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Pavement management systems for local governments

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Title:
Pavement management systems for local governments
Physical Description:
24 p. : ill. ; 22 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
University of South Florida -- Center for Urban Transportation Research
USF Faculty and University Publications
Publisher:
University of South Florida, Center for Urban Transportation Research
Place of Publication:
Tampa
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Pavements -- Maintenance and repair -- Management -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Roads -- Maintenance and repair -- Management -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre:
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available online.
General Note:
Cover title.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 030406809
oclc - 33275333
usfldc doi - C01-00383
usfldc handle - c1.383
System ID:
SFS0032413:00001


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Prepared by: Center for Urban Transportation Research College of Engineering University of South Florida CUTR, 1995 Cover Photo: Courte>y of PAVER Magazine

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. . . ,. : ; \ . . \ ,' . I . } ' ' . . . .. . ' . .... . . .. ' . . .. f . ' . . . . .. .... . . . . ,' . . . ' . . ' . . ' . ' . . .. I ' . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . J . . . . . . . .. . . . ' ' ' l . : ' .. I '\' "';) . . roacts shoutct be first? roact .. . . . . . . . . . ; : shoul d b e :delayed in o r d er to mqkeother repairs? How : i often should' we do routjne maiFit!mance en :our roads? . . W h at most 'ecoriomi tal way to spend ou(maintenance budget? . : . . . .. . . . . of maintenance aild : 1 :inqre acci.Jr.ate? H o w can we .communicate our maintenance : : project pnor{t:jes'to receiVe supporffrom elected offiCi a is and the p 'uti-, liC? are questions superVisor,' city/county or director faces the. effort to road nety.iork s . , ' I , ..' t. ': . The best answer s :Wthese questions .come f.rom . a 990d j:laV!!Il:lilnt : . \ . .. . . . A PMS is.a set of steps !,)sed to c6llect; . ,.-- '. '" ... . store, ahd.retrieli. e information about a ro.ad o r netwqrk. The ,system helps ' . . ' ':, . : 'and maintenance .decisions. '. ),,', ..... ..... : that are more!informed, :; : .:;. ::: .J;. : : . . . '-' . : ... organized; arjd con $ i st ,ent,. ;/ '"< : ;:i > .. -.rr If.makes :thes e dedsions eas. .. to and sub-: ';' ' s tantiat e . It is a toot for the . decisi.on-rriaker that . . ... .... . ;,. 'I > ..... . . : .r. . . ... < yo . . . . .' : . . . ; . . this : p ubl'ii s to pro m o t e PMs:: I ' ' e ducation; stimulate ""d . . P,MSs, an(l .::oordinated . ",. the : lo'cal g o v . . ;-' .': : .. levf!l throughout . .. . . : :' . . a 'PMS' tS ned,: the of a P,MS : : : ; 'discus_sed, r e p qit is given on state;, and local' PMS : . ,efforts: A study of the City of P:o'rt is Included ' . l .... . ,. ... . . tbe experience of a cypicallo.cal g overnment 'in search of a sy's" . . . . . . . : : tem-for managing. its''pavemenl. A list of for. :he\p and infor.c ... mation-is atSo. offered: . .. . ' . . .. . ... . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . : ' . . ' .. . '

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' ' ' : ,. ' l ,!, : . . .. . .. :; ' t .. '. . ... '"' . .... \ ,,._ .. .. t .. ',' : .. ' . I . ........ .... ....... ... __ ....... -. ,' o ' :. I ', ", : ,., : r' ' . . . . .. . . ifPAVEME-Nt::_/ ... _: .. ::;:. r . _; -. :,. :. :. --.. 'IVIANAGENIENT'-SYSTE.M?;_: ._._ : :;., _ -. : . .. . I ' .. ... .... ... .... ;, J .. . .. '. .1- # : .\ : .... . ., ...... ....... ; ;,.,.' , . '. a P!ll,e-, :; :: .-, : . . ; . :. ... : . ...... .' . , ......... .-. .. :::.::_:.: ... ':: . . ... ... ..... : .... I , ' ,. ' , '', ' .' ''' t \ : ' :,A. method for.routine'ly_ coller;ting,: stbring; 'qnil ;-' . ' . . . . . :.. : ...... needed.(o.make. J: : . : : : 'mti'xfmum U.seo/limitedntaintendn&!:dollars.:. Anqitis a set oF: : ': ... l .. .. ; .': .-. : q ,uicklY,:using thednformation ,: : .: anchr:ialdng tfie cdlccilatiohs: necessfiTyto arrive: (Jr. these: .'deci-.. ( .. . ... .. . : . . .. ... s_ion_s ... PMS is !i tool to help :engineer, t/je budget. director; . : 'and ,diy tnanpger or mayofd.o-thejab' better in"muahtiie . . .. > . : saine. o/ay. X-ray eqt:Jipme(/i a'ids :the doctoi: In both '-i'ristaricesi . .. : >'professional judgement is.(mhanced; riotreplaced: _: . I ; ' + ,\ : of : . . ' ' . . :--_'the pavemenf niaria9ejlienf_concept: ... . < :_ <. ; : : : .. ; .. .... ... ....... : ..... > . .'-: ;: manageirzent is 1fo( a nev(roncept;: mai10gern.ent deti. . : ; .. ; ,:: : .'sionS; are made as a : part 'Of noimal. i:tay:)he.' .'. .... . \ . ' . : . a system is .to fmpraiie the : .. '. .. . . . . qfthis detisiorl,rr111kfrig process; 'e( .. .' .. retrieve dat!l 'and prepare repotts . The avjlilability; ldw. cost, ana: .. ;: I sJni p ltdty;:of 1n. UJe:. . : :imiliferati'orr"of. P.MSs;ii; ,[ocat agendes. .. . ; .-: ; .' < O o ', : 0 > o ' o o H o :-' > I o : ' .. I l !0 ,' 0 I, ',' ' ' 1 I o , ' ' , t .. , I ; ,. .. . ' ... . . . 't ..... . . '' o I, ' ' l, 0 .l . . . ;. . . . ... .:. . . . ' , . . . .. . . ..,, : : . . t t : .. : : o# ". : t ..... . ,.,,:: ' . .. . . . ' . . . .. . . . . ; J . . .... .... :. . . .. ;

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. . . . . . . . . . - . ' . . . . . ... . . ' -. . .. : . ; -. . . I . \ ' I -. . . . . . :y.' Wit\,..: USE a .PAVEMENl .... ; ... -.:_ . :: . :'MANAGEME-NT SYStEM: t _,. _ ., : . . ,,, ; ., .. . . . . . .. : . .. .. . . . . . : : .:... :. . .... -:; I ' ./ . : . It is: to only a .dt:Ys While fund; are:. ... : : ---: . ... . . . .. 'spent to )'failed" .roads, those needing slight br no .immedi.. .:' . . . . ... : ate improvements .continue to deteriorate .. Studtes s how t hatif'street's . .. < .. . "'.' . . . . ... : are in a perpetuat to C:O:ildition;. . .. . .-,the investment tq fjve than . ,. : :\ if payement is aftedt rea-ches ')oo(' .or . : ; t\JS Simply -said, lt costs. m<)re to repair roads once they have deteriQ . .. rated is b'ecause only th. e top-.portiofl of.th' e p_ave> . ' . . . : merit isreplaced.wheri repairing a surf'ace 'in toildition, whereas .. : : . .. . ' .. the 'entire base; and sometimes the subbase, must be addressed wtren. . . or "fuiled".road. < : . : '_: .. .. ' . . . . . . . . \ . .... . l ' ,. ' ' ' > I : Paveme-nf CyCle : . . : : 2 ( ' . . . ' .. . , .. ; I . . . . . . . . ' . \ . . . . ' : . .... .. . .: / ' . !-' ... 75% !life -$1.00for F 0 reQ, ovation . . . . .. .. . atr .. .. . . . . . W.ll!cost : 40%,dropln.quallty ; : . % here . oflife : .. . .... : . . . . . .. .. . P 09r . .. . . Very. P.oor . . \ : . . . . .-l!oi .... -... .... .. ....... ..,...;. .... ..-. "" ..,...,.."1""11;..,.""1. "" """.. : . . . . . . ... , . . . l . . ... ': :. . . . .. . ,. Sourre; .Pavement ' . ; :, . : 'AJ11erican fubiii:' .Works ASSociation ;. ; .... . .' . . . ' : first". .be with ..the 'help dr a . : . : : 'PMS . A gooa -P.MS' can gene'rate reports -that sti
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A PMS Improves Communication Having a PMS makes it easier to validate a maintenance budget. It is difficult to dispute the need for road maintenance dollars when that need is backed up by the computations of an efficient PMS. A PMS makes it easier to communicate budget needs and other network information. All the components of pavement management are at your fingertips, making it easy to quickly give information to the pub lic, elected officials, decision-makers, and others. Other Benefits of Using a PMS Allows the user to quickly obtain information on the pavement condition of any road in the network. Allows the user to prioritize projects more objectively, alleviating the influence of politics on project selection. Allows the user to be more consistent in the practice of managing pavements. A PMS Should Include: An inventory of physical pavement features A history of pavement construction, reconstruction, rehabilita tion, and maintenance A pavement condition survey and performance analysis Traffic volumes and classification An investment cost analysis A data base that links all PMS-related data in accordance with the information reported for the Highway Performance Monitoring System (HPMS), a state data base that reports to the federal government the inventory and condition of all roadway infrastructure in the state. Source: Guidelines for Pavement Management Systems, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTD, July 1990)

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. .. ' .. ' . .. . ' ':. . ' . , . . . ' \ . . ' \... ..... -. # . . . . ' ,. \ > .. # .. .i. : ... . ... . . . . ' ' . . . . . .. . .. ' : ,; . ,_ .. .... : : . . I . . ."" . ': . . . . . ) .... c.. I o : o :' ... 0 . . ... . . . .. . . ... -., . .... . , , , 0 \ ) 1 ,;, 1 : . .' .' ...... . : : .. .. : . .. . . , . .. \ .. .. :oDES A : .. : : .... ,,. . ..... . ,, . . . ... t' ... "' f' ''#o ... ',, o!''' o ', .. . ... . :. . . :_., ... ......... ... .. ;.,. ... _.,. / ....... _:--: .. _; : .. The St. ep"s : : : .. . :i : -. ._. > /' : .... ... .. . .. : .. . . :. : . ; :-. . . .. .. . .. I ' , ; ' 1 ) > ''' t ( J ' '', : ' ''' ' ''' '), -: The steps i'nvolved .. in. pavement management inctllde: : .. : : I '" ',,' "1: ', : } ' ', t ' ... :'I ,.. . ,'".' . --. . ; ' I ' I ' ' ,': ' , ,. . . . '' . ... . . ... ,:,y .. : .. :. .. : . : . .. / : : ( > . . .: Jhii consists, of : : I . . Quljng'in_ventory,--road _thara_cteristici : ::: ." '. ... ". "" .. : . -noted ihfludeJocatiQn, Width, ;Surface typ e ; dramage .. : : : . "., .. ... . :: and:Si'dewalks. '< --... .: .. .. ,. , t t ' , , : , ', 1 ,' ',. :,. I ," , ,; : : ' .. .... . .. . : : :..-oati , , ; .: : < ..' t .. ... ' .. ; : : . Qunn_g pave[llenb dfstress inforr)latillri. Js : : : .' ,. .,. .:i.n thffietg on t h e sfreets in:;th'e ihventary -will ; : ...... .. J ') .. ._., fu' rrid h e h eart: ofthe 'PMS the data This-is the m6st : . ...... ', .... . ... . . ' ... . . . . . : ;. . critical -step. th!i : : .'. '_-:: .. be c olieCt:ea i(l a : tjrriely .. )na'r)ner sQ,tfl way_.this. prpce,dure is coridu_cted is als(f impqrtant, so training .. _. : . . : .data-,colletors are. ; : : : . .. . .. ' . '.' ; . . : . 1.,,' .' . -' t ,.,r .. .: ,. : ' .. . . . . .... --') . . .. ' .. : .. T -.. .. .' . .. . ... . . : : _..: : .... -. -Thjs c6ns1st-s.o.f.retrie0ng thE! data . :_ : .i .. : ... Can. fie' U $ e d t o make deEisions at tf)2 .;; . . ... . .. . . .: . project level:: a n alysin a n .. .test-the co'nse-;: ,,: .. : :.: ,' .. :. suchas chah 'ges iri. of_:' . ':.::. .. . repairs .. ':: .. : : ,. . .. .. . ' . ' .. : ':'. .. ,, s , .. ( . ' .. . ' . .. . : : -updating .. 'oata .-_. .: ... ... :_,. : :_ : --' .. T .. ,( , , ........ .... : ., .. regu!af-upoates oftne jnformationin_:, .. ' . .. . ..: . : ,. the-d a tl'base.---it ih.dude :adding new reads to'.tlie net-; ... :. . ,.. . . ..... . .. . . . .-;. : 1 workspavement conqi mon ratings; adj45Qng' t h e ._-.-. . '.. cos t of materials, or'altowin'g for po(icy c hanges in: : :' '. nance and: reha-biLitation. treatmentS: .. -:. .. : ... : : ... .. :... :., . . . . . . . . . . '" . . : ,' ' -.,, .. . . '.',. . ........... ' . ....... ",'' ..... : ... ' 'I ' ,: r , : -.. . . .... . . . ', . . . J :'.. ' ' ,, . . . t ' . . . . . . . .. -' . . . .. .. . . . . .. : . .. ' . . "". ( . . . . ; . . . ' . ,. ' . ..

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management r elated topics. The Institute, headquartered in Lexington, Kentucky, operates one of its seven Eastern region offices in Panama City, Florida. State Efforts The state of Florida's PMS work plan was approved by FHWA in January 1995. The Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) already has in place many of the spedfic PMS components required by ISTEA. Three additional requirements must still be met: that all federal-aid highways in the state are covered by a PMS estimation of the remaining service life of all NHS roads in the State A project level investment analysis (current cost of required maintenance and rehabilitation) for NHS miles in Florida. The State of Florida encourages local governments to use a PMS and promotes creation of a PMS that is tailored to meet local government needs. State Sources of PMS Training and Information FOOT FDOT has prepared two manuals as guides for local governments: Pavement Condition Survey Manual-1994 and Pavement Design Standards Manual -19 93. Both publications are available from FOOT's Department of Maps and Publications. A computerized version of the survey and condition rating procedure has also been developed. Most importantly, the information contained in the Pavement Condition Survey Manual defines methods for conducting a visual evaluation and determining the riding quality of the pavement. From this evaluation, local governments will be able to: Determine the present condition of the pavement present pavement condition with past condition to predict deterioration rates (or impacts of deferred treatment)

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. . . . ' .. . !, ; : .. *\, ",', ' ' I. . .. : . . . . . I, ''' :. .. ; . .. . . .. . . . . . : .\. . . . . . . . . .. '' ; . ' .. .. :. : ... ..... ' . ..... ) .. . ; . . . .. " ... .. . .. < : : T r.ietermine maintenance'needs in terms: of materiai:s; labor .... -. .., : >, ... ; . :-. :: :<. .' . . ;. . . . .'. \ ." . . . ..... , ..... .. ,,.,, . .:..' . : : i ... L!P.On: >:: : '. :" : :. ::ovailill:ile.resoim:es . : : ., . : : . : ...... . . .,. , .... . . . . ", . . . : . . . . . ',, . . : \ : . ... Jdentlty, IJ!airit!!nance. al)a/or,reh.al;>ilitatiqn . :. : . .. . .. . . . . . . . ; . . . .... 1 : .. proVIde the;greatest: ret\Jfn for the .. . . : : ) < .... .:.., : : J I ' .':" .. ti.JtR . : . ,. : : : ... . ... _.',:. . ; : ..... \:: : : . > : The tenter f0r, Urban the :. CoHege of .Engineerin'g at: the UniversitY qf South .Florida in , : : : ... : : tustqmizin!rPMss>tifiB also;: . . : :' . : . . '; . . . . . continues-to witl'r the Honda Associatiqri .. ofCo,u,nties !!nd . . _.. : rtorida.League oftitiesto promote.P'MS fot-localgoverrimer# : : ... . . . , . . . .. .. .. .(: f '( Me Trims . : . .' . : : : .. . . . . ... : : . . . . . : .. da ,in : . 1 .. -'< : : A .._ .. : : ... of'PC:.based,'P.Ms . .,. ; '\. . 'I' : ": from the Center'-ana rarige in. P.rice fmm' ;$5. fo Some .-.: . .... ' . ,. .... < :. (GIS) . . .. . / . . . . :. . . r ; : . \ ,. . .. . '.,* I o ', ; ' \ ._. ,.-.. c a I:E fforts : .:. ,. ; -:. . : .-:,. . ... : : _. ,' w 1 ) I ', ' \ ' .. .. ... ... . : '' ' ' I ' >, o ' ' ' .. A" ran'deim informa[ survey of F.lorida:s local governments' showe{that : : ,. '/< ( '', I ; \ ' ''I ' , ., 'pavement .manag,e!llent'effofi:S' ()f ; ... : : :. ' . :Mo$t amn:otJi.rties reported .using. spme .. . . :'type of.systein' or-jndicatE!ct: ihat :effo.rts .were"bei ,ng ma4e':to :": :._.. o ' ' < , ' ' o ' ; I a .systerrr. Some systems-ate manual b ut .most are -COlnJ?Uter-.' .:-; . . . . ... .. . ized or are in tre of :. : : '; : : . f .. .. .. . . .'Support for a PMS qr iii_._ ot assistance their ,system frqm . . : ., .. anp s):ate organizations ... IHhe. a J . :, PMS. is State o( to prciViM techrikal ass is-. .. .: : a 'nd: pavement condition d;;ita ori roads un4er .':. . .. 'bi.tt wilt'leavethe seleetion_:of a .Pt<'lS up:to each local g0ver.nmentf, ;-_ :_: : This wiL(piciVicte Valuable to locat governments' .._,.. . \ ' .. . . :. . . . . : :-ElStabbshing a "PMS for'the firsttime; It also give s flexibility. to .local : : : > systems alreaCfyi{ plate, allowing them -to continue: ..: . .. . . .... . . . ,' . : . . ' : ';USliJg.the. same system. ,., . . : -. : ; .. : : . : .. ..... t I ' : .... ,1. ' ..... : '\.,'I' ' (,, ' ..... ' ...... .:.. . . . . . , '' ,. ', : : ' ' ' 'f ' I ' 1 ' ' ; I . : ; > ' ( .. ,. , : t 'I .' ... .. . . ', ,,. \ ' . . . : ;. , .,' ''I ,, '-.' . .. . . .. . . ' . . I \. .. . . . . . . . .. . . '\' . .. . . t , ( : ... '-' . -., . . .. . . . ; . ' . . . .... . -

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. I . l PMS AT THE LOCAL LEVEL-A Broward County Population: 1,317,5 1 2 Road Network: System: 1.786 lane miles Broward County Pavement Management System lBCPMSl ''Ow P'11 S .\ :1' the r_tper ati y,: d Sv>t.e:t : 1:Cr1S-) ,q_,plic1tior i" C t fund-s ti roug 1 .:_ontuct I ,,r ,." Jt't',\l'l'T: 'h ; t!Ct' 0 .... tll:fllrC nnd the :-lrnida Department 1} T ._in sp.Ji\,_"'lt:Otl :n .:-or fUiid i .. c. u,:f tc fui)d._. ,md ;;,h n: the .. i t' c.ti:er 1:-,cd :1()\'l'l 'lll':::tty Pili)' tr rl:v j y [1'1" '"'-.[i> p ''"'--'- CIJ. ' j ''"'J--'' pa,,.enwnt ill fhh i//e \',' i II. pr-nba::lv hie a c::Jns.u!tZlrlt to dud '.IJ ; ,n'V"> orr ;o;HI<.. d r : d prv ',1J d P US ,' :jtl d ar,::_."-(''c"n,:. lJ, "''(-v '"'"''' -.J ':J

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. .. . . . -. . . . . . .. . ... . .' . .. :.: -' > . . -. .. . . . IF FLDRIDfS,lOCAL: GOVERNMENT EFEOiiTS ' . . . . . . \ . . . .... A I . . ' . . ( . . .. . . . p. . . . . ' ::. . I' .: , . ... ' . } { . . ' .. ... . . . . . ; .. . .. . . , .. .. .. . ' { .. .. . : '. . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . ... v ...

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. . . . . 1 I . . . . . .. I : . ,... :: : 4 l > . ''. , . . . . . ' . . . . . . . ... . . . . : . . I . . .. . . . . . . . . ', .. . .. .. . . . . . . . : ,. . ' . . JJRAN&E,_. FLD.RI.DA: ::: . . ' . . . . ' .. . < :jt-cAsl:STUDY: : .. : . . . ...... . : : ... ; . . . . : . . . : . . . . . .. . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . : . ', . . < . .. . . '' \ .. , .. , ) .... ( . . . . . . . . . . . ' . . . . . . ( . ... . . . . . . . : .: : : l . \ . ... . . .. / : ,:<, ... :goverilmei:lts, City, of Port : . ... : .. . Qrarige,-Jloriifar. faced, tlie di(emma, efJ iaV:ingmor.e roadft9 > ;;: ' ;_ _. : -: .. anarepairbugget coulo.handle: To, : . < fqdmproveim!nfstp. n>a ';._" . : : ';",-. :-.' '-;. : : save moriey bv.er .the 'Long. term; In-'. .' .,_, . . \ . . .., . : 1991; Po'rl: the, CenterJorUrban .'. -. : at USF t.o develop a pavement system.: :.: '\ ' ' ' < '-' I ; \ ' ' ., . : _FourJey were iii th.e tbe Pq1 :_ .'. . : :Pavement Management System: : ... . .... -.' : . .. ' ... . : . .. . . . . . '". : . t : : \ . T NetWork '. . : . : ; . _: . . . ....... ,'''' .. . . .... ... . . . '. . ' . / . , .... . . . , ., . . .... . -y :trai.ning: $l!rveys : : : : : : : ; ' ' ) : .< :. :.. \ . . . . \ . . . . . . T..Qelie(o.pqJEint of .the basedpavemEmt ... ', > \. : ' ' I . ; : . assessment' m..odet : . .. : ..... . .. . > .. . : . . .. .. .. . . : . :: : . . . ; .. :!, . .. ... ) : ... . .... .:T oHhe re-sults :of:the .inodel . . .... : ; ( ,' ' '' , .". : I : ; : ' : -Sample secti.oi:ls of.three primary' streenategories wer e surveyed: ::.. _. ..... , . ' . . , .Lodt.ls; locals; and :collectors. These.. .. ; .'.' se}tions brokeri .down a'!Jd\ub-grouped, to .. ., . .. . ment ag!lin d sunbase type ( lime'rock or \ : : . . . ',:' _.' '. , ' : I , . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. : .' . ... . . ,. . : ' . . . . . . ... . . . . . . , '"': ;',.,. .. . . .. . . . : : . . . . : . . . . . . I ' .), . I ' ,. .

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. .. ' . . . ( .. . ,' I. . : . . . ' . . . '' . . ... ... .'1' _:: 1 '.!' . . . . . . . : . ' . . . .... . . o I . . . . . . . . . : . .. < . :: . . ,; .... . .. .... ; "' . , I ' . ' : ." , ;. ; > : ' ' : :-.:,-l ;iRe :thf! ofmunisi'pal goverqm'rits; City of:Pqrt: :- : '. of.'havjng more roads 'tc>, . : repCJ;irthail.'the maintenance an_:il repair. l)udget co.uld handle> .To, . ". . funds for improvements to .the detenoi-atirig. road. network; the' : ' ... ; City sought to i01plement. .. ..__ -.-: : ' . ... a uti -.. :_ fee (TU,F). However, tbe . J ... key -to gettihgJhe TUf passed l)y. the ,pubiic and City deCi$-ion-makers was,, . a dea(and convi,ncing .... -presentation-ofthe need: : . that -a PMS-could . :-.. ': -'_ that help .-. '" . . vahdate the need. In .. ' . . . . . ' .. .. ' . . . . . ... . .. . . .... : . addition,-a PM$ wauld . . / ' greatly-improve the City' s : . . . : ; > : ... ., pave.nieotmanage!l'ent 'In.. .. : . .1991;:P_oit dra11ge Transportation .Research (CUTR) at USFto ctevelop 'a cl(stomized pavement system: : ... : . : . t Fo_in steps _were i n the development-of the. : Port -.. .Pave merit : . : . . ... : ' . : .... . .. ; :. : .: . . : :. : .-. . . .. ':'. : . . ; . . . . . ". . .,.: .. 1 . .. ... ''; ... Pre-surveytrainlog condi'tio. h . ' : . . .. . . : : #> : .. . : .-: : , DeVelopment of-the based pavem.ent --::. \ . . ' . . . : assess merit mqdel .. : . .' . . .. ( . . . \ .,.., . ' . . : ; . . . . . . . . . . . ,.... ( . .... :: T. Stjm mary re?ults pfthe inodel' . ' ': . : . .. .. ' . . ... l , ,-: Sample sectio,ns o.f th.reep_rimary !=atE:gorjes:were SUJVeyed: : subcjil/isianl. . .: . . . .... . . . . . . ... J ". . ... .. . . . . . . . ' . . . ; . . . . .

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Generally, more heavily traveled roads received heavier sampling. I n addition, if pavement inventory records were poor, more extensive sam pling was required; if records were good, less sampling was needed. In the Port Orange study, collectors received the highest sampling rate, followed by non-subdivision locals and then subdivision locals. POPMS Report Card Legend MA C rack S..aling RA !inch overlay MB Patching Percent by Total City Pavement RB 2-inch ove r l ay MC ChipS..al RC Recycling MD Check Drai nage RD Total replacem ent 0 3 -,------------.,-:-::--------, 0.27 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 Percent by Treatment MA MB MC MD RA RB RC RD Nothing Treatment Types Source: POPMS Evaluation Report CUTR, Ocrober 1991 Consistency in the way pavement is surveyed for distress is critical to the success of a PMS. In Port Orange, CUTR conducted a pre-survey training session at the City offices. A two-person crew with 30 years of combined experience in roadway construction management and inspec tion conducted the Port Orange survey. To further ensure consistency, this two-person team was taken into the field for practice surveys on three sample segments. Each surveyor's data were checked for accuracy, completeness, and inconsistencies, significantly reducing subjectivity. The survey form recorded four types of cracking and also provided space to record other roadway-related conditions such as poor drainage or inadequate utility cuts.

PAGE 15

' .. . . . . . ' . ,, . . . . . . . . . . J . :. . . .. . . r ' . . . : . .. . .. . . . . . . ' . .. . : . . . . . . .. . .. . .. :' ,r . . \: ) l pave.meri't softwa(e packages, .... . . a [llOde\ used. by Carson qty, setect.erl.-and-!flodjfied for use\ .. in P.ort O(a'llge: It' was chosen is' '51mple, . 'ven, suitable for the visual survey data :desig!led ,for a street network . . . : CO[llpahble to .Port Qrange, and -cap_able the types of : . . . . . (eports m ,ost appropriate for Poit Orange. .Mathematically,, < .the model. calculates . sev.erity of .. . ( : . distress, f'i!ctQrs in. the .. ' tiaffidoad on ttia t sec r ' QU(Ql61-INYfMIQID' o ti
PAGE 16

' ,. . ", : : .. . . :SUMMARY. : . . \ ... ; ' ... .. I' ,. .. :': ... . ... ., . . . . ' '. . ' . .. ; . ; i ' ' ' ... . .. ' . .. \ ... ' . . . . .. . ... . ,. < .. ' .. \ , ' . . .. ; : E ve.JY bas a by \yhich. it mairltena nee : : : . .. o'f Qetwo,rk. AP.MS. is, a . . : J' .. pro tess :tm..t'carr 'tJ,e:. exist;lr1g-process,. )("he . .. PMS the the of a necyork-of; 1ri. perpet-hi-''.exceUent" conditiar.J . The result is: : , I . . '' . ' ' . ... ; . . . . ,,.. ., y : effident' S.Jlending ihe long . . . .: ' ' tl .. .' : ' . T..increasea: i!bility to' cain :de_!:ails abo!]tthe n!!twbrk . .. ,.'" .. : . ','' , ': ':" I ) \. ' . : ;.,, ,.' : : . . ') .. ' . "" ., . ( . .. \ 'al:ii.l,ity tOpres erit objectiv.e rationale. fOr" projed :decisions .... : : . ;.. ; ,. . .. .. .. .. 'i ' . . . ... . . ... { . . ... . . \ .. : Althougl:\ a PMS:C9n be ac;llieved .111an1.1ally, ,cqmputerj_zed s ystetns .. ' ' .. ', . arid efficiency, :the . :: : ,prqce-ss, a n a cl,iS1;orriizing. .systems, !. . .. .. . . . .. . . . . .. . to o.ri basici. office ... -., . ... i . .... ' . . ,. . \ .. .. ,, .. " . . v .. ' ... , . ,. .I . ... : . . . . . . . ' . . . . . ' : . :. ., ' ' " . : ... . . ... , -. . . .-"' ... . .. . . ,, ., ' f . ..... :"' ... .. '. '. ' ,. ' .. ' . . . .. :"' .. .. . ' ' . ( : ,. .. ... . ,. ' . . . .. ) .. .. . ' ... / ... .. J .. ' ' ' ' .. ., . . : ,l .. . ... . . .. ... ... ; . .. .. . .. < ., .. .. . ' ' )' ). . . .. . . . '. l ". . , . ... t . . .. ' .. .. . .. . : . ... ' : . . . . : . . . .. < . . .. :. ... . ... . . . ... . . 0 l , I ' . ,. ' .. i ., ;

PAGE 17

' ., . SUCCESS With a major portion of the Arizona interstate system in the mid-1970s, the state of Arizona shifted its emphasis from construction to maintenance. During that same period, maintenance costs escalated at an alarming rate (from $25 miUion in 1975 to $52 million in 1978), and revenues were very tight.. In response, the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) tracted with a private consultant in 1978 to design a #deci sion-making toor' for the department, know today as a PMS. As a result of following the recommendations developed from the PMS, during the first year of implementation only $32 million of the $46 million budgeted for pavement preservation was used. The following year, preservation costs were only $28 million. Combined, the total savings or "surplus" to the state of Arizona over a five-year period was $101.4 million. I n an evaluation of the PAVER PMS for potential approval for use on all Army bases, the U.S. Army Corps of Construction Engineers Research Laboratory (CERL) evaluated the management time required to carry out six management functions typically associated with pavement maintenance for a network of about 200 lane mites. The staffing required to carry out these activities under the old pavement maintenance approach was estimated to be about 1,200 hours per year at a cost of about $17,000. A prototype test implementation estimated that the level of effort required to perform the same tasks using the PAVER PMS was 480 hours at a cost of about $6,800. After allowing for the cost of an additional computer ($3,000) and technical assistance ($1.700), the total cost using a PMS was $11,500, a savings of more than 30 percent.

PAGE 18

. ; i ' ' ' ' . ' ; : - \ I . .. / . , .. .. . . < . . . . . I . ,, .. ...

PAGE 19

PMS ADVICE F OTHER AGENCIES . . ,,,, lifrljtJ .ftl .. . get "-feel." . . it limp/e." . '11111'1. . withllllt:filld vltifi. . .. . .. -itJr sn ongiJ-. . Jng efltlt!. . . -11Culftllllize your . . -11Hirs or tlf!vslop PMS JIBI'IIInne/." . 1111Bn'tlkillp,tJn Ills . 1118 -. . .... *is. -. -...,.---.,---. . . 111nt:IIIIIIJ 1/l!lltlflhiUI itifonuliiln q,ism lSISJ." 11Find I ., .. ,.nt using limillr ttl llllnftlr you."

PAGE 20

' ... ,. . . . . .. . .. . . . .. . '. , . ' ...... . . . . / . . . ... . .. J : c. (. .. ' . I . .... . . . . . . : . . . .. .. .. .. : ..... . . . ; : w8EIIE:.:to ou :aEtP. aNii ; : .::: .: .. \:, : :-.:>": .. : :_: :: :: I 'NFDRMATlDNO_N: :PIVI. $ . : : . .... . ' .. I '' o ( o .. ... . ,.. ;, . ...... "' r ,. ' ; Biitetho . . .. : .. :. : .:r. :: . :.' .:: ,... : ... . ... .'. .. : . \ :" : : : Manager : : . . . .. .. .. . : M a na9emerit 'Branch > . McTrans Cegter tor : : ,;: > Ailm'inistratiori : in .Transportation .,. '':, < ::. ,. .. , 4007t,h .sw .. .. . .: ; qf -; : D C.' '.. 512 Wei[ Hall .. .. ,. ... : ... i'. _. : ..: .. P : o : aoxi16S8 s :: .. .' . R b e .Bi P h o p E :.'. : ; : ._.':. '. . . o ert pyer, _-;, . ('904) 392-0378 . : : : J!!e ,._ .... ii22-0,378's'tiNCOM'. : .';' : ,. ,: Region .. : : :... ... .. O ,ffioe : . .: p;(. > : .. : .. : . I . . '63,-B Lisenby. AvJ!Iiu e .. : .. Chaninan. ; . . ., .. : ir'ansportatjon : ; . :: {904) . . : ori PMS ._ . :, : : . '.; : J h 0 M M 1 l.., < .. of_ .. :. . o n : ,ac u . . . .. Texas A&M Umyers1ty .. , ,. . .. . .: : ,. . . CEJJTI Tower : :: . .' : : lhe All)e.nc.a.n : . :. : Colie g e Station,';rx 77.84l 3i36 ;. . : ,. .r_ti n .; , . o : ; (409) 845 YSlt ... ,. .. ... .._ fu6 w ; 1-ith 'Str eef, Suite 1 8 o o : .. . .... : . . ... ..... t . ,, .. .. Kari. s a s '64105-1806 : : . .. tay lor:' . . . '. _:. '{816} . . : :' : .: .... t : PMS . , .. '. : . .... :: : : : Mi,l(e . P.hE... ; : : Florida ' : : S:mor, 1\SSO Clate . : .605 Suwannee Street' '::_' .. : .. ( ; . .-Center for').lrban Traflsportatii i n ' ': M 'L' tati . 5. . . '. . al.:>i o n .... .... '.' . ... .-:,' FL .-: ... : .. ., . .-. o f South. : : ( 904) ..: : : :.",,: .: .. of. : : 2788792 s u NtOM : .. .': . : : 4202 E Fowler A..v, enue, .: . . : . .' .... : . . Tainpa,.fL, '33.6293 5 0 :, ... .,_-:J ... 'Ch'alrman .: : : .. . . ... . ".. . .. . .. . .. . ... .-' Ch h .-: . . : : : ; . J ':15 Rtc : ter .'. :. . . ; Si(bc()mmittee .. .'' . : H _19h!Ya Y .... : .. .412 w : : . ; ,. . Di'{(si?n , :, : Oroana; I L 6180i . ::: .. .... 'i .: 227 t t Bf!ln0,\19h_ Sqe.et : .' . ( 2 -17) 384:081 7 . ; ' . : R 6qm20)5 : . : .. : .. ... .. .. ." .. : ta llahassee; A. .:-.' : .: .. . --:.. . _ .. , .. . ,9429 _590 .... : ; .' : :: . ; . .. .' ';, .... '.. . : :... . . ..... . ,. .: .. : .. .... .. .: }' ,'\ . . 0 ' ' ,.. ; ' . . . .. ' . . ' ,, . ' ' ( ' . . .. .. .. .: .," ... ' . . / \ I ,',J ,.' ' \ .. . . ' . . .. . : . . . . . . ., . . . . . ., . . .. . .. . . ... .. . . . . . . . .... . ... . . . . . . . . . ' . .. ., . . . . : ...

PAGE 21

, : ; I I REFERENCES "A Guide for local Agency Pavement Managers." Olympia, WA: Washington State DOT, TransAid Service Center, December 1994. "Flexible Pavement Condition Survey Manual." Tallahassee, Fl: Florida Department of Transportation, State Materials Office, April 1993. Johnson, Kristine. "Pavement (Maintenance) Management Systems." Kansas City, MO: American Public Works Association, 1984. "Management Systems; Proposed Rule." Federal Register 107 (June 3, 1992). McDonald, Thomas R. "Ho w to Keep High-quality Pavement for low Cost." Pavement Maintenance July 1993: 347-349. Ortiz, Deborah P "Pavement Management in North Carolina." Raleigh, NC: Institute for Transportation Research and Education (ITRE), 1994. "Pavement and Road Surface Management for local Agencies." College Station, TX: Texas Transportation Institute, Texas A&M University, September 1994. "Pavement Management Guide for City Streets. Champaign, IL: ERES Consultants, Inc. for South Dakota Department ofTransportation Office of Research, June 1994. "Pavement Management Systems Users Like Best. Better Roads June 1991: 38-42. "Port Orange Pavement Management System Evaluation Report." Tampa, F L : Center for Urban Transportation Research, College of Engineering, University of South Florida,October 1991. Richter, L.M. "Pavement Management Saves $3 Million." APWA Reporter March 1988: 24. Roohanirad, Ali. "Jackson County Develops PMS for Low-volume Roads." Better Roads February 1994: 25-26. Tarricone, Paul. "So Much Pavement, So Little Time." Civil Engineering 1993: 40. United States. Department of Transportation. Federal Highway Administration. "Pavement Management: What Is It? Why Use It?" Road Business 3 (Fall 1994). Zimmerman, Kathryn A. "The Use of Computerized Management Systems for Airport Pavement Networks." Paper to be presented at the 11th Annual Airport Conference(November 1995).

PAGE 22

. .. ( . .. .. .. : . . . . . : '. ... ,. . . : ... . . . . ... . .. . , i ... ' . . . . / ... . '. . .. .. ... . ; ' . .. .. .. ' . . . .. . .. ... . ... I . . .. .. . .. ,' ' ... '. . ' .. . . ... ... ... ( .. .. ... ... : . ' :-" ... ' .. ... / . . ., . .. . . ,' . . . ; . . ' . . ; . . . ,.. : : . . ' . . . ... .. . . ' . .. center l:lrban. Resear!=li I . . U'nivElrsity of South.Rorida . . . .. 'College of . ' I \ ' 4202 E. Fowler Avenue, EcNB"118 FL Phone; (si3)' I 574-3120 . . .. . Fax; 974:5168 . . .. : e-mqil: p]eti:zyk@eng;usf.edu . ) . . Web'site: http://www.eng.usf.ed!J1CUTR/ctitrhom.e.htmt. . . .... ' . . Gary L Director . : .' . .. ' . Michael C. Pietrzyki-Project Manager Anne Kqil, .Project-AsSjstant . . .. . ... Designed by: Maria Berllh .-. .. . ' . ... . . .. .. . . .. . ,' / ' . . . . . . . .. .. . .. . . . .. .. .. ' . "I . , ... . . . ... . . . ... .. ,#' . .. . . .. ... . ..... .. . .' . <. . . .. . .. .,. ...


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