USF Libraries
USF Digital Collections

An un-cataloged item [C01-00382] from Center for Urban Transportation Research Publications [USF].

MISSING IMAGE

Material Information

Title:
An un-cataloged item C01-00382 from Center for Urban Transportation Research Publications USF.
Physical Description:
Book

Subjects

Genre:
letter   ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Full cataloging of this resource is underway and will replace this temporary record when complete.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - C01-00382
usfldc handle - c1.382
System ID:
SFS0032412:00001


This item is only available as the following downloads:


Full Text

PAGE 1

.. . . .. . . t. . . ... r . .... . ... . : . .. . . TRANSPORTA1'10N Pi:ANNER IN WITH tilE HlikoPOLffAII J1J.AinuNG .ADVISORY CaUNal. WWW.'DOT'.sTAT."Fl.USflLANNIN G

PAGE 2

' . '.' .. .. ' ' .. .. . . . \ .. . . .. .. r, .. . .. . . .. . . 'n ... . '' : . . : . ... . .... . . . . t. ,. : .. ... : / . . .. ... F .... .... . .. . J .. .. : ' '. ....... :.. '' :; 't ' ' ;o ' ; .. : I N': .. G ., ... ; . l \ ... .. .. . . : . ,.. . ... . . .. .... : .. . > . --. . . .. . .. . . .. .. .. \ .. . ' .. , .. .... ... ., . .. .. .. .. . .. . \ . . . -' ... ... \ . .. i ,. -' . . .. . . . ' .. ; J > 's: : .. : : .. y _. .. .. .: ...... : ; .. ... > .. ... I ... . .... . .. ...... .. .... '.: . . .. .. . .. .... . .. .. . '. t '. .. ' . -.. . ... :. : ... ... : . . : .. . .. . .. . , . . . .... .. .. .... ' : . . . . .. ' : I "',. . . . , . ... : .. .. .. 't .... .. . . : .. .. .. ' .' .' . . . : . .. . ' .. .. ... . .. .. ;! \ ,,;: :.: .. .... ... .. .. . . ': . . .. . ;: ' .. . .. ... . :. ' : .. ... . .. . . .. ... "" ' .. '. . . . ' . . .. ' J . .. :' .. ': i . ) ,. .... . .. .. . . . .) : .... .. ., , '. .. l 'i; ., .. ' ... ... .. t ; . : ... : ' ,, .. ; . ... : .. !.'' .. ... ..-.. < : . . . -: ._. ... . . ; ... .... .. .... .\'.' . . . ... : ... .. : : . .. . ... .. ... . : . .. ... . . I t ' .. J ' ... ' :OFFICE OF::rilt,STATI1 TRANSifiRTA.TIOitPIANNER.. . , .. '. :, ,"'.'t, ......... . . "'' . : :: : : : . : lti.CdOPEJfAnONWRH-"' . .. .. ... .. : .... 0 h : .. ... : : tHE HETROJI()lfTAN. Pi.Af.JNII((i CP.liNCJi. t 'I o ._ :. ' .. 'I ' o o '' . . . .. :. .. f . .' . ... .. . ... .. . ... .: : ... : .. ,. .. . . ... . . .. '. ; . . ' .. I ; . ).: . -. ... ... . . ... ... . '" . .. .. : . : .... ... .. .. . .. ..: .... . . .. . . r ... . ... . .. . . . .. . . ' ... ..... .. .. . ,. . .. . .. ... :,. .. r .. .-.. . . . .. l ' -. ... .. "' .. . . ........ . ' .... ' .. . : ' . .. .. ' .

PAGE 3

this page IS blank

PAGE 4

. .. . . . . . f ... ... . ... . . . . . . . . .' . ... 0 ... . . .. ' . . i . .: < .. : ... . : _.,,:'l..,, I . . . . .. . ... . .. , .... . , , I I ', , 0 .. .:. j ... of .coif.rsNrS:.) ... > .. :: . ,'.. -.. '', ....... ';., '.;: 1',\ , . , I .. . ,., , \. ........ 'y' :'.\' : ... : .. : .-\ ... .:: ... -::': ... ".': .::.:: .. :;. -. ... : . : . _.. : . ; -. : ; ; . :; . ; : 0 .. : : ; ... '! _,,:: .. ... -:., .,,,. ..... :. ,'"''"""',"'' \'' .. . . ... . r . ? ,. ,. :' .: ( : t '. INTRODUqJQl'l ... ; . .... ... : . : ... ;;;:: :; !,,. : . : !XI : :...... ... ....... ........ ......... -.... : ..... ..> .. :..: J.', . ... . . ' . . ' . . \ . .. ... o '" ' o' 0 '' o ''''I' ,'I' HAPTER. k . : ; .. ..... ? ; /., '1 ... .: .... ' ; . .. . . ... :' : . '., .. '' 1 .t 'F'"D .. RA'' M A N DA" T'" .... ': .... . : : ... < '. .: : .... . t ... .. : 1:. C. ... /"'\.. .... ... .r . 4t' " .. . ; .. ... .-: .. ........... ... .. 1 2 P 01 1rv ' .. .. ... ., 2 ; , /"'\ .. L .'-J ... ... -. ...... t : .. . IN THEJ-1PO P.l.ANWING PROCEss.: . .. .. ... _,: 1 3 ; 1 MPO. ..:, o .,.. .. :. ... : 3. . : . :. ..N : ............. ;.-,:;; ... .; :.. :; . .' ...... . . .. .. . ., ... . : : ,': ;'THE .... ; . I ,1 o I t,JSISTENCY NA TIQNAlll'S : :: : ': . . . .. . ....... \ .... ., . ........ .. .... -:. . : .'!;. ; ;..-. ....... ; : . ; ... :' . ..... '; ..... -. :.: 25 . : . .. ,. 2 / f .:ARCHli:EtTOt_tE : ; . .. 2i,-. :: . . . . . .. .. .. . . . : . .. . . . '. . _:.: ',':. .:z.2: NAJ.I O NI\t'-ITS : .. _.,29 i I ; '' : ' ' ' ' ' ' ;_ :.' 2 3 : ;APPLICABit i'{YTO'Lol:Al:ITS PLA'l)INING AND : . ". ' 0 ( 0 > 0 0 l ' 0 0 0 0 I ' I lo 0 , : ... ...... v .-:, . . ... ; .... : ... <.; ,\ '': .. 30 ' U'-/ : ' :: 2. 4 . ... ; \ .. . .. r r s T".:.NI. N;f. : .. : ;. .. .-:. ..... :'. : .. ., .. : "'3-: l. "L,. 1\.1"\. 1 u _.,., ...... 9 ......................... ............ ..... ........ .) . : : , r ', ) -. . "' 1 :, 2-.6 I N AND.ARCHITECT.URE .' .-:. :._' .. ; .. I" .,. ,. # ... . '. . ' .. : . . . ... ... 2.7..-.Aci HEVING AND MONFfORIN G tdNSISTENCY IN'ITS : : . : . ::. .... . . . . : ' ' : I ' i I .. I . .. . .. ; ... . J' I ' ' ' . \ . . . .. . .. -': '. . \ . .: . .. ... . ; . ' . "-' . ,, ........ ,i'' \ ' . . "" .. . . . . ... . ... 111; .... .

PAGE 5

TABLE Of CONTENTS (CONT'D) 2.8 COORDINATION WITH STATEWIDE ITS STRATEGIC P LAN . 35 2.9 USEFUL STEPS IN PLANNING FOR IT$ .................................. 36 2.10 ITS INTEGRATION INTO LONG RANGE PLANS ...................... 37 CHAPTER J: ROLE OF ITS IN CONGESTION MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS ............................ ........................ 43 3.1 CONCEPT CONSIDERATIONS FOR ITS APPLICATION ................ 43 3.2 ITS .APPLICATIONS FOR GATHERING MOBILITY PERFORMANCE MEASURES ..................... ............................................. 46 3. 3 IDENTIFYING SUITABLE ITS .APPLICATIONS FOR MOBILITY MANAGEMENT-LOCAL PERSPECTIVE .................................... 4 7 3.4 CMS/MMP LINKAGES TO ITS-NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE .......... 50 CHAPTER 4: ROLE OF ITS IN CORRIDOR STUDIES ......................... 53 4.1 BACKGROUND ................................................................ 53 4.2 STEPS FOR INCORPORATING ITS INTO CORRIDOR STUDIES ....... 55 4.3 EXAMINATION OF CORRIDOR TRANSPORTATI ON NEEDS ........ .. 56 4.4 IDENTIFYING AL L REASONABLE MU LTIMODAL ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES .............. ... 57 4.5 ALTERNATIVES ANALYSIS .................................................. 59 4.6 PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT IN THE ITS PLANNING PROCESS ............ 62 4. 7 REMINDERS ........... I 63 CHAPTER 5: CONCURRENCY MANAGEMENT IMPACTS ON ITS PLANNING ................ ..................................... . ...... 65 5.1 T H E ROLE OF THE LEVEL OF SERVICE STANDARDS J N CONCURRENCY MANAGEMENT .......................................... 66 5.2 F LORIDA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION MAXIMUM LANE POLICY .. ..... ... 68 5.3 MEASURING SYSTEM PERFORMANCE .................................... 68 5.4 BASIC TRAFFI C VOLUME DATA .......................................... 70 5 5 VIDEO-BASED TECHNIQUES ............................................... 71 5.6 CONTINUOUS VEHICLE TRACKING ...................................... 72 5.7 ADDITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS .......................................... 73 IV

PAGE 6

. ... . . .r / . .. / .. . . .. . .. . . : . .. . . .. .. .. . ..: ... .. . . .. . . . \_ . . .... '.. . . . . . . : .. . ... . . . . . . . . . ; :> .. \ (toNi:jo) ::. ,; .' '' , ',, '., 1 1 ,, 1 , . . . . .,t ' . .. '-' . . ... . . .; . ..... :' . ....... . .: . . :. .... .. , . : r ... ._ : S S : : ;; . :: .. . s . . .. ... . . l .. 74 $ Y.STEM "'. : : :.. .. ... . : : l . . :'. . .. .. .. .. .. !... ... ; .. .... .; ... ': ...... .. : .. .. . . :. . . : : .. . ., . . ,. ,. ' : ,., I . :"' .' .(:1-IAPTER 6: -THE ITS IN : -. . ; ... :.:1 : 4-P..b'tf.rf.t : : ... .. . .. ..... . . . .. ('. . ,' . . . . ,. ( . . ,4, 6. 1 ITS AND StJST AINAB1t.IJ.Y 1.: ; : ..... : .. ........ ...... "'' ; .-7 .7 : . 6.,2:-..ItS: AND Alii QuALitY Su:sTAIN;;\Bn:JtY .. ... : .. <", . 6 ; 3 -1Tfli.fi>t..b's sv' . . ., ": . } . ,'t .. ,. ..,.,,. : ::-.. :REols'rRIBU'rLON oF.GR.OwTR'AND 1Nt>UCED TRAVEi. .. :,:: ... ... -80: .: .. ............... ........ ; ... . ,. . : 6.'4 iTS"-EQUITY ISSUES . . ... . . ... . . . : . 6. 5 OtHER FACTORS SUSTi(JNABiliTY ; .. ....... <.8 4 : ' , ' ' '\ ! ' ' : I : ::; 6.{j : .... ....... .... . ;;. ,;-.;.: . lf5 ., \'' ...... . .... . . : .... ... . . ..... ; ' ...... ... . 1., : .. ., ... ,. ' . . . ) ' . . ; . ,.:\ ,,.., { ... : \Cfi4PTEI{ 7: /RANI(ING TERNATI:VE . \: :At.Jo Its : .' . < _. ... :. > : : .. . / l : l. .R,AMCI!il<;i 1TSI?R9JECT;AL-TER!'JA}!VES .. . -.. ..... ;:;.;. .... ; ; ... .. :, .: 7 :.z P oiNrl:.\l. B'ENEFi'Fs;ANO. COs'rs i:oi Irs .. .. 94 l, ; , , : ... . ........ ........... . ": . ]-..3 .. .. rF .. svs. NoN ITs. . . ; .. : .. : .. : 26 : .... 7 4 s G G es'reo PE f .u .N.CE ME. SUR s "'o ITS .. 98 t U R A E : r' R.. .... ,:,. . ;.-' . . . . . '. ' . .. . . : ....... . ... .,', . ... '' ..... ,, . rr. , , , , r . I ,: ' ' ' ,. '' . ', . \ . .. . . . \ .. : .. . :: :'. . .. : /,' .. i. : .. : ... : .: : . : ; :: . . :, ; : ... tLsr oF.-REl=ERENCES . .. : .-. .. . . tOs .: .. , .r ' ' ... ''' : ' .-. .. . ,; .. \ .. .... ,' \' ', ,,', .'',, '' , '., :. '. I .': t ',loo: : .'c . .. : r:tsT. :oF: WEB: . .. : .. .-{ .. .. .. . ... ; : : .... ..... . 1 d9 ( ,l'. J '' : : ; ... : : : . ..... : : . : . \ . .. : ,,: ..: .. .... . ... ; .... ' ( ,, !. ,; ',' ,' t ;... 1 ' r { ;, : .. ' . .. ... ". ' ... : , . . . . ... ,,''' ,,,,,} 1 ;. 1 ...,',,, ',1 ,', ...... I .. .. . . 1 : \ .. . !'; :.. ' : . ; ., ... ;: .. . . . . . . : 1 ..: # . . ; .. : . . .. ; ... . ... ', ,. . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . ... :, -: .. . .: ... ,. . . ... .. : . ... .. ; .... . .. . . ..::::. "" .. . "'! .. : .. . ... .. . . . . . . ' :' .. ,. .... . . . . . .... . ... . .... .. .. .. .. . '. : . .. . . : . : . \, ' . ' . -:.; ' : . :.,.... . ' '' I ,; : . . -:: . \ . .. ., ... .. . f . ' . . :: . .. . . . . \ ''\ .. r \ . .. ... , .. .. )' . . . I . .. . ' .. . . . . ': ; . . .. . . I . . . . . . ... . ... . ... . .. . . ' \ ...... . .. . . . ' .. :.. . '-' . ... . ... : .... . . ; . ' . .. . .. : . . . ( . .. : o; ... v .

PAGE 7

LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE 1 ARCHITECTURE HIERARCHY ........................................... 28 FIGURE 2 ITS NATIONAL ARCHITECTURE S U BSYSTEM S ..................... 29 FIGURE 3 RECOMMENDED ITS PROJECT PLANNING PROCESS ............. 91 LIST OF TABLES TABLE 1 ITS USER SERVICES ...................................................... 1 7 TABLE 2 CORRELATION BETWEEN TEA 2 1 PLANNING FACTORS/ GROWTH MANAGEMENT CONCURRENCY REQUIREME NTS AND ITS USER SERVICES' .............................................. 1 9 TABLE 3 ITS TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS FOR DATA COL.LECTION .... ......... . . 45 TABLE 4 FLO RIDA MPOS WITH IT S FOR MOBILITY MANAGEMENT PROCESS ( MMP ) ......................................................... 48 TABLE 5 MEASURES OF EFFECTIVENESS FOR LOS DETERMINATION .... 6 7 TABLE 6 POTENTIAL ITS BENEFITS .............................................. 95 TABLE 7 SAMPLE ITS COST ELEMENTS ......................................... 96 VI

PAGE 8

. "' . . . . . . . . . . . . :. ; . . . . . . . . . . 00 o l t o :, . .. : # . r . . . . . . . ; . . . ... . . . ,, .. . . ,.... . .. ... ,l . .. ' .... ' ._:.> .-/ .' :::. E x E.c UT...-IVE su M uib:y' : : .: . .. : . . . . '.. ... ... ' . : .i:. : ;, _: .. .': . : : .. .. : .. .... .. : : \ : .. .. .. . . . . -: ' ., . . . . . . .... . .: .. .... .. .... ... ' '. t ,. ' ', ' .-, ,, '' I ,.., , i nte'gratiol') (1JS} into. the ... _. .. ... t : transportation prp tess .: i s . bY. .the' t998.-' ; l ... '" ' .. : . : ; ;: .Transportation . EffidelJC}r .. Acf : . 'Etc h : 't' .. o : ,'"'. ." '" '0 : 1 1 0 1;' ... ;. :PJai'l:ning :.Organization: (MPO) ate.a, .in the state .. i s .. required tcf: : ,,' ',1, 1 .. ,', I '_','! .' ,o :', ' .. "t . ...... ......... . . . to: .Range_ . irSArchtiecture . : ,.: ._. .... . .. .. .. > .. .. .. .. t = ... ..... : . . : . '' .... :=. ... .. ... . : ::: :. .( .... ... ...... .... : : . ..: : ; !'. : . : .. ,. : . .. : JT5 : shoul d:: be \liewe<( a of :.toors :. for-/ adilres5t. rii .. : -. :; . : : ... . ' t . : .. : : . : J : rs::: is,' air n'clme.ncy_ . . . . . . . .. . ' i : t .. ..._ I ' ., ' .., o pr()v:i sJolls. of g r0wth tq p or .. . . . . . -. ,; . .. . ; .. \ . . . .. . . ": . . .. the metropofftan . I ,' ' o t meeti.n:g ItS : : : . _... . . . \. ... ... :, : ..... . . : . ... ',;' '' 0 I f ' ,' o '0 0 0 "' ._ 0 0 ,I 0 o , 0 I ' : ,, ,'' .. ,, .. : . ,,,,., , ... .... ,', t I "'-' 'o: o;' \ _, , ' written aJ?put the" for: ITS : to; .' ', : ''.I : : .' 'I ' : ""' .. .,.:.. ,,' : ", '" :hnprQve.. e f tk i e nc)r', of :. the.::. .. .' 'rir its iO: ( : . ... . ! . . ,. .. ... .. . .. of of the: traiispoi-t;a.tlon . : The ".. ... .' .. . .. . .. si'g'l)ifkant unc!eriY,h ig f eature Of n s pltmnjng'Js All. ....... :..:" . ,:d ,., : . .... ' ::. .. . . ', . . .. .. : . : ' .. :.. . ... ; . . .... ; ..... ' (' . . . . . : . . . .. . .. ....... . ... ........ : . .. :: .. ....... . ,;! ... .. ... .' .,"L ... . !,' t , : . .. . ; : 'vt .. ';_. : J. . . . .

PAGE 9

transportation agencies to acknowledge the importance of ITS as a tool for solving transportation problems. In order for the integration of ITS Into the transportation planning process to be meaningful, beneficial, and permanent, transportation planners must be willing to fully commit to and engage in new consensus-building activities for ITS, such as: : Promote ITS integration and incorporate into regular job duties : Actively participate in meetings of the local ITS Subcommittee of the MPO Technical Advisory Committee : Make ITS consensus-building presentations to other agencies, businesses, and community groups ! Regularly communicate with elected officials and management to secure ITS commitments of cooperation, funding, and overall support : Work to develop partnerships with the private sector, where appropriate : Ensure the project development process is consistent with the regional ITS architecture, and that ITS-related proJects or enhancements are assessed and compared In a consistent equitable manner : Promote continuing communication among participating agencies and private sector partners ! Maintain credibility with elected officials and the public by keeping a "customer orientation" with the delivery of ITS projects (i.e., provide evidence that a useful service Is being provided) vi ii

PAGE 10

. .. . .. . : . . . .. ' .. .. ._ .. . .. . : ' . . . . : .' . a , emphaSls of. ' .ITS. . . ,. . ,. . ; .. , 8 , ' .. , o, 0 1 :,. 0 :. .... " :;> ... t ',' 0 ', . .. .. Ji'CS nidst with other. proble_ m,., wlth. .': .. .. ".. .... ...... .: .... .. .. .. ... . . < ' .. . .. . I .. ' .. .. .. : .... . . .. .. ,.._. .. , .. .. . . : . . . . . . ,. ... .. .. . .. ' .. .. . . :: ' . .< ' . . .. ... : t .. : .. .. '. .. .. . . ,. ': . .. ' . .. . ' .. . ... . . .. .. .. . .. ' ... .. .. ' .' .. . ... ... .. ' .. : . '"' .. . ; -,. .. ... r . .' . .' . . I ., ' . .. . ., ... .. . : . . . . '. . ... . ... ....... ... . ' .. '. . ... .. .' ' .. .. . ..... .. . .... . . . .. , .. .. .. . . .. ; I . 1: . .. .. ... . ' .. . .... c ' ... .', ... .. .. ... . .. ... ... ,' . : . . .. ' . ; ... ' .. .. ... 1 . . ... . ' .. . . '. . . ... ,. ; . .. . . . ..... : / .. .. . ., \ t' . . ,. ......... \ . ' ........ . . -.. ... ., ... ' .. .. ... "" , . .-: ' > ... . . . ' . . .. . .: . , ' .. : . .. \ ' . ... .. , . . .. . . .'' . ' .. . ' ... . . .. ... . ... . . :; '. ,. '"'; .. . . t . . . . . ' ' .. . ' . . .. .. .. .. . J . .. . . .. t . . ' . .. '. . . .. . :.. .. .. ... ; : . . . : .. .... \ ... . . .. .. . ... .. : .. '. . ,, : . . . .. ... .. . .. .. .. : . . .. .. . I . .. .. ... : .> .. .. .. .... .. . ' ,. . ... .. . ' .. .. .. .. . ., ... . .. . : _.. I .. ... -' ' ... . . .. .. > 'I ' l .. .. . .. ,. . .. l, . : . ., . ,' .-; . ... :' . .. . .. . .. . . lX \

PAGE 11

this page IS blank

PAGE 12

.. . : ... :.. . . . 0. . .. . . 0 ,. . . .. . .. . . . . . . ...... ;........ .. .,., . . .. : .. . ... ... ... -.... .. .. . . . . . ,, . . . .. . . .. . .. : .-: v : : . . ... .. ... . ''j .. .... . .... ' ... .. : '\' .. : . ...... ... .. ... . . . . ". . I . . . . . . . ,. .. . . -: .' : ..-.,. > NTltODUCTION : : : j ... : : ;::-. , ... ... ... .. ", .... . :/ .,.'.. ., . ." . '. . o : '.' ' , ,,, , ,, "' o ';' '' ,.' ; ' ,' I ' '''' , t o' ,,,,, ',,.,,,, l o . . . : : . ... ... ....... .:. ..,the earix :a9q.: of: ITS:. : : : ...... . . . . .t . . ... .. ... spniulatefj ratf)er. .S)'Stell)atic ., : ' ' ., .......... "' '\ .. 'or. itate . : ' I : .' .' ' ' ' ' ' \ ' o has. not always I;Jeen conn.ected to a tran:spqrtatlorf pr:oblem. .... ,.,o,' I ''1 ... ' <'''oo',o,' ' . l or:::need; or., ,the.: of ,.. ; \ .', C,' .,' _,.., .... .. : . tran$j)orcitlor1 As. :;J: there b;rs'been : ' . ... ,.... .... . . .. . . ' : . : . . . . . -. . ,. .... ...... . . ,. . ... ii _,gehera l Ja!=k Qf :understanding_,: regarding _the. of .: : + ... ,. . ; r l 1 : 1 ', -t ' t,' < ; , o 'l ..; ' ,.' ' ' ' '\ r ; ; .,. : ...... .... ... ... : .. ,,: . ;,:.... . .... ;' :. :to the,. I and within :i=lorlda' . : , .' of ; ,' I ,'' , : ._ , _.; ; ,' t \ : of ma\nS.treaming. pf n :s.tnto: .tbe : . ... ..... . . ...... .... ,; . ls .. generill: : : : .. w : ... ..were: . . . . ... . . . ... . . . -. . . "" . . .... :. ..... ........ . ... ,. . : ;;'l"ietrdpofltan>:P,Ianhirig. .'Advisory_ un,cll .:,and,. are . (: .. \ : .:.: . ..... . ... : lrr .. :JTS .. Pia'ri al)q in.' 'the ... # .. Jntegra,tion of 'ITS .. ihto 'the "MPO' :Tran$poi:fa.tion .PJaiuliog:pi-oc.ess ._: .. .. :a; : .. ....... ... ,_, .. .::. .. . ... .. .. . . effort ta .. tefine-the: l>revl ous w9rk :provtalrig.dfrectioih ... : . ., ., .. _.. ... . ..... -:. .... I.T: S into all o(Fto:riciais transpor.t,atiot( piannlng' arid. groitvth .. _... : : . .... .... ".1, : ., ... .... . . of lTS' .. . . . ' .. ' .. . . ., -... 'i:Sr?vid.e dtrediori_ to: and .. state-why; r ' . , whe .. n1 ::and how: tq; cbnsider.' 'JTS,-even what _ITS .applications to . ; ' . ,.,. ... ...... .... . c:;orisider.: -.rne hit(? the= planning'pr
PAGE 13

The ITS Planning Guidelines treat ITS as an Integral element in all aspects of the transportation planning process. Specifically, these guidelines address the following planning issues: ! Consistency with the National ITS Architecture ! Incorporation of ITS User Services ! Relationship of ITS with Mobility Management Plans : ITS Considerations for Corridor Studies ! ITS Planning Impacts on Concurrency Management ! Implications of ITS for Sustainable Transportation and Economic Growth : Comparison of ITS with Non-ITS Improvements xii

PAGE 14

. .. . Guidelines . t r ' , , ., ; ' I ' . .... .. '.... ' \ ; . : \ ,. . : ', . . : .... . ... :: . .' ... :.s .. . . ' . . . . .,. .. : . :-. .,,:. . ..... ; . . .... : .... :. .. . . :\:: : ::. : ,_. : : -.--: < .. :: .... .. .... ...... . .... ,, ....... .... : , ..... ..... . . _; . .... . . . . . . . -::.tHE: Th\NSPO.RtArloN :PJAAAt'N({PRocEss ---. : . ' .. . . . .. . . . .. ' :.: ; : .. : ' ... ,. . . . . .. ' . : . .. ; : . . : ,. . . :: .. .. : . ... . ... .... ..... . . .. .. ( . . . i :,_ : : : ,. ..... ;: : ...... ' ; : : . :.: : . : : ._:.. . ... : .-: : :;.-_ . . . . .. . . . . . . . ... ;, .. . . . . ... . :'. . . : : .'. ..... ;: ... . . . : : .. . :. : ... :.. \ . . .ofJTS -into .tfi.e :trahspprtati9h planning .. .. 1:: Ea_ch MPO the sute :is to: : : - \ f ..... .. . . \ . .. . . .. . . ) . . develop an -to their .long. to 'be with iliQ. .' IYttios .wilt :to :identifY, : . . . .: ... ,,;,; .. . . . ... : the in .. this iijput :rr.om. the!fl: . . . . . . ; . .. ... . ... . . C6nforma11ce_ 'tlli_s.: requ!reme-n(: Will: part '.'>.f the . rO._ r ; th. e :f.ip.'os? : : . . .. . : :,; : . . .. ........ "/ . .: . . . : . ... ) . .. .. : . . . . . . . : .... \ ' . . .. i ... ... 1 t ,' ; . : . . .. :: . ., .. . . .. '. .... ,!' .. . .... . :.-on . Conformity. tn:e -'.National-' I '' I , ,' ' ' the issued (an4 fat.:areas witMut inegiona[ 'ITS .. } . .', . . . . .. .. . .. . .the an.' forJTS.: < : /' '.. : ,., : t i irl': tfat\spo-:tatiot:i. plai;tnlngJora :metropolitan_ remoll, ... ; . . . ,, "' . . . . ' . . . . . it : the: .regio11 .. . . sn1aner_ in an tt)e S.lie of the metropolitaO p(annlng area, boun_danr: : ::. . .... ,_. .. .. ... ....... ' .. . , . . ... . ' .. . . . . . . . . .. '. . . 1 ',. 1 , i I . ..... . . . : . .. . .. ; : ,.; :. .... : ; ; . . ; . .... : !lo .' . : $ \ ... .;. Jut;i!l9, . : . > .;. : . ,-. : smllts,htrill .. ,, ': .. : ... : : :: . ... < ..-'. . . ''; :.. . . . . . . : . : .... .. :. > ... ... ... ' .. , : o\ ,. > I ' . . .... ... . . .. -... .,_. . . . ... . ; ... . o ,# \ > 0 o 0 M ; .,. 0 '.-' "\ . . .. . . .. ' . : ..... .. , ' ; .. , . J .... . . ' :.;, 1.: . . .. . .:.

PAGE 15

ITS Planning Guidelines 1-2 STAT PQLIC.'( The Florida Department of Transportation realized the importance of having a vision that incorporates ITS programs in the 2020 Florida Transportation Plan. It is the state's policy, as stated in the ITS Guiding Principles of the Statewide ITS Strategic Plan, that '/funding priorities should favor those ITS projects which are consistent with state and national ITS architecture and standards". IN. THE MfQ a,A.NNING The key to incorporating ITS services Into the regional transportation planning process Is not to create a separate process, but rather to fully integrate ITS activities Into the planning process. In urbanized areas greater than 50,000 in population (which includes over 90 percent of the population in the state of Florida) Metropolitan Planning Organizations are responsible for conducting the transportation planning process. Current federal statutes require incorporation of seven factors Into the planning activities of Metropolitan Planning Organizations. 3 These seven factors can be addressed by the application of a number of ITS User Services, described later in this section of the ITS Planning Guidelines and shown in Table 2. 3 Public law I 05-178, Section 1203-f, June 9, 1998. 2

PAGE 16

.. .. . \ . . . . ,. , .... :- .. .. . -. . . . . . ..... ... . .... :. : '.: t :J. t IT$' . :.:. . / . :. .. . :.' .' ._.< . '/: : . : ......... .. . , . : . . : : .. . \ . . . : .'. . .... : . . . : . : : . : . . / .. . . ... . '( . . ' . .. is:io be ..... : : ;,, ,; .1, _.' . pr<)felfts : in ; ltidMdual : wor. k in the : .. > , .. : ;.,\ . .... Long . . aiid : .the t.raiisJ?ot:tition: .lmP.roverrienr . ,, ... . : ... '; . "t,. .... Program (TIPJ :'. 'The level' of MPO involvement: .w!JJ , v , '' ' ( , + , : , .on. ;staffing, .. funding .. W..tli : . . . . \ . ' . ...:, ,. ...... ... . . :; also :depend 'po: the .existing and projected future. ; ', : { , ' { ' : o : : I : ' . : . I"fS ,iJs'ef: within, the atia.the '.curren(. : ... . : ...... .:. .. . . . . .and. : -MPQ : . . . : : : : : : ; : : ,. ..< .... .. . . . : : ............... .. ': '": : . : ...... . : . ; : : .. . .. ' '-t ...... Integration of ITS)oto .. .. .... .... ,., t .... ;:., .Maiin:ain i nventocy.o.fcurrent ITS:p:ro;ectslapplications:_. :. : < ... ( ... : : :.... \ : : ,patabase .. :c 0 0 0 :' 0 .. o > # 0 : # : # H 0 ' 0' ; # 0 0 : 'n' '.-' ,o, ' .''" ,. ' '', ; ,''.>,'' I ', .,,,'> ,. '." . .. .... ... ... }' . :-;: : :'; . ,.. ' ..... . 'f .. -.' ... . .: :. ; . ,1 '. ; : : ' ... : #',o : .".' ; : ... ... .. . .... ; . : / . ... . ; . . . . . . "'.. :. ( ... . . . : . . : : ' . . . : . . . . .. . .. ,, . # ... .' . . : ::. t .. . . . . .. : : ... .1,' . .. .. .... . . . . . ' . .. : . , . ... . . . . . . \ . . ... . . ; <.'.,. : M : 0 ,, ...... ,; . >"':. ' > : -''. : 0 ,. ; # '-' ' .: .:. . . . . :. : .... \ ., ; : : M _.. r . ... 1 . .. .' ;. -. ': . . . : ", .. . .... . .. . . ... . . . . : .. . . t '. '. . ... . .. -.. .; ... . . ' . . .: : : . : . c t . -. . . ' . .

PAGE 17

ITS Planning Guidelines 4 I .J.2 The Unified Planning Work Program (UPWP) The program describes all transportation planning activities to be undertaken within the region, along with appropriate budget information. It also includes descriptions and budgets related to special planning studies that may be undertaken, including major investment studies, corridor studies, and any other technical studies that may be undertaken by the MPO as part of the transportation planning process. As it relates to ITS planning, the UPWP should also contain all the MPO's ITS planning activities, including the identification of studies to develop alternative funding strategies for ITS deployment. I .J.J Long Range Transportation Plan MPOs are also responsible for preparing a long range transportation plan, which forecasts transportation demand, transportation needs and cost feasible improvements over a twenty-year planning period. ITS can have a vital role in both the financially constrained transportation plan and in the long range plan vision. For example, ITS enhancements to conventional transportation improvements can be developed to reduce the project's life-cycle costs as well as maximize the use of existing facilities and services. ITS features can be considered as separate projects or in conjunction with capacity projects. When costing out ITS projects for the cost feasible plan, the life cycle cost should be used.

PAGE 18

. \ ... . ... .... , : >. <: .. : ... "' ., .. . / . , .... .,.,, ... ' I ..... : . ' . ; .:;: \ ; . .' I. !, : : ' . . . : . = ... . .. .::; .... i ..... .. . .' ...... ,. : > .. ';.. '" I ' . .... \ ..... . , /: ... . . : . < ' ,. .' ' I ; ,<10 .. .. ' < ;-, ... >.: :: o' ,'.-' : ',;-' '", l ', \' ,'' I ." " .' ,, ' l .. .. : .. { ... : . . '' ..... . ..... .;, , . \ : ." are also: responsible 'for -preparing a TIP: :thafbalanc-es:.' : ,;'' .:, . . . . ) f . ... ;; : :;..::.: Priorities: ... . : :witJ1. . ffindrni )or. :,: .rw. -:: . ... .. ( .......... ' ... : e5sei'ltja1JY.:. a < ;j)f jm)ject;s: :tlia-t .. . :. : . : ,.' : ... . . : l .... . . ........ \ : .. . resoinces '.' spe<;:ifk: project':: : and : : . ..... ... _.\;.; . .. : -; . ... .. . . .'. activities:. : TIP . de\te(opmenf 'defines tije .. l ,; .. ,. , j ,,ocal: .-'J"S ... : .... :::reduce:.' tO,sts :and . :::: : . . ... .. . . ' ,; . . . '.... . .. . .. . : ... :,: U.tiliiatio. n rexistl'l1g additional ,_ : : in 'the:ftP. ... . : < :the.ieitonal :be ':defined' as' its : . t; ... :;: ... : : .. ... : ,:. .r ... . / . :;.; ; . .-t.\ . . . -. . . . \ .. . . . . . ... . ' . . . . . : .; ... ':. _._, :. .. .... .. t . . \ ;. ... : .. "".":;. > : ... ; { .'. . .. . .. : ; '.!, .,, : .. : : . :.:: ... ... .:- . ' .t,. .. ; ,... ' . .. / ; : .. ':" : \ : .... ,' : ; .. : .. :' : '.. ,; .IJ ; : ( ..... : : . ..... : : ... _.: : . : ..... = > .... _-, < .. :"' ........ :.,. : } : : ..... ........ .. ........ : -..... .;. . ( ; . ; ...... .... .... .. .; ... ''jo ,. .., . . . : .' . : . . : . : .. . : -: ; . , ,,\, 1 . : quality . ; ( f"ilinj(to ; :n:i:eet : . ,., ... ..... ' : ... : . ; . ., : . /: :_ :the .A!i": .. ' ' I : ', : J; : .. .. p erfor m a .to ... ' ' I : : : ; : ... approyef plans: ... ... . . conform the' current. fil'ture' :pr the arr,.: ' t o I 'I ' ' t ' ' ' : _., JquaJit : . >', '? <' -. I , + l F :\' ,, I .' . . for in Cofonido regio_nal use onTS has , ,' ,; : I ., 1 ' ' : , ,.' i ., 1 : : ' .. : .. ater;J,ge by 20 : . . ,. . ' . . : ,,. >' \ ' ,'' :, :,'. o : : ; ,.' .. ,",. :, : I::: .' : ' ... .'' ....... \ ... ..... ; _.,; .. . : . .' ... ......... . . . : . . . ... . . I : : I .; ;>: I ,... I : .:' : ._ '. ' . . .. :. . . . . . . :. : : . . : . . . : .. '.'.'. . : : . . . . .... .... .. >' . . t . .. ,;_. .. : .. , . : ... .., ; . : ; :; . : :; . .. ; . ,, .. . . # ; ; : ; :. :. :;' :. ... .' \ : .... ....... \ . .... . >. , /0 ' .', I ' : 0 \ I I' ' ; ; ... ... ., : .. \ ,. I' >... ... I 1 ( A f ,. , ,,. , : \ ' .' . . " .. . ; . . : .. ', ,, ..... .. . : . ',:... . . . . .. . , . ' ,. .. . ,. . . ..... : .. ; ; . : . \ 0 > 'o > 0 0 0 > ,' : 0 0 0 ' ' 0 r l ' l ' ,, I f .. ' \ ..:. \, .... : : .... ... :, : ' ... : . . : : : : ,:':. ... .-.:._ . .... ... ............ .. .. -. . . : : ':::. . .:.. . . , . . ' . . ... . ... . . . ., ., (' ... ........... : ... 'I' ';' '('' ... . .. : :.:, : .. . . .. .. "' ... '5 .' .. . . ... . . .

PAGE 19

ITS Planning Guidelines to an annual emission reduction of one million kilograms of carbon monoxide. 4 1.3.6 Traffic Data Collection/Traffic Surveillance MPOs make extensive use of data reflecting current conditions. These data are especially important for purposes of calibrating models used to forecast future conditions. They are also extremely important for purposes of the congestion management systems and for prioritizing projects in the Transportation Improvement Program. Advancements in sensor and communication technologies would greatly enhance the process by making it much easier to monitor existing conditions. Many times traffic performance data is not kept up to date because of the labor-intensive nature of traditional data collection. ITS technologies can accomplish more robust sampling more often at less cost in the long run. l.J.l Forecasting Impacts of ITS To perform its necessary function, MPOs are required to forecast anticipated levels of development and economic activity at least twenty years into the future. These forecasts form the basis of defining anticipated future transportation system requirements. Anticipated ITS impacts also need to be defined and evaluated. Two ITS planning analysis (benefits MPO Monitor, a newsletter published by the Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations, January /February 1999. 6

PAGE 20

. . . ' I ' ' ...... \ .;: .. .' . . . . : .. ' ' I '.: '.' ,o' ': : .:' :; ' ' '' : > ,, , ; ; : ITS Plan/ling .... . . . . '. . : . ', ' , , '' ,. : I ; . : ; have . . tdAate; and: . : ... ,oA" .... ... .... ,_... . . . . < . .:: . . 'J"'\J.. ; . . ......... ':.: ." '.' : t ,. ... .... ::, \ : ... ':: '. . . .. .\:.:. ,.; ... .:: : < .' . : : . ; .. :. : _':. . .' : ': ... .. J , > ... . . ''.' : . : : .. '\ ... : . .. : . :'' : .. . . : ITS); is a :an.aly$is, tool fOr t . . ' ;r. ' . / user of;: httelJigerit . 'Transportation--,:. .. I ,' ; . . . :. ' <- 4 ' ; .:.Systems' (JTS).: '.'It is. i(ltenCJed,as .. a ...... . . . . . .. . : . . . . 1leve{' .. analysis toli>l for allowing to obulri aifinitial: . . . i . . . : : . : . '> : ...... .. :... ; ': > : indiCati9n of .the possible ben'eflts of. varlousATS. appJicadohs. I ; _. ' ' I ( ' : 1us f9r detailed analysiS; : : .... : : .': ... , , ', 0 o I r .1 ' 0 . .... ,.:: . . . ,.. . r . ' I '' ' : :... I ., ' : .. ' ::, : .. : ' ' ' .. ' \ :" ,, .. .. ,,' . . .L.. : . . . : . . '.. ,.. ''. . '. .'' . ' > i 'st.RITS was-:deve(opecf in :response 'to. ilie fpr-'$impllfted. . , I) :: ', ', , , 0 I ,'<; ; ' , < ' ' 0 :, planntng,. .the. : 1 : ,.. < contxt o.r: either," a :.ITS a toi:rl.dod suparea .. . stuity,: or . . .... deveiqped 'based on' prii)djjJesf.'.: .: . ,:; > . : . ... ... ,., . .:. . ... .. , : ...... . \ : .: . ; , . i ' .... : : . : . .. . . . . .. . . ' .. ' : . . .' . ;. . : :I. I .. .... -:. analysis' : resuits. . ;shQqtd : :b,e . :with . ; . . . . . .' . .... ....... t .. ; .. . : .' using t}tpes of '.: ::. :-toots; sut'h, ; as : .. models <,>r ..' ; : : :.' :: ,th :::, . ; . ;::ssRr;rt .. ba.seune: :rro.m. : .. :. : . : focaJ;.s.ourc;:es. F9r anjnalyst' rpay. the ... . ; \ . . ' . . . ' : . . . .._ : . :: ,oliti>u(from de,mand :model -:( e;,.g. .. : of travel. ('vMT): and\iehide {.)/)it)) . : . ... .-... . .. ... : ..... ,sc R IT.. 'C' : ... . : : : ... .. ... : : :/ .. 7 as mput ta . . . . . . ... . .. ... . . :. , ,,. . ... i ... : . . . . . .. ' . . ,. The varioqs ITS : appf.ications Be . : : : thai .. Qff these .. VMT .. . . . ' . :. . . .. . ,.. . . ; . . ... .: . to. : estimate.:diffej:ences would .oci:ur 'ln 'VMT and/ or' .' : . ::, . : -.. . .( .. .4: : : ... : ; . . -: . . . , (' ,;, ... ) ,. ' : ' '.;' : ; f . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .,. : : ... > : ..... '. : ( . . . ; . . . : ... ;. ........ ; . : ' ... . .... . .. ' . . . ' . : ' : .. . -. . .. ... . ... .\ . .. .. ,,.. . . ... ' 0 > M 0 ,. '' 0 7 > I. : . . .. .

PAGE 21

ITS Planning Guidelines 8 VHT if those ITS applications were employed. This approach ensures that the results will be comparable to other analysis methods that are possibly being used in corridor/subarea or regional studies using the same travel demand model. However, some of the ITS applications require independent estimates of changes in VMT, VHT, or other statistics. : The analysis should be adaptable to regional, corridor, facility, and subarea scales. Some analysts may desire planning-level estimates that cover the entire region. Others may wish to focus on an individual facility. SCRITS has been designed with flexibility for the user to specify the geographic/facility coverage, but the analyst must provide the baseline data consistent with the areas/facilities being analyzed. : The analysis should produce estimates of benefit on a daily basis. These estimates should be expandable to an annual basis to enable calculations of economic benefit and cQmparisons to cost. SCRITS is therefore designed around daily analyses. Peak hour or peak period analyses are limited to ramp metering, which is targeted mainly to those periods. The analyst must recognize that there is a great deal of uncertainty regarding the effects of ITS applications. For example, few regions have good data on average duration of traffic incidents or the amount of delay caused by those Incidents. In addition, little is known about the degree to

PAGE 22

. . ' . : . . ' . :.. . . . . ..... .. ": ,, . . '-.... . , .. . . . : ITS . . .. . .. .. .......... ... ; . ... <( ... \ : . .. ,.,.. ' . . ., . . . ... . J : .. ' \ : .: .' :which Jnddeot .strategies t M duration of "'' ).., . .... .... . . ' : . ifich:lentS. or. .i-n.otoristsf their route;' or . I .,, , '-' .<. : : AlthQugl'( .is improVir.tg1 .. , .. . ,,. . . . : : .. . required > : to ) ,.analysis . of JTS . ' . .... ... . .. . . : -applications>. Everi tnore sopJ;(sticated Wiif'be :subiect'< ' ;, 't I : : : . : (o. : ma_n.y_' Pf: : . . . $CR!TS . tohsider .coridu'ctipg analyses : . .. ., . : .:; ...... : : to . a range ofinpOt assumptions .. , : . ... : .. ; . ; ... . ., . . . . . . . . . ,' ; . . :( .. ' . .. : : .. .. : . .. ',. : .. .: ... ,' . : ... , .. ' . ,. ... ; ' .. . . . , : .... '\ :: . .. . .. ., ) . . .. ; . . :: :<. oJtije ... . .... . . .. . .&o l l o w ,n ... ... ; : .: -. ,. .. : ... . : II . '< .. . . . :;. : . .. .... ." : :. .. .. : ._,: ..... : . -. ... ' ( . . . . ' .. . . . . . . . . . . ; ' ..... . . . . ,. : . . , ... . .... . . . : ) : benefitS.for the of J .-.. ..... , ><. transportatlotf :in : torridor/subarea: .. .. : : : -snidles, od1er .' . 9f: ttansporJtiori: .. > ' .. : ... ( .. st ud"&>s >:: ,.., : ; : :: . . .... ""> I J < , f '" ,,;' > . : : -:, :: : . oi rrs .. > . . :. . ...... . ; . : . . (, . : .. :. . .. . : ". ::.SeJi$itivitY; .analysis : of: the of _t:rS: :to. ... .. . ... . : .. . . . . . . . :: : :, ... . . : : .. > .:"'' . '' ... , . . ... . ,.: . .... . ......... .,.. . . . .. . . . . : ... . . . .. . ,: : ,.:. : : ... -.'': . : : ; :. .. .... .: .... : : : .. : < : .': SCRITS :inc,lude; ail evaJuatiop. -Qf evety .... : . t6 ; .foi : .. . ... . . : . , :: '.. , :' . I .. '. : .. , it(the ,vaijable message: signs, A VI::: .: / : : : re;,r TV;etc;), .' .. ,. .. .. : . . . . . . ._; . :.. .. . . . : .... : ' t ! . : , ''.... ; . ...... . : .. . .... . :.. .. .. . .. . . t \ :: Th. e A>riinai:Y.:. : of .. cai!Jttla_ted :.by. . : \,' .. : ,. ........... .. ... \,,' : ::. .v.ary :bY ,:incliyid!Jal : bur: genera!IY-'. : fOIIoWi.rig; : ; .:> . .. : . ; . :.; .. : . . .'.; . : ... . . ; : . . . ... . . . . .. '. . '. .. . . \ . . : ' . ... . . .... . ,> .. '.:.. ;._ .:'.;'. :' : . : ... ....... "' :. ::: :. ...... .. . .. . . . . . . .. . ... ... . . . .... .. .. : . . .... : : . : . . . ' ' .. ,.' . .. . . . . . ... . . .. . ' . . . . . ' . . I > j ',, ' .. . , . ... g . . . . .. .''.

PAGE 23

ITS Planning Guidelines : changes in VHT (for most applications) : changes in VMT, where applicable : changes in emissions (CO, NOx, HC), where applicable : changes in vehicle operating costs, where applicable : changes in energy consumption, where applicable : changes In the number of accidents, where applicable : economic benefit and benefit/cost ratio (for most applications) SCRITS is a free download and can be obtained from the following website: http://www.fhwa dot.gov/steam/scrits.htm IDAS (ITS Deployment Analysis System5 ) is an ITS sketch planning analysis tool, designed for transportation planners from MPOs and state DOTs for use in the estimation of the impacts, benefits, and costs resulting from the deployment of ITS components. IDAS operates as a "post processor" to travel demand models and although a sketch planning tool, IDAS incorporates the modal split and traffic assignment output associated with a traditional planning model. Developed by Federal Highway Administration, IDAS quantifies the impacts of ITS infrastructure improvements throughout a transportation network. It focuses on how an ITS project or projects effect: 5 Source: IOAS Brochure, Federal Highway A d m inistration, May 2000. 10

PAGE 24

. . . : ' # .. . . . _. ' . . .. . '' ' ' . ' . ' ( . lr.s' . ... ' ,.. . _.. : ' ' " '' I ... ' . : .. : .. , .' : ,, .... 4 :. ---. .. ::the. . frequ:enGY :and :of.: recurring. and .. : : ' :::, '. :.:: 1 ... ,.: ,- \ : < : : ':.re!=UtrhJgcongestion.; .. ;' ."' ._:-: : r . : . -, . ' ,. . : : .J .. : : .. _. !t;-arid Qrf:all tbe Ur.iks ai')d ri6des tn ; ,. . . ,1; .. . . :. ....... . ". : , .. ... .. .: :1 . ana area . : . : . : : 0 0 O f 0 '> I o J ', : , < ,. ' , 0 ',\' .,.: .. .p-:ublt'c' s""ety .-.-:: ... '" ... ..... . :.. 0 , d.lt / ,o', \ .,: I o ' , 0 ' ; 0 ',; : 0 0 0 / ... 0 :, 0 0 I I ', ,, , < <>' ' : : 0 ( , ' I -.. < ;_sudj a.S emissiqns .. noise .... \ -. : _ :; .: and. : .-: : ,'," , ( . .......... ... ........ ,.. ... . . :.-agency efflC;!eilcy and-Sy:stem reliability ; . .: . : -// : : :. : . . . . .' ,. , :. .,, r ' , , / . . .: : .. '' 0 I ' .. ... .... : : . .: ... . ) : l .: .... ....... .. . : ': ... : 1-.: . .. : ...... . : : .. ; \ : .. .. -.. 'IPAS. has a .rnimber.of addition'al features' sudtas:--'. . ,. . . . . . . . . . : : . , . . ,,, '',I ' o o : '',,' \ < .-, I \ ''(' , . . ... . ...... .. ,.' I ' ,, >' ',-:, ' ' ,' I o .... < : : '' ' \ o I ' . ; } ... ' '' . : .. ..... :. . : . . . < . . : . : . '.. . ! 'calculates benefifcost ratios -:,, -' : < .. : . ; :. --: . "-' I' ,,, ' J ' , f. : ,.,: , : ,.. ',!' "' \ . ;-. rr.s :: . : .. .. ... : .. .. .. .: :_. ,;. : : :.... : .. : : : ... : ... : ... .' .. : : ,. ,. ' ' ' ' I r1 .' ,.. I., )1', I ; :,-\ ! .. oflmprqvenie(\t$:. . / : : . . : : . . . . .. \ . . . . : : . 'Pio'!i4es 'an'd. . . .. : : ; . ... . . : 1: . : . ' ) ..... : : \ ., : : i . : : :_:i: . ',. .-. ,,.. . . .'. : _ . ... ' ... .: _' ., , ,: s,truttiiie to.::: :. .. .! . > ..... 'l. . . : JTr' . . ... . . . . . I '. } .ncorporate .. . . : . . .. .. : : . ,l, j "' : .. ) . .... .. .' : .... .. ... .... . : .: : . . :. . : .. : .... . . : ; , . ' . :: :In.: tariy,fQg qut . ihe :--prii:J.lary : ; .. '= ; . .... . : .... '!',;,, ,. . ,., .. , .. . , : ; .. 'fPI:Um . by : .... <.1' ' ' ,' ._ .. ' .. ,' )' : ' I .. I ... . ; f . : ... .. ,. . . ' . . . . .. ' . .. :. . ; :'. ( < .. ' .. : . ' .. . ' :... . : : ... . . : ... ' . .,., . .. ',' . . ' : . . .. I : ' : 11 < v 1 J .

PAGE 25

ITS Planning Guidelines 12 officials. Generally, MPOs make extensive use of advisory committees that reflect various stakeholder interests. Typically the MPO includes a technical advisory committee comprising representatives of local government planning departments, traffic engineering departments, transit operators, port authorities, aviation authorities and others. The technical committee normally assists the MPO staff in defining issues and proposing solutions for consideration by the MPO members. In addition, MPOs typically have citizens advisory committees, which encourage lay citizen participation in the planning process. Many MPOs Include special advisory committees for issues such as bicycle and pedestrian concerns, air quality issues, economic development issues and other issues that are of local concern and need. The key for MPOs to fully integrate feasible ITS into both the planning process and selection of projects is to assure that identification and assessment of ITS is given full consideration throughout the planning process. If ITS is to be given full consideration, elected officials and technical staffs must be aware of all of the available ITS tools (User Services). One possible method of enhancing this objective might be the creation, within the current MPO structure, of an ITS subcommittee similar to the bicycle/pedestrian subcommittees that currently exist in most MPOs. This subcommittee can function as a technical advisory group, stakeholder group, or both. The purpose of an ITS subcommittee would be to assure that ITS is not overlooked throughout the planning and project

PAGE 26

: ' : . ' . . . : ' . . . . ,; . .: . . . . ... . . . .. . . ... .. ; . : . .... ) . ,:' . t, . ,'\t": ..,. . . :':: implementation . This cai1-he a .subset. of:, ... ': .. ' , '' '., : : .', t' ',. I ': : : '' ' ; ' .:', ,,; ;:: .. .. t,, .. ; .... . : .. ::who also. ii.lefltifying. and. .the: : . ; , , ,' , ' ' '':," ":: .I:. .-.. .. ... , .. . . :bepefits::of / < ' ' . 'hanQ, ;rr n.of _the. extsttngJ Ac, ... . ' . ' . \ . , . . ..-a : separate .. lTS shoufdand:: ... ..:::. > :. .. l ::. recommend the best ITS solutians . ; .. _;. : < . . . . ' . \ ......... . .... ; ' ' ' ' ' ' I .':. . . .... : . . .: ::' ... .' ... : : ... '.:. : ... : ' ,. : . ... ... . .. . , .' '-: t .,_The .QLa is.fi9,t neW Afthe : > ' ' ' '' _. \ : ' ' ' ' ' : ' ' I ' ' .. : reques:t .Of the state departments. of trahspo.rtatip.n of Maryland; ' .. ...... '. '.. : . ' t .,. : ... ' .' .. .. :, > .VirgioiL:mc;L'the jfli.s :_ < :.Fort e liaff)i:ovided torunt'for : ' , ' '\ ,. ., I . \ ' '' . : ' . . . 7 . '. . ' : :on ITS. and' issues.: : Tti,s Task. F.orce,_re p 'ortf :=. : to MP:O . .. ,l > ' ,.. . . . . (<, \ .. :. (l)atters. Over. .safety : .' r , ., , ' ' ' ,,,'J. '. I ' . : :from. aroqrid :\vasnin,gtoo, : D C reii(.m: .. : . \ t ) ... <... .. ) . ... ori _,'fi:le Task, Jorce js :hne df.the mcist : : :the.' comfuittee.S;< . r ... t . . . . . . : . . : . . . . , .... . !: ... . .. ; : re_gioi;lal; statei fede.::alagencies, as . : as .. h . : . .. . . . . ' . . . . :is .. < .. i=orce. also a ... : . . .. . ' . .. . . .. . . . . . fiave -fostere(HeasibltdTS deployment..in the are;l." : ... ,! : . ; ... : . . . ; . . : . . ..... : . . . : )' . : , . :. . . ' . . :.. ': . . . , . ,.., . ... . .: .,. \ ,'> ... t \ .. .. : ...... . (' . ... . . . . . .. : 6 "inside ITS at -a Planning Organizatio n Andrew.'Meese; M ... ... ; ......... : . . \ .. ... . . ay-. t ; , page_ :?-'. . : ... . .. : : : .' . : . , f ' ' I ' '! :' ' ' I' '\, ' '' , ',..' .:' ; ; ., -,> ,' ' . . : ' . ' : . . . '... : ' .. .... "' <\, ... ' ' I , . . . . : . . . ''\ L : ' : ."' ... 1p: ....... . . ;

PAGE 27

ITS Planning Guidelines In Florida, at METROPLAN ORLANDO, the Metropolitan Planning Organization for the Orlando Urbanized Area has created an Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Subcommittee of its Transportation Technical Committee (TTC). The role of the ITS Subcommittee is to investigate and report on specific ITS topics of interest to the Orlando Urbanized Area. Members of the Subcommittee are designated from the TTC membership annually; broad representation from jurisdictions and agencies in the area is encouraged. The Subcommittee convenes quarterly meetings to discuss ITS projects, deployment activities and emerging products and services. Typically, a status report on an ITS project in the area is featured on the agenda for discussion. A report of the meeting is provided to the TTC during Its monthly meeting. The Subcommittee played an active role in selecting an ITS Study Steering Committee to review the progress and work on the Metro Orlando ITS Plan, the deployment plan and system architecture for the area. Additionally, the Subcommittee has created the Cutting Edge newsletter and adding an ITS link to the METROPLAN ORLANDO Web site. The Subcommittee has also been successful in modifying the funding category in TIP for Congestion Mitigation Systems (CMS) to include ITS. 1 4 The Miami-Dade ITS Coordinating Committee was created as a Standing Committee of the TPC. The ITS Committee was initially comprised of representatives from the Miami-Dade

PAGE 28

.. . .. .. : .. . . . : . : . ,,''.,.'-: ::.: . : . : . f . t :, . : : . : : ; : .. ; . ... . . . . : . . ' . . .... , . .. .,. . .. .. . . . . : . . ... .... : :_ .. : : .; ,. . : :.: . .... .. . -. . . . . . . ... . - ;> ( : . : .. C ,' . ; ,-... :-MPO, fOOT, . "Public: .TpR.ail,. Deparanenf :of:'. . . . .. . . . . . '. . . , . . . .ErivironmentaJ.;-Regilta'tiC;n arid. Mahagemeiii . .. Dade1 ,. \ ' .... ... ; < : ' ( : _,. : Oleaiue' : Gf .-.Miami-Dade-.;; Transit .. Agen-cy ,. : '"' . . '( . ' ... -, . . . . . < JMP:i A)/ . s : Trarisp.oJf.itiqn',-: .. ., ,, . , .... .: ; : . .. :.:Research.TQday. it .. nas representatJVes from '.Mlamr.: '> ' \ ' ,; ; ' ' ',' ' .,.. I "'' ' ' ' '' '' ' ... ., . . . , . .. ; .. . . . .- : : Infor.n1ation Tehn<){ogy Depat1menf ( IJD. >, (::ornpapy ; ,. .. _: ., 5 -,_, : D _is'triCi-; : , ' ' : I '/ < l . : , AutbontY; Miami h'lternational Airp ort; : and the:Pqrt: or MiamL: ,_. : . .... ... .. \ ; ... . . : ... :'-. . : . . '::. .... . :. ,The co,mitiittee: has participated 'iti. .the preparation of the : . i : , '' !<' .. .,, . . ..... , .. . ' _., '.,. ', I ''/'' d . : :: ITS. Plan; suppprted:_ advancement : of: A TlS' projects ' ; ' , <" , , : I .. _:: :; if:S:. : a . '' .. :o'f to .fadlltate an:t<>.ng> : : . : ..... . \ "' ... : . :. -:. ... . . :participating :agenctes regional :;levels -l'he ha$' : : '. ( ,, t , : _:,rron\ >an' initial ; reviewing:: ;rte. :tO.: .more :.' dyrtamk . . .. . . . .. ', ; \ :. . . . : .: ,: . a: : .(oc_cil:. ... :. ... : ,. : 1 ... ., . .' -pub)iC/pdyate agreem'endor . NetWork sfiaiihg/ .. .. : .. : . . . ... ' . .. : ...... ,. .... ... . '-.... .... ,. .... . ,._._ . . ., .. . . . . , . .... . ... . . . . . : : : ; ,. , .. .. : .,.' ',l '..... : '-. NE:Wfy:formed :ITS : subcQmmittees should: :reflect -a: :broad,--; I' ( .. .. . . . .. > . . ' . . : diVerse tollection:of stakeholders in:JTS.: Consideration: should.,. . .... . . ,' . \' . ... \ . . . '' I ' ,,, I ' { ' ' 0 !' , 0 ' . . f):qrif the private sectqr. .. : "'' I,, '" >( ;:: as well.as con.sumer . :i"Cioding ,_. .. ; . , \ r ,. l , . . .. ::. advi$6ry : ': '.: : .. ; . > : ) :::-_. .:. : ... :, : : "': : / ; ' . l : : . .... . ' \.. : . . , ; . . : -... ,. ,.: .; . .... ,, _,.:, .. . : . ... :' . :': . ... : . , : ... ..... . . .,, .. . '.: ' .' : I . . ._ :, .. : . ... . . ; ; .. . .. , . .. . ; ('' . . , . . . . . . . : . ;, .. . . . ... . ,, . .. : / I'; '')"' ... .. ( . . . .. . . . : . . . . .... ..... .' . ... . . ' : . . . ... ... . { ; -.. 'I . : . t. . -: .:. .... "" : . . . .. .... . ; . . : . .. . .. : .' .. : .. .. : : : : : : : ...... : > :-:.: < . ::" . :..: -: .. . ; ... .. _:: .. . .,,. . . ... . ... ' . . -,. , I ' . . 1 ,' '-',, , I ., , 1 ,' ., , l ,; , ,' 0 ,.. ' < ' V ' < ' 'f ' "- ' . . :. t.,_ .. . .. . t.: . . ... . . . .' . : . . . .. . ; : , ... :: .. ... ; '/ ...... .. .; .. ( . .-:", ........ :.. . ';.._ ...... :::.' ' . \, . . ( . : . . . . : . . . .. .... . . ...... .... ,'.: .. '._. . _ .. _._ _ . ... ; :. I 0 ; 0: 1 ' ' ,\ : ' 0 v :. : .. ':. : ,"',. : 1 .. .... ;: : ... : . .".../ .: . . .. .... . ': :, .... ,' . ... '' ' .. \ , ;,,'.". t : : .. . :. ' . .. . . . . . .. ? < .. ... : 1 : 5 ,. o\

PAGE 29

ITS Planning Guidelines .1.4 .6ND A common way to approach ITS planning is to characterize and focus on the "building blocks" of ITS deployment, or User Services, that best address specific transportation mobility and safety needs. Users can include vehicle drivers, pedestrians, multi modal passengers, fleet operators for passenger and freight, and network operators (those organizations responsible for monitorin8 and controlling transportation systems).7 There is a wide range ol ITS User Services that could be incorporated into transportation solutions developed by MPOs. Table 1 illustrates a listing of the 31 currently recognized User Services, grouped by "bundle" or functionality. Each User Service is also checked for applicability to statewide, regional or corridor architecture (and does not imply any particular priority). User Services denoted by an asterisk are not expected to be provided by the public sector, but can certainly provide a public benefit. 7 11User Acceptance or ITS Products and Services", Charles River Associates, March 1996. 16

PAGE 30

.' . . : . . .. , .. . : . , I . \ . . \ .. : . , . . . .. . . .. ' . .:; : ' . ..-!1-:-111 ........ . ... ..... !I .. .. _ :;=;, I . .. :user: :: .:_ ':. : ' . . ' .... ... ,< : . .. . . . ., .. ...... . T.rave)er .. lhfo:rm_ation : ' .. . ... .. .. .. . . .. . .. ' . . . .. . . .. .. .. >;: .. : .-.. -7r' -:--:-= +:-:-' .. L .;.:.:: .:.., r--':.,--:-'::..."-: 1 .... r ' ,' ''* . . . . = ' : .. . . . . .. : ; . ; ... ... ,., .. _:-. ,. : . : : :: .. :,-_:::;;_: :'.-:. ::. : . .-' ::(.-:.f. . i . =; '_ : \ ..... ... ... . ... .. : . Public, ... . :, l;in'-RouteTra11slf: ... ,. : .. . : .. :: : : : : : i / : ; _. . . : . : > "' . . _.' .. : ... .: Public Transit-': .. : ., . .. :. ... : .. . ... . .. . .. J ' . . . . ,, .. Travel . . t .. ... ,... .v. .; . . '. : : .. : . . .-t/.,''<. : : : : :,c. .. : . ' . ; ...... ': . ":'. ":' r:-. :. f ..... . .;:. .. . .. : .:: . .: ... : . :.:.-', '.' "> '.v .. :: . . .. \ ,. -' . . clecirat\c'e : . : Automated .. ' . ..... ,,.;. . . ... 'Roadside safety : . ... ' . :._ : ". z ._ .. : Y. ; : : . . . .. .. : .. , . . . . . .. .. : .: : .. : On-board. Safely'".-. . > f ... 1: '!: f : . ., .. .. . . . \ ... .. . . < '. . . ; ;' ... . . . .. . . . . ' .. .:. .. ,. . ' .... f . ' I ... .. . . ..... ,. 11 . ....... -. ... ... ....... ' .. . . :, .. ,. .. ... . .. . ' .... .. . .. . ' . . .. . i:r:: ' .. '(,,

PAGE 31

ITS Planning Guidelines User Service User Service Statewide Region Corridor Bundle Commercial Vehicle t/ Administration Commercial Processes Vehicle Hazardous Operations Materials Incident t/ Response Commercial F leet t/ Management Emergency Emergency Not i ficat ion and Personal Securitv* Management Emergency Vehicle Management Longitudinal Collision Avoidance* Latera l Collision Avo i dance* I ntersect i on Collision Advanced Vehicle Avoidance* Vision Safety Systems Enhancement for Crash Avoidance Safety Readiness Pre-Crash Restraint Deployment Automated Vehicle Operations Information Arch i ved Data t/ Mana ement Function . Sources: Sucewlde ITS Scraceglc Plan and Savmg Lwes, Time and Money Usmg ITSITS America. It is can be assumed that as new technologies emerge, their Innovative application potential applications. 18 to transportation will expand this list of As mentioned previously, the list of ITS

PAGE 32

. .. . . # ' . . ' .. . . . . . ( . :. .... ','' ': .:. . . . : . . . . . . . I ,; .. '. .'' : ', :--,' .," : ,'' : ; :' : "' ,, :. ' 1', .. ' \ .User' noted in Table 1 j i s >hlgllly related: :to :the . .... : I f .. .'pia!lhlni' ide n .titied: 2 ,r; a; :.z; : s _e.veral,:.Af: -: . .... . . . . ......... . . .... ... . yehsle 9P.e(a_uons: .:_ Ma6y : Of .'them : si!cutjcy .. : . .apd : l ;' . "'.::: : ,'1. . : -.:. ... "'. ,.4, ...... : . ...... ;mobilitY, ... .. e n e.rg}f and: : : . .. tliere are : .'arid: i.rs . -..J ' : .... ." .... ,,.. 0 . : serviCes.' : . tab l e : 2 .-i aentifies .. iTs user. setViees: that: coi.dd. .... . : ." ..... ..... . . .. .'.' ... ... : : .. ... : ; .. : : : s ,. ' , , , , I\ 0 o 1 o , , ' ... .. ;, : }' ... ,,.!'.' .. . : .: \ . : : : : . . ,. r , , , , -! .... : .. '. :. .. . .. . . ... ,', ,,. ' \ ''M, o l .' ' ,1 , : : Taple.. : .. .: ... _., ; _->. . _:: ,. ... :. if' _.. .. .:.. "' : :. ,_. : ::: .' . ... ::. :: ,'::-:. : . ;.... .. .. .. . . ... . . ..... : ... ; .... ;..: : : : : I"' ' r'' ''' 1 .. : ,"' ,,. 1 "r ... .. .,_.. .... "!: ; .... to' ..... . . . : . . , : . '.; . . : . ; .. : . .. \ ;-r . '. : ; . : <. .. . ..:.. -' -: :..:. .. ; : : . . : ... ., ... .: '. -t. : .. .... ... \ .. ...,, .. v ' .. t '2 . l : . r--.>. 5i . .... . ' ;,5 .c ._ .J: . I ' : : i? D \'.' -,:). ., CO ' ' : ". ... .. .... I t' :i::t'f.(ij ........... . , :sa;:.E (!: ; . .... m 'Q'5j:; g ;=. ""'' C i ,O> t:' ' Ji:;; \,. 0 ._. . l elo -'"" 0 O .. m .aJ co:' O .o; CD .U>. a;. = . ,: 'g'Ee,:::!R'o. . ...... . ...... -E:. ._ o O w e.,. . f = ""'' .0 "0 = U) -., 0 d:J .c "0 :.= # J . ' \:: -"0 C. or. G> A '5< C:: >o 0> C C:: C:: JTS. u se r . . = :.2.,'. ''in: --' !l!'ts: 5: :' 2 f! e-. '2.,i c :;S .. .. Services . ."" E :e. s :8! _g e' & c $ ,. . . . ' ., 8 ..;g!_ 0 8!? e>:.- "'"' : "' I" ''" r:r ' ... ; Q) .:_m. U), E '< .0. "2 Q) 'Q) 2 .@' $ i5. ca CD . } : ... . . ,:, :n;' o ,GJ_ c C. m Q1. a ; 5 .0 "0. c ;.-a:: : 5 c.<> '8"' :5",o : o .e -o. cu. 2 .. ,.,. o. .Eo E g>. co ..., ' ' ., ' ' ' . . o ,;= c: > c G) a. .. .,r::. U) e."ffi' . ..... .... . . < . . , t: ., . CI! ., ., "'""' E c:; ,., ., -j' '" : ' ' 8_= li; 'tl> '1: ,tl>'!ll' .. o - <0' c Cl.. e t : .. \ o ."""7 gj G m o ; J=
PAGE 33

ITS Pla n ning G uidelines C) "' .,., fi'""c: ,., c: > c .: ., cu= ..c::C: c:, Ul u m =0'> ;;: c: ;-lij :0 -"'c: 0 -c: Oij1 E m c: ., f 0 ., c: ., E.Q ., oc:-= e "' 0 t: 0 't)C: 0 c .,u -J:J Cl) s: -o"'m -c: u 1!1 >-., g g: c: "' c:-o -., -g e o OJ!! .. .. ., ., .. ... :; t'O 55 ., i! uo<>. Uc: .,.,o. o .Q (/J C> > il =0 ..c::ll: o .... g 0., -oo-o c:"' c-o roc: c:e E E cQ) :SQ) -c o"'o. Q)c: IT S U s e r Cl. 88 -"' o <0 i!g c: >-c: ::lo S e rvices c: c: Q) .. --0 .,c >-Q) = ... -.. 8 E 2ooo ""' .. e>..c:: g-.. "'"' ii: .,:38 "',.. E Q-..c:: -_(Qg; ..... w"' cvD c Q) c: .. :0 11 .. Q)C: ct: 04> .,w .. a: ... ;;; 8. '8 N .,c:c: Q):= .,., E"' ..c::c: 0 -c:D ,s:;; .Q 0 ..c::m .t:.U>E :IE 4( t:"' o --c: -> c ., w ., .. -c: ., ..c:: 8."' O "' ::oe t;:;: ..c:: Ula; <.> c:: c::Cl. eo. .!:) 0. 0 CCV -o a. c:-D E E w o w X X X X X Te$\,.,,. and X X X X X X X X Pre 1 rave l X X X X Ri d e J and X X X X X 1, X X X X X X X X X X X X X X I P ublic X X X X X X X X X X X X ( Electr oni c X X X X Roads i de X X X X X X X X X Administra ti on Processes X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Notification X X and I !':Ar.llrilv X X X X 20

PAGE 34

. . ... . : : .. .,, . . . . .. . . : . . . . . . . ; . . . .. . .' . : . . . . . ... . . . ... . . ,._, I ' .. . .' . ,, . .. .. . ' { : : ,, I I : . . ,' ': ... ., . ""':' t 0) .. : :: "0 : .:. :;-b.'D C:: ._, 1 ' o{ G) 1:: ''S,: t:;. :6:) ' : ,.a> :a "' t=t a .c '0 ... := m t7) .. '/ '1/J u .. ;$' cu ....,;. ; ;:0 1/J t-., ' 'X c . c::. o ...... .,, o _!. E m

.. .-. m ... II)., o .. . } -co ., E 'rn ., ., ""'' u; -:o .... .. U..oo.m!!>.' li: !h "5. .,.o.. -c,._, .o"" . , . tn' uo > c '0 '. :(o <9! .!'! 5 :< =.,-::. ':Jl:"'"'e>"; . . . _.. 8 "' -'[$!. 0 Q) .. !""' .,, Q) t:: .. . : ,. . ta(nE "":0 ... -Ql' ; ;.2!'E I < '' 0 't"':!' t/), t rQ o C Lo 0 (!) (/) e-'o, .. .. N m m m u a>' c c: O> c::. -0 .. : o P C) G>. c ca . ; . :5 c: .o ::J x:: o o .c. co TcJ QJ \., .m a,.O E .E (IS, ':i ..:::::: , . c: a. ..cV) . e c ; -= .. .-: .. w C> e \.G> (0 (Q 0 E . '+:l C c O:"J Q) .c . ..,. g_ 0 : c. II). 8. f}-(1) tS E 6 .t:t . . :-. . . ..... : ... .. . .g. g.' f:: e '(h .,S!:e : . m :Q) .. . 0 .'. : : ., : Cf)J::s 'OC"' ... .. *-"5,;'#;.' 1 ' .. . E .ra :5o O,.L .. c-.o e ...... . : E : UJ 0 lil ' : ' . _. .. ..... ,,:.; '. : ...... ..... : ... .... :'' .=. :. . . ; ': ...... . .,_: : >:.' .. x ;.:,.... Av01aaos:e : : " . . X ,: . Lafe'ral Collision. : . ... . : ;; .... ,-_ ':. ' _/-' ' A,'\,.: l > AVolaance .:: .. A . .. ... ), .., \.. .. X' .. ; .. . . . : hitei'sectlon Collfsioh ... : x .... -:: .. : ' .. .. x .. ': ,f A;, o ,<'' ' o ,''t, > ' > ' 'o' '' 0 ' Avo1Pance . ,. ,. .. : k :::: . .. ; ,., x : .' CrashAvoidSn c e -.d' ; :_ . ; . .. n . ..... -1 ._,. ,;; .. -+.:-'..; .. 4.._-_' .. :.,. -_.._ .,,f' ;;.-'.:'l<::..-1 : P.fe-CJ!!SI:iResl. l'l!inl ; :,' : : --.1 .. . ;X : . : .. .'' : D!'lDioYinent .. . . ,. :... ... > -. -Atitotnate-d:Vehlcle : ".,. x x: ... ":X ... x : .' .... . :oo arafiOns. .. . : .. .:: .'. : :. -. .... ...... . ; : '"';: . Archived ..... '.. .... ; X "X ..... .--.x. .' .. .- : ............ : , <' .... .. _. : ( ' : : / . .:.-, :0: : , .' ; ; : . . . ' : ,. : : '. I : : .' :; .-' .'. ;,:' .': .:': of.' n;s. lntlle: _: ..... . : , ; . < ;.:. ": ,;, ..' actual .planriirig' : process itseff,, espeCially h't. : .the : area' of . data-- ' I "' .'' ', :-. ' '-.,, '', '. i ( 'I";> ' .. :re<:ept ' / ,' ' f' J \ .', . ... ;, ; .. .' . ' \ .......... . '. . ... . 21:

PAGE 35

this page IS blank

PAGE 36

this page IS blank

PAGE 37

ITS Planning Guidelines congestion caused by non-recurring congestion (incidents), by providing for a more timely verification of and response to Incidents. Finally, ITS enhancements consistent with the regional ITS Plan should be able to be counted toward meeting concurrency requirements. Impact fees collected under concurrency requirements can also be considered for funding regional ITS needs. 24

PAGE 38

. ' :. . ... . . . . . . ' . . . . . . . . . . . ' . : ; : ' . : ... ; r . . ,. .,, :: .. . . . . \ . . . . ) . . . . . ' . '\ . . \ .-: :,-, . . :CHA.P:riR2 ; ::.-: .-.' -. ... : . .. _:.: . :Its::. ; -_: ... : ,. .. 0 : ... : : : H .. . ........ ,-, .:. : .. . . . :,-. . .:.:. . .. . . 1'1 . ,U : . : . . ; : : _-._ . 'l :. :, ,, : : . v . ':. . ,. .. ., , : . : . . . ... . : ... .. : ... . . : .... ;'!, .... : .. : : : ..... : . . ' . . ' . . ....... ,, : l ... '> (IJS) should ..... .. . . . ,... ... .... ... . . .._. : at': tools .. .. .. .. ne.eds:, \. . l[S : is, all. . ._. ' ' '' '. : -. ,. : I ,, ' ' , . infoin,lation ... ;. disse!llinatjon; . and.. ITS. : (represents\ the . appllcatior( : of : ; , I \ "\ , ' ' ' V ' , , _; : and !)tli,er to.': .. probiems,,:-: . .. ... : : : : .-; ' ... :. ; : > : ... ; .. : .. $ '( ... . .... . .:: .. :.: ' : . . . :. .... , . ', . ... ... . . :. ,,: . .. . : '.. . ; ' '. ' : ' : , .... .' ; \ : . . ' : r tTS ) n ; hhw I ' -.,' ,, ' ,, I, '. ' . . . . . . . . . ,. ; . ': transporta.d0n seivkes are being:ptovided .throughout Fiotida,.and . . . .. . .... ... :-. . . ... . . .acr.oS$ ' ' ' ' I ' ' electronic-fqr commercial .vehicles,"reaHime traoslt' . ....... ,. ... . .;..,.) "-' . . : trackli'lg; indqei'lt' )re jusf' sqtjte. .the: exam pies :iri-. : ":..... < i / peploJed. !he :.--If .; -!deployea: in a.:<:oordirlated, ",integrated ... fashion' the :fl9-w of usable I : ,. ., ' \ .t ; ' b e and. .... ',,. ,. . ., . / , ,. o > .', -. ' ,' (I : , , ," . . . . . ... : : : .' . ; ... . . . . '. . ,' .; MPQs \yili: a : tcihhar rote : : t \ .. ' :creation'. .of: a :JTS Very,. . . .. .. . . . . ; . . . . . . . . ' ( .. ... y . : .. . . ... . : .... . .. . . . .. . . . . .. . . ' . .. . ( : . . . . . . . . . ' .... . .... . 2 .$.'

PAGE 39

ITS Planning Guidelines architecture identifies boundaries and participants, describes activities or functions, and defines roles and relationships. 8 The national ITS architecture is intended to provide the guidance for local and state governments to identify and maximize transportation system integration opportunities that work best for their areas. The "regional" architecture will define the regional strategy for transportation system operations and management by seeking to build a consensus on ITS system needs and information sharing between these systems. 2 .. 1 H!.E.RA.&;HY ITS Architecture is the future plan that shows how all the various ITS elements, products, services, and technologies will be brought together to meet the needs, issues, problems, and objectives of mobility, safety, and travel efficiency. The Florida Department of Transportation is in the process of developing a statewide ITS architecture to assure compatibility for delivering ITS user services between and among its districts. Progress on the statewide architecture can be monitored on http:/ /www.jeng.com. The statewide architecture will be based on the National ITS Architecture, but will be more explicit in defining some ITS user services such as Commercial Vehicle Operations (CVO), emergency evacuations, tourist guidance, and other rural/inter-urban applications that are naturally best suited 8 Introduction to National ITS Architecture and Consistency Polley, One Day Seminar workbook prepared by ITS National Architecture Team. 26

PAGE 40

. . . : . ' : . . . -. . : . . . . : . . ... ". .. \ . . . . \ . . / Plr . defin:e{ arid .supports :: tht( interfaces, : for the :Information dlows . '. .... ; ; : :._, : ''; ': :,.,; .. . ". ::. ; ,_., . ; ...... . between tegiQ.nal: and corridorarcliitedui'es: :. . . . : ..... ..... : .... r: >' ........ ; : -.... : : ... : : : . : .;\. 1' \Aittil.in : each. ... alsc;>. develo.j): and riiaitJta.in .their.: own' .. ; '. '' --.', : .. : ': J : ; ; .... . . to functional. ;r,equlrement.Sl :standards ... , , } : : : ." .. .. . ; . ..... . . rurnpik1 f-95)1:.75,: H O,i'. . ... win :severai. FOOT: . . ... . . . .. . . : . : . . : . . . .. . '; . \ .. or .'rtfgion ar architectures. Thef:, may -.be a -'.'single .. :, ' !_. architectlire.': .. for . tMre . ea.(:h u rban 3 . District. : .. . region a( . 'distri!=t: ;irchi .tecture; !Ju.t ,to' ; . For ... ; J -. . .. monitoring/incide. nt detection. along '(he I > : ,. : ' : i : : '' ; 9 5 i:oiTjdor \viii have. (o. be to ;tnij .share :inf6rhlatibn: : tfnd: u: .. : . : .' .... ' : . ; ", . : I ' : t I ' ' ' .. . . .. . . . . ,.. } : ... . : . ' ,.: ':.'\.: . . : . : .' :: :. .. .. : : .'; .. (tl)e : .most ... . ,for",ea.ch of nqt d will .to ,be: :: .. to . . . \ . . .: . . ,. : . . . : -. .. : . ; . : . assure . co.mpatibilitY. .iJ_ser ,atjd .operator benefits. ., ...... : .:. :,' / . . . , ;,, ... .. '. There. !iiaY :also :be. cases where :an :IJ.S. pr9ject does'. not: to be 9( : ; . . . ... -... : .. . . . . . . ..... , ... relativ e:;ca,mp.ariS911 benyeeil each level of .. . : ... : :'.' .. . : : ... ' .. . . :. .. . ... . . . . : .. . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . , ... : .... ; ; : ,'" .: 1 ::-.. 1 : : ' ; I 0 : ' ' 0 . .. . ... ... : . , ' . : < . : : . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . : . : ... .. ' ' . . : . ... ,. . . . . ' . 1 : . . .. .. . .-, , I ' \ , , : .. . ' . . . (', . . ,.. . : . . . 2 'r' : . .

PAGE 41

ITS Planning Guidelines 28 ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Figure 1-Architecture Hierarchy :, = Architectures may exist at one or more of ' -' these levels

PAGE 42

' . . . . . ' . . . . '' . , . . . ....... . ' . "' . . ,' . . . . ; . ... . ' . . . . .. . ... . . ' . ,. ... .... . : . . . . ( \ . f . ; ... ,. : ; . . ; .. . : ;:-. : _: : : : : .. : ;:"'. .. ::. : / .. . : ; .::. : :_': .; .. .... ;" .'. -. . .... ... . '1\,._:,-. .. ; "':' ,> : :The National h1telligent' Tr.ansportatio. n . . . .. .. : .,"" . ' . ' . ( .. . . . . . . ... ... ; t .:. . .' r.... .\' .. . . . i -.....' . ... . . .. . . . . .. .... . . . . : : v '> :-" ' ' .' ' : . . i '' : ; . .29 . . .

PAGE 43

ITS Planning Guidelines z .. l .. rg oNo In October 1998, the Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration issued Interim Guidance related to conformity/consistency with the National ITS Architecture and emerging ITS standards. 9 The intent of the Interim Guidance is to foster ITS integration, encourage the incorporation of ITS into the transportation planning process, and focus on projects with the greatest potential for affecting regional Integration. The Interim Guidance applies to ITS projects receiving funding from the Highway Trust Fund, including the Mass Transit Account, even when the ITS component is part of a larger project. All ITS demonstration projects and earmarks are also applicable to the Interim Guidance. On May 25, 2000, a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) was issued10 as a follow-up on the previous Interim Guidance. The NPRM reiterates the Interim Guidance, but also highlights the following: ! All ITS projects should conform to the local area or regional ITS architecture. 9 Interim Guidance on Conformity with the National ITS Architecture and Standards. 10 Statewide Transportation Planning; Metropolitan Transportation Planning; Proposed Rule, issued by FHWA/FTA on May 25, 2000. 30

PAGE 44

. .... ... ) 0 \ \ ' : ,- I ; . \ "' ; ' I J,. ..... : .... ,_.: ..... .. '.: . ......... .. . .. . . . . . .. . . . . . : ... -, ... \ . , \: ... ... . : . .'' .. . .. . . .... : : :.: :qs . will :beq>._ m e .. :th.' e : . .'' :the 1,. . l ::: ... : .. : o ', ' "-; '' , : '' o .. ;, to I o o I :Adiacent:Mll:OS in.tb{sam: .. reg{on need. 1Q havem&banisms:. . . . . .. . . . . ::. 'iof.trt.ar met:neranquniS: .of -atrement : . .. . .. .... _.' . .... ... : .. . '.. .. : are ..... : : : . . . . . . . ', '", , , I . 1 I ' In etder to dearly suostantiate the. need . ..... ... .... . ,; . : .. : b > . . ... ' \ . .. . . : \ ( . >'o n.-tbem.< : : . : ,; :_ .. ..., t.:. ... .. : . \' ' ................ t ,. .,. . .. . . -. . .... ... ....... ...... ..i.... ..;. ..... : .:-: .. : :, . . .. " '" .. ,_ ..... .. . . ,., . .. ............ . :. ...... . .. :. . . '' . . "'. .. . ... . . . .. . \ .. .. ; .. : .. ; < ; :. : ... ) . . -. . ... . . . . . . . . .: . . ,.:, :. ., ',.. ,1 ' ', :.- '. .: , t .. r ',,' :, ,f I ' o' 0 0 ... ,' .. 0 ', 0 o : ,' o ,' : I t , I \ ' Tbe 'lnt:erirn nitl.ects input r ecelved. fro.rn a array of .. .. .. . . . . . '. .. : . .... . . ; ... . . . .. ... ind. transportatio. o ' .. ,: . o o _. I . "' a . wayto .. : -,. .gj.rldance' is: se.rie$ oi. { J._z.:. : . . . . . ... . . . . . . .serve as a : .. : :fof co:nfonnity. Theie: questions . as r-minder$ of .the: key: . . .. ' . . ... , ., . .. ... "i .Issues tha( m.us..tbe;.addr.essed; during JTS. : planning ' ., l .. .when a ::. "' t not'yet b 'een js the __ .. for ... . . . . . ; .. ,.. # : in.. Flo'rida,-'.'tlie' foHpwi_(lg. mintmun) ::are.1Q be : ,, , ' .. ' ' ' ' I ' \ ' .... . ; arid: ' '" I' ' ' .. hi formation depicted in figure : ": : ... : ,.) ; . .-. .. "' : . . .. ... ... . . .. ... . . :. ..... . . .. ... . . . . . . . ...... ....... .. . . ; ''i' ... . .. : .' :: . : . . . . . ,'': . ... . .. .. t : . :.:. : .components :.from the : tiS ( f.efe.p . .. . . . ... ' . . . ... ,. ... .. . . : ,.1-1 . ) .. ; .t
PAGE 45

ITS Planning Guidelines ! Does the project design indicate the extent of information exchange between specific agencies? ! Has consideration been given to incorporating additional information flows, as appropriate to the project, in anticipation of future needs? If so, which information flows? ! What technology and operating agreements have been reached between the affected parties? ! How has the potential for future expansion and information sharing opportunities been kept flexible through the project design ! Which existing design standards and communication procedures, as appropriate for the project, have been identified? (Refer to the local ITS Architecture Plan if one has been adopted, or the USDOT ITS Standards Web page at http://www .its.dot.gov/standard/standard.htm.) Additionally, under the Interim Guidance for Conformity, an overall approach for ITS consideration in transportation planning is suggested. This approach can be summarized as follows: ! Engage a broad range of stakeholders ! Identify needs that can be addressed by ITS ! Describe existing and planned ITS enhancements (ITS components added to conventional transportation improvements) of the physical system : Define a regional ITS architecture (where a 11region" is defined by the area that as a minimum incorporates the metropolitan planning area boundary) 32

PAGE 46

, i . ..... , ... ... . .. ,' . . : . .. . : : . .. . . .. ' . :. t ' < > A . . . :' . . ... . .. ; . . ..... : . . . . . ,' ,. : :' . .. ... ... . : ..... : .. .... .. : : .. .. : :_. _, . . .. :,: : ''. ,,,, . . . ; . ... >;: i.>e.fin requir.errients or :thE:. :,' ' : ' , ' ''. : ' '': ', : ... > :' ' ' < : '\,' ' ; : t ' ; I.,.' .. ; I __ _system .. . .., . . ".. . . . . . . '' ' ' ' ' ' I ' ( ' ' -.:. +<, with; ali J?larineci. .:::< ; . ; . : . .. ,. : 1 , .................. . ... '3> : >: \ > : . >_.._ : : o r ',' t ''' ',' : Develop technoJ9gy .agre.em_ e .ntS ancl standaras tliat. .-, . .. : .... . r ; .--: . . ': a _Jt .of one' systerit_..workwith. : . : .. .! )'d_entify_ ,IT$ the goals"' : . . . :. ''' .. . . ; ar.ld adopted the Jcical. tran 'spohation pjarihlng:: : . . , . .... : . ( : . . . . .. : ..... : . ... )' .. .... . . : .. 1ons. . .. ; : : . . . . . . ... . . . . . ( . : .. : ; . y '..... ( . \ ... . . : .-... ( ,.: : ' . . . . . . . . .. ... . ;2: _. .IT s .IN .. I N .G '_: :. : :. > .. :: .. : : . :. '.-, . . . . . . . . ... . . . . .. . . -..... .... . ... . . . . ..... ...... : . . .'-. . . . . . . .:::_.,:,';; .-: .. '-: .'. : ::, . : -:: .... > ... : ..... ... ::._-: :_:.:. : > . . : i... . . '.. $ '" . : 'It : :''-: ... ::,: : : ._:_::_ .:: :_::->_ .. -:.: >:, .-' .. . .. \ ' ', ._-, ' : I > : ': : ,. . . ; ' .. . ... '. : . . ' .. ' I ,. , ' ', . . . . : . -. . . . . . . '... . . .. . . "ITsA'w-'aren.e.:,':. : . : .... . .... : : .. :: ' .:..' .. .., ,, ,'', . : : . ... : ,." ... ",. .. ,.' : .. ) .. :.ns ,and:tbe .. _; --:.. : :: ... .. .. . : ; > , _,,, :< > :. :.: ', I ' 1 ,.' 0 ,."' 1 ,,''.,' , : ,' , : , ,,, ', I : ITS. P.#bllc!Prtvate -PadnEirships. : .. ;' . .. ,:. .. . , :. .. ... ... . .... .. ... ........ .... ... . : ... :.--..:-: .< .. : .... . .. ... '; ... ,... .. : ... :' ... : .: ... .... . : :. :. '.'< . : .. ',. .:..... . ;Short. availableJor: : -: ; ... > :.. . . ; /:' : : \ ', . .. : . .. : .. '. .. ," . '/ ... . . ; : : { : > ... :. _... ', . . ... .:. , . . . . .. . ... . . . , . '.,.":, . . ."/ '-. ..... ....,. .. ; : . '::.; .. ;: : . ...... . ; . ''. .. .,. ... ... .. to the : Na:tipnaiJ:TS . : : : : :,,, '. ,,' :, .. ._. <: .... . ; ; ': ; .... : .. ;,', '.' 1 . . . \ / 0 / , : ,' 0 , f I , 1 t ' ' :::. I . . . : ; ( . . ' : . ... . . . . : . .. . . ' \ .. .. :.:. \ ; I . _-'. .. .' _,. 3'3' : . .

PAGE 47

ITS Planning Guidelines ! Two-day Application of National ITS Architecture ! One-day Florida ITS Architecture Development For more information on ITS seminars and short courses, contact should be made to: ITS Florida P.O. Box 116585 Gainesville, FL 32611-6585 Tel: (352)-392 7575, extension 224 E-mail: its-fl@ce.ufl.edu 2.6 V 6bYE OF IN AND ARC!jJTECTY.RE F.9R liS TIQN The need for integration of transportation into a seamless service for movement of people and goods is Increasing. Transportation subsystems are becoming more sophisticated, there are more stakeholders to satisfy, and there is more interdependence among organizations that are responsible for providing mobility and safety within a region. Very simply, consistency with the ITS National Ar c hitecture will clearly define those transportation services envisioned to be provided within the region. Also, a common vocabulary for i ntegration can be established within organizations, between organizations, with con tractors, among users, and with counterparts across the state and nation. Integration will assure 34

PAGE 48

: ..... . . : ' ', . . . . . ... . . . . . ' : I . .-,, . \' ..... ;.,; ,....., ... .. .' . . . . . . . . . . '' ' , 'I' , ( . . :; . . . . : . . . . . : .... : .

PAGE 49

ITS Planning Guidelines guidance necessary for the development of regional and local ITS programs, strategic plans and architectures that will lead to ITS deployment plans". 11 The Plan directly relates to all of the Modal Plans identified by the Florida Transportation Plan, and emphasizes the management and operational guidance to assist each of these modal plans in reaching their goals. According to the Statewide ITS Strategic Plan, each MPO should: : Add a step to consider ITS in all stages of the multi-modal transportation planning process : Facilitate institutional and inter -jurisdictional cooperation In ITS : Recognize and seize opportunities for including ITS as an integrated element with traditional infrastructure improvements : Seek out and encourage advocates for ITS : Focus on integration and regional architecture as the key for develop ing ITS : Evaluate public involvement plans for application to disseminating ITS information : Encourage ITS partnerships with the private sector 2.2 YSEF4l SJ"EP.S fQR ITS The Interim Guidance previously discussed also provides a c hecklist of questions to assist agencies in the early planning stages of ITS 11 Florida's Intelligent Transportation System Strategic Plan, Final Report-August 23, 1999, page iii, prepared by PB-Farradyne, Inc. 36

PAGE 50

,,. ' . . . . . "")' . . . . . . . . . : . ' ' . . ' . . . . : ( ' ' I . . I \,, ,,_. .i . > ... ' .. . .. . . . . . ; ,,. . : : ' i : .. \ ' : .... / 't :proJects. : The. sll'6u a 'dd(essed 3s a ' \ .. > ,. 1, ' . . : '. ' . . . : .. ' ' m nmu 't\lol. .... . : = . . : . . . : : JJJ . ' ' ' ,,, ' I ,,' \ ', : , .;, .. , . ''... . ...... . . . : ... . ........ ...... ,' : ,!'' ' { ) ': ' .' > .. : ... : .. ,,: : .. .... . . : ... : ... : . .... : . .. ! .. ;. ;. :, ,J,.: { ; ! .. .What .in!tia'fed to' epg-age Jo<::al,: .. : ... . : ... ,..::;l ..... : .... .. ... '.ITS stakehold.er.s?.->. .:1 : :.,; .: ;, .. ...... ... : : '. . ... .. and I ... : .., ,., .. .. .. ., brougtjtinto the . i>.rocess?. : ,. :;, : : ... : "< : < ,::' .' :. . . :' . . . , ... ... .. . . . . . . . : beer. . . > '/" .. ." . .. : 'Jdeptifled. :thr9ugh < :: . : .' ' . . ... ,,' .... ... ... . '+! : Wllat. "piahned 'ITS ;Pf0J!?tif hav(dreel) identrfif,d. or ... ' ' ' ; , I J :, .' ' ,' . :. . arEi' in the .regl'on] . . : : . : : >. .. . : . : : . .. . '. ' . : .,. . . ,'. ... . . .. . .. \ \ . .. . ... :'. _, :operatirig for p,rO.jects . ,. ; . . .. . . : ... . . . . ... .. :. . ; .... . . ,dent1fi1ed? ; . .. ... . ,.. , .. . ; . .... : . . . . .. . ... ,t,. '< ..,. ... 1 '. .' A-tow ;. wUJ.; planhect ItS 6e::. coo'rditia:tect :with: .other "" ' '' ,' _t ' I : : ' ; I o ;'-' '' ' ' ' : ' ' , ," ., ... , .... ,.' ... : : : : .. : : : : :. >." ::. ... ... .Has a deploymentphasing: b ,eeo dev .eloped.?/ : : : . r. . "-. . ,. . : ' ,' : regional:. < > "' : : . needed? :.(i.e.ihvho. .w.nr P e A>r inafniet\:ance;' and . , . . . . ........ ,_, .. . : ... ')) ... . : ........ . : . ... :. .o)leration.s. :.-.-. : .. ., . : ... ...... .,.. .. .:. . = .:: :::. ._. , . I , . ,.Hav e capitalcosi for' ptanned.ITS : ... v-.' .. l,_ ' ; .. . ... , ,4 ... '' .. >. ts b .. ''d r. d? > ; ' ; . prc;JHK. : ent1 :. ... : ... :. : . : . ..: .., : . .. ... . . . =. ' ' ' ' ; o' I ' :' : ' '1. I . j . . . . . . .. . . . . . . '. : \ . . : .: :: ,. : : :, .::. . ... .... . : ... ) . ... ...... i .. .', ... : : ... ,"-: .... .... . ........... : . .... . .... , : . .. .. . '; .... ..... . . . . : . . . . . : Loca( ;:.tM cnallenge:gf: :jl!s t -' .. :ror : : ''t . .... . .. ...... 'ITS Within' already .restrictlve'budg'ets t S riot .easily accepteCt
PAGE 51

ITS Planning Guidelines since they are not implementing agencies. Florida MPOs are just beginning to address ITS in their long range planning efforts in a variety of ways as exemplified below.12 ! Brevard County MPO incorporated ITS technologies in their 2020 Long Range Plan as part of Transportation Control Measures (TCM) improvements for certain sections of the roadway system. According to the plan, "many roadways that could be widened were designated for less intrusive TCM improvements due to neighborhood preservation concerns." ITS technologies listed as TCM include motorist Information and Incident management. The transportation management planning task of the UPWP states that ITS was and will be used as a management tool and as a resource for developing and monitoring transportation data. ! Lee County MPO 2020 Transportation Plan for Fort-Myers C.1pe Coral Metropolitan Area was adopted in 199 5 and amended June 20, 1997. Preserving and maximizing efficiency of existing transportation facilities is discussed as a high priority "ISTEA fator". In this context, traffic congestion management systems were explicidy considered in the development of the 2020 Plan. Lee County adopted the use of electronic toll collection technology in November 1997 and variable toll pricing in August 1998 as part of their congestion-pricing program. 12 Since TEA-21 was authorized In June 1998 Long Range Transportation P l a n s done prior to that date typically do not include any significant mention of ITS planning. However, not all of the MPO LRTPs were available for this comparison. 38

PAGE 52

' . ' _. . ' . : .. . . .. . . .. . '; . ' . . . : . . . '. . . '. . . .... : : .. : . . : : : : JTS Pl.tm.nii;lg'Guideli'ries . . ' . . .. -; ( . . .. .. .. .. . . , : .... .... ... ; : . ... .': . : : ; . . \ . : : .. : . ) Pi C()imiy MPO theit . . . \ . . . .. . . .. . . :{ . :Piaf! .. in .revised .it M;ty:J999_ : . :O.rie goai(Qf. an.: system : .:. ; f ;, ' j "". effldency and. travef derriatid mar\agement.' The obiedi .ve 1s t6 . . . . . .. . . . ) . . . . : .. rpadWay .. effiCiency ;thd 1. . > :travel: i:sr system .. ', .. ... , I .' ' ' I ' ' : -< -management and . : .strategies: ... In this . : were .. 1 f&. s). These . . : y . ;' : . . .. .. . :.: .. pO.iicies . that: the 'MPO devE!Iop :ITS: . :f()r. : _:--: : : Pinelias countY tha.t:c6nforms t6 .. -rrs: . :.. : . . . . ( . . . . . . . . . . ..... ," . . ... : standards; . and. ; -supports the implem.entation of' $trateiies. .. .. .With LRTP .nondes. : . . . . '\ ... . ,, ..... . . . ... : . . . ; = Chapter 6 of the plart deals With -system :efficiency andtraver .... ' , .. ., . .... ,., . . . ..... ..... . : . ,:' iniiJagemeht attividesdisctissed: isJTS; Pinellas County: has. a .. . ... ' ''... . ..... ',, ''. ... ; .. . .. '. ' . . . :, nombe{ of .. small;:-.' 'ls61ated 'ITS :applications ;:ln. operation ,; : inthidin' g .. cont;ol; and :bus fare' ... : ,'. ': .. . : . . .. .:-. : . : paymen('sysieins; :aqyisqry: system. and' vide o . .. ...... '. . : :st{yWay.: FP.o:'T'S: Qistrkt -7 .. / ' < ' .. : ' ... : \ llS : Strategic :Plan: ..reconiQ.ien:df . severai 1rs, projectS : for. . ; ... : -rti1pleinenuiiori. irf. Pi '<:ounty; _no ' ' I :, ' ' . 1 , :: specifkdetaiJs. :about these .projecis .. are disci.Is5ed in.the LirT'P.. .. : i the .ract: .999/zo.oo:\]l>wil ffS ; JO bf . . . ,. .., ptapning plaru\lng. : : . :.: .LRTPwas One' of :. . ' . . . . . . . . . : '.. . .. .. . . .. ... tlie goals LR:rPis to provide a .. ' . ' . ".. ,. '' . .. . . . .. . . . ... : transportation nee!.'ls in a tosteffe(:tive mann:er:; ;lb .; . . ,. . . , . }>: : . .... . .{ .' ... .' . , . .... ) ..... M .,,: . , 0 . . . . . . ', : . . . . . . . -.'. . . . : ... . . .. ;.-' .... l ' '' . .. ..... . . . . .. .. ; .. ... t . .. ' . . ...... . ... 39

PAGE 53

ITS Planning Guidelines addressing this goal, utilizing TSM is stated as one of the objectives. Noteworthy here is that ITS Planning and Coordination Is one of the tasks in the systems planning section of the 1999/2000 UPWP. : Miami Urbanized Area MPO adopted their 2020 Long Range Plan in May 1999. ITS is not included as part of this plan, however, there does exist a separate ITS Plan for Miami-Dade county that was initially approved by the MPO Governing Board in February 1997, and updated in June 1999. The initial ITS Plan served basically as a comprehensive Inventory of existing ITS activities and identified ITS application objectives for the greater Miami area. Most importantly, this was the first plan of its kind to be adopted by a local government in Florida. The ITS Plan Update identifies ITS 11enabling" projects that will form the basis for a regional ITS architecture. ITS integration is stressed throughout the ITS Plan Update. : West Palm Beach MPO adopted its LRTP in December 1998. ITS and TCM are addressed briefly in Chapter 7 of one technical report that discusses 2020 cost feasible plans. Similarly, ITS and TCM are discussed in Chapter 5 of another technical report that addresses interim transportation plans. : Hillsborough County MPO adopted its 2020 LRTP in November 1998. Included is a section that explains what ITS is, examples of ITS projects and the benefits of ITS. The Plan states 11Where appropriate, we will encourage the use of Intelligent Transportation Systems approaches and technologies." The MPO has identified a TASK (3.5) in its UPWP for ITS planning. The objective of the task is to 40

PAGE 54

. . . . : . . . . .. . ,, ' .. . . . :: . . l ::. -. . .. .. . . ' , 6 ..... , ...... .... ........... . . : . . .. '.. . :-' 0, j ,'lo;. .. : ,,. . ... .:: .. :. -::/. develop,. aprocess that' wlU :-.tncornofate : i{eiiooal . . . ') \ . .. . . ::. : .. Arthiiecttire> 'developed : ,J?Y:: oisti'icf,.J, into, ihe .t;ong Range \ . : .. ... ." ... . . ... ... : 'Ttill)sP.orti.t!on if in lts' .early .. stages ..... ,. .,..,; .;.' ._ o' ''' I '', ,'o, (?f...-dev.elophigJts ITS.. Plan for. :'The .. .. . . ,_ . : ' < \ J .. tehyear _:. . . , t, 0 , : , t 1,, , t,; t , '' : : ,"' . . \ .. ,, I . ""' ' :., J .. o o r / . .: ., l : ... ,,',,' ) ',',' ,: :-, : ,.', ,.':' ..', ,'' ,, 0 MPQ . in.volvemenf?in I,TS -is'' 'ine. te evident; .. : A rece.nt: 0.. 0 : ., ..... ... : .. '... . 0 + tan(fucted'. bY" :the. :AsSoc::iatl.on of :: ', '' o "', : 1 . I : , 1,' o :! : ' : \ ' -: ;drganl.za.tlons thaf two"tliiras of the. large 'MP()s;-: {' .. .. . 1 .. o 'I l r : . : one ltljllion ITS 60 .. .... ... ,l, J \ _ITS;,. .of _large .MPO,s: :have : . . . . ). . . \ . . :-w!th ;NatioQal 'ITS . anQ: :are:' using it: durl.ng:_the : .-:: ... :: :. .. . ,:::_, \ 0 o . J ._. . . . ,' . . ', ,. ., . .. .... -... ', -,. ', I t , .' .. 0 . . . . .. .. : .. . . .. ;. J . . ... . .. . . I o" .. J" 'o I' 0 . .. 0.. ... . .... :. ..0 : ... . . . . . ... . -,' '\I I .. . .. .,:' . .' :; : ... .......... :." .' ... : ..... :". .. .. ? , .. -.... ,. l _, ... .. . .. .: i .. . .. '- \,,., . .. .. : . . .. . . .. J ,... : '' '.. .. ": ; ... . \, ......... . 0 ; : ) ; . .. . .: . ..... _..... . ......... ::. . . .. .. .... ' :, : : 61 '' , ; '; .' : \ . ', .. . . : . ; ... , f I .' ., .... ' ; \ .... . ... .. '' ' .. ... . .... ;o' .. I '. o 0 t'' :,, , ( ' "' ' ,r. ' ... '\.: f . . \. ... . ; ' '!', . . . . .. , . .. : ' ... ... .. : . ... '. ' I .,:., ,-' ; '' .' ',,' ,' . . . . . . .. . ... ' '' o,o, : :. : :: .... . .. ' . o' '. . . .. ; . : < 0 .. .. . . .. ... .. . ; . ... \ . . . . . . : 'f 0 '1 ' .. .. ', .... .,. .. 0 .. .. . .. ,: .. -...... . . . .. -: . : . . . ' . '. .. I''''"'' ,. .. . .: ".: ... . . . ,. . . ' ...... .. . . ... . . ), . ,. ... .. . '.. -: .'. ; .... J ... . . .... ... '. ,";, ' I ' , ;r ,.., . . . . . . : . . .. : ..... . ... . .; I : :' 0 I 0 o , ./ o , 'lo .. . . # ,l . . . : ... . . .. ... . . .: :" . ,o1" ; "' : .... 0 0 "i . .. .. .. . . . :.';, .. \ . . . . . .... -. \: . .. . .. ' I ;.t'. :.-_ .:. .-; : . . . . .. . _. ;, ... . . ... . : . .. . ,.. . . ' . ... .. . . 0 ........... .. . ' . .:: ... .. ,.,. .,. . _, . . . . . . ... !"-._. ;. . . \ . ' .. . .. . . .. . .... ,.,;"''' .. .... . , .. ,, r" : . ', . .. .. ' I ," ' , .: : '' 'o ,
PAGE 55

this page IS blank

PAGE 56

. . ' . . . . . "' . ; . . ) .. . . . . . . ' . . . . . : . ' ' .. "t . .. .. ' . : :: : '. . : : . : : .. : ; : : .. : . Jts 'Pt,anning . .:.. . ... . ' ', .... . . ; ' ..... .. : . .. ( . : . . . ( : : ... . .,.: .. .. . . ' ' ' ,,, o .. ' J I \ ' .... ( .: . 1 :. ,. ... : : : ... .... . . ., . . . .. ..... ',' .... . ........ . 0 ' ' , ,.. .. , , , .' .' j 1 I . . . . . . . . . . . . ..... ... : .': .. : ..... ... .. .. : :::_>> .. :./ : .. :_ ... : : : . :. : .. .: .' . ; : : .. .... . . . . . : '. :.. , . . . . .,. .. . . . . . . :;: ''. : :> .:D,o t :e': o :. t. : .... > , ' . : ; .' J ',. : .... : : :: . MANAGEMEMt. SYstEMS, . : . : ., , . . ,.. I""., ,J,: ..... .. : ....... ' o > '> ' 'o\-' ' _, F '1,' \ _. ' ' : ' '-. , . . .. : . . ' . . . . . . .... ', : .. .:.. ..... :: ... :. :: : .. .: ...... :. : . ' .... ... ... . : :: < ., : .. ... ,.: ........ '. 't, : : . . : ... :. .. I -. ,( , ,.'-, ' : '' ., '">' < > ',.: I' ' ,' ' ' .' "' ,' ' ' _' _; .. ' ; '' : : Jederal;:laws : areas: thJlO ... :', ' ' l ' ' ' ' I f .. . . . . . . . .... .... : .. .. . ,ZQO ,000 ; fn population, -"systems. J : ':. : .', : ; .' ..... : 1;,. Floti.da sciti:iteS. extend this reql,iirerrientto aii.MP0$ .'13:, Congestion . . .. : \ . . :: : . . ..... . ... .. ':' ..... '--: ... . : . : ...... : . .. .... '(CMS) .. are spedfh:alfy designed -to. rnoilitor:: . . . ... . . . . . .. : ' ' . .... :' : current . coil'gestic)n: .levels,. :ftiti.lf.e . . : .. : . ;. '.' ... :, . .. ...... :. .. . : ; ,-:. .. develop : to . : as: a .. : . . . . . \ ,. ... . . .. . beliayior and; hefp: more:. :; .. '> \: eftkient(y :. w :: providing' : . . ''\ ' I ' ' ' I ',, ' ) > : ' ' .jnfonuation in a fash16ti as. to. maxim lie all mobilitY ,optiorts ; . .._ : : . ; . ... ( .,; :-,. , ) , .,'! . . ',.., : < .w1th pr.oce$s> :IT$ : ,'\' .... . .... , .. ........ , ....... . provides. li;Wans tO: .. evob.Iti., ' , ' ' , \ ' ' I < ' ' ' < o ; '/' twq wa.ys. Fiist: .statiC over various points-in ;time. iS: . . . .. . . . . . . ... . . ' ' ' I ' '' {' ' aete r!JiifW . or ").>'', ............ ,. : ' ' 1 ,lo ' ,)y t ' , :. . .: : . . _. . ' ... .. .. . . .. . .. . . /"' : . ... ' ' ,,, ' I ' ' ' I ' ', , < . ... . .... ... t:f7 < ; ; . . \ ; . : ; ,: : ,' . .. .t: J .. ' : .',.' .. .,. i . : ..... \ .-:.. ,' ,:: ..... : . : :..... . ' .. . . '. . . . , . .. : . " .. ': : .. . . . .. .... : . : . . .. 4 3,' . .. . .

PAGE 57

ITS Planning Guidelines benefits of previous Investments in mobility improvements. Second, real-time Information is used for the detection and management of recurring and non-recurring congestion. Static information, for the most pan, relies on traditional data gathering methods to calculate and compare aggregate mobility performance measures. For example, these types of daily and peak period measures should include the following: 1 4 Person-miles traveled (per lane mile) Vehicle-miles traveled (per lane mile) Truck-miles traveled (per lane mile) Person-trips Average travel time Average travel speed Percent corridor heavily congested Percent travel heavily congested Duration of heavy congestion These types of static performance measures, when compared over time, can provide reasonable indicators of system mobility. They can also be used to guide overall system planning strategies (or goals) for multi -modal mobility. Additionally, using attitudinal surveys, Broward County includes an element of monitoring person movement at major employment centers in order to screen feasible site-specific Transportation Demand Management (TOM) 14 FOOT Recommended Mobility Performance Measures for Corridors & Systems, July 2 I, 1998. 44

PAGE 58

: : ; . . ... t : ( # . ) '' . .. .. "' -. ,' .... ''.. './, } .. ,. <: ........ ;. :l ' . . . . . ".. ';,' . .. ., ,. . . \ . .... ,; -\, , .. . '." . .... .... . . ". ...... ., ... ..: ; . -( :, .. ' . ; . : : '( ; . : . . . . .. . . . . 1 . I' ' .. .. J ; ) : : :,. : ... ,...:, : . . ; : ........ .. ,. . .. . ' ' I ; ' : : I t ' :_:. . .' '. :, :.,;,. .. ::. .. ... .... ,_. .... :. ... .. .: . . ... . . ; ': .... . . . . .. . ( . . . . : . . ' . . : :"' . .. ' '' t I , t _. ' : ( , ,., '' ; < 'I; : .' I .. .. ',. ' ; , ,' ,' ' ... . ... . . . ; . . . . } .. . . ' . . . . .. .. : ,. : . , . . : . . .... . . . . . . ... . .... .... : . .' <: . . : ".'.t. : .: .. .-' . : : .... .. _.,., . ... ( . ...... .... ... ..... "' ' : .. ......... : ...... . . : : .... : .... . .. .." . :. .; ..... . ,. . .. : . . . . . . . .... .: . . ... . .. . . : -..(' .'' . .. . . : .... . . . ,,. . .. .. : <1 :of. .W,o,rk; prepareit' by" : : & qr.(;:-vtli -DIVfsloti,..April 1'994; ', : : : .. : . >" ,: .. ; .' :, 3 ; ; : ; . ( ,','1: , ','.v{.:,' .. ',. ' /'', ,. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ,." . : . : : ... : . .. : ..... ; .: :. .... : .. ', .... .... . . ; .. ' :, .... ... ... . . . to .. : 45'

PAGE 59

ITS Planning Guidelines 1.2 liS Af.l!bJWIQNS MQBILITY f'RFQRM.A,Nq ITS brings real-time monitoring and reporting capability to system performance measures. Information o n current conditions can be provided to travelers, not just shared a mong operating agencies. If this information i s timely, reliable, and understandable, better trip making and operational manage m ent decisions can be made resulting in reduced co ngestion. ITS technologies (e.g., video-based optical charac ter /image recognition, and wireless communication/tracking such as cellular and global positioning satellite systems) allow for real-time traffic In formation gathering for individual, or disaggregate, vehicle movements. Besides incident detection and management, this capability can also lend itself to the c reation of perhaps more discriminating mobility performance measures such as: ! vehicle occupancy (at major downtown entry/exit points to monitor the effect of strategies to reduce s ingl e occupant vehicles during peak periods) ! traffic density (gaps between vehicles during peak periods along major commute cor ridors) ! person movement (combining vehicle occupancy with vehicle speed during peak periods) ! vehicle delay ( duration and locat ion of stopped time per trip, particularly for trucks) ! coef ficient of speed variation ( freedom of individual vehicle movement over different hours of the day) 46

PAGE 60

. . . . .. . ,. .. ,. . . . . .. 0. # ,. . . . . . . : I . . . . .... ......... ' . . ... .. itJg . .. .. .. . . . . .. . . . ,. : ... .. ........ ', .. , :.. t ' I , .' ( .. ' . . . .. . .. .. . . . ) . . .. ' o o' '': '' I o ' '', o ' o \. o "' o ' qata collection;: tbought: .: .. . .. ; . . . y, .. .' 3 uton:t_ated ::and .. .. : "': :-. ... :,. 4,' l nore-.rob!JsJ Nt. soon 'be.JpP.IY:i.rl. e ITS:.' applicatiohs .. to : :hel r ;lJ!9bi.htY.' iJ;rp'ess : w tci .. : . . :. . . .... \ . :l:rs .. irl 4 ? :.: . . . .. . .. . . . . :. : .. '. ' . . . .' . iJ1pJications .:mustrafe;: ,what other .. florida .... MPOs may :want' .tq ... . ; ; .. . . . '.. . . . . .. : . . . . \ . 'd . ( . . . . .. . ... . i ' '\. :on s 1 er.-: .... .:.1 ; .... : .. . : . :..:. : : tl . . . . 1 ' ,, , ' .' '"* .. .:,, '; . :. ...... : : .:::: . : ; ,.:;. : .. .......... ,: ........ ... ::. : "' ,J ,. ; ' .. : ) . .. '/ ' .,, '" I ._ ... ' , ' : .... .... ......... .: ......... : '.; 1', l \ '' ..t ' \ : :' ' ,,.; o t , ' . .. \. ....... .... . .. . . -.: .. :, _. ... :#.:.. ..... ,.,.,., t., ..... ; . :;_! ... '. : ...... .......... ... .:-:: J :,...,,: .:. ..... . ... .. .. ..... ..;. .. .. : . .. "" ... .. ..... . ; . .. . . . . : . . )o "' :, -. I ;; . :;.o .. ,,., : .'> .. .. ... .... ., 'I'' .... . ... .. ... .... ...... ..... ...... . . . .. . . .................. .. : .. !', ...... : "' , I ,. ......... ... \ ',"' . .. ;. '. :.:, ............. ,:. : t; ( ':':_ ... : -. .. : .:: : .. ;, ;.. .. ,, ,-., /- ,' ;, ' I , (' ' : ( .;:. 1: ''/\ : . : . : ... .. .. ::<-., ... ,,: : ... .. :_., . . : ' I o ' ' : ,' ' ' ...... .. '': . .. ... .. . ,. .. . .. . . .. ;_ ... ... .. :-;_: .. .... .......... : : : .... : ,. ',,, ., ,o1 : '., t ,,,, .. ,. Oo' 000 0 J L 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .. \ ,o 0 0 '0 0 ) . .... . ,. ......... .... ..... ''" . . . .. .... .-: : .. ... ' ........... ; ... :. ': ''.: -. .-, 'o,o"'.i' .. ' I ''' ',' "J''' ..... .:.. . ,, . J, .. ,. ,.-: .. ; \ ' I o, I . .... .t :..:.:., ... . ; ... .. .; .... \;' . . . . ,. .' t :f. .. . .. .' . .. . : .. : : . . I o ,, :',,! ' '' '', ', / t.. .;. .. .. . ; . .. : .' < ...... ...... ,.-.: . ,:. l .. .. ,..;, ..... t . v:l :, ,''o,,' f : .. . ... J : ... ,\.: ', . . ..... : ... : ,. .. : .. '. t : : . , .... ,; . ,,,. . \ . . . :. ( . . . :' . . .. ,. . :. ..... . . ... :(. /I,,, . .' ..... . .. . . .. . . . < "' .;:, V' . . ' l : . : . ': '\ ; . ,. .. : o I ' o '<. ; \ ,. .' . ,,. : . .. .. .. . . . : I ' 47 : 't :. . .. ...

PAGE 61

ITS Planning Guidelines Table 4 -Florida MPOs with ITS for Mobility Management Process (MMP) MPO ITS Application for MMP Charlotte Co.-Punta Video detection component fo r computerized signal study Gorda Plans for video based traffic data collection Jacksonville ITS deployment study for Interstates Urbanized Area CMS Committee monitoring ITS impact on mitigating congestion Automatic vehicle location system programmed for transit US41 variable message sign system for Lee County incident management Queue reduct ion at bridge toll plazas wi th electronic toll collection ( LeeWay) including off-peak toll reductions to spread demand Intelligent bus stops for express buses on 1-4 and recommended expansion to US 17/92 Metroplan Orlando Recommended advanced mode choice and advanced traveler information systems Automatic vehicle location used for speeddelay runs ITS comprehensive plan Plan for interactive kiosks for trave ler information and soliciting public input during the transportat ion planning process Mia mi-Dade Proposed automatic vehicle location for traffic data gathering Regional traveler info rmat ion services Electronic toll collection Advanced traffic signal system Automation of travel time monitoring Demonstration project being designed for advanced traveler information along Siesta Pinellas County Drive. Sarasota/Manatee Demonstration project being planned fo r video detection te chnology in Sarasota and Braden ton. 48

PAGE 62

. . . . 4 . . . . .. . . . ' ' o ,-,' T . . . .. ... . . . . , . . . . : ... : . . . ;.. . .. '' . . .. . . . . . .. . .. .. . . : k .. ....... . : . . . . j : MPO :. .... . ; . ITS Ai:JplicatiQnJorl\IIMP : .... ; .: : : : : -.... : :_ ':._-,. :-.': : . . . . : $pec.a l troll) : ... : . : . . ; . .. ; ... : modell) .:, ;._, ; :: Volusfa:Gui.mty .. :: e : smart nlghW,ay. system-(knoWh as _. .. : : ;. .-. .. :. : :: .. :--oASt1)in61ijaes .. :_;;?' . . . . . .. . . .. .. . ... . _; . : <: anO..varjab!e: m.,ssage.; s\!;]ns t o .' :.:. . : :: . : :. ill'raQid .. .. : .. ; .. : . . ; .. -:' . . tncjder1t being_ de>;.teloped f qr .. .. : : :. : : ; .trans1t ( T r i i r ail) : : : : . : :. ... :. .: .. < . . . . r.oute --. ...... , ... : : : ;: . < .-. ; > .. .-.::.: ::. _._. <_.: ; . : ._ ... ... .... : ._ > .:> .: .> .. . -: .. :.. ; : esS:a9e. Sign : ,. ; : . :: : . . : . : : .. 9Ystem ... :: : . .-'_ : : ; : ... .'. :., _,_ .. Dynaf:nl c : .,. 4 .syste m .. : . :. t i. . . . ;.. ' ; . . . ,, . . . ... ' . : . : : BrowardGount y :.,. :B'r6Ward A d V a nceEffraffic< : : : .... : _.,: / .-: < _. ,-, _. .. : : :. : : . . . ..... . . ..... ; . .. : .. :>. : :. :.. -:. .:: : ::. : : JJ\T!S) : ; : . . ---:: :. . : . ; .. : .... . _, .-:... ; ... : .SOurce: Mobility Plilcess.Suriima,Yby Planhlng_ r J , "' ... .. -:: . , .. .: . < _ _. .. : ... '' ' ; : .. I' '' : .I ',' , .,. : ' ,' ' '" ,"' ( , : : ' .: : .! : ... ... ... . ..... ... . . . ....... ,. . . . . ''' \ ' I \ : ' ' ; ' : ; ''. ' ; : ; .'' ' ';I o '' ,': ' ', :-'': ''' ; ,, o' ' . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . .. ,. '.. t . \ .... ... .-. V:ollisia, Co'Onty : :has :had/thelr '{Daytona Area ;.smart. ...... : .. .. ::.. .(" ....... ',. ... :-. : .... ,. . .. \ : ". . .J:iigflway)_-!: .. . . . . ... . . . ... . . ';. :.:HtarhtPade-; ;:._.. is. : }JJs't : : ' { ,' J .. > ' : ' ,. ,\ : /' I JhfqJ:inat;()n :systernf -; .. : or(ando will. be: -tising. : 0 ; 0 ,' ' 0 >,, I , .; , ' ; , 1 ( :: : :_ . -, :: . '( .. .. . .. '. . . .... ' . . .. .'qati collettion : .Saras'ota!M.anaiee to , .' .. ' \ '. t I ' ) : : : lTS: .. I I : ' :: ,, ' ' ' I \ ' ( ._' I ' ' \ , .. ' : j ... ... .. .. 0: .. , : : ' ,. .', \ ' ' ' ' '', ' \ : I ' ' \ I : ', o 0 0 f 0 I 1 1 ;: : ' 0 \ '' : ' I '' ' ' ' ,' t ,' I ' -. ' ' .... . ... , \ ,-, .. . . : ... .... .. ...... . . ... ; .. . . ., . : . .. . . ... : .. . : : : ... ... . :. ' ,. . .., . ...... .... ,,; . . .) ........ ;., ... , .. ............. ... .. l', ,: ..... ... .. . . .. .. . IIi_.. . .': ..... 4 .9-' ... . .

PAGE 63

ITS Planning Guidelines MPOs have applied ITS to Improving the efficiency of transit operations. CMS provide an important mechanism for establishing the linkage between the development of ITS products and services and the metropolitan planning process. A national study16 that reviewed 16 fully operational and 12 interim CMSs to determine the potential role of ITS revealed the findings noted below. These findings can also serve a s guidelines for MPOs in the development of an ITS architec ture 1. ITS is a s trategy for improving transportation system operations. 2. ITS must be viewed in a regional context. 3. ITS should not be neglected for transit and intermodal applications. 4. ITS investment is best supported as a source of information for transportation system performance monitoring. Among the many rec ommended ITS solutions for mobility management, this same study found the following five ITS applications to mobility management to be cited most frequently. Again, it is recommended that MPOs generally focus on these types of applications. 1 6 A Review of Metr opolitan Area Early Deployment Plans and Congestion Management Systems for the Development of Intelligent Transportation Systems, US Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Report #FHWA-JP0-98 001 September, 1997. 50

PAGE 64

. .. . ... ... . . . . ..... . . ,. . . .. . . . . \. . . c . . . .. . : . . . .. .. . . . . . .... \ . .' : . .. ' . ,' .,,. . 0 ,' .. \ '.t. . . ; : : .,,, : .' l' : ... ' .. ., . .. . . : . . . .. : .. : : .. : artedal .. . ; :;/.": ; .. ;' . : loops, laser; acoustic) overage. for : ; bett e r ,,. '' .... ,.' .. . . ... ', ...... _, -.. : .::: r.a,mp :.metering; : .. . .,:, <;Qnu:ors: . '. '' ,' . : : >:: .. : .. .. . . . : 'adviS9JY S igns> 'it.-.::.': . . . .. . . .. . . .. . ... ..... ,... = :-:.3. ', ... :. I: \ .. . ' ;.. . : ... '.. . . (' ' . . ;; . . . . ..... \ .... . .... ... . ......... :. .. . ', \: .. ) ,.. \ J I o , ,, l,o' o , ',\ l I f , 'r o ,. :... its_ fof .,IJ:S' .' . I 'l I : .q;a>t_ .... .. ;. 6f .: ... ... : } _sy#ems ror-. .. I t ., ' ' ' ' ' :.' . pr __ b . "' ' o ' o o) f. I o o o o o o,, ' .. ' ' .' '\' ' ., ' : ,:'' ; \, ;._, ' ',', , :I o .' .'.'" .. ' 0 \ 0 "' ', ' I : I , 0 ,o _:.,.. ; .. ,,, \ ,_ :.: '..: ...... :o::. :; :' .. : .. .. .... .. .... .. .. o .... ,o .' . .: .. :. ::"'"' : .: : : : =-. : ..... ..-;.: ;'o I . . i ;o, ... 0 ... I . . ...... . I .. :' ', < I ,, I ., ,, o; :: !,' ' , ,., ', '. ',' ...... ... :. ' .. .. .. .' '':. : .' : ''',' I '. ... ; . . . . . . : I ' l.. 0 ' o.' ' .. o .. t o ,"' ' ,. , ....... .... ... ..... I " ' I .; ' ' o o ' ,' ' 00 .. . . ' .. . ...... ..... ' '. : ; : ''. ... .... : .. r : >.): . .... . .' . ..... ... ;. ; ...... : . . .: . '. . \ . . ' . - : ,, \:',o. .'. .. ...... . ' ...... i' : :" .. . . . . .. .. : . ' \ . i ".: ', , o \' ., I ; : ', "'.. '' .... .I \,'* ... "' .... .,. '8 ,."' .:'-: .t, >' 0 .. .. . . . ... .. ,o ,_., : ./ :':. ... .. ....... . ,. ... s .. ........ ........ ; .... ' .,; ' I ,. '.': ' ." . .,,.,','*' . . . ,, 'J''('' :., l :.,.. .. . ........ .. .. : -.: ',\ . :: : .. ; . .' . : . . . : . . . : . .. : ; . . . . . , J /. _.. '-. '.', ,_'. ,:','-.. :.l : 1 ";'\V ,I', , ,I ', "1 "," .. .,. , ,._., :, .;,', ,. . , .,.. ,:. o;." ; :"'., )''" . f .-.. .... . t ''.:' ,.' ';.', .. 't','"". I . .. : , ,_t, .,,,, ''"" .. ' ... t,. ' I ,' ..; , , I ,, <:' J,. .. .... t : .. : . ... : ... ;,'.. ;.. : ......... .. .: 5,j._. . . ., . . . .. .

PAGE 65

this page IS blank

PAGE 66

. . . . . . .... .. .. ....... . ,! : . . . l 0 . .... . ( ' .': ... :.,.., .... .... ... : . . ; = . . . ; 1 '" '\ , . : . . . .' . . ._ .:. ... .. ', . . . . . \ . .. . .. .. . . ' . .. . . ,. : I .... >.: .: ... .... 1 : r.iiAIYrr'a. 4 -": .. : : ..... .:::. . : i . l .: .... . . . . .. : ... ,1, .. ::_,:: ::. loi oF; rts.:i}ftoiOOi)o.t, stu.tilEs: :. : .... .. . , \ ... .. . , : c. ..... .. .. .. .' . .. . , .... ... .. .':' .. .. :,. ' I' ''. . . ''', ... . . .. . ; ':_-:. : .'. : :". : :_: .. :'. .. ,': ... ::.-. .:.'_; .... .. 0 0 0 '", '. >' .. : ... .. : :<:_ .... .. .... .... 0 "<: . "> . . : : .,. . .... : .. :. : .. . '. '\ . .. . -. : .. ... : A ::_J:Qm_do(.)ru(fy: .. :is. .m?re:. 0 : .. .. .. 0 .. : . metrop61itan.transl)oltiilmi .. Jilanning;;p.rgcess ; The: 1.9..28 'o'o\' o 0 ''" 0 0 ' 0 ir._nspoijati9 ri :. .... .. ' , ' I \ o ' ' , . . . / ') . . . ... ::. l,nvestmeQ t (MI.S)::as for 1 .; :. '' ''" ', '-' : \' ; : '..- ,,', ' ' j"!, ,'/, .: Jhe. of .. . . ... . . . . . .. . . ."'; . PoJky' Act, of .'l969 .'(NEPA)' .. '.' ' '' .'.:. 0 : o 0 1 ,, I ' : .' .'' ; ' : t : a"'propr'Iate'17 : .. -. ... ,. .. : .. ' t" . '' ... ..: !,.. . .... .... .. ) ... ..... . ; .. : .. '\', .-. '' . . . ',, . . ... ... .'. ..... : ,1 ' .. : .. ... ... .'' 1 : .......... : $ '"': ,,.', ,!..,, ,:y t 1,. : ) . . .: :. ,. . l : .:. ".:: ., ........ . :. o'' ' ' \ J. .. J, o I , ' .: 9.f _.the:: .,. , _... . .... : ,., .. < : :F!orida .. : an :pt;m o t ' I ( ! t' , 1 ' II . . !. , ... : : .. ....... . : m aster pan means ... .: ... .. : .. .. .. .. '. \ '' .. < ..-; . :. ... \ ', .. ... . Jt ... _.,_ , . . . .. . . . . .. . ... . . . . ... . ..... :.. .. . ... .. : l . -: :< . .< < il : ;.-Pta!1: .' :,b q .th >. .. .: .. .. , ........ . :_ ... : .traffic "' "" l ,' .. , .: .:. . :< .... . : te ,chhl(lues. to. "br.ing:':a'._: :: .. ', . . . . . ' . ' .. . < > :;; : : ; fii!.cflit; Y < JIHS : standards.:: ...: .. .; .' . . . ; . : . .. ,; . .. : . . .... _. ,; Interim; low , , 0 'o ._;; ,'I 0 : ,. . ., A't o o/ ,, ,''" .: : .. 111;1ProV.EmieQts. to ',protect the.-o ,peratlpn: :and ; .: . . ...... ., ... ..... .... . : : :-' ,/ o(tfie' facility a,r.e .inb.ided. > : P'i.!blic : : .. .. t r .... : . . ; . . . ' . ,. . . .:... . . . .... . . ' : . . . : : . : . . . ' ',' '"o ' I ; :. 17':Pu()lic JOSl'l,B { -}lile JuAe .9./ . . : J8Flo(ida Interst,afe Hiiftl'iay .Sys,tem Plal)pin g Libr.ary : : : .co:Rffi1, .. .. :. : : ; : ::.: . .. : 9-FD.OT Topic No;i. -S2' s7o3'o-.25b-d Pev.etop:ment.o'ftl1e F!orida.lntfastate, . .; .ujg nway'.:Sysie\n: .... :, .. : .,' ... : ... ... ' : : .. :-' . ;. 0 ol} 0 T <' , I 0 0 I .... 0 0 0 0 0 t ' I ' ' o ' 'r ., ,,. ' I' ' , I ( . : . . . . . . ' . . . . .. .. ,: . : . . . . : . . .. . ; . : . . . ', . .. . .. . . . . . . ' .... . ; . .... 0 \',. ... ::. .. ; .. . ... :;: . : .53.:.-

PAGE 67

ITS Planning Guidelines and coordination with MPOs, transit operators, and other local government officials are integrated in this planning process. Model Action Plan Scopes at five levels of detail are available in the FIHS Handbook or from the Systems Planning Office." Following the procedures outlined in the FIHS Handbook and based on the level of detail required for the particular corridor plan, ITS can be introduced early on in the planning process. The next section will detail steps taken to incorporate ITS into corridor studies. In general, the corridor study process defines and evaluates high cost and high-impact transportation alternatives from cost/benefit, environmental and community perspectives. Incorporating a mixture of ITS user services that are applicable in each multimodal transportation improvement alternative, evaluated by the MIS, broadens the spectrum of short-and long-term choices available to decisions-makers. ITS user services may not be the sole solution to the capacity problem of a transportation corridor or subarea. However, utilizing the appropriate mixture of ITS user services can increase the efficiency and enhance the safety of the system. In some cases the decision to utilize ITS applications along a section of the corridor instead of widening the highway can prove to be a more efficient option. 54

PAGE 68

. .. . . .. -' .. ./' . . . . ,; . ...... .. ' . . ' I '-, ' ,, : ' I / ' ' : .... : .... . :: ... ...... . :.-..... :: ... . .. ' : ........ : . . .. : ; .... .. . .. .. .... . ..... c ,,.t ( . .... ..... ... ..... ..... , . . . . . ' .,. . . ' . . l : '. . . . . . . ., i . .. . . ... : As previouslY, Integrating into the transportat.i(?n . : .. py' ih ali ;tages ' . . . . . . . . . . .. :. . : tl'!e: :As trad!ti.anai oxatt: : . . . . ' . \ . .., . .. : : . t,lie MIS / ..... : . . . . be: prepared. The. focus of .this subsection is:not. to. alter the.. : j as b:Uhn scitf( of: . ,. I I : ' .' ' ; .FloJida. but discuSs' ways to -hiclude.'ITS in of the.. corri9or . .. ; ::.. ' . . . . .. ' : . . . . . . ( . ' :study Another traditional elemef'lt of the Js \ . . . : ' . . . : .. .... requir,.el;f' afl: of..the:corridor .study . ways for tlie .ge(inviocedures .rie<:e.Ssar.Y. to : .. Its . The'' .. / .; '.. k 1- .. .. .. : 'following are . ft9in : Study steps. . . . . . . . . . ... ...... . . . ... ... tO" iilcof.po'rate 'ITS irito the corridor study eva'h.i'ation process: . . . : . .... ... ... '" : . . . .. ,,, .. . . . . .. :,r' .: . .. .. ... : . .: . : .... : : ': .c .; .' ... . . ,. . . . . : . .: .. '., .. : .,, .... . ,., ...... ... : ;o Jntegraditg .loteJiigenf Sysie:ms WiUlin: the: Ttansporta'iicin : > .... ....... 1 . ........... A!l.lnte.rim .... : 21 MIS Ml S -training Trans i t 199.6. .... . . . . . .. ' . . 22 Jn(egratiniriTS .and Traditional Planning-Lessons 1-eai'!led 1 Co(ridor Study:.:-: . . / . . ' . . : . . . .Parsons \]998 0 .--M ,, ' , ... 0 0 . . . . . . ... . . . . ' ... ... . . . ' . ' . .. . . . . ..... ., . . . . . . t{5 J

PAGE 69

ITS Planning Guidelines : Select measures of effectiveness that could be applied to all transportation modes and types of improvements. Included measures of effectiveness that highlighted the performance of ITS strategies. : Collect field traffic and roadway geometry data. : Use traditional travel demand forecasting models to predict corridor demand. : Apply "industry-standard" techniques to validate travel demand, estimate modal shifts, and develop peak hour volumes necessary to support conceptual design assumptions. ! Develop and integrated "macroscopic" traffic operations modeling framework to test the performance of ITS strategies as well as traditional roadway capacity/design improvements and management strategies. : Establish the sequence of computational procedures for the traffic operations modeling framework. : Analyze and test successive layers of ITS improvements before deciding which strategies should be carried forward into final evaluation. : Develop cost estimates for the ITS strategies. : Develop and present final evaluation results for the corridor alternatives. 4 .. l QE.C.QRRIQQR T!QN When defining the mobility issues associated with the corridor, elements that lend themselves to ITS applications should be emphasized. For example addressing capacity improvements that pertain to incident or emergency management needs, non-56

PAGE 70

. . . . : '' . . . 1., ' . ; .. . .... . . ' . . ' r ' : ;;. J ,,. . . . . . : ... . .. . ,' . . . . ; . . . : ... . due 'to,-weather, traffic-ll_lanage'tnent.or : : : . . .' : J. . . :. . t, any el.eroents the .potential ofiTS friJplementatip_ n : . . . .. ' . . . .. . . .... : . : : .. . '. _:._.:_: : . .. .. ... :: ... . .... ......... .... ..... ,. .. : . . . . :.. ...... . . .. . . . : . . ': \.; ... . . . .qpjeet:i\t,es-shpilld also;b.e spedfiedJr{an ItS context.:,- .. t . . \ .. . \ I ; , , , '', ' .,! ' Emphaslziog :such a5 ' ' I / : ' > .' ) < ,' ' J ' ,o. : : .capacity with mtnimum< intrusions, . . ,-... .. .... , .. : -providing: current ' :.-_ i 'informatidn:to. et(. : _, -.: _: : : ; :: . -: . .... .,. : ., .... ... . . ..... .. ' : }+ Seti,lng' ... .quantitatiye criteria 'J9r _:. : .. : . Evaiu . .: :,. ,: :. : : 'I',, ' :-: .. : o > ':. t < :" ', ' 'I o \ ' _.. .. . . . . .. . .' : : : .. . . . . . ... ..... ,:,1< ..J ....... . . . . . . : . . : . I . . , . .. I .. ( ::. Ana.IYsls:tci.Qis 9f alternatives that . : .. : .-. .. ; : : < .. . available: for use in. corridor studies travel demand: . : planning; .. : .: : > . iri,verlto'r}r filodels_ and carbon mOJ1oxlde hot spot : '.: . . : r \ , . ....... .. : .'; criteria. .. .. m\dti-: .:: :. .. : ; : and J). oblit proceS.s(. . ,. >. > .. : :' : .. ':: : :. c!t, t.:; :.zl > /: : .. .. : : -. ... . ,' '" ; .' .,J '. ,' ; :;.. : ',' ' I . . .. . . ;:w-. . . . . ...... . : .... . . ) . ... . : : : ... :,': :, . . ...... : ; .... : .. .. :.: :do-nothiilg ':is: require(! by NEPA as a : for. : : : . : ... . . e'ftvirohmental The physical : ' : 0 ' , ( t o , ; : , I > :, : , ' characteristiCs . Qf tbe::swdy atea '<;fiscussed: JTS eleme.n.t:s : that .' : : .. ... : '. "" ... 1 ( .:. ' . : < ... : : . '. and..: : to .. these an: .. be,-., ,. .. 'It : in thiqt.ep . Cpst .effed;iyenss-' ofthe -buUd .... :'_ ........ .:. ; . :. ....... ... .:-:. : : .. : .... .-. _,.:. ::::. \ : : : .. :. : . ,, ... -'. :. : : .:' . .... . ...... . ...: . . : :. 23 MIS Tr(!iriing:Course; .Natipnai'Tran5it!rlstitute 1996 . : . : . . . . .. .. ::.. . ": . . . . .::. . . ..; . .... , . . .. .. . . . . . ; . : ... .... ... : ... . : . .. . .. .... : ...... . . . ... . ... : .-: ... ': . : \ .. 57: . " . . .. . . ...... . : , . : ., : .

PAGE 71

ITS Planning Guidelines alternatives with the do-nothing alternatives are also required as part of cost-benefit analysis. ! The extent of ITS inclusion in this portion of the corridor study process depends on both statewide and regional Florida ITS architecture keeping in mind the existing and proposed ITS user services on the corridor. Low cost options such as Transportation System Management {TSM) and Congestion Management Strategies {CMS) would be Identified. These alternatives would represent the best solutions without new physical improvements. These low-cost options also represent the best opportunity for a comprehensive ITS plan. These options might be outlined with base level ITS or enhanced level ITS. Base level ITS may include the initial startup cost of a traffic management center and communications infrastructure as defined in the regional plan. The base level ITS options may not provide the required capacity improvements, however, combining several ITS strategies into an efficient and coordinated management and information system can significantly increase the overall efficiency of the system. As a minimum requirement, the expected ITS elements proposed within all the build alternatives should be oudined in lowcost options. : Enhanced-level are the more advanced ITS services that involve high market penetration and private sector partnerships. This 58

PAGE 72

. : . : .... : .... . . . . . . . . . .. ' ,. . , . ... . :. . t. .. .. ... ' . l.' . : . . . / : .. : ... ; ,. . ' ... : .. . .. ,_ .... ... . ,., : : IT$' Plaiming Gulde/ifles : . . . . . . .:. . . . f ,.,,. .' : . lTS : that . 'in : :. ... ... (;. : ..... ... i. . . : . : : .: : pble :1 in .'l.-o{ thjS .rep.ort. Usts':ITS . 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 , "' M 0 .. : 0 0 0 0 0 0 : 0 0 0 ; 0 0 seFViceV:that : ; in cprridor5. : Sel"')jces that : . ; . . . ... . .. \, . ..... .. . : \ .... : . p ertaiifto vehitle: control and safety. ;systems' may. :be . :' . ; ..... .',' .... ..... .. : . : ' . , . . .... : . . .,,.considered : = . :. >' r t '>; v ,. ' , : , ,' , \; . ....... ., .;/ : ..... w \ .. .. .... ,: . : . ' ' : .. ' t .' ' I 0 , ' , ' I ' .'. o , : / ' , , 1, ';. : .' 1 ; : ,. ; I( is">recommended . aJJ budd .optiOJ'!S .il)ch.tde .ITS. .' : It'S : 'appli:diioris. o(th.e :', / . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . and . ' that::the goils:-are 'i n a that" len cis lt5e.lf io' ' '... I .'; ': ' '} ' .. :, '> : the use of ITS' ' : :,. . : : :' ... : . . .. . : ; . . .. : :. ) _':.: :.? : .. .. : . ' : . .... : .. : .. . . .. :. .. .... : ...... .... ....... '., .J . '..... ,,, . .... . . .. .. . -... .... ...... J ,: : .. ; "! .. ! .. of e:ichJTS::usetsetV{'ce for a particular ; . ........... :. .. 1 . ,. ...... : alternative :should, be. Included in':the' .overall. cost of that : . ... .: : . .. . f . ; : '... : . : . . . . . . ; -: : : : : . . . jnduding: operatiO!): ;a):td ".lllaintenaji.c' e ; .. ..... ' . . . . ... . . 1. ';\ . . .. "s e rv 'ces ... : .. . ( . \ .. '. .... . : .. .. ........ .. ,< J .: ......... ". ; . .. . -: . ; : : . . . . . . ' ... ... ::! Tbe .. ': tiarispo,rtadon/ :SOCial, an(i.' enyirOI:nnentaL ... . ., . . . .. '\ ,. . . . . . ' . . . : ,. pr.' . : ... ; ; ., .... . . . . .... .. Transpprtation Impacts;. .;: .. . > .. > .. ,. : : < = :. -: <. . .. J ,._. :'. . .. ... . . .l ... ;.. ' ' ... ; ,_' .. 1' ',' ,',,, ',- \ o \ : . . .'; .. ; : . . : ..... ... ::." ,',' .. : . ... . ... . .... . . ; .. .... . .. ' . ' ' I ( ' '.t9 .be : :projectS; .qf ev,atu.aii9. n :' ... ....... . .... ..... .-..... ... . . , :m1,1st :the: col:ri
PAGE 73

. ITS Planning Guidelines : Forecasting impacts of ITS can be accomplished using previously described planning analysis tools (section 1.3.7): SCR/TS and IDAS. : Another practical methodology for evaluation, as documented in the Seattle 1 5 North Corridor Study, is the Process for Regional Understanding and Evaluation of Integrated ITS Networks, {PRUEVIIN.)24 PRUEVIIN is a modeling and simulation tool for assessing the sub-area response to time varying conditions and the impact of real-time traveler information, along with more traditional corridor/regional improvements. : Further research is being conducted to document evaluation methodologies used in different case studies. Social and Environmental Impacts: ! ITS strategies mainly involve telecommunications network, computers, data proces sing equipment, smart cards, traffic and transit management, etc. Impacts of these strategies are virtually non-existent compared to construction impacts that Include right-of-way acquisitions, relocations, land use patterns, wetland mitigation, water resources, noise and vibrations, and air quality. 2 4 Incorporating ITS into Corridor Planning: Seattle Case Scudy, Executive Summary, Final Report. Center for Telecommunications and Advanced Technology, VIrginia. Federal Highway Administration, June 1999. Published at http://www .itsdocs.fhwa.dot.gov/jpodocs/edlbrow/7c0 I !.pdf. 60

PAGE 74

' ;_-. .:: : : .. .. . . . ' . , ...... . . . . : . : . :. . . "' . . : -.. . . : . ... : .. =: . : .... .... .' . . . ... . .... . .,.. \ ,, : lTS: are. used tne envirQriment.. . : ever}r ' . . . . ,.( . '. ''' . . . . . ; . . : tQ use transit, . at:: and trafflc' 1 : , ' ' :;. : : '' ( : I , ' ' ; and impacts o,f-ifi.e .However;, ... : ", .. , .. !!)crease with .JJ.S and . impacts .: .... 'to . \ . . ., . . . : : cotild :increase.'. These to be ::. :.and-:b alan .:, : e d : . : ; : : :' > : ,'. : : : . ' ' . ; . . . . ... : . . . . . . . . .. ,. . . . .... ,, ... ....... ,; .. . . . ' : . ':. . . . . ; : .. .: : . .. ..' . : . . . : J .-. ; : $ ..... Flnaf'\dai..Analysis: ... : : .. .:' : . :.-. : : : : .. .. ... :. .; ... . : . : : : .. : .. c-... ;: ,; ,:::.:.( .' ... . : : : ;,) ...... .. ::.: :-:< : Federal : momes favor:: : corr[cJor .proJects thac prom.ote. ; the : A :'' ' , : > >o .. 0 ',, > : < -national ITS > . : . -' : .. . '::-, : :; . . "' . . . . : .. ' ... . . .. ! Attention shoi.!ltf .be. paid' the of capital' COSts, ;of.', > .to: ;The . ' ; ' ,. ' '' I ' '1. ' ' ' ' ,I J v > ' ' ' .. : Fiorida.ITS strategic: plan-sho.uld the ' . . . . . \ . . " . . . ahd coriidor. .. cost JTS . . . : : ... .. .. ' "' : ; : . . : .... . . ; . .. ... . :' recom.me!lde.(Hor indusion:Jn. builq alternatlv.es;.the . ; . it s somewhat 'standar l ilie ... " . ' ... . . . . . . ,. . \ 4 ; \ : ;: build alternatives. +low ever j -ITS: services . . should .. .; ...... . .... :' .... 0:. , .. b e Jtem1zed .and .. trade-off( should :be '.. '. .-: '' I, : . n,otecJAn,.order flecisioll"makers are infqrmed :()f. all . , .. . ; . . ' ... ..... op+:o ns.. .. ... .. : .. : :-:. .. ... -: ... . . ,. I u \ I ,, , 1 : .. .: ... (" \ f :.. .. ancf :maintenance :tnt:!uding ... cytle .''costing . '; :.:. v' . : . .. . ... : . . .. .:.should : b e used; to . cot:npare: . c o sts : Qf. I,TS-' aJten,1atives . witb>." < ,. . .. build .. Trade betWeen costs Of ( ' t ; ' I ' ' . . different.' of alternatives' be :de5c;rilied : i)'l a . : ; that heJps . : .. .'. . ':. . : . . . .. ., : . '. . . : .. . . . . \ '' .. ' t ; ' j < 0 0 V .; ) '-; . . . . . . . . ... ., ; . .. . :' . . . ... \ : ""'. : . .. . : . : . . . .., .... ' v \ . ' . . . . .... . ' . < . < 61..

PAGE 75

ITS Planning Guidelines : User costs that involve purchases of smart cards or transponders, for example, may be counted as a disbenefit when assessing costs of ITS services. ! Anticipated public-priv ate partnerships should be detailed in this section The extent to which the manufacturers would participate should be clearly noted. If such partnerships have already been established with existing ITS user services on the corridor, they should be noted and promoted in this section. : Cost/benefit analysis are done In view of the goals and objectives outlined in Phase 1 that discuss not only c apacity but Issues such as safety, peak hour traffic management, system efficiency, emergency and incident management, commercial vehicle operations, etc. PUBLI$; T!:fE The Florida Statewide Strategic ITS Plan highlights the following steps to follow for including ITS in the public awareness/ lnvolvement2 5 process. : Include ITS education, training and outreach for policy makers, the general public and technical staff : Respond to special user needs of commuters, tourists, goods movement, pedestrians, bicyclists, and the elderly : Identify and support ITS advocates/champion s in local government, public agencies, academia, the private sec tor, and the general public 25 FOOT Statewide Str a t egic ITS Plan Final R e port August 1999. p. 13 6 2

PAGE 76

. . . . . ' .... . . . . . . . ; ... : .. ,. . :-: . .. : ... .-_ _-arid. . . . . ' : ; ' . . . provide a systematic. ; \ ' . .. . ..... ) '' . . ..... . ; . tecliitologfes/new s}istems; pianning:methods ... : . : ' ... : ... .' : > < : . . : : : : .' .... . .. .. .. .' . . ; ...... ' . ; ... .. ) ..... . . : . : .: : . zgsM N., ... : --: : : .:: : :_. .: . .-., : . : ... I . : : 4.._dV. .. . . ( . . ' . : . . . .. .. .. .... : .> . .... !_. .. ..... ..... .. ; .:. Tbe ;of; the. study ;_prpcess where tile.: . : .. r : . . '!. t : , : . . : : : : idEmtitied _)nd ari( . . . <.. ... . . . .... . \ ... ,': ; . : ) / : most ITS The, . ' , ; "' .. \ ( I : ._./dtal,1guage to : :-:i1rot>Iems ; anci :diicusS': ' ' \ ' ,: ' I ' '' I. , , I . .... appropriate solutions .tQ : -'corridQ(: rriobilizy : tan : eJther . "' J .... .. :: : , ,. .... .. ,. .: : ; ... _._ promote HS us. er sel:\l_i<:es or exclude-them, :_ . : . . . ;:. . . :considered at .ttie:. lnei1tion of-.tH{ --: ... ... . . . . : ". . . ;._ . : ... :Jriterageilcy ... :, (publoc;pUJ)Iic : .partnerships).: : .ahd . .. : . . ... . . . .. .. 'i .. : r _pliplicprivate .Partnerships .are.Jmp6ttai1t to. the success.'.of . : ... .l: .. 1 ... :: : : _. . : . . . . . : ... . . . . :. : ...... : . .... : , .. -: .. (: .-: : : . .: : .; . : -': ::Al.thpugb n : s oi{a : ' .' , j ;: I : < '' : ; : I .': ' 0 ' : a :anc:f . . ._., . . : ...... : : . .. ... .... . .... . : .. : in: ,-mind Will, hicr-ease. the: effiCiency :and : ' . :.-:" ,.' : .... .. .. __ : .. . . ...... ' : .' .. ,' .:< . _:.., : . : ; . . : . ' ' ( . . : : .. rrs / network:and: Jn : J\ .. Florida;sfioi:dd be' dear to arrst1keholders. : : : : .' ": : : ... : .... .. . : .. : : .. : ;; \ ... : .; ... ' ', : I ;. ':0" ' ' .. : ' : ', ' ' ' ; ',' \ : ' -. J t I : :. ; l . . '. . . : ... ., .. . . ' .. . .' .. : ' ., ,' : ...... ' . . :: . ... ... ' . .. : . . . . . . _,. . . . i . .. . ' . ... .. ... : ":' . : ' . . . : . ... .. . ... : . ::., : . . ': . .. . .. ( .:. ..... ;, ; >. . ..... ... .,, . .... .'', ::: , ,.. '",' .: '. ..... :: .. ; ,, ,: : : > . I :.'. \ : ... : > . : : ., : : . ,.':. ... . .. .: ::. ..... . : : :\ .:; .. .... : :',.': .-. ; . . ' ' . : .. .. ' : '' .; .; . : .,. : . . ' ',.: .. . \ ,... ",": r . ,, .... . . ' . .';, ' . .... ..... . . : :'' ... ... ; > ... .. .. .... ::' .. ...... : ' \ < .: : ..:. ,,, < ; .... : ' :. t . . . : : ... '63 .

PAGE 77

this page IS blank

PAGE 78

, . . . . .. I < . . . . . . . :.).:.l .. ... . .. . . . . . . : . .. . . . .. . . . . : .... . ; . . . .. . .. . ...... . .... . Ill. ,111!1. . . .' : . .. . jo .... .. .. ... .. -.; . . : 'l '' ,,'JI> > . .-< .... : .... : .... : ... .... ;o: : . :::> _::. . : ,' I , 1 ' G_4 ' '0' 0 ,' ' , 0 :_:. ::.-:iJ.cuRtiNcY. .. IMPActS > l ... .. .. ,..... . . .. ;[X. s.' : p.LAN . N .. IN. G . .... . ..... .. ::: . > .,- : : . :- : :' : #' ; I : . : a ': .' -.::. ., # '.::- : . .... '. ... . .. . ... ,. .' ....: ........ : ._, ... "':.. .. . ... ... . .. t ,, : : ;< ... : :. : .. c ,.-\ ... ... 't', "' .l : .. : ... ) : .. ........ : . ..... . . i _il ( 1 ( .... ... is th, e . : pf> : .: cp'ncOI'reJ1cy : ,' \ .: :. .. ; .' 0: ': .... of _growth l, . :,\. . .... . . _.:.'the .federai[Y-presc.rlbed :metropolitan glanrihl.g. A v a. for .to l>e. irifoi]iect ::iJy ihe ; . . t : . ... :. ... -- /' : requlrerhents;: C;an contribute\ to : :. : "', :11 ; : ..... .... .. .--. ... .-:. ':. ... .:..\..; .: .': .. ; : ... .: ... .. . .... :,. . : . . . . . : : .. . . ..... ) f ., ' ... ,c.;,:.:.: . : . :._ ... . : : ... ........ . .. ... .-:' : . . : ......... .:.' : ._.. : ... .. ... . l ' ''. \' . .. J,,,,. '. l ::: : . : ..'_ o .,., , ... ,,''-" ; I : : to pla}tain f -. >6 '" ' ,'\ , '.'' ''"-, ; I', : Joi:al in ... canying out the. ; .... 'or .... .rills.' 11i: :. or: t.lcy :- : .:. .. t .' ' staff t:o . ... wllen.Jhat,is :n6t the .case, : MPos :,. .............. . : ... . . . . ... , . .. ; gdveJ11ments .with . : .. .. ...... . .. :Of. ... anCJ .. with .appfy1ng. traffic fej,te 'castilig models i.tse c r to : . . . . .., . . ,. : . . . : ... . . . ... : :estiriiate future.tevels o'f.se.rvlce.. :":. : : : :.,_, : _.: . : . .. t. .,: . : : .. ,, : : .. t ,.: .' .. : : : . . . _: . . '....... -: : .. ' \ . ...... . . .. , .' c .., '' , ' I . ..: .... . . . : . .... . .. . . . . .. . \ ' ' : ,. '"' I> o ' I ' _.,.. " ' ' .': 'as. they.-. haye . eV.olv.ed over :tim;e/': ; t , ,' 0 , r 0 ,, , 0 ' ( .' ;,',, o o : 0 o \ o >-I ' .. . for .ns, techrtotogies! :. : . ,,. . .. . . . . . p .'. 4 : !r;Wo :. .. :play to. ; _,_. -: rif <.: ::'; .': : .. : >:: . , ,': .. . r . , .' ... ', 'r.' ., .. .,_ t' .. .. \ ,. ' : : I ' ,, .' .'. ... : : : : ,. .. : ; : ,C", v .. ; ... ..... . . .......... ...... . , : , . . . . ....... . . o ' ' > I ' I ' ' ' > I ,, .. l ... . : ......... ... .. . .... . .-. .. .'. ... : . ... .:.-.: .. ;;. . .:. . ::. :. . .. ' . .... . . ) . . . . ,. . : . .. ' ( ' ' I I lo, ' .. . ' . . . . . . . . '' . : .: .. : ... . . .. . ...... .. .. , o t ,\ .-. : o ' : I , -illlllllliiii'. ::_. . : .. Rfi' '-

PAGE 79

ITS Planning Guidelines ! Assist in the basic data collection efforts to monitor existing levels of service ! Optimize the capacity of transportation infrastructure elements, thereby minimizing the potential for current and future concurrency violations. IHE Q F TJ:tE.LEVEl QF STANJ2ARDS IN The 198 5 Growth Management Act requires that local governments adopt level of service (LOS) standards, which form the basis of concurrency management systems. The purpose of a concurrency management systems then becomes one of assuring that the locally adopted level of service standards are maintained as new development occurs. Measures of effectiveness for determining level of service for transportation facilities differ based on the specific types of facilities, as indicated in Table 5. 66

PAGE 80

. .. , \ .... . . . : .. .. . . : . ....... .. . .. .' . . .. ... . . + . .. .; . . . : . . .. . ; . . . : ... . . ' .. . . . . . t f ..... .: .. . : : .. : .. . . . . . . . . . . ... ' . . .. .. , ,\ r '.' ... : .: Table s : -. .Measures of Effec.tiveneSi:for LOS-:Detemi inatioif . .: .: :.,', ...... 8,,'... ;. ...... .\ ., .. .' ', I '! ' ._, .. .. .... .. . .... .. ... . . : -. . ... \ : . . . .... . .. : ... \ ...... .. . ; \ .. -' : .. : Measure of : . ; : ... of; ; I : Effectiyen'ess . . . . : .. . . .. . . ... \ . ..... < ... .. rreeways . : . .. :. . ... : .. Ba'Srctreeway -:'.: : : .. :. J ... .. .. : .. ,. lane : . .. <._ . .fvl' l h tl-:; . : <: : : .--: F.Jow r.a .tes i,. 1 Q r : : .. . . .. ,_ . .. . .. Yehrcles per ho1:1r <: .. ... ', . : -:._' .. r : niile par ; : r . . . -: ... : . . . . . .Jane .. .... .: :. . Two-lane HiQhwa'vs .. 'Percent time. delay . .. l?er{:erit : . : :<: U'nslgnalized ,.. .. :: . : .: . .' ; .. :: : : ;' lriferseations -:. . : . .., : Arlerials : : : Average. traver speed::; .. Mnes per Transit': . .. : Loas:j factor ,.. ,-: Person per ses lls : . ... ne d e e;tri.an : . .._ : .' ... : r .... .. .. . :. :.: -: .. : . .. pedestriaA .. : >Saurce.:. B .oardr .HiliiWar .. : . , . ,_. : :-: . . -: ., .. :..-:', z .. . .' .. : .' .'.. :/ ; .. ;:. .-,: ... ..... : ... . . .,' . . M9st . governments :in Florraa. have P.fimarnf relied on; the .:,. .. ... .. . ,, . . . l-eveL \ . . ., . . . . . ... . . . t .. ,. ... .,t . /," : ... :. \.:, :. ;: : \,' . .............. : . -.':. : 1', ........ _. \. ... :. ,' ..... .-. . :. : :. . .. ( -' : 'I: . t'' '. . . . .:: : :1TS ni,a)lagemenHri.tWtf.importanfways:: .. : ' o' I ' ' . ,!,, ... .:. '' : ,., . .. .. .. ........ \ ... J. (. I ., ,l ' ., '"" ,:. \ ', :,, ' ._, ' .-(' .. .. , .<. .... :. ., .... .. .. ... ':. !.:--::0:: _' >': ,: : : .: pf. the transportiition sY.stem : : ' : o ' ,' ..,_;. "'" / " 'I ' . ..... ; . . .' : .. . .. ... ,.. J 't '} : . . .. . . ..... . . : .. ... .. ;, : ... : : .. ( ,;: ...... : .... .. .... o' ' ,'' 0 : : .. ,.', ,' ., :' 1 ,: ,i .. . . ... ..... .......... ' ': .: . . .\1 . '. . . . . \. : . .. . . . ;.: .. 'I' ... ,. : . .. ... . . : . ..... :. : :' :: . . . ... ..... :. .. .. . . .... . .. . . . : . . .. .. .. :.' . .. . : . ... . '\. .. :" . . .. .. . . . .. . . ; . . . .... . .. ... . . . . ... : . . . ... .. 1. , ; : 2 6 {lbrida Departliltml of T:ransp.ortadori/Fiorlda D'OT 6f.Servlce'-Maillial :. : .. ... . . .:..:: .. :.;., .. : .. ... : ..... . .. : ...... . . . . . ., I . ,, "' : t ; t 1':. .. . ..... '' . ,.-: C .. ... : I ... .. ... . . . . . : . . . . . .. . . . . .. : .. -: .. .,,;_ ..... ...... I' ., \ ., o ., ) ;o. ,.: 7 .... : . . "" ..

PAGE 81

ITS Planning Guidelines An important consideration in local government comprehensive plans is the maximum lane policy adopted by Florida Department of Transportation. This policy provides that limited access highways in urbanized areas will consist of no more than ten lanes with six lanes available for general use and four lanes reserved for high occupancy vehicles or longer distance trips. It also provides that other state highways will be limited to six through lanes. This policy has clear implications for transportation concurrency, in that it indicates that concurrency problems cannot always be solved by the additional of lanes. Concurrency management systems typically consist of two important parts. The first monitors the existing condition of the transportation system and relates it to currently adopted level of service standards. Most local governments rely primarily on level of service standards for arterial highways to assess compliance with concurrency. Though the LOS measure for arterial highways is average travel speed, local governments have found It to be much easier to collect traffic volume. data than average travel speed data. As a result, they have typically made use of tables In FOOT's Level of Service Manual. These tables use typical operational and control parameters to convert the Highway Capacity Manual measure of effectiveness for arterial highways, e.g. average travel speed, to a traffic volume. It is then possible to estimate the level of service 68

PAGE 82

. . . l.. .. . . . / . . .. . . . , ... \ .. ;.:. .. . .. . . . \ .. , ', t 1, I 0 ,,' , : fT.SPfannl.hg Guld.eline$ p . . . . r ...... . . .. . .... . ... . ... : : . : .. ,', ,.. . . .. ", . . . .. . : ... :.; . . . : . .. : . .. traffic: voi_lim. e : data.:: The : ., :. _. tab.les: an .. :'or :levcl ;or ;,.., .... . . : 1 ; : .... .. z :,.S:erVice: < : lT:S . :data .. :. (e.g;; .. yl.deo ::and .. I can.' Pe,iiltit: ... more . c. .. ,.. . . . . . . _';:Jeveh,f-seivke 'monitodn g . > .... : ,. . : -.. :.' : . : ... ... . ';. .. .. : : . . . ::.: : . ' : 1 ' ; : ; \ : .. ; '. ..... .. ::.. : :: : 7 , .\. .. : . .. . .... < . : ;' ari .. $ystm; : ,,, ',,' -.,, , r ,'. ,,,, ,'I ',', . \)f b1eth0:d aJ,Td.' keep .:,trak ,qf the : : .. ,.. .,.. : f ..... : : .i ....... ... J ; f9f. . <_lf. develop!Jl:ent;' , .:, :ad.dliig the o r1ew;trrP.$. fr
PAGE 83

ITS Planning Guidelines a more accurate estimate of current conditions than can be obtained from any computer analysis program. ITS technologies can provide the means to collect more robust sampling of speed delay data. ITS technologies can be of substantial assistance to local governments and MPOs dealing with concurrency management, by facilitating the collection and monitoring of system performance data. As noted in an earlier section, measures of effectiveness for determining level of service Include a range of factors, which are specific to the type of facilities being For roadway measures such as density (vehicles per mile per lane), average travel speed (miles per hour), flow rate (vehicles per hour), percent time delay and average vehicle stop delay (seconds per vehicle), and data collection can be greatly facilitated through the use of ITS technologies. The most basic measure of transportation system operation (and concurrency conformity) has been traffic volume data. Over time, technology for this fundamental data collection effort has evolved from pneumatic tube counters to inductive loop detectors to photographic counting methods. These newer technologies represent some of the most time-proven elements of ITS. The ability to collect, store and analyze large volumes of traffic flow rate data can be, and to a large extent already is, assisting local governments in their concurrency management functions. The incorporation of usmart" traffic data collection equipment has 70

PAGE 84

. . . . .. . . . .. : . ' I 'n ' ' . . . .. .. . . . . .. .. ' . . .. . . < ' ' . . .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ... ;, . . . . . . ... . . . : : . .. . t ... J . ,,.. ... .. ( . . . \ . . . . .. .. .. . . .-induc(ive; : loop . . .... :. .. ,,,. ,., ....... -' .. \ : : . : . . ... . . . . . ... ; . ; : softw.are :th 1 o :,: ' o o . . . . . . . . ..... ,. , ' .. . .. . .. ' .. .. ,,.,.,, .. : . .. ,.':' , 'I' ... ''!:/ . . . : .. '' . . . . .. . . . . r.< ; :.': -:: _ It .; 0 1 0 o 0 , 0' 0 )> r 0 0 l .. . . .. : :. \ \ . t ,.. ':. .: ,' . ... : . . . ... : ..... :. . . . . . . :. .. . ... . . : ( . ' .. . \ .... . . . .. . . ... innovaflon . : of i'ntefllgeJ1( tl'anspoiiatto.n - I o .. ' : of - .... ;:'It, : .. : ::.' -. .. : ... : ,. .. ... : ., 1(--:.and: .. . : .of :Q( . ' ' ' I ' I \, ' ' .. , '1: ' ' \ ,' course camera.s.Ur.Veillance has also -been .. used to observe traffic : .. ..,. \ l .. : : ... . . . . . . . . . . . 'conc:Utio'ns; aQd . '.Notably, Q_rlando . . .. . . . . . .. . . .. .. . . : . .];.:. . .... :" .. . ., ..... . , ; ' '', '',, '' I, ,' . .;. .. . , .. .. ..... .. . ,' :' _ .. . . , . . : ::" . .,: ... , ........ . ' ,,',,, I ' ..-:: .: , ',' ' ., .. ' .; :. ,, . . . . ......... . ... 1 .. ... .... .. ;; .. . . . . . . .. . . . : . ': : .... . . . . .. . ... ,. .. ,1' ' L : ,\ .. . .. 71 :

PAGE 85

ITS Planning Guidelines has installed over a dozen high level cameras along 1 4 to monitor real time traffic conditions. With the recent development of optical character recognition (OCR) systems, we have seen very successful applications for traffic data collection. Specifically, the use of OCR systems to record vehicle license plates at various paths along a facility has been shown to be an effective method of determining average vehicle operating speeds over a defined roadway length. Even more recently there have been articles in the popular press about the ability of high altitude satellite imagery to be used for traffic data collection purposes. S. VEHI<;bE TR}.<;KING There also have been some excellent applications of various methods of vehicle tracking, which can be used for purposes of determining average travel speed, the primary measure of arterial level of service. This can be accomplished through onboard vehicle transponders working in concert with roadside receptors, as demonstrated in Houston; alternatively, onboard transponders can be used as they were in the Orlando TravTek demonstration. CUTR has performed a project in the City of Miami to demonstrate the application of triangulation using ground-based cell phone technology to vehicle tracking. These technologies allow virtually continuous tracking of vehicles, which can be readily converted to operational parameters such as vehicle speed.

PAGE 86

# ... : . \ . .. .. . .. # . . . . . . . . . . . . .. ..... . \ I .. ; : ' o '.. .. : .' ,', / '' : ' ' .' o.' o ., . ... .. . .... . ......... ' , . : :, ' . '. .. : .. I"'' ': 1,' .:. '.:A:DDII!QNAI::.CONSIQERA '. : ... ,:. : > <: :: .. .-.. ... #.. .... : .. -. .\t: -........ : .. .. . ... . . l.. :. :. I . ". _' . . .. \ .. : . '. . ... ,:-. . _-; . .... .' . { ... . '-. : ..... : :., _.:,.,::: .: .. ":. I,. : _. :. rcia s 9r.ow!h: A< .. .. j ,r;' .. ' .-,and: .it$ requirement;: a local"' ... ... . . ::' ."'\' ... . ... applied: lnhoY.a$'e of-set:\]ke that-.._..' ... .: f .. .. go . ,::siQiply: .:. measur,h)g:. traffic::.: . .-.:.Group!l)g.' ... .. .. c .rpadways :in<".a ciorrj_dor to a levcl of '. . ' . ' . . :. . ... ' ... . .'.a.veraging levels .. 0 f 'over. a ;. ... . . . . ' . ... (' . .. making 'w.ay ilito ' v ,. ,,.(',, ' .,, ',. '' : concurrency ,'.-These tec!1niques. .:. ' .' i : ' 1 I , ... ., ,. ... .,. '> l it more irJ1portant ,colleat. 'performance .. .... \ .. : da ta eco no,..:.;.lc a I 'fy .. .. ' : .. . : :,.. I JJ ... o ,l,,, ' , 0 ,'", ;, . . . '. ,. ': . ;: . . ' ... . . . .... "' .. . . , ... ' '\ . ...... : "._' "f : :., ; : : ... : : '. '' ... : . . ' . _: .-: t ."" , ''tot'".'' ' l l J\E( CitY :of. as-. part of.the1r . .... ;.. :: : : -.. 1'... ',"! . :JTS :carL: help" ; In -as:' '. \ '.. . . / ... ) 'J. "' ..... ' ,. ' ' '' ; .by a .project .. iri Hillsborbl.lgh'Coimty . ttiat made ' ' ' ''' ' I ' I , .:_ : ,. ,' ',, ' ., ._., ; :.of.: at.tificjal.."lntelligerice.: Wi.th ':photographic . : ' # ' # : . ... "" .: ... .. yehlcle 6.Ccupa!_ity : .::. : -. : .": . . . -: ::-:. ; :. < ...-. .. --. ,. .:' .:= .. . , ... t . . . . .. . .. : . .. ' . ,' , , , o , o ' 0 I I' '' ,' 0; I' : : : .. ... : .. . . .. ; . ... . . . . .. . '"' ,. -; ... . These: brie.f. exa.thples cleariy tl\e grea( for: 'Jts. : .. : -. ..... : ':' , ..... ... ........ ,"' .. -'..' .. . : to :he:. U$e:a or cqnditrons :: . . . ..... . . . . . 'z_'\ .. '... ,. ,# ... ... :.. ... :of< : . '... : ... : ... : .,. .. . . . . ; . . . . .-: '-: .... . . . ..... . . .. .. ... . ..... : . ...... .. ......... . . . . .. .. .-' .......... .. : .......... .; ,; ... . ! .. . : l ; '. -. . '' ........ ..... . . . ' '. '. . ': . . ' . . ' ,\1 : ' .... ' ,, ...... .. ''' ... .... i ......... .. . I ' ' ' : ,' :' : -: ' "" : ' , , ''' ', ., .I \ ,-. "' ' ,' I ,.-\ ' ' I ,J, ' : ,... ' .. .. .. .. \ ', . : .. ... ... .I ( .. ' . . .... -. ... . ': .; . i .. . . . f : .. : 7.. 3 : .. . .

PAGE 87

ITS Planning Guidelines 5.8 1tU;RE6SING THE QF THE SYSTEM The underlying purpose of concurrency management systems is to assure that the transportation system i s performing at a level that meets public expectati
PAGE 88

.. . ' ' . . t . . . . ' . ' ' I . . . -. .. . , .... ' . .. . >". . . . . . . .. . . . . .. ... .' . . ' . ... . ' ',,, . . ., 't . . . . . . . . . ......... ... , >t .. ... :levers; Q( ,serVke. .. Electtonj<; :paY.nient :se..Vkes' for .. ,/ I .'' : ' : ' ' ' ; : ' \ ' > ,_ 0 ' ,'" : ; ; ., .and . ;transit. Users Y catt. .. : ; <. ? . : ::->\'., ; ' ; . : > .::. ' ... ' I ' ' \. ........... .: ,: .... .... .. l f 0 \ ' ' o ' l : ' ,... ' , : .' : ; ' : , ,. ' t I\ I : ' 0 / .... . ; .. .. . . . ,<. ... . \ \ ,.. ... . : : ..:' : Serv!ces ,can . minimiie':the :-'; : Impact ' ) .. . :.:risks violations; ,_. . ... : . .' . ... < . ; :. ... ... .,. / : . ,'" ... :: ' . : ... : ...... : ; '. . . .... ... ,.. . ....... .... ... ... . : .. ' ' ' . . . . ,. . : . ; . . ... . ......... . . ' ..... . ., . : ) . . . . : : ' ... . ' o ' ,_ ' ' ' ; > ' ' .. t ; .'. I', :. further. into.the ,future, . .in of :. ,; -' : ':' "1 . ........... ...... : .' .' ... : veliic:;.lecorltr91 anq _s.afetY. :there.Ifa ::. .. :capacitY :i.v <;utrently ... : ' ' .' f' ' > t ' o' : t ' I v ' t . : Coritpone.ot.s. 'lpngitudina(and. : t ' ' , : '-... \. ), ' r' c .,. .... . avotdance-$Ys(E!ms, restraint:, ' : .. ..... : :. : : : ' '\ > ' : : > . : ': ' deplbyine'nt;:aUtomated : system coneepts' ". : . . .. .. ,... .. . ... . . . ' ,. . 'f ... . .. ,.. . . .: .. ,safety:: enhanceitlent:S .. c(jllecti_vely:)bave. the:. al>llltY ,to. : . . ... -: ( . > .. ' ; . . .. ....... . '"> ... : : in,re.ase. ovete?rtation. elefi1e!ili . . ': ;. . : > . .. . : . ', .. ... : .... ........ : : . . , ' . . >.,t, : ... : ... : : :. .: . .. :. ; : . : . . . : .... : ::, ... .. : . . . . - '. ' . of the JTS the.:. . .... : . : .. ', .... .. ; '.: ....... \ .. '. . . ,, .... . . ()f.': thf. )beat : :.' ......... .. ,.' ... .. . . . .. ... do. weJ(. : to : and fee. "for .. . . ' . .. . . . . . ... . . . .deVeloped:oritri6utit>ils to ( : : : .. ': ,': :> t ,. : .. . -:_. : ..... . : ..... .!:' .' :. . .. : . ...... l : ' .. .. . . ( . . . . . : .. . :..:.: ...... : . . ... . : ... .... .. ... : ... . . ...... . ...-: .. >. : . :h1 summary, itJso.:clear"tha(JTS J)laY. a . ( . .... . . ... . 'i .. .. .. . / . ,'. role)f .' : . ' J '' .. ' , y .. . . . ) . .. . . . ) .. '. . . ' ..... , ... . : . ,.., ... ...... -. ..... . .. \ : ; . . : . . . . . . . . ; ' ' . .. . ; .. .. ' .. ? ,':,,.. ( ... .... :,, ;" ":. <,., ;. .. :. r ., ,. ,,! ... . , I I 11', ' ) " .,, ', ' \ ,' ,'.'t . \... ,. ; \ . . . . , .. : : .. .'. ' -' '<,. .. ... : .:. ; : ' : ... ': "., 1 1 .' '.; ' '; ,;, ' I : : , .. . ; . .. .. : . . . ::. : 'o. : ... ' ,,'-I I > , ," ... , .' '> , .. : > ; ,'' ' I ; ; ,'o'' , > ; ;' ' ' ' ' ' ' , .. .,. . . . ' . . . .. . ... ... ' ':. ':' ' ' ' ' } : : o ' : I > : ' ,' .. . ... ; : .. : .. .... ... . .. ..,7!).

PAGE 89

ITS Planning Guidelines ! Greatly facilitate the measurement of current systems performance ! Enhance the operational efficiency of the transportation system It is Important that local governments and MPOs be aware of these potentials and be prepared to address them as they look into the future at potential concurrency management problems and solutions. Specifically, local governments and the i r MPOs need to include the full range of ITS services in their toolkit of techniques to deal with congesti on and minimize the negative consequences of concurrency violations. 7F.

PAGE 90

' < . . . . : . , <> I ' f ; ' . ' . . ... . . . . . . ... . . .. . . . . . . ... ' ...... ..... :, : . : f'a.nning f3,fii qelines

PAGE 91

ITS Planning Guidelines poor conditions. Some people will be induced to travel more because of the improvement of the quality of service.... As congestion eases, travel becomes easier and more travel may occur as a result .... As travel increases, congestion, fuel use and environmental degradation increases." Richardson suggests possible short and long-term impacts of ITS technologies. In general, she indicates that ITS technologies aimed at improving public transportation operations will have positive impacts on sustainability both in short and long term. Similarly, measures primarily aimed at enhancing safety are expected to positively impact sustainability both in the short and long term. In general, she raises uncertainty about the long-term implications of advanced vehicle control systems and traveler information and traffic management systems on sustainabilty. 6.2 .JTS .6N.P.AIR.QU.ALITY. $UST AINAaiLIJY The issue of short-term versus long-term benefits has recently come to the forefront, largely as a result of requirements of the Clean Air Act Amendments. In responding to meeting the national ambient air quality standards, many metropolitan areas have included strategies aimed at smoothing traffic flow, which characteristically results in lower air pollutant emissions. These actions have included expanding the highway system to better accommodate growth, as well as traffic operations improvements, of which many ITS measures are a subset. 78

PAGE 92

. . . ,. ". ;'' .. ; :. .. .. . : . . . 'J ..": I ' :. ' t ... . . .. . . . : . ... . . ' . . . . .-: .. .. : . . . . . ..... . .. : ; t : ........ . ..... ..... ._,, . _:).;_:.;., ... .... ;..! .. .' ... .. -.. :' ... .-: ... :Research. hi: 1 99. s ,.... . ', ' ; _. : ' , r : : :. .. P. ''., .' '" ' . :24.51 . ,..,. ........ ........ f . :for, Air ;qua!ity . was .. IJy a bh.!!'!.tibbptr a9vJS96r .dealt : . .. . . . . f '' : ,., ' ,! ; I '.': , ' 'Qf ; s ,hort-term, ve,r.slis :.of:.t.fajls'port:atiop : .. \ . : ... ..... \. .. ,'', .... . . .... : .. key :uil.cerrai!lo/lf a t .l. : ' . ' ._ ., . .: tramc -gro\Vth,!. stirin;dated the. .. 0 ,,: . :. ... ... . .eni\ssion .. gain . :: -.' --. .:. " :-' f', ,. )"eport .:that . ot metfopplitan : .' o 'l!i .. . ":: ,.\1 .. :: major 'high\VaY capacitY to. a*acf I " ' ' '1 \. 0 ,. o : < 0 : ,' 0 0.' I ' \ 0.. ', ', I .' . :ni9tor 'liS,e, rriuldpte: ,smaW : \ 7\ : : . more .tQ. :,sithply fr.om I ' ' o ''' ' t ' I ' ... to .': ,. _': <_ : : : ... : : :. < : : / ; ...... ', .. 0 4 : 4 .' .... .; ............. ,' ; : ... .. . :' . . , .. \ . ..... .. . . . ....... -.,:, ........ . . . . . .. . . . . ... 'o : .o' ', : .... ; .. : :. ,; : l; : . ; ... . _, \ .. ; .:r)1e ) f .RB-. ... . Re$ea,rc.h': a.:PJ:pJecf)5 .. . .... . . . . . . .. . ... '-:. \ . . ,.,Terrri At.: .. :Qi.uin:t}r' of' ._Tra(f.ie: .'.f).Q'w' : , ; i ... . .. ... , ( ; .... .... .. . .. :::or . : a : . : .some. to , ',l '\. T .. , ' ' , : ', 0 I ' 0 '" ; : o.n A .... . : { .. ... , ..... ... mpel!lng .. . .. .. . . . . . ... . : . . .;. .. imp,orta.nt : : ' I -.., ,1 t ''/- <' , . ,., : ': :at-; .an(f rn :to: .l)e awf!re.:; 0 : ... 't .'! 1 o . .. : .. : \of to: . .. : <. .,-.. : ..-_. .; : . ':.: : .. 0 ,"' 0 o o o 0 0 : ; 0 4 o 0 o :,., .' '0 ' ' ' ' ', 0 .... ... ';:, .... .... ,., .. :\". ..... .... . .... : ; .: . : ... _. ... ................. .. : ' ... .... ::.. .. : .. ; / . . . : .,l,., . : . t . _.. . . . . . . . . ' ,.. . . . . :, ... -: .... ... .... \ .. ,,, ... .,' .. . .. . : . . . :. . . , . ... .. o(,... .. ... o 0 '"< I ' \ t ' I ' 0 ' ,) .: ' '. t, ' ' o o' I o o ', 1', o ., '1',:1 ,,',,'' , . ,, ,:'1 .: .. ..... .... J ,'\ .... ...... : . : . . . .. ...... j ... :. ... ' : 't ... . .., . . ::! . . .: . . '.. . "' . : .. .. : . : : j I '... .. I ',... : ..... ..... ...... : .. 0 ' o , , 1,' ,'.' 1 ,f ,, , : .' .' 0 : : : ,' , ,', ,", :, 1 '< 0 1 o' o , ... ...... . ... I :: .. : . : \'.. .. '! : .... :.(' : t : .; . . . ''. . '"' . . . . ;. . .

PAGE 93

.. BY JllDISTRIBY!IQN Qf INDUCEp TRA A major difficulty in evaluating these impacts, bas ed on current transportation planning methods is caused by the static nature of c urrent travel forecasting models. Specifically, trip generation is determined based on exogenous land use assumptions. The models will invariably show that more transportation capacity, whether in the fonn of capital improvement or operational efficiency such as ITS, causes a fixed number of trips to move more smoothly. The reality of the interactions between transportation system improvements and land use/economic development are not very well reflected in our current modeling system. A major question with respect to capacity additions, whether achieved by new construction or operational improvements such as ITS technologies, is whether improved efficiency of the transportation system causes the redistribution of growth that would have occurred elsewhere or whether it stimulates productivity gains that results in new growth. This issue Is highly debated at this point and an ultimate conclusion Is uncertain. One argument contained in the TRB Special Report 245 states ... "There is no empirical support for the proposition that highway capacity additions in regions that are already substantially developed make a measurable difference In overall levels of population or employment growth ... thus providing capacity which simply accommodates more efficiently the inevitable ne\\ development." 8 0

PAGE 94

' .. . . .,::.: : . ... : : . : ...-_.:. \ \ .. .. -.. : : :,. .. : : ... : .. .' .. l : :: :. ... . .. . . . . , .. .. . . . .. . : .: ... the' type of .operatiQ.nal. . I ';. ' ' ' ' ' ' '' ' > ' : ',' : '', ' ' t .traVel.. to Qtcur; The. Issue' . .: . : . ... . .; . i : :,;. ... : ... j"j ,..-; ... .. of: need. s to be . .. ; . < ; : . ... . ( : \ .... : :. . wifl of'the . . . \ . . , ..-. . .. . . . . Qf gr.oWjng'. j)o.J).ulatlo.n.':c;n1d" 'em;plQyrjlefit Jn . l . ... ,. : . .;. ........ . wetr.opoU(a' n.areas : T:0, ton' sideoh e . .. . .... . . .. . . . ,' .. : . . . ; : iT;S.;. ::bimpar;tson: nee_q $ : to a .'futu're. forecash w .ith ... . : . . . ;./ ,, . ... . ...... . . . . .... ,:,: .. : .. ,ITS' and a:: .. fu((Jre:forecast :Wtho.ut -'ITS .< .Only bY :doU1g . this< ; \ .. .. . \ : : i'; ;' .... .... : .. . .' . .... . . . .. "':-..... . : : ,th.e .ofiTS . .--. > ::. : : :" ,'\ ... : : .! .: : . .. J .. ; ,. ,. ... : t ... ) . ... ,' # .: ., ' ; : ":. .. .. ,:' .." ' ; r: . '' ; ,"r., . '.'. : . : : : : :';:: . . ' > . . ... : : . ....... .. : ; : ... < : : : : ... : : .. \ : : :.:. ; AF;l : ... the ... : debatf : on . . . . ...... .... .. : .... ... '" : ' : : .... . . . . : re!ates. tQ ;equi(Y.; ; : : ipeQple ;while; :ot6ers il1cl.tr: ... . . '. '" . \ ' : : . : . : : . . . "' : ...... . : : :_fosts . ln;the. pase. ITS. .. : . I : _.. ' ' ' ' ,' ' :.: JO the hl bt. aiLelelj:lentq>f .. ... ...... .. . : .'t : .. ,. 'iS' puMnto . . : . . . ,' \ . \ ... \ : . . . ' . bene'fi.ts: onl}t we;t!thy;. :WhP capal;ile. :,M(ordihg' ._the . . . . . . ., . . .. . . ., ' . ,... ' ' , : : :costs ITS . ' ;' : ' : : ' ; I ' _.: _. sentiCeS 'l)lay b e '.'Seen: as .. : ()r\-: tile . other : hand; rn;ihy : . : . . .. : ' . . .' il}ti!ient-:and _;: lf:S . :. . . . . : .. ' . : .-cbntrQI: .bene : a l .. or :.: ' .. . > .. \_' . ... . '. . :tbeY,: h ,av.e :.ability.-.to intef.face di(e' ctly ; with ):vcJ.tral. : -:. I ' ' : ; .' I ' ;_ ' .;, ., . ,,. .. .. . ( ... '\, . .. -;I ...... .. :.. : : : ) / : ... ; : . ... .. :' ... .. : : ... ::.. ._ ... : . ... : ... :. '.'. . : )...... .. : .:_.: .. . ... ,. ; . . : . _: .. : . < . . ... : ... . : _,::, / . : : , .. :,. ... .... 0. : :. ... : .' ) ... ... ... >' ..,, .'! : . ': . : ... . : . : ,' . r.:'. . : . : ... ) .. ' .. ' I . ; _. ;.'.' : ...... : .. : : t : : ::; :.._ > : . .; > . . ; .: . : ..\ . : : : . ... :. .:.' ;,.', : :. ; . . . : . .... . . . . ' . .. . . ... ... . .. ... ..... . . ' ...... . .. : . : ,. .. . . . : .. : '. > ; : . > .. '. .. . . . . ... . ... >: .. 1 . .. . ....... .. ' . . .. . ' . : . . , ... ... ''.. . . . . ... : . : .... .. :: .... . : \ '81'-' . ',.;,.-

PAGE 95

ITS Planning Guidelines Clearly ITS services In support of travel demand management and public transportation operations have a significant ability to benefit less affluent elements of society ITS services related to commercial vehicle operations contribute to enhancing the overall productivity of society, resulting in lower costs and goods in the market place, which benefits all. Emergency management services as well as certain advanced vehicle control and safety net systems have the ability to benefit broad segments of society. As we deal with mobility issues of an aging population, services such as collision avoidance systems, vision enhancement and restraint deployment systems offer great promise. Concerns of social equity in the transportation planning and project development process generally arise from lack of access to the decisionmaking process. Historically, lack of access to the process has resulted in disproportionately high and adverse impacts on many low-income or ethnic minority communities. To ensure the participation in the benefits of ITS improvements by all elements of society, transportation planners and other professionals should seek to engage the public in the decislonmaking process from project c onception through maintenance. Several federal and state initiatives and other resources are available to provide assistance. The resources provide additional tools to help address questions of conformity. Chief among these is the community (social) Impact assessment process. The process helps transportation planners and analysts consider the effects of proposed actions on the human environment and the quality of life. The community Impact assessment process can be used to analyze potential social equity concerns of an ITS action. Along with other factors, consideration 82

PAGE 96

. .... . . J . .... .:, ...... . ::':' .'. ::. ..: . . . .. . . . ,.., :: . ; -:,:: .. : ,.-, .; .. > rr$ . . . . . . : .... ;: ,: ', < _,' 1 ,' .. : 11,.o,; .., ,." _ : .:, . . '< .. t J ; ... .. be. _giyen. to . d _ec.isic;>lJplaJ<{ng : .bupacts;:and:cumulative. : . ; . : : : :-. . . : .. .: : '::"'.' : :;::':-:. ,::_<: :' .... : _:';:_: '':::_.i/.-:. : __ ; .:\;"' .and pro. cess .can .. ".': ',' : 0 '. , ,. ,' '., : !" ',': I \ 1 .: : : . that: th . r,eaGhes. : 'Key e,Iements to . is ... .. .... .......... . detenniilfriifhow the target audiences receive information and thEn'! ,.:. \ . : . ... : .... : .. ;: . :,. . . ' Tliis:often. means. going'by0:nd . th. e. traditfpnaJ. .. : .. :! .. . . . , . \ . ... . . . : :. ,nt'>tke. ;md :The :-outreach :plan and : lo: a : . . . . . . . .... . . .. ; . \ . .... . '. .... . . ... . :: appropriat1;qo .. :fnany" recent' ............ , : ; ., : .. : .... . .': ...... .. : ; ... . , ; ... . . imnUgrants .. t& this h-ave>, origins il'\ n o .nde'nJQcrat.ic ... .. ':. A publ.ic by. a agency . . . . . . ... . .. . : .. : . . . . ' . . \ . .. ' ..... ( .; : .inay oot be tapp'iopriate ln .gener;at, ' > . : efforts: to irivolve . potettiial) y frn pacted: populations . . . . . .., . . : . . . . ., :. . {. : : . equa.lly a .nd tp bridge ,a,r. :<;i.tltliral barriet;s :(hat may : .. :. . : .. J ... l.. ' '' '. : a<;c;ess t .O: the: ..... . . :: . -:. ; . . : . j : .. . ..; '; . : ;" . . . ... : : .;,: .. : . :: . .. -...... .: ::. : . ., .';. : .' ...... ... :,/' . : : ... . : .... .. .. . : . . ... . : .. , .. ... .' ;. :." .::. as$es5ment techniques;: witb' ... -.: to:Jdentiff 6f :propqsed ns : . ... : .. ... ;} .' : .. . '. .. :. ) ..... .. ... :. :.: . If are .efforts .sJ;tould ....... 1 r : to addreSS' :the i .n. :ar.i maflnet. fof_ Clll : .. ; ,.. ; ( t ': .. ; : : poptdatioris. :; avoidi.ilg: _the .. ' ,, I , . ' ' { . ... : .' '. . . : : ''' : fiitding attern_atives that .l'nin,iinize Of,, or . . : . .. : . ;, . : ;. ......... . . : : ...... .. : . .. ... : the effE)Cts of .-.: anatxsts _also, tan . 'use : : ... : . : ;, ; . . -. ......... . .. ... . .'. . . > ; : .. < , .. . . . . ... .. : . . _.: .. . . .... :.: .. . \ .. :'. .. .... : . . . . 4 > .. . . . . , . ... . t I ' . .. . ' . . . .... . . ... .,. . .. ; ... . . . 1 l , ) 1 : : < ; > : : : : : ,' ' ' ' I ' ,., ....... ......... : :. . a .... .. . . . . .

PAGE 97

ITS Planning Guidelines The impact with the respect to sustalnability depends not only on the ITS element, but also on pricing, public policy and on vehicle characteristics as well. For example, if automated highway systems, in which we might theoretically double the vehicular throughput rates on a given facility, were to become a reality, at first glance we might fear a doubling of the auto related air pollutants. However, during the same time period we potentially might make additional great strides in the efficiency of motor vehicles. Eighty-five miles per hour vehicles that run virtually pollution free are being talked about more and more. While this guidebook cannot provide clear answers, it can raise clear questions that need to be addressed and considered in the decision making process by transportation policy makers. When evaluating ITS projects, transportation planners will need to consider both the short term and long term implications on sustainability. As noted, the primary issue to be evaluated is to what extent a particular ITS project will cause induced traffic, beyond that which would have otherwise occurred. To the extent that ITS actions facilitate mobility without inducing additional travel, they will have contributed to sustainability. This contribution will take the form of fewer air pollutant emissions, less noise, and reduced cost of transportation. 84

PAGE 98

. . . : . .. . . . . . . ,.. . . : . . . . .. . .. > ... . . -. . ... . ; ... . . : -: ... . .. .. . . . ... _.,_, .. . . . . . ' I . . . -. . . , . . . . . . . . .. .... : . .. ,. ; .:: .. _.:' ... : .: : .... ::..': < ... .. > .. ... 1 ' I 0 0 o 0 o ': ,o,l' .... 0 A .. ,' 0 0 ', 0 0 o ,' .. + o : 0 ', ... o : .. ,,, . .. . ihe ._.deployment'. :of.:,;rs ean significant!l .. t>erie.fit: ' . . .. . . .. . . . . ; .. : ; . : i . ... t r ,_. ., ... ... 1o the : e>tt.elit OUJ .. to 'Operate. more lf tan a :IIOW US. .... -:,, .-..... .. .'l .... . . . ... .. .. . . . . ... . to .. accomilto(late:. growth:.' wjthotw : fu.rti,ler. .fu. ;the .. tr.insportatlon: i>rthe ti}t : \ .' o I ::'' , ., ': ; :' ,' ,' : opt_iiniiJhg of the' Syste!ll>.. ."J an ,'J;l:etter' ' .. ., . . ..... ... , ,. :expansions: : .:.A-:. strong . . . ............ _, ... ''... . :economy. is: t(le . . of . : : ': ... .: ... ' f' '.. : .. ,. . ... . : .'' ... . . . . . ,. ... ..... . .. .. . . . .. .. '. : . ,' . : . 'll' ...... . ...... . . .. ... : .An souf.ce Jf a:: re,(:ent ........ ... ... ....... . . ,\., (,' . . . : 'fDOT ::reporti lrhJl'ad Qf J'ntellige_nt.: .. .. 1 ........... .' ., 'i : $.ysieins _iil_ : .Fiorida?-A'"' ,.; .. . . . . . . . . . '-. : .. this . :o-r .. \ .. ,. . . ,, \ ' .: transpQr:tation..ls :vltal to Flbrioa's::ecgi1omy. : tt rel3.tes to : . :.:the::: .conm1uterts . tile: c;r. . ' \ . . . ,. . . '.' . . . .. our -or: of .ro: r tol(rlsts, .. t tansp9rtatioli. ' ' ... : . of \ F.4onpmlc .. cQhgesti6!i, : . . 't : . I, .. .' allqWs. fqr : Informed t ; r . .. .,.; .. ... : :decision*), 'and: I \ .,. "' , ' ' ' '' ... : : ; :: : .. . :. -:: ... __ : . ': '. . . . .. .. .. . . .... : . . .... .. ........ : ... ... .: . .. . ... .. : ..... ,!. . '( . . . .. .. .. ., .. .. ,' . . / " ,. : .... ,' , I .,, l ... .:-"" .. :, ; .. .. : .. ., .. .. ....... .. .. ... t 'i': ... : -: :. , l. ."' ... .. : ,' : '.. ," .,.. I ., 1 , ', ' -; ..... --. , . :. .. . ...... .t . . . . . . . . . . . '1f:Jrite1Jigimt 'Tr.anspqrtatio.n .Systen1$ ...... : . . Paf?_llr: (FinaJ. 1:. .. ; : : : . .... Tfaqsportatlon.byKPMG Peat'Marwlck; D ,eeernber 1'998: . : .... ... . . .. . . \ ; . ', '., ( : ... . . ,... "' ,. ' . . . . . . ) . ' .. : : . i ' J. ,\ ,., '' ' :' n . . . . . . . . .::.:.io

PAGE 99

ITS Planning Guidelines The above-referenced paper cites a number of categories of specific ITS applications that can benefit Florida's economy: ! Support of highway pricing initiatives/electronic toll collection ! Improved regional data c ollection and dissemination for transportation planning ! Opportun ities for new service and product innovations ! Hurri cane/flood/fire ! Restoration of capacity after disasters/major incidents ! Tourist travel information ! Resident travel information/reliability of employee arrival ! Traffi c operations for draw bridges ! Reliability of good movement/impact o n just-in-time delivery : Management of traffic / travel informatio n / electronic clearanc e at intermodal termina ls/access to ports and airports ! Mor e efficient allocation of existing highway capacity ! Incident management/special events traffic management ! Management of traffic under constructio n The full paper offers detailed examples for each of these service types. It also suggests the possible economic impacts of ITS deployment in Florida. It estimates that direct benefits from transportation system efficiency gains ( pnmarily travel time savings and accident reductions) could amount to $13 billion benefit over a 20-year period. Expected gains from rural applications and CVO would be additional. 86

PAGE 100

' .. .. ' , . .. . t : .., .. . .. . . . , .. iTS ... . . ,, .. .. (' ...... ( ( . : .... . .. . .. \} . . .. .. ... : Another potentrarcontributiQd 'Of irs is the . . .. . ,.(' .,. ... .... t:est(lt th.at"'may .make area ri1Qre to')'l!gh . . '.. . . : .' . . t... : . ... . . . .. t .... .. curre.nt .. : tQ .. . ' .. . \ . . . . . . ..... .. ;1 : 4 .. fpr . : .may ;pe enhai:lted additibtl' ITS : te thnologi,es .In. the .... :corr.icio? . ... : : : ... : .... .; .. : < .. .,: . . ..... \..': .: : . ;. \ ... . . ..: .' 1 : : ,! i . ., .. . . . .; ''. .. i'fS. has.mafor.:implicatlons. fot:: trealt:fl. h , .. ... ..... :: .. ; .. Our. .competitiYenl!ss, in. o1.1r abilf\y .to .. . . '.. ; . .... . .. .: .. . ,),\ .. :of.:,.our can . enhanced .. . . earJY., . . ful& integrating rrs :solutiob. s lnto :Qu.r '. ,,. .... ,. ..... ; . . : plal)neii Jo .stretch . :tneir J!liaglnaiions oto Inclu'de . al(pci.s$1ti'e . :: .. :: .. : .. .... . ....... .,..: . ,. c, . . . .. . ... . . ,.. . . ... : . ... . .. .. .' ': 'I ... .. .. . . < . . . ., .. ". .. . I . . . . .., .. ;: ... .. .. . : to . : . . . ..... , . . . , < .. . .. ( . . . ,. . .. .. .... . . .: . . J, '! . . . .. ' .. . . ... . ' ... ' . .. : .. . .. .. . .. .. .. ... . ' ... . . .. .. ... . : . . . . ,_. : . .. . ., . . . . .. . ... .. . : . \ . . . .. . . . ...... > ... .. . '. . . .. .. .. ........ ,' : .. . ; , . v . ' ...... . . . . . . .,. : ... . . . ' ,. : .. ... . .. : . ..... . ... . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . ... 'II': . . ,' : .. . .. . . .. ; ,' . . . ' . , ... .. .. . . ... .. ., . ,. . .. . ... .. . .. . . . .. ' .. . . .. . : .. .. . .' ... ,' .. . . . . . \ ... - .. t' ' . ": J . ( : . . .. . . . , ...
PAGE 101

this page IS blank

PAGE 102

. . : . . . .. . . . . . . . J . . . . . : : J -: ; . . . .. . . . . .... ., . .' . :, .. ... ..... . : ,.'" . . .... ,'\, . . '; . : . \ ,.,., ". . ..,-.: ..... ; ... ..... ... . : ... : ... . . .' .. : ., . : \. :. \ :. . :-;.-:. ... ,. ITS:: AAa>:._, . :. ': : : _._ .. _: .-.. ;. -:---.. : . -.: . : .. 'IMPROVEMENTS .:. : . '. . . . . . . . . : ... .. : . . __ . .. . ;t' .. . ....... '.':"" .. .". ' : "I' I '' ' ;, '' ',' : .:The feat!,l.re::o.t I ,is : .. ......... ... ........ , ':t, , ,, "' '.,:, ;o' , '. for to. acJ(n owledge ef < ' "' I ' '. 1 ' : ITS as tool -for:.' sCi!Ving .probieitiL. .... . . .. . . . -. . . . . .. . , : ,: : }11usi.._ COITIJTI(t ... tO. i'ncoiip<;)tadhg. fTS: SOJLJtiO{lS' into .the \ ; .t .... : prgtess. (not separate.' selecti6n iol': ''' .. ......... .. '"\ ... : :and o .. ' o y, + .. I ' ' '' o o ' ',. o : . ea'h .a( Jri. 4 _ire: ct with': other. _: .: . .. ". .. .. : ,., .,. . ... ...... ..... ... fot.avallable'fundlng. .. .-.,_ .... .. : : : -, I ' : '' !l: ' ' ' ( ' ,. : :, . : _' : ' ' ' ' ,1' ,,; 'o o ' o o o ' o \ o, ,'o' I :' ''.','' ; .' ':: : : .. : .. . J '. : .'ls;lITS. :.: .._ .. ....... .. : ... .' : : o ,' ( o ,r .' -',' o : o # 0 # .' same' time.-'. as ':.traa,tional .project .. somewhat diffeterif . .' ' ._ '' 'I ' r .,..,. ; ,,\ . suggested 'tor: project _,ianlruaryU.97".pp. 19:22: . : ; ... : ; . .-=: ........... .. .... : ... , . 0 .... \ ... .... ... . '... :' .. ,\' .... -. .. . . . ' I ' ' .l o : ,' : ,:' : 1 : ., .. _. .' o . o'' .. 0 I ' ', 'fo, ' ' .. . . . . . .. 0 .... .. . .. . . -.. .3

PAGE 103

ITS Planning Guidelines 90 Step I -Project Identification An ITS project proposal must be formally submitted to the local ITS Steering Committee for review and consideration. This proposal should include but not be limited to a detailed description of the project, life-cycle cost analysis (compared to conventional alternatives), and cost-sharing opportunities. Also, ITS projects generally have higher operating and maintenance costs associated with them. For example, the cost analysis included for a ramp-metering project would be compared to costs for mainline widening. Likewise, capital and operating costs for electronic tolling would be compared to estimated costs associated with plaza expansion and increased labor/operating. Individuals, public agencies, or private companies can submit ITS projects Step 2 -Project Screening The project selection step is intended to screen out ineligible ITS projects from those presented in Step 1. In order to "pass" the project selection step, the local ITS Steering Committee should consider four different sets of goals and objectives. More specifically, eligible ITS projects should clearly address at least one objective in each of the following four areas:

PAGE 104

' ' . = . . . . .' J . .. .. '. . . . . . .. . ,. : . . ,. . : : n;s Pliinnirig (311ic1ellnes : , .. .. ( ,. < .. < . < . : . ; ; ., ; ... . . . . : . . . . .. .. . ) ' .Figure}-: ITS P-r(ijett' Pla'nl}i!1g > 0 ' ) : 0 0 M .. '' . . . .. . . \ "': . .. '; . . . ... : ; . . t ... . . .. ,. .... . ... .. .. . .. ': :-. :.. : < .. : . . . . . ... .. . : . ' I ... . . ... . . ' ... .. . . ... .. ... ... . . '. .. : . . . . \ ' ... .' ... . . ... ... : . ,, .. \ . : ; . .. . > . ' . .. . .. . . ' . . < . ....... .. .. ' . ' : ,t . . .. . .. . . . . .. ... . ' ... . .. >. . ... .... . .. ... : > . ... ... .... . ' . : . . ' ; ': ... . . ... '-' ' . ; . < .. . ) ' . . ' .. . .... . < \ .. ... . > ... ' . . .. .' . .. . ... . . . ... .. ... .. ' . . .. ... .. . , . . ,:-' .. : ' . ' . .. . . . 01 .

PAGE 105

ITS Planning Guidelines 1 Conformity with National ITS Architecture, the Florida Statewide Architecture (for updates see http: / /www.jeng.com), or Regional Architecture 2. Florida Statewide ITS Strategic Plan 3. Regional Transportation Priorities 4. Local Area Transportation Needs Under Conformity with National ITS Architecture, the checklist of questions previously noted in Section 1, as part of the Interim Guidance would be lncluded30 Under Florida Statewide ITS Strategic Plan, objectives noted under the four goals of the Plan would be considered.31 Objectives for Regional Transportation Priorities and Local Area Transportation Needs should be evident and familiar to all. Step J Project Prioritization Again, if a regional architecture already exists, project priority would be based on adherence to the pre-determined phasing plan for implementation. Otherwise, this step identifies a set of qualitative and quantitative factors that will be applied to each project. Establishing weighting for each set of objectives noted in Step 2, times the number of objectives addressed in each area Is strongly encouraged. For example, questions addressed under Conformity with National ITS Architecture could each be four points, 30 Federal Highway Administration, ulnterim Guidance on Conformity with N ationa l ITS Architecture and standards," October 1998. 3 1 Florida's Intelligent Transportation System Strategic Plan, Final Report August 23, 1999, pp. 9 1 1. 92

PAGE 106

. . ...... . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .,. : ,l, ... .. : :. : . . . J""'"'P. . :Mfle, ""' "' .: -: ... !). ... :: ... ann,ng .. ,u, : . .... 't . . . .. . . . . . ,. .. . . . . . . ( . . . . :-. : : '.. '.. . 0 ' 0 0 I 0 ' ,' 0 '-0 V 0 , 1 ' : : : . : under-' f!t)rtda l l. S > ' 0 ' ' I I ' ,I : .. ihre. e :911. ..... : ::. ... ... . . . . .. .. .. . . . ..... .... . ... : ..... : ... . .. . , ... : ..... .. .. . .. .... ..... .. " 3VII . .. : : ... . . ... .. ... :.= / . # : .... :: :; : : # :.. ... i..... .:. : ( : ...... # : .... ; : : _.,-: . I ; :,: : ; ': :.... . ... ... : !' .' : : . : .. Qualitative . .(nciQde. consjde,(ati<>.ri project-' "' , . : I .,.,: : ... , , , . > : : a.s the . ', relailqnsNP.: t p .: : :_ . ... -vs: : . :; . . . : . ... . . . ... . . . .:' : .. .,., .... .. . .t .... : . . oppoi:tu.nities, : lever of slJ.i)peti lb1te rageltcy, :and' g'ener.al . .,.. # .. '-t ,. . :. : : !"lbl.lc);.) il ;ne .' or.; : . .-. ... or h degree :<>f :.for.: . .. J ..... : . . ......... .' .... .. . .... . :oper.at1ons .. : .. ..... ... ,. ... .... ' ' ' I ' ' .. '-.. .':- ," : .... k : : -:. : .. : : : : : .. "'' -.. . . : .... :. . . ' .. . . .. 0 0 : 0 : I : 0 0 '> < ,' '0 , ' .,.. -' , ' 0 : ' .',, I 0 0 1, 0 .. : ; : .. : : . ... ':-'. ,. ... : : : : ... ( ' J : : : : : : .. .: . 1 . . : . '; o ; I ' : ' o '' ' .. : o .',', o .. : :. :Fat,to_r:S: .-Jn. : -:3 : : : : : .:. :.: .'IJS .. .esublisll .:a. # ' \ . . ,.,. J. .. ,,. I I '" '" ' ,'I ' ,. , ' . : : order ofirnpQrti..n<;e. : ... IT$: projds ' ... . '. . ;.... ... .... .,..... :, .:.. : .. : 1 .. : . . ..... . ,' .'_ : ' ,, .. ''' , r ,. :. : .. ;: t . .:-'; : : SteP'S ...;'AJioeatlon of Fundlnt . . . . ... . : ... : : ...... . ' ; : ... . :: : . ' '"'. .. ' . . ..... .... . : . ) . , . .. ..... . . . . . : . . '", : / .. : ... . . . . . .. . ... . . . .. ; :. giv;en: tg_ .. .. . '.: .... . :th9,t ;::ar{ i ':)do :. : . .. . . ... . .. .. ,.. . . . . . . : jnd : area ... ; : A .. fu!ldlrig for .: .: . : . ... ., ....... . . ........ . . . : . ... .. . . .. ";' .. ' : ..... . . . . . .. . ... ; .. :. .... . . . .... .. .;; . . ...... . ...... . ' ': ' < <( . ........ . . . .. ,. . . .... ... ., . . . : . .. . . '#' ...... ,.::. .. ; . . ' .. . . ) . . : ' : , .. '',"' : ,' ',' ; 'I' ' ., . . .. v ' ....... ".... : ' . .. lillil...... . . . . ". 93

PAGE 107

ITS Planning Guidelines transportation would be used to fund the highest-ranking projects (ITS and non-ITS combined) until no funding remained. Projects not ranked high enough in the current planning year would be re-considered beginning at Step 3 for the next fiscal year. 1.2 . PQTENT.I.AL AtiQ IT$. As previously mentioned in Chapter 4, there is an on-line ITS benefits and costs database that exists at http:/ /idf.mltretek.orglits/benlcost.nsf/fnn/home. Also, under the U.S. DOT's ITS Electronic Document Library at http:/ /www.its.dot.gov/welcome.htm, the 1999 Update for ITS Benefits can be found as document 8323. Several examples of estimated potential benefits to be realized for a number of ITS user services are shown in Table 6.J2 It should be noted that reported information on ITS benefits may be based on a limited number of references, and the assumptions and constraints placed upon interpretation of results may vary from project to project (thus the need for standard perfonnance measures). This information is intended as a guide only. 32 Intelligent Transportation Systems Benefits: 1999 Update, prepared by Mitretek Systems, Inc. under contract to USDOT, May 28, 1999. 94

PAGE 108

,' '( ' I I . . . ... . . ... '... . . , . . . ..... ... ... . ..... : .... . :. ... > . . ... : . ; .. : : . .... . ; ; . . .. :.. .. : ITS Planning . . . < '., , '' " : ....... '.' : ; ' : r :. > ; : ; .! . --: :.:--.:. : - .:. ., . J .. ... ..: . .. .. . ; :. : . .. . : f . . . ; ' . : . I . ' : ,. , :. ; : : : :; .. . ':: :. : . :.' . -.. . '-.. .: .. ... tr:avel ".' .. < ( 1) (2) :: ;: -. : ( 1) .: : . : ; :. .: : : : . . . . _;., . 20-43o/o'r-edl!cti_on in .... .. .. . '. . . . . . . ., . . ' h '(:2",\: \ : . ; . . . . \ . . . . : : . : eras . ':..l ... . .. : : : ':15 ,soy? ir( ; : ,o.: : ...... . . . . . ... ,. . -....... .. . crashes-.... .... . . : . .. . . .. . . : .: ; ; = ( ; : = . 4 .0"12Po/o increase in vehicle : . : . ) . . . : '. . . . . . . . . ; ; ; : -, . . .. ; throughpi,Jf.. , ': ' . . . . . : . .. . ', . . . . . \ ' . . . . .. . . . ; . -: -, 1'0 -43% reducbon1n,. . ... . : \... .. ; : ... .. . : .. ... 1 .. ... . . . .. ,. ... : : -:. . : .. ---op,eratnJg. .::: ., CO.)lecition-: ... _, ': : .',_, : . o '". ': ; : ,> :, o o 0 o ... '<&. o rbo ,' .. '> 'dO ,-' a Ti-:Joi , : :, ;,. ... : .... : . : ... , . . : ,orca On rnqpOXI.:.e.r <)fo: .. '' .... h." b n ''' d '4so, ; : .. : ... : ,. .. . . -.;. .. ...... . :' .o. Y1-1r.ocar o s, an : . ' . ,. .. . 'f' d ... f 't . ... : .. > .. :.-. .. . > ... : -: -;. . : ; .or o m r,ogen per : ; I ' ' ' ' ' ' ( '.' : ,.: .. : : . . : : ... \ . : : : . ./ . ... . ... .... . ... : . . . . .. . . : .. . _:_ .... ... : _,_ . :. : -.-: . ':. -:_._y; ::::._: :.; .. _: > : : .: , : .. :-. : ...... ... . 1mprovernent1non-. <-:> :. : -.. . . : time-performance. .. : : ..-. .-, . . .. . . . , .

PAGE 109

ITS Planning Guidelines the ITS component costs contained in the cost repository that would be associated with some of the user services listed In Table 1. Table 7 Sample ITS Cost Elements Lifetime Capital O&M SubsystemfEquipment Costs Costs (years) ($K) ($Kfyr) CCTV Video Camera 10 $25-$50 $0.6-$1 7 Signal Cont r oller Upgrade 20 $2.5 $10 $0.2 $0 5 Ramp Mete r 5 $30-$50 $ 1. 5-$3.5 Variable M essaQe SiQn 20 $65-$120 $2.8 -$6 Electronic Toll Reader 10 $2-$5 $0.2-$0 5 Emergency Management 20 $5-$10 $2.5-$5 Communications Software Emergency Vehic l e On-Board 10 $0.3-$2 $0-$0.02 Communications Interface Video Monitor for Incident Response 5 $2 7-$3.3 $0.135$0 165 lnteQration Software for SiQnal Contro l 5 $180-$220 0 Integration for Electronic Tolling 20 $90-$110 $4.5-$5.5 It is very important to have benefits assessment and cost estimation for ITS projects be conducted and/or reviewed by experienced ITS Steering Committee members. Outside expertise may be required to assure reasonable ITS estimates for benefits and costs required for equitable project comparison. The Phoenix MPO has informally adopted a rating point system (which has been slightly modified in the example below) for comparing ITS with non-ITS projects. This comparison rating 96

PAGE 110

') ' : I . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . : . ........ t''' ,., . . ... .. s .' :' -:-' 1 . ... < . . .. ..... # .. ' . ' .... . (tO .be utilized. by tf.s W-ocrklng: or : : subcommittee ofttl: (rJ\q :reiativ'ely to ' '., J I ' \ . . '. ; . . . .. . .. \ . .. ; .. ... ar)d a ,goQd stait!ilg point-fbiappliation.'il'! .flor,i(fa: .; .. : :: -. '. ... ..... .... ,. .. . .. _,. ; .. #.. . . : .. " .. . ... . ... ... .. .. :. .. . .. . ..t: ._. .. . , . . . : : : : ... ..... :. : : t ... . .. syste!l1-..ls fqi.lr .. .-oc ead1 . ( 1 )'.. (2.) I ' ' ' cost, (4) : jl,lrisdlc'tlon match: : : ... : .: :, .. . :-_ .... : : : ::--. ,_ .. . : .. . : . ' ' : ' ;,. . ,, '. .... . . ... ..... ' . . '... '. '. # \ ', .. ,., ........ . . . ' .. .. ... \. ..... .. .. , I ,:'' ., ', ; ,. ' : ,,.. o '' :: -rii#imi.im:of1.00 .'poiritsjs to. each.:project accor(IIQ_g ,\. . : ... . . :_ . ..... ( .. . . .. ": ... following'_pplnt: s cale :.;-;:: _::-.. :: ' .... : ''' .. ,.. >' ' ' , I . , .... ,' ' ' I . 7 t .)< . . . . : ., . .... .. . .. .. . . , . . ..... , . .c: .. ': : ... .' ', : ' . : 45 Ma}Qmum . . .... '. ; :.' ..-. .... . .' t' . .... . . . ; . ' J .. . . ' ' ( : . ,. :,:. l l '.. , : ; .. .-.:-, r ,. ....... .. '.. ., . . : ,.: ... ... . _.::: : .::: ie;ISt:na\r _. .: } .. :" . -..:. r .... : . . .. ..:. . : . ... :: .. .. 25. poiO,ts .for ad,dressing_ .... :. , .. ,., ' 1 .... :' ts :: po]rttt a d .ded j f:.' pro jed: spedal .event. t r .affk: . ,'"' '' ' I ' .' . : : . : : .:.--::;: : : . . _:.. ... : .. . : .: '1 : ' .; .. -. . ' ....... ... .. ; .. ... -.. .. _: .. ( .. -.. > :> ::_ ; . . .. .. . ; . . . . . .. . . "' ' '' ,'t(' I 'o\ : ' ' ,' o '-' .. .:.-. \.' .... : .. . . ,. . . -. .. .. :. J \ : .' : : o 011: :YM.Tilanemne
PAGE 111

ITS Planning Guidelines Cost Factor ( 15 Maximum Points) ! 0 to 15 points, based on VMT /cost (0 for lowest and up to 15 for highest). Projects for which VMT estimates are unavailable will be scored based on project cost only. Jurisdiction Match ( 10 Maximum Points) : 0 to 1 0 points, based on extent of matching funds from Federal and/or State (0 for no match and up to 10 for highest Federal match) The National ITS Program has highlighted five major goal areas, each with preferred measures of effectiveness. 33 The ITS Planning Guidelines recommend utilizing the same MOEs as follows: Safety ! Reduction i n overall crash rate : Reduction in the rate of crashes resulting in fatalities ! Reduction in the rate of crashes resulting in injuries ! Improvement in surrogate measures (e.g., reduction in speeds during inclement weather, reduction in red light running, etc.) 3 3 ITS Evaluation Resource Guide, FHWA Joint Program Office, February 3, 2000 Appendix A, pp.4-9. 98

PAGE 112

. .. . . . . . . . . '. . .. . . .. . .. . . .. '. ... ,. . ,_' :' : I .. .. . :. . .,.:. ... ,:_ :.-:::. .. : .::.".. .., J .. : . ... . . . ' : .'. . . . . . . . . . . .. .' t ' 1 '' 0 0 o,', 1 '0 ''"I\ o ' ... o 0 \ 0 ', .. > :.:; : .V.Mt/Janetmilf : . .: : : : ... : .... : . : . .. .. . .. : .. . . . ... . . . . . . . ( . . : . : . :-. :. ::-:::: .. .'/;_:.... ' ' . .. . . . . . . ,. . ... : _.,.: _in : :.' , : : . : :. .:;. , . :, : .. . . : . .. ; . : . .. . .. . . . .. .. . / : . ,. '.iri.'c'u:siorner ;;(e_ :g., Proqt.ic(.aw.areness; .... ... : ,,) . ' ... .. . . ..... . gf : : hr. :-.' or'b.ehefits/ and. ;_. ... .. .. . ,, .... ,: ,. ........ : : .. ...... lmproveit:teiit iri (neasures' {e.g. ,:. h : nprO.verrierit itj. ............. ... .. .... ... :,. .. : .. :resp(mslble ... {or : ' 0' , , ' ' ' ' I '' ' 0 1' '\ 0 .- :.: :: provldln'gnJ9biUty_/jmprovi;!d etc.) : :. , ,,.' I 0 , ' 1 f; t ',, , 1 '', ' / , 1,' ' 0 , , ': 0 ..... ; ...... ..,-: .'";', . ... . . ... . . . . : : .-f fi"'i _en-:cy .. : . .. ... .. : : .; : : : Jl, \..' ; :'- I '' , \ '"' ,, \ ' o I I o ( : ,:' o .. J ' o o ,,_ o ' ... ,:, ... ,,:, .... . . \ . ... .. ... ... . . ... : . . :''. ' .J. ... :: ... : : : .. .. : ... fatiQtie:s. <. .. .... < <:::.: .. .--:: ... ..: ..... .;., .... ' "='' . ! of 'IOC;al. a(ea iieeds < ... ;. ... : . .. .. . .... ... . . : f . . . .' .,; pnority} :: ;. .: ..... ... ,. .... . .._. \: .. >; o t ,:'" .. ., o'' . ; '\ . ,': .. .. 'r . . . . .. .. ' ',,,', ,' ''-', .'',,' )o, .' . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... : .;. .. .. . .ro UCtiVI . . ':. . ." . .. .: .. . : . .': : 1 '- .. _.! ........ . ' ... .. . . . . . o 0 0< 0 0 00 , 1 ' > ,: 0 I 0 0 : 0 , 0 '" 0 0 ........ . .. .... . . . . . . .. . ..... . ..... . -.. . . . . : . . ,. : 1", . ... : ; t'r.S or to,:_ . : . . ' ... : ; ... . . . . : . . : . . : : .:: ; irflproye!lleiTt) . : -... .: : : _..-: ... <. ::; _: ': .: . : ,. ..... -: I+ T .: t' . .. . .. . . .. :.... . ., .. .. . . : . : : . . . : . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . _-.-: : :; >: : ... _. _. ... =: . : . .... t;l.l... . .. . . ,. .... '. .. : .. .,. - .. .. : . i ... .... .. . . ... _. ... :.-: :. ..... ,,\ i : : .... -: :, ; : : : :.:--' : .. .. ... -' :: .-. :.' : ::. _.:- ' ,' q ,',.1 ' ' : I , ' ',; ,( : . : Jte:dO.<:tiO.n:.in _: .-=:.-_:. '.: : ., ... ;_ _-. .-' ::-., < _: _, :, . . : :.-. ; . . . . .. .. . . .. . .. \ . . . . . . : ; .' . .. .... ... .... : ' . ... ". . ,. . ... . . . ' : '', I : :' I,., ._ , ' , ., , ': : ; .: : ,'... < ' . . . : .. .... . . . ... ..... . . . . .. . : . ' 99

PAGE 113

this page IS blank

PAGE 114

. : ., . ': . . . . . .. ; . ... . ' ' , .. . . ...... ...... . , . ' , I ' . .. . }TS Planniil!t .. : . .. ,, ; . . . .. illllll :. . . .. . . .,. . . . . . . ' . ':, : ' . . .. . . . < ' I ' t t , .. : : : .:,:::, : .. .:: : :.CIIAPTER B : : .,: .. : : : : : I : ', '; o '- ' ' ' ' o '' ' o , :< :<. . . .:. : ,. , '1 ', ; : . : . : . : .. . ;., : .. . . : \ : . . .. . . . . . . . . ... . . . . hi. :t() mail)s.treal\i: n;sinto: : : :lis subcom.mittees .shoidil 'lie e5tabfished:in . eal:h : . : ITS: : ."rea . : : hieetiiig> .. uf . ... . .. . .,1 : .. < . follpw .'a ( Qt' : th:at alr"tl1e wilt be :into .. ; . ... ... ...... , . : a single, integrated .' 1 : : : : ' C) ' ,. ... ...... ; ..... ; ... .1' ... : . . . . ' . . . . . . .. . .. ' . . . . . . . : : .. . . .. . ' . ... . , : ... . . .. l ' .. . . ._.. . ,.. ., : .. .. : : .. . . . .: .. . ' : . . 'MobiJlty (MMP,s ):-.existing : in each,: MPO : : . cari by. tbe .d:eploymentof ItS/ \ ... I ' ' ' ' < '7' .: of. the iTS, :to: : rn'o.nitoriog . . . , ' . . . . / p .erformance. : repori:ing .not previousf y .. : . . . ... . .: . -..... : : . . ... ... : t . : . AQtom.ated:datacollection illohitqrin'g.sflould';be : l ,,. : : s : ; a coni"'onel)Lofall MMPs . : : : : : .. : .., : , ' , I ,' ' ., '' i I ', , .. ., <#'. ., ..... .; : \ ''J : . . '. . . . ... :.'. .'' . ._.' ,.' :_., . : ,' . . ,, . I . .. tpois . e!(lsi today to : j ' ;. ., ' ',' I ':_ ' ' ,. ... ber.lefits of, rrs depfoymeQt:'' they should' be .. applied in the I ' : r ; 1 : ' ._' o' f 1 I I ': : stags: 9{.' tbe. proeW :coinpar.e HS ; Once. .IT$ projeds ' 1 " 1 1 0 I I .. } \ ' '' \ . . . rnu$t: be ;monitored ... and. of pelfQrmanc_e . r .'' : t .', : ' ' . . : . : : . : :. : .. . ; : . : . : ' : . .... ( ... . :.:: ; : ;:, :::. ;:': :;.>: :;'. .:,, .. : > :>-<:: : :, <' : .. :_:: . . 'fi)1ally,,in: order-for.the of. ns. hitQ. . ( . . : . .... . . ,:.: '' .. :;;ptapnin$. : b.e: .. . .. ... . .... . . . . . ... . . .. . . ' . ... .,: ..... . : . .... . . ..... .;. . . . . . \ . .. . . ' .'. : . . . : > : .. . , '; .. . . . ' . ," .,. . . . : ..... : . ,. / ' ' ' I ... .:.1 o A . . I

PAGE 115

ITS Planning Guidelines transportation planners must be willing to fully commit to and engage in the following activities: ! Promote ITS integration and incorporate into regular job duties ! Actively participate in meetings of the local ITS Subcommittee of the MPO Technical Advisory Committee ! Make ITS consensus-building presentations to other agencies, businesses, and community groups ! Regularly communicate with elected officials and management to secure ITS commitments of cooperation, funding, and overall support ! Work to develop partnerships with the private sector, where appropriate : Ensure the project development proce.ss is consistent with the regional ITS architecture, and that ITS-related projects or enhancements are assessed and compared In a consistent equitable manner : Promote continuing communication among participating agencies and private sector partners ! Maintain credibility with elected officials and the public by keeping a "customer orientation" with the delivery of ITS projects (i.e., provide evidence that a useful service is being provided) ! Keep a 11problem-solution" emphasis with the application of ITS ! Realize that ITS must work in coordination with other problem solving approaches, not in competition with them 102

PAGE 116

. .. . .. . . . . . . . . ; -.. / ... '. . t, :'- .. + : ; . . . : . - .:.. ; <# . < .. : Pta. 1 ,n . . 111111!11!11... . : . : . . .. :._. .'\,. : : . r "' o ' o : ' , , o 0 I o' ' .. \ ' ::::: . : . :.: ": .. : .: . : ; '-:: . _. : :: . ::-: .: I ., ' ,,. ' : , , .. }' .. .. . . .. .,. . ./ ; , , , : '. , ... 0 1 , 0 ; : : .. .. . : ... . . "' . . . 0 .. (t: ., \ ... : 1 ;'. .. .. : ; t.T : critical. . S(:maarcfs . 'for J,-,telligeni : Ttiuispoh:atioh.. ... : : . ;: : : u :s: :oepat1meot Offlcr:e of..> ' ' t' '1l 1 '' I 0 0 ',_,: .",, 1 ,. : : --: .' Public:Affa,rs,; JtJ!y-19?.. 9 : . . .. : : : .. : ';: 2 : : : i t n : :. : _. '.; . : : : : . .and 'Opki!ltibn$. 'fot IT.s : . '. . . . ) . . . . . : .. . .. \ . : olpe :. Natioil'al . . .. . t . . . . ,. '. . .. ; ... ... . . ( . . .... .... 3.. ... A IJeployrf!ent. Plarys :: . .: < Cofliesti_on ;for the of f : ., : ... : < li:JtelflgeiJt ]fansp'or.tatio.n :5ystems .llS . . : ,:--_.. .. ._.. :... -::. > : _c;.:. .. .. : .. .... :.:. :, : ,-: 4. .A: . : c .,.TaiJOJ]; -( .. : \.-: .: :.:P owe.rs/J: : 1( O' .PonneitX : : $uc:C.eS.srtir to.,. l'' . .... ,, ''J ' : ."r : Intelltgeiit :Tfail$por_tation I '' _.., I .,. f : .,' "SY#'em:: u.s . JJS 'Joint ... . .. : Pi:qi(am :Oftlce,-.Washingtgn' D ; ,c,, :iv.farcti. :J999.:: :.<. : :. 0.. ,.._ '\, , , , I '' .. 5. .-.. A.: .J; _.:. Inside .. :Vi'ew or:-tr.s at a JYie_tropo(itiannft& The 1'\Jg,rtl{ Ain'e:rici'ail :'t'ra\le'l' : ... : : : .)in:d :. .. : : : N h c "fl M... 1'.99' 8 . . .. . . : .. '.' 1 .aro na, ay : ; '. ... .. : .: , 1 :'_' . . ;: A$sessment : : of ITS :Ben'efits Jarty Resu/4.: :. .U,S_ ; ., . . . .. . . . .. ... : : : . '!Jf < .. p.C.i: . . A .. 1 99 5 . .. : : . . . ... u t .. . . . . . . : ,.. ug s .. . . . . . '' ' '"' , ; ,', ,' , ' : ,'' I ' I ' ' -;, . ] . _.: :: ,s. :. : <;:; . . T;be : _J.ofe : :. ': : . : .; . :. J 'rarisportitldn: ; I ' ' ' ' /' 't ' '..' 't I : ... : : : : lns' tittite,: Arin ,Atbor; Michigan, . ; : L ... . . . l ., .. .. .. : : '. M. : E : M_firgiQg )ntellieent ' . . . ,. ',\ t . "' ... .. : :: .. systems etarf*. ; , ; I ' ' ; "' ;. ,. ;, . .. . . ,. ... ... .. . . . ' . . . . . . . : . . . . ",' : , '' I ,' . , : ;, . .. . . . .... ,, . .. .. , .... . \ ... . . ...... . .: ,"' . :\ .' : -;' : t : ; : .. ; ., .. I' ' I ,\,, ... ,, : .' ;. . .. . . .. . . .... .. . . . : .. ,.! . . . . . .. .-:.. ... . .. . . . . . -. .. I + ' .' .

PAGE 117

ITS Planning Guidelines 104 Countywide Transportation Plan. Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, San Jose, California. 9. C. Hedden and E. Witzke. Developing an ITS Integration Strategy for Central Ohio-An MPO's Experience. ITS America Annual Meeting, May 2000. 1 0. Community Impact Assessment Handbook: A Handbook for Transportation Professionals. Center for Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida and Florida Departritent of Transportation, Tampa, Florida, 2000. 11 Community Impact Assessment: A Quick Reference for Transportation. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Office of Environment and Planning, Washington, D.C., 1996. 12. Community Impact Mitigation: Case Studies. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Office of Environment and Planning, Washington, D.C., 1998. 13. Congestion Management. PB Network, Parsons Brinkerhoff, 41 h Quarter 1998. 14. D. B. Ham. Integrating Intelligent Transportation Systems and Metropolitan Transportation Planning: Some Integration, Much More Needed. May 1999 15. D. C. Melcher. Overcoming Impediments to Multi Agency Utilization of ITS Wireline Telecommunications Infrastructure. The George Washington University law School, Washington, D.C. 16. D. J. Clowes. What we know about ITS User Needs. WS Atkins Consultants Ltd., United Kingdom. 17. D. J. Hensing. Some Perspectives on Congestion: The Emerging Mission of Modern Transportation Departments. 18. D. L. Roberts, J. A. Bunch, S. G. Hatcher, G. G. Nelson, A. T. Proper, K. E. Wunderlich. Incorporating ITS into Corridor Planning: Overview of the Seattle Case

PAGE 118

. : '-. \. I ... . ' :.;. ,,'. : .,. . .. . . .... . . . . ... . .... : . .. \ . ; .. . ; \ : .. .... .. :. -. .. .. .. ,... \ ... .......... 0 . .. . .. . . . . ,, . . . . -. . '. . l-' . .. : ........ ., . . . ..... i' .'\.:) : :1 : . ..... J :' . .. ....... . . . . . :... . . : . ... . . : ... . .. . . .. . . . . . ...... .... .. : : _;. : : .' : .Study;. : Mltretek :Sy.stems,:': : -: . : : : :._. 19' 98: : ...... .. ... : . : .... .... : . ; ; --.: ... .... ; . ,: : . ',J ., ' .,. ' ' , I : l .!. . . : : , : . ,'; : . :::::1 9 ; :. oemonstratioq. . C}f: :: . : :: . .. _; .-.. .: : of: Tt.atfii 'Data . :_ . : u . of : Sputh f.iorlda; .. : . . :..;:: ,. TaJ!IP.ai . .. . ,: . ':: ._.: :-< J i : > . ?,0 : : : of th. ... flighw;JY'.:Systeti1. .. . . -..... , . .. . \ ) . . ... -: :. : .of.._.._.tta"'sportafi9n,, . ..... >. ::. .. ; : > .... ':: '-' >. . : .. '. -: ; _;_: :_;_.2..). Chaiig;:r(:I{/Ho;.: R ; W..u>-. Jntegrating 'liJte_lligent \ .. . ............. ., -: :_. .-. : .: :;n :,, :Freeway:. Traffic. <:.; : : : ,: .:: .SystE1hr P.eSign:, .-.. ; .. : : :.';. ... i 22 : , :E; . o.( '.; . : : _: 999.. :.-._: .. .. -.-25-. : ... Guiiletiiies: foi' the "Review :-Qr State: IT:S/cvo Business ... : .:.: .:-.::.: :: :)is .': .. :ot. : .,. , ... I t . ":: .. : ....... : Highway.: A.dmihistrati9n/Washirigtori,.: >August > :.t ... .. :. .1 9 .. 9 :.-. z.:::.,.:. .... :';:.:: < : .... ; .. / : .... ..... .':. . ' " ) . ' ,. ,' I .'' ' j ' l' ' 0 I . .: .. : 2 6 > j : i _:: System: : . /.' .'. :::Wofk :EUan. Hillsborough counh< -Planning . . .. -/'.. . "' . .. . . ,, . . . .. . . . :. ., : _: : : Tampa-,.-Florj<:fa;.:Septeml:>er:t9. 9 .4.-,, ._. .. : ' ; o .i '. ' 0 :t,.. 0 j ;, :;'I 0 ' : .. : ... 27! _, _.-_.I(Iehtlf-it.atior'!; . :. : .. f99s.;. : .. ... .. ', :_.: . ...... .. . . . . . . .. ; . . . .. .. . (. .. -: . . .'. ; . ,. . . . '. . . . ' . .... ' : ,. '' ,,; ,r',:'' I:,.' ':' ' : \ :'''' : ... : . .. . . ,.,. : . .. . . . . . ') .. . . ... . . . \ \,, t . ...... ..
PAGE 119

106 28. Incorporating ITS into the Transportation Planning Process. NCHRP Project 8-35, Mitretek Systems, Mclean, Virginia, August 2000. 29. Integrating ITS and Traditional Planning-Lessons Learned I 64 Corridor Study. Parsons Brinckerhoff and Associates. Federal Highway Administration, 1 998. 30. Integrating Intelligent Transportation Systems Within The Transportation Planning Process: An Interim Handbook. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Office of Traffic Management and ITS Applications and Office of Environment and Planning, January 1 998. 31. Intelligent Transportation Infrastructure Benefits: Expected and Experienced. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C., January 1996. 32. Intelligent Transportation Systems Benefits: 1999 Update. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, ITS Joint Program Office, May 1999. 33. Intelligent Transportation Systems National Investment Market Analysis. Executive Summary, U.S. Department of Transportation, May 1997. 34. Intelligent Transportation Systems Standards Fact Sheets. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, ITS Joint Program Office, Washington, D.C., March 1999. 3 5. ITS Benefits: Continuing Successes and Operational Test Results. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., October 1997. 36. ITS Societal Impacts: Current Knowledge and Research Needs. John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center, Economic Analysis Division, May 1995.

PAGE 120

'. :_: , : ... : : .. . , : ; ... ';,\ ... . : . ,: ; .. : ... . ... .......... . ..... ... . . .... :. : ' ' : \ : 's : .: ' ' / : ' ,.. ::,' ;.' : .' .. .. P .oweli'and JT:S Model '.,. '. ' o O ' '' o ' '' ' o{ 1 :,..:,: : .< : . .': / /:. ;: : . ... : t ' ' ' ' r .Pietrzyki Polk.Autoiriatk: : : .... <-. :(A \It) :for the : .' : ... ,_:r..;,Ia .. .. . : ........ . '>> . : .. '," .... f .T: . . ' ... .,, . . . ;: ' :.' : : ' : ,'., ', I J "', I , ' .. ,. .. : :4l. : -M .'. l;i, B. :,. (joehri1,1g . -State ,.JflteHJgent . ._-: :. . : .. Systehis : 16 .:. tne : Ye,1r : . : . : : .. . . ; 'Jranspprtatlon: Natt9nal of .state ... ... : 't e .. msla tures:. J un.-e .. t 9'"9 ; "' : : : : : .. _. , ' t)' I Y ;. '' : "' ' ' ', ... . ' .. ..... .... . ,: !}, ... < ., / ... ., .. :cprridei. : : : ... ; : : . ;fr.9_tn 'fwo: -: .Jo*rt. uaii$i>oita'tion Ptannfnc. ;the., . ... .. H t . 1' s A .. .,..9. 8 ; ;: .. . .. ' .-::-. .. ,_ ouson, .. h pr.1 Y .. > . : : . : . : .:. -: . >, . : . PiibiiC Jiivotvemerit:: : -Techniques : ::for. : Tdnspottatiort ' I ; ', 'f , \ 1 ; 1 o :::--. / :. . .u.s. Qep'artment ofTransportatton;: .... .. '.. ... . '\. . : :> : : . .. F.ede'ral Highway; AdmiriiStratipn. arid Federal: ':Trans!t ' l ' l, : 't. : ;. : J\anilnistra:tion;.Washingtori;'D.t.,.:.t :99.6: '': ... .... : .' f ,\,, .. :\ . : : : 45 ; : Regional .JTS J.4d-chitecture Development, A. :.Cise .Study,-, '. ' . .. ' ' , . . . . . . .. ' : : .-. :-... . ITS. 'Plannirig Cgrridor; Bu!fding A : '' 'I' ' ' ' ',' I ' ' . . .. : Framewqrk. Corr:idorJr)tegr;Jt((Jf;I;' /U.;S. : . : .: . : :of:':.; . .F.eCiercfl Highway .. : : .. -:Administration :wasliiniti>n o:t>.< ':> .: ::... - .... : ...... I I . .-: ' : .. . . ; : ... .. ::: ' f ........ . . . . . . '.; . .. :.. ,-. . .. ... ' ,, .' : .-:, .... .. ;: t' ' > '. ' : . . . .. ' ,' I .: , ' . . ... : ', ..... ... : ,' .. ... . ,,. I ',.' -, ,':'," , I. : : ' : !'" '. '. ' ' : ,' ,' , \ ' ' ''' I ;>.' ,'' ' ' \ ' I . .. . ' : : } : ,,. ' \ 1 ' I ' o ' ' ''' ' ' : .. ' ; : ' .. '<.. ' . : '. .. 1 07 ...

PAGE 121

108 46. Rural ITS User Needs. U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Washington, D.C., June 1999. 47. S. G. Hatcher, J. A Bunch and D L. Roberts. Incorporating Intelligent Transportation Systems into Major Investment Studies. Conceptual Issues and Challenges. Transportation Research Record 1651. pp. 8-16. 48. Saving Uves, Time and Money Using Intelligent Transportation Systems: Opportunities and Actions for Deployment. Intelligent Transportation Society of America, Washington, D.C., July 1999. 49. Summary of TEA21, the "Transportation Equity Act for the 2 p t Century". Florida Department of Transportation. 50. Tampa Bay Regional Congestion Management System, Summary of Regional Transportation Performance. Tampa Bay Area Metropolitan Planning Organization Chair men' s Coordinating Committee, Tampa, Florida, December 1997. 5 1 TEA 2 1 Critical Standards: Proposed Criteria and Ust of Standards. ITS Joint Program Office. U.S. Department of Trans portation, Washington, D.C., October 1998. 52. The Business Plan Of The Florida Statewide ITS Strategic Plan, 1 999: An Implementation Program For The Next Five Years. 53. W. Zhang. Minimum Reliability on Automated Vehicles for a Safe and Reasonably Efficient Automated Highway System. University of California, Berkeley.

PAGE 122

' LIST :of,WEB :SITES . .... . :1 : ::: lltti!V/wWw:jeni.tom 2, . .. .. 11 :: : s.. : 0 : 0 6;:. . . . . . ' . . . . . . :: 7.. http:/ /itif.inttretek.org/its /benicos.t.n$f/frin/hQme

PAGE 123

. ' ' .. .. . ', ( " '' : . . . ' ' . . ... . ; .:. '. .. ' . ... \ " , ' / ( ' , . : ..... ' . ' . . . . . \ ' . . ... , . . \ : .. . .' .. ... '. . '. . .... ' :' .' , ; ' . . . .. .. .. l . ><. ... : . .... . .... , .. .. ... ... . .... ,., .. : ... ' ' ," .' .' . ' ', ; . . -... . .... . . . ... ; : .. ..... . ' : , ... . . . .. . ... } ... . ... ' . ... : ' . . ,. .. .,. . : . ' ' . ... : ' ( ... . ... .-> .' . . . . . .. .. ' . ,. . : ..... > < ' . . . .. ; . . ., ., .. . ; . , ' .... . . . . ' ... .. . ) . . .... : .. .. . . . .. ,. ' ... .;'' r ':' . , .. . .' ., ' ....... ._ : ' ' <. .. . .. . .. ... .. \ ,. ., .... /. . -' . . ' ... .. . ' .' .... ....... . _, .,J ," .... . . ' ' . . . ' . v . ...... o' ' : . .. ' . .. ' .... .; ... r .. ... ! : .. ' .. . ) '. : . ... > .... . , ' : . . ' ' .. ' . .. : -. '. t y ; . .J . . . . . t : .. } < . .. I . < ' .. : ( ' ; .. . ' . . ;-;:. ... "' . . . ; / . -( ..... ' .. . ., ... . ' ' . . t ... .. ... ' ... ' ; : .. ' ' , .. ' .:' . . . I ,. \ ... \ . . ... '' . . . . .. : ". .. ' ,. . " . ..... < > . , > .... .. '. . . . ... ,, . . .... ; ... . ' .. ' ' ' ; ... . .. : . . ,-. .-; ... ' c ' ' ' : ' . ... ; ' .. , .. . .. . .. . . . ,. . . . . .. ...... ' ; ... .. . .,. . ' .. . ; . .. .. ' . ' ' "'' : 1 . : . ., ' . ... ..- ..... , l., ... . . ... ' . .. , ; . ::' ,. , ... -' .. ., ... ., , .... ; ' .. . . ... . ' . ' . .. ' -: < ... . . .. ' 1 . ' .. ... ... . ... -: . . .. ... . ... . . '! .. . . . ..... .;,. -. ' ... . " . t ... ... \ . ; .. .. . -. ' > ... t ... . . . .. .... '. ' . . . ,, . .. .. . . ., ' .. .. .. . .. ., . . ' . .. ' . . . .. . .. . .' ;, ; .. . '" < " . .. .. . . ' .. " . .. : .. , .. .r .. -. 1 ' . . . : . ,' . . -. .. .---' ... ' . ... ' } ( . . .. . '. -. . ,._," ' ... .. . . . ic , . .. ' .. ,. . ' . ' . .. .. ' . I ... ,. .. .......... ,-.:; I . ,' .. ; ' . . . > <" .. ... ' . . ' .. .... " ... :" -. . \ ... . . . . .. : . .... . . '" ... ' ., .. . .. ' :. .. ; ' . .. ' . . !"' 0 . . " > '"'.' ,; .. .. ; J . . . ... .. . ' . . . J .-: .. ... ' < . . ,_ .' ' ' ' ' . . . ; . ... : .... .. ... .. ... ... . .: ... . . .. . I ', ,' . . . .. : -: . . .. ' I I . . . ... ,. ' ' ' ,,

PAGE 124

CENTER FOR URBAN TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH College of Engineering UniversitY of South Florida 4 202 E. Fowler Avenue, CUT 1 00 Tampa, Florida 33620.5375 (813) 974-3120, fax (813) 974-5168 http:/ /www.cutr.eng.usf.edu


xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8 standalone no
record xmlns http:www.loc.govMARC21slim xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.loc.govstandardsmarcxmlschemaMARC21slim.xsd
leader ntm 22 Ka 4500
controlfield tag 008 s flunnn| ||||ineng
datafield ind1 8 ind2 024
subfield code a C01-00382
2 USFLDC DOI
0 245
[An un-cataloged item [C01-00382] from Center for Urban Transportation Research Publications [USF].]
500
Full cataloging of this resource is underway and will replace this temporary record when complete.
1 773
t Center for Urban Transportation Research Publications [USF]
4 856
u http://digital.lib.usf.edu/?c1.382