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Title:
SFRA Review
Alternate Title:
Science Fiction Research Association Review
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Serial
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English
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Science Fiction Research Association
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Science Fiction Research Association
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Eugene, Ore
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Science fiction -- History and criticism   ( lcsh )
Fantasy fiction -- History and criticism -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Science fiction -- Book reviews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
Fantasy fiction -- Book reviews -- Periodicals   ( lcsh )
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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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usfldc doi - S67-00107-n221-1996-01_02
usfldc handle - s67.107
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SFS0024513:00107


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P3;(;I Review == Issue #221, January/February 1996 IN THIS ISSUE: SFRA INTERNAL AFFAIRS: Letters .................................................................................... 5 Corrections .......................................................................... 8 Membership Directory Updates ......................................... 9 Editorial (Sisson) ................................................................. 9 NEWS AND INFORMATION ............................. 11 CURRENT & FORTHCOMING BOOKS ................ 17 FEATURES Feature Review: "The Many Forms of Clute" (Stevens) ........................................................................ 19 Special Feature: "The Year's Best: 1994 in Review": Datlow, Ellen & Terri Windling (Editors). The Year's Best Fantasy and Horror: Eighth Annual Collection. (Lindow) .................................................. 23 Dozois, Gardner (Editor). The Year's Best Science Fiction, Twelfth Annual Collection. (Williams) ....... 27 REVIEWS: Nonfiction: Aldiss, Brian W. The Detached Retina: Aspects of SF and Fantasy. (Ewald) ................................................... 29 Davidson, Cathy N. & Linda Wagner-Martin (Eds). The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States. (Barron) ................................................ 30 Fabian, Stephen E. Stephen E. Fabian's Women & Wonders. (Albert) ........................................................ 31 Hughey, Ann Conolly. Edmund Dulac: His Book Illustrations. (Albert) ................................................. 32 Lustig, T.]. Henry James and the Ghostly. (Baker) ...... 34 Parish, James Robert. Ghosts and Angels in Hollywood Films: Plots, Critiques, Casts and Credits for 264 Theatrical and Made-forTelevision Releases. (Klossner) ....................................................................... 35 Ramsland, Katherine. The Witches' Companion: The Official Guide to Anne Rice's Lives of the Mayfair Witches. (Bousfield) ..................................................... 36 Ringel, Faye. New England's Gothic Literature: History and Folklore of the Supernatural From the Seventeenth Through the Twentieth Centuries. (Kaveny) ......................................................................... 38 SFRA Review#221, page 1

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Fiction: Butler, Octavia. Blood Child: Novellas and Stories. (Marchesani) .................................................................. 40 Lethem, Jonathan. Amnesia Moon. (Kelleghan) .......... 42 Nagata, Linda. The Bohr Maker. (Macri) ....................... 44 Pearlman, Daniel. The Final Dream & Other Fictions. (Stevens) ........................................................................ 46 Pellegrino, Charles and George Zebrowski. The Killing Star. (Levy) ....................................................... 46 Index of 1995 Reviews .................................. 49 Publishers' Addresses ................................... 57 SFRA Membership Information/Application .... 59 SFRA Review #221, page 2

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GijfJI Review Editor Amy Sisson Assistant Editor Paul Abell Assistant Nonfiction Editor -B. Diane Miller SFRA Review (ISSN 1068-395X) is published 6 times per year by the Science Fiction Research Association (SFRA) and distributed to SFRA members. Individual issues are not for sale. For information on the SFRA, see the description and applica tion at the back of this issue. Please submit reviews, news items, and letters to Amy Sisson, SFRA Review, 3845 Harrison St. #103, Oakland CA 94611; telephone (510) 655-3711; e-mail "sfraamy@ao1.com". Submissions are acceptable in any format: hard-copy, e-mail, Macintosh disk (Microsoft Word, Microsoft Works, or saved as text-only), or IBM disk (saved as text-only or ASCII). Please note the SFRA Review has an agreement with the Science Fiction & Fantasy Book Review Annual (Robert Collins & Michael M. Levy, Eds.) under which reviews are exchanged between publications. If you do not wish your review to be submitted to the Annual, please indicate the same. Typeset by Amy Sisson on a Macintosh Performa 6205CD. Cover design by David Garcia of Sir Speedy. Printed by Sir Speedy, Oakland, California. SFRA Executive Committee PRESIDENT joe Sanders 6354 Brooks Blvd. Mentor OH 44060 SECRETARY joan Gordon 1 Tulip Lane Commack NY 11725 VICE PRESIDENT Milton Wolf University Library/322 Univ. of Nevada Reno Reno NV 89557-0044 TREASURER Robert j. Ewald 552 W. Lincoln St. Findlay OH 45840 IMMEDIATE PAST PRESIDENT David G. Mead 6021 Grassmere5 Corpus Christi TX 78415 SFRA Review #221, page 3

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1996 SFRA Annual Conference Eau Claire, Wisconsin -June 20-23, 1996 Janice Bogstad, Phil Kaveny, Michael Levy The 1996 meeting of the Science Fiction Research Associa tion will be hosted by the University ofWisconsin-Eau Claire at the Holiday Inn-Campus Areas at 2703 Craig Road, Eau Claire, WI on June 20-23, 1996. Our guests of honor are Pamela Sargent, author of Shore of Women and Venus of Dreams and editor of the Women of Wonder anthology series, and George Zebrowski, author of Macrolife and Stranger Sun and co-author of The Killing Star. Other attending guests include novel ists Joan Slonczewski and Eleanor Arnason, as well as noted futurist Earl Joseph. Further guests will be announced as their attendance is confirmed. Our conference theme is SF and the Writer-Editor-Critic. Pamela Sargent and George Zebrowski have both had considerable success in all three of these areas. We're thus interested in receiving papers not only on our GORs' fiction, but also on their work as anthologists and critics, as well as on the ways in which the fiction, criticism, and editing activities of other writers have interacted. Other topics we're particularly interested in seeing papers on include the fiction of our other guests, children's and young-adult science fiction, alternative history, gender and science fiction, and alternative futures, both posi tive and negative. The deadline for submitting abstracts on papers is March 1, 1996. Please send all submissions to Michael M. Levy, Chair of Programming, 1996 SFRA Annual Meeting, Department of English, University of Wisconsin-Stout, Menomonie, WI 54751; home phone 715-834-6533; fax 715-232-1346; e-mail "levym@ uwstout.edu" For registration materials and other information write to: SFRA Annual Meeting, College of Arts and Sciences Outreach, University of WisconsinEau Claire, Eau Claire, WI 54702-4004; phone 715-836-2031, fa.x 715-836-2380, e-mail "sneenl@ uwec.edu". SFRA Review #221, page 4

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1M3i41 Internal Affairs == LETTERS Gender. Multiculturalism and Other Shibboleths The review of my Anatomy of Wonder 4 by fellow librarians Philip Kaveny and Janice Bogstad in issue #218 raises some questions that I think need fuller examination, since they are implicit or explicit in too much of the critical writing about literature generally and SF in particular. The views expressed here are mine alone, although some may be shared by other contributors, who have not seen this letter previously. A lot has changed since my initial article in 1970 led to the first edition of Anatomy in 1976, which in retrospect I regard as a well-meaning but flawed attempt to survey SF past and present. Choice and the ALA judged it much more highly than I did then and certainly do now. The second edition in 1981 was a lot closer to what I originally had in mind, as was the third in 1987, both of which provided the most detailed coverage in English of SF not translated into English 206 pages covering 13 languages in AOW3. In the preface to AOW4 I acknowledged the help of about 60 individuals, four of them women, a gender imbalance I discuss later. The reviewers argue that "Perspectives have changed and our expectations have evolved with them," a commonplace observation that leads to conclusions I judge erroneous. The conclusions center around two principal areas of dispute, gender and multiculturalism. It's been long established that women were strongly discriminated against in SF published prior to, say, about 1960, especially in the American pulps, which attracted a heavily male, often adolescent audience. (The Locus reader surveys still indicate a 70/30 male/female readership, although how typical the Locus reader is I can't say.) Pseudonyms (James Tiptree, Jr.), androgynous names (Andre Norton), and ambiguous names (C.L. Moore) were common disguises. The contributors to all four editions were well aware of this and mentioned it when appropriate in their critical introductions. But one of my editorial guidelines for all editions was to se-SFRA Review #221, page 5

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lect the best, better or historically important works, origi nally in English, later in English and in 13 foreign languages, regardless of the gender of the authors. Books were selected, not authors. As I also repeatedly noted, personal judgment inevitably played a large role in which books were selected (beyond one or two hundred works on which there is a moderate con sensus) -and, of course, which authors. One statement I vigorously dispute: "Over the years many explanations have been given for why women do not appear in such bibliogra phies [not limited to AOW], but the overriding correlation is always between the gender of the individual making the se lections and the selections that are made." This is ascribed to the differing perspective of male editors/contributors and to definitional differences. Yes, men have differing perspec tives from women, and vice versa, but what Kaveny & Bogstad appear to be saying is that this is not merely undesirable but is a potential bias that cannot be allowed for by the contribu tor. If this is what they are saying, let them make their case rather than advance an unsupported assertion. I resent this implication and would guess the contributors do, too. Because AOW is primarily a guide to books rather than to their authors, I added a lengthy list that tabulates which of ten reference works likely to be in large library collections provide more biocritical information about the 595 authors of fiction whose works were annotated. I chose these works not simply because of their relatively wide availability but because of their reliability. This is precisely why I rejected a tendentious work like Yntema's More Than 100, which I dis missed in SFRA Newsletter #161 (October 1988), reprinted in the Science Fiction and Fantasy Book Review Annual 1989, to which I refer readers. Yntema selected her subjects be cause they were women, lesbians or both, not necessarily because their books or uncollected fiction had intrinsic merit (relatively little did). I said a far better guide was the 1986 edition of Twentieth-Century Science-Fiction Writers, which profiled 73 female writers -and all the major ones then -out of about 600 total writers, and cited the 1991 edition in my tabulation. That Kaveny-Bogstad would fault me for not including such a shoddy piece of work betrays a gender bias of their own. (For the record, Freedom House says More Than 100 is out of print; the only in-print books by Yntema deal with vegetarianism.) This bias is also evident in their sugges tion that there be more annotations of books by women (e.g., SFRA Review#221, page 6

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Charnas, Butler, R.M. Meluch, Megan Lindholm, Rachel Pol lack), whose works are claimed to "have become so significant in the '90s." They "suspect" that "obscurity" was far more commonly applied to female than male authors. Rub bish. It was the quality of the work that was judged, not the gender of its author. I suspect the proportion of hack work by women is fully equal to that by men. A lot of the works on preliminary lists were judged weaker and eliminated in the course of selection by contributors and readers (yes, all male). If one of my contributors to the chapter on the modern period (1964+) had happened to be female, I am sure her selec tions would have been different, because of gender and that unavoidable element of personal judgment. But necessarily better or more balanced? To even suggest this is the most deplorable sexism, demonizing males, sanctifying females. Now to that murky topic of multiculturalism, which one of my dictionaries defines as "the preservation of different cultures or cultural identities within a society, state, or nation. [1960-65]." This is alleged to be a "blind spot" on our part, this in a book in which alien cultures are commonplace and cultural relativism a political necessary. Only three authors are cited, one of them a Frank Chin. Where, indeed, is Frank Chin, and who is he? You've got me there. I sense that the reviewers think Chin was omitted because there might, just might, be a subtle, unacknowledged bias against a (presumably) Chinese or Chinese-American author. Right. We didn't discuss why there are so few black SF writers partly because I think no one knows. Our 1981 Pilgrim, Sam Moskowitz, wrote "The Negro in Science Fiction" in the May 1967 World of Tomorrow (a Pilgrim indeed), but this does not directly address the question. Any competent book reviewer of a later edition should at least note the prinCipal changes from the earlier edition. Nowhere is the complete omission ofcoverage of untransla ted SF in AOW4 even mentioned, which I would assume at least tangentially involves multiculturalism. The reasons for the omission are briefly explained in the book and more fully in a letter to Art Evans, who reviews AOW4 in the July 1995 S-FS and lamented the omission in detail. None of the reasons were even remotely linked to the red herring of multiculturalism. In summary, reviewers should provide their readers with as balanced an assessment as they can. The Kaveny-Bogstad SFRA Review #221, page 7

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review is an excellent case of political correctness masquerading as scholarship. Neil Barron [Readers desiring to personally judge the merits of AOW4 can save themselves some money. After review copies of the $52 hardcover had been mailed, it was decided to offer a $29.95 trade paperback, ISBN 0-8352-3684-6, by prepaid direct mail only. To order by credit card, call toll-free 1-80052l-8110, #1, and ask for operator CIL. AOW3 is no longer available. -NB] Correction on Charlotte Perkins Gilman review In my review in SFRAR #216 of Kessler's Charlotte Perkins Gilman I misquoted a passage from a review by Arthur Lewis. I stated that Lewis considered Gilman equal as a utopian writer with "Bacon, Bellamy,Campanella, More, Morris, Plato, and Wells." Not so. In his review in SFRAR #215 Lewis only stated the utopians listed as subjects of part of the book he reviewed. Although Lewis considered the list "easily supportable," he did not mean to suggest that Gilman's writings had been as significant in effect as those of the other utopian writers on the list. He would recognize Le Guin and Piercy as more important contemporary writers than Gilman was. Please, let's not set up a new debate about relative importance! All us animals are equal here. Michael Orth CORRECTIONS The Pioneer Award presentation speech printed in #219 was actually written by Brooks Landon, although presented by Joe Sanders. My apologies to Brooks. In the same issue, the first paragraph of the Executive Com mittee Meeting minutes should have noted that David Mead, Immediate Past President, was also present. In issue #220, the review of Domna Pastourmatzi's [Greek] Bibliography of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror: 19601993 should have included the ISBN, 960-76412-00-0. My personal favorite correction: The 1995 annual direcSFRA Review#221, page 8

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tory lists Neil Easterbrook's interests as including "Porno SF." This should have been "Postmodern SF," which Neil apparently abbreviated as "Posmo SF" on his membership form. Sorry, Neil, and thanks for having a sense of humor! And finally, a correction on the corrections: I meant for several of these correction items to appear in issue #220, but overlooked them in the last rush of preparing the issue for the printer. Apologies to those involved, and thank you for your patience. Amy Sisson MEMBERSHIP DIRECTORY CORRECTIONS/UPDATES For Michael Morrison, the e-mail address should be "morrison@phyast.nhn.uoknor.edu", not nmn. (William) Clyde Wilcox's new address is 1653 Trap Road, Vienna VA 22182. EDITORIAL By the time you receive thiS, you should be through the annual holiday blitz and ready to start off the new year. In that spirit, with this issue we have a new cover, designed by David Garcia of Sir Speedy, in a new color. I'm also working on a new computer, because myoId one decided that six years of constant service was enough. I apologize for not having a President's Message in this issue. Joe and I somehow crossed wires as to when it was due, which I suspect was more my fault than his. We'll be having a Executive Committee meeting at the end of January via conference call, and hopefully we'll have the meeting minutes in time to include in #222. I hope you had a safe and happy holiday season. I have high hopes for 1996 on both a personal and professional level, and wish you all the best in the New Year. Happy Reading, Amy SFRA Review #221, page 9

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This is a partial list of the footage available from the 1995 SFRA CONFERENCE; more will be made available as soon as the master tapes are converted to a different format. "The Atomic Bomb & the END of WWII" (AI Berger) Opening Ceremonies (Charles Wood, Chair of UND Space Studies; GoH John Brunner; Bruce Farr; Diane Miller; Lisa Mason's "The Elephant and the Netcruiser"; slides how from Artist GoH Robert Pasternak) "Writing Genre Literature" (Jeffrey Carver, John Brunner, Amy Thomson, Ben Bova) "Are Women Taking Over SF and Why Would They Want To?" (Lisa Mason, John Brunner, Amy Thomson, Lynn Williams, Jeffrey Carver) "What Makes a Classic?" (Neil Barron, Ben Bova, Frederik Pohl, Donna Camoesas, Batya Weinbaum) "The State of International SF" (Larisa Mihaylova, Ariane von Orlow, Janice Bogstad, Andrea Bell) "Sex and SF (Has Moral Decay Hit the Lit?)" (Jeffrey Carver, Eleanor Amason, Sandra Lindow, Amy Thomson, Margaret McBride) "Teaching Literature Through Films War of the Worlds, Blade Runner, Dune (Robert Blackwood) "The State of the Art in Teaching SF" (James Gunn, Jeffrey Carver, Margaret McBride, Christian Moraru) Tapes are $22 each; please send orders to Shawn Miller c/o Diane Miller (1402 4th Ave. N., Grand Forks ND 58203-3145) specifying which footage you want. There will also be a memorial tape of John Brunner, featuring digitized photos by Robert Blackwood and possi bly a photo composition of John's work. SFRA Review #221, page 10

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Information CALLS FOR PAPERS For an anthology in the Greenwood Press series of Studies in Science Fiction and Fantasy, titled Peering Into Darkness: Race and Color in Fantastic Literature, I am seeking papers on any aspect of race and color coding in science fiction, fantasy, and horror. Papers on Tolkien, Silverberg, H.G. Wells, Stoker, Rice, Le Guin, and any cyberpunk novel are particularly welcome. Please send proposals (500 words) or papers (no more. than 20 pages) by March 1 to Elisabeth Leonard, Department of English, Kent State University, P.O.Box 5190, Kent OH 44242-0001. E-mail questions to "eleonard@phoenix.kent.edu". Elisabeth Anne Leonard, Teaching Fellow, Kent State University The 1996 Eaton Conference on Science Fiction and Fan tasy, to be held in Riverside, California on April 12-14, 1996, will ad
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Diane Parkin. The Pioneer Award is given to the writer or writers of the best critical essay-length work of the year. Please send nomination suggestions to: joe Sanders, 6354 Brooks Blvd., Mentor OH 44060; e-mail: .. joesanders@aol.com ... Finally, committee members for the newly-created Clareson Award have been named: Alice Clareson (Chair), Art Lewis, and james Gunn. This award will recognize lifetime service in science fiction and fantasy. Please send suggestions to: Alice Clareson, 2223 Friar Tuck Circle, Wooster OH 44691. The deadline for submitting nominations is February 15, 1996. All three awards will be presented in june at the SFRA Annual Conference in Eau Claire, Wisconsin. SECONDARY SCHOOL SF ANTHOLOGY BEING PLANNED David Mead and Muriel Becker are still seeking assistance in planning a new anthology of SF aimed at grades 6-10. They would like to know if you have a favorite short story from your reading at ages 12-15, a story that made you want to read more SF. If you do, please contact Dave Mead via e-mail at "David-Mead@tamucc.edu" or "Davem43@aol.com", or via snail mail at David Mead, English, Texas A&M University-Cor pus Christi, Corpus Christi, Texas 78412. David Mead FORTHCOMING TRIBUTE TO ZELAZNY'S AMBER The Complete Amber Sourcebook, by Theodore Krulik, is scheduled to be published by Avon Books in january 1996. The book, at approximately 575 pages, will contain biogra phies of all major and minor characters in the series, descrip tions of major sites in all the Shadow worlds, explanations of Amber cards and symbols, and descriptions of the creatures inhabiting Amber. Author Theodore Krulik writes: Roger Zelazny had worked with me enthusiastically on the Sourcebook since I first discussed it with him in October 1985. He took the idea to his editor at Avon Books, john Douglas, and john subsequently contacted me. I signed the contract for my proposed work in 1986, and the project began in earnest. I finally completed SFRA Review #221, page 12

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the nearly 1,500-page typed manuscript in August of 1994. Besides careful study of the entire Amber series, I researched a wide variety of areas, including linguistics, Roman and Medieval history, coins, natural geography, and myths. Roger permitted me to explore possibilities about Amber and environs that he merely glossed over in his novels. As I completed my "entries" for the Sourcebook, Roger received copies, revising and correct ing as needed. Thus, the Sourcebook has been completely verified by Roger and had met with his approval at the time the manuscript was finished. In a sense, this project is another aspect of Roger Zelazny's great legacy to us all. Roger Zelazny died on June 14, 1995, of kidney failure caused by canter. He was 58. SILENT AUCTION ITEMS STILL AVAILABLE Many books remain from the silent auction held at the conference in Grand Forks. For a list of the items available and their prices (roughly half of list price), send SASE to Neil Barron, 1149 Lime Place, Vista CA 92083. Neil Barron AS/MOV'S AND ANALOG IN THE CLASSROOM Meghan Germinder, Promotion Manager of Dell Magazines, sent a mailing to "science fiction educators" offering a free one-year subscription to either Asimov's or Analog with ev ery five student subscriptions collected. If you did not re ceive this mailing and wish to take advantage of it, or simply want more information, contact Ms. Germinder at (212) 7828588, or write to her at Dell Magazines, 1540 Broadway, New York NY 10036. SF ON CDs Cheryl LaGuardia's "CD-ROM Review" in the July 1995 issue of Library Journal reviews several CD versions of books, including two genre titles. The Essential Frankenstein con-SFRA Review#221, page 13

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tains the annotated full text of the original ISIS edition, with clips from various Frankenstein movies, stills, animation, a game, and a video interview with Leonard Wolf, a reported "Frankenstein expert." The other genre title is Kurt Vonnegut's Slaughterhouse Five, containing the novel's full text, video interviews with the author, audio commentary, photographs, and drawings. Both are available from Byron Preiss Multime dia, at SOO-4S2-3766. ON THE NET ... To receive an e-mail version of David Langford's Ansible each month, send a message with the single word "subscribe" to: "ansible-request@dcs.gla.ac.uk" (do not use quote marks). According to the Chronicle of Higher Education (October 20), "piper-I, for discussing the works of s-f writer H. Beam Piper, is available from listserv@indian.dc.lsoft.com". THE BEIJING WOMEN'S CONFERENCE: A REPORT On September 4, I was invited to go, with Betty Anne Hull, to dinner with the author and professor, Yan Wu, who had also organized a small informal meeting with local Chinese science fiction authors, editors, and an artist. The meeting was in Yan Wu's flat, on the fourth floor of a large apartment building. In addition to Yan Wu, who has written many books and stories, there was also a woman named Wang Xioa, the editor of the Chinese SF magazine Science Fiction World (Ke Huan xi jieh). The authors present were all quite young, in cluding Yang Peng, Jin Lin-hui, Hsing He, Su Hsueh-chan, Jiang Jien-li and Yueh Lei. We talked about our favorite authors and about how science fiction was different in the U.S. and China. When I introduced myself with my Chinese name, Bao Da-jin, it turns out I have exchanged books and letters with some of them Yan Wu had sent me Chinese SF in exchange for cyberpunk novels (which he said he had a great deal of trouble understanding). Betty was asked to give an informal lecture, and she talked about science fiction that deals with women's equality and especially reproductive rights. She quoted statistics showing that women who are better educated manage their own fertility, and mentioned science fictional treatments of fertility problems and dystopian and utopian visions of overpopulation. SFRA Review #221, page 14

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The writers asked for ideas on science fiction, but Betty said that they were the future, being younger than us, and we looked to them to give us ideas. I tried to talk to them in Chinese when they had trouble understanding a concept, but for the most part Yan Wu translated what Betty said. This was fascinating for me as I heard both the English and the Chinese versions, and learned a lot of new Chinese words, including the word for "virtual reality," which uses the character "empty" or Hsu to result in the phrase "Empty Reality." The authors identified two problems with current Chinese science fiction. The first is that science fiction is not as popular now as it was in the 1980s because it is identified with science, which is not as popular a career as it was in the '80s (business careers are far more popular). Wang Xioa also felt that Chinese SF is like 1950s American SF in that it is lacking in character development. We ended the discussion by talking about writing in English versus Chinese on word processors. Betty and I both said that word processors help our writing speed for nonfic tion, and they are used by many SF writers who work in Western languages. Chinese word processors are much better than they were just a few years ago -I have used them myself -but they are always much slower than Western-language processors because the writer has to choose the right character or combination of characters from among a number of choices. In practice, this is much slower than writing Chinese by hand. Janice M. Bogstad SFRA Review#221, page 15

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The Proceedings of the 1993 Science Fiction Research Association Conference is now available from Borgo Press. Learn why the Sci Fi Channel, as well as NBC and CBS affiliates, covered part or all of the SFRA conference held in Reno, Nevada. Featuring some o\" science fiction's well-known authors: 1) Frederik Pohl's "The Imaginative Future" 2) Kim Stanley Robinson's "Science Fiction as Fantasy" 3) .loan Slonczewski's "Bells and Time" 4) Poul Anderson's "Epistle to SFRAans" 5) Lisa Goldstein's "The Imaginative Future" 6) james Gunn's "Imagining the Future" And some of science fiction's established scholars: 1) Gary Westfahl's "In Research of Wonder: The Future of Science Fiction Criticism" 2) Susan Stone-Blackburn's "Feminist Nurturers and Psychic Healers" 3) Rob Latham's "Youth Culture and Cybernetic Technologies" 4) Bud Foote's "Kim Stanley Robinson: Premodernist" 5) Anne Balsamo's "Signal to Noise: On the Meaning of Cyberpunk Subculture" 6) Mark Waldo's "Mary Shelley's Machines in the Garden" 7) Donald M. Hassler's "Machen, Williams and Autobiography: Fantasy and Decadence" If you like HUMOR and want some good SF laughs: 1) Fiona Kelleghan's "Humor in Science Fiction" is not only excellent scholarship, but a HOWL! 2) Paul joseph's and Sharon Carton's "Perry Mason in Space: A Call For More Inventive Lawyers in Television Science Fiction" is a provocative and highly entertaining examination by two lawyers. 3) Dr. JoAnne Pransky's "Social Adjustments to a RobotiC Future" is a tongue-in-cheek tour de force by this self-styled ROBOTIC PSYCHIATRIST, ala Susan Calvin. And if you like ART: The text is enhanced by the works of RODNEY MARCHETTI, and a fine piece of original research by Dr. jane P. Davidson on "A Golem of Her Own: The Fantastic Art and Literature of Leilah Wendell" a denizen of Anne Rice's New Orleans. ORDER FROM: Borgo Press, Box 2845, San Bernardino CA 92406. Price: hardcover $41, softcover $ 31. Special price for SFRA members: hardcover $21, softcover $11. SFRA Review#221, page 16

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'9' i;;; 'ii & Forthcoming Books -This list was compiled primarily from listings in Locus and with assistance from Neil Barron and Michael Klossner. Addresses of many of the smaller publishers appear in the back of this issue on page 57. ART, COMICS & ILLUSTRATION Canty, Thomas. The Fantastic Art of Thomas Canty, Mark V. Ziesing, December 1995. Huss, judson. The Fantastic Art of judson Huss, Morpheus International, September 1996. AUTHOR STUDIES [Asimov, Isaac] Green, Scott E. Isaac Asimov: An Annotated Bibliography of the Asimov Collection at Boston University, Greenwood Press, September 1995. [Huxley, Aldous] Meckier, jerome (Ed). Critical Essays on Aldous Huxley, G.K. Hall, 1995 .. [King, Stephen] Russell, Sharon A. Stephen King: A Critical Companion, Greenwood Press, September 1996. [Lem, Stanislaw (translated by Michael Kandel). High castle: A Remembrance, Harcourt Brace/Wolff, Sept. 1995. Memoir ending with Lem's first year of medical school in 1940. [McCaffrey, Anne] Roberts, Robin. Anne McCaffrey: A Critical Companion, Greenwood Press, September 1996. [Poe, Edgar Allan] Carlson, Eric W. (Editor). A Companion to Poe Studies, Greenwood Press, September 1996. [Poe, Edgar Allan] Hansen, Thomas S. and Burton R. Pollino The German Face of Edgar Allan Poe: A Study of Literary References in His Works, Camden House, 1995. [Rice, Anne] Ramsland, Katherine. The Roquelaure Reader, Penguin/Plume, February 1996. [Stevenson, Robert Louis] Terry, R.C. Robert Louis Stevenson: Interviews and Recollections, University of Iowa Press, December 1995. [Wells, H.G.] Foot, Michael. H.G.: The History of Mr. WeJ1s, Counterpoint, November 1995. FILM & TELEVISION Killick, jane. The Making of judge Dredd, Hyperion, 1995. Krauss, Lawrence M. The Physics of Star Trek, BasicBooks (HarperCollins), 1995. SFRA Review#221, page 17

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Mangels, Andy. Star Wars: The Essential Guide to Charac ters, 1995. Nimoy, Leonard. I Am Spock, Little Brown/Hyperion, 1995. Pourroy, janine. The Making of Waterworld, Boulevard Books, 1995. Wright, Bruce Lanier. Nightwalkers: Gothic Horror Movies, Taylor Publishing Co., October 1995. HISTORY & CRITICISM Ballard, ].G. A User's Guide to the Millenium: Essays and Reviews, St. Martin's/Picador, May 1996. Ren-Tov, Sharona. The Artificial Paradise: Science Fiction and American Reality, University of Michigan Press, 1995. Bould, Mark (Ed). Strange Attractors: papers from the second annual AFFN conference, Academic Fantastic Fiction Network, 1995. Higgins, james E. The Little Prince: A Reverie of Substance, Twayne, 1995. Senior, W.A. Stephen R. Donaldson's Chronicles of Thomas Covenant: Variations on the Fantasy Tradition, Kent State University Press, 1995. Wu, Qj.ngyun. Female Rule in Chinese and English Literary Utopias, Syracuse University Press, 1995. REFERENCE Snodgrass, Mary Ellen. Encyclopedia of Utopian Literuture, ABC-Clio, june 1995. SFRA Review #221, page 18

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'iWB!", Review -THE MANY FORMS OF CLUTE by W.D. Stevens Clute, John (Ed). Science Fiction: The Illustrated Ency clopedia. New York: Dorling Kindersley, October 1995, 312 pages, hardcover, $39.95, ISBN 0-7894-0185-l. Clute, John, and Peter Nicholls (Eds). GrolierScience Fiction: The Multimedia Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Danbury, Connecticut: Grolier Electronic Publishing, Oc tober 1995, CD-ROM, $59.95, no ISBN. The key word in John Clute's latest solo work is "illustrated"; the book is dominated by illustrations even though there is quite a lot of accompanying text. This is undoubtedly wise, since the previous massive work (1370 pages, 1993) coauthored by Clute and Peter Nicholls, was all text. Although there have been at least two earlier SF encyclopedias with extensive illustrations, none have approached this latest ef fort of Clute's in magnitude. The arrangement is chronological: each chapter (Future Visions, Historical Context, Influential Magazines, Major Au thors, etc.) treats the subject matter in small increments of time. The increments are not uniform: in one chapter the division may be in decades, but in another the units vary from 5 to 25 years. This is not as confusing as it might sound -the divisions are well-marked and the material flows logi cally. The illustrations are mostly well-chosen (one must wonder, though, why the cover for the German edition of Burroughs's Princess of Mars is shown, when the publisher and publication date are for the original edition) and of first quality. A wealth of magazine and book covers evoke memo ries, and the other photos, paintings, and drawings mesh well with the text. An obvious effort was made to cover a wide range of material, but in only 312 pages of which perhaps only 40-50% is text, the challenge may have been too much. It's also unfortunate that the text suffers from errors which seem to reflect careless research (Clute says that he, himself, SFRA Review #221, page 19

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"wrote the words of the book" but he must have relied heavily on others who were less attentive than they might have been). Two examples will suffice: David Brin's fantasy The Practice Effect is specifically mentioned as part of his "Uplift series" (wliich it is not), while Sundiver, the first of the "Uplift" se ries, is ignored; and in the blurb for Colin Greenland's Take Back Plenty, "Plenty" is erroneously said to be the name of the heroine rather than the name of a planet. Aside from these relatively minor problems, this is a wellconstructed, visually appealing, and overall excellent book. Under normal circumstances, it would rate a "highly recom mended" evaluation. However, circumstances are not normal; the appearance of another SF reference (ironically, one in which Clute also has the primary editorial hand) mayovershadow this one -at least for those with access to a personal computer and a CD-ROM drive. The first two editions (1979 and 1993) of the massive En cyclopedia of Science Fiction set new standards, each winning a Hugo. Now, the second edition forms the basis for the Grolier multimedia CD-ROM, which goes far beyond a simple translation of the original volume into electronic media. First, the editors corrected all errors which have been brought to their attention, then added approximately 50,000 words of new material -bringing the currency from mid-1992 to the end of 1994 (with a few 1995 dates and items added for good measure). Then, some 300 plot summaries were added from Neil Barron's Anatomy of Wonder (4th ed., 1995). For visual and aural impact, there are more than 1500 magazine and book covers; 350 author portraits; 70 movie stills, posters, and trailers; and a number of videotaped author interviews on various "theme" subjects. These are all tied together by hypertext links: words highlighted in magenta take you to a related encyclopedia article; those highlighted in blue jump to related items in the "Book Browser". There are five main modes, including the "Book Browser", which provides direct access to the plot summaries. "Archives" provides direct ac cess to all 6,000+ entries in the encyclopedia; "Themes" al lows exploration of ideas across various subjects and media; "Gallery" gives direct access to all multimedia elements; and "Time Machine" is a time line showing milestones in the SF world coupled with events in the real world, as well as some anecdotes about historical SF-related events. Most of the items on the time line are text-only; some add sound, but only by speaking the accompanying text, which adds little. The other SFRA Review #221, page 20

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multimedia items are far better. There is also a word search engine, the ability to store items into customized "collections", and a historical listing of things looked at, allowing one to return directly to a previous item. The search engine is efficient, although slower than one would like (it's based on "Quicktime for Windows" which is unfortunately notorious for that -a fast CD-ROM drive is recommended, although not essential). One quirk in the search engine sometimes makes it difficult to return directly to the exact spot one branched from, but retracing the path is not difficult. The installation routine is more intelligent than most, and recognizes the problem with multiple copies of Quicktime. The program runs well under both Windows 3.1 and Windows 95; a Macintosh version is also available. Browsing through this CD-ROM is fun, and time passes quickly. One thing leads to another, and one soon realizes that several hours have passed. Since the disc is prominently labelled "Version 1.0" and the authors specifically state their intent to keep the material up-to-date for future editions, it seems likely that we may finally have a basic reference we can rely on for some time to come. Although the recommended price for this CD-ROM is $59.95, it can be had for around $40, or roughly the same as the Illustrated Encyclopedia. This compares very favorably with the hardcover price of $75 for the book on which the CD-ROM is based. (A trade paperback edition is imminent from St. Martin's, although not seen at this writing. It will be priced at $29.95 and will include a 14-page addendum list ing the current corrections for the hardcover edition.) It's not often such a wealth of choices can be found. For those with a computer and CD-ROM drive, the choice is obvi ous. For others, the choice devolves to the Illustrated Ency clopedia and the paperback edition of the Clute & Nicholls Second Edition (yet unseen but obvious in content). Either would be a good buy. The Clute & Nicholls is larger and cheaper, with more depth and better research; the Illustrated Encyclopedia has more recent material and excellent illus trations. They make excellent companion pieces but, if a choice must be made, it will have to depend on intended use. For serious use, the Clute & Nicholls wins hands down; for browsing and interesting reading, the Illustrated Encyclope dia is the way to go. SFRA Review #221, page 21

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irrS11 Feature = The Year's Best: 1994 in Review Datlow, Ellen & Terri Windling (Editors). The Year's Best Fantasy and Horror: Eighth Annual Collection. New York: St. Martin's, 1995, 624 pages, $26.95, hardcover, ISBN 0-312-13220-4; $16.95, softcover, 0-312-13219-0. For six years, highly respected editors Ellen Datlow and Terri Windling have been co-editing The Year's Best Fantasy and Horrorcollections. Datlow is fiction editor of Omni maga zine, Windling a consulting editor at Tor Books. Windling's recent anthology The Armless Maiden and Other Tales for Childhood's Survivors has met with considerable critical ac claim. Both are extremely knowledgeable in their areas of expertise Windling for fantasy, Datlow for horror. Although Windling edited the first two Year's Best Fantasy collections alone, the original reason for the collaboration was that fan tasy and horror stories tended to overlap. Their joint volumes have earned considerable praise, as have their three co-edited modern fairy tale collections. However, several crit ics have suggested that for the last few years fantasy and horror have no longer fit together so comfortably. The 47 stories, five poems, and an essay in the Eighth Annual Collection for 1994 are all well-written, certainly, but evidence an increasing divergence between fantasy and horror based on message, world view, and graphic sexual violence. Fantasy focuses on the magical (Jonathan Carroll's "A Wheel in the Desert, the Moon on Some Swings"), the mythical (Jane Yolen's dark fantasy, "De Natura Unicorni"), the wondrous (Kristine Kathryn Rusch's tale about the disappearance of Mount Rushmore, "Monuments to the Dead"), and the ro mantic (B. Brandon Barker's "Superman's Diary" reveals a modern men's-movement sensitivity we never saw before in our old superfriend). These 1994 fantasy selections also include fairy tales (Lenora Champagne's Cinderella story, "The Best Things in Life"), literary tales (Leroy Quintana's "La Promesa"), ghost stories (Delia Sherman's stylish "Young Woman in a Garden" and Charles Grant's poetic "Sometimes in the Rain"), redactions (Nancy Kress's retelling of Rumpelstiltskin, "Words Like Pale Stones"), magic realism (Margarita Engle's Latin American "Buenaventura and the Fifteen Sisters"), and alternative histories (Gregory Feeley's SFRA Review#221, page 23

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Elizabethan "Aweary of the Sun"). Although fantasies can be dark (Charles de Lint's urban "Coyote Stories"), they tend to have a human message and a redemptive nature. Horror traditionally has also had a redemptive quality. In the traditional horror story, an evil force begins to destroy community until it appears that all will be lost. However, people connect with each other in new ways, evil is over come, and community is restored, but not without some loss of innocence. William Browning Spenser's, "The Ocean and All its Devices" is an example of this kind of horror. Cathar sis occurs and the reader is emotionally empowered. This type of horror does indeed dovetail nicely into heroic fan tasy. However, contemporary horror fiction seems to be increas ingly focused on graphic violence, particularly graphic sexual violence, the kind preferred by connoisseurs of slasher and snuff flicks. The world view is nihilistic (in Jack Ketchum's morbid story, "The Box", communal fasting to death becomes an outcome to be desired for no discernible reason) and pain and pleasure are intertwined (Jack Womack's sadomasochistic misadventure "That Old School Tie" includes bondage and erotic asphyxiation). There is very little emphasis on restor ing community once it is lost. With the demise of "happily ever after", much recent horror often buries meaning, self respect, commitment, responsibility and altruism as well. Evil tends not to be punished and the reader is frequently left with a sense of disgust instead of catharsis. Those selections rating high on my own personal disgust scale include Dale Bailey's "Giants in the Earth", which would be an insult to the fine novel of the same name if this story weren't so trivial, and Andrew Klavan's "A Fear of Dead Things". Lately, I've noticed a trend toward emotionally-incompetent therapist horror. Are writers working through their own unhappy trans ferences or was there a discount sale at the Muse factory? I had difficulty suspending my disbelief reading "A Fear. .. ". Nicholas Royle's dystopian "The Big Game" may be intended as a cautionary tale but the sadomasochistic sex and violence are so gratuitous that the message is lost. Kevin Roice's "Is That Them?" is a repulsive tale wherein the sins of the abusive, narcissistic parents don't even come close to the sins and psychopathology of the grandparents. In a field dominated by male writers (particularly white male writers), horror story victims tend to be women and children, indicating, at least to this reader, a fair amount of (perhaps unconscious) SFRA Review #221, page 24

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anger and hostility as well as blaming the victim. Even in stories where women are supposed to be presented in a posi tive light, male authors often seem to reduce them to the sum total of their sexually appealing characteristics. Brian Mooney's Frankenstein story "Chandira" is simply an extreme possibility on this woman-as-object continuum. In a world filled with real horrors like child abuse, drive-by shootings, biological warfare, disease, and starvation, I question the need these writers obviously have to make people suffer more horrendously than they already do. To make victims grateful for their suffering, as seems to be the trend in a certain kind of horror fiction (Douglas Clegg's especially disgusting, supernatural, sadomasochistic, splatterpunk-derivative, "White Chapel"), seems so perverse that I wonder how a story with this theme could be seen as a year's best anything. I'm not saying that real people don't sometimes choose to suffer; anyone who has seen survivor's guilt knows they sometimes do. That's why for me horror like Bradley Denton's "A Con flagration Artist" is so much more effective because it could perhaps be true. It concerns a woman who, having lost her children in a fire, now repeatedly sets herself on fire and photographs the act as performance art, sending the pictures to her ex-husband. Thus, because of the gore and S&M so common in contemporary horror, the audiences for that genre and for fantasy have become much more diverse. I believe it now does readers a disservice to continue to publish fantasy and horror stories in the same volume, particularly so interspersed that readers do not know whether to expect to be met by psy chotic grandparents, as in Roice's "Is That Them?", charming talking animals, as in Geoffrey Landis's delightful "The Kingdom of Cats and Birds", or murderous hair picks, as in Steve Rasnic Tern's "Angel Combs". The volume has what Locus reviewer Gary K. Wolfe calls "an odd lady-or-the-tiger feel." Nevertheless, there is considerable value in year's best an thologies in general and in this volume in particular. Windling and Datlow are thorough in their reading and have made selections from anthologies and magazines as diverse as Weird Tales from Shakespeare (edited by Katherine Kerr and Mar tin H. Greenberg), Playboy, The New Yorker, The Iowa Review, and The Village Voice. Many of the selections origi nally saw very limited print runs, were not readily available in bookstores and would have been lost if they had not been reprinted here. The list of 800 some "Honorable Mentions" SFRA Review #221, page 2S

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at the book's end extends for nineteen pages. Michael Swanwick's excellent essay "In the Tradition ... is probably worth the price of the volume alone. In it Swanwick defines what he calls "hard fantasy" which, like hard science fiction, occurs in unique and wondrous alternate universes, universes that function believably with their own different, but very real physical laws and realities. His examples include fine novels like Mary Gentle's fascinating Rats and GargoyJes, wherein there is a fifth direction and death is reversible, and Geoff Ryman's The Unconquered Country, wherein a woman named Third rents out her womb for industrial use by grow ing small household appliances and toothed, freckled, guppie like weapons. Other highlights found in this anthology include Patricia McKillip's alchemist's apprentice tale, "Transmutations"; Emily Newland's Southern Gothic horror story, "Who Will Love the River God?"; Joyce Carol Oates's disturbing tale of imaginary playmates, "Brothers"; Pagan Kennedy's punk-voodooat-Graceland tale "Elvis's Bathroom"; A.R. Morlan's "Yet Another Poisoned Apple for the Princess", a vicious satire set in an athletic club; Stephen King's deliciously scary story of a boy's confrontation with the devil, "The Man in the Black Suit"; "The Horses Hiss at Midnight", A.R. Morlan's modern vagina dentata story set in a carnival; Ray Bradbury's bizarre psychiatric comedy, "Unterseeboot Doktor"; Nicholas Baker's comedic horror story about feral, nightfeeding potatoes, "Subsoil"; "Snow, Glass, Apples", Neil Gaiman's sympathetic take on Snow White's stepmother; and David Nickle's romantic horror story, "The Sloan Men". Steven Millhauser's "Sis terhood of the Night" shows the potential for horror in parenting adolescent daughters while maintaining a real sen sitivity toward their emotional needs. Hitchcock buffs will love Ian McDonald's pastiche "Blue Motel" and, for were-ani mal fans, Michael Marshall Smith's "Rain Falls" is set in a trendy, sometimes explosive English pub. My personal favorites include Judith Tarr's magical "Mending Souls," a touching take off on "The Shoemaker and the Elves"; Kelley Eskridge's dystopian "Strings", which is set in a world where musical improvisation is illegal; and M. John Harrison's sci ence-fiction retelling of the Icarus legend, "Isobel Avens Returns to Stepney in the Spring". Given the large amount of well-written fantasy and horror published each year, perhaps Windling and Datlow will in the future decide to publish separate fantasy and horror voI-SFRA Review#221, page 26

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urnes. In the meantime, The Eighth Annual Collection is recommended only with the reservation that it should be read selectively by those easily upset by gore and graphic sexual violence. -Sandra]. Lindow Dozois, Gardner (Editor). The Year's Best Science Fic tion, Twelfth Annual Collection. New York: St. Martin's, 1995,590 pages, $26.95, hardcover, ISBN 0-312-13222-0; $16.95, softcover, ISBN 0-312-13221-2. This September I found myself in an all too familiar situa tion: the Norton Book of Science Fiction, which I had planned to use in my SF writing class, was unexpectedly out of print. This a common problem for all teachers books disappear without warning even when they are listed in the publishers' latest catalogues. The situation is especially difficult in genre fiction: the classic SF anthologies such as Silverberg's SF Hall of Fame, Gunn's The Road to Science Fiction, and the SFRA anthology are all long gone. So, with the semester already under way, I took a chance and ordered Gardner Dozois's latest Year's Best anthology sight unseen, hoping it would live up to the high standards of its predecessors. I made the right choice. I had been looking for a collection which would show my students contemporary SF at its best, and in Dozois's anthology I found representative stories from many of our finest writers from Joe Haldeman to Michael Bishop. I wanted literate stories about universal human di lemmas, and got Ursula Le Guin's beautiful "Forgiveness Day", in which a Hainish envoy and a native aristocrat overcome cultural bias and grow into understanding, and Nancy Kress's "Margin of Error", which puts old-fashioned sibling rivalry into an SF context. I wanted a variety of styles and narrative techniques, and got everything from plain storytelling to Eliot Fintushel's indescribably crazy "Ylem". My class insists there isn't a bad story in the book. Dozois's selections cover a number of traditional SF tropes: aliens on Mercury in Stephen Baxter's "Cilia of Gold", which harks back to the golden years of Hal Clement; alien archae ologists on earth in Mike Resnick's award winning "Seven Views of Olduvai Gorge"; an alien in Paris from Pat Cadigan; and even an alien plant in space in George Turner's "Flower ing Mandrake", which is also a suspenseful "first contact" SFRA Review #221, page 27

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story. Humans travel in space in Michael Bishop's "Cri de Coeur" and Robert Reed's "The Remoras", both hard SF but a long way from conventional space adventure. Joe Haldeman's "None So Blind" is a solid piece of SF speculation which reaches a far-out conclusion, while Terry Bisson's "The Hole in the Hole" takes a tongue-in-cheek look at an anomaly in the Brook lyn space-time continuum, complete with mathematical proofs. The alternate universe story appears in Walter Jon Williams's "Red Elvis" and Lisa Goldstein's "Split Light"; the SF detective story in Brian Stableford's "Les Fleurs du Mal" and Greg Egan's "Cocoon"; and time travel in William Sanders's hilarious "Going After Old Man Alabama". Exotic societies appear in Le Guin's "Forgiveness Day" and "The Matter of Seggri", where the sexes live segregated lives, and in Maureen McHugh's "Nekropolis", in which slaves are "jessed" emotionally bound to their masters. But other writers extrapolate an all too believable day after tomorrow: Katharine Kerr's right-wing takeover of America in "Asylum"; Michael Flynn's medical breakthrough in "Melodies of the Heart"; the Big One in Mary Rosenblum's "California Dreamer"; and the computers that keep track of our job performance in Geoff Ryman's "Dead Space for the Unexpected". Dozois's substantial introduction provides an invaluable overview of the SF world in 1994. He includes a survey of the magazine publishing world and its sorry state; the best of the original anthologies; recommended novels, non-fiction, and films of the year; the various award winners; and brief obitu aries of those we have lost. Since I want to encourage my students to read SF, I am particularly grateful that he includes the addresses of recommended periodicals, most of which are impossible to find on newsstands. There is also a list of "Honorable Mentions" at the end of the volume. If you regularly read the digest magazines, particularly Asimov's, you will find that you are already familiar with many of these stories, since Dozois draws very heavily upon Asimov's as a source. (In contrast, there is only one selection from Analog and three from F & SF.) The editor who liked these stories enough to buy them for his own magazine would continue to like them, I suppose, but Dozois does show a bias here toward the traditional digest magazines. Buy the book anyway. At $16.95 it's a bargain you won't regret. Lynn F. Williams SFRA Review#221, page 28

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. . Aldiss, Brian W. The Detached Retina: Aspects of SF and Fantasy. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 1995,224 pages, hardcover, $39.95, ISBN 0-8156-2681-9; softcover, $16.95, ISBN 0-8156-0370-3. Also available in the UK from Liverpool University Press. I must admit I am new to the study of Brian Aldiss, although I was introduced to the serious critical study of SF by Aldiss's award-winning Billion-Year Spree (1973), later updated in 1986 in collaboration with David Wingrove as the Trillion-Year Spree. As every SF critic knows, Aldiss introduced in that book the then-outrageous idea that SF began with Mary Shelley's Frankenstein while other SF historians were desperately trying to make SF more "respectable" by tracing its origins back to Lucian of Samosata or even Homer. To me, it never seemed like such a half-baked theory and made more sense than trying to find antique mythical ori gins for a form of literature that included the word "science" as part of its name. In this volume, Aldiss revisits Mary Shelley and feels more justified than ever for his position in BYS. In addition to Shelley, there are essays in this volume reconsidering Huxley, Wells, Stapledon, Dick, Orwell, Blish, Amis, Stevenson, Anna Kavan (an author new to me), and John W. Campbell. There is also a very effective skewering of H.P. Lovecraft based on Aldiss's reading of one short story as a child. Aldiss is opinionated, observant, and well-versed in what is happening in SF today, but above all, he writes a literary essay in clear, metaphorical prose free of all the critical gobble dygook most literary criticism is plagued with today. Perhaps the fact that he is a writer first and a critic second accounts for this rare phenomenon. After struggling through pages oflabyrinthine deconstructionist and (alas!) even femi nist critical essays in the last few years, reading Aldiss clears the corridors of the mind. He presents some arguable but brilliant opinions on contemporary SF and fantasy. Aldiss claims that after Campbell, SF should be considered more of a literature of decadence than of progress, and in the Wells essay, which surprisingly begins with a discussion of Wells's use of cats as symbols, he SFRA Review #221, page 29

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presents a cogent argument for the metaphorical power of SF over its political preaching. Gary Wolfe, in his Locus review of The Detached Retina (July 1995, p. 51), notes that Aldiss "makes side trips ... [suggesting] unwritten essays we'd like to see sometime." Aldiss once edited a collection of SF art from the pulps with commentary, The Encyclopedia of Sci ence Fiction Art (1975), but he only mentions art and visual imagery in the lead essay, a funeral tribute to Salvador Dali. The last two essays hold up the literary tradition of fine essayists by telling us something about Aldiss himself. In a talk delivered to the Oxford Psychotherapy Society, he presents the engaging theory of "phoenix personalities," sug gesting that, like snakes shed their skins, we shed our personalities every few years, and only the archetypes that well up from the deepest parts of our psyche remain constant. (This was my first inkling that Aldiss is a Jungian.) In the final essay, "A Personal Parabola", Aldiss shares some of his "inner life": his childhood, his war service, his reasons for becoming a writer, why he wrote this novel or that novel at certain points in his career, his "quarrel with England," and his love affair with the East. This provocative collection of essays appearing in Aldiss's seventieth year is a retrospect for an author who clearly is not an academic, but a joy to read, bringing us in contact with one of the finest minds in the SF world. Robert J. Ewald Davidson, Cathy N. & Linda Wagner-Martin (Editors). The Oxford Companion to Women's Writing in the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, xxx +1021 pages, hardcover, $49.95, ISBN 0-19-506608-l. This is not a critical review but rather a description of a recent reference work which should prove very valuable in providing a broad overview of its subject in 771 entries. The entries are biographical, thematic, cultural, and historical, with abundant cross-references linking them. About 400 contributors wrote the entries, most of which have bibliogra phies, plus an eight-page general bibliography and a 41-page index. Timelines of social history and of U.S. women's writ ing from 1645 to 1993 provide an added dimension. I flipped pages, sampling articles as I went, and record for your interest those articles specifically dealing with fantastic SFRA Review #221, page 30

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literature or their authors. There are author entries for Gertrude Atherton, Octavia Butler, Charlotte Gilman, Shirley Jackson, Ursula Le Guin, Toni Morrison, Joyce Carol Oates, Marge Piercy, Ayn Rand, and Joanna Russ. Subject or theme entries include Fabulation, Feminist; Ghost Stories; Gothic Fiction; Lesbian Writing (a lengthy mUlti-part/author entry); Science Fiction; Utopias; and Witchcraft. Many other entries mention fantastic fiction as examples or in passing, but these are the core entries. I recognized a number of contributors but only two for these entries: Marlene Barr on Fabulation, Feminist; and Jane Donawerth on Science Fiction. Writing is interpreted broadly: not simply "literature," but journalism, poetry, essays, romances, black English, etc. There are only a handful of academic magazines publishing critical articles on fantastic literature. The entry on Journals, Aca demic might suggest other outlets. Although nominally limited to writing, the companion would be helpful -and as a reference librarian I have used it for anyone seeking information on feminism, sexism, gender, women's studies, and social problems like abortion, rape, and pornography. No one could fail to learn a lot from this volume, which joins many other Oxford Companions as standards in their fields. Neil Barron Fabian, Stephen E. Stephen E. Fabian's Women & Won ders. Lancaster, Pennsylvania: Charles F. Miller, 1995, ix + 134 pages, hardcover, $24.95, ISBN 1-885611-08-0; softcover, $14.95, ISBN 1-885611-09-9. Sam Moskowitz, in his preface to this second of Charles F. Miller's collections of Fabian's work, retells the familiar story of how Fabian taught himself by imitating the work of Virgil Finlay and other artists while he worked as a technician for Simmon's Precision in Tarrytown, New York. In the mid-1960s he began contributing to the fan magazines; then, in the 1970s, after he was laid off by Simmons, Fabian graduated to professional publications like Amazing Stories and Galaxy. He quickly became one of the most popular and prolific art ists in the field, continuing his work for the fan publications even as he extended his professional range to paperback covers and dust jacket and interior illustrations for the small press publishers. He has received numerous fan awards and has been nominated seven times for the Hugo. SFRA Review #221, page 31

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Fabian has illustrated stories by Lovecraft, Howard, Will iam Hope Hodgson, L. Sprague de Camp, A. Merritt, and a variety of modern writers of science fiction and fantasy. His most distinctive and popular illustrations have been those featuring female nudes, and there is a generous selection of these in Women & Wonders. The publisher is to be commended for supporting contemporary and pulp illustrators and illustration, but the lack of any sort of critical apparatus (date and place of publication, size of original illustration) is regrettable. Sam Moskowitz's essay ("The Compleat Fabian") is a sympathetic introduction to the artist's life and work, but it would have benefitted from some judicious editing. This is, nonetheless, a welcome addition to Miller's grow ing list of collections by leading science fiction and fantasy illustrators, with a fifth collection by Virgil Finlay and a se lection of Edd Cartier's work promised for the future. Miller's books are reasonably priced, and they keep alive the work of illustrators too often relegated to pulp collections and higher priced, out-of-print volumes. Fabian's work is clearly in that classic tradition, and a selection of his works belongs in any representative collection of contemporary illustrators. Walter Albert Hughey, Ann Conolly. Edmund Dulac: His Book Illustrations. Buttonwood Press, 1995, unpaginated, hardcover, $85.00, ISBN 0-9645395-1-9. Derek Hudson, in a bibliographical appendix to his 1976 biography Edmund Dulac (Scribner's), recommended to his readers interested in further detail "the complete bibliography by Ann Conolly Hughey, now in preparation." Mrs. Hughey's research has finally been published, almost twenty years later, and it is a pleasure to report that the results present as detailed and comprehensive a survey of Dulac's book illustrations as one could hope for. Edmund Dulac (1882-1953) was born in France but spent much of his life in England. He is ranked with Arthur Rackham and Kay Nielsen among illustrators of the British "Golden Age" of book illustration, and limited and first trade editions of his work, along with original drawings and paintings, command substantial prices in the antiquarian book market and art auction houses. SFRA Review #221, page 32

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Dulac's first major success and, according to Mrs. Hughey, his most important book was Stories from the Arabian Nights (1907), for which he did 50 watercolors, the medium in which he most often worked. Although not all his books were derived from Oriental stories or themes, even such un likely titles as The Sleeping Beauty (1910) and Stories from Hans Andersen (1911) had illustrations where the subject was clearly inspired by Eastern rather than Western art. Books illustrated by Dulac were published annually until 1918, but the market for lavish editions of illustrated books was one of the casualties of the first World War. The Kingdom of the Pearl (1920) was not a commercial success, although the ten illustrations are as fine as anything Dulac produced earlier. Dulac would illustrate several more books, but he refused other offers, claiming that he was no longer interested in book illustration. He turned to theater sets and costumes, stamp and book plate designs, posters, and, most improbably, covers for William Randolph Hearst's The American Weekly, a Sunday newspaper supplement for which he supplied 106 covers from 1925-1951. He also designed the title card and more than 100 intertitles for The Adventures of Prince Achmed, Lotte Reiniger's full-length animated film (1923-26). Although Mrs. Hughey's concern is with the books illustrated by Dulac, she discusses other fields in which he worked and furnishes new information on his biography, in particu lar his relationships with such notables as Leon Bakst (the Diaghilev ballet set designer), British composer and conductor Constant Lambert, and the poets Ezra Pound and William Butler Yeats. There is, unfortunately, no index of names, so that this information can only be gleaned in passing. The book is unpaginated, but the index of titles gives easy access to the editions. Thus Stories from the Arabian Nights is item 16, with the various editions listed through 16ppp, followed by a list of the plates and three pages of commentary that include information on the book's publication, contemporary reviews, and subsequent interpretations of the stories by Dulac. There is some critical commentary in these essays, which gives an idea of the bibliographer's assessment of the art and Dulac's developing style. There are references to Arthur Rackham, whom Mrs. Hughey clearly finds less interesting than Dulac; indeed, it is difficult to agree with her that the central issue distinguishing the two is Dulac's standing as a "pure artist," with Rackham relegated to the less de sirable station of "illustrator." SFRA Review #221, page 33

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In spite of disagreements one might have with Mrs. Hughey's critical position, there is no question that her book is a superb achievement, one that will stand as the definitive bibliography of Dulac's book illustrations. Walter Albert Lustig, T.J. Henry james and the Ghostly. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1994, 317 pages, hardcover, ISBN 0-521-45378-X. Henry James is to the SFRA as Orson Scott Card is to the Modern Language Association: an unlikely candidate for analysis. Inclusiveness is commendable when it comes to accepted scholarly bailiwicks, but apples remain apples ... and eminent Victorians remain Cambridge University Press fetish objects. Henry james and the Ghostly caps a triptych com prising Henry james and the Philosophical Novel (1993) and Henry james and the "Woman Business" (1989). Given an ongoing Star Trek: Voyager subplot patterned after "The Turn of the Screw", perhaps Henry james and the Holodeck will be forthcoming from the publisher. Lustig's volume must suffice in the meantime. The author examines the ghost stories that James penned throughout his career, including "The Romance of Certain Old Clothes" (1868), "De Grey: A Romance" (1868), and "The Ghostly Rental" (1876). High-profile works like The Portrait of a Lady (1880-81) and The Ambassadors (1903) are scrutinized as well, with a close reading of "The Turn of the Screw" (1898) occupying the center of Lustig's effort. Lustig pays particular attention to evaluating the ghostly "so often attaching to those scenes in James's work which turn on thresholds, perspectives, windows, doors, on those isolated moments of heightened attention which amount, at times, to encounters with the margins of the text" (p. 7). In this view, James's interrogation of textual boundaries becomes his signature contribution to literature. It sets a precedent for modernist experiments in dismantling narrative. The first chapter exhumes pre-Jamesian treatments of the supernatural, summoning such specters as Aristotle, Plato, Hobbes, Locke, and Freud within the space of 39 tenebrous pages. Nathaniel Hawthorne is singled out as a literary antecedent haunting James's imagination. The second chapter SFRA Review #221, page 34

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then locates james's writings in the tension between "the ex plosive principal and economic mastery" (p. 54), two vague terms that imply "the ghostly" and romance on the one hand, and "the human" and realism on the other. As a concept, "the ghostly" is itself frustratingly nebulous. Lustig argues early on that it "is necessarily an insubstantial entity" (p. 6), and this is nowhere more apparent than in chapter three when he investigates "The Turn of the Screw". "The ghostly" has by then functioned as a figurative literary device for james, as an expanded form of narrative subjec tivity, and as a metaphor for forces impacting james's per sonallife. In a key passage, Lustig unsuccessfully attempts to position "the ghostly" vis-a-vis Tzvetan Todorov's reading of "The Turn of the Screw" as "the fantastic" (p. 114). He pro ceeds to diagram james's story as a circuit of slippages, inter stices, multiplications, oppositions, reversals, and deviations rather traditional critical tropes. Chapter four subsequently traces "the ghostly" in late Jamesian prose. Scholars attempting to couple canonical literature with problematic "sci-fi," fantasy, and horror texts might find Lustig of some interest. His analyses are insightful even if his terms are ill-defined, and his command of previous Jamesian criti cism is laudable. Considering its tangential subject matter, though, most SFRA members might want to skip this Cam bridge offering in favor of the latest from Greenwood Press. Neal Baker Parish, James Robert. Ghosts and Angels in Hollywood Films: Plots, Critiques, Casts and Credits for 264 Theatrical and Made-forTelevision Releases. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 1994, 419 pages, hardcover, $49.95, ISBN 089950-676-3. Parish is the author of many film reference books covering a wide variety of genres. This volume includes films about fake ghosts but excludes movies featuring reincarnation and zombies. Foreign films, such as Britain's "The Innocents" (1961, from Henry james's Tum of the Screw) and "Scrooge" (1951, the best film of A Christmas Carol), are also excluded. Ghost films outnumber angel films at least three to one. Many films in both categories are comedies, such as "The Bishop's Wife" (1947). Even the non-humorous ghost films are rarely true horror films, though I for one still feel a chill when the SFRA Review #221, page 35

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dog refuses to go upstairs in "The Uninvited" (1944) or when the voice-over in "The Haunting" (1963) ends with, "And we who walk here, walk alone." For each film, Parish provides very complete credits, a detailed synopsis, excerpts from contemporary reviews, his own brief critical appraisal, and, for the more important titles, some information on how the film was made and its box office results. The credits include dozens of small-part players and technicians for each film; these names add little to the book's value but much to its bulk and price, especially since each name appears in the index. The films are in alphabetical order, supplemented by a welcome list in chronological order from 1914 to 1991. An appendix lists TV series and pilots. There are several dozen black-and-white illustrations, but no bibliography. Besides the excessively detailed credits, the major problem with Parish's work is his failure to separate the ghost films from the angel films and the comedies from the "straight" versions. It is necessary to peruse the whole book to identify the films in each category. Films about ghosts and especially angels have never been popular sub-genres; only about three per year have been made since the silents. Despite the book's problems, Parish is a reliable guide to these minor, neglected byways. Michael Klossner Ramsland, Katherine. The Witches' Companion: The Official Guide to Anne Rice's Lives of the Mayfair Witches. New York: Ballantine Books, 1994, 522 pages, hardcover, $29.95, ISBN 0-345-38947-6. Alphabetically arranged articles identify the folkloric, literary, historical, geographical, and religious references, as well as the characters, in the three novels in the Mayfair witches series: The Witching Hour, Lasher, and Taltos. The Companion begins promisingly with an introduction comparing and contrasting the Mayfair witch books with Rice's vampire series. The Mayfair novels, Rice is quoted as saying, were written in periods of optimism, the vampire books during periods of anxiety and anguish. Ramsland, who also wrote The Vampire Companion: The Official Guide to Anne Rice's The Vampire Chronicles (Ballantine, 1993), collaborates closely with Rice. Her entries include Rice's comments about SFRA Review#221, page 36

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the autobiographical origins of characters and themes. Rice, for example, based the childhood of Michael Curry (husband to the thirteenth Mayfair witch, Rowan) on her own, endow ing him with her love of architecture and her determination to have a better life. It may be, however, that Ramsland's collaborative relation ship with Rice inhibits her critical faculties. Her entries rarely probe beyond plot summaries. The Witches' Companion, for instance, includes a brief article on "Catholicism" and else where quotes Rice as saying that she no longer is a practicing Catholic. Ramsland, however, does not really come to grips with the pervasiveness of Catholic imagery in Rice's work, nor does she mention the novels' recurring anti-abortion stance. Neither Ramsland nor her editors have given sufficient thought to how readers would approach a reference book of this kind. Maddeningly, for me, Ramsland provides page ref erences to the mass market paperback editions of The Witching Hour and Lasher and to the hardcover edition of Taltos. Because I possess hardcover editions of all three, I was able to consult page references only for the latter title. Since libraries usually purchase hardcover editions, someone want ing to compare Ramsland's references with relevant passages in the earlier books would have to purchase the paperbacks. Entries are repetitious and padded. There are, to give one of many possible examples, entries both on "Janet" (a female Taltos who curses the Taltos, Ashlar, when she is burned at the stake) and on "janet's Curse". These provide almost iden tical information. Since the one entry follows the other al phabetically, there is no excuse for the repetition. Similarly, there are overlapping entries for "Glastonbury", "Glastonbury Abbey", and "Glastonbury Tor". In her geographical and his torical entries, Ramsland provides far more detail than is needed to illuminate the passage in question, as well as in formation that any reader of Rice's novels would know (e.g., "Berlin, a city in northeastern Germany"; "Bethlehem, the town in Israel where Christ was born"). Oddly, the Companion fails to adequately distinguish be tween the real and fictional. Rice's characters interact with real and historical personages, stay at real and fictional ho tels, and meet supernatural beings that may originate in folk lore or be entirely Rice's creation. The Companion notes that SFRA Review #221, page 37

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Rice based the First Street Mayfair mansion on her own New Orleans house, and it includes photographs of this and other real New Orleans buildings that Rice has adapted as settings for supernatural events. It is disconcerting, however, to find a photograph captioned, "Staircase at First Street where Arthur Langtry sees Stuart's ghost" (p. 196). The Witches' Companion is a handsomely produced volume with wide margins, attractive capitals, and line draw ings. The writing, however, is careless and superficial. While readers of The Witching Hour, Lasher, and Taltos may need assistance tracking down Rice's eclectic allusions and in keep ing straight fifteen generations of Mayfairs, the Companion has serious defects as a reference book. Wendy Bousfield Ringel, Faye. New England's Gothic Literature: History and Folklore of the Supernatural From the Seventeenth Through the Twentieth Centuries. Studies in American Literature Volume 6. Lewiston, New York: The Edwin Mellen Press, 1995, 232 pages, hardcover, $80.00, ISBN 0-7734-9047-7. Early in the first chapter, Dr. Ringel states her intent of this work as follows: "Many critics of the literature, history, and culture of New England have emphasized what made the new commonwealth different from the old world. In this they follow the Hartford Wits and Washington Irving, the first writers of the new republic, who sought to distinguish American Literature from other writing in English. My intention is to do the opposite: to emphasize the continuity between the fears and wonders of the old world and the folklore and literature of the new." I can attest to the effectiveness with which Dr. Ringel ad dresses the difficult task of conveying the pervasive sense of place that is so much a part of New England culture and folk lore. As one walks through the almost 400-year-old graveyard near Harvard Square, reading birth dates going back almost to the turn of the 16th century, one has an eerie sense of continuity with the other side of the Atlantic. It is as if the Puritan founders could not escape themselves in their at tempts to leave the old world, somehow bringing their old-SFRA Review #2 21, page 38

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est, darkest fears with them fears that did not simply remain locked in their own minds and hearts, but were made real in both shadow and substance in the New England landscape. Ringel's adept use of the term "Gothic" allows us to think of dark and hidden recesses, underground rivers, and beliefs thought to be extinguished in the old world. She makes us question our judgement, as these same beliefs manifest themselves in the late 20th century at the margins of New England life. Yet she is tantalizingly aware of the contradictions and limitations of attempting to illuminate that which is by nature shrouded in darkness. When I was I ten, I toured New England with my parents in the early autumn of 1954, experiencing the surreal blazing of fall colors. In a sense, New England is a part of me on a cultural level, grafted to my soul over five trips and across forty years. This is what Ringel is hinting at in her book: a fantastic, non-rational aspect to New England. As I sit back in late fall in Madison, Wisconsin, at the onset of the earliest winter in years, I can say that our colors just do not blaze in the same way here as they do in New England. The colors in Wisconsin are pretty enough, but in the Massachusetts coun tryside in early October, they blaze like an impressionist can vas stretched in conflagration across the horizon. Dr. Ringel's greatest strength is that she is able to link im agery from both the pre-modern and postmodern world, and bridge the Atlantic as she documents in scholarly fashion the depths of the roots of what she describes. I would characterize her methodology as interdisciplinary in the best sense of the word. Ringel has the ability to deftly integrate the his torical with the contemporary, and when appropriate she adds a touch of personal experience, giving a human cast to her work. She presents to us the supernatural history and folk lore of New England from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries, not as a closed book, but rather as an ongoing, dynamic process. I would recommend Dr. Ringel's book broadly, and consider it a must for any English Language literary research collection. I also recommend it to the fan scholar and folk lorist alike. I would very much like to see this book become available to a more general audience in the form of a trade paperback priced in the $20.00 range. SFRA Review #221, page 39

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I would also like to see Dr. Ringel elaborate the work con tained in the chapter on H.P. Lovecraft. This chapter could easily be expanded into a monograph in which she could more fully treat the sources of darkness and evil in his work, and further explore the internal contradictions inherent in Lovecraft, the man and the artist. Philip E. Kaveny SFRA Review #221 page 40

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'#$U.H. Reviews = Butler, Octavia. Blood Child: Novellas and Stories. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1995, 144 pages, $18.00, hardcover, ISBN 1-56858-055-X. This slim volume collects the shorter fiction that Butler has published to date, beginning with "Crossover" (1971) and ending with "The Evening and the Morning and the Night" (1987). In addition, each of the five pieces of fiction has a short afterword by Butler, and she appends two more recent essays about writing: "Positive Obsession" (1989, as "Birth of a Writer") and "Furor Scribendi" (1993). In a short preface to the volume, Butler asserts, "I hate short story writing." And her ten published novels, includ ing her Patternmaster and Xenogenesis series and last year's The Parable of the Sower have undeniably established her ability to work at greater lengths, developing the nuances and tensions in her themes across multiple volumes. Her fictional explorations of race, gender, and now religion have become highly regarded additions to the genre. As this collection reaffirms, however, the occasions when she chooses to write at more concise lengths produce work of comparable quality. Two of the five pieces here have won awards: a Hugo for "Speech Sounds" and a Nebula for "Blood Child." Together, these pieces provide a compact introduction to Butler's concerns and craftsmanship. Like Butler's novels, her shorter fiction emphasizes characters marginalized by race, gender, or even species who find the will to endure and survive on their own terms amid inimical circumstances. In "Near of Kin," which Butler acknowledges is not science fiction, a young girl must come to terms with the knowledge that her biological father is her mother's brother and forgive her now dead mother for handing her over to be reared by her grandmother. In "Crossover," another young woman struggles to cope with an unrewarding job and the disinte gration of her relationship with a lover whom she alone per ceives. In the remaining stories, support for such marginalized figures develops by interacting with others who have experi-SFRA Review #221, page 41

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enced an equal marginalization. In "Speech Sounds" and "The Evening and the Morning and the Night," the narrators, who are also young women, have had their lives and their worlds devastated by epidemics. In "The Evening and the Morning and the Night," an inheritable disease that originated in a medication destabilizes the mentality of its victims, causing hallucinations that end in gruesome suicides. Although Lynn, the narrator, has inherited the disorder from both her parents, she learns that she will be in a unique position to care for others who have been afflicted. In "Speech Sounds," a disease that has stripped humanity of its ability to read, to speak, or both, has reduced the twentieth-century urban culture of Los Angeles to complete barbarity. Under these con ditions, Rye, who can no longer read, still learns to trust a former policeman, who can no longer speak. The personal symbiotic redemption in "Speech Sounds" is rewritten on a larger scale as an interspecies relationship in "Blood Child". With Earth lost to them, humanity's remnants find protection with an alien species, but must allow some humans to act as incubators for the aliens' eggs. The plot func tions as a coming-of-age story for the young male narrator, Gan, who has been selected and nurtured for this role. The persistence amid unpromising circumstances that threads its way through the fiction links the stories to the two essays on writing that conclude the volume. The more autobiographical "Positive Obsession" sketches the origins of Butler's interest in writing and the lengthy self-training that led to her first published novel. "Furor Scribendi," proffered as advice to new writers, sums up its message in the word, "persist." Readers unfamiliar with Butler's work will find in this volume a concise introduction. Those who have already come to appreciate her longer fiction will find many of the same qualities here in a smaller compass. Joe Marchesani Lethem, Jonathan. Amnesia Moon. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1995, 247 pages, hardcover, $20.00, ISBN 0-1510091-3. Jonathan Lethem's first novel, Gun, With Occasional Music, was an impressive debut, garnering comparisons with the SFRA Review#221, page 42

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fiction of Philip K. Dick, winning the Crawford and Locus Awards for Best First Novel, and earning a Nebula nomina tion. Fans of Gun may like his second novel even more. Amnesia Moon is sufficiently imaginative and baffling that it has been compared with the works of Harlan Ellison, Franz Kafka, and Dr. Seuss as well as (again) those of Dick. Imagine that lung had written a treatise on solipsism and then recast it as a funny road novel, and you'll get a hint of the wonder ful weirdness of this book. In this novel, a loner named Chaos lives in a disused movie house in post-apocalyptic Hatfork, Wyoming, a starving desert town peopled with mutants and perverts. A charismatic lo cal despot named Kellogg not only controls food supplies but also has the power to telepathically impose his dreams upon the inhabitants of the town. But one day Kellogg tells Chaos that Chaos's dreams are as responsible for the local condi tions as his own. He adds that the widely accepted belief that a nuclear holocaust has caused these conditions is wrong the bombs never fell, and the truth is more complicated than any nuclear war. Chaos hits the road, taking with him a furry mutant girl named Melinda. Once out of Kellogg's domain, Chaos begins to have his own dreams, featuring a beautiful house he once owned and a lover named Gwen, who calls him Everett. He decides to head for California to find her. However, it soon becomes evident that Hatfork is not the only town with prob lems. Chaos/Everett and Melinda encounter various bizarre communities on the way, at the same time discovering that their own personal memories are suspect. They wander across a mountain on which everyone is blinded by a hovering green mist, where Everett learns that his forgotten last name is Moon; down the Reno Strip with its sad McDonaldonians, fast-food servants to a population of one; and through Vacaville, where the residents move into each others' homes every few days. Chaos then decides to head for California to find Gwen as well as an old friend named Cale, although he can't quite remember either one of them. San Francisco proves to be filled with people who, like George Orr's psychiatrist in Ursula Le Guin's The Lathe of Heaven, have plans for Everett's power to change reality. He hears different theories about what happened when "the break" occurred, including the collision of a multitude of dreamers' ideations and an alien invasion. Everett's search SFRA Review #221, page 43

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for Gwen and Cale, who as the result of villainy from an unexpected direction exist now in a sort of parallel dimension accessible by drug injection, wavers as he begins to question the distinctions between the real and the false. Reality be comes seriously dysfunctional in the last grotesque chapters, as Everett seeks love and trust in an unstable world. Lethem employs a clear writing style rich with metaphors (fog and darkness hover throughout the book). He has a gift for hip, unexpected humor that brightens the uncertainties of the plot, as in one conversational exchange: (Harriman) "That's the appeal of the conventional millennialism of your friend Kellogg. He struck all the traditional notes of sin and repentance." (Billy Fault) "Like being stuck in a broken elevator with Bob Dylan." If you like fiction that interrogates the nature of reality and leaves you with some questions, you will enjoy Amnesia Moon. Fiona Kelleghan Nagata, Linda. The Bohr Maker. New York: Bantam, 1995, 325 pages, softcover, $4.99, ISBN 0-553-56925-2. The Bohr Maker is Linda Nagata's first novel, though we know from the excerpt in the back of the book that her next novel will be available in December 1995. Both the current novel and the excerpt from the next should intrigue readers; Nagata is an interesting new voice, combining intricate tech nology with social critique that entertains and appeals without being merely didactic. The world of The Bohr Maker is our world, in some unnamed, not-too-distant future. But this world is made strange by "makers," small, programmable molecular machines that can alter environmental, artificial intelligence, or human in telligence systems. For the most part, only those who live under the Commonwealth, the governing system that con trols most of the first world nations, reap the benefits from these makers: perfect health, perfect hair, safe environments, even a certain degree of control over their own mortality. But makers have not delivered such benefits to the rest of the world, where people in underdeveloped nations live very SFRA Review #221, page 44

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much the way they live in our world: with inadequate food, clothing, and shelter, and under frightening police control. In this world, makers are illegal, and though that doesn't mean they don't exist, it does mean that much of the population considers them a form of sorcery. The first part of the novel establishes these disparate worlds through separate depictions. In the Commonwealth, there is Nikko, the son/creation of an important technician who cre ateS makers and other technology that challenges the limits imposed by the Commonwealth. Nikko realizes that his programmed demise approaches, and seeks the illegal Bohr Maker, which he believes will save him. In the other world, there is Phousita, a young Asian girl who has turned from her life of child prostitution to be, with a young man of similar background named Arif, a leader and protector of a group of street children. The two worlds come together when Phousita is accidentally injected with the Bohr Maker, and when Sandor, the younger brother Nikko has used as a front while pursuing the maker, falls into Phousita's world. Phousita believes first that the maker is plague, and later decides it has given her great powers of sorcery; others around her believe it has made her a messiah. The collision of worlds is a collision of many things: poverty versus privilege, belief in magic versus belief in technology, trust in nature versus trust in science. The story progresses as an intricate, hi-tech, hi stakes game of cops and robbers, as everyone tries to recover the Bohr Maker first. The Bohr Maker offers a complicated plot, one that un folds with new characters and new information about the maker technology; information that requires great attention from the reader. The novel touches on many fascinating, compelling themes, including the one fundamental to the search: what will happen to humanity as we know it depends on who has the Bohr Maker and how they use it. This com plexity, however, is both the fascination and the problem in reading this novel. Nagata marvelously employs the ideas of nanotechnology and elaborate genetic engineering, but the science is intricate and sometimes hard to follow, and the details about the technology itself often obfuscate the consideration of the issues that technology introduces. Contrib uting to this problem is a lack of historical perspective; read ers don't learn how or when or why any of this technology developed. Nagata's ideas offer a compelling -and fright ening world, and one hopes that she will, in future novels, SFRA Review #221, page 45

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continue to create such worlds, but also remember to consider that readers' minds may work less adroitly than her own around such absorbing ideas. Linda C. Macri Pearlman, Daniel. The Final Dream & Other Fictions. San Francisco: Permeable Press, July 1995, 268 pages, illus trated, softcover, $14.95, ISBN 1-882633-05-9. George Zebrowski, in his introduction to this book, reflects that when he was editing an original anthology series, he was concerned about published authors who had been neglected. He continues by saying that too many editors have missed opportunities to publis!1 Pearlman's work, and this collection is an attempt to remedy that. The twelve stories presented here were all previously published during the period from 1988 through 1995. For the most part, the publications in which they appeared are not widely known, so relatively few readers will have seen them. Zebrowski's evaluation of Pearlman is that he writes in the tradition of William Tenn and Ward Moore, with a totighminded view of the future. The stories here are grimmer than those of Tenn and Moore, with a touch of the bizarre . Occasionally funny, frequently satirical, sometimes scato logical, the stories are highly original and often confusingly convoluted. Some may find a few of the stories offensive, but all are well-written and worth reading. The title story is, perhaps, the most bizarre of the lot, dealing with broadcast dreams and "life" after death. Although this book isn't for everyone, it will be a welcome addition for those interested in exploring new avenues. W.D. Stevens Pellegrino, Charles and George Zebrowski. The Killing Star. New York: AvoNova/Morrow, April 1995, 340 pages, hardcover, $22.00, 0-688-13989-2. Dr. Charles Pellegrino is described in the jacket copy for The Killing Star as an astro-paleontologist. He was involved in the expedition that explored the wreckage of the Titanic SFRA Review #221, page 46

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and he is the author of an essay on cloning dinosaurs that apparently gave Michael Crichton the original idea for Juras sic Park. He owns numerous patents and is the co-designer of the not-yet-built Valkyrie anti-matter rocket. His first hard science-fiction novel, Flying to Valhalla (1993), was published to generally good reviews. George Zebrowski, who will be co guest of honor at the 1996 Annual Meeting of the SFRA, is the author of such highly regarded science-fiction novels as Macrolife (1979), The Omega Point Trilogy (1983), and, most recently, Stranger Sun (1991). Together they have produced one of the grimmest SF novels to see print in recent years. Most of the readers of this review will be familiar with SETI, the search for extraterrestrial intelligence, especially as it has been championed by Carl Sagan. One of the basic tenets of SETI is that life, and more specifically intelligent life, should be relatively common in the universe. In order to discover it scientists have searched the sky with great radio telescopes under the logical assumption that any advanced race will undoubtedly be broadcasting. Unfortunately, the results of this project fo date have been zero. Admittedly, scientists have as yet searched only a small part of the sky and have checked only a limited segment of the broadcast spectrum. Still, questions arise: are the optimists who run SET! simply wrong? Is intelligent life actually a much rarer commodity than Carl Sagan has suggested? Might intelligence exist, but have some reason to keep silent? A second assumption of the SETI project has been that any civilization sufficiently advanced to have achieved space travel and interstellar communication will be benevolent, will have outgrown the need for violence. Not every scientist involved in SETI agrees with this assumption, however, and it is upon the work of those at odds with Sagan and company's opti mism that The Killing Star is based. Is interstellar warfare actually a possibility? Most scien tists who have addressed the topic feel that it is not, that the escapades of Star Wars, Hammer's Slammers, the Dorsai choose your favorite military science fiction series are re ally little more than fantasy. The distances are too great; relativity is too formidable a barrier. Pellegrino and Zebrowski, however, beg to differ. Their basic premise is that it would be relatively easy to wage successful, all-out war even at interstellar distances if one has no moral objection either to attacking without warning or to sterilizing the opponent's home planet. All that would be necessary would SFRA Review #221, page 47

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be a limited number of carefully aimed projectiles travelling at relativistic speeds. No defense would be possible against such an attack. A logical corollary to this idea is that, since there is no defense against an assault by relativistic projectiles, it is therefore necessary to attack any and all potential enemies before they can attack you. Given this corollary, the radio silence of the surrounding universe takes on an ominous note. If intelligent life exists out there, is it keeping silent for fear of attack? Alternately, might most of the intel ligent races that have developed in the universe already have been wiped out by one or more particularly successful predator species? The next point to consider is this: Earth has been broad casting at a variety of radio wavelengths for about a century now. Might our radio waves have already reached one of these predator species? Might they already be responding? In The Killing Star, this form of apocalypse comes to Earth in the year 2076. A scientist at Miranda Station near Pluto rec ognizes the threat for what it is, but it's far too late to do anything to avert the catastrophe. Bombs travelling at 92 percent of the speed of light quickly take out Earth's colonies on the various moons, asteroids, and planets of the solar sys tem. Then the Earth is hit by a massive attack. A few thousand human beings survive across the system, in isolated research stations and space habitats. Two people, who happen to be in a submarine at the bottom of a deep-ocean trench, struggle for their lives on an Earth now devoid of other life forms. It is clear, however, that the unknown aliens are not willing to rest on their laurels. Their goal is the complete extermination of all human life, and they're willing to pursue their quarry into the sun itself to accomplish this task. Much of The Killing Star is taken up by the desperate and ingenious attempts of that small remnant of humanity to maintain its existence and even to fight back in the face of an overwhelmingly powerful enemy, but I'm not going to spoil the book by revealing the ending. The Killing Star is not a flawless novel. The writing style is a bit uneven and the characters have little depth. Large lumps of expository matter might have been handled better. Still, this a very powerful story, and very much the stuff of nightmares. I strongly recommend it. I would also suggest that it might be read in conjunction with another recent SF novel on a similar theme, Jack McDevitt's excellent Engines of Creation (1994). Michael M. Levy SFRA Review #221, page 48

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I IU44:j of 1995 Reviews Fiction & Poetry Anonymous (Editor). Future Quartet: Earth in the Year 2042: A Four-Part Invention. (George E. Kelley, #215, p. 45) Asaro, Catherine. Primary Inversion. (George E. Kelley, #218, p.53) Barlow, Robert H. & H.P. Lovecraft. The Hoard of the Wizard Beast and One Other. (Philip E. Kaveny, #218, p. 21) Barnes, john. Mother of Storms. (Richard Mathews, #216, p. 25) Baxter, Stephen. Anti-Ice. (Joe Sanders, #217, p. 43) Bear, Greg. Legacy. (Richard D. Davis, #220, p. 55) Bell, Clare. The Jaguar Princess. (Janice M. Bogstad, #217, p. 43) Besher, Alexander. RIM: A Novel of Virtual Reality. (Joe Sanders,#216,p.43) Blake, Sterling (Gregory Benford). Chiller. (Karen Hellekson, #220, p. 58) Boston, Bruce. Accursed Wives. (Sandra j. Lindow, #215, p. 43) Boston, Bruce. Specula: Selected Uncollected Poems, 1968-1993. (Michael Collings, #215, p. 44) Brin, David. Brightness Reef. (George E. Kelley, #220, p. 60) Cannon, P.H. Scream for Jeeves: A Parody. (Bill Collins, #216, p. 44) Collings, Michael R. A Vapor of Vampires. (Michael M. Levy, #216, p. 45) Conner, Michael. Archangel. (Agatha Taormina, #218, p. 54) Crowley, john. Love and Sleep. (Joseph Marchesani, #216, p.46) de Lint, Charles. The Ivory and the Horn: A Newford Collec tion. (Sandra J. Lindow, #220, p. 61) DeCarlo, Elisa. The Devil You Say. (Peter Cannon, #215, p. 47) DeCarlo, Elisa. Strong Spirits. (Peter Cannon, #215, p. 47) Delaney, Samuel R. They Fly at (;iron. (Joseph Marchesani, #219,p.45) Di Filippo, Paul. The Steampunk Trilogy. (W.D. Stevens, #218, p.55) Ecklar, Julia. Regenesis. (Karen Hellekson, #219, p. 77) Ford, john M. Growing Up Weightless. (Sandra j. Lindow, #217,p.44) SFRA Review #221, page 49

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Frank, Janrae; Jean Stine & Forrest J. Ackerman (Editors). New Eves: Science Fiction about the Extraordinary Woman of Today and Tomorrow. (Lynn Williams, #218, p. 56) Furey, Maggie. A urian. (Sherry Stoskopf, #217, p. 46) Furey, Maggie. Harp of Winds. (Sherry Stoskopf, #211, p. 46) Gifford, Barry. Hotel Room Trilogy. (Samuel]. Umland, #218, p.13) Goldstein, Lisa. Travellers in Magic. (Sandra J. Lindow, #216, p.48) Goodkind, Terry. Wizard's First Rule. (Sherry Stoskopf, #216, p.50) Griffith, Nicola. Ammonite. (Diana Francis, #215, p. 48) Griffith, Nicola. Slow River. (Amy Sisson, #219, p. 78) Hartwell, David & Glenn Grant. Northern Stars: The Anthol-ogy of Canadian Science Fiction. (Douglas Barbour, #215, p.49) Jacques, Brian. The BeIlmaker. (Sandra Cammilleri, #218, p. 57) James, Del. The Language of Fear. (Samuel]. Umland, #217, p.47) Kerr, Katharine. Days of Air and Darkness. (Sherry Stoskopf, #215, p. 50) Ligotti, Thomas. Noctuary. (Douglas A. Anderson, #219, p. 79) Loudon, Jane. The Mummy!: A Tale of the 22nd Century. (Everett F. Bleiler, #220, p. 62) Louvish, Simon. The Resurrections. (Tom Feller, #217, p. 48) Lovecraft, H.P. The Shadow Over Innsmouth. (Philip E. Kaveny,#215,p.51) Lovecraft, H.P. (edited by S.T. Joshi). MisceIJaneous Writings. (Douglas A. Anderson, #218, p. 17) Lunde, David. Blues for Port City. (Sandra]. Lindow, #220, p.64) Malzberg, Barry N. (with Mike Resnick & Anthony R. Lewis, Editors). Passage of the Light: The Recursive Science Fiction of Barry N. MaIzberfi. (Janice M. Rogstad, #215, p. 52) McCarthy, Wi!. Aggressor Six. (Paul Abell, #216, p. 51) McDonald, Ian. Terminal Cafe. (Michael M. Levy, #217, p. 49) McKillip, Patricia A. Brian Froud's Faerielands: Something Rich and Strange. (C.W. Sullivan III, #216, p. 51) Mohan, Kim (Editor). Amazing Stories. (Arthur O. Lewis, #220, p. 66) SFRA Review#221, page 50

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Morris, Kenneth (Douglas A. Anderson, Editor). The Dragon Path: Collected Stories of Kenneth Morris. (Richard Terra, #218, p. 58) O'Neil, Dennis. Batman: Knightfall. (Suzette]. Henderson, #215,p.53) Resnick, Mike. A Miracle of Rare Design. (Michael M. Levy, #217,p.51) Resnick, Mike; Martin H. Greenberg & Loren D. Estleman (Edi tors). Deals with the Devil. (Philip E. KavenY,#217,p. 52) Sargent, Pamela (Editor). Women of Wonder: The Classic Years. (Sandra]. Lindow, #219, p. 31) Sargent, Pamela (Editor). Women of Wonder: The Contemporary Years. (Sandra]. Lindow, #219, p. 31) Schlobin, Roger. Fire and Fur: The Last Sorcerer Dragon (electronic book). (Martha A. Bartter, #220, p. 67) Scott, Melissa. Trouble and Her Friends. (Janice M. Bogstad, #216, p. 52) Senkovsky, Osip (edited by Louis Pedrotti). The Fantastic Journeys of Baron Brambeus. (Richard Terra, #215, p. 55) Siciliano, Sam. Angel of the Opera. (Elaine Coppola, #215, p. 57) Smith, Clark Ashton (edited by Will Murray with Steve Behrends). Tales of Zothique. (Joe Sanders, #220, p. 68) Smith, Cordwainer (edited hy George Flynn). Norstrilia. (John ]. Pierce, #218, p. 59) Smith, Cordwainer (edited by James A. Mann). The Rediscovery of Man: The Complete Short Science Fiction of Cordwainer Smith. (David Sandner, #218, p. 61) Stableford, Brian. Firefly: A Novel of the Far Future. (Arthur O. Lewis, #218, p. 62) Sterling, Bruce. Globalhead. (Philip E. Kaveny, #216, p. 54) Sterling, Bruce. Heavy Weather. (Richard Mathews, #216, p. 25) Sturgeon, Theodore (edited by Paul Williams) The Ultimate Egoist: Volume I: The Complete Stories of Theodore Stur geon. (W.D. Stevens, #218, p. 63) Swann, S. Andrew. Specters of the Dawn. (John Nordlie, #215, p.59) Tepper, Sheri S. Shadow's End. (Joan Gordon, #216, p. 55) Trevino, Jesus Salvador. The Fabulous Sinkhole and Other Stories. (Richard Terra, #219, p. 80) Williamson, ].N. Bloodlines. (Wendy Bousfield, #215, p. 59) Windling, Terri (Editor). The Armless Maiden and Other Tales of Childhood's Survivors. (Sandra J. Lindow, #218, p. 64) Wolfe, Gene. Calde of the Long Sun. (Joan Gordon, #215, p. 60) SFRA Review #221, page 51

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Yolen, Jane (Editor). Xanadu 3. (Sandra]. Lindow, #217, p. 53) Zahn, Timothy. Conqueror's Pride. (Agatha Taormina, #217, p.55) Zanger, Molleen. Gardenias Where There Are None. (Veronice Hollinger, #218, p. 67) Nonfiction Andre-Druissi, Michael. Lexicon Urth us. (Peter Wright, #219, p.55) Ashley, Mike. The Work of William F. Temple: An Annotated Bibliography & Guide. (Michael M. Levy, #217, p. 27) Ashley, Mike & William G. Contento. The Supernatural In dex: A Listing of Fantasy, Supernatural, Occult, Weird, and Horror Anthologies. (Michael A. Morrison, #220, p. 33) Bansak, Edmund G. Fearing the Dark: The Val Lewton Ca reer. (Walter Albert, #219, p. 56) Barron, Neil. Anatomy of Wonder, 4th edition. (Philip E. Kaveny & Janice M. Bogstad, #218, p. 23) Bloom, Harold. Classic Fantasy Writers. (Janice M. Bogstad, #220, p. 35) Bloom, Harold. Classic Science Fiction Writers. (Sherry Stoskopf, #220, p. 36) Bloom, Harold. Modern Fantasy Writers. (Joan Gordon, #220, p.37) Booker, M. Keith. The Dystopian Impulse in Modern Litera ture: Fiction as Social Criticism. (Arthur O. Lewis, #215, p. 17) Booker, M. Keith. Dystopian Literature: A Theory and Re search Guide. (Arthur O. Lewis, #215, p. 17) Burrows, Toby. Comics in Australia and New Zealand: The Collections, The Collectors, the Creators. (Darren Harris Fain, #219, p. 58) Christophersen, Bill. Apparition in the Glass: Charles Brockden Brown's American Gothic. (Ted Billy, #215, p. 27) Conger, Syndy McMillen. Mary Wollstonecraft and the Lan guage of Sensibility. (Philip E. Kaveny, #220, p. 38) Delaney, Samuel. Silent Interviews: On Language, Race, Sex, Science Fiction, and Some Comics. (Joseph Marchesani, #219, p. 45) Dery, Mark (Editor). Flame Wars: The Discourse of Cyberculture. (Edgar V. McKnight Jr., #219, p. 59) Donawerth, Jane and Carol Kolmerten (Editors). Utopian and Science Fiction by Women: Worlds of Difference. (Susan SFRA Review #221, page 52

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Stone-Blackburn, #216, p. 31) Elms, Alan C. Uncovering Lives: The Uneasy Alliance of Biography and Psychology. (Jack Williamson, #216, p. 32) Franklin, H. Bruce. Future Perfect: American Science Fiction of the Nineteenth Century, Revised Edition. (Michael M. Levy, #219, p. 61) Fury, David. Kings of the jungle: An Illustrated Reference to "Tarzan" on Screen and Television. (Michael Klossner, #217, p. 28) Goldberg, Lee, et al. Science Fiction Filmmaking in the 1980s: Interviews with Actors, Directors, Producers and Writers. (Michael Klossner, #219, p. 62) Harbottle, Philip & Stephen Holland. British SF Paperbacks and Magazines, 1949-1956: An Annotated Bibliography and Guide. (Hal Hall, #220, p. 40) Hardy, Phil (Editor). The Overlook Film Encyclopedia: Horror. (Michael Klossner, #216, p. 33) Harger-Grinling, Virginia & Tony Chadwick (Editors). RobbeGrillet and the Fantastic: A Collection of Essays. (Betsy Harfst, #217, p. 29) Harrold, John R. 8 Great Science Fiction Classics. (Sherry Stoskopf, #216, p. 35) Haschak, Paul. UtopianlDystopian Literature: An Annotated Bibliography. (Michael M. Levy, #215, p. 29) Hauck, Dennis William. William Shatner: A Bio-Bibliography. (Agatha Taormina, #215, p. 30) Hayden, Teresa Nielsen. Making Book. (B. Diane Miller, #215, p.32) Heller, Steven & Seymour Chwast. jackets Required: An Illustrated History of American Book jacket Design, 1920-1950. (Neil Barron, #218, p. 27) Hoppenstand, Gary. Clive Barker's Short Stories: Imagina tion as Metaphor in the Books of Blood and Other Works. (Michael A. Morrison, #217, p. 32) Ishihara, Fujio. S-F Tosho Kaisetsu S6mokuroku 1971-1980 (S-F Grand Annotated Catalogue 1971-1980). (Everett F. Bleiler, #216, p. 35) Jacob, Merle and Hope Apple. To Be Continued: An Annotated Guide to Sequels. (Bob Blackwood, #220, p. 41) James, Edward. Science Fiction in the Twentieth Century. (Neil Barron,.#216, p. 37) Joshi, S.T. Lord Dunsany: Master of the Anglo-Irish Imagina tion. (Richard Terra, #219, p. 63) Joshi, S.T. & David E. Schultz. H.P. Lovecraft: Letters to Samuel Loveman & Vincent Starrett. (Philip E. Kaveny, #218, p. 21 ) SFRA Review #221, page 53

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Joshi, S.T.; Will Murray and David E. Schultz (Editors). The H.P. Lovecraft Dream Book. (Wendy Bousfield, #217, p. 35) Kessler, Carol Farley. Charlotte Perkins Gilman: her progress toward utopia and selected writings. (Michael Orth, #218, p.29) Korshak, Stephen D. (Editor). A Hannes Bok Showcase. (Walter Albert, #218, p. 34) Larson, Randall D. Films into Books: An Analytical Bibliography of Film Novelizations, Movies and TV Tie-ins. (Neil Barron, #220, p. 43) Laverty, David. Full of Secrets: Critical Approaches to Twin Peaks. (Richard D. Davis, #218, p. 11) Leeds, Marc. The Vonnegut Encyclopedia: An Authorized Compendium. (Edgar V. McKnight Jr., #217, p. 21) Lerner, Fred. A Bookman's Fantasy: How Science Fiction Be came Respectable. (W.D. Stevens, #217, p. 37) Lloyd, Ann. The Films of Stephen King. (Joe Sanders, #217, p.37) Lynn, Ruth Nadelman. Fantasy Literature for Children and Young Adults, Fourth Edition. (C.W. Sullivan III, #219, p. 64) MacNee, Marie]. Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Writers. (Neil Barron, #220, p. 44) McCarthy, Helen. Anime! A Beginner's Guide to japanese Animation. (Michael Klossner, #218, p. 35) McWhorter, George T. The Arthur Rackham Memorial Col lection. (Walter Albert, #215, p. 35) Mustazza, Leonard (Editor). The Critical Response to Kurt Vonnegut. (Edgar V. McKnight Jr., #217, p. 21) Pastourmatzi, Domna. Bibliography of [Greek] Science Fic tion, Fantasy and Horror: 1960-1993. (Hal Hail, #220, p. 46) Priest, Christopher. The Book on the Edge of Forever: An Enquiry into the Non-Appearance of Harlan Ellison's Lise Dangerous Visions. (Neil Barron, #215, p. 33) Riall, Richard. Arthur Rackham: 1867-1939: Books and Articles with his Illustrations. (Walter Albert, #215, p. 35) Rothschild, D. Aviva. Graphic Novels: A Bibliographic Guide to Book-Length Comics. (Lynn Williams, #220, p. 47) Sanders, Joe (Editor). Science Fiction Fandom. (B. Diane Miller, #216, p. 39) Scheick, William]. The Critical Response to H.G. Wells. (John Huntington, #218, p. 36) Schlobin, Roger C. & Irene R. Harrison (Editors). Andre Norton: A Primary and Secondary Bibliography. (Janice SFRA Review #221, page 54

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M. Bogstad, #218, p. 38) Shands, Kerstin W. The Repair of the World: The Novels of Marge Piercy. (Michael Orth, #219, p. 65) Silver, Alain and James Ursini. More Things Than Are Dreamt Of: Masterpieces of Supernatural Horror, from Mary Shelley to Stephen King, in Literature and Film. (Walter Albert, #218,p.39) Spivack, Charlotte & Roberta Lynne Staples. The Company of Camelot: Art/wri;l11 Characters in Romance and Fan tasy. (Ray Thompson, #218, p. 40) Squires, Richard D. Stem Fathers 'neath the mould: The Lovecraft Family in Rochester. (Wendy Bousfield, #218, p. 20) Stableford, Brian. Algebraic Fantasies and Realistic Romances: More Masters of Science Fiction. (Sherry Stoskopf, #218, p.42) Stanley, John. john Stanley's Creature Features Movie Guide Strikes Again, Fourth Edition. (Michael Klossner, #217, p. 38) Stapleton, Amy. Utopias for a Dying World: Contemporary German Science Fiction's Plea for a New Ecological Aware ness. (Joseph Marchesani, #215, p. 37) Stuart, Roxana. Stage Blood: Vampires of the 19th-Century Stage. (Veronica Hollinger, #219, p. 70) Sutin, Lawrence (Editor). The Shifting Realities of Philip K. Dick. (Samuel]. Umland, #219, p. 72) Tolkien, ].R.R. (edited by Christopher Tolkien). War of the jewels: The Later Silmarillion, Part Two. (Janice M. Bogstad & Philip E. Kaveny, #219, p. 74) Treglown, Jeremy. Roald Dahl. (Fiona Kelleghan, #220, p. 48) Umland, Samuel]. Philip K. Dick: Contemporary Critical In terpretations. (Bernard]. Farber, #218, p. 44) Van Hise, James (Editor). Pulp Heroes of the Thirties. (Rob ert]. Ewald, #215, p. 40) Vaz, Mark Cotta & Shinji Hata. From Star Wars to Indiana jones: The Best of the Lucasfilm Archives. (Neil Barron, #217, p. 39) Veldman, Meredith. Fantasy, the Bomb and the Greening of Britain: Romantic Protest, 1945-1980. (Suzette]. Henderson, #218, p. 46) Warren, Alan. Roald Dahl: From the Gremlins to the Choco late Factory. (C.W. Sullivan III, #218, p. 49) Weaver, Torn. Attack of the Monster Movie Makers: Inter views with 20 Genre Giants. (Peter Wright, #215, p. 41) Weisser, Thomas. Asian Trash Cinema: The Book. (Michael SFRA Review #221, page 55

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Klossner, #218, p. 50) Wolf, Milton T. & Daryl F. Mallett. Imaginative Futures: Pro ceedings of the 1993 Science Fiction Research Association Conference. (Neil Barron, #217, p. 40) Zipes, Jack. Fairy Tale as Myth/Myth as Fairy Tale. (Sandra ]. Lindow, #220, p. 50) Other Features 1995 Pilgrim Award Acceptance Speech (Vivian Sobchak, #220, p. 27) 1995 Pilgrim Award Presentation Speech (Brian Attebery, #220, p. 25) 1995 Pioneer Award Presentation Speech (Brooks Landon, #220, p. 23) 1995 SFRA Conference "A Certain Inherent Kindness: An Interview with Lois McMaster Bujold" (Michael M. Levy, #220, p. 15) SFRA Review#221, page 56

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':mODUS;' Addresses = ABC-CLIO, 130 Cremona Dr, Santa Barbara CA 93117 Buttonwood Press, PO Box 59837, Potomac MD 20859-9837 Greenwood Press, PO Box 5007, Westport CT 06881-5007 (1800-225-5800) Hyperion Press Inc, 47 Riverside Avenue, Westport CT 06880 Kent State University Press, Marketing Department, PO Box 5190, Kent OH 44242-0001 McFarland, Box 611, Jefferson NC 28640 Charles F. Miller, 708 Westover Dr., Lancaster PA 17601 Morpheus International, 9250 Wilshire Blvd., Suite LLl5, Beverly Hills CA 90212 Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Ave., New York NY 10016 Permeable Press, 47 Noe Street #4, San Francisco CA 94114-1017 Syracuse University Press, 1600 Jamesville Avenue, Syracuse NY 13244-5160 (315-443-5547) Twayne Publishers, Macmillan Publishing Company, 866 Third Avenue, New York NY 10022 University of Iowa Press, Iowa City IA 52242 University of Michigan Press, Box 1104, 839 Green St, Ann Arbor MI 48106 SFRA Review #221, page 57

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SFRA Review #221 page 58

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THE SCIENCE FICTION RESEARCH ASSOCIATION The SFRA is the oldest professional organization for the study of science fiction, fantasy, and horror/Gothic literature and film, as well as utopian studies. Founded in 1970, the SFRA was organized to improve classroom teaching, encourage and assist scholarship, and evaluate and publicize new books and magazines dealing with fan tastic literature and film. Among the membership are people from many countries authors, editors, publishers, librarians, students, teachers, and other interested readers. Academic affiliation is not a requirement for membership. SFRA BENEFITS INCLUDE: Extrapolation. Quarterly magazine; the oldest journal in the field, with critical, historical, and bibliographical articles, book reviews, letters, occasional special topic issues, and annual index. Science-Fiction Studies. Trimesterly magazine; includes critical, his torical, and bibliographical articles, review articles, reviews, notes, letters, international coverage, and annual index. SFRA Review. Bimonthly magazine; an organ of the SFRA, this maga zine includes extensive book reviews of both nonfiction and fiction, review articles, listings of new and forthcoming books, letters, SFRA internal affairs, calls for papers, works in progress, and annual index. SFRA Directory. Annual directory; lists members' names and ad dresses, phone numbers, and special interests. Foundation. (For an additional fee see next page). Trimesterly magazine; discount on subscription price; includes critical, historical, and bibliographical articles, reviews, letters. AS A MEMBER YOU ARE ALSO INVITED TO: Attend our annual meetings, held in a different location each year. Members and guests many of them professional writers present papers, share information, and discuss common interests, all in a relaxed, informal environment. Much of the significant scholarly literature, available at discounted prices, is displayed. The Pilgrim and Pioneer Awards for distinguished contributions to SF or fantasy scholarship are presented at a dinner meeting. Participate in the Association's activities. Vote in elections, serve on committees, and hold office. Join the SFRA section on GEnie, where the SFRT (SF Round Table) has a private category where SFRA members meet in "cyberspace" to conduct business, exchange information, or enjoy real-time discus sions. Contribute to the "Support a Scholar" program. SFRA members help needy young scholars here and overseas continue their study of SF/F. [Annual membership dues cover only the actual costs of providing benefits to members, and ref1ect a modest savings over subscriptions to the publications listed above. Your dues may be tax deductible.) SFRA Review #221, page 59

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SFRA MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION Please mail this completed form with your check for dues, payable to SFRA (U.S. dollars only, please) to: Robert]. Ewald, SFRA Treasurer, 552 W. Lincoln St., Findlay OH 45840 .!2.J.!.f.s..; U.S.A. Canada Overseas Individual 1 $60 $65 $70 ]oint2 $70 $75 $80 Student3 $50 $55 $60 Institution4 $80 $80 $80 Emeritus 5 $30 $35 $40 If you wish to receive the British journal Foundation (3 issues per year), add $17 ($20 for airmail). 1 all standard listed benefits 2 two members in the same household; two listings in the Directory, but will receive one set of journals 3 category may be used for a maximum of five years 4 all privileges except voting 5 receives SFRA Review and Directory This membership application is for the calendar year 1996. This information will appear in the 1996 SFRA Directory. Name: ____________________________________________ Mailing Address: ____________________________________ Home Phone: __________________________________ Business Phone : ________________________________ Fax number: __________________________________ E-mail Address: ____________________________ "_ My principal interests in fantastic literature are (limit to 30 words): Repeat last year's entry _______ SFRA Review #221, page 60


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