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A green light for mobility


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A green light for mobility a summary of the Metropolitan Dade County Regional Mobility Forum, April 5, 1991, Omni Hotel, Miami, Florida
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28 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
University of South Florida -- Center for Urban Transportation Research
USF Faculty and University Publications
Metropolitan Dade County Regional Mobility Forum, (1991
Center for Urban Transportation Research
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Urban transportation -- Florida -- Miami Metropolitan Area   ( lcsh )
Transportation -- Planning -- Florida -- Dade County   ( lcsh )
conference publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


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Cover title.

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oclc - 29453247
usfldc doi - C01-00417
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A green light for mobility :
a summary of the Metropolitan Dade County Regional Mobility Forum, April 5, 1991, Omni Hotel, Miami, Florida.
Tampa :
Center for Urban Transportation Research,
28 p. :
ill. ;
28 cm.
Cover title.
Also available online.
Urban transportation
z Florida
Miami Metropolitan Area.
Dade County
x Planning.
Metropolitan Dade County Regional Mobility Forum
d (1991:
Miami, Fla.)
University of South Florida.
Center for Urban Transportation Research.
USF Faculty and University Publications.
1 773
t Center for Urban Transportation Research Publications [USF].
4 856


.. A GREEN LIGHT FOR BILITY A Summary Of The Metropolitan Dade County Regional Mobility Forum April 5, 1991 OmniHotel Miami, Florida


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Preface The M e t c opolita n Dade County l {egional Mo bilit y Forum mac ked an important reali z ation in the MetroDade a rea -the realization that traditi onal sol uti ons t o mo b ili ty "lill not solv e, on their own, the transportation problems faced by urban commu ters. Mo re i mporta nt it indicates th a t the area's Jeade:rs are i ntel'ested i n t..'lckling the mobili ty p r ob lem and, base d on the geogra p hic and public/private mix of participants, willing t o join forces The For um provid e d a v alua b le e xchange o f c oncerns, frustrations, ideas and solutions Howeve r the challenge will be to p u t this i nform ation to work and to r esis t p u ttin g it on a shelf to ga ther dust Together you in the Metro-Dade area must b uild o n thi s momentum Togethe r, you can achie v e mobili ty. 1


March 15,1991 Dear Friend: I wol!ld like to personaUy invite you to attend the Metropolitan Dad e County Reg ional Mobility Forum on Friday, April 5 1991, from 9 a.m. until! p m at the Omnl Hotel, 160 1 Biscayne Boulevard Miaoo The focus of this important forum will be on innovations to improve mobility in the Miami Sponsored by the U.S. Urban Mass Transportation Administration, rhe Florida Depa.rtment of Transportation the Metro-Dade Transit Agency the Greater Miami Chamber of Commerc e the Metro-Dade County Metropolitan Planning Organization, and the Center for Urban Transportation Research, it will feature presentations by a carefully selected group of national state and local leaden and mobility experts. Your attendance at this conference is crucial to Miami's mobility future, so please plan to join me. The presentations promise to be informative and relevant in addressing the area's transportation problems. Seating has been limited to 125 for this even t so please telephone Ms. Patricia Henderson or Ms. Elizabeth Manning a t the Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR) at 375-0443 by friday, March 29, to c onfirm your reservation. I encourage you to attend thls conference and thank you in advance for your participation. Sincerely, Charles Dusseau Dade County Commissioner


8 :30am 9 :00am !0:15am 0 :30am METROPOLITAN DADE C O UNTY REGIONAL M O BILITY FORUM Omni J-Iotel, 1601 Biscayne Bou l evard, Mi .ami Friday April S, 1 991 AGEND A Registration Welcome -U.S. Congressman William lehman Statement of Purpose-Dade County Co. ounissioner Charles Dusseau -Overview of the Mobility Crisi s in Metro-Dade County Introductions: Ga r y L. Brosch Director; Center for Urlmn Trtmsport.ation Research National : Lawrence L. Schulman State: Local: Br eak Associate Admi11istrator for Technical Assistance & Safety, Urlmn Mnss Transportaticm Administration Char l es Baldwin Secretary, District 6 Florida o{Transportatitm E d Colby D irector, Metro-Dade Transit Agency Challenges of Today, Alternatives for Tomorrow Moderator: Gary Bro.sch P a nelists: Allen Harper Metro-Dade Metropolitan PlanniiJg Organization Norman \+Vartman, Vice O r air Citizetls Transportation Advisory Helen Miller, Commissioner, City of Opa-Locka Shelly Gassner, Pn'Sident, Dade League of Cities Luis Ajamil Greuter Miami Chamber of Commerce Colleen Pix, Local Coordinating Board for the Transportation Disadt'antaged Gilbe rt M Robe rt, Executive Director, Tri-Cou,lly Commuter Rail Authority 12:00 Keynote Address and Luncheon noon Speaker: arian Clymer, Administrtttor, Urban Mass Transportation Administratio11


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Direction frolll Speakers TO 5


The primary purpose of the Suburban Mobilitt; Initiative i s "to help local commrmities atld res s their congestion and mobilitt; p rob lems by lrelping tlrem develop their ow11 effe c tive alternatives to tire American love affair witlr tire single occupmrt automobile." COMMISSIONER CHARLES DUSSEAU A member of t'IJ(! Dade Cmmt y Commission repr e se11ting District 7, Dusseau is C lrairmatt of the Transportation Commil"tee tmd serves mr tire ltttemal Ma,utgemetJt attd Env ironm e ntal Land Use Committees. He was Clrairman of TriRllil in 1989 ami 1991 and lras sen1ed on tir e South Florida Platming Council W: are here today to b egi n disc uss ing a concept whose time I be1ieve has come The concept i s m o bilit y. And that's with a capital "M. This for u m is an outgrowth o f the Suburban Mobility Initiative spon sored by the U rban Mass Tra n sportatlon Adminis t ration unde r t h e leadership of Brian Clymer, who i s wit h u s h ere today and will be speaki n g at our lunch. The pri mary purpose o f the Suburban Mobility Initiative is # to h e l p local communi ti es address their congest io n and mobility problems by helping them develop their own effec ti ve alternatives to the American love affair with the singl e -occupant automobil e. Let's analyze that for a moment becaus e I think the simp licit y of those words rea lly does not do ju stice t o the message It begins by saying, help local commun i ties ," '"'hkh means that each c ommunity needs to address i t s own problems each n eighl>orh ood. 6el ieve m e as big as Dade County is, the problems in each part of the county are u nique and require a grass root s approach. "Develop their own effective alternatives," which means that so l utions need to come from the bottom u p They need to b ubble up, because there is a recognition that government can't impose solutions on all problems. And the final po. rtio.n is t o end the Ame ri can love affa .ir with the s in g l e-occupant automobile What we are saying here is that occas i onally '""e aro goi n g to have to get out of our ca rs and r ecognize t hat every morning when we get up and a conscious decision to use our automobile, we aro creating the problem. And because w e c reat e the problem as a communi t y, we need to work toge ther as a community to solve it. What is the charge before us this morning? It's fairly simple Bocause we failed. \'Ve failed as a communit}'; we failed as a government Our planners have failed; our major cities have failed. And that's demon strated by the fact that in every majo r city in the United States and throughout t he world there is traffic congestion, there is air poll ution and there is a constant b a ttle to try to provide new la nes for the increasing number of cars. In our communities, we should recognize that we must concede defea t b e cause we wilJ never b e able to suffici ent automobile l anes to meet th e demand continually crea ted by more and more automobiles And tha t s not jus t here, it's throughout th e world We do not hav e to loo k very far to see it. You can look outs. ide a window i n dow n town 6


Miami on any given day a n d sec t'hat brown haze out there, which is a f airly recent phenome n o n i n Dade Coun ty. And t h a t cloud is going to continue to creep u p the edge of t h e coas t of Flo r ida, u p into Broward and Palm Beach. n i s clearly being crea ted in the area arow1d Tampa and S t. P etersburg, a n d if w e don't do something abe>ut i t. tho se clouds will mee t somepl ace over Lake Okeechobee We need to address that problem. There is p robab l y no better, or perhapo worse. example of an area that has conceded defeat or that has held out l onger in the battle to try to p rovide highway lanes than Southern Catilomia. In 1935, the first expressway in the United States was built in Southern California. Since tha t time, their answer t o highway congestion has been to sin k more money into more highw a y construction They kept building more and more expressways to meet the demand of more and more automobiles. They contin ued to pollute t h e environmen t a.nd provide mone l anes, a.nd yet t h e p roblem did not improve. Los Angeles has finally acce p ted defeat. I t has put in p lace more severe restr ictions on air pollution than any other place in t h e coun t ry, iJ not the wo rl d And it has begw> to buil d a f i xed r ail syst em They unde r stand there needs to be a diff eren t approach In Florida our major r espo nse t o conge&tion proble ms h a s been our growth management laws. T hese, of course, d e al only with the infrastructure s ince it is n ecessary t o permi t a gi v e n lev e l of service on our highways. Once that l eve l o f se rvice o r cap aci ty ex ists, we're free as com missioners or city councilmen or w o m e n t o build more_, until we fail onc e again, until the < oads agn in beco m e cl ogge d Then it's anothe r moratorium unti l w e build m o r e highwa y Ion es or provide additional capacity in some othe r fa s hi o n Then buildin g s tarts all over again. We begin the same cycle. This s!op andgo" approach to growth management is somethin g that w e are g o i n g to be condemned to live with unless can begin t o becotne m ore cre ativ e Inheren t in our charge this mon>ing 15 a searc h fo< viable olternatives and option s Our challenge is tha t w e n o t be res tricted by the decisions of the past. In your thin king this m oming, a .nd as your effort to enhance mobility is expand e d I w ould ask tha t yo u not b e limited by a singlelevel approach t o m o bili ty, such as more infrastructure. There are no home r u ns i n the b a ttl e t o provide gren t e r mo bility. We are going to have to start hittin g singles, l oadi n g the baS

Tizere are no home runs in the battle to provide greater mobility. We are going to have to start hitting singles, loading the bases and bringi11g the runners home one at a time. Let's be creative, let's experiment, let's color outside the lines a little bit. R eally atzd truthfully, let's get radical. Let s loo k at mobility from a different perspective I think you can compare what I'm trying to say here to the difference between hardware and software in a romputer system. In terms of mobility, look at the hardware as the roads and s i gnals, t he b uses, the trai n track s, the physi cal infrastructure. rhese are the tools, the devices in computer terms, the processors, the supporting peripherals-which are expe nsive powerful, and necessary, but absolutely useless unless you have the appropriat e software l oaded i nto the system Irs the operati ng system the DOS that takes people's trips and organizes them into an efficient and effective flow of people and goods Today, we are here to talk about softwa re. 'We are here to begin the process of determinJng how we can best l everage, best utilize the existing, and hopefully some future, hardware that is, the infrastructure. And we must ensure that there is sufficient infrastructure Let me give you an examp l e o f I mean here in Dade Count}' In Dade County we have innumerable traffic lights, and we can probably imagine what would happen i f that system of traffic lights were to function randomly. I imagine some of }'OU probably think those traffic lights do function randomly, or if they're not random, they're set the exact opposite way they should be. I can assure you that's not the case. We, in fact do have a computer s y ste m that manages that l ight system countywide and makes changes throughout the day to permit the effective and efficien t flo w of cars The problem we have here in Dade County is that it works fine fo r a reasonable number of cars. U nfort u nately, however, w e have too many car s in too smal l a. place But it does demonstrate tha t the physical hardware has t o be managed through an appropriate software system. Traffic i s lik e a fluid going through a tube, and when that tube gets constricted pressure builds up in back. The problem we have i'l) not with the people in the cars We could put a lot more people in that tube. The prob lem is the cars themse lv es and the space they take up. We need to begin to concentrate, as I said, on the peop le-on the human romponent. And 1 believe we can say that experiments by government that trust in the human rompon ent have worked. When I was elec ted, we formed a special transit committee to find a way to look tor sufficient savings wit h ou.r exi st ing transit budget that would fund th e C\'ent ua l implemen t ation of the People Move r Systems. By getting labor, management and a lot of othe r s tog e ther, tha t system worked They were successful. We now a separate committee t hat meets every week to the work behveen all the agencies and physicalities and professiona ls that are working on the People Mover project. These meetings provide greater control, as well as the sharing of information th at further assures that the project will be completed on tim e and under budget. And I can tell yo u right now we're about $40 million under budget of projected base. I don' t know that that will necessarily hold up, but it d emo n s trates that people working together can be successful. This concept of cornmunity effort need s to be expanded and imple-men t ed, and that i s why we arc h ere today. To improve urban congestion, we need t o start listening not just to traffic planners # but to Joud muni cipa liti e s, many of whom are represented here today and their residents. I intend to do just that, not just by being here today and 8


listening to what is said, but by hearing what different people in the neighborhoods say. That means going to the people. That means that instead of holdil'l.g ofJke hours on Metrorail as I have been doillg in the past, I am going t o begin a process of holding weekly meetings at vadou s coffee shops and restaurants thr oughou t Dade County to ge t input from the people there, to learn their concerns. If any of you know a good local breakfast place where we can have a l ittle get tog ether some wee kday morning, please let me know, and Yll be glad t o b e there. America and So u .lh Florida have an unparalleled c hallenge in the 21st cen tury. A.n inattention to mobility, t o moving peopl e, can p aralyze us, and I am afraid in Dade County we have already developed a l i ttle bit of a limp I n the 21st century we have a date with greatness in Ameri ca I '''o uld hope that we don't let histo r y write tha t we had a date with destiny but didn' t make it because we were stuck in trafilc. I welcome yo u r participation, I look f orward to hearing what you have to say abo"t this problem, and I lo o k forward to working with you to begin to sol v e it. 9 In the 21st amtury, we h.ave a date with greatness in America. I would hope that we don't let history write that we had a date witlz destiny but didn't make it becaus e we were stuck in traffic.


It has become apparent that tire design and impleme11tatio1t of effective tra11sportatio11 poliCJj is 110 lo11ger limited to govermmmt officials or to commu11ity plan11ers m1d engineers Corporate leaders a11d busi11ess ow11erswho 11eed to ensure mobilitlj for their e mployees a11d customers have become important team members as well. LAWRENCE L. SCHULMAN Associate Administrato r for Teclmical Assistance and Safety for the Urban Mass Transportatio1J Administration (UMTA), Schulman begatJ his federal service in 1964 as a planner for the Federal Highway 1ldministration's Urban Planning Division He joinect UMTA in 19n as Chief Transportation in tl1e Tech11ical Studies Division of the Office of Tra11sit Assistance. lam particularly pleased to be in Miam i and Dade County for this ontm. I know the City of Miami Dade County and the State of F lorida have worked hard in partn ership and with good results, in bringing improved transportation services to a rflpjdly changing metropolitan area. Not only has Miam i's transportation inf rastructure been improved through Metrorail and Mctromover, but the City, County an.d State are making good use of i nnovative concep t s These include the special district for the downtown People Mover, joint development around Metrorail stations, and extensions via public/private p artnerships. You have util ized .rtew planning techniques that specifically coordinate land dev elopm ent with trans portation needs and which, bQth locally and statewide provide for better decisions on capital projects So my hat is off to the Dade County area as it embarks on i t s i_mportant t-rnnsportation journey into the next century The topic of today's forum, regional mobility, i s an i ncreasing!} serious matter. Survey after survey show t ransportation problems in general, and traffic congestion in particu.lar, to be among the most important issues i n every m e tropolitan a .r-ea in America Lack of mobility is not our only concern however. The adverse effects of congestion on our environment particularly air quality, is another. Currently over 100 metropolitan areas do not meet th e Environmental Protet.'iion Agency's air quality s tandards. Vehicles idling in traf f i c are major contributors to pollut io n i n our urban areas. Another concern is the economic cost of traffic congestion, which I will say more about ina moment. Most of us, certainl}' anyone who travels very muc h a.round our d ti es or commutes to work, can remember when mo b ility was something v. .. e all too k for granted. That is not the case anymore. This forum is part of the response to thi s change in our lifestyle. As community leaders, you know the impor t ance of mobility to Americans from all walks of life. A s participants in this forum, you can play a major rol e in improving mobil ity in thi s area It has become apparent that the design and implementation of effective transportation policy is no longer limited to government officia ls or to commun ity planners and engineers. Corporate leaders and 10


business O\v.nerswho need to ensure mobility for their emplO)'ees and customers-have become important team members as well The expanding range of community interests involved in this effort illustrat es how fur we have come in our understanding of mobility issues. Today's forwn is one more important s tep in this process U n til recently, areas outside the commercial core of our nation's cities were ma.lnly as bedroom communiti es. Cot\seque.nlly, past generations of transpor tation planners focused all their efforts on providing service to the central business dist rict (C6D). These planners believed that mobility could be provided best by a n exclu sive system of radial highways and rail or bus line s, which would converge in th e CBD. They also assumed that trips within and b etween centers outside the CBD wou l d b e made i n private automobi l es ove r roads with more than adequate capacity. That perception lingered long after reali ty! Since 1960, downtown Los Ange l es share of the metropolitan office market has declined from 60 percent to only 34 percent. In Chicago, over 90 percent of the j obs are outside the traditiona l downtown. In the Miami area, there has been a 90 percent increase i n s u burban employment and a 67 percen t increase in the number of veh i cles used for commuting to work. Emplo yment in suburban areas now accoun t s fo r almost half of all metropolitan jobs. Moreover, the n umber of v,rorkcrs who commute from a suburban home to a suburban job in a .metropolitan area is now double the number who commute from the suburbs to the central city. Re cent census figures also point out that over half of our population today resides in large metropolitan areas encompassing subur bs, act i vity cen ters, and th e u rban core Gridlock across the entire rnetropolita n area spectrum is one of the prices we a re paying for this shift il\ demographics and t rav el patterns. This gridlock -gridl ock across the entire metropolitan area is sometimes more severe in the suburbs th an dow.n town. On an annua l basis traffic congestion cos t s our nation two billion lost person-hou r s per year. That's equa l to approximately th.e t otal hours worked by everyone i n the Denver area annually. Le t me put tha t into dollars and cents. A recent report said that, in 1987, congestion in the 25 larges t metropolitan a reas cost about $42 b illion, and that is only a partial es timate, based on the l argest cities. just think of what the cost might be o n a national ba si s. We simply caMot afford this kind of waste There's still side to this story Cen sus figures show that car owne rship nati6J;twide increased from abou t one per household in 1960 to 1.7 per household in 1983 During the same pe riod the number of peopl e per household was declining from 3.38 to 2.82, which means that the number of cars available to each person in the household doubled during those two decades. TI>is, t h en, is the background that sets th e stage for t he challenge of th e .next decade. And I am pleased to note that a gro\ving number of American commun i ties are working as \\ell as harder, to solve their mob ility probl ems on a metropolitan area-w ide scale J:Iouston, Texas, now has an efficient netwol'k of transirnrays, which make mass transit more convenient by giving buses, c arpools and vanpools l'heir own ri ght-of-way outside of snarled traffic lanes. Roanoke, Virginia ha s created an i ntermodal hub a transfer facili ty that serves not only city 11 On an annual basis, traffic congestion costs our nation two billicm lost person hours per year. That's equal to approximately the total !tours worked by everyo11e in the Dettver area attnually.


We can no longer afford an approach ill which we simply pit tlze tra11sit system agai11st the lliglzway system. We must begirz to see them arzd treat them witlzirz the larger context of total mobilit1J needs. buses but connects passengers with intercity bus lines, ta xicabs and even private automobiles that can be parked in the facility's gamge. This projec t shows the potential of joint development efforts. Traffic mitigation ordinances p i oneered by Pl easanton and San R afael, California, are other approaches being studied and developed. Oklahoma City has developed a c omprehensive plan lor growth and development that calls for th e consideration of transp<>rtation systems management measures intend ed to reduce future traffic congestion. Here in Florida the State has placed into law a growth mana gement concept. As you well know. under this law, before new devel opment can occur, either existing transportation i nfras tructu re must be in place or new i nfrastructure must be built to accommodate such devel opment This certainly forces local decisionmakcrs to address transportation needs concurrent wit h proposed land use development. Many of t hese new approaches involve the use o f public/ private partnerships. an approach that the Urban Mass T ransportation Administration (UMTA) wants to encourage Strategies deeloped with such an approach are usually more successful than those simply imp<>Sed by government edic t. We live in an age of increasing demands for mobility and a bipartisan recogni tion of the need to make bett er use of our resources. \ Ve can no longer afford an approach in which we simp ly pit the transit sys t em against the highway system. \Ve must begin t o see them -and treat themw i thin the la rger con t ext of total mobility needs. As we coo r dina t e our efforts, we must remain aware of the powerfu l influence that loca l governm e nts, deve lopers and employers have through control of such factors as zoning, site planning. parking p<>Jicies, and work hours Wise land use planning is essential to th e success of any comprehensive transp<>rtation program. And such programs must involve effec tiv e demand management strategies, A growing list of communities across the country have a l ready forged coalitions of public and private sector i n terests to support improved mobility. Pub1ic transportation, particul a rly in large metropolitan areas, cannot be handled b y one organization -or by public officials or private businessmen going it alone. A coordination of efforts involvin g transit agencies .. metropolitan planning organizations, state departments of transportation, transportation management associations {TMAs) employers and developers is necessary to effectively deal with the complex transportation problems posed in m ulti-jurisdictional metropolitan areas today. U MTA's mobility programs, I am proud to say, have played a role in many of these coopcmtive efforts. Under the Regional Mobility Program started in 1988, for example, a wide variety of strategies that coxnrnut.tities can draw on to meet their specific transportation needs have been encouraged. Our technical assistance has enabled local communities to form TMAs; to implement various employer or developer transportation programs; to initiate traffic m .it.igation ordinances; to stu.dy consumer-based fare; and to implement comm ute r vouche rs t o enable employers to subsidize and encourage transit use among employees. 12


We are a lso working closely with the Federal Highway Administrati .on and have initiated a joint program that will help local communit ies, with the coordination and l eadership of the metropolitan planning organizations, to i .mplement a wide range of comprehensive, demand management approaches to mobility We are also Initialing efforts to expand the market for transi t carpools and vanpools through informationsystem i nnovations using Intelligent Ve hi cle Highway Sys tems (IVHS) technologies We see grea t promise in the appl ication of these technologies to improv e th e operation of transit and ridcsharin g modes. UMTA is committed to obtainin g th e maximum public benefit s of these devel oping IVHS technologies. Our main interest will be o n advanced traveler information s ystem s The objective will b e l'o prov id e travelers rea.. l ti me i nformation on travel a lternatives before they begin a trip and, hopefully, t o encourage the use of s hared ride altl!:rnatlves-carpools van pools, buses .. rail. As you are a ware_, the transi t i nd ustry has broadened its small slice of the transportation pie to include all th e shared ride modes They view themselv es, and rightly so, as mobility managers. We encourage and applaude such efforts, for we believe they will lead lo more efficient use of the existing infrastructure and mobility in our cities and suburban areas. On a broader perspective, consistent with new nationai!Tansportation policy issued last year, we are also stressing an e xpanded role in research and te<:hnology development {R&D) in fostering Improved tra nsportation. Our proposal for the upcoming new trans it and highway rea u thorization bill includes significantly greater funding resou rce s for R&D activities starting in fiscal yea r 1992. Our proposi>l also includes a restructuring of the R&:D program to ensure tha t the l e v e l of this resource will be consistent w i t h t h e total level of Investment of the fed eral capital dollars in transi t in fra s truc ture. In closing, let me say I am very p leased to have had the opportunity to participa t e in this forum. Although I have only touched briefly o n the chall enges and opportunities we face, I hope that what I have said has given you a view from t h e national perspective o f the Urban Mass Tran sportation Administration. The strategleo you will be discussing, and UMTA's programs and polidos in support of those strategies, can help communities combine creativity with good transportation management. They can make it possible t o improve local and regional mobility programs without paying an exorbitant price Breaking the grip of gridlock is a formidable tos k t o be sure. But it can be done. Tn fact, with th e calib r e of people we have in attendance today, I don' t see how we can fail So, let's roll up our s l eeves, p u t on our thi nki n g caps, a n d get to work equipping America's transportation system for a successful j ourne y into the next dll<:adeand the next cen tu ry. 1 3 The transit industry lras broadened its sma ll slice of the transportation pie to i n c l ude all the shared ride m odes Tirey view themsel ves and riglltly so, a s mobility ma11agers.


Suburban congestio11 is 11ot sometl1ing that j11st lrappewd has been a long time i11 the maki11g. But it is also the result of some pretty {undame11tal trends i11 the way free people have elected to ma11age their li ves. BRIAN CLYMER ;1ppoitrted of tire Urbau Mass TrtmsportatiOtJ Admitristration by President Bnslr, Clymer has tm extensive background ;, botl1 transportation a nd municipal finnuce H.e served on the Board of the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority fro m 1980 until 1 989 ami, among otlre-r committee assignments, be-came a member of the Budget and Audit Committee in 1981, serving as Chairman of tire committee in 1983. He lras over 20 years of experience in public accounting I am delig hted to be with you i n South Florida today I am here to taJ k about what we, as a nation, must d o to avoid choking to d eath on our own abundance, to talk about a problem that many people -many smart people are firml}' and honest l y convinced will never be solved. I am here to talk about what we can do to addr<:ss the problem s of congestion that are turning our once-promising metropolitan suburbs int o hopeless quagmires of bumper-to-bumper tr affic jams. Dont ever doubt that this is a ''ery real problem of nationa l significance and scope, either. It i s not just a case of some upscal e suburbanites having to lea v e for work a few minutes earlier each morning. It's a national problem, because suburbar 1 congestion is starting to take a toll o.r1 our nation's produc tivHy lt is a national probl em, because lower productivit y means the very value of our currency i s under threat. It i s a national problem, becau se this country is only going t o have

I n a sense, it is a lot worse. We just have to face up to the fact that the s hape and texture of our metropolitan areas have dramatically change la inily' s radio out th e front door i n his shir t pock et. Economists a1\d sociologists nnd urban p!t a .nd a ll sorts o f o t h e r people can dazzle u s with their s tatistics as t hey try to t ell us t h e impor tant trends we s h ould be l ooking o u t for. I t h i n k this stor y o f the t wo rad ios Mys i t a ll O u r economy has changed. We make diffe r e n t kinds o f products, and the workpl aces w here our expan d i n g econom y i s crea ting new and exciting job s aren't the workpl aces o yesteryear. T h e s u bu r b a n off ice compl ex and the subu1ban I ndustrial par k h a ve, i n one sense replaced the steel mill and th e coal min e and th. e big factory dowtt by the river where tl>ey us e d to 5 0 -pound radios. We must a l w a ys pay attentio n to retaining th e vltnllly of our cen tra l downtown b u s i ness districts In fact, that is a who l e different issue, and l can't begin to stress how important it is. But we also have t o rccogni

Tire fact that we are alllrere today is ample evidence that i11 our field, 11rban and nrral trausportatio11, the old ways of doing b11siness are not working as well as the1J should. more and more congestion, we are going to have lower and lower productiVit}' and we are going to continue to waste the very precious ilatural resources that we' sho\.tld spend our time conSE"rving. That is why you are here today You are here to l earn what kind of measures can be t aken to corre<:t some of the trends that are leading us in the wrong direction You are here to Jearn about demand management, the generic name for a whole family of activities that approach the problem of congestion, not by expanding capacity, but by controlling and reducing the number of vehicles needed to carry on the da'(s business. l heard the perfect analogy lor demand management the other day, even though it did .not involve transportation; it involv e d higher education. Ther e was thi s university that \'\.as running short of classroom space Classes wer e being held in all sorts of nooks crannies around campus and everyone bec..'\me convinced that a new classroom building should be built. That's the o l d way-you solve congestion problems by spending a lot of money, pouring a lot of concrete and buying some new and expanded capacity. But then somebody took a dose look at how this university was scheduling its classes It turned out that, yes, there was a sever e crunch for classroom space and a lot more classrooms could certainly be used. But there was on ly a crunch during two very popular time slots th e 10 a.m. class and the 11 a.m. class on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. After lunch, there were classrooms all over the place that \\ere totally unused. And a t 8 a.m. and 9 a m., the campus was practically deserted The sol ution to thi s particular classroom crunch was not to expand capacity lt was to manage the demand in a more intelligent fash i on and get great e r utilization out of existing resour ce s. lt took work. Full profussors don't Like to be told they can't t each when they want to t e ach, and all of us remember our stud e nt days w ell enough t o recoil in horror at th e thought of getting out o l bed early in the morning. But these ar e precise l y the kinds of tough decisions and trade-offs that have to be made when the oJd ways of doing business are not working. The fact that we arc a ll here today is amp le evid ence that in our fiel d urban and rural trans. portation, the old ways of doing business are not working as well as they should What we are here to Jearn is not how to build that new classroom building. It is all the little things it takes to reschedule classes so the existing facilities can be used more productively including whatever it takes to get those lull professors to play a willing role in the whole process, too. Now, l et me shift gears j ust a bit and get t o my final point It is one of the f un parts of my j ob. I am very pleased to announce today that the U n ited States Departm ent of Transportation, through the Urban Mass Transportation AdministratiOI\, is mak ing a grant to the Metro Dade Transit Agency. Like the techniques and strategies that are at the heart of this regiona l mobility con f er e nc e th i s grant wHI enable Metro Dade t o study what kinds of new j oint development activity might be pursued a J ong and around t he Metrorail Transit System. The grant is for $80,000. With some hard work and a good strong sea breeze at your back, it can be

Signals froltl Forultl Participants 17


MERGE EFFORTS : The N eed for a Regional Approach "I thi nk (North Dade County) is unique in the sense that it is necessary and essetttial that all of th e transportation needs in Dade be coordinated with those in llroward County ... only TriRail has begun to solve t hat prob lem. We must coordinate and erase th e boundaries of the counties and begin to coord i nate mass transit between the counties on every single l evel Shelly Cassuer, President, Dade l-eague Q{ Cities "How can we develop a \\'in win relat ionship how can we streamline our costs what c an we do to consolidate things? That's what s needed in a reg i onal approach .... "Gil Robert, Executive Director, Tri-County Commuter Ar1thorit y ''We need to better coordinate transportation improvement and service with local government. we need to be a stronger partner with the Dade County MPO the Transportation Committee of the Dade County Board of Comm i ssioners and others t hat play a ro l e here in South F lo r ida. -Charles Baldwin, FOOT Secretary, District 6 ''\.Ye need a growing, healthy federal partnership combined with exist i ng state and local resources .... -Chester "Ed" Colby, Director, Metro-Dade Tra11sit Agmcy ''Public transportation, particular!}' in the l argest metropoJitan areas, cannot be h a n dled by one organization. It cannot be hand l e d by public officia l s alone or businessmen doing it alon e A coordination of e ffort s must involve the transit agencies, .MVOs, state depart.meots of transportation, transportation managem ent employers and developers .. LarnJ $elm! man, Associate Administrator for Tt>clmical AssistatJce & Safety, UMT A "Our biggest problem is r e aching a consensus What I t hink w e n ee d to do is address a procedure by which we can resolve conflict.'' Geor8e Berlin, Resident, Dade Comity 1 A resolution of the ( ji tney and bus system conflict) problem may allow quick and re lativel y i nexpensive major expansion of public/private transportation in Dade County. From joint tokens and transfers to interconnecting routes, government help for financing the j i tneys and combined publishing of th e schedules ... by working together, the jitneys and BMTA cou l d be greater than the sum of their i ndivid u al parts N orman Wartman,. Vice Cllnir, Otiz.ens Tmnsportation Advisory Committee 18


JUNCTION OF MODES: The Importance of an lntermodal System "We need direct access to the a irp o rt by mass transit. We need to have the kind of system you have in \'Vashington, D.C. "{here you get on a train downtown aod you get right to National Airport by tra in ." Slzelly Gassner President, Dde Z...gue of Cities ''The State's rol e is to increase the i n ce ntives f or public transit and to promote the most efficient use of our current state highway facilities and quarters We need to aggressive!}' c ncourage improvement of access between o u r a ir ports, seaports and rail facilities."-Clmrles Baldwin, FDOT Secretary, District 6 "'\N e want to be able to push right into TriRail, push right into Metrorail without a hassle." Helen Miller, City of Opa-Lockn "We work with people who are looking to you for transportation in order to be able to survive ... migrant workers, the homeless . .. You have jo b tra ining opportunities and day care opportunities in town -the community i s offering everything. But they can't access it, th erefore the poverty cycle co.ntinues I realty r ecommend t he idea of linking the minibus system wi th your Metro-Dade T r ansit Systems to reach the smal l er populations ." Ann Marie IZ/esthery, Henllh Access Planner, Dade Co11nty Henlt/J Ed11catian Center ''VI' e need to aggressively promote t he i ntegration and accessibility of the transJlortation system by all poten tia l users ." Charles Baldwin, FOOT SecretnYlJ, Distri c t 6 19


DEAD END: BUREAUCRATS AT WORK The Need for Better Public/Private Relation s DEAD END WRONG WAY "The biggest problem facing us is not nec essarily lack of consensus, it is a lack of understaJlding of everybody else's problems and putting them all together to achieve a solution." -Luis Ajamil, Greater Miami ChamiJer of Commerce "Eve n if I give the govemment th e tax es it wants, will it be able to use the money that I give it and use it wisely? We, as th e public, appa r ently don't believe that it will, so we won't pass taxes no ma tter lvha t Alle11 Harper, Metro-Dade Metropolitan Pltmnirtg Organization "We must appeal to the public, gain respect from the public Hele11 Miller, Commissio11er, Cit y of OpaLockn "A t the root of ( t he problem) is credibility, credibility in our public officia l s and the people that are delivering the services. And I can tell you that there is no cause for a lack of credibility -Luis Ajamil, Greater Miami Cham17er of Commerce ''When we have to drag facts out, then it doesn't give us a lot of confidence in the process, and I don't think there's any reason for tha t .... "Charlotte Gree11barg, Northeast Dade Coolitio11 "Public pcrceptiofl that the p roblem is being addressed or resolved is critical to what is going on in Dade Cotm t y and how many feel about the transportation here." Shelly Cass11er, President, Dade League of Cities "Lac k of public consensus o n solving the transportation problem is the number one issue .... Perhaps the greatest crisis in transportation is that no one, 110 group, has pulled us together." -AIIe11 Harper, M etro-Dade Metropolitan Plmwing Organization 20


REDUCE SPENDING AHEAD: The Need to Ma ximize Existing Resources REDUCE SPENDING AHEAD "We have millions and millions of dollars o f infrastn tcture in ouc communities, and I thi n k a t this particu lar point the importa n t th ing to do i s maximize the use of that infrastructure to provide mobility i n our communities/' Larry Schulman, Associate Administrator for Technical Assistance & Safety, UMTA "Let's take what we have, maximize it_, fu nd i t properly and bui. l d upon it.'' Luis Ajamil, Greater Miami Clzamber of Commerce '1'm concerned if I see a van bought by state or federal dollars sitting i n f ront of maybe a shelter workshop ... a school bus that isn't being used i n front of a schoo l in off-peak times. How can we get that schoo l bus to pic k up some e l decly folks around the comer and take them to a grocery store ... or that van to p ick u p a person who is poor and take them t o a training facility and do that at low cost? Because that's what we're t a l king about in transportat ion coordination ... we're talking abo u t, rather, better ways of u ti lizing what we have right now .... -Colleen Fix, LoCill Coordinali>Jg Board for the Tra>Jsportatio" Disad!Xl>JI4ged In Dade County, presently we have a lot of transportation that overlaps The taxi cab industry has gone from an average of 15 rides a day to an average of eight ride s a day .... Part of th. e pro blem with this is over l apping competition. If we are to have jitneys if we are to have vans if we are to have these different types of t ransportation, let's make sure they are not out there cherry -pickin g the rides that a ce a lready being serviced properly Let's make sure that they are assigned routes." .. Diego Feliciano, Vice President South Florida Taxiet1-b Association we see that the public transportatio n system that we i n pla c e with the resou r ces we have available now, is defined as a winner, then we can g o back out to the publ ic and receive the addit i onal resources that are going to be nec es s ary to expand that winner." Brian 1\1irson, Carr Smith Asstlcintes "TriRai l has the access and the funding capabi l ity to charter that allows i t to i ntegrate the movement of goods and people on i t s S}Stem ... we h ave gone to ships conta iners, and t hey can be moved on heavy rail from the port to the airport .... Tha t same heavy rai l can move peopl e b ack and f orth. ''James A Reeder, Mayor, Biscayne Park Zl


YIELD TO LOCAL IDEAS: The Need for a Grass Roots Approach "So l utions need to come from th e bottom up. They need to bubble up, be<:ause I t hink t hat there is a recognition that government can' t impos e solutions to all prob le ms ... This concept of cooperatiw community effort needs to be expanded and i mplemen t ed. To imp rove urban congestio n we need to start listening not just to traffic. planners, bu t t o loca l municipalities and th eir residents." Charles Dusseau Dade C()u11ty Commissioner "As a State agency, w e have to deve l op criteria and g uid eline s that are sufficie nt l y fle xible to admin ister to th e transportation needs i n Bartow C h ip l e y and Dade County. Th e in itiative t o incr ease that flexibil ity has b een under way lor some t i m e, and they are making progr ess It is going to offer a welcome change in th e way we apply our re so ur<:es w i th i n the Dade com munity and District 6." -Charles 8aldtvi11, FDOT Secretary, Distr i c t 6 The solut io n i s find i ng th e needs of th e local peopl e. Those solutions applied from the top d o wn don't n ecessaril y work The solu t ion s have to be f ound and put togethe r to service th e peop l e. The so lu t ion s hav e t o be found at the local level." Fred Ross, Director of Economic Developmetlt, C il y of Hialeah '''Thinking about coordi n a tion and what we've accomplished in our state, our best successes were in ru ral areas where th e r e are so few reso u rces everyone underst ands the necessity of s haring In urban areas there s a much stronger turfism issue, and t ha t's a problem." -Colleen Fix, Local Coordinating Board for tlze Trtmsportntion Disadvantaged 22


CHANGE DIRE CTION: Th e N e e d f or a N e w A pp roach t o Plan n i n g NORTH WEST ? EAST -SOUTH "Wise land use planning is essential to the success of any comprehensive transportation program_" lArry Schuhnnn, Associate Administratqr for Tee/mica/ Assistance & Safety, lTMT A "W e've got to use mixed use zoning--so that we caJ\ put bus in ess and th e residenti al community together-" Shelly Gassner, President, Dade League of Cities "'Ne comeu p ,..,ith bad transportation plans in Dade County . .I-95 in its original configuration had a median strip that could have accommodated Metrorail or a mass transit systein from here to Palm Beach County. It seems to me that eff i cient planners would have considered that transportation corridor as a p lace for mass transit of the magnitltde of Metrorail." Welli11gto" L. Rolle, South Florida Regional Planning Council ''We have got to come-up with a way to allocate our resources at the state level for a more balanced transportation syst e m Historica ll y the spew has been to the road and bridge business We are past that time. The road and bridge b u siness is critical, bu t the other e l ements o f transportation are eq u ally as critical Clmrles Baldwin, FDOT Secretary, District6 23


DETOUR TRADITION: The Need for New Technology and Innovative Ideas DETOUR vve have to address the ne""'' technolog ies that are emerging ... the Florida Mo t oris t Informa tio n Net work (FLAMINGO) will incorporate s tate-o f the-art acciden t detection acciden t verification and motorist informa tion ." Charles B<>ldwin, FOOT Secretary, District 6 "El ectron i cs, computerization interactive hig hway s and vehicles, in the lon g term could actuall) double or triple highway capaci ty ."-Nomum Wartman .. Vic e Chair, Citizens Transportation Advisory Commitlee "We need to look at Biscayn e Bay It's an opportunity tha t has not been used. Our community Miami Beach, the whole eastern portion o f Dade County, downtown-does not use Biscayne Bay as a m eans of t r ansit. \'\1e need to take a Jook a t the times that the causeway and river brtd g es are open and whether the y should even be allowed to be open anytime during rush hour Ira vel." Gnssuer, President, Dnde of Cities '' Telecomm u ting, working-athome groups and self-contained hometown communities shou l d be encouraged." Nomum Wtrrtmtm, Vice Chair, Citizens Transportation AdvisonJ Committee "Whe n you get your license and you register your car, maybe th e re should b e an added surcharge, and i n exc h a n ge, coupons arc sent back to the automobile owner tha t give t h e m passes to use mass transit.'' .. Shelly Gassner. President, Dade L?ague of Cities "\'\fe need to take a look at creati n g viable b icycle paths. \

NO POLLUTING: The Importance of Protecting the Environment "For the sake o f efficiency, for the benefi t of economic survival lor the s u rviva l o f our delicate ecology and basically to preserve the quality of life, we need to start lo oking at more .regional solutions to our transportation prob lem." -Allen Harper, iWetrcrDade Metropolitan Plmming Orgauization "We nee d to b e a b so l utel y attuned to t h e p r otection of the environment within the So uth Fl orida commu n ity a r ea. -Charles Baldwi11, FOOT Secretary, District6 "Transportation can contribute significant ly to state object i ves, not the least of w hich a r e economic devel opmen t environmental protection and growth management ." Charles Baldwin, FDOT Secretory, District6 #Currently, over 100 metropolitan a r e a s d o n ot meet t h e Env i ronmen t a l P ro t ect ion Agency's air quality standards. Vehicles idli n g i n traffi c are m a j o r contributors to poll uti. on in our urban areas." -Larry Schulman, Associate Administrator for Technical Assisumce & Safety, UMTA T he p r o b lem is not me r ely one of traffic congestion ... it is a matter of mobilily ... .lt is a matte r of air q u ality .. i t i s a matter of ( limi ted) .reso u rces ... it is a matte r of energy .. .. -Chester "Ed" CoiiJy, Oircctor, Metro-Dade Tmnsit Agency F rom the Chamber's perspective th e same perspective as the homeowners groups, activists, e nvironmentalis t s we want better transportation, but we want better transpor t ation because we r ec ogrtize tha. t i t i s the ... econ omic c enter of NHami.''-Latis Ajnmil, Greater Miami Chamber of Commerce 25


TALK TO THE PUBLIC: The Need to Promo te Programs and Proj ects #We need to market our programs better. Good products without a sale. are not good p rodu cts and t hey tend t o fail." Allen Harper, Metr<>-DMe Metmpolitan Planuing Organization "We have heard t ha t we are bad p lanners .... We have some of the m05t highly qualified planners in the coun try here, '"e jus t don't tend to communicate that very well to t he pub l ic, the use r Brian Mirs.111, Om Smith Associatel' "Wha t we do know is the community by and large does not understand the p r ojects o r the i mprovements that are r ecomme nded .... George Berliu, Resident, Northeast Dade County 26


SP E AKERS and PA NELI STS Luis Ajamil Vice President of the engineering firm Post, B u ckley, Schuh & Jernigan, AjamiJ is a former Vice Chairman of the G r eater Miam i Chamber of Cotluneroe. He is a board member of the Miami Progress F oundation and an executive committee member of Floridians for Better T r ansportation. Cb.ules Baldwin District 6 Secretary for the Florida Department of Transportation, Baldwin was former Deputy Directo r of the Dade County Public Works Depa rtment. He is a registered professional engineer and has been involved i n higbwaj and transportation i ss u es for 30 years. Ch .ester Colby Director of the Metro -Dade Transit Agency s i nce 1 989, Co lby was formerly the General Manager of a Denve r Colorado Regional Transportation District. He also served as Public Transit Administrator for the City of Phoenix Arizona, for ten years Colleen Fix As a Dade County res ident dependen t o n paratransit, Fix worked to develop Dade's first paratransit program i n the earl y 19 7 0s. She was an inaugu ral member of Florida's Transportation Coordina ting Council fo r the Transportat ion Disadvantaged, which s h e also Vice Chaired She is presently Vice Chair o f Dade's l oca l Coordinating Board for the Transp ortation Disadvantaged. Shelly Gassner President of the Dade League of Cities, Gassner has held numerous offices in the Florida and Natio n a l League of Cities A councilwoman for the City of North Miami, she has served on the South Florida Regional Planning Counci l and the Comprehensive Maste r Plan Advisory Committee of Nort h Miami. Allen Harper An active member of the Miami community, Harper is a principle of several companies in the real estat e industry He i s Cha i rman of t he Transportatio n A c tio n Committee of the Greater Miam.i Chamber of Commerce and was appointed Director of the Tri.County Rail Authority by the Governor of fo1orida. Commissi o n e r H e len Miller A commissioner for the cit) of OpaLocka, Miller is a mother of seven, grandmother o nine and greatgrandmother of two, a .nurse and a politician. She i s a former mayor of Opa-Locka and was appoi nted by Governor Bob Graham to the Dis tr ict XI Human Rights Adviso r y Committee. Gilbert M Robert Robert is the Executive Di

The Metropolitan Dade County Regional Mobility Fo r u m was produced and coordinated b y the follo wing organizations: U.r:bao Mass Transportation Administration Greater Miami Chamber of Commerce Florida Department ot Transportation Metro-Dade Metropolitan Planning Organization Metro-Dade Transit Agency and Center for Urban Transportation Research, USF, Tampa The following organizations contributed generously to provide a luncheon for forum participants: Carr Smith Associates Cogefarlmpresit U.S.A., Inc Howard Needles Tammen & Bergendoff Ftederick R. Harris, Inc Keith & Schnars, P.A. Kimley-Hom and Associates, Inc. Parsons Brinckerhoff, Inc. Post, Buckley, Schuh and Jernigan, Ralph Parsons Co. Recchi America and Steel Hector ao

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