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Aging with identity

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Material Information

Title:
Aging with identity integrating culture into senior housing
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Sanchez, Christine
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Puerto Rico
Elderly
Interaction
Aguadilla
Dissertations, Academic -- Architecture & Community Design -- Masters -- USF   ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Summary:
ABSTRACT: There is an underlying hope that those whom are elderly can exist in a place of happiness, comfort, security and familiarity; and can do so by aging in a place which complies with an understanding of their needs as older adults. However, along with aging comes a negative association of dependence and deterioration. Therefore, it is intuitive to have a connection between both the aging process and the design process. Creating a product which brings a positive association with senior housing and aging in place is the underlying goal within the project and overall design. With the increasing population of those 65 and older, there is a higher need for the placement of individuals who can no longer live independently or those who do not have family available to care for them. More specifically, the views of caring for elderly within Latin American cultures have a highly negative connotation towards the placement of older relatives outside of their proper family home.So how does the problem of increasing need for senior housing become solved with those who reject the idea of senior housing facilities and nursing homes? In order to change the perception of senior housing within Latin America, there needs to be an element of identity and familiarity to the home. It is that sense of identity and familiarity which will produce a product of belonging and comfort that promotes a positive lifestyle within senior housing. In order to directly address the Latin American culture, the proposed site will be located in an island which shares both United States values and views along with their own rich culture and history. Designing within the tropical conditions and cultural traditions of Puerto Rico will give its elderly a new and essential residential typology.It is extremely important to choose an environment which is beginning to acknowledge the change in demographic and economy that requires a more positive form of assisted living facilities and senior housing. Through a methodology which involves analyzing Puerto Rican cultural elements and conditions, the thesis will result into an understanding of cultural spatial traditions and customs. Accordingly, by taking these cultural conditions and implementing them into an senior housing program, it will bring a sense of home and place which is not found in the majority of elderly housing facilities within Puerto Rico.
Thesis:
Thesis (M.Arch.)--University of South Florida, 2008.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System Details:
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Christine Sanchez.
General Note:
Title from PDF of title page.
General Note:
Document formatted into pages; contains 71 pages.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002001649
oclc - 319888593
usfldc doi - E14-SFE0002669
usfldc handle - e14.2669
System ID:
SFS0026986:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


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ABSTRACT: There is an underlying hope that those whom are elderly can exist in a place of happiness, comfort, security and familiarity; and can do so by aging in a place which complies with an understanding of their needs as older adults. However, along with aging comes a negative association of dependence and deterioration. Therefore, it is intuitive to have a connection between both the aging process and the design process. Creating a product which brings a positive association with senior housing and aging in place is the underlying goal within the project and overall design. With the increasing population of those 65 and older, there is a higher need for the placement of individuals who can no longer live independently or those who do not have family available to care for them. More specifically, the views of caring for elderly within Latin American cultures have a highly negative connotation towards the placement of older relatives outside of their proper family home.So how does the problem of increasing need for senior housing become solved with those who reject the idea of senior housing facilities and nursing homes? In order to change the perception of senior housing within Latin America, there needs to be an element of identity and familiarity to the home. It is that sense of identity and familiarity which will produce a product of belonging and comfort that promotes a positive lifestyle within senior housing. In order to directly address the Latin American culture, the proposed site will be located in an island which shares both United States values and views along with their own rich culture and history. Designing within the tropical conditions and cultural traditions of Puerto Rico will give its elderly a new and essential residential typology.It is extremely important to choose an environment which is beginning to acknowledge the change in demographic and economy that requires a more positive form of assisted living facilities and senior housing. Through a methodology which involves analyzing Puerto Rican cultural elements and conditions, the thesis will result into an understanding of cultural spatial traditions and customs. Accordingly, by taking these cultural conditions and implementing them into an senior housing program, it will bring a sense of home and place which is not found in the majority of elderly housing facilities within Puerto Rico.
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Aging with Identity: Integrating Culture into Senior Housing by Christine Sanchez of the requirements for the degree of Master of Architecture School of Architecture and Community Design College of Visual and Performing Arts University of South Florida Date of Approval:

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Dedication Dedicado con amor a mi abuelo Juan Vega Lopez

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Acknowledgments had to face were the reasons why I believed a new typology amazing family who has provided the greatest love and sup ters of love and support he has been able to constantly send

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Table of Contents i

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List of Tables ii

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List of Figures iii

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Color Key for Precedent Analysis iv

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v

PAGE 9

vi

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Aging with Identity: Integrating Culture into Senior Housing Christine Sanchez ABSTRACT There is an underlying hope that those whom are el a connection between both the aging process and the design tion with senior housing and aging in place is the underlying there is a higher need for the placement of individuals who can no longer live independently or those who do not have fam vii negative connotation towards the placement of older relatives So how does the problem of increasing need for se nior housing become solved with those who reject the idea of senior housing facilities and nursing homes? In order to change the perception of senior housing familiarity which will produce a product of belonging and com the proposed site will be located in an island which shares both United States values and views along with their own rich

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viii and cultural traditions of Puerto Rico will give its elderly a new the change in demographic and economy that requires a more Through a methodology which involves analyzing result into an understanding of cultural spatial traditions and bring a sense of home and place which is not found in the

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1_Introduction The placement and secure living situations for this increas genuine connection with both the aging process and the placement and care of elder family members differ within vari placing elderly into facilities outside of the family circle or if the family chooses to have someone other than a relative land which shares both United States values and views along to address the negative connotation of unfamiliar place and traditions of Puerto Rico will give its elderly a new and essen within the overall programmatic spaces of the proposed senior 1

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Through an innovative design method involving the underlying hope that the elderly can exist in a place of happi study was to create a three dimensional construct which represented elements associated with the thesis sub ject which held characteristics similar to those of the biological Wooden linear strips which joined and grew organi cally at different points represented this notion of journey and to create a representation of individuality and the growth pro came an expressive piece that symbolized the thesis concept

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2_Problem The growing rate of the 65 and over population in Puerto Rico and abroad are experiencing an increasing de are graphs which illustrate and compare the changes in the 65 and older population within the United States from the year concept of placing elderly into facilities outside of ones home is traditionally the main component which provides for each

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housing which can simultaneously address the negative con transition characterized by two phenomena: the islands pop ulation is growing slowly through declining birthrate and ag indicate that the family remains the primary caregiver for older gerontology at the University of Puerto Rico and a member of the Advisory Panel on Aging and Health to the World Health 4

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stayed with family is beginning to experience a new trend of to elderly in Puerto Rico consist of renovated homes which of fer only the amenities available within a standard house such times the homes do not meet the standards issued through only contact with the outside is from the balconies and porch been an exemplary prototype of elderly housing facilities such To further understand the problem of elderly housing derly population are beginning to increase upward and there 5

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6 nior housing combined with Identity are the two components used to address a solution to the problem as well as to narrow

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3_Hypothesis By implementing a design method based on cultural analysis within senior housing, it will result into an acceptable assisted living environment which represents identity It is through this belief of bringing identity through cul to the problem can be addressed by the design of a success smaller circle in the center represents the identity through cul cle to the right depicts the infusion of identity into senior hous

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introduction of culture and identity that must be implemented changes then be implemented to enable older adults to lead understanding of the aging process can we then begin to es tablish the many places where older adults can live and pros By beginning with the study of senior housing typolo built form? There needs to be a direct method which shows how culture can become translated into a programmatic space resent culture and interaction in Puerto Rico are what in turn

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4_Methodology 9 It is through a layering of four concepts that are intend ed to correspond to one another in order to inform the char It is highly important to note that one component alone needs of a senior housing environment which sets out to pro study of the visual manifestations and moments of interac

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cultural image is developed which can then be depicted as a process of cultural diagramming the issue becomes a ques mented into senior housing and how? This phase involved creating a list of cultural moments which promote interaction archetypes which represented existing conditions in Puerto

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11 The second method concept used involves an analy order to develop a modern architectural design interpretation The use of common building materials and typologies found in Puerto Rican building and landscape design must also be The third method entails an in depth understanding of is the goal to design a safe and comfortable living environ but it is also to develop a strategy which alters the common tive strategies to promote seniors who live with physical and

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5_Site Analysis The proposed site will be located in an island which shares both United States values and views along with their conditions and cultural traditions of the commonwealth of the Choosing a Hispanic culture which embodies a need and desire of designing for their aging population was a very

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map of Puerto Rico with the city of Aguadilla highlighted in the beach proved to be a great element which the other cit projects also provided great points of interest throughout the el Pueblo de Aguadilla

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Census of Population and Housing for Puerto Rico the number of local residents who could possibly use a type 14 The grey highlighted piece located on the bottom left edge of

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Aerial Image of the Image of the Pueblo of Aguadilla 15 created in order to further understand the existing context at a The beginning stages of site selection involved choos a connection between two iconic elements of Puerto Rican was chosen which pertained to the preferred requirements as

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16 portant to remove the six existing buildings on the site in order

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throughout which provides a great existing public space to the the surrounding building masses and highlights the points of buildings that were considered points of interest were the landscape with rolling hills coming from the central portions

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6_Culture blending of cultures and nations that to this date are not so Puerto Rican culture have been created by a melting pot of cultural traditions stemming from early Spanish colonizers combined with the original Taino inhabitants and the African slaves brought to the island during the colonial period (Murillo tion for public and outdoor spaces are what bring community 1 4

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process of what could be translated from cultural activity into a documented image into a built programmatic element or represents an element related to Puerto Rican culture and 19 The Balcony and the relationship between the Residential it would result into a positive sense of place and belonging for accordingly within a project designed to promote identity and 5 6

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the porch can be interpreted as the relationship between the The third archetype is the game and culture of Domi is a traditional game which activates the mind and spirit to The fourth archetype is the Street Vendor seen in Fig highly accepted and unfortunately have been decreasing due is the idea of gathering around the food which is most impor

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was in close proximity to the beach was needed to activate to design for tropical conditions including wind breezes and It is the balcony that will promote the interaction between the A large part of the thesis process and methodology in of the cultural diagramming as mentioned in the methodology next step was to create constructs of the cultural spaces which

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7_Case Studies attributes categorizes them as elderly or in need of assistance? Biologically human individuals can be catego

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Through human development one can begin the pro human grows and evolves independently both physically and form which measures the functional capacity of an individual focus on the characteristics and growth events which occur is correlated with old age is the state or process of aging and a progressive loss of vigor and an increase vulnerability to can attribute to changes in an individuals physical condition

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Some of the most common diseases associated with to understand that although some mental disabilities might di could have come from past events which occurred early on single most important cause of disability among mental dis of consciousness and a change in cognition over a short pe a global deterioration of cognitive function in clear conscious Three lectures on Health Issues for aging populations

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and Disability discussed the main functioning components of ing points out the biological process the human body goes frail state of elderly and their battles with unintentional weight It is critically important to understand the historical re disabilities among older persons highly affect their quality of Biologically human individuals can be categorized as With age comes distinct growth developments that are univer

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most suitable to create a building that lets its residents age in individual must be 65 years of age or older and in addition have one or more of the following development conditions: entails understanding the type of facility most suitable for the most accessible sources of medical services for the elderly of older adults who choose to no longer live in their current by the Rotary Club of Santa Monica and Center for Healthy options for todays elderly:

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to maintain ones residence and lifestyle without custodial or for seniors who need some help with activities of daily living yet wish to remain as independent as ties aim to foster as much autonomy as the resi sician supervises each patients care and a nurse or other medical professional is almost always a private or shared room with a private or shared

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Continuing Care Retirement Communities one can begin to understand the uses and needs for each must be an overall comparative study of elderly living environ The placement and secure living situations for this increas Continuing Care Retirement Communities ible accommodations that are designed to meet their health and housing needs as these needs Care Retirement Communities sign a long-term seniors to remain in a familiar setting as they grow will be able to stay in the same community and receive nursing care should this become neces Retirement Community have adequately planned for housing and care for the remainder of their Continuing Care Retirement Communities offer may live in a single-family apartment or condo minium within the Continuing Care retirement suring that their long-term care needs will be met advantages of a Continuing Care Retirement Community is the option to move between the available housing environments as ones needs

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be a genuine connection with both the aging process and the the Department of Mental Health at The Bloomberg School of world where their independence and familiar community has has served its turn and is being replaced by more modern as much as possible and apply for the enabled care services The type of housing to be implemented into the build ing in place is essentially the same type of housing described site of the senior housing complex is located in the Pueblo of ing distance to the site dont have to leave there homes be part of the program and participate in the daily activities avail

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8_Precedent Studies It was necessary to understand the relationship between the numerous required spaces within existing senior living facili

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system was overlaid within each of the main programmatic tween the main program spaces were compared amongst the were all placed in a linear grouping pattern along one side in precedent b is represented as a garden space outside of each offer additional communal spaces within the surrounding The points of entry and any vertical circulation was also noted

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9_Program First is the regulatory standard requirements needed for as spaces must be further developed in order to create the ne shaded blue circles represent the three different residential Aging in place living units are used as a strategy to bring a fur

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with the communal and in-between spaces needed for maxi ization and identity are also promoted within the development The second building program part is the layering of the cultural spaces placed throughout as seen conceptually thesis process to understand that although the building is not shape the program chart began to minimize and maximize as

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10_Schematics parti diagram parti diagram depicts a connecting arm that rests on the site es that represents the main directional pull between the water must be present and consistent throughout each schematic

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1 1

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1 1 the downtown character consistent is a priority with designing step was too further evolve the schematics into physical mod the diagrams and forms for the three various schematic partis spaces which respond to the general public are colored in tan

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the spaces where the programmatic cultural conditions could shows an overview of the project on the site in the upper left

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archetype of the porch and the residential and commercial In order to decide which of the three schemes to de placement of various residential units along the North allowed

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Its purpose is to serve as a corridor through the building and Its purpose is to continue service to the outside public as well along the streets edge in order to maintain the character of of how the building would relate to the surrounding site con Schematic three was initially able to produce four of the

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building design was made to understand the spaces previ model to show where the eight cultural spaces could possibly Throughout the Thesis I and II semesters the sche the idea of the three residential units folding into the com

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41 above the retail spaces is the large communal space which dential towers have varied in form and now contain the many

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11_Final Design importantly was the need to address the main methodology concept of integrating culture into housing was still the main ating a line of both connection and security between the resi

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44 interaction will allow for the public to interact with the resi the same building concept only diagrammed into the build now becomes the main corridor for circulation and connec views and interaction was essential in creating a successful The most important layer was the placement of the

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45 The second archetype translated into a cultural space

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46 It is located on the ground level adjacent to the building en The fourth archetype envisioned into built form was

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It is located in the corner where the communal component

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function of the building extension is to serve as a cabana and

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tive of the balconies between the residential units and garden portant to translate the vertical connection between the com residents are able to access the retail shops internally as well site allowing for a clear visual point of entry from the exist the center left is the extension which crosses the street to the 49

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The overall massings of the building maintain the character of essential to maintain the connection between the water and connection between the water and plaza happens clearly on is the element itself that promotes the secured interaction be

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51 large communal space in orange adds a sense playfulness right of the entry is the domino cultural space that pulls the are able to feel secure as they are protected by staff and a internal balconies give the building and its residents a sense

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cupy a program which could address both the public visitors Senior residents are able to feel more independent as they understand the micro scale of the building as well as its spa is located directly at the center and is the internal courtyard end of the building allowing for seating and shaded spaces elevators are mainly reserved internally for the use of resi

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N

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54 N

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55 N

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56 N

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show the relationship between spaces and the surrounding commercial units can also be seen at the street level below

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59 space in between to allow for an exterior connection amongst ering spaces allow users to enjoy the ocean views from the

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Three types of residential units promoting aging in Residents who are considered senior citizens but able for a visual interaction with the exterior as depicted in Figure

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61 Metal Railings Tile Color entailed understanding the common materials used in build with metal sheets or tiles are also common and promote good is a folded metal sheeting which refers to the Puerto Rican

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es are colored to resemble the playfulness given by the large In relation to the large communal space just previously color that is common in Puerto Rican and tropical architecture Because most buildings are located in such close proximity to paint with peels especially within the humid climate of Puerto have a positive effect to those residents who relate to the use A perspective of the residential side of the building can large green space available to them on the North end of the

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Communal Interaction Spaces are a large part of se Three of the most important communal interaction spaces are the center of the courtyard in order to share the main connec main porch faces the beach providing a conceptual front for The residential gardens are shown through a perspec

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64 The gardens can be accessed directly from individual units to to promote the positive interaction and relationship between seating outside their doors in order to identify their personal to note smaller moments for interaction such as the seating gathering spaces such as the bench in front of each com

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65 scale section model that showed the detailed elements of the model of the overall building design made of white museum that this element served as the main point of interaction and

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66

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12_Conclusion lead myself and others into further exploring how architecture moments which bring a sense of culture and identity to the The thesis journey began with the statement of a prob to discover and learn not only how to create a positive living became evident that the need of senior housing dealt with a This different angle helped to guide the thesis into a mentation of a design method based on cultural analysis ology entailed the objective of recreating cultural interaction called cultural diagramming a system was formed to imple

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ment would contain layers of spaces and elements that would culture was the innovative element that drove the overall the involved an analysis of the existing Puerto Rican vernacu The use of common building materials and typologies found in Puerto Rican building and landscape design were imple required the understanding of the design requirements and an understanding that one element such as culture could have many elements that can promote a more successful prototype housing could be a positive living alternative for those who do

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Works Cited Lifestyles of the Elderly : Diversity in Relationships, Health, and Caregiving Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia Patterns of Human Growth Department of Mental Health Bloomberg School of Public Health Leonardo Energy: The Global Community for Sustainable Energy Professionals 69

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Bureau: Current Population Reports Puerto Rican Houses in Sociohistorical Perspective AARP Segunda Juventud: A Bilingual Magazine Puerto Rico AARP Segunda Juventud: A Bilingual Magazine Department of Mental Health Bloomberg School of Public Health Assisted Living Housing for the Elderly: Design Innovations from the United States and Europe

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Human Growth After Birth Last Home for The Aged 2000