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A mixed methods approach to examining factors related to time to attainment of the doctorate in education


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A mixed methods approach to examining factors related to time to attainment of the doctorate in education
Physical Description:
Wao, Hesborn Otieno
University of South Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Survival analysis
Dissertations, Academic -- Educational Measurement and Research -- Doctoral -- USF   ( lcsh )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


ABSTRACT: Over the years, the time that students take to attain the doctorate, particularly in Education, has been increasing. Given the cost incurred in preparing students, the decrease in years of productivity in the chosen professions, and other opportunity costs, this trend is of great concern to students, the university, and society at large. This dissertation examined the timing of doctorate attainment and the factors related to this timing. Using secondary data (N=1,028 students), discrete-time multilevel hazard analysis was employed to determine the relationship between various factors and the timing of doctorate attainment in a College of Education. Complementary to the quantitative analyses, four student and two faculty focus groups and four follow-up student interviews were conducted to identify factors perceived to influence time to attainment of the doctorate (TTD) in one College of Education at a state university.Discrete-time multilevel hazard analysis revealed that the median TTD in Education was 5.8 years; students were most likely to attain the doctorate in the seventh year. In each year during the observation period, students' master's grade point average (GPA) score at admission, percentage of female students in the program, and mean graduate record examination (GRE) quantitative score in the program were each positively associated with the odds of doctorate attainment; whereas the size of the department housing the program was negatively associated with the odds of doctorate attainment. Female students were more likely than males to attain the doctorate in each year during the observation period, however, the difference disappeared when clustering of students into programs was considered.According to students, the way program expectations and requirements are communicated, the nature of the dissertation committee formed, and dissertation topic chosen each had a strong association with TTD. Faculty perceived that whether a student enrolls part-time or full-time, the amount and quality of academic preparation received, and the nature of academic guidance, mentoring and supervision received, each had a strong association with TTD. Both students and faculty concurred that the nature and arrangement of program tasks and resources and the desire to work and attain goals despite obstacles encountered had strong associations with TTD. Implications for policy and practice and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Dissertation (Ph.D.)--University of South Florida, 2008.
Includes bibliographical references.
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Mode of access: World Wide Web.
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System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Hesborn Otieno Wao.
General Note:
Title from PDF of title page.
General Note:
Document formatted into pages; contains 242 pages.
General Note:
Includes vita.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002001047
oclc - 319436650
usfldc doi - E14-SFE0002554
usfldc handle - e14.2554
System ID:

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;@ nrnn$rr nnrnnrrn$r rnr$n+-r r$rrnrn -rrr.rnr rnnrrn* !"#$#n r%# $nnnnn$r-r$rnn rnr*%nn $rnnnnr rnnnnr *3n+rn rnn n+-+r $ $nnnnn-rrr n* !&#$#n :rnnrnn+ ##'%# F**+n-rn r r.nnnr"nn nH ## #'%# F**+n-+n+ r.nnr "nnnHrnr,n*n rrn$rnnnrrnr nrnn +rn nnrnnnnrrn* # $nnn nnrn nrrr+r $nrrnn+ +Inrrrn*3 rrrrn


;B nnrnrrn nnrnnr$+ -rrrrrnr n-rr. rnr+n+nr*!"#n%# rn-nrn$n rn $rr F**+ ##n Hr.nnn -rnIF**+ ##'%# H$ F-+;GG/H*r-rrn $nn rnrrrn % F**+nrrrn nnn-nn$rn r-rnrH -rr$-rF-.J6 +/00>H*n-$r+nnr +nn-rrr+n &rn +nr .n-rr F-.J6+/00>H*!&#n%# &##'%# ++r.nnnn n rn+++$ nrrn nrF-+;GG/H*n $nn$n$ &rn&+ nrnr+ r.nnr *n-$r+Nr r.nQr,--N rrrn QF%,+;GGC+*1CH*n N-rr-nr


;C O-Pn+,-r nrn-nr.+nnrnnnr.nQF%,+ ;GGC+*1CH* r.nn"r "r33rn$r$-nrrr nnnrr* r-nnrn nrrnnnnr rnn-nrn$r$-n nnrnr+ nnrrrr*5+ rnr-nr, nnnrrrnnnnrn* rrnrrr$-+rr nnrrnr$nn$rr r rrr+ &&rr+ rnnnr* :rn+nr8 $$r8nn nrn$n+&+r n8n rr$n r*nnnr rnn-nn n.r+$ n+nrn+nrn "r333rnnnnr nnnn-n n( $ $nn* rnr r+rnnrI n+nrnrnn nnIr+nn+ rrn*rnn nn* "r3?rrn nnn $ $rn*3 n+rr n


;< rnn*r rnn rnn $-r $n nn r $* "r?nnnrn*r+ rnn nrr-nr,rr$-*5+ rr rnrnnnr-rn* +nnrn +rnnnrr+nr+ rrrrr*


;> "!33(?363# $r$n'$nrnr.+ .+rr rnrnn nr*rn !rn=rn+3"+!35+ r7nn %nr-r.n$rnrn n r+nn,+nnr+rn +nrr* :rnnrnn rnnnr nnrrn +nr-rnr rrnrr$--r nnnn*n +(FHrr nrn rnnnrr+r n+nrrnr+FH-n #%+%nEF;GGGH+ --n rN,nr-rr .-nnr nnr#%QF*;;H+FHnn nnrRrr -rn-r $nnnrnn rnr-rn-$ -n* r$-$n$rn -nn r+nnrr+nn-n nnnnr nnnnrr*5+ rnnnr$-nn


;1 nrnnr+rnr rrnn-nnr +rnnn nrrrr* rn+nrn$r$-n n+-n n+nrrnnn-+r $*6+n.r $n+nrn+ nrn *rnr* !n%nnnr%!r D !rrrnNnr nrnnrr, n+-r+,QF ()%* +;GG@+*1>>H*nnr rrn nrnnrnnn #+rn* nn-nEF;GG@H+%r nrEF/00CH+2rEF;GG>H+ 3$,n$%,EF/00>Hnrnnr r*#,r +-$n rrn$nrn nrn&nrnnnrrnr +6n$F/00;H$-OnnrP +n$nrnnrn&n r nnnr*7r$rF;G11H rnnr +r+rn* rnnnrrr$r FJ:,+;G1>8 :r+;GGGH,nr$nnr nnnr,nn $rr rFn+;GG@H*:rF;GGGH @nr # n$8n-$r+ n rrn*


;G nnr(N-r nrrnOnnr EPnnrQF*;0>H*r nrrnnnrrD -$r,nnnr rFn*+ /00;H*:n$nn nnrn+ n,n--rn-nnnBnn,+-nnrrnr+ rrnnrn+,n+nr rrnrnnF7n+ /000H*r+nn ,rnnr nrnrnrnr*%n nrnr nrnn.nrrnr rnr+ n$rnr* r2.F;G>>Hn++ rn rOnnrPrn$ ,&nr$ nnnrnrr nrnrnrn -r*6n$F/00;H+r nnrrnN$ rn+Qnr$r+ $rnr nr@0r+-r-rnr nErrF*;H* nrrrn$r n+n+ rrnnnnrrr nrnnnnrr n+rrn rnr*+ +-rnnrrn -r r+rn $-r $r$n, B%nnrrn,r,rn$rn nnrnrrnn*


/0 nnr*:Nnn nrQnnnr F*r+rnnn+n r;1+/000+rrr-rrN nrQNrrnrQFnn+;G>/+*/C1H* rnrnn r-$n%;G>0*nr nn+rnn rrnrn,nr nCnn $rnnn*$rn E rnrnrnr$+-r n$rn nrr$rnr !-./0132rn"(n# nF;G>CH+%En+n nnn$rn nnrnnr* nnrn C!rr.F/00CHrn rn-Nrnr $ $nr nnrnrr r r rnrrnnr rnnQF*CBH*


/; nr-En nrr rnrrnr+ rnnrnr n*%rnnnF**+nn rHnn F**+nrnHn $n$ nrnrnrn nrr* 4%n56'./0132rn5(n# n+-.nrn Enn$ rnrn+-nr nrnnnr rnr*nrnn+ Enn$n nr $nr*+-r-n+ -$nr+n n nn* 7##-./082rn4#"# (n# nnnr&rn rr+r+ r$nrnr+!rF;G10 Hnr.n$rn -r+rnn rrn+ n&nrn*!rnrn !rE-rn n# nnRrn& ;1n/B r+rn+$nFr J"rr+;GG>H*"n nrn$n nnr$n n# nnRnnr /Br+rnr& -nr,+$n&+ rrrn FrJ"rr+;GG>H* nnrnnrn nn*


// 9n('-./0832rn5(n# n rnr nr-nE !rEn*nr n$+ n.n+rrnnnn *"nrrn!rEn+ :.rEF;G1CHnnr. Er-rnrnr nn.n-rnrn -*3nrnnE n+nrn$rnrn n*3+ $rn$r+nrn n+nnrn rrnnrn$rr nE-r-n nnrn*6r+:r .rF;G1>H $rnnrrrn rnr nr+rnr+nrrn* %::nn-./00+2"n( n#rn nnnEF;G>CHn: r.rEF;G1>H nrnnnr nrrn*3n rrrnr Fr&rn nH*nn-rnr F**+$7!H+ nnF**+nnE nnnH+ nrrnr+nn F**+nrnr rH+rnF**+ n-nErH+ nrnF**+$nnnr nrnn, rH+r$*n$-r nrnr rnnrnn$r*#,nE n+-


/@ $rnnrrn+ n $rnnrn.n rn* rn#-.2"n(n#rn7 :n"rr*EF;GG@H-nr,+%rF /000H$nn rrn&,&F"% H+r$r+ *"%rnn rnr nr,nn$8r $rnnr rnr$n$n 8 rn -n* rnn-n+ rnF**+n rnnnH+n nn+-r n$rnnr8n-$ r+"%+nrr,+ r+nnr 3+$rnnr+n& r+rnrrr*rrnn nnnrn nrrn-rrn+n. nnrn +.n$n$* rnnrr nnrrn* #rn ;n)-./0882(n#;nrn 7 nrn7r$rEF;G11Hn+n rnrrn -nnrrrnr* F**+rn+ r+r+rnrH E #


/B F**+-rrr$nr nnr $Hrrrnnnr rrnr*!rnn # F**+7+n-+rnnrHr' nrn n # nErnr+-r+rn rrnr* 7rFrnnrrnH nInFrnnrn rnH+n-$r+rnnr. rnnnrr rnr*n.nrn r$rnn$ nrnnrrrnn rrn+ $-n-6n$EF/00;Hn nnnrr nrnrnr r*6n$nrn nr-r-rnrrnrn n--rn $r-nrnnn* !-./00+2 n#(n##7 nEF;GG@Hn.nnr n+rnrF**+rnr nHrnrF**+ +n+nH*%+ $nrrr nnnrr*rnr+ n% rr+ nr+,rn+ rnr*r nnnr+ +-nnn nnn8n+nn+ nn8 *nnn nnr+-rn nnrnr $+nrnr+ #& +-nrnn


/C r*nrn nrnr+ +F**+rnnrnHnrn F**+rnr& rnH*3rnn+nn& + -$+nr+ rrnnr* nErnrrnrr nrn nnrr*3%;+rnn nn6 +nnr rnn rnF-nrInr nrH-rrnr&n r*%/+rn n nn +rr.,nn$ n nnrnrnnnrr r*r+n rnrrnn' nEn$n* 3%@+rnrn nn#n +-r+ rnn+$r *rrrnr5r "rEF;GG@H$F$.*+nr-nr,8 rrnnrnr-r 8rnn+ rn$nr+-r rnn8n-r rnrr8nr rnnnHrn rnnnr* r-.32"n(n#;nr n7 %rnrF/00CHrnrr rnr r( F**+nnr$+nnnr rn-+ n+-rnrnr n-rr$H8 n F**+rr7!+7nr+%I" nrH8 n F**+r+++r H*


/< nEnnnnr nrn*3 nnrnnnrr nrnr* %rnrrrn+nnr rnnnrnnrrrn rrnrn rr*nrnrn nrnnr rnn+rnn nnrr-$n* r-nrnrnr,n7r$r F;G11H+nF;GG@H+%rF/000H+%rnr F/00CH* 3r"n%nnnr!r rnrn rrrn rnnrr*"n.n nrrr r ,nrnn nE rrnn*nnrr $nnr( + + n-r;* nr 4/ *3rnnnnrr nnr!rF r H 3rn %n3rn nn3rn !rnr :,rn?r &%&&&7!nr&7nr&* 7n"n ;# ( &&n&nn&rn ( &r & r rr <,!7,! "7,!r 7

/> nnrrn,r nrr +++7nrr$n* rnnrr $nn$ rFn+;GG@H*nn FHnn FnnHnnrr+n3nrnn* "n$+rrnrrnnrnn nrrnnr*% $nnnn*nF;GG@H %rF/000H nnnnn+n-$r +3$nn rnFnnn nHr nFnn-nr,++ rH* nrnn+nrnr+ r nrn*n+3nn rnrnr*+ +rrnr-$rn n+rn rrnrnn rn*n$n rnrnrn+ n.n$r*nr nn n* 5n rrnrnn r nnnF%r+/0 00Hnrn-nr,-nrn F7n+/000H*3n -nErnr+ rrnrr+rn$n$ rnr$*rnr n+n. $nrnr n-nnr* rnrn


/1 nE%rEn*3 $r%rnrEn+ r$n$7r$rEn "rr*F;GG@H # $nrNnrnrn+QNn ,r+Qn $rnrF*;@/H* %+rrnr nrnr-r r$*rnrn +r $nnrnnnnr*%n rnrnE%rEn 8n-$r+7r$ rEn+rrn$r+ nnrnn* rnE r-rnnr *r nrnnnr*rnr n+3r$n nnrnn-r *nnrn rnnn$r%rnrEn +nI %rEn+nr7r $rEn* n+ #% F**+n$nHrrnr nnrnrrnrn n-rnnr*3r rnr nrnnrnr rnnnrr* !rnrrr rn nrrn*n %rEnE &r$r*


/G 7r+n$nr nnnrnnr nnnrn*nr rn nnrn+nr, -nnr r*nr$-n r(nnnrnr nnnnr nrrnnnr r*nn++n n* r;n-rnrrn-nr -n'nrnr-n n+r nrn rnnnnr nr8nrnr nrn nnr+nr+ rrn-r&rn* rn rrr$r-n r( #!! + #n !! + n!! *nrrnrnrrnn nn rnnnnr +nrn rnnFrn*+;GG1H* rrnrnr rnrnnnrrnrn nnr rnnr,rn$$n$F:n-J +;GG/H*r nrnr rrrnrFrn *+;GG1H*3+nr+n rrnnn rnnr* nr$r$-n%n ;rrnn nn -;G<0/00<*+$+ $+nr


@0 n-rn+$rnnrr n*rn NQF**+ nrnrnrnrHNn& QF**+n& nrnrn&nrnrH* ;rn!9/0H =$ +$ % <* 7r$JrF;G11H =$ !rnr. % !rnrr$r % $ % >* "$F;GG0H =$ %+I 5n +7! % 1* 7rrnF;GG;H =$ !rn 5n G* .,J,F;GG;H =$ !rnrn % !rn 5n ;0* :rF;GG/H =$ $ % ;;* :n-JF;GG/H rnn+7! % !rnr.+ % 7&?rI= 5n !rnrr$r % $+rn % ;/* 5rJ"rF;GG@H =$ +$ % rn % rn" % ?-nrn % %rrnrnr % ;@* 7rF;GGCH =$ !rnrn % ;B* 6.F;GGCH !rn 5n rnn % $ % I!rnr % ;C* :nF;GGH =$ %+$ % ;>* %-r.F;GG>H =$ $ % !rnr % nr %FnH


@; ;FnH % n nr % ;1* :nJ:nF;GG1H =$ rn % ;G* %r*F;GG1H =$ rn % +$ % !rnrn % % 5n nrn % /0* ,*F;GG1H =$ rn % /; J%nF;GGGH =$ %+ % $ % nn%r % //* +,n-+Jn F;GGGH =$ 5n $+%& % /@* :rF;GGGH %++rI 5n 7&?rI=* %U rn+7! %U nnr+ % n$n$ % %&+ % %&rn % /B* :rrJF/000H =$ !rnrr$r % /C* rrr?rnF/00;H +rn % /<* %rJ%n,F/00;H =$ !rnr. 5n />* r,F/00/H rnn % !rnrn % /1* %F/00@H =$ %+ % rn % /G* :rF/00BH $+ % rnn % rn+n$n % %&rn % !rnr @0* r*F/00BH "nn % %&rn % + % n$n % rr % @;* "rnF/00CH =$ I 5n @/* %rnrF/00CH =$ I % 7&?rI=* 5n % @@* 6F/00

@/ rnn r;G<0:rnrn rn# %*:rnEF;G<0H+--n n+ rn$nnnrn n-+rrnn-nr,+-n-nrr *nn-+n F;G0r;G10F,*+ ;GG0H*5nnnn ,$$rn n+:,F;G1>Hrn 5nr"nE nnrnrnr#$rn"nr 6nF#"6Hnnr r-;G><;G1C*#rrn+ nnrnnrF**+ +n-+n+nrrn nrH-nnr$rn -n*%rn


@@ rnnrnn,nrn-nr nn-* nnnr#"6nnrr -n+;;r* .rnnnr;; rn$r/0& rrnF;G<>&;G1 nn!**rnrr%;0 $r-n$r@CrF;G< /n;G1

@B +FHrnr-rrnn FnnrHnrr+FH -nrnrnnrn nrnrn n-+FHrnrrn$ +rnn'$ +-rn -nrr+FHn nrnrrnn-n -nrr* 7r+n;G10+-rrr rn -rnrF**+ n$nHnnr F**+$H*#,nrF **++r+rH nr+nr-rn +rrn *:Vn&&n& E nrrn+rnrnrrn -*nr r rn $rr $rn* 3r;GG0+rrrnn $rnn nrrn*nr $ -n5r"r F;GG@H+-$rn &nrrn* (F;HrrnF**+rnr rr+ -nr,-rnrnr&$-rn -nrr+-r $+nr+rr&$ rnr-rn-nr H8FHrrnrnrF**+rnr r rrErnr n+n +rnn ,&$n-r n-nrr+-rrnr nr$-r n-nrH8FHrn nF**+rnr$rnnrn rnrrn


@C $-'nrnrnn,n-H8F H$F**+rnr rnr$-rn -nrr nnnrrH8 FHrF**+ rnrrr.-nn nrnrr+ -rrnr-r-rrn nrnr H8FHrrnF**+rnr $rnnrn n-nrr-rn -nrnH8FH nnrF**+n-rn-nrr -r+n+n--rn -nrH* rnn $r nr ;GG0+rrrnnnn nnrrn *nrrnn6.F;GGCHn nrnrnnn nnrrnnr nrn-n!**rnr n*3 $nrn+ n&rr r$-+-r $ nrn+.rnr nrr$nr rn*%nnn r+nr-r n-nn rnn+ r$nr+nr$r r*n:+ nrrnnnr ,nrnrn n+,nn$nr&$rn +,n$nr-nr,+ *5n r-rn rn-nr:*


@< :nEF;GGH $-nr nnrnnr -nWrnnrnnrr (rnInnrF**+ &n+r+++ +Ir HnnrF**+rnr +r+r nr+$nrI$rn H*nr+-rn &n+-n-r&n nr -r,nrnrrn -n,&n* %-r.EF;GG>H $nn n6rrr rr$rrn $rnr F**+$nrE$+r n+ $nrEnn+ $nrEnnrn HEnrrF**+nr+-nr, +nnrnnrn+ $rrH-rrn *3n+rnrrrnr-rnrn %r*F;GG1H$$rr nnnnn nnrrnr$n;CB -nr-;G1> ;GG/rn5r%+%n%+ rnrKnr,#$r*


@> # n$rF5? Hrrn+ n(FH-rrrrn+ -rnrnr$n r$-r+FH n-rnrnrn nrnrn+FH rnr+rnrnr$nr+ nnr$-nr,-r$nr -rn-nrr* nrrn+*F; GGGH$n$G> nnr"nnn rr$r+ nrF**+rH $rFH n*n-$r+-r$ nrr&F**+ rnnnnn-rrH nnrn-$nr-r nr,nnrrnn r'nrrrrrn' -rn-n,rr* )nrrnr+:rF;GGGH nnnnn 0;GG1r nrrrrr*n &n r+n-nn nrr nn+rrnrnrF:n-J +;GG/85rJ"r+;GG@H+r$nn& <:rF;GGGHrN&Qnr rnnnn $ $*nnn$&F&rH-r nn $r F%n-,J:rrnn+/00@H*


@1 r* &r$(FH nrr& rn+nnrnr $n$rnn$+r n$rnnr-r n-nnrrnn8FHr nn$&$nr rn-n-nn nnnr8FHr $n$rnr$-n -rnn8 FHrnr-rnr,n$n$ -rr -rn&rr8FH-n+7 ++n--rnr ,nnr-rn -nrnnrnrn 8FH$r7!nr 7nr-rn$ rnrnrnn8FHrn nnnr n$nnn+$rrn+ $n$n-r n$rnrnn8FH nr$r+r+ +rnrnn$ nrn&rr* rrr?rnF/00;Hnn rnn rnrnn rnnnr +rr&r$r*3 $+n nnr-r $ nn+n& rrn&r$-nrr Er$nnr *3rnn nn+ ,nnrrnnr-nr,rr-r rn*%+r$n-nr*


@G :rF/00BHnnrnn n rnrnEnnnn nrr r+nnnr rF**+"!nn+$rn %+7rnnn+r nrnHnr$+ +r$r*3 $+nn nr-r $+r$-;<:r rnrnr* %nn-r nr-rn-nrr (rnIrnr nr8$rnnrnr rnnn8 nr8nrnnrn rnr8nn$8rnn8 rnrn$n8r rnrn* nnrnr++nr rrrnr n-n%nr#$r+r*E F/00BHn $n$nrnr$-n $nnr$r nrn $rn;<0 nnnrrnr n*nrn $F& r H $F H+-r$ rr-n(F Hnnrnn F**+rrr$n &nr-r& rrnnrH +FHrn-F**+ rr-rnr,n$ n$rn-$nr -rrH+FHnnr F**+rrn rnrH+FH F**+rr-r


B0 nr,nrnrnr-r rH+FHrrr F**+rrnrr n-rn n+nn+ rH+FHn, NQ-nr,nrF**+rrrnr,n,nrrn -nnrnn rnrH* nn%n rr$nn$rn nn* #n+:n-F;GG/H rn$rn +r+ +n++ n+rnn*!rnrn+ ,*F;GG0H. rnnn rnnn r*%nrrr$nr $rnnn+nrF**+6+/008:n +;GG<85rJ"r+;GG@8 %r*+;GG18%n.r+/00H*r$nr$n nrnrF**+ rn$rn$nnnrnHr n-$n F**+:r+/00B8*+;GGG8rrr ?rn+/00;Hnrn-F**+ :r+;GG0H*.rrnr +nrrr$rrnnnrnrnnF% rJ%n,+/00;H+ nnFr,+/00/H+n-nr,F"rn +/00CH*-$nr$


B; nn-n F2r+;GG>8r*+ /00BH+-rnr$nn +nr+rn -&F*+;GGG H+rnF7rrn+;GG;8 6.+;GGC8.,J,+;GG;H+nrrnr nF7r+;GGC8., J,+;GG;H*+nn rn+rn$ nrnrrn#%* nrn rnnn$rnn nnr+ nrn$r$-n-nnn nrrn-*: n$r$rrnnr+ n+n rn-$nr r. ++Inrr nnrn*3-r nnrn +rNFHrQn rrn* r& rrrrnnn -F:r+;GGG8 :n+;GG<8"$+;GG08%r*+;GG1H +nr$n-n nrnrnFJ%n +;GGG82r+;GG>H*% F/00@Hn$r+nrnnrnrn r+rnr,r-n nrrr$r8n-$r+ rn$r* ? nrIrn$* $ rInrnF:r+;G GG8:n+;GG<8"$+;GG08


B/ "rn+/00CH*%rnrF/00CHn rn-r+nrn+:, -r, ;*Cnr,nn nr* 55n nnr* *EF;GGGHn-nn-rnrnr *%r+-n$ :rEF;GGGH& -nn-r nn*3nr+%F/00@Hn rn -rnrnr rnnr rn-rnrnr-r, nnnr-r nr*"$F;GG0HnnrF X@0rHn& n;*Crrr+-r nrF @0rHn& nn,nrrnr nr*F/00

B@ -;;nn/<-r%rnr F/00CHn7 $ nrnr nnr* ;$%#r 3-$rn -7$rnr +rrn$r nn-*3:rE F;GGGH+$r-nn@nn/0+ nnnnrnrn nnr*%rnrF/00CH n$rn rnnnr* 7r' !rnr.rrnrn rnr F:n-J+;GG/H*nnnrr* :n-EF;GG/H&r$ rrrnrr n-nr*%r+7r$ rEF;G11Hnrrrrn Frnr.H-rrn nnrrrnr*%r%n,F/00; H+n-$r+nn$ .nnnrrnr-rn* #?7 !rnrrI$rrrn$ nrn-rn rInnnnrnr *rnr rn-$ nrrnn*:nF;GG/Hrnr Ir$rr* %r+7r$rF;G11H:rr F/000Hn rI$rrnr nrnr*


BB 5n:(:nr nnnnrn+ rn+n -nrrFJ:,+ ;G1>8:r+;GGG8:r+/00B8:n-J+ ;GG/85rJ"r+;GG@8 J%n+;GGG8*+;GGG87r$ Jr+;G1182r+;GG>8 6.+;GGC8%-r.+;GG>8%r*+;GG18 n+;G

BC nrnn* rnn rnnFJ:,+;G1>8:r+/00 B8:rn+;G<08:n-J +;GG/8J%n+;GGG8r *+/00B85rJ"r+;GG@8 %r*+;GG18%rnr+/00C8n+;G>H&nr+ $n ,$$nn **F;GGGH+ n&nrnr n-rr& rnrnr+nr$nrr& F**+Ernnnn n-rrH-rnr,n nrrnn-n ,rr&*


B< ( n$*:rF;GGGHn rnrnn$nF**+rnnn rnHnnr *r*F/00BH r-nnrrnr n$nnnnrn r*:rEF/00BHn Wrn$n+nnr rr+* #r rrn-n*! n-F;G1

B> $n$;@/nnrnn nrn$rn+ 7rrnF;GG;H-rnr :nr$ nrn+-n-rnr,n rn-rnr nnnrnnrn* rnr:nrnr+nrnn$rn rnr-nr r$nrn:F6.+;GGCH*3 .,,E F;GG;H+n-$r+rnr nrrn* @# n-r nr*:rF;GGGHr*F/00BH nnnn -nrr*7rnF;G1CHnnrn -* %rnnrn 3+;Gnr-rr n*rn $+rnrn -nnr rrnnn nF**+r nrnHrnF**+n$n r$H*rn $ +nrrrn r nnrnnr nr$nrrF** +rnrnrnH*n r.rnnnrn+ rNQF**+rrr nnrnrnr nrHNn&QF**+ rrrnn&nrn rn&nrnrHr n-/*nrnn$r+n$ FYH$F&Hrn rnnrn*


B1 / 4#n!!Ar nr %I 5% nI =$ =$ n ;*% % J%nF;GGGH %F/00@H 2rF;GG>H 5% "$F;GG0H :nF;GG*rn % %* %F/00@H %r*F;GG1H nF;GH 5rJ"rF;GG@H :rF;GGGHU rrrF/00;H :rF/00BH r*F/00BH :JF;GG/H G*!rnr%. %& 7JF;GG1H :JF;GG/H 5% %rJ%n,F/00;H ;0*!rnr $r %Y :rrJF/000H 7JF;GG1H :JF;GG/H ;;*$+ nr+ nr %r$n % J%nF;GGGH *F;GGGH %r*F;GG1H 7JF;GG1H %-r.F;GG>H :rF;GG/H 5rJ"rF;GG@H 2rF;GG>H J:,F;G1>H :rF/00BH :JF;GG/H :rF;GGGH 6.F;GGCH ;/* rn n % :rF/00BH r,F/00/H :JF;GG/H 6.F;GGCH ;@*rn % :nJ:nF;GG1H :rF/00BH :JF;GG/H ;B*%& % *F;GGGH :rF;GGGHFnH


BG /F"nH nr %I 5% nI =$ =$ n ;C*n$n % :rF;GGGH :rF/00BH r*F/00BH ;<*nn %r % !n-JF;G1* !rnrn % 7rF;GGCH JF;GG;H ;1* !rn 5% 7rrnF;GG;H JF;GG;H 6.F;GGCH ;G* % :rF;GGGH r*F/00BH 5% 7rnF;G1CH U%n.n-+nr n8%*L%85%L5n%8 7r$JrF;GG1H8.,J,F;GG;H8:n-JF;GG/H8 #n.r$n % n-nrn$r$-+n r$ $*"nrn $rn+ $rnrrrr nr$rnrn(nn nr$r+$n$ r.+rnr$r nrnn*n nnnrr nrnFn+;GG@H+n $nnr&n -rnnrn rrrnn +$r+r nr.n-nrn+Vn-n$ nnrEVn-n$ n+E-nrrnnnnr *# nrrn+-nrnrn rnnrnr* +nrrnnnr ,* nnrnn$Vr,En nnrnrn n-nnnnrr nr$nrnF**+


C0 nrHn*rn nrnrnr-n rn.-r $nrnrnnrr* %rF;GG@Hr nnnr F**+nnn$rnr$n rHrrrnr nr nrn nn$*n nrrnrrrE ,nnrnn .rrnrnrr nn$* .rFn+$nr Hn nnr nn Fn+ /00;H*$rrnrnrnn rnnr+nr+ rnV$nnnrEnV$ nnr*E n-nnr$nnnnr nn$rn+ ++nnr*%$r rn( n-nrnnnrn nnr+rrn$ nnnnr 8nrrnnnnr rrnn nrnnrnr $rnnnnr nrr--nn8nnrnn$r-n n$rFn+/00;8J% r+;GG;H* rnrrr nrrnn *3n+r ## $r


C; rrn-nnrnrn rr$$nnr*r # -n-r rn.n$r +rr+nnr*nn rrr 'nn# rnrr.r nn nnrn 'n*3 r+r #%## nr ## rnrrr nr,n-nrn nrnrnr* @'n# n-rn nrnrN.r*Q5n rN.r+QNr$$+QNr,Q rrn$r r*nr+nnr+ nn$$+$N.rQ* r,-F;G1CH+"$F;GG0H+ %rF;GG;H-r nrn.r nnn*r rnnnrrn. rnrr E$nrrnF**+, +/00@8)r+r+J "+/00/8%+/00@H+nnF**+)r +r+J"+;GGB8 nn+;GGBH+rnF**+)rJn+/ 0008)r+r+J "+;GGG8J7+;GGC8r+:r+ J%r+;GGGH+ rnIrnnIrrF**+3+/00@8 3J)r+/00/H*%n rrr$nnr, -r-nnrnrn$ rnF**+nJ% ,r+;GG<8nn+;GGCH* -rrr+n-$r+$n.r nnrr nnnnr*n r"$F;GG0H+-nnn


C/ rrnrnr$ r#$r7r%nnn n%F/00@H-nnn $rnn nnrn*3n +n-$r+rrrn nrr$rn n rInrrnr$n nnnr* %+nnrrr rnr* %F$&;nHn .-rnr F$&/nHnrr+ nrn .*rnnnr nr-r &$rrF**+$* Hrn rrnrnrn-n* nrnrr nnnr-rnrF**+ r&rnrnrrnH+nr ,nrrnrrr rrrnr*: nrrrrr+r rrn nnr-nrnr n-n+ n$nnrrn nr-rnr n*$n+n-$r+ n$nn $rnnnr nrnr$* r$--nr n$n nnnn*#!nrr F/00/H$nn r$F$&;HrF $&/Hnr nrnnnn rn,$n* %rF/00/Hn nrF$&;H


C@ nF$&/H$rn-r n-+nr r'nr*rrnnnn rrnn+.r -nnrnrn$ n-n* r&$.rn+ rrnrn$rn+$nrn nnn* F;GGGH+nrnr @+;;<$B@$nnrn r+nr&.r nnr$F$&;Hnr F$&/H$rrn rnnrnrr *?rnn-r ,$nr, 6FE H+6-5F:r*H+%% F!EH* r$-+n-$r+n-r r&$.r -nnnrrn nnnr* #nn7rnr%r% rr$. nrnr $ rrrEn+ +$nrrrnn


CB nr-r-nF**+:r+;GGG8n+; GG@H*"n + nrn$r$-+nrnr $ rnn nrrn*r n nn & rrnr$r$-*n +r*F/00BH+-n rnnn-nrnn n-* 3. $+ rrr$n rnrnr-rr$-rr rnn* $+n-$r+$$rn n(r rrrErn8nrr 8rn r.nnrnnrn-n .$n$8 n, $rnn r*n $nnnr n* :-$nnrnn rnE rnnnr+rnr n *2rr"F/000H nrnNr rnnnnrn nrnr r$+nr$rnQF*CH* rr nnn-$rnn nn-nrnrnn* nrn $nrn n-rrrnn $*3+nr+ r&$.r r nnnnr* :nnrn+-nr +nr+V Enrnr nrrrnr


CC n-rnr$*rr rnrn rn-nrnrInr rnrrnr n-nrn-* +nrnr$ nrEn++nn rrnrrn* nnrnr$$n $nr n-rnrnnF7n+/000H*n rnnN OrP$-nQNO PrnQ rnrn$$nF 7J6n+;GGB+*;;0H* !rErnrnr rnrnnr* ,nnnr rrnrnrr$rn* n-rr rn$n$r +nr+, n Nnnr$ +rnrnn nnr*Qn rn+n-$r+$nnrn*# ,+nr ,-rnnnrr*n r r,++rn .*r333+nr-r n$nrn $,rnrnr nnnrnrn* #nnrn% -rrr$nn nEF;GG@Hn rnrrnnnrn nnrr nrrn*%$rr rnnn rn*-n,n$n nnrn n-rrrn.nn nrr


C< Inr.nnn$r-,n nrnF-.J +/00@H*-nrrn $n nnr $nn8n-rr rn-rrnrn n8n-rrrnrn$ rnr$r nr+nnn+n nr*nrn+ n-$r+r$+&n+r r rnr$* nr$-+n-.r nr$nr nnrnrrr nrrn* rnnnn rr* %rn"r33 nnrrrnnr rrnn rnnnrrr* nnrnrnnnrr+ nrnrrr+r *"nnn nrrrn,n nnr*rnnnr rnn+rnnrn nn r$-+nrrnnr. nF**+rnr.+ rnrErI$r+$r InrIr$n++ rnn+nrn+rn HrnF**+++ +7!nr+7$rnr+7 $ nr+&+n$n+ nnr+rnrn+rn+ H*!rnnr n$rrnE nrnr nrnn-rn nrrnn$rnnrn*


C> "!333(% "r333-rnnrr +rn+r nrn$r*!rr-nrn n+ $ $nn*3 $ nnrrnn rr+r+nr+ $* $ nnrnnrr r+rI n+nnrn r+ $* r+!rn+!r ##&nB#B#n Fr/H-n -rn $ $nn nnrr + -r-rnr rr n+ nrrnrrnF6 J-.+rH*+ rnr&$.r -rn-r rnnrnr$-*rr -rn $ $nrn rrrn &nn nn-n # rF7r+ "r+J7r+;G1GH*3 $n n+-r n&rnr&$ nrrn nnnrrn$r nrrnr $nn+-rF**+-n rrr$H $ nnnF**+nrr H $r*


C1 "nn !rnrIr !rnIIn Z%nr Z6$&;F /L;+0/1H Z6$&/F L/BrnrH &5r &!rn&nrF;+0/1H &!rn&rnF@+CBCrnrH ZF**+ J7nrH Z.r(n $nn Z#$r+$r+ $n Z%%n-r &r$ &!rr(n nrrrnr+n rnnr$ & &.rIr$$n &rnnnr %rn rnrE( Z% Z6 &nrnrn F ;L<8 /LB8 @LC8 BL@H &Br$-F LBH &/nrnF L1H Znrn Z3$r$&(rrJn &#nn Z"nr.> Z"& Z& Z"rn& Z3rrnr Z3rrrnr &&rn &r .F%H &3.F3%H &!rr,n. &nn&%rrn &rrn Z3rrnn nrnnnn &nn &3nn &rrrn 4 *!r (! rnrnn 3n$nr+nnn nrn$r r$rn $$r $ nn$nr F)nnJ-.+/00BH*n. r $nr $ nr$nn nn+ >:r.rn-. F/00@Hrrnrnnn$r $nnrn;0n nnn.n* =#533? "nn =#533? "n "nn =$ "nn =$ 3rrn


CG nn,nnrrrn rnnn* nrnr r8'$n'$ nn,n-rnr8$ rrnnr* =$"nn $nn$n$nr nr$ "nnn*n&r nrrnrr -n-rr&$.r F**+nnn r&.r$n H-nr $rr n*%r nnrn-rnr$rn ;n;0rF@H+rn-n&n+r nnrnr+-n nnr*%r F;GG;Hrnnnn&nr $nr+rnn+ rnn-r* @ %rn5nn= Kr % Kr % ;GG0 ;1 ;GGG 1C ;GG; ;C /000 1@ ;GG/ B0 /00; G> ;GG@ C@ /00/ G; ;GGB <@ /00@ 1; ;GGC BC /00B 1/ ;GG< CG /00C >B ;GG> C0 /00 Unr%rn/00

<0 %$r-rrnnr $*n ,r,nrnrn rnr+ 3-rr* nr-r nnr+-n-r rrnnF**+,r, rn$rnnnr nrrnnH-rnrn rnrnrn+--r nr-n* nrrnEn+ rnn7nr-r nnrrnrnnr-r*n $rnr-r$F**+nnr H%rn/00<+ -rnrrn -r* 7 ?-rr+ $nn nn$&; .FrnH$&/.F rnrnrH*$&; -n-rn" n-%rn;GG0 %rn/00<+-r$&/n n/BrnrF;1!**<* *Hnr"n*"n-3 n$-:nrEF3:H r r+n"nn nrrnrrnn8 n-$r+r$n$r$-nn nrn rnrnrnrrnr nnnr$ rrr $r-$rrr$F" rnnnr $n+*H*3rnrnr n+


<; "nnrn+n!nn+3r nnn+ n+%n-rn/B rnr* nrrrnr, r+ r--nnn # F-.J6+/00>H+-rnnnr n-r nr*3;+;1G-n-r nnnrrnr%rn;GG0%rn/00<-r 8n-$r+.r n;+0/1rrnrn//C -nn-r rnrnrrn rn

<* n-B+$&;. F L;+0/1Hnr$nrn;0 r+nrn"$EC r$nrn ;G1/&;G11 ;G1/[%r/000 %r;GG0&%r/00< r$nr ;n>r @n/0r ;n;0r 5rnnnr > ;1 ;< C*1r 5nn C*1r 5nnnrnn .$*!.rF;GG>H B00nr$&; -r2rF;GGCT+T H* nrnrrn8L/*00+nrnrnrnn F%rJ+;GG;H*


<@ C %rn7%r&n ? *3n$-:nrF3:Hr r rnrrnn r+3+#,n-+ nrrI* rn#n $rE3:rn$r nn nr*%& $+rI++7! nr+7nr-r -rrn$n*-r rrnnrnnr nrrnn+rrnr +r+rn+nr nrnnn$r *3nrnn $$rn*nrnrn +r+rrnr !rnr %F H IF H n :, r FTH !0; ;1 /1 @C 1 ; / B @ < >BF>*/H !0> ;@ ;B ;< < / @ />F/* 1; G1 ;@ ;/ C ;/1F;@H !0G / ;B ;< 0 0 0 ; CB @ @ ;/ >/F>*0H !;; ;@ ;; ;B ; ; 1 /BF/*@H !;/ C C ;0 0 0 0 ;0F;*0H !;@ C ;@ ;< ; ; 0 ;1F;*1H !;B ;0 /; /> / / 0 @;F@*0H !;C ;B @B /C ; / /0 B1FB*>H !;< @ /C /> ; 0 0 /1F/*>H !;> / ;/ G @ ; ; ;BF;*BH !;1 B C/ BG B / ; C 1 ;0 ;;1F;;H !/; @; <1 10 > C > GGFG* / / 1 CGFC*>H !/@ ;C 1BF1*/H !/B ; 1 > / 0 0 GF0*GH n T @;1 @;T >;0 >C >CT ;0< ;0T CC

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H* 7## *nn-rnr&$n$r-r( nrnrF.H+ rnrnrFH +rn rnrF-H+nn rnrF7'H+ rE7!nrnn rnrF7!'H+7$r nrnnrnrF7?'H+7 $nr nnrnrF7='H+n->*


<< > %7##$%#.CD2 !rn . 7 7! 7? 7= !0; B 0*>< 0*<; B BB*BF>*BH @*>F0*@BH C@0F1BH C//FGBH !0/ / 0*G/ 0*H @*GF0*;;H BGCF<1H CB/F1 B B@**@H @*1F0*/GH C0@F;;0H C;@FG>H !0B ; ;*00 0*<> B B>*0FC*/H @*GF0*//H B1CF;CH C;CFBGH !0C @ 0*G/ 0*@< B B@*;FG*GH @*>F0*@/H C@@F11H CB;F;/0H !0< C 0*>1 0*F0*@/H C;/F1/H C@>F;00H !0> B 0*CG 0*C/ B @G*/F1*>H @*1F0*//H C0GF1;H C1>FG1H !01 < 0*>< 0*<@ B @G*>F1*>H @*1F0*@BH BG0F1;H C/1F;0/H !0G / ;*00 0*1> > @>*1F1*>H @*1F0*//H CC>FCCH C01F10H !;0 < 0*>C 0*C; > @>*CF1*1H @*1F0*@;H CB;F1BH CG1F1 @>*GF;0BH @<*0F<*/H @*1F0*@0H B1GF>>H C@;FGCH !;@ / 0*1G 0*>/ > @B*GF>*@H @*>F0*/BH CB@F1>H CG/F1>H !;B @ 0*1> 0*<1 > @<*>F1*@H @*1F0*/CH C/0FG; > @C*0F1*F0*@BH CC0F;0*1H @*GF0*;GH C/CF1>H CCGF10H !;> / 0*H C/1F1;H !;G 1 0*<@ 0*F1*BH @*GF0*;;H BCCFGCH C00F10H !/0 1 0*>0 0*1; / />*0F<*;H @*1F0*B/H C;1F1BH C<@F;0/H !/; 1 0*1; 0*H !// B 0*10 0*CG ; @<*>F>*F0*@@H C0CFG@H C;1F;0CH !/B ; 0*>1 0*G; / @<*BF1*0H @*>F0*B0H B1/F>>H B@@F>@H ( C*;G 0*>C 0**0 @*>1 C;> CB1 r /*0/ 0*;; 0*;/ /*0B B*@0 0*0< /;*C @1*@ %,&*;/ &0*0C 0*0> 0*C0 &*G< 0*;; &0*C/ ;*/< 2r &0*GC &0*;G &0*B; &*G0 ;*;@ &0*BC &0*0< @*/@ *3n$-:nrF3:Hr r rnrrnn&6n-r'7'+7!'+7?'+7=' $rnr$ &.LVrnr.E($rrn rnrrr &.LVr.Q(nrnr nrrnrnr &-L!rnrnr rnr$nrn &L!rnrnr rnr$nrn &%,-L%,-$+2rL2rn$"nn$&/n$r-rrr *nr+r rnrr rnrnrEF**+ 7L7'& 5; +-r7rrrnr+7'


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>; 3G+ rnrnrn+n nrr&nr$* +nr1n //(@rnr0;+Crnr 0/+>rnr0@ 0B*nrn$rr-r 1*-n-$rr rnrn-rnr nrrn*r+ n nnn$r+ / rn 1+rrr rnr*nr+ /C;nrrnrnrrr+ L;nrrnr nrnr+nnr+-nr$ n L0*%n+ nnn n + ;5,5! F7H+-r-nnr -*nr+n0@0B -rnn-nr$r+ ;5,5! L0nrrr ;5,5! L; $rnr0@ nnrr*% 0B ;5,5! L0$rn nnr r-nr$F**+nrH* "n$rnnrn&nrnrn &rn rnrnr+rn+rnBn //*3+;+0/1 rnrn@+CBCr&$rnr*: rn&rnrr rrnr$nFKJ+;GGCH+ rNQ rrrnrF% rJ+/00@+*@1BH* 3nrrn&rn+FH rnrnnrnr nrnr8FH-nn nnnrn8FHrnn nrn rnr n8 FHrr,+nnr


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> G/ 0*;B/C 0*11@0 B OB+CH BC< >C >G 0*;G>G 0*>@ C0 0*@0@C 0*> < O<+>H ;>G B/ B0 0*@0B@ 0*B O>+1H G> /G /@ 0*B01C 0*@B0/ 1 O1+GH BC G ;; 0*/C>; 0*//B1 G OG+;0H /C C ;; 0*/GB; 0*;>@< ;0 O;0+;;H G @ < 0*;/G; n B0GFB0TH <;GF<0TH *UKr0n.rnnnnrrnrnr n+rn-nnrn n$nrr*rrrn nrnnnnr F**+.rn+r$$n+ H* @'n> nr,nnnr rrrrn 'n *"nrnnr 'n + r& 'n nnrn nnr$r$ nnnrrr* "n

>B rrr$*nn.rrn n$rrnnr$n 'n +rnnnrnVr,*Qrr n rnn.rnrn$r "r3?* r#> :$nrnn r+ r& #%%# rn Vr$$EF**+nnnnrH*" n>n;0rr$$ rn++rnnrnn -n$nnnrr rnnr* nr;+r$$rn;*0+ n-$r+r-nrnr nnr*n rnr$$rnn$ rrrrn # nnrnnr$$ nrn$r"r3?* (n#> $rrnnnnr .rr$$nrn+nr r.rnEr* rnrnrn rnrnnnnr nnrrrrn n# F**+H* nn&n+ 'nrnr+ nnr*3nrrnnr$$rn n0*C0nnn ,nnnr *nrnn r $rr n+N @#n#nE nnF Qrrnnn$r" r3?* (n#!! !rnrnn&rn+nrrn -nn$r-r nrrnnr F**+nrr$rHnr


>C rF**+rnrr$rH* !rnnrnr rn$rrr rnr nnnnrnn$r$n$ -nnrnrn *rnrrn+&* n.rnnn&r$ rnr nrrrr$F**+r H+rnrrnn'nn# *rr+rrnn+nnr +-rF**+n;nnr 0nr-H+ # -nnnn&nn nnrFJ %r+;GG;H*nrrnn+nn n"nrrnn+ rnrnr -rrn nnrrFn+ /00;8KJ+;GGCH* (n#> %rF;GG@Hr n rrr&.r( rnn+rnnrnn


>< n+nnr$rn* # r$nn$rrn $rn n.rrn*nr nn+nn nnrnnrn$ nn*nrn #nn FrnnH+n n$rnn*3r rnnn$r -n&.rrnn r$nn$r r+-+rnrr nrrnrn nn$r*6+ %n nn $rnn.rrnn nr$rn$n n$r*nrnr n&rn* 4#n#nn *,-nnr nn.rrn .rnr.rrnF**+Hnnrnr n$r*#,nr rrnn-r$nr nn$r+r+r .rrn-nnnrn +n$n0;* nnrnnnn$r+r n$nnF%rJ +/00@H$rn nn$nr FKJ+;GGCH* nn-"nEF;G>/Hrnn+.r rn-rrnrn $nrnrn n$r+rnrn nrrn&nF # Hnnnrn nn$r*nn nnrrnnnn


>> rnnnnrnn nrnnn nnr++ nn L IF;& H+-r .rr++nn.r $nF IO;& PH*nn.rr$rrn -n%%rnr(673%3"563MF%% 3+/00 &n.rn-rrnr r -nrnnF**+ r$rH-* 6 6rn.rrnnnnr nr


>1 rnr 6 r + !6nrnr nr rnr 6 + n,nrrr$ nr ;5,5! n %#n#'nn# rr n;( 6Ln ;6 6 $O_;;Y_//YAY_P$;0 ; n _!6 HFH -r 6nnnnnrn _;+_/A+_;0r rrrnnn n-nn$r $r.rn-nnr r+$$n rnrrF%rJ+;GG@H*5n nn-nn n*r+nnn&n rr+rr+_;+_/A+_;0 rrr+nrrnr;0r *%n+rrr n;+nnnnnr r *%rF;GG@H-$( :nrnn n+rnr&.r n(3+ nnn+rnrn .rrn* nnr+n,rn nnrn +-$rnr nN n$nrDQn Nr,n$nrr rnDQ-r n-+$r +rr nnrrnrRF* ;>

>G /00BH*+rnrrnnr n;+r 6 nnrn-nnrn n* $nnnrrn n n;n n$rnrn+ 6 0+nrrnn;( 6L;0 ; n _6!6 H F;H G6C Y 6 0+L;+/+A+;0+ r -rr+ +rrnrnnnnnr nr rnr 6 6 0rnrErn* n; rnnrr_6-$&/rn( 6L;0 ; n !6 HY 6 0+L;+/+A+;0+ r rnn$rn$ n_EF;H F;H rnn.rn r-rr, nnnrr+r+nrr n$r*rn $n_E.rn r,nrn 8r$n_Er r,nnnrn$r $$r*3n.r+n r_$rn.rn+r nnnnr+$$r*: _En n;+nr+r,n nnrr n+-rn$rnr n $rr n+ N ).:2n ##n#E# nF Q


10 r&n.rn $r r,nnnrr rn8+r-n nr$rnn*n r$r,nnrnn-rnr*:r rn.r nnrrn-rrn rF**+nnH+n rrn+-rnn nrnFH*nrn nr,nnrrn nnr++ r$n$rnn nnnr*rn -rrrn'n-$r F**+ $HGCT n$F"3H+rnn$ nr*?n];*0 rr,+$nX;*0 rr,+L;*0 nr,nnrr*"3 ;*0n& ;*0 r,* ,;0n#> rrnn $Inrrr,n.r+ ,-n-r &$n$rn r*3nr-nr+ nr$rnn-nn -$rrr r.rn*$&$n$rn n+n $rnrr n/+@+ B+C+<>nnr( 6Ln ;6 6 $;0 ; n _!6 HY H;%M6F/H ;0rN$rQrrrnn nnn$&;n$r*


1; 6Ln ;6 6 $;0 ; n _!6 HY H%6+.L;+/+@*F@H 6Ln ;6 6 $;0 ; n _!6 HY H;76FBH 6Ln ;6 6 $;0 ; n _!6 HY H;7!6FCH 6Ln ;6 6 $;0 ; n _!6 HY H;7?6FH -r H rnrrrNQn n$rn .rn+nn*nr +rnn $rn$n H; nCrn7!n nnnr*$rnrn$ rn-rnr $rr n n-nnnr rnn&$ n$r* $nn+nrrnn nnrr n/n>+rrn -nnnr n&$n$r *nr+rnnnnrr n/( 6L;0 ; n _!6 HY\; 6%M6 G6C Y 6 0+L;+/+A;0+ r r F/H \; 6 L ;+ -nnrn 6L;0 ; n !6 HY ;%M6Y 6 0*rn -nnnr nnr&$n$r rnn@+B+C+<> $nnr(


1/ 6L;0 ; n !6 HY `6Y 6 0+.L;+/+@8 r F@H 6L;0 ; n !6 HY ;7Y 6 0+ r FBH 6L;0 ; n !6 HY ;7!Y 6 0+ r FCH 6L;0 ; n !6 HY ;7?Y 6 0+ r FH (#n#> nrn-nn nr &$n$rnrnnrNQn nrn$rn+n$r-r r n $rnn n$rrnr rrnrn$ nnFJ :r,+/00/H*r$rn+n rn&$ n$r+nn1n nr( 6L;0 ; n _!6 HY H;M/6 Y H/M6YAY HM6 F1H -rM/6+M/6***M6r $&;n$r*$n n nrrnn n1+nn 1( 6L;0 ; n !6 HY ;M/6Y /M6Y&Y M6Y 6 0+ r F1H :n$r-rnrF **+8"$+;GG0H+ rr-rnn $&;rn nrrr$n1nr1*n11 rn$rn-rn r $rr n n-n& $n$r-rnnnn r*


1@ 7 #!@'n(n# )nnrn$n nrnr+ r+nrF6,+/00BH* rrn r-nr,Frrnr;H+r rnrr n$r$nrn rrnr*n F;GG@Hrr Nrn rnnr$rnn,n nnQF*/@;H* n$rrnr+,nrn -&$n$r nnnnnr -rnr&$n$r-rnr*nr +n-n$&; n$rFM;M/H-r+rnr &$n$r nn1nrr n Gnnr( 6L;0 ; n _!6 HY H;M/6 Y H/M6Y H@.6Y HB.6IHC-6Y H<6 Y H>76Y H17!6 Y HG7?6Y H;07=6FGH -r H;n H@rNQn&$n$ r HBn H;;r NQnrnr&$n$r*n nrn$n nnrrnn nGrr nG( 6L;0 ; n !6 HY ;M/6Y /M6Y @.6Y B.6Y C6Y <6Y >76Y 17!6Y G7?6Y ;07=6I6 0+ r FGH -r $rrrnrnr +rrnn ; n @ Bn ;0rrNQn&$n$r rnr&


1B $n$r+r$+nnn nr+ 6 0 rnrn-rnr *nn nn$rrnn Grr n;0( 6L;0 ; n _!6 HY H;M/6 Y H/M6Y H@/Y HBIHC+F;0H -r J r$&;n$rEr $&/n$r* $nnnrrnnn;0 nn;0( 6L;0 ; n !6 HY ;M/6Y /M6Y @/Y BY C+Y'0+ r F;0H n;0;0rn$rn-r nnr $rr nrnnnnr rnr&$n$rrnrnnr &$n$r* 3$nnn n-nn :r,F/00/H-rn r(FHnnnnr nr-rnr+FHrnr-n-r nr-rnr -nnrr+FHrn -n nn-nrrn+FHnrnr $-rn +rn$&/-r n* #(n#477n :nnn,n-r n$rrrn +rrrnrn nn$rnn$r rr*-n+ n 5EE" F3"HF,,+ ;G>@H+-rn$nn nrn&rn*


1C > nr$n+$ n-nrn nrnrn-rr nnrrn $rnr$$n$rn&r n*3r& $.rn+$ n& r n$ -nn&,nnF&/6 6H*&/66& r rnrnn nr n.rn* nrn+r$+ rnrn&rn ++$rrn $rFH* 5"> 3"-nnrnn&n&n nn* rrnnn&,nnrrnrr++ 3"L&/66Y/FF E &;HY H+-r E rn$ rn rnrn*3"$nrn.r nrrrnrn rnn3"$n =$"nn n7n 7$nrnnnr F**+rnr r$nH+nr rr$-n n$nrrnr E$-nrr r'nrE$-+ ##.##2n -nnn. $ FK+/00@H*% n-nr-&rn& *-nrnrr FHrrnr-r -nn FH-nrnr-r-nn r*n

PAGE 100

1< -n-r n F,,nrJ+;GG1H $ -rrrr $nnn$rn nrrnr* "nr$$ n,n-rr rn,n-r8+nrr rn$r* 7?r#nr#r r-r-nnr $nn( *nr+ nr&rnr $n$$rn # F-.J6+/00>H-n* r$n$ n## -rrnr-r$ n-nr(nrF%Hr-r -C*1 rnF6Hr-r -nrC*1r+C*1 r*rrn $rnr-r -$r+n nr%rFn;0rnrHnr6rFn$rnrH* nnrnrnr nrnr* n$n$ &# -rrnr-r r-r*rn %r+rnr!0/ !@+-n@**/+1*0r+r$+ -r*$rnrF-nrr %rr rr6rH-rnrr rr$n-n r*

PAGE 101

1> 3 K5##B##: Q-.6F/00>H nrrrrnnrn nrnr nrn*r+nrrn r$n+rn -nrnnrnr* nnn+n F**+nr$rH # F**+nrr$HF .J6n+/000H*"n + r+nrnrnF-nr -rn-nrnrrr %r8-nrnrrnrrr 6rH-n nrnFnrr% rnrr6 rH-rn*-rnn n-2rr"EF/000H nnrr-r rnrn*n nrnnnnrrn$"r3?* 3+ # -n-rnr-n-rn $$-n r-rrrrnnrnrr*3nrrnn .nrnrn+ %##?# F**+, nnnrnr H-nn* +nr+r-r nrn rr*nrrnrn nr$r$-+r n:nrn nr*%-rnr nn rrnrn nnnr -r *!rrnNnrnrQ rn nnrrn F!n+;GG0+*;
PAGE 102

11 nrF**+rrn-n r$nrr$n rrnnH+FHr nrrr rF**+rrn-n rrrnr$ n$rH*rrr-r$nrnrn-nr r-nnr* ##7nn" =$-rrrnn n rn-rrrrrn rrnr* 3n+nrr$--rn nrrrnnnnr$NrrQnr rrnnrn* n'nrnn $nn -Ern+ n$nnnr +r$--rrn rnrr$n *rrrr nrnrF7n+/00 0H+r$Nrnn nr+QnNnr+ nrn rnrnrQFrJ "n-+;GGC+*@H* $nnnr+ nrr$-nrnr -nnrr*$n nnr r$nrnnnnrr rnEr$* "# %rnrrnnrn B F**+ n nnH-r$n nnrnrn rrr$-*rrrnr nrrnr

PAGE 103

1G $nrr$-r*%r+ rnrrn$ r$-r$-rnnn-r$n r$-r* r$-r$-r n-rr +,nr$ rn+nn-rnnnnn r+r n,n*5+r$ r-r&nrnn rrnnrnnr nrnn*r &+rrrnn,nnn-nn -nrn-r n -rrrn-, r n*:n, rnrn+n n-rrrn nrn$rnnr nrnrn*3nrrn nrnr+ n-rrrnn& rnrrnFn rnn nHnnFrn nH,n F nH*%rnrrnn rnrn8 nrn78 r$-rnnn rnnrrn-3 +r$* rrnnrrn$ nn r*:nnrnnrn r-+r rrrrrnnn rnn rnnn&rr$-* -rrn nnr8n-$r+n --r* r-nrr rnn nr+r nrrn+n n

PAGE 104

G0 F)2H*rrn+n nrnnrnr+Inrr rr$,--nnr -r*rn.nn-& --nr-r$-n-,nr *nn-& rn$nnn+n n+nnn*r rnr-r,nrrrn rr$-*rn rrrr&n&+rnrnn +rn$n-nr *nnrn r$--r'nrnrn $ nn+rrr+n rnnrn$$nr nrn*%nrn -nnrrrr n*rnrn +r-rrnn r nnrrn* rnr nrn-rnnrrnnn n-r r$-nn,rrnnn $rrrnr r$-En+$ rn-rn$n r$-*nrrnn-rnnrr nrnrnr* !r-rrn$-n r,-rrn*nrn n-C0 nnnr-r$r$-nn, -@0nBCnn-&r$-*3r n+nrnrn& ,rr$r+r&-r nnrnrn n-rrrrnnrn rrn*

PAGE 105

G; (nn!E 5nN'OrPnn nrn$n n-nr$rn-n -nrrnQF)nrr+ ;G
PAGE 106

G/ n$n-rnn nrn nnnrrnEnrnn n*$r rrn$nnrnnr n-,+rn -rnnn$r n*nrnr rn nrnn +n, n n-nrn$rnn nn*nrnr rnrn-$r-$ rn nrnnnr+nr+-$n -$+nrnr -n,+N!+-nn-n Qnrrn r-nrr+nrnrn,+Nnr*Q5n&$r $nr-rnn$rr nrn$* "n.nnr nnr,n rnrrn rnrrn-nnr n+r-rnrn-r n--nnrrnrnn nnrnrn n*rr-rnrr -n-rr nnnrrr$rn r$rn"n "r*nrnrr.n+ ,-+ ,rnn* #n !r-r,nnrn nrF+:+ "H+-rrnn rn$,rnnrn F6H*nnr +n-&

PAGE 107

G@ rnrnrnrn-n*5n nrnr rnnnnr+r-r nFn )rH,nrrnn nrr n*3n+nrnr,r nnnnn nrn--r n* =$ rn rn+-nr nrn-n nrn-r *nnn-nn n F**+ n--nnr rr8nr+;GGCH #nn F**+n-r-nrnr rn-86nJ7+;G1CH-rr* 5#7n nrn$r$--rn rr* %rn n-r nn$rnn rr+--'n& $rn* r-rrnrnn nrn rErnrrnrr$ n*-$ rrrrr ,nn+ n+-nr+nr,n*5+ ;;nrrnrn $rnrr$-rnn r.F**+nr.nH nnrrnn +n&r $ *nr-rnrr$ nr ;;N%Qn-n rnrrrrr

PAGE 108

GB rrn*rnr nnrnn-r n nF**+rE-nrH+ n nF**+nnrrrE rrnn$nn rH+ nn nF**+nnnrHFJ r+;GGBH*n-nnr -rnnr nnrn*3r +-rnr n F**+H*3nr+ nrnr+nrn n rn-rrnnrnnr r*3nrrn. -r,r$rnn $n+rrr nnnrn %E nrrnnrrrE rnnnrFn, +;GGBH*nr+n nrrrnrrr $-+r-rnrnnr nrrrrr nr nrn* $n$r n &+ nrnnrnF**++n +nn+rnrH rnr*-nr+nnr r$n nnrrnnn+r rn n*rrrr rnnr -r*rrn n+rrr nr &r-r-r +-r rnr*3n+r-n r$n&,rn rnr nnr *$$n$

PAGE 109

GC F**+r -n rHrn F**+nrn H+r$*-n-r nr.r -r+nrr+r -nrN;Qn rnr nrnrN0Qnr-*rn nnrnnrF n Hr F n HrF-.J+/00@H* r&rnr-r nrn r+-rr&rnr nrnr*rn r&rnr+ B' F**+rnnrnnr-nnr r H-rnrr% r+rnr&rn r+ F**+rnnrnnrrrn rr H-rnrr* :-n. rnnr$$nr+-. F/00@Hrrn n$ :r .n rnr-n .nrn n+ nnrnn nrnr* nnn+.-rrnr nnnr+r r,*rr,nr nn-$ *nr+n+r .nrN"nn+QC0+ rnrnrr,n10* rn

PAGE 110

G< nrn-rr,&nrrrnnnnr .+N"nnQ10r* %+10Tn nrn-N"nn*Qrnrnnnrnrrn nnn-nnrr(FHrr,/CT-rr $nn-+ FH-rr,-/CT >BTnrnn -+FH-rr,r rnr n>CTrn nn-*r$n+nrr nnr rFn/CTH+C0T+r rFr /CTH+nn-nrnr nrnrnr (6I $r%I$r nnr, .n n $n $+ r:-F;GB/Hn n-nrrnnrrnnnr nrn $* r-&7r$F;GG>H+n $n rr$+nn $ $n $rrr rr*+:r F/00B+*;;;H.Nr Qn r.rrr nrr$nn2&6r,F/00CH n nr,n nrnn rnnnrr$rn nnnr*

PAGE 111

G> n%#nn%### nn-rnn rnr nrn $nn(r n+rnn+$ r+,rr$+, rrr+r,+ r+nn-&rr+rr +r,rn+ rnrrr+n.* n* !# (n# F**+nn-nrn-$ r$-H+ n# F**+rEr$ nrnH+$nrrnF** +r$nr$ nrnrn&,r nrnH-rr,* nrnrn-rnn$ rInrnrn+r rrrnnrr nnnnFH* 7#n nnr+nrnInrr$ -nnr+ n-rrn$rrnn nnnrrrr nnrn,nrnrn n$r $ n*nr+rnrnn nrnn+n nr-,*nn nrn*r$--rn rnrn n*nn-r$--r nrn-rn rnnrr*rr rnnrrrrnrrnrr &nrn*

PAGE 112

G1 5n!# $nnnrnr-, rrr nr,nnrnn +n+r r*rnrn $n$ r,rrr-r$+ nr +nrn nNn$nrQF6 nJ7+;G1CH* E nrn-$nr+ -rnr nr-rr$ nnn*nr +rr +rrrrnrr nrr(rn6% rnrr rrn-nrnrr*E9 rr+-$F**+ rnrn rrrrnnn rHnr$ F**+nrrrEnnrr nn$-n$rnrH *n$n$+nr +nnnr nrn-nrnr nnrn rrrr+r nrnrn,r nrn+nrrrInrnrr (%E rrrnrnr nrn++ nr$+$. nnnn

PAGE 113

GG rn$n*n$rr rrrE$-n+ n-nrn+ rrnrr$n F**+ #n nH+nrnr-nn+ nr+Nnnrrnrrn+rDQ 7rnnn$rn-$-$ rnnrn $-n*3n+rrr. nr-r nnrnr,$rnnr n* & -nr-r+-nrnrrn nrr rrnrrnnr+rnr -rrr*rrr $r-rr rn-n-rrnrrF Jr+;GGBH* 4##r rnrrrrnrn rn+rrr rn*3n+r$-rn$nnr nnn-rr -rn$nrrnrn n* % rnrnr-r*r+ rrrr -n&rnrnr n*rnr+ nrr+nnn rnn+nrr nrnrr-rr *n,rrrn+ rnnn-r$nr rrI nnrnr+rnr+ rrn*%n+-

PAGE 114

;00 nnrrn+rrrr$ n-rrn rnnrr$-nnnrr rnrE rn*+rrrnrnrn&,rn nrnn$rrnn n!E rrrnn -rn .n*rnrn$rrr nnrnr$-n-nn $rn$r*% ,r-rnr n#n ++r nr$nrn rE$nr* 7?##% $-r$$n$ $nnn *rnnn&rrn$ ,$rnn rrrn8r-rnr rnrrrr$rrn$,8 -n rnrnnrn$, n* r' n-.F/00@H+n nr. nnrrnrrn nr+n $nnnrn-nn ,rn*3 $+ .F**+r .H-rnrnr nrr,n nrnnrn-rn

PAGE 115

;0; !rnr B#BB#&nn# F-.J +/00@H-r,*-. F/00@H$ nnrnF$.*+ rn++ rnrn+nrrn+nnn +nrn+ rnH*3&n r-nr,+ nrn-rnrnr++ rn++ rnrn+rn* -.F/00@H nn rnnr nn*3+ n+ rr+rrrnr+nr nFrn $H nn+ r+n .Frn $H* 5+ nn# rrnnr rnnFH $$.r n+r$$n+n rr+rrrnr+nr n8FH $$ rrnrrnFHr *r+ n +$n$n$r $nr nn rrF**+ B'n 8,,nrJ+;GG1H*+ n +$n$r $ $ rn-n rnnr-n*

PAGE 116

;0/ "!3?(%#6% "r3?rrn $ $*3 n+rr n rnnr*r n-rnrrnn n* n=$ /A(n! n n-r n+N )nn# # n D+Qrnnnr-nr$$n*nr@+n nnrn-C*1r* n-n nr$nnr+,nn rnnr* nr LC*1r 4+ (r$$nnnnr F L;+0/1H %r$$!rn Krn

PAGE 117

;0@ -;>nn/Brnr *n-rB+ n--r@*rnr+ -rrC*1r+ nE+-nr .nrn,rB* n r nrnn 4D *nr;>rnrF LG/GH A)rn E#5 n 3;;FnH+nr n-nn nnrrrn0*0B r;n0*@/rC+ rnn0*@;r>nn0*B@ r1r-.0*/C -1Grnrrn 0*C0;0r*$ nr+-,nn nnrnr+nnnnnrrrn0*0 @r;+r n+0*<<+r;0+n0*BB r1n;*/0r;0*3 r+nn$n rn--rn '()r nnnr!rnr

PAGE 118

;0B ,nnnr$r nnn n,rnn*r nnnnrr+nrr -n*3nr r,(rnNr,Q nnr-rnr* ;; 7:rnn:HU 0*0@ Kr/ &/*CBF0*;BHU 0*01 &/*11F0*/@HU 0*0< Kr@ &;*GHU 0*;0 KrB &;*<@F0*;@HU 0*/0 &;*>;F0*;CHU 0*;1 KrC &;*;BF0*;@HU 0*@/ &;*0BF0*; &0*1CF0*//HU 0*B@ &0*B;F0*@;H 0*<< Kr1 &;*@GF0*@>HU 0*/C &0*1;F0*B>H 0*BB KrG &;*@GF0*C0HU 0*/C &0*>0F0*<;H 0*C0 ?r 0*G@F0*C;H 3" /@ /@<;*C &/66 /@B/*> /@@G*C * X*0C8%L%rrrnr83"L,,3nr n"rrn866L6n,nn ?rL-&rnr$rrr rn .rnFrCHrn$r rnn nnr*3n-nr -rn+nr, -nrN.rQnnnr *%-r n,nnnr$ r,n .rn*:-$r +nnnnr r*rr;0+n-$ r+-rnnr rnrr,*

PAGE 119

;0C n n nr $, 43 *.rnnnnr F L;+0/1H +Arn # n!5 n-rr $r r n+N !& nn#n ##n## A.2&:.%2?.2 n:.n2;75 n:.2;%#n:n. 2;B nF +Qnn$r-+n +n.r n+rnr *rrr* +.2Ar&n! 3nnr$$nr
PAGE 120

;0< nr 4 *r$$nnnnr F L;+0/1H* ;/n-n$nnrn$r %MF**+0*/Gn nr0*@Cn$ nrH* n&%MF**+n$rnn H-n-$r $nnn&.rnnr n$n nrr*nrn+nn nnr$r -r;*@@FnHnr;*B/F$ nHrrnr nr*%r+ $r+-r@@T FnHnrB/TF$nHnr, nnnr-r *nnn-+GCT nr$nrnrn -rF;*;G+;*C;HF;*/;+;*<>Hnn $nr+ r$*:$;*0+ rnnnnr $rF X*0CH* %r$$!rn Kr%n "+ !+ +!

PAGE 121

;0> ;/ 7:rnn:BF0*;HU 0*0B Kr@ &/*;>F0*;CHU 0*;/ &/*B@F0*//HU 0*0G KrB &;*1@F0*;F0*/CHU 0*@; Kr> &;*0>F0*/BHU 0*@B &0*<>F0*@@HU 0*C; Kr1 &;*C1F0*@1HU 0*/; &;*0CF0*B1HU 0*BB KrG &;*C1F0*C;HU 0*/; &0*GBF0*
;H 0*B0 &0*01F0*1>H ;*01 %M 0*/GF0*;/HU ;*@@ 0*@CF0*;*0FaLC*>H /@@B*@FaLC*/H * X*0C8%L%rrrnr83"L,,3nr n"rrn866L6n,nn ?rL-&rnr$rrr rn %MLn FnrnH 3"L,,3nrn"rrn866L6n ,nn aL&/66-nr$nFn;-n rnrH rr--rnnnnr n rrnnnrr rrnr$nrn* rnrn-%M nnnr n$r-n.r nnrn*r>nrrrr+-rn ,n nnrnn$r.r n+n-$r+r$r+-r, nnnr r$r.rn*n rn+.rnnnr r-$ rnr n-n n--nn *:nr+

PAGE 122

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;@; /B "r'."r2! rn4; 3(3n "n F/*GC >1 %rn ;0 11 %rn C*G1 B1 nr <*;C 0 1< %rn B*n 1*@@ 1@ %rn ;0 11 %rn <*>/ >1 %rn F*H r# ;*$ C*<1 <1 nr >*@ nr @*>@ @B nr /*n C*@0 <@ nr <*;C G @C nr @*1C CC nr @*>@ @B nr B*"n ;@*@ G1 %rn 1*B< >< %rn ;G*B G> %rn C*!rn 0*>C @ ;*CB ;@ & & & F*H ;*nr, B*;> B1 nr @*01 @1 nr C*// C@ nr /* B*;> B1 nr @*1C CC nr B*B1 @G nr F*H 7# ;*7n&nr <*1/ >@ nr @*01 @1 nr ;0*B G/ %rn /* ;*1G /@ ;*CB ;@ /*/B // @*n$n 1*>; 11 %rn ;0*1 G1 %rn <*>/ >1 %rn B*!rn ;*;B ;0 ;*CB ;@ 0*>B < C*%& ;*;B ;0 ;*CB ;@ 0*>B < <*%r ;*C/ ;1 @*01 @1 nr & & & 33(r ;* B*CC C1 nr @*01 @1 nr C*G1 /1 nr @*01 @1 nr ;*BG ;B @*%nnr @*>G @C nr ;*CB ;@ C*G1 CTH+nrFNnr+Q/CTXX>CTHnr-,FN +QX/CTH* &3%.F3%HL bnrrrnrr ;00 nrnnrH J &!r,FHL ; /Y ;00 5 J -r( Lbn-n.r .n n -Lbn$. nF nH 5LnrnrnF H.

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;@B nrrrn-n-rn*3n rn-n$n$nrrnnrErrrn'nnrn rn'nrrrn-nr,+?$rnnrn(N3 -nnn3Ernn rrnn-nr,+n nn ,-n nnrnr*Q:r n-nrnnrnrn nrErrrn'+? Nn n nnQN n nr*Q5n Nnrnnnnrn$ $+Q+n-$r+n rnrnrrn nrr*%-$rr$rnr* *rrn,rrn nr+ ?nn-nr,-n rrnr-nr,*% nr-rnrrn -n-$rrnNrrn*Q$rn nn-rr+nr ++-n nNn-nrn *Qnnrn? -r.( 3-'rA-nrn -'n* --n93 E,n-n-n,*3 'E*3-n3$3nE, ,3En*3E'9 ?-$rnnrnr r-r* rnrrr -r+r$r-nrrn *%rrnnr

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;@< "A7#.7n2 !n-BG-n !0@+rnr r%r*rE7!+7$r +7 $nr n-r@*B0+C00+<00+r$* nnrrnrnnr*nn nnrr nnr(N3Enn Ann-nrr,n n-n*Qnr$-+ !nnnr+ rnn,+r$n *!nrnrnrrn rnnrnn( N3-,'nr rnnrrrnnr$r rOnrP3n $n$rnr*Q!nn nrn+rr+rn rnrnr$r n*-nnrnnnnnrnrEnrn* r> !nrnrn$r-rr -rr+ rnnn*n nrnnr-rNr n-nn$n$ ,OrP'n rRnn$n$rnrn *Q!nnn-r nnrnnr-r$r,n-n 'r+rn ,n-n*n nr-nr,r nrnrn +Ernr nnrrr rnnrn rnr-nr,*5nN!**rnr ,nrr+Q

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;B; rnnr(N3E nEn-A nrnrnrn-*Q $&nrn rnr(Nrn-3$, nn rrR3Ennn&n*3' nn-nr,*Q nrnn,-rnnn-nr,+r rnn(NA nnnn+rrn, nnn-nr,nn*Q ,--nnr-rnr rnr+r -nNnn-nOnrP[n$ rnrn*Q ;#n *rrnrn&nr -nr,+ ,nn-nr,*N3nnr nrO-nr,rPrn' nnrnn-nr,*Q,-r$r nn--rnrn'n-nn-nr,+rN5n+3 $E+nr+nO rrrPn-rnn,nO r$-Pr*Enn ,-3ErQ*r r--nr, nr$n,rnn,-nr,* "DA(.7n2 rr-CBn!;0+rnr r6r*rrE7! +7$r+7 $ nrn-r@*C0+C00+C00+r $*rnnr -rrr*rrE nn'nnnrrnr N*Qr+nn,n&r rnr'n* r rr,nrn;1rnr rnnrn-rn, nr*r3rrr

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;B/ n"r-rrnrr rr(N3-r "r*3,r-r, *3+3Er,n$n$ *Q$rn"rnnrnn -rrrEr$n$rn$ *6r;1rnr nNrnn$rn!**rnrQ rrr r+ rrnnrrnnrrn r(N-Enr nnn*Qn$n $,n&r nrNn$nrnrQrn*rrEnnr rnnr-r(N nrn-nnn rr+rrnr, rn-n***3 3n3r,rr *Qnr$-+ rr-:+$r nrnrnrrnn* *3rnrrnr+rrr n3r nrnrnnrrn( N-nr+ rnrnnr+nrn rnrnn3 nr-n,nr*Q6r+ 7-nnn n-nn,nr$*r rnrn nrn3r-r$nrE n(N3Enn,O-P nn$nr+rnr3E ,n,+-nnDQ rrnrnrnrnr r$ FNr-nnrn*3nE,nrr rn,nnrn+ nrnnnrnQH*nrn rr+nrnrn$ nrnn$r-N-n rnrn

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;B@ nQrrrnrrnr-r r*%-n nnr*rrnr n-r$nr OrnPrnnr-nn rnrnr*%n+ nrn$nr.n% nrnnn rrnr.n nr-n $r(NKnrnn nnnr -nrrn*Kn$OnnP *Q r> rrnr rn& rnnr+rrrrrnr rnr$n$r( Nr-n-nr,r r+',nr+ nnr rn*Qrr-nrnnnrrn$ rnrErr rr(N3nE,$r r nnrr3, n*3,-nr,rrrn'nnrnn-nr nr3nE,O P$nr*Q 6,r+rrnrrn-nr (N3nn, nrOnP3E3-rnr *Qrrrrrnr nnrrnrn$n$nr .n nnr$rr(N7$n$rr nr.n 'nrr*3-n-R3n E,3-n$*Q *rrnrr-nrnn nn (N-nnn3 rnn+3E,3 nnrn3nnn rrQN3-rn rnn-nnrn-' nnr

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;BB n*Qrrn-nrn' nnr$-nnnrnnrnr* %nn-rnnrE nnrnrn'nrr rn*nrr+ rrrn-rrn (N3$n-rnn ,nnn ,$nn*Q%n ,NnnnQ-nr N-rn$n*Qrr $rnrnnr $nn(N!,n nrrOP$rn nnrnnnrrn*Kn nrnnn*Q *%rnr+rrErnr -n r-nr,n-*n-$r+-$r -$ r$(N3E,n-n3,nr$nn$*Q rrnrn-nrNnn$ Q( 6,3-r[rnn$rrn *%*rnrn!** rnrRr$-33nn *%n+rnn 3-nr3 nr n3 #n n*r+3n,n3 ,r+-nnD5n-,rnn OPnrnr*3,nr n* rrrnnrN rn&$ -n*Q%rr$ $rn rnrnr rnnrrn$rrrn rrnrrn nr-nnrnrnr rr-n

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;BC 'n*rrErnr-rn nr--n, nr*:rr-rr ,rn rr+nn,nnrnnr nr* %rnr+rr-nrnrr nnr -n$r*:rnnr-n rnrnrrr+nn,-nr-n -rnrnnr( N3,'rR-nrr n*3nnrr-$***3n -rn+nrrn*Qn-$r+rr-rnnrnr n(N:nr3*3 nnnn-*Q rrn-N$rnr$Qn n, N,rnn-nr nnR-nEn nr,n*Q%nr r,(N3' n3n-rn-nnnn *Q )E *rrrn-nr,F**+n Hrnr r$nnn,r nnr(Nr3 nnnr-nr,+-nr,OP7r*3n$r-*Qn-$r+n-r -rr n n(N3-n n-nr,-7 r$n$rn3-n+rnn*Q3nrrn $n-nr,+rr nnn n$n$(N3n,r ,n 'nn -7nn nnr$*Qrr

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;B< .nnrnrr'n(Nnr-nr,nr+'nrr$n$rn --rr*3O $rPEnnr-n$ *Q r4rn7"# !! /Cr.nnr r$-rn -nnnr .F%H .F3%Hnrrn nrn*:n% 3%+EF6%nHr n-r nrFN"nn+QNn+QN%rrQH +nnnrFN"nQH nrnnrFNn$nQHrn nn-* nrFN!rrnQH+rnnrFN$ +QN"nnrI!r+Q NnQH+nrnnrFN7n&nr QH+nnnr FNnr,QNQH+rnrFN +QN6$+QN%n nrQH-rr$n$nrn n-*+nn nrFN!rnQHnrrnnrFN +QN!rn+QN%&Q N%rQH-rr$n$n n-*

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;B> /Cr5!n!! rn4; r %.F%H 3%.F3%H 3(3n "n F L;1H 6 F L;0H % F L1H "n F/
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;B1 rnH-rrnn rn-rnr.nn F6HnrF%H* rnnnnnn -nrrn$* A !!. !!24# rnrnnnr n *r-rrnnrnnrnnr* rr$rnr-;1n@G r rr$nr*r$ rn-@0n;00 rnnrnrn&r /0nnn* $r+rnC0T+/0T+;CT+ ;
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;C0 /< n&#!4 #4; r rn nFH n%F;/H FH 5n" ;*"nn (rnrnrn r r ;(Nrn&-,nrnQ /(Nnnn'nr-rnr nrQ /*!rrn (n nrrn r$ ;(N%nn$n-r+ n-n-Q /(N-nr,-nrn'+nn& nrQ @*%rr (rInrrrnrr, rnr ;(N3r rrrn@ rnnr-nr,Q /(Nn,rnn r$rnrQ B*rn (rrnFHnrr& F!H ;(N-nn!I+n+'nr rQ /(N!r&OrnPn-n-Q C*n (rrnrnn nn ;(Nnn$nnnrn nQ /(Nnnn+rr n -rQ FH r#" <*n (nnrIrn ;(N%nnr$r+nn nnr***Q /(NA$rn-nr,nrrn nrAQ >*$ (+nrr$n ;(Nn-nnrO #n PrQ /(Nrrr-nr-n -nr,-Q 1* (%En-rnr-nr,Inr rn ;(NnE$-,nO PQ /(Nnrn-n r r***Q G*:rr (nrr-nr,rr rn n;(N:rrnn-n r$nnQ /(N:rrrnr Q ;0*"nnrI!r (nrnrnnn nr ;(NrnrnrnnnnrQ /(Nnnrn+3,+n$ nQ ;;*"n (rrnrnn nr ;(Nrnnr, n--nnnnQ /(N$rrEr$O rPQ ;/* ($n$ n&,rn 3$n$ ;(N3nEOnPn $Q /(N***n$nnnrr3***Q ;@* (rE$-nrn r ;(Nnnrn nrnAQ /(N"n-***Q FnH

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;C; /*nr, (nn-rn nr ;(N'n+nr nrnAQ /(N:n-nr,nrnr rnOn-PQ ;1* (nnnrr $ ;(N$rnnnrnrn nrQ /(Nnrrnnr $rnQ FH 7#5% ;G* (nEn ;(N$rnrn -Q /(N"-nrD3nE,n-*Q /0*% (nnrnnr ;(Nn-nrr&$nr Ar$rQ /(N:'-rIO nrP***Q /;*7n&nr (%n--n $n ;(Nrnr-nr, Q /(N$rrrnR,n--r -nQ //* (nEnn ;(N3nQ /(NKn,Q /@*n$n (rn-nr,nn nr ;(N%Errnr$ Q /(N%Ernrrnr$ Q /B*!rn ($rnr nr;(N%nnrrnn-rn n-Q /C*%& (rnnn $ ;(Nr$rnnn %333Q /(N***rnrnnrr rQ  /<* (rrnnrnrn nrnn ;(N3+rn nErnrQ /(N$nrn+nE $Q />*6$ (n'nr$nEF**+ $nrH ;(N6$r-Q /(N6Q

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;C/ 4Br'!4# />rr .F%H nrrn rr,FHr$rnn n-FnHnn rrnnrn* :nn%+ F6%nHrnrnr FNrn+QN%rr+QN!rrnQH+n nnrFN$QH+n rnrFNQHrnnn -*-nnr FN"nnQNnQH+$nnr FNn+QN+Q N:rr+QN!rn+QNrnQH+ $rnnrFN+QN%+Q N7n&nr+QNn$n+QN%& QH+nnnrFNnr,Q NQH+nrnrFN6$ QH-rr$n$ nrnn-*+$n nrFN"nnrI!r+QN"n+Q N3$n$+QN+QN7nr&$ QH-nrnnr FNQN!rnQH-rr$n $nn-*

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;C@ /> 4Br'!4 #4; 3(3n "nF L1H 6"F LBH %"F LBH % n % n % n F*H 5n ;*"nn @1 C0 nr /C /G nr C0 CB nr /*rn <@ 1@ %rn >C 1B %rn C0 CB nr @*%rr 11 G1 %rn >C 1B %rn ;00 G< %rn B*!rrn >C G; %rn ;00 G> %rn C0 CB nr C*n C0 >/ nr >C 1B %rn /C ;< F*H r# ;*n @1 C0 nr /C /G nr C0 CB nr /*$ >C G; %rn C0 <> nr ;00 G< %rn @* /C @0 nr /C /G nr /C ;< B*:rr @1 C0 nr /C /G nr C0 CB nr C*"nnrI!r ;@ ;@ /C /G nr /C ;< <*"n ;@ ;@ & & & /C ;< >*3$n$ ;@ ;@ & & & /C ;< 1* ;@ ;@ & & & /C ;< G*7nr&$ ;@ ;@ & & & /C ;< ;0*!rn @1 C0 nr & & & >C 1B %rn ;;*rn @1 C0 nr & & & >C 1B %rn F*H ;*nr, @1 C0 nr /C /G nr C0 CB nr /* C0 >/ nr C0 <> nr C0 CB nr F*H 7# ;* C0 >/ nr /C /G nr >C 1B %rn /*% /C @; nr & & & C0 CB nr @*7n&nr @1 C0 nr /C /G nr C0 CB nr B* ;@ ;@ /C /G nr & & & C*n$n C0 >/ nr C0 <> nr C0 CB nr <*!rn ;@ ;@ /C /G nr & & & >*%& /C @; nr /C /G nr /C ;< 33(r ;* >C G; %rn >C 1B %rn >C 1B %rn /*6$ C0 >/ nr & & & C0 CB nr &&r.8N&Q -nrnIrn &%Lr %.FrTH8L !r,FrTH &nL%rnnn+-rnFN%rn+Q >CTH+nrFNnr+Q/CTXX>CTHnr-,FN +QX/CTH* &r %.F%HL 5rnr-nnrr ;00 nrnrrn J &!r,FHL ; /Y ;00 5 J -r Lbn-n.r .n n -Lbn-$. nF nH85Lnrn rnFH

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;CC /1 "r'!4 #4; 3(3n "n F/@GH 6" F1@H %" F;C nr @*/; <@ nr /*rn >*GC 1> %rn <*0/ >B nr 1*G> GB %rn @*%rr ;>*< G1 %rn ;<*> G> %rn ;>*G G1 %rn B*!rrn 1*>G G; %rn ;@*@ 1> %rn <*B; 1; %rn C*n /*G@ B1 nr <*0/ >B nr ;*/1 C F*H r# ;*n 0*1B G ;*/0 ;< 0***/@ 1/ %rn 0**3$n$ ;*<> @@ nr & & & /*C< B1 nr 1* ;*<> @@ nr & & & /*C< B1 nr G*7nr&$ ;*/< // & & & ;*G/ @@ nr ;0*!rn B*;1 >1 %rn & & & <*B; 1; %rn ;;*rn /*G@ B1 nr & & & B*BG >< %rn F*H ;*nr, @*@C <@ nr /*B; @> nr @*1C >0 nr /* @*@C <@ nr B*1/ CC nr /*C< B1 nr F*H 7# ;* /*0G @G nr ;*/0 ;< /*C< B1 nr /*% ;*/< // & & & ;*G/ @@ nr @*7n&nr C*0/ 1@ %rn ;*/0 ;< >*0C 1> %rn B* 0*1B G ;*/0 ;< 0*1 %rn B*1/ CC nr @*1C >0 nr <*!rn 0*B/ / & & & 0**%& ;*/< // ;*/0 ;< ;*/1 // 33(r ;* @*@C <@ nr B*1/ CC nr /*C< B1 nr /*6$ @*>> >/ nr B*1/ CC nr @*/; <@ nr &&r.8N&Q -nrnIrn &3%L3%.FrTH8L !r,FrTH &nL%rnnn+-rnFN%rn+Q >CTH+nrFNnr+Q/CTXX>CTHnr-,FN +QX/CTH* &3%.F3%HL bnrrrnrr ;00 nrnnrH J &!r,FHL ; /Y ;00 5 J -r 5LnbnrnFH8 Lbn-n.r .n n -Lbn-. nFH

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;C> /Gr5!!! 4#4; 3(3n nn-n r %.F%H nn-n 3%.F3%H "n F L1H 6 F LBH % F LBH "n F/@GHU 6 F1@HU % F;C*3$n$ & nr & nr 1* & nr & nr G*7nr&$ & & nr ;0*!rn nr & %rn %rn & %rn ;;*rn nr & %rn nr & %rn F*H ;*nr, nr nr nr nr nr nr /* nr nr nr nr nr nr F*H 7# ;* nr nr %rn nr nr /*% nr & nr & nr @*7n&nr nr nr nr %rn %rn B* nr & C*n$n nr nr nr %rn nr nr <*!rn & & >*%& nr nr 33(r ;* %rn %rn %rn nr nr nr /*6$ nr & nr nr nr nr &&r.8N&Q -nrnIrn &N%rnQrnnnn &NnrQnrnnn &NQ-,Innn

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;C1 +Arn-n4 #7 nn-rn n+N )#nn n-n#%# nn: Qrn&-n-r nrn-rnr-n r*3+ -r$n$rn+nr+nr nn-n nnr .F%H .F3%H* n-@0+nrn +-nnr-nnr +rnnn*rnn -nr # nnrn nn-rn nrn*nr+ N7n&nrQ-r$n$nr nn-n nrn$n r$n$rn nn-n3%*%r+N%r rQ-r$n$ rnnn-n*r nn-nr n FHnn--r nrnnrFHnn-rnr nrn-nn rnFH*nr+ N"nQ-r$n$rnn n-n nn-n*%r +NrnQnr nn-nn*

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;CG @0!!!rn n4#4; nr %n7rn n7rn % F L;1H 3% F/* nr nr %rn nr 1*"nnrI!r nr nr nr G*n nr nr nr ;0*!rn ;;*%& nr ;/* ;@*%r & & ;*"nn %rn %rn nr nr /*n %rn %rn nr nr @*"n %rn %rn B*!rrn nr nr %rn %rn C*$ nr nr %rn %rn <*%nnr nr nr & & >*rn & & %rn %rn 1* & & nr nr G*rn & & nr nr ;0* & & nr nr ;;*7nr&$ & & ;/*!rn nr %rn ;@*:rr & & nr ;B*% & & nr ;C*3$n$ & & nr ;<* & & nr N&Q-nrnI rn &r %.F%HL 5rnr-nnrr ;00 nrnrrnFH J &3%.F3%HL bnrrrnrr ;00 nrnnrH J &N%rnQrnnnn &NnrQnrnnn &NQ-,Innn

PAGE 174

;<0 r#rn-n4#(%-7 rrn@0n-;@nrn r$-rn-* nrFN%rrQHnrn rFNn$nQH-rr$n$ rnnn-*-n nnrFNnQN"nnrI!rQH +-nnnnrFNnr,Q NQH+-nrnrFNQN6 $QH+nrn rFN7n&nrQH-rr$ n$nrnn*rrnrFN!rn+QN% &+QNQH-r r$n$nn-* nnnn;@ nr-* r *:nr$ rInrrr nrr,rnr+-rn n-*%E nnrnnn(N rrnnr -$nOn-rPn +QN3-n r,nrnr,+ QNrr-Ernnn $rnrr+QN-$ rrr-r+Q Nr-n$rrr+QNr nnrrnrrnr+ rrnrnnrn+Q N$n R-n,r*Q%n nE(N rnE$nn+$n ,nr-rnr+Q Nr rrrnr& rnr-nr,+QNnr rn$rn,r n +QNnr rr$rrr*Q

PAGE 175

;<; n+Nrnnn -rr,n-*Q nrr6rnr nn -rrrr$ E$n( Nrn-nr-nr, rnQNnr$ nr3nn-+3$ Enn*Q%rn6 rnrrrrr$ rrnr( N-R-r rn-rnr rnr$nrOP r$nnr$ -Err*Q rrr -rr,nrn 6rnr(N-rn rr$n,rnr$ +-nEOnP rnr+QN-n,rnn r$rnr+QNn r,nrr$-nrnn Rnr*QN-r rn,rnn+rnr+ n,r +$rnrr nr*Q r$nnnrrnr "nrn nnrnrnrr r+nrr$nr nnrr(N3n nnnr rnnrnrnrRnnr$ r+QNnOrnrnrPn n$rnrn nrnrnn ,nr$r+QN3,? rrn-r$n nrnrnrnrn-r nnr*,rnrn-

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;<@ )E> :nnrr n-r nnr+nrnn-* n6rnr n-nr,&+rnr nnnr(N3 -nr,Onn-n-P+QN3 nr+$ rnnnrn OrnP*Qnr+ %rnrnr-nr,r &nrn-nr,nrr nnnr(N3n-nr, nrn+3n nnQN3-nnrrn3 nr-nr,*3 rnrnrr *Q+-n+rn *%*r+nnr-nr,+n rn--nr,n nnnnrr* 3nr+n-$r+-nr,n$ nnn nnr(Nnrrr'n+3n$ !**nnnrrn n3nnnrr r -*Q%nnr rnr-rnn rnrnr r*rnnr-nr,n 7N-nr,nr +Qrr;Bnn+-nr,nNr$n$rnr*Q r -,n nnrrnrn n-nnnn&-nr,* 4> :nnrr nn nrr$+nr nn-*r-r r,rrnnrn 6%rnr-r ;Brr-r$-+6 rnr

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;<< nR,n--r-n+QNr n-nr,+Q Nnn,n-n-nrn r+Q NnnOnnP n-,nr*Q ?7> %r$nn r-nr n--r-nn nnnrnrrrn-r r$nnnrr n-nn*n%rnr -rrr.nnrIrrn(N3 rnr+QN-rn nnrrnnrrnrr nrn+QN3nE,3 n$nn+QNOnnrP-r$r nnr$***n nnr+-nnr+-+rr+--nnE n+'$rnr$+QN3, nnnr*Q nnnrnr-n nnnrn+n6 rnr,nnrIrrn nrrn-(N3E$ ,nnnrQNrE$n nrr-rrnn -nR-rnrn-nnr*Q%& nnrnrrrn+n-$r+ rn(Nr-nr nr-nr,-nn-nr +nnr'9Qrn% rnrnE n(Nrnrnrnn nnr+QNrn rnnnr***nn $+QN%nOnnrPnr nr+QN"nrnr nnnr+QN rrn$n nnr+QN-nr,nnr+Q Nnnrn+3,+rn$ n*Q

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;<> 5%#> %nrrrn nrnE nnrnn-*% -n$n nr,rnnnrn nnrr n-nrnnrnrn *%rn6rnr nnnrnnrrrnr (Nrnr $r+O3Pnnr+QN3n 3$n,nrrn n-+QN5nnnnn***+Q N3$nnnnrn nr3nE$rnn *Qnnn rn%nnrn nrrrnrFN 'nrrnnrnrrn-, n-,+QN3-nn 'nr$nr+'nr$nr-nn +QN3r nQH+nn$n nrrrnr(Nn # nRrnnEn+ EnnEn3E-nr,n+QN "n# n,n+Q Nn+3Enrn*Q rrr nnnnrnn r*nr+,n$rnNrnQnrNn rr-nr,nr rnnrQrn-nr, rrnnn* 7> %r$ -$ rnrnr nn-*!rn rnr,nnrr nnr, nnrrn$r-nr, nnn*nr+ n+NnOPrrnn-r nn-n-*Q

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;<1 %r+rn rnnnr (N3r.n E-nr,+OPnn !**nrrr-nr,nr+Q NKnrnn+nn ,nrE-nr,+QNnnr -nn-nr 3-nnrnn !**Q r#> %r$rn nn $n n-*r& n$n rr+ ,&nrnrn nrr ,n,nnr ,rn(N3n n,rnOrrn nPn3$rnnQ N3n7n+3E$9Q %$n$ rrrn'& n(NrOPn Ennr. $n$ rrrn'+rr*Q%r+ n,n& nnnr-nr,FN r$rnnn %QHn nnr-r&n rnrr(Nrnrn nrrrQ NnE$rn,O rnP$nr,*Q @#> %r$E nn -nn-*7r rnnnErnr*rrnnr nrnr& nnr+rn%rnr

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;>0 --rnrnr r -rnn(N3 rnrnrnr-3'n* n-$nn *-r$nrnnn-nnQN3 E,3-rr+3,3$nrnn,n +nn$n*Q *nrn+rrn rnn nnrnnn-+-r r$n$ nrnn*%EF**+N Knr$nrn -nnnO Pnnnrnrn -rn'QH EnF**+Nnn$ n$rnnQHnnn-n*5$n rn6 rnrrnr nn$nrn n(N3E$r&n3-nn+QN3En n-3-nnnrrnrr nnr-nr,+QN6,nOP r&n-nnnrrnn ,nrQ Nn$n$&rr+3$ En$rnr*Q %r+nrnEnrnnr nnn(N,n,r nRrnrr nr*Qr$-F!nH+ rn%r+n nrnn. rrn(Nnn nrnn-rr nr*Q%nnE rnnrrnrn nnnn (N,rnnrn +nrnrn

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;>; n+,+QNnnnnnrnnn nnrnn$+QNn $nrrnn+n$+ nr,+QNn rnnr,n-n rnr*Q6 r-nn rn.nrn rnn(N3r n-nn-3nnnnr+-nn-3-n'n *Qn-E n(N-nrn$n,n$rr$nR -$rnr*%*nnrn nnrr!**rn*Q *rr$rr nrn nnrrnnn+rnr+ r$nnn*n +Nrnnn nrnr rn&&,rn$ rnnnnrnnrn*Q rrrrnrn nrrrErrnr*"rrn nnrnn+ nrn+-nr(N $-nnn n+QNnr$n+QNn-nr,nr+QNr r+QN-rrn$ n$n-r*Q nnN,n rrn$nr rnnnnn$ rn$n n*Q%6rnr nrrn-r n(Nnnrnnr-rn+ n+-+nrr+-rn

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;>/ nnrn--nEnn OrrP+QN nrrnnrnrnnnn,+ QNnnr$r r-rrn*Qn-$r+ rn% rnrnn$(N'nrrn nr+33 r+QNE$-rnr -n-nr,nrn rn+QNrn3-nr,r+n&nrRnr -nr,nnr+QN -n+3r ,-nE,r n3rnr*Q 7 *rn-n n rrnr$rnn n--r r$nnnnr*!rr n,$rnnr nn-r,rr,* n r,+n rrnrn nnr*nrn+ 6rnrn&r r(N$rn-r rrnnQNnn$n -rn-n-*Q nrn6rnr( N3nErr-r $+QN-, nn-rrn+QNr OP3Err nrO-rrnPQNO rnPr-rn nrr*Qn$rn +rr -rNr rrn+n' rn+Qnr-rrn rn-rNn -rOPrn,rnn r+QN$n$rrrn

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;>@ nrnnrnr-+Q N-rnr OPnQ--r rrn* 5n *r$+nr +r$ n+rnnn--r r$nn nnr*nrn nr$( Nnrn+nrn+QNnnr nrOPr rnrrnnrOP,n ,+QNrr r-nr-n-nr,-+ -'r9Q rNnQNrn$,n nrO,nPQNn OPnrr r*Qrrn%rnrr n-$;; n-n-rrr* rOnrPn ,r,nErnr*-,+ r,rn n+nnn nnnrrnr* 5$6rnr nn rn-$r(N3n rnOrnr-nr,P+3n nrn+-nn3nnD+QN3r nnnn+ nnrnrn+QNrnnr 3r'rnnr$ n-nn-nn+QNnn nnrnrn*Q rrn$-n rnrr+ r$-F!nHrn%rnrn( 3-n,nr!** ++rrr,r ,Nn$Ern$

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;>B nr*Qn$ rnr+NnrnrnnrQ-$nrnNrn$nr n-rn*Qn$Nrn+n$ rn$nr+nnn-+n-rn nQn nnnrr-nr,nn nr& rrrn*+-nn nrr rnrnr nnrnrnE* r# *%r$nrnrn +r+ nr-nr,+rnnn-rn rn+nr-*%% rnrrnrr$rn nnr(N3nnrrnnn-rnn+QNnr rnnn-nr,-$rnr+Q Nnrrnn-$r n+QNn,nrr +n-nrrnnD+Q Nnrn$rr.(nn r,+n+nr $n,nDQ ## *r$rnn rn nn-(N-nnr& nr&+n+'nr r+QN-$-& -nn$nr r&r+QNr&Orn Pn-n-*Q rEnnn& rn(n%rnrr &-r6rnr+nN$ rnr&*Q

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;>C 5n *r$En-r nr-nr, rnnrnn-+rn+nr -*n6 rnrn$ n-rnr-nr,nrrn(N nE$-,n OnrP+QNrnn $rrnr$r rnr+QN, nnrrnnrrr nnnrrn-n nrQNnrn -nr r $rrrnnrr nn*Q -rnrr$-F?+: r$rHr$-n rnH(N'rR3 ,nnrr rR$nrn$--r*nOPrn$--rr OrnP+n,n-9Q *r$rnnrnrr -r rr$nr$n$$ +nrrn$ rnnrnn rnn-+-r n+nr-*n $-nr,n rrrrrnnr $ (Nn-$nr O$Pn$-nrnn /&@r rrnnnD+QN$nnr +--nn r*Qrn"nn nrrnn-nnr +rr+n rn$ $(

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;>< Nrn$n$rnrnrnrn$ $nrrQ Nn-nnrrn r*Q 5 *rNQnrn+ r$n$nrnn*Knr-rr$ nnrnrnrr* rn6rrr,+N r$rnnnr-Qrrn%r nN$rn-rn -*Q 7& *%r$n-rnr rrn n-n-+ -rr$n nrrnn-n r .+r$*Ern-n$rrrn $rnn,nrn-n$n rn(Nr rrrrnnr rn+QNn$-nr r+nnnnrr r+QNrn$rn -rnrnrrr, n+QN-r -rnrnr+n nrn,OP rnr*Q%nr(NnrnO rP$n nQN3 O'nPr-nr, rrrn3 nn-3n*Q:nnn-&n $rn--n nr+rn nrnnn n-rrnr-rn*

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;>> %r 3 $nnn+r &$ r$(FHnC*1r+FHn -rn,nnnr$ r+FH-n&$nr+ rE7!nr+-r rnn nnr+FHnr&$nr +rI+n+7 $rnrn+7 $n rn+-rn rnn nnr+FHrrnr& $nr+rn+ 7!nr+7 $nr+-rr nnnnr+ FH$rnr&$nr(rnr.+ r.+rn +n+7$rn rn+-rn rnn nnr* 3 $nn+nrn nn-&$ r$-r$-nnrFN"n nQNnQHn nnrFN"nQH-rr$n rnn-+-r N!rrnQFH+N$QFnHN %nnrQFrH-r r$nnrn-* nrn+nnr +r$rnrFNrn +QN!rrn+QN$QH -rr$nrnn-8 -nnr FN"nnQNnQH+-nnnrF NrnQNQH+ nrnrFNQH-rr $nnrn*nn-N%+QN:rr+Q N3$n$+QnrNQ

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;>1 -*+n r$N%rrQ Nn$nQnrnn-8N n+Q"nnrI!r+Q Nnr,+QN+QN+QN6$+Q7n &nrQnnr n-8N!rn+QN%& +QNQn n-*N%rQN7nr&$ Q-rr$n n+r$*

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;>G "!?(3%"#%%35 "r?nnrn*r+ rnnr r-nr,r.* 5+n $ $nnnr nn-rrn &n&rFH*'nrnnnn $ $nn rr*5+--r nrnr rnnnnn $rrr*+ nnrrn nnrrrr* !rnr-nr, ,nnnr r n*nrnrrr rnnr+r nnrn+n+ n*r$ nnr+ +n$ rrrFHnrn nrnr+FH nrnn-nnnnn rnnr$n rnFnrH+FHnrnr rnnn* rnnn-n rnnnr nnrrn *rnnnrnrr rnr nnnr*nnr-$ -nn + + n-rrr;*

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;10 %rn$r+n+nn ,rnn n*3 $nnn +r& $.r++nn n.rF**+ n-nrnnnr H$nF**+ ,nnrn rnnrnrH -rnnn-,rnr rF$&;nrH rrF$&/nrH-rrn nnnr* nn+--rnrnnrn+ -nr rnnrnnnr nnnr n$r;0&rnr$nrn* nrnnF;GG@H+r nnrr nnr+--r+n +nn+nrrn*% -$rnnrrnnr-r nrnr rnrnnrnF$. *++n+nn+ rnH+-n *nn++n +-n.nn$n rn rnrnnrn*3 $nnn+ nrn$ r$--rnn nrr$nn*:nrnr -nFr .H rn nF.H+nrr$ nrn-r nr.n+n+nn+ rn&FnrH*

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;1; %rn=$ (n!!n)rn( E#5 r&$.rr$ -C*1 r+nn-"$EF; GG0HnC*1/r*:n nnn*r -r n,nnnr$ r"$n,nn nnnr-r ++$r* rn##n! 5 r&n!5 nrnr-rnnrn+ rnnnnr rr;0&r nr$nrn*-rC*B<* /rnr+ r$*"nrnnrErE 7!nr+rnnnnr +n-$r+$n -rnrnr&$n$r-nrn rE7!nr+ nr rnnnnr r;0&rnr$nrn rrn+nr rn$ n+nrrnnr%EF/00@H n-+n -%Ernrnn rn*%+-nnn nn+n+nrnnrnr nr+-rnr,-r -nnrrr$r rn$r*3 +r-n$ nnnnr$r

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;1/ rrrrr+n$r+$r.rn rnrr* rn r-nrnr-nr nrnn$ .r*$ r$nr-nrn -*n-$r+n rrnn-rnrnrn -nr+n+ $nnn,nn $r rrnr+nrrn rn$n* ?n!5 nnrnr-rnnrn +rr+ +nrnrrn-rn rr ,nnnnnrnrn +n-"$E F;GG0H-rr-n rn*3r%rnrEF/00CH--r rnn nr,nnnr-r +rr -rrnn, nnnr*%rnrE +n-$r+nnn nnnr* 55nn!5 nnrnr-rnnrn +r-n$ n-r nnnnr *r:rEF;GGGH &--n rn *EF;GGGH-rnn ,rnrr -r

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;1@ nrnrnr*"nrrn rn -nnnnr F"$+;GG08%+ /00@H+rr nrn -rInr&$ n$r* (-;75rn!5 rnrnrnnrn+Er E7!nrn$rnnn nnrrr ;0r*nnnr :rEF;GGGH$nr-rrn$ rnrn+nnr:rE&-rrE 7!nr-nn $nrnr+n+ nn :rE-nr,nnnnnr nr* ;$?;r5nn! 5 5r7$rnrnnr7 $nrn -rn nnnr* rnr-:rEF;GGGHnn nr-rrn $rnrnnnnr %rnrEF/00CH 7$rnr-nrnnnr *+ n-$r+nnnnnnr 7##4n!5 7r'n!5 "nrnnr-n&$n$rF**+ rE7!nrH nrnr&$n$r+r rnr.-nn

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;1B -n nnnr*+ -n-%r%n,EF/00;Hr +-r.nnnr rnr-nr -+nr:nEF;GG/H-rrrrnr-r n-nr 7r$rEF;G11H-rnr. -rnrrnr* r'n!5 "nrnnrErE7!nr n-nrnr&$ n$rF**+rn7 $nrH+r .nrnrnrnrnnnnr rnrrr ;0r*r-r rrr rn-nrrF:r+;GGG8:r+ /00B8:nJ:n+;GG18 J%n+;GGG8rrr?rn+/00;H*3 +nrnrrr+ rrrrr.nIrnn-n rnnn $ nr$nrrnr* 7-#?n! 5 "nrnnr-n&$n$rF**+ rE7!nrH nrnr&$n$r+r rnnnnnnnr rnr*n-$r+7r$rEF;G11H nrrrrn-rn -rrrnr*

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;1C 74#rn7n !5 "nrnnrErE7!nr n-nrnr& $n$rF**+.nrn rnr7 $nrH+rn rnrn$n-n nnnrr r;0r*7r$rWF;G11H rn r-rnnnrrrnr rr* 7-(55nn! 5 "nrnnr-n&$n$rF**+ rE7!nrH nrnr&$n$r+r-n rn -rnr nnnr*5rn $nn nr$rn-rnrE nnnr* 7-(;75rn! 5 "nrnnr-n&$n$rF**+ rE7!nrH nrnr&$n$r+7! nrrnr-n rnn nnr*rr r$-nr n-rnrE 7!nrnnnnr 7(;$%#rn! 5 "nrnnr-n&$n$rF rE7!nrH nrnr&$n$r+7?nr rnr-n rnn nnr*rr

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;1< r$-nr n-rnrE 7$rnrnnn nr* 7(;rn! 5 -n&$n$rF**+ rE7!nrH-n rnr&$n$rF** nrnr rnH-rnrn+ 7 $nr rnr-n$ rnnnnr rr;0&rrn* rrr$-n rn-rnrE 7 $nr nnnnr* %rn=$ ;#7n %$+n+nn+In rrnnnrr nnr*rnrn $+r+ nnrn-rnrn +nr nnrnrnnrn*!r$nrr nrnrn*%r F/00BHnEnnrr nnr-rn $n*3%nEF;GGGH+r<0Tnr rrnnrrnnrF**+ rnrrnr rn$nE,H+rrnF**+rn nnrrrn$H rn-rnrn-rr*

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;1> 5n"4 rnrrn rnnr nnn*3 n-r -rnrErr+rrn+ rnnn* nnrnnr-rr$ nrnn-* rn!! % $nr$ rnrrrn rnr,rnr-rnn -*-nnrnr rrr( # *rnrnrnn+ n$-rnrnrnr -nr,rn -rnrrn,nnrnr,+r+n&+ +rnrnn+rr+ *%nr .nr-nr,rnrr rr8r $nnr8 rn$nrn'$++rnrr r+ 'rr8nr r$rnn -&*r rrnr rr nr-nr,+nr+rn n rnn+nn+n nnnr* rrnrr$+-r$ nnnr nnr-nr,rn Ernnn8,n nrnE,rn8 nnn rn$rn rr$*

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;11 rr-:rEF/ 00BH-Nrnr QOrrP-rnnnn nnrF*;;/H*%F;GG1H n+Nrnrrrrnnr n&nrnQ nNnQF*>H* nn+ rrr+$n nnr* n!! rnnrnr nrnrn r r-r$nnr n-*7r+ -r$nnr rnrn r rrnr r*!rnrnrn n$rn-*%nrnrrn$ nnnrnr r +rn--nr nrnEnrn8n rrn$ n%E 8nrrn nnnrn8nrnr -n, nrnrn$nrInrr* nrn nnrr+ nrnrnrrn rnr rn nrnF:r+/00B8:nJ:n +;GG1H*3rnnrnnr rrnrr r rnrnrrrn F:n-J+;GG/8 %n.r+/00
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;1G !n!! rrnrnn nn-r$n nrn-*% $rrr n-(FHr &n-nn n+FH,nnr +FHnn nrnrnrrn+FH En+nr+nr $nr$rn+FHr nnrrn$r -n+FHrnFH rr+FH nn-rnn* rnr-r n+-nr,nnr+ $nn nrn-rnnrrnn rrF:r+/00B8:n-J +;GG/86.+;GGC8r*+/00B8% r*+;GG1H* 7n!! n nrrn r$-r$ nnrn-* nrrn nrn nn-rrr,* r-2&6r,EF/00CH -,nn nn+nnrr +nnr-r,-r r$rrrn-rnnr nn* ##rn!! rrnr&nr&+ r$+-rn n-*7r+rnr -r&rn

PAGE 204

;G0 nr-rr$nrnrr nrnr-r -nn*-r$nF:r+;GGG8 :n-J+;GG/8%r *+;GG18%+/00@H+&rnr$nnnrrr* r#"4 %nrnrrnr nrnr -r*3nrnnnr+ $r$+nnrIrnr+nn* nnnrnnr -rr$nnrn* n!! r-+-r r$rrn rnnF'nrrn nrHnrnrn n-+r$n n-*% nn--nr nn(FHrrn nn$+n--nnr n r$nn+FH -$rrRnnn+ rnr+n$r ,n-nnrnrrr+FH rrnn n-rnn+FHr $n r$rn*!rnr nnn,nrr -n+rn$,+nn n+-n-nr,nnr$-nr rnr-:rEF/00BHr -rn rnnnr-nnnnnnr

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;G; r,EF;G11H-rnr n+nnrn+-nnr nnr*3nr+ %-r.F;GG>Hnr-nr n-nrn rrrn-n rr* 5nn!! +nr+r$n -rr$n nrn-*nr n$r*r+ # n$(n$nr$-nr rrnrrn -rnnrN,*Q%n +, n (n$nr rn$,nr,n nrrn$n*r+, n (n$nrn,rn $-rnr -nr$nn*nr+ n n-r$(n$nr rnnrn+-rn r$-$r-nr Nrn$Qnr-*7r+$ rr., nrn-nnnr* "n-r+r,F;G11H rn +-n rnn rnn+rn$,n nr$ ,rn+rn nrrn*!r$nrr n-nnr-nrnrn$ $r +rn+ -rnrF:n-J +;GG/85rJ"r+;GG@H*

PAGE 206

;G/ ?7n!! rnnnnrIrrnnr n-r$n nrn-*%-nn nnnrnrrrn-r r$nnnrr n-nnnnnnrnr rrn*nn-n-rrn$ n-nr( FHn-nr,n$nnnn+FH nn$nnrn r+FHnnrr ,nrnr+n -*n nnrIrrnnrnr *nnr nNnnQnrn-nr,n rnn*3 -nrnr+r+n-nrr F:r+/00B8rrr?rn+/00;H*%n.r F/00Hnn,nrrn rnF2&6r,+ /00CHn&nrr nn nnr

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;G@ 5nn!! %En-rnr-nr,Inrr n-r$n nrn-* $ n n-r rnF**+$-rn rr rn+ nHnr n F**+$-rnnnr n -rn nnrH*r $-n$n$ nrnrrn$+nr -5r"rEF;GG@H--n r$nr-nr,+ +rn-rrr rn nnnnnr+rnr 7&n!! rr$n-rnr rrn n-n-+ r$n nrn-*rr n--n$ nrn$rnrnrr nn $nrnrrnrnrnn-n $rrrn* nn-nEF;G
PAGE 208

;GB n+rn$+-nr,++n -+nnr*7r+ nnnr-rr$nrn -* )En!! :n-rnnr-r $nnr n-*%+-n+r +'nnr+ nrn--nr,nnn r+ -nr,n$n$r r$*nr+-nr, nnr*3 nnrr rnr'nrnnn+ nr$nnrrnr rnnn*rr r-nn n$r+, r$rnrrrn' ,(nnrn rnrn-nnn rn'* "rnEF/00CH-nr,-r nr -(-rrnrnnrn -nr,nrn-nr,nr -n-nr+ rnnrn-nr,-n -nr*"rnn nr -rnrn-n r,rnr* 4n!! nnnr r$-r$n nrn-*rnnnrn nnnrrnn nrrn-r& nnr+-nn$r+ n,nrnn*3 nnrr rn rn&+-r$

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;GC rr+-r$nnnnr*!r$n rr+n+ nnrr$r n-F5rJ"r+;GG@8n+;G G@H* 7#5% !rnrrrnnnr nrrnrnnrnnr*rrn Nn$n+Qnnnr-rr$ nn-* (n!! rn-nr,nn nr-r$ nrnn-*"rr nn$ &,rnr* %-nrn$-r r$nnnrr n-n,n$n*"nr -:rEF/00BHrWrn$nn-nrr:rEF;GGGH -rrnn nrn-rnr nnnr* ;#nn!! nn-n$-r$ nnrn-*7n&nr F**+& -,-$nr-nn$ rnrnrnH -nr,nrrnn,nr *rrnn&nrnr n-nrnn&nr* "n-r+r* F/00BHr& -nF**+n-nnBc rH-rnn

PAGE 210

;G< rnnr$n& nr-r& -nF**+n-nn
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;G> n!! 'nr$nrE-r r$nnr n-*$nrrr-rr $*$nr r$rnn *rrnrnn nn-rnr*3-r$ -nnr $nrnrn-n nn*r*EF/00BH nn-nr$& -nr$nr+n-rrnrnrnr&n* r#rn!! nrnnnF**+ rn+r+nr nr-nr,H-r$n rnn-* rrn--n$n nr-nr,n nnrrnn-n, $nnr*%nr r-rnrn F**+ Hnr nrnnnrnrnr *"n-+6.F;GGCHn ,n$nr -nr,nnnnnr %-r.F;GG>H rrEnnnr-r -rn-nrr* 7#$"#47n %5n!! 3+nrr$nn-rrn rnnrn*!rnnrrr nrrnE nrnrnrn n-rnnrr nn$r-nrnrn *%nrr

PAGE 212

;G1 nrn--rrnr n+r:nEF;GG rEn-n r nnnnnrF $ H+r$n nrn-F $ H(nn %rnr-rr/0-rn n6 rnr-r@0nrrB0*!r r+r+* 5n> n$$r E7nr-rn rnnnnr +rE7!nr-F $H* -nr $ nnN rQnrNn n-nr,Q-nrErnr* "nn :nrn $nn n+nnnn-r(FH rnn nnrrr;0 rnrnn -nnrnr-n nr+nrrnr8FHrE7!nr-r

PAGE 213

;GG nr,nnnr rr;0&r nr$nrn8FHr.n rnrnrn-r nnnnr rnrrr;0&r8FH rnr-rrrn rrnnnnr rr;0r8 FHr7 $nr rnrrnrnnnnr n;0r* %r+nrn $nn+nnnn-rr-(FH n r$rrnnr FN"nn+QNnQN"nQH-rr nnnnrnnrFN$QHn rnrFN%nnrQH-r nrn-8FH # r$-nrn nrFNrnQN!rrnQHnn nrFN$QH-r rnn-+-r-n rnnr FN"nnQNnQH-nnr nnrFNQ NrnQH-rnrn8FH %nn # r$nrnnrFN% rrQHnrn rFNn$nQH-rrnn+-rrn rnnrFNn+Q"nnrI!r+ QN7n&nrQH+-n nnrnnrFNnr,QNQH +-nrnrFNQ N6$QH-rnrn*

PAGE 214

/00 nnnr!n!r n& nn nnn*n-nrn rr* !!& rrnnnr-nr, rnnrrn+n+ nn*r -nnnrnn rnrr r* n-C*1r -r,n nnr$rnr n+nr+nrr rn-rrnr nrnn +r+-rrn-nr-*r$ Nnrnrnrnn nQ rnrnrr*3 nn rnrnr rnr-nr,r+ n-$r+$ rn+rnnnnn* #nr $n n+n nnrrnr-rnr nrn rnnn* (n!!7"n rnrnr rnF%n+ /00@H*+rr nn rnrnnErnr F:r,*+/00/86.+;GGGH* nnn rrnrn

PAGE 215

/0; $rnrnrn*nnn +,r$n +rnrnrnn nrn nrnrF$rrH* 5#?5n rE7!nr n-n$rn nnnr-r7 $nr$rnrn -rnrn nnnr nnrr nn n*nnn nrnrnnr nnr,nn*n-$r+ nn$nnnnr+ rnr+nn* r'n7-;n rnrnrr nr$r rnrnrnnnnr nnr*n rn$nr rrnrnrnr nrrr nrnr+nr rr,+rrn rnrnnr*3+ rrnrnr nrnn-I rnn-nr$ $+-+r+nrrnr* 3nr-nr+rnr nrr-n nnrn $rnr*

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/0/ En n$r--n r$ rrrnrnr,rnr -rnn*3n+r,r rrrnr+ rnnnnr*n rn+ rFHr$n nr8FH rnnrn nn$r E8FHnr-nr,nrnrr &n$8FH nnrnrF**+nr-nr, rnHr.* rn##r rn-rn n$nnrrnrnrnnr nrnrr rrnr rnnnn* -nr-nr+n-$r+n nNQn rnnnrnr -nr,*% F:H+rn-n nrr+nr rrn*nr+n +rr rn rnnr-nrnr+nrN&*Q !#n(n7" "rnnnrnr nr rr$nnrn*!r+$rnn nnnrnrnr r rnn nn*nrn+ rn$ n%E +

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/0@ n. +3r+nrn r rnr*n+rn$nr nnn E$rrr* n)rE## n nrrn r$-rr$ nnrn-*3 rErnnn'nrrn+ -rn ,$*% rnn.r& nnrr*nrn +rnnr -rrnr rn$, nnnrE-nr,* rnrnr$nnr nr$rn rrrn'+nr+rnrn rr-n rn9:nrnnn r+rrrrn rrnr.* r&n rr$nrnnr nrn,r nr,rn*r n-rn n-rnnrn ,rn-r,*r rnnr$nr.-nr ,n-rrn n-nnnn$n$rr nr-nr,+nrnrn nn*n nrr nnnnrrn&r+--rn rnn r*

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/0B rnrnn-r$ nnr n-*3,nr nnrnrn nnrnn n*rrn -nr,nnr+nr nn n(nnn+nn-r n+n-nnn$rn nrnrnnr+nnEnr* 5n:(nr $-r$nnr n-+r -nrrnrr*n -$r+nr-r n$r*r+$-$rn $rn $nr-rnnr--n rrnrnr rn*%n+,nrn-r$ -$n$$n nrErnr*n rnnn rn-$+ n-rnnr+ rnn rnnn+rr nr-r nrrnr *r+n-r nnn,+ n nnr r,nrnrn$ ,n$ nr$,rn $*%nnr$rn --*n rn+rn+ rnrn$rn+

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/0C rnrnnrr nrnr+,+ $r*$ $nrn -nr,n-rrnrn-rn* --rr $rn nnrnn-+n nrr+r$n n-*r nn n$rnn+rr+r nr$n$rn$ rn-$r rn$rn nn-*%En+n-$r+ nn&n&n rnF$Hn&n&rn FnH*7$n[ &rnrr nrErnr+n rn-nr,nnr$nr nr* rr&rn$nrnr ++nn-r r+nnrnn*!nn n+rn+ rnrnnrn$ nrn Ernr*nrn+r rnnr r-n(rn$,+ -+ rErnr+nnn nrr*rnr +-$+ nnr$$*3 nnnE -nr,nrnnnnrnnr*

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/0< rn( n$n-r$nrnn -*%-n$ n-nr,rnn rnnnrr nn-nnnrr -nr,*r -nrr+-rnn n$-n$n r-r$r*n &rn$nr rnnnr+n -rnr-nnn nrrE rn*"n$r+r rnrnrnnrn rnnrn*%nn r-r$nr nnrnrn$n rnn* 7$rnn$nnnn r+n $-nn$$rn rnr*nr+r rrnrnr-n$rnr,F**+r+ ,nr+,+-Inrr nnr+ nrnnH-rr $nrr r-nrnr nnr-: rrrnnn$r nn* 4#"#F :nnnnr-r$nnr n-+ rnrrrr r$nrn nrnr.nnr-$-n rnnnnr *n-$r+n.n,n nr.nnr

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/0> rnrnnrn rnnr*!r+ nrn$nnrnnr nrnrn+rr rn+nn+$rrn *3+nr nnrnrnrnrr nrnrr nr-nr,rnnrr& rF**+rnH* 4#<%#nr#r rnnrnrn -r$n nrn-*%n+ rrrr -$rn&+ rnr,nrrn n+nrnrnnn nn-nr,+rrn nnr*+n+ r+rnr nnrn-rn* 7$nn+r+rn nnnrnn+$r Ernrn nrrn$nn&nnnr+nr +-nrnnrErn$n-nr nrrnnr En$nrnr n* 6nrnnrrr nnrrn nrn+nrnn$r*:n $ $r rnr$rnrnnnnrnnr n$nnnr *nnr r$-nnrn$rn

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/01 #rn r$rrrnnn n+n"n nnn$r+rr nnr$r. nnr*3nr-nr+ rnnnn$ nn$F-.J)nn+/00
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/0G !$ nnn $nn n n$r-r&n++r$ rnrnn nr$nrn*$-r nnr$* rn-&$rn$r $7!nr nnn&nrE7!nr rnnrrrr*3 nr&$rn$r nnnr$rnr rnn$rnrrn -nrn$rr rnnnnr 5nn#$%# n-r -r. +rn r$n*%$r $r-r$-r-nr$*&$ $rr&nr& r+$7!nr+ rn rr+r-rn n*rr& $$rnrrnr&$$r r+n rnr&$$rnnr rnrnrE rn$+n r+-rnrnn+ -r-nr$ nn,+-rrnr nn-nnr* E(###@'n5# nn--n$rn -r-rn rnr+r+nrrnn rnn+r

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/;0 rnr-r-rnrnnnr *nr$nrr rr-nnnnr, r&$.r -rrn-r-rnr $nr*3 .rr+-nnrnr$r nnnrr nnrnrrnnrFH* rnn$+ rn+nr,rn$nr rrnn nnr,nnr nnrrn-rnnnnnnnr* (##r##(###@'n5# %nn-nnnrn nnnrnr+ r+nrnr-rnnr*: nnnrnrn+ .rr+rrrn rnr&$NrnQNnrnQ*rrr rn& .rnr-rn r,nnn+r,nr&rnrnn+nrrn$*nnF;GGBHnrn nn8n-$r+r nnrr-nr ,$n* &(# rnnn nnr+rrrr nnrnnn'nr n +rnn+r ,nn* 3rn-n ,n+-r n+-nrrr nnnn*

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/;; "$F;GG0Hnrrn nn+ n-$r+r+nrnr-nnr* (%#"! r$n rnn rnnr+,nnrn rnnn*n-nn nnDn -nr$$nn -rnnDn-n rnn rEr+n$n+ nnrnDnrn nrrnrE rrrn'nrrnDrr nnrrrr n$nrnrnn* (%#"5n r$-r$nn rn-+ nr nrrrrrn nr*rrr rnrrrn-$nn Dn-r$nr -$Dnr-r nrn rnDnr$nr D3n+n$r nrDnrnrr Enr$nrD n-n&nrnn&$&$nr rrnD-rn nrn$nrn -$* ##n"nr nnn-n nn nrnnEr rrrr*3

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/;/ nnnnr nn+ nrnnnnrn *%nrn nnrrr$nnr rrn*3nrn nnr, n$r& *nrrn $nn nrn.nrr$n nnrn* &#rn nrrnrr -rn $ $nn+r $*rr rnrnrrn+$ nr-r-r rnn-nnnr +-nn nnrrr* -n$n$ nrn+nr+nnr$r n&nnr+rn rnrnnnn nrF$rH* 3r,n$rrn r+$r+nnnnnrr-n rn* n$rrnnr rnrn* nrrnn $nnnr *nrnrr nn* $rr+ nrnrn rrnnnnrnnn nrnn* -nnrrrnn rnrrnnr rnnnnr+r rn*

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/;@ 5"% +)*+J:,+*F;G1>H*n E++ nr$rnnnnr* @n:1 F;H+ @[;B* ,,+*F;G>@H*3nrnnr nn,nn r*3:*5*!rn$J",+F*H+ rn# F*/<>&//1H*:(,2n* n+!**F;G1/H*r&nnr nnr* r## (n# + /+ +<;&G1* n+!**F/00;H* #A#n# n 5-r!r,+"(%* r+6*+J"rr+%*F;GG>+rH* !n-nnA" n:::n #n n *"rnr!n%n+#$r n:r "n+?n$r+"*F3"nrn n%r$5n* BBB n+*"*(nnnr#$r :r+"**F;GGGH*nnrErn r*&n rr* 7# F#35n*GG;>>CBH*

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/;B :r+6*6*F;GG0H*nnr( rn-rnr rrrnnnnr* @n:+/ + @ !rrnr n rnn+%rn+"*F3"n rnn %r$5n*@B1G/CH :-+*6*F;GB/H*!rnrr( nnr$ rn* !L#5%#nr#7#:+ >+;<@& ;1@* :r+*F;G>>H*%&(n-r nrn$nr* 7## + 8D +;G;&/;C* :r+**F/00BH*nnn rnrn nnnnnrr r* 7# F#35n* @;@@C<1H* :+)*!*+Jr.r+:*%*F;G1CH*n nnnrn rrrn* n:33 +B1C&CB0* :+)*!*+Jr.r+:*%*F;G1>H*n nnnrn rrrn* n#:/.2 +;CC&;1>* :rn+:*F;G<0H* ;nn,nr *5-Knr,+5K(7r-&

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/;C :rr+)*:*+J+)**F/000H*r.n $nrrn nn*3)*"*%rF*H+ @nA@n%E n F?n*;C+*/<1&@@1H*5-Knr,(n!r* :r+6*+:+*+J7r+6*F/00;H*r nrn$rn-nr,( $rnnnn nr'n* L# #r#r:/D F/H+/G@&@0C* :n-+7**+J+5*6*F;GG/H* "7> *!rn+5)( !rn#$r!r* :n+*6*F;GG&GB* :r,+)*"*++*+JK+!*F/00/H*% rnrrnrnr( nD 7#@n:+/ F;H+;C&/G* "rr+**+5nr+*+J"+*:*F;GG@H *"nr(%rr nnnrnn rn* L# @n:D: ;/@&;@G* "$+)**F;GG0H* ,#'nn#& n #nnrrn+r$r#$r +* "n+*F;GG1H*r.nrr$ -. rrrn* L#<#r:/D +/<>&/>C*

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/;< "n+**F;G>/H*rnn F-nH* L# #r#r:.r921D: ;1> & //0* "rn+:**F/00CH*&n&r (rn-nn-nr, nnr* 7# F#35n*@;>n#n nA"#n *nnrrn+ #$rn+* ,+"**F/00@H* 5n##nnn # #> #+!$%#$r+ !$* n+2*+J%,r+**F;GG<+rH* rnA, En### *!rrn rnrnn+5-Knr, +5K*F3"n rnn%r$5n*@GG@B;H .+5*2*+J6n+K*%*F/000H* rn $ rr*35*2*.JK*%*6nF*H* nn,n $ rrF/*+*;&/1H*n,+"(% )r+%*6*+r+**+J"+:*!* F;GGB+/G&);H* rn nnA"nK M *!rr@Bnn nnnr3n r+5-r+6F3"nrn n%r$5n* B01@B>H )r+%*6*+r+**+J"+:*!* F;GGGH*$nrnn rr* n:/8 +@>C[@G0*

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/;> )r+%*6*+r+**+J"+:*!* F/00/H*nr$nn nrrnrn* !L#@n:1+.+2: CCC& C1;* )r+%*6*+Jn+*)*F/000H* rnnn ## *nnnr3nr7r3$ !r*F3" nrnn%r$5n*BBC #$rn r%*5(2-nn5%+r*F 3"n rnn%r$5n*B@C@0CH* r+"*2*+Jn+*F/00>H*"rr nr$rrn&n $n(-nn,n* 7##(n:/ F/H+ ;/;&;@1* $+)*F;G1G+r;CH*6n nrnnrnr* #@n +;@&;B* +*+,n-+**+Jn+"*F;GGG+ rH* 5n#n nn#nnA4 n## n& *!r rnr nr nn+nr+"*F3"nrn n%r$5n* B@0BG;H* rrr?rn+K**F/00;H*rnr &n&r nnrnnnrn& rrrn* L#@n:1 F@H+@B;&@<>*

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/;1 +*+J'.+3*F;G>CH* 9#:n:n%A5n n *+(n&* 7rrn+*F;GG;H*6nn ("nnnr rn* 559##:1 +C0&1G* 7r$+)**+Jr+?*F;G11H*$nn nrrrnr* !L#@n:30 F/H+;<@[;1G* 7n+"**F/000H*%n3nrn3nD %Ernnnnr rnrn* !@n:+ F/H+;GG&//>* 7n+"**F/00CH*rnnr nnrrn( 6nrnnrr* !L#@n:1.2 +<00* 7n+"**+Jnr+**F/00;H* 5A)&nn#n#%n#n *!+"(rnr rrnr!-"rnn* 7r+2**F;GGC+rH* 5nnA5 nn59 *!rrnr nrnn+%rn+" *F3"n rnn%r$5n*@1/;B@H* 7r+)*"*+"r+?*)*+J7r+**F; G1GH*n-rnr-nr, nr&n$n* n##n7# 5#:// F@H+ /CC&/>B*

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/;G 7rn+**F;G1CH*rnr nnn n(nrrn nnnrr n&r*rnr3r n+ D F05n## n###nnn *!rr nrnrn n+%rn+"* F3"nrnn%r$5n*@1>0@@H r+**+J2.+)*F;G>>H*nn r* L#@ n:D8 +r/00 *5nn%[ 5nr"n*n+"* r-&7r$+"**F;GG>H* )-nA5B#n B#n> nnrrn+#$rn%n nr+nr* nr+*:*++**++?*+J+ 2*F/00>H* ,nrAr *"n(5nn r"r*Frnr$rn n%r$n rnnr+n5"nrr (5%+53+ #%+5+#%+5%*H*

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//0 3+**F/00@H*nrnn rn$nrnr& rn(&$rr& nrr* @n:DD +B@@&B@G* 3+*3*+J)r+%*6*F/00/+)H* 5#n#n ##,nr *!rrB/nrn nnnr3nr+nrnn+" 3$,n$+5*?*+J%,+%*6*F/00>H*%E rrnnr rnrnrr n(n* @n:D8 F;H+G@&;@C* )nn+*:*J-.+*)*F/00BH* nrr(rr r-nn* n# + ++ F>H+ ;B&/<* )nrr+%**F;GH* !n-n# *# nnrrn+#$rnrn+rn 2&6r,+!*F/00CH*!r$rrrn nnnnnr( 7# F#35n*@;G<@GBH* 2$r+*F;GG>H*%Wn-r rnrrrnnr @ n+GG+B>&C1* 2r+7*7*F;GG
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//; 6-+*F;GGGH* (En##%n #nnrrn+#$rn +*r$ rG+/00<+rn(II---**nI-I 6.+**F;GGGH*6,rnrn nn$nr nnrn(+r r* @n:D F/H+/@@&/B<* 6+5*6*+J-.+*)*FrH* nnnnrr > #nA"#L#( n# 6.+2*F;GGC+rH* 4#n#n n#n *!rrn rnrnn+%r n+"*F3" nrnn%r$5n*@1/;B@H* 6n+K*%*J7+*7*F;G1CH* #B *5-r!r,+"(%* 6n$+:**F/00;H* "!A!nB nn#n *6+(n-J6* 6,+**F/00BH* (###n# *5-r!r,+"(%* +M*+J+)*F;GGGH*rnnn$ (n-n nnnrnrnD n##n 7#5#:/ +@
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/// n+:*7*+5n+)*%*+J5n+"*?*F/00;+ H* #n n#nn#n *!rr 5n"nn!rnnrnn rnF5"!H+nn+ r,+:*F/00/+H* rn#nn n *!nrrnrn r !nnnn+"n+36*F3"n rnn%r$ 5n*B>;BB/H* -+)**F;GG/H*#r$ $rr* @n n: +/>G&/GG* r+**+J"n-+)**F;GGC+5n$rH* 4#n# nn#> !rr nnnnr%nr n+rn+6* 6+7*F/00&;BG*

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//@ n,+"*F;GGBH* 7##n *n,+"(%* r+!**+:r+6**+J%r+)*F;GGG H*!rrnn $r* @n:D +@CC&@>;* .,+%*K*+J,+*)*F;GG;H* nnnnnrrn nn* 7#7#An7: +;GG& ;/@* 5n%nn*F;GG1H*%rn-nr ,nnr rn*5n%nn($nn %nr%* F3"nrnn%r$5n*B/>G<&B0* -.+*)*+J6+5*6*F/00>H*? $rr( nnrnD #nA"#L#( n# + D/ +/@@& /BG* -.+*)*+J6+5*6*F/00>H* nr $n-r* #nA"#L#( n# + D/ +;0C&;/;* -.+*)*+J+"*F/00@H*r-n r,nr. n*3,,nr+*J+"*F*H* @n%E&nn #n%#> n,+"(%* +**+Jr,-+*%*F;G1C+rH* #nn nn *!rrnnnr3n rnr+!nr+*F3"nrn n5n*@;/G@/H

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//B !+*F/00H* (##%#A&# n n *F@r*H*5-Knr,(rnr:r"n!r* !n-+)**+J+:*)*F;G1 !rrnrnn nnr3n rF3H+5-r+6**F3"n rnn%r$5n* @>@<@@H* nn+%*6*F;GGC+H* @##nA5#'# n n::nn En# *!rr

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//C @Cnrnnnnr3 nrF3H+ :nn+*F3"nrnn%r$5n* @GG@B;H nn+3*F;G>/H*?nr-r-rnn n.nnr.n* r#n:D: /C1&/>0* n+*?**F/00/H*nrnr$ L#@#: 3 +C11&CGB* %n-,+*J:rrnn+)*F/00@H*" $* #@#:1 +G0C&G/@* %r+**F/000H*"rrn&,& +r$r+ rnnr(rr nn++ $nr+rr$n* @n:D/ +C@>&C10* %%33*F/00H*%Ernnrn nrnrn nnnrrn* 7# F#35n* G10/>B&/;* %r+)*)*+J%n,+**F/00;H*%nnnr!**nnDnnnn,-,D !L#@:+ F/H+@1*

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//< %+:*F;GG1+rH* !59 ( 5n#n# F !rrnr n rnn+%n+"*F3"n rnn%r$ 5n*B/B0&;C>@* %'r+*+J:n,r+*F;GG@H*%rrrnr .nr-n$ rr* L#9#r:/8 +/@>&/CG*

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//> %+*F;G>0H*rnnrnrn( rrr$* ":/ F;H+0H* %rnr+*6*F/00CH* (A5nn# n n *#nnrrn+?r+ ?r* %r+6**F/00BH* 5##%n#n#n n> nnrrn+#$rn%nnr+ nr* ,,nr+*+J+"*F;GG1H* (&nn#A%B# nB> n,+"(%* "rnnnr$n *F*H* #"@n *r$rG+/00<+ rn(II---*rnn*nrI nI n+?*F;G>CH*rnnrnrn( nrnr rr* n#:D3./2: 1G&;/C* n+?*F;G11H*%nrr( nnnrrn $* L#@n:30: B@1&BCC* n+?*F;GG@H* ##AEn n> F/*H*"n(#$rn"n!r ,+*+"n+%*+J:+:*F;GG0H*
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//1 #+!**+J!nrr+%**F/00/H*n-n r nD#rn nr* @n:D+.2 +/0G&/@B* #*%*rn6nr*F/00<+H*r$ rG+/00<+rn (II---**n$InIrrIn/C;01;* +)*:*+J%r+)**F;GG;H*rnrn-(5-nnr rnnrrn* n#:/ +B0>& BC0* +)*:*+J%r+)**F;GG@H*3$ n+n+r rn$r(nn+n-n+ r&r$$* L##n##7# + /.2: GC/&G
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//G !!53"%

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/@0 (3nr"nnrnr%n 7rn 0-,12)1-3-,12),120)11124356 nn-nrnrn n-rnrnn-n,r r,rr*!rr *3nnnr+, rrr* r 7 nrnnnr nnn nnrn 2(8 (nrn 3rn9:r 7 "nnn+M#$r n-r+n-nr nnnrrnrnr *nr$rnrn+n ,nnr-nr nrrn*rnn nrnnnr "nnnnrrn *$rrn nrnnnr -nn$nr nnnr* Knrr nr nrI-rnnr "n*3nnnnr+n,nnnrnn rn-$nr*Kn-r r nrnrrrr-nr nr$nnn,n nnr*nrn-n rr*5nr,r n-nrrn*%nn rrrn+ nr-nn-rn-nrr nn-&r$-nnrn nr*rr$"n"rnrnr$nr -nnnn-r rr* Kn-nrrnr +n-$r+,rn rnrn$r,n-n-nr nnnr "n* nr.rn+nnr n%r$+ 3n$-:nr+n r$nnM$r+ rnrrn*3$ nrn+ nrn$-n-rn nrr-nnr nrnrnrn n*nnnn rnrn+3-, -rnnr -rn*-rnr @r* Knrnnr $nrnrrn-r-* 3 nnnnnr+nrn-r-+ r-n* 3n$ nnnrr rn-n,rrr+ n n$nnr3r "nnM#$rF !# % H*3n$ nnrr nrrr+nrn+ F !#% Hnr$F #nn H*,n* 3$rnr rnn$rr*3r r nn,n-r nnrrr+ +r,+$n$r eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeee 3rn0;(rrr-0; (rrr 3r3,nr rrrnr*3 rr,+3r$ nn,rr nn*3$r$n nnnrn,-* eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeee 3rnrrr-r rr

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/@; :(3nr"nnrnr%nn -&3r$0-,12)1-3-,12),120)11124356 nn-nrnrn n-rnrnn-n,r r,rr*!rr *3nnnr+, rrr* r 7 nrnnnr nnn nnrn 2(8 (nrn 3rn9:r 7 "nnn+M#$r n-r+n-nr nnnrrnrnr *nr$rnrn+n ,nnr-nr nrrn*rnn nrnnnr "nnnnrrn *$rrn nrrn-nnnr -nn$n rnnnr Knrr nr nrI-rnnr "nnn*3nnnnr+ n-,nn&n&n r$--rn-r rnrnr rrr-nrnr$ nnn,nnnr *r$--,nnrnnr -nrr*5n r,rn-nrr n r$-*rr$"n"rF !#% Hnr nr$nr-nn nn-rrr* Kn-nrrnr +n-$r+,rn rnrn$r,n-n-nr nnnr "nnn* nr.rn+nnr n%r$+ 3n$-:nr+n r$nnM$r+ rnrrn*3$ nrn+ nrn$-n-rn nrr-nnr nrnrnrn n*nnnn rnrn+3-, -rnnr -rn*-rnr @r* Knrnnr $nrnrrn-r-* 3 nnnnnr+nrn-r-+ r-n* 3n$ nnnrr rn-n,rrr+ n n$nnr3r "nnM#$rF !# % H*3n$ nnrr nrrr+nrn+ F !#% Hnr$F #nn H*,n* 3$rnr rnn$rr*3r r nn,n-r nnrrr+ +r,+$n$r eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 3rn0;(rrr0;(rrr 3r3,nr rrrnr*3 rr,+3r$ nn,rr nn*3$r$n nnnrn,-* eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee eeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee 3rnrrr-r rr

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LB3051 (Online)
1 100
Wao, Hesborn Otieno.
2 245
A mixed methods approach to examining factors related to time to attainment of the doctorate in education
h [electronic resource] /
by Hesborn Otieno Wao.
[Tampa, Fla] :
b University of South Florida,
Title from PDF of title page.
Document formatted into pages; contains 242 pages.
Includes vita.
Dissertation (Ph.D.)--University of South Florida, 2008.
Includes bibliographical references.
Text (Electronic dissertation) in PDF format.
ABSTRACT: Over the years, the time that students take to attain the doctorate, particularly in Education, has been increasing. Given the cost incurred in preparing students, the decrease in years of productivity in the chosen professions, and other opportunity costs, this trend is of great concern to students, the university, and society at large. This dissertation examined the timing of doctorate attainment and the factors related to this timing. Using secondary data (N=1,028 students), discrete-time multilevel hazard analysis was employed to determine the relationship between various factors and the timing of doctorate attainment in a College of Education. Complementary to the quantitative analyses, four student and two faculty focus groups and four follow-up student interviews were conducted to identify factors perceived to influence time to attainment of the doctorate (TTD) in one College of Education at a state university.Discrete-time multilevel hazard analysis revealed that the median TTD in Education was 5.8 years; students were most likely to attain the doctorate in the seventh year. In each year during the observation period, students' master's grade point average (GPA) score at admission, percentage of female students in the program, and mean graduate record examination (GRE) quantitative score in the program were each positively associated with the odds of doctorate attainment; whereas the size of the department housing the program was negatively associated with the odds of doctorate attainment. Female students were more likely than males to attain the doctorate in each year during the observation period, however, the difference disappeared when clustering of students into programs was considered.According to students, the way program expectations and requirements are communicated, the nature of the dissertation committee formed, and dissertation topic chosen each had a strong association with TTD. Faculty perceived that whether a student enrolls part-time or full-time, the amount and quality of academic preparation received, and the nature of academic guidance, mentoring and supervision received, each had a strong association with TTD. Both students and faculty concurred that the nature and arrangement of program tasks and resources and the desire to work and attain goals despite obstacles encountered had strong associations with TTD. Implications for policy and practice and suggestions for future research are discussed.
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
Co-advisor: John M. Ferron, Ph. D.
Co-advisor: Robert F. Dedrick, Ph. D.
Survival analysis
0 690
Dissertations, Academic
x Educational Measurement and Research
t USF Electronic Theses and Dissertations.
4 856