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Detailed geochemical investigation of the mineralogic associations of arsenic and antimony within the Avon park Formatio...

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Material Information

Title:
Detailed geochemical investigation of the mineralogic associations of arsenic and antimony within the Avon park Formation, central Florida implications for aquifer storage and recovery
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Dippold, Angela C
Publisher:
University of South Florida
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Pyrite
Trace metal
Carbonates
Hydrogeology
Mineral stability
Dissertations, Academic -- Geology -- Masters -- USF   ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Summary:
ABSTRACT: The mineralogic associations of arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb) were investigated for the Avon Park Formation (APF) in central Florida to determine its viability for aquifer storage and recovery (ASR). Rock samples were taken from fourteen different cores and samples were taken according to core length, interval samples, and based on areas suspected to contain high levels of arsenic and antimony, such as molds, dissolution fractures, pyrite, clays, and organic matter, targeted samples. Permeable samples were also taken from high permeability zones. In total 373 samples were described in hand specimen and analyzed for bulk rock chemistry. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry and hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry were used to determine Fe, Al, Si, Mg, Ca, S, P, Mn, Sr, Mo, As, and Sb in bulk samples, while electron-probe microanalysis was used to analyze Sb, As, Fe, S, Zn, Ca, Mo in discrete minerals.The mineralogic and geochemical investigation showed: (1) bulk As and Sb concentrations within the APF are low; (2) As values range from < 0 .1 to 30.8 mg/kg and Sb from < 0.1 to 6.76 mg/kg; (3) average values are 2.24 mg/kg As and 0.28 mg/kg Sb; (4) pyrite is present as framboids, hollow framboid rings, "honeycomb" pseudo-framboids, small irregularly shaped pieces with topography, and euhedral crystals; it is typically associated with oxidized organic laminations, fractures, and molds; (5) the framboid rings may have been precipitated by a bacteria making them biogenic; (6) euhedral pyrites contain significantly less As than other morphologies while irregular pyrites have the most; (7) individual pyrites range from < 0.1 to 5820 mg/kg As while Sb ranges from < 0.1 to 2470 mg/kg; (8) the samples from zones of high permeability have lower As and Sb averages than those of the other samples: 1.02 mg/kg As and 0.15 mg/kg Sb versus 1.32 mg/kg As and 0.19 mg/kg Sb for interval and 3.16 mg/kg As and 0.37 mg/kg Sb for targeted samples;(9) As is found mainly in pyrite but is possibly from organic matter and clay; (10) overall As concentrations and correlations may be low but individual cores and zones have high values; (11) the APF has appropriately permeable zones for ASR; (12) the success of ASR in the APF formation depends on the degree of geochemical alterations, presence of competing anions and simple organic ligands, and the amount of trace metals sorbed to surfaces versus coprecipitated.
Thesis:
Thesis (M.S.)--University of South Florida, 2009.
Bibliography:
Includes bibliographical references.
System Details:
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System Details:
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
Statement of Responsibility:
by Angela C. Dippold.
General Note:
Title from PDF of title page.
General Note:
Document formatted into pages; contains 101 pages.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 002063193
oclc - 555963086
usfldc doi - E14-SFE0002992
usfldc handle - e14.2992
System ID:
SFS0027309:00001


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+= ($8,%*nnnnC$nn n!r%nnnnn n%(!nn n!r*rn%#1 %" 5"n%%" "$% "$%" "$% %n"$%nnn 5F8 ,%<;<8,%A,%8>->,%8+A,%+A=-,%,A9+,%8<9-,%98A%,8 =+^%=;<8^ nn* #8< ,%=A;;,%=A8>,%A,+8,%=<,<,%,,><,%,+8A,%+,+,%8 AA<,%+98#Cnrrnn #+, ,%A8>A,%<=9=,%8;;=,%+88<,%,>=8,%8;8+,%-8><,% >988,%9=>"rn*n*!r #++ ,%989<,%>>,%;=,+,%;->A,%,A+;,%+==>,%9,>>,%9A 9+,%A,<8 "nnrrn*n*rn!nnnr!nnnr #+= ,%-98+ ,%-9,; ?%=-<@ ,%-;== ?%8,>=@ ,%-,AA ?%,><>@ %+8A8 ?%+--A@,%+++A,%;+=A,%+A;,%A+,8#Cr nn #+> ,%A-A<,%A->A,%;-;8,%<8-9,%,,8,%,8;8,%=;=<,%9 8=9,%>+,8 #Crnn* n #;,%>>98,%>-<=,%===8,%>-8A ,%<<<> ?%8>8-@ %,;,> ?%8+9=@,%->;+,%-;+-,%>=>>n!nnr !nnnr #<,%=+;9,%=<8,%;9<-,%<<<+,%+;+8,%;,=A,%-,;,%A; +9,%A=--7nn!nnnr #= ,%>9,= ,%>99?%A++@,%-;;>,%99;9,%,A8+,%,A-=,%8+;;,%,+<=,% 8<=@,%-8>;,%-+8=,%9;-=,%A>=A,%>8>A,%A,8<, %;8-"r!nn!nrnnnr (#>9<,%>>9;,%9+<8,%=-+-,%+A=-,%89==,%A=+-,% ;+9>,%8;>-n!nnnr (#-F+ ,%<8AA,%<,99,%+>;-,%=,A<,%,=+8,%,A9+,%<>=,%89;,%<->= nnr*$*Gn!nnnr (#"F8 ,%<98A,%<>
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+A =%;%8nrn*3*n"!*(nnn%" !nnnr*nnr3*n"!*?($88@%("!*$nn* %"%(n$nn3*n r*%"%($88%nrnnnn$*n"!*2r n 3*nn!% "n "!*3*n (n,%+<>>,%A98+,%>9 ,%+=+87G,%A(,%+;A;7G,%-= r$ ,%;=-A7G7G (n,%+A7G,%+A (,%;,A+7G,%8; r$ ,%+A-87G7G (n,%;+>;,%=99;,%;= ,%+A<-7G,%;+ (,%;+<87G,%89 r$ ,%<8A=7G7G =%
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+> ($!rn"$n! *!"$!?!+9@%( 0n* $n;%,rG*nnn n"$% (nnn*n!n! 0! nn!Frn%(nCn*!n n%(Cnrn0rn ;r rnnnCn8n+r%(n#;-$!n nCr*?;,%;>%;9%-rG@*nr $n*8%-rG% ($!rnnnnnn%6n!n$nnnn n0*n?#<-(#@%nnn!rn n !*nrnnn!%

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+!+9%$!nnnn?rG@$n* %4!r$#nr** !%

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;< ($8;%(rnnnn$nn*$nn* nnnrnnn%n "r (4n6!r$n!1 3n F nr$(n2nnn 589,9(+8;nnrrn!r13r0 5899=(8+8+,<898+!r.Fnnr*n0C (#-F+9A=(=8<888!nnn*rn0Crnnn (#-F+99;(88+n0Cnrrnnn! #++ 8,,=(88 #++-<<(-+88+rn!nnr #++-=<(98>rn #=8,>+(8A8An!! #=88,9(8+88=n* #=8+;88+;A**rnnr #+>88A;(+8++<%=(<8=r$n!nn*n #+>8++>(;+8A*nn0Cnr!rrnr0 #8<8+<>(A++888+*nnr$n #+,8+;;(<;9nrn #+,8;;;(88!rrn

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;= ($8;n!% #+,8;;=(>>nn!nn$n!$ #+,8;<,(88!rrnnrn0Cnr #+,8;A<(9+88+8;nrn$nn!n!!nnr$ #8;8;+<(==*nnr$n"!r #8;8;-=(88rr0n!n r #8;8<>;(>>nnnrnrn (#"F 88,>,(A=88nnnr$n (#"F 888;>%=(A+8-n*nnnn $n (#8(>+8,nnrr0nnr #*-72A38978724A372

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;A =%=%+1nnn$n*n0rn!%(nrn!0rnn!n"$ nr?1@r$n!%nr 1 nrn!"nnrn"1?5 r! %8--=$@%(r$nnr!"1%6 n!n"n*rnr n0 "%$!nn"nr*nn$nn nn6%!rnnr n$nrnr%n0 "0 n"%(rnn!n!nrnn$$n!n n!n"%"!!! !$!n0n* nnnnr?nC8--@%nn$*r!

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;9 *"$nn?0<@%!r"n*nn%n* nr r$!nn!n !n!n% =%=%;"rn!?"1< +F@r*rn nn0nr$!"?P5@nnr n0nn?nrn"*C8--,@%nnnr$!n!n$!rn!$ n rnnnrn!n%(rn!nr*! nr n"!%($*n"n"* rn! n"n!nnr%nnr0n" n *n*"*n!n* n$* "$?!+-@%(nn %(6 nr$!nr*n!$nn r ?09@%

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;n!n$* 31 !?%+,,<@%(nr??13@;@! 3n@%(31*nnn6 %*nnr!$!$!! n%( r$nr*!nn0n%1 **n0Cnr31%(rnn"#$ n**nnn0C%("#nnn! nnr31n0Cnnnr % !!n!nnr$%=%AB!#nn!n*nrn !nnn % ($!6r!rn"$$nn* nn%($!6nn*nrnnn*n*nr0r%(rn!n r*!nr$!n%(nrn!nn 6nn*0nn31* %(31 nnr!nrnn% !rn$n*%nr!rnnn8 n+ rnn"rn!n"n**!?($8<@%( n8nr*!%( n*

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<= n!nnr1n*!n nn rr%

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9; 08n!% 89,>9 #+,8++rn*rnnG$J$n nnnJ0n rnn*nr*nrn0Cn$r$J !CJn!G$nn*n$r$%%rnnr$ r$Fndnn 89,>9 #+,8+;;!r *rn*nnrnnnnrFnrnJr$nFnQJnrrnFrnnr*Q 89,>9 #+,8+;9 r0FnJrnJ !CJrnnr$r?@rnnrn$rn 89,>9 #+,8+<;!! nnrn*nn !Jnn$GG$n*!n*F* QJnn*n*G$ rJnrnnJn$r$Fnn*$G$Jnrrn*!rrnnrn!Jr$ 89,>> #+,8+=;! n*nnr %nnrn*Q 89,>9 #+,8+=-! rn*nrnnJnrJ*rn* !CJnn*G$rJ$F%nnrn 89,>9 #+,8+A> rn*nnrJnrrnQJnr$nrnJ !CJ$F?Q@$n!$%nnrn%! rnQ4 89,>9 #+,8+A-! rnr0*nnrnrnG$nJnrnn?G$@* !CJ*G$nFn$J !C%4n!$rnnrn%! 89,>> #+,8+>;%= rr*nrr%(*n*n%nnrn $%!*Q 89,>9 #+,8+>=!rn*nnrnn!Jnr?n*G*@Jnn*rn%rn* Jrn*rn !CJn$*nnrn$%!rnrn

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9< 08n!% 89,>9 #+,8;,,! rn*nnrnnJnJrnnnrn$%!n 89,>9 #+,8;,9!Grn rn*r0J $Grn?n@n J !CJnG$nJnrG$!Jnr$$n?n@* n$r$nnr n$%!n 89,>9 #+,8;,-!! rn*n0CCn!Jnr?nGQ@nrnCnJrnJnrrnJnnrn$%!!Gn Q 89,>9 #+,8;8=! rn*r0+JrnJrn$nn*F !Cnnr$QJ$nnrJn*n?nnFn*@*rnFnnG$nnrn$%!n$ 89,>9 #+,8;+9 #+,8;+r0*nnFrnn!n!Jn$FnJ*rnF$$G$nFn%4n!$%n 89,>9 #+,8;;;! nn$?@**rnnrn*!Jr0*G$Jnr$nGnJ$$n!!!n!Grnn!Frn!*rJnnn!J $Fn 89,>9 #+,8;;=!J! r0rrnFr!JnrrnnF*G$JnnnJnrnrnnF0!n! 89,>9 #+,8;<,!J! rn*rnJnG$r?n@Jnrrn?rn@ $GG$rnn 89,>9 #+,8;<=! rn**n$nn$G$n Jnn$*r nJnrrn?rn@nn%n

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9= 08n!% 89,>9 #+,8;<>!r rn*nnn*$nrnnnn!Jn$**n$r$%2n%.!%nn $r$Q1 89,>9 #+,8;=A!! rn*nn!rn*rnr?nnQ@nr$Jnrn0Cnn!Jrnn 89,>9 #+,8;=>! rnFnrrn$!r?*G@J !Cn!n!JrrnFrnn$$?Q@Jn%$n!$rn 89,>9 #+,8;A9 #+,8;9+!! rFr!n*rrn$rn?@JG$nnrnJnrn*rnJnrn!n!?rn@Fnn*rn 89,>9 #+,8;9A!! nJnrnJ!rnnn*n$ J !CJnnJ $**rn$!!nr%2nnnF%(nn$Gn 89,>9 #+,8;>8!r rnn$J !rnrn *n*nr !CJnrrnnJn$!?Q@Jrn nF!n* *r0J*RR $nr*nnJn rnn?r@r 89,>9 #+,8;>9 #+,8;>>n$$!JrJ nr!rF nJn$ rn*?n*@$!?Q@JnNr!Fr $nr*nnJnnnn r!r0$*rnJ$! !CJJnr*r

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9A 08n!% 89,>9 #+,8;-,! $*rnFn n%2nnrn*$!?@nn*Jnr*nn* !Cnn?$@*nr $ 89,>9 #+,8<,;*n*rnn*$! 89,>9 #+,8<8>*nGr*rrnn?@Fnrnn*nrrn%"nrrnnr%"nrnnn*Q 89,>9 #+,8<;; !rn!n$*r!r0nnn*nnn $n*n0Cn!n nn*%1Fnr$! 89,>9 #+,8<;= rn!nnnnrn $n*n%$! !nnn*nnnF$! 89;-+ #8;8,>8r*nnnnrn*?nr@n0C$$r !CQQ 89;-+ #8;8,>Ann*rnrn*n*nrn*rnrn !CQQ 89;-+ #8;8,-,r*rn*0$rnn*nnrnrnr**rnrnn*Q 89;-+ #8;88+8$n!$n*nnnn !CFn*GrQ 89;-+ #8;88+9!n*n*nn$!Grnnrn$nFn$nCnnrn0Cnrnnrrnn$nrrnrnQ 89;-+ #8;88+>*n*n*nrnrnFn$nCn*rnnrr !Cnrnrnnn0Cn0CQ

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99 08n!% 89;-+ #8;88;9n!n*$n!! 89;-+ #8;88=-%8*n*nnr?!*@n*n$!Fnnr$FnQnnGQ 89;-+ #8;8+>=!*nnrrn$nnrr*Qn$*n0Cn?31Q@n*nn31 89;-+ #8;8;,>!nG$!*nnFnrnnrnrQ$nnn!n*nr$*r%4n!$

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9> 08n!% 89;-+ #8;8;8;!rnn*nn$nnn*nnF$n!$nr$!n!n!Q 89;-+ #8;8;+8!n*nnnrrn *!$n*$nJnrnnQQ 89;-+ #8;8;+;!r*$G$ nrnn0C$n$G$n*n$%2n nQ 89;-+ #8;8;+8rn!*n*nnrrnFrnnrnrnrrn*Qnnr?n0C@rQ

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908n!% 89;-+ #8;8<>;! !nnrn*nnn0Cr?@nnrnn$?@%nnr 89;-+ #8;8<>=nrrnr*nnnn* 89;-+ #8;8=8
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>, 08n!% 89<=+G (#"F 88,=-!$*r0 rnFr*nnn*nn*rr0Jnrrn$Jnn n!Fnn!J rnrnrrnn!n!$%#nF$F 89<=+G (#"F 88,A+!rn !nnnF*r!nJ0n!nrr0Jr$n* !C 89<=+G (#"F 88,A-! r0r*n*nnrr*nJnrnJrFr$n* !CJ n$Jn*r !nC*n*r0 89<=+G (#"F 88,9,!nnr rn*r0F nJnnrnJ !CJnr$$nQrnJrn$n 89<=+G (#"F 88,9+!nr rnF**n*rr0FnJrn!rnn*$*nrrJ*nn*rnJnnnrFrnnnJnnJ !C n$$n 89<=+G (#"F 88,>,n$ nnFnG*nF rnnr0F n*JnnrJ $n* !CJnnn $nr?@*n$r$ nJnrrn $n!$nrnJ 89<=+G (#"F 88,>; nnn*r !nGr0JrnnFn*$JnnrJ*nrn* $!J !Cn!n! 89<=+G (#"F 88,>-! rn*n$GnnJrnn!n!rnFnJrnnnnrFnNnn!rnnn!rr$Fn nnnJnrrn 89<=+G (#"F 88,-8!r *nF!**nrrn*rnGnnnnrrnJnr*n$!nn 89<=+G (#"F 88,-
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>8 08n!% 89<=+G (#"F 88,--!nr nnFr*rr0J 0rnnnFJnrrnJnr!nnr!nnrnJn!n*rnnnrnnJrn 89<=+G (#"F 888,,!J!rn rnJ!*r*n*rnnrnnrrnFJnnnrnnn?n@ 89<=+G (#"F 8888,! rnFrnn***r*nJnnrnFnJ!n*JJnJn0nnnn 89<=+G (#"F 8 88+,F 88+8! !nr!nn*rr0JnnrnFnJnnr0nJnnn$$n n 89<=+G (#"F 888;+! nFnr nnJnnrnFn JnnJnnJ !CJ Gn 89<=+G (#"F 888;>%=!Jn!n! nFnn*rr0Jnrrnn*r$J*nnn!n*nnn 89<=+G (#"F 888<+n$ ?G*@F!n n*rr0Gnr *!nJrnJ$n!$nJ nnnJ $G$nr?@ GnnJn 89<=+G (#"F 888<-! nJnnrnFrnnrnnnJJnn*nr$n* !C* 89<=+G (#"F 888A,!G! rnFn$0JnrnFrnnrnJ!nJnrrn*nJ*nnQ"nrnr*n 89<=+G (#"F 888A>! nF!nFrJnnrnJnnnrnJ !C*nrJ+nn$Qn 89<=+G (#"F 8889+!r nnFn*$J*nJ *rr0Jnn0rnnnnFJnnC$n* !CJnr

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>+ 08n!% 89<>> (#> (#> (#> (#;n!rn $!nnn*nnnn nrrn*nrn!n!nrrn rn* 89<>> (#An!rn $!nnn*nnnn nrrn*nrn!n!nrrn 89<>> (#> (#> (#> (#> (#> (#> (#> (#> (#> (#
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>; 08n!% 89<>> (#> (#! !nnnnrnnnr!31*nr! !r31 89<>> (#> (# #+=-9A n*$nr *G$rrn*r!nn?31@nr$G 89A,> #+=->8 $G*nn !C 89A,> #+=->< $$r!*nnnrn*nn?@ 89A,> #+=->Annr n*n nnrnnnnn!rn 89A,> #+=--,n! n*rn*Fn**$n 89A,> #+=--A *Gn* !Cnrn*rn$G*r 89A,> #+=--9 *n*n* $!rnn$!n !nnr !C 89A,> #+=-->! rn*nrn*n*nrG$! 89A,> #+=8,,Ar! *n*nrn!nrnnrr!$ 89A,> #+=8,88 r*nrrnrnn n$ 89A,> #+=8,8Ar *n*$G$ $!nnrr 89A,> #+=8,+, *Gr*n$rnn*nrr!$ n0Crn 89A,> #+=8,+A *n* !C$r

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>< 08n!% 89A,> #+=8,+> n*$*r!nnrr !Cr 89A,> #+=8,;;!rn !C*nn!rn!nrrn31Q 89A,> #+=8,;A rn*!$nrn0C!n$ n0Cn 89A,> #+=8,<8r! *n*rnnn0C$ 89A,> #+=8, #+=8,<>n! n$!!

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>= 67D+ "n0rnn!!n5!)%(n$[" !rnCnn %(! *.!F715%F..-!-#,-.'"." F.n.-!-#,)!E#&)E &'#,D&)D&) *!# )#(G "r(++ ;+9%=<-+ 8A;%99= -%9A-K%,,,8 6n;A< A8,8%9>+8A%9A; %(n;AA A<+-%;;+8 -,#)F.nHn&'() *$))#) #F)A 8%-=<= +A 8%,+9=< ,%>,+-= F,%==8 +%A,AA (8>+ ;%8=-A+ ,%;,;<+%=A; ;%9=A< "6n!nnrnn$))$-*0n#)'&*!-%7>F.-*+!D&)"")#I!'*!#+!D&) )#(G+!D ;-%+=<< + K%,,,8 !E#I#?)&-@>!--*-0@&'-%7>F.-*+!D&)"")#I!'*!#+!D&) )#(G+!D ;=%8+9> + K%,,,8

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>A (nrn!nr !nn"%("nr$!*n%S As

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>9 (!nrnF*715.!F5 n %(rnnnn % F..-!-#,.#)"+##. F.n.-!-#,)!E#&)E &'#,D&)D&) *!# )#(G nnnA A8,A-;>< 8,89>+;8 =%A8+< K%,,,8 6n++8 <,,9>A=;, 8>8;=8;%9 %(n++9 ==-8< -,#)F.nHn&'() *$))#) #F)A%><<=AA <9 8%; +8=%A< <=+=A =-%8 8->%=A <<
<=+=, !8; <<--+%; ;9;%=, <<+=A <=9+> 7G8> <=,-8%9 ;89%<8 <<=<%= <,A%,< <=,=< !--*-0@&'-%7>F.-*+!D&)"")#I!'*!# +!D&) )#(G+!D ;8%989= A K%,,,8 $))$-*0n#)'&*!-%7>F.-*+!D&)"")#I!'*!#+!D&) )#(G+!D +>%;-<8 A K%,,,8

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>> 67D; nnr0n*($-%

PAGE 138

>67D< nnr0nrC% n*%( n$*n"$n$!$nr%

PAGE 139

-, 67D= nn6nn;8n% 26G#1 ?@ "r( #nnn rG "$rGnn6n 8A=9AG 58 A=>( n nnr9%<=8%8 $nn0C r !Cnnr $nrnr 8A=9AG 58 9,9( "rn;%;,%8A nnrr$nnn!n!n nnr$!r!*?rQ@nr$nrF!"!n $n* rn!r13n$r0 8A=9AG 58 99=( nnr;%+,%,>> r$nn!n! r$nnFn$r$n*nnr!Fnnr*rnnnn 8A=9AG 58 >+, n0C!rn<%-,%+ nnr*r$n!nr$$n! $nnr !n 13* nr.Frn!!$n!$n!rrnnrnr$nFn $!rnr* .F 8AA8>G (#-F+ 9A=( nnr*nrn!8%;+,%,,+ rn!n! r*nnr nrr$nnnn! 8AA8>G (#-F+ 99;( !*nrn88+%8 r$n0Crnnrnr$Jrnn0Cr$r0*n nnr*nr$nnnr$rn! nnr n 8A9>;G #++ 8,,;G #++ 8,++( nrn8,%8+ nr$nnrnn*rnnnr$nnrnrn*13 !n0Cnr$ $nF nr$n!rnnnr$!!r!rn

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-8 0=n!% 8A9>;G #++ 88>=( n8>%<+%< nnnr0*nnr$n!r0*nnrrn!nnnr0Fnrnr$ nn?""1<@!nnrr!n!n!n. 8A9>;G #++ -<<( n* $* rn=%<;,%AA= $* rnn !*r0nr$r$nnrrn*r0n0C! nnr*nrr!nnr*nnnnr 8A9>;G #++ -=<( rn8%9,%,-= $nr r$nn$nrn n $nrn! !$!n 8A-8;G #= 8,>+( r!nnr+,%9,%+A nn!!$nrr$n$!!r n*nr$ n! r!rr 8A-8;G #= 88,9( 8<%=,%+nnF*n CnrnCF nnnF r!n$$n!n*rnrn*rrn!*rn*nnnrnr$*"r0 8A-8;G #= 8+;8 $!G Q+%;<,%8A< nnrn*r0nr$nr* rrn*nrrn*nnrnr$n$nnnrnr$r""1 88A;( nrn88%8,%<= n0C!n* n0C r*nr $nn0C rnn!n!r$n! nn$n!nnr$r$*rn 89,,,G #+> 8++<%=( $!Q+,%=,%>; !nn$n*nn!r0r0!n nn *h nnr$n!rnrn!

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-+ 0=n!% 89,,,G #+> 8++>( nrn nn8>%;;%9= rnn!*Frrn! **r*nr0%"nr*nrF*n!!n $1"1;Jnr !rnr0 rn $ 89,,8G #8< 8+<>( $!Q *Q,%=;,%,8; Frnr$ *rr$nnr! $n *nn! nrnrnnnnr 89,,8G #8< 8+=-nn,%8,%,8 nn$nnFFnrnnr !C7G 89,>9G #+, 8+;;( nrn* nnr>%88%nn !Cr0nrnr$n0Cnnn0C*13 $F nnr$nrr0n0Cn*"nrnr0nN$ 89,>9G #+, 8;;;( *nn +9%=<%A nnn0Cn!n!n$*r13*r$nn!! !rnr!r$n!r*nn?@!r$nn!nr nnrn!n! 89,>9G #+, 8;;=( nrnnnr8,,%=A $n*n rnr$n $nn rnrrr $n nnr$nn$n!$n 89,>9G #+, 8;<,( nrn+8%<<%> n$ $nr! nn0Crnrr$nn0Cnn!r 89,>9G #+, 8;A<( n+,%+ nn$nn0CnnnF n rnr n!n!rn!r$nn 89;-+G #8; 8;+<( !<%-8 nn$nr rn ?nr@rn*n rnrnrnnrnr$nn"$!n!n!*n""Fnrnnnnn?""@nnnnn?!""@r0n!r"!*nnr!r0n n" $nF"nnrrn""

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-; 0=n!% 89;-+G #8; 8;-=( *n n rn8A%9+%= r0*nrF!n!nr$r$nnrn* nnnr$r0r 89;-+G #8; 8<>;( $!Q n rn *++%-8%= !Cnnr$r$nn*nQ rn$rrr$rnr"nnr$n 89<=+G (#"F 8 8,>,( ,%<=-,%,;> !CnnrQnr$ n0C rnnr 89<=+G (#"F 8 88;>%=( rn,%++,%,+ Fr !n!*!*Frnn*nnF rnrFrnnrnr$! 89<>>G (#> nn!n!rnr$r$n$!rnn $*nnr nn*rn*!rnrn!rnn* 89A,>G #+= ->8( ;,%>,%9nrnnn !C r0 r!nnnr$13 nnr*r!r0*nnrn*nnr0"*".

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-< 67DA 6!n;,80*%(n $n*-=E* n !n !%5!n,*$n* nr% "r"$ I n (n (#-+%9A=%8+ ,%,,,%,8,%,=,%,,+%9>,%88,%,;+%-> 58%9,9%> ,%,,;+%A9;=%->,%,,9%=8,%=+,%;999%,= (#%,>;8%A+,%,+,%<;,%8-,%,,>,%;= 5F8iA=>%; ,%<<;<%A+;=%=;,%,,-%9;,%-<,%,,>8%+A #++i-<<%8 ,%,8;A%8-<,%,A,%,,=%-,,%,-,%,,>+%+= #++i-=<%; ,%,8;-%99;-%,A,%,;;%A=,%+,,%,,>+%9+ 5F8iA=>%8 ,%+<<8%<<;A%9;,%,8<%;-,%9>,%,,>;%=#+>i88A;%88 ,%,,<+%89<,%,+,%,<8%>-,%;;,%,,><%<= #+,i8;;;%A ,%8<;>%A-;A%AA,%,89%A98%<;,%
=%,A (# ,%,8<+%+<<8%99,%,=8%,+,%+,,%,,>=%+#++i88>=%9 ,%,+<<%=8<,%+-,%,;,%><,%,9,%8->=%-< (#-+%9A=%> ,%,,;9%-=<+%;>,%,,=%A+,%+;,%,,>A%8> #++i-=<%> ,%,+;>%<9,%,<8%A=,%8=,%,9>A%<9 (#-+%9A=%; ,%,,;-%+<<8%9<,%,,=%=8,%,;,%,,>A%=+ #+,i8;;=%> ,%8+<;%>=<,%=<,%,88%98,%A,,%8,>A%-; #8<%8+<>%8, ,%,,;-%=;<;%-+,%,,;%<+,%,9,%,,>A%-< #+>i88A;%8+ ,%,,<<%9=<,%A9,%,<8%;,,%;9,%8>>9%;8 #=%8+;8%+ ,%,,<8%,8<<%9;,%,,8%=A,%,<,%,,>9%;< #+>i88A;%; ,%,;<;%=-<8%=+,%,;8%=>,%A;,%,+>9%<, #+>i88A;%9 ,%,,<<%,;<+%-A,%,;,%-,,%+>,%,,>>%+, #++i88>=%8 ,%,8<<%9A<8%A;,%,88%A;,%,-,%+,>>%;; #+,i8+;;%; ,%,-<+%8=<8%;-,%,=;%-=,%-,,%,,>>%=; #+,i8;;=%8+ ,%,+<;%;9<+%-<,%,;+%+9,%89,%,,>>%>, #+,i8;;=%,%,+;>%9=<>%8-,%,+8%9;,%;=,%;>>-%<= #+>i8++>%+ ,%,8;9%--<;%,,,%,<>%;9,%8,,%,,>-%=8 #+>i88A;%< ,%,;<+%;;<=%;;,%A=,%>8,%=+,%,,>-%AA 58%99=%< ,%,,<,%A+<=%>8,%,+;%,;,%;,,%8<>-%-+ #+,%8;A<%8+ ,%,,<+%,><<%A;,%,,;%=A,%88,%,,-,%;> 58%99=%9 ,%,,<;%<9<<%A-,%,,+%;+,%,<,%,,-,%=+ (#-+%9A=%8A ,%,,<9%;;<,%-8,%,,8%;+,%+8,%9A-,%=; #+,i8;<,%; ,%,+<,%+,%,<;%8<,%++,%,,-,%A(#"i8%88;>%=%= ,%,,<8%==<;%-;,%,,=%;=,%,<,%,,-,%>9 (#-+%9A=%88 ,%,,<+%-=<<%-<,%,,+%-=,%,;,%,,-,%>9 #+,i8;;;%< ,%,,<,%+,<9%,,,%,8<%,A,%8,,%,,-8%;9 #+>i8++<%8+ ,%,,<<%,-<;%><,%,<+%89,%<,,%><-8%;> #+,i8+;;%> ,%,+<8%A,<=%;+,%,,<%<;,%,9,%,,-8%<< 58%>+,%8 ,%,,<<%8+<=%;A,%,;8%>+,%89,%,,-8%=, #+,i8;<,%< ,%,+<8%+8,%,<;%+;,%;;,%,,-8%=8 (#-+%9A=%+ ,%,,<=%+9<<%>8,%,,8%;<,%8,,%,,-8%=+ #=%8+;8%A ,%,,<+%=;<=%<-,%,,;%<=,%++,%,+-8%9, #+,i8;;=%88 ,%,;<8%=A<9%->,%,88%9A,%+<,%8--8%99

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Dippold, Angela C.
0 245
Detailed geochemical investigation of the mineralogic associations of arsenic and antimony within the Avon park Formation, central Florida :
b implications for aquifer storage and recovery
h [electronic resource] /
by Angela C. Dippold.
260
[Tampa, Fla] :
University of South Florida,
2009.
500
Title from PDF of title page.
Document formatted into pages; contains 101 pages.
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Thesis (M.S.)--University of South Florida, 2009.
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Includes bibliographical references.
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Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format.
520
ABSTRACT: The mineralogic associations of arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb) were investigated for the Avon Park Formation (APF) in central Florida to determine its viability for aquifer storage and recovery (ASR). Rock samples were taken from fourteen different cores and samples were taken according to core length, interval samples, and based on areas suspected to contain high levels of arsenic and antimony, such as molds, dissolution fractures, pyrite, clays, and organic matter, targeted samples. Permeable samples were also taken from high permeability zones. In total 373 samples were described in hand specimen and analyzed for bulk rock chemistry. Inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry and hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry were used to determine Fe, Al, Si, Mg, Ca, S, P, Mn, Sr, Mo, As, and Sb in bulk samples, while electron-probe microanalysis was used to analyze Sb, As, Fe, S, Zn, Ca, Mo in discrete minerals.The mineralogic and geochemical investigation showed: (1) bulk As and Sb concentrations within the APF are low; (2) As values range from < 0 .1 to 30.8 mg/kg and Sb from < 0.1 to 6.76 mg/kg; (3) average values are 2.24 mg/kg As and 0.28 mg/kg Sb; (4) pyrite is present as framboids, hollow framboid rings, "honeycomb" pseudo-framboids, small irregularly shaped pieces with topography, and euhedral crystals; it is typically associated with oxidized organic laminations, fractures, and molds; (5) the framboid rings may have been precipitated by a bacteria making them biogenic; (6) euhedral pyrites contain significantly less As than other morphologies while irregular pyrites have the most; (7) individual pyrites range from < 0.1 to 5820 mg/kg As while Sb ranges from < 0.1 to 2470 mg/kg; (8) the samples from zones of high permeability have lower As and Sb averages than those of the other samples: 1.02 mg/kg As and 0.15 mg/kg Sb versus 1.32 mg/kg As and 0.19 mg/kg Sb for interval and 3.16 mg/kg As and 0.37 mg/kg Sb for targeted samples;(9) As is found mainly in pyrite but is possibly from organic matter and clay; (10) overall As concentrations and correlations may be low but individual cores and zones have high values; (11) the APF has appropriately permeable zones for ASR; (12) the success of ASR in the APF formation depends on the degree of geochemical alterations, presence of competing anions and simple organic ligands, and the amount of trace metals sorbed to surfaces versus coprecipitated.
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Mode of access: World Wide Web.
System requirements: World Wide Web browser and PDF reader.
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Advisor: Thomas Pichler, Ph.D.
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Pyrite
Trace metal
Carbonates
Hydrogeology
Mineral stability
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Dissertations, Academic
z USF
x Geology
Masters.
773
t USF Electronic Theses and Dissertations.
4 856
u http://digital.lib.usf.edu/?e14.2992