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Beyond the horizon


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Beyond the horizon proceedings of Symposium III on African-American Mobility Issues : April 14-16, 1996, Hyatt Regency Tampa
Physical Description:
University of South Florida -- Center for Urban Transportation Research
Conference of Minority Transportation Officials
United States -- Federal Highway Administration
United States -- Federal Transit Administration
Florida Transit Association
Women's Transportation Seminar
Symposium on African-American Mobility Issues, 1996
Center for Urban Transportation Research
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Local transit accessibility -- Congresses   ( lcsh )
African Americans -- Transportation -- Congresses   ( lcsh )


General Note:
"July 1996."
General Note:
Sponsored by Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR), Conference of Minority Transportation Officials, Federal Highway and Transit Administrations, Florida Transit Association, Women's Transportation Seminar.

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University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
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All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
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oclc - 38852839
usfldc doi - C01-00347
usfldc handle - c1.347
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Beyond the horizon :
b proceedings of Symposium III on African-American Mobility Issues : April 14-16, 1996, Hyatt Regency Tampa.
Tampa, Fla. :
Center for Urban Transportation Research,
"July 1996."
Sponsored by Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR), Conference of Minority Transportation Officials, Federal Highway and Transit Administrations, Florida Transit Association, Women's Transportation Seminar.
Local transit accessibility
v Congresses.
African Americans
x Transportation
University of South Florida.
Center for Urban Transportation Research.
Conference of Minority Transportation Officials.
United States.
Federal Highway Administration.
United States.
Federal Transit Administration.
Florida Transit Association.
Women's Transportation Seminar.
t Center for Urban Transportation Research Publications [USF].
4 856


IJe,yond the lnferim :R. pott on :Symp.Qs.fum 111 on Apr.il14 16 ,.1996 Hyatt Regency Tampa : >JU1 .199.6 . . y . . . : . : . clirR


CUTR Beyond tbe Horizon Interim Report on Symposium III on AFRICAN-AMERICAN MOBILITY April14 -16, 199& Hyatt Regency Tarnpa July 1996 Spcnsorrd by: Center f o r Urban Transportation Research (CUTR) Conference of Minority Transportation Officials F ed e ral Highway and Transit Administrations Fl orida Transit Association Women's Transportatio n Seminar


3 Table of Contents Fore w ord .............. ............. .... . ................. ........... ... 4 A cknowle dgments ............ ................. . . . .................... 5 Suu1.u 1ary ........... .... . ..... . .............. ...... . .......... ........ 7 Interi m Report ...... . .... ... ... .................. . ....... ............ 8 PROJECT OBJECTIVES ......... ................. ........ .............. 8 Task 1: Literature and R esource Searc h ... ....................... 8 T ask 2: Development o f Topics ... ..................... .. ....... 8 Task 3: Convening the Symposium ............................... 9 Task 4: Technology Transfer and E valuation ................... . 12 App endix A: Minutes of the Steering Comntittee Meetings . ... ........... ..... 1 4 September 21, 1995 Minutes ..... ...... .......... ................... 15 Oc t ober 27, 1995 Minutes ... ......... ............ . .. ...... .... 19 J anuary 26, 1996 Minutes ..... ............... ................. .. ... 23 Appendix B: Brochure and R e gistrati o n f o r m .................. ............. 27 Appendix C: 1996 African Ameri can Mob ili ty Iss ues Agenda ...... .............. 32 A ppendix D: Eva luation Respons es ................. .................... 37 Evaluation Exercis e Results ... ............... . ................... 38 E v alua lion Form Resp onses .................................. .... 45


Foreword African Americans com prise a significant portion of transit ridership; however, a comparable representation does not exist at the decision-making and planning l evels. Although significant improvements have occurred in recent years, the need to examine the issues and concerns of protected classes continues to exist The Center for Urba n T ransportation Research developed the African -America n Mobility Symposium to provide a forum to allow the exchange of ideas information, and for the discussio n of transportation planning, prog ramming, and poli cy i ssues as they r elate to the African Ame rican population The Center for U rban Transportation Research (CUTR), with the Florid a De partment ofTransport1tion convened its first national symposium on African-Ame ri ca n mobility issues in March 1994. In 1995, with the support of the Conference of Minority Transportation Officials and Federal Highway Administration, CUTR convened the secon d sympos ium. Building on the discussions and experiences from previous events, the third symposium continued the objective of inclusion of transportation issues as related t o the African-American community. The symposium h e ld particular significance in light of events in the transportation industry related to scheduled reauthorization of th e f ederal transportation bill and the 1995 case of Adnrnnd Co11structioll, Inc. v. Perin. T hese e vents w ere thought to hav e significant impacts on minority users of transportation syst ems, minority workers in the industry, and transportation business enterprise s. This interim report provides a summary of the activities undertaken by the Center fo r U rban Tra nsportation Research et alia to convene the third symposium on African American mobility issues. The proceedings of t he symposium will serve as the final report. The report also serves as the summary of activities undertaken as part of the Florida Board of Regents Fisca l Year 1996 Operating Funds for the Center for Urban Transportation Resear c h (also known as the "Base Funds"). The symposium has many s ponsors with varying funding periods; for the sake of clarity the general proj ec t period is July 1995 through Jun e "1996 --the state fiscal y ear.


5 Ac knowledgments The Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR), the University of South Florida (USF), and the Federal Highway and Transit Administrations, the Conference on Minority Transportation Officials (COMTO), the Florida Transit Association, and the Women's Transportation Seminar sponsored the 1996 symposium. The symposium team members were: D Michael Crittenden, Research Associate, CUTR Eric T. HilL Research Associate, CUTR Beverly G. Ward, Deputy Director, CUTR The following Steering Conunittee Members provided guidance and had an active role in making the symposium a success: The Honorable Arthur Kennedy, Co-Chairperson, Florida Transportation Commission Mr. Wade Lawson, Co-Chairperson, South Jersey Transportation Authority The Honorable James Hargt-ett, Past Co-Chairperson, Florida Senate Cec il W. Bond, Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportatio n Authority (SEPTA) Dr. Robert Bullard, Environmental Justice Resource Center Lee Davis, National Transportation Consortium of Minority Colleges Dr. Frank Enty, Conferenc e of Minority Transportation Officials (COMTO) Mr. Marion Hart, Florida Department of Transportation Gayle Holiday, Kansas City Area Transportation Authority The Honorable Gloria Jeff, Federal Highway Administration Joyce Johnson, North Carolina A & T State University Dr. Sylvan C. Joliboi s, Jr., Florida International University Bill McClo u d ATC/V ANCOM Deborah Price, Conference of Minority Transportation Officials (COMTO) Sharon Ransome Smith, Project ACTION Stephanie Nellons Robinson, Transportation Research Board Or. Rosa lyn Simon, Project ACTION Gwendolynmary Simpson, American Public Transit Association (APTA) Dr. Charles A. Wright, P.E., Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University .. Developing the synlposium required significant technical assistan ce from CUTR staff members, and local private and public m-vice provide rs, both during and afterwards. These individuals were:


6 Gar v Brosch, Di rector, CUTR S t e ve Polzin Deputy Dire

7 Summary In March 1994 the Cente r for Urban Transportation Research co nvened a symposium on Africa n-American mobility iss ues. African-American faculty members at CUTR acted as the principal investigators. Mor e than 60 participants attended the symposium and received a favorable rating. Participants stro ngly b elieve d that the sy mposhun should be repeated in 1995 and expanded to a two-day format. ln April1995, CUTR conven ed a second symposium for two days. The 1995 symposium was significant in that it featured the keynote addre$s by Mr. Gordon Linton, Administrator of the Federal Transit Administration and speeches by Mr. Rodney Slater, Administrator of the Federal Highway AdminJstr ation, and Florida State Senator James Hargrett. Pa nelists and attendees at the 1995 symposium gave the event a favorabl e rating again and pledged their support of future meetings. The 1996 symposium for built on the experiences and issues provided from the symposia convened in 1994 and 1995 and continued the discour se on the special transportation needs of the African-American community. It provided a forum for continuing the exchange of ideas, information, and for discussion of transportation plannJng, programming, and policy issues as they relate to the African-American population. Participants from inside and outside the field of transportation identified and -critical issues related to transportation and African-Americans. Additionally, participants had the opport:unJty to voice opinJons on the pertinent transportation issues, share though ts and conce rns, provide direction, and share scholarly pape rs and edito rial commentary Similar to previous years, the project was a collaborative effort Sponsors included the Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR), the University o f South Florida (USF), and the Federal Highwa y and Transit Admini strations, the Conferen ce on Minority Transportation Officials (COMTO), the Florida Transit Associatio n, and the Women's Transportation Sem inar A steering co mmittee, representing transp ortation and publi c officials, w as established to assist the project team in developing top ics, symposium format, and potential speakers. Other organizations inv ited to participate included the Minority Affairs Commi ttee (MAC) of the American Public Transit Association (APTA), T ransEd, INC., and the Hillsborough Area Regional Transit Agency (HARTline), National Forum for Black Public Administrators (NFBPA}, the Congressio nal Black Caucus, and the National Consortium of Minority Colle ges.


8 Beyond the Horizon Interim Report of Symposium Ill on AFRICAN-AMERICAN MOBILITY PROJECT OBJECTIV ES This project consisted of seve ral d elive rabl es including the conv e ning of the symposium and r e lated t ec hnology lTansfer a c tiviti es T h e purpose of th e proj ec t was to expand current efforts to disseminate state-of th e-art informatio n on transportati o n i ssues as related to minoriti es. T h e expected outcome was that atte ndees would h ave a better understanding of the transportation issues that confro nt th e AhicanAmerican com munity a nd perhaps, other minori ty communities. This unders tanding is h ope d t o lead to better plannin g and servic e deli ve ry not only for this group, but a lso the publi c. Som e e fficiencies and more effective use of scarce resou r ces also may accru e. The lessons l earned also may be transf e rable to other g roups. Beyond the t a rget audien ce and attend ees, seve ral activ i ties were used to disseminate informati o n from the symposium into practice. These activiti es ir\clude production o f conf e r e n ce proceedings and u se o f e lectronic media comm unications. E fforts to convene th e symposium and the techn o l ogy transfer activitie s are presented be low as 'vork tasks. Tas k 1 : Uterature a n d Resolll'('e Search CUTR conducted a sear c h of issue s that affect th e mobility of African-American s T h is e ffort assisted in deve lopm ent of symposium topi cs and e nhanced the unders tanding of t o pic ar e as propos e d by th e stee ring committee T h e search also helped s taff to identify possibl e attendees fa cilita tors, and presenters. A c all for paper s on Afri c an Americ an m o bility issues was adve rtised in publication s s u c h as the Community Trmrspcrtatiotl Reporter, Passerrger Transport, Public Administration Times, Tire Cable Jouma/, B lack Issues in Higlrer Educatio11, and Urbmr Trmrspcrt News. Tas k 2: Development of Topics Topics for th e symposium were prepared from i ss u es identified by the project team and stee ring commi ttee. Three one-day workshops for s teeri n g committee m e mb e rs were h e ld prior to the symposium. The objectives of th ese r.nee tings included ide ntifying and


... 9 develo ping t opics for th e sy mposium; recomm e ndin g potential speakers; and estab lishing a presentation format. M inute s of the three me etings are in Appendix A The firs t workshop was held on September 22, 1995 in conjuncti on with the 25th meeting of the Congr essiona l B la ck Caucus. Tentativ e dates, location, topics, speakers, and the format were estab lished at the initial meeting. Draft proposals for FTA, FHW A, and Project ACTION for additional funding also were presented. Staff were charged to proceed with securing a venue in Tampa_ developing topics, and soliciting additio n al funding. A second meeting was tentatively schedu led for October 27, 1995, i n Was hington, D. C. The second m eeting was held as schedul ed. T here was som e co ncern with the venue selec ted. Staff w e r e charged to select anoth e r loc ation Update s were provided on the proposals, t opics, and marketing. The committee members also assign ed themse lves to s ubcommittees to focus on various a rea s, includin g elected and appointed officials federal agenci es academia southeastern transportation programs marketin g transit/ intermodal properties the p1ivat e sec tor s cho l arships. The symposium format was finalized The agenda was devel oped to include general sessions for all participants and concurrent workshops on specific topics. A third meeting of the steering co mmittee was scheduled for January 11, 1996. The third and final meetin g for the 1996 symposium was postp oned due to inclement weather until January 26, 1996 Staff provided the members with a mock-up of the brochure for final mail-out. (Flyers and postcards were produced and mailed in Novem ber and Dec e mber 1995.) The steering committee provided addition al sugges tions to the agenda and top ics. The final brochure is includ e d in Appendix B Task 3: Convening the Symposium The symposium was convened April 14 throug h 16, 1996. The final agenda is included in Appendix C. As in previous years, procee dings of the symposium wi ll be produced and disbibu ted to attendees and mad e available to the public through the CUTR Resource and Information Center. The proc eedings will serve as the final report. Nearly 150 attend ees participated in the e v e nt. T he atten d ees repres ente d various l e vels of goverrunent, th e public and private sector, policymakers interest groups, and the


10 university community. T h e sess ions offered were informative and enlighte nin g to manv participants. The opening sess ion featured remark s from distinguished m embe -s of the Unive rsity of South Florida including Gary Brosch, Direc tor, CUTR; Dr. Micha e l Kovac, Dean, College of Engineering ; and Or. Kathy Stafford, Vice President Advancement and A lumni Affairs and The Honorable James Hargrett, Florida Senate. During the opening general session of the second day of the s ymposium, Sharon 0. Banks, General Manager, Alamed a-Contra Costa Transit District (AC Transit) led particip ants in a dream-relating exercise. Par ticipants were asked to share th e dreams of o thers that had helped th e m to achieve goals Ms. Banks also charged e ach participant to ... reach beyond your horizons" to achiev e personal and professional goals. Severa l pa11icipants alluded t o po11ions of Ms. B anks' charge reemphasizing the overall theme and objectives o f the symposium. The highlight of th e sy mposium was the riv e ting and inspirational keynote address b y The Honorable Alcee L. Hastings, Congress of the United States House of Represe ntati ves, 23rd District Florida. Excerpts fr o m Congressman Hastings' address are presented below. "In th e era of downsizing, o utsourcing, and re-inventing, what we want to know here is how minorities in order t o avoid retrogression to the point of oblivion and ignominious defeat must seek better formula e in a mathematical nonlin ear regression-based allo ca tion model to deal with intermodal bias and n e glect." In o ther words, in order to keep from g e tting mistreated, "we need money . "The Center for Urban Transportation Research is critical for the future, not only of African Americans, but for all of us. Last year's report needs to be widely publicized. The research and funding attitudes of the Republican majority are totally out of reason. Many national and stat e policy make. rs are n o t as mindful about the issues that affect ITansportati o n as you may think. .. "You should always be looking for effic iencies and that's why CUT R is particularly important because they are good at coming up with creative and innovativ e ways in order that you may do the things in the communities to provide for the transportation depende nt. .. "At least one-half of the transportation dependent are minori tie s ... Transportation se. rvices should focus on c ustomer service. The bus rid e can be fun and educa ti onal. Traniit services ca n offer music -rap music for school kids; classica l music for those who live in the classical' suburbs, and some jazz or blues wherever you find me! The bus ride could also include access to cellular phones and games --We're scratching off everything else in Florida, why not l e t someone scratch a free ride for a week or a month?


' ' -;,; ..:!... >,-{ :.> "There is nothing wrong with raising taxes as long as you raise taxes in a proper manner to pay for transportation ... "You would argue that poor people don't need these amenities. Poor people need the same things that rich people need. Black people need the same things that white people need. Hispanic people need the same things that white people need! "A survey of the working poor revealed ... 67% stated that there were places they wanted to go, but could not Those who need the most help can't get it because of the mobility issue. 0 0 "In regard to affirmative action, there are three cases that need to be cited : Richmond v. Croson, Adarand v. Pe.i\a, and Hopwood v. The University of Texas. America is an increasing l y diverse society. In the last 30 years, we have done a good job, but we have not arrived. We may not ever, but we should always have it as a goal. We must avoid retrenchment by society. [Regarding angry white males] "In 1994, of the contracts awarded in Broward and Palm Beach Counties (Florida), 'i17 and 95 percents, respectively, went to white males. White women contractors comprise 75 percent of the remainder. If white males are angry, black males should be raving lunati cs! "Beyond the horizon. .. We know that there is a future. We know that there is an unknown. We know that organizations like CUTR are trying to peep into that future and prepare and plan for it ... "Transportation has to do with our interconnectedness. We need to get back to our spiritual interconnectedness. Additionally, many of those living in the suburbs, "The Black Forest/' lose the connection with those that support their jobs. We need to have more involvement in the community and decisions concerning policymakers." II Presen t at the symposium were student representatives from Bethune-Cookman College, Florida A&M University, South Carolina State University, and the University of South Florida. Several industry professionals were pleased by the student participation during the conference. The consensus was for more student participation, particularly minority students, in future symposiums. Suggestions to encourage more student involvement included presenting information on the research conducted at historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs); providing a session geared directly toward college students; and extending invitations to local high school and junior college students. In addition, the Interim Executive Director of COMTO and an avid supporter of the symposium since its inception, Dr. Frank Enty, solicited membership in the COMTO national chapter and encouraged the formation of a chapter in the Tampa Bay region The 1996 African-American Mohility Symposium the objective to continue the discourse on the special transportation needs in the African-American community by


12 building upon the experiences and issues provided from past symposiums convened in 1994 and 1995 The national significance of the project is its relevance to the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of1991 (ISTEA) citizens participation mandate and the renewed federal effort to address environmental equity issues. The symposium was significant at the local level in that it provides the opportunity for participants to exchange information and ideas with a broad range of transportation professionals. The 19-member steering committee, comprising government and elected officials, transit officials, and academicians, aided the CUTR project team in convening a successful and productive symposium. Task4: Technology Transfer and Evaluation Technology Tra11sjer The project team provided press releases and articles to the University of South Florida Office of Public Affairs and trade journals, as noted above. A radio interview also was aired on WTMP 1180 AM, Tampa, to promote the symposium and its findings. Electronic media were used to record portions of the symposium. Twenty video copies of the keynote speech provided by Congressman Alcee L. Hastings were produced and distributed Efforts have been made to televise the video on local public access stations. This includes the USF public broadcast station, the Tampa Educ atio n Consortium, a nd public access stations in the Tampa Bay region. The audience for the video will include local residents concerned about transportation and minorities. A copy of the video has been provided to C-Span for further dissemination of the symposium beyond the local audien ce. CUTR is designing an African-American Mobility Symposium Homepage on the Internet as a resource for researchers, planners, policymakers, and the public on issues of transportation and the African-American community. This website will include information from the 1994, 1995, and 1996 symposiums and provide links to related websites. The webiste is scheduled to be posted with the revised CUTR Homepage. The project's final report will include the proceedings along with administrative information and evaluation of the symposium. The project team continues to assess the need for the symposium and refine the venue. The final report wiU provide that assessment and provide recommendations for subsequent actions EvalWitiotl The closing session i ncluded an evaluation exercise conducted by Gere Timberlake Anderson, President of TransEd, Inc. During this session, Ms. Anderson directed the participants to assess the activities of the symposium based on the following criteria:


13 lessons learned, applications, reconfmendations, and next symposium. The exercise conunents are included in Appen dix D. Each registration package contained an e valuati on form. Attendees w ere reminded at eac h session t o compl e t e and return the forms at their convenience Evalua tio n forms were collect ed throughout th e symposium in order t o secure comments from attendees tha t were not present for the full l ength. This information was analyze d to determin e the need for future symposia or conferences of this nature and to obtain suggestions for possible topic areas. The responses from the evaluatio n fonns also are provided in Appendix D.


14 ....... App endix A Minutes of th e Stee ring Comm ittee Meetings


1996 Af'rican-A m e ri ca n Mobility Symposium S teerin g C o mmittee Worksho p Sept em ber 21, 1995 Minutes 15 Att-endan ce: Bill McOoud, ATC/VANCOM; Ercelle Ridley, COMTO; Dr. Frank Enty, Mass Transit Adminisb ation of Mary l and/COMT O; Sharo n R a nsome Smith, Project ACTION; W ad e Lawson, S outh Je rsey Transportation Authority/ Co -Chair; Tony a Hepburn, ClJfR; Efrain Areizaga, CUTR; Gwendolynmary Simpson, APTA; Gayle Holliday, Kansas Oty Area Transportation Authority; Eric Hill, CUTR ; Horace McCarter, Jr., ATCfVANCOM I. INTRODUCTIONS The workshop was call to order by E. Hill. This was followed by introductions fro m Steering Committee members a n d participants. II. O VERVIEW OF AA M S E. Hill provided a brief overview of the history of AAMS. The symposium was developed in 1993 by three African American researchers at CUTR. The goal was to establish a forum to identify and discuss critical issues related to transportation and African-Americans. The first symposium was convened in March 1994. !twas repeated in Apri11995 and expanded to a two-day formal The 1995 symposium iocluded speeches by Mr. Gordon Linton, Administrator of the Federal Transit Administration; Mr. Rodney Slater, Admi ni strator of the Federal Highway Administration; and State Senator James Hargrett. E Hill also indicated tha t this workshop is a s i gni fica n t mileston e in AAMS history N o t only is it th e first meetin g of the Stee ring Commi tt ee, but it provides the greatest opportunity, yet. for the projec t team and the Stee ring Committee to work t oge ther in developing and convening the symposium. W. Lawson stated that as a participant in the "1995 event, he was impressed by the efforts of the project team to convene the symposium. He also expressed hi s commitment to making this the premier event for African-Americans and other minorities in the transpo(tation industry Sim ilar comme n ts were made. by other committee members and participants.


Ill. P L.-'.:\5 FOR 1 996 I S The Committee that the 1996 .-'.AI\15 s hould be convened during th e spri ng. Before deciding 011 the date. the commi ttee d isc u s sed possible confli c t s with other meetings or confe r e nces scheduled in th e s pring E. Hill said that the 1995 event was scheduled t o co incide with th e N ational Forum for Bla c k Public Administrators confe ren c e in Tampa He ls o s uggested a similar strate gy for 1996 since the Plannin g .'\ssocidtion (APA) is having its annual meeting in Orlando, F lorid a, during the t h ird week of April. Dr. Enty said hi s experi e n ce with c ombining meetings has 11ot been e ff ective, becd use it k eeps you away fTom your office for too l o n g and conferees are typicdlly tired after the second or third day of a confere11ce. Notwithstanding the APA meeting in April. the Committee concluded that convening the AAMS during the last week of March o r the second week of April w ould not conflict with any APT A federal, or othe r important transportation meetings. Additionally, the committee agreed to beg i n the 1996 symposium Friday and end Saturday, whic h will allow participants to take advantage of week end dirfares and hotel rates. It also minimizes any int e rferenc e with the normal work week. The Committee charged E. Hill with choosing the \Veek for th e symposium. Lo ca tion There were sev e ral l oc ations proposed for convening the 199 6 AAMS, including Atlanta, Orlando M iami and Washingto n D.C .. However, the Committee agreed to keep the s ymposium in Tampa. E Hill said that moving the location of the symposium creates some problem with l o gisti c s for the pro ject team, e.g. having a contact person in the host city that can coordinat e all of the activities for the symposium E. Rid ley said !h a t the event i s still t:oo new in the i ndustry and needs to becom e more estab l ished nationall y before mov ing to anotl1e r locati o n o r la rger ci ty. The focus of th e symposium should be on attra cting minorities from the s outheastern U S ., but include national speake r s and panelists on the agenda. Topics The folloWing topics were mentioned as possible agenda items for the 1996 AAMS, but do not preclude other issues and topics lhat may develop before the symposium is convened. Environm enta l j u stice and transportatio n Equability of funding cuts in transportation


. .. 1 7 Fundi n g of tra ns p o rtation and socia l s e rv i ce program Shifting o f transportation programs and policies from the f e d e r a l level to state l e v e l Community invo l vement in tr a n spo r tation p l anning Par a transit service in mino rity communities R ole o f a c ademia: HBCU parti c ipati o n in tr a nsportation r esearc h and planning Pending l e gislation : loca l and national Impacts of technol ogy on tra nsportatio n i n minority communities Declini n g status o f minorities in t r anspor tation Sensibilitie s to w ard minorities in tr anspo rtation and dive rsity in th e i ndustry Changi n g affirmative action progr a m s and policies Beyond Adar and and Croson: fu ture o f MBEs in tran s p or t ati o n and minority c ontracti n g opportuni ties Imp r oving the quality of tr ansportation prog1 ams f o r m inoritie s Data co ll ectio n and research n eeds Empowerment and enterprise zon es American s w ith Disab ility Act (ADA) Oean Air Act Amendme nts (CAAA) i m p acts o n minority communities Spe akers Recomm endations on possibl e speake r s, facili tators and paneli sts w ill be submitted by t h e S t ee ring Committee and proj ect tea m as the symposium is d evelop e d. E Hill urged participants to submit names of individua l s tha t would serve as facilitators or speak ers t o him whe n possible. This will be a critical tas k in th e project Format Unlik e p r e vious s ymposiums, which i ncluded sessions on specific to p ics and speakers, th e S t ee ring Commi ttee s u gges ted that a format that included polic y o r strategy worksho p s o r focu s g roups would b e m or e e ffec tive. A po ssible format o f the sympo s iu m woul d include a central t h em e, thre e to f our general ca t e gories o n issues aff ec ting mob ili ty in minority c ommunitie s and workshops on specific top ics. The worksh o p s would include a f acilitato r and p anelists representing a nation al regi onaL and l ocal p erspectiv e on a worksh o p topic. A manual whic h gives a descriptio n o f the worksh ops, and abstract fro m eac h pane list on their v ie wpoint o f the workshop topic, should be produced to aid i n discussion a n d interac tion between parti c ipants i n t he worksh o p s


18 In addition to the db ov e planning ac tiv iti es, E. Hill shared his concerns a bou t attend ance at previous A.>\MS and that marketing will be a critical ele ment in the success o f the s y mposium. The S t ee ring Committee and participants agreed that promoting th e symposium early will help to build support and increase a ttendan ce W. La wson said that with a good marketing effort, it woul d be r eas onable to anticipate at le ast 200 250 parti cip ants a t the 1996 AAi\lS E. Hill presented a proposal that will b e submitted simultaneous l y to the FTA, FHWA, Project ACT ION, and Florida Department of T ransportation for additional f unding. The proposa l was rev iewed and comments provided by participants. An o ther S teering Committee meetin g is te ntativ ely scheduled for October 27 1995, at 1:00 p.m. This meeti ng w ill be held at the COMTO office, 777 N orth Capi tal St., N E Suite 305, Washington, D.C. The meeting was adjourned at l2:00 p m


. .. 1996 African-American Mobility Symposium Steering Comm i ttee Meeting October 27, 1995 Minutes 1 9 Attendance: Dr. Rosalyn Simon, Project AcriON; Cecil Bond Jr., SEPTA; Commissioner Arthur Kennedy, Florida Transportation Commissio n Co-Chair; Wade Lawson South Jersey Transportation Authority Co-Chair ; Dr. Charles Wright, FAMU; Bill McCloud, ATC/VANCOM; Lee Johnson, ATE Mana gement; Or. Sylvan Jolibois, FlU; Eric Hill, CUTR; Beverly Ward, CUTR. I. INTRODUCTIONS The meeting was called to order by W Lawson. This was followed by introdu c tions by the steering committee membets and participants. II. OVERVIEW OF SE PTEMBER COMMITTEE MEETING W. Lawson briefly reviewed U1e minutes from the las t meeting. No additions correctio ns, or questions were voiced concerning llie minutes. Ill.' PRO JECT REPORTS Accommodations B Ward reported on llie tentative with ihe Tampa Marriott Westshore Hotel beginning the afternoon of Thursday, Aprilll through the afternoon of Saturday, April 13. B. Ward will provide a listing of hotels within the vicinity for lodging. The committee expressed concerns with llie quality of the hotel due to problems incurred at the 1995 symposium. In keeping with the goals of lli e symposium to establish an image on a regional level and to attract a large sca l e of industry officials, the committee consensus was to choose an upscale location to satisfy both participa nts' lodging and the symposium workshop needs. The suggestions included Hyatt Regency Westshore, Guest Quarters Suites, Tampa Airport Marriott, and S heraton Grand Hotels. The committe e also suggested acquiring complimentary weekend packages from the hotel as incentives to participants. B. Ward reported the difficulty in securing a hotel for the dates the committee originally agreed upon (the last week of March or llie second week in April). The


20 co mmittee charged B. Ward with securing a diff e r ent l oca tion but decided to r e main with the origina l dates to avoid scheduling conflicts BudgeV Propos a l Update Or. Enty was responsible for restructuring the proposed budget and reporting to the com mittee. I n his absen ce, E. Hill briefly itemized the direct cost revenue requested fro m each of the funding agencies as listed in t he p r oposal. Du e t o the concern of t he Un i ve r si ty's la c k of contributio n toward the symposium, CUTR is asking th e University waive the indirect costs a nd possibly sponsor a fun c tion during the symposium. The c ommittee agreed to r eflect expenses as list e d in th e proposa l without id e nti fying e ach expense i ncurred during th e marketing stages of th e symposium E Hill proposed to sec ure corporate sponsor s within the business community and the private sector of T ampa to a lle via te the costs associated with th e meals during the symposium. W. L.1wson also suggested inc reasing the registration for one d a y attendance to $100.00 for individua ls and $50.00 for students. Topi cs W Lawson s u gges t e d ranking the topi cs l i ste d in the previou s minutes and d e ve loping a m ain t opic and five sub-topic s for th e breakou t groups of th e sympos ium from the rank. Or. Wright suggested includin g at leas t one sess ion geared toward s tudents. Or. Simon expressed a ma jor concern as to th e future of minorities in th e transit indu stry. She suggested incorporating minority tra i ning i n the symposiu m After an iro depth discussion, the consensus of the comm ittee was to focus on five major are a s: 1. Affirmative dction 2. Funding of transportation and soc i al se rvice program s, and community includirog pending legislati o n a nd its impac ts, strategi c planning, and c oalition building 3. ADA, including para transit serv ice a nd e ntrepreneurship 4. Academia, f oc u si ng on research impacts of technolog ical advances, and envi r onmental is s ues 5. A cademia, focu .sirog on education (HBCU), mentoring, training, and leadership development programs


Attendance / Marketing W. Lawson commented of the lack of l ocal and regional participation in the past symposiums. He suggested developin g an outreac h campaign involving academicians, the F l orida Transportation Asso cia tion various community or civic organization s, and telephone lllarketing. The committee suggested developing a letter of invitation from the comu1ittee members as a part of th e marketiog plan. The committee also suggested developing a flyer to announce the dates, l ocatio n, and scheduled events of the symposium. TI1e committee agreed the t e is a need to develop a detailed time line for the marketing and development of the symposium. Subcommittees: Commissione r Kennedy Politica l E. Hill -Federal Transit Association L. Davis, Dr. Wright, and Dr. Jolibois-Academia B. Ward-Southeastern Transportation Program Dr. Simon and D. PriceMarketing W. Lawson, L. Johnson, and C. Bond -Transit/Multimodal L. Johnson and B. McCloud Private sector W. LawsonScholarship Award Speakers/Facilitators Suggestions for keynote speakers included the Honorable Gordon Linton, the H onorable Rodney Slater, Congresswoman Corrine Brown, and Congressman Alcee L. Hastings. The committee suggested having four speakers per session, including a local, regional, and national representative and one student Format E. Hill commented on the reason s for alte ring the format of t he workshops to include open discussion and intera ction between the and the facilitators. The committee suggested participants identify their areas of interest during Ute r egistration p eriod. The co mmittee agreed to convene the symposium as follows: Dayl Registration Welcome Reception


22 Day 2 General (theme set ting) session Two concurrent breakout sess ions Session/ discussion on topics covered Luncheon w / keynote speaker Two con current breakout sessions Recap Reception Day 3 Concurrent breakout sessions Grant/ proposal writing, entrepreneurship/business opportunities Leadership/ mentoring forum Job fair Closing session Adjourn IV. COMMENTS/SUGGESTI O N S W Lawson suggested compiling a document summarizing the issues impacting the minority community and strategies to address these issues, then distributing the document throughout the community. C. Wright added this summary should display the benefits of the transit industry to the entir e community The committee agreed one important discussion i t em of the symposium is the development of opportunities for minorities within the transit industry. Dr. Wright expressed a concern fo r the involvement of students throughout the symposium. W. Lawson recommended displaying research projects/papers of minority students throughout the symposium. T he next Steering Committee meeting is tentative l y scheduled for January 11, 1996 at 1:00 p.m. during the Transportation R esearc h Boa r d Annual Conference. This meeting will be held at t he COMTO office in Washington, D.C.


1996 African-Ameri can Mobility Symposium Steering Committee Meeting January 26, 1996 Minutes 23 Atte ndanc e : Wade Lawson, South Jetsey Transportation Authority /Co-Chair; Cecil Bond Jr., SEPTA; Lee Davis, National Transportation Conso rti um; Dr hank Enty, Mass Transit: Gloria Jeff, FHW A; Lee Jolmson, ATE Management; Deborah Price, COMTO; Dr. Charles Wright, FAMU; S tephanie Nellons Robinson, TRB; Sharon Ransome Smith, Project ACTIO N ; Angelia Summons, Multi Consultants Associates; Eileen Payne, DDE Program, FHW A; Eric Hill, CUTR; and Beverly Ward, CUTR. I INTRODUCTIONS W. J ohnson opened the meeting and b riefly recapped the previous meetings. II. PROJECT STATUS P roposal s Eric Hill gave a recap of the status of the proposals. Gloria Jeff spoke briefly on FHW A's support. Sharon Ranso me Smith also spoke on Project ACTION s support. The r e have been strong indications from FT A regarding their support. III. CONVENING THE SYMPOSIUM Symposium Venue B. Wa r d c o nfirmed the Hyatt Regency Tampa as the site for the symposium. The dates have been set as April14 through 16, 1996. Agenda Angelia Summons spoke of her wo r k with staff to develop the agenda.


24 SU B C OMMITTE E R EPORTS Poli ti ca l : Commiss ioner Ken ned y was not prese nt. E. Hill spoke brief l y on the Co mmissio ner's efforts to work with local tran sit agencies, Florida Oeparhnent of Transpo rtation and other s tate and l ocal transportati on interes ts. Florida Transit Association : E. Hill provided an update on the contac t he had made with the ITA and their previous support of the symposium. Academia : L. Davis and Dr. W right discussed th e need to have s p ecific student activi ties Dr. W right i s responsib l e for p utting togeth e r a student poste r compe tition. So utheastern Transportation Program: B. Ward p rovided information on c ontact with t h e South eastern T ranspo rtatio n Center and tran spo rtation interests i n fed e r a l Region N Marketing : S. Ransom e S mith spoke earlier of Projec t ACTION's support and the s ubcontract with Multi Co n sultant Associates. Transit / multimodal: W. Lawson and L Johnson gave reports regarding the transit and intermodal contacts. W. Lawson stated that e a c h committee member should c all fri e n ds in the industry and encourage them t o attend the symposium. Private sector: L. Johnson and B. McCloud r e ported that they would seek private secto r sponsorship of breaks o r meals Sc holarship Award: W. Lawson as ked that eac h s t eering committ ee member contribute $50.00 tow ard a sc h o l a rship. G. J e ff advi sed that the Am erica n P l anning Association Minorit y Committee had funds availabl e for sc holarships and that W Lawson should address a letter to the chai rperson of th e co mmittee requestin g funding of the sc holarship I V. DI SCUSS ION/COMMENTS S pea k ers Invited keyn o t e spea k e rs include Co n gessrnan Alc ee L. Hasting s (F lorida); the Honorable Gordon Lint o n A dministrator (Fed e ral Tra nsit A dmini stration) ; and th e Hono rable Rodney S lat er, Administrator (Federal H ighway Administration). Angelia S ummons is working with sta ff to secure the s p e ak e r s S ugggsted Moderators Ger e Timberlake Anderson, Trans Ed, Inc. Beve rly Harper, Portfolio Associ ates, Inc Vale rie Simpson


Topics and Expe r ts/Facilitato r s A D A and paralra.nsit serv i ce and the o v errep r esent-41ion of African Americans a m ong p ers ons wit'h d isab ili tie s John Potts WMA T A Susan Schruth, FI A Roger Tate FIA Dr. Rosalyn Sim on, Project ACTION Peggy Shepherd Environmental justice, identifying adv erse health or environmental effec t s and m e ans of relief 0 0 0 Marilyn Ababio S unshine Environmental Se rvi c es Dr. Robert Bullard Environmental Justice R es ource Center Michelle Depa s s New York City Environ.r.nental Justice Alliance Representativ e J osephus Eggelletion. Jr. Florida Legislature Deehon Ferris, D C. Lawyers Committee Funding of transp orta tion, social setvice p rograms, and community d eve lopm ent, including pending leg i slation and its imp a cts 0 Glo .ria Jeff, FHW A 0 M i cha e l Townes P e ninsula Transportation District lntermodalism: the i.r.nposed m odal bias and d eve loping an e quitable modal split 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ez.e Butts A. Shawn Collins, Volus i a County MPO csx Paul Dra y t on, D e lawa r e River Po r t Aut hodly Mic hae l Huerta, USDOT Paul Toliver, Seattle Metro Rese arch and te chn ology, access to and the impa cts of advances 0 0 0 0 Dr. M. Ayele Morgan State University Lee D avis, ATE Dr. F r ank Enly, Mass T r a n s i t Dr. ilene Pay ne, DOE


26 Strat eg i c planning an d coalition building a c ro ss com munities. 0 Phil Adam s 0 Sharon Banks o Hank Dittmar, STPP 0 J ack i e Grinshaw, Neighborhood Tech o Margaret Pryor Frank White o S teve Blak e V. CLOSING REMARKS The Steering Committee will conduc t a conference call to finalize the list of confi rmed speakers.


2 7 Appe ndix B Brochure and R e gistratio n f orm


' 1JS&!iill9Et: 1:1 edwe1 :au.aN3:anueA'i;t : ep!:JOI J j Q ill!SJ6AIU0 . UO!I&IIodsue i ueqJ n.Joj J9IU&l . . the Horizon!'. A$yjnposium on LITY . Apri i tG, .Tampa Floi"ida Spo0s_o;ed !fy;: Urban P rojectACi'ION, Conference o i Minority Transportation Officials, .. Federal HighwaY: Admi n istration, FedaraiTransit Administration and Wo[llen's Transportat ion Seminar . . : . . .. . . . .


1996 AFRICAN-AI.t\ERicAt-( MOBILITY sYMPOSIUM STEEIUNG COMMITTU . .. A_rtllur K en nedy Co-Chair . Rork/1 COmmission .r . Wade J:ewson, Co'Chir ;SfJvth'Jttsoy Tfln$ponat/orl Authority . . . . . , -. -'The Honorable Jatn8$ Hargrett _$...,. W Bond :. SourheiNm PtnnsyAtania Trsnspomrion Dr: Bullard Justice Resourco Certttr Lee D evli : .j'istion6ITf6nspoitation Oo11$0rlium Gayle Holiday Kanss1 Clry A.roa [ransportiltion Aotl!or(ry Dr. Enty MIU 1itmit Actm;lisUBiirm ol flloriort Rorids Dspanmtmr of Trsns]JQJ11tion . (\Ioria Jeff. Joyce Johnson . Nonh ClrollnrA & T University ... Loo John,on ATE Man1gcmBJ?t & Service Company. Inc. Dr. Sylvan JolibOi Fforido-.. Bill McCloud AlW\'ANCOM' Deborih Price Con/ltfnca'of Mi non'ty TriJIIS/IOrttt ion Officisrs : .. S tephanie Nellons Robinson Transponation Research &ard Dr. Ros .alyn Simon Pro/8<1 ACJ'ION : Gwendolynmary Sil!lpson Amtriclln Public Jiansit AsMJCfadoo' Or. Charlti Wrigh1 Roridl Agricutruro/ and . University :J\EGI$TRATION. FORM. '-I '-' ' ; the -A;Symposium-ori AFRICANAMERICAIII MOBILITY ISSUES April14-16 ; 1996, Tampa Hyatt Reganey;Tampa, FlOrida, ... . . . Name Mil: .. SecuritY J : Address: # : . :City/SUite/Zip: ,,-J". -,-----,.------,.--",---. . . P ayment M vthoct.. Q O Order a VISA. a Master Card Q -. . Cad Number: _.:._,_, ___ __. Eicpirotionpat: ---------''-..,..,---.,-Card Hol defs '--..,:...-' "-----.. . Ca(d lioldefs S1onpture _ .:__' --__,.-,-...;..,,.------,. -. -...,.-..,..: AIJID

>11:'-1;111 Registration is opeli to anyoije interested in itttending:: rhe i egislration fee is S100.00 before Minch I S and S150.00 thereafte r : Student registration is for ssil.oo with valid identification: Pa'ifpeht must accompany the attached regiStration form : Registrations can also be made by phone or fax cr edit card. If a registration V'lil Qe a purchase order number, approval of tho p ,urchase order must be verified prior io the sYmPOsium .Reglstratl.on .confitmations will to all piuticipants prior to the symposium. All should be directed to: .. The 'Division of c.Oitterences and.lnstitutes' 4202 fVIGY 153, 336205350: (8131974-5731 i Fax 'RAVEL& lODGING .. USAir is offering and special rates on flights with seven-day advanced and ticketing requirements: Refer to ,Beyond the Homan -African Af9erican MobilitY Issues, Gold F\le Number 1265Q007" wlterr malabg the res.orvation. A number (>f. roo()ls at the Hyatt Regency Tampa nave been rese(Ved fofsymposiunl participants, The 'room rbte is SIJ5.00 single occupancy and $125:00 dpuble tax . pan be made by uiling .\he hotel directly. at (8131225.<\. When makin_g reseJVations; mention tllat it is i n associQtion With the Afr!can-Americi)li Mobi)ity Sv.mposium. FDr additiOnallodging .reC'Ommenaations in the area, USF Division of, Conferences and lnstitules at.the ph'orto number above. OCATION An"RACTIONS Busch Gardens; Disney WO'rldiandt[!.-Gulf CoastBea-.;henT.e'iust a fewof thnttrectioris driviQg distance o{ !he Reger!cy Tampa; f.or'inforniatiOJl pn these andother attrections and c _all or tile and Visitorli Associatio. n .at 111 Madison Street, 1010. Tamoa. 33602.1--448-2672. . The University of South F iorida is anEqual Opportunity/Equal Action'insti!ution. I f teasonable aoC

' .-.r "!'",_ . The Center for Urban Transportjtion Resurclr (CUTR), in conjunction. with th.e Florida Transpom,tiori, convened its tim national Symposium on'African-American m .obility iSsues in i994. In 1995, ;..;u, tile. SJJpport of of Minority Officials .and Federal the .se.cond symposium "Was 'coll'ienqd. Building on the "Cussions ana experiences from previous' events, .the third symposium will continue tile {)bjei:tive of inclusion of transportation issues relevant the African-American community . Jhe symposiiJm'holcfs' particular significance in light of recent events in the tra'nsportation industry: ihe current debate involving ilie sch9duled reaut!Jorization ofih e federaltransporto\ion'bill and tlie 199S :case of Aderand Construction, Inc. v. P9ife. Thes e even1s will have significant impacts on m inority users of transpo.riation.sys: : . tams, minority workers i n transporuition, and bosjness enterprises in,transpd]tation.. . . . . -NHO SHOU'LD ATTEND . . . . . ""' . As 11 multifaceted_ multidisciplinafy industry, transportation tonimands the of a widetspectrum of professionals: . topics Will haye broad appeal and will generate ihfonnation parti c 'ularty valuabl e to uansit ojlerators, engin_eeis, plan ners, equal opponunity govomment officials, economists, poficYmakers; and cititeR advocacy groi!ps . . . . -. .Topics thlt will be addressed pl,annad include: AOA and and oi 'w)th disabilities: .Environmenta)'justice, identlfvinreavetsl(l1ealtll orel].vird'nmental effects.and meaps of rolief' of t ransportation lend sociai service programS' and ciomm'uhity. development peoding legislation'.andits imp9cts . . lintermodalisnl: ihe'imposed niodal .6ias and.develo'ping'an eguitab1e modal s p lit . ' . ... Research and technology, accessto 'the 'impact. of Strategic planning and coalition building across oommunities. :.. .. . : .. ... . . ;_. . . . : . . . . . .. Transportation professionals from acrosfttJo Unite_d States. and haifa been'invitad to present papers and lead .discussions, Notable speakers who.liave been invited to P .lirticipate inc'lude Congressman Alcee L.: Hastings (Rwida}, the HonorabiO.'Gordon : L inton (Administrator, federal Transit Administration}, Slater1Adl)iinistrat0r, Highway Adl,nlnistraiion): 'GENDA Sunday, 2:0(4 p.m.. .Reception .. 3:00 ,p.m. ,wetco!ll.e/Opening Session 6:00-p.m. -Reception Monday, J\pril15 8'.30 a.m. R _egistratioQ .. : . 8 :30' a.m. General Session. . 9:og a.m, Coneurrent Ses'sions: AOA)nd Paratransit Seryices ; . : : Funding and legislation 10:45 a .m. -.. .. 1 t:OO a_,m ... General Session !Recap) 12:00 noon .Lunch c Keynote Speaker . ., . 2:00. p.m. Condurrent Sessions: Strategic Planning and Tuesday, Aprilt6 . . :" Rase_arclrand p m .. Bre.ak : ; . 4 :00 p .m. General Sessao. n (Recap)_ 6:00 p .m. Receptiort : "' : 8:30 a : m ,: .'General Session.tRe'cap). . 9:00 a.m. !!on current E .nvironmeilt Justice .. lntermodalism 10:45 a.m. Btellk 11:00 .. Glosing Session 2:90. oO"on Adlourn . "l'flls i $ tOtltalftt .


AppendJxC 19% Afri can Ame rican Mobili ty Issues Agenda


. .. ... . '. .. .. : . .. .. . ' ., . . .. . . : .... '. .. .; ' .. .. .. -: .. .. .. . . . .... ... -.... . . : ... . . . .. . -... .. __ ;_::" . ... ., ... . . ,. . ... ' .... ... .. .. ;, 8eyO.n4 . t .., .. . :.. .. . . .. ..,. \', '\ -;: ..-:: :' .. , I ' !.i' : .. ..... , ,_;. :_::_ : __ .:: ': : ... .:. 't, ,, .. :' ) ... . ... .. ., . ... . .. ., ; ' : . '' .... .: . ; ...... ,. ., ... . . . . .. . .... ,. . -. . ,. .. >. . \ : ... .. .. . . . :-. .. .. .. .. .. : ... . ., .. . . . . ' ... ; . -,. .. ... . . . ' '. .:, .. . . .. . :: ... : . . . . . ' . ... .. _:: .. :J..: $y"' urri pn .. \. .. -: ....... : .. : ., ., . .. I . . . . . ... ',; .. . : : . .. .. . \'. .. .. - .. ' .. ... . . ......... _. ; ;' : : . .. .. . ,, . ' ... . .. .. ' . x ... .. :;. ... . . CUTR .. . .. .-. ,. .. . . ... ' . . _;'. Y ': < ,.. ' .. .. ... #: : . '


Joo p.i.U . . . 5: o.p_p ll;l. . . 7:10 : : ' 8:00 . . -9:00a.m. Agenda Afric;(m-Ainerican Mobility Synipos'iitm iiJ. Please note there i's:a-studeiit.'posttir l:::ompetition .iJn 'display m Galleria'JJ, adja(Jent to the reg'lstratltm ttib,le$.-: flie .viewing tiln!! is sh.o>pn:hel:ow, Slinitay,;A,prlil4, lVetcoine . . . Greitinj:; EriC: T.' Hill; Ass\)cia!'<;CUTR p JlrQscb,_ Lllre.ctor, GUTR o pr. Michael G : Kova!<, Dear\; QfEiigiD.eering, l;Jsl.'. o Dr, J. Tighe, Provost; Univ'}rsiiy 9fSouth'Ffori9a. i:J Wade J':,a-:vsqn1 Team ' ' ;> > Facilitptor: Gl. adsWilr'\is; Inc; . . . . : . . . . :C:./Jntfnf!lita11J_reiiifa.v( G: W'ard;.:Dep'ui)i CI.JTR .. 0 ro: of'TainP.a . . . . : Ope!iing.Sess!on/ 6v'er<;iew o(s)'rilposhitn o \>1iar9n Costa Transit District : .. . . ... .. .. . ' . . . 'ind ti,t_e l'ei:sons'l"ilh . . . . : ; . . .... -Siiar.oo P.r.oje(t ACTION .. . . . . : . '' . ..... . o S)lerry,Burton.,_Mar)r!andOffice;of : 'i:J.E

9 00. .. : : a:Ill,. . . . fo:4s 11:00 ft:ni. 2 :00_p;JII . 3,45 p.m, .. April-is; l996 '( continU:ein C.O.iicurtent Sessions (cpniiiill'ed) .. ;. : .... : ...... . .. . . .. ; FUnding .of Tf!!nsportation, SoCial Programs; i1iicititatoi-.: i:iili'M:cCioud; A.Tc!VAN'c6M: Federal o ll.edeta!Jfigliwiiy Administration.' .... J d Janice B': fot'TJimsitCoalitioii Breqk W.orkshdps . (;otiferenci : of'Minori iy . . ; .., . : . . . . .. . . . ; . . . lnttoduc4o_n. Gal)' t. ... : . . . . . '. . , L.}lastings ; Unitfld 'States of : :Sessio.ns': ' . . ao.d {mpacts of Fat;f.liiaiOr.: :J?.r.. Fia:n!<.E.t'li)if1Conf i renc e ofM,inQrity Officials d l,ee :National Tranwomtiofl i;Ori$oitluin of Mfuoriiy Co!leges p t>r-z. : . . : CJLo. ia :.Mayo, Wi!Sl!it)gtGti' l'\uthorit)' : o 'yl . Eisenl).ower.: FellowshiP. Program . . . . ..... AcroSs C!imnimiities Faeilit(ltor.' BeyerlY. Harper; 1'ott(ci1io -AssoGjates > :. sl\aron :sa,ilks, Transit niStriei i\ Cooperative . .. , . . . . . . . a. Wlnte; qotisult!nt; Los At)geles : tH>.r.-Rudolph Not:foik State Univ.ersity . . . .J!r.eli[i _,_ ... : . : -ViiMn'g of :. . . R!!Pdri/t,o,ir iyqrkshoiw Naiipnal Ttansjiqrtatioti o'f .Mihprity_ Colleges . . ..


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AppendixD Eval uation Respon ses


38 LESSONS LEARNED African-American Mobility Symposium Evaluation Exercise Results Coalition i s the key to building a good transit system. Coalitions are an ess e ntial part of the transit business and planning process. Som e transit systems are actually seeking coalition input/ partner s hips Participants are willing to extend themselves to devise and secure solutions to problems that have been identified as having an impact in the future Different aspects involved in transportation, i . e. the complicity of scheduling The urgent need to examine environmental concerns within minority neighborhoods. Availability of opportunities for advancemen t in the transportation industry through such programs as the Eisenhower Fellowship New ways to overcome existing problems. How much everyone involv e d in this field aspires for change involving the Afri can America n community. What to do in life to get to the top. How to mofivate people from the community to b ecome involved in what is happening around them and how this will affect their futures ADA Law of 1990 and solutions to para transit problems. How to exercise the creative thought processes for identify ing innovative funding options. Symposium brought togethe r African-Americans who claim to have received less than their fair share of transportation services, employment opportunities, contracts, etc. Transit must be involved in every aspect of the community. Industry professionals must assure c ommunity knowledge and involvement. Studies are being conducted to assess impacts of rrs on communities.


An integral part of the symposium was the opportunity to network and parti cipate in: one on one interchange of information. Considerable concern that mass transit is not properly positioned to compete with the nation's other priority items. There is a wealth o f untapped resources in transportation. Idea of using real estate tax and other similar taxes for funding t ra nsit activities aside from the usua l sales and gas taxes. Com mitmen t of transit professionals in sharing what works in their communiti es There are many factors involved in transportation service delivery from the federal to local l evels Each community must define its strategy to provide transportation sources. Zoning and land ownership has a profound effect on environmental equity. African-Americans have come a long way, but still have far to go. It is important to work together if the probl ems will eve r be resolved. E asy acces s to information is important. Opportunity to meet and learn about and from the othe r minority professionals in transportation Everyone can contribute to problem solvin g T h ere is a differen ce in the African American perception of transit. It is importan t to examine the points of view of other minority groups, possibly in a separate forum Linkage between transportation and i s sues involving way of life in Ameri ca. APPUCATIONS Resource fo r sharing/ disbursing infomtation that will be used effectively and effidently to resolve actual issues.


40 P l an to do more research t o keep up with the growth and development of transportation systems Talk with the area homeowners' association and i nclude some information about the results of the symposium in the next Congressional newsletter Attempt to increase minority student involvement in transportation careers. Reach out to the community to increase participation Become aware of the decision making process as it affects African-Americans. Encourage team building and participatory dialogue throughout the staff Focus on the issues. Share information with othe r students and encourage them to pursue a career in transportation or at least inform them of the various aspects of the industry. Try t o be m ore sensitive, and compassionate toward Afr i can-Americans in c arrying out job responsibiliti e s Attend community meetings and assist in coordinating the meetings to educate and inform the community of the issues Incorporate the problems/ challenges of ITS into organizing efforts. Communities of color need to be ahead of the curve on this before ITS potentially compromises the quality of living in those c ommunities. .. Share information gained from several workshops, including ADA, coalition build and environmental justice, with co-workers and other Strong advocacy a1\d the building of fomtidable pro-mass transit coalitions will ensure that mass transit assumes its rightful place in the nation's collective view of what is important to societv Plan to publicize the idea of using alternate means of funding transit activities A mechanism f o r gaining potential grantees I n volve as many people as possible in the policy formulation process for transportation planning and implementation.


41 Build advocates and become more aggressive. Spread th e word and put the ideas into practice. Distribute infonnation as often and as clearly as possible. Topics for research can be developed from the discu ssions and workshops. Meet within neighborhoods, not only with 'leaders', but everyone with solid ideas. Gained motivation, ideas, courage, wisdom, knowledge to continue to pursue career dreams and aspirations. Look more carefully at who are the users of transit --not necessarily the numbers, but whom they represen t and how service can be more responsive. Approach assignments and program activities from a much broader perspective. RECOMMENDATIONS Structure workshops to discuss the interrelationship of various transportation systems and issues to minority flow income populations, e g., highway j infrastructure to transit to air services to movement of goods to service, etc. Continue the session on research and technology. Involve more students from Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Include a session to discuss lessons learned and accomplishments since the previous symposium. Develop a plaruung so lution to existing problems of environmental inequity. Address a broader spectrum of the transportation infrastructure (highways, streets, etc.). Invite non-minority participation to make them aware of the needs of African Americans. Better utilization of the local transit system. ..


42 complete listing of dll particip ants for continu ed nehvorking. Stronger participation from transit agencies and coalition groups. Study the rela tionship b e t\veen property, power, and transportation policies, and its i mplications for progressive improv ements. Focus on mass transit advocacy. Involve top DOT offici a l s in new id eas. planning now for th e next symposi um by sec u ring speaker and potentia l ba c kup speakers ear ly. Continu e to include a good mixture of governme n t, universitie s, and lo ca l transp ortatio n provid ers as presenters. Provid e a separate sess ion for college students. Look for solutions to problems facing the minority community, do not just co mplain If the goal o f the sympo sium is to provide information and actio n, establish a round tabl e d iscussion for a position paper from the sy mpo sium. A session on research conducted at HBCUs. Develop a list of r esearch ideas and needs that affect th e co mmunity. Use the Ulailing lists of ASPA to mail out information for the next symposi um. Collaborate with the APA to develop future symposiums. . Take info rmation gained from this conference back to various communities and begin to make a differenc e. Establish an archive of video tapes from the symposium an d sell copies (audio and video) to participants. Plan follow up activiti es.


43 NllXT SYMPOSIUM Extend the confer ence to more than two days. Valu ab l e information compac ted into a brief period of time. Ensure all presenters m ake ava il ab l e hard copies of their presentations. Encou rage more officials and student involvem e r \t. Do not co nflict with other nati onal/major transportation confe rences More minority student involv e m e nt. Set goals to solve the proble m s. P lan an activity that would econ omically benefit the local African American co mmunity. Fo r e xample, a trip to the African American museum, lunch or dinner program at a Black owned restaurant, h otel, etc Ex amine the opportuniti es c reated by new technology. Continue to solicit input fr o m all areas of transportation, including airlin es, freight, rail, etc. Plan more concurrent sessions. Invite m ore community leaders and assistan ts from the local transit authority. P rovide facts, figures, and other e xamples of h!m( Afr i canAmericans hav e 1l2t receive d th eir fair share of tran sporta tion programs/ systems, job opportunities, contracts, etce tera [ e mphasis in orig inal]. At the 1996 symposium it was a given that these probl e ms ex ist. Appreciate (and n eed) a better tmderstanding of the problem befor e agreeing that anything needs to b e done about it A llow for more audience pa r ticip ation and brainstorming. Allow sufficient time for discussion. not just p anel presentations E n courage more discussi on of property versus land use, intersection between "comm unity develop ment" and transp o rtation issues. Provide displays.


44 Include i nformation on ITS. Increase the number of participants of othe r min ority gro ups women and the majority population. Encourage the student paper presentation and poster compe tition. Co mprehensive marketing c ampaign about the symposiu m throughout the industry. Include a mobile workshop of the host city t o allow participants the opportunity to observe the city's transportation sys t e m. B r oader parti cipation. Include g ra ssroots users. Include union repre se ntativ es. Session on how to organize a neighbo r hood meeting and identify the Wormal lead ers. C hange lo cation of the symposium. Begin session s at least thir ty minute s late r to increase a ttendance from the start. Provide more infom1ati o n on th e e lderly and transit. Include p rofessi onals from nonmotori zed transportation, e g., bicycle and pedestrian programs. Arrange a group outing, possibly a trip to Busch Gardens Pro vide a session for students o n the opportuniti es within the industry Pro vide better Wormati o n o n public transit option s, e.g., rout es serving hot e l and how to get around, transit map/ sche dule. More community repres enta tion. Present actions take n since previous symposium. Invite the media. Co mbine [lessons findings and experiences from) prev ious conferences in pursuing an ac tion agend a


African-American Mobility Symposium Evaluation ForUl Rec;:pon:fe:f Nu.mber of Respondents: 33 Before th. e S1jlrtposium begins, please write a few sen fences on what you hape to gain. Broader understanding of the transit area. Ability to relate information t o minority issues. 45 Understand unique issues of African-American community as related to mobility issues. Fwther education of transportation technology (ITS). More data about minority concerns in all aspects of transportation. Information on current topics impacting Ulobility needs of African Americans. Information leading to the developmellt of better transportation systems. Alternatives for ldea.s for coalitio n building and coorclillation with community development funding Issues and program implementation. Information on cwrent and futwe transportation issues. Gain insight fro m the experiences of others in the transit industry. Enhance knowledge in the areas of public transit, funding, planning. Information on the future of public transit. Contacts. Provide insight and direction to find solutions to problematic transit situations Ability to bring about positive change in personal and community involvement Insight into public transit and specific information on coali tion building


46 ---Concrete and substan tial information to establ ish a 'real' action plan. Means to e ffect change within th e African-American comm unity. Cain an understanding of why /how mobility issues for African Americans are differen t from those of other people Broader education on environmental justice and community involvement Multitude of proposed solutions to remedy African Ame ri ca n mobility issues. Specific assignment or t asks to solving minority m ob ili ty i ss u e s Personal observations about tra nsit a c cessib ility and mobility issues from across the country. Learn about opportunities and constraints. Meet people who are trying to creat e programs Wormation that will h elp ensure transportation service d elivery based on and responsive to need Opportunity to shape id eas, solutions, and strategies and implement same on mobility c hallenges facing African Americans. Information about research in the field o f mobility and African-Americans. Business prospects. Greater insights into the transportation related needs of African-Amer icans and other minori ties, includin g women and MBEs. Become more knowledgeable about the transit industry. At the conclusion of tlre symposir1m, please llllSWer tlte following, did tJre symposium achieve or exceed your expectations? Yes 94% No 6%


47 P lease Explain. Learn more about t e l ecommunications program s (ITS) in transportation Not only gained a broader understanding o f transit, bu t met a number of individuals with a wealth of e xperience and knowledge who were willing to share information common problem s and p o ssible solutions. Great information ... Lots of interesting discussions and energy. Received information that was helpful and uplifting. Opportunity to network with others. In ever y way, but number of participants. New alternatives for funding options were discussed along with ideas for coalition building and working cooperatively with community development agencies. Being able to speak to the p r o f essionals in transportation gave me ideas as well as influenced me in ways that I could be productive in transpor t ation The workshops on community development and coalition building gave me a lot of i nformation and ideas for coalition b uilding in this area There was a positive force. It made me feel needed. Beyond the Horizon has shown me I have no problems, only challenges. Met interesting people and learned a lot. Meeting presenters and guest speakers all tied effectively to use in the work environment. Expectations were exceeded through all contacts and the array of guest speakers. Made contact with a professor who has begun a community institute, an idea I was inte r ested in. Able to gain many resources, insight, and information Able to network.


48 --- My expectations were somewhat ac hieved. Looking for more concr e t e, s ubstantive information whic h set out a "re al action plan. Speakers needed to address the topics indicated on th e program, rather tha n their particul a r s pecial need s. So m e of the participants should have been speakers. Learned so muc h about transportation issues and legislat ion that I was not e xposed to in the workplac e. If it is true that African-A mericans are not getting their fair s hare of transportation-related services employment opportunities, con tracts e t c. then, t his sympos ium was very successful in bringing together a coalition of the best minds5people who are familiar with the problem s and who have the motivation and desire to see k solutions ; people, I think, who can and will make a differen ce. Enjoyed the infor mation pl'eSen ted in Environmental Justice session and the exchange during the n and answer. Able to glean informatio n from all of the workshops U1at i s immediatel y tra nsf e rable. Some suggestions were made con cerning potenti a l solutions but not e nough. The counte r ba lanced thi s. It is a lways good t o hea r about programs/projects around the cou ntry Hear first hand abou t issues that a re pertinent to th e African-A m erican co mmunity, disabled co mmunity, and transit G ood information Wonderful support and staff. Allowed me t o understand and l earn more about the orga niza ti on. Participants expressed willingness/ o penness to look at/ exp lore new approac hes. A great group of peopl e; wanted to attend both sessions. Please rate tire followingfactars by c hecking the appropriate blank: Facto r Ex cellent Good F a i r Poor N/A Application to your job 55% 33% 9% 3% 0 Length of symposium 64 % 30% 6% 0 0 Topics presented 64% 30% 6% 0 0 Speakers 73% 27% 0 0 0


4 9 Please rate tire following factors lly drecking tire appropriate blnnk: ( continu ed) Fa c tor E xc ell ent Good Fair Poor N/A Fa cili ty 70% 27% 3% 0 0 Audie n ce 8 2 % 9% 6% 3% 0 If y o u rat ed any factors "Poor", pleas e ex plain M ust d o a b etter job getting p e r so n s to atte n d As a stu dent studying Constructi on and Civil Engineering, the symposiu m does not apply to my job. Circle tire number that indicates you r overall evaluation of tire s ym posium. Ex cellent 67% Good 33% Fair 0 Poor 0 N/A 0 Add 1 rn y additional comments about tire s ymposium ( speakers, fadlity, etc.) below or e m tJre back of this form. Looking f orward t o the n ext one. The i d ea of U1e stud ent poster competitio n was good; howe ver, had no i dea of w h o they were o r what they w ere trying t o accompHsh . The opportunity presented t o th e s t u d ents to ask q u estio ns w as e x cellent and should be o p e n to indi v i d uals who do not work in the transi t a re a and may need to a s k very bas i c questions. T h e infor mation from the workshop did not n ecessa rily relate to daily activiti e s, but allow s anoth e r avenue to pursue as a b enefit to D O T' s c ustomers/clients. To a ttract more students, offer a semina r d ea ling with the type of opportuniti es Qob classif ica ti o n s ) available within th e industry. S tudents will have an idea of all o f th e different types of things they can do.


50 . Possible t hem e for next y e ar: "Taking Flight or so m e thing related to the dreams/eagle e xercise. Maintain a balan ce of s mall co nference, high energy, a nd motivation. Widely distribute proceedings. Glad I cam e ; everyon e did a great job. ITS presentation should hav e been a session. Great job Symposium was help ful and informative; all o w e d networking, thinking, and relaying Inf ormation leading to th e development of better transpo rtation systems. Overall symposium wa s excellent Hope to rec e ive information for next year's symposium to attend and help. Invo lv e high sc hool seniors and junior college students in Hills borough Polk, and Pine llas co unties Invest in a zipper bag with the c onfe r ence n a m e and e mbl e m to add a touch of class. Provide better informati o n on public transit options, e. g routes serving h o t e l and ho w to ge t a round, transit map/schedule C loser proximity to Blac k co mmunity for intera c tion and ec onomic benefit to the Black co mmunity. T h ank you for allowing m e to be in the pres e n ce of so me of the mos t intellig e n t Africa n America ns i n thi s world Sy mposium h as allow ed me t o think Beyond IIl,lC Horizons. Thanks fo r the future co nn ec tions, friendships and job opportunities. Work closer with the local transit authority Great confere nc e. This symposium is t h e best. However, I will do all I ca n to improv e th e sympos ium


5 1 There is always r o om for improv emen t A s a studen t, I found the symposium very benefi cial. I would enj oy to cou\e ba c k nex t year. Symposium e xceeded all e xpectations prov i ding insight and directive to find solu ti ons to prob lematic transit situ ation s Symposium should push for the attendance of students More poster s essi ons Participant list is needed. Dis tri bute proceedings to all parti cip ants. All speakers should be require d to have handout m ateria ls b ased on the co ncurrent ses sio ns Student involvement was excellent. Receptions and hospi tality sui tes were an excell ent foru m for facilitating dialogu e and allowing an oppo rtunity to build meaningful alliances. Excell ent speakers. More representation from the community, colleges, and univ ersi ties. The symposium shoul d i ssue a posi tion p aper that provides a solution. Participants shoul d leave the symposium with specific a ssig nments or tasks. I would recommen d the segm e ntati o n of assignments amo ngst m ultipl e commit1es. Thes e committees should coo rdina te with each o ther and a summary of cum ulativ e committee results should be presented at the next symposium. Start planning now for the next symposium Need to secur e speakers' and panelists earl y. There should be a t least on e repres entati ve frou \ e ach transi t property in the s tate. Attra c t more students from predon\inantly whit e univ e rsities e.g., Univ ersi ty of Florida Florida State Univ ers ity, etc Invit e the media. Good c onference. Staff made everything easy and. fu n. I'


52=-Ad d more breakout sessions. Incl ud e additional information pertaining to civil rights. look forward to rec eiving the proceedings from the symposi um. This is a model that can be replicated and should This has been an excellent resource for sharing information, systems, ideas about problem solving and new approaches to service delivery. Di d not appreciate the'r ecept ions' especially whe n n ondrinker and don't know peo ple . Would have appreciated more sess ions have so mu c h to learn and so f ew o pportunities lik e this. Don't forget to market th ese types of programs to cities with airlines that offer reduced airf ares.