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Experience + evolution
h [electronic resource] :
b exploring nature as a constant in an evolving culture and building type /
by Robin Plotkowski.
Experience and evolution
[Tampa, Fla.] :
University of South Florida,
Title from PDF of title page.
Document formatted into pages; contains 74 pages.
Thesis (M.Arch.)--University of South Florida, 2009.
Includes bibliographical references.
Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format.
ABSTRACT: Throughout time, our natural environment has been one of the only constants in our evolution. While cultures change and evolve, nature's beauty and positive effects on humans have always been present. Unfortunately, our built environment has generated much attention for its profound impact on our natural environment. Buildings in the United States consume a third of our total energy use, raw material use, and waste output, not to mention the negative effects they can have on our well-being, economy, health and productivity. In an effort to protect our natural environment, our built environment must become more responsible to the environment and the building users. A great stride has been made lately with the emergence of organizations like LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) and the US Green Building Council. These organizations have pinpointed the benefits that result from building green.Still, sustainable design has become complicated and is missing the awareness and priority of the qualitative experiences one receives when their built environment and natural environment coexist. With this thesis, I explored an evolving building type, the library, as a symbol of our evolving culture and its relationship to nature; studied the phenomenological relationship between humans and their natural environment; defined basic design principles for sustainable design; analyzed successful and unsuccessful examples of libraries and sustainable architecture; studied the process of programming a building efficiently; and explored creating architectural and natural environmental experiences. This thesis proposed a design of a new academic library in Sarasota, Florida. It is located on the campus of New College of Florida on the Sarasota Bay, servicing New College of Florida, University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee, and the general public.This project's goal was to give both library users and the public the opportunity to have memorable, sensory experiences of architecture and nature in their everyday life and buildings they inhabit. This constant reminder of the beauty of nature will place a desire in the public to protect and preserve it. While nature is defined as the 'constant', it will only be a constant throughout time if we take care of it now.
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
Advisor: Michael Halflants, M. Arch.
x Architecture and Community Design
t USF Electronic Theses and Dissertations.
Experience + Evolution: Exploring Nature as a Constant in an Evolving Culture and Building Type by Robin Plotkowski of the requirements for the degree of Master of Architecture School of Architecture and Community Design College of The Arts University of South Florida Date of Approval:
DEDICATION A debt of gratitude is owed to each of you...
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS process gave me the inspiration and motivation to make this a suc I would also like to acknowledge the entire staff and faculty of the University of South Florida School of Architecture + Com SACD ... Your commitment to the improvement and growth of the school is truly admirable...
TABLE OF CONTENTS List of Figures Abstract Chapter One: Introduction Focus 1: Sustainable Design History of Building Type: The Library Evolution of Building Type: The Library Connection Between Sustainability & the Library Design Implications Chapter Two: Case Studies Analysis Criteria The Parti The Entry User Circulation Reading Areas Field Study: Phoenix Trip Chapter Three: Program Objectives: Library & Sustainability Space Utilization Chapter Four: Site Selection Process Why Sarasota-Manatee? iii vi 1 1 1 3 5 5 6 8 11 11 13 14 15 16 17 i
3 Possible Sites Final Site Selected Chapter Five: Site Analysis Access Sun Exposure View Breeze Proximity Challenges + Strategies Images Chapter Six: Initial Design Ideograms Elevated Exterior Spaces Building as a Frame Flow: Space + Circulation Just Say No to Closed Containers Chapter Seven: Conceptual Design Main Conceptual Drivers Initial Conceptual Model Final Conceptual Model Chapter Eight: Schematic Design Chapter Nine: Design Proposition + Conclusion References Cited Bibliography 31 31 31 34 36 36 36 37 37 38 41 41 44 51 73 74 ii
LIST OF FIGURES 3 6 7 13 14 15 16 17 18 31 33 iii
34 35 36 36 37 37 38 41 44 45 47 51 53 54 55 56 57 58 iv
61 63 64 65 66 67 68 v
ABSTRACT much attention for its profound negative impact on our natural envi must become more responsible to our natural environment and the A great stride has been made lately with the emergence of organizations like LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmen awareness and priority of the qualitative experiences one receives nature; studied the phenomenological relationship between humans sustainable design; analyzed successful and unsuccessful examples of libraries and sustainable architecture; studied the process of pro ... study of the phenomenological relationship between humans and their natural environment. vi
This thesis proposed a design of a new academic library in constant reminder of the beauty of nature will place a desire in the vii ...nature... will only be a constant throughout time if we take care of it now
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION the harmonizing merger between our natural environment and our topics in order to understand how they can start evolving together as Focus 1: Sustainable Design It is very broad and has several different meanings to several differ Sustainable design is the art of designing physical objects and the built environment to comply with the principles of economic, social, and ecological sustainability. 1
tainable design is the art of designing physical objects and the built design is often viewed as a necessary tool for achieving sustainabil assessment and life cycle energy analysis to judge the environmen sustainable design generally believe the crisis of environmental deg radation may be resolved by using innovative design and industrial practices which reduce the environmental impacts associated with that while maintaining quality of life by using clever design to sub Sustainable Design Principles
alone are enough to make one consider using a sustainable design improvement of employee productivity and satisfaction and the op strain on local infrastructure and a contribution to overall quality of the idea of creating buildings and landscapes that join the highest positive regard for our quality of life with the least ecological conability should be clearly articulated as a guiding principle for this 3
prove that following good design principles from the earliest stage the natural context possible The aim of this project is to use basic, sensible design principles that support responsible, sustainable design. 4
I will address what the present and future may hold for the building Throughout history the library has been a public institution of this building type that will be investigated further during this the ten materials arranged or organized for the purpose for study and Perhaps no place in any community is so totally democratic as the town library. The only entrance requirement is interest. Lady Bird Johnson 5
every person within its jurisdiction to accept and continuously use I will examine some individual directions that the library is Social Evolution Library as a Gathering Space: Delft University Library 6
Technological Evolution future hold; will the library exist in the future? Some believe the li type of library building type is a perfect example to prove that the Design Evolution One of the goals for this thesis is that the design of the library as a building type will evolve environmentally type of library will demand more environmentally responsible deand faculty of New College of Florida advertise themselves as in thinkers who will lead a new generation that will require respect for Example of a Blended Library: Desert Broom Library 7
that it requires designers to look at the past as much as they will look explore the connection between the two and how they can start to Following good sustainable design principles will allow the building to contain several opportunities for various levels of in Following good sustainable design principles will allow the building to contain several opportunities for various levels of indoor-oudoor gathering spaces. 8
Because this design will be intended to serve the universities will ask general questions about several topics to be investigated: High Technology for high technology in our libraries? Will this take anything away the potential to grow technologically? How can traditional aspects of a library be merged with new technological elements to create a Globalization Technological advancements have allowed hu panding ability to share information and ideas is leading to what can from an institution with a monopoly on knowledge to one among many different types of organizations serving as information pro Interactive Video
This idea brings up questions about how the library will react to glo for the future? What role will streaming and interactive video have in the library to forge global networks for teaching and research? Museum Qualities Historically libraries and museum have been torical artifacts and documents? Will the special collection of the library be on display for the public to view? Will these museum qualities add a cultural richness to the library? These and other issues will be kept in mind throughout the added? ...how will the library react to globalization? ...can the library use information and communication technologies to their fullest ability and be to grow for the future?
CHAPTER TWO: CASE STUDIES Case studies are pertinent to the exploration of the building Analysis Criteria A list of criteria has been established to be analyzed us compare the projects to one another in order to gain a complete lowing projects were part of the case study: Richard + Bauer c) Delft University Library | Netherlands | Mecanoo Richard + Bauer Richard + Bauer 11
I started the case studies by diagramming the organizational realized the value of a clear organizational element to be present Organizational Parti Diagrams
The Entry I am assuming because the entrance is one of the most crucial ele the entrance to not allow their very large buildings to become in be placed on bringing the scale of the project down to the level of Entry Diagrams 13
tween which spaces are for the general public and which are for staff see possibly emerging with this strategy is that the private spaces are 14
User Circulation The next criteria that were analyzed across the case study that when I compared these diagrams to their matching organiza Many of the user circulation diagrams clearly followed the parti of The overall idea about this study is that the user should have User Circulation Diagrams 15
I have also analyzed the location and scales of reading areas I think these diagrams also indicate the importance of having The overall idea about this study is that the user should have Reading Areas Diagrams 16
Field Study: Phoenix Central Library Field studies serve a vital role when researching a particu visit to the following projects: studied these spaces for their positive characteristics as well as their 17
space for a smooth transition and the illusion that the line between sually experiencing the natural environment while inhabiting a built must exit the library and walk around the building to access the pub Field Study: Phoenix Central Library 18
space is in constant view along the west side of the building as a screen provides a practically unobstructed view while also address habited during my visit; while the interior of the library was bustling I made was that the interior of the library provided exceptional seat Field Study: Desert Broom Library
Field Study: Desert Broom Library Plan
stacks a glazed wall exposes a narrow landscaped space before a Adjacent to an interior reading area on the west end of the However that did not stop patrons from enjoying the space from the valuable interior space can be when it is directly affected by an ex Field Study: Mesquite Public Library
CHAPTER THREE: PROGRAM that allows users to experience their natural environment while per forming library functions and a library that has rich architectural ing proven preservation techniques and has an electronic linkage to ...a library that allows users to their natural environment while performing library functions...
spaces in between exterior and interior
Quantity Volumes Area (sq ft) Quantity Volumes Area (sq ft)Introduction Special User Facilities Vestibule 200 Learning Commons Lobby Writing Center1 800 Circulation Desk 500 Tutoring Center1 800 Circulation Work Area 600 Computer Lab1 600 Interlibrary Loan Desk 600 Technology Help1 200 Reference Department Classroom1 400 4 workstations 400 Study Room for 6 3 450 work area 100 Study Room for 12 2 600 computer stations 500 Production/Presentation Room 2 400 Campus Auxillary Book Store 1,200 Quiet Room/Area 2 600 Caf/Food Court 2,000 Thesis Carrels/Offices 16 960 Special Use Area 2,000 Scanning/Printing/Copying Area 500 Projection Rm 150 Storage Rm 150 Amphitheater 2,500 Administrative Offices Card Catalog (Computer Stations) 500 Dean Office 3 200 Staff Restroom (Accessible) 100 Assistant Work Station 2 200 Director Office 3 150 Assoc. Director Office 2 150 Work/Supply Room 150 Books Conference Room 250 General Book Stacks 300,00040,000 General Seating Main Reading Room 8,000 Technical Processes Small Medium Reading Areas 3,000 Acquisitions Dep't 2 600 Carrels w/ Computer 1,000 Catalog Dep't. 2 600 Carrels w/ Computer Hook-up 2,500 Processing Dep't. 600 Serials Dep't. 1 600 Director of Tech. Svcs. 3 150 Receiving/Shipping 1 600 Media Services Periodicals 1,5001,500 A/V Library 8,4004,000 Miscellaneous Viewing Rooms 1,000 Staff Lounge 300 Special Collection/Gov't. Docs 250800 Public Toilets 2,000 Reference/Retrieval Desk 200 Mechanical Rm 3 2,400 Conservation Space 200 Elevator Rm 100 Microform Library 550,0001,000 Electrical Closet 100 Viewing Room 1,000 Telecommunication Rm 100 Custodial Rm 6 300 Public Elevators Net Total 860150Gross Total 1032180 Space Utilization Chart
CHAPTER FOUR: SITE SELECTION PROCESS puses of University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee and New The decision to site this project on the campuses of the Uni versity of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee and New College of several reasons: in The Academic Setting Those involved in an academic project to be a teaching example to students and faculty to invest University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee New College of Florida
them this project as a living example of good sustainable design and City of Sarasota Natural Context Three sites were selected on the campuses for the possibil mapped and analytically described to select the most suitable site for sites are as followed: Site One o Centrality Centrally located on campus Site One
Centrally located on the proposed Bay walk o Context Historic College Hall and Cook Hall Sarasota Bay Uplands Shoreline Area o Access Vehicular College Drive Pedestrian Dort Promenade + Bay walk o Space o Environmental Limited southern exposure Access to bay breeze Site Two o Centrality Central to the College Drive Campus Central to Dort Promenade o Context Historic College Hall and Cook Hall Sarasota Bay Uplands Shoreline Area o Access Vehicular College Drive Pedestrian Dort Promenade + Bay walk o Space Site Two
o Environmental Northern exposure Site Three o Centrality Centrally located on the USF campus Located at north end of Bay walk o Context Nature preserve New USF Campus Building o Access Vehicular Tamiami Trail Pedestrian Bay walk o Space o Environmental Access to bay breeze the campus and the proposed Bay walk that will connect the cur Site Three
site for the library will be a precedent for future development of
CHAPTER FIVE: SITE ANALYSIS Site Analysis
Access access to this site were one of the deciding factors for selecting the indicate that the site will receive much western sun exposure from View Site Analysis 31
The blue arrows are representing the direction of the breeze crucial to provide passive cooling for occupants in outdoor or in The selected site has close proximity to major local land is the famous Ringling Museum of Art including the Ringling man identify these challenges in order to develop strategies to improve Site Analysis
Scale The program for the project calls for a rather large building when compared to the existing contextual buildings on the Historical Context The site is situated in close proximity existing context or make it a stark contrast? Environmental Context The site is situated on a beautiful natural Florida landscape which includes several palm trees and a environment in a way that showcases and preserves the natural en built environment should only complement the natural environment College Hall 33
Images Aerial Photos of Site 34
Panoramic Photo of Site 35
CHAPTER SIX: INITIAL DESIGN IDEOGRAMS The intent of the following initial design ideograms is not cally describe the secondary ideas that are important to incorporate out all stages of the design and will reinforce the main design One of the main objectives of the design program is to al low opportunities for users to enjoy the outside environment while How to protect the books from outdoor conditions? How to se cure the books to the premises? How to cool the occupants? The for users to enjoy while solving some of the challenges that arise Elevated Exterior Spaces 36
highlight important views as well as make as little impact as pos sible on the natural environment by elevating portions of the build be paid to the existing historical buildings that are currently sur Proper circulation of users and material is a key to a well where students and faculty are frequently navigating from one re Flow: Space + Circulation Building as a Frame 37
Another important layer of circulation is that the journey should The traditional volume for the library building type is a I believe that the strategy behind a sealed box or closed container is to just surrender to the fact that this building type is an energy to open the volume up to introduce ways to minimize the build what is inside and what is outside will allow the built environment end result will be a more enjoyable space and place for end users as well as a building that is minimizing its impact on the environ Just Say No to Closed Containers 38
be to prioritize these ideas as well as other drivers of the project to
CHAPTER SEVEN: CONCEPTUAL DESIGN Duality the duality between the past and present evolu south and north Collecting the collecting of people to a gathering space; Flow Initial Conceptual Sketches
The preceding conceptual drivers and the initial design ideo structure creates an implied frame which would frame the view of variables: Initial Conceptual Model 41
Final Conceptual Model: Multiple Views presses the advancements the library is taking toward technology that remains constant is the natural environment and the human de This creates an ever constant relation to the central courtyard from will see that the cantilevered structure frames the central courtyard as well as the view of the landscape beyond and the Sarasota Bay
This conceptual model will be my jumping off point to sche 43
CHAPTER EIGHT: SCHEMATIC DESIGN I began the schematic design process with a schematic plan to represent the two forms in different colors to explain that there The sketch represents the courtyard to be naturally land A large part of the courtyard will be shaded by the south mass for This sketch also started to resolve one of the challenges I clearly explores the design concepts laid out and begins an evolu 44 Schematic Plan Sketch
Sketch Model: Multiple Views 45
To address the challenges of the historical context and to fur with the same proportion and be of a materiality with a similar light At this stage of the design process I am dealing out the li out of the south side of the building will be reading areas of various views of both the campus and Sarasota Bay will be accessible from While sustainable design principles are also beginning to 46 ...the design of this project, in every aspect, is relative to the main goals and foci for this thesis...
to have a solid mass south facing to protect from the southern sun structure will be a green roof which continues at an angle to reach will give the appearance of the earth being cut away and lifted up to courtyard is also lifted slightly to accommodate a plinth below the to limit the height and scale of the building and also to limit the the entry level will have the opportunity to have partial landscaped 47 Schematic Section Sketches
Openings in the courtyard level will allow the spaces in the plinth to landscaped courtyard above the plinth and a unique environment be low where a typical library programs meets the exterior conditions planning process allowed me to further explore the differences be pragmatic functions: 48
Schematic Plan Sketch
Schematic South Elevation Sketch
CHAPTER NINE: DESIGN PROPOSITION + CONCLUSION be thought of as a starting off point for discussion and interpreta and debate to constantly evolve and revise it to an even better de is impossible to discuss every aspect of the project as it generally is is the most current evolution of my initial design concepts and ideo created this current evolution of the design: Duality + the Natural Environment mal elements of the project represent: 51 Proposed Design Model: Aerial View
of these elements possess: formal elements of the project were designed to function in different Though these two formal dualities are different in several Proposed Design Model: Aerial
53 Site Plan
Dort Promenade (this area is the proposed center of campus with courtyard users see the library in the distance and the beginning of view also provides the framed view of the existing context includ run perpendicular to the courtyard so users can always relate to the tection from the southern sun while still allowing day lighting and ing rooms can be enjoyed both in conditioned air or natural venti 54 Proposed Design Model: Entry
and rotated to close off the reading room from the air conditioned The north wing also greets users with a generous lobby and The southern walls of this promenade are lined with a series of piv doors and louvers can be opened to convert the promenade into a The space can also be opened up to the exterior shaded patio of the The user or general public that continues straight through to 55 Proposed Design Model: Courtyard
56 Proposed Design Model: Courtyard
can sit and socialize or study or continue through to the Bay Walk or Users who chose to walk up the green roof ramp toward the second level of the north wing will be greeted with a view down choose to walk inside toward the learning commons remain outside the entire courtyard and a gaze into the massive south wing through ther way they will be blown away by the panoramic views of either 57 Proposed Design Model: Exterior Patio
58 Proposed Design Model: Southwest Corner
Ground Floor Plan
Ground Floor Spatial Diagram
First Floor Plan 61
First Floor Spatial Diagram
Second Floor Plan 63
Second Floor Spatial Diagram 64
Third Floor Plan 65
Third Floor Spatial Diagram 66
Section a-a 67
68 Proposed Design Model: Aerial from Northwest
both library users and the general public the opportunity to have of the project already exhibits many opportunities for humans to interact with nature while experiencing the architecture of the built ...a built environment can harmoniously with our natural environment...
is a special experience that occurs when one picks a book off of a Now that I have had a chance to look back at the current create a deeper vertical sun shade while still allowing the view and for users to interact and experience the architecture without actually This journey would be a of a built environment not interrupting nature, but instead, embracing it.
My hope for this project is that it would allow people to ex perience their natural environment in their everyday life and build of nature would be enough to place a desire in the public to protect 71 ...nature... will only be a constant throughout time if we take care of it now
New College of Florida Sunsets
REFERENCES CITED Nagasaki University of Foreign Studies. The Growth of Academic Library System. New Delhi: Wikipedia. 73
BIBLIOGRAPHY Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Planet U. Canada: Architectural Record. The Green Building Revolution 74