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Inner-shelf bottom boundary layer development and sediment suspension during Tropical Storm Isadore on the West Florida Shelf

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Material Information

Title:
Inner-shelf bottom boundary layer development and sediment suspension during Tropical Storm Isadore on the West Florida Shelf
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Brodersen, Justin G
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla.
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
segmentation
acoustic backscatter
wave current interaction
Dissertations, Academic -- Marine Science -- Masters -- USF   ( lcsh )
Genre:
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Summary:
ABSTRACT: Observations of the bottom boundary layer on the inner West Florida Shelf were made with a downward looking pulse coherent acoustic Doppler profiler throughout the passage of Tropical Storm Isadore during September 2002. The storm passed through the Gulf of Mexico roughly 780 km offshore of the Florida study site. Significant wave heights ranged from 0 m to 2.5 m within a span of eight days. The excellent, non-invasive, 5 cm resolution of the near bed (bottom meter) mean flows were used to estimate bed shear velocity and bottom roughness using the standard log-layer approach. A unique opportunity to examine boundary layer structure was provided by the high-resolution data. Calculated friction velocity due to currents (u*c) and apparent bottom roughness (z0) reduced considerably when velocity measurements closer to the bed were emphasized. This observation may be indicative of segmentation within the bottom boundary layer and has implications for common practices of estimating bed shear stress measurements from distances greater than a few tens of centimeters above the bed. Acoustic backscatter strength was used as a proxy for sediment suspension in the water column revealing no relationship between current parameters and sediment resuspension during the ten-day data set. Wave effects were included following the work of Grant and Madsen and others with strong relationships between wave and wave-current parameters and the ABS as a proxy for sediment resuspension evident.
Thesis:
Thesis (M.S.)--University of South Florida, 2004.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
System Details:
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Justin G. Brodersen.
General Note:
Title from PDF of title page.
General Note:
Document formatted into pages; contains 39 pages.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001474319
oclc - 56137652
notis - AJR7188
usfldc doi - E14-SFE0000364
usfldc handle - e14.364
System ID:
SFS0025058:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


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Inner-shelf bottom boundary layer development and sediment suspension during Tropical Storm Isadore on the West Florida Shelf.
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ABSTRACT: Observations of the bottom boundary layer on the inner West Florida Shelf were made with a downward looking pulse coherent acoustic Doppler profiler throughout the passage of Tropical Storm Isadore during September 2002. The storm passed through the Gulf of Mexico roughly 780 km offshore of the Florida study site. Significant wave heights ranged from 0 m to 2.5 m within a span of eight days. The excellent, non-invasive, 5 cm resolution of the near bed (bottom meter) mean flows were used to estimate bed shear velocity and bottom roughness using the standard log-layer approach. A unique opportunity to examine boundary layer structure was provided by the high-resolution data. Calculated friction velocity due to currents (u*c) and apparent bottom roughness (z0) reduced considerably when velocity measurements closer to the bed were emphasized. This observation may be indicative of segmentation within the bottom boundary layer and has implications for common practices of estimating bed shear stress measurements from distances greater than a few tens of centimeters above the bed. Acoustic backscatter strength was used as a proxy for sediment suspension in the water column revealing no relationship between current parameters and sediment resuspension during the ten-day data set. Wave effects were included following the work of Grant and Madsen and others with strong relationships between wave and wave-current parameters and the ABS as a proxy for sediment resuspension evident.
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