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Multiculturalism, public policy, and the high school United States and American literature canon

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Material Information

Title:
Multiculturalism, public policy, and the high school United States and American literature canon a content analysis of textbooks adopted in the state of Florida in 1991 and 2003
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Hansen, Angela L
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
multicultural education
Public policy
High school literature canon
Dissertations, Academic -- Interdisciplinary Education -- Doctoral -- USF
Genre:
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Abstract:
ABSTRACT: This study compared the content of United States and American Literature textbooks adopted in Florida in 1991 and 2003 to determine any change in the inclusion of multiculturalism, as a response to public policy. Since Florida is a key adoption state, textbooks adopted would probably be reflective of national developments. To determine effects of public policy on literary selections appearing in high school United States and American literature textbooks, a variety of strategies was employed. Literary selections for each textbook and each adoption year were categorized by race and/or ethnicity and gender of the author, and genre of selections. In addition, content checklists based on character demographics and scholarship about multicultural literature were applied to all literary selections written by non-White authors appearing in both adoption years. Intra-rater reliability of the recorder was found to be .92. The most frequently anthologized literary selections writte n by non-White authors were analyzed for emergent themes. Findings indicate that change in content of high school United States and American literature textbooks with respect to multiculturalism: a greater percentage of non-White authors and female authors appear in the 2003 adoption year. However, when genre of selections is considered, in both adoption years non-White authors and female authors were under-represented in the genres of short stories and plays, which are the longer selections. When non-White authors were added to the canon in 2003 it was most often in the genre of nonfiction where they were over-represented. In addition, with respect to character demographics and multicultural content, selections by non-White authors showed little change from 1991 to 2003. Finally, little change has occurred in themes of most frequently anthologized literary selections written by non-White authors from 1991 to 2003. Recommendations include improving content of United States and American ^literature anthologies to include non-White and female authors in longer selections and a better range of genres. An implication of this study is that the high school United States and American literature canon remains traditional and largely unaffected by multiculturalism in spite of public policy.
Thesis:
Dissertation (Ph.D.)--University of South Florida, 2005.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
System Details:
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Angela L. Hansen.
General Note:
Title from PDF of title page.
General Note:
Document formatted into pages; contains 216 pages.
General Note:
Includes vita.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001911268
oclc - 173685552
usfldc doi - E14-SFE0001228
usfldc handle - e14.1228
System ID:
SFS0025549:00001


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Full Text

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Hansen, Angela L.
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Multiculturalism, public policy, and the high school United States and American literature canon :
b a content analysis of textbooks adopted in the state of Florida in 1991 and 2003
h [electronic resource] /
by Angela L. Hansen.
260
[Tampa, Fla] :
University of South Florida,
2005.
3 520
ABSTRACT: This study compared the content of United States and American Literature textbooks adopted in Florida in 1991 and 2003 to determine any change in the inclusion of multiculturalism, as a response to public policy. Since Florida is a key adoption state, textbooks adopted would probably be reflective of national developments. To determine effects of public policy on literary selections appearing in high school United States and American literature textbooks, a variety of strategies was employed. Literary selections for each textbook and each adoption year were categorized by race and/or ethnicity and gender of the author, and genre of selections. In addition, content checklists based on character demographics and scholarship about multicultural literature were applied to all literary selections written by non-White authors appearing in both adoption years. Intra-rater reliability of the recorder was found to be .92. The most frequently anthologized literary selections writte n by non-White authors were analyzed for emergent themes. Findings indicate that change in content of high school United States and American literature textbooks with respect to multiculturalism: a greater percentage of non-White authors and female authors appear in the 2003 adoption year. However, when genre of selections is considered, in both adoption years non-White authors and female authors were under-represented in the genres of short stories and plays, which are the longer selections. When non-White authors were added to the canon in 2003 it was most often in the genre of nonfiction where they were over-represented. In addition, with respect to character demographics and multicultural content, selections by non-White authors showed little change from 1991 to 2003. Finally, little change has occurred in themes of most frequently anthologized literary selections written by non-White authors from 1991 to 2003. Recommendations include improving content of United States and American ^literature anthologies to include non-White and female authors in longer selections and a better range of genres. An implication of this study is that the high school United States and American literature canon remains traditional and largely unaffected by multiculturalism in spite of public policy.
502
Dissertation (Ph.D.)--University of South Florida, 2005.
504
Includes bibliographical references.
516
Text (Electronic dissertation) in PDF format.
538
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
500
Title from PDF of title page.
Document formatted into pages; contains 216 pages.
Includes vita.
590
Adviser: J. Howard Johnston, Ph. D.
653
multicultural education.
Public policy.
High school literature canon.
690
Dissertations, Academic
z USF
x Interdisciplinary Education
Doctoral.
773
t USF Electronic Theses and Dissertations.
4 856
u http://digital.lib.usf.edu/?e14.1228