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Analysis of automatic vehicle identification technology and its potential application on Florida's turnpike

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Material Information

Title:
Analysis of automatic vehicle identification technology and its potential application on Florida's turnpike summary report
Alternate Title:
Summary report : analysis of automatic vehicle identification (AVI) technology and its potential application on Florida's Turnpike
Physical Description:
19 p. : ill., maps ; 28 cm.
Language:
English
Creator:
University of South Florida -- Center for Urban Transportation Research
Florida -- Dept. of Transportation
University of South Florida -- Center for Urban Transportation Research
Publisher:
The Center
Place of Publication:
Tampa, Fla.
Publication Date:

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Toll roads -- Florida   ( lcsh )
Motor vehicles -- Automatic location systems   ( lcsh )
Florida Turnpike (Fla.)   ( lcsh )
Genre:
government publication (state, provincial, terriorial, dependent)   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available online.
Statement of Responsibility:
Center for Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida College of Engineering.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Summary of two technical memoranda prepared for the Florida Department of Transportation.
General Note:
Summary of two technical memoranda prepared for the Florida Department of Transportation, Office of Florida's Turnpike.
General Note:
"... Summary Report--Analysis of Automatic Vehicle Identification (AVI) Technology and its Potential Application on Florida's Turnpike ..."--P. 1.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
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University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 022082215
oclc - 25215944
usfldc doi - C01-00421
usfldc handle - c1.421
System ID:
SFS0032445:00001


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FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION Dea r Reader: The enclosed Sulll1rulry Repo rt -Ana l ysis of Automatic Vehi cle Identification (AVI) Technology and its Porent i a i Applicatio n on Florida s Thrnpike," -was prepare d for the F l orida Department of Transp ortation. Office o f Florida's by the CenteJ for Urban Transportati on ReseaJ _'Ch ( CUTR) at the Uoivecs.iL)' of South Florida. Thi.s report summ-arizes 1:\vO ce<::hnicaJ memoranda prepared a s pan of the proj ect. I invite you to rev iew this s umm a')' r eport, w hich iden t ifies the major relate d to the implementation of an AVI syStem and makes conclusions and recommendations concerning AVJ and its potenti a l implementation on Florida's Thrnpike. Respec t fully, )ames L. Ely Dire<:tor F l o rida s Turn pike

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TABLE OF CONTENTS I n trodu ction ... ... ... ... ....... .. .... ...... ... .... ... . ... .... ... . ... ...... ... ..... ............ ........ .... . .... .. ...... ....... .. 4 HistOf)' of Aut omatic Vehicle ldentification ....... . . ......... .... ........................ .. ..... ... ........... .. 1 A VI Technol ogy .............. .... .. ..... ..... .... .. ............ .... .... ... .... .. .... .... ... .... ... .... ....... ............. .. 5 A VI Applicati o ns ... ............ ............... .. .......... .. .... ... .. ... ..... .... . ..... ..... .. .... ..................... .... ..... 6 Flol'ida's Tul'npike .... ....... .............. .... ..... .. ..... .... .. .... .. .... ........ ..... .... ......... .......... . ....... ....... 7 A Vllo:lplemenration Issues ........ ......... .................................................................. ............ .. 8 Flor ida Turnpike PatrOn Sutv ey s ...... .. .. ............. .... .. .......... .. .... .... ............ ..... .......... .... .... 1 2 Costs Associated With A V I Implementation ...... .... .. .......... .. .... ......... ...... ... .... ........... .... ... 14 Benefits of A Vl .. ................................. .. .. .. .. ................ .. .......... .. .. ............................ ... ... ...... 15 Cos t Effectivene ss Analysis .... .......... ..... ... ...... ......... ... ...... ...... ........ ............... .... ....... ........ 16 Conclusions and Reconunendarions ..................... . .................................................. .. ... . 18

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4 INTRODUCTION A mommi c vehicle idemific at i o n (AVO i s ahe term appl it:d t o toll collec t i o n L e<:hniq u e s rh at l.mk )udy kk:n tify as t h e y p ; 1:;.s $pe <:ifk points. w i t hout r<:.-qu ir ing :Kt ion by lhe dtiver o r pore n 1 i al : lpplica Jion o n Florida's Turnpike. The p r o j ec t indud<."<.i three distincr but re hued p h ases : P h.-se I <'Ol'ISiSt<."<-1 o f a revi<:>w of stare o f the of AV1 t<.'"<.'hnology, including a survey o r v endo r s ;md operat ors o f AVl sys1cn1S to deter m i n e tt:X h n o l o g i es. syste m opemril). g and exa m p l es of appli<--ati o n s n ationwide The infonnati o n gat h e r e d in Ph:1S<.' I va s h::lse Ill i nvolved a n <--v alwuion o f t h e specific appl i c at i o n of AV( technology to f l orid::l'S Turnpike. The ind1.1de d a d et:tiled <:onsid<$nttion of iss ues re l:ttcd to the o f AVl I n :)dditio n the r es1.hs o f survey s COI 'IdU C it:d ;t n d revi e ' t."' l in Ph::t$e II w e r e u sed t o assess the m a r k et potentipcdfi<.: Costs 1 1:Ui< 'l industr y and incl u d e d specifi c in the rai l road shipping, and tn1cking industrit's. Thc.. se appJiGtl i Ofl S \Vere inte n d e d t O in the O f C : }rft O as it .;v:lS t ransporte d th e Unite d .; o r tO o the r More re<-'en t ly, inte r-est in AVI toll IIection a ppJ icar i o n s has b ecome \ vides p re.
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AVI TECHNOLOGY Automatic vehicle identification in the toll collection industry refers to techniq L ies chat uniquely identify vehic les as dle}' p ass specific points a long a facil i ty, lvithouc requ.iril'kS any a ction by the driver OJ a n observe r Conunon l O all AVI systems are three basic fun<:t ional elements: a vehicle -mounted transponder/tag, an adj a cenc reading device, and a masre r computer sysrem for the processing and s t orage of data. The AVI process is rel atively s i mple: informa tion d1at idencjfies a vehicle i s encoded onto the AS t he vehicle ptical syscem dlat employs a vehicle ta g s i mply a bar code deca l sticker. A l aser scans continuous l y over the area \vhere the tag is expected to be and d1e reflected s ignal i s processed to exc r a c c the code which uniquely identifies d1e vehicle blductive loop te<:hno!ogy uses a loop ant.enna hnbcdded bnC".Ath t h e surface o f the roadway, which communicates with a tag mounted on the of the ve hi cle The antenna sends out an i nterr o gntion signal and the "'8 resp0ds b y retuming a signal t hat is modul ated accord ing to the data sto red in the tag. ldontiflcation Toag ' . ' Reade r Radio frequency {:RF)/rnicrowave technology e rnp t oys micl'owave fJeq u encies t o uniqu ely identify vehicle s as t hey pass d 1rough a toll faci lity. The transpOnder contains a small intel'nal receiving amenna, an interna l transmi t ter, and soli d-stare e l ectronic ch-cuitr>' Surface acoustical wave (SAW) cechnology is similar to the RF in that it operates with a microwave f requency Hov.'ever, under t hi.s system, a low power radio frequency signa l from the AVl J'ea d el' is captured by t h e t ransponder ante nna, whic h energiz.es a lithlom cr y stal, s etting up
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6 AVI APPUCATIONS During t his study. n u m e rou s exist in g toll rood clp plications of AV[ wer e ide n tifie d and r e vie'\v ed, indudjng $A\"i/ te<:hnoiogy on t h e Cor o n ado O ridge in S : m Di<::gt\ Rf H.:<;hnology on the No1 1h Tolhvay and the Ne'v Otleans Crescent City Connecl ion optical t echno l ogy scvcw l florida < lJld o ther technol ogies :t<.:ross t h e U nited States Dallas North Bay Harbor AJso r enn....;yl v ania Turnpilublic H ighway in Denver the Orlando/Omngc County Expressway, :.o d r tumero u s oth e r.$. Turnpike Rieken backer Causeway Puerto Rico

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, FL ORIDA'S TIJRNPIKE Flo rida's eXiSt 'ing t u rnpike system i.n.cludes the r nainlioe, the Homest e a d Ex tens ion of flo rida s Turnpike (HEP'lj, and the Bee Line West expressway. The Turnpike' s 266-mile mainline Juns from Jmersrace 75 in Sumter County to d1e G o l den Glades exit in Dade County. Thi s secti o n of the Tur npike serves l o ng distance trips as >7.'en as commuter and bus in ess trips in t he densely-populated are-.s in the sou r heastetn l'egion of the s ta te and in the O r lando a rea. The HlifT i s a 47-mil e expr<'SSway ext e n d ing wes t from the mainline nea r the Dade/ B..oward County line south wa. rd to U S Highway I at Homestead. The HEFT se1ves the mpid ly developing Dade County aJ'ea west and SO \Jth wesc of Mia. mi. P.irutlly. t h e Bee L in e West, a n ea s e-west con nectoJ' in Orange County, extends from Ol'lando I nterna t ional Airport wesr\vard to Interstate 4 near Walt Di s ney W orld with a n inte.tUl.ediate interchange at Orlando-South o n the m.'inline of the 1\)ropike. Florida's T urn pike is im plementing a major progrrun of cap ita l lmprovemems to Wliii'!IIM tlotnmtllcl OtE.F T J --lltW.SI \ -' f) lf) tW--::::!!1 a ss ure a high q u ality of service for its patrons well into lhe nexL cent ury. This program includes wJdening of the m a inli ne, construct ion of new interchanges, im provement of exis tin g int erchanges) and conversion from a ticket system to a c o1n system o n the urban sections of tile n mpike I t is within tllis context rhar t he Florida D epa rt ment of Tr ansporta tion has cbo.se.n 1:0 investigate t he poteorta l of A VI on F1ol'id a's Tump ike 7

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8 AVI IMPJ.EMENTATION I S SUES CU TR :t wide r a nge of imple m e nt>vcver based o n i nformat i O t ) provided by vendo r s, v i sits to vari ouf; AVl f ttei lit ics, and d e t ailt..'<.i dis c u ss ions with recognized ind u stry experts, re l.n ivc compari..son s v ere m.:uJe. Seven major jssucs \vcre identifk.'d r eviewe d e offe .ed i ll orde r t o m a ):itni?. e parti c i pmiol\ sifiCe both :\VI usets atld non u se r s benefit f ro m the s y ste m finally. m;tny c o n t e n d t ha t AVI u sers should pay the tlorma 1 toiJ rat e since the nmvenience offered by the syst e m \viU p r o vid e enough i ncentiv e to partkipmc The o f a pre-p:-lym eot system vs. a post-pa y ment syste m was a l s o evalu a ted. It was det ermined {I pOSl-p::tyl\ l C n t syste m shonld not re<.-ei ve fun h e r con s i d e ratio n since th-e hurden o f coll ecting d e linqu ent a ccounts \V<>ul d be a n additio na l r e$pons ibility for the T\trnpikt: 11u.:.n;fo re, prcp:tyment sy$t<;nl i s high l y TCCOtlunend e d.

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fl.lethods of payment that s hould b e provided 1.mde r a pre-payment system include cash, check, credit card, and electro n ic f u nds t:.mn sfer. The credit etrd system w ould be idett) if the agreement were such t hat a u tomatic r e plenishmen t of an account woul d be perrni..o:sibJe. Accountability -The opel'ational and accounting functions of a toll fa ciHty wel'e reviewed, i'ncluding t h e processing of patron account infol'ntatio n tra c king of toll reven ue, g e n e r a ... tion of management and operational re ports, and safegu a rding of tolJ system assets The use of AVf t o improved accoun ting and operations as i t relates to t il e documentation o f those AVl t hat w ould orh.envise 1ake place under convention a l coil collectio n a rrangements. Legal Issues Leg a l iss ue s wen.: identified a.od re v'ie,ved a s part o f d \ e anal ys i s of t h e lmp lememation o f an AVI system Two ma jor iss ues '9.rere ide. n ti fied and t h e legality o f o ffering AVI under a discount toH -and Lhe l eg aHry o f enforciog vi o lati ons l hro\ agh t h e use o f photographic enf o rce ment. The use o f discount e d tolls may violate th e current bond indentu r e w it h respect to rnax hnizjng th e c o llec tion of teve n u es. If the Turnpike desires to give furd1e r considera tion to any d iscount toll strucnue, compliance w ith t h e T urnpike iodeottu-e will need to be established. Curl'eo t F l orida St a tutes indicat e tha t toll vi o lations must be enforced on-s ite (tfte r the violation b.o"ts been wit nessed For reason, l b e mai n deterrence tec.hniqtle been the use of gates on toll J anes. However to rea liz e the maximum benefit of AVI, gates s hould be e.llminated, necessitating the use o f active e nfo .rcernenc rne::a.sUJ:es. P hotographic enforcement i s a v iab l e al t ernative ; however, le gislatio n would need to b e introduced that ,..,ould perm i t ti cketing the owner of a vehicle by mail when a photograph i s taken of the vio lation and of the violator's lic ense plale. Ownership/Finance Options .. There are three m aj or ownership a r ron g ementS could be used in the impJcrne n ta tion of m AVI sysrem O.rl Florid a s Thrnpike. These indude the agency ownlog a n d operating th e syste m, a vendor owning and operating the system, a n d v a rious l ease agreemencs The advantages and disadvantages of each o f rhese options were ide ntified a n d re viewed as part of Technical Memorand um >'2 If d1e TUrnpike d ecides to implement an AVI system, Turnp.ike o fficials will need to fuJ'th e r revie'O'. the identi fied advantages and disadvantages in o rde r to make a n own ei'$h i p policy d e cis ion. Traffic Operations T raffic operations lViU change signi fica ntly with the inlp lelllenr ati o n of ao AVJ system Florida s Tum pike procedures w ith respect c o uaffic co.o rr o l (pavement markings, adequat e signing1 dtann.eliza tion) and tta ffi c mle s (speed lim its and passing a reas) w ill need to be r eevaluated and re vised as r\ec essary co saf ely and effici e ntly accommod(tte t h e use of AVI and to ensu re t h e safety of Turnpik e patro n s a n d toll collectors It. is [l

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1 0 mac hin e.$. : l tnkr(>proc esso rb ase d l a r lt'! controll e r that i s progl' a m mahle, < 1 plaza computer syste m and a h os t compute r sys t e m w it h f letwork capabilities. The T urnpike i s (urrently acquiring a computer system whi(:h '\vill b e < lbl e t o AV1. Dedicated vs. Mixe d Usc l..ancs A dedicated AVI la n e is one i n whic h a l a nnt: wilhin the con v e01ion :ll config urmiOI) t h a t would allo w :\VI users t o pass t hrough at speeds of 10 t o 1 5 m ile s per hour or ma}' be a hmc separated f rom the ( onvcntional p laz:1 c o nfig u rtn i o n that woul d accommodate speeds up 1 0 55 r n i tes per hou r (commonly known as a n express r \Vl lane) Altetnatively, a m i x e d -use lane i s o n e t hat < K c e p ts AVJ user s as w e ll a s conventiona l patron s who pay a collector o r use an a u t o m atic coin mach i ne PJaz.: l volume t hresholds for AVI -.v e r e est ablished b :lsed on. the capacity hy l : 1 n e ty)X!, the spee dca p acity re l ationship, and rea ::;onab l e levels of AVl p a l t i c i pat i O J ) The issue of \vhethe r t o emplo>: dedicated or lanes for AVl implementation is dcpe nd<.:nt upon three differen t Capacity by lane t ype avemge were for each type.:, induding manu::1\, autom :uic, mixed AVI, dedicated AVJ, and express AVI. lal'IC capacit ies rleed t o be establi s h e d t o assess the of various AVI <.onngu mtions AVERAGE CAPACIT Y TOL L PLAZA LANE T Y PES CAPACIT Y CVEH.ICl.E SIMOUAJ Tbe rC.!lationsWp o f SptX"tl t O capacit)' the <.:onsidemti o o < 1 f ela t i o n s h i p s and various level s of panicipati<>n i n AVl i n r<.garding the pot enti;JI for tOll p laza Jane f o r peak dir e c t iona l volumes o f 3,000 1 0 6 00 0 v ehkk:s per hour. The pos i tive r elationship b etween speed and cap;Ki ty \vas spectfi<:ally establ i s h e d 10 assi st in devising the optimal lane eonfigura U o n

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AVERAGE SPEED TOLL PLAZA LANE TYPES l .e cls of AVI participation -le-'el of patticlpatlon In an AVI program refers to tb.e portion of roll facility users that are assumed to participate h>the AVI system. This nssumpti o n is tan important f acto!' i1) sel ecling the opHmal lane configurati on P laza volu me thresho lds are prov i ded below Pla7.a Volunte Tittesholds AVIlmplcmcntation }1(:ak H o ur Peak Direction Initial Consideration for Mixed AVI 3,000 vehicles per hour Initial Consideration for Dedicated AVI S,OOO vehicles per hoor Ini t i a l Consider.uion fo. Expre$$ AVI 7,000 vehicles per hour 11

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12 FLORIDA 11JRNPIKE PATRON SURVEYS Sur.rcy IX:!i<.:arch js v:i hml>l e woJ for :tssessing and the petcep{ i o n s, auitudes, and character islirs of sck.'f t h e orn l int e r the mail-b:-\Ck s ul'vey a l so es t ablishe d other p a tron cham ctecistics :md pcr<:eptions Vehicle Type All s .. vey Locations Passenger Cer Are you a Florida Resident? A U Survey Locations No 6. 0 .. How many days/week do you t ravel on this facility? All SUrvey Locations

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toward the concept o f AVI. General percep t i o n 'he preferred operational characteistJcs associated w it h an AVI system. Two focus groups were assembled, one r epresenting commerci a l us e rs and one reptesemin,g priva l e c o nunuters, to develop a mote-detailed profHe of d\e characteri stics and perceptions of commercial and com m uter patrons. Both groups reacted posit i vely to the concept of A.VJ. CommerctaJ representatives indica te d the most impottant advantages t o be the ability to track vehicles and iJnproved acuoti.ng procedures The <.:Omm\lter representati ves also react e d positively b\lt were mucll more sensi tive t o the costs associated with participa ting in an AVJ system. Vehicle Occupancy All Survey Locations What is your t rip purpose? An Survey Locations Concluc;ions 111e user profile and perceived leve l of partic ipation detived from the survey rese-.u:ch indicate great rna. rket potentkt l for an AVl system at IJ\e selecced survey l ocations. However, the focus group results do indicate that many AVI characteristics are preferred ove r others. Therefore, the specific chara<:cel'lstics need co be analyzed dosely in otder to maximize the actual level of participation 13

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1 4 COSTS ASSOCIATED WITH AVJ. IMPLE!\1ENTA TIO N A rev iew o f o p e rating and ro:tinrc nanc e < :os t s associ;Hed w i t h the consm.1<:1ion :md o f varlo1. s t oll t a nc types i s s1. nun : u i z<..'<.l Cos t <. onsidemti O J l:> inclu<.k : C((l ipment cos by t ype. h:irlic re lati o n s Costs Associated wit h AVI Implementation Cos o f Equipment by Lane Type Manual $ 39,800 At.ttomati<.: $ 90,750 AVt s 33.9 75 Mixe d (AV I a n d m a n u al) s 56,050 Mixed (AVI and a u toma tic) $105 550 Computer HMdwa r c (<) r )figuralio n $ 111,425 Hosl C' .. o n figurat ion $324,730 Co mputer So{r '\vj.re Pla za So ftware $ 150 000 H o s t So t h va r c $500,000 Oper:1ting a n d cost per $ 81, 000 T ranspo n ders 534. 00 each Decal., (ba r code ) $ !.5 0 e ach

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BENEFITS OF A\'1 Numerous benefits of AVI were-identified and discussed in Tec hnica l Memorandum :fi 2. These benefi ts a r e summarize d b elow. IncreaCJe itt Patron Sadsfactioo. By offering patrons a n a ddit ional payment alternativ e that i s more convenient and reduces traveJ time, the Tump.ike can expect user satisfaction to improve. Additional Payment. Alternative An AVl system prov ides c oli p acrons w ith an addit i on:ll payment whi c h is more flex i ble a n d more conveni e nt for t h e paymen t of tolls. Jouel Savings -The
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1 6 COST EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS An ana ly:. i s was con.d ucced t o d e t ermine the o f the of AV1 :It l ht: p J : t za l cvt:l. Tamiami phl%a in D a d e County vas selcc tcd fo r t h e an::ll ysis. 'nle ana lys i s <'<)mpa r es two w it h l he "no-buil d' alternmi ve It t he o f impleme nting impnwcmcms w ith the road u se r b ene fi t s t h at wo\lld be r>eal i7.ed. The a nalysi s b e gins in 1991 a n d continues throltgh the y e::tr 2 0 15. T h e t.;vo improve ment <\lte m : u i ves con s i d e red indude: e Curren t Ff>OT plan (proposed cons tru c ti<>n) e CorlStruc t i o n phln including AVI (three scen a rios a r e con s ider e d cad t rcpre$e n t ing a d ifferem l evel of in t h e AVl -t O%, 30%, 50%) Beca use each impt ove ment ''hetn ati v e is desig n e d t o mainwin t h e FOO T qut: u ( : kngl h cri terion o f 300 fc:::c:::t, when <.:omp:m!tl L O the no-b uild ahe rmuive the est i mat e d r oad u ser benefits \ V i ll b e vittua ll y the same in each 'J11e tntc b<;:ncfit f r o m th e fact that :\V I vehicles m ;;1 processing t here fore in fewer toll l a nes 10 kmdl c g ro'{\.d1. T h e numhe l' o f l:mes re q u ire d u nder j s indic: :ned b elo,v. Total Nutnber of Toll PL"lZ."l lanes Under Each Improvement Alter.nathe (Including three AVI scenario alternatives) Cunenl 10% AVI 30% AVI 50 %AVJ Yea r fOOT P l a n P:-trticip;ui o n 1990 12 -----1 99 4 20 16 14 1 0 2005 22 1 8 J6 12 2015 26 22 18 I j ln o rde r to dr.nv fmm a cos t e f fec ti ve ness costs: b ene fi t s b e expressed i n curre m ye a r dolla r s To expr<..oss f uture c.o..-;ts bcne(h s iJ) year d oltatS. it iS lO \ tn d t;n;l:tnd t h e of v alu e. fll ,S'1\'1111, t he V ( \ h1e of :t $tu n due in the f uture i s the amount whkh. if i t o n to<.l;iy. w ould g rmv w it h interest (<> eqll< l l t h m EJ.. S i nce S tOO wuuld grow t o $121.6 7 h t 5 yetrtS m a 4 prJrcem inlens rate, $100 i s defined t o be tbe pre:;.,-em ( itll u e Q { $121 .67 due 5 years iu rbe jwun.

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This same concept is used t o cal culate d1e prese n t va lu e of costs and bene fits of each i mproveme .o.r a.J cern:niv so the a lt ernatives can be compa red. 1'his a nal ysis a lso uses -a four percent intere s t rate (excludes i nll atio n fa c tor). Once costs and benefits have been defined in cunent year dolla rs, the .indica tors of economic <:an be ca l cu J ated. The va lue of all benefits and COStS for each o f the improvement altemacives is pJOVlded bel o w The economic feas ibil ity indicators, benefit-cost ra ti o and net presel\[ v alue, c a n then be calcu lated for each alt e r native according to the fo llowing defini tions Benefit-Cost Ratio the present value of b enefits r ealized (r orn 1994 to 2015 d ivided by lhe pn:sent va lue of cost s over th i s same time period A proj ect a l ternati ve i s economl call)' j us tified when the benefit-<:ast ratio is greater than one since benefits exceed costs. Net Present Value (NPV) t h e pr.ese.o.r val ue of benefi ts r e:uize d from 1994 to 201 5 mintr s the present v ah.1e o f th e c osts over th i s same time period. I f t he NPV calcu lated for a glveJ ) a lte(t)ative is g reater than 2.ero, the a l ternati v e i s economica lly j u stified because beoefi.ts exceed cost s. Economic Feasibility Indicators (1) (2) (3) (4) BeJ)efits Costs Benefit/Cost Net P resent (present va l ue) (present va lue) Ratio Value (1)/(2 ) (1) (2) CUrrent F DOT Plan $51,000,0 0 0 $30,800 ,000 165 $20,200 ,00 0 10% AVI Pa.1icipation $51 0 0 0,000 $25,100,0 0 0 2 0 3 $25,900,000 30% AVI Particip ati o n $51,0 00,000 $22 ,2 00,000 2.29 $28,800,000 50% AVI Part i cipation $51 00 0,000 $16,600 000 3 0 7 $34 400,000 Based on the economic feasi bility indicatoJS, each o f the -al ternat i ves i s economically ju s t ified because b enefi ts a r e greater than cost s, resu.ltJng in benefit-cosc ratios greater than o n e and net present val ues grear:er th an zero It is apparem th.at the g reate r the AVI parl icipa tion rate, the grC.tter the pote n tial savings in fane construction and ope1 -ating/ mainl entl.nce oosts even with a minima l l'ate of p a rticipation such as 1 0 percent1 the AV1 a lterna t i ve is superior to the non-AVI a ltern ativ e I n me a bsence of AVI, more fanes a r e requ ired to mainta in the same leve1 of service 17

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18 CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Based on the pre."<.Hn g a n alysis, several conclu sions and tecommend:uions \Vel'e made a s a r est. llt or 1he and Jinpe<.:iftc. obj<.."dSting AV1 led l i m its and JY
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1 1. The n ext phase of A VI implemen ta tion should b e the d e velopment of a Request for Proposal for a c ocept desig n Th.is wo- 0 6 \0 llJ) l'. 19

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FLORIDA' S TURNPIKE F:o?\ "' r.bm $:r<('t Fo r more info r m ation c ontact: Florida Department of Transportation Office of Florida's Turnpike (904) 488 4671 Utn y K O Dell. D i rector of Planning CUTR Center for Urban Transportation Research Univ<.:rsity of South flo r ida. Tampa RCH and A ssociates B aton Roug<.:, 'Ibis publicali o t r was prQfiHC('-mployer.