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Guideway transit and intermodalism

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Material Information

Title:
Guideway transit and intermodalism function and effectiveness
Portion of title:
Profiles of U.S. fixed guideway transit systems and operators
Part title on cover:
Profiles of U.S. guideway transit systems and operators
Physical Description:
vii, 307 p. : maps (some col.), charts ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Sheck, Ronald C
United States -- Federal Transit Administration
University of South Florida -- Center for Urban Transportation Research
Lehman Center for Transportation Research
Publisher:
University of South Florida, Center for Urban Transportation Research
Available through the National Technical Information Service
Place of Publication:
Tampa, FL
Springfield, Va
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Railroads -- Commuting traffic -- United States   ( lcsh )
Street-railroads -- United States   ( lcsh )
Subways -- United States   ( lcsh )
Local transit -- United States   ( lcsh )
Local transit -- Ridership -- United States   ( lcsh )
Genre:
technical report   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available online.
Funding:
Prepared in cooperation with Florida International University, Lehman Center for Transportation Research and the Federal Transit Administration under contract no.
General Note:
"Author: Ronald C. Scheck"--Technical report documentation page.
General Note:
"April 1997."
General Note:
Technical data book.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 029923360
oclc - 37385441
usfldc doi - C01-00301
usfldc handle - c1.301
System ID:
SFS0032376:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


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PAGE 1

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PAGE 2

Guideway Transit and lntermodalism : Function and Effectiveness Data Book 2 Profiles of U.S. Fixed Guideway Transit Systems and Operators C enter for Urban Transportation Research College o f Engineering U nive rsity of South F l orid a 4202E. FowJer A v enue, ENB 118 T9mpa, F L 33620 5350 ( 8 13) 974-3120, S unCom 574-3120 Fax (813) 9741 68 e mail : brct.eh@e09,US.f.edu G aty L Bro sch Directo r Ap rll1997 Ptojecl M ngero R o n S heck Milc h York P roject Staff Jesus Gome z B c n Wa lkor Forrest C otten F ad h ety Viloria Tho tntents olthls report re flectth e view s of th e authors. wh o are (C$ponsibll: for the faCtS and the IJCCUI8CY o f the intonnalion pre sente d he rein. ms docum6nt is dis.s.rnmated undtr the spon$1>1Shlp of the Oepartmen t of Transportation, Fflrhnrl Transit Administration, In the interest of information &Xchlnge The U.S. G overnment aSStJmes no lia bility for the contents o r use the reof a nd does not ent'lolw any vtndot'$ or prodllc r s mentioned in the report

PAGE 3

'I CAL REPORT DOCUMEN'TA'I'ION PAGE 1 RQpollNa 2 No. (NT1S) 3 GUI D96USF1.2 y UMTRIS/FTA Section 4.. .._.,.,. GUIDEWAY TRANSIT AND INTERMODALISM: FUNCTION AND EFFECTIVENESS: Apri l 1997 Profiles of U.S. Guideway Transit Systems and Operators 6. CcdQ 1 & Ronald c. Sheck 9 Namo 10. Wert unr. (TRAIS) Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR) University o f South Aorida 11. Con lr.xtMGrani. No. 4202 East Fowl er Ave. FL 26-7000 Tampa, Florida 33620 12. IQ!cf Heme Md AddMt 13. TYo)e arA Period Co-1et$d U .S Department of Transportation Technica l Da1a Book Federal Transit Administration (FTA) November 19 94-Apri11997 400 7th Street S.W. Washi ngto n D.C 20590 1"-HI. Supported by a grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Admi nistration 16. Rlt.tJ&=t This report is one of three da1a books prepared as part of the s tudy ti ded Guidwway Transit and lntsnnodalism: Function and Effectiveness Data Book 2 Profiles of U.S. Guideway Transit Systems and Operators, profiles individua l guideway transit systems In the U.S. and provides oomparisons between them on a selection of attributes utilizatio n and perfOnnance characteristics. Guideway' transit in the U S is dominated by l ight heavy and commuter rail modes, but also incl u des cab le cars. inc l i n ed planes monorails, automated guideway/people movers and t rolley buses Da1a Book 2 i s d ivided Into three major sectio ns A Uni ted States map i n dicating the lo cation of each urbanized area with guideway transit and a l isting of guideway transa operat ors by mode i s at the beginning of t h e first section. This is followed by a brief series of summary tables oomparing the 30 U.S urbanized areas mh one or more guideway transit modes on the bas i s of 12 demograp hic, travel and trans it variables. The seoond section contains profiles of the 48 guideway transit operators. Each profile i ncludes an overv iew of the guideway system a system map, and da1a on a var i ety of topics includi ng : urbanized area dimensions; serv ice characterist i cs ; fares and oollection methods; system use and performance measures; and sources of operating r evenue. The third section oompares systems and/or modes on the basis of characteristics. performance use and costs. Material in this section a l lows for oomparison between guideway transit modes in each urbanized area; comparison between urbanized areas by light heavy and commuter rail modes; and oomparison between modes across urba n ized areas. 1 7 l
PAGE 4

Over the past few decades more than a dozen U.S cities have implemented new guideway public transit systems and virtually every major urban area has or is considering increasing public transportation investments frequen tly including the consideration of guideway transit Investments. The country's dramatic suburbanization and socio-economic changes have placed new challenges on public transportation Various gui deway investments are among the solutions that loca l communities h ave considered to meet the changing tsansportation needs of their communities. The result has been growing guideway transit ridership and an i ncrease in the Importance of guideway in the overall transportation system Guideway transit inv estments are perceived as the public tran sit investment that provides an excellent opportunity to compete with auto travel, i nfluence land use, motivate public and business financial s upport and address air quality and environmental goals This report does not advocat e guideway solutions or discourage careful considerati on of non-guideway transportation Investments, but provides a knowledge base to support those involved in guideway planning and implementation. With the development of numerous systems over the pa st few years a great deal of experience and knowledge has been gained about all aspects of using guideway investments to meet transportation and other lo cal goals. Much of this knowledge resides wilh local planning agency staffs and is of great value to other urban areas if the most relevan t information can be captured and com municated to the ever growing and changing group of professionals that are involved in guideway project planning and decision making. This report is one of several that are being produced as a part of a study funded by the Federal Transit Admi nistration on lntennodal i sm and guideway effectiveness. This multi-year effort is being conducted by the Lehman Center for Transportation Research at Florida International University and the Center for Urban Transportation Research at the University of South Rorida The broadly defined research project, a response to a U.S. congressional authoriZation focuses on the examinati on of factors that In fluence the effectiveness and efficiency of guideway transit systems and passenger lntermodal transportation. The work program is driven by eight primary research tasks, each of which Is being addressed through a variety of research methodologies The overall objective is to assemble exist ing and new information and interpret and communicate that i nformation in a manner that support s the planning and decision-maf9ng efforts of public transportation planners. Knowledge gained in this project will provide useful infonnation for the many communities and llansportation professionals that are planning or considering guideway transit as a key component in their transportation system In addition many of th e i5sues and much of the informat ion w ill have application to all publlc transportation plann i ng iii

PAGE 5

INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 MAP OF U S. CITIES WITH GUIDEWAY TRANSIT SYSTEMS . . . . .. .. .. .. 2 L I ST O F GUIDEWAY C I TIES AND M ODES . .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. . .. .. . .. 3 SECT ION 1S UMMARY TABLES Total Population .. . .. .. .. . . .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. . . .. .. 6 Total Worl-Vehicle Households .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. . .. .. . .. .. . 9 Use Transit fo r Work T rip . . . . .. .. .. .. .. . .. . . . . . 9 Total Unl i nked Passenger Trips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 0 Total Unlinked Passenger Miles . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Total Vehicle Miles . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 1 1 Passenger Trips per Gaprta . . . .. . . . . . 11 S E CTION 2 -PROFILES OF G UIDEWAY SYSTEMS AND OPERA TOR S LIST OF VARIABLES . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 12 VARIABLE CODES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Atlanta-Metropo li tan Atlanta Reg i onal Trans i t Aulhorily . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Baltimore Mass Transit Adm i n i stration . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Boston Massac h usetts Bay Tra n sportation Aulhorily . . . . . . . . . . 26 Buffalo/Niagara Falls Niagara Frontier Transit System Inc. . . . . . . . . . . 32 Chattanooga Chattanooga Area Regio n a l Transportat ion Aulhorily . . . . . . . . 36 Chicago Chicago Transit Aulhorily . . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . 40 Metra .. .......................... ...... .............. ............ 44 Northem Indiana Commuter Transportation District . . . . . . . . 50 Cleveland Greate r Cleveland Transrt Aulhorily . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 Dallas Dallas Area Rapid Transrt Aulhorily .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. . .. .. . .. 60 McKinney Avenue Transit Authorily .. .. .. .. . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 65 Dayton-Miami Valley Regional Transit Authorily . .. . . .. .. . . . . .. . 68 iv

PAGE 6

Denver Regional T ransportation District . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 DetroitDetroit Transportation Corporation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 Ft. LauderdaleSouth AoridaTri-County Commuter Rail Authority . . . . . . . . 80 Gaiveslon Island . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 Jacksonville Ja ckson ville Transportation Authority . . . . . . . . . . 88 Johnstown Cambria County Transit Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 Los Angeles Los Angeles County Metropolftan Transportation Authority . . . . . . . . 96 Southern California Regional Rail Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 Memphis Memphis Area Transit Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Miami/Hialeah Metro-Dade Transit Agency . . . . . . . . . . . 110 New Haven Connecticut Department o f T ransportation . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 New OrleansRegional Tran sit Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 New Yori
PAGE 7

San Jose Santa Clara County Trans it District . . . . . . . . . 206 Seattle Mon orail Transit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210 King Cou nty Depanment of Metropolitan Services . . . . . . . . . . . . 214 Tampa Hillsborough Area Regi onal Transit Authority Wash i ngton, D C 220 Virginia Railway Express . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 224 Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority . . . . . . . . 228 SECTION 3 PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS GUIDEWAY NETWORK CHARACTER I STICS Number of Guideway Routes, 1994 . . .. . .. . .. .. .. . . 234 Guideway Trans it Network M i les 1994 ........ ......... .... . .... .... 236 Guideway Trans it Route Miles 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237 SERVICE SUPPLY AND UTILIZATION Annua l Guideway Transit Vehicle Revenue M iles, 1994 . ......... ....... .... 244 Annua l Guideway Transft Passenger Miles per Train Revenue Mile, 1 994 . . . . 248 Annual Guideway Train Revenue M i les, 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252 Annua l Guideway Transft Passenger Miles per Network Mile, 1994 . . . . . . 256 Annua l Guideway Trans n Vehicle Revenue Miles per Network M i le, 1994 . . . . 257 Annual Guideway Unlinked Trips 1994 .... ........ ... .............. ..... 262 Annual Guideway Trans i t Passenger Miles, 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263 Light Rail Percent Share of Rail Trans i t Annua l Unlinked Trips 1994 . . . . . . 268 Light Rall Percent Share of Rai l Annua l Passenger Miles, 1994 . . . . 269 Light Rail Percentage ofTotal Unlinked Passenger Trips, 1994 .......... ..... 270 Light Rail Percentage ofTotal Annual Passenger Miles, 1994 ......... .. ..... 271 Heavy Rail Percent Share of T otal Unlinked Passenger Trips 1994 .............. 272 Commuter Rai l Percent Share of Total Unlinked Passenger Trips 1994 . . . . . 272 Heavy Rail Percent Share of Annua l Passenger Miles, 1994 . . . . . . . . . 273 Commuter Rail Percent Share of Annual Passenger Miles, 1994 . . . . . . . 273 Annua l Per Capita Transit Trips by Urbanized Area Population . ... ... .... ..... 274 Annual Per Capita Transit Trips by System Service Area Population . . . . . . 275 vi

PAGE 8

SERVI CE EFFIC I E NCY M EASURES Annual Operating Expense p e r Unl inked Passenger T ri p 1994 ............... 282 Annual Operati n g E xpense per Vehic le Revenue M ile 1994 . ..... .... 286 Annual O perati n g Expense per Vehic l e Reven u e Hou r 1994 . . . . .......... 290 GLOSSARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.95 REFERE.NCE S . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306 ACKNOWLEDG MENTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308 vii

PAGE 9

Data Book 2, Profiles of U.S. Guideway Transit Systems and Operators, profiles individual guideway transit systems in the U.S. and provides comparisons between them on a selection of attributes, utilization and performance characteristics. "Guideway" transit in the U.S. is dominated by light, heavy and commuter rail modes, but also includes cable cars, inclined planes monorails, automated guideway/people movers and trolley buses. Operation In regular public transportation service is the criteria for inclusion in this data book The data book is divided into three major sections. A UnHed States map indicating the location of each urbanized area with guideway and a list of each urbanized area and its guideway transit operators by mode is at the beginning of the first section. This is followed by a brief series of summary tables comparing the 30 U.S. urban ized areas with one or more guideway transit modes on the basis of 12 demographic travel and transit characteristics. The second section contains profiles of the 48 guideway transH operators Each profile includes a brief overview of the guideway system, a system map and data covering a variety of t opics Inc luding: urbanized area dimensions; transit service characteristics; rolling stock and/or motive power characteristics; fare policy; system use and system performance measures; and sources of operating revenues. Definitions of variables and a list of abbreviations used in the profiles is at the beginning ofthis section. The third section compares systems and/or modes on the basis of characteristics, performance use and costs. Material in this section allow for comparison between guideway modes in the same urbanized area; comparison between urbanized areas by each of these three modes and comparison between modes across urbanized areas. Material presented in developing Profiles of U.S. Guideway Transit Systems and Operators has been drawn from many sources. These include the U.S. Census; various Federal Transit Administration publications and data sets; books, monographs, articles and conference proceedings; and the case developed as part of this project, Guideway Transit and /ntermodafism: Function and Effectiveness, funded by the Federal Transit Administration; and by phone surveys and interviews with the various guideway transit agencies and other government organizations. Unless otherwise noted, all data is from 1994. This publication was prepared to serve as a reference book on guideway transit-a useful single source compendium of current information on guideway transit in the U.S. It should be useful for those studying existing conditions and provide information helpful to those urban communities that a re considering guideway transit modes for the first time. 1

PAGE 10

.., E "' .., >(/) .s::. .., CIS "' .. ct 'C "' N c CIS .1:1 .. :::1 "' "' CIS (/) 'C "' c :::1 2

PAGE 11

Baltimore Boston Chicago Dallas TB-LR-Frontler Trans it IPArea HRChicago Transit Authority (CTA) CR-METRA CR Northern Indiana Commuter HR Greater Cleveland Transit District LR, CR Dallas Area Rapid Transit Authority (DART) LR' TB-Miami Denver LR-Detroit AG Detroit Ft. Lauderdale Commuter Rail Jacksonville Johnstown Los AngeleS Orleans New York/N.E New Jersey LR' Island Transit AG Jacksonville IP Transit LR, HR Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Author ity (LACMTA) CRSouthern California LR'-Area CR Connecticut DOT Contract Serv ice s LR' Transit CR, LR New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ Transit) CR Long Island Rail Road Company (LIRR) CR -Metro North Commuter Railroad (Metro North) HR -New York City Trans it Authority (NYCTA) HR -Port Authority Trans Hudson Corporation (PATH) HR -Staten 3

PAGE 12

Philadelphia St. Louis San Diego San Francisco San Jose Seattle Washington, D.C. CR Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (Pe nn DOT) HR NJ-Port Authority Trans i t Corp o ration (PATCO) District Transit D i strict LR Bi-State CRNorth San Diego County Transit District Development Board (NCTD) LRInc HR Bay A!ea Rapid Tra nsit District (BART) CR-CAL TRAIN Peninsula Commute Service (CAL TRAIN) TB San Francisoo LR -Santa Clara Transit District MR City of Se attle-Monorail Tra n s it (CENTER) LR, TB-of Services Area CRVirgin i a Railway Express (VRE) HR 4

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Total Population Total Workers Population Density Population Density Central City Central City Land Area Work in MSA of Residence . : :. ZeroVehicle Households Use Transit for Work Trip Total Unlinked Passenger Trips Total Unlinked Passenger Miles Total Vehicle Miles Passenger Trips per Capita

PAGE 14

"' \ m1+::; j' <> "<>' .,..,.. t. : ,-:. t*_ Tota Numbef..,_., < :f-.> l;u 'trW . -1-::t o e r s ... ><>s ... <> < ... . >' ',"' City Population Ran k City Worl
PAGE 15

. i i" Density R ank City Density Rank Los A ngeles 5.801 1 New York 21 .164 1 M iami 5 ,429 2 Philad._,h ia 11,553 2 New York 5,409 3 Miami 10,334 3 ChiCOigo 4 ,287 4 BBltimoce 9,108 San Jose 4,240 5 Ctlicago 9,001 5 San Francisco 4 ,152 6 Washington. D.C. 8 911 6 New Orieans 3,85 2 7 San Jose 8.370 7 Philactel phia 3 627 8 Los Angeles 7,390 8 Was hing10n, D.C 3 560 9 Buffal o 7,134 9 San Diego 3,403 10 Boston 6.841 10 BulYolo 3 343 11 Cleveland 6,564 11 Denvor 3,308 12 Pittsburgh 6,528 1 2 Detroit 3,30 3 13 6,491 13 Sacrament o 3 ,286 1 4 VA Avenge 5,891 Baltimore 3,1 9 0 15 New Orleans 5,680 1 4 UAAverage 3,171 Johnsto w n 4 ,810 15 Bos1on 3 114 16 San Diego .no 16 Portland 3 021 17 St. Lou!$ 4,640 1 7 Seattl e 2 967 18 Se attle 4 ,548 18 St. Louis 2 673 19 New Haven 4,459 19 Cleveland 2.638 20 Den4 ,212 2() Tampa 2.630 21 san Frandsco 3 834 2 1 Me m phis 2 ,420 22 Ponland 3,485 22 New Haven 2 ,40 5 23 Sacramento 3,282 23 Dallas 2,216 24 Tampa 3 ,203 24 P ittst>ursh 2 158 25 Allanta 2,860 25 Johnstown 2.157 26 Memphis 2 754 26 Galves1on 1,945 27 DaJias 2 ,507 27 Atl anta 1 898 28 Galve$ton 1.945 28 Jacksonville 1,454 29 Jacksonville 1,406 29 1,156 30 1,287 30 7

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City Lan d Area% Rank City Work in MSA R ank Gatveston 100.00% 1 Galveston 90.90% 1 Jackson ville 87.82% 2 Jacksonville 87.65% 2 Memphis 68.00% 3 Memphis 84. 57% 3 San J ose 54.43% 4 Chattanooga 71 .35% 4 Dallas 51.72% s Dallas 60.31 % 5 Chattanooga 46. 11% 6 San Diego 59.75% 6 San [);ego 46. 06% 7 Tampa 54.56% 7 Sacramento 37.79% 8 New Ot1eans 52. 60',(, 8 Portl a n d 35.77% 9 Portland 5 1 .33% 9 Los Angeles 33.28% 10 Sacramento 1 0 New Orleans 32. 38% SeatUe 50 .21% 11 UAA-.ge 30. 59% 49.43% T a mpa 29.67% 12 Johnstown 48.95% 12 Denver 24.19% 13 Miami 47.3 1 % 13 Se attle 22.70% 14 Chicago 14 New Haven 22.69 % 15 N ewYOfk 45.09% 15 Chicago 22.64% 16 Buffalo 1 6 Buffalo 19. 15% 17 Boston 43.75% 17 San Francisco 18.66% 18 San Joso 43.64% 18 Miami 17.54% 19 Denve r 43.27% 19 Detroit 1 6 36% 20 Lo s Angeles 4 2.13'% 20 StLouis 16. 35% 21 Washington. D C. 41.81 % 2 1 JohMtown 16.2 1% 22 Philadelphia 39.69% 22 Boston 15A3% 23 BattimOt'$ 39.62% 23 Baltimore 13. 64% 24 Cleveland 39.04% 24 Atlanta 1 3.39% 25 Pit1SbU'9h 38.87 % 25 New York 13.13% 26 St. Loui$ 38.20% 26 Philadelph ia 12.67% 27 New Haven 37.17% 27 Cleveland 1 2.11 % 28 sa n Ftand:soo 36.42% 28 Washington. O.C 9.24% 29 Atlanta 34 .33 % 29 Pitlsl>u19h 7.79% 30 28.94% 30 Souroe: Calculated ftom 199 0 U.S. Censu5 8

PAGE 17

New York Galveston Ph ll o d o l phls New 011tans Joh-nstown Buflolo CNcaoo Pittlbuegh Boston Mioml C lovtl ond NawHIVOI\ M .... hll DOltolt UAAwrogo S1n Franaltco D C St. Loull AJfanta Tompo Loa Angeles Seattle Sacram e nto Denver San Diego Oalas 33.27% 20AS% 20.24% 20.08% 19.19% 19.07% 18.57% 18.54% 18.37% 17.57% 16.11% 14. 96% 14.22% 14.17% 13.8 1 % 13.1/J
PAGE 18

City New York Boston Chicago Washington, D C Philade lphia San Francisco UAAverage Atta n t a Los Angeles Baltimore San D iego Cle-nd Pittsburgh POftlalnd B uffal o St. Lou is New Orleans Sacramento San J ose Detroit Seattle Denver Chatta nooga Memphis New Haven Jacksonville Johnstown Galveston Dallas Trips 1,589,150 479 294 462.539 212,038.544 202,863,453 166,052,880 130,308,013 108,213,200 69,855,000 21,386.265 20. 829 218 16.698.902 14 887,952 1 1 167,476 9,316,048 8,482,255 8 248 015 8 004 ,88 3 7 257 ,644 6,958,332 6,133,003 2 393,830 2,119,317 964,590 498,124 430,555 386 ,150 288 683 269,422 152,28 1 117.577 Source: 1994 Sect on 1 5 Annual Report Rank 1 2 3 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 10 -. iJ ,., Jl eytay .. > , City Miles Rank New York 11,378,795,470 1 Chicago 2,381,059,35 1 2 Washington. D.C 1,276, 472 ,539 3 Sa.n Ftancisco 1 15 6 351.452 4 Boston 1 077 829 .548 5 PhiladIPh ia 937 254,460 6 UAAverage 720,955,600 Atlant a 378,370 ,44 3 7 Los Ange l es 225, 743 581 8 Miami 213, 802.583 9 Baltimore 95,729,122 10 Clevelan d 80,165,627 11 San [);ego 75 ,619,679 12 Portland 46.418 ,361 13 St. Louis 42,5 76,64 1 14 Pitl$burgh 335,937,665 15 Sacramento 33. 287 .467 16 29, 501 ,105 17 Buffal o 19 056 ,021 1 8 New0r1eans 16 184,670 1 9 New Have n 5 826 603 20 Dotto k 3 ,401.659 21 Denver 2.633.282 22 Seattle 2 .331, 2 4 9 23 Chattanooga 498 ,124 24 Me mphis 364 .225 25 Gatvuton 258 660 26 Tampa 166 ,044 27 JaCkSonville 156 ,633 28 2M88 29 Dallas 30

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City Miles Rank City Trips per Capita Rank New York 447 374 0 7 8 1 Booton 1 08. 1 0 Chi cag o 79,272,975 2 NewYO
PAGE 20

Year of First Service Year of Latest Expansion Number of Routes Tota l Employees Route Env ironment Station Characteristics Stations with Parking Maintenance Facilities F leet Size Average Vehicle Age Rolling Stock Mode Dimensions Air Conditioning Seating Capacity Handicapped Accessible Steel or Rubber Tired Single Car or Train Manned or Unmanned Maximum Train Length 1993-94 Jane's Transportation System Transij Agency 1993-94 Jane's Transportation System 1994 FTA Data Tables 1994 FT A Trans it Profiles 1994 FTA Data Tables 1994 APTA Transit Passenger Vehicle Fleet lnvenlory Transit Agency 12 1994 APTA Transit Passenger Vehicle Fleet Inventory

PAGE 21

. Fare Policy Base Fare Passes 1995 APTA Transit Fare Summary Fare Collection Unlinked Passenger Trips 1994 FTA Transit Profiles Annual Passenger Miles 1994 FTA Transit Profiles Annual Vehicle Miles 1994 FTA Data Tables Passenger Trips per 1994 FTA Tran sit Profiles Passenger Miles per capita 1994 FTA Transit Profiles Operating Expenses Per Vehicle Revenue Mile 1994 FTA Transit Profiles Per Vehicle Revenue Hour Per Unlinked Passenger Trip Operating Revenue Farebox Federal Assistance 1994 FT A Transit Profiles Stat e Assistance Local Assistance Other 13

PAGE 22

E F H J M N 0 v z one unl No eatr. unpowe:red: one unit of seml-permanentl)' coupled three-car set powered: no MU connectio n s powtfed; MU oonnectiOM Ocd:l l e ended; no M U Double-ended'; po'Werect, MU connec:tlons Doub'e-encsect: MU connectio ns unpowered; MU connections No eat>: unpowerecl; no No cab : PQWtf1:d:: .. ,. .. unk -14 MedlankaiF.EF Electronic F arebOXea HR Heavy Rail LR IP I n clined P lane cc Cable Cara MR MOf'I0(3it BW BusWay NIA Not App r""'blo Not Applicable None .. .. ....... :.

PAGE 24

The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) o p era tes h eavy r ail a n d b u s trans it i n the c ity of Atlanta and portions of C l ayto n DeKal b and Fulton Counties. Rail service began on a 6.7 m i le segment in 1979 and now operates over a t h ree r o u t e 40. 4 m i le syst em. Routes i ntersect at the Five Points station in downtown A tl anta Direct access is prov i ded to the Atl anta Hartsfie l d Airport A 7 0 mil e extension sesving the Buckhead area of Atlanta opened in June 1 996. Air-<:andi tio n ed t rai n s with two to e ight cars, serve 33 high platform stat i ons, 29 of whic h have bus con nections MARTA is gove rn ed by a 17member board of directors and subsidized by a loca l sales tax. Yea r o f First Service Year of Latest Expansion N u mber of Routes Total Empl oyees Operating Mai n tenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Ho u rs of Service Peak/Off-Peak Hea d ways 16 1979 1972 1996 19 9 6 4 150 1 ,135 2,138 6 1 2 1,160 132 383 137 241 203 284 51 71 4-8/5-10 6-1

PAGE 25

Mode HR Mode HR N etwort< C h a racteristics Active Flee t Size 240 N e twork Miles 40.4 Veh i cl e 1 0 9 E l ectrification 750VDC Rolling Stock Sing l e/Double Track Doub l e Ra il 24 0 Gauge 4'8'J2.'I Ve h icle Characteristics Number of Grade 0 D i mens i ons ( L ength Wi dth) 75'-1 26" Route Environment(%) A i r Co n dition i ng Y e s At Grade Sepa ra te RJW 54 Seating Capacity 64-68 At Grade Street 0 Crus h Load Capacity 2 1 4 I n Subway or Tun n e l 22 Hand ic apped Spaces 1 /Car El evated 24 Steel o r Rubber T i red Stee l Station C haracteristics Si n gl e Car or Trai n Train N u mber of stations 33 Manned or Unmanned Mann ed ADA Accessible 33 Maxim u m Train L e ngth SCar s Low Mid, or High Platforms H i gh Stations w i t h Part
PAGE 26

(Millions) I U r t l in l
PAGE 27

.. QbUS..llciJI 0 0 Sbtfon th FIW& PJott6N: t;.oclet Ptlhrt$tt/1lrkl'r$tS l. l'l:daxttrNID l. .. O..Botuica10vdtu 1t. ... PiaD 3. .Atlallb Brs:Mf)' CC0.. Jl, Slx f.bcs OIW 4. u. SCiootMoa.-.. s. u \VoMraa.utsCta."", 1. l.oDoGI: s.aro & AWn ce 11le&1ft &. U. ZooAtbllb Map courtesy: www.subway. k2nesoft.com/transitmaps/index html 19

PAGE 28

The Mass Transit Administra t ion (MTA) p r ovides light rail, heavy rail and b us services i n metro p olitan Balt i more Heavy ra i l serv ice operates 2 to 6 ca r trains over a 1 3.3 mile route Which opened i n 1 983 The route was exte n ded 1.5 mi les i n mi d 1995 and now serves 12 stat ions. A 22.5 mile l ight ra i l li ne began service to 24 stations In 1992 Mary l and Rail Commute r Service (MARC) operates two weekday r ou tes from Baltimore : diese l powered trains betwee n Baltimore (Camden Stat i on) a n d Was hi ngto n D.C ; and electric powered t rains betwee n Perryville Baltimore (Penn Station) a n d Washington, D.C. A third MARC l i n e links Brunsw i ck, Maryland and Was hi ngto n D.C. MARC a n d MTA are sta t e ag e ncies of Mary l and Year of Firs t Service 1983 Year of Lalest Expans i on 1995 N u mber of 1 Total Emp l oye e s 489 Operati n g 160 Maintenance 87 Non-Maintena nce 162 Administrative 32 1991 1 992 Pre-1950 1991 1993 1996 3 1 66 37 266 1, 897 0 125 1 177 0 33 401 0 51 73 29 21 223 Hours of Service Weekday 0425-0056 0500 225 1 0352-0055 00 0 0-2400 Peak/Off-Pea k HeadWays 20

PAGE 29

Networt< Char acte ris tic s Network Miles E l ectr ification Singl e/Do u ble Track Gau ge R o u t e E nvi r o n m en t (%) A t G ra de S eparate RJW A t Grad e Street I n Subway or T unnel Eleva ted sta t ion Character istics Number o f stations IillA A ccessible Low, Mid, o r High Platforms Stati ons with Parking N umber of S pa ces F ree or P ay Active Fleet S ize R olli n g S toc k C9mmuter Rail Locomotives E l ectr ic (Y) Dle s Eiec (Y) Unpowered (Z) Commuter Rail Cars U npowered (K) Un p owered ( S ) 1 3.3 750V, T hird Rail Dou b l e 4' 8112<' 4 9 0 3 2 1 9 12 12 High 7 7,700 F r ee 1 100 2 1 182.7 11 Kv. O v emead Doub l e 4'811'" 100 0 0 0 39 0 L ow/High 42 16 ,800 Nl 1 123 4 2 0 1 1 8 80 22 5 750V, Overhe a d Bot h 4'8"2 39 92 8 0 0 2 4 2 4 Low 9 2,406 F ree 1

PAGE 30

Dimensions (Leng t h Width) 75 123 85'-126" 95' -114" Air Conditioning Yes Yes Yes Seat i ng Capacity 76 80-120 84 ADA Accessible Vehicles 100 57 35 Stee l or Rubber Tired Steel Steel Steel PropulSion Self propelled Locomotive Hauled Sel f propelled Manned or Unmanned Manned Manned Manned Train 6 Mode HR CR LR Fare Polley Flat Distance Fla t Base Far e $1.25. $3.oo s1.2s Transfer Fee $0 10 Free $0.10 Elderly Fare $0.45 $1.50 $0.4 5 Handicapped Fare $0.45 $1.50 $0 .45 Student Fare $0.85 $1. 50 $0.85 O ther Express E x press Adn Passes Weekly $11.00 $22.50 $11 .00 Month l y $42 .00 $75.00 $42.00 Other (LRIHRIMB daily) $3 .00 $3.00 Fare Collection Fare Payment C,T, P ,ST C,P,ST C,P,T NMP MSVC TI, NM ST,NMP Access Contro l ET Proof of Payment Barr ier Free Equipment Used MCR,C M M,TI C CMM CMM TI,CVM ... JanuJry 22

PAGE 31

(Millions) Unlinked Passenger Trip$ Annual Passenger Miles Annual Vehi cle Miles Service Aroa: Passenger Trips per Capita Paasenger Miles per capita Urbanl:ted Area: Passenger Trips per Capila Passe n er Miles per caplta Expenses Revenue Mikl Revenue Unlinked Operating Revenues Farebox Fedora! Assistanoe State AS$Islance Local Assislllnee Other HR CR 10.47 5 ()5 54.89 152 08 3.66 5.93 5.04 2.43 26.42 73.20 5.54 2 67 29.04 80.47 $32.95 $32.41 $9.01 $5 .47 $231 .62 $275.61 $3.15 $5.42 A LR MB 6 .23 85.13 40.84 280.74 2.22 20 .03 3.00 40 .98 19.66 135 12 3.30 4 5. 05 21.60 148.55 LR MB $17.44 $131 .00 $ 7 8 7 $111.64 $134 .53 S78.t0 $2.80 $1.64 $ 220,192,262 40.8% 4.6% 53.4 % 0 .0% 1 2% 23 Annual Unfinked Pauongor T rips {In lllUions) .... ... '"" ... JmtR8 c ., ] Annua l Passenger Miles (In M illions) '* 1S66 1wtl 10114 lmt.R{igcR.HR"'a I AMual OpGrating Expenses (In Millions) 1980 1 98$ 1 990 .... I !!! LR ll!.ll CR ..... MO I

PAGE 32

:::::: LightR-IILint Metro Line a.ingsMillo OldCo.lrt Milford Mil Cold 59rlng L.,.. RtiJtedown Plaza \ltst Cold Spring Mond.awmin lfP
PAGE 33

' J V,i[ginla ' Map courtesy: MARC 25 ' ' .

PAGE 34

The Massac h usetts Bay Transp011ation Authority (MBTA) operates commuter ra i l, l ight ra il heavy rai l motor bus and trolley bus transit service to 130 comm u nit i es and towns in the greater Boston and eastern Massachusetts area. Five light ra il routes, tota l ing 28.0 route mil es. comb ine street run ning with use of the first U.S subway, bui l t i n the 1890's Three heavy rai l l i nes, the most recent completed i n 1 983 total 37. 9 mi les. Diese l hauled pus h -pull commuter trains operate on 11 l ines with 265 route mi les. MBTA was created i n 1964 as the successor to l ocal public and private transportation oper a t ors Year of First Service 1964 1860's Year of Latest Expansion 1990 1995 Number of Routes Total Empl oyees 2 406 1 244 Operating 996 421 Maintenance 356 415 Non-Maintenance 594 315 Administrative 312 93 1897 Nl 1,2 1 3 497 224 294 181 Hours of Service Weekday 0500-0100 Peak/Off Peak Headways 26 '* 1 930 Nl Nl Nl 156 Nl 2,594 1 05 1,745 48 490 26 109 14 132 1 3 4 Nl Nl

PAGE 35

Network Characteristics Netwo r k Miles E leetrifocallon Sing l e/Double T r ac k Gau ge Ro ute Env i ronmen t (%) AI Grade Separa t e RPN AI Grade Stre e t In S ubway or Tunne l Eleva ted S tation C hara cteristics Number of Stations ADA Accessible Low, Mid, or High P l alforms Sta tions with Parking Number of Spaces Fre e or Pay Active Fleet Size Rolling Stock Commuter Rail l ocomotives Dies-E i ec(Y) Commute r Raj! Cars Rail Cars (C) Rail Ca r s (K) Light Rail lN.Pl (Artie. LRVs) Light RajllGl Heavv Rail lHl 37 9 650V, Third Rail Doubl e 4 8112-' 0 N l 53 33 High 15 13 ,000 $2 00/$4 .00 2 7 380 2 4 264. 4 N/A Both 4 81tbo 0 100 0 0 0 101 49 Low/High 80 1 9,000 Freei$1. 00 34 2 5 5 1 n 1 10 28 0 Catenary Dou b l e 4'81,/21' 56 48 36 16 0 95 0 Low 9 2,000 $2 00/$2.50 179 1 2

PAGE 36

D i mensions (Length-Width) 85' 126" 72 1 06 Air Conditioning Yes Yes Yes Seat i ng Capacity 76 92-185 42-52 ADA Acces i ble Vehicles 1 00 342 No Stee l or Rubber Tired Steel Steel Steel S in gle Car or Trai n Train Train Single Carrrrai n Manned or Unmanned Manned Manned Manned Maximum Tra i n Fa r e Policy Fla t Zonal F lat Base Fare so.a5 so. as so. as Transfer Fee Free None Free Elderly Fare $0 20 $0.40 $0 .20 Handicapped Fare $0 .20 $0.40 $0.20 Student Fare $0.40 $0.40 $0.40 Other Passes Weekly Monthly $27 .00 $27 00 $27 .00 Other F a re Collection Fare Payment C T,P C,P,PC,ST C,T,P .PC NMP ,MST NMP,MSTP NMP,MSTP Access Cont rol MF ,MT Nl EF ,MT Equipment Used TI,CVM MCC Nl CMM,TI CS CVM 28

PAGE 37

62.51 8.95 190.02 165.76 $9.11 $2Q0.39 p,.,,enge r l $1.11 Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance Sta t e Assistance Local Assistanoe Othe r $625 $188.51 $4.30 : > 41.69 38.30 58.37 104.09 $17 1 7 $257 60 SO.S8 $8.75 $ 1 04.8 $2.15 $11.06 $144.4 $2.51 $742, 149,248 26.4% 2 .3% 53.8% 16.4% 1.1% 29 A n n u a l Unlinked Passe nger Trips (ln Millions) 1980 1 98S 1990 1994 I i8!ll L R CR 1!111 HR ..... I Annua l Passenger M iles 1980 1 985 199 0 1 994 1 m L R lii!ll c. 1111 "" ... 1 Annual Operating Expenses (ln Millions) 1930 1985 1990 1994 m L R li!l c li!ll "" ... I

PAGE 38

Map courtesy: Mic:llaei 'A:dler 30

PAGE 39

St Map courtesy: Michael Adler 31

PAGE 40

Niagra Frontier Transportatio n Authority (NFTA) operates lig ht rai l and b u s transit services in Buffalo New York and a dj acent comm u n i ties. The sin gl e 6 2 m i l e light rail system opened in 1985 with a fleet of 2 6 vehic l es. NFTA also operates 369 buses over a 42 rout e syst em. Th e light r ai l li n e opera tes o n t h e s u rface i n t h e downtown area where Ma i n Street has been converted i n to a 1 5 m ile rai l and pedes tri an mall Th e r emai n der of the line is in a subway tun nel. E ight of th e fourteen s tations are in the tunnel. NFTA is th e o n l y new U.S. light rai l system not to use articu l ated LRVs Yea r of Fi rst Servic e Yea r of La test Expansion Tota l E mpl oyees Operating M a i ntenance N on-Maintenance Admi nistra t ive 1 985 N l 1985 N l 1 42 173 955 57 644 3 0 214 81 47 5 50 Hours o f Serv ice Wee kday P eak!OffPeak Headways 0530 1240 0430..0150 32

PAGE 41

.. ; . . Mode LR Mode LR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 27 Network Miles 6 2 Vehicle 9.4 Electrification 650V, Overhead Rotting Stock Sing l e/Double Track Double 27 Ga uge 4'8112" Veh i c l e Characteristics Number of Grade 8 Dimensions 66'1" .. 103" Route Environment(%) Air Conditioning Yes At Grade Separate RIW 0 Sea t ing Capacity 51 At Grade Street 18 ADA Accessible Vehic les 27 In Subway or Tunne l 82 Steel or Rubber Tired steel Elevated 0 Single Car or Train Sin gle Car Station C haracteris tics Manned or Unmanned Manned Number of Stat i ons 14 Maximum Train Length 3cars ADA Accessible 14 Low Mid, or H igh Platforms Low/High Stations w ith Parking 2 Number of Spaces 1 ,400 Free or Pay Free Ma intenance F a ciiiUes 1 Mode LR Passes Fare Policy Flat Weekly Base Fare $1.25" Monthly $44.00 Transfer Fee Free Other E l der l y $0. 55 Fare Collection Handicapped $0.55 Fare Paym ent C T,P,NMP student $0 55 Access Control EF Other Used 33

PAGE 42

(M i llions} Passenge r Trips Passenger Miles Area J Pss<"a, t ing Expenses (M i llions) Veh. Revenue M i le Veh. Revenue Hour Operating Revenues Farebox Fed""'l Assistance S1ate Assistance Local Assistance Other LR M B 8.25 22.37 19.06 69.78 6 .98 18.92 16.12 59 .03 8 .64 23.44 $13 .60 $50.11 $15.10 $6.05 $ 197.72 $69.41 $64,791 ,46 32.4% 9 .3% 20.4% 36.8% 1 1% 3 4 Annua l Unlinked Passenger Trip& On Millions} '"" 1985 19EIO 13L R M S I Annual Passenger M iles (In Millions) ""' IM:S 19$0 li!ill ... l Annua l Operating Expenses (In Million s ) ,.,. ...

PAGE 43

:i . . Sou1h Campus (SUNY) Lasalle Amherst Street Hum boldt-Hospi tal Delavan-College Utica Summe-Best Allen-Hospital Theater Fountain Plaza Lafaye tte Square Church Seneca Audi t orium Station Map courtesy: Ben Walker 35

PAGE 44

The Chattanooga Area Reg i ona l Transportation Authority (CARTA) owns and opera t es the Lookout Mounta i n Incline Ra i lway in a d d ition to its regu lar b u s transtt service. The i nclined plane t echnology consists of two counterba l anced, 44 passenge r cars powered by a movi n g cable, operati n g on a s i ngle track with a mid-po int passing s i ding Opened i n 1895, the inclined plane serves local res i dents and tourists a n d c l a ims to be the wor l d s steepest passenge r r ai l way with a 72.7 percent grade n ea r the top o f its one mil e rou t e The incl i ned plane hand l ed a l most 500 000 passe n gers in 1994 Year of F i rst SeNice Year of L atest Expa n sio n Total Employees Operating Malntenanoe Non-Ma i ntenance Adm i n i strat ive I ;"" : . :. . .. Address: 1 617WikOX 'Boulevard -.. ; .:Cnotlaiii>qga., Ttl3i4oo : . f'!lori
PAGE 45

Mode IP Mode IP Networtt Characteristics Active Aeet Size 2 Network Miles 0 .65 Vebide 7. 0 Electrification Nl Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Single Inclined Plane 2 Gauge NIA Vehicle Characteristics Number of Grade 0 Dim e n si ons 4 2'3' 96" Route Environment(%) Air CondHion lng No AI Grade Separate RJW 100 Seating Capacity 44 AI Grade Street 0 ADA Accessi b l e Vehicles 0 In SUbway or Tunnel 0 Steel or Rubt>er Tired Steel Elevated 0 Single car or Train Single Car Station Characteristics M a n ned or Unmann e d Manned Numt>er of Stations 2 Maximum Train Length N/A ADA Accessib l e 2 Low, Mid, or High Platform s Nl Stations with Parking Nl N umber of Spaces Free or Pay Main1enance FacOHlee 1 Mode IP Paasea Nl Fare Poliey Flat Weekly Base Fare $ 7 .00" Monthly Transfer Fee Free Other Elderly Fare $7. 00 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $7 .00 Fare Payment C,TT Student Fare $4. 00 Access Contr ol Other Used CS,PCS 37

PAGE 46

(M illions) Passen ger Trip s Passenger Miles Area: I Operati t ljJ Exp e n s e s (M i l l i o ns) Veh. Reve nue Mile Veh. Revenue Hour Unlink ed Operating Re venues F arebox Federa l Assi s tance State A ssistance Local Assistance Other I P M B 0 .50 1 .81 0.50 1 0 55 1.74 6 33 1.74 36 96 1.68 6.09 $0.72 $5.99 $43 .25 $3.34 $ 123. 35 $5 0 0 5 $7,112,243 36. 9% 15.6% 11.6% 32.7% 3.2% 38 A n nua l Unlin ked Passenge r T rips (In M illions) ""' .... .... Annual P a ssenge r M iles On Millions) '"" ... ,.., Annual Operating Expenses (In Millions) ..... .... .----------------------. .... '"' ... ...

PAGE 47

Map unavai l able prior to publication. 39

PAGE 48

Primarty because o f th e division of rai l service In Chi cago the Chicago portion in this guidebook is divided int o three segments, u rban serv i ces opera t ed by CTA and regional serv i ces operated by METRA and NICTD. The first section will describe and report on CTA services and operatio n s The Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) operates seven heavy rai l l i nes into C hicago and adjacent suburbs. These fines tota l 103 9 miles, a r e th ird ra i l e l ectrified, use h i gh-leve l platforms and opera t e in tra i ns of severa l cars Some l ines access downtown Chicago, known as the "Loop" area via e levated trackage that dates from the late 19th century Oth ers use subWay l ines bui l t in the mid 20th century. Recen t constructio n of two new lines, partially in the median of major freeways and along other railroad rig h ts ofway, l ink O'Hare Airport (1984) and Midway Airport (1994) w ith downtown Chi cago Year of First Service Year o f latest Expa n s ion T o ta l Employees Operating M aintenance Non4Maintenance Admi nistrative Ho u rs of Service Weekday Peak/Off Peak Headways 40 1974 Nl 1993 Nl 7 132 4 ,111 7,479 2 002 4 ,795 748 1 525 663 424 201 433 497 0000 2400 0000 2400

PAGE 49

Mode HR Mode HR Network Ch aracteristics Active F l eet Size 1 239 Network Miles 103.9 Vehicle 11.2 E l ecltification OOOV, Third Rail Rolling Stock Sing l e/Double Track Doub l e Heavy Rail (H) 1 194 Gauge 4'81/211 Rail 45 Number of Grade 25 Vehicle C haracteristics Route Environment (%) Dimensions (Len gth-Width ) 48'-112" At Grade Separate RMI 0 Air Condttioning Yes AJ. Grade Street 49 Seating Capacity 46-51 I n Subway or Tunnel 11 ADA Accessible Vehicles 1,048 Elevate d 40 S teel or Rubber Ti red Steel Station Characteristics Single car or Trai n Tra i n Number of S t ations 145 Manned o r Unmanned Manned ADA Accessible 0 Maximum Tra i n Length 10 Cars Low, Mid, or High P l atforms High Stations with Parking 8 Number of Spaces Nl Free or Pay $1.001$2. 75 Maintenance Facilities 13 Mode H R Passes Fare Policy Flat Weekly Base Fare st.so Monthly $88 00 Transfer Fee $0 30 Other Fare $0.7 5 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $0. 75 Fare Payment C,T P MSVC Student Fare $0.75 Access Control ET Other Used 41

PAGE 50

(Millions) PasSger Trips per C apita M i les per Capita Area: Trips per Caplla HR MB 1 4 3 58 331.52 786.07 908.57 38 .71 89 .39 2 44 .98 22 1. 95 21. 14 48.81 .. Perfi :::::: ...... ., Operating El
PAGE 51

Map courtesy: www.subway.l<2nesoft.com/transitmapslindax.htmJ 43

PAGE 52

Organized under the Regional Transportation Authority (RTA), METRA operates commuter rai l services using double deck gallery cars formerly owned by the Burlington Norlhem Chicago and North Western Ill inois Central Gulf, Milwaukee Road Norfolk and Western, and Rock Isla n d railroads. METRA has also inaugurated one new commuter rail li ne to bring Service up to a total of 13 routes. With a 425 mile network and an annual traffic of 1.4 billion annua l passenger miles, METRA ranks after Long Island and Metro North as the third l argest North American commuter rail carrier. The former Burlington Northern and Chicago and North Western lines are operated under contract by the rail carriers for METRA. North Western was merged into the U nion Pacific in 1g95, Other services are operated directly by the agency. Year of First Service Year of La1est Expansion Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 44 :; . 1984 1996 13 3,527 1,280 988 659 422 0420-0156

PAGE 53

. ; ; .... Mode CR Mod e N etwork Characteristics Active Fleet Size Network Miles 425 9 .. Electrification 1.5 Kv. Ovemoad Rolling Stock SingleiDoub!e Track Both Commute[ Ba i Cars Gauge 4 8t.Qit Electric ( G ) Number of Grade 452 Unpowered (S) Route Environment( % ) Unpowered (K) AI Grad e Separate RNV 100 Bail LgcgmQtn!= At Grade Street 0 DleseiEiectric In Subway or Tunnel 0 Vehlct. Characteristics Elevated 0 Dime n sions (Length-11\/idth) Station Characteristics /IJr Conditioning Number of Stations 114 Seating Capacity ADA Accessible 59 ADA Accessib le Vehides Low, Mid or High Platf011T1s Low/Hig h Stee l or Rubber Tired Stations with Parking 200 Single Car or Tra in Number of Spaces Nl Manned or Unmanned Free or Pay Both Maximum Train Length Maintenance Facilities 8 Mode CR Passes Fare Polley Zonal Weekl'y Base Fare $ 1. 75* Monthly Transfer Fee Free Other Elderly Fare $0.85 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $0.85 Fare Payment Student Fare $0. 85 other Aooess Control Used Route mile$ of the fonner Il linois Ctnttal Ralffoad are e5actriflod. 4 5 CR 982 24 0 165 526 161 130 85'. 127" Yes 14S.161 172 Stee l Trai n Manned 6-1 2 cars $14 .00 $47.25 C P ,PC, MSVC ST NMP MSTP ET

PAGE 54

(Millions) Passenger Trips Passenge-r Mi les Area : per Capita Miles pe r Capita Area : per Cap it a I O I'""' ting Expe nse s (Milli ons) Veh. Revenue Mile Veh. Revenu e Hour Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance Sta t e Assist a nce L ocal Assistance Other 80 CR 65.87 1 400.09 i 17.66 378.23 20 9.70 0 1$00 1200 ... $309.70 $27 4 7 ... $904.57 300 0 ... $435 ,082,891 3 00 57. 4 % 1 .3% 2 00 0 .3% 100 34. 0 % 7 .0% 0 46 A nnua l Unlinked Passe nger Trips (In M i llions) 1-. 1--1-. 1. 1-" .. 1 985 1990 locj A n nua l Passenger M iles (In M illions) 1-1. , . f-1--' i-, 1-.. . .. t '. 1-. . i--':. ' I ... 1980 19$5 1990 1994 I 0 cj Annua l Operating Expe n ses pn Milli ons) :..'t. ;;J't_iki--: .. ;i. \,! ;.,_, .. ... 1980 1985 1 990 I OCR I . .. 1to4 ; I I I-I H I + I

PAGE 55

Please refer to the map on the follow i ng page. 47

PAGE 56

Metra System UP_,. .....,..... P"'CCIIc IIMMU.... WI UPCNoliO) (MI'l)"' HIIMrd UP. W M ..... ....... llniiiOftll.mi-I..W 01ic:e46 (IXIICit bioi!) to FaD! Ult MO-W ...,., ...... o ....... Mtii'U.. sation) to fl;IAII;, nm:ooc ... ...,.,...e.e. ....... QIICWQ I,UIIoriSltZilolt)toAnelcdl .,.. ................ ......._. ...... ,... CliiCIQO l,\llllol:l Slllion) 110 A:mlrl ME --Ctlc.(lll) (fWI1'*" StJtel a.MIJI) Uf'IMI'Iitt PaN HC .............. (;omotw ..... IIIIIR/S......_.._.. P v1. ...... ct' ...... Diefd OfOOO (USillb Slldoll) IO..IoW! sa C\'1000 StrMt $talon) :0 $u11018MQ. I W Map courtesy: www.subway.k2nesoft.com/transitmapsfondex.html 48

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THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK. 49

PAGE 58

The "South S h ore" line, officially the Chi cago South Shore and South Bend, is owned by the Northern Indiana Commuter Transportation District (NICTD). This 87. 8 mile commuter rail line Is the l ast interurban railway operating in the U.S. Electric mul t i pl e-unit single-leve l passenger tra ins draw 1 500 vo l ts d .c. from overhead catenary and share track w ith d i esel powered freight trains. Commuter trains run from Randolph Street Station in Chi cago via Hammond and Gary to Mich igan City and South Bend Indiana Service is p rovided by a fleet of 50 modem cars buitt by Nippon Shariyo in 1982-92. A new lntermOdal station opened at the Michiana Airport near South Bend in 1993 Year o f First Service Year of Latest Expansion Number of Routes Total Employees Ope rating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak HeadWays so ;:. : Tranol 'System:>NK;TD .Addr8sS: 12 .Chesteiton, 1i'll4&304 Pti0ne:c(i1S)926'6744' tJ1>. Populati,On: 6,ns ;iie7 UA l.al)d'Area (sq> miles): 1,585 SetviOi Sennce Jlri>aJ..alidArea'($Q.,mlles): 1,970 ... 1908 1993 1 248 92 69 51 25 11 0402-0225

PAGE 59

N etwork Charact eristics Active Fleet Size 58 Network Miles 87.8 Vehicle 8.4 Electrification 1 .5Kv,Ovemead R olling stock SingleJDoubte Track Both Commute[ Bilff cars Gauge 4 '81/2to E lectric Powered (N) 48 Numbe r of Grade 149 10 Route Environment ( 4) Vehicle C haracteris tic s At Grade Separate RfW 96 Dimensions ( Length-'Mdt h) 85' 126" At Grade street 4 Air Yes In Subway or Tunnel 0 Seating Capacity 93 Elevated 0 ADA Accessible Vehicles 48 Station Characteristics Steel or R u bber Tired Steel N umber of Stations 18 Single Car or Train T rain ADA Accessible 7 Manned or Unmanned Manned Low, Mid, o r High P latforms Low/High Maximum T rain Length SCar s S tations with Parking Nl Number of Spaces Free or Pay Freel$0.75 Ma inte nance Facilities 1 Mode CR Paasea Fare Policy Zonal Weekly Base Fare $2.95' Monthly $79. 95 Transfer Fee Free Other Elderly Fare $0. 95 Fare Collection Handicapped Fa.re $0 .95 Fare Payment C P PC ST ,NMP Student Fare $1.85 Access Control N l Other (University Student) $1.85 Equipment Used CVM,PCS $1.85 51

PAGE 60

eo "' $20.86 ,. $ 1 0.24 $359.36 2<1 2S Operating Revenues $21 ,666,033 20 Farebox 49.0% 1S Federal Assistanoe 9.2% State Assistance 22.9% Local Assistance 15.2% ., Other 3.7% 0 52 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Millions) I . lli "' h u . .. \' . 1980 Annual Passenger Miles (In Millions) .. .. . ,, . I ; ,_, . .: t . '.'. -. .n ''--;, I ,., __ .... ... .. .. Annual Operating Expenses (In Millions) .. .. . . ;-1 1.;... yl' ... ;: -.... 1 985 1ii0 'I o--. -c....,l I i I I ; .... I H 1-. ... I I o .. .-L I-I ' I ,,..

PAGE 61

Map Courtesy : www n it cd com/systemmap. html ;,_ _ :: :. ff-0 rL\ e ... r' i i ;.: ;; J [ iE;7:. 1llr.fd (&1! :?.f I::: n .. ;' ; .. ; : -:;. 'Y:_:_:;-: _-_:_ -',:. L_:. --:; -:.i .. }t . ?5./ 53

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The Greater C l eve l and Regio nal Transtt Authority (GCRTA) operates heavy rail, l ight rail and bus transtt serv i ces in Cleve l and and adjacent communities in Cuyahoga County The initial segment of the 19 1 mile Red Line heavy rail route which opened for service in 1955 was the first new ra i l tra n sit l i n e built in the U.S. since the 1920s. The former Shake r Heights Rapid Transtt two-line system was acquired and rebuin as the 13.4 mile Blue and Green LRT lines of GCRTA. An extension of the l ight rail line from Terminal Tower to the Flats district opened in 1996 Heavy and light rail l ines have operated into the $60 million Terminal Tower transiVreta i Voffice complex since 1990. Year of First Service 1955 Yea r of Latest Expansion 1968 Number of Tota l Employees 295 Operat ing 1 28 Maintenance 62 Non-Maintenance 81 Admin i strative 23 1920 Nl 1996 1995 2 102 161 2 012 70 1,284 34 365 44 77 13 2n 1 10 Hours of Service Weekday 0321-2227 0405-
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Mode Network Characteristics Network Electrification Single/Doub l e Track Gauge Route Environment (o/o) At Grade Separate RIW At Grade Street In Subway or Tunnel Station Characte ristics Number of S t ations ADA Accessible Low, Mid, or H igh Platforms Stations with Park ing Number of Spaces Free or Pay Facilities .. Mode Active F leet Size Rotting Stock Heavy Rail (N) Heavy Rall (G) : . . . HR 19.1 600V, Overhead Double 4'81.Q" 0 97 0 3 18 1 High 9 3,071 Free HR 60 20 4 0 55 LR 13.4 600V Overhead Double 4 '8112 .. 19 54 46 0 0 29 0 Low 1 4 1,719 Free 1 LR 48 13.0 48

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Dimens ions (Length-Wid t h) 75' -124" 80' -111 Air C ondition i n g Yes Yes Seating Capac ity 80-84 84 ADA Acces i ble Vehic les 60 No Steel o r Rubber Tired Steel Steel Single Car o r T r ain Train S i ng l e Car Man ned or Unmanned Man ned Mann e d Mode HR LR Fare P olicy Flat F l at B ase Fa r e $ 1 5 0 s1 5o Transfer Fee F r ee Free Elder l y Fare $0 50 S0. 50 Ha n dicapped Fare $ 0.5 0 $0.50 S t udent Fare S1.00 $1.00 Other P asses Weekly $13 50 $13 .50 Month l y $54 00 $54.00 O ther Fare Collection Fare Payment C ,P,TI.NMP C,P ,TI, NMP Access Control E F EF 56

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(Millions) IUr1finlked Pas senger Trips I Am,ual Passenge r MUss Area: Trips per Capita Mliles per Cap i ta Urbanjzed Area: Trips per Capita Miles HR LR MB 6.9 1 4.26 48.75 52. 99 27. 18 188.20 4 .89 3.0 1 34.52 37.52 19.25 133 .2 7 4.12 2.54 29.06 16. 20 Revenue Mile $10.26 $11.93 $5.94 Revenue Hour $266.75 $246.92 $28.17 Operating Revenue s F erebox Federal Assistan c e State Local Assistance Other $176, 199 ,728 24.3% 5.1% 4.0% 64.3% 2.3% 57 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Millions) 1980 1Q$5 1&90 199 4 I &8111 LR 111111 HR ... I Annual Passenger Miles (In Millions) 1 980 t98S 1 990 1 994 I l!lSi!LR BIIHR.,J Annual Operating Expenses (In Millions) t$80 198$ 1994 Jm '" 1111 "" ... J

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Map Courtesy: Michael Adler 58

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PAGE 68

The Dallas Area Regional Transit Authority (DART) was created as a regional transit agency in 1983 following voter approval of a one percent sales tax. A modified transit development plan was approved in 1989which called for 65 miles o f light rail, 35 miles of HOV lanes and 18 miles of commuter r_ail. SeMce opened I n 1996 on the first 1 1 miles of the 20 mile light rail l ine connecting doWntown Dallas to Park Lane and Oak Cliff. The line combines existing rail line, new subway, and downtown street running. DART deviated from most U.S. light rail systems by purchasing specially designed cars rather than offthe-shelf equipment Year of First Service Year of Latest Expansion Number of Total Employees Operating Non-Maintenance Administrative Nl 1,894 1 ,015 213 100 414 152 Hours of Service Weekday 0530-2400 0415-0124 Peak/Off-Peak Headways 60 I

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Mode LR Mode LR Network Characteristics Acticve Fleet Size 40 Network Mi les 1 8 0 Veh i cle 1 Elecllification 750 DC, Overhead Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Double 40 Gauge 4'81J211 Vehicle Characteristics Number of Grade 4 1 D i mensions (Le n gth -Wi dth) 93' 106" Route Environment(%) Nl Ai r Condit ioning Yes At Grade Separate RIW Seating Capacity 76 At Grade Street ADA Acceslble Vehicles 0 In Subway or Tun n el Steel or Rubber Tired Steel Elevated Single Car or Tra in S i ngle Car Station Characteristics Manned or Unmanned Manned Number of Stations 21 Maximum Train Length 3Cars ADA Accessible 21 low, Mid, or High Platforms Low Stations with Parking 9 Number of Spaces 3 804 Free or Pay F ree Mainte nance Facilities 1 Mode LR Passes F a re Polley Flat Weekly Base Fare $1.50 Monthly $23.00 Transfe r Fee Fnee Other (Senior Monthly) $5.00 Elderly Fare $0. 1 5 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $0 25 Fare Payment C,P ,TI Stude nt Fare $0 25 Access Control EF Other $0 25 Equipment Used CMM 61

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(Mi llions ) U nlinkd Passenge r Trips IArnu,el Passenger Miles Area: Cspita M iles per Cap ita Area: Trips pe r Cspita Miles Operating Revenues Farebox Federa l Assistance State Assistance Local Assistance Other LR MB Nl 44.91 Nl 162.76 Nl Nl Nl 126 .35 6 .05 86.16 N l $ 1 2 6 35 $6.05 $86.16 $182 993,219 12.0% 0.4% 0 .0% 81.9% 5 7% 62 Annual Unlinked P assenger Trips (In Millions) ""' 1 985 1 990 1 "" I Annua l PaS$enger M ilas (In Millio ns) 1 980 1985 1990 1 .. Annual Operating Expenses (In Millions) 1980 100S-.-_ __:1000 [ ... I ,. .. .. 1994

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ToFort'W'ottb VAI.,.dioal Ce-Mt'l' Line Blue Line ... NORTH Map courtesy: Michael Adler ... ,._. .. ... , ___ ... --.. . ,_ .... .... i ,, . '11'::--r.;' : .. f'S".:0:t'JtlFJ t t t:}i 1 l w t;--:J. ... ii1-': J t!r 1 ,;;.'-' : .. !t'if: titr.\ .. ;(?) ';!:;ij: J ---:-+-"_ __ .-. ___ .. __ ___ _'" ______ ___ -'-..,._ -_-_.; /?'. -t rf.!?; J .}I 1 f 0;:51i"::k"bili ,,: (l [' ... -... -: ... j -._,, \<' -'-'-> .. .. 63

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Year of First Service Year of Latest Expansion Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Peak/Off-Peak Headways 65 Nl Nl Nl

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Mode LR Mode LR Netwo rk C hara cte risti cs Nl Activ e Fleet Size Nl Network Miles Vehic l e Nl Electrification Rollin g Stock Nl Sin gle/Do u ble Track Rail Gauge Vehicle Characteristics N l Number of G rade Dime n s i ons (Lengtii-1/Vid th ) Route Env ironment(%) Ni Air Conditi on in g At Grade Separale RIW Seating Capac ity At Grade Street ADA A cc ess ib le Vehic l es In Subway o r Tunnel S tee l o r Rub b e r Tired E l evated Single Car or Train Stati o n Characteristics Nl Manned or Unmanned Numbe r of Stations Max i mum Trai n Leng th ADA Acc e ssib l e Low, M i d or H ig h Platforms Stations with P a rking Nl Numbe r of S pa ces Fre e or Pay Maintenance F a cilities Nl M ode LR PaS$88 Nl Fare P olicy Wee kly Base Fa r e $ 1 .50 M o n thly Transfer Fee Nl Other E l derly Fare $ 0 .50 F a re Collection N l Handicapped Fa r e $0 50 Fare Paym en t Stude nt Fare Nl Aocess C ont ro l O t her $ 1 0 0 Used 66

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(Mil l i ons) LR jU1nlinked Passenger Trips Nl IA11nUal Passenge r Miles Nl Area: Nl Trips per Capi ta Mi le s per capita Area: Nl T rips per Capita Expenses (Miloons) Nl IP'""'eh. Revenue Mile Veh. Revenue Hour Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistance Local Assistance 011\er Nl 67

PAGE 76

Miami Val ley RTA operates 33 motor bus and 5 tro l ley b u s routes i n Dayton, O h io and surrou n d ing com mu n i ties It i s o n e o f five U.S oper a t ors o f trolley bu ses a n d the o nly o n e t h at does not also opera t e l i g ht rai l lines The fleet conta ins 226 diese l buses and 39 tro l ley buses. T h e tro lley b u s routes consbtute 10. 2 p e rcent of the network, yet gen erate 22. 4 percent o f trips a n d 16.5 pe rcent of p asse nger miles Mo t o r bus a n d trolley bus ro u tes operate as a t o t ally i n tegrated system with no distinction as t o fares or transfers Y ear o f F i rst S ervice Yea r of Latest Expansion Total Empl o ye es Operating M a intenance Non-Ma i nt enance Administrative 1972 1980 Nl 1 99 2 5 33 113 45 1 68 298 1 5 79 9 12 10 62 0 Hours of Service Weekday 0422-0120 0422 0120 Peak/Off-Peak Headways 6 8

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Mode TB Mode TB Network Characteristics Act i ve F l eet Size 39 Network Mile s 54 4 17. 0 Electrifica t ion Nl Rolling Stock Sin gle/Double Track E800 39 Gauge Ve h i c l e Characteristics Number of Grade Dimens i o n s (Length-Width) 40' 102" Route Env i ronment(%) Ai r Con d itioning Yes At Grad e Separate RIW 0 Seating Capac ity 49 At Grade S t reet 1 00 ADA Accessible Vehicles 39 In SubWay or Tunnel 0 Stee l or Rubbe r Tired Rubber E l evated 0 Single Car or Tra i n Single Car Station CharaCteristics Nl Man ned or Unman ned Manned Number of stations M aximum Trai n Length Nl ADA Accessible Low Mid, or H i g h P l atforms Stations with Park ing Nl Number o f Spaces Free or Pay M a i n t enance Facilities 1 Mode TB Pass e s Fare Policy F l at Wee kly $6. 50 Base Fare $0.90 Monthly $25. 0 0 T ra n sfer Fee Free Oth e r Nl Elderly Fare $0 .4 5 Fare Col lec1lon Handicapped Fare $0.45 Fare P ayment C T,P,MSTP Studen t Fare $0 .45 Access C o ntro l MF Other Nl Used 6 9

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(Millions ) Passenger Trips Passenger Mites Area: JPISSox Federal Assistance State Assistance Local Assistance Other TB 2.71 6 90 4.72 12. 0 2 4 41 MB 16.34 60.78 15.29 $8 17 $31.17 $6 95 $4.46 $73.37 $63.91 $42,631,009 15% 7% 6% 62% 10% 70 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips ( I n Millions) 1&80 1 965 1990 I e?il T Q .... I Annual Passenger M ile s (In Millions) +------1980 19&5 ... Annua l Operating Expenses (In Millions) 1994 1 ... 1900 ... 1 990 1 ...

PAGE 79

Map unavailable prior to publication. 71

PAGE 80

Denve(s Regiona l Trans it D i s t rict ( RTD) opened th e 5.3 m i l e starter segment o f a plan n ed 3 0 mile l i ght rail n etw ork i n Oct o be r 1994 A flee t of 11 a rt i c u lated LRVs operates one a n d two car tra in s at 10 m in ute pea k hour h eadways The line connects downt own Denver with the F i ve Poi nts and A u raria d i stricts a n d the 1 2 5 corridor l eadi n g t o th e s ou th e rn s uburbs. About half t h e li n e pa rall els an e x isti n g rail line the other h alf is in city s t reets. Major rero utes of bus li nes feed in to the 1-25 /Broadway t erm i nal. RTD o pe rates more tha n 800 b u ses on 156 routes i n s ub urban a n d in tercity Denver, plus loca l service in Boulder and L on g mont. Yea r of La test Expans ion of Routes T otal E m p l oy ees Operati n g M a in t e nance Non-Mai ntenance Administra t ive 1994 1 7 6 34 19 14 8 Hours of S e rvice Wee k d a y Peak/Off-Pea k Headways 0430-0100 72 1 996 156 1,78 1 995 38 1 104 280 Nl

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Mode LR Mode LR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 11 Netw ork Miles 5 3 Vehicle 1.0 Eleclrificallon Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Double Articulaled LRVs 11 Gauge 4'8112 Vehicle Characteristics N umber of Grade Crossings 33 Dimens ions ( Len gth-\M dth ) 80'-103 Route Environment(%) Ai r Condit ioni ng Yes At Grade Separate RfW 66 Seating Capacity 64 At Grade Street 34 ADA Accessible Vehicles 1 1 In Subway or T unnel 0 S t eel or R u bber T ired S t eel Elevated 0 Single Car or Trai n Sin gle Car Station Characteristics Ma n ned or Unmanned Ma n ned Number of Sta tions 1 5 Maximum Train Length 3Cars ADA Accessible 15 Low Mid o r High Platforms Low Stations with Parking 2 Number of Spaces 270 Free or Pay Nl Maintenance F acHities 1 Mode LR Passes Fare Policy F lat Weekly Base Fare $0.5o Monthly $ 27.5 0 Transfer Fee Free Other Elderly Fare $0.15 Fare Collection Handicapped Far e $0. 25 Fare Payment C,P ,ST,NMP Student Fare $0.25 Access Control EF Other Used 73

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(Mflli ons) IU111inkec Passenger Trips JAlmual Passenger Miles Area : LR MB 0 .96 61.48 2.63 231.05 0.48 1.32 30.74 115.53 Light rJi l servi ce began in October 1994 $3.68 $129 .89 $33.62 $4.96 $542.52 $80.85 Operatlng Revenues $136 306,831 Fare box 19% Federal Ass i stance 5% State Assistance 0% Local Assistance 68% Other 8% 74 A nnual Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Millions) 19ecl ,,., ... .... I Annual Passenge r M iles (In Millions) 1994 ... 1NS t990 ll!l!!ll loiS I Annua l Operating Expenses (In Millions) llill!S l R 1<8 ,,..

PAGE 83

30tlt & OO...nln.g 27th & \/elto n 25th tt 20th&Welton 18111 tt t.alfou'lla t6th&:l:alilomia 14th &Californi 4 AI.I:Mi.a C.mpos tOth&Osage 1 & Btoadvav $ Bv$1SAv.e iii$ NKampdMAw Proposed fl"""'dAw Line (2000) g ... ._. tl .,. _&Minot.:.! Avo Map courtesy: Michael Adler 75

PAGE 84

The Detroit Transportation Corporation (DTC) operates a 2.9 mile automated guideway system in downtown The guideway system opened in 1987 and uses 121inear induction powered cars to serve 13 stations i n a loop originally designed to serve as a distributor for a proposed ligh t rail line that has not bee n built. The operation is entirely automated and controlled from a centra l location. Access to high platform stations, many located i nside buildings and parking structures, is t hrough gates opened by fare payment or magnetic-striped monthly passes. Year of First Service Year of Latest Expansion Number of Routes Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 76 100 49 37 0 14 0 0700-2300

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Mode AG Mode AG Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 12 Network Miles 2.9 Veh i cle 8 0 Elect rifi cation Nl Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Sing l e Fully Automated Gauge 4'8 1/llt Linear Induction Number of Grade Crossings 0 Vehicle Characteristics Route Environment(%) D i me n sions At Grade Separate RIW 0 Air Cond ition ing Yes At Grade Street 0 Seating Capac ity 34 In S u bway or Tunnel 0 ADA Accessi b l e Vehicles 2Neh E l evated 100 Steel or Rubbe r Tired Rubber Station Characteristics Single Car or Train Single car Number of Statio n s 13 Man n ed or Unmanned Unmanned ADA Accessible 13 Maximum Trai n Lengt h Nl Low, Mid or H igh Platforms High Stations with Parking Nl Number of Spaces Nl Free or Pay Pay Main t enance Facilities Non e Mode AG Passes Fare Policy Fla t Weekly Base Fare $0.50' Monthly $20 00 Transfe r Fee Free Other An n ual Semi a nn ual Elderly Fare $0.25 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $025 Fare Payment C,T,P Student Fare Access Control ET Other Used Nl 77

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(Million) Passenger Trips I ) Passenger Miles Area: Trips per M ileo per Area: Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance Stale Assistance Local Assistance Other AG 2.39 3.40 400.98 569.79 0.65 $7.6 7 $15. 53 $180.13 $8,297 ,311 13% 0% 0% 83% 4% 78 1 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Millions) 1tl8 t 1985 1990 I I Annual Passenger M iles (In Millions) 1994 +---------------- 1 961 1985 1990 1994 Annual Operating Expenses ( In Millions ) 1981 1985 1 990 1994

PAGE 87

Map Courtesy: Detron People Mover Publications 7 9

PAGE 89

Mode CR Mode CR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 31 Network Miles 66. 4 Vehicle 9.6 Electrification N/A Commuter Rail LOCQmo\jyes Single/Double Track Sing l e ( Y) 9 Gauge 4'81121< Unpowered (Z) 1 Number of Grade Crossings 68 QQmmuter Rail Ca r s Route Environment(%) Unpowered (C) 1 5 At Grade Separate RNV 100 6 At Grade Street 0 Vehicle Characteristics In Subway or Tu nnel 0 Dimensions (Lengti>-\Mdlh) 85'-118'' Elevated 0 Ai r Yes Station Characteristics Seating Capacity 159 162 Number of Statio n s 15 ADA Accessib le Vehicles 21 ADA Accessible 1 5 Steel or Rubber Tired Steel Low, Mid, or H ig h Platforms Low S ingle Car or Train Tra i n Stations with Parking 14 Manned or Unmanned Manned Number of Spaces Nl Maximum Trai n L e n gth scars Fre e or Pay F ree Maintenance Facilities 1 Mode CR Passes Fare Policy Zonal Week l y Base Fare $2 .oo Month l y Zonal up to $80.00 Transfe r Fee Free Othe r 1 2 Pack Tickets Elderly Fare $1.00 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $1.0 0 Fare Payment T P ,TT, NMP Student F are $1.00 Access Control Honor System Other S t uden ts ) $1.0 0 Equipment Used Manned Booths Free 81

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(Mi llions) JUrllinlked Passenger T rips JArnual Passenger Miles IPsS
PAGE 91

j l li!JI J ilL i f L ""'"'"'"""' l : 1--"'t=-= -I I ;f#-J'i L I Jil_ ---West Palm Beach Station Palm Beach AlfPOrt St.atlon Lake Worth Statlon Boynton Bcaeh Station Dc=tr.ly Boach Station Boca Raton Station Deerfield Beach Station Pompano Beach StaUon cypress Creel< Station FL Lauderdale Statton Ft. Lauderdale Airport Station HoUywood Station Golden Glactos Station Metrora il Station Miami Airport Station Map courtesy: CUTR 83

PAGE 92

The Island operates light rail and bus transit in the city of Galveston Texas The light rail system serves 3 stations and many street side stops with a fleet of 4 cars. The double track rail networ!( is approximately 4.7 miles in le ngth. The system is unique i n using replica historic streetcars powered by diesel engines. Year of First Service Year of Latest Expansion Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Peak/Off-Peak Headways 84 198 7 Nl 1995 Nl 1 6 5 34 2 20 2 9 0 0 1 5

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Mode LR Mode L R Network Characteristics Active F leet Size 4 Network Miles 4.70 6 0 E l e ctrification N/A Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Double L i g h t Rail (H ) 4 Gaug e 4'81/&o Veh icle Characteristics Number of Grade 57 Dimens i ons (Leng th -Width) Nl Route Environment(%) Air Cond itioni n g Nl At Grade Separate RJW 0 Seating Capacity 40 At Grade Street 100 ADA Access i b l e Veh i c les Nl In Subway or T unne l 0 Steel or R u bbe r Tired S t ee l E l eva t ed 0 Si ng l e ear o r T rain Sin gl e Car Station Characteristics Manned or Unmanned Manned Number of Stations 3 Ma x imum T r ain Leng t h 1 Car ADA Access i ble 1 Low M i d, o r High P l atforms N l Station s with Pari
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(Millions) I Passenger Trips IAr>nu,at Passenger Miles Area: Trips per Capita Miles per Capita Area: Trips per Capita LR 0.18 0.26 1 94 4 .38 2 .01 MB 0 .95 2.76 16.12 46.68 16.34 I Op,. rating Expenses (Millions) $0.26 $ 1 .22 Veh Revenue Mile $13.75 $2 78 Veh. Revenue Hour $62.23 $33.26 Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistance Local Assistance Other $1.672.060 37. 5% 30.4% 8.0% 23.4% 0.7% 86 Annual Unlinked Passeng<>r Trips "''" '98$ 1 990 I !lll!ll LR MB i Annual Passenger Miles (In Millions) Annual Operating Expenses (In Millions) I illlll LR .... ....

PAGE 95

Map unavailable prior to publication. 87

PAGE 96

T h e Jacksonville Transportation Authority (JTA) created i n 1972, had been an exclus i vely bus transit operator unti l 1989 when a 0 6 mil e automated gui deway demonstra t ion route using VAL techno l ogy open ed. Two cars serving three stations fonn the n ucleus of a p r oposed 6 0 mile th r ee route "Skyway Expness" system. A 0 6 mile extension to the Sout h Bank is under construction for a mid-1997 ope n i n g usi n g a new automated guideway vehic le. T h e South Bank destination i ncludes a new i ntennodal tra nsit center where severa l bus routes w ill be rerouted Year of Firs t Service Year of Latest Expansion Routes Total Emp l oyees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Admi n istrative 1989 1972 1995 1996 1 52 9 423 4 298 1 95 4 4 0 26 Hours of Service Weekday P eak/Off-Peak Headways 0600-1930 0430 2400 88

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Mod e AG Mode AG Networ k Characteristics Active F l eet Size 2 Networ k Miles 0 6 Vehicl e 5 5 Electrification 750V Rolling Stock Single/Double Trac k Do u b l e Aut omated 2 G a uge Rubber T ire Vehicle Characteristics Number o f G r ad e 0 Dimensions (Length Wi dt h) 42' 104" Route Environment (%) A i r Conditioni n g Yes At Grade Separate RMI 0 Seating Capacity 12 At Grade Street 0 ADA Accesib l e Vehicles 2 In Subway or Tu n ne l 0 steel or Rubber Tired Rubber E l evate d 100 Sing l e Car or Train Single Car Station Characteristics Man ned or Unmanned Un m a n ned N u mbe r of stations 3 Maximum T r ain Leng th N l ADA Accessib l e 3 Low, Mid, or High Platforms N l Slation s with Pa rking 1 Number of Spaces 900t. Free or P a y Pay Maintenance FacUIUes 1 Mod e AG Passes Fare Policy Flat Wee kl y Yes Base Fare $ 0.25. Month l y $26 00 Transfer Fee Free Othe r M u lti-Ride E lderly Fare $ 0 10 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $0.1 0 Fare Payment C ,TT student Fare Access Co n t r ol ET Other Used CS, PCS 89

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(Millions) l urrlin,ked Passenger Trips Passenger Miies Area: Per Trips per Capl1a per Capita Area: per Capl1a Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistance Local Assistance Other AG MB 0 27 9.36 0 1 6 49.84 0. 1 4 13.17 0 22 70 .14 0.13 12.67 $0 72 $21.18 $9.95 S3.22 $137.92 $44 .77 $23 397,495 20% 9% 8% 61% 2% 90 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Millions) 9&5 19.'90 Annua l Passenger Mi les (In Millions) ... .... ... A n nua l Operating Expenses (In Millions) ... ... ... .. , ... ...

PAGE 99

Map unavailable prior to publication 9 1

PAGE 100

The Cambria County Tra n s i t Authority (CCTA) operates i n c l ined p lane and bus transit i n th e city o f Johnstown Pennsy l van i a. Year of F i rs t S e rv ice Year of Latest Expans i on N u mber of Rou tes Total Employees Operating Maintenance N on -Mai ntenance Adm i nistrative Ho u rs of Service Peak/Off Peak Headways 92 1891 1976 1984 1982 10 69 6 42 1 1 5 0 1 3 11 0 0 1 5

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. Mode IP Mode IP Network Characteristics Aclive Fleet Size 2 Network Miles 0 17 10.0 Electrification 4160VAC Rolling Stock Single/Double Trac k Doub l e Incli ne P lane 2 Gauge 8' Vehicle Charac1eristics Number of Grade 55 Dimensions (Length-Width) 34' -186" Route Environment(%) Air Condition i ng Yes At Grade Separate RJW 71 Seating Capacity 10 At Grade Street 29 ADA Aooessi b le Veh i cles 2 In Subway or Tunnel 0 Stee l or Rubber Tired Steel E leva ted 0 Sing l e Car o r Train S i ngle Car Station Characteristics Manned or Unmanned Unmanned Number of Stations 4 7 Maximum Train Length Nl ADA Aooessib l e 2 L ow, Mid, or High Platforms Low/High Sfatlons with Parking 2 Number of Spaces 25 Free or Pay Free Maintenance Facilities 2 Mode IP Passes Fare Polley Weekly $6.50 (1 0 Rides) Base Fare 1.75' Monthly $13.00 (22 Rides) Transfer Fee F ree Othe r Elderly Fare Free F are Collection Handicapped Fare $1.50 Fare Payment C T Student Fare $1. 75 Access Control MF Other Vehicle $5.00 Used PC Effective Date: 93

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j U 11Iinke< P a ssenger Trips JA1tnual Passenger Miles Area: Trips per Capita Miles p er Capita Area: per Cap ita Expenses (M ill ions) Veh. Revenue M i l e Veh. Revenue Hour U nlinked Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistance Local Assistance Other 0 .15 0 .26 1 .65 0 28 1.96 $0 .87 $39.69 $55.38 1.49 2.54 $3.36 $3.87 $43.99 $3, 676,559 21.8% 9 5% 52.6% 11.3% 4.8% 94 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Millions) .... ... ... Annual Passenger Miles (In Millions) '"" ... 1990 ..... j Annual Operating Expenses On Millions) ol----.... ... ... ... I ... ... ...

PAGE 103

Map unavailable prior to publication. 95

PAGE 104

This new agency was created in April 1994 to consolidate the regiona l transtt operator and the County Transportation Commission Los Angeles County Metropolita n Transportation Authority (LACMTA) operates heavy rail l ig h t rai l and bus transit services in Los Angeles Co u nty. The Bl u e line ligh t ra i l service l i n king L ong Beach and Los A ngeles on a 21. 6 mile rou t e serv i ng 22 h i gh p l atform stations opened in J u ly, 1990. Articulated LRVs operate i n two car tra i ns at 4-5 m inute peak hour headways. A second 19. 3 m il e light rail l i ne, the Green Une, l inking Redo ndo Beach a n d Norwalk and i n tersecting with the B l u e Li n e at I mperial/Wilm i n g t on station. opened in Augus t 1995 The first 3 0 mile Red line heavy rai l segment with five subway statio n s opened i n Janu ary 1 993 with four and six-car trains An additional 2 0 m i les and 3 stations opened i n July, 1996. The Red a n d Blue lines i ntersec t at 7th Street/Me tro Center Station The Red li n e connects at Union Sta t ion with Metrolink commuter trains. Year of Fi rst Service Year of La t est Expansion 1996 1 Total Employees 280 Operating 100 Ma intenance 5 1 Non Mainte nance 75 Administrative 54 N l 1995 1996 2 182 584 7 ,260 226 4,614 118 1,683 169 130 7 1 833 N l N l Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak HeadWays 0445-2345 0400-0 1 00 0000-2400 96

PAGE 105

Mode HR LR Network C h aracteristics Network Miles 5 0 40 9 E l ectrifi c ation 750V, T hird Rail 750V Overhea d Sing l e/Do u ble Track D o uble Double Gauge 4'81.a" 4'8tt2" Number of Grade 0 77 Route Environmen t (%) At G r ade Sep arate RIW 2 8 84 A t Grade S t reet 0 14 In Subway or Tu n nel 72 2 0 Stati o n Character i stics Number of Stations 8 22 A D A Accessi ble 8 22 Low, Mid, or H i g h P l atfonns H igh High Stations with Parking 1 6 Number of Spaces N l 1 700 Free o r Pay Nl F ree 1 1 M ode HR LR Active Flee t S ize 30 54 1 2 4 2 Rollin g Stock Heavy Rail (H) 30 97

PAGE 106

Dimensions (Length-Width) 75 126" 89' 105" Air Conditioning Yes Yes Seating Capacity 59 76 Crush Load Capac ity 1 77 152 ADA Acces i ble Vehicles 30 54 Steel o r Rubber T i r ed Stee l Stee l Sing l e Car or Train Train S in g l e Car Ma n ne d o r Unmanned Ma n ned Manned SCars 2Cars Fare Policy Aat F lat Base Fare $1.35 $1.35 .. T ransfer Fee $0 .25 $0 25 Elderly Fare $0.45 $0 .45 Hand i capped Fare $0 .45 $0.45 Student Fare Other (toke n s for base fare) $0.90 $0.90 Passes Weekly s11 .oo-$11.00 Monthly $42 00 $42 .00 Other ( semi-month l y ) $21 00 $2 1 .00 Fare Collection Fare Payment C,ST NMP C T,P,ST NMP Access Contro l None None Nl Nl 01195 -0 1 196 98

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(Millions) iunllnk ,ed Passenger Trips Passenget Mi les Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistance local Assistance Other HR LR MB 4.97 11 85 379.74 7.74 103.12 1419.10 0 .54 1 .30 41.79 0 .82 11.35 1 56.16 0.44 1.04 33.30 $21.49 $43.94 $34.38 $14.93 $497.51 $288.59 $632.72 $7.63 $92.45 $3.7 1 $1.67 $717.418,906 29% 7% 6% 54% 4o/o 99 Annual Unlinked Passongor Trip$ (In Mittions) 1980 19!15 1990 1994 [ llllll LR lllll HR '"' I Annual Passenger M iles (ln Milfions) ... ... ... I !i!llLR ....... 1 Annual Operating Expensos (In MIIUons) ... 1 980 1$8$ 1990 1994 [1881 LR 1111 HR "" I

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Map courtesy: Michael Adler 100

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PAGE 110

The Southern California Regional Rail Authority (SCRRA), a regional agency se!Ving Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, and Ventura oounlies began oomrituter rail service, marketed as Metrolink, in October 1992. Six rail lines totaling 335 route miles radiale from Union Station i n downtown Los Angeles The lines range in length from 53 to 87 miles. Train operations are with bi-level Bombardier cars and diesellooomotives operating in a push-pull mode. The fleet i ncludes 31 cab cars, 61 coach cars and 31 locomo tiv es Tra ins serve 45 stations on tra ck owned by SCRRA or by trackage right agreements with other railroads. Los Angeles Union Station is a major intermodal center. Year of First Service Year of Latest Expansion Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 102 1992 1995 6 Nl 0442

PAGE 111

Mode CR Mode CR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 1 1 0 Network Miles 335.4 Average Vehicle Age 1.2 Eleclrifica tio n NIA Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Both Ri!il Ci!rs Gauge 4'81/211 Bi -lev el (K) 30 Number of Grade 341 Bi-level (C) 58 Route Environment(%) Commuter Rai l Locomotive At Grade Separate R/W 100 Diesel 22 At Grade Street 0 Vehicle Characteristics In Subway or Tunnel 0 D i mensi on s (length-Width) 85 '-118 Elevated 0 Air Cond itioni ng Yes Station Characteristics Seati n g Capacity 145-148 Number of Stations 38 ADA Accessible Vehic l es 110 ADA Accessible 38 Stee l or Rubber T ired Steel Low, Mi d or Hig h Platforms Low Single Car or Train Train Stations with Parking 30 Manned or Unmanned Ma n ned Number o f Spaces 11,00 0 Maximum Train Length N l Free or Pay Nl M aintenance Facilities 1 Mode CR Passes Nl Fare Policy Zona l Weekly Base Fare $2 .50. Monthly Varies i n Zones Transfer Fee Free Otller Eld erly Fare Nl Fare Collection Handicapped Fare Nl Fare Payment C, T ST,NMP Student Fare Nl Access Control Barrier Free Otlle r Nl Used CCVM ,FVM Efle<:tlveDate:NI 103

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(Millions) IUr>lin lked Passenge r TriPeratling Expenses (Millions) Per Veh. Revenue Mile Per Veh. Revenue Hour Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistanc::e Local Assistance Other CR 3 .29 109. 51 CR $42.48 $13 .60 $545.58 542,484,000 25% 14% 0% 59% 2% 104 30 Annual UnUnked Passenger Trips (In Millions) 1980 1 .. 5 1990 Annual Passenger Miles (In Millions) .... Annual Operating Expenses ( In Millions) 1980 1985 t9GO 199< 1994 ....

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a ....... a PtOPQ$ed Stat i o n $ CuaBianca Map courtesy : Michael Adler 105

PAGE 114

Memphis Area T r ansit Authority (MATA), a public agency crea t ed in 1960 to operate bus transit serv ice in the c i ty of Memphis expanded its operations in 19 93 by opening a 2.2 mile histori c streetcar loop operation In the M i d-America Mall downtown redevelo p ment area The service is p rovi ded by a fleet of six h i storic tram cars purchased from Porto Port u gal and Melbourne Australia The streetcar serv ice acts as a downtown d ist ributor to the bus system and as a connector to tourist destinations. MATA also operates 214 buses over 32 routes Year of First Service Year of Latest Expansion Total Emp l oyeas Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Admin i strative Nl 26 415 15 279 9 85 0 10 2 41 0 0 Hours of Service Weekday 0638 2344 0425 0027 Peak/Off-Peak Headways 106

PAGE 115

Mode LR Mode LR Network Characteristics Active F l eet Size 6 Netwo r k Miles 2 2 Vehic l e 62.5 Eleclrification 600V OC, Ovemead Rolling Stock S ingl e!Ooub le Track Sing l e/Doub l e 6 Gauge 4 8112-' Vehicl e Characteristics Number of Grade 25 Dime n s ions (L ength-Width) 30' 6" 95 Route Envir o n ment(%) Air Con d itioni n g No At Grade Separa t e RIW 0 Seating Capacity 2 1 -30 At Grade Street 100 ADA Access i b l e Veh i c les 6 I n Subway or Tun n el 0 Steel or Rubber T ired Steel Bevat ed 0 S i ng l e Car or Train Sing l e Ca r Station Characteristics Manned or Unman n ed Manned Number of Stations 20 M axi mum Train Length N l ADA Access i b l e 20 Low Mid. or High P l atfonns Low Stations with Park ing N l Number of Spaces Free or Pay Mainten a n c e F a c il ities 1 Mode LR Passes Fare Policy Rat Weekly Base Fare $0.5o Monthly $10.00 Transfer Fee F ree Other 1 Weekday. 6 M on th Elderly Fare $0. 25 Fare Collection Handicapped F a r e $0.25 F a re Payment C P NMP Student Fare Access Con trol MF Othe r Used AVM Effootiv
PAGE 116

(Milfions) l u rlfinl ted Passenger Trips Annua l Passanger Miles Area : IPtsstngor llrips per Capita Miles per Gapita Area: per capita Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assis.tanw loca l Assistance Other LR MB 0.43 12.12 0.36 55.32 0 6 1 17 .25 0.52 78.75 0 52 1 4.6 8 $1.12 $21.51 $11. 54 $3.54 $6.2.50 $51.00 $24,890 ,983 37% 1 4 % 10% 36% 3% 108 198$ 1910 ... lll!llll LR MB I Annual Passenger Miles (In Millions ) .... 198$ 1990 jlllmMBI Annua l OperaUng Expenses (In Millions) .... 198$ 1990 IISIMBI 1994

PAGE 117

Map unavailable prior to p u b licatio n 109

PAGE 118

The M etro-D ade Agency (MOTA) i s a de part ment of cou nty government and provi des h eavy rail, automa t ed guideway, and bus servic e in M i ami a n d the adjacent oomm unfti es in D ade County A he a vy r a i l sys tem, Metro r ail, serves 21 h ighpl atform statio n s 5 m i n ute pe a k and 15 mi n ute off-pea k h eadways Nine ty -five pe r cen t o f the 21 mil e syst e m i s on e l evate d structures. Two to e i g ht car t ra i ns operate i n the Aut o matic Train Operatio n (ATO) mode, but with a drive r o n board Metromover is a 4.4 mil e au t omated guid eway downtown circu l ator sys tem. Rubber t i red drivertess cars opera t e on a n e leva t e d s tructur e that oonnects M e t rorail Metrorail connects w i th Trl-Ra i l regional oomm u ter tra i ns at a station 5 miles northwest of downtown Miami. Yea r of F i rst Serv i ce 1984 Year o f La t es t Elq>ansion 1 989 of Routes 1 Total Employees 441 O perat ing 111 Maintenance 81 Non-Ma i ntenanc e 189 Adm i nistrative 50 10 1986 1980 1 994 1993 1 165 1,85 4 12 1 289 53 358 31 44 11 150 58 13 Hours of Service Wee k day 0530-2400 0600-2400 0 4 00-2400 Peak/Off-Pea k Hea d ways 5115 3/5 110

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Mode HR AG Network Characteristics Networ1< Miles 21.1 4.4 Electrificat ion 700V, Th i rd Rail 600V, Th ird Ra i l SingleiDoub l e Track Double Do u ble Gauge 4'81QII N/A Number of Grade Route Environment(%) At Grade Separate RNV 5 0 At Grade Street 0 0 In Subway or Tunne l 0 0 Elevated 95 100 Station Characteristics N umber of Stations 21 21 ADA Accessible 21 21 Low, Mid, or Hig h Pla1fonns High Hig h Stations with Parking 17 N/A Number of Spaces >4 900 Free or Pay $1. 00 1 1 Mode HR AG Active Fleet Size 136 16 Vehicle 6.6 Rolling Stock Heavy Rail (M) 136 111

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Dimensions (Le n gth-Width) 42'-112" Air C o ndition ing Yes Yes Seating Capacity 72 14 ADA Acceslb l e Veh icles 136 16 Steel or Rubber T ired Steel Rubber S i ngle Car o r Train Train Singl e CarfTra i n M a nned or Unmann ed Manned Unmanned Maximum Fare Policy Flat Fla t Base Fare $1.25. $0.25. Transfer Fee $1.00 Free Bderty Fare $0.60 $0.10 Handicapped Fare $0. 60 $0. 1 0 Student Fare $0.60 $0.1 0 Other Passes Weekl y Nl Mont h l y $60 .00 Nl Other Nl F are Collection Fare Payment NMP, C,T,P c A c cess Cont r ol MT ET ET Equipment Used AVM,CMM, Nl PCS, TI 112

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(Millions) IU1 1 Iln'ked Passenger Trips lA''"''" Pa .. enger Miles Area: HR 14 .33 113.68 8 25 65 52 7 48 AG 3.59 3.62 2 .0 7 2.09 1 .87 MB 63.77 258 .04 36 .75 148 .73 33 .30 Expenses Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistance Local Assistance Olher $8.62 $20.17 $5 .23 $213.25 $219.8 1 $64.99 $201,610,47 1 3 1 .0% 8.7% 10.7% 48.5% 1 1% 113 Annual Unlinked Pauenger Trips (In Millions) Annual Passenger ( I n Millions) .... .... .... I Annual Operating Expenses (In Millions) ... ttaO gas 1990 1994 11ii!':l AG H R ... I

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AIRPORT Map courtesy : MOTA 114

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THIS PAGE IN TENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK. 115

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Conn DOT b e gan running its Sho re Line East commu ter rail s e rvice in 1990 with a 32.8 m i le r oute betwee n New Have n and Old Saybrook This serv i ce was i n augurated w ith 1 0 rebuUt coac hes and two diesel lo<:omotives acquired from the Port A u thority o f Allegheny County s defunct V e rsa ill es-Pittsburg h commuter service Th i s o r igi n al fleet has been supp l eme nted with 10 new c a rs pur c h ased i n 1992. A f u rther n ine re b u ilt cars and three add itiona l rebu ilt locomotives h ave recently been ordered Eightee n trains are ope r a ted each way o n weekdays s e rving seven stations. An 1 8 m i le extension from Old Say b r ook t o New london began o p eration i n 1996. Year of First Service Year of Lat e s t Expansion Number of Rout es Toial Employees Operat i n g Ma intenance Non-Maintenance Admini stra ti ve Hours o f SefVice Peak/Off-Peak Headways 116 1996 Nl 2 5 5 176 51 8 20 Nl

PAGE 125

Mode CR Mode CR Network Characteristics Active F leet Size 25 Network Miles 32.8 Vehic l e 29.6 E l ectrification None Rolling Stock Sin gle/Double Track Double Commuter Gauge 4'81a. U n powered (0) 10 Number of Grade 0 Unpowered (K) 10 Route Environment(%) Commuter Ra!ILooomotiyes At Grade Separa l e RN>I 100 Diesel 5 At Grade Street 0 Vehicle Characteristics In Subway or Tunnel 0 Dimensions (Length Width) 85'-126 Elevated 0 Air C ond itioning Yes Station Characteristics Seating Capacity 66-131 N u mber of Stations 7 ADA Accesible Vehicles 25 ADA Accessible 7 Steel or Rubber T i red Stee l Low Mid, or High P l atforms Low Single Car or Train Tra in Stations with P arking Nl Manned or Unmanned Manned Number of Spaces Nl Maximum Trai n Length 4Cars Free or Pay Free Maintenance Facilities 1 Mode CR Passes Fare Polley Zonal Weekly Base Fare $2 25 Monthly $32.00 Transfer Fee Free Other Elde rly Fare $2.25 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $2.25 Fare Payment C P,ST,PC,NMP Student Fare Access Control N l Other Used Nl 117

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(MilUons) I U r>linl Local Assistance Other CR Nl Nl MB 11.62 29.35 NIA $16.85 $5.73 $64.34 $16 888,510 32 .0% 0.0% 67.3% 0.0% 0.7% 11 8 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Mllllons) 1980 19SS 1 $90 Annual Passenger Miles (In Millions) 1 994 1880 198$ 1$90 1!!1iil CR MB I A nnual Operating Expenses (In Millions) 1880 199& 1 880 ,. .. 1994

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Old Saybrook I Westbrook Clinton Madison Guilford Branford New Haven Map courtesy : Ben Walker 119

PAGE 128

The Regional Transft Authority (RT A) operntes light ratl and bus transit seNice In New Orleans and Jefferson Parish Light rail operations include the 6 6 mile historic St. Charles route running In the median of Sl Charles and Carrollton Avenues It I s the last remaining U.S streetcar line to operate with pre-PCC cars. The 35 cars, li n e, and shops w ere extensi ve l y rebu i lt i n the ear l y 1990s A 1.9 mile Riverfront line, a portion of freight railroad a l ignment but operating on dedicated track, wes opened along the Mississippi River bank to connect the Convention Center with the Fr ench Quarter In 1989. This line uses rebuilt cars from Australia and the St. Char1es line. Year of F i rst Servloe Year of Latest Expansion Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Mode 1835 1979 1989 1994 2 153 1 202 52 603 28 219 2 52 35 313 36 1 5 Hours of Servloe Weekday 0400-1600 0400-0100 Peak/Off-Peak Headway s 120

PAGE 129

Mode Network Characteristics Network Miles Electrification Single/Double Track Gauge Number of Route Environment(%) At Grade Separate RJW At Grade Street In Subway or Tunne l Elevated Station Characteristics Number of Stations ADA Accessible Low Mid or High Platform Stations with Parking Number of Spaces Free or Pay Maintenance Facilities Mode Fare Policy Base Fare Transfer Fee E ld erly Fare Handicapped Fare Student Fare Other LR 8.5 600V, O..mud Double 4'8112> 5'2 114 25 75 0 0 2 Nl Low LR Flat st .oo $0 10 $0.40 $0.40 VisiT our 0 0 2 Mode Active F leet Size Vehicle Rolling Stock Hisloric Streelcar Vehicle Characteristics Dimensions( Length-Width) Air Conditioning Seating Capacity ADA Accessible vehicles Steel or Rubber Tired Single Car or Train Manned or Unmanned Maximum Train Length Passes Weekly Monthly Other Fare Collection Fare Payment Access Contro l Used LR 41 70.2 41 47'8" -100" No 52-65 3 steel Single car Manned $40.00 1-Weekday C T,P .NMP EF cs 1 .. Chartes line operates with 5'2'" traCk gauge. while tbe Riverfront line ope tat&$ on 'fonner 4'8'-'> gauge freight rai l line 121

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(Milflons) IUrllinl
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St. Charles Line / S C l aiborne Ave. S Carro lt on Ave. Canal St. Broadway St. Jackson Ave. Esplanade Av Nashville Ave. Ursu lines St. Lou isiana Ave. Napoleon Ave. D uma i ne St. Toulouse St. Bi enville St Cana l St. Riverside Line f Poy dras St. Jul ia St. l Calliope St. \ -m :r-.... 1._ EvoiYbiii,lsSue&:. 4'8',4" ... 123

PAGE 132

New Jersey Transit operates 12 commuter rail routes linking northern New Jersey with New York City. The public corporation has Invested $1.6 billion i n upgrading track e lectrificatio n, stations and rolling stock. A new service began in 1991 l i nking Philade l phia and Atla n tic City. The 12 line system incorporates 585.8 route m iles and serves 158 stations in 14 of New Jesrsey's 21 counties. Transit uses both electric m.u. train sets and locomotives on the five lines that are electrified. A 4.2 mile light rail route using PCC cars operates in a short subway and on private right of way in NewarK Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 1993 12 3,334 1,192 865 559 284 434 0615-0025 5-15130-60 124 1935 1994 1 65 5,036 25 3,336 32 1,092 2 109 6 482 0 0430-0030 Nl

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Mode N&twor1< Characteristics Network Miles E l ectrification Single/Double Track Gauge Number of Grade Route E n vironment(%) AI G rade Separate R/1N at Grade Stree t In Subway or Tun n e l Elevated Statio n Characterist ics Numbe r of Stat i ons ADA Aocesslble Low, Mid, or High P l atfonns Stati ons with Parking Number of Spaoes Free or Pay Ma i nten a nce Facilities Rollin g S tock Commuter Rail Cars Unpowered (C) Unpowered (K) Electric (H) C o mmu ter Rail LocomotiVes Diesel (Y) Electric (Y) CR 585.8 Nl Both 4 81,.. 318 100 0 0 0 1 58 22 Low/High Nl >30, 000 Freel$12 .00 15 33 1 84 274 92 16 LR 4 2 Nl Double 4'8 112" 70 0 30 0 1 1 0 Low Nl 1 24 The batanoe of tne system is operated wrth diesel locomotive powered trains. 1 2 5

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Dimensions 85'-126" 46'S" 1 08" Air Conditioning Yes No Seating Capacity 88-131 55 ADA Accesible Vehicles 233 0 Steel or Rubber Tired Stee l Steel Single Car or Train Train Single Car Manned or Unmanned Manned Manned Mode CR LR Fare Polley Zonal Flat Base Fare $1.20 $1.00" Transfer Fee Free/$0.45 Free/$0.45 Elderly Fare $0.50 $0.45 Handicapped Fare $0 .50 $0.45 StUdent Fare $1.20 $1.00 Other Passes Weekly $10.00 Monlllly $34 .00 S41.00 Other Fare Collection Fare Payment C,PC,P ST C,P,ST Aooess Control EF Used 126

PAGE 135

(Millions) Passenger Trips Passenger Miles Area : T rips per Capita M iles per Capita Area: Trips per Capita Miles Veh. Revenue Mile Veh. Revenue Hour Operaling Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistance loca l Assistance Other CR 47 .6 2 1 086.37 6 35 144.95 2.97 6 7.7 1 $337 .97 LR MB 3 .81 131.09 11.88 7 54.10 0.50 17.49 1. 58 1 00 .61 0 24 8 .17 0.74 47.00 $6 .03 $396.48 $8.55 $9. 08 $5.71 $306.68 $139 1 2 $86.47 $801.301 ,011 47% 7% 41% 1% 4% 127 Annual UnUnked Passenger Trips (In Millions} 1980 195$ 1990 15$4 Annual Passenger Miles 1985 Annual Operatl:ng Expenses (In Millions) "'" .... """ ...

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Jl!etzo.North Port Glcxtrone &iOQe NeNOl< O:v .Felry Rail on Map courtesy: New Jersey Transit 128

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THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK 129

PAGE 138

Long Is land Railroad (URR) operatas 11 oommuter rail lines on a 319 route mile system salVing 134 stations. Penn Station is the major New York City terminal Ten routes operate through Jamaica station, the busiest rail station in North America. Electric third rail multiple unit trai n sets provide service on main routes. Diese l l ocomotive trains operate on lesser trave l ed routes. T h e 115. 8 mil e l ine to Montauk is the nations longest oommuter rail route and a lso carr ies weekend vis itors to seasonal homes and resorts Mode Year of First Service Year of Lat est Expansion Number o f Routes Total Employees Operating Maintenanoe Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 130 CR 1920 Nl 11 6,099 2 189 1 545 1 116 644 585 0000-2400

PAGE 139

Mode CR Mode CR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 1,189 Network M iles 3 19.1 Veh ic le 23 0 Bectrification 750V, Third Ra il Rolling Stock S ingl e/Double Track Both Rail Locomotive Gauge 4'8112" Diesel-Electri c (Y) 54 Numbe r of G rade Crossings 4 06 Unpowered (Z) 1 1 Route Environment (%) Commutl:r Ra i l ca!li At Grade Separate RNV 10 0 U n powe r ed (D) 10 A t Grade Street 0 Unpowered (S) 182 I n Subway or Tunnel 0 Electric 932 Elevated 0 Vehicle Characteristic s Station Characteristics Dimensions(Length-Wi dth) 82'8". 125" Numbe r of Stations 134 Air Condi tio ning Yes ADA Accessible 15 Seating Capac ity 44-190 Low Mid High Platforms Low/High ADA Accessible Vehicles 65 Stations with Parking N l Stee l or R u bber Tired Stee l Number of Spaces Single Car or Train Train Free or Pay Manned o r Unmanned Ma nned Mai n tenance Facilities 5 Maximum Train 12 cars Mode CR Passes Fare Polley Zonal Week l y $29.00 Base Fare $3.00* Monthly $95 .0 0 Transfe r Fee Free Other 12-Month Elderly Fare $2.00 Fare Collection Hand i capped Fare $2.00 Fare Payment C ,P C ,P ,ST, NM P Student Fare $3 00 Access Control Other Used CVM,CCVM 1 31

PAGE 140

(Million s) Trips I; l'a$$enger M il K per Capita per Capita per Expenses (Million s) Veh. Revenue Mile Veh. Revenue Hour Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance Sblte A$Oistance Local Assistance 01l>er CR 97.39 2.2n.1e 8.31 193.87 6.07 $662.42 $ 1 2 1 8 $386 .30 $662.423,543 45% 2 % 21% 29% 3 % 132 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Millions) .... 1NS 19510 I i;i!c I Annual P""""nger M iles (In Mi llions) aoo+----'----, ... .. .. ... Annual Operating Expenoos On Millions) ... ...

PAGE 141

Map courtesy : Michael Adle r 133

PAGE 142

Metro North o p erates 6 commuter rail routes serv i n g 1 07 stations on a 267.7 mile network radiating from G rand Central Station. Metro North mai n l ines o n the Hudson and Harlem li n es a r e electrified with third rail and New Haven line tra ins take power from overhead catenaiy outside New York City. Lower density route lines are served by diesel locomollve power as push-pull trains at the outer end of the Hudson and Hartem lines, and on branches from the New Haven nnes. Year of First Service Yea r of L a t es t Expansion R o utes Tota l Employees Operating Ma inten ance Non-Maintenance Administrative 1983 Nl 6 5 ,864 1,586 1,526 1,5 05 673 Hours of Serv i ce Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 0453-0337 134 Nl Nl Nl N l Nl Nl

PAGE 143

Mode CR Mode CR Network C haracteristics Active Fleet Size 795 Network M i les 267.7 Veh icle 18.1 E l ectlification 600V.Overhead Rolling S tock Single!Double Track B oth Commuter Ra il Cars Gauge Nl E l ectric (H) 562 Number of Grade C r ossings 1 04 Electric (J) 54 Route Environment(%) Electric (N) 65 A t Grade Separate RJW 63 Unpowere d (S) 56 At Grade Stree t Nl Unpowered (K) 22 In Subway or Tun ne l Nl CQmmule:r R51il E levat ed Nl Diesel 36 Station C haracteristics V eh icle C h a racteristics Number o f Stat i o n s 1 07 Dimensions (Length-Width) 85'. 126" ADA Accessible 0 Air Condition ing Yes Low. Mid o r High Platforms Low/High Seati n g Capac i ty 1 1 4-131 Station s with Parking Nl ADA Accessible Vehicles 7gs N u mbe r o f Spaces Stee l o r Rubbe r Tired Stee l F r ee or Pay Free/$4 .00 Single Car or Trai n T r ain M a i n tenan c e Faci lit i es 1 1 Man ned or Unmanned Mann ed Maximum Trai n 12 Cars Mode CR Passes Fare Policy Zonal Weekly $27 00 Base Fare $3.oo Monthly $86 00 Tran sfer Fee Free Othe r 12-Month E l deny Fare $2 .00 Fare Collection Han dicapped Fare $2 .00 Far e Payment C PC,P STN MP Studen t F a re Access Contr ol Proof of Payment Other Used CCVM 1 35

PAGE 144

(MiiUons) Passenger Trips Passenger MiJes Area: per Capna Miles per Capija Area: per Capna Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Asslslance local Assistance Other CR 62.14 1 ,843 .61 13.88 4 11.15 3.87 MB 0.24 0.09 0.0 1 0.02 O.o1 $488.50 $0.63 $12 88 $9.22 $493.33 $49.87 $489 192,947 53% 1% 25% 16o/o 5% 136 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips 1985 1990 1994 I@!! CR .... I Annual Passenger Miles (In Millions) 2 ,000 ,----==:::::..:..._ __ __ -, 1980 198$ 1990 lliiill CR I Annual Operat ing Expenses on Millions) 1980 1985 1090 1094 1994

PAGE 145

Map courtesy : Michael Adle r 137

PAGE 146

The New York City Transit Authority is the largest public tranSPortation operator in North America. TheTA has a bus fleet of 3,659 vehicl es operating on 223 routes in the city. The Transit Authority rail system includes 26 routes serving 469 stations, 277 in subway, 153 on e levated structures. Sixty eight pencent of the 246 roule miles are in subway tunnels Train service is mai ntai n ed 24 hours a day and draws on a fleet of 5,840 rail cars a n d employs a staff of over 36,000 Severa l main routes have four tracks and provide loca l a n d express service. Year of First Service Year of Latest Number of Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Admini strative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak 138 1904 1989 36,086 14,451 16 121 9,139 4,880 2 895 9,490 640 2,360 1,430 347 000()-2400 000()-2400 1.5

PAGE 147

Mode HR Mode HR Networ1< Characteristics Active Fleet Size 5 ,840 Network Miles 246 5 Vehic l e 22 1 Electrification 625V.Third Rail Rolling Stock S i ngle/Double Track Double Heavy Rail (H) 3 047 Gauge 4'8'"" Heavy Ra i l (N) 1 663 Number of Grade Cross i ngs 0 Heavy Rail (B) 363 Route Environment(%) Heavy Rail (V) 246 AI Grade Separate RJW 8 Heavy Rail (U) 84 At Grade Street 0 Heavy Rail (G) 428 In SubWay or Tunnel 68 Rail 9 E l evated 24 Vehicle Characteristics Station Characteristics Dimensions 74'9"120 Number o f Stations 469 Air Conditioning Yes ADA Accessible 25 Seating Capacity 28-76 Low, Mid, or High P l atfonns High ADA Accessible vehicles 5 378 Stations with Parking None Steel or Rubber Tired Stee l Number of Spaces S i ng l e car or Train Trai n Free o r Pay Manned or Unmanned Manned Maintenance Facilities 13 Maximum Train 10 Mode HR Passes N l Faro Policy Flat Weekly Base Fare $1.25. Monthly Transfer Fee F ree Other Fare $1.25 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $1. 25 Fare Payment MSVC,C, T,ST Student Fare Free Access Cont rol ET,MT Other Equipment Used CVM,MCC,MCR MCSR,CS,PCS 139

PAGE 148

(Millions) Passenger Trips Passenger Mi les per Capita per Capi ta HR 1,303 .43 5,845.43 89. 32 399.06 M B 6 0 5 75 1,158.93 41.35 79. 12 81.55 37.76 Expenses (Milli ons) $2,243 4 1 $1, 046.14 Veh Revenue Mile V.47 $11.67 Veh. R e venue Hour $136.13 $91. 85 Operating Revenues $3,360,166,205 Fare box 50.7% Fed eral Assistance 2.0% State Assistanoe 24.5% Loca l Assistance 21.2% Othe r 1.6% 140 Annua l Unli nk ed Passen ger Trips ( In M illions) 1 980 1965 199() I H R M 8 f Annua l Passenge r Miles (In M illions) 1994 1 0,000,----------------, .... .... ... I .. I A nnual O pe rating Expenses (I n Millions) 1980 1965 1990 1 .. 1 .. .. ....

PAGE 149

NYCTA route map conforming to paper size is too detailed for adeq u ate representation .. >. ., > ' . . ' I .. 141

PAGE 150

The bi-state authority operates a heavy rail system crossing under the Hudson River linking lower and midtown Manhattan wijh Hoboken Joumai Square and Newarl< in New Jersey. The five route, 14.3 mile, 13 station system is seiVed by 6 to 10 car trains. Trains are composed of third rail, electric m.u. cars Major connections exist with New Jersey Transit (NJT) commuter trains at Newark and H oboken and with NYCTA subway routes at 34th Street and the World Trade Center in Manhattan. The four routes are oombined into two during off-peak and weekend hours Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of SeiVice Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 142 1,222 530 221 41 2 59 0 0000-2400

PAGE 151

Mode HR Mode HR Network Characteristics Active F l eet Size 342 Network Miles 14.3 Veh i cle 21. 8 Electrification 650V, n.;n1 RaU Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Double Heavy Rai l (G) 260 Gauge 4'8',.. Rail 82 Number of Grade Crossings 2 Vehicle Characteristics Route Environment(%) Dimensions (Length-Width) 51'3" -113" At Grade Separate RMI 46 Air Condition i ng Yes At Grade Street 0 Seating Capacity 31-32 In SubWay or Tu n ne l 54 ADA Accessible Vehicles 342 Elevated 0 Steel or Rubber Tired Steel Station Characteristics Single Car or Trai n Single Car Number of Stations 13 Manned or Unmanned Manned ADA Accessible 6 Maximum Train Length 10 Cars Low, Mid, or H igh Platfonns H i gh Stations with Parking Nl Number of Spaces Free or Pay Maintenance Facilities 2 Mode HR Passes Nl Fare Polley Flat Weekly Base Fa r e $1.00" Monthly Transfer Fee Free Other Elderly Fare $1.00 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $1.00 Fare Payment C,MSVC Student Fare Access Control MT,ET Other Used CVM,MCR,CS,PCS 143

PAGE 152

(Millions) IUrlinl
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NJ Cllfi,stoplkfl St NY Map courtesy: Michael Adler 145

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Staten Island Rapid Transit Operating Authority (SIRTOA) operates a single 14.3 mile, double track route on Staten Island serving 22 stations with a fleet of 64 cars. Operations are similar to that of NYCTA The line connects with major ferry service to lower Manahttan. Year of Latest Expansion Routes Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Mode Hours of Service Weekday Peai
PAGE 155

Mode HR Mode HR N etwork Characteristics Active Fleet Size 64 Network Miles 14.3 Vehic l e 23.0 Electrification 600V Rail Rolling Stock S i ng l e/Double Track Double Heavy Rail (A) 24 Gauge 4'8112>' Rai l 40 Number of Grade 0 Vehicle Characteristics Route Environment (%) Dime n s i ons 74'8". 120 At Grade Separate RJW 10 0 Air Conditioning Yes At Grade Street 0 Seating Capacity 72-76 I n Subway or Tun nel 0 ADA Accessib le Vehic les 64 Elevated 0 Steel or R ubber Tire d Stee l Station Characteristics S i ngle car o r Train Trai n Number of Stations 22 Manned or Unmanned Manned ADA Accessible 2 Maximum Tra in Length Nl Low Mid or High Platforms Nl Stations wHh parkin g Nl Number of Spaces F r ee or Pay Maintenance Facilities 1 Mode HR Passes Nl Fare Polley Flat Weekly Base Fare $1.25 Monthly Transfer F ee Free Other E l der l y Fare $0.60 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $0 .60 Fare Payme nt C T,MSVC Student Fare Access Control ET Other Equipment Used CVM,MCC, 147

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(Millions) IUr!linl
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e St. George Tompkinslille Stapleton Clifton Gras mere Jefferson A IX!. Dongan Hills OldTown Grant City New Dorp Oakwood Heights Bay Terrace Great Kills Eltingslille Annadale Huguenot Princess Bay Pleasant Plains Richmond Valley Nassau Atlantic Tottem.ille 149

PAGE 158

PennsylVania Department of Transportation (Penn DOT) operates, in association with Amtrak, a 72 route mile commuter rail service linking Harrisburg and Philadelphia. This route Is the legacy of a former private service operated by the Pennsylvania Railroad, and la ter Conrail. PennDOT provides operating ass is tanoe to Amtrak which supplied rolling stock and locomotives Nine trains each way are operated on weekdays, sometimes with locomotiv e hauled equipment, both diesel and elec lric, sometimes with eleclric m.u. cars. A lower level of service is maintained on weekends. Year of First Service Year of Latest Expansion of Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 150 Nl 1 Nl Nl

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Mode CR Mode CR Network Characteristics Active Fleet S iz e 44 N etwork Miles 72 Ve hic l e 41. 1 Elect rification Catenary Stock N l S i n gle/ Doubl e Track Double Vehic ule Characteristics Gauge 4'81121' D imensions (Len gth Width) Nl Num be r of Grade 0 Air Condition i ng Nl Route (%) Seating Capacity Nl At Grade Separate RJW 100 ADA Accessible Vehicles Nl At Grade Street 0 Stee l or Rubber Tired Steel In Subway o r Tunne l 0 S i ngle Car or Trai n Trai n E l evated 0 Man ned o r Unmanned Manned Station Characteristics Maximum Trai n Le ng th Nl Number of Stations 14 ADA Accessible 4 Low, Mid or High Platfonns Low/High Stations with Parking Nl Number of Spaoes F ree or Pay Maintenance Facilities Nl Mode CR Passes Fare Policy Zonal Weekly Base F are $4.oo Monthly Zonal up t o $93.00 Transfer Fee NIA Other E l derly Fare $3.40 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $ 3.40 Fare Payment C P,PC,TT ST NMP Student Fare $2.00 Access Contro l Nl Other Used Nl 151

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(M i llions) !Ur11ln lera
PAGE 161

LEGEND -.......... -0 -"' --...., .... Mr. JOY (81:1.1) -----_ ..__....,_ ___ ,_c.Map courtesy: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation 153

PAGE 162

.... The P o rt Autho rity Trans i t Colporation (PATCO) operates the 15 8 m i le Lindenwold heavy rail l i n e an upgrade and expansion of a 19351 i n e l inkin g Philadelphia a n d Camden ove r the Ben Franklin Bridge The Lindenwold line was the first of t h e new ge n erat i on of automa ted transit l ines i n North Ame r ica. It i n corporates full automatic tra i n operation (ATO) and cab signals aU1omatic fare col l ection w ith unstaffed sta t ions and extensive par1< and r ide !acUities. PATCO trai n s connect with SEPTA heavy rail l i nes I n downtown Phi la d e l p h ia a n d wijh the NJ Transi t l ine to AUantic City In sub urban New Je r sey Year of F irst Serv i ce Year of Lates t Expansion T ota t Emp l oyees Opera t ing Mai ntenance Non-Mainten ance Admi nistrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 1 5 4 1969 Nl 1 340 132 59 92 44 0000 2400

PAGE 163

Mode HR Mode HR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 121 Network M i les 15.8 Vehicle 21.4 Electrification 685V, Third Rail Rolling Stock Single/Do ub l e Track Nl Heavy Rail cars (H) 101 Gauge 4 '8'12" Rail cars 20 Number of Grade 0 Vehicle Characteristics Route Environment(%) Dimensions (Length-Width) 67'6"-122 At Grade Separate RJW 66 Air Conditioning Yes At Grade Street 0 Seating Capacity 72-80 I n SubWay or Tunnel 18 ADA Accessible Veh icles 1-21 Eleva t ed 16 Stee l or Rubber Tired Stee l Stetion Characteristics Single Car or Train Trai n Number of Stations 13 Manned or Unmanned Manned ADA Accessible 2 Maximum Train Length 10 Cars Low Mid, or Hig h Platforms High Stations with Parking 7 Number of Spaces > 12,000 Free or Pay Free/$0.50 Maintenance Facilities 1 Mode HR Passes Nl Fare Policy Zonal Weekly Base Fare $0.75* Monthly Transfer Fee Free Other Elderly Fare $0.75 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $0.75 Fare Payment C,MSVC Student Far e Access Control MT,ET Othe r Equipment Used CMM,MCC,TI,CVM ISS

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(Millions) IUr11inlked Passenger Trips IAr.nu.ol Passenger Miles Area: Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance sta t e Assistance local Assistance Other HR 11.13 97.58 $26.98 $6.32 S183.21 $26,599,016 57% 0% 0% 42% 1% 156 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Millions) ... 1965 1 $90 IHI Annual Passenger Miles (In Millions) 1985 1990 I HR I Annual Operating Expenses (In M illions) +-----1080 198$ 199D IHR I ... 1$114

PAGE 165

--......... -.. ., ..... ___ 0.._. .. :o-""<':1' _ oac::o-,__.,.,.-.. .. 157

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Sout h eastern PennsylVa n i a Transportation Authority (SEPTA) operates one of the most complex urban rail systems in North America. Three heavy rail l i nes comprise 38.1 netwo r k miles. Two a r e P h i ladelphia city li n es, one standard ga u ge one broad gauge. A third l i ne opera1es on priva t e right of way i n the suburbs. Al l are electr i fied, th ird rail T h e light rail network consists of five city roU1eS and three separate suburban routes a total of 34.7 miles Three surface st r eetcar l i nes are current l y mothballed. Motor bus transit is provide d on 110 routes a n d tro ll ey b u s service on five SEPTA also operates sev e n commuter rail routes totaling 2 21.4 miles some e l ectrified some diesel powered, into adjacent areas o f Pennsylvania; to Trenton, New Jersey; and to Wilmi ngton, Delaware. Year of First S ervice 1964 Latest Expan sion Nl Routas 3 T otal Empl o yees 1,987 Opera ting 843 Maintenance 310 N on-Maintenance 505 Administrati v e 1 4 9 180 Nl 1892 Nl N l 8 1,853 735 792 286 389 183 390 154 139 51 Hours of Service Weekday Peak/OffP eak Headways 0500-0055 0459-0 1 15 000 1 -2400 158 Nl Nl Nl N l 1 1 0 N l 4,873 156 2,96 7 92 896 26 240 5 544 17 1 6 N l Nl

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Mode HR CR LR Network Cllaracteristlcs Network Miles 38 1 221.4 34 7 EledJ ificdlion 625V, Third Rai l 11Kv 600V, Ovemead Single/Double Track Double N l N l Gauge 4'8"'" 5'2 4 81fboo 4 8'"" 5'2" Number of Grade 0 116 1 Route Environment(%) N l At Grade Sepa rate R/W 98 30 At Grade Street 0 63 In Subway or Tunnel 2 7 Station Characteriatlea Number of Stations 76 181 64 ADA Access ible 4 25 0 Low M id, or High Platforms High Low/H ig h Low/High Stations with Parking Nl Nl Nl Number of Spaces Free or Pay $1.00 Free/$0 .50 Nl Maintenance Facilities 4 4 3 Mode HR CR LR Active Fleet Size 36 1 331 147 Vehicle 25.5 18.6 14 9 Rolling Stock Qommu!!r Bi!il Locooogtives Electric (Y) 7 Commuter C;ic; ElectJic(H N ) 184, 105 Unpowered (K,C) 10, 25 lig!b Bail LRV(G, N) 112, 29 PCC (F) 6 159

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Dimensions 85'-126" />J.r Conditioning Yes Yes Yes Seating Capacity 50-65 111-127 49-51 ADA Aocesible Vehicles 361 No No Steel or Rubber Tired Steel Steel Steel Single Car or Train Train Tra i n S ingl e Car Manned or Unmanned Manned Manned Manned Fare Policy Flat and Zonal Zonal Zonal Base Fare $1.so $2.50* $1.60* Transfer Fee $0.40 Free $0.40 Elderly Fare Free Free Free Handicapped Fare $0. 75 $1.50 $0.75 Student Fare $1.15 $1.15 Ot her Passes Weekly $17 25 $17. 25 $17.25 Monthly $64.00 $64.00 $64.00 Other Multi-Trip 1 Weekday Fare Collectio n Fare Payment C ,T,MSVC, P TT,MSVC, P,ST C T ,MSVC,P Access Control EF,ET Nl EF,ET Equipment Used CVM,MCSR, CVM,CS,PCS MCSR,CS,PCS 160

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Veh. Revenue Mile Veh. Revenue Hout Unlinked Operating Reve-nues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistance Loca l Assistance Other 22.24 4.96 98.12 78.30 2224 S7.70 $152.57 S1.Z7 4.96 $13.21 $363.24 $7.30 9.49 21.75 9 .49 $14.49 $129-07 $1.02 38.65 1 11.60 38.65 $8.31 $84.95 2 41 4 .11 2.41 4 11 S89.48 $1 .77 $0.91 $659,252,795 39.4% 4.1% 46.2% 8 .7% 1.6% 161 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips 199G 19aS 1990 t 994 lm "' 0 CR HR MS f Annual Passenger Miles (In Mi llions) 1 985 1 990 1 994 lllllll LR EJ CR liD HR "" I Annual Operating ExpensO$ On Millions) 1 Q8$ 19M lmLRE'Jc .. l

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. P l ease refer to the maps on the following pages. 162

PAGE 171

SEPTA Rail System Rev. M"6 Map courtesy: Terragraphix Inc. 163

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PAGE 173

Norristown Bridgeport K ing Manor Hughes Part< Gulph MiOs Corsllo hoken Rd. County Line 69t h Sl. Drexel Hill 63rdSl Clifton-Aldan Med i a Sharon H i ll 61st Sl Dalby Loop Note: Drawing not to scal e 52nd St. .... .... oi li5 "' "' 'E ,s .., "' g i:i 0> "' "' 36th S L 37th St. 58 t h St. 62ndSL 75th St. 80th St. Map court esy: Ben Walker 165 li5

PAGE 174

The Port Authority of Allegheny County (PAn operates light rai l bus and Inclined p l anes i n Pittsburgh and sur round i n g areas of Allegheny Co u nty. Five l ight rail lines tota l ing 1 g. 1 miles oon necl downtown Pittsburgh with residential subu r bs south of the Mononga h ela R i ve r These li nes are the legacy o f a once..,xtensive streetcar system reb u ilt In the 1 g80s and partially equ ip p ed with new LRVs. A fonner railroad bridge and subway tunnel were Incorporated i n the upgraded networl<. PAT a l so operates a flee t of 880 buses on 176 routes. The two incl i ned planes cany passengers u p 70 percen t grades to resi dential neighborhoods 200 feet up slope from the Monongahela Valley PAT also opera tes two busways totaling 1 1 miles Year of First Service Yea r of La test Expansio n 1988 Routes Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Ma i ntenance Adm i nistrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 5 401 1 09 104 155 22 0359-0207 1 6 6 1983 1977 N/A 1983 2 8 2,485 4 1,532 1 555 2 114 1 229 55 0530-0045 0356-02 1 4 3/5

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Mode LR IP Network Characteristics Netwo rk Miles 19.1 0.2 Electrificat i on 650V, Overhead Cable driven Single/Double Trac k Double Double Gauge 5 '3" N/A of Gra d e 0 Route Environment(%) At Grade Separate RJW 89 100 At Grade Street 0 0 In Subway or Tunnel 11 0 Elevated 0 0 Station Characteristics Number of Stations 13 4 ADA Accessible 0 4 Low, Mid, or High Platforms Low/Hig h Low Stations with Parking 5 None Number of Spaces 2,100 Free or Pay Free 1 None Mode LR IP Active Fleet Size 71 4 17. 3 57. 5 Rolling Stock Ugh! Ra i l U-3 ( N ,P) 55 PCC (F) 16 4 167

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Mode LR IP D i mensions ( L ength-Width) 84'5" 1 1 6 1 8 5 -84" Air Conditioning Yes No S eating Capacity 50-63 25 ADA Acce s i bl e Veh ic le s 55 4 Stee l or Rubber Tired Steel S i ng l e Car or Trai n Sin gl e Car SingleCa r Manned or Unma n ned M anned U n manned Mode LR IP Fare Polic y Flat Fla t Base Fare $ 1.2 5" $1. 00 Transfer Fee $0 .25 $0.25 E l derty Fare Free Free Hand i capped Fare $0.60 $0.50 Student Fare $ 1 .25 $ 1.00 Other (Chil d 6-1 1) $0.60 $0.50 Pas ses Weekly $11 .00 $11.00 Monthly $40.00 $40 0 0 Othe r 12-M o nth 12M onth Fare Collectio n Fare Payment C T ,TT,P,ST C ,T,TT, P NMP, M SVC ST,NMP Acc e ss Control EF EF 168

PAGE 177

(Millions) Unlinked Passenger Trips Passenger Mile$ Anla: I PasseJ>gM Trips PM capila per Capila Area: Trips per Capita Operating Revenues Farebox Federal AsslsJance Sll!te Assistance Local AssiSiance Other LR 7 .94 35 76 5.21 4 73 LR 527.47 $18.84 $265 .84 IP MB 1 37 64.81 0 18 268.76 0 90 42.55 0 12 176.45 38.61 I P MB so. n $141.64 $14.48 $5.94 $65.99 $70.85 50.53 $2.19 $191,912,850 28.8% 4.5 % 55.0% 10.7% 1.0% 169 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips 1G80 1985 18'90 l!illlllLR I P MB Annual Passenger M iles (In Millions) ... 1110 1i8S 1tt0 tlt4 .... I Annual Operating Expen (In Millions) 1910 1985 1910 1t94 ... al

PAGE 178

Upper st. C/Mr NCKthSido AJMntown Map courtesy: CUTR 170 . HomewoodBrushton .... \ dilubl However planS Alegheny River. route to lhe

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THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK. 171

PAGE 180

Tri..County Metropolitan Transportation District of Oregon (Tr i Met) operates fixed r oute motor bus and light rail serv i ce i n Portland, n earby sub u rban communities and unincorporated areas of Mu ltnomah, Clackamas and Washington count i es Marl
PAGE 181

Mode LR Mode LR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 30 Network Miles 15 1 Vehicle 9 1 Elecbification 750V, Ovorhead Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Double Ariiculated Light Rail (N,P) 26 Gauge 4'81/20' Historic Streetcars 4 Number of Grade 55 Vehicle Characteristics Route Environment(%) Dimensions (Leng\11-Width) 40"-102" At Grade Separate R1W 51 Air Conditioning No At Grade Street 49 Seating Capacity 40-76 In Subway or Tunnel 0 ADA Accessible Vehicles 26 Elevated 0 Steel or Rubber Tired Steel Station Characteristics Single Car or Train Single Car Number of Stations 27 Manned or Unmanned Manned ADA Accessible 2 Maximum Train Leng t h 2Cars Low, Mid, or High Platforms Low Stations with Parking 5 Number of Spaces 1 900 Free or Pay Free Maintenance Facilities 1 Fare Policy Zonal Weekly Base Fare $1. 00* Monthly $33.00 Transfer Fee F ree Other 12-Month 1 Weekday Elderly Fare $0.50 Fare Collection Handicapped Fare $0.50 Fare Payment C,TT,P ,ST, NMP Student Fare Access Control Nl Other Used 173

PAGE 182

(Mill i ons) Passenger Trips Passenger Miles LR M B 8 .4 8 54.79 46 .4 2 208. 0 9 8 58 55.44 46.97 210.56 I01oera,ting Expenses (Mi l lions) $14 .45 $101.09 Veh. Revenue Mile $9 30 $4 .87 Veh. Revenue Hou r $141.22 $63.80 Operating Revenues $129 ,205,231 Farebox 23% Federal Assistance 4% Slate As$Slanoe 1 % Local Assistance 70% 01her 2 % 174 Annual Unlinke d Passenger Trips .... 1915 1&90 111188 LR I Annual Pas s enger M iles ( I n Annual Operating Expenses (In Millions) ... .... ... I LR .... ... ....

PAGE 183

--$1:11""' Gctshn Map courtesy: Michael Adler 175

PAGE 184

Regional Transtt (RT) operates a s i ngle light rail line and 60 bus routes sefVing the Sacramento metropolitan area. Light rail service began in 1987 on an 18.2 mile starter system route from n ortheastern suburbs through downtown and eastward to Rancho Cordova. The tight rail l i n e currently serves 29 stations The line uses both abandoned and existing rail lines, freeway medians city streets a n d new light of way. Articulated LRVs are operated in trains of one to four cars on a basic 15 minute weekday headway with 30 minute service in the evening and i n weekends. Like other "new starr' systems, RT uses a proof-of-payment fare system. Bus services are coordinated with rail at several key i ntercha nge points Year of First Service Yea r of latest Expansion Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Ma i ntenance Administrative 250 533 75 333 17 58 34 18 106 106 Ho urs of Service Weekday 042Hl052 0530-2400 Peak/Off-Peak Headways 176

PAGE 185

Mode LR Mode LR Network Characte ristics Active Fleet Size 36 Networi< Miles 18. 2 Veh i c l e 6.9 Electrification 750V, Rollin g Stock Single / Double Track Both A rticul ate d 36 Gauge 4'81/211 Vehicle Characteristics Numbe r of Grade 89 Dimensions(Le n gth-Widlh) 80'-104 Route Environment(%) Air Co n ditioni n g Yes At Grade Separate RJW 74 Seati n g Capacity 60 A t Grade Street 23 ADA Accessib l e Vehi c les 36 In Subway or Tunnel 0 Steel or Rubber Ti r ed Steel Elevated 3 S i ng l e Car or Train Both Station Characteristics Man n ed or U n man ned Manned Number of Statio n s 29 Maximum Train Lengt h 4Cars ADA Access i ble 0 Low, Mid or H!gh Platforms Low Stations with Parking 9 Number of Spaces 3,885 Fre e or Pay Free M aintenanc e FaciiHies 1 Mod e LR Passes Fare P olley Flat Weekly Base Fare $1.25 Mo n thly $45.00 Transfer Fee Free Other 1 Week day Mult i person El d erly Fare $0.50 Fare Collection Han dicapped Fare $0.50 Fare Paymen t P,MSTP NMP,C,ST ,TT Stude n t Fare Access Contro l Proof-of Payment Other Equipment Used CMM,CVM,FVM CS, PCS 177

PAGE 186

(Millions) Passenger Trips Passenger Miles Area: J Pssenger rnp per per Capita Area: per capita Veh R evenue M i le Veh Revenue Hour Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance S tate Assistance Local Ass.istance Other L R M S 6 .96 15.97 33 .29 61.52 7.47 17. 13 35 75 66.07 6.34 14. 56 $15 44 $37 .35 $ 8.69 $5.53 $156.69 $75.38 $54.947.430 29.1% 6.4% 0 .3% 62.2% 2.0% 178 Annual Unlinked Passenger Trip s (In M illions) 19 8 0 ,., .... 111!!11! LR MB I Annu a l Passe n g e r M iles ( I n Millions) .... ... ,.., Annua l O perating Expenses ( I n M illions) ... 1985 1990 leLRMI .... ... ....

PAGE 187

7th & Cpiltol Map courtesy: Michael Adler 179

PAGE 188

The Bi State Developme nt Autho r ity i s a regiona l agency providing l i g h t rail and bus service i n St. Lou i s and t hree adjacent counties i n Missouri and Illin o is. B i -Sta t e o pera t es 122 b u s roules w ith a flee t of665 vehicles and one li gh t rail l i n e {Me trol ink) with 31 LRVs M etro i i n k began serv ice i n J u ly 1 994 on a rout e that i s dis ti nguished by use of an abandoned tunnel disused bridge and an u nderutilized railroa d li n e for 80 perc ent of the 18-mile r oute servi n g 17 high platfonn stations. The grade separated right-of-way con nects the a i rport Univers i ty of M i ssiour i Union Sta t ion rede ve l opment downtown St. Lo u i s and East St Lou i s, Illino i s Yea r of First Service Number of Ro utes T otal E m p l oyees Operating Mai n tenance N on-Ma i ntena nce Admi n istrat i ve 1 994 1 122 1,566 63 1 008 18 229 10 65 2 199 2g 85 Hours of Serv ice Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 0445-0 1 00 0345-02 1 5 1 8 0

PAGE 189

Mode LR Mode LR Netwo r k Cha racteristics Active Fleet Size 31 Network Miles 1 8 Vehic l e 1 3 E l ectrification 750V, Ovefhead Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Double Articu l ated LRV 31 Gaug e 4 '8112" Vehicle Characteristics Number of Grade 12 D i mensions (Le n gth Width) 89'6"-105" Route E n vironment(%) Air Conditioning Yes At Grade Separate RIW 94 Seat i ng Capacity 72 A t G r ade Street 0 ADA Accessib l e Ve h icle 31 I n Subway o r Tunnel 6 Steel or Rubber Tired Steel Elevated 0 S ingl e car or Trai n Both S tation C h aracteristics Manned or Unmanned Manned Number of Stat i o n s 17 Max i mum Train Le n gth 3Cars ADA Access i ble 17 Low, Mid, or High Platforms High Statio n s w ith Parking 6 Numbe r of Spaoes 2,500 Free o r Pay Free M a i n t enance Facilities 1 Mode LR Passes Fare Policy Flat Weel(ly $11 .00 Base Fare $1.00" Monthly $35 .00 Transfer Fee $0.10 Other 3 Day 1 Weekday Elderly Fare $0. 50 Fare Collection Handicappe d Fare $0. 50 Fare Paym e nt MSTP.C,P,ST,TT Student Fare Aocess Contr o l Proof-of Payment O ther Free inCBO Used 1 8 1

PAGE 190

Expenses (Millions) Per Veh. Revenue Mile '" "''" Revenue Hour OperaUng Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance State Assistance Local Assistance Other LR MB $11.49 $89.04 $6 50 $4 63 $144 .15 $69 02 $97 .231.141 24% 10% 0% 63% 3% 182 1980 .. 1 090 1 ... Annual Operating Expenses (In Millions) 1980 1985 1090 1 ... lelR ... I

PAGE 191

Missouri Map courtesy: Michae l Adl er 183

PAGE 192

The North San Diego County Trans it Development Board (NCTD) began opera tio n of commuter rai l seNice, marketed as "Coas t er, on a 42-mile route between Oceanside and San Diego in February 1995 Coaster trains consist of three to five bi-level cars and diesel locomotives operating in a pusl>-pull mode. Trains operate on a rail shared with Amtrak intercity trains and Santa Fe freight tra i ns The end point cities and five intermediate stops are seNed b y eight trains in each direction on weekdays. Feeder buses an d parking are available at most stations Transfer arrangements exist w ith l ocal transit in Oceanside and San Diego. NCTO also operates loca l bus transit seJVi ce throughout northern San D i ego Co u nty Year of First SeJVice Year of Latest Expansion Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative 1 995 1 Nl Hours of SeJVice Weekday 0534-1825 Peak/Oif Peak Headways 184 .. 1976 Nl 119 458 287 85 35 51 Nl

PAGE 193

Mode CR M o d e CR Network Characteristics Active Fleet SiZe 2 1 Miles 42.0 Vehic l e Nl E l ectrificat ion N/A Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Sing l e Ra il Gaf$ Gauge 4'811"' Bilevel (K ) 8 Numbe r of Grade N l Bi..J.evel (C) 8 Rout e Env ironment(%) Commuter Rai l locomotives At Grade Separate R1W 100 D iesEie c 5 At Grade Street 0 Vec hicle C h a racteristics In Subway or Tunnel 0 Dimensio n s (Le n gt h -Widt h ) 85 118 E l evated 0 Air Conditioning Yes Station C h a racteristics S eat i n g Capacity 1 36 N u mber o f Statio n s 8 ADA Accessible Vehic les 16 ADA Accessible 8 Stee l or Rubber Tire d Steel Low Mid, o r Hig h Platforms Low S i ngle Car or Train Bot h Station s w H h Parkin g 6 Man n e d or U nman n e d Man ned N u m b e r o f Spaces N l Maximum Train length 5 Cars Free or Pay Nl M aintenance Facilities 1 Mode CR Passes F are Policy Z onal Weekly Base Fare $2 .so Month l y Zona l up to $80 .00 Transfer Fee Free Other Two-Trip, Ten-T r i p Elderty $ 1 .25 Fare Collection Hand i capped $1.25 Fare Payment c Stu d e n t Access Control Nl Other Used AVM 185

PAGE 194

(Mill i ons) IU r linlngija Miles per C.plta A rea: per Capita CR N l N l Nl Nl N l M B 10.55 64. 01 1 6 19 98.24 4 .49 N l $26.19 Veh. Revenue Mile $2. 79 Veh. Rev e n ue Hour $51.01 Openl n g Revenues $29,692 ,164 Farebox 22% Federal Assistance 9o/o S t ate Assistan ce 4% Local Assi s t a nce 56% Other 9% 1 8 6 Annua l Unlinked Pass enge r T r i ps (In Millions) r---------------------. 10 5 0 1980 tW 1 990 I .-.. -.. I A nnual Passenge r M ile s (In Millions) 1980 .... ... Annua l Ope rati ng Expenses (In Millions) 1080 ... .... l ... l .... ... ...

PAGE 195

Oceanside Transit Center Carlsbad Village Station Carlsbad Poinsetta Station Solana Beach Station Sorrento Valley Station Old Town Transit Center San Diego (Santa Fe Depot) Map courtesy: Ben Walker 187

PAGE 196

San Diego Trolley operates a two-route 34.3 mile light rail l ine serving 39 stations in the met ropolitan area. The South Line l inking San Diego and San Ysidro on the U.S. Mexico border in 1981 was the first new light rail line built i n the U.S. The East Line t o Santee opened in stages between 1986 and 1995. Both operate largely on reconstructed freight rail lines with freight service mainta ined at night. The l ines share a mile long transit mall on C Street i n downtown San Diego Two to four car trains of articulated LRVs operate under visual rules in city s treets and block signa l s on private right-of-way. SDTI introd uced the proof-of -pay ment honor fare system to the u .s. Year of First Service Year of Latest Expansio n Number of Routes Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 188 .. ... ; -:' -' 1981 Nl 1996 Nl 2 110 259 941 118 631 52 208 66 6 23 96 0 0 0404-0211 Nl Nl

PAGE 197

Mode LR Mode LR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 71 Network Miles 34. 3 Vehic l e 8 1 Electrification 60QV, CM!rtlead Rolling Stock Single/Double Track Doub l e Art iculated LRV U -2 71 Gauge 4'8 '/ll' Vehicle Characteristics Number of Grade 58 Dimensions (length-Width) 79'7''-104" Route Environment(%) Air Conditioning Yes AI Grade Separate RIW 94 Seating Capacity 64 At Grade Street 6 ADA Accessible Vehicles 71 In Subway or Tunnel 0 Steel or Rubber Tir ed Steel Elevated 0 Single Car or Train Single Car Sfation Characteristics Manned or Unmanned Manned Number of Stations 39 Maximum Trai n Length 4Cars ADA Accessible 39 Low, Mid or High Platforms Low Stations wHh Parking 21 Number of Spaces 4 ,200 Free or Pay Free Maintenance Facilities 1 Mode LR Passes Fare Policy Floati n g Zone Weekly Base Fare $1.oo Monthly $49.00 T r ansfer Fee Free Other 1 Weekday Elderly Fare $0 75 Fare Collection Handicapped $0.75 Fare Payment PC,PC,ST,NMP Student Fare $0 .75 Access Control Proof o f Payment Other Used 189

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(Mi lli ons) I Ur11inl k e d Passenger Trips IAr>nuar Passenger Mile& Area: Trips per Gapi ta M i les per Capita Area: per Gaplta Ex:penses ( M illions) Veh. Revenue Mil e Veh. Revenue Hour Operati n g Revenues Fare box Federal Assistance Sta t e Assistan ce Local As&istanoe 01her MB 35. 38 143 7 1 $56.69 $4 .47 $53.77 LR 14.89 75 .62 9 93 50.41 6 34 $ 1 9.34 $4.63 $87 77 $ 77,262 2 1 8 4 9 .8% 6 7% 4. 8% 37.0% 1 7% 190 Annua l U nli nke d Passenge r Trips {ln M illions) Annua l P a ssenge r Mil os ( I n M illions ) ... ... 19$0 Annu a l Operat i ng Expenses ( In M illions) 1 994

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North Line OldTown IVIicldlecOOMirP.alm Courill Centff /Utllt k.ills Sahta F t Otpcc 0 \/tid Blvd dAmtltAY /5_ EICojo .... a :. r.' Am"JClllw 0 Spmg St .0 Lemoo!llow Oopat ..i ... ...... Conwoliooc..terv ... East Line &1j Ji I South L ine ii5'AWI Yt:id1o/lntm.uion.a! Botd&t Map courtesy: Micllael Adlet 191

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The Bay Area Rapid Dist rict (BART) heavy rail system was const ructed between 1967 a n d 1 972 w i th full service operati n g u nder the bay to San Franc isco in 1974. BART i nitially operated a 71. 5 m i l e four route system serving 34 statio n s i n San Francisco Alameda, and Contra Costa counties, an area with a combi ned 19 9 0 popu lation of 2 8 million BART was the first new rail system to be b u ill incorporating advanced technology for tra i n con t r ol and fare collection Trains operate with up to 10 cars on a broad gauge system that i ncludes s ubway and underwater tunnels eleva t ed structures and grade separated surface rights of way. BART a lso operates express feeder bus service and has transfer agreeme nts with several local operators. A 1.6 m i le exte n sion to Col ma i n San Ma t eo county and a 4 0 m i l e extensio n t o North Concord/Marti nez opened in 1995 A further 3.8 mi l e Pittsburg/Ant i och extension opened in tate 1996. Year of F irst Service Year of Latest Expansion Number of Routes Total Employees Operat i n g Mai nte n ance Non Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 192 1974 1995 2,609 847 544 541 383 29 4 0400-0130 5 -20

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Mode HR Mode HR Netwo r k Characterist ics Active Fleet Size 590 Networl< Miles 80. 9 Vehicle 16.7 E l ectrification 1Kv, T hmi Rai l Rolling Stock S i ngle/Double Track Double Heavy Rail (G) 285 Gauge 5'2" Rail 305 Number of Grade 0 Veh i c l e Characte ristics Route Environment(%) Dimensions (length-Width) 70 126. At Grade Separate RIW 35 Air Conditioning Yes At Grade Stneel 0 Sealing Capacity 64-72 In Subway or Tunne l 33 ADA Accessible Vehic les 590 E l evated 32 Steel or Rubber Tired Stee l Station Character isti cs Single Car or Trai n T rain Number of Sta t ions 34 Manned or Unmanne d Manned ADA Accessible 34 Maximum Train Le ngth 10 Cars Low, M i d o r H i g h P l atfonns High Stat ions wltll Parl
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(Millions) I U rl l lnl
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West ....... '/ (0_\'tfb.\, cj;W" North Concord/ 0 Martinez c;. concord 0 P leasortHill 0 W.lnli creek o L.of ayetle '6 Olinda Rod
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The Peninsu l a Joint Powers Board was created in 1992 by San Francisco, San Mateo and Santa Clara counties to provide a local agency to take over San Franc i sco-San Jose commuter rail responsib ilit ies from Cal trans Mari
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Mode CR Mode CR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 85 Network Miles 76. 8 Vehicle 10.4 Electrification Nl Rolling Stock Slngle!Doubfe Track Double Qgmmute[ Biilil Qil[li Gauge 4'8tno' Unpowered (S) 52 Number of Grade 56 Unpowered (K) 21 Route Environment(%) QO[!![!!Ute[ Ri!il At Grade Separate Rm 99 Diese l 12 At Grade Street 0 Vehicle Characteristics In Subway or Tunnel 1 Dimensions (Length-Width) 85'-127" Elevated 0 Air Conditioning Yes Station Characteristics Seating capacity 130-148 Number of Stations 34 ADA Accessible Vehicles 0 ADA Accessible 14 Steel or Rubber Tired Nl Low, M id or High Platforms Low Single Car or Train Train Sta11ons with parking 23 Manned or Unmanned Manned Number of Spaces 4 897 Maximum Train length 10 Cars Free or Pay Fre e/$0.50 1 Mode CR Passes Fare Policy Zonal Weekly Base Fare $1.25" Monthly Zonal from $30.50 Transfer Fee Free Other Elder1y Fare $0.50 Fare conection Handicapped Fare $0.50 Fare Payment C,P,PC Student Fare Access Control Proof of Paymen1 Other Used 197

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(Milli o ns) jU11Iinked Passenger Trips IAr1nual Passenger MiJes Area: T rips per Cepn e MUss per Capita Area: T ri ps per Cap i ta Mile s Operating Revenues Fare box Federal Assistance State Asslstance l ocal Assistance Other CR 5 .61 127. 29 $39 .572,888 32% 3% 0% 20 61% r o 4% I 0 198 Annua l Unlinked Passenger Trips (In Millions) .. ; :. ;;:.Y I .,....,. I {.;,; .. : .. .. hif : .. ,;,.... . 'tt" / ''-'' "t:): I is: 121 j;i;.._. '. '=' ... 1 980 198S 1990 .... I s c J

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.. . .... -.,-.-.. . -_ : .... '' ---j . . . '. -; :::-"."':'' ., .. _.-. _-,----, -:--., .. (2ft;EI:o'-i\2Jf .0 i ' '
PAGE 208

Light rail, cable cars, trolley buses, as well as motor bus service make San Franc i sco Mun i cipal Railway (Muni) one of the most diversified tran sit operators i n the U.S T h e six li ne, 27.9-mlle lig h t rail system i s the heritage of an extensive streetca r system. LRVs operate In the upper level of a subway shared with BART heavy rail. Articulated LRVs operate as one or two car trains i n streets, with up to four cars in the tun nel. A sixth route "F" opened i n 1995 using surface tracks on Mar1
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" : : r; Mode LR cc Network Characteristics Network Mi les 24.9 4.4 E l ectrification 60CN AC. Powered Cabkl Sing l e/Double Track Double Do u b l e Gauge 4'8'112 3'6" 0 Route Environment(%) At Grade Separate RJ\N 8 0 M. Grad e Street 70 100 In Subway or Tunnel 22 0 Elevated 0 0 Station Characteristics Number of Stations 9 0 ADA Accessible 9 0 Low, Mid, or High P latfo rms Low/High Low Stations with Parking None No n e Number of Spaoes Fre e or Pay Maintenance Facilities 1 1 Active Fleet Size 140 Rolling Stock light Rail Articulated LRV (N,P ) 12 8 PCC(F, M) 3, 1 Other (F, M) 7, 1 Cabl e cars Gable Cars (D) 12 Cable 201

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Mode LR cc D i mens ions 71'106 27' 96 Air Cond iti on i ng No No Seat i ng Capacity 58-68 29 ADA Acces i b l e Vehicles 1 4 0 0 Stee l o r Rubber Tired Stee l Stee l S i ng l e Car o r Train Both Sin g l e Car Manned or Unma n ned Man ned Man n ed 4Cars 1 Car M o d e LR cc Fare Policy F lat F l a t Base Fare $1. 10* Transfer Fee Free Free Eld e rly Fare $0. 35 Ha n dicapped Fa r e $0. 35 $ 2 .00 Student Fare $0. 35 Other Passe s Weekly $9. 00 Month l y $35 00 $35 .00 Other (3 Day 7 Day) $10.0()..$15.00 $ 1 0.00-$15.00 Fare Collection Far e Pa ymen t MSTP,C,ST,T,P C ,ST,T,TI,P Access Control EF,ET N l Equi p ment Used CMM,Tl, CVM -Augus.t 0119$ 202

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Area: PassengerTripsperCaplla 51.96 13 20 129.83 108.78 Mile$ per Cas>
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r JUDAII ,,, __ M OCUli VLZ\f M a p CO
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Santa Clara County Tra n sportat ion District (SCCTD) operates a 20-mi l e 6ght ra i l l ine with 33 stations and 78 motor bus routes serving metropolitan San Jose as well as suburban and rura l areas of the cou n ty. SCCTD is a l so r espons i ble for county r oads and the San Jose I nternationa l A i rport Light rail setV i ce i s provided by a flee t o f 54 articula t ed LRVs and 5 h istoric streetcars which operate o n ly on a 1 5 mile segment of the system i n downtown San Jose L RVs and buses share a d owntown mall composed of parallel one way routes a block apart. One to three car tra ins operate a t 10 minute in t ervals i n peak hour and 15 to 30 minut es in off-peak hours. Yea r of First Service Year of Latest Expansion Number of Routes Total Empl oyees Ope r ating Maintenance Non Maintenance Administrative 1989 1972 1991 1992 2 230 1 641 83 997 60 353 46 42 41 249 0 Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 0330-0100 0430-0230 206

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Mode LR M ode LR Network Characteristics Active Fleet Size 54 Network Mfles 20.1 Vehicle 12.0 Bectrification 750V, CNorhead Rolli n g Stock Single/Double Track Single Streetcar (M) 3 Gauge 4'8U2" Articu lated LRV (N) 50 Number of Grade 64 W-2 1 Route Environment(%) Vehi c l e C h aracteristics M. Grade Separate RNV 24 Dimensions (Length-Width) 88'-108" At Grade Stree t 76 Air Condition ing Yes tn Subway or Tunnel 0 Seating capacity 76 Elevated 0 ADA Accessible Vehicle 50 Statio n Characteristics Steel or Rubber Tired Steel Number of Stations 33 S i ngle Car or Train Bot h ADA Accessible 5 Ma nned or Unma n n ed Manned Low, Mid, or H i gh Platforms low Max imum Train Length 3Gars Stations with Parking 11 Numbe r of Spaces 6,298 Free or Pay Free Mainta n ance Facilities 1 Mo de LR Passes F are Policy F l at Weekly Base Fare $1.10 Month l y Transfer Fee Free Other Multi -Ride Elderly Fare $0.35 Far e C o llection Handicapped Fare $0.35 Far e P
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(Millions) IUr>linllla Expenses (Million s) Veh. Revenue Mile Veh. Revenue Hour Unlink ed Operating Revenues Farebox Federal Assistance SlateLocal Assistance Other 6 13 29 .50 SAO 25 .96 -4. 27 LR $21.18 $12.35 $184.49 MS 38 88 1sg.oa 3420 139.96 27.09 M S $ 126 96 $7.32 $102 .05 $152. 648,5M 12% 4% 33% 47% 4 % 208 Annual Unlinked Passen ge r Trips (In Millions) ""' 1 985 1 990 I !till LR ... I Annual Passenger MillS (ln M illions) .... .... .... Annual Operating ExpenHs (In Millions) to+---.... .... ... ... ... ...

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!I-.....,._ Ka!N Ol$h Map courtesy: Michael Adler 209

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The Seattle Monora i l a 1 1 mile, two-track route, was buitt i n 1962 to serve the Seattle WOI1d's Fair The Fair srte was subsequently rebuilt as a cultural and recreationa l center and the Monorail l inks that with downtown Seattle Trains ride on a concrete center beam on an elevated structu r e, are electrically powered and provide frequent serv ice at speeds up to 45 mph. A renovation of the system was carried out i n the mlds. It i s not an i n teg r al part of the Seattle Metro sys tem and separa t e tare payment i s required. Year of First Service Year o f Latest Expansion Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 210 1962 1 Nl Nl

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Mod e MR Mode MR Networ k Characteristics Active Fleet Size 2 Networl< Miles 1 1 32.5 Electrification Third Rail Rolling Stocl< Sing le/Dou ble Track Doub l e Monora i l 2 Gauge NJ Vechl c l e Characteristics Number o f Grade 0 Dimensions 60 .. 123" Route Environment(%) Air Condition i n g No M. Grade Separa t e RfW 0 Seating Capacity 62 M. Grade Street 0 ADA Accessib l e Vehicles 2 In Subway or Tunnel 0 S t eel or Rubber Tired Rubber Elevated 100 Single Car or Train S i ngle Car Statio n Characteristics Mann ed or Unmanned U n man n ed Number o f Stations 2 Maximum T rain Length N l ADA Accessib l e Nl Low, Mid, o r High Platforms H i gh Stations with Parking Nl Number of Spaces Free or Pay Maintenance Facilities 1 Mode MR Pass e s Nl Fare Policy Nl Wee k l y Base Far e Monthly Transfer Fee Other E lderl y Far e Fare Collecti o n Nl Handicapped Fare Fare Payment Student Fare Access Control Other Used 2 11

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(Millions) MR Passenger Trips 2 1 2 Passenger Miles 2.33 Area: p e r Cspila 4 28 per Cap i ta 4.70 per 1 .22 Expenses (Mill io ns) $1.48 Veh. Revenue M i le $8.0 0 Veh. Revenue Hour $72 08 Operatin g Revenues $1.7 0 1 ,074 Ferebox 1 00% Federal Assis l ance 0% State Assistance 0% Local Assistanoe 0% Other 0% 212 2 1 0 ... 2 1 5 1 0 5 0 1 2 0.0 0 3 Annua l U n li nk ed Passenger T r ips (In Milli ons) 1900 198$ 1990 I MR I Annua l Pa ssenger Miles 1900 (In Millions) .... .--. I I I I 1 900 I "'" l A nnual Operating Expenses (In Millions) .... .... 1990 I MI .. I 10 .. ....

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Ferry Terminal Seattle Center lr Place I I Westlake I I I I University I I Pioneer Square , , \\ Map courtesy: Ben walker 213 === Bus Tunnel Monorail Light Rail Orawing not to scale.

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Seattle Metro operates an extensive network of 203 diese l motor bus and 14 trolley bus rou tes and o n e historic stree tcar route A unique featu r e of Seatt l e transit operations is a 1.5 m ile, $400 million tunne l for use by dual powered buses and trolley buses in downtown Seattle The tunnel includes four subway stat ions and is adaptable for future li g h t ra il use. A fleet of 197 dual powered (electric and d i esel) buses were buiH for tunnel use. The Waterfron t streetcar line opened in 1982 uses wooden cars acqu i red from Melbourne Aus t ralia and has been extended to the King Street Amtrak station, for a tota l distance of 2.1 miles. Year of First Service 1982 Year of Lates t Expansion Numbe r of Routes T ota l Employees Operating Maintenance Non Main t enance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off Peak Headways 1 991 53 7 4 1 1 4 0 0648-0621 214 1973 Nl 1994 Nl 14 2,507 497 1,250 258 570 64 210 82 335 66 142 27 0435-0900 Nl

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Mode Network Characteristics Network M iles Electrification Single/Double Track Gauge Number of Grade Route Environment(%) At Grade Separat e RIW AI Grade Street In Subway or Tunne l Station Characteristics Number of Stations ADA Accessible Low Mid, or High Platforms Stations with Parking Number of Spaces Free or Pay Act ive Fleet Size Vehicle Rolling Stock S i ngle Ugh t Rail W-2 (M) L R TB 2 1 56. 3 600V Nl Single N l 4'81/2o' Nl Nl 100 0 0 0 14 N l 0 Nl High Nl 5 Nl Nl 13,000 Pay Nl 5 215

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Mode LR TB Dimensions 48' 60'-102" Air Conditioning No No Seating capacity 52 63 ADA Accesible Vehicles 5 370 Steel or Rubber Tired Steel Rubber Single Car or Trai n S ing le Car Nl Manned or Unmanned Manned Manned Maximum Tra i n Nl 1 Car Mode LR TB Fare Policy Flat Zonal Base Fare so. as $0.85" Transfer Fee Free Free Elderly Fare $0.25 $0.25 Handicapped Fare $0 .25 $0.25 Student Fare $0.75 $0.75 Other Passes Weekly Monthly $30.50 $30.50 Other 12-Month, 12-Month, Multi-Person Multi-Person Fare Collection Fare Payment T.P,ST ,C,NM C,ST ,MS TP, T P,NMP Access Control MF EF Equipment Used CCVM MCSR, CCVM,CS, 216

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(Millions) Passenger Trips Passenger Miles LR Nl Nl MB 56 .81 383.98 TB 22.61 41. 64 l i per Capita Nl 35.52 14.14 Miles per Capita Ar&a: per Capita JO!>era1ting Expenses (Mi llions) Veh. Revenue Mile Veh. Revenue Hour Operating Revenues Farebox Fed<>rel AS$islance State Assistance Local Assistance Nl 240.06 26 .04 Nl 32.57 12.96 Nl $179.11 $33.95 $6.59 $ 1 0,43 $110.89 $96.61 $233 060,871 23.4% 2.6% 0.2% 70.0% 3.8 % ra i l i n itS: uction 15 repOftb.il. 217 Annual Unlinkod Passenger Trips (In Millions) '"" 1995 Annual Passonger Miles (In Million$) .... Annual Operating Expense5 (In Millions) ... 1985 1980 ..... , ... ...

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Bam SeaHie Center > < ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Convention Place rr -:=....-=---=--:e l i Westlake I I l l H University II Pioneer Square Jackson 218 = = = Bus Tunnel Monorail Light Rail Otawing not to seaM

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Hillsborough Area Regi o n a l T ransrt Aurthority (HART-L i ne) operates a bus transrt system with 4 7 routes and 182 motor buses in Tampa and surrounding communrties in Hillsborough County. The agency a l so operates the Harbour I sland People Mover, a half-mile long sys t em l inki ng downtown Tampa and a private residen tia l office and commercia l development on Harbour Island The OTI&
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Mod e AG Mode AG Networ k Characterist ics Active Fleet Size 2 Network Miles 0 5 Vehic l e Nl Electrification Cable Powered Rolli n g S tock Single/Double Track S i ng l e A u tomated 2 Gauge N l Veh i cle C h aracteristics Number of Grade 0 Dimen s ions (Length-Wid th) Nl Route Environment(%) Air Cond itio n ing Yes At Grade Separate R!W 0 Sea t ing Capacity 100 At Grade S t reet 0 ADA Accessible Vehicles Yes In Subway or Tunne l 0 S t ee l or Rub b e r Tire d Rubbe r E l evate d 100 Single Car or Train Sing l e Car Station Characte ristics Manned or Unmanned Unma n ned Number of Sta t ions 2 Ma x imum Train Length One Car ADA Acc essible 2 Low, M i d, or High P l atforms H igh Stations with Parki n g 2 Numbe r of Spaces N l Free or Pay Pay Mai n t enance Facilities No n e Mode AG Passes F are P olicy Flat Weekly Base Fare $0 .25 Month l y Transfer Fee None Oth e r Elderly Fare $0 .25 Fare Collection Nl Hand i capped Fare $0 .25 Fare Payment C,T Student Fare Access Control MT Other Used CVM 221

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(Mi ll ions) I Ur>l in l
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I I 0 HARBOUR ISLAND 223

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This new commuter rail l i ne serving the northern Virgin ia community south of Washington, D.C. began operations in mid-199 2 with two routes totaling 80.9 miles Diesel locomotive powered push-pull trains operate out of Washington Union Station on a route to Manasas over the Norfol k Southern line and to Fredricksburg on a CSX line Ten locomo t ives, 35 new Brazilian-built cars and 2 1 rebuilt cars from Boston comp rise the fleet. Weekday trains serve e i ghteen stations, all with park and ride lots, in Virginia. Connections wrth WMATA heavy ra i l Metro trains are made in Alexandria and Washington Union Station provides a connection to MARC commuter ra i l and Amtrak intercity trains. Yea r of First Service Year of latest Expansion Number of Routes Total Employees Operating Maintenance Non-Maintenance Administrative Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 224 1992 1996 2 110 39 37 11 18 5 0515-2037 30

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Mode CR Mode C R Network Characteristics Acti v e Aeet Size 53 N etwai
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(Millions) !Uo1llnkec Passenger Trips IA11nu1 a Passenger Miles Passenger Mile-s per Capita Urbanlzod Ana: Passenger Trips per Capita IOI>ere,ting El
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I I -J I i J I I Map courtesy : VRE 227 <> $Mic.'lll l'llcut SliG fA ftti'Mi ('.n.a''m -C(liiii('(Cion I\IDCJ1ii:Coia):tlilm """""' ""*""" ,.!... ... \ \

PAGE 236

The Washi ngton Metro, opera t ed by WMA T A, was the first major heavy ra i l syst em opened i n the U S. after BART. The initia l 4.8 m i le segment o p ened in 1976 has grown to a five route, 8 7 2 mil e system as of m i d 1996. Forty o n e percent o f the system is in subway or tunnel A fleet o f 764 cars, operated as married pairs in trai n s o f up to 8 car s serves 7 4 statio n s in the District Maryl and, and V i rg i nia. cars are a i r cond i tioned, carpeted, and equ i pped with three pa i rs of slid i ng doors th a t open to hi gh level platforms at s t ations T rains run under automatic t rain control at 3-6 m i nute peak headways. Automated fare collection Is used w i th magn e t i c cards deducting d i stance based charges from a p r e-paid stored value. Yea r of First Service Year of Latest Expansion Number of Routes Total Emplo yees Operating Main tena nce Non-Maintenance Administrative 1991 5 4,174 1 371 755 1,435 3 69 245 Hours of Service Weekday Peak/Off-Peak Headways 0530-2400 3-617-16 22 8 1967 N l 369 4 154 2 534 846 184 361 229 Nl

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Mode HR Mode HR Network Characteristics Activ e F le e t Siz e 76 4 Networ k Miles 87.2 1 0.5 Electrifica t ion 75 0 V, Third Rail Rollin g Stock Sin gle/Doub l e Tra c k Doub l e Heavy Rai l (H) 764 Gau g e Vehicle Characteristics Nu m ber o f Grade 0 Dimen s ions 74' 9"-122" Route Environme nt(%) Air Cond iti oning Yes At Grade Separate RJW 5 1 Seating capacity 68-80 At Grad e Street 0 ADA A c c essible Vehic l e s 764 In Subway or T unne l 41 Stee l or Rubber Tired Stee l El e vated 8 Sin g l e Car or Train Trai n Station Characteristics Manned or Unmanned Man ned Number of Stations 74 Maximum Trai n Length scar s ADA Accessib l e 74 Low Mid o r High Platfonns High Stations with P arki n g 34 Number o f Spaces Nl Free or Pay $1.501$2.25 Ma i ntenance Fa cilities 5 Mod e HR P asses Fare P o l icy Grad u ate d Weekly B ase Fare $1.10 Monthly $100 00 Transfe r Fee Fre e /$1 .10 O th e r $5. 00, 1 Week day Elderly Fare $0 55 Fare Collection Hand i cappe d F are $0.55 Fare Payment MSVC,C,P Student Fa r e CSVC,MSTP Othe r Access Contro l ET Used 229

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(Millions) IU,Iinked Passenger Tr ips IAI>nual Passenger Miles Area: Trips per Capita Miles per Capita Area: Trips per Capita Miles HR 195.83 1 064.95 65.15 MB 144.39 450.91 48.04 354.30 150.02 58.23 42.93 IO!J..,rating El
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StatiQn In SHv1ce Stauon Map courtesy: Michael Ad ler W{"J '(X(f}j, : _._-: : -\ 11 -:......, ... :-._, ' '' ,.- .' ., -'' ---')'' ., -'1 _. .. :-' . ::_ ,, .... ; .f, :: .,, ,.:f --:-: . .; :' .' ".': :::: ,. ::_ .:: -, ;1 ;l __ ,_ ._, ,.--.-,, .. ... ,::-.-: .:::: :::. :-:.; .. ::."'.;::;;> ., .. .--,' _"-;t.'<<-----::.-,--_-. .. ,.'.<).,:,-. !... .. .. :.'.;":: '.. ; __ ; jg:.).tJ\::r:ritf:l r f.i t: ; t. i x J,B .-;, ;?j r(;'J;. I e ( i! i_, F 1t1 I' _i!$-l:JI)'B?.' litiJ : 8.!:_@ __ i :,: :: :_,_. .:::< :'; .<:, :. -. -_ :. _. \-:::_ ---: _.-:. _:_, .. -;.: :::::.: _: ., __ :::.':B: 231

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New York-New Jer.iey Chicago Phi ladelphia San F r anci sco Was h ington D.C L os Ange les Pittsburgh Atla nta C l ev e l a n d Miami Dallas Baltimore New Or leans San Diego San J ose New Haven Sacrame n to P ortland S t L o uis B uffa l o Denver Galveston Memphi s Detroit Sean le Chattanooga Jackson ville Tampa Number of Guideway Transit Routes, 1994 234

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Number of Guideway Transit Routes, 1994 New YorkNew Jersey Chicago Boston P h iladelphia San Francisco Los Angeles Washi ngton D.C. Pittsburgh Baltimore aevelan d Dallas San Diego Sa n Jose New Orleans New Haven Miami Sacrament o Portland St. Louis Buffalo De-nver Galveston Heavy Rail gj Commuter Rail Rai l Memphis 235

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New York N ew J ersey C h i cago Los Angeles Washingt o n D.C. Boston Philadelph i a San Francisco M iami At l anta Bal t i more San D iego New Haven Cleveland San Jose P ittsb urgh Sacramento S t. l ouis P ortlan d New Orleans Buffalo D e nver Galveston Memphi s D e troit Seattle Chattanooga Jackson\lille T ampa Johnstown Dallas Guideway Transit Network Miles, 1994 ... 1,270AS HI 236

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Guideway Transit Route Miles, 1994 New YorkNew Jersey Chicago 1 ,45 1 .9 Philadelphia Washi ngton D.C. Los Angeles Boston San Francisco Miam i Atla nta Clevelan d San D iego Baltimore New Haven Fittsbu r gh San Jose Sacramento St. Louis Portland N ew Or leans Buffalo Denv er Galveston Memphis Det r oit Seattle Chattanooga Jacksonville Tampa J ohnstown Dallas Nl 237

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Guideway Transit Network Miles, 1994 P hil adel p hia San Diego Boston San I Balt1more Los Angeles San Jose Pittsburgh Sacramento Ponland St. Louis C leveland ; N ew Orleans I Buffalo 6.2 Denver 6.3 New Y ork New Jersey 4.2 Light Rail 15.1 13A 8.5 22.5 21.6 20.1 19.1 18.2 18 2U 26 34.7 34.3 Galv eston =2 Memphis ,._,.=2.= 2 ---------------------Heavy Rail New York. New Jersey .... 225.1 Chicago Washington D.C. San F rancisco Philadelp hia A t lanta Boston Miami Cleveland Baltimore L os Angeles New Yorl: New Jersey Chi cago Los Angeles Washington D.C."' Boston P h iladelphia San Francisco Miam i New Haven Commuter Rail 1,041.2 MARC commuter rail services are operated by the s tate of Mal)'land, but focus on Washington D .C. 238

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Guideway Transit Route Miles, 1994 P h iladelphia San Fran dsco San Diego Boston Pittsburgh Baltimore Los Angeles San Jose C lev
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Guideway Transit Network Miles, 1994 New YorkNew Jersey p 1,041.2 BO>ton Phil adelphia San Francisco Miami Atlanta San Diego New Haven i=;::J3ll8 Pittsburg h St. l ouis New Or leans Buffalo Denver Gal vesto n Heavy Rai l I Commute r Rail Rail Memphis 240

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New York New Jer"'y Chicago Los Angeles Washington D.C. Boston Plliladelph i a San Francisco Atl a nta San D iego Cleveland Sacrame-nto St. Louis Portland New Orleans B uffalo Galveston Guideway Transit Route Miles 1994 241 Heavy Rai l Commuter Rail Rail

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Annual Guideway Transit Vehicle Revenue Miles, 1994 New York New Jersey San Francisco Washington D.C. Boston Philadelphia Atlanta M iarrU Los Angeles Baltimore San Diego Cleveland Portlan d -""-"'' St.louis . 769.517 San Jose I 1 ,71 5 ,22A Pittsburgh 11,700,366 Sacramento 11; 670. ,570 Buffalo 190G,9:Z1 New Orleans l701,9ll3 Detroit 1494,0118 New Haven )44,6CIO Seattle 1185,5<56 Denver )109,4119 Memph i s 197 . 175 Jacksonville In"'" Tampa Galveston 110.12c Chattanooga 118-"" Joh nstown Dallas L -------------- Denver data is a partial year from October through December. 244

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Annual Guideway Transit Vehicle Revenue Miles, 1994 Light Rail Boston San Diego 4,175,858 San Francisco 3,621,629 Los Angeles 2,943,994 Philadelphia 2,813,439 Baltimore 2,215,632 Penland 1,775,531 St. Louis 1 ,769,517 San Jose 1,715,224 1,670,570 Pittsburgh 1,650,476 Clevela n d 953,453 Buffal o 900,921 New Orl eans 701,993 New York. New Jer sey 664,087 Denver" 109,409 Memphi s 97,175 5,529,239 Galvesto n L 1::9::;,1::2::.0 __________________ __ New York. New Jersey Chi cago San Francisco Washingto n D.C. Atlanta Boston P h i l adelphia Miami Cleveland Heavy Rail New York. New Jersey Chicago Boston Philadelphia Washington D.C. San Francisco Los Angeles Miami Commuter Rail New Haven Denver data is a partial year from October 1hro ugh December. 245

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246

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Annua l Guideway Transit Vehide Revenue M iles, 1994 New York New Je"ey Chicago San Francisco Washington D.C. Boston Philadelphia Miami Los Angeles San Jose Jsl.71,..,. Now Orleans New Haven Denver"' 1 ,..,.., Memphi s Galveston Hea\1)' Rail ID Commuter Rail UghtRai l Denver data is a partial fTom October through December. 24 7

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Annual Guideway Transit Passenger Miles per Train Revenue Mile, 1994 New Y or k New Jersey S a n Francisco Los Ang e les Boston Chicago Philadelphia Miam i Baltimore Atlanta Cleveland Portland Buffalo St. l ouis San D i ego Sacramento New Haven San Jose Pittsburgh N&WOtleans Galveston Memphis Denver nla Washington D.C. nla L_ __ ________________________ ___ Ugh t r ail and heavy rail i nformation was not available 248

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Annual Guideway Transit Passenger Miles per Train Revenue Mile, 1994 Portland Buffalo St. Louis San Diego Sacramento Baftimore Clevela nd Philadelphia San Francisco Boston San Jose Pittsburgh New Orleans New York-New Jersey Galveston Memphis iiii:i Los Angelos Light Rail New York -New Jersey Philadelphia san Frandsco Boston Atlanta C hicago M iami Baltimore Cleveland Los Angelos Washington D.C. L-------------------------------------New YorkNew Jersey Washi n gton D.C. Boston Chicago Los Angelos M iami San francisco Philadel p h ia Now Haven Commuter Rail 249

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250

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Annual Guideway Transit Passenger Miles per Train Revenue Mile, 1994 Now Y o rk New Jersey I:::J ,.. B oston Baltimor e 171 Chicago Phil a d elphia Los Angeles San F randsco Allanta Miami Portland B uffa l o St. Louis Cleveland San D iego Sacrame n to New H aven San Jose Pittsburgh New Orleans Galveston Heavy Rail Memphis Commuter Rail Denver Rail Washingt o n D.C. 2 5 1

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New Y orlc. New Jersey Phil ade l phia San Francisco Atlanta Miam i San Diego Pittsburgh S t. Lou is Portl and Sacramento L os Angeles New Or leans New H aven Buffa l o Memph i s Gal veston Washington D.C. Den ver Gu i d e way T rain Revenue Miles, 1 99 4 nla nla 252

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Guideway Train Revenue Miles, 1994 Boston San Francisco P h iladelphia San Diego San Jose Pittsburgh Balt imore St. Louis Portland Sacramento CJevela nd New Orieans New YorkN ew Jersey Buffalo Memphis 7 1'" Galveston f1o.120 Light Rail Los Angeles nta New Yorl:N ew Jersey C hicago San Francisco Boston Atlanta Philadelphia Miami Cleveland Baltimore Los Angeles nla Heavy Rail Washin gton D.C. N ew YorkNew Jersey Chicago Philadelphia Boston San Francisco Baltimore los Angeles Miami New Haven 111i0,583 Commuter Rail Washi ngton D.C. Lnt.::::_ _________________ 253

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254

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Guideway Train Revenue Miles, 1994 San Francisco Philadelphia Boston Atlanta San D i ego Miami Baltimor e St. Louis Portland Los Angeles New Orleans B uffal o New Haven Memphis Galveston Washington D .C. Heavy Rail Commuter Rai lightRai 255

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Annual Guideway Transit Passenger Miles per Network Mile, 1994 New YorkNew Jersey Boston San Francisco Washingto n D.C. Philadelphia Chicago Atlanta Los Angeles Miami Balti mo r e Cleveland Portland Buffalo St. Louis Pittsburgh Detroit San Diego N e w Orlean s Seattle Sacramento San Jose Chat1ancoga Denver ,1145 Tampa I3E18,9116 Jacksonville 121>1,0<55 Joh n stown New Haven ,640 Memph is 169,407 Garveston Dallas L-----------------"' Denver data is a partial year from October through December. 256

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Annual Guideway Transit Vehicle Revenue Miles per Network Mile, 1 994 New York-New Jersey San Frandsco Boston Atlanta Chicago Philadelphia Wamber. 257

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Annual Guideway Transit Passenger Miles per Network Mile, 1994 Boston !!!!!!!!!!!! Los Angeles San Francisco Portland B uffalo St. Louis New YorkJersey Philade lphia San Diego Cleveland New Orlean s Pittsburgh Baltimore Sacramento San Jose Denver Memphi s Galveston York-New Jersey Boston San Francisco Washington D.C. Philadel phia A t lanta Chicago Miam i Baltim ore Cleveland Los Angeles Vo rl
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Annual Guideway Transit Vehicle Revenue Miles per Network Mile, 1994 Ught Rail Boston New Vorl:New San Francisco Buffalo Los Ange les St. Lou is San D iego Portla n d Bah i more Sacramento San Jose N ew Orleans Pittsburgh Phila d e lphia Clevel and Memphis 45,198 Denver 2Q.643 160,021 145,740 145,31 0 136,296 128,394 121,739 117,585 101,635 92,297 87,96 0 87,749 88,639 81,198 71,420 197,826 Heavy Rail New York .. New Jersey San Frandsco Boston Atlan1a Was h i n gton D.C. Chi cago Phi ladelphia Miami los A ngele s Cleveland jlll99,9l15 New York New Jersey Chicago San Frandsco Philadelph i a Miami Washington D.C. New Haven L os Angeles Commuter Rail Denver data is a partia l yea r from Octobe r throug h December. 259 112,450

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Annual Guideway Transit Passenger Miles per Network Mile, 1994 New YorkNew Jersey San Francisco Washington D .C. Portland Buffalo . OT>,,,,. St. Louis C l eveland New O rlean s Sacramento San Jose Denver I:;J$0AI4! Galvesto n ;,,,_ New Haven b1l7,..10 Heavy Rail D Commuter Rai l Rai l "Denver data i s a partial year from October t hrough December 260

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Annual Guideway Transit Vehicle R e venue Miles per Networi< M i le, 1994 York New J ersey Boston A tlanta Wash i ngton D.C. Chic ago Philadelphia Mami Buff a l o St. Louis San Diego Portland B a ltimore Cleveland Sacramento San Jose New Orleans Pittsburgh l=:ssll .. Memphis Galveston 98.1:16 N ew Haven jl u.sts H eavy Rail Commuter Rai l Rail Denver data is a partial year from October through De
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Annual Guideway Transit Unlin ked Trips, 1994 New YorkNew Jersey Bosto n Chicago Wash i ngton D.C Phil a delphia San F r ancisco A t lanta Los Ange les Miami Bal timore San Diego Clell
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Annual Gu ideway Transit Pa ssenger Miles 1994 New York -New Jersey Chicago Wash i ngton D.C. San Francisco Boston Philadelphia Atlanta los Angeles Miami Baltimore Cleveland San DiEgo Portland St. louis Pittsb u r gh 136',937,665 Sacramento ,41&7 San Jose 105 Buffalo 119, ,056,021 New Orleans 16,184,670 New Haven Detroit 13,4G1,1 1U Seattle I""'"""'" Chattanooga 1401U2:< Memphis l36oi,Z2:S Galllen\>er data is a partia l from October throogh December. 26 3

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Annual Guideway Transit Unlinked Trips, 1994 Boston Philadel p hia San Francisco Ught Rail San Diego 14,887,952 los Angeles 11,848 ,833 Portland 8,482,255 Buffalo 8,248,015 S t Louis 8 ,004,883 Pittsburgh 7 943,343 New Orleans 7,257,644 Sacramento 6,958 ,332 Baltimore 6,229,118 San Jose 6,133,003 C l evelan d 4,259.1131 New Yo rk. New Jersey 3,812,659 Denver* 964.590 Memphis 430,sss )111108 ,504,<39 <0,054,2.< 37 ,$15,493 Ga lveston Heavy Rail New York. New Jersey Washingto n D.C. Boston Chicago Philadel phia San Francisco Atlanta Miami Baltimore C l eveland Commuter Rai l New Y ork N ew J ersey Chicago Boston Phil ade lph ia Washington D .C. San francisco II Los Angeles '"'""'" Miami 11:!,912,8115 New Denver data i s a part ial year from October through December. 264

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Annual Guideway Transit Passenger Miles, 1994 Light Rail B oston Los Angeles San Francisco Philadelphia San D i ego Portland 46,418,381 St. Louis 42,576,641 Battimore 40,838,601 Pittsburgh 35,758,2110 Sacramento 33,287.467 San Jose 29..601,105 Cleveland 27,179,542 Buffalo 18,056,021 New Orleans 18,184,870 New York-New Jersey 11,878,832 Denver.,.. 2,633,282 Memphis 384,228 103,122,242 102,170,472 91,833,631 75,819,879 151,913,214 Galveston c2::5:::8!::::o:.._ _________________ Heavy Rail New York-New Jersey Wash i n gton D.C San Francisco Chicago Boston Atlanta M iami Baltimor e ,1190,,521 aeveland ,!186,065 Los Angeles Commuter Rail Denver data is a partial year from October through December. 265

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Annual Guideway Transit Unlinked Trips, 1994 New York-New Jersey Washington D .C. Boston C h i cago Philadelpllia San Francisco Manta Miami P ortland ...... ,. Buffalo ..... New Orleans sacramento ... ,, Cleveland San JO
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Annua l Guideway Tran s it Passenger Miles, 1994 Was h i n gton D C San Francisco Philadelphia E Boston Baltimore Los Angeles Miami San Diego Cleveland .,.,,,. .. Portland St. Louis js<2.51' U<1 Sacramento il!>:l,>r.r,
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light Rail Percent Share of Rail Transit Annual Unlinked Trips, 1994 San Diego P ortla n d Buffa lo St. Louis Pitts burgh New Orleans Sacramento San Jose Denver Memphis Galveston Los A ngeles Clevel and Baftimore Boston San Francisco Phil a d elphia New YorkNew Jersey I Light Rail W -I Heavy Rai l Commuter Rail I 268

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Ught Rail Percent Share of Rail T ransit Annual Passenger Miles, 1994 B uffa l o Denver Gal vesto n Memphis New Orleans P itts burgh P ortland Sacramento san Diego San Jose St. louis Los Angeles Baltimore Cleveland Boston Phil adelphia San Fran<:isco New York New Jersey I Ligh t Rail liliJ Heavy Rai l Commuter Rail I 269

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Ught Rail Percent Share of Tota l Annual Unlinked Passenger Trips, 1994 Sacramento Boston Buffalo San Diego St. loui s San Jose Portland Philadelphia Galveston Pittsburgh New Orleans San Francisco Clevel and Baltimore Memph i s Los Angeles Denver New YorkNew Jersey I Light Rail 1. !.1 Motor Bus Other Rail Other 270

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light Rail Percent Share of Total Annual Passenger Miles, 1994 Sacramento San Diego Buffalo St.louis Philadelphia Portland Boston San Jose Pittsburgh Baltimore Cleveland Galveston New O r l eans San Francisco Los Angeles Denver Memphis New YorkNew Jersey l Light Rail II8J Motor Bus Other Rai l Other 271

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He avy Rail Percent Share of Total Unlinked Passenger Tri ps, 1994 N ew York New Jersey A t l a nt a Wash i ng t o n D C Boston Philad e l p hia C hicag o San F r a n dsco Clevel and M i am i Balti m ore Los Angeles I H eavy Rai l [!] Motor B u s Other Rai l Other Commuter Rail Percent Share of Total Unlinked Pas senger Trips, 1994 Wash i n gton D.C. C hicago New Yo r k New Jersey Philad elphia Boston New Haven san Francisco Los A n ge les Commut er R a i l l!.'
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Heavy Rail Percent Share of Total Annual Passenger Miles, 1994 Atlanta Washington D.C. S a n Francisco N ew York N e w Je,.e y Bosto n P h iladelp h i a Chicago Miami Cleveland Balt i more Los Angeles 0 40 .. I Heavy R a i l Motor Bus Other Rail O the r 100 Commuter Rail Percent Share of Total Annual Passenger Miles, 1994 C h icago New YorkNew Jersey Boston Philad elphia M i ami Wash i ngt on D C Cleveland New Haven San Francisco Los A n ge les Commuter Rail Motor Bus 273 Rail Other

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Annual Per Capita Transit Trips by Urbanized Area Population Bosto n New York-New Jersey Washington D.C. Philadelphia San Francisco Atlanta Chicago Miami Baltimore Buffalo Portland New Orleans Cleveland San Diego Sacramento Pittsburgh San Jose St. Louis Galveston I'"' Johnstown Los Angeles Chattanooga Seattle Detroit Denver '* New Have n Memphis Jacksonville Tampa Dallas L_ ________________________ __ ___ Denver data is a partial year from October throug h December. 274

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Annual Per Capita Transit Trip s by System Se rvice Area Population 1994 Det roit Now York New J ersey San F ranci sco Boston W ash ington D .C. C hicag o Atla n ta Philadelphia New Orleans Miami San Diego Portland Baltimore Cleveland Sacram ento Buffalo San J ose P itts burgh Seatt l e St. Louis Los Angeles Galveston Chattanooga Johnstown New Haven Memphis Den ve r Tampa Jacksonville Dallas L_ ____________________ __ Derwer data is a partial yo.ar from October through December 2 75

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Annual Per Capita Transit Trips by Urbanized Area Population Boston San Francisco Philadelphia B uffalo Portland New Orleans San Diego Light Rail Pittsburgh 1 San Jose 4.3 St. Louis 4 1 Baltimore 3.3 Cleveland 2.5 G a lveston 2 Los Angeles 1 Denver* o.s 7.2 7 8.3 6.3 10.4 8.8 Memphis -0.5 New Yo r k New Jersey __________________ New York-New Boston Was h ington D.C. Atlanta Philadelphia San Francisco Chicago M iam i Baltimore Cleveland Heavy Rail P-39. 1 Los Angeles'---------------------New York New Chicago Boston Philade lphia Washington D.C. San Francisco Miami New Haven Los Angeles Commuter Rail Denver data is a partial year from October t h rough December. 276

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Annual Per Capita T ransit Trips by System Service Area Population, 1994 San Francisco Boston New Orteans San Diego Philadelphi a Portland Sacramento Buffal o San Jose Pittsburgh St. Louis Cleveland Baltimore Galveston Los Ange les fv1emphis New York-New Jersey 2 1.3 3.s 3 3 5.4 5.2 Ught Rail 7.S 7 9.9 9 5 8.6 jll1.7 14. 6 1-52.0 De n ver !!::::...-----------------New Y ork New Jersey Washi ngton D C Boston San Francisco Atl a nta Chicago P h ilade l phia Miami Baltimore Cleveland .7 Los Angeles c:......------------------New York New Jersey Chicago Boston Philadelphia Washi ngton D.C. San Francisco New Haven M iami Los Ange l es Commuter Rail Denver data is a partial year from October throug h December. 277

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Annual Per Capita Transit Trips by Urbanized Area Population Phil a d elph i a San Fran cisco Buffalo M i ami New Orleans Cleveland Galveston Los Angeles Denver* Memphis New Haven Heavy Rail 141tl C ommute r Rail Rai l Denver data is a partial year from October through December. 278

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Ann u al Per Capita T r ansit Trips by S ystem Serv ic e Area Population 1 994 New York New Jersey Washin gton D.C. San francisco Atlanta Chicago Philadelphia Buffa l o S a n .... Gai'leston Los New Haven Memphis ,.._,,..., H e avy Rai l IIIII Com m ute r Rail Rail Den ver" Denver data is a partia l year f rom Octolr throug h De
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Annual Operating Expense per Unlinked Passenger Trip, 1994 Philadelphia New York. New Jersey Chicago Los Ange les Washington D.C. Miami New Haven San Francisco Boston Baltimore C levelan d P itts burgh Denver"' San Jose Detroit Jacksonville Memphis Galveston Sacramento Johnstown Portland Buffalo Chattanooga St. l ouis San Diego Atlanta Seattle New Orieans Tampa .. ., Dallas L--------------------- Denver data is a partial year from October through December. 282

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Annual Operating Expense per Unlinked Passenger Trip, 1994 Denver* Los Angeles P itt s b urgh San Jose Baltimore Cleveland Me mph i s Galveston Sacrame nto Portland San Francisco B uffa lo New Vorl<-New Jersey St. Lou i s San D iego Philadelphia Boston New Orleans New Yorl< New Jersey Los Angeles Philadelphia M iami Baltimore S.an frandsco Clevelan d Chi cago Washington D.C. Boston Atlanta Philadelphia New York New J ersey Los Angeles Chicago New Haven Washington D.C. Miami San Francisco Boston Ught Rail Commuter Rail Denver data Is a partial year from O<:tober through December. 283

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284

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Annual Operating Expense per Unlinked Passenger Tr ip, 1 994 Philadelphia New Yoflc. New Jersey Chicago Was h i ng ton D.C. Los Angeles Miami San Francisco Boston Denver* Pittsburgh Fz!Z12
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Annual Operating Expense per Vehicle Revenue Mile, 1994 Los Angeles New York-New Jersey Miami Philadelphia Chicago Chattanooga San Francisco Johnstown Denver Boston Pittsburgh Washington D .C. C leveland Baltimore Det roit B uffalo New Haven San Jose Memph i s Jacksonvi lie Portland Sacrame nto Seattle New Orleans St. Loui s San Diego Atlanta Tampa Dallas L----------------------- Denver data is a partial year from October through December. 286

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Annual Operating Expense per Vehicle Revenue Mile; 1994 Chicago Los Angeles New New Jersey Miami Washington D .C. San Francisco Boston Pittsburgh B uffalo Philadelphia New Haven f.mii!i!iiiii5ili0iiii!Oliliieiiil;13 . 16 Heavy Rail IIIII Commuter Rail Rail OE?nver data is a partial year f rom October through December. 287

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Annual Operating Expense per Vehicle Revenue Mile, 1994 (by Urbanized Area) Denver San Francisco Boston P ittsburgh Buffalo Los Angeles Philadelphi a Galveston San Jose Cleveland Memphi s Portland New YorkNew Jersey Sacramento Baltimore New Orlea n s St. Loui s San Diego Los Angeles York New Jersey Philadelphia Cleveland Boston Baltimore Ught Rail 3.75 Washington D .C. Chicago San Francisco Atlanta Chicago New York-New Jersey M iami Washingt o n D.C. Los Angeles Philadelphia New Haven San F ra n cisco Boston Commuter Rail Denver data is a partial year from October through December. 288

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Annual Operating Expense per Vehicle Revenue Mile, 1994 (by System Operator) Los .Angeles (PATH) YOlk Ne-N Jersey Clewland (SIRTOA) New York NE'N Jersey Boston Miami Washington D.C. (SEPTA) Philadelphia (r-."YCTA} New YOI"i< New Jersey Chicago (PATCO) Philadelphia San ffancisco Atlan ta (OCTA) Los Angeles (M ettolink) Los A ngeles (SfPTA) I'Nladelp.'li! (Metro N) York. N ew (VA) WasNngton D.C. (NJT) N ow Y oli:: New (C&NW) O>kago (BN) Cllkago Boston (PDO'l') Philadelphia (MARC) Washi ngto n D C Heavy Rail Commuter Rail Denver data is a partial year from October through December. 289

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Annual Operating Expense per Vehicle Revenue Hour, 1994 New York New Jersey Los Angeles Chicago Philadelphi a Washington D.C. M iami San Francisco Boston New Haven Denver Cleveland Baltimore Pittsburgh San Jose Detro it Buffalo Sacramento St. Louis Port land Jacksonville Chattanooga Atlanta San Diego Seattle New Orleans Memphi s Galveston Johnstown Tampa,.,, ... Dallas L --------------------" Denver da t a is a partial year from October through December 290

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Annual Operating Expense per Vehi cle Revenue Hour, 1994 Denver* Los Angeles Fittsburgh Boston C leveland San Jose San Francisco Buffal o Sacramento St. Louis Portland New YorkNew Jersey B attimore Philadelphia San Diego New Orleans Memphis Gal veston Los Angeles Cleveland Washi ngto n D.C Bosto n Sa n Francisco Chicago Philadelphia A t lanta Chicago New YorkNew Jersey Los Angeles Washington D.C. Philadelphia N ew Haven San Francisco M iami Boston Light Rail Rail Commuter Rail Denvor d&t & i s a partial }'ear from October thr04.19h December 2 9 1

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292

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Annua l Operating Expense p e r Vehicle Revenue Hour, 1994 C hicago New Yorl: New Jersey los Angeles Washington D.C. Philadelphi a New Haven Denver San Fran<:isco M iami C level a n d Pittsburgh Boston Baltimo r e Buffa l o San Jose Sacramento St. l ou i s Portl a n d Atlanta San Diego New Orleans Memphis Galveston ... ... ... I I o ... ...,. ... ,., 177 '" ... 1 I ,., I 79.72 ,., Heal/)' Rail 0 Commuler Rai l light Rail Denver data is a partial year f rom October through December. 293

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This terms were taken from the following reference sources: 1 AmeriCan Public Association, "1995 Fare Summary." October 1995. 2. American Public Transit Association, "1994-1995 Transit Fact Book." April, 1994. 3 N.D. Lea Transportation Research Corporation, "Dictionary of Public Transportation" First Edftlon. 1981. 4 Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, Urban Public Transportation Glossary." 1989. Active Fleet: The total number of transport vehicles or cars i n a system which are maintained on a regular basis in a state of readiness. Adult Fare: Basic full fare paid by one person for one public transportation ride excluding interchange and zone charges (if any). Annual Pass: Pass valid for one year Area-wide Service: A transit service which gives a reasonably uniform level of service throughout an area. Articulated Bus: An extra.Jong bus that has the rear portion flexible but permanently connected to the fO
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Bus: A rubber-tired vehicle intended fur roadWay operation and designed to carry approximately ten or more passengers A bus requires a center aisle and standing-height ceaing Propulsion may be by combustion engine or electric motor. Busway: A special roadway designed for exclusive or predominant use by buses in order to improve bus movement and passenger travel times; it may be constructed at, above, or below surface level and may be located in separate rights-of-way or withi n highway corridors. C..b Cars: 1,A rail car use a driver cab. 2.A passenger-carrying car used in push-pull service and fitted a cab on one end to be used to operate the train when locomotive is pushing. C..ble Car: A rail public transport vehicle operated i n mixed street traffic. individually-<:Ontrolled and propelled by moving cables located below the street surface and powered by engines o r motors at a central location, not on board the vehicle. Cash-only Vending Machines: Fare media vending machine that accepts only cash. Catenary System: The overhead wire (including the messenger, supports, and insulation) from which an electric car collects power through contact wrth a pantograph or trolley pole. Census Tract: As defined by the Bureau of the Census, a small sta ti s tica l subdivision of a country. Generally, tracts have stable boundaries and 2,500-8,000 residents. When census tracts are established, they are designed to be relatively homogeneous areas in population characteristics, economic status, and living conditions. Central Business District (CBD): As defined by the Bureau of the Census an area of high land valuation characterized by a high concentration of reta il businesse s, service businesses, offices, hotels, and th eaters as well as by a high traffic flow. A CBD follows census tract boundaries; that is, it consists of one or more whole census tracts. CBDs are identifled only in central cities of MSAs and other cities with populations of 50 ,000 or more. Central City: As defined by the Bureau of the Censu s the largest city, or one of the largest cities, i n a metropolitan statistical area or urbanized area. The criteria for designating a central city vary with the type of area and the particula r census. Central Maltenance Facility: The main maintenance of public transport systems with more than one maintenance Change Making Machine: Vending-type mach ine that makes change for paper currency or larger-value coins. Does not Include hand-operated lever-action coin dispensers. Coin Sorter: Coin sorting/tabulating machine. Commuter: A person traveling between home and fixed work or school location Commuter Rail Car: A rail car used i n commuter se(Vice Commuter Rail System: The portion of passenger railWay operations that carries passengers within suburban and urban areas but differs from rail rapid tranM in that the passenger cars are heaveir, the average trip lengths are longer, and the operations are generally run by main line railWays as part of the i r overall service. Commuter Train: A passenger carrying train, normally of self propelled multiple-unit electrical or diesel 296

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locomotive hauled, designed to operate in commuter service on railways fomning part of the general railway system. Computerized Stored-value Card: A single piece of pa per cardboard or some other material without a magnetic strip but with a small computer chip good for one or more trips that is usually not surrendered but altered by machine removal of some or all of the stored value as each trip is taken. Corridor: A geographical area comprising a broad band following a general d irectional flow connectin g major sources of traffic; a corridor may have several alternative routes within it. Cost-benefit A.nalysis: An analysis of the costs and benefits associated with two or more alternative courses of action; the costs and benefits are usually related in the fonn of a cost-benefit ratio or rate of return. Credit Card Vending Machine : Fare media vending machine that accepts automated teller mach i ne (ATM) cards or credit cards. It may a lso accept cash. Daily Pass: Pass valid for one day. Similar passes may be issued for several days on end. Demand Responsive: A method for dispatching vehicles I n response to passenger requests for service Demand Mode: As distinct from the scheduled mode, i n the demand mode the passenger selects his destination station at the station of origin, and a vehicle will be provided to h im in accordance with each request. Destination: The point at which a trip terminales or the zone in which a tri p ends. Dial-a-bus: A demand-responsive system providing radio-controlled disPatched door or point service. The vehicle is usually summoned by phone and routed by computer or manual means to respond to a number of calls; it may also operale on a fixed ro ute with the diVersions to pick u p passengers upon telephoned requests. D iese l-electric Locomotive: A locomotive that uses one or more diesel engines to drive electric generators which in turns supply electric motors geared to the driving axles. Discount Fare: Special fare, deviating from the regular fare stnJcture, often offered to special groups, at certain time periods, for defined areas for special events, and promotiona l purposes, etc. Double Deck: A vehicle that has two level, one over the other, connected by one or two stairways, often called bi-level. Double-track: A l ine that has two tracks pemnitting trains to move in opposite directions at the same time, one on each track. Downtown People Mover (DPM): An automated guideway transport system installed in a cenlral business district Dual-mode: A transport system In which in one mode the vehicle operates under manual contro l and in the second mode it operates under automalic or partly automatic control Dual-mode bus : A bus designed to operate both on city streets and on rails or other fixed guideways. Dual-powered Locomotive: A locomotive that is capable of both diesel and electric operation. 297

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Dual11ower System: A propulsion system capable of operating from two different types of power source, for example, internal combustion engine or electric motor, gas turbine or electricity from th i rd rail, overhead electricity or from third rail. Elderly: Generally persons sixty-five years old or older Electrified: Transport systems utilizing electric propulsion with power picked u p from a wayside power ra il or overhead contact wire. Electronic Farebo.x: Farebox using electronic technology usually accepting coins, bills tokens or magnetic farecards, often records n umbers and types of fares Electronic Turnstile: turnstile or faregate using electronic technology Exclusive Right-of-way: A transport route, lane or other facility that is wholly segregated or access controlled and is used only by a particular transport system or specific vehi cles at all times Facilities: The physical structures, equipment and installations w hic h enable a transport system to be operated Fare: The required payment for a ride on a passenger vehicle wether in the form of cash token, transfer or other authority. The cash payment to be made to use public transport system. Fare Box: A device that accepts and in some cases registers money and tokens used by passengers as payment for rides. Fare Collection: The activities necessary to estab5sh. collect, and collection of the revenue rece ived for public transport services. Fare Recovery Ratio: The ratio of fare revenue t o operating expenses. Fare Validation Machine: Machine that validates a pass, card or ticket by a time/date-stamp or some other means or issues a receipt. Fixed Fare: Flat fare system discounts. Fixed Guideway Syatem: A public transport system in which vehicles ru n on a fixed roadway which provides guidance and vehicles cannot operate off the guideway Fixed Route: An unvaried path to which a public tra ns port vehicle is assigned and over which it is operated. Flat Fare: A fare structure in which there is only one cost for a trip, regardless of length Interchanges and transfers may or may not be free. Fleet: The total number of public transport vehicles or cars in a transport system used to provide public service, including spares. Gauge of Track: On rail ways, the clear distance between the Inner sides of the rails, i.e., the distance between the gauge lines measured at right angles thereto. On rubber-tired vehicle systems the distance between center lines of double tires on an axle Grade: The ratio of rise, or all, of the gradient l ine to its length, often expressed in percent. 298

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Grade Crossing: A crossing Intersection of highways, railroad tracks, other guideways, or pedestrian walks, or combinations of these at the same level or grade. Guideway: The surface or track, and the supporting structure, in or on which vehicles travel and which provides lateral control. Han d ic apped: Persons who, because of some l)'pe of physical, mental or emotional disability, are unable without special facilities to utilize public transport as effectively as persons not so affected. Head End: The beginning or forward portion of any train. Headway: The time interval between the passing of the front ends of successive transi t units (vehicles or trains) moving along the same lane or track (or other guideways) in the same direction, usually expressed in minutes. Heavy RaU: An electric railway with the capacity for a heavy volume of traffic and characterized by exclusive right-of-way multi-car trains, high speed and rapid aoceleration, sophisticated signaling, and high platform loading. Also knowon as rail rapid transit, heavy rail transit, rapid rail subway, elevated (railway), or metropolitan railway (metro). High Speed Rail: A rail transportation system with exclusive right-of-way which serves densely traveled corridors at speeds of 125 miles per hour and greater Incline: A section of railway on which vehicles are propelled by special means over heavily inclined tracks; e.g. by a hoist propelling a single car with or without counter-weights, or two cars i n balance as in a funicular railway Inc lined Plane: A railway operating over exclusive right-of-way on steep grades with unpowened vehicles propelled by moving cables attached to the vehicles and powered by engines or motors at a central location not on board the vehicle Inductive Loop: A high frequency signal line, installed between the rails in overlapping loops, and used in Automatic Train Control systems for signal transmissions between vehicles/trains and wayside control. lntennodal: Those issues or ac!ivities which involve or affect more than one mode of transportation, including transportatio n connections, choices, cooperation and coordination of various modes. Also Known as multimodal. Jitney: Public transport on a non-exclusive basis, provided In a vehicle that is licensed to render at a fixed rate or fare for each passenger on a fixed route along a public way from which it may deviate from time to time in response to a demand for serviceor to take a passenger to his or her destination, thereafter returning to its route. Kiss and Ride: An acoess mode to transit whereby passengers (usuaUy commuters) are driven to a transtt stop and left to board a transit unit and then met after their return trip. Transit stations usually provide a designated area for dropping off and picking up such passengers. Level of Service: Interrelated characteristics that indicate the quantity and quality of transport service, including characteristics ihat are quantifiable (travel time, travel cost, number of transfers) and those that are difficult to quantifY (comfort, attractiveness of sefvice) Light Rail Rapid Transit: Light rail system that operates pnedominantly on its own exclusive right-of-way, generally with high and low level loading provisions. 299

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Light Rail Transit: An urban lnlnsport system that uses electrically powered rail cars operating singly or i n short trains on fixed duo-rallllnes. It may be, but is generally not, separated from others systems and road traffic, and has usually low or medium height platforms at the stops Linear Induction Motor: Asynchronous linear aHering-current motor in Which the primary windings (generally on the vehicle) induoe a current in a reaction ra il {generally on the guideway) to produce opposing magnetic fields that propel the vehicle The primary windings are sometimes refelred to as the active elements and the reaction rail as the passive element Locomotive: A self-prope l led vehicle runi'Ong on rails and generating or converting energy Into motion 1 the purposes of hauling rail cars. It has itself no space for pa. ssengers Loop: A public transport route or guideway layout Which Is of a closed continuous form s uch as a circle or approximate rectangle. Magnetic Card Coder: Magnetic cal'(l encoding machine Magnetic Card Reader: Magnetic card reading/tabulating machine usu ally in finance or treasury offices Magnetic stored-value Card: A single piece of paper, cardboard or some other materia l wfth a magnetic strip good for a rrmited number of flips that is altered by machine removal of some or a l of the stored value as each trip is take n Magnetic Stored-time Card: A single piece of paper cardboard, or some other material with a magnetic strip good for a unlimited number of trips during a specified time period that Is not surrendered or altered as each flip Is taken Maintenance: All activities necessary to keep an item of equipment or an installation in or restore n to an operational ooodition All maintenance activities may be classified as scheduled {preventive) or unscheduled {corrective). Maintenance Facility: A facility for the conduct of inspections as well as of scheduled and unsched u l ed maintenance. Mau Transit Another name for public lnlnsportation. Mechanical Farebox: Farebox not using electronic technology but collects coins tokens, bills and stores them in a locked vault Mechanical Turnstile: turnstile or faregate not using electronic technology. Metro: Rail rapid transit (RRT) Mode: 1 -A particula r fm or method of lnlvel, for example ear, bus, rail. or wall
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Motor Bus (MB): A bus powered by a combustion engine. Multifare Ticket: A transport ticket which is valid for a number of trips. Narrow Gauge: A ra i l track gauge that is less than 4ft 8.5 in (1.435 m) wide. Network Miles: The to!al number of miles of l ine (singl e or mult i ple track are counted the same) included i n a fixed route system network . exclusive of yard tracks, sidings, tai l tracks etc. Non-Fixed Route: Service not provided on a repetitive, fixed-schedule basis a long a specific route to specific locations. Demand response is the only non-fixed-route mode. Non-magnetic Mu ltiride Tear-off Ticket: One perforate or several pieces of paper, cardboard, or some other mate1ial without a magnetic stlip good for more than one trip on which portion is delached and as each trip Is ta ken. Non -magnetic Multi-ride Punch Card: A s ingle piece of paper, cardboard, or some other mate r ial w i thout a magnetic strip good for more than one trip on which a hol e is punched or marked off, but which is no t surrendered, as each trip is taken. Non-magnetic Mu l ti-ride Pass: A single piece of paper, cardboard, or some other material without a magnetic strip good for an unlimited numbers o f trips during a specific time period that is not surrendered or attered as each trip is taken No n -magnetic Single-ride Ticket : A single piece o f paper, cardboard, or some other material without a magnetic strip good for a single trip !hat may wholly o r partially surrendered the trip is take n A multi-ride tear off ticket can be disassembled and converted to a number of single-ride tickets that are sold separately. Off Peak: The pe1iods of time outside the peak periods. Operat in g Assistance: Financial assistance for transit operations (not capital expenditur es). Such aid may originate with federal, local. or state governments. Operating Costs: The sum of all recurring costs (e .g., labor, fuel) t hat can be assoc i ated with the operation and maintenance of the system during the period under consideration. Operating costs usuall y exclude such fixed costs as depreciation on plant and equipment, interest paid for loans on capital equipment, and property taxes on items. OperaUng Employees: 1. Empl oyees whose major function Is operating the service, such as station employees, switchmen, bus drivers, trai n operators, conductors 2 .-ln rail operations those employees that have direct and supervisory responsibility for the movement of units (car or t r ains) embodyi ng both on-board and wayside duties. Operating Ratio: The ratio to operating expenses to operating revenues; the Inverse of cost recovery ratio. It is used as a measure of financial efficiency Operating Reven ue: The Income from fares of regular public transport operation. Overhead Contact Wi re System: Catenary system. Park-and-riide: To drive a private car to parking area at stop or station, park i t and transfer to the public transport se!Vice. 301

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Parking Facility: An area which may be enclosed or open, attended or unattended, in which automobiles may be left, with or without payment of a fee, while the occupants of the automobiles are using other facilities or services. Pass: A means of public transport fare usually in the form of a card that carries some identification, which is displayed to the driver or conductor in lieu of paying a cash fare. in time of use: e.g.: one day, three day, one week and monthly. Passenger: A person who travels on a public transport vehicle and who is neither the driver nor a member of the vehicle crew. Passenger Mile: The transportation of one passenger a distance of 1 mi (km). Passenger Miles: The total number of miles trave led by passengers on transit vehicles; determ i ned by multiplying th e number of unlinked passenger trips times the average length of their trips. Passenger Miles per Train Mile: The number of passenger miles accomplished by a given train mile. The measure is the equivalent load factor for buses, boats, or aircraft, but also adjusts for distort i ons introduced as cars are added to trains. Passenger Trip: One trip made by one person Peak Hour: That hour during which the maximum amount of travel occurs ; be specified as the morning peak hour, or afternoon/evening peak hour, o r both combined People Mover: A transport system exclusively for moving people (for example, a moving walkway, free vehicle, or automated guideway transit system) that provides a shorthaul collection and distribution service, usua lly in a major center. Person Trip: A trip made by a person by any mode or combination of modes for any purpose. Platform: That portion o f a station directly adjacent to the track or roadway at which vehicles or trains stop to load and unload passengers. Power Supply: The supply of power from the generating station through to the train motors. Propulsion System: The total of the subsystems which together provide (and control) the propulsion of a conveyance. Pubrtc Transit: Services provide for the caniage of passengers and their incidental baggage and metropolitan areas, usually on a farepaying basis; the term is not applied to Intercity transport. Pull-out Time: 1.-ln transit operations, the scheduled time at which the transa u na leaves the yard or garage. 2.-ln some transit operations, the deadhead time assigned to move a transa una (vehicle or train) from the storage area to its first scheduled stop. Push-pull Train: A locomotive and set of cars equipped one or more cab cars from which the locomotive can be controlled. The train is pulled and controlled from the locomotive in the conventional manner or p ushed by the locomotive and controlled from the leading car. Rail Transit: A rail system operated within urban areas to carry passengers al surface level or above or below ground; it i ncludes l ight rail a-and rail rapid transit systems but not main-line commuter operations or automated guideway transa systems 302

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Rail Rapid Transit System: A transit system that generally serves one urban a rea, using h igh-speed elecllically powered passenger rail cars operating in trains in exclusive right-of -way, without grade cross ings and with high platforms The tracks may be in underground tunnels, on elevated structures, i n open cuts, at surface level, or any combination thereof. Some local terms used for rail rapid transit are the e levated, the metro the metropolitan railway, the rapid, the subway, the underground. Railroad: The railroad consists of roadbed, rails sleepers, and s ignal and power insta llations, all Included in the cross-sectional envelope Railway: Transport system In which the vehicles are s u pported and guided on rails or cables. Revenue Passenger: A Passenger for whom a fare is collected Revenue Miles: M i les operated by vehicles available for passenger service. Revenue Passenger Trip: The number of fare-paying transit passengers with each person counted once per trip; excludes transfer and non-revenue trips .. Ridership: The number of rides taken by people using a public transportation system in a given time period. Right of Way: 1.-The strip of land reserved for a transport insta llation; the legal right of over land owned by somebody e lse. 2.The right of precedence in traffic. Rolling Stock: The transport vehicles in a public transport system Route: The geographical path followed by a vehicle or traveler from start to finish of a trip; several routes may traverse a single section of a road or l ine. Route Miles : The total number of miles of all routes, each measured from end to end, induded in a fixed route transit system networl<. Seating Capacity: The number of passenger seats available in a public transport vehicle. Service Area: The geographical area that a public transport system is considered to serve, normally based on acceptable walking distances from the stations or stops, for example, 1/4 mile. Short-haul Transit Service: Low-speed transit service for circulation within small areas that usually have high travel density, such as central business districts campuses, airports, exhibijion grounds, and other major activity centers. Shuttle Service: 1.Service provided by vehicles that travel back and forth over a particular route, especially a short one, or one that connects two transportation systems or centers. Or one that acts as a feeder to a longer route. 2 .For rail and other guideway systems, a service in which a single vehide or trai n operates on a short line, reversing direction at each terminaL Siding: A track adjacent to a main or secondary track, tor meeting, passing, or storing cars or trains System Service Area: The population served by a train system, often defined as living within a 114 or% mi l e from a bus, rail transit route, or within a linear distance from heavy ra11 or commuter rail stations. Standard Gauge: A rail track gauge that is 4ft 8.5 in (1.435 m) wide. Station: A point on a line, usually induding an enclosed building or covered area, that serves as a collection 303

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and distribution point for passengers Streetcar: An electrically powered rail car operated singly or short trains on fixed ralls i n mi xed traffic and mostly on city stree ts. Suburban Rail: Another name for commuter ra il. Third Rail: An i nsulated electric conductor rail located alongside the run ni ng rails, from which curren t is collected by means of a sliding contact mechanism attached to the bogie of electric cars. Token: A coin-like object, usually metal, that is normally good for one trip (or the base fare i n some systems). They are usually purchased in rolls of 10 or 20, or move, but may also be sold individually Total Passenger Miles: Sum of all single-vehicle trips by (1) (first ride) revenue passengers, (2) transfer passengers on second and successive ri des, and (3) non-revenue passengers entiUed to transportation without charge. Track: 1.-An assembly of rails, supporting ties and fastenings over which rai l vehicles travel. 2. A linear cam or way that physically guides( and usually supports) any matching vehicle used for transportation. 3.-The width of a wheeled vehicle from wheel to wheel, usually measured between the outsides of the rims. 4.-The dista nce between the centers of the tread of parallel wheels, as of an automobile. Track Miles: The sum of the one-way linear miles of all trackage in a system, including all main track and trackage i n yards, car barns, and turnouts Trackless Trolley: Another name lor trolleybus. Train: A formation of two or more cars combined i nto an operating unit. Train Revenue Mile: One or more light, heavy commute r or automated guideway cars coup l ed together operating as a unit, or train, traveling one mile. Tramway: Another name for light rail Trip: 1 A one-way movement of a person or vehicle between two points for a specific purpose ; sometimes called a one-way trip to distinguish rt form a round trip 2.-ln rail operations, a mechanical lever or block signal that. when i n the upright position, activates a train's emergency braking system. 3.-The movement of a unit i n one direction from the beginning of a route to the end of it Trolley: An electric power collector the function of which is to make contact wrth the trolley wire and transfer current from wire to the vehicle power system. Trolley Bus: An electrically powered rubber tire bus operating on City streets, obtaining electricity from trolley poles which contact the overhead power and ground wires Transfer: 1.-A change from one unit or mode to another unrt or mode. 2.-A slip of paper, card, or other i nstrument issued to passengers free or wrth a transfer fee) that gives the right to change from one transrt unrt or mode to another a ccording to certain rules that may limrt the direction of travel or the time i n which the change may be made. Transfer Issuer: Trans fer issuing machine. Turnstile: A rotating device that controls movement of people through a passenger or ticket gate as desired. 304

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Urbanized Area: A U S Bureau of Census-
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1 Adle r, Mi chael "Transtt Systems Worldwide.')http : //subway.k2nesott.comflransitmaps/index.html). n.d. 2. American Public Transit Association. "Transit Fare Summary." October 1995 3. American PubliC Transtt Association. "1994 Transtt Passenger Vehicle Fleet Inventory ." April 1994. 4 "Atlanta transl r )http://itsmarta.com/systemmap .htmiJ n.d. 5 Bushell Ch r is "Ja ne's Urba n Transport Systems 1993-94 ." Twelfth Edition. 6. Center for Urban Tra nsportation Research 1994 Tri-Rail On Board Survey Analysis." A report prepared for the Tri-County Commuter Rail Authority March 1995 7 Chicago Transif ) http : llwww .transitchicago comll-ma.p.htm) n.d 8. Detroit Transportation Corporation. "Detroit Downtown People Mover." n.d. 9. Metra." n.d 10. Metrorail.' station locations, Fare information. Metro-Dade Transit. n.d. 11. Mun i." )http://subway k2nesott.comltransttmaps/index html] n.d. 12. New Jersey Transil" )http://subway.k2nesolt.com/transttmaps/index.html]. n .d 13. NICTD" (http://www.nictd com/systemmap.html] n.d. 14. Otis Elevator Harbor Island People Mover "Shutt le Transit: Tampa, Florida n d 15. Pentrex. "1994 Light Rail Annual & Usef's Guide ." 1994 16 July 1995. 17. Transportation Research Board National Research Council. Seventh Nationa l Conference on Light Rail." Volume 1 Baltimore Maryland November. 1995. 18. U.S. Department of Tra n sportation, Federal Transit Administration. "Da ta Tables for the 1 994 National Transit Database Section 15 Report Year." December 1995. 19. U.S. Department of Transportation, Urban Mass Transportation Administration. "National Urban Mass Transportation Statistics 19 85 Section 15 Annu al Report." August. 1987. 20. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federa l Transit Administration. "Transit Profiles Agencies i n Urbanized Areas Exceeding 200,000 Population for the 1994 National Transit Database Section 15 Report Year." December, 1995. 21. U .S. Department of Transportation Federal Trans it Administration "Transit Profiles, Agencies in Urbanized Areas Under 200 000 Population for the 1994 National Transtt Database Section 15 Report Year ." December, 1995 22. U.S Department of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration, B u reau o f the Census. 1 990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics, Urbanized Areas." 306

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23. U .S. Department ofTransportation, Fedeml Transit Administration 'Trans it P ro files the Thirty Largest Agencies". 1995. 24. U.S. Census of Population and Housing, 1960 through 1990 Summary File 3C (STF 3C), United States Summary, Urbanized Areas and Their Components. 25 "VRE" [http:lwww. vre.org/gotrains). February 1996. 26 William D., Middleton. "North America Commuter Rai\1994." 1994. 307

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We w i sh to extend ou r sincere appre<:iation to the many trans i t agencies local governments, state depanments of transportation and their staffs who contributed in counrtess ways to maki n g this data boo k possible Thank you for send i ng us schedules maps, reports, tabula r data news i tems. newsletters; for respo n d i ng to our surveys and other information requests; for spending time with us i n phone i nterviews ; and for bei n g ki nd and generous hosts during site v i sits. Your professiona l a n d personal support has been invaluab l e 308