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Ammonium distribution and dynamics in relation to biological production and physical environment in the Marguerite Bay R...


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<>@ t !"#$r t !"#$r t !"#$r t !"#$r t !"#$r$ )>0)BrD-nr nrnnrnBJDrnr+AtnrnrnrBt$)
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<>/ f! "%&f%%f !#( )#( f! "%&f%%f !#( )#($ )>=)rnnttnnrb7.(nrn(rr nrf n rnB. I0 I< DrnrBrD0111I011>rD)nrttnt rrntnrnB$)>=rDfnIrnn1)21fnn f)bt nrtr nrnrn(nKtr nrntnnrt(rnrt>I2JnKt Ir011>fD).nnrn ntrnrnrnU<)/Jrn3nftt 3nntr;Irrnn*B$t)>>D)$n(n

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<21 t )"#$r t )"#$r t )"#$r t )"#$r t )"#$r$ >>)BrD-nr rnrnBJDrnr+AtnrnrnrBt $)
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<2< trnnrnnrnt IrB0D) bn011J$fr0110 B$)>0D)nrntrnntrtnrnrU0Jrn r ;rn01 n*rr0110B$)>>D)Atrnr nrnr;3rtU1)2I<)2JKt*rrI$fr0110B$) >0r>>D) A3rtrtrfnrnrnnn r;rnrnr33fn3ntn3rt)70111I011<(ntrnnrn nrnt3nnn <13ttnrn4*rrnrn $frB$)>J(3n r;rnrn nrtnnB$)>0fttnrn(rnnrn nr;rb7. nrn011
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<20 >)=)0) n%nrf%rntfrtnbbt/b n rfnbtr Atrnrt rtrnnn0111I011< r0112rr>6r(t n)7fnrtn nrntr2rD)8nnr( nrntrnr;rU6rD)Atnnnffn3nn3rt3rtttnn 3nrn nnrnntnrB$)>2r>6D)brntrn/2L frttnftr?2LB0111I011?r>@D)At3rtttnn3nttr ;rrn BA7.D& B8 > Dr B7+D& BA7.Drnt"r n<) n ntrnnKt n rnnrnnrtnrt nffnrt):(nfrttn;<)2 I= B$t)>2r>6D) "nrntnn n rn nt( t nt( 3rt3fnrtrnY< I= B$t)>2r>6D)

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<2= BrDAnr" FB D I= G BfDbrntFB D I= G B D" n ntFB D I= G BDt ntFB D I= G $ )>2)AKtrrtfrttB I= DBrDnnr (BfDrnt(BD n nt(rBD t ntrnrn0111I0116)AKtrrtfrttB I= DBrDnnr (BfDrnt(B n nt(rBD t ntrnrn011
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<2> t f! "%&f%%f #r#* +,+ t f! "%&f%%f #r#* +,+ t f! "%&f%%f #r#* +,+$ )>?)rnn r nB" I0 I< Drr4tttB" I0 I< DBrDrnt(BfD n nt(rBD t ntrnr0111I011<) t f! "%&f%%f #r#* +,+ t f! "%&f%%f #r#* +,+ t f! "%&f%%f #r#* +,+$ )>@)rnn r nB" I0 I< Drr4tttB" I0 I< DBrDrnt(BfD n nt(rBD t ntrnr011/r)nnrnn;nrt b8" < (Q(f1)>1(rttnBArf<1D( t nfrtt3rtY< I= rnnfnn/Lr<@LnKtnnrrr r n0111I011
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<22 nrrrnrrfn t nfrttY1)< I= rn QE1)61n0I0)2 I= rnQE1)<1B$)>/rD)"t ( t n rnnnrrr r nrrtrt/)BrDAt t t nfrttB I= Dn nfrn t nrn3n;nrtb8" <( Q Vn nrnrr t n nnnnrrr r n)BfDAt t n nfrtt B I= Dn nfrnr4rnnh Vn nrnrr n n nnnnrrr r n) r(trrr?1L n n n3rtr4 n(rrfn rnr4 ttt fr4rn n(h BArf<1D(tnrt n nfrtt< I = rnh fn3rnrnrArf<1n<1 I= rI h rB$)>/fD):( n n rntS> I= r r nnrn3rntB4nr)(0110V,rfnnnr)(0112D)

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<26 rn(r rnr4 tt ttrIt4 n rn fnn8rBrnr)(0111D)At( n ntrnr4t3rtntrtr ttftrn) 8r(3n?1L n n nr0=L t n nfr4nB$t)>?f(r>@f(D(! rntnt3t nfnrt)tt rnrt21Lfrf(tr4 tt ttnr nrfrttU<)=" I0 B0111I011?rr >@rD)n<11Lnrn n3rttnn4 rnf 011<) R rntnt3rn0110nrrn011@rD) >)=)=) ttrr=bntffbnnfbtntfrtnbbt /btn nrrnr Attrn0111I011
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<2? r ntnntntr3rnt):rnrntr tnt3rtftnttB,nr)(0111Vnr)(0110D) "rtnr)B0111Drtb8"rt n=1J;ttn frrnb8"rtt1I21Lb8"3rtt ntt( r n rnft)nr01I>1Lb8"3rt n n rn;nttr t)At( n rn3 n rb8"tnrnr)tnt n rn trnn;n(ntrrnb8"3rt n tr) Ab8"frnr n(3rr;rrI fnrtB$t21f(D)nrfn3n rn n rn frr;rfrnrtr n3rtr rn)70111I011<(r;r

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<2@ BrD0111I0112rD) r0116rD)rfrnrt tn n rn nrtf t nnnrn3rntBr'r(
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<2/ frtttrnnr33nnfrnrfrttrt2I@ I= nf"rr+rB" I= rf nf'rnr)B)=)>) ntbftntnbbt/btn n bnr Ar%tfn3n3trt3nnrntr r4 rnr4tntt)AfrnntrBArf @($t)=<(=0D3rtnn n rn nn011 I 0 I< 3nntnrr;<=)@.: > I0 I< )8r tt(nrtn3rtnrfrnr(3nU>2Lrr $frIr011
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<61 nr)BD(3nrnfrnrrn0?I22Lnnrr tn tr3rnt) t f! "%&f%%f .r.r$-/0 .r-/0 t f! "%&f%%f .r.r$-/0 .r-/0$ 2<)Atrnnttr nf4 rn(4 rn(r frnrB.:> I0 I< DrnrBrD0111I0111Lr f nrnrtr3rntntrt)7n rnn<11Lnnnrr n3nntB$)2 I 0 I< *rrnrB$)2
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<6< trr nrfrnrrrnrnrnnr0111I 011<)t0111I011 I0 I< 011 I0 I< 0110B$)2011 Y1)2 ; nrrt<3rt3n0111I011< trntBArf@rDr rnr011
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<60 *tnn tn(rt0r trntn0111" I0 I< BArf<;rnntfrnrfrttBArf<0D)A rnrnr;rfrnrnrn3rtn3n0111I011
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<6= nrntnKtr ((ntnrntrn 0=I22Lnrtrfn3nn3rt) rtfrnrfrttnY1)2" I= B$t2=rr2>rDfrt n3Infrnrnrn(nnr(nrrn rtfntrt)nnnfrnrrrnr nrnttnrf(Y1)?J(fnrtB$t2=fr 2>fD)7nrftfrnr(trr;0I=.:> I0 I< f%tn4 rnB rn@I<=.:> I0 I< nnnr r nr$)2D) t(3nrntnrnfrnr( n?1Jn4b8" rrnn n4tntB$t2=r2>D)+n rnnrnfntrb8" tnrfrnrnn n rnnrtt=r>) Attrnttnrnfrnr3n rtr nrnr&frnrrrn3rtttnrfnf nKtrtntrntrntKt n rnn !nt)Kt4 rn;nrn tftnrnr rnrntBS
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<6> BrDrnrfrttB" I = D BfDBJD B DAnr B I= D BDb8" < Hb8" 0 BJD $ )2=)"rt=&trnrrtBrDfrnrB" I= D(BfDrBJD(BDnnr B I= D(rBDtb8" < rrrb8" 0 BJDn 0111I011)"rt>&trnrrtBrDfrnrB" I= D(BfDrBJD(BDnnr B I= D(rBDtb8" < rrrb8" 0 BJDn 011
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<62 nrntrn011)=)2) tbttftnrrtn%bnttnbbt/btn n A3r3rtntnrnrntnnrn3rnt) 8tB I< frtntfn3nft rnrnt Ir011
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<66 f! "%&f%%f $ 22)rnnttnnr3rnnrnB.:> I0 I< Dn0111I011< r011J I< tnrn rtn0)2rnKtnrnrn1)10J I< 3rtnn )7trnt0111I011 I0 I< n3nrt nt)At(r r;rnrn3rt!nrtnt n3nnrnrnfrtrrnrntfn3rn r3n) : nrn3nrnrttt rnn rr ttt3nn;rfn3rnr3np7 011<(U1)=0 I0 r3;4nnrnfn3rrtn) 8r ;rnrnnnrnrntttn;Ir)A r rn3rtnfn;r)+tttrn n rn3fB$)>0rD)7nrnttrnrnr

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<6? ;r3nIr3rntfn3rrtn3rtU1)00 I0 ) nt rnttt(nrnrnU=1L;Ir rtttfn3rnr3n) >)=)6) tn nbtnf nrtnbbt/8nn Attnt ntnrfn3ntrtrtrIrt rfrtnnrnrtnr3rnt)Antrnrn rrrr nrtrnntrt3nr% nrrntnrnrrnrfn3n3rtB$t=2rD)7n! n 3rnnrntnt B$)>6rD)"t!n( r3nntB$)>>D)

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<6@ .nn nB."D(r tnrnn3trt nn rnn(rfnrnrtrfn3n rnn nrnnt rn)Arnnrb7. nr nrnntrtrtr ;rnn nrnnr r nrtrtnrnnt rn(nKt.I !rnt."31)/0. I0 r1)6>. I0 011 I0 r1)0<.: > I0 0111I011
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<6/ >)=)?) nrtt=tnrtr Atnfr rrnt nBArf<1D3rtr ftrntnn8r):(t3n ; nrt)A; nttnnnnrrfn n rrnrt(r rrn3rt nffC21Lntr)AKt r;r rnrn(r;rfrnrfrtt(rnrn nrn(r;rrnrn(nrnrr r n( r."3tnrtrtntBArf<=D)S<1Lrrfnnrtn rtntnt3rttrtrnKttnt tn rrn nfrn) nfnr;rnrnrtrnrnnntnrntr ntntnnnKttntfnrtBArf<=D)21Lrt rnnrnnt ttrnnnt)brn frtt3rtY1)1< I= fntrt)8nnr(frtt nn n rn t( n ntr t nt(3rt t3rnnrnrB$)26r(fr2?r(fD):(rn rr r n n rn3rtU01I=1Lrnnrtt 3nJ b I21Lr7t b I21Lnrnrnnrtrt3nJ b E1)? I< r 7t b E>2 I0 (r4ttt n ntrttttt t nt nnnr nrntnfY2 I= BArf<=D) rnrnrntb8"S/1J(f frnr tntrrnrntrtrt@)0JnKttnr trrS>J011
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FLrnG." r; r; frnr .8 = r; .: > FLrnG." B rDbrnt r;3nrn B I< D(J $f*# 1)= #$,1)@@ *$ =)@ *,-f >?>@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#>> @?4BAC>B# f#* 2)61)0>)? ,.*-* 0)6 0)/ .*,.*rnrnntn B I0 D( ( f#f 2 )61)0 *$ 0<=F/>G 0)6 0)/ .,.#A>@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#>>@ ?4BAC>B# f 2 )/1)2 01= ,ff* =)1=)= *,-f $rnfrtt t (g 1)11200)@2)61)>2)<)<=)1<66F?>G1)60 >>@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#> >@?4BAC>B# 1)1<2<@)62)61)>>)601)< *f,$-f 1)1<2\ )<0)? 0)2>)1 $ >@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#> >@?4BAC>B# 1)1<22)=01G1)@6 f 0)6>)< $
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>)1 <66F?0G >>@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#>> @?4BAC>B# 1)<2 # 6)11)> f. 01=FG1)/1 f =)1>)? *f,1)60 1)<2\ <6)@0)6>)1=)1G1)66 n B I< D( 8 1)1112 0 0<)=2)21)>>)/)<0)?* >@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#>>@?4BAC>B# 1)11<2 0 01)=2)61)>2)<)<0)? BfDn n rn n4rr4rn n nt(h 1)1602 01)12)61)>2)10<)10)2@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#>>@?4BAC>B# 1)<@?2 0<)12)21)>2)1)=0)?<62F6/G1)6? n nt nB I< D( 8 1)1<0201)@2)61)>2)1011F?2G1)/0)<0 )@ 1)102 >@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#>>@?4BAC>B# 1)1=?201)@2)61)>2)1011F?2G1)/0)<0 )@ t n& rn3n ;nrtb8" < (Q 1)01<@)62)@1)>2)00<6F G1)/>)1=)1 .$ F G 1)>1 >@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#>>@?4BAC>B# 1)6100)02)01)>>)6)1 $ <2?F # G1)6= t n tnB I < D( 8 1)1112 0 01)@2)61)>2)1011F?2G1)/0)<0)@ >* >@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#>>@?4BAC>B# 1)11<2 0 01)@2)61)>2)1011F?2G1)/0)<0)@

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=0<)12)61)=2)<@?>@A>B>#A>>D?>>B#>>@? >B# <)=101)22)21)6>)/)20)?<6/ 1)6> :rtrnrn tnrn.: > nr( 7 .:> 1)1@201)?2)61)>>)/)00)6<6 /1)6> >?>@A>B>#A>>D?>>B#>>@? >B# 1)0201)@2)61)>2)<)10)@ ,$-* <2)6 =)1 f <6=F6=G >E>@A>B>#A>4?AC>D?>>B#>> @?4BAC>B# *# 0 0)@ 1)2 *$,#1)/1B>@A>B>#A>>D?>>B#>>@? 4BAC>B# 0 1)? # 1)> <@0<)1<2)? #$$ <6?F6>G ## :rtrnrn tnrnb8" nr( 7 b8" 1)><201)@2)21)>>)/)00)@@E>@A>B>#A>>D?>>B#>>@? >B# <)0>201)@2)21)>2)1)10)?
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@A>B>#A>>D?>>B#>>@?>B# /2)2r>)201)@2)61)> 0)6>)?=)12)21)>>)@0)60)/0)?<6@1)?0 Bn#>@A>B>#A>>D?>>B#>>@?>B# /1r<101)/2)61)>2)00101)@@2)1)<0)?@A>B>#A>>D?>>B#>>@?>B# 1)1?201)@2)61)>2)1)<0)?
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BrD" n nB I= D BfDt nB I= D B D.nrnBJD BDBJD B Db8" < Hb8" 0 BJD BDrnrB" I= D $ )26)rnrrtBrD n nfrttB I= D(BfD t nfrtt B I= D(BDnrnnrnBJD(BDrnrnBJD(BDb8" < Hb8" 0 BJD(rBDfrnrB" I= Dn0111I011
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I= 011<(21D)r;rnrntrr frnrrrnrnnrnrfY<1L rnntn rtrtBArf<=D)7nrtnnnrtt3nJ b E1)=2 I< tfr(nttrtnnn rnrt rnnrntrtrt<)1 I< rf nnn8rBn nr)(
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)=)0(rttrnrrnn3rt; nn rtt3nnnrnnnrnrtrt)7nrtn( 3rntrnnKt n rnnnrtt3n J b E<)12 I< (nrtn rnnrrnnrrnfrnt3rt; n( rnnr."rt) nfn rrn ( (trnrnntnn(rntn trtnt tttntBArf<=D)n ( I21L(nrnt frtrIrr nrntr nrtnrt3n rnr;rnrn)7rt ( frtrnrtn rnn n rnn)brntrn20Lrr r nn0111I011
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<@1 rnrnt)Atnrtrnr rftn)tn nKtrtnt3rrn())tY<1Lrrfn(nn nfrnnrntt rrntBArf<=D)nr;rfrnr frttrnr;rrnrntntttnrnt rntttnb8" < rb8" 0 t3rtf21L)8nnr( n21Lnnrntb8" nnrrtr(r nnKtfrnrrnttrrnnBArf<=D)A rnKtrnttt3tnnt3rnr;r nrnt) nfrnnrnttt rtnnKtrtn tntntrtr rnntnr)A21Lrtn rntrnt rn(b8" < ;n(rrnttrntKt rnnrn ttf n nr t nf trBArf<=D)rt trrtnttnrn3nnrn trnt011
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<@< n0111I011@Bn=)=)0D)nn21L nfrnh rQtrnrnnrtr;r frttntn3 n rn t(n rnr3rt tnKtrtn n ntBArf<=D)7ntn(n21Lrtn t nb8" < ;nrnrnrrtb8"rrrfnnnfrnrnrn r t3rnr;rrnrnnrnrrt 3nQE1)>1BArf<=D)Arnfrtt t ntnKtrt 3nQE1)01B$)>@fDnnrn nttrrnn) :(nttrrtt3rntnrnrnnKt nrnrr r n) Arnr;fnnnttnnnrrntnt ntKt n rnBArf<=D)t(7nftrtn t tn nfrntnrtrnrntnrntnrnB 7 .8= Dr rB 7 .:> D nrBArf<=D)

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<@0 A nfrnfrnrn rrntrrtn rnn tnt)nntr;rfrnr3nrn(J (f21L3 ttttn=)=)>)Ar;r frttJ E1)<6 I< nr trnnrtrt3nJ E1)=0 I< BArf<=D)n( Ktnrnrr r ntttr3rt rrrf n rnn)."rt(n(rttrnfn rtrtrtrtn3r4rnttrrnn) Atrt t3rtn21Lnfrnrnrnrn( BArf<=D) 7nrtn(rtfrnrr;nrntrtfrnr nrntnr rrnrrfrnrfrttS@" I= n0111I011
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<@= BrDrnrB" I= D BfDb8" < Hb8" 0 BJD B DBJD BD.nrnBJD B DAnr B I= D $ )61)rnrrtBrDfrnrB" I= D(BfDb8" < Hb8" 0 BJD(BDr nrnBJD(BDnrnnrnBJD(rBDnnr frttB I= D n0111I011@ I< )

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<@> BrDrnrB" I= D BfDb8" < Hb8" 0 BJD B DBJD BD.nrnBJD B DAnr B I= D $ )6<)rnrrtBrDfrnrB" I= D(BfDb8" < Hb8" 0 BJD(BDr nrnBJD(BDnrnnrnBJD(rBDnnr frttB I= D n011@ I< )

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<@2 nr)(@ I< r E1)1= I< (rr Irnt3Y1)6 nKtt)trtnnrnr nr(ttnrn3rt tf n rn)$;r (n011 ttnrnnnr ntfn tnrrtr nrrr nttrn3ntn3nttnnrrtt BArf<=D)t; n(n rnrrfnn n8 ;n3rtnr;rrnrnr.")4 rn ntrtrntn(nrtrnnfnnb8" (rnnr n)At(rtnrn8 t tnrnrntr." rt(t."3rtrfn3 n rn nrn

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<@6 t rn)7nrtn(rt n nnrr nrntrrrtn; n n) At (ntnnttnnn nfrntnn rrnt)AKttnt3tnttnnrrntnr;rn rrntrntrfrnrrn rrn ( )n(ftrnt rnrrtrnrnrtnrrrttnttnnrnnKt trt3nnnrntrn ( 3nrtn)8nn r(nn nttrn3nIrtnn rrnt nnrnnftrnt)Atnt3t3rnttnnn n rntt rrnt(3n33!rnnrnftrnt) :(3nntnnrnrr4 tt3t(n 3rt ftnnn nfrntntt rrnt) **'b fr3rtr nrnrntnrn ntnrrfnnrnrttr t r rnntn0111I011
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<@? r nKt011
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<@@ r4 tt)8nnr(ntrnt3tnfn3(r rtrftnt(rnrnrnt3tnrn) tnnrrtt tntntntn.n"n nB."D)7ntnrn."(tnr(r n n rnntnn)Kt."rt3nttrrn 3nnrn r n)7nrtt3nrntrn n rnntnnrrnnrrn3rt; n(r n."rt)7nrtt3n r nrnt t ntr n nt(rnrnn; nr( t!n(."rt3)n(3nntrKt n rn ntnn(nrn r nnrr; n n) At(rtfnr3 r."rtnfr t)

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<@/ + b"bbb rr4()(r4()($r4(*))(A rn(7)($rt($)("rfn()(rntnr()( )*rrtnt?I=2/) (-))(nt(b)(/(@@=I/1<) ('))(n(b)+)(ft(b):)(bfr())(bA(,))(-rn()(+4nn())( )btnfnR rnn"nnr rnr(nrntr(tnr$rrn(011<) b rtr772<(01?=I01/@) nt()(nt()*)(011<)rnfnrn t rn&rrnr r)r<=/(=1)bnrtntr "nt.rrnrntnnrntrbtnr r$r)b rtr772<(?I)

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>(<1 H rIt3rntn n8r)7)ttr(tnr/(?@?I @1>) ())(ft(")(r(,)(rt()*))(0(<0(<0??I<0/1) ()*)(83t(.)*))(tn(A)(0(<002I<020) "rt("))(:rt(b))(n4()A)(n()8)(0111)ntrrt ttr rnrnrrnnntnrtnttr(nrnr) b rtr77>?(=01?( =0>/I=0?0)

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>>=) "r()r+r(*),)() "r())((b))(011<).n nrntnttr(nrnr) b rtr77>@(><0?I><2=) "t n(+)(<) br(')+)(011>)83nnr nrr rtrb& rnrr rtrnrnt3tnn nrntr)b rtr772<(0<=/I0<6@) brtn(b)*)(rr(8)(.nn("))(@( ><1<06) bA(,))(n()8)(6??) b(*))(A(,)(+n()(rt(,)(4 (*)(nn(*)('r(b))(
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/(66=I6?>) b(:))(bt()I+)('r(b)+)(n3r(,)(8r(*)(rr(*)( 4r($)(0111)"tnrfrnr n(tr t rnnttr(*rrI$fr(?(=00?I =0>?) ())(():)(-()+)(())(I22<) ())(nt()*)()+nr nn nrn n rnrtnrtrnI nrr)*rrntr<6(0==I02>) $n(+)(+$(*)(+(+)(); nfrfntrnn r&nr rt)*rrntr<6(@1/I@>1) $nt(")(011<)rnfrnrrnr)#8,+8"rnrttn(( rnrtn(nn &OOf)3)O%OOfOtfO) ,rfnn(7))(-n()('t())($r())(011=r)" tnr frtt n rnrttfrtrtnrnrn3rnt&r rt nr;rrt rrtt)rttt0>?(0?I >0) ,rfnn(7))(-n()($r())(n()")(tt())(9n(+))(011=f) n rnt rnrtnfn rnntrn3tnnrntr Bn8rD)rttt06<(0<) ,()*)(
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=I<2?) ,rt(:))rnr(-)()A ttfn nrnrnr;4 rnrrrnr)r ttt<<=(0==X0>6) ,(+)7)("t n(+))(*)")*t*)(($)*)(t(*))(3( ")(0111)rtrnr ntnttr(nrnr( ?(=1/2I=</(@0?I@>2) :t(7)(Ar()(r()(rnr(#)-)(011=)rttn rtn""&trn3nrnInrrI rn) *rrtnt>0(=/I2?) :I:rt(8)(n(),)(
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: r()(,t(+)(>(001I00>) :n())(.()(:I:rt(8)('r(b))(2?I>6?) 7t()(7(:))(rntr(:)(0110).nn nnrr 4rnt nrnrrfnnr "8 0 nn 8rtntnrr)b rtr77>/(<6/>( =>)*r, trtr <1=(?6
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PAGE 212

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MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
Ammonium distribution and dynamics in relation to biological production and physical environment in the Marguerite Bay Region of the West Antarctic Peninsula
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Serebrennikova, Yulia Mikhailovna
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Antarctic nutrient cycle
Nutrient utilization
Net community production
Nutrient regeneration
Simulation model
Dissertations, Academic -- Marine Science -- Doctoral -- USF   ( lcsh )
Genre:
bibliography   ( marcgt )
theses   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Summary:
ABSTRACT: In this study, biogeochemical regimes of Marguerite Bay and the adjacent part of the West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) continental shelf were delineated through integration of nutrient, hydrographic, and biological measurements obtained during the LTER and SO GLOBEC studies during austral summer, autumn, and winter of 2001 and 2002.Marguerite Bay biogeochemical regime was found to differ from those of the adjacent WAP continental shelf. In terms of Treguer and Jacques (1992), Marguerite Bay is a combination of Coastal Continental Shelf Zone (CCSZ) and Seasonal Ice Zone (SIZ) distinguished by shallow mixing regime, high primary production and export production. At the end of the growing season (autumn) in both years, waters in Marguerite Bay were strongly depleted in nutrients (the deficits of total inorganic nitrogen (NO3-+NO2-+NH4+) and silica were >0.6 mol m-2 and >2.5 mol m-2, respectively). Observed ΔN/ΔP removal ratios of 10-12.5, lower than that of Redfield et al. (1963), and ΔSi/ΔN removal ratios as high as 4-5 indicated the dominance of diatoms. High autumnal ammonium stocks (>0.25 mol m-2) were observed in Marguerite Bay and were co-located with the areas of the highest nutrient deficits suggesting spatial coupling between primary and heterotrophic production during both years. Consistency of this feature was not disrupted by significant interannual variability of biological production in Marguerite Bay that resulted in ~30-50% reduction in nutrient deficits and ammonium stocks from the first year to the next.The other two biogeochemical regimes were at the central part of the continental shelf characterized by mixed phytoplankton community and at the outer shelf dominated by diatoms. Both regimes were characterized by considerably lower depletion of nutrients compare to those of the Marguerite Bay regime and were consistent between the two years.Interannual variability of biological production and possible sources of high ammonium stocks in Marguerite Bay were studied with a one-dimensional model, a modification of that of Walsh et al. (2001). The model attributed the decline in nutrient deficits to the difference in sea ice cover dynamics between two years. The greater sea ice presence led to the somewhat lower primary production during the second year compare to the fist one. Moreover, model's tight coupling between primary and bacterial production resulted in a decline of bacterial ammonification between the two years. Bacteria were found to be the primary source of ammonium in the Marguerite Bay model. Yet, 3-4-fold fluctuations in macro- and mesozooplankton biomass might have led to 15-25% variability in model's autumnal ammonium stocks.
Thesis:
Dissertation (Ph.D.)--University of South Florida, 2005.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
System Details:
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Yulia Mikhailovna Serebrennikova.
General Note:
Title from PDF of title page.
General Note:
Document formatted into pages; contains 201pages.
General Note:
Includes vita.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 001788776
oclc - 133466344
usfldc doi - E14-SFE0001448
usfldc handle - e14.1448
System ID:
SFS0025767:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text
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ABSTRACT: In this study, biogeochemical regimes of Marguerite Bay and the adjacent part of the West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) continental shelf were delineated through integration of nutrient, hydrographic, and biological measurements obtained during the LTER and SO GLOBEC studies during austral summer, autumn, and winter of 2001 and 2002.Marguerite Bay biogeochemical regime was found to differ from those of the adjacent WAP continental shelf. In terms of Treguer and Jacques (1992), Marguerite Bay is a combination of Coastal Continental Shelf Zone (CCSZ) and Seasonal Ice Zone (SIZ) distinguished by shallow mixing regime, high primary production and export production. At the end of the growing season (autumn) in both years, waters in Marguerite Bay were strongly depleted in nutrients (the deficits of total inorganic nitrogen (NO3-+NO2-+NH4+) and silica were >0.6 mol m-2 and >2.5 mol m-2, respectively). Observed N/P removal ratios of 10-12.5, lower than that of Redfield et al. (1963), and Si/N removal ratios as high as 4-5 indicated the dominance of diatoms. High autumnal ammonium stocks (>0.25 mol m-2) were observed in Marguerite Bay and were co-located with the areas of the highest nutrient deficits suggesting spatial coupling between primary and heterotrophic production during both years. Consistency of this feature was not disrupted by significant interannual variability of biological production in Marguerite Bay that resulted in ~30-50% reduction in nutrient deficits and ammonium stocks from the first year to the next.The other two biogeochemical regimes were at the central part of the continental shelf characterized by mixed phytoplankton community and at the outer shelf dominated by diatoms. Both regimes were characterized by considerably lower depletion of nutrients compare to those of the Marguerite Bay regime and were consistent between the two years.Interannual variability of biological production and possible sources of high ammonium stocks in Marguerite Bay were studied with a one-dimensional model, a modification of that of Walsh et al. (2001). The model attributed the decline in nutrient deficits to the difference in sea ice cover dynamics between two years. The greater sea ice presence led to the somewhat lower primary production during the second year compare to the fist one. Moreover, model's tight coupling between primary and bacterial production resulted in a decline of bacterial ammonification between the two years. Bacteria were found to be the primary source of ammonium in the Marguerite Bay model. Yet, 3-4-fold fluctuations in macro- and mesozooplankton biomass might have led to 15-25% variability in model's autumnal ammonium stocks.
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PAGE 60

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PAGE 61

>? $ )<<)BnD)

PAGE 62

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20 $ )<=)BnD)

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2> $ )<>)BnD)

PAGE 69

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PAGE 70

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PAGE 71

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PAGE 72

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PAGE 73

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6> $ )01)BnD)

PAGE 79

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6@ $ )00)BnD)

PAGE 83

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PAGE 84

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PAGE 86

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<=1 rtnrntnrrt)t nt(t nnrn frtt(nnfntrnnnnr r nnn rnnrntrrr nrnnrrt)An r n rn B * D3rttf3nn3!rn& O * E O O .* H O & & O &* Hc .8 = * Hc .: > * IBQ H H Hd D * I O & 3 * B EF] r; B*DG\FB ('&)1( r D\B; B OB 2 r .:> H.: > DGB0D c .8 = EF] r; B*DG 34'('&)1( r D\B; B
PAGE 145

<=< ('&) (3tnrn ntnnrnrrnBDrn n & (3rt n; nrnrnnrnf3rnBe 3 D(fr n rnBe * D(ffrnrBe f / D(rfb8"Be "b8"!)B>rDD trrrB(') D) ('&) E (') \; FXBe 3 He * He f / He "b8"D\& G B>rD 3 (') E 5 \ ( \; FIe t \fGHBfD (') XtrXtntrrnnnrnrn62I?1M( ( (rn nttfB 5 Dnttfrrnnrne t ) ( t;nr rnr nrtt rnrrnrfrtnr)B0112 I0 (rn3nnrr ( r E21 I0 rn rntnrntntntrtrBnr)(? I0 rnrn3rntnntrt trB+nr)(0110D)t nt(nr(rtrrr nrr ( r rtBU02 I0 DnrrntBrtrnr)(D( rn ( r rtrntrt t nt) -rtrItrnrntnrntB 2 r !)B0DrB=DD3tnf1)@? r1)
PAGE 146

<=0 Arf<1) rrntrnr rnnt)A%tnrnn rrn tttttn=)0)>) rDn rn brn" n ntt nt r;3n rnB I< D ]1)?1 1)?1 1)?6 $rnfrtt t g 1)1<1)112 1)112 $rn3n ;nrtb8" < Q 1)<=1)<1 1)>1 $rnfrtt rn4rtb8" 0 d 1)1<1)1< 1)1< "&" B3n3n I< D >2 21 <02 f "&. B I< D 6)6=6)6= 6)6= :rItrnrntnrn .8 = nr 7 .8= 1)@?1)@? 1)@? :rItrnrntnrn .: > nr 7 .:> 1)2 =2 02 rnnrn n( 0 B D I< e 1)10> 1)1<0 1)1>@ ,r4nt B I= D 1)1< 1)1= 1)1< n4rr4rnB r I= D I< (h II1)<02 1)<02 nB I< D 8 1)11< 0 1)1021)11< 0 f DR rn n *) +rr I t nI 4r $rnr4 8"nb8" 0 i1)211)211)211)211)1 $rntn 8"n nt j1)=21)=21)621)=21)>1 $rntn 8"nb7"r.: > k1)621)621)621)621)21 $rntn 8"nt` = 1)<1 nt nB I< D3211 211 <11 <11 =1 $rn n frttt l1)121)121)121)121)12

PAGE 147

<== Arf<1BnD) Drn rn .n r;3n rnB I< D ] 1)=0 $rn3nn b7"r.: > m 1)62 :rItrnrntnrn b8" <(0 nr 7 b8" 1)@= b 8" 0 rrnrfn 9 1)@1 nrnrn B I< D 1)16 rnnrn nB 0 B"D I< De f 1)1116 "&. B I< D 2)1 .nrnrn BJ I< D ` < 1)10 nrnntBJD 1)1< D8n rrnt nnrntr3rn B I< D e 3 1)1= nnrn Ot3 e t >)612 rnnrn n"b8" B 0 Bb8"D I< De 1)1111>? ttOt3 nttBD f <)1 nnttb8" 0 nb8" < BJb8" I< D` 0 1)>@ nr)BD .nrB
PAGE 148

<=> At 2 r rnrnttrnnrn<)1 nfBI1)== r nf"rrB011
PAGE 149

<=2 n,rnrnBDrr)bnr)B0111Dtnrnb8"rttnf6I 01Ltt r nnnfrnrrf!ntnttr) t nttrr;nrntnrrntr n nt Brnr)(0112D(rY2nS21LB.rrnr(0111Wnbn r)(0111D)AKt;nb83rttnrnnrnt<1L r nrntr n ntr>1L r n t nt)nr n rnttnnrrb8 nrntt n rnt3rtrttnf
PAGE 150

<=6 >)0)>)0) : n%n;b&tnn.fbtn AtnrfrnrIrt4 rnn3rntn nrntrrnrn rtrb( t(rtr t) "tnrrtrnftnntnrntnrt4 rnBS01JDtrtrnt)Artrr nr(r(n t3rfr(ntnrrt)r n rnn 3tnftf%nt nrr4)tr t3 trrnttrnr(n3nn ) "tnrrr4tnttrntBh D3rtf rrrfn rfrr4ntrBArf<1Drrtftnt)A r4tnttn(h(!)BDrtnn tr4nt(r;rtnrrr4 tntt3rttnnrrr<" I0 I< BArf<Vttr9n( 011<(0110Drrtt4 rnrfrtn trnt)7rnt011
PAGE 151

<=? A rf<<)nrrr;rr4tnttB" I0 I< DrntnBrD0111I0111>110)1 fD 01111=110210210210)1

PAGE 152

<=@ r ;rn2Lfrf rBrnr)(Vrnr)( 011>D)ttrrr!n01Lfrf(rrrnt 1)1>" I< )ttnrrrrffrtttrrr t 1)12r1)<"(t n(B"r:n(1" I0 I< ( t n)rr rfrt3 n*rr011<( nrfrt3nrnfrntnrn&211) I0 r <1(111Btr tD) I0 (t nBt%rnr)(011>D)nrr r !ntrfnnrr4>1" I0 I< r21 I0 I< (t n)Anrr4tnttrnt*rr011<3rt tnrnnf011" I0 I< BArf<Dnrn!611"

PAGE 153

<=/ I0 I< V<111rr rttBt%rnr)(011>D3n@1" I0 I< rf !ntVr tX01(111) I0 B<0111rr@111trX t%rnr)(011>Dnrnnrr4<61" I0 I< )At (nnrr4 tnttrntrn011<3rt trt@>1" I0 I< BArf<1I@1) I0 Bttr9n(0110Dttn %t(nr4tntt3rf<61I=01" I0 I< )fr rr rttr tt01103rtrttnfntrrt t011<)Anrr4tntt3rttnnfr;r$frX>11" I0 I< BArf<2) I0 rr rtt(<1(111) I0 tr tr=(611) I0 r t Bt%r( ))D)Anrr4tnttrnt3rt trt021" I0 I< rn0110BArf<
PAGE 154

<>1 7nnn!)B2Dj ( trrntn n rnnrnt rtrtr nt(h ( F < GXr4 n rntnt(i ( Xtttr4 n rnnt )Ann(` = (trnrt nt t n nrtfrn)$r nttt!)B2D tBnnnDr ntt(l ( Bnt;nnD)Artnnrnt rrn ntftIrr rnB rr ;D B,rtrnr(Dr rn nttnB"r4r( ):nr.rtB2B"O3nrnr 1)=6n1)26nrtnt:nr.rtBL" I< ) #tnrtt ntnrrrtnrn2Lfrf(ntnrtrnt n;nrt rnttt01I@1Ltnfrtt) >)0)>)=) *b&nntfr Arnrn rnntrnf nr rtt(rntrnn rrntB'rnr)(
PAGE 155

<>< nrntrn3nntnrn3rntB"rn r)(0111Drtn tnrn3n n rnfrttBnr)( 1Lnr rnntnf n4rt3rtrtrtr nt33nntr rtrtnttnrrt)nrtrfrtrntr B,tnr)( DB"D I< I< )7n( 21L8tnf nrt3rttnnb7"r.: > )nr nr nrt8nb7"r.: > nr4frnrr3rt nfrnrnrnrn) >)0)>)>) tfbtntfr r4rnrrnnn3rt fn3 t frnr(nrt( / (rnntBArf<1D)8nt(nrrtnrn rrf( / (3nrnnrrtnrn;n(` < )A3 trrnn( rb8" < rrrb8" 0 (rnrrrfnn rfrnrn& O / E O & '4 O &/ H O '; O ./ HB
PAGE 156

<>0 Anrnnntn!)B6Drfrnr3nnt(; tt rt nrb8")b8" < 3rtn rtftnrnr frnr)rnrn4b8" 0 3nrrnn!nt3n trntfb8" < ) ttffrnrr4rn rnrnr rnn3rt nfrfn4 rn ntrtn nttnl !)B2Dr n rnftrtn n rnrnttnd!)BI>2rtBtInr)(0110Dr2I?1 rtB+nnr)(Dr<)0@rt Br'r(2L rtnrnfbnr)B0111Dnttr)Ar 62Lnrttrnb8"3rtrnrtb7"r.: > )nfrnrr

PAGE 157

<>= nr rnt3rntntrntnn!nt( nrrn3rtnrrt nnnrnrtnr 3rntBA rtnr)((,tnr)()0)>)2) trr=tnbntf trtnrnrrf(nnrttrrfBb7"D3nn rt& b7"O nE O 4'4 O 4b7"H O O b7"W c .: > * W c .8 = * H g * H 7 7 B
PAGE 158

<>> Atrtrrtb7"3rnfn nrfntt"8 0 Br!)D r:"8 = I f n rn ntntt(fnt rn n rn(4 rn(rfrnr(frnrrnr;r)"8 0 t rrt(;rrtttrItrnr3rtrttBrtrbn( O nE O 4'4 O 4.: > H O O .: > W1)<2 c .: > * X` < H1)<2 7 7 B
PAGE 159

<>2 >)0)2) tntn ntnnrn tftrr4 rnr4 tt rnr rnnrnn3tn3nn3 trt)Atntr3rtfrtn trnt(tr nrn(;Irn rn(;Irtrn(;Ir n(tr 3tnttBArf@rD(rr4tntt4 rnBArf<
PAGE 160

<>6 $r(rfn rrntArf<13nnt n fnftrntr3 n rt tr3r nrt)At(rttnnrrtt3rt n3tnntnt nr rrn4rn) *$'b(b >)=)<) $t=tnntbnnttnbbt/tn nrrnr AKtnnttf tnrnnrnrftrnt ntrrfntnfrtnfr)A trn0111I0110rD) $)>=rt3tnrnnrn3rtr rntrnr n rnBIrnS1)@Dntntntn0111I011
PAGE 161

<>? B rD0111I011<.nrn BfD0111I011< B D011<)AKtrrtBrDnrnBJDrBfDrBJD0111I011