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Transmission power control for wireless sensors networks

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Transmission power control for wireless sensors networks
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Souccar, Karim
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K_USF-B-MAC
Energy saving
WSN Blockset
WSN simulator
Dynamic power adjustment
Dissertations, Academic -- Electrical Engineering -- Masters -- USF
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bibliography   ( marcgt )
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ABSTRACT: Energy saving, in battery operated wireless sensor networks, for the purpose of increasing the node and network lifetime, has gained substantial importance. This research was conducted with the objective of reducing the power consumption of the MICA2 sensors. The objective was pursued by manipulating the MAC layer, and by introducing a dynamic transmission power control algorithm. A new simulation tool was developed in order to reduce the complexity related to the design and testing of the transmission power control algorithm. The power control algorithm was also developed in the NesC language for the MICA2 sensors. In addition,several modifications were introduced to the original MAC protocol. Data, derived from both simulations and experiments, demonstrated that a significant reduction in energy expenditure was achieved, for the MICA2 sensors. In addition,the data revealed that the network lifetime was extended. This research dramatically illustrated the energy saving potential of the application of transmission power control procedures in wireless sensor networks.
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Thesis (M.A.)--University of South Florida, 2006.
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Includes bibliographical references.
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by Karim Souccar.
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TransmissionPowerControlforWirelessSensorsNetworksbyKarimSouccarAthesissubmittedinpartialfulllmentoftherequirementsforthedegreeofMasterofScienceinElectricalEngineeringDepartmentofElectricalEngineeringCollegeofEngineeringUniversityofSouthFloridaMajorProfessor:WilfridoMoreno,Ph.D.JamesLeffew,Ph.D.MiguelLabrador,Ph.D.DateofApproval:July11,2006Keywords:K USF-B-MAC,EnergySaving,WSNBlockset,WSNSimulator,DynamicPowerAdjustmentcCopyright2006,KarimSouccar

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DEDICATIONTomyParents,myBrotherandmyWife.

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSIexpressdeepgratitudeandrespecttomyundergraduateprofessorsDr.AhmedLotfyandDr.HusseinElDessoukyforteachingmetheethicsandfundamentalsofElectricalEngineering.Tomycommitteeprofessors,forwhomIhavedeeprespect,IextendaheartfeltThankYou.IamgratefultoDr.WilfridoMorenoforbeingmyMajorprofessorandforthesupportheprovidedthroughoutmyMastersprogram.IgiveaveryspecialthankstoDr.MiguelLabradorwhospentalotoftimeandeffortteachingmewirelesssensornetworks.Dr,Labradoralwaystriedtoanswerallmyquestions;eventhestupidones.IamreallythankfultoDr.JamesLeffewwhowasarealmentorduringmymaster'sdegreeandwhotaughtmealotwhileIwassneakingandsittinginhisclasses.Iofferveryspecialthankstoallmyfriendsandco-workerswhohelpedmealongtheway.Specially,Dr.AshrafAyoubforallhishelpandsupportduringtheMaster'sprocess.Mr.DanielQuintelawhoinspiredmewiththeideaforthisresearch.Mr.MauricioCastillohelpedmeim-menselythroughhisdiscussionsandarguments.Mr.CarlosCastillohelpedmeextensivelybyexchangingideasandbyteachingmemoreaboutMatlab.SpecialthankstoMr.MarcIskandarforhishelpinproofreadingmythesis.Mr.EduardoZurektriedtoconveyhisworkexperienceinordertomakemyownmorepleasant.Ioffermysinceregratitudetomyfamilyfortheirconstantmotivationandsupport.Iamespe-ciallygratefultomywifeforherpatience,reinforcementandencouragement.Inaddition,Imustdocumentandthankherfortheuntiringassistancesheprovidedduringthesensornodesexperi-ments.Thesensornodesexperiments,inparticular,andthetotalresearch,ingeneral,wouldnothavebeenpossiblewithouttheloveandsupportofmywife.

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TABLEOFCONTENTSLISTOFTABLESivLISTOFFIGURESviABSTRACTixCHAPTER1INTRODUCTION11.1Introduction11.2Motivation11.3ProblemStatement21.4ThesisContribution21.5DocumentStructure3CHAPTER2BACKGROUND42.1WirelessSensorNetworksArchitecture42.1.1SensorNodes42.1.1.1Processing52.1.1.2Sensing62.1.1.3Communication62.1.1.4Power72.1.1.5OperatingSystem82.1.2BaseStations92.1.2.1Processing112.1.2.2Communication122.1.2.3Power122.1.2.4OperatingSystem122.2WirelessSensorsPhysicalLayer132.2.1ModulationandDemodulationSchemes132.2.2RadioCommunication142.2.2.1ChannelModels152.2.3RadioTransceivers162.2.3.1RFMTR1000RadioChip182.2.3.2ChipconCC1000RadioChip182.2.3.3ChipconCC2420RadioChip212.3WirelessSensorsMACLayer212.3.1EnergyProblemsintheMACLayer222.3.1.1Collisions222.3.1.2Overhearing222.3.1.3ProtocolOverhead232.3.1.4IdleListening23i

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2.3.2ProblemScenariosintheMAC232.3.2.1HiddenTerminalProblem232.3.2.2ExposedTerminalProblem232.3.3CommonWSNandMACProtocols242.3.3.1S-MACProtocol252.3.3.2B-MACProtocol252.4EnergyConsumptionandSolutions262.4.1Transceiver272.4.1.1TransmissionPowerControlwithoutTopologyControl282.4.1.2TransmissionPowerControlwithTopologyControl312.4.2Sensors322.4.3Processor322.4.3.1DynamicPowerManagement332.4.3.2DynamicVoltageandFrequencyScaling332.4.4Memory332.5Simulators34CHAPTER3RESEARCHPLATFORMDEVELOPMENT353.1TheK USF-B-MACProtocol353.1.1K USF-B-MACOverview363.1.1.1ParentandChildrenNodesFunctions373.2SimulationTool383.2.1WSNBlockset403.2.2K USF-B-MACinTinyOS423.2.2.1MainFeatures43CHAPTER4EXPERIMENTSDESIGNS,RESULTSANDANALYSIS454.1ProtocolDesignRelatedExperiments454.1.1ReceiverSensitivity454.1.2TransmissionPowerLevels474.1.3RSSIError474.2ProtocolTestingExperiments484.2.1DynamicTransmissionPowerAdjustment484.2.2MultihopTransmissionPowerControl494.2.3K USF-B-MACCompatibilitywiththeStandardB-MACProtocol504.2.3.1BaseStationwithB-MACProtocol504.2.3.2BasestationwithK USF-B-MACProtocol514.3EnergyEvaluationExperiments514.3.1Outdoor4-MotesExperiment514.3.2Indoor2-MotesExperiment524.3.3SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperiment53CHAPTER5CONCLUSIONSANDFUTUREWORK555.1Conclusions555.2FutureWork55REFERENCES57ii

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APPENDICES60AppendixAExperimentsResults61iii

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LISTOFTABLESTable2.1Crossbow'sSensorandDataAcquisitionBoards,[15]7Table2.2AveragePath-LossExponentsandShadowingVarianceatRefer-enceDistancesNear-GroundMeasurementsin800-1000MHz,[15]16Table2.3CC1000RFPowerSettings,[14]20Table2.4SomeSensorsCharacteristics,[16]33Table3.1TimeandCurrentConsumptionforPrimitiveOperationsBasedon[27]and[14]41Table4.1Outdoor4-MotesExperiment:NodesLocations52Table4.2Outdoor4-MotesExperiment:B-MACandK USF-B-MACMes-sagesReceivedandRegisteredbytheBaseStationUsingCrossbow'srMoteviewr52Table4.3Outdoor4-MotesExperiment:B-MACandK USF-B-MACEnergyConsumptionin1HourWith455MessagesSent52Table4.4Indoor2-MotesExperiment:B-MACandK USF-B-MACMes-sagesReceivedandRegisteredbytheBaseStationUsingCrossbow'srMoteviewr53Table4.5Indoor2-MotesExperiment:B-MACandK USF-B-MACEnergyConsumptionin20MinutesWith165MessagesSent53Table4.6SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperiment:NodesLocations54Table4.7SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperiment:MessagesReceivedandRegisteredbytheBaseStationforK USF-B-MACwithTransmis-sionPowerControlversusK USF-B-MACwithoutTransmissionPowerControl54Table4.8SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperiment:EnergySaving54TableA.1Outdoor4-MotesExperiments:FixedTransmissionPower74TableA.2Outdoor4-MotesExperiments:VariableTransmissionPower137TableA.3CompatibilityValidation:Node1withK USF-B-MACProtocolOtherswithStandardB-MACProtocol201iv

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TableA.4CompatibilityValidation:Node2withB-MACProtocolOtherswithK USF-B-MACProtocol204TableA.5DynamicPowerAdjustmentExperiment208TableA.6Indoor2-MotesExperiment:NodesProgrammedwithK USF-B-MACProtocol230TableA.7Indoor2-MotesExperiment:NodesProgrammedwithB-MACPro-tocol242TableA.8MultihopExperimentwithK USF-B-MACProtocol254v

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LISTOFFIGURESFigure1.1WirelessSensorNetwork,[6]2Figure2.1MICA2rMote,[12]5Figure2.2TheCrossbowMTS420CAwithGPSModule,[15]7Figure2.3TinyOSComponentModel,[21]9Figure2.4SurgeApplicationinNesC10Figure2.5MIB600,[7]11Figure2.6Stargate,[23]11Figure2.7StargateBlockDiagram,[23]12Figure2.8CC1000BlockDiagram,[14]19Figure2.9RSSIVoltagevs.InputPower,[14]21Figure2.10HiddenTerminalProblem24Figure2.11ExposedTerminalProblem24Figure2.12S-MACPrinciple,[16]26Figure2.13ClearChannelAssessmentonaReceivedSignalStrengthIndica-tor,RSSI,Trace,[27]27Figure2.14FirstOrderRadioModel,[28]28Figure3.1TransmissionPowerAlgorithm35Figure3.2TreeTopology36Figure3.3ChildNodesFunctions37Figure3.4ParentNodesFunctions38Figure3.5NodeFunctioningasaParent39Figure3.6NodeFunctioningasaChild40Figure3.7WSNBlockset42vi

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Figure3.8PartofStateowImplementationoftheK USF-B-MAC43Figure4.1BaseStationReceiver'sSensitivity,[15]46Figure4.2Node1Receiver'sSensitivity,[15]46Figure4.3RSSIVoltageUsingaTektronicsOscilloscope47Figure4.4DynamicTransmissionPowerAdjustmentforaBaseStation48Figure4.5DynamicTransmissionPowerAdjustmentMoteTrajectory49Figure4.6IncreasingDistanceBetweenSenderandReceiver49Figure4.7DecreasingDistanceBetweenSenderandReceiver50Figure4.8Outdoor4-MotesEnergyExperiment52FigureA.1TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0161FigureA.2TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0261FigureA.3TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0362FigureA.4TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0462FigureA.5TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0563FigureA.6TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0663FigureA.7TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0764FigureA.8TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0864FigureA.9TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0965FigureA.10TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0A65FigureA.11TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0B66FigureA.12TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0C66FigureA.13TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0E67FigureA.14TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0F67FigureA.15TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel4068FigureA.16TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel5068FigureA.17TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel6069FigureA.18TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel7069FigureA.19TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel8070vii

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FigureA.20TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel9070FigureA.21TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevelC071FigureA.22TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevelE071FigureA.23TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevelFF72FigureA.24SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperimentwithTransmissionPowerControl72FigureA.25ParametersforSimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperimentwithTxPowerControl73FigureA.26ParametersforSimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperimentwithoutTxPowerControl73viii

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TRANSMISSIONPOWERCONTROLFORWIRELESSSENSORSNETWORKSKarimSouccarABSTRACTEnergysaving,inbatteryoperatedwirelesssensornetworks,forthepurposeofincreasingthenodeandnetworklifetime,hasgainedsubstantialimportance.ThisresearchwasconductedwiththeobjectiveofreducingthepowerconsumptionoftheMICA2sensors.TheobjectivewaspursuedbymanipulatingtheMAClayer,andbyintroducingadynamictransmissionpowercontrolalgorithm.Anewsimulationtoolwasdevelopedinordertoreducethecomplexityrelatedtothedesignandtestingofthetransmissionpowercontrolalgorithm.ThepowercontrolalgorithmwasalsodevelopedintheNesClanguagefortheMICA2sensors.Inaddition,severalmodicationswereintroducedtotheoriginalMACprotocol.Data,derivedfrombothsimulationsandexperiments,demonstratedthatasignicantreductioninenergyexpenditurewasachieved,fortheMICA2sensors.Inaddition,thedatarevealedthatthenetworklifetimewasextended.Thisresearchdramaticallyillustratedtheenergysavingpotentialoftheapplicationoftransmissionpowercontrolproceduresinwirelesssensornetworks.ix

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CHAPTER1INTRODUCTION1.1IntroductionRecently,thecomputernetworksresearchcommunityhaswitnessedahighinterestandatremen-dousamountofresearchinWirelessSensorsNetworks,WSNs.AlargenumberofnetworksaredeployedinbothMilitaryandcivildomains.Ahugenumberofapplicationshavebeenandarebeingdevelopedfordifferentareasincludingaircrafthealthmonitoring,surveillanceSystems,real-timetrafcmonitoring,volcaniceruptionsmonitoringandhabitatmonitoring,[1],[2],[3],[4],[5],amongothers.WSNshavethemissionofsensing,monitoringandinsomeinstancescontrollingdifferenten-vironmentalandphysicalquantities.Inaddition,theyareresponsibleforreportingmissionrelateddatatoabasestation.WSNsaredesignedtosimultaneouslyselfcongureandselfhealifanychangeoccurstothenetworktopology.Inordertoovercomenodelimitationssuchaspowerandprocessingcapabilities,WSNsarerequiredtoworkinafullycollaborativeanddistributedman-ner.Insomeapplications,theseembeddedsystemnetworksrequirealargenumberofnodestobedeployed.However,WSNsdonotrequireanyexistinginfrastructurepriortodeployment.1.2MotivationWSNsareusedtoacquirephysicaldatafromtheenvironmentandsendittobeprocessed,seeFigure1.1.Thenetworksensorsarerequiredtobesmall,runonbatteriesandfunctionforthelongesttimepossible.Theserequirementsmakeenergythemainchallengeandprimaryfocusofsensordesign.Themainfocusofthisresearchwastondwaystoreducesensorenergyconsump-tion.CAcompleteliteratureresearchwasperformedandasummaryispresentedinchapter2.Itwasfoundthataverylimitedamountofresearchhasbeenperformedtoreduceenergyconsumptionby1

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Figure1.1WirelessSensorNetwork,[6]meansofreducingthetransmissionpowerinthetransceivers.However,inmostwirelesssensors,thetransmissionpowerhasbeenfoundtobethemajorpowerconsumingfactor.Currently,wirelesssensorsareprogrammedanddeployedwithaxedtransmissionpowerlevelthatdoesnotchangeduringthelifetimeofthesensors.1.3ProblemStatementDuetoenergylimitationswithinWSNnodes,itisessentialthatnewmethodsbeinvestigatedand/ordevelopedtoreducepowerconsumptioninordertoimprovenetworklifetimeandefciency.Thisresearchproposedtoachievethisgoalbymeansofdynamicallychangingthetransmissionpowerbasedonsignalstrengthwhileguaranteeingfullconnectivity.Thealgorithmdeveloped,toachievetheobjective,wasdesignedandimplementedattheMAClayer.1.4ThesisContributionTheresearchinvestigatedtheavailableoptionsfortransmissionpowercontrolinordertoreducetheenergyconsumptionofthebatteries.Themaincontributionsofthisresearchare:2

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Providesacomprehensiveliteraturereviewofthepresentandpastresearch,whichhasbeenperformedinthisarea.Inaddition,anadumbrationispresentedofsomeadvantagesanddisadvantagesofthedifferentmethods.PresentsamodiedMACprotocolthatdynamicallychangestheTransmissionpower.Introducessomemajorcorechangestothecurrentlyusedsensornodesinordertoincorporatedynamictransmissionpowercontrol.PresentsanewsimulationtoolforWirelesssensornetworks.EvaluatesthedevelopedMACprotocolwiththenewsimulationtoolandtestsitonthesensornodes.1.5DocumentStructureChapter2providesanoverviewofthebackgroundmaterialrelatedtothewirelesssensornet-works.Italsopresentsaliteraturereviewrelatedtopowerconsumptionandthecurrentlyusedsimulatorsforwirelesssensornetworks.Chapter3demonstratesthemodiedMACprotocolde-signalternatives.Thenewsimulationtooldesignandthesensornodemodications,whichwererequiredtoenforcethenewMACprotocolarepresentedanddiscussed.Chapter4evaluatesthenewMACprotocolusingthenewsimulationtool.Adiscussionisalsopresented,whichoutlinesthoseactionsthatwererequiredinordertoimplementthenewprotocolonarealsensornetwork.Additionally,severalexperimentsarediscussedandtheirresultsarepresentedanddiscussed.Chap-ter5isasimpliedsummaryoftheresearchandincludesrecommendationsforpossiblefutureinvestigationsintheeld.3

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CHAPTER2BACKGROUND2.1WirelessSensorNetworksArchitectureWirelesssensornetworksarecomprisedoftwomaincomponents,whicharetermedthesourcesandthesinks.Thesensornodesarethesourcesofthenetwork.SensornodesarealsoknownasMotes,[7].MotesrepresentthelargercomponentpopulationofaWSNdeployment.TheMotesperformtheprimaryWSNfunctionsofsensing,processingandcommunicating.Motesareveryrestrictedwithrespecttopowersincetheyarebatteryoperated.Thebasestationsarethesinksofthenetwork.BasestationspossessfunctionalitysimilartothefunctionalityoftheMotes.However,basestationsareassignedverydifferentresponsibilities.Theyarerequiredtoperformextensiveamountsofprocessingandcommunication.Inaddition,thebasestationsactasgatewaysfordifferentplatformsandnetworkssuchastheInternetorcellularnetworks.Basestationsareusuallyconnectedtoadirectpowersource,whicheliminatespowerasaconcernofhighpriority.2.1.1SensorNodesDifferentfamiliesandplatformsofsensornetworksareavailableforresearchanddevelopment.Thechoicedependsonthetypeofapplicationandonitsrequirementsconcerningprocessingspeed,batterylife,rangeanddegreeofaccuracy.TheBTnodesrfamilywasdevelopedinSwitzerlandatETHZurich,[8].TheEYESrfamilywassponsoredbytheEnergyEfcientSensorNetworksinEurope,[9].TheWirelessIntegratedNetworkSensors,WINS,nodesweredevelopedatUCLA1,[10].AnotherwellknownfamilyofwirelesssensornodesistheCrossbowfamily.The 1UniversityofCaliforniaLosAngeles4

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CrossbowMoteswereinitiallydevelopedatUCBerkeley2,[7].ThemainmotesintheCrossbowfamilyaretheMICAr,MICA2r,MICA2DOTrandtheMICAZrmotes,[7].TheCrossbowMICA2rmoteswereutilizedduringthisresearch.TheMICA2rmoteisasmallembeddedde-vice,whichisbasedontheAtmel-ATmega128Llow-powermicro-controller,[11].AccordingtotheMICA2r,MPR400CB,datasheet,theMICA2rcanrunanapplicationaswellasperformradiocommunicationssimultaneously,[12].TheMICA2rpossessesa51-pinexpansionconnectorthatsupportsAnaloginputs,DigitalI/O,I2C,SPIandUARTinterfaces,whichcanbeconnectedtoawidevarietyofexternalperipherals.TheMICA2rrunstheTinyOSroperatingsystemfromitsinternalashmemory,[13].TheMICA2ralsousestheChipconCC1000radiotransceiver,[14].TheMICA2riscompatiblewithmanytypesofsensor-boards,[15].TheChipconCC1000radiotransceiverisexplainedinsubsection2.2.3. Figure2.1MICA2rMote,[12]2.1.1.1ProcessingProcessingistheprimaryfunctionofthewirelesssensornodes.Processingisperformedbyamicro-controller,whichcollectsthedatafromthesensors,processesthedatainaccordancewithstoredprogramsandtransmitsthemtothebasestation.Mote'smicro-controllersmayvaryinpro-cessingcapabilities,whichdependsontheamountofprocessingrequiredbytheapplication.Anexampleofsuchamicro-controlleristheDigitalSignalProcesser,DSP.TheDSPisdesigned 2UniversityofCaliforniaBerkeley5

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specicallyforrapidandefcientdigitalsignalprocessingoperations,whichdemandsadirecttrade-offwithconcernsaboutenergyconsumption.TheMICA2rusesanAtmel-ATmega128L,whichisalow-powermicro-controller.TheAT-mega128Lisan8-bitAVRrmicro-controller,whichisbasedonaRISC3architecture.TheAT-mega128Lisdrivenbyan8MHZclockandcontains128K BytesofOn chip-In Systemrepro-grammableFlashmemoryforapplicationprogramstorage.TheATmega128Lrequiresapproxi-mately8mAinactivemodeandlessthan15Ainsleepmode.2.1.1.2SensingSensorscanbeclassiedinto3differentcategories,[16].Thesensorcategoriesareclassiedaspassiveomnidirectional,passivenarrowbeamoractive.Thepassivesensorsdonotpossesssub-stantialenergyrequirements.Passivesensorsonlyrequiresufcientenergyforsignalamplication.Omnidirectionalsensorscanmeasurephysicalparameterssuchaslight,temperatureandhumidity,whichdonotrequireanydirectionalorientation.Ontheotherhand,narrowbeamsensorsrequirespecicdirectioninformationsuchthatprovidedbycameras.Activesensorsrequireenergytoper-formthesensingfunction.RadarsandIsotopicsensorsareagoodexamplesofactivesensorssincetheymusttransmitenergyinordertosense.Thisresearchwasconcernedwithbatteryoperatedwirelesssensors.Sinceactivesensorsdissipateenergyinordertosenseandarerarelypoweredbybatteries,activesensorswereexcludedfromconsiderationbythisresearch.TheCrossbowPlatformhasavarietyofsensors,calledsensorboardswhichareusedfordif-ferenttypesofmeasurements,[15].ThecapabilitiesofthedifferentsensorboardsispresentedinTable2.1.TheMTS420CAsensorboard,whichispicturedinFigure2.2,aswellastheMICA2r,MPR400CB,whichispresentedinFigure2.1,wereusedinthepracticalexperiments,whicharediscussedinChapter4.2.1.1.3CommunicationSensornodescancommunicateusingdifferentwaysforinformationexchange.Inthecaseofwirelesssensors,RadioFrequency,RF,communication,isthemostsuitable,[16].TheRF 3ReducedInstructionSetComputer6

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Table2.1Crossbow'sSensorandDataAcquisitionBoards,[15] Crossbo wPartName Motes Supported Sensors andfeatures MTS101CA MICA, MICA2 Light, temperature,prototypingarea MTS300CA MICA, MICA2 Light, temperature,microphone,buzzer MTS310CA MICA, MICA2 Light, temperature,microphone,buzzer, 2-axis accelerometer,2-axismagnetometer MTS400CA MICA2 Ambient light,relativehumidity,temperature, 2-axis accelerometer,barometricpressure MTS420CA MICA2 Same astheMTS400CAplusaGPSmodule MTS510CA MICA2DO T Light, microphone,2-axisaccelerometer MD A300CA MICA2 light, relativehumidity,generalpurposeinterfaceforexternalsensors MD A500CA MICA2DO T Prototyping area Figure2.2TheCrossbowMTS420CAwithGPSModule,[15] communicationfunctionsfortheMICA2r motesareperformedbythetheChipconCC1000r singlechiptransceiver,[14].TheRFcommunicationfunctionsfortheMICAmotesareperformed bytheRFMTR1000r transceiver,[17].TheRFcommunicationfunctionsforthenewMICAZr areperformedbythenewChipconCC2420r transceiver,[7],[18].ThenewMICAZr motesare Zigbee(802.15.4)compliantmotes,[19].Thesetransceiversaredescribedindetailinsection2.2. 2.1.1.4Power Wirelesssensorscanbepoweredbydifferenttypesofpowersources.Thechoiceofpower sourcedependsontheapplicationspecicationsandtheavailableresources.Somenetworks,which simplyusethecapabilitiesofthesensorsfordataacquisition,canbewiredtoapowersource. However,thesetypesofnetworkscouldbenet,forcertainapplications,fromthereplacementof 7

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someorallofitssensorsbywirelessmotesthroughareductionofthewiresfromeachsensortothemaindataacquisitionpanel.Othertypesofnetworks,whichcannotaccommodatewiredlinkstopowersourcesorbetweennodesofthenetwork,utilizewirelesslinksbetweennodesthatarepopulatedwithbatteryoperatedmotes.Thesetypesofnetworks,aspreviouslydened,aretermedWSNs.WSNspresentparticulardesignandoperationalchallenges,whicharespecicallyrelatedtothebatteries.InWSNsthesensornodesshouldbeassmallaspossible,whichlimitsthebatteries'weightandsize.Therefore,inordertomaximizenode-lifetimethebatteriesshouldhavealowselfdischargeandretaintheenergywhennotusedforalongtime,[16].Additionally,thebatteriesshouldhaveahighcapacity,especiallyunderload.Itispossible,forasensornodetouseenergyscavengingtechniquessuchasphotovoltaic,temperaturegradientsorvibrationstorechargeitsbatteries,[16].Thechallengeassociatedwithrechargeistheprovisionoftheadditionalcomponentsforeachsensornode.Theadditionofcompo-nentsforrechargeofthenodesbatterieswouldincreaseitscostandmightmakealargedeploymentmorechallenging.2.1.1.5OperatingSystemAnoperatingsystemprovidesasoftwareenvironmentfortheexecutionofapplicationprograms.Inthesensornodes,theoperatingsystemshouldhandleconcurrenciesandpossessasmallfootprint.Thesensornodesarerequiredtopolldifferentsensors,listentotheradioandprocesstheincomingandoutgoingsenseddata.Iftheoperatingsystemwerebasedonasimplesequentialmodel,itwouldmissdatawhenbusyhandlingotherprocesses,[16].MICA2motesrunaspecialoperatingsystemcalledTinyOSrTheTinyOSrwhichispre-sentedinFigure2.3andwasdevelopedbyJasonHillfromUCBerkeley,isaspecialevent-drivenoperatingsystem,[20].TinyOSprovidesahardwareabstractionaswellashardwareandsoftwaremanagementresources.Lowerlayerscansignaleventstohigherlayers,whilehigherlayerscancallcommandstolowerlayers.TinyOSrdoesnothaveaKernelorprovideforprocessmanagement.TinyOSpossessestwolevelsofFIFO4schedulers,whicharetermedEventsandTasks.Tasks.Theschedulersareneededforlongcalculationsandruntocompletion.However,theschedulersarenot 4FirstInFirstOut8

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allowedtointerruptthesystem.Theschedulerscanbepreemptedbyeventsbutnotbyothertasks. However,tasksmaycalleventsorcommands. Programmingofmotesisperformedinaverymodular,componentbased,fashionaspresented inFigure[21].TheNesCr languageistheofcialprogramminglanguageforthemotes,[22]. NesCr isbasicallyanextensionoftheCprogramminglanguageandisbasedontheconceptof components.NesCr supportstheevent-basedconcurrencymodel,whichisembodiedinTinyOS, [22].ThesurgeprogrampresentedinFigure2.4isanexampleofNesCr programmingandisan actualoperationalprogramusedforenvironmentalmonitoring. Figure2.3TinyOSComponentModel,[21] 2.1.2BaseStations WirelesssensornetworksdifferfromAd-Hocnetworksduetothepresenceofabasestation. Basestationshavetwomainfunctions.Basestationscollectdatafromallthesensors,processesthe dataandthenstoresthedatainadatabaseforfurtheruserprocessingorforgeneratingtriggers.In addition,basestationsactasagatewaybetweenthewirelesssensorsnetworksandothernetworks. 9

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Figure2.4SurgeApplicationinNesCDependingonthehardwarespecicationsofthebasestation,thewirelesssensornetworksmaybeconnectedtocellularnetworks,LANs5,WLANs6ortotheInternet.TwotypesofbasestationscanbeintegratedwiththeMICA2motes.TheMICA2basestationsaredescribedinsubsection2.1.1,theMIB7andtheStargate.Eachbasestationmustbeconnectedtoamoteinordertobecomeapartofthewirelesssensornetwork.Themoteisconnectedseriallytothebasestationwithviaa51-pinExpansionConnector.TheMIBpresentedingure2.5isadeviceusedtoconnectthemotestoapersonalcomputer,whichistobeprogrammed.Itcanalsobeusedasabasestationforadeployedwirelesssensornetworkandsendtheinformationtothecomputerforprocessing.Generally,theMIBisusedforexperimentaldeployments.TheStargateisanindependentsingleboardcomputer.ThisPersonalDigitalAssistant8,PDA,classdeviceispresentedinFigure2.6.TheStargatecanhavemanyperipheralssuchasWiFi9,cellular,andashcards. 5LocalAreaNetworks6WirelessLocalAreaNetworks7MoteInterfaceBoards8PersonalDigitalAssistant9WirelessFidelity10

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Figure2.5MIB600,[7] Figure2.6Stargate,[23] 2.1.2.1Processing Basestations,alsotermedsinks,arerequiredtohavehighprocessingpower.Theyhaveto collectdatafromallsensors,processthedata,andstorethedatainadatabase.Thebasestation usesthepersonalcomputerprocessingpowertoachieveitsgoal,[7].Abasestationonlyreceives packetsfromthemotetowhichitisconnectedandforwardsthepacketstothecomputerthrough theethernet,(MIB600),ortheserialport,(MIB510). TheStargateisapowerfulsingleboardcomputerwithenhancedcommunicationsandsensor signalprocessingcapabilities,[23].Itusesanintel400MHzX-Scaler RISCprocessor,(PXA255), andaSA1111StrongARMCompanionChipformultipleI/Oaccess.Thestargatepossessesof64 MBofSDRAMand32MBFLASHmemory.ItfeaturesaPCMCIASlotandaCompactFlashSlot. AblockdiagramofthestargateispresentedinFigure2.7. 11

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Figure2.7StargateBlockDiagram,[23] 2.1.2.2Communication StargatesutilizeRFlinkstocommunicatewithsensornodesusingaregularmotethathasa specialID,whichisequaltozero.Whataddstothecommunicationofthestargateisthepresence ofothercommunicationdevicessuchascellularcards,WiFisorethernetcables. 2.1.2.3Power PowerisnotthesameissueforBasestationsasitisforsensornodes.Thebasestationis connecteddirectlytoapowersource,whichenablesittoprocessmoredataandrelievesensor nodesofprocessingburdensinsomecentralizedapproaches.Thiscapabilityprovidesthebase stationtheexibilitytoactasagateway. 2.1.2.4OperatingSystem Theoperatingsystemforabasestationshouldbelesscomplexthananoperatingsystemfora personalcomputer.However,theoperatingsystemforabasestationshouldbemorecomplexthan theoperatingsystemusedinthesensornodes. TheStargateusesanembeddedLinuxenvironmentasitsoperatingsystem.TheLinuxenvironmenthasafootprintoflessthan10MBandsupportstheselectionofindividualcomponentsto tailortheKernelaccordingtotherequirementsoftheapplication. 12

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2.2WirelessSensorsPhysicalLayerWirelesssensornetworksprotocolstackdifferstremendouslyfromtheOSI10referencemodel[24].IntheOSIstack,eachlayeriswelldenedandcompletelyindependentinfunctionoftheotherlayers.Accordingto[24],protocollayeringprovidesastructuralmodelwithahighdegreeofabstraction.Itsmodularitymakesthecomponentsupdatingeasier,butanylayermayduplicatelowerlayerfunctions.Inwirelesssensornetworks,especiallythebatteryoperatedones,thismodelisnolongerfunctional.Inotherwords,inordertosaveenergy,wirelesssensornetworksprotocolstackismoreinformalinthelayerintercommunicationcomparedtotheOSIcounterpart.Ittriestoavoidtheredundantworkdonewithinlayers,andtriestosolvetheenergy-complexityoptimizationproblem.ThissectionpresentsastudyofthewirelesssensornodesphysicalandMAClayer.Asdescribedin[16],thephysicallayer'smainfunctionistomodulateanddemodulatethedata.Themaintaskistosearchforthebestmodulationschemeandtransceiver'sarchitecturethatislowcost,simpleandnotenergyhungry.ThesewirelesssensornetworksoperateintheISM11publicbands,whichmeansthattheyshouldtakeintoconsiderationtheinterferencescausedbyothernetworksliketheIEEE802.11,BluetoothandtheIEEE802.15.4.2.2.1ModulationandDemodulationSchemesAccordingto[16],Modulationisthemappingofsymbolstoasetofwaveforms.Thisoperationisperformedatthetransmitterside.Toretrievetheoriginaldata,thereceiverperformsareciprocaloperationcalledthedemodulation.[16]Thetypicalformofmodulationisthebandpassmodulation.Thecarrierisrepresentedbyacosinewavewithadeterminedamplitude,frequency,andphaseshift.Thismodulationsignalstcanberepresentedbyequation2.1whereAtistheamplitude,!tisthefrequencyandtisthephaseshift.[16]st=At:cos!t+t.1 10OpenSystemsInterconnection11TheIndustrial,ScienticandMedical13

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Thereare3primarytypesofmodulations:AmplitudeShiftKeyingASK,FrequencyShitKeyingFSKandPhaseShiftKeyingPSK.[16]IntheASKmodulationthewaveformsforthesymbolsarechosenas:sit=r 2Eit T:cos[!0t+].2WhereEiisthesymbolenergy,Tisthesymbolduration,!0isthecenterfrequencyandisaninitialphaseshiftconstant.IntheFSKmodulationthewaveformsforthesymbolsarechosenas:sit=r 2E T:cos[!it:t+].3WhereEiisthesymbolenergy,Tisthesymbolduration,!itisoneofndifferentfrequencies.InthePSKmodulationthewaveformsforthesymbolsarechosenas:sit=r 2E T:cos[!0t+it].4WhereEisthesymbolenergy,Tisthesymbolduration,!0isthecenterfrequencyanditisoneofdifferentmvaluesdescribingphaseshifts.2.2.2RadioCommunicationThebroadcastedwaveformfromatransmittertoareceivercanbesubjectedtoseveraldistortionfactors[16]suchasreection,diffraction,scatteringanddopplerfadingeffects.Reectionhappenswhenawavetravelingthroughamediumcollidestheedgeofanothermediumandresultsinthereectionofapartofthewavebackintothetherstmedium.Thediffractionoccurswhenthewaveencountersanedge,slitoranyobstacleasdescribedbyHuygen'sprinciple,allpointonawavefrontcanbeconsideredassourcesofanewwavefront[16].Thescatteringeffecthappenswhenawavehitsanunsmoothsurfaceandthenreectsmanytimesandtravelsintomanydirections.TheDopplerfadingoccurswhenthetransmitterandreceivermoverelativetoeachother,creatingashiftinfrequency.Iftheshiftisveryhighthereceivermaysamplethesignalsatwrongfrequencies[16].14

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Thechannelisthecommunicationlinkbetweenthesourceandthesink.Manymodelswerebuilttorepresenttheattenuationandpathlossesofthewirelesschannels.2.2.2.1ChannelModelsIntheFree-Spacemodel,thepowersentisattenuatedbythesquareofthedistancebetweenthesenderandthereceiver.Thisattenuationiscalledpathloss[25]asshownintheFriizfreespaceequation2.5wherePtxisthetransmissionpower,GtandGrarethegainsofthetransmittingandreceivingantennas,d0isthereferencedistance,disthedistancebetweenthesenderandthereceiver,isthewavelengthandL1isthesumoflossesinthetransmit/receivecircuitry[16].Prcvdd=Ptx:Gt:Gr:2 2:d2:L=Ptx:Gt:Gr:2 2:d20:Ld0 d2=Prcvdd0:d0 d2.5Forenvironmentsthatcannotbeconsideredasfreespace,themodelischangedtoincludea,asshowninequation2.6,whichisthepathlossexponent.Thevaluesvaryfrom2forfreespaceto6forobstructedareas[16],anexampleofthesevaluesisshownintable2.2.Prcvdd=Prcvdd0:d0 d.6Thelog-distancepathlossmodelshowninequation2.8comesfromequation2.6.ThepathlossPL[16]isdenedastheratioofthetransmittedpowertothereceivedpowerasshowninequation2.7PLd=Ptx Prcvdd.7PLd[dB]=PLd0[dB]+10log10d d0.815

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Amodicationofthelog-distancepathmodelisthelognormalfadingmodel,showninequation2.9,whichtakesthepresenceofobstaclesintoconsideration.Theseobstaclesaremodeledasamultiplicativelognormalrandomvariable[16].PLd[dB]=PLd0[dB]+10log10d d0+X[dB].9Table2.2AveragePath-LossExponentsandShadowingVarianceatReferenceDistancesNear-GroundMeasurementsin800-1000MHz,[15] Location Averageof Averageof 2[dB] Engineeringbuilding 1.9 5.7 Apartmenthallway 2.0 8.0 Parkingstructure 3.0 7.9 One-sidedcorridor 1.9 8.0 One-sidedPatio 3.2 3.7 Concretecanyon 2.7 10.2 Plantfence 4.9 9.4 Smallboulders 3.5 12.8 Sandyatbeach 4.2 4.0 Densebamboo 5.0 11.6 Drytallunderbrush 3.6 8.4 2.2.3RadioTransceiversSensornodestransceiversaretransmittersandreceivershousedinthesamechip.Theyachievethephysicallayertaskofmodulatinganddemodulatingdigitaldatacomingfromthesensornodes'microcontroller[16].Theyareresponsibleforthewholeprocessoftransmittingandreceivingdatabetweensensornodes.Transceiversarehalf-duplex;theycanonlysendorreceiveonceatatime.Transceiversmayvarydependingontheircharacteristics,asdescribedin[16],suchas:Servicetoupperlayer.Powerconsumptionandefciency.Carrierfrequency.Modulations,CodingandDatarates.16

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Transmissionpowercontrol.Receiversensitivity.Range.Blockingperformance.Carriersense.Thetransceivershouldprovideservicestoupperlayers,mostlikelytheMediumAccessControlMAClayer.Whentransmitting,thetransceivershouldofferaninterfacefortheMAClayertobeginframetransmissionandtodelivertheframetothetransceiver.Whenreceiving,thetransceiverbuffersshouldbeaccessedbytheMAClayerprotocol[16].Thepowerconsumptioninatransceivercomesfromthetransmittingandreceivingcircuitries.Itismeasuredbytheamountofpowerneededtotransmitorreceive1bit.TransceiverscanhavemanypowerstatessuchasActive,SleeporIdle[16].Differentcarrierfrequenciesmaybeofferedbytransceivers.Thefactorsdecidingwhichfre-quencytousearetheapplicationneedsandtheregulations[16].TransceiverscanofferoneorseveralmodulationschemeslikeOOK,ASKorFSKasdescribedinsubsection2.2.1.ItcanalsoofferdifferentcodingschemeslikeNRZ12orManchester.Thedatarateisafunctionofmodulationandcoding;itisexpressedinbitspersecond[16].Transmissionpowercontrolisafeatureprovidedbysometransceiverstocontrolthetransmis-sionpowerlevel.Thispowersettingischosenfromanumberofdiscretepowerlevels,whichcorrespondtodifferentpowerconsumptiongures[16]asshownintable2.3.Thereceiver'ssensitivityistheminimumsignalpowermeasuredatthereceivertoachieveacertainpacketorBiterrorrateBER.Thehigherthesensitivitylevelsofthereceiver,thebroadertherangeofthesystem[16].Therangeofcommunicationbetweenapairoftransceiversdependsonthetransmissionpowerlevelofthetransmitterandthereceiver'ssensitivityofthereceiver,inabsenceofinterference[16]. 12NonReturntoZero17

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TheBlockingperformanceofatransceiverisitsabilitytostillachieveacertainBERwiththepresenceofaninterferer.Thisperformancecanbeincreasedifalterisplacedbetweentheantennaandthetransceiver[16].Inordertoperformitsoperationcorrectly,theMAClayerprotocolneedssomesortofcarriersensinginformationtoknowifthechannelisbusyorfree.ThisinformationisprovidedbythetransceivertotheMAClayerthroughaReceivedSignalStrengthIndicatorRSSI[16].TransceiversusedinwirelesssensornetworksaresuppliedfrommanymanufacturesandindifferentmodelssuchastheRFMTR1000,ChipconCC1000andtheChipconCC2420theIEEE802.15.4compliant.AprimarydifferencebetweenthesetransceiversandtheconventionalonesisthelackofauniqueidentiersimilartotheMACaddressincomputernetworks[16].Thesetransceiversarediscussedindetailsattheendofthissection,especiallytheChipconCC1000usedintheMICA2motes.2.2.3.1RFMTR1000RadioChipThistransceiverisusedintheMICAmotes.Twocarrierfrequenciesareavailableforthe916MHzand868MHzfrequencyrange.IthasOOKandASKmodulationtypes.TheOOKdatarateis30KbpsandtheASKdatarateis115.2Kbps.Themaximumradiatedpoweris1.5dBm.Itoffersreceivedsignalstrengthinformation.Thereceiversensitivityis-106dBmusingtheAMtestmethodand-100dBmusingthePulsetestmethodat2.4KbpsandforatargetBER=10)]TJ/F21 7.97 Tf 6.587 0 Td[(3,[17].2.2.3.2ChipconCC1000RadioChipThistransceiverisusedintheMICA2motes.Itoperatesinawidefrequencyrangefrom300to1000MHz.Inthisresearch,thetransceiverusedoperatesat433MHz.Ithasabuilt-inManchesterencoding.TheRFpowercanbemodiedbychangingthePA POWregisterusingdiscretestepsfrom-20to10dBmasshownintable2.3.Thereceiver'ssensitivityis-101dBmat2.4kBaudandforatargetBER=10)]TJ/F21 7.97 Tf 6.586 0 Td[(3andtheoutdoorrangeisabout1000ft.Itoffersreceivedsignalstrengthinformation.TheChipconCC1000chipisconnectedtotheATMELmicrocontrollerin3ways.First,forRadioControl,theChipcon'sPALE,PCLKandPDATApinsasshowningure2.8areconnected18

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totheATMEL'sPD4,PD6andPD7respectively.These3wireserialdigitalcongurationinterface isresponsibleforthechipconguration.Thereare28congurationregisters8-biteach.The PA POWregister(0Bh)isoneofthemandcanbeconguredtocontroltheoutputpowerfrom-20 to10dBmasmentionedearlier.Second,theChipconRSSIoutputisconnectedtotheATMEL's Analogtodigitalconverter,channel0(ADC0).Asitcanbeseeningure2.9fromtheReceived SignalStrengthIndicator(RSSI),thereceivedpowerindBmcanbecalculatedusingtheADC0 value(ADC COUNTS),equation2.10and2.11from[7].Thethird,connectionismadetosend andreceivedataovertheradio.TheChipcon'sDIOandDCLKareconnectedtotheATMEL's SPI SCK,SPI MISOrespectively.DCLKprovidesasynchronousclockfordatatransmissionand reception.TheDIOisabi-directionaldataline. V RSSI =3:3 ADC COUNTS=1024 (2.10) P dbm = )Tj/T1_3 10.909 Tf(51:3V RSSI )Tj/T1_3 10.909 Tf10.909 0 Td(49:2 (2.11) Figure2.8CC1000BlockDiagram,[14] TheCC1000hasfourdifferentpowerstates[16];Transmit,Receive,IdleandSleep.TheTransmitstateactivatesthetransceiver'stransmittercircuitry.IncertainplatformssuchasCrossbow,the transmittercircuitryisthemainsourceofpowerdissipation.IntheReceivestate,onlythereceiver 19

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Table2.3CC1000RFPowerSettings,[14] Outputpower PAPOW Currentconsumption [dBm] [Hex] [mA] -20 01 6.9 -19 01 6.9 -18 02 7.1 -17 02 7.1 -16 02 7.1 -15 03 7.4 -14 03 7.4 -13 03 7.4 -12 04 7.6 -11 04 7.6 -10 05 7.9 -9 05 7.9 -8 06 8.2 -7 07 8.4 -6 08 8.7 -5 09 8.9 -4 0A 9.6 -3 0B 9.4 -2 0C 9.7 -1 0E 10.2 0 0F 10.4 1 40 11.8 2 50 12.8 3 50 12.8 4 60 13.8 5 70 14.8 6 80 15.8 7 90 16.8 8 C0 20.0 9 E0 22.1 10 FF 26.7 circuitryisactive.IntheIdlestate,severalpartsofthetransceiverareoff.Inpractice,thisstateisnotusedduetothenegligibleamountofpowersaving.Thepowerdissipatedisalmostlikethereceivingstate.Finally,theSleepisthemostenergyfriendly.Mostofthetransceivercircuitryisoff,which20

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reducesthepowerconsumption.Therearesometimes,severallevelsofsleepmodes,whichaffects extentofpowersaving.Theonlyproblemwiththesedifferentlevelsisthattheamountofdissipated energyrequiredbythetransceivertorecovertoanyotherstateincreasesaccordinglytothelevelof sleep.Thedeeperthesleepthemorepowerandtimeitrequirestorestoreitsfunctionality. Figure2.9RSSIVoltagevs.InputPower,[14] 2.2.3.3ChipconCC2420RadioChip ThistransceiverisusedintheMICAZmotes.Itoperatesinthe2.4GHzfrequencyrange.It isanIEEE802.15.4compliantRFtransceiver.ThemodulationformatisOffsetQuadraturePhase ShiftKeying(O-QPSK)withhalf-sinechipshapingwith250Kbps.Theradiatedpowercanbe selectedfromdiscretelevelswithinarangebetween-25to0dBm.Thereceiversensitivityis-95 dBmforaPacketErrorRate,(PER),of1%,[18]. 2.3WirelessSensorsMACLayer TheprimarytaskoftheMAClayerprotocolsistoorganizetheaccessofthesensornodesto thecommonsharedmedium[16].Incomputernetworks,theperformanceoftheMACprotocols ismeasuredbyinspectingthethroughput,stability,fairness,lowaccessdelayandlowtransmission delayasdescribedin[16].Inwirelesssensornetworks,energyhasahigherpriorityforperformance measurements. 21

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2.3.1EnergyProblemsintheMACLayerMostoftheenergyconsumptioninasensornodeiswastedinthetransceiverasdescribedlaterinsection2.4.ThefourmainstatesofatransceiverareTransmitting,Receiving,IdleandSleep.TheEnergyconsumptionoftheRetransmittingstateisusuallyhigherorequaltotheReceivingstate.TheIdlestateconsumesasmuchenergyasthereceiving,whichrendersitunusedmostofthetime.TheSleepstateisthelowestenergyconsumingstate,butitrequiresacertainamountofenergytowakeupandtotransittoanotherstate;anodecannotreceiveorlistentothechannelwhilebeingintheSleepstate.ThemainenergyproblemsintheMAClayerarecollisions,overhearing,protocoloverheadandidlelistening,[16].2.3.1.1CollisionsCollisionsresultwhentheMAClayerprotocolallowsmorethanonetransmitterinthesameneighborhoodtoaccessthechannelinthesametime.Thiscausesthereceivertobeunabletodecodethepacketsandaretransmissionwouldbenecessary.Inwirednetworks,collisionscanbedetectedatthetransmitteraswellasatthereceiverduetothesimilarityoftheSignaltoNoiseRatioSNRatbothends.InwirelesstransmissionthefactthattheSNRatthereceiverisdifferentthanatthesenderandthetransceiverisworkinginahalf-duplexmode,asmentionedinsubsection2.2.3,makesitimpossibleforthesendertodetectanycollisionsatthereceiver.Collisionsareresponsibleforsignicantamountsofunnecessarycostsonboththereceivingandtransmittingends.Thetransmittingendwillretransmitmultipletimesandthereceiverwillreceiveauselesssetofdata.[16]Toavoidcollisions,eachnodesensesthechannelbeforesending.2.3.1.2OverhearingThewirelessmediumisabroadcastone.Ifamessageisdestinedfromasourcetoaparticulardestination,closeneighborswilllistentothismessage,decodeitandthendiscoverthatthemessagewasnotdirectedtothem,anditwillbedropped.Overhearinginthisscenariocoststhelistenerssomeamountofenergytoreceivethemessage,whichiswastedbecausethemessageisuseless,[16].22

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2.3.1.3ProtocolOverheadTheprotocoloverheadistheMACassociatedcontrolframesliketheRequestToSendRTSandClearToSendCTS,orperframeoverheadintheformofheaderandtrailer[16].2.3.1.4IdleListeningAnIdlestateiswhenanodeiscapableofreceivingdata,butnodataissenttoit;thusitiswastingenergylisteningtothechannel.iftheSleepingenergysavedishigherthantheenergywastedinwakingupthensleepingorturningoffthetransceiveristhesolutiontothisproblem,[16].2.3.2ProblemScenariosintheMACAsexplainedinsubsection2.2.2.1thesignal,attenuatesfromthesendertothereceiver,butduetothereceiver'ssensitivitydiscussedinsubsection2.2.3,thereisamaximumrangethatasignalcanreachfromthesendertothereceiveratagiventransmissionpower.Iftwonodescannotheareachother,wellknowproblemscanarisesuchas:hiddenandexposedterminalproblems.2.3.2.1HiddenTerminalProblemAsmentionedinsubsection2.3.1.1everynodesensesthechannelbeforesending.Ingure2.10nodeAistryingtosendamessagetonodeB,soitsensesthechannelandndsitclearandbeginstotransmit.Atthesametime,nodeChasamessagetosendtoB,itsensesthechannelndsitclearandbegintosendaswell.WhennodeBtriestodecodethemessage,itbecomesunreadablebecauseofthecollisionthatoccurredatBcausedbythehiddenterminalproblem.2.3.2.2ExposedTerminalProblemInFigure2.11,nodeBistryingtosendamessagetonodeA,whilenodeCiswaitingtotransmittonodeD.IfnodeBtransmitstoAwhileCtransmitstoD,nodeAandDwillreceivethemessagewithoutproblems,butduetothecarriersenseatC;nodeCwaitsuntilnodeBstopsendingtonodeA,whichwastesthebandwidthwithunnecessarywaitingtime.23

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Figure2.10HiddenTerminalProblem Figure2.11ExposedTerminalProblem2.3.3CommonWSNandMACProtocolsTheMACprotocolsareclassiedintocontention-basedorschedule-basedprotocols,accordingtotheclassicationpresentedin[16].Incontention-basedprotocols,thesendingnodesendsthemessageaftercheckingthatthechannelisclear.Ifanothernodeissendingattheexactsametimeorbecauseofahiddenterminalproblem,itwillalsodetectaclearchannelandacollisionwilloccur.Ontheotherhand,theschedule-basedprotocolsavoidthecollisionsbygivingthechance24

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toonlyonenodetosendandthengobacktosleep,whichavoidstheidlelistening[16]mentionedinsubsection2.3.1.4.TheS-MACandB-MACarepresentedasexamplesofthewirelesssensornetworkscontentionbasedprotocols.2.3.3.1S-MACProtocolTheS-MACSensor-MACprotocolisacontentionbasedprotocolthatcombinesschedulingandcontention-basedtechniques[26].Someofthefeaturesofthisprotocolare:ProvidesMechanismstoovercomeidlelistening,overhearingandcollisions.Adoptsaperiodicwakeupscheme.[Eachnodealternatesbetweenaxedlengthlistenperiodandaxedlengthsleepperiodaccordingtoitsschedule.]Nodescantransmitandreceiveduringtheiractiveperiods.Exchangewakeupschedulebetweenneighbors.Thelistenperiodisdividedinto[SYNCH,RTS,CTS]asshowningure2.12.Includesafragmentationscheme.Thisprotocolhassomedrawbacks:ThenonparticipatingnodescannotlearnabouttheextensionofthetransactionbecauseithasonlyheardtheinitialRTSorCTSpacket,[16].Thelengthofthewakeupperiodcannotbechangedadaptivelyaccordingtotheloadsituation[16].2.3.3.2B-MACProtocolTheB-MACBerkeley-MACprotocolisacontentionbasedprotocol[27].ItiscurrentlythedefaultMACprotocolusedintheMICA2motes.TheB-MACdividestheMAClayerintoabasicMAClayer,andasetofinterfacestolinktotheupperlayers.Someofthefeaturesofthisprotocolare:Clearchannelassessmentshowningure2.13.25

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Figure2.12S-MACPrinciple,[16]Adaptstonoiseoorbysamplingchannelwhenfree.SamplesareexponentiallyaveragedusinganExponentialWeightMovingAverageEWMAlter.Thechannelisfreeifoneofthesamplesissignicantlybelownoise.Providesoptionalbackoffifthechannelisbusy.ProvidesoptionalLinklayeracknowledgmentsforreceivedpackets.LowPowerListeningUsestheclearchannelassessmenttechniquestodecidewhetherapacketisarrivingwhennodeisawake.Timeoutputsnodesbacktosleepifnopackethasarrived.AccordingtotheB-MACspecicationsdescribedin,[27],thelostframes'retransmissionsandtheRTS-CTScontrolframesshouldnotbeimplementedintheB-MACitself,butshouldbeimplementedashigherlayersservicesthroughaB-MACinterface.Theseinterfaces,aswellastheB-MAC,areimplementedintheMICA2motesusingtheNesClanguage.2.4EnergyConsumptionandSolutionsThewirelesssensornetworksdesigners'primaryconcernistosaveenergyinthesensornodestohaveamaximumnetworklifetime.Thissectionpresentsthesourcesofenergyconsumption.26

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Figure2.13ClearChannelAssessmentonaReceivedSignalStrengthIndicator,RSSI,Trace,[27]Inasensornode,theenergyisconsumedinthetransceiver,sensors,processorandmemory.Thisresearchwasfocusedontheenergyconsumedbythetransceiver.2.4.1TransceiverThetransceivers,previouslypresentedinsubsection2.2.3,aretheprimaryenergyconsumersinsensornodes.Thisenergyconsumedisdueto2sources[16].TherstsourceistheRFsignalgenerationwhichdepends,asdescribedinsubsection2.2.3,onthemodulationcoding,andtrans-missionpower.Thesecondsourceistheelectroniccomponentsusedinthetransceiverssuchasampliersandlters.TherstorderradiomodelpresentedbyHeinzelmanandChandrakasanin[28]isshowningure2.14.ItisassumedthattheradiodissipationETx)]TJ/F24 7.97 Tf 6.586 0 Td[(elec=ERx)]TJ/F24 7.97 Tf 6.587 0 Td[(elec=Eelec50nJ=bittorunthetransmitterorreceivercircuitryandthe"amp=100pJ=bit=m2toachieveanacceptableSNR.ETxk;d=ETx)]TJ/F24 7.97 Tf 6.587 0 Td[(eleck+ETx)]TJ/F24 7.97 Tf 6.586 0 Td[(ampk;dETxk;d=Eeleck+"ampkd2.1227

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Figure2.14FirstOrderRadioModel,[28]ERxk=ERx)]TJ/F24 7.97 Tf 6.586 0 Td[(eleckERxk=Eeleck.13Manyresearchesweremadetoreducethepowerconsumedbythetransceivers.Thisproblemcanhavemanysolutions.Apossiblesolutionistobuildtransceiverswithhigherpowerefciency.Anotheralternativeistocontrolthetransmissionpower.Thisisachievedbyusingatransmissionpowercontrolschemewithnointentiontocontrolthetopologyorbyusingthatschemetochangethetopology.Thisdifferentiationissometimesblurredintheliterature.2.4.1.1TransmissionPowerControlwithoutTopologyControlThissolutiontoreducetheenergyconsumedintransmissionismotivatedbythefactthattherearemanytransmissionpowerlevelswithdifferentenergyconsumptiongures,asshownintable2.3,fortheMICA2motes.Thiscontrolschemeshouldnotalterthetopology,butinsteadwaitforittobeformedandthenbegintowork.Herearesomeofthepublishedworksrelatedtothismatter.TheIdeapresentedinthispaper[29]byH.A.C.LuizandF.M.Daniel,istomodifythedefaultwirelesssensornetworkMACprotocolB-MAC[27]toanotherenergysavingone.TwoversionsofthisnewMACweresuggested;theIterativeMACB-MAC-PCIandtheAttenuationMACB-MAC-PCA.Therstisbasedonexchangedpacketswithinnodes,tosetdynamicallythetransmissionpower.ThenodesusetheACKmessagestomeasureifthetransmissionpowershouldbeincreasedordecreased.TheSecondcalculatestheideal28

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transmissionpowerinthereceiver,andthenthereceiverinformsthesenderwiththeidealtransmissionpowerpiggy-backedintheACKmessage.TherearesomecommentsonthispaperregardingtheB-MAC-PCI:Therstproblem,statedbytheauthor,isthatthenodes'failuresaretreatedinthesamemannerasthetransmissionfailures,sinceACKsareusedtoestimatethelinkquality.BywaitingforACKtomeasurelinkquality,thismayaffectthenetworklayerlinkqualityestimationanditmayenforceacertaintypeoftopologycontrolwhichisnotshownbecausetheexperimentsareusingonly2nodesandthereisnodetectionforchangingparents.ThesecondschemeusestheRSSIwhichwasemphasizedbytheauthorthatitsreadingswerefoundextremelydependentonenvironmentalconditionsbutitisnotreallyclearhowhemanagedtouseitinthecalculationstoestablishthedesiredbehavior.Theseexperimentsweredoneusingonlytwomotes,outdoorwithnoobstacleswhichmakestheresultsveryparticularandcannotbegeneralizedunlessfurtherexperimentsareachieved.Sinceitwasdonewithafewnumberofnodes,theexperimentsdidnotshowhowthenetworkwouldreactwhenmorenodesweretobeaddedorremovedorwhenmultihop-ingoccurs.ItisnotclearhowtheB-MACACKwasimplementedinNesCsincetheACKinB-MACisasimplecodefornow,anditneedstohaveanACKstructuretobeuseful.D.Son,B.Krishnamachari,andJ.Heidemannpresentedinthispaper[30],astudyofthebehavioroflowpowercommunicationswithrespecttovariabletransmissionpower.ApowercontrolwithBlacklistingPCBLprotocolwasproposed,itisimplementedontopofS-Mac[26]anddirecteddiffusion[31].Thealgorithmwasintroducedwithtwodifferentapproaches.Therst,optimizesthenetworkpriortorouting[30]andthesecondisanon-demandoptimizationforlonglivedrouting,[30].Someofthecommentsonthispaper:29

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TheAuthordidnottakethenodeornetworklifetimeintoconsiderationwhendesigningtheseschemes.ThestatisticalapproachofthePacketReceptionRatePRRcontributessignicantlyintheenergyconsumptionoverheadofthenetwork.Thewholeinterestistoreducetheweaklinksandtransformthemtogoodlinksorblacklistthem.Theseexperimentalresultsweretakenintoconsiderationwhendesigningtheproposedprotocolinthisresearch.ItisnotveryclearwhichapproachisusedwhenthePCBLwasexperimented.ThisAlgorithmisactuallyatypeoftopologycontrolandisdoneintherouting,net-work,level.E.JungandN.Vaidyaproposedinthispaper[32]anewpowercontrolMACPCMprotocolasavariationofthe802.11forthead-Hocnetworks.ThePCMprotocolisbasedonRTC-CTSscheme.ItallowstheRTS/CTStobesentusingthemaximumtransmissionpower,whilesendingDATAandACKusingtheoptimaltransmissionpower.WhilesendingDATAwiththedesiredtransmissionpower,thePCMincreasestheTransmissionpowertothemaximumevery190sforaperiodof15sinordertoensureacollisionfreeoperation.Thisschememaybeinefcientinwirelesssensorsnetworkswithpacketsizesof36KBincontrastwiththe512KBproposedbythepaper.Thecontinuousswitchingtothemaximumpowerwhiletransmittingthedatapacketscanmakethepacketsizeanimportantfactorforefciency.Monks,J.P.andBharghavan,V.presentedin[33]and[34]atransmissionpowercontrolscheme.ThePCMAprotocol,aPowerControlledMultipleAccesswirelessMACprotocol,wasdesignedforAd-Hocnetworks.ItimprovedthethroughputofthestandardIEEE802.11byafactorof2.Itwasdesignedforchannelefciencyandnotbatterylife.Monks,J.P.andEbertA.Woliszshowedin[35]thebenetsofusingatransmissionpowercontrolwithdifferentnumberofhops.ThispapercomparedtheIEEE802.11withaGenericPowerControlGPCMACprotocol.TheGPCprovidesperfectglobalknowledgeofthelinkgainbetweenanytwonodes.Wu,S.andTseng,Y.presentedin[36]anewMACprotocolwithtransmissionpowercontrolforMANETbycombiningRTS/CTS,busytoneandpowercontrol.Itisnotclearhowthe30

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simulationwasdonetocomparebetweenthenewprotocolandtheDualBusyToneMultipleAccesDBTMAprotocol.Muqattash,AlaaandKrunz,Marwanintroducedin[37]thePOWMACprotocolforMANETs,whichimprovesthethroughputoftheIEEE802.11protocolandreducestheenergyconsump-tion.Thepaperdebatedthattherstassumption,in[36]and[34],whichstatedthatthecontrolchannelmustbewithinthecoherencebandwidthofthedatachannel,isinvalid.Thereisacleardiscrepancyintheirrstassumptionduetothesecondassumptionofspacingthedatachannelandthecontrolchannelbyaguard-bandof5%ofthenominalRFfrequency.2.4.1.2TransmissionPowerControlwithTopologyControlTransmissionpowercontrolcanbeatypeoftopologycontrolwhenitisusedtorestrictthenumberofneighbornodestoacertainnode.Thetopologycontrolisusefulwhenthenetworkisverydenseandeachnodehasalargenumberofneighbors.VikasKawadiaandP.R.Kumarpresentedin[38]someprinciplesoftransmissionpowercontrol.Thispaperdescribestransmissionpowerasatopologycontrolscheme.Itclaimsthatitisnotaneasytaskbecauseitaffectsmanylayersandshouldbelookedatasacrosslayerdesign.Theytrytoprovethatreducingtransmissionpowerwillhavemanybenetssuchas:IncreasingnetworkcapacityReducingaveragecontentioninMACReducingtheendtoendlatencywhentheloadishigh.Theystatethatthetransmissionpowercontrolisanetworklayerproblem.Inthispaper,somegeneralizationsmaynotbeveryaccurate:Transmissionpowercontrolisnotalwaysatopologycontrolscheme.ThetransmissionpowercontrolcanbeaMACproblemaswell,ifnotopologycontrolisinvolved.Gomez,J.andCampbell,A.T.presentedin[39]theimpactofvariablerangetransmissionpoweronvariouslayersandonthenetworkcapacity.Theydemonstratedthattheaverage31

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capacityofnodeswillremainconstantinamultihopnetworkwhenusingavariabletrans-missionrange,evenwhenmorenodesareadded.Theystatethatthehigherthetransmissionpower,thehighertheinterferences.Theyshowhowtousevariabletransmissionpowertobuildaminimumspanningtree.Inthispaper,theauthorsshowedthebenetsoftransmissionpowercontrolbycontrollingtopologyandbymanipulatingnetworklayerprotocols.Narayanaswamy,S.andKawadia,Vpresentedin[40]theCOMPOWprotocolwhichmaxi-mizesthetrafccarryingcapacityandbatterylifetimeandreducesthecontentionintheMAClayer.Thisprotocoldealswiththeproblemfromthenetworklayerpointofview,andachievesatopologycontrolscheme.Krunz,M.andMuqattash,A.presentedin[41]asurveyonthetransmissionpowercontrolinMANETs,anddiscussedthefactorsthatinuencetheselectionoftransmissionpower.Thispaperassumesatopologyorientedtransmissionpower.Park,Seung-JongandSivakumar,R.presentedin[42]atopologycontrolviatransmissioncontrolinAd-hocnetworks.Thetransmissioncontrolenforcesshortrangesandmorehops.Theystatethattheoptimalpowerisfunctionofthenumberofnodesandnetworkload.Foraspecicloadconditionthethroughputisproportionaltothetransmissionpower.2.4.2SensorsDifferentkindsofsensorsmaybeusedinasensornetwork,theymaybepassiveoractiveasdescribedinsubsection2.1.1.2.Anideaaboutthepowerconsumptioninsensorsisshownintable2.4asdescribedin[16].Researcheswereconductedtoreducethepowerconsumedbythesensorsandbytheanalogtodigitalconverters.2.4.3ProcessorGenerally,processorsandmicrocontrollersreducetheirpowerconsumptionbymeansofdy-namicpowermanagement,dynamicvoltagescalinganddynamicfrequencyscaling.32

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Table2.4SomeSensorsCharacteristics,[16] Sensor SampleRate Startup Current [Hz] [ms] [mA] Photoresistor 2000 10 1.235 I2CTemperature 2 500 0.15 Barometricpres. 10 500 0.01 Bar.press.temp. 10 500 0.01 Humidity 500 500-3000 0.775 Thermopile 2000 200 0.17 Thermistor 2000 10 0.126 2.4.3.1DynamicPowerManagementThedynamicpowermanagementDPMsavesenergybyputtingtheprocessorindifferentpowerstates.Anexampleofthesestatescanbeactive,sleep,idleandshutdown.TheDPMfunctionisnottrivialbecausethetransitionfromastatetoanotherconsumestimeandenergy.Insomecases,manysleepstatescanbepresent,butthedeeperthesleepthemoretimeandenergyisneededtoberestoredintoanactivestate[16].2.4.3.2DynamicVoltageandFrequencyScalingThistechniqueisusedtosaveenergyintheactivestatesandisbasedonthefactthatwhentheprocessorisrunningatlowclockspeeds,itconsumeslesspower.Thisisduetothefactthatthesupplyvoltagecanbereducedatlowerclockspeedswhileensuringacorrectoperation;thisapproachisusedinCMOS13chips.Thepowerconsumptionasshowninequation2.14isdependentonthefrequencyfandthesquareofthesupplyvoltageVDD[16].Pf:V2DD.142.4.4MemoryFlashmemoryisthetypeusedinmicrocontrollersfromanenergyandperformanceperspective.Thepowerneededtodrivethememoryiscombinedinthemicrocontrollers'powerconsumptionguresinthedatasheet.Thenodelifetimeissignicantlyinuencedbythememory'sstructureand 13ComplementaryMetalOxideSemiconductor33

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use.Asdescribedin[16],thereisadifferenceinenergyconsumptionbetweenreadingandwritingtotheashmemory;typically,readingfromtheashofaMICAnodeconsumes1.11nAh,whereaswritingtoitconsumesabout83.33nAh.Toovercomethisenergyconsumptionproblem,alotofresearchisconductedinthemicroelectronicsareatondbetterenergyfriendlymemories.2.5SimulatorsManytypesofsimulatorsaredevelopedforcomputernetworksandwirelesssensors.Thefol-lowingisabrieflistofthemostpopularsimulatorsusedforwirelesssensornetworks.TOSSIM[43]isaWirelesssensornetworksimulatorbasedonTinyOS[13].Itrunsthesamerealcodethatrunsintherealsensornodes.Somelimitationsexistsuchasrunningonlyoneimageofthecodeonallsensornodes.Thislimitationisreectedinitsinabilitytosimulateheterogeneousnetworksandnetworkswithdifferentnodecapabilities.Anotherlimitationisnotbeingabletoassessthepowerconsumptioninthenodes.ThislimitationwassolvedbyanotherTOSSIMversioncalledPowerTOSSIM[44];TOSSIMalsoassumesstaticnodeconnectivity.Thelastlimitationisnothavingtheexibilitytoeasilychangethesimulatorcore,enablingnewsimulationfeatures.Thens-2[45]simulatorwasnotintendedtosimulatewirelesssensornetworks,butwasdesignedforwirednetworks.However,anewmodicationwasaddedtoenableittosimulatewirelesssensornetworks.Oneofthelimitationsofns-2isinabilitytomodeltheapplicationbehavior.Anotherlimitationisitsincapabilitytoprovideahighlevelofnegrainedsimulationdetails.Thelimitationisnothavingapowerconsumptionevaluationandtherigiditytocustomthesimulatortoenablenewsimulationfeatures.ATEMU[46]isaTinyOSbasedwirelesssensornetworksimulatorlikeTOSSIM.ThenewfeaturethatATEMUpresentsisthesimulationofheterogeneousnetworks.Therestrictionofthissimulatoristhatitcannotpresentapowerconsumptionevaluationanditisnotexibleenoughforcustomizationwithnewfeatures.PROWLER[47]isaprobabilisticMatlab[48]basedsimulatorforwirelesssensornetworks.Thissimulatorislimitedbybeingapureprobabilisticsimulatorwiththeinabilitytosimulatehet-erogeneousnetworksanditslackofpowerconsumptionestimation.34

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CHAPTER3RESEARCHPLATFORMDEVELOPMENTThischapterisdividedintothreeparts:amodiedversionoftheB-MACprotocol,presentedinsubsection2.3.3.2andknownasK USF-B-MAC,adescriptionofthedevelopedsimulationtoolandthesynthesisprocessfollowedtoimplementtheK USF-B-MACprotocolinthetheactualwirelesssensors.3.1TheK USF-B-MACProtocolThisprotocolisanalterationoftheB-MACdiscussedinsubsection2.3.3.2toincludeanadap-tivetransmissionpowercontrolscheme.ThemainideaaboutthisMACprotocol,asshowningure3.1,istoprovideasortoffeedbacktothechildnodethroughanacknowledgment.Inordertoavoidthetopologycontrolpresentedinsection2.4.1.2thetransmissionpowercontrolalgorithmworksonalinkbylinkbasis.Inotherwords,thetransmissionpowersettingisadaptedbasedoneachlinkandnotwithacommonsettingforasetofnodes. Figure3.1TransmissionPowerAlgorithm35

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3.1.1K USF-B-MACOverviewTheK USF-B-MACgeneraloverviewisshownbelow:PerformsallMACoperationslikeastandardB-MACprotocol.IncludesadditionalstatesinthestateB-MACmachine.Piggyback2bytesinthemessagefromthechildtotheparentnode.Piggyback1byteintheacknowledgmentACKfromtheparenttothechildnode.Sendsanybroadcastatfulltransmissionpower.Adjuststhesendertransmissionpowerdynamicallyaccordingtoadesiredreceivedsignalstrengththreshold.SendstheB-MACdefaultACKwhenanoptimaltransmissionpowerisreached.Thetreeformedbytheroutingprotocolclassiesparentnodesandchildrennodesinreferencetotheseparents,asshowningure3.2,nodes2and3arechildrenofnode1whiletheyactlikeparentstonodes4-5and6-7respectively.Functionalityofparentnodesdiffersfromchildrennodesasshowninthenextsubsections. Figure3.2TreeTopology36

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3.1.1.1ParentandChildrenNodesFunctionsTheparentsnodesfunctionistoreceivemessagesfromtheirchildren.Fortransmissionpowercontrol,theparentmeasuresthereceivedsignalstrengthRSSIwhilereceivingmessages,takesthedecisionofdemandingachildtoincreaseordecreaseitstransmissionpowerlevelbyinsertingaTx Byteintheacknowledgeasshowningures3.3and3.6. Figure3.3ChildNodesFunctionsEachmessage,receivedbytheparent,has2piggybackedbytesinitfortransmissionpowercontrolalgorithmasshowningures3.4and3.5.Therstbyte,isthechildtransmissionindexwhilethesecondoneistheparentacknowledgetransmissionindex.Thechild'stransmissionindexistheindexofthearraythatstoresthetransmissionpowervaluesintable2.3andrepresentsthechild'scurrenttransmissionpower.Ontheotherhand,theparentacknowledgetransmissionindexrepresentstheparenttransmissionpowerusedfortheacknowledge.Byhavingthese2bytes,theparentisnotresponsibleforanypowercontroldatabookkeepingrelatedtoitschildren,butitisthechildrenresponsibility.Sinceeachnodehasonlyoneparentandcanhavemanychildren,thisfeaturereducesthecomplexityofkeepinglongtablesforchildrentransmissionpowersandtryingtokeepthemuptodateandremovestaleinformation.TheparentsendsaTx Bytevariableembeddedintheacknowledgetorequestthechildnodetoincreaseordecreasethetransmissionpower.Thechildtransmissionindexbyteservestostoptheacknowledgments;ifthechildnodehasalreadyreachedthelimit.Inotherwords,itmakesnosensetokeepsendingacknowledgments37

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Figure3.4ParentNodesFunctionsaskingthechildnodetoraiseitstransmissionpowerwhileitismaximumortoloweritwhenitisminimum.Thisbytechangestheacknowledgmenttypebacktoanacknowledgmentcode,asB-MAC,withnopiggybackbytes.Theparent'sacknowledgetransmissionindexisusedbytheparenttotunethetransmissionpoweraccordinglywhensendingtheacknowledgetothechildnode.Childrennodesroleistosendmessagestoparentnodesinordertoreachthedestinationbasestation.Threefunctionsarerequiredfortransmissionpowercontrol,deciphertheTx Bytesentbytheparentandadjustthetransmissionpoweraccordingly,measurestheparentacknowledgesignalstrengthandthenpiggybackthe2bytesinthemessagesenttotheparent.3.2SimulationToolAsimulatortoolwasdevelopedinordertoovercomethesimulatorslimitationsshowninsec-tion2.5.Thisexiblesimulationtoolisnotboundedbyacertainhardwareoroperatingsystemtechnologyanditcanbeeasilyexpanded.Thefactthatitisbasedontheconceptofbuildingblocks,makesiteasytobechangedaccordingtooneneeds.Thistoolconsistsofalibraryofhierarchialcomponentsthatcanbeusedincustomsimulations.Thenewtoolwasdesignedwiththesegoals:38

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Figure3.5NodeFunctioningasaParentEasytolearnanduse.Hierarchialstructure.Adjustableabstractionlevelversusdetails.Flexibleandcanbeextendedandtailoredaccordingtothedesignerneeds.AbilitytomodelalllayersoftheOSImodel.Finegrainedandcapturesallevents.Simulatesheterogeneousnetworks.Evaluatesenergyconsumption.39

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Figure3.6NodeFunctioningasaChild3.2.1WSNBlocksetThissimulationtooliscalledWSNblocksetandwasdevelopedintheMatlab[48]environment.TheideaofchoosingMatlabasasimulatingenvironmentisthat,thereisnoneedtobuildanin-dependentsimulationenvironmentwhenonealreadyexists.Matlabcarriesaverybigamountof40

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builtinfunctions,calledToolboxes,inalmostalleldsofengineeringlikeControls,Digitalsignalprocessing,RFandcommunications.ThesefunctionsareusedtoaddtheMatlabcalculationpowertothenewsimulator.Withthesefeatures,Matlabcanofferanenvironmentwithaveryhighdegreeofexibilitywithouttradingoffthehighcalculationsandanalysispower.Simulink[49],whichisapartoftheMatlabpackage,isablockbasedgraphicalprogrammingtool.TheinternalfunctionsofSimulinkarecalledBlocksets.Thenewtool,showningure3.7,isanewblocksetthatisaddedtoSimulinktoenablethewirelesssensornetworkdesignertouseit.Stateow[50],asimulinkblockset,wasusedtoimplementthepreviouslymentionedstatemachinesasshowningure3.8.Themainunitsforthesesimulationsarethewirelesssensornodesandtheenvironmentunits.Thewirelesssensornodesaremadeoutofdifferentcomponentsthatrepresentlayers.Theenvi-ronmentcomponentlinksallthesenodestogetherandsimulatetherealmessageexchangeeffectthroughtheair.Thenodeismadeoutofthreemaincomponents:higherlayers,networklayerandlowerlayers.ThelowerlayersaredividedintoaMACLayerandaphysicallayer.TheMAClayerisanimplementationoftheK USF-B-MACprotocoldescribedin3.1.1.TheMAClayerallowsac-knowledgmentsandisusedtonotifyupperlayersaboutlostmessages.RetransmissionsarenottheresponsibilityoftheB-MACasdescribedin[27].Foreachstate,thereisanassociatedtimeduringwhichthestateisactiveandanassociatedenergyconsumptionthatsumsalltheenergyspentwithinthisstate.Thevaluesofthetimersandthecostofeachstatewascalculatedusingtable3.1.Table3.1TimeandCurrentConsumptionforPrimitiveOperationsBasedon[27]and[14] Operation Times CurrentmA InitializeRadio 350E-6 6 TurnonRadio 1.5E-3 1 SwitchtoRX/TX 250E-6 15 Receive1byte 416E-6 7.4 Transmit1byte 416E-6 6.9-26.7 Samplesensors 1.1 20 Thephysicallayerorhardwarepresentationlayerisimplementedintheformoftimers,analogtodigitalconverters,transceiversandsensors.TheNetworklayerwasnotimplementedbutinsteadabstractedwithconstantvaluesfortheparentanddestinationnodes.Thecurrenttopologyisastarwherethecenteristhebasestation.41

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Figure3.7WSNBlocksetTheHigherlayerswereabstractedintoanapplicationlayerstatemachinewithstatessuchas:controller,receivemessage,sendmessageandbuildmessage.3.2.2K USF-B-MACinTinyOSInordertoenablethetransmissionpowercontrolusingtheBerkeleymotespresentedinsubsec-tion2.1.1,extramodicationswereintroducedtotheTinyOS.42

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Figure3.8PartofStateowImplementationoftheK USF-B-MAC3.2.2.1MainFeaturesTheK USF-B-MACwasimplementedusingNesClanguageinTinyOStoreplacetheoriginalB-MACwithoutaffectingitsbasicoperationsandtobefullycompatiblewithanymoteprogrammedwiththestandardB-MAC.AresearchdoneintheTinyOSMessagestructureTOSMSG,revealedthat2emptybytesweresentwitheachmessagethereadingeld.These2byteswerethenusedtosendtheparent'stransmissionindexandthechild'stransmissionindextotheparent.TheK USF-B-MACisalsoresponsiblefortheconstructionoftheTx byteattheparentanditsreceptionatthechildnodes.Ifthechild'sparentchanges,alltransmissionpowersettingsaredroppedandallvariablesarere-initialized.TheK USF-B-MACmainfeaturesinTinyOSare:TransformingthedefaultAckcodetoastructuredAckpacketwhereaTxpowerbytecanbeembeddedThiswasachievedbyusingtheB-MACdefaultacknowledgecodeasapreambleforthetransmitteddata.IfthetransmissionpowerreachesalevelofstabilitytheACKreturnstothedefaultACKcode.43

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CorrectingtheawsintheB-MACprotocolimplementationregardingthethenumberofbytessentinacknowledgments.TheeffectiveACKcodewas3byteswhereastheactualsentacknowledgmentwas5bytes.AvoidinganyACKtobesentinresponsetoabroadcastmessage.BuildingtheMonitorinterface.Inordertomonitortheinternalbehaviorofthevariables,amonitorinterfacewasim-plementedtomonitoranyvariableandsendittothebasestationtobeanalyzedinsteadofsensorsdata.Sendinganybroadcastmessageatfulltransmissionpower.EnsuringCompatibilitywithanymoteprogrammedwiththestandardB-MACprotocol.44

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CHAPTER4EXPERIMENTSDESIGNS,RESULTSANDANALYSISInthischapter,thealgorithm'ssimulation,implementation,andresultsanddataanalysisarepresented.Experimentsweredesignedandclassiedinto3categories:protocoldesignrelatedexperiments,protocoltestingexperimentsandenergyassessmentexperiments.Theseexperimentswereperformedinasequentialmannertorstanswerquestionsabouttheprotocol'sdesign,thenabouttheprotocol'sperformanceandnallycomparetheenergyconsumptionoftheK USF-B-MACversusthestandardB-MACprotocols.AlltheimplementationswereperformedusingtheMICA2motesrunningtheSurgereliableapplicationfromCrossbowr.4.1ProtocolDesignRelatedExperimentsTheseexperimentsweredesignedtobetterunderstandthecriticalparametersrequiredbytheprotocol'stransmissionpoweralgorithminordertobedesignedproperly.Inthissectionthreemainparameterswerestudiedsuchas:receiver'ssensitivity,sender'stransmissionpowereffectonreceivedsignalstrengthandthereceivedsignalstrengtherror.4.1.1ReceiverSensitivityThisexperimentwasperformedusingonenodeandanotheroneconnectedtoanMIB510basestation.Node1wasputindifferentdistancesinordertogettheleastamountofsignalstrengthindBm,whilealwaysensuringaconnectivity.Themonitorinterface,explainedin3.2.2.1,wasusedtogettheReceivedsignalstrengthRSSIvaluesinsteadofthelightreadings.Asshowningures4.1and4.2,theRSSIreadingswereplottedversusthenumberofmessages.Theleastamountofsignalstrengthreceivedwhileensuringconnectivityis-90.2dbmoranRSSIregistervalueof248.Thisvalueistheleastsignalstrengththatcanbepermittedtothemotesinthe45

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transmissionpowercontrolalgorithmandwasusedtosetupthethresholdsdiscussedinsubsection3.1. Figure4.1BaseStationReceiver'sSensitivity,[15] Figure4.2Node1Receiver'sSensitivity,[15]46

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4.1.2TransmissionPowerLevelsInthisexperiment,theeffectoftransmissionpoweronthereceivedsignalstrengthwasstudied.Thisexperimentwasdoneusing2nodesconnectedtotwobasestationsMIB510andMIB600re-spectivelytoensurethatthebatteryvoltagedoesnotnotaffecttheexperiment.Thelevelspresentedintable2.3wereusedtoseetheeffectonthereceivedsignalstrengthandalsotheuctuationsoftheRSSIwithinthesametransmittedpower.ThemonitorinterfacewasusedtogettheRSSIvaluesinsteadofthelightreadings.TheseresultswereplottedinguresA.1toA.23.Fromthesegures,theeffectofthetransmissionpowerwasremarkablywitnessedandalsotheopportunitytocontrolthetransmissionpowerwithoutreachingthereceiver'ssensitivitylevel.Fromtheseresults,anewexperimenthadtobeperformedtoclarifytheuctuationsintheRSSIvaluesandtheRSSIhadtobestudied.4.1.3RSSIErrorInthisexperiment,snapshotsoftheRSSIweretakenfromtheRSSIpinthatgoestothemi-crocontroller,asdescribedinsubsection2.2.3.2.Twomoteswereusedinthisexperiment,onewasactingassenderandtheotherasareceiver.OnthereceiversidetheRSSIpinwasconnectedtoaTektronicsTDS3052oscilloscopeandwassettobetriggeredbytheRSSIsignal. Figure4.3RSSIVoltageUsingaTektronicsOscilloscope47

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Figure4.3,showsthenoisethataddstotheRSSIreadingwhichissampledbythemicrocon-troller.ThisclariestheuseoftheExponentialWeightMovingAveragewhilereadingreceivedsignalstrengthinthemotesandalsourgestheuseofasafetyregionbetweenthe2thresholdsinthealgorithm.4.2ProtocolTestingExperimentsThesetypesofexperimentswereperformedtoensuretheproperoperationoftheK USF-B-MACprotocolandthetransmissionpowercontrolalgorithm.4.2.1DynamicTransmissionPowerAdjustmentInthisexperiment,thedynamictransmissionpoweradjustmentwastested.ThegoalofthisexperimentwastocheckifthetransmissionpowerwouldadaptaccordingtothechangeofthedistancebetweentwonodesprogrammedwithK USF-B-MAC.Thisexperimentwasperformedbyxingonemotetothebasestationandmovingtheotherone.Byincreasingordecreasingthedistancebetweenthe2motesthechild'snodetransmissionpowerwasmonitored.ThemonitorinterfacewasusedtogetthetransmissionpowervaluesinsteadofthelightreadingsasshownintheexperimentresultsintableA.5andaresummarizedingures4.6and4.7,wheretheTxindexwasplottedversusthedistance.Thetransmissionindex,asmentionedinsubsection3.1.1,istheindexofthearraycontainingthetransmissionpowerlevels. Figure4.4DynamicTransmissionPowerAdjustmentforaBaseStation48

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Figure4.5DynamicTransmissionPowerAdjustmentMoteTrajectory Figure4.6IncreasingDistanceBetweenSenderandReceiverAsshowningures4.6and4.7,thetransmissionpowerwasadjusteddynamicallyaccordingtothereceivedsignalstrength.4.2.2MultihopTransmissionPowerControlThegoalofthisexperimentwastoshowthatthenewK USF-B-MACallowstransmissionpoweradjustmentwithinmultihopingnetworks.Inthisexperimentthreenodeswereused.Thebasestationandnode2wereindoorwhilenode1wasoutdoor.Themonitorinterfacewasusedtogetthetransmissionpowervaluesinsteadofthelightreadingsasshownintheexperimentresults,tableA.8Byanalyzingtheresults,tableA.8,node1hadnode2asitsparentanditwasreducingthetransmissionpoweraccordingtothefeedbackfromnode1.Inthesametime,node2wasreducingitstransmissionpowerindependentlyfromnode1andaccordingtothefeedbackfromnode0at-49

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Figure4.7DecreasingDistanceBetweenSenderandReceivertachedtothebasestation.ThisprovesthatthemultihoptransmissionpowercontrolisavailableintheK USF-B-MACprotocol.4.2.3K USF-B-MACCompatibilitywiththeStandardB-MACProtocolThese2experimentsweremadetoensureanormaloperationbetweenamodiedK USF-B-MACnodesandthestandardB-MACnodeswithoutanymodications.4.2.3.1BaseStationwithB-MACProtocolThisexperimentwasperformedindoorbetweentwomotesandabasestationMIB510.Thebasestationnode0andnode2wereprogrammedwiththestandardB-MACwhilenode1wasprogrammedwithK USF-B-MAC.Themonitorinterfacewasusedtogetthetransmissionpowervaluesinsteadofthelightreadingsasshownintheexperimentresults,tableA.3Byanalyzingtheresults,anormaloperationwasobservedwithmaximumtransmissionpowerforallnodesasexpectedfromastandardB-MAC.50

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4.2.3.2BasestationwithK USF-B-MACProtocolThisexperimentwasperformedindoorbetweentwomotesandabasestationMIB510.Thebasestationnode0andnode1wereprogrammedwithK USF-B-MACwhilenode2wasprogrammedwiththestandardB-MAC.Themonitorinterfacewasusedtogetthetransmissionpowervaluesinsteadofthelightreadingsasshownintheexperimentresults,tableA.4Byanalyzingtheresults,anormaloperationwasobserved.Node1wasadjustingitstransmis-sionpowerwhileinthesametime,node2wassendingatfulltransmissionpower.4.3EnergyEvaluationExperimentsTheseexperimentswereperformedtoevaluatetheK USF-B-MACfromtheenergyconsump-tionpointofview.Somecounterswereimplementedintoeachmotessuchas:receivedbytescounter,transmittedbytescounter,receivedacknowledgmentscounterandtransmittedacknowledg-mentscounter.Themonitorinterfacewasusedtogetthetransmissionpowervaluesinsteadofthelightreadings,thereceivedcountervaluesinsteadoftemperaturereadings,thetransmissioncountervaluesinsteadoftheaccelerometerXandYreadings,thereceivedacknowledgmentscounterval-uesinsteadofthemagnometerXreadingsandnallythetransmitacknowledgmentscountervaluesinsteadofthemagnometerYreadings.TheexperimentresultsarepresentedintablesA.1andA.2.4.3.1Outdoor4-MotesExperimentInthisexperimentthenodesweresetupwasasshowningure4.8,thedistancesbetweenthemotesareshownintable4.1.Thisexperimentwasdonetwiceeachwithadurationofonehourandwith455sentmessages.ThersttimewiththeB-MACprotocolprogrammedinthemotesandthesecond,withtheK USF-B-MACprotocolprogrammedinthemotes.TheresultsoftheseexperimentsareshownintablesA.1andA.2respectively.Byanalyzingandprocessingtheresults,acomparisonwasmadebetweentheenergyconsump-tioninthetwocases.AsignicantamountofenergywassavedwhileusingtheK USF-B-MACprotocolasshownintable4.3withoutaffectingthesuccessfulmessagereceptionasshownintable4.2.51

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Figure4.8Outdoor4-MotesEnergyExperimentTable4.1Outdoor4-MotesExperiment:NodesLocations From To Distance 0 3 7.3m 0 2 9.1m 0 1 6.4m 1 2 6.4m 1 3 4.6m 2 3 3.5m Table4.2Outdoor4-MotesExperiment:B-MACandK USF-B-MACMessagesReceivedandReg-isteredbytheBaseStationUsingCrossbow'srMoteviewr NumberofMessagesregisteredinthebasestation B-MAC K USF-B-MAC Node0 427 429 Node1 376 385 Node2 372 383 Node3 380 378 Table4.3Outdoor4-MotesExperiment:B-MACandK USF-B-MACEnergyConsumptionin1HourWith455MessagesSent B-MAC K USF-B-MAC EnergysavedbyK USF-B-MAC Node0 1.0824Joule 0.9217Joule 14.847% Node1 1.2069Joule 0.7515Joule 37.733% Node2 1.1935Joule 0.7460Joule 37.495% Node3 1.2023Joule 0.6672Joule 44.506% 4.3.2Indoor2-MotesExperimentThisexperimentwasperformedindoorbetweenonemoteandabasestation4metersapartandwasdonetwice,eachwithadurationof20minutesand165sentmessages.Oneexperimentwas52

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donewiththeB-MACprotocolprogrammedinthemotesandtheotherwiththeK USF-B-MACprotocolprogrammedinthemotes.TheresultsoftheseexperimentsareshownintablesA.7andA.6respectively.Byanalyzingandprocessingtheresults,acomparisonwasmadebetweentheenergyconsump-tioninthetwocases.Table4.4Indoor2-MotesExperiment:B-MACandK USF-B-MACMessagesReceivedandReg-isteredbytheBaseStationUsingCrossbow'srMoteviewr NumberofMessagesRegisteredintheBaseStation B-MAC K USF-B-MAC Node0 130 135 Node1 156 158 Table4.5Indoor2-MotesExperiment:B-MACandK USF-B-MACEnergyConsumptionin20MinutesWith165MessagesSent B-MAC K USF-B-MAC EnergysavedbyK USF-B-MAC Node0 0.1670Joule 0.1407Joule 18.692% Node1 0.2818Joule 0.1497Joule 46.868% AsignicantamountofenergywassavedwhileusingtheK USF-B-MACprotocolasshownintable4.5withoutaffectingthesuccessfulmessagereceptionasshownintable4.4.4.3.3SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperimentThesimulationwaspreparedusingMatlabsimulinkandtheWSNblocksetshowningure3.7asdiscussedinsubsection3.2.1themainsimulationsettingisshowninguresA.25andA.25.Thesimulationgoalwastosummarizeallthesimulatorfeaturesandtoshowtheenergyconsumptionevaluation.Inthisexperimentfourmoteswereused,asshowningureA.24andthebasestationwasattachedtomote1.Thesimulatedtimewas1800secondsminutesandtook3minutesrealtimeinaveragetobecompleted.Thisexperimentwasdonetwiceeachwithatotalof455sentmessagesforeachnode.TherstexperimentwasperformedwiththeK USF-B-MACprotocolwithouttransmissionpowercontrolwhereastheotherwasdonewiththeK USF-B-MACprotocolwiththetransmissionpowercontrolfeatureenabled.53

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Byanalyzingtheresultsoftheseexperimentsacomparisonwasmadebetweenthetwocasesshownintables4.7and4.8.Table4.6SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperiment:NodesLocations Nodes X Y Node1 2m 5m Node2 3m 5m Node3 2m 7m Node4 5m 3m Table4.7SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperiment:MessagesReceivedandRegisteredbytheBaseStationforK USF-B-MACwithTransmissionPowerControlversusK USF-B-MACwith-outTransmissionPowerControl NumberofMessagesRegisteredintheBaseStation K USF-B-MACwithTxcontrol K USF-B-MACwithoutTxControl Node2 217 208 Node3 214 212 Node4 208 212 Table4.8SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperiment:EnergySaving K USF-B-MACTxcontroldisabled K USF-B-MACTxcontrolenabled Energysaved Node2 0.44958Joule 0.22546Joule 49.851% Node3 0.45323Joule 0.23547Joule 48.046% Node4 0.45083Joule 0.23716Joule 47.395% AsignicantamountofenergywassavedwhileusingtheK USF-B-MACprotocolwithtrans-missionpowercontrolasshownintable4.8withoutaffectingthesuccessfulmessagereceptionasshownintable4.7.54

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CHAPTER5CONCLUSIONSANDFUTUREWORK5.1ConclusionsTransmissionpowercontrolhasopenedanewhorizonofopportunitiesforenergysavinginwirelesssensornetworks.ThisresearchspecicallydevelopedacompleteprocessforcontrollingthetransmissionpowerfortheMICA2motes.However,theprocessiseitherdirectlyapplicableoritprovidesadenitivemapforthedevelopmentofaprocessforthosewirelessmotestowhichitisnotdirectlyapplicable.ThisresearchalsogavebirthtotherstWirelessSensorNetworksdevelopmenttool,whichistermedBlockset.Blocksetisaexiblesimulationtoolthatspecicallyaddressestheprimarydifcultiesassociatedwiththedesignandtestingofnewprotocolsinwirelesssensorsnetworks.ThesimulationtoolwasdevelopedwithintheMatlabframework.Therefore,thesimulationtoolwillbeimmediatelyaccessibleandusefultotheresearchcommunityassociatedwiththisarenaofdevelopment.TheK USF-B-MACprocesswasdevelopedinordertocorrectcertainawsinthestandardB-MACimplementation,whichoperateswithinTinyOS.Inaddition,aprocesswasdevelopedforthedynamiccontroloftransmissionpowerinwirelessmotes.Theamountofenergythatcanbesavedbycontrollingthetransmissionpowerwasquantizedduringtheresearchanddocumentedinthisthesis.Thecontroloftransmissionpowerwasshowntosignicantlyaffectthelifetimeofthemotes,inparticular,andthenetwork,ingeneral.5.2FutureWorkThisresearchhighlightedseveralareasanditemsforfutureinvestigation,whichcouldpoten-tiallyyieldsignicantadvancesinthearenaoftransmissionpowercontrol.A,notallinclusive,listis:55

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UsetheunusedbitintheTxByte,whichissentintheacknowledgment,asaparitybit.RetransmittheTxbytetwiceinordertoensureintegrity.Implementarollbackfeatureinthemotestoautomaticallyraisethetransmissionpowerifacertainnumberofacknowledgmentsarelost.Extendthestudyofwirelessbehaviortoimprovethecontroloftransmissionpowerwithamoresophisticatedalgorithm.BuildaTransmissionpowercontrolinterfacetodynamicallyenableordisablethecontrolfeaturefromtheapplicationlayer,throughajumperoraDIP1switch.Movethetransmissionpowercontroloperationtoaseparateunittomakeiteasyfordevelop-erstoimplementchanges. 1DualIn-linePackage56

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REFERENCES[1]BaiHaowei,M.Atiquzzaman,andD.Lilja.Wirelesssensornetworkforaircrafthealthmoni-toring.pages748,2004.[2]SensorNetworksTian.Energy-efcientsurveillancesystemusingwireless,June2004.[3]WenjieChen,LifengChen,ZhanglongChen,andShiliangTu.Arealtimedynamictrafccontrolsystembasedonwirelesssensornetwork.pages258,2005.[4]G.Werner-Allen,J.Johnson,M.Ruiz,J.Lees,andM.Welsh.Monitoringvolcaniceruptionswithawirelesssensornetwork.pages108,2005.[5]AlanMainwaring,JosephPolastre,RobertSzewczyk,DavidCuller,andJohnAnderson.Wire-lesssensornetworksforhabitatmonitoring.InACMInternationalWorkshoponWirelessSensorNetworksandApplicationsWSNA'02,Atlanta,GA,2002.inproceedings.[6]Crossbow.Xbowsmartdustproductinfoguide,atwww.xbow.com,2006.[7]Crossbow.MPR/MIBuser'smanualrev.A,atwww.xbow.com,2005.[8]BTnodes.Btnodehardwarereferencerev3,athttp://www.btnode.ethz.ch,2005.[9]EnergyEfcientSensorNetworks.http://www.eyes.eu.org,2006.[10]WirelessIntegratedNetworkSensors.http://www.janet.ucla.edu/wins/,2006.[11]Atmel.Atmega128ldatasheet,atwww.atmel.com,2006.[12]Crossbow.MICA2datasheet,atwww.xbow.com,2006.[13]LevisPhilip.Tinyosprogrammingmanual,athttp://www.tinyos.net,2006.[14]Chipcon.CC1000datasheet,atwww.chipcon.com,2006.[15]Crossbow.MTS/MDAsensoranddataacquisitionboarduser'smanualrevA,atwww.xbow.com,2006.[16]AndreasWilligHolgerKarl.ProtocolsandArchitecturesforWirelessSensorNetworks.Wiley,2005.[17]RFM.TR1000916.50MHzhybridtransceiver,atwww.rfm.com,1999.[18]Chipcon.CC2420datasheet,atwww.chipcon.com,2006.[19]Zigbee.Zigbeespecication,atwww.zigbee.org,2006.57

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[20]JasonHill.ASoftwareArchitectureSupportingNetworkedSensors.PhDthesis,UniversityofCaliforniaatBerkeley,2000.[21]B.Phillip,H.Jason,andC.David.Activemessagecom-municationfortinynetworkedsensors,2001.[22]D.Gay,P.Levis,R.vonBehren,M.Welsh,E.Brewer,andD.Culler.Thenesclanguage:Aholisticapproachtonetworkedembeddedsystems,2003.[23]Crossbow.Stargatedeveloper'sguiderev.b,atwww.xbow.com,2006.[24]KeithW.RossJamesF.Kurose.ComputerNetworking:ATop-DownApproachFeaturingtheInternet.Addison-Wesley,2005.[25]TheodoreS.Rappaport.WirelessCommunications:PrinciplesandPractice.PrenticeHall,2ndeditionedition,2002.[26]W.Ye,J.Heidemann,andD.Estrin.Anenergy-efcientmacprotocolforwirelesssensornetworks,2002.[27]JosephPolastre,JasonHill,andDavidCuller.Versatilelowpowermediaaccessforwirelesssensornetworks.InProceedingsofthe2ndinternationalconferenceonEmbeddednetworkedsensorsystems,Baltimore,MD,USA.ACMPressml.[28]W.R.Heinzelman,A.Chandrakasan,andH.Balakrishnan.Energy-efcientcommunicationprotocolforwirelessmicrosensornetworks.page10pp.vol.2,2000.[29]H.A.CorreiaLuiz,F.MacedoDaniel,A.C.SilvaDaniel,L.dosSantosAldri,A.F.LoureiroAntonio,Jos,andS.NogueiraMarcos.Transmissionpowercontrolinmacprotocolsforwirelesssensornetworks,2005.1089494282-289.[30]DongjinSon,BhaskarKrishnamachari,andJohnHeidemann.Experimentalstudyoftheef-fectsoftransmissionpowercontrolandblacklistinginwirelesssensornetworks.InProceed-ingsoftheFirstIEEEConferenceonSensorandAdhocCommunicationandNetworks,pages289,SantaClara,California,USA,2004.IEEE.inproceedings.[31]C.Intanagonwiwat,R.Govindan,D.Estrin,J.Heidemann,andF.Silva.Directeddiffusionforwirelesssensornetworking,2003.[32]E.JungandN.Vaidya.Apowercontrolmacprotocolforad-hocnetworks.InProceedingsoftheEighthAnnualInternationalConferenceonMobileComputingandNetworkingMO-BICOM,Atlanta,Georgia,2002.ACMPress.[33]J.P.Monks,V.Bharghavan,andW.M.W.Hwu.Transmissionpowercontrolformultipleaccesswirelesspacketnetworks.InLocalComputerNetworks,2000.LCN2000.Proceedings.25thAnnualIEEEConferenceon,pages12,2000.inproceedings.[34]JeffreyMonks,VaduvurBharghavan,andWenmeiW.Hwu.Apowercontrolledmultipleaccessprotocolforwirelesspacketnetworks.InINFOCOM,pages219,2001.inpro-ceedings.[35]J.P.EbertA.WoliszMonksandW.MeiW.Hwu.Astudyoftheenergysavingandcapacityimprovementpotentialofpowercontrolinmulti-hopwirelessnetworks,November2001.58

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[36]S.Wu,Y.Tseng,andJ.Sheu.Intelligentmediumaccessformobileadhocnetworkswithbusytonesandpowercontrol.IEEEJournalonSelectedAreainCommunications,18:1647,2000.article.[37]AlaaMuqattashandMarwanKrunz.Asingle-channelsolutionfortransmissionpowercontrolinwirelessadhocnetworks.InProceedingsofthe5thACMinternationalsymposiumonMobileadhocnetworkingandcomputing,pages210,RoppongiHills,Tokyo,Japan,2004.ACMPress.inproceedings.[38]V.KawadiaandP.R.Kumar.Principlesandprotocolsforpowercontrolinwirelessadhocnetworks.SelectedAreasinCommunications,IEEEJournalon,23:76,2005.0733-8716.[39]J.GomezandA.T.Campbell.Acaseforvariable-rangetransmissionpowercontrolinwire-lessmultihopnetworks.InINFOCOM2004.Twenty-thirdAnnualJointConferenceoftheIEEEComputerandCommunicationsSocieties,volume2,pages1425vol.2,2004.in-proceedings.[40]S.Narayanaswamy,V.Kawadia,R.Sreenivas,andP.Kumar.Powercontrolinad-hocnet-works:Theory,architecture,algorithmandimplementationofthecompowprotocol,2002.[41]M.Krunz,A.Muqattash,andLeeSung-Ju.Transmissionpowercontrolinwirelessadhocnetworks:challenges,solutionsandopenissues.Network,IEEE,18:8,2004.0890-8044.[42]Seung-JongParkandR.Sivakumar.Quantitativeanalysisoftransmissionpowercontrolinwirelessad-hocnetworks.InParallelProcessingWorkshops,2002.Proceedings.InternationalConferenceon,pages56,2002.inproceedings.[43]LevisPhilip,LeeNelson,WelshMatt,andCullerDavid.Tossim:accurateandscalablesimu-lationofentiretinyosapplications,2003.958506126-137.[44]ShnayderVictor,HempsteadMark,ChenBor-rong,AllenGeoffWerner,andWelshMatt.Simulatingthepowerconsumptionoflarge-scalesensornetworkapplications,2004.1031518188-200.[45]FallKevinandVaradhanKannan.Thensmanual,athttp://www.isi.edu/nsnam/ns/,2006.[46]J.Polley,D.Blazakis,J.McGee,D.Rusk,andJ.S.Baras.Atemu:ane-grainedsensornetworksimulator.pages145,2004.[47]G.Simon,P.Volgyesi,M.Maroti,andA.Ledeczi.Simulation-basedoptimizationofcom-municationprotocolsforlarge-scalewirelesssensornetworks.volume3,pages1339,2003.[48]Mathworks.Matlab,athttp://www.mathworks.com/products/matlab/,2006.[49]Mathworks.Simulink,athttp://www.mathworks.com/products/simulink/,2006.[50]Mathworks.Stateow,athttp://www.mathworks.com/products/stateow/,2006.59

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APPENDICES60

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AppendixAExperimentsResults FigureA.1TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel01 FigureA.2TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0261

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.3TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel03 FigureA.4TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0462

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.5TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel05 FigureA.6TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0663

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.7TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel07 FigureA.8TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0864

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.9TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel09 FigureA.10TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0A65

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.11TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0B FigureA.12TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0C66

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.13TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0E FigureA.14TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel0F67

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.15TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel40 FigureA.16TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel5068

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.17TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel60 FigureA.18TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel7069

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AppendixA(Continued) FigureA.19TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel80 FigureA.20TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevel90 70

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.21TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevelC0 FigureA.22TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevelE071

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AppendixA(Continued) FigureA.23TransmissionPowerLevelsExperimentwithTxLevelFF FigureA.24SimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperimentwithTransmissionPowerControl 72

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AppendixAContinued FigureA.25ParametersforSimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperimentwithTxPowerControl FigureA.26ParametersforSimulatedOutdoor4-MotesExperimentwithoutTxPowerControl73

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1Outdoor4-MotesExperiments:FixedTransmissionPowerId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 1 13:41 126 255 0 376 18 0 76 00 2 13:41 126 255 76 377 18 5 76 00 3 13:41 126 255 268 377 29 15 152 00 4 13:41 126 255 576 377 29 30 152 00 5 13:42 126 255 24 376 40 50 228 00 6 13:42 126 255 496 376 40 70 228 00 7 13:42 126 255 20 376 40 95 228 00 8 13:42 126 255 444 377 52 115 304 00 9 13:42 126 255 868 376 52 135 304 00 10 13:42 126 255 316 376 64 155 416 00 11 13:42 126 255 912 376 64 180 416 00 12 13:43 126 255 348 376 64 200 416 00 13 13:43 126 255 808 377 75 220 528 03 10 13:43 0 255 496 320 169 155 532 42 11 13:43 0 255 688 314 177 165 648 40 14 13:43 126 255 244 376 75 240 528 03 11 13:43 0 255 836 320 180 160 648 41 13 13:43 0 255 48 392 29 165 988 40 15 13:43 126 255 700 376 86 4 640 03 12 13:43 0 255 148 320 192 165 764 42 13 13:43 0 255 388 314 212 175 988 41 14 13:43 0 255 496 392 41 165 80 80 16 13:43 126 255 240 376 86 29 640 074

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 14 13:43 0 255 800 315 224 180 80 81 15 13:43 0 255 728 392 64 165 308 80 17 13:43 126 255 700 376 86 49 640 03 14 13:43 0 255 948 320 227 180 80 82 15 13:43 0 255 120 314 248 185 308 81 16 13:43 0 255 160 392 75 175 424 80 18 13:43 126 255 156 377 98 69 752 03 15 13:43 0 255 156 320 250 180 308 82 16 13:43 0 255 464 315 4 190 424 81 17 13:43 0 255 504 392 87 180 540 83 16 13:44 0 255 608 320 5 185 424 82 17 13:44 0 255 916 314 15 195 540 81 18 13:44 0 255 848 392 111 185 764 80 20 13:44 126 255 156 376 109 114 864 03 17 13:44 0 255 948 320 17 185 540 82 18 13:44 0 255 232 314 39 195 764 80 21 13:44 126 255 612 377 109 134 864 03 18 13:44 0 255 268 320 39 190 764 82 19 13:44 0 255 576 314 50 200 880 81 20 13:44 0 255 504 392 152 185 84 120 22 13:44 126 255 48 376 121 154 976 03 19 13:44 0 255 724 320 51 200 880 82 20 13:44 0 255 920 314 73 205 84 121 21 13:44 0 255 960 392 164 195 200 120 23 13:44 126 255 508 377 121 174 976 075

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 20 13:44 0 255 956 321 75 200 84 122 21 13:44 0 255 240 314 85 210 200 120 24 13:44 126 255 52 376 121 199 976 02 22 13:44 0 255 692 314 97 215 316 121 23 13:44 0 255 732 392 198 205 540 120 25 13:44 126 255 508 376 132 219 64 43 22 13:44 0 255 724 321 98 205 316 122 23 13:44 0 255 8 314 120 215 540 121 24 13:44 0 255 48 392 209 205 656 120 26 13:44 126 255 964 376 132 239 64 43 23 13:44 0 255 44 320 122 210 540 122 24 13:44 0 255 352 314 132 220 656 120 27 13:45 126 255 400 376 144 3 176 43 24 13:45 0 255 500 320 134 220 656 122 25 13:45 0 255 696 314 156 225 884 121 26 13:45 0 255 736 392 249 215 1000 120 28 13:45 126 255 860 377 144 23 176 43 25 13:45 0 255 732 320 158 220 884 122 26 13:45 0 255 124 315 168 230 1000 121 27 13:45 0 255 56 392 16 220 200 160 29 13:45 126 255 404 376 144 48 176 43 26 13:45 0 255 160 320 170 225 1000 120 30 13:45 126 255 860 376 156 68 288 43 27 13:45 0 255 500 320 193 225 200 162 28 13:45 0 255 808 314 203 235 316 1676

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 29 13:45 0 255 848 391 39 225 432 160 31 13:45 126 255 292 376 156 88 288 41 30 13:45 0 255 168 392 69 230 660 160 32 13:45 126 255 752 376 168 108 400 43 29 13:45 0 255 276 320 216 240 432 162 30 13:45 0 255 472 314 237 245 660 161 31 13:45 0 255 512 392 81 235 776 160 33 13:45 126 255 300 376 168 133 400 43 30 13:45 0 255 508 320 239 240 660 162 31 13:45 0 255 924 314 249 250 776 161 32 13:45 0 255 856 392 104 240 1000 160 34 13:45 126 255 756 376 168 153 400 43 31 13:46 0 255 960 320 251 245 776 162 32 13:46 0 255 244 315 17 255 1000 161 33 13:46 0 255 284 392 116 245 92 200 35 13:46 126 255 188 376 179 173 512 43 32 13:46 0 255 276 321 18 245 1000 162 33 13:46 0 255 584 314 29 255 92 200 36 13:46 126 255 644 376 179 193 512 43 33 13:46 0 255 620 320 30 250 92 202 34 13:46 0 255 16 314 41 9 208 201 35 13:46 0 255 968 392 150 250 436 200 37 13:46 126 255 80 376 191 213 624 43 34 13:46 0 255 52 321 42 4 208 202 35 13:46 0 255 248 314 70 9 436 2077

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 36 13:46 0 255 400 392 161 4 552 200 38 13:46 126 255 652 377 191 238 624 43 35 13:46 0 255 392 320 65 4 436 202 36 13:46 0 255 700 315 81 14 552 200 39 13:46 126 255 84 376 191 2 624 43 36 13:46 0 255 844 321 77 9 552 202 37 13:46 0 255 20 314 104 19 776 201 38 13:46 0 255 60 392 197 9 892 200 40 13:46 126 255 540 376 203 22 736 43 37 13:46 0 255 52 320 100 9 776 202 38 13:46 0 255 360 315 115 19 892 201 39 13:46 0 255 400 392 208 9 1008 200 41 13:46 126 255 84 376 203 47 736 43 38 13:46 0 255 508 320 111 19 892 201 40 13:46 0 255 744 392 238 14 212 240 42 13:47 126 255 544 377 215 67 848 43 39 13:47 0 255 852 320 123 24 1008 201 41 13:47 0 255 176 391 249 24 328 240 43 13:47 126 255 1004 376 215 87 848 43 40 13:47 0 255 168 321 147 24 212 242 41 13:47 0 255 592 314 161 34 328 240 44 13:47 126 255 436 376 226 107 960 43 41 13:47 0 255 620 320 177 29 444 242 42 13:47 0 255 936 314 184 39 552 241 43 13:47 0 255 976 392 28 29 668 2478

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 45 13:47 126 255 892 377 226 127 960 43 42 13:47 0 255 852 321 201 29 668 242 43 13:47 0 255 252 314 196 39 668 241 44 13:47 0 255 292 392 58 29 896 240 46 13:47 126 255 436 377 226 152 960 42 44 13:47 0 255 708 315 207 49 784 241 45 13:47 0 255 748 392 69 39 1012 240 47 13:47 126 255 896 376 238 172 48 83 44 13:47 0 255 648 321 225 44 900 241 46 13:47 0 255 68 392 81 44 104 282 46 13:47 0 255 368 315 242 54 104 281 47 13:47 0 255 412 391 104 49 328 280 49 13:47 126 255 788 376 250 212 160 83 46 13:48 0 255 416 320 3 49 220 282 47 13:48 0 255 712 314 10 59 328 281 48 13:48 0 255 752 392 115 49 444 280 50 13:48 126 255 220 376 250 232 160 83 47 13:48 0 255 648 320 27 49 444 282 48 13:48 0 255 140 315 21 64 444 281 49 13:48 0 255 68 391 138 49 672 280 51 13:48 126 255 788 376 250 1 160 83 48 13:48 0 255 80 321 39 59 560 282 49 13:48 0 255 484 315 43 69 672 281 50 13:48 0 255 524 393 149 59 788 280 52 13:48 126 255 224 376 5 21 272 879

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 49 13:48 0 255 424 321 62 64 788 282 50 13:48 0 255 848 314 54 74 788 281 51 13:48 0 255 868 392 160 64 904 280 53 13:48 126 255 684 376 5 41 272 83 50 13:48 0 255 764 321 73 64 904 282 51 13:48 0 255 276 315 65 79 904 281 52 13:48 0 255 188 392 183 69 104 320 54 13:48 126 255 116 377 17 61 384 82 52 13:48 0 255 508 315 88 79 104 321 53 13:48 0 255 528 391 194 69 220 320 55 13:48 126 255 680 376 17 86 384 83 52 13:48 0 255 424 321 108 69 220 321 54 13:48 0 255 868 392 223 69 448 320 56 13:48 126 255 116 377 17 106 384 83 53 13:48 0 255 880 320 120 79 336 322 54 13:48 0 255 280 314 123 89 448 321 55 13:48 0 255 300 392 234 79 564 320 57 13:49 126 255 576 377 28 126 496 81 56 13:49 0 255 644 391 245 84 680 320 58 13:49 126 255 12 376 28 146 496 83 55 13:49 0 255 540 320 155 84 680 322 56 13:49 0 255 52 315 146 99 680 321 57 13:49 0 255 988 391 12 89 904 323 56 13:49 0 255 992 321 166 89 796 320 60 13:49 126 255 8 376 40 191 608 880

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 57 13:49 0 255 312 320 188 94 1020 322 58 13:49 0 255 736 314 181 104 1020 321 59 13:49 0 255 536 392 52 89 224 360 61 13:49 126 255 468 376 40 211 608 83 58 13:49 0 255 768 321 200 104 112 362 59 13:49 0 255 56 314 204 109 224 361 60 13:49 0 255 992 392 64 99 340 360 62 13:49 126 255 928 376 51 231 720 83 59 13:49 0 255 1000 321 222 104 340 362 60 13:49 0 255 400 315 216 114 340 360 63 13:49 126 255 472 376 51 0 720 83 60 13:49 0 255 428 321 234 109 456 362 61 13:49 0 255 852 315 228 119 456 361 62 13:49 0 255 656 392 98 109 680 360 64 13:49 126 255 928 376 62 20 832 83 61 13:50 0 255 768 321 246 109 572 362 62 13:50 0 255 168 315 252 119 680 361 63 13:50 0 255 80 392 109 109 796 360 65 13:50 126 255 360 376 62 40 832 83 62 13:50 0 255 88 321 13 114 796 362 63 13:50 0 255 512 315 8 124 796 361 64 13:50 0 255 312 391 133 109 0 400 66 13:50 126 255 820 376 73 60 944 83 63 13:50 0 255 544 320 24 124 912 361 65 13:50 0 255 768 391 145 119 116 4081

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 67 13:50 126 255 276 376 73 80 944 83 64 13:50 0 255 776 321 47 124 116 402 65 13:50 0 255 176 315 43 134 116 401 66 13:50 0 255 88 392 169 124 340 400 68 13:50 126 255 844 376 73 105 944 83 65 13:50 0 255 204 321 59 129 232 402 66 13:50 0 255 628 314 55 139 232 400 69 13:50 126 255 276 376 85 125 32 122 67 13:50 0 255 968 314 79 139 456 403 67 13:50 0 255 888 320 95 134 572 402 68 13:50 0 255 288 315 91 144 572 401 69 13:50 0 255 200 392 214 134 800 400 71 13:50 126 255 168 376 97 165 144 123 68 13:50 0 255 320 321 106 144 688 402 69 13:50 0 255 632 315 115 149 800 401 70 13:50 0 255 544 392 226 139 916 403 69 13:51 0 255 552 321 130 144 916 402 70 13:51 0 255 60 315 126 154 916 401 71 13:51 0 255 888 391 249 144 116 440 73 13:51 126 255 172 376 97 210 144 122 71 13:51 0 255 404 314 149 159 116 441 72 13:51 0 255 316 392 4 149 232 440 74 13:51 126 255 628 376 108 230 256 123 71 13:51 0 255 320 321 153 149 124 442 72 13:51 0 255 744 315 161 159 232 4482

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 73 13:51 0 255 656 392 15 149 348 440 75 13:51 126 255 60 376 108 250 256 123 72 13:51 0 255 664 321 177 154 348 442 73 13:51 0 255 176 314 173 169 348 440 76 13:51 126 255 520 376 120 14 368 123 73 13:51 0 255 1004 321 188 164 464 442 74 13:51 0 255 408 315 197 169 576 441 75 13:51 0 255 320 392 49 159 692 440 77 13:51 126 255 68 376 120 39 368 121 76 13:51 0 255 664 392 72 164 916 440 78 13:51 126 255 524 376 120 59 368 121 77 13:51 0 255 1000 391 84 169 8 480 79 13:51 126 255 980 376 132 79 480 123 76 13:51 0 255 1004 321 247 169 8 482 77 13:52 0 255 520 314 244 179 8 481 78 13:52 0 255 316 392 96 169 124 480 80 13:52 126 255 412 376 132 99 480 123 77 13:52 0 255 324 321 3 174 124 482 78 13:52 0 255 976 315 255 189 124 481 79 13:52 0 255 660 391 125 174 352 480 81 13:52 126 255 872 376 144 119 592 123 78 13:52 0 255 780 321 15 184 240 481 80 13:52 0 255 92 391 137 184 468 483 79 13:52 0 255 1012 321 39 184 468 482 80 13:52 0 255 636 315 35 194 468 4883

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 81 13:52 0 255 324 392 160 184 692 480 83 13:52 126 255 876 376 144 164 592 123 80 13:52 0 255 440 321 50 189 584 481 82 13:52 0 255 776 392 172 189 808 480 84 13:52 126 255 308 376 156 184 704 123 81 13:52 0 255 780 320 74 189 808 482 82 13:52 0 255 296 315 69 199 808 481 83 13:52 0 255 92 392 184 189 924 480 85 13:52 126 255 876 376 156 209 704 123 82 13:52 0 255 100 321 86 194 924 482 83 13:52 0 255 752 315 81 209 924 481 84 13:52 0 255 436 392 214 194 128 520 86 13:52 126 255 312 377 168 229 816 123 83 13:52 0 255 556 321 97 204 16 520 87 13:53 126 255 772 376 168 249 816 123 84 13:53 0 255 896 321 119 204 244 522 85 13:53 0 255 412 315 115 214 244 521 86 13:53 0 255 100 392 248 204 468 520 88 13:53 126 255 204 376 179 13 928 123 85 13:53 0 255 324 321 131 209 360 522 86 13:53 0 255 756 315 139 219 468 521 87 13:53 0 255 552 391 4 209 584 520 89 13:53 126 255 660 376 179 33 928 123 86 13:53 0 255 556 321 155 209 584 522 87 13:53 0 255 72 315 150 219 584 5284

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 88 13:53 0 255 892 391 26 209 812 520 90 13:53 126 255 204 376 179 58 928 123 87 13:53 0 255 1012 321 167 219 700 522 88 13:53 0 255 416 315 162 224 700 520 91 13:53 126 255 664 376 190 78 16 163 88 13:53 0 255 220 321 179 219 816 522 89 13:53 0 255 760 315 186 229 928 521 90 13:53 0 255 668 392 50 224 20 560 92 13:53 126 255 100 376 190 98 16 163 89 13:53 0 255 560 320 202 219 20 562 90 13:53 0 255 76 315 198 229 20 560 93 13:53 126 255 556 376 202 118 128 163 90 13:53 0 255 1012 321 213 224 136 562 91 13:53 0 255 420 315 222 234 244 560 94 13:53 126 255 96 376 202 143 128 162 92 13:54 0 255 872 315 234 239 360 561 93 13:54 0 255 668 391 115 229 588 560 95 13:54 126 255 556 376 202 163 128 162 93 13:54 0 255 192 315 0 244 588 561 94 13:54 0 255 100 392 126 239 704 560 96 13:54 126 255 1016 376 213 183 240 163 93 13:54 0 255 1020 321 4 239 592 562 94 13:54 0 255 536 315 11 249 704 561 95 13:54 0 255 444 391 138 244 820 563 94 13:54 0 255 336 321 28 239 820 5685

PAGE 98

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 95 13:54 0 255 988 315 23 254 820 561 96 13:54 0 255 788 392 161 249 20 600 98 13:54 126 255 908 377 225 223 352 163 95 13:54 0 255 788 321 40 244 936 562 96 13:54 0 255 196 315 47 254 20 601 97 13:54 0 255 104 392 172 249 136 600 99 13:54 126 255 448 376 225 248 352 163 96 13:54 0 255 1020 321 62 244 136 602 97 13:54 0 255 648 315 59 3 136 601 98 13:54 0 255 444 392 201 249 364 600 100 13:54 126 255 908 376 225 12 352 163 97 13:54 0 255 452 321 74 254 252 602 98 13:54 0 255 992 315 83 8 364 601 99 13:54 0 255 900 391 213 3 480 600 101 13:54 126 255 344 376 237 32 464 163 98 13:54 0 255 796 321 97 3 480 602 99 13:54 0 255 312 314 94 13 480 601 100 13:54 0 255 220 391 225 8 596 600 102 13:55 126 255 912 376 237 57 464 163 99 13:55 0 255 112 321 109 3 596 602 100 13:55 0 255 764 315 105 18 596 601 101 13:55 0 255 564 392 248 13 820 600 103 13:55 126 255 344 376 248 77 576 163 100 13:55 0 255 564 321 120 8 712 601 102 13:55 0 255 1012 391 4 13 936 6086

PAGE 99

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 104 13:55 126 255 800 376 248 97 576 162 102 13:55 0 255 424 315 141 23 936 600 105 13:55 126 255 236 376 4 117 688 163 102 13:55 0 255 228 321 154 18 28 642 103 13:55 0 255 768 315 164 28 140 640 106 13:55 126 255 696 377 4 137 688 163 103 13:55 0 255 572 321 178 23 256 642 104 13:55 0 255 88 315 176 33 256 640 107 13:55 126 255 240 376 4 162 688 163 104 13:55 0 255 912 322 189 23 372 642 105 13:55 0 255 540 315 187 38 372 641 106 13:55 0 255 340 392 82 33 596 640 108 13:55 126 255 696 377 16 182 800 163 105 13:55 0 255 340 321 201 28 488 642 106 13:55 0 255 880 315 209 38 596 641 107 13:55 0 255 788 391 94 33 712 640 109 13:55 126 255 128 375 16 202 800 163 106 13:55 0 255 684 321 224 33 712 642 107 13:56 0 255 200 315 221 43 712 641 108 13:56 0 255 1020 392 124 33 940 640 110 13:56 126 255 588 376 28 222 912 163 107 13:56 0 255 116 321 236 43 828 641 109 13:56 0 255 452 391 135 43 32 680 111 13:56 126 255 24 376 28 242 912 163 108 13:56 0 255 348 321 3 43 32 6887

PAGE 100

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 109 13:56 0 255 888 315 255 53 32 681 110 13:56 0 255 796 391 157 48 256 680 112 13:56 126 255 592 377 28 11 912 163 109 13:56 0 255 800 321 15 48 148 682 110 13:56 0 255 316 315 11 58 148 681 111 13:56 0 255 224 392 168 53 372 680 113 13:56 126 255 24 376 40 31 0 203 110 13:56 0 255 116 321 26 48 264 682 111 13:56 0 255 656 314 34 58 372 681 112 13:56 0 255 564 392 180 53 488 680 114 13:56 126 255 480 376 40 51 0 203 111 13:56 0 255 460 321 49 53 488 682 112 13:56 0 255 1000 315 45 63 488 681 113 13:56 0 255 908 391 210 58 716 680 115 13:56 126 255 940 376 51 71 112 203 112 13:56 0 255 916 321 60 63 604 682 113 13:56 0 255 320 315 68 68 716 681 114 13:56 0 255 228 392 222 63 832 680 116 13:56 126 255 488 376 51 96 112 203 113 13:56 0 255 124 321 84 63 832 682 114 13:56 0 255 772 315 80 73 832 681 115 13:56 0 255 572 391 245 68 32 720 117 13:57 126 255 944 375 51 116 112 203 114 13:57 0 255 576 322 96 68 948 682 115 13:57 0 255 92 315 104 78 32 7288

PAGE 101

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 116 13:57 0 255 0 392 1 73 148 720 118 13:57 126 255 376 376 62 136 224 203 115 13:57 0 255 916 321 108 68 40 722 116 13:57 0 255 432 315 115 78 148 721 117 13:57 0 255 340 392 12 73 264 720 119 13:57 126 255 832 376 62 156 224 201 118 13:57 0 255 684 392 42 78 492 720 120 13:57 126 255 268 376 74 176 336 203 117 13:57 0 255 692 321 144 83 380 722 118 13:57 0 255 96 315 148 88 492 720 121 13:57 126 255 840 376 74 201 336 203 118 13:57 0 255 924 322 167 83 608 721 120 13:57 0 255 348 392 77 88 832 720 122 13:57 126 255 272 376 74 221 336 203 119 13:57 0 255 352 321 179 88 724 722 120 13:57 0 255 892 315 184 98 832 721 121 13:57 0 255 800 392 88 93 948 720 123 13:57 126 255 728 376 86 241 448 203 120 13:57 0 255 692 322 202 88 948 722 121 13:57 0 255 208 315 196 98 948 721 122 13:57 0 255 116 392 100 93 40 760 124 13:57 126 255 272 376 86 10 448 203 121 13:57 0 255 12 321 214 93 40 762 122 13:58 0 255 664 315 208 108 40 761 123 13:58 0 255 460 391 130 98 268 7689

PAGE 102

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 125 13:58 126 255 732 376 98 30 560 203 122 13:58 0 255 468 322 226 103 156 762 123 13:58 0 255 896 315 231 108 268 760 126 13:58 126 255 168 376 98 50 560 203 123 13:58 0 255 700 321 249 103 384 761 125 13:58 0 255 124 392 165 108 608 760 127 13:58 126 255 624 376 110 70 672 203 124 13:58 0 255 128 322 5 108 500 761 126 13:58 0 255 576 392 176 113 724 760 128 13:58 126 255 56 376 110 90 672 202 126 13:58 0 255 1008 315 21 118 724 761 127 13:58 0 255 916 392 188 113 840 760 129 13:58 126 255 624 377 110 115 672 203 126 13:58 0 255 812 322 39 113 840 762 127 13:58 0 255 440 315 32 128 840 761 128 13:58 0 255 236 392 212 118 44 800 130 13:58 126 255 60 376 122 135 784 203 127 13:58 0 255 244 321 50 123 956 762 128 13:58 0 255 784 315 55 133 44 801 129 13:58 0 255 692 392 224 128 160 800 131 13:58 126 255 520 376 122 155 784 203 128 13:58 0 255 476 321 73 123 160 802 129 13:58 0 255 100 315 67 133 160 801 130 13:58 0 255 924 392 248 128 384 800 132 13:59 126 255 976 376 134 175 896 2090

PAGE 103

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 129 13:59 0 255 928 321 85 128 276 802 130 13:59 0 255 444 315 91 138 384 801 131 13:59 0 255 352 392 4 133 500 800 133 13:59 126 255 408 376 134 195 896 202 131 13:59 0 255 784 315 103 138 500 801 132 13:59 0 255 692 392 33 133 728 800 134 13:59 126 255 976 377 134 220 896 203 131 13:59 0 255 700 321 119 138 616 802 132 13:59 0 255 216 315 115 148 616 801 133 13:59 0 255 124 391 45 143 844 800 135 13:59 126 255 412 376 145 240 1008 203 132 13:59 0 255 20 321 130 143 732 800 136 13:59 126 255 872 376 145 4 1008 203 133 13:59 0 255 360 321 154 143 960 802 134 13:59 0 255 900 315 151 153 960 801 135 13:59 0 255 812 391 80 153 160 840 137 13:59 126 255 304 376 157 24 96 243 134 13:59 0 255 812 322 165 148 52 842 135 13:59 0 255 240 315 174 158 160 841 136 13:59 0 255 128 392 91 153 276 840 138 13:59 126 255 868 376 157 49 96 243 135 13:59 0 255 20 321 189 148 276 842 136 13:59 0 255 692 315 186 163 276 841 137 13:59 0 255 468 391 121 153 504 840 139 13:59 126 255 304 376 157 69 96 2491

PAGE 104

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 136 13:59 0 255 476 322 200 158 392 842 137 14:00 0 255 12 315 208 168 504 840 140 14:00 126 255 764 377 169 89 208 243 137 14:00 0 255 820 321 211 163 508 841 139 14:00 0 255 244 391 144 168 736 840 141 14:00 126 255 200 376 169 109 208 243 138 14:00 0 255 136 322 234 163 736 842 139 14:00 0 255 808 315 231 178 736 841 140 14:00 0 255 588 392 168 173 960 840 142 14:00 126 255 656 376 181 129 320 243 139 14:00 0 255 588 321 246 168 852 842 140 14:00 0 255 16 315 254 178 960 841 141 14:00 0 255 928 391 179 173 52 880 143 14:00 126 255 196 376 181 154 320 243 140 14:00 0 255 820 322 13 168 52 882 141 14:00 0 255 488 315 10 183 52 881 142 14:00 0 255 244 392 208 173 280 880 144 14:00 126 255 656 377 181 174 320 243 141 14:00 0 255 140 321 24 173 168 882 142 14:00 0 255 832 315 33 188 280 881 143 14:00 0 255 700 391 219 183 396 880 145 14:00 126 255 92 376 193 194 432 243 142 14:00 0 255 484 322 35 178 284 882 143 14:00 0 255 152 315 45 193 396 881 144 14:00 0 255 20 392 231 188 512 8892

PAGE 105

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 146 14:00 126 255 660 376 193 219 432 243 143 14:00 0 255 824 321 59 178 512 880 147 14:01 126 255 92 376 204 239 544 242 145 14:01 0 255 836 315 81 198 736 880 148 14:01 126 255 548 377 204 3 544 243 145 14:01 0 255 484 322 95 183 852 882 146 14:01 0 255 264 315 93 203 852 881 147 14:01 0 255 20 391 32 193 56 920 149 14:01 126 255 1008 376 216 23 656 243 146 14:01 0 255 940 322 107 193 968 882 147 14:01 0 255 608 315 117 208 56 921 148 14:01 0 255 476 392 43 203 172 920 150 14:01 126 255 444 376 216 43 656 243 147 14:01 0 255 260 321 130 198 172 922 148 14:01 0 255 952 315 129 213 172 921 149 14:01 0 255 820 391 54 208 288 920 151 14:01 126 255 1012 376 216 68 656 243 148 14:01 0 255 600 322 142 198 288 922 149 14:01 0 255 380 315 141 218 288 921 150 14:01 0 255 140 392 78 213 512 923 149 14:01 0 255 28 322 154 203 404 922 150 14:01 0 255 720 315 165 218 512 921 151 14:01 0 255 588 391 90 213 628 920 153 14:01 126 255 900 377 228 108 768 243 150 14:01 0 255 260 322 178 203 628 9293

PAGE 106

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 151 14:01 0 255 40 315 177 223 628 921 152 14:01 0 255 820 392 119 213 856 920 154 14:01 126 255 336 376 239 128 880 243 151 14:01 0 255 716 321 189 213 744 922 152 14:02 0 255 384 315 201 228 856 920 155 14:02 126 255 796 376 239 148 880 243 152 14:02 0 255 36 322 213 218 972 922 153 14:02 0 255 728 315 213 233 972 921 154 14:02 0 255 596 391 154 228 172 960 156 14:02 126 255 340 376 239 173 880 243 153 14:02 0 255 376 321 225 218 64 962 154 14:02 0 255 156 315 225 238 64 961 155 14:02 0 255 24 392 166 233 288 960 157 14:02 126 255 796 377 251 193 992 243 154 14:02 0 255 828 322 237 223 180 962 155 14:02 0 255 496 315 249 238 288 961 156 14:02 0 255 364 392 177 233 404 960 158 14:02 126 255 228 377 251 213 992 243 155 14:02 0 255 148 321 4 228 404 961 157 14:02 0 255 708 391 201 238 632 960 159 14:02 126 255 688 376 7 233 80 283 156 14:02 0 255 604 322 15 238 520 962 157 14:02 0 255 160 315 28 248 632 961 158 14:02 0 255 28 392 212 243 748 960 160 14:02 126 255 236 377 7 2 80 2894

PAGE 107

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 157 14:02 0 255 836 322 39 238 748 962 158 14:02 0 255 504 315 40 253 748 961 159 14:02 0 255 372 391 236 248 972 963 158 14:02 0 255 264 322 50 243 864 962 159 14:02 0 255 840 316 51 2 956 961 160 14:02 0 255 824 392 247 253 64 1000 162 14:03 126 255 124 375 18 42 192 283 159 14:03 0 255 604 321 62 243 980 962 160 14:03 0 255 156 315 75 2 64 1001 161 14:03 0 255 140 391 3 253 180 1000 163 14:03 126 255 580 375 18 62 192 282 161 14:03 0 255 612 315 87 12 180 1001 162 14:03 0 255 484 392 33 2 408 1000 164 14:03 126 255 16 376 30 82 304 282 162 14:03 0 255 844 316 111 12 408 1001 163 14:03 0 255 828 391 45 7 524 1000 165 14:03 126 255 588 376 30 107 304 283 162 14:03 0 255 612 322 121 2 524 1002 163 14:03 0 255 272 315 122 17 524 1001 164 14:03 0 255 148 392 68 12 748 1000 166 14:03 126 255 20 376 30 127 304 283 163 14:03 0 255 40 322 132 7 640 1002 164 14:03 0 255 616 315 144 22 748 1001 165 14:03 0 255 600 391 79 17 864 1000 167 14:03 126 255 476 376 41 147 416 2895

PAGE 108

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 164 14:03 0 255 380 322 143 7 756 1001 166 14:03 0 255 940 392 91 17 980 1000 168 14:03 126 255 20 376 41 172 416 283 165 14:03 0 255 724 322 167 12 980 1002 166 14:03 0 255 388 315 167 32 980 1001 167 14:03 0 255 260 392 115 22 184 1040 169 14:03 126 255 480 376 52 192 528 283 166 14:03 0 255 156 322 179 22 72 1042 167 14:04 0 255 620 315 191 32 184 1041 168 14:04 0 255 716 392 126 32 300 1040 170 14:04 126 255 940 377 52 212 528 283 167 14:04 0 255 388 322 201 22 300 1042 168 14:04 0 255 48 315 203 37 300 1040 171 14:04 126 255 372 376 64 232 640 282 169 14:04 0 255 392 315 226 42 524 1041 170 14:04 0 255 376 392 161 37 640 1040 172 14:04 126 255 828 376 64 252 640 283 169 14:04 0 255 156 322 236 27 640 1042 170 14:04 0 255 732 315 237 42 640 1040 173 14:04 126 255 372 376 64 21 640 281 172 14:04 0 255 36 392 202 42 984 1040 174 14:04 126 255 832 376 76 41 752 283 171 14:04 0 255 956 322 4 42 872 1042 172 14:04 0 255 396 316 16 52 984 1041 173 14:04 0 255 492 391 214 52 76 10896

PAGE 109

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 175 14:04 126 255 268 377 76 61 752 283 172 14:04 0 255 164 322 27 42 76 1081 174 14:04 0 255 724 392 236 52 300 1080 176 14:04 126 255 724 376 88 81 864 283 173 14:04 0 255 616 322 39 47 192 1082 174 14:04 0 255 168 315 51 62 300 1081 175 14:04 0 255 152 392 248 57 416 1080 177 14:05 126 255 156 376 88 101 864 283 174 14:05 0 255 956 322 61 47 416 1082 175 14:05 0 255 508 315 62 62 416 1081 176 14:05 0 255 492 391 22 57 644 1080 178 14:05 126 255 724 376 88 126 864 283 175 14:05 0 255 276 321 73 52 532 1082 176 14:05 0 255 848 315 73 72 532 1081 177 14:05 0 255 948 391 33 67 760 1080 179 14:05 126 255 48 376 100 141 976 283 176 14:05 0 255 732 322 85 62 648 1082 177 14:05 0 255 168 315 96 77 760 1081 178 14:05 0 255 268 392 45 72 876 1080 180 14:05 126 255 508 376 100 161 976 282 178 14:05 0 255 508 316 108 77 876 1081 179 14:05 0 255 612 392 69 77 76 1120 181 14:05 126 255 964 377 111 181 64 323 178 14:05 0 255 392 322 120 67 992 1082 179 14:05 0 255 852 315 131 82 76 11297

PAGE 110

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 180 14:05 0 255 952 392 81 77 192 1120 182 14:05 126 255 504 376 111 206 64 322 180 14:05 0 255 168 315 143 82 192 1121 181 14:05 0 255 268 391 110 77 420 1120 183 14:05 126 255 964 376 111 226 64 323 180 14:05 0 255 56 322 153 77 308 1122 181 14:05 0 255 624 315 155 92 308 1121 182 14:05 0 255 724 392 122 87 536 1120 184 14:05 126 255 400 376 123 246 176 323 181 14:05 0 255 400 321 164 82 424 1122 182 14:06 0 255 968 315 179 97 536 1120 185 14:06 126 255 860 376 123 10 176 323 182 14:06 0 255 740 322 186 82 652 1122 183 14:06 0 255 284 315 191 97 652 1121 184 14:06 0 255 388 392 156 97 876 1120 186 14:06 126 255 400 376 135 35 288 322 184 14:06 0 255 628 315 215 102 876 1121 185 14:06 0 255 728 392 168 97 992 1120 187 14:06 126 255 856 376 135 55 288 323 184 14:06 0 255 400 322 221 87 992 1122 185 14:06 0 255 56 315 227 107 992 1121 186 14:06 0 255 44 392 198 97 196 1160 188 14:06 126 255 292 376 147 75 400 323 185 14:06 0 255 856 322 233 97 84 1162 186 14:06 0 255 400 315 249 112 196 11698

PAGE 111

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 187 14:06 0 255 500 392 210 107 312 1160 189 14:06 126 255 752 376 147 95 400 323 186 14:06 0 255 176 322 245 102 200 1161 188 14:06 0 255 844 392 222 112 428 1163 187 14:06 0 255 516 322 12 102 428 1162 188 14:06 0 255 172 315 17 122 428 1161 189 14:06 0 255 164 391 245 117 652 1160 191 14:06 126 255 752 376 159 140 512 323 188 14:06 0 255 968 322 23 107 544 1162 189 14:06 0 255 404 315 40 122 652 1161 190 14:06 0 255 612 392 1 117 768 1160 192 14:07 126 255 184 376 159 160 512 323 189 14:07 0 255 176 322 46 107 768 1162 190 14:07 0 255 856 315 52 127 768 1161 191 14:07 0 255 960 391 24 117 996 1160 193 14:07 126 255 644 376 171 180 624 323 190 14:07 0 255 748 322 58 117 884 1162 191 14:07 0 255 176 315 94 132 88 1201 192 14:07 0 255 392 392 36 127 88 1200 194 14:07 126 255 80 376 171 200 624 323 191 14:07 0 255 68 322 82 122 88 1202 192 14:07 0 255 520 315 105 137 204 1200 195 14:07 126 255 648 376 171 225 624 321 194 14:07 0 255 56 392 69 137 428 1200 196 14:07 126 255 80 377 183 245 736 3299

PAGE 112

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 193 14:07 0 255 860 322 106 127 320 1202 194 14:07 0 255 180 316 141 142 544 1201 195 14:07 0 255 504 391 81 137 544 1200 197 14:07 126 255 536 377 183 9 736 322 195 14:07 0 255 632 315 153 147 660 1201 196 14:07 0 255 736 392 110 137 772 1200 198 14:07 126 255 996 376 195 29 848 323 195 14:07 0 255 524 322 141 137 660 1202 196 14:07 0 255 976 315 177 152 888 1200 199 14:07 126 255 544 376 195 54 848 323 196 14:07 0 255 868 323 164 142 888 1202 197 14:08 0 255 296 315 188 157 1004 1201 198 14:08 0 255 512 392 145 152 88 1240 200 14:08 126 255 1000 377 195 74 848 323 197 14:08 0 255 184 322 176 142 1004 1201 199 14:08 0 255 964 392 156 157 204 1240 201 14:08 126 255 432 376 207 94 960 323 198 14:08 0 255 636 322 188 147 96 1241 200 14:08 0 255 280 392 167 157 320 1240 202 14:08 126 255 888 376 207 114 960 321 201 14:08 0 255 624 392 189 162 548 1240 203 14:08 126 255 324 376 219 134 48 363 200 14:08 0 255 300 322 224 157 436 1242 201 14:08 0 255 752 315 0 172 664 1241 202 14:08 0 255 968 392 201 167 664 124100

PAGE 113

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 204 14:08 126 255 896 376 219 159 48 363 201 14:08 0 255 644 322 246 162 664 1242 202 14:08 0 255 984 315 12 172 780 1241 203 14:08 0 255 288 392 224 172 888 1240 205 14:08 126 255 328 376 219 179 48 362 203 14:08 0 255 412 316 24 177 896 1240 206 14:08 126 255 784 377 231 199 160 363 203 14:08 0 255 412 322 13 167 896 1242 204 14:08 0 255 772 316 47 177 96 1281 205 14:08 0 255 56 392 248 177 96 1280 207 14:09 126 255 328 376 231 224 160 363 204 14:09 0 255 756 322 37 172 96 1282 205 14:09 0 255 92 315 58 182 212 1281 206 14:09 0 255 400 392 22 182 324 1280 208 14:09 126 255 788 377 242 244 272 363 205 14:09 0 255 188 322 48 182 212 1282 206 14:09 0 255 436 316 81 187 440 1281 207 14:09 0 255 516 392 34 182 440 1280 209 14:09 126 255 224 376 242 8 272 363 206 14:09 0 255 420 322 71 182 440 1282 207 14:09 0 255 888 316 93 192 556 1281 208 14:09 0 255 860 392 58 187 664 1280 210 14:09 126 255 680 377 253 28 384 362 208 14:09 0 255 208 315 116 197 780 1281 209 14:09 0 255 288 392 70 192 780 128101

PAGE 114

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 211 14:09 126 255 112 376 253 48 384 363 208 14:09 0 255 188 322 94 187 672 1282 209 14:09 0 255 548 315 128 197 896 1280 212 14:09 126 255 680 376 253 73 384 363 209 14:09 0 255 532 322 118 192 896 1282 210 14:09 0 255 1004 315 140 207 1012 1281 211 14:09 0 255 972 391 112 197 100 1320 213 14:09 126 255 116 377 9 93 496 362 211 14:09 0 255 212 315 163 207 216 1321 212 14:09 0 255 404 392 123 207 216 1320 214 14:09 126 255 576 377 9 113 496 363 211 14:09 0 255 196 322 152 202 216 1322 212 14:10 0 255 664 315 175 212 332 1321 213 14:10 0 255 636 392 146 207 440 1320 215 14:10 126 255 8 376 21 133 608 363 212 14:10 0 255 648 322 163 207 332 1321 214 14:10 0 255 64 392 157 212 556 1320 216 14:10 126 255 464 377 21 153 608 363 213 14:10 0 255 988 322 175 207 448 1321 215 14:10 0 255 404 392 168 212 672 1320 217 14:10 126 255 8 376 21 178 608 363 214 14:10 0 255 308 323 198 212 672 1322 215 14:10 0 255 780 315 221 227 788 1321 216 14:10 0 255 748 392 192 217 900 1320 218 14:10 126 255 468 376 33 198 720 36102

PAGE 115

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 215 14:10 0 255 764 322 209 222 788 1322 216 14:10 0 255 1012 315 244 227 1016 1321 217 14:10 0 255 180 392 203 227 1016 1320 219 14:10 126 255 928 376 33 218 720 363 216 14:10 0 255 996 322 233 222 1016 1322 217 14:10 0 255 440 315 0 232 108 1361 218 14:10 0 255 412 391 225 227 216 1363 217 14:10 0 255 424 322 245 227 108 1362 218 14:10 0 255 784 316 24 237 332 1361 219 14:10 0 255 864 392 237 232 332 1360 221 14:10 126 255 924 376 45 7 832 363 218 14:10 0 255 764 322 13 227 332 1362 219 14:10 0 255 100 315 36 237 448 1361 220 14:10 0 255 180 392 11 232 560 1360 222 14:11 126 255 360 376 45 27 832 363 219 14:11 0 255 84 322 25 232 448 1362 220 14:11 0 255 556 316 47 247 564 1361 221 14:11 0 255 636 392 22 242 676 1360 223 14:11 126 255 820 376 56 47 944 362 221 14:11 0 255 900 315 71 252 792 1361 222 14:11 0 255 980 392 34 247 792 1360 224 14:11 126 255 256 376 56 67 944 363 221 14:11 0 255 772 322 60 242 792 1362 222 14:11 0 255 216 315 82 252 908 1361 223 14:11 0 255 300 392 58 252 1016 136103

PAGE 116

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 225 14:11 126 255 712 376 67 87 32 403 222 14:11 0 255 200 322 72 247 908 1362 223 14:11 0 255 560 315 105 1 108 1401 224 14:11 0 255 640 392 69 252 108 1400 226 14:11 126 255 252 376 67 112 32 403 223 14:11 0 255 540 322 96 247 108 1402 224 14:11 0 255 784 315 116 1 224 1400 227 14:11 126 255 712 376 67 132 32 403 224 14:11 0 255 884 322 107 252 224 1402 225 14:11 0 255 216 315 128 11 340 1401 226 14:11 0 255 412 392 103 6 452 1400 228 14:11 126 255 148 377 79 152 144 403 225 14:11 0 255 316 322 118 6 340 1402 226 14:11 0 255 560 315 152 16 568 1400 229 14:11 126 255 716 376 79 177 144 403 226 14:11 0 255 656 322 141 6 568 1402 227 14:11 0 255 900 315 164 16 684 1401 228 14:12 0 255 984 392 139 16 792 1400 230 14:12 126 255 148 376 91 197 256 403 227 14:12 0 255 84 322 152 11 684 1402 228 14:12 0 255 220 316 186 21 908 1401 229 14:12 0 255 300 392 150 16 908 1400 231 14:12 126 255 604 376 91 217 256 403 228 14:12 0 255 316 322 175 11 908 1402 229 14:12 0 255 788 315 197 26 0 144104

PAGE 117

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 230 14:12 0 255 756 392 180 16 112 1443 229 14:12 0 255 772 322 205 21 116 1440 232 14:12 126 255 156 377 102 242 368 402 230 14:12 0 255 108 315 220 31 228 1441 231 14:12 0 255 188 392 192 26 228 1443 230 14:12 0 255 92 322 216 26 232 1440 233 14:12 126 255 616 376 102 6 368 402 231 14:12 0 255 452 315 231 36 344 1440 234 14:12 126 255 160 376 102 31 368 402 232 14:12 0 255 904 315 242 41 460 1441 233 14:12 0 255 876 392 228 36 568 1443 232 14:12 0 255 884 322 249 31 576 1440 235 14:12 126 255 616 376 114 51 480 402 233 14:12 0 255 112 315 8 41 684 1441 234 14:12 0 255 300 392 240 36 684 1443 233 14:12 0 255 92 322 16 31 800 1440 236 14:12 126 255 48 376 114 71 480 401 235 14:12 0 255 532 392 14 36 912 1443 234 14:13 0 255 548 323 27 41 916 1440 237 14:13 126 255 508 376 125 91 592 402 235 14:13 0 255 908 316 43 51 4 1481 236 14:13 0 255 988 392 25 46 4 1483 235 14:13 0 255 892 322 38 46 8 1482 236 14:13 0 255 228 315 55 56 120 1483 236 14:13 0 255 208 322 60 46 236 148105

PAGE 118

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 239 14:13 126 255 512 376 125 136 592 401 238 14:13 0 255 652 392 60 56 344 1483 237 14:13 0 255 660 322 72 51 352 1480 240 14:13 126 255 968 376 136 156 704 402 238 14:13 0 255 912 315 90 61 460 1481 239 14:13 0 255 76 392 72 56 460 1483 238 14:13 0 255 892 323 96 51 576 1480 241 14:13 126 255 400 377 136 176 704 402 239 14:13 0 255 340 316 102 66 576 1481 240 14:13 0 255 308 392 101 56 688 1483 239 14:13 0 255 324 322 108 61 692 1480 242 14:13 126 255 860 376 147 196 816 401 241 14:13 0 255 764 392 113 66 804 1483 240 14:13 0 255 668 322 131 66 920 1480 243 14:13 126 255 408 376 147 221 816 402 241 14:13 0 255 4 315 137 76 920 1481 242 14:13 0 255 84 392 137 71 4 1523 241 14:13 0 255 1008 322 142 66 12 1520 244 14:13 126 255 864 376 147 241 816 402 242 14:13 0 255 456 316 149 81 12 1521 243 14:14 0 255 536 391 149 76 120 1523 242 14:14 0 255 436 323 154 71 128 1520 245 14:14 126 255 296 376 159 5 928 402 243 14:14 0 255 796 315 172 81 236 1521 244 14:14 0 255 876 392 160 76 236 152106

PAGE 119

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 243 14:14 0 255 668 322 178 71 352 1520 246 14:14 126 255 752 376 159 25 928 402 244 14:14 0 255 116 315 184 86 352 1521 245 14:14 0 255 196 392 183 81 464 1523 244 14:14 0 255 100 323 190 81 468 1520 247 14:14 126 255 76 377 171 40 16 441 246 14:14 0 255 540 392 195 86 580 1523 245 14:14 0 255 444 322 214 86 696 1520 248 14:14 126 255 648 376 171 65 16 441 247 14:14 0 255 884 392 218 91 804 1523 246 14:14 0 255 668 323 226 86 812 1520 249 14:14 126 255 80 376 171 85 16 442 247 14:14 0 255 232 315 230 101 812 1521 248 14:14 0 255 312 392 230 96 920 1523 247 14:14 0 255 96 322 237 91 928 1520 250 14:14 126 255 536 376 183 105 128 442 248 14:14 0 255 572 315 253 101 12 1561 249 14:14 0 255 652 392 241 96 12 1563 248 14:14 0 255 440 322 4 96 128 1560 251 14:14 126 255 80 377 183 130 128 442 249 14:14 0 255 916 315 9 106 128 1561 250 14:14 0 255 996 392 15 101 240 1563 249 14:14 0 255 896 322 16 106 244 1560 252 14:15 126 255 540 377 194 150 240 442 250 14:15 0 255 236 316 32 111 356 156107

PAGE 120

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 251 14:15 0 255 316 392 27 106 356 1563 250 14:15 0 255 104 322 40 106 472 1560 253 14:15 126 255 1000 376 194 170 240 442 251 14:15 0 255 688 315 44 116 472 1561 252 14:15 0 255 660 392 50 111 580 1563 251 14:15 0 255 556 322 52 111 588 1562 252 14:15 0 255 8 315 67 121 696 1561 253 14:15 0 255 88 392 62 116 696 1563 252 14:15 0 255 896 323 63 111 704 1560 255 14:15 126 255 888 377 206 210 352 442 253 14:15 0 255 348 315 79 121 812 1561 254 14:15 0 255 428 392 73 116 812 1563 253 14:15 0 255 216 322 87 116 928 1560 256 14:15 126 255 432 376 206 235 352 442 254 14:15 0 255 804 316 90 131 928 1563 254 14:15 0 255 672 323 98 126 20 1600 257 14:15 126 255 892 376 218 255 464 442 255 14:15 0 255 12 315 112 131 132 1601 256 14:15 0 255 204 392 114 131 132 1600 258 14:15 126 255 328 376 218 19 464 442 256 14:15 0 255 464 315 123 136 248 1601 257 14:15 0 255 436 392 137 131 356 1603 256 14:15 0 255 332 323 133 131 364 1600 259 14:15 126 255 784 376 230 39 576 442 257 14:15 0 255 808 315 147 141 472 160108

PAGE 121

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 257 14:16 0 255 672 322 145 131 480 1600 260 14:16 126 255 216 376 230 59 576 442 258 14:16 0 255 124 316 159 141 588 1601 259 14:16 0 255 204 392 160 136 588 1603 258 14:16 0 255 1016 323 168 136 704 1600 261 14:16 126 255 784 376 230 84 576 442 259 14:16 0 255 580 315 171 151 704 1601 260 14:16 0 255 548 392 189 141 816 1603 259 14:16 0 255 448 322 180 146 820 1600 262 14:16 126 255 108 376 241 99 688 442 260 14:16 0 255 812 316 195 151 932 1601 261 14:16 0 255 1004 391 201 151 932 1603 260 14:16 0 255 680 323 203 146 24 1640 263 14:16 126 255 456 376 241 114 688 441 262 14:16 0 255 212 392 224 151 132 1643 261 14:16 0 255 108 322 214 151 140 1640 264 14:16 126 255 912 376 253 134 800 442 262 14:16 0 255 584 316 230 161 248 1640 265 14:16 126 255 452 377 253 159 800 441 264 14:16 0 255 1004 392 9 156 476 1643 263 14:16 0 255 792 322 248 156 480 1640 266 14:16 126 255 912 376 253 179 800 442 264 14:16 0 255 356 316 252 171 480 1641 265 14:16 0 255 436 392 21 166 592 1643 264 14:16 0 255 224 323 3 166 596 164109

PAGE 122

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 267 14:17 126 255 348 376 9 199 912 442 265 14:17 0 255 700 315 20 176 708 1641 266 14:17 0 255 780 392 33 171 708 1643 265 14:17 0 255 456 322 26 166 824 1640 268 14:17 126 255 808 377 9 219 912 442 266 14:17 0 255 16 315 32 176 824 1641 267 14:17 0 255 100 392 56 176 932 1640 269 14:17 126 255 240 376 20 239 0 482 267 14:17 0 255 496 316 56 181 24 1681 268 14:17 0 255 556 392 67 176 24 1683 267 14:17 0 255 224 322 78 171 256 1680 270 14:17 126 255 804 376 20 8 0 482 268 14:17 0 255 836 315 68 181 140 1681 269 14:17 0 255 896 391 97 176 252 1683 268 14:17 0 255 568 323 89 176 372 1680 271 14:17 126 255 240 376 32 28 112 482 269 14:17 0 255 268 315 79 191 256 1681 270 14:17 0 255 328 392 108 186 368 1683 269 14:17 0 255 908 322 101 186 488 1680 272 14:17 126 255 700 376 32 48 112 482 270 14:17 0 255 612 316 103 196 484 1681 271 14:17 0 255 672 392 120 191 484 1683 270 14:17 0 255 0 322 124 186 716 1680 273 14:17 126 255 244 376 32 73 112 482 271 14:17 0 255 952 315 115 196 600 168110

PAGE 123

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 272 14:17 0 255 1016 392 143 196 708 1683 271 14:17 0 255 452 322 136 191 832 1680 274 14:17 126 255 700 376 44 93 224 482 272 14:17 0 255 272 316 137 201 824 1681 273 14:18 0 255 332 392 154 196 824 1683 272 14:18 0 255 792 323 160 191 32 1720 275 14:18 126 255 132 376 44 113 224 482 273 14:18 0 255 724 315 148 206 940 1681 274 14:18 0 255 672 392 183 196 28 1723 273 14:18 0 255 112 322 172 196 148 1720 276 14:18 126 255 592 376 55 133 336 482 274 14:18 0 255 44 316 172 211 144 1721 275 14:18 0 255 104 392 195 206 144 1720 277 14:18 126 255 28 376 55 153 336 482 275 14:18 0 255 388 315 183 216 260 1721 276 14:18 0 255 448 392 206 211 260 1723 275 14:18 0 255 908 322 206 206 492 1720 278 14:18 126 255 596 377 55 178 336 482 276 14:18 0 255 840 316 194 221 376 1721 277 14:18 0 255 792 391 230 216 484 1723 276 14:18 0 255 336 323 218 211 608 1720 279 14:18 126 255 28 376 67 198 448 482 277 14:18 0 255 48 316 217 221 600 1723 277 14:18 0 255 568 322 241 211 832 1720 280 14:18 126 255 484 376 67 218 448 48111

PAGE 124

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 278 14:18 0 255 500 316 229 226 716 1721 279 14:18 0 255 448 392 15 216 828 1723 278 14:18 0 255 0 323 252 221 948 1722 279 14:18 0 255 844 316 253 231 944 1721 280 14:18 0 255 904 391 27 226 944 1723 279 14:18 0 255 344 322 7 226 40 1762 280 14:19 0 255 164 316 9 236 36 1761 281 14:19 0 255 224 392 38 231 36 1763 280 14:19 0 255 684 323 31 226 268 1760 283 14:19 126 255 948 377 78 27 560 482 281 14:19 0 255 616 315 21 241 152 1761 282 14:19 0 255 568 391 61 236 260 1763 281 14:19 0 255 112 322 42 231 384 1760 284 14:19 126 255 380 376 89 47 672 482 282 14:19 0 255 848 316 43 241 376 1761 283 14:19 0 255 900 392 72 236 376 1763 282 14:19 0 255 344 323 64 231 608 1760 285 14:19 126 255 836 376 89 67 672 482 283 14:19 0 255 276 316 55 246 492 1761 284 14:19 0 255 108 392 101 236 604 1763 283 14:19 0 255 800 322 76 241 724 1760 286 14:19 126 255 272 376 101 87 784 482 284 14:19 0 255 620 316 79 251 720 1761 285 14:19 0 255 564 392 112 246 720 1763 284 14:19 0 255 120 323 88 246 840 176112

PAGE 125

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 287 14:19 126 255 844 377 101 112 784 482 285 14:19 0 255 964 315 91 0 836 1761 286 14:19 0 255 908 392 135 251 944 1763 285 14:19 0 255 460 322 111 246 44 1800 288 14:19 126 255 276 376 101 132 784 482 286 14:19 0 255 392 316 103 5 952 1761 287 14:19 0 255 336 391 146 0 36 1803 286 14:19 0 255 912 323 123 251 160 1800 289 14:19 126 255 732 376 113 152 896 482 287 14:19 0 255 732 315 125 5 152 1801 288 14:20 0 255 676 392 158 0 152 1803 287 14:20 0 255 120 322 147 251 384 1800 290 14:20 126 255 276 377 113 177 896 482 288 14:20 0 255 52 316 136 10 268 1801 289 14:20 0 255 1020 391 187 5 380 1803 288 14:20 0 255 576 323 158 5 500 1800 291 14:20 126 255 736 376 124 197 1008 482 289 14:20 0 255 396 316 159 15 496 1801 290 14:20 0 255 360 392 199 10 496 1803 289 14:20 0 255 920 323 181 10 728 1800 292 14:20 126 255 172 376 124 217 1008 481 291 14:20 0 255 704 392 222 15 720 1803 290 14:20 0 255 236 323 193 10 844 1800 293 14:20 126 255 628 376 136 237 96 522 291 14:20 0 255 168 316 183 25 728 180113

PAGE 126

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 292 14:20 0 255 132 392 234 20 836 1800 294 14:20 126 255 60 376 136 1 96 522 292 14:20 0 255 508 316 206 25 952 1801 293 14:20 0 255 472 391 245 20 952 1803 292 14:20 0 255 920 323 229 15 160 1840 295 14:20 126 255 628 376 136 26 96 523 293 14:20 0 255 352 323 241 25 276 1840 296 14:20 126 255 64 376 148 46 208 522 294 14:20 0 255 172 316 241 35 272 1841 295 14:20 0 255 136 392 31 30 272 1840 297 14:21 126 255 524 376 148 66 208 522 295 14:21 0 255 624 316 253 40 388 1840 298 14:21 126 255 980 376 160 86 320 522 296 14:21 0 255 968 315 21 45 612 1841 297 14:21 0 255 932 391 66 40 612 1843 296 14:21 0 255 464 323 31 35 736 1840 299 14:21 126 255 412 376 160 106 320 522 297 14:21 0 255 284 316 32 45 728 1841 298 14:21 0 255 248 392 77 40 728 1840 300 14:21 126 255 980 376 160 131 320 523 298 14:21 0 255 240 323 66 50 52 1880 301 14:21 126 255 416 376 172 151 432 522 299 14:21 0 255 972 315 67 55 48 1881 300 14:21 0 255 24 392 119 55 48 1883 299 14:21 0 255 472 323 89 50 280 188114

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 302 14:21 126 255 876 376 172 171 432 522 300 14:21 0 255 400 316 78 60 164 1881 301 14:21 0 255 256 391 142 55 272 1883 300 14:21 0 255 924 323 100 55 396 1880 303 14:21 126 255 308 376 183 191 544 522 301 14:21 0 255 744 315 102 65 388 1880 304 14:21 126 255 872 376 183 216 544 522 302 14:21 0 255 60 316 113 65 504 1881 303 14:22 0 255 24 392 165 60 504 1883 302 14:22 0 255 584 323 134 60 736 1880 305 14:22 126 255 308 376 183 236 544 522 303 14:22 0 255 516 316 125 75 620 1881 304 14:22 0 255 368 392 194 65 732 1883 303 14:22 0 255 16 322 146 70 852 1880 306 14:22 126 255 768 376 194 0 656 522 304 14:22 0 255 748 315 147 75 848 1881 305 14:22 0 255 824 391 206 75 848 1883 304 14:22 0 255 248 323 169 70 56 1920 307 14:22 126 255 204 376 194 20 656 521 306 14:22 0 255 32 391 228 75 48 1923 305 14:22 0 255 700 323 181 75 172 1920 308 14:22 126 255 660 377 206 40 768 522 306 14:22 0 255 520 316 182 85 164 1921 307 14:22 0 255 484 392 240 80 164 1923 306 14:22 0 255 16 323 193 75 288 192115

PAGE 128

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 309 14:22 126 255 200 376 206 65 768 522 307 14:22 0 255 860 316 193 85 280 1921 308 14:22 0 255 824 392 14 80 392 1923 307 14:22 0 255 360 323 216 80 512 1920 310 14:22 126 255 660 376 206 85 768 522 308 14:22 0 255 292 315 204 95 396 1921 309 14:22 0 255 256 392 25 90 508 1923 308 14:22 0 255 816 323 228 90 628 1920 311 14:22 126 255 96 376 217 105 880 521 310 14:22 0 255 600 392 37 95 624 1923 309 14:22 0 255 24 323 252 90 856 1920 312 14:23 126 255 664 376 217 130 880 522 310 14:23 0 255 976 316 239 100 740 1921 311 14:23 0 255 944 392 61 100 848 1923 310 14:23 0 255 476 323 7 95 972 1920 313 14:23 126 255 96 376 229 150 992 522 311 14:23 0 255 296 316 7 105 964 1923 311 14:23 0 255 816 322 30 95 172 1960 314 14:23 126 255 552 376 229 170 992 522 312 14:23 0 255 636 315 18 105 56 1963 312 14:23 0 255 136 323 41 100 288 1960 315 14:23 126 255 1012 376 241 190 80 561 314 14:23 0 255 32 392 115 110 284 1963 313 14:23 0 255 592 323 52 110 404 1960 316 14:23 126 255 448 377 241 210 80 56116

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 314 14:23 0 255 412 316 52 120 400 1961 315 14:23 0 255 376 391 127 115 400 1962 315 14:23 0 255 752 316 63 120 516 1961 316 14:23 0 255 720 392 151 120 624 1963 315 14:23 0 255 252 323 86 115 748 1960 318 14:23 126 255 448 376 252 255 192 562 316 14:23 0 255 72 316 86 125 740 1961 317 14:23 0 255 36 391 162 120 740 1963 316 14:23 0 255 592 323 110 115 972 1960 319 14:23 126 255 904 376 252 19 192 562 317 14:23 0 255 412 316 98 125 856 1961 318 14:24 0 255 376 392 192 120 968 1963 317 14:24 0 255 956 323 122 120 64 2000 320 14:24 126 255 340 376 8 39 304 562 318 14:24 0 255 868 316 109 135 972 1961 319 14:24 0 255 832 391 204 130 60 2003 318 14:24 0 255 388 323 134 130 180 2000 321 14:24 126 255 800 376 8 59 304 562 319 14:24 0 255 188 316 133 140 176 2001 320 14:24 0 255 152 392 215 135 176 2000 322 14:24 126 255 344 377 8 84 304 563 320 14:24 0 255 272 323 170 135 524 2000 323 14:24 126 255 800 377 19 104 416 562 321 14:24 0 255 988 316 167 145 516 2001 322 14:24 0 255 944 392 11 140 632 200117

PAGE 130

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 321 14:24 0 255 504 323 192 135 748 2002 322 14:24 0 255 416 315 179 150 632 2001 323 14:24 0 255 152 391 41 140 860 2003 322 14:24 0 255 960 323 203 145 864 2000 325 14:24 126 255 692 377 31 144 528 562 323 14:24 0 255 760 316 202 155 860 2001 324 14:24 0 255 608 392 52 150 976 2003 323 14:24 0 255 280 323 214 150 980 2000 326 14:24 126 255 240 377 31 169 528 562 324 14:24 0 255 80 316 213 160 976 2001 325 14:24 0 255 952 392 63 155 68 2043 324 14:24 0 255 620 323 236 150 184 2040 327 14:25 126 255 696 376 31 189 528 562 325 14:25 0 255 532 316 225 165 68 2041 326 14:25 0 255 272 392 85 160 292 2043 325 14:25 0 255 48 323 248 155 300 2040 328 14:25 126 255 128 376 42 209 640 562 326 14:25 0 255 764 316 248 165 292 2041 327 14:25 0 255 720 392 97 160 408 2043 326 14:25 0 255 280 323 15 155 524 2040 329 14:25 126 255 584 376 42 229 640 562 327 14:25 0 255 192 316 4 170 408 2041 328 14:25 0 255 952 392 127 160 636 2043 327 14:25 0 255 620 323 27 165 640 2040 330 14:25 126 255 20 377 54 249 752 56118

PAGE 131

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 328 14:25 0 255 536 315 26 175 636 2041 329 14:25 0 255 384 392 138 170 752 2043 328 14:25 0 255 964 323 39 170 756 2040 331 14:25 126 255 592 376 54 18 752 562 329 14:25 0 255 880 315 38 180 752 2041 330 14:25 0 255 728 392 161 175 976 2043 329 14:25 0 255 280 323 63 170 984 2040 332 14:25 126 255 24 377 54 38 752 562 330 14:25 0 255 308 316 50 185 868 2041 331 14:25 0 255 156 391 172 180 68 2083 330 14:25 0 255 732 323 74 175 76 2080 333 14:25 126 255 480 377 66 58 864 563 331 14:25 0 255 964 323 98 175 300 2080 334 14:25 126 255 24 376 66 83 864 562 332 14:25 0 255 876 316 84 190 184 2081 333 14:26 0 255 840 392 214 185 412 2083 332 14:26 0 255 396 323 109 185 416 2080 335 14:26 126 255 484 376 77 103 976 562 333 14:26 0 255 196 316 114 195 412 2081 334 14:26 0 255 160 392 225 190 528 2083 333 14:26 0 255 740 323 120 190 532 2080 336 14:26 126 255 944 376 77 123 976 562 334 14:26 0 255 540 316 125 200 528 2081 335 14:26 0 255 504 392 248 195 752 2083 334 14:26 0 255 56 323 144 190 760 208119

PAGE 132

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 337 14:26 126 255 376 377 89 143 64 602 335 14:26 0 255 992 316 137 205 644 2083 335 14:26 0 255 508 322 156 195 876 2080 338 14:26 126 255 832 377 89 163 64 602 336 14:26 0 255 308 316 161 205 868 2081 337 14:26 0 255 272 391 15 200 984 2083 336 14:26 0 255 740 323 180 195 76 2120 339 14:26 126 255 376 376 89 188 64 601 338 14:26 0 255 616 391 44 205 188 2123 337 14:26 0 255 172 323 192 205 192 2122 338 14:26 0 255 996 316 195 215 188 2121 339 14:26 0 255 960 391 56 210 304 2123 338 14:26 0 255 516 323 214 210 420 2122 339 14:26 0 255 316 316 206 220 304 2121 340 14:26 0 255 280 392 80 215 528 2123 339 14:26 0 255 856 323 225 210 536 2120 342 14:27 126 255 728 377 111 248 288 602 340 14:27 0 255 768 316 218 225 420 2121 341 14:27 0 255 732 391 92 220 644 2123 340 14:27 0 255 284 323 237 215 652 2120 343 14:27 126 255 160 376 111 12 288 602 341 14:27 0 255 84 315 242 225 644 2123 341 14:27 0 255 516 323 5 215 876 2120 344 14:27 126 255 728 376 111 37 288 602 342 14:27 0 255 428 315 253 230 760 212120

PAGE 133

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 343 14:27 0 255 392 391 134 225 988 2120 345 14:27 126 255 52 377 122 52 400 602 343 14:27 0 255 772 316 20 235 988 2123 343 14:27 0 255 292 322 41 230 196 2160 346 14:27 126 255 512 376 122 72 400 602 344 14:27 0 255 200 316 32 240 80 2161 345 14:27 0 255 56 392 167 235 304 2163 344 14:27 0 255 632 323 52 230 312 2160 347 14:27 126 255 968 376 133 92 512 602 345 14:27 0 255 544 316 56 245 304 2161 346 14:27 0 255 508 391 179 240 420 2163 345 14:27 0 255 60 323 64 235 428 2160 348 14:27 126 255 508 376 133 117 512 602 346 14:27 0 255 884 316 68 245 420 2161 347 14:27 0 255 848 392 190 240 536 2163 346 14:27 0 255 404 323 88 240 652 2160 349 14:27 126 255 968 376 133 137 512 602 347 14:27 0 255 316 316 79 255 536 2161 348 14:28 0 255 168 392 219 245 764 2163 347 14:28 0 255 860 323 100 250 768 2160 350 14:28 126 255 404 377 145 157 624 602 348 14:28 0 255 548 316 102 255 764 2161 349 14:28 0 255 624 391 231 255 880 2160 351 14:28 126 255 864 376 145 177 624 602 349 14:28 0 255 1000 315 114 4 880 216121

PAGE 134

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 349 14:28 0 255 404 323 135 255 88 2200 352 14:28 126 255 180 376 157 192 736 602 350 14:28 0 255 204 316 138 9 80 2201 351 14:28 0 255 172 391 9 255 196 2203 350 14:28 0 255 744 323 146 255 204 2200 353 14:28 126 255 744 376 157 217 736 602 351 14:28 0 255 544 316 150 9 196 2201 352 14:28 0 255 512 392 39 255 424 2203 351 14:28 0 255 64 323 168 4 428 2200 354 14:28 126 255 180 376 157 237 736 601 353 14:28 0 255 968 392 51 9 540 2200 355 14:28 126 255 640 376 168 1 848 601 354 14:28 0 255 288 392 62 14 656 2200 356 14:28 126 255 184 376 168 26 848 602 354 14:28 0 255 660 316 197 24 656 2201 355 14:28 0 255 632 391 86 19 880 2203 354 14:28 0 255 180 323 215 19 888 2200 357 14:29 126 255 640 376 179 46 960 602 355 14:29 0 255 1004 316 220 29 880 2201 356 14:29 0 255 972 391 97 19 996 2203 355 14:29 0 255 520 323 226 19 1004 2200 358 14:29 126 255 72 376 179 66 960 602 356 14:29 0 255 320 316 232 29 996 2201 357 14:29 0 255 288 391 121 19 200 2243 356 14:29 0 255 864 323 249 24 204 224122

PAGE 135

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 359 14:29 126 255 532 376 191 86 48 642 357 14:29 0 255 776 316 243 39 88 2241 358 14:29 0 255 632 392 133 24 316 2243 357 14:29 0 255 296 323 4 34 320 2240 360 14:29 126 255 992 377 191 106 48 642 358 14:29 0 255 96 316 11 44 316 2241 359 14:29 0 255 976 392 145 29 432 2243 358 14:29 0 255 528 323 26 34 548 2240 361 14:29 126 255 536 377 191 131 48 642 359 14:29 0 255 436 316 22 44 432 2241 360 14:29 0 255 296 392 168 34 656 2243 359 14:29 0 255 980 323 37 39 664 2242 360 14:29 0 255 780 316 46 49 656 2243 360 14:29 0 255 296 323 60 39 888 2240 363 14:29 126 255 424 376 203 171 160 642 361 14:29 0 255 96 316 58 49 772 2241 362 14:29 0 255 976 392 209 34 1000 2243 361 14:29 0 255 640 323 72 44 1004 2240 364 14:29 126 255 884 376 214 191 272 642 362 14:29 0 255 552 316 69 59 888 2241 363 14:30 0 255 408 391 220 44 92 2283 362 14:30 0 255 72 323 84 54 96 2280 365 14:30 126 255 432 377 214 216 272 641 364 14:30 0 255 752 392 231 49 208 2283 363 14:30 0 255 304 323 107 54 324 228123

PAGE 136

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 366 14:30 126 255 888 376 214 236 272 641 365 14:30 0 255 72 391 255 54 432 2280 367 14:30 126 255 320 376 226 0 384 641 366 14:30 0 255 520 392 10 54 548 2280 368 14:30 126 255 776 376 226 20 384 642 366 14:30 0 255 1008 316 138 74 548 2281 367 14:30 0 255 752 392 39 54 776 2283 366 14:30 0 255 416 323 154 64 780 2280 369 14:30 126 255 212 376 238 40 496 642 367 14:30 0 255 328 316 161 79 776 2281 368 14:30 0 255 184 392 50 64 892 2283 367 14:30 0 255 872 323 166 74 896 2280 370 14:30 126 255 784 376 238 65 496 642 368 14:30 0 255 672 316 172 84 892 2281 369 14:30 0 255 528 391 62 69 1008 2283 368 14:30 0 255 188 324 189 74 100 2320 371 14:30 126 255 216 377 238 85 496 642 369 14:30 0 255 100 316 184 89 1008 2283 369 14:30 0 255 640 323 201 79 216 2320 372 14:31 126 255 672 376 249 105 608 642 370 14:31 0 255 332 316 208 89 208 2320 373 14:31 126 255 216 376 249 130 608 642 371 14:31 0 255 784 316 220 94 324 2321 372 14:31 0 255 640 392 127 79 552 2323 371 14:31 0 255 304 323 236 89 556 232124

PAGE 137

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 374 14:31 126 255 676 377 5 150 720 642 372 14:31 0 255 104 316 244 99 552 2321 373 14:31 0 255 984 392 138 84 668 2323 372 14:31 0 255 648 323 248 94 672 2320 375 14:31 126 255 112 376 5 170 720 641 374 14:31 0 255 304 392 161 89 892 2323 373 14:31 0 255 872 323 16 94 900 2320 376 14:31 126 255 568 376 16 190 832 642 374 14:31 0 255 900 316 10 109 784 2321 375 14:31 0 255 756 392 173 94 1008 2323 374 14:31 0 255 300 323 27 99 1016 2320 377 14:31 126 255 0 376 16 210 832 642 375 14:31 0 255 108 316 33 109 1008 2323 375 14:31 0 255 532 323 50 99 216 2360 378 14:31 126 255 568 376 16 235 832 642 376 14:31 0 255 560 316 45 114 100 2361 377 14:31 0 255 416 391 214 99 328 2363 376 14:31 0 255 988 323 62 109 332 2360 379 14:31 126 255 4 376 28 255 944 642 377 14:31 0 255 904 316 69 119 328 2361 378 14:32 0 255 760 392 225 104 444 2363 377 14:32 0 255 308 323 74 114 448 2360 380 14:32 126 255 464 376 28 19 944 642 378 14:32 0 255 224 316 81 124 444 2361 379 14:32 0 255 80 392 248 109 668 236125

PAGE 138

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 378 14:32 0 255 648 324 96 114 676 2360 381 14:32 126 255 920 376 40 39 32 682 379 14:32 0 255 676 316 93 129 560 2361 380 14:32 0 255 532 392 3 114 784 2360 382 14:32 126 255 352 376 40 59 32 682 380 14:32 0 255 1016 316 117 129 784 2361 381 14:32 0 255 872 391 15 114 900 2363 380 14:32 0 255 308 324 132 119 1016 2360 383 14:32 126 255 920 376 40 84 32 682 381 14:32 0 255 336 316 129 134 900 2363 381 14:32 0 255 764 323 143 129 108 2400 384 14:32 126 255 356 376 51 104 144 682 382 14:32 0 255 680 316 153 139 104 2401 383 14:32 0 255 648 391 56 129 220 2403 382 14:32 0 255 84 324 166 134 336 2402 383 14:32 0 255 0 316 165 144 220 2401 384 14:32 0 255 880 392 79 129 444 2403 383 14:32 0 255 424 323 178 134 452 2400 386 14:32 126 255 248 376 62 144 256 682 384 14:32 0 255 452 316 177 149 336 2403 384 14:32 0 255 876 323 189 139 568 2400 387 14:33 126 255 812 376 62 169 256 682 385 14:33 0 255 792 316 200 149 560 2401 386 14:33 0 255 648 392 102 134 676 2403 385 14:33 0 255 84 323 212 139 792 240126

PAGE 139

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 388 14:33 126 255 248 376 62 189 256 682 386 14:33 0 255 112 316 211 154 676 2401 387 14:33 0 255 992 392 131 139 904 2403 386 14:33 0 255 540 324 224 149 908 2400 389 14:33 126 255 708 377 74 209 368 681 388 14:33 0 255 424 392 143 149 1020 2403 387 14:33 0 255 884 323 246 154 112 2440 390 14:33 126 255 144 376 74 229 368 682 388 14:33 0 255 908 316 246 164 1020 2401 389 14:33 0 255 656 392 165 149 220 2443 388 14:33 0 255 200 323 1 154 228 2440 391 14:33 126 255 600 376 86 249 480 682 389 14:33 0 255 228 316 13 169 220 2441 390 14:33 0 255 84 392 177 154 336 2443 389 14:33 0 255 652 323 13 159 344 2440 392 14:33 126 255 140 376 86 18 480 682 390 14:33 0 255 568 316 24 169 336 2441 391 14:33 0 255 424 392 188 154 452 2443 390 14:33 0 255 780 323 36 159 568 2440 393 14:33 126 255 600 376 86 38 480 682 391 14:33 0 255 0 316 36 179 452 2441 392 14:33 0 255 880 391 217 164 680 2440 394 14:33 126 255 944 376 98 53 592 682 392 14:33 0 255 116 316 65 179 680 2441 393 14:34 0 255 84 392 228 169 796 244127

PAGE 140

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 395 14:34 126 255 372 376 98 73 592 682 393 14:34 0 255 452 316 77 184 796 2443 393 14:34 0 255 764 323 80 179 4 2481 394 14:34 0 255 428 392 252 174 1020 2440 396 14:34 126 255 828 376 109 93 704 682 394 14:34 0 255 796 316 101 189 1020 2443 394 14:34 0 255 80 324 91 179 120 2481 395 14:34 0 255 768 392 7 174 112 2482 395 14:34 0 255 112 316 113 189 112 2483 395 14:34 0 255 424 323 114 184 344 2481 396 14:34 0 255 84 392 36 174 340 2480 398 14:34 126 255 720 376 120 133 816 682 396 14:34 0 255 568 316 125 199 228 2481 397 14:34 0 255 540 392 48 184 456 2480 399 14:34 126 255 156 376 120 153 816 682 397 14:34 0 255 800 316 147 199 456 2483 397 14:34 0 255 88 323 148 194 688 2481 398 14:34 0 255 884 391 60 189 572 2480 400 14:34 126 255 724 377 120 178 816 682 398 14:34 0 255 228 316 159 204 572 2483 398 14:34 0 255 540 324 160 199 804 2481 399 14:34 0 255 204 392 83 194 796 2480 401 14:34 126 255 156 376 131 198 928 683 399 14:34 0 255 880 323 171 199 920 2481 400 14:34 0 255 544 392 95 194 912 248128

PAGE 141

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 400 14:35 0 255 200 324 194 204 120 2521 401 14:35 0 255 884 391 125 194 116 2520 403 14:35 126 255 48 376 142 238 16 723 401 14:35 0 255 656 323 205 214 236 2521 402 14:35 0 255 316 392 136 204 232 2520 404 14:35 126 255 508 377 142 2 16 723 402 14:35 0 255 888 323 228 214 464 2521 403 14:35 0 255 660 392 147 209 348 2520 405 14:35 126 255 52 376 142 27 16 722 403 14:35 0 255 4 316 242 224 348 2521 404 14:35 0 255 1004 392 171 214 572 2520 406 14:35 126 255 508 377 153 47 128 722 404 14:35 0 255 348 316 9 229 572 2520 407 14:35 126 255 964 377 153 67 128 722 405 14:35 0 255 688 316 20 229 688 2523 405 14:35 0 255 1000 323 18 224 920 2521 406 14:35 0 255 660 392 211 214 916 2520 408 14:35 126 255 400 376 165 87 240 722 406 14:35 0 255 120 316 31 239 804 2523 406 14:35 0 255 432 324 30 234 12 2561 407 14:35 0 255 92 391 222 224 8 2560 409 14:35 126 255 972 376 165 112 240 722 407 14:35 0 255 464 316 53 244 8 2563 407 14:36 0 255 664 323 54 234 240 2561 408 14:36 0 255 436 392 234 229 124 256129

PAGE 142

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 410 14:36 126 255 404 376 165 132 240 722 408 14:36 0 255 804 316 64 244 124 2563 408 14:36 0 255 92 324 65 239 356 2561 409 14:36 0 255 780 392 0 234 348 2560 411 14:36 126 255 860 377 177 152 352 722 409 14:36 0 255 124 316 86 249 348 2563 409 14:36 0 255 432 323 89 239 580 2561 410 14:36 0 255 204 392 11 234 464 2560 412 14:36 126 255 292 376 177 172 352 722 410 14:36 0 255 576 316 98 254 464 2563 410 14:36 0 255 776 324 101 244 696 2561 411 14:36 0 255 436 392 40 234 692 2560 413 14:36 126 255 752 376 189 192 464 723 411 14:36 0 255 208 323 113 254 812 2561 412 14:36 0 255 892 392 52 244 808 2562 412 14:36 0 255 240 316 132 8 808 2563 412 14:36 0 255 440 324 137 254 16 2601 413 14:36 0 255 212 392 66 249 8 2600 415 14:36 126 255 756 376 189 237 464 722 413 14:36 0 255 692 316 143 13 924 2563 413 14:36 0 255 892 323 148 3 132 2601 414 14:36 0 255 664 392 88 254 124 2600 416 14:36 126 255 188 376 200 1 576 722 414 14:36 0 255 924 316 166 13 124 2603 414 14:36 0 255 208 324 172 3 356 260130

PAGE 143

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 415 14:36 0 255 1004 391 99 254 240 2600 417 14:37 126 255 756 376 200 26 576 722 415 14:37 0 255 352 316 177 18 240 2603 415 14:37 0 255 552 323 184 8 472 2601 416 14:37 0 255 324 392 128 3 468 2600 418 14:37 126 255 192 376 212 46 688 723 416 14:37 0 255 1008 324 196 18 588 2601 417 14:37 0 255 668 392 140 8 584 2600 419 14:37 126 255 652 376 212 66 688 722 417 14:37 0 255 16 316 212 28 584 2603 417 14:37 0 255 324 323 218 18 816 2600 420 14:37 126 255 84 376 224 86 800 722 418 14:37 0 255 468 316 224 33 700 2603 418 14:37 0 255 776 324 230 23 932 2601 419 14:37 0 255 324 392 176 18 924 2600 421 14:37 126 255 540 377 224 106 800 722 419 14:37 0 255 700 316 247 33 924 2603 419 14:37 0 255 1008 323 254 23 132 2641 420 14:37 0 255 664 392 187 18 16 2640 422 14:37 126 255 84 376 224 131 800 723 420 14:37 0 255 440 324 10 33 248 2641 421 14:37 0 255 1008 392 217 23 244 2640 423 14:37 126 255 544 376 236 151 912 723 421 14:37 0 255 784 323 21 38 364 2641 422 14:37 0 255 328 392 229 28 360 264131

PAGE 144

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 424 14:37 126 255 1004 376 236 171 912 722 422 14:37 0 255 836 316 37 48 360 2643 422 14:37 0 255 100 324 44 38 592 2641 423 14:38 0 255 672 392 253 33 584 2640 425 14:38 126 255 436 375 247 191 0 761 424 14:38 0 255 100 392 8 38 700 2640 426 14:38 126 255 892 377 247 211 0 762 424 14:38 0 255 496 316 72 53 700 2641 425 14:38 0 255 440 391 20 38 816 2640 427 14:38 126 255 436 376 247 236 0 762 425 14:38 0 255 840 316 84 58 816 2643 425 14:38 0 255 216 323 90 53 24 2680 428 14:38 126 255 896 376 2 0 112 763 426 14:38 0 255 560 324 102 58 140 2681 427 14:38 0 255 216 392 62 53 136 2680 429 14:38 126 255 332 376 2 20 112 763 427 14:38 0 255 900 324 125 58 368 2681 428 14:38 0 255 448 392 86 53 360 2680 430 14:38 126 255 788 376 14 40 224 762 428 14:38 0 255 840 316 130 73 252 2683 428 14:38 0 255 328 324 136 63 484 2681 429 14:38 0 255 900 391 98 58 476 2680 431 14:38 126 255 328 377 14 65 224 762 429 14:38 0 255 264 316 154 73 476 2683 429 14:38 0 255 560 323 176 63 816 268132

PAGE 145

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 430 14:38 0 255 324 392 110 58 592 2680 432 14:39 126 255 788 376 14 85 224 762 430 14:39 0 255 608 316 165 78 592 2683 430 14:39 0 255 1016 324 188 73 932 2681 431 14:39 0 255 668 392 133 63 820 2680 433 14:39 126 255 224 376 26 105 336 762 431 14:39 0 255 952 316 189 83 820 2683 431 14:39 0 255 336 323 211 78 136 2721 432 14:39 0 255 100 392 145 73 936 2680 434 14:39 126 255 684 376 26 125 336 762 432 14:39 0 255 380 316 200 88 936 2683 432 14:39 0 255 676 324 223 78 252 2721 433 14:39 0 255 332 391 167 73 136 2720 435 14:39 126 255 116 376 37 145 448 762 433 14:39 0 255 724 316 223 93 136 2723 433 14:39 0 255 104 323 235 83 368 2721 434 14:39 0 255 784 392 178 78 252 2720 436 14:39 126 255 680 376 37 170 448 762 434 14:39 0 255 40 316 235 93 252 2723 434 14:39 0 255 336 324 2 83 592 2721 435 14:39 0 255 100 391 208 78 480 2722 435 14:39 0 255 496 316 247 103 368 2723 435 14:39 0 255 792 324 14 93 708 2721 436 14:39 0 255 556 392 220 88 596 2720 438 14:39 126 255 576 376 48 210 560 76133

PAGE 146

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 436 14:39 0 255 728 316 15 103 596 2723 436 14:39 0 255 112 324 38 98 936 2721 437 14:39 0 255 900 392 231 93 712 2720 439 14:39 126 255 120 376 48 235 560 762 437 14:39 0 255 156 316 26 108 712 2723 437 14:39 0 255 452 323 50 98 28 2762 438 14:40 0 255 500 316 50 113 936 2723 438 14:40 0 255 904 324 61 103 144 2761 439 14:40 0 255 560 392 10 98 28 2760 441 14:40 126 255 8 376 60 19 672 762 439 14:40 0 255 840 316 62 113 28 2763 439 14:40 0 255 224 324 85 108 368 2761 440 14:40 0 255 900 392 40 98 256 2760 442 14:40 126 255 468 376 72 39 784 762 440 14:40 0 255 272 316 74 123 144 2763 440 14:40 0 255 680 324 96 118 484 2761 441 14:40 0 255 332 391 52 108 372 2760 443 14:40 126 255 928 377 72 59 784 762 441 14:40 0 255 504 316 97 123 372 2761 442 14:40 0 255 676 392 63 113 488 2760 444 14:40 126 255 472 376 72 84 784 762 442 14:40 0 255 956 316 108 128 488 2763 442 14:40 0 255 340 324 129 123 828 2761 443 14:40 0 255 1020 392 86 118 712 2760 445 14:40 126 255 928 376 83 104 896 76134

PAGE 147

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 443 14:40 0 255 276 316 130 133 712 2763 443 14:40 0 255 680 323 141 123 944 2761 444 14:40 0 255 336 392 98 118 828 2760 446 14:40 126 255 360 376 83 124 896 762 444 14:40 0 255 616 316 141 133 828 2763 444 14:40 0 255 0 324 163 128 144 2801 445 14:40 0 255 676 391 128 118 32 2800 447 14:41 126 255 820 376 95 144 1008 762 445 14:41 0 255 48 316 152 143 944 2761 446 14:41 0 255 108 392 140 128 148 2802 446 14:41 0 255 392 316 176 148 148 2803 446 14:41 0 255 688 324 198 138 488 2801 447 14:41 0 255 452 392 152 133 264 2800 449 14:41 126 255 824 376 95 189 1008 762 447 14:41 0 255 752 316 188 148 264 2801 448 14:41 0 255 796 392 175 138 488 2800 450 14:41 126 255 256 376 107 209 96 802 448 14:41 0 255 72 316 211 153 488 2800 451 14:41 126 255 712 375 107 229 96 802 449 14:41 0 255 412 316 222 153 604 2803 449 14:41 0 255 800 324 244 148 944 2801 450 14:41 0 255 452 392 217 138 832 2800 452 14:41 126 255 148 376 119 249 208 802 450 14:41 0 255 868 316 234 163 720 2803 450 14:41 0 255 232 324 0 158 36 284135

PAGE 148

AppendixAContinuedTableA.1ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 451 14:41 0 255 908 392 229 148 948 2800 453 14:41 126 255 720 376 119 18 208 802 451 14:41 0 255 188 316 1 168 948 2803 451 14:41 0 255 464 323 22 158 264 2841 452 14:41 0 255 228 392 241 153 40 2840 454 14:41 126 255 152 376 119 38 208 803 452 14:41 0 255 916 324 34 163 380 284136

PAGE 149

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2Outdoor4-MotesExperiments:VariableTransmissionPowerId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 1 12:26 126 255 0 377 0 0 76 00 2 12:26 126 255 76 377 0 0 76 00 3 12:26 126 255 268 376 0 0 152 00 4 12:26 126 255 576 376 0 0 152 00 5 12:26 126 255 24 377 0 0 228 00 6 12:26 126 255 496 376 0 0 228 00 7 12:26 126 255 20 376 0 0 228 00 8 12:26 126 255 444 377 0 0 304 00 9 12:27 126 255 868 377 0 0 304 00 10 12:27 126 255 316 377 0 0 416 00 11 12:27 126 255 912 377 0 0 416 01 10 12:27 0 255 40 391 0 0 532 40 12 12:27 126 255 348 376 0 4 416 02 10 12:27 0 255 344 313 0 0 532 40 13 12:27 126 255 808 376 0 12 528 03 10 12:27 0 255 496 316 0 0 532 42 11 12:27 0 224 688 312 12 0 648 41 12 12:27 0 192 840 392 23 0 764 40 14 12:27 126 255 244 377 0 24 528 03 11 12:27 0 224 836 315 12 0 648 41 13 12:27 0 128 160 391 47 0 988 40 15 12:27 126 255 700 376 0 40 640 03 12 12:27 0 192 264 316 24 0 764 4137

PAGE 150

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 14 12:28 0 112 608 391 59 0 80 80 16 12:28 126 255 240 376 0 60 640 02 14 12:28 0 112 800 313 58 0 80 81 15 12:28 0 255 840 391 71 0 308 80 17 12:28 126 255 700 376 0 72 640 03 14 12:28 0 112 40 315 59 0 80 82 15 12:28 0 255 4 313 70 0 308 81 16 12:28 0 80 272 391 83 0 424 80 18 12:28 126 255 136 377 0 84 752 03 15 12:28 0 255 272 315 71 0 308 82 16 12:28 0 80 348 313 81 0 424 81 17 12:28 0 64 616 391 95 0 540 80 19 12:28 126 255 704 376 0 100 752 03 16 12:28 0 80 612 316 83 0 424 82 17 12:28 0 64 800 312 93 0 540 81 18 12:28 0 14 960 392 119 0 764 80 20 12:28 126 255 136 377 0 116 864 03 17 12:28 0 64 40 315 95 0 540 82 18 12:28 0 14 116 313 115 0 764 80 21 12:28 126 255 592 376 0 132 864 03 18 12:28 0 14 384 316 118 0 764 82 19 12:28 0 12 460 312 126 0 880 81 20 12:28 0 255 616 392 141 0 84 120 22 12:28 126 255 28 377 0 144 976 03 19 12:28 0 12 840 315 129 0 880 8138

PAGE 151

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 20 12:28 0 255 804 313 138 0 84 120 23 12:28 126 255 488 376 0 156 976 03 20 12:29 0 255 48 316 141 0 84 122 21 12:29 0 10 124 313 150 0 200 120 24 12:29 126 255 32 377 0 172 976 01 23 12:29 0 7 844 391 187 0 540 120 25 12:29 126 255 488 376 0 188 64 43 22 12:29 0 9 840 316 165 0 316 122 23 12:29 0 7 916 313 183 0 540 121 24 12:29 0 6 160 391 199 0 656 120 26 12:29 126 255 944 377 0 202 64 42 24 12:29 0 6 236 313 195 0 656 120 27 12:29 126 255 268 376 0 213 176 43 24 12:29 0 9 616 316 199 0 656 121 26 12:29 0 4 848 391 223 0 1000 120 28 12:29 126 255 840 377 0 225 176 43 25 12:29 0 255 848 316 210 0 884 122 26 12:29 0 4 8 313 218 0 1000 121 27 12:29 0 2 168 392 247 0 200 160 29 12:29 126 255 272 376 0 241 176 43 26 12:29 0 9 276 316 222 0 1000 122 27 12:29 0 2 352 312 242 0 200 161 28 12:29 0 1 620 391 3 0 316 160 30 12:29 126 255 728 377 0 255 288 43 27 12:29 0 9 500 315 245 0 200 16139

PAGE 152

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 28 12:29 0 1 692 313 253 0 316 161 29 12:29 0 1 960 391 14 0 432 160 31 12:30 126 255 160 376 0 11 288 42 29 12:30 0 1 124 313 9 0 432 161 30 12:30 0 255 164 392 26 0 660 162 30 12:30 0 255 356 313 21 0 660 161 31 12:30 0 1 508 391 37 0 776 160 33 12:30 126 255 168 377 0 31 400 43 30 12:30 0 255 164 316 24 0 660 162 31 12:30 0 1 808 313 32 0 776 161 32 12:30 0 1 852 392 60 0 1000 160 34 12:30 126 255 624 377 0 43 400 43 31 12:30 0 9 392 316 35 0 776 162 32 12:30 0 1 128 313 55 0 1000 161 33 12:30 0 1 280 392 72 0 92 200 35 12:30 126 255 56 376 0 55 512 43 32 12:30 0 9 616 316 58 0 1000 162 33 12:30 0 1 468 313 66 0 92 201 34 12:30 0 1 620 392 84 0 208 200 36 12:30 126 255 512 377 0 67 512 43 33 12:30 0 9 732 315 70 0 92 202 34 12:30 0 1 924 313 78 0 208 200 37 12:30 126 255 60 377 0 77 624 43 34 12:30 0 10 164 316 81 0 208 202 35 12:30 0 255 132 313 90 0 436 20140

PAGE 153

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 36 12:30 0 1 396 391 107 0 552 200 38 12:30 126 255 520 377 0 87 624 42 36 12:31 0 1 584 313 102 0 552 201 37 12:31 0 1 628 392 130 0 776 200 39 12:31 126 255 976 377 0 100 624 42 37 12:31 0 1 928 313 126 0 776 201 38 12:31 0 1 56 391 141 0 892 203 37 12:31 0 8 732 316 127 0 776 202 38 12:31 0 1 244 313 138 0 892 201 39 12:31 0 1 396 391 153 0 1008 200 41 12:31 126 255 976 376 0 124 736 43 38 12:31 0 8 848 316 139 0 892 201 40 12:31 0 255 740 391 164 0 212 240 42 12:31 126 255 412 377 0 133 848 43 39 12:31 0 8 280 316 150 0 1008 202 40 12:31 0 255 20 313 162 0 212 241 41 12:31 0 1 172 391 176 0 328 240 43 12:31 126 255 872 377 0 144 848 43 40 12:31 0 255 396 316 162 0 212 242 41 12:31 0 2 360 312 174 0 328 240 44 12:31 126 255 304 377 0 158 960 43 41 12:31 0 6 732 315 173 0 328 242 42 12:31 0 1 704 313 197 0 552 241 43 12:31 0 1 856 391 211 0 668 240 45 12:31 126 255 760 376 0 171 960 4141

PAGE 154

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 42 12:31 0 8 848 316 196 0 552 242 43 12:31 0 1 20 313 208 0 668 241 44 12:31 0 255 172 392 223 0 896 240 46 12:32 126 255 304 377 0 184 960 43 43 12:32 0 8 168 316 208 0 668 242 44 12:32 0 1 476 313 220 0 784 240 47 12:32 126 255 764 376 0 193 48 83 44 12:32 0 8 284 316 220 0 784 242 45 12:32 0 255 820 313 231 0 1012 240 48 12:32 126 255 200 377 0 202 48 83 45 12:32 0 255 400 315 232 0 1012 242 46 12:32 0 1 136 313 242 0 104 281 47 12:32 0 1 180 391 12 0 328 280 49 12:32 126 255 656 376 0 215 160 83 46 12:32 0 7 736 316 244 0 104 282 47 12:32 0 1 480 313 8 0 328 281 48 12:32 0 1 632 392 23 0 444 280 50 12:32 126 255 196 377 0 231 160 82 48 12:32 0 1 932 313 19 0 444 281 49 12:32 0 255 972 391 35 0 672 280 51 12:32 126 255 656 377 0 240 160 83 48 12:32 0 8 172 316 24 0 444 282 49 12:32 0 255 252 313 31 0 672 281 50 12:32 0 1 404 392 47 0 788 280 52 12:32 126 255 92 377 0 249 272 8142

PAGE 155

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 49 12:32 0 255 400 316 35 0 660 282 50 12:32 0 1 484 313 42 0 788 281 51 12:32 0 1 736 391 59 0 904 280 53 12:32 126 255 540 377 0 3 272 83 50 12:33 0 9 516 316 47 0 776 281 52 12:33 0 1 56 391 82 0 104 320 54 12:33 126 255 996 377 0 15 384 83 51 12:33 0 9 852 316 58 0 892 281 53 12:33 0 1 396 391 93 0 220 320 55 12:33 126 255 536 377 0 30 384 83 52 12:33 0 9 968 316 82 0 92 321 54 12:33 0 255 736 391 105 0 448 320 56 12:33 126 255 996 376 0 39 384 83 53 12:33 0 9 288 316 94 0 208 322 54 12:33 0 255 940 313 101 0 448 321 55 12:33 0 1 168 391 116 0 564 320 57 12:33 126 255 432 377 0 48 496 83 54 12:33 0 255 516 316 105 0 424 322 55 12:33 0 1 248 313 112 0 564 321 56 12:33 0 1 500 392 128 0 680 320 58 12:33 126 255 880 377 0 57 496 83 55 12:33 0 9 632 316 116 0 540 322 56 12:33 0 1 700 314 124 0 680 321 57 12:33 0 1 844 392 152 0 904 323 56 12:33 0 9 968 316 128 0 656 32143

PAGE 156

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 57 12:33 0 1 932 313 146 0 904 321 58 12:33 0 1 268 392 163 0 1020 320 60 12:33 126 255 876 376 0 84 608 82 58 12:33 0 1 360 313 157 0 1020 321 59 12:33 0 255 500 391 175 0 224 360 61 12:34 126 255 312 377 0 93 608 83 58 12:34 0 9 404 316 162 0 996 321 60 12:34 0 1 956 391 186 0 340 360 62 12:34 126 255 772 377 0 102 720 83 59 12:34 0 255 632 316 173 0 188 362 60 12:34 0 1 32 313 179 0 340 361 61 12:34 0 1 264 391 198 0 456 360 63 12:34 126 255 304 376 0 114 720 83 60 12:34 0 9 748 316 184 0 304 362 61 12:34 0 1 484 313 190 0 456 361 62 12:34 0 1 608 392 222 0 680 360 64 12:34 126 255 760 377 0 126 832 83 61 12:34 0 9 60 316 196 0 420 362 62 12:34 0 1 940 313 213 0 680 360 65 12:34 126 255 192 376 0 138 832 83 62 12:34 0 9 176 316 219 0 644 362 63 12:34 0 1 260 313 225 0 796 361 64 12:34 0 255 264 391 6 0 116 403 63 12:34 0 9 632 316 231 0 760 361 65 12:34 0 1 720 392 17 0 232 40144

PAGE 157

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 67 12:34 126 255 88 376 0 157 944 83 64 12:34 0 255 748 316 242 0 976 362 65 12:34 0 1 936 313 248 0 116 401 66 12:34 0 1 28 391 40 0 456 400 68 12:34 126 255 644 376 0 169 944 83 65 12:35 0 8 976 316 254 0 68 402 66 12:35 0 1 364 314 3 0 232 401 67 12:35 0 1 480 391 51 0 572 400 69 12:35 126 255 76 376 0 181 32 123 66 12:35 0 8 176 316 9 0 184 402 67 12:35 0 1 704 313 26 0 456 401 68 12:35 0 1 820 392 62 0 688 400 70 12:35 126 255 532 377 0 193 32 122 68 12:35 0 1 24 313 38 0 572 401 69 12:35 0 255 28 391 73 0 916 400 71 12:35 126 255 992 376 0 202 144 123 68 12:35 0 8 748 316 43 0 524 402 69 12:35 0 255 368 313 50 0 800 401 70 12:35 0 1 484 392 84 0 8 443 69 12:35 0 255 864 316 54 0 740 402 70 12:35 0 1 808 313 62 0 916 401 71 12:35 0 1 816 391 108 0 232 440 73 12:35 126 255 984 376 0 225 144 123 70 12:35 0 6 68 317 65 0 856 402 71 12:35 0 1 128 313 85 0 116 44145

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 72 12:35 0 1 244 391 120 0 348 440 74 12:35 126 255 416 376 0 238 256 123 71 12:35 0 7 292 316 76 0 972 402 72 12:35 0 1 468 314 97 0 232 441 73 12:35 0 1 584 391 132 0 464 440 75 12:35 126 255 872 376 0 251 256 122 73 12:35 0 1 812 313 109 0 348 441 74 12:35 0 255 928 392 144 0 692 440 76 12:36 126 255 308 376 0 4 368 123 73 12:36 0 8 864 316 111 0 288 442 74 12:36 0 255 132 313 121 0 576 441 75 12:36 0 1 248 391 155 0 808 440 77 12:36 126 255 868 376 0 14 368 123 74 12:36 0 255 980 317 122 0 504 442 75 12:36 0 1 572 313 133 0 692 441 76 12:36 0 1 580 392 178 0 8 480 78 12:36 126 255 300 376 0 27 368 122 76 12:36 0 1 916 313 156 0 916 441 77 12:36 0 1 8 391 189 0 124 480 79 12:36 126 255 756 376 0 39 480 122 77 12:36 0 1 232 313 167 0 8 481 78 12:36 0 1 348 391 201 0 240 480 80 12:36 126 255 300 376 0 51 480 123 77 12:36 0 8 544 316 168 0 960 442 78 12:36 0 1 688 314 179 0 124 48146

PAGE 159

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 79 12:36 0 255 692 391 212 0 468 480 81 12:36 126 255 760 376 0 60 592 123 78 12:36 0 8 1000 317 180 0 52 482 79 12:36 0 255 920 313 191 0 352 481 80 12:36 0 1 112 392 224 0 584 480 82 12:36 126 255 184 376 0 71 592 123 79 12:36 0 255 92 316 192 0 268 482 80 12:36 0 1 336 314 203 0 468 481 81 12:36 0 1 228 391 248 0 808 480 83 12:36 126 255 640 376 0 85 592 121 82 12:37 0 1 568 392 4 0 924 480 84 12:37 126 255 72 377 0 98 704 123 81 12:37 0 7 652 316 227 0 608 482 82 12:37 0 1 1020 313 239 0 808 481 83 12:37 0 1 908 391 16 0 16 520 85 12:37 126 255 640 376 0 111 704 123 82 12:37 0 8 768 316 239 0 724 482 83 12:37 0 1 452 314 251 0 924 480 86 12:37 126 255 76 376 0 120 816 122 84 12:37 0 255 784 314 6 0 128 521 85 12:37 0 1 672 391 39 0 360 520 87 12:37 126 255 524 376 0 131 816 123 84 12:37 0 255 316 316 6 0 32 522 85 12:37 0 2 100 313 18 0 244 521 86 12:37 0 1 904 391 62 0 584 52147

PAGE 160

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 88 12:37 126 255 980 376 0 145 928 123 85 12:37 0 6 652 316 17 0 148 522 86 12:37 0 1 444 314 41 0 468 521 87 12:37 0 1 332 391 74 0 700 520 89 12:37 126 255 412 376 0 158 928 121 88 12:37 0 255 672 391 85 0 928 520 90 12:37 126 255 980 376 0 171 928 123 87 12:37 0 8 1000 316 51 0 488 522 88 12:37 0 1 216 315 64 0 700 521 89 12:37 0 1 104 391 97 0 20 560 91 12:38 126 255 416 376 0 180 16 162 89 12:38 0 255 548 314 75 0 928 521 90 12:38 0 1 436 391 108 0 136 560 92 12:38 126 255 884 376 0 189 16 163 89 12:38 0 255 432 316 75 0 820 522 90 12:38 0 1 888 314 87 0 20 561 91 12:38 0 1 668 391 131 0 360 560 93 12:38 126 255 316 376 0 202 128 163 90 12:38 0 7 768 317 86 0 936 522 91 12:38 0 1 208 314 111 0 244 561 92 12:38 0 1 96 392 142 0 476 560 94 12:38 126 255 880 376 0 217 128 163 91 12:38 0 7 884 316 109 0 136 562 92 12:38 0 1 660 314 122 0 360 561 93 12:38 0 255 436 391 153 0 704 56148

PAGE 161

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 95 12:38 126 255 316 376 0 227 128 162 93 12:38 0 255 1004 313 134 0 588 560 96 12:38 126 255 776 376 0 236 240 163 93 12:38 0 8 432 316 133 0 368 562 94 12:38 0 1 312 314 145 0 704 561 95 12:38 0 1 200 391 176 0 936 560 97 12:38 126 255 200 376 0 245 240 163 94 12:38 0 255 548 317 145 0 584 562 95 12:38 0 1 652 313 157 0 820 561 96 12:38 0 1 544 391 200 0 136 600 98 12:38 126 255 656 377 0 2 352 163 95 12:38 0 7 884 316 156 0 700 562 96 12:39 0 1 996 314 181 0 20 601 97 12:39 0 1 884 391 212 0 252 600 99 12:39 126 255 196 377 0 18 352 162 97 12:39 0 1 424 313 193 0 136 600 100 12:39 126 255 656 376 0 27 352 163 97 12:39 0 8 468 316 192 0 16 602 98 12:39 0 255 768 314 204 0 364 601 99 12:39 0 1 656 391 235 0 596 600 101 12:39 126 255 92 376 0 36 464 163 98 12:39 0 255 696 317 203 0 232 602 99 12:39 0 1 76 314 215 0 480 601 100 12:39 0 1 988 392 247 0 712 600 102 12:39 126 255 648 376 0 48 464 16149

PAGE 162

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 99 12:39 0 8 812 316 215 0 348 602 100 12:39 0 1 528 314 227 0 596 601 101 12:39 0 1 308 391 15 0 936 600 103 12:39 126 255 80 376 0 60 576 163 100 12:39 0 8 124 317 227 0 464 602 101 12:39 0 1 760 314 250 0 820 601 102 12:39 0 1 756 392 27 0 28 640 104 12:39 126 255 536 376 0 72 576 163 101 12:39 0 8 240 316 251 0 688 602 102 12:39 0 1 188 314 5 0 936 603 102 12:39 0 8 584 317 6 0 804 602 103 12:39 0 255 532 314 16 0 140 640 106 12:40 126 255 432 377 0 90 688 163 103 12:40 0 255 812 316 17 0 1020 601 105 12:40 0 1 752 392 62 0 488 640 107 12:40 126 255 988 376 0 102 688 163 104 12:40 0 8 928 317 28 0 112 642 105 12:40 0 1 292 314 39 0 372 641 106 12:40 0 1 72 391 86 0 712 640 108 12:40 126 255 420 376 0 114 800 163 105 12:40 0 8 240 316 40 0 228 642 106 12:40 0 1 632 314 63 0 596 641 107 12:40 0 1 520 391 98 0 828 640 109 12:40 126 255 876 376 0 126 800 162 107 12:40 0 1 996 315 75 0 712 64150

PAGE 163

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 110 12:40 126 255 312 377 0 135 912 163 107 12:40 0 8 812 316 75 0 568 642 108 12:40 0 255 316 315 87 0 940 641 109 12:40 0 1 184 391 121 0 148 680 111 12:40 126 255 872 376 0 145 912 163 108 12:40 0 255 928 317 86 0 784 642 109 12:40 0 1 648 314 99 0 32 681 110 12:40 0 1 516 391 144 0 372 683 109 12:40 0 8 20 316 98 0 900 642 110 12:40 0 1 192 314 110 0 148 681 111 12:40 0 1 968 392 174 0 604 680 113 12:40 126 255 760 376 0 170 0 203 110 12:40 0 8 356 317 110 0 1016 642 111 12:41 0 1 532 314 133 0 372 681 112 12:41 0 1 284 391 185 0 720 680 114 12:41 126 255 192 377 0 182 0 203 111 12:41 0 8 472 317 133 0 216 682 112 12:41 0 1 876 314 144 0 488 681 113 12:41 0 255 516 392 197 0 948 680 115 12:41 126 255 652 376 0 191 112 203 112 12:41 0 8 928 316 144 0 332 682 113 12:41 0 255 196 314 156 0 716 680 116 12:41 126 255 188 376 0 201 112 203 113 12:41 0 255 20 316 156 0 548 682 114 12:41 0 1 528 315 167 0 832 68151

PAGE 164

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 115 12:41 0 1 280 391 232 0 264 720 117 12:41 126 255 644 377 0 214 112 202 115 12:41 0 1 980 314 190 0 32 721 116 12:41 0 1 732 392 244 0 380 720 118 12:41 126 255 76 376 0 226 224 203 115 12:41 0 8 472 317 179 0 780 682 116 12:41 0 1 296 314 202 0 148 721 117 12:41 0 1 48 391 255 0 496 720 119 12:41 126 255 532 376 0 238 224 203 116 12:41 0 8 588 317 202 0 1004 682 117 12:41 0 1 640 314 214 0 264 721 118 12:41 0 255 412 392 10 0 724 720 120 12:41 126 255 80 377 0 247 336 203 117 12:41 0 8 20 316 213 0 96 722 118 12:41 0 255 984 315 225 0 492 720 121 12:42 126 255 528 376 0 1 336 203 118 12:42 0 255 136 317 225 0 312 722 119 12:42 0 1 400 314 236 0 608 721 120 12:42 0 1 64 391 45 0 40 760 122 12:42 126 255 984 376 0 14 336 203 119 12:42 0 8 364 317 237 0 428 722 120 12:42 0 1 744 314 3 0 832 721 121 12:42 0 1 516 391 56 0 156 760 123 12:42 126 255 416 376 0 26 448 203 120 12:42 0 8 588 318 5 0 652 72152

PAGE 165

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 121 12:42 0 1 60 314 15 0 948 721 122 12:42 0 1 856 391 68 0 272 760 124 12:42 126 255 984 376 0 38 448 203 121 12:42 0 8 704 317 17 0 768 722 122 12:42 0 1 516 314 26 0 40 761 123 12:42 0 255 176 392 80 0 500 760 125 12:42 126 255 420 376 0 47 560 203 122 12:42 0 8 136 317 28 0 884 722 123 12:42 0 255 748 314 38 0 268 760 126 12:42 126 255 868 376 0 58 560 200 127 12:42 126 255 300 376 0 72 672 203 124 12:42 0 6 704 317 52 0 192 762 125 12:42 0 1 508 314 72 0 608 761 126 12:42 0 1 280 392 126 0 956 760 128 12:42 126 255 756 376 0 85 672 203 125 12:42 0 8 928 317 74 0 416 762 126 12:43 0 1 848 314 84 0 724 761 127 12:43 0 1 620 392 138 0 48 800 129 12:43 126 255 300 376 0 98 672 203 126 12:43 0 8 20 317 86 0 532 762 127 12:43 0 1 280 314 96 0 840 761 128 12:43 0 255 964 392 149 0 276 800 130 12:43 126 255 760 377 0 107 784 203 127 12:43 0 8 476 317 97 0 648 762 128 12:43 0 255 612 314 108 0 44 80153

PAGE 166

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 129 12:43 0 1 384 391 160 0 392 800 131 12:43 126 255 184 376 0 118 784 203 128 12:43 0 255 592 317 109 0 864 762 129 12:43 0 2 952 314 119 0 160 801 130 12:43 0 1 616 391 183 0 616 800 132 12:43 126 255 640 376 0 132 896 202 130 12:43 0 1 272 314 142 0 384 800 133 12:43 126 255 180 376 0 149 896 203 130 12:43 0 8 20 317 144 0 180 801 132 12:43 0 255 384 391 207 0 960 800 134 12:43 126 255 640 376 0 159 896 203 131 12:43 0 9 252 317 155 0 296 801 133 12:43 0 1 840 392 219 0 52 840 135 12:43 126 255 76 376 0 168 1008 203 132 12:43 0 9 592 318 167 0 412 802 133 12:43 0 255 376 314 176 0 844 801 134 12:43 0 1 148 392 231 0 168 842 134 12:44 0 1 716 314 188 0 960 801 135 12:44 0 1 492 392 254 0 392 840 137 12:44 126 255 880 377 0 190 96 243 134 12:44 0 8 20 317 191 0 744 802 135 12:44 0 1 36 314 212 0 160 841 136 12:44 0 1 832 392 10 0 508 840 138 12:44 126 255 420 376 0 205 96 243 135 12:44 0 8 136 317 213 0 968 80154

PAGE 167

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 136 12:44 0 1 376 314 224 0 276 841 137 12:44 0 255 148 391 22 0 736 840 139 12:44 126 255 880 377 0 214 96 243 136 12:44 0 8 480 317 224 0 60 842 137 12:44 0 255 832 313 235 0 504 841 138 12:44 0 1 604 391 33 0 852 840 140 12:44 126 255 316 377 0 223 208 243 137 12:44 0 8 708 317 236 0 176 842 138 12:44 0 1 140 314 247 0 620 841 139 12:44 0 1 936 391 45 0 968 840 141 12:44 126 255 764 376 0 233 208 243 138 12:44 0 255 824 317 248 0 392 841 140 12:44 0 1 256 392 68 0 168 880 142 12:44 126 255 304 377 0 250 320 243 139 12:44 0 7 136 317 4 0 508 842 140 12:44 0 1 824 314 26 0 960 841 141 12:44 0 1 596 391 80 0 284 880 143 12:44 126 255 760 376 0 7 320 243 140 12:44 0 8 252 317 27 0 732 842 141 12:45 0 1 252 314 38 0 52 881 142 12:45 0 255 936 392 91 0 512 880 144 12:45 126 255 196 376 0 16 320 243 141 12:45 0 8 596 317 39 0 848 842 142 12:45 0 255 596 315 49 0 280 881 143 12:45 0 1 368 391 102 0 628 88155

PAGE 168

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 145 12:45 126 255 656 377 0 25 432 243 142 12:45 0 8 824 317 51 0 964 842 143 12:45 0 1 928 314 60 0 396 881 144 12:45 0 1 700 392 114 0 744 880 146 12:45 126 255 188 377 0 37 432 243 143 12:45 0 255 960 317 62 0 156 882 144 12:45 0 1 356 314 72 0 512 881 145 12:45 0 1 928 392 137 0 968 880 147 12:45 126 255 644 376 0 50 544 243 144 12:45 0 7 272 317 74 0 272 882 145 12:45 0 1 588 314 96 0 736 881 146 12:45 0 1 352 391 148 0 60 920 148 12:45 126 255 76 377 0 63 544 243 145 12:45 0 8 388 317 98 0 496 882 146 12:45 0 1 16 314 108 0 852 881 147 12:45 0 255 584 392 160 0 288 920 149 12:45 126 255 536 377 0 72 656 243 146 12:45 0 8 732 317 110 0 612 881 148 12:45 0 1 16 392 172 0 404 920 150 12:45 126 255 996 376 0 81 656 243 147 12:45 0 255 960 317 122 0 828 882 148 12:45 0 1 712 314 131 0 172 920 151 12:46 126 255 528 376 0 93 656 243 148 12:46 0 8 52 317 134 0 944 882 149 12:46 0 1 140 314 143 0 288 92156

PAGE 169

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 150 12:46 0 1 692 392 206 0 744 923 149 12:46 0 8 388 317 145 0 36 921 151 12:46 0 1 116 391 218 0 860 923 150 12:46 0 8 504 317 168 0 260 920 154 12:46 126 255 876 377 0 126 880 243 151 12:46 0 8 848 317 179 0 376 922 152 12:46 0 255 164 314 187 0 856 920 155 12:46 126 255 412 376 0 135 880 243 152 12:46 0 255 52 318 191 0 592 922 153 12:46 0 1 496 313 198 0 972 921 154 12:46 0 1 112 392 8 0 404 960 156 12:46 126 255 868 377 0 147 880 243 153 12:46 0 8 168 317 202 0 708 922 154 12:46 0 1 948 314 210 0 64 961 155 12:46 0 1 564 392 20 0 520 960 157 12:46 126 255 300 376 0 159 992 243 154 12:46 0 8 504 318 213 0 824 922 155 12:46 0 1 264 314 233 0 288 961 156 12:46 0 1 904 391 31 0 636 960 158 12:46 126 255 756 376 0 171 992 243 155 12:46 0 8 620 317 236 0 24 961 157 12:47 0 255 224 391 43 0 864 960 159 12:47 126 255 192 376 0 180 80 283 156 12:47 0 8 52 317 248 0 140 962 157 12:47 0 255 952 314 255 0 632 96157

PAGE 170

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 158 12:47 0 1 568 392 55 0 980 960 160 12:47 126 255 752 377 0 190 80 283 157 12:47 0 255 168 317 3 0 356 962 158 12:47 0 1 144 314 10 0 748 961 159 12:47 0 1 900 392 77 0 180 1000 161 12:47 126 255 184 377 0 203 80 283 158 12:47 0 8 284 317 15 0 472 962 159 12:47 0 1 596 313 21 0 944 960 162 12:47 126 255 640 377 0 215 192 282 160 12:47 0 1 936 314 43 0 64 1001 161 12:47 0 1 668 392 101 0 412 1000 163 12:47 126 255 184 377 0 227 192 282 161 12:47 0 1 256 314 55 0 180 1001 162 12:47 0 255 1012 391 113 0 640 1000 164 12:47 126 255 644 377 0 236 304 281 163 12:47 0 1 348 391 124 0 756 1000 165 12:47 126 255 68 377 0 247 304 283 162 12:47 0 255 284 318 73 0 120 1001 164 12:47 0 1 664 392 147 0 980 1000 166 12:48 126 255 524 377 0 5 304 283 163 12:48 0 6 620 317 85 0 236 1002 164 12:48 0 1 360 314 101 0 748 1001 165 12:48 0 1 92 392 158 0 72 1040 167 12:48 126 255 980 377 0 18 416 283 164 12:48 0 7 844 317 97 0 352 100158

PAGE 171

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 165 12:48 0 1 720 314 112 0 864 1001 166 12:48 0 1 432 392 170 0 188 1040 168 12:48 126 255 524 376 0 31 416 283 165 12:48 0 8 960 317 120 0 576 1002 166 12:48 0 1 152 314 123 0 980 1001 167 12:48 0 255 776 391 181 0 416 1040 169 12:48 126 255 984 376 0 40 528 283 166 12:48 0 8 392 318 132 0 692 1002 167 12:48 0 255 384 314 135 0 184 1040 170 12:48 126 255 408 377 0 51 528 283 167 12:48 0 255 508 317 144 0 908 1002 168 12:48 0 1 824 314 146 0 300 1041 169 12:48 0 1 428 391 217 0 756 1040 171 12:48 126 255 864 377 0 65 640 283 168 12:48 0 6 844 317 156 0 0 1042 169 12:48 0 1 144 314 170 0 524 1041 170 12:48 0 1 880 391 229 0 872 1040 172 12:48 126 255 296 377 0 78 640 283 169 12:48 0 8 44 317 178 0 224 1042 170 12:48 0 1 484 314 181 0 640 1041 171 12:48 0 1 196 391 241 0 988 1040 173 12:48 126 255 864 377 0 91 640 283 170 12:48 0 8 160 318 190 0 340 1041 172 12:49 0 255 540 391 252 0 192 1080 174 12:49 126 255 300 376 0 100 752 28159

PAGE 172

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 171 12:49 0 8 616 317 201 0 456 1041 173 12:49 0 1 984 391 8 0 308 1080 175 12:49 126 255 748 376 0 111 752 282 173 12:49 0 2 588 314 215 0 76 1081 174 12:49 0 1 192 392 32 0 532 1080 176 12:49 126 255 180 377 0 125 864 283 173 12:49 0 6 960 317 225 0 788 1042 174 12:49 0 1 932 316 239 0 300 1081 175 12:49 0 1 644 391 43 0 648 1080 177 12:49 126 255 744 376 0 142 864 283 174 12:49 0 8 160 317 247 0 1012 1042 175 12:49 0 1 248 314 251 0 416 1081 176 12:49 0 255 984 392 54 0 876 1080 178 12:49 126 255 180 377 0 151 864 283 175 12:49 0 8 392 317 3 0 104 1082 176 12:49 0 1 704 315 7 0 532 1081 177 12:49 0 1 416 391 66 0 992 1080 179 12:49 126 255 640 376 0 160 976 283 176 12:49 0 8 752 318 14 0 220 1082 177 12:49 0 255 12 314 18 0 760 1081 178 12:49 0 1 748 392 77 0 84 1120 180 12:49 126 255 64 377 0 170 976 283 177 12:49 0 255 868 317 25 0 436 1082 178 12:49 0 2 352 315 29 0 876 1081 179 12:49 0 1 68 391 101 0 308 112160

PAGE 173

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 181 12:50 126 255 520 377 0 184 64 323 178 12:50 0 7 180 318 36 0 552 1082 179 12:50 0 1 696 314 52 0 76 1121 180 12:50 0 1 408 391 113 0 424 1120 182 12:50 126 255 60 377 0 200 64 323 179 12:50 0 8 296 317 60 0 776 1082 180 12:50 0 1 12 314 64 0 192 1121 181 12:50 0 255 748 392 124 0 652 1120 183 12:50 126 255 520 376 0 210 64 321 182 12:50 0 2 180 392 136 0 768 1120 184 12:50 126 255 980 377 0 220 176 323 181 12:50 0 8 984 317 83 0 1008 1082 182 12:50 0 255 800 314 87 0 536 1120 185 12:50 126 255 512 377 0 232 176 322 183 12:50 0 1 116 314 99 0 652 1120 186 12:50 126 255 968 377 0 245 288 323 183 12:50 0 7 412 317 107 0 316 1121 185 12:50 0 1 280 391 183 0 200 1160 187 12:50 126 255 400 376 0 2 288 322 185 12:50 0 1 912 314 134 0 992 1121 186 12:50 0 255 512 392 194 0 428 1160 188 12:50 126 255 860 376 0 11 400 322 186 12:51 0 255 232 314 146 0 196 1161 187 12:51 0 1 968 391 205 0 544 1160 189 12:51 126 255 296 376 0 20 400 32161

PAGE 174

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 186 12:51 0 8 76 318 153 0 772 1121 188 12:51 0 1 276 392 216 0 660 1162 188 12:51 0 1 1016 315 169 0 428 1161 189 12:51 0 1 736 391 239 0 884 1160 191 12:51 126 255 284 377 0 45 512 322 189 12:51 0 1 224 314 211 0 768 1161 190 12:51 0 1 160 392 251 0 1000 1160 192 12:51 126 255 740 377 0 59 512 323 189 12:51 0 9 760 317 199 0 304 1162 190 12:51 0 1 676 315 222 0 884 1160 193 12:51 126 255 176 377 0 68 624 323 190 12:51 0 9 80 318 211 0 420 1162 191 12:51 0 255 904 314 233 0 88 1201 192 12:51 0 1 848 392 19 0 320 1200 194 12:51 126 255 736 376 0 77 624 323 191 12:51 0 255 308 318 223 0 636 1162 192 12:51 0 1 212 315 244 0 204 1201 193 12:51 0 1 156 391 30 0 436 1200 195 12:51 126 255 284 376 0 92 624 323 192 12:51 0 8 424 318 235 0 752 1161 194 12:51 0 1 500 392 53 0 660 1200 196 12:52 126 255 740 377 0 105 736 322 194 12:52 0 1 896 315 23 0 544 1201 195 12:52 0 1 948 392 65 0 776 1203 194 12:52 0 8 876 318 14 0 68 120162

PAGE 175

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 197 12:52 126 255 172 376 0 117 736 322 195 12:52 0 1 440 314 35 0 660 1201 196 12:52 0 255 156 391 95 0 96 1240 198 12:52 126 255 632 377 0 126 848 322 196 12:52 0 255 784 315 47 0 888 1201 197 12:52 0 1 612 392 106 0 212 1243 196 12:52 0 255 424 318 38 0 400 1200 199 12:52 126 255 168 377 0 135 848 322 197 12:52 0 1 92 315 58 0 1004 1201 198 12:52 0 1 944 392 130 0 436 1243 197 12:52 0 8 540 318 50 0 516 1200 200 12:52 126 255 624 377 0 147 848 322 198 12:52 0 1 544 315 70 0 96 1241 199 12:52 0 1 372 391 141 0 552 1243 198 12:52 0 8 876 318 61 0 632 1202 199 12:52 0 1 884 315 94 0 320 1241 200 12:52 0 1 712 392 152 0 668 1243 199 12:52 0 8 992 318 84 0 856 1200 202 12:52 126 255 512 377 0 171 960 322 200 12:52 0 1 204 315 106 0 436 1241 201 12:52 0 255 32 391 163 0 896 1243 200 12:52 0 8 196 318 96 0 972 1200 203 12:52 126 255 60 376 0 180 48 362 201 12:53 0 255 548 315 118 0 664 1243 201 12:53 0 255 424 317 107 0 164 124163

PAGE 176

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 204 12:53 126 255 508 377 0 190 48 362 202 12:53 0 1 880 315 130 0 780 1241 203 12:53 0 1 708 391 197 0 212 1283 202 12:53 0 9 540 318 119 0 280 1240 205 12:53 126 255 964 377 0 202 48 362 203 12:53 0 1 308 314 141 0 896 1241 204 12:53 0 1 136 391 208 0 328 1280 206 12:53 126 255 396 376 0 214 160 362 204 12:53 0 1 648 316 164 0 96 1281 205 12:53 0 1 476 391 219 0 444 1283 204 12:53 0 9 992 318 154 0 620 1240 207 12:53 126 255 964 376 0 226 160 362 205 12:53 0 1 992 314 176 0 212 1283 205 12:53 0 9 424 318 165 0 736 1242 206 12:53 0 255 312 315 187 0 440 1281 207 12:53 0 1 240 391 243 0 788 1283 206 12:53 0 255 540 318 177 0 952 1240 209 12:53 126 255 848 376 0 246 272 362 207 12:53 0 1 752 314 199 0 556 1281 208 12:53 0 1 472 392 9 0 1012 1283 207 12:53 0 7 656 318 189 0 44 1280 210 12:53 126 255 280 376 0 3 384 362 208 12:53 0 1 72 315 221 0 780 1281 209 12:53 0 1 924 392 21 0 104 1323 208 12:54 0 8 992 318 201 0 160 128164

PAGE 177

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 211 12:54 126 255 736 377 0 15 384 362 209 12:54 0 1 412 314 232 0 896 1281 210 12:54 0 1 240 392 33 0 220 1320 212 12:54 126 255 280 377 0 27 384 362 210 12:54 0 1 756 315 243 0 1012 1281 211 12:54 0 255 584 391 45 0 448 1323 210 12:54 0 8 424 318 236 0 500 1280 213 12:54 126 255 740 377 0 37 496 362 211 12:54 0 255 76 314 254 0 216 1323 211 12:54 0 255 540 318 248 0 716 1280 214 12:54 126 255 164 377 0 48 496 361 213 12:54 0 1 236 391 80 0 788 1323 212 12:54 0 6 876 318 4 0 832 1280 215 12:54 126 255 620 377 0 62 608 362 213 12:54 0 1 860 314 33 0 556 1323 213 12:54 0 7 76 317 16 0 948 1280 216 12:54 126 255 160 376 0 78 608 362 214 12:54 0 1 176 315 44 0 672 1321 215 12:54 0 1 4 391 102 0 1020 1323 214 12:54 0 8 308 318 39 0 148 1320 217 12:54 126 255 620 376 0 87 608 362 215 12:54 0 1 632 314 56 0 788 1321 216 12:54 0 255 348 392 113 0 224 1363 215 12:54 0 8 764 318 50 0 264 1320 218 12:54 126 255 56 377 0 97 720 36165

PAGE 178

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 216 12:55 0 255 864 315 68 0 1016 1321 217 12:55 0 1 792 391 125 0 340 1360 219 12:55 126 255 504 376 0 108 720 362 217 12:55 0 1 280 314 80 0 108 1361 218 12:55 0 1 0 392 148 0 564 1363 217 12:55 0 6 192 318 73 0 596 1320 220 12:55 126 255 960 376 0 122 832 361 219 12:55 0 1 452 391 160 0 680 1363 218 12:55 0 8 416 318 97 0 820 1320 221 12:55 126 255 500 376 0 138 832 362 219 12:55 0 1 964 314 116 0 448 1361 220 12:55 0 255 676 392 172 0 908 1363 219 12:55 0 8 648 318 109 0 936 1320 222 12:55 126 255 960 377 0 147 832 362 220 12:55 0 1 280 315 128 0 564 1361 221 12:55 0 1 108 391 184 0 0 1403 220 12:55 0 8 988 318 121 0 28 1360 223 12:55 126 255 396 376 0 156 944 362 221 12:55 0 255 612 314 140 0 792 1361 222 12:55 0 1 440 392 195 0 116 1403 221 12:55 0 255 80 317 133 0 244 1360 224 12:55 126 255 844 376 0 167 944 362 222 12:55 0 2 952 314 151 0 908 1361 223 12:55 0 1 784 392 218 0 340 1403 222 12:55 0 7 308 318 145 0 360 136166

PAGE 179

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 225 12:55 126 255 384 377 0 184 32 402 223 12:55 0 1 272 314 173 0 108 1401 224 12:55 0 1 100 391 229 0 456 1403 223 12:56 0 8 532 318 167 0 584 1360 226 12:56 126 255 972 376 0 196 32 402 224 12:56 0 1 612 314 184 0 224 1401 225 12:56 0 255 440 391 241 0 684 1403 224 12:56 0 8 764 318 178 0 700 1360 227 12:56 126 255 408 376 0 205 32 402 225 12:56 0 1 44 314 196 0 340 1401 226 12:56 0 1 896 392 252 0 800 1403 225 12:56 0 8 80 318 189 0 816 1360 228 12:56 126 255 868 377 0 214 144 402 226 12:56 0 255 376 314 207 0 568 1401 227 12:56 0 1 204 392 8 0 916 1403 226 12:56 0 255 196 318 200 0 8 1402 227 12:56 0 2 716 314 219 0 684 1401 228 12:56 0 1 548 392 32 0 116 1443 227 12:56 0 7 532 318 211 0 124 1400 230 12:56 126 255 856 377 0 242 256 402 228 12:56 0 1 36 314 241 0 908 1401 229 12:56 0 1 996 392 44 0 232 1443 228 12:56 0 8 648 318 234 0 348 1402 229 12:56 0 1 488 315 253 0 0 1441 230 12:56 0 255 204 392 55 0 460 144167

PAGE 180

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 229 12:56 0 8 880 318 245 0 464 1400 232 12:56 126 255 748 377 0 7 368 402 230 12:56 0 255 832 314 9 0 228 1441 231 12:56 0 1 660 392 67 0 576 1443 230 12:56 0 8 196 318 0 0 580 1400 233 12:56 126 255 184 376 0 16 368 402 231 12:57 0 1 140 314 21 0 344 1441 232 12:57 0 1 992 392 79 0 692 1443 231 12:57 0 255 312 317 12 0 796 1400 234 12:57 126 255 740 377 0 30 368 402 232 12:57 0 2 480 314 32 0 460 1441 233 12:57 0 1 312 391 102 0 916 1440 235 12:57 126 255 172 377 0 44 480 402 233 12:57 0 1 824 314 56 0 684 1441 234 12:57 0 1 760 391 114 0 8 1483 233 12:57 0 8 764 318 47 0 112 1440 236 12:57 126 255 628 377 0 56 480 401 235 12:57 0 255 992 391 125 0 236 1483 234 12:57 0 8 84 318 59 0 228 1440 237 12:57 126 255 64 376 0 67 592 402 235 12:57 0 255 596 314 80 0 4 1481 236 12:57 0 1 424 391 137 0 352 1483 235 12:57 0 9 312 318 71 0 344 1442 236 12:57 0 1 928 314 92 0 120 1481 237 12:57 0 1 756 391 149 0 468 148168

PAGE 181

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 236 12:57 0 255 428 318 82 0 560 1440 239 12:57 126 255 56 376 0 90 592 402 237 12:57 0 1 356 314 104 0 236 1481 238 12:57 0 1 184 392 171 0 692 1483 237 12:57 0 8 764 318 94 0 676 1440 240 12:57 126 255 512 376 0 102 704 402 238 12:57 0 1 588 314 127 0 460 1481 239 12:57 0 1 524 392 182 0 808 1483 238 12:58 0 8 880 318 118 0 900 1440 241 12:58 126 255 968 377 0 114 704 401 240 12:58 0 255 756 392 194 0 12 1523 239 12:58 0 8 200 318 130 0 1016 1440 242 12:58 126 255 404 377 0 123 816 402 240 12:58 0 255 360 314 151 0 804 1481 241 12:58 0 1 188 392 205 0 128 1523 240 12:58 0 255 428 318 142 0 208 1480 243 12:58 126 255 964 376 0 132 816 402 241 12:58 0 1 692 314 162 0 920 1481 242 12:58 0 1 520 392 228 0 352 1523 241 12:58 0 8 544 318 154 0 324 1480 244 12:58 126 255 396 377 0 144 816 401 243 12:58 0 1 972 391 239 0 468 1523 242 12:58 0 8 764 318 166 0 440 1480 245 12:58 126 255 852 376 0 156 928 402 243 12:58 0 1 460 314 196 0 236 152169

PAGE 182

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 244 12:58 0 1 288 392 250 0 584 1523 243 12:58 0 8 880 318 189 0 664 1480 246 12:58 126 255 396 377 0 168 928 402 244 12:58 0 1 804 314 207 0 352 1521 245 12:58 0 255 632 391 5 0 812 1523 244 12:58 0 8 200 318 200 0 780 1480 247 12:58 126 255 856 377 0 179 16 441 246 12:58 0 1 976 392 17 0 928 1523 245 12:58 0 255 428 318 212 0 996 1480 248 12:58 126 255 280 377 0 189 16 441 247 12:59 0 1 284 391 39 0 128 1563 246 12:59 0 9 544 318 223 0 88 1520 249 12:59 126 255 736 377 0 201 16 442 247 12:59 0 1 908 314 243 0 812 1521 248 12:59 0 1 736 392 51 0 244 1563 247 12:59 0 9 880 318 235 0 204 1520 250 12:59 126 255 168 377 0 213 128 441 249 12:59 0 1 52 391 62 0 360 1563 248 12:59 0 9 996 319 2 0 428 1520 251 12:59 126 255 736 377 0 225 128 442 249 12:59 0 1 568 314 23 0 128 1561 250 12:59 0 255 396 392 74 0 588 1563 249 12:59 0 9 428 318 14 0 544 1520 252 12:59 126 255 172 377 0 236 240 442 250 12:59 0 255 912 314 34 0 356 156170

PAGE 183

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 251 12:59 0 1 840 392 85 0 704 1563 250 12:59 0 255 544 318 25 0 760 1520 253 12:59 126 255 620 377 0 248 240 442 251 12:59 0 1 220 314 46 0 472 1561 252 12:59 0 1 48 392 108 0 928 1563 251 12:59 0 7 768 318 37 0 876 1522 252 12:59 0 1 672 314 69 0 696 1563 252 12:59 0 8 80 319 49 0 992 1520 255 12:59 126 255 508 376 0 19 352 442 253 12:59 0 1 1012 314 80 0 812 1561 254 12:59 0 1 840 392 130 0 136 1603 253 13:00 0 9 196 318 73 0 192 1560 256 13:00 126 255 52 376 0 32 352 441 255 13:00 0 255 160 391 142 0 364 1603 254 13:00 0 10 652 319 85 0 308 1560 257 13:00 126 255 512 377 0 42 464 442 255 13:00 0 255 676 315 102 0 132 1603 255 13:00 0 255 768 318 97 0 524 1560 258 13:00 126 255 960 377 0 52 464 442 256 13:00 0 1 92 316 113 0 248 1601 257 13:00 0 1 836 391 176 0 704 1603 256 13:00 0 8 996 319 109 0 640 1560 259 13:00 126 255 392 377 0 64 576 442 257 13:00 0 1 436 315 137 0 472 1601 258 13:00 0 1 264 391 187 0 820 160171

PAGE 184

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 260 13:00 126 255 956 377 0 79 576 442 258 13:00 0 1 776 316 149 0 588 1601 259 13:00 0 1 604 392 198 0 936 1602 259 13:00 0 1 208 315 160 0 704 1601 260 13:00 0 255 36 392 209 0 140 1643 259 13:00 0 9 768 318 154 0 72 1600 262 13:00 126 255 852 376 0 98 688 442 260 13:00 0 255 440 316 172 0 932 1601 261 13:00 0 1 368 392 220 0 256 1643 260 13:00 0 255 884 319 165 0 288 1600 263 13:00 126 255 276 377 0 108 688 442 261 13:00 0 1 880 315 184 0 24 1641 262 13:01 0 1 600 392 243 0 480 1643 261 13:01 0 8 88 318 177 0 404 1600 264 13:01 126 255 732 377 0 120 800 442 262 13:01 0 1 200 315 207 0 248 1641 263 13:01 0 1 28 391 254 0 596 1643 262 13:01 0 8 312 319 200 0 628 1600 265 13:01 126 255 272 376 0 136 800 442 263 13:01 0 1 540 315 219 0 364 1640 266 13:01 126 255 732 376 0 145 800 441 265 13:01 0 1 824 391 21 0 940 1643 264 13:01 0 9 884 319 224 0 860 1600 267 13:01 126 255 168 377 0 154 912 442 265 13:01 0 255 304 315 242 0 708 164172

PAGE 185

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 266 13:01 0 1 132 392 32 0 32 1683 265 13:01 0 255 1000 318 235 0 52 1640 268 13:01 126 255 724 377 0 167 912 442 266 13:01 0 1 644 316 254 0 824 1641 267 13:01 0 1 476 391 55 0 256 1683 266 13:01 0 8 204 319 246 0 168 1640 269 13:01 126 255 156 377 0 179 0 482 267 13:01 0 1 988 316 22 0 24 1681 268 13:01 0 1 816 392 66 0 372 1683 267 13:01 0 8 428 318 13 0 392 1640 270 13:01 126 255 612 377 0 191 0 482 268 13:01 0 1 304 316 34 0 140 1681 269 13:01 0 255 132 391 78 0 600 1682 269 13:02 0 1 760 316 45 0 256 1681 270 13:02 0 1 588 392 90 0 716 1683 269 13:02 0 8 1000 318 37 0 624 1640 272 13:02 126 255 508 376 0 209 112 482 270 13:02 0 255 68 315 56 0 484 1681 271 13:02 0 1 920 391 102 0 832 1683 270 13:02 0 255 92 319 49 0 840 1640 273 13:02 126 255 40 376 0 223 112 482 271 13:02 0 2 408 315 68 0 600 1681 272 13:02 0 1 240 392 126 0 32 1723 271 13:02 0 7 320 318 61 0 956 1640 274 13:02 126 255 496 377 0 237 224 48173

PAGE 186

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 272 13:02 0 1 752 315 91 0 824 1681 273 13:02 0 1 688 391 138 0 148 1723 272 13:02 0 8 544 319 84 0 156 1680 275 13:02 126 255 952 377 0 249 224 482 273 13:02 0 1 68 315 103 0 940 1681 274 13:02 0 255 920 392 149 0 376 1723 273 13:02 0 8 776 319 95 0 272 1680 276 13:02 126 255 388 377 0 2 336 482 274 13:02 0 255 524 315 114 0 144 1721 275 13:02 0 1 352 391 160 0 492 1723 274 13:02 0 8 92 319 107 0 388 1680 277 13:02 126 255 948 377 0 11 336 482 275 13:02 0 1 856 315 125 0 260 1721 276 13:02 0 1 684 391 172 0 608 1723 275 13:02 0 255 208 318 118 0 604 1680 278 13:02 126 255 380 376 0 24 336 482 276 13:02 0 1 172 315 137 0 376 1721 277 13:03 0 1 4 391 195 0 832 1723 276 13:03 0 7 436 319 130 0 720 1680 279 13:03 126 255 836 377 0 37 448 482 277 13:03 0 1 516 315 161 0 600 1721 278 13:03 0 1 452 392 207 0 948 1723 277 13:03 0 8 552 318 153 0 944 1680 280 13:03 126 255 268 377 0 49 448 482 278 13:03 0 1 968 315 173 0 716 172174

PAGE 187

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 279 13:03 0 255 684 392 219 0 152 1763 278 13:03 0 8 784 319 165 0 36 1720 281 13:03 126 255 728 376 0 58 560 482 279 13:03 0 255 288 315 184 0 944 1721 280 13:03 0 1 116 392 230 0 268 1763 279 13:03 0 8 1012 318 177 0 152 1720 282 13:03 126 255 264 377 0 67 560 482 280 13:03 0 1 620 316 196 0 36 1761 281 13:03 0 1 448 392 241 0 384 1763 280 13:03 0 255 104 319 189 0 368 1720 283 13:03 126 255 720 376 0 81 560 482 281 13:03 0 2 48 315 208 0 152 1761 282 13:03 0 1 900 392 8 0 608 1763 281 13:03 0 7 440 318 201 0 484 1720 284 13:03 126 255 152 376 0 95 672 482 282 13:03 0 1 280 315 230 0 376 1761 283 13:03 0 1 216 391 20 0 724 1763 282 13:03 0 8 556 319 225 0 708 1720 285 13:03 126 255 608 376 0 107 672 482 283 13:03 0 1 732 316 242 0 492 1761 284 13:03 0 255 448 391 32 0 952 1763 283 13:03 0 8 900 318 236 0 824 1720 286 13:04 126 255 140 376 0 116 784 482 284 13:04 0 255 52 316 253 0 720 1761 285 13:04 0 1 788 391 44 0 44 180175

PAGE 188

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 284 13:04 0 8 104 319 248 0 940 1720 287 13:04 126 255 604 377 0 125 784 482 285 13:04 0 1 384 316 8 0 836 1761 286 13:04 0 1 96 392 67 0 268 1803 285 13:04 0 255 220 318 4 0 132 1760 288 13:04 126 255 36 377 0 139 784 482 286 13:04 0 2 836 317 19 0 952 1761 287 13:04 0 1 548 392 78 0 384 1803 286 13:04 0 7 556 319 16 0 248 1760 289 13:04 126 255 492 376 0 153 896 481 288 13:04 0 1 888 392 89 0 500 1800 290 13:04 126 255 36 376 0 165 896 482 288 13:04 0 1 496 317 54 0 268 1801 289 13:04 0 255 208 392 100 0 728 1803 288 13:04 0 8 1016 319 51 0 588 1760 291 13:04 126 255 496 376 0 174 1008 482 289 13:04 0 255 840 316 66 0 496 1801 290 13:04 0 1 552 391 112 0 844 1803 289 13:04 0 255 220 318 63 0 804 1760 292 13:04 126 255 944 377 0 183 1008 482 290 13:04 0 1 48 317 78 0 612 1801 291 13:04 0 1 884 391 135 0 44 1843 290 13:04 0 8 336 319 74 0 920 1760 293 13:04 126 255 376 377 0 195 96 522 291 13:04 0 1 500 316 90 0 728 180176

PAGE 189

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 292 13:05 0 1 312 392 147 0 160 1843 291 13:05 0 8 560 318 85 0 12 1800 294 13:05 126 255 832 376 0 207 96 522 292 13:05 0 1 840 316 114 0 952 1801 293 13:05 0 1 652 391 158 0 276 1843 292 13:05 0 8 676 319 108 0 236 1800 295 13:05 126 255 376 376 0 220 96 521 294 13:05 0 255 996 392 169 0 504 1843 293 13:05 0 9 1020 319 119 0 352 1800 296 13:05 126 255 836 377 0 229 208 522 294 13:05 0 255 504 316 137 0 272 1841 295 13:05 0 1 416 391 181 0 620 1843 294 13:05 0 255 224 318 130 0 568 1800 297 13:05 126 255 260 376 0 239 208 521 296 13:05 0 1 648 392 204 0 844 1843 295 13:05 0 8 340 319 141 0 684 1800 298 13:05 126 255 716 376 0 251 320 522 296 13:05 0 1 264 316 173 0 612 1841 297 13:05 0 1 76 391 215 0 960 1843 296 13:05 0 8 676 319 153 0 800 1800 299 13:05 126 255 256 376 0 10 320 521 298 13:05 0 1 416 391 227 0 52 1883 297 13:05 0 8 792 319 176 0 0 1840 300 13:05 126 255 716 376 0 19 320 522 298 13:05 0 1 948 316 197 0 844 184177

PAGE 190

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 299 13:05 0 255 760 392 239 0 280 1883 298 13:05 0 8 224 319 187 0 116 1840 301 13:06 126 255 152 377 0 29 432 522 299 13:06 0 255 268 314 208 0 48 1881 300 13:06 0 1 180 392 250 0 396 1883 299 13:06 0 255 340 319 199 0 332 1840 302 13:06 126 255 600 376 0 40 432 522 300 13:06 0 1 708 315 220 0 164 1881 301 13:06 0 1 412 391 17 0 620 1883 300 13:06 0 6 564 319 210 0 448 1840 303 13:06 126 255 32 376 0 54 544 522 301 13:06 0 1 28 316 243 0 388 1881 302 13:06 0 1 864 392 29 0 736 1883 301 13:06 0 7 900 319 221 0 564 1840 304 13:06 126 255 596 376 0 70 544 522 302 13:06 0 1 368 316 254 0 504 1881 303 13:06 0 1 180 391 40 0 852 1883 302 13:06 0 8 1016 319 245 0 788 1840 305 13:06 126 255 32 376 0 79 544 522 303 13:06 0 1 824 315 10 0 620 1883 303 13:06 0 8 448 318 0 0 904 1840 306 13:06 126 255 492 377 0 88 656 522 304 13:06 0 255 32 315 22 0 848 1881 305 13:06 0 1 968 391 64 0 172 1923 304 13:06 0 255 564 319 11 0 96 188178

PAGE 191

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 307 13:06 126 255 940 376 0 99 656 522 305 13:06 0 1 472 315 33 0 964 1881 306 13:06 0 1 176 392 87 0 396 1923 305 13:06 0 7 900 319 23 0 212 1880 308 13:06 126 255 480 377 0 116 768 522 306 13:06 0 1 816 316 56 0 164 1921 307 13:07 0 1 628 391 98 0 512 1923 306 13:07 0 8 100 319 34 0 328 1880 309 13:07 126 255 936 377 0 128 768 522 307 13:07 0 1 132 315 67 0 280 1921 308 13:07 0 255 968 391 110 0 740 1923 307 13:07 0 8 332 319 57 0 552 1880 310 13:07 126 255 372 376 0 137 768 522 308 13:07 0 1 588 316 78 0 396 1921 309 13:07 0 1 400 391 122 0 856 1923 308 13:07 0 8 672 319 68 0 668 1880 311 13:07 126 255 832 376 0 146 880 522 309 13:07 0 255 920 315 89 0 624 1920 312 13:07 126 255 364 377 0 159 880 522 310 13:07 0 1 236 315 100 0 740 1921 311 13:07 0 1 52 391 156 0 172 1963 310 13:07 0 7 1016 319 91 0 1000 1880 313 13:07 126 255 820 376 0 171 992 522 311 13:07 0 1 580 314 124 0 964 1921 312 13:07 0 1 392 392 168 0 288 196179

PAGE 192

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 311 13:07 0 8 216 319 115 0 200 1920 314 13:07 126 255 252 376 0 184 992 521 313 13:07 0 255 848 391 179 0 516 1963 312 13:07 0 8 448 319 145 0 432 1920 315 13:07 126 255 712 376 0 193 80 562 313 13:07 0 1 468 315 147 0 172 1961 314 13:07 0 1 280 392 190 0 632 1963 313 13:07 0 8 788 319 157 0 548 1920 316 13:08 126 255 148 376 0 202 80 561 315 13:08 0 1 612 391 202 0 748 1963 314 13:08 0 255 904 319 169 0 764 1920 317 13:08 126 255 704 377 0 215 80 562 315 13:08 0 1 116 316 169 0 516 1961 316 13:08 0 1 956 392 226 0 972 1963 315 13:08 0 7 108 318 181 0 880 1920 318 13:08 126 255 136 377 0 228 192 562 316 13:08 0 1 460 316 193 0 740 1961 317 13:08 0 1 380 391 238 0 64 2003 316 13:08 0 8 332 319 204 0 80 1960 319 13:08 126 255 592 376 0 240 192 562 317 13:08 0 1 800 316 205 0 856 1961 318 13:08 0 255 612 392 249 0 292 2003 317 13:08 0 8 564 319 216 0 196 1960 320 13:08 126 255 28 377 0 249 304 562 318 13:08 0 1 232 317 216 0 972 196180

PAGE 193

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 319 13:08 0 1 44 391 4 0 408 2003 318 13:08 0 8 904 319 228 0 312 1960 321 13:08 126 255 588 376 0 2 304 562 319 13:08 0 1 564 315 228 0 176 2001 320 13:08 0 1 492 391 16 0 524 2003 319 13:08 0 255 112 319 240 0 528 1960 322 13:08 126 255 20 376 0 15 304 562 320 13:08 0 1 904 316 1 0 408 2001 321 13:08 0 1 836 391 39 0 748 2000 323 13:08 126 255 476 376 0 27 416 562 321 13:08 0 1 224 315 24 0 632 2001 322 13:09 0 1 260 392 50 0 864 2003 321 13:09 0 8 564 319 18 0 868 1960 324 13:09 126 255 932 376 0 40 416 562 322 13:09 0 1 676 316 36 0 748 2001 323 13:09 0 255 492 391 62 0 68 2043 322 13:09 0 8 796 320 30 0 984 1960 325 13:09 126 255 368 375 0 49 528 562 323 13:09 0 255 1020 316 47 0 976 2001 324 13:09 0 1 948 391 74 0 184 2043 323 13:09 0 8 112 319 42 0 76 2000 326 13:09 126 255 928 376 0 58 528 561 325 13:09 0 1 256 392 86 0 300 2043 324 13:09 0 255 228 319 53 0 292 2000 327 13:09 126 255 360 376 0 71 528 56181

PAGE 194

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 325 13:09 0 1 780 315 70 0 184 2041 326 13:09 0 1 708 392 109 0 524 2043 325 13:09 0 7 564 319 65 0 408 2000 328 13:09 126 255 816 376 0 83 640 562 326 13:09 0 1 1012 315 93 0 408 2043 326 13:09 0 7 680 319 88 0 632 2000 329 13:09 126 255 360 376 0 95 640 562 327 13:09 0 1 440 315 105 0 524 2041 328 13:09 0 255 256 392 132 0 868 2043 327 13:09 0 7 0 319 100 0 748 2000 330 13:09 126 255 820 377 0 105 752 562 328 13:09 0 255 784 315 116 0 752 2041 329 13:09 0 1 712 391 143 0 984 2043 328 13:09 0 8 228 319 112 0 864 2000 331 13:10 126 255 244 376 0 114 752 562 329 13:10 0 1 92 315 128 0 868 2041 330 13:10 0 1 20 391 165 0 184 2083 329 13:10 0 255 344 319 123 0 56 2040 332 13:10 126 255 700 377 0 127 752 561 331 13:10 0 1 472 391 177 0 300 2083 330 13:10 0 7 796 319 134 0 172 2040 333 13:10 126 255 132 376 0 139 864 562 331 13:10 0 1 884 315 164 0 184 2081 332 13:10 0 1 812 392 189 0 416 2083 331 13:10 0 7 912 319 158 0 396 204182

PAGE 195

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 332 13:10 0 1 204 316 176 0 300 2081 333 13:10 0 255 132 391 200 0 644 2080 335 13:10 126 255 136 377 0 160 976 562 333 13:10 0 255 548 316 188 0 528 2081 334 13:10 0 1 476 392 212 0 760 2080 336 13:10 126 255 584 376 0 170 976 562 334 13:10 0 1 880 315 200 0 644 2081 335 13:10 0 1 808 392 235 0 984 2083 334 13:10 0 255 576 319 193 0 844 2040 337 13:10 126 255 16 376 0 183 64 602 335 13:10 0 1 308 315 212 0 760 2081 336 13:10 0 1 236 392 247 0 76 2123 335 13:10 0 7 912 319 205 0 960 2040 338 13:10 126 255 472 376 0 195 64 601 337 13:11 0 1 576 391 2 0 192 2123 336 13:11 0 8 4 319 228 0 160 2080 339 13:11 126 255 16 377 0 208 64 602 337 13:11 0 1 992 315 246 0 76 2121 338 13:11 0 255 920 391 13 0 420 2123 337 13:11 0 8 348 319 239 0 276 2082 338 13:11 0 255 312 316 2 0 304 2121 339 13:11 0 1 340 391 24 0 536 2123 338 13:11 0 255 576 319 251 0 492 2082 339 13:11 0 1 644 315 14 0 420 2121 340 13:11 0 1 572 392 47 0 760 212183

PAGE 196

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 339 13:11 0 7 692 319 7 0 608 2080 342 13:11 126 255 356 376 0 240 288 602 340 13:11 0 1 72 317 25 0 536 2121 341 13:11 0 1 0 392 58 0 876 2123 340 13:11 0 8 4 319 19 0 724 2080 343 13:11 126 255 920 377 0 255 288 602 341 13:11 0 1 412 315 49 0 760 2121 342 13:11 0 1 340 392 69 0 992 2120 344 13:11 126 255 356 376 0 8 288 602 342 13:11 0 1 756 316 60 0 876 2121 343 13:11 0 255 684 391 80 0 196 2163 342 13:11 0 8 464 319 55 0 40 2120 345 13:11 126 255 816 376 0 17 400 602 343 13:11 0 255 76 315 71 0 80 2161 344 13:11 0 1 1012 392 92 0 312 2163 343 13:11 0 255 692 319 67 0 256 2120 346 13:12 126 255 240 377 0 27 400 601 345 13:12 0 2 220 391 116 0 536 2163 344 13:12 0 7 924 319 79 0 372 2120 347 13:12 126 255 696 376 0 42 512 602 345 13:12 0 1 880 315 106 0 420 2163 345 13:12 0 8 236 319 91 0 488 2120 348 13:12 126 255 236 376 0 57 512 602 346 13:12 0 1 196 316 118 0 536 2163 346 13:12 0 8 352 319 115 0 712 212184

PAGE 197

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 349 13:12 126 255 696 376 0 67 512 602 347 13:12 0 1 540 315 129 0 652 2161 348 13:12 0 255 444 392 150 0 996 2163 347 13:12 0 9 808 319 127 0 828 2120 350 13:12 126 255 132 377 0 76 624 602 348 13:12 0 255 884 315 140 0 880 2161 349 13:12 0 1 776 392 161 0 88 2203 348 13:12 0 255 924 320 138 0 20 2160 351 13:12 126 255 688 377 0 89 624 602 349 13:12 0 1 300 315 151 0 996 2161 350 13:12 0 1 1008 392 183 0 312 2203 349 13:12 0 8 16 319 149 0 136 2160 352 13:12 126 255 120 377 0 102 736 602 350 13:12 0 1 760 316 173 0 196 2201 351 13:12 0 2 552 391 194 0 428 2203 350 13:12 0 8 468 319 179 0 368 2160 353 13:12 126 255 576 377 0 115 736 601 352 13:13 0 255 892 392 205 0 656 2203 351 13:13 0 8 700 319 202 0 592 2160 354 13:13 126 255 12 377 0 125 736 602 352 13:13 0 1 532 316 195 0 428 2203 352 13:13 0 8 132 320 214 0 708 2160 355 13:13 126 255 472 377 0 135 848 602 353 13:13 0 255 764 316 207 0 656 2203 353 13:13 0 255 248 319 225 0 924 216185

PAGE 198

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 356 13:13 126 255 4 376 0 150 848 601 355 13:13 0 1 1000 392 252 0 88 2240 357 13:13 126 255 460 377 0 163 960 602 355 13:13 0 1 524 316 243 0 996 2201 356 13:13 0 1 316 392 7 0 204 2243 355 13:13 0 8 808 319 249 0 132 2200 358 13:13 126 255 916 376 0 175 960 602 356 13:13 0 1 864 317 255 0 88 2241 357 13:13 0 255 656 392 19 0 432 2240 359 13:13 126 255 352 377 0 186 48 642 357 13:13 0 1 296 316 10 0 204 2241 358 13:13 0 2 88 392 30 0 548 2240 360 13:13 126 255 912 377 0 195 48 642 358 13:13 0 255 628 316 22 0 432 2243 358 13:13 0 255 588 320 41 0 688 2200 361 13:14 126 255 344 376 0 210 48 642 359 13:14 0 1 968 316 34 0 548 2241 360 13:14 0 2 764 392 65 0 888 2243 359 13:14 0 8 816 319 52 0 804 2200 362 13:14 126 255 800 376 0 223 160 642 360 13:14 0 1 288 318 57 0 772 2241 361 13:14 0 1 188 391 77 0 1004 2240 363 13:14 126 255 232 377 0 235 160 642 361 13:14 0 1 628 316 69 0 888 2241 362 13:14 0 255 420 392 88 0 208 228186

PAGE 199

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 364 13:14 126 255 692 377 0 244 272 643 362 13:14 0 8 588 319 98 0 236 2240 365 13:14 126 255 228 376 0 253 272 643 363 13:14 0 255 704 319 109 0 452 2241 364 13:14 0 1 184 392 112 0 440 2280 366 13:14 126 255 684 377 0 11 272 642 364 13:14 0 2 732 317 104 0 324 2283 364 13:14 0 7 24 320 120 0 568 2241 365 13:14 0 1 644 392 135 0 664 2280 367 13:14 126 255 116 377 0 26 384 642 365 13:14 0 1 52 316 146 0 664 2283 365 13:14 0 9 248 319 142 0 792 2240 368 13:14 126 255 572 377 0 41 384 642 366 13:14 0 1 524 317 158 0 780 2283 366 13:15 0 10 480 320 154 0 908 2241 367 13:15 0 255 416 391 157 0 1008 2280 369 13:15 126 255 8 376 0 51 496 642 367 13:15 0 255 868 316 170 0 1008 2283 367 13:15 0 10 936 320 166 0 0 2281 368 13:15 0 1 872 392 169 0 100 2320 370 13:15 126 255 568 377 0 62 496 642 368 13:15 0 1 176 317 182 0 100 2323 368 13:15 0 255 28 320 177 0 216 2280 371 13:15 126 255 0 377 0 76 496 642 369 13:15 0 1 516 316 193 0 216 232187

PAGE 200

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 369 13:15 0 9 364 319 189 0 332 2281 370 13:15 0 1 632 392 203 0 440 2320 372 13:15 126 255 456 377 0 88 608 642 370 13:15 0 1 860 317 216 0 440 2323 370 13:15 0 9 480 320 212 0 556 2281 371 13:15 0 1 972 392 214 0 556 2320 373 13:15 126 255 0 376 0 101 608 642 371 13:15 0 1 288 316 227 0 556 2320 374 13:15 126 255 460 376 0 111 720 642 372 13:15 0 255 632 317 239 0 784 2323 372 13:15 0 9 140 319 236 0 788 2281 373 13:15 0 1 636 392 238 0 900 2320 375 13:15 126 255 908 377 0 121 720 642 373 13:15 0 1 964 315 250 0 900 2323 373 13:15 0 255 364 319 248 0 1004 2280 376 13:16 126 255 340 377 0 135 832 642 374 13:16 0 1 392 317 6 0 1016 2323 374 13:16 0 8 700 320 4 0 96 2320 377 13:16 126 255 796 377 0 147 832 642 375 13:16 0 1 740 319 28 0 216 2363 375 13:16 0 8 816 319 27 0 320 2321 376 13:16 0 1 736 392 46 0 448 2360 378 13:16 126 255 340 377 0 160 832 642 376 13:16 0 1 168 318 40 0 332 2363 376 13:16 0 8 132 320 38 0 436 232188

PAGE 201

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 377 13:16 0 255 56 392 58 0 676 2360 379 13:16 126 255 800 377 0 170 944 642 377 13:16 0 255 512 320 52 0 560 2363 377 13:16 0 8 476 319 50 0 552 2321 378 13:16 0 1 400 392 69 0 792 2360 380 13:16 126 255 224 377 0 180 944 642 378 13:16 0 1 844 319 64 0 676 2363 378 13:16 0 255 700 320 61 0 768 2321 379 13:16 0 1 732 392 91 0 1016 2360 381 13:16 126 255 680 377 0 196 32 682 379 13:16 0 2 272 318 76 0 792 2363 379 13:16 0 7 12 319 73 0 884 2320 382 13:16 126 255 220 377 0 214 32 682 380 13:16 0 1 612 319 99 0 1016 2363 380 13:16 0 8 244 320 96 0 84 2361 381 13:16 0 1 500 392 115 0 224 2402 381 13:16 0 1 956 316 111 0 108 2403 381 13:17 0 8 584 320 108 0 200 2361 382 13:17 0 255 844 392 127 0 452 2400 384 13:17 126 255 116 376 0 234 144 682 382 13:17 0 255 276 320 123 0 336 2403 382 13:17 0 255 928 319 120 0 416 2360 385 13:17 126 255 564 377 0 244 144 682 383 13:17 0 1 608 317 135 0 452 2403 383 13:17 0 9 20 320 131 0 532 236189

PAGE 202

AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 384 13:17 0 1 496 392 161 0 792 2400 386 13:17 126 255 1020 377 0 1 256 682 384 13:17 0 1 36 318 146 0 568 2401 385 13:17 0 2 948 392 173 0 908 2400 387 13:17 126 255 560 377 0 17 256 682 385 13:17 0 1 260 317 169 0 792 2403 385 13:17 0 9 588 319 167 0 872 2361 386 13:17 0 1 264 392 184 0 0 2440 388 13:17 126 255 1020 377 0 27 256 683 386 13:17 0 9 928 320 178 0 988 2361 387 13:17 0 255 608 392 195 0 228 2440 389 13:17 126 255 456 377 0 37 368 682 387 13:17 0 255 948 316 193 0 112 2441 388 13:17 0 1 28 392 207 0 344 2440 390 13:17 126 255 904 377 0 47 368 682 388 13:17 0 1 364 318 204 0 228 2443 388 13:17 0 9 472 320 202 0 296 2401 389 13:18 0 1 260 392 230 0 568 2440 391 13:18 126 255 444 377 0 63 480 681 390 13:18 0 1 712 392 241 0 684 2440 392 13:18 126 255 900 376 0 76 480 682 390 13:18 0 1 24 317 238 0 568 2443 390 13:18 0 9 0 320 237 0 636 2401 391 13:18 0 2 28 392 252 0 800 2442 391 13:18 0 1 368 316 249 0 684 244190

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 391 13:18 0 9 344 320 249 0 752 2400 394 13:18 126 255 796 377 0 96 592 682 392 13:18 0 255 712 317 5 0 912 2443 392 13:18 0 255 688 320 5 0 968 2401 393 13:18 0 1 816 392 20 0 120 2480 395 13:18 126 255 328 377 0 111 592 682 393 13:18 0 1 128 316 16 0 4 2483 393 13:18 0 9 912 320 16 0 60 2440 396 13:18 126 255 784 376 0 124 704 682 394 13:18 0 1 472 318 39 0 228 2483 394 13:18 0 9 224 320 28 0 176 2441 395 13:18 0 2 476 392 55 0 460 2480 397 13:18 126 255 216 377 0 137 704 682 395 13:18 0 1 812 316 50 0 344 2483 395 13:18 0 9 456 319 52 0 400 2441 396 13:18 0 255 816 392 67 0 688 2482 396 13:18 0 1 244 317 61 0 460 2483 396 13:19 0 10 912 320 63 0 516 2441 397 13:19 0 1 248 392 78 0 804 2480 399 13:19 126 255 112 377 0 157 816 682 397 13:19 0 255 476 316 72 0 688 2483 397 13:19 0 255 4 320 75 0 732 2441 398 13:19 0 2 580 392 90 0 920 2480 400 13:19 126 255 668 377 0 170 816 682 398 13:19 0 1 916 317 83 0 804 248191

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 398 13:19 0 10 140 320 87 0 848 2441 399 13:19 0 1 924 392 113 0 120 2520 401 13:19 126 255 100 377 0 183 928 683 399 13:19 0 10 476 319 98 0 964 2441 400 13:19 0 2 240 392 124 0 236 2520 402 13:19 126 255 556 376 0 197 928 682 400 13:19 0 1 576 317 118 0 120 2523 400 13:19 0 9 708 320 121 0 164 2481 401 13:19 0 255 580 392 135 0 464 2520 403 13:19 126 255 1016 377 0 207 16 722 401 13:19 0 1 8 317 129 0 236 2523 401 13:19 0 10 140 319 133 0 280 2481 402 13:19 0 1 12 392 146 0 580 2520 404 13:19 126 255 552 377 0 217 16 722 402 13:19 0 255 340 317 141 0 464 2523 402 13:19 0 255 256 320 144 0 496 2481 403 13:19 0 1 344 392 158 0 696 2520 405 13:19 126 255 1008 377 0 232 16 722 403 13:19 0 1 680 316 152 0 580 2523 403 13:19 0 8 600 320 156 0 612 2481 404 13:19 0 1 804 392 182 0 920 2520 406 13:20 126 255 440 377 0 244 128 722 404 13:20 0 1 0 317 193 0 920 2521 405 13:20 0 1 228 392 194 0 12 2560 407 13:20 126 255 896 376 0 0 128 72192

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 405 13:20 0 1 340 317 205 0 12 2563 405 13:20 0 8 940 319 190 0 952 2481 406 13:20 0 255 460 392 206 0 240 2560 408 13:20 126 255 332 376 0 9 240 723 406 13:20 0 8 372 320 201 0 44 2521 407 13:20 0 1 916 392 218 0 356 2560 409 13:20 126 255 892 377 0 19 240 722 407 13:20 0 255 124 316 227 0 356 2563 407 13:20 0 255 488 319 213 0 260 2520 410 13:20 126 255 432 376 0 33 240 722 408 13:20 0 2 464 317 239 0 472 2563 408 13:20 0 6 716 320 224 0 376 2521 409 13:20 0 1 568 391 253 0 696 2560 411 13:20 126 255 896 376 0 47 352 722 409 13:20 0 1 808 317 5 0 696 2563 409 13:20 0 8 940 320 247 0 600 2522 410 13:20 0 1 124 317 16 0 812 2560 412 13:20 126 255 328 376 0 63 352 723 410 13:20 0 8 32 320 3 0 716 2521 411 13:20 0 255 224 391 20 0 16 2602 411 13:20 0 255 580 317 28 0 16 2600 413 13:20 126 255 900 376 0 72 464 723 411 13:21 0 8 488 319 15 0 832 2521 412 13:21 0 1 680 392 32 0 132 2600 414 13:21 126 255 324 377 0 81 464 72193

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 413 13:21 0 1 1012 391 43 0 304 2602 413 13:21 0 1 228 316 51 0 248 2603 413 13:21 0 7 832 320 38 0 140 2561 414 13:21 0 1 440 392 67 0 472 2602 414 13:21 0 1 572 317 73 0 472 2600 416 13:21 126 255 212 376 0 106 576 723 414 13:21 0 8 32 320 62 0 364 2561 415 13:21 0 1 780 392 79 0 588 2602 415 13:21 0 1 0 316 84 0 588 2600 417 13:21 126 255 780 376 0 119 576 723 415 13:21 0 8 148 320 74 0 480 2561 416 13:21 0 255 1012 392 91 0 816 2602 416 13:21 0 255 344 317 96 0 816 2600 418 13:21 126 255 216 376 0 128 688 721 417 13:21 0 1 444 392 103 0 932 2602 417 13:21 0 1 676 316 107 0 932 2600 419 13:21 126 255 664 376 0 137 688 723 417 13:21 0 255 720 319 96 0 812 2561 418 13:21 0 1 776 392 127 0 132 2642 418 13:21 0 1 104 317 119 0 24 2643 418 13:21 0 7 32 320 107 0 928 2561 419 13:21 0 1 204 392 139 0 248 2642 419 13:22 0 1 336 316 142 0 248 2640 421 13:22 126 255 552 376 0 162 800 723 419 13:22 0 8 148 320 131 0 128 260194

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 420 13:22 0 1 808 318 153 0 364 2640 422 13:22 126 255 96 376 0 176 800 723 420 13:22 0 8 264 320 143 0 244 2601 421 13:22 0 255 780 392 163 0 592 2642 421 13:22 0 255 128 316 164 0 592 2640 423 13:22 126 255 556 376 0 186 912 723 421 13:22 0 8 720 320 155 0 360 2601 422 13:22 0 1 100 392 175 0 708 2642 422 13:22 0 1 460 318 175 0 708 2640 424 13:22 126 255 1004 376 0 195 912 723 422 13:22 0 255 836 320 167 0 576 2601 423 13:22 0 1 432 392 199 0 932 2642 423 13:22 0 1 912 317 186 0 824 2640 425 13:22 126 255 436 376 0 208 0 763 423 13:22 0 7 148 320 179 0 692 2601 424 13:22 0 1 884 392 210 0 24 2680 426 13:22 126 255 1000 376 0 225 0 763 424 13:22 0 8 264 320 201 0 916 2601 425 13:22 0 2 200 392 222 0 140 2680 427 13:22 126 255 436 376 0 236 0 763 425 13:22 0 8 608 320 213 0 8 2641 426 13:22 0 255 544 392 233 0 368 2682 426 13:22 0 255 916 318 232 0 368 2680 428 13:22 126 255 896 376 0 246 112 763 426 13:23 0 8 952 320 224 0 124 264195

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 427 13:23 0 1 224 317 243 0 484 2680 429 13:23 126 255 320 376 0 0 112 763 427 13:23 0 255 44 320 235 0 340 2641 428 13:23 0 1 324 392 12 0 708 2680 430 13:23 126 255 776 376 0 14 224 763 428 13:23 0 7 380 320 246 0 456 2641 429 13:23 0 1 776 392 23 0 824 2682 429 13:23 0 1 1016 317 21 0 824 2680 431 13:23 126 255 316 376 0 30 224 763 429 13:23 0 8 496 320 14 0 680 2641 430 13:23 0 1 92 392 35 0 940 2682 430 13:23 0 1 336 317 33 0 940 2680 432 13:23 126 255 776 377 0 39 224 763 430 13:23 0 8 724 320 25 0 796 2642 431 13:23 0 255 680 317 44 0 144 2720 433 13:23 126 255 212 376 0 48 336 763 431 13:23 0 255 44 320 37 0 1012 2641 432 13:23 0 1 880 392 59 0 260 2722 432 13:23 0 1 1012 317 56 0 260 2720 434 13:23 126 255 768 377 0 61 336 763 432 13:23 0 9 160 320 48 0 104 2681 433 13:23 0 1 88 392 82 0 484 2722 433 13:23 0 1 440 316 79 0 484 2720 435 13:23 126 255 200 376 0 73 448 763 433 13:23 0 9 496 320 60 0 220 268196

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 434 13:23 0 1 540 392 93 0 600 2722 434 13:24 0 1 780 317 90 0 600 2720 436 13:24 126 255 656 377 0 85 448 763 434 13:24 0 9 612 320 84 0 444 2681 435 13:24 0 255 900 392 105 0 828 2722 435 13:24 0 1 100 316 101 0 716 2720 437 13:24 126 255 92 376 0 94 448 763 435 13:24 0 9 956 320 96 0 560 2681 436 13:24 0 1 332 392 117 0 944 2720 438 13:24 126 255 552 376 0 103 560 763 436 13:24 0 255 160 320 107 0 776 2681 437 13:24 0 1 664 392 128 0 36 2762 437 13:24 0 1 884 316 123 0 36 2760 439 13:24 126 255 84 376 0 115 560 761 438 13:24 0 1 896 392 151 0 260 2762 438 13:24 0 1 204 317 147 0 260 2761 439 13:24 0 1 324 392 163 0 376 2762 439 13:24 0 1 544 316 159 0 376 2760 441 13:24 126 255 996 376 0 139 672 761 440 13:24 0 255 664 392 174 0 604 2762 440 13:24 0 1 1000 317 170 0 492 2760 442 13:24 126 255 432 377 0 148 784 763 440 13:24 0 9 160 320 166 0 324 2721 441 13:24 0 1 96 392 185 0 720 2762 441 13:24 0 255 228 316 181 0 720 276197

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 443 13:24 126 255 892 376 0 158 784 763 441 13:24 0 255 276 320 177 0 540 2721 442 13:25 0 1 428 392 197 0 836 2762 442 13:25 0 1 668 317 193 0 836 2760 444 13:25 126 255 424 377 0 170 784 763 442 13:25 0 8 392 320 189 0 656 2721 443 13:25 0 1 772 392 221 0 36 2802 443 13:25 0 1 1012 316 216 0 36 2800 445 13:25 126 255 880 376 0 182 896 763 443 13:25 0 8 728 320 201 0 772 2721 444 13:25 0 1 88 392 233 0 152 2802 444 13:25 0 1 328 316 228 0 152 2800 446 13:25 126 255 312 376 0 194 896 763 444 13:25 0 8 844 320 224 0 996 2721 445 13:25 0 255 428 392 244 0 380 2802 445 13:25 0 1 784 316 240 0 268 2800 447 13:25 126 255 772 377 0 203 1008 763 445 13:25 0 8 276 320 235 0 88 2761 446 13:25 0 1 884 392 255 0 496 2802 446 13:25 0 255 92 317 251 0 496 2800 448 13:25 126 255 308 377 0 215 1008 762 447 13:25 0 2 432 318 7 0 612 2800 449 13:25 126 255 764 376 0 231 1008 763 447 13:25 0 6 736 320 3 0 420 2761 448 13:25 0 2 536 392 34 0 836 280198

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 448 13:25 0 1 776 318 30 0 836 2800 450 13:25 126 255 196 376 0 245 96 803 448 13:25 0 7 52 320 14 0 536 2761 449 13:25 0 1 984 392 45 0 952 2802 449 13:26 0 1 92 317 41 0 952 2800 451 13:26 126 255 652 376 0 3 96 801 450 13:26 0 255 192 392 57 0 156 2842 450 13:26 0 1 568 317 52 0 44 2840 452 13:26 126 255 88 377 0 14 208 801 451 13:26 0 1 648 392 68 0 272 2842 451 13:26 0 255 900 317 64 0 272 2840 453 13:26 126 255 648 377 0 26 208 803 451 13:26 0 255 740 320 60 0 68 2801 452 13:26 0 2 980 392 80 0 388 2842 452 13:26 0 2 216 316 75 0 388 2840 454 13:26 126 255 80 376 0 42 208 803 452 13:26 0 5 968 321 71 0 184 2802 453 13:26 0 1 560 316 98 0 612 2840 455 13:26 126 255 536 377 0 56 320 803 453 13:26 0 7 284 320 94 0 408 2802 454 13:26 0 1 900 317 110 0 728 2840 456 13:26 126 255 80 377 0 70 320 803 454 13:26 0 8 400 321 106 0 524 2801 455 13:26 0 255 980 392 125 0 956 2840 457 13:26 126 255 540 377 0 80 432 80199

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.2ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y3 455 13:26 0 9 856 320 117 0 640 2801 456 13:26 0 1 412 392 137 0 48 288200

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.3CompatibilityValidation:Node1withK USF-B-MACProtocolOtherswithStandardB-MACProtocolId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 3 15:06 126 255 616 379 30 30 152 00 4 15:06 126 255 40 379 30 50 152 00 5 15:06 126 255 272 379 41 60 228 00 6 15:06 126 255 656 378 41 80 228 00 7 15:06 126 255 888 379 41 90 228 00 8 15:06 126 255 204 380 53 105 304 00 9 15:06 126 255 544 379 53 120 304 00 10 15:07 126 255 776 380 65 130 404 02 10 15:07 0 255 716 391 163 85 488 41 10 15:07 0 255 856 305 0 0 488 40 11 15:07 126 255 184 380 65 150 404 02 11 15:07 0 255 932 391 175 90 604 40 12 15:07 126 255 416 379 65 160 404 01 12 15:07 0 255 256 306 23 0 720 40 13 15:07 126 255 740 379 76 175 504 02 13 15:07 0 255 332 391 211 95 928 40 14 15:07 126 255 40 380 76 190 504 01 14 15:07 0 255 588 306 57 0 20 82 15 15:07 0 255 764 391 247 105 236 81 15 15:07 0 255 804 305 69 0 236 80 16 15:07 126 255 704 380 87 220 604 02 16 15:08 0 255 880 391 2 105 352 8201

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.3ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 16 15:08 0 255 920 305 81 0 352 80 17 15:08 126 255 936 379 87 230 604 02 17 15:08 0 255 72 391 14 110 468 81 17 15:08 0 255 204 306 92 0 468 80 18 15:08 126 255 236 379 99 245 704 01 18 15:08 0 255 320 306 116 0 676 80 19 15:08 126 255 560 380 99 4 704 02 19 15:08 0 255 496 391 49 115 792 80 20 15:08 126 255 792 379 110 14 804 02 20 15:08 0 255 712 391 72 120 1008 81 20 15:08 0 255 752 306 138 0 1008 80 21 15:08 126 255 200 379 110 34 804 02 21 15:08 0 255 828 391 84 120 100 121 21 15:08 0 255 868 305 150 0 100 120 22 15:08 126 255 432 379 122 44 904 02 22 15:08 0 255 20 392 96 125 216 120 23 15:08 126 255 848 379 122 64 904 02 23 15:08 0 255 228 391 118 125 424 121 23 15:08 0 255 268 306 185 0 424 120 24 15:08 126 255 56 379 122 74 904 02 24 15:09 0 255 444 391 130 130 540 121 24 15:09 0 255 484 306 197 0 540 120 25 15:09 126 255 288 379 134 84 1004 02 25 15:09 0 255 660 391 152 135 756 120 26 15:09 126 255 720 379 134 104 1004 0202

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.3ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 26 15:09 0 255 776 391 163 135 872 121 26 15:09 0 255 916 306 220 0 872 120 27 15:09 126 255 952 379 146 114 80 42 27 15:09 0 255 992 391 187 140 56 16203

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.4CompatibilityValidation:Node2withB-MACProtocolOtherswithK USF-B-MACProtocolId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 6 14:55 126 255 0 379 0 0 228 00 7 14:55 126 255 0 379 0 0 228 00 8 14:56 126 255 0 380 0 0 304 00 9 14:56 126 255 0 379 0 0 304 00 10 14:56 126 255 76 379 0 0 380 00 11 14:56 126 255 268 380 0 0 380 00 12 14:56 126 255 492 379 0 0 380 00 13 14:56 126 255 832 379 0 0 456 00 14 14:56 126 255 40 380 0 0 456 00 16 14:57 126 255 656 379 0 0 532 00 17 14:57 126 255 996 379 0 0 532 00 18 14:57 126 255 312 379 0 0 608 00 19 14:57 126 255 644 379 0 0 608 00 20 14:57 126 255 976 379 0 0 684 00 21 14:57 126 255 184 379 0 0 684 00 22 14:57 126 255 524 379 0 0 784 00 23 14:58 126 255 848 380 0 4 784 01 13 14:58 0 224 480 305 11 0 928 40 24 14:58 126 255 156 379 0 8 784 02 15 14:58 0 255 520 391 122 115 252 80 25 14:58 126 255 488 379 0 15 884 02 16 14:58 0 255 836 391 134 125 368 8204

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.4ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 15 14:58 0 255 912 305 34 0 236 80 26 14:58 126 255 720 379 0 22 884 02 17 14:58 0 255 952 391 146 125 484 81 16 14:58 0 128 4 305 46 0 352 80 27 14:58 126 255 20 379 0 32 984 01 17 14:58 0 112 312 305 58 0 468 80 28 14:58 126 255 344 379 0 43 984 02 19 14:58 0 255 352 391 181 130 808 81 18 14:58 0 80 428 305 81 0 676 80 29 14:58 126 255 676 379 0 50 984 02 20 14:58 0 255 468 391 211 130 0 120 30 14:59 126 255 1008 379 0 57 60 42 21 14:59 0 255 784 390 223 140 116 121 20 14:59 0 255 860 305 105 0 1008 80 31 14:59 126 255 216 379 0 64 60 42 22 14:59 0 255 900 391 235 140 232 121 21 14:59 0 14 44 305 116 0 100 120 32 14:59 126 255 540 380 0 74 160 42 23 14:59 0 255 92 391 3 145 440 120 33 14:59 126 255 864 379 0 85 160 42 24 14:59 0 255 300 391 15 145 556 121 23 14:59 0 10 520 305 151 0 424 120 34 14:59 126 255 172 380 0 92 160 42 25 14:59 0 255 416 391 45 145 772 121 24 14:59 0 9 836 305 162 0 540 12205

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.4ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 35 14:59 126 255 504 380 0 99 260 42 26 14:59 0 255 732 391 57 155 888 120 36 14:59 126 255 736 380 0 106 260 42 27 14:59 0 255 848 391 80 155 72 161 26 14:59 0 7 136 305 186 0 872 120 37 14:59 126 255 36 379 0 116 360 42 28 14:59 0 255 132 391 91 160 188 161 27 14:59 0 5 352 305 210 0 56 160 39 15:00 126 255 692 380 0 134 360 42 30 15:00 0 255 464 391 132 165 520 161 29 15:00 0 3 784 305 234 0 288 160 40 15:00 126 255 0 380 0 141 460 42 31 15:00 0 255 680 391 143 170 636 161 30 15:00 0 255 900 305 245 0 504 160 41 15:00 126 255 324 379 0 151 460 42 32 15:00 0 255 796 391 166 170 844 161 31 15:00 0 1 84 305 1 0 620 160 42 15:00 126 255 648 380 0 162 560 42 33 15:00 0 255 80 391 178 175 960 161 32 15:00 0 1 300 305 25 0 828 160 43 15:00 126 255 880 380 0 169 560 42 34 15:00 0 255 196 391 189 175 52 201 33 15:00 0 1 416 305 37 0 944 160 44 15:00 126 255 188 379 0 176 660 42 35 15:00 0 255 412 391 218 180 268 20206

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.4ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 34 15:00 0 1 732 305 49 0 36 200 45 15:01 126 255 520 379 0 183 660 42 36 15:01 0 255 628 391 230 185 384 200 46 15:01 126 255 844 379 0 193 660 42 37 15:01 0 255 744 391 254 185 592 201 36 15:01 0 1 32 305 72 0 368 200 47 15:01 126 255 144 379 0 204 760 42 38 15:01 0 255 28 391 10 190 708 201 37 15:01 0 1 248 305 95 0 576 200 48 15:01 126 255 376 379 0 211 760 41 38 15:01 0 1 364 305 106 0 692 200 49 15:01 126 255 708 379 0 218 860 41 39 15:01 0 1 680 305 117 0 808 200 50 15:01 126 255 16 379 0 225 860 42 41 15:01 0 255 576 391 63 200 132 241 40 15:01 0 255 796 305 128 0 0 24207

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5DynamicPowerAdjustmentExperimentId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 1 11:14 126 255 0 380 0 0 76 00 2 11:14 126 255 0 380 0 0 76 00 3 11:14 126 255 0 380 0 0 152 00 4 11:14 126 255 0 380 0 0 152 00 5 11:15 126 255 0 380 0 0 228 00 6 11:15 126 255 0 380 0 0 228 00 7 11:15 126 255 0 380 0 0 228 00 8 11:15 126 255 0 381 0 0 304 00 9 11:15 126 255 0 380 0 0 304 00 11 11:15 126 255 0 379 0 0 380 00 12 11:16 126 255 76 381 0 0 380 00 13 11:16 126 255 192 380 0 0 456 00 14 11:16 126 255 308 380 0 0 456 00 16 11:16 126 255 632 380 0 0 532 00 17 11:16 126 255 824 380 0 0 532 00 18 11:16 126 255 940 380 0 0 608 00 19 11:16 126 255 32 379 0 0 608 00 20 11:17 126 255 240 380 0 0 684 00 21 11:17 126 255 356 380 0 0 684 00 22 11:17 126 255 560 380 0 0 772 00 23 11:17 126 255 676 380 0 0 772 00 24 11:17 126 255 792 380 0 0 772 01 13 11:17 0 255 480 295 11 0 868 4208

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 25 11:17 126 255 984 380 0 8 860 01 14 11:17 0 224 480 295 22 0 984 41 15 11:18 0 255 568 295 34 0 164 80 27 11:18 126 255 280 380 0 16 948 01 16 11:18 0 144 568 295 46 0 280 80 28 11:18 126 255 396 380 0 20 948 01 17 11:18 0 128 568 295 57 0 396 80 29 11:18 126 255 588 380 0 28 948 00 30 11:18 126 255 704 380 0 32 12 40 31 11:18 126 255 820 380 0 36 12 41 20 11:18 0 255 744 295 103 0 908 80 32 11:18 126 255 0 380 0 40 100 41 21 11:18 0 15 744 295 114 0 0 120 33 11:18 126 255 116 379 0 44 100 40 34 11:18 126 255 308 380 0 52 100 41 23 11:19 0 11 832 295 149 0 308 120 35 11:19 126 255 424 380 0 56 188 41 24 11:19 0 10 832 296 161 0 424 120 36 11:19 126 255 540 380 0 60 188 40 37 11:19 126 255 744 380 0 64 276 41 26 11:19 0 8 940 296 185 0 744 120 38 11:19 126 255 860 380 0 68 276 41 27 11:19 0 6 940 295 209 0 936 120 39 11:19 126 255 28 380 0 76 276 41 28 11:19 0 5 4 296 221 0 28 16209

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 40 11:19 126 255 144 380 0 80 364 41 29 11:19 0 4 4 296 233 0 144 160 41 11:19 126 255 260 380 0 84 364 40 42 11:20 126 255 572 379 0 88 452 41 31 11:20 0 2 92 296 255 0 464 160 43 11:20 126 255 688 380 0 91 452 40 44 11:20 126 255 880 380 0 97 540 40 45 11:20 126 255 996 380 0 101 540 41 34 11:20 0 3 180 296 45 0 888 160 46 11:20 126 255 88 381 0 105 540 41 35 11:20 0 255 268 296 56 0 68 200 47 11:20 126 255 292 380 0 109 628 41 36 11:20 0 3 268 296 67 0 184 200 48 11:20 126 255 408 380 0 112 628 41 37 11:20 0 3 356 296 91 0 376 200 49 11:20 126 255 600 380 0 118 716 41 38 11:21 0 3 356 296 103 0 492 200 50 11:21 126 255 716 380 0 122 716 41 39 11:21 0 2 356 296 115 0 608 200 51 11:21 126 255 920 380 0 126 716 41 40 11:21 0 255 444 296 126 0 812 200 52 11:21 126 255 12 380 0 129 804 41 41 11:21 0 3 444 296 138 0 928 200 53 11:21 126 255 128 380 0 133 804 41 42 11:21 0 5 532 296 161 0 96 24210

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 54 11:21 126 255 320 380 0 140 892 41 43 11:21 0 5 532 296 172 0 212 240 55 11:21 126 255 436 379 0 143 892 41 44 11:21 0 255 532 296 183 0 416 240 56 11:21 126 255 640 380 0 147 892 41 45 11:22 0 6 620 296 194 0 532 240 57 11:22 126 255 756 380 0 150 980 41 46 11:22 0 6 620 296 205 0 648 241 47 11:22 0 6 708 296 228 0 840 240 59 11:22 126 255 40 380 0 160 44 81 48 11:22 0 5 708 297 239 0 956 241 49 11:22 0 255 708 296 251 0 136 280 61 11:22 126 255 360 380 0 168 44 81 50 11:22 0 5 796 297 6 0 252 280 62 11:22 126 255 476 380 0 171 132 81 51 11:22 0 5 796 297 17 0 368 280 63 11:22 126 255 592 379 0 174 132 81 52 11:22 0 6 884 297 40 0 560 280 64 11:22 126 255 784 380 0 181 220 80 65 11:23 126 255 900 380 0 184 220 81 54 11:23 0 255 884 297 62 0 880 280 66 11:23 126 255 80 380 0 187 308 81 55 11:23 0 6 972 297 74 0 996 281 56 11:23 0 6 972 297 86 0 88 320 68 11:23 126 255 312 380 0 194 308 8211

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 57 11:23 0 7 36 297 110 0 280 320 69 11:23 126 255 504 380 0 201 396 81 58 11:23 0 8 36 297 122 0 396 320 70 11:23 126 255 620 380 0 205 396 81 59 11:23 0 255 124 297 134 0 600 320 71 11:23 126 255 824 380 0 209 484 81 60 11:23 0 10 124 297 146 0 716 320 72 11:24 126 255 940 380 0 212 484 81 61 11:24 0 10 124 297 158 0 832 320 73 11:24 126 255 108 380 0 219 484 80 74 11:24 126 255 224 380 0 222 572 81 63 11:24 0 9 212 297 193 0 116 360 75 11:24 126 255 340 380 0 225 572 81 64 11:24 0 255 300 297 205 0 320 360 76 11:24 126 255 544 380 0 228 660 81 65 11:24 0 9 300 297 216 0 436 360 77 11:24 126 255 660 380 0 232 660 81 66 11:24 0 8 300 297 239 0 628 360 78 11:24 126 255 852 380 0 238 660 81 67 11:24 0 8 388 297 251 0 744 360 79 11:24 126 255 968 380 0 241 748 81 68 11:25 0 8 388 297 7 0 860 360 80 11:25 126 255 60 380 0 244 748 80 81 11:25 126 255 264 380 0 248 836 81 70 11:25 0 9 476 297 30 0 156 40212

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 82 11:25 126 255 380 381 0 251 836 81 71 11:25 0 9 476 297 53 0 348 400 83 11:25 126 255 572 380 0 2 836 81 72 11:25 0 10 564 297 65 0 464 400 84 11:25 126 255 688 380 0 6 924 81 73 11:25 0 11 564 297 77 0 580 400 85 11:25 126 255 804 380 0 10 924 81 74 11:25 0 255 652 297 88 0 784 400 86 11:25 126 255 1008 380 0 13 1012 81 75 11:25 0 10 652 297 100 0 900 400 87 11:26 126 255 100 380 0 16 1012 81 76 11:26 0 9 652 297 123 0 68 441 77 11:26 0 9 740 297 134 0 184 440 89 11:26 126 255 408 380 0 27 76 121 78 11:26 0 10 740 297 146 0 300 440 90 11:26 126 255 524 380 0 30 76 121 79 11:26 0 255 828 297 158 0 504 440 91 11:26 126 255 728 380 0 33 164 121 80 11:26 0 10 828 298 169 0 620 440 92 11:26 126 255 844 380 0 36 164 120 93 11:26 126 255 12 380 0 44 252 121 82 11:26 0 10 916 298 204 0 928 440 94 11:26 126 255 128 380 0 48 252 121 83 11:27 0 11 916 297 215 0 20 480 95 11:27 126 255 332 380 0 52 252 12213

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 84 11:27 0 255 1004 298 227 0 224 480 96 11:27 126 255 448 380 0 56 340 121 85 11:27 0 14 1004 297 238 0 340 480 97 11:27 126 255 564 380 0 60 340 121 86 11:27 0 64 68 298 5 0 532 480 98 11:27 126 255 756 380 0 68 428 121 87 11:27 0 80 68 297 17 0 648 480 99 11:27 126 255 872 380 0 71 428 121 88 11:27 0 255 68 298 29 0 852 480 100 11:27 126 255 52 380 0 75 428 121 89 11:27 0 96 156 298 41 0 968 480 101 11:27 126 255 168 380 0 78 516 121 90 11:27 0 96 156 298 53 0 60 520 102 11:28 126 255 284 380 0 82 516 121 91 11:28 0 80 244 297 75 0 252 520 103 11:28 126 255 476 380 0 88 604 121 92 11:28 0 80 244 297 87 0 368 521 93 11:28 0 255 244 298 99 0 572 520 105 11:28 126 255 796 380 0 94 692 121 94 11:28 0 80 332 298 111 0 688 520 106 11:28 126 255 912 380 0 97 692 121 95 11:28 0 80 332 298 123 0 804 520 107 11:28 126 255 4 380 0 100 692 121 96 11:28 0 80 420 298 146 0 996 520 108 11:28 126 255 196 380 0 107 780 12214

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 97 11:28 0 96 420 298 158 0 88 560 109 11:28 126 255 312 380 0 110 780 121 98 11:29 0 255 420 298 170 0 292 560 110 11:29 126 255 516 380 0 113 868 121 99 11:29 0 96 508 298 182 0 408 560 111 11:29 126 255 632 380 0 117 868 121 100 11:29 0 80 508 298 193 0 524 560 112 11:29 126 255 824 380 0 124 868 121 101 11:29 0 96 596 298 216 0 716 560 113 11:29 126 255 940 380 0 127 956 121 102 11:29 0 96 596 298 228 0 832 561 103 11:29 0 255 684 298 240 0 12 600 115 11:29 126 255 236 380 0 135 20 160 116 11:29 126 255 352 380 0 138 20 160 117 11:30 126 255 544 380 0 145 20 161 106 11:30 0 144 772 299 31 0 436 600 118 11:30 126 255 752 381 0 148 108 160 119 11:30 126 255 868 380 0 151 108 161 108 11:30 0 255 860 298 53 0 756 600 120 11:30 126 255 48 380 0 154 196 161 109 11:30 0 144 860 298 65 0 872 600 121 11:30 126 255 164 379 0 158 196 161 110 11:30 0 144 860 298 88 0 40 640 122 11:30 126 255 356 381 0 166 196 161 111 11:30 0 128 948 298 100 0 156 64215

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 123 11:30 126 255 472 380 0 169 284 161 112 11:30 0 128 948 298 112 0 272 640 124 11:30 126 255 588 380 0 172 284 161 113 11:31 0 255 12 298 123 0 476 640 125 11:31 126 255 792 380 0 176 372 161 114 11:31 0 144 12 298 135 0 592 640 126 11:31 126 255 908 380 0 179 372 161 115 11:31 0 128 12 298 157 0 784 640 127 11:31 126 255 76 379 0 186 460 160 128 11:31 126 255 192 380 0 189 460 161 117 11:31 0 128 100 298 179 0 1016 640 129 11:31 126 255 308 380 0 193 460 161 118 11:31 0 255 188 298 191 0 196 680 130 11:31 126 255 512 380 0 196 548 161 119 11:31 0 144 188 298 203 0 312 680 131 11:31 126 255 628 380 0 199 548 161 120 11:31 0 192 188 298 226 0 504 680 132 11:32 126 255 820 380 0 207 636 161 121 11:32 0 144 276 299 238 0 620 680 133 11:32 126 255 936 380 0 211 636 161 122 11:32 0 192 276 299 249 0 736 680 134 11:32 126 255 116 380 0 214 636 161 123 11:32 0 255 364 298 4 0 940 680 135 11:32 126 255 232 379 0 217 724 160 136 11:32 126 255 348 380 0 221 724 16216

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 137 11:32 126 255 540 380 0 227 812 161 126 11:32 0 144 452 299 51 0 340 720 138 11:32 126 255 656 380 0 231 812 161 127 11:32 0 192 452 299 63 0 456 720 139 11:32 126 255 860 380 0 234 812 161 128 11:33 0 255 540 298 75 0 660 720 140 11:33 126 255 976 380 0 237 900 161 129 11:33 0 192 540 298 87 0 776 720 141 11:33 126 255 68 380 0 240 900 161 130 11:33 0 144 628 299 109 0 968 720 142 11:33 126 255 260 380 0 247 988 161 131 11:33 0 144 628 299 121 0 60 760 143 11:33 126 255 376 380 0 251 988 161 132 11:33 0 255 628 298 133 0 264 760 144 11:33 126 255 580 380 0 255 988 161 133 11:33 0 224 716 299 144 0 380 760 145 11:33 126 255 696 380 0 3 52 201 134 11:33 0 255 716 299 156 0 496 760 146 11:33 126 255 812 380 0 6 52 201 135 11:33 0 255 804 299 180 0 688 760 147 11:34 126 255 1004 380 0 12 140 201 137 11:34 0 255 804 299 203 0 1008 760 149 11:34 126 255 300 380 0 18 228 200 150 11:34 126 255 416 380 0 21 228 201 139 11:34 0 255 892 299 226 0 216 80217

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 151 11:34 126 255 532 380 0 24 228 201 140 11:34 0 255 980 299 248 0 408 800 152 11:34 126 255 724 380 0 30 316 201 141 11:34 0 255 980 299 4 0 524 800 153 11:34 126 255 840 379 0 33 316 201 142 11:34 0 255 980 299 15 0 728 800 154 11:34 126 255 20 380 0 36 404 201 143 11:35 0 255 44 299 26 0 844 800 155 11:35 126 255 136 380 0 39 404 201 144 11:35 0 255 44 299 37 0 960 800 156 11:35 126 255 328 380 0 45 404 201 145 11:35 0 255 132 299 60 0 128 840 157 11:35 126 255 444 380 0 48 492 201 146 11:35 0 255 132 299 72 0 244 840 158 11:35 126 255 560 380 0 51 492 200 159 11:35 126 255 764 380 0 54 580 200 160 11:35 126 255 880 380 0 57 580 201 149 11:35 0 255 220 299 107 0 680 840 161 11:35 126 255 48 380 0 63 580 201 150 11:35 0 255 308 299 129 0 872 840 162 11:36 126 255 164 381 0 66 668 201 151 11:36 0 255 308 299 141 0 988 840 163 11:36 126 255 280 379 0 69 668 201 152 11:36 0 255 396 299 152 0 168 880 164 11:36 126 255 484 380 0 72 756 20218

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 153 11:36 0 255 396 299 164 0 284 880 165 11:36 126 255 600 380 0 75 756 201 154 11:36 0 255 396 299 188 0 476 880 166 11:36 126 255 792 380 0 81 756 200 167 11:36 126 255 908 380 0 84 844 201 156 11:36 0 255 484 299 212 0 708 880 168 11:36 126 255 0 380 0 87 844 201 157 11:36 0 255 572 299 223 0 912 880 169 11:36 126 255 204 380 0 90 932 200 170 11:37 126 255 320 380 0 93 932 201 159 11:37 0 255 572 299 1 0 196 920 171 11:37 126 255 512 380 0 99 1020 201 160 11:37 0 255 660 299 13 0 312 920 172 11:37 126 255 628 381 0 103 1020 201 161 11:37 0 224 660 299 24 0 428 920 173 11:37 126 255 764 380 0 107 1020 201 162 11:37 0 255 748 299 36 0 632 921 163 11:37 0 144 748 299 48 0 748 920 175 11:37 126 255 60 380 0 115 84 241 164 11:37 0 144 748 299 71 0 940 920 176 11:37 126 255 252 380 0 123 172 240 177 11:38 126 255 368 380 0 126 172 241 166 11:38 0 192 836 300 94 0 148 960 178 11:38 126 255 572 380 0 129 172 241 167 11:38 0 255 924 299 105 0 352 96219

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 179 11:38 126 255 688 380 0 133 260 241 168 11:38 0 144 924 300 117 0 468 960 180 11:38 126 255 804 380 0 137 260 241 169 11:38 0 144 8 299 140 0 660 960 181 11:38 126 255 996 380 0 144 348 240 182 11:38 126 255 88 380 0 147 348 241 171 11:38 0 144 8 299 163 0 892 960 183 11:38 126 255 292 380 0 150 348 240 184 11:38 126 255 408 381 0 153 436 241 173 11:39 0 144 96 300 187 0 188 1000 185 11:39 126 255 524 381 0 156 436 241 174 11:39 0 144 184 300 210 0 380 1000 186 11:39 126 255 716 380 0 162 524 240 187 11:39 126 255 832 380 0 165 524 241 176 11:39 0 255 184 299 232 0 700 1000 188 11:39 126 255 12 381 0 169 612 241 177 11:39 0 192 272 299 244 0 816 1000 189 11:39 126 255 128 380 0 172 612 241 178 11:39 0 192 272 300 0 0 932 1000 190 11:39 126 255 244 380 0 175 612 241 179 11:39 0 224 360 300 23 0 100 1040 191 11:39 126 255 436 379 0 182 700 241 180 11:39 0 224 360 300 35 0 216 1040 192 11:40 126 255 552 381 0 186 700 240 193 11:40 126 255 756 380 0 189 788 24220

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 182 11:40 0 192 448 300 57 0 536 1040 194 11:40 126 255 872 380 0 192 788 240 195 11:40 126 255 40 380 0 198 788 240 196 11:40 126 255 156 380 0 201 876 241 185 11:40 0 192 536 299 104 0 960 1040 197 11:40 126 255 272 379 0 205 876 241 186 11:40 0 255 536 299 116 0 140 1080 198 11:40 126 255 476 380 0 208 964 241 187 11:40 0 144 624 300 128 0 256 1080 199 11:40 126 255 592 380 0 211 964 241 188 11:41 0 144 624 300 140 0 372 1080 200 11:41 126 255 784 380 0 218 964 241 189 11:41 0 192 732 300 164 0 564 1080 201 11:41 126 255 900 380 0 222 28 281 190 11:41 0 144 732 300 175 0 680 1080 202 11:41 126 255 1016 380 0 226 28 281 191 11:41 0 255 820 300 187 0 884 1080 203 11:41 126 255 196 380 0 230 116 281 192 11:41 0 112 820 300 198 0 1000 1080 204 11:41 126 255 312 380 0 234 116 280 205 11:41 126 255 504 379 0 242 116 281 194 11:41 0 64 908 300 233 0 284 1120 206 11:41 126 255 620 380 0 246 204 281 195 11:41 0 80 908 300 245 0 400 1120 207 11:42 126 255 736 380 0 250 204 28221

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 196 11:42 0 255 1016 300 1 0 604 1120 208 11:42 126 255 940 380 0 253 292 281 197 11:42 0 96 1016 300 13 0 720 1120 209 11:42 126 255 32 380 0 0 292 280 210 11:42 126 255 224 380 0 8 380 281 199 11:42 0 96 80 300 66 0 120 1160 211 11:42 126 255 340 380 0 12 380 281 200 11:42 0 112 80 300 78 0 236 1160 212 11:42 126 255 456 380 0 16 380 281 201 11:42 0 255 168 300 90 0 440 1160 213 11:42 126 255 660 380 0 19 468 280 214 11:42 126 255 776 381 0 23 468 280 215 11:43 126 255 968 380 0 29 556 280 216 11:43 126 255 60 380 0 33 556 281 205 11:43 0 96 256 300 149 0 980 1160 217 11:43 126 255 264 380 0 37 556 281 206 11:43 0 255 344 300 161 0 160 1200 218 11:43 126 255 380 379 0 41 644 281 207 11:43 0 96 344 300 173 0 276 1200 219 11:43 126 255 496 380 0 44 644 281 208 11:43 0 96 344 300 197 0 468 1200 220 11:43 126 255 688 380 0 51 732 281 209 11:43 0 112 432 300 209 0 584 1200 221 11:43 126 255 804 380 0 55 732 280 222 11:44 126 255 1008 380 0 59 732 28222

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 211 11:44 0 255 520 300 233 0 904 1200 223 11:44 126 255 100 380 0 63 820 281 212 11:44 0 64 520 300 244 0 1020 1200 225 11:44 126 255 408 381 0 73 908 281 214 11:44 0 15 608 300 23 0 304 1240 226 11:44 126 255 524 380 0 76 908 281 215 11:44 0 15 608 300 35 0 420 1240 227 11:44 126 255 728 380 0 79 908 281 216 11:44 0 255 696 300 46 0 624 1240 228 11:44 126 255 844 380 0 82 996 281 217 11:44 0 15 696 300 57 0 740 1240 229 11:44 126 255 960 380 0 85 996 281 218 11:45 0 15 784 300 81 0 932 1240 230 11:45 126 255 128 380 0 92 60 321 219 11:45 0 64 784 300 92 0 24 1281 220 11:45 0 255 784 300 103 0 228 1280 232 11:45 126 255 448 380 0 99 148 321 221 11:45 0 15 872 301 114 0 344 1280 233 11:45 126 255 564 380 0 103 148 321 222 11:45 0 64 872 300 125 0 460 1280 234 11:45 126 255 680 380 0 107 148 321 223 11:45 0 80 960 300 147 0 652 1280 235 11:45 126 255 872 380 0 113 236 321 224 11:45 0 80 960 300 159 0 768 1280 236 11:45 126 255 988 381 0 116 236 32223

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 225 11:45 0 255 960 300 171 0 972 1280 237 11:46 126 255 168 380 0 119 324 321 226 11:46 0 80 24 300 182 0 64 1321 227 11:46 0 64 24 300 194 0 180 1320 239 11:46 126 255 476 380 0 130 324 321 228 11:46 0 15 112 300 218 0 372 1320 240 11:46 126 255 592 380 0 133 412 321 229 11:46 0 15 112 300 230 0 488 1320 241 11:46 126 255 708 380 0 137 412 321 230 11:46 0 255 112 301 242 0 692 1320 242 11:46 126 255 912 380 0 141 500 321 231 11:46 0 15 200 300 253 0 808 1320 243 11:46 126 255 4 380 0 145 500 321 232 11:46 0 64 200 301 8 0 924 1320 244 11:46 126 255 196 380 0 153 500 320 245 11:47 126 255 312 380 0 157 588 321 234 11:47 0 12 288 301 43 0 208 1360 246 11:47 126 255 428 381 0 161 588 320 247 11:47 126 255 632 380 0 165 676 321 236 11:47 0 10 376 300 66 0 528 1360 248 11:47 126 255 748 380 0 169 676 321 237 11:47 0 9 376 300 77 0 644 1360 249 11:47 126 255 940 380 0 177 676 321 238 11:47 0 7 464 301 100 0 836 1360 250 11:47 126 255 32 380 0 181 764 32224

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 251 11:47 126 255 148 380 0 185 764 320 252 11:48 126 255 352 380 0 189 852 321 241 11:48 0 4 552 301 135 0 248 1400 253 11:48 126 255 468 379 0 193 852 321 242 11:48 0 6 552 301 159 0 440 1401 243 11:48 0 7 640 301 170 0 556 1400 255 11:48 126 255 776 380 0 205 940 321 244 11:48 0 8 640 301 181 0 672 1400 256 11:48 126 255 892 380 0 208 940 320 257 11:48 126 255 72 380 0 212 4 361 246 11:48 0 9 748 301 205 0 992 1400 258 11:48 126 255 188 380 0 216 4 361 247 11:48 0 10 748 300 229 0 160 1440 259 11:48 126 255 380 380 0 222 92 361 248 11:49 0 10 836 301 241 0 276 1440 260 11:49 126 255 496 380 0 226 92 361 249 11:49 0 9 836 301 252 0 392 1440 261 11:49 126 255 700 380 0 230 92 360 262 11:49 126 255 816 380 0 234 180 361 251 11:49 0 7 924 300 19 0 712 1441 252 11:49 0 5 924 301 41 0 904 1440 264 11:49 126 255 100 381 0 246 268 361 253 11:49 0 4 1012 301 53 0 1020 1441 254 11:49 0 4 1012 301 65 0 112 1480 266 11:49 126 255 420 381 0 253 268 36225

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 255 11:49 0 255 76 300 76 0 316 1480 267 11:50 126 255 536 380 0 1 356 361 256 11:50 0 4 76 301 87 0 432 1480 268 11:50 126 255 652 380 0 4 356 360 269 11:50 126 255 844 380 0 11 444 361 258 11:50 0 3 164 301 122 0 740 1480 270 11:50 126 255 960 380 0 14 444 361 259 11:50 0 3 164 301 134 0 856 1481 260 11:50 0 255 252 301 145 0 36 1520 272 11:50 126 255 256 380 0 21 532 361 261 11:50 0 4 252 301 157 0 152 1520 273 11:50 126 255 372 380 0 25 532 361 262 11:50 0 3 340 301 180 0 344 1520 274 11:50 126 255 564 380 0 32 620 361 263 11:51 0 4 360 301 191 0 460 1520 275 11:51 126 255 680 380 0 36 620 360 276 11:51 126 255 884 380 0 40 708 361 265 11:51 0 6 448 301 214 0 780 1520 277 11:51 126 255 1000 380 0 43 708 361 266 11:51 0 6 448 301 226 0 896 1520 278 11:51 126 255 92 380 0 47 708 360 279 11:51 126 255 284 380 0 54 796 361 268 11:51 0 6 536 301 4 0 180 1560 280 11:51 126 255 400 380 0 58 796 361 269 11:51 0 255 536 301 16 0 384 156226

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 281 11:51 126 255 604 380 0 61 884 361 270 11:51 0 7 624 301 28 0 500 1561 271 11:52 0 6 624 301 39 0 616 1560 283 11:52 126 255 912 380 0 71 884 361 272 11:52 0 6 712 301 63 0 808 1560 284 11:52 126 255 4 381 0 75 972 361 273 11:52 0 5 712 301 74 0 924 1560 285 11:52 126 255 120 380 0 79 972 361 274 11:52 0 255 712 301 86 0 104 1600 286 11:52 126 255 324 380 0 82 36 400 287 11:52 126 255 440 380 0 85 36 401 276 11:52 0 6 800 301 109 0 336 1600 288 11:52 126 255 632 380 0 93 36 401 277 11:52 0 6 888 301 132 0 528 1600 289 11:52 126 255 748 380 0 97 124 401 278 11:53 0 5 888 301 144 0 644 1600 290 11:53 126 255 864 380 0 101 124 401 279 11:53 0 255 976 301 156 0 848 1600 291 11:53 126 255 44 380 0 105 212 401 280 11:53 0 3 976 301 167 0 964 1600 292 11:53 126 255 160 380 0 109 212 401 281 11:53 0 2 976 301 179 0 56 1640 293 11:53 126 255 352 380 0 115 300 401 282 11:53 0 2 40 301 203 0 248 1640 294 11:53 126 255 468 380 0 118 300 40227

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 283 11:53 0 2 40 301 215 0 364 1640 295 11:53 126 255 584 381 0 121 300 401 284 11:53 0 255 128 301 227 0 568 1641 285 11:53 0 2 128 301 239 0 684 1640 297 11:54 126 255 904 380 0 127 388 401 286 11:54 0 1 128 301 6 0 876 1640 298 11:54 126 255 72 380 0 135 476 401 287 11:54 0 2 216 301 18 0 992 1640 299 11:54 126 255 188 380 0 139 476 401 288 11:54 0 1 216 301 29 0 84 1680 300 11:54 126 255 392 380 0 143 476 401 289 11:54 0 255 304 301 40 0 288 1680 301 11:54 126 255 508 380 0 146 564 401 290 11:54 0 2 304 302 52 0 404 1680 302 11:54 126 255 624 380 0 149 564 401 291 11:54 0 2 304 301 76 0 596 1680 303 11:54 126 255 816 380 0 156 652 401 292 11:54 0 3 392 301 88 0 712 1680 304 11:54 126 255 932 380 0 160 652 401 293 11:55 0 2 392 301 100 0 828 1680 305 11:55 126 255 112 380 0 163 652 401 294 11:55 0 255 480 301 112 0 8 1720 306 11:55 126 255 228 380 0 166 740 401 295 11:55 0 2 480 301 123 0 124 1720 307 11:55 126 255 344 380 0 170 740 40228

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.5ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 308 11:55 126 255 420 380 0 174 828 400 309 11:55 126 255 420 380 0 174 828 400 310 11:55 126 255 420 380 0 174 828 400 311 11:55 126 255 420 380 0 174 916 400 312 11:56 126 255 420 379 0 174 916 400 313 11:56 126 255 420 380 0 174 1004 40229

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.6Indoor2-MotesExperiment:NodesProgrammedwithK USF-B-MACProtocolId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 1 18:44 126 255 208 375 0 0 76 00 2 18:44 126 255 284 376 0 0 76 00 3 18:44 126 255 400 376 0 0 152 00 4 18:45 126 255 608 375 0 0 152 00 5 18:45 126 255 724 376 0 0 228 00 6 18:45 126 255 840 376 0 0 228 00 7 18:45 126 255 8 376 0 0 228 00 8 18:45 126 255 124 376 0 0 304 00 10 18:45 126 255 448 376 0 0 392 00 11 18:45 126 255 564 376 0 0 392 01 10 18:45 0 255 316 384 0 0 444 40 12 18:46 126 255 768 376 0 4 392 00 13 18:46 126 255 884 376 0 8 480 01 12 18:46 0 224 404 384 23 0 676 40 14 18:46 126 255 52 376 0 16 480 00 15 18:46 126 255 168 376 0 20 568 01 14 18:46 0 128 492 384 58 0 984 40 16 18:46 126 255 284 376 0 24 568 00 17 18:46 126 255 488 376 0 28 568 01 16 18:46 0 96 580 384 81 0 280 80 18 18:46 126 255 604 376 0 32 656 01 17 18:46 0 80 580 384 92 0 396 80 19 18:46 126 255 796 376 0 40 656 0230

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 18 18:47 0 15 580 384 115 0 588 80 20 18:47 126 255 912 375 0 44 744 00 21 18:47 126 255 4 376 0 48 744 01 20 18:47 0 255 668 384 139 0 908 80 22 18:47 126 255 208 375 0 52 832 01 21 18:47 0 11 756 384 151 0 0 120 23 18:47 126 255 324 376 0 56 832 00 24 18:47 126 255 516 376 0 64 832 00 25 18:47 126 255 632 376 0 68 920 01 24 18:47 0 7 844 384 197 0 424 120 26 18:47 126 255 836 376 0 72 920 00 27 18:48 126 255 952 376 0 76 1008 01 26 18:48 0 5 932 384 220 0 744 120 28 18:48 126 255 44 376 0 80 1008 01 27 18:48 0 3 932 384 243 0 936 120 29 18:48 126 255 236 376 0 88 1008 01 28 18:48 0 2 1020 384 254 0 28 160 30 18:48 126 255 352 376 0 92 72 41 29 18:48 0 3 1020 384 10 0 144 160 31 18:48 126 255 556 376 0 95 72 41 30 18:48 0 255 1020 384 22 0 348 160 32 18:48 126 255 672 376 0 98 160 41 31 18:48 0 3 84 384 34 0 464 160 33 18:48 126 255 788 375 0 102 160 40 34 18:48 126 255 980 377 0 108 160 4231

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 33 18:49 0 2 172 384 69 0 772 160 35 18:49 126 255 72 376 0 111 248 41 34 18:49 0 2 172 384 80 0 888 160 36 18:49 126 255 276 376 0 115 248 41 35 18:49 0 255 172 384 92 0 68 200 37 18:49 126 255 392 376 0 118 336 41 36 18:49 0 3 260 384 104 0 184 200 38 18:49 126 255 508 376 0 122 336 41 37 18:49 0 2 260 384 127 0 376 200 39 18:49 126 255 720 376 0 128 336 41 38 18:49 0 2 348 384 139 0 492 200 40 18:49 126 255 836 376 0 131 424 41 39 18:49 0 2 348 384 150 0 608 200 41 18:49 126 255 16 375 0 135 424 41 40 18:49 0 255 348 384 162 0 812 200 42 18:50 126 255 132 376 0 138 512 41 41 18:50 0 3 436 384 173 0 928 200 43 18:50 126 255 324 376 0 146 512 41 42 18:50 0 3 436 384 197 0 96 240 44 18:50 126 255 440 376 0 149 600 41 43 18:50 0 3 524 384 208 0 212 240 45 18:50 126 255 556 376 0 153 600 41 44 18:50 0 255 524 384 219 0 416 240 46 18:50 126 255 760 376 0 157 600 41 45 18:50 0 3 612 384 230 0 532 24232

PAGE 245

AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 47 18:50 126 255 876 376 0 161 688 41 46 18:50 0 2 612 384 241 0 648 240 48 18:50 126 255 44 376 0 167 688 41 47 18:50 0 2 612 384 8 0 840 240 49 18:50 126 255 160 376 0 170 776 41 48 18:51 0 2 700 384 20 0 956 240 50 18:51 126 255 276 377 0 173 776 41 49 18:51 0 255 700 384 31 0 136 281 50 18:51 0 2 788 384 42 0 252 280 52 18:51 126 255 596 376 0 179 864 41 51 18:51 0 2 788 384 54 0 368 280 53 18:51 126 255 788 376 0 187 864 41 52 18:51 0 2 788 384 76 0 560 280 54 18:51 126 255 904 376 0 191 952 41 53 18:51 0 3 876 384 88 0 676 280 55 18:51 126 255 1020 376 0 194 952 41 54 18:51 0 255 876 384 100 0 880 280 56 18:51 126 255 200 376 0 198 952 41 55 18:51 0 2 964 384 111 0 996 280 57 18:52 126 255 316 376 0 201 16 81 56 18:52 0 2 964 383 123 0 88 320 58 18:52 126 255 508 376 0 208 16 81 57 18:52 0 3 964 384 145 0 280 320 59 18:52 126 255 624 376 0 211 104 81 58 18:52 0 3 28 384 156 0 396 32233

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 60 18:52 126 255 740 375 0 215 104 81 59 18:52 0 255 28 384 167 0 600 320 61 18:52 126 255 944 376 0 219 104 81 60 18:52 0 3 116 384 178 0 716 320 62 18:52 126 255 36 376 0 222 192 81 61 18:52 0 3 116 384 190 0 832 320 63 18:52 126 255 228 376 0 230 192 81 62 18:52 0 3 116 384 213 0 0 360 64 18:52 126 255 344 376 0 234 280 81 63 18:53 0 2 204 384 225 0 116 360 65 18:53 126 255 548 376 0 237 280 81 64 18:53 0 255 204 384 237 0 320 360 66 18:53 126 255 664 377 0 240 368 81 65 18:53 0 2 292 384 248 0 436 360 67 18:53 126 255 780 376 0 244 368 81 66 18:53 0 2 292 384 15 0 628 360 68 18:53 126 255 972 376 0 251 368 81 67 18:53 0 2 380 384 26 0 744 360 69 18:53 126 255 64 376 0 255 456 81 68 18:53 0 3 380 384 38 0 860 360 70 18:53 126 255 268 376 0 2 456 81 69 18:53 0 255 380 384 49 0 40 400 71 18:53 126 255 384 376 0 5 544 81 70 18:53 0 3 468 384 61 0 156 401 71 18:54 0 3 468 384 84 0 348 40234

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AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 73 18:54 126 255 692 376 0 14 544 81 72 18:54 0 3 556 384 96 0 464 400 74 18:54 126 255 808 375 0 18 632 80 75 18:54 126 255 1012 376 0 22 632 81 74 18:54 0 255 556 384 118 0 784 400 76 18:54 126 255 104 376 0 26 720 81 75 18:54 0 2 644 384 129 0 900 400 77 18:54 126 255 220 376 0 30 720 81 76 18:54 0 2 644 384 152 0 68 440 78 18:54 126 255 412 376 0 37 720 81 77 18:54 0 2 732 384 164 0 184 440 79 18:54 126 255 528 376 0 40 808 81 78 18:55 0 2 732 384 176 0 300 440 80 18:55 126 255 732 376 0 43 808 81 79 18:55 0 255 732 384 187 0 504 440 81 18:55 126 255 848 376 0 46 896 80 82 18:55 126 255 964 375 0 50 896 81 81 18:55 0 2 820 384 221 0 812 440 83 18:55 126 255 132 376 0 58 896 81 82 18:55 0 1 908 384 233 0 928 440 84 18:55 126 255 248 376 0 62 984 81 83 18:55 0 2 908 384 245 0 20 480 85 18:55 126 255 452 376 0 65 984 81 84 18:55 0 255 908 384 0 0 224 480 86 18:55 126 255 568 376 0 68 48 12235

PAGE 248

AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 85 18:55 0 2 996 384 12 0 340 480 87 18:56 126 255 760 375 0 76 48 121 86 18:56 0 2 996 384 36 0 532 480 88 18:56 126 255 876 376 0 80 136 121 87 18:56 0 3 60 384 47 0 648 480 89 18:56 126 255 992 376 0 84 136 121 88 18:56 0 255 60 384 59 0 852 480 90 18:56 126 255 172 375 0 88 136 121 89 18:56 0 3 148 384 71 0 968 480 91 18:56 126 255 288 375 0 92 224 121 90 18:56 0 2 148 384 82 0 60 520 92 18:56 126 255 480 377 0 100 224 121 91 18:56 0 2 148 385 104 0 252 520 93 18:56 126 255 596 376 0 104 312 121 92 18:56 0 1 236 384 115 0 368 520 94 18:56 126 255 712 376 0 108 312 121 93 18:57 0 255 236 384 126 0 572 521 94 18:57 0 2 324 384 138 0 688 520 96 18:57 126 255 8 376 0 115 400 121 95 18:57 0 1 324 384 150 0 804 520 97 18:57 126 255 200 376 0 123 400 121 96 18:57 0 3 324 384 173 0 996 520 98 18:57 126 255 316 376 0 127 488 121 97 18:57 0 2 412 384 185 0 88 560 99 18:57 126 255 432 376 0 131 488 12236

PAGE 249

AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 98 18:57 0 255 412 384 197 0 292 560 100 18:57 126 255 636 376 0 135 488 121 99 18:57 0 2 500 384 208 0 408 560 101 18:57 126 255 752 376 0 139 576 120 102 18:58 126 255 944 376 0 147 576 121 101 18:58 0 3 500 384 243 0 716 560 103 18:58 126 255 36 375 0 151 664 121 102 18:58 0 2 588 384 255 0 832 560 104 18:58 126 255 152 376 0 155 664 121 103 18:58 0 255 588 384 10 0 12 600 105 18:58 126 255 356 375 0 159 752 120 106 18:58 126 255 472 376 0 163 752 120 107 18:58 126 255 664 376 0 171 752 121 106 18:58 0 1 676 384 56 0 436 600 108 18:58 126 255 780 376 0 175 840 121 107 18:58 0 2 764 384 68 0 552 600 109 18:58 126 255 984 376 0 178 840 121 108 18:59 0 255 764 384 80 0 756 600 110 18:59 126 255 76 376 0 181 928 121 109 18:59 0 2 852 384 91 0 872 600 111 18:59 126 255 192 376 0 184 928 121 110 18:59 0 2 852 384 114 0 40 640 112 18:59 126 255 384 376 0 190 928 121 111 18:59 0 2 940 384 125 0 156 640 113 18:59 126 255 500 376 0 194 1016 12237

PAGE 250

AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 112 18:59 0 1 940 384 137 0 272 640 114 18:59 126 255 704 375 0 198 1016 120 115 18:59 126 255 820 376 0 201 80 161 114 18:59 0 2 96 384 160 0 592 640 116 18:59 126 255 936 376 0 204 80 161 115 18:59 0 2 96 384 183 0 784 640 117 19:00 126 255 104 376 0 210 80 161 116 19:00 0 2 184 384 194 0 900 640 118 19:00 126 255 220 376 0 213 168 161 117 19:00 0 2 184 384 205 0 1016 640 119 19:00 126 255 424 376 0 216 168 161 118 19:00 0 255 184 384 216 0 196 680 120 19:00 126 255 540 375 0 219 256 161 119 19:00 0 2 272 384 227 0 312 680 121 19:00 126 255 656 377 0 222 256 161 120 19:00 0 2 272 384 251 0 504 680 122 19:00 126 255 848 376 0 228 256 161 121 19:00 0 2 360 384 7 0 620 680 123 19:00 126 255 964 376 0 231 344 161 122 19:00 0 2 360 384 18 0 736 680 124 19:00 126 255 144 376 0 234 344 161 123 19:01 0 255 360 384 29 0 940 680 125 19:01 126 255 260 376 0 237 432 161 124 19:01 0 2 448 384 40 0 32 720 126 19:01 126 255 452 376 0 245 432 16238

PAGE 251

AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 125 19:01 0 2 448 384 63 0 224 721 126 19:01 0 2 536 384 75 0 340 720 128 19:01 126 255 684 376 0 252 520 161 127 19:01 0 3 536 384 87 0 456 720 129 19:01 126 255 888 376 0 0 520 160 130 19:01 126 255 1004 375 0 4 608 161 129 19:01 0 3 624 384 110 0 776 720 131 19:01 126 255 172 376 0 11 608 161 130 19:01 0 2 624 384 134 0 968 720 132 19:02 126 255 288 376 0 14 696 161 131 19:02 0 2 712 384 145 0 60 760 133 19:02 126 255 404 376 0 17 696 161 132 19:02 0 255 712 384 157 0 264 760 134 19:02 126 255 608 376 0 20 696 160 135 19:02 126 255 724 376 0 23 784 161 134 19:02 0 2 800 384 180 0 496 760 136 19:02 126 255 916 376 0 29 784 161 135 19:02 0 2 800 384 202 0 688 760 137 19:02 126 255 8 376 0 32 872 161 136 19:02 0 2 888 384 213 0 804 760 138 19:02 126 255 124 376 0 35 872 161 137 19:02 0 255 888 384 224 0 1008 760 139 19:02 126 255 328 376 0 39 872 160 140 19:03 126 255 444 375 0 43 960 161 139 19:03 0 2 976 384 248 0 216 80239

PAGE 252

AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 141 19:03 126 255 636 376 0 49 960 161 140 19:03 0 2 976 384 15 0 408 800 142 19:03 126 255 752 376 0 52 24 201 141 19:03 0 2 40 384 27 0 524 800 143 19:03 126 255 868 376 0 55 24 201 142 19:03 0 255 40 384 38 0 728 800 144 19:03 126 255 48 376 0 58 24 201 143 19:03 0 2 128 384 50 0 844 800 145 19:03 126 255 164 376 0 61 112 201 144 19:03 0 2 128 384 61 0 960 800 146 19:03 126 255 356 376 0 69 112 201 145 19:03 0 2 128 384 84 0 128 840 147 19:04 126 255 472 376 0 72 200 201 147 19:04 0 255 216 384 107 0 448 840 149 19:04 126 255 792 376 0 80 288 201 148 19:04 0 2 304 384 118 0 564 840 150 19:04 126 255 908 376 0 84 288 201 149 19:04 0 3 304 384 130 0 680 840 151 19:04 126 255 76 375 0 91 288 201 150 19:04 0 2 304 384 153 0 872 840 152 19:04 126 255 192 375 0 94 376 201 152 19:04 0 255 392 385 177 0 168 880 154 19:04 126 255 512 376 0 102 464 201 153 19:05 0 2 480 384 188 0 284 880 155 19:05 126 255 628 376 0 105 464 20240

PAGE 253

AppendixAContinuedTableA.6ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 154 19:05 0 2 480 384 210 0 476 880 156 19:05 126 255 820 376 0 111 464 201 155 19:05 0 2 568 384 221 0 592 880 157 19:05 126 255 936 376 0 114 552 201 156 19:05 0 2 568 384 232 0 708 880 158 19:05 126 255 116 376 0 117 552 201 157 19:05 0 255 568 383 244 0 912 880 159 19:05 126 255 232 376 0 120 640 201 158 19:05 0 2 656 384 255 0 4 920 160 19:05 126 255 348 376 0 123 640 201 159 19:05 0 2 656 384 21 0 196 920 161 19:05 126 255 540 375 0 129 640 201 160 19:05 0 2 744 385 33 0 312 920 162 19:06 126 255 656 376 0 133 728 200 163 19:06 126 255 860 376 0 137 728 201 162 19:06 0 255 744 384 56 0 632 920 164 19:06 126 255 976 376 0 141 816 201 163 19:06 0 3 832 384 68 0 748 920 165 19:06 126 255 68 376 0 144 816 201 164 19:06 0 2 832 384 91 0 940 92241

PAGE 254

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7Indoor2-MotesExperiment:NodesProgrammedwithB-MACProtocolId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 1 19:29 126 255 0 377 18 0 76 00 2 19:29 126 255 76 376 18 5 76 00 3 19:29 126 255 192 376 30 10 152 00 4 19:29 126 255 400 377 30 20 152 00 5 19:29 126 255 516 375 42 25 228 00 6 19:29 126 255 632 376 42 30 228 00 7 19:29 126 255 824 375 42 40 228 00 9 19:30 126 255 124 376 53 55 304 00 11 19:30 126 255 356 376 65 65 392 01 10 19:30 0 255 316 384 162 20 444 40 12 19:30 126 255 560 376 65 75 392 00 13 19:30 126 255 676 376 76 80 480 01 12 19:30 0 255 404 384 185 25 676 40 14 19:30 126 255 868 376 76 90 480 00 15 19:30 126 255 984 376 87 95 568 01 14 19:31 0 255 492 384 220 30 984 40 16 19:31 126 255 164 376 87 105 568 01 15 19:31 0 255 492 384 244 30 164 80 17 19:31 126 255 280 376 87 110 568 01 16 19:31 0 255 580 384 0 35 280 80 18 19:31 126 255 396 375 99 115 656 00 19 19:31 126 255 588 376 99 125 656 01 18 19:31 0 255 580 384 36 35 588 8242

PAGE 255

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 20 19:31 126 255 704 377 110 130 744 00 21 19:31 126 255 908 376 110 140 744 01 20 19:31 0 255 668 384 72 40 908 80 22 19:31 126 255 0 376 122 145 832 01 21 19:31 0 255 756 384 83 45 0 120 23 19:32 126 255 116 376 122 150 832 00 24 19:32 126 255 308 376 122 160 832 01 23 19:32 0 255 756 384 117 45 308 121 24 19:32 0 255 844 384 128 50 424 120 26 19:32 126 255 628 375 134 175 920 00 27 19:32 126 255 744 376 145 180 1008 01 26 19:32 0 255 932 384 163 55 744 120 28 19:32 126 255 860 376 145 185 1008 00 29 19:32 126 255 28 376 145 195 1008 00 30 19:32 126 255 144 376 157 200 72 41 29 19:33 0 255 76 384 210 60 144 160 31 19:33 126 255 348 376 157 210 72 41 30 19:33 0 255 76 384 234 60 348 160 32 19:33 126 255 464 376 168 215 160 41 31 19:33 0 255 164 384 246 65 464 160 33 19:33 126 255 656 376 168 225 160 41 32 19:33 0 255 164 384 12 65 656 160 34 19:33 126 255 772 375 168 230 160 41 33 19:33 0 255 252 384 24 70 772 160 35 19:33 126 255 888 375 179 235 248 4243

PAGE 256

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 36 19:33 126 255 68 376 179 245 248 41 35 19:33 0 255 252 384 59 70 68 200 37 19:33 126 255 184 376 191 250 336 41 36 19:33 0 255 340 384 71 75 184 200 38 19:34 126 255 376 375 191 4 336 41 37 19:34 0 255 340 384 94 75 376 200 39 19:34 126 255 492 376 191 9 336 41 38 19:34 0 255 428 384 105 80 492 200 40 19:34 126 255 608 376 202 14 424 41 39 19:34 0 255 428 384 117 80 608 200 41 19:34 126 255 812 376 202 24 424 41 40 19:34 0 255 428 384 140 80 812 200 42 19:34 126 255 928 375 214 29 512 41 41 19:34 0 255 516 384 151 85 928 200 43 19:34 126 255 96 376 214 39 512 40 44 19:34 126 255 212 376 226 44 600 41 43 19:34 0 255 604 384 186 90 212 240 45 19:34 126 255 328 376 226 49 600 40 46 19:35 126 255 532 376 226 59 600 41 45 19:35 0 255 604 384 221 90 532 240 47 19:35 126 255 648 376 238 64 688 41 46 19:35 0 255 692 384 232 95 648 240 48 19:35 126 255 840 376 238 74 688 41 47 19:35 0 255 692 384 254 95 840 240 49 19:35 126 255 956 376 250 79 776 4244

PAGE 257

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 48 19:35 0 255 780 384 10 100 956 240 50 19:35 126 255 48 376 250 84 776 41 49 19:35 0 255 780 384 34 100 136 280 51 19:35 126 255 252 376 250 94 776 41 50 19:35 0 255 780 384 46 100 252 280 52 19:35 126 255 368 376 5 99 864 41 51 19:35 0 255 888 384 58 105 368 280 53 19:36 126 255 560 376 5 109 864 41 52 19:36 0 255 888 384 81 105 560 280 54 19:36 126 255 676 376 17 114 952 41 53 19:36 0 255 976 384 92 110 676 280 55 19:36 126 255 880 375 17 124 952 41 54 19:36 0 255 976 384 115 110 880 280 56 19:36 126 255 996 376 17 129 952 41 55 19:36 0 255 40 384 127 115 996 280 57 19:36 126 255 88 376 29 134 16 81 56 19:36 0 255 40 384 139 115 88 321 57 19:36 0 255 40 384 163 115 280 320 59 19:36 126 255 396 376 41 149 104 80 60 19:36 126 255 600 376 41 159 104 81 59 19:36 0 255 128 384 198 120 600 320 61 19:37 126 255 716 376 41 164 104 81 60 19:37 0 255 216 384 209 125 716 320 62 19:37 126 255 832 376 52 169 192 81 61 19:37 0 255 216 384 220 125 832 32245

PAGE 258

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 63 19:37 126 255 0 376 52 179 192 81 62 19:37 0 255 216 384 243 125 0 360 64 19:37 126 255 116 375 63 184 280 81 63 19:37 0 255 304 384 255 130 116 360 65 19:37 126 255 320 376 63 194 280 81 64 19:37 0 255 304 384 21 130 320 360 66 19:37 126 255 436 376 75 199 368 81 65 19:37 0 255 392 384 32 135 436 360 67 19:37 126 255 552 376 75 204 368 81 66 19:37 0 255 392 384 55 135 628 360 68 19:38 126 255 744 376 75 214 368 80 69 19:38 126 255 860 376 86 219 456 81 68 19:38 0 255 480 384 77 140 860 360 70 19:38 126 255 40 376 86 229 456 81 69 19:38 0 255 480 384 101 140 40 400 71 19:38 126 255 156 376 97 234 544 81 70 19:38 0 255 568 384 112 145 156 401 71 19:38 0 255 568 384 135 145 348 400 73 19:38 126 255 464 376 97 249 544 81 72 19:38 0 255 568 384 147 145 464 400 74 19:38 126 255 580 376 109 254 632 81 73 19:38 0 255 656 384 159 150 580 400 75 19:38 126 255 784 376 109 8 632 81 74 19:38 0 255 656 384 183 150 784 400 76 19:39 126 255 900 376 121 13 720 8246

PAGE 259

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 75 19:39 0 255 744 384 194 155 900 400 77 19:39 126 255 68 376 121 23 720 81 76 19:39 0 255 744 384 218 155 68 440 78 19:39 126 255 184 376 121 28 720 81 77 19:39 0 255 832 384 229 160 184 440 79 19:39 126 255 300 376 132 33 808 81 78 19:39 0 255 832 384 241 160 300 440 80 19:39 126 255 504 376 132 43 808 81 79 19:39 0 255 832 384 8 160 504 440 81 19:39 126 255 620 376 143 48 896 81 80 19:39 0 255 920 384 19 165 620 440 82 19:39 126 255 812 376 143 58 896 81 81 19:39 0 255 920 384 43 165 812 440 83 19:40 126 255 928 376 143 63 896 81 82 19:40 0 255 1008 384 55 170 928 440 84 19:40 126 255 20 376 155 68 984 81 83 19:40 0 255 1008 384 67 170 20 480 85 19:40 126 255 224 376 155 78 984 81 84 19:40 0 255 1008 384 91 170 224 480 86 19:40 126 255 340 376 167 83 48 120 87 19:40 126 255 532 375 167 93 48 121 86 19:40 0 255 72 384 127 175 532 480 88 19:40 126 255 648 376 179 98 136 121 87 19:40 0 255 160 384 138 180 648 480 89 19:40 126 255 764 376 179 103 136 12247

PAGE 260

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 88 19:40 0 255 160 384 160 180 852 480 90 19:40 126 255 968 376 179 113 136 121 89 19:40 0 255 160 384 171 180 968 481 90 19:41 0 255 248 384 183 185 60 520 92 19:41 126 255 252 376 191 128 224 121 91 19:41 0 255 248 384 207 185 252 520 93 19:41 126 255 368 376 203 133 312 120 94 19:41 126 255 484 376 203 138 312 121 93 19:41 0 255 336 384 240 190 572 520 95 19:41 126 255 688 376 203 148 312 121 94 19:41 0 255 336 384 252 190 688 520 96 19:41 126 255 804 376 214 153 400 121 95 19:41 0 255 424 384 7 195 804 520 97 19:41 126 255 996 375 214 163 400 121 96 19:41 0 255 424 384 31 195 996 520 98 19:42 126 255 88 376 225 168 488 121 97 19:42 0 255 512 384 42 200 88 560 99 19:42 126 255 292 375 225 178 488 121 98 19:42 0 255 512 384 64 200 292 561 99 19:42 0 255 600 384 76 205 408 560 101 19:42 126 255 524 376 236 188 576 121 100 19:42 0 255 600 384 88 205 524 560 102 19:42 126 255 716 376 236 198 576 121 101 19:42 0 255 600 384 111 205 716 560 103 19:42 126 255 832 376 248 203 664 12248

PAGE 261

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 102 19:42 0 255 688 384 122 210 832 560 104 19:42 126 255 12 376 248 213 664 120 105 19:42 126 255 128 376 4 218 752 120 106 19:43 126 255 244 376 4 223 752 120 107 19:43 126 255 436 376 4 233 752 121 106 19:43 0 255 776 384 193 215 436 600 108 19:43 126 255 552 376 15 238 840 121 107 19:43 0 255 864 384 204 220 552 600 109 19:43 126 255 756 376 15 248 840 121 108 19:43 0 255 864 384 228 220 756 600 110 19:43 126 255 872 376 27 253 928 121 109 19:43 0 255 952 384 240 225 872 600 111 19:43 126 255 988 375 27 2 928 121 110 19:43 0 255 952 384 8 225 40 640 112 19:43 126 255 156 376 27 12 928 121 111 19:43 0 255 952 384 20 225 156 640 113 19:44 126 255 272 376 39 17 1016 121 112 19:44 0 255 16 384 32 230 272 640 114 19:44 126 255 476 376 39 27 1016 121 113 19:44 0 255 16 384 55 230 476 640 115 19:44 126 255 592 375 50 32 80 161 114 19:44 0 255 104 384 66 235 592 640 116 19:44 126 255 784 376 50 42 80 161 115 19:44 0 255 104 384 89 235 784 640 117 19:44 126 255 900 376 50 47 80 16249

PAGE 262

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 118 19:44 126 255 1016 376 62 52 168 161 117 19:44 0 255 192 384 112 240 1016 640 119 19:44 126 255 196 376 62 62 168 161 118 19:44 0 255 192 384 136 240 196 680 120 19:44 126 255 312 376 73 67 256 160 121 19:45 126 255 504 376 73 77 256 161 120 19:45 0 255 280 384 171 245 504 680 122 19:45 126 255 620 376 73 82 256 161 121 19:45 0 255 368 384 182 250 620 680 123 19:45 126 255 736 376 84 87 344 161 122 19:45 0 255 368 384 194 250 736 680 124 19:45 126 255 940 376 84 97 344 161 123 19:45 0 255 368 384 217 250 940 680 125 19:45 126 255 32 376 96 102 432 161 124 19:45 0 255 456 384 229 255 32 720 126 19:45 126 255 224 376 96 112 432 161 125 19:45 0 255 456 384 253 255 224 720 127 19:45 126 255 340 376 108 117 520 161 126 19:45 0 255 544 384 9 4 340 720 128 19:46 126 255 456 376 108 122 520 161 127 19:46 0 255 544 384 20 4 456 720 129 19:46 126 255 660 376 108 132 520 161 128 19:46 0 255 544 384 43 4 660 720 130 19:46 126 255 776 376 120 137 608 161 129 19:46 0 255 632 384 54 9 776 72250

PAGE 263

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 131 19:46 126 255 968 376 120 147 608 161 130 19:46 0 255 632 384 77 9 968 720 132 19:46 126 255 60 376 132 152 696 161 131 19:46 0 255 720 384 89 14 60 760 133 19:46 126 255 176 376 132 157 696 161 132 19:46 0 255 720 384 112 14 264 760 134 19:46 126 255 380 376 132 167 696 161 133 19:46 0 255 720 384 124 14 380 760 135 19:46 126 255 496 375 144 172 784 160 136 19:47 126 255 688 376 144 182 784 161 135 19:47 0 255 808 384 159 19 688 760 137 19:47 126 255 804 376 156 187 872 161 136 19:47 0 255 896 384 170 24 804 760 138 19:47 126 255 1008 376 156 197 872 161 137 19:47 0 255 896 384 193 24 1008 760 139 19:47 126 255 100 376 156 202 872 160 140 19:47 126 255 216 376 167 207 960 161 139 19:47 0 255 984 384 215 29 216 800 141 19:47 126 255 408 375 167 217 960 161 140 19:47 0 255 984 384 238 29 408 800 142 19:47 126 255 524 377 178 222 24 201 141 19:47 0 255 48 384 11 34 640 800 143 19:48 126 255 728 376 178 232 24 201 142 19:48 0 255 48 384 33 34 844 800 144 19:48 126 255 844 376 178 237 24 20251

PAGE 264

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 143 19:48 0 255 136 384 45 39 960 800 145 19:48 126 255 960 376 189 242 112 201 144 19:48 0 255 136 384 56 39 52 840 147 19:48 126 255 244 376 200 1 200 201 146 19:48 0 255 224 384 92 44 360 840 149 19:48 126 255 564 376 212 16 288 201 148 19:48 0 255 312 384 128 49 680 840 150 19:48 126 255 680 376 212 21 288 201 149 19:48 0 255 312 384 140 49 796 840 151 19:49 126 255 872 376 212 31 288 201 150 19:49 0 255 312 384 163 49 988 841 151 19:49 0 255 400 384 175 54 80 880 153 19:49 126 255 168 376 224 46 376 200 154 19:49 126 255 284 376 236 51 464 201 153 19:49 0 255 488 384 211 59 400 880 155 19:49 126 255 400 376 236 56 464 200 156 19:49 126 255 592 376 236 66 464 201 155 19:49 0 255 488 384 247 59 708 880 157 19:49 126 255 708 376 248 71 552 201 156 19:49 0 255 576 384 2 64 824 880 158 19:50 126 255 912 376 248 81 552 201 157 19:50 0 255 576 384 25 64 4 920 159 19:50 126 255 4 375 4 86 640 201 158 19:50 0 255 664 384 36 69 120 920 160 19:50 126 255 196 376 4 96 640 20252

PAGE 265

AppendixAContinuedTableA.7ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 159 19:50 0 255 664 384 60 69 312 920 161 19:50 126 255 312 376 4 101 640 201 160 19:50 0 255 664 384 72 69 428 920 162 19:50 126 255 428 376 15 106 728 201 161 19:50 0 255 752 384 83 74 544 920 163 19:50 126 255 632 376 15 116 728 201 162 19:50 0 255 752 384 105 74 748 920 164 19:50 126 255 748 376 27 121 816 201 163 19:50 0 255 840 384 117 79 864 920 165 19:50 126 255 940 376 27 131 816 201 164 19:50 0 255 840 384 141 79 32 960 166 19:51 126 255 32 376 27 136 816 201 165 19:51 0 255 928 384 153 84 148 96253

PAGE 266

AppendixAContinuedTableA.8MultihopExperimentwithK USF-B-MACProtocolId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 1 13:56 126 255 0 379 0 0 76 00 2 13:56 126 255 76 379 0 0 76 00 3 13:56 126 255 192 379 0 0 152 00 4 13:57 126 255 400 380 0 0 152 00 5 13:57 126 255 516 379 0 0 228 00 6 13:57 126 255 632 380 0 0 228 00 7 13:57 126 255 824 379 0 0 228 00 8 13:57 126 255 940 379 0 0 304 00 9 13:57 126 255 124 380 0 0 304 00 10 13:57 126 255 240 379 0 0 392 00 11 13:58 126 255 356 380 0 0 392 02 10 13:58 0 255 316 391 0 0 444 40 12 13:58 126 255 560 379 0 4 392 02 11 13:58 0 224 404 391 12 0 560 40 13 13:58 126 255 676 379 0 8 480 02 13 13:58 0 128 404 391 47 0 868 40 15 13:58 126 255 984 380 0 19 568 02 14 13:58 0 128 492 391 59 0 984 40 16 13:58 126 255 76 380 0 23 568 02 15 13:58 0 255 492 391 70 0 164 80 17 13:58 126 255 280 380 0 27 568 02 16 13:58 0 96 580 391 81 0 280 80 18 13:58 126 255 396 380 0 30 656 0254

PAGE 267

AppendixAContinuedTableA.8ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y2 17 13:59 0 96 580 391 93 0 396 80 19 13:59 126 255 588 379 0 37 656 02 18 13:59 0 80 580 391 116 0 588 80 20 13:59 126 255 704 380 0 40 744 02 19 13:59 0 80 744 391 128 0 704 82 20 13:59 0 255 860 391 139 0 908 80 22 13:59 126 255 192 379 0 48 844 00 23 13:59 126 255 532 379 0 52 844 00 24 13:59 126 255 856 380 0 60 844 00 25 13:59 126 255 64 379 0 64 944 02 24 13:59 0 128 684 391 196 0 440 120 26 14:00 126 255 472 379 0 68 944 02 25 14:00 0 255 800 391 207 0 656 120 27 14:00 126 255 704 380 0 72 20 42 26 14:00 0 128 1016 391 218 0 772 120 28 14:00 126 255 20 380 0 76 20 42 27 14:00 0 192 216 391 241 0 980 120 29 14:00 126 255 344 379 0 84 20 42 28 14:00 0 144 432 391 253 0 72 160 30 14:00 126 255 676 380 0 88 120 41 10 14:00 2 255 908 304 0 0 488 42 29 14:00 0 144 648 391 21 4 304 160 31 14:00 126 255 100 379 0 96 120 41 11 14:00 2 224 216 304 11 0 604 42 30 14:00 0 112 764 391 45 8 636 16255

PAGE 268

AppendixAContinuedTableA.8ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y0 32 14:00 126 255 448 380 0 104 220 41 12 14:00 2 192 548 304 22 0 720 42 31 14:00 0 64 48 391 81 16 960 160 33 14:00 126 255 980 379 0 115 220 41 13 14:00 2 128 872 304 45 0 928 42 32 14:01 0 64 164 391 115 20 260 200 34 14:01 126 255 396 380 0 126 220 41 14 14:01 2 112 172 304 57 0 20 82 33 14:01 0 15 380 391 138 24 492 200 35 14:01 126 255 844 379 0 134 320 41 15 14:01 2 255 504 304 68 0 236 82 34 14:01 0 15 596 391 162 28 724 200 36 14:01 126 255 268 380 0 142 320 41 16 14:01 2 80 836 305 80 0 352 82 35 14:01 0 15 712 391 186 32 32 240 37 14:01 126 255 616 380 0 150 420 41 17 14:01 2 64 144 304 92 0 468 82 36 14:01 0 14 1020 391 221 40 356 240 38 14:01 126 255 124 380 0 162 420 41 18 14:01 2 14 560 304 115 0 676 82 37 14:01 0 14 112 391 255 44 680 240 39 14:01 126 255 564 380 0 173 420 41 19 14:01 2 12 892 304 127 0 792 82 38 14:01 0 14 328 391 21 48 912 240 40 14:01 126 255 896 380 0 181 520 4256

PAGE 269

AppendixAContinuedTableA.8ContinuedId Sample# Time parent light temp voltage mag x mag y accel x accel y1 20 14:01 2 255 100 304 138 0 1008 82 39 14:01 0 14 544 391 44 52 120 280 41 14:02 126 255 320 380 0 189 520 41 21 14:02 2 10 432 304 150 0 100 122 40 14:02 0 14 660 391 66 56 452 280 42 14:02 126 255 668 380 0 197 620 41 22 14:02 0 255 764 304 191 0 400 122 41 14:02 0 15 36 391 78 56 568 280 43 14:02 126 255 992 379 0 206 620 41 23 14:02 0 255 972 304 203 0 516 122 42 14:02 0 64 152 391 100 56 776 280 44 14:02 126 255 292 379 0 216 720 41 24 14:02 0 255 164 304 215 0 632 120 45 14:02 126 255 624 379 0 222 720 41 25 14:02 0 255 280 304 226 0 848 122 44 14:02 0 64 584 391 122 56 1008 280 46 14:02 126 255 956 379 0 228 720 41 26 14:02 0 255 496 304 238 0 964 122 45 14:02 0 255 800 391 133 56 200 320 47 14:02 126 255 164 379 0 235 820 41 27 14:02 0 255 712 304 6 0 148 162 46 14:02 0 15 1008 391 145 56 316 320 48 14:02 126 255 580 380 0 248 820 41 28 14:02 0 255 920 305 18 0 264 162 47 14:03 0 64 100 391 168 56 524 32257


xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
record xmlns http:www.loc.govMARC21slim xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.loc.govstandardsmarcxmlschemaMARC21slim.xsd
leader nam Ka
controlfield tag 001 001909493
003 fts
005 20070918154544.0
006 m||||e|||d||||||||
007 cr mnu|||uuuuu
008 070918s2006 flu sbm 000 0 eng d
datafield ind1 8 ind2 024
subfield code a E14-SFE0001664
040
FHM
c FHM
035
(OCoLC)173005587
049
FHMM
090
TK145 (ONLINE)
1 100
Souccar, Karim.
0 245
Transmission power control for wireless sensors networks
h [electronic resource] /
by Karim Souccar.
260
[Tampa, Fla] :
b University of South Florida,
2006.
3 520
ABSTRACT: Energy saving, in battery operated wireless sensor networks, for the purpose of increasing the node and network lifetime, has gained substantial importance. This research was conducted with the objective of reducing the power consumption of the MICA2 sensors. The objective was pursued by manipulating the MAC layer, and by introducing a dynamic transmission power control algorithm. A new simulation tool was developed in order to reduce the complexity related to the design and testing of the transmission power control algorithm. The power control algorithm was also developed in the NesC language for the MICA2 sensors. In addition,several modifications were introduced to the original MAC protocol. Data, derived from both simulations and experiments, demonstrated that a significant reduction in energy expenditure was achieved, for the MICA2 sensors. In addition,the data revealed that the network lifetime was extended. This research dramatically illustrated the energy saving potential of the application of transmission power control procedures in wireless sensor networks.
502
Thesis (M.A.)--University of South Florida, 2006.
504
Includes bibliographical references.
516
Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format.
538
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
500
Title from PDF of title page.
Document formatted into pages; contains 257 pages.
590
Adviser: Wilfrido Moreno, Ph.D.
653
K_USF-B-MAC.
Energy saving.
WSN Blockset.
WSN simulator.
Dynamic power adjustment.
690
Dissertations, Academic
z USF
x Electrical Engineering
Masters.
773
t USF Electronic Theses and Dissertations.
4 856
u http://digital.lib.usf.edu/?e14.1664