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Performance of Florida's public transit systems

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Material Information

Title:
Performance of Florida's public transit systems summary report
Physical Description:
v. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
Florida -- Dept. of Transportation
University of South Florida -- Center for Urban Transportation Research
Publisher:
Center for Urban Transportation Research
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
annual
completely irregular

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Local transit -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Urban transportation -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Genre:
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Some issues available online.
Statement of Responsibility:
prepared for the Florida Department of Transportation by the Center for Urban Transportation Research.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with report for 1988?
General Note:
Description based on: 1989, published June 1991.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 028946211
oclc - 28819480
C01-00412
usfldc doi - C01-00431
usfldc handle - c1.412
System ID:
SFS0032437:00001

Related Items

Related Items:
Performance evaluation of Florida transit systems.


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PAGE 1

PERFORMANCE OF FLORIDA'S PUBLIC TRANSIT SYSTEMS Summary Report June 1991

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PERFORMANCE OF FLORIDA'S PUBLIC TRANSIT SYSTEMS SUMMARY REPORT Prepared for the Florida Department of Transportation by CUTR Center for Urban Transportation Research June 1991

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u

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' _''ferlormar}ce of Florida's Transit Systems" was prepared for the_ Flonda Department of Transportatlon by the Center for Urban Transportatton Research at the j University of South Florida. This report sununarizes the of two l technical memoranda prepared as part of the 1989 Performance of Transit Systems. I : M:emorandum #1 is a trend analysis for the years 1984 to 1989 for transit system and for the state as a whole. The analysis idenujSes performance trends over a six-year period. Technical emorandum #2 is a peer review analysis using data collected in 1989 only. A peer review analysis is a common method for comparing a transit system's perfo$ance with similar systems around the country. All data W
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. IV

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I Foreword of Contents Introduction ' Florida's Transit Systems Overview of Transit Tiansit System Performance Trend Analysis (1984-1989) Peer Review Analysis (1989) Conclusions E.rperging Issues i w v 1 2 3 4 5 9 21 22 v

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1 Rapid growth in Florida has resulted in increased attention to public transit as a solution to ever-increasing transportation problems. With this increased attention to public transit came the necessity to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of transit systems Florida legislation requires the Florida Department of Transportation and Florida's transit systems to develop and report on transit system performance. FLORIDA STATUTE 341.041 FLORIDA STATUTE 341.071 FLORIDA STATUTE 341.052 .. 341.041 11100 SUPF'UMI!NT TO "" (3) 'DevOIOp. publth, and ac!mlnls1or stale mea&'"es concerrWig syatem management. perfc:rmanoe, productivity, distribution. and salety of g avnmen t a lly owned r>ubie uensit systems ... (1) ... each pullllc providor shalloatabt ish plJbllc transponallo n development plano conslalent wtth 1oco1 -nment oomprehensM! plans. ( 2) 'Each publ<: tranall provide< shall 0&13bllsh produc:IMty and perfonnanoe measures. be apptcmd by 11\0 dapanment and wll lch must be oeleotod from._. .... developed I>UI1uan11o 3-11.0.1(3) (3) 'Each public tranoi1 provider publish in the locolof ibi aree ll1e prod u CIMiy and petfolmenoe meuurea established for the year ... (') 'T o remain eligible 10 raoeive funding .. oligible tranait i>'cMckl"' must comply >Mill ... s .3-11.071 (1) by July 1, 1991, and ... s. 3-11.071(2) by J uly I 1 992 ...

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greater than 200 buses l 5p-200 buses I 10-49 buses I oj:her systems v 19 total urBan public transit systems v 1 7 systems with flXed-route bus services v 2 systems peoplemovers (MDTA, JXTA) I I v 1 system wi;th rapid rail (MDTA) v 1 system with demand-response and vanpool services (SPCT) d 0 I v i system prp viding commuter rail service (TRIC) MOTA BROW JXTA Hldll' PSTA OTCT PBCT TALT ARTS Tromit A9encr Broword DMdon Jocbonvfl.S TroMportation Aarthority ...... Ro,olonal T ....,tlt Plnellos T ransft Authority Tn (
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3 state and transit systems. ridership levels since ridership gains and cost stability i)J..Il' R citizens. ' -

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Transit system performance is affected by a variety of factors. These factors are irifluenced by transit system management to varying degrees Transit management has a strong influence over some factors, only some influence over many factors, and limited or no influence over even more factors. In understanding the performance of transit systems, it is important to note that differences between the performance of Florida's systems and jts peers may be the result of those factors which are beyond the influence of transit management. Density Zoning Land Use Urban Design Congestion I ncome Levels Parklng Auto Ownership Geography l nftatlon Fuel Availability/Price LIMITED OR NO INFLUENCE OVER FACTORS SOME OVER FACTORS Staff And Experience Support To Use TfiiiVl!t Knowledge ServiGe Levels STRONG INFl.UENCE OVER FACTORS Managemen1/Staff Training Managemen1/Staff Leadership Staff Morale F818 Polley Service Structure Marketing 4

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5 The amount of transit service provided (service miles) has increased 21 percent since 1984. Service Miles Statewide Total 80.000.000 r-----,----,-----,-----,------, 40,000,000 20,000,000 ____ _j 1914 19115 1986 1987 1988 1989 Operating revenues, which include passenger fares, have increased 30 percent since 1984. At the same time, operating expenses, which are influenced by inflation and the amount of service provided, have increased 52 percent. Operating Expense and Revenue Statewide Total $300,000 000 $250,000,000 $200,000,000 $1$0,000,000 $100,000,000 $$0,000,000 $0 1984 19115 1 986 1987 1988 1989

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Ridership on Florida's public transit systems has increased 11 percent since 1984 due primarily to gains since 1987 120,000,000 90, 000 000 lO,OCO,OOO 0 1984 Paueoger Trips Statewide Total i 1 S.....o!eToul I ..,._MDTA ...... All Od>
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7 The cost per service mile has increased 28 percent since 1984. Likewise, inflation has increased 19 percent. Coat Per Service Mile Statewide Total $4.00 .. f _ ._: .. : .... : .... ..... : .... : .... : . : ... : ... F., . : ... :: .... : ... : ... : .... 1 - J. -- ---! : $3. 00 ! l l $2.00 $1.00 $0.00 L_ __ _,_ ___ ..__ __ _,_ ___ __ _, 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 The average fare has risen 19 percent, from 43 cents in 1984 to 51 cents in 1989. Average Fare Statewide Total (Average includes full fares and discount fares.) $.80 ,...----,----.,...----,----..,.----, $.60 $.40 $.20 $0.00 '-----'-----'-----'-----'----' 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

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The number of service miles between accidents has increased 29 percellt since 1984. Miles Between Accidents Statewide Total 30,000 r-----,----.-----.---.,.----. 25,000 15,QOO 10,000 5000 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 The number of service miles between roadcalls has increased 114 percent since 1984. Service Miles Between RoadcaUs Statewide Total (Roadcalls are defined as any service disruption.) 5,000 4 000 3,000 2 000 1,000 0 1984 1985 I I 1986 1987 I I 1988 1989 8

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9 For the peer review analysis, Florida's public transit systems were placed into four peer groups based on operating characteristics. Peers were selected for each group based on similarities in geographic area, population density, number of vehicles, average speed, and vehicle miles of seiVIce. ,'. Add Systoms Ffom 0\JtsMle Florida For Ylrthin lhe SOutheast Systems Simllat For Anal Review 01 All Dat a Decision Variable 13 Average Speed NOTE: Each peer group was selected based on this process with the exception of the greater than 200 bus category The limited number of potential southeastern peers for this category necessttated the selection of systems opera ting in o ther areas o f the United States.

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Broward Transit Division Jacksonville Transportation Authority Hillsborough Area Regional Transit Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority Tri County Transit (Orlando) p lu s eight peers l'alm Beach County Transportation Authority Tallahassee Transit Authority Regional Transit System (Gainesville) East Volusia Transit Authority Escambia County Transit Authority Lee County Transit Authority Sarasota County Area Transit Lakeland Area Mass Transit District plus ten peers Manatee County Transit Smyrna T ransit System Pasco Area Transit System plus six peers 10

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11 Miami's cost per service mile was higher than the peer group (greater than 200 buses) average. .......... ...... -Pottblld """""' H ....... Dolloo St ...... -....... Sooolfo a...lood ......... Sootdo Miami $0.00 Greater Than 200 Buses Cost Per Service Mile System Totals $1.00 $1.00 $3.00 $4 .00 $5.00 $6.00 The cost per service mile for four of five Florida systems was below or within 10 percent of the peer group (50 to 200 buses) average. "" .... Hilsborouof'l -........... 0.0.00.. 50 to 200 Buses Cost Per Service Mile System Totals "-......... -$0.00 $1.00 $3.00 $3.00 $4 .00

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The cost per service mile for six of eight Florida systems was below or within 10 percent of the peer group (10 to 49 buses) average. 1 0 to 49 Buses Cost Per Service Mile System Totals Loktlord .Aioch ... Voll.lio Mob;!, a....Ro.ge -Leo Moo'"' -pc
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13 Miami's cost per passenger trip was within 15 percent of its peer group (greater than 200 buses) av e rage. Greater Than 200 Buses Cost Per Passenger Trip System Totals A v s..--. -.... -Bolfolo -St. Looo 0...... -$0.00 $1.00 A G $100 $3.00 The cost per passenger trip for two of five Florida systems was below or within 10 percent of the peer group (50 to 200 buses) average. 50 to 200 Buses Cost Per Passenger Trip System Totals El'-......... Odoolo H-Ji! PI..U.S -JodJomllle $0.00 $1.00 A v A G $2.00 $3.00

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Only three of e i ght Florida systems had a cost per passenger trip which was below or within 10 percent of the peer group (10 to 49 buses) average. Bolonltoo;gt -s.-...k --pool -... .... -l4blond Eoco ..... c..p. CMol s...... 1M ... $0.00 10 to 49 Buses Cost Per Passenger Trip System Totals $1.00 A v A G $2.00 $100 $4.00 Only one of three Florida systems had a cost per passenger trip which was below or within 10 percent of the peer group (1 to 9 buses) average. .llbo"' T........., Son ...... Lokt Chooloo -St.-Hto! ...... HcwSm,mo -10.00 1 to 9 Buses Cost Per Passenger TripSystem Totals $1.00 A v A c $2.00 $3.00 $4.00 $5.00 $6.00 $7.00 $8.00 14

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15 Miami's service miles between accidents was within 11 percent of its peer group (greater than 200 buses) average. Greater Than 200 Buses Se!Vice Miles Between Accidents System Totals 10.000 :10,000 30,000 .a,ooo !(1,000 Service miles between accidents were higher than or within 1 0 percent of the peer group (50 to 200 buses) average for three of five Florida systems 0 50 to 200 Buses Se!Vice Miles Between Accidents System Totals 10,000 20,000 A v A G 30,000 !(1,000

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Service miles between accidents were higher than or within 10 percent of the peer group (10 to 49 buses) average for five of eight Florida systems 10 to 49 Buses Service Miles Between Accidents System Totals Lee .lo,_ &
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17 Miami's service miles between roadcalls were significantly above (118 percent) its peer group (greater than 200 buses) average. s.,...,_ -a...lon.t II. louis -,..,._,. ""'*"" s.:..... ... Hotdulu .. Sool1i< Dalla Mo ... -l'ltt1luvh s...a... Greater Than 200 Buses Service Miles Between Roadcalls System Totals v c 5,000 7,500 10,000 12.500 15,000 Service miles between roadcalls were higher than or within 10 percent of the peer group (50 to 200 buses) average for three of five Florida systems 50 to 200 Buses Service Miles Between Roadcalls -System To tals .... jiiiiiiiiiiji!i a..tcot. -.I ap.,. -0 G 6.000 8,000 10,000 12.000

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Service miles between ro adcalls were higher than or within 10 percent of the peer group (10 to 49 buses) ave rage for four of eight Florida systems. .... -e-blo -VoM/a loo a..,s.-.b C..,...Chmol ......... -""-9< Tos...oo. -10 to 49 Buses Service Miles Between Roadcalls System Totals A v A G 10,000 Service miles between roadca ll s were higher than or within 10 percent of the peer group (1 to 9 buses) average for only one of two Florida systems. r .... ..., -H
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19 Miami's average fare was significantly higher (36 percent) than its peer group (greater than 200 buses) average. s.. ......... Honolul u s-.a... -........ o.-. """"""' Mlnneapolil Soott!c -o...lood s. ...... a.Molo .......... -Dolloo $0.00 Greater Than 200 Buses Average Fare System Totals SAO $.60 $ .10 The average fare was higher than or within 10 percent of the peer group (50 to 200 buses) average for two of five F l orida systems -._ o..1oot6 aPooo -o.w.lo Jocboowtk ........... -$0.00 50 to 200 Buses Average Fare System Totals $.20 $ .<10 v I G $ .60 uo

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The average f are was higher than or within 1 0 percent of the peer group (10 to 4 9 buses) average for fi v e of eight Florida systems. llo!onRo.go c..p... Chrioti -Asho.!lo Volutla Mol>lo --Columbus Slve-.... &oomlio s. .. lokolonof s.,,,.,"" Pol m Beoch 14.00 10 to 49 Buses Average F a re System Totals $.20 $.30 $.40 $.50 All three F lorida s ystems ha d average fares that exceeded the peer group (1 to 9 buses) average. ......... S.nlongtlo Hood ..... loki Cbo
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21 Transit performance trends are encouraging, particularly recent trends since 1987. Statewide, the following conclusions can be drawn in the areas of safety, reliability, cost efficiency, and service availability Safety -Florid.:z's transit systems are experiencing posi#ve safety trends. Service miles between accidents increased nearly 30 percent since 1984. Likewise nine of Florida's systems were above or within 10 percent of their respective peer group averages in the number of service miles between accidents Service Reliability The service provided by Florid.:z's transit systems is increasingly more reliable. Service miles between roadcalls has increased 120 percent since 1984. As with safety, nine of Florida's transit systems were above or within 10 percent of their respective peer group averages in the number of service miles between roadcalls. Cost Efficiency -Florid.:z's transit systems have imposed cost containment measures. Despite a growth rate in operating costs that exceeds the rate of growth in operating revenues, the cos t per passenger trip has stabilized. 1his is attnbuted to a decrease in the rate of growth in operating costs since 1986 and recent ridership gains. Furthermore, well over half, or twelve, of Florida's transit systems experienced a cost per service mile that was below or within 10 percent of their respective peer group averages. Service Availability The amount of service provided by Florid.:z transit systems is increasing. Statewide, service miles have increased 21 percent since 1984, slightly higher than the rate of population growth (19 percent). As noted earlier, many factors influence transit performance. While recent trends are encouraging, continued attention to marketing careful service design, and cost containment m ust be pursued. More importantly, local governments must commit to stability in funding and land use policies that create a more favorable operating environment for public transit. Particular attention must be paid to urban design, densities, and availability of parking.

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Urban Design/Growth Management -The importance of land use and parking policies as they relate to public transit is being acknowledged. Regionalization of TransportationConsolidation of public transit services is an evolving issue for decision makers in Florida. Americans With Disabilities Act -The act, which requires all fixed-route transit systems to provide accessible services, will increase both capital and ongoing operating costs. Transportation Demand Management Mobility problems are being addressed through programs designed to influence demand and take full advantage of existing transportation supply. Clean Air Act Environmental requirements will place greater emphasis on alternative modes of transportation In addition, transit vehicles will be forced to meet the requirements of the act. Fuel Pricing -The travel costs of an individual impact transit usage. Travel costs are influenced by fuel availability and pricing. Fuel availability and p ricing also influence transit system costs. Innovative Financing-New sources of financing are being introduced, such as impact fees, special assessments, and tax increment financing. 22