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P-x measurements for 2-ethoxyethanol and four chlorinated hydrocarbons at 303.15 K

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Material Information

Title:
P-x measurements for 2-ethoxyethanol and four chlorinated hydrocarbons at 303.15 K
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Pathare, Salil Milan
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla.
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
barkers
chemical constant
association
Dissertations, Academic -- Chemical Engineering -- Masters -- USF   ( lcsh )
Genre:
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Summary:
ABSTRACT: Total pressure measurements at 303.15 K are reported for the binary systems of 2-ethoxyethanol with carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane and dichloromethane. Total pressure measurements for the system of hexane and 2-ethoxyethanol were also made to check the validity of the experimental apparatus and procedure. These measurements were taken according to the static method proposed by Van Ness (1975). Data reduction was accomplished using Barker's Method. The modified Margules equation was used as a model for the excess Gibbs free energy (GE) and parameter values were obtained by regression of the experimental data. The obtained data were used to test the association model developed by Kretschmer and Wiebe (1967). In its original form, the Kretschmer-Wiebe model assumes self-association between molecules of 2-ethoxyethanol. An extended form of the Kretschmer-Wiebe model, in which cross-association of 2-ethoxyethanol with the halogenated hydrocarbon is postulated, was examined as well. The regular solution model, which results from the above theories when all association is neglected, was also examined. It was found that the Kretschmer-Wiebe model was far superior to the regular solution model. However, the extended form of the Kretschmer-Wiebe model showed less improvement over the original form.
Thesis:
Thesis (M.S.Ch.E.)--University of South Florida, 2003.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
System Details:
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Salil Milan Pathare.
General Note:
Title from PDF of title page.
General Note:
Document formatted into pages; contains 94 pages.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001447455
oclc - 54067816
notis - AJN3899
usfldc doi - E14-SFE0000196
usfldc handle - e14.196
System ID:
SFS0024892:00001


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PAGE 25

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PAGE 26

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2 2 ¢ ]£EƒIYOSC¤@NWYWDRGA@AtVIY‚—@TlGABD>K=xGNRŽ¦p§¨OSC¤@gC[C\MPTŽ>AB@N]KBkNMA>ACwC[>ACxGNR Wg@NRZ@YTl>mE>NRZCŽOj]vEƒIg>TlGABD>K=@NR>ŒTl@ABD> `a Ig>Œ>VUXW}>NROTŽ>N]VE@Y=zWYR>ACwC\MR> ‹ @K=SMD>AC @N]KBEƒIK>TŽGY=S>]KMPT|Q}>NRCl@NRZ>vxZ>ABOj]†EG¨EƒIA>@N=SkYGNRO?EƒIKT ` h ==EƒIK>TŽ@AC[C–O]¨EƒIK> >ALNMPO=OjQYROMDT tw>K==POSC@ACwC\MPTŽ>AB„EG|Q}>|Oj]{=OSLYMPO?B¨WYIK@AC[>Ž@N]AB¨Qg@ACw>AB…GN]HEƒIPOSC\‚XEƒIK> =OSLYMPOSB WYIK@AC[>t[GYT…WgGAC\O?EOSGN]AC@NRZ>t[@Y=St\MP=S@E›>AB ` IK>N]tw@K=StˆMN=S@VE>AB WYR>ACwC\MR>AC @N]KB ‹ @NWgGNRTlGN=S>–xR@AtEOSGN]KC@NRZ>…GNQVE@YOj]A>ABP‚¡xGN==SG o >ABQˆŒ@=SGAGNWŽEƒIA@mE@ABwƒMYCEC EƒIK>v=OSLYMNOSBWYIK@AC[>…twGYT|W}GAC\O?EJOSGY]KCBNMD>–EG–EIg>WDR>AC[>N]Ktw>…GmxEJIK> ‹ @NW}GNRWYIK@ACw> ` ]Ktw>|EƒIK>WDIA@ACw>¨twGYT|W}GAC\O?EJOSGN]KC–IK@ ‹ >CE@NQAO=O‡ˆ>ABP‚šEƒIK>¨GNQ>AtEO ‹ >…xMN]KtEOSGN]ŒOSC t[@N=St[MP=S@mE>AB ` ¢ x…EƒIK>GNQ>AtEJO ‹ >xM]At€EOSGN] OSCT…O]DOT–O?‡ˆ>ABP‚lEƒIg> WYRZGAt[>ABNMRZ> OSC CEGNWDWg>AB¨GmEƒIK>NR o OSC>]K> o ‹ @K=MK>ACGmxEIK>Wg@YR@YTŽ>mE>NRC—@NR>…@AC[CˆMPTl>AB@K]KB|EƒIK> WYRZGAt[>ABNMRZ>OSCR>NW}>A@mE>ABM]gEJO=EƒIA>xM]Kt€EJOSGY]OSCT–O]YOST–O?‡>AB ` ¢ ]EƒIK>WDR>AC[>N]†E CEMDBm‚@ s h WYRGAkR@YT Qg@ACw>AB G] EƒIYOSC@Y=SkYGNRO?EƒIKT o @ACMDC[>AB EG BY>mE>NR›T–Oj]K>EIK>lt[GYT…WgGAC\O?EOSGY]AC•@N]KB|WYRZ>AC[CˆMiRZ> ` h ]K> o TlGABD>K=Gmx~¦ § OSC—@AC[C\MDTl>ABP‚z@N]KB–EƒIK>vWDRGAt[>ABPMR>OSC„RZ>NWg>A@mE›>ABN‚O?x EƒIK>BY> ‹ O@mEJOSGN]KCQg>VE o >A>Y]>VUXWg>NROSTŽ>N]VE@Y= ‹ @N=MD>ACŒ@N]KBtw@K=St[MP=S@mE>AB ‹ @Y=MA>ACŒGmx WYRZ>AC[C\MRZ>AC@NRZ>|]KGmE o OEƒIDO]„>VUXWg>NROT„>N]mE@Y=K>KRRGNR ` _a`_ œGABiOxZOS>AB…œ@NRZkNMP=S>ACœGABY>Y= ¢ ]GNRBD>NR…EG Tl@N’†> MDC[>GmxŒP@NR’†>NR“?CTŽ>mEƒIKGABN‚¨OEOSC]}>At[>ACwC[@NRn EG O]KtwGNRWgGNRZ@mE>@x=S>VUOjQA=?>¦‘§TŽGABY>Y=‚ o IDOStIt[@N]Qg>xZOEE>ABxGNR„@ ‹ @NROS>mEGmx C€PCE>YTlC o OEƒIDO]v>VUXW†>NROSTŽ>N]VE@Y=>NRRGNR `P IK>¨TŽGABY>N=twGN]AC\OSBA>NRZ>ABOj]{EJIDOSCCEMDBm OSCEƒI}>œGABNO?xO?>AB œ@NRkPMN=S>ACTŽGABY>Y= ` IYOSCTŽGABY>N= o @ACBY> ‹ >K=SGNW}>AB Q@N] >AC[C ^bg ird}e"o IYO=S>H@mEE>YT…WVEO]AklEGxO?EpTŽ@N]ˆvBNO?x"xZ>NR>N]VE"C€PC€E>YTŽC `

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2 3 IK>lTlGABOxOS>AB|œ@NRZkNMN=S>AC•TlGABD>K=POSC [ ] 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 1 x x x x x x x A x A x R T x G Eh a a a a+ + + =^_a`cbg Pe IK>ltwGNRR>ACVWgGN]KBiO]Kk–@AtEJO ‹ O?Ec…twGA>xxZOSt\O>N]gECyxGNRz@…QYO]A@NR…C€PC€E>YT @NR>( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) + + + + + + + = 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 l n x x x x x x x x x x x x x A A A xh a a h a a a h a a a a g^_a`DPe( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) + + + + + + + = 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 l n x x x x x x x x x x x x x A A A xh a a h a a a h a a a a g^_a`abge IK>xO?x"EƒI…W}@NR@YTŽ>E>NR h OSCOj]Kt\=SMYBD>AB–GN]D=lxGNREIA>ŽC[@N’>lGmxt[GYT…WA=S>mEJOSGN] ` ¢ ] R>A@N=OE‚OEO?C”MDC>AB–GN]D={xGNRzCƒPCE>YTlC o IYOSt\I„BNOSCWA=S@V¨IDOSkiI{]AGN]DƒOBY>A@Y=OEJOS>AC EƒIK@mE ‹ >NRZkY>lGN]{WYIK@ACw>lCWA=OEEO]Ak ` ¢ ]EIK>|WYRZ>mCw>N]mE"C€EMYBg‚ h OSC•t[GN]KC\OBY>NRZ>AB ‡ˆ>NRZG `

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2 4 u~ua AyzazmHaa–‘Pzy† Ÿ MRO?E GmxEƒIK> t\IK>YT–OStw@K=C MDC[>AB O] EJIDO?C CEMDBm OSC ‹ >NRO?xO?>AB Qˆ t[GYT…Wg@NROj]Ak EIA> TH>A@AC\MR>AB ‹ @NWgGNRWYRZ>AC[CˆMiRZ>ACEG WYR> ‹ OSGYMDC\= Tl>A@ACˆMiRZ>AB ‹ @K=MD>AC ` GYT|W}@NROSC[GN]GmxWKMiRZ>¤t[GYT…WgGN]K>N]gE ‹ @NW}GNRWDR>AC[CˆMR>ACTŽ>A@AC\MRZ>ABOj] EƒIK>vWDR>AC[>N]gECEMDBm…EG„EƒIKGAC[>{Gmx~GmEƒIg>NR~>VUXW†>NROTŽ>N]gE>NRZCqOSC”C\IAG o ]…Oj] @NQA=?> a` ¢ E OSC t\=S>A@NR= CVIAG o ] xRZGYT EIA> E@NQA=> EƒIK@mE EƒIK> ‹ @K=SMD> xZGNR t[@NRQgGN] E>mEƒR@AtVIY=SGNROSBY>–OSC•C=OSkNIgEJ=¨=S>AC[CEƒIA@N]HEƒI}>qE o G ‹ @N=MY>ACR>NW}GNRcE>AB ` ]HEƒIA>ŽGmEƒIA>NR IK@N]ABP‚EƒIK> ‹ @K=SMD>xZGNR•tIP=SGNRZGmxGNRT OSCC\=OSkIVE=IYOSkNIK>NREƒIK@N]EƒIA>E o G ‹ @K=SMD>AC R>NW}GNRcE>AB `‘ IK>BOSC[tVR>NWg@N]Kt\O>AC@NR> o O?EIYOj]¤EƒIK>>ˆUXWg>NROTŽ>K]gE@Y=>NRRGNR—Gmx”EƒIK> WYRZ>AC[>N]gE‘CEMDBm ` @N=MK>AC–GmxCw>At[GN]KB ‹ OjRO@K=št[GA>VxcxOSt\O?>N]†EC–@N]KBŒC[@mEMR@mE>AB¤=OSLYMPOSB ‹ GK=MDTl>AC MDC[>AB@NRZ>¤kNO ‹ >K]O] @NQA=S>  ¡` >At[GN]KB ‹ OjROS@K=ut[GA>mxcxOt\OS>K]gEC o >NR>¤tw@K=t\MP=S@E>AB MDC\Oj]AklEIA>–@VPBD>K]D “ GN]P]K>K== ^bV rdKe t[GNRR>Y=S@mEJOSGN] ` >ALPMNOjR>ABŽt[GN]KCE@N]†ECFxGNR EƒIK>tID=SGNRGA@Y=j’†@N]g>AC o >NR>£GNQVE@YOj]A>ABxRGYT s R>ABY>N]KC\=MP]AB>mE{@Y= ^bg irPrKe @N]KB EƒIKGAC[>xGNR >mEƒIKGVUmP>mEIK@N]KGK= o >NR>GNQ†E@KOj]}>mB@AC{BY>AC[tVROjQ}>ABQ @NRTŽGN]K@>mE @N= ^DPPYe[` GN= ‹ @EOSGN] W}@NR@YTŽ>mE>NRC xGNR Oj]gE>NR@AtEOSGY]AC Q}>mE o >A>Y] >mEƒIKGVUAY>mEƒIK@Y]AGY=@N]KBEƒIA>tIY=SGNRZGA@N=’†@N]K>AC o >NR>GNQ†E@NOj]K>ABxRZGYT Ÿ R@YMDC]DO?E‡…>mE @N= ^bm PŠDNe @N]AB…@NRZ> ‚ ¡`cb ‚ @N]KB xGNR‘tw@NRQ}GN]–E>mEƒRZ@AtID=SGNROSBY>Y‚tVIY=SGNRGmxZGNRT{‚ b ‚ BNOStID=SGNRGA>mEƒIK@K]K>l@Y]KB–BNOStVIY=SGNRZGYTl>mEIK@N]A>A‚šRZ>ACW}>AtEO ‹ >K= `

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2 5 @mEMRZ@mE>AB|=OSLYMPOSB ‹ GY=MNT„>ACFxGNR >mEJIKGVUAP>VEJIK@N]KGK= o >NR>HGNQ†E@KOj]K>AB xRGYT CˆTlGAGmEƒIDO]Kk ‹ @K=SMD>ACyxRGYT OSBYBNOSt\’—>VE~@N= ^bg YŠPfPe @N]ABH>K]P’†@mE›>AC\MN=MŽ>mE~@K= ^bg P irDepo IYO=?>EƒIKGAC[>xGNRut[@NRQgGN]HE>mEƒR@AtVIY=SGNROSBD>Y‚a@N]AB{t\IY=SGNRZGmxGNRT o >NR> E@N’†>N]xRGYT EƒIK>– ¢ ŸAŸ BD@mE@NQg@AC[> `v @mEMR@mE>AB|=OSLYMNOSB ‹ GN=SMPTl>ACxGNR BiOStVIY=SGNRGYTŽ>VEƒIA@N]}>l@N]KB b ‚ BNOSt\IY=SGNRZGA>mEƒIK@N]A> o >NR>qE@Y’†>N]xRGYT OSBYBNOStV’>mE@Y= ^bg PŠNfPe` UXWg>NROTŽ>K]gE@Y=•BY@mE@ OSCGNQVE@YO]A>AB O]EIK>xGNR›T Gmx Ÿ €]]xZGNR…xO ‹ > QYOj]K@NR CPCE>YTŽC `… @NQA=S>AC EG r CIKG o ‹ @N=SMD>AC Gmx>VUXWg>NROTŽ>K]gE@Y=@N]KB t[@N=St[MP=S@mE>AB WYRZ>AC[C\MRZ>AC@N]KB =OLNMNOSB TlGY=?>xR@AtEƒOSGN] ` >AkiR>ACwC[>AB W}@NR@YTŽ>mE>NR ‹ @K=MD>AC•@NR>lCVIKG o ]{O] @NQA=S> Š¡` s OSkNMR>AC…E›G Š BY>NWDOStECEJIK>|WA=SGmE‘Gmx Ÿ R>ACwC\MR> ‹ @K=MD>AC ‹ C ` =OSLPMNOSBŒTlGY=S>–xR@AtEJOSGY]v@N]KB ‹ @NWgGNRTlGN=S>–xR@AtEOSGN]{xGNR‘>A@AtVIŒQYOj]K@NRn C€PCE>YT ` IK>AC>WD=SGmEC„O]KBNOSt[@mE>IKG oo >Y==EIA>œ@NRkNM=S>AClTŽGABY>Y=PxZO?ECEƒI}> Ÿ U BY@mE@ ` IK> ‹ @Y=OSBNOEGmxpEƒIK>œ@NRZkNMN=S>AClTŽGABY>Y= o @ACq>VUP@YT{Oj]A>ABQE@N’gO]KkOj]gEG t[GN]KCOSBD>NR@mEOSGK]EƒIK> >ˆUXWg>NROTŽ>Y]mE@Y=—M]Atw>NRcE›@NO]gEOS>AC ` ¢ ]EƒIA> WYR>ACw>N]VECEMDBm‚ EƒIK>AC[>MN]Kt[>NRE@KO]gEJOS>AC o >NR>Œ>ACEOTŽ@mE>ABEGQ†> ¡`j O]Qg@mEƒI…E>YT…Wg>NRZ@mEMRZ>Y‚ ¡`jPb O]lTŽGN=?>xRZ@AtEOSGN]Ž@K]KB ¡`cbn GmxEIK>–WYR>ACwC\MR>…R>A@ABiO]Kk `

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2 6 @NQD=?> ¡ GYT…Wg@NROSCwGN]ŽGmx Ÿ MiRZ> GYT…WgGN]K>K]†Ez@NWgGNR Ÿ R>AC[CˆMR>AC ^ ’ Ÿ @ e œ>A@ACˆMiRZ>AB|O]HEJIK> Ÿ RZ>AC[>Y]mE EMDBmqEGHEƒIAGACw>lGmx EƒIA>NR ¢ ] ‹ >AC€EJOSkD@mEGNRC•@mE _D_a`cbYd` MiQ}CE@N]Kt[> Ÿ R>AC[>N]gE o GNR’ ¢ ŸAŸ @NRTŽGN]K@ ^DPPPe OSBYBNOSt’ ^bg NŠPfPe OSBYBNOStV’r h ]gEGACO’ ^bg N P Pe >mEƒIAGVUgP>mEIA@N]KGY= ¡`j PfPŠ bP`j¡bKd ¡`j rab ¡`j rd ¡`j PŠ ¡`j PŠ¡b ¡`j rP_ ¡`j rYfX^ @ ‹ k e š>VUP@N]g> `jŠXdK d` irDf `j _DŠ @NRQgGN] E>mEƒRZ@AtID=SGNROSBY> bmŠ¡`jŠDf bgŠ` ŠN PŠ bgŠ`  N_ ID=SGNRGmxGNR›T _Na` PŠ _PX` _XbYd _PX` _YP  OStID=SGNRGYTŽ>mEJIK@N]K> rY¡` ŠPf rabN` N_ rD`  NP  b ‚ ~OStIY=SGNRZGA>mEƒIK@K]K> b}_a`rabg bA_X`  

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2 7 @NQD=?> _P GmE@K= Ÿ R>ACwC\MR> Ÿ @AC@ s M]KtEOSGY]HGmx\OSLPMNOSB Ÿ IK@ACw>ŽœGN=> s R@AtEOSGN] xZGNRp>ˆUP@N]K> ^bVe >EƒIKGVUAD>mEƒIK@K]KGN= ^Ae PCE>YT @VE _A_a`cbYd U UXW}>NROTl>Y]gE@K= Ÿ ^ ’ Ÿ @ e @N=St[MP=S@mE>AB Ÿ ^ ’ Ÿ @ e @N=St[MN=S@mE>AB ¡`jPPP ¡`j rP ¡`jD _ f¡`jP r f¡`cbYdK  ¡`jŠ f ¡`jXdDrd  ¡`j D  ¡`j ¡b ¡`j PPf ¡`jP PŠP bA_X` ŠNP  b}_a`jŠP¡b ¡`j _ ¡`cb rD bgf`   f bmf¡`j ¡bg  ¡`j  Š ¡`cbg rP_ bg ` N¡b bmŠ¡`j PŠP  ¡`j XdPd ¡` r D` _N_DŠ Y¡`_ f ¡`j XdK  ¡`D rDf abN` Š XbP`Df ¡`j Pf¡b ¡`_ Š¡b abN` ŠN P  XbP`j PXd ¡`j Pf ¡`_D PŠ¡b PX` _id Na`_dK  ¡`j Pf ¡` ŠPf PX` rXbA_ Na`jfP P  ¡`j PfXd ¡` rDf PX` fNŠ Na`jfP  ¡`j PfXd ¡`  rd PX`   d Na`j XdKf ¡`j PfPf ¡`"d r P_X`b}rPr N_a`cbgfP  ¡`j PfPf ¡`"dK rP_ P_X` _Yf_ N_a`_d ¡`j PfPf ¡`jf rP_ P_X`ndYP_ N_a`"dDP_ ¡`j PfPŠ ¡`jfP r P_X` fN P N_a`jfPŠr ¡`j PfPŠ ¡`r rd P_X` ŠNfr N_a`jŠXdD_ ¡`j PfP  ¡`rD rDŠ ` bPb `jP_ ¡`j rD ¡`jŠ Š ` YXd `D_ ¡`j rP ¡`jŠP PŠXd ` _ `_D r ¡`j r ¡`j _DŠPf `ndYrDŠ `"dDrPr ¡`j rPr ¡`j PfP Pf ` r   `r ¡`j PŠ bP`jPPP ` Š f

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2 8 @NQD=?> D GmE@Y= Ÿ R>ACwC\MR> Ÿ @AC•@ s MP]KtEOSGN]—GmxˆOSLNMPOSB Ÿ IK@AC[>–œGN=?> s RZ@AtEOSGN] xZGNR @NRQgGN] >mEƒRZ@AtID=SGNROSBY> ^bVe >mEƒIAGVUgP>mEIA@N]KGY= ^De PCE>}T @VE _D_a`cbYd U UXW}>NROTl>Y]gE@K= Ÿ ^ ’ Ÿ @ e @N=St[MP=S@mE>AB Ÿ ^ ’ Ÿ @ e @N=St[MN=S@mE>AB ¡`jPPP ¡`j PŠP ¡`jPŠ f `_PP `_abgf ¡`rD ¡b ¡`cbA_abA_ d`j rD  d`j rab ¡`jŠXdKf ¡`cbgŠP Pf ra`jŠ Š ra`jŠ ¡`jŠP Pf ¡`  P   ¡`"dPdD  ¡`"dPdb ¡`j D ¡`_DPr bg` ŠNP  bm¡`jŠab ¡`j _P_ ¡`_dK¡b bPbN` ŠN r bNbP`j ¡bA_ ¡`j  ¡`_D P PŠ bAX` Šird b}a`jŠPŠ_ ¡`j    ¡` dK¡b bA_X` r b}_a`r ¡`j XdPd ¡`  P Pf b `   b ` Š ¡`j XdK  ¡`  PŠP  b ` ŠPŠ b ` rd ¡`j XdK  ¡`"d ŠPŠ bYd`b bKd`cbA_P ¡`j Pf_ ¡`"dK PŠr bYd` rXbg  bKd`rDr ¡`j PfPf ¡`jf Šr bgf` XbgŠ bmf¡`abgf ¡`j PfP  ¡`jfP PŠPf bgf` fNf_ bmf¡`jfPfPf ¡`j rP ¡`r Šr bArX` dK  b}ra`jPfP  ¡`j r ¡`rDŠPŠPf bArX` _idb b}ra`_Df_ ¡`j rDf ¡`jŠ¡bg P bArX`ndNdDr b}ra`"dDrD ¡`j rDŠ ¡`jŠrDf bArX`  i_ b}ra`j _ ¡`j PŠ¡b ¡`j _D ¡b bgŠ` _idPd bmŠ¡`_PPr ¡`j PŠPf ¡`j rP bgŠ`ndAŠ_ bmŠ¡`"dKfP  ¡`j P ¡b bP`jPPP bgŠ` ŠNP 

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2 9 @NQD=?> d™P GmE@K= Ÿ R>ACwC\MR> Ÿ @AC@ s M]KtEOSGY]HGmx\OSLPMNOSB Ÿ IK@ACw>ŽœGN=> s R@AtEOSGN] xZGNR ID=SGNRGmxGNR›T ^bVe >EƒIKGVUgP>EƒIK@N]KGK= ^De PCE>AT @mE _D_a`nbKd U UXW}>NROTl>Y]gE@K= Ÿ ^ ’ Ÿ @ e @N=St[MP=S@mE>AB Ÿ ^ ’ Ÿ @ e @N=St[MN=S@mE>AB ¡`jPPP ¡`j PŠ ¡`j_D bP`_D Pf bP` ¡`_P_D ¡`jPf_D bP`j PŠr bP`j rab ¡`"dD_ ¡`cbgXdK a`jŠ_ a`rDŠ ¡`jfPŠr ¡`D d`P_d d`DP  ¡`jŠXdKf ¡`DfXdb ra`jab ra`j_ ¡`j P ¡`_DP  Š¡` r Š¡`"dKPf ¡`j Pr ¡`_dbPb  ¡`j Xd  ¡`j P ¡b ¡`j  ¡`_D P Xd bPbN` rY  bNbP`jŠ¡bg ¡`j XdDr ¡`  r bA_X` rYŠr b}_a`rDŠ ¡`j Pfr ¡`  P r bYd` Ši_P_ bKd`rD Xd ¡`j rd ¡`"d  Pf bArX` ŠN  b}ra`jŠ¡bgf ¡`j PŠ¡b ¡`"d Šr bArX` rYf¡b b}ra`rDŠP ¡`j PŠP ¡`"dK PŠP bg ` r bm ¡`rdb ¡`j PŠXd ¡`jf ŠPf abN` rYPŠ XbP`rabPb ¡`j PŠPŠ ¡`jfP PŠXd P_X`ndY_D N_a`"d r ¡`j P ¡b ¡`r Š d` N_DŠ id`dK  ¡`j P _ ¡`rD PŠXd Df` ŠNP  Yf¡`jŠ ¡`j P Xd ¡`jŠ ŠPf DŠ` YŠ YŠ¡`DŠXd ¡`j P Pf ¡`jŠP PŠr D ` f d Y ¡`jfP_ ¡`j P r ¡`j _D P _D` r   _Y¡`jfrP ¡`j P PŠ ¡`j PfP ¡b _abN`ndYD _XbP` ŠXd ¡`j P P  bP`jPPP _PX` _

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3 6 §P¨R*U0'YZ¨\ ¨ZZ *c\ I\e§0&i i U ,* os':%–{n>nkZ>}Zs's}m'‡ˆ‰:n"P"s''''E'm'‡ ‰:n"“"Ms' :'ys'>‰>' “o' o"Ÿo'‰‰"ŸI '*"@I o"nY\I 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 6 0 8 1 0 x 1 y 1 0 5 1 0 1 5 2 0 2 5 3 0 3 5 P / k P a

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3 8 §P¨R*U0'YZ¨\ ¨ZZ *c\ I\e§0&i i U ,*o os':%–{n>nkZ>}Zs's}m'‡ˆ‰:n"P"s'' ''E'm'‡ ‰:n"“"Ms' :' s"s'>I"‰"Ÿ}0E ‰"Mno'n‰"Ÿ' 'P".I ‰"Y\I 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 6 0 8 1 0 x 1 y 1 0 2 0 4 0 6 0 8 0 P / k P a

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4 9 '>L i VK"ŸˆU‰"<>‰".n 6s's%'s'sI"ˆ‰oEn"sn ‰"e 'M e O H Vs"Ÿˆk‰"M:‰".n s'K "Is'{IsI"‰"‰"ŸIY‰"e cI}EI In%'“"Ÿ:‰".n "M‰" "Ÿn ‰"*" "> "kn‰&@s"‡'E" ‰ .“".'s"sI%o"Ÿ@s"k En"sn 2 'I". : ‰ nkUn"s‰"M 'n 'nnUkn"os‰"6"UI}'nIE".K ' ' ) ( l n l n 1 0 1 1 p u r e m m m m m r x C C Y Y -‰ ‰ Š ‹ Œ Œ  Ž=gŸ $E '>1 m Cs "M"U'n"U'E"Ÿ>‰"Ms}‰"Ÿˆ%'n%'@s" :'@ ‰ “".'s"oIsI ‰"Ÿ@s" n"sn 6 "Ÿ 'I".>'0 1 m Cs"ŸE "k'"k'E"Ÿ>‰"Ms' ‰%'I"'@s" >'@ ‰n"sn 2 n> *".s"oIsI ‰"Ÿ@K"%n"sn Y ''r"‡" Y ‡ "Ÿ".‰". "U'n"U'E"Ÿ>‰"Ms ‰'6 "kIˆns'n2"Ÿ'"M:ˆ'np u r e m Ys"Ÿ ".‰".'"k'"k'r"Ÿ>‰"Ms'"6"kIˆns'n6ˆE>%*".s"oIsn%‰"Ÿ@s" 5G "Ÿ >nU'o"“"M‰ "s%nkZI"n "Ÿ""Ÿ o"Ÿo'‰‰"M'y %'Kn"s "U nkUn"so". ". >'@ "6 ' "Ÿ‰"" kI "nkUn"s‰"s' "k'“".'E"2 2 K>'"Ÿs}>nn"*"sIs2I'r'IIE"‰"Ÿn "I2‡'n" M5:"s 'sknUI"n "Ÿo" "I ‰‰"Mo'n"Ÿ'"I‡n"Z'sn"o kI". "Ÿ 6n's "sn"Z'K ‰%r :n"k'<'0E "Ÿ k' ‰"s' "k'“".'r"1 2 KnkZ%n%".E 'E'IIE"‰"I ‡'"Ÿ

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5 0 ,'"kI"Ÿ ".‰"."U'n"U'E"Ÿ>‰"Ms"‰I "UI}nso'n s' IˆZ   = = + + = Y 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 i i i i C C CŸ 2 '>1 1 Cs"Ÿ "k'"kIE"Ÿ>‰"Ms' ‰'k' ‰"n "Is'.2".nr :n"k'.E' %'Kn"sn‰i C 2s "Ÿ"U'"k'o"Ÿ:‰"s' ‰"ŸE ‰"Ÿo'E‰"'m"onI6n ‰ ‡'n"Ÿ "'1 2 i Cs "Ÿ "U'n"UE"Ÿ:‰"s' ‰ ‰"Ÿo'E‰"'""o6‰ ‡'n"Ÿ{"M‰" ':kIo".n "Ÿ 'K r :n"k'<' "'‡n"Z'sw2 "Is"U nI'6 2@sI "M "k'"U'‰"Ÿ:‰"sI ‰ ' "kIˆn‡o'n %o E o'I:nkkn 2 ".'@"%‰1 1 C'n "Ÿn "U'n"UE"Ÿ ‰"Ms'2 1 C‰ ‰"Ÿno'n‰"ŸI %'I"'>n:6s n1 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 ) ( = i i C K C CRI 1 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 2 1 2 ) ( = i i C K C C K CM 2 “"M‡"M‰"M2n n'‰"Ms RI'nŸ 2 Ÿ 2>I6s n nn"@"M }"Ÿ E@6I‡"%k'@sn 2o".""snkn%>'@"isKI ( ) 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 C K C K C C + + = YŸ *- 9 0 1 1 1 C p u r e = YZˆZ “"M "ME"20 1 1 1 1 C C ='n0 2 1 = C 0 2 1 2 2 0 2 1 2 1 C K C p u r e = YZˆZ P"‡"ME"20 2 1 2 1 C C ='0 1 1 = C

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5 1 Irs"U "U'‰"Ÿ@2‰"Ms'}". "Ÿ n"“"M "> "kn‰\@s"K'‰". '> nU%n ". E ' Z "U‰"."'> ,y6sI'>' .' >n's' k's"Ms'E o'I:nks' 2 1 2 1 2 2 l n F = R T r p h y sb g 2 2 1 1 2 1 l n F = R T r p h y sb gnk>nZ'‡".:'2 1 , p u r e p u r e Y Y Y ' Z “"M‡"M‰".n2ˆn‰"s'&E'n nIn Is"kI"k'r"Ÿ@2nn"s' snnIe".%n'‰"Ms'nŸ \oiI IE 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 l n l n F +  ‘ ’ “ “ ” •+ + +  ‘ ’ “ “ ” •= R T r C K C K C C r x r Cb gM \E' +– – — ™ ™ š ›+ + -– – — ™ ™ š ›= 0 2 1 2 2 0 2 1 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 0 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 1 1 l n l n C K C C K C K C C r C x Cg 2 1 2 1 2 F R T rbŸ \r %"U'n"UE"Ÿ:‰"s'1 1 C'2 1 C‰–"Ÿ%'n%'.s"n"sn "o >'s‰"n ". "Ÿ "k'"k'E"Ÿ:‰"sI ‰c"Ÿ “".I‡"oIsI"‰"Ÿ@s" orn"sn ' U %'K}s'"*n‰ Z'n"sn n œ = + = F = 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 i i C C r CŸ & ' >'n"sn   = = + = F = 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 i i i i i C i C r C

PAGE 65

5 2 “"M‡"M‰"Ms' >'i C 2'1 2 i C2%n'‰"Ms'Ÿ 2I'}Ÿ 2P>I s n}Z o'I:nk2"Ÿ 2r:2 "."*'@sn ""snUn '@ss Ÿ   ¡ ¡ ¢ £+ = F 2 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 C K C K C rM \¤ ( ) ¦ § ¨ ¨ + = F 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 C K C K C rM \In '‰"s' M \¤' \Iˆ%“" k'n 6 ".'nI Z "Ÿ'>'1 1 C'2 1 C "U'n"U'E"Ÿ>‰"Ms'0 2 1 C‰"'nI"'@s" ‰"Ÿo'nI‰"ŸInI 2 n: o"Ÿo'nI‰"ŸI' s Isk >n'2:n 2 n'o"s' Ÿ \Ek 58" "Z 'o".I2En <:I n'‰"Ms' Ÿ \I U"@"M6n1 0 2 1 1 = =fC'0 2 1 2 1 C C =n–nnU>n‡". 2 ( ) 2 0 2 1 2 2 0 2 1 2 1 1 C K C r = ‰ 5G "ŸI:nk'E"P"M‰"Ÿ}n6'&ˆŸ*".I ‰ "Ÿo'n‰"ŸI ‡" o''E' ‡"Ÿ "U'n"s'@sI ‰" o'2n" k' ‰"Ms' nkUn"s‰"Ms' "k'P".'E"1 2 Knkkn"os‰".n "Ÿ "ŸIK 'n2s"Ÿ'>o>'>tZ'> >'"ŸnnU n '& PP".I"‰c n6'& 0“".I"%‰ o"Ÿo'‰‰"M' "Ÿ "Is'>‰:'@ n 's"s'>n‰"Ÿ I 's"s'>I"‰"' n's E o'En"*".n ". o' 2n kIo"s' 3– Z :nI' E' >'@" E‰" n' "ŸnkI6"r%Isn"‡nZc"%>'@"‰"sI‰ ‰"o'no"Ÿ'nI"onI2 *".'EE '>‰:'>1 2 Ks".$"'6E".%"k'KI':‰"s'>'"ŸnnU PP".I"‰

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5 3 '.s' Icc>‰".U"n"'S! K'E %n 's ‰"i".$"U‰"MsI 2r". n"k"UI E"0W5@" "k' E :n"ko':n <:I "Ÿo'I".'n c>‰".U"%'!s'E %n''I'"'o"k‰"@"M 0 1 2 = K! '1 2 Kn'Ist'>In'‰"sI U iI}Ÿ \I>n'"U". 1 1 1 1 C r = F ( ) 2 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 C K C r = FŸ \E '‰"s'Ÿ \E"k'ˆ%kIIno'n6‡"‡"M %>'2 1 C%nI‰"MsI >'0 2 1 C>' "ŸIsˆ"Unk s KI'r"s"U". "Ÿ Z'I".n"nI''‡ˆ' ' Z n'‰"s' Ÿ \EP Is"""k'ˆ%k'no'n s""%>'0 2 1 C}:n‡".>'2 1 C'0 2 1 C'> F F + F + = 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 4 1 2 1 r K r K r K CŸ $E + + = 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 0 2 1 2 4 1 2 1 r K r K r K CŸ \v-

PAGE 67

5 4 ˆ'@s'2Yc>‰".U"%'D!s'E"nII0 1 2 = K n 'I Kn}".ˆI6 @0“"I% "Ÿ:6s ˆ%I'M o2>*"%‡" n 'In6Kn ". Z'' 'n ‰"Ÿo'‰‰"M'nI{". 'o".I 2 2 K'1 2b n':‰"s"U6 2"* "ŸE kI nkUn"s‰"Ms' "k'“".'E"2 2 KK "'>n"*".'‰>':I–"Ÿ c>‰".k"on"'! s'E"nII n'II6Kn}"."Ÿ >I "s'>n'."rInn o"Ÿno'n‰"ŸIn2',ˆP*".I%2n"MIsI‰2 2 K'r".'2En<:I "Ÿn o''E P“"I 'E"Ÿ:n‰"21 2bn "Ÿn 2'‡ n(7Ÿ“".'‡}'>I"‰"@'G 3– '2E"%‰"UI}'@sk'"Mn :n''s'U'6‰"Ms' "nII nI‡U 'I sn ". "Ÿ ‰". *‰". "Ÿ>n‰"M 1 2bn "Ÿ 2'‡ n(7Ÿ“".'ns E':I%‰".'Gns "nII'n'sn"P".nkUn"s‰"s' ‰yIr "> o26 "Ÿ o'".'n c:‰".k"%'X! s "nII0 1 2 K n 'I sn ". " "Ÿ>n P*"." >' Is"o " n o'rn"“".n ". ˆE' ".'E"0 ,'> '>I"".': 1 2 K'1 2b '> "Ÿ>n‰".n n n(7Ÿ“".'‡:'ynn""0P".I 36e>n>nks' ':' ‡"Ÿ D3–83OYI}‡I>n>I" ': '%2[3E'''3

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5 5 n ". }:6s 2 ".'ns "ŸIsIn ‰2 2 1 2 K K'1 2b:''6"Ÿ "Ÿ>n%%ns".nP".n' nn"o 0“".n '‡ n >nUknc'“".'o".e>' ‡$::'‰"ns cI}''‰" n's' Y'6n"sI c>‰".U"%' s'E r'I".IIn c>‰".k"o%' s'E 1 2b1 2b2 2 K 1 2b1 2 K 2 2 K ,o''E E$-c c\E 2c c'<' ".‰"Ÿ>n"oIs'@sI n \E -c2 2c Is':‰>'@ -c E 2c -2 2cn n s"s'>n‰"Mn' j.- cnY$ 2c < 2cn s"oIs'>I"o"Ÿn' 'Y2- -Y$ 2c Q& c$ 2cn >R*4 rr4Fe*4""v .2r'e446rr2r+r4.r.*44 Hr44<*484.4e4$

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5 6 %o':nI%o K‰"s'6ˆI>nU>"'"%nn""‰"ŸnnU"nIIss 2 "ŸE 'I"ˆ".'ns '87Mn"*" I ‰ˆ‰"@'2I6"Z'>n Ios‰"s' 6I>nU> s". sI'o"M‡R s" %nm:"."ŸnEnP"%"."Ÿ I‰".3–"U"k'>2 ". "Ÿsn %"kI"kE"Ÿ‰"y"ŸE%o'>n%Ioso"s' I:nk: sIs >'e"Ÿ :n''s'U6E"sI "nII'nsIn":nnkn ". s'> 'I".IE"ˆ c:".U" ' K'E "nnIR o'I"'nn c>‰".U" ' s'}"nII Inn‰"@2ˆ}s'>"onII}2}Io‡‰"Ms'Z'"k'r"i2"Unk ‰ s"oIs':n‰"Ÿn' '> ‡" "'IE <>I ' -"nr ". "nr '‡ /3YI':nI s‰"Ms ˆn:nkZ :"nrn>'nn" cI}'n'r" cIˆE''E" n''s' '6n"Ms""nII c>‰"."o%' s'E%%n r'I".Inn c>‰".""' s'E ,o''E .- ' c'.E' ".‰"Ÿ:n"s'@sI c.-' Q Is':‰>'@ c< n c\n+ s"Is':n‰"Ÿ c H- ' c2I s"s'>I"‰"' .- c2'n'> s‰"8".nE‰" E' "kI‡"Z's‰".nI>nU>%IsIn>'{"Ÿ >n s' k'sn"s' "nII' c>‰".k"on ' s'E "nII‰ "Ÿ 6sI's %'K.>n"“"Ms' { >6s 6n >'I sk "kIˆE'@sU' ‰ "Ÿ "nIIs‰

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5 7 0 5 1 0 1 5 2 0 2 5 0 0 2 0 4 0 6 0 8 1 x 1P ( k P a ) r e g s o l n K r e t W i e b e P e x p os':U –cIˆE'@sU' ‰ n's'I6n" '"'nc>o".k"o%' !s'E}mns:'–"Ÿ2'R'*".I ‰,o''}‰ 'n ‰"o'n‰"ŸnI'

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5 9 0 5 1 0 1 5 2 0 2 5 3 0 3 5 0 0 2 0 4 0 6 0 8 1 x 1P ( k P a ) r e g s o l n K r e t W i e b P e x pos':oy–cIˆE'@sU' ‰ n's'I6n" '"'nc>o".k"o%' !s'E}mns:'–"Ÿ2'R'*".I ‰ys'>‰>'}“o 'n ‰"o'n‰"ŸnI'

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6 1 0 1 0 2 0 3 0 4 0 5 0 6 0 7 0 0 0 2 0 4 0 6 0 8 1 x 1P ( k P a ) r e g s o l n K r e t W i e b e P e x pos':oy–cIˆE'@sU' ‰ n's'I6n" '"'nc>o".k"o%' !s'E}mns:'–"Ÿ2'R'*".I ‰ s"s'>I""Ÿ'0o'n ‰"Ÿo'E‰"'

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6 2 os':n ¤ E I'nK"“""M "kIˆE'@sU'r‰" n'"Ÿ ''@6%IE". I:nk: I6n:n''s' kI6"MsI >nkZ> ' c>‰".U"n"' !s'E I:nk: >'nn" "ZI}''‰"‰i"ŸP*".Ios':n ¤ 'I on "Ÿ‰" "M Z'E'@6 'E".II:nkZ : IsIE ' "Ÿ c>‰".U"I"' !s'E 6n':ˆ'II:o' "‰".I ˆ"Ÿˆkn% I>ˆn"ŸI:nk:%sn <>I "Ÿ>n's'kI n"Ms'"nII{ s':nIos‰"Ms <:I nn" ‰"ŸnI '>‰:'> >'Eo''' "U'<' "@‰"Ÿ:n"Is'‰".U"%' !s'r"nIIn Inn%@‡"–"."Ÿ I‰". Z'"Ÿ‰"Ÿ'P“".n"n‰" " '‡&>' '"k E‰" n' %ns‡ 6 "M @s'>n E o nn" *"6 " "U E Un' "Ÿ" "Ÿ c>‰".U"%' !s'r%nnn I‰@6I‡".I ‰"8".' @"%"Ÿ' "ŸE>n's' k'6E"s'"%nE>'"Ÿnk P*"@I"‰ 3‰"Ÿ' 2E".':nP"2 "2 :I' n' 'e"E2 "Ÿ "M nkUn"s‰"Ms'ˆ"nII n2%"Ÿ os'‰{"Ÿ >n>nUkn"U'“".'o".E "kIˆE'.sk' %n ‰" nI"Ÿ c>‰".U"%' !s'E ' ‡". o'n".'nn >'@ n "‰" " 6n ‰"Ÿ os"U"U'nP".'E" b ': ', s6s'>' "Ÿ o>n"U'5@" n E".':n“"M ". ‰". "Ÿ‰" >' "ŸIs "kn}'n'E" "M b 6n >' "Ÿ c>‰".U"%' !s'r cY$ ' "Ÿ o'I".'In c>‰".U"n"' !s'E r <– '> '‡"@%'\>':'o"0

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6 3 BDFHB6 _ZB_RZF"S=Z:6;D^RZ c\ c'"6IsI 5G "Ÿ>nkIE"“".‰ 'E' 6sI's n' 2@6I I‰". '>:'E'\".n >'eo''nˆ'>Im"s'@ ‰".n r>n"k'.E' ‡"M o"Ÿno'E‰"Mn'IY‰" Y\Iˆ ‰".}:n'"“"Ms' nn"k"UI} Kn}2'4"r'r?‡%‰"ŸnY<3{ nkUn"s‰"Ms'"nIIYIs'En c>‰".k"on"'m'n!s' n"Ÿ IUn ". 'o".'2 "Ÿ "IK"kI n' 6 @6I "k'“".'E" I "Ÿ nrs"U n' 62I@6 "U'“".I‰" b >' nn" n6n', 'I"M> o'n".'nn c>‰".U"%' !s'r "nII'"Ÿ >nI's' k's"Ms' "nII '> Isk 'I sn". "ŸE ‰".F5:" n >I "Ÿo""Ÿ c>‰".U"%' !s'E "nII n:' E'.s'ˆ"."Ÿ :n's' kI6n"K' "nI'R–E :'I "osn'@ I's"“""Ÿo" "Ÿ >nkZ> sn"kI‡"Z'K‰".n I6 c>‰".U"n"' !s'E %n'y':6 n"k"U'>'n"U ‡" "ŸE o'EI<6 'E".IYI6nn‰–n o'n".'nn >'@ ‰ c>‰".U" ' K'E %n n ‡">"s 6ˆI:o"'E"o'i"Ÿ ''oI:'P*"@I" '> k'o"s' n o'En"*".n". ˆE' ".'E"0 c n"kI 'I‰"Ms ˆ'I'>‰"M nsEn ˆ–'9nk nknˆ".ˆI‰".'@ˆ2E"Ÿ 'E' sIs nI'6 2@ Io". :'"M I:nk'E" *"<‰c '> "kI's E EnU2n "nI kI" "on'n ". "'> ‰$@s"sIE" >nZ'‡"

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6 4 5:"".n$" s'}"M6 }". : n"k '"Ÿ nI'6 2@ "kI62 n} kn s% '@" n" nˆ ‡"o "o "Ÿn :nnk' >'"ŸIK‰^3{ 'EU'n"knU>n*".'n" Is : n"' "" Inn EnnY3{sk K nIˆn2"Ÿn6s'‡ E". "Ÿn' 66I@6I "U6 i‡"s nk2ns"Mn‰"">nkZ> "6">nnU I'I "MI s ‰"%''n E>nkZ> >'6‡‰In n's 'I>'I.s‰".}n'c"Ÿns“".'%27Mn"“".':‰ 3Enko2IK% 2:n"P"s'"‰>nUn'>"ˆs".%o'Is':"Ÿ%'n 6">".}I:n's"“" "ŸnUkn"s‰"Ms'"k'P".'E"eEnknˆE'}'"nn6 "nn:n I>''\"> " n E'6 6 6E"03I'‡"MsInI6 n K'2 ' "ŸI>n's"*" 'n66 ‰"M nkUn"s‰"Ms'"nII6 " IsE ‰6‰".':‰*"e"."n ‰"ŸE''‰"e"Ÿ ‰".>' ".'<'& P“".n "kIˆI.s*n ‰ "Ÿ"UI}''‰". kn 2 "ŸIs “"ME "kIs E >n's"*".n nkn ' "Ÿ n2', 2o>'%‰"Ms' >In '>

PAGE 78

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Pathare, Salil Milan.
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P-x measurements for 2-ethoxyethanol and four chlorinated hydrocarbons at 303.15 K
h [electronic resource] /
by Salil Milan Pathare.
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[Tampa, Fla.] :
University of South Florida,
2003.
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Thesis (M.S.Ch.E.)--University of South Florida, 2003.
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ABSTRACT: Total pressure measurements at 303.15 K are reported for the binary systems of 2-ethoxyethanol with carbon tetrachloride, chloroform, 1,2-dichloroethane and dichloromethane. Total pressure measurements for the system of hexane and 2-ethoxyethanol were also made to check the validity of the experimental apparatus and procedure. These measurements were taken according to the static method proposed by Van Ness (1975). Data reduction was accomplished using Barker's Method. The modified Margules equation was used as a model for the excess Gibbs free energy (GE) and parameter values were obtained by regression of the experimental data. The obtained data were used to test the association model developed by Kretschmer and Wiebe (1967). In its original form, the Kretschmer-Wiebe model assumes self-association between molecules of 2-ethoxyethanol. An extended form of the Kretschmer-Wiebe model, in which cross-association of 2-ethoxyethanol with the halogenated hydrocarbon is postulated, was examined as well. The regular solution model, which results from the above theories when all association is neglected, was also examined. It was found that the Kretschmer-Wiebe model was far superior to the regular solution model. However, the extended form of the Kretschmer-Wiebe model showed less improvement over the original form.
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Adviser: Scott.W.Campbell,
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