Terror management and self-enhancement

Citation
Terror management and self-enhancement

Material Information

Title:
Terror management and self-enhancement the moderating role of self-esteem and need for closure
Creator:
Heflick, Nathan A
Place of Publication:
[Tampa, Fla]
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
God
Mortality
Feedback
Self-liking
Self-verification
Dissertations, Academic -- Psychology -- Masters -- USF ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Abstract:
ABSTRACT: Terror management theory posits that self-esteem ultimately protects people from death anxiety. Much research has demonstrated that individuals reminded of death tend to self-enhance. However, more recent research suggests that need for closure and self-esteem might moderate these findings, but no research has directly tested this. It was hypothesized that for people high in self-esteem, mortality salience will not affect self-enhancement. However, for individuals low in self-esteem, it will either increase enhancement (if low in closure) or increase verification (if high in closure). These hypotheses were fully supported using Christian's perceptions of God's love as the dependent variable. Implications for terror management theory, self-verification theory, and religious belief are discussed.
Thesis:
Thesis (M.A.)--University of South Florida, 2009.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System Details:
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
General Note:
Title from PDF of title page.
General Note:
Document formatted into pages; contains 30 pages.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Nathan A. Heflick.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
002029665 ( ALEPH )
437033906 ( OCLC )
E14-SFE0002966 ( USFLDC DOI )
e14.2966 ( USFLDC Handle )

Postcard Information

Format:
Book

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
record xmlns http:www.loc.govMARC21slim xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.loc.govstandardsmarcxmlschemaMARC21slim.xsd
leader nam 2200385Ka 4500
controlfield tag 001 002029665
005 20090918145005.0
007 cr bnu|||uuuuu
008 090918s2009 flu s 000 0 eng d
datafield ind1 8 ind2 024
subfield code a E14-SFE0002966
035
(OCoLC)437033906
040
FHM
c FHM
049
FHMM
090
BF121 (Online)
1 100
Heflick, Nathan A.
0 245
Terror management and self-enhancement :
b the moderating role of self-esteem and need for closure
h [electronic resource] /
by Nathan A. Heflick.
260
[Tampa, Fla] :
University of South Florida,
2009.
500
Title from PDF of title page.
Document formatted into pages; contains 30 pages.
502
Thesis (M.A.)--University of South Florida, 2009.
504
Includes bibliographical references.
516
Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format.
3 520
ABSTRACT: Terror management theory posits that self-esteem ultimately protects people from death anxiety. Much research has demonstrated that individuals reminded of death tend to self-enhance. However, more recent research suggests that need for closure and self-esteem might moderate these findings, but no research has directly tested this. It was hypothesized that for people high in self-esteem, mortality salience will not affect self-enhancement. However, for individuals low in self-esteem, it will either increase enhancement (if low in closure) or increase verification (if high in closure). These hypotheses were fully supported using Christian's perceptions of God's love as the dependent variable. Implications for terror management theory, self-verification theory, and religious belief are discussed.
538
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
590
Advisor: Jamie L. Goldenberg, Ph.D.
653
God
Mortality
Feedback
Self-liking
Self-verification
690
Dissertations, Academic
z USF
x Psychology
Masters.
773
t USF Electronic Theses and Dissertations.
4 856
u http://digital.lib.usf.edu/?e14.2966



PAGE 1

nrn rn n"n #n $"n% &'r (%)n*+,%$ )-.,%$ *,%$ $""' //,0112 -3n,',+,!,! 4"0112,

PAGE 2

5rn,r6+7*'/nrn8n9rn2%"//,$%/0/:$5n"./;nrn/9n"n/<5n"r6/20008

PAGE 3

nrn rn .r nn"nn" ""n =n'n 3',n nnn, 53 ">""n,n 3 n 3','3n,3 n?3@'?@ "3""7""+7' "'5n"nn,'

PAGE 4

/ 5 nrn +('n ',"," '"3 +n" ?-!"!,rA-,/222@,(!nn",n?-!"!,/22<@ 3""3 n'+'5,3',3 n 'n3"'3 n ?-!"!,/22<@.33'3n3'+?""'+ nn@B nnn""'?+,% >>!A rn,/2<;@,n''+'3n',nn r"", nn?,$ ,0118@" n?,$,+,Arn,0111@ n n3'3?A+,/222C n),/229@""n """"n= ?,*,

PAGE 5

0 011:@,n"'3nn= ?, +,011<@ 3',"!n"n3 n"n,nn n3'3?,A+,/222@ 'n?3n n@n'3r, '?r6Cr3,/2<8@, ,"""n="n ','3n,"" "' n"'n'?'nC =Ar3,/228Cr3 D>A,/220@.n" n ?*,011:C$AD,011/Crn,/222@, ""3'3'3 3n"?,3n' n"'@5n""+7', nn'3n'3+ ', ''3,,"'"n 53,5nn ="""n''"5 '?@ """" 3"' 'n+7'n5,53n"?@""n3

PAGE 6

8 ,?@'3n,"n nn3n''' 3 n n"3 "" n''3,n ?.n, /2;<@,?*3,/29<@? ,/228@5,""'"'n 33 n"?6A 011:@,'?%>>!,/2<0@, 3="?nA,/2<;@ n ?A,/29E@',3"""F G'n"',"3 ,n"'" 37n ?,%n,A),0110@ .3!.!,?/29/H/290@nn ?C+,rnA%>>!,/2<;@""" n'"n," nn =3,3" n #""nn3 n3"',n' # ,3nn!n3' n"nn3""' ',"" !3"3n*?)n,/210,

PAGE 7

: "/:/@"=",F ID5'B5""3' 3nBG 5">,n'" 3'?3'3@.'" ,n'"3.n n ,n'nnn? Fn!G3nn@Hnn, 3 3' J'0E1'"""'nnn ?+,011<@5""3'3n n, ""nn?n@3 3'3?,,+,%>>!Arn,0110@ ""&r3n,n"'' ",nn""'&r3?%>>!,011;@,3 &r?+,/221@3nn &r"""3?+,rn,% ArnA %>>!,/22E@%"n!, +,?/22<@n'3'3 r",""3'""n n ""3"'3D!,nn5,n3! n"?,n"+KKK3F'G F"G@

PAGE 8

E 3""7?n,011>!, 0110@,3'' nn,'!?,!'Cn, A !,0118@',n ?!A,0110@n? ,n 3"'"!C$,0118@5 ,(! 3'3,""7n ? rn,ADn,011<@=" ""F'Gn n n? !A+,0112@

PAGE 9

; ,n3 7 ?,!A,0110@""3n 5n",3', nnn n .3,5=""n" n"nn 3"""n n3 .,'nn n 3r,3"nB,3'3 n'n?A +, /222@ n),rn,+,%>>!rn?/229@ ""7n"'n3!%"3 n"n33'3C3 ', '"'3!53", n"""n" 3 ,'""3" n "n?*A+,011;@3 ?@n ""n r,"nn""'"' ?,!,/22E@r,3n"""n3 n","3 '?3'3n'3n'@5,

PAGE 10

9 '!n7nn 3'3 3 nn?nn'n "nn@,3n' n" '33,"n 3 n'n"n,"n '?r3,3A+,0118@ .>*!?/2:E@,'?r6r 3, /2<9@"'n'3 nn'' n, 'nnn?," n@ 3','3n,' 373'n r6?r3,/2<8@,""',="n,""n5n"n ''!33=",3n,"5,n,3 ',n!, 3"n" r3, 3+?0118,""8;<@3 %"7'3"3"' n="r""7'3,

PAGE 11

< 3'""nn!33 ?,r3,%nA-,/2<2@3"''',3r6,"n ""!"'"?r 3,%nA -,/2<2@5,n"n! '"'!nnnn# ,n!nn3n?r 3, D>,-A%n,/221@,3n3 "7'33"7'3 '' n?.!Ar,/222C$*Ar3,/22<@J",3",""3 'n?r3A,/2
PAGE 12

2 D*,n="nn'n ,3'!3'"?-!AD,/22;@''n' ",,',nn 'n, "" 3'3C'n'3 ?$,/22<@,"n""?$(!,'-"",-!Ar",/22;@''" ?r,-!,An",/22<@','n!"'3? ),0119@, nn?r,0110@ "" n'3?''3@n3 ,3 'n nn"3'3"'"" 3 ,"""' "n ,nn?+,/22/@3nn"nn =?$ )A'-""?011/@,* ?011:@n ,3 n"',n?* ,011;@ ,"n "?-A6.,0118@,#'" ?,........C$AD,0110@

PAGE 13

/1 "'?rn,/22<@*, n"""n?,*,011:@, ?,rn,011:@,3' "n,n" 3 "''3n?,+,011<@ nn"n 3', 3!3?, n),/229@""n"nn33'3,,7,n n""?"" nn @5,nn "n nn?,*,011:@Cr6" n ''?,r3,/2<0@ >,5 ">""n33 ?3@'3n, "n ,3'3.,"" 3n 3,3

PAGE 14

// %'n3 nn"n?n" ",.Ar3,/222@.533" '3n,5"3 ""? L /01@'=n+7'n"nn?7n,/2;EC+ ,!, A*,0118C!n",Ar3,/22E@=n3n"3"n,3 n"'n'3 3n,FnM 3? 3@+7'G!nn? L:E"' n,08'n@,n3 """n?,n"" n3 "'n3'n@ "n %"3/:E?E1n@"" .n"3," "3 n33FBGn #n3n3 "",""3n'3 '"

PAGE 15

/0 "n 3="n?, @"n n?3,3@"" 3 ""n3n" 3 r*!r ."',"" n"
PAGE 16

/8 "G""n!"""3" # "3r+7' =,n""7'3+7' ""3n3n "?,FnM 3?3@ +7'G@=,""3n3 n "#,Fn5( 3 3+'3nG,F5' n 'n3+n,G,FnnG#3*! 2 "?/LC2L@# n ?NL<;@

PAGE 17

/: 3' 3+,5"nn"n n" nn"'3 n "'5n"/,30 3 83,,:3' nn? L0/@,n? L28@,' n, # L8E, L/9, L18,n" # LE;, L0/, O1/%"n3"'n' n ,n,"" n ""35,"" ? P:@,:3? L00@ $ :3"",5=n ">3,!,n ""=""''n ""3"'n,38 3 3,nn, # L<:, L8/, O 1/n"'"" n, 33n? P8@,3 ""33n,3 n # L:/, L/:, O1/r",3n

PAGE 18

/E "",3nn? n@3 3n"", # L:E, L0:, L1:<5, 3n""3 3 "'n?'@33 # L ::, L0/, L1:?/@ 5=n3n"" 3n'? P8@,83 ? P8@,'n, # LE;, L0:, O1:%" n33n""3 # L/2, L19, O10

PAGE 19

/; $ 53#3nn3'3 '+?-!"!,/22<@3?+,rnA%>'>!,/2<;@,5">nn ,""3n "n.3r6?r3,/2<8@,3!n"n ?$A-!,0110@,'3n?@,"n'n, 'r"""3"3n ""3"'n3+7' 5, 'n,,3 "n.,""3n,, 'n 33?'@","" 3 nn?@33 5n,""3n'3 ', n3"?-!"!,/22<@ 3','n !n'?-!"!,/22<@"3 "3'+,n'"'n3=r", n''?@'3+ '5nn3,(!n 3'"?,$Ar3,/22<@,n +7'n'

PAGE 20

/9 3',n3,""n'n 3'?,'n' @ ""!"nn'?(!''3" n@"',!' 3+ n3"n?,, !3@ ,(33n,"" n'3!= ?3!"n=@''! 3 nnn,3n33n +7 ,""="3 3 ('3=?,,0110@!3""3 F3G 3n?.)nn@5. 3='''n,3 n ''F#G)nn,3',3,3=',3! n'n,3nn',,! 3 ""n.,!"" ""n,3"""" n',""""'' nn'n"nn?+,%>>!Arn,/2<;@

PAGE 21

/< ""n n "n?!A,/22<@ n ?3@n3 '3 ? n),/229@3,,"3!, nn nn n n'3n' n ',3!nn' "n,3'"3n '?, ,*,011;@n "3 n 3',3!n""?''3n@3r" '3n,n n'n3"'!' 3 '="n"! n n 3n ,n=r", ',3n,' n"n3 3>$-!?011:@ 3',!

PAGE 22

/2 3!,3""n3'n35,n3 'n"n 5n n=n" ,5 n'nn,3',3 nn""'n ? P/0@,""" %nn nn""n 3,'n 3',!r6,3" ',3 !n '7"nnn!nn!' n 3""'"n 3'""3!'3! ""n!''3 "' '3n",3n', 3! ', ," 3r3,5'""' '"n.,'n'"3" ''",3

PAGE 23

01 ",""3'' "3 +!,,3n'' n','nn?!' 3@3'3n"'3" nnn.5"n n ","'n ',33 ? LE;@, """"'n,(!3n n" &'& $-!?011:@'n ,,""n!?n@3n""',5' n3"''!33 n,$,)'-""?011/@ ""n3!nn 3"'',""n3' "" ""3n" n""3n 3', 3!,"!'n "n"nnn,nn ?5 "n@,3

PAGE 24

0/ ,""3'' n5 '3"n?!@, n?'3@ 3','3"n" ,> >

PAGE 25

00 '="n"3"nnnn' nn"?3'@ n" 3',n"n'"n?+,011<@,3', '3nnn"nn n ,r","" n nn'"nn,'= 3+7'

PAGE 26

08 !,$,->,*,.,$*,M!,)A6,$r?/22E@ %,'' ( "n"nr)*r <1:<0E ,)A+,)?/222@nn "''3'3 "n "n+ ,,/88//8:/ .n,?/2;<@ $ 3M! ,AD .!,?/290@ 3M!% .!,?/29/@ n 3M!% .,),Ar3,D.?/222@r!,n"#' "n"n+ ,-r /081/0:/ .!,%),Ar,)?/222@nnn' n "n/r), ,8:98;; n",)$,",%$, >,r),->,5,*',*A*n,$ ?/22;@r"n,", ("n"nr01 ,/://E; !,),*,-,",*A.',?0118@ 3nn (" n "nr*-r <2:21< $,,+,),,)Arn,)?0111@nn '"n "nn (n"nr21r
PAGE 27

0: $,,),),A'-"",?0111@$nnn "n")%r% 92,208280 $,,),),A'-"",?011/@D'3' n=n nn&"n" $,A%>>!,?0110@ %nrn &"&'(n,(n, $,,%>>!,,,),n,r,r,-,'-"", $A),)?0118@*nnn'nn"n ( "n"nr*3r 900989 $*,,r3,D.?/22<@%'n n ("n"nr0-r 89:8<0 ,+?/22/@''n('3 (4 n+r2,r <122 ,6,!,?/229@"(n nnnn ( "n"nr02r 8;28<1 n,A,Dr?0119@rn

PAGE 28

0E 3 (5n "n ,:8,92:<1/ +,)*,,r,%>>!,,+,),Arn?0111@ nn" n3 ("n "nr06r //>!,Arn,r?/2<;@# rnnn5.n? @, ".n ?""/<20/0@3M!r"6 +,),%>>!,,rn,r,,,6,,-!,r,A *,$?/221@'nn55n33'3 ( "n"nr-*r 81<8/< +,),rn,*,%,),rn,rA%>>!,?/22E@' nnn """n n"n+r,7 ,/00//00< n),,rn,*,+,),%>>!,Arn,r?/229@ r""nn'3n' nn ("n "n 0,r 0:8;

PAGE 29

0; !,,A+,)*?0112@ 8.nn9 n4.nn """ &'r =,)+,Ar3,D.?/228@D"Br ("n "nr)3r 8E:8 ,6?/228@rn"n" 5 DrA 3?@, :nn D )n,D?/210@ 5n 3M! -!"!,*?/22<@+n n n"n+ ,0:,2;/298 -!"!,*,r,$),A-,r*?/222@*," ", "'"3+ (n";r 7) ,E/8E00 -n,)A ,MD?/2<9@n,nn "nn;:r63 ,0//00< -!,D?/22<@-3"5$. A-!,D?@, n"n<: ?""/12/:/@ nn&'% -!,DA,?/2<8@>> n""n,"n

PAGE 30

09 (5n"nr76r ::<:;< *,,+,),rn,r,%>>!,A,?011;@D3 nn,n' n ("n"nr61r <92<20 *,,),,+,),%>>!,,,,+,)*A rn,r?011:@nnn3 ("n"nr*0 ,/210/1 *3,*?/29<@r3' ($ n"nr7*r 0<80<2 *!,%?/2:E@ nn9$ 3M!.! *,,D, A,-?/222@ 5",n ("n ,EE8 E;0 +, ,*n,)$,rn,r,+,),,),rn,*,A %>>!,?/22<@nn'nn'3'3 ("n"nr03r E21;1E !,A,6?0110@n 'n= +n $n"nr,3r 0;/09/ ,$,A,?/29E@r' "nn+r*, ,0/800E ,$',rA ,-?/228@=n3 "=,n= +

PAGE 31

0< "nnnr27r ::2:E1 n,)-A,?/2<;@$'"nn = n' ("n"nr-7 ,/01>!,?/2<0@'"3n ( ;n"r7)r 8<;822 %>>!,,,,rn,r,+,),,AD,$ ?011;@,nnnnr' =' "n"n+r2, ,E0EE89 %>>!,,+,)A+,)*n'+3 ="5*)%?@, 4.= % ?""8/:8:8@3M!+% rn,),rn,*,+,),%>>!,,rn,r,D=n!,),A ,)?/222@r""""'"'n"!" ( "n"nr00r 21E20; r!,Ar,)?/229@r'3, 3,3,35 %

PAGE 32

02 Q?@, $n5nn ?602,""0120;2@ 3M!n% r,.A,%?/228@FDn5BDn5BGr n,""n ("n "nr)-r 9;29<1 rn,.,A,rnn n' 3'3 n"n+r27r ;E<;;9 rn,), ,),Dn,),A),)?"@5 3n B''3'3 ("n"n r3,D.?/2<8@r'.n 5)rA++3?@ "nnn ?6 0,""88;;@ ,)n r3,D.?/2<9@5D3n (" n"nr-2r /18
PAGE 33

81 (5n"nr70r 8E/890 r3,D,3,%)A+,)r?0118@r' 5*A)%?$ >r4.=% 3M!+% r3,D.,,*,A%>,)?0111@'5 n"' ("n "nr 06r 0890E1 r3,D.,D>,,A,D?/220@$" ''''' ( $."nr717r 8/:89/ n.,JA,6A!,?/222@n"n !'nnnn ( "n"nr0) ,8E:E 6,-$A ,?011:@n" "n3n""5n" "" n!r,, ,/;

printinsert_linkshareget_appmore_horiz

Download Options

close
Choose Size
Choose file type
Cite this item close

APA

Cras ut cursus ante, a fringilla nunc. Mauris lorem nunc, cursus sit amet enim ac, vehicula vestibulum mi. Mauris viverra nisl vel enim faucibus porta. Praesent sit amet ornare diam, non finibus nulla.

MLA

Cras efficitur magna et sapien varius, luctus ullamcorper dolor convallis. Orci varius natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Fusce sit amet justo ut erat laoreet congue sed a ante.

CHICAGO

Phasellus ornare in augue eu imperdiet. Donec malesuada sapien ante, at vehicula orci tempor molestie. Proin vitae urna elit. Pellentesque vitae nisi et diam euismod malesuada aliquet non erat.

WIKIPEDIA

Nunc fringilla dolor ut dictum placerat. Proin ac neque rutrum, consectetur ligula id, laoreet ligula. Nulla lorem massa, consectetur vitae consequat in, lobortis at dolor. Nunc sed leo odio.