24.00. Murphy, Patrick D., ed. Staging the Imposslble: The Fantastic Mode in Modern Drama. Greenwood Press, ($49.95), $22.00. Myers, Arthur. A Ghosthunter's Gw"de to Haunted Landmarks, Parks, Churches, and Other Public Places. Contemporary, ($12.95 tp), $5.00. Ordway, Frederick & Randy Liebermann, eds. Blueprint for Space: Science Fiction to Science Fact. Smithsonian, ($27.95 tp), $14.00. Price, Robert M., ed. Black Forbidden Cryptical Secrets li"om the "Crypt ofCthulhu." Starmont House/Borgo Press, ($11.95 tp), $4.00. Sampson, Robert. Yesterday's Faces: A StudyofSen"es Characters in the Early Pulp Magazines, Volume 6: Violent Lives. Bowling Green University Press, ($18.95 tp), $10.00. Scholnick, Robert J., ed. American Literature and Science. University Press of Kentucky, ($28.00), $13.00. Slusser, George E. & Eric S. Rabkin, eds. Styles of Creation: Aesthetic Technique and the Creation of Fictional Worlds. University of Georgia Press, ($20.00 tp), $12.00. Sterling, Bruce. The Hacker Crackdown: Law and Disorder on the Electromc Frontier. Bantam, ($5.99 mass market paperback), $3.00. Sullivan, C. W. III, ed. Science FiCtion for Young Readers. Greenwood Press, ($49.95), $22.00. Wunderlich, Roger. Low Living and High Thinking at Modern Times, New York. Syracuse University Press, ($34.95), $15.00. Author Studies: [Campbell, R.] Joshi, S. T., ed. The Count of Thirty: A Tribute to Ramsey CampbeD. Necronomicon, ($6.50 stapled tp), $3.00. [Carroll, L.] Rackin, Donald. Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Throu/V1 the Looking Glass. Twayne, ($21.95), $11.00. [Qarke, A.] McAleer, Neil. Arthur C Garke: The Authorized Biography. Contemporary, ($25.00), $13.00. [Dunsany, L.] Joshi, S. T. & Darrell Schweitzer. Lord Dunsany: A Bibhography. Scarecrow, ($42.50), $22.00. [Gilman, c.J Ceplair, Larry, ed. Charlotte Perkins Gilman: A NonfictIon Reader. Columbia University Press, ($20.00 tp), $10.00. [King. S.] Magistrale, Tony. Stephen King: The Second Decade. Twayne, ($20.95), $12.00. [Lewis, C.] Howard, Thomas. C S. Lewis, Man of Letters: A Reading of His FictJon. Ignatius, ($10.00 tp), $6.00. [Lewis, C.] Manlove, Colin. The Chronicles of Narma: The Patterning of a FantastIc World Twayne, ($22.95), $12.00. [Lewis, C.] Walker, Andrew & James Patrick, eds. A ChristJim for All ChristJam:EssaysinHonorofC s. Lewis. Regnery, ($10.95 tp), $6.00. [Orwell, G.] Orwell, George. The War Commentaries. ($8.95 tp), $4.00. [Poe, E.] Meyers, Jeffrey. Edgar Allan Poe: His Life &' Legacy. Scribners, ($30.00), $17.00. [Rushdie, S.] Harrison, James. Salman Rushdie. Twayne, ($20.95), $11.00. [Sendak, M.] Sonheim, Amy. MauriceSendak. Twayne, ($20.95), $10.00. [Shelley, M.] Blumberg, Jane. Mary SheUey's Early Novels. University of Iowa Press, ($27.95), $14.00. 29

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SFRA Revle ... 210, March/Apri11994 [Silverberg, R.] Elkins, Charles L. & Martin H. Greenberg, eds. Robert Silverberg's Many Trapdoors: Critical Essays on His Science Fiction. Greenwood Press, ($47.95), $22.00. [Stoker, B.] Lorinczi, Marinella. Nel Dedalo del Drago: Introduziona a Dracula. Bulzoni Editore, ($25.00 tp), $8.00. [Verne, J.] Jules Verne: The Man Mlo Invented Tomorrow. Walker, ($14.95), $6.00. [Wells, H.] Hammond, J. R. H. G. Wells' and Rebecca West. St. Martin's Press, ($39.95), $20.00. [Wells, H.] Hammond, J. R. H. G. Wells' and the Short Story. St. Martin's Press, ($39.95), $20.00. [Williams, C.] Howard, Thomas. The Novels of Charles Wilh'aJ11S. Ignatiud, ($10.00 tp), $5.00. Film&1V: Clover, Carol J. Men, Women, and Chain saM': Gender in the Modern Horror Film. Princeton University Press, ($12.95 tp), $8.00; ($19.95 cloth), $12.00. Greenaway, Peter. Prospera's Books: A Film of Shakespeare's The Tempest. Four Walls, Eight Windows, ($24.95 tp), $10.00. Landon, Brooks. The Aesthetics of Ambivalence: Rethinking Science Fiction Film in the Age of EJectromc (Re}production. Greenwood Press, ($45.00), $23.00. Marrero, Robert. Dracula: The Vampire Legend on Film. Fantasma, ($12.95 tp), $6.00. Marrero, Robert. Vintage Monster Movies. Fantasma, ($12.95 tp), $6.00. Nottridge, Rhoda. Horror Films. Crestwood, ($12.95), $5.00. Pilato, Herbie J. The Bewitched Book: Tha Cosmic Compamon to TV's Most MagIcal Supernatural Situation Comedy. Delta, ($14.00 tp), $6.00. Renzi, Thomas C. H. G. Wells': Six Scientific Romances Adapted for Film. Scarecrow, ($29.50), $14.00. Schultz, Wayne. The Motlon Picture Senal: An Annotated Bibhography. Scarecrow, ($42.50), $20.00. Schoell, William. Comic Book Heroes of the Screen. CitadeVCarol, ($29.95), $14.00. Shapiro, Marc. Mlen Dinosaurs Ruled the Screen. Image, ($12.95 tp), $6.00. Staskowski, Andrea. Science Fictlon Movies. Lerner, ($13.95), $6.00. Weaver, Tom, ed. Creature from the Black Lagoon. MagicImage, ($20.00 tp), $12.00. Wiater, Stanley. Dark VislOns: Conversauons with the Masters of the Horror Film. Avon, ($10.00 tp), $6.00. Illustrations & Comics: Benton, Mike. The Comic Book in America, Revised &fiuon. Taylor, ($19.95 ea.), $10.00. Tolkien, J. R R & Christopher Tolkien. Pictures by J. R. R Tolkien. Houghton, ($40.00), $18.00. Hardcover Fiction: Hazel, Paul. The Wealdwife's Tale. AvoNovaIMorrow, ($20.00), $8.00. Jablokov, Alexander. A Deeper Sea. AvoNovaIMorrow, ($22.00), $10.00. Jablokov, Alexander. Nimbus. AvoNovaIMorrow, ($22.00), $10.00. 30

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BFRA Revle.'210, March/April 1994 Mann, Phillip. AvoNovaIMorrow, ($22.00), $10.00. McAuley, Paul J. Eternal LifJht. AvoNova, ($22.00), $10.00. Morrow, James. The ContmentofLies. Holt, 1984, ($15.95), $10.00. Norton, Andres. Brother to Shadoll.lS. AvoNova, ($20.00), $10.00. Norton, Andre. Golden TrjJJjwn. Bantam, ($21.95), $11.00. Paxson, Diana L. & Adrienne Martine-Barnes. Master of Earth and Water. AvoNovaIMorrow, ($22.00), $9.00. Pellegrino, Charles. Flying to ValhaUa. AvoNovaIMorrow, ($22.00), $9.00. Rohan, Michael Scon. The Gates of Noon. AvoNovaIMorrow, ($20.00), $8.00. Weis, Margaret & Tracy Hickman. The Hand of Chaos. Bantam, ($21.95), $9.00. Trade Paperback Fiction: DeHaven, Tom. The Last Hwnan. Bantam, ($11.00), $3.00. Ford, John M. Growing Up Weightless. Bantam, ($11.95), $5.00. Kerr, Katharine. Days of Blood and Fire. Bantam, ($11.95), $6.00. Lewis, Philip. Life of Death. Fiction Collective, not fantastic, ($8.95), $3.00. MacDonald, Ian. The Broken Land Bantam, ($11.00), $5.00. VoIsky, Paula. The WoffofWJiJter. Bantam, ($12.95), $6.00. Wilson, Robert Charles. The Harvest. Bantam, ($12.00), $5.00. Mass Market Paperback Fiction: Asimov, Isaac & Martin H. Greenberg, eds. The Ugly Little Boy. Bantam, ($5.99), $2.00. Barker, Clive. The Thiefof Always. Harper, ($5.99), $3.00. Donaldson, Stephen R A Dark and Hungry God Bantam, ($5.99), $2.00. Jones, Diana Wynne. A Sudden, Wild Magic. Avon, ($4.99), $2.00. Mann, Phillip. Avon, ($4.99), $2.00. Niven, Larry & Jerry Pournelle. The GrippJiJg Hand ($5.99), $3.00. Silverberg, Robert. Kingdoms of the WaD. Bantam, ($5.99), $3.00. Simmons, Dan. 7JleHoUowMan. Bantam, ($5.99), $3.00. Stephenson, Neal. Snow Crash. Bantam, ($5.99), $3.00. Willis, Connie. ImJX)SS/ble ThJiJ@. Bantam, ($5.99), $3.00. Zindell, David. The Broken God. Bantam, ($5.99), $2.00. The following mass market paperbacks are most list-priced at $4.50-$4.99 and are uniformly priced at $1.50 each. Publishers are omitted: Amason, Eleanor. Changing Women. Asimov, Isaac. Lucky Starr and the Moons of Jupiterf Lucky Starr and the Rin@ of Saturn. Asimov, Isaac. Lucky Starr and the Oceans of Venus'Lucky Starr and the Big Sun of Mercury. Bischoff, David. Aliens: Genocide. Bova, Ben. Sam Gunn Unlimited Bredenberg, Jeff. The Dream VesseL Bredenberg, Jeff. The Man JiJ the Moon Must Die. Cole, Adrian. Blood Red AngeL Cole, Adrian. Thief of Dreams. Cole, Adrian. Warlord of Heaven. DeHaven, Tom. The Last Hwnan. 31

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SFRA Renew'210, March/AprU 1994 Deitz. Tom. Wordwright. Frost. Gregory. The PUre Cold light. Gerrold. DaVId. Under the Eye of God. Geston. Mark S. Mirror to the Sky. Gravel. Geary. Batman: Duel to the Death. Gravel. Geary. Batman: Mask of the Phantasm. Gravel. Geary. Batman: Shadows of the Past. Green. Sharon. The Hidden Realms. Greenberg. Martin H . ed. The Further Adventures of Superman. Greenberg. Martin H . ed. The Further Adventures of Wonder Woman. Greenberg. Martin H.. ed. Isaac AsIinov's Universe, Volume 3: Unnatural Diplomacy. Greenland. Colin. Harm's Way. Grimes. Lee. Retro Lives. James. L. Dean. Summerland Jeffries. Mike. HaD Jeter. K. W. Alien Nation #2: Dark Horizon. Keith. W. H. Warstrider. Kerr. Katharine. DaggerspeD. Kerr. Katharine. A TIine of Omens. Lawhead. Stephen. The Silver Hand Leigh. Stephen. Dinosaur Planet. McDonald. Ian. Sci<;sors Cut Paper Wrap Stone. Moran. Daniel Keys. The Last Dancer. Obendorf. Charles. Testing. Perry. Steve & Stephani Perry. Aliens. Book 3: The Female War. Robeson. Kenneth. The Forgotten Realm. Rohan. Michael Scott. Chase the Morning. Sarabande. William. The Edge of the World. Skipp. Charles & Craig Spector. AnIinak. Turner. George. The Destiny Makers. Vornholt. John. The Fabulist. Weis. Margaret & Tracy Hickman. The Hand of Chaos. Willis. Paul J. No Dock in the Forest. Willis. Paul J. The Stolen River. Wu. William F. Isaac AsIinov's Robot City: Warrior. Audio: The Diamond Lens. performed by George Conneau, music by Brad Hill. Spencer library. ($10.00). $5.00. The FaD of the House of Usher. performed by Uoyd Battista. music by Brad Hill. Spencer library. ($10.00). $5.00. Fanzines: Approx. 50 specimen issues of recent fanzines. including many from Necronomicon Press. list-priced from $2.50-$6.00; $1.00 each. list upon request. Comics and Graphic Novels: A handful of these. all dirt cheap. list upon request. -Neil Barron 32

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SFRA Rerie ... '210, March/AprO 1994 mRRRZInE/CRTRLOR OEwa From Romania. courtesy of Cornel Robu. come Anticipatia No.5 500-507. Edited by Alexandru Mironov (Pjata Presei Libere; nr. 1. Bucuresti. cod 79781; ROMANIA). this issues feature "Pretul secant al genunii" by Adrian Rogoz (500); "Vremea lupilor" by Petrica S'lrbu (501); "Sara lucreaza cu Nevastuica" by Walter Jon Williams and "Regele hotilor" by Jack Vance (502); "Phoenixul din Kansar-City" by Florin Pitea and "Slac'1' by Michael P. Kube-McDowell (503); "0 pJimbare la soare" by Geoffrey A. Landis and "Pad urea fermecata" by Fritz Leiber Jr. (504); "Nicaieri. pretutindenirn. tarmuJ" by Marian Truta. ""Santul fortaretei" by Greg Egan. and "De la a la Z in aJfabetul de ciocolata 0)" by Harlan Ellison (505); "TurnuJ BabilonuJui" by Ted Chiang (506); and "AbominabiluJ McInch" by Jack Vance (507). A treasure trove of our favorites in this romance language. -Daryl F. Mallett SCHOLARLY COIlFEUIICES/COIlVEIITIOIlS 15th International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts. March 16-20. 1994. 3:00 p.m. Wednesday to Noon Sunday. Fort Lauderdale Airport Hilton. Dania. Florida. GoH: Roger Zelazny; Guest Scholar. TBA; Special Guest. Ben Bova; Permanent Special Guest. Brian W. Aldiss; and other guests. including Stephen R Donaldson. Joe Haldeman. H. Bruce Franklin. Brian Attebery. David Hartwell. Ellen Datlow. Tom Maddox. and more. IAFA; College of Humanities; 500 NW 20th; HU-SO B-9; Florida Atlantic University; Boca Raton. FL 33431; 717/532-1495. 94th ABA Convention & Exhibit. May 26-31. 1994. Los Angeles. California. American Booksellers Association; 560 White Plains Road; Tarrytown. NY 10591. SFSF '94. June 22-23. 1994. Barcelona. Spain. International workshop on Science & Technology through SF. Miquel Barcel6; Facultat d'Informatica; Universitat Politechnica de Catalunya; Pau Gargallo 5; E 08028 Barcelona SPAIN; blo@isi.upc.es. Mythcon XXV. August 5-8. 1994. Washington. D.C. GoH: Madeleine L'Engle; Scholar GoH: Verlyn Flieger. AGoH: Judith Mitchell. Irv Koch; 5465 N. Morgan Street #106; Alexandria. VA 22312. 95th ABA Convention & Exhibit. June 17-20. 1995. Chicago. IL. 96th ABA Convention & Exhibit. May 25-28. 1996. Los Angeles. CA. -Daryl F. Mallett RmmEIRO oEWa Coming from AnimEigo Inc. (p.O. Box 989; Wilmington. NC 28402-0989; 910/251-1850) in June 1994: Oh My Goodness #1: Moonlight & Cherry Blossoms; #2: Midswnmer Night's Dream, and #3: Burning Hearts on the Road: "College freshman Morisato Keiichi gets more than he bargained for 33

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S'RA Revie .. '210, MarchI April 1994 when he goes dialing for dinner and gets an unexpected delivery-Belldandy, a real live, honest-to-goodness Goddess!" Laserdisc release is Oh My Goodness LD #1: Episodes 1, 2, 3. -AnimEigo Inc. DISPOSITIOn OF ORIBlnRl ELFQUE6TRRT Twenty-two comic retail organizations have been selected to receive a page of original Elfquestartwork by Elfquest: New Blood writer/artist Barry Blair. The art pages are from Elfquest: New Blood #11, Blair's debut as regular series writer/artist. Each page is fully painted and is autographed by Blair and Elfquest co-creator Wendy Pini, who also serves as New Blood story editor and art director. Stores chosen to receive the art pages were randomly selected by the Warp Graphics staff. The recipients are: B & D Comic Shop (Roanoake, VA); Lonestar Comics (Arlington, TX); Reader's Exchange (Lincoln Park, MI); Comics R Us (pompano Beach, FL); Cool Hand Comics (Bessember City, NC); Just Imagine (Corona, CA); Gun Dog (Starkesville, MS); Merlyn's (Spokane, WA); Magic Dragon Comics (Medford, MA); Fantasia Comics (Charlottesville, VA); Marshak's House of Fantasy (Fort Collins, CO); C C Books (Las Vegas, NV); B & R Trading (Old Bridge, NJ); Infinity Quarters (Manhassett, Ny); AllAmerican Comics and Stories (New Orleans, LA); Collector's (Etobic, British Columbia, CANADA); Doly's Comics and Cards (Chico, CA); Black Dragon Comics (Elizabethton, TN); Steve's Comic Relief (Bristol, PA); King Arthur's Comics (San Antonio, TX); Einstein Comics (Rowlett, TX); Village Video and Comics (Morton, IL); and TNT Sports (palatka, FL). -Conrad L. Stinnett III, Warp Graphics ELFQUE6l-/URYEOROCEI6 #1 Warp Graphics (43 Haight Avenue; Poughkeepsie, NY 12603; 914'473WARP; FAX 914/473-9280), publisher of the EJfquest line of comics and graphic novels, announced the complete sell-out of WaveDanceI.Y #1, the latest offering in the Elfqueststorytelling universe. WaveDanceI.Yconcerns the adventures ofa previously unknown tribe of aquatic elves living in the "Vastdeep Water" area of the Elfquest world of "Two Moons." The series is written and illustrated by the Australian team of Julie Ditrich, Bruce Love, and former Disney Studios animator Jozef Szekeres. -Conrad L. Stinnett III, Warp Graphics lOCUI lEST nOnFICTiOn FOR 1183 REFERENCE: The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, by John Qute & Peter Nicholls (Orbit; St. Martin's) Science Fiction and Fantasy Reference Index. 1985-1991, by Hal W. Hall (Libraries Unlimited) Hawk's Author's Pseudonyms for Book CoUectoI.Y, by Pat Hawk (pat Hawk) 34

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SFRA Rerie",'210, March/April 1994 Lord Dunsany: A BIbliography. by S. T. Joshi & Darrell Schweitzer (Scarecrow Press) Reginald's Science Fiction &' Fantasy A wards, Third Edition, by Daryl F. Mallen & Robert Reginald (The Borgo Press) HISTORy/CRITICISM: The Magic That Works": John W CampbeU and the Amen'can Response to Technology. by Albert I. Berger (The Borgo Press) Once Around the Bloch: An Unauthorized Autobiography. by Robert Bloch (Tor) Terminal Identity: The Virtual Subject in Postmodern Science Fiction, by Scon Bukatrnan (Duke University Press) PITFCS: Proceedirlgs of the Institute for Twenty-First Century Studies, edited by Theodore R Cog;well (Advent:Publishers) Vultures of the Void: A History of British Science Fiction Publishing, 1946-1956, by Philip Harbottle & Stephen Holland (The Borgo Press) The Search for E T. BeD. Ako Known as John Taine, by Constance Reid (Mathematical Association of America) Ultimate Island: On the Nature of British Science Fiction, by Nicholas Ruddick (Greenwood Press) The Monster Show: A Cultural History of Horror, by David J. Skal (Norton) Styles of Creation: Aesthetic Techniques and the Creation of Fictional Worlds, edited by George E. Slusser & Eric S. Rabkin (University of Georgia Press) Off With Their Heads!: Fairy Tales and the Culture of Childhood, by Maria Tatar (Princeton University Press) The Trials and Tnbulations of Little Red Riding Hood, Second Edition, edited by Jack Zipes (Routledge) ART: Tolkien's World, edited by Anon. (HarperCollins UK) A Hannes Bok Treasury. by Hannes Bok (UnderwoodlMiller) The Sorcerer's ApQrentice, by Nancy Willard, illus. by Leo & Diane Dillon (Blue Sky Press/Scholastic) Switch on the M'ght, by Ray Bradbury, illus. by Leo & Diane Dillon (KnopO Virgil Finlay's Phantasms, by Virgil Finlay (UnderwoodlMiller) Virgil Finlay's Strange Science, by Virgil Finlay (UnderwoodIMiller) Carl Lundgren: Great Artist, by Carl Lundgren (Gator Press) Dreamquests: The Art of Don Maitz, by Don Maitz (UnderwoodIMiller) Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art, by Scon McCloud (Tundra Publishing) The Art of Michael Whelan, by Michael Whelan (Bantam Spectra) Pastures in the Sky, by Patrick Woodroffe (Pomegranate) -compiled by Locus 35

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UPC CALL FOR PAPERS STSF '94 An International Workshop on SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY through SCIENCE FICTION 22nd-23rd June 1994 -BARCELONA (Spain) Organized by: Consell Social (Board of Trustees) ofUNlVERSITAT POurECNICA DE CATALUNYA (UPC) In cooperation with: Software Department (UPC) Physics and Nuclear En&ineerin& Department (UPC) WORLD SF (Hispanic Chapter) THE WORKSHOP A good working definition of science fiction is "speculative extrapolation about the effect of science and technology on society". The aim of this International WorkShop is to provide a forum for identifying, encouraging and discussing research about science and technOlogy, or their consequences, as ponrayed in science fiction. The Workshop will bring together researchers, scientists, and other academics with science fiction professionals to share information and explore new ideas about the relationship between science fiction. science and technology. TOPICS OF INTEREST The topics of lnlcrelt iDclude but are DOlllmhed to: Biotechnology, genetic engineering science, robotics, artificial Macrocogineering Nanotechnology Physics, astronomy, cosmology Professional activity of scientists and engineers Social impact of science and Teaching science and with science fietion INSTRUCTIONS TO AUTHORS Paper submissions must be in English and no more than 6000 words long. Th' Procerdlngs of the Workshop will be pllblished by thc organizing instltlltlon. Authors arerequcstedto submitaulI,ro!lnl,nllonwith the title of the paper and a ,hon abstract (less than one page) before November JOt 1993. Authors must submit five copies oC each paper, before January 31, 1994. to the: Program Chairperson: Miquel BARCEW F Icultat d'lnCormltita Universitat Polittcnica de CataJunya Pau Gareallo, 5 E 08028 BARCELONA (Spain) Tel: 34.3.401.6958 Fu: 34.3.401.7113 Email: blo@lsi.upc.es PROGRAM COMMITIEE Miquel BarcelO (Software Dept., UPC, SPAIN) Joe Haldeman (SFWApresidcnt, MLT. Professor. USA) Elizabeth A. Bull (SFRA pasI-presidcnt, USA) Frederik Pohl (SFWA and WSF pasI-presi dent, USA) Vernor Vinge (Dept. ofMaIh Scicna:s, SDSU, USA) ORGANIZING COMMITTEE Miquel Barcel6 (Software Depl, UPC) Laura Cabarrocu (Board of Trustees (seer.), upc) Gay HaidemID (Writing Program. MLT.,USA) Ped", Jo,&e (Hispanic Chap!er of WORLD SF) JordlJo" (Physics and Nuclear Engineering DepI., UPC) Loul. Lemko .. (Sociology Depl, UAB) Manel MonDO (Physics and Nuclear Engineering DcpI., UPC) IMPORTANT DATES Deadline for Uti,,. o[ Intention: November 30,1993 D mission: January 31, NotifICation ofAoccptonce: Marcb IS, 199. Camera Rady Papers Due; April 30, 1994

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SFRA Rerlew'210, March/Aprll1994 FEATURE ARTICLE RmmRTlOnOREFEREnCE, HI&TDRY, BIOHRRPHY Popular appreciation of animation has revived in recent years, thanks not only to several successful new films from MIo Framed Roger Rabbit? (I988) to Aladdin (I 992), but perhaps even more because of the ubiquity of classic animation on video and television. The Cartoon Network is superfluous. Anyone can see hours of vintage animation every week on TNT and Nickleodeon or in syndication. Disney animation is available, but only on video or on the relatively expensive Disney Channel. Animation exists in three forms-shorts, features, and television. Short cartoons were made in the earliest years of films, but became commercially important only after the introduction of sound. Incredible advances in technical ability and story sophistication took place at Disney, Warner Bros., and other studios between the late 1920s and the late 1930s. Almost unnoticed by critics, cartoons became one of the chief of the Golden Age of Hollywood and one of the most visible manifestations of America's domination of the world's popular culture. Most of the famous cartoon characters were invented between 1928 and 1940. Short commercial cartoons (as opposed to short art films) were among the victims of television. Shorts went into decline in the mid-1950s and virtually disappeared by the late 1960s. Cartoon shorts are built around gags and situations rather than stories, follow their own unique conventions and create worlds which are neither realistic nor fantastic. By contrast, animated feature films must tell a story, generally a fantastic story. Only a few obscure foreign features preceded Disney's Snow WhIte and the Seven DwarfS (I 937), usually described as the first animated feature film. According to Patrick Robertson's Guinness Book of Movie Facts & Feats (I988), 436 cartoon features were made by 1987 in thirty-one countries. These include 137 Japanese films, eighty U.S. films, and only thirty from France, the third-largest producer. American features usually emphasize fantasy; Japanese features are often SF. Television cartoons are almost always cheaper and far inferior to animation made for theatres. Mostly abyssmallV cartoons contributed to the demise of theatrical short cartoons in the 1950s. Nevertheless, there have been a few gems amid the muck. The BuJlwinJde Show was one of the most crudely animated series on lV, but was also a feast of wit. Two well-informed and well-wrinen histories of American animation are Leonard Maltin's Of Mice and Magic (I987) and Charles Solomon's Enchanted (I 989). Both have only a few pages on U.S. television cartoons and have linle to say about foreign animation. Maltin has a much longer text than Solomon but has small, mostly black-and-white illustrations. Solomon has larger pictures, mostly in color, and is of course much more expensive. Of Mice and Magic has a chapter on each of the U.S. studios 37

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SFRA Renelll"'210, March/Aprl11994 which produced major bodies of cartoons-Disney, Warner, Fleischer, Terrytoons, Walter Lantz, Iwerks, Van Beuren, Columbia, MGM, Paramount, and UPA In a 106-page appendix, Maltin lists every short cartoon made by these producers from the silents throughout the early 1970s, arranged by studio, then chronologically. For each short, Maltin gives the director and the main character or the series to which the short belong; and notes Oscar nominations and awards. Many shorts are discussed in more detail the text. Unfortunately, Maltin's index lists only films discussed in the text, not those listed in the appendix. If only the title of a short is known, it is impossible to find it in Maltin's lists. Of Mice and Magic is the first choice, but Enchanted should also be consulted, especially for its large bibliography of books and articles. For every U.S. animated feature, TV series, and TV special, Jeff Lenburg's Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons (1991) lists date, director, and voice cast and provides a terse description. His section on theatrical shorts is arranged by character, by series, or by the names of smaller studios, all in one alphabetical order. He briefly discusses each character, series, or producer, then lists the shorts chronologicallr' He does not list the director of each short and does not describe individua shorts. Lenburg's index lists artists, voice actors, directors, studios, series, and the titles of features, TV series, and TV tpecials, but not the titles of shorts. Lenburg includes dozens of black-and white illustrations and is the most complete reference volume in the field. Maltin and Lenburg's failure to index titles of shorts is a frustrating barrier to research. Books by Grant, Hollis, and Beck, described below, provide title indexing for Disney and Warner Bros. shorts. If a researcher knows the title of a short from another studio, he can consult an expensive two-volume set, Alan Goble's International Film Index, 189S-199O (1991), which lists an astonishing 232,000 films-live action, animated, U.S., foreign, silent, sound, shorts, and features-found in hundreds of secondary sources. For each film, Goble gives only date, country, and director. He does not give the studio responsible for each film, but, armed with the date, a researcher can find the film by checking the year in each of the eleven chronological studio lists in Maltin. Knowledgeable researchers will often be able to deduce the studio from the director's name. Another general reference book on films which has special value for research on animation is the above-mentioned Robertson's Guinness Book of Movie Facts {I Feats. A densely packed four-page chapter gives "firsts," records and statistics on the history of cartoons. As late as 1980, editors Danny and Gerald Peary felt it necessary to write "with The American Animated Cartoon, the reputation of the Walt Disney Studio as the only worthwhile producer of American animation is, we hope, laid to rest." While acknowledging Walt Disney's pivotal influence, Peary and Peary emphasize the work of other Disney artISts, such as Vladimir Tytla, who drew the "Night on Bald Mountain" sequence of Fantasia (1940) and who is considered by many experts the greatest animator of any period, and of Disney's rivals, especially Warner Bros. The thirty-seven essays, source documents and interviews gathered in the Peary collection are almost all of high quality and interest. The anthology contairJS several large and valuable bibliographies. The American Animated Cartoon ranks with Maltin's history and Lenburg's encyclopedia among the most important books in the field. The IUusion of Life: Essays on Animation, edited by Alan Cholodenko and published in Australia in 1991, was not read for this survey. not seen were two 1993 American books on cartoon shorts of the classic period. Norman Klein's Seven Minutes: The Life and Death of the 38

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SFRA Revie ... '210, March/AprO 1994 Amenean Animated Cartoon was favorably reviewed in Kirkus Review. October IS, 1993. Eric Smoodin's Animating Culture (1993) is a left-wing examination of classic cartoons by Disney, Warner Bros., and Max Fleischer. LibraryJoumal(June 1,1993) found it a "rambling monograph" in which "the conclusions he draws range from the obvious to the inane." Thomas W. Hoffer's Animation: A Reference Guide (1981), apparently the only book-length bibliographical guide, is now twelve years old. The bibliography in Solomon (1989) updates the coverage. Unsurprisingly, more has been written about Walt Disney than any other animator. Two bibliographies, Elizabeth Leebron's Walt Disney (1979) and Kathy Jackson's Walt Disney: A Bio-Bibliography (1993, reviewed favorably m the October 1993 issue of Choice) exist for this literature. It is often forgotten that for the first twenty years of his career, Disney was highly respected by intellectuals. Sergei Eisenstein considered Disney reactionary, but nonetheless a genius. Eisenstein on Disney. edited by Jay Leyda (1989), collects several unfinished articles written by the great Soviet filmmaker in the early 1940s. Most of the collection sets forth Eisenstein's ideas on the psychology of film, with only occasional references to Disney's work. Frank Thomas and Ollie Johnston are two of the "Nine Old Men," the irmer corps of Disney animators. Their Disney Animation: The IUl$ion of Life (1981) combines an extraordinarily valuable text with hundreds of gorgeous illustrations. Emphasizing Disney's feature films rather than the shorts, Thomas and Johnston provide technical information, the development of cameras, sound effects, and music; discuss the individual contributions of thirteen of the top Disney artists; and describe studio organization and procedures and especially the endless experiments and detailed planning which went irIto every major project. Eight pages are devoted solely to the animation of eyes, thirteen to the drawing of walks. They recall Walt Disney as a perfectionist, risk-taker, and irmovator. an excellent "story-man" and editor. but they also reveal that Disney fell behind his animators in some technical areas and was never a popular boss. "No one had an easy time with Walt or found him particularly comfortable to be around." The hundreds of beautiful illustrations are mostly work drawings rather than stills from finished films. No other book so clearly reveals the fervent dedication to quality which moved the studio in its greatest years. Thomas and Johnston also collaborated on three other books. each more limited in scope than Disney Animation. but still useful. Disney Animation and Too Funny for Words: Disney's Greatest Sight (I987) are listed under Thomas in the bibliography; Walt Disney's Bambi (I 990) and The Disney ViUain (I993) are under Johnston. reflecting the precedence in their names on the title pages of each work. John Grant's Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Animated Characters, Revised Edition (I992) is a much-needed reference book flawed by the author's preoccupation with his beliefthat animated characters are the key to Disney's success. Grant provides detailed credits. synopses. and criticism of all Disney animated features. He spends too much space on minor characters. The section on Disney shorts is unwisely arranged by character rather than by title. The title index gives the date and director of each short; only by looking up each page reference for a short can a reader determine which characters appeared in the short. Grant describes only a few individual shorts. The hundreds of well-reproduced illustrations include all the characters. even the most minor. Half of Richard Holliss and Brian Sibley's The Disney Studio Story (I988) is a friendly history of the company. The other half is a chronological 39

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SFRA RevJe .... 210. Much/Apm 1994 filmography of all Disney's fils from the beginning to 1987-animated and live action, shorts, features, and 1V series. For each title, the authors provide date, director, and a terse description. Holliss and Sibley have far less information than Grant on the features, but they fill the gap left by Grant's coverage of the shorts. The Disney Studio Story is heavily illustrated, with a large bibliography. Maltin's The Disney Films, Remed Edition (1984) has detailed credits and thoughtful discussions of all Disney features from 1937 to Disney's death in 1967, both animated and live action. The live action films include some notable SF and fantasy titles, such as 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954), Darby O'Gill and the little People (1959), The Absent-Minded Professor (1961), and Mary Poppins (1964). Maltin has only a brief chapter on the shorts and an equally terse section on Disney films since 1967. The 1984 edition differs only slightly from the 1973 first edition. Christopher Finch's Art of Walt Disney (1983) has less information than Ho11iss/Sibley or Maltin, but more illustrations. Treasures of Disney Animation (1982) has dozens of the studio's "inspirational" and preliminary drawings, but almost no text aside from captions. One of the earliest biographies of Walt Disney was the hagiographic Story of Walt Disney (1957) by his daughter, Doris Disney Miller. One of the first anti-Disney books was Richard Schickel's The Disney Ve.f.5"ion (1968). Subsequent, friendly studies include Bob Thomas' Walt Disney: An American Original (1976) and Leonard Mosley's Disney's World (1990). 1993 saw a battle of the biographers over Disney's reputation. To long;tanding charges of tyrannical leadership, personal unpleasantness, avarice, anti-Semitism, union busting, Red-hunting, sentimentality, and addiction to kitsch. Marc Eliot's Walt Disney: HoUywood's Dark Prince (1993) added illegitimacy, impotence, alcoholism, psychological enthrallment to J. Edgar Hoover, and spying for the F.B.1. Doris Disney Miller claimed that Eliot was guilty of "more than 150" factual errors. Former F.B.1. director William Webster said that Disney had never been a paid informant-seemingly leaving open the possibility that he had been an unpaid source. Specific Disney achievements are chronicled in Johnston and Thomas' Walt Disney's Bambi, John Culhane's Walt Disney's Fantasia (1987), Culhane's Disney's Aladdin (1992), Richard Holliss' Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs & the Making of the Qassic Film (1987), Holliss' Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse (1987), and Craig Yoe & Janet MorraYoe's The Art of Mickey Mouse (1991). Half of Bob Thomas' Disney's Art of Animation: From Mickey Mouse to Beauty and the Beast (1991) is a terse history of Disney cartoons; the other half is devoted to the production of Beauty and the Beast (1991). Specific periods in Disney history are covered by Russell Merritt's Walt in Wonderland: The Silent Films of Walt Disney (1992), Jack Kinney's Walt Disney and Assorted Other Characte.f.5": An Unauthorized Account of the Early Yea.f.5" at Disney (1988), and Richard Shale's Donald Duck Joins Up: The Walt Disney Studio During World War II (1982). Three books deal with recent Disney history. John Taylor's Storming the Magic Kingdom (1987) recounts the crisis of 1984, when Disney, at a low ebb under the management of Walt's son-in-law, Ron Miller, was almost captured and broken up by corporate raiders (one of them nicknamed "Irv the liquidator"). Joe Flower's Prince of the Magic Kingdom (1991) and Ron Grover's The Disney Touch (1991) describe the company's recovery since 1984 under the of Michael Eisner, Jeffrey Katzenberg, and Walt's nephew, Roy DISney. 40

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SFRA Revlew'210, March I Aprll 1994 Cartoonists at Warner Bros. produced hundreds of shorts, but no features. Their characters became as popular and famous as Disney's. Animation buffS often prefer the fast-moving, witty Warner shorts to the gentler Disney shorts. Jerry Beck and Will Friedwald's Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies (1989) is an essential filmography of the Warner shorts, giving each film's director, writers, animators, and voice casts, and a description averaging about 200 words. Beck and Friedwald have only a few black-and-white illustrations, while Steve Schneider's That's All Folks!(1988) is lavishly illustrated. Schneider also has a sound text on the history of the studio and the development of the Warner characters. Other books on Warner include two autobiographies, Chuck Amuck. by director Chuck Jones (1989) and That's Not All Folks, by voice artist Mel Blanc (1988); Joe Adamson's Tex Avery; King of Cartoons (1985), a biography of another Warner director; and Beck and Shalom Auslander's I Tawt I Tawa Puddy Tat (1991), chronicling Sylvester and Tweety. Lenburg's Great Cartoon Directors (1993) has a chapter on each of eight non-Disney cartoonists-Warner directors Fritz Freleng, Chuck Jones, Bob Qampett, and Tex Avery; independents Walter Lantz, Dave Fleischer, and the team of William Hanna and Joseph Barbera; and the remarkably named Ub Iwerks, important both as a Disney artist and an independent producer. Books about cartoonists outside the Disney and Warner empires include Joe Adamson's The Walter Lantz Story (1985), Patrick Brion's Tom and Jerry (1990, Brion is Vice President of Le Cinematheque Franc;aise, a reminder of the high regard even the most intellectual European film critics have for U.S. animation), Leslie Cabarga's The Reischer Story (1988), and Ted Sennett's The Art of Hanna-Barbera (1989). The Silent Era is covered by Donald Crafton's Before Mickey: The Animated Film, 1898-1928 (1982), Denis Gifford's American Animated Films: The Silent Era, 1897-1929 (1990), Crafton's Emile CoM, Caricature and Film (1990), John Canemaker's Wmsor McCay: His Life and Art (1987), Canemaker's Felix: The Twisted Tale of the Worlds Most Famous Cat (1991), and Russell Merritt's Walt in Wonderland (1992). The World War II period is chronicled by Michael S. Shull's Doing Their Bit: WartIine American Animated Short Films (1987) and Shale's Donald Duck Joms Up. Two recent animators are showcased by Ralph Bakshi's The Animated Art of Ralph Bakshi (1989) and John Cawley's The Animated Films of Don Bluth (1991). Dozens of books have been written about American cartoons, but only a few on foreign animation. Both Bruno Edera's Full Length Animated Feature Films (1977) and John Halas' Masters of Animation (1987) cover both U.S. and foreign films. Edera surveys the history of animation in nineteen countries, including the U.S., and provides valuable credits and synopses for 195 films, only fifty-one of them American. Halas is more up-to-date, but has no filmographic information. Halas surveys animation in twelve countries. then profiles forty-three animators. Both books are crowded with illustrations from films unknown to most Americans. Denis Gifford's British Animated Films, 1895-1985 is a filmography of the British contribution, almost entirely shorts rather than features. Roger Manvell's Art & Animation: The Story of Halas & Batchelor Animation Studio. 1940-1980 (I980) is a history of a Bntish producer of art films. Steven R. Johnson's Vlewer Gwde to Japanese Animation (1987) is apparently the only English-language book on the busy Japanese industry. 41

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SFRA ReFiew'210, March/April 1994 Lenburg's Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons has basic information on U.S. animated television productions. Much more detailed is Animated Cartoon Sen'es. Part One of George W. Woolery'S two-volume set. Children's (1983). covering 1946-1981. Woolery provides descriptions. histories. and complete credits for all U.S. animated series. Woolery's Animated TV Specials (1989) covers 1V films. mostly thirty-to-sixty minutes long. Two nostalgic books about both live action and animated children's 1V supplement Woolery. Stuart Fischer's KJd's TV(1983) is much less complete than Woolery. but has the one vital element Woolery lacks-illustrations. Gary H. Grossman's Saturday Morning TV(1981) has a 46-page section on 1V cartoons. including illustrations and quotes from animators and from their frequent critic. Peggy Charren of Action for Children's Television. The animators discuss the problems of achieving any degree of quality or originality under conditions of very low budgets and highly restrictive censorship. Roger Fulton's Encyclopedia of TV Science Fiction (1990) includes an appendix describing forty-one animated series from the U.S.. Britain. and Japan. Sennett's The Art of Hanna-Barbera surveys a company noted for both theatrical and 1V cartoons. Grant's Encyclopedia of Disney Animated Characters includes a section on recent Disney made-for-1V animation. The bibliography lists fan-oriented books on a few specific 1V series-two by John Peel on the animated Star Trekseries. two by Kay Reynolds and one by James Van Hise on Japan's Robotech. and one by Van Hise on Jonny Quest. Michael Swannigan and Darrell McNeill's Animation by Fi1mation (1993) describes the output of a studio which specialized in 1V series about superheroes such as Batman. Superman. and Tarzan. Of the three magazines in the field. the semi-annual Animation Journal and the quarterly Animation Magazine are not indexed. The irregular Funnyworldis indexed in Film Literature Index. Hundreds of videocassettes of animated features. shorts and 1V programs are available. Two annual guides. the very complete Source Book and the less complete but much less expensive Hound's Golden Movie Retriever. have mdexes identifying animated videos. Mick Martin and Marsha Potter's Movie Gwde for Family (1993) has rather lenient ratings of over 2.000 videos suitable for children. both animated and live action. The most obvious un-met needs for the study of animation are an inexpensive source providing title access to cartoon shorts; up-to-date coverage of recent trends in televised animation. exemplified by The Simpsons and Ren and Stimpy. -Michael Klossner Bibliography [* Indicates core titles. Note that Hyperion is a subsidiary of the Disney Company] Adamson. Joe. Tex AvelJl, King of Cartoons. New York: DaCapo. 1985.237 p . $15.95; ISBN 0-30680-248-1. Adamson. Joe. The Walter Lantz Story. New York: Putnams. 1985.254 p . O.p.; ISBN 0-399-13096-9. 42

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BFRA Revlew'210, MarchI April 1994 Animation Journal (2011 King;boro Circle; Tustin, CA 92680-6733). Fall 1992-. Semi-annual. $20.00 individual, $40.00 institutional; ISSN 10610308. Animation Ma{J8zine (5889 Kanan Road, Ste. 317; Agoura Hills, CA 91301). 1987-. Quarterly. $21.00/6 iss.; ISSN 1041-617X. Bakshi, Ralpb. The Animated Art of Ralph &kshi. Norfolk, VA Donning. 1989, $12.95; ISBN 0-8986-5786-5. Beck, Jerry & Simon Auslander. I Tawt I Taw a Puddy Tat: Fihy Yean" of Sylvester and Tweety. New York: Holt, 1991, 155 p., $35.00; ISBN 08050-1644-9. *Beck, Jerry & Will Friedwald. Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies: A Complete IUustrated Gwde to the Warner Bros. Cartoons. New York: Holt, 1989,385 p., $15.95; ISBN 0-8050-0894-2. Blanc, Mel & Philip Bashe. That's Not AU Folks. New York: Warner Books, 1988,275 p., o.p.; ISBN 0-446-51244-3. Brion, Patrick. Tom and Jerry. New York: Harmony Books, 1990, 176 p., $40.00; ISBN 0-51757-351-2. Cabarga, Leslie. The Fleischer Story. Revised Edition. New York: DaCapo, 1988,216 p., $16.95; ISBN 0-30680-313-5. Canemaker, John. Felix: The Twisted Tale of the World's Most Famous Cat. New York: Pantheon, 1991, 177 p., $30.00; ISBN 0-67972-809-0. Canemaker, John. WJiJsor McCay: His Life and Art. New York: Abbeville, 1987,223 p., $49.95; ISBN 0-8965-9687-7. Cawley, John. The Animated Films of Don Bluth. New York: Image Publishing, 1991, 156 p., $14.95; ISBN 0-6855-0334-8. Cholodenko, Alan, ed. The IUusion of life: Essays on Animation. Sydney: Power Publications! Australian Film Commission, 1991, 312 p., 0-90995218-3. Crafton, Donald. Before Mickey: The Animated Film, 1898-1928. Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1982,413 p., O.p.; ISBN 0-2620-3083-7. Crafton, Donald. Emile CoN. Caricature and Film. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1990, 404 p., $75.00; ISBN 0-6910-5581-5. Culhane, John. Disney's Aladdin: The Makin{; of the Animated Film. New York: Hyperion, 1992, 119 p., $24.95; Culhane, John. Walt Disney's Fantasia. New York: Abradale Press, 1987, 222 p., $19.95; ISBN 0-8109-8078-9. Edera, Bruno. FuU Length Animated Feature Films. New York: Hasting; House, 1977, 196 p., O.p.; ISBN 0-8038-2317-7. Eisenstein, Sergei. Eisenstein on Disney, edited by Jay Leyda. Heinemann, 1989, 101 p., $17.95; ISBN 0-4131-9640-2. Eliot, Marc. Walt Disney: HoUywood's Dark Prince. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Publishing Group, 1993,305 p., $21.95; ISBN 1-55972-174-X. Finch, Christopher. The Art of Walt Disney New York: Abradale Press, 1983, 160 p., $39.95; ISBN 0-8109-8052-5. Fischer, Stuart. Kid's TV: The First 25 Yean". New York: Facts on File, 1983, 289 p., O.p.; ISBN 0-87196-794-4. Flower, Joe. Prince of the Magic Kingdom: Michael Eisner and the Remaking of Disney New York: J. Wiley, 1991,309 p., $22.95; ISBN 0-4715-2465-4. Fulton, Roger. The EncyclopedJa of IV Science Fiction. London: Boxtree, 1990,596 p., .95; ISBN 1-8528-3277-0. Funnyworld (1716 Barkston Court; Atlanta, GA 30341). 1966-. Irregular, $1.50/iss.; ISSN 0071-9943. Gifford, Denis. American Animated Films: The Silent Era, 1897-1929. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1990,208 p., $35.00; ISBN 0-8995-0460-4. 43

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/April 1994 Gifford. Denis. British Animated Films. 189S-198S: A Filmography. Jefferson. NC: McFarland. 1987.345 p .. $45.00; ISBN 0-8995-0241-5. Gifford. Denis. The Great Cartoon Stars: A Mlos Mlo. London: Jupiter Books. 1979. 128 p .. .50; ISBN 0-9040-4134-4. Goble. Alan. ed. The International Film Index. 189S-1990. London: Bowker Saur. 1991.2 v .. $335.00; ISBN 0-8629-1623-2. *Grant. John. Encyclopedia of Walt Disney's Animated Characters. ReviYed Edition. New York: Hyperion. 1992. 384 p .. $40.00; ISBN 1-56282-904-1. Greene. Katharine & Richard Greene. The Man Behind the Magic: The Story of Walt Disney. New York: Viking. 1991. 183 p .. $16.95; ISBN 0-67082259-0. Juvenile. Grossman. Gary H. Saturday Morning TV New York: Arlington. 1981.424 p .. o.p.; ISBN 0-51764-114-3. Grover. Ron. The Disney Touch: How a Daring Management Team Revived an Entertainment Empire. Homewood.IL: Business One Irwin. 1991.315 p .. $24.95; ISBN 1-5562-3385-X. Halas. John. Masters of Animation. Topsfield. MA: Salem House. 1987. 136 p .. o.p.; ISBN 0-8816-2306-7. Hoffer. Thomas W. Animation: A Reference Guide. Westport. Cf: Greenwood Press. 1981.385 p .. $42.85; ISBN 0-313-21095-0. tIolliss. Richard. Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse. New York: Harper & Row. 1986.96 p .. o.p.; ISBN 0-060-15619-8. Holliss. Richard & Brian Sibley. The Disney Studio Story. New York: Crown. 1988.256 p . $40.00; ISBN 0-5175-7078-5. Holliss. Richard & Brian Sibley. Walt Disney's Snow White and the Seven DwarfS & the Making of the Oassic Film. New York: Simon & Schuster Books for Young Readers. 1987.88 p .. o.p.; ISBN 0-671-64439-4. Jackson. Kathy Merlock. Walt Disney: A Bio-BIbliography. Westport. Cf: Greenwood Press. 1993.347 p .. $49.95; ISBN 0-313-25898-8. Johnson. Steven R.. ed. A t-Jewers Gwde to Japanese Animation. Second Edition. Los Angeles: Books Nippan. 1987.48 p .. o.p. Johnston. Ollie & Frank Thomas. The Disney Villain. New York: Hyperion. 1993.232 p .. $45.00; ISBN 1-56282-792-8. Johnston. Ollie & Frank Thomas. Walt Disney's Bambi New York: Stewart. Tabori & Chang. 1990.208 p .. $29.95; ISBN 1-55670-160-8. Jones. Chuck. Chuck Amuck: The Life and Times of an Animated Cartoonist. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux. 1989.302 p .. $24.95; ISBN 0-3741-23489. Kinney. Jack. Walt Disney and Assorted Other Characters: An Unauthorized Account of the Early Years at Disney. New York: Harmony Books. 1988. 207 p .. o.p.; ISBN 0-51757-057-2. Klein. Michael. Seven Minutes: The Life and Death of the American Animated Cartoon. New York: Verso. distributed by Routledge. Chapman & Hall. 1993.273 p .. $29.95; ISBN 0-8609-1396-1. Leebron. Elizabeth & Lynn Gartley. Walt Disney: A Gwde to References and Resources. Boston: G. K. Hall. 1979.226 p . o.p.; ISBN 0-8161-8004-8. *Lenburg. Jeff. The Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons. New York: Facts on File. 1991.466 p .. $40.00; ISBN 0-81602-252-6. Lenburg. Jeff. The Great Cartoon Directors. New York: DaCapo. 1993. 261 p .. $25.95; ISBN 0-30680-521-9. Maltin. Leonard. The Disney Films. ReviYed Edition. New York: Crown. 1984.343 p .. o.p.; ISBN 0-5175-5407-0. *Maltin. Leonard. Of Mice and Magic. ReviYed Edition. New York: New American Library. 1987.485 p .. $17.95; ISBN 0-4522-5993-2. 44

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SFRA Revle .. '210, March/AprU 1994 Manvell, Roger. Art &' Animation: The Story of Halas &' Batchelor Animation Studio, 1940-1980. New York: Hasting;, 1980, 145 p., o.p.; ISBN 0-90420888-6. Martin, Mick & Marsha Potter. Movie Guide for Family New York: Ballantine Books, 1993,377 p., $3.95; ISBN 0-345-38224-2. Merritt, Russell. Walt in Wonderland: The Silent Films of Walt Disney. Pordenone, Italy: Edizioni Biblioteca dell'immagine, 1992, 235 p.; ISBN 88861-5500-X; in English and Italian. Miller, Diane Disney & Pete Martin. The Story of Walt Disney. New York: Holt, 1957,247 p., o.p. Mosley, Leonard. Disney's World: A Biography. Chelsea, MI: Scarborough House, 1990,330 p., O.p.; ISBN 0-8128-8514-7. Peary, Danny & Gerald Peary, ed. The American Animated Cartoon: A Critical Anthology. New York: Dutton, 1980, 310 p., o.p.; ISBN 0-52547639-3. Peel, John. The Animated Voyages Begin. San Bernardino, CA: The Borgo Press, 1987, 51 p., cloth, o.p. THE STAR TREK FILES. Peel, John. The Animated Voyages End San Bernardino, CA: The Borgo Press, 1987,51 p., cloth, o.p. THE STAR TREK FILES. Reynolds, Kay. RobotechArt I. Norfolk, VA: Donning, 1986,254 p., $16.95; ISBN 0-8986-5412-2. Reynolds, Kay. RobotechArt2. Norfolk, VA: Donning, 1987, 131 p., $12.95; ISBN 0-8986-5417-3. Robertson, Patrick. The Guinness Book of MOVIe Facts &' Feats, Fourth Edition. New York: Abbeville Press, 1991,236 p., $19.95; ISBN 1-55859236-9. Rovin, Jeff. The IDustrated Encyclopedia of Cartoon Animals. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1991,327 p., $18.00; ISBN 0-132-75561-0. Schickel, Richard. The Disney Vemon: The life, Times, Art and Commerce of Walt Disney, Revised Edition. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985,449 p., $10.95; ISBN 0-671-54714-3. Schneider, Steve. That's AU Folks!: The Art of Warner Bros. Animation. New York: Holt, 1988,252 p., $19.95; ISBN 0-8050-1485-3. Sennett, Ted. The Art of Hanna-Barbera: Fifty Years of CreatiVIty. New York: Vikin!;l Studio Books, 1989,270 p., $50.00; ISBN 0-670-82978-1. Shale, Richard. Donald Duck Joins Up: The Walt Disney StudJO During World War 11 Ann Arbor, MI: UMI Research Press, 1982, 185 p., o.p.; ISBN 0-8357-1310-5. Shull, Michael S. Doing Their Bit: Wartime American Animated Short Films, 1939-194S. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 1987, 198 p., $29.95; ISBN 08995-0218-0. Smoodin, Eric Loren. Animating Culture: HoDywood Cartoons from the Sound Era. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Uruversity Press, 1993,216 p., $37.00; ISBN 0-8135-1948-9. Solomon, Charles. Enchanted Drawmgs: The History of AnimatJon. New York: Knopf, 1989,322 p., $75.00; ISBN 0-394-54684-9. Swanigan, Michael & Darrell McNeill. AnimatJon by FilmatJon. Blackbear, 1993,176 p., $16.95. Taylor, John. Storming the Magic Kingdom: WaD Street, the RaJders, and the Battle for Disney. New York: Knopf, 1987, 261 p., $19.95; ISBN 0-39454640-7. Thomas, Bob. Disney's Art of Animation: From Mickey Mouse to Beauty and the Beast. New York: Hyperion, 1991,208 p., $39.95; ISBN 1-56282-997-1. 45

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SFRA Rene .... 210, March/Apri11994 Thomas, Bob. Walt Disney: An American OriginaL New York: Simon & Schuster, 1976,379 p., O.p.; ISBN 0-671-22332-1. Thomas Frank & Ollie Johnston. Disney Animation: The IUusion of life. New York: Abbeville Press, 1981,575 p., $49.95; ISBN 0-89659-232-4. Thomas, Frank & Ollie Johnston. Too Funny For Words: Disney's Greatest Sight Ga&S. New York: Abbeville Press, 1987, 223 p., O.p.; ISBN 0-89659747-4. Treasures of Disney Animation Art. New York: Abbeville Press, 1982, 319 p., O.p.; ISBN 0-89659-315-0. Van Hise, James. Cartoon File Magazine Spotlight on the Jonny Quest Files. San Bernardino, CA: The Borgo Press, 1987, 51 p., cloth, O.p.; ISBN 08095-8085-3. Van Hise, James. Files Magazine Spotli/lht on Robotech. San Bernardino, CA: The Borgo Press, 1987,51 p., clotb, o.p.; ISBN 0-8095-8084-5. VJdeo Hound's Golden Movie Retriever. 1991-. Annual, $17.95. Detroit: Visible Ink. The VJdeo Source Book 1979-. Annual, $260.00. Syosset, NY: National Video Clearinghouse. Woolery, George W. Animated TV Specials: The Complete Dictionary to the First Twenty-Five YeaT.S, 1962-1987. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1989,542 p., $59.50; ISBN 0-8108-2198-2. Woolery, George W. Children's TeleviYion: The First Thirty-Five YeaT.S, 19461981, Volume 1: Animated Cartoon Series. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1983-85,2 V., vol. I, $32.50; ISBN 0-8108-1557-5. Yoe, Craig & Janet Morra-Yoe, ed. The Art of Mickey Mouse. New York: Hyperion, 1991, $35.00; ISBN 1-56282-994-7. 46

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SFRA Rene 210, March/Apm 1994 FEATURE REVIEW Zaki, Hoda M. Phoenix Renewed: The Survival and Mutation of Utopian Thou;mt in North American Science Fiction, 1965-1982, Rerued EdltiOn. San Bernardino, CA: The Borgo Press, 1993, cloth, $ .00; ISBN 1-55742126-9; paper, $ .00; ISBN 1-55742-127-7. 1.0. EVANS STUDIES IN mE PHILOSOPHY AND CRITICISM OF LITERATURE No. 18. Utopian literature, according to Gary Saul Morson, is a "boundary genre": that is, it lies in a gray area "in which it is uncertain which of two sets of conventions govern a work."1 Actually, the situation is even more complicated than this passage implies. The readers of a utopia must decide not only whether to judge it by the conventions of fiction or those of political discourse, but they must decide which literary convention it belongs to, and what sort of politics it embodies. Is it Marxist or capitalist? Is it criticizing society or trying to change it? Are we to judge its literary quality or only its ideas? Is it to be considered as a Platonic dialogue, as realistic fiction, or as some form of fantasy? Zaki, who teaches political science at Hampton University, is therefore taking on a difficult subject when she attempts, not only to define utopia, but to assess its relationship to science fiction. She begins by what she considers the nature of utopian literature and its four "attributes": m order to be a utopia a work must contain I) a critique of the author's society, 2) the speculation of an ideal social order, 3) an anticipation of the future, and 4) an attempt to construct a better society. Although this summary is useful, I should point out that too much insistence on the fourth attribute would eliminate a great deal of utopian fiction, including the work of More himself. However, it is relevant to nonfictional political writings, including Marx and Engels as well as Mannheim and Fournier, and also applies to novelists like Bellamy, whom Zaki does not discuss. She notes the prevalence of dystopian fiction m the twentieth century, and the contention of thinkers like Mannheim and Mumford that utopian thought is dead. She then asks whether the utopian impulse may instead have been relocated to a different literary medium ... that of science fiction. Since Zaki is writing primarily for political scientists who are mostly unfamiliar with science fiction, she finds it necessary to begin her discussion with a basic history of the genre, from Frankenstein through Gernsback and Campbell, the New Wave, and the entrance of women into the field, and the definition of basic terms like "extrapolation." Most of us will want to skip this part, which adds nothing to over-familiar material, but will be interested in her contention that science fiction does indeed parallel the first three "attributes" of utopian thought. She points out the difference, however, between the alternative societies depicted in science fiction and the endorsed societies of utopian fiction. She notes the general agreement of five well known critics-Darko Suvin, Raymond Williams, Tom Moylan, Lewis 47

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SFRA Rene .... 210. March/Apri11994 Mumford, and Lyman Tower Sargent-on the continuation of utopian thought in science fiction. In order to examine this parallel, Zaki discusses sixteen of the nineteen novels awarded the Nebula Award between 1965 and 1982, eliminating Gene Wolfe's The Oaw of the Concih'ator because it is on the overlapping borderline between science fiction and fantasy, and reserving Ursula K. Le Guin's two novels for their own chapter. Again, assuming an audience unfamiliar with these novels, she summarizes ten of them. Readers will have little difficulty in agreeing that these books, which include Dune, Babel-I7, Timescape, and The Forever War, do contain plenty of "pungent criticism" concentrating on themes like the environment, racism, sexism, and the misuse of science, that they show alternative societies are treated too superficially and are all grounded in the present world (as an illustration she points out the prejudice and stereotyping embodied in Herbert's appropriation of Arab culture for his Fremen). At most, they supply "fragments" of the utopian tradition. Zaki devotes a separate chapter to Le Guin's Nebula winners, The Left Hand of Darkness and The Dispossessed, which she feels do endorse superior alternative societies as well as fulfilling the other utopian attributes. Despite Le Guin's own denial, Zaki claims that Karhide's androgyny makes it utopian and emphasizes the optimistic aspect of Le Guin's writing. She contrasts Karhide with the opposing country Orgoreyn, which she sees as male and therefore military and authoritarian. This is an odd interpretation of Gethenian politics, since the Orgota are just as androgynous as the Karhiders. Where they differ is in their governmental structures-Karhide is a feudal kingdom, Orgoreyn a modern bureaucratic state such like the Soviet Union. In contrast, she finds The Dispossessed, which Le Guin herself called an ambiguous utopia, unsatisfactory, because it does not resolve the conflict between the personal and the public spheres, and because, according to Zaki, Le Guin's utopias are essentially apolitical. Thus, none of the Nebula winners, which are "quintessential science fiction," provide the new vision of politics which would keep the utopian tradition alive, although political scientists are nevertheless urged to look at science fiction seriously for its critical and anticipatory functions. Zaki's depiction of Le Guin's political ideas as "peculiar" and her novels as apolitical I found difficult to accept. It strikes me that in both novels, politics is a central issue, although in each the narrator is himself a political innocent until the end. It is Genly Ai's ignorance of local politics that gets him into trouble in both Karhide and Orgoreyn, and in The Dispossessed Shevek's belief that scientific truth is above politics is disproved in not only governmental politics, but in the politics of academia and sex as well. Zaki even denies that the Odonians are truly "new" men and women because they chose to emigrate and found their own utopia rather than conduct a revolution at home. Perhaps the word "politics" has a different meaning to political scientists, or perhaps she confounds the politics of the society with those of the central character. Although the thesis of this brief study is a provocative one, I believe it involves a misapprehension of the nature of imaginative literature and the difference between utopian literature and utopian thOUght. Unlike a political tract, a literary utopia does not have to contain a blueprint for an actual improved society, and readers may interpret its intentions in more than one way, as is the situation with More's book itself. Even the prechiest of utopian novels demonstrates at least some concern with literary elements which make its boundaries different from political or critical works, whether they are by 48

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SFRA RevJew'210, March/April 1994 Karl Mannheim or Lewis Mumford. If a utopian work is also science fiction. it will be bound by the conventions of that genre in the same way that More's Utopia is bound by the conventions of the Platonic dialogue. The author. who must include characters. plot. and setting as well as criticism of society and anticipation of the future. may not have space to include a copy of the constitution. the entire school curriculum. or a detailed explanation of their method of distributing goods. What the author can give the reader is a story exemplifying what life might be like in such an alternative society. It is this ability to imagine the future as either good or bad. but certainly as different. that gives science fiction its utopian dimension. not its polemics. -Lynn F. Williams 49

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SFRA RevleIF.210. Marchi April 1994 AN INTERVIEW WITH A. E. VAN VDGlT The following is an excerpt from an interview conducted by Daryl F. Mallett with A E. van Vogt and his wife, Lydia, on 18 February 1989. He has met with Van and Lydia many times since then, on his own time, to expand the interview and gather information for a forthcoming bibliography and critical study on Van. Van Vogt is one of the few remaining grand masters of the Campbell era. He is thought by many critics to be one of the true shaping forces in the development of science fiction. And he is perhaps even more highly regarded in France, where all of his works are currently in print. Van Vogt has been doing little writing lately. He also makes few, if any, public appearances. He appeared as a special guest at the 12th Annual Eaton Conference, held in April 1990, and has appeared for book regularly at the Paperback Collector's Convention for the last several years, but not much else. This interview offers some of the first public statements about his craft Van Vogt has made in awhile DFM: Van, how did you become a writer? AEV: My first stories were for True Stories Magazine. I had just graduated from high school in Winnipeg. Manitoba, and I was walking down the street and saw a copy of True Stories Magazine and it said "$1,000 prize offer" for a story. So, I read that issue, and got a couple of earlier issues, and I wrote a number of true stories and I won one of their thousand dollar prizes, which was a lot of money then! DFM: That's a lot of money now! So that started your career as a writer, but how did you move into writing science fiction? AEV: I had read issues of Astounding Science Fiction before, and after my success with True Stones, I wrote the editor-that was John Campbell then---and sent him a story idea. He said "get it here right away." So, I finally wrote a story called "The Book of Ptath," to which Campbell replied "I'm overstocked for Astounding .. but it just happens that we're putting out a new magazine called UnknoM1 ... and this would be perfect for that. Otherwise, we'd have to wait a few months before I could send you any money." And money nowis always important, so I agreed. We (the SF writers) made so little in those days. I don't know who paid a lot of money. This was in the early 1930s, and maybe The Saturday Evening Post, which is where Bradbury got some of his early stories printed, paid well, but I think even they didn't pay too much .. .! 51

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SFRA Revlew'210. March/Aprll1994 mean they were charging ten cents an issue for the Post, so they couldn't have been paying too much. DFM: What about SIan? That was your "big break" and I'd like to know a bit about it. Was it a short story first? AEV: Oh, no. It was a novel from the start. DFM: But it was serialized in ktounding, wasn't it? AEV: Yes, it appeared in ktoundingfirst, but I wrote it as a novel rather than a collection of short stories. I sold all rights to it, and then somewhere after Street & Smith went out of business, I got a letter which said "you can have your rights reverted to you. We're going out of business. If you write before (a certain date) we'll return your material, or else we'll be turning everything over to somebody else." I think they just burned most of the materials. Anyway, I asked them to revert everything, and got it. I met a couple of other writers later on who had moved, and Street & Smith didn't have the addresses. So they wrote immediately to see if they could get their stuff reverted. I told them I thought that in this case they were safe unless they sold it to somebody. They had a tougher time getting their material back than I did. I got all rnme back. I then revised SIan and published it in book form. DFM: So do you write with a method or are you an inspirational writer and just get your ideas? AEV: I have a method. I run an BOO-word scene. Not too much difference between scenes, within 50 words more or less of each other. That's my system. Each scene has five steps in it, and it seems to be sufficient. I learned my method from a book I read many years ago, which has been out of print for fifty years. It was by someone named John Gallishaw. He analyzed a number of stories and, apparently, these other writers were just writing stuff without knowing how they did it or that they had these methods. So, since I'm a method writer, I found out everything. That's what I needed. DFM: I know all writers despise this question, but I'll ask it anyway. How about ideas? Did they just come, from everyday occurences or did you actually go out and look for something to write about? AEV: I hate to tell you this, but I have a system for that, too. I had discovered that when I would start to think about a story before I went to sleep, I would wake up later and still be thinking about it. So, when I found out about this, I made a system. I would go to sleep thinking about a story, wake myself up with an alarmc10ck every few hours, and go back to sleep, and in the morning, there was the solution! I got the basic idea from wherever I could, though. LV: During the night he thinks about his stories and analyzes them. Then he puts the parts together and writes first by hand, then with the typewriter. It isn't a fast system, but he is a perfectionist, and he keeps 52

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SFRA RerJew'210, March/Aprll1994 changing the story while he's typing, so he develops the story in a system only he can do. MY: One writer I knew had a different system. He would write two thousand words a day. During the evening he would be at a party and say "What do you think of this?" to someone. Then he would go home at one o'clock and start typing. and he would type until about eleven o'clock in the morning. He would type like mad, pulling the sheets of paper out of the typewriter and leave them scattered on the floor for someone else to pick up and sort out. Then he would sleep. This is not for me. He had his method, and I have mine. Every writer is different. DFM: Yes, but every writer I know has said "Write Everyday!" And if it doesn't come together with the story you're writing, put it away. Twenty years from now, you may pick it up again. LV: Van has so many leftover short stories that he can just pick one up and start. MY: Well, they're not stories yet. They're just bits and pieces of stories, a bunch of stuff I collected from "out there." For example, two of them became novels after awhile, which I've just published in Europe: To Conquer f(jber and The People of the MUte Sands are out in Germany and France. LV: And Italy. MY: And Italy. Forry (Ackerman) is now trying to sell them here in New York, so you may see them soon. DFM: Van, how do the differing reading trends in Europe and the United States strike you? I mean, how do you feel about the way Europeans are really interested in your work and that of, say, Philip K. Dick, but in the United States, you're both well-kept secrets among young readers? LV: They're big names here, too, if you're talking to the right crowd. But most people don't bother reading them because their books don't have the flashy covers and packaging that the newer writers get. Van is known here .. .look at how many books he's published. MY: I think it's because the Europeans are interested in general semantics, which I like to write about. But as I said to a young man not too long ago: "I'll trade you all ofthese books if I could be your age again." LV: It is strange. A lot of Europeans won't go for a lot of current young writers who write ... junk. Van is popular because he is scientific and philosophical. and they believe in science and philosophy. In Italy and France, it is common for the general public to be deeply immersed in science and philosophy. And they feel that Van's books give them the science they want. Of course, science fiction is very difficult to understand when translating. There are a lot of words which do not translate from 53

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SFRA RevleIF'210, March/Apm 1994 English. When Van's books were bought in France, Pouillet translated them, and he put more fantasy into them. AEV: And they're better written in French than they are in English because of the additions. It seems to flow better in French. Maybe I should learn to write in French and translate to English? DFM: So how does general semantics fit in to your books? Do you feel that the first line of a book is a "grab line," mearung it should draw the reader in? For in Sian, why is Jommy Cross' first line important to the rest of the text. AEV: It is very important. First of all, some very negative thing; are happening in Sian, and that's what I wanted to mtroduce pretty early because it's only really positive on the last line. I'm working on the sequel to Sian now and ... DFM: You are? A sequel to Sian, fifty years after the original? AEV: Yes, Lydia's son, Vance Piper (who works in special effects for Industrial Light & Magic and George Lucas) wrote the outline for it. Anyway, at the end of Sian, everyone is in a wonderful, ecstatic state, so in Sian II. I start with "Total happiness," and thing; immediately start to go wrong from there. So it is misleading in this case. DFM: Well, it's something to look forward to, because Sian left me hanging. I wanted to know what happened next. AEV: Me too! flo * Interviews like this are intriguing because they suggest insights into the creative process that beg to be followed up. Van Vogt, like many writers, has "methods" and "systems" that they practice but are not in the habit or analyzing or articulating. Readers of van Vogt are invariably struck by the strange fictional logic they encounter. One of the author's favorite ideas is that of "non-Aristotelian logic." But might not some of the strangeness of his text come from this "BOO-word scene" rule he touches upon here? A writer like van Vogt in not young, and cannot trade all his works in for a new start. Van Vogt and Mallett are working on Biack Destroyer, the novel, and a sequel to Sian is, as we've seen, in the works. -Daryl F. Mallett & George E. Slusser 54

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SFRA Revlew.210, March/April 1994 FICTIDN REVIEWS Acres. Mark. Dragonspawn. New York: AvoNova. Avon Books. February 1994.218 p . paper. $4.99; ISBN 0-380-77295-7. Acres moves from short fiction to novels with ease as he proves with this fantasy novel. Dragonspawn starts out with a great high-fantasy segment featuring dragon and elf. But it hits some early rough spots with a character named Bag:;by (Baggins?). a dragon named Scratch (Smaug?). and some not so-believable bad guys. Eventually. though. the story picks up the pace and moves on to an exciting end. A delightful tale. but with an ending not only suggestive. but quite blatant. about a future sequel. An entertaining read. -Daryl F. Mallett Card. Orson Scott. Future on Fire. New York: Tor Books. A Tom Doherty Associates Book. February 1991. 376 p .. paper. $4.95; ISBN 0-812-51183-2. Readers coming to Card's more recent riotions-the ENDER novels through Xenocide. the ALVIN MAKER series. and The Memory of Earth-may not be aware of just how much of a reputation for controversy Card garnered at the beginning of his career. A Planet CaUed Treason and short stories such as "Eumenides in a Fourth Floor Lavatory" and "Unaccompanied Sonata" elicited screams of protests from readers and reviewers unable or unwilling to see beyond the obvious violence and cruelty to underlying purposes that gave them validity. (Only now. a decade-and-a-half later, are some of those reviewers beginning to recant their own extremism and admit to the value of Card's early work.) Nor may recent readers be aware of the Card who, in preparation for writing his monthly columns. regularly read virtually every piece of short SF/F published. wrote twentyand thirty-page review articles critiquing each of them. and years later could recall them with frightening clarity and completeness. Or of the editor-Card who assembled many of those stories into Dragons of Darkness and Dragons of Light. In these two titles. Card was responsible for selecting. arranging. and introducing fifteen tough. dffricult, abrasive. ambivalent. violent, aggressive. challenging stories that appeared in the SF magazines from 1982 through 1987. In doing so. he provides what amounts to a roll call of the leading names in that branch of speculative fiction that concentrates on fnghtening visions of possible (if not probable) futures: Michael Swanwick. William Gibson. Michael Bishop. Lucius Shepherd. Kim Stanley Robinson. Gregg 55

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/Apm 1994 Keizer, Ursula K. Le Guin, Connie Willis, Bruce Sterling, and others. Included are Le Guin's award-winning "Buffalo Gals, Won't You Come Out Tonight"; James Patrick Kelly's gritty "Rats"; Pat Murphy's "Rachel In Love"; and-in an unusual but valiant editorial decision-Susan Palwick's "The Neighbor's Wife," a 1985 poem that encompasses as much in one page as many stories do in dozens. Card opens the collection with "Science Fiction in the 1980s," and prefaces each story with extensive introductory material about the authors, their stories, and the places those stories have inherited in contemporary speculative fiction. Future on Fire is not for everyone, but given its intention, it is an exemplary anthology of the most challengmg and most direct critiques of the possible futures we have made for ourselves. -Michael R Card, Orson Scott. Xenoclde. New York: Tor Books, A Tom Doherty Associates Book, August 1991,394 p., cloth, $21.95; ISBN 0-312-85056-5. This third book in the ENDER CYCLE (sequel to Ender's Game and Speaker for the Dead) fulfills Card's implicit promise of another serious and important novel. But Xenoclde is inconclusive in terms of Ender's own destiny and suggests still more tale to be told. Card, in a Locus interview (January 1992) promises that a further sequel will tie up the Ender story. Interestingly, Card's virtuosity doesn't really catch fire in the continued saga of Ender and his family; the story of Qing-Jao, an extension of Card's Analog novella "Gloriously Bright," is in may ways more compelling. Card science nction as a literary locus for telling stories that explore serious ISSUes about human relationships and destiny. One of the themes Card explores here is human ability to distinguish God's voice from one's own obsessions. This is the really exciting plotline, the story of a young genius with an obsessive-compulsive disorder who mistakes the compulsion of the disorder with commands from the gods. When evidence of her mistake is presented to her, she maintains, with stunningly Jesuitical zeal, that the evidence is nothing more than a temptation to stray from the path of honor and homage to the gods. Card's renunciation of logic as a right motive for faith is compelling. But other characters explore issues of faith and human reasoning. He posits a future science in which "philotes" (something like form the ultimate physical reality of the universe. The philotes quickly become something more metaphysical, however, and Ender's family speculate on the physical evidence they may give not just of soul, but of human love, especially marital pair-bonding. So here, logic does have relevance to faith. The issue is explored in fascinatmg complexity. Card, perhaps influenced by his own missionary experience in Brazil, uses Catholicism rather than Mormonism as a model for problems of missionary conversion for aliens, but the reader will recognize parallels. Converting buggers, for example, involves deciding whether individuals in a hive mind are separate souls. Converting piggies up the question of what death and resurrection really are, because piggy life cycles differ so from human ones. Jane, the interstellar artificial intelligence, presents interesting problems: does she have a soul, despite having been created, perhaps even 56

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SFRA Revlewf210, March/AprU 1994 self-created? Perhaps in his next and presumably final Ender book, Card will tackle the question of converting virus intelligence. Card's exploration of non-human intelligence, and his classifications of "Otherness" rival Asimov's Laws of Robotics. If humans were to encounter extraterrestrial intelligence, Card's system would certainly be useful. As always, Card depicts individuals with conflicting duties-Qing-jao is torn between love for her father and duty to her gods, Ender is torn between loyalty to humanity and duty to the piggies, Jane is torn between the good of humanity and saving the inhabitants of Lusitania, the piggy Planter is torn between preserving his own life versus pursuit of the truth. To make these conflicts more dramatic, Card does not give his characters sufficient data on which to make decisions. Yet the decision have to be made. One feels that one is witnessing a series of Abraham and Isaac dilemmas. The second most compelling storyline in the book is the story of Planter, who suspects that the virus which keeps his people alive may in fact be a parasite which has destroyed their true intelligence and which operates piggy individuals as puppets of the virus intelligence. Many of these issues are explored with skill ranging from mordant speculation through deft sophistry through somewhat tedious rubber philosophy. Card's gifts for unexpected irony and reversal and for aberrations of motive are always interesting, and often riveting. The rich layers of invention, especially in his depictions of differing manifestations of sapience, are brilliant. A book ofthis scope has to have flaws, there are too many characters, and they become confusing. Whether this is because of Card's love of large families (after all, Ender marries a practicing Catholic) or the need to use characters leftover from the two previous novels is a moot point. Sometimes Card is obligated to provide side stories and flashbacks just to develop a character so that he can use the character effectively later. The exposition necessary to link the book to the two previous novels is done with economy and skill. Card himself confesses that a 1978 outline for this book was rejected by his editor because Card had not at that time matured sufficiently as a writer. Here, he shows that he has matured. Xenocide is a significant and ambitious work, worthy of inclusion in the literary canon. -Mary Turzillo Brizzi Cassutt, Michael. Dragon Season. New York: Tor Books, A Tom Doherty Associates Book, December 1991, 247 p., paper, $4.99; ISBN 0-81250392-9. Dragon Season is another in the growing list of "Door Between Worlds" novels, and the trend is increasing. Lt. Rick Walsh, USAF, returns from an eight-month tour in Guam to find his girlfriend, Maia, missing from the airport. Rick always wondered about Maia, and now she left behind a one-month old child, who turns out to be Rick's son. Rick is determined to find her, and this leads him to stumble into an alternate universe, Maia's homeworld. He names it Dreamland, and begins to explore. Predictably he gets into trouble and the local police arrest him. He soon learns Maia is a princess of the Winged Lion house, the rulers of Chios. Rick and Maia begin to search for their son, who has been kidnapped by conspirators who want to overthrow the throne. 57

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SFRA Revle .... 210, March/Apm 1994 Cassutt creates a world where the ruler is God and "prayers" (spells) yield instant results. Also, there are no machines in Dreamland. All the houses, vehicles and aircraft are alive. This is not a new idea (see Harry Harrison's East of Eden). It doesn't work well here. Cassutt is determined to present dragons as Dreamland's equivalent of the B-29. Lt Walsh's descriptions are vague and confused, even more than the situation calls for. The reader never quite understands how Dreamland works. Also, the first half of the book describes Walsh's career in the Air Force. It is accurate (at least it was compared to when I was in) but unnecessary for the book's plot. The subplot of the kidnapped son is contrived and convoluted; Cassutt should have spent his time designing a credible world for Walsh to explore. A second subplot which has corrupt officials sending stolen nuclear weapons to Dreamland destroys the story completely. Cassutt never understands Door Between Worlds novels are really about the Innocent Abroad, not about how weird the author can make an alternate universe. Turning dragons into airplanes is not enough reason to write a story. Any readers should skip this book and read the Harrison novel instead. -Ben Herrin Chalker, Jack L. The Run to Chaos Keep. New York: Ace Science Fiction, May 1991, 359 p., cloth, $18.95; ISBN 0-441-69347-4. THE QUINTARA MARATHON #2. Chalker has created a complex universe in this series. In the first volume, The Demons at Rainbow Bridge. three contending galactic empires have stumbled on an artifact that appears to be related to ancient myths about the Demons. a race that became the symbol for evil incarnate. The Demons were described as horned-and-tailed bipeds by numerous sentient races. including some that had never developed space travel on their own and even some races that had never encountered any other two-legged creatures. Three parties. each from one of the empires, have entered what appears to be an interdimensional gateway after discovering a research group has been slaughtered. apparently by the demons. Each fears that one of the other two groups will be able to come to some sort of accord with the demons and disturb the long-lasting but precarious balance of power that has kept the galaxy relatively peaceful. In this volume, the three groups traverse the strange worlds or dimensions accessible through the gateways. Aside from ruins, a robot tended garden. and severar imprisoned demons. the worlds are empty. However. this doesn't necessarily mean the worlds are safe, for each group has lost several members in fire fights with the other teams. However, this is about to change as the three teams approach the great city where the Demon Princes dwell and excitedly observe the progress of the three teams. The three decimated teams may have to cooperate if they are to defeat the demons and their threat to the established order. The work does not stand alone, in spite of Chalker's efforts to provide a bridge at the beginning for those who may not have read the first volume. However, it is a good second volume in a trilogy. which is unusual since many "middle volumes" seem to exist merely as a conduit to bring the reader from the first to the conclusion of the story. It does answer a few of the questions 58

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SFRA Revle .. '210, Much/April 1994 asked in the first volume, but it actually poses more questions than it answers. As is typical for a Chalker work, one becomes increasingly suspicious as one reads that the universe isn't quite as simple and aboveboard as one initially assumes. Major puzzles that need to be answered in the third volume involve the exact relationship between the three ruling races of the galaxy (the Mycohl, the Guardians, and the Mizlaplan) and the Demons, who appear to have been defeated some millennia ago in a titanic struggle. Another question involves the role of the humans. They are the only race that is split up among the three empires and also the fastest growing race in the three empires. Moreover, one of the humans is quite familiar with Dante's Divine Comedy. which seems remarkably accurate in its description of the territory they're traversing, including the inscription carved over the entrance to the Demons' world: "Abandon Hope, all ye .. ." Overall, it's a good action-oriented tale that ranks up there with Chalker's better works, including his WELL WORLD series and THE DIAMOND tetrology. -Fred Runk Chappell, Fred. More Shapes Than One. New York: St. Martin's Press, September 1991, 197 p., cloth, $17.95; ISBN 0-312-06418-7. Chappell's collection, which was a nominee for the World Fantasy Award, features one of the most interesting copyright pages I've ever seen: collected here are stories which previously appeared in WeIi-d Tales, Deathreaim, and The Yer's Best Fantasy and Horror, other pieces, however, saw first publication in The Georgia Review, The Amenean Review, and The Sewanee Review, one story even saw previous publication in The Rorist's RevieW. Oearly Chappoll is not your typical writer! Chappell, a professor at the University of North Carolina, Greensboro, is a literary chameleon of sorts. A nationally recognized poet with a dozen books of verse to his credit, he is the winner of the Bollington Prize in Poetry from Yale University. His fiction has him a Rockefeller Grant, the Award in Literature from The National Institute of Arts and Letters, and the Best Foreign Novel Prize of The French Academy. Curiously, Chappell received that last award for his novel Dagon (I968) which is, of all things, a superior pastiche of H. P. Lovecraft! More Shapes Than One includes thirteen stories, most of them some form of fantasy. "Linnaeus Forgets" describes a day in the life Op the great Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus and his receipt of a strange plant and the even stranger fauna that inhabit its leaves. "Weird Tales" explores the relationship between H. P. Lovecraft and Hart Crane, and suggests that Crane's early death have had some direct connection to the Cthulhu Mythos. "The Doors" follows a Depression-era pulp SF writer ... who discovers that he has some very odd fans indeed; they've read all of his stories, even a few he hasn't yet written. "The Adder" involves a North Carolina bookseller who comes into possession of a manuscript of The Necronomicon and the surprising things that occur when it is placed underneath a copy of the complete works of John Milton. "Miss Prue" and "Ember" are both old-fashioned ghost stories, the former very gentle, the latter chilling. "Ember" reminded me of Manly Wade Wellman at his best. "Mankind Journeys Through Forests of Symbols," my 59

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SFRA RevleIF'210, March/Aprl11994 favorite story in the book, describes what happens when a very large dream, measuring "about two stories tall and five hundred yards wide," is discovered lying across Highway 51 in Osgood County, NC. Unable to uncover the dream's source, but possessing evidence that it may be connected to French symbolist poetry, the county sheriff assigns one of his deputies the difficult and dangerous task of writing his own poem in an attempt to counteract the dream. All of the stories in More Shapes Than One are excellent, whether they take the form of traditional southern gothic, highly-literate Lovecraft pastiche, oddball science fiction, skewed historical fiction, deceptively simple backwoods fantasy, or sophisticated surrealism. Chappell is a master and deserves to be better known by genre readers. -Marcia Marx Clarke, Arthur C. & Gentry Lee. The Garden of Rama. New York: Bantam Books, 1991,441 p., cloth, $20.00; ISBN 0-553-07261-7. The Garden of Rama is published as the sequel to Rama 11 While the first book in the series, Rendezvous with Rama, a solo effort by Oarke, was complete in itself, the subsequent titles, Rama II, Garden of Rama, and Rama Revealed are really three parts of one large work, much as the The Lord of the Rings trilogy is really only one long novel. Perhaps these three can be seen as a sequel to Rendezvous with Rama. The third (or fourth RAMA book, depending upon whether one wishes to count Rendezvous with Rama as the first), based on its title, should provide a resolution, both to the crisis facing the characters at the end of this segment and to the work as a whole. While Rama /I takes place decades after Rendezvous with Rama, The Garden of Rama picks up immediately after Rama 11 The three members of the expedition-Richard, Nicole, and Michael-who worked to prevent Earth from destroy!ng the alien spacecraft, have now settled down to life on Rama. They establISh some communication with Rama's guiding intelligence and get at least what they need for survival. However, they don't really know where they are going nor how long the trip will last. Having two males and one female in the group provides both emotional difficulties to overcome and some genetic variability in the offspring, of which there are five by the time Rama reaches it's destination. Approximately one-third of the way through the book, the ship reaches its destination. The humans are now told that the aliens are conducting a study of all space-traveling races in this galaxy. The humans are to help redesign the Rama so that it may carry several thousand humans to an unknown destination where they will, m effect, set up a colony which will be observed by the aliens. If the humans do not cooperate, the aliens will acquire human subjects in some other undisclosed fashion. Also on the same ship is a second habitat, set up for another race under study by the Rama aliens. The Garden of Rama similar to Rama. /I in that it focuses strongly on human problems which remam constant, despite the alien environment. The Garden or Rama ev,?kes, f?r Westerners anyway, images of the Garden of Eden, which theoretically It could be. However, within a short time the human. colonis!S manage mess up the shiP:s. environment, start a campaIgn agaInst the ahens, and work dlhgently to establish all of the 60

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SFRA Rene .... 210, March/Aprlll994 problems we face today, including, but definitely not limited to poverty, drug;, murder, prostitution, organized crime, rape, and incompetent, inept, and unethical politicians. In addition, they also face a retrovirus that destroys the heart muscle within a short time (an AIDS equivalent?) and is transmitted by blood and serum "only." One can also suspect Oarke and Lee of some implied criticism of social planners who blithely proceed forward in creating the perfect society without taking into consideration the people who will live in their Edens. The three humans aboard Rama make the same mistake: they assume everyone is like them, that all humans share similar tastes, interests, and cultural mores or values. What actually happens demonstrates the fallacy of that sort of thinking. The last part of the book briefly recapitulates human behavior as it has been for at least the past 10,000 years or so. Humans have not yet learned that they must treat their environment with respect, nor that destroying it will eventually destroy them. Consequently, The Garden of Rama gives new meaning to the concept promulgated durmg the 1960s, that of "Spaceship Earth." To be brief, Clarke and Lee have taken today's problems and transferred them to the 23rd century. Overall, it's a good read, even if I am frustrated by the clifihanger ending, which is a first for Oarke, and something I didn't expect. -FredRunk Cohen, Daniel. Railway Ghosts and Hif;dJway Horrors. New York: Cobblehill Books, 1991, 109 p., cloth, $13.95; ISBN 0-525-65071-7. Railway Ghosts and Highway Horrors is a collection of mostly twentieth century ghost and monster tales from Great Britain and the United States. "Are the stories in this book true? Did they actually happen?" asks the author in his introduction. "I didn't make them up, though somebody might have." Although the subject of this book is supernatural, the treatment could not be more matter-of-fact. All the trapping; of reportage are there: Names, places, date and time of sighting. The prose is journalistic and flat. The tales vary in length from one paragraph to six or seven pages, but none of them is paced or structured or written in any artful way. They're all just there, ghost after ghost after ghost, springing out m front of headlights or asking for a TIft or switching the points on lonely tracks. The cumulative effect is a little unsettling and rather sad. -Delia Sherman Cole, Damaris. Token of Draqonsblood. Lake Geneva, WI: TSR Books, August 1991,314 p., paper, $3.95; ISBN 1-56076-076-1. The cover art of this fantasy, announced as Cole's first publication, promises much excitement. Two most enticing young women, a bare-legged blond riding a red dragon-like creature and a luxuriant brown-haired damsel on a similarly shaped black-and-gold beast are engaged, we can see, in some power struggle. White fire "leapt from the red dragon's gullet, farther than 61

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SFRA Revle,,'210, March/Aprll1994 any flame could fly ... The other dragon bellowed and fell. It was a glittering liquid blackness plummeting across the valley ... My only complaint is that this event doesn't occur until later in the book. This is not a "dragon" fantasy. There is one more complaint, this one from supporting characters in the novel. At least four times, it's said or pointed out that Norissa, physically resembling her mother who gave up her own life to save her child, "has her father's temperament. Impulsive to a fault." What a lovely excuse to have Norissa act outrageously and illogically. Nonetheless, there are several new twists in among the familiar fantasy devices, more than enough to keep a reader's attention throughout. Brown-haired Norissa's journey begins with a medallion brought to her soon after the deaths of her parents and her own need to answer a summoning she feels in her mind. Astute readers of the first chapter now suspect that the girl is in truth the infant a queen had concealed from her evil sister and wicked consort, the child who would grow up to join some type of magical, powerful Companion. On her travels, she quickly accesses two aides, Medwyn, the sorcerer, one-time advisor to her parents, and Bydawine, the noble dwarf whose unrequited love for Norissa he must learn to contain. Eventually she learns her true heritage, and others rally to her. The hatred and conflict in the enemy camp and her full understanding of the role of the Companion further her cause: to bring life back to the desolate earth and its people. The prophecy will be fulfilled, not, however, without cost, a cost that ensures a sequel to this quite good journey to self-awarenes will follow. -Muriel R Becker Constantine, Storm. Aleph. London: Orbit, June 1991, 314 p., trade paperback, .99; ISBN 0-7088-6355-9. MONSTROUS REGIMENT #2. This is the sequel to The Monstrous Regiment, but can be easily read in isolation, the pertinent facts from the first volume being skillfully blended with narrative. The world is Artemis, colonized 300 years previously by women who were tired of being treated as inferior. As a result, the men became the subjugated sex. The rebellion at the end of The Monstrous Regiment ended the total domination of the women's hereditary leader, the Dominatrix, and the planet's isolationism. Part of AJeph continues the story of Gotpurta Trotgarden, her family and friends, and the others that followed them away from the influence of Silver Cresent, the city that was the power center of Artemis. They have set up a democratic community which they call Freespace. Many of them still have problems that are a legacy of their lives under the Dominatrix. The way they seek solutions is governed by Corinna's discovery of a cave, the ambiance of which seems to provide her with visions of the history of an intelligent species that may have once occupied the planet. This is one part of the story. The other concerns Zy Larrigan. He comes to Artemis to check out the planet as a potential tourist resort for the rich of the rest of the inhabited galaxy. This is his last chance as he has messed up his previous jobs. He is at a disadvantage because he is male. But whatever Corinna has awoken in the cave causes his survey craft to crash near Freespace. further complicating the events that are unfolding in this region. 62

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SFRA Renew'210, March/Apri11994 The story is slickly told and the world of Artemis intrinsically imagined. Slowly. the true nature of the Greylids. mythical natives of the planet. is revealed. The book contains some of the mysticism that characterized parts of Constantine's WRAETHTI-IU trilogy and although Aleph does not have quite the same power the trilogy had. it is still worth reading as a good example of creative science fiction. -Pauline Morgan Constantine. Storm. Hermetech. London: Headline. January 1991. 372 p .. cloth. .95; ISBN 0-7472-0282-6. This is probably the most complex and most ambitious book that Constantine has attempted. The result is a breathtaking picture of a future world. It would take at least two readings to fully understand the import of all that has been crammed into these pages. The writing is brilliant without the padding that another would add to make sure that the reader understood everything. Instead. imagination is required to tease out that which is there but left unsaid. Often the imagery is disturbing. this is not a world that most of us would feel comfortable in. Faroher has \fown up isolated from most of society. The house she and her mother live m was at a distance from the nearest town. but that is now deserted as most people have migrated to the domed cities. Thus. Arl has no friends her own age. Gose to the house is Taler's Bump. a modern version of a standing stone circle. From it. a worshipper can communicate with the Goddess satellite which acts a little like a counselor. Groups of wandering natros. a lot like remnants of the hippy movement. who prefer a life struggling for survival in the open rather than being cooped up in the cities. sometimes come to Taler's Bump for festivals. One such group is Star Eye. and is lead by Leila Saatchi. Leila was once a collegue and lover of Ari's father. Ewan Farobar. Before he died. he made Leila promise to look out for his daughter when she reached pUberty. for Ari is not just an ordinary child. she has been genetically If his experiment has worked. Ari should come into her powers durmg her first sexual experience. So that this opportunity is not squandered. Ari has been programmed with a fear of her own sexuality. It important that she is taken back to the domed city, Arcady, where she can be introduced to the experience slowly and with the right partner. her to leave Taler's Bump is no problem, the problems are rather with the Journey itself and the relationships within the Star Eye group. The others that Ari meets on her journey build up a graphic picture of the fragmented world. One of the themes that Constantine frequently explores is that of sexuality. This she does at one level with Ari. At another level she deals with the interactions within the Star Eye group. This is in many ways an anchor for the reader as the situations and jealosies are familiar and very well handled, as is all her characterization. Further plot strands are set with Arcady. Like all cities. there is a seedier side and there are the big corporations. Sex and greed are the motivations for both. No fragment of the plot is urmecessary and it is all tightly controlled. This book deserves to be noticed. -Pauline Morgan 63

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SFRA RevJewf210, March/Apri11994 Cooper, Louise. The Pretender. New York: Bantam Spectra, May 1991, 377 p., paper, $4.50; ISN 0-558-28977-2. THE CHAOS GATE TRILOGY #2. Apart from being eminently readable in its own right, The Pretender also happens to be Book 2 of THE CHAOS GATE TRILOGY, a trilogy of which I had not read Book 1. So, the demon-inspired machinations ofYgorla and her demonfather, Narid-na-Gost, came as a shock as readerly expectations were compellingly reversed. The expected celebrations have turned to mind bending horror, with courtiers loyal to the High Margravine either dead or forced to swear allegiance to the megalomaniac Ygorla. Even Strann, the opportunistic but likeable bard, has to decide whether to die nobly or to live to fight the evil by ignominiously swearing allegiance to the self-titled Empress, who calls him "Sir Rat." Strann has to dance attendance on her, as he tries to work out her sources of power, and, secretly commissioned by her supposed sponsor Yandros, God of Chaos, he becomes her emissary to the High Circle of Adepts, who have been reeling from her depredations and are convinced that Yandros is in fact her backer. The Equilibrium between the Gods of Chaos and Order is threatened, not least because Ygorla has a soul-stone belonging to one of the Gods of Chaos, and Tirand Lin, the High Initiate, is more drawn to the Gods of Order than Chaos. His sister, Karuth, also an Adept and one who has had a close connection with Strann the Storymaker in the past, is a reluctant renegade, but is the only hope to right the wrong<;. Like Strann, she bears a heavy burden. Karuth and Strann's struggles to eradicate the sources of evil while going against their respective superiors are what give this novel its power. Initially, for one who had not read Book I, sorting out who was on what side of the action took a few moments, but these characters are beautifully drawn. Their honesty, at great personal cost exacted by mortals and immortals alike, and their intricate relationships to those around them prove extremely absorbins. And that old theme, of the battle between Chaos and Order, is handled ill unusually complex ways. Cooper creates a world where the relativity of perception is a major theme. She crafts it well, guiding the reader through the unfamiliarities with her skilled characterizations and fascinating situations, and it left this reader avidly looking for Book 3, eager to find out how Karuth and Strann manage to convince Tirand and the other adepts that the situation is much more complicated than they ever imagined. Highly recommended for an absorbing read. -Tanya Gardiner-Scott Cooper, Louise. Troika. New York: Tor Books, A Tom Doherty Associates Book, July 1991, 312 p., paper, $4.50; ISBN 0-812-50799-1. INDIGO #5. Troika is the fifth of the INDIGO series created by the gifted Cooper, author of THE CHAOS GATE TRILOGY, and a satisfying novel it is. Indigo, one-time wreaker of demonic havoc in her home of Carn Caille, is on a quest to destroy the seven evils she has let loose on the world, causing her lover, Fenran .. to be 64

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SFRA RevJew'210. March/Apm 1994 imprisoned in a limbo she cannot reach. Little by little she is tracking down and eradicating these evils. growing in inner strength with each victory. Indigo is frozen in her youthfulness. a wanderer figure untouched by time and. as such. she is a chameleon. taken up by various groups until such time as she is ready to move on. Her faithful companion is a delightfully portrayed talking wolf named Grimya. In Troika. Indigo finds herself. painfully. in the household of her erstwhile lover. Fenran. in his home country. One of his relatives. Veness. falls for her. and she has to decide on her own feelings for him. She inadvertently becomes a member of the household. and finds herself enmeshed in the family drama of an ancient curse. centered on an old axe and shield used to effect a major betrayal generations earlier. She knows the demon she must destroy is there. in the Bray household. but she has to work out how best to do so. given her involvement with the family. Cooper lovingly portrays the animals-dogs. horses. Grimya. and an utterly magnificent snow tiger-in this novel. evoking snowy landscapes and natural beauty with consummate ease. There is an archetypal feel to the backdrop of this novel. and the nature descriptions and characterizations formed a major part of its appeal to this reader. The quest itself and its resolution are complex and worth reading in themselves. but the characterization of humans and nature and the sheer artistry of the struggle that ultimately involves Indigo's own sense of self make this a novel that this reader could hardly put down. Highly recommended. -Tanya Gardiner-Scott Cooper. Louise. Troika. London: Grafton. July 1991. 268 p . paper. .99; ISBN 0-586-21337-6. INDIGO #5. A willful. spoiled princess released seven demons into the world. Volume one of this fantasy series. Nemesis. detailed this and its immediate aftermath. The following three books. Inferno. Infanta. and Nocturne saw the destruction of the first three of these demons which Indigo has to seek out if she is to regain any peace and to free her betrothed. Fenran. from the limbo her actions have consigned him to. Now. forty years since she and her wolf-companion. Griaya. began their quest. she is drawn to the most northerly continent. Redoubt. at the start of the book. Fate. in the form of an early. viCIOUS blizzard. brings Indigo to the very homestead where Fenran was born. Vaness. the heir to the current Lord Bray. reminds her very strongly of her lost love. Her first thOUght is to escape as soon as she can as Vaness arouses too many memories but winter conspires to hold her in the steading. Then she discovers that the demon she is seeking also lurks beneath that roof. Now that she has arrived. matters deteriorate fast. She learns of a past legend and curse and of deception and hatred. She is helped by a snow tiger and the ghost of a long-dead woman. In many ways. this is an inactive demon. it waits for others to act and uses what is already present to attain its ends. It is also a less effective demon in that it only affects a small circle of people-it hasn't the grandure of the others Indigo has encountered. It takes a backseat in this particular tale. which combines love. jealosy. and hatred in varying degrees and almost becomes an afterthought. 65

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SJl'RA Revle.'210, March/Apm 1994 The main problem with this series of books is that these demons, although released at the same time, seem to wait for one to be destroyed before the next is activated. Surely most demons would endeavor to make mayhem simultaneously ... -Pauline Morgan Dahl, Roald. The Minpins. Illustrated by Patrick Benson. New York: Viking Press, 1991,48 p., cloth, $16.95; ISBN 0-670-84168-4. Author of such ever popular children's fantasies as James and the Giant Peach and Charlie and the Chocolate Factory. Dahl has again given the young reader a highly imaginative, lively, and appealing story. Children will quickly identify with Linle Billy, who is bored with being good and succumbs to the devil's prompting to slip out of his room and venture into the forbidden Forest of Sin. Of course he does not believe his mother's warning about the dangers that lurk in the forest, particularly the Terrible Bloodsucking Toothplucking Stonechuck1ing Spinier, an even more fearsome threat than the Vermicious Knid. (The names recall Lewis Carroll.) The illustrations capture the eerie gloom of the forest, with trees that seem to Billy like dead men in an enormous empty green cathedral. The adventures that befall our young hero are nicely balanced to confirm his mothers' warning (yes, Billy, there is ... ) and to justify his daring disobedience. Actually it is not the Spinier but the Red-Hot, Smoke-Belching Gruncher who pursues the boy until he takes refuge in a tree, but clearly the threat is equally real. It is in his precarious perch in the tree that the bright side of his escapade bgins, for there he encounters the diminutive Minpins, tiny creatures with heads no larger than a pea (their children have heads the size of a matchhead). An entire community occupies a single tree. Little Billy learns that the Minpins are in constant danger from the Gruncher, who gulps them down by toe thousands. Since the only way the Minpins can leave their tree kingdom is by flying on the backs of birdS, he findS himself having to take a fliimt home on a swan large to carry him. But, imagipatlve child that fie is, he also has a brilliant inspiration about how to rid the forest of the Gruncher. It seems that this voracious creature, who has a red-hot fire burning in his belly at all times, can be literally extingllished by falling into water. Fortunately there is a lake in the forest, and Linle -Billy deVISes a fughly ingenious plan for luring the creature out into the deep water. Acclaimed a hero, Linle Billy is flown home safely by the appreciative swan, but Dahl wisely does not end the story there. Not only is the young;ter able to fly back from time to time to visit the Minpins in the tree (always at night, of course), but also the tiny folk agree to come and visit him at night wfien he gro'W'S too big for the swan. The secret remains his, but the autnor suggests that such adventures are available to the imaginative if they believe in magic. The reader is advised to keep an eye on the low-flying robin, who just mlgQt haepen to be carrying young Minpin on his back. Dahls captivating story encourages the young reader to be alert to the natural world where many marvels awa,t tfie believer in magic. Delightful to read aloud, this book will also draw parents back for a rereacfmg even after the children are in bed. -Charlotte Spivack 66

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SFRA RevieIF'210, March/Aprll1994 Danvers, Dennis. Wilderness. New York: Poseidon Press, 1991,255 p., cloth. Danvers' Wilderness is a book of such power and strength that it seems impossible that it stays in its cover on the shelf. It should burst forth in a blaze of glory. It is seldom that a man is able to portray the of women characters as well as Danvers has. There are many women who have tried to convince men that a particular reality in the woman's life is true, but most men do not believe women and Danvers' male characters do not believe the women in Wilderness. The feeling; of frustration experienced by Alice, as she attempts to convince those around her of the truth of her situation, step off the page and into the readers' reality. Wilderness is a great adventure story and, at times, almost a psychological horror story. Danvers hints at a sentimental answer to the beast in all of us, but then he goes beyond this idea; instead it is a powerful story of worlds that meet but do not cross. They are not alternate worlds, they are parallel worlds with the characters living in both. The dust jacket blurb notes that this is Danvers' first book. I that there are more. A minor character says at the end: "It was just incredible." Indeed it was. -Anon. De Haven, Tom. The End-of-Everything Man. New York: Doubleday, 1991, 436 p., cloth, $12.00; ISBN 0-385-26431-3. CHRONICLES OF THE KING'S TRAMp, #2. The End-of-Everything Man faces the. perils and possibilities of being the second volume in a trilogy whose first volume set a high standard of imagination, wit and narrative skill. The reader unfamiliar with Walker of Worlds will find it difficult to follow the continued adventures of Jack, a Walker of Worlds, and the assorted characters whom he bring; from Earth to the alternate universe Lostwithal to save not only those two but in fact all the universes from destruction. On the other hand, I assume that anyone who read the first volume has been waiting for the second. While it continues De Haven's effective blend of high fantasy themes with a self-consciously ironic style, the second volume has a slightly different tone. The narrative moves more slowly, with numerous digressions that include dreams, elaborate descriptions of the alien world of Lostwithal, and lots of references to American popular culture. Occasionally De Haven's affection for 1V trivia gets in the way of the story, but that is a minor comrnplaint. This is a major contribution to the genre of Quest Fantasy, not least because it reminds us that a writer can save the universe and have fun at the same time. The second volume ends, appropriately enough, with everything unresolved: the Epicene is on the loose and therefore Jack and 67

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/April 1994 the universes are in deep trouble. concluding book. I am among those waiting for the -Anon. Deitz, Tom. Soulsmith. New York: Avon Books, November 1991, 449 p., paper, $?; ISBN 0-380-76289-7. Deitz's first novel, Windmaster's Bane (1986), was something of a surprise to long-time readers of fantasy because it attempted with considerable success to establish the author's native Georgia as a legitimate setting for high fantasy. Dietz has returned to that setting a number of time now with varying degrees of success. His latest novel, Soulsmith, involves young Ronny Dillon, a former high society diver whose chance at the Olympic Games has been ruined by a shattered kneecap. Left an orphan after his adoptive parents die, Ronny is sent to live with the Welch family, relatives who, to a very great extent, run rural Welch County, Georgia. Eventually the teenager discovers that not all of the Welch family's power is political or economic. Some of it, in fact, appears to be magical. A number of inexplicable events occur and several very strange characters show up. Ronny's uncle, it seems, is the master of Carcfalba, and has a variety of powers. A m:f.)terious being, known only as The Road Man, appears in a number of mutually exclusive guises. Ronny has devoted a lot of time feeling sorry for himself; he has spent bours in shop class decorating his crutch. NOw, nowever, with danger threatening both him and others, he must overcome his fear and grow into the man he was meant to be. Every Deitz novel that I've read has featured a teenaged male protagonist, which some readers may find limiting. Ronny Dillon is a well aeveloped character and he does mature over the course of the story and learns to make difficult decisions when necessary. This is not a great fantasy novel, but it is a very good one; possibly Deitz's best. It shoula appeal to regular readers of the genre, particularly young adults. It is also the first book in a trilogy. -Sally Posner Deitz, Tom. Stoneskin's Revenge: A Tale of Calvin McIntosh. New York: Avon Books, 1991,307 p., paper, $3.95; ISBN 0-380-76?63-0. This is, I believe, the fifth book in a series of young adult novel series set in contemporary rural Georgia which involve a teenager named Danny Sullivan, his friends, and their various adventures in the world of Faery. The series began rather auspiciously with Windmaster's Bane (1986) and also including Fireshaper's Doom (1987), Darkhunter's Way (1989), and Sunshaker's War (1990). The strength of Deitz's series has been the author's ability to make us believe that Georgia could legitimately intersect with the world of Faery. Stoneskin's Revenge successfully continues this tradition. 68

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SFRA RerieIF'210, March/Apm 1994 The protagonist here is Calvin McIntosh, a teenaged friend of Danny Sullivan, who was first introduced in Darkthunder's Way. In that earlier novel, Calvin, a Cherokee Indian, discovered himself to be a powerful magician, though he isn't entirely sure what he wants to do about it. As Stoneskin's Revenge opens, Calvin is taking an extended hike through the Georgia back country in an attempt to come to terms with his power. Fortunately he runs into a monster which he had inadvertently loosed into our world from the the magical universe at the climax of the previous novel in the series. The situation becomes more complex when Calvin finds himself under suspicion of murdering his father and a number of neighbors. Although there is little particularly new here, Deitz keeps the action going and Calvin, like most of the author's teenaged protagoniststs, is a highly likeable, very believable character. Stoneskin's Revenge differs from the earlier novels in the series in one interesting way, however. One of the joys of Windmaster's Bane was the ingenious way in which Deitz managed to pull off all sorts of spectacular magical events right in the middle of Georgia without anyone else noticing. In this regard, the novel reminded me very much of Alan Garner's classic young adult fantasy from 1960. In this book, however, everybody and his grandmother finds out that miraculous things are going on in Georgia. A policeman even manages to get some of the magic down on videotape. It's hard to imagine where the next volume in the series is headed, but I look forward to it. -Michael M. Levy Denning, Troy. The Verdant Passage. Lake Geneva, WI: TSR, October 1991, 341 p., paper, $4.95; ISBN 1-56076-121-0. THE PRISM PENTAD #1. In our current state of postmodern "hyperreality," literally everything can be seen as possessing a newly heightened quality of super-duper "realism." So if-as Baudrillard, Foucault, and the rest of the postmodern gurus suggestwe are now "hyper" enough to consider such socially encoded spaces as Disneyland, the pornographic arcade, and the live theatre or cinema as "more real than real" (in that these spaces present a totally explicit simulacrum of modernist reality), it is then not completely surprising that this (re)constructed evaluation of what constitutes the "real" should crop up in genre fiction as well. Book One of Denning's new series THE PRISM PENTAD, qualifies as hyperreal in that its setting is the world of TSR's DARK SUN role-playing game, with the book's existence serving, in effect, to add another level of dIScourse to an already "existing" world. And to its credit, this novel has a number of noteworthy things to offer: Much hay is made of the fact that the world of Athas has become a desert due to the sorcerer-king Kalak's blatant and savage over-use of magic, which has literally drained the planer'S lifeforce (a too-close-for-comfort parallel to the Reagan and Bush versions of "realitv"); this while a small but vocal group of ecolOgy-minded nobles have learned to 69

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/April 1994 live in harmony with both their magical powers and the dying planer's shaky ecosystem. Also of note is the weight Denning gives to the voice of the underdog. personified in the characters of deposed noble Agis of Astic1es, the young sorceress Sadira, and the gladiator Rikus. Through these characters' eyes the reader is treated on almost every page to lessons on the virtue of fighting for what one feels is right. an angle obviously introduced to sell the series to a young adult audience that will. no doubt. eat it up like popcorn. However. there are narrative problems which will have a more mature audience quickly gnashing their teeth in frustration. Although the publisher obviously feels there is literary (or at least commercial) merit to transforming its DARK SUN game into a fantasy series. this novel lacks the serious treatment of some other TSR titles (namely 1989's Too. Too Sahd Resh. which dealt with an android troupe in near-future New York theatrical circles). Perhaps this weakness is due to the fact that the "world of the dark sun" already "exists" in a different media-a weakness which also plagues the current incarnations of Batman. Also. both major and minor characters quickly boil down to little more than autonomous chess pieces which throw bolts of magic at will as they move through standard Advanced Dungeons &' Dragons setting;-the tavern. the fighting arena. the noble's estate. the underground passage. etc.-while chase and fight scenes (of which there is no dearth) bear striking resemblance to game instruction books. The fact that Denning is the author of The New York Times bestseller Waterdeep-a fact TSR is only too ready to advertise-may mean that there are better thing; in store for later volumes of the series. However. for the moment. THE PRISM PENTAD has only aspired to the level of fluff-colorful. nicely packaged fluff-but fluff all the same. -Joseph Dudley Denton. Bradley. Buddy HoDy is Ah"ve and WeD on Ganymede. New York: William Morrow. 1991,359 p .. cloth. $22.00; ISBN 0-688-10822-9. Here's the plot: Proflesh vs. antiflesh aliens are battling over the question of whether humans are ready to give up their own bodies. To precipitate matters, they take over all the televisions in the world to broadcast a message of appeal to one Oliver Vale from a reincarnated Buddy Holly on Ganymede. (Why ask why?) Oliver is as connected to Holly as any person on the planet. After all, he was conceived in the back seat of a '55 Chevy to the tune of Buddy Holly's "Heartbeat" on the night that Holly was killed. (What a different book this would be if the tune had been "Chantilly Lace" instead!) His abandoned mother is stuck raising a bastard son in the bigotry of 1960s Kansas. where even the Beatles are the spawn of the Devil. (Oliver lives in a house in a Topeka suburb whose zip code is 66666-6666.) Rock and roll suffuses Oliver's life. 70

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/Apm 1994 Confusing the medium with the message, every single person in the world is instantly convinced that Oliver is causing the disruption to tv. Thus deprived, they riot en masse with the thOUght of rending him limb from limb. Oliver decides that he had better make that pilgrimage to Buddy Holly's grave in Lubbock he's been putting off. He takes on the usual array of weird traveling companions and even gets a worthy adversary in the guise of a secret agent who seems to have wandered in from another book. They all wind up in one place with a bang. All right, forget the plot. The underlying current is about rock and the power it has had in our lives. By far the best part of the book are the chapter openers, which intersperse material from his mother's diary with Oliver'S remembrances of growing up. They give a far better picture of Mid-American life than the crazed modern-day parody that they frame. In fact, they have a quiet poignancy and a focus that the rest of the book lacks. What saves the book is that for all the weirdness there is the sense that even if he won't let us in on what's happening, Denton knows what he's on about. "I have gained a family, with all of the mingled love and squabbling implied therein," Oliver says in the epilogue. Not a bad epitaph for a gonzo ride through the heart of America. -Steve Carper Disch, Tom. Dark VeJ:S'es & light. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991, 124 p., cloth, $26.00; ISBN 0-8018-4191-7; paper, $12.95; ISBN 08018-4192-5. Disch has the reputation of being one of the best writers of speculative poetry today. Three quarters of his collection, Dark VeJ:S'es & light, lives up to that reputation. Disch is a superb stylist, able to combine traditional rhyme and rhythm patterns with contemporary language. His images, particularly when taken from science, are fresh and innovative. His use of rhyme is adept rather than intrusive. The two long poems comprising his first chapter are triumphs. The first, "The Snake in the Manger: A Christmas Legend," is a fantasy about the nativity. Here, as often in real life, sin arises out of grandiosity, incompetence, and failed expectations. A snake is frustrated in his attempts to give the Christ Child the most desirable gift because he must carry it in his mouth: From the Red Sea to the Baltic There is an action peristaltic which one swallows what one chews And whether we're snakes or cockatoos It can't be stopped once it has started And so the snake was broken-hearted, Because its gourd, its Holy Grail For baby Jesus was-in its tail. 71

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SFRA Renew'210. March/Apm 1994 The snake, "disappointment turned to turns viciously against the Child he so hoped to please, but, through -Grace, a deadly situation becomes an act of creation. In his brilliant "The Eightfold Way: A Masque in Five Tableau," Disch again combines scientific words and content with traditional forms. Written as Theater of the Absurd, 8 18 Ionesco, the poem follows Corpse as he prepares to leave the physical world. Other characters include a mechanical mouse and Nijinsky. Particularly memorable are the lines that describe life's origins: Fated attraction. We that were, apart mere purposeless proteins Become, united, a nucleotide Latest 1inks of a millennial chain That binds us twain to the sun-stirred tides Of the primal ocean, eternal bouillabaisse, Parentfess parent, patient, procreative Source of all that nungers and seeks To connect. The second chapter consists of poems evolving from experience-the touching "To an Elder Brother, A50rted" the whimsical "Willoughby Personality Schedule," and the life affirming, "Tree in the Dark" are particUlarly memorable. Chapter Three is an experiment in metafiction and meta poetry. Disch, who has used various female pseudonyms in the past, tells the story of Joycelin Shrager, an irrepressible underground filmmaker turned poet. Thirteen poem/parodies, supposedly written by Shrager, are included. Disch creates a clear voice for Shrager's egocentric poetry-bouncy and shallowbut, for me at least, the entire exercise falls rather flat. The final chapter returns to Disch at his most imaginative. His images use the stuff of horror in ways both clever and spare. One deliciously macabre fantasy begins: La Vinganza de los Muertos Vivientes "Return to your villages. We won't kill you anymore." -A Guatemalan general quoted on the evening news. The dead considered whether this promise could be trusted. They did miss the life of the village ... Overall this poetry collection reveals the dark and light of Disch's humor, but the dark inspires the most successful poems. -Sandra J. Lindow Drake, David. The Jungle. New York: Tor Books, A Tom Doherty Associates Book, September 1991,282 p., cloth, $18.95; ISBN 0-312-85197-9. 72

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SFRA RevJew'210, March/AprU 1994 This story is set in the universe of Henry Kuttner's classic 1943 story "Clash By Night"; in fact, the Kuttner story is included in this volume, together with an Author's Note explaining how the new book came to be written. In fact, this volume was originally intended to be a TOR DOUBLE before the line was cancelled. Earth has destroyed itself, and humanity lives on in the depths of the Venusian ocean, in domes known as "Keeps." The jungle surface of Venus is a nightmare of ferocious, rapid, mutations of plant and animal life, where no human can survive unprotected and, even then, not for long. The Keeps war by proxy, using mercenary troops. This is the story of one mercenary unit, wrecked on the surface, and forced to survive until they can get help. The outcome is never really in doubt, but the problems to be overcome are many and varied. The story is a bloody, one of combat, perseverance, and courage, interspersed WIth flashbacks to a decadent civilization of power politics and debauchery. Drake says that his story couldn't have been published in the 1943 Astounding, presumably because of the explicit sex and language. That's undoubtedly true, but Campbell might also have rejected it for the slightness of the plot. The original story, although much tamer in actual content, is in its own way even more compelling. The book is worth buying, if only for the Kuttner story. -W. D. Stevens Duane, Diane & Peter Morwood. Space Cops Mindblast. New York: Avon, July 1991, 250 p., paper, $3.95; ISBN 0-380-75852-? Space Cops Mindblast is a page-turning read. Not only is this a fascinating detective story, but the environment Duane and Morwood create is riveting, with its punk gang members, its whiff of official corruption and its levels of habitation. The concept of a space station harking back to the Gothic castle, with its dark crypt-like passages, its superficial calm, its untraditionally endangered virgin (here an endearing girl, Beval, with a mental age of three), its evil seductress (no name here-I will not give the game away), and its two heroes, Joss O'Bannion and Evan Glyndower, is appealing. What I was not prepared for was the teasing, tough, yet tender professional relationship between Joss and Evan, which is well realized and entertaining without being implausible. Drugs are at the heart-or should I say the brain-of this novel, and the information about their chemical effects is conveyed in a carefully controlled manner so that the complexities of the plot keep the reader intrigued until the final twist. The novel opens with the murder of Officer Lon Salonikis, Officer Glyndower's partner, ana from then the chase is on to track down the cause of tiis death and the roots of the drug trade on Freedom. It is a grippir!g one! This is the first in what Avon promises will be a series by Duane and Morwood. Keep an eye out for those Space Cops! Highly recommended for an enjoyable, brain-tickling read! -Tanya Gardiner-Scott 73

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SFRA ReneIF.210. March/Aprl11994 Emshwiller. Carol. The Start of the End of It All. San Francisco: Mercury House. 1991.204 p . trade paperback. $10.95; ISBN 1-56279-002-1; cloth. $17.95; ISBN 1-56279-001-3. A prolific writer of short stories. until recently it has been hard for Emshwiller to receive the recognition she richly deserves. With the publication of this new collection. she now has three books simultaneously in print. including her fascinating novel. Carmen Dog. and another collection. Verging on the Pertinent The Start of the End oflt All gives us eighteen short stories. including the every popular "Sex And/or Mr. Morrison" and "Chicken Icarus." Reviewers have mentioned the cat-loathing aliens ofthe title story. but equally delightful are the creatures of "Draculalucard" and "Moon Song." to mention only a few. One delightful feature of Emshwiller's fiction is its allusive and often allegorical characterizations. Her people are often confused and misguided. not villains really as much as victims of ignorance or custom. And yet her fiction is extremely humorous as a result of their bumbling. One recognizes the absurdity of day-to-day situations as she infuses the mundane with the fantastic. "Eclipse" finds a bemused woman at a party that she didn't really want to anend. One of those obligations of the academic that can't be ignored but is vaguely distasteful. When she arrives. she is greeted as a performer not a guest-she is given a piano. then a flute. and finally performs just to get a reaction. Present. like a nagging itch. throughout her fiction is the understanding that we repress many distasteful truths about the relationships between men and women as well as between humans and those creatures who share the earth with us. Because she often narrates in the first person from the female perspective. one can assume she is speaking for women and against men. However. she often satirizes women's expectations along with men's. This is very apparent in "Fledged." which confronts an aging, manipulative man with a larger-than-human. dirty and clumsy bird. One gets the idea that Emshwiller is not fond of parties as the first-person narrator in this story struggles to have a party around his unexpected guest who leaves wet. dirty maTh on the wallS. ceiling; and furniture and makes nonsense sounds to his guests. He gradually discovers that she is probably his first wife. (He has just divorced the second) and decides since he is [onely and she has been a hit at the party. he will let her stay-ir she gets rid of those ugly wing; (and he will even pay for it). Her response is predictable. for an Emsllwiller story. anyway. It is ROssible to misunderstand Emshwiller. If one reads a single pl.lfPOse into the multilayered allusions. one can be taken aback by the baTd. almost humor which cuts to the core of ambigujties that make up womens anitudes towards themselves and the cultures which encase them. Emshwiller's grace. technical virtuosity. insight. humor. rest in the narrators who never settle on a single or simple political position and therefore reflect this ambiguity of intent. You owe it to yourself to read this collection. -Janice M. Bog;tad 74

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SFRA Revle,,'210. March/Aprll1994 Emshwiller, Carol. The Start of the End of It All. San Francisco: Mercury House, 1991,204 p., trade paperback. $10.95; ISBN 1-56279-002-1; cloth, $17.95: ISBN 1-56279-001-3. Emshwiller has been writing for perhaps thirty years, but lately there has been a small Emshwiller "explosion"-a collection of stories, Verging on the Pertinent (1989), her novel Carmen Dog (1990), and another collection, The Start of the End oflt AU (1991). She is an intelligent writer with a strong sense of style and a wry, quirky, original imagination. Unfortunately, however, at least half of the eighteen pieces in The Start tell the same, self-absorbed, self-pitying story in the same style, echoing her earlier books. A middle-aged or old woman, odd, out-of-place, or distracted, ignored or rejected by society or by her husband (invariably insensitive, blind, doltish, or cruel), tries to achieve a sense of usefulness and some or self-esteem. Some of these pieces are irresponsible daydreams ("Glory, Glory") or wish-fulfillment ("Fledged," "DracuJalucard"). Whoever narrates, man or woman, the voice is always the same: wistful, wry, self-deprecating. self-consciously quirky, and slightly out-of-focus, which, after five or six stories, is wearying and seems mannered. The stories read like essays-everything talked about, very little shown. Characters are mostly unnamed, plots negligible and endings inconclusive. Emshwiller seems reluctant to tell a story. It's as if Aunt Bea, turned self-conscious and coy, wrote for The New Yorker. The title story is perhaps the best of the "typical" pieces. Abandoned women join seemingly innocuous aliens in a kooky plot to take over Earth, only to find, in some humorously creepy scenes, that they are once again being used by males. The worst is "Woman Waiting." a plotless abysm of self pity and feelings of inferiority. Emshwiller is most refreshing and affecting when she deigns to drop her usual pose (and prose) and makes with a story, with a plot and characters. Her most "untyPical" is "Pelt," a disturbing sci-fi piece told from the point of view of a huntmg dog on an alien world. Others of interest are "Moon Songs" and "Ifthe Word Was to the Wise." Taken separately, none of her stories is bad; read one after another, they can bore and frustrate. And Emshwiller is too good for that. One hopes that she can stop harping on the same old subject and, like the women in "Fledged" and "DracuJalucard," spread her wings fully-and then not write about it. -William Mingin Hawke, Simon. Star Trek: The Patrian Transgression. New York, London: Pocket Books, April 1994, 278 p., paper, $5.50: ISBN 0-671-88044-6. STAR TREK #69. The great wheel of Star Trek rolls onward into the undiscovered country, and as it mashes the competitors flat, "name" writers are being attracted to the fold. Hawke is among the latest, with John Peel and W. R. Thompson among them as well. 75

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SFRA RevJe .... 210, March/April 1994 Here, Hawke spins a yarn which is a police/detective story in SF trappings, an old-but-honorable plot. Kirk and Co. are called to the Patrian System to begin negotiations with the Patrians for membership in the Federation. While there, they are asked to investigate Klingon weapons being used by a rebel faction. Along the way, the find mind-readers, treason among the ranks of the Patrian bureaucracy, brave new friends, and a world faintly tasting of Steve Brust's cyberpunkish COwboy Feng's Space Bar and Grille or Joe Gifford Faust's A Death of Honor. An especially fun insertion for SF fans and pros is the name of the Federation diplomat to Patria: Robert Jordan ... A gripping tale, though, one able to penetrate beyond the trappings of Star Trek and seize the reader and drag him into this world. -Daryl F. Mallett Lumley, Brian. Tarra Khash: Hrossak! London: Headline, June 1991, 246 p., paper, .99; ISBN 0-70723610-0? TALES OF THE PRIMAL LAND #2. This is the second of three books to be published which collect together Lumley's stories set in a land purporting to have existed in the very distant past. All the tales collected here concern the adventures of Tarra Khash and all except one were originally published in Weirdbook or Weird book publications. Tarra Khash is not the indestructable and unbearable muscle man found in similar volumes featuring lone adventurers from fantasy worlds. He is skilled in arms, but he frequently finds himself in sticky situations. In the first story, "Treasure of the Scarlet Scorpions," he is to be found imprisoned at the bottom of a well. He is in this predicament because he discovered the temple of the scorpion god, Ahorra Izz, and returned to civilization with a pocket full of rubies. When the servants of Nud Annoxin reach the temple, Tarra will go free, perhaps. It takes him four years of patience before he can engineer his escape. Even then, he doesn't go looking for trouble but joins up with two gold prospectors. Panning seems a much safer method of getting rich, but when they are killed he follows the pirates, out of a sense of honor, to the fabled "Isles of the Suhm-Yi." He only escapes with his life because of the intervention of the last surviving member of the Suhm-Yi race. In the first story, Tarra acquired a sword with a jeweled hilt which was broken in the second. He keeps this with him throughout the remaining stories, and even when luck goes against him does not wish to part with itthough he might consider selling the odd gem. This broken weapon plays an important role in the final story, "In the Temple of Terror," where he is again rescued from certain death by the Suhm-Yi, Amyr Am, their paths crossing because Amyr is seeking the last surviving female of his race and both woman and sword are in the same place-the temple. In many ways, these stories are in the tradition of Conan the Barbarian, but Tarra Khash is much more believable as he is subject to the vagaries of fortune. He tends to survive because he is lucky and because he uses his wits. He doesn't fret if his newly acquired wealth is almost immediately stolen from him. Any horror in these stories doesn't really have much impact on the senses and they can be regarded as light, traditional swords and sorcery, good for filling the odd hour. -Pauline Morgan 76

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SFRA Revie ..... 210, March/Aprl11994 McAuley, Paul J. Eternal Light. London: Gollancz, June 1991,384 p., doth; ISBN 0-575-04931-6. McAuley should be ranked along;ide the great modern SF writers such as Greg Bear and Frederik PoW. He is able to take ideas and extrapolate. The results are stunning. He burst onto the SF scene with his award-winning novel. Four Hundred Bljjion Stars, of which this is the sequel. Once the Alea had swarmed throughout the galaxy. They were aggressive, even to members of their own race. Remnants of them had been found on Novaya Rosya. This is where Dorthy Yoshida, an erapath, encountered them. During this, the Alea's leader implanted information in her head. She cannot access it, but the Navy needs the information to protect humanity. Others also want the information. Talbeck Barlstilkin, one of the Golden, kidnaps her. (The Golden are a rich elite who are virtually immortal due to rejuvenation treatments.) There is a star which appears to have been accelerated out of the galactic core about the time that the Alea family Dorthy has encountered fled from the area. Barlstilkin is determined to intercept it, but he needs to be secretive. The Navy is also interested in the star, fearing that it could lead to another nest of genocidal Alea And the Witnesses, a powerful religious cult, fear that this body may be the proof, or refutation of their beliefs, that all intelligent races evolved towards, or into God. The rogue star, however, is only a start to the experiences that lie in wait for Dorthy and the others and which take them to the very heart of the galaxy. The difficulty of talking about the plot of this kind of book is that only the surface can be scratched. It is a complex, many-stranded thing and only when all of the elements have been twisted together at the end can the whole picture be seen. There is a large cast of characters, each of which have a place in the scheme of thing; and who are well-portrayed. The scope of the novel is ambitious, taking in the entire tapestry of the galaxy, millions of years of time, alien civilizations and mysticism as well as the smaller emotions of human being;. McAuley has succeeded in producing a masterwork within the limits of the written word, but to appreciate it fully, it is worth reading more than once. -Pauline Morgan McAuley, PaulJ. The King of the Hill. London: Gollancz, March 1991, 216 p., cloth, .99; ISBN 0-575-05001-2. This collection of eight stories shows that McAuley can write as brilliantly at short lengths as he does in his novels. They span a period from 1985 to 1990 and, with one exception, appeared first either in Interzone or Amazing magazines. The title story, "The King of the Hill," is set in an alternate present in which the Americans colonized Britain after World War II, subjugating the island. The king is Arthur and the hill, Cadbury Castle, an Iron Age fortification in Somerset. David, traumatized after the death of his parents becomes fascinated by the idea that Cadbury may have been the site of Camelot and that Arthur will return when the country needs him. David 77

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SFRA Reriew'210, March/Apm 1994 believes it is time to wake the old powers and for the Englieh to reclaim their country. "Karl and the Ogre" appears at first sight to be a fantasy. Karl and two of his friends are out hunting the ogre that has killed a unicorn. The ogre turns out to be an old woman. Gradually, as the story progresses, the arabia nee changes. From a light, almost fairy-tale world it changes into a dark future. Human experimentation has produced children with the mental powers to make thing; how they want them. And what children want is not always what they need. "Transcendence" is a man-in-space story. It looks at the way in which people adapt to the harsh environment of space, how they are adapted for it, and the effects this can have on them. Singer, despite having been isolated after an accident for two years still needs to be part human race, while Dianne feels she must transcend the body and become part ofthe machine she works with. The stories in this volume are all set in the same universe McAuley explores in his novels. Most of them are set on Earth in its future. In "The Temporary King," a rustic community, left behind when most people joined the expansion to the stars, is disturbed by the coming of Florey, who tells tales of other worlds. Nothing can ever be the same again. In "The Airs of Earth" freespacer Arion is taken up by one of the Golden as a novelty. The Golden are the rich society, those who afford anti-aging treatments. He finds that the glitter is only superficial. Earth is almost at the end of its life in "The Heirs of '"Earth." The spaceports are unused and very few people remain. Westerly is stranded on Earth and needs to get away before the Witnesses catch up with him. Somehow he has to find enough working technology to call his ship and leave. Although each of these stories can tell only a small part of the history, together they form evocative stepping stones across the ages. Without trying to spell out every important incident in the passage of time, McAuley has offered instead WIndows through which glimpses of change and the evolution of society can be observed. An excellent collection. -Pauline Morgan Sheldon, Sidney. The Doomsday Conspiracy. New York: William Morrow & Co., 1991, cloth, 412 p.; ISBN 0-688-08489-3. I would say invest the $5.99 in the paperback if you really want to read this book. What I mean is that I dont' know why I keep reading these crossover genre novels except perhaps that I live in the hope that a really good one will be published. I am still waiting. Sheldon, a believer in UFOs, has written a book speculating on the reason why '!light be coming here. His premise is that they are an alien plant life which IS concerned about the way we are polluting the Earth. Although they are powerful enough to stop us, they believe we should do it for ourselves. Hence the "sighting;" are simply IDlSSions to gather together data on the pollution levels and not for "contact" purposes. All of this is spelled out in the last "page" or two of the novel. What proceeds this is basically a spy novel. That part of the novel concerns the crashing of one of these UFOs in the Swiss Alps. Navy Commander Robert Bellamy is sent out to find the busload of tourists who witnessed this and send their names to a top secret agency. What he is told, 78

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SFRA Revle .... 210. March/April 1994 though. is that there was a weather balloon with top secret equipment which crashed and he is to locate the people who might have seen it so they can be approached by their governments. who will explain to them the necessity of keeping silent. Bellamy is supposed to be the top agent in Navy intelligence. but he does not realize that he is gathering the names of innocent people who will be silenced at any cost. This lapse in his abilities is explained by the loss of his wife. Susan. to another man. Monte Banks. His wife and her new. very rich husband. cross Bellamy's path enough to distract him when he should be getting clued in on the deaths piling up behind him. He finally manages to come through just in time to save his own neck. The Conspiracy part is loosely explained by having the military. private industries. and powerful government leaders all in a secret organization whose goals are to preserve their power and position. even if it means polluting the world. By keepins silent about UFOs and silencing those who find out. they manage to maintalffi their power. Anyone who has any interest in UFOs has heard this argument. I am not belittling it. but I don't think it needs a novel. especially at the hardcover price. In order to make it more believable. Since the UFOs and its occupants are not really used as characters then it fails to keep interest. -W. R. Larrier Shelley. Rick. The Hero of Varay. New York: ROC. July 1991. 256 p . paper. $3.99; ISBN 0-451-45091-4. I can accept a certain amount of ambiguity. I don't mind loose ends suggesting a sequel. but I abominate cliff-hangers. I'm also not too keen on a quest for the balls of the Great Earth Mother. the "family jewels"-all that is left of the Great Earth Mother's consort. I have difficulty suspending my disbelief long enough for a cute little eight year old kid from Chicago to mature in no time at all into a mature expert wizard on Va ray. With a talking elf head carried in a and the boy/man wizard to help. Gil Tyner. the Hero of Va ray. bemoans his fate. while. as he says in good old American. "freezing his butt off in a cave high on the mountain getting ready to challenge the Earth Plother on her home turf." It's all just too cute; yet I must admit I kept reading. Shelley has a fine ear for youthful dialogue and for allusions to contemporary life. And no matter how depressed Gil is. he perseveres in his attempt to remedy the breach between the two worlds caused by a terrorist attack on Earth. We must wait for the next Varayan Memoir to find out if the twenty four year old newly married Gil Tyner. who. as reported in another Varayan Memoir. found the entrance to Varay on his twenty-first birthday and who still hasn't forgiven his mother for having kept him in ignorance of his heritage. will be successful. Certainly. we can't possibly have chickens laying dragon airplanes flying over Va ray. or dragon UFOs on Earth. Return next Saturday morning. -Muriel R. Becker Sherman. Joel Henry. Random Factor. New York: Del Rey BokslBallantine Books. April 1991. 329 p .. paper. $4.95; ISBN 0-345-36226-8. 79

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SFRA Revle.,,'210. MarchI April 1994 Kenneth Christian Rourke is a Quadriate security officer unwittingly manipulated into accepting the job of factor on Mael station, an isolated trading post on the edge of the galaxy's southern arm. Rem II Leera, aka "Rem the Forgotten," is an elderly Col secretary ostensibly sent to the Mael system to receive her "elevation: but in fact is an unwi11ing spy ordered to observe Gral II Chedo, a Col military leader feared to be secretly dealing with the vicious and unpredictable Oolaan. Meanwhile, the Human Alliance also has designs on the Mael system and has placed undercover operatives on the station to determine the likelihood of an Oolaan attack, while the Ssoorii Unity plans for the approaching invasion in a nearby quadrant. A relatively new author, Sherman clearly has a knack for creating well-developed alien cultures, them each a particular history and moral character as well as distinguishing physical strangeness. The Col, for example, exist in their essential state as a gelatinous mass which joins symbiotically with the lowbrain of creatures assigned a rank in a rigid caste system; they achieve liberation from this system-and even a form of immortality-by then being "elevated" (or exchanging a lower-caste symbiot for one of a higher station) via a complex ritual prescribed by their peculiar mix of science and religion. Additionally, .sherman also understands the importance of locale and sensory detail to the mood of his work, and develops both the space station and the planet it orbits accordingly. Thus, much of the novel bears a unique cinematic quality which intensmes a number of important scenes, such as when Galagazar, the ill-fated Eng who serves as factor prior to Rourke, is slaughtered in the "playroom" of an on-station alien porno shop. Later, when Rein enters the Col temple on Jurrume, she finds herself in a perfect simulacrum of the forests of her home world (the fact that the inside of the temple seems larger than the outside represents a peculiar and interesting investigation of space itself, which in turn demonstrates the author's familiarity with contemporary themes). Ergo, when she stumbles upon an air shaft leading to the lab of Col priest Vaz II Tran and discovers the "sacrilege" taking place there, it is a specifically spatial as well as moral affront to the Col initiate. The novel does have some visualization problems early on, albeit relatively minor ones. For example, at one point a character appears dressed for dinner wearing "the latest fashion rage-a postmodern tuxedo." Possibly the author himself could not even conceive of what such a garment would look like; in any case, he never tells. An impressive second novel nonetheless, Random Factor combines elements of classic space opera and military SF into a gestalt which approaches the vision (if not the wordage) achieved by heavyweights such as Herbert's Dune or Cherryh's Cyteen. Sherman promises to be one of SFs most exuberant new voices, and I would recommend his work highly. -Joseph M. Dudley Silko, Leslie. Almanac of the Dead. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991,763 p., cloth, $25.00. Almanac of the Dead, Silko's latest novel, predicts a grim future of class war for the Americas. Her only book to date that fits entirely in the realm of the fantastic, Almanac of the Dead focuses on the social and environmental 80

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SFRA Revle ... '210, March/Apm 1994 .problems that we have created for ourselves on the planet. In this novel, the only solution for these problems lies in prophecy, myth, and political action by those who can read the signs of the ancient spirits. In Almanac of the Dead, the mythologies/philosophies of indigenous peoples of the Americas, African-Americans, and Karl Marx unite the disenfranchised and victimized peoples of the Western hemisphere against Euro-American culture, which has lost its ancient tribal teaching;. The enemy is not defined, however, by race, but by those peoples, who follow the ways of the dominant culture, who have lost their spirituality, and who have replaced it with lust that can never be satisfied. These destroyers of Mother Earth, enslavers of human being;, and carriers of death and disease have brought the dreaded, apocalyptic day of the Dead Eye Dog as foreseen in the ancient, secret almanac. The ancient almanac, which has been saved from the European conquerors, foretells the day that the death culture will turn upon itself in cannibalistic fashion. Poverty of homeless people, drug addition and the decadent wealth it bring; to the dealers, torture, snuff flicks, bestiality, and sado-masochism represent the world of the near future that Silko creates in order to predict its destruction. Yet she depicts this world with such clearly defined, realistic characters that one recognizes our own world through her explicit vision. Although the story follows the lives of many characters, the unification of two sets of twins, one set male from the South and one set female from the North, bring; all of the narratives together on the eve of revolution. The twins are joined by an army of the homeless and led by a unified cadre of Native shamen on a quest to take back the land, care for it, and protect the children from life among the destroyers. Members of all races, who have been their separate wars with the insatiable lust and greed of the destroyers, loin in Tucson to enact the final prophecy, predicted by the sacred Macaws of the twin brothers and the almanac of the two sisters. The stories of the characters are as large as the themes, but their lives are far from Eutopian. Their tales speak from inside families who have been corrupted by the diseases of materialism, crime, machismo, drug;, and cruelty. However, while the love of wealth has perverted the spirits and corrupted the law makers and enforcers on every level. this quantity of corruption has also allowed the spontaneous eruption of counter-cultures, organized by the dispossessed in order to survive. The survivors of European conquest, poverty, and child abuse also have their stories, which gain power from their love of life, life givers, and the earth. This is a novel for those who believe that the stories of women, like Harriet Beacher Stowe, have spiritual power to create actions outside themselves. Silko is a Native American storyteller with the power to move the peoples of two continents. -Anon. Silverberg, Robert & Martin H. Greenberg. The Horror HaD of Fame. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1991,416 p., cloth, $21.95; ISBN 0-88184-692-9. In 1981 and 1982, attendees at the World Fantasy Convention were asked to name the greatest horror stories of all time. This volume contains the top eighteen vote-getters. Choosing the best is a game, of course, but it's hard to argue with most of the selections included. Among the old timers, Edgar 81

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SFRA Rene .... 210, March/April 1994 Allan Poe is represented by "The Fall of the House of Usher," J. Sheridan Le Fanu by "Green Tea," Ambrose Bierce by "The Damned Thing," Robert W. Chambers by "The Yellow Sign," W. W. Jacobs by "The Monkey's Paw," Arthur Machen by "The White People," Algernon Blackwood by "The Willows," and M. R James by "Casting the Runes." Each of these is an undeniably fine piece of horror fiction and to argue that one might prefer "Carmilla" to "Green Tea" or "Ancient Sorceries" to "The Willows" is simply to be a curmudgeon and troublemaker. It's equally hard to argue over the selections from the pulp era: Henry Kuttner's "The Graveyard Rats," Robert E. Howard's "Pigeons from Hell" (which was responsible for the worst nightmare of my life when I was about ten years old), Theodore Sturgeon's "It," Fritz Leiber's "Smoke Ghost," Robert Bloch's "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper," and Ray Bradbury's "The Small Assassin." The more recent selections may be a bit easier to disagree about. I was a bit surprised by the choice of Harlan Ellison's "The Whimper of Whipped but, after re-reading the story, it's impossible to deny that it packs a wallop. Ramsey Campbell's "Calling Card," the only piece in the anthology I hadn't previously read, is solid, but not as good as much of his more recent work. Charles Grant's "Coin of the Realm" is a typical example of his many OXRUN STATION stories, but I've always felt that Grant was more important to the horror field as editor than as an author. Stephen King's "The Reach," although solid, is relatively minor. It seems to me that even as early as 1981 he'd already done a number of more deservinsstories. The creation of a list of the best of anything unmediately incites one to come up with a counter list. Although it's hard to criticize the inclusion of any of the authors here and it is obvious that there are limits to how long a book can be, it still strikes me as pretty close to unbelievable that there's nothing by H. P.Lovecraft who, as we all know, was the most important author of horror fiction between Poe and King. My own personal table of contents also have included stories by William Hope Saki, and Robert Aickman. Further, although horror fiction has long been known for its tendency toward misC?gyny, it's hard to believe that nothing by a woman writer was deemed significant enough for inclusion. What about Charlotte Perkins Gilman's magnificent "The Yellow Wallpaper" or something by Edith Wharton, or C. L. Moore, or, well, you get the picture. All gripes aside, this is still a superb collection, the thing for the novice horror story reader looking for a start. The volume includes a valuable introduction, Contributing Editor Stefan Dziemianowicz's introductory notes to each story. and a useful biographical note for each writer. -Michael M. Levy Simmons. Dan. Summer of Night. New York: Putnam. 1991. 560 p., cloth. $22.95; ISBN 0-399-13573-1. In an author profile for the 1990 Annual, Simmons described the as-then unpublished Summer of Night as a novel about "the secrets and silences of childhood, the parts of childhood that Disney was not honest about." Rather or not one feels that the author is consciously trespassing in Stephen King territory (and indeed. the book has been described as "the best Stephen King 82

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SFRA Revle .. '210, March/April 1994 novel Stephen King never wrote"), the indisputable fact is that Simmons has, with this novel, completely succeeded King as the master of modern horror. From the first page, Simmons demonstrates his understanding of both the darkest fears and greatest joys of childhood, and meticulously builds a framework for his novel in which both of these find expression. In the small town of Elm Haven, school is out for the summer; even so, the young members of the Bike Patrol-Mike, Duane, Dale, Lawrence, Harlen, and Kevin-suspect that there's still something going on in the dark, brooding school house, something they know intuitively to be wrong. What starts out as a game to scare each other, however, quickly becomes a serious matter when a rash of strange incidents and bizarre murders lead the boys to discover the strange and frightening history of the school, and the even stranger history of the "Stele or Revealing," an Egyptian artifact transmogrified into the huge bell which now hangs in the schoofs -belfry. Simmons knows the importance of both locale and character in a good horror novel, and has taken pains to create each with an artistry far beyond the level of mere craft. The reader knows what it feels like to live in Simmons' small Illinois town, with its canopy of elm leaves shading the streets and other stunning details revealed in just the right places so as not to weigh down the narrative. Also, the reader is remindea of what it's like to be eleven years old again, free for the summer and held only by the boundaries of unagination and physical endurance. Additionally, Sunmons has woven into the sprawling tapestry of his novel the boys' various family allegiances, moral and religious beliefS, and first fleeting brushes with sexual awakening, thus giving his characters a sense of depth and a level of reality that elevates them above mere fictional constructs and transforms them into the reader's friends. This creates a sense of experiencing the novel's horror right at their sides rather than only witnessing it through them, with examples abounding: when the principal's pale face swims up out of the darkness of one of the old school's shadowy stairwells (and what old school ever had a stairwell that could be lit properly?), we know there's something supernatural afoot even as the boys dismiss it in anticipation of the end of the day. Later, we sense with them the menace of the rendering truck as it roams the country roads exuding the stink of rotting flesh while searching for human prey, and feel the heart pounding fear which one of the boys, Mike O'Rourke, experiences when he sees the corpse of a World War I soldier shambling along the cemetery road. And as if such incidents weren't enough to fu1fi1l any horror fan's expectations, Simmons gives new life to The Thing Under the Bed, The Thing in the Closet, and The Thing in the Basement, deftly building into his prose an eleven-year old's absolute sureness that these creatures exist. Simmons' narrative is flawless, his prose seamless and economical, and it's a shame that Summer of Night has been compared to King's It as that novel-besides being 500 pages too long-was (unintentionally, one hopes) down right silly in spots. Night, however, is deadly serious from the first page to the last, and its length is testament not only to the author's ability to keep his plot moving, but also to keep it believable. An interesting side note is that the character most likely based on Simmons himself-Duane McBrideseems, in addition to being Simmons' attempt to put an old and faithful character to rest (his first "publications" were Timmy McBride-boy detective stories passed out to friends in fourth grade), also to be a peculiar negation of his own egocentrism as a writer: the character is brutally slaughtered by zombies and other foul things of the night only half way into the book. 83

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SFRA Renew'210, March/April 1994 Summer of Night is one of those rare novels which begs for rereading as soon as the last page is finished, which in the end is the highest praise any novel can receive. For those who want more, however, there is more: 1) a chapbook entitled Banished Dreams from Roadkill Press (publishing imprint of the Little Bookshop of Horrors, Arvada, Colorado) which contains a subplot "reluctantly" removed from the final draft, and 2) Simmons' Children of the Night (I 992), in which the grown Mike O'Rourke figures prominently. -Joseph M. Dudley Sirota, Mike. Bicycling Through Space and Time. New York: Ace, December 1991,202 p., paper, $3.99; ISBN 0-441-05735-7. Bicycling through space and time is fun, both the concept and the book. Jack Miller is a lucky guy. First he wins the lottery, not one of those mega lotteries with a bazillion dollar payout, but a reasonable lottery, one which allows him to quit his day job to write science fiction/action thrillers and ride his bike all day. On one of his daily jaunts, he runs into the Old Guy. The Old Guy decides that Jack is just the person with whom to share the secrets of his universe. As it happens, one of these secrets is a Vurdabrok Gear which allows access to the Ultimate Bike Path. Without getting technical, which this book did not, Jack slaps the Gear on his bike and takes off for the VBP. Behind door # 1 is a troll-like being named Averill who is a Second Apprentice Dungmaster. And Jack winds up being carted around in a wagon full oLwell, so much for foreshadowinf:j\. Door #2 has children cowboys and Indians, only one of the children is Adolph Hitler. So what if Adolph's name wasn't Hitler as a child, Sirota keeps the book light enough that it doesn't really matter about historical accuracy. And there are many other doors. Bicycling Through Space and Time is mind candy, nothing heavy, no message, but an enjo},?ble, quick trip through someone's fantasy world. Next time Jack goes for a rIde, you'll find yourself wanting to go with him. -Nolan Anglum Sirota, Michael B. The Well. New York: Bantam, June 1991,242 p., paper, $4.50; ISBN 0-553-28843-1. The likeable, WASP Lowell family is delighted to rediscover their roots in Fire Valley, CA, where everybody is glad to welcome them home. Unfortunately, everyone is also being manipulated by a Native American demon who was imprisoned underground by a Native American god just where Greg Lowell's ancestors settled and dug a deep well ... All kinds of unpleasant things happen before the book's conclusion, but there's nothing really frightening. Some of the scenes that combine sex and violence are graphic enough to make a reader mildly uncomfortable, that's all. If you want an innocuous horror novel-if you don't find that a contradiction in terms-this novel is readable enough. -Joe Sanders 84

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SFRA Revie ... '210, March/April 1994 Skipp, John & Craig Spector. The Bridge. New York: Bantam, October 1991,420 p., paper, $4.99; ISBN 0-553-29027-4. It's a dark and stormy night when illegal toxic waste dumpers drop one seething drum too many off a ramshackle bridge into a creek that's already saturated with the stuff. Zap! A new lifeform is born, and it starts digesting everything and everybody around it. The rest of the book describes its progress toward invincibility. This is an odd novel, reading like a collaboration between the staff of The Urne Reader and the genial host of Tales trom the Crypt. Skipp and Spector seem genuinely outraged at the way we are letting the environment be poisoned; at the same time, they genuinely enjoy grossing out readers with goofy, DC-Comics science transmutations, as when goop-infected lawn ornaments go on the attack. The characters basically are hors dbuvres on leg;, waiting to be munched, so the only questions are how soon and how nastily they'll die. The answer to both is the same: "Very." This nihilism is contradicted by the last pages of the book, after the novel is over, when the authors list thing; we can do, groups we can join, etc. to save the world. But the monster, indirectly known as it is in the novel, appears simply to carry on the childish, selfish, brutal, greed that created it; it's our baby. And the story gives no hope that we'll grow up in time to take control. Still, The Bridge is a lively tale, vividly told. If you can read it just as that-or if you can resolve to start applying the advice in the AppendIX-it's recommended. -Joe Sanders Somtow, S. P. Riverrun. New York: Avon, 1991,259 p., paper, $3.99; ISBN 0-380-75925-X. Somtow has fashioned a literate, absorbing narrative that promises to develop its ideas rather than simply continue the adventures of the major characters. The novel intertwines two traditional themes. The first is familiar to every reader of fantasy. A small group of individuals are lured (summoned?) into a war that has cosmic implications. The setting of this war is a transdimensional empire linked by a river that flows through every universe in the cosmos. The inhabitants of our dimension and Earth who are drawn into the titanic struggle include the family of Philip Etchison, poet and professor. His wife is dying of cancer. They have two sons Joshua and the symbolically named Theodore (whose gift of Truthsaying is essential to victory). The two boys are to become champions of the warring factions. The second theme is a variation on King Lear. Strang Darkling, the old king of the transdimensional empire, has divided his realm between two of his three children. His son Thorn and daughter Katastrofa are fighting for total control. Meanwhile the third child, Ash, struggles to preserve the harmony of creation. This is in many respects a daring novel. Somtow does not merely use King Lear as the plot for fantasy narrative. He transfers it to a setting where everyday logic has been replaced by the logic of dreams and poetic symbolism. In much the same way, he does not simply make use of dreams 85

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/AprU 1994 but seems to have his narrative to reflect their way of making sense. Finally, he has made his literary allusions (not just to Shakespeare but also to Alice in Wonderland and several other works), musical references and interspersed poems as essential to the story as its battles. Many fantasy novels comment on the confusion of dream and reality. Riverrun explores it. Highly recommended. -Anon. Spinrad, Norman. Russian Spring. New York: Bantam, September 1991,567 p., cloth, $22.50. From the start of his career in 1963, Spinrad's worldview has been remarkably consistent. "There are only four thing:;, basically, that you can write about," Spinrad once told interviewer Charles Platt. "Sex, love, power, money. To those you can add transcendence-higher consciousness, psychology. That's all there is." All these themes are present in Russian Spring, Spinrad's fourteenth novel. In the early 21st century, the world is divided into, three trading blocs. The United States has succumbed to protectionism and militarism. Dominant in its Latin American sphere of influence, it has bankrupted its economy fighting pointless South American wars and building an invincible space based defense system (which Spinrad slyly names "Battlestar America"). The successors to Mikhail Gorbachev have also turned the Soviet Union into a semi-capitalistic economic colossus; the nations of the European Community have fully integrated their economies and largely merged their armies, ensuring the creation of an area that has become the center of commerce. culture, and civilization. (The Japanese are strangely absent from the novel.) Spinrad's hero, Jerry Reed, is an aerospace engineer unable to find work in America after the U.S.'s space program collapses in the aftermath of the ChaUenger disaster. Reed travels to Paris. where he meets and marries Sonya Gagarin, a vivacious Soviet. One child of this marriage goes to America and becomes a journalist; another travels to Russia and becomes a cosmonaut. Russian Spring has two major themes. The first describes how vast social and political changes irrevocably change the nature of the world. Much of Spinrad's background it now dated. as the crisis of this novel centers around an attempt by Ukraine to break away from the Soviet Union in the year 2010. But the division of the world into trading blocs still appears likely. and Spinrad's critique of protectionism is quite timely. At its core, Russian Spring is also a scientific variant on the age-old tale of Americans in Europe and Europeans in America. Most of the first third of the novel is about Jerry Reed's reaction to Europe. how a Californian raised in the land of malls and smog could be swiftly seduced by a continent with "country after country. each of them with an incomprehensible language. strange sights. sounds, and smells, utterly different thing; to eat. rooted in its unique ancient stories, just like all those alien worlds in Dad's old science fiction magazines." Russian Spring is impressive for two reasons. First. it is a large. panoramic novel that is not packed with unnecessary complications. essays. or back-story. Second. it is a welcome addition to the small number of novels that seriously attempt to show what the future might be like. Spinrad has 86

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SFRA Revlew'210, March/April 1994 done his research, and displays his mastery of politics, economics, and technology in a sure and confident manner. While Russian Spring is not a flawless novel-it tends towards the melodramatic and the deus ex machina ending is somewhat implausible-these flaws are minor. Russian Spring is a science fiction novel of the first rank. -Martin Morse Wooster Stabenow, Dana. A Handful of Stars. New York: Ace Books, December 1991,215 p., paper, $3.99; IBSN 0-441-31615-8. In Stabenow's earlier novel, Second Star, protagonist Star Svensdotter managed to build an L5 colony, see it through independence from Earth, lose a perfidious lover and see her best friend die in battle. Heinlein's The Moon is a Harsh Mistress was the obvious model not only in plot but for characterization. Heinlein is the only writer who could vitalize those stock AnaJogjolly optimistic engineers. Stabenow does a significantly worse job of it than even Robert L. Forward. Frighteningly bad writing. Even a worse problem, if that is possible, is that the book has no real plot. Svensdotter, eight months pregnant, is given command of the L5 nation's expedition to the asteroid belt (i.e., Old West mining camps) to compete with Earth's megacorporations for the mineral wealth. Thing; happen. She meets a child cobbled together from her and her villainous lover's DNA. Her second in command fought against the revolution. There's a plague on Ceres and miners are being locked out of the main city. Star has twins. By the time she comes to, her fearless engineers have cured the plague, five pages later. The book just chug; along like that, offering one big crisis after another, none developed. Stabenow seems to think the characters' senses of humor (rather less subtle than elephants mating) will carry the novel. Wrong. Possibly the worst published book of 1991. -Bill Collins Stasheff, Christopher. A Company of Stars. New York: A Del Rey Book, Ballantine Books, September 1991, 309 p., cloth $19.00; ISBN 0-34536888-6. STARSHIP TROUPERS # 1. Playing off Heinlein's classic title, StarshljJ Troopers, the wit which is Stasheff has conjured up STARSHIP TROUPERS, a group of interstellar thespians set in the far future. When the tale opens in the New York of the far future, two aging stars of the stage decide to start an interstellar thespian troupe. Barry Tallendar and Horace Burbage (descended from the Burbages of England circa 1500, no doubt, though never specified) approach the former's mega millionaire brother (who has more money than even H. Ross Perot dreams of) with the pitch. Out of love for his brother and in his eagerness to dispose of a sticky personal relationship with aging leading lady (and stuck-up socialite) Mamie Lulala (reminiscent of, say, Tallulah Bankhead?), agrees to finance the project. Set in a world-state under oppression done Big Brother-style, the powers that be attempt to quash freedom of speech, the arts and humanities, 87

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SFRA Renelr'210, March/Apm 1994 and much more, their latest threatening gesture directed against the theatre and its unscrupulous immorality! Interwoven throughout the tale of The Star Company is the story of Ramou Lazarian, a virginal college student and black belt, escaping the clutches of his rich-bitch girlfriend who claims the baby is his and whose father will stop at nothing to find him and either kill him or force him into a shotgun wedding. This book is an SF reading. actor's dream book. On stage and in the stars! Stasheffs wit is at its usual best, and the book grabs from page one and carries us through to the thrilling end. I look forward to the next installment! -Daryl F. Mallett Stirling, S. M. & David Drake. The GeneraL New York: Baen Books, February 1991, 327 p., paper, $4.50; ISBN 0-671-72037-6. THE FORGE #1. Eleven centuries after the last faster-than-light contact with the rest of the galaxy, the planet Bellview is a mere remnant of the highly developed, technological civilization it once was. The gradual decay of society has left the world with a few electrical generators and a smattering of gas-fueled, armored dunebuggies, but few other remnants of its former glory. Weaponry is Civil War vintage: cannons, muskets, and carbines. Instead of horses, enormous dogs are the primary source of transport and muscle. The surviving political power blocs are decidedly racist. The Civil Goverrunent has a Boer/white-settler mentality. The Skinners are seen as breech-clothed, bronzed savages, the Islamic Coalition are known as "rag-heads," and blacks are derisively referred to as "wogs." Slavery is endemic and accepted. The Civil Goverrunent's theology is essentially computer worship and other groups-religions are stereotyped along racial lines. While exploring the catacombs beneath the capital city of Bellview, Stirling and Drake's title character, Captain Whitehall, a twenty five year old nobleman in the service of the Civil Goverrunent, comes across a long forgotten, sentient battle computer. The computer somehow fuses with Whitehall, making him, in effect, its human extension. Aided by his inner ally, or "angel" as he calls the computer, Whitehall now possesses unparalleled military genius. He sets out to unite Bellview under the Civil Goverrunent as the first step on the road to a return to the stars. What ensues is a tale of nation building. Stirling and Drake's idea of nationhood, we soon discover, develops out of war. Their strategy and tactics remind me of several Civil War battles. In fact, I've not read such compelling battlefield action since Michael Shaara's The Killer Angels. There is also plenty of explicit violence which, like the book's racism, won't be to everyone's taste, but which is entirely appropriate to the tone ofthe work at hand. My only major criticism of The Generalinvolves the book's computer centered theology and the way' computer components are treated like icons and amulets. It beggars credibility that people who could transit the stars would fall to such a uniform level of superstition and ignorance without having first undergone some apocalyptic, planet-leveling experience. In spite of this problem, the book's plusses more than compensate. I eagerly await the general's next campaign. -Gordon Satorius 88

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SFRA Revle .... 210, March I April 1994 Strieber. Whitley. The Wild New York: Tor Books. A Tom Doherty Associates Book. April 1991. 378 p . paper. $5.95; ISBN 0-812-51277-4. Reworking; of the werewolf mythos have been popular of late. some memorable titles including McCammon's The Wolfs Hour. Sackett's Mark of the Werewolf, and Somtows Moon Dance. Strieber's latest addition to the werewolf pantheon. however. falls short of the vision achieved not only by these novels but by his own earlier werewolf treatment. The Woffen--in addition to being a disappointment after last year's excellent psychological thriller. BiUy. In The Wild, Strieber's premise is that the noble savagery of the "wolf clan" is being wiped out by Man in hisinfinite wisdom. forcing the clan to retaliate by seducing humans into wolf form "to gain the power of the human mind" for the pack. All of this is revealed by the "last of the Mohicans," Joe Running Fox. who conveniently appears two-thirds of the way into the novel to supposedly bring some sense to a pretty senseless plot. In this case. the wolves could've chosen better. In human form. Robert Duke is an overweight. simpering computer consultant on the verge of financial ruin. In his wolf torm. don't change much: first he is nearly sacrificed in a voodoo ritual at the city pound. then later is forced into sexual submission by a wolf pack at the Canadian border. Duke's volatile "hawk" wife Cindy and precocious "owl boy" son Kevin (whose relentless evocations of Kafka's Metamorphosis are the fictive equivalent of being beaten with a club) only complicate matters as they melodramatically abandon city life to track the transformed Bob Duke. aided by their drunken but well-meaning Indian guide. To be fair. some of the wolf scenes are moderately readable. but this doesn't compensate for the author making every human in his novel appear a fool. Further. Strieber writes himself into a corner where he must finally transform both mother and son into wolves too-the alternative being returning them to a Manhattan where they're financially sunk and living in the street as well as being husbandand fatherless. Thus the reader is left (instead of experiencing the closure and apotheosis Strieber evidently intends) feeling that the already-shaky plot has just given up and died under the weight of this final affront to humanity. -Joseph M. Dudley Sturgis. Susanna J . editor. Tales of Realism by Women: Dreams in a Minor Key. Freedom. CA: The Crossing Press. 1991.235 p . $10.95; ISBN 089594-475-X. In Tales of Magic _Realism by Women: Dreams in a Minor Key. Sturgis has compiled an excellent collection of stories for those who enjoy well-written literary fantasies. The themes are clearly women's issues-growing up. fathers and daUghters. broken relationships. discontented homemakers. lost roots, on-the-job problems. Characterization is strong. are well-developed, frequently recognizable-Brooklyn. the Bronx. a sleazy motel, a grand hotel, an artist's studio. a western museum. However, here the verisimilitude stops 89

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STRA Renew'210, March/Aprl11994 for this is magic realism. a term. Sturgis tells us. that was invented by English speaking reviewers of Latin American surrealists. Plots move with dreamlike irregularity. Characters behave in disturbed. highly idiosyncratic and emotional ways. Events mayor may not be magical. The viewpoint character mayor may not be insane. The narrator is limited and no longer privileged to the truth. The reader. distanced from the text by a sudden inability to suspend disbelief. goes back. rereads. trying to establish a line of psychological truth. if not cause-and-effect reality. Meaning becomes a personal experience. The anthology consists of fourteen short stories and a novella. One fine story. Alcina Lubitch Domecq's "Bottles." has been translated from the Spanish. Other highlights include strong stories by genre writers Kristine Kathryn Rusch. "Heading West" and Mary Rosenblum. "In Unison. Softly." both tales of paranormal experiences that are laced with feminist concerns. In Kathleen J. Alcala's tale. "Flora's Complaint." a discontented housewife is accompanied to her ultimate reward by an enormous. enigmatic. black swan. only to find that the afterlife is not the stars and crown she had planned for. Lucy Sussex's story. "The Man Hanged Upside Down" tackles the problems oflove. creativity. fame. and jealousy when habile. an art critic. tries sympathetic magic to save a sick friend. Also contained in Tales of Magic Realism by Women are short stories by Valerie Nieman Colander. Rosalind Warren. Gwynne Garfinkle. Ellen Gruber Garvey. Lorraine Schein. Kathleen de Azevedo. Lianne Elizabeth Mercer. Stephanie T. Hoppe. and Conda V. Douglas. The anthology concludes with Batya Weinbaum's novella. "Bapka in Brooklyn." In this surrealistic vision. Bapka searches for her Jewish roots following her grandfather'S death. and uncovers repressed memories of childhood incest and sexual abuse. Are the fantastic events of Bapka's uncovery merely a psychotic episode brought on by remembering the abuse or can Bapka's dead grandfather really grant wishes and send down cake and ice cream from heaven? It's all up to you. As in poetry. the beauty of these stories rests heavily on reader response. They are as real or as magical as each reader will allow. -Sandra J. Lindow Thompson. W. R. Star Trek: The Next Generation: Debtor's Planet. New York. London: Pocket Books. May 1994.274 p .. paper. $5.50; ISBN 0-67188341-0. STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION #30. Debtor's Planet is the thirtieth book in the STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION series and is a fairly typical example of the lot. with a few exceptional and a few not-so-exceptional points. A Vulcan space probe. in scanning the planet Megara. discovers that what should have been a primitive planet is now registering to sensors as industrialized and while transmitting this data is destroyed by a Ferengi warship. The Enterprise is dispatched to investigate with the help of the United Federation of Planets' foremost expert on Ferengi business practices: Ambassador Ralph Offenhouse. the twentieth-century businessman. What follows is the usual blend of adventure. soul-searching. mystery. humor that we have come to expect from a STAR TREK: THE NEXT GENERATION novel. 90

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SFRA Rene .. '210, March/Aprll1994 On the bright side. the characterization is vel}" good. especially for Offenhouse. Riker. Geordi. Wesley. Shrev (an alien ensign). and. of all people. Alexander Rozhenko. It is unfortunate that actor Brian Bonsall is never given roles this good on the television series. It is also unfortunate that this book was released right after Wesley Crusher was written out of the show. The other good point is Thompson's sense of humor. Riker's attempts to force Worf to laugh are great. as IS the event wliich eventually does the trick. On the down side. several of the ideas in Debtor's Planet seem very simplistic. for instance. the twenty-fourth century economists/sociologists cannot understand the Ferengi. yet your average twentieth-century businessman has no problems with unscrupulousness. cheating. lying. conniving. and all the other charming aspects which make up business practices. Furthermore. even considering who the ambassador is. It is unlikely that so much of the twenty-fourth century should be so influenced by the twentieth. Overall. this is your basic good Star Trek: The Next Generation book; if you read the other books in the series. you won't be disappointed. If you need something to read on the plane. this would be a fantastic choice. If you are attempting to "turn someone on to science fiction." you might want to try something else in the series. for instance.lmzadior Metamorphosis. -Oint Zehner Tilton. Lois. Star Trek: Deep Space Nine: Betrayal New York. London: Pocket Books. May 1994.280 p .. paper. $5.50; ISBN 0-671-88117-5. STAR TREK: DEEP SPACE NINE #6. Tilton joins the ranks of "name" writers involved in the STAR TREK universe with Betrayal When ambassadors from around the universe converge on DS9 to open diplomatic and trade negotiations with Bajor. Commander Benjamin Sisko. Major Kira Nerys. and the rest of the DS9 crew find themselves confronted by treachery. sabotage. and ... of course. Cardassians. A coup has been staged in the Cardassian Empire. The nasty but familiar Gul Dukat is missing and a new Gul. Marak. arrives at DS9 claiming the station and the wormhole. Add Nog and Ferengi mischief. a renegade Cardassian on the station. Kira's suspicions of the friendly Garak. Bajoran terrorists. monks. and crazed ambassadors. not to mention the usually malfunctioning station. and Sisko has his hands more than full. Very exciting. very well-paced. characterization ... that's why Tilton is a "name" writer. nice action. nice -Daryl F. Mallett 91

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92 S'RA Renew'210, March/April 1994 IN MEMDRIAM: Claire Parman Brown, writer, d. 11/6/1993 William C. Brinkley, author, d. 11/22/1993 Anthony Burgess, author, 2/25/1917-11/25/1993

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SFRA Rel"lew'210, March/Aprll1994 The SFRA is the oldest professional organization for the study of science fiction, fantasy, and horror/Gothic literature and film, and utopian studies. Founded in 1970, the SFRA was organized to improve classroom teaching, encourage and assist scholarship, and evaluate and publicize new books and magazines dealing with fantastic literature and film. Among the membership are people from many countries--authors, editors, publishers, librarians, students, teachers, and other interested readers. Academic affiliation is not a requirement for membership. SFRA BENEFITS INCLUDE: Extrapolation. Quarterly magazine; the oldest journal in the field, with critical. historical, and bibliographical articles, book reviews, letters, occasional special topic issues, annual index. Science-Fiction Studies. Trimesterly magazine; includes critical, historical, and bibliographical articles, review articles, reviews, notes, letters, international coverage with abstracts in French and English, annual index. SFRA Review. Bimonthly magazine; an organ of the SFRA, this magazine includes extensive book reviews of both nonfiction and fiction, review articles, listings of new and forthcoming books, letters, SFRA internal affairs, calls for papers, works in progress, media reviews, etc., annual index. SFRA Directory. Annual directory; lists members' names and addresses, phone numbers, special interests. Foundation. (For an added fee). Trimesterly magazine. Discount on subscription price; includes critical, historical, and bibliographical articles, reviews, letters. AS A MEMBER YOU ARE ALSO INVITED TO: Attend our annual meetings, held in a different location each year. Members and guests-many of them professional writers-present papers, share information, and discuss common interests, all in a relaxed, informal environment. Much of the significant scholarly literature, available at discounted prices, is displayed. The Pilgrim and Pioneer Awards for distinguished contributions to SF or fantasy scholarship are presented at a dinner meeting. Participate in the Association's activities. Vote in elections, serve on committees, hold office, and contribute reviews to SFRA Review. Join the SFRA section on GEnie, where the SFRT (SF Round Table) has a private category where SFRA category where SFRA members meet in "cyberspace" to conduct business, exchange information, or enjoy real-time discussions. Contribute to the "Support a Scholar" program. SFRA members help needy young scholars here and overseas continue their study of SF/F. [Annual membership dues cover only the actual costs of providing benefits to members, and reflect a modest savings over subscriptions to the pUblications listed above. Your dues may be a tax deductible expense.] 93

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SFRA Revle" 1210, MarchI April 1994 SFRA MEMBERSHIP APPLICATIDN Please mail this completed form with your check for dues, payable to SFRA, in U.S. dollars only, please, to: Robert J. Ewald, SFRA Treasurer; 552 W. Uncoln Street; Findlay, OH 45840. Dues: U.S.A. Canada Overseas Individual l $60 $65 $70 Dues Joint 2 $70 $75 $80 Student 3 $50 $55 $60 Other Instituion 4 $80 $80 $80 Emeritus 5 $30 $35 $40 Total If you wish to receive the British journal Foundation (3 iss./year), add $17 ($20 for airmail). 1 2 all standard listed benefits two members in the same household; two listings in the Directory listings, but will receive one set of journals 3 4 5 category may hp. llsed for a maximum of five years all priveleg..: .. .::xcept voting receives SFRA Reviewand Directory This membership is for the calen ... ar year 1994. This information will appear in the 1994 SFRA Directory. Name: Mailing address: Homephone: ____________________________________________ __ __________________________________________ Faxnumber: ____________________________________________ Bitnet/Genie/other numbers: __________________________________ My principal interests in fantastic literature are (limit to 30 words): ___ Repeat last year's entry. 94


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