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Fenianism and the Celtic Renaissance

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Title:
Fenianism and the Celtic Renaissance
Physical Description:
Book
Language:
English
Creator:
Thompson, Francis John ( Author, Primary )
Publisher:
New York University
Place of Publication:
New York
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:
1940

Notes

Summary:
The purpose of this research is to study the interrelation between the exponents of physical force and the literature produced in, or about, Ireland during the period between 1858 and 1916.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
usfldc doi - T20-00002
usfldc handle - t20.2
Classification:
System ID:
SFS0036143:00001

Full Text

PAGE 1

0 Pl'BR XVI '1' 0 LAB A OABL, 18'10.1918 In t preoedin.g o p er a A r1oan aapeota ot the Celtlo aanoe 41aooqaa 4, and it found poaa1ble oca pletel.J to aep ret b tr Pc1an1 b7 tooualng 't nt1m:a QP .1. In the p aent obapt:er be ra 1t1oatlona ot en1an1a 1!l the Unit 4 Stat a wtll b 1nwat1 ated.. 'l'h1a will attempte4 by d1Y1d1ng aubje t tt r 1n' partes t1r tber will be brief b1 at ory ot t Clan-sua-oe 1 fl"0111 it tarmat1on to 1911J a oond, tbe careen ot o D ovan Boaaa an4 Ja will b rla J and th11'd, the oonduot ot the Clan-naGa l tro 1910 to 1916 will be ell uaae4 .A.ooerdins o Jolm o Leal'J amd Jolm DeYoy, tba 1 Oeel oa lnto betn b tore 18'10. Spe lk1ng ot the or1 1n ot the group, the Brlt .._h a nt, lA Caron, t at1f1ed that ort inall7 lt 4 be n lmown the "Kntghta of the Inn r Oirole," an Irt rio n ar 11at S.On to 4 "towards the end or the alxtie 1. See pp. 8'1 .,_ '7'11

PAGE 2

7'12 oo 1ated1 1n tbe latter DWI101''titO. or tbe Br1 n Born in w York Otty, who 1n 1 ov r election er1ng lna l body; and by theee or t o pa o the slowly at flr tz . it had, 1n 1876, a b rehip exo ed1ng 1 11000, h1ch 1nolu4ed a at 1t din n tho or ux 4 r Sullivan, Jolm Dev07 Ot Tbo a 0 lar I.ubJ '1' .. rke J .J Yet n 1n the M n 1ea, 3 Ol.an-na -el ..-a aot1'f' 1n t Oat lpa 8 ue, n ot1at1on for a "treaty tw n t Rua81an Gov nt and t Re olut1ona or 1aat1on and 1n tba con 5 atruot1on r1n to wa t Br1ttab avy o11 4 ath or Jo O hoD 1n 1877, t nian 6 rot r o d Bo to euoc ed bim, but when 1t p r 1at d 1n it tto t to na or J '7 thor1ty, Roaaa 8 Step na to a poa1t1on ot au Aa a result, by 1879 , the bid aupt reed 4 1 t and Jo.bn Devoy a nt to att nd an I B c on t renee 1n I l.nd a 1 t r p aentat1ve, r port d tbat the upport ra of St pb.en w r a ilarl7 unauoceatul 1n an at tempt 8 to control t Ir1a h organ1zat1ont Thl'ee or the beat or n1aed ca\tnt1ea --Dubl Louth and extord ..... aeo de4 t r o the s o (Supreme Oouno11 or Bxeou ... 1 B L&Oar Twnt:.x:-P't v Years !..!!!. Storet Servioe, p .lo7. 2 Ibid. ,p., 120. !iep. S e PP 5. IeOaro .!2!.!!. pp. 141. 6. ae P a '7. Un 1 d he Iria h w Departure, Ir1 h orld,. Nov. 9 18'781p 6 B LeCaron, .22 2.11, P 147

PAGE 3

77& Dey IOU t t ., altu tlon by r or 1s1ng tbe mov n 1 but a Ootob r, I h t tep .oh ot t rbh ol tlo .-, Brot ood" 8 t1ll exut 4 in Dubl In 1881, s I R B 1 t pi. be oppoa1t1on ot the Sup Oouno11 ot polioy. At el ad it t t t Jo De OJ' a lrl h a ton t ott to 1al or an ot 5 t Olan 1. , and auba14laed wltb it t\m4a. ong the cCllltr utor \o this p r1o41o 1 ., wb71 oDonn 11 D Y0711 T 1 Tho ohiet a alat nt W1111a: 9 or be 110 ao olar, Jo lt would ae t t 'd}rna t polio)"' p\lt n end to h1a paper. At 7 rate, De'f a tr1 4 ot J'obn 0' Lear,, who e boat 1111sy o b o b a tollowaz ben toba4 by Yeats 7 a 9 n o b ot 1 p rty and ot n r tbe 1r aona pJ'eao 4 a aaaln t1on n4 b b 1 worst of all. the jority ot b1a oount n t'ollo 4 an r oonatlt t lon 1 poll 22,29 note. 195

PAGE 4

'1'14 oppor un1 Yertbflea # 1n ap1 or h1. oppoalticm to tbe "d1nalll1t policy" 1 2 I>e o r ain 1n o l 1 3 otD an Ro w ex 1 1882 whlch r 0 h en ext t t, lt ot 0 r. t 1n letter r o 1 d l88'7 and 1888, d tn.t tbe t be an4 o roolclftl.l.a.. w 1n lt le 4erah1pJ e pula1 ot R04taa ot the Cla. na a. l, b t tt al d 41 -sen 1 In the ...Ua 414 not oo to he d until 5 t ot Dr. Patr10k Benr.r Oron1n 1n 1889 Tbe leadeJ-a or the 41aa -ra. t tt.t tl re Jobn Dev07 o "DJnaDlite 6 7 Dillon. wbo bl up tbe Oal'ltCI\ Club on em trip to gland

PAGE 5

7'76 and ot wb 4 (J 0 t h1m then, 4 xplo CCWl ald, You a 1 a Oorme, we w1ll t on ..S.th 1t.' And how h pt hla word I later 4 rln tbe B r not 4 1n t t bolt Clan into ac-1 a t w t ln a bero1o t m.pt to deatr01 Welland OanalJ lAd tor tttt ,.. w a ah\lt up 1n 1 1eh Jail 1D 0 au oe 4 t food ppl7 ot Eql1ab. a 1n outh Atr1oa uld been or1ppled.l In 1896 while la1t1ng tbe United Statee on be lt Ud Oonn tt. p ed to al t apl1t. Although Alexander Sull1 n, 1 ader 4 ot on n dead tor a 7 r etrort :re un ceeatulJ and w n abe laited loa a 1n, 6 1n t wta r ot 199 89,, 1t under the au pioe ot " II tr h eat known Roo ounta1n11 O' r n "who ... d to n 1ther ot1on ot t Olant but want d to help Ir laDd." e rt lea a, 1n 1901, when e v1a1ted a tb1l'd t .. aud Oorm 1. e. s. 6. 6. '1. a. 801 .. o1. S21-' ra tor the 5

PAGE 6

77 Ill 1901-t t ift o 8 t .. '1' 01 bet be epllt had t 1ntlue " 1n t 3 to e tbe M 1 a4 t al un-' o lp to the Boere. ttl an ll-18h r1 n wm 4 U ha 1 D lt 10h. .. d wlth be Olan .na n 0 17 br h t tto ot p., e4t

PAGE 7

'777 B-la wOl'k t P Ge. e Uo ottlo 1n other word Aal t n Editor.l rloan ac lnted Olark w1th older 2 Pen na ..... .uoh a Q 1coa 1o rd. o Sul11 u ;3 and oDonova o a d 'Z at a leotuJ' on r p 1t 1 v 1 4 b1 to t tbe po tle or 11'1 h Lib rty, t 1 tt r v1a1t 4 York la 1 04 to rala one7 tor h1a 6 At an1 ra h report 4 oh 51 1904 AM Dour co 1ler ot a -v ltlable b1bl1og:rap tlon to Y at at rk with an ln .In aide an n Y ata patrlo ... addreaa g n York ny n t1 l 0 u.pO n C tb8 ght b rth loo Sng up. v ) than any t 1noe." -=;;...=.;;:..= prlor to h1 r um \o U.lllrtd 1n l 071 bla bJ.o p r wr To t 4 la ue note a. L Patrlok DeYOy waa lnte t d 1n euc 1 nlln actlv1 lu t ot tbe execution 9 or ot t 4 ath ot Peter 0 111 9. Un 187'7 ,p.S J 2.

PAGE 8

778 l Or owl J J d, ot co e._ ---=--2 1nt at. 1 in 1.908 e1, whloh pu lated 8 be a alled Oo at1t 1anal ft'-.-nt" t Jo Re o through O.el;o 1'1 4 can dor d t 17 t inn 1n rtJ 'l'h1r t:M 5 d1t or ot ......,;;,;;;.;;;;;...,. ...,;;;;;;,;,;;........,......, o po rlt1ah rlal1 and thoug t t d1aocnt t 6 oultl ted. Pour th, 1 :e t rat1 1 1 lty to t VOJ 8 1 thou Jt. c:r ' lc to Ire 1n 'Gll a 1s up b ot the t a 1 to count raot Devoy, hoet 111tr t In ed, v ent ot t trn1 St.at into t 1917 d not change the att1tud or .....o;;,; .... 1 ... 1...,o A!erlc n towal'd Sbm in Brltlah peri 11 or r1tS..h ro alty and aubaequentl 1t ba1ttred t 111 "by Poat at r n ral Burleaon on 10 1ne truct lone. l. Pe 411 Cork, 2 3 .. x s '1 Jun 15, 18'18, p. e. s. 9. 10.

PAGE 9

7"79 0 t tu4 t ot lr1 h u tu. la 7 anotbar t ot l)e ' kwh oh at ent1o oUM!lg latbe e tootat pa ot r1.qe nl au o:r)4, Ga >1.1 rio an ult 1 t oa t do away w1th t into antl1ot wit t 1 Ph,. a when tM latt r ought to 3 o4u '1' p ,.... ........................ S!lA 1n YGI'k on o r 881 1911. Lady G a oom n1 be pl yer to tm lt <1 St ao The 1\lOOea with W Oh Olan tb1 ra bad at=:;..=:=!.,;.' !S! ltlte and t proc!u.o 4 b7 be Ru 11 play, In4 4, t tho Who 0 0 t ., Roo a '"1 nd or 1 e. 3. a quite the ot w.s. Yeat wrot to

PAGE 10

All h h att lnt p ca e ot pb:J to toouaatd pon 1 0 '790 Yen ug t t t t bl1o1tJ 1o a a Jaat t d1 o e1on ot the a tl.,1t1 ot tbt ad o ll'1 Unit d a a tentlon been a ian ot 1, Ye. t dot r !,ana DOW lJA Ocanol : 1e with blob tbe n .. e or O 'Doclo been aaaoo1at 4, des 1n t Ua1 4 t wr1tt n 1n CO!\ll! otlan 'With tbe l.t 7 b net d. t tb A 1D labo per pe, o 1 Snfl t;1 1 n th ln I 1 Aa. 1y a 18'1 n to print la 3 col ot In 18'17 1t o' Donovan Roaaa be'' 4 0 ubl!D an allk and 1n f'a or ot a tb1r part7 ... " l4bor erib ok or ln4u.atr1al erg u tlon." 6 oppo Th1 e. coura h opinion ot Patok crd 6 b u tly, Worl pub lithe d. poGr enbaok letter P &. T V P Il'iab orld, 18'7'7, p.s.

PAGE 11

'781 1 2 tr T.V. Powd rly, 0\tt standing maJDDer tba ltn1 t a ot labor. 3 It hail 4 E r on a a eoolal r t r and a r ot 1t ataft wrot Again, in a o r toon labor waa depict d Oull1v r and tbe ene 1e ot labor a L1111put1ane who d bow1d Mm. Y t a 1n an art1ol on Walt 6 t n 1n t waa no ed. P1nall7, orcl' a paper ar d that Iriah r1oan pol1t1o1ana wbo w r aott-. D ocrat or R public a, could not P 1ana 1n an art1ol tru t d it r by labor or the ED CTORY SET'r EBT OF lABOR QUE :T IOB'7 In t tollowtng y ra Irian orld'a oont1nue4 1nt t 1n the 8 un4 rpr1vile 4 may be ee n 1n it support ot Henl"f George But 9 by 189:5, although q 1te with Davitt, 1t pol1oy had o:t.n 4 to auoh an ext nt that 1t publlabed an ani le ent1tl d 10 Soo1 1D wbioh Kar l rx was attacked. oDonovan'Roeea oo, had rown a y t 11 hie arlier oc1al1at 1 an In 1894 wa at la t allo d to return to Irelan4. In June be v1 1ted 1n Oork Later, two otlltr 13 F n1ana, leba l Oua ole and Jobn Sarat1 ld 0 sey, too h to 1. sa. s 4. 6. e .. .,.,_ e. 1 1893, p "' orld, Janu-

PAGE 12

tel ot t fa 1 .. f 1 ot 0 1n J c 1 1. lo, 11 12 '1 t J In be v1 t oc s Ol aM tbt P PP P 1 8 h u 1'7 Cla 1n Cal r1oa ln P 2 5 ft

PAGE 13

'793 1 08 .. k 1n lr la 1n .lnd la 19 the 1 k17 4 t Teetilaon1al in e olla.ot ln be au ott t r 7 ar be tal'J ot t Cork Oount7 Oouno1l to b.e 1ndl tlon tbe lah .......... ;;;;;;;;,;;,;;; ................................. Oiiiiiiiii__........,...,.. p r Oft 1n UOilG.Gill a qu rter ot a 141a 'l who utt th1a b tblra 7 apolo 1 4 tor ble u te e.s t aa11 tor 4 ttb. "bl wU an4 u t t ot 1906 ra. O*D OY 0 o 10k tor A r1oa t t be al 4 1n e wlth Mr. 1110 o 111 h t 41a wh1oh o lea llloa.IIW11 ado untll btl de tb. I "1n hla laet 11 that r to Dev07 and, p ta1Ii O'Br to Ire 5 '7. s. sh t ettorta ot 'lioolQ' oun 8 Jun 29 1916 nd h1a body waa t n

PAGE 14

'784 1 lt to a aoolat o w1 h 11be la bor tn t llnln ,. J Oonnoll _-_OYaft B .. aouftnlr" 1n 0 article en titl 4 h l 1 n A onouJta otDonovan Roaea. Ocnnoll.J eola 41 eanot lt7 ot t J ll 0 ollJ reactJ a s lallat J a e.n e'J!).dio 11 -n1e1 iJe to e r1oa 1D lJOS 1 to ba o t A 1'1 hla 1a 11et Lebott arty. In thl conn t1_ ; 1 1 Snte to r d the article em S1J141 al1 J an r a1m1lar o-r 1 1 be noted at tb1 po1nt tW.t tb8re la a not wor b;J parallel

PAGE 15

'786 t ntb1 o 'bor P rty and tha 8lnn p 11o or e at1n a 1n 1aD4 taeS.de the a 11 ot t ol1t1oal t whtoll l'ned t tldnat 1-. Il1 W 1 w 14 De Leon qur 4 ,1th Oonnoll 2 and r tu. d to p lnt the letter contr1but1on to b1 pa r J:n n'J v t 1 waa tn t a year t t OGIUlolly bee an aot1 lS genie r tor t ID4u Wor r of the Worl4, wbioh bad en tou l It b n a roup tba OarmollJ le 4 bla .o un1 a aact b o t.ng SA One B 4 Union For 1n u 1'1i1ole ntitlM. o ld be in B lea" later wrot r X.bcur In the And 1n t artt.o le Oonnolly attl'ibuted the or1g 1n ot t thetlc I 6 it w t t t cbn1que ot 7 oouri Wb.l h bee known a "Larkinia 1n Irelmd. o 1 r after t to tlon ot tbl I .w.w. Connolly indlc ted bta perl t nt 11'1 h nat1ona11a w n be b oa int ated 1 s.

PAGE 16

t 0 ol17 4 ht aper ould t t r n 11 Ir1-rt n to d lar 41 OQ t _lr bl .,. ought o exp 1Jtd1 _11m 0 t y ti lb roppe4 t And t1 b1. p pt d blJa t 0 pr 4 h publio t1 .. and later OOJirme.lled _.....,. .. to o Ire1 ndt P 16

PAGE 17

78'1 ot he oolal1 r 7 tau 4 and t.ctu 4 1n 4 t n aoo p 4 an 0\U' 1n In Oonnoll71a sube qu nt oa r 1t1 l land oan luardly be an Irlah ric ao lvltJ and ao t 41 oua 1 n 1t ill t parar117 41 o lt ., not that ln ltl t ott I.w.w.,. t rlkeJta t t 11 D. ( bUn l'tl' 8 111) sa Dublln aru1, tM or -1z "* s _oct, apok :ln tavor ft 1 d to boo t .r. p 114 Tba 0 a about e4 t pa oular att ill 1on will now b 1te o ct1on wlth c rtaln IJ-1ah attalre both to and att r t or !ta L. !! t t be ar. a tt lon '1 be toou s 4 T 0 lark l'10tl I lt1V a o the YnJ: d St&t

PAGE 18

7 8 d 1' oan be In 1905, C rice bl4 a t alised lt1aen ot be Uni ed te 1 t: hia OOilt1nue4 aaaoo1at1on wt h t 01 -naS.elt 3 el k pt hie a 1on oted tonl'd I lAlnd. 1' 1. e 5. t1 re As a on to no a In 190'7 a ntat1 ot t I laat at w 0 _1"-cteol4 4 to r tum to hU told bia _.......,. ..... ...,.., P 89. ...,..iir....,iooiiiiii......,,_.1 PP 1 169, 78.

PAGE 19

V ot oapa'bl or llD!rMJ:"'' l !89 o eotlo Gaelio len ow ale ot w1t ot U Deor ote to ...... to I tn.bll1tJ ept ita IJ\Tlt tlon to att b7 :t bl1 autobS. 1 10na., .1t 0 ., t p 8 atlon. 141 lr1 h pc. T1alt t t 7 Y' "' 0 ubt 1 lrtua11J d '1 final 1aaue ot tlon ol 0 l with De-roy'. to w t ext nt 4 tor 1D h1 p Jett pa sin at ot a Yia1 a th1 lndebtedn wb1 h arra 1t b halt oa1led ber ot t 0 1. Unt d. A H1 tatty ot nlanl _ .......... 1. e. Une1Ste T Unlt 4 Irlah Soc1etle; Ir1ah Pr ODh July 1 1911, p lJ e p 3 J De'fOJ ,_ Outlook, lb1 1 P 6. 4. z. DeToJ, n.col]Aot1on .21: !!llri h a, .. 1# P 392. Apri 1, 1911.

PAGE 20

790 pe lo or 100 p rt t llah Gove dly aa dr 1 th1e t wr al'Cl r. X land ... a ot :ny lnt l.l ct 4 1a. d o portunlt7 of br1bins h1 to turn tbe 1 n1o ot hie COWl On 11 now s.nol1n d 1t 1t Mr. Y a 1 aooepted tlw brl: 1 t,. ounoual:J. Y tat YlaU; partt..ll:t the nlt ot w1tb4ranl ot 1ubel4J wh1oh tbe A'b t bad ft 2 0 1'9lng t'ri Ul llah n. 1aa ' Bo t pla r bad 4eo on a ou-r of t ft.S.t 4 y d 0 11! p hT 1n 01 1911 w1th Bt. two-aot pl-.7 'b7 '1. o 'l'i-7J .J!!. !.._ Olen b7 7Jl J and Lladl' Q F7' a !f c lnth l!lt to produ e S art.ng trau.bl 1 he 0 -PD7 had not attempt d ' Plazb!?z ire co any a .ated fhil.a4 lpb1a on the :p a a pla7 on w eeda,-, Janual"J 17th,l9l.l.a And, Yeat not of a Y -pe.-toJIDUloe ot h1.e playt It 1a ne r tl 4 'befo an7 Ir1ah aud1eno tor t tlrat t without aCJ thin or other b _in tlung at tbe pleJ re. In ew York a currant c and a watch flung, the own r or wetoh ola 1ng 1t at tbe at age door afterward '1' a t ok whioh cle on t play ba al 6 ad7 b ntion 4. In Janual'f, l91a, Ir1eh F __ ......,.. lt ou t the jou 1 ot the GlanaeOe 1,. publ1ahe4 an article 1. 2 s.

PAGE 21

791 which or1t lo1 7 tor 1Jaitatln Ye a 1n bl r d te e pl 1 1n Un1tc1 ta In addition, it aecua 4 bal' ot 41 "prding tbe Men e ot tbfte at A rl. n Gaello X.a ra t t Douglaa 1174 d1aappro d the 1 Pl zboz and ( .anot-.r -ra1al pl"f) Purtber rto to den7 tbat tla wa con-n et ion bet we n h A,..b y aDd the Ue League, and it deplo d La .dy G ao17 'e v tu.l pltt1 tor rep l7 to t be tele in an 1nte w wh1 h p red 1 t w Yor SUJI be.o ue r '-' --VJ lt 41tt1oult tor e11o ra o llaot .,. f.be artiol oo 1 b7 exp aon. who rted t bat the A 7 bad n r suoe 2 4 in portrar-lng the Ir1 h p .. he l' Dattgla -HJd Jqd to d 1 conn ction between t eUc Le an 1r not o ott 4 a t1 r-y tb 0 na-Ga 1 wh1oh w1 4 to know wbetbtr t e at1on or an lr1ah Republlc t n D glae ft74e d rle Bllly Croe 1n1 a pro lnen Iriab-. l'lO __ pr- H7de tor hie attltu4l to a Republ10, repl1 41 tet u do the and 111 1 the r t to 7ou ' 'rbat waa accepted b7 tM ClAn aattatactor7.3 !' Olena-Ga 1 bad a 1m11ar lnto at 1n tbe Cia 11c and, accordingly, Jobn Devoy a d T Clark to 1nt r-1. c. .., ndt, s. P. ao r eQ, Playa, a. L. 1A

PAGE 22

792 bat O.elic Oiiiiiiiiiii....,.iiiiioiiiiin-. jua 1t1e4 1n cona14er1ng tbe 0. 11o League u a po tal 80\JrO of 'folut1on1ate a b4t n 1ncU.reotly an a S.Cle "on the wo o t t:be Oae11c Le whl h t Irl rl n we td.y :r rs.nt d 11, 108Sa ny ot ua u .porta n t 41t1on bu tak n. o pl'QQ4 ot it other of t Ill'. el 4 er tew wo J'da. Aa I s a nt to tb Olan-naH. P ar Bulmer H obson and 1r Ro r Oas-nt 7b not 4. P.B. PeaN P rhapa 1t 1a 1noorwot '0 gard p a rae an en..-oy ot tbe I.R. Bia pr 17-rea on tor vla1t1ng rloa a to eelleot .oney to r U ve bta o ol or the btdgeta!"J 41ttloult1e wb1oh it was expeot.ed to oe 1n the 191:5-1914 aeea1ona. 1. s. t before 1 a'Ylng Ir land, P ..... bad appealed \o TtJm Olarke to lp arr nge a oture tour 1n tbe United Sta1ieet

PAGE 23

Olar d rl t D l to bel alao. It 1ng w1t h DalJ untll after '793 'l'bereto 1 1n vt ot t taot h bad lntroduct1ons ad 2 s s t Olar D .17 obaon, who a a regular oontr1 tor to ........ at hl t Peara 7 rd 4 as an nY
PAGE 24

Oa Hb t 1. tion 1 ' wld.le 1 7 tlaa. h de t al o en on' t p t " 1 h 11t 1'17 ln t t I .a. .. nt baa abe n in f whO

PAGE 25

a oan tro Oaa 795 Dl't!lme 0 0 11 or t t f o:r the 0. 1 I. B atT1 d wlth 1n w ell tbe latt r ou 11 d prop ln W aah1ngton r ooo r t1on with Y1A 4 t Oe n a m nt would tbe 1n4 p nd no ot -under blte lon 1 guar.nt Tbi_ latt r of H baon'a 7 b noted a a le t co tant 1nteroGUJ"'a en he I.R.s a 4 t Olal I gularl7 tended 1 0 1011l8 0 at tua ot t pbJa1 al toroe or 1 .. t1on Sn Ire ltr14. lk Oaa est nt an en f11 ot ibe n 191-t, Por, 1 hough auoh nlan obta as Jolm Daly and T Clarke h not approved ot tbe a 1aa1on Re4mond1te to the $ cut1ve 0 1tt e ot Irlah Volunte Ol.aJ" according o De., did not blam Oaa nt a 1 e 4. T Clark 4 wr1tt n putting the ohlet bla tor tbe 8\lrrender r HObaan. Bobam,. who t n Dublin correspond nt ot tbe Gaelic rio an, d 1t t n tor public t1on an artlol deten4ln -tli exp ot the aurP 0

PAGE 26

796 nd r, and pr1t 1 ter into tbat o 1ng to A rto o oolle t 1\tnda tor the ra. While 0 r1o ill 1 1 -r br a1nd r ott phy leal tore eve nt 1n t 1Jn1ted tat w1U be ..-d with t period trom tlat 191 a obar oterb 4 4 rtu. lianc Ir 4 .. Ir1a 1 1' t 1 tor it Doo w1 h be o 1De4 wlsd ot loon an4 Solon" had g 1.' ar1n' Itt later. an1n to 4 4r1Dk 'who e .r t ght t ed by t h1 new 4 p&rtu 1n 0 neot1on w h lt e n ot Caua.nt, 1t aent to a. ny, Jo h flunket 4 oth ra eerte 1o Ro r Oaae nt in rica n be nt to r1oa 1n 19lA 1 Oaa nt, wbo, lik Pearse, 2 r, pro'babl7 oona1ct red hlJdelt a a nvoy or the Irt b. Volun r rather than t I ... s. Pr t to t1on ot t Volunt d b n aot1 e r o 1t1na for tbe n w or1. s. Leal1 !..... Ir1ah 168. 2. P '7

PAGE 27

'1 7 n1B 1ol'l. In Dec with P aree an otn to t end ot -1918, . bad 1a1t Gal in o nJ 1 o Ul to ealc lta lt, and be e auae 1n Co In Janua 1 acco }ani b7 p I' dre a 4 1n d hile t I' bad atop at t I h Dllq. Tb n 1n h, w1th Tho a oDona be d held t1 1n 11 JU17 017 to t brmoh or tbe Iriah tlo 1 Volunt w a Caae nt 1at d with Vo te t t be nonr.moua 1o p r of A at Sn ntb 4lt1 t be On J 17 , 1914, Oaae n a 4 tor w to a n t n t Irlah Vol; t r d1at 1,. upon h1a rr Yal 1n w York t Oa nt g in touch w1 th J o a Deor wbo had on h11l a a aub or1ber d oontr1but or to quit t aerv1o ot t Br1t1 h 9 Gov r nt to a ttle dwn 1n Irelmd. Ot hie later r oolleotiona 1. Anon. 2. 5. P 179

PAGE 28

'19 .S. tul.4" art1 -'Iii--' p o be r a

PAGE 29

79 L!k 1 e a tar Olan Ga 1 a om e41 the war oh n 1n 1914 lt h 41t 4or o n t e luti ana D tor ol. 4 to ut111& Oe e "S.cea t Rog r 0 ln ot be 01 -Ge 1 de atlll not a t1a1'1 ds 7 O nt tt tor m 7 la 1n Spt .ab r but bet ore .. '1.

PAGE 30

a t 1 meJIIbera lria r. ' o not

PAGE 31

801 Aa1de tr b1e t1nano1al aid, O lan-naOeel wae able to 1n who d Penlan nt wtth a R Oathollo o p th a and a ot ano 1n r Ol\11tt d a lao. altbough 1t w to auppq h1 wlth Ir1aht r1o n otf1o r," 1 abl to tu 1ah w .lth an ez,. r1t1ah .o.o. w e1th o Ordln.n n.p. n 7 ve r 121 191' olla4 1nto t I B. T 1e waa 1 nt 1n the hla Vol t r aotlv1t1 on o. ontel h bad b n nt to ew Yor by be I. .B. and t c n 4 d to .................. _..!! ...,...,..:.;:;.;;:;:...-.. lob w re. t Oaa lth bare a plan tt1r lan4J.na Oe aoool'ding to hla book, Oaa 8 nt 111 Octo r. 1t' h him 9 gwll 1n . laD4. b 11, 191 Cbt lth tt Oe a w1th Oaae11en 10 and tbe 1nt r, lley, 1D a au r1ne. ewa bat the t bad en landed 1n I lmd r ac d 0 oll:r at h1 beadquart re 1n Dub-lin em April 22, 1918 1. a. a. e. '7. a. 9. 10. n4book, p 129.

PAGE 32

8 thl Oaa nt .... s ont 1th oa d al bough I o trial. '1' b equent ta ot Oaa nt but 1 t 7 be M t 11 o rial De ;000 t .. 1oh J o.eph Plunkett 4 other wo o who n ah ... aa 1 ..-pJ!O r lo ph Pl tt ... o orutollr. 4 o e1 h, Pl e u 4 York a oppm otr plaoe en h Il'e 4 to rlin e t bad o to Je York Sn 15 n rout to ep lal tlon 1n b halt ot the R volutldna .. ell, t em arrlal ber detain 4 at Bll1e Ieland be d ol glandular tuberoul la. Jobn Devoy wa able to procure perm1 alan tott 7 1ft tor two ont to do 11 ra17 work. tt to land tt

PAGE 33

803 l 2 a d1at1n 1 d p t and bad be n an e d1tor ot .........,.;;;;;;;,;;;;;;; It rbap on hie ocount that Padra1o Col ente!'ta1ned 3 whil Plunk tt waa 1n rieaJ or, pe lt a b oauee, 4 like P are and eDon h, Plunk tt w: a a r ot the I.R.B 6 It y alao r e4 t, too, a poet anc1 had con '1' t 1t y was oquaint d w1th Jo ph Plu t betor '7 4 that he 1n Geraan.y &tr1ng t ar. In ocnn ot1on wlth Joeeph Plunk t o rta1n ot ra, ber ot the Plunkett tamlly are noteworth7. l:l1a tatba.r, CleOl'g oble 8 9 PlUDkett, 11kew1 p t end d1tol' who bad thar1n w n be publ1 d r t 1rat b ot r and d hoe 107alty o P m ll wr 1 aoe 1. 2 3. 5. s ?. e. T r la on or tboae o etoo4 b7 him tor 1thoa a .otion I bave alwa71 bad the ateat a t1on, and tt.t 1a 00\Ultl Plun k tt. Count Pl tt 1 d to wt.t on lgllt call t otfiolal 0athol1oa ot Dubllll. i.t an be waa on ot thoee tru ted 0 thol1c u n who repre ente4 t beat and at orthodox Oatbolio t 11n ot Dublin. He bad ent -rta1n d the Papel Leg t -. Ill 1gnor era1oo, w n o to !Atblin, He a Papal Y t oa t to etett b7 P .a-rnell, at whoee lAnd I.e OY nt )te bad 1 4 aa o j and bo wlth t t ot ua t obloquJ unjust o d at ion; t wr yet bav 1 tt their 1r 1n tbe aoul.ll 18 CCNnt t ha4 o rtam lnfl e at and n bad 13 e tot Holy Fat r. rtlwl pp. 358. P 128.

PAGE 34

804 wit a 1n ew Y 1n aid ot tbe Oetholio Ohureb 1n rio a tor t can is tl Ol1Yer P t. belong d to be aa 1 b noh of t 17. '1'h1 011 i" Plunkett d ar 1p! 4 s 1n Aa ult ot !tal 011 r 1\Ulbtt and 1. 1 atr1lc1n to reo tut J epll to b ,put to 4eath tor abl1lar e rl)' 1n b 17 1918, whlle Jo ph lunketta other ne 1n w Yo in tort o 1ut1on 011 r Pl.unDt J'obn voy reoet d a I tor Apr11 bou about th plAn t r wY bat a 1a1ng pllnned t lo ph Pbul4 1nt' t l"1a1ns. lnol din 1ne-truot1ona tor tbe d to a nd. a

PAGE 35

801 OJ'd 'P1onn, wol'd p 41' 1 0 I c to ot l Pionn, 1 na and hi dog r t1r t nd gaft rn1ng. Tbe a1 1 t 1allna' .... \l e lt a IU lln .,. n aow--t bad aolmowle4 d reoetpt or P1unke ta a O.voy ntl'Uat 4 t reply to ber. o bl n xt 4eaerY a tt lona r tor L1 and deli in tull,-, ake4 when r t ot No Ccmnol'-7, daught r J Oon-4 " a nt1on in oorm ot1on wU1h be pro-German policy t : Ol el. Prlor to t 1ntereat d. h1 elf 1n tb labor to t1cm be liable. A t Yo1'k late r De o.e r a a to ba Ye n nd lft4e 4; when Ja a s lilA, Devoy to\Ul4 won 1D t at t !tude b san o c age 4 aooor T Clark da Oo ano rk1 -.toz 6 and J a Conn 111' 41 p to OJ'e Oo olly tr Ir land with 6 '1 ... hill. Wh11 in New Yot'k atJa 4 with Padra1c and 1. Devoy 1 Reoolleotlona ot an Re l PP 459-'60 2-. Ib14 c -z 8. 4.. Deoy Jm. ott.,, P S s. OonnOily, ol'tralt of Rebel pp. 209. 6. Ibld. pp. 2l -. . "' PP 216 -

PAGE 36

8 0 ra, Ool a t In41 Pial rs ot 1 14. at wh1 h X. p olpal l8a 41 tru te Lar lna Jttu 0 ellh the B J1) otW. 1 On the bel' 4, told how Devoy took r iD 117 ala aoon rtld.n he fOl" tn nS..nl lnt Unl ed ... ,. toll c1 t f, l.luN t 41atr ',. 1 .1ab hi obi ts I do not Al.th ugh t nte war 1n 1V16 eu o n 1 7 be added t t10be Oh r lc r 1Dg in DU lln tly to rhapa not e.-n en led It ul que tlon at t1o1al ett o r i although an do would oonoS.l t t t ha Vnlt 4 tat a would n. 8 e-r .. b What lnDIIDa'r'l ot tlw ext t ot 0 1 I ritlee tor which obapt r bat w111 be ew P atd nt, w1th trona and a tor.mid r1oa p.'7.

PAGE 37

SOT! bl 11t ent A aptt&U nS.Oe, r 4led t w YGJ'k.l poet, Joro Jt1 S.tns. l4 And tbe w14ow Clll po dt pr e41:ng Ir1ah J*S.t1 t Snap 1ra 1Qil in Aooor4l 17 et p a1o al to bool, found ore tlni ted S a 1n l'e&t BJ-U aln Pr ot J,oa d o be b1eto T Clan el t--roth t -Jolm o ta 1m lta ao ot r ocl, but ter t t q 1 pana-. two on o t OUI -... ot auoua 1n the 0 htlor to -be 4eath ot lea pa tboe of t;bt 1t b to t\lpplant he oU r a oa h1a aJ"rlnl 1n w Yo 1ft 16'71. In 18'79 he a 1. s. nt to ita r preaentatt Then he undl'toQk to 4.1t tot JD 1te pol1o7 ot

PAGE 38

t t 0 att la t .. llt. _.., .. .._.... ',...1liWI ., )jljMift&J'l.7 blltOl'J 1e 0 ot ia io P

PAGE 39

llo 4 to r i)urn to lrelAind 1n 189,, R a ot a aoe1al1 t t n n two deoad bid no 1 t bla ta1t ln pbJ 1c lat 1eh la a In uo In 1$10 t ete g he t an o 1e .. Ole e found tb t d Roa a hlh 0 h1a ot an earlier da'J 1D Caw1t1 Oou.nll but be be 111 w1 b a 41 t11 hl U.tb.. It ae o U to l rS.Oll u ear 41 Sn a e to l land r to IOC1al1 ta 7 Ja tenac1ou ban t ot hf.a Olen a s-1. 1n r to A r1 1n 0 4 ne r loa h1a 1 wh1ob J 1 o olly Wl'Ote tan pr1no1ple .lly. lded QD41 11 tel Leon, 4, at r they ClQ lea ra ot tbt In ra tor ob. a I' 1 It 1a to I. 0 olly aaorl d hie tal h 1n the p 0 1oab111 1 t 1a1 1nduatr1al inat ad ot ; 0 ara t er he be an o work tor the I . Oormolly 0 1n t Ir1ah Soc lal1at ed ration and under-took to edlt 1t p r, 1': !!!tR .. bla brought

PAGE 40

810 oou ao wit tt lr 11 c 0 I Upp11e t war 1n 101'1 d th orlt1 1 ot t n ot1m w1 h tr1 dly t 11 0 .. 1 0 ).. , 11k d 1810 tor tore be 1 1 lJ' tl l ott Iriah bour 1n ...... ............... 0 J)Q lin two can the 9:l,th -.tom. of t 0 D t 4 rana Up h1 an1a1, Olar 111 l.R " and to cl aft4wa 11 owot 1t1ng htt or en1an1 r1odloala. Bothw peo1a1 "" -Both W N e, a.lt tbe e n cr nt 1a

PAGE 41

8'11 h1 att1 t I 1 d Olan ne Gael pi' bly e:t.dlz 4 .......,...,... 2!!SE 11 .;;;;,;;;,;;;;,;;;;;,;;;;.;;;. ;o,;;--.;;ioOiiioiij,;,;;;;;. '!be h he l. tbl Olan ... lao wh1 h l tt r rDU.u.. Ptr1ok plea. 0 t.' t t and Cl l\ tor h1e 10 Ola J -11ely S. ot 0 l ., tbe ot 1' v .Att r be ot 1 I r wear ate we T be pu 1:11 oau EY n ng 0 .-na... el." env07 ot tbt '0 ... .-,., tJ CJU.t 1 4 4. p nNt'ftA'Ji'Ad tO'r by in 1n th& l ll Joae Plunk tt O onnoll.J' and ot lJI 1n41 t 1 t b1a n lzt1ab

PAGE 42

812 Oaa u 1 n a pr 1D D N rult in a nt tor Iriah Volunteers b to h1a 4e ure tor ra 1n 191,, h 1Yed Sn Yor be " n thlnk ot o1n 0 db n .lared, Oaa nt d with h11 Xuno .,.r, tor publ1o 1o of a "t oaae tor a nII'1ah lllane A n 1p, 41a tohlag Oa to rUn ita lao aa atlv I Irlah, bat ala o to reo tn Ilt1 ri o ral t.lp for the --.s 'be lrS.. h r rip and ot 1". To p h1a, Oatholl c plain an4 aa T t lt oa.n ttoer. ll tt a u JJI\IIHI'Y I ont 1 h, for t h1 c ptu n tot 1a t Olan 1 ltood b7 _ooo o lp paJ to the ot hi trial. L1k 0 a nt, J p belan4 'o a. aey. Plake u e41to tt oppe4 1n n York en rout a 41tlngQ11b d poet, whO Oaae nt Pad 1o Co r1 1t ta.S.ly which 4 ott n co into co111a1on with tbe gllah 0(We nt. The Ble 4 011 v r Plunkett., bad b n ged 1n London in 1681 char a ot haY plotted w1 h t ench to a nd an exp dit 1ona tcrc to Ireland, 1 ed to tbe 1 a br.ncb ot tbe fa l7. Joa ph Pl.unke .tt' tat r,. who a a lao a poet and d1tor bad b n a Pam llite and h1a a let r, Philo n 41 ey betw n t

PAGE 43

u 1 c to Oe ., Clar s n 0 J 0 1' leun be 0 0 rd lobD De 7 to her o ono Sl.S n 1 o he r 1tic t1 be Irllh p t Br1ta1n and tt. Un.l 4 1 be not d t en1tna 1n lhliiol ,. ora O 0117 not n r le 4 htr tatblr, abe eta,-. wlth Ill ll aougbt to. oe not 41pla_yed 1 0 tD.t 1D to pr.o ding o p r about twe 1 e an4 1918-1t '1 put qu1etua on 1; t t1nbe4 a e., utter._ hoo4 4 .. ot be b.D 1'1 t the aat r We pr la . t1o ot 1816, f1 lJ.v 4, 1n A rlo end e ot tt. J .. 01ark # 4 taken t Vnlt tla cup ot ot t m \U' ,be 4 t.aaokgro a o1t1 n epite of bit . r lfa 8ta a l

PAGE 44

0 J"l'BR XVII JOBB 0 t IEARY IA ISM D '1' HE 0 I1t' IO RKNA ISSA 0 1892-1907 The concluding cbaptel'la or tbe prea nt r a arch will be 4 voted to the rel tione 'b twen Pen1ani and the Oelt1o rena1a-aance 1n I land t-ro 1892 to 1916. And it y be ncted at the out et that aft r 1900 the 0 lt1o renalaa nee ott n described as tbe Ir1ah Ire land move nt The moat a1gn1t1o ant eapeot ot Pen1aniam during the period under oona 1derat1oa waa a new eohn1que which waa a natural outgrowth of tbi New Departure. Tbia it 1 be rem bere4, waa tbe collaboat1on ot the pb.Jaloal toroe party w1th tbe moral 1 uaa1on1sta 1n the Land Leagu The n w t ohn1que ws a method ot penetrating various Ir1ah organ1z tiona 1n ord r to or1 nt them toward the day ben Irelan6 would aeek 1nde n4enoe by 1 force. The gxoou:pa 1ch w re 1nt1ltrat d by the Fen1ana uaually had the revival or nt ot ao particular 1 ment ot Ir1 h 111'e tor their announo d obj ct1 v And P .a. 01Beprty, who jo1nd the I .R.B. 1n 1903 and wa a mber ot 1t a Sus:r Council trom 1908 until h1 arrest 1n ugu t, 1914, spla1ned the organuation'a methOd aa tollowaa It d mb rs evel'71fbere. it t nt olea nt into everything, lt 1nta1rwd toot1n 1n v ry organ1atton an4 ov nt 1rl Ireland which could be supported without do1ng 1. See pp 2 -29,. 8l.4

PAGE 45

t olnl e aa not o 1 tOt' e I a a oolding o a. Olar wbiob o P1 d 1a d1at t 00 1 t ot t t t t t at r 1Ql4 it t hS.a r. 2 1 th8 p loal fol'O ng t w1th1n8 all b lie r ln aT ll 190'1, the rr' 41at at ot the adv ab1l1tJ ot at

PAGE 46

n U u l' 1 0 c lln t t 16 a 1 l J -(b) ail. Jo 0 lD 1 aa. t at T n 4lca1 t on 1 ,,. o .,,. ..S.ll n t ou t b 4 8

PAGE 47

xlle Du.bl . 3 b p 1 t 0 p t t t 1n 1 J h1e 1

PAGE 48

It t 1t. IrJ.4e OQQJ:u;eG t ane e1 ter1 'I p ri 1n or.. r,a or UWIIJIP'Ii-I bj t iah

PAGE 49

And, t\1 t P' 4J but alao n wb.lob hie l 1 '1. a. l' 819 n 1 tnt t 1n not 7lnt bio p t J ot 2 tbt lat er 'b7 D,J 0 t a t !j. E!!Sl.!.!. l -t.. bJ.a o t; o e of the he Oeltl 1 ., and t; ello "'d. S.t 7 te hie 1n41ttere oren 11'1th legu Although ft ot' to hb 1 '1 or..arr to 0 n d or be r Y1'Val. On th1 8 wlll potp d. Y ats w 14 ba 1

PAGE 50

1 t,., p ....... AiMil:iQ!Iiili..-P e ...,;;;a;;;e :.::rJ::::41:.U:t P 192 ot t;o -

PAGE 51

S.lta t pgbllc t o Rooney Alto 821 1 In d 1t1o n s lll1gan and Ann Jol'ln ton (Bthna 0 rbery), bo t er ot tbo r ntet1 e tor Ulst r t Bu Council ot w1th t lt n t too ba lbut tbe 11 s 11 t 4 o $ e .,. d 8 o., 10. 12 1& l -G 0 15_. J. 1 D lV O D 18. Ou Oa 088 at 6 0 1f0 ft to 1 t Jo t 0 1' t 4 ot Tbe .!9l:" v bt, Roan y oontSnucl 6 nd ot nna John ton ., 1 SJte H04!ma7 1 -a 1 4 with 9 Hop :r, Roon 10 L1 l J d .hi ) and. 0 tr1bu_ o w 1 .. 01n 1'1 18 I.Ohael Gua Q S.c ollJ .,. c. trtw o t l2 &r1tt1tb 1''7 p e1a-22o. 16 111 1v. odal,

PAGE 52

1 1 4 a a 0 1tt1 '1 ., I - t l . thia t J o rr 1'1 Vi Ol",_. t a ud oorme 8 on n c . - 1 I P 1

PAGE 53

A.tt r p for vtn 4 nar tl 1n 823 con ... out ba c e ot tho out d t lnsurl'" cct1 of l Y ta e ont 1 unt' S.lur 11 h1_ lld Gonn peak or our 4 go un-'' t o onnoll o rr 1n prooe 1 a cot tin w1 th r lab 1t pollc ob tight h1p1 d t 1aa. t that tbe pol1c 1 not oaptve J in o Lift y I ad 1n the crning p pr that v n wo e old wo kill d b7 baton blowa . a

PAGE 54

1nl I I 0 0 17 n o. r"', aaeocS.t

PAGE 55

s 1 1l

PAGE 56

hla ouat A tltth ello a ( 0 1 ( H S. ent o h1a 1. 3. e .,, e ... B ) e g 1 1" 1 10 at 1 hi' 0 7 0 t I 1a 'I .) ot a ' 0 nt 8 p oint a he the nt l' or Jt1dc tlJ att J' ott al o le tiona altM1 ................ to perw 3

PAGE 57

lead sa hlp ot t .Lea II t ti 1n t OOQ '1'7 I to all it to as an n1 1onat 'b11n _.'rWW'I .. '".411us t to lte f ntl Cl pet i D111-u1v. 2! L. Qu en. P aaa.

PAGE 58

t h11 ortt1o 1 YIUII.IILI.t win belP e Of 1n 9 lin OOJ.IIDI:rAOJ .. t 1 e t t o t1 on t Irlh rka a Q t l 1 n t 1'708 tS. d b7 l o ph Hollo-ort ar go 1n I land 1 !!! Phob o1Jt p. 7.

PAGE 59

l -A o "* rl -at .. 1 8 9 e. And. or re PvuU l.lo . v ... 198, A It 1 1n Aot" by z. hi tbread, wh1ob na fir t pa-o4 in 189 1 nctedt a Wb1 bre 4 al.ao wrot 1o 1 DwJ r a play lte T Henry Jor oOJ"ack !l1 1a Stl. And Kollouy r p o t d ot "The Old 4 A tlo Irln 1..5 A.ot blob t1rat pro duo d 1n 1 1A t B p1.,-I tull or atirr:lng 1no14enta. J tb ad. ott p le or 100 pountta for t beat tga plaf and tbla p1eoe an ed prl Anot r pla7 "The Wear1n' ot or. n, co oea a 1n rio a par a ot Irel eel bntloa." llow 7 u .. lie 11llg n, P oh ln ooDne t 1on with t be 1 98 :n unpubl1ahed play b7 e be tor eo 1no r na1bl be 1d not lno lud Baal in t -oategOJ'1 ., Slnoe 1t 1 pro&loed 19081 Cathle gg,11han "! b en 11 lbl tar t prlott l'ecl bJ Whitbread, but the play undel11&bly dalt w1th t 1n 1'798 be t 1tl role, ot 8 oour had be n wrltt n tor au4 Gtlule and St p n Qwrnn ot 9 t P J'tl' aqde irr d b7 lt that see.

PAGE 60

t t b la7 ., 1. QwJnn1 lrl pt t bll 0 olt 1:7. tl .,, b1 ot Jlc _. but M t ga t to tlon or no oSwin 7 s d. ' l"'he4 to-e. tbe'J to 4 a

PAGE 61

1 l to p j J h

PAGE 62

t n 1 ) l; ( lA e 1 >. I t I 4 J 0 hll wit< b 11 41 ...,..r.;;,;; .--iioiiiili:i.-.;;;;::;&;i,iili..-PP o r 10.1 1p.. 18831 P

PAGE 63

t or olt Ton ... o t n 11 h Jud onument or ston J ln Dublin Oourt Houe e lley s nt oed h1m tor lit n he till 1n through very ato and tr1t And at r-ae nte n w ary yeara, tr out a 11v1ng 11, co a am an ua onee sn, h1 'prison l1t to t u l y ar alter the , 9 oent ary waa on 1n wh1oh the Ir1ah L1 r r, Tbeat re eatabl1 h d. It r war b an. J'olm o err and t en lana r 1nte at 4 in all tl:re pbeno na and eo a t w aid about e aob. Tba Ir1 h Llteraq 'r tre Tbe orl a ot t Ir1h lit r r1 t at mOYem nt y be touDd 1n Vnlt d Stat a En 1 d and Ireland. It t1rst result a he ll'1ah L1t. r ry al o be ea1d. t 1899-1901, or which a t must Origins ot the Ir1ah Llteraey Theater Move nt So tar r1oa 1 oonoemed, 1gn.a ot lr1 h again at the at a Ir1a n have already ve au atlona tor doln a '1 with b1m I whloh appeaN4 1n Pa rlok Pord' paper. One ot tbe1e au st1ona, 1t 1 be re r d, the formation of an Ir1ah drama auoh aa the Ir1ah l1terarJ t nt a to to ter. pp 1'18-180.

PAGE 64

A 18'7 lgn a alnet a a tor,. ugwat Or ln view ot tblllr lnt olv bl that lr 1 t ao l'l 0 or1 ln r1 opinion. a-, at the a 0 ' p at er o n1nt lt a ida 1n ric s = one r Cll ot th art ire, 1 ot plaJ, elll haeeU, wl11oh blSn ao la alao con or Moo lao lnde t to Ir1a t 1t not1oed 1t r ita lad d ouol lt. s.ntlu no a 1n 1 82 t .-::ill;.;;a. n detend 4 b1m w n a plq or Bouc1oault: t a 0 5 ., aava o1 1 'boJOatt and ev1ot 4" tr. Lande t Dt 1 881 I t 11 a A o ot lt ed taa howllng a Oe1t1o a 1 an4 pril 20, 1879, P lz1 h W!1 Deo mber SO 18761 P a

PAGE 65

1 ,Sn.-wott o at ka ft4 to tl1ns ble 117 14 belS..t ln tbe ot be &1 Ute 1'7 ot ol l 11 1 lon. j 1 tter t 111ft ot ooa a ella ot

PAGE 66

r tteo t er 1901, r obvo 1"1 1 OQr ol la a w r ba 0 n be 1a n t ol4a r 1n t Ir1ah 1n Yea't 0 na "A to t 4ea .............. urtMd 1n t w aoe ot Dion ll'1 Orot on o r r1t1o, 0 t, a or oioault t lnt abt_ b1b11o pbloal 1t n lndi.J t To cllneh ln Ride! point t 1 s s ' prlnted ion to P 2

PAGE 67

837 1 'l'bu tbe loch.. t 1oa ot t en1an t Bouo loa ul t, r ta orpho e b7 t I h l1terary t ater thing r1oh and atr Tbat tbe bitO which nt 1nto aome tavor d ahould hav autf red a a 1lar ohaD 1a not aurpl'1a1Bg. It yber t t t ot fir1ah -.--.. .............. object to the dlal ot ot the "eta Ir1 n *Xl4 that Patrick 8 Ford ral .. d a1m1lar obJeot1ona. 1' rhapa 1uoh n wou.l.d baft preterr 4 Ir1ah pla,-c-lght to ua onl the Ir1ah tongu and lwnoe lt wOQld b wc:rth lmowln their opinion ot An r4 Qua An o wh1oh 4 .-... __,........ ....... --oa prod lD ew York 1n 1884. t any r1te 1n 189:5 a cor-respond nt ot Irlab .orl4 found oh o pra1ae 1n Jane Barlow t a handllns ot the brogue and 1n 1901 !a 0.9Afl h1ch had been .. 6 atall"te4 in 1881 to v1ve 'be Irlab approved ot the Anslo-Ir1h dial o Ot coura t tr1b paid to S tor bla u.a ot the rolcen tongue" a 11-lmcnmJ but a an ple the following ad itt In tbe ult, and that 1a all that ter we baT< a s-ch truat 11 apt tor ey 4 pUt upon 1t tor cbarac ter and b au 71 1nat nt to-r dra t1o XPJ!8111on ao tiNt that 1t y b at ce eoat tio and pla1ntlve, y rle into .u den det oe or a1nk to a plaue1ble whin y turn 1n a nt fro eaey volub11 1 t y to sharpe t tear. 7 It ls 1r e1ttblA to oo p re th1a wl h Georg rurd Sbew* n de la tlon abCI.lt the Ir1 b (pres bl7 tbe Anglo.-Irleh) lmguag 1n 18971 1. 2. e 5,

PAGE 68

IJ'1 t ot t 0 10 ent 5 a. 9. 10. z.. .. 1n t t a ) 4 tou & 1nib at h t plaJ to it Dubltn, t t 1' r .. bet t ra to n Snap 4 by ttw t tl7 ( Yeat ( ) 1at10D t 1 or 4 l Yeat -, t t 6 Opel' c qu '7 ocre r to o.. 9 ot

PAGE 69

1th 1 . e. 7. e t r pr uo a of esi t 11 ll t tt an ta with a1o t Patlok X.d a all 1 0 lb: Jobn o 0 G B l'l" t C) d t1o I 1 reS l't
PAGE 70

0 t leo Ir1e Id. r '. to atu t -bep 1 t ..,, out rt in rtlm. Gr 1 h 1h Liter P7 reno hi h p J't1oular lnte at to t Iriah L1' rar,r T et l4 tJ t.r.t, Yea a 4 bUn poll olut10naf7J n4, Ge et 1 e. At t t t hl Un1 1at ne1gbbora b ue ot h1

PAGE 71

tor be t o r b7 at c 8 t1 Ont Per p 841 1 r J'Yl' tlo ll Weete4 oor tt, a a1at d b Yea bo v1a1t1ng La47 Gr goey 1 ooll Tbe ""'iioi ....... iiiiiOiiliil. par ry lJ'bh politic "" oo ar ot 1t a exlatenoe t ll'ia Literary O.t pertloular lnt r at to Fenians !.!!!!!:!. a one ot pla'J 'b7 Allo 1ll1gan II" 71' SJ i tt, oote. t-trn, bo hated the play, r sente4. t ot Y a b4 144:7 Gregory wldoh had ne oea .1t te4 1. s. &.

PAGE 72

oll. o Lite J!1 b1 alol j t 1t t t r 1 4 10 ,ooo 1)CII[U1C!ll8 l t f : ,, ,.. t IJ!S.h l p 01 '" 0 117 ot n 1a1 P t r t proo blla Cboh' 4 1 DKJ-vat 4ra1, e wlth h1a 1 llt to o or rt ' ., '' 4 4 bt,a P a 0 t 11 llh Lite J!"1 not cml7 t a1ao bet D ... ot tbl t t 1 d top t lt-111 n

PAGE 73

h n11atl in mto 1 Dr ... .Ka!I;LG Wb h o ua n 1t J'1n11 0 lle JO&MlDll 0 o bow I 1t Dl-1 n b1 0 ID bar Ob1 t md'a 1 0 ttee bor 11 a Peniane 1 0 ltt B o 1'7 lty tol4 bow 4 ..,. tbe aro lao em the police

PAGE 74

In a nt Be stord fbo a a 'bing of people all bout1nsa 'Up the J9 Up the R p\lbUol t Oonnol:ly a 1d to Get Oi Le to put the reeo lut ion. W u not 11kely to oh t 1 ' o lAarJ 1 loo 1 ry happy"'' J' ,. h1a g : y ard blowing 1n tbe 1nd,_ 11 illeranle figure tbe people When he t 11 no he a1dr. getting t ta en to a pol to pl 4 all 1 and ading the resolut lone and <1 J t tlnl 4 Yben tb pol arr1ve4 t apelcera re tat ion. 'lheJ r d1a ely relt a a d and at COlUlolly' a 1 ticm th a drove tJo Tr1nit7 Ooll ge. Their arr1Y l t d d b7 o r f:or be Boer "and blg crowd gat red rotut4 t The no and t ohe r1n.s t ba e aone14e-rably ma\'Te4 41gn11'1 prooe ding. w1th1n the Oollege ad _de Obam _rl.aln dOU abou the lov n4 lo,'altl' or tb Irish nation ot c1oh be bet.ng aa ure4. Then the pol1ce relntoro nta arr1Y d 4 there re b ton barges and charges ot \Ulted polio 2 J s Jt:l'fC T t d gr e 4141 Ino a colleot ion ot t be ac n 1a recorded b7 polill n be da7 Joe Cba rla1n na glven hie in Tr1nlty he ot a run tor hi money. )rfy word be clattering aft rue down Abbe7 atre t. P" a e ot d to c11v into llaJm1ng1a or I 4 Be 414 c a llop by Oeor iU.et haYe or o 4 elalll the c b atone I oughtnt to hive got myaelt a pt along with thoe dloala. And the 'trinity j1ba 1n their ort rboar4 Looktng tor troubl Still l got to know t t you.n Dlaon who d as d that at1ng for me 1n tbe r. Po11C e wh1tl 1n JA1 r at 111. All skedaddled. be t1xed on G1 1n o!ulr 1. .. a. a. Ibl4.,

PAGE 75

a 5 .up -'ft.. o be rs tor De t l e' 11 ben J Oba berlaln OD. a OUJ!*ppl tre Silly b1111e a ob or Jcun cuba yelling t 1r gut a out w 7 are t lt ot the gls-trat 4 o1v11 rvanta.l l o a ought o tor t tbe aoen but em night a vo1oe called at 2 himr "Tlu'nooat Up the B rei Who booed Joe 0 rlain'" '!'ban tei'rlf71n vial ion a pea rod to bbu T carriage wh.ioh bore Kaud Gonn J Oormolly1 Artb.lr Gr1tt1 th and John o' r.. ventually "was tore 4 out ot College Connolly propos t t t y att t to aeise Dublin Oa tl 1 h w a un arid b t Kaud Oonne tum d the auggest1on down* Thou i1 t t Connoll.J w llttl known ou.t 1de the labour o nt, l bad abaolut cont1 nc 1n blm, but the people with w a I wa wor 1ng l'dly knew him and d1atru ted all o1allata. tiR cru 1 Sn Oa ar d and I hl4 plana tor a rUl18 dJ!IOYe Otteary baok . tired but t lt1edJ w d be ld e hid oons1denbly d1 tur d laral 1 Dttblln loyal to t te 160-161. .en, PP SOl-308

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whloh t1
PAGE 77

by .r 0 ..,. 0 Xn be 81 at1 19001 T tt ot bl V1 t r wit a 1 6 t pa t 1a the n 1 land tn J.oto u 1 be in '1 18 It ot 0 p 1 the .,;;;;;:::..::;;,;:;;;,; ......... ., J -'1!7 11 ,19'7 p 6 29 "'

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Un t1 b 8 a 1n 1 t t ., 1t to ln at ts a .. tb 1D iatin tt, ta r 1n o1 a 0 ... tl In h1n d ct. 1

PAGE 79

1Z' 11n 41e ts. t c 1 with not tc.md d 17 to 2 -..... that 1 tira taa 1 be a ttr t 41 ue WOl:aea1a t lntlu at 3. p t w.a. '' o 1 drittlrl 1 p lo 1 to part er t or I 18 and t tbe 1 w1th oa 1 Sbe oalle4 1t er ot part1o1panta r oo t Snirlg ay, J.eh P a July 1, _ ... a.. PP 332-333

PAGE 80

0 or M anl lty 41apl.qe4 lila V1ot01"11a 1.11 he p pran4S.al conve_.-2 4 h h bor.Q an Ir1 h p Ut1o 1 exil, wbo -.. -"' b1 tat r nat1 11 t ther t l4 t thln8 1 tar I v r1Clla & 1 .tab B B n PATRICE 4 o. lt btl_ with t '1'r a l 0 0 11 d to b d lnto plots w1th til to Jl la 6 ort 4. In ad-

PAGE 81

1t1 d al 1o. Jt 1 l t 0 1 4 0 a14e t h t 0 ., J p 000 bout T h to ot hle pGhJ' 0
PAGE 82

4 t hla ot it; : 0 1D. f17 1 8 old lU1 1 168. w. lt9-l51.

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t 1U 111 1ohl ..

PAGE 84

f a I 8 f 1 I oh ltl t 'b to au 0 1 14 t' 4 J o n, I J. .u. 0 :ua, OtD 11, 3

PAGE 85

6 o ten Pilot 0 ti Ol'181n of Un t n ok o 0 lt1o Lite J!1 Soc1et7. 2 a bly befo went to s-ou b Atr1oa 1n 1896 abe he two n ohietly p aibl to-r 1t c p me to 111uatr te a L otur oc1 y, and X Thl oul4 light t oplni, ot Afr'tbur ,.the l1neal 4eeo nd t ot a Oh tbat Un1t Jou l pu 11 d toun& 4 d
PAGE 86

111 ., or !\' "' .... 1\JDIUIJ.. ot :lN ...,lV r o i a t pe'P OJUt1 h tt a I oda"

PAGE 87

1 1a 1e o e-rlbe t Ro,al vl 1 lD 1900 oh r It " at a JU. o peoulate, loa with 14 41t Utl h ot oo r1 p t r h1a 11tt ant 1o '

PAGE 88

a ot tal 11 ot 11 in b 1 Egllnt crt 4 111ng a01:m.et 1 with a 0 ath, a 4 r 4: 'li a 11 4oean't exia a d lt w ., aVe Yt 111'7 ot J 4 ot b1a 41al o a1on r la t j 1n t t "t ther t

PAGE 89

I '!. eplrl lob w1Un all. Dultln p eSmilar t n tl. t tt h1 oplft1 gc and ot 1 40l.tble ta I And b1a u. J 1'1 bep t1al eet u 4 8 0 Ute. opln 1a 11 4J.tter allo R oontrl tea-a o Un!tts! 'X 1a I ol 8, PP S291-299.f.J 2 8? -.;;.;;;;::.,..-.

PAGE 90

" % ta anoth ot ... u note tl t ta.-1blt 0 Uf 1n wbioh be 11 ted t :111 J ph 0 2 lo ." 4 an l7 a 1ples ot wbo too o es ret lt S.. al 1ft. ant to t x.c pt1on, , Ull4 I' bl Satluenoe ot o, oumot 1

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1 8 1 ... 'b t r

PAGE 92

l Y D 1

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ap 1' t t 0 t .. -01 1 pla

PAGE 94

s. 0 4 be)' PlaJ

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with f Ai'tblJt A 7 1ft a 1na T GIU'flth' 0 1e t r1ou1l7 otJ t p t k to 01 In 'hie Vlot 1a,. 1n 17, tl Ja,oee ot 1t 41 4 wl h nne p 1n let h1a 1 tNI

PAGE 96

J J O Jl ....... _t 11 11 t ltrlll::I"V r, t p t 1 a o t atlo 1---.. a det1n1t 1 oa o ed s 1all7 Irlah B r - S.play p

PAGE 97

s a 9

PAGE 98

a p r ll a v 1 0 at I foWl s lety U04:mltY I J a 0 nt tar h ltt tbe II in o wo part 1.n be tlrat -s.oSol 1nw --in Jo with to 1t be o ltlo lU -ot.lon wi h

PAGE 99

c 1 Uo 1 B. t-e I4on 1 J _ T. oll 1e t H0111Dtl7, 3 1t1e nota 4 j bil ti t ot t d. Ol.uba tat I R _B. of thU r1 1 1. OfD av Roe a, 111 ftUIIIIall. ll 3oim4 1 7 4a eU be 8 tp aY 41 l a C oll.J' 11 tbllir au In oonn t l!GHitln v m' u.-., .. o 1'. who re "Jnt. 411 o ta pa r1wa p ot .... omme to J d W.B Yea ., .. ' t Unt.t d 11 lob. beo hto

PAGE 100

x. I t 1 11 le 1 1 0 1 0 7 lt ., A l t. 0 ot I l 1 11th Irlab L1 r&rr w1 il 1 11"1 Ll t 0

PAGE 101

8'11 T' 0 0 11 pL awl 4 t t t r t tl r. lS. t p ,u 1t, Yet lJalr ltt1th, lll l 1 Irs. '1' r It in t 1a 0 bUn !nprtb I e R s. 1t 17 4 JbJd l D 1t

PAGE 102

' J

PAGE 103

In lll 1n 3 1.ft r wl

PAGE 104

C PT XVIII '1' THE, 1900 W1 th th notabl exoept1 td the Ir1eh Agr1oul tural Or 1eat1on SooietJt wh1 will reoeive paelng tt. t1on 1n the 1 suillg 41aouaa1 ot Ir1ah 1abol', 1t a cvate to aa7 that the I .R. had le a 1ntl1lenO lJl th Abbq '1'h tl' th. 1n an7 popula.t-1t7 of th lltara17 theat r 1oh began 1n England at't r the pteo4uct1on ot Iba 1n London in 18891 a duplicated. 1n Acoo.NlnglJ 1t ttl'ao t tho e the bor1n r. w1tbS.n t olmique. And alDo tb Abb 7 The tre a1 to beo the oat o 1 brated a peot ot the l1terar7 theat r o v nt 1n :tr 1 41 1t er1te attenti.on in a one14er t1on th re1 tiona bet n1ani and the Oelt1 rena1a ce. Fr th tore olng r 1 t wUl b n that the AbbeJ Th atr s not an isolated phen fh:llln Ireland 4 theret'or / the p.r aent chapter baa b n d1V1de4 into t o p ta. In the tlrat will be d1 cus e4 th Irilh 11ter81'7 the t r mo t which waa independent of the gl.'oup w1 tb which tbe n a Y t 1 Spg 1 aoc1ate4. And 1n the eo d 874

PAGE 105

b p t oh Xrlah dl'lllllll_ t1 po libUl publt by h1 BXJn-aJ hta t1 1 trnl 1l ot :s. 875 u u b dil 0 e11o .wuagat ., t; d a 11 eSAterat1 t to 'play to b ll' t lli de Olu b1 a t o 2.111:1! ESDI PP 181 183 ...w ..... _. P "'

PAGE 106

b 87 6 1 1 ot tM a .ot1. 0 ol.l 1D 11 t c u 4 u ., t t th pt. 1, P aoo. P 1S

PAGE 107

b7 tour o a tr A c 1 877 0 111 h 40 Gl a 111 Joaeph re nt. On ot 4 sol'ib lt 1n th on 1 .. .... -1'4 t 8 being

PAGE 108

& '7. a o I t 878 ll c il ert 111 oll t epoa1 OJ WU fOt.UIHit G lJl l.Sn JD I n o t a 11 a.,_. lon 4 oclat 0 Ut at 1 9 4 H1 OD U I 10 uo

PAGE 109

879 .,. 1. t. l, p eo, a 3 1. s 2

PAGE 110

880 O is' In 9'1 t t1 1. in 1t t 14 0 on etoll t 6 U1 .,. 0 ., lli t o h 1 0

PAGE 111

881 a (1 U) ( ) In 1 p t t at t c 1a 1n t 1 Y,t s. Op --v ..,.;JIUII.ulv 'l'c:Y111':l.DJZ COII..,O' to IP1 r 6 a ' t a 1 4. I (1908 ,. 001 t to

PAGE 112

the 1 a 10 0 882

PAGE 113

p b. plq1D3A at. 2 1 Abb 1 s. a. &. e .,. 8 th Pt the

PAGE 114

l A 7 r 8 er, All _!, whic h o ght tbe attention or w ,B. Yeata, waa perto 4. Y a ln a 1 otu.n Rab1n4ranath Tagore, M4 spoken ot r. !a e 'a ol tot-ln41an boJ ltbe ID41m St, En4a' A ot interested b7 this, lilt at 4 bat abOuld go to Yeat and a a h111 wbet r h1a Theatre ld not do tnlng to p st. EDda' w m4 hal'dly t o t our proJ ot 1n rda wben Yeats aeaent d to 1tJ 4 t n M 414 a neroue thing at1ll, tol' be ott d to 'roduo. foP tbe netlt or st. EMa' a a pla ot N a to t pr uctlon ot w hich hid b en lo Sng to rd to an ort8nt pooh in the l1t ot the Abbey "' t ttrat pa-ea a ion to Eul'Ope at a poet wbo th la poe 1bl,-the r.ateet now living Aa4 lnYit 4 to pro a St, Elda a pla,al wlth r. Ta re' I und il'atood th o arly than r that no on 1 eo gen a 8 1 art1at) tor a at artbt i alway g1v.1:ng g1tta.s Iat r ta playa b pre t Ir1ah Y1 w noteda nt n tutblr and au t sam e Sn at the A be,-. Aa 8 lt, The produc t1 on or T And 1a ita p ol ion ot tbe 'wo tbe same perlodi o l aaidt l. 2. s 6. t probabl7 th tlret prod t1on or my ot Rab1n ANna b T a a p OD a pean at8ge took place at the Abbey t w 'r t OtfSoe I perto d. It W88 bl7 a a r. ROSina an4 dmlr8bly p la,.. Abby T at eoond Oompa7 There a 1 1 of idea between T Po t Ottloe md the play 1n IrS.b by r. P.H. Peane. An 1II"; i1iiih na pro&loe4 with 1t In both pla7a t re 1 tlii' -at leal S4 a gt k1ngah1p1 and 1n oth the c ntnl character ia a child. p 195.

PAGE 115

' a. 0 16 to r ......... ........... g to llhm-' h1e

PAGE 116

a 4 eo 1. a a lta 0 Pa lPP 2'18 !03. Jmmt. PP

PAGE 117

In Be J Vla I W ltte 't'J , ..

PAGE 118

nt b7 O' 1 lg\aon. I ,,0 0 14t rT oi;UIJ'S&Illg '0 t . _, it tlrat ., art 1, P et 'lbU b1

PAGE 119

of c p 11

PAGE 120

0 J, 0 7' la, 1 1 0 ( ) I

PAGE 121

' t h1 j 7 to t 1 D\lb 1 i ot ., a J' In 1n h1 p... j t 1.a t 2 a1 ot

PAGE 122

892 1nt top1o be mind tor mor to sar. :roh d about 1n hia The t aters in which auch pt-odl)t1CDa appeared we usually the Gaiety and the Queen's "'t oooaa1onall7 a patriotic a a 11 aa popular amw was at 4 at tbe to r nd, using Hollow87 as a eouroe, the latter mlght almo t be cle or1be4 as tbe only be tt r ot playa about 198. or not onl,-w r-J .w. h1tbr 41 numeroua s ledrulea *Xl4 th pru pla7 tor trh1oh he paid 100 poun4e pro-.. duo lntt a ao. aocoro 1ng to Bollowa7, ther r pla'J pertomed 5 6 at th Queen's on thie ubjeot b1 F.J. oHue Jo nna Redmond, ? 8 P Ke 4 Jo ph 1 cb1 ltloon. inter alLa. In addtt 1on to t n1 and hi t7a ooo tonally t Rotunda n4 the York Stre mater we used t thla popular tJl)e ot ant rt.alnment. To ott t t pro etio t t G . 1ety and the Qu ena_, t Ir1 h lit r ry th at r o nt 1n Dublln aa to t. teur; md the p .rotes 1onal player of the Abbey Theatre "port d pertom.anc a by the tollow-1ng t ur gr pa a 'rbe Pla rs (wl4ch pertcmned The EnQ.bant d 9 to !!!. bJ d ard l'tyn 1n 1904) tbe :XZ.1ab tpleal Club. the Pioneer 1i1o Club (wh1o h pert to b n t t e n Tbe t srro. e4 a '98 play ot the vr1 ty ll ) end -.n anon oua grOU:p at poran Drama .2!. Ir land,

PAGE 123

1 Dublin Oa tla. In to t s.: ot ..mlOh r t Sa thin wo b -lln 1 Ilah cl t 4 wlt ot t or 1 a !net r1an1 8 I B A 8 h 1 ..S.ll :r bon hot t l 4 t t th1a poin 1n uoo. 4 th.J'(Q r t1CIIl tl t1m. ..t 1 J.a l he to b1 118 lnto exiatl nee t Sn be t r. 0 lla 0 .... bly, r the 41 o t w1th her oJtpn1 o1al

PAGE 124

, 1 rol I' tor Inghln1 nni on to hold. t1o t 8 s. 1a t prJ.n 0 li1o t 11 nt tt le had be bel.d 1n p IJtia h nlt r to b a t t t in t Ano1 nt Oon ert B -in 1 aDd 1-. WI'O In t, 1901 thla t called WS.ll It ,... t , .......... u. by Allo.e 1111 . Yeat 7 w1 h I Iri L1t NrJ pla7 la. t lat r 'W'l ho o rta1nl.7

PAGE 125

d d t t h1a PJ!!em&A !!!! lah Lit 'ft-"'"'' "''17 unl\tClOe 1 ttOJ't to 1 lt 8l'U'J t IHeh t!'ai:JftA o ant t 7 1 I t oo,. ap .. tin

PAGE 126

0 G 1tt 00 t1 t "nit ro. t . I

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t t

PAGE 128

na 1 reo p ion w h t to Lo na na Suoc a Louie. aooep 4t at .And tbesplit that t law 898 nn 4 Dudley Dl e 111 ted to lnd ot sult t xoell nt r p had o lftd 1t tlrat two v1a1t 0 l part l4 nt1tle4 zllDer ot Ingh1n1dbe s Al""'"'vu; a ared tbe berahip 11a 11, 1906. t _lena ol ; ot ocu.ra b o o 1 nl A beJ lng rk a na 1reann lta re o4f11& te r t tbat ot tb ll'i.eh 1n the to t 011 ot tha t Olll be of ao ora. t 00011 4 ln 190 it would db ole t 1r oJ"1g1nal 1ponaor. be c y to tba ott 0 1nwb1h lena 010%17 1. By 2. s 5. 6. 7 an '1 h1 h. -'b7 Count rkl T1C " O.Clhel d Ingb1n14be na hEbeann eo 125. ot. s.J.

PAGE 129

01o ly 1n 1 t 1nt bout it 1n add! l 9 1 t t t r t 11ttl n en tco t 1 tt .a. y t a P.R ear e to oted to it be u ot 1ts lnt 1 or, r P Yeat pon-ble tor ats and play and .lt tiJ'a lt t I h 3 Pa7' l lt,. 11q I.act7 a gory got o tl!'f)l o,t t Ol' nlaatlon th111A111.ft na n edhe 1 be.lped to pro-duoe o hi del1gh ot ,.. Gr11't1th d 0 pro b and Oeor oo toh pre produ t1 the r bearaala ln 190-1 tor Padralo Ool 'a ted h ,_..,..on., Sb1ll1n wh1. oh na.ea.Jlttal. Col pl'oteat d t 4 '1 0 \lllllmn t t .o. it 4 trQJ1ng nd to pre Pel" p nt boatU1 t1 a llowa7 ra1 ).t t. 3. s 6 It v1v141 who !we 7 Illt plot will xpla1n the tu ot t plot tbe lc 1 n o14 n o a countrr lad 1h1lllng, t b ing to aaelat 7 d Gonne c Brid

PAGE 130

0 s 0 Sn 7. e 'f t 0 t h \1 t to lU't h 0 t oealft o1 P 2'1

PAGE 131

901 1 2 s al dy be n d P 1n 1906 and 1907 plao be nt1on d. Uter the latt r J B llow y porta no farther produotlona by hi at1onal Pl y ra an t fi t or t Theatre ot I land. The orl 1n ot th T tre ot be en tr oed to t apl1t ln Ab 7 trou which toll 4 L PlaJ;boz disturb-ancea 1n 1907 and t ditter n a ot op1n1on b twe n the two groups ld ntly cont1n d 1n 1908 att r the Fay had quit the 7 ational T a re Soo t7. In 190'7 d 19081 tba ot IM 8 9 land produ ed pla7a 'b7 fadrlc Oolum and s oKell:y. o tt llyt let r play in a ut a mot nt 1n the re U1on or 1798. In 10 19 lat 0 117 ancS Ru 11 ot interest rev1v 1 ot n 1g nth o co dy b7 0 .rles A 7 r okbeing t 1a 11n. Ot t tour pr ot1ona 1n t writt n by J 14 16 16 s ep osua t t 1 logu oe rl an Go B th dea att nt1on ot 89 90. 255-266. :Sl6, 317, Hollowa,- oat a-

PAGE 132

ot t T:beatr t and y oonv ni tly atop 4 at tlle aa point tine auft1o1en t1on o.r lt soo been g1v .n. ina :r Sta SoIrldh T attte he ew ciet7, the d r to the dnt '1' 6-. 191.0 lt Pl' 1 ot '98 i rl It deal wl a t b 0 d 1n t T lrl t1o Co ot f 1 lal" 1nte OJ"tl1Yed On 7 etor1ol elo4r a 00 0 C!D!'I'IIRft L c ll -2 --iioiiililo ca l' at P ter o' Ul c 2 . n r1 ing t 18 1 , 1fbo 41ed tor a Ujt) t o u ot ln lt ther \ n oau or two ot n ho carded how ar x outed tn ltl6, 4 Willie ll

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nt1 ot o lo 1eY at

PAGE 134

p 4 t tad po0 f utUUlQI'l tb t Sntlueut f 11: ) 0 oll.J 71 19151p.lo&O. ..... .......,-. PP 11 ... 12. 25- P 2

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1 o1 1a e4 t 'bi'Cldll CMIJII

PAGE 136

0 l J.t Jlt7a lattett p iJ 8

PAGE 137

1 0 0 t tilt t t b1 111U 0 P 99

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wU J 1 s

PAGE 139

a id ln 190Sh co .mnll!tst B07d1 att r 190S Yeat .xLd d7 Gregtry control d ,. ob 1 t oa then lt 1e obv10Qa that y c oppo itton to the nl.a ln an 1n41l' ot taahlon ., neo at pre nt 4 or b;y g oontrlbu 1008 b7 pl 1 h whee vie re other 1; tho It u 4oub 1 nlgbt w a a4 r or not rq d1atlngula 4 Irleh pla7 te4 by o or hip at the Ab 7 Late 1n Ootobel', 190 0'1 1U Ru.a U leotu d \Uld J' the auep1o 1 ot u D,y' i c he nS..n, '' Daly, ll'l the ohall". Rea andY but Rd:wa t.d,-CJl'e Jll . Je 1 lJalne. tS.Oleh 17 nat10Gal1 t 1o s a 4 v1 t f!l. l'b 19141 lnet th8 oenaorehlp at t be71 or t I* t Irlah Irelana.r did not obj ct to the poli ina' 1lh1 :u.aell and artyn took xc pt1on. But 1. s. rough v agh, eeklz Pre !!!9

PAGE 140

a 10

PAGE 141

1. 8 :s. 6. e h 1t: 1 lll-112

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u 0 wth 1 1. 18'7 s &. s. ll'1 ReY1ew, a

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t t 9 t p ll

PAGE 144

t a1 b1a p1a I l P San s. 1t ot t la71 Yeat 'be ............ "'1 t a-.. In a lo dllted t. lin 1:"4&4!1 ... The oCV'l--DU ntl7 tbe w-l' a o r q t1 0 t1 d not

PAGE 145

rl ed 1 lJdWil .. t r s. .IAV,.,_.aH I' ob bl r -lllar to t b aud1enoe 1. 1 r'J Uf7 B y ta T 11 1038, P ; PP 260 aoo.

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'1 a 91

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91'7 In 1908, Dw1 ny and QDonagh t Lo Dunsany to tbe ational 'l'beatre Society 1n plt ot t tact that tbe latt r bad en educated at l 2 Eton and s burst, had taught tbe B ra and c analdered hbu lt eo gll h to eeek to repre nt Weat 1lta 1n Parl 3 the Oanaer.atl Prt7. Dun an7's aooount at hi et1ng with Y at y b tou 1n t to r' utob1ogNP:brt I t .B. Yeats tor the t1rst t and he aek:ed to wr1 a play tor h1 Abbey '1' atre. I aid I oouldn t writ playa. aiel that I 1 ht writ play about a picture t t I bad dnwn and wh1oh IU.aa Bva 1lt on, the art let told h1 a bout a it a plctur of a burglar b ak1n into Par 41se beins pun1ehed by the lrcmy ot tincUng ptJn 4 atar he op ns the gol4en gatea.4 '1' r ult wa an wrot Gl1tter-1ns _it bioh pr-Qluoed 1ti 1 09 P Phape Ya a ld n ve bad !.!!!. 'l'lnkera' 1f ddlng by SJng p rt b o uae Roll ay noted teraely on a production ot 1t 1n Ell l 1n 1909 bat lt d "n r yet be n pla7 4 in I land" a "'rbe tan and r at t ot this piece 6 to nee beto an Irieh auc11enoe 1mpoa 1bl P a ly Ye t na r atr 1n d b7 Ladr Gr gory and SJnge. It would be 1noor ot to eay tbat tbe t r' a playa b ca mor patrlo 1c be el Oate tir t perto d 1n 1906, ....._. ..._.... and at BoJd 4 8er1bee 1t a8 toll e. '7. Here 1 the .-. dy a other who o 8 to tbe pr1aon r 8 n 11 h ld tor a pol1t 1oal ot"fenae. Orieftd aa 7

PAGE 148

y t hla a 1 iah folk .. . 16

PAGE 149

9 cth '1 D\lb11n Oa 1 1 ott t at or llf 0 itl 1. 1e lat ., PlaJ'I to pat lt t at a 8 rt 0 S.l the I .R. s., 8

PAGE 150

mh I ot 0. 1 a 1 61.

PAGE 151

921 1n lin ares P 1 In 18 4 lS -r 1a 101le ,.. n t enl a a d Ab until rl Ab '1 t pre ent 4 m Ir1 lated t S..l. In Sp t 1 , rloe. In 41t1on. 7 bl. -x. the11' beno wb1oh lae 4 r o: d .. pi oe b7 J n4 Ofle t the '. --------.! !lL ooe of bl troo.p 1c1 m a r a ot p '1 t1 led "A In 1cle, 01 11 4 to re c J-8 or able o r ot w-t too, n hit prod d b1a be t 1 bewlt appe o rlah 1. 2 PP 96. s. 7. e. lr1ab atlanality t'7 1912. p. :s.

PAGE 152

1 l8 oo1e 7 p .. I 17 and la t 4 r a1l.7 11t 1e

PAGE 153

p t 1. 2 s aibl u lt l by t 1a t 0 r 0 l'lbut 12, P 1 t1 1 t .. of lah n t N ot Dublin rl7 1nvol

PAGE 154

.. n te ot

PAGE 155

p e4 1 the A 1. p 4t f n.llllli.a'"M ot ....... l .. ll ]JJ S.to two ,. lle r b atlg te 'Uh la a :r > In o ho pla7 1 ou1J Ir b 1 -J' Who tbb 4iU.Il rller bia p 7 4 ot

PAGE 156

1 0 1101.001 QloiiiJ"'Uli'Q mt '. t: l .S.h 1 ) ., 1 4W ole t 1A I m art Ur' the .. --t 11 D Jl 11 mo;W.liMmt:. P H Pe e,

PAGE 157

ta 1 'l7 r 1 T s. pll 0 ,. t laid 0 1D In t into h Jo 11. , J r Yl 0 11,. .or be le I' t 1 .. I 14 rt t pori ,..,, o t t t 0 1 1 WS.h s.

PAGE 158

1 .,.....,_., _. .... Dtl 1.-rttl 1

PAGE 159

7 b m 1 Ol' wl b' bJ JSG,.J!i(l IIAMl'ftl

PAGE 160

w Tl t -e, I 0 I 'bbl1D

PAGE 161

l 0 J ., t b1 -t t ll

PAGE 162

0 d dlv nde 4 ot T aer1 tlla. b ,. lll RXlX A a ,, a 41ao U.U:m.D rill pbploal 110 Lea ) o to e or nlaa nn na I 'tdll notlo at oe t t 11 tba 1 1 n w part:ure. l 1t b te ........ ,_,_ .. s.aa 1 will 0 til- t -1 prop .rd 1t laJ f in 1 ding will be t n u.p SP' h or th1 932

PAGE 163

B de tln Ta Srl y t lt oc1 t7 t 1 l 933 v r 1n t J.n be J" Y1 1 c ltlo ta d -

PAGE 164

Its main ach1 ve nt a to aeoure t recognition of Iriah on the DIW Inte diate Board. 4 pet 1t1on with 1ntlu ntlal na s a dd d to 'he Br1t1 h Parl1 t in tavou ot admitting Ir1ah to the 11at ot languag a tor exa:minat ion w 11 as Latin, G e and Prenoh, nd Celt1u? pleaded the O'Connor Don h ov d that innoc t n nt 'Without any objection. AM. t a Ir1ah 41a iaed aa c lt1o1 11pp d 1nto Ir1ah aeocn ry aohoola f aeoond aoh1 ve nt o the so. olety to publish obe p ed1t1cma wl h 1nterl1neal Bngl1ah tran latlon of u h O.ell.o ola. a 1o The Purault of Dl mn1d and: g !a! t of t Ch114 n g""'tl'r, parts il Ke tlngf a lllitol'l;, aiid 0". rwar a Lictu!ing el'i'm ntafi7 ra ana t xtboolu ,l t th Society tor tbe P er t1on of the I .riah waa not pro lve nougb tor ot it. tt ot1 plrl J.mong the aot1v in the Sooiety were Dr. 51 r . 1o 1 Ou ok the tounder ot Q el to Athletic As Sa 10ft tbe or1gtnal 1t lab 11 4 of J a toyo oal 01' in Ulzla l>l". 01' Catholto A bb18hop ot Oa 1, Iii lit -tlonal ot th 11'1 h blahop ot the t who patFOn ot h Soolety T 0' elll Rlll 11 and R G on Ullok Bour 3 Thea n to th w1 h J rpb7 d H1de. 4eo!ded to t o a new or nuat1an the Gee11o Union In t1 t Ga lie Union w 41ao
PAGE 165

coo 1ng1.y, 1n 1 1, la 4e, a tng n Ir1eh-A rlo n eoc1 ty in ew Yo , propoae 7" oft Iri h langu 1 ap 1 to t1 k n ct 1t: w s under Ol' 0 e d om r a on to expeot _rica. 4 d, d old a Tr1n1t7 Colle tt-1 nd that althoagh be wrote eh 1n Irlah, n Irlah weJHtP r would bli it, 4 be t 1t to an 1eh pe I' ln Oh1 .. r tbe edit lgnorlllt ot Ir1h d n for o 0 n 0 .. 0 3 tr alatlon ot ' rk dt n pear tA per ., fban ln 1eas o1n o eill,. who had auooe 4e4 Path r 010rowney 4ltor ot th gtelio Jggryl, aroute4 Ir1ah 1nte at 1n llJ4' a proj ot and 5 betore e end th year Connradh na Gaedh1lge a to d It y b ded that 1n t 1: Gaelic :r.. e ab the Gaello Union t ber so,. 1 e, Connr 4h na Gae4h11 p rte 1 Th Ga o alm r o 1t ov ln 189-51 4 1t has onth und r tbelr direotton. The editor and . ,..,..., reap ct1 v ly Jo c 111, .-.....;;;;..;;o.;;;..,. .,..-.....,,;,;;.;,;;;;,.. pp, 113, 122. ........... ......., tor Two Ye r 8ndmg

PAGE 166

., ..... tbt br D t u,. 11 # 1 t t to 1t -..-... J.a t liter bu..Jl"'U t ot r p 1o41o a, 1' l71n 1 ia l j belt .. "' r o c O'VlOgJEllle, o 1111 6 ella

PAGE 167

mlt 1 8 s ... s t e mt t d In 190 ln 1fbioh h1a co et Q 1 tor ar.Jl oto Ua1gb ot :ell

PAGE 168

938 inn Gaelic purpoe a ba a ea y en referred o wl h apee1al 2 Pelaeanna d the OSPeaohtaa. In ad 1t1on to prope n41at llt r tu the G eli; r.. Tbu the enie. era ezpoatula 3 4 1f 1t !'etu 4 to tak part 1nt tga 0 nt ftlle4 T a1'71 and W .P. R7 ... ;e;;:;.;:;;o;;;;;o;;.;;;;r.4 wlth ator1ea ot oth r oontl SDt a. P r oat e1 1t1o t au1t d tr the ar1n ot a Roral c which gatblr1 1ntonna t1on abCJ.tt a oon4aey duoat1on 1n Ir land 1D 1898 and 189Q. Dr. atr7 d Dr. Atk1naon ot Tr1n1t7 Oollage d attacked aah1ng ot Iriah be tor it. a tty 1 rgwsent bav b en d up aa tollowea 4. Taken a a a w le a coording to Prof a or a batty 1 t Ga 11o mo nt ia a ch1ld1ah and tao 1t1ou Ye nt, rely a play-thing tor t people, 1n nted b y r b la who a t1'7'lng to foment anti-British t el1ng, Ill d to acoentuat t a para t1on b t n I land an4 land, and tbo know that Rul 1s 'cml,a q at ton ot t pro"fi d they an nour1 aep ra tion a nt. nt, and rtve t htt:mrto deoreaa1ng a nee ot contrast 1h race b7 e tabli ing cmtraat 1n langu g 1 Aa to what 1a called Oeltlc Lit rature, tty baa no xpree-the Irl h R volu 1936, p. 59. o beJ'

PAGE 169

939 s1on trong ou tor 1t ocmd atlon; attl on t aut rlty ot th who know that outa1d rel1g1ou.a wr1 t 1n r are no I,-iah wri 1 a 111b.1ch ar not 1 tbe r 'a11 or 1nd cnt.' H1a ool a 1 r. Atk1nec:n_ him with h1a ut 1tJ 1n deolar g t t all this oli)4.1t tur 1 ' oat bl.y low 1rl t t ev r,' he y 'let o r ohlldr n b bl'ou ht into cmtaot with th1a. 'l r ot a 1t .-ald; "Do t1n ot ennea. Wln41aoh ot 1pa1 Stern ot Berl1n, n Pede n ot 0 openbagen and ot r w re inoked by t be a. l1o 2 Iea e. Alao, w.s. Yeats. W1.111 X. We, Altred utt. ltuno eyer. Dou laa ., apok out 1n t nM tSn 1ah 4 arraJ ot n rd rt. lilo1n aclfelll and P H P ar 11-ieh lan 1T1ed l1ttl How er, auoh a 41a-lgbt with t rn nt. 1n 1901,_ nomtnated to berah1p on the Board of lnt 111 late uoat1on1 " nomtn.tion t t ... eented s aa a per nel 1n ult by all Oa l1c Ir land." nee s al R oruita Tbe at ult ot t oont roY ray to wh1oh t r-portant Hault ot t ttort ot the Gaelic to attract a tent.ion 8 t enl1 5 nt ot r1oua d1a 6 t 1ngu1ahed roo 7 R'uaaell ba al ita Doug lea Boln o 111 and T. o elll dy be 4 or1 d a tOI.lDdera or tbe organua

PAGE 170

tlon. n J .. 0 o ot 1ou 1a and an o a ra r ar 0 Q.. 0 alA e:rt tbet ,. I' t ot at r ri e. 1 8 .,, t 5'1 1 -th1 1' alao 1 .,.. lo el Cu o hla -0 pa oor t 1" 1ntbe -t ot c tbt too or. aor'J da ia-e tor l. J 'be-s tber bad e\mg x. _tw1bt l Ule4 lr1 4 tau t a p 381-!77 P :s e wbllo 1 PP '1

PAGE 171

J ( t c Pf 1o. n. e. t ot 1 to n s 1 1 p 1 tJ 0 1o 1 ct. J J t a t -a1no had oh note4 Ro O';ltl olaaa ) 8 - Ao-ant_ t 11 e e, P 12.

PAGE 172

0 1 1 2 .. .3 t 0 11o Un1 p. 30.

PAGE 173

94S leetur a r att n4 d by .auoh and, 1t 1 e .l.d, J Jo,co.l J JoJO J07c pb r partially o d th1 tory that h1a sub. ot claaa 1n t following dlt a :rue t ol1c1t tlon of Geor Olanc be at 4 d a ot t e Ir1 h o la aaea oondu.o t 4 by e it r Patr1ok P are O't' anotbe r but drop d out 1n dla t IUl4 bored at t o t1nual rS41 1 d by the ewer nthuale tl 1 otu I' lthr aound, e, JDtalt and a11.2 0 '1 d. c r which 1n eo 71 par llele that ot P rae or no enthu iA t 1c Gael1 Laa.su r In c ol t atte arda be traa to b at by Or01m forceaa But Ye re 1a r ( 1n 1921) Olano y rltlc d to 1 a a LOI'd yor of L rlo a n4 'tb heart eln t 1n ttat 4l tr1ct a hot d by Blaok and T ho. a l4eala or the S1Dn 1n h1 1 n ater 1nt l'eat to tbe at\14ent ot J J0'1fJ tba 01'1g1 1 ot "t D Y1D ot xosns ..!!!." who In .... 4 et at t f'eet ot JS.cblael Cuaaok1 the 1l' p ra lt 7 b auppo t t Clanc7' b o o llke th t Pear and theretoM b hi c olg h-1 da ot a n _nt SSAe b 1 wlth a r'l ot the 4 e4 ot pr ot hla \UlOl! at n.n.n; the atblet., the J'CWlg peasant w 447

PAGE 174

(P h witt De lu J 9 t t 1 in 1901.) l 1 t ( .. > 1n 0 tt t hoto -(Jay ) I I 11 ,., o t of 41d not c d.r P a

PAGE 175

1 t 1ln u 19_ I t 1 1 f l in a1le4 P s.

PAGE 176

11'1 Oolle X. 1 1 t . 8 8UI-J' Ool 1 1 r... 8 t1 l t lt 1 1 'WV.IIA. 1 b t 11 1, 1 .. t It or .truo 1 TM s t, a4 D4 P e ; l.DOS..S.I pp l2S Ir&!h .fN .......,........,. ...... P 64.

PAGE 177

'1 ,bl 0 t 1 t to 1 of Cai; 1 -1

PAGE 178

1 .. .,. 1 l Unl-

PAGE 179

949 Ga l1o Lea t C nty Council aleo joined 1n t fra,- Tbe I.B.B repreae ted 1n t battl b7 '1 Clark and by hia hie at:r10k oO :rta 1 t T ' b1dd1n t a atud nt.B 1 e tin e or g 1 d at t llana1.cm Houa at whioh Dou laa llYde apoke. n.y at1ona tor t tlng,. wh1oh .n att.a1r, at wbioh Oartan w the I.R.s. a nt. r. er, acOartan 4 and edited h Irian but only an r oon ultatlon wl h Clark who il'l'ra d b7 the a o ion ot t at lo. 1 Unl v ra1 y 1n 4 o141n g ag 1nat nt1al Ir1ah. To and be exeout1Ye ot t I R .B. gav cOa:rte n all uppo 7 Olll4 with tbe St.t, which e n adYocatlng 1 aung the at1onai"17ii'I'v r;j 1t it w to b o a obe tor 'auo lin eaddlers t; and McCart a n lett the Un1'f'era1ty Shortly att r the public t1 t tb'at wo 1a 1 ot t Ir1ah Student, Dou la e de r p a t t lou to eCartan tlirouiJi !lie Seonta the aa lia ague who pr cOartan tba Iriah would 4e ea ent1al ln th Un1'f' r 1ty. 'fhe s-al-laD l1tt1 jou.rnal n a opped bl1oat1on, although the Olan ... Qael of Philadelphia d nt 100 pounda, and pr 1 4 ore t J oGarrity, to w the mon y pro tly retumed.l Per pa .he at atr1k dlaplay 1n taYor of oompulaoJ-1 the annual ra an exou 'o turn out ln tore T Ohrla t1an Broth r nt t ou de ot t lr 10h olboya to awll the ben .. ooeaa1on. Dou,glu e o1n oll 111, ho d/appolnt d to the cbalJI or rl 1e 1 H1atoPJ b w Univ ral 7, 4 ny loquent ap ala o be lt1tu4e who d elllbled 1n honor of I 1 d' a patron aa1nt. up the t IJ'iab ntl7, t popularJ.7 leot d Oolltlty Oounc11 t o ok to p ov14 on y tor acbolarah1pa unleaa a c pulaorr subject:

PAGE 180

1nt t p To UnS: .l'a1 tor 1 a 1n 1 la an 1nt ot 1901 . 2 t t riDt in l4

PAGE 181

1 t 1m 11 to a J' all he '1 lla 41 lnat 1 1. PP

PAGE 182

6 to ora J ( t I l 0 aid rable 0 b 1 ttJ "' lt d t e t A 1 .::.e;.::ur= ..... ;:;.o;o;;... f PP 4."1 1-,1-'15

PAGE 183

1. e. 1 1 ltlA la 14. 0 tl lo& 11 t t t tbet '

PAGE 184

long t la t two n in t 11 NI'J ,b n with St o ins to n..'"u;u. 0 1n 10 X 8 Pear to t. appe 4Jn s wMn it,. ' o 1v1-I 1nt 1'8 t wbln 1t rto 4 at 1 a. rtte4 hSa ta r' bua1 ne a " mCilllWI 1ble rrn-T DQbl tbe l tter t 8 t1 nta t 6 been 1n pe re 6 be tropolltan bool ot Art '1 r Wbiah appeared 1a Ir1h RevS..w. In e told DeiiJICma. a,.an, hi ao eoc1at 4 w1 h Co who tauaht blp 1n thie 71 ... =e. otbe .;.P.-1....., .. P v1. PAJUMI 9J 20. VI;,

PAGE 185

9&& A1 o 1 tlr atter pr -te:rt_ AtJ r 11 .,. t;be ...

PAGE 186

966 It wa au. o 1n th1a ,-ear hat h1 Y ol 1 2 t ....!]!, d. Ria h-i n ., P 1c tutu I n th1 bo 4o kett' p trmgly cleo b a wb1le to e 1n the Na- in 1g11 t t oD gb oa to ow hia ph U7 P 1Unkett. ln !'be !12_ R2'ffi4 t ln t e yeara when b other r tor ppoa1 r 1 n4 lp b en Plunk tt d oDona h _"JJ be at d r s the *PP a ra 1n tl'ua t ye r ot a vol 4ed1c 4 t o 1 tt r by the to 6 !'.!!e. 0 11;!le and t In t tall ot 1913. aoDcmagb and P lunkett to OY r tbe l 2. T. 3., 4.-5. Ool cord turt r aetlv1t1es ot Plunk tt1 d a little U tenry leat and pro-lr o e 1rcle, with eo Euroot' s trnole Van wa ong t Llk his fl'iend cDonagh be

PAGE 187

, 0 1 1th PP 1 too, I' ret e 1107 s.-D olcl 8

PAGE 188

a Dodd tol 11 68 t or t 01 1 wh1 1D 1r wrot ot 1 1t t 11v. 01'1 pe ltl all

PAGE 189

Co a .!4t It it will 0 recsoru tr 0 1 s 4. If 0 0 # T t t w 11 0 t tm c 1 ta t t 1 lnt t

PAGE 190

o elll o t 0 qu 1 1 tl l la a t p De Vel lin 0 d to lt o elll .. ac(18Cl t t 1 X..a tbe ... e1U" V l. N rill

PAGE 191

t I lr r c .--Jn lr Rc.tet-C D s. ... n lt. 11o 06 A pp. 42-43 1091

PAGE 192

n b to 1 1,

PAGE 193

tOJ't 0 Oat l QfQ 0 ent 9 68 1 t 1e leat-l:J hit; t r 14 -80t.:IC1 ft 80 we at W w '' 11 8 Aa: p 1al17 ott S.at n 'W1 h 0 1f1 ptll'pO a ltur .. ' 'lwilt o t al 1ah le f h1e W.&ILUIW 8 a ltt.o o a t r t atit om m4

PAGE 194

tb1a o n t G ell a 4 A. oooae1o 96 ... eJl ou po t1o ed ln t s 1916. 0 h 1 t a 1 -c 111 ot 0 to th I he Joln 4 the r r:

PAGE 195

965 One ru.Pthe.r &Jtallple of the &Jln in h1oh Ceannt wa ble t o unite h1a tforts tOl' th .revi al of th Ir1 h langu ge with h11 n1 1 1 1nd1oat d b7 P H P a.ree, who in 1915 eall d tor an Iris ep aldng John tb 1st" to pr ch phJalcal t o r 1n the we t ot Ir land: I would ve hbl apeak of Tone an itch 1 llld the. Haw ot t Hill and of a dead ott 1n erlle tor lov ot tb Gaels all in Irlab. In th e tim I wel e nn Ceannt and 'Bean an Phil" Ruaidh.l P H ct1on with th G el1c Leagu 2 alre d7 be nt!oned r p t l7. In 190'1 h publish d tn P1rat c ntur7 Ireland" 1n Cle.1de following "Po e ord"1 Soluie w1 th th file .tollowil'lg pap rs are the substance of lecture delivered 1n gl1h to the atudent ot the Metro politan School of Art, Dublin, in April, 1906, and atterw rd expanded into a a r1s or tbre lectures in Irish del.1v red b tore th ArdCr obh this 7ear. I 4 sir t th outeet to expt-e 7 oblig t1on to Dr P W Jo7ce, whoa two nob 1 vol a 1 'A Social H1ator7 ot Ano1 t I.reland1 have be moat valu able lne of information. In 1908, P are became he a ter of St. End a task hioh took o JNoh or hia tille that he was forced to re-sign h1 po t a 4 d1t01' ot An ,.c1. ......,__.;;;o;;;;;;Soluia in 1909. H

PAGE 196

966 1nt in 4 M 1n Ga 11 Le ver. On ot th xte 1n at t ' r th. 1 118 or t the t 0 OJ' tbe 1tc-1 1 poet. P a re 7 bts-lo.Ul."....,.lfi to fil'ld Ga 11o not r. olut1on&rJ enougb d t1 01'" ; 1x r 1 t !" he W ot I to t p lutlcm. 1 e 1 t t r l lu 1 1t in 1 With bbl. In 191 Uo t d r "i"o- he4 theb

PAGE 197

o eo vl.o 1914 t b 0 0 the P B 1t. l s 2 a 4 181 OilY t 1 too 1n to 0 4 67 OaU Le and . 1 1 ........... ..,_._1. t ln 2 1900, 0 t t Ill e1D u on t 1 81 t P 31'1

PAGE 198

968 th at t or Ir1 h 1n4 u try, r ached reliance, celebr t d anniv rsar1es of t1 onal a 11' the big Y nta 1r.t Ir1 hletorJ r co r d ita 1 h
PAGE 199

969 thing should b aa14 about tbe Sinn P 1D pr gr and it origin. Progr In ea '1 nt1tle4 SlDn Pe1n, R bert LJD d clared: Sinn Fe1n 1n the noblest ot 1ta apeots 1a but Nat1onal1s t da.pt t!on ot tb aa7!n : 'The k1ngd ot heav 1 w1 thin 'JOU.-' It is founded on b lle-f t each nation has a sort or 11nner light, t1del1 t,to wh1ch .alone ill a ve it The .Sinn Fetner it not,. as ao ot bia orltioe ll ge, op. poa c1 the brt>the.l'hoo ot nat1o H 1 oppoeed erel7 to the tubSeotlon ot n tiona. bell ve that th g nlu, oultv and ap eoh ot ev ry ntlon 1a orth eaerving,_ and tbat to eonaent to eerv11 tude t a tor 1SJ1 kultur 1e a ln aga1nat the light. 1 ot t n 1nn P 1n' does not ore than 'God av nns Alo..n 1 It eana L d aaidt n .. s oa to 11141 te ot po.lioy ot tlional eelttahneaa, but or national 1 ltr llanoe 1n c at to a ollcJ ot 1 t1 the goodwill ot the B 1t!ah P rli nt to k Ireland a n .at1on. en en the pbr e, 'Our elv a lon (Sinn 1n Amhaln t) 1 1a used,_ 1t 11 ua d 1ft the a e 2 s Sinn .Feiu oppoaed r llgloua eotar1an1a J and sought oCIIlprc:.i.a ot onl7 betwe n o ap1t anA bor but also between 1oal tor-e an al aua S.o It 7 be added that th1e yaioal f-orce had a curlo'Q re-sult wb th lr1 Vol te ra r torm d 1n 19l5t Arthur Gr1tt1th joined. but 81nn Fein thl'ougb his paper gave the Volunte r ov ent a wel qual1.f'1ed bJ 41a sttop, P 65. P 71

PAGE 200

I t a I t Slftn not. A e 17 a 1o ( Q 0 1 0 10 ut1 dpl. 1ft 1 dr l. s. b1a 970 .,. ot ttt 1sl17 '18 1n 1t Anaw ra aa1da SHIJ F. { Proper17 '" 0 1a t 'IV, tbe to. U lng app ., the Irt Rule AI 1at1on d .aM_.. t 1 tteJ' to t 11 S t Jul7 31 prf.l 71 19'7'1 1 P 6 51 1 8761 P 6

PAGE 201

971 b 1 ttl lao b o w:.:meua t or P 1 .......... 1 L t t 1. 3 7 a 10. M tln 1Jl 10 1 t th Irlah a 6 tlr.at d had ough: S..nd ot oor e1t v b 1 e 109 l:S7, otua- ol. a, P 82

PAGE 202

t1 t 1 (,""QJD!ID* t .... t L1 e Ald tt-elt. t -ept er 9 1936,

PAGE 203

973 1n 19061 _.U=-a;;:;.o:;. report t t at tb ta t t 0 0\mOl a.rd emc)Jut tho ptte ta John s t1um, Dal7, A..D.IU.'W:aan 'i"Dilllla en '1' and P d l I t c &l"'lal ( ta t 'L1 2 ln. be point 4 out l l' l7)1 P T e who l to att tth t abov who 1 r Hob za, P dar o anth the Irish P'lblio ) and two who d al.Pe 47 6 t r, P. P va and M1 hael Ua t f1f1 do Dot to e att ndect th1a 1na\lg\U'al etlng, of s

PAGE 204

to t t s It 1 pol to Mr. Qrl t1th' bje t dur1D 1n I 1. P P Jon 2 L L R. B R e lr: : 9'74 a'b ).j, t P J, ea l"t u 1rl 1905; 1 b()J'. It 1vit1 s t t 0 t 0 I 1 t "ln ontra t to 4. ohin8 t Ol' 1D 19U, 1 b 0 tua 1tl to t J 1D t I p t :so. 1911. o1t., PP 1 -14 P 88. P 9 P 108. HE!! P 11

PAGE 205

'1 rs be Irbh Fa tal"J 'bQ.t itt ... _._ b t tros. 1 t t ersa in: 0 11 ot dUt N'lC lt la n t t lo.-4 1' p 1 ;per CbUt1 h wb1oh att .. rt'J'Il and a J ,. ab .' 17 t. p Slrm t 'be to wb.Soh 1 laW t be x. B 1 6. 6 "rl.

PAGE 206

p in, tO\l 8 1n prc:.J)OII:m4 wel ill 1910 1 tlw 0 le d r-IP.ft l4 b 0 1 1a 1tJ.on In t t ot bla e\l 1908, t1n le po:U.C .14 1 4 ot S11m -nvbee 1 r a t two 0 Irlah Pa t laaa lt r o wttlo1 1 arl 1D U oliiiolllililliiii -..--.. 1n t Jon. 'ba' " al 8 Ireland w 1 c t1 t1otpat 11 1.

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r 977 R t1onal o bO ... 1 11 11 -4 Cltr1tt1th t I h ba4. Qpel tor .,. 1 11 5. p 16 t t t t t Irt e .... lB. s pr ab tlat thought tmt 1 an4 .t lane, 'b t:o w lleot ton ot to.-aale, 41 p l'a, and otbtr a ain loan o or at 1 t crl4 -....,ee.t ............... P 336

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lt 1 t 9'78 t 1'1 hbl t, c pe lin 1n 190 .. t1 1 reel I

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979 1 o antag<.1Md by th to; r' 1 at1o 4 ten of Synge's Plazboz. !mar OtDtlft'y; te n oX rma nd Gear Ru ell,. as well a Yeat ato b e. oDutty reotly 1n !._ .......,.;.........,.-.-;;;..oiiij;i ...... tb;y 1nd1 de . t Dublin Oorporat1oo .. to bu d a nlo pal r a oll otton ot pte "" ott d b7 a publ1o-ap1r1 e olt1aen on 1nc 1bly allly grounds 1nol 4 1ng the pl dY c d by 8ome tho o bly aonstol"t b op ... pNI801' ot tbe poor 1 t t 0 lo a t r slums 1n th city it h no r1 t to wae t o y rt.a t oe of fJ1 follow --A y t 8S &1-Kl 11 has b en :na wa a4y to 1 ap to the defenae not only ot Synge, w h o s a p ra -l: . J..rJeDd but ot n 11Jc W ,B. Yeats and Jiugh ten w n 4 heret io or 'angl1c1aera t by ler1cal. b1 ot!"J 4 t z alot ot 1nn e1n When Yeat Ooll or appeared lh the winter ot 1908-1909 Brayden, tlie ealEor Qt' th ree n Jou 1 nt 4 to a tor a hoet1le reY1 c enn malate! on d o1n t reY1ew, and wrote 1n 4 t anoe or hu 41 tort a long a loqu t deten ot Y at poetry aga1nat t then ourr nt c rge that it was 'obcu 'aft ct d, 4 'tUlIrleh ' T rov1 ..,oked a lett r of praia rrom tbe dying S)'llge s 4 not ch to '1 b t Len although h18 .Au1;o-. blograp:tw tella that LAdy OJ'e ,gor,- hu band wa "a rut e ot t gllah llatio 1 ller,-," but atta.oked s .s.nn in avas lys politS.cal elaea 1n I l 4 .... tbe low r .. 1d4le class --t pat rio tic asaoo1at lo a hav drawn th 1r j oumal-1 t and their le adera for the lat ten y as-s ....... mv euttered throug o lt1Ya 1o of bat 4 tbe on rg or their mn'IIJ'AWrAnt. pr1 tlOn Wh10h 18 t intellectual qu1valent rtaln sur 1cal operation. nee hl'llln sa or their 't c t late all or at 1ve p r as th un1ohs il Don an aa h paees t ough H 11 on the whit

PAGE 210

980 He ven regrett 4 t t h had e r "t lt th in.flue"'e of Young 1 Ireland and mad DOd at pzoopo 1 to th e journalists wh be oonaldered be hia toea 1 arlra or the llc Le nor th 1nduatr1al1am nor Blml t aoka upon t Irlah Party, t o"'11ii illiot ions y t 1n the wo 0 ot Synge, of o Gt47, ot L1on 1 Johnson, in Jtt7 own work hool of journal! w1tb. 1 la ooald t1nd rl t 1141n t rial to e te a htat leal and 11teraJT nat1onal1 po rt\11 as t ol nobler. -t do t y OCNld bl people lov and not te .s Dec1dedJ.7 .. t Sinn Fe1n1 uthor ot CatJ9! n !!! oullhan d with S1nn eln 4 the I.B.B. s ln and tlw I. .a. muat not be paaae4 o r. 3 l 07 erbapa n betor t d ath ot John o the lattft%' llnlta bet Ua bAnnra P.S. O ' bdUtration. a renlt, t were 7 two a T Clat-e, 1ctael O'Banraban (Ill 1 on C annt, Bulm r Hobson T aaaoolat 1ona or oD1a and 0 nnt with Sian eln ha already been 4e crib dJ 6 an4 Pear N 7 alao have both as o ont rlbut ora to Gr1tf'1\h'a per an4 PN nt t t inauguration ot t 8 t1onal C n 11. obam, obebly, na reapcm tbl tor the ar9 t111atlon Belfast gl"Cilp in which be lnt reat d with Sinn 1. w Y. at Au oblo.&"W p. 403. a. jblg P ss. s. P '1. -' PP l' J.&. s s. o olaln, Conatance rk1ev1cz; pp. 1'76-181. 6 See pp. ,, 7 8 e PP 973. J a Se PP 972-973. / 9. See pp. 88'.

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t K1o k 0 llt1 al na ,.s. 414 not 1. 2. :5 s. 6 .,,. t 8 81 cat 1aat1cm abq OOD of ob ot tbat '' 1D) t 1 1e h dh Jl o tar llOJ' thea p J repo in 8 1n 1913. the 11t1 1 soeat.p 6 1 t,-le." OJ'l.ttU;h were ot pow t; 11oate4 by tbe lett r1a Ir1ah la 1a o rne4, u1 u Nl o ot Sinn ln ot wh1oh h.

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9 41 0 er XIX ln o t 0 t lrat 0 nt in. 0 In t t 1 4 1 t Ir1ah an be at 7 ot ob. '1 1 Irlh th 0 t t l t S.o 11t r f. 1n atl a 4

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983 b .on th ol a tale. a frto tbe 1 obulaian C leJ 1 1 OfHUtPaltum. s T. 010ealla. taaka tor Oa 0 t Ol 1 to au -n, -... .. ...-o # J 1no x. alao tl bat 1 S..t t 'htin1t7 0 l l1o ed1tOJ'1al were 418-PO'fe z. with 1a not nr, 1 u nt anti RJ'ef .. tl11: 1f1 1t1 t 1-1ah eoholara. 1 a4d1t10ft 0' ill Geo1'i Ole 7 7 re P tat, otl tbat 7 o t the Ir1ah l.Qgua rS. r o tu.n d "not cUHot 1 ntrolle4 b7 t Oael1o Iea e, but 1nt t

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984 connected w1th the el1o ave nt. fran 1nent exp ta ot phy 1c 1 roroe ret Roger Oa Oola o Lochlatnn, lie as oo t d 1th the e ohool illig Eoin t, L1 tt, Th lr ae oDonagh, lo t l. B d the lio Le W&. S Ob latter' auoo 1\ll rug le to t Irlah stud nt at t oand ry aoboole t h t1oaal 1nta1ned b7 th Chr1 tlan J'Otbera w re rep or 4 d P P a St Enda t 8 na a-cribed 1n a etail. P 'a act1Ylti a as t founder of the ohool re t1r t o tlin and t n o D gb s 1nt ro6l oed th& 0 t Pe e 1 11t racy n r of,. ea t rr. In conn ctlon with 1n oh pter XVIII t t nthus1 am fo'l' tb& tnt 1 4 7 be eb.ool xp a d b7 B at 4 h J. oarad7 Doo las lf1d Ste nand o1n at tt 1t n 4 t t rs. ot t tourt e n outed 1n Dub ltn or t lr part in t 1916 riatn r clo ely as oo e4 lt t t 8 t P R arae, 11 P Th ar oDmagh, C Ool s Heu on cD agh r c 1 ve4 additional at-tent ton b o u .. brO'Ugb t h obool and b1a work a pert editor ot _......, .. .. ..,.....,..,,he on frlatdl t r with such outstmdlng Ir1ah au o a W. .. Y at a, a 1o Col 1 J & tepb ns Edw rd rtyn Jo ph ary Plunkett.. T tbi e de t d to t tlon ot he cUaouselon ot t Oael1o Lea gu growth ot Fen1a 1 1n 1t after 1907. Th1a owth waa tud1ed bJ alyun tbe 1 .yapath1 a ot o rta1n prominent

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985 1 0 r a o p rt o,t 0 pt r :XIX, att nt on a 'ir oted to 0 die n na n'-'-'IIJWA:.IU.l da Stnn e1n. to r wa br fl7 ho b lieved that t I .. 0 t 0 o r ot rwi it w a Yery ch 11k t 1 gu Ita w r Wlll d oonne d bur Gr1tf1t B Y at or 11, P .R. l'S nd 0 onnoll al o took 1nt rent in 1t e1n" barn f> f c '-\lUIIIWU 1. In 41 c 1ng t r 1t and ceatey t1rat o 1v d atte ionJ next, it to with fin 11 1 t '!he 1 1ta r not 4;1n t \bl.r plae lta gh nd ion of t I B. ln o it dlaeo eta rep ot ae1t-rel1anee plu iat e aa dert .. d fro B ar7 w 7 ot rloa 1Ve N d blah source Curiously u tb P'f e or1s1 ll'J uaed bJ rloan or nlzatlo 0 the Dd, ooo 11 had t Yored p lYe realata e th rtrat ration ot en1 nl d eMour ge4 eltr 11anoe. T e dlat source or Sl C ann na aedheal. 'the at to al Couno11, wb1oh adopted the pro raa of S11Ul Fein, eatablla d 1 1 05. Dele ate to the first et1n included Arthur Gr1tt1th, P T D 17, P B P r e, Pe dar O'Ce rna1gh, Ollyer st. Jo Go art7 d Mio el 01 a &han ul r Hobson. e nd B Olm Oe eo to jo1a the new nt a 1Dd d 1t waa thro Sinn eill that oD1araa4a wa brou. t lnto the I . B C t was ea otally noticed a q>tOae4

PAGE 216

to 8 1 Pe1n' poll 7 the :rre'lb ot S1u Fein w1 th the R4Hiaoad1 t s and Hugh Lane were ou 11n.ct brt fl7J and it wa noted that t R dmondltes aought, pePbape 1 1o1ouel.y to ict n:ttt'J liLft Pea with the enla.n1 The ., w1 th liugh Lane 41 oover d t o haw arra7ed LadJ GN&017, w B Yeat George ore, r 01Dutt71 Mao a ud G Rue ell aaa1n t A,-tbuP GPU'ttth and hl o1:rol Yet at th1 t1 t I n.a. beg1an1118 to 1ntlltrate 1ato 1JUl Peine 'l 01aPlce1 tohael o B rahan n JlaoD 1 a a, Oea 1 r Bob o 11, O t pl'tJ' Cl P H Peap e a.lthoup tbe7 oould ot otrol Arihu.11 Orlttlth, oould a 4!4 wo k to o tent tme P and til ia the dlOt!.on which tMJ

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0 XX T w s RB LLIO D IRISH RBV laO p r XIX t or 1aat1on oh toumtly .tto b Irlab 1 n a tnt1ltr t d tbe I .B. 1'1 Int a nt pt r oo1 1 non na ot t t r 41 al, will be d.1aoua t belllon and 111 an oipat1 of wo n, tt In I 1 o oo extricably ol d w1 t1 11 o S.n tl te th1 social p e11e t .ubjeot tter will d1Y14 al c -l l1nea 1n o t r r a tu t, a rller Iriah w n or1 tl a will be n J aeocn4, In bin1dha bB1 wl.ll dlaOUI dJ t 4 Le 111 be om-dJ w111 b ntloJd. Jo De'l wl a ole ba lat r lch w a tt:flt c1. 1D Ohio 1n 1 "t flrat or n1 1 n o a lar le tar poUt1 al p\lrpOa 1n 9

PAGE 218

1 t h11tor'7 of ld. In l at1ier t as-at ot the 1n Still 1880, to t Po t lar ln tba dl s. 4, dSJ 0 o Le '1!1 ocm.o a.lt.et 0 ttee wh!ch wae t up 8 t In el"D 1 1 T t earl et or-all7 !a ux111ar1es. tie an n st in w a .. 1 lc>n" to the tollo lt 1' it 1a ot 1 at Da" d ' whioh 4. it .,. p rallel g tbat 10 t n Patrl'1o }'ear lat r, ian t t Oune4 !n Dublln an4 t b qu t in t th 1" pareclt .,r a n 4a rn, P a Janu 1 1 1878, P 4

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88 1 clrla wbo t h4 4 it 0 t n h1t t a earlS.at 7 4 :0 ot1 orlbina 1 1 1 1,Kll n" 41eoue s lda h1a th c 1tt Be wrot 1J114he or 1 pro lreann a a be n out

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1n hle t t. 1 lnt 0 1. de .. ... HoetUl llt.e 1:a nate 1 t t o tal' s.. o l -7, editor t ot t eo 1Ylt14te cJftUIIA* Q. .. IIOilL. 1 ot41adt t jOQ al. It tl liet l 4 h et o era vlalt n Vlo-6 torial to Dublb In a le ter to t e IT!!! wh!oh a 1. J. a. s. s. IrS.llwc:lii:D8n I.e t w .,;;;o;;;;,;;...,.. ...,.........,..., July 1, PP U9.

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prin d on J lin e it. l t tollowln All t t. ., 1936, 1 a aol I I 1 1 ev1 ntl7 t t10ft t o Jo1n \;:() t d to DQ:ltn t VI u _lon t 0 4eJ. 1 t t 0 k 7 1v 0 to J l

PAGE 222

or ot Publ at d t nt P r as1on1 S..on to 1 t t r Du.b11n c _tl. VII a 4 ill r A 1 s. t li'S..h a o avol4 1t. 0 olnth 1 l'1 t t 01 1 . b O a lao al b 4 41 JllONl 1n 1t VIIJIV.i t So-tO lbb. JaOl
PAGE 223

lo 1 A o 1 t 1rl 1A 4 t 1 1. s or rt4 5 'P 1 t 0 11, t J.onal O owiCd.l, t'o d I y I ... 4a t .. pt .. 9, l9 p.a. P

PAGE 224

ot be l 99 up t r t tlon or a an aa1cmt ........... a.&. -1n to olle t 4 n!a o I 1 cbarao-1 r t 1nD Sn den'IICJIUit alle. 4 hoe 111 oaa1 ot be tile to ins Y.t.tt or VII 1n 1 o eln a a:t.o e #hi Up 0 po n wb1 h InglnS. be to -tteot iDD t :rd t S.t1 t t l4 aa1d ab""t j 1 whl b. t pqblia l olen 1n a 19 ta r, pa tla and tblsed wl' h 1" ttorta re

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Rog r Oaa nt a contr1but d, a 994 cia She hy-5 1dl 1 or tho who In p1te of 1n xper1ertce --or p mapa o e of it ao ot tbe beat wr!t ra 1n Ir land contributed t ir early and tin at wo to our colwm J ne wr te his poe -r ft d ired ua 11 p r tbe o.t oo plet aa1o or t 1 1 1n poet1'7, t la t .tans and, 1n tact,. arl7 all ot it, appl71ng to th t1on a ellt -e rat till, I I not you, and wlll, oret hey w, ec. t unreao d nd untouc d, not aubject to yo t Apart tro hie, Plunk tt, oDonagh, Pear Connolly, nd othera, u ot t 1r beat w k.2 1U. w1th Connolly o ugh t s ..,.,....,.rp .. which he edited 1n erie a nd liked it ao much t t abe urged b1 to return to Dublin. Yet moth r contributor, Anna Pam 11, he et w n t be latt r brought Ied1e X.nd LeaF to publlah." r "her L 6 D D -!!ann o year the b-1 C1t1en, or w a laun hed. 1a: shift at nt1on to tb s d to t r'te a x1at 1n 1912 but 1n t Irish W o 'a ran o h e League,. a oo v 1 t point at wh1oh to nbatlon. Tbe Ir1a h .;;...;.;.....,.-.:::--..-. .-...-.,;;;;;,g,_;;;.. Ev n as Irla .A ri an 1Dt r t 1n w ' u.trra d followed th to t1on of t en1an Slat rhood. ao 1n Irelmd an Irish oan a to toll bE!.reann. And 1n tbe enau1ng oonslder tion of the Ir1ah auttra1. Pox. 2. 3 5. s r h, 1 12 p. 1.

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ge tea f1 t nt 4 1r be dj It J th nola d olnt w1ll b w h tbeJ nt of Ir 1 Jo o tbelr at t J In it he I' t a J'l1'l at 996 o1 s le r : o nd thlrd., th 1'1' 11. ret n Ir1ah t 18 d t bJ or t wlll p -th1 I" will lit r ey 1 1 1 ole mt t both trS. aly t with Legu J so th :bee}Q' who J .. J 1oular int t atu.-o1' hia l oy with J a 7 be t ced k lia ct ora a P.l.o s J A a 4 tbt Irleh Lit Nl'Y Th t tor r laxing ita rt c1 bet s r 1a11 wl :r1 '1 t tl.a t d bll1tat1n but 1n 1 t 4 t t t Jo:rt J 1 r lth ju and a -1Dterpretat1o 8 p d1ot d t h1stoP1

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t 0 t Pe t ta p la t t w 1 8Cl'1pt1 v. e. lo. 1 t t o f r '1 J a r1 w1 1ft 9 6 a t rt1t 1 t 1 t 1 t t lea 1 t-t tJnS.. 1o m 14 7 be la t r o o-t 1n t')rn e t laet btto r o 1 d 10

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99'1 acCann to a ak with fluent en r ot the T ar s r script, of t ad, o1' ral d1 a ent. arbitration 1n a -of int at ion 1 a put a, of t 1gna of th times ot the n hW.-nity a the new o pel of lit w oh would ke it the buaineaa of the oo 1ty to ae ur a ply aa poaa1ble t .great. t po 1bl pp1n s of tbe e te t poa ibl n r I Sketfln an ( aoC ) pres J e (Dect.lus) to sign a 2 "p t1t1on tor n1 peaoeJ t t latt r w s not -t re ted a 4 xpre 4 doubt to tbe a:lno r1ty b Oa r ot Rue s s 1awho Ql ot t al tor One are deaor1pt 1on ot tf1ngton yb tnn !'lb I lt cie h1 t.n a shoot 1ng t 41ng 1n ot cOannJ and w h a aquat tlgure t d bre.a n wlth tair g te 4 at opklna' corner, and be n\ h1m '1 J -Dedal yO'the an t1aoo 1al b 1 ,. wr p d p 1n yoo:ra lf. l' not. I'' a de oorat& and I'll or aot tor eoc1al 11 -quaUt7 a ong all claaa and xea 1n t Un1 ted Sta ot bl rop of t b ruture. 4 t r Y he ura. or sntt1ngton' 1dea11 (h1 rather 4 5 ior Ina, otor or t tional a 1o Board). n a S 1 2 3 6 6 pe!l pe 1 r1 t 4 er J :'! P tur d country 1

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( n 1 h u: d to t llk tt eel tM to 1on land Sn 1903 lt tttn on' h1a op'io a14 ot b7 10 of 998 14 .. J 10 ordi to JO'JC ' latter' 1 "tor aou h tb.") It be aA t 11t" nd1 p bl7, t he w tal an Poll 1011 1cm 1n f iJ!I in tort be. n I' p .. l h7-B ... ap lb or I .,. n rpr1a to hi 4 0 1a. ot IrS.h l s.n 1.9()6 t elt 0 .,, 111 bl r ph:J or at 4 la tO'l' t gt wY Yltt1a

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or s at a a aut tor t a 1 d, 1 allt; ot l" Kit 11, grioul 1. e :5 ... s e 7. a 10. t 9 t a .'q 2 'V1a1 4 t1-1t1 w lnl 1 It 7 al o on, -.Jtou11ott, o b aa authorl'J Ip1 b Ia1'l4 r ln hloh wit 1n bat1on Davltt. 1a La JJIIJXtlinS a.liiOniRNtlon 1n t 8 Pa sul t s e 1D Dublin at t h1e t 11' 1aatlon oc 1n bto 230 2 P e1:s. Ir1 P

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'l'o j t o,., H e r, t Ir1ah n' o na 4 a vS..1t 8 Lib hle c 6. 1 ort t rred to r la at.4 1000 r4 Shaw a oo1atod with the t t of' er tbar 1 d hl wlte ppl1 tor oltl hlp 1n E1 t t ra. a a tlv It a bel" 1n D\tblln 1 1 1nte at w tor t d t ated bl1 n t llltn a lauDobed be ....... _._ en. I .a. a. ald wh1o 1 o xt 1n t p I .B. t oppo 1tt.o l1\ tr Obi otn Sal 6 t tte ot 1eh 8 to Fenian or 1t f1rat Ptte organ,& 10 -122, 149 .o;;;,;.;;::;,::;;,:;:;;;; .;.;..;:..;;:.,... , Jul7 29,1936, p. 7 ..-..;.....-.......,;o,;;;,;;;;...,... une l5.1912,p.l r'V'elllbe1", 1914. p a

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11e art. ul a me r 1 n la llea la ' J In 1 t ,..., t t 7' till 1001 r le ot 1 n I o J.a. t 1, 0 S.r wrl .. 1 .. t 11 1 o t out l 1 ba n pp ....... t n hip ot1 a r 1)811D84 l t 1n up a1nJt t n. t r 0 pl ote Sal na r t I at ill 3' to1 el ro.nt le. lora, le 1naJ.l7, 1

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WOilml t lin. 1 1 _, .. A"_ .. .. un l -lll'lA lor 7 1 )A 0 1n "'""'1 ... 11, a Owuw .. 17 4 7 0 t 11 , to

PAGE 234

1003 tbe 0 ottbe 1 8 b no r1t 1n r t Sklnn1 .. bl s Ola I lioe Stoptord 1 tbe Ae t ot t n 1 r1o4 etter 1916 1t 4 o.er with t () rYatl 1 ev14en ot t not l' 5 ot ot 111o in I rut a the u ot it t tor ot 'lo 0 o1t1c, both note d1tor bo CXl contributed t o ot 1ta ot the 1 1 r1a1n T rollcnr1n 4 eor1 t1on o into tour oblet or rt t iJt t t r BN:ntn o t aodern r1eh lit contributor ltt 1 1 2 3 5 6 1'7 Pl 1 1 tt, 0 divil ed 1t t 6 will b d1 t 18 d 1n tS.g t

PAGE 235

'l'hlrd -1t. lit elon ot t p t ad pea 0 1n h wr1tt 1006 81 ic o wlll p .. 1th h rl w1ll b 1 n lo d bJ d1so 1n it. nt1 finally publication. e lt tlr t ap - 1911 lo Ool o its towlG.eJ' be 1no t1on ot t ad. 1n h1 1nt -t1on to anthol ot t ot tour t nwbo cute-r r ir part 1n tbe ho 1 to ta:rt Pttot 8 2 or Bou t1 1 Un1 l' 1 to bav be d1 or .. to whic t rred. At toll 0 1n 18 tor J 11. 1 131 Ir1ah leot 4 t 1n lo te l. e . 6 n or be "oht or n t the 4 1 1&-.,, r n 1 nee a 11 t ent1 d CC1'1tr1butor o a tion enjore4 b7 1 t Geor lr1 h R v w, lrlah o t i d e J o k t

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1005 t BoJ'd Jo ph Oa"""'-11, R er Oa----J t c onnoll.y, Dun 7, Jolm glln on, Dar 11 1 011 r st. Jobn G rt7, Artlmr G1'1tf1th1 DCNgla Hyd 11 Law , 1n1tr.d M Letts, id ard 2-tJn, Rut x-tord yne, :uno M an t Mltohel, Gear M 0 D 1 otDcmo . . 1 B r 0 t ty 1 St 1 J o 117, G Pe l" cia bet b7S ttl ton, nnab s by s t lngt K a t 7D j aptaln J.R. hlt Ella YGlUl '1' to appe under o o pt. 1on AUTB J er t d .ing I s t 1 c1t A 1el H o Augulltua Jom, c as. r 1111 0 at lla Sol. s Jao B Yeat s d Jo B Y ats. In v1 ot tb1 ::um'lOII .itt 11at ot oont rlbu tor rtl t1on ot t contents o t ..................... on add d 1 1t1o oc 1ngly, t 1n the Dublin pol1t1oa 1 lit Ntur and ad rtl 1n g which appta t1 r1od1Gal b .!L i oMztioa a p olitic l a t point ........,......., ....... ;;;..--..., 1nt t oauae ot it. gn al t n 1t1on rr poa1t1on a .. t t1o to tbe lul labor attl de. Tb.l pe r da e t to a p:ro publlo. an4 pro Oolwra w editor, t to1low1 ap-ian to t 1nt 1 -y l 12,. 1ns1d co r t

PAGE 237

10 19 3, Plunk tt b t In clo to t 1-. ottloJal 111 1 point or lew a 1 oun l t lt. "rt 1n rt at lea fOr' ttt; ,. n ion*' a ThS. poll 1 al a ion can tr oed 1n t oo tr1but tlr t, t to a b8 arl1 p t J 0 leb laa r Sn Pas-11 nt lty of Or t for t d wh1c to to ald, rtlole trle tow rd. t Seve tb t r t 19121 rt ur stt1t 1e artiol 11 d o t par t1at ce t w h SOh tr 1 whio :re 1 at t t t 1th1n t nd t S.rd th n lea t u 1 r .,, te r (0 non nna ) a le 11 t n P rl1a-nt. ut clare 1 *It tb1a 8 4J 1V 4 U o D s 1 3 s A rS.a ot a 5 cb oont1nu_ 1n J\\17 X r D. l. at. T 7 93-4J P J

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100'7 itt 8 Ruler. In J rr, 1913, o pt 1n J Whit roe dell red Sn Lcmdon a a 1.. 11 ture or t Ir1 1nt 8 atanta 1n fa rotH le Col re le a "leo-" s baequ ntly, rl -t, rt 8 b t 1 p O'Pr.rr'a t are leet rellgl hould eufter by Irlah arl1 Ol' n .1aa 1o.n of the eduoat l 1 qt b t. we l sa. t1on u p a rt1cul r l 1nt r 1 a peot or 1ah 2 1'1 w 'tl'hioh w 71 be n aesoo Ja d w1th poll 1 o 1n I land. Tim 1ohael Davitt wrot ot Ieaac tia UD t o (18'15) st ed as on wili_ tbom Ir1 h queat1on Be a aooep;ed by t Oathol1o h raro}Q" a t rl1a-rta:rr exp nt ot the o t hollc 4 n4e on Ir h unlv r eit7 ectuoat 1011.4 L 14 no 1nere t t1on. It bU da oont r1but ton "T ont or1 tb and 0 r, by 011 r St. Jo Go rty, S.Oal wpeot1on School a 1 n A 1 Butt, riod1 o l townd pol1tS.Oal (6 1n d41t10D to t t editor d f ar which l. 2 nt1 d 1il t eo ph, t w oth are n s

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1n th1 a T o 1n how lobtes det at at tb1 7outh tor 1t1 tioa lla t at au oona1 eraU T s 3. t be 10 ot1o f1 ed tr 1n l al:N bJ ot ote QO, 1ntlroctuo ot 11 t Oh t -Ir 0 "' tt r t n .. f lt t r1eh sa11a and la Ooc.\t 0 r1 ted to 1 oe.lt1o las 1not 11' l t

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h1 etu4fm k! 1 ol 1 1 ooa e tlon Uni 1009 to o ao w t al t tn Iruh ws. h al o, 1t 1ng ot tl-ve 1 Tb a t r 1 by t , 2 tt d qu te 1n p tlon. coneSde 4 ult r1or 1o or not 1,-wa 1t gb ita t 111a:r to 1nitt ruct or t t onn d.e V le po aide 1. 5. 6 7. a Reto not bol4 the I:rleb P r 11 bat S.C 1 dj t s 1 rl In 10 11 7 nd v.41Jmmr 1918, ttn Phll11 wrote in a rmer oaloulat to ap1 t r t n ul In 71 l: 1, lie topf'o o en, Ide 1 1n Bduo t1on. 1914 Pebru ey, roh, 1913.

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010 Dou la t ot r 1 e4 a pos-t I lam "in wh1 t 1r Ro r c._ Dvn.t Dia riot or1tlo ud nd -1ab 1 r 1n P rlla nt. re ot d 1ndl ot.lJ' 1 1t at 11. 1n the t 18 t .. 1oua pron 1o d to l o to l'd dth p au A.J'Itlole or1n o!14&-nt 1n lr1ah Pol1t 1aa T o t ot oo tr1bllt1ona ot a pol1 10 1 n tun wblo appe red 1n .-I....,.. Miilolioliiiliioilliio re h ttl to t Irlah F rliant %"1 lea n-. ut lt7 ot work1n tor t Ir1eh o within the n1 e4 ltln rt a1n nd I la or tnl.a tu I -rtl1ole a Wl1 b t v d zt ndlnt tra o a tow a ed w1 h t Ir1 vn dan to the tatu a quo ot Ir1 pol1 tic a tin oyd J\4 ey c1 et 1ng n t o pl. o ott Irish P rl1 n 17 P r y t1on to ply o t 1 1 -1. A. a J 3 s. Se ..

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lOll re ders ot Geor ocre' "discovery that liter ture and do 1 are inoo t1ble." ooused the H Rule P rty of reapona1-b111t,-tor do incompatibl with "national 11f and praised Sinn Petn,. the Ir1ah Agricultural Org 1zat1on Society and Iriah Worlc8 r, org of th Iri.ah labor ove nt beo use they tend d to replace do with a w ol1tioal phil opey. Accordingly, 2 V' called tor a ne politic 1 party bas pon the of tba H Rul party to oyd y e s d 0 but hi strictu e by on who r plied on Irish lit r ture are worth r produc1ng in rt. Insisting "taat certain at poets lso gre t b 1 1 v rs 1n dogma, Clu*lt1 n or oth rw1 this writ r liP e of "our own Irish lite todq am it "school ot National Liter ture": But w should like to know whetb8r Mr. Moore or Mr .. Boyd oon 1 ers there 1e 1n existence a genuine aohool of N t1onal Lit r ture 1n Ir 1 d, or liJ 1a th liter t re cL r. Y at AE, Seuas O'Sullivan, Ctd many oth rs to be regarded a blighted, or, perhaps 1 as not Hat1 onal? There is 1ther a eohool of National Literature or not. If 1t flourished 1n r. Y eta, and ot r, then Mr. Moore and h1,tr1end are, to put it gently, unh1ator1c. s Sh ehy ... Skett1ngton 1 o favored t to t1on or a new rt An amusing 1llus t1o of hia nt1c pit llat le n1nga y b e n 1n boo k rev1 loh ppeared 1n January, 1913. In fud ent upon a ulogistio b1ogr phy' of a h1pbu1ld r the or1t1c wrot t 8Tw1oe thi lt t s litera ture. F1 t 1n t e intro et1 on,. by Sir Hor o Plunkett, at tbe beg1nningJ 4 1n 1n th letter, by 81r Horae Plunk tt, at th end. 1 E A Boyd,. Do t1 1n Iruh Lite, Irish July, 191S, p .239. 2, Ibid,, P 244. :3. T.'T; Littl rieb Hi t y and Do@}lla Iri h Review, Septe ber, 1913, PPt 369-?0. 4 Ir1 h R vi w, J nuary, 1913, p. 615

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1012 In tot t It-1 h aoa I !.I 1 o 11 t at. ot b1o 4tora t I be 1tS. t t h S4 To o o S4 t e 1n 0 1 wl: h n b Sd,r. 7 not1De4 In n ltl t nt, o to be aut ot -1 ubl1 I

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1011 rr.a. a o tour h 1 I 0 1 Jlo ,, p 216. :s 6 PP 24 3. 7 la J\tl:s' 9 t clrlg p 44

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'l' 1n 0 UlS A ...... ......, 1 d nt en "" cbolu d j lOU r oo tri /( 1te e "1 IU'ning utlwrlttea T 1t o phs 1n ........ iioiiiioii!..-. illhl -.;.a.u.:ell 1 ll .." 10 o h1 print 1-1 CJ wbioh xlat l.n bit t "fhlt t vrl a U.t et l 1 " ltU, to 11ab. 4 1,. 1n ........ ......,.oiliiiiliiiioliiiol' M 7t l91S, P 15 -sao.

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lett I' to at wo wlth p 1oal att 1r b 11 not r1 ul 1nn with a re 1016 tlo l L1b 1 h nt'a tr1 nd clent t lt, .tor avWAK to o h t t 1t 1a too I deapls aaaoolat 4 er lar ot obl1qu a t H Ullln6111K1 in Sne, O.J'' 1'7 en,. t nt a to bow how I .land n a t Spaniard l. e. ught a. land w n 0 tb1 El1eab th 4 teared 1 t t nav l b J d t t lfolt Ton twd atrat g1o 1f!111 1 c u t p nch

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1016 apo n o d t n oesa ry ...., to but na c t v can aeo\lN a vla h1 ot erln in In Jul 1913., Oaa Y'i.AOL-d 1n .............. xt r, Voo t. 1 up Ge ap to e u or land T lole 0 lJJI l to lk ? 1 1 t s 4 ott n4 t n be I.R.s. 6 l't\1,." Oa l! con nt1o t land' lnt tu 1 t t t t1on in t er, t Ire ot e b7 .... tn'!!Yt'r 't7 d t a v1oto r t e t tbe d poe1 How apt to

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101'7 and with o on aa _nt erected into a n utral1aed, 1nde .. pe d nt Europe n te und r intern 1on 1 gua nt n 1n4epend nt Ireland wo.J.ld, ot 1taelt, b no thl' at or urt to anJ rop n tnt t. On t oont a t e or Ireland n Atunt 1o Holland, a marit lg1WD., would be an et of t r t1o to op o tht o t t ally taYou d ot European 1al nda tbat a P oe Co grea hould, 1n t n, gl d tor t1ty at the in t oe of a v1-otor1oua ue1t-many 1 c In 1914, art11)1 s aign 1nd Ship" o Atl t1o 0 P nl n oh1 t, o.a. Dor 1r 1 t to d r at t atte pt ot out ot t pr 1no1p 1 rop n rio Aid xpound_ 1n aeries or r1o n en nt1tled Fro "Coffin s tw nty 7eara earl1er t ......,,;;,;;;,h;.; ot-ld to reque t -.1a Q.ue natown" and s to drop Ireland detr nt ot W1'1tt 11 to I 11 h e 11 ro te, 3 rs n4 work1n ola e '1' dan r which Dor n tou ht Y rt d t po:rar1ly. In 1914 h1 da r ap a 4. The tl t Eng11ah ahlpp g ic 1 1rh1cb Irt rt1 lerly t alt by tr ep-ortSns 1ah rtiol 1nd1c ted ao ot t White Star Ltnes d d o1d d 5 yet, at the s. 6. t b ..g. A rl n" .. ote out lin d ar Cunard 0 p Y .. d xed 1so A ric The a eo om re on 1t' t Cunard and J' to atop 1n Qu natown and v nt the burg... r1ka !!!!, Ir 1ah I aue pril s, 1893, p 5 ru.ry. 1914. pp. 609-

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L1n tr larly anno t t t t It 1018 art ric .r qulr t1an r4 lla n 1 d 'tole 1 Ireland. Tbia s-rt1cu-Ul t n ll t with 1J' eaela to oall at 2 to l'1 la 8 ou dot hav1n t t h ot .talth 1n allo. n the t b1p o violate ita "d etl pled " Por not onl ha t Po tal OCil n 1o ot 19 3, lo ln'Yolv d t le bet a lola t 1t o n r rq allla 1t 1n db r 4 1no l 1on, an unapeo1t oorltioal Just t aought to o rlo 88 v . pp. 7 a pJ'll 1914, PP Unit d Stat at7 ot G nt o 181" 1 d tJn1 St t not 1 1ru 1gn power 1ret lnv d to

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lOle 11'.1n to tnc.t 1th1n t a tol'C ao rope 1 led and m ai: la 1 H barriete the al"blola ot political nat h .. t 1at 1D ..,.III"'A 4 117 b .. tlv ot t 4 old dly 1D 191 1 .. 2 0 l: dt rot tbe t1 publioan aot1 4 ributed orl ot tbe proo tlo ott pr publ1 1 nolq., 0 5 0 ater T 001' r of r appe r 1 tr1k r or t o r, 1g131 J e o p Pl P. Pears be Un will -or1 7 con' he tltth, r o a on rlbut 4 t17 to at leaat t pe t P rbap a tM oolat wi h 19 a1gn1t1-At &Jl7 rat 1t n be 1v14t d into p0et17 and pro Poetry Ir1 hand

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t 1 r ate 0 C ll TbODIIIUI Y r1n Ot 11 r blln 1 0 Uh 1020 tr1 ti 3 r 1D. 11 1 D pb. lunk 0 lll 1 l.n t I P.R., Ol laan p rae. o r g 'f'be J pb w.s. 6 tt o1bh1n ) 1n fiSll 7 o pl_ o

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1021 In Janu JSlS, o o1bhln Aol pl1 4 1n t loh ocnt t 'Z ta' pr e n h k ot patr1ot111 to Juat lr1 1111 4 poe 1n I 1ah and 2 o it pu Us. proa ln 4 1n nob t o o t. Irish p e trr1t b7 ,. .... o Oona1re, tt 1 !lloh," an P dra1o o ) 7 b o1te4 a ot the c tr:lbut1 t 1n e ott t 1 h 4 in au.bj t r fro an 7 upon re-attor. tat1on 7 Jobn t tbe YS4d18h ot I Qll to b l 1o b7 tta:r:mah Be nslatd 7 Po t 8 around nv 1 o tr1but1ona wlll r o or1t1o1 and 1n a 1 s. s. 'i7 I 1913. P 561. . . b, 1913. PP 26J 19l.a PP 135.8: 1913, pp. 133-188 t 1Ql4:. pp, 248. 0 1' I 12, PP 06-511. PP oo -ern.

PAGE 253

1 0 t 0 t r con -1der bl 1n tn t at laJ b7 l 1te .llf Jo o 11* lt r ..... B r o natt'J, Yarioue a T t also o ts ot ta 1n Oot b7 wit 11 Crlt101 ot '1 nala.Nble dl'a t r r. 1912. t c ott 1lA lon ot a 1tl. plaJ to y led 7 a 9 p on Pla t1o ottltiola It r1t1o1 plqe., r v ot 'J't ot 6 t 4 1 r, d at n earlr dat a ot d.t n 4 pr o- .. 9 al t

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10 3 t t .. 1 t:i plaJ' t at t t t u c1t1 or t vle 1 t l s rlodl ale ot 1 0 ltl 1 lie ot Ccunt X' ' 1912. c to l' rio a1 1at1 t 0 7 1 1t1o1 1 ftCZJ" lb ' 7!'1 .1N c l a to t 8 b h ita -" t 610. v 6

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00 d b J Ole B. y ts on T a ot U l er t blo at ot lt. NplJ eo 1 of 1 ot t vlew r a a t t I r 10 0 J r tb o lon1 0 b In 1 eaori 4 ln &l ns t 0 .a1De De b y rri t I nt 4 an rtlo t ot It'ele lth in to p-In all t11at r, t outra poat r1tJ la In l. Jul7, 1 3 P 2'10 2. s. ... gaaine Ir1 ., 1912,

PAGE 256

t t to h1 l n)' 1n Deo In ol b tient en , r, w.r. tly In Jqan, 1lluat t bfJ t t that 1 025 tbe G d1 or too It 3 ot t 0 h t 'Le.a r'" Up sin h1 le, too 'lu L,nd, ba4 t (D.P. t t ". 1n 4 len ond ter h lik t., ot ltln' :.::::=:::= a title MVt. prtl, 913, n 1n 1. s s 6 o. t a G.l.ta!!J!l.J, whioh bad 8 -IN.o\oa e4. o cmtba let r 1

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102 1 new 41tl n ot y, 1 p d rr-s o 1 t ot 1n Au at, p 4 1a Ool t ot Ol1v r tb a ll r 1v t t to 'bring t ' linQ 1 hIre t d =-' d lJ7T ocu bOtb p t ot 11'lt 1 h t x-. a -c-D 1 b7 a. olu lnst ........ Pebruary, h 191-' i)) e. roh, PP 62 4 VJe!, 71 l914,pp.lS9-t2. 1, 1G14, P 1 s

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c at 1 14 lt 'l n, 1n t bO In 'h1a t 7 0 t Dot gb p d al 1 7 o 11 n l7t t n t tbe t -rtlr l' oou.ld no pl no Iriabt 4 wlth all ., blood 1n n d P r 1 ah 1 note 1n paren e1a 1 to war. 0 o1t1o pte4 t1o tor

PAGE 259

1028 0 U10 lnT l 1ah H et le4 to cleolar ta ould not "be a good not writ po11t1 1 be 2 nd t Boy at 1 t 4 r-rhi ln1 o tbe t a t laa 3 r' erltioal a 111ty. ich ap L b t1 or1t1 Sn la .A d e. a .. 6 0 t tor t o T 1oh, -he .,. 6 tPJ-" d L1 1n 1 atl re re tnt d almo :r-1a ot t 1fho tound Carl ton' 1913, PP 1501.53

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1029 tt Yeat 0 1' t let I ot ot n r1 1o 1 which 8D1DelartllQ 1ft tle lotion a a 1al or 1 ol'le u r nob plo Ourt and s 1 a s 0"'.:&.-tUi-lla.u. .... 'Wt .. D 0 ol la 1t 1. 50. 177. B1 0 J U ted o h

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n tb1n wh1o 1 1030 Ur d1apla d 1n Vo III, which 7 b nt1on ot an nt1tled Bote __ ---1n (Vi tte4 t t th re wa d h. t t AVIIQPIIQ' t r wit "t 1o etched t; rtb. exbibltion ot plotu: t ponr lt ot Dr. Kuo last y. ar' emtb1t o ot Geca-S1 r on a toll 1 art olea of a pol1t1o 1 a d to b ot r S.eular 1n t rt1a t hioh appe d 1n Irlah Reva. ot t alao d a 11t ra'r or pol1 ical 1gn1t1c no l91S, 1 w1 h 1. T. p. by 1 y JaolE II T Irish H ad, Or n ot t ----nt 1 waa r nouno d inaidl the oocu 4 b7 an Bng-uguat, 1912 to t, rt1ae4 on t jlo t a living d deadJ -co lou: 4) d

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l'1od1o la I u Book ad 1 w1a tbe na Ul. 11. J I lice Sto 7 nt 1031 1' p.tblle d 1n J 1909. a y r poat f're c t et1ll ten:-aal 1 DUBL. I IRBI.tAND .............. b d 1n Ir.la la Tb& Srltl 0 OD17 in t oonc 1 1n t-111 e cy 1 ue and 1n t hS. 5 tollow1n occur c d 107, O.o o 111., Ja a o olly1 La 6 J 111 t. Jobn o Ervll'll 8 an :a. or Hill. Hot1t1o t l otle ot boo a bJ oDona 1 .Pl'UDk tt 4 P re r lao a gular t ature ot t 00 11 GUILD also 9 t wh1 h 7 ait7 n be o ln lw. 10 an4 tbe lJ. map tboee Sa d with the atlonal n1 -.-... ate tll''f A bel" ot the taoulty ot t Colleg ot oS.noe db en on ot tbe toundera or Irl!h ReYif e. '1. a t eoooun tor 4 rt1a t o:t A e!].g June 19 preo d1ng p 169 d following P 664.

PAGE 263

1032 E w rc1 onao nt 1ni lan fort. 8 1 0 t Publica1 t1on of ural a Technical De 2 rt t .. b al Ool 0 s tor 4J a alt r o -"OlfLY OPPIOUL 3 RO T I Slfi OF Also 0 lit-er 17 t of st. 'a w h al n nt1one4J and announce t ot t tropolitan 6 6 l of rt which 7 alao b aeociated wlth P a Pear Ot olltlo 1 S1 1t1oaD It tbe tongolng ad rtS.. nta 7 ora lit r rJ natur., wbloh to utt olt tor nt1 ouno ts about t G T SUFFRAGE 00 DC 1n Dublin r the au pic ot t Ir1ah 7 ,. d r tion, d t Iri h Volunt ra y b 11t1 1 1 n1 1c to r a lre y tent 1 to tb Volun e ra wa dl' 1m not 11 1n t dv rt1a1ng pp die t ly aft r t n be p but also 1n t OCilt nt ot ,I,Plah RfV w. tnaugural eting 1n ov 1t to of the Il'iah Volunt r wbloh d .... ,;;;,;;oo .... -..-.;;.r,. p r1od1oal of t 1aat1on, w p l tor con-t, 113, following P 328. 1913. p c P 27S. P 273. 1 preceding p. 273 7. De4tsellmer, 1 13. p o 1ng p. 4 9 7 r, PP 503.

PAGE 264

1 tr1b\lt1on olunt r halt ot t Pro Eoin e 111 vi J. t In. 1t1 0 t 0 t r ap 0 8 0 at btr tP1but t o 00 tto or ... a who J e gh Ul)' 0 t pr 01' t 0 oDo gh, mer ot t Prov1 l 1c 1 w h exul .d 1n t roY1a1 1 C 00-o1D Ool 1 nth oent ootoh Z:.t1n1 t 1 t r ly )Cnow_,..l!!io..., ot l1o M 1 t1o t er rort1t1 d to be dieoover, t t Iriah, t; Got or1 1n. Ool 1 VO ab t b1a fat :r, to t v InJ Irl b Volun.t ra. It 1 r h1b1 1n to a tbe io Moo Geos-ln tion of a lt1o nd prll, 19141 oo 1 no alxt1 anotlr llan1t at ot t t d t witlldnl 0 t 1Jil1)01"t ot a 1nto oo 1 b o 1n Ulat r who 17 r d tro ua 1:D. atteotlon but 1t w It nat1ll dtbe

PAGE 265

1(}34 Redlnon41tes 1nto the Volun era. It waa sign
PAGE 266

lOSS C pter XX ha been dlded into t w o rts wb1oh .... 11 ed together b the I.R.B. In t he flPat part the ' ebell10 d1aoua d with particular e ph ala o o aa1 satioDa Iagb1 ldhe na hBtrea t he lr1ah o n1a ranoh1ae ague b e d 1 ouaaton o t Iqh1a1dhe n a h lU."aM w a pret oed b7 a t w re rk about en1 n l terhoo th Lan It w Ir1 h rio orl 1 rl1er na organ!.& t1onal the en1. t 11Lad1 0 t teen and th Ladle a d1 covered that tb. e grou wer e o tly of and th t Patrlok ord h d bee an arly d voc ate of te le auttr ge In the d1 o ua ton o r 1 h1n1dh e a h 1re t1o e ith t lit rary t b at r o ent a outl1 its conn cd tn Chapter

PAGE 267

1036 In 19U and 1912 Ingh1n1 o rtain nl who d or!bed einere too part 1n t e 4 on tratlona a t G ge v Ingb1n1dhe na hE1r ann ..... Edit-by tl r,, lt at t I .r1tb it 1'8 ana l' olu 8 Jo h ., Plu tt, cDcm. p oll.7 Slr Ro 0 nt, anc1 t tan, a G o -Booth, t 1n p dr 1o Col ot Sull1 an and Oonataraoe 1d to When 1 t sus ded pub-11 ion 1h l 12 it pl org ot Ingldndhe na ot 1D vote t r Francia hoeb7-Sketr1ngt.cm. it p th1aen d conn ct1on wlth tbe Ir1 lit t tU.a usa Prane1e Skett1ngton f'r1 nd of 31 Joyc 4 publl he4 orlb h1a 1'1"1 cl wae 11 b7 hle a t1on ot ..,..__...,but J070e1s say r ntuae4. e al o trlendl7 w1tn Jo,e qbt r ot D v1d t Who d b a 1 d 0 1n 4 tb '!11' n a t.nto Sh err ton th -s ett1ngton. tw 1903 and l. Pr. oS.e tf'ln 0 all otlv jOlll'nall t ad wrote or l I n t

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t h h 1 1oh a t tir t r 1 0.1' t t I'll t 1037 u p1olo 1D at1on 11 t e a oo.1 t wtth th be e lp rao,.&eDt, a lnltlal eh the I R B tllitJ t v to t 7 b ........ _,..._ td lta ott1 Sal .._._an . e4 JIIlPil pert 1 1 o onolude tlon or th re not1o 1n 1 th x.s. a bl'l t Le put or o-HUAI 11 rar t t r WOI!IU'l'a au.xll1a.J7 t th lah o c! p t ot obt&pt 11 \tCIIllm t 8 JO t ty bellJ. tn U1 th re en' Pran 1& I. 1t r a t the 191 1t or tt. Tb de erlptl ot 11 ott 11t1o llt -thlee 1 lt 11t 07 1gn1fi< en 4 1 Joa ph fQ\Ul b7 ., 01' HOlt t tor ln 441 t1on to the d1 or 1o 1 p th t tonal Vbl 1 7 t oontribubet r

PAGE 269

1038 o _ar R\1 11 stand1eh J O'Graa,. Doug H7de Ed'lr d tl r G or c .. 41 1), s. t Il'ta Ut ...,. r riodlc Lord Duns oore and B Y ta. t o 111 ot 1 t1o flbie l' tl par t1 1D 1 rt1ole tr1 ncn, t JbU l"t7 to alltan th gl ag ln ol ln uo tton l7 polltlc 1 cOb 14 :r t1o 1 d tn rol or r t ottt 1al ot t at1 a L1 ew1 t7 tor 1an an4 the t an Irl h Ih oorm c with b7 tttngt whioh s nn es.n t Ir1a A s .......... ....... ,--..... 4 1 t the Iriah 1 or I'W7 .. "' ... "'t r poa1l b l e eupport r a or thia n 4epal't\tre P ably the I .s. o8t 1n th a 1 anall1& eW1 n ,o 7or lted St 4 t at re tboee b,-, or lD pi.Ped b7 1 U t t t 1ft t t f4 b n the 1t d d. G I laD4 ot tot UP1 ...-r.- .. -1 o invoke bo h a l o Ita otm t1 w1 olttt10D&J7 a p ................ tt bOted t t1 1 l 4 l' oute4 t t r ontrs: u rt c oll7 cDonagb l o a ph tt, P e H P r d Sir erC ant. An 1n41o t1on ot th 1 1 teraJ7 a1p1t1 c o ot .....,.iiioiiiioii ...

PAGE 270

1039 b7 oonald r1 th Irlah. Jo or1t1o1 lr c1 t 1ne TJnan Sv .. lloUIM:IIa a oanu1 tor tl7 r11 It P 1od1o # and W Lett oon1 t ot t1 lea 1D L toll 1 well a Coo r aor._ vi t vie ra r u thin oald on o o 1on x a. nw..al"' anct Qrl o_r1t1 b.1 01'10 tvJ.al po11t1o d t and th wl t I V ol: te 1-a 0 beo 1t1 al e n71 ot a it a1 ote4 tha bJ tr1o1al t. pllo te ho tile and h1a olr 1 In to the t ,. s1 1a.l top1 ot tnt r t Sn the bJ ............ t1a1D r d s.n t p 1od1 a1 t to b ot lit r tU.side th' publ1o. Vol t 8 d 1t t conn tion or o1n o 111 Colonel :u.rioe ontr1but



PAGE 1

IS JOBB THOIIPSOI 8ubll1tte4 la partial tult1llaent ot the requlre .. ats tor the ot Doctor ot PhlloaophJ 1a tbe 8ohool ot 14uoat1oa of York Uatyer11t7 lHO

PAGE 2

TABLE OF COHRBTS R,bapter IITRODOCTIOB I. II. Purpo 80ope bteat.................................... x Lta1tat1ona............................... Iateraal Relat1ona x111 Method 1x1v Explanatloa ot Terma Ued lathe Tltlxv 1 Feil1anixv111 Celtlo RenaieeaDOe........................ xx1 IITRODUCIHG UIIOIISI AID SBPARATISI 1 Ualonism..................................... 1 Castle 1 !he Prope.tled Classes 3 ADtl-Irlah and ProBnaltsb Teaohtns The Kstabllhed Ohu:rcb ot Encla.Dd a.Dd lNlaDd. . e Separatism................................... 10 The Roman Catholic Oburcb................. 10 The LaDd 18 Political Separatism...................... 21 8umm&PJ &0 INTRODUCIIO PERIAIISI The lrlsb-Amerloaa scene rr1or to the Forma-tion ot the Fenian Brotherhood &e Iatercourse betweea Ireland and the Un1te4 States before 1849 58 1849 to 1858.............................. ea The PormatloD or tbe i'enlaD Brotherhood, 1858-1864.................................. Developaenta ln the Fealan Brotherhood. 1865 18,0....................................... 8? The Canadian PartJ 88 The PartJ GO Attempta to Beal the Split ea SUmma.,...................................... 99 11

PAGE 3

t'ABLB OP COIT'Ift8 Oh&pter Paae III. UBIO.ISI VIRSU8 FIIIABISI, 18&0.188' 104 Ualoalaa{ 18&0-188' Pollt oal Conaeaalon. Conceaslona,, 8oolal Conoeaslona Fealaalea, 1858-186' The S.paratlat Movement ill Ireland at the Tlme ot the Pormatloa ot the Pea1an Brotherhood Growth ot Penlanlaa, 18&8 Irlah People, The Risins. 1816' lCM lo& 101 110 11' 11'1 122 131 163 170 IV, '1'HB LIBDALS dD SBPARATI8X, 1888-18'18, ,,, 17-1 TbeOL11bera1., l'FV adatoae 1 AIUleltiJ or -.;ert;&Ul ren1an on-. lot 178 '!he Dlaeatabllabment or the Churoh or Ire-land 180 S.paratt ..................................... 184 Penlan Point or Vle 188 Iriabaaa 202 ... 212 V 'lHB IRDB WORLD'S CRUSADES, 18,0.18'1,,, 218 we ut Plgbt Aacllo1sed Idea 21G Irlah World Caapal&D A&alaat the Sta Ir1ehaaa 222 The lr1ah World C&ILJ)&lsn to Ree the Oaello L&a!&U&e 22'1 !he Irlah World to P .. lllarlle Ita Reader with Irlah BlatoPJ 258 The Pua4 2.8 A Pourth Irlah World Caapalga............. 2 O'Donoan Roasa, Ita SeoretaP.J 252 Kethodl ot Warfare 2&8 Roaaa1e Realsaatloa 2'10 ,._.1"7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2'18 111

PAGE 4

!ABLE OF COlft'U'l'S qpmr !!a YI, THE LAHD LEAGUE PUHD, 18'18-1882. ,,,, 280 Thomas Moone, Patrick J'ord and M1ebae1 Davi*t 281 Davitt and the Mew Departure 281 The Land teague and Geors 214 Land Leaso 214 BenP7 George,. .. &01 SummaPJ 311 VU, DYIWIITE AID THE CEI4'IC RENAISSANCE, 1881, 380 D,Jnamite The Attack The Results of tbe Dyumite Campat.p,, 'be Celtic Renaissance lD America, 1881. Writers aad . The Status ot the Irish Languase Revival in America American Writers and Journa11ata,l881 Summar,r VIII. PAR!fELI,.' S RISE, 18'70.lllt , . ,. , , Parnell's Earl! De-t to the Peft!ans . Parnell's Mora Suas1on1at Recruits Young Ireland ,, Te M. HealJ William O'Brien luat1n earthy t, P. OICODDOr Two Extremist Greape ot S,mpathizera with Parnell The Irish Bational lnvincibles loba ot.aPJ' ClPel ...... ., ................................ D. OftGAIDA'IIOII, flJBLIOA-I'IOBI AID UIBV!U D 310 au Ml SPlRID BY PABIILL, 1111t, ,, t Orsan1sat1o .................................. 41t Or&aailationl Oloaeat to the feat ....... ,. 411 Othe 681 Pablleatteae, ,................... 421 Poe and Ja11a4e ot '!Oldl belalld and Doblta Ual .. Pal'J Ret 421 Irlah Plreaile............................ 431 1v

PAGE 5

Chapter TABLE OF COB!ENTS Voluntar7 and Involuntary Tr1but Betore 1881 Pro. 1886 Su..&rJ X. PARIILL1S PALL, 188&-1181 4?8 Betore tbe Split 4?8 .ae Atte..atb ot tbe Split 401 Outa14e Dubll 492 In Dublta 49' Death of PaPDe11 502 50& XI. PIIIAI UltOJISl, 1808&..................... &09 Liberal Interresauai 1881& Penlaaiaa, 1802-888 !he Liberal Interre..,_ aDCl tbe Celtie Reaaiaaanoei 1811-l&e& Iriab Unloniata, 811 Certaia Irlah CoDaer.ati._ The BoDd Between tt Irlab CouerYati Yea and tbe Tbe Break Bet tbe lrlah Conae..atl aDd tbe ledaoadlte !he Oeaae..atlYe Go.ar ... nt, 1805 The CoaaerYatiYe OoYeramenta Att.-pta to Wln Irlab Sentt..nt Ho.e Rul Boer 'lbe Irlab 8entt.ent IsnoNCt bJ tbe Coa ae..at1Ye Oo.-ra..nt Su..&PJ &00 SlO &16 520 &2, &31 53' 5M 518 542 1&2 sse XII. LIBBRAL UIIOIISI, 1901e &el Rule Sbe1 .. 4, 1905 &6' "Unloa ot Heart" &8' a. pan' ln aDd tbe tea. 5'0 "Ulater Will Pl&bt and Vlater Will be Right," 191o-1014 587 Poea ot Ba.e Rule ia Ulat 588 FrleDda ot Ho.e lule in Vlatert 102 v

PAGE 6

XIII. !be unt.OD ot Heart., 1810.111 bellab ... &ftd Ir18h llallbeN ot Parlt .. ea' Irlah ..._. ot PA1'1S..et aDd Ir111h .,...,1-' 'DWI
PAGE 7

!'.ABta or oolftlft ,.., Aa eae4a1 dll tt. Llteret-., Jlul 1.1111 Aft ., z .. ta.A ....................................... t.lh ... ................................... a ... l .. Saa .... rks .. .a ... 1 ..... ., ................................ XYI. !'BI GLAI-IA .. AIL, li'G-ltll,,,,,,,,,, ,,,, "1 Blato., et 'be Olaau ..... l . '"1 S.toN the ltolt-.Dt .t a .. lte AMte .,.,. Oaella ... laaa ,. ,. O'DoMYaA lela& and 1- C-117 'PIO OIDoao'f&ll Roa ta. , , 'J'IO '- Coaaollf ,.. lfM Olaau-Gael trea 1110 ' 1111 m .. ... ................................. ...... 1114-1111.................. "' 1..-ar,r...................................... 809 Dlle JOD oYAII, w1111 AID m OJL!'JD -ua. IAIO 816 &.eata 1 0 -aallat.toM 1 a hrled1a1 ud 0...S.ttl 1 Jlltt I, .a., Celtt Lt .... ., a .. letJ a.A Yaa oeh' Cut?' lew 0.."l.,..nt 1a , . ., !be Ilah LlMI'&PJ' tbtat" fbe SO. VIlli'" lt..t.a leba La1t Yea ..... ., ............................ Ill 11. 818 ... Ul Ml au Me 811 DIU, -ABaft ttDAifQ,,,........................... l't lPlsh Ll'-r., lhe' o .... ' "I .oa-,. loaal ,..,, ot \be IP11h Ll-...., !1\ea Mo .... at . . ., IVTI a.ateul A1peot ot ... bleb Ll'"JT fheat ... O .... Dt 181 v11

PAGE 8

COIDII'II "-"-' .. .... ar, XUe GODJWJI lA ... DDS oAR lA III&IDDAL AIID ... IIII FEll laB o .... edb aa .... eaa lebOel 141 tM """' t laal la he -1Se z. .... ., ... 1109...................... tl, c..a .. .,...._.1 ... ataa reta 111 llaa Pel ,., t' ' lebelltoa t'811dat aa hllNaJID lPI&h l ... ata '-.... -.s .. Ita Polttlea I' Llterar.r 8l&Bltloaaee ..... ., ................................. .. -tM 1001 1001 Xllt Ill IRI&I L'&Ol 1Dtllll2 1v39 6 .... o .... llJ ... .... S.rkta 1039 !be et 1tla 1o5s lleb 01,1 .., ...... r, Dllt !011 OLABI, 1.1... AID DID PIKDO .. 7 .. Cl'-... tbe t.lah ................................. o .. . o .. ,.s-. .. I P.r Ylll 110S 1108 11'18 11Zoi

PAGE 9

Chapter xxn. fll COftiJifl 1814-1811 .Po,alar Dleeoateat !be X.leh Clttaea .., Irlab .. Oeltle .... ll .. .., ............................... Ia, ..... ,.., ..... ka . Obapte .. YYI1 Ac'lwltlea C pte YID.X ta.aell ... ,,_ Feat-. OllaJ'e" XI -"'II .!be untoa et a.ane" 0 ptePI Falaat .. &84 Oel,lc leMl11a AltPOaci ChaJ)hn XY!l.uliWIl1ut. dll tM Oel'ic .... t ....... 1139 1139 1146 11'78 1184 1189 1189 XXY. COICtullOIS AID IIPLIC!tOIIe 1238 llltlOGRA!Ir......................................... 1264

PAGE 10

Il'lllODUCT IOR A' 'be ., .. ot proJeot lD baDd. I waa.ld l.J.a tlo 1a 4ltate _. ope, 'bo4 of l!!l1yla all!a. g.1o !fM1 aDd o eaplaSD t!Mt Mr. uMd. SD 'be '''le 'I'M putpoM t4 tbe eudlac Nl!aNh 11 to tM ia Mrnlas.ca be1n1Mn ._ ot r ... aD4 the 11'tNhH pi'Ohi..S la1 01' a bod 1 Inland 4ui'1Dc pes-lo4 b!tWMD. 18&8 aD4 lllle som seopa I extent, UaJ,tatlou aDd J.D, ... 1 Nlatlou. AeeoNt.AclJ, I alall -riellJ 1D4loate tbeM 'hrM upeo' ol P!p&ea1 IDA 11a Otl!1o !15'111 ._.btr.re, I a.u 41 ... ,._ -...-.1, 16Mt1GDal ..s popaphleal lllplloatlou ot Meh, NIIJ!!'l -n. wre tS. be oeteNCl lD pNit!ld 'be 1 app..Ste17 118 ,., .. ,, that 1a, fl' 1800 to 1111. 1'D 18001 1:t7 U1 Aot f/1 Parls.a-n,, INlaD.4 'beoa. u._,_,, .. Snto Ull1to4 Ktq4 ot Cb-Mt Br1,aiD .U INlaD4. PN.S.oul.7 X

PAGE 11

xi lt had b"n relatlwq 1Ddepenant aD4 bad lta own lesJ.alatnu-e. 8S.Iloe the Pell!au wanted InlaDd to be a ao'ftNlp indepeWS.t atate aDd alnoe 'be Oeltlo re:oa1aaauoe CNSin 'o Nnft .ariou ele.-nta of an earlier Irlah oiY1U.atica1 tbe 4ate -.n IN1an4' illdeJ*Ddt aaaaed to uiat wU M"e a ataRlns poiDt tor an lntroduotiOD to tbe two. ,...,. 1818 ia wo ehoeen beoauae ot ita atp1tioaraae both FeA!&Dlaa aDd the Oeltlo reuiaaanoe In th1a later ,. .. P .. l_ .. re s.apouf.ble tor an 1Aa\U.'Not1 1n DublSa whioh I arouaecl the a,apathJ ot noh oelebnte4 autbora w. a. YMtal George a.taaell, Ja Shpbana, l 0708 l:llMr and I.e47 0NS017J ud, ot OCllne, na tbe lD.aplntia tfn' Seen oaH7' pla71 a 1b!. Plgsgh sllla 8tga. W 1811 ia lllponant tor the Oelt1o renaiannee beeauae b7 that date .1t bad I'J nearq I'QJ1 1ta OOQNe (aee papa ..... /'f':ltbaQib one need not apee with lobD BglSnt wbo vote 1 b. Tbl range ot the Sd.eaa explON4 1Jt tbe tollow1ng awet7 WS.U ocwer 4ootr1nea ot tho8e 1lbo belieftd 1n tbe warth of the Wl101l of 1Nl.aD4 with ON.t Britain an4 thoM WbO a4Yooate4 aepantlon, b7 tbe uae ot aorel auaalan ar ot

PAGE 12

x11 a Jmook-I.GB tl&llla 'l'heae .. wW be 4q ou ot tlbe poe'I'J' 8114 Pl'OII wbleh 11 pertS...' 'lbe sOSNJblO oaul4erat11eu ot 'be N-l'Oh will aM be 11al'e4 11o INlaa4, oCR'Ultl'laa wbleh are .. aorlbe4 Oe1,1o .. "nr' 1lpl!!ml, 0Mbr!4Rf DW1n "' wUl aMD4 to tu plaMa la wble.h PeaSua '* reota. Buept ,,.. MnaiA urlal, 1Dwo4uo,_, Sa aann, I ln'-4 tlo Ua111 the aoope ot Ptptptea sA lJa Oto JltMll in'trftl bMWtn 1818 aa4 1811, ac1 11o 'IP tM per1o4 betwen 18'10 aDIIl 11U. Tba Mrlieet ot datlea la til JMr 1n 11h!eh PalaD _.._rheod. tGWIIecl aD4 'be lateatl 1a tl!la' t4 tlbe aon alpltt.o-' appeal ,.. t Wbleh 1' ...... lbla Q '0 tba' ts... Ill 18'10 .. -.17 WN I..,.Nl *4lq haiaa poll'll patlaOMn N 18aH4 b7 Blt1111ah o.._, bu' alao t:a. Iz!th H tOUDiect. ftlll ,... lilA, ooune, 11 lpltt.oaat bMaue ot ,. .. ak fiJI \be -14 .... b. ttbe W..111 .. 1 a.tled ot tlba Sal 'ahofell t oona1deNtl wW-. lia1'*' to poet17 alllll proee whleh 1Bip1N4 01' 'ftl 1naplft4 b7 eltber Palulla Gil 'be Otl'lo NMlaatl AI an ot ttrlal wh1eh baa been .. lu ... 'be ca11a1aa ot an aoeout ot 'be aoholan ill t!Mt tS..14 ot aMlea11 Oeltlle l.JJ:aplat lea be n-'14 0wc:tcNpbl .. l.17, thla tawa,lsats... ot Pe!e'llll lla qtlt1o Rplaeaw Wlll be Ull1ttd. 11o J;lbeH'ntM Whleb pNo...._, o.puS.4 _. tollowcl aDCl eOJWeft'aeCl

PAGE 13

x111 with U;bar 'ba J1hla1oal fCII'H _,.._, or the Ir1ah NY1ftl or 1n INlall4, the Unltecl 8\aha, Oreet JbtltalD, J?uoe, u4 Ig.tegl Rel.tt19J!1 a Within tlba perlo4 Uptll whloh I lhall oonoentNte tba JMN between the death ot Paraell Ill lSal aD4 lOU w1U be neted with the CNtet h.llaea beoauae lt waa 4v1Dc thoH ,. ... tbat the Celt !A NDa1aDO r.aobe4 1 ta hlcbe' polat 1 u4 lto ' taaoua lea._n attalne4 ,. ot 'belr powra. !ba period behMn 18'10 aa4 l8eo wlll be '"''ect lD oaa14erable &ebll beoauM ot tile blpm ot Bten who, alde4 b7 tbe hlliaaa, ,.aobe4 tlbe ,.U ot bS.a lDtl.ueDOe, aD4 be oau tbe Oeltlo relMDO Da at the ,,... pelod. u,-11bloh I lnt..t to ooaetrate, two 4eoadea J 1 4Satel7 pNeed.iDc 18'101 belq tboee wh1oh ra4 tbl ,_..., 1 aD4 tt.Jtat ot the Plan botberhoo4, will be t;reate4 wlt;h the ,.., tullM La atteDe tlOD will be paid to thetlnt tlft7 )'eara ot tbl nlMtMDth ._hrJJ a4 ol4er Irlah J)Ma.._ whloh re NY1ft4 b7 tbe Oelt1o renalaaanee will ,.Da DdS.O 'l'be toa. aplrlt aD4 OGiltent or penlllent po11tUa1, eolo aDd 1111 ... 17 thlpt will be '"' ill he1p1aa !.!!!!! lb!. Oeltl! ft!MltaaDDt. ot tbe ftl'loua toru 1a 11h10h Irla poUtloal upreaae4 ltMlt, .uoh orpnlaatl-. tba toU..S.na wlll be uae4 tw lUuatntlout 'be Un1te4 X.lam.n, tbl You.ac IftlaD4ero, tba J'elaD 11Jtoth .. hoo4, tlbe Irlah Parlla .-tai"J Pan,., the Olaa-a-oael aD4 SS.Iln res.n. ot the taru 1n

PAGE 14

x1v wblth IJt1ab Gil -. .,... .... ,, .. lt, ,. laD4 r...-, tbe Irlab Aptloulhftl o.aaabdt ISet7, ...a 5bl II'S..h an4 hMN1 ....... 'Oill 'be ol'-4. Aa -lea ot the .... al..,lau ,...._ whleh Irllh -ll'tNI'J .,,_.. btct .-u.. a-. aa--11 fhee'" alii U. CIMllo I.Mpt wW M """ '1'bl 41aouaa1 Oil tbe >li'1M1 .aplJtl' Wl1l 1e tarS.obM -, tbe ue aJII1 -.-.tlola ot aueh ,.,.. tba Jcb111eldal Pu4. aa4 ,. Ualoa ot ... ,..... '1M llltl\lt... ot ...., o.o.p .-tot QD41 .. 1la--.u aplftt ot Irlab lo t"oaab' wl11 be eee14eN4. ADI, Sa ad41t.._ to a "'' t X.Ub an,l.,....ltJ al-SA\e attlt'* ot -..-nt wbhh .,. .... '' NP ... tad tbe na .. lt wl11 be aeMd tbat, oaa otbn' thlaaa1 NpQIJlS.aalM, ... 1-ftMDl .. U&lapbobla aa4 a 4eot4e4 lattNd Sa ...... ad ftlhM ot 'bl ...... J11lrtlell4 lf'ia1tue1 ...... ot INlaD4 are oblnohrla,lo II tbe Qlrl' ot ,. 1lhftl7 ..W.b taUa wtthln aoope ot Ptllltp!p at 1!a OtltM JI&MlMM n. eOideat .ot pollt1 wUl lte tCNII4 to s-nolw arGUIMt IIGN1 8U8alca alllll nth s.- Ptte, u4 al.S. ... "-OGiltt ot Nlnallt tt.S.o '"-&b' wlU 'be 811plltle4 'b7 ua-.aalac ra .,...Ola Irlah Neotl to alqle ba, aoelalla, tbe toopes-atlw IIOW-.nt aJad nur ,_... a alld.lal' uinaft. ADI, tbl eoahn' ot Iftah U5tNJ7 sa lta "la' with l'n'n a1. 1111 Otl51o I!M&I MMt will bt -.Utltcl '-1 .u.. ol quotatlt ... tba wit hi ot w11-11110WD IM.ab w.S.Mn, nab a. Yta, Gep

PAGE 15

XV ..... u, a.. .. MOON, led.7 OftSOI'J, 8MJl oc ... ,., and. J ... Oe a I'CISI'Qb.iaal tiM PNMilt Naeueh wlll 4eYot:e ' ot lta ''-nt1 to Z..laad wl'h U. Unit: .. ftaMa, GNat Brltala, ,.,. .... anll o.mmsq, NapedlYelJ, re-Ylla& .... eeas.MNtl 'l'ba wa wb1oh I alaU e4opt .,. be 'lSMt! llf auwrlDa .-.,,_, (1) JIOIIf ablll I 4ne..W wbat 8CIUNN tio uaet (i) Bow abaU I aeleot eYS4eMe rr. tiWM aoureea whloh I baft -' (I) H abaU I rl'aftP 'lw nlMDM to ltftDI caat ._ lrltiel'ftla,la bet:WMn Penianl aa4 tbe Oeltle Beaalaaeaeet 1. tfo 4eteN.t..M wbat aaureea I ahaU uae w1ll .-.J.d.en,le NMara. Plnt, I au ot Melka Wbleh - a eva017 eawSMtlca to haft .... lMt .. SDc .,_ eltbll', ot tbl two n. WhMh appear iD ., 'l'le Jut;, wl'h tba belp ot 'lila blbU..,.Jbr, I .-u MIIPU. 11na f/1 ._, tNqaat17 nt10M4 wtn.a, lee4ePa, perto41oa1a u4 boeka '' t hie poln' 1 1t I t bat no blat W1 ot PoDS. acwat r,.. 1868 to 1118 ia lD exlataoe, I haft oc.poee ., 01m 1 tbl ue ot biat.S.a, blOSftpblea aD4 alld.lal' aoaJIMa Ibn, I abaU Mek tbe ld.Ylee ot tboH lD Yk aD4 DlabUa -t..S.llal'lt7 wltih ua. t1el4 baa bMil braqht to., a'tatl Ia thU .. ,., 'bl wt.at _,.be ptt.l'M. !be wlmlowJ.Da WS.U toll

PAGE 16

JlVi le Banaa d.nere1ned rq ao.u-oea, I ahaU llM tollowlDB thoda te ae.rent, albeit ltt.a.-4, nS4- Pun, I abaU oull Iriah aDll pwlod.l .. 18 'Whlah wre aantro11ecl bJ', .,_tb*t1a 'o, tM Pelua te aeo.-e et ocaMIIPGIU'J ewlde, JUU'laelltl ecU.t-.t.al.a anA t pS..U1 eODt;J'llndl .. an4 001d1'1lntt_.. ,._. SWih perlo4l tale wret Ir1M:P rwa, Ir1th rnplt. JJ:Hh WgrH, itrilh '1.4!. t7J1tt4 1 a18o aba11 -M pei'S.OIUoala 'tlbJ.oh pllbllaW wwlca ot wU DoOIIIl t1tiUNa ot 'ba OeMS.o NMia-1 fteh ae All QIWl ud Ifh ...,hJz In l8'S,q eYSdeaM r... neb ,..S.o4loa111 I WU1 be -'1Ya'e4 bJ tbe beU.t ._, theM to tbe Pt-, w1U llft taU 'o ....... s.. tboH upe ot a pwn pta wblh wre ot ... at&eat s......--' .._lei' o1 'hll 4oeus.. flit pbpleal t ... lnlt alae pJIOft t.s'Uaba baoeue eta ,_.._,. 'o left4 8pONCIS.. aDI lftatS.oaal alr 'o 'be -pbMl .. na. I till eowr new ...... p&bllaben wbe .,..s.a1s...s Sa rial wbleh '""'14 be or SA'"' to r.s. .. t ......,1a. hxtl, I .-u lnierftew 'tfbo .,. ..... a Daw es.a-DU'louee a Nnlt ot tbe JIIINIIttna atu4t.eat Pa4N1o Cot.. bDeat ..,., lADil RobJ.Dae, llallll o.me, Jlaft ll'J'all1 If Ola14rafa w140W1 Jepb JIU7 DMNI' ot Ida, aD4 : ... fltleDda. Praa auh ln\eniewa I MJ be able t;be 1D,..,..latlc:e.a lletwen oxpcal4tata f/1 tba 4ootrs.ne of pb;ploal tOJIOe aDI leba'e4 tlcuR 1ll tbe Oeltle NnallaaMI J\'dltt.._N, I aball be able ,. NOOI11tJIU.Gt 'be trS..ndl u4 apapatldea ot auoh ..n aa oDonn Roeea, JobD

PAGE 17

xv11 Of Le1117 D4 T ClaJ'lle PSDall.J', w1 'h tld.a en4elloe 1 I oan run o tba Wl'it 1Da8 ot 'bl t alpltlo.rd fipfta 1a ll'iah UteNtve and .._ pleJ' tlo xplala tten whleh bl4 t ... rlJ bMn o'baouN, 1, Tba caueatl rd boW. auS.ub17. to 'he taota Whloh I aball 'her ao aa to .__.'"' rq 11!wa1a be -N4 _,.a olll'co1tel .. l 01' e_.,.ntlYe MtW, PS.r-'1 I abaU 1lat all the wn11a ot eaoh ,... bnWMil 1818 aiM! 1118 11ble'b ..... 15o be Nlew.at eS.thu lo ' the O.ltlo MMe bllblae u a Nault I nc:*i.M tbat the OlPPD1 tlea, 1D41'114uala, teU.U.- e4 ao aD oan be poUJ*l ill two eu-N8a ot .._ .. ,, noh ..,. .. ,las IID4 .S..Sa, lea, I w1U at11e.pt oonatNot a ot noh OUJ'J.'OJlt1 ao llhow tbt n, taU aJid eout' 1DMNet1-. bet .. '!w ln41 .s.dual el_,, wl'hlA tMII, aa4 tbe ... tiM to ah the ll*enela'i_. bet;--. ... b In thla ..... I .... to JMn, an4 tbea Jc to de-.on.at:ra' tbats tm Wl'lMN ID4 wrltiftaa tbl Oeltle NMS.. uDM WN UJNaU7 of a Mpantla' ollaNOteJI. An ..,1e ot the anl' 1D whloh tbla Mtbo4 ltftD& aut lie hDS..al Ul4 tw OeltS.o NMlaN .. toll tba .. ,.lJ' 1M4era the NYlftl '1 .. ,. lft4 n.qlaa 1117 be oltsecl lecdled upc tba PaiD..-_..., lela O'Z.I'71 tbelJt lupi.Ntlca, but one ot tho beat Jmolm f/1 t;be oblt tilt tbl l'onin inaui'Notd. ot lt1e, rar1ok her, tNoe4 'he lnfiVh.Oe whl.eh na e.-atuall7 to e_,.l bSil to o.pt tJbe prlaelpb ot pbp!Ml faNe baok 'o ,. a.eu.e Leepo Whleh .tcuD4o4 in 188S aDd wbieh oa. fd 'l ... illport;aDt ot the arpnl

PAGE 18

xvl11 Tbl ilwo teraa 1n tbl t1tle ot 't. prell81lt rroh wh1oh u:pl.aMt1CIIl are PeDiw and ':.. Oeltlo :ND.alaaanoe. I w11l taa tbla up 1D that falder. Ptalan!,p r.1aa1_. la t;M belief tbat IPlab.. pleftaoea oan be Ntlftaaed -.1:7 an orpnle4 SJ'GQP wbS.eh 1a pNpate4 uae ,...loel taee. I' S..1 of OCN!We1 tbl poU07 ot P'ena. AooerdiD& h Webnr' I lJB1ftEMl UMbrJ4p4 D1tt1pn, iabl WOI'd .s.aa 1a rr-,. Vue .. D'P' --appU. tbl ol4 11111tl1a ot INtlaDI, wbo .,.. ao oal.lecl fi'CB PlQn, DCIF ben ot Zr1ah ..a.s.a. Aeeordlns 'o tbl BnoDl!-, PM41a Br1*enl! thS.a -.., nm .. .o-..s.u, .. proba'bl.7 &eMNl lo whca Co.Nao Aln,. klq SA TaN Ctl.o.A.J>. e&O) entnaW ilbl bR et OJIPilU!na a atandJaa NJ, wbeMb7 u 1 1aq:bl; iao eat;ab11ah a RMN11d17 OYer tbl Whole .&ao01'41rw to tlw -authc:rs.-,., ra.sa waa na. ot an xrlah-a.nee Nft1u,lOUJ7 '""' aoet.d7, tOlUIIIed 1ft AMr1oa 1t7 Jabll ova..,. (1811-18"1"1) l1l 1868 art4 bOQDd iloptber ._ an oath ot alleP,IUI8e to 'be X.l1h Republ1o now Y1nu117 ate-a llabed.. 'fbi ln4eb11ectnee ot t:t. Pen1an Brotberboo4 to tbe aobolar, labD. 0' .. 1Mwrf1 tt:tr ita nbaa MYeE bMn 41apate4, but

PAGE 19

xix ill 18'rl a a1hal7 nott.oe 1D ,. In York Wth Wsl4, de eribiD& oMabeft7 tbl Pat:MI' et P..SaS., ..... ...... 'tlblt 1' Be la au ot ohlet ot 'be lJtlah NYolU,lOD whJ.eh 1a DR la PNSNU Be OlaiMd '0 be ,. '-, ,. ..... Wbieb 1a .... lor .__ .otllGD f4 tirf.ah aa lla -.Jtloa' 'o aS4 taba -1D \be liP' !'b8 Mabr* aoet.'7 t J4t.ne1J toua4 .,..,.,bS. .. n JA n.-. ... aps-... late'-7 1 WN alH J.W ......... 1D apS.h fill tao' 414 lid t_...117 84.,_ 1 .. san --..r111oe1, ... IIIIM4, ., fln' W llO After 1.8ea, bowner, lllll1lera ol the orpnlaatS.. ta Ireland. apoa lt a b-lwa ._ x.a ... lNt 41a.pee4 tbl wac ot lal'Jalaa ... '-* 'aad tw rrtm -.uu.aa ' IrS.ah ano-11&,10Mrt ... --.. .... Ul4 .,w ftbwl 'bOqbt ,. __ xna BeYola''-17 ae17. a., ._.,.,..,. 11l1,tala .,. ha" doo4 t, au IIbera -x.a.a., lJlle P.sau, took an th f/1 allesia to Il'lab lepUlia, nCM' eatalt8 1s.aw. a. .. 1a .s. .. ot 'bla a .,.. oaa --. .. ot tlw x.a.a., eeenr 1' la --1'7 Nter lrlah _....laatl, ,._ lDI'lala a1 .. wl11 be uM4 .- ..... ehOOM whlellewr f4 u. 'bNe MaJdn abfte lDilleaW be

PAGE 20

XX .&lUlaaap t.aat, nr1nl7 apeQ1ns, la tabe pe1107 till tam PJ.aa BIPftberb004, e. the x.a.a., lt.haa alao a .... ,. a.Snce %a 'hl lwoa61r aeDM it baa oo. atad. tor ... MUlta aplut ... tDatlGD fA apbeN ftaMwl' X. 18'r' aD q11011 ocotl'llN.tw tao t! ,Iritb orH 1Daatner boatUe aot s.. Sa taan b7 Ir1a-.n ..-wt JIDalad SD dalwlll be oaUIId 1Pen1ans. ... r.n ,._ JU.Mnian soo et:r _.gan1ae 'o atrllce her, lt will bt oallad 'PenS.alll' r.t tbe at. Patrtek .&WanM atr!lce, lt Ia ... Let Tnpa.ranoa n atrU., S.t l8 I.e' all t osetr atrtllle, u b8pe ._,. will,. tM preaent OGIU1011 .r tabe Penlall tberbood '-PlaNa. ahoul4 .. w .a 1e .ot Sa ..,. snaNtloa. _. la24 bate tbe "!;!& ...... aa tbe Ir1ab. baw awr ba'-4 11M' alae 1 aa1 nat abe bate4, w wU e-.leh 1' F4NU.an1aa1 tbat batand or Jla&laDS wb1oh 4wua Sa tbt bMl'tl ot an17 ._ 1llbe 4l'n hla tirata au.tenanoe Ill Ute hta tbl bftat ot an Irlah -'her Oe cllltJ 18 to ntaU. batN4 b7 ao tlGDJ ud --lta \oaNI the 4altl'\lOtiCD ot ft1e wb.S.h baa euM4 aaotberlaDA, ad ._.... rJ 1aa4 'bat ewr tel' lta bUgh'lng Sa tba ..... .,._ tbla 1DMJIP"tatl ot Pala1 a eon ot ro.alo Irlah utloaallaa 'o 'bl SAeatltl .. ,l ot lt With 8JQ' aa4 aU tai'U .r Mah la lnd a nap. lw;r .,_ ..... MD7 1fbo wre a* NellJ 'o kill or be killed but 1lbo 4i4 uae IICINl IUU101l iD an ettCift '0 wla B-te lftlaDd ldeht -. .. mw a PS D 1 'b1 tabla .-tos-loal utoe tbat Slan PeSa, wbS.oh beea-. o-.tu.MA wl'h Pealul after 1116, u4 OD tbl w ot \M bla'-1 PealaD lluluri'M'1 ot r welc 1011. oaa oanaSAerect aa a ..... t aoo1et7.

PAGE 21

xxi Ot1t1o Rtpla=pg 'I'M tea "Oel,le reDAlllaee la DO' q to expla!D a a tbe WOlld "..,_S.Ill" In tM pN .. Ilt NHareh I t.Ye uMCt \be wOIId oel*le" 8Jilc.Qil ,., "Irlah" 1D aplte ot tbe taot WenMr' t1p1DrMll1Dfbr1daf Dht&an cletlMa Celt ua ot 'bl rlle' l.,.n lahabl'' ot tt. aauth aDd. wn Ill Buope. ot tabl Oelta tbere are ho snat bnaaa, ns., tbl Gadhello, o....-1a1ac u. Blpl_..ra ot a.otlaal, b.e Iriah aD4 laaa, aft4 o,.na, .... ilD& tM Welah all4 bet-.. '1'bl obaoelts7 ot tl pbnM oeltlo n, lie 1D tbe uae ot 1IQIId. oel,la. !bwetON, 1t .... MMaun d.-ou'"'-*7 I haw tbe -. .. "Irlah NaalaaaDM" 1 an4 wlwn tbe rae t ., oho1 .. been elarir1e4, tbl pbNM ltHlt wlU Nquln elue14e'1. While adal,tlq tblt poea1 -ll1t7 ot ooatu10D renlt f1l ,. UM ot 'be wed. "Oelt:1o, I olala tba ju"ltloat1-. ot 41-'lD&Qlabecl preoMellt t thla ,. ...... !o 4eaonaU.te tbe e..tul whlOh tbl wcm! oeltle, I wO'll4 lJlre abolr h OCII'alllua er--' aDd. WlllJ..aa Sharp uae4 1t. !be toaer baa wl,teaa lD l8N all tbe Braallah-eJIk1fts warl4 tbat hH4a lett era 'a1Jd.Da ot ibl Oel\1o RtaalaMDM 1 ao qdoklJ-c1S4 ana of '' t1Dd 1ta waJ to .-n_, n lt onoe 110ft tban 11hlapeN4 f1t abltoa4. D Ntened to ... '!be Irlah JleDaS. aanoe, beoauae IrelaDLt OGD,r1b\lte4 110at to 1t 8114 beoauae 1 1ft lftlaDd. 'ba' lt aoqu1Nct ita molt clef1D1M purpoae. 'lhS.a pupeu NteU 1ft Ba& l1ah tlw old Irlah l.egellAa aDd t:ba atlU OUJ'l'ent Irlah

PAGE 22

xx11 tolll-a-.a, u4 to nh aD.! ,.. .. .._ tM 11004 ot X.lah Mil aD4 WCIIItD ot toda71 eapeolall.J tboee oo4 whloh -... 'o tbla out ot bJIOOJ"-a .._ INland, lta blat0171 1' lan4aoape, -. ,..,.r ot ,,. people. ,....,tsns Sa tbl .... ws.a, ..,._., oontaaH4 tbat he e.al4 -' aoo-.t t tlal leu 41lieJIIJsllaa ot -'he Oeltlo ...,_ tJIS.ea ll7 t!Mt tanea tbn .._, tM .._lalaalee Bla UttuuJ.t7 la7 lD a too llUrtal d.etlnl,ie or oeltu aDI ......,,1_ ,., .1, Sa bUdl;J ........... ., ,., Iftlu4 1M P.ater ... ot u.a Brlttaa'l ar Reun, 1a Ilia 'loetl'J fill tbl O.lt1o ..... (18151), 8DI .Aaol4.t Sa hla 'On tbe 8td7 ot Oel'le Litera "*"' (18e'7), had. ztouM4 .all O.l,la OOQA1;J'1ea an lntenat in tbl1r Old llteN'\IJie, u lntenat tla' utn4ecl -oh 1\ll'tabilr t-.a 41aOUdleD of tbe AU tbelltloi'7 f/1 oplllraon1a'OulaD' ot 'he proper ... ,._, t1 Anbur1an atoriea, until then 'be UltS.. Thule fill ulll thlnga Oeltlo. and Bngl1ah'Nth heel IP to Wall I 8114 taD7 1 tbl JU.chlanda ot Soo11laD4 aiMl t!aa Ia le f/1 llan, aa wll to 1ft laD4, an4 lt 4oea aot alto tbar explain to H7 \bat INlaid 11atened beat 'bMeue ill lftlan4 1&beN .. a -'- ac .. ot .,s. .. uq-'hM 1n tM .. otblr Jalllla.l Yet, be ooul4 oal7 _.. tou ft oqtas.d8 InlaDd who wn J.atlueDM4 bJ thla Oeltle rnalaaae -.. 11 -...o, f. Be Jb:oa, ._,, D7a1 aDd WUU.. All4, lt -, Oil the atNBC'h ot an .... ., 117 OM ot ,._, tliB S..-- WlUlaa (n. .. Mao:Leo4) Sbai'Pt .. ,.aal, NJQdia'-4 X.lah aepar.'U. tbe aiDe qu DGD ot Oeltlo reaas..._.. '!'be aa. or tbS.a MlAbNtect .... ,. oe1t1e aa4 111 1' r1cma ... leot a JJNYaled JMQ4o-M,lcma1lD1 H71Rat

PAGE 23

xx111 I wcaal4 be ..-. _.-. to be S.S.tlab tban to be OJ' aeots.ah, or z.t.8h1 t11t Welah, or llaallah In abort;, -71at pop0ae4 tblt tbe Ol' S. renalaaan aholtl4 be a tOJ'Oe 'o -snt.tr the B.S.tlah lalpS..ea n. Oelt1e eleMnt 1n nr ute baa a ..S.'-1 aD4 .... part tO pla7 We Mw a aoet Doble J.deel 1t w but aooept 1t. AD4 that 11, nott to p_,.tnaate teudaf to t17 to wlD belk wba la scme away liJ*'1 tbe aotl to 1gnoNnee with .. _.., or 4ull neaa w1th ._,_,., pan wanp w1th preaent --.., bat to lln, ao ' PM7( ao to ...-Jr, ao to ... tbat what et tJW Oeltslo noeat ot tbe 0.1 1o aelu, ,..,....,. ,. peaMr ,. .. or whS.oh w are u1 puc, tbat WS.'h thia Oelt1 --'lea, Celtlo 1oft et bM\at71 ad Oeltla Qbtlhal1t7 a natloll .,..-. .. then aiQ' tbl bae ... n .aJ 1- a nat lcm Jteftnl4 and. atNnphened lrJ tM wiM telJAqulllbiAf! aDd ate.Uaat Jdeale o1 Oelt aD4 su.cm, .. an4 ill ainglene ot Altu.ap then ., ba'le Mell a-. 1ft InlaDd Wbo aSNed with aeatS.!Sa1 one ot tbe Irlah ot tiM Celt1o Nnalaa_., Oeorp lluM111 cteaonbecl tbl oelebNted eaaa7 to a w. a. Yt an abtuttoaa I baw deolaN4 war PloDa .. olaod.. RoU.atcm wrote t tbe Ail lfiifp4 Hfll' a review ot her book with ll1a 1nat1not a1ngl1ng ' Cbe .... 7 'hi DOblen uttsena e ot the loft1eat 111D4 Oelttle Wen17 ow.t!t oo.ay 414 not lllat ,_, a4 tbl ot ..... 1. miele rOWld to I YoluatNCt o wrS.\e a noM to M p1aMC1 alongaS4e Rolleatca .-... poSn' ot .s..w. I wrote hi 4n11 ot an anS.ole whhh I beU... trill an.r Plana fl' :belaDI f01t eraOI'e. tn Boll.e' grw aha14 ot bS.a lnS.ou wbell ..,. poee4 lJJ aiDe ad wrote 'h1 liCIPil!Ds to O'Ofti!J to

PAGE 24

xxiv w1tbdJ'aw bia n Wbat gn1tlcant lnklleotnaal OOD Yiotlou ba poe I.DJ'how I belS..w O'OftMI.J w111 prl.n' ldDe aad I hepe J4N will DJOJ l' D S.. br1et ud ...... aDd 1 expeot DO SOH pahln& will hl'hei'WN troa Ps-Sbal'pe a, ille WQ' O' On47 WPJ 1\\D'q Oil RoU.atCIIl Be M14 wbea a:.fleat a 70Wt8 n he (0'0Nd7) iatluenoe4 h1L1 ao tu 'o blm an Irlam.D, bat wl'h h1a peoul.iaJ' _, M wn11 tet:blr bWelt an4 .._ a Pan low 1ft 1a dQa o lftd:r .,. h1a .-. l'llpenal-1 _. l.ollAtt baa a4YaDae4 ao tar ,,., 1.-baa 'beo- Brl' Ploaa t a book ..-. alok. I wcamd up rq note 1 hopi.J:a8 lt abe wrote lllpoll tloal lett.era ill tbe 1\t '\1ft abe ftllll4 a,.U aolely tar 11ba Soottlah Celt We bee 1ll Inla:ad. are a peaa11ar peopla u4 dlal1lce beilll leGtUftd. tq tOt"elgnera. I hope JO'l 4o not m1n4., .,.aJd.ftc a aae plain t Nth8 a1t PS.C..' a at7le aD4 pneNl 1111tth0da et oc:ll1'uae4 thoaP'e 1100 .Adlll11t 1q tbl o-.tul oaue4 b7 PD4' and. lbarp I -. Sl.tltloat ot oelts.a with Irlah bJ the 418 t1Jlau1.-d preo ... ot 1. Yt Doqlaa O..p Rua MU, Oeclr18 JIOOI'e aD&l 1adJ Gftl01'7 'fbi naMa of tblae re-n ... d Iftab writer aN .ntaW Ia tneaot.ac aequen .. t ohrcmo1 .. 1Ml ....... lfbtNt .... Be Y .. ,., Who ..... ' bHD NOOanl... 1ll ,. Un111ecl a.atea Mt.,. be t.ard ot 111 Bnclan4, a. t1n' Pr Auau' e, 188'1 109'-.H 1 18, aea, be eontr11Nte4 11bt Bton Pilot aD4 r.. a11&b'17 later 4at;e arilelee 'a.7 taOQII IJIS.._n apaN4 1a tM I Pr2y14elu J QVM1 Ia tbl ProY14eDM peper rl:r 1888 a Yea' retened o X.lah pea Cel' , en4 111 tbe rlld at a later date bl 1n ocawot;1GD .S.th anot.btr 1 a.

PAGE 25

XXV X.i ... DI lla7 .aJQ' toUow SD ._ road Todhunter baa Ohoaea. It 1M4a -.re U.N 1a no laO: ot aubjoota1 tor tha Utontu. ot be1u4 u atUl J'GUDI, alclea ot thla road ta Oeltlo tN4lttca a4 Oeltio peaalCIIl oJ71Ga tw aiD8tln to al" tbea olM. -.laDII 1a ol4 bait = ....... ,. \lp ...... ot .. allloat 1aaquet 1 tNt INland baa at1U f\111 tablaael a-ot h1a oontlrlbaatillla to._ BoateD paper, lt la tno, wro I oatltW O.lt Ill LIDia, bat re..S.ra ot t!le lllob 1mn t!Mat Uda oapl ' u Irlat rn wbo 1a at ,... Sa Lcm401l, beoauo aae ot YM letiMn Mpaa ws.lh Il'lab 11tnl1ft aD4 a Inah tbauabt al_. 1 haw to .a .. Aftar.Yeata, Doqlaa wbo ... -.Jal7 re that a..-o-.n bad 41aplaJM aD lnhreat Ia thll tolk1_.. ot tlw Btplan4a bot .. oftr :a. bepa hla Ool leotlq Ill IN1u41 J' be "'ote4. 1b Jla Stm sl. !trll CI!!Uo wnbll, liJM .. u. It 1a at thia llMNhft 1 whieb tlcalllabe4 10 lGDC and waa utinpS..W ae ..,ab, I .. au. to glanoe SA thla 11,tl.e s. la, JIOU8hlJ apeak 1D11 ttbe lltorahft til tbe tS.N Iriah raoo don to thll ,.. 2100, ot asaet7..S. lmr4retba ot tha raoe ..... ,. ,.ar 1'100, aft4 after tbat or ........ 411dB1ablna -' s.. or it, 11bloh attOIIUAte4 ' abou' ._-balt at the tS.. et the ONat afte whlob ciMtb-bl, U tbe Oolta 4S4 not q.alte so with ... _....1 '-'--, t:'sA au lt.tu.hl'e, acap, trad tlou, ftlltd, a.-.. RuaoU, whoee blaat aplna' Sharp la 1Dhnatllla beoauae 1D lt be 41at1ft8'l1aW bet-en soc*ob Ol

PAGE 26

xxv1 1 aDd Inah 0.1,, be ftoM4. Blaewbere bll 11lftr1abl7 14e I 'Uiea oelt wth tl'la._.. aDd a atlrlk!Dc aa'lple1 whSoh s.. a dated 18tt tollon a ftw 1'aeultl7 ot abatftotSn& tr tba laD4 'beb .,.. beW INlud tbJtoush wb1oll tbe7 ___. SD dft1 baa alWQ'I been a Obaraoterlltlo Oel'l poe' .Th1a lllfatlieal .S.ew ot "'", JMUllar tlo lnat one bgllall poet, w.......-h, 1a a -1 obaraoterutllor a4 .. ll ill oNat1 ol Ireland 1ft ll1a4 la alfttMSY 4cme, Gll17 M.S. retelllna )If DR Wl'ltlera' Pauth1 a._... MOON ecmteaaed. !D J!l1! Ill! PanaU tbat W au ewer at tlbe ot an ulan LlteNJ7 'IMatre aB4 ot bla om ,."lel,.la la. tiM O.lilo Ret.aau bJIO&tlb.' I I abou' b7 x .. ,. ill 1818. 8tiN1&l*ft7 hie natl\u'e enY1a10De4 an Irilb.,euJAc DllbllD tiM Oeltl1o .. ,s.,ala AD4 a Sal I'Oie up be tore ot arcoes.ee tltllas up tbe laMn wlth .... ban41ae trGa all tlbt pone ot Phoen1ola, aDd pone alllslq 1.D aU tlbe bowen ot .,.l'r1CD SquareJ an4 aU 1D a laap ... tbatl poet bad learned, tM Bnglllh 1apajl baY lila 'beell dieoo"Nel b7 tibia, S.t bact been d.laoonred -, tlo be a a language that loalnc lte .. r a tater, wblm hla eD--.la bad afllewbat pallef., Moore a.poat J 18tecl wltlh Y .. te 111111 .. I"Qa beMU .. be bad Dft t CND4 peeta ud ,.1Dtera 'bUIItlna on ..,.1'7 buW' lD belaDd aa4 atlU latler, 1 a ...

PAGE 27

xxv11 ..,_,iDa t;M pbNM celt1a .-a1aaanee wS.t.h Inab wnal, be beo-1nYOl.Ye4 ln an wlt;h Jllwarcl bnJIU 'lor B4rd bK 4eo14ed 'batt tbl ""lftl ot wbloh tba auooeaa ot !!a Uft!t't Fl!]4 W ataned. Sa Ife liiD4 -.t be 7 a rnlval ot aU ,. al'taa pa1ntlna1 aou1ptuN, aD4 .aloe .,,.. laD4 aoape aid po:rtra1t palratq be thought be oCNl4 NlJ aa O'BI'len 1 wbo ha4 4eol4ed to to INlaDd.. A ll\lllber ot olwpel.a ba4 be apollt bJ OeNaD etat.ned. gl.aaa, but MJ.aa Puraer bat prGD.iMCI to -..ae a IIAD wh_. ta,bar W bee 1ntSaatelJ' eoaDMhd. wl'h tba PNJapbM11t.e ..,..... ill and \Diller bal' 41reot1on eoelea1aat1Ml an woa14 ll ah apln la Ireland.. Jolm Hlap wa14 re..S.ft DonateUo a4 E4'ftl'4 t;rSM Be t o14 t.bat Al'Obblahop Walah bad. bea approaobe41 act t;bat bl wou14 be able t;o ,..._.. h1a to ae .. pw a 4onat1ca or n thouHDd ,_.... ' eatabllah a obolr 1D tbe upcm 'ba atrlot atan41Dg, ot eoaree, that ohob' Clll17 te alq Vlttor!:& Paleatlrt.ua, Orlan4o 41 I4aao, PN:n.oeac 4e tba otbar wrltera wbo bad gra.,ltated the PM' R-11 o.-poeer. It; aee.-4 ' t tbl log ba 4Hw betwe I'allaa lealaaaaoe aD4 U. x.iah na a telae oae 'l'Jae Ikllaa ba4 apcrtecl nothing, wt Met N ONetecl all -ana at..altaneCJUal7 !'bla Ylew .. bGIJew! .-aooept .u-JIId po1nte4 wt 'bat tM Ita 1a aot lglnal u 1t eaed. at tint lcl* It na indebted luplJ ' ant1qult7, 1114 1ta tla...r daM o tl ap1rlt of ,_ 1114418 .... whieh nS.ll 1n tba utenth Mrd11J7 AD4 lan, to eaplaill uae ot t;be w....s oel't.e lD t at' .. ot tbl parpoee ot tbl Irlab Ll, ... ., !beaU. wb.loh lbe o .. I poae4 w1'h \M ot B. Y' 1Ad7 ONI017 Midi 1. a. I tbSnk tbe WOI'd C.lt;le Pl' lD tor ..ot nc.a Maoleo4 whoM pla7a boweftr uftr aotse4 I .,..u .... quite 1UI4ent oo4 'be las 116 'be 'Oeltlo Mft'e..at, Whloh .. ,.. aa14 to bel4ma o. 1llwD I u-.s aba&tt 1t, I uaed 'o 1t .,.._ 'o ,erluad.e tba ao.-ah to beak lNJ'lq our booka, wlalle we tm eats o b\lJ tbl&a.a

PAGE 28

xxv111 'llata, \here 1a exo.lleat preoe4ent tor tlbe UH ot t;m wor4 o.1t1e aa wlth ill tbe pbra.. oelt1o reoalaaan but tlbl e ot thll pbnae nSna to be uplalnect. ftlla, 11; ae... to , oan be -.t I'M4117 aoec.p11abl4 'b7 a obi'ODolOSS.eal approa41h 11b1oh tiU.a into aooowat '-r1oan m4 llalllah, aa w11 aa Jriah, lnknat lD tbl rertftl. Ia 1M& an who n lD BoetOD, Gae7, la14 the baala t a NYiYal ot aoleatl Irl1h o1Y111sat1cxa 1n 1 a book whleh, be pabllabed tbare. !'wln ,.ara later, :1D 18&'1, lobn O' .. bor&J'' a taDalatloa ot IMtla&' H1pCf7 st. Xnlae4 pQbl1a!w4 1D Wew YCid. o-.saa upGD KMtlD&' aoeaallt ot tlbl Plaana ot Pllm ... Owlbal111 01 .. bODJ' WI aoftCI to write t;bl tollorinc tootDOt;ea Dill_ t.alu_ bt" Mat;loae4, wll aU U. 10i11iiiiii nlatlq to tlbl Plaa.a whloh atlll raaSa, ue now 1D a tab ot ,.-.1s.aw b7 tbe Oaa1an1o BooletiJ of DUllD. U b-lah pub11o, 'both at h.. and 1n '-rloa, Will npport \bat loo1et17 a. lt 6Nenea, ou Penlan literature wlU aOGI'l be plae.C within tbe Naoh ot IrS.ab twtente. Uat11 thoae talaa ot the Jtlau, wl'h t:tw Oaa1an10 Poe .. be Slfta to tbe p!b11o Ia a tNUlatled tON, aothing lJ.a a oan'eot p1oture oaa be 4Na ot tbe atate ot IM lu4, 4v1ns tbla da71 -... PJaD. an4 b1a wanlor tlourlabH 487 whioh be to ocmtltut. tlbe bar01o ape .. h 0111r hlat..,.. 0' .. ,_.7 aor. 1n\enate4 1ll Use w14e Iltlah pabllo than 1ll a Hlt groatp ot Oeltllo aqaariau an4 1D h1a r..etaoe be wrote a

PAGE 29

xxix Tbe book 1a -" apeo1all7 4ealpe4 tlo plM UtiNl'J Itl 1a mOI'e dealgnect t PQJ'POH Oft oonft71n&( ill pla1n .... aillple ..... naiD 1Dt __ ,,_ about be ooun'17 aDd UM818 Ot tiMiJ' aaouon_, tlo Oft tNJlalator: own NOe a4 klnUe4 GO haw nd .011 'S. 4note to tlhll peruMl ot boc*a' and wbMe opportunltl haw uti eaablad tlba o ol'ltllea S.sf \M elepno1ea or wbloh baa Men tol4 tal*' tMill b7 - hepe4 ._, b1a ,,...la,lcm ucntM Sa ltla ....Un a lcwe t INlaad ad a betiiM te 1D81aal1 U '' 'be tiM l'k et a pantaa to be lltS..b 1D ..S .. 11 ' 1Me n ot Inah ,... u4 bloo4 _.. 'han .a fll aJl7 -*bii'J to abhor tlba daa\ro,.era 011 bS.a Ddlcm aDd ldnn, Wbo u. alao tbe OJt h1a s-tei'Dal martsh, With a hatl,.. that; :oeltr dlataDM MD 111'1PhJ tMII U thia -Wltc ot' --\IDi!oubtecl put 1An. .. ap1n, U-. 4ealN t1o perpetuate lJJoi ..onpt tlll .-n ot natlCIIl be tm putt fll a pa111 -, tn bu be d1te4 'hia bo'* S.a a api.J-1' ot 1dui!NIQ&b part1nnabip.B A,..,. tift th!a faftulatS.. ,. PeDiD BNtlrboOd I taxa. la 181'1 ._ Peiu .. Napoaalbl8 t ltla tlNtl SA lftlud aDII 1t 1a aips.tloaat ob-ne t bat at the -tS. 11-labw'an 1ll BJtablrbood. wwe 'lliSDc aiMatt "Iftah ..._. ... ,, Wbleh tlbl7 were a tlo en ten JMN later, after eaaalcleftble acJ.tatlicla Sa ... n.. and Iftlal4, tba ... t.,J,.. ...... .,.,,_ fll tha ' II'S.ah to\uded. Sa DubUD. m.-t17 'beftafter ,. 8 bledlt.M ot an Il'1ah paper !!a PRM!4 Ctl!3t Re1a1. 1. 01Jial\Oft1_ A .lil.et P 8e pp. -m-"l''; le Je ZY111. ' 8M PPlHl '10, See, .... a.. pp 22'1- s.. --a. See PBal

PAGE 30

'l'h1a 1a t;u ear11eat uae of tM wold oeltaio 111 with a Nnalaaanoe wt:d.oh I Ia oUJ*le Ia an Il'la'WID ill Lc81a1 ' .,.., 41IIOOWN4 tbat an lltlah lltJIU"J reu wl ba4 a,.uea a JD tbe lftlaDd 1 ' h-., buta ill a 4latno' ot A 7C1UD8 Mrftnt, bWD Sa Jt1nwra, oo. Cla1WQ'1 and authOI' at a hncler. ot an Irlsh e.. (!be ot it. ot..a...,a) t -Ill e4a1JUDDtlon with tew entmaa1adS.O na1erlrla1 an Iftah re'Ylftl Whloh lad 'o __,. aueh all1np lll Oft' B.s.tala. ..... 1a Pab.J hS.elt, md hla JOUD& ... 1 I _., U'Aclt po11tJalau aa 81l7 BQ 'ba7 ._. tw-M&1111.111 Ut;eral'f a-s eboatleal PNJ .. ' wU. !'biN wre In ennenoe 'tiben ,., totk up an we e8Qle ot Junlar Irlah Lite..., Oluba, an4 a ntral ecNDOll. The wGI'Ic 1n bUd .. a ,.. ... re .... '"- ... ot Irlah oh114Nn 1Jl Jltiah Ill no'h1Dg"' 1n -- -an eft-' ..a tlln lrllh ot tbl 'o tah ':bell Iftah bla'-r aDd -.D7 Jc to brlptea 'balr 111ada w1'h -'l-1 acmp1 ators..a, aDil tft4ltal .. to deftlep taMS.. -cUa O.l.tle hlentaa. J!Null Jabf la tbo 4aJ'8 waa an eathwllan a t1N1eaa 1Nikllr. 'fe17 1Dier h1a --..-, and tblt ot b1a the loa-.rtc bNUh fit tbl J\U'd.OJt Ll'ei'G'f 01 waa tar aD4 -7 tM Milt etteo,1 ot all til ---. In 1888, 4eap1te ,. srowS.Dc pol1t1aal nwea, lt1 ra ba4 treftl.le4 a 1-s b4170D&l n 1Q'an tben tNied. tlw pofth ot 'b.la IN'lP lnto the sw,lwark Irlah LS.'eft., Club aa4 ul,SMM17 lido tbl Irlah Llhfti"J So-l eld7 ot D 1a auoh an expla,lon fill the OIPf.aln ot tlW Oeltlo rena1uuoe wbloh lect 0.. .. BenaK Sbaw1 wltb J111011e wlt tball .. .,....7, 'o 4eolare lD tbe betaoe tor ro11t1olau to i.S&l ftll' otbtE l!lea4a

PAGE 31

xxx1 ,..., aow..-a fit tbe -.n aplrltl Whieh a-.p SA wa OYer Barope are topped ca tba I:r1ah ooan bJ ,. Blallah a-. ot \ha Pj,pan HaQae P.-t. oa1J' a qulat .tfahoo' ot laliah pre-ltaphaelitl oalle4 t:t. Oaelio aonaa.t baa 1-' a foo'1Ds b7 us.q lat1caa11 a lktnc--.n 1 aDd poJjUlarls1zag S.tHlt an ' taok em t}W DatlYI J.anguAr ot ,. Iri.ah people, Whioh 11 -' tortunatelJ alao he natlft lallg\Mlge ot '-lt tbe 110rld, 1nolu41ns EDsla4. Whlle 1Dtenst 1ll Irela:ad. waa beins bJ -.rt.oena u4 'be tonea 11b1eh nre Napoulble te tbe Oeltlo renaS..a .. ""at work lD nat lghtl be called tabl -'17 At tau wben 'l'boliaa .._.,. bad loush' to la7 ,. taandtl ffl' a NYlftl ot Irlah aD,l 8 41\llt!Aa, the l.ea44n'a ol a..1t.o aohOlaNbip 1D INlaJa4 wre s Bqeae oo.r, u4 JebD lD ... .....-. tbeae two ftN .. GQN ... '-7 a OeltaS. loole'J" an4 lD a lBH u-'111r neh SNQP na fcA4, \bt OealaJllo Soel-'7 1 or e wbleh 115udlab a. oCiftiiiJ' .,._ .. pnaldeM in 1aae aid ., 1n wb1oh .rota O' .. bclaf wu te exprtaa hla llateNat a ,..r la'r 'l'bla lno,_.llla pepaluhJ ot CeltS. atllda Midenoect b7 the publloatl ot Silt 8 .... 1 ._paeta kpt IL lJil Wtttt!'B 9IJ1 8 1D 18M and. apptaNUI 'WO JMztl 1atatr of I!a 8$9 Rl. !!JI. SJ I& bttsr lJII. o!!ll!d "1 ,. ...... ws.tt. Tbl r ... tas.OD

PAGE 32

.xxx11 ot lbe aoes.q. te t:t. he__..,.,1CIIl ot tbe X.1ah I.uguap baa 1 a1Na47 'bea .en'lcmed.. ID l8'7i, the Oeello Unlon eatab-11abt4 aad la lta Rfpoft ,_. 1880, WMler ea:.'laa 9Ulle Ja J?&bl&n lftiMI.I ,. nn pallla'l anDGUDOecla '1'be CJM11o 'Dialca baa bHD tor a OGDai&tftble tiS. o duot1ng a 1 Oaello Depart-\' Sa "'-aDt1 Sham:op)J r..aaona 1D O.elio' 1n Xmaa&. and a fdi'UIMr o.r SA tlbe I!!h TMO'fii'iiTa Bealct.a tbl._ tGael.Ja Depar nta I are oorl4UC8 1n tbB '': Hf!a a4 Os!s :bam1Mr W'III\J'.2 ID 1880 tba ptlbUoatlOD of le OtOJ'..,ta hlat_, ot anos.e IN1u4 aD4 t.. tba' date lrDaat ao,4 '" ... Cdtlo reaaS.MaDM al'boup ot 11a P9JM E4 Mlli4J it YfiM I!1tgp. a., 118 'l''bia allm Ultle book, !a ita wb1\e btlOkNa eoftra, wU1 alwa)'* be s.pi'Cie4 with apeo1al .tten1 _,. .. ot IJ-1ah tor 1t .... ts.rat ortenac or u., ..., a.tY1'hl.a .Aaotber blatOI'la f4 r.aiaaa ... da' lt 18881 Ill 18801 the ,..r in wbioh NUl Allhlgblm aD4 Bllan oteal'f dW, W11JJ.a a&tl Y .. ,. pu.blSaM4 bS.a ... g aDt1 D ... laa B.,. h18 ., or a..u. sii .. s..aat ., 'YO bo-*:a that tibl 'tl'fal of Gaello a.e tbe ftY1 or Ir1ah uN "-'" 1n -.uah 4ate.t I I Lam Jts..-, 11r Olll:rl .. Oaftn oomeuu Wqpatt, 8 aD4 Qeep MOON be llded a--a 'boN who tCMBMt tbl

PAGE 33

xxx111 ma ot Celtllo rcala .. aee SD ,. am.tua. After 1100. tbe fot'Ma wh1eb r -iDe NYiwl ot 'bl c1'f11S..'1oll ot anoi.ea.tl IN1aa4 ftaabed 'bell' apope and &twlt;IMn*a Mpll. -.n. ltloSNP:..l' J- IOJOe, S.rben G--1 lui.Pa Oil ..... be b.U .UJ .. tl wl'h YMtla aad 3 IJ'Dael Be ea!llt11aM4 a new fora, a form tlhatl 41ttera Ill Nla'l tlo tlba t--eatabUabed t INland bJ' WillS.. htl.er Y a1!14 lola Syqe ID that 1' 18 ._.. un1ftto .. l. M tba.e two NJNeent ao4eftl IN1aD4' t1Deat .. hlnv aatsb. poet17 IID4 4ftll!l..t ao 4oea .r.,.. "PN 1' tbeat aohb.,..._\5 1D ue nowl ... Yet, ot ObNdt!r !1!11. .r.,.. a taa.,. .. 1,.. ot , wbleh pabU.bl4 lD 110'7, a..u. ., IOJ"r 1' Ia l'\laOt'H, tloelc hla poetii'J Mrloua1J 1 apeak 1111 or ltl ill an - u4 zu.elt tlo lo .... ln4e11ble proof ol bla oarer.l retul ' H ..U.-4 u iD tlbe Yaati pool et tbe Oeltle R.naia-- la deC a Aci81D1 NfeJI'Il'1lac Oft'taln -.pl8 ... t1De1MI ill 11U1 Oonan writlea a c-14 J'hlnc haft llON f-'lts..ct IGJO In h1a "- lJbente alleonloa tJt 11be IMah S.YS.al ot owtq te a bal') than tlbe '" ....... att01'4e4 D\ab11aeNfW IJ1 ah-'1 !Wbe.-15 a.-a t1n4a 1A J(JIJM t!w erad ot IN1ull' uterr reld.fth aD4 new cteparhN Sa Il'lab letteNt I, ., PP 1 H. I O..n J JfD!1 !&I Pkt! PqDz YMra, PP U-11. le . PP ll P ae. a. a.

PAGE 34

xxx1v p,._ ob't'lC*a, t;hough S.Dtu, CNtorS..a et 'be aoboel ot Dala and ga, Irel&D4 bu paaaK t;!IPOQ&b a auddln 11'"17 rebirth ln tM belated reoognltlon ita 01m bas pPOYiAM of. natift materiel. BaM\aat1nc (or ra,ber beJ.Da H'iate4) w1th thla rloh ben.._ tbe JIOdem wrliHira haft t\U'Ded to tba dep1e,loa ot lf'H1 .. ':'::o== reaonable roe4. It 1a bQt a ooulateM 1 aftr a11, r... the exalad ll7t1o1 ot IID4 JIOLlftl r.&l Qllb011aa of W1U1 ButlAir Yeata ,. 'be '10U10lll aplrlha1 -lJMI ot J ... a lf110 Aa Y14eDM ttlr o..na eontea,1ta 'bat tbl OeltlO RIMllaaMe W Nn S.ta .. appee:P ... ot ln'pt'' !4!! l!tetl! gno.e 'b7 Kraen loJd 1a 1811 .,. be es..c. AplD, a ,.ar lar, 1D !!1!. Oep,!J!RODEl RDM Jtt In1UA1 uaed. tbl ta.na o cleal.-te a boll7 ot lltenhft "wt.tea 41lr1na pu' tb1rt7 8 ,. ..... Yet, 1D tbl -book bl 1DIU.eate4 a pNtereMe I tor the ,_. .. Iriab LlhNJ7 Rnift11 aJJ4 la.t a117au ll1glm th1Dk tba' 41ttr'Sa'ed betwell "O.ltl1a NDaiaaanee AD4 Irlah L1tNI7 llnlftl, tlw tollodas ezoerpt tr. 1ahe book ab0\ll4 pat an ead o napia1 w.s. Y ...... 1ll DQ1JUD Sa 18161 he bel-..4, retON1 to 'ba' pMnt1cm ot poe'' aD4 f! wr1sen wbo a talMd bhOOd 1n ..,.ll' e1mt1H1f aad 1n1tlated ,. UYI&IJl' 0-aly Jmown aa Tu. Oel,io Reul- He 'be tlrat ot hla OOI'lM..,..rlM 'o .-aS.D the Neopltlcm ot a wlde pabl1o1 aD4 baa o-. ' be repJidecl \he ..Wl nt or all ':t.t aa, ... 1a, repNaente4 b7 tiM Iriah L1hNI'J' ReY1fl 'be .-roaa 4at wbleh appear 1a ,. toreso!q abrGa.olocloal cllaouaalcm ot tM pblt-NnalaaaDDe, I

PAGE 35

XXXV ahou14 ra,blr nota H aalce4 oboo8e ,., ita be sllabs ud anotMr aa I would pretel' to -'' tbat .-.tb8 ab' 1810 obHI'ftCl ..naSa pbm-aa ID .AMriea wb.Sah tauU.oate that Z.lllb'rleau, at lMn, wre lMaSanlac to talll a-UalQS .... an ao .... lo ill'"' J.D X.S.ah aldiqa BJ.ea. thla )1MiltPJD& oan be noM4 ID lftla4 aDd tinallJ cmc the Iftah 1D LoD4 a.ldln.l.7, tarlaqa 11MNI'J peraona 41aocwue4 theN waa a tll;etant "Oel,lo Nla_.. ld.aa plaM. 'lbl 11tIU7 aQena ot 'bS.a .. .s.wl cU4 -' 1cmc nmw thla 41ao ... ., aa4 b' 1a u. heD\inh ee.m.., the ool,lo NMJ.e nppla.n..s 1ft tbe wttl.ap ot elllMat Irle"-'t -., -thiDa quite cUtteHDt, Wb1oh be o1MJ aMD la the Well of lfiiM 'l'o neaplhla'-t Ia \1M JNaea\ 1Dwatlpt1 ot 'bl ,._ la\lau betwea Peall aDI the Celtlo reaalaa tbl w...S r.teat will be ua e4 to 4eoi'DJe tbl 4oetl'lae ot thoee IIbera or u. Inah Mpafttlat llcrf-nt who belleft4 ,., lgah lndepeD ..... --liJ .. 1 .. 1 ,..... Ill the pbft .. oe1'le 1'-W- ,. ,.. Qeltle bee bMD UH4 aa ,,.,., t ... wtth .... oeeue, allll .... t...... baa 'bMil t aDD. ' u.e NY1w11 1t1 la41ft.duala Ulll .... et rloaa sr'lMa ot 'M Iftah. n-117. tbe da'ea 1818 aD4 181e baft 'bMa ...... bMaUM 'beJ aN S.. pont ill hlatel'7 ut thl aow..at, the eerller MiD.a tbl JMI' 1a wbioh \bl BNtblrboa4 waa toatated aD4 the beba 'be oeoaalcm ot tbl eeleua M4 ....... wek lDftJio'fM\S.ca t wbleh lt wa alllon aolal7

PAGE 36

CBArrmt I D'J.'ROOOO DO DI'*IBII .AID SBPARAT ISJI When tu le&lalahJ'ea ot O...at 8Jt1M1n aD4 Iralad ooaleaoe4 Sll 1800 a Nnlt; fill U.. Aot ot Ua11 t.lMI .S.Ota oli-.aM a lq .. J'S..a or waS' a, oontl80at1ana and Pl'*1b1t;1.a. D 1a not w1tb1D ,,_ 10ope ot t;be pNMil' N-l'Oh tao t;ell n027. A 1rlll 1M rat;blr, b7 lmU.e'lDa aca. ot tba *'" illpeftnt. .. a wiWth tbe Un1anlat s-n7 ..topted iD OI'Cler to perpewate 1helt. Poqr ln be ncRedt tbl retent.l witid.D tba &ft\1P t4 scn.._t ,_,., a NliaDM upGn tbt p.,..-l.e4 olea ,. 4la..S.aa'1, peo1a117 tbrtatab U. e4\loat.1oaal '-1 Ott a!dl-X.lah ad JNBnsUah aentS..nta J e4 t;be til a national o!laroh. a.a1atanoe t;o t.b.He teolllllqQea ot ,. UDlaDia' -trca R.-n Oat;ha11o, acana ad poUtloal cauar'era bllt before t;h1a oppoa1tlcm la 41-aMd, 1t; ..... apJa'OJII'late to wrlh In ..,.. detall about; tm pr!Doipd cteYloea UM4 W tbe I'U.leN ot INlan4 to aanre their retelltlcm ot power after 1800. lll 1MD 1 Sir Bllll7 1 LoN Ueut;eDallti ot JC11aabeth t;o IMlaD4, deoS4e4 DQbUD. oanla bla realdeftoe 1

PAGE 37

I 1 1D IN lad. Vn*11 1800 1' OH"P1M 1rJ 8S.S.7' no oeatora tfh _. -JJUIPOM TbltNat' 'he Ual.S..ta UM4 lt aa a t ,. IOft,_.M ol IN1aD4 lD 'be!Jt la, ... ata B auooeaahl thQ' WN .,. be lMned tJtaa 'be tol1ewt..Dc ._ .. e.S.p'l ot hao\lou ot thoM eiiPlor-4 Ja ,. o.nle In 11081 !be ... J11lftNt1 ill INlad.MD\era 1n Outle, and zaae ot ,._, 1rwt1,ut1ca 1a tM popa1u u4 aeoura c1eatpn1 ot tbe power that OdNla ,. 4eatlnlea ot X..laall. Dubl1a '?tle1 plqa1ea117 ap .. kiq, 1a a olleotlGft ot lN1l41nga Ill"-haaft ot DQbllil. .B 1a palaoe ot tbe V1oel'07, LoN Lleuten&ntJ 1t 1a alao ' ot tadlllnlatntlata, a 11111ta1'7 aDd hea4-quanen ot ocmatabulal')' aD4 ..,.., pOllOe At tlbl bltd fill DQblJ.n Oaatle 1a VU.o;r' SnYaJ'iabq a PJaoMat;at peer Be la appeillhd b7 he Crown aDd 1D vn appoint a PrlYJ o.-11 .r abCNt aliey vW'beN, oea1at1na ot J'OJal penaaapa, Nt1N4 ohiet MOJI'dulea, blah Ju4pa and MMJI penona. ot 4t.at;1DO-t1 fhU la u a4Yla0l'J " The bM4 et tM ,_.Jill ' la tbe Chief SeONtaJT t lftlanl1 a ..-bft of tbe l'llpeftal hl'l'Wtllt "aponalble to 1,, an4 hol41n& a ... 1D eablbet tfa, after a aJce'eh ot tbe u.._._ ... _,.,. dlltS..a, tlbe 4e ... .S.ptt. .... Uad.er ... tbrM ertlel.ala--. ,,....... em a ....,.r ot 'he a.c11ah oabt.Mt, GM a nai&.t aeoretaJ'71 all appelftW b7 tbt Brltlah SOMl'l .. ,, attal ot an adi'Udatend 117 a .,.., neat or bQNaua 4e,.._.nt;a AD4 boarda. There are a1xt7.....,.ll ot 'hila-alxt7-r. ooatl)P, o.apl1 oate4 lt'Napon.1ble ba41ea eODIItunlq the Pft..._lltal bulneaa of the ...... nat 1D Jlulope, _. -' a alrlcle qge ot 'bela WS.thln ._ reaoteat l'MOh ot pabllo

PAGE 38

a !!!!. lrop!rti 1t4 Olattt In 11111 tbe lad z.-4 I4.fttleDal'lt ot INt.DA RO ed.ed '' ' ... 'bl tmt sown ...... 1 or "-IJtuh 1 hM St'J a&, alnee the ,...._, na.uoh 1a oanee1'1'*S .al7 WS.b tbil ._,, up Ull, lt. 11 bdd17 oerr 1&o poS.n11 cat' 11ut n.&bllD o.nle ..-1JW4 n-abol4 ot tJDleaiaa -.l.Da pe.S.cd WW'I oouS4efttsS... T-Nll-at 11he UD1CIDU'a llJ*l .U pi'OpeftW e1aa .. a ai.11Slarl7 ..... t.au. Ja 1114loa,10D ot 'ht ..nner ia aioh .-latMr 11be1r ,..,. .. ,..-sal.17 aplala 1lbl.a MMel..._ 11M 11S.. ot 11be l.JiftalOD I fill IrelaDil 117 .._,. II Ia lJ..U1 tlU 11be tiDal Yiets0'17 ot W1111.u III onr 11be Ir1ah Jaeolt111ea lD 11881 1;1,1ea ' 'be laud ba4 .-4ual17 bMD M4PII.ft4 b7 'he" ..,_lah lnWMtert and tibelr Il'lab 8JWI*11hlN 1 fteN .. o. J'U'PM ... _polio)' 1D. aU 11he 'oGDrla -., t 'plant;atlcma, t aD4 t-te1tuN' oawle4 out "' Ct Bngli.lh JJlVaMJ'a, ud _., waa .. .. 8D4 own 11M laD4 ot INland. .,o 'h1 eD4 tbt Oe111u peeaat17 ad tllr oh1etta1-JW "" 11o be deapotle4. .,..,. -tbat ooul4 tteott.Yel.J' ...ue 'bl objeot Juat1t1able. 1ntreata ot ,,_ '"1Jcll 1n OM n1p, ot 'ln' en4 loJalt)' 1n 11bl aea, ot 1lhe b1eaas.naa all4 eblightJ'IIItnt ot EDgliah 4MM111ca alwp. lothlna of tbe. kiad. .,..,. aYOut417 4oM tw Pl1'P .. ot nlpr phu' '!be Aqle-lltlah ladl.orc1.a orea'e4 ill 'hla Dtie:r tOI'M4 11llt b\llk ot 11bl popml.M tlaiMI 'QPtll whioh 'bt Valc:ala'l Nu.de leYel'thelela, 11bl lad.lede "" aGN s-eaponaln 11o

PAGE 39

JMbUo opird 'Mil DQbU. oanle Two _..,.. ot 'hl pepens-4 elaaa were r ln'Ndulft& ,. ooopeN ttlft lll'o .ta.lad, Joba IOMt an4 W1US.. !''*'Pe Ill l8la beaN Roben a.. .., to a 1 Ullloalat auclJ.en ill DtablSa e &oolalS At -., tiM 'bn'e waa aana-t.a lUlftatl Ia Ireln4 u4 VaD4eleul-ao14ed to .._.-bla ., ... ' RalabS.M, o...-,. Olare, I lnto o,.Ntlw tua. Be lable4 ' ONlc an llllals..b-1 .. n aDd a hri-.4 fill OWn, ' ...... lt, W111S .. aDOther lftah lel\41.-4 wbo aoca-t.a'ect wl'h ow.a. 1fbeD be obaeft4 the n ... aa of 0.18' a Weft ., lalaldu, 'l'holqMI de o14e4 ' at teat' a aill1lar ua-*' !ala own tlatea 1 but I he 41M betON bU obJeotlw aohleftde 'I'M eD4 Ralabllle ... apeftaMllar. Yalldelftat, tbe Nault ot aublJ.Dc deb' wat la.to a4 l'ftah oouna aent,.._,., tbe Uns.auta n aw.d at tt.rat 1t7 a.cllam.aao ad later Q' an .._ .. ,s-al are ot r own oNatl kilh H ,.nUTS.C the Gaello Irl.m.n a eloa aD4 'be DtiA P 1M.

PAGE 40

8 trn101111t Oower:n.ent a a 1n two rhetor1oal quMtS.ODa 1Dd1oaM4 tlbe pnbable ob.Jt or euoh t .. oblnpa no.a not tb1a olCJIIIIl need. a pal'd1ant Ia lt Aft7 Wft4er that I acae1 tiMe coeree noh a s lnto quSat and RbaleaS.ont" 'fbaolreNJ 1 .... ula7 an4 QaplJle aS.Ud the 11nloalate 'bJ 411 lnatinl atlIrlah 11teratuH, One ot thea referred to tbe Bl'1tllah lllpt.N an lephlld, an4 tlo Irelan4 a ataJ.'ftd rats t "lNlaD4" aal4 0..171e, "1 a ataPt'ecl nt that oroaeee tbe path ot an elepbant; a wbat 1e t;he ei.pbaDt to 4oT 81qeloh I it, b7 IIMftDI aqaeloh ltl" .. Hllla7' 41epuasnent ot anolent Irleh 11teratuPe eDNpd .. ,tbn .lmol4t The lnYaluable --lpta ill t:M It;.,.. LlbnJ7 tbe late as.r JtoMn hel propoaed 1a l.MSJ, to '-7 t Brltlah ._._., Larctllaoaula71 _. ot tbe .. a ot Jlueua, 4eotare4, with 'be oont14ent; ahall.aeea 111\Sah h1a eo adld.N4 'b7 ,Ulle epeanra ADd 1n,.....-s.ole wltr tm4 eo lldoleabla to all a .. Nbere tflr t'Nth, that be aaw Dotbllll 1D t be wbole eolleetl on w arth pareaalDc tw the ._., xoept tba eon.apande.. ot LO'Jd llelYUt. -. tbe .a..rs.oan .,.. !bat le to :I; tha eonreap_.. ... ot .. lYS.lle' the thS.ng 1D tba oolleat1ao abatt wh10h Lord llaoaula7 htuelt .... -"". And ThaoJcera7 ...-.n ao low to ngeet that Irilh are rW011lalaa

PAGE 41

I flMOlriiN7, Carq,._ ea4 Jllloft1a7 11M ':t.lr lld.t:atora in lNlud ot Wboll, Lwer ad ot.JtJ.a Leftr weN tbl ao.t ,_... Aa an eauaple ot UJd.Ut .._S..oe te Wb!Oh la'ier 11ppealed1 Doot ot MlaltJ Oollep 1 Dalla, be elte4. 8Pt.Dlrle7 GM oooaalCIIl Hl4 to tbe aldt.ca-rt.an, ....... ,n.. 8\lrelr, 111', 70U 4o aot n to MU u that tbeN uuta al1&b'' eYS..._ P"ft that 'bl Irlah bad aD7 aoqua1nta with -" ot ol\'1 llH4 lite ete1'10l' to .. un'flll lD X..J.a4 ol tba Bngl1ah!l '-" eo J.ea .... pepalari.'J', uMd t a nook ebas-.oter an -tq entha'opo14 eo - 1M lmom ,,_ n ... :trt...a. IJl ll P!CI4J !fJW!Ic Ja Ibl&l1 f.Mer 1noor,_.te4 a \JPl n-ot OM et the Qaello Iriah-1 MD 1ato Wl7 tltl8 ot 'be Pla7 r.t.r Dot bl1pe4 to 4t. .. lllllate tbla .. ataa aaU..po14 lla the obaN-1 ot JU.okll7 I'N lD gerlta 9'MPG bd he alae NY1le4 the Irlah Npdt:U.u ot 1'111. In btl DOWl Jlpr> f&fED!l .u ro ta14 ot tM haeh Wh.tAll late4 ' E111ala la ot --X.S..h 1D ...... who joi.Md ,. heftoh r .... .,, ,., ba4 u ........ l'lnM7 ... ,..,. a11 thole Jelaecl u ..,.. utrl.J' lwU.tt to tba peat ..... ot Iftah lndepeDdenoJ their thougbt;a _..,.. roee aboYa a row aDd a pillage. D o be a ..... ot aaok, p1un4er, an4 outNge, bat -., !bat .auah WN ,. lj.-N1 aen t&Mn' ot 1sbl I belJ..eft will 41epa' we, hom'"" 1n lgnoran .. or 'he t-lr -... .. 1n'erps-ete4 all ,. bat-\la-e rua w114Dea an u ... .,_, .,.._, ott a hlah-

PAGE 42

' Qlftt4M1 utica, after emtun ot \lea ..a 111,....... _.. tshe dat.ns ot 11Mft'J ' laat. Bll4 poaMaM4 IDI7 fta1 mowWge Oft illle w 8hcRtl4 at cmH baft -.t ot thoa. e WbO jolMct ua, ,..re ot aa7 Satlu.oe fir etal It 1 JaOW alii a n ol _, ... a\N,ed 1Dto o-., .bt wu _,.. o H cae .twe a1aotm4Uot bta4 o:baraetzt be4 drlwa hS. ,._ oolatd.ns with bla equa1a J D41 ot \be pea1an\J111 ou tolloaJ-a were ot tbe ., 1_, ...... a u n.tldnc 'o en' et haSarat. aa4 0.1'1 NUS.aaaoe to po:blt ' tut Wlll!aa Btl*"- who 1 _. a .-ber ot bot;h _."' te vi' ot lheH ... n 1a h1l pla:r, OtN !1 !tpp ftll7 abaU 1M ,.....,.,.. t rMr n.1 aba1l 1Mt all-.e tn ew e.11 'be trtct.nc ,_ ..,.r !hi PI bea thea t .-..1 w ,., CJewp ..... l'laa ot b1.a t.a J!t&l IE Ptnn*& to tell ol 1da ....,. .... ,.., JobD JIOGN1 wtao had ' the .,..h ' Jtlllalaa e., 'bt tlrllt Pftal4eDt tilt the Iriah waa UNIW at .Mblee U4 driftD alq 'hi I l-Oacla OlMl' "'bela o Oaatle-.. Be 41e4 1D Jll'18 lA aMl'1c to U. help whleb 'be" Jlacl1ab aD4 X.S..h aath pw to \bit tlw lat\er wre a14ed. b7 an edl\ .. ,1oaa1 .,.,. ot 'b. om ftlltl heYlcNa ' 1UI51 -DUJ'7 ect\aDat101l lA lftlud ba4 .... DO .OilMl'll 1!11 \M aOYeftiMil' !A that JHI' a la'lol BeaN, oou1a,SAs ot tlw h'oteataanta aid tawo Oatiaol!aa. appo1B'e4 ' Nate UDl t .. aohool ft 1. a.. -.. a. w. 'X at . a. Yole I, P ID!l PliD P '11

PAGE 43

8 '.l't. etteot ot 11bla na eMU Ia t!a peral.-tent ettoztta to ql1o1ae oh11.d.Jwl. \'be ot tbe Ba8llah langQap entcroe4, marq thCJU .. Dda ot ah114ra OeeUo. Thia lllght be jutl.tlecle. blat & eGUl4 ba:rdl7 be tor t:he u text 'bMir8 ot h1ator1ea whloh extollecl 'be -.- ot tbe ocaua.., bJ 11ah at1nre 1pa an4 l.au4e4 tbe deteo-tlOil of England trom t be Cbltroh 'o wh1oh 1Nlaa4 alsap liYe tbe ... ....._, __.. hretull.y Ml'-4 wl'h a n. ben4 .. roabt&al 111134 ._,.-... sa14 au lMM*, 'On tM Hd f/1 Ireland u BDala&t,wheN tale llwa. ._, people 'lb.o llw Ia X.1aDd wre bona Ill BQaland. (no ttu.e per oent 1 poealbl7) aa4 w epMk .... las- ad .,. oa1J.e4 na'lme and 1\lPPNIMd fNacJel'l wbi.eh scota t .,.r .. , beg1Jm1ftsa Bteat:bea t:blre a ... with ac:atl ao daad 11M 'o b!Melt baa aa14a "nd.a 1a ., .. .._., S.ft led'' ... ...ot ,_.lr ._....., 'o pHmote M41t:1oua tlSna. t"" SaMJIM4 1n t:ha treact.r in plaoe fill iallediai'J 11n Dded wlt:h the toJllnl MQlet: I I t"-lk ,._ soodnMa &D4 'he .,... wbloh em ADA da71 a biPPJ. Jh1sl1ab oh114.'1 !be ut: 'o 11hlth 'h1 aolM>l .,.,. P"JUe4 ' ao to ebolltlb u. Oeello lanaaaa la 41ttS.u1' o beU."a Iaah a badp ot .tnter1or1 '7 u4 aob.oolbo18 sa _,. ,.,... or< c.-Oht M4 u '17, -... ,._ lMtl,m..a:.olH ot tb11r Jaoa\1 -11 a'lek oa wblah 'lMtlr ,.... ... ._ oa a noie t e'ftS')' w.-d fll blah apolllen ill 'be1r bearlD& ' -.e, ...t :t. aoh pn alap t ..,

PAGE 44

lD llddi'lon lSatJ.aa ,_r ot .._.,s. tbl ,..,_ns. .. - b4 Dal.lll UD1oaSata oalb* ,.r,.nat .. ......,. OI'PJls-4 .. 11p.. n. Aot at UDlOD w44e4 the Cblnb fit Jlre1ad wlUl Cb&aJIOh ot ._laad. 1ll ... h __ aps. .... 1 Alt1ele y ol tbU ... 4e-eluett, ... oo.-SDuaaee D4 ,.....watl .r aal4 VA1teo. o-..b .. .. ,_..u-.. cn.a.h ot .._-.. .-lftlall, 11aU lHt 4M8ec1 aDd k' 1 & to lMt e.-tt.al a4 hDdl 1 fl tbe Vale. ICIM pepalu ---' t 'bU Mtt.-1 ab\INb wa Ia tM r&ofttl ot X..J..d -. .. ..,..s.aa cU.aocatn' ._n a NUc1_, the ell' le-'h ctvr Ul4 ,. oaup o.Mr w --, .. ,.. Mfta1a --' pft1'1ll ... ..., .... .,. '" ... ,...... ..... ot 1JD.ioa 'M Nllalaa ebaJiafte tlwM' dltteND .. I aa to be aplo1tet. ftat 1.a 1111, w-.a J)entel oo .. u. _,.,11 au.c& -..-... b oab-.n toa tbl Oetbollo Aus.ns... IS.. au...-:r.. .. propoe..S to the ot a oppoeit1 ,...,. 'rbe mlnSo -.Leu..- tu, tS.1 .. to 4 ' pwat ldl"-7 -aen111CD1 fd tM bot:eatan\a or Ulner -" tba' hll woul4 'I* 1D ...s..w 'bl uu. ,_eatet to ot ta:a:.t -o-v1tUMJ 'o tlk alao ot prMntlng tb. ulaJut t h1a ..-l'aM4 aonas.p -' at7le b'-..lt tt. '--prownor ot tbe botletaant Be detitl at the -'11111 lata -H -lpOftllt .. bal ot ru.. JtY' eab!nn t!'tJ 1. D. Pe 8114 J. 0 Outla be!! Jill altai PP Mlo.lale Daritst;, ... .ill,., 11. o. JA&Ijf, au. Ill,,., RL oo,..u, ,. MO.

PAGE 45

lO Ol'r suaaaa ....... Wli8t tR'l7 uaeSa11 tbe ,..S.o&! be t.aw'S.piiN 1a .,.._. at. 1 u.u. Caw sac 1 laun Yet ,_,. ...-. I .. ..... ,_'-' t ,.._ '-Ultltatac u. o.,._ I I II ZS.la4 Ia 18'11 u4 .. loaal .-.... n.n' fll ...-s. .......... -u. -..sn.,t ........ ''--Hlwe, ,...,.._ OBStsta u tbdt -tna Ucl"' ._..._ ..s ,.Uts-1 ....... PoU'ieal t tM Ao' fll tralOil be 41Yi4e4 Jato tbote eo __.. wlUt... to 8Mtlc M ..,.al 1' a_..1 ... 1. all4 tliM til M1ieW4 '*' lt t-.14 ea1:J 'M -UN _. ,_..,...,. ,.... .,_ tbe _, JU' ._. 11bo faY...a .,.,,. et aa zn.a N,elle r.u s.ato Jat' Ja a s. ..... .._, ., .... .,.,.. fll ..-1 lhllS ia t!aa OIUJt art&. -.1' .. 1100 ft1a U ao lMe fft a bl.a_, .t ,. 41tt'aNDMI betiw the ... llala o,_ al ._ f/1 a... D -MM1aa17, uw..-, S:a4laa' ,., theM 4lfte .-..e.,... ...ut.e4 Ill

PAGE 46

u lftlecl -.. aq wuu.a IU alp.e4 tu t'Nat7 ot r.s.* 1 with ,. 4eteate4 Iftah C.tMllo Jaoobl ill 1111. a Ia ,._ tld.a ''-tba' ._ ..... u.a r-1 r.w be .. Tld.a oo&e 4S4 llft .-.)7 JMPleau tHa IIMlal,lNt alae 41avS.INte4 ... iDa, tbe " Oa....Ue 1al'7t t.n. ' ocmoeJM4 tbl lah4o.era 'o aoqulN heeb0l4a ,._ bJ 1nher1tADM to take U. or ... 11 JHra at a oruahins rent. BJ the 'O.elliM "-'' U tbe eldeat eantUI'!MCl -.ooeect.4 to .. 11UtJ. ,. nbftwlH '' eqQallJ 41'tlde4 'fbl Oetholloa b geMNl .... bll'NC1 rr. 'N4M .n4 JJI'.teaal.cma, edl.toat1ort, ott1oe (SNat or .-11)1 ju'S..a. 'ba o' tbe rlgbt to aJIII8 aD4 a bol'M .& LoN ObaDMllar I .. W,17 a4 up tbl .. 1na wbeD lw deolaN4 ,._ beallha "!'be lR &oea -' appOM aQJ noh ,...., I eon eU.' an ll'lah RaJI'l OatMUo. -n. nrn s,.._.., t.lw _t.u, tbla oo4e taken lA 1'711 wa:.. Irlah OatboU.a WH ,,._ tbe to .-. t ou-414a' 'o Iztiah ,_11 Panlllr .... ua11epa1atl toUawa4 Ill 1 '111. .& _.. laM"'llll law paaM4 bJ 'bt X.S.ah Parl'aaa' at tlal ln .. ,. eubW R.a Oatlbellaa o baw

PAGE 47

u ftnl,, la1Dta sua Oelleee n ..,..._h, ,.,7 retwN4 to -....,...., t1 MilA Ia 1'11 Ul4 1 ... , ..... Sau7 &D. IN1a4. !bla 1a an .. .._. .. tt.n .. 1rr ,. Ao' or Uld ...s Sa 1101 ,. ObHntaa I eatattllebed \blu eln bool .,._. r..t a :a. .. f/1 .. la, larldh'a .. ..... n .,.. al la .. -" ,..,., liU, tba Ienita en..- Woe4 o.u.... ftaaa the b ....... a-..:la .... Sa Ifta1a OatMUN W ,.._ .. 1-a a _,, ...... fll tloa " 117 booll -bo1' .. "' \be -a O.'laollo ClldOe ., .._.. ..s DeaJel oo ... n Althoqb ._ MW Ntlee' the llltue-' Whleh tllt ,..S.atbood Ia Iftab autue, lt ... w ... ..... tS.ttilla ,_ --llcbl ........ ,.., ................ ,1 ., tb.U IDMNR wblle aetS.YlUea f6 he prrn'eeM JQMa ue d.iaeu .... t noaa .._. oo ... u. la 1'1ta bSDl'7 a.u. .. Dub11D, ftltn - adllll' ROa'belio ahlleata ,... laU., ........ ... ........ Alt'*'P ..... I ---...... GetbeU., Ida Mlr'tee M7 ........ oa,holS. ._.,.,.._ aliA .,_... till beat ot all h1a ._., 1

PAGE 48

11 .,... Il'l.ah .... 111 s.,,..... .... ... t;t. aD4 1 heov M s'" ' taM -"JN4 OlalH!:l ot lftlud.. lD 1611 t1 be -.P'ft .. oo ... 11 1ll thAt la''-' ett-' ' .,. tbe .,_1 1na alto11aW u4 ill ,. Mwoizl JL OM''la B.Mk bt _..oea.c tbe alt''-et tba .,.,. ,.. .. tlr XrS.ah ._n Oat;bD I 11 ,.._,, WN toi'M4 te .,..,. 'ltbla .. tlalt11eht4 OlaNh. Ill a4d1tion ,. tbeM IO,I.YltS.I 11bloh !aYol.Ye4 b18 OIIUeb, 1\ I ..,. be .. ,.4 .. ..... a"-'"4 J'ltlah npa'bU.auJ u4 1t7 !lie IJ'&Ih !tlte r ......... nt.4enM ot ...... lt nteu, -m. t _... .. 11 fll b.la ''" le4 ._. ...... w!llteftr ble qulltl.'i .. a _.loelollt _,. ba'h beea JlooN ld.Melt 1 Wll aN tbat M not qQallt1e4 to wrt.te B1f5m ._ Jnlet 11bleh bl adertooau Be...-... .. lt wlth l.audablAl 1l1teat1CUJ '*' Clll7 after '' wu ta a4ftlloe4 414 be bJ tin& PnJlle u4 oU.r 1 bolan tba' loath ane1ent b1a ton ol Irelad 111 tbl O.ello tcap ne4 and ,., .a 001ll4 nad t!laa. 'Ooo4 Oo4& ._ . 'W!IJ 414 I eftr .... .-. Wl'1te a h11'017 t/1 IrelandfS A1tb-aata n.s.1 oo-u, -.lllce ..... t.liDil.J" with &1ah "paltU.aal Nl .. lt7 Ylnue ot ld.e et t..n -11 .. te tbe 0.41t101l of bla tellew X.S..h a.u1Sea, be - Jeattnc tt.aue --. Iri.ah ..,...,.._,, 111 'be ts.Ht; ,.._ t;bl a.s.Dfteth - 'fbi Oath.Uo AHoolatl ot INla .. es.h tCIUIIle4 Uae ''"' aiaa '' 'o appeu at' the paa .. p or 'he An et V.S.OD tor

PAGE 49

16 ot -..rs.,tSac Irl......,. _,. a .,..1 o --..1 Be t ... A 'be 4H1p f/1 oCIIIIb!Ding tbe Ifteh OatboUo ailllcna. _... tbl nperinteD.dnoe ot 'bl natiw prl .. thood, ia'o a ftet lJtque aplnat ._ u:1atlna Ol'der, aD4 ot we.taa ocmoeaalon ot the Ca,bollo olaiM fttcaaewt7 oppoalng pan,1n ahte 'b7 eont1Duou agltatlca, ..-.olDs alaoat tbe tlbolJt f/1 tlw .lNt m1tattect w1tbin ocmatltsu,l-.1 llldta. 0 tOcawll nood at tbe bM4 tbla SNt Dl t1onal .,.. u 11b1oh_, oGDtrolleG rna ,._ tun to lut b7 hS..lt 1tn.1pr1etbood, ntia117 aGD aerYatlYe ia 1lhc \be OatlhoU. M8oe1et1ca .. nppNaud. sa a., ho DUe UD. pepera N Pnt=1a logptJUII 't. Mp8 BttsldR After '' :a.4 bHil .. -..at._., oo ... wte ..-...-... 1M, Nfi -n.., Ill J..a, oa ... n elaO'e4 ' hrll' ' ,..... .. 0 .. ,,. Olafte A' ... ._.. ot tlhe ot otftee ftqabel. neb to eaolwte oa,wsoe t. dttma at atlld.aaM WliMl oo ... u "rue& to ,_. 1' _. ,..,.,. .. to "* .... rul.ta ._, ,....,. .... 1w oalu hiJWlpe'S. Ja bla Bttel, --.,. De v .. baa ,ol4 ,..,, Wben tbe o1a" Mtloa' w.a b7 .., ta'ber .., ....... bla ..-_s.nt,-that Oatholto liane1 ,.nu. _, toll It pl'Ohd .., .. aaotlr ,... 1*1 paaM4 (bt ot 181S) blUe .... HRN4 bontlfta le N'1Da tba.PA.. fill -.n. BlU.' 1 ... ,.._ ftnHa u4 l .. u I' elt,._ Saa 'o t;Op ot a hl;: !11ar s' ot a h111 GPPOelM eu ho.t th how,. t' aohieftd IIII!D'fltn ocmoe1w, an4 andSn$ up.a 1' tw ld.nutea, :nns UalSe4 IOI'Oh N\UI4 IQ' bea4 la ,._ ga11blrins dutme"

PAGE 50

Oft tbl peUtU.lurn 010-.11ta qltatlca, ,.._ .ats. au -. _.., ""' bJ.a .... ,s.cia nth ,,. Oxt..s --' -.4 ld.a .S.ld 1..,_, ia X.l.ah ..... -'l.a Ill tbla la ot ._ '- -.17 a t ,...... w..a aur aa-..u. -I.Jetl .,. .. BlU bad lltllne&, _. .al7 elltSAal .. 1ft, at w.c, bat I alao tbe Clbueh teellnc wtd.eh ba4 .Jatc bNll - bS.a mte' 11a Iftlh '' ,.,_.... trbat oc-u a lw Iftah _..... ad. ma h1a -- aclbHrell' ......, ,.n, --r-.,... .... bla talth Ill CIMlS.. .. JIIJdq DatS. liMNW Nj\lWUte4 a1 I a IPU'&ll' ot oc .. 11a .rr..u. Iii s.w ldll 1a J'atla JaJa Yet, all tbl-... w-.. 4, Dalla a BrAe la ,.,..1117 J'lpt m elaJIIS.Da tbat o-11 ._. .... et.a1 ,.,, 1aftiMP ud tft41ts.e. of IMlullt it WCM14 1te S.. teNatlac ... oo-ua pial t11 a ,....s.MDt Iftah OatboU. la,_ dill oO-lU.te, no Mll14 haw ...,ls.4 ... wltb hi ... --lie a \he Oa,bolle AMIatl _. a r.u ' or t D01,.at4 .. _. tba tats..w tfteDCl ot oo ... u aact ot' ln tbe 'Llbea.''!ba 1..,.. er slYlDg to Irl'-D tbl .... ot tbab 1ewct baret OaHian Ia llah ouplell !WI att tlcm to.,. a t;S.. 1 ID4 bla t;nulatS.ou Ia ._ mat olalM felt hua 'lw SNMtul .._ -.. .. flit ld.a ooant; -la 1818 bl a tn acmp t .. 'Book fit Irllh Mlu,Nl.,..t&

PAGE 51

18 'l'bl Ii-1ah x ..... '1'ba lateNat 'tlhleb tbt B-.n Oll'hollo pleatbood. teak 1n lrlab oulhft baa Nell OJtltlolaed Q' 'be Ilah NY01utlGMI7 1 l'ftne1a Jleapr. oo1141mM4 bla alM ca.so- ..,., te aeal.Htt.ac In. a blat017, t 1' SJKtlftqaeaoe ,. tbl ualhd. aD4 'belr att....,-to t up an X.lllh' NPllle 1a 1'7181 xt la an ed4 tletll Wbloh NJIN .. nt 'be Z.lah Jenl' u .,1n, .. aplnn atat.lll'J ot tlw .-plft sa Inla4. 01' thJIM eaoeptlou ,_, l ..,.. DOt oo ... w-. ..... Bnel'tbelaa, 1' ..--be cleft1e4 tbat ... Sbl' ebuoh a.pla,.& an lllMNn ill Iftah lapa... IDAe Ill ar pel'label Baallh \1DIID-, aD4 tor tba* " it t 110 I othar, ewrN In Oallla alwa at .. ,..._he tfbe aon anable X.iah eool8M'le o .-tbl oaue ot hl natlw 1aapa .. 'be ftewND4 Jela .. ollala1 A"bblabtp ot 1'\ta1 1lb.o ... tbe t.c ot O.e11o lD h1a U, aotab17 at St. Jarlatb' a Cou.ae. Hla .... hltl ob8taole a 1a0k ot Nadine tenal. VllfartnaMtel71 Bilbop Be4eU' ot the I Bible lDtlo 1M11 afatl4 zun 1M 1lN4 t.J ROatholt.ca. Bowewr1 'haft ... -tedl ot a NlJ.ci.ou MhN wbloh WN aft1lab1ea Pe bMD p1ablb-.t ill tbl DJt. Dtale-q' Irlah Oateohl aDd :o.. O.lla&t*r' Inab Sel'IIOha lMh ot u eiahMenth ntUJ7 WM al ... ltootu a'ftllable, ' l.aaet till 1888 wban

PAGE 52

1'1 Pr. 11tlllftll1 tiDe Irl.ah wrai of 'be Ia1tat10D' o.. ' J and 1t we ueept tbe few tras-nt a 1D Mlaa 81-oolra' 1Bellquea, 1 a.one ot our poetrr had appeafttd., pr1or at all eventa to tlw llUbl1oat1an ot BardJaaftla 'Irlah Klnatrela71 lD l.Ul.l. AD4 1ft 18M thla ar 11at all&tlt17 ealarp4 wbm 0--1-lan I Is-lab ar-1' appeaft4 w1 th a peaaage t.. the IlJr!j tra late4 1nto &1ah '07 Jobll lt111 l.akr, Dootor .... Bale, who a ut1Ye Irlab. apMlller an4 Uke oDeeofta, 1ntereate4 in tNUlattq 'be 11114 Sate X.lab, t.lp ... to 1D erea .. the ot ted a SA Pl'lDta 'lbe woaa wre !eap 01'1oata14hl or Ir1ah Oateoblaa,u Iriah Pre7er-Book, OraObh UJ"baigbe OralbJahtpe, tnnalat1on ot ao. alat7 ot Kocr' MelodSAtlt ot S..r_'. 'nS..d' (tl'Ye or whleh sht aD4 an Iriah Ve:N1cm ot 'Penta.tnoh TM wo:rka tben are _.,17 tMnalatloat; 1n4M4, -.17 or.l81nal wOI'k ot h1a in the l.tmguage 11 we beUeft1 the bliiD w NCt po. be wro s.n liM 1n bODr ot tbe COD oeptlon. lD in ot the pNhCliJai NUI'U about tbl hiatOI'J' ot tbe R-.ft OaU.llo Ob&Nh 1la X..laal, two p...s.n.nt JaJ-n aD4 Ir11h olllhn, lt la pemapa not an eugerat10D to Aul:tNJ' De v..ot )Qpel'bola wha be .... .-e4, :h atter the lapae ot n7 )Wara that tbe JDNb lng. fill lftah h11tOJ7 tlaabed UJ*l lt poad l<f, althoup not a pol1t1oal _. Bel1g1on In 1ail4' clt 1 .,_, ba4 aot been a aeriea ,., .. '"'1.... A &Nat 4eat1nf ba4 bMn working l'Mlt .,, trca tbe ot lna' from '!:a' ot st. Patl'lolc !be llor.all 'S.. tbe tiM 1 t tbl faal I.ewa bad both ot thML been bll' ep1aoct 1. ., ,,. .. ., 1 !MBtM, J. ao. I. Jlti4. a pp .sAr." a. ..,...., A .!11. P aaa.

PAGE 53

18 Dl. !er! x. 1aoo ta. .,.., wlk .r tbe ,.,.latia .t INJ.aa4 1 wontct 'bl liDde hla peuaJlbT -oau.u.. a..ua epee1r:lnc D4 11lltera' Yet lt tM ln.olaMa17 IDMI'l'or Uld -lou t..U. t1 an uos.e..-nlftN fill ... Nit fl \be ... w Span. l.a 1100 tba fltaedat IISDorit7 b84 tM HI' ot .U WOI'l4e .b4 tbl WlhH t tJhU NU.S Mate .. 1Jcbtle4 Ia pC.tlft7f.nc ,. Irs..h u .. u. IDa Ia a bla bin& whloh wU eflllppe4 Ylth ana IIIUI -IMA, tl to wltbat.ad aJQ' MlalNta ol tM MrbU'GUa Mtlwa. 'nllla, lD cmeot OMrlAte x. ... Mn1a, tbll t.U..saa Ualeaae .._ ,.. ... oa14 tbe7 t_... tull' _, ,.,, ,.,.. 'ht it-. pe ab ... baw 8117 ourar. hn oo.. 1 ., tiM ... s.r, lt .... lJ1 ... peqpt. th ot tDd.iDs uae ... 1..... .,_, s.a..a fort:h n t tiber to ,. top fill t!:ll WbeN a aanw1 .. neep t118b' t1 -' pa Mao-.a. ltetwn two ue to be tile a sat .. ,01'7 A 11,tle ..,. 'baa balt--r 4CNft WU a1 1 lNG e pllle fl OOil aldeftblAt at 'h. Aplll, tu world. _. br laJtla ctt J!t!knpt. I whh .-u..-.. .. oo. ,., .... 11M ot .. fll tMH ltla haUea a ........ lfttlh ,.....,. YM 81'ltlle:lae4 ._ ftaul*a et abMDMe laDdl ... U.a au Ut left all to t5M _,, aD4' be tpll'lt f/1 a 1. J oc w, Ift1aft4e ..:L. 11 P eu. o. tewe., aloptf41e I'W'M UUl ... '11 ., ..... ot. o. r..e-., na _rjiii"Milll.tf I, II la, ltlriDie a.

PAGE 54

aDd 11ft4 _., o bcm.ou ot lll oOWltn abroad. whloh I 1::4 h uar ot, 1lbat wre w .u be''- tfll' 'hail at 'lM aced ane 14 JGV alc141e n, who pta4 .u ra .. ot poc.- ;1 JtnD el'ltlloal Wll1Saa oarletiGD whOM Vastw !oOl.ut,o!v, publi.W 1D 1861, ...... bOwl ot cU .. rr. tlbe I o.._..,, .. ..,... aDd, bl wot;e t a Vllloalft a4J.enee, b1a tnO 1111 s'orJt' 9L !JJ!. 1r1 Eueun bea been pnlM4 tor '' .... ..., ,..., ,....117 cu1e1r ,._, tbl I atatllh .. ot 'u Nliaa olea knJtcl 'be .,.. Il'uh 9ft '1'".._ 11M a-.weat aD4 aoet autblatl1e plAthN e'ftr p'ftn 'o u ot lite ot ,.,_.., ill tun q11U'kr ot the laat ._-..,. Oppoe1tlcm h 'he 11n U s-1ae4, bat ,_,. eaiatleDOe la 1Ddle,.ttlllble. K1obM1 Din'' 1D h1a lllal.lt Pea4!1lae Ja XJ'!1rt4 baa N'ft.WICl ,. ''1117 ot &lah, ..,..laD, ..... t aoole,S.a Ill,. el&btMR'h --.,. 1'01' tbe ... pan 'beJ P ,. N4NII ot 1118 lN\ ill ,. lliJMtMilth MDWI')' --N a MW .... ltl -abCJIQ' aa 'bt N nlt ot eppoel,loa ' 'he peJMB' ot o tM -'t118M4 Obueh aD4 waa Ia ,.n .-.Dla ro. eapwa!lOD.a ot pb,al.oal ._... WMD Jtar11 __ peaM4 tllw '''be o-''1 An,,.. ...& a renl' ot tilSa 'd.olen .. ,--new ._ .. lqrnn' a\NqtbeA 1 a.

PAGE 55

10 The RDb pa1an1oa' wb.lah olD'o a11 tbl later n-et M ald1-tltlw --._ o .,., powwt.ll fiJt all ,. Ir1ah ._.., ao-oS..tlea ot tbe alddle et tu nineteenth t'u71 aD4 .. Nlae4 ftl7 OGU14W81e lDtlueDM QeD tbt nb upbl1141ag or JWoJ.aa BNtbelboel. n .._ -bed alaoet all 'he ex1atlhs aanr!a bodlea after 11101 WbltebOJiD s. lewpl.J' a.ut ... 4 ildo ,. :i:.!:t orgm1 .. 4 u4 .... w14eaprea4 Rlbb w !b1a atl-'l'bl qlutloa alpltlaaat alao aa ti.Nta qNttlD " to baw a MWpaper de'YoM4 to '' .......... .,b 3o1m SbMbm ot .... .. 1, .. rg121' 1 Bczm=b.* tlllell lllun.ted. 1-1 r.t.r, !Ja ows ,.... penol or wut ... b .. 11abl4 1A 1111, '' 41HPPMN4 SA lila wb8ll lta e41t fOJIOe4 tso lMn Iftlalul..,. tbe I.-4 Llaut .. d. 11p.itloaDts171 ahorttlJ' Jblowu ""'"" ..... ., jeta Sa ,. u .... aut lal ... o .. eotd.on lt M aote4 tlla' a..t ... 41a1a1npl*-' ._, ... ,., .T-OlaNDOe anaaa, wa, ,.._ hQa, taii11Sar with the poetar, f/1 -..r AU. ._.17 I 1111. It .n be Jbaa1M4 that apa:rla 41aOGftMU na DM 11alM4 R.-Oatholio aepuretlata. IJl IT-' n.t .. tbt Oiddt.,. WN ... laea .. __,_. Jtabr NUaleu 01' pe11,1 .. 1 u.a. the ee....to ''-ot tiM Ulnu t ,..._,., to tbat t ta .. aouth .r

PAGE 56

11 1 INla4 u4 theNlJ' an etteotlft lUI1ea 1M'--tba two goupa lab.1b1, .... AdYOoaMa ot ,.U'iaal JIU'dS. t IN1u4 oan 1te U'WS4e4 Sa' he poapa 'tlbnber 41Yl81GD be cte alq ... .s.., -tal .. pbSlepbll llaea. !'lila, tu ..-.u, oar aeelal pNIIJ..a aft .-........, o .. ,, .. pei.D\e4 ld, 'be .... wu-t .... taCIIN4 ,._,, ntlhar 'bu ,. NJ*'bU 011n ftftlu\1 ,.. .. w 11J Wolte .,_, ONttan ala71 ot taM VoluDt .. ol thS.a ''lw ,..,..141 tbl eCND'"'' while atl t1n4 lbae ot a la'r ''-.. tabl wlth .-Wo1te ., .. an all..1.8D .. ._ a.-4 Bea*l'J ot 'bl OoaJ*17 AI 'he nl-' 4lnSDotloa 'be_.. tlha Jb,11oaopblea ot MNl auulor& Del aabPloal ,.,.. thla ..,. ot 41atl.llpiD-SDc letWitm tiM '" POQI be uae4 wlth tM NH..a\laD tba' 11-eft!l _,.. la 11DI or. 41.U1 ao elear ' '""' ... bl\'lft'laa ala ''...... ... 1 ..... 1. 'lM .-1 auaai ...._, w1U 1te ... ,. e-.olltll wtb a pe :t-*-M s.ao ita 1'1'1 1800, a 4laouS. ot oo ... u a lnt s.a '' Uld .-. -.nca fit 'be YOila& U.lud ..,, ,. Atl 'be ''" l:4aeft1 IS. 1-..b. Pmw B!ctt!M.C.!Hi!a ''M tlht ,011.W I lD 111'1, r lHI .-.-.. u an lr enrsJe ,..,.sal

PAGE 57

1 appeal Jd4.U. elaH ot .-awnae -..1 .,.a1GIWita Perhaps I wr1M WUII17 .,..1t1 I ..S.te ftcft, bowftr, tw dlatnoted oot;tager. ; 'u' tor and leg1alatoraJ and l haft. endored boneatl7 'o a SN UMllieNble om..toUon flbat 1tl h 1IJ' --a-, oano111atlq1 reattaohillg, aD4 reeal11ng blablr 1 aoll 'bJ aont\tll!lS 1Dtlatlin8 tM 1CN8r oJden ot aooln7, Iftl.ad oan 1te ftDCJ'Iate4. 'l'bl Irlah YolaM' Pul,..lllt Ill l.,.,t, wbMl tbl A..S.ea ReYolut1GD 11..-, an Ir1ah Par11 ... b...S.Id ,. ,. Baalleh a.. ,in uiat .... 'Ibn 'hc1 WS.tblrn ..,. rr. X..la4 t erne 1a ._.loa e4 Ir1ah Parlta.Dt autbor1ae4 ._ ,_..,,,. ot a .S.11t1a to talce pla... a, 1 ne UlS.. new tONe, Jms -. Irtah Vot.a .... M4 enrou...t .., to.ooo Ml1 ud bad a4op\e4 a tlaa wlth a pl4 harp ...-ts.J4. X. -,_r, an ll'ieh ,.,...u.a,, ... ,._, OeN71 ,UlllrbM a .._ IUMIOIIll .. la WbSe. ep ........ R-a Oe'holloal "I' llb&wed __.. .. fti'W7 flit ,,. ... wbl.h ... .,. .. Jut then 'klnc neb ettana to ...... .-4 oalW aa-1 t1ou 'o -lata be oa.ple. 'lbe JIB Jblat eaue4 _.h .... '0 t ftlON or Inland \bat Ga17 Mle4 t.-11.l.J ,. .. .. be _, .... 1&11. r..r.,.,, .... al,e4. WJ.Ul hill OD tM NYolutlOIIUJ' atiaellt lD Il-elaD4 ad J'Nakllll ... leJ'e4 h1a 1a hla priatf.Dc ottiea at raaq. Ill 1781

PAGE 58

o..., a'ble to rhm 'o 1n aafn7 aD4 })eo-tHll ,.,. ot tblt rna' J2"!9. u tbl "ult ot Ml1Yeta1c:m at; Dtatplll'lCa 1n CewltJ !)toae em PelaftU7' 11, 1'781, ,. Volunhel'! W wan .. ,. J'lpta tor Irlah PlU.nlie ADd Oa17 who att.tnd the lll11U..,. ao len h11 ,., en J'n m ' l!NJ'Ml to a tan tm Vg&!Ut!'! JSJWl, ilbe oltJM' f/1 11b1eh 'o IftlaDil, 1 eoca..S.U7 and poUt1oa1.17 Bowewr, the laadel'ahlp fit tbe Wolun.teen, ti1'112aa the ranJc aa4 tlle ' 'be too N4l8a11 41aao1Te4 t! QJWelanloD aD4 8! a :N!Ult OaNJ IIN'e4 ,. .ill 1'1&&. !fM bdepemdlult X.lah PaJ111Mell' ..m..a i;he U.!oia&-1 UOD ot ,. VeluD'-en '-7 .,._,._ ,.... lD 1'7881 1' b!lpe4 'o rM' t:t. B.,al l'ri8h .&o.a.,, a aeoiet7 tor 'be noourqe n' ot aelM u4 Yhtab na to bee .. tbl repoet.t017 a ot a ta-.u olleeUea et IIUb adlfi\S.U.... But S.a ,. fol lowiq ...... lt b-IDeNiajqJ.7 a dlYSMcl aD4 la 1800 it t1DA117 * t s. own att.U. ., pelba t. Aot ot UIIS.on ws."' Olea' Blltaln. nt ._.lualoll 1' M polate4 r. one ... who eppGM4 1' ,. ..... 'bll athol', Sir J-..h aD4 'he ...... lfeu7 ---haft lfte47 a Mell 11111""-

PAGE 59

:oaas.1 oo ... u DIDlel oO ... ll, farfi4U.ate17 after tbe paaaap ot u.e Aet ot VIal, "' to wow to lt JU.a qltatl.ca te Oatbo11o a.ne1et 1 obaoued thla bQ wt.a bit rehi'M4 to ClaN to aMk N-eJ.otloa 1a 1811, be to ..... b1a ef tortla m4 he 1Mpn 'o look for ._. ...,_...... I:D Irelan4 be plne4 the baeJciD& ot .a .. lftl'lpa 1Dala4ia8 ta. lat1 .. 1 1 'hadea Polltloal Val aDd QIIPith7 t bia ._ I preaae4 ia AM.Ua b7 tbe ... Yll: '"'" !tlJtr. :ra aplM fill thla aaalataaoe, hU .n1011 t title Jleptal ot 'lal Aot ot UalOD 4eteate4 1D a... ot a--. u4 1D lBaa, aa the Nnlt t;!Mt t1M ID 1860 be NY1ft4 lt act ea-.ttliiMd tbe le latlOD &a Ol'd.u to OJ!IIlal h1a fo11tllfte to oa ... ua dlellab' 1a l.Ml reee1wct aoo ,.,...,.,. 11'01& pn-npMl OlpDUa'l.-1D the Unlh4 lbtea. Bll Ocm Metl_. with rt.oa M tNeecl Nek at laut to l88IS Wban _.,tar lll ta .. ot bla wue '-14 ill In Yon aD&t el.Me 8 where. Illdeect, he.S.4-' Jaolll l:els.-4 to be ., ... ,betle lntt oo.-11 allenate4 ....., ill ._riM 1t7 ld.a '*-oppo-1 altlOB to npo ala._,.. On tlw Mber bud, Wl.lllaa Clal'ftae, WtD4e11 l'ld111pa aa4 t1w Ae11t1lna npr4e4 h1a tbllr aD4 tbe7 panle.alar17 w" plaaM4 'bJ tl

PAGE 60

II pntONtloa .r a ...... Wblob bl a to aU Ir1ah-A..r1Nua aD4 IJtS..-.ta& tnat; the eolON4 people 7Wtt equala, bntll a,. all 7ouzt -i.e ot 0011t1lnue to 11benJ, hate ala'fe171 ellng b7 AboU,loD1atla, 8114 1D "-l'loa 70U will CIO baDor' -.. IN.laa4. Slfte4 b7 DanS.e1 oo ... neu, 'tlutoba14 ...... .... u.,. thouaand other,... babt anlla f/1 Jelal. IIMeplaiaa 'bat 'biN wa a tS.ld t oO-llJ.te JWe-JMipada Ia .... s.aa, f/1 h11 'fhGIIal ..,. ... 1-. aner ..... s.p flit -. ... ,. -atOM4 ..... ,.,. s. ..-hSlt o eroea A'latlo Ia 'he t.Dhftata ot hill oh!ata 1'we dqa attar ., arr1Yal, I ln'od:ttoe4 to ,. In Yll Aaaootauoa. Ill tbe oauM fll a r .. wea,_ a ... 1,t a thoua8D4 dol.l.o ... tna ._, o1'Je It eocm tollo.ct b7 a aeoGDCI .._ ot an equal t.l ...., Mue4 VaD .. all4 wu ... ee1ftd ._.,. AadNw Jaea, ...-1a Ya ._.a, J- -wr Jolla I 'fJle aD4 bla ... Miq na tb-wbo wlaaar4 Ida. Ia l.Ma, whiR ,._ weJd.r xasa.a .u toaate4 1a 1Q' Jata BleD Dill, O!arllta Gawaa Dtaftrt 81111 !'bolla Dana, -7 atlU Ia tba Ual, .. *'- Be ao. 4NWft ,._ atw ,_,.., 11bioh ,. ...... et ,. 1Nlu4 --aD4 fill hla -n10D with 1t 1 ... Drdf7 wrote \o Mariea to _. _..1 oua o.-orNIPOidt et wblell I *"'117 o .. 1bd the -a4 tllu I bee-tor .... D ,... ... a UJ*l. -paper .-... DIIYIII 1 DU'--1 an4 111 tol

PAGE 61

Wben w tll'atl QJMN4 ill 18611 lt wa _o,ber ptlpft' 'tlbleb ra ...... --..,..1 et tbl fill uat.oa. ats..lda4-, auah .,.J)M, oa ..tl s.w 18U u u. .. JMl Y .. r _. ad4Nue4 a .. fill ... -.. -IDs w!aieh ... uaellble4 t hill at wlfN p,_.a I.D l!Nlallll t1J hl.-7Ga& _. IGIII.._t ft4loal l,._M__.a, MS.bMl Dabefl71 ftulc 11 -d. aDil J.._ Blake DIU.. '1M eliz Jd&b' lJaft -.. ,,_ -.tlla8 at wlllft llrlaa ._. c-.....) ..-.W. .,.., 1 .sat -.r ,._ Dlaea Alftl 11, 1016, "'' ota-u UtNda4 a4 te jalle "' .-., Ulu .. oo ... 11 baA ..,.,,. bla ......... ..a1 ..... 1Ub w&r 1L ki'M II'AD Ill !!'' It 1n .. N 'llbat 1M _... 11lteole4 lt tie 1 an et Baa2D4 t .... WJ-1 ot pJ.llap 011 lNt
PAGE 62

1'7 am wtd.eb --"' to we.n. a.-'-Sen Qwla' o.n .... at a.llan, o.-all4 caa1w7 Nalate4 ., Oa'holla. biaNM!IIr 11ate'\ m .. .-..tS.. ol Oa.U. all4 ..... Mataaat wJ.'h 4lar..,.. -.n..ae Daria oe11epa m ..... 17. oo .-Jl a.u1w17 .. UM hill._. 1a1a .... aA a1-. w1Ul oM JN11riN, a14e4 with hla OIIIINh. !'be ... ih ot DaYla Ia lep,1 ... r blalAHl tlla ..._. t'lllll JI'UllJ" bat ,. tnbl et o-11 tw a 11bla m18h7, U4 ,. tluJ pill ot Dnta' hUe&, lelm 111, wbo bad nooe.a.t hSa en t:a. .atm.a1 atatt fl ua. !! ".,...,. lte P U.. WQ& aided with IIDD\hltt liUb aber II Parlt.eat 1 WlUS... IG'b ollftea, wbo t1a'1J npa41aM4 .., apetatn' wl'h. u.. "b'p .all ia 1' Jlltebe1 --. ldadl7 ot p!lp1M1 t ... Ia an utS.Ole an Il'ln au...aa 1. l'a --'-' r..ut Dft X.lah Ball ., u eaa authoritlea ' u .... JWP1417 lt .... JUtO.l a-41a,e1,-...-. a rew pNnleal Yn' tile bjeoi ... tabla 1a .. f/1 a ''hoopa 'WI' Nil t.J Pall lli&h' be - w1tlh b 41 Bot with Ida eoul.4 ... ," a 4M41ier e.buah thU ibe bl'1na a -p 01li.lftc -a ftailWQe IMgiM a rew bmdiM -171aa sa wal ROh a apGt, with ot I'Mk aDI ot h'Ha 'o roll ... ..... ,_ lnS .S.th -s.._ 1ft ot in tant17 tbl pDt111& ... r :f 'ill till a 41 ot bNI _.. d1at=1"CQ11bablj, aD4 '' IWM olMrb be ftM low, 1ft t ot t PMIJMI u1 ot U1ll a .a flit ,.. Jlo17 Obolt I Wow&' t La 1 M __, wl11 daN to alue 'hi - Yn, 1ft all Ulderatall4 -., a reU ., .u ... 1' aot u.

PAGE 63

18 O.tM814, oo-.nell ha4 t !Jt1Gil upelle4 tr tl bpeal 1 ... 1atiOG. fbe tlul break be'WHD 'bl Yaac aD4 014 INt.n"-r o .. wbln the Aaaoola,iOD peaM4 a neolutiOD. tlbioh oalle4 on ita ..... N to aubeorlbe ' the .,s.as.. 'bat p'bpS.eal tore MYel' jutlts..ct. It n e OD th1a oeoaaS.OD tblt !'hc.laa PNaoS.. I ...... .acle hll oelebNte4 .lwol'd .,. .. b,. but lt 414 not pre- tbl paaaap ot 'be Raolutloa.. ... .,.,., O'OOIUMll 414 not; a 1111& aurYlft hla riet017 tu M 41e4 lD Oeaoa an .. 7 11, 1M7. 'l'bl Yoaaa Inland aoYe..nt be 41Y14e4 lnto ho pal'tla. rller, of whioh JlaYla be oaaa14ere4 tbe protaaonlat J be 4ate4 t? '!Mt toa.Dotllna ot 'be letlcm ill l&U. In that it Mlltct 1lpell Irlah -bere ot Parl1-nt; 'o abaent tbeuelYea rr. Weetai.Aner, pi'Opeeect an Irlah OOilftnt1cm. to leglalat tw IftlaDd. aa4 4i4 not propo .. 'o ' Jlbploal toroe, earlier pl:a ot the YOUJa8 lHlaDd aOY8Milt fON lha4ow4 ,. 81DD ,.,..7 lfbe WlalDal aS.. ot the YOQng Irela4era ba been b7 Oberle Oaa Dtdf7 tollone I .. to r tor .,nlt and .., tllowlabGllNN alJ bat I belle it S.. aubtant1al17 tbe oned of Irlab COfttiKleratlca.. '!lle7 do 110t 4 111111 a.J'lbU..Iaa -. tt.7 d...a4 tlba leg1alat1'Yt s.n.s.p.Ddenoe f/1 IN 1aD4, and will pal'd. it JeelGUilf 1t it n ._. 1 tl'fte nagot1at1CII1. It 1n4ependenoe .,.. bJ toree, Republ1o 1 i.Mrttable u4 wel-

PAGE 64

:ar I a r r ; r i I i I i f t I r a .., 2 a r 1-! toe; t
PAGE 65

s-14 b1a cmt rib"' on w11a Davia, an4 after bla lHb11, reoe1ftd. traa U. Ia !Mm, 110ft t .ban tlwl .... IU.Oh &8 .... la7 .... ,_.-fitCii tbt rat !'!; or 8ea'bl7 ,.._ ._ 1ro e .. lY Jll8ll eo 4note4 en N tS... to the ... In ac14Dl01l1 he OOD,r1bde4 pan a ot hla aboleQ 1 811114 f01tn !ll. IaJI I ba4 a paaaion tw ballad poetrJ trca 111M I reed IJleblD Boodle -ldt4 111 a Mblol' lepd tor Il'lah balla4a ot -.. ope aD4 aptft.t. I' ..at be HPhlbM bt J>arf7 loollt4 tlo Ofta5 Bl'ltlala t hla ..S..lae Be wl814 tbe !p&AD tao be llb 'bl LcDton !I-I P'Mf or 8pto5a5w. Be tIK hlMlt ali 'he Irlah Jlflbm aa41 IJidM4, aa late 1888 M -tao blft been awre ,., tUN bod.J ot 11te:rahre la the Irlab 'onpe t at tlbat late he atlll hopiq that a & aatlonal lltleraW.re W0\114 up. !h1a obaNo5erlatlo ot DottJ wu alaoeti U.e fll Dl. lplrU s1. at, !t'1ca an a'bolo17 ot pOIIUI ooU.nect "'-,...., aD4 bl, VoJH JL llii.!V& 1 pi'OH atdbolecre AD4 after 111, the Ktw lplr15 st. lJil. ,.,,. u4 .. .a lel1t4f 1bl "'"'' 1111. .. ,,. appea..a, la,,.,. cla7 an,belealfta NV,.lec1 'be -obueo e tlerl.atlee 1tna ''-aNh-ftbel lola Mltlohel wllll, to adaptl bcliah 11,eNJ!J IIOMla t hla _..olltl-17 JJUPOH8e l'ft

PAGE 66

11 .6. Tnann It M'h tMm ., lollAn teao.s.w -. tor ._.. ,.... ,.,nets.. OGDRtlN'- 'o ,. '' ld.aM4 the. OHllo llote I '1'h1a. t:a. anoS.nt Utentu-e ol tbl CIMl t;M cme uera\\aft .t ,. Wblah _, ' ew ., tm 111&1"7 1Dtlaa Ot elaaa10 11Nft. ADd ..... D .ad ... 'bl Pl'os-1,_.. tJJt ,.. wlten ot ov o. 4q, 11111 Stalldlab oataq aD4 Y .. ta, wbo '" tbe "'" .. ,.,, ... ., b Old Geelti .. d1,1c:m, --u all fOIWI'd SA .. Bll&lUh ,.,. n. wl. l bauawr, reoall ..-tr. Oaelle bd 1'&i tN4D JleYJ.at a nt fO't' Own R t baa a oenat.D O..llo tD4 B4m Walah IIDMr -.to turn a alllple aFwu to 'be CJM11o _.,, bu' ,_ the .. .,..., thoqh ,. POet ot Dl to apr1nlrla tbair ne wl\ll lnah plfta quell-'* whl "lllDI .. tl:laN GaM t u.e2.10 UteN hJie U. rattler tbt ...,_ .ill tba aubat fll ... .1 -n.c.aa o.-... DIYla wu _.. lllteNMd 'ball J:1a1t7 u taa. O.llo DalfJ baa NpeMcla "'n. W.al ot bbt..S. Mtl .. lltr n taa 'M wboJA peapla tJJt ._,..,.. oJIMCI I OIPlcia teplo to whic Ddb ._.'-'17 pU.d bSualt. I lllo-.1 Dalblar -.. ,.nu -. PNI.Mcl _,. -. aa14 f6 u. .._. .. DrfSat luplft'S.. t ...S.IIWI l'-eteh .,,. ... sa u. .. ,1 Biaarlo ...S..a, It lea, t \a fill N41'l1 tM o > *be tea ..S '* taU ta boa, auppl1e4 bill aubnaDM an4 apli'U; ......,.,h '0 llllall4 -eS.h ... IJIGI11'7e tlft -' ftlw, ""'- a lla'r to 1NW adelt h1e Aa f/1 hil .rtcna elM ..... tMil Ill tbe !I liMed

PAGE 67

II An VD1, tbe Afthaee1011oa1 sat,., tlw tt.,.l Ina Aoada,J, tbll Lllmai'J' f/1 IN1D4, ,. Oek lohool ot Dealaa, U.euat.u Iaatt.h'e, an4 enl'f eftoft u4 t.Dailwutlon haYiDc tor \bell' aill tlw ot the nation 1D an UtseNbN, and. SNat h1a vigilant &4 --.os.q oare. ot eaoh ot tMH lD at1tut1ona he -. ..... the pat atU.otloa, tM .. ," u4 ..... 'be 'ributea 'o tu !Q1e 1rJ 'llalia OCIM7 &4 sapr..s BJNOkll beliDI 'o Jla'Ylll 111'1Mft 1D tbl ion baft napataecl Plb11eat101l fill a 1ft -._ l'lt1ah -..., one of tbt .... toM Na-'ed. to tw-1ta N.S.Yal. Ani tbl7 reaaon rnlftl f8 t;he lanpap tbua or ov hln..,. ad p0e,.,. 1a wP1tten 1a IRDJ 8D4 ablall w 1 who leaN Italian m4. I.et1n, and ""Jc, ree4 nm L1TJ, and B- l.n tbe or1gs.n.1, .... alli11 w be ooa.a with 1.motw'1oe. perhapa, an lpOftllt lNDalPlca fill IriahtfB Alid S.Oab .... ....,_, Ill ... 11l7, 'be beaSJmiq ot tbe Oaelto .,-,-.nt ._, .... tbl rlae ot tbl poU,leal I poet., ot the !a!& laJalel re..-a- ''""-" ' Dana bJ 'be la''' Sa't In t OMlle noM" a4 ..S.r b1a t.anun.oe Perpa wa ao tar alS..DAW tlwl thlioal ' beo.a priM mower t the rM'm Repeal Aaaa' l He eftn OMM4 oon'ntftl' 1n& to 'he l?)lbl.'D PNmltz !tpatM beo.U OJt hla 41ataete tor J.ewr1 DU'teJWa' -elN ot Lewr ._,,. --et Sir a-.1 J'up" ana thl -. ot n gatUMd arcaud h1ll 111 UIM\erbldng .U*oial but ao a-llOJM s.. l'eJ'IUOft 1d. th h1a - ... u t ao .. ptlu 'l'hae NJ'a_ de41oatlCil ot ,. IIJtlah SbtA ae.lc,T tbat he 4o11ned o ''-aaall ne \tDIYr l'Aft1'1 aDd 414 not oare 'o _,

PAGE 68

ifbe LDtNi7 of lftlaa4 bNqhtJ JlaYlll into aaaoola'S.. . 1 with .r.... Ola,.,.. ._pn, Wllllaa OariAtt ant .roa. U.ebele Manac waa ao 1nMNate4 lD 'be propOM4 aerie 'o 11l"1ha Dl4 1t; ....... ooour 'o J
PAGE 69

1 Wlth Deep RewNn ... att ol all tbl ma.roua ft118Me; S.ael I J'e....- ta-t tor x.n. lathe ' IMWiaa ' ... ..... bMutU\al .. ,.. .. 1a Dlt ,,. wa .,_ Dan 1-1eea Ia Whlah Ma-.m YeJtas.tW ,.._.1 l'erpaG111 a ,.. .... ns.. ot an &lah -1!17 OefteUe ot BallJ'balmla. 'l'be t:ba ,_, ot OCM'" .,.o11M4 tbe apt.ftt ot IzaelliDcl ,.e tbe poe' llect tw tW1 1a ftabtbc t'be au-.a 'loa lioaM et.te llaaAa lballiJ.IICUA-WS.th ... 1.-IIl a tlpNtlft Kt.t.-11 Wberl M INOOaaiiHI Dana U ed.t.tJ ot ._ !tt&p ID lMI, &baM tM Yeuas 1Nlan4wa RMl lrl P"JaN'l tel' ""1' ap1nft -.lu4. a .. ..:1,, oa-11 v ,_ !J''-l an4 thl Y-eat .t tbe Barpea1 U.Sa'l MS.tohal waa ,.n._, DCI wlo-4 t:ba tnlattl-. ot tl allltt lu4 N t ..... 1- Pln'ua tel-, to ,._ PQIW r.l NaCl7 to ft aon to aftll 'o aeli.Sew lept U Nauta the \dll -DOM blatt laM, --ad al11111na liiCJlt 1M m.de US. 1 bJ AM ot Parlta._,, od nob a pJ.e4&e la pMalft oHdlenoe. u o t:-t. pae ot abalaintnc *- f/1 1m ..... 1 t 1 .. ..-u wll:JJ.ri& to .. h a u; aid pJ'cwLt.a tsbl -1lah OOI'e 1ft asHe to S.t all .. . "'' --led aot to araue q\let10D b7 M aann .... hl.p, hlllteJtJ aad I wl11 re-4117 pt.dae to '1'1 lt ill 8DJ toN ot 1Jh7S.oal ---I.elol-pwopOHC1 Jla fl ,.S.p that ,. Irlah ,. ..... JcMp I 'belr hanen. Bu.t 1llben Hltohel hlate4 thla 1n'o a Jll'Opoul 1. a.

PAGE 70

'bat Irs..b llheul4 Nt'uM to pa7 tM \a n.rebJ ,. peoiP WN ..... .. ,a 41.S.al Wa O ... ted IJl ,. NJaka fit. tbl YGU8 X..ladeN aDd wbMl be 1Atft4uoe4 NOe JIN3\14SM 1D'e 'bl papa ot tbl IIS,Sih be toJ'MCI ' ot 'be eta I*' I l'll aM aftlole 4eten4e4 'bl r.rs-tllal tlaYei"J ol tbl nepo1 lm4 1ft her objeo peNnptorll7 tbe .-nGlpatlcm Gr t.ba Jewte He bad \!M opinioaa ta.a wt tbq de a tor a epdce-n ot lrlth .,.1 It ._. fl,ti.JI& 'o tad Wa OOU,.,_ft,lOil ot 'bl ._.1 .aaa1111 aGYI ltD' at 'hle polftt 8114 SA ooul.ulCJil 1t MJ be aaJ4 ,,_, Mstelbe11a ant1..&bd.'laa _, bt nW ,. Oarl.J'le, hla att1"* tso.J'd tbl MSN pra1Mb17 Gl'lai, .. SD hS.a d.eabe ,. 1dr1 p-1'1\ll tn.l4a t 'bl Irlah oau.e ill .a.anoa ,. .. Roben !Jle ..s J.a .. bnh or .._ ba4 1D41oatt4 tlllllt a,apat!l;r te XRlllll4, were ,..,.,left.,.. ftata, 'WMil r 'btMMa .... 11114 aD4 tbl Ua1te4 8taMa ONJ' t:t. ONpll teft'l,_, t-4 tMiDtllt fa 1MI1 KiMbel -I .. \MH bM Q1UJ18 ll _wl\hin_no 01' .._ 1 a o!OH eorn1pond no d tbe IJtiah ln .a.rloa u4 Xrlah ' aa4 aa4 lnaplrins dd'flllae "" reaullrl7 _, over1 pbS.4 bJ r oea fll -t:Jl)IIJ. MaN I .. N p Mlly 'tll'1tten bf Jtobel't !'Jltrl Wbo ftt tb!D1 aa t. 1a ,., 1 -&M dla trNM4 l'Jts.dd fl ._ D'llh HMe OtOCS\nell wa alacl ,. lit 'hit tNt ,. tODI or tbt .... bh old. bJ.IiOIID. wia ataa4 - lflj12f saw l1J1fliataklab1e ftftU'loatlc:e \bet Ill oa ot .. a cat _ON -1 the -.noaa. .,_,. oCNid upc a 4lftlta1cm 1n ll'el,jnd

PAGE 71

Pb7alaal POl' .. llnk the period ot * Irle'P wtUl that or the Yoaaa then Ut;t;le wt the _,. or the dead. Yn lD \M tellowlac attP' b _.. to aho1r o\hv beaU. tbe obYlOU taot tbat both &I'O'lse were w1111a1 to reaon M an PPMl to anaa 1D Cll'da.r to pS.D their obJ .. tlftee !'he matted Irl.-.n Ill .. 1,111c ot the UJdM4 lt ..... ocm.S.t tlrat t;o dlaoua a-. the 1-.dera, JM01a117 'l'heObald Wolte 'l'one aDd Rob_., -' and tale brletlJ to aeatloa aaae 11t-.rr UpMU ot tlw .. ...... Wolte lfou, 1llbo bad bMn oalle4 to tbl X.lllh !Jar 1D 1ft8 ora or the touc!era or tba &oel-'7 ot UD1ted Irl'Slre 1D 1'781t 'I'M wJ.c1nal et Ud.a aoo1etJ atwplJ \he t .... t10Jl ot a pOlltloal '-t .. en R._ C.tbo-. lloa aD4 to ou.M pu111.1MmtUJ nfOftiJ lt wu 0D17 1lbeD tbat obleot appee.Nd to be uattalnabl.e lt7 eotaatiini\!Cibal u.t tMt t.b.e -.JoltJ ot UJe ....,_.. tlhe .... __ ,..._ alalq oplD1cma Whleb wolte lfc:me M14 tca tM flit' ua oODapi.Nd to tth u 11'11h rePQbl1o b7 l'ebelltca . woue 'feme waa a "Yo1uUOIUU'J wbOae pP1no1plea re drawn r.. \he Preoh COftYa2,lOD foae a dlaelple or DlmtOD and Pa1Dl 1. maal8aed, !'beobald wolfe ... li\k ... YOJ.. a, .,..

PAGE 72

3'7 Tou, wbDae tatber, llke Bearr. SA YHt' pla71 !!!!. .!lal 1 !2m .lt!!!lat !'V' maker, nloo.d Noru11st fit all rmu ot aoe1et17 to 'bl lhl1)e4 X.1amwna ou -..t be bac1 at all ba .. rda. U )he n ot pa-opei'Q' will not belp ua tbe7 -.at tallJ w will tz-ee OUI'Mlfta b7 al4 -tbat larp I and napeo1sabla olua ot the n ot no pJtopen,." Aoo01'4Sil&17, M ouftp4 Un1tle4 a wara Izulplft4 b7 tha Praob lleYolut1ca, aoelet7 aet 1taelt tlo onnhrow tbl bgUah d01ainat1cm, a.-4 lta wt.e:.t a4 Cll'pni.ect dr1ll1Zlg em a 1Ars aoale Q dom tlhe OCRUl)I'J 'rOM an lllplao-abla Bnalaftd, aD4 .... na abUDdaat cl1a oon)ent up 11hS..h ba aD4 hla aupponere ooul4 wOI'JI.a In a441t1ca )o oaaaoll .. tJaa antl.Jqllfh MntS...t iD X..laD4, fCDe 1.-.d a broad tor belp. Por oenturs. Irl-..n bad boped te hellOh a14 tt. tftllalatloll ot an Infh laooblte acq b7 Jeealab. J-ph OI'Je-J tbe tiN: to pw aclequate wralcaa ot Iltlah Gaello p01aa, tlol4. Ill l'fH '1'-.. pft pas-.4 a .mandala tOI' Ule Mw17 eatabl1aba41 Hplbllhn1 PJ'eDoh lD whloh be a.aorlbed IHlud . S.pe tor N'f'Olu 6 ts.c.. m.n Da.bllll Oaatle o.ae 1nto .-lal ot tbl paptr, 'l'CIIle eldpne4 to tha Un1te4 at .mre 1a lhlla4elph1a be t the heDDb. n1a' 1lbo h1a .. fit 1Dtro4uot1 to the 0 '" ot hblio 1atet7 1ll I aria. !btreupc t. nnt to 1. A. Iriah Dl"e.ma p. :: "' Brookle aiMl a ton, ..&. o P ea. a. z. a. oa.1117, ect., !.! riiin -4 !2!1. ot JniDf p. &sa. 6. Unsigned, TheobAld Wolfe Tone. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 14th ed., vol. 22, p.278.

PAGE 73

haaH, a..S.Ylftl earl7 1D 1'718a !ft. 41reotbr7, wblOh peaaeaMd tr.. x..d U.l'd P1-qenl4 a4 .. ,._,. ooannor oontbldrla W-; pepaN4 h deQa'eh expeUtiGil UDder Roo-.. Oil Dee..._. 11, 1,M, 'be eQec11tlG111 OGillla'Sfts ef a ad ... .,1D8 abOQ' 11,000 .. D, aa1le4 rr. BNat. 'lbe PMDeh -.ati\loa ot 1'7H "r a lm9t.eane Ill 1'7rl '*' 1 WbSAall ,_ b7 an .. oSden' JJN I WDM4 r.. ... .., ,. belp IN1aa4, 1' ,.. 4eatra,.e4 bJ the Blt1,lah Ia a Mft1 -p-llt at 01 ... In 1'718 heneh -.de .... ttt !be tlret; \UII4er Jblbert tte4 la.Uaa 1111a1a 11h1eh bee .. I .. Sa aona aDil -r 'I'M aeooDd aapper hD47 wllo1 l.11rla 'l'ona, oae or _. ,......_ ot u Un1'-' ll'lltllan aD4 beoaM ,._11' nra ..... ,U7, toroed "'be an. lu41q Sa 1'M ,ldl-4, u4e WNl -pan 1 waa ... OIIpiDJa4 bJ' I .,.... It ... 'bf an .._u.m DHJt x..ap aDd 'l'one aka ' nabUD ,. be .._, .. .-talecl aD4 NDteDMCl 'o 4Htha bodJ o be aws-4 ._,. b7 a Nlat1 abd 11 1Nitle4 SA 'be 11,1111 obtaJIIeh C:. _., .. '1M ,... Sa trhleh ., .. _.., .. ,. 1,.., witMaMd tbe

PAGE 74

..-al _,..... ill'o the palUe ot aao1Jbaw-NYol.'l__,, loben .... ,. a a ,... et l.uaftteetlau s.a VJah, _. Wa:totd, wbiN nbela ... _, -aa-.1 Wtel, _. Wateld. oldet, MS.laael IMJW, ourled a .... .sua wutaa ID \be WS.J&JA. ...... -11 1801. Blae!IRN tbl l.Dn:rNetlODa WN .-..u....s aD4 ..... Ia tba law o.ne ..... et ,. oeptUI'e4 VlllW IJIS..,..Il Mlq bNqht to tnal .,. 4etellde4 1t7 abla laWJW, Jela Chlnua OurND1e ,_. ,..,, ... fll allllJ*l hle bla btllaU et tM ......... lft. tbe -'' blale behMil l'PM .... laoa,. ... belq 'hoM lD 4iltoaoe or U.llt Rawu 1.-4 Uwud lt ... Nl4 ..a Wolto ., ... eu...n oa.. or atlpfAl .... ,, ot ROMI'ti ... ,, lllt1a oatna,lon w .. tbe aofiUltW. .&ooGdJq to t .... _, ba4 'bMD lmOIIl u a NM1 nen 1n bla oo11 .. tap. Be W I'M b&alQ Oo11ep, JM'bUa, Ia 1'111, a ,_r ... 1 tllan ,._ peet, all Uw tw ._ to baw-.... 41'aWD taataw .,, a wa11.,.. ot .. s.c. S.b re penS.larlr eat!atdanlo abM the Ifteh felt Wl whleh IDtllla W "''lr ooU..teclt TheM .... aira 1817, tri'h DO,..,.. ,. the ,._. Keoft 1-' 'bit aln llito tba. _., .. fill bl.a. --..., bl pla,.cS -.r act at tbe plao. Bo hlltHlt ella ,.._, bl plaJ'JAg n Jlltla J llllber ' ._ .. ep11aq p aat o.w, oh, lt 1 u. ot thSn7 thouMD4 -"' to au& tl !b&, Sa 1'" tho Valted eetlblia4 tbtS. .m __. PQer Sa J:JOUa, fb! rna, _..r e41tonld.p ot An!mr le VMJDeC, 1 ... Pbl]IM lwtae ID!D'opn41! MUP11!t wu. .... o1 ....... .. 12. . a ..,_, X,lll\ L&!mbn aMI per P M.

PAGE 75

oa..... -.,, ' aeore a11 Wllllaa DNmum n._. ' itt I' - a .Uua-a1M4 ol no ebeeta1_ap. peal'1nc .. ., two daJ8 aad _.lDc twoJ*lM4flball"peDnJ The tS.Nt ,... oata1M4 a ftle a politS.al ,..tter :.r --.... ... .. pMUdaapaJ utleleJ ftrel a4w--'J.-- 1M Jd.AdJ. wW .-.Nl ...,. u4 ...-. a4.,.1'tsla nta, aDd tbl ltaok PIP. &1. .... 'Preh Republlo, wlth an rlola 01' '" oa .. J.e .. lc tlp:Na in Rnolut.l t'ba ...aa l'rH cU4 Mt;er ._., t. bla lu JIM_....a lJ7 "aul' et an wi'h ._ole Sa 18081 M to IN1aD4 lb 1801 an4 an Sa '-eh wl'h t11e avtlnq Valt;e4 &lat. a MS.U.el woe n1 ... Aim ane4 hla .. .._,. Ot .U Qftallt81 J_. GCIIIMllJ' baa Wl,,eaa AU ._._,. Wbo laftatltld .. tm ., .. ,. are u .. ill --fine _, a aoaap1No7 .... ott a wo14d.n& olaaa obaNoter 'baD lta X.. lt la taot that w _W.P" throu&hallt IN1aa4l 11811 noe, aho\11.4 baw pr aaed eo P 417, u4 wl'la ... elabONta pepaNtlou t aNH weYo1,, ..... tbe pOON .. otlGb tJt uae pepalaM right up to a aon ,,._ ot tbl date t proJaote4 ' t:a. alan BD&lllh ao.e,.,..nt or 1' x.lab tlw balq able to J.Dfoa U...a1ftll ot t:M ''- After 'bl l"lalnc be4 hlle41 Nftul4 leaw Ift laD4 beQue fll h1a 1 ... tor Beftb CJ'unaa, 4ftsl*er ot JobD Phllato' a..... Aim De..ua, ............ ., I Nt\&ae4 'o Nftlll h1a Wbl ... lMN' lewnlWlua he aocm

PAGE 76

'1 etaptnlftCI and \tllouab' 'o blal. Bll e.al\\Cle4 hla tpeeoh rw.. 4oo'k Mt_.. -'M ot .._,h na ,. .... toU..al 'lhMl., tlaba NDk aa.p' tlw ot -. rth, tben eaa ., epitaph be wM'ten, aD4 alone oan rq -.....e be YincUoated.. I ...... ot thl tlbMe poeM Ia wbieh oen oelebrated. _, ot h1a &tat trt.eD4, ane all\111ea o ... ,..........,.. U.at o, brMtbl DDtl bla uaJ let l' aleep lll '111 aha4e1 m.re ool4 \lDbonored. bU .. uea aN lal4J Bad, all.-.' _. c!al'k be 'be tMN 'hat w 8ba4, A8 the n1ght dlr that lalla Oil tM SN o h1a bMclel 1'hlt !JU no ..rer h hU 1 ... t su.h OUtl'aa btat .K..,.'a 110at al.wlDs 'Rtte era Ia bl W 11. !:a:! J!4wrd PDeppM1 Were I tlo he .a Oh8 all I beft r IIDoWil Who apptaNcl eous.n. _ 1n the. pue liONl .n11. ln\elleetual p.,_.1 I abiM .. Cial btpeat ot 'be few plaoe RoMn t. Al'hoQ&b tlbe tJrtlW ll'lllbMD were not eaeMU.qJ7 P"-11t1e Wl'lteN, 80. lltle..., aiiJIII.fta f4 '11111' ..... 1115 aheuld be .en'lODeCl. lB .Ul,lan to Dl.lntt Ill NJ1Sa, ' .S..h ,..t ... enoe ju' been _.., ,_,. pabllaW 'bl Xozt!wm a'v ill Beltan wl,hwhlell ... auoet.ae4. 1a clue o '" etmr na.ea wb!eh ue alao aaaoelatle4 with tM mrn 8!ge !bl tin' la 'bet; ot ObaJilotte aro-. wboee !&91 !I S.tlg1 a Yoltlll et Qleula'l_, tr.. ._ Claelll, pl'llltled. *' 'be I lCCtl!fD 8)V ef't1ee 1n 1"& She W alMtMtJ eYJ.denle4 1ll-

PAGE 77

,.,.,, 1D CJMlle lD an euller llaM ot treula'1a, Jltl1pt 1:& roan. aDd lbl .,..ll .. ,... ... ,. pabllah. -M ill 'be Ir1ab lanpap, .1161 !t9Jtlr 'fbe teoon4 DAM aatoelaW nth the mmm ssar ,., et a Lib o11ar1 s.neret1Je4 1n Gae11o ad Sa 1886 a ot h1a ., ....... ,011abe4 ltlad Dl. J?!fE4ra. 1161 2t!Je I rMna. lleher IPlfiWA1 ,..-.., 'ba tbeil' Mapapert r.., Morpata uw.l altcatt UD1te4 Jatlehua, ,!b!a O'BrJea JBl.U.. o 'Plali!D1fl1 Tbl 1a tba torr ot a patriot 'lbo, upeU.4 fna frlnlt7 Oollese a1Gilg with Boben lit and otblra, bM a a "l.Ua' aDd Un1tect x.lab-=-a1l4 la adlllttecl t'M -1 ot lapr 'f #I. ll..a, aDd tbe "-' After 88 ( 11 not detonbe4 ill uta11) he '"' tao where bl rtaea to be a a.-.1, and arnea 'be berolne.a Beat lmom f/6 tbe UteJU7 .,..,, fll uas.w Irla'wlna 'be popalar pti'J' wbleh NftlMcl fHa tbllJI ---Althoqh trbe Itch' BetON r.w, Waa IUetleJIIt, JolftlJ I BaJICU7 111ft Ye1 .a4 tbl Shell Y Yotld a" hall.Sar ball"411 l1J MQ' DR be an ....-.u. to tlMlt lltel'de __,lab-apeaJrt.Dc . a pera JmGwa tllfbe w .. rln1 Ot tbe -.... ADd alaoa' 1m1J blud IN1u4 ntei'I'M. to tba ._nl4 Iale wblOh nt a pbN" oo1Mcl an en,hualaatlo

PAGE 78

ll'iablan Let: DO teel.S.q .,.. ... c---to Aatlle f'be or ibe a fll Ule n14 I r. .. than tlft7 ,. .... aner ._., ..... 101a 1e11a lDpul ..... ..... ., fill DeM ,_ Ddlb ..,, ,_ ...... n pln ... tbe uu'" alaoe' ., flclft .. dJ'lnk \be MllGI'7 ., ,. ""'". n. tal,btv.l aa4 tht tJ a .. lie tar ott MJ'.-1 U. ..... :tt-:.!" :::tl u... -Tbe t.. ot tlieM Wbo 4WJ All .... n lU. R_..,., ,._ nth . a Yet: ho MD babed M lt.atc perJ.o4 ot tbl Ye.& wl'h ,., ot -. VD1t:e4 Ifta .. ra: .. ...._... oo ... Jallll oo ... ot a Ua1tet aDA _,.. ., aot:her, Aftlmr be-a taaeu Ollanut leacler 1ft EBalande Be, .. ad-'*' ,_. ,_... a4 to JO.PQlaUe I h1a PI'Siaelplea nabltlbl4 .-!oDJap ltp. 'aldac u.. MM ot u. eld 'Oalt .. x.t.m' ,.,.... oo ... a ... tle toe ot laft4101'4l aDI ..a ill tbla he na Sa tbe t'etna'-Pe ot hla Ull1e ot wbaa DuJ.el oo-u ... 1aN4e

PAGE 79

I .... s.Me4, b1a Wltll OurJta 41aoloM4 tut bt ha4 plan t .._ aputlarl law 41nd1Da tbe laM la equal _, aU tm bi;bltania. nat. I MW a aooe, lnYOl'Yed oona....-. ee dl iii'Iil, tba' 1 t; &N tJ 17 ooole4 ., at:alft'll Kltabtl' UDk wlth .ot 1"1SHH ao olen, but 1n wa wt.D tCNAC'el h1a a..t-llwct Jbraloal .... M oa11e4 lt Y''"' D1ttsR ... lite .. .. ,..w ._, _.JOua ud ".,. ._._ ola et tbl a r r mt.'7 .. _. . I .a or ao pr .. ft7. lfM Y-IMlul t.abc. 1118 n. 41aMtaiq pbJdeal ... ,.... ot Youc X.. laa4 I&W-Dt, lt; appr ... 1ah tO --tbe Wbleh aallH t a .... laat10D aD4 bll to lpe&k WletlJ ot 'tlbat tollew4 tblb' I"'JiJftU.. ttbl tUat; pape11 to preacdl open r ill 1MO at ....... JlltaMlta UalW X.la-.aa = IIU:obtl publ111be4 Ja tllil paper..., a111tarr anlelea an1olaa pin up011 b l'eont rnolutloau, * ailltUJ 41ao1p.u.u. ailltarJ fo--'1, 11111' n .t.. lWlta tor re .. , ud ao .. M .... Sal tu. .... li Wbl.D ValW lftlt tn .r14 the Perlt.a M4 .,. 1wt ... o1 .. w.. .. heroS... WN abe

PAGE 80

an4 lll&lud, ......-.. tbe aot1'1'1t1ea at w .. \JIS.natel' Ulde1' bH4 -n. Jilllel'lal ru1t bPt4 Ir1lnR S..S...t t11t IatUh ...... J'a --8Pirit lt ftoorded .., ..... t ... lp attalr .,. ._,. ill u.s. .... ttt-Jie ... r Sa .&.sa, aDI1 t.n.at wblah to ,.ns..t SA .,...,1ft 1 .,... Mitebela da7 I Tile .,. ,_,.r Ill San--... - ClaNDM ,__ -ea17 left \M IItle to wiM te S.t1 lMt la a letter te s.tebel aaKt 'lo tbe B41tor fill the 'Uidt .. IrulwlaD.. .., e.r n.re Ia a Ia oll'eulat1on, that tbe gowm.nt 1nte to --. a qaSut 7oa. wlsnSt1oallt an tlktl.s.dual aa I u, aa4 aS pwtant; to aoetet7 ., polltll opS.ns-. J'tbeleu, ... lt1 1\R relJ' te the Jd.ndneaa ,._ Mw a-n lnat to 'be on et rq _.17, te unre 7 tbat I thONQghl7 IJWPathJ.A, With JOQl' ..-s.. tbat I 14etlt7 rq n..... ot pulallo attaiN wlUl ,._. _. --' I aa 'o fo all lengtba wi'h 7CM aad 700 1n1Npi4 D _RelU,1 for tM aelde..-nt t1 oiJt na'icaal pnbDM. I -n _te elM ,_, 1a a few wa. a 1-. letter' U ot U. ._... w!alob I b.lak 1' tieMMa bl ctdJ ot ... .,._ IJatah patrto M tbl ,..._. ttul epooh. lleamrblle JOt.t ue ' 11bel't7 ' ..a Wbat uM ,_ pln et pftllld.Dal7 o toatloD. x .... in Ute aD4 lUe CJlaNaM liM .. !fba CIGNJII 1ft' MleNMd VU"t4 lif:ytzy -'ll 11&7 t l8&8e 'fbiD lltobal UNeMd, 'riM ...... DnlJ" ,...a .. ,, ........... ,.....,...,* ...,. .. \M .... ,_ to.ti'Mn ,..,. All be "laMe Ia b1a itll i99!1Pl1 Wbloh la an aootwlt ot h1a n. ... b. Bfttlah ,..,. ... Ju 'befetN bekkeD

PAGE 81

h IN1&84 tteM1 ndU. lt7 an adalNr who bae beea 1 '-4 wl\h . ... aad Da.U aa a preeue ot the Oeltte .. aataeaaaea .be UwaJid Walall, aut:! et .. Cbalbbla Olule, t alld other et eonca aed ome fti'J 1loal ..... latloaa tr el4 ll' balla te ateod la bll be tol4 be bacl twcl to pt aa ..,. .. halt7 of &114 lbaJd.aa baacla .S.tll ltetON I lhOU14 lft lNl nd. ... at .. ped 4-ud kl11 .. baallle t Abl t be lal4, 'JOU an ll01f tbe la aU x..1aat t !I a n'" I .... JIM Us' x tt..N aJJdlt be ro011 r dltfeNJ'lOe et o.,s.atoa aboGt tha .--Att the ,.,.. ,. ot '"'" ,., ...... -jOlii'M.la IPP&D up la lt1 plaM and tM b .. a. IDOM &a4 .ON la-teMited la 1tlrpleal tor... But oa lal7 22, 1848, the IO'NPDMnt IUppMIIM all thNee Of tbele papel lb PlM delel'ftl .. atloa b .. u lt reoelwed attobel'l epeelal appPeYl l .. l'lataa Lalo, 'lfho ba4 ' ooatln'e to !altd lr1tbllap, waa a eontlb11tor to the aew .,... Ia h11 tlPet artlelo he Nattlne4 t. bellet tbat 1Nla114 eeuld n1J be IUOOIIIful la lta ltnglo .. alut aclaJMl WbeD *paNtla'l JUde full uae of aparlaa dleooateata Repeal la the queetS. et the ,_ ,.,.latlOilJ ad the tell1IH queetlM l that ot the OO\Ultl'f peaaaatrrJ eo.btDed, tklal eaob la lt1 tu11 extent an4 ef tl.,., teN tbe quee,loa ot INland her quetloa t the battle.U7 The prlaolple l etate, aDd ... a to et-.4 pea, 11 thlt, that tbe entlN .,....Piblp ot IN1a..S1 Mt-al an4 telal, up to the IUD aDd d... to tbe eeatN 1 11 wted ot rlsll' la the people ot lN1an4J 1 Me P so. Jouraal, P 11. a. P ' 1f;'1r. httr, KJ Llte la ttwo Beall )!be HI, wl. 1, P 2''

PAGE 82

'' tbat aD4 ncme but an tm land Oif'Mra and la..,...lltra ot tbia ialan!; that all law are null aD4 Y014 not _,. ._., aid all t1tlea to 1ud. lh n114 not OCilterN4 or oontinled liJ tMIIJ an4 tbat tb1a tQll rlpt ot .-r8hlp and OQ&ht o be a .. ut.a an4 enf'croed lJ7 U.J alllll aU Mana whloh God baa ,., Sa the poar ot InoU.nta117, KlobMl Da'Yl'' an "'atalldlD& le.._ ot apulan retora h1Me1t, aa14 ot x.l.t '!'be wonderful ll,tle 'bQnahbaok trGaa tbe 'Ylllap 1D Qwlen' a Oo.tntJ powrf\1117 influenced the n4JI an4 oOIIY1ot1_. of two DDtled MD, aa 41aa1111lar he Yir11e Sn41 eoal4 nll Me. Be aa4e Jobn Mltobel an aparleD NYolut;loalat, ..e, lD4Snotl.7,. P" J1eu7 Oeorp tbe eoctal soapel ot laDc1 JtatlcmaUtl And 8taD41ah J- O'On471 wh JhtMat BOJd oal"-4 tbll tat:t.s-a ot the Rertnl, agreed with DaY1t\. 'l'U HOan4 jo11J'Ul whioh IPNJll up after tbe PJNII101l ot Unate4 tbe Ir1th 'rb9n!. Aaoas ita oont71butcra Wl"e lllohael DGMI17 1 WU11aa and Rtobard DAit;GD W1ll2aaa. $ Klcbael Dobm7 baa alfta4:J been -.ntloae4. Oarle' tawMl the COJQm17 too tor hia oa.ton 1 Wlll1 Oulet, tbe Iftah DOftllat, OODtrllNtM tbe tiNt chapter ot whatl waa lnteDdect to be a aerial '017-oalle4 'Sui Ialor' or btl BJ'eJ' but, h1a be1nf p aD tbe L1trl'7 Peeaion Liat, ... opportune 7, bJ go-..m.nt, :tw, 4laonetq w1,bclrew trca hla re!Mtllloua oo1at1ona, aD4 an1te4 leaa 41atNn11ur '1M tu pub&1oat1on ot hla o-.lete4 .,_,,.-A auwle ot 'he rae ot W1111aa, Whole eb111t7 aa a poet ne 6 snatl.J' eat;e-d bJ BtuSlel l'e'rpaoa, ln'Yl,ea with 118.

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1 IMt&feUa.t a A Paalla J.Uelt I L1 ot peeta au ... 1D4 u .. _., te I de.nl UOD' tiDe, at111 unaolYed _. '1'be probl 'Bow an barcta to 41Det' Probl whlah peltaape acae otben; Aa tmaoqh llte ,_,. 4odp S.ba1 llball IIUPPN ov aothva D14 DO' lmow U..t R WN Gate 1 auapMW tbat Perpeaa biuelt ac1ld.Hd \be AIIV1oaD'a troo'ba1oa aa the toUOIIS.q q1lotat1 tra. ODe ot Bear tbe cru.p 'o Sanollu !'..,..,a Y1el4 bard h1a PM'' ..... What "'" beard "' a tontaatJ 1aJa 110re lot'J' DOif ..... 'l'hOQ&Il 11J atOI'U H -a*led We1lD1Jb 1 twS.D bl'1cbt npa there ,., ' WiD with the Jlalct r4 OuallPJ ebaut u, Bard, tM tou !alD&e WMn lllt.Ullett tiM Jat1M. tbat J...--1 aaqta' to ott an hla as ot tOPH b7 ad'fOOatlJII a pollq ot 11ltte,_.., to Bn&11ab partlea b7 a eoal1t1 ot the Ir1ah a a-.b .. a ot ParlSet. !hla had been aaasenect aa _,.17 184.8 b7 0.0.1 11eDP7 lloo.N. lfM pae.Nl ))1'1Do1ple to obaV"aet Parl'-.r bub .. et11 ll'elud' p1nu-wre a aettled a poUaJ' tillat Paftlell to te r-.. Bt tba auooeae ot Ua1tt4 le!rea -,. baft pai'IRlaAed D\df7, 1lbo had tuu JU.te.Ml' plaoe u edlt ot the 1tt1ag. to beo-. re

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61 alUtan ..n. tiDal aa.ber ocata1ne4 an 'b7 tbl ot Oaear ent1,W, .raota .Alea let, 1d11oh 1nd.S.o bow tar tbe ll!le bad pe toward eD4011'a1q pl:IJ'aloal tGl"'e Obi t a llaallr.t th.aamt -.at a a littering br1&bt 17 1D. 1Jbe 11sh' ot !IH.-a, and tbl llonuMntal barrlotldea ailretoh1ng ao.aea eaoh ot out-noble ., ... ,., clesolate b7 -land c1rol1ng at"tN114 tbat 4oaan4 Oaatl.e, cle tntaawa br England, wbeN tu fOJ'elgn t'Jftnt 1'aa h1a Council ot 'reaacm and 1n1qulty agaln8t CM1' pMple aD4 ov OGQB1Jl'J tor aeven blmd.l"K Po1llftc t;!w atppreaaloll fd tabeae j GUDA18 1 there an abonl w 1n !lpperWJ Whleh to1la b7 a per1o4 ot alal'UU aDd ot tba na. wbleh nnlw r... tlh1a Snterl.ule ot WlllJaa 8a1th oan, J- Pinta Praola ... per, Rlollael DoMJq, Clal'll:a lldJJ, Jabn oh an4 Jobll ox..u, " notJable, tbl 1atur ala ., ... ,.. ,.,. were to be a .. oo1ate4 with tbe Ptlit..D BN._hoo4 WMn ...... ID4 eDOeoap4 bJ a P"-l'l'lab. tonatfttl 1n n YGI4r, ac14Naaect ao,ooo .. tbe I n.ait or eu ...,.. an. JUl7 11, 1M8, Dsbltn a .. ,,.. "'-alarwec! ail4 Oil hl7 H tbe Habeaa Owpaa Aot ,....... Tw UJ'8 latW word NaOhed. that !'1ppeNJ7 ln Ulllle 0D 'be tllllllt7..ntt.h1 ... _.,., O'Brt.n ad DebeaJ antft4 1a Oanlo1 I llbere labll O'JIUala:J ooU.etlDc but belq s..-pa,S..t tu tabne r._,-puW 011 'o oaabel ,.,.,.. J-ltephlu Jo!.Dt4 ,... At Ball.t.Dpn the Ro,al Il1.lh Oouta1Nla17 4u-l pernc1. tm toNes whloh tber bact p'MN4.

PAGE 85

oa.s.a 11114 PI1" were 'ltHqtlt o Utal a1'14 Mfthaoe4 t l.S.h. Jobll o x..,. an4 ac.e otbera wn ptvM while "..,uac 'o s tbe -. .... wt or.a17 eaoapea pull.,..,. ., .. lobll 0'..,...,. ra ,.,1.11a wu '-' ..... 1Dc aae ....... ,U _... to Pa Aa late aa ....,_ ..,.., l.MI, !ho Ola11N Lub7 an4 .Zobn or..r, nntaa r.w,... etUl A17 'JI'Jinc to ''-" an 1Jinllftot1c SA !s.p,.ftl7 '' laat 'bel pTe up bope aD4 Ielw to Dubl.Sa laUDeh a 41e4 betoft ,. .. ' ..,tld.Da .TIIbll o I.ea17, ...... sa. tor tbe pllpleal ............. 'tNilt tieal .. ..,.. =rz '1'M pNMCUD& 1nt1'04UDtioll to trD1onlla me! .,. .. ,Ua baa been 4l'Y14ect into he uequal art In the tint ,. .... tae 4eYSoea ... 1rJ tbl thl1calata to ,..,nu.ne t Aet ot t7n1ca whlob paaaect lD 1100, ban been bt4leat... PJltn, b7 -ma ecdJOl ot 'be7 " able ' alnla'-r tba 1nterl attdra ot IJtelalld ,.s.r tile alllt5aJ7, oout5alNlai'J aD4 ..... polJAe. leehl, 1t7 an allleMe wltiL 11M ,. .. nlecJ ela-, 'he7 wes-e uau ot ,. tt.,.lal nppan ot tbe Sa ZN1an4. !'h!N, ClaP' M 41aanate tM oplal tlat -. ._,. x.s.a wes. an f.Dtert

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51 oultural pau.p whSah needed tllw ean ot a Wpel'101' raoe 1n oJider to and 1a thla tbe7 were a14ed not b7 !'ba8lleN71 .. oaula7 aDd but alao b7 ""*1n Iriah wr1teN whcm SUiuel Loftr aDd Oharlea l.eftr WN tiJP10al ea.p18a. aore, tM7 aet llP an edlloat1GDal .,.,. 1n Wbleh the Irlah l.anpap na taboo IID4 efti'J Ift8h b07 or 11Jtl waa 'ftlhtl tlbat bl wa a baPPJ Jlq11ah eh114. .._..,b., the Vn1Gillata aoqb.t to parpett Aot or trn1oa 1t1 oo.b1D1Dc the Oburoh et Irelud. w1th the Ol:lu-oh ot Bqlald into -. atabl1abe4 CbllNh ot a111 m4 :trelaD4. ot the f0111' ueblllqaea, ,. laat tibe leaata t teot1we. I:n the a eo ond pan ot tbl 1nt1'04uat 1011 to Ull10A1 aDd Hperatl, 1ti me-n tihat MpANtla 4RW ltla 1treasth t.R-.n OatbolSe, apanan aD4 po1:lt1oal quart a-. Oatbo11o Olqtoh been lepl17 pel'HMed 1n IrelaDil 11Dee the earlJ' 4a,.a ot the e1s!Meath nturJ but 1D 1 '118 r.e41al UN penal'' JlOIIIIl\ Cathollo e4taoat10ba1 1ut1\ut1GU tae baft a ata'-ta. h.ftblr -llont1Ye lealalatS.a '"' rar117 halted b7 'be paaaase ot tlw Aot ot l1B10D u4 ho 1&7 t18lrea, Daniel oOGDMll u4 'f oor., aroae to prot' latter, Who na em w1th Isaiah r.publie-aDd preaohe4 laDd ,..,_.., we an edent Oatho11o, lNt 1w at tempted .S.th hla pen to belp h1a o...,..llaJ,on.llta. DaDiel oocanell feuded tbe 0atho11o Aaaeo1atlcm ot IrelaD4 aDd able with lta apport tqk.t an eBI\l 'o t haD41eaJW Whlah were 1Jip01ed b7 tiba Cron em belS.eYen 1ll 'bl ot 'be Pope 1n ''" oc.ane11' nesla' ot 'he eut.a,

PAGE 87

II ,._ .. u111 '..u's... lftlaa4 Mell ent1ai.M4 '-' ..... ..-u, -.. ., bU ..... Tat .. ...,. --0Ul:ao11o pa.S.abta alt.ah lap \I1IJalwD .a, ...U.D&lr, lJUh .. ., .., .... b. !be-n u&tn n-M ot lrla eulW.. SA-. IMNJIUI ot X..laa4 .. tbl lleWNDI lola ..... Ja, Ulbblabep ot ttua, 1lbo ......... tbl nwt7 ot a.aue Ill bla ... .. llOUltl:J at lulatll' Oellep. r..u.wtae, A.--laMp -Bale aoqbt to aprJa4 a.. Wp ol IrlU. -hla ... ,,_. Sa tbat -...... ..,_..,la ctNW .... atztJa tNa ........_ 41aooat thin tr. tbl B-Oatulla --WI' Alt!MMI1'l tbia 41aoMilt tCMIIIIl 11t'le .,.,.,.._.u ..,.. .. 1-la tM ,.. .. Sa boolal lb ,. tlft' balt ot _. nlMMell*h ...... ,, llarla _._.b ID4 WillS. OaJAtt bSAMcl at 1ta ealeteDea ara4 . -1S.te4 tea fll '' tM PNIP ..... ,_71DI 'ltbaa t .. 'be ---' f/1 ,. BdatllaMcl ............ .,..lble t ...... llftd pel'locls.a1 wblah attaeMA u. pea f/1 1- OW..e ...-. Ill la-...1 ... polltS..l ..... ,. f/1 ..,.,.,s.., '" phlleeepblea "" ........ 1M tin' waa _.NM4 bJ 'bNI a. P' to opsa011 .U.e wl\h a...t .. lulll '' .... 1 .... 1-. Pr2D M 1800 tbla .......... -, tbe ot D 1Dde x.s.u Parltaaea' aD4 rontne4 t.J en Inah vo--.. ld.Utla whi.Ob wu t01' u a Rnlt ot the cd.....U ot tbl "-'1 .. War r .. lBMJIIIIII.aMe J'.u.lq tba 4Saael\dlca ol Ul.t.a lllll,la, tlll *411111 Wbo a4M4 '' .. Oue71 AcNW 'o Ia lYM. la tbl Wtat !Mes-Sa MtWMD tba' tS. u4 tiM, ..... f/1 tbl An et Val the Inah ra:r11a'

PAGE 88

Iftah ..s..-. arat lMalac aDd WOD ,. auppon fill tm alddla olaaa ani a"Geh heM u Be1117 ON''an aD4 Sir 1-.h 1800, n.at s..SDallu-. ..... .-. f1l .... 1 .,...s.. to appeer the NJWGrl a_. o.bolte, J)azdel ooU. 1D 18al51 wl'h lftah Ud A.trleaA 'bMidac, _. ...... f\tllJ" 1Bbel .... .tl .... ... 1 ot ,. "' fill Val 1D ot CJI ... la 1M01 lie N'YlftA ld.a eft ... a aDl el tabl18be4 ,._ ..,.al A8Mila'loa r. bla fellan AS4e4 '-f ....,, lla apia NM1ft4 a..s.oaa ..,,.., S.ll apl' ot hla tapelllan heetllllQ' 'o aepo alaft17 :ra l.IMI tha DOUA IJ)1 eneUabe4 t.lp h1ll A ,.... la' 1d.8 qltatal ... .w '' peak. 'l'MNafter lie bepn baw cUttl oul,lea Sa Bepl Aaalal wbh h--.. be ealle4 x--. IN'., !!Ia ''"' a..tnaul,,. ara.e bHaue tabe :11-elalden teak s.a .. "''h a ... Oa,boU. b.s.nNb;J a pell,SM1 Ia-. 'lba y_.. lftlaDIWa ..._ .... ,._..., eplalau lD tbl Jdlw lilllll wba, aftna ._'h fll lu .a. 'l'lWnse nan., tld.a paper pw nil- 1' taw-4 pbploa1 tONe, 010f11M11 W 1' 41atMJ.e4 lt7 --Repl .Aaaoela and 'haD apel.lH tboae ... oaS..d ,. IQPM ,,. pelleS..a. lddle olaaa peltaJ' f/6 1ION1 ... s.., bd later baed. ,_N plaploa1 t .... !be lae4iaa '""" Sa 'bl llr ,..loci, whJAh .., '- cia, .. tr. ,. t
PAGE 89

Dill 'fM ltllop f ._ _., ,aH a4NP' ...S.l 1tH1t after Bqllab ,_ ..... liG ..... 1 .. 117 1' tONabad-.4 IM Celtlle NMl .. wlth a CIMlle .,-1- cw ........... -1 ........ t'b Dnt.a, .. a1M ac*1ne4 llJt lA I ....... to t.-fNMatlat RQMl MIOOlatl, paftial17 "a,.albJ. t thla ca.ue ..... -.4 bll alao w a bad. la _.,. .. 11MNI7 PH.f .. ,. LJ.Uu7 or ftlla ... u, fll aldll'nc .. blah hid.,, ,...,, 1:t1clpaJbr 11......... lela ntl, .... .-a.Dana .at ot .-u& aft .. IP'-' &eatll, le lnMNa'-4 la Cleeli note wt be waa 4ewtt.. no fll lta -.-.. .aa4 Jl4wu .. lab. VIIMr lll*ebll' 4Sftett.ea, bllfewr, tile lttAe ... ...,..,.. aS.O.l ,_... aDI wele1 14 tbe oontDatlea ol 1a4 ..,_._ .. J-Pt.san Iel !'be plallaJbr to M tbMJI'ftd. Ia 'bla S.Ndaetl to tll:ll poU\loal .... ,. flit Il'lah JaNtl na tba' *leh ..-...a 1t7 thoee 1lbo .__. \M -' ot ca..ta a.s.aln w1th lft1ul 1rJ pbptal r.... 11M l.l.en _,...-. till pldlh7 to Ito ecmaSUNCI Ia the ,.. .. _. tbeaia WON ,._ V.S.W X.S1b IDe !'MD, aft a paS. Nh,.. tJae Obaftuta, U. Jlb;raS.al r .... en fll ._ T-lftla4 aou' 4t..a-M4. !be lfll1M4 Ifta--._.. ..,UU...e. fbi ho ... popalar le ..... f/1 tabla ._...-WN !be.W Welto .,_ ad ...,_.. .... t. Wh aoqllt b .w fll tbat 1up and .. .,. ._le elau f/1 ,. ., ,. 8ll ot 110 ... .-,. a4 ..... .U.lla17 !lllp tre. the Preht 8-'h fa11e4 UMl bot;h nre exeoutecl

PAGE 90

bJ tbe r lo,al to the crowra. -t 1a ot &ddltlGD&l 1D'veat b ... uae ot hla trledllhlp tor oore whlo.h led tM latter to oelebrate h1la lD both po'l7 ud pro 'I'M UD1te4 Ir1U.en pab lllhed two papera, Dt P!1! an4 the JgrtMrp 8W. ftth tM latter two wrl,era who wve atvaoted b7 u. Oaell a.ote _,.be aaaoolate41 Obarlo't Brooke and stnt. '!'he 11D1Mct Irlalamen alao lDap!JtM a OODtlporU7 DOYell' Lad7 Jllorpn aa4 uu.eroaa &DOD,.OU. balladlata. 'rl Cbal'tlata llDlr tbe Ullited IJ'la!aeD wlth the YCRii.D& IrelaDder pr1De1,.11J tbi'Oap ua. peraoa or p..,_ oc-. ... Tlle Y-IJ'elaadera 4ld Dot ..to Jbploal to.oe atll 184.8. ID that .,...,, JoliD 111tohel atarted the UJJ.tt4 Ipp, a k17 paper to whioh J Claro Manp.n ooatJtlbuted. After tl-n aon1Za1 ezlateoe Hb1t!f Ir1eley wu auppreaae4J ud Jlltohel aa be baa tol .. 1D. h1a Jell JOVM.),, aentenoect to tounea ,. .... ot exile rrc. Irel&Dd ho DR piQ'aloal tottee OJ'p.D! apftD8 up 1D lta plaoe &D4 the !atlon waa dra towarda lta poUe1ea. 1'h.e two new papera were abo.nUed 1* Pl.M tbe Ylb!ole 1D whioh J-a PlDtaD Lalor expHHe4 hla Hftl1ltl011U7 opialoaa GD laD4 t anapapu, Irl!h tJ'lbJmt .,.llaMt w.ttlap b7 W1111aa Oit.Jtlete1 111obael aD4 BlobaJid D'Alt Wllll !'he Jet Up bu al110 a 11 Mru7 lD.tt beoa 1 t pr1D.te4 an lDtltoJ7 adora ... nt ot pbfaleal tor" b7 the JIOther ot Oao&Jt Wlldl. Pollowlq tiheae aU,JP"aalODa then waa an unn&l lDa lD ADd elanllue b IH1u4. !'he 110at oe;-Nt.a nppGI'hra ot pbJaloal tore at thle tiM were Wl111 Salth oBrl, J PlDtan Lal.OI' aDd alx otllera 'lllho later were to beocae PenlaDaa !ha.aa Fl'Uiela M-sher Jllabael DobeJa7 1 !h-. a Clarke Lub7 1 Ju StepheDa1 JohD 01Mah0117 and Jobn O'Le&r7

PAGE 91

CHAPl'BR II IB'l'RODUC IIIO FBI LUISM Por tbl purpo .. or SDt;rocJuolng Penlani lt aeeu log1-oal to tlrat deaorlbe tbt aoene p.S.or to tba tor-t1011l ot tbe Brotherhood 1a 1818J nen, to tell how tba orsan1aat1 ointo beiaiJ all4 to oonolude with an 1D41oat1cm ot aome later a whioh oo01U'l'e4 between 1888 and. 1870, atter 1Jbe Pen1u1 Brotherhood ba4 been flnlJ' eatabl1aM4. Tlw nbJeot tter pnMDtl7 to be 41aouaaed 'be broken . into two parte. i'bl earlier will be 4eYote4 to tbe 1n1Jeroourae between lftlaa4 and tbe United 8tatea betOH 1M9J an4 the later will 4eaoribe the lntenal betweil l&&g aDA 1818. Illteroosrp n:c:nbi!tW!sl' Un1te4 In 1888, l olm BJil&ht, tba t..oua Llbenl, Dade a 1 8 apeeoh In Dublin. Dul'lq tbe oourM ot h1a rerk be aalda You wlU Nooll4tot ,., when 'be anolent Hebrew popbet pn,.ct Sa hla oap,1Y1t7 be pra,.cl with h1a &8

PAGE 92

&'1 wlrad.ow opeM4 ....... Jerua1ea. YOil lmow \Mt ,,_ tollOnra ot Mab r4, a. ,_,. PH71 tun tlwlr r.... 'onrd.a .. _. 1lbMl ,. Irleh peaaald aaa te too4, and. tN.._, aDd blelDs, bla .,. tollen \he t1n& - the aaplrat lou ot hla bean naoh be7..S tlw wU. Atlatlo, aD4 lD splrlt. be graapa haJMla wl'll .,.._, Republle ot tbe We at &ri4eaoe ot Irlah lAte ... Ia tbl .... ReppU. ot .. n 1 u .. _.17 1n1 baa alftadJ M4ID pnaentecle P.UowJ.Aa tar a1Datlca ot tbll .a.rs..an Wu trw IDle,........ 'hla SateNat '0 be beJ&b'elaH al-.r eJdcNtlOG W Q Yllll'l to tlw VnUJe4 MJ bJ net1oa -.ru.n wQa ot ,,_.,. tw Irteh w1tera wb8 "" aewr ' oNea ,,_ A'larl'lJ a4 1 ,.._ writ bs or aotilou, or '-rloau, Inahdrlo.a.a, Wbloh re .-4 o appeal 'o m ll'lm U an '-erloan pablt.o. IJtlah 'sra'loD to *-Vftih4 Ita' wh1eb NW nOh eD...oua ,a..pons..-la tM a1MtMDth MDt\117 1 1a too U lmCND -l'lt alaNita,lOile hz'bape lt le lld ao well Down I ._, 1' IIOGN 9l.S., .. ._l'lo. 1D 1803 1806, OhaJIIlea Leftr I ill 1816 aDIIl 1819 aiMl 1._.1 Lcwar, ne, llke li.eMJICI D'AltGD I 11&11ta-, paro4l.C Ilflla, 1D 1M& aDI *' A teanh Ylal' to tt. UD1tecl IMMe, l&ocae71 da.enaa t\ln.blr ouidea.tlcm l:Nt tlm ,. wltlDI ot aoM Irlah .,.,. .. ,. be

PAGE 93

1 aerloe lntlu..-a 1a ,. ,_,.,. ot MtbN7 De vere, I S Sir S...l Perau aDd WllU Alllnpa .,. Men NOOI'deA or will JClaren .. Meqen alao axpNaM4 hiaaelt an adJdlter ot Pas-0fMD ... ,. tbe A'lants.e wavea -n. O&M ot tM RewNDI CHaar reCZQS.Itea acme elab ... ,lca. on-7 a t.a-ou cletn&!er fit thl BatabllaW Olaa'Oh wblab, l' will 1M .........,_, OM ot the dnloea e4opMcl 117 tlbl UDiellfta Ia 1800 ' ,_.,_._-. the UnS.t.t Elna-1 4ca ot O..t Brlt;ai.D u4 lNlaAe .r.an-. .... ad.GlbMcllJ' beU.-..4 tba' thia Ba'-bliaMc! Olatfth waa -oed 1 R..a, OatbOlloS.. 1D bla 8lpt!M .&a Ir!'IP4 tla'e S.. a 1--a ''* e ,..Jar X.S.ah Ca,b.ollo belief lD the alft enoe or 8aln' Pah-1oll1 a Puraat017 Oil u 1alaDd 1Q toap Dera, O.ua,,. DGUaal In o,_, oplale 'hl bel let was 'Dloal ot atpenll.tS.. wbloh 'be O!aaHh fill R-llllouloated lD 1ta a4 ad lt Sunlt the e ... t1oa ot an BnablllbM OJ:au-oh whieh woul4 pJIO,.pte ._ IIIOJ'e llll*eMt 'hHloQ ot Oxtcmt or or 'b1Dlt7 O.U.p, DDUn. I 'b1 boe tllltJ' to.ft\a \be R-.n OatholSo cn.Joh Wbloh aD4 WllU.a Oarlet toptlaer Sa u4 a "n1t1 Oarlet vote thf1w 'AIIa&t' Ders a .,_,. whieh NMIIbW Oha71a attaok 1la !JrltObl Ja InleT, t :at 0}1:1.!\W! !M!I!lfE, a

PAGE 94

D\lblln perlo41oal te4 laJ tl' latt;r a OOD "" troa R-.m OatholJA1 m4 1n an 011 b1a W Be Yat .... rtedl Oarleta a4 Oha7. -aenea ... bew. The leaD -'Nftralalla' IDtlnl'lJ cJel.S.sl*ed. wl'h 1;:b1a HaW nn, ..a .. ' Mft Mflt1en4ecl Ida to pod. Br hla Mo-.D4at1oa, 'ftll Loqh Pllpla' _. wl,tea. A r ... ,_., later, Oulata olearecl -r ..., ,........ a.. otway woul4 bUdl7 apprcrn of '' pNHftt tON. Aa W baw lt llOW t 11 a ' WOIIMrf\11 pl... ot W'Ofte fbe 4lll obapel at l'l1aht, tbl Jl'tl7laa ,.. ... ,, t teu ot a aupanatnuNl -'ID U the7 aleep, rall fll tbe ,...._-fit the pllei'J' -DO OM 1lbo baa Na4 lt t..._ta ,he .. \b.Saja.l Yet, aooorctinc to aw.e O'a.111Yaa, thle -noleD' UlllODlat m4 toe ot the R-.m OathoUo 01at:roh, Oaeaar .,.,.. loalc tt. taot tbat br tbelJt NYolut1CIIl the MpaNtlate bad no1; ended tlW ulcm ot tbe th1,.een oolonlaa wtth tbl oout17 but aleo bid aoql* to prohibit tbl ulatenoe ot an Batabl1ahe4 Obul'ell SA .U Unlte4 StaMa ot t!w tuhN. rw ot;_,. an actadrer ot rleaa Poet171 With seepl'4 to Irlah 1DteNat 1ft Aaerlean wrU;r ot an rl1er da7 1* lntereet J'ca& to know that: 1a 18M oaaar oWQ in Dalt111l a llttle olsaM ot s lot!Gu troll tbl Poeta (Sm. &Yo. wan_..,, 1t.11 a rather.,._ eolleot1 IID4 apan IIPJ' W11111 aftd 1Fbl''ier oontalna tn Mile f6 a117 n<* IDo14an,., leae lntleree\e4 1D .-erloa t;:tan ot W7 ane ot b1a bettr mown !Ia lhJqapte Jlt AlpMrn, JlllltlS..W lb 186'7, \ella ot tbt heartaobee ot I Stpatlt.

PAGE 95

ooueo\1cm wtt;h tbe not Wllllaa Oarlet;cm t;bl aotlGDI D4 WrltlDsl ot -J1.oana, .... Oial.17 11b.1oh wen uat.saed. 'o appeel 'o Irlah wll an AMI'l oan publlo o011e 111D1. P D. 1. o...-., OarletOD' a b1qtap.r, Ma tol4 how the ao llel'DQ' WWlaa, populal'1ae4 obber ot Oapleton' nonla lD the Ullltect Btata .u ba4 .... Carleton' anoe a pNteS...l Ylalt t;o DubUn ctn.tlae4 aowl ot "'111Md 1t tor '- !Ida .S.ptatl MllAtd '\'he Oennle Sooph INa 'M obaneter ot tbat _.. ill ''l'bl 'tlt;be ol wh1oh Oaplete ..... ' baft sot tha 14M tr. ''-'N41tlona ot 'm .Steoa or lcwSal re4laat, perafM88t nat4 A Mw gn mo -. aa 1t1nerant; IIQuter poet 8114 1'1 .tat, ad -wboae at111 wll reJIIIbeN4 lD sbt Sautb ot IN a third 110Nl b' ,_let, ala Dogbl! PJ:opb!oz, wb1oh pablS8be4 In 1818, ts.n 8ppeare4 a "Pial Ill tbe 8 lew York I!1b.AMr1ffB AD eaeulft bl'bllo....,bJ ot Irla--.rlean ,.nectloala and pu.blloatl ,.s.cw to wa 1a Doa-ext.at;u' .AJIOI\I tba ear11eat perlo41ea1a .,. be mlcmed two .Utect b7 Ntupe a U111te4 Il'la._, Sb!!ro!Js 18111 ad !xllte 'l'o tbaH be a44e4 tbt 0'0eM11lh paper tnth wbloh fCNDde4 1n YOI'k Ill lla, a4 PJ:ld. wbleh t1Nt appeure4 Ia SO.t a ln 1838, IJ.'o tbS.. ,.._, ao Oa'hDUo per1o41oala of t!M

PAGE 96

81 p!'O.,_bl7 ehCN14 be alnee liN' ot tlw R..a OatboUoa ill 1 A:rloe bet ... 1M8 nn &1&. Ot tibe Ir11b.-.rlou bo* publlabe4 prlOJ' to 1818, tbl 110et alaalft ... t -r.._. ._,. B1f\on g[ I!lQ4 whlob pu'b1lahe4 ill a. l&&a. ... ,. 1* a hip oplDS.-. ot Ift.ah I oul'UN and obJeoMd tar .are dJWn&oaa17 tban llarla ....,_..h, a or Lad7 .-, to 'be "'-Irl.._za." lftdMcl, with a po1nte4 retereDDe to J.oftr, ot Ilt94l !ply. be deolue4 1D hla Hy!orzl 'l'bln o.utcn be '" -..:r ot good aD4 ebup blatorleal booa oS...O..la,e4 OBS ,. eople. P....,.J.7 tn.y seee4 tu desr.cSSng nartet1 ot Oafita1p .Preu, kU ZtfSO!h aD4 O'!pl'!f beoauae 7587 oCii%d{ptli'O""'t:ii er t .:xp;noe or a a?111 wre tt. Han4ri.Ah4l' or the oreatiana of .... 111 -.h better. .. ex h1b1ted Iriehmln bQt to be laU!Ied atJ aD4 J"l41ou le aDd oea" aklll. and ala are v.na.aatt1 Boraoe CJ11Mle7 na one tile nbaor.Lbera tor tbe H1at OFJ whioh mteN4 lta HOGnd e41tlon wlthila twr aonha after D pqblloa tlGD A triAt1MllJ' ort.tle wrobea .8\tt tbl &Nd MPlt ot 'be book la, lt 11 wl,Ma 'bJ aa X.tebMn Who lona hia OOWltry, aD4 bol4b M-noun .. J.ta - tatoh wOJ!'lU tbla at .,_, oo rln41 J8U will ao lata be obliged ' read tbl 'ale or Brill'a c.w ,_,. lA ele .. n apeolal teatuna 1 a.eftl' betOM p-eaeatad 1n &117 IJtlah ., H1do17 tba 11111tat MOOMJ' la14 Uta WJ7 tOIUida,1ou t en Irlah HM1a..-., a 1 a .,_,. .. 1 'bl tmt IX dll rewala

PAGE 97

81 Ill 1M& -.rloaD t 1NlaD4 t.alate4. Tbla mlDt no' 4etene4 'bJ the JrOIIP ot a NYolu,loa 1D tbe ldter ._..,. .&aeal 8ppeue4 te ,. eellee,lce ot tu:Dd.a to lit the Nbela Ia Phl1e4elplda Roben \'7lel' I eoaaplnou Ill 'hla aot.nQ-. All tude HSae4 " hme4 Oft!' 'o 'M Dlftoton ot tM Pr1Am.4a Ill INlad ill ... York ot 11h1oh H_..M 0Weele7 and Jobll S..pe, 'be R-.n Oatbollo Blahep, wre lrll)aetr1o81l .. ,-.1 ... reaow Sia peak atl tt. 1. KMD87 1 .IR .A.D..., ftl. 1, PP 6-1. a. See PP

PAGE 98

ea t 1M ot the lllpeaa1cme4 .,eeebee an 811neDAJian b7 ll .. pr 1 and Dobell7 A na, ftriaaal,-eett.te4 at ta&,ooo aDd t1Do.ooo, was oollaote4. After tbe t1aeeo 1D ''8 tbll Ph1la4elph1a R!!. patch attaoked Irl&b.a..rloana .. aponalbla tor eolleo'las aon1ea troa t.cn-ant Hnt.lacalrla wder tala pNt .... aa S'latla'-4 b7 the s,..aas.oaed but ai.atlate4 eloquenoe ot patriot tbe ,_., Dudred.e ot lnah people 1D thla elt17, laMNra, ohulber.a14a, on an4 Mrnnte ai'Cien' u4 ..,...aned trleDb ot tbelr '1" eou'17 laY1ahlJOontr1lN1se4 tr. tbel:P ll,t;le llliau t owarcla 1n4epen4enoe ot IN laD4. !t. aone7 all snepe4l eagerly anepe41 and oold SDuect aaS.tatl at ' meet in& at Oblneae alked tar " It waa g1Yen ..cl tbue, welc ane,. wu, 'be esolt-nt kept up1 utll t:t::. Sllewpaclll n1n4le Q1oM4,mu1 tl'w deluded 'rio tlu retu o &1 07 ... .... .an7 ot tbe INland ohate took Ntqe 1D tbe Unltd State alter thla tallute. ot Ule perS.o41oala wnlob wre 4ealpe4 to appeal to an Irlab._rlom au4ienoe ot .,.,. tlet tbe earlieet and moat 1-..u.- tbe IrJ.p....,r1fp, e41te4 bJ Patriolr whloh tlrat appeaN4 1D lMI. Por .. nt purpoH ita oontente be ocneid.eNd tro1l a pol1t1oal aDd. llteNI'J poln t ot Saw Proia tbe po11t1oa1 ataa4polnt, alu.oqb lt waa or1t1oa1 ot the DiNOtOI'J' ot tbe Prlen4a ot IN1aD4, ll'11bAI!!El01J1

PAGE 99

taYare4 a Red Kep:abl1oa Re9olu,lce tor Irelan4a abaU 1Dat11 ID\o tnda ot our pMple1 ill lftlaDcl,that ttr 0__.17 wUl MYer '-bleaH4 tbat tmlwa .s.u Jor a. llbe.-7, 'lU tbey wll baok ._ oontlaoatect eat l>7 a Re4 a.-pabllean boldloa.!,i= .. ll'ftr 1 tbM ewer 'o thelr lawhl 1111Mra1 Dil Pt9.RJI 81n0e LJDOh na 1ntereeted lD nYobatlOD1 lt la ut nS'pS'la1Dg to 41aow 1D lzl ..... rltg an lntereet 1ll Ir18h Wl'ltlnp ot a aepara\la' natve. 1D Ycauac lre'am.ra, 1D en4elloea or ._rlou Qllplll:-t Irlah Nft1UUGD1ata eD4 1n MllJ.etlftl 11111 ta17 nppon tor IMlaD4 ill t1D1t!4 ltat r.n.r RtAas I . Oa!b!l aps-aNCl a Sale RdW 'bJ JlO au M41tloua 1 1' na tbe newel 1Jl Whloh l.eftr attaollld .a Un1oa1a' !batDNJ' tu tlw latt' Ir11h ktt!h Boolsa .._ a Batapp. lr1&=+Mr1oan "r""'-' p-.. b7 DobeJQ', BllM'b!tb Wllloqbbf Va.S.U (PlDola) aa4 MOCMJ''a ellb'Mil propoaS.,laa.a t npaen,loa ot Inlu4. MOOM7' Ylewa CD laD4 ret_. are ot periloular a ft. law ot propert7 _., 1M OIJ.eU.4' lad IUOh lesS..latlOD -.t JeoosDla an4 pret;eot he peor;=. 'fbi 1all4 8-t be the lt 'M7 4o net; .. rt it. 'tbe Hat1pn' '- ot 1::liR the Inah lal* w1n tbe bleDdah1p ot 8 the United Btatea s.pr111M4a

PAGE 100

In .._. la .,.... eat fl'ae4 or Sat..., owrae betw 'be aoo1al ola ,._ II'Mteat li.HrQ' ot apa .. b aDA apeoulatl ,.n be PM't 1-. ot ..S.r, 81111 J"eape t tw tbl Jll&l*a ot eaoh. Tbeee 'htna, 1t INland eould a..UN, ablt lllall' tben be Jhatan allf ,.._ tbl Dublla Mhsn ailllla '" rt.a. ns-ata wre 1 8 s.prlll'M. Ill IIMplq I.fDoh'a babed tor a.._, tr1fh::A!!r1oP obael'ftd. I.a. 'bl -paper 'be toll.ewJ.Dc 01 ID' the oeeaaloa ot Qaea \'t.ot..U 'a Ylalt. 'o lftlaa4 SA 184.8 t "'!be aboul4 be Aewed 'h teua, 4eae4 la ....wa., aD4 bldSns Ba s... t '" SUMM ot .-sna a1117 eshlbl I tlOD lD publle, SD lwa ot llaJ .. hell the alld BJiplM Pnmsn ..... whln st 4NW paNU.l betwea IN- lan4 aDd s.aarr lrJ .... rt.nc Jdm M1,.Ul w1Ul r.w. Eoen,h, Ir1fb:Mpr1!1p lllte .. aw 111 u. x--. aa 11Ylq lrlah -- a Reel RepdlU. ReYolutica. TeneDM Belln lloamaa -pe fNII aerwltude e 1nc17 .. ,_.... a.-. -,. .Tom a.-.. -.4 s.ohul DobeaJ " aoolaJA Aa4 ill 4Sa .. alna 'bl fll tbe ta111are fill tbe .. ___ _., lfJ.ahA.S,op JNiaecl 1alm O' .. bel toJt baYiq aJ.wn bla YoluMMJia Den7 to teed. tM toad ot tbl ...r'

PAGE 101

whllreaa l_..ra W ........ .-h tonalaa wl'h 41ataar 1 an 'tM'k Oil prt ,...-,.. Ill omaeotd. with Irela,.,.ra, lt J be pMDW Gat 'bat Daniel Webeter WGD I.f'Doh' aPP"ftllJJ ...._,ill& pnaea.t t;o heaS4ent Jllllard Plll.aa.N a ,.,l,lGD em bebalt ot a _..r ot 'ba wb.aa ars.,tah aon ... s w MDtM4 o peaal "1"* l'Mlwled. I 1D thla petlS. WN ,,_ n.ea ot lleapr aD4 IIJ,,oMle ao tar AMrloa tone...-, !r&fb:Wd!tp '07 aueh Yic!eot '-trlou aJ'IIIfPdlq u "" "'"alecl b7 DuJ.el .. bater aDd Boaoe ttbll latt;er pan leu adld.NCI rw tftea417 r-rlca ..a dutns hla Ylalt to a Irelu4 ill 1U1 wbl" be waa ftM1ft4 1JJ ...,. I' wa alH 1nteftaM4 lD l.latllls ldllta17 nppon 1n t!Mt thd-'ecl Btat.ea. 'l'bua lt Nporie4 with approyal Doai dadloatloa ot !!!!, Ptloa' e TnoJt to O..ral J- SbleUa, an Inb-'rtoan eo M4 ......,_ wl'h ciUtlnotlOD ill tw Jlexioaa. War. It urpd. tbe r_..,klll fll .... we17 I.teh .. ,s..ta ill 'n. 11Dlte4 stat AIIQ' beoau tbe .S.ll'-17 U.lnlna al&b' Pl'ON uaetul 'o tllw s..ltP'Ut wben t;be:r "Wne4 o INlaD4 t;ake pan 1ft the antlo1pa'e4 ""lu'l IDa14ullJ. IJ:ltb='dM repane4 tba' 'bl fth md. '18tth ..., WN .... OMd of YOlunteeN Who wntecl 'obeOome c1t1MU et u 'Irlab lepublS.O and."" '11 to tree 'bllr eCNDtJ17 .,. .. ,.. AD4 an DGIQIIOU oetr1b:ltar, 4N1dn& an analGIJ beheen aOb aol41era

PAGE 102

. ., an4 elulNI 1D Parl ... al...S an alJIOet a a1a1lar baat, a44AHII lo cme I 'hlak WS.U cuetl 'be propl'iatJ tit 'belq prepaN4 '0 .......... ot UJ .._, thllt; lab* oeoo 1n INlaDd.. bnaDM Ia ''a, lt !.nftM4 ot pw-eparJ.Dg WbltD w weN wante4 wn t!;ooo Mn NIMIJ AID IW
PAGE 103

1 I 8 thla COIDDM,lon 01S:nr Wea6t11 BolMa 1 Whittleza, PatriOk 11eaJ7, an4 Poe be 'ata .. 1J b)" Poe (tttrbe Oquar . ..... ) an4 J- Olazrenoe ...,.., ngeat a peealble 8 ot oae b7 tbe e-e lf not all, ot tlwae poet a ware a1 reed7 lmon In lftlaD41 ot oOUJiae, aDd pan ot an "1ole abOQt 7 Lcmsfell na Nprillt.d. ti'Oil DQbl1B Up&nn&tz !!paine. laM .. ;trl!hWE1fiB PQb1bW a letter tr an Irlah retqee wbleh aaaerte4 tbat .IMrloa healtaat; in NOO(plialD& ita own tnt;elleotualaa aD4 Blleraon waul4 baw 1l_. ud died 1n obvltJ 1t to:retp orltlel bad not tbll:P 8 PNl Irlah wrikre, atblr than MaDpn, wbo wre aaiftd b7 9 10 I,JDOh, wre .&Ulllcball a4 - ....,., a appeaN4 1n Ir1Ph'-rJean at; JD1JerYala, 011 aae oooaalon wltb a al7 aJl,ualcm 11 to the Jew Yark BeJ!l4 whi.Oh bad atMOke4 bb. .. res.t.t117. ot a ala1lar lDtereat tba aebolar wre poe b7 Della Ste'ftrt Panell, aother ot Stert hru11, aDd Obarlaa Uokball, the future tan ohlet. lira Paraell' a poea, ...,_ IrS.ah lllli al'llld 1 a Mleu, not alaaed 'tNt ber autborehlp 'be aur a1Hd trc. t;:t. 4Ho.S.pt1 ot tl autilo:r .,. d.augb.ter ot Ca.ao40N lten, an4 trca t;be poea llelns dated. AYondale,

PAGE 104

88 1 Oeuat7 Wloklow, ...... ,, a.. LD:ewlae E1okt.a'a p .. A .. 414 aat bear b1a 'tNt be oribed to hSa b7 Yi1'tue t the a1.,_wre, x. -.llt.nebGM, I Wowabel', 1110. !be attest. wld.oh t.peh pa14 o 11M Irlah 'M&UP and tbe .IRsl .. IJilall41alee' ot BnaUaJa prlOJt to 1818 cte .. rre ''D tilcm beu in hit atlot.paMd. Jl7de, LedJ ONaot'J' aD4 BJDC b7 balta oaBlii'Je !H-Wr1!JD .. ,., .. ANbbiab.op llaoJiale 'a oonoem t aatlft X.t.ab .,_....., a11111a1'17 OCIIl ome4 t OMUo epuera tlbo :w lpate4 to ... YJc an4 naeete4 'ha' tbe ft-. Oatbol!o cUooe ot tM olQ' U1ou.l4 apall8C)r ..... 1a Il'laha A lftat DJ of CQI' OOilrdr,.I:D aJ14 OCIIWltJ'1W .. I\1 lD and about thla o1t71 but imperteotl7 apeak an4 UD&irated .-bgllah lapaait. to thea a.llalou Snatruotlon their til\'e ti0118e would be ot dMpen lnteNat aD4 t....-aoe-;o Aa 'he al._.a ot a Wee .. b.ool, X.,.h '""'-17 .... Ilah hiuelt At 8117 raM be prlat.. a poea ln. Iriah 1ft hla peper and MftNl tnnalatlelaa, -.t lat ... atlq ot Whloh a po. SA tON or a raala whUh .,.opMtlo ot tlw wr .. tON to I be adopMA t:rr walt WbS.tMn. ao tar tbt qlo-Irt.ah 41a:S.ot ot Bacllah 1a oonI'M4,

PAGE 105

'70 1t la to obMne that I,JMb, or1tlo1ae4 tor baYfaa eD ooarap4 tbl bellet tblt lrltallah Ill Irelaa4 'b7 tbe lpCiftllt Irlah people, 4en1e4 that be ealoulate4 to bol4 bla ownt17wn up to 1 a,.11ms ._..., ....... _,.. a Ine'vun, ... eordilla to aftlld., haa 'been JN.l' D7 a.nla, OltUtlD, l'.tcn'er1 OalnJ a4 ba .. uwr 'beeD acouaed ot tbia obaJ11e. leot! 1 'Diii"iia, s.a, ud other aontleh wrltere ba98 dane 1ntereat whleh Iftabe.Awrloan took 1D the tbMter le f4 oona14erable at.pttlea .. to tM etuct.t ot --Celtlo ftMla aanoe. 414 not lwaltate to oonct.n tbl atap Irt.-.n -.n be &lftD an opposat-'-'7 Ill lfMG, '!Jr .. 8 POIIer'a 01PltgpkM J.Bll!Jl P!1M! waa pl'e4UOe4 at Broad W7 tbaater 1 lew Yek. 'l'wo -bera ot the au41eDM .-4e a 41a tubanoe e4 "" eJeote4. f.WDeh o-..e4 tbe eplaodel .. hope CNl' lrlah AMrle hlalllla1 WMn 'M7 Ylal' the ud tbeft bebo14 rloatuN np-eeeatat1ou ot UaelJt natlft laDII, w111 1:a.w tlw alia.aa to hiaa or otme"lae 41aPNft '1'1ro ,.... late, ee1 r tDt1Da aa aaothllr plaJ, a oorreaponlllent deolare4a It 1a a aa4 but tae taot 1D tM Iltlah U.., oa 'be -'P 'be gro.aeat oars.oaturea and.._, ssente4 a1eHJ:l"aentat1oaa are bad NOCJUrH to. hen tbe snat rr.,.. ... baaelt, not ...... CMt tbl ptraw, w 'Nneoet'M1ed tbl bcamdal'f ot -.,.. d scm onr lato 'be pronao. ot ,. abeurd aDCl r141oulCNa othq will oure t;h1a tNt 'be produotl ot aterling 4NM! 1 aa4 'be taate t ablllb' 1 ud -lenS.. ot an _,uabed aotal', aDG tbe Opli1 ot 41oeaSDa pello..

PAGE 106

'11 1 a ID 'h1 wiD, Be:meJ WillS.. aD4 SaaMl LoYer wre alao or1t1-s o1ae4 wt nt* all plara and pla7ftl&hta with an lrlah 4 I were NptdUtM. ,...,...,. h1a leR!81lQ!l! !Jt. Aetr1ea, e John BatOilgbM and Bfaloloaul' reoe1w4 trin417 awiMa. ot tbl 't'aE10Qa .. ,.nt1n perlo4loala allll4e4 ,o, Ir1fh AMr1oep la ot peoul.S..Jt a1p.s.t1oaoe beoauH UD4er a later e-u. g tor, P J ... lt -an .,aOttlolal Wn York arsan ot 10 . tM ._ID Brotherhood. &lao nc*ewonh.J' wre 'bl In York u Btt1ga, b7 '1'. D. MoOee wbo W been llitobel'a ua1atant a a oa U. DQbl1D .. tloR, and aber Jln Yk paper 1 !be Oltlan, --1' tOUD4e4 SD Deo8111ber, l86S lt7 lilt obal u4 m.c..a Prazao,.a .. apr. AD extraot bca the proapeoha ot tlhe latter ebowa the tper ot lta e41tora a 1'bef reh o belle't'e tbat li'S.U..D at ha.e are ao altJ aa 'oM 'loyal' to 'bit ao..Nip ot Gna' a.lta1n, or Ir1ahwwn lD -.rlea oan elldure t;be ot aooep'llla tlle defeat whloh baa 4rlftll 'ha tNa 'h laD4 ot tbalr -.1 'ba' belfte4 laD4 an objeot ot pl'J &D4 OOIDMapt to tbt wr14.lB BQt, perbapa, 1t D:! 91'1"9 1a lllpwtmt at all 1t 1a beoauae 111t0hel1a i!l! Jwrpel waa cw1slnaUJ publlaW lD b trca

PAGE 107

'11 1 JDUIPJ '0 A\1pat, 18Me BJ 18M ...... baft powll I ... 1'1 ot Kl,oMlla YieW1 t ill tbat J'MI' be a lauboW hia om pa.-r, ,. "b !tg. PSMU7, Ia 1810, PhoeDllr. waa towrded iD ... Yon u4 .,..... ,._ ottloial Ol'pD ot t:tw newl7 orpDlaed r.s.-S.Obrboecl BaWI't7 ot tbl boolc-ptbllabnta Who eat eNd au41enoe, r. II.Bawr,, aJ.DcW ' t apees.al eoaaSAeN'l An ualpe4 oblWUJ in JB a -ld.U e41M4 1t7 O.Nl4lftl a . Hawi'IJ71 M11a ot h1a blnh lD Dlablill Sa l8a'1 aD4 hla &ppftll'iee work n the .... ot a.,an a.n.1laaeJRlltlllbeP ot tM ane etitloll tl tlbe IAzmala tbl Ji'ov IIUMN1 t e41te4 Owen At Yialt 1Dc .... rloa 1a 18&'1, M Ntnal'Ded '0 lrelald t tiM -.ote4 NYOla:atl-. W'MD 'ba' ta1W to -... s.oua aqh ba ......... R.Walnl 'o YGI'Ic be waa ....S..4 SA l.&M and .,... ...... ... . trta whleh bl pUb1labli4 .,....,. or Ir1ah b --.l-betna DciQ4cl 'a laa7 Leaacma' ( tbll lnt p.tb11 oa t101l ot 8J11 Jci.Dd ln tbe 11-lah language 1D AMrlO.)J JabD 0114ahGhf11 tru.alatlon ot t X..t ll'lg' a H1ato17 ot. t a oolla0t1oc ot Irlah lo 'UDder ot aoo Ir11h AU., .... ot lllllalo ner la-..d ne 1._.4 a 'Llt ot .ftobert and -nu. a W1a t uDil tr -Dlte Mad441f11a Lift I ana Tlmla ot tlnS.t;& ill 1t appeue4 t the tlret tl _. date. ot Robe"' ta bbth, lied d.en nM be11lg abla to tln4 s.ti;e

PAGE 108

!h18 b1bllOCNJbJ I.DONaM4 tw.l aD IDDCIQDO-IIl' 11b1eh applllft4 iD uaa baok er o ... r .. ._.la,lca ot Eaatbc, pabl Uee4 _. Daftft7 ill 181'1, Wbleh "OOI'ded. a ,..,_ Uoatlc:aa or .... an.tr. tA'-"'lDa 1,_ aa I 'hla lla IN IMJ' ._ Dl, 1f114 IriiB .. n..J llocftta !Ia wo at DtJll at LM4 14'!r1 nwr.a tad boob Dnte, ldla Mltuel 8Dd -1 ........ a -'1'1ecl oel'le Vld MlJAdt..a, actftn1M4 1rJ le ' OllllpJMa -.4 !'e Oe lftta, bb 01 *-W" to be JMllftA eontrilM' Irllh blt ..... ot .. Ifttb AD!l-ab lt doN DOt IJ wJete tbe laMitd b7 lleftft71 wo _... ltOGira abau14 be tcldM to tb.U ltlb11QINJI:art EOWI -.... w1th as.apapbt.eal Iat.-.u. liJ' Jo!a 11Dollll1 0011hlna diii:S.. luen 11tWth aclftniaect Wlllle cu:a.tona !Ia. BlaH PtrWI alao pablS.es.t 1 bla. ID. YSAnr ot X.ta t..... to 1e e.-eel OM wl'h Dwda, ..,..., ......... lt S.a ...... that 'be7 lboW4 ftD4 an -..s.-p8Uab at lJ' daM. wl-. Q llefta (DI..rgzg II. !' 7' PUll) ea4 t;hat; 1tJ ,.. ...... oGilHlMA laba!kPns. .. 1t7 llittlle11 -lll1 J9YNl, alae, JQbllaM4 1t7 Ha..n,.. Da"fia, .._. bapiftt;S.., M...U.nc M 8 Yetta, ... la17 r ........ --117. lil4 0.....,.1,1 doea 1. .. .. a.

PAGE 109

,, not aeem flo la been IIQOh e ffMtecl b)" oonteapCil"'lrJ AB.rlhll leiatera. On the otiur ban4 lie 81ft ..... Mr11a1n17 to ban been r-111ar wlth Lonsfellow and p!'obabl.J to haft known tbe work ot Poe. In h1a hl's-o4uotlon t o tbl Poe.e J- JlltoMl 4eolare4 tbatJ prt.ar to 18&'7 :Iangan ... alaoat unmcra. 1n AllerS.oa and p;preaae4 tl belief tlbat "ill thoae United Statea qu11ie eDOU.p ot the true Oeello ear tor Mlo47" eldatect to warrant tb8 publloa,10D of the YOllae. In4M4, .. nsan na almoat UDJmown" 1n ._.lal4, oo He waa a Nbel pol1,1Hllr, aD4 a rebel 1Dtelleotuall.7 m4 Qlrltualq -a Nbe wS.th bJ.a whole hlart aDd aOttl a1alnat \be whole BJI'l'lah aplrltJ ot tM .... 'l'be oonaequenM waa aure, and not --.oted.. Bardl7 aDJ 1n BqlaD4 knew name ot noh a peraaaJ ud tbe anl.J' on1i1qQe of hla Yolur oalle4 a.,... All1ibolog whioh I baw ever ' wl,h, 1a ftl'J abort an4 OGD teiiiDifuoya natloe ln tbe PQE!?E QMI'terb, tor October, l.ld r.ter in the 1ntro4uotlon 111tot.l ln4loate4 .. DPD'a fa a a11Sar1t;l WS.th l'..lafellew aDd fGUid a alllUarltl bet ... en .. _, and Poe. ADd eftn U the Yerdlot ot oDonope and llaoDaaap tbat Poe, nob Jlenpn, the debtor be pal'tJallf tr.e, lt la oa.paratlYelJ eaa,-to d.eaonetrate tbat Poe etlolpate4 acae ot tbe theM a wb.loh Mupn na to uH. In 1831 two e41tlona ot e Poe' toeu 'Wft8 pub11abe4. At lhat tJbree ot the poeu 1n tbia YOl\11118 aeem tJo baYe reoe1Ye4 tJbe alnoeNat of flatten bJ' Itenpna

PAGE 110

Poe IJtene Paean A fourth, 'lba DoCM4 01,,,. appeared aa 'l'be s.ken OltT' 1n Kangm' a Geren Antholw but wMtber or not Manpn' a poem bad been wr11Jten bet are 18&6 ,wmn the Oe!1!l! Antylog pabliaW, 1a unlalO'IIIle The book 1t7 Baalel Perauac wb1oh U.wR7 publl&ed. !l!! H1bm11! ht 1 wn*=sa1 lltbaqh thea ta-lN ba4 appeaN4 .. peratel7 pftol' to the7 4o not appMr to blft been 1n book _tON 1n Clreat Bntala Ir-l.alld untlll 1887. 'l'hla -.noan intereatl ln hia work 1 Pe1-auaon who adaiNd Lalasfellow' a peoullar nralt1oat1on aDd. .robe to Dootor PanoS.. H. Brown of Ba.tCD aD OOtobe 11 18'7SI I tb4 U..t I bette!-known ln 7a.&r OCN!ltJ7 1JJ ., aqtalb ot 'htr 'f aDd the ropel thiUl bJ tM Wlft c.111hloh I haft beatowct peater application. I oome, da7t to" ftoogn1n4 1n \he gNftJ-an4-to 111 111D4_ ._.... env1able aooS.t7 ot the ,_,.. It 7a.1 are aoqua11lte4 with b. Whittier I woW.4 be slad to haft tl !xpl'!l11oD ot Jq ftlpeOt an4 a4airat10D GOD .,.4 t 0 hla.8 i'!J'SUMD' a adld.N tlOD tOll' Lonstellow t haft been abare4 bJ h1a wUe tw 1n her Stoa Jl lla 1l11b BttK! l!JI. Oegueet, ahe tNUOl'11Mct tnrn'f-ho ftraea ent1 tle4 auhOp SJ.sud. ot

PAGE 111

'78 1 Salten 1'101'4 two. tbe llualolufa .,ale ot '1'a1ft of !. Waxa14t I lim Ino14e11ta11J, tb.la adla1nloll t I.onafellw penlate4 In Irel.aD4 aD4 Ol1er a' .JobD CJopn7, qu"Jaa ..,. IIQaS.olall'a Tale" aa ns.t. .. baa 4eolaft4 a poet ._rt.or to I BrcNlSDa. Beton hl'lllna to ,., writer, Jolm o .. boJQ', 11boee WON waa pqbllab!MI 1J7 BaYe!'t7, lt !HU a4Y1able to laalat that llaDpn m4 Pau haft 'bHD ocaa14ere4 to be tb! heral4a of the Oeltlo rtnala!-t& s. critic said of Jlangan: Aoqua1nted with t:t. paat Jaittor, ot Il'lab ohleta aDd \beir wara, aD4 alae with Oee11o be 4er1Ye4 bca thS.a w114 aouro a thrill ot n.w athulaaa, an4 bepn tblt "'ua to Clael-4 tor lupin tlon wbioh la ao ... ,_. m el.-..11.t 1D. tbe Oelt1o 118 .S.ftl t/1 our own .. ,. .. Uoqht asalll Sato prollliJienot and with aatcmS.h1D& toroe, the h1!ta.1ea1 ballad, and pY! lt I D!W lltte Hla 1ilpulae 4eaon4e4 te Pergu.on,. aDd t osetblr the7 or1g1za ted a new Oeltlo movelilltnt 4 a It wcul4 !!!Ill !GI'NOt to a .a alllllar tlala to. 'fbo ... MOOMJ' and Jobn 0 1Meboft7 .JobD O'llab.oiQ' baa ali-M47 'b!eD Nterre4 to in tM lntro-e dLtotlcm to thla tual A t a441tlonal NMrka b7 Dougl.aa HJ4e .,. be ""rs.-' BJC ha4 a '"17 hJ.ab oplD.lOil ot O'Xahoa:J' tobDlanhlpe 'l'bl fltwt 'YOlume ot Keating ' liator, wa pub1Sal 1n Dub11D '-7 Hall.1day, 1D. 1811, but tbat b.S.lliant J'GIU'8 aoholar 414 not 11n 15o oomplete lt. lohn OtMaba171 ,. hDiaD H OeDtl'!, pablJ.a!184 a aplea 414 tNDala,lon ot t b! whole work tr 'he beat Mss. 1. lAa4J' c. Prsuson, The Stcry A# tbll Ir1h Betcre tbB ecm-0 le6-28Vf"" =--- ... C$!1. pp. 286-227. I Oe It, J. l iaa ckT1llf_ Street, p.la. '" Broollle and 1',1. HolliSton ;I re_aiJU7 ot frlah Poe _tJJ.Px11.i, 6e See PP 61-62. e See _P nY11l. '1. D. A _Literary Hiltorz JL Ip1fn4 BarlS.It Tllllea ro the Pre _eent Day, pp;-JBI:::S5'9,Jioii':

PAGE 112

whiob iD .hla exlle 'o p!'00\1N1 ln Wn tork Dr. !044 zaeru c thia 'ft1lalati1ca w1thatan4ins tbl r.-.apnt M4 ftJ7 llbohleou pol1t1oal op1n1ona 1 Mr. O' hone71 h1a tranalatlon ot X.tSDa 1a a peat SaproYement 'QOil tba 1snarant m4 cllahoaeat one publS..be4 bJ Mite Jleraod oc-.or ore "'-' a oenb17 aco. a toollah n -a or Dat. t..W' a, Who t lUident004 tbat mMt ,...ct.ra ot X..t1ng are k be fOWid uonpt .a u:. wbaa hU on pol.1tloal epWou tl:ala 1IMMHU'117 -.enu4, wr equally AD4 1n a parq:Nph aa tbe b.latOI'J tJt ,. won 'Pe1l1all, IQde aaaerte4 tbat O'Mabori:J aa rea,_.s.ble tor tibe nae ot tba PeniaD S.O\Mrhoo4t BDallah tNUlat1GD of X..t1Dg ...S. 1zl tbe laat MntVJ, bJ Der.t oo-or, a lld u 'Pens. at al11 lntt trualstea .... 4 b7 'Irllh M1llt1a. a ... oRallONn, 1ft 1'1'18, a. be pab-11aba4 hia h1at_,, ... 'o ba-.. ID'lGIIIa be ,.,.. Tba tlnt pen 11bo appeara 'o ba" ue4 lt 1a Mlaa BNon, earl7 1'7VIJ 1n r tNaalatica ot IOM Oaaiall1o pS.oee I t1a4 taw linea a He an. ill rase 'be haJ.u ohlet .AD4 all Penlaa .... I !aYe 'been told that llaopblra ba4 alrea47 ueed wft, bu.t I lane 1eo1Dt4 tlbNuah bla Oaa1all aDd ba'ft Bali lMien abJ. to '' Ball1du lA h1a e41 tloa ot Keatlns1 1D 1808f.talb SA a ot 'hDtea beroea1 It; lobn 0'-"-7 Usa Med-N ot tiM Iftah aepublloa DJ10tml'h00111 a bl'lUlant Ir1ah IObolar aD4 Vualat ot JteatlDs, wu aooeed.ed lD penetiaa tbe ano1ent hUt an! _..,. ohl'lat81l1DI tbe ln ftt '681 t;be t hniaJlle D 1a now appropna 'o 'VD to 'be or1a1a ot t;be PenlaD. Brobmood.. llltarocluoe ,. ...-1aat;10D1 BJ'4e once JDON be Be entl'led Obephr Twnty..Xine of hia LltDD' B1fMFl J!: In!"f Plan O,Olea

PAGE 113

Bd 'be" ,., era OOU4aoNte4 Sa.,_,.. Mllt,.., .--. ._. er hbtor1 peopledby .-. OlluU,eN, ID wlaUh U. hCNaebol4 ot ehlel talu ad ._. nen ot Mw oh1.ra thaaelfta clellcbM4 '!blae aN plo-.4 1ft tbe I'OMiftM8 tblt Wft wow. aNWid. Otrm ot Blai4Ncl b.la aoe An tM Lanel7, bla gaDdaon aor.o o An, aal bla .... ,. gran4aon CairbN ot LS.rtJ 'fbla 07ele ot rmsaee le the 'Plul' c,.le, t.aUaa .... utt with Pllm 11 aa4 hla PeDlaa 11111,1a, or the 'OaaS..S.' O,.le a1noe Oealall, P!Dil'a u nppa.e4 baw .._ tbe aubor ot D7 til tiM POIU wbloh belona to li.l t.rbe nuolau til \be -.-tsat101l Whleh 0' .. "-7 na to oaU tM wu alfta47 1ft alat .... wt.n Baftft7 publlablf. 'IWI baalatloa or EN'iJlc Sa 111'1. liMn 'be OJ'iMaa war be-la laM, NYolutl-.rt..ea, MelllDs _be .. ot atDA utftedts tOIMd ,. hbGilDII -., ..,.., Aaaoalatloaa .,. 1..a. ot 'hill -,.,s.. laol'M11q J'ola :-4 ,;; npreaentatl ot ala 1ft Waallinctan aa4 ... YOI'1r1 and. bad ao aatlatS.4 tbe gentle ta ot 'ba power ot '!Mt Irlah elent Sa lrloa that tbt canaul ba14 _, ,. atl'CI'lrt kopea for tbelr obtaln!Ds trca bla ......... Al 'ba MMI'lal a14 tbey "qulNct-.._l:J,1 tlw anna ol tl,tlng caat an a us-41t10ft Iftla_.. All ..ua..,., Joeeph Dealette, na ._, ..P.iM bNDObla SA INlaD&t. Dent.tt haa how be MOlw4 hS.a eN6Nlt1ala n-ca Jola 0' .. pNMa,, alae J- Roohe, totMr e4Bo:r ot 'bt X1U.DD7 JOUJUle I aW ._, tiM _. &ate I llDDGUOe 'o _, Men4a I _..,_,.. u tba tt..e 'be7 eapeete4 o _,. em Ialan4.

PAGE 114

'71 Ycaa ..,. tbla, the the ttM wW be 1D lepta ....... baft' 'hauMrld. n fta47 n -.4 all w aee4 l.a ... 71 tm4 arraas- aft Iller "*7 to JNYI4a it. TM llua1aD al4 tailed to terlaliM aDd la 18M o.s.-n War -.d.ecle Tbe -t; MOIUU -.t Aaaoela11101l tbUnpca WI dlaaolwd ezoep' t atad.IDI e..t.ttee _,_.red to rntft l.t 1ilbeneftl' ..... 1oD Jdcht ft'IU.t '1"ba hiatua bet ... n 1aae ad 1868 1a aooowne4 tw tol I 1 '-7 HONtai'J, Mleblel Caaogh: After an ldft'N ... ot two J't u .,.,._.Mhtul patr1ota1 .. wlnf 'ba' -. tS... W a..S.Ye4 ,_ renewins tba pftJMINt oaa fer an Ir1ah "YolutS.0.17 aono-DMd 'be t .. tlGD ot a MW .-wtl, wbloh tint 4ealpatect 'b8 Iriah Rn'elll,lGMI'J BN_.rhoe41 ba wb1oh ... t ... I'Maona, abMcnaelltlJ t tha ot tbl PSan hoocS.f !hewwpon e4 ...rote to J- atl*l on behaU ot tbe ptCilp .._.,lna that he atMIIpt to OJtpa.lae a pan llal l'nOlla,l_., 'bolr ill IN1allle lteplleu, wbo bad -D & t1cm Ill '"' apee4 'o k tt. ettOJit tw thJtM !a1DIIre4 AooarlllqlJ', on at. Patriek'a Da71 18&81 'be oalle4 a tlaa ot e .,_.tb.lr 1D DabllDa 'l'hat .-..alq, llaroh 1818, 'be Irlah Rewolla,l01\U7 BI'RbiJihOOd br i.Jlto ealn.aoa 'l'bt tON ot th or hat wblob ada1n1atered. aDd 1fhioh X.r ciN.fted, taU...a '%1 Aele, SA 'be ;preanoe ot Al1d.pt7 Clod,

PAGE 115

80 4o ,_17 -r allaslane to t5be Iftah llepubllo, now Yll'tuall7 eatabl18be4, aad thatJ I wlU clo _, F1 ut110et 1 ., OftrJ r1alc while llh lana 'o doted ltJa 1Dd.e,..,..ooe anc1 ill _., tlllalq, I will JSAtl4 Japl1o1t Medleaoo la all th1Dga, DOt ' tJhe law t4 Oo5, ilo ilhe o n4a ol rq pert.or ottloer a So belP Oede AMa. atepbaa ba4 bMil appeJate4 Oblot DUM' ol tM Il'lah -sal 1 utlon 1t7 IIDd n. Pou.t.aa a a auoMaaf\&1 NnaltJI.q '"' 'lll'aqh IN1D4, bJ te Bat.aa ....u...t -th1rti-t1ve thouaan4 -;c ltJepbeu -io AMrU. Sa 'bl tal ot 1868, to rep pro. peaa, aa4 aolJ.alt __.. pMNUa nba14lea 'haD 1 ba4 NM1Ye4 hta A' a tins ,,.. tJts.n4a of X..la4 at Ta I 7 Ball, ... Yon, tbe of a tu4 _. SDR ... t .. 8114 at tbe s-queat ot Stepheu, O'llabela7 ONe ted Bea4 Oentre. After 'be ""lutJlcaarJ onnt ba4 lMon wooeeala ... lt ecmtlmw4 grow 111lt11 18A Wben 1' apllt I ln\o two fao,lcaae Pl'lor to. 'lw aplltJ l'a powtlh W beOil OD-oourapcl b7 'be nalte .r IO'NNl lMMra ot Irlah bftDOI:l ot tbl bJ a Dn17 'bllalllcl nnapapor, "r tbl lllpNaat.w ob .. qut.H ot ,_. ... BeU.w .. olluua u4 b7 \he Ol war 1n. tb8 Ual'o4 ltaaa. J.a. or.ea.,. na UwtlJt' _,__.., ' follow IMpblu to -.rS.oae Be ... lftd 1a low Yollll MJ'l7 in .. .,, 18111 aD4 pootod '-7 t.ohael DDil7 aDd tbl bnaa baD4 ot tbe "tuaoaa a Ross-at. O'LMJ7 oeM1ft4 ,. u'aoet e4111nt1011 t 1 ...

PAGE 116

81 o'-'1 bl s-al,,_. latr ...e et a Bo. 1 ot.aUall. after pNlataa 'be aoholaftahip ot ollah.,- ot EeetSac, -117 renrn4 or.u, oet1Jmeda 11 be JI:Mw Ir1h wll, bl liMw INlu4 "''-_ a4 bw with a lAIN ,._, hw baft ner ... uea, l 4ala.,_ wbetbiJ' _, baw oYer .......-. P ber UftdJ and r.. lt M M baw 41e4J tb0'18h aM SaM been-- -.e oattold, or hi WCNl4 baYe wlllbt4 t1el4.1 a ID lew Yk 0'*17 alao oao 'o a Meqber ad 111'ehl11 and t.lped tao tOUIIII Qgtpy. 'hi ftnt hnlaa z ,.oll 11 .... '" .u.. --' at jov.malla, aDd bd;;& ., tu.t ''...-to .. t; 117 before tbe pablio at all, wt.h U. exoptlOil et aon written to 'bl -..... D -elabt ,. bet aN 'fbe WJlhft I .,,_.,. .. 1n the ahape o1 a a lt11 weklf uwpape oaUi4 ua. ao ao d.cNbt, after 'hi ao-4a1W PliOen n ot IIID'bel'a' l'll .. ,. ...._ or.e.., ....... ..... Ill -tS. wttb. h1l lllpNula el Mll'l, lt 1a SpStlMJlt to obHrn tbat be found PenS.at. 1M a 1JGII1clal ola IIOMMDt 1 I haw -.a u.taJAa or llbSDs ot -.rloa uw w'hat o be aMD I.D aiMI about In YariCJ 11,tle bat .. 1M tben " aaaaa tbe IftahJ u4 ll,,le 'be' to be Mn own --a tbl Mah except 'baH ot tbe ..otkla8 ola et wboa a1oae the hll1arl boOT 'MD OCIQC)eecteO tt. QO!n'l e4Dect '-' .r- Roobll aD4 p&bll.W lJJ ratrlek on. who ba 1HMa 4N..S.be4 .. ot beat Irlab aoholaH lD AMrloa. wn.n o LM17 IG.e4 tor JIQr, lt 1. or.a..,, .f.! W. Yol. 1, PP 108-101. 1: 101. a. J u.a. le a '68 -.. lr1th llarob IS, 18'18, P a.

PAGE 117

IIOIW7 tor tbe Palr Trial PDct to Mlp oDoaOftll Roaaa and othw lllprla..,_ -'bera of 'be lholm1a &la'J ot 1 SklbbeN ot lta bl'let hilt_,. o Lee.,-baa wrlttezu a.. few....,. ot tb1a papr I Ntur.D to Perla, 1114 I belle lt 4Nae4 on a PftOU1oua e&lahnoe tor wal aD4 I ....,. 'o :t.ar that lJl lta lat;er atage lt bad 4egeDarat into a blltll7 apat-lall, aeai.albbon ao--' ot publloatlon, belDg alioptber 1411114 Leaguerlah, ao M117 etber tblnga an4 n Nell, 1-a before 'bll r..Dd X..pe. Ita laat Saptant ettt to enOOUNI tbll '"upoftatlon to INlaDd f1lt Uw ltod7 f/1 a YOQD& IJtelw, TeNDO Bellew I Maollanua, eo t. 4ie4 ill San Pa1111laoo. 'lht Sllpnaalw obMquS.a tor !'eraae BeUn Kaollanu WH the work ot tbe PeD.lD a.o.mrhoed. la lfew Yon, UohblabOp H\lS)Jaa 1ntoae4 no-aa Praaou ... pr, ohalr.D fJ/1 the oo.dttM SA obal'p ot nas-- U.t -.nte4 DO -nt aooS.tlea to eter t:t. O.tbldftl lA 'belr replt.aa tfbat BS. Oraoe 414 aot lD'ea4 thla bMs-dJetl 'o appl.7 to mil.ltaey -..a'll'loa ot \he hnllla an.biJbocd e-.S4eDM4 b7 the tan en the OMaa1 lD qUia tl the 0\18I'Cl et Haor Oh eaoertaed 'he .... Jaa lnt;o OatUdftl, ..:&4 " ... lewd pea 111 e1thar at..de ot tba bier Mte4 fr.a tM 'Phoenix z ......... 'l'be bo47 aoocapeale4 -,. ,bb',7h'o paU.-aNra aoraaa tl Atlantlo awaOQ& 1lbca wre Oa..P, and. Colel 111obu1 a DobenJ U..wr, 1Jl .,lte ot IIDnora wUah whS8h lt N oe1Ye4, whiob 1Doludecl a poea b7 Oearp Stser Oft TM Bxlle'

PAGE 118

1 Jletu., tu Rn Catho11o ANhblahop ot Dablill WO\ll4 not 8 pwlllt lt to be plaM4 SA U7 ot tM aetHPollYD ebarobla Tbent .. whUe .. s.ttas the tutnl, MaoMamaa' boiJ 1Q 1a atate 1D tM lleobanto'. ID.atltde Wb!oh 1D later rn to a beoo tM f/1 t Al*q "-'" I' wul4 be ovlfta to mew 1t thee aiQ' a .. oola tl betwea thla ad tbll aneodc-'e . t wbloh Y .. ,. told abt J&ao-.ua lD hla .A'Sto:blogphy. 'lbt OlU War ill the thll'ecl 8ta brob aa.t la tS.. to pre"'* hoa ... ......,snc JleoMDUa t bo&l7 to INlaDA. The war llllpe4 the powth et the J'enlaD Brftbelboocl, bonwr, b7 llrl.qlng aur Ir1ab...._r1oaa tOidblr add tara 'l'o tab 'ftntot thla e1twat 1011 ... per Ol'fPIIaS.S ld.a Mall BrtpA I tor ,_..loe lD tlw ONJtd ot the lloe ben thla Irlah Brlpd.e be OGDI1dere4 an el a141q a Oe1t10 reaala " Por ' .aw naetl or lobra o .. s.t a4GJ'*ed an ao1ent Oello aotto tr. tha lrS..b of 'J:w Pen1aD poet Oaa1an (OUiJa) I 'Blah ur t.bftid lalm&1 l.'hftr JldNat r... the olaah ol ,,...,,, I'M orldMl 14ea tw. 11hleh thla pbNH .S.M.ftd 1a _.ad.l.e4 Ia a :ua ot a poea to OS.ata, titled the 'Aaallubl t ( 1A DS..lape llet'IIMll 01alll aDA It ''uk.> 'I'M 8alllt haIDf aaMftecl that all the baJida old aaao-olat .. nn In be 1, ... _. til U..lr a.beU.t ill tbl tJIUe Oe41 tbl 1nore4ulou ol4 Papn Ntofte4a re P1-.n JIM Loin with , ('r.o 1lbo ne 'r ah\Uined tbl o1aah ot apeanJ) Desplte thJ bella ani \11M 1 We 14 boJ4 C.N la'aD 4lneeNe t

PAGE 119

a It la wcwtll while to tNulat101l wlth Yh' parapbraae ot the aame 11M 1n n. Wand.eJtt.nca ot Olema 01.11!. Put tbe atatt 1n ., ban4aJ tcrr I so 'o the PenlaJle, Ocllrio, 'o oha.Dt n. r-ae11p tbat I'OUM 'Ma ot Ol4J 'heJ will seiae, ..ts.aa olOQb with tbel.Jt b ... th, Sna1Da, aaal1iantJ tbe ola7 UDtterneath tbe aball pant f And de11011a be '-n'1111 Ill pleNa, aDd t;reaple4 M neath tbe 1n ... ,he .ADc1 4emona atra14 ln tbelr deep horror or .,. e4 ot wift& 1 AtNl4, 'bell' Mre on --rth la14, aball ll.ten and 1'1M up .US PJ BMlftc t!w aheklq ot ah1al4a an4 the quS.'Mr ot atretlbe4 bowt*seln&a, HearSns Bell loud with a llllNilr, ahOQtlDs an4 aoo1dac we aweep. will tar oat tbe tl..S.aa atone a, a4 batter the pt._,. ot bJ'aaa And , aD4 ncme .. ,.tah 'o 1rMn .there tera the cmal.J .rme4 peat J Make olean a 'broca ol .. na 1 IID4 roh Oft oxen mon ner 70QD8 sra J 'l'bltn r ... ,, k!Da oorwerae ot :r1 aDd of old wowda and tum tio CIQl' reat; .1 In 1sea ad 18M 'l'bcllaa Olalke IA:tb71 oDcOftn Rolan, Obarlea K.iokaa aDd. J-a Stepbn.a Ylaltecl ArS.oa aa ..Uaarlea tM Iriah cwpn1'1 lD !few YOI1c laal17 t tbe axtre-8 or41D raca o X..17 wboH reaaon tor abaDicmlng hla bepe tl-1 niUie 1 Pt;J'1olr, baa bHJa tol4 'bJ Jobrl DeYOJ 1n a paaHp whioh ahGIUl4 be oo.paN4 with what baa jlln been wrltlten about the Irlah Bl'ip4e 1 He hate4 R* aDd. Bb&la4 wlt;h ecpal 1ntena1ty, aDd h1a fl'lMJI DRlGil a ,., after dltlYing GQt t;)le B!l811ah1 lrelan4 abCNld Ntuftl '-'be o14 PagaD1 Beeeeftl aloqttfllt; lll ext;olllng t;J auperlorit7 ot 'l'lr-na-nOg or t be CbrS.. tim HeaYen.

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In Tiz--uOS ncn OD17 wre tbe o14 OeelS.O aporte ous-1ect em and tiM bel'" ID4 &004 -..s.na na11 able bu.tl the oa.paaJ ot t! be' J'lOIUl o0umba11, oaa.t.aa, o ... Oo11 .... _...., D1as.t14 Ua Dalb!IM aD4 tm Nat ot u. PeDS.u beraea aDd the bentlitul women tM7 fOlDs!* abwt wn all an4 bl bad =t hMt all teuD4 tbelr 'o Tir-Da-coa 'Tbt Papn' had bla t:'loular ptlnDee agalnat at. raJ'lu, whloh 4rop 'be .... Be ola1ml4 'lla' tM:s Atl.e ot IrelaJ&d lud dbonl1sed tit. Iriah b7 teao Uuta 'o l't'e 'bail' eneatea. AnJ .n who 414 tba a p oltroca. a UD 11atet.ng tlo tM 41alosu betwen OaSan, baolc '*'-'l'tr-n.-nOg, aad "' Patr1ok. Aa lmOifledge ot that at.., o all ewer Munatser w:t.l 1Tba Pagan' Ja.mth be 1* _._ beard it reo1te4 aDd lt had b1a . I DuS.Ds bla .t.alt X."J ocwued at leaatl e.ooo .U.a 1 u4 tlMI bats:t. 1n 1lbt OOJIPIII1 fit JCibD tl'lp wbioh Hlld.a4e4 Jolm o Lea17 ot HanSat BeeoMr a,.... Rewa iDs to lnlaad., 1Alb7 beo-with a Welab jCNrnallat whloh le4 Jam oJ.ea17 wtwn na wrl'ial bla !Jo!lleow to obMrna 'I'M aenae raolal ao1S4elt7 wa, I OSak, alnr oona1&W.fble ll BSf''ndeN 81111 lriii!JMD1 bQ not an4 1aa, 1.u'PaM!l4, bowewr1 tbll t .. linl la INWizll U4 I ft17 atr0ft817 ar opia10D ':a.t *oill4 4o all tbat lua la OUl' power to briDa ournlwa lao 'GUOb. wS.'h CIQJI Oel'lo bNtbNn aU the worl4 owr' Roeaa' a 111aa1 to nooe..S.4 tbat ot IU7. It at 'hi aoo...,.na 'o .... tbat Meapr toalr t:t. PenS.. h tr. JobD Po11ewlna Roen, lll 18111 Cblrlea Uokbn Y1dte4 AMrloa JWOT u4, alao 'oreport; tor 'be reoent117 eatabls..hM Dublin I&fb Peoplt tbe pro-

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86 oMtSnaa et u. tS.n la'lODal Goapeaa ot .-Penlu Brotblutbood. xa d bla .-vSIN'l h li& Ptoplt, nol&Ma told ot '1 OD t.he r-11r ot tbe la\e Colel nctaewJ 1D Bl'oo'kll.JD Daat!aa tbe Y1al' n...,..,, pa-. '!'be x rs.u PHD' 011'1 ... .eut101l ... Kiea at onoe Jlked tbat; her papa bad tlw ..,.. oop1ed. into azul t;akSac \\P a lup bOIDld Vol-u..'M .. 1aulw -t17 ........ "' tSJMI I ... 4 tbl peUoattOD or 11h1eh dlaoontimae4 a r G Ieath ot Dr. cue, baa ..._ ... dYed 11DdU' \he ed.l..aip ot Di' a.ps... lte tll'a\ JNIIIItv .. avan the tollowSDs I The 11b1eh ,...,adect an Irlah dlt1o ot LcmateUow. baa b .. a oriU.elaeC '-7 a. r .. ta t lta laok ot a , ...,._1_ 1 oa1 la &lao a to.aeb ot aetm.tal1'7 1fb1eh h(lleeta Whl"lv a aknsa or no--. po-. w1l1 reYeala Ah..t... ':'. ol4. UM1 lln18h .. nou, nu.a --ar h-.r' bu 8J1CND ,_ tlwJ helpl tau, 4h!' IMlaDI, AD4 ot Ye' will 110lti'-WIMD by A.nne,la dde I atM7. PW u. l.1l7 ot tM -td.n toot, lfba' th taJt . P'ne117 J B'e.;blba, h!l!aelt N---4 \o at\eDd the P lara Pall' at Obloap 1D UM, leaYlaa O'l'AAI7 IA*7 and nokbua 1D I U...se fd the Irllh orpalllatl dul'lD& hU abaeM.

PAGE 122

av Iil 1.881 'M ._.loan Peal .. bl14 '-enlaa.. !bit 1 .. ru.r en4 fll 'lw 01Y11 war. Tbt 1a'r aaaabled ill J'biladelplda to OG181der --an.n1 ot SNatl LU DN ot AJ.r1o P-.laa who lad &CM to Irellad after ,. War and ot I the PPI'"Iioft f1l .I&1!1 l!IRlt bJ' Dablh Oaat:A.e lD opmlna 'hi la'r oonwn'* o.._.,. oalW c.1 be &4 UJ.II'beae to CDe 1Mocae .,. flit Irelan&' RSIIl .. tloa ...... Ill U. ballda f/1 the Pen.S.aa Bl'ftbemood aD4 1ta aUJea al.aJ' ou-Pla S, adeptecl at Chi o.go, la 1811, ' r til'n n. dJat ..t aboOlc Can blan an -lre 1U. a rook. In epl'-ot tdft tl BNtberhood apllt s.mo 'be Irlah ot 1lhMh 1w na alld Whleh ta.....,.. 'bl polf..o7 or waltllll ':.. rldna 1ft X..lallll, an4 tbe s.na wlllct wh1oh pNt.NC an Swa4Sate at1Jeo1r on aac!a 'be neaNet ,_.1 ot 5be Bl'l,lllh Blplft 8ftCt wbJ.oh waa then.t.. oalled I o ... cU.aa '-'7 Oulou.al7 --.&h, lt aPI'tan ,., at a'bad thla s- PetWau tllw' mown u the Z.lah Repu'b11 .. n a.btrhoOI'lt S.Jie are fAllt7' reba 'ba .Ur baD4 lt u a taot atiii iner aPNeta ill 1811, tbll """ie Iftah llepub 110an BJ'Othel'hooll' ( IeRel ) beoa a blatOJi.o JMlltJ 1 ao to apeelc, 1n AMI'leae Zola 1. n. 'iao'' llM'1)M5lM It Ill !alh Jourpellat. P a. Did 15o .a. J. ed. Heroes a.ng Jla.:rt., PP 64-67. J lluthtirx-orct, Driltf! H&aQfx it bateD Owp&ng, ft1. a, PP a. sa,..., Ill PP e&-aa.

PAGE 123

88 !be Opf!4pn renx Beton ocmolu41fta Ulla 41aouaalon ot 'ba d.ew10J ot tile pbploal toroe mo.._.nt 1a a.l"loa be.__ lae8 a4 18'70, a few WOI'4a abcQ.11 aeb ot taetlou into wbleb PenlaD Brotbeltlood M4 ql1' &4 aam. -.ntl ot atteapta 'o ... UDlt ws.u be . 'I'M Cua41an w1Da ta 1no aet10D J'lme 1, 18M, wMn 't. t1z-at Inah toroe 'o tbl 1D1t1ala I.a.A. (Inah llepub-1 lloan AIIIJ') lmaMcl Oaada ud.er 'lW --or O..nl Jobr& oJelll. After a at ll14-7 O..U'lo, olelll' JIIIJ I n toe4 'o ntum 'o United a'' 1 npe.S.ow-OM other aSmtlar P' ., be -.nt1cme4. In 18'10, apia \l.ltMr tme ot oJe1U, ,. o ... dlaD wiDI ... twoea at Albana, VeN.Oat. 'fbe bHcpa' f1ao Npwted to the Boatou. ,lllo) 'b7 an Irlah Plan who ba4 jut J84 tJ'Oia peul H"ltnut. ill Autw.lla, Joba BoJle o .. 'rlfte lltNI'J who were aaaoela'ect with the OaDII41an

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88 w1Ds abcRll4 lM nt 1-.&. BN' wa KlObM1 Soanlan llh 1 J'obll :DIYOJ eal.W lhfbe '"' r.n..a' ot ,_r10111l J'ealaaiaa" 8 lteoau .. ot hla .._, -r Perdu ..... a. a _.._, ot lneh -..... fltcia be tNUlahcl MWNl p-.a lD'o I Buallih wrae, an4 ecUtar or Dl!. Xrleh !tnNif 1dd.eh, liD Inllh..,.lop, m CJI'SIIl ot tbe OanacU.aD. ,..,.. A aeoond 11tNI7 ftCQft J- G1bbtlul, a -to-4o Pblladelphla JIIIS.. Bla pawl._, the r.._. orltJ.o, J- OlbbGna am.ar, ill h1a cteeors.w a ot Yene I b7 h1a .,.....uatber an4 ot Glbbanat apooJ.atreat I reoall oenala lema .--r attemoOft tbe babble ol n' a Y01Ha .l tlll olaar 81loke, aDd tbe ollnklng et sla ,.._ .raSaa pow-wow Ml4 1ft ou.r 41n1n8-ro.- Aa to Ule nl141t ot tbe oauae I _,. .. 7 nothing. Blat tm patr1otio motlfta ot h n aa J ClS.bbona, Patr10k J lleebaa (Mit or ot !!!!. I!@ AMi!? Jabn os.U, all4 ll7 otbelta, no em. oou pugn.e l1'NI7 .an to be .. ,1_. a MI'M!Jl oourou who 'be l*l na, Solan DOh. Ia hia newel R141!Wl O'OU'Nll' a lntenat ill Irlab utlqu1tlea le4 h1a oM pcat.Jd to ln'erNP' the naft'e,l'Ye 'o laMn a 411141\llaltS.C. on the 01'1SlD and appopftaMalaa f1t ,_ na. 1 alfttd,-ebMI'ft4 the' .. ot 'hl u. na j\\41o1oua la .... tblll oaa Nlatl.oa. lD tha tint place, 1' tar re.oft4 that ot arq ot

PAGE 125

Dl Ih '"'' n. blat017 ot Iriah Pan., oo.-s. ..s. leas ane:r tl pel'lo4 ......... ,.....,t... .. ........ a.tl _., .... -"-ot vari.oa Sneldt wb.lob be aaaoeiated with tint tift ot ita :a.._.. Jotm ob.,-, U twa e4t.W .u I Jew York !ri. lMRl! fNa 1818 to 18ft whloh GaM ao MlDs when tba Dubllll Irilh ltgplt nppNaaed aD4 whS.Oh o.ne4 I 'b7 a oaud.n 011 Obarle U.kbaae t wa.n' 1 aux1llaJ17 011 t!:ae .Pelan Brothrhood .. to s-eS.4 loJal 'o Ill .. b" a enian autelbo04, WhSeh tu tlrat tlo pnS. w_.n a large 1oale ter poUtleal purpoeea lD 'he h1et.-, ot U. WOI'ld %a lftl..a .. ao replar ..... 1 ol r.s.aa ... a, wt a larp m a ot ......,.. &4 .... ,._ oblet agatJa in aepln8 U. or ltlon au .. ill !Hlan4 tr tl tl1te tlbat Stepbtu ].jn foro A -r1oa rl.J s.a 1886 UDtll -. RS..laa or-roh o, 188'1.' m.n IMpbeu applate4 ot.._. 1n 1aee, M tnenct a DeW 4epaJitaN.

PAGE 126

81 J- Stephena whUe a "hpe 1Jl Pari a b.t toqaht at tbe barr1oll4ea ill tlbe Ned nat.tenoe to Lode Wapolacra'a .!mm in 1811, u4 e1alM4 tbat be an enriill"e4 er ot 'be or eaniat Part7 .1 Altboqb W NMlDM CIQle' abolat h1a Oa ml the PlN' ba4 Ulceo OOUideNble lDMftat ill tile &lab N.OluU.OMftu t ... tbl 9fW7 ftftt x...-s..al .,,.,.17 '* the pan tbe D-S.ah, deaplh tbe oal..,t..a wltb wbloh ,. Pen1ana ... aaaalle4 bJ tbe lzlll18h rs.aa., u4 en b7 HOtlou ot 'be uNl. PNaa 'be o-.. tJ.Dn.: n.n oDcmOYan. Boa aD4 tbl otber Uorlal wOI'Jien ot tlw 'Hlt "" ai'Nne4 tbe OOWMall at anee iiic!"'i"iro\i arl .. 4 aU lta t1ou ' orgmlae proteatae O'DanoYan Roaaa at GDOe wrne to the Intematlonal tso .. r. tlWtr aotln,s..a.l 0--qut-, ill ._l'lea aepbmla tD4orM4 IntematlGMla The Int;ez. t1onal 1 both la Enlan4 aD4 N 1M4 large twl4a tor the nS.a prleGMr aD4 taw.t a 1al awe-1 tlo lrtah warldns-wcaen to Mn4 1\mds to the 1b lll al4 til J111HMNe lin. o Daiiovan fioasab. ... ,..,_, ot Relief Oc.a.itMe 111 J)Qblla1 while abeeta wen ant 'Qidan bnDehea au Olfer Englan4.s a u. t Clutne Pl Cl.ueNt. haoh c WJnlat, &Dlt elllla'-4 hla bell 8D4 _. allo to bii'Ye 1m.-tM ... neh ""olu.tlaaiatl, Reolwle Oil Oetlb ., 11111 Btepbaa p..S.M an la ..... tS.. ., lD INlaid bJ J_.17 fiN' to an nclieDM 1D 11n Y.-k. 1IMn atepblu ddea17 obanp4 ht.a llbd, be na .. pONd ill ra 1. '-117 alao ad:a1N4 tM Ptr' Iatemat lcmal an4 1ll a let,er \o the Pula Wl!!rM cteoltaftdt

PAGE 127

S.Z.orlbed. la Mlkl upon proolaatl tlw aentm oe L ala at tOUbldlng a n.pa.bl1c baeed Gn uni.,.raal wtcrap 1 wh1oh a hall aeoure to aU the 1ntr1na1o .Uu ot tbe1r 'l'be national o111 tbe ab.Ut1oa f/1 .. lart. Republ1oan tON beae4 tmiYenal IQ.ttftp1 .uh 1a wbat 1a 4ea1re4 "J tbl IHlaal II 1.81'1 resenenMd 1:q 'hi ata,ot 1ta ezllea Ill aOC CDe wauld Ule &127 other language tbla tibat wld.ell I u o 70Q ' thla aOMnt 1n their nee aft4 1ll 'm net aU proletaarlan IrelaD4.1 Jtell7 n 11n Yell r.. IN1u4 Sa J_.,, 181'1. AlloD8 la... ...,.r fJI IrS.ah--.n.ouaa who retUJDe4 to IN1e4 at aboat tbl .-. ,,._ 'l'ba Praaola Bcau'ke be alDaW eat ,.,. -.. llJce ollalaoar, Dl IrSah .._..n,s.. lll the JPen.laD .,...... ll1 'hla apt..1' he w:rc:*e to a fJ'leDd GD tbl ew of hll ..,..-.. I Yoa maw, wll I d.o1 'he' --al7 MPI et IN la'Dda N tlon Neta ft'll 'he blah .. ,loa Ia -.no a t and 7 JrA 'bat tbat ... ul baa thl WS.U ,,_ p ... r to..-X..l.a4'a tN._ a .. .,. ta1nt7 A. Gft.ftlla ba4 ...... 4e4 X.117 1D oUrp in tbl United StaMie Wben ana ot t&be ta1lue U. 11.a1na JMbllaW, ref\&N4 o beU.w lt, napeotSq Bncliah Maaor-1 alai Mod.llwll'1 tlw ._., ..,.. outtlttect ' amaa troia At.l'1oa lato lftlaa&. lJpaft Ntul'n ot thS. wa Ml on...,_, 1, lSIVe aftel' an edhl but 41aaJPOlDUBC OJaP 'M ot the tall:aft ot ,. r1ai11c o.rs.r.._ 'fbe ts.fth aD4 la' lecltr flit 'be IJ-lah Pan, 'o be n le 1. aa-.., !r.'P SUM l.al !!DR'' PP l'lt-,'11. ... pf). 87 .. .... laa-1S6. 0 ' . omt'!f 9! .... Bon ....... !!_ tn pp. le l>6YOJ 1 !R W., P Is&. e. o 11l1ana, D. o11h 1 P '. '1, lJd4 P SJ"; .

PAGE 128

t;S.eae4 lola aa-.. 'llbD el.Mt;e4 ooe14 Oftftta later 1 ill .kletat, 1841'F. .. .... waa .. nld.aa ot a poet h1at aa4 wt.tlllap or, .. otbN' lftlb '-'7 I7111Jawal..,..., be 41aouaect a --" with b1e a ... a ...-, ..... ....... ...S. 'tllbat na Jl'llllit.l,' hU .,...._, edrtJnatle to 'he hD18Jl aour satl llu.tl ..Slt f/1 Pe?p Btml IBtl !N$JEI whleh a ..nub:Ja u.-s. .. ., t4 f/6 ... ,. Ill h1e .,..,. ........ upJalaelll bew --1NMII alP' ,_ ue4 I tbe 111.8,..,. fill ... Iftlb ..... Ja.. ftleft t.U... -aooCN!d et X.lall ,.,.bll.tu atS..M t'Na l'rN tlo l8e8 Dl an la7 Gil ..,. AlloS..tl ..... fte fill 'bSa eaaaJ' "''M AMS..d Plaa .. NIIl'l.oll ., ......... ,.. '1'111 authOrS.ttea ue4 Ia tlW o 1lat101l ot tbt.a o!lepter u. Di' Jola O'DcmOYan* '1'ran1lattcm. et -'1 laJ Owen o.,.llan tl Philip -.el. "& O'Jiahonr' TNUl.i,lGD f/4 KeatS. .Y., l.8e '!'be ...,. ltltaaa wt.'h .. ,__.. ..,_,.1 pa'bllo iaMNatl iD ort.cm, allll epJIIOPilt.a.._.. et .. ,t.patua . Pes.. D pl'l ,, .. Ill ....... f/1 tlbl halan J1o4 w1th pbltle ... laD. a..heltloM 1' ... ., tiw IIOd "-tale. all4 ID. tlbl ,. .... ot aM lata belaal. I I\ ..... U.. M ._ hu llalhN I

PAGE 129

The 1' .. ll8d bJ X.ieh 11l'1tera P'tlr 'tpan (the l'tlli .. ot Inlm4)1 an .mt.loned 1ii loa Maaten, ..._*' tltle ot ..... or Peine aoat w14el7 aeoepted explanatlcm .t tbl 1a t!at the PiaDne re oallacl aft PIDn lla.a.bal tbllr IN-' J..a .. ,.. tzh1e P1nn 11 tM biN ot Jlaolbenan'e Oaas.u, a4 la ,.,.. oall84 Pbpl. 1 A ourl oua appeal tor .r the Oaelanlo Soelot7 eD4e4 1,, 'tld.a eooitt7 ..... ,.. ita ..-.ra WI'J wl1 ea. ft1'7 lop ICtllriDJ aD4 it la aoj a -1lttle Jlka'ble, 'bat While ._,. aN at6tlou1J ... plc.,ect 1n 41aent lng tr.: tbt ot the hie t017 llteratur., bNftr7 aa4 ge1laDt17 ee tlder r.1aa perlodJ the Gowernamt are a laaa bwa111 ... plopd 1n oona1FlDS to tbt t.'h ot 4ullsau aDd tbl obaourlty ot ael'Yitude 1 11M aapift4 1ao bring a 11 aeul lnto lftla11111, mae tba aplrlt Ot the old Mtl-.1. pJid., In aNa,lon ot the Pealall Brotberhood. Tba Oeaianio lodo'J OQ8lS to ' __....., 1a tbeS.Z. e.ttorta to lllulnate tba Penlan bJatflrt ot IN l&D4.1 The ho to be MDtla.4 lD OODDIOUOD dh Bayqe I wn JUol:ael Oaftraap and BoMI't nw,.r lo.,... OaftMih tor 'be 1n Yoatr nl4 To ,.llodloel ba ooatl'l'bute4 en.al oftci.Ml Il'llb at.tohea al\4 tale eome tNDalatlou r... O..Uo poeti'J (wld.Oh t _..,loa ot ealMnt lJtlah aobolara), 11114 an -daaal Jna11-.h ._ ca ... Irlah aubJeot. Be 1 ......... w with tM Otlt11 Ul4 l' S.a tld.l per1ocU.oal that r p on ot hla =w '''-:l. or1g1 u4 tl'Clalat eel, appeal'e4J t .aDJ ot beat BDcUah pa-wee pa1a11aW 1n 1dw hftcm P&lgt.' JOJH C&' t11011 IrelaD4 o Boa011 ill 1814 and beoee a no oeaatul pJqaieJa. In 1888 h1a tta!l?. !Ja wan Ja lnlapl

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appeaNd.. Da tora aa.wbat rNe.bled !Wttmtrp 111M' lg)mNe tllfhJS'tMn blatetl ..S.-blati.S...l ....... tell. 1t7 ...._17 coed ,,_,.au.., wlUl pleat7 .r 1 oe101U' and .. lt;iag 1De1claat aa4 wit bolt le81Saa ...u.t. ,,.._, 1t !Ill !M. fpll$ 'rwo .,..,,. ,. hMl .,Ut .. with talluN. 18t'1. wt.l lawp eleeted. head. of tbe Irlah wlJac, tht .- 'ha4 'bMa otterect 'o lebD Mlteb.el 111bo bad nat.r.-tbl s-1ts.oa . at abcna 'be''--et tbe a..us.a aD4 beaoe PNn.4 tebaft oa'lt14enee fill bh wi .. a. lttbal 1 a Npatat1ab a Nbel bad tact.4 amoe 1M&, m4 an -.atbolt bl bad tCNDA pa'D-11aber n" tw tbl wortu ba' Alao t01r I h1a M=p1f it Dzz D!yJp Bt1QI Oil tba ot tM Ol.t.l War lllMMl beoe laftlY-' Ia a p1GtJ with LcNla lapele wbioh -. 4etea.4 bJ R-Oatllollo AN*labOp ot DU111U Ill Ule JMr l.BeO tl late Lou1a Emeror ot \be Be hl4 ._. cUa:pUH with BDgldl o-Wnia& latew.t1 aul oc:..re1al \aJ-ltta. 'l'bt 41apa\ea pew hot, ail4 Loula lalowing ._.. the OraD la,-Ia ,._ araor ot 1aa4, nBt " te Xn YOlk tw J obr1 Uitobel with the 1nt4tnt101111D MDI .,_.h aa,-into 4 with JObD Ks.tehel. t tile bla4 ot 1t. IIDGMl oto Pula '"" Oqh, beOde \he taDfJAqt ot the Pswuda ...,.,... h1a .,.,, 111 the ct'J'. I In P&l'la JtCIMl ............ \o ..... a peper and wae t 'he Dablla IJ1.ttl $8 uat1118Ae While theN M alao _, lola le !M.!1 ... P 110. le A PP 111-181. a. a.. lh t'fa. l 8 ... .,.. ' TJIII - :l.ars 11 19, 4000, P a. a. A DeYot" Ohallplon. . Aprll !, 18'76, p. a. e. 111tehel'a -....,.. Ir pZ-1 1 M, 1an, P 1.

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ox.r:r 1lho na 41aapeeab11 aneotM bJ M1,obll'a 41elllal tor 1 .r .... SA -.noa, t tbl ot tbl 01-.u War IIUObel -to drro,e4 all h1a a.rg to 'be oauM I ot ibe Oef ... .., lntt 1D 1886 be to tl Nftl,_ tloaarJ ..-nt. ftn at u. ts... -., Jola ox..., beiDa to '&1 in 111tU.1 "left x .. YCift tor Parta, tbe aocre41te4 ._., aa4 ..U.a17 fJit tbe Pen1ar1 s.ftberboo4 lhAl b1 414 ,._ .. I Jmew U'tle o4 tlU atter.l'Cla, Wben I ,_.I'd -* ot 1' tfta '161 a1ate1' and othera. To k a lons '"' llllori, Ml tolwl after a 11h1le ill Pana, bepn to ,... .... or 1 4!.aat1at1e4! 1t b7 no ana w1'h. 'ha prSDolplea_, 110at ..natnl7 w th tbe proapeot1, m4 "1'1 .,.h w1tn tbe ot PenSiD.S.a. ltep!lqa he eou.l4 en4 tbl 411 1Ske .... 1 It S.. pel'baPI ,._ 'h1a henoh lserlwte that Kitobitl'a ocmtt.m.tl t gatsrz gt_ :Y,lp b7 tm Abbe llaoOeogbepn & 18 to be atM. ... a.opesan obaplalD ot the Iftah Bftpde in VanM att Wbloh Irs.ab Brip41a8 were 'o nasa4. HS.a !''''i" it L' lJ3l.!nA eoo.-ctJq to 'ba !PIJ!lo-RJtcll! BJ:1tpJ.M. pols.Mt pon..._l:J, 1'1&8-l'les. 'l'hl . tlrat Bn&Uah nl, aDd tbl Ol'le e4 fer JU'ebel t I YOlt-e 1 te ltJ' nnek o&.lq .n.r _,.,_._ tl, 18S1al .. oGeoppa .. rrled hla h1a1lr7 up to tbl JMI' 100. K1t0bal' oontim&a'l besan In leil and

PAGE 132

'" m retuM4 'o 41owa a D -7 be howewr( \bat a powerfUl Uluatre,lca bla been 'berebJ pwn o 'be tao' that wblle JnalaD4 1 at pe-wl'b other u'l011a1 lt 1a ex ,,...17 41ttloul,, 1t not tapoaalble, to..- JUOh a ttlou 't.-pt at a aatlcmal lJlaVNOtl lD tM tar ot a IO'fti I nat ao Ylgllat aDd ao wli PN paN4. And 1t waa beoau he belle'NA tbat plvaloal tcroe ooul4 not auooeecl whlle KDslad wa ' PM" 1 tt JUt obel ret\aae4 ' ao a oept 'he le acterablp .... n ot a "'llftl 15e4 Penia1l Brotblrbocd. AlaotMr u.uooe-'Ul '' to heal tbe apllt pro. a poeed b7 OolGMl R1okaJid oa.l11Ya Dura, a Cl.tl war '"'eND, at a lluobeder, J1Dalab4, PenJ.an wllllcm. Aoo.-cU.ac to Jobll n. tbl net Mault td1e t0n111tlcm ot a tb1Jt4 pap, n to be JmCNn the c laana.oael. In lela lt tu

PAGE 133

ea au ot 'h three nlll 1n ..s. ...... Oolcmel Rlokard OI8Qlllftll la lduea,lq t anotb8r Na ,.. .. lfallObea,r oan .. .-loll bl bad tJakm 1 pan 111 the D4 bat ' tbl BM.a UPID lta ..., riYal Ill INlaid. After "'-...... 1 bl \be Naoue I ot J wbo b-.1 be.a arr.ate4 lD -- 1GDC after esplAl,, bl an.-'e41 abarp4 wl'h '"-fbi pna tor Peldaaa, aDd ledtll& ia OlaJI'Ic.awell 1111 A poup ot kadOD Palau ''-P'e4 'o bl a bola Ill 'be pHaOil ao tbat 1w lll&b' ...... In aplM ot a -iclenltle loea ot lite tba rewl' ot ti u;plMlca, 'be .,,_,, talle4. U.laa the Jlbs11ah 'hat au-u pl'f7 to 8 tbl Mdp IID4 ill UlliMI J-a JfiiM M4e 'be oulaul error of pattq Bulla GQtJalclll aD&t 1D 'be OCIIIIIIU7 ot ltnta aan, a .,.., .,. ot Irelad., ., 's.. the' ,. ,..., ofta Lwer, tor ber 1..,. m ,._1M with oo 1anel Jllomrd Du:rke, a tmlat ot bS.a aept, udar 'bl walla ot Ol.eranwll, ID4, an a flaM ot ......... hul tbl upwar4 ill tb8 t,. lha,teiM. glaaa 111111 topp11ng,-OIU'J In 8111 arM be hS4aa1 B811l f/6 Parl

PAGE 134

" en Ill 0MpMr I, Uni.S. a4 .. pantlaa .... S..rocbloed aa ObaJaaoMrla'l.o fMtuNa ot U. X.S.ah ._ lD tbe tiNt tlftJ' JMI'a after the f.,_t Jon ot tbl Valted llnal f/1 GNat Bltlkln aDd INlallll Ia 1100. Ill U. P"t ohap' PlaJd. baa bMD idrcdueed aa a obaNo,onatlo JIOdStleal et tbl IJtlah ..,. ... tlat .,.....nil cmc old.plaata 1lhe Vllltect ltaMa, ,_..1eularl7 .._, thoeo who INlaD4 after the talluft ot nalq ln. 18&8. Mo to tbe t .... tl ot tbe PlaD BMlrbood, tblre bact 'been bene INland act Unitecl ltatoa a1noe 1'1'11. 'l'b1a 1nt;OJ'Ocali'H 'been oCNNpd llM bJ 'IN tlOil 1Jd alao 'bJ tbl aclld.Ntl ot Ir1.-.n t -.rloa ..,. of thoQpt D4 1t7 the atMapta ot rl berloau to appeal pertleular17 to a lrS.ab OJ' auclSeiiMe Aa ea1'17 18M a 11ttl8 YOl\lM et ltli!W.W J:ml lla r1Mp Peta W bMn pqbll.a-4 1a Dultlla, but tba aoat al.p1tleaat ,.11 .. ,1 beton lMi t ,._ at'Uiled ot tbl Oolt;S.o ..ala .... waa 'lha1a Moce71a BldM'l st. Inln', whS.Oh wa pftllted Ia SO. 'OD ill 1866 -.4 11hloh lalcl U. tCJQDdatl t a NYlftl ot 'be IrJ.ah laaauce, .. so, ... ,.,, aNhl*oowr., re11&1 aDd. 1S.torm Behe l.Me aD4 1811, Irlab-'-rloan por1od1oala an4 pq'bllabeN h t 'boUl Pon1all1 aD4 a O.Dlo hwplu ot auoh J!ll'lo41oa1a n lilh:M!r1og, tbl Yo!Uatlw, D!. 9ltlap, ancl tba !:rJ.th n 'lha ao.t __.,., of bM parlo41oala IllhAMr1oap,

PAGE 135

100 1lh1oh tiNt apJMN4 Sa l.IMG Uder tM edl'onhlp ot Pa,r1ek 1.tJDab. Da u.---. bo'b pell'loal u4 11'-NI'J Po-11t1oa1171 Ir1b:'rw S.e tilt 11l, ... ,, to ahdeiS ot tabl p!l:r a1oa l r ... awn beom 1ta taYONd 'W Repaltlleaa a..olla'1 t lft1a114. Aeoll'4taa17, 1' 41epla,.. ooa.Mm t Iftah WJtl,J.Dca ot a ..,.N,ld 01' pttO*JI'ieaa aa-.., In tbe YOQIII lNlaJIIIlera, Ia e.W.Mea fill .&MrS.. !JIIII6'117 t Irleh NYObat10Dlna u4 ill eaUatlq lllllki'J lp tw lftlu4 ill tbe thl1te4 ltate ,.._ 11,_..17 et-.Jpolllt 1 lf'aoh' paper 1a s..p.rtan' HO-e eYeD betON 1808 1' ba4 aldllo1pate4 Mrta1D feature ot tbe Oel'lo r.al'l'b1a -.n1te'e4 'bJ 'be editor' ''1'-le tenrd .. naSa Iriah aD4 aaJ'lea ..s.,.,.,, 111 the tentS. Wh1oh bl pa.t.4 'o ._ Iftah 1a...-.e aDd. the AacloIrlah 41aleot et Bqu..h, In bla atat5aolu 011 tbl .,, ... IM"-a" aDd 1D h1a ill, ... In 'be Irl!b or Irlah--.rlMD thHter. fte aoet as._.st1oaa ll'lah-Ar1 pablt.r r ... Ba.en7 'Wboee J.ntae"'' la .u Oae11o !Ia! ... r lMn lAd t1o1esl7 Noapl .... Y' nalalJ lt 8\ll'pa!H4 tbata t1 aD7 ot hl! eoat.....-.S..a wl'h ._ peaalbla fit 'rhrEI ..... ,. ftd.a "liq tao' l! bl'OQI)lta out WbiD au rea1mber Yen' r.-a ...,_,, 'o 1te "--'ed me wlUl DaYia 1 -.-, ,.__ su -. law"{ lftlltliabl4 w..a 117 ,ba .. JclMl eCIIQDII ot "'be Oeello no-., bet .. 18M. ill o-.neot1011 wltb 'hi "CIHllo note, lt 1a 'ba' bc*b PeJ'SQIOil an4 wwe 1Jdebte4 'o Ieatell aD4 'bat._,. pnbabl)- taat.Uar with 'be wrS.talltl ot ldpr AU.D Poe. a. 1a '"' le See P lle

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101 to aqaeet tbat the r-oua a.e11o note haft bea pertllallJ a Oeel!oAMrioan ht to nhrn to r. 1. HaYenJ, lti waa DOtecl t;ut 1D a441tlon to l>tiYla, llaDPJl e4 hr paGD., +1tUabe4 tlotlGD -, l.e47 More-aDd Wllllaa Oulet01l1 a h1at017 ot IrelaD4 lt7 t KOON, 88u'lll 'a LeaaGil81 whloh baa been d.eaonbect ttrat pablloa,lon ot aDJ' k1D4 1D tbl Irlah lanpas ln -'-rloa and. lobn O' .. hoa7' tranalatlOD ot the h1at017 ot INlaid b7 .. a,J.Da. 'lbe BJIGtiberhoo4 toned ln 1888 b7 the ataD4lDI o...S.ttee ot an -slaatl Jm0111 tbe MOIRIMnt Aaaoo1at10D wb1eh m4 been 1D ed.ateDM alnoe 185-ie 'fbe a..t Meu aent Aaaoolatlan an oatb-bo.lD4 aoolet7 ot I:r1ah AMr1oana whoae soal bid been to ue ;iql.ad' d1tt10QD1ea with Ruaala 1n tu OriiiMn War to aet up a eowJ"elp atate .ID In 1866, alter tbl Aaal..auaala r ... r, tbl .._, Aaaoola tlca 41aaolft4 aMpt tor a naa4Sns oc.alttee *ieh ba4 been eapowered to HYlW lt tbe tiS.. appropl'iate. Ill 1118, ... ..-r. ot '"'"'' .... ttee uo14e4 to NYln tba .._, .-nt AaaeoSetl. Obaalna lta t!Mt7 de4 tbl a14 of 1- Stepbau ' oreate a ,. .. u.l bod.7 lD Inlu4. ....,era both Irlah AMrloan orpalat1cu awGH allesJan" to tbl Irlah lepalt11o now YiftuallJ tabllam4. BQt alJ' tb8 latte p-.p wa ottlalall.J' knGWD a the l'en.lan Bretberhoo4. After tbe PeSen Brotherhood W b"n oreate4, lt a gowth eDOCJlNp4 lrJ Ylalta to r1oa ot auoh prtneat flprea 1n tb8 paNllal Irlah orpDl-'1cm lemel,epbena, Jalm o Lea17,

PAGE 137

101 Olal'D IA<J, ocmonn R u4 Oba-lea Uolcbba. x aleo 'S..laHd. b7 a ..,.,.per wb1eh eatabU8hecl 1Jl lfew YOJik iD 1aag (DI. PbgtptJ), la7 u. lllpNaa1w obaeqQS.a whioh ta.Nl ot Yooc Iftlanhr, tteneDM Bellew Jlao ... aa 111 1811 .ad 'be 01-wU War. 'lbe 01Y11 War we ot Hl'riAI to PelaD a.nhlrh004 beoaue 1t bnapt Iftah "-rloau '--' S..ra. I' )lrcaotecl a O.lt1o NDa1aaaa .. bJ popularialq 'M lent I.Uh pt Olala 'l:IIPauP tbe ot Ida Bl'lcedee Ill l&ea, Wbe Plaa Bl'nberboed ap11' lll'o a Ouad.Jan Put7 aad an Irlah hn7 1'bl Oalldla lu'7 atJ'-Jt'ed to S.. ftd.e Cauda ill 18M aid 11'1 18'10. a attnotect tbl attea'11 1t aot a'llppon, ot Jabal O'llelU7 aD4 awoq 1ta ad Mrea' were at leaat o wr1,era wbo were lnte,_a,e4 Ill ,._ Ir1ah laap1e ad lD 11-lah a at l'l'tl'S. !be Ir1ah Paft7 ha4 Jolm o,...._.,, sep1alu1 J. ADI1Nw A. ClftttSD tiD4 loa. leap tor lta tt.r.t tlft leadeNe It N'-1M4 tale laral"J fl 'bl Plaa Slateno.l a4 'beoae lDYol'nd wl'h 'h PSJiat lDM,..,1 ... 1. a. 1811 aa4 181'1 'he Inah f&n1 ' aaDJ NP"tatlwa 'o Ireland aDil SA la'e ,.ar 1t wlalf aaqhtJ to pu lD.to 111p. In ad4lt1oza to 1o1m o.....,., 'M ll1.ah ran,. attNotJed two anable en,m&.laata ot Celtlo atu&a, eha OanMp aa4 Roben Dwrer Ioree. 'fotro UIUNOoeaaf\ll dt.-pb WN de to hMl tJbe apU' 'fbi tiNt tallAcl beoaue Jobn Nltobel 414 not; belt..w that an Ir1ah 1Ditan.ot1.m aueOMCI 11blle BllllaD4 '

PAGE 138

101 The aeoGDI alao ta1lecl at "at1te4 1n 'be fONatiall ot tblt Ol.a ... .a..l, wblOh nrYlft4 both tbe Caa.a41an '-'7 aDd. the Iriah Pal't7 aD4 11 ft4 to --ttlMt Mlh Palau ill tMir s..r..v"" 1oa tit ltll. In oonol\IIS.DC 'hia lld'l'04uotlon to IWllal, lt 11 ta-ponant to 1u1at 'bat ONIU.Oil Gr \M hnian SAd1aputaabl7 an atMapl; to NY1Ye an no1eat lr1ah lutlh '1 and that, U."t 1t be oona1dere4 a 'bStJ ear17, 1t not tu tlrat, Nault ot 'M Oel'S.O Hftll11MDie, Or, tbl oth4tr ball, 1' 11 .-al'ble \o NYes-M W.a atat ... t u4 to arsu that awe tbe Pcla Brotberboo4 an !D41aputable attqt to reYS.ve ._..._inc 1'1' Irlah aa.tlqultJ', 1' tbeNltJ nS..We4 late.-a't-.ta aDd ..:1/N.,_.Dla tflr tbe Oeltlo lll &J eYed, hll,_,. baa PI'Oft4 tbe propbMJ' ot a oS.wr BQalllh llten., ttbla u a JAu \Ne1Maa ..,,, aaS4 a elnel' ..._ llah llM.u 111Mn l3ll bHJid ot ._ eatan _..., .. the ll'llh --,. bOld ., 1004 nat 'tala tlall tbl Pesdau willlaat.,,,'fbere an aS.. ot Celt o ant1qu1t7 and ot IQ'aterr about ,.._ ot Palan 1tb1eh r1te4 tba anlal appr"al g1Yen to lt 'b7 the hlpai't1al Irlah wr1,eza wbotle baa jut been quot:..,..l

PAGE 139

OBAPrBR III UliiOKI8JI 'IBRIUS PIIIdiSII1 lSH-181'1 l'll Obap' I Ual.S.a waa 1JI04uoe4 1a..-17 ot lfasliab lupiN'S.. aa4 1D C:bapte n PeDS..l na ahown 'o be ot .a..r! oan arlcla ID tt. eb.apteza 'be apJMltl wh1eh ho - _.. to-,. peopla ot IftlaDCl beheen 1880 an4 181'1 wlU '!he Un10ft1ata, ot ooane, r. lD tbl t1el4 betON tt. PS.na, bu' ba4 a &ba-'17 bMd.loap 'o orero .. a '!'be &ftllt baa be "''' 4ow. 1D h1ftt117 bollu aa a tnat lt waa no11 a taSMJ ,.._ a la tuU ot roect nd .xportlq lt theN oaa _be no. taiiiM, elMa S.mard. Sbaw, nih h1a upal Ole .... aa 1 aa4 thiN WU DO talnt Sa Il'eland.l 'rbla pea' talllne Ma been 4uorlbe4 1 ... O-.noU7 tollone 'l'be tlrat fallDN ot U. pnato Ot-op to*Jlaoe b 1M& aa4 behe S.P'.-.r 11114 ee.-er tbat ,.ar 81S & .. ,ha r.-!ampr _.. :JS.ter.d althaQgh 3 ,&&0,000 quarter. ot ... m.-,.ri.aa oatil ba4 been x.s>ortect. holt tbat t tae unt1l 1860 'bl r.sne QI'H4' aacl the_ aport ot tood ocmtS..4. ,_.., 1D 1M8 1 eat1JIIattHI tbat aoo,ooo peraoaa 4JA4 Ot !lulapr aD4 l18861lal ca-nera of wtwat ab4 btarle7 WN '17Phu teYW, whleh llnl7 tollon 011 la f6 h...-r, a'ftek clOWD aa DJ aa per!abtd. 41 NOtq ot taldae, u at laat 1t beo_. illoea1ble SA 41atl1'10ta to pt ntt1o1nt labouftra 1dth atftll&tlh

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enoup '' 41& aeparne snwa tor tbe 4J'IIl&. BeOCNJ'M ha4 to talllM fl' 1 1Jlto wh10b t. becllea WN tbrowa p.-J.a-.oaaJJ"t wboJ. t.Ul1ea 4ie4 Ia .S.nble Mb1D8il lD 186,, 'blaok '4.'11 2601000 4ie4 ot '" 1770 et Tblt hand1oap waa aU the ._.. loua beonae OM ot tM HJICID&-1 hol4a ot t7B1GD1aa 1a INlall'l, tba pro.-ns.d ala laJ'pl7 NapcllaDla tor t11a .tt.s-laa liON ln,_.nly aeltlah aD4 MH 11 tOQDII to tM dlagnoe tl o laaa ID Ul7 OJ'lala Sa tbl blat_,. ot o1Y111ae4 HOle'J They u ... 4 U. te paaa ooeJI010DJ -.7 preaae4 ,,. 110re dl'laseat law t tm bet'er paJIIftt ot .... t!leJ oarrte4 at nlotlaaa, 8D4 cU.4 ewrJthlng elM 'ba' 'Ml.r anteoe4ellta aa4 obaneter s_.N117 wgld 1Dolte ao ._....,-a pnU.p4 ....,. h to oYeroOM tb.J.a baD41oap and. to w1Jl tbe Ir!.ah peoplAt to aQPCII't tbe Ull1tect Una.._ fll GNat Brl*aS.Il aftd tbe Vn1l1t1 aauabt '' redNII Iftah pleftDMI bJ polltloal 1 eecmcaio and aoolal oanaloM Pollt1oal CNflm! !be po11tlea1 oooal whleh were ICRtpt bj ll'Sah Unlcmiata ot Parll_, lD OJII4 .-u IM.ah 41oonterat ,, ..... In t!Mt BoltM ot LeMa ln lJM8 ... Irlab peera propoeed tbat 1t 'be larlt.a.nt wre ' t Sa Dublla --6 alaaaU,, Irlah PaN'!a ld.&h' be dealt a aerlau 'bt..e Ill a a1JI11ar apblt YlOtors.a oouepd. to Ylllt Ift1aad. hen aarller Irlah lu41cmla Md &b' to pernada tbe Upper BouM tbat tcn'lOD wou14 Jd.nt.t. 41aooatlt !be abooD4 o1 aa Irlab laD41.-ct, Au..,-De Yere, Gil 1shh .abj .. t, llllll,

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108 1Del4ata117, an a '""' l-'7 purpoae ftl whloh waa to pr.-eot; Irllh ,.. ...... liN lD'e"'1Dc a. fiNWb told the aeleeta o-s.tt" ot tbe BtQie ot z..cta OD Co1cmlaatloll ho. lftla41 186'71 ot 'the .._.,. ot a great cwat ot "er PopalnlOa (M. De BM1a011t belS.w4 tabat Iftlala4 ocatl4 nppm 88 allllou ot people) to abollah tbe ""7 l'4ea ol bOJe1''1' ld.ns People belleft tt.t .. ot tbe IeD4 belcmga -rlrtuaU7 o all an tbe r.4 and that tbQ baYe tl Right o les1alate aa 'be7 'hl* beat u t;o the Mode of 1' D1atl1.bllt1on ' I han 1mowD PeopJ. 1lbo are aot;OS'loul-7 peat Lea4era ot Wbltae Bora 1ft wboee a_. ,.-. M\114 tNM ao Mark of ftui't1an1alaJ 7CN ftft llaft Jmoa lJ lOOk Sac at tbla tbat; the)' weft enl-4lepo .... -n. Sou of c-ou, alao, appeaW In llMG lt peaH4 tabe EMUIIbe.-.4 Betatea Aet wt, ot OtNrae, lt na 4e-e1p4 to pw relS.t ' tbe laD41 aD4 there 1a DO eYJ4.,.. a tbat the srle.-eea ot tba rwtas ...... re ....u.cs. 'b7 1t. It pJ'Obabl7 beoauae ot oc.-ua ad'floe I that ,. ea bad relS..4 -.... lne,er ,. aftn 'be r .. s. a-... u- 414 11,tla, 1...-.4 'be ,.et ot united I 8tate1 aDd OaDMlW 'be beMtlMDt ftWl* a 11h1eh IIlah' laW 00. tbl ahlp1a of palzl whS.eh re Hilt tO e InlaD4 tr. AMrloa. A a114 at'-P' tbe 11a10Glna to al.lelf'late Irlah 41atnaa 1t7 tbelr om ef't.-ta Naulte4 ill tbe tcmaatloa ot t;be Iltlah

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10'1 COQDI11 ill tblth Iaaao attst, .._.1 PeJWUOD ad auoh Hpua'1a' wuuaa a.tth o....._, Obarlea Claftll I'lulf7 an4 JCibn Mltohal Mo aetlw. Ina .,,, Wblle nm at !ftll1'7 0o11 ... Sla 18U, w 1 bean one ot ,. f0111dera ot tllat aot11ent Ulll-s.t pePlocU.Ml, I tbe J?ub&W UN.Ihl !tQI'D' A tn J8aH ldtr, hn1Da been tlaotecl Butt a,..4 ap1Dat O'Oelmell' prepou4 N peal ot .let t11 Uala lu the feU' 1Ma1 0'0..,_11 aa4 lid' WN "'h Aldtr MD ot tbl Dlalt11a Oal1>ot'at101l. ..,ftd 'hat a petition M preaented to Parl1-nt t 'm Repeal ot Valca. Bu1;' aa eb.M lall4 Oppoa1t1on. beiDa ablea' r4 .. 11Y .. Oba!q)lOil ot Tof7 oaua "' ,., '1M oo-.u pNcU.oMd tha' Butt .. ld ultsS.tit17 ltt o-. a ..,_,__ _., lDIM4, a tew ,..., later wbllt rac 4tteue .._....1 te Nl ot ,._ Youa X..lectera oonteaat4 o MtapR 'bl' M WOQl4 n Mft tbl elJ.ah,td blal'a'loD ill Oid.Dc h'lt 1n ,..,...,. ot lllealalnl-. Yet ln Bla'' tftll Npudle'e4 oo .. ua propoaal 'bit a ttd.eal pnnl --... ..., ... b7 ,. X.lah Ia u.. et .. ,..1 u4 INa 1861 18aa m atl'ftel a Val.S.at .-M of Puls.-d. At the tS. ,., o--11 prtd.S.O'iDI 'hat IJQ'' would beo01118 a etsara,let, S.Utl ,._.. lla4 alftatQ' ,._Ana I taowud tihat .,.. 'b7 hie tSAnld, aDd at abOQt Uw .. that tslw Irlah 0._.11 ftNII1 be Wl'oMI

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108 U the Oouenat1Ye pntl'J of Ireland thoqbt t1t to 1nY1te tbe1r tl"1en4a aD4 teanta to t tha at a new Dugann tmn 1a no pOtMr 1n Brltaln wbloh ooul4 pnftnt tbe aewranoe of tM two t.lan4a. AD4 tbere oan be no mon fatal 4elua1on than to auppoae tbat Ir1ah beoauae the7 4o not prot tba Rcaan Oatho llo re1Sc1ca aft 41apoe .. to rest aatt.tle4 \1D4er arq aoo1al 1Dter!or1t7 whatenr to the reat ot the Unlte4 JCtns4cM.l I. third -ber ot the CewMll, Obarlea OaYan DtlttJ, to a Londabderrr editor about lt and reoe1Ye4 an 1Dtereattng repl'Jt !be 'Ir1ah OCQil' baYe taken up cme branoh ot tbe lfenant-Rlgbt agitation, Y1a.1 tbat nlatlDs to !.51! !ljatton tar mente, out th87 haYe atllltlie eo ot 1t1)r0f Eema-et td11aouaa, and 1t the7 put thia \lpOil a generous and aut't101ently OC*preMD alYe baala, tbe7 will 4eael"Ye aame ored1t from the oounti'JI HoweYer, tbe more nl Unlonlat landowner oana14ere4 the 00UD011 too ra41oal 11114 a result it aooo.pllbe4 nothlna. Yet anotber at'-pt to redrea a Irlah plew.noea s-ew wt ot tbe Ulater moveMnt tor tenanta' ri.pta and resulted 1n a oomb11Wilon ot Ulater Un1on1ata, Roaan Oatbolloa, and moral auaa1Cillat Scaetiae 1n 1&68 oertaln Ulater Unloniat a & tor-e4 a tenant Soo!at7 and two prleata tounde4 a aSmilar orsa1aatlca 1n OallaD. In 1861, the Oatho11o DetenM l.aaoo1at1on na tor.4 1n to protect tbe 1ntereata or Rcaan Oatho11oa at WeatalnaterJ and 1n 1852 tor a oOJI1ng e1eotlon tb1a R-.n Oathol1o gr011p tomed a oc.aon oauae with tbe Teaant League or orth aDd Iauth, whloh had luat been 1e Du1'ty 1 !R 1 Yol. 1, P a. P au:r. a. P ag. ' Div! t, D P ea. ee.

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. lot orMct ettona et the .oral auaa1alata, OMI'p u-., KOON IDI Oaftll 'fM e..Utlca ,_..,. 11b1ell el"Mcl tsftJ'-dltl' ot 1 h eaaa-41tatea, 1Del'*''l Dalf7 aDd Jlooatet pledpd t"-aelwa neYer to \ab orrt.ee ,._, Dner -. aJ.wa,. n ' 1a oppoatl ' UIJ' ll1alaV, DOt pledpd M .Npeal 'be Boole1aat1oal fltl.M 1 8111, and n a Lad am olat nre. au ' l'lHt oPOII-'.-1'7 ...-.s.a the Jhzn Oatsbolle ehleta bNke the pl._. aa4 were 1a th1l -tbellt Claareb cJ tbe Ulatea 'l'M""'*l lolm 111,..,_, wbo ' \hat ts.e 1D AMa-lea, 4NW tM l'oll.odac _.al t b1a ... Yll: pape 1 'lie 01'11P I Wotbtq ....,. be ob\&1fted tO'I .. ,._, tuMra r.. b Bl'tt111h Pul1-tJ tMS.. beat hope -aa IMab expeclltiOD r.- Ust!.'*d stat with .,., Sa t;'HU MDda Whleh aicht b as>Mted betoM anothe ,. ... had ela)Mied e Dalf7 PU'tl.J' e.peect that -.. eoallt1 aoo .. pU* notth'"' 110 :be 4eMada .. te ' a .. lplaa h1a aeat 11a Parlt' :tae u.id Ill .U.auta "'H1l all tb1a 1a ohanse4 there .. .., to .. no 110M bope t the hlllh u t.hl.n t the I ove aa tU GeQIP a.., lloON, U.. la' a.....S..._. ot the eoalt'i.Oil ,...,., 1:11MeaM4 Ia 181'1. l'al'pltialDI1J'1 alaoe 1aolr ot IWID Catho11e nppon bact MD. a laqe tao'-la tbe dlala._.. 1 or ua. partJ, .._. wu .... .. tbe .-... _., Bt.Up ll&o-Bale aad .-. ot the elug ot bla 4loo-had uet UD4u.e tDn.-ee 1. .lb.., .. 1 . I1tl.l ,. -a. Jmlli'aitd Pile'' lf!Opn!lN It 1!. Iy loprp) ltt. P u.

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110 1 t:m tbl eleotCII'ate to oaue Ntull 'o larll' '!'hare 1a an aauma alde to tbla 1U18M,iDI or Moore beoauH ot HOlealaa-. t1oa1 1ntllld4atlcm 1t ane r__.,.ra the -1 ..S.'h wbloh b1a Oeora ..... Ga&b' to 41aoarer tbatl :a. waa ot ProtUtat a I ... .,. Jte11pou Sooltl c.,.,,. In ad41t 1m to oenaln poll,Saal e4 eo.-10 ooaoeaalau two etrma 'o NON1' InabNil to tbl UnlaaS.at oauH _,. be note4. J'lra, there ....,,h ot h-MIId17 relats.-. M twen R.-n Oa,hollo Vllloalata in Bqlaad. a:DI1 tt.lr ..,.Ual.S..ta J.D IftlaldJ u4 aMca4, a a114 iD'eNat in tlaellO ltlU'e WI etS..laM4 .. tthn AaolAe 'l'm OatlboUo -o1pat son M' ot 1889 had renlted ill a NDA1aaaDOO ot tM Ra LD Oatd:.oUo Cbuoh 1D BqlaDd. Aa a N nlt, Ill hpis_.r, 18101 Pope Plua IX 4eOS4H ' ONate a d!o oeaan h1eftftb7 tbare to repla" tabe aDe Wh1eh Met &GM owr _. a.tabUIIMd O!aafth eatvlea .. r1S.. At Weatldaater tM pan7 b powr 4mOWIIOed Plo ' 4 .. 1alon la,al we-aloa, but at .Ut ts-Il'lah Rn held. t;be -o.laDM ot power lD Par11-nt Ullller of Oewp BeDrr lloon b7 llld.ted nenl:lrow taw on- A ,.,. 1 'ba OathoU. Det Aaaoesatl na toaed. lrll>llbl.Ja. 'lbue after IC Ill Oa11ho11ea W ao __.. Sa Parlia.-t aD4 AubN7

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1U De v.-. ill a letter, d.ated. .Tamaa17 10, 181Sl, Npal'tedl wearlJ" OWJ-1 Dnapaper the na of ac.e Aarslloa olatt.,..a who baa J11ft ....-4, aad tt. la..,.n are kMplD& tbft Sa eCAta1 t ..... DeVere, hS.elt, a Raaan Oatho11o In 1811 hla bntber a1N .. 7 lad ctee, lNt t aoat MlabraM4 ecmwrt a Jabn 11enrJ OaJidJ.nal 1lbo bad. ........ Sa l.Mie Jobll llenrJ ..... ID t:a. reala ot hJ.pl' eduatlaa tre a eorwS.lfts ...... ,ntl et tbe fd trSMAJ.7 nla'1-t..twen Bns1ieb ud Irlah ll .. n Odhollea wmn .ratan 1llu7 x.,.. appo!.Me4 NOte ot tu OathoUo Uld.YeraDJ wb1lh taaDI1ecl SA D011n SA l'n D! lat.!. st. a Uplwraitz wbioh NaulW rr. h1a pertaMa SA h-Ua, w .... n apeak adldrlJaal7 ot Inlaid' o1Y111'JGa Cvlq \he ..... u.. Duk .aaea tba' 1a, betwea 4 eoo allC1 800 .&.D., aD4 to "' tbat in thoae tiM 1IOida I pb1.108o,.._. and lft1h .-Jc'f wre .. .all PN e cU.ote4 an Irilh NaalaaaDMf but hi belleftd that 1t Wtll4 be ROPE a Oa,boUo 1 DOt 0.1' le 1 1D UftN I U I 4o h .. p 'o -.n7 YIJihea allll .U of tM Iftah peole ... u Maloa.e t t:a.S.. lull 4ewlop_,, lt le n tor iiM aau fll tmuelwa, wt beoaue the _.. ot IN1an4 n.J' baa be aa41 belS.w, nw will 'be, aeaoo1atl4 wltb t118 oathoua Pal'h.

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111 Aftllblahop JlaoRale'a blOCftpMJt baa told. ot algnStloaa' aapeo' ot .. .._,. worlr ln the new Vlli ... l'alir7t a.. ot 'he laat1fta 'MDetlta u oontvre4 em lt aid tha waa hla ot Bugene 0'0Uft7 ' thl obllr f/1 Iftah lnt1qu1t1ea1 b7 whioh that geat nholas- .. bJacl f' to the wwld h18 Yaluable lenuna em t'l'be Maauaor pt Mllterlalll ot 11-lah H1at017' ad. hla atllliiOft ftluable volUMe an 'The llamwra Ul4 Ouat.a or tbe ADel.at Irlah.I Th1a lnM:r.at Sa Irlah aatlqultl wu eDOCIQNpcl 1ft Atlpt&e, -Sae ow t '*' l8ISS 18e3 1 Mra ot tbe Oatho-1 llo 11Dlwnt.t,-. wtaloh JNbll.W oOarJ7' tNUlatt.ou troa the a O.elle. w. K hlUftn, wbo wrote 'bl an lela a Oelt 1o Ll'n-tuN ,_. tbe ninth e41'101l t!w .. J!lopuaH Brl!yn1fa, 011 tbl atatt ot le..an1 a iDI'lh,lcm at ts-. l'la t1w artlole he tol4 ot tM !Nnuot1oea ot 'be O.alaA1o Boelet7, 18M-" 1811, or wbleh tbl Ulllcmiat Sta.Mlah Ra,_1 O'ON47 wa1 ia obal'p, m4 wbJ.eh ooa'ab4 -Jt17 tba l.e ,., pria'-4 ot tbt e Oae1aD10 o,.s.. liMdlaaa M7 .aeh pub11oat1oaa Atlanty ud the 'l'nManlou or tbl oaalal.e loelnr "" to pron ot .are lnhreat ' U. Pe1an 'baa 'o J:ltlah thd..S.' . ..... ,. Dl ., ... Ill 111-laa tm ....-h ot h1.edl7 rela,lou 'between lrlah aDd Baallah R-.m Oatlloll, tbe o
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at017 was not to be tou.Dd 1D 1' lq 8tl'\l88la tOJ! 1DiepeD4enoe but 1n t;he perala,an' ..U.renoe 'o Rcaan Catholio 1 ot the Irlah 1 ,eople. He HpOUDdM thia 1n'-rpreti,1cm ot Irlah hlat017 1n the 1ntJ-odalo,101l ' Inl,ta11 whloh appeancl1n 1881 1n a Yolu.e entitled Ill! Bletere, IB1fte1l E. C!h!pr ' w. 1Ddee4, it a part ot hla tbod ot ooa.tsNot1Dg tbe poeaa 1 It as.., w 'be poet h1 .. 1t 1 1 1a to .abocl7 tbe I''IJII ot a MtS.-.a b1at017'' 1con'-Pofti'J hla be went touoh ua with a e1cal band! but tbe7 otten pa b7 'bt aa.t laportant ewnta, an4 lnger beal4e tbe _., 'rllal. Looking b4ok upaa. hiatory 1 u fltOII a ftntap srGlUid., lta PMNl proper tl .. beo-palpableJ ud ,. ialw!Ma tso whloh poett-r ''Ohe :Mraelt an e1Uutr thoae OJilthal Junctures \lpGft wbloh the tOI'tu.Ma ot a aatlCil 1nta1 or noh aeoldezlta ot a 118bter aol'il 111uatrate tsbe Gbar.oter ot a " A hlat or1o Mr1ea ot poe tbua beooJDie pol 1 interest or wbloh la ooat,._oua, ad tbe aauJIM ot Whiah NYMlJI ea s.ao,.aaSAa ef.Pltioaaoe.l Yet llia p.,.. abOut Ont;t;an In In1etaJ.l ocat14 baYe been wrltqn 8 bJ a aeparatln aDd Ssbt be ean.-rue4 pro.nPNl b7 an wbo na unawre that 0. Yere waa a Rcanan Catho11o Un1GD1at; who a4111n4 Onttana etfOI"ta 'o eDd t;lw PeDal X.n aore than h11 De Vare baa been oall.ed "''-wearer ot Word.nonh' e ..ql.e" but there waa anotblr lntlueDM 011 h11 wrlti.Dc Whloh one alght more Na4117 'Wderetucl 1n tlbllt ot a pentlat. SOMtlM earq 1n tM 'alxtlea be wrote o h11 Boatoll tn.l41 Obar:a.a EUot; & I art on a

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Hoe pleaaaat .-t 'be thMa tuS.t ,., aot lve .,.lDp ,-.u ,... 11l 11tNI'7 le-.N with Jr frla Mr. X...ll u4 Mite LGncfeU..& I sv 7GQ JGar deaolptlOD. ot 'hea de M ws.h very IIUOh 1D4Mc1 'hat I eoul4 form cma ot tt.t elftle. L1tral'7 lab_., wlth tbe hope ot a _.. WIT an1matlaa thilaciI am ot tba unpopular .s.... 7CN lmow, lD Bngland 1Monae I am a Catholto, and Sa Ift1an4 beoaua I am oppoaed to tlonaJ7. '!'mla De Yere ""ala hbaalt a Vnloniat who tlDda ... h to a4 .s.re ill AMnoa. A atnoere loa of tlat;tai'J to AMrloan wa71 of tt&Gu.lt; be obaened in lltfbe Leet .. oOart!QIIoN, ' 1 -cme f4 the Sa Jpytell, Ill wbloh ,... ue4 the t"a111l.l1lr 8 ot X.Ctel'--1 I A Pnlll ot J:4te M4 WMD be Mt I . I..,.rellcN be not; 11117 feud bla ..n.-... , but aleo.beo-lDslJ NWNnt1al1ao 81Doe t;he awldell -.4 laaltoua dea'h ot h1l wlte Ma17 Aab!Nrie ot --..') hla t.lr Iwa bMD piq, batt bla ..,. b ars.ns, ll\ol&lh nRta a-,1e, are DCJt; 4eprea Be b n'lrelJ 1104eat, aD4 ataple Worcla1torth hiaaelt, ot bl apeau lD beoDc teNa at Nnnnoe and pat ln .. In .S.w f1l tu taet tbat De Vesae pn.rS.lJ illtereatecl !n Raan Oa'bo11elaa, not Nparatlall, the toll.ew1aa eatS.te trc. the lnotOlopM4y Brlppp&y '* l'*ve "a written b7 a UJllanlata After Jlat,baw Aaol4 1 a floe leo tuN ca oe1t1o Lite a'll"' ahln ,.lhapa d14 liON to 'be Oelt=lo M Y1val 'baa A1lbft7 4e Vue1a 1nlcht; lllio Iltlah obaraotlr ad h1 of--earlJ Irlh eplo poet;J'J On ba41 .. oD.._h, t!Mt Irlh o1'1t1o and pet;rlo\,

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11& felt 'bat De Vee an 1aolate4 ;pbta.o.ncm al'l4 waa torM4 tao a aepanM .. ,.1017 tor h1ll 1n Qtntaan Ja lr!tmQa 'l't.re are a tn poeta, lJlce .Aultft7 de Yere, 'tlhoee lD work oumot be l'eferre4 eliaher 'o tlbe Mode or \o 11rtng1Irlah patri.o'lla 7et who are 4et1.n1Ml.J' .lnglo-Ir 1ah. ..,thft Amol4 'l':t. oonoeaa1ona WhS.h tba th11on1ata .ct. to the R...n OathoUo o!mrob, Mn1f'" 1n tbe peracma ot Jolm Hen17 w.....,_ aDd AubNJ De v_.., tOQDd a parallel !D tbe Nalm ot Oelt1e atll41ea an4 1D tba person ot Jlattblw Aaol4. tade4Mt, an aDeD7 moua ocm,r1bu'OI' to tbe Baozol!J*!41! Brltamd.oa aa .. rte4 thlt "Xatthn Amel41a tlu Janv. em 'O.lt1e L1'eNtueeU4 oh I to balp t:t. O.lt1o NY1Ya1. AooOIII.U.ftc171 a few a aboa.t Arraol41a 11114 lnt;ereat J.n Qaello Ol.lltue upreaae4 when be a 4e11ftN4 th1a leoture or leotuna11n 18a'11 Sllpentl At tbe ou.taet be repu41a'e4 Oeltlo laapapa aa an obataole ' c1Ylllaatloq.. Be Njo1M4 1n the dHth of OOIIllah, tbe ,. ins ot Bret.,. aDd &oot;oh aDA, apeubs but after tb. ot Deaasla .,.,... ) propbea1e4 ,. 41aappeai'UIIe ot Qae11e tr. IN1an4 w!wft 1t waa 'he ladp ot the 'bea'en noe, 'he a propenJ ot the ftDtll1abecl. Jat, Aaol4 41apoM4 ot tba Irlah dea11'e tOll' lndepealenae b7 tbe e.-en' ot neial deteNS.nla, oharaoterldna Oeltlo o1'Yll1aatlon as "aat at elbon,. poor,

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1 al.-.nl:J, an4 balt'bubai'OUa" and llddlna 1io 'h1a oa15a1otP ot t-w1U," tant ot pat S...oe wltb 14 .. " aJII1 8 "J.nab1Ufi7 ' ... tbl tbe world 111 .. .,.. Lla Kaoaula71 and 1 ta-. .. 4 VUI Be beUeft4 tbl IJtiah "" SAeapable ot .. u-ccw-,..., aDd aoo4 coqh IS t1al:*r tlo wSn lt bca tbl BDaU.h. a.tol4 apeak!q at a .... .,_ ,. PeA1all .,.._nt bad reaow .aeh prop.-s.u to oauae oonaS4erable alara ln ... 1eft4 end 1t 1a poea1ble, perhap, 'o t.t.ot a not: ot 1:bla tear 1n hie bettul wl'd.8a Who 4oea not r .. l h1a a1nd oleued abau.t OUJI MeDia tbe Pen1ana, .._n M leai'M tbat root ot na .. iC e1te , appears 1n the lwro P1nga1J 1D Clw1llne41 Welah tor Beth WalJ iJl the llc.an Venectoi51aJ ln. YaDDia 1n ln VenJ.Mt8 At AD7 Nte be '0 adlllN --tll'\tl h-. ot tlw Oean1o r''.,, InlaD4 and .aoh Ir1ab .. .. aa lelia oDoDCJhll eD4 ,. ..su .. , ..,_ oou.,, And 'bla 114 !11N,1an waa '0 lead h1a '0 propOH a Jlllocr-tor 'be peeUlea ot INlaDd.a Letl u re-unlt;e CNrelftl w1th GU' '"'' IWII aD4 wi'h tba wcw14 'broqb 1o1enoeJ _. let 1" -.. fll our ana-110 :reYenge Oft 'be Pb111at1nea ..... t;bllr mr aJ.n.a aN tba guilt7 ot J'en1anln, ' tou.a4 ' Oxford a obalr ot Oel,1e 1 aa4 to aenct, ,.._. tbl a-tle JUnlatNt10D or aoleDM, a ae of ,. ... 'o IHlancl.lO

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ll'F 1 pa lll a boOk b7 't. a,.,.thir, CJeorp llpr.ca. Ia ooaa14ert.Da I 1'1all s-ota of tsb.e pb7aloal t'oroe aov-nt; 4\wlnc 'be 1 1868 to 181'F, it ..... oonwnlent to 4iY14e the aubJeots hr Into tcaua Mot1 Plrat it will be approprla' to aa7 -thlna ot the 1tatsua ot tbe Hpent1at IIO'Y-a.t at tm tt. ot 'hll bealmilll ot Peniuaiaa In IN1u4. Jut, tbl panh ot tbl Jb,7aioal r ... :.oftMnt prior 'o tbe ap. pearanoe ot Inth Peplltn 1883 .Ul be 4laeuae4. !ben a notion will be 4eYote4 'o an aaal7ala ot that we'tl7 newepaper. ADd tlnall7 tshe ftppNaaloa ot Ih Ptople aa4 tbl failure ot tl riallls 1D 188., wUl oonolu4e tm third obapter ot tbe preaent ...... JI'Oh. !&!! Rt. 8 llbln Obarlea O.Yan DfllffJ' let't INlaD4 ill 1861, tbl CriMen War ba4 to an ODd,. In 188' be biMS pabllahM ans....a.clllh s b7 o. InlD. aDd 1n tbl lat1cm. Perbapa tbe N .ult of tbe war bll4 ,_.,hina flo 4o with h1a be Uet t:t.t tbare na ao aore hope tor tbe blab oauae 'han t'or the oorpao on the

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1 4S.tl.._.Dle. Yet ewn at !bat ,,_ tlODal oplalGD pew ira t:t. 71 .. la 18&1 1! noe1ftd an Sllpe'-r.c. Ra,..,, I antboleg, ilbl J!llla4e II. ;xr,plzC a I' uar]7 all rigOl'OU nrae l.araely ina t.. .. oala7 u4 ble alaahla.g obool, aad el141ng .. ,. tJt U. le--' perteoted lplee ot nc-. Moore, t1U 'Mil ibe al.moat a1ngl.e aouaoe ot national l.Jrloa la Ireled.. J.d. 1D !0114 exo.llenoe. D'Aro7 MoGM, Pel'l\laon, Lad7 W114e (aot!Mr ot Oeear) 1lbo !lp.ed spe:ruaa Dania PloNnoe .... oa..-!JJ alao atJI\Uak bold -' In-'bl Irlah l)'N, a4 n 'he a out peraoaal aote, --..... 41at1Dot 1on aad tbrlll ... J- ClaNaM =r.n .. I poar "" bo47 .. ,,..tas. bMdt.ftal .... 1 A a lhalU ftll Me"-4 Dtartr a eti' ot ill Ia! AS I hlUftn .,..,.,htM4 wlth aparlaa .._, .. Npea1 ot 'he Mil ot e 11Dl, -.4 !be rmnl f/1 U1e Irlah la...... Ia --ot101l nth tt. .,..1 ot !M Ae' ot thal, Iota Dner ilo14 ill lWI l!!tfllenlp how Ia 1818 Lold Jola h 8b4 Loo4ca T&Mt oalle4 tw a pleltl!OlM !o 4etei'IISM tbt nbj"'' ot Pope Plu! II Dted t)lalr '1'1ae !tt1S tMt41ataeq pnpe4 tbl Irlah ,.,1!1 'bl BJ.tslS..h CJon,_.m t plUlaol'-Oil .-!lGa ot Iriah iDea,_._, 1 tt. Dl S.lUwa, et UM latllf D4 ID!o an X.Uh olaaa (a! Wbieb l preae -.4 to wbloh hla bnthel', .... 111ft !la4 &1 n !be ... ot !WI edl torlal ro h aet of reeolutlou al.read:f vlt Mn. .o. ot ... neol\lt 1aa.! l'-1 tor a publlo .. ,. 'l'be lnl-.1 Pet1\101l llow nt 'ned. 1111 8Q1Un ..U PenaMnt ..... ,817

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Ill e-.o,icm wl'h .nlYal ot the Inah laDpqe1 lt '1 be noW that an Dablln paper, :!l!l!aD ba4 pqbU.W a letter b that paat ol4 ... k" (u Oeorp Moore waa 'o 1 b1a In lflll JB\ PIE!!!ll) T, oWelll lluaeU, 11b1oh a4-wooate4 a 8 ""lftl ot t;ba ab47 ot Claello AD4 elanblre 1n hla ftt!tj. J.nt.1a. Den7 tU. 110re ab' the Iftah olau "terrect to aba.e aD4 1' ..._otl with tm. a.lllYaUa 't!Mitl ll,tlA OM11o elaaa ned by a few 7CND& .en aDd bOJa who 'hoqb.' 'bl7 nre tn1t1at1ng a acwement tlo NY lYe be laDguage, but n1 ot 'bela d:l'opped. after a t;S.. beoauH they_sot too lld7 1D .PenlaJU In. \bit ea4 tabeJ "" _.le 'o paJ rent of' tlb quafteN Ira Ml441e Abbe7 S'N, 'liMN la"in Aa Ot.,.._ .. Who 111' an Bo1 Street, tllr t;eaoher, Be na t m\bor ot oon'ftnlent book 'Irlah ._... Baq . Sulllftn pw ua uae ot h1a _e41,al :roca ill tb8 J!'iF at1"1M.,.Je11;blr Aleundar n .,,._..bJ D. 1\t iftll, DOl' 'bell' brother Donal -.. a wo..S ot II'Uh ,., 'o* peat lD tereat la 'he ltmaaa aDd saw renl a ioo4 atan 1Q" pabll*!Dc rroa 'o wHk Sa Kat1oa htm.r V11ok au- 1Ba87 r. .... lD lltlah.l Perbapa 'be aoet 4mprwa exploit Ul*l Wh1oh noh "prntl.taa Sulllftlna 1t oertala nabMaaea 1n l.M8 be UMJ*e41 bappeMCI lD 1810 111,8Ml1 lt wlU be N ...., .... ha4 r-GINI' 'o Part.a In 186t at 'be Sll.S.,atlaa ot X.ula Hapole aD4 tiN "" I'UOI'a of a poeal'bla .,._.h tanalOil ot lft.... '' thla 'S.. llarabal llaoMabCil ba4 taaNa aa 'be Nftl\ of hl.a :..a411Dg ot 'be PNDOh a"NS lD. a with Auatrla. JIMIIah0111 a PNMbaan, ot Irs..h

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180 1 deaoent 1 and a pa._,lat appeaNCt, !JC!!!Mn,...!!! a gt Inltl6 ID !!x lr!lanA 8ull1ftn baa tol4 bow tbe Bft1o!l 4eo14ecl to preaent lfaoJiahGD Wi'h a eworda 'lbe .. nbal, bein& aade aware ot the propoae4 oc.pl1 lntt.t..t that, nbjeot to the requ1a1te pe.S.a a1GD ot tbe BJiperor, lw woal4 be '"17 happ7 to reoe1ve thia rk ot repJICl tJtca b.la ano1ena OC!!p!tr1otea be at7l.ed Iftah 'l'bli lniperor!ilii a ft!'"1 ned .. ,., aaMDted., all4 ., 'be 8D4 ot tee.r, 1880, rq bl'Otblr, Jbt. !'. D. Bull1.an, aD4 CJealp S1eraon. .prooee&Nl to PNDM to kb tlw r_...l pre aentatlon. Tba IIUabal waa at tbat tt.. 1ll OGI pncl at Obalaaa, IID4 to honour tblt arrlftl er tbt Irlah depata tlca on a.aeh an enand tbe oamp waa .1!\ ,ma. 1'M r._l pNHDtat1on took plaoe at baad-quanera. An a44Jreaa,en SI'Oeae4 1D lr1ah an4 PNDah read b7 one at the ' Sulllftn e41tor at the Ra!199 no f1t nooeaaGI' to a ,_, Whleh cmoe been bel4 b7 DeYla. ID 1818 tl Phoenix lat1aaal and L1'NI7 8oelet7 waa orpn1.-4 at 8Jd.bbere.a, CJOUDt7 c.n, lupl7 tbl .nona ot o Dcaonn R Wbln the ..-.ra bei*Jl to 4r111 arid exeoute Jl111taJ7 noeun-ea on tM h1lla14ea ou.t ot alabt ot tbl ROJal Ir1ah Ce118talNla17 1 oerta1n looal prieata attaelDid tbl SooS..t7 and a Phoenix wrot 'o the preaa to oc.pla1n pen1oular17 a ot tbe beUJ.pNDOe ot tlhe pariah pleat of ltea.re. '!'ben the e BatJ,op printed a le'tr wbloh 4en__,e4 'lw Soele\7 It tollo.d a nl4 aad 'M arreat ot aoat of 'tw leac!era, lnolud lQS R To upreaa h1a U.gut with 8Qll1Yan1 a 4e'liou nnr

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181 ot talebeu!Dc, J- ltopheu, tbe l'to1an ohS..t, oau-4 b1a 1 the telal-Mttlor (em the analqr aet;ter 4oa) and SUll1 Yan, perbapa r-.... tull.J. publlabecl an appeal tor a Pair Trial Pwld. ao tbat tbe Pboenla pJ.aoDut "sht ban the beat 1epl I a14. Yet he no' Htlatle4 and wbJD, after t;be outbreak ot the 01.S.l War 1n Un1te4 Silatae, tbe Dab11D hniaa wsaaed. a s.na 1D D@llA 1ll nppon ot 'he Pederel sonrs.e!d;, lulll'ftll 1tal1ebe4 tbe naea ot --PeD1au s.n JUbllahiftl the --rlhlp ot the oomdtt" aet up at Roeaa aD4 Uokbl '' nne Pl'C*n 'o tne k&l!lt-a !!!! 1tbUh at ,., tS.. auppOM4 to be 1;be Gl'pJl ot the Pell1an 8rotblrboo4. ,_., 1D S.ta --Penlan IIOY-nt 1Jl Irelan4 opp0M4 bJ R.-n Oatbolle pS.atlMod an4 b7 --!at1C!!h It waa laPP-'-" b7 l!!Np aD4 tba &a lilt ratnek BJIOtber hood. wh1oh tuM4 to \ll' an extent tbl"oqb tbe ottarta ot I Oecrp 11enJ7 MoON. lobft Mltobll, too, 1ntereate4 lD 11be BaSnt JIN'heJibCM4, lMt ... ps.os.ou ot Koon, and he wote to lobD O' .. Mn7 to .uaeat how 111 OOQl4 be uH4 '''be e PenSaut H1a ol'pllit;loa wlU sacn be but; thoQFl ..... lbl7 1e111 and opea, lt will aa4 _.t MhNl17 aeek to oODMot ltae1t w&h 11ba11aoner oret ohlu -'lou be soilll ,_, la to r 1 in otlwr ww4a,

PAGE 157

1t wlU be an organintlon looking to nvolut1on1 fOftlp aid and _.. ar leaa 4lreotl.J pNparlng ror that, though te tM .,.nt within the forma ol the law Y011 Med lad apprehend tbe lntlueao. f/6 CleBe Moore. I tblJak we haw ao tten tbat w aball a uae ot Jda, Dot bl ot ua. ftle sr-.Jihoo4 ot Pati.Sa, tbat tlo be tlbe _...,, 1 tS.oa to eiah Mltlbel bad NteHMa1 a'baoi4MMt I lfttlo tM JPlan aeYant talse4, t;hla bllt a atsep lD tt. artb ot tba p!waaal ,_.. -ntl pKOI' to tbl appeaNDOe ot the I&!! PtORlf ill liAe PFmh J1. Pelpip. 1818-111 Ill tm pNaeat ..... roh the J)lreloal tore sa Ireland baa beea taMCl INlet to l'FII. Ill 1711 U; ,..._ uao-olate4 with RJ*Itlloald At tlbat tt. ''' adbereld:a were awN that an Iriah eulhft ulate4 bqt ,., WN llM ft1'7 ... p]J' tauoM4 '-7 '' w..c, ... lldll tbe Iftah.-.rl4ae, Jobn o ... bsaf, saw tbe .... JPas.aa B,_MI'h004 to tba ,. .. ,s.a, _....s.. satl ot Wb.leh be obJet, 414 tlw tlftlll.tl7 ot NJM'bllo' tbe an'f'lll f4 Iftah eulture aa4 JIQ'aloal to ... e .. illtlo bebc. 'fbi trlld.-,. t 111atel7 aeeepW Ia Al'1oa aDI Sa IMlaad. woh Mn Roe "" ,..._ t '' Ill th18 --tloa, t.S.lnlle ot -. et tM hnlaDa wbo eXM\tteCl t h1a pel'tl in tlw WWlalJII fit 19181 PatrS.ok B11117 ...... 4e .. I'Wa .-- 1 aoe .. be14 a UllJ4'U laM lD taa. bean a ot Iftah n .-4 Iriah ... a. "-7 de acmp '*'' b1a lab "17 naM pu1ect into a JIIIICWeft !'o .,.. ODeaelt

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trS..d ot oI>oacmm R Mant Sn the daya ot OQr 'o a ww -- a h1a4 ot Irel.an4J lt ant IIOI'el 1t ant o ow cmeaelt a ,_., Irlahaan, an t Iftah an t lftah .. .,. .. it 70'l w1111 nakecl and 11M8NW4. Raa not -].y ext...-, I but he NJ"Mn\ecl tbe lift wlnc ol ,,_ -,mwelliat' Bob cml.7 would be 'haft lnlad hee, bQt be would haYe IN 1.a4 O.el1o. Aid biN w ba,_ ._ MONt ff Raa 1 a pOWJ-1 M .... out ot b Oae. 11c tN41t11ca. !Je ot the QeelJ bl thoQaht lD a Claello ft7J M .,-. Ill Oae11o J ttJr tlle JIDcllah lw ha4 a bod .... that t1notured wltlh oontpt a. upe thlll an 1nter1or .... ,_ ..,..117 an4 1ateU.etuall7J be 4eap1M4 'hltb ellllM tlGDJ I. aoeka4 n t!wlr lianltutloDa and M4e UMa 1oo1J rSAll-.lc lobn ox..., 'l'bl alpltS.Ooe tabla tmlt7 bu been 111aae4 beoaue a th1r4 S'9tant Plan leader, Jolm O'LMI'J', WD luken 8 toward OeltlOlaa. tth8 apl.u.at11oa 1 a!aple. O'JiahCID7 ad JlGiaa 11Ye4 out their llYea ezllaa 1n Bew YOJike O'LMJIJ na allORCI. to ret\lftl to Ireland in tbe 'l&l*lea and Uftel, 1n DeUD, untll bla tt.a'h. U. beoa 1 aOOD after h1a """"" a 11'JIU7 l1on a4 OOJUildered aoat ploture"' aur-a nor ot Penlall t. 111a ld.pltl-.nM ... lwis'b'e.e4 b7 hJ.a aotlft.tiea aa pftaS4nt ot 'be YOUDg lftlaft4 Se"J1 and B. YH' on tM heated 41aoualcm.a 1n whloh he panlo1pete4 at tbe Np.lar lac or 'be soes.etr, tlt!Mt .,.._ ... 48batea, t.-O'X..17' oODWraatl, aDA tr. Iriah boolra M lent; ar gaft baa OCIU all I haw "' ., ba4

PAGE 159

1 to aS. And 1n tM aame Sa, h4N10 Oolwl wr<*e ot I o:r..,.,, Wltsh that ftlle17 .Ulla4 bla4 ot hla dMopiDa a llttle, INt ,., without o_..lCIIIl .. aa et bla beJ.Jaa ' ot plaN 1 he wou.l4 P" a14e ' gather1nga tha\ In &Q-a tetsaatloal enOQ&b gatbl:ringa wJW t tbl r ... tsl tJil a .., or a new liDlca !Jtlah 1Ddepe:ndeDoe. ftle7 w ould haft Ida t!wre1 thoae 70WI& n,, because tblre Sa b!a YJ.rfti, an intes:r1t7 that pw a 8pblt\111 -walue to wGI'cla aD4 HcLoe ana__._. b1a lato a Ntraia 1n the -.t :ringing fill ld.a pa.a,anotber d.tKUoated. to h1a tsbl 110ft ap1r1te4 ot bla p1eo And a Nallat fill r 8'Deratlon, \:t. ao.t aor14 writer hla oae'17 Jal pro..... 1 wrote ot b1a tuneral tbl pualfts ot a bOll --cat a aha11ow peepS.. ox.,. JdMelt baa told ot b1a ecawNica 'o pllpS..al toroe 1D UMa a 8CIIatt.l la .. .,..r 19H, While "oon.lq tr. a fe'nr, I aoroaa 'be, .. ad -7 ot Dnt.a, reoentb 4ea4hl'hapa l' .,.,,.,.. ... nc*1 or tbe eft'eot P"4l1Met to 1a7 I tben ,.., ..... .. 1__. ......... ola- f/1 Obrla.S.aa oall A 'bnet aooo.at ot bla aot;l'd.t lea ,.,11 1868 alftadr bHft &in 'but Olle peot ot O'x.u.t"' uaoot.atloa. with r.1 baa bHD_a.ittl .. a .,._ wlti.naa ot J- ,.lntan Lelor W.. ool.l.eoh4 u4 publl-.. at't h1a ... th, wi'b an 1Dtro4uot1on ... neou.o,i ... aD4 a brief lt7 J'olm otr..r,,f Ill a la'er ...... tlOD .m7 -.., lael.u41Ds h'rhk !lem7 PMPM (Pe4NIAI llaollarla), 'lf8'N 'o IMl tM .a.tra,lcm wblob oLeur te1t; tOJr .r.l.ea

PAGE 160

'fbe aaa baala ot 1osto aJ reae tbat hiapaaa1on, tlbS.h iJipftaMCI Jobn ox..rr, to_. otNte4 and .. whioh .U.olc Clann Duft'7 " D.Otshli& to the 41apoeae .... ,., Yn h1a 1ntluenoe ,...4 powerfu.ll7 'bJtoqb. tOMl am! otbera 1 1 StlaacU.ah o' ON4y -right 1D a uJl8, .r.. u'obel throulll 'be Il'1ah-Ar-1oaa 'o Henry Oeep, lllobu1 V.Ytt till (we 11114) Ia a 4Q lt .-4 1ntellaot and heart ot J- OOIIDOU7 an4 Padftlo .. oltana .1 l>ieoau-a ... lq Wet a 4Mth, 01 X.17 sa up thOl.lst*a I ot pbploal forM '11 lilt -..., ... 01'UDI to YMta, J- 8ta.pbeu 41aeonN4 hSa lJl a babltl '1Y1'71 aepbeu1 the fOWII\Ser ot Pen1an1a:m1 had d.1aOOft'N4 bla MaNhiaS aeeon4-b8nd tor rare e41tlou, aD4 olled h1a Ia hia Ol'gan1aat1on. 'Y biiW D.O .,_, .. .r O'teIT W NWt 'bat lt w111 be soo4 te t1 ot the oOtUrt;r,r' \mft hSA PM' woJ), a wU1 Jolla the tbat I "r adecl 'o emao1 O'Dai:Mmm Rae On the other Boeaa exp..S.-e4 no auddAm ._..,._ aiad to a ae,antl' !be S.lah. peop1e ... "'""P .. 1 tra41tlC11'1 wbat MIQ' people leaM tNa book blat..,. Bet .. % Na4 a book, 'betON I eww Wilt 'o ohool, I .. lldlo rq alD4 taota ot bla'OI7 wbieh appeaNd b11'841Die to I got lD'o ., _Jdnd h* tlW ltOl'lea ol .,. youth 'ba' b Bns11ah aol41era in oonYenlerlt to ,.... I bOft&, 11M4 to kill n, u4 u. 'be rouc ,_.. aD4 UDborn, .u poS.nta ot tMlr aDCl d.aah aplnat tbl wlla, aD4 that ttw ao en at Bb4ea Bridge uae4 'o ti n ill eoqplea wlth tbllr banda behln4 the11' baoka, and tllDa t sato 'he rift1'.4

PAGE 161

188 '1'h8 "17 nae w been hai'C!4t4 dOWD ill .-on.wr Rae' t..U7 swu) tr tbl Deae tba eatatea wb1u ha4 'bea t ... lblJ' taken troa 1t b7 HDcUah lnftd.era 1 ill a.-weua ,s.., l'M41 Didn't .Jolm :M1tc:Ml that Uao Dliatak. e OJt 1t wuL that Alii. l.an4101'411 .. ,. aot abotl aDI 41dn '' M .. 7 that "D'""liil ocatld ...-. tu tla.a ot bell, he woal4 .. t .. an4 wl .. lato tlw r ot hia 00Wl-t1'7' entartl D1dn't Pft71 .. 7 004 w1tt.r "P tlw1r beartaJ tlWll' bleo4 .,.. .. ' now, _, ,. lk ln living 4eatha ,.,. who po1aOM4 Onll Roe& D14a1t i ... Mll \la to tleah 'evJ7 awa.d M tM hilt' into tlW1Jt bodbta& D14n't J, oe11anan ,...,. -a heafthatc:me or bell be tbeU' laat bt4 fONftttl' '1'h1a tlero. _, .. 4 ot Bncl1ah orr .. b7 tlel'Oe 1oft tel' Irlabe JUa tlrat l.aDpap 'lltame4st,_ h1a wbO apeak no waa Oae11o, Be lmed ld.a .. teehlD 1ft that .laDpap an4 wMD lW atane4 'o aobool be ba4 ' l.Mm the Jlraalllh alpbabet tJatCN&h I tbe I:r1ah. In the lrJ tl:w t1Nalb be hMJI4 '.....S. ol 8 the ta1Jef.ea and how to thl He waa liP' '"41-1 t1o:aa1 lrleh cSanoe at.,., Be 1eal'D84 bow to UJI4erataft4 tt.t tJPe ot .,..u.. 1D pon..,-ttW wbloh w, 11, YHta later to

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1 be er1t1o!M4 OD tihe PGQftlll ot 1ntent1caal ..,..1" Ia-4M41 R Ma told that aa a 7caath lw ba4 IGIIII'thiq of a HJN I tatlon a poet P.U.iDc tiM tSa, 4uiq whioh bla tatblr died -.1 a ble hc.a brok ,.., R ataned a seaeral a'HN Sa lldb. bereen. Bu1Deaa 1n tlle eop aa o0Ddu0te4 In Mah ad the '1 ot it eeue4 -.. ,-..he waa vS.tll\c h1e f\,ctPtot&SIM tio thlak ot ,.,., 1ll tbat Tbe tlrat Irish-language book I -tro reN. a MGk ot blah, ... with tr.ulat1cna b7 :114...:1 Walah. I able to trbl IJ-tsh poeaa WS.tboat aJ17 book-study ot tiM lanpaap ftla n 1lbo saw tba book J<*n oDrtaooll -a gr.ncbon ot the Irtah poet, Jola oo111na, fd lben o:o.s..oou .. a national eehool teaaheP1 M ba4 been Q t.a Dwtblla Sa tbl tra1D1fta 1obool1 all4 be* h-. with hJa' About tlbt t 1M .. Roeaa 01*'*1 bla atlon, h1a lawe tfll! 8WJ'Ibhlnc IJt1ab bNaF' hla lJl tlcateh wltlh Jala OtDCIIU,..IIl1 pro-1 t Irlab at !1'1altJ" Da'blill. ol*l.,.., whe Sa 18e1 bed publS..W a aewn ecU.t1aa ot!!!!. hMil ._11& !S!l !ltrl w1th an eztca1'f'e ..-aloct.eal appea&ia, U'Olln4 Ro.aa btereat; 1t7 the ela1larS.t7 ot tblu nae ad tbl aoholu' aeeeP'e4 hl S:n.,ltatllaa. to .S.a1t b1a Sa Slrs:bM ... a. tlbll no .n .......... Npla and In b1e .!tool RoaM pablJ.aW tl on.cmm whleh are

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118 1 tQU of lftt.,_,lcm abc:Nt all ...-. ot Irlab ot pu-tleular lDteftd i8 a lat:r wD ... iD lSh 1D whieh or>oaOYU DaS.l oo .. u t bla laok ot Sdereat ill X.lah I eul-.. .,_. 1' wu Sa thla JMI' 'bat .-Pboell!x t1CJU1 a .a Ll'NI'J 8oe1ft7 !do belq Ill llclbbereen. .1- IMpbaDI pat an elM\ to tbll 11MNI'J' et SooldJ wban he .. lbOt.lt oJ111ailllq ''-Pc1an aonat 1Jl laM lll 1811. Bectcm ,., apnaa ba -.Jid ot ,. PhoeDSs leoie'J hca on-.,. no, oedSq '0 ...... ,.. aa ..... at eo1nllla an expNM1ft Claello naM hta more faOlU oct; ... PONJ7 .r..Ot .. "-:ra It waa Juea O' .. bOnJ t1n' sa .T-a 8Mpt.U the -ot ... _..., aea1 hawk. !be lbawc boelaohthe wuder1nc bawk a ... dftll Sa elan daJ8 to a bazme4 waderer. SupbeM, atJ ihl '-' ot 'bla .. gan1utlon1 traled 11\lOh of lft1alld on t.n, A nl&ht M .,__. ' 7q holae la lkS.bbereeD, Itile aoJ.a ot hla teii N4 wi'h bllatera.& .r- o .. :twar 41Note4 ltepblu te n no lnti'OdllM4 h1a 'o 'bl 8oolet7 aa4 ao ... u 4S4 ate,.._ .. hla 1lll'k tba' '-7 Oetober an &s.ah..-.r1oaa. .. w._., .. n' 40ft tJaGI ])ybUJl to Pft paN n t a tlcb' U.ten tbe u4 ,.ar the n tborlUa ha4 beo_. ao daNee! *bat.-.:, et 'M were .,. .... ... ..t 'bJicN&bt tlal or..., .. the ov ot 'rial ftepbeu -''17 ellu4ecl 'o paaat:ns UDIIar na.. Ott ... &ehaak. 1'bia a1aply a p1'oaaie ortle1al tlUDd 1. Roa sa 1 a l.ll. JP a sa ..an. Ibid ... 120. ... ... '79-80. a. Jtoaaa, K'J ... _P ... le rr ja 9Wllrh J!rl!OQ!t Rtoft ... PaF

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ulaSac CMt ot ,._ N or le S.sba11lft taot ,., 11ba peaaa1l111"J ot Oal'k aD4 Kan7 WON lll the :bablt; fit wb1oh I ulerataDd Ro.aa na apt 1D JJI'l at 11 Jul7, 1818 w1 thout belD& a tr1e4 an4 tben be NleaM4. Up lMftD& Oon lall, Roaaa retuned 11o Bklb'bereen wt.N bi .. Jaecl tbe looal author1 I tlea toreo4 h1a to lea 'own 111 1811. BefGN to tbe earlJ ao111Y1t1ea .r otber Peniau llft4 11-lr J'IlPI th1ur h_.ftr, lt ..... w1ae to 1D41Mto 11hat b1a ozperS..DMa 1n JaU bd not t0JIIelt11..t lobn 01Dcmcrlan' h1&h op1a1oa ot hSa. In 1811 at Btepbeaa' naaeatS., Roaaa wet up t;o Du.blill tttr tbe Maollanua ta.nl aDd U:aere be wnt to oDoaonns I oalle4 ia 'o 'blalQ... lda. In tbl roca with hill '"' ne oo....,. I bad. a 10111 talk wltll 11JIIa. SoliD 0 DODO"f' all&e4 M to tea alab* at h1a and JOQ,' aa14 he to 0'011J117' JCN 1117 aD4 oc.e ... Jo aa14 O'O\utJT, 'lnlt 1e R.oaaa -to rq boQao 'ba .;laoht after. I 11ol4 b1a I would not be 1ll DQbllll.-:;fhoae two n were 4eact, one 1ear at11or that daf. A11 o Dewan' houe 11bat Oftalq a t 11be prleat who n 11o edlt KaDPD' WOI'ka aDd wbo hiKt been an lDtS..te I ht1eDC1 ot t;l: pt, ReYoread o. P. I wnt to Jo)m oDoacwan' bou" that eftn1Da, and ' there !'ather IIHhan, tbe au11bol' ot tba11 book oalle4 '!M canteMrat.ioa ot Ul.lr.eae. We tal.b4 .r Pm1an1, or ot 'be eau tflr wbloh I bad been lateli-in Cork Ja11. I, u I OfN14, .t"a'ltS.4 rq be onglng o tbat oauo l'lt* tbat; 87 llori or 'be prteat ea14 a!Qtbt.q 1a oon4..,..,1cm or tbe oauae -

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lN' I waa ftftltlae4 id:aen I beaN lOba. 01Daa01ru 1a tba E!;:''! JftHMI, 'Dl pr1fate DR'' ltl.!DI. R'Dlt ' '*blr PeDS... -.4 Pei\Saa a,..atld.n l'D "'OQeot 1' .. ,., 'bt naMa ot O'Dclllot"aa, Jobll JJn.,, .,.._. ox.-17 aDil oenain wlte:ra wbo J..-thSae' wl'b 'be 1Wl1au aboal4 1M edde4 '* ot Jabn o LN17 aD4 oDouwan Roaaa Sa a ... uera,lon ot the .. onh ot Paian ao.I_D, f 18158 ,. l.llae :bl Ylew ot 'be llnS.OJ "' oDcmona lloeaa aD4 1o1m oeo.a, 1' la not _,.,..s.alna 'ha' 'bl aona ot 'bl latzlhou14 baw bMa ., .... .. s.o Ple .,. ,, oDaotaa Sa hla r...- Ylai' ' the h.-ot Jata oDtawna, 'he _..., Iriah olMala ...... Sa ti:INe 01111 or la,,.,., I laolu4inl ..,._.,, who 'be eldMt. la lt ebnlSDc Mwmd .,.. lA ot .._. oOUrJ, JabD oc....,. OIDono'fan1 b., ba4 MI'Pie4 a Ol.awWDI liD ot ...... Kns11ab 4eaoen' 'llboM W a taN then, ...... ... ts.a apent their ftoat... Bupa. O'OlU'l'J, .,_. sreat Oael1o aoholar, rrlect be:r alne, aDd b1a -l.a. oa. f/1 ea:rlat N oralta ill Bd' Oblle.a Jotm DnOJ t'lnt ataeted ._lead at 'be tS.. I ot la'loaal Pnl'S.. ...._, ID 1110. u. am Sa wile .,-.111..._ a O.lle elaua

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lal '1'b8 -.al who .,. Sa, JOMph oo ... u ooallapan1 f1l Katnu-k. ., next 'o oDemm Raa aD4 tbe oeat nol'\11 ter 1a IH-laDit Tbe awar1DtE lD done 1D AleuD4er 8ulllftn1a editorial roca SA the Jl''l ottt.e. oOallapan 414 n-' leam f1A7 Ir a c:al7 JolM4 the olaaa to plok Gilt NOJIU.Da.l AMGIIdiD& to DewJ, Pe.lall reoftltlns apnta wre ,anleu-8 larlJ' meoeaar-al ill tM DQblln a.s.a. TbJtauab tbl et'torta ot a oaaalll ot nub wteNna ot Papal Bat1 .... were a alao I'OON1te4 tbf'N&b lo!m O'LMJ7 bad a low oplaloa ot tlwR n w. a. Yeata 1D anotMr onneotlca ,..U'a latera ftlllre waa an eultable -n who bad tCN&b* t the Pope aplnat Iklla patriota and Who alwf8 a white hoJtal Ia a&r Datlaaallat proeeaalau. Be sot; an be417 or..a17 who ba4 told hill att..pisto oppteaa -'bara na a ., ... .. ,.N,lOD t llberat 1Da 70Ul' own aMmtJ7 .1 It ,_141M llltereatlaa to Jmaw 11bat oX..17 ot tbl Preoh & Parelp Lesl beoaue Dnor nliatecl 1D. lt 011 J1e7 1, 1811, aDd 8 waa abaent rr. ONII8nt tor at laaat a ,..ar. Before t\lftllaa to a eana14erat10D ot tlwt wrlten tbetS.O to PeaSaDlaa 111 lta eul7 4a7 la I:Nlaa41 ao.e ntlOD al:a.cNld be de ot r_. O'Leai'J Jobn O'Lea17 had been tlwt rebel 111 1868 who ba4 ''-J*e4 'o lltlll8a tblt 4laatteotlon ot the Il-1ah aol4S.ra 1D the Baallah aftl7 lo further attempt were utll lae I.D l8eS e-n r..- or.aJT anlftd. 1D a O.lWIIJ tr SO.'OA. Upca b1a arriftl 1D IrelaD4 be aa 11.

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1S2 1 po1nt;e4 11o thla work 'b7 J- h-r-u J ollll Dn.,., who waa later to the aae \aak, baa teet1tle4 \o 'll Papn'" a suooeaa at bia jd:t. alan 11o 8t. Pau1ok1 an4 ot hia 41ataate tor nlcari..M4 a'JIIbola a ot Ir1ah Dat1aaa11'7, lt 1a uatanunate tbat ne't'er t rasa o Lea17 who amre4 bo'h 11M to ... r an4 latr ep1n1ou. Ot wntera IJIII)e11M111e to Ptm1an1D prior to the ape pearanoe ot lr1!h rtople, tollOid.J:a& are notablea c. ol'aette, Obarlea Uoldaa, O..p SS.,.raa, Darb7 a,_, B.D. lOJM1 u4 WlllJ.aa Carlet-. Tmlr work appeaft4 both 1D per1o41oala and 1n boob. !'wo Irlah per1o41oala ln whlob tbe wr1tlqa ot Penlan IJIIIMlth1aerl appeared w:re the Celt and t:ta. n1uatntef .Tqp.Epll. Kent loD baa alreeclJ x;..te ot a ot Uok 8 10 hall' 1 to !Ill Ctl!, san ot tM Oeltle 'On1cae o. M. G'EHI'te, u who waa l\\baequa1117 'o be uaoo1ate4 wlthJE!E PtopM, and Robert Dwf!r lC1JM al8o ecatl'iliQ'e4 'o lt. To tbe Ulytnted 1a pgblln lOJJl!al, out.t, lOJM. and Blpnon aDd lt .,. laft been the laat DaM4 wbo ate.pte4 to 4ehD4 J_. a 10. u. 11. 11.

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1 .. ophenon Jn an .. 7 ent1t1e4 Op1ea&o foeWa Certain 1' la tbat _,.. ... \be. tlrat 'llbo aaw aDd appno1ate4 Ml'lta ot OMlle ,._,..,.. Aa .. haa theM po.u, ao tar u pnu1ne1 ' lite x.J.ah .,_l,loaa, tbe"J oenalnly ha4 bMn neg].eoted ., tlw Irilb, aD4 a1 lowed to reaaln UDpubl1abe4 an4 ulrauPm au .... DMNCil brought 'him to light fit SOt*,1ah fllaa BJioGld, Wal.Dr Har4111an an4 aore reeeld w1,ere, haw 4one Juat1oe Oaa1an1o poetrr anA U. plllu ol Iftland, but 1' n nft be torso ten t 1D1tlatlw ln bringing thaH ocapoa1t1ou to tl llpt ot 4117 waa taken b7 .T._ opbencm.s Poeu lt7 Klc'tb aJI4 Dan, I:Jaza appeaN4 ln an antMlos7, l!J!. TiPP!rtrl wnl, 'tlh1ah 1a f/1 ,..llar lllteNat beaaue 1' OODhtu4 'I r .. lel' aa4 'he Gt I OIBYB 1 l.IRIKUII TBB TIPfiRARY BEDO A OOLiaOTIOII OP 'IJIB SOlOS 8r!TD BY 'rHB LlfZBee.l O'RYdeOC.CIIJ.;r UC.R AS DlllBY RYAW, 'ID POA'l', Dublla, l.Otl,.,.-o. Among tbe pleoea la KlOkJwa' Bella4 ot Sheehafl.' It la -.b a allpt oollM'lr'*' lt ocmta ina ,. ra..aa l,..lel' .-4 Cleat, ot whioh a,.n, or oa,aa waa 'he a'dhor. He a utlYe Oil S.naba,. wblr be nl7 S4e4, and 41e4 'be" Sn llaroh, 185&, qed aa.r The p-tel4 bow a cJartA& Bauba poU..-n arreatect a s' Jtlekbaa, ... ,, .. ,lq plp tw 'be pat 1 ueed tha -altuat801l 1ll !a lla .2K ItBB wbloh eauae4 a. YN11a Sa an .... ,. em Carle'Gil 'o deolaNt lila equala 1a glOGIQ' aiM\ ...s. power. K1obM1 aD4 lola Belll, had nothlng Gr hla Oeltle maaou.r. Olw alcme at&Dda a h1a 'm" Cbart.a ot 'l'lpperaJ7 .._ aoeM ot tbe pig-d.riYib& peelAra iD 'Pal' Wle Old I.eDI la qual to the beat et tba Tral' aa4 'oa' ._,, then, 1w n

PAGE 169

Oar laton' tate:ul117. Betwen hill and 'be llte told ot laJ ,..r. in _.,_, 1eQs Pen1an ass.t:atlGil, an4 pu-t!S..l rer:a.pa 11011t eelebNted u ot tbe r .. ler aDd tM oaat wu I S.ll Penlaa pla7, Dl Jl1a tpg 91., .!!II !IS ADd eYen late ltae, lt appMNd Ill a booJE 1 Bftl1e 0'Kalle7, .2a Anotblr !p' Wqyp4. an "''Ple ot aonp and ballM!a ot the I peeple aD4 ot ,. laN1. AD in'eHat of a aiallar na"'" be tOllDd SA a book ot poetn b7 Roben DQer l o,.. tioh appeare4 1a 1811. Pw n'* OGl7 JOJM PH'17 adm.I.N4 Q lobn 01X..J'7, but al.ao w. B. Yeata pftlHcl the 1n a I'M'iMr, Whloh 4oea not 'o been npr1Dtle4, t an obMUI'e paper, %!!!, ;raG P1F!l4t ODe 1D NY1n 1a alp1t1oant u both an eats-to ot lo.,ee and u a nat...nt ot Y'' Ylen on tlw art or ballad poetJ7 a Ill th1a '-* 'Bellad.!, R-.noea, 8114 a.a, JQb ltaNMS SA el, I 'UIIl O't'or --laawa l ... le .. Dil after ot LS.Ml'iekt u4 ,. oou.n,S.a aoet Sa-M41ato1J S.t, .-boa.J.ecl 1D 'ftrH a-JUJtJ peat, ,., noh w1l1 'en 'he billa aDI ,,..... t .al\7 a lena 4a7 with r1 '1'ba ala ot balla4 WJ'1tr 1a noi obareoter or paaaion the at017 1a w1 th hta. Be ohoa.ea elJiple wOJida tbl', C.n tbe7 ... Mrnd. s.r p1ll"pCMM01 atep aai4o aa4 ettaoe t!wllaelwa. '!'he ol4 PJ.an ot tba Blaok Robber 18 a beauts.tul lnatan' l'll MDt1an'"l Oart.t' ba.e ill .._.otloa with that ot autbora taolded17 .,..,.,uts.o h 'bl PenS.an aO'faaen', pemape a

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Ilia' 1a Yet 'llben h1a DOM 1 abCII.lt a "bel lr1ah ohlet, fttcl!pMt O'lanlw1 appeaN4 SA 1811, it eontallw4 an appeDtlx b7 n ... 02a1111 1Al'b7 Wllleh ' tenh tM h1,,_.. .. 1 eJ.ala t 1 ,aa. W lD Jilt Ittfd!IK!4 !ln',l Itt wb.S.eh M ..... to haft wt.t 1n 181'1 M ue4 tt. r.1an .,..._, tw lta t.ok-1 p......S. 1.r1th fttp1f. l8Hl.N In 1883 l- B'ephea wrc*e Olal'k r..t.J, who t lD .-.rua, ten h1ll ,,_, bl beUeftd a wul4 1Do:rMae PeD1ans appaaeolabl.J'. Tbl tlratl IU!Iber Ir1th ftnlt appeaN4 on IONI&Mr 18, l8e3a '1'bt Ng1attre4 wu nc..a Clara J.ub7t the pub11abtr,1 Jere.O!Dancwan (Roaaa)J an4 ._ plattr, Johll Halt.11an. '!'be 4t41tor-1n-Oh1et .Tobia O'l'.-171 and Clara Illbt an4 Oharlta J 1IJIItft \&. oh1et writer Deb D. lbtlaalq tba nb-e41torJ .,. .... oCcmnor the book:ktper, aDd Cornellua oMa h_,. olerlc.e All aaal7ala ot Il!b Ptopll la now 1D aD4 it bt 41 Yi4M lD'o a 4laouaS.Oil o1 ''-.,art with ... ._,1 ot 'hi olJtauld loa ol tbl paper aD4 a t..p ocu14era,1oa et ilbe stan aJMI Oll'olllat1oll Be tar natt ID4 .s.,..ulat1 ot trllh l opJI s.a ._.__., it 1a o be&lD with ,. edit Aeoord-

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1Da to labll step:t.u at t1rat tano1e4 h1Jue1t tS.t tor the pt but atter tm tlratl three m-"r ot tbe peaper tao1tl7 pw ime Job upa "Be tberl re1apM4 11ltso a aU.nee wh1oh I ne .. after vp4 h1ll to bftak, te -, tbl ,. tbat; ftepbeu ... M4 tso wlte I M7 M .. u to lwn 4et11\ltel.7 aaw.d tbe e41tor1 ablp Charlaa l lt14tkhp1 Oe Me O'I.Mtt aDd Clarke hlbJ 8la0 wroi;e e41'..S..1ae Of fstJNe 1 EiokbaJa deHrftl QM1al ntloD not betaue ot hla 11MN17 ablllt7 b\tts alao beoaue I ble hlt fir tM Pen:l-.a utll hia death lD 1888. Be bCII'Il lll lhllU.boae, o.-7 aD4 a11 hla JIOtmr' au. bl nla'ecl Jatm o .. h-r who nore b:la ln'o 'be pb:Jaloal teJ'M ..,. ,. ID. tsb.S.a o_.otlaa 1' be that ,..,.. ldeJt bl .S.llYer tbl ....... w. or.t1011 a' 0111ah.tm711 I bUla1. Bla eulJ.Ht w1'laa .... to haft been tor e Bat19D, aDd h1a Oan,r11N,1ou '0 D!. OeU bepn la. 1815'11 Here appe_..4 aOM 1:6 b11 beat ... tS.O.l pleoea' lD ol.w!J.Da ''I'M IJtltlh Peaant Ob-11 all4 '11017 ot be HUlae T Arl app.NO!a,iOD ot ldward W.1ah an4 10M exoellent alletoMa ot Irlllh s-aaats 1lte1 nob 'Aanle oBrS.en alld -n. X.aM Sa Rewn1CD1 auo ,, ..... 1.'7 Xaber, wre tlnt prt.Dte4 tbia excellent 11ttle wek17 s : ohlptera ot Knoolmlgow, a aerial, alao nn Sa 7lle whloh oerta1nl7 414 1' pert pol1tloa11J iC!Uoiti'the people u.4 np allw the ol4 aplJtl' ot lla.

PAGE 172

XDo!Jmt&QI, nfel"Nd to 1a t:t. alMrV'e tuatli, e'e4 1 a .. rial J.ntbe DQI)1SD Welllf" hFllrrO, wbioh s ect1te4 -Ue!rhw e fllteD4, ae.r ltaeraon. !be peralnent popalutlt7 ol 'ba book Ill lNlaDd aD4 ,. aclld.rat10'1l tor S.t I wtbor' 1lhNI7 alt111'7 .,.. ..... b7 own-, 1o1m Bztl&b,, I Pa'lr llattbW RWIH11 Pather a. 1. BNwa ahoql4 be --paN4 w1Ul ltepbeD CJw)a' Bat;lauU8t INlaD4 ae eepte4 Oberle U.kba' Epoo)m a peaaaat' ,,_, ot 11te t.a !l.....,J '-' lt ._not be NplldM 8 aa UtONtu-e. JloRwaa, thla H1 MlobMl Breatlmaah ,,_.,. eaoup ot 1t 'o tNUlne lt lido Ir1ah tor pab-1 11Mtl01l ill liO'Ie 10 uw.l, ... ll oeu .. Dl. UpteMptt4 CIDJ!. tirat aPJMftd aer1al11bl1e K1old'M ..-kine tw I!! u ltg]t a4 wbta 1' :J!QlSeMcl. Ill beok fOI'Il 1a 18111 he J814 llntte to h1a enhblle o dleapae ill ,.., ... ... orl'bSzac 11 Roeaa .n 4eToM4 ot tblll aU. 1 a. t 10. u. 11. l.ae u. 110 1816, P M.

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i 2 t1an Lon&feUow, a.n. IOJO ud AubNJ De VeN ahoul4 aleo be nt1CIIled, InleecS, ot De Vere 1 K1okham wratse J ".lubre'1 De v_.. 1a, pelhapa, our pteehR poet 'TS.. a p1t17 be 11 not more n-3 .IUoua and more ot a lJJ'11tJ." Bow -.s.ng lis la that w B. YHtla ' lt1o1Je lU.okbaa tor l.MJd.n& a "aensuwa Jllla1oa1 YOOalN' larJI" Pemapa tbe t lDMNetln8 'hlDa aboat IC1ekham' WQIIk tor !!h PtOJ?II la thatJ tbl taak ot tlcl*1Ds tm honll1t7 ot & tbe R-. Cathollo hSaJtaNlq Pe.Sanlaa waa to hla Lub7 and. ox..n. '"" leaa llapartat, IJ1 aplte ot b1a a4111n I t;10G tor x.ab7 1 o LeaPJ arit1e1se4 hS.a e41torlala tor Irl$ Peopl! aa aot alwa78 too Hl7 t a na&tr ot tbe preaeld da7 tullJ' 't> UD4eratall4," Otbetfe 1a ldeNetJSDg beoauae1 lib 8 Ra.u, be waa a JAwer ot Ift.ah ulfsuN aDd haft been rea ponal'ble tor allaa the ed1t01'1al pas-, oeoaal-.117, a alJ.Ftl.J O.e11o tlaYor. 01 the bulDea atatt ot Jtlfl\ !!Dll. z ... ocamor aDd Jobn llalt1gan ..ntlcm well aa All tJbree N oel'hd. jail aentenoea wtwn Irlah People wae n.ppNaae4, ftoa .. and Bal'lpn, after \b.e1Jt releaM, ns.n.4 ltral 'o 'bllr M-10 11et in pb.JalOal tare aD4 Sen'*' ' AMrlea, oCoanCIII', howYer, at.,.ed in lft1aa'l. Be to.aD4 .-p,..,_nt an tlw lz'1alpa,p 4.08.

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l.at aD4 ew.ul17, 1dltn 'bl pa.-r bOught b7 ,.._111 .be._ 1 e41' After 'he et D.oldlam, oOonnor began 'o aeoept ot aonl auaaloa up 'll lta Ir1ah I ..!!!.!. re.lu4 an 'IIDattS.S..l hilS.. waan. '-reattal' bl 4rlfte4 ao rar r.. ..Ua fill .-ollat1onar1ee ' beoo.e a--1 ber ParllaMn' Sa 1-. A tn worcta about tlhe ol..,.ldlOD ot Ifh Pnple alao .... ..U.C \o a qaea,lGDable aouree, peaa..-n' a1Jin.la,lOD ot tM paper 'hll't7 thoaaaa4 aopSaa a 4 -* .O..,arlftc t w11:h that ot h1a own paper, the Btt1grb At !ulllftD I' u.Uaoe enAbled ua 1n the lfat1ga attlOe aa, u 4Glb,, 1' cabled GoYen.ent ilao-' ...... taln eubatam1a117 wbeN Penian aa4 nart:..Petdan .._ t1ona11 pre'Ya1le4e D awept aU before lt aongat tbe Il'1ah 1n Bnglan4 &4 Sootlatld, alaoat ann1h1latiD tbe tU.laloD el tbt 'fti' Sa ..,-plaoea north a:ni! a oath et tbe laee4. Oil t.r han4, 1n Ihlan4 it r able to approaOb caar ln o1Jtoulat1cm a WrltU. of boW be :t.Jpe4 418\rt.bll tlJI pa,.r, Jolla DIW7 Sll h1a Rttollt!t10M, ......... .U' Iaaae BQ'' 8114 aotbe n n'Neru..a. AaJil JobD O'X.17 1ft an e4ltoria1 at 'be eD4 ot 'be tlrn ,... ot ada,.... fll Ir11h Ptop3f na\eda It 1a no boa' bla' ablpl.7 t plala tnth, to r that no paper hae 11 ... ao long an4 a' b e time apt ao atea411J publ1o Jd.a4 'be aaa SH' eD4 .. 11at1caal .. aDI1. ... are' an ...... reaMn .. '1'bt ol4 .,, GMNw4 bJ the pea'

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nhoS'7 fill o o oenell, .a 'be Jd.D4 ot DaYle o Dll.ll4 ......... tau plaJ 1n a oCMntl'7 Wld.eh a111U laa taeS.aul:J ' a belief Sa aoral tONe.l o., Banas 4la0Qaae4 ._ 'att aD4 Oin\tlatlca rd l& Ppop1f, an UOCNDtl of l' otJea.tt8 ia 'lw ltem-tl qudae !be ooldent be 41Yt4e4 mo e41,w1al .-4 'rial ad w1U be ecmai4eN4 1a ._, _...,.. !be edlors.ala be taken Hn.ot ..us.a1. eo .. so an4 eul.,.al beU.ta ot ,. Pes.ane. MltoJital folf.q f.U,loalll', ldlll rwlt, or oourae, ..... phpleal toroe ...... a 414 aGts .ue 1' .. 1t JMJt ., ttw r.. fill sow a at 111 ftllll4 wiah re an X..lad., '*' prabebl7 s. apee4 t Lon4ce eutap Da'fi4 Jell, eo aaHned. tba' ,. UD1te4 z.sa.n w ... a .. pa'bU. c ._ llnl thOH .. t \1p Sa ._rua an4 ....... kllh bfRI! l.Miaad. upon tbe tbalt .. aot an hla, ...... 1 DIIPle et the -.. '-117 ' ""1' -wt JlaalaDII, 1ndl alae a aoeoe ot Mb ln. 'he ...,.oltloa t whleh lt waa PNJIIII'ba ftaaa, S.., Ola7 n NJ*'Mcl M ._ ... seMct -, ... ,. ,..,.. .... ,., INlDI dMla" .,. ID .. ad. petltl ,. lbllte4 ftatea. bilaltll1 8 fMJt of

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Irlah 1D .Aael'1oa SlYen a a .. aa tor otOarmeU'a w.ooeaa 1 1n aOhleY1Jas Oatho11o Bllaaolpat1oa. HawthOJIM oe.plS..Dted tor-what an JIDsllah per1o41oa1 ba4 4eaorS.bed aa hia lU-natuftd I .... ,.. on Kraal ad. Bonoe a atteJMian .. at a Penian a ploale 1a Bew York waa cJaaq PeJtlapa no paper Sn ZW..ope oarrled more AMrloan newe baD :kllh Popl!. Yet lt ntul.q abatat.4 ts.a 1lftDI t:l ten to eltblr aide 1n the ClYil War altil-sh lt 414 pt'bU.h an aooOQnt ot c:ae ot
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''11N4t ot Ir1th P!ftlt ta.al'd MNl euaelaa .. 1 NflMtM ID 'bl IJM4Ib "J Dllll1e1 Jell a1Ne47 nftrNCl '- Ill 1t M told he. -.r1tan U4 bee a;p1ol'e4 ltJ law .a Ill JmclaDil Ill eplM ot all taUlr aas.atl-. alld ,.,1,1 .. a4 ,.. .... Pos-'bQ 4i4 petl'loa (no,JlO)J_ ob Jet lM' 414, 'Q 'o a etnala point (gNat .-..saa1. llat Il11 MU JOU wt.tl 'MJ wr 414 ''l'M'J -ct.pa4e4 bJ eendJaa AMrleaa to 1lt or "" ID the JbaalJ.ah par1Sm (t.eDM obHI'.t.q) . LSbwS.., IrlE Ptlt tftr qalek 'o warn lt Nader -bd a aD7 put'17 .. a4 _., .. ,1t1pa'Saa t Pel.D. tsbl tXIIIIple ot--B'UDpl'l.all .._...,,_._,l'NI who M4 NfuH4 'o ,ant.olpe' 1D 'bl .&u'rlaD Rthblrat aat abltDt a fltca ..... VD11b the lhnrl-, .._._., Ir1fb PttRlt watt4 o-plett .,. .. ,s.ca. Val.S.ata wre oa1le4 ... .-1 8 Bl'laaa. An'lol,.tlal Deqlaa a,dt ad Cltorp au .. t11 1D. a deaift 'o be 1'14 f/1 poJNlar llMNt't&N .. llanM ffW thl lnalllh _, .. ,, Irlfh lnpl! Wt Jaw ,-et wild n..
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D:tP.I'M!f"IH' met ntl4e ,. a oa ana. .. baw ao DM4 ot nob .... thoae tbat u ...... *MM pQblloa,1-., an4 ... ao:Nllu tbab ........ LS.laewlae, 1t oppoeecl all rea. f1ll ..... lalla, u4 Jraallah Sa-a per1aU ot all. ADd aS. 1t rep!l'ded 'M O:rc:MD the aJIIbol or JIQallah laperlalla, 1t upNaH4 utter 41apat te tlw nat of the DQblJ.D pNaa wben 1t wlo-.4 the Pftnoe f/1 Walea 'o INlaid .. !11M PtopJe wnt baolc to Valu.l Irieh I n tor adhC11'1'7 tbat INJaJIII ahoal4 'be aelt ... ls..M. It 411 e r.N4 rrca SSim hiD, 11h1ah no elau 4la,iao,t..a, Sa wleb-SDa tbat tlll alosaa oa.lfta Al be 84o,_e4 b7 ,. Uldu pr1nlap4. a eppOMCl elllpe'loll 011 CHU4a tbat Iftah-n eov.l4 tlpt Jballaa4 1101t etteotlw17 1t 'be7 l'-1M4 at I ba' tt e4 IIIIDJie Mt5er1allat1e .....,,. ,,., lD. appeal-I.Dc o labor ab4 tbl taNer ftala, In an e41tort.al 11b10h lftDM4 ,., pr1n' pNpenJ t had rlsh' tbe wlter addMa It 111U, thlak1 .S.S.tM4 011 all haada 'bat Jabaar _, 11 at the '7 fCNDdatlou ot

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Tndea' A!!OC1at1on were replarlJ reoOJ'Cle4 after Pebru17 u, 1 1864. A IIJI801al OOI'R!pcmdent Nponecl tbe WOk!!n'a OC!!IE!!! I .11 #11p!M lll lonlllber, liM. AD4 at a la elate an 1M abOQt 3 :D!I. K1prJt J[ WOfk!cep nprllde4 tr. Dt1ll 'l'elemRh So tar a tM tar.r 1a oonee,...4, !fh Pec:mlt :s-rt1catlar17 ocmoemed tor 'be tenant who p0111t1on, 1n 1t opt.nS.GD, l'eMIIble4 that ot a WOftfttl 'l'be lri!h unt 1 little able to a talr bsa1D with h1! laftd.lord 1n reterenoe to a tara aa tbl taot017 with tbe mataoturer ln ret enoe 'o the ot la'Na'e Ib ftoRl! ta-._..4 a peaMllt 6 pJtOpl'letur. ADd 11bea Dlaraell told Parls.-nt tbat tlw United satea waul4 -' attaolc Can.U beoaM the latter a land demooaq, lt 114Y1H4 Irl!h teiUlD11! o M tbels-bol41zasa ao I tt.t IN1Aia41 '"' lliaht bHGIII one. Yet Clll ODe OOOA!1oD Ih Ptopl! went o tar to propoH tbat the land !boul4 be 1oDs to tl oo.am1tJ a4 ahcall4 be pai'MllM aut bJ tbe State 011 noh tera aa ee JIOd oonduolw to pl'fteot aD4 JIIPOIIOM tbe 1nteN!tl of alle !Dth Pt2Rlt alao oppoee4 lan4w41 hltonoal fVOUIII !bat ' be14 re.,_.lble tor the daati'\IOtlOD ot another Oelt1o n.at1 and., 1adM4, tn-.4 baoll: to tbll w_...n 11lft!101l t4 bslad.e an e41tor1al on

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148 Tenant RJ.Pt ftpu4S..te4 the law ot pr1aosen1h.N beoauae tbe land w14 belOD8 to all bOl'n on 1t. Th1a bad po1107 ot the Oeltlo. anoeatora ot tM Ir18h whoee oh1eta were elected 1 and wre at no tiM pnprletara ot the laD4. Iftah b1at017 waa uaed to npport other Penlan pol1o1ea. ID4ee4,. tm mere MlllDs ot the h1at017 ot lft1Ul4 trOD an Ir1ah 8 point ot lew waa 4eeaed auttloS..t to ..a new reow1ta. The a Penlana were o-s-Jied with tlba Un1te4 Irlalwlen an4 Jaea ltepbena w1th WolJ'e Tcme. An e41tior1al aaaerte4 that 1t. Ireland hll4 been & 1n4ependent 1n the tartlea there woul4 haye been no taa1De. ID44ted lah Ptople ae to haYe been more interested 1n IJt1ah hlatorr than otlwr aapeota ot Iriah culture. Yet 1t 414 e declare 1taeU 1n tawza cl IrUh s- and danoea. And 1n tlw laat e41t1Gil an e41torlal on "'''M Penlana an4 the Pa1r1e" L1kew1ae, tlMt o:t.:tp ot "oobh to "QQeenetown 1n 8 hmor of Queen V1etor1a 4eploN4 and an e41tCJI'lal aaaertecla On eYePJ nation to wbloh Ood lllpene4 41at1not languap Be bestowed. llbwiae 41at1not nat1onal1t7. averalon. tor Jacl.aD41_lta swel'ftMnt, 1ta aDA !!:e!r' .... la dlU the nat1Ye paaa10n of tba b-lah Ment 1on ot Is-iah culture to n7 a1n4a auanona up tbe thought ot the R-.n OathoUo C:tareh. Yet althoqh the aelllbes--

PAGE 181

ue 1blp fll tbe Penla I'PJlS..tloa waa alaoet e:aolual ... l.J ot that rell&laua O'dnatloa, acnblac ooql4 lte liON ftl&U 'han ' aaaooSate l'enS..1aa ws.h R-. aabDUola. Oa. OM l Jobn or.17 wu ao pNftbd liJ 'h1 auoolatlcm that 84 dl-eaHC! a eoneapcmtll a n-' a Uo. ...,. oorreapon\ent 'o Mft7 flltt tbt not loa Uuat thla journal la a Cethollo ... D la neltber OatboUo aoa-'""tan,. but aS..l.7 II'SU. Oatholloa an4 hoMatanta ._... INlen4 1n 1' Ml_. 11'1 tbe reka Ill b Jatleal pert7 1 In 'M ._. 'NSa, XrJ:fh rptle Un1te4 Irl.-.n t their nU.S.ou ,ollt.... aDd ol'ltlolaecl oo ... ua Oetbell a Auoola,lca t atlwlfta .ap bia0'17 AD4 wblle tbe Penlaa Gl'pD rett.ed to endorM tbe YOUC lnlaDiieN1 lt 414 4eOluel m cme pan of tbe Ol4 !t,1op11 polle7-1'1 nrlte with MO t;aftalllaa eould not 4o aore than tel* ill lta tod npa D .,. ..,1'1 ... to l.MJID ,._, tM taot la tbat Mllben ot tba R-.n Oatbol1o blerueh7 td lNla4 re alaoat to a u..S. .... niaae OD1.J' two eaeeptl .. be D.Medl .t.Nh. I blabop ._Hale or '- an4 BlabOI r.eaae ot a,..,_. ows-1 bonl11'7 4tle u GaboUo oppNltJon ' MONt aooletlea aal, lt woul4 .-, lA thl oaM fll Oal'Unal 0.11en to t 14M that I tbl Pan wn allJa4 wlth tbt Tba olt.u, ,.Cibab]J,

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147 ot Cu41Dal ouu.n' b0e'111'7 'be pea,on1 wh1oh he ,.ot after the ppreaa1oa ot 1;r1tb PORl! and while tba atd't t1rlg t;r1a1. lo tbe prS..oun that tbe7 1 an 1nJUDGt101l apillat Pnwn't Jggmal tos-pub11ah1Dc 1t. In 188'7 M011t RneND.d. Dr. ll01'1ult7, llabop ot '-rn aa4 per I eonal tJ'1eD4 ot .... ,. De YeN, wn' eftn further 1n a aeraon 1 I Pftaow to 7ou laat ....,_, oa 'be eternity ot -ua toftaellta. ._n rea la lll011M4 to aa71 ''' l#bard WGI'4, au who oan bear 1''' Blat wben ,..._ 401111 1nto tbe tathJ.. 4eJ'h ot tbia lDt.., fill beacta ot tbe Penlan -PlNCt7 we t aolallAtclae tlwt eternlt7 la no' long enoqgh nor eDCNSh io pmiah IUOh ala ortanta.a lr11b Ptop\f OOQ14 not paaa Oftr thla olMrloal oppoelt;lGD without notlolna lt aD4 1D bla Btool1fot19M, O'LMI'J ...,.... to tbe RbJeot; ot pt. ln JOll,lea apia and -ln. Yet tbl Pen1ana 414 n,_ wlah t;o an'-soat 4nout 1-.n Oatholloa tile lol.l.ew1Da xo_,. r.. l' tiDal lane reYealaa baYe naer written a won oa:Wwte4 t lnjue a1la1oa ill the allghteat ....... eJaal.lAnaP ov aaaallaa' 'o polDt to. a alqlAt "nteDOe 1D. lta1At1 tJa lta tint DW*a to 1' preaent. o&il4 be --'raecl lat;o an ''-* upon religion. !he 'ha' .. are erwld.ea .t 'be Catb .ollo Omu-oh la a Yile 1nftMe4 1t7 ... .. pollt1Jlalla, and ,..._ lM11ew4 weak MDe .1 h14enoea ot tbla .-I'N1 between Pealula aDd the Oblal-oh -7 e alao be tCND4 SA tM le,tera 'o 'be e41t5or blat t:a.,-oan har417 be ocma14eft4 e4l' e1al ''

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lAB Vu1pa4 and Biped OeatrDutlou !'bt DOil-e4S.tta1 _,,_ wbiah appea ... ill ki:!h P!OW ne book .. .,ina, leaae4 !'ie poetii'J', atorle, to the e41ta, actnnu-nta, nen aDd ao DSsllll tba let tara \o 'ba e41tuw, a4 .. n1-nt ad new MOA'U! ot tbalJt nature, 'bl -*bl Mterial e be 41aouae4e OCJidrllnl' t Weh lJnlt 414 no a1 alp tMbt 1I'01'k &114, AOOGr'cU.rwlJ', tll'at 'be DonJIUNI an4 ,. alpe4 'J'lal .S.ll be eenaldeHcle Book NYlen, lea ...a " lelea and. 1a.e Poftl7 .,,.... a....,._al.7J ,., taba nt .. ahlp ot IOIIe ot tbe NYSaW be aa..S.W 'o ICiokMII ot whoM work fW If\& PtopM S.t baa lteen aa14e ".lw Pft aate N.S..wa ot acae tM Irlah pta-UIODS tha Raben D 1o7M, D., WS.111D 1 AUsapn, u4 -1 ._pea. 'rhll, ,...,.., "''" to N Ylen of lOJM'a 8!111411 Rppft!a Jill lmg (whUil Yeeta allo s ,,. pnllect), .UlS..,..'a J.tp Ell B1W"l4 Ja Inlla4, aD4 hla Pitp Mojp row an& Pup- Ian .It n., Wtatem 21!1 ot tbl leu-Did anlelea whloh appeaft allOIQaOUlJ ill Irilg '"131 ' lH' '-o al'e ll'b:r n. tlJtat, lrllb Surnrp. s.a ,...u. .r a aSalla ill'"' tM pen ot Dcaaalaa a,.s.. 'l'ht * etped n.aau, waa em .b. hp1gl

PAGE 184

Ht st. !r'WJ aDd tbe autbOl' 4eolaN4t .tNa t:t. tblld oentUJ7 to tbe PN-' lrt WI7 a.re Uae eld lallguage flit INlaDd apolle1 it ... lt.Ptecl 'o r.elllber a tl wbln u ... rns .. '1 whleh .-,. .. all tbe 41Y11101l or X..lallll, a11111 toad a OCIJ 1 e bul.n agalnat foreign 1Jwaal011ethe ta ot lbe OM pea' nat1aaal orsaalaatlcm 414 _. 411e Da aliA ita barda at;lU Uw1 and l'a NDOim apNa4 bqCDI tbe ..... ot ll'elaDcl. lfbat tlllll'l .. te..a 't. 'Iianna Bl'l..m' tu Pllu\Saa flit art.aa.1 If} .S.OoN07 ol 'be Plaana .. baal.ect. SID .. 'bl eldltn 8\looeecled b1l taU.r o!d.t of ._ ela, lt 1Jbe elan appNYe4 ba Ml&b' be to hol4 an eleetlw ,.., U4 tbl wbo lWft '*til an._ ..... ._,.JIM fttbGI'l1J7 wielded lwJ ._ Me4 ttl a * 'o hat ,.. ...... a aen I or cme 'he VDl '-4 '- uaa11 PiJan .. ee.MlU N I oe1ft4 14taa aten,lon thlll '' P-'rlk'a t- adftnU7, 01a11lt Oaalan, the aoa ot ftlm, aD4 one ot the oht ot t PSaHDI-0 ne'er Oil galla' * ... .. Pell tal .. beo&' ...... aDGIQIICM8 pee'17 tlbleh applaN4 ill Iyh Ptgplt be 41Yl4e4. lla'O t.UC .... aD4 tbe UDifea,ltle4 1fOII1r f4 .. ,. who wre beU.e4 to ta.w eevt.buM4 lt. ox..., tOGk ,.._ '*' plaa8QJ'e Ia ,,. ot folk a ao. a o r a .. 11-1 ,.. One 'ba' be ,..sau, ._117 BJftW ot to14 1. -n. PaJau flit rs.nn, 1 P BOYIJbel' 111 a.a.a .... MJ.ftu, P:LDn IM7!1G!r!' .&11.1.. Uth ... 1 Yol. 91 86'1 ...... --..--........ ' fbi Pealau fll ...._, .IJl J.ii PP 818"..,. a, ...,.. to a....,-..- alt .r-17 o, 18M, P &10.

PAGE 185

1&0 tM tate ot a Uftlte4 Ir11bman and .r the 1nt0ftllra whO appaaNCl ap1Mt b1a a1'ter be P'-ed '!'he t1rat atanu eaapl1t1ea tbe "OGII:e-au.,. opalDa aDd 1n41oatea tbe aoope ot tlw narrat1na U.re la ot h aaphlo el4 balla4a, 11b1eh1 with all ,.lr 'blalc J"rrlqt BILLY BDIIE 01' ULJZUJRJI ,_ all 70'1 lCJ)"al h8Nea, I P"7 1ou'U lead a Mr, AD4 l1aten ilo iihaee er I am aoin.g 'o 4eolue 1 CcmoenJ.nc B111J B1rU, ot t-.4 high. roowa' Who wa ,tand hung 1n Wloklew aa a traltCII' o t;he OZ'Oil'llel Roe 'houab' blchlJ' afllqh fit thla bella4 t .. to u.. I I 1a "JlU.n Art/J:t, ttbl X..U.nt; t Edward J>rottr, (a pr..Snell\ 4 :r.tlan wlD ha4 bMD lOYed. lJf Jahn O'LHI'J'' alater, Ellen or..I'J) and "'fM Bo141w oPonu., wh1eb appeared 1D l!h Ptoplf. ot Roe a a bella4, o Lea17 laiJer wrat;e a HeN are oloelas ra ot a abon 'balla4, B10h Ia tiM anner fill._., .... CM81 Wbloh RMH .. lla .& 8ol41et-1a .After uJcSaa h18 uro b-. h1a tatblra oabln to ._ poor houe, 'hen lllto tbe Jtaa-11ah .,.,, atteJIWU'da 1n'o the Pope' a bripde, a4 tlnallJ ln'o 'he .&Mftoan anqr,;:'"ahe a PeD!an, he 1a at laat brtalgbi BonYer1 the tint ataaa, apSJl1 1a SllMNatSAa aa a Y&l'ia!W ot o-.-..u.,. opatnaa ot Il1.ab people Jcat 1lbo '4 ri.ab' 7GV o a\UltJ"J fa WGnS, WUl baUt t.- a wOld or 1 11J tale will no' be 1-.. lt ..... tila' lrJ.th ltqplf tbl ts.ra paper to

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111 p.tbUah ,,_ 1D thla .... wb1ob lat;er 'o be e.p107e4 b7 1 I I l Za,oe, w.a. Y' Pa4Nlt ool !lata, ane t1ll Yeat;at balla4a optMI TBI a&LUD OJ' LL UaBB o_. r....S t ll,t;le ohllclerJ '' r1S.Jt8 atcmea 8Mn X htr M I IOJ BQt; pl.. u ...... Althoqh tMlr WOJik hla DOt; been 14eati.n.4, JOMph I. o. Clam u4 lobD Keepa Oeaq ... belltftd t;o ban t;r1bQte4 poe'I'J 1r1fh ltoplt. lD. hla lftltob10SftiiP-. Olarkt baa to14 ot hla llte 1D Load. wheN btl-at4 to an Iftah a talled tba OaaiaDa and tNote4 'o tbt Pau. Pw ' tlljlle J- M4 "aet ._1an1 aotaa In LGIM\on ., with tlw lt wu.14 aeu, ot Oep Xoort' trl.n4, ' 8 oBe1U 1uaee11. Jlbll or.a.,., who 'hell wtJac Par11a .atarr tr ter tbe LaDd.OD waa alao Ill Loadoa&lah olrtlea. Aa41 atter bla "hrll to Dablla ' t4111 IJ:1fh Pttplt. Clarke oentrllftdt4 bll ho DatlonalS..t 8 poeu. ,. lt." Olaa' tn'l t..-oecl bJ.a 'o Ia' to -.rs.oa when 1ll ch\e s.. 1 be-g ina edll:' or tlw .-Y.._ Ilga14 ud --'blDI ot pla7-wrJ.ab'. 1. a. a. a 10.

PAGE 187

lSI 0n. the otMr -.... x..su eaa.,. not " ... 1 trlbu.t .. \o tbe Dublb pedoUeal. POl' al\bcmp D.J. O'Dea .... I P1alm P1Uprald aq 1M eGDtiatlbll\ed \o I. ff.OPlt. labD OfLeuJ" 4oea DOt .-t101l OateJ'I; DAM 1Ja hi a 1D4ex to 1"'11,_ t&2M It P'M' IBA lWl1p1a. BoWHe .._. Da'tla 1Jl bia aeltt ot Oaatrt won., tleel.ared that \he la"er waa Dubl.lD oor ... ,_.,. ot the ... Yottk I'*' l!Oplt Wbleb _,. uplata tlw ooa. auat.c.. 0-7 ' t 1DtlW pMta u-a taw Pelua. .,_ st.est-a OWJM,. eo dl..S.aHd tilt Peb1all ....__, bteaue Do pea' ttat111 or 1,,. had 4111lte4 Jl'd" t !he 6 BS..lq tbe wblelt., fd eovet, to alft r.47 0..1017 tM t1Ue tOft MJ' Mlebate4 Jl&J' Pal' tilt .., .... aa, the a-a or tbt Gold--Bea4ed U_, b notable 'alii ... Ytata .... lta tMr 1Ja "'ftta BDa'lac ot the S14Ue Lea-d ot laiD' Patri_. 1a laMI'ea\lq beeauae 1' ahowa OUeJ't a tldlllftt1cm 10 t Loftltellow. ou-r n..t YOl,.. ot ,.....,. .l !M!ib Jl. 8lJ'Eplkl. appe .... lD 1816. lot l.-11 the.MatWJt be waa ae:nt te JaU on -..,,. whiu pew oat ot hla PentS AeOQilfU.q tao o ._ 11 ....... 1:a1a expert-1D Jt*tta ahori!Ded caa' u Ut't At &1Q' Nte bettauae ot h1a 4tbWta\ed e..U.t1GD he c!t.a 1 a. e. 10. u.

PAGE 188

i.lll.S?O not 1-. atter hM been nlA&ae4. 81noe w. B. Yeata 1 na a ..Uer, bla 41apat at tbe.trlte .,..ouaa em a -tal I to 0 11h1oh na e:reoted b7 the eo..1tue ot tbe YOWII-IrelaDd soosa.,be 1aa&lno4 tr tbe toUIDa 4ea ot 1ta A' the baH at11!.-aroee are aho1rn 11be Nllla ot an aolent abbe7, boaS4e tlh1eb. riaea 11be SNM1Ul roaDd t.,..r, with the X.lah wlt 4os orauohS.q UDder ita d OM of tJbe paela oontalna a aOHll, wblob 1a oai"NCl SD Irlah laat YerH ot the 'R181Dc ot the oca . tl '!'he _aS.pe4 taerialwbloh appeared 1D Iriab People MJ no. be 41aCRtuecl. All la11ereat1aa aenea ot U't1oJ.e on tJhle aubJoot b7 D. l. oDoaoabue appeared ill tu DQblS.D Sbp.rook 1D a 1881. BQt betore a11te.ptlq to follow SA O'DoD.oehU' foot atepa 1 perbapa a few wol'd.a about the or1t1oa1 appantu ot the editor, J'obD o X.a17, are appNplate. B. Yoata re.l'ka abwt tM poeta of PeBlall aGt"e ment ael'ft an mtro4\ll0t1aa to o LM17 a or1t1o a Omrla a ot tu trluaYlNte tbat ._.. trollA4 111 1a IMlaDIJ JobD Caao71 a la a tlGU' m.lllJ aD4 Ule ox..17, 'he a1* ot Jo!m or.ea.,, .. ,.. ata tal WPJ' ezoellt Their r laob, eu.SOualJ eDOU&b, tbl ontloal veheaenoe ot You:DI aDd la plallltln 14fll1o.e Pw o r..rr detlnl'-17 Npa41ate4 "tbe ontorS.Oal webeae.oe ot Irela4" ratriok I.p.oh ot tbt !S,ah.-.r1oap baton lda. ot ox.a..,.. Yt

PAGE 189

8D4 llaaBelleYe& Ot .r..aJ7 1 bS..elt 1 4eploNC1 tbe fal.M an4 -aaera'e4 4lott ot hla e41tonal _..la of lfM&a !he eYll efteo\, produottct bJ \be aanner ot tlaa Mos*ed b7 ou.r eCU.tor1al atdela, la abeft aU Mftlt' 1D. tt. 41nade4 tJle, 'o often 1lM4 b1 OLlJ' ..UITMB in tMlr apeeobea aDd lettera patl'iotle nbjeota. Ill ttu.e, .,_.., abapl1o1t71 an4 truth are h'equentlr lelit alght or. Many ot OQI OGIUlt.,MJl ap. perentl7 entertain an illpUolt beU.t, t't:at patriotlo 14eaa ahoul4 newr be _,.. .. 414 la 'bl CJilldlnaJ'J language ot mu.n thcaaghtJ that 1' la a -tter ot abaolute *''7' tbatl ane abwiAs alwa7a, wbn a peaking ot b1a eoua_, -.lor a talaetto at7le ot Jargon1 tMt aoara tar abcwe tu o._-eheaa10D ot o ... CII1 aOJ*tau.a so Cih wu Yt ot o LMI'J' a wa;y of tbiaklaa tbat M alaoat .... wbere or..., left 'l'o nooaaed thla of wr1t1ng 11tenhre without aaeh na"Oil 41eorbltnat1GD I waa \o be deee1'N4 ar to pNot1o oept1CIIl. It cae 110 '17 loteacms. .,.. lt wa DO' wrl ttc by a n 1n lO'fe 1 '*' b7 a pa\l'iot wbo wanted to pl'O't'e tba' w 414 poaa ln 'be J'da ot Daniel oOannell, ''-tlneet ptaaaa'I'J UpGil rth. Yn e .-.-mtholoa .. 1Dtrolt.toe4 bJ \he aaHnl that -b l.,..otti'J' al&Ptl'lor to atteoted anll anlt1o1a1' Eng111h lcw-ons'-Yeata, howYer, 414 nn ..... wl'b O'LMI7' "Let ua be of cur own -'-17 Yea11a pNhl'ftd. 11o follow Roa o .. aD4 Ir1ab-lr1eaaaa

PAGE 190

MJ&l* I 1u* 1 wDh beal*h u4 good lllek to al4 , or .. te ao n lr,thh.a U&bOWJlt ,.,.,.k Oolwabk11, 01a1n or !Cii; 1n Prome lwaa' .... aDd lnatead et a.a .. -, 01'0-llnrlo or S. a.alHat JlaYe not all ,.. ... M4 tlnt Ull!*J r .. a IIJ'holOQ, that arrlea tlllal to roek aDd h1Utl O't.J7ta attl,\148 tl-1'4 tbe NYlYal of the .X.lah 1aDpaae alao deHnea Dtllon alUuNsb lt N17 rewala tbat 1n thS.. hl1 o..S.t loal apparat\11 ah_., .. lcMM, too. A Iri& reopl! Oil Kftl7 Iriam.n .-.w la811l hla aatl t-.ae tM throush whleh tbe tftlllltl til hla ._., baft bMil pa-eael"ft4, aDII ... lut whitb all ,. ot tiM 8axCB baa Men Ia ....,.r to J'oot lt a.t, ....... ba,. 1-' -tbl UJ wbp tbe ath laurel-o.-4 after tlw .s.et., It w Saw peel to aoMew, 8Mll ban a 4eYot.4 to Oeltlo u., ........ UPGft -. -CIII4 letiter, wbf.ah SA ,,_ .... wla, o X..17 -... .sa We _.. wbat lDoU. te ..... with ... MvpbJ' 1 1-1 tbatl Ill ' too oh illpclrtaDIJe te tiM ahtl7 fll J'ft.ah. W u 1a 0\IJ' tiN,, aDd wU baY tiM enGQ&b to leam Ir1ah aD4 -1 Mber t!Wica an. ...... I.P.I WMn o r.., "hltMd to lftlaDA 1a 18M after h1a 1-. nlle 1w ns.u ot Ud.a .. Ins.-. Dtuclu .. _..,las tM 1ntlUIDDe ot tba ,_l_a -\U leap ... Nftft11 aa14 ot OfX..71 1. TM _., 11M._, aD4 1n h71 tM It l'r1lt1Jts of .._ 'lbell t. oMOil to 11 lJl hle aile, ..e. a -h Ia OoJik, 1114elJ elroulatect a pphll' ln wh1& be a4Y1aecl hi a hnrera not; to

PAGE 191

botbel' aba.tt Irlllb. 1 bepa b7 acrn ot uaafiilft .tYS.M, t M Yeu a01t ot r Dot taat1DI4 toaoholara aa4 ao I abo1ll4 alapl7 ed"flu 70Q eapeelallJ auo" fll JCN 4e not alree47 mow Irlah to leaft all thla 1 a-.. _., BJ4e -to lte al.-aDil 1ll aa.-saa thl1 'o be a tJPl Palm attl-.s.. Yeua laMS', lea DeYQ, olti.Da lole ollah_,., RM aDI biaaelt, ui4 ot O'LM1'7t .,_ hoa U. C.-It leo'-" .. ,..I.-a bla own.,,.,, ._otlJ, tNt not thoee ot aJQ" et 'he older PenSu ..... DOJI ot tbe CNa' uaa I ot 'h ... nblp. 'fM le4 tl'lal wbleh appeas.4 1ll lth bglt e4 the wrk ao .aJl7 un ... t ba4a tt.t ltii 11 palble to apatl' 1lpoll 1' !'beNt_.., tin autbol'a ba'Ye b"n aeleoted t a IGI't et MIIPlillla BU.n 0' LeaJ7, Pa1m7 raaell, O.C.s llpnOB, I.D. J.,.. ad oDoDcwan Bllen O'LNJ'7, Whole elltl!al .. lnl ... oo1nold.e4 with a brothe' pi'OMblJ' aban4 hla .,w_ abt poet17 At "'' ba patlhla1'17 pn1ae4 -. ballada ot pea-t ltte. lrat Be74' eatS.' et tbe '17 tbe pe.S.o4 ot Ith ltoplt -applleabl! to It hu a apeoial lDt!Nit in ,. h1at01"7 ot llrfiwl, tor 1DatM4 or tbe peaaian .r tbe Ycatag 1Nlan4era, t1D4 a a M 1d7111o an., whlob ueata tbe tranaU;101l to tile 11&'D'ner et Uae ocmteJIPON17 In.8h pi!Ma. n 11 not wi'hcaat a Mrkln alp1t1Danoe U.t O'I.M17 oa hla :N tvn tr eas.:a., ehoul4 baw aotlftl7 nppon_. tbe NYol' f4 'bl ........ ,, .. asalnat tbl polltlaal u4 .._ .. et lie YOQD Inla4 'J'acll ''1. n.Yor. ----'-"-. PP ,. Ill"; a. J!i !.il' JP ..... :: Lltiienrz !at1!Mt, PP ao-e1.

PAGE 192

ox..r,, Wll Ian !lt (edited bJ t.w. pOiiiiie"Blilir.Olr. 0Qb11Jl, 1881, .... Slater ot Jala O'LNI'J1 ,. wu-JrD.-F-.1e leader, OM ot tboH wboee -. .-.. ill ''-Felan J10Yat oona1derable. She S.. 1lwa a good plaoe in MS.le' 'Poet;a ad Poet17 ot the 0.'11l7' (10 Yolae), wheN la. an an1ole 011 b .. br Yeat&a. Sl 1a alao represented lD aeveral Irlah an,holog1ea. m. wrote tw 'nit_ lr1m ''IIH (1883-lBea), ner tM aJ.gbature or Aiie'J:riiid ? 1 alao welll;e tar lfat1ft Uont!\l,y. lrilh P&J!M Ir1alJ!!Ilb BoeEonlor,et'o.a .,._.. t;be t d1a,lap!lbed Iftlh atabolcta' Ill whloh lhe repreH!de4 lwt lllll11111a4t sL YEN :tnlap4 whloh t1ra' appeue4 In 1888 aD4 wb!Ah haa Mell 4eaor1becl .,_ El' 8oJd a .,. tlra' otter be ot ,. L1, ...,. leYiftle 1Do1ct.', tbe WU 4ed1oated to 1 ... 01r.17 1D a pnfa,_,-, U atpecl ,._ -, " Re1len 8114 otbn' poeta .. .,....-.. Sa it ftN .... 'tea' DGLt&laa llJde .... 'lboae WI I a poea 1D b.cmor t:1 lota o .. aad O..p aSp.-. ot Pa.D7 ParneU a aowat 4t.tterent n.-r be 'ol4 81ater t- at.-rt ,__u, abe waa .,.al-e .. upter at MIISNl Olarlea at .... ot tba Un1'e4 Ita' Jln7e Jle1' ...... Della ..._lit ..... 111 wbo IGMwt:.' fd a poe' blraelt, b.-.a Ia lew J ad 414 aot OYe 'o Inlu4 atll after mr nMlD8. ,..tral Stnut W wan bla Npa''l bJ hla

PAGE 193

118 YS.et or tea Oftl' t:tw BJ'l tlah 1ft tJbe War or 18121 and perhapa h1a clauflb.MI' laber1'e4 Mlr 41a11lce tl tbe Bllallah. At all ,.,..sa, 1n h1a blopap)Q' f1l Obarlea Stsewft fUMU, the Ul.lter UnlCDlat 1 st. Jolm lti'Y1M, ..Ol.ute4 liN. PU"Mll ........ hla aDd Ji1a 1 a brott.N aD4 alatin Sa a aplnat Bllala4e D baa been allepcl tba' line PUMll waa 1D obarp ot Penla1l eaps....-an 8 tbe au\bolt1t1ea ot DUUD Canlee On tbt hiD4, DGbUa OaaJ. wu 'YQ"f -pioS.oua of MJ' aDd 011 one .. a1oa., at lea at, to Ste11U't Panutll' I 4J,apa' 1 NldM. bel' bouae aD4 I tUftle4 1Dto the atlreet. lhlltlcil Bllen o:r..,, Par 6 nell 4oea ._ 'o baYe be lDde'btK to lobll O'LMI7 ID-4Mcl, oltiDI a ao.wbat Ilfe11owiah" bill' tiNt ocmtr1but1oD to lQ Ptoplt, or..rr ThiiH lD all I baw Men trca 'ba' la47' bald aN1 I thJak, ntber l'hetoa-1e tihaJi poetrJ, 'nFJ a-ou D4 aon.orc:Ma rhetorle ln4ee4, sS..s.ztg aeet ,,..,.. ttW strl, the writer the waa;" 8 8 Sn ldd1t1on to 1- P,.... Cooper and tM Xew tNDaND4eldalJ.a' wre a41ISre4 b7 oca-11rDNtoNJ and hlm7 fanell, eapee1a117 t blr poea Ponu Man., m.pt be ealla4 tm Iftah Julia War4 H-. a.. .. r, a .. 10. n.

PAGE 194

thla poea 414 no\ tpr-r \llltll !11 years after trYb P!Qplf ba4 lMteD 8QPJteaM4. hMablJ' Oearp llpn m4 RoMrt Dw7e1' Zoroe 1ntro4uoect a OMllo DOte to O'LHI'I' paper. lipNOD'a a a 14en,1tlable oontrlbll,1oll as.p.4 ratl'in Be_,. an4 UJ 4 later appMN4 Sn. PMM 1!1\ J!!l\141 I YOUU ljr!lap!l. Yet !11 h11 Rto9U!ot1011f, or...,. tba' ht.a trtaftlll, llpraca, onen I ahow4" 1ft 'he ol,.,. rl !&1!1 Pt!p1f. ADd alt!loqh tbe ooa-tr1'but1cu o.not be idemstw, 1t la pnhble tbat 'be7 wre aft Oeello aubJeota. Por 1Jl 1880 atpra bad traulate4 an& e4lte4 an antbolocr ot GM11o ,_,.,, l'B!, fit'! ,& Poetn !!L I !w!I'B AD! Dwsla pra1ae4 IJ.pra' "eru41tloa" and exoellent: tane, baa 4eaor1be4 lta pmeaS.. a lobn bad ptbliabed a oalled ''I'M Pta a4 Poeft7 ol ._. ... ,' t Whieh Olareaoe Mapa Bftallah tnulatS.OU J.a ...... llgeraOD now '0 ... 1&J ....-k of --c 01JIII1J DO 4CNbt -.ppl.7f.Da tJt. teaa. 0'._17 a t Ir11h aobolar ot tlw ol4 -tft41t1aaal ,,_, -.4 la4 aeqalft4 aa a "nlt ot oea..,_ le8e aearohing g1.1eat .... r fill Irllh IU. JIJ bad M4e an oon.otlon ot pt1'7 OQ\ ot ... r_. llallPft He now laid hla oolleot1Cft bet .. SS..nea1 PI ,.. .... tbell pi'Oduoe4 U. 'S.Oond SeI. or 'The Pt a anc1 Poni'J ot Btaencm ..-. hla on pretaM aD:l ..., ot note a, all JaMJ'8a,$nc, aD4 'ranala,1cma s.nto Jtnallllh nrae ot foft7lx ,_..a LS.kewi.M a1 .. nea' dnsllll:er, ebSd.lDs o t..17 tor hla adaira

PAGE 195

110 tlcm ot S.wll, Saa1el Jobnae and Oarl.Jla, alao h1Dta tbat lwr baYe ocm,ri1Nte4 011 Oaello aubjeota 'o lr1fh People a Tbla 4eYOtloa. ' the literature ot tm Mill uaed ' sl ., tatber UD7 opportunitlea tor poJd.ng tun at hla1 ,.o1al17 0'1Aal7' lcnow]At4ge ot O.elle wbat I would hiuelr have .. aor1be4 aa .' 11J tatlwl'' a "'l'lotlaa, ca. the other bud, ahowe4 ltMlt 1:a. a paealonate 4eYot1Cil to O.e11c lltenWN aDII a oertaln eol.dMaa ' Britlah autbora, ao 'bat 'hla 41Yera1ty ot oplnlon oaued ....,. x-be1 IIPH'I'inc tehel betwn the two.l IJ.cerMil allo oont&JI11Nte4 'o tbe W.t19P aD4 Ineh-ana 81pnc ba4 at thia tS. a peat edR1ntlcm tw MlkMl, -.de b1a Perla o_...Jnl' ot tl lr1ah9n, an4 ar-1'aftle4 r .. 'be pablloatlOil ot bia r.w conquest (hr;:ep> Ia Hr1a1 rona ID tba - paper. a , tiili week '1 Joanal to wht.Aah IJ.ce'N contribUted ao .aD7 uoellent !.ldtns anlelea. AD4 lt 1a lllteNatlac to npon that bl .-. ot tbeH three papera 1.D ltMS&a 'rbue papera cwooate a aettle-.nt ot tbl Irlah question aaa.wbat ... l.epu to that Wbleh baa Men adopted in lhmal"J an4 are n.pp-:14 Sa 'llr Ylha by nl papera ln tbe pr.,na ... and lt7 ,.. ew.n 1n England and 8ootlaa4. I!DM 1848 paper esoept tbl lah P!ofl! .baa been aM4 to a4't'OHM 'hll S..41ate appea o 1 au tbit J OUJI'Atal dlrteN4 tr ell otbtr1 1Daa .uoh lt ... 'o pr.-e apreaG ot tbe Penlall oonte4eN .a lfmther OJ' DDt Bl81:non wrote pt.Mea et CJeeUo 1ntereat tor IJ:&tb Ptopl!, Robert wpr .r,.. 414. Hla Je-tellSDC ot Irlah lepa4a, whieh be aipe4 n1u. a\1olpate4 Be e Yeatla, W7 tlreCGrJ aD4 "- S.epbeala bJ M'ftNl 4eoa4ea. IJl

PAGE 196

181 one ot 'heH1 !!1!. pebB$!4 J?OOa, t;be mla-en .. o.ne aa PN Cbl'iatiiaD INlaad.. ADother,.. ... capule4 1:t7 a .._.ts.w n.-ea IBODD OJ' ORBB'VAR !fBI BIOWIHADIDtOil !HI SKVBftft SClf bJ .. Nlaat (t'ld.a ,.,_. S.a DOWD ill 1011 aD4 ill 'fWD Y!NlOU of 1t aN atwn 1n Grt.lta lopu lar _'INt De1thaz-\hem art ecul tlo t:t Irllh one ID wlldneaa an4 _.1alnallt7.) A th!zod !!m Cl'b!m .l!ll!.Sl J1W*ea .! I!a RtD a J! Ntw Ynr "' protaplna et t:t Les!J14 .tL 'I'lenwu .!!: !b! m:&!.S&Iht wen TS.l'Mil, Chlet or MaUl, bia hone, BND PilmliW, tM t'7 priaoeaa, on, aDd tbe DllolM Sldha ot lfb'-M-a()c. e .&l,heqh Ro. 414 not onen wr1' tor !lllb PfORM, l.t aeema tDtllas to OOMlwle tb1a pllng with aome MlltloD ot b1a PQbas-Ra.aa 1 a JN0001qMat;loll with Oel,le lON Mc!e hU oGDtrllnttlcaa unwlo_. to or..rr. Por Ra. .. taup.t an Inah 1.anpap olaaa in Dablln 1n l8ee wt.n hi .. ._ to haft bee aoqualllted. w1th lf1oholaa 01KauM71 U.Ulat ot !.!1!. Propb!o&tt JL Satnt! OfM 91111, MatltP'Ip!J', Ultp, san, !tanp, !II\ !lalaOhJ Aeo.clina to nraltle4, Gullo pHpOai:Sea,l-., 11hleh were pr1ld;e4 liJ JOim O'Da17 tlho prillte4 tez-lal ., b7 O'KHI'D.t7 tor t:M OaalaD1o leol-'7 1 tlba BaaUah Crown 8 waa to aperS..aoe a 41aaater Ill IMlec!. Ia 188'1. Howeftr tbat be, Roe tellma o1 hla aneat, rt!4a

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10 Api Ra. aa ' aotl.S.'l u a PeDl&D -tau t;oot h1a oa G t;eD4e4 JIMI'Ultllaa us.,. Bl'lUIIb Idea aDd thla .,-haft out 8baltt tba ts.e wblllh M oou.14 dno to wltlq. IadH4, be hu len an iat.,...\I.Dc oet or a Ylal' M oeo ... Ba17 JlooN a\ IIOON JlaU, l&ap1 1a altb M told b.t liGON aa wllllna to 8 Job tha bu1J b' SM)Jblaa woal4 -'haft hlll. (It doee I Dot ... Ulat JIOGN w.a ftOJID lll utll WU outed..) lloa NpO.fted.a He left on .., a1rad tba lllpHaaS.. _., be 'b.Ueftd tbAN'e waa ao hope bu!ependel r INlaM exoept nat&' t.bat he l:L1Melt Na47 \o hll aU the rlaa. MD eaUld but he 414 DOt tbe neuau.,. .. h1'1D6 1a ... Be aa1d t. thcl* oua oould be atta194 bJ' the tr1eda ha'das 'boob a1J oh&pela ad ebu.rob. gate ... ., SQnd&J ane.-and ta'id.nl u. Daile or "PJOD 1lfbD blln..t ln Irtab Independence aDd waa ,.._ I>UM t=o do ac.eth1lls to attain 1t.4 u-Yr, u JaD...,. lloeaa Md ._. duts.ea 1D OGaDMt1 nth tbe app..._.. or 111& ttaMI ox...., hu told or tta. , iD tba' be natu.rall.J 110a1J M cto, 1 .. at MJII17 or ... ed.ateno, tbe queatl -.ppll aml, b po!at or taot _, 1t I .... ... ar1sb', be '0 ,.,. Od or ld.a OWJI poolret ro. ac.e wMlra the ....... or tl ,.,.. a Alao, lD 18ea, he .....teet a ocmvth\olt 'o tM papv, 11a17 lau 1. O'D ROI8& a. J. DeYOJ, : a.

PAGE 198

188 Irwin, ln !plte ot the Ntuaal ot nral pr1eata to k oat a 1 rrlage 11oaae beoa1aae Rc.aa waa a Fenian. !a R1e&y 1865'1 Arter th11 panlal an.a1JII1 ot Idtb PeovAf, 1ta euppreon and tbl ta1lu:N ot thl r1a1Dg 1D 188'1 reln to be 41aoueae4. 2 :t !h Ptoale a Ina ott t :t. pneaea Oft Sepbeaber 14, lee& wbln 4eteat1Ye! tr DQbllll O.atle arrea'-4 Boaea, aaby, O'LMI7, a J oo...-and c. ox.ette. 6 r.t.r J.- Btepbeu enct Cbarlea 1.1old:wua "" e Oil Wcwellber 18, 18181 IMpbau waa arralp!4 em obarpe ot tHaeOD. After 'be crown bad t1n1abed P"lDs 1'' oaM, S'J>Mu Np11e4 that he retu!4 to Noop.lae Br1,1!h law 1n Ireland" 1 Wow I 4e11beN,!17 and oouoltloub repudiate the ea11taoe ot that law Ia X..laad 1\e rlght or nen 1' '-nzw 1n INlaD4e I dllf7 and deaplae an7 pmiahnt lt ean lntlt.ot an " 'I'M MUat1CD oreate4 b7 thle !JMOh ba4 MJI417 abtlt!4 wban Oft tbe Dlsh' ot loftllber 241 1815 ltepheD! eMape4 trca R1obao:n4 e e Priaca. So aetOQD41D& tb1e tbat 1D 1806, aooOI'diDc to J .. JtqOe, people 1D Dublin wH 1t111 a-e1p1ng about 1ta Tara StNet. Obap ill the pQboz thiN sn aw7 J-1 Stepbna 10 tbe7 1a7 O'Jbtelle AD4 elwblre 1D UlDHf Stepha D!dalua, ., 10.

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1M 1n llDea a-tln retlaoted.t Hcnr tbe bea4 tN 10t 1 autben,le ralcm. Got llP a 701lft& bl'l .. an. w11, orangebloaacaa clron oqt tbe rM4 to Malahld.ee D14, ta1th. Ot loat aa4era, tb8 11etra7M, 11ll4 eaoapea. D1a8'l1 olutobl4 at, scm, not ... ;1 '1'brM 4 after a-....,_. 1 eaoape l obD o I.M1'7, Roaaa KS.khala aD4 other wre broa.S}* to trlal. fhe7 were r.17 thl t!Jtat ot a 1-a 11M. Barl7 ill l&ee. lll aplte ot the objeotlou ot lolm Bria, t:M Babeaa Oarpu Aet na auapen4ed tor Irelu4 8 to taollltate arreata. c1e41eate4 I!h Rfbele Ja 1Ntl.1!h Prlaopt to the Z.lah Oon't'1otect Peloaa, 181&'10, u4 llatec! 1!e DUiea, lMlwiiDa Lult71 01LeUJ1 DeYOJ, IS.a1rbp1 DaYltt u4 I JobD 0' .. 1117. l'uMatelll', lea .. attt, who dehllldA4 acae ot tbl Penl ,.s. ..... wo SaprS...t at ts-, wt b1a n-na n-.-tloaa4 'b7 loa .. !be trlala ot o LM17 u111 a pua1Dg ..a oLeaJ7 aenteD'tM to twd7 ,. ... ill peaal aenlhlle. Oil marins thla YeJid.iot, tbe eul'-"4, autere PlaD ha4 llttla to T I haYe 'Mea tClUII &Ullt7 ot -.. or treaaantel0ft7 fn la a tl e.s.. '!be pwt Dante oonaigD.ed traltcms te 1 I ltelleft, tM allltll elftle .r hill, bat what lttn4 ot tnltoret !7a1t agalnat king, 18*1nat tbe aplD.It blen&a ad bnetaotora. :.tglan4 1 nn rq COUll ti7J I ba't'e betNJM no trl 4, ao tor. '1 lD)at be thOIIFt of h1a eDalea be aut'll1M4 trc. W .a. 1 l. IQM1 . I P -l4. 1 a.a. l a. O'D R01t1a, e n ilh ifltan'i PP or. arM Oftllen s1. g1ah !-art pp. 2SQ-2S!. a. o .Jiov.t'f pp. 60-&1. e. oD. Ro.aa, 9'!jli Re&1"1""]i :rleona. P 1. or..17, II ol , Yoi. 2, P

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116 YMta' o a ant on O'LMI7' JWiaoD lite I tUft. I .. u He ba4 no lt-ocmaoioulllleaa, zao Ylalble prW., ,ADd WGQl4 bawe b.aM4 UJ'blq twt ewl4 baft been oella4 a ... tUN, W8 1114114 aoa:Ne aftlat a.a&h te lzlftD' a patUI'eJ ,.t be woal4 M"r apeak et the haNabip ot bla prS. llte thoQgh abuDdant1'1 eaoqh ot lta blluNnm4 cnoe, 1lbMl I preaHCl bla, replied 'I 1n the baDda or ea..,, wb.7 eh01ll4 I A tft 7MN tlgO I beard lbet be Ooftmor ot tbe pr1acm t.4 Wbl' M 414 not .. ,.. ..... 1'7 4ia...rOI't, ad. or...,. bacl aa141 lj-414 not oame here to OGIIplat.a.l--UnlJ.Jaa or..,., min Oil8h to lnftnt se Be oanS.4 h1a ts.pll asaS.ut tbe OJ'OIInl lDto tbe oGIU't5 lt ..,.ot ot tbe OaH 11hat tbe pNaJ.dlDI etflOel' beet l>e N peat.U7 attaoke4 ill ;Qth PtopJI. Roan po1n'e4 att a leleotlDS bla a Jwlc to ,., the peraou o..-ote4 with tbl ''Bits M7 be tul'e in aeoorct wlth "-' ot tDiiP'roo -lNt lt oaaa-tead h e laP" people with a teei1ns ot ... ,.., t tba adld.nlat;nt lon ot jlaatlM. Bla -*' drew an lUllnteDtlGDal ,._ tahe J1MII 1n .-nlaaa 'l're baa n _,_ tM alllbMat .,....,, freD tba M a1DD.ln8 to tbl ea4 ot a4di'Ha, now ot wn an4 a ball' o ,... - aofteD a alngle anieleJ 'bat, on t!lie 'IU'I, e .. .nlWur baa been addreaae4 to tm J111'1 to eaaue .. hli.aJabn llltobll ao aoncllt7 Baa'a caltleent patnu-e 11bat m .-. tr PSa Ou poor trlen4a wbo w bMD oalle4 upon 'hla tlae to a\8114 bet oCNI'ta aa4 Jia baft all bebaftd nobl7J

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bllt to Wf3 Jdn4 w. ._..., ot 01DaDOYan Raa 'bit nd)leat of all. It WI'J illpl'u4eat lD bla to taD thla OCNNe 1 aa41 Sa lt bl'ough11 Oil bSa a noo tor Uh' J.lllite.S or swat7 ,...... Bd at aD7 1 rete, 414 the blq ,., ftl ft8b', an4 .Jut, aDd "17. It 1a ounou to relate -..t CDe ot tlw eoldlora dletalle4 'o pU'4 the o.n ro the oeoaat.. ot ' tl'ial aoon to be in a a tm .... ,..a.o-. B .rotm a.,1o In aplte ot nob eews. prt.aca teaaea, ._ 1Dtlua ot Yoterau ot U. OlySl W.l' eamlllue4 tUoqh 1888 a:a4 sn"-UJ thea new n took onr laa .. nhlp ot tM l'rlah 6 w.-llldl a,-111' ,.,. m4 beau to aot ac1 tbe a.n" a .. n ot '-I* at IDauNet lea Pll N!IDSft& Ib o ... otl wltb. tba J.IIM1nMt1ca, '" datea an ...._... ' larl7 ill t ,... w....s n pa8M4 .... .Ut a ....-.1 ria lDa woa14 ooou h'bNUT 11, 181' '' laat ._.. tba date ... poatpoM4 to .... h tlfth but tfllt ... ,.. ... Pen:t.aa r ....... I OMater, ._land u4 lD o.-,. Kenr " DOt aftlts.e.t. lllohM1 I DaYltt aDI Jolm oc-. .. lM*h ot wb&a "" beo .. ,...,,.., lB IJtlah pelltS.a, wre a-s tho 11M tOCik ,_.. ill tbe aboftlw C-ater Ni4e !'be aet1Y1tlea 11l 0-'7 X.I'J'7 "" reapealble tor llahep ..s.anQ' ' .. labNMd. attaok on tM 8 PmS.... Ia aplte ot the JOIItJ*lll 1 ,. rt.alq et lluoh I 1 1817 1a Jobll n.._- opl.nla, a MCt talluft. !'wo aklftllaa 1e a a a

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16'7 1D OOUIIt7 acme, howewr, .., be Mnt10DIJ4. Tbe tuat na an at taok 011 the polS. barra.U at .x. O'Brien, a 1 I tu'uN aaber ot Parlla..a\1 W1111a llaoke7 r.-... 7, who waa I 'o per18h 1n an atte.pt to llp Loa4on twtdp, lfacle oa.J.ea, bntmr ot m taaoua Inah jOlU'Mllet an4 po11t1e1aa, & WS.llla. o:ars.., a4 us..-1 oa.s., who 'o 1te -ouh4 ,,. Flllian ao1slYU11es ot aDOther nature later ill 1U'11 took part; 1n the auoohl tora7 lfbe aeoond waa tbe eapture ot tbl Oout '1 SUU4 etatlon at IDo.kadou.. In bare ot tM attaoldng Penlau na Petr o 1h1U wbo waa a 4eao811Clant ot leactera fd tbe 8 17V8 NbeU1ca. After tbl Mph.n,M!Ilft ot the attaollllra de o14e4 to re.S.n iD al'IU lilt tbe nblra 4laperM4. OD llaroh Slat Or.n t ca-oea oloeed 1n on thea aear 1oGM7 Wood aD4 crowle7 8 waa wellftde4 1n tlahtlna au tu.Nl waa tbl oooaalGD ot a larr ct.aoutratlon Wbitah ... to beOOM an UftUll ewnt 1n Cork. Aa 1 Jiea&l' ot tM naJAc, pia- re Mane One u ot .... a lebN'e4 apeMb ,._ tiM dook, Tb.aa Pra.Dolll 11 Baurlllee Howftr, hla llt JWo'be'lll7 waa .,_..4 beoaue or tbe lnteroeaaS.OD ot Oar41nal Oull with tbe L.-d Lleute!MIIlt, rather 1. a. .. a. 10. u.

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1 thaD beoau ot tM ot epeeh. <*blr pl'iaGMn 1Dalu4e4 a D\111ber ot Mbool tobuta aDd authan a a lohD Artib.uJt P-..ater, aDd B.J. ll..n7 Paneat.r author ot a JAmsUftd a.bel -a lD 1;18, ., ... wotea 'l'bl ... b7 own .. rtial ot .. ,.ua baret labov aOM t b.aiDI ,,.lea or OQr La41 kea rq blao4 Mll. x-baa bMa -tflr. tlft7 atn.e .&nl:JUI Paftiear wrc*e 1t; ' two S...-t;.aat IJtiah.._rS.an obleta were atUl at laJ1P1 OolGMl R1okard O'Sulliwn Bultb and OolODel Thcaaa 1. a.D' aaaip: rot to_, tbe BJ1e' OR! whan tbat; waHl arr1ft4 1D llJco Ba7 Oil lltQ' 80 181'7 1 wl'h a rso ot FDa ;114 olw:l'-" tna tbl tbal'e4 S1aa'- bM al.Na47 'bMD nt;1GM4. a Be a4YS.M4 the pn M _. .... to P-' Whloh 1t; cU4 aftes-aett;tas t;wo YCN"'M4 n Yet, wrlt;lac ot cee f/1 hla UMlea ill hla ''9b&iiD'*' w.a. Yeata 1114teate4 tbat 111orS.a ot 'bl ... HD pr1t .. r peNiahcl ill llJaol Be all IrS.ah lln1cmallat sea ot ParlSaMnt aa autaS4e the aoo1al after cU.Dner, when aatloa. ...- 1ntlaate, talk ot the Pciana iD 111M, WheN be .-h1a Mrl.7 Mnhood, _. ot tJbe PeaSaa PrlfttHI' _tMt laN'e4 tha traUIAed ..n at s l1go Sn aixtSa a .l.O hoMe4Snc to BelS.Jc a-4, tbe Jr1rl'e Hp Uaobarpd thln,.two

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olUDteera. !M)' were tmacU.ne 17 p1U.4 up 'b7 t!W Cnsuard. 'l'blt tlahenan who bad bnush' il!l8a alhore refue4 iso &1ft 1Dtoaatllon abcatt thea altlhoQih, 1t 1a JJI.ter.atltaa to n*, M 1 414 :rewal tbat ot tbell apllre O.ello. AD 1Jlt .... r bnqht uo 1den'ir7 'bl tlblft)'-tlwo u4 I O'DellOYaa, wbo .. tlo baft been PeDl.aD OI'IC1 .. r tO!' tbl nonh ot &el.-4 aD4 to baft taOftd tenaPlaa at leaat a .late aa 1880, Ill obarp ot the atlt..,t to Jdll h!a. !bt 1D . tor.r pe4 lntt tnro pella were iDjUJI841 OM tatall7. It turot4 Gilt tbat ot tlbl pPl._..a wre eltt .. u ot the t1D1te4 Stat HCJIWeer, tbe pwai41Jic j114p nle4 that "ao nbjen ot tbe Brltl.ah Or011111 oOrt14 41 hluelt ot a116a1ane an4 I peaaed. loas prlaOD ntenoea on two ot '"S4eat Jola8cm., aeonta17 lewar4 aDd .111Ma1ador A4au aDd ruaar1 ot war tJ.w about 1 J1Gpll.7, 1nt ot "aenlla& to tbl allbltrS.nt ot Mit:S., Sa l&lJI, tile two eDMftCl Snto aetlft nesotat1ona with a nn 'o a4jutSDc ao eerlou.a a 41tt1oultJ 'l'be Vllitet ltaha bact nothlq to It tor Bn&1aD4 to alter ber law ot aU.IlaMJ and ao abe 414. ln 18'70, . ' aDd O.,.ello Aot t ,..HCI through ParlleaeSJ aa4 n S.lt11ah-'Orll 80-jeot lt h1Juelt ot hla .... ataoe lo tar t:t. Plan nre OODMIIIed, tbiJten ot 181'7 hll ot att..,tect nanea a4 .....sac. .... .. ,., tbeae will be 4110UIIecl 1Jl tbl nat whloh Will be 4eY.ed t;o a OCil ot 'bl Penlan rl.aJ.ac 1. .1. !2 .!ll PP 11-1'1. see 110. le l .let .,. .l !!I! IJ:l!h Ba,1gl Im'1no1blta 5!!! Tl 1r .. PP l8'"r0 Ib14., 1'72. a. PliMt, !I! o1!} eae. J. S.age, .B. o t p. 611. Ae K. lullT't" w INlaid, PP 283. -

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1'10 lD 181' en 'I'M ---UDJ.oa.l aD4 Pen1alll 1a IrelaD4 twen 1110 .ct 18'10 ftW.le4 ftl7 alaaa lD,.,...,. sa. YOlftd.e P -. Vlll-.lna P' ' apJM Ir1ab 41aocaMDt _. poll'SM1, ._cal _. aoelal ._. .... \pat to Qptal ' pr1Ylle ... f'eWJ ...... tba r.ftiau aOQCb' to NON1' laMftN ud pe hllaaalJ" -.ht UDl.S.na .-tbl appan ot 'be -Oauao11e hie.....,. thellt appeu' ,.lloJ. la fteW ot ,. taet tbat UM talna Ia 11-elaDI frta l.MI ,. 1M8 ...... ltla -,. X.S.h laD41e4a, lt ., be .... tbat Vai.Oid.na .,. ..... '-aaaa,.. ao tar u wt.Mlna ,.,.. Ja ppm betwea 1aeo _.. 1.., 1a ......... ..._ MtPP-' 414 .. -hea ..... as. .. ot ,.Uttaal, cala a4 .. s.alaa, ... YS.tla'a Yb1' INlaD4 Ia liMO aa4 ..,.. ... ,._. .. ,., Aot whleh ParliaMDt ,. .... -.,..,. 'ltaC t tba tll'at .. telll7 !fbi ... -.so --aal-., 1._... br 'bl X.lah Oeaell aDI ...... 1 eealltl pen7 'llbleh nl4 t11de VD.Jaelda, ._a Oatllu, aD4 acae ... 1 nulca .. ,. ... ,1' ft -.1taDl.J ..._ t la aSps.ts.a. lleenae 1' broqld ,.,.,_. t lila'' In uel ,... ... W1UU. IIIith Charla Geftll DttiltJ aD4 ltlm JU.hhi1J aD4 tbl la'tr la lllMNatiq beoaue ot tbl eoDMaalau tbS.h lt .-tor a-a Catb011 .. _. l1Ma1\M ...._.-.,Moen, .tat!IU ot tbl unUat, waa oa. ot Da .. ..., !'o ... cm-alcu et a Ul4 eoon..to aatve

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191 ehoul4 'b IMidM omala n ot a aoolal ebanoter. P1Ntl1 ..... o1 htlr lats. ... ..... a .. aabou. Ulli.t.a SA slaw! a4 bt .,...Usl.Wa Sa .Inlud. *lah '-MM ,. up tile .. ,._,,._ f6 tM latMI' .Telm 1feuJ' Hey 10 Jllab' alao M ......_ aa ..U8U7 et tbe .. ,. ' tt. la,, .. aD4 Ault"7 De VN 111P' M ._.u.,... ,,. fJ/t an lrS.ah wbo ftl ... '0 IT O.U.lJa.S., bat -'I .,. .. ,S.., aa 8 Rftl' 1..._1', lt 1a Dotillble tbat both .. ._.. .... De .... s-M .. ,. ahtf f/6 olll._. ul 'bat n. ._. alao Uapla,.t Ia teNat lD .-.J.t.a wrl'-11blob la _..an.. et &lah ...,_..,s.n et 'be X.teh Vdl-' -Gad, tbeN ..n f1l eoaoaalOil eta nltaNl ,,.. wh1ah le aa .. s.w 8110h Val.S.ata ape .. WS.t;b .. ,,.., Aaeld t;bat tbe et Oeltie -...... a4 ol'IS.U.. s. tab* ..... ..... h 'be _,le aidatRtl et '- a ..... pMM ,. ...... , .... -,. haft -DO .__.,. reftla t.-.blaell,ta atlcae ..,.. .... -l'lr!lla .,.., uu.a.. 1'..," .... that; 1,1 -'alale iulcae to Jl1.all 41Mtt; WN ._ ......... Wa,ea An l.MI 811111 a .... l.SMNl ''1"* ....... Oa'bDUe 'fM apJMll rl tbe PeS.U WM _.. pap ala 'IMD ,_, fS.Ht appeue4 Ia Iftla4 la 1818, tbl ... 1 aal UYIEI. w 1' ..... fll aa .. Dtaft7 ... a. .... ..,. & ..... w .................. 'Df4tJ ..Ut ., Oil Batlm oc ttrel a -1 t ......... .. wlth a aiallar Ud te tbe apeal ot Aat fJI 1fldAIIl u4 ,._ Nlwa1 ot Irlah

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l'PI lap.... Be e'ftD t1Srtect wt.h an to wlll PNDeh auppon In :tw enon to aeblew adolla., t I:Nlaa4. 8d be alMct WS.th a .. Oatlbo1S. 1D deDGQ11111q a p!IJIIS.Oal tore aoelat7 ill Sldltbere i'o PP-' b Plau wbeD tM7 tl:ra1J appeere4 lD IN1aa4 na hu -lklbbeNO aoolet71 IrS.? p. perlo4lea1 11b1eb, llb 1Jbl !M1& bad dlaplaJM an 1D,_.., ln 'he rnS:n1 ot .u Iltlah 8DCl aaSat Patrla' Brt*ulboo&, whieh w --t--4 1at-p17 ,. -* ot GeoJpp s.&l7 ...... 'l'bl c..nh '-a1an1aa Ill IJ.la114 fl' 1888 to 1818 eMfNI'apd bJ lta .. ,..1 'o ftpablleanla, pb:Ja1 .. 1 tONe aD4 Iftab oul1J\1Ne The ..,., alpltiaaa' ot '-' la_,.r tfJ!r phrl'7 wen lola ox.a., ad oDeoftll JobD DIWJ, aD4 .,_.. O'f.eu7 alao lte ntl-.4 la th1a --s... ot s.a.p., .... alao wen latlah wrlMra tbo were .,_...betlo PclaDiall cllal'iac 1' n.at tlw as.x ,.araa o. oEMne, Obarlta 1. O..p 11,.N., Darb7 RJu. aD4 WUliaa oarw-. labD O'f.eu7 ,.naltiea two 41tteNilt approMMa to l'rlah Mt1oaa1la. oI.eur a e...n, aa n flit b1a ..talNn (aaoh Yeata) Be 1a liD __..., tlpre beoau b1a 1oft ot boob eDIIIr hla et lftlaD4' 110et taaawa n1ten the ,.a:ra tJ'Oa 18M to 110"1. Roe .. Oil tbe r t.m.r11Ject bla Iftab l.alt.a. UDlJD ox...,, be bn m4 1eft4 1Jhe Z.lab lanp ... hid_,, tlfta14e tlea, folk lore, 4aMea aa4 poet17. 'l'b1a 1..,. ot Irlah Ml1hN to utaa b1a ln1Jo tCMeh with fttlD1'7 Oollap Oaello aohalar,

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1'71 J'abD It alao lea4 bSa 1Dto pbpS.oal fWM JBOftlllrlt. l'lloS4a117, S.t ilbell' aaaoeiatS.C.. wi'h PeD1aDla wb1eh wre to lftD8 both or.a., aD4 Roeaa lato ocmtllot wlilh their "llslcm, R-.n Oa,bol1oS.a. or Ww allber .mt1olle4 1D ,. pnMCJJ.Ds panpaph, J'obD Jln'e7, ras- o LM17, loben J'OJM, o. oXMtte, an4 CJeo!'P ss.aera 4e .. rw M be .--.N4 t )rtnpq a aae11e n.-e Sato PeS.. Sll lrelaa4e ADd. Oarlet -.4 O!ar:r. 1. 'be ... -.eft4 acwe11ata who wre attNe'e4 'bJ lt. PI'Oa l8U tao 1818 'be ot 'be PentaD ond be toa.rad Sn Ba attlalal Iri.ah paper, Irlth Ptalt. J'abll or.ai'J t4ltor-SD-eh1et aD4 waa aaa1a'e4 iD hla e4S.,a.1al work bJ UoJc oEeette aD4 Clara Ia1t7 .,. U.lcllaa, who na a poe' nU a nweU1t, aaalp4 '-* et oOIIbatt!Da Ule bodll1'7 til the Ba.n Oa,llolia b!.aNMbr. oJtMtte baw SntHihlee4 '1' oe .. elaaal oaeua ru-' whleh 1M tCQ214 ems tl' e41,orla1e Pebapa tlbe bNt lma.n r-...ra ot wl Daaa ataft were J- oos O'Delwnn a .... aD4 J'obn Drt'OJ Oenala obanoMriatS.oa ot Irlah ._iallla be leal'Md hGa 'be editorial pqea ot IJ1h P!nlt. rat ot aU, S.t ullealtatlnalJ' urpcl tbe ltl*S.' '7 ot an appeal 'o Jbfaleal t..... Wat 1 1 .... 4 'o tbe United. BtaMa tor belp ill thla appeal awld. TbU4, lt replllllla'-4 aoral auaaS.OD pars. Wlde4 .... leh ltpaNtS. f/1 INlan4 tr Jlall.1ah peptlar ll,eNfnllle 1 lapwlalS. ID4 the CND lt 10Q8b.t clellltentel7 to win the ppos-t; ot tl'

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l't ..-J'prlnlltpd ola- tu aa.t aD4 t:m .. lt arltloal ot tm ..,.._.. alu .. a tm laD410Jida ohuHl:l (Nth u4 aran Oat:llolle) ud Dab liD Outle. lewh, lt eaP* to popalarbe IJtlah blat.-, (eapeelall-7 ADI 1'718) Ptull:r, it dlapla,.. an SateNat b noh .. ,..,. ot Irlah a111ftft dMJeea, a- !'be aaat;nbu,lou to Irilh bt, 'N'h s.s- and &M41 wre alo IMtNOtl.,. ot tbe eban0ter1at1ea ot 'rial eelatM1 Sa part, ot bMk .....S.n, lHI'MCI anS.lea QQ lltlah djeot;a aD4 ,....,. !'be .,... ,..., -a18te4 ot folk oap aDd uulpecl, or pM\1.4...-. -" 'I'M tol.k aqa are Sates.atSaa beoaue ,.,. antlalpah ,. lll'eNa' wbioh J-a l.,_e, w, a, YMta u4 Padnla Colla N to tallle ill t:t. aanJ tba aalpe4 _. ... .,._. peeQIJ la t,...,_. beMuae ... ot lt-. wrlttc-,. JOMpb It Oldb1 la' to be ... r .... ill .-Vda4 ,. ... ,., .ream x.eca oa11e7 e. to tl.ate M'h au Ied7 -.,..,., the 8011trlbattou 111deb .,,..,... Sa &lab hopla ba4 ,. be apprn.ct '-1 .raam or.ar, e4 tbiNt_.. '' la that he GpJII'..,.. fll .. t.U.l Mba aDd ._ .. ,._. aDd 'ldldn4 tae, alllpllalt71 8Dd ,._,h. wU tbl 01'41Dal7 lenpap ot "' P* He alao Vpd. the Jlelana to QMk ... llah aD4 to X.la-.a ot our on ... ...,. aD4 theN'b7 ld atltle the OeltS. reM le- bQt lll theH ho __._.Sou be .... ' haw '-"" ftrlaaee with Jola and 01c.Dftn ..... ' lnat two otbett f8MU Pttnlau ot o IMJIJ' ..-mt1aa.

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1'11 Bllal o LM17 an4 J'a1V Pan.e U ( alater ot Obarlea s, .. rt PU'DeU) paaobebl.Jr 1 Ot LMI7' a ll,eN., taa aon thaD 414 o.w .. IJ.aeNn., Reber' w,.r lfiiM or oDeDcwan RJ ,., IJ1.h ltoplf palllbl4 eon,rlba't.cu fro. all nw. Iaes.t.ntall7, 1.,.., wbD actalNd. _,. YMta, 1a ot partloullll' lJdlereatl bMau bl '1e1paM4 Led7 Ore1017 aa4 "- lhpbeu, wll 1'' ill bt.a NMlUq or ol4 Irlah lepaila. IrJ.t!! Ptoplf RppNIIed hptJ.-,r U, lll&t Jobll ot.arr, a ... aD4 tbe *Mr .-.ra t:4 lt atatt wre arre1Mcl ud NHiwcl l!ftN JaU HJda .. a. 1-a 8MpM111 WI alao ........ lad bl tl!ape4 and cSe h1a to 'he Un1te4 lk'- Mea111b1le, IrUh..-rs.au pOQJied. into l'NlaD4 aDd toclc oo rDd ot 'be Penlaa .,.._,. lD 181' tbe PeDSana at lan -.de tppeal 'o pllploal fOI'M lid 1' talled.J aa4 an atl._.,t to 1ut-_.u tria '-lr1H lido INlaid WI DO ._.. Reouat.lt AI tbl neul' fl6 a SR.111 ........ 1Dfl, two HpaNM nalllp ooI"N4 ... lt.er, ill a aob111t1 tOJr a Nl.e CM ObN'er Ou'JA ill ....., ... ud "''11 eot1Yltlu Sa o..-,. Ee1'17 'lbe lll rlllDc .. plaoe JlaJitlh lth, but, aaJAe t... two 1-......,_.4 11ld.alabla Sa o.-7 o.s, put.._. ftllllaMr ID 111'7 '" an 111\RO-ahl ...'o -le .._rl.ea pu lDto INland wbioh ra'CJNIIIe4 b.Mtlll,1M betwen tl UnDe4 Stlat .. aDil the Britl.ah -1ft .. a ftault ot 'Na'--t et 1011t Aaerl .. D oltlMDII ot Iftah exbaotlOD after tbeS.. .. ,,_.. 1 tlW t aroea ot the oro.. 8o tar, at 'bl M Of the Jorb7 ot 'be Irllh ,.opJA wl'e ... _...., lt ..... Ate 'o ocmolud.e t;ba'

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1'11 nftl&le llet_.n ,. two.,._. dlariq ,. JMr r... 1810 M 188'7. Aa4 u1ther .._ JNaJ. ot Ifllh rtoale nor 1;m ,_s.,... 1DtUeW lJPell 'be P-.lan ebleta aboQ14 all-. '' GbaOUN 'hi t

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OHAPl'BR lY t'BB LDIIRALS AID !BPARA!'I811 1888'71 lD CbapM D tiM Nlatla betwea the United llft&'ll aD4 Irela4 will be '"ted clart.Da perlod. .r.. 1818 ,. 18ft. '!'be earlS.I' ot 'be datea eolael48a wl'b the rs.rat appeaND .. or WillS :&wan GW.toae u rn. Mlalahl' aD4 tbe la'el' l'ka the c4 ot a U.e bet.__ tJha Pen!azw ac1 't. lloNl auaalCDlatl Dl L1b!D1 lJl 18181 William hUt Ol.a4atoae 1 PI'S.. MiD later ot tbe Parll.-1l11 ot .. VDlted. ESns' ot GNat Bl'ltaln aD4 l'ft lalld, SD1,1ate4 hla pollOJ f6 ldaa to _..J'IISM pue'U. 'bJ oonoeaalou ' tbe "allei'JIIPlY11ep4 ela- ot bla penlftea' ua ot t Bnonloptt4lt Br1tnn1M .. olaft ot aU U. -7 t.DtereatJa Whloh ncr aed hla ln. 4a711 ot hla earUeat; Sa ParlS-Ilt lh tut1ou tbe Ir1ah cl:alHh,. Il"iah laD4 Irish unlwwlt-J ediiMlloa, tbe whole 4U1'14ult prob{.; fill X.1ah anena nt M4 .. s.n qa!n oocup1ecl his ld.a4. 'l'o those who bn lda lteat aad watobl4 hie dteNMea olo, 1 h1a 4eol.ANt;1a tor Bolle Rule waa .. aNel.7 a 1Nrpr1a !be abow .-na,loa srehnecl Gladat-.a enort 'o peaa a BGIII RulA blU ..... rar11-nt lD 1111. In 1888 b1a .. tor IN1aD4 waa IIOJie aeleat, bda& .... 17 ._ deal with tbe caue-1ft

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1'11 Beton 4lao.autaa awaae te l'Jrelud, it ..... DMeaHrJ aa7 a In ..._ ebcNt 'be m'eult7 ot r.s.an1a lD tl'ae ,.u bet' .. bla aa baa beeD 1D4l oaw, l8e'7 lw4 1t7 hDiaD rS.at.Dp aDd tellpta tao a-sale I sua iato Ill aMl!t.a, dJ.aocmtellt bad. apNa4 aas tbl Iftah Ill Bllalala4e 'the Nnlt ha4 bMJl a N.._ ot Pell1aD ..- 1Jl lfueheater wll u a wiD attellpt at JaU deUYeJ7 liJ blodq a M1e SA U. wll ot a Lealea J)ria BNY a lDa pOUo optnt.a ill Waclalld, .Tolm Brlsh', BN4l.a:qb, Pnedi'S.h IJaaela lerl Jl8r:a ba4 I n1tlateq apNaae4 tbl:l.r Q'8P8tb:J t tabl ,.u..... 1lbo ... r .. _.J.Jt pan 1a t:M JlaDohaater ".._J aD4 lwS.Dlname bad wt.t a ,...._. .. I poea ,., Loat. mms v ,. 'm -en .. ,. '* BJtf.c1l' W alao w1Dl7 QpeaW lD tllia S..e ot Om em 'behalf ot a Pa1u napeot wbo na .-..... 4tah OD aootant ot an ,_,. t;o blew Q _. nll tba I..t.ll pUa. W'l*'1 iuupNtSq hia pl'OCJ.'M t 'be pMU1ea!1ca ot IH1u4 Sa tM HoltM fill Om after hla elaot1 ill 1M8, the oele11Nte4 le.a.r retened to tae ftJ'ioaa JIIDlteatatlODa t4 .U laMDI1 of PcJ.-laa SA aaalaal u4 INlaala 1e .. a a WillS Be Oladatcme, Ia !ala ... eoh ta tbe JlcMM ot c .. aoaa taNdllJaa tbl IW DlMatab11ah tbe h1ah

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1'11 beMatan' Cbu-Gb., pw J1Der to :,11ah pol1oJ in 1Nla84. ..,. ns J.4 o 4o uat1oe \o lft l.-1 'b7 b 1ntena1t ot Pan.S..n1a. nd J. expla1r wbl' --nt 11117 oS.t inS Rialq ot 188'7, the .. n. oblater a. ... ,,_ Clerkenwll lxp1M1cm l 'l'!d.a PI'OCP' Sllebade4 ao1Ye --pr-. I l.a lJtlah ..... _, ... lu4 m, N41t t wh1eb .. I stwa 'be Pat... ._, UaeH be paaaed ONr !Doeue quatlal IIDI a few .... will be Mill abt h1a -at7 fit .... taln ot b Pc1an ,.s.a .. ra aa wU u h1a BW ' 41Ma1Jabllah tbe OlalNh ot IHlaDie !M on-M4 -. ... aware ot lftah Uao'-' ow.r U. V..it ot Piaa pda__.a ... l:J 1M' 11btn a Oc.l1aa1ca .. 'IP -. saw l' 'beau. .. h l' Npoft .... 0 Sulaia ,_ eon4uot II tlle ,.sa-.. ratber 'baa b .._. Ia wbleb .-7 ha4 bMa .... ... After hia OoRrn ,., elM, .. Clladnone .. potD ... aanller oc Seal I' 'lft17 eoan1_.o4 ot .. cme fit ....,era btlac ,.., ltepbea lklward De v .. Wotber ot ,,_ aore I ru-.. AUN7 ne .... a .. bd .. la, ....... ot me ,,..-.., aD4 Deeuii.Jel' 11, u-ro, Oladatcme aDNN.Dted \hat ... ot pl'lMaua wwl4 M W ,..,..... that -.7 .-It ,. Unltae4 UDad f/6 CIJMat a.ttala a4 IMlale AMna th-1. .. .. .. a

PAGE 215

180 l.AeN\e4 ftN Jobll ox...,, .Jfllm Dno7 aDd. O'J)CDGraa ...... lall b84 Dot UoJceD tbei:r apUDa l:Nt -. deep illpNaa1ca Whlah lt .a4e \1pGI1 tbea be j'l4al4 tr a dWJ Wbieh DIY07 baa tol4 a Ylalt ' aa.aa 1D 1111 wbiD tm latter 47tzac1 D Mak a 11ttle tm. '--Ida "allM 1lbo 1t wu that atoo4 beaide !ala '*' 'Mil a" 7tl'l lela Dno7f' M aa14 at laet. Dvlna !ale 1oDa UlDI 1-. e-.taa'17 t.gSne4 tbat !Ia atlU a Bngllah pl"laGDf Ul4 tlre 41tr1eultJ 1n b1a tr. t171Dg ' --h!a ._,. throQgh wlDdAN.l l'JI! pitta\abl!!mat ._ 1M Ollnh gt lg!epf !be 110et alplftoad eft'M Whlah tM OladatCDt Goftl'lllltnt to o wS.n poJNlar Irlah .,.,..., tM 41aeatab118h nt ot Cllueb ot lHlaD4. DiaeeU aD4 tbe OGDHndlftl oppoaacl tt. WN ,. ptGWIIIa tbat lt a 41reet attaek a oa the Aet ot Val-. .nMlMa, Cll.e4RGM oOilld. arpe that -.ben!dp 1D Omu.h fit lftlaDI Ualted. to a -11 allllt7 ot the peptlat1 ad tJat lta 4iMa,ab11abanlt &1* wla tbl aup. port ot tbe a-CatboU. ..... tor UU' w be waa a14e4 bJ tbMe 4latJDplatM I:nah ulten. 1o tu tiM "& ant Ia ta ot wbnlq tblt l't.u. Oa--llo to 11B1CIGJ.aa la ....,...., l' -..t be lulate4 at tlbe OQtMt tbat tlbe R-.za OatboU. IU" appOM4 to an eatabliabK lafth lD tao,, Ms-Uer In tbe ._._, tbl R_. Catbol.J.o Blahop .t ltilclare .ad. I.elcblln W naete4 a UJUOD ben.en the Cburoh Iftla4 ID4 ble own ct.-.lnatloa. Perbape ANialtbllap Culla et ha4 aSallar notl... At 07 rate tbe 1. ,_.. rea.-... {oftt:tlf I'W!J P.f!w PP Ul.-lU. a. 1 .. CartiiJ, ____.; ._...Jill Y PP 1'11-80'1e s ...... 9. ' .A rbllllpl1 e4.!alpm st. !!II. 9l!l:!l1 .U l.rtlR' et.. a, PP ..

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181 12'1ah__.._loan reft11d10M.,, latm nrro,, NgaNed oena!D ap. polll.._,, to atatt fd ,. MW OatboUo 1hllYeralt7 1D DQblJn e.s4eDJe ot a ...--sllldl btaa ,. part ot Dr. O.U.1u It waa under h1a addule that 'he Oatbo11o VnlftN1'7 ht it al7 OathoUo, wlth '7 little Irillh 1n 1t. Be M4e Dr, w.w.n (Dot tben a Cardinal) tba Reote1 aa4 wblbr Dlt ._, 'be Afth blabop napona1ba tor \b& appointment ot the Prot... tbl7 were all JID&llah, ._, ._.,..-. Who b84 o_. .... 1Jo tbl CathoUo Ollaroh 4urlng 'M Qd01'4 KOft -Bat thl ...._.. _. ,. 1al'7 414 not oc:meur with tbl bleNI'el17 aDil ,... cU4 -" t1D4 h1a aaaoeSatea altr trs.dl.7e AupatlU BJIINUa OhS.t IMN'-' tfllr Is-elu4, de poee4 1D hla atateMDt to tbe lei ot tbl NbelUGD. ot 11111 fM epbl' ot what la 'CNIIIJ U.4 lJ.Im 'f1B1p la Snl7 OOIIIJOied or the o14 hatred aiU1Q1a tbe Br1,1ah o O\l.Oii, al 1a all Ja aD4 Sa all plaolJ tbere tM ot Jrlah polltlea and o -aoter. !W, ... ,., em OGaiDS or to lllbl!n an Bngl1ah Gatbolie, lJl Yei'J' tdtle ot ,. lan ._,_,. 41aoowN4 tt t h18elt and na ftFJ cW to set nQ tfta "I lfenan JIQ' haw d.ektlt .. 'hia hoa,l11t7 in one ot b18 own ape poJ.DMea, Dell1a n ...... llaoO-'b:r who bl4 been oontr1but; '0 a 'be ''''P aD4 ....... rlw 1rr 1e1m D.-1 h18 ,.nlhlar h&..s. 1'\ari ........ al,heach Zotm Dtft7 NCN'M4 that tbl Cbriatiu BrRhera' bHla a1ee'e4 thl I l.a,pa&e !D \ba tlftt.N, auobbw ll'uh-A..r1oan Nbel, .Toee)1b I. 1. o1t., p, 1-t. &Doll. . . -all"'bO@ lN 3 e 01 DorlO -1 ,JI JJ t p ._ Ztlllllll !lObel:. r :w, 18'7, P a. e. Dwor, .2R olt., P

PAGE 217

188 c. Ole-, baa told bow aepaNtt.a was enoc:JtlNp4 1n 'he Obl'1a ts.an Brotbera1 aobOol 1D Dan LaopaJ.N 1D l&H I reoaU tbat B.rc*ber Hoope :ln the hlatOPJ elaae waa atra11sl7 on Il-illh alde ot pol1tS..a, 'ba' Nftre4 the of DaaS.l occmnell who na oalle4 the Liberator taw ..a fll i!.a, a..nr to the 1mag1Dat1Gn ot tbl be ha4 a .. utloua approftl. Although tbe7 aooaapl1abe4 noth1na ..,._.a ,.., awaken1Dg1 tb87. wre oanatruot1 ... 1y :re'beltl, ...S oonat1tut1ona1 aal ,.,... !bat )IMH4 ua - tw S.sJnat1Cil -J.a barked buk to 1798 .S.th S.te ba'tlaa ..S. and turiMr NDge ot fighting baek ,. 01'4 &111 B11aabeth aD4 ShaDe We re ' -.., .,., with Brother Heape' 1n41pat1cm ..... 'ba 1ll.tUI;r et ...... ot An ot Unlcm In 1800 'lfhleh a'bellllhe4 t!Mt IJtUh Par11-1dl. It llftPIJ' 'o DOte ... thlD&I t tMJ ahow bow tloaal eplal-. pew Ill ,._ ,._, a.4 oa banded 40WD lD Irelai:d tr.. tS.a twl ... ul.l Gla4at cme ' 41aenabU..,.,ulallla 'llD4catbte417 oauapd. b7 h1a be11et tbat the aepuatilt apirlt ot the ler 01"4era aQd laltJ ot tM R-.n O.tholJ.e OlllrrOh lD lftlaDd waa c1ue 111 to re .. ..._n._ at eslateaae ot an eatabU.W obQreh to wbS.eh tlhiJ' 414 ncn lD ...U.tS.ca, :a. wu tort1t1e4 1n h1a reaolw bJ tbi'M 4S.at Saplal114 IJtlah llhJU7 .an who fa1'0ft4 the meanJe. ,... X.S.ah wr1tera deael'ft ._.1.4erat1oa, panS. Plra 1uwt '- Iztilh RGIIUl Oatho. I 11o UD101llat ,.,..loft A'llbft7 De ,_... Hutl there na WS.llt.w 8 .Alllnctm. ot 1llboa U.OiielJObM WI iro V1Mt ADd thoqb. ''!Ill lr1ah eaue 1 HM1" traa h1a b1lt U'tle 4S...et !lllp, let t' be ... -.rea tba' mtncbw wrote peat ...... tftUll IM:MJ"O. PP ... ...... Ja lnl!nf a !!a !!1.

PAGE 218

'We1N ... -.:.s.lt )'Oa be Iwla4' trsnd, 1'bqh lM.- a :r our 0Dla1-!bel' ... '*' '" ....-paftlell 1a 'bl .... 1 al.HW'bll-. ln ... anlo1e1 Nrened 'o Alltnpwta 1nteNat 1Jl lNl.-4' eocaoJd.o ple'ftiiMas r..unnoe .B!Jtlild Ja !!1fl abOWida l.n euell.eat; pOiiiiBa ili ..... ., a aoole'7 !be .... RuaaS.an '- 1 .. 14 "'*' ree41ng lt a I aner ..sen,... Ia-eland betCHel 4fbll poet h,._.lt aS4 f/1 1' t t Alaa 1 when all'a 4Cfte wbo will llke lt t 2lW* et .._ r.wtl..S aDd T-.mt Qua'S. ln flat .S. Ma71lab1esl' Deaplte tbe poea'a...,. 1Do2. ental '1' tlla' aelt-or1t1o1aa 1a not Blot tt.e141 bnto ot 1lbl p .. boaned that bla a I Jlllllber of the Il'l8h PR1s-at1 vot;e4 _IM, tbe Ao' ot Val Aa a :aool-bo7 !Ia Mel 1eap4 to ' X..l.a4 ,... ..t, t laal17, laa4111'4 be ........ ,. .... .......,....., ..... al .. tba U..a ......... -,. e. 'l'_a, Lea.-. t'ba poea wr1't la 1aU .ter Whloh OU Oeldamlth be4 uM4 t .,.. eaened. Y111 ... , lid Sa S.t a M J.orwtU' bpp ., j:1M Pol1l4 be ..... Ia ad41t1 ' a._ :u. v ... aa4 ._ 1-.4 ,.,_..._., A11tnp1 a tbll'd Iftah wbo taY-.4 o!m'eh 41Matabll.._.., ...... I .. kJ Ia 1111, whS.la a a_..at 'h'Salt7 Gel .. 1 DOU.1 M pa'llaW J!l!. Lttttra Jl l'Jbl1t gptpt, Ja Inlef ., 18'11 x..J171 llbo a hlu4 ot abar;- Ltwr, W ......._., h1a iD a MOOD4 e4ltle. Ill

PAGE 219

bla lnts-cduotlcm to tba atoaa! e41tloD, Leolq espla1De4 PQI'P08t ot tM book ID relatlCJD to 4laeatablla'tamt a At a 111M when the Repeal _,.,nt wbloh napeD4e4 'bJ' tu!Jle la mmltestly NYlYlaaJ wln tba eatab llabt ot reU&lau e allt7 baa re.cwe4 ol4 lSAea ot puat7 ectrow.ra7, aD4 p"pare4 tt. tor uw -b1Dat1oiUIJ. wba, at tlw -,,._, a 4lalOJ8lt7 1D a.e reapeota ot a .DION Ue ban tbat ot an7 toz-.r period bu wict.ly ,..._ted tbtlb NDka, lt la nrelJ not dYiaable to Noell tbe taota ot tbe &I'Mt atz-Qggle ot Inah t1caa11t7, 'l'ba preatld ot a Mtloll oan only 'be tllflaWd -, lta putJ a4 Ill d.Ml iDa with atNDS tS..ta ot d1a1.,a1-,. aD4 41aocmtent, lt la ot tb8 ut110at lllpOI'taiiH 'I tnoe t:t. hiatorltal oauaee to wbloh tbe7 be LeokJ, llJce De Yts-e aDd AlliD&bP. a oOilflNed Un1ca1et and 1n b1a Bleton st. EDslaM .&a l!!!, BSptttentb omm be 4eteD4e4 UD101al akllltu11J I A Jorlt7 flit tbe I1'11h _.," '"ft*t tbe balaaet 1D taYar fit tlae peat 4e.-..t1o rtt_.. bS.U Gr 18aa1 aD4 traa that da7 tMN been .... 17 a 4elloentlo ...... whloh _.,. baYe *" aaa1ete4. WMD, lllc1Mcl1 we OGI'laSdtr tlMt tbQ _., ginn, tbe platbe7 haw Mtn tbia aaa ot iDtro4uc1ng lllto Bl\sllah azul lDtluenoe t!IQ' haw uerolaect UJ*1 tbe taa. obaraoter ot tbe BOUH ot 0-aone, lt S. probably not too Gb to that tbllb preaenet 1ll Britleh PuUa.at baa pl'OftCl tba meet powerful ot all aa-ta ill aeoeleNtlluf tbe clemooratlo tranator.atlon ot Basllah po11\1oa.l 8fwatle Tt. aepera,lat ac:w-.nt; 1n lNl-.4 trc. 1aee to 18'11 ws.u be OCDa1deN4 trca a aD4 a Oc.bJDt4 Ptlliall40Nl 1Na810D poln' ot lew. '!ben t1 orsan 11b1eh expret4 the latter atand. poillt, \be DubllA 1r11bMn, will be oona14ftt4. BQt before pro-

PAGE 220

....,illl wlth 'bla 111 illpertut ewa whlob. took plaoa 1D 188'1 ad wb1Gh an all i;hfte lt-, ntlOile Oil SeP'ellb_. 11 181'1 1 Th.-. J. X.ll7 aD4 anot;blr Pen1an o:b1et wre ai'N8ted 11a llanoblner, "''laad. Ool.cel Rlokard oaulllwm Dul'lm 'edSaM17 dJtn P plaa tor reaoue. AMas Uloae wbo UUIWN4 b1a oaU t 'o oar17 out acme. were WS.lU. rh.Ulp AU., Mlohael X.J'11lD 8114 E4'd O'IIMP.r Oaa4 Oil Sept.-.. llml, lD .. oof!denee wlth Barlll1a dNMI7, aswed Plaaa up a ,.S.aa n 11b1eh ocmta1M4 Ee117 aa4 other .. ,,s.w, -bH 'be 10111: aD4 aoo ... 11abe4 tabt Na lh:d'ortn&Datiel7, or ot tbe hlliana 1 Peter BS.e 1 k1Ue4 a 1 poll.o..ar& ctur1D1 lbe a..tftee A ...... 1 ltGWI4..ap ot Pmlan IIUe-peota tollow4 ..s oa Oe'ober ae, 181'11 tl n I to tarlala AU., Luklll, c_.., oa.s. and Tbbu Map.lN. beHidl71 \be f1W MD WN ae!SeDOed '0 4th but at tabe laat a --nt llapt.ft JHII'4 .. 4. !'o 11DA71Da wnth ot .aJlJ' Iriah-'-ll'leau 1 Ollar lea J'ftnola Adau, UD1te4 State a Albaaaa4or to t:.. COQI't ot S.lnt J ... nluetat 'o 1ntenene aD bebalt ot 0 Bl'len aDd Oon4 1D apltae fd the taet tbat ':t.7 WN ._rl oan oltl..... o ... Beoi'MU7 8-Jid, wnt oftr u ... Ma4 1D a laat lllml' apal wld.ob ..... Coalon'a IS utJ but oa.t. ADd t:.. ot:a.r wo "'' to 4 .. tbe IrlabMD of ew17 4eaoriptloll WN protGIIID417 Mt'H lJ7 tlWM eutnltlau. !be ilbfte 't'1otiaa N '-41a, ball.ecl

PAGE 221

l&e the "JiaDohlater Man,.. a4 tbe ot their 4eatba waa 'o beooaae an Ullual ..... Perhapa tbe aoat taaGQa llteNPJ pro4uot ot tbla teelllla ot reHntnt appeared ancmJoualJ 1D Ir1lm!B It baa bHn aaol'lW, probabl.J oorNOtl.71 to O.ora IJcn 1t7 Jolm 01Lea17, who to apeak ot tbe "1 41tS.on" 1D lt;, anc1 lt7 Doqla1 I!Jde, wbo 4eolan4a taaoua artlele 1'1'be Bolooaat f 1 written on euoutlcm ot Allen, lerkiD' aad 0 Jbtlen, and p&'bl1ahe4 a, 181'7, s-d.la after 'ba r.aohe4 Dublln, OIIM'-4 -tblas ot a aenaat1oa.a a T.r. ooaanor, tho waa -.l.,ed 'b7 !!1!bN9 at tbat ts.., alao aaor1be4 8'1'be Belooaun to O.orp I Seen and. added a tbe euout1on ot \heae Mn waa pnotlnll7 tbe bectnnSnc ot till IICIIlen Bc.e Rule moYent J it oertalnl7 the beginning ot the deeper apirit et ut1ou11tJ wb1oh had beocae aubMrged 1n b7 ., Unlftral'J lite, wMre l'J OOWlti'J, ud eapeo 1al17 Or aa4 lome, wre atu41e4 -exoept Ireland. I oan atlll '" .,. Mlt walk!Da 4CMD to .,. ottloe thNII&h laaaau 8trMt when an earl7 e41t 1on ot the ewnlna pape a:nnOWIOe4 t;be eseout;loll, aDd. 'he abook 1t caYe etlll rewalna treah.' Ino14entall7, O.orp Berurd aaer1be4 oc.anor'a t1rn Penlan to an earlier datea ID 1888 I beJaa tben S2 aDd alfta47 a note4 orS.tlo an4 polltloal alktor1 the ltal' paD8r founded UD4er the ..U.tere!d.p 01' the late t.r. O'Connor (n1okna.e4 Ta7 ,., 'b7 Yatea).,. !a7 Pa1 eur.S.Ye46nt1l 1838J 'tNt hll JdD4 M'ftl' acl'foed 'b41JOn4 the JMI' 181& 1 tboqh hia Pla aDd hll blarty 4eteatat1GID ot the aatlon 41aa-lae4 that detect troa bJa.D '1'b8 natlaa.ll.at aJIIP*Udea ot Olarlaa Stewart Pamell e alao haY Men 4aM4 tr.. Ulla eftllt aDd T.D. SuUlYan aned

PAGE 222

18'1 to o..-e wha' ._, OMe haft b ... 4esoribe4 as Ire1aD4's aotrlolal nat 1oDal ,._, a.t Saw Iwlad' a DeslrOts of paJ'lnl sueh tribute as I ocatl4 to tbe -GI'J ot tM I wrote, a few 4a7 aner their ._outlloa, a oas whilh bl4 tor 1t Nhala tbe pra.,..r wbloh tbe7 tad 11heNd la the 4oeJr1 'Cie4 laYe Ireland.' a riew M &ettlq 1t lllto lwnt41ate us.:bi fitted tlle w01'4a to a ld.l1tarr a1r ot '-er1ean 1 tNap1 tNIIP, tbe a" ....ahlaa,' wh!eh was popa-lar a1t t;be ,.. 1Jl Ia.Jaact.l -1'be tlrst stanaa ot th1a s ..... lJ pop.tlal" ems .,. be quota ... JU.ah upGil tbe pllen-t ... 81ND8 tbe nable-MQIM4lfh:Jiee, BJ enstul ,,..., nS.an m thell' .blocaJ aut tbly ., bl 'o r ... With 'be oGUrage ot Uaelr raM An4 tbe7 went with aou.ld \Uldaunted 'o 4o 'Oe4 .. ._ lnlan4& 1 .. 14 ,. beNUJ t Go4 saYe Ireland& aa14 all a Wbs-- 011 the 110afto14 bl&Jl Or tbe "''Wlel4t n die, a <111 What ''- 1ban r Krill 4ear .. tall&' Tbe laat stan ol this hu.l7 Il1.ah--.nea scma, s-emlnS.sMnt or !'M ... ., fill ,. Dead, eleYatecl 'be Kaftobestel' -"ns 'e tbe statnts ot tbe United Irlllb-na Hewr '111 tM latest da7 Sball the _..,. pus ot the gallant llws 'l'IU flwn tor our laD4a Oft the-.. A1d4 j.,, ... 1, OJ' .... l !111 w ..-ftr isle a-''--DM an4 gnnd. tOed saM Irellll41 t we proudl7J oo4 saw lftlt111411 .. 7 au, ''lltbll' ....... 14 hlP 0. tiM battle-tle14 4SA1 I Cll, wbat tter 1 w:bm tor bin dear w talll 1 hen ,_ R_. O.tbOUo o-..h ot IN1aa4 whiah bad

PAGE 223

188 l!l! Pe11r! Pg1p Jlt Vig Dv1D1 tabl Je t ... 1818 to l8ttl tabl Penlau ... P"babl7 plaue4 at D7 .,,._.. follow tlt.lJt exa11ple in NYS..s.q Iri.ah lutltutaloaa, ba ,-,.. their akadpolDtl pri.MJ7 ._,., or tM aepuetln .,._at .. to aeouM tbe ..... ,., ot tlbe Perdan patla_.n. AD att...-tore'flw an aaeleDt Inah 1Dat1-tut1oa, 11b1oll ,..-attlJ appreM4 1t7 --pllrllual tONe ., towa4 1a o.wae &lflln-.' lr!,,,.. Ill 1819 tbl tollftlas alpltlnta pe1np, ln whleh Slpra la lttfba appeaN4 an s.u.n iA ,. baok et tbe GD4 eelS. '1 The P*RN trbiAth tbe Pealaaa 11Q' baYe tlta 1a MelJaa auoh a rehrn ' Ol,lo ut19ll'r 4!4 not -..uatle tor 'be plet whleh thiJ e.-peru_. t:t.t Jola or.-17, oDtaon1l R .. aD4 Mbtr of tb.e1r partJJ were nlll lD prla

PAGE 224

188 Ra.aa' a ps-laon 11te, ezaot 17 the aame a a the otbara, 1a part1011la1'17 illteNa,1ftl Pf'JII' ill pol1 !ftll aa Wben Clll 'rS.l JlNaa to SAr htuelt a telen. ot 414 M atftgle wlth h1a nN.ena, lRat he alao a.pt to attraet, or aaalat, efti'J aOY-nt CMtaS4e tbe J11'UOD Wbieh J.aht; be ot aid to tbl PentaD ocmlot Ra.aa 41aocweNd two n7 ot aeplfts up h1a owrap 111 prlaa.r.B. Pearae baa 1to14 lbout one of tbllla lil BD&l1ah plaODa aDd. 1a Ar1oan oltlea bl re..-'84 tl hwaov and ,. lore of OarbeJ7 Be 'ea\ed .a.n 1 bet .. :td.a Jlll1lpJ :a. JeaMd. wban be tortured b7 hla JallJ he atartled tbl allaoe fll the pw-laon r14era b7 alou4 aa4 b7 lD&lDc Irlah s-Sa h1a oeUa tbl,-1 aolDa ,1N.' be h71Dc o kMp htaMlt aa'lle.l Roaaa, hJaaelt, baa clen acae lllat.-ea 1a h1a autoblOSftphS.eal lrlfQ Jltb!la JA Bzytl1ah lfOM t "YheN la DO better trl.Pta11aa .. ,. a tall7 the to la1lah at lt. 1'he n or 1KIIIm who oan do that 1'll tbl ot mnae .b.! or &b!Ml 8 will ne't'er be pM4 lt7 eltlher. Oil anotlwr oeoaaloa. teUow had Men bllpSJ&c b1a .anufaoture wi'lDc terlala a s. abowe4 a little tlD b8 foaD4 1a tbe quaft'J, wbleh be 1nteD4e4 'o taahlon Snto an I told h1ll lt looked 3 UJce a a '- an4 tbat tbere ld.Pt be luok 1D 1t. 011Hfte, ,_. ..-r ot tbt tor1al atatt ot Irieh Ptftlt Roaaa apolata 1. r.u. r.r .. Polltioal Wr1t1f end Sft!bt P 131. a. on. Ii'iah Rebeli !!! 1nn Pr aone, P 14'7. a. lb1_4., eo. ' WHp. 1M.

PAGE 225

110 ox..tte a aooct lftah a Jar, and l trs.d to 4raw h1ll ' 1 dftal b1Ja _,. ot OaeUo, 'tlbleh blgh ttH 'o h jallua. ..._, proh1bite4 u ,._ apeak-iDalia wr ..U.r ewe Uae 4 Wll w wre all-.4 talk. !bi7 oalle4 1' 'laas I bel1eft 11; fill tbat .. .-NlJ' "P'-'ecl _.. ror a,.USna Inah, eD4 'lll'eat-.4 with ... "panS..._, s.t "pea'e4 orreue.1 A n7 wld.ob Roeaa ba4 ot kHplfta \lP b1a '1NIIlel apln' the 11b1le Ill jall 'b7 deDouelDc Jl'l IMall,t.ea lll le''" tlb1ab be -il-4 out ot prU.. ... s.a 1111? aah a le'' .... 1-" -Loa4 II"P11ys I s,.,, b1d lta editor, lutlll lleOmbJ, ,..14 aot ,Ullah 1' a 'fbi D@lJ.D lltb"D 414. hb...-atlJ RNia dateo'-4 a iDe to aaad t otbel' le'' eD4 pmtaeA MftU7 ho hCNra lD H11MJ7 eet!MMftt 011 lwead aa4 '- Koua no' toJSOt -.atal .. hla pol. BndeDoo ot 'ld.l -7 be f4alJI4 ill ,bN. Sal.,.nleat pNJOOta I .. IRa, and on. an attalr fit 'be area. !be tlzta' Inu proJ"' 1ft RH't beMlt 1D 1819 when l&$m lauaebed a _,.Sea to oleo' bla a 8illl>er ot ParltaMa' t lflppa...,. Roau W I dSAa "''-'aat Sa Inah Jaaw aratllalpatlq aDOtbaJ' Iftat.an 1rJ laM n1 JMn, .S..i4M .,o 4e11wer ill Gaello 1t eftr bl ..... 4 Sn U hl were ...w\h a rl it l .... kkn bet -,._ s.a., I '!alB I ,..l4 be feud 'alk las Iftah to an4 lt 'ftQl4 UD4e'DI Wllll lAtta tblll pt an Sate.,..-..

PAGE 226

111 I an ll'tabMD, npNaeatled an Inah OCNDt7' aD4 Ia! ri&bt to be beaJIA ID laDsus et ., 17 '.t'lWI .,. be a DeW 14 tor tlbe -.ben who are now 41.-aaiD& 1a ibe Mat tbba te 'o 41o in tlle HoueJ -.tber 'o or uoi tlo p or al,oaetMr. .t..tl apeak Irlih, and 11la1at apeaJd.Da lt lD tu Beue ,1 To a. aepea,1a' a 4ell&hta, B eleotect. .Jobn Ml,U.l wrote .--.sa.Uall7 A greats ewnt blaa befall ill lrlu hlat1017 T1ppenl'J baa clone a wlaer u4 bolder 4M4 tlban her a1at.r aobSe_. t-'7 ,..... .... fbetl Cl.aft el.eo-tlOD won, o ,_ 111ft, what a e4 Oa,bolle BllanoiJMl '1, tor tbe e1Mte4 41ecz-11t1ed Oatbo11o, oOonnell, to r,...at ... Sa Parls.a-t. t 'l'ippera.,..n baft eleohll cJ.s.a-lUlecl tela, oDoDOYan R lD hla eoJWS.ot baYe el .. tlecl, amongat all t!ae illpr1aoJW4 ...... WI'J one whoa BbglaD4 t apeo1al11 abhora beolnUie t. det1e4 11114 deao11D0e4 tlW moat loucU1 COftll .. r ts.1tor .tr a4 .. pa*-4 Jutaa oleoted the at tl peN to NJ"Milt ... Ra.n' el.eotl, fll ocatne, cleelllre4 Bla b .. JDt de OS.d.M to nlMtlo wb.o ba4 been l!MNW bMauae ot lU Mal,h, but weaker :adiclato t5haD. Roeaa an4 na 4eteato4 8 'bJ narrow aaaat.a, The two "hllr P"3eota 1nYolftd Boeaa .q aoa ot the Fi.an ooswie' 'lNt 'bl .... t7 1D INlu4 Out Sd lftlu&t 1' appene4 l Kal Man and hie dM&&b'rJ m4 taba o-...a of Ullite4 Stataea, 'bltcal&h its IG1 ,,tee an P .. lp oalla4 ln'el'ftn1:1CIIl ot tb8 m bobelt ot 'hOM PclaD priaOMra 11bo were

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198 1: .a.rt.o ol,laeu. S..'ftt-1 1t ne la17 an lrUb moY .. nt. laaao Blatt and Oeor BeU7 MOON wre 1' DetMl leader lR\11 1 of Otm'M 1 'he NJ1k a4 t1:a. 1 like 110 ... 1 ... lllbera r4 ,. NYel.\d lozau7 PDl'loa. TM ... oat pNJ' waa a o.rz iaaloa whla, baa alJ1Md7 lMten .. ,1_4, NalMcl 1l'l Nl.eaH ot Jobn ox.a,.,, I oDenehn .leba Drno7 e4 lJl ll'ne With tbe a-Mptl ot .Tobft oJ.Mn, 'tlbo 11ft4 lD Parle ut11 ba na al.low4 I 'o rn 'o INla4, ___ ._. Pentau, 1M1u41ra& ao. .. eal pated to t;ba VDS.W Sil'- ewn 'bit Y-IRlaD&we betOR a ... T-:a.l ot pn .... ra 414 heti pat m eD4 to .... .., acS.Mtilon a4 SA 18'10 ar 18'111 tM Plau teN4 1Dto a ...-ktaa a Uleae with tbe UNl naa1t lD Ol'der 'o e "" 'be FenlaD alll"al auaaloa eoa11'1oa .at naw 1M 4&.aou .... :b!. P!g,Ya-!ftl IMtlcp PoW Jt.. !1a, Aa lcm& u Iftlh lMRJf W exla'e4, the Pealana :t.s N tuae4 all tl'atr1 wlth UJ' atte.pt to HdNaa lJtlah "r '1 .... 1 nulca. Blat aher lta PP"t. Jbp1ea1 fOJIM p1ri7 bact ' Ob a paper w!doh !lot laoatlle o la''

PAGE 228

111 1 MtW, the Dublla Ihn -n.a, 1n 181'1, tor the tlrat an th-bcaaD4 _..,_. ot tbe x.a.a. retname4 o PaJI11awnt, Oeorp Brr Moon. 1'wo ,..,.. la,.,. O'Doftowan RoaN eleote4 'o nJN' ,.,......, at Weatld.nater ln 11>lte ot tbt taot tbat t waa 1n JaU. In 41aould.J1a tbe Pia....,ftl auaalOD polllt Ott lew, tlrat CJeep Ha17 Moore aD4 tt. '-t7 aslta,lca will be nUOM4J tbln tba binb ot tblt B ... Rule w1U be ocmalden4J u4 tiaa117, a tft warda wlU lM aa14 ab011t tbt ..-klftl alllanae bet Peniana and tbe MNl O.OI"p BIDrJ IIOON .n4 tbl '-wat7 ApUtloa Ill 18881 O..p 11eJ7 MoON atocd to-r Par11-nt. Vnaeate4 a'1 ebar .. a tat ba4 been eleote4 eleJIJ.oal ill a tlaS4at1on fir ln the .. ,.1 elenl ot 181'1, llooft bA4 \ume4 ht.. atJttlon bone nelq. H1a fDou.a O.CIIIPP t Koore, boa ln 1811 and 1a latb!J: Wetere uae4 hla Mrll tud.l1ar1t7 with a tNlnlac atabl.e to turn.lah a Mekpou.ld. lila otber acm, Oolenel JlaurlM GeOPp Koc.-e, to\1D4 a oeaneotlc:a be\w._ PJ.-aDil b1a tatblr' deelalon to nturn to po11t1 .U a t1gbtias tONe PSalaa taUe4 tte1'171 '*' it obm:lpcl t nole ld.:Dcl fll tlbe oowabJ. a, 1818 the old ooaplaoent tolafttl ot aoh-n aD4 pol1,1o1ana be4 .....S.alle4, u4 a ft\utdJ lahpeftllleaoe ha4 taliiD lta pla ... MOON an tbat tbt tt.. ha4 oaae when he 101l14 ap1D

PAGE 229

1M be ot tbe aD4 414 no' a aa.et. A sn.:r.l eleeUoa -s. be aol4 h1a Bor e4 S.aaued hla addHaa to tu lM'-1 ot Jla70 0 But tblre waa nera 110M lD'S...te Nlatloa between JIVe and the pbp1Ml tone 8,..-.. na;SBc, ,...,._, &o' attpt \o reoN.l' ldll, lloore took \he PeD1aD oau.. Suppol'hd -,. laellale Uld the I .a .B., Jloore bad no troaltle w:t.ma'f the laot1 Dl'. lla.ft fl7u1 the t\lthare Load Pea1u ehiet, a at\JdeDt ' st. l .. lath' lfua, at tM ts-. tJI ............ lladal'. epleeepal ... ,. aDd a llJU 'old the pHant wrlh bow the RewNDd UUok ao.ft, bMd 6 the aohool aD4 autbo ot aenNl. boob oa tbe Irlah laDI"&&, IUJ)poP\ed JIOOINI a ..... ldaoJ witib nt!:ataS...e Attar h1a elM''- lloON ..,.ed te Loadoa., *-" aa b1a aoa let teU 1ll Bell Ill the MOON t..UJ 11ftd ., tor acaa tJae. ID ... oeo .. Be17 MOON lp.-..1 aept1w tt.n.etnp ot a 0 t.uicm 111b1eb bad bea appolaW to 1DYNtlpt bar -.ssle&t aut ot bJ ItoaaaJ pa-eat-1Da the atrldan' ot u ex-wud abMt' the brutallU Wh1ob ba4 bMD 1Dtl1oMcl OD t;b.e Pen1U Yin M IIOftd all lbfl'l1J7 1Dto tbe V.atlleDt ot poU,leal .,.s..__.a 1la 1Da11ah pr1MU Oil .,... n, 1868, taw .u .. 41aeua ... lb Parl' Ul4 lloore aaDct to a ---.1 -tJ ot tM Peniua, tbel'ebJ' 1. .o. oore, & lit P a1. I 1M P 102e le .0 .lb.., P 380 DOMe 1M PP 666-fJIVJ ...... Ie a. ID\ent Dubl1D, Aug1lat 12, 188,. Anoieat Baa WoY_.., 18'78, P 8J IbS.d-!1 A.ne!.ent ril.iir,'"llaroh 18, J8"11, P.! a18o vx. "'. o. MooH, !!all J!1!! l!t .... 11. wl. a, PP 1'70.211.

PAGE 230

1 8 wiJmSDa \be laatlq SN'lhd.e at Roeaa an4 hla wt.te. InoS.den-a tall.J', Oeorp Moor. 4 nat ae to ba'" been 1ntueate4 1n thla aalta,S.on aD4 ... ,s.. after hla tatbeJt'a death ln 18'10 n bl ' ott.e17 aDd h1e Panalan ot.rala. be waa lllrpr1ae4 ,. t1D4 .. tbe Irlah aula. .... 1ntnate4 IS ln on aoOORid of rq tatber . DQrlllg the iz*erla bets-.n lau ot Parls.-nt ln 19ee, Moor JJHM4 hl In .o "r ot LoD-4on TWa, bl aaorlate4 BD&11ab Nle Ia Iftla4. 'flieD, aa-' a tl1olpet1Ds Yt' belOftd Jlau4 Ooaa.a, be ucle a ,._ataaSDs naponaa tao tbl papara % oan apeak heDOh u weU Haa11ah1 a4 1a Pana a4 1ft Yk, u wll Sa INlud, 1 aball tlld a .,_.,.thlas.aa .as.aoa. It IIJ ... ,., ..... are paaa the _.. will tar ln ehalu 1 I aMll ....,. ,., t.e J.n 4 Yarlng a aal'iAta ot au....... ID tlbloh tbl o ...... Mnt llagland, u4 lta 1Uda et ....... s.aa Nalatu.oe to lta mlatula ... 1D O.aata aa leaa aa lt tI'DM that --'1'7, 1n 'bl IanJ.a:a Ia1 lone ,.. ...... ,Ma, Ill Indla, ln Ja1oa1 an4 ln INlaDd. will be tull.J' a4 apaolt1call7 ataM4.o MOON waa aaas.nect 117 -'7 eluba orpn1M4 b7 'be PenlaDaJ aDd tha ol-ot l.IH Iaaao Batt, juat N 10 leaMd fr4a prl.-, Jo1M4 'he ql'atl BQ,t, ot OOUPM1 not a _. ot the Piaza -let7 1t, perbapa lD or4er to 1 a a .. 1o.

PAGE 231

attreot NeN1' 1 tbe Pia-4Saate4 ._,,., Auatlcm '-' b1a preaiMilt. lo lt tbat OetMr 10,111t, ad' OhalNaa ot an '- -'7 __... Oa'bN, near l lt.a. ()qiDl...t lab att_.. en..... aD4 MOGI'e1 1lb8 ac1d.ftaaecl tJal oiWda, 'Jaa'-4 1a to h1a wt.te tba' OYer tw I lllaD4Jte4 aD4 tlftJ thaud ,..._, Tbe Blnh ot 'be S.. Rule o.,...nt Ia .,, M'e4 '0 ,. ,....w..,. ot ..... ,., uaooSa,laD at .WJ' tS.. wM!l IrS.ah Unlclat 41aOODhll' onr tba dS.ndllbllal tilt Obaroh et INlaacl ha4 .... w 1' J*lk I' s. Dle 'o ._,.., 'SaD I'U.H 'o will the 41 ..... 1e4 UDloala'a 'o 'bllr ..... both 1D ,,bia elee'ioll ad. Sa I O.C.p S..,. ...... Nfual '0 8"PJ*!' Gla4a'a _..... Tl e_..n ot ._. ld.UMU VleMr bne aoouepd. tba Pelaa h CXJIIt .-.sna tr. 'bla 41He'la 'l'ba 11ae tu. "I-the oraag..n 1a that prcwln .. that tbe oonaat Oil oah tor,.. Queen to allow DlaaftiS U\8' abe ftllld ... perj\lft4 U abe as.gn.4 t;:tw b1i11 that lt 1JGUld be onl'thl'ow f/1 OQJI Pr.o\eatant; o tl.tut1CJD ia ChUl'oh aDLt Sta'teJ t;}Wt; .,be n Ulater, 'lbo hl4 4r1Wtn J-II. ftt tbe tbrcm. t 11ke atte ta, WN fta47 ..S 4teJ'IDlned u ewr now b. tlbe -&Oo4 oau 'l'bl R 111-. Plaaagan, obaplaln lathe oraap Soo1etJ1 acl4Maa1Dg a Yan oonoow-ae ot b.la rllOW !ben, publioly wUIMMI all lt m.lslit o_.m i)beit "tt. .r 'Ulatel' ba4 n n klokect OrowD b*o ..,.... It t. Peal were 1e4 ' hope ter Oltaap 'b7 aueh ocm4uot, H 'o lite ctllappIB'e4 Oa the otblr bud, belih 1. a. A.

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lV'I X...o Bqt;' aDd Lner, dlallatled bJ ilba 41Matabl18hJiellt ot tlbe weft ilo 'o their appeal, at laaat to the extent; or ld.lll s.. tflr IMlaDI. ldt h84 lJMD a UA1oa1at a1aber ot PuUaMilt tr 18&8 1 to 1aea. He ba4 4et.D4M ... fl tba Yeuc ill l.M& ua4 P"t1J be .... \o 4etelll ._. IW1181l pl'la .. BJ.a Ylfta 011 lan4 retoa. were aowhat ..-e NcU.oal than thoee ot hla ela Yet, aoocm11Jls to 'he !MJ!lopud.l! J!r1tynl!!, tM .. ldara,1cma wN ll Hap-.ale t bla bftu WS.tlh UD1GD1ata ad b1a --r-leaMI'IIblp ot tlw H-. o..,...a 1wa' Aaaoolat:1cn ot IN1alllllJ ita u waa tbe 41Mat:a'b11atRtnt ot the at tbl 41aeatabl1._1lt ot tbt Irlah elmreb 4Hft attt other Iriah Pro1aeatanta into union with the llat1onalla1aa, 8114 aa leader t:Jt thia 11t:1ca be ewlftd the,... 1 * ot a.. Rua. At large !as -..,. 18, 18'10. Ia l>Qblln 1M lna\tg\lftted t:be a.. ble Mfillllllt;, aDd after b1a eleotlOil Ia 18'71, te LlMrtalr, be towad 'tdlt at tbe hM4 ot a paft7 ot 8'7 --"' lt la peeaDle to c1n tbe hDlau Ia. ot tbt eN41t whloh baa tbltl bMil '1Nl7 attrlbde4 to Ola4ataae& '1M etteot Oil Obarlea Lnw wu ao leea -'I'Skiaa. Aa late the alxtiea, While Brlillab OCIDhl at Spealla, X.. nrrae4 CJatDalllll apSDA wltlaa U.7 n,_. J.ett til JIIIMl'bJ a 11'1\h the PeS... YH bl l8'PI, la a JNfaoe t new .U. tloa O!!etll 0'911tz, be abaene4 one ot tbe obaneten

PAGE 233

as 1D tabe nowl 1 Be waa a .n ot t;he hl ... t OJWI' ot ablUQ-1 aa4 w111h a -Ol"J' ,., MYer 11M u llW4 to later da7 1 w.l4 .. _...b17 JaYe Ma tOWid a tGNaoet *r of I11HftPII' eY1delwe ,., IW&S..'--1 ntber t;haa ehl..-.h ella abllm-nt;, bll4 .._.'-4 pea' Jftl8\&l'e on hS. appMft4 SA r...-a laata acwel, Lw4 J5&1W'!1Jl Wbeee bero ..... to law been luplftcl 1ft pan bJ O IDoDCJftll Roua. U1e boc* Bro. 'tlrde a -rbl book 1a ra4 lq alo.t ut;laaallat .,.,.,biea, oae ot 11bl n.a. at etaannwa beJDc Daaiel "-tia BM4.0eDtr. I who whU ' hla IIMplllll' 11 r ... 0--7 fte bezaolM, WSaa :loa,alftP, lathe et a ONek ,.t.s. aD4 an Iri& ladr. 0... ot bel' altON 1a _,.,.., 'o ,. 1.-d LleuteDallt t;o Il'lud !ha la''-' qUlUiM'l .. tw ,. YiN ftPllt;J "" 4eaeru.t 1rJ X.. Be an ..a.eaaa4or ' c-..ant11lople, on .... tr. bla poe,, aD4 ao tr1J dead 11o Irillh ,_,s.e. 'o be l&DMI'tfalD llleU.. OIJ)ewan R01 a l'aSall -a '-' -, .-1 ,.. .. 1' he ba4 .... of u tbl LS.ca fill l\1dah1 '!Ill k1Jas ot beaetaa or,. Aftb blalwp ot ,..,. ot a Un10D1at t.ftl' wo1le t PMll Hanlsan' 'Jaa'-ot 1lbl Wbl.a hah lt wou14 haw Ia ao wt. aacalat.4 lda 'o as. .. .,.. tMt GJ.a4none 1n oloe orr.o:tCIDde- wl'b on..ftD Roeaa. or 'bati Ch1oblater P eue bad. ,..,11 Sa a a a Head 0tN the Whole Oablnet WN aeONt17 Papiata, u4 held wel conteaa101). atl tlbe teet ot >t. 1QB, be J*t pU' '0 p1IOft In m e&t.-.-17 ..... tift l*ae, Leftr aoe1a'e4 tlbl Pellian

PAGE 234

199 Hea4-oe=n with tbe NY1'ftl ot 'he lrlah aa baYiDe apoliala of t;:t. Cb'eek 1a4e,..._.,., Donopa ,.._ pllectl 'Ill one thS.Jac, JCIIQr ONeu baw an s-ue actTantage owr ua bere. Ill JOUI' poplllar -a JOQ oould eaplOJ 7fll4'r own languase, u4 4eal with 7oqr own wtns 1ft tbe aooenb beoa ,.__ WI.. ha4 t;o tab tbe .... et t:t. OGDqUttNI'1 wh1oh Ut"''ra aulted 'o our tN4S.ts.- 'o our aD4 tNwatW beUl' l Lewr' ltlOSNPblr baa ' t;o "'S. 'J.'1MaaP .t...-ern- o--11, a41 while 4:laoharsina ar-1al 4\ltS.a, waae4 r aga1nat Repeal, bia lateat pol1t1oal utt.,...ea taW\la4 H-. lblle, An oDowll Paper' NJMt .. tlwH poula, tiD4 tbe pl'Oota ttl S.t, pn Mnt4td 1er htelf 1 aN raw Sa tbe et tlw a... l-pb r.t.c.D. x.nt ... to Ml-. a,_..,. a ,., M ahou.14 Ulat te ... a-Rule 1 \nat a 'Rabble Rule.' Popular a71&Nth1ea n bla f..ter wrltiD& !bt beautiful tunal ln :t1lgobb1n'that; brl&laeat heroine ot hla os-eatlon after re.tuaSns aU aorta II orr ... 1e oapt1Yate4 1W aa ual*l bald eenne ot tlbl hldaila, an4 elopea wtth hSa' At; tiM t;S. t ._ lMupNtl.oa of lMao Butt 1 a pftatlal UIODS tla Palea waa Y81'J' bip, Aa a Nault, a.....u.aa to lola ot tt.lr1ak1 a Wlllerat.,'DC an tba b.Jeot et pll., qih,laa waa ... Obl4 betWMD Dal7 at;atea ,., the Pent-. Ol'laina117 apeeecl early Ia t;he 'Setl o a tolerat!oa ot the B-. Rul ..._,, .-alltS..4 'b7 ,1 .. lSaltJ ,.( Ia ,, .... ,, ane ltlldertakin& to c .J Donn or .._._,_ o._ Patam lHMJ-1 t;mt ahoul4 bl tail 'o win .if. ,.,...,. 1 at 1Jl t1 ,_UII M _,14 "liN aDd J.taw tbl field olaar t NY011dl .. IH l.e O e 7A! ft1 P 221 a. w .r. Itnr. PP ua-21t. le o &h, S !.1, PP 3T-ll'!";

PAGE 235

100 1 AMOI'dlllll7, the Dina belped elaot Jobll tt;obtl to ParliaMnt anct, ao....U.D8 to 1'da bt.,...lllltr 1 were inftraenta 1 1n the riae I ot Ot.r1M St;ert hr 'Dl4 fu-.11,' I aU.4 cme who na t-.tllar with Iftab pelltalu, ne --' f!lllJ' J'eftl a'bcatt thla t;S..t Yea,' tM anawr' 'X aaiet:S..a aaw hill with - Tt.7 uaed 'o talk '-' -r aon11111t, ao tar Pal'lleU r tala4 au, but - a ..,.., 11 than klJcelt. .. lmn DOthiDg ...... -ht bl ... lateftlatle4 la Pen1an1am. For that ''- f _, hi.ebd edded, 1ao na " 8Qtt; onen aal4 to at bealnnlng ot tbe .,.._, 'ba' U1e P.,_!ma w" \be beat n 1n Iriah poll,laa.' halaat an4 u_. hle were oertalnl)-a 8004 deal ld:&e4 vpJ aa4 at a dlnntr at Btttta, wt.n it. qaaetaloa ot Wl*lcnr oan414atut-e praotloall7 4eeide4 preaen.t aD4 1Upporte4 Pa,...ll s 1o1m o:o.OWD Roe ad _......, Pelliau 41aappron4 ot neb trattla11:1D8 with .-.1 auus._, 84, MOGI'd las o Wllliall oan., I oan.ea, oba1...,_ ot tbl INJI't eouaoll, hK tCNble with "* ad tlle ot tbe a..-t.rboocl oo at leaat ..... s.oaa I bad. the pJ'iYllep ot ltaD41na by h1tl a!de ou da7 1D --Cark Park, when ot 7CND8 ...._ bM4a ot ol'J t 01Jtolea t --lD'e Nftlt 8DI .,. -..pted bf D raro to ,, .. ,. p1a't .. ot a.. lhiJA 'Ill& Be t.l4 tM pla,tea, aDd pat t;lw hi* beau tlftll7 doe.e Ill Ootoller, 18'11, ..... .. .. to zuw '0 e andee t;)W Home Rule aslta111oa. Be "'' .. oat .Tobft n.17 'o ebal'l hSa with abaallna p)Qaioal r..... On 'he aDniWftal"J ot ,. llaza&lwatw Rn apia a11taoD4 .... 1 aual, 'h18 tiM at a

PAGE 236

201 1 'Sac 1Jl. -.w Yelle. She'tlJ tahe sree-Mnt wi'h att elapM4a t;S. apee4 upon expired 1n li'NJ 8lt4 IHlaDI nlll wltbelat a ParlS...n' 1 X.l1 waa appo1nte 4 W U. .... en,.._ MOtion of tt. lr1ah Republican BJt-':barbeo41 to put 4olm eG18tlhtl .. 1 agitation 'r t ... w._D Bdt ,., to eldNaa -''1la w.-s.ek, Dll7 waa ars.a'ecl tw 1M41Ba an aa!IINlt oe lt. After 1\S.a .U81dal81 ill J1 Dal)-ot;S...4 to lM4 the l'aJa erto:n o pat 4._ --o-..tlwtS.-.1 .. ltatloa br ,_...., !'MS.. boe'lllt,. ,.nllaJtlJ' 41reo'e4 apS.Ut QtCean POWI'e lle1 .._ tbaD IIIJ other MD1 ha4 1Ja 4uoed t! Peniaa to pw U.. aoYIII ant a eu.e. It 1M who OJPScSMt5 .. b 14ea fit a na 'lealla' whll wo w:t.Dga, tbe ... ...,lBc aut ext .... 'loa 1Jl FarlJa_, !.::' tM OD4 ..-.ulftl NTOlaatlaaa., .nhOIIa b. lN .1 Da:J led a laJ!P or to attaa u-_.,laa 1a ..... ... Jlla&lallll, wh1oh ,.... ... .......... aa4 tbn tole 1owec1 ld.a to 1) >n, D4 At tbl laat .... rar.u aa tbl apeaJiare .. ha4 ...... lJ 'bea= Wben ,. t...,lq ot .aDJ t'eet bllaJ.Id 1a \be OGI'I'i4W Uil tba dOON ot tabl :.u wen bUn .,.. 11x bu&lred. l'eftlau at..a. Ill. .,.,. ... ldq --. P.,.11 aaid-' a wOI'd. 1a 4eteMe f6 'he and Met !nrluen\S.l fll hia .Oa tt. oontNJ'7, 1n 4 Daly to 'bt plattorrm 'an old aaaoo1ate ot h1a ln tt1ns .._West Br1tc.>.l8m 1n Iftlan41 eD4 'w1abe4 that Irelc4 .a like ldll.'' 18'11 ,pp. 1 aa4

PAGE 237

!r!r!vrn In Iriat rn -tor the woftlDc ..,...., .ent behMD the Peiaaa aD4 ... 1 aau1oa.1d 1' 1a oan...,1ea a1nae the ant.:r lllto no ....... t'hlt tln' ,.... ws.u Mll '*'' paper bet .. 'Jd. alllaMe wa t--..AJ aa&l -Old will u11 ot auoelatlou with lfl$ tr 11'1 to 18'18 Bet .. Piaa .... Nl luaale AUSan It be ra11 Beft4 Ula' the ._leu W ue4 I-1 a ._1r esa .,... !DJ) Ptoplt tDIIM. AIM 'bl RP- ,...a1oa ot thl w-., aeo..st.q to '' oa .. _., D. 8\tl I aid RloMrcl ,._,, who one4 aD4 e41\ .. 1\ 1 a

PAGE 238

203 1 Irlt!JIIB onee more 'be.... -. 8ell!-att1olal Ptu. epa. Oaetle 'hla oClii'MotlOil -n..n PJ.&o1a' u4 l'elliana and tit. plate on the 1na14e oowr ot tt. btiwl4 MJ7 ot MllM! tor lM'T preeene4 1n tl lat1oM1 LlbNI'J, ,... ... Sua W ADtleraoa. Pelan De,.n.ld o o. attlla a.n:.. Yet 1Jl tbl uts.adlcm ett 0.. S.mard Shaw, Pi&-'' who a f1'1ad ot h1a JllHn'a 1 W8 a baftlleaa J)e:PIIOJU 11Jte wa (ln 18A) an apparm\17 :baaleaa .tt a.talftl pe,.._ wl'h a a1117-.-ert.l MD.MJ' aDd a alqle .,.,1aaa, eal],tct b7 hla tl'IADt. 1D1ok 8 Pil*'' or ''he jer. '" .AoooJidq :O.Ilaa IJU bet.-. Pl&R' ptlHhaMd 1t arl7 all 'bl lea41ft8 anlolea SA Iz!!!Nn wre nlttea. -,. a o.-r llatra zr 11'fbl Holooaua la ....... ,l.J" attr1bu'e4 ,. bla, it 1a e...U..t ll .. NCil eontilrlle4 to write e41toriala ttW :.. papiJ' Izae14.-aU7, ruaor at one t S. aaortw "!'b. Bolooall8t" to Iaaae BQ1;t, ,..t, lD tt. abaeDM ot more eonere e'Yldeue, sr'' rtlOil that Butt not the .n, ....... be ., .... lbonl7 after the pqbll .. t 1 ot ttt.rbe Ho1ooeun t.a a e apeelal e41t1oa ot 'h lt'rh"P OD. tM SSM lfowa'ber, 181'7,

PAGE 239

liae'' a ... a-.4 u4 .. llt to jall for.peUahlq '' Who be bNu&h' 'o t.Ul, flae'', '' ... olas-4 -lafeNDM tbat lW waa tbe -'he '' UJ rate not; 1D -lftel aDA he offeNd an aplaMtl SD !ala ol- roll,S..l b18na In z.,..,, 1-1 ... Plaott .appeal'M, bet ..... 1 at Capel s .. et hl!M o.n, .... ---ahoul4 --be srante4 ,_ tbl pablJaatloa et HWftl unlawhl Dl aecUt 1otaa 1De1a 'lbiM oona1ate4 oblo1'17 ot arts1o1Ata oontalnlrlg PS.U NpUbliabM trc. nr papera. Ill ed41'I 'here u a4.enu ... t Ill .y:not1o e:'oc:lha, av-JMND'ecl b7 t1suea 98, ee, oh "" a14ore4 M41t1oua ohJicmolog. n.a o_. a letter t.ca t!:M a.., .... v .mn, r.r., to ANbbleblp Maollale, aD4 a leacUas an1oli.l IN-bl71 aU 'be ..,..,.1 \Uala'trt\ll anct ae41tt.ou llftlolea M touad lD 'ba oln lD 11b1eh laa .blleracm1a ap.-s.4. Ill addl'l to "ne aDd tbe otbar 1,_ -' abon, lt ooatalna4 ,._Pula p-!M 1ftc on 'ba l.lbllMoll ot a l'..aeh 1Dfta1oa f/1 lftlal, a .,_, I abola' 1'1D8 tq RetHtn :OW,.r ,.,.., a le'Mr w!d.eh RH be4 -111e4 OU' ot P-'Jad. prlaa1 a HftN CID .taM a4.,.Dt._..a ot a PJaD after tile tallure fill ._ lluell l'laiq 8114 ao.. le''- hla 1. 1e117, after hla s. t-..Malq NJI'laa18 .. t:. ._.blaMr a,eeta " ti'Htet aa JI'UOr fill ...... 1

PAGE 240

la iaM -,_r bl 1Nbl1abe4 T)W iith 8i"i!f: Sa wh1oh1 af'er ,. at,'le ot B1ah0j Be iAtfa .. work, 1W 41aaeote4 the am ot Ir1ah l.edlGI'd1, aDd ..ro1leaaly expOH4 \!all and ta11UN ot Englmd. 'a 1an abaWn 1n 'bl aooial lllMI'J' ot ll-.lali4. l"DOU.ta11J', U. NYt.wa bill' at {II'GWlJII fltl.,.blp be' .,, -.4 .-.u-1 t ... ,....,. ...... __, pNtiet ,. paDUD7 et a alca ot -..1 _..1011 wl'h pJirdeal ,_.. BetON ukiDc \lP Raata oaUnltJl'o ljr1)gpp. aGM or 'bl other authora wbo _... t that paper llhcN14 'be .-n'10M4. Obu-lea l. ... Be ba4 ...... ft1eaee4 ,.._ I )d'laOD Ia Jluleh, lilt, bee et 111-alaalth. aa4 ltlo ... ,._., DtSns ita J111SMS,.1 eti'..S.al ""-" at tbat ts., hu atate4 __ 1Dft.h4 o aGDtribat lr'tre lta leacleN at tlW tS. ..... b WOI'k ot X..e Ddt AD4 _ 81praca. Afto 'be Uberatloa et "-po-11t1oal prlaOUN, O.J. U.kbla lD'Wi'-4 to erir1-b\lte aDd .. nt a r ot edrtlfta,1GIUI, a-. UtN17. e In Mdl'to ,. abo 1' M7 \te -ded ,., Jom KS.,oMl

PAGE 241

1 en4 'l.r. oo..,_. baw al.Jioelllr bea ntl...S.. Still I llu7 Jue ... ,. ot 'M lot, who Ylalte4 I Uekbla In JIUlls.r.h .. la18'70. Iaow..Dal17, lt S.. a eurlou al.dallp' an 'M enS..,1cm In lbieh PenS... :a-14 tbe UD1W4 st;a' 'o DO' ..,, a _,. 1nftate4 1D Unltecl Stat Boada 1ut ot Bdt;lah Oeuola. Roa8a ' Aaaoeilou w1'h thlt Iria-.n OD JUM a, 1191, a _,l,W on..e.ll Roe an Irlah Attain appMftd ill JrlMw. Ill--aut ,_._, 'hla obaJ1814 ' o. AMJtS.O.n x.t,. "J oDcmoYa - and at -'1M o aw' htla Lt.t, whS.b to '1 8 be on,SD\114 1Ult11 .r .. _, 10, 18'1t, bepa. Roau and tbt Piftt; lDMI'Datloaal Roa .. a tint .S.n,lOD appeue4 n-' 1-. nppeaaloa ot --Pla Oc uw wltb 11b1eh Ietrep bd g 10 u preaae4 1' a,.,.\hJ on ,,.11 8th, 16,b, aD4 lln4. on April Mh Pia'' paper pola'e4 a.at tba' one ot tM letM!Saa 11 meJida M4 plJIM1.ecl t. Roe b. La ... alUalMJ ad ao lt 1a not auprulllc tbd 1rl hla tlnti la,,_. 'o 'fr&!lJ ,,., Roaaa

PAGE 242

WJ'O\e kiDI17 PiNt Il*eraatal .. l ad ataMd tabat no ot ,. ,.,_.h reY.:l'Qtio ... s.a w .-,-. aa4 ., o_,_l_ a belP-, 1 1118 bud 'lben ... ill pru-. ot ...... thia SO' Ita. .. lD with bS.8 ollueb aD4 .. ..,. ot b1a at a taNl et cme fl tM o 1 a' u a A a I aa wlt 1Qa ., oe eltlui'J, la .,. pelat em 11bleh1 rq ._...1 ,. ... I 4o n.-wlah W17 obAa.o t to '-114 .,_ Irlah Nllcl ultra t!a'. on-. b1ta at t _, o .... ouon wltb ..-lutlon bit at aow t beiDa a Oc.-.Uat al belftg. a tNe 1 .... aDI tw ., o tloa. wltll 'f.-le ClatUn. Sbl blp,...4 to be la tbe twral, lnat ln aot..JllJ ....... ., Peadera I newr 1a14 an .,.. Mil that au, _. D7 -'ber da7 betON llnM, aal l aeftr apoke to thi wa.a la ., llfe. TM, boJMt, rill aatlar, u trlellda en tlll ... ,Oil M!ot, aD4 aU ot;_. trlerda.a-R' t.t .. lhip 111til t ftltn lDtetMtlGMl ocmtS. ... a I:D 11'11. hrlape h1a mts. btlpM to,. ...._ ltl aMk a Ia IIMIIIIII. Bow.WJt 1 Mara W 1-. lllMtl a atllleld llts.h .... ,loa 8114 W 4ft up a "aelutlca 1ddela eau..t ... .. 4.Ul ...... -JaiJID ...... -.-s.., tMJs SateNtta Ia till X.Ull, eepeeiallJ" lrieh b.lftorra 1e e. BQAela '- .o YSDM4 ot tbe tllrMJMa et tbe Iriah qut ion -.t be begaa to wwk a bS.tt017 II Irela4, *l'ftins ._ ael .. O.elS.O, wllleh he wu able o a.4 ts-._, _. JftJU'IIla a . ot M.S.l, wlth tM n1:1nul lp and P."- ot b1a rn.ut n te ble hill ' wn-. 'be hlftwt ot .,.,. ' ftn' untortuDate1'1, 'blr reolu,1oaaJ'7 taaka J'Nftnte4 h1m ...,. oaft7lng on tbia areat wo lftl' hla aapoateaoe 011 Irelancl with a st .. t-7 pod. W.a tbe '1'1 .. ot 'wo OD tt. wl llt IIUh Jal .. W7

PAGE 243

lhatewr tlbl trrsUate oaun Mea, It'?NB ot PebftQtJ' at, 18'111 a4wn1M4 Rul! Jt. &!. Vgl'Y!tt1 l!tJDW1 llop I.tMM aDd ita at lane Np_.... tbat a braD& ot 'be Z.eraatlanal WelkJDs Mea' Aaaoolatloa waa be tOUDded. Sa a ooatt. On MaNh 11, 1178, ,. tellowills appeaNd. 111 Rou' l aee that Epgl -.4 haDM ud Pfteala aDd Rua11a lll4 all the other P .... a ... *S,q ... ,, .... ab.at tbe Intel'Jla,1aaa1a. 0. 1' be \bai '' S. ...... ot -Nllg1C111 o 1nel1s1on ot 'bl" people. that ,. QNDnS.a are trcRlb1e4t I t.blu aet. Tba tederat1cm ot klnp aft atra14 ot tedeN,lOD fit peoplea, aD4 S.. HONt ot the deDUOlatlclll ot tbe eooS.'J'.a Yet Dd .al:t ,_. Oa,boU. Obuell, bu.t alao tt. Pelllall Gr saltl 111 IN1aD4 waa boat1le ' -. o raeaa1ata. Aa an ple ot tbl boatllitJ' ot t:M tor.er, a lett b7 PatMr Lawlle, tbl II'UIIIl ot O.O.p Jlear7 MOON, to--OW)r 1!!!!14 be I o1e4 All4 l.,.X. O'IIJtl, eba1r.aa ot npre ._..11 fill \M x.a.a., cleOUDDed. 'bl -..r ot Pil-at lDMI'Datlanal blabop JaU'dere aD4 adwooatee ot .tne Before tbl ad ot ,...,. tlhe P1rat X.erAat1-1 ha4 beoc.e 1Baot1Ye 1D INlaDd 8 but 1n t.Gadon lt Ml.4 a aoaatJ _,,, -'lDI 1Jl lew..,. at 10 whlh 'l'bGUI .... 7 Wa A IJNk B u4 J-a It na at tbla on tbat; Reeea arcaaae4 lt7 tbe

PAGE 244

11. Bllrke, Patbar ! Duke aa J- 1070 'o .. 11 1 h1a 2R l?gbl!Mr . n. .. llah h1', tollowlDa 1D the '"' a a tepa ot lfbaolltrq, .... l1.la7 ad Oa1'17lAt, bad bepm a Mrlea ot 1D Wn YOJ'k wltlh t;bl obaenatlon 'bat bet_.. t;he ld Yent ot the bcllah 1n uea ln Ireland u1t:t.r rell gloa. aorall t7, nor f"'' an aD4 that the &lah then 11ft4 lD hol.. 1D U. pcR&JIIt. ta houde adaS.t tied tbat b.la purpOM w.a 'o t'IU'Il Plbllo opinion la. .berloa aplnat Hcae Rule tor Inlaa4a Bla tbrou&hoat h18 lecture 1a, tbat the X.S..h .SOn't uw tao ccwern or le;1alate t \11-elwal.!::t tor tbla he.. leg1alat1on _. a X.1ah Parl t 1fCIIIll4 be a ovae and uot a At that tiM l'atr ' Bta1re 1 ''-' a borD orator a Oo4J badD'tl be a YO!eel waa iD He wa pNftlle4 1lpell 'o "tl7 'o I'P..S.. a-a, ot OtNe, taYOH4 Pathllr BaRe, bu' be reae"e4 tb8 rlaht 'o orltlolM b-'ht Aa I Wl'lte ... lJ.Dea in York n :IJiclleh hlatwlan, u.4 Proade, 1a lecturing ill tbe eit7 tbl t'ltllGil ot INlad and Bliglmd. Be adalta be c-. o.er wU;h the 'YS..W of inducing Arloana to taJre thll aide fd KllclarJd Tblre la another celebrated lecturer lD \be oS.ty a Dalnlou friar tbe ftey. Burke who 1a talking apiut Pt-cNM, aD.4 wblt I notlH 1D both 1a ,., 'tlhile t;alldna fd the '100 J'MI'' tight betwen Bqlaad. an4 Irelui, and appealSDs to the -.rs.eaa peoplA, bo'h ot tbell tpore the taot tha\ holda 1ll ber pJ'iacma 'oda7 ton7 t1t'7 Irl.m.n wboae ottenoe la 'bat tiMJ are ohupcl w1tlh ente"a1Dlna a 4ea1Jre to 1. 1. 1 ora, R!W ttur, PP. ao-au. a. lee P lo a. 'lei luke, !i8DJ! 1D ;jll:tft PP 18-10. t BQlta ,'a Y1u!. sr;tepl7 A
PAGE 245

SlO Roeaa 1\tppN!eN .. r17 in 18'7$. - '. utr '0 lr1lF .. re 4S..ocmtlmae4 and. were llM re!1UMMI tll 18'11. Pl1t bMn OOil 'ut17 tn tiHQble wl'h Dablb. Oaatle after hla lneareentlcm 1n 8 1MB. Ill 11,1, Parl1aaet bad PtlM4 a reaoe ,..,. .,.,tea Aot wb10b eontalne4 ol- -bUac the Ir1h e:uout1n to .S.al 3 ._..1'117 wl'h' 1tM1n u.4 tlbll !JM .2t inlM' ( .... bllr wekl7 omed b7 Plao't ot wbloh lt.pn na ed.ltw). 'fbi .&a' 1DYob4 a Neult ot 'nal .-.11*4 ,,. rtc follow' 1Ds a Plan ahootlrlc artN7 SA PJ.ao't. 1Ja aplte ot tlw defeMe '"' up t h1a b7 Ieaao attt ._, Mel ' fOQr ..the !be Mxt .,... to baYe paaaecl without aon '""ble tor the o-.r ot ki,_P but W.tl:r DQb11n O&!tle ObJe'-4 ' loa,.ta letter beoau When Roan ,.. n.e4 hi! oorreapea4eDM 1D the len tJt &eP'.-.r U, 18'7&, be atateda z oeaaect w11111ll tor J'CN a t.w ,..,.,ago wlwn 'lw poRI"! that IGnl'll Ire1a.D4 tM-hDed 7oa wl'h auppNeelag 701:1r P8JMQ1' 1t I ct14 not auppreaa 'he ...,.eaalon of rq 'hcNIJSa 'biiNlll

PAGE 246

IU BOt lona after b1a wre .. .,..., Roeaa tiOClk oeoaaloa tlo atltaok the all1.-e beten tlbl hniau aDd tbe polr1Da a .. 1 8 lule 1'bla attla* bu al.JIM4J beeJl Md1oM4. Aao\blr al&bjeot whS.oh MCRQti.ed ld.l atltea,lcm W8 'be .-.a.t17 an-t Roaaa oa ion BoQo1oaultl 1rMD Raa NINMCI b11 wellt17 let *r!zp1 tlhe - acw-.nt ba4 J' ptae a ner.alt ill tu peraGD ot 'he Inah..a.rl .. n Dloa BGillMult. Perbapa tbl la'' hiM! an ulterior anln, wt.n u aa 1814 bl :t.4 aaucld Pmla taor \t7 1ntlroluoSac lf'be ot 111 h1a new I pla7, AnM-!1-'oa wbln lt oss.n D.tbllD.. U1 la 41ft1oult 'o bell.re tlhat the OJIOIIrll prcbibl'M aiDaSa& ot aong la Great Brl'aln in 18e8 ao tbtltl 1tl had 'o be t left aut ot ,. Pla7 In 18'7& BauoieauJ.' ,,.... D! Bbp.llp'!y 1D IeAon. Bql.1ah a\141e .. a, pwbape, 1111114 'be plaJ bMauae tbl pnaeJpal I n Q to .. 1 an llluatntllon _,. Phu, altlhfMllb a.et .. l' aaHne4 that b1a etaIrla-.n taken troa a llte aodl Whether aot1Yatle4 b7 a dealN tor pab' 11o1'7, or the hope ot ea41Ds &iabcAI'l .. n ba'"" ot Ba.a1a114, 8 or pnrlo'la or '-1 ... s.u I'JIIJ8tlh7 t tlbl prliOMra, on 1. tuoaaa. Qur Letter, lr1$g, Oet. ao, 18'7&, P 181. a. See P oo. a. 'f. WalM, '1'be a.mr !t. D1on soso1fql!, ,. '' t. .1144..' P a I 'lilih, ..21!.. oi.' I PP 118 1 a-. e. Bouo'IO -1 ou'beftll' lao, on I1Wtr' Wnklz. PebNUJ' lo, 18?'11_,. 1'11. ' Wallh, .S .U., P l.He 1lpl4. p. JD";

PAGE 247

219 J&UU'J 1, 18'71 BoQoloault a4dreaM4 a letter to BeaJaalD D1ene11, PriM later et Baala4. a. aaaertae4 tbat bla plaJ' feudect 011 an eplaole Sa tbl Plall i.Jla'uNettoa aDd pW tw ..... ,,.. ll1a CMtlJ.Dt ot tM pln .. ., M l'epi'OituOMI A J'CNDI X.lah baa 'bMil tW eonTlote4 u4 tnana,_. .. to peul E.,. o01lpllolt7 wlth tba rebellloJl. .. eaoapea to s.oa, aD4 t'Jtca tabeu.e waftJiea to ..Ult hla 1--. Sa InlaM. & polloe eaUMJ7 41aocwe:ra 11111 ,.. ..... bl la ocmalpe4 tao Jll'lc tr. Wbleh be enapea, a n4 eYen ballJ' 11 e'OM4 o treed Q a g_.Nl pardaa, gru.te4 (u4el' poet1oal 11oeDM) 4\lrllaa your !'he pal'dOD la the .d!.B! !I N=M ot ,. --. Jloeaa felt oaU.4 up to -nt 011 .. ..,. aetlca al-l thcNch he na Bot IIQOh Sapreaae4 1 lt. At about tbl ... tS.. he wrt*e to JrlMJ! to hll ot a new II'S.ah.a..ruaar tor tbl eolleot1on ot aoae7 to wage r on BDalu4 wbloh wCNld Nrl'J aore .. lpt with D1ane11 tban a beglJJs lettaer tr a.tolealt. 1'he 11ft ageD07 waa to be mown the 8JdJIII1aMDc hDIJ aD4 I aoe .. a to be ita aeeNtal'J'. Before tbe end ot tbe ,..r bla e eontrlbatlana to lztl'lhMD ell4e4. "' ?Fl Olaa&J'er If baa tel4 ot UD7 0011eeaalona dUiDa tbe J'Mr b 1818 to 18'18. AeOGI'dlll&17, lt opeud wlth a 4uouaaloa. ot W1Ula han Olll4atODe, tba tamoua 1.-.S.r ot t:a. ... ll1h Libeala,

PAGE 248

211 whoee abll1t7 s.a nel4lq tao popular prea.-.are S.. wll Jmoa. Olactatan' two ohlef lGDJ to Irelud 4\lJII.fta thia per1o4 wre tbl ..... ,., ot oenalll Pen1an eonri.ota u11 tbe 41 eatablS.f.lln.Dt fd c.,._. 1'bl s-41.ate oauae Oil Mllloaa .... haft bMa 'be ta,-.1,7 Pen1ans.- 1n 181'7 an4 Jolm Brlsb' .._.. Ola4ataae ll1Mra11'7 'fba Pelaa HDYleta -tt., lDol\111le4 J'olm O'l.Mrr 1 O'De.Ohn Roeaa .r.m n..,. ._7 110n r.IM4 la jall u4 tM rel ttl t.beae .-. atS.late4 tllelJt IJapetb1 t.rtber '1'be 41aeatabllllwtat ot OJ:auoh of IN1u4 BJON Haaflal ill wiSaa X.llh pport; Bwa 'beton lt R-.n OatbGllo hSaNNh7 Mil 'ben ht.eD1117 to unl.S. '1t7 ld.a eure Ola4atoa. bope4 'o win the 1-r _...e et tbe ,.S. hood ud the lalt7. Pw tbl hoatlll.,. of tbe latte ,._,. a aorrow to Joha .-.., ..... an4 1Dfiu-..e4 tbe .. usac lzl the Brt*bera aehooll. Dlaeatabl1a:a..:at 414 not pletel.J 41aaa a--. Oa*olS.o eppoaS.tloa, 'tNt 1t 414 w1n tlwt np. pon ot Mll7 laa4era ot Irlah of mea AU.7 De Yere, WillS.. Alllapaa .U ...... Leoq MJ be o1tec1 llMabla ez-.Ja Ola4atan' oolau tao .. ,. .. ,,., srs,. ...... tou4 a euS.OU parellel -ns the aepaNtlata ttr .. l Nnlt a tN whleh apPfteObe4 'bl na1nare ot an alU.M. Ybl 'loa ot tlfte MD to tbelr ,..,_ 1a tbe MaDeb.ater ou aD4 ot a t..nb, ObaJIIecl wlth blowilac up pr1aoa ln Lond.ea, wen not ... tl7 oo.tao1Ye 'o a 11benl api.Jo111

PAGE 249

814 'uaoa& 1abe Pen1J but Irela:a4 1 a 11DOft1elal natloael antbla _., a proain.at leader ot ,,_ aoral .-alcm.lda to expreaa hia te tbll Yiotllla ot t;be AnotMr Gbataole to 11beN11Q' aaaag Pen1au tlw t .. at.ent ot PaD ocmYlota. O'DoDofta Roeaa t a eaae waa DO torloaa beoauae wae able to -le word ot bla pltpt wt ot pl BMaa bad. apt \lp h1a ns b7 .. walth ot hello lon wb1oh be waa tald.llu ad b7 hla ... ataa aUQgla qa1nn b1a pton. Hla el.otloa to Par11-t "'"aeata. tift tor !lppeni'J .an haYe eneouep4 b1Jl atlll 1t7 ahlac hia that he !lOt ts bQt lt alao 4eii0Utnte4 a Mw-tOW14 wS.UiDifteaa ot tbl pbJaloal toNe pan7 uae Par-11_...,. aaltatlOil aD4 lt tbt:retare aarbd ol-r tle --, __ the ... wS.ac ot tbe aeplratS.at ....... To eno Olll'ac oeo,..atl betwen tbll IIONl 8Ua10G1ata and the Pm1a tbeN waa tJ:. --'7 asltatlon and tbe 41a eatablS..-.t tbl Oblfth ot hladJ aD4 an ....,.ntaatlns 1D 18'10 ar 1871 to ..S.t lD aeeld.aa B-a.J.. !be ..-._,-aptatlOD ... aurapct 'b7 Oewp He1117 Kooa, tatber ot \he ncwellet 1 Gep lloGft P4 laaao Blatt. Cleorp llellJ7 MOON an oathbtwMl -.Mr ot .. 1 tone pal'tJ. Be alao ppme4 b7 U. R.an Oatbollo Obu.roh wben be atoo4 tor el.eotlaa 1a 1-. Beturucl to PvlJaMnt, bl eh ot hla t 1M at talnner to tbl oaun ot -'7, tbiN'bJ wS.Dnlna tbe SNtltu4e ot 01Doftcwaa lobn o X..17 Ul4 Pe1an oh.Uta. Ill 18eg Joine4 1n work b7 Ieue Butt, wbo waa ot \be ._..,,7 o-olatlaa.

PAGE 250

Aeeording to tbe Bnozolopae4y .. 1ztDn&9!1 Ieaao BQ'' na 't1Jtat ctram to tbt aepuetslat; JIOnMnt b7 tbl 41aeatab11ablent ot tbe cn.u-oh ot 1Jielaa4, aD4 Omrlea lA'ftr 1a alao allepd. to haft bem 1nfluened. 1n tbe 41reot1an b)' tbe ocmaidara tlcm_. '!'ban 1a SndiaputablAI oYSd.eDOe tbat tbl 1DtienaU;7 ot Pan1aa alao appealed 11o boflh ... Aeoerd.!Da17, t;ba birth ot tbl B_. llule llnen.t 1ft 18'10 M7 be attr11Nte4 to a ooe11t1aa. ot Irlah hot;oatant 11ho NMl toaerl7 been Un1Giliata with a srCNp 'tlb.Jah belleftd t;o be laDder alan 1Dtlueaee. Proot ot 1lbe aiaMiloo ot ... ot acre .... aag tbe aopaNtlna h a.. Rule 11 o1'tol"ed trr lolm Dal7 et LS..rlok, a oelebNto4 leeder ot tbe Irlah pll7a1oal toree P-'7 The aU1anoe l.aate4 n..-e and dU'lac that ts-Oharlea Stewart Parne U bla clebQt 1n Il'lah poll tlu, more ca-le endaraocl b7 tbe Pensena t'bell, 1n 18'181 tbe ape-nt ea4ec1. l ohn o' Lear7 an4 01 DanOI'an Roaaa hl4 it be ti "" azd perbape, at their a...,..nl, Dlll7 on iaa1oae4 to end 1,. AoetUa.sl7, be led an attaJc on 'lDs wh1h aa....,llftc to Uata o Ddt aDd -&!* to ailaoo JOhn I11 1a alp1t1oant to not;o tlat the P..W.a otfel'K no Ylol_.. to Paraell aDd tbat JobD llal7 OCilaeldo4 to apeak on tba -plat t-. D.lbllJl Iri@MP beo ... apolclea.u tor tbl 1fCII'ldDc al liaDM beta tbe .. nlea aD4 the aonl auaa1CIIl1ata. Be.tore thl alltanoo tonaed, Dablln Oaatlo ha4 aua,..,e4 'bl Pmlan .,._ ot t;hla p.-iOIII.S..l. AD4 1n Ja ... rr, 188a, RtohUd PSCt, lta <*Mil' and DO'Ilnal e41,or, arr.a,e4 aDd een,enee4 'o prlaoD tar prln'lDa 'hral unlawful an4 ae41t1cu.a artilol.ea,

PAGE 251

ale 1n hia paper. Perbapa 'he aoat lD.tlaaatWJ ot tbeae "Tbe Holooauat whlob baa 'bMn pae:rell7 aacrlbe4 to Oeorp Sl .. N& but a letter trca RoaN wh10h relate4 tba bl'\lta11t1e a lnt'llote4 upan hla 1n pJ'iaon waa not welo01111 to 'be author1t1 P18ott 'a paper 1a alao 1ntieNati.Da beoauae ot lta book rev1ewa and artlolea b7 Cbarlea J. lt1akbul, Raben Dw'7'er JOJOe, .Tobn tobe1 and P. O'Connor. In 18'71, at about the aUte tiM that tbe hn1aDa aD4 tl mol'tll suaa1cm1ats had tbllr w011c:Sng acN-nt, ooanan Roaaa, who bad jut been releaae4 troa prlaCIIl, beo-a nplal' to Plgott' a paper. Par !r1!b!ln not oal.7 publi.m.ct an lnatallalftt ot O'DoDQ!!D Rwea'a PE1fQ!1 .w.t e-nrr week t OYer two 1ft aN, but a lao .29 rtoap Letter una117 writ tell by hia. Ra.aa expreaae4 h1a opln10111 on UDJ' toploa 1n ItbMg. B1a ada1rat1on tor tbl P1rat lnterDational haYe enoCNRp4 Marx' a o!"gan 1aat1on 1n 1t a tut 1le at,-.pt to torm a bnneh 1n Irelan4J ,.t the IJtlah Pen1ea jolnecl the RCIIan O!thollo OJ:aaroh 1n tbe Co "nlata. lila attHk on J- AnthfaQ' Proude k tbe a attpt to 'Qftl publl op1n1oa 1n AMrS.Oa aplnat He.. Rule na xe4 with a Ol'ltlo1n tor Pather 'l'ca Burke' lack ot a,.path7 tor tbe ph1J11oal tOJIOe _part7. Wee4, ao treel:J did he expreaa h1elt a bout tbe p-.ra that gowrn Irelan4 that Plgt:*t was taroed to auppreaa h1a oaa.trlw,laaa t a while. In 18'78 RCNiaa' 1 writlt.Dsa tor Irla'ltn were 1Dtl._.DN4 b7 Don Bcuoioault'a ettorta to win aneaty tor the Pen1au atlll 1n pr11CIIle It was alao 1n thla 7ear tblat be beo-1nvelw4 1R the :atd.rmlahlng Pund and that h1a oantl'1but1ona to

PAGE 252

217 2be Sklrmlallb& .... a te ra1a a-.1 tor u -4eolan4 war up .. 1-a. an Irl.lb ... J'10D ,.ojeot;. !'be Jlqaloal toroe 1111'1Mat SA AMrioa 1' be DOW, W aot ,., &ftA'd anr --lou to leftl naa1cm pat7.



PAGE 1

t OBAP.l'BR XXI 'lBB IR I LABOR MOVBDft dlaeueeloa ot the lPllb ... at w.lll 41e4 into tbJtee 'PUt Plrst, I 1 Co 117 and ... LaPld.a w111 be lat uoe4. S..ea4, the IN&t l>ublln sblke ot 1111 w111 be MAbd thiN., the lPlah Oltlse Aftq Noelw attt tl IA the enaulq nmattu about James Co 117 aDd Ja 1 t.. kln, wlll be glea to CoanoUJ b"auae he waa the flPit on Atte Larkla hae bee cllaouea a few M.Uka about the lrlab aftd hnenl Worken' Ualoa w111 leo be ade. to latro4u Ja 1 0 anol17 a rew woJI'ds wlll 'be aald. ab u' the relatloaa bet Ir1eh labor and the Pea1aDI before 189d. laue C 117 and the Irlab 8 .allet Itepu.blloa Part7 ts---18 to ltoa w111 be d1eeuaee4. lrteh x.b r ud the Peaiau 'betoN 1811 fb.e Peni&M were tr1eDdl7 both to blah labor aad the Plrat 1 11\t rnatlo 1 aa the da71 of lrle reo ID the 'ftn \1 a a ot a 111 eatlt1e4 9 PI &t! lrl h Poets appe-..4 'Dublla lne. 0 ot the poets wae Charl r. 01Co Be

PAGE 2

1 waa deaor1b a Oaello s,eabr aDd the author of !!!! 0J1'$!!lc t e title ot whlob, at le at, antlo1pate4 Jamea 1 tepheaa b7 oN tha. a qune ot a oeaturr. t oOoMor 1a tlo at thia polllt b a e ot what the author ot eert .. aald ot hlaa !'be B ll1h do rao7 t A 'YO eel hia not, he a Pebel' -l 1 1t mlat&ke to that 1aaa ol bet a wb a oen lll big d11a1t P'J or the 0 thollo Cbul'oh haa wtael7 or uawlael7 --1f1 tb. t tall ta, 0 lets, Red Ryntb ot the Co t Duf. t 1 a ltatlo ot tbe 'elptlee thla tS.-up b e ... s the two re 1ut1oa rt OJCaa1sat1ou wae e what ob urecl, lJl 18 l wa brou t to 11 bt a alll whe J nno117 auola tol"'liq the Irleh loolallat Reptlblloan Pan,-. Oormolly' ,_Palo bOw he 00 plllhe4 thll W 8 NOO.rded 18 .,, I.s.R.P waa touaded 1D Dubllll 1a 1896 b7 a few work 1 ter d auooe-.4 ln latePe t JA8 1a hll pro eltlon tha t two current of reol tloDaPJ th ht 1ft Jrel - the 1001 11at &ad the aatto 1 were not tq 1 tl. but o ple nt ey 4 t t the ll"i h aoel 11 w la reallt7 the b lrl h tP1ot, bu in order to ooaYlace the Irleh peo le of th t t ct be must flrat 1 PD to 1 ole lmral'4 up a I laftd tor hla juat1t1oa ion, Pea t hll wrtn .. ta upo the taot ot ll'lah an4 b h p1oa aaalnat aubje tlon ot Ireland nd 1 1 that it 11 That the lrlah queat1o at bottaa an aOGDO qu atlon, ba the eoo 1 et le t t1ret be a ble to tunct1oa t 11 tlon lly before it could t ot1o lntes-t1onally, and aa 1001 11ata r o poaed to all oppr a loa ao should ... .,. be toPe at 1 the 4 117 battl asatn t all lta !teat tto oo1al Dd po11tloal.' .... Coaoll7 aad the :X.& loet&ttet 1f'lb11oaa Pan,, 11MGI PPoia 1806 to 19UJ the .oat re.olutloaai'J llbr ot tbe Is-lab. labor ao.vemellt JarNa Oouoll7 Ia the 1atrocluot ion t o the ai"Oh 1'1, 18..,, p.602, 1-16f.

PAGE 3

1041 ".&Mloan 841 tton ot arta Boa M xpl lu4 how be eapeet4Ml 1a11 .. to talc!t the pl ot the fealaua the thou t ot NYOlutlon the exoluat R1on ot t t re nt ot tlbe aeo!"et aoo let tea o t .aat senerat10ft and Wal DeYer ntloned by thea ex oe t with beada oloaly to,.tber .,.. t e artullJ 1 1 nel tl eoelaltsta b roke throu b tbie rldlouloua a ON07 and lft h\mdredl ct ape e obea 1 n the t publica plaoea ot the tro lie, a a well 1ft eoorea ot thou n4 ot -leoe ot literature ao ttend tnroqh the t.,-1 tbe l r rpo to a ter all tbe tone a ot Labour to'l' a reYolutlonar7 Neon. tPUottoa.l fbia oa.bl tlon ot Peataalaa &D4 aoolalt .. haa beea traee4 aok t o CoDD0117' earll dqe Sa ot1a a Jle CNt17 lAfluenoe4 bJ Joba Lealie, a Pen1a.a nd a aootaltat. Lealie note a pblet, _.ntt. Prr Oono1-U. !L Qta,eatl;t Which dea!rwltiK I ohe.ei liaii't1Ts.,.Dd'teacu aiatloa t a SootalS,at point ot .,. .. V te4.1J waa a f._tlft lal'lueDOe OoanollJ 1a hla on. 101181 ot ""lt aftd 1 hte h1etoP1oal nltlace, followed the 11aea tatatly .. bJ hla lJ auld Leel&. 414 not 1to at pldlq C uolly' s ln4, but urgecl hill to hlmalt to bulldlq u.-p a Soo1allat Pan,. lD IN1aad. V hie arrt 1 la DU-lla, Coaaol17 not 01117 about 111 the Irleh 8oola11et Repub11oan Part7 but al10 eeught to Ia l'enlan tul)MI't b7 oontttlbutlna t e J!'!!a !p Votk,, wbleh ee.t-ottlo1 1 I.R.s. OP ae at that tt.e. Bla tlrat artlole ema to haft app aNd bl tbat paper la oftaber 18 a B. s._ c. PollaN . I"i 'riii,., .!t.. xa1as, P 10'1. B. Pa, I Pili! 1 'P S: t ... Pll 820:r; a. ofaep BlblloCphlea ot 101e and the Irlah Ren lutto Du.b 1 laps Al)rtl.Juae,lOM, P ea.

PAGE 4

1042 labor. P. s. OtB AHJ 4atd t a ae bal appeare4 b t a. ox 1 In 181'7 C 11,-_. who a pal o:rs n1 ro. the Irleb s lallet Part7, tookpart, alo with ' Bt Yeata a aftd Maud GoDil4t, t t aatljubllee 4._,_tratlo1U1 1a lta. The be dotde4 to atart a Aewapa.pttrl &eeot'dlas to a. J'ox, lt la thta ,.,.,. that Co1mo117 b1a Laber I X:rlg Blatme whloh ae to be oo.rpletH 1a lara While be 1!l AM WMa tt ap,.aN4 e1 a bo k, Coaaou,., who ha4 quot 10 8taa41eb aDd All e ltoptoP4 Qpeell wl tll approal, be11ee4 that le!bour Ja Irtg lit on; waa not alcme ua. tint aft4 onlJ 1"-17 tP ara Irlah Labour ataDdpotat ot 11 the IU1t0at7 ot ble oouat17" t al1o par ot the 11 teatve ot be Oeltl la I hla Porewg!!\ be ,..o ea s. 10. 11.

PAGE 5

a 1043 Bence b l i e t t th1a book, atte t l to d plot the tt1tude or t e ed a ot the Irish o le 1n the r.at or a1a or modern IP1ah hlatoPJ, J ju tly be looked upoB rt ot t lit rature ot the Gaello reYi 1. 0 ello lansu e, 1oorned b t h e poas 1alag ol a ea, 10 t and fo 1ta laat rortre a la the h art n h a ot the 'lower oPdert' to relaau tr theaoe 1a OOP o 1 to what wr ter bl1eT< 1 to be a g reat r and e endu pl oe in o1atloa thaD ot old. . The at t patr1ot1a o r the lriah o plt llat ol s rlial lt doe upoa t e ru ture with 0. llo tr dltlon, wlll, ot oourae, r jeot th1a oonoeptloa la 18ot the aootall t Republ1oan Party joined the pne- IP1ah C ttH a theNbJ Oouoll)', who ba4 alreaq I a alated with Maud oane, b.. tam!llar w1th Joha O''-P7 I Art bait Cblttlth la 1900, df.'leaat tr: Co ollJ' attended the lD 4 ternatlanl 8oolal1at COftl"ll at Puts, aDd Nt later t. the pl'Ohe41 1a the I taoe to tb& '-rloe e4ltl ot 11-la' It wa t Y1otorl ted Ireland 1 1Sbl ot a. Yeate, G or hud GoBM, Wlllle Rooae7 and APthul" &r1tt1th. e Kart n, 11w 1 te the troat 1a oraal!ns publlo protest" aD4 111 ed Steato la ltbloh he oo ..-4 aoaaPO!JJ't h llelnc 4o that then 11 nothing 011 earth more 1aol'ed. th D1t7 1 ... deftJ all alle&l 110e to thla la-atl utloa ot ro,alt7 .,_ ld..S aoouto d to politlcal ld. 0 1117 be MOOD011ed to I lal 1dn.p O&pf. t kina ot tbe1wom 1 the 11111, the nllny, the hlp aDA tM 4oeka l J. Connolly, cit., P xl11. 2. .a. KnoBride, A flr!!.!!,t !?!.. !ll!, Queen, pn. 226-228. 3 See PP M:S-84Se 4. See PP 6'10-6'71. &. B11 e. s. Dublin llasazln 3ec P See PP 8(,.;..e491 See p.85'1. of 1916 and the Irleh Reyolut!.on, 1938, P &2. 9 .?'ox, o-o. ett., r.>. 9 2

PAGE 6

a ared la 1 0 D t ., t p 11 l' wb1 0 U7 SC t a United a M Itt r t 1044 R. Pos II 0 1 ... elt With th 'YOlU t t. t h e o 1 al 1n be was o h o e.o to 0 o t t 1 endl elation tw n 0JtUt1t la a '1 at for rl ' !!!a wh1oh 11'18 1 aa4 a11 artl le whloh the tor-,.. toP J 9031 tall l and v1 nt t h on 7 & 4 J-&1 bJ a le t ure tour 1a rloa n.lgr t d to the tl ot .... Oonhol J, IP1 s h 1 bor OV nt 1 ked NY01utlo r y lead PI 1p 1 1 t h e r nee ot Ja. ., ld.a Ul"1D8 t doo labor.r trike "1n lta e on J 26,

PAGE 7

1045 1 1907." moat con picuo. 1 rea dul'iAfl the iftter ere 2 a :J>wal.e She by ett in o NCl R7 n nd P. T. D alJ li>ut the .... re dillet ta o red with Larkl .. oae aole l iftlihood w rned a a a union or a 1z r. h a lo 1 Valoa ot D k LabouN Dd General Pbtte UnioA 1'14 t 11"1 Tr It 1 a an or ant er tor t lattona l Union or Dook Lab rera s t at r ill had ap-pe r d in Belfast and bad at ot d a t or ry cs oltd r1t:y t .. en Proteet n t a Ro n 0 tbolic or r or th cond1 tlon ot "unakllled" 1 bo r 1n Belt et d blin t thia ti P. Rraa aaids .. '1. p rt t what sooiettea o t geoera l labourr and otbera eard tr onnoll J 1n tM ltr ni tie a nd P1J 1a t new cen tU-7 11tt l hilll ot La bour' to I'd 1lo an p1r1t 4 rea d tbia h r e discontented p Pall h lpl boat 1 while t n fttt J&Oftnta, l11at t Q a e 1c IA , 81Dn Fein, t I u,.S.l R e -v1v 1, au h a lt ere 11 r tr Ll 01Fl rt7; Y ry bit erl7, !he of he Du lin al h a t it a ered .. h d re-.1ouelr out ot t baae ot aiD le t o ion o t the Ir11h nation oft nt u Or1ttlth 1 bl4 the ltee 1 at. tM prlate lo thed 1 8 2 ? 2 R e4JDoD4

PAGE 8

1046 0'1'1\hert7' 1 ex elleat but lt aheuld be DOted that 1 the I R.a. ne tr1 n417 and t la ad 1 lo to 8heeh7.Sk.t t aDd. P f Dal'J, P .. edt tor ot the Arlab 2 feas a t, tbethl Larll:b HM1Md la t & 111 latle al tralo Gr Dook Labour, de pi t e cU.tt ul t le , t 11 '1, 1 Du.P1 thla tt... be h 4 be .a.t.cS t tbl c .. e ot tM btl 'fN4e U Co Aft h* ... llah tJJ1l an apo r t tall to ...... taa t tll 1810 a he wae teaponrl Ia thla the 0 rea a w at tr GPl.t flt I 2,2 ......... ..PI!MojiiP_"!Mii ____ ., 2"1'?

PAGE 9

1047 ' a the I rleh J atl T w ttnlo prooee4e4 t o loa a etrik 1a CoP but to t euppOJI't ot W 1 ho wrote1 pel' waa b rD la Ireland but w 1 t t td o t Gel to r a al c 'be Ileh t1'"7 8 let," to wh1oh Pathe Bron alluded w eovee, .!!!!. :p=tah Ll!rn lt e'Y1!!1 whlob appeaMCl lB 1 894 aAd alN&clf bn NfePl'ed. te. The whtoh R7an e41tect 1Jl 1 .lNl d haYe been d eaeP1be4 b7 h1 1a Pe' Areea IJId.

PAGE 10

1048 Irish Ration appeared two years atter R7an h ad taken oer-the lr1ab Peaaant in 19E17J an.t continued the dis quietl.ng pol1o1 1 ot ita two a On labour ueet1one, or rural lives quite untouched b7 land ot and 1n numeroue other wtth vested interests or eocial seltlehneas cur programme proved d1stlnctly d1aturbing. What the lr1ab lat loy oe.lled a-ppl1e4 Chr1et1aa1ty waa deaortbed br thi anttroo as tloc1al1a11/ and that a aa1UIIIed to be d1abol1oal, 2 Among the contributor to Ryan's nepera were Fred R7an, 5 6 RObert LJnd, P 8t OfBGsartJ, Al1oe M1ll1gnn, Osthal O'Shannon ...,. . .....-' '1 Mae.-Sta ni"!lah J. oorad7, hose ooatrlbutlona More a1gnit1cant than these, perhaps, waa 8 "the eilnr-h.Alred. Tory Communist s or," 9 followed a vtalt to R7an 1n 1{108, 0 t Orad7, Who hal alrea4:y bee a meat 1oned a a n the father ot 11 10 lreland1a literary real, 1 2 a deotee ot Walt Whitman a nd a student ot HeDrJ Georce, wae, tD addit1oa, a h11,ortan of pre 13 Christian IPeland and an lriah Conaerat1e who had expreesed h1a 1 be lief in "the right a.nd duty ot the arletoorao,. to l3a4." To be

PAGE 11

1049 1 la 18 h d -...... faorably ot Jb.yeloal force J but teed Pi 111 in u h a wa7 to 1re ot T. W Roll on, ot whoa he had. preYloual)' aa4e a 2 Penta. at o. w. uaeell dee :rlbe u 3 t cllatl tlo o u Irleh aepantla\. I eplte of tble tndlotoPJ b a a rlton," in oo oGra4J t haYe to 7 publl att 7 t of aoeS.al rl\lo1 wtlloh ba4&1'l"tred la 1t aacl wblob RJa n dee rlbed aa tollowe: ornra, countPJ houaina' e Ylla, tt. often 4 1 ed aded ooadl ton ot labour rth and th, the aoola P&l bll t 1ft tow a, poor law no 11e a pro 1... ot weatettn 1 abe , and kel buraere, d a o of other thl ta kld w k la w ek t 1 o t t tot s e:re allllf Malta 1 nota blJ 1 1n a aerie o Dubl 11 by a Va and Jd N4 ODe a 1 the a I Pe whloh a poOl' taw 0& t!oul wu eaabld o dpaw t S.e 4 llJ ex perle . Pn bl7 Lal'kl w a c1Pawa to tt. oftloe ot the lrtah 6 latl b7 tbe tht that ba4 attNetecl taa41ah O'GP&dJ whlob I 0011.Doll7 had bel.,e4 to tou.ftd 1 the United tatea, t ... the 1r1!b Jatt tttoe whea lt w a traa.te:re4 to Dublla 7 1n J nuar1 191 At an7 r a 1 1t ae tr t t 1 tor a brtet Un1 t t the Irlah !r .port aad Oe ral Workers' te 1 t hie ot the Irish labor ove .. Dt 1. e a. s 1

PAGE 12

1050 The Retura ot James CoMoll'J 'l'he year 1910 waa made ev n more important bJ the return of James CouollJ to Ireland.. Ia Juae The HarE, 1Jl which CouollJ 1 had adooate4 ladustrlal un1on1.a, waa toroed to auapen4 publl catioa aa a result ot Larkla' "taoult7 or attraotiag libel actions, 2 whloh made hta papera lnteret1Dg while the,-lat" Shortly atterw&JI4, OoanollJ arriwd oa a leotUJ"e tour. Altbou p he toUJid that Larkin bad juat heen nt to jail, he waa UDd ed.& Be set forth on h1a lecture la oentree aa r r ap rt a D\lblln, Beltaat, nd Cork. He waa en ased regularlJ e ercanlzer tor the Soolalit PaPtJ ot Irel D4, a complex body ta which Peadar O'Malo1a, Franola Sheeb7Skefflng to Pre4 R7an1 Walter Oappenter, R. J. Mortiahe4, and Seamua 1J Pice aaoacat the aotlft aplr1t ConnollJ lJ jolMd tt. Ir1ah 'l'raupa;t aD4 te :ral Worker Union Oa 0 tober 1, 1910 whea Larkla a released, perhap as a P sult ot a stll"riq appeal bJ Daalel Oorker, which appeared la 1!!!, Le!4,t, Ccnmoll7 waa atlll la IrelandJ and. a nth 1 te be waa prObablJ tort1ft.d la h1e IDlnc reaol.e aot to return to Amerloa b7 t h e or the DeW I.R.s. orsan, lrlsh Freedom. Por the new paJ)eP not onl7 extolled hla recent Yolume, Labour .!! a B1ttorz, ae "a book Which we 1tron1l7 adY1se OUP readera te get" but lao expreeaed lta t h 7 tor Irish labor elsewherea file t1rat m.uaber ot lr1tb Pr!f! had aa article oa sw ated 1D4uatrlea, ou lational1et talked aa 1t Beltaat wePe the onl7 plaoe lft Ireland where w orkers were uaderpald, 1Uft7 lat1on.allata wen o,_n to the same reproach. It pointed out tbe dut'J or the UJ11Yere1t1es in the matter,

PAGE 13

1051 pl a dlng for a re l l y o1ent1t1c study or Irtsb c o n 10 problem, 1nelud1n ( b e 1d s t h ea ) t m ) u o h q u estions n s t ork1n o t th L a n d A cts, Co-op r t1on, th cond1 ton or h e C on ted D 1 r iots. It leo d with enthus1 sat Co-o t ov m e nt. 'Th e coo r-t1Te plr1t, t s 1 d '1s rb pa e gre t t sat 1a modern Ireland n d t will equtre atron r f l e t e spa hee or political f trebr nda to 1 1 t '1' Such nte, p:reaua b1y, reeonc 1 1 d Connolly to t h e dls-2 continuanH ot P. R7 n1 be he wrote to bla w1te 1a t ton. At an, r ate, I n lovom -b a e to .., It-el nd. 1t7 1911 ConnollJ' 4 hl1 t m117 had ttled 1a their w ho.e and he had a f'ull-tt. ob with rkln' union& 'l' heae t o men ... eo d 1 1a1la1' in per ment en ooabla t1oa. -t ou h 1n 1911, Conno lly w looat d la 1t t as Seer t P'J a n 4 Or an1ser o t t Union 1n Ulster, t eH 1 a o doubt t at h s ex r1e nc s la !"le a ae or1 ntzer of the I.w.w., nd J:ll'O n 1st ot Indu.atr1 1 n1onta, belpe4 to S.n tb I P1 b T r ns ort Unlon itt t eor.tio 1 b s1 He bad lo be n kno too 1 aa adYOOf\ ot Sepantiam ot a Ir ab or ra' R e publlo. LaP la, 1 y h11 latto: t rvo\11" d ploture1que r 11ty, plou d de t u r rol 1D wblob Ooano11J ecrnd t e aeect ot l"eY01utlon ry thousht. The lr1al! !raell'l'l .,!!!l Gee! Workers Vn1oa, 1911 The ot the Ir1 b labor mo.e ent b t w e e n 1911 a nd e th outbreak of he tP1ke ea August ea, 1913 7 be di-ln ccount or t e aot1Yit1 ot t Irlah P naport and G n l'al Ol"kePat Untcm, ON olttoallr 1n oo i de t1on ot Iris h orker aDd 1 a trtend1 aDd toe.

PAGE 14

1052 lrllh WoVz., w h1oh waa lJUbllahed ln Du.blla at LlMl"tJ Ball b7 tbe lr1ah 0 o,eratlft Preaa1 w a s troa lte ... atl 1D 19111 dl te uo 1 June 261 opiea ol4, 1A JUlJ I ,500, 1n A ust ? 17501 1 Se te e r 94,g P Irish eklJ prol t r1 or & atlo jour 11 t otrou1at1 aatont bing; nd 1t ba. been uoh rt tJ the ' oht PJ aa :bl to et 'h 4 L rk1a wpote a atlrrl 1tol 1 to the t1ret t :aau 1 the "Call to A la whleh be a aled to the wor to t ke ah rea la the Pre Be 1 ert da l Workefi. 11 1 be a 1 p to utde7ou t t 1a the JllC of l t u 1 J well ot Mlth re-fle 1 he U:7 ot 70 r tlwa, aD4 a weeklJ ha uet t wb1oh wlll ar1ae at" ae4 1 U poae to emu 1 te the 4eedl ot your tor tathert 1 who died lJl eon 1 attold 1ft e B et a lorlo s r u r Notlon belo..C u.atl'7 a Ir1aJl aM t)Mt Xl .. fe v1att la 1911, the lloe, aoa 'f 8 411h a t 1 lol na and aueb plo7 1111 uph'J 9 10 11 ChaP lei ... It wa tPlo lo ot oour P .. labo hape 4latl llhed 00 tributor to the or 1 t Irlell ., .. a 4 Geaeral an Untoa we" k kla, 13 14 Oo llJ, oCJ' (t 4 llat) anc:t, at lea1t one 1. 2 8 s 6. 9 10. u. 11. 1 4 5

PAGE 15

1053 1 ble oooaas.oa, w a. Yeata. A t1tth ooatrS.butor Kaew Oaftaasb, h Oo 117 oe d. aorS.bed 11tM poe ot the 2 s a.. lutlo Al .. &d)' welllmOtm aa a Gaelic La er, a wu 117 eleb t la labor o1POlea It PJ'Ilenda and Poee Aa x le or the u.ae to whlell the Union waa able. to 'PUt lta 1 1M aoted 1a the o ot a a,taae., atP Ia t h e laat week t 0 t lfll, Co 117 aounoed '"at-ahop oondltlona A at 1ke eneu might ha 1N eapeote4 !be SJ>laMra r 4 o ut, aDd all othera 1 ot followed. Alto etMI' owr 1,100 wo a trla er. .. out, ancS at their at were or ata b)' Oo oll7 Jo othe r trade 1 la er t h .. ar h or eaoour eat. The p l ra thPe t d t o look-out the At etl tn t. aa17 Hall, peok.ct t o eYel'J oo a.eoo enthual-aetl 1rla and womea 1 a olutloa looa1 the eatablla at ot a textS. e brano ot tb Tr a rt aQd 0 ral Work' Vat u dla to 1-wllli aatl t eoDdltt te be ae4 t 11 exaaple ot the aot ot t'Plead8 whloh ... Rail lrth !etellee ale .. ,. be ted 1a utlole ..d

PAGE 16

1054 It is not 111 Kr. ft7aa' en! 11 toleMntt .... ,.., plrlt th t the tight oler1o 11e o an b aueoeaatullJ d l1"1all olerloal1 Will et lte e 111 the haada ot tbe Iriah Labour a 'ftMDt wh eh, b7 e1ap1J' e;olas about 1 ta own b'GIS.nea and 1gaor1 thAt tuPJ which t Olergy DN.at oontlaue to 1 v1ah upoa 1t w!ll pPne etteot19elJ ahattelns toroe. It will not be ao e ul ture4, or ao bpoad .. lad. or o A" ble ill all its aa,-ota u Mr. R7an' attitudeJ but lt will wta. It la not wi t:hout al lttoaa that 12r ontha att e r dath ot tb4t t .I:rlah llatlo apteaM4 tM 'lalla loPker*l or tha' ita olPOulatl 11 lft op1su tlmee that wh oh the 'Peas ani: t able te .. lata a. In add1t1ea te the wbloh Lald.a' oolat.ioD mad.e thr-ough tbe lr1 b orJrr, theH ere thoae who wel'e ma.d.e bJ 1 t1 Pllcea. In thla coM o t1on tbt ot laaoDD Ceaant baa alrad;J bee ttoM4 w1tb Ntenao to the atr1ke 1a We:doPd whioh la1ted a thpeup t w1nt ot 1111 r. ' Dal7, OJI1Caa1z tor tlw Ir1 h aDd GenePal WoPkePa' Valoa aad mbe of the I Su ._ .. Oo.noll ot the I.R.B. ta obar1 .atll hla 1apP1ao nt foP "1 e1tlns to Plot la Janua,.,., 1Gl2J I DOllr aad akllltull,-usotl ted a v1oto17 &Pree t and thea COD-lt to tbla 1 that IPlah Ft!td!! alluded 1n aa artlole oa 8D!10l&!J! .!a tb! I!I!!Ut P&PM 11 r YOP1 ma.xla that the battle weu lc! not b e la t-be Bouae ot but on the r olaented holdlnga of Ire 1 the 1"1" g apel ot 17Dd1oall Q.lt a ftWibel" ot the people who ha" n h.&raaplns ttut stPlkera la pr lat durt.ng the lut t w eke would baw beea better .. plOJd slaalal ,.,.. ele n:tat7 t ote about the land atJtlke ot 'hbt,-:Ye&PI a o tr the ahllllq edltloa ot Barr7 OIBrlfi' tpal'" 11' OP r 'l'e Pe O'C onnor's 'Par. ll KoYe nt.

PAGE 17

1055 7 l.ta .,. tbPO Irla toea .. 11 1-r te aft t lal .. 1S b Oaraoa l.ltl alt'J dJ.all .... t h 1 Pal utl 1 b 1 t 1 0 .. eu aa ll 1 .. lt7-1ft 0 l bell l bea W'l li. lttl lea a ot Ia tbla be 11 7 t .. la t

PAGE 18

1056 ot 1 13 bu now b" utll A 4et..11 cone1deP tl 1' aad t e Irte 01t1 en Ar.r wb1 ... out ot tt, 1 111 tire be aa1 abou I '1M 71 aponalble t the 18 oate t 0 t the pree n 1,' 41 1 t t all4 J 0 11 ' re rt a "t 1 0 lt 11 ., tl lei t 11"1 I 41IOUI8 1 whl atl a 1 ot .. .. r1ke, a te w the t toea aD4 t 1 Whl laP 17 tbe It ... barlea G l lt.b 7 2 .,.. 11 llo r, 4 111 I Vol t ... Dab11 ., p 1 t h...S'1

PAGE 19

1057 1 A: 2 1 l:S Plr and t t ... .. ., 1 be 'PI' etl i la lJ. la 4 r. dl wtth tr lr t top ba wb1 0 ..... a l oc 1 1 0 11 ult t M7t eMl the'f p o l el ., Oeltlo lll&ll 1ft .... 1a he I Pl la 0 t o 1 tbe t 1 P 1. 1

PAGE 20

1058 ot the etrt ra, P thtr tha n 1 the aotual det 1 1a or the etru le. 1 b toea h .e alrea47 be a d 1ao 1 1 ltlon to thoae 2 tloaed, there was lrleb 1 1 ' Feder tloa whlcb reoe1Yed & 14 traa l'ta 1 llab all' 1 o "I otu rlt a Tbla a aon oue oon trib tOP t ueael out tor t atrtnre, tln the AI' endea.or "to lnoke a Y1a1 a to ot t a note ot Irela.n4. 1' atte ba 1 hat Ruaaell'a ,apathJ tor the etPlke .. wae a rete on u b a ae t h e 1 t-ter had hel 4 detea' H b projee' o oreate a ot odern art 1 Du.b1lnt t h e lettePwrlte eftdecla It JOU tblak I wr la t.put reo 1 s pite t o th an4 lde 111 Mr. Geor 1 I d aek 1 to read tbe b k ot eell's , the Irish H o m ate d In t til a of t t our-1 70U will ttnd bitter att e 4 oe not ha t a ne wi.th the o ot oo t1 tradln ., ln 117 t waa Do tor Aathoar b 11, Pro at of '1'ria1 t7 c 11 forbade reatdent atud.en 1 o attend a et ot the The tereat ot the at t1oa was 1nerea ed t t ot th t t he R OWJan, tell of Trln1tr Oollefl, 11 one ot tbe pr1 ot 1 o r a n1 er of tb C1v1o Lea It la r a)le th t but tor be PPOYoat' threa ot le at ent ot Trial ty Colle e would haft bee11 pr aent the et b t a pl'ote t about 1 '' tudea a hed to t h hall la a They were N e1.ed wlth 1 1t., PP 15 l60J 165 28. an .. 111 'tOle 1, \ P 82

PAGE 21

1059 cheers, a n d aooommoda t on the plattorm beh!Dd the M&. ker. 'fbe meeting w qu1et n d un!mport nt. 'l'h e o1Ja bony J)l'811ded, and the epeakera i ncluded c ptaln Whit anc,t&r J ConollJ or the Irish Transport and. O.neral Worker 1 Union. 0 pt 1A White spoke rat he r v e l 7 bout ar. Lark lft1 volunt r nt, and Mr. Oonol l d eo r 1 ed what the banaport Workers' UntoD h f d n tor the oond1t1one o r t he Dublin w ol'k1ng claaaea. Wlth the ex eptlon of Arthur Orittlth, the frtende ot the trlker included lmnat e e r 7 figure 1a the Ir1ab re-2 v1val, 1nolud1 ng George Bernard 18&11 I 1dl !be or Llbert7 Hall on a bleak Winter's n 1 ng te lng la I"'J part wt th h uftl1"7 !Mil and wotM wa l t1ng tor soup and bread tiokets, D and w a, aotually in tbetr thouao t oluet d on 1llt nd grt-r atatra and alona murkJ p aaeasea, 00 1n the Yl1"7 dept hi or Lite' w I 1sht t bat a aa eaa11,-be ror1ott n ae deeor ed loth! prov d mre h1gb1J t bOilOUP J>ubllll tb&ft their lftta11 1 le OOUJtt J and kladltneae and roved it better, -1 it wen a oluater ot aea aact wo n, poeta uti ltere tor the moat part, who t thePe, wa1ttn tor a task that 1gbt be found tor thea. A Roll-Gall AJl exb.auatlft rolloall does not a ea dea1Pable b u t perhaPit the 1! at ooaptled by Sean oPaolalD y be r,naln.ta t ive. It be gaa wttll Oeorp Ruaaellt "In hie a,.-path7 wltb tbe worker he w joift84 by well n1b ever-1 lnt,elleotual 1a lrelaml Jamee 8tephene, Daniel QoPkr,., Jose-ph Pl k tt, homaa B. Yeate, Jlr. and llrcSMehJ'-&lratt1ogton, Patr1ok Pearae, Laul"e e Kettle, and the 111 1aat1A ltat waa that oom lled by J. R. t

PAGE 22

1060 Whites T h e intellectuals of Dublin were in sympath,-\lith the strike. There was the most astodshing body known a s t h e Peace Committee, which consisted princ1?ally of poets and profes"ors. The great George Russell ( AE) was a member of it, so was Padraic Colum, t benoet, Robin Gwynn of Trinity College, and Houston of t h e Colleg e of Science. S heehy Skeffington was on it, of c ourse. Soon afte r I o ame to Dublin t his Peace Comn 1itte e h a d a meeting I was invited to attend. Tom Kettle w a s by w n y o r being cha1rma n l In addition, Ernest Boyd praised Irish Worker in the Irish Review 3 John Eglinton a nd and o thersympathisers were Stephe n M a cKenn a the painter, Sir William Orpen. To these names should be added various English lanor leaders, 5 such as Bfin del Booth and George L ansbury who presided over a meeting at Albert Hall on November 1, which was addressed b y George e ? Russell, Jamea Connolly and George Bernard Sha w. And on the oe-oas1on of t h e funeral of a member of Lal'kin' e union 'Mho hAd been beaten to death by the ooliee, et least one of the Dublin Corporation demonstrated sympathy: "The Lord Mayor a t tend e d thua emphasising t h e view expressed so !ltrikingly in t.he corporation R S to the conduct of thepolioeJ and the labour leaders, with Mr. Keir Hardie conspicuously in their mid9t, v ;ere a lso prorr.inent a t the 8 head of the cortege." l. 2. 3 4. 5. 6. '1. a. cit., p. 226. B. R Journal and Letters 8teJk!n M a cKenn a,p.l38 J. E glinton, Memoir of 11:, P 86. w Orpen, Stories of Oid '!reland a nd Myself, P 82. w.P. Ryan, The Irian tabour Movement, P Ibid. ,pp. Disturbed Dublin, p. 23 3 I b i d., P 40 E.A Boyd, Dogmatism in Irish L1f e9 Irish Review, July,l913, p.24<&.

PAGE 23

It r 1061 "' not 4 t h tr, tl"1 M. o r l lab la r r o r ol s. 1 1 h 11 .. "-t 7 W & l U by 1 trik e 1 t r too. rkln1t It t t a n4 x r1 no thl r w 111 b 0 1 1 OU 1 ttra b o a oct t with 1 d, .... tJ lo 1 I t 0 fl r1 ult l' 1 0 to 1 See e. 1r oPa ot t 1n o tor 1t. ala .. el con ot d wt s.a ran o t r a l Wor 1 1 h o t be I l h d. 1 l ble t o r 3 lo 1 10 1 1

PAGE 24

te na 1062 atno Yata, 1ft attaokt 0 or o w him ell' ot 14 0 3 or trleru1 a InlM ot all t lfJ' 1t d th t t 4lat1 lab d t had no 1JP1 vance a ln1t 1 Pl ket 1ft to 1r B O P Pl tr1en ina e iatlo ot h1 1 llfe ok t h 1 p t or I 1ah ta -tns ral lites rta1n1 jeurnal. l p!ratlon, ae t . ll"J' tal.P!e 0 Rull 1ft 11 ot I t 1a coaaeotlon it b that Rue 11 o oYeP 4 1e r l a 1 ln.tla ot hlntn tt r a t hto r t the Pluak tt te peP nt. " Per l toPlal whlob. .. tltl .... .. bl:lll, abow a tleal, tS. waa toll wl vl lt to t 1 w:ro 0 I A totur 11 &

PAGE 25

1063 A41 u, et a, ve, and aDd, Ye pl yet ekl y -hee, -hat eta play with h&Dd 1 ha 7o leaPn lr ecet W t 11 atre,oh in all7' 1 dt o ADd. clP1 ln b *" talr r poaob w1 h Re Daa Phill7ta bltoh bad&er a an. Yet, w n the at 1trl b an, Oeor aaell .,. d troa hla h a unl envlro An ex .,. t tr e 0 o lato t Dublin. At r a log1 ln h ouat lt7 I le ot Ru ell' lnveo lv a ell' tr1e J realnder to olerl &ad tber 1n c ltun, art, a true t antl-olert al ele nt ln Ste Lo 0 IPel 4 wbl h n. "aoatbl 5 apeeoh ad lt wlth Yeata,to wb be wrote: rl et1 I bav tul te yo 11 on 7our a tl 70 ln n, to. ........ be rem.l er" pua \Ull hl d

PAGE 26

1064 ntton tn Rue ell' 1 tter ould ot be a eo late4 wt Plunlle Uo u that of notb r Ca a1n J. R. lhl e, ooul4. Ia a let r hie tte la I "I o a o DteP n e l\ 1 ttl e n I' 1 .,.. auch .. a 81r ora e tt o ex laln a b a Llbert all, the he 4 q u rter ot t atrl era, te a re l7 to an open let er which h d ....... ...,.nt 1 Ye Ul'l at t t ll a Oatholto h !.nLo cl oh a ett t n he IPilh 1cul I' 1 Or aa1aat1o 0 1 t7 "t t t 1"'t Pt1a1 hel u b1a at ett Bouae tett, eno e o he 1 2 3 s t Ill go.

PAGE 27

1065 BeYert eleaa, Russell oontlnued to oppoae oapitalle 1n serle or artlolee which ap ared 1 co-operation and Nat1onal1t,. And in book which app ared in 191' he deo red' nn.ftp in Irel there a revolt ot la our it too 1'ten finde ar!"&'Jed a ain t it th preas t 1 w, .nd tl 11oe All the reat po era re 1n e te te The peaa, without 1 be ins a d t st ble o t about la asit to lalea41 1 nor nt men. ry wild phPaae utter 4 b1 an exaape ted r la ainat tbe oau e or 1 bour, a ad it r1 no a are t> reaaed. told not 1ng a o t how the or lt.ea& what bo a, what food bla wa will He we t o to orlt1 lae the oburoh tor s1d1 1&)'1 l a a1nat the ork r, I aa the rrten4 of revolt 1t peopl oannot ataDd 'b conditione he7 11 under, &ftd it the7 o n see no ot r wa7 It 11 better to than 1 the Prenoh olutlon waa t 1o epl ode 1A hietol")', b t wh n ople utter ill ole blf and are in ulte4 in their eap ir it 1 lt ble 1 will be a 3 lJl view of aaell' retueal to ban hi a hit explanati ot t break between b1 lt and Plunkett Hou e bel aln4a aent tea ult1 t 17 rejeot uitable in the uhlio of AB1 thet1 to the trt er th n t he Plunkett Bouae sroup ere the Pentane. Yideno 7 be found 1a both Ir1 h 1ng, P "'

PAGE 28

106 6 11' .,.1 0 4 Jose t 0 1 tl" .,. t t a ot hie Nh th hOot tbe 0 0 lly' &Jitlole, .........,=,;;;;;;;;;,. 117 told ot o 1 ... 11 le 1 be ...... -."'-... .. ta t 1 u lo t .r 1 o 14 et 1 rlal 11 wtll 1'17 t an4. j tl 1al 1 7' ... lele 1 llp ,. ... to 11 r h '!, t 1 Pt 0 t1 1 ""' "l'J .. 1 p t!o laa t t be do wl b t a1d .. tr a .be a fd the 4et 1 le t "1 t 11 t wled 1'1 eltbe o. 1' 1 p ' ,. Hd " dle te1 b ... l .. ot t oltJ ubte417 lab blt Clvlo Le ln 1>\lblln, tbe l' lo a I t 0 tlon ., ... ati t or-t a ,. 0 0 obI' 0 1 3 le Olaa 1 labor 7 !' wh1 h w; to wh! h arlee ObeJI, I' C&l)l all tober,19131 Ml4dle Clae 15.

PAGE 29

1067 Irlah ReY1ew, or c ourae, wa not the otf1o1al z.a a organ. 1r1eh Preecloa, wh1ob was wae ev n ore ,.-patb ttc. Pour oon t:zo1butor 7 be o1te4 s Sea 010 eey, Oathal 018bannon Clarke and?. H Pe rae. A art1ole sign d by oo (s. 0 0 taea1 ) appear d in the Peni n Jour 1 a1 arch, 1913t oo eu oc 7 tell under the pell of Lar 1 eoaae a tteroe a L bouri t a d been a bJe1oal-t roe Re publican, still u lo1oua ot tbe Socialist 1 nd erb t1nd1 od. le tor h1 Cove7 in hie Plou&h the Stapa. The p ea of Lar 1A' Jri. h rnr oarrle ar't1c!es rr hi en, all re rkable n t r at7le ad pow r with lade ndent outlook at li through overti writing and exot1o wordl as. l In ove er, Catbal O' hal'llloa, seer tar7 tor the Irish 7ranaport and Gener 1 Workers' Union in Ulater, Peported the col-2 1 borat1 n ot hie or a lza ion with the en1ana 1n tbe formation o t a Y o R publ1 n P rty 1D ltaats TbeJ aent ot the n1te to to th t1o alist ubl1oa nd to the 'Irish Work r,' and announced a publlo to 1 unch the partJ. The7 were thrilled when Padr 1o Pearse, 1 f Claldhe Solui it welo d ad hla be ed1ct1on to the new p t7t nd hoped that the ot the ltaat outb w uld be followed all Irel A hi1tor1an or Sl .,. t followas Among the at1ona11sts th re w a a 1nor1ty Who prote ed the or ed or Slnn el a d or R publ1cani s 1 te i 1913 bra ch or the oun Republican Partr in B 1t t, comt Gaelic Le era, ra or t Freedo Club and On1on1 ta unturle 1ta b 7 ot n oran aunbuat on gre n round with the otto in white, 'Young Re ubl1 o rt7 Dla a bul'. '

PAGE 30

1068 Clarke' b1optp twr baa ouoted an a .. ttole wh!eh the tol"'IDIP t the att-lkes Jotblfts l ow ot 4ur 1D1 rt1J whole caNer ou satoh the 4owar1ght S.Dh: .,. tbat w1tnea e4 MOently la the atreeta and o ot the bomea ot _. ott)-, whe tbe polin let 1 o t ru k a.ncl lnd1 erbd tel'J bl o en17 WOII8ft and h114 that t .. 7 o-PoA ttl odJ' el au.et, auPelJ' But a t1tt1Da to be tleated to Dublla Oaetle aad ttl idea ot La aad Order& wae uadep a part tal ob lip t loa to Lark1 be auae tlw ltrlke orsaat' 10 a pup11 at at. ad' Clarke' 2 latel" .. It MJ be re11t111Dend that Yeats Mlpe4 to keep the a hool 1 lnnt b7 4oaat1ag the uae or the AbbeJ to ltt Lal"klD l!utlpe4 b a a11d.1a:r W&Jl Tbe talrl 1 to he rtoraanoee or Pearse' 1 pl.a71 at the 'flatH aad eleeWQN aaed to tba expeaaee ot .\A& echo 1. !Mae ttort1, re 1a 1918 (aftd wb1 at a later eta bad the tameue Jl Lark1a ae a luable all71 wbe he trike LN.4er, wlth rea N 1 aD4 aodeat71 ar1halled hla bat allona o ake a t. &Dda' Aerlbella a eu ), auttl 4 to a ture tbe extete of 1tage unt11Pl7 1014 hrtberaoN, Pearse believed that tbe t1 had oome to t Gaelic to beoome me a111taata I belt ... tbat tb.e uttoaal uve nt of which tbe G"llo League baa bee the aoul haa oh tbe polat wb1oh ooo ell' _.._meDt bad P aohed at tbe close ot the ePle r Dater et l eo, 1 belt that our fttd.nt naohe4 that pota tew 7ear ago , t luato er the tt t r ntlal l:rlab; an4 I lal4 ao at tha tt.M. the nt thea to the tormatlon ot a ew Y UD8 Ireland PaPt7 And he ur ed th who a eed th hSa t woPk thr-ough rr &r0\19 luMd.. t the revolutloa whloh he expeoteda

PAGE 31

t le1'J' t 1 l 3 l I fe&t-le t&"f l" t lcle tor ol t 1a t t lo lll a 1069 l t 1 1 bl n lande, a 11 t 1" t 1 h tbe r. 1 t J'IO a aDd ot tru. n at tew a 1 art 1 ln

PAGE 32

to t 1 a 0 I 0 1070 tla or t t Oel 1 :ren.alee t 1"t &ad 0e ePal ' t1 0 I

PAGE 33

1071 OMtb 0 tl t b t1a a nt ot ot Il'lt 111 bl the It 1 and ..... ... A at .. 1 13t lrr .,. ab hll IMl b rl l I la .. t h4t Oo J that t. to nl I. ' pr 1 l 1 uae4 t IP1 ,. 7 -th to ba II c 11 lt t r"' t th :r1 trbl tw p .. l t I bad 4 .... 1 tro at the 1M at 1 t lp bl Jt 1' a llO tba c 1 ., ..,. 11 .. .. ba1tll7 N1eu Sa." u 11 rel ,. t ad4Haae4 ett t .... 0 ot 1,,. .&.

PAGE 34

1072 1 t a ... at the Alb rt all et1 lo wit Go Berna haw, 11 to I l 0 ra ,.. ot IA ld h1a -ro 1 11-pea w-b114t tl 0 X.l hla 1 s or tnt 1 P; ,. Yet Co 11 4 a not l.&r aa LaJ>ld at t tl all4 tea o "1 At 41 u. aed t ollJ tber Pi e t al. glowla c an ll 0 lct lal 7 t La II ot 1 t atl at el 117 'ht be blt ot ON& rl ain a 1 1,, M t ,. _,. "al t or Oato I' 1 1 atUre. oh 1 ted& bee. '7 u e ltl. la a 30'7

PAGE 35

1073 Be waa deolar d Lat-kl 'a tP1al, begun oa the 2fth or Ootober, ha4 nde4 at th ol sl..,..l'l bad exl)reaa..S thS.. ot hl lqult)' 11l a aentenoe of ntha' 1.11pr1ao nt. But w 8rlt1ab had rown t l7 reatt but WP&thtul, and a couple ot eotora l oo a tor the so r nt 1 d te the haet7 o en1 o9t'be 1 on dooJ-1 e the h ot er. in went to B ltala with hle 'PlePJ Oroea. .nd the Dubl stere, ta111n to brlns the er n to their teet b7 taPWatlon, be to Laoort BP1tlah t s oa.lJ' 1 u the 4ook 1 bourers 1a t port of Dubl o out. ft.e "Plerr Oroa CJ"Uaade was mor e o:r lees d :pen.cl bf various I London, 2 11sb 1 bor 1 adera 1ft splte ot a wara welc preauaablJ on lo't'e er 18, 1913 Oft th whol, 1n rkb, Who was el ted pre the Irl h Trades Unloa Oongro in 5 6 1914, w 1 more popular 1n Ireland th&A 1n Gr e t Brit ta. It the tore OlD consideration or tbe trle s al\4 toes ot the striker hea de an,thins; lt baa deaontated that the leadlftl Fen1aaa ad t1v,urea 1D the Celt1e renaleaacoe aa7 be lnoluded the ro A aeooftd r eult ot the str1ke was the 'I apontaaeoua ge ratloa aa well to Co.!IIUl 1 t, B:rta 0'1, haa outlined t ratlozu n ntlon. he theor,-ot spontan oua

PAGE 36

107 4 rl7 ln the tl"lke a looae tteteac for a P with 1ta apeolal tunotion wa to proteo t Pint Lalor ,era' and t the Transport orkerat V 1 a had to 4 the bao lead 4 netratlona, a t polioe alwa71 aho a re rkabl haat tor baton s.-be 1-pea and d After tbe tlPat rad.ee or t 'hurler t re ,.. n ttaoka o ba Probabl lt wae att r raatlona wlth Ca aln I R. Wbi eo ot a Ulater landl rd a exottl ot the Brl lah Ara7 yet not r d WD to 1 bour b7 thle at le that Larkl Oo 11 a 4 the other 1 SNe4 t deowelo t e lc!ea turthel' and o ro an o- .. aatlo n lltar7 linea, prOlJerly drllle4 a far n lnt Pveatlo la ooncern 4, t o or ot toP the to tlOD of e lrlah Oltlae t 7 7 attPlbuted to 8lr Bdward Car on, J ... e Larkla a aptala J. Whlte. Oarao a >0 alble to be exte t that M oe4 1 ex le b hla Ulater Vol teera. t as, 11131 tbe tl .. t d.a7 t be atJJlke 1 LaP SA "u M the aoa t 1 t la 1 'pollee b 1 0 Captaia J. R. Wbl Bo .. nr, aoat ot the redl t tor tbe to at l a ot the Irish Oltlae ..., ld see t e belo to C about .. er 10, 1913 a Peaoe 0 taln J. R. White. So t ttee, wbtob ba4 -.a1n17

PAGE 37

1075 t to oonclud th atP1 hel4 1t laat .. etlng. t o waa 1 the ohair, later w.otea We wouad up the old Peaoe 0 lttee and reoonatructed oureelYel aa the 01lo Lea tt wae that 1 ooent o1o le gue which aotuallJ paeae4 at lnatanoe the first resolution to drill t he Dubll atrlkera, aDd lta treasurer, Prot or Houston ..... e1Ye4 tbe tlrat cheque to with boot.and 4rlll etaYee the Irish 01tlse Ar.,. At about the laM tl t White addrea e4 the TPlnlt7 Colle Oael1o Soolet7 la w1th Arthur Grlttith. The proble UDder 41aouea1oa waaa aeltrellaaoe, the Panaoe tor Irlab Illa. Whlte 1 nored the aad oo ectrated on the deand tor a ln q\1117 1Bto the oonduot or thl polloe la the reoent rlota . Be reoolle te4& At tbia polnt a ladJ called out, peak to re olutlo , D4 eeoonded b7 some 'Hear 1 heaPa, t but I lpored the la terruptioa a went oa& 'xr tbe7 waate4 to be aetera la their o tr,., it theJ wanted to o lal wlth lrre 1at lble to aplne the 111-tHat'MI'lt ot the ttlze th 7 SJ.at prepare to control the poll e t r e the ele J let t 1 t e t undattoa or a eat atlo 1 MoYemeat tor the oreatloa of that order aDd dlaolplta. theJ so adlJ la kad bJ rat 1ftl aaain the at&Ddard ot the Ir1ah Volunteer' 8 I oalled tor a tude t Strike nd a Rebel Volu teer Koe nt la TrinitJ' Collep, the Al.mh llatel' ot th Brltleh Ooueotlo .e Co ollJ &DnOUDOe4 that White had UDdert to oraaaize a Oltiaea a APWI aaonc the meabera ot the Trauport Worlml' t Ua1oD, ext "nlng the s aewl7 f ormed Dubl1a 01vio League held 1te tlrat pbl1o etlas, the o wh1eh the Provoat t Tr1alt7 Col e le forbade hle atudenta to attead. White pro))Oaecl to the -

PAGE 38

1 0 7 6 treat.ent to thelr lo,.ea" aad thea two telegram., oae addrea ae4 to bblselt, trom Slr Roger Olse nt Both expree ae4 the .... e tlMnta. the aeooa4 aalda Dublin 'C1Y12 t.a Meet1ft1, ........................... ;;;o;;;o..; ...... --,;o;;;;;;;;oDUbll! 'I uDderetand 70 mo nt dlll and 41a 1 l!ne Dub lla workers. !bat 11 good and b Althy .e nt. I wlah to aupl)Orot, aDd I ho-pe lt ma7 be 1 a w1cteapna4 tlo 1 v n to or1 lse drilled and 41ao1pl1ne4 Ir1eh Vol teera o aaaert Irlth .. oo4 4 u old ttonal a 1 11 tb t 11 r1 ht. It ia tl drilled aad dlaolpll -Irlab ae atood up all oftr the land to 1ft tt. lle those who aa7 we are a Quaker Oata aort ot -,.ople, wb ta ey thl 171 d01rll. 1 .,. ... and 0 ,. t 117, ttrat propo ed the pro enthualaa and dell t ot t al ot tbe Oltlaen 4 2 tbeuel" ' dlcted the to & t1oD lrll tlonal Vol ' ot two Ulater Proteataata1 "Tbeae t leaders are Slr R Oaae Mat aD4 Oaptaln James R bert White. It 11 Captalll Whlt' tnt ntlo to ta wlth the .. on atrike la n.bll The7 baYe a lelaure at he aeat tblte wtll onl7 tora a ole-.." ara4oaloa117 enoup, Caaeat. 1aterYlewe4 1D Lo on DallJ Obroal 1e, aald that would like the Oar .lte Voluateel'a to r&Dka to all wo ld like to aee the ao at tbat-haa bee be 1 Ulater ln a 1 lrlt ot .. ttonal ex lualoa tranat b7 lrlab tlonal oodwlll lnto an Irlah Vol teer Move nt, who

PAGE 39

1077 -;." .:. .. I'" : ,) ala ahoulcl be to taouloate l'lt:rlotlam e.ftd the duty &.ncf r l gh ot 1 all c1t1zena to detead their own country. lp1tla1 Boatllltf !!!l the v.xB! ---so suab ror the or1sla or the lrlab 01t1sen ArmJ The 2 actual drllltq do.e not 1eem to h aft started utll O.Oe er 3 atter tbe formation ot the lrleh Voluat tollow1 troa a.a BA811ah paper ot the per1o4 t4e tl7 wr1tte attel" the t aattoa ot t t voupea There t be a al at towards the toraatloa Of 90lunteePI 1a Dubl1D, and a.,arentl7 the Olftl to take their n. Two weeki ago .... Jamea Co 1J aaaoua e4 that the abert ot the Transport Untoa would lD tutve lte drilled t toP tha JM1JI1>0H ot ttete e The tol low1 oPd.er hae been laaued b7 tlw go-.e r at ot LlbertJ Balli 'tranapor V to Olttse All .. a w t ab1ft8 to join tor ot tralala .uet attead at Cro,doa fark at e p.-. oa Wll1 Captain llhlte wt11 talce obara BJ OPdel'.' It wll1 be ....eeMd that .,.. Co 117 a ld. tlu loa t be drilled 'lt aD4 wbea arma wantM the7 lQlew where ... tblla. !be 1alt1al boat111t7 of the Irlah Oitlzea ArmJ to the 8 Voluateera haa alreadJ been 4eeor1be4 It wae to last e't'en atter e the Irish Oltt1ea wu N s-S.ae4 1a Karoh, 191 a.a oC'I leaD OtOaae7t I ftl'lloll of lt ., be quoted PepreentatS.n ot tbe feelS. or the IP11h Transport aad Oe r 1 lorkera Un1oas

PAGE 40

1078 Seme ot the mo t proa1aeat apeak ra at the 1n1tlal meet lag, held l.D the Rotua4a Rink, Dublin, Oft 'l'uead&J, 1fo'9em ber tbe 21thr bad been! aDd 1n4eed were then, latt.atel7 aa oolated. w1th the etrort to h the Labour nt, aDd violent opposition n1teeted b)' a large eotlon ot the au41enoe towarda theae he7 were adYooat1ng tbe tor to ue!te 1n the Volunteera tor the .. tateaanoe ot the 'Llbertle and Rllhta c a to all IrlahMa.t It waa senerall, ooaclud d at tbt time that thla 41atur banoe wae 4e11beP&to17 or an1aed b7 the Irlah CltlzeD APMJ, but tho taote aN that the: r111 or lte ott1c1ala h ad noth 1rla what to do wlth tbe oocunenoe, nor dld aJl7 ot ita ottloePa aug 1t t;. a auoh an aotloft1woultl et with their taolt co aent OP dettalte approYalt 'J'o O'Cl'' recret, the <n4tal ot the l1"1ah Volunteer w a greater than that ot the Ir1ab Cltt Armra the oreatloa of tbe latlo al Vol eera oae ot the oat ett .. tl.e blow wh1oh th lrlab Cltlsen APmJ r el..t. ftlouaaftda tbat h 4 olc1nal17 attaoha4 the el'ha to the Oltlae paaae4 oer into ore attraotl.e aDd better Pl&nlae4 oaap ot tbe Voluateer AM la aplte ot the t t that the aoat pr laeat ot the Jaeoutf.Ye Of the 'fOl\UltePI were those whO had done &11 tbe7 oould to toh troa the the rtaht to jola the 7P&4ea Uatoa ot their obol J ln aplte of the fa t tbat m&nJ of thoae wbo oontro11e4 the looal requlre .. ata or oocupled a poa1tlon oa the loOal Bxeoutle had locnd out tbelr eaplo7e b ht7 to aaaert the tiret prlnolplea ot badea V ioa.laa., Purtbe re, t Iriah Volunteers retu. 4 to oooperate with tbe Ir1ab Oltln Arllf' "Bttorta made fMquentl7 bJ Capt a l White aDd b)' tbe SeoPetaPJ to proaote ooo,eratlon ln the uae ot halls tor 4rt111DI purpo but no oonoesaloa what l thla reapeot I would be araated b7 the Yoluntera to tbe Cltlzea Ar.r." Aa reault ot tbeae proYooatlona, the I rish Oltlz n laaue4 a b&Ddbill wb!ob ca.e tl'fe reaaoa Jbl Irle Workt Shoul& loS lo1B the lrlfb Yolua er& 'lhea tollowd tour Rtaeona !bll!!! JorlE!ra Join lJlt. Xrlth Oltleea A!IJ 'fhree ot theae atreaeed

PAGE 41

1079 a the Pia lplea t Wolfe T J ha 1 II at thNate 1 1 ot lrela OM le ue4 by tbe Irlah Cltlaea A ol oa.,-a l te be lAteeata t a a k the Ir1e bU 1 lt ... le elate t r Oa Ja 1r 1 e, wh at re Oh1et tat a14e L1 .. ot 0 bea bJ' t .,.,. t fp s. atte t t al t 1 u the eotC trn tbe Pellet a '!ba 1 at er ad ettnc 11 llJ also a te lecl I 0 ., . l louae, aeat ot tba blln 4 ol'll. Oa he h lte ... .... e17 11 11 att u the laela of aa allowed. up hla be p.ll

PAGE 42

1080 LateP 1 be wrote t &ID4 t 1' 111" ONCe flUDkett be up to 11 ball o 14 be ra aurettee, UMfi Nleaee4 wltb ., he . M4 t l da ,.. l1eb jou llet, arr1..t 1ft Dublin j at at tble 1 a 1ee u eal a 14 t 1 ot hle uto with 1te that th blah Ott A e cl 11 t it t La with. c tl ttl attl tbtr 1 te aJUI4tea. a a alleclt

PAGE 43

1081 At the seneal ... t l 1 L&Plda propoae4 a Ull1tOJIII and OtMP cautpaen tor tbe nor a t .. cl 11111tla and. oOJ ra4 he propoMd Co tl uti a Pr ot wbtoh Captala J. a. Wh!M na ehall'llaDJ J 1 Larkla, ' ' Dal71 ranrlttp, -.. l'oJ-aa P. hr attt at l two teahnl ot tbe MOJII etJt a tlra tta rultl 4rl 1 tab Clt1&en Aftr1 aat 'be eooad, the ett rt ot tM P la to brl lt 1 t 1 oo Patl witb the lrlah Ol te nl DPlW n H ruitlq ettone " baatll7 !M lrlah Oltlsea Ar.r bad bee ottl lall7 re o lsed and bJ the bactea Couaoll d bee aent to lab r orpalaatlloaa l C rk, Belt 1 Den7, Lfalrlok, ltlllMIU\f Wa erf I'Cl, Oalwa7 xto:rda o t 14 how t AtJPllt 11 I

PAGE 44

1082 0 t ... lt la t 1 ths 0 .,.. A 1 11: i .,. 11 24t t I' the to t tM Irla 01 tse A 11 ton or t x.a. 11t t ot laDe 1 to t lr .. tee 1 3 .. 1 t ett r 1 ... x t t is 1n111 P ,. .. S.e '7, 1156, 11'11 1 o t thle o t eo t 120. ote o hte lJJ 0 t h lttze lr1 1 7 allJ u 8

PAGE 45

1083 1 hleDd ot Oo tano llark1e los, but or wh 0 c II ., had low op1DJ.o 1 rkleY1os aad Capta1D Whltehad ll>Oken and at which th re had 3 beea a UPlo Pow betwee lte artdLarkl ho!'tl7 ter the el te4 Ir1eb Cltlae ArmJ took ott1ee, Capt a lte wrote to the Ir1 h Volunteer to Rt that the Lark! lt OP .. Al a l be d ln lt aa att111ate though lftde pellde ottePa 111 jeoted thle The let r wh1 b was t b7 MP. Jlaolelllf nd hlch read to t Ooun 11, P8jeot the Ca tal offer, aDd x plat d that the latl 1 V 1 teere ooald baYe ao tl with or laatlo tba ha receatl,-bee la coat wl the 11 1 t LarklJl, wrote a letter o the Pr Bxecutlve t th Ir1ab National Yol .... t t a publlo de ate "ln which to j .. tlt7 th lr a,.,.al t e pa tb7 aa4 a up rt the 1r1 world claea. Maolelll anewe.-4 dlatel 4 l'rfl a olaae dla la ttt. v 1 PI t eb te, retar ee arr1Ye4 ntua bat Da,.l the ontrovera1 the Ir! had spoken tor th 171 Oltlz A and J 13th 1t pointed out that oRe111, lt ..... had ted wtthout oonault an ....,oliillioi ...,IIJWiiii_. ,ala o pu.b bil w..ta t 1 ed.ure 1. a. O'P lal taP. 108J 12& ' 0 Oa\bua 31. a. 1. te, '7 0 Ca haea a. f14., Jh Oathaaa PP ... 1 P

PAGE 46

1084 11 hed aanou.nce nt fl'om Labour Da7 C ltte oh rglng th t the Volunteen wanted t o aabot e MaJ lat 4e oa tratlona Juds1ft8 by thelmmber ot d 1 sat pHeeat at le t etlng, the or Lab ur Di thta yeap ia e t o aDJthl held ln reo nt years, otw1thstan41ng the taot that the atlonal Volunt ePa baft orau1aed an oppo alt1o 4 Dtt tlon tor the sa d&'J l I a -p!te of tbeae 41asena1on the I.R.B. ,., ble to prevent &DJ breaka be tbe two o gan1zat1ona. T Clarke' blopa r aalds It waa due to t .. napeot ot the 7oung men or tb then ._ nt, euob llllam oBrt 1 aDd Bdd1e avan h, the labou oartooalat, prore sed tor T 0 lar an. d t httP t.r i a hlp tor Sean oD1armac!a, th t the Republic n ohlets 1nta1nd relation with the leaders or Labour ln Ireland Wlll1 O'Brien Jl the liftk betwe n ConnollJ 1n Bltaat and T I tbe a oonae tlon, lt b noted that Conaolly' a a 1 rat1on 3 tor P. a Pea ... o an be traced back to 190&. Por P. RJ a wrote 1n theJrla!;! LMns-MoJ! t a .tbe7 had 1m ea h otbept a work tos-years. Co oll7 b re o1 to t VniteA Statea b expNaaecl hla or the bl pPOata o t Pearse, thea a 70Uft8 n ot t w ntJthr Pear bad bee deeply 1 aaed by a peech of ConnollY' 1a et n's autfrage 1n a Dublin de A reault ot' tb1a etro. the part ot t,_ ph7 1oal force s bod7 wa the ease wt'b Wblob Oapta1n Whit and Robert onte1th were a ate fP the labor or aft1aat1on to the Ir1ah Volunt 6 1 troduc

PAGE 47

1085 Jlo telth to Toa Clark 8Wbo won h1 to the Ir1ah Y 1 teere and to the I.R.s.: Jlonte1th aa exBrtttah x.o.o. and na e 1o'J'8c1 1n the 0Jid1Danoe sum,. De D t Dubl Caetle. arl7 1 191' be waa thlnkl ot jotninf the Irtah Citizen I a Joate1th lltuelt re al 1a hla book, C a a ., A4 o u oalletl oa Olarlre one ewntq aiid a o a ea to tbe ftterao leader latter put hla 1 toueh with Bobeon and with Ll Jlellowa, with the peault tha Jo tettb o lst1oDe4 a oaptala 1a the Irlab Volupteera aDd beo ... a aaa suoh truated bJ the I.R.s. utlw. x ttee of the 1P1 h Volunteer late 1n June thPeate d to deetro, the work of the 2 oCaaer wae ao oonvtnoe4 that the Yoluateera would be o aatllabor that he that Co tanoe Mark1ev1os ah uld aeft? her oonneottona with either that sroup or the Ir1ah C1tlaen At a apeolal -.et1 ot the oouno11 or the labor a111tla, be 1ntroduoe4 tbe following reeolutlona 8ee1ng that Jadame klevt ... thPouch c_...&l&& attached to tbe Vol teera, aa46 tat te te ot the Vol teer leadera, aDd aa th VolUAteera Ae oo1a t1oD was, 1 ita .. thode and at.., l ta!o 1 to the t1ret ln ereata or Labour, 1t oould not be ex,.oted that Mad ... could retain the ooat14e oe or the Couno 11 J and that abe ow aake4 to eer her oo e t lo wt th either the VolWl te ra or the Irtah Oltl APmJI !he ooun 11 retuaec1 t o paaa the motion aad ooaae7 waa oalled t1o po Of OJI'eatl to apolost He retuaed. and wrote out hla Pealsna d1aharmoft7 b7 Tea Clarke 1 earl7 auapeote4 a I Ma7 10, the I.R.B. waa able to preserve a oo eottoa between the Irtab Cttts ..

PAGE 48

1086 Aftl7 aDd: tbe Irleh Vol teere 1A the -peraon ot Oouta e Ka.rlr1eo And e hort1J after, Tea Clarke able eomewbat to t h e rea lta t aoreneaa on the oocaalon or tbe Pentane' e t the sr or Wolte To a 0 the 26th, 1014, a e .. t Bode owa the auapl ot the Wolfe o rtal C t ee, aDd the Oltlaea Ar-r Oounoll to part1o1-pa e Jta Lark! bad expl"'ased hie de\e 1aet1 t lalt tbe are t ald Wolfe To The Se P tar, e1te4 t olte Tone C ttee to pJtoo n tlo eta J ou a or tbe Wolte To lxe utle 4oubte4 the wled enooura lDS the Cltiae U., to a tlol te, M aue ot tt. d.ltteJ'e 0.1 bet wee t aa4 tbe ol teera, o to atteDd l tull atN the Chal a, azo. -r. Cl&l'ke, w&Pa17 "loo the 1 eatlo a peaoull7 erto k ... po elble t tbe Wolfe e tle tor the aood eaneet 1 te tlo 1 of the lrlah O!tlsen '''" a "'lbe Pla a f'ormtd aa !Jmer rlac d the craw; a .nd the outer rlft8 ton.d bJ alter te ..-era or the Vol teera aad ualte or the Irleh Cltlse a A:lm7" Jrl!b re opislna tbe dlttere oe be wee the Peat au all4 the Irleh Vol teePI 1 4Hw a aoral tr the pr ee4 All oo ,. ... 1 ool"daaoe a nture o 1 1t tb t the Re blloa eh aot tbel o oo eel and toe tnt ooneldeNtloa the late or ...... at be ... aDd the l'lre 01' anl tloae It th.,. toolr tS.. t oo ld.er ttlle Oft I', tbe7 WO\lld 4leoo that all work aN, thPou the tone ot '' pot tlal bela. Wolte To bel ao roollah ho 1 ot tbe to of all olaase Be hated the arleto P&07 and thoJ'Ou 17 de pleed tbt propertletl elaea a be rohante .3 lbua. tui.R.B. oa ee of war so t to ld.A1a1ae 4lt

PAGE 49

1087 teN be we t lPtah YolWltHra a the Ir1ab 01t1 n AJ1111 ws. thollt gotzac 4 r t tor ttar lt 7 be aa14 t at the 'lea att the ut r.ak ot htllltlea ara eaalar tOl' 1M l'ell!au La.Pkla' plaoe laadel" or tbe allltant lab r ... t ta a b7 J Oo 117 0 ptel" a 'f u na dlY1 e4 ln o three par tlrat rt Ja Oo oll7 and .... Larkl llett L&klD' ..... Oo ollJ' I lntPoduoed b rl t t11 ot tbe bo a wb1 t Irteh to two. ha axla betfte t t to ... ftlenO 1&1lat Re ar lt 'I tal P let auoh an a111a bit t ore, be let wt B. Yeata a lele b.la auae wt h M Oel 1 blah a1t I 1 ,. QP M 1&DI d lab. a1n t ta Nl 1 1 J eli lalla ra 1 trlbUt.a t be G laaam lr1 t to ,.rauad t ft&l c .. 'far loua 71 wl Wllll Ro J Aa raault, ..

PAGE 50

1088 Grlttl' a bl oplal ot hla, 1 .... J.arlcb wu 1 tP a abbe r aalsr toP ttt. lleb latlo a1 Ut t Do k Labou.reN. tlt bM._ tift 1a Irel lt
PAGE 51

ot 1918 t 1089 I"la the 1r1 h apor a At a few ot t It w a . ohapteP bJ a oc ... 7 a1o 1 Yeat1 la ll t 1 a ut ble t 'I to or rtbP had alna ''1 b"a rated P1D1 J 0 pter c 11 a e A Pad.rat 0 lP Wl111 1 '1' that ltat .. a4 M .rt null ... -lliJ.foi"'.,.JMLAHi , 0 -11n 0 J. R. lte abap 4 bta o 1111 Ru1a 11 expreae Ma tbl

PAGE 52

1ll. ._. .... _, .. 1a 7 Ola lft tbte 1090 o be aut t t lrr l 0 oaaq, Catbal 0 a. h o trlbut taftnble 1 1 oa. r r t be -.. R.D eel to W M'll l tl 17 hehet Le lln A'l, M waa lallJ' 1Ma H alna' vJb'J tor bal L ae cltt ot 11 tl t .lat t be t at bla ltt o obl I Z.r llJ "" el ' en aU ... ta Lo oa alo Br ... "-Lar .,. ,.. PVJiJu..a.&r to ; 1 aeate eel to jall led bo'PtlJ at bea ae..-hla t trd P&!' c t-r Irlab OS. lae. Al'llf wbl UIO tta It a&7 baW bee a tbe w 1'4a S 117 Lar J atot t tto Ca ata J. a. Wb!te. ..

PAGE 53

1091

PAGE 54

1092 be t 1P18h UelM1J. WAl.IMiw 0 ... ll .. 1 l t wl

PAGE 55

JXII AJID DISH PIIIIBDC. 11 J-Wo t 01a.r and b I w1U at b 41a .AJa4 t PD ot the I 1810 to 19141 wlll be ana1p e ,.. J 41 J.Wr In 41a tt Clarke I a word wUl. 'b a1c1 abou.t t old tlal ho t a ID Mal'l11tal a t WS.U b e to t th Clarn S.. th 1816 l"la at111 alive ,_ 1a 190"1 b a 1 1. 0 l:lllOwaB .,. ... an4 Olar 1 ........ ooao 190?, lt Ploo4 A J& .ase t Allan SAm aU1111 r o ovaa a On 14 Pan 8'11*1 1093

PAGE 56

1094 Hear7 arae dellv r 1D 1811 .,. .. n be 1to4 u evl taNdit1 I l 8 led 1Jl 8 I Le oua 1n ble blo ..... ._ ._... ot the oon 1mtlt7 ot tbe 1D b1a na1,,. 11 .. lr a tlv1t1 ot Bsan and Dal,., Loule a1al- a waa t1Pat be a t tree and* atter a D ted o po t ot DublJ.D Cit,-w.-4 B and thJ'eW h1u 1t I.Dto the o pal 1 prl

PAGE 57

1095 Beltaat, and th n all the ll'18h o1t1ea and the I1'1ah ool.ob1ea 1n Bl'1td.n .tollo 1n ealllng tor the opening ot the Jail sat The t1Sht w t on tol' thlt ,.eara atter b tore Dal7 wcm h1a tHed on Auauat 21. 18981 at th e&llle t!me as GaUagh and Wh1 tebead 1 wbo were Ulaane 1 prt1a 2 JobD Dal7 had been el ot d to Parllaaent wh11 h a at1U r larsel.7 thrOQSh t.be ttOJtt ot J a -.a a nd laud Oonne. Therefore 1 t 11 1Dtereet1ng to not that e.n Cl&J'ke atter h1a Hl ae 111 1896 aD4 INba quent ea!Sl'atl to t h e United 8 Stat a, 1'1'184 Dal7' n1 o 1ft We h1a beat JD8l'l w John 6 lla081'14e wbo oon atter llal't-1e4 llaud Gaime fW the thr aen, Clarke w a b7 far 1he moot e1grdt1oant and 1t 1 that be lad r 1ved the aevereat prison aen t noe ot th Dal'r U P1g1a atter r ting tba t Clarke had pet over tit a ,.&1' 1n peDal M'1 wtte, nt to &tpla.in the lattter' laportaoe. Ancl 1D th1e onn t1on 1 t 1e 1natl"uot1ve to lteep the oGbdQ.ot ot Jobft O'Lea&T att hla retum t1Wl Parle e 1ft 111184. Clal'ke had N.tu.ed to adatt det t e n 1D Je.1lt A aan ot 't:UlOOD erabl.nd1 he tMk the R1a1ng back to th Pen ian t 11m ot the 81xt1e .. t to the who w1 th pi s aad ahotpna, an4 et\lbb0l'D1 Wl4et' te4 tatth, weat out e11 the anow-ola4 h1lle ot 1n Pebl"Wl.l'J 1867, to tisht an eaptre. Fl'CIIl the ot bla J.tel he apet hia 4&111 PNJ)8.1'1na tor the v t that b.a-ought bia lit to a oloa He took no 1D pollt1oal mo ata, Juctatna t to be de pt1ve 4 Bnowlns tutur to be w1 h JOUth, be p.thue4 JOUD8 me about h!a taught h1a aS..ple oreed an ultimate appeal to and W4 'o w1U tba' vent hea f1me aboul4 bring 1 t to h1a ba.Dd '1

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1096 Oateneible Leaders ot th I.a.B. 1n 1907 When T Ol,utk aettl 4 down in Dublln 1n 1907, be fOWld that tb Jtqa1oal toroe pal't1 a 4cainated b7 t1ve "oatena1ble leaderaf't the orgau1zec1 RepUblican bodJ knew that the real leader ot the I.R.B. a Jobn ot.earr until b1 de tb 1n the apJ-ing ot 190'1J the7 al o len that their oatene1ble 1 a4e%'a were P.T. Dal71 Bean 01Ban1cm and Fred Allall, with Dlmie 1100ullo8h aDd Bula. r Hobaan 1D the orth. In tact, P.'l'. Dal7 w a th tOl'.oat PQbllo 18848.1' ot the I.R.B. 1D Dublin, where be ued hie poe1tlon 1D the r.boar llovent an4 h1a erahlp 1n tho DubliD COPpOrat1CIIl to torwa.rd the 14eal.a ot tM Repu.bl1o. 1 ot theae aa, a.d Allan a a to h&tve been tbe mo t ob-llaxiOWI to A coMing to P.J. P. 'l')'Dan, 1n 18&& AllaD 2 had been lUJIQ)e4 w1tb J Boland 4 P.l. F1tagel'8.14 1n "a secret lnqu11'7 UDder the Bxploa1v Aat. Slnoe b WaD at that t1ae p107fld b7 JSBlJll,\, perba the croe bad de a 3 Jdatake 1n OOimeotln& hill w1th t!Mtae dfnaalte auapeota. Purther eY14eoe tbat a lllatab b&4 boen ude 7 be tOWt4 ill Jlau.d Gonne1 autob1opaapbJ'. Indeed, he ven acoueed h1ll or lltns out to the oroWil on tbe oooaa1on ot Queen V1cto.r-1a 'a v1e1t to Ireland 1n 1900t 'lhie plll'e-aouled Hvol.ut1on1at d o to tbe '98 OenteiULt'J o ttM w1Ul obequea ot 10 n-o. A1d831all P11 the tlah-JlOilger, and -6 h'. Counoi.llor Jcm hla b ot.wn. I had tbat the obequea 'b Ht'UI'Iledf ae n 1ther the donOl'a stood tor II'S. h 1nd .,..,enoe, and ba4 b n 01atvoted on Prfl4 AllD c1 la1'1ns M lud verted t both to the Ha-t10Dal. 08\W 'lbere waa eo oh J 07 over the a1nner that r teth t thea ._uea led to t be eleet1an ot Alcte t'MD P1 to tbe ...,oralt7 aDd the PQ!'e-aOQl.Od rovolut1cm1st .,._ bie aeol'etar,. and eat 1n the g114e4 1lqoN.1 coaah 11h1eh, oaoortect b7 toot and borae pe11c dro'ft tbPou.gh stt-eet 11D w1 tb ld.l1tar7 to JIM t the X.,. ot b C1 t7 to V1otor1 5 6&0-659.

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1097 Pgllower a 9L Im!. CJ.arke It 1a little wonder, then, that Clarke. who "was a a,mbol1o t1gure repreaent1ng th pureet doctrine and the noblest tra41t1ons ot Fen1an1 ahould have oaaae into oonn1ot w1th such a an ae Allan a Mqpcrted by Mrs. Clarke an4 bJ uncle' Jolm DA171 he bpt 011 enoouras!.q the eslve aeparat1at eleenta. Bow ever 1 he had to be pruden' at the begS.JmS.na. tore he wu onl7 a co-opted a.abu ot the OOllDe111 and b could be 41..S.aae4 h'CIII the Coano11 w1 tbcntt appeal Could Allaa 1 oHanlOil, and P.'l'. Dal7 have found anJ reucm tor d1e1aaUlg hill. 1 And whethol' or not Clarke waa c!J.lteotlJ reapona1ble, and P.s. 2 oBegart7 would to 1nd1oate that be 1t 1a a matter ot record that 1 ot the aixteen JDen ex outed attar the Eaater s r1a1n8, at least ele (not including Olarlte h1maelJ" or h1a brotb&r-ln-law 1 Edwwd Dal7) beo_. aaeoo1ate4 w1 th the J>h7s1oal to.rce part7 arter 1907. ID ecnnecticm with the peopl who beoaae a aocle.ted with the I .R.B. atter Olulte'a return, a tew word a JD&f be aa1d about Ccmate.nee Jlar1dev1cz 1 John llaoBr14e, Sea KacD1arMda1 Bamolln o.atmt, P.R. PeaPae, MaoDonagh and Joseph 14a17 Plunkett. Oonatanee llar'kl..rioz Ooaatanoe lla1'1dev1oz beeaJte aaaoo1ate4 with the Pen1ana 1n 1909 when the Ir1ah Republican Bo7 scoats, "Ia F1anM. El.reann," & 6 "the t1rat ll111t&rJ' orpniaatlon in Ireland" waa tounded. She waa the ol4eat daugbter ot S1r BenP7 Gore-Booth ot L1aaadel,

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1098 1 Sligo. Yeeta apoke or her s1 ter, who was a d1attngu1sh8d 2 3 poet and pac1t1at, and her 1n h1a poan "In Meanoey or Bv GoreBooth and con Marldn1oz 1 anr a time I think to a k One or the other out and apeak that old G org1an -.ns1on, mix PiotUI'ea ot the old mind,. reoall '!hat table aid th talk or JOUth, Two s1rl 1n a ilk ldmonoa' both Beaut1tul, one a pcelle. 4 Bv1clentl7 Y ta lcnew her wtum be a JO'lt.b 1n Sligo and, pre l71 e a guest 1n bit-bal Per 1n another poe, "On a Pollt1 Pr1aoaar, he as 1n zetel't"r d to h1a aoqua1ntanoe with ber when ahe w a a aula lfh. lana ago I her ride UD4er Ben Bulben to the et The beautr ot her ccNntrJ-1!e With all. JOttth's lonel7 w1ldneaa stir.Ped1 She od to ve olean and sweet Like arq roo aea-borne bird 5 ConataDOe Gore-Booth's connection wtth the Iriah 11tera17 th tel" ov.-n t om be traoell back to the 1dt1al ettort 6 G crge Moore, W.B. Yeata, La4,. Oreaol7' and Edward KartJD In 1901 when ab returned tr '1 Parla with bel-Pol1ah husband, Coun-t C.es..il' Marld.evioz, 00\mteaa llark1ev1ots t interest 1n the dNma e ocmt1mled 'lhia ..,. have 1Dtereeted llad 9 r1d. vioz 1n IngbinUhe nah-BS.reann. At ua7 rate ahe eanv111nlted to 1 ta paper, P e.

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1099 1 Pianna nab-Elr ann In 19091 when Bad Powell "waa orsan1z1ng hla Br1t111h so,. soou 1 1D X.elu he appMletl o Pa trl k P tor a14 beoauae the auo the lat " ha 1ng with IP1 bOJ8 i c atan ld. v1 P1Mil&1 whl p nlu. Po U the ranb ot the 117 1 t Iruh toaa ot the WOl'd 1a o t er, 19U, a br or the Irlah a Batlcmal Bo7 IOOQ a a to fheH.tor l t 11 .. lln1 ln OOPJcl' b7 t.po to CODO 1 that Cowst 1u e ot the 1D' eat wh1eh the I.R.s. took 1n beJt Ol'pniaatlon, part1 arl7 att 1912 wh 1t 1nat1tuted ohUl a ln the r oDDel" 1

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1100 All s.a,_..atin& p1 tve ot Ma Mark1 v1cz t1v1t1 with th bo7 be tCND4 1rl P ' J'Oil at ..,..,....,.. Jt --tt oBJt14 8 -.n Ia 1a.rJaada an o BJ-1 ' ao 1Y1t1 1D ou -Atr1 an4 bla ill& u.ma have ....... .... 7 b t1one4. Tbe e.r 2 3 \rated b7 Le.47 O a.raP7 aa4 tile 1a t b7 w.a. a B ttle4 4cml 1. a. s to Inlalu1. but at lAaat one ou1on o ottloera ot tbe or a

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1101 1 llaoD1al"'llada and Oeannt Joined the I.R.B. 1n 1908. Their s aaaoo1aUon 1ft the maruagement ot the P1anna baa jWJt beea mentioned. Clarke and llaoD1aJ'IIlada, who had beocme treuure.r and eoret_., 3 reapect1vel7 ot the Supr OOW1o11 ot the x.a.a., helped to lalmoh a t:llil'd ors&Jd.sat1cm 1n lilSh To obMk and 4et .. t th ll8Dtal 4 ap1r1 tual oonque t Ireland to gi tha S.paratlet a voloe whioh would b heut1 ' apr ad the idea tbat II-elan4 1 a nat101l entl :led to llldepen4 ln tact to 1ntJtodllo 1n pub11o the pollo7 and.D& the Ir1ah peopl tl:le I .R.a. rounded the Pr Club tto at.,. a nuoleua ot u c:.pnbatlon tllben neec1 ', aa14 Ir1ah (Sept., 1912}. 'rhe t1rat ot the olllba aa tO&ii&d: aat 1D J\me1 19121 the ob J t ot whioh a to tabl111b an Il-llh ftepublle b7 the a14 ot Jlb7a1oal t Like KaoDtar.a4a, oeannt aot onl7 waa 1ntereate4 ill Silm 8 Pe1n but alao 1n the I'Tee4GII Club Acoard1ng17 he oollabottated with P.Se Peuae 1D the publication ot AD Barr Bu.dh, org&D -. OUIIanft Saoll'ae, &1eh 1a mel'el7 xrrlah Pr Club" VaDalated 6 into Oaelto. 0011 Oolbel"t Whose aaaoo1atla with Pear hu al7 a-ead7 bMD tloaed, alao beloqed to
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1102 h1a admiaaiaru The7 went ao tar aa to rona a oabal 'tlhioh tor over tCNr Je&ra baft'ed Pe' a adldaalon to the I .ReB. Twloe hie na pqt down tor nSnat.tcm at 'lee11Ds' a, DWJ11D arad twiee he waa rejected, the tlrat t aoon the lWDda t1on ot st. Brlda a, be ue, 1'= a oncat be.ra, ot h1a att1 twle oa the volut1Gb Soh tor IrelaDitJ a atup1d exeuae, 1Ddeed1 When it 1a 001la1dered that Pearae a then tree tr oatl" !be aeoond tiae 1D 19121 whe be na aptn nleoted em \he -plea (s.. Pa4ra1s o Oeallaoba1n 1n Ill& S!etllt Bn l81 19'21) 1 !he eabal retened to 1D the above quotat10D pre8UID&b17 waa alrea47 1n e:dateue 1a 1911 when seu JlaoD1.al'Mda att phd to 8 enroll Pear Peal-ae bad beea 1nv1ted to addHaa the wolt 1'011 Cl'a on an amdvereal"J ot Robvt ta blrth At that tSme, the IeReB was UQC!eo14e4 to wba to do about an 1Jilpen41Dg v1a1t or the new nns to trelcda Ear 17 ill tbe 7ear 19U Coan 11 had JROYed that the Bxeout1Ye ot the I.K.B. abotll4 41aoourage, oa-1a '-e ouea .t0l"b14 at aee ins, "aol.utloaa re1at1D8 to the Bns' v1a1 t to Ireluld ID aocvdaau w1 th thia 1 tt. Dub11n Ofll tral Wolte Tc:me Oluba o..1ttM 1Dt0JIIle4 ot the 101GD b7 Tea Cl.al-lre 1 a D4 told that tha d 1a1on wou.l4 appl.J alao to the t o at1cm tins to be hel4 1ft llaliah. Pa MoOartan and otbera 1 wbo 1mew 1 a a well Cl&rlce, how euoh aee\-1118 were s.nterpJ'eteG lD the u.a.A.f r with who reiterated tbat lt a deo14e4 to t.ve nothtns pol1t10a1.1 However, tu t 0<: a M .. ttng dul7 hel.4, all4 Pearae, 1n a t1Jle apeeoh, roueect hi audleaoe to a pltoh tba t lleOanan d .. 14e4 to aoat the platt'Ol'll to pl'opoae a reaolut1on pro eatlns aga1nat the Ro,al v1a1t, aad 'r Clarke hSlt 4ee14ed to aMODd aot1on The Oouno1l x.a.a., took a aerlowa vlew ot th11 aot ot 1Jidlao1pllne1 eDC1 ao 1on taken aphult Clarke or KeC&rtala un4v that headlq. I Ill 19lJ5 P ar beea reSU].ar oontributolt to lp Fte4 UlC1 1n 1916, he ooUeoted h1a artiolea tor pW>l1oat1cu 1. Lelloax, !i !Jt.l. 1 P 120. 2. .D!A. P 94. a. l!ll, PP GG-9'1.

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1103 a a paJQphlet. In a pretaoe to the booklet be saida I o a the er1ea w1 th the d liberate intention, b7 al'S\1111 t1 1n otive and aats.re, ot gn8 tho 1lbo shared J1tf poUt1oal v1ewa t o t lvea 4et1n1te1J to an o t I tel t quite a\U'e tba t the bmu-was ripe tor au a av nt 1 but cUd not 1n the begilmins f'oreaee the preo1ae to it to When I wrot the art1ole tor oY er pOQp ot at1ona11ata with whca I wa 1D toaah had deo14 4 to found th. Irlllh Volunt era, and .. re 1oo't1Da eout t a leader who would 4 th ad heel ot 1eaa ladftlloedl t:ibaJl We WH lcrlown to beJ ot 0\U' o tollower were aure. Wh.a I ot tM art1ole tor De v 1918, Boln llaoXe111 had (qulte \1Jl tedl7) 11 M4 h1a '1'be North Be8aD' ill An and we bad to lftvit hill to pat J.l.l.ll&aa.u In ov er, 18131 Pearse, Who raa.eou.al7 thought that 8 h had b a Peniua 1Jl 1910 t1na117 waa co-opted am er of the Iriah BeP'tblloan Brotber:bood b7 order ot the F.xeout1 v 1 tb s oath belzls adJliniatv to hill by Hob 01\ JlaoDonagh aD4 Plunkett to have joined at111 later. Por DorotbJ llaGArdle baa reported tbat th ton 1' was co-opted 111 191' and ae to 1Dtv tbat Joe ph 5 llal:-7 Plunkett beoame or t abtt the tble. tbe ot.f1o1 1 organ ot I.a.s., will r oeivo an anal,.ta a1Jd.lar to the cae pertOftled em tla Ben 1D chapter ot the her pa r and eo the t aape t ot Ir 1M R.uig will not be ooni4 reel 1ll the enJ.ns dlaou ton ot the torav. at't r a br1 r 1nt the oontent and 001ltr1but0l'a to

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1104 pol1t1oa1 lllp11oat1orute On 00'SCH)8P 8. 1910 Clara vote to Dal7 a boa.t a propoaed n laD Jaw!'D.ILJ. t o b attaoked 1a thia pa t The Republic pap ooald 1tate lta own a e or attaok .. but !I" &D lruUY.ldual. paper would ave to be un Cll1 1nslJ national an4 lml' rvecU7 tl' 8 Ponu.tt a ID ap1 te oppoa1 t10D. led b7 Freel Al] an, the Sup!' Ooun 11 or the I.a.a. aupported the oJe t U'ld 4 red a 1_,. ot abllltns on em 1Ddl .S.4ual a141ae the paper. IA\er l whioh, pate lJ, ot It la 1:aarc1l7 n &1'7 to po1Dt out that .... .u IJ'J!!Sl!ll waa not pabliolJ ao owledpi aa the Ol'Pft ot th I.R.s 6

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1105 All tlut ot th1a o tt" P.r*' Alle1 who, v1dent1J'1 hoped to be t ot a bad Job b7 oantro111ng tb paper whoa birth In t utable to Aa a reault ot Allan' a 1 Kooartu .,. e4 a 1 w a Pat WaS g1 D a tr .. M.Ja41 aDd 4\ut h1 1 onth or otr1o he a t up 1D a h1ah a taadartt 1Ddeed1 1rl revolut1on&J7 J B&r17 1Jl 19121 Bulaer HobaOD auooM4e4 MoOartaD aa ecU.\ ud M7 I bave held the poet unt11 hia 'bJt k 1f1 Cla.rke 1D 1$1 ID aD7 v t, .81-ieD o 'Hlsglaa oo-41 or Olar ot the tinal 6 masbera 01&1' et I vltOI'f OYV Alla woul.4 H te4ect to tbe bualM atatt Pa44)-OIBouz-r tlmledt alao to baYe t101l1Dg

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1106 In h1aown aeottaa tlaoDianrtada never tlpaJ-od h11laol1' and took h1a meala OD17 wb there waa no wol'k to be done. hla oo-wcrbu "re _,. Ceaan11, on. Batt oCaan01'1 Oatbal P1al'e.a Be ala11 Con ColliDe Sean lloO&rJ"7 and, later, 1 ellowa 1 In oonneot1on with thia double wlotorr, OtBe-tJ'' e&Smate ot Clerke, wrtthll attar 19161 would to be worth repro4uc1Dga Xare than an7 other o.ne be s .re pcma1ble ror the 111-1\&l'Mct.S.GD tor he a th =alDatq c4 th srou,p whloh trca 19U had ed u4 plann 4 tal' an tDaurre t10Jl whoae ta1 th and poa1t1on n ao tlnel7 M\ out 1.n 1916 b7 l&dra1s Pe&l'ae 1D h1a rcu.r pampbl ta 2 Firat Jhaiber the rt.rat DUIIIIDeP fd IV !Z.!Ba In oODt at to I& P .tgl.t, whiob coat twi u auab,. 1ta Jrioe waa on penn7 per cow. Detore tNI'Ding to a JDOH detailed ccma1derat1011 ot the oontt and ocmtr1bu\ora, th1a 1ntroduct1cm -.,. be oon clude4 w1 ttl a brief aurn,ot YOl Lt.ke l!h l!tv1g, kiM .,.P......,.iiiiiaiiJ ntuaect openl7 to idaUIJ 3 1taelt with ex!. t1na p011t1aal pa.rt71 \Mt to those taillar with Ir111h h1at017 tihe relation betw able 1t and tbe Pentane wae unm1stak Ita otto a a quotation flt
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1107 O'Le&l"J Like thtla we b Uove 1D and woul.d work the 1n-4ependaoe ot Irel&Dd &ad us the te.ns with DO Haervat1GD stated 01' 1apll.aJ ataa4 tor the o plote and total t4 Irelud trca :fi"D4 aad the eatabU t or an Irim oo ...... t, =-ed ad unoODtroUed b7 NLJ other SOY t 1D the world. L1ke the n etand ror aa Ir1ah t 1 aa !b--.a Devin Re1117 aa14 in 18481 'Pl'Md can t alee bUt ODe abape .. cmpt ua -a Republ1e. t 1 'l'he tr1tD417 attitude toW&l"d tM Irish labor JDOV et 41a plaJed 1D ita 1n1t1al 1 sue alreadJ' been a-.ucmea. Ita a,.pe.tJ:v' tOI' the Abbq !heave ln41oated b7 u 1n41l'eot appeal tor 1\\Dda 8 tOI' that tl'oublect t erpa-1... r.s. oBesan:r ba6Q a r1ea or art1ole 011 fi1U.taa Rocmq. An4 an aJUliiJilOU ..,-1 t deaor!bM I German ll1Ut&r7 teehnt u IQ8r1or to Bnsllabt 1nd1al"ttabl ev1-denoe that aa eAI'lJ aa 1910 the x.a.a. oonaldeJtl.hg GelllaJl7 a a poaalble an,.. And 1Jl tl:da oOMeot1e H.a.o. Polllr4 later wrot 1n 2'2!!. Aa -..17 aa ltU, Jobll Duv.,-1 ot Olan-u.-oael, ad lDitlated oOI"l'ea,..Sezaoe OD point, 4 there waa a oleu Wldvatand las wlt.h tbe Iriah Hftlld1on1at t Gar18Jq would p1q the part ot tr1ea4 aDd &14 1Jl their 4ea1gaa 6 However, 1t Poll.ard ha4 react a tUe ot 1b. J;Upl tor the 1fl&l' l8Mt he woul4 :baw toad a a!aUIU' 11lt_..at. Aad 1t M ba4 lld.Dod a tSaeta 11h1ob. were be1ns 1D Tor7 quarters 1D the 11orth cl Irlan41 1w would haY noted that demmo1at1one ot BOlle Rul bad a aS.tlar w aaCIIDable J*lt tn 8 Ulster, U not HP11et-1 at lea t bJ Dee.tter 191Ch

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1108 An thia ot 1. thJa r t1 ........... Gemteel"'l to a4 Da'rid L1 1. a s. caleta 8 41 1D ate and :tel' detdl. the &r'tl 1 Irl IN1aD t ad1f t ot

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1109 1D repuc11at1ns &n7 augeat1on ot the part1t.1cm ot Ire1andt 'It thia na loa 1a to so 4own, vote . '1 t 1t go &:t11D gallantb a b ita don tl.pt1ng, but let 1t einl into e abjeo ot Cla.l"f'1q a ell out ot 1 ta 1t and cl1n 1 t over to Bnglon4 ..u t tJltBt U1t 1a 11'81 4 a and hall r-lD IrelaDd' '1'h Ir1ah 1 in ita polit1-oal and oapao1 '7 re gall an4 WONWoo4 to evv7 Un1CD1 t 1D Ulat t ahall thq awaUow 1t.. w w1U t1gb th.a U the{ ut t1pt1ns a but a!all never 1 t th SO. D ' With ret reno o tbe o Api'U st,. 191a aubJeot, T Clarke wHte to John DalJ I had a lett (wbo writ a virile article 1a S.ltaat.... o ra ot thea J'0Q118 Nor o u Pro tut Ba 1 llata w1 th our 01ID papiah s al' pr 1D the 7 tor a bi anti JUtt1 tS.OD at 1D order to a t th paoe toJe th reat ot V1alt ot George v. 1911 A ba tUe between the tor a ot Pre4 AllaA and 'f Clark took e 1D l9U, which WO\lld tlJ t:ave 11lt Natecl both Un1on1ata and the !Jt1 ab Par11 tar7 l adera d theJ lmO'IIJl about 1t. Allan it ..,. b re 4, bad b-.n tr18D417 with the Lard Mqor, Who s had wele Queen V1otor1a to DQblin 1n 190<>. Ill 19111 the Su-pr Ocnmoil tOI'bade r ao1ut1cma 1-elating to th Uns' v1a1t,11 4 but T Olar1t ud Pa tr1 ok :.toOar\an, w1 th the a1 d P .w. P , det1e4 the probibl,ioat 1' Clarke rt1alle4 1D 6w ooura b7 order the IRB at the Kom!:fta Stal' Pub1l Roue 1 Soot laftd Place, L1Y pool, tut waa aaera ed. oartaa waa 1 o tr1e4 at h1 DubUD I.a.s. Club Nld aequ1 tedJ an th1e viotor1 he asaia J 1D Clarke, Hoba011 and other ooUpee 1D a laet 11 t aplnat AllaD... a 1. a.-. D:l"' a. r.. Rowt, a. s .. P 4a See P 11 6. I.e Roux !i. !.!1 PP 96-99. PP 148-1&0.

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1110 ot OCN.I' 1 oppoa th Elng'e v1a1t. Thus, e 1t deDOUDOed. l.!!EIJCI. .Cesi:M6. pub11ah1ng 1 ttett t1tl tor new ltlng, 1D 1 t 1011 or Ro,al V1aS.t" *loh propQS e4 that th B1gb llDge ot Ir1 ant1qu1 t7 1 bould ot the Ir1 h 4eaor1b a tup14 tarraso tl t 17 'or the ate-paper baetcet, propoa ... that the7. tM Br1t1eb w1l1 do OD be J)al,. aDd Jobb DeVQ7 ble o be p nt o tll[1lPftae their d1a111ce to leo 1 t r.,.-, t that Irelaft4 t the peopl U v 1n %1' 4 now w1U 8 . It t ., 1911,

PAGE 73

1111 tORI' DeY11n1 Pl' A ul.tr Rellsl 7 Il-1 l1ke 0 thoU A a ea. A 11, 1 K.P., for h1 o dt en .. 1D and the Lal'ld.Jl1 01'1111v ot B1bern1ana and t tbJ.e hGe tll1 t,. 'be o te, the Il'alan4er, lth hla ._. ........ etr, 1 11, Pearee pr-opo e4 an all1&DJe betwe 1D the I hand tl3e tJl ter-<>NJlSe Volunt tU __ .,.,, the Ir111b. Parll le 11 P 51'1e Apr111 P 189

PAGE 74

1112 be g1WIU IM.ah-INlaD4 'l'op1o The d of be t1 oploe In th!a pntc tloa SooletJ" 81Jm 1n, Atblet1 Aaa 1 tl lea which appea t.D .Willi! tmtllt!.Jmt11 upcm Il'ieh-Ire'm' 11a e4 1t a or 1nt at to tbe In.h Qat. ea.Uo wh1 ..,..._f&II!UB 41apla.Jed tor t-.J.a nt- ID e01m 1 w1 th 1 ta 1Dtere t that Geall-p Busell end sa Horace Plunllott reJoiced 1!1 ita t-3 ta k upcm D1llcm and tb Ulster land ret. T.w. Ruaa 11, tor tho1r hoat111t7 to th ooopel'&t1w 111o.-ent. .&..Z. e perbapa 1 al 1o about a or! t1 t. ot hie r b on All ezhib1 t10D 11a U. v Gop 1ft Dubllzl talk about de et .,

PAGE 75

1113 1D a hah1on that -.t ot h1a ac11111.P.-a. Pol" th aDOJQIDOWI o1'1t1o belle ct t t th po t-s.&pree 101l1ata l:w&d t ttalttva llr G Moor one de4 t to Dub11a, butiUUIII., hU 1q waa ' aDd tb Post-Impreaa10D1 ta po ae a that t7 lD an 8'ferl hl&beJt dell'" 1 Sinn Pein, oGl'dJ.na toR ... HenJ7, wa ra41 U7 afteoted bJ IJ.eJi I do not cue a tla ro,. republ1o&D1 republlhD1 aa14 111m. 1a two 7e&ra latet-J but trca the w:llat ot lWJ.O date -uii' mov t wh1 etualb &-cw O'lt ot Slim Pe1D t:he 14ea ot tbe re-tabl18 et ot tbe Xlna, x.ct 0 ol Irelu4 ua r Ooaatl tut1 ot 1'188 aDd plaeed 1 t b7 tao t ot an Irlah a PQbl1o. e 'l'be Oaell League 8eftral lt 1Dt.o.d, pre 17, tor el1o Leaper a are noteworihJ' P!rat, th title ltaelt. O'Leai'J', 1t a will be eNd, thought the l.arlpas revival a JMJ of the !Perdu pel'lo41 1 appeared em 1te treat pase 1ll both Engllah and Il'lahl SAODlSEAOT DliSB PRDJ)(Ij BA b-BIDAJII. 4 Jlext the wer th&tee arat1ol a 1D wbloh linked wlilb t10llal1 Ill ot th entitled 9l ill\,

PAGE 76

1114 1dlo ea14 tbat to write 1D Il'lah was draaticaU7 to 11111t a wrltera au41coe. He o1te4 OhrlatlaD1t7 and othel' exuaploac were not the .tlrat to c11aonw tbe se1u ot Sbaba pear t an th other ct 1 not Earl II xa work on Capital, ao well moe 1n BftslaDd that lt has been oal.led the 'Bnsllab ortd.Ds man's B1bl '' What modem DO tt 1dut tongue be s ka, :t.a not studied Ibae the Jorw s1at !>14 Tol to1 t Buaa1 pre t the spread ot hia W)J'k ove all Bul'opet 1 The aeoon4 utl le) perhapa 1Dte.tteet to the stud t 2 or the Celtlo rena1aaanoe thaD o.t the Nv1va11 wu a trana-a lat101l ot R n' a71 !b!.t 11. A. !at;S.cmf !he tbil'd poaaeaaed a o ta1D sna or. PQI' 1ft 1 t th l\147 ot the Ir111h laD&'WLse was pra1 eel 1D a taphor 111b.1eh UDdou'bte417 appealed to OlaJ.tlce d Jolm Dal7f we waJ'lt a 1d.ft4 or aplr1 tual dJ'n.S. te to blow a bish the ohaina o.t !ngl.a.nd Oft our m1Dcla anc1 l'ta 8Dd aOu.la. An4 I aee euah dJDaDd, te t hand WhOse u tulaea la har41r reoosnJ,zed b7 muq ot ua, the Ir1ah la.D.paae. M uJulea1able o
PAGE 77

1115 1 Atblet1o Aaaoc1at1oa, perhapa b7 P.J. DevllD, mq be noted. ot Peouliar Interest to Fen1ana 'l'be thi.l-d ea te101'7 or articles cons 1st or ma terlal peouliar interest to the P.-tiana1 and 7 b aub41v14-1nto mattara or h1ato.r1cal ancl contempol'fllT tnt at. Art1el 011 the H1at017 o the Illtl1 FaN Movem t Art1oloa Oil the rebe1110D ot 1'198 tall 1nto the former ala a 3 The exaapl mq be noteds !gtSEd JA .!.!}, t R1t1pa 1 aDd a ClU'1ou it 1D the 1 J U.171 1913& p & .u ID the aD 8'ltih-p;ibl1cat1aah= Rev lohb ko. ea, ., baa r oentl7 bMD belit the un1tect IJ-1 ea at oou14 able lesth. It 1a a p1t7 that a like Father MaoErlem, Who -. clone ex elient 1ftX'k an ditor ot Ir1ah tlhoul&t aMk u English pab11oa tiOil 1D wh1 a ttaok Me OOUDtljw. 4 Par tb stu&tt ot the rialns ot 18481 I& prinecl 5 e r.s. oB btosr pbJ' ot Jo!ID ttohel. and rept"int George S1gel'aon' 061ebnt 8 Jlanoh ter Mart.,ra, Dl. Bologayt, took tb baok to 18trl, Autob1ogaph1cal wr1 tina by JObn Dal7 an. d T Clarke tol4

PAGE 78

but v Cl t ra 1116 with J lall B1 tOil'J Irl ........ w M-,.. 1 911 P 1

PAGE 79

VolUI'lt 1 117 A -.1P!Jonii.. or1t.t1 th P 7 wul4 "r ve the 1 A"V
PAGE 80

l ot ina !t t x B lao pra1 ..t. oHi 1118 b 0 1n unou=t Oltl.7 aMilftt!.l.. 7 G J a 1'1 &8 1902 ... iftbUil.llJ b aD c.u. t or aJ!L!!l!!B. la't 1n Deet: 1184 .... the b Ir1 an4 1D the tha s 1a11 t ......... 18 0 In a441t1 to t d lt. ot"' 1 b7 ot ion apir1 that will b t 4 1n th.18 Uttle book ont t at ontrl'buton to 191 P 6 P 54. 1 Jul7 l' 1912 P B.

PAGE 81

Of b l 2 8 1119 ll r .s., o t 1 aa a ao.. ODara .. -"h1l ... l 1n Du.'bl 19&8a at p 0 th1a eubJ ot.

PAGE 82

:s. 6 7 1120 a of WS1ll t 1910. .Q;!f4l-Ptbi'UarJ' 1912 P a

PAGE 83

DO .. t s B h :bl a441t1 o e d .. at 14 1t :'1 be a. 1121 BuUint Bult1n 4 a I tn 11'1 Go table 1e a b t 1olea a1 e4 "I.Qc Land BWIIeCI that O'H p.l' 7 ooratr1 be thla ._ 1 13, p 3 1911, p .&.

PAGE 84

punt d ou h1e Sha 5 7 were n t t 6 See pp. 1122 Anti o d 1 5 1 0 6 1a ta 'b ve o1t u. 2 a to th 3 1n v1 ln J lt 4 ot 1t. d at ot 1 til l1 ltl at s. a maN n t 1 .,

PAGE 85

&8 t1:Qil1teJ'8 1 1g tal 1123 aue w1 h ho WtJ'cd 1 d14 0 u wS.U be 071 J, t I:Wl"'''llft-1D Irlan4 tru dlt 1 1 tt 11t 1rCCI\lCl8 __ _,. 1n Iri J 4 t 0 t art7t I 1912 P 2 a1

PAGE 86

v1 1n 1 1' B UG 1124 0 1 ., r.n lAl' 1D In 18'13. t Aftg1o-aa .oliiiiiiiii:Oa .,.iiiioiilil.,. !a!!!J!BJt:,. P 1

PAGE 87

1 a :s. 5 e 7 a 10 11. wu. 1 1 to it 1125 G 1f1 1 e t lto a ta- Utb ed 14th .s. vol. ea. eMIIAI'l''l' t Ir1U. AUgWat1 19111 P 1

PAGE 88

1126 'lhia Anglo.O eftilAJ\ oolltalon s to :ve e-onv1nce4 Ca 1 t 1n t otflDg, d 1n ug\Ut he ot r pel' pa, I or th r -3 (with t h lp ot Jtuno ) and eh outbr 081'1!!81'l7 and t be -----Octob 19U, r Hobao 6 0 nta old tr1 0 P1ght ? to whi o h he 1 ct th paent411CI:lJID 0 Le Le JlacCJoa1nn, to Wb1 r tel'-ter 8 0 toll -In Ju171 )91:5, 0 .... -utta art1ol -!!,O!!!!I!!Z .L. h1 tor.t.an l 2 3 4 6 e 7 s s PP 9. R H 0 anct R1char4 n. ........ ..... P1ghta Bnalan4, _.:;,;;g ........,........,......., Bobacm 1n th opy 1 L1br&r7, Dubl1n. 1015-1016 10. See PP 1 0 1 6-10 1 7 7 _;....tWo tl sL P 188.

PAGE 89

At Whl an o p t 1127 th 1 7 e 4 t v11 1'1ltb:J LGI'd Rob t whiob 1a not OODO med w1tb lt I 8 I

PAGE 90

1128 art1ol pling cc! 7 Anglo-. r1 o all o 1 cas -.-..-. but "DftJ".napa 1 t 1 h1 1m w1 tll Qel'IIIADJ P Be an or tor" 4 j0Uftla11 t, t n Ca ant. And th 1 toun4 u t bo h b111t1 tel:y t both ot to the ot p Pra ; a ta AD41 1: th f"o ll-p1 th "ult tor Le ftou 1'8'DOJ:'l1li1GI

PAGE 91

1 1129 414 t a 1 t 1 t P1 c 1D I lant, ...,Woiiiiiiiiiiiio ... tlioiiiiiiiiiliit !!.!JD.eiJ!:!lJ& pp 42 43

PAGE 92

1130 p b 191Z. H1a v1 pr 2 Ratht 1n 1c t 'YU'1atlcm th!.l lD he det' 1n U7 or 1 7 Sl 1 ll' In J\&17 he PI' 1*1 woul4 g1V 8 Va o Q3. 6 t llow-natl al1eta bill "t a14

PAGE 93

1131 D 1a a,cle t to be t l t wtth did of the Oaell Lea 1 not a Ill s p d tnlfii.&L 1n JUne. b 1 !! p ' t t1ve h 1t b I ot whi wJ.th aD.I!tU'OCl b7 08Ctr. R et tbat b1a 1 d ,. ot to a or\ 1 4lci GJtltt1 tl 0 lanoe b .. In tor to blll' ot Kl and latt r "tr1 to ut Ir1ah

PAGE 94

1132 In ctob , p h1a 111"1 to tbe Dubl 1n tbell-able tr1b. b 8 not eel t 1t 7b t p 11 4 4 1 the 1 a DOt b o1 at .. r Ul s t f t r on tOXt the Ittllh tionallata and atl'1 'lllo r1c11 u 4 s It aiD 8 t p 1Dto tJut I B r a rt1 t a t b t to hi t two InJ>e 1 to 1 Ir1. n to H up 1 P.B. P .., P P 1 '70.1 '11. 2 P 1069. :s. ... PP 0..181 PP 9. P 18! s ee P 1103.

PAGE 95

1133 t R oa and quot b All att ok 2 ror 4 t1o 1z1 Id h J'OQ.thw tt I he to l1 t tiUtt.._ t .;r i t h1 .. n to a rm themselves: It Jo1D 0"""" ---olunt G(leQ with p 1a tor t t t1 o t.rl u 6 1'"8 nf. tj. I' n\'t4'MIIH r than the 'Z 1 & 1&1 one Il-land a 1 'cal. a l to deoent Irish-to t OOS:IIIUn1cm wl th DOlle to u an ' 7

PAGE 96

1134 pt t t t o 4 oted to 1oua peot a or th I.R. 1Dto t 0 t tJ.rat ent1tl Olat'ke ...,....,,. to14 b t the 1 ot the I.R b In lt the old r F 1 tollo r ot T Cl 1914. d1 .ea. The o r ot o oa a tat. z 17, J a 4 ID the lat DWIIIGQ m-llmn t s 1 OUl.o U'-4o-,.-Al ot t b t ld.a 1tleh ero IJ.'h toll a ot T Clu b cau ot ld. p hood a ua1 t aD th1. I 1D th 0 t ,.,en,. or 0 an s aut t1 a to v tos-1 1nto oon.t11ct with Allu a l u.-. ...... 0\\ta. ID 0 al 0 1nt Ballonn o 11 t

PAGE 97

1135 J c 1de, a cD1 da d 0 twr toll r ot 01 1n dirt t ll c ide, r .ted b7 Lad7 Or Or'J d W old, Pe1 11*1 d c and Oeannt toll 1D tbe'J b l' oru1t att l' c r e' 1-turn ill 1907. lbe7 r as oo1 tecl w1th their k tor p a h c1 J 'I DO 1ll unt11 the 1!7 eot th Peal'a ,. 14 1D hip t bJ 0 c a14 11 t but b1a a wan bloc 4 b'J "a o obJ to h1a hoat111t7 to ,. cn1 t W'ltll tt l' e tr1bu mm lD 191S ot two d1vlcte4 into 4 a 41aoua 1cm ot 1 t. oont t 4 contr1but a l'J .. p a 1ntrod\lo b7 a 41acua 1 ot th 4Uf1 cult lea llah th b Oh be t o 1r; a tr1 d p 4 ot it at t. All lt th point 1tor1 01ar tlltat ot th pa r 41 Ir1 tor dta a1 ot the oont 1n 1 Abb to d1v14

PAGE 98

into 'tlh1 p rt,., top!. t1on t r1r t tlou.l rly oonc ttAttMld1 COiltl'ib\1 J v 1136 d re r a tew on 1st th Ir11h 1 I 1Dt d t pUn. 1t1oa, cu.-WQIMD R9 .............. VJ Iriah t o .Uc tJ. t 1nn lt 1' Vol wt t!rat tor a o 4 In oonn tS. 1111 h a not t t a1 J t ot h1a t1ol r the I.B 1n pl t Aa14 tr I.rla 4 lld writ 1' Hll-I toUl' wrlt t u o t b t lalo

PAGE 99

1137 to I w re& sean ooa q, Col Jolm T oSwln 1 Oonstano .1d. v1oz, r o Dtltt)' 1 D esmc:md R n U10il cr oontl'ib\tt. eell, al he a a tr1 4 of r Hobson, a oOttnt t the tor e rt1 le to an intl' ct1oa to rlal!.s t1 lng to 1c to 1 ate ' Cra1g1a r or th t 3 tto 1n 1ta att t to aol e Ir18h CJD pP 1 P.s. oBs laP ocm 1but01'a to .;:;awliiiiD t1ft4 lou whi t1 th --..-.-...... iiioMiilli .. h wrot b1ogr phi ot 111 d Jobn t elJ 4 NV! .. boo b 17 wleee 4 Al1o stoptord H1s t l' Z' abl 1on howev 1111 weN In thia aea-1e pn181ng ,.,, ......... -...... uD4 tbe t1tlea 1D r or Gr1 1th 4 hta otr l b7 tr1tmt! 4 e0l'1be4 Lann oblnson, P 1 Col L 47 orego17, J SJllS and Y. ta as suoo atnl o u&ata t IPiah t1onal1 J 4 SS.. Rog intluen that tt t tb 0 llo L tr Soc1 7 d tit to nt ve be br into contact w1 th he did not b 1'1 a 1D 1883. Bow ver, it otiY l7 1nt r stac'l 1D an Irish Oe under t n tng un t11 1911 wbsn h rote t t1rat or au s

PAGE 100

a 1 b .la1aer ., P.u. In the tt ar 1 lee d Cl' Ireland. I.e r fte 1138 r e to b publ1ahec! tt r cmtbr ot 19U to 1914 1n aw::;.:aa an4 .Ir1ah a It 8h01114 u ot ll't nUl to th po 1bl rotthi.a 1nt r Peal' 4 o1t7 he th n ... one -Ul'Pb7 G 0 the the th I n lln it he t d o j OUI'DoaUt. 1;lUe ot th to w1D tr1ah ol ot 12::l. 1 .,.t lJi lltan G 11o OCIIIIIleDt4td t VO bl7 I 7 Or ur1o 0 3 s t nabllll n ( he o14 I e .a. t), the tr ette .th et r J'f) 11'1 Volunt p the 1an 411

PAGE 101

OHAPTSR XXIII IAili TBB IO A18S CB, 1914-1916 p .... ... will be cU.tr t 111 title wlll be '1'h ttr.t wUl t ll or e ata tr 1914 to the ve ot tb 1n111rr otJ.onJ and tbe 4 par1: will b devoted to th to the IrS..h ptt'blloana ot 1uoh 1 z-e ot the Oeltlo r Y t J St t L O!J .u. '1'h o ue ot F 1an1 b r tUaoant t, Volu. e s- Aoe 1ngl.J t aer1at In 1 41 0 191' and 1916 01t1c tor a be t the G Uo L cer 1n o tor be t ancl the ltOIIIUUl a thol1o Church will be alngl 4 out t:or ttentton 1139

PAGE 102

1140 The o lie Le The Oa 11o League a ot b7 r th!e attr ot1 An the outb.r or 1zat1cm wu tcwm In 1914 ry v1 ntc ot tb th1e not ant1 1t1 h drop 4 out,. and te d th Ex uti pr otl U7 captur d b7 the 1 4 ot t Ir1 2 11 ot th1 t nc7 th I a .a. d e1 to u e 1t 1D 191 Appar tl7 th t k w a ntrust to D1arsm.d.4 L Ch o the pr1 a otins as or tarr to the oounc11 aur CODV revolu t1"" ....... ,.. .... e4 d ' ra1 1 Una1 c 3 M 0D1 d AooOP41n 1 t th annual &IUI"I'!IIIIlV .ft Col d Gnot or pri on t or r 1 4 t th Volunt rs, ult t 11 be-4 ot th Irian Volunteer P 69. 4b o P 156. PP 15 162

PAGE 103

Qul oent t at p ol the t h the Obool or 0 I t P ctlao eOOD
PAGE 104

c p c to ws. 1142 ote 'lh so r 240 ple" etlo OOD t1 Ot t @.tng b I ano t1 ot ace

PAGE 105

pub11 b 11 b 1 a. a. s. oll ot1 o 1143 & '' ca ... 004-7b 117 t1Gil taa cormo 1 p 245-24'1

PAGE 106

nlt1o 1. e 1 114 4

PAGE 107

e clea1 lead pot t 81 op 1 2 . 1145 w.nnru t b t 0 rtaill CatboUo to ottaet Jl 1t Th latt l' 4 to 0 t t 11

PAGE 108

cU.e 011 lath Irl h 01t1- to l ftb:a C 1t1a J, 1 u t 1146 or tel % w1U 'b d nt to .. .......,. ..,... 1 1 et ot Irt.h C1 b t ot ptbU ''ftWji.Aft hll d tbe I .s., a ten-t I l1e t ot 1n lu Of H8ltllleii1Cl t I .... m __ p -allJ d 'VD"'I"-'-Vol t I NUl W.PJt a.t.on whi th I .a. 4 the

PAGE 109

1147 t att bera 0 8 4 .... b'J ..... IIIU" b7 s oo 1a 'both z tiaa ba1:1rum p.-0 1 2 a s 6 e ' b aft Oot ., do bono to the c1tu I ttS..h tb 1 u,, t"' ..... ,"'_ ...... .a... .. t Oot 1'24 t ooaaq P 241

PAGE 110

1148 ODn10J.JlY to b11 p c ot t a! our. b ... .. "' b Irtah o lt tr1ot1 1 U9-B40.

PAGE 111

1149 Ind OcmnoUJ bell ved t t ot ubJ ot n ticm tor 1n deno ldght b lnto an bltem t1onal olut1on tat!l t ....... LDt pl or t lnos-tn Wh1 t Irl h Citizen Volunt r tbef t at o b t nt1o e4 own in 191 J but t 1ft t t be otlc 1D a4d1t1cm to t On October 1914 theN oo 4 e t t AJm1 d onst t1on t tlr Ir1 Vol t ra 1n Dublb. In connection WS.th the to to Gbli oee 1o h1 v1 1 M pot t oo1 th meJDOl''f Of Ul'lit d Il'la..,.._ d hioh d aeed bl 1n lla 111. '1'h "Ir11h 01 t1z a tt 1n tull etr th 1rrl. in con n t10D w1 the Ir1 01t1z amtual conentlo the Ir1ah Vol t oc OJ te o !'be II" lab OUP OV nt 1 pp 23 240 o .!!1 PP 53 54

PAGE 112

It II I' llfiO a oon4 1D t oe t an th 4 to th c to tabl1ah t t ot w1 ._.... blllt7 ot th Oltlen 17 Ob. 191, OM14 1t ot Aft t duot1 to oonnollJ' 1 0 0 e. :s. tor tbe R1a .LI:.III:Iw..ll l' 00 1z a r o1ut1 ar7 to no vern-oe w1 th t IrS. Volun ote 1n h1 1Dtro-

PAGE 113

1151 e but I oan tine! op to on th o r ..Uloo"-''!ff..U. connol17 414 not ovid prov1 the e.U.at 1mIn r plf to this op1D1o.n P s O H prtJ, a ot th supr-2 counoU x .n.a.. ot a all.. 11 1 .. -a a or ocnare a ollJ and co l'd1 o olatn Pinall7 into 1r c th HobsOD1 t ( to the ooiet7 4 But 1t 1 unl1 elJ t ot o ol1711 1 t t r eo er ot the I R s ng th w P !yan lDgl out oatbal o Sh on P T 4 Cotm a the la t on, and S 1111 p tl'1cSge t1a and contlnu 1

PAGE 114

1152 TO oo olw1 ,.,..,_,..1 o a ot 8 abou th Irl .. 10D at 1 t, p R le d r, J nee \1Dl'w) 0 th d1 1n quit tibe bo pl t th 1f1 hie o round they a w him ob wa b told. toll ot hlen r1e1D beNt "the Lab w1th t Qnd on hla 1d' t 1 tt "to b 1n t 01t1

PAGE 115

1153 1 h Vol t r U b d1v1 11'1 0 1ft h1 h the beto.P att 1D J at d x 1D 1fts into B Sp11 In41 Vol.\ul x-.. betto id pUb11 t1 bad Go J oRah1117 ( tbe o -1 1\h e a B de a bllo ap nt' 1"1'1D4 111' 1a1 daa o bill u t L1 -w1 R t1ail ) ot tb1 I AP4 1ft h11 !!!liE!:!. .. ....,.iiliiiiiiilil. ddl'Ul tho d1 cuss 1D'IO I !lr"ViiiD'I:ii.1 8 14 one art te tot 1 Jane a. s

PAGE 116

0' t 11 It ov 1. 2. a s. 4. s. lnvit 4 to th al 1 t U, otM411 ahiUJ' 2 it 'rbu. or tb ro'Yial te tbe Volun 1154 1 tle 4 Ool t1 o on and t 1 call tor t h tlq to I r 2D, 19 But tbe7 r a1 a D ..._ ..... -.,.tl b7 a 1 1 to 11 h 1t e' e41t t oon t 11 t&rf Dll1tu.l"1 J but ibutoJ.II b J.X. Re .. GWJDD, oli PP 2-s PP 937, Jon e, S P 36.

PAGE 117

1 1 5 5 1a D 1 hi I

PAGE 118

1156 Gbill Volunte w h1 0 b1 Th DQbllD De V ra 0 O os I t t t and 1 to 1' t t B 4 to Ali Gtt 10

PAGE 119

1157 r, a R1 (Who w a a s 1 ted with t IP1 a sut1 2 ,_CI .. rAt1on) 4 Jbt ,k Clh114 A a r t o1a1 1 o 3 tto p t 7&oht -e4 b7 oonor Ot 6 Ch114e a r ape t1 17 11'
PAGE 120

1. e d t e 1158 1 t, and the l 11 th\ut

PAGE 121

1159 D1ft1eult1 1 the VOl'Wl r re n e4 v1t1e tmq aOllght o o14 41ttloult1ea w1 th -4. tbeB t t1 otth cr 8 1 w1th oee wM at > C o the Oo --.... ctl t tbat 2 z tlon. 1pJ t tGDU)Ol''&t-117 d14 --- t avo14 spUt tbe Vol t rs, Dl'1111ng 1d t an end ct1v1t ot tut 1111ng te

PAGE 122

v. a 9. 10. 11. 1160 ,. )!

PAGE 123

1161 pi 1 or1t1 11 2 tU bJ' s 1116. wb1 ot 1 tt at ., p al 0 ot r 0 0 e ... 0118 ap oBaMu7 0 D I 0 Colb c 0 ot 1r th UD1 te 11 b a t l' to UD 3 In a tn 1 t 1r c i.t 1. in b cU Con u 111, 1 Voll:aft 14 e:lJ' c ho

PAGE 124

l'ePld1 U d c u. s. a s 6 1162 ot %1'1 ( b lr t r1n up bl o oDutr., I

PAGE 125

t 1 d 01" tie 1t 1n 1. 2. e. 1163 ct1 n 1 a Out 1 e 11n I o a1d Un, tt.rat t1 h1 Pr e1 t 1' to o 1o ai'I!!MlllcY It l" I Vol t caplt 4e or a on ot, 1r tt r to t a o.rt ro 11 or Ir1 nt, Irl b Vol p1' .oJ 1n lo.n .. a o ot t1 0 t 1 fiJ' bb. 1-e. pt er. 1913. 1 no ....,S _. ..,. -liioiiifiiiil ......,::;,;;o;;:;;:;;;.;;;;,;;;;::;. .... .....,.;o..;r.;:;-.. PP 6 J 2oa. e. Jon

PAGE 126

t not Ib81 t 1 1 b b1 1. t 1164 J r b 1t 1o 1 it 1e p 1 1Dt ot ot a

PAGE 127

t 101 t t 1 he At ,. a lOe 11 12. 18 Gl1165 t ltha 41 al. J 1 c pt rt l 0 1 P 149 "'t ex h1 t I de t

PAGE 128

<*tale ,.. b Ro a 1 1 1166 1 volt... In4 e or ott t B .publlo 1n leaa ct1v1t1 a ot tbe e a ......... ;-.-... up CCilaearu.c Vollmt oe t lt 1D er I.tt4t1and e OOViemmezn; lln 0 tllftii!UMhiM r 1 41'1U th ., Clla1 Att ---oDutt7 t ttaUou u to gtv eon-out thetr J t a o ap11t d S..edl U1 o .cmt1m1e4 o PP 7. o. 6J 19'1 t

PAGE 129

1167 a cmdlt , ept a tl d tr tt on 1a abl to Bob OD; B oD ova Boe t u. bu 1t _. eated t;o the pu.bllo a o aa t ot lt 'be da t rell PS.s ooount ot s Sn b1 r t1v "the Volun trol ot Dubl!D tO'I' the t\uleral l a o onap1 OQ8 at the oern!Uta 4 ...... ta11at bad teer. t ohlete a tt t1 D a ot b1 .eub-'- But OQI ot all a or P H P lte hbl a le 1D hla al llb ate eloqu a b1a p Gb 4 I MBIUUI& cu.a_..-.. PP 3+-

PAGE 130

papaaa 1lh1 d aerv a ona1 rat! 1168 1 Perhape t oat Sapre a1v ot 1n two e41 1on d c heal' lWD teDders or thla tbtnk the other Q.ll Ireland be at ce. R tuneral obaeG".... It waa w.a17 s all u 0.11 Arthur Or1tt1 1 COD tan I k1 v1 c our aDd Br1 oB1 w. ID .dd1t1on to tbeae. s-..-.. tr1but 4 to oon e41ts.on, wh1 ditt oh1 tl.7 1ll t 1t t Sne4 1tt gr phs. OtSul11 ot the lou. vo1 lr1 1 era 1D Perl! at. tirat

PAGE 131

lat r quo t ... 1 1169 t 1 tull a u1w 8 &14 phl t d WI iJl 1 he 4 o ...... ....-.-..r etlU b lD& a 41et }NI'pota lt 7 b.. t at \b1 aoe J.D 1h e't'ival ot t Iz-1ab J.allgu& bla t

PAGE 132

t t1ora ot Bl 1 a 3 s 1170 d r be not Xr1 -1c '.li ............. t.n 1o ' d

PAGE 133

1 ............. ao, 1 1 Vol1m er aDd t 1p d to or t pl1t 1D 1914. 0 the 1171 t .. tt1cm ot Bl 1n811 1n Dubllll .. --.. .. -14 ot th Il'llh b t Irl t; .b1e app ed to be tal t o t ctt. 'lfhlo U bJ tb1e th 1t not a n b tw ot WiUb 41c ed1n b)" Eobl .-..A;tv1ll, t l B t tl

PAGE 134

1172 publ1cl7 td titled 1 n w ld.U not a1v 1 14 1n 0 1Im erate, o.r x c1telll4mc, he .. AD4 oooaalon s -...;liiil&lioiiioJilia... hla a t1 4 c ormol17 prcw-t*tld llke p at wet b k t ac et. U wl Or had a aoo1 ' Ald.rmlall 117 anct 3 Sa 1804 and t eot1011 he t n* 6 Arth11r or1ttl abould tak n t 11J. A ol'dt b d about Ol'1n1th., and Al481'111!YU!I fl' Jte117. alth net r or ocaup1e4 poa1t1oa an.r portanc 1n th Ir1 Volu ra. Arthur Gl'Uti bad bad a 41 tor ot a np. 6 paper 17 !WI ad t ot L1 eral OOWII'Illllat ., t., P 198. P 854. 585. p 643. 1 h1a 41t.r 1 t1 ou.tbr k ot 1n 1 Mll7 t 01-lttt th t

PAGE 135

1173 PollowlJla the ot th labOl' OftiR nt, whioh had touu tba t tbere a lea on&lraee uppi'U 1011 tor 1 ta U 1 were 4 el.avw.w.v..-v than 1n Dublin, 1n OI'Utlth ftt per1od1 ot it oont1ml d unt11 be uo a An e41 tor1al ( 1 th e4 ot 191& tbe Bast r R1e1rag.

PAGE 136

1174 ttri Gl'ttft. h11 ho 8t111 '1 1 1 2 a 6 e 7. s l:t au 1a Uti ,. 19 1 bl1 1o41 ook the S.t 4 D1 to..- e41 b7 P.J L1 ttl t le A.l.cter- a 1det1a1 I\

PAGE 137

1175 antl Ald llJ d 1t tuob t t-1 1ng ot Dublin Oo bJ Irllh T 7b b 11 I 1n ur t1 Eo1n o lll atUl o pp o ed t . t 1 "J 6 ot a 1e to bell v 0 u 4111 87 ot p II 1' de4 .. 11 n t stza!b ter. u tOP. ,.. o elll cUd a to 0 t .., t tlo1 t

PAGE 138

1176 totU t h1p..l or t d 117 11 111 t 'a 00 a and 1t1 1z t o ( ) & 1 r t wlth tr1 to be O t ft Gs-1ttl A l on aid 1 0 0 d l11 0 la art 1 at t P '1. Wiii5ii.-. iiooiiliiiiliiO l!!!W.U.Sl P 2'70

PAGE 139

1177 zt t. 1'h18 1 p 1 1 17 l not onl.7 b db a l. 4 r t SiM P 1n but t w1th a t1D 0 2 l' .I.IUIIIIN"t J' 8 1\UIIDeld t of' the 1 t t1on u tollowaa b t t r1atns 1n 191 n1an attal In a4d1t1 to nt of' th I h1 b7 J s L Le R ol4 ., t ot

PAGE 140

1178 84th t p. 0 1 0 t a _ot e4 Iriah 4eo1d t t1on. t tt ,. 0 v11 t 'I po to f. Oe ... v tlwl t 1 b oe In r 1 Ros 0 t o1 14& .. t ell l Gor th, 1 os 11 lCIJ I 1 r al t P l

PAGE 141

1179 c 1nd1e 17 or c 1 io 0 Row v r t t aru! 7 or 80l'J' an4 D4 at_ t Jb aid About w ot t h e C .lt1 t ot the r1e1 11 1dn .,. or e 41 a lonah 1 11lol: O.t t I tb7ao G th1 ........ at 1 to Ol v. It ., to con v1pt1 M ba a dJ'b hl t Con t n

PAGE 142

that t 1180 n. l tlll'illill.fta IO.LI.IIo.aa r 4 tri 4 or t.r lD t COD o ry .,trSJ t I

PAGE 143

oea ., 1a t lOD cl ho.. r-Xn ota the he po1ntecl o.at pa,. it 1 lab ln8 t t 1 tter I:t tht. 1181 t " aaa12 J ana 3 Koore aha thla op 1 Ylou.e to aee to o t w.s. Y: ta 4 the aa...n ot Irlah onal e ot th tact

PAGE 144

lu H )..{fi_ n J . 1'..... \ J'V"e. IT::.-...... l \ c THE JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY IDIT OP WllJTINO, il AND DllAMA BALTIMORE IS, MARYLAND

PAGE 145

1182 0 rcllP-IIII&lllOe b7 lll to or ... 11 n

PAGE 146

0 .,. e. e 1183 I a ae p 210.211

PAGE 147

1184 1 0 lt1 b 41 J t t t d1 Iaa1 01t1 1ah Volu 411 1e in t 11 Le oe at b ault t 0 oon ot Zt-1 1ll no b t ,w b7 11.7 p d1 op o 1 01 .t t 41 0 t Ir1 t 114 bu r 1 br 0 t1 not1o Ler b7 O'C t b an ob

PAGE 148

1185 1 eftflmat:oati aoolall t l 1 A 1n t t aible t' dia I a , 1, 1a 0 t. I' JC 1 c the 0 m, o 11 8 op ,. ., R1 (a ),. ld.ne

PAGE 149

1186 t hi a t Rob 11 r I t ., r. a p1o-OD 0 rlll l t c t. JlacDon t oh 0 plot 17 tt 11 11 t to th pub-

PAGE 150

ll87 11 .. 0 .,, 1a

PAGE 151

1188

PAGE 152

In e7 t'ml ... -Irl liter or 1na t tv.rl t t t b 00 l4e ed l a 1 1 ln 1 or rrlat1o Pfm1 1 1 0 ri c an o.r Brit n r 0 1 tnt on 11 aa IPe1 d

PAGE 153

USJO t o d b oll to l 'rr1 rl m r1t a re d ons the Irl the ot oou.ntf"7 to lq the tiona tor vol 18 Irlah-Whiah al'1ou. .rl r p rto41 I audl DO .. 1n l 9 1 r1o t 1n IP lan4. nt nthu 1 ton 1n 1 dVOO t volutton t Il'l d c1 ita r1t 4fhe 1 ant1c1 te B. Y ta b7 theIr tbla t r ... a ato t 1"1 eb Darla, --...ae-1,0 a..,.a 1 t Ir1. and (t l lr1 ton 1 l:l.1l'l t 0 at etc t he ot 11 r to tr1n1t'J oonn ti y t ) Lad)' or W1ll1 ct Ul1 J o on 8o\U' J d ttch l

PAGE 154

Ir1 R 17 own J o .-.UI.I'lr:l.:l em o1" t t by 1 N York 1n 18&9 ot 1 th11'4 at1 u a t p n 1 bJ r 191 1 r d 1v 0 hloh 1 Irih St t 0 the t1 t tl"'JD all ta ot the u 1t s t 18 to 1870 t r 188&5 th OD 1 to ttao it strength tozt n Uo1pa.t d r o utio t toe e 4 d our d the df ot Ir hie 01:"7 tiq tt tt te to a l the lit prcw tut11 but d tan result 1n the t to pl o S&ni o or ct t X. Bl'othadloo tors l wh1 th ot llt t!.r 1t t ot eel tic ren 1 "" to c lat tt te tor 1 .. s...., t oont 1ott th1n t h

PAGE 155

ian 4 The t 18'10 round Yo 4111 Ir1 b7 oY r tit-c11 t tb and th1 t1 t h 4rtot th t1 ut on ltlo anti-1tJ I t poa of 0 u th 1t1 t a ot t'll-at c Cl1n pr tt&. o em d. notre t or ttlv to oo t the 7 .to.tt abU 1v1ll y t e

PAGE 156

J 0 ot b u S.t ) Cl o r b7 1 r oua 11hlft8 .tol 1 ( t o c i to t

PAGE 157

ll94 '!'he W4 1878 a __;_ Tb Ilabo too sl t1on ror t'Ol'lll in own or t land 1D w r Th oon 7 d P trio Pord. In '18 1 el v. itt. 1an con not Juat b 7ear and tor the a e po propoa a De t\U'e wb1 tb.oae Irl who w a l at1 jolned th Jobn fiJ aM tb let unite the n1 ne 1t to l'ed aa Ir1ah 1eYIUUI.88 tbr al a alon. ot onlJ Pord1 but al o John Bo7le o etllJ d hie Boato tbe at1o and the n1ane c ell to a ol'll:1ng a.mr-e4!m'Jl!!lftt. !'be orsanlaat1on ot t i1f tu.r c u. d t LPtS Le le t P ell e tta fll'at p 14 t. liiiii.U& tel7 tt r bia el t1 to th pre ide 07 11 1a1ted States rica to ooUe t one7 tor a uel ted bJ the 01 tlw nit nd t rted a L 4 Le e d. co to be rDJKIIILit"UIU n Ilea lloe ot h 1t th taot t a lo d b7 3 o 1117 and hie conee tlve Pord ot onl7 lped v1tt Pic a lao o er tot h tl t bJt0\1ght D v1t 4 DI'J' Geo.r e tt "1" t o Ir Davltt. a,oll bor.ted With the 1a at rt t!w tlon pla,-ed lfJMD. d a cd P 11 John oIA rr c.1 -r. P. O'Connor to Land ---- ot Ireland. '1'h1allatter o aniza 1n Irl h h1 tOPJ loh 1t -

PAGE 158

ll bera
PAGE 159

UN oaapalp weN attei&P' to aeaaealnate Roeea aa4 loq jall ..., ' tor ao. .. atrfl" dJ...S.te auapeo Aa 1Dd1Met N ault that after the epllt la h1e part,-la 1890 Pai'Mll, ptteatcteot ot the Poll toal btaoae Aaetr eeoolat:1oa, ct.Yo\11 ooaaltt.Pable "ntloa to t ne act'' tea tor the re1 ot theae Pealaa ooaYl$' Aad altlloulh Jeba O'Lea.rJ "' lat the d7aall1t&Pda1 lt le that h1 411elple, w.a. Yate, helped Pantell lA tbla won. Gollt.-.poMPJ w1 tb. tbtt 4)'MII1te oq l -tben n.a a wolr 1D IPleh thoupt a elleat Nolutlo , wb10b Oaou tlo' Mther baa attributed to IP1akAea.a Wl lt pr1saP11J the woPk ot jour 1ieta and wrlt la lNlaad thla " Nolutloa" helped bf a tew exoe,ttoul R..._ Oath llo eoeleelaatloa, .A.Nbblth p ... 1 Vllolr J. Oanoa loutce all4 Jatheft Kattbew , .J. Patbe RuaH11, aa editor ot D! l&Q wa&a1 pant llr alde4 the luttoa bJ publlahlac o trt-tloae tr o. J. &1aJdlaa1 W B. -1JU 1 .... Ka'nUp1 Doqlat I;Jde, &11 oLea,.,., su a ... 1 Per aoll, Oeoas-Wt14e "' De, .... two Xl"lehAMrioaa Rotaan Oathollo autho- wbo helped. t nYo1utloa, RobeJtt Dw'pl' lo-, aacl Joba Borl ottelllJ, n bowa Peataa aJ'81)atht.aen. IOJO 1 J:toae fl!ldN ap,.aNCl la 18'1'1 ud. aired. by Yeat, ntlolpate4 8t&Dd1.Jl J o 'Grad.7 la th uae ot th1e tlMae J o RUlf, ot OOUI'M, b ... ed.ltor ot the Boe oa ! l:Pllb-I' leaa & 11 0ath11o ,.rlo41U1 Wb1 he 11'184 the atlellt Pe.Olut loa0 weN tb.e Boatoa fllg aRtt J!oeh'.!

PAGE 160

119'7 =-:u.11111a t.lpe4 vlve \he Ir1 o elll IGta..U. a oaeUo 1 Ill OGIIDI.at1oa with -S. Ia-1 Aller1o 1n t 1n the tr1ah lt wu pointed out the lpat the oae11 Patrl POJidfa en Ui!!illtA lD 1881 4 Dub liD wb1 b--publJ.G a .S. 1ar penodloal t pVpOe later Alao, lD 18fU tM 1 .. Y: -Oa 11 a 1et7 pert t p tli'R pla7 111 IrS..h to bar e e r1 wit tva 1r a notS. ble 1D at 1tl Il'elaru! were a z... edpa tb, ;o. a. Loon. 14 Pl'e4erto, wtllia Bfml'7 au-"" J Sab. O'ul'th Al..tHd W1111 Ourtla an4 f.;...-WUlS aN rU lwl)' SCnltl bMa tbf7 htove b la w1\h t1 pula t1 tePS.Ap the Oel.t1 .U.t ot parttealulr able to aPIU la W1lllau ;dUQ!n DNt4a tr w B. Yeata ud DcNslu a, DOWD 0 a14e lrltlh t olrol WI Att..-1891 thl IPD ot the o ltlo renalaaaraoe 111 AJHr1oa a 11111 eont *' 1D ex1aten to lGO. But 'bet' ON d1a ill y_ 1ntu .. t *141b Ir1ah authoz-a ot fiYfJF shade ot ll1d. lnlon d1aplqe4 lD Uftlted states an4 rl nottMl. Mward Dotlden ....aled aa an

PAGE 161

1198 rcm and 1 GJ 0.01' Moore, aa a tbu S..et PoeJ Jta ine TJnaa, deYOted to Hawtho.rn tcmstellow TboPuJ and B Ye ta ae t 111&1' with Whit J Petd.llon and u. to he u tl:ted the s ala hh o 1 9t. MI.WS.U;a It 'I 'I t IJ"1 S.tr alao J.nt" ed 111 IrS.ab 1 per 1od1cal.a w Yor1c ud to the p cnl ot 11 as.. ed an ot Is-eln4 Ita portaraoe r be r U.e4 the 1"aot that Oeopp Moore, J. S,.Se, AU 111111 Dousla Byd 4 o le,e ted M tt. 'fo Il'hh kill th o eUo Irlilb Lea&\le ol AmeJil U d Ireland It :DI"Clt'D&lDD Ot"pa1aat1 bJ' _pba, t B)d preaJ4 ot the Gae11o Lea 111 nearlr 1a Boln os.tn an P B p .... ,.. ala notlMd .. c1 B4aN JD o lS.. Lea cr And ..._ J. s aNI at d1ah 11 oOft47 eoS.ated wl the re'llftl.e UIUA 41 a et ae -. h lntveet Ia the Irlah r..tterur tbeatM and Mah *ho" ae lt 14 ta o aM!ttonal l1gbt oore Yeate alllo u ... ea1 1 _. d trated .,....,....r.F the le thbd ot the._,_ .. _, 1 pqb11 S...-cl w B d 4Jtew to

PAGE 162

lltg A. P. G Yea, ora Hopper, Aubr De Ve e, st hen 011J.rm1 Eva Oore-Booth1 Xatb&l'ine TJD&n1 f. Ot e1U RuaeeU, P W. J07oe, P.J. o0a11, 811' Ol'larlu GaY' &han P. Ballo k, Jane Barlow, l'bna o ua end OaD SbMbaD. li\ oanoen1 tar .110 and m.,-b in 1 ta tOI' tblt 1 oe 1.1, ftrl P1 6luba ( e.xMU 111 1916) 1 tban1e1 Bone, Ruaeell, J Butler l'eate Jaok Ye ts. 1De al publ1o1ae4 tb8 &ot1vlt1 a Il'1ah Acl'1cmltu&-a1 a.. 1 t1011 oo1ety 4 \he GUll .ltblet1o Aaaoo1at10D And it 1D41 ted a oon en t Aaou 1rl lMlud d b1ato1-7 ot tha pbp1 al fOP IDO tmt e rtbe1 aa, ln.Utt ....... -........... to 1atl1 t> 81U'IIf.ed t ltl tatlu to J)Uit1v-.. ..... ,__. t to the Olan-1 DuPing the pV1od t 18 t 1916 thea Uh atten or I .B. Cl -a---.---1 be-18'101 lt a be a t oa; ln tM Bl'O the dea b ot :, oMalalJ ln 18?"1. M tba t tS. 1 1al" pl.J tbe actl Y1 td..ea ot J t1'11 t ted t.easae aD4 d,rr.&ld. -c a 1' srad 117 b.oaae powrhl tban tl 8110 bo.od. Ill a oe e4 1n 1 t, .tollowtnal tiM ot one ot 1 ta 1eadera, 11b1Gll not healed un\11 1goo. In liOe roun414 through the Joi.Dt .norte t 4 a Nled Jllald.te o
PAGE 163

00 p 100& v a r 1 -

PAGE 164

01 !be 5.!!!!151! weU Irelud 111 X ata laY! 11 tb Uu In 1801 ot Ir:1@\ -,..wbl ..... tt -a e1. t n ornolal ors thel ., De t Ltke- atatr ot b ta 1 t u t .... y ..... Jtrtt L 0 bl tJ' '1 t tao t Ol a141 both 1 la. Btcre the tb of b lil' I eot P 1an1 *04 the Celt1

PAGE 165

1n o l .1202 v c11Dtb pnon or: 1aD aot1rlt7 at1on aNI hen l J otLG&Py m ggammt ot. rr' ttt .. :tJ1 b use or imliiiWIMEl be 41a 1nd1ct d Gorme arP1 1n ot a Part b ot Young le'J" mo Wh1 .etmu.! z. ot Mt allat at 1816 he had .. aile! 1D' with 'E t 1n Ir1 vol.ut1cn 1 Ou.JIUP"8t1 that JD t1Ht invited to Y1a1t -Oarme 1le 1n

PAGE 166

ParS. a, but although M ata,-.4 at the Hotel COl'Dl1le and b .. olD laate with a Pei&n &tJnaaltal'd who waa laterto appeu a obaraaMit 1ft umu, he tailed to cto eo. Howe er he 414 t &tepben MaoX.a aDtl 1. SJns I llaoS.1cle tuft\e4 up 1D Pal'la atter tlatlt1rl& apbat tbe Bngl1m iD the ao.r wu. Be ..... 1o d 1ft the Pre& capital b7 Al'thu..P Orlttl st-pb Or1ft1th, st Ooane lbt u. two nt *leta. Jdm O'LfJU7 and Matt ftJUl !he tadalrat!Oia Wh1oh Lad7 Grepl'J' aru1 1. K. S JDCe telt MacBride la wt .,_ aore ,._.rkable la tme taot that Xau4 Germe NJ .a w. B. Yea ta al'l'7 hill. Ill aptt o1 thia rebutr, Yeata, too, a..-.aaed a after V the 1&\ t a exeoutlon la 1916. -.n. betw Pera1an1 aad the O.lt1o ..aa1a anoe 1D ONat Bl-1ta1D !laa two Nlat1Yel.J 1Jl4epenc\et aapeota. !he ftltat baa to do w1 tb tht renlta lntuaotlon UJ)Cil Ir1ab extl 1D Great Bnta11l ara4 thua 1bd1r t17 U.POft Irlllh oult-.J aDd the ocmd lnvolyea the reaulta which Bn&].18h pol1td. had UJCIIl Irlah oultuN both 1D INlAID4 aad 1D o .. t Bl'ltalft. TM tS.rat wu a pMia DGD 11b1oh aroae aa a eault ot the aratlOD o1 Ir1emaea to G t Br1ta1D. A oona1derat1oa ot it 7 be to ... C1D P. B. OfDclmeU, the 1tat1GD tba .-.t7 OJt tile oonvioted Peniu 4Jnallt.u4a, the aot1Y1t1 ther 1n oom t1 wS.tb. tba '98 oentenar7 an4 oerta1D ttere wb1oh

PAGE 167

s.-tc..at I'd. oDOnn 1, p aa1b17 a trait J ertdDl7 he tl'1e4 to 41 1t W 'I u.! tbl Ir1a!l LlteN.r7 '!beatN b7 ul1lr n
PAGE 168

I.OJICIGI!l both ltt eHhtp a a je to 111 a te t 0'-.ap lt wblc n14 be Ms' t;o th 1 b11o. fb Prdan S..oa ot tbll 1 h:r eMltt)t M .. t ' oU Ltou1 Plr lPJ.S li .., 01 1 be t t tu' t 1 Ill the X.lb to 1 L1 ,_,. t'J t 1 whl .,.. IUp l>J J OILe 'I s and11h ' oo. J t "" alo jol '' ... u aaat.aa 1 lll 1 t b C lei Duttr tM .. ot 0 bo a. wb.leh 'b Irish \be n/Ll Cl t wt tM a D1i 1 t.t lea u tM bleb Llb t I 8 h ot ttle e S.tlea e l 4 Ia ala e e t at r r tM ot tt. ...... h b t r DO t t Wf 8 YM't tb1tt d &ftJ t'r t ....... slpl r l 1 bMau 1 adalt tn-Mo X.l1. h S...11n'-41l.atsl " ala a tl'aotd. bf 11 U7 .ate, lo ll:r the 11t ur t the t 01 A ilPil-t:ewu4 111 aottta 1 01' .... ll lltttJ" at a &P ed ta GHat Brltab ., tt c loa ... lrl 188 01oar WU. wae

PAGE 169

1206 1nhl-ated 1n the experiJaeslts w. a. Ye ta, JOhn Todlnmter, Bdwa1-d Mart,.n, Oeors Moo and oeorp s.nard m.w. 5uba quent17, Yeata, Mar'JD and loore, w:lth the a14 ot z..\7 G sor7 aad Ploren , a a11allar enter lae 1a Il'eland. And atlll 1 P a .. o 1a,bwc-.n, A B. F. Born1Mn, aub al41s4M! J.bbeJ Theatn. The RhJMN' Ol attl' oted B. Yeata, J and '1. W Rollaton a d the pa.rUou-lal' elpUlo b Oeors .BOJIB&I'Ct w onoe ct orfb th4t OelUo rea1aauoe u a qu SD\ little fdf oot ot a 11-to ha'fe b"n Y e tat atr1n1tJ tor WS.ll1 W1USua orrla attraot.cl Yeata and Shaw b7 h1a N41oal v1en. P\U't:hel'llore, at Xlllaoo t Bowae tM7 ll18ht et H)'ndman, Prlftoe X.Opotlrlzl, Ball14&7 Sparlf.ft and othe llaniata or anaroh1ata. L1 ewlae)eftn betoN llorrla' d th n1an pa-/ thiaera, auch u ebael D vltt, were dna to the labol' o.- '' aDd attar 1896 J and J a Lal4r1D to b bl 4ebtet! to lt !be ol the lntVNlatlon betWMft 1an1a an4 th Celtle Hnala 1D 0 t -ltaia lnol the reaul.ta wh1oh Bnallah poUtt .. ba4 J)OD IP1ah ult both b or t Britain a n4 XNlaDI!l It .. ,. eona1deM4 aa a t tare ot tbe s.ftterrelatlon nlanl u4 the Oeltle Hftaiaaan 1D Ireland, aln 1t one ot tb ot t.atlo pa-obl Whioh oonhton 4 In at h and abroad aa a ault ot the act 1d1e b7 the Unl ted f.Ds6 ore t ar 1tab anct Irlan4 a ted.

PAGE 170

Atter the ot wh1 .tab11ehed the Usll ted Jt1ns4 ot a.. t; Ba-lkh 4 Ireland 1ft 1800, the queatlOD 1IIMher Ub1on1 01' at1 110\llt! 'ben Xrleb 1Dt.,..eta the tboll&bt or tr1 tM an 'o tbia Yb not 'o 4ec14e4 4 1 the perl undr oona; rat the pree t tlleae DtNlSloto.rr pbiloaopbiea _,. a a a warp woot upcm 1 to paint p1o a ot t 'l'bzt.. oh pl a the .tlae ot lanl, 1800 to 1870 J the e:ra or 18'10 to 18G1J and Vbloa1 and t.he Oeltlo renaiaaan l8G2 to 1Gl6. top pa age ot A t ot UM.Oil wer-e lulYel.J the p \1.. olaeaee lD ,. t toll th tn-nl 17 the a t lJJal lata In S.. adw q or VJttotd beJ at Cbl_.ll ot Irele.D41 wh1oh b7 teftUI era 7 theae wr1 tera -.-. 171 and Jla el LoYer and marl 1 ate at d Irlab ftltUH u lnt tor o lft&UMJ ud t1 aet "P an eatlonal. IIJt ,/ wh1 ext1Ppate the Ia-1ab and to aah "V7 Irlah .. th tbat OJI ....... haPPJ lab 1lc1." 'lbe bot-.rlble t..s.n th 'fo.rtl .. al the

PAGE 171

1206 pri.U the th t _. aoq;:at to ap cnt 'b7 poll 1 tatalo and 'l'J:d p1})e4 ...... p011 t 1.17 bJ!''UIUIAUIIoU th I o lea Gavan wUN" ot a .:1. ellat. X aoJ 1D t ll o u 1 tratl ab to ,..,. t1 lpal Xr1ab lltl tat t4 t werea the Ir t1 # -UVY 0 f.)Qft'7 lt o Irelan , ot1 a11J nu Y\ltftnA .. \7 01' ,.,_._a,._ f Sa _,!I ... Ir1ah atltua-e ln a r 1e 1a. 1 .. a4Y atee Aaaoela GD Daniel o Colmell, abutl Pr :ta or l taro

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1209 t v- J. P1n 3 otr.e..,.. 11'1 ltere 0 at.o t 1. t otlft WN' II 01 DaYl 4 Wala"-J 1., o. Wll4. Ala {./"' ) 1 t - b 11'1 and Celtla l 7 to MW h1t \U s.e 1 fJI tbla P of p att ot ......, .. ...,_ t th UDlt a 1tab an4 I tlu-h th .. ot P,.1eal t ., .. not w1 into 1n 1088. u.,., t 1e t ina tor woul 1t wont. or. 1 teet a 1 1D popular t

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1210 J o. J. E1aJUau, an o fl17 8 __,,..,. a 4ct ot aan w re Jo)m o Lea u4 o t ovan c. a Oe1t1o r 1n lat o 'r7 ve o In lt p C. olio l .. 8 J 4 0 ftUII thr Irl Irlah blat b1 t 11,...4.... an 18 0 the enlarla 1n Ire 1D w.. .... iiV ortS. 1al 'tfh1 41tor anti o t o an Ro bu .1D heR to p to I' dftlo 47 or or,. 1ft &441 t1 J O'LMI.7 7 Pam. 1, eteo ( >. r 1t N et t 1 18 o ret t 'tattJlnolud o 1!7, J .-c;wgo 8 t bt 1a t re oe4 bJ" Ir1ah 1'1 e, ln l8 rt Uo1 ted ria-the Olrtl I waa plete tail tor ot the r all r1 1t-'. at t too

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12U la to be ot 8er#1oe. lwe el tbe 1Dte lt7 or Dle1 4 N tt t qpOb PriM s.nu t G one than tta. a peu t pollo7 b7 II" S.h -...-., ... S..ta u the IJtlah people. To nl 1 1w a D lat1 tll1 about the d18 \abl1a ot t ot Irelandt d S.t ale 1 aoribed hla u aoanata u J o r7 otl>alovu oe ne 1n The .. 1 a popular lD c tholS.c oJ..ttolea 4 .. ,. '' Ir1ah Unt a Aub W ell w:tth 4 d btd ,.. the 'fbuab718"10 two I.rlah 01 t preY1ou.4J 11 4 at1 Tlol.I.UV.I.._!Jl.. .. .... ot Irelazu! dJlOY a1 a lODe _.., .... latt the aa11100at .. t1 tbr aan v ar_,. 1ft I at by ele t1 f1ll o Roe to Par t 1ll 186G 'llhlle he wu e1sS.11 oaro t 1n Bns A tunlwz-bollct waa o U or t1011 ar the moral auas1on 1ata 1D thl

PAGE 175

1212 auppar tbla Ill au1 ra Ita ed1 to B1 ad b 1Jipat1 4 aa a Penlu 1t1 apeot u4 usoas t-eon 1butora to lt ._.., T. P. ot nor Reb e.rt nw,er d otDollo R ... Roeea D OOJ'Ha -ti'GI 18'11 18?611 1' .q be llfted b .tb!a pact_, he tM ru-n Ira matto .. lJ attaobd Juea Aath
PAGE 176

l21Z auoh well knoWn edYooatN or to e u O'Donovan Boaaa aD! J. Dal7. publ1ol7 NPQ4 ted .--and 1n lBTT t1oa r o at Brit 1D 1D api ot ta. .tact 8 Pa.meU 1D-.. s.n e onl auaalardata lR\t loJa1 7 ot phr'aloal el ' ex--.ple the Il'i Wa U Ll ud the Seen ...,. to IMlaD4 lD Pboe!x 'Puk Sn 1882 aJAI -'- And a1th0Qih Pal'Dell NpUd.t.aMd the .S. 1 t 4.-4 wh1 P a\Ut h.S ap aed t taM 1dll Bownl" OHar .U aa4 w. B. Yeata e lltlallletaJ &M II u iav .s P1ta!larrla _. rnna- na t Yl lcme .rather tbaa a ot aot10Jl Wb1 he 1ft\ to ton.. Llke \be IDv1Dolble 3fJ O'Lea17' t'P1 ,_.1ned loJal M Paa.U 1D tbt la,,.,... S... e Katba'llle t,.n DGQalaa H)'Ge., z. P ttaJ1! Roee Ktnru.aaJl, w. a. Y + Maud Goem In ooaneotl w:S.th or.ear,, v lt be uo tU bJ h 1p1q to Y te tun book aD! b7 laU.od 1aa .. pOe' to ud 001me tM Pblu tbl.t h.S a lntl.lMB upon th4t poet t a bMqwm O&l"Mzt X. 187 a r ault ot tl '-r1ean.....S low Pal'Dell beo p ldnt ot the Led u W1th1Jl a 7 r

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d ale 1 & t Irl Par11 , .. B1a lta s 11 -l 0 11t1 Poll 1 at7 A 1 4 I .. XII o 1 ... with 1 AD b w1 7 ou C ---u ., .. hll o t 1 _,l ( L .,. ra 11 .., lta aotl ln ""'-!Jll /

PAGE 178

Pen1 E.! ca::a=,;:-. tbe RI*MD 11,rar7 at atuet-Dmdlll b u. 1b 1 d Jd.t1 ., atta Stephen OWJDD and 1 Bo7d t"ouad tbe llestnnlqa ot the Oel tio A tM book, a[. I!l!IBI. .6iUII!I. 1Nl&D4 letJ', th period! the 1t oontrlbu ltathaltlfte Kl lael Dtttt. &Jl ot the Pan-th tber pub11 tS.eu, 1 u.d Pame11 with 1 aulD4 ed, to ue le tor Jars l&t' .SA 1 t &tt11n.tu1N1 tM 1BSe. In th1a er iVS.Yal or Irieh elo, l.ansU buel.De a eDt prt lira UP: The p oont aJt7 X. .lllh !late ot baa bMD ne and dtber ... tl l *7*'' a1 1t1o .;jjli.oiil;;;:;,:;ii; ale o l'leot the tJDJ.'ed S1Mltea, the 1n Ireland tr11b. letter a. .;:;w:w;;:,Q took SD lltiltl 1 ttler 1 t10ba the Oeltio r nataa Y t 1D this nod1cal there 1 1nd1aP'&table v14eno er the oone1derable bat re t wh1oh pr 1Dent X.1& wrltere

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1216 had 1a earlier Irla author a a Y ta to 111'1te about Robert Dw,..r .107 .. a.auel Paua n J. o. Ka.-nJ J. F. 'rl\71_.. Oft Th-.a Jla'fieJ Blle oLea.rr, abou' c.J. Ja.o---1 Jtatba1'1Jle abov.t MJ De V ' Roll'- em Joeeph lb8tiden LePamt .-CbaJtl .. Wolte .U.O theN were to lHt a.ppJteo1aUona (d Jolut Berl oae1117 oabaupeeq IUI4 J Keepn c .,. then ot o ecmvilnt the ilapol'taDee ot thl atp lta'YU& who bMa ..u. to 1D 188'7, stucU J. oo aq, c:teae 81 DcN&lu I' 11 not 111 tbMtt al.tp'l1t1o&JlM that ao .. laYM&Sb, un n.ue. and PeJ'pOSL, be'tt DOWD b tb.e Uhlt .. Statee Ia Jlnalan4, OODd\Ult 4 Irlab P1NaSde Olube a -"sulu teatv tbe paper, ... bol'rowil\a tM a "UJaole " n-. Joel tOll! th pu.rpoae. Punell' tall wae au44e 8D4 It a))wt 1n 1890 toUwiDg a \ 1D bla par1l7 11b1oh baa been attJt1butecS 1:o tbt aoandal ot tu os,_. d1Y oaee 1D Whtah be waa DtiiiWU aa ocn1JOndent. Oa1J' the Pen1.,. atood bJ the taUe Ir1m ;...-oh1et. 'I'M ant1-P&l'llell1te t ... prevlllecl .,...,._.,.. exo pt 1D Dublla. At Oeatlee fttl' e.-ple, to tb.e ebts hOI't' l a J.,..., opponent ,_... 11ale 1D Pas ell' e .,.. At that t1M au tboa-ot ilJIIU a be,. a he uCib a pallpblet)now lo.,,J.n 'llb1eb, 1' u14 ._,he held,_.. Beal7 partl7 reapiDS.ble tM oa'bas Aad lat Jo,oe mporated a l1vel7 qurl'el 'betwn a Paftl4t1llte and a nppofter ot Dav1" ln A J!IE'E&1t ._ tat fDilat .Y 1. laM !Ia Bftn 1rl JU)liD the antlPaftJelUtea lta4 cona1d rabl

PAGE 180

l.217 tbe P-..:-.... 117 o e P OtQA ODJ:Ioaae 0 Bl'l t .. d o 1 weH t}W ott'1-

PAGE 181

o1al 1218 or the PaMlell MA- "--'rt'.:d!e ot oon. t t1oa 1 apon t t al.Uan ant 1 ol leadv p ot th 14 ,..,,"-Mol tl ,ooo ll'UQII'III --- . InY0111Ult i & 1D t 41aawLea!'U.l :n'!IY'IIlA. .. vt. a1t prlb'bl et a tar 4 : t b7 the Lon4 ..... P eU aa4 tJ VOl a b7 UllloaS. enneo t.ion u 4Ln7 t the tll71\1.0ft ot ... d eel lt, 0 Du.rlq t!le era t Pa1'DIIll, V 0111 a 1118 bl u a 11&1 ot 11h1 plYil ol.a 1lh1 em t.ta ... 11'1 Ll &1 ear: b tbl "UlllOJl ot Be , a ne.w aDd h srftP we to exp leno tbl adv .r ot t.Jn1on L1ber.l S.. >.. 1 11 4 no oa17 a tr t Ola4tone v rM1 .........

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1219 ' a. B 'Tt Dtavl t, L ' r. Gt.U. ro ita o Wa t .. p .U.lad ... tl 1 -B -n Ida "*"". p l.t1.b .. 1. Ill ..... ,. o. 011 O 41"f rau4 lilt ................ oaDMit aM aa.iMIU ... t=o IJI..c!ISat .. 1a

PAGE 183

1Da pe1'1od rr. 18i2 to 1916 D ot UJ11on pro-1.n1'lue:aoed 11'1ah llt InctMd 1t 1a even J)OiaDle to apealr 1u Ubioala n L1b61'&1 Ua1CII'i1 UJJJ.S. 1891 to 1901 llt.ai'1D 1898 t 190 tlw 11M Oon-..... ts. PU'tJ' appeue 1au a t 111 li' In the ttrt .tour \1Dd tlca W.a Jl poll J 1a c:baOUMd b7 hot t the a Ow -.... 11h1 b7 valnl)- taa to paaa a B Rule Ul, -ect 1a 1DI tbe 1 ot ... u1 OJl17 lolm R oad and the ot:Mr PamlU 1lel retu.ae4 11 o to alltn with tt:. Llb ala. 'l"b11 aacmn, t a oont1mud P t7 1c, Jal'nell t bNtb -to theil' ana e4 oppoa noal 41otat1 1n ))011t1 Bow- 1Jt1a!l lallgu t1w7 414 Uttle to Mlp t HVJ.vtal Ill t pee' thl i-ParnelUMe a1 tanoe !tt&B!I. .t.IIIID!IIIa." p611abl41 Pa to tbe Cel t1o 1'na1 oo..o.., 11'11h and t. B at Ill Hf\te 'I ok !de bl in-'1M co ni.c!et ..-n 1 aai'GIItd 11bo t.. l the p m. x. _., a lMI1 Sir' Beraoe Pl tlon Bool. ..,. t polioJ beoaiM 1a Thr. Ia-1 llllioa1 te rar11HM1 !rl OOJJD !.ora wlth 1tt U.llaw' (th .. t) aDd. e4 xrt or 1-t attr o 7 tM Plld.u pl e41 te4 the Dubl!Jl

PAGE 184

1221 u eonboUed l>7 s:J.r Ho.N. wr1 ap ...,. RoU t o tt. And 1n tt appe n. w B "t t, J P1:ll8I'!!!IIO.J!'fl. the aliliiCIU IIRUI!III'H11-1n and Ge Moore. t1w Irlah L1t ., Thea ablJ' tbr dlnn r ah at e4 b'f the tore ins ocmtribu u U O'I.eal7, B4w81'Cl tJD, J P. Ta7101' Doua1 a H ad stan41. J o orad,.. a tt. .,.. t lou tJI the Depa t ot loult:u.N .nc! ID atl'U 1 b7 o 1ve GoYemaet. or th11 new t1J a pu t1all7 euba1cU.a t o ltio !aaeoe. '11 1D ep1te th1 tiOhie. et 1D 1900 Re d quit the tl to b 4 ot a l'nn1ted Ir1ah P 4 ntaJ-7 Par\7 4 Irtah loader ,of the U'Jdon Heart --nt ., ught to w1D Ir111h tr1 1n o r P 1,. 1nteHat 1n land rero 1fh1 KUI .. A t" w 1 an xpr al ot 1 ta et1.ulat tl pn or PadR!o oo Oecr Aadn the u-eatlcm ot d-.nd tor a.. Rule t-,n and o Gr !bet w and 1Dd1.reot lJ, J a. S JD J .olla to app4Hl Irl by LA47 Cll''7 w B Yt ta, oore to tbe 7 tol' the Abb.., Al th4Jf cannot aecuratel 7 be deaor1b u P n1u md.on eftn the polloi ot O
PAGE 185

w. '! ate, lett t 'flo or1a to llU li.D lu 1100 .. t1.-ee t Irlab dlacontePt abou t B4wa Cat'ao Sta d1 b J. 01 r-a4J1 Bdw I'd JlaJttJn a 1abop tr d that he wellnl ult the U 1oa1eta Ja al10 c.Ualnn t ud the u.u tlall7 :Pes lble t a kent t e do n : t 1 all or 1 trl.e ad. !'e Liberal V 1 l.a, 1 06 t 1918 toolr ttl whlol:l n. IOI't of t I 1a pro-.1de4 tha t la ter .._1M wtth1n the Brltlah. plre. 'lher t<>Pe1 1t 1 b e 1&14 that Liberal H Ua1on1 tr 1905 to 1 10 the tbelP B ttle Npoaa.la edaoftd lea4er ot the I:rlb halt et the -'Val ot Be.ana t" w 1 aoH 1 a1 tc ob 11 atleae ot th 11tloa dlatecl vlt "-ao'h t aDd liaa lJeta How, en OWJ1U1 110at 1te to aka &ll otlq 1ntt lJI -League. And tbJIO\'l h it h be 0 lnte4 wttllC .,, B 1 ow 111, lr !loH.oe tt,. J. B -r, All Ultea I Q ell, JadP ...

PAGE 186

Co d Sir lUger Oaa nt. Otb r e ond1te 1nd11'eot1J helped the ell L ppot-t the or a em ot a-tlo thl1 r 1t7 ot Ir lan in 11b1oh Irl to beoane a 1910 and 19lt the Lib :rala we.re t in ott1oe ot R 4' toll ra al.&Doe ot A c--.. .. --. of ot1eal polltl s. In Uleter a J)lQ'8 1 o a .on, Lord or P. into et e to t the pa a e ot a Rul b1.ll. To the de-ll t or t P nl e CaraOh!. e t U l t r Vol t r to t1gbt tme and pp led to 0e .. 7 tor lp. Ulstv t1 a o np ort B the 0 c.1t were a St Jobn Captain J R. t 1 8U Ro Cas a aell. All Stonfl!l\!IIN1t G Ulunt" wbo suppo e4 1t n t Ob:w'oh11l1 B n1n ld.l.tl'W Seawe Blun d D le. The ppcn-t 1s Irleh labor and th Irleh Volmlteera to the eur b7 the o lt a aDd ban d aepa.ra n 1de ttan. Ir1h or 1 a a rul had b n oloav to thAI en1ana thah to a of t1,ut1 1 1t t1on. Att r J e Oonnoll7' 1p tlon 111 1903, 1t 4 b 4ra1ftl towards Bngl1ah ..WI.VM b)" 1 I> nt Pr R;ran (oo.e41 01' ot with Jobn B Unton) d abe h,...s tr ton. 'rbe pp Larkin anc! the Ir1 'rrana rt

PAGE 187

1224 n4 0 ral wo leer Union h i oh he t o r tended to "o.r1 t thia moY ent. to .l'ds the Pft1ana Gnce a gain. And the retUl"n ot J es Connolly to Ireland 1n 1910 ape d d the obang In 1:913 01'117 e P n1ua d certain lilt lleetuala were tr1endl to l or 4111'1118 Dublin av1 d a Jteault th Iri C1t1atn JU-a7. a 1 bo .S.l1t1a organized uong the linea or D 1 a Volunt r had a de. 1c!e4l.J Penian up et Ccm "quently, thAt hoat111 t7 R on41te. v r t r than it w a t01rarda tbe .u.rt t a:rd Silm P in. Yet, 1t lhould be pba 1zed tba t the lriab av ent waa 1n tavol' ot H Rule. file Ir1ah Volunteers, llk the Ir1ab Citizen ArmJ', w re formed !n 1913 1n tbe l1kene a ot the Ulster Volunteers. And although th orgaxdz tion we.a l.ar elJ ttl work ot th I R .s., it 1NJ'ne4 out to be o popular tbtlt the Pe.nia.na were to boOJU a 11 t ot1on 1n 1 t Aa a P ult., ther wer W1&bl.e te prevent Sil' Roser oaa t, Bo1n acJJ 111 an oth r Volun leac!era 11bo 414 not belong to the Brotbel'Mod tr rtel41ng part1al control ot tbe oJtgan1sat1on to tbe B ODcUtea. '.l'lma it 7 be en that on tM eve ot outbreak or war 1n 1914 John R oneS ed b1 8\lpportere wer not on the best ot tezwe w1 th thoee el ate 1n Il'iah Ute which woH coiUIKml7 lmOWil a.e tbe Irela.n4 o t and 'Wh1 were ao all7 the oonat1tuent el t ot tbe Celtio r eDa1 anoe. Attel' the outbr k ot _,. the ll'lt.vr lat1on between theae two beo 1ncreaa1ngq unt'rlendl7. 'l"c.erde the Roman Catholic Obu.roh the Ir1eh Ag1'1cntl tural Organ! tion soetety and the Gaello League, the Re ODd1tea

PAGE 188

aot o .Alf boatt.l. 1 o 1 4 th nt1-war el t1 1 the C J pt'"CYO d the I:rS.ah Ap1oult 1 OP-. 11 tton Soc1 a Geel1 Leape b7 ta111 to prot:eat b SJ 1 tereata 14 arlt ... at. L1k wl 1 'b7 not t the baa a I 11 loan 11o tloa t Iris a tl7 P& ale4 181 ter t tt1t ct ot Irelaad1s exile oh11 n Pl a 'fh full r or t e 1 eln fm4 the 1 ra t 111st S. 19le. tbl'o cr eUIU\1 bey eo a t S1 la wt t n1 oalll both . .ln }., IOba Dill ud r oco leat theb to t le 4 cepttoc h1oh ult elf aa to oau e the B ot Lo t ...... iiiiiiioiiio a:n the. t t t lata tWt tund tally dl Ir1ah or 1 a r. 1t, :r hul' GrU'fi tb 1 Peill 1 a r. wu e Altt&ntl la watr tb -per h h be 41 .-e a p oM &I anot-l' r 7 be I 1 ea at. 1M I" ot ttt. alan r1a ta 1 1 l d1tf1eu t o elte b1 h ot Par11 llGWI that ate t l"J Ore nd so t& to t t !ana d be t.r tu d t who s o't d ath wM h les a to he I' he tba lp 0 ora !'.aPd b w, Alio in t.o a ide the

PAGE 189

2be Celtle l Thtt htocl o' I u hie Mt taw en1t to l1"eland t1-oa e lle. I oL&..., be0 Petalntd thll P"it1 re .... U.l ti e..-als tl D wa DlJ 1ntel'ea ot the Oelt1o Mnalasuoe 1 wbiob. he wa1 on.oaol lollr Bt 1899 otJAarJ' wee 41sooqttH. to be t1 17 la wttb th1e th! of 1111d R MJ APt Gt-1ttlt: ---..... lte ouala . t. PJ or the Xrtab reballio ot lV tbe ..-b.e ot tbe eeltio aa4 oet ot the e o lth t tlo toP t exe 3 co t pe:t'l playa a t tbe UAlt Irla a. 1a lud

PAGE 190

t1 ol.re Club a ".trmt tor b ita bor -- J and, Dl'OiDaDlJ' I It}ot Clarke ed 1tabarrla. In l8t9 Iz-2Ah Liter The tre s f' oun th J=WIEE e tabl1 lriah u. orn. D'II!.- ella eo r to be 11ah GP1g1D but 1Jttlu.tDtM b,. Ir1ah aDd r 1 -d. ot 1te t-0\U' tcnul!er Y. a a ... ., I.R.s. aDI o La4J' or uut had ta lD *98 a. 1'1&1. DuJt1Ds tba P ot lt ..... the lz.S. ,.. p D1 ppi'O 1 ., ina b7 Uiae ll1pD. I 4 1;()1. !fbi Boez. unlt-' Johft oLe .,, a C OllJ' 1 Al'tl:rur oLeQ7, Y ta, L1 el JobnaOD, d Goma, D 1&1 HJ'd 2fodel.

PAGE 191

but contr1-authar) '.l'h.clmu a Pa4ra1e Ool 411 P. B P OUftl" Oar te Ruaaell al'ld w. ta VQII:art7. t Jobn 1nton, Y a a14 tJiibutor o e die 1 lea ot 1 roe. how di'ln:eda wa G 1 tt1 thJ al.'l:i.DA::NII!:n u the ftlll'lftllliP t,.. the :t.a.s. c .lt1 lea O'Lea .&._JIIIoB.II:"U..!IoA 111 .laD 1n4U.f'awmee w re th 11ter&rJ the t t, 0\lt aide Irelalld, I..rl elio .wcMII.K\ILV 11 ... 1e b t b7 the 117 oa Row o s1 a1 Ir1 aahool. .h-:K1JMIIDD and \.t'\llllAIJIJl D& D(JUC9lflk& OadS.e poa inn 1 ' a 1Dte. t 1n Ut art t r ot J: a Connoll:r Con .. ld. .S. c 'b7 tbe Ga 11o L8 4 T Boll tan, J J! 1 0 Barta)", ull!van and ... Irlah ool 11 Said c1a' able ot the .U AIJ S.ated thP wlth both nl b and the 11 .,.-, the t t ' aohool en t re }n (./'""

PAGE 192

1229 addition to P at-ae and b1JI brother: a llaoDonagb, Joaeph Plunk tt -and De ond RJU lea 'b7 Stan41ah J oGra471 Padra1e Col ud Douglae IIJ4 wer-e p ro ecS ao well b7 the bO)"a to win the adalJt t1oa ot Boln Mac!fe111 B. y; ate, Stepb8n Ed t,a a net ate 11 KaeKirlDA. ,_ t dlatinptahed see cmal 8f0upe 11h1 uaect t'U U 7 thed re looa ed ira ut, Oo14t an4 1ft nt nlaD HGb J o pbell, Daniel OOI'lreiT, t. otBe1U aua .. n, All e MUll n, T enoe s.tra.,. and O
PAGE 193

han4, a aa 1904 t b8J cU.r f'u.ae4 to pi'Otluoe 0 Bernarct 8ha ' a _.::::.;...-. -.-.:;;o -*lllll=t leat 1 t mlght s1 ott .. Purth e, the praa of s Ka a, Pad.rato Col Kaol>on Joa ph P-'bell the bttJ pl a 1 the 1Ua t01'7 ooatbot or Lad7 0!' PI and J M 8 p 81' t! Pi ta the Pf'odu 1cm ot P 1rl 19011 Pl'0-4uot1on ot Sbaw' a at. b let' Dub11Jl a atle J a plq lJf La whloh Slarl.tl 1oal t &1&44 h ot ml.aaa. Ao rd1ngl.71 1t 1 not 8UJI 1a1 t 1D 1 12 anc'l 1911, P oBea 1't7 and P .H. P epo h18hl7 ot tbt '!hea tN 1n I o san tJr tM I R B 1D 18U 1 tlcm s to tntl e I1'1 !he 1c1D ot t:t. Ga.Uo Le I.Mm 4 Ita u17 opap.Ma s oal'l'l-' on b7 hi-te and a U.tlone tt:M A t1 1a tm1a ol'k HI IIJ'd 111 II le1U1 P.H. Pe&l'ee M1 el otlfannbaD ard 'l' oc 11&1 a1'1Jraoi"Ui'- ill atdl 1 to J rna lloore d r4 -.r 1 1' o e111 Ruaaell, Y te, oe aon, 4 P i&rul, 1 el Cuao1r, J l.Dd and 'l'hla P 1u poup, lt ., be noted, 1 da polJit to J a .107"' 1Dd1P t 14et1t1 t!CB ot the allla ot Pen! 1 and GaelS. L Peltl.apa e ost r: -ah1 etr t wh1Gh Oaello bad OD Iri 11te 1a to be found 1D the ole 1n loh lt

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l2Sl w 1nt At ooU le'fel th re we aohoola tth1 ar t or 1oul.ture and lsl ID tru.otlon. P.P 1n t ezpcmen e ot pb78ioal tore 1llo to b tat w1 th ooll a wv a Sir Ro Oaa et, Al1 XlD. Ul., o tba1 OOla o LodhlaS 1 L1 a 11 Joa ph 1.7 Plunkett, '.rh a aDem P.B. Pe and De Valen. Al o at th oell. 1 al eatabU lJl 190 The opa o 11'1 lat,.. 1D tl t t1 b --ol'J t 1 1D thia bJ' he Gaell L su aho l"tl7 att .. V O'Le 7' d th 4 I .R.B. Jolrl t 7 Oil the a14 the I/' lupap liata. At DdarJ 1 Yel W N the ohoola talned b7 the aa.1at1 r b7 P .H. P r e 1D 1 Du.bl1D to th.S.P p d BDda' '1.'be 1a tel' e tabliah exeou 1a 1D 1916 r1a1 weN aeaooiat w1 ita t ohtq ata.tta P .H. Pearae Will p e, !boaaa OCIIl Coll>vt ed ton. tt r 4 tbe owthotFc1an1 pl Gaeli Le 0 re to ex p aaabll ill pb711 .,. t Bobl a eUl, De Valera, 1r R er Cae Sean oD1 da, oe.Dil p ... P J o r..ar7' 1tr nM to Slrm Pttlrl, wh1 h a or ated 1D 19061 o be attr1 t h1 d Yet p t &DJ' 1D 1D C\alaJm na llGa.ae 1 htciD 1h1cb Sba 1D ,.... r tee! b7 GJIUtl OuNan n nGa 1 ppate fit 1ft the I lta oloa to tbe phJ81ca.l t 1sat1on o n b

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be t 0 that &o e, I tollo
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dr t1cal.l)' bld1oatec1 trGD the a1nsle tact tbat the other a1x a1pere ot the laet r llanlt'eato ot 19161 the 1ana prCIINlgated thellt I.r1ab Repub11 (sean MaeD1a
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12M nevoJ, FH.Doia Sheeb7-Skettin on, a Joyoe and George Moore Oontr1butora D!!n Booth, Xathar1n Padrai Col s et.xac a Mark1ev1oz oonno117, Sir a OfSulllvan and Oon-OuJDam na mBan, llb!oh waa t d. 1n 1914 ' aux111&r7 to the Ir1ah Vol ot In&hin14he na hIU.re n l" 1ar 17 up ot m lbere lfhc BMD h-!J.rtmg auap publication 1n 19121 ita place waa taken b7 I -san ot tbe Ir1 ena F.l' noh1a Le ge ldlloh bad been founded 1n 1908 te the PJ'im .. 7 v. I"V'po e ot wtnnain tbe rtgbt to vote rOJt The le84era ot e.--1D A PeQrrJ.t .fL JJu! At1d a YQWUJ en the 01' --ganb.at 10D aut .-...;;::.-;;: ....,..,...;.;oa:;. 1n 1912 1t ttracted the attent1on ot oeor B nard Shaw, 'lthoee w1te wae one or the 1"1rtt to tbt It ahoul4 alao be not..S tbat the I .R help the tN.ttr av t both ougb it a otr1o1al paper, v Ir111h t bJ Padnto Ool 'l'hall Xao Donagh J .. a and rote1aor Houston ot t1w I t1onal Un1-an 1to.Pa It waa not orisiMJ.lJ' P"Je te4 aa a Pu1 Joaraalt btlt ptaduall7 drawn towaJ!Ida tbe I .a. Joa ph rr Plunkett aDA 1'hc:aae aoDonl6h, who ot exieten ot oour-ae, amona thoa exeouted 1D 1916, a 1n 4, weM thre other butor: J, eo OomloU7, P H. Poar and Sir Roger Oaa ent.

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Iriah ll ren 1aaec val1dit7 tb18 ta ent be t t 'bJ the t ct that p Jtu el.l, an41ah J. Brn t 1 li,QJ.'d. Dtul 1 de,, :wa 'tJn 1 George Koore oi0i5oiiiiliiill& -.....;Wiiiiliiiii-.. pl'S.n _. the VS.ewa of co -tJ-1but ot all ahadea opln1ou. part1oular app al to the F iaJla re oa ocel' 0 a nt Who v an Ir1ell allta w1-oe 11'1 nt ot rtewa ot PranoJ. wepe 'b7 a 1a11ata a U a b,. b. ot ph.J'a1 to!' lit Nr7 a U'1 oe I!h ReY1 1.t not 1n41 t -1 be el.abOftt ita att1 t Ab .., lloi.A'" ......... ore, rt .. oontt-1butect to it bJ D&rl'U -:tt_u, Katharine o ulll Wlllll-L at toMU, Jo p-V beU1 Jlo f1TI Connell otl)uttyJ ., 1 b7 a 7 Ool 1 V' 0 p cU.atbgu1a 1 t1 &1 t/ a1p1t1c lit al ita adwrt1a ra lbol 4 Ieh Y tat an4 ., w 11 v the Irla an4 Irl Vol eera !be IJ'1a labo.tt ao 11111 Yaa a,apathetlcaU7 tr tM b7 loa o the lana the Ulon. 1-eadere or Ir1ah 1 wbo de a part1 ul.ar ap 0 adYOoate ot J*l al t-ozt w H J conno117, o w a 11lt el7 interest d 1D Fen1all1 and the 0 ltlo ren 1aaan aa w U e l .abor, and Jam s Larlc1n th dp 1o

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organ18 Lattk1D or 1286 1z Worker.' tTD10D 1n 1109 In thla WON waa belpe4 b7 WP 11)'&111 ec11taae ot t.be to Wh1oh PN4 R7 Bob rt LfD4, P .a. Be art7, Al1oe 111U1 Stan41ah O'Gre.tlJ' tri La$1D t a leat ll --.at 1D 1ld1na up tho tlnlon J, ea CODnollJ' who l> orpni& tor 1t hl tr Aaerl 1n 1910. oth p.portera aa1D b7 e1cl7 paper wh1 .-11-1 h 'lranapon and Gen411'a1 tJa1on ea-kbl1 1D l9U AD4 to wh1oh Lar>kh, COJmollJ' &D oo aq, ne 0 ana h .m on at lt one seabl oeeaa1ca, W.B. Y ata oontribu'-' theae tr1 4a were il'ano1a and o Outa and toe ot the th:a1an were V aD u Bt1wud Oarl 1ft 11115 Ir-1u Tranapoa-t and oene,.a1 WOl'k ' t1h101l u4 the Dublin plo,.era b 11011 1n e. bhtono .tria. a fi s ot tbt 1Vi oat 411 the tol'Oea wtdoh N hoetlle to the 1all a. n tl:Ml1r tr1 4a N 1 OeOl'.. e.M _a. Ye ta rU P1ggla, J, Stephana, Daniel Col' .,.,, Joaph 7 Pl ' u ka'Do h, Prano1a u4 lrt'tln.gtoa, P.H P arae, Oeor nuell, seumaa o t Sullivan 0ap 1a J .a w P.S rdo Ool: holtellna, J Bsl1nt an, r o 'Put'tJ" Sir au1aa o 1aat1 wb1 cppoawt th atnkera 1.D &rJina ape n Ir1ah A&Plultul'al OJ'Pil1aat 1 soot tbe l e R , anct, ot o<*&'ae, the lr1 1114 Gen ra1 Worbra 1 union.

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123'7 At Plunkett Bouse, Ulbl!ft h dqual"tera the Ir1ah Aar1 ou.ltul'al Orpn1a tlOD sootet7 and the I!h Hoe! tsd. Sir Boraee Pl\Ulkett a acae t arraa ed b7 Ruaaell' Aa a reault tbe latter b mor oiro\lllapeat J but he aet hie 't'S.ewa 1n a eel brate4 open l tter "To the 11a ter ot Dub11n aad later 1n d Bet 1opeJ.tl and the fhe ml! P1nall7, the two 1 ctara ot the Irleh 'I'raupo.l't 11114 General WOl'kera' trntcm Larldn and Oonnoll71 reoelftd abort prlaon a toeaJ and coanoU7 OD -.orable oa ion ad4Naae4 Alb rt Hall ettns 1n London OD the atJ'ikera' b lt alOI\8 with Gear B rd Shaw, George aell d oeorse LlllaburJ' An lllportant l' lt or th etrlke was tbe tOl'llaUon ot the Irlah 01td.zn 7 a ll111tb pe. tterned after Oanoa t a Ulat Volun ra. Ita tar7, the 41' tlat s an ooaae71 aubae-quctlJ c-ote !!l!. stgrz 2. II".& C1t1!e '!'be x.a.s., ot oourae, bad reprea tat1Y 1D tbe Clt1a Oon tuN Mar-k1eY1a and P .T. DalJ Both OQSht to prcmote oloaer relat1ona betw n tbe labOI' m111t1a aM the Vol.uteer orsani&atlon 'lbiah wae tOQDISed b7 the Pent a 1D Dublin 1n HOY er, lGUSe oonGlude e aotJ:t'1t1ea ot the I R .B. beto and Ar-ter tbe outbre k ot 1n 1914 oul4 be ot.d. n. ore !Jrlport&Dt 1D the peracmnel ot 111 I a a betwMD 190'7 d lilA oonalated ot veteNna '6'1 the dJft t o palp ( ot 11h1ab. Tc:. Cl one) the Iltleh Br,1pde ln the Boer ar ud o ta1D o r who were the oatenaible 1 r lll 190'7 Tem Olartce w the onl7 one ot thea older Pentane waa to 1p tha eter WMk 1918. -'lted b7 Pa trlok B e.P Bobaca

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TQD'l Clarke and Brian O'B1gg1na suoo aa1v 1,, toUftdeG 1n 1910. As the ott1o1al organ ot the I .a.B. 1 oontenta poaeea a kef t/ y P'U'R.ec1 by) the to tbe pNaa1on 1n 1914 In ita r7 tlrat mudber k1 repudiated conatl-tutlonal agitation and e:&pre ed a,.pattq' tol' ttl Ir1ah l. bor o ent fhe Abb.,. tre and Ge an7 Later 1 t led ho t111t7 to the BJ:tlt1ah crown, Kipling, the R onditea r 11g1ou aeotar1an1 : and oxptteaaod admir t1on tor the t a Rebe1.11m," the Irish A 1oultur 1 Orpn1a t1on. the G el1o Ath,.. let1o eaoo1at10D, the Irish 01t1za Arm7, the Ulster Volunte r a th Iriah Volunuera, 8DCl tb F1ann na Ell-ann (the Ir1ah Repu.bliaan BOJ Soouta). In adMt1on, 1t ugbt to !ntlu no S1nn Pe1n 4 the G el1o LeaSQ ot p rt1oular 1Dtere t to Pen art1ele a bout th un.t teet Ir1s en, the YOUJ18 Ir laD 11 t and the dJftua1t o pa1gn. In tb 1 t oat gol"J r autoblo-Dal,-, both or aerved lons Jail aentenoea aa 4JD&mite oonviota The oat celebr t d 1t r Who contributed to I!!! were s an ooaaer, 7 Col aoDon gh1 Bimu Roger o '1'he last .tour oot.rlbutora re a1ngle4 out tor-pe.rt1cul&r attention b cauae ot ir olo aa ol t1on w1 t.he Oelt 1o l' nala-1anoe George uaaell wrot on the co-operat1 mew entJ nt 011 Ir1ab-Ge n alllaoeJ oBe s rty praled Gaii:Ht'llill:llll w s ta, Lennox Roblnaon, P dra1 Col J SJft th

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1238 r gretted that tbe Ga l1o Leagu had t1t to .r pa41at the I.r1th pre 881 t1onal Theatre So :S.e'7J and P H P v1 :S.n a rlea ot a.rt1ol.ea t1 tl. p ou tr r tn 1914 unttl 1916 Pen1aD1 an4 the Celtl pr1 na1eeanee, ot ow:-e en lnued 1n ext t Dul-ins thie Pen1 1 a eoooura owln popul 411 t t whioh att o t 4 the o ello I.e -e tlw a o thollo Cbu'ah ulte4 ill ll\llllUOU traete tor the tS. s '1b Ir1 01 t1zen lao re-tleoted thla popular un at 4 t I.a.a., ea olall.J at't r Lar1dn aa woceed 4 ln 4 bJ Ootmol l 7 a IDle to ut111ze d1a -v oo:nt t to 1 111t1a loao to the Volute t--The popular d1eaontent att ot 4 Vol e too, but 1n 1 9 1 the Jor1t7 a t their 1 t with R hie OI'U1t tM S.l 1h abw.t a eplit 1n the organia tl U r eeo lon, ntlJ' 11 the Irleh Volun t ra, OOD talned tbe I R B e It h_, reprea tat1v at Vat1 aaaador to GeMil&.ft se oble Ccnm 11 ed a pape.r oiiiiiooliiiiiiiii ........... .-4 1t 4 1tt 1t 1n Uo ctrlll1ns, adea a rd t t U aa it w a the P n1an ele-:nt 1D 1 t waa oppo Ne1111 Wh1 MUsht to upcm t lr1 I.R. B ; then, r o tian or 1916. It ilm p a eel b7 Boin Kac t r1a1ng 1oh the I .rt. B vse4 17 ... 1918 aided b7 Ube Ir1ab 01t1ztn and tew Irlah Volunteer Who 1' not also re ot the Penltm organ!&& t1m:a. Tb a r bl took unto th n Ir1ah R ubl1oan An1J1bu.t the nt bls\r'f tbla n l'evolutlOD&l"'f organiaa-ttcm S.. b d the cope or the pr nt 1nre t1 t1on of the 1nt

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l238b relation between Pen1an1 and the Celtio renaissance. The 1916 rtatns has been callect "'l'he Poet' In.urreotlon. Oe.l'tainl.J' ..-; v n7 or the executed m n writ raJ and &leo leading ... Ir1ah author a ot tbl pe.l'lod lmow as the Oel t!o auch ae Georse Ruaaell, L8d7 Grego1'7 and Sean ooase7 -xpreseed their eJilpath:,r tor the men who were killed b7 the roroee the Britlah Crown. Ind w B Yeats, who w s d07 n ot l.riah letter a at the tiM am1 who had not long bet ore written the epitaph the Oel t1o renaiaaanoe, declared that Penlan1 bad been revitalized the holooauet.

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OHAJMI'ER XXV OONOWSIOJIS AliD REPLBO'.riOIS Tllwa.Pte4 groupa wh1oh have a em her1 tase ue apt to behave a1a1lar1J IJ'heretore a atudJ ot IHlancl aa a ubJ t nat10D ld.ght well b-e ued al tbe baala tor pre41ct1oaa ot wbat 7 be expected Bolland, Def.IIIU!lk., Czechoalo ld.a, Polanc!, Belgi 11orwa7 or fteanoe 1n a dOIIIiftat d b7 0Ctrll&ll7 Por it requu a Uttle laag!natlon to ant1o1pe.te tbe growth or eparat1 1ll these ooaquered lade u the d1No reeult ot tboee rebela Wbo Ch and aot1oe aga!Dat the Bu1a. And aeral aua l will be att pted b7 atUl others w1ab to be popul.u without rialdng dea'h The d ot the tbeae whioh baa b 1Dd1oated abon, .ruo1Da t1ns aa 1 t UD4c:albted17 would be, s-eluct tlf be abiUldcmed aa more apt to be aeoaat1onal than aoouate. But three oonolu.e1ona Wh1o.h oan ttel7 be draa tram an evalua t1cm ot Pen1&D1 aDd the Co1t1o rena1a o oould eaa11J be 1n thia MDil t 1) 1D the pa t the 1Dt1u M ot the 'O'ftited stat upcm IrelaDd ba beeD uzsdereat ted, U not c pletel7 1gnoa-ef!J 2) the 1tanollauung ot poll t1oal, eoonOJd.o and re11S10\UI hiatos-7 a1noe 1800 1a not as oon.tueiq ae it 11 popularl7 aup. poaed to be b7 those wllo launder tand tbe pHgresa1 e :aature ot the parat1at mOY nt tn whioh the pbJ'81cal oe part7 plqed an ou.t tanding role J and S) tbe atud7 ot Ir1ah 11 tel'al"J' 1238C

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h1atol"f1 p&Ptioul.ut" the Celtic la anoe. 1a lllpor t not to the atud t et lahguase 8Dd lite tu.r but al o po e values tor tho. who are tnt rea .a ln the br 4 r a tudJ ....... a .. 1nde Tbe tJ.ltat oonolua1 which I tfhoulct 111M to dl'aw ....,._ ... Srai!!J!!III!!I. la tbat tM lntlu. ot tba U.1iie4 Sta 1n IJII 1 ct ha bee!l 1hv la'bl7 ll eo ed b7 at'ld 11 ot IP1ah tbDQ.sbt '1'0 t onl7 a ftS\18 lcm ot Clan the wo ian evo ble tr a 1n 1 ving u ill ot tU 01 rll &I' 41H t17 af't r that t Yet tM atOFJ ot 1=ba 1 tlwr-hoocl to one who 1e with Il-1ah h1at0l"J' la but a tr-lkf.Dg ple ot a o non -tb8 that 4ur1ns the n1n tb oetuJ7 the Unit st, tb.aal other teelp o tl'7 1l'lolwl1ns Great Brl taill1 1h th tboQsbt ot Il-el&Dde A an 1Uuatr tlon tM
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1240 Tb Ge11eral Debt or Il'lah Wr1 t tt. to loa Howev !I' to tlw 4 nt ot Il'1ah lltvatve. the 1D.tl\l . e or Allert an lettera ta o portant thM the uent fd a uo arul war r 1n ep la-1 1 we attract to 1o thought PAl'tl. J b eaue the7 t t w1 thr 1n the Ull1 t at a e peo1al.l7 ong Irish-, arad per p wo PN'tl till ault ot a eubU...tt ot elr auppM a deeire ror a rt or Iltlilh 1ft ep e so tfl1' 8 1 pat!Q' t IJalah on ..s, 1t 7 be r el'ed t t t 17 we DaVS.a, and Pergu.a publ1ah84 1D Bsw Yol'k betore 1860 aD4 at a time 1fhe auah ed.lea u 3 IU.tohe1 &lid Ji Of w th 1r 1D tlw 1 teG sta but a1 o te c1M Y ta nd e were ts.re He 1se4 otatal. Ireland 1D tl 1t 1 ted b t Jew gland. In vlft o thla terl&Uat1 at a t tN.P 1a1 8 t Ir1 au wer Tltal17 1ft er the rl JN,bU r peotaU7 t t t or lit 11h1oh UJ 1ld. t d 1M t tl'Md_, it 7 Npol'ted that a ow 4 Irlah Ubl. Mtiat r enas.n r1 DO the tl wh1 Atld.na bad for tbat tb 8 e D Iriah a lt.... ou14 u.aot:lao 1 4eaue tor an DOtlUI l 1aD4t I t1.n4 o,._....,"".... tlal evld PP 17 181.

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1 241 Ubl t1 re t ou va -t1 0 a r sual17 ad Ub rala or ---... - A t1ou-otth1 t 'W'DI'tYUI' lib b t 0 lo 8 l fp 8 11 o-..................... stu J-at 1 ttq. -tr7 1 0 ... p t1'1 de nut ot lD detail. te 1 I he tufth 0 t1 'kl,_d Ol' Srl 1 0 t t i.eJ'- et b 0 t 4 lU DN.D1bO ot tus-l1 141. t1on to w t1 1pa laftd a 1 t1on l in. tl t b 'l'hcalu fi'Tt be n I' a trip ,...J!lt'ltwurh IP 1an4 t I aao to d

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do 1242 the G 11 L a 1 a S 1n r to 1c J OtU'Ilall Ge se t1o aUa. St '!'he lhtlu al 1t1 ., 4 .tolkL tu47 1 era Who r wid 17 r dlniN c :OOJ,.-. pr 11 PH a e.1 Barthll)ftl.-b7 7 t not 7 attorctQt plot tor a pla7 b7 Ji .r but alao t rl7 p1 e ot 11 cr1t1 1 b7 t wh1 tnt 1n Provl4 S t 18 1 It la e1b1e, 1 own' haft' b t d w s. 'Y1 1 Po ia Inv""'"""bll.J' t .t.. P 0 t th au ....... .. 11&11:-a..a. a telt 1n t Amer1 n poe PJ t 111ar 1st II' -

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1243 1 t pula .. 1t J 8 ClllJieiDU 0. the l&t t1 abUltJ S1Jt S t 1Glitt1er 4 P: ,., 11 or .a\111& WaJ-4 tile Ir1aD-.a.ll'1 ble I la 1e b ttw tlatat o th1as in all OAe .... Ita Ye ,. 11 tl b1e at r ----

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Stat t1et1ed. 1'691 I It 1 :v fallM-,'r.:... 7 , 1 l t wrot t ot Glit8D s.. -wr1t gllah l1t tul'

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1 245 Sharp attitude towards poaa1b111t7 ot the exiat. ee ot aD r1 aa 1 iOA 1 Ol'e c1t1oal17 1D-1fh1 the 1 t quota'1on 1 to u all a J ll. pH'9ino1al or 41alee 1e. But gl.adlJ I, t one w111.1ne to be Celt!o1 1.t the .,,.. a18nih' no ore th.llD t.bet on 1a a Rnsuab it r 1lho b7 birth, 1Dhar1tanoe and t... t baa an outloO not dlaUnctlv 17 Bl'J.sl1ah with lea aD! traditions an4 14ea1a not 1D by Gl1 '. c ot the SOuth, 1 th 1" 1al 1D-et1not t tnt t one writ s and ror the reat, h.er1 t II 1 OJ-g11 1 1oa d 11t r li.UiiAUIW.li ael'1oual7 at 1 1ca. Ua tin t&Ue4 Ir1ah pi'O. !Dt rio lit ture

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1246 I n adc11t1on so t as I ow, th 1r g118h n 1 Ol'e Ir1eh stud nta or b.1a \o%'7 Pur1:llf..,.. tentlon ot o ra ao t t hil r sponll to ea oba-erve tba t thta Ir1 t er, Ireland wh1 toll ow ot 1 t aOQJ'a a 1ll 1ean 11teratnute olt atall bl 4 t, 1 .......... .. ......... taUecl to Mln \ftN.Kl.Wfl.l01 8 of IJ'S. thought to COD t T o t eta 4 0 to to pd. lt 1a wtt opll\1 ttb so Act ot U n ion cann t be 4 a 1b a a -

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1247 o eo t to r tt M ot let not. ..u. lllOtle poU'l .. aJJJ. Jlllii'7Qg tlie a\ed aepara 1.. war t 1nn 1n, tbe Ca 11 r tbe aoolali ta, the F lane, the a1 1 t t1 ye t S!Dn P 1n Mould )a b 11 &lao t a U natt 6 -.etl-ate4 b eprtq lHO. There c t10Da or S1!m wlth 1 S1 p 1D J,. D. 8 w. . para s.: 4ue -. \be of Mlt to 1 111 ,... a1b111t7 te s.t .. u r e>l4 phiOallJ' and Bal.p ,... an4 1d ill 191Vt e orre tl7 14 1t1ed. 1lJ in 1ate4 tha.t rt ot

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1248 that, pnor to 1918, 1t ftO ODlf bl to t a t r t 1t tD t al e.ner .tut1lo t pt., t!!Cl not 117 8 -p m b t ot t t # 1t tor tu Republl Y. MJi'MIMCI Ge 4. n.-tl 4 1 tt u lalpJ!' aiz f01 ""Dt!IB r ..,..,..,.. t 1t1 N in ta At lle ..._ ......... or ....... to Yet, t woul4 u-... AIIUIUf I haw u7 tft.tt'S. w1 pezna4tt4 to b part or UD1t aDd 1t le a t lt a b7 Ell t 1t 1t t!Lt' and aY ed b\t l.e Shaw .!1 .. ot t.. .... ot Bfltl 1 t the that s... e, 'I be l ape 1t1 o 4 1111'1U'Illlu. -.plo1t AD.Ol!I!IIS.m1*1 ot U.IJlelU. OD17 woul4 't s... tb. l the t>t bave beea have taken a ., P ae.

PAGE 215

plaoe 1D what Ge 1 AlliaDoe 129 tbe "Bnt 1 Ill vi o a wlth wh1 A 1t B1t1 un1 t1onaUa tKt 8 1 1 migb. r- o the obvS.ou. ot Soola.U t tiOI'Dl'e the 14 to alta, ttoll 1D pOll to 41'fl Ir11h lab 811 h lab ot t aS.t h a nee4 onl7 or ._lM 1 tloa117 r v tNl lD pit t the ap...-._. ..... so 1&11 ot 116, Y t 11 tb taot that Ir1sh 1 ta lJ' ao tal' ae ilbe S.1t1ah b 4 tl' t bJ theb df.D p tlol t 1D 1 So allet ont a 1' t the t ot the SJ'ftd1c&llat I r1Dd 1' D to eetble to t.ag!.Jle po :1t1ft aou t t 1 1 t beU v ra 1n coop l' tl ..,.., ... d b se t1et Whll. 1t le true t o 1et S. notOl'lOU17 an 1n41 l 1 _...,.. .. ell t v oo-epen.tl .. b-,.-ourlt7 ot the po se the land trbloh :ua, bJ the pr1 e4 r .. who pr tit bJ the 1D1 P 2

PAGE 216

aeou.rit7 ot 1t1ah Cl'O a pere.t1 ta 1250 porttOftl ZUl l"at:ll&"' 41ftar7 te t ot .S.tlna aa oe who oulc1 haYe b bul ot 10111 Koral S coo ttY R xt, 1 tat tth att pte to oile or app IrlaD4 1t b \he po11q t tbe 0 1ll1ftg to a ute t the verr ... th t para 1 Yet oe s taadlng 1 t t CII:IJld tbe Bl'itl eo 4atru. tl ae thSag whiah hald oat hol7 thewa: an t or 1 1 a ot a s putat1at lD th atcl. st a ot the w 11 1n b1a 1 t 1n the 1 'lhe Jt a Oa o11 Oatho11 Oblu' eeka the UD1 aU p1 th e t o woald pr tiler ae U tho p_... t Jl1lls 0 fat -t s.s m Oatho11 OlDu-Oh tbe t 118 4 bJt rl-.1 Ob ot 1a t 1 4 ,. 1t 4 Pr -reltgi.Gl s tJ.cut 1t ould pr bl.J" b a h 0 tter N th Ohurob ot P a

PAGE 217

1251 D 1 1 oo blio t 1 t, 1 .\a lo t7 to th t tua w Rep lta 1 tb 1 tho t ed to 1 Y.t t1o 11 t 1 1 were e4 0 tho11 d 0 c !1811 ... 1 ill a 0 it to r? I b c t1 t t

PAGE 218

1252 11h1oh th did not bel .. 8 POP the t rt t.be7 all e4 tb.e1t-t to at to d th 1n the gaee t .rUl!Jle w1 th 1nal.J' oallCN n at d to plOJ' t:IQ'a1o tor e ot l'8 OOJ!lmllOt the rtrat two arnHrat ., triotS. wl r t1 b7 fttlloale 1lb U!ltoaJ.t P t Uln r tbe aeplll"a \lt t naau 1 17 4.-.aanrate 7 'be nloel.J .,._.,. leatl t d1etl'1but by quot.blg b7 1ab RuJ.t Otl .u X. 1all4 .. ote.v ot Ir1 the t1e1d ot r l1g1ora OathOll mm: .. ab ha 1ate4 W to beUev that moM t:twm 1t1 ot Ir land. lotb.ins oou.lcl nl!'lt No. 18, e uaton

PAGE 219

1253 1ng 4 o.r1pt1on ot the aupo.ra 1t10A ot th Uletr major1t7 h1oh olug o the Bl'S.t111h pi t Th87 lave a v1a1on 811 Irish pa.pliameJlt e tabl1ah1Dg the Inqu1a 1 t10DJ aaorlag the Protestant 1ntut J o 11 tho lldAs ot Ulster to the 4 Karla KonlcJ 1nv1t1ng the Po to \ranaf'or the Vat1 to MaJnOOthJ pttns the pa-lest &CID the .1v1ed1ot1on ot the e1 'dl t J 1d.q e4 lllal'Piag a lllepl.J ro-vi"f'l!ftbe penal lawa th boot the other l 8J and orua the a !d. ot Beltae1J bJ _D SJQport d\\t1 a Oil te raw t .tala and J'tb.l,ag Engl.lab1 111h1lat 41apenldns ard-t bOQDt1es to t ra, graz1 d aDd COllYeDt WOJiklhops 1 .......... tal anal ot ot b of the 0 ptU"illaD ot tml.t t 1a lP la:nd with F 4 ra1 on...,..nt 1D the t.1n1 t sta tee au.. t C1Y11 r oauee w1 th 01'1_.._ aid....S In R JQ.u 1Q.an CGDalt'l 1n the maJnDt r u the D the !I o n d Glll7 to be at to be Suat1fi d the andll ot au a r aJ1nga It 1a aa p1a1n a tb at Bemard .. aa SiP ll4wUd. bJ' t.t-1e4 to t I.NlaDd ott 1t would be DM aaal'f t Ireland 1r oou1a. to a 11a a4 -.. ter navt., to 1 Shaw 9.2 P 16. 2 e IbJS P l'7';

PAGE 220

7 0 alao 1te lit r 1254 ..::;ma.ua a-..WYa 1 parts. l.a.rl)' or the Ir1 -0 1 1 sllah ab wh!. h'' 1 t 'l"h1 ot nnJl!Ptua-. 1a at 117 4 tr le 'b7 a t1 (,d' 41aleot little 1D OOIIJIQl with the ap ot 0R17 18 lt hl7 all ot Irlah or b Gael1e.jpne.-ena alec 1t 1a -&-1 1J be U1 ae Ut_ 1llu7 ot sl1 1 ttera ea .bll7 1 t

PAGE 221

Iblgl1ab ......UHW' co ta the hJpttt:t'IAa 811 1255 t 11eh b7 Il'l wr1 t ttte 1 alft t1. 1 Wttall. tba 1Df1:WII:MM \l\e pef.Jlta 7 pt latl d o1a 4 and J l) Ue'fl w B. Yeata an spbe thnnm 1fh1eh :lli!Wtl'e lt Ueh. llath .. 4, u 1 sf.D, Up-l ao J UI.CIIIIl tbat !MIIImd

PAGE 222

11 era e baa Irlah lett.re ve q'Wllt1. --.. 1f 7 be ts..n. ..--t*l'1a,1oa .. at1,.,.11J' KDC*D Spl.Pl .,. 1'1 1256 Il-l 11. a U tl tr Ill -l'fttl I 1eh and Bhg111h OOD._,. uad apin' SAo hu bu atnce 14 ratd.cm a I '., h1e-b 1t '1'h peepl! are a 1 peopl t eab tra . ... LlLIL._ ..... _, t1a aJl4 V,, buq vi o14eet and ablpl t thlDga ot Ute, peoPle 1lbO ba"fe D own 1.'l.P 1n t:M ta or ton th anutelaU 1 oi.S.lliatl with V&dlt1cmal ot brl plaa 8 ta a ..... tllatl!-1l1WIIt1 o.:L1 us. ... ot pr14e, ot

PAGE 223

1257 1 anoganc-" oODt t Wbioh Il'1ah tul'e has ted to the eultur the r t ot the 1f.Orl4 at onoe to m1n4 when oae 1Dg their. 1 14 .Pette1 11M. nw p11SJ'Jap to ._idl. 1e flipre to eet tM beaut11\\1 q11 t alongs1<1e the old. OD 1 or 1P11th utS.qui t7 I .. 1a 01 1 tt.M 1e the wealth ot Il'1 .apl.it1..,,. La47 a.-.&.MlAllil.a e whi ... '! w RoU. e p anc!l alao, w1 -.hi at'-Pte t IJtl tl 1fOQl4 be J)O(IIl'el' w1WR.d ua,ern Iria (d Douala B7cle ...e as ---- baJ.1a4a wht %2i's..h .lo&IIIRUII"K. ahou14

PAGE 224

1258 a ar nt tor those 1fho 41aagee w1th t ou Ir1tbman, Oscar WU4e,. an4 aa en that t 1-e 1a no e1l th1Ds u Utt tosa sak 'l'be et Hveraal ot ala 11h1ah b ob n a 1n th at wS. 17 Had Il'1 ah Wl'i tare t t h8 perloda b tfJIJll and 1818 1 at tUas to the 1e t. Ill the e 17 da.,. t:he nia" nth tu17 Irtah ... stera tOUJl4 tr audio e e1th 1ft tb "bla Uu.a ( t 1 811if:mS the wealtbJ' X.lah larldoe ra) w la ill Bns2aa4 IHlaact re&aN aa a ort fd o oel_,.. B e, 1D wort ot Levett arad LoY OM tJala the ded s-ttl7 tJt.ea e4 w1 th ot and the laDd1 p ant17 the Jeot or ttldS.0\11 Later att the tteturn ot the Pelau. the 1 d aa1tat1 ot P&Pn U and D vltt and the 11orat1ve 1eg1alatlcm ted b7 Gl&dat e, writ ra, wou14 bave itt ntae at earlier date, t0\Ul4 that the U t Pl'ed bootQI 1D wh!ob th re no "atae Ir1 but ill 1lh1 "the Ute ..,.. t h iW hl no 1 a1on" 1D Bn 11 were rthpd are be tamuJ 1ll the d7 ot Irlab Utl'a1'1 h1ator7 1 the blop pb1o 1Dto t1 wb1 it r v ala abGitt auoh 1Dtemat1onall.7 lalCnr:D Ir1 PllCllbaaeraa u the Abb 7 The tr w a Yeat JG1:8l SJDS LadJ Gres 8114 J a JO)'Oe 8 0' Oa #/II', 0 01'8 Moore G p Ruaa U

PAGE 225

1 259 The Abb$7 fbea It w111 be not-eel that ost or the people 1a thl Ut weN aoeta w1 the Ir1ah theat t AI 1tere Abbq 'l'hee.tr o rtaia 1Smlpt1 wero posed upon the lild.. tlou 1n the s.osr pbioal t\lq 1D whieh tb. actlGft 0!1 tbe1r aov.l4 take p oe ard 1ll tho sp1r1t w1 th wh1oh taw au a hle J t. *-w s t d tbat ... t1:le 'til" 7 Bemar4 Sba' t hu g Jfb.J. u tl7 41 lo .a the t .ot t all ot the plqa pl'Odaoect b7 Abb ha4 an IM1h aetting. ID ddl t 1on to thia 11m1 tat lea ot the 1mpo.Ptano ot the ep1rlt 1n which an Abbe7 p 1ght oto 11 well wgbt 0\tt b 7 the t ot t k e by anct Sean oto .., w r r e1 by riot b.._ua the7 wve co to b di.stortlone ot the 11'11 obaN.cter. Ill the o t101l tbe pularitf or the 1D elf pav1ot1 o be o1 ane be t theae lJ.m1 ta tltma were a p 01' a h1at1.ran mmot 481Q" t the lmowl -throw an S.portaat 1 UJ)Oil nob untvv...U7 ple a tboae nt101led above w a 'fi ta and sean ooaa.,. ot 1111 th oaa-iou.l.u 11.\ter st ot B Yeate oau ot th aaeo-an4 s ooas 7 or o1at1-. wb1 th e 0 bad with aponente ot the docta.tne 1h1 waa the Joint wo111: ot' t; ate and Lad7 Gregor7 a a masterly

PAGE 226

1 260 At th t 1' po ... OQ.8h UJllY aa1 ap t h b et 1D Y at1 t thePe 1n 1926 to e1 e1 rb t litera Apin, be 1a not b tter 1ppM to t To be s e 1D ....,. .. -.... 'bJ the 1 pla. p 1M t he oul4 hav ue4 D an tl 1 oriel lUe. gain, f1 1e an 1mPU" Oaca!ta .... . _..,. b a those ab n t bJ' aw.eoaoc-.., w1 \h *1eh One au l,ooa,ut or 11 d 1t 1D h11 own plot ot lled .. ra b7 1 wou.14 'b t 11ar.

PAGE 227

quotatl DU'1o -Wb1 bet 1261 Jor W1 h nd the or Ji Th11 do e to to p rejiiKJal'ble t b ext I sot1 1 ot hie dQt a c ........ -.. ,...,.._-. h1 t lure to t 1 ot onl.7 tb le t :trelaru1 ourg oh t also

PAGE 228

1262 p l'hap na..!'l.t!IJIIrA JiiJDQl!l:ft with Ir land b ev thelee 1 bOth.,.. .. b otect 1ft the to 111 trat ot pe 11 ot1 ot their t al 1apol'tant a ta the h1ato17 ot Il-ela.nd not ent1onal aour book I think t t lm1 t tor O\lta1 1 d tban U1J' ot 11' IrS. It 1 th o t Tal ble to be awar ot th 11' itld t ea to 1r Ir1 d n w to up. A I bell that Whioh tba Celtl 0 b7 tu ta t; t hood e all el throQ8h which the GU.ltv or t Unit Btlat w e lble to a 1t u Ir1 1 U n1 b'J the t ot t the ppoeedl.;r o ttuaa of Ir18h. poUtloa.l eoc*!OlUO an4 re1 h1 t01'7 troll 1856 to 1916 w l.al" ely the eult a1o t I b 11e that

PAGE 229

1263 th tud ot Ir1 l1terlU'J' h1stor.r 4 o.nstr t the illporttmoe ot both F 1 1 an4 t Oelt1e r a e not onl,J' to the 1NJ nt ot th Engl.1 and Jt Ute.ratve but el.o to tho_ e ar 1Dt t 1n 1940 b tud7 Gr ld.Dd. Ill t b OOU1l 1 s h.1 o 111 tl I con.t1 ntlr anal)'Zed 1n -

PAGE 230

BIBLIOORAPHY !!1, G od 1. ll w York: 1901. Anon D 1r4t1 Boatont o N e series, Roberta BrO; ., 1877. Burke Burke, 'f , Bn&liah !2, I.r A Cour1 of L a .... lU' 'D1lVOJte 7 he Very ev. Th s Burke, o P., 1n ReplJ to J AntbonJ' Eaq with an Appendix. N York: cole and ehan, 18'73 w York: Lynch gh, K M oira or oen ... PrfU'Ci Jlea., com ... priaing e&e tea3ing His Arran 4 lth Sele tlon t'r h11 Speeches, Leoture and cellaneoua Wrl t1ngl, Inclutling Peracmal R 1n-1aoenoes. By 1abael Cavanap, s oretary to John oMahone7 H o Penian B.rotherhoo4. .roe ter, aaaa-cb.uaetta: The sa ng r Pl' s 1892. oDenlette, J A Peracmal Narraj1 v of the Irish Revolutionary Bro therhoOd Gl v" 11. alth'fil"'"li'J22rt ot the Prlnc!p 1 fifUlta F\
PAGE 231

1 266 Dohen7, M,, flcm' Tr ok. Jew York: Pe.Jtr 11 anc! son 2nc! ll!n on 16d1'. *PAAahot' a My.e1ine, B o tan, 187 1885 Ford, Patrlok, '!be Criminal H1ator7 or the Papir 1 Iah 01 5 York, ( 1915). Oeor New York, { 1903-1916) Gecn-ge, B Jrt., _ DoMn _ .,..-...,..---ShowlrJa tM Loc t 1 graph!. 1 Appen4h York (1877). York a Doubl &'1 roetrz. o KuJ.lane, 111., Ol't "WWR!JM!ps a t f/1 lJitlioilc 1'U 00 t7, 91

PAGE 232

1266 oa a :tft.oa O'Donovan Roeea's Reoolleotiona, 1838-1898 New Yol'k: 1898. Oonfp1r .9% vOle. S ag J d t Edited with an H1ator.p;:;,;;;aaiiiilliliil.,.nti&ructlii on Stmggle f*or Ir1ah t1onal1ty Boatoru P tr1ok Donaho 1868 Sutherlau!, H Phila4 lph1a: Y ta, Tbe Nor _9Jqr&ll 2! !Usa Bouglsault. N Yorks Dunlap Edited with bridge, ae,

PAGE 233

1267 Bend acm,. A., Btmas-4 flH oz!!!!! Lo don: lppliGn, F!. Jf w York and Rule Ua1on Le!Q.t, London (Undated circa 18901893) L1bera.1 f!,bl1o t1 U,.JW:teenS: , London (Und a t d airc l890189Z) aoleo4,. Fiona, D Sp1Jt1t.ul H1a till.,.. ot 1lii' t&ilon: pman n4'1lili, tta., 1'g'O'i. *Sharp, Blizabeth ., Willi tFt;na eleod). A Memoir 0011lp1le4 b7 h1a Wit aw or t DUt r1e1d and Company, 1910. Allingham, W., 5lffi51 J:a I.r ltn.,d: .9.. Th Now I&nd -o.t-4. LOnlon: la011 tmd Company new ent'ion, lli'Em'. Ba.P.rtngton J ., !!!.!. and ot th Ir1th at ion. J>. and J Badlier ann'"ompany-;1i"J); fweUth fhouaed. Bourke, P S., Th R b ,l1cm ot 1603, An Elal;y 1n soo1 ;ty' o rel&n! 1 3

PAGE 234

Oaaey, By s.a ot 9 Ha Ulan P1tzp z ., ..,t.riiiiiiiiii> ....
PAGE 235

-gu, 1269 J.c., The Poets jlDd Poetq Munat A Sel ct1on ot !.l'1illson bj"t'he Poit ot e &ht nth cen t't117 with Poeti 1 Translations by l ee Clarence 'Man Illuat.r ted by Ol'lg,lnal. u1. and B1o-8J"&ph1cal Sleet ot the Authora. Ir1ah Text Re vie cS b7 t te w Henn "' to wh1ch ar Prefh d th ant an Unt1n1 b.cl Autcb1oph7 ot angan, 4 a Jl o1l' t th Poet' Lite b7 ReT e O P e han, 1th a wIn ro4uot1ol1 by John P Dalton. Dublin= J.-a nurty d Oo.pany, Ltd., Pouth 1t1on, 1926 with B1ograph1eal Introd otlon b7 Jolm ew Yor c P .11. Haverty, 1868. Mitchel, J ., Jail Journal. a enc.e4 on board the sheanater" teamer1 thi DUt>!in BaY, continued at Spike Ial.and .... on boara the soou e w r et er on boar4 th Dr 'l!'f hul e BtUda on boar the eptun oonT1ot lp t P m uco -at the oape ot Good Bop (during tb nticonTict rebellion) --t Van D1 'a lmd --at S7dneJ t Tahiti at san FranD1aco --at Grertown -and con lud1ng at o. P1 r, orth River, ew Yor ith an 1ntroducto17 narrative or traneaot1on 1n Ireland by John itchel. Prl oner 1n the ha..nd or the English. Original M1t1on with a continuation or the journal 1n New York and Paria, a poe.race, appendioea, and 1lluetrat1ona. Dubl1nt H 0111 and Son. 192l. wb71 T.o.; cameroa an4 Perauaon e4.1 Lite and T or DtUliel oco;neU. Glasgow: H I t.-waslibourn--; n.d. OOJ'e, '.rr G oncmoghue D.J. The Lite or 1ll1am c rl topt Be1?' y1e ana Lirtera; and an Accoun t oqmh a Life and fro He Point at which the AutObiography Br lal by Da vld J 0 Donoghu with an Introduc tion b7 Mrs. Cashel Hoey. LOndon: DowneJ and Company, 18961 2 'VOla. O'H gartJ, P.s., John Mitchel. An Appreoiation with Sam Account ot Young Ire1 nd. Dublin: Mauneel and Company, 1917.

PAGE 236

1270 LondonJ Read c .A. and Hinkaon, Strong. ot'l' oore. SuU1ft.ll1 J! P., A M Dubllna 0111 1111 a .t R1ollar4 Dalt i t!!!, Po a ot @1eh.a.rd Dalton 1111 Dll;)linl T D Sul 1 n, 1:8'7, .Anon. Anon. J.non llta. tl rt ed., Stort a Oarleton with an In oduotlon b7 W .B. Y iiter Scott, n.d. Dublin

PAGE 237

1 De v r o n.t. 11 o Slr V o l le-ge. 1271 *Ir1 Dublin (186'1 1878). t n e !'b Dt.tblla (18"141886 > ew Yorke N e w York: ew Yo.rk: pz.. der1c trt h 1f t 1onal Le 8\l! Lp!! t,s .. D\tblin, (Undated oi.rca 1890 mos>. London (188&-1892) Joya Robel"t D., B n1d. Boat: : Rob rta Brothers 1 18'19 London: S Sonnenaebein e w York:

PAGE 238

12'72 *O'Brien, ; R oolhe_ot1one m O'Brien, l. Ma 1llan ompan7 N York: o Connor T P i Jl I P!r ot an Old Parl1 tArian. D App eton an3 aomp;ft7, 19, 2 vola. ew York: oRe1117 J s., ed., n.. ot IrelAnd. B w York.e Ga7 Brother iiil t!on, n a ftepozt ot the Ga 11S.o Un1Ql'l !.J?l. Dublin: M .H. Gill and Rran, w P., IS1eh 1: Ita Hi tofy' P!one r 4 l'Oie _l1ltle on: P\ibllili'84 S,-uthor, 18'.1. *Sullivan,_ A M., w Ir a;na. Glasgow: c 7th edi tlon, n on and F rgu on, Sullivan, '1'.1>., Rooll I t1oL of TroW;)l TiJDee 1n Irish Po11t1ca. D\ibiln: a!Y, tlifers and wanter 1906. *'!'he Ir1eh J'lr e14e, Dublin, (1886 -1687). TJnan,

PAGE 239

1275 *Ye ta. W1ll1 Butler, :t,_ tter s to Q Island. Edited 1th a 1n troduat1on rae. """lte,nold Ciulbr1dge Ma aac!me tta: H rv rd Un1v rs1t)-Press, 1934 B1-!nghaa, O A H:z;a.o!nte. London: Hodder cd toughton, n tt Brooke,_ Oa FlotJ.on. A Gu1d to Ir1h es &iii! Folk-Lor Dubl1nz n edition. 1916 Dav1 tt, M , Th Be>er P1sb.t !.!E, ;-..;;:;o.;;;.;;;;.;;;;;o=. Jew York1 Punk agnalle Devlin P J Gaa Dublint M H. Gill and Son n tl. o o S:l.s raon, G & Hyde n The Re 1 .2 Wrh I,J.t r ture. Addreana 'bJ 81J'""11iarlea o J K.c.l.d., Dr G Ol'ge 51geraQl and Dr. nmgl.aa Hyde Londonz F1ah r tJnw1n 1894

PAGE 240

12V' Or !!!!_ ...... g.,.ea-, Piii!' pany, 81'd .4. 1903 B ew Yo.t-k: Henr,. ttllone J 'nle Lite a.ors Moore Bn York1 lll.n CompanJ, mr. Hew Yorltt odem Libt-a1'7 1 1926. ew Yo : Random Hou.s prlntlna11 1rtl!c ..nces.

PAGE 241

oar-, PaulI>Ilbol T 1275 with an Intro4uot1on by and CompaDJ, 1911. Pear B., In P1!t I .led. Dubllnr 'talbot Preas, lit4., n-a Peare, Tbree L!c.Qrea !!. GaJ:1g 'l'op1ea Dublin: M H Gill ani !on, f81JB.

PAGE 242

Ru S7Jlg J t Rand 12'76 r lfa Vu1nnt1r ) ,_ Olll and Son, O'Deriogbue Du: 11ru M.H. w York: The I R Ib_,lln, ( 1 31.1937) .,_ b!n !.,_ Vgobb1 Bel.t t, ( l89().l898). r1ne, '1'h !U.ddlft Years. Bo ton and 11 w York: ,l,lV1LQ11oa.r. .. vll )I llii eampany 1 'J.91'f. T1Jtan1 Jtathar1n, Th '!i ar 9!. Shadow Boston: Houghton, O
PAGE 243

l2T7 ell w Yol'kJ Dot' 1 B-0 tC:IIU t oetoru Bo w Yo : AUr Oo Col

PAGE 244

connollr tr!kn4i' Lriah !rana ne, at. J 1 York: nol4" Gibbon, 1278 w Yorke Company, w Yor t 1th an Introduotor7 panJ. *Gilbert, s ., .-J.=:;::;;--. Joaee Londona Paber d 'ber, 1930 Yor : York:

PAGE 245

1279 *GWJlUl, D.nia, Jon a d 1!:!!, Iris h J3v1v!J:. London: .-;:;,;o,;;:;;,;;;;;;,. ....... ....,..,..., Dublin, ( 1910 14) *Ih fteY1ew l'!ll,. Dub-11n1 (1911-1914). Jon a Joyce, w Yorks Viking Pr s 1939. one A B., son llaloner, 1111 J., _.. ..
PAGE 246

0' 0 *()I P a.rs 1 P H c p Plunk tt. R Robin on; L 0 1280 London: Ma n : etbaum La n e Dnbllnt Dubliru 4 0 Dubllns Bevolu... Po11t1oal l ab!D bltn aunael an d ew Yor : London:

PAGE 247

1 1281 IIMB.!a. J)Q' lift ( 1932-lHO) ............... J)u liD. (191 1916-l 9). 1!9' Lon4on: Jo than Oqe (l ). 'teat



PAGE 1

leot1 t1r t will t X u.s lLL, 188&-1881 ll'a tar be o aet 1n 1986 w 1n t "' a P a, ot tbe w be lrlah Par nt&l'7 .,..&.UJe1on po e4 w b Pa 11 e wu nee ar t 4 fhla t.t.:ret. 11 w1U be 41---1n o t n 1 l h1a 4 olin 0 aplit 1n t Iruh 1't7 .s.11 .,,. 0 port t: .. b -up t llhllll--lUte t AD4 tb1 dll _.....,. ..... -.t:h t th b 0 pltt. T r will be Pam ll th SA 1 0 ).1a t ,'18 al ,. to wbS.Oh b .. ab t

PAGE 2

479 not .oeesaey tor t ot t ttaOk w ot tbe Oonaen.t1 Prty. Per .. lit '1'7 to ot Pa 11 ong the tie 0 "Altho "" ""o .,. . .... 1 mon l!oi\U-11 1 ,. ,., on t orler a p r, 41 1 .......... -. wi!OiiOiiilliiioiiiooliioiiid' 11 Y ey art ot Rul tatlon 1n Ensl " t t 1 0 1883t Dul-1 1888-188'7 oat ntal 1nt rtly !e4 wlth t 8 Rule n r J.iJ.dt-4 Swm un. or hla "Appeal a p 1oh be 4 o tr1blted to tbe Lon4cm .!!!, on ot the llanoheater rtn'l 1n 1867. Be rel1e4t In lett r beaded Retro.peot:' 29o m

PAGE 3

!-0 o llt1on It ia, p Un 11 ro Un1 p rt t ul 4 o br o r or e It 1a 411, 1, ""1 2 J 1n by 1 nt1 nt L1 rala .n the 3 t B , unnec a 1!'1 to oint t t. l e au t t Ir1 h ou._ ... ,tor t:Mr 1-e 11 lon aln t ald about t stan Parnell. lrib Lo l net Pat_ 1ot1o d t 1ot1o Union 4 vot d ch n 'l'g1 o naa. 10 rd tt 14 o to pub11 h en att k o the Irlh rl ntarr P rt7, 4. I publ1 t aaeert1on ot Oe "folut1onal"f ........................ Rule ul4 a etrengho14 for J eui_ry th 11o AJO ahope ot Dublin 40 lr1 l t 1 Altbough not b 1ng t print ot tbe 4 11 o b tion !JJ. conn c 1 w1t it 1 ol4 nt ll:v, ga t tltl whoa article 1 1 0 e. .,ol. e, PP 128-.154 s i o. 89, 1. e. "-P.az., vol. 1 , P 2'72

PAGE 4

e1 0 t th the B Ruler at '1' a ooDA p about whioh a f'ew word hould be a 1d s Sin tbotr ein t ate o pk;ya1 1 t 1a tabU of be O roh or 1n 5 9 _or d Dlph 0 .U.U.JVU1 """1 j lned ao ratl ly qu1 t In 1886 Lo 1n Beltat, tt a en th1 111 tnt 1 *1JkP81:h1 t1tl h1 aud1 no t tb open- te to t a g o J'd would or c 11t1cm a.ga1nat Gl.a: t: 1 rio blow ftllt mell. Ind -ad, nd am 1 1 a not a th uni of Hearta" to otta t 1 Quit er1ous, how r. wa t "Plan ot 0 1gn. '1 'l' lan ot Ca lik the Departure, r d an ax1a or two parat roup n a 1n tbe w Departur at l a s. o. 1191 P 1-. Yl ;, PP 56 9 at tonal League Leatl t o,. 5, p. 1 Rule Unlon Z..fletl xo .. 16, pp 1, 3 .:.:.::=:A:. De h .2-t be Jffisl.an4 PP s:s-a.&.

PAGE 5

11 -t t 1 p lJ n t to t, tbe btl rt;a" ct or --u - Dantt he 1f' h lt .. lleb. a 7be 6 a laD4 PGllCIIA. to 1t I -1 18N &11.

PAGE 6

t t pu o of atil 1ng t 0 t1 Go t wbloh bad 1 2 ooet'a.e'a. b.ta o ,,...,aqw,,.. tn t1o 1886 to 1892. At I l h 0 -"Plan ot 0 1 4 I !,' J) tht Ir1all P .. rtic larly eoo1 ted with s 1111a ot 1en, J D111 T. 4 T, Heal ot 1t no t O' r1 1n i d t 4ia11k in, Oh J'ePhll-1ty oO'!lt14 c1 r T l>. 111 Lo to j il foe 1 1 tnt p r y ot Poe' .......,......,. nt Oa 0 e11 tu c1 to b nd Jo ot.eaey but b to thla t s bee u e 1n plt ot be taot I 1Jlg 1rk 4 t :. ltoul' Oh1t 6 t llt a nt c 0 1ng l'!lell 0 the C 111 oonta1Da cur1wa t 7 t 1an Wbtn Para. deten 1n t tr1a1 tbe Parl1a nta P1L. ly wro t I un sl 1 ot P .. U 1 cmuot ua wu i 07ed a t ab PlaA or o 1 " Adell loa,

PAGE 7

'1 1 i!ltereat 1e att bed to .. aly b oaus ot h1 4 t ot 1 oFac14en wbD beoCJile 1n'VOl9ed tn be agrarian 'QJUie t. Unl.1k Gl til'l1 J tbar1n ina 11 c 11 4 t t be had ea oppOtled U:l it tr a1 1on it 11 no 1llpo ant to ow. It 1a llllpoi'tent to know that ot t 1 .dera ot t ttplan ot 0 roua tbe ot auoh pre tatlv lana oD onn Boaaa 4 Jolm oLe%7 I o s.en' novel, .,;,o;;;;iiiOio-.!!. .....,... ... _.....,., oaua Roa to queeticm oBr1 n' a prote slana or patriot 1 ot book wrtt t n nine or o by Oft or hot II'S. b pat r1ot parl ntarr ot o4Q' It 1a a lib 1 tba obaraot. r ot t ln Ireland. AI I reading lt I aald to tile . a h1J e,e on a 11 era17 penli The -1sk J"..c!r J.ng bout a tbat be e 1an dqt.aart.ePa lD t ortlo ot the tan n r d no ce but ill bls sJ.aa 1 and tbe b tal r ot a lan4l.on b7 t en1an1 u u Wamoue OHat1 of h11 00 If it 18 tate4 that t 0 ina bind 1ng n lan4 o land a to re 1n UDbrok n 4nr1ng this ner lo and that t writer ot t t book lives o the end ot the ne tlon t wbo llw wtth b 1\ '84 not be urpz-11 1 tbe7 aee b1a 1n reoelpt ot a 11teral'J penaiOil. He earned 1t.6 7 oBrten' o due 1n jall a to ba been tbe oeu

PAGE 8

e eaun.d d 11 4 11 b.t to Indee4, o out pOken w ox.arr OppoaS.tl to the "Plan ot 0 J. -t lt ... t 1o d 1n two ot t be pub11o t lone ot t h''--h Lo7 1 encS S.o Union 1 4 111 l.aao; and o t.arr, lnt r ted t -..-;;;;.;;o.;; ...... .._. to quee ion t patnotlam 1 a autbOJ'-1. On ot Un1 -1 ..... old. ot be 'boro ott ot .A B. 18' ,_. Y lu'lo _rJ' _c11t10118 ot 1t 4-o1a-41 uont t e nte o 14 t ll' nt po agitation in !A 21 en publ .ion 1 2 e , Publloatlona Ieu 4

PAGE 9

-whio upp a e4 7 Ola4aton a I:ruh Bxeout1 quot 4 hlnl toll 1 oate4 ble _,1,-lt r6 a 4' t ., 4 tll 1t u. lUl 4 g t _.t; the who on the part ot on bind lt o' U.art ln ot 0 alp pa 4 t tight the phJa1oel tooe o niaa evll ettot ot tn ollt I. 1ft be oa or ex p or t aort ot 4e by pl'leata 1n politloa. . a prlat who o*ftnot ohat'l ably ppo d o qu1t an let 10011 up an 'Qllottn41ns to.m. w oh be b (btpp117 n qu1t au o aful.l7) o laJ w at, b7 an A"h b1a p nob oonera otber than pel'feotly .. n I:n4e 0' Lea Tipper 11 a t Plan ot c poaltl too u lt 11t1o an4 ha opo tl "Plan ot a ...... t re Jl8 o be a attair 11 dltt lt Oap aiD 0 SbAt d n .rly o uae4 I ah Pa 1 Pamell s t ... r Gal 't pro-r 4 t t d a topped writ lng 10"6 ..,........., ... .--.....iiOiiiiii .. oonaequenoe .ll.l beae dtf

PAGE 10

tl ult u.n1te4 t 41Yoro t rnwtth ,. 11 1n JICllDd 48'7 wbioh call OJ' a r I 1889 f fll a t1t1m tor B oth.-te' 1 4ult FJ h mell. 'l'be o. 11\ 1 atlona 1n41oat 4 dleoon al'f P arty. J)Qpl1oat1ng obar & 1n 'be Unl 4 St tea b7 Jo P P1Mrt1 b4 01Doncman Bo Ia, 'r 17 an tn ot r r ot the Party agfted 1n .lugu1t t t Par 11 we nesleot lD b1a 4ut1el 1n rl t otbera tbou.sl* be ahoul4 b t u t tlon at Pa toUD4 b1 lt or1t1olse4 .uoh b bad Y1tt beo l.n t Q I 1ng part 1n the a 1-al'lan a 1ta7 plf 1n e ted lt, and Yarle e with PameU w n he latt r a a a t uniona. Por ao lnte at 4 1ta _ed tbe 1 ppea at w n Pa U n e4 a trl ndl7 not 9 a r1t oal p Tbua, o a pe ltlon tot' divoro brought to t 1a1, t re w o 14 rebl 41ao nt nt 1n the Pam 111t r 11il1 Jm olt. P 539 iiiiiii!ii!iiiiiiii,.......l. DaY1tt PP 180-186.

PAGE 11

488 h lbe adel' Tbe d 1 TO e I 1 r Pa 11 or ot ba conteate4 be alao1ou lt. whioh appe re4 1n the 1 To a o u 4 tbe pllt 1n td.a ., ut.f1o1en t 6 SllllS. I lmd ooul4 d 41 o ary ., Oa 1o1& d x ot 4 t oompan1 'eat did 7 lJ..B 3 Be uta ... ne> lea per 1 tor to hla. 1mlik D. 6 b1 aoo n no GlelletOM or,. ood thin tor 8 1 thOltght or t 1-tter whioh Ola4eton wrote to tor tbe ... val or Parnell t th lederlhlp ot the lriah Parl1 nta.17 ben 1 2 a r-y Iriah etl oneU.t 1l'ho ba4 not oatalls 4 7 r1an1 1 or L1 ra11 to P. 871. ., wl. a6 P sse. o 1 p 07 nete, 1.10, 1'72, 2&5; note, sol. 228 not 241. loa no 1 vol. e pp, t6 not 11g note 1, p, 1'78.

PAGE 12

' g l Pam 11. ext t the growlng t'J.-1en4-ahlp n Ifl. h land to 1 hav been 1 4 ot tol' r n4 ring lcu!lol'\1 the n b .no 4Cilbt that tbe pl1t in a ell' Pa,-ty d\l to the 41Vot'O aae n ll h atbl era t o u e ot the latlm ot tba osbe 0 er 18, 1890. On tbe following 7 rmll' 01'8 1n Dublin tn4 I ple4s 4 1 a 1t o atan4 by gl1 h a ot t "trnlOD. Tbe a1gnU'1oanoe ot he att ella by th e n not alone tbat bey we all oft but-also beca ln gland 1. e s. Lib ral aUJ>portera ot tbe Home Rule oauae" n1n 11eh L1 al B le 8 t p. 199

PAGE 13

4190 1 to 0 expt'e 4 hi a ar t t t 1 se t ne 1 -_le t -1on U h p 4 le 4el' or-t In ap1 t 0., n1 GlAd to_ wb1oh be J.J-ed:J 1p be r hip t lPrt UP l s au a .,. n -o appe 4 1n tr tbe l8ader tro t p to lU __ ..,._ t, 1nt t Ir1 b R n Oa hol1c bie ro:ts, c1 a 1 o, __ 1n 'r n 11 noun pal., Healy w t wo k __ k 'o nliat r a, 1 o. r -ameu be
PAGE 14

4 1 on De er s, 1890. 1n o Up a1ded r n Il'iah partJ u lt 4 under hU leader bip ror t la t t lult 1n '0a1'1ib71 --or 1t wa upon th ooeaaion that 1 alled upon all who tb1nk with at th1e tr th1a room.a orty-tour bera qu1 tq to up and toll lr n 1 der 1n eJ.lenoe. Tbe wa add d to 1r n bere co ot th e who had voted tor Pat'n u t'h1 young Justin nt ly 008 bJ BO 11 t n4 pl 1 -1 wbo At: tO'l' 1rr,' 2 Lett b b1n4 la e parnell and t nt 1x ta1tbtul toll -r " L1 ra db& t ot t "Unlon ot oppo P mell. 0 b other n4, on Oalder -tt at least; mb r 41 1890, reported g aid ding 111tea 1'8 10 an4'1' Mlr ettorta abette4 y the R Oatbf>. llo Cb11roh, tba Pam 11 o 1 4 oa tr n1ma. Oeo -ph1oall7 ape lng t atr gth ot the oppoa1t1 to Pa11 ne oono tnt -ed ou aid ot Dublin wbe a, in t ot t r1ne T -na "Dublln and

PAGE 15

' 1 Dllbl1 Oount w re pl' ct 111 aol to. r Pam 11 In x. plorln t .tt th pllt it will be Sn8truot1.,.. to gr ph1o l d1tt rencea .aa a tr a d acrlp 1on ot Parn 11' 1aat at and ot reter c tor 'l'o h t oppot1on o P roell ta14 Dubl leOt1ona in :r be o1e s-1 4re 1 d. In the 11M ot bat l.e t1Parnell1 oa idate. Davltt. ap led to he fa a lab 1 4 al7 : t ua he o 1 ot oL neal eupport. ht 41t1Dg and bad n ide ble 1 111 be Liftl'pO 1 Dook Strike" o t ot:b ot t nt an4 ot tt. plo who we .,._ eo lar l7 .u-leh. (It would be ln at1n to know wh r t u r play,. 1t .... thl a oc:un tbat in ap1te ot tao t tba Un1on1ete fr Dub11n to et at t in 1 nt t O a tleoo l e Da-.1tt a ell1t a .om 'l' 4e 7 .. Davitt ottere4 to p. '91

PAGE 16

1 tor d w1tb Pam 11 de de p bapre alon ll h 7 od4 Je u er Joyoe wrote 1ron1ca1. 171 our t u4 4rJ uiokllM 1n'o P a 11 :, e And aocoJ'dlDg 'o Be 14etl So tar u tbe u b1 h 7 4a .of olet.'ioal IQpon 1 to R. rJ!1 O'Brien -. tbe ew ot el otlon 4 repet1tloat 5 In the p "le Uon o l7 d1at lnpllhed hlalelt b7 tbt uo -o ot h1 a taoke on Pa 11 I l070e, t sb li1ne .,.. old., a eo 1n41gnant :a:. oomp 4 a lol tl7 wr1 ten 71aotb:J S.a1;, a lohft 8tanlala who m4 beo ee4lnAlr p1'0fai'DitU c!urlng laat on that LM4er' ao plea a with a pl'OI pr c-t len t t.t he took lt

PAGE 17

t l"O lt th p t traoe ot e hl*t t be tt.nUI4 ln t Ob:r1 dinner ltt 0 111 n o .-ot rq 14 Dlldaluaa ao Ot1 & lp Oaa TJ or tl 4a1u 4 a t 1d nte t en h1 tabl ln a -1' d tble. t ln& 0 _.,,. o 1: r m.ll' pp 1 l 11 oo. el'lle4 a m oattlen t to. or It1lk nn1 bllcl b)' pp. 30.41.

PAGE 18

t Ylt t DU 1. 4 '1 a. 1 b 1D t ala t t, J t o t t 14 ott Pa 11' 4 10 otp in SU o. Va -J ..

PAGE 19

playi 1 1 g pla,. 1n t It ll .ref ro r t n b1ngtt had 11 ur g th Sligo t1 enc ot 'acltrr111t1. t l of he ti t bat 0 1891 1tt mell that Dtlnte ( 1n PQrtrait t olio at to t. 11tuet ion 1n lll1n it ., not be I l.op ot u J. " 'Pbe Snt nt 1on ot 1 the 11t b t re ulta s. on oau t per t bat T. GlU ot 1nt at to a. P 3l.0Q. o1. 1, p. llS.

PAGE 20

.to h!a apirD a Dublin Yet n 1n bl ae oppo 1t 1 A tbe epl1t 1890, noe ot Parnell B 1t Le '11 I.P., taroS.bl7 1n.atal 4 .. 1t d1to%' Y. ua 1a .,. hU w14ow 11%' a luebarld 111 70\UlS da71 bad llolt ta1th 1n p r ot t war4., I a 111 Ye b1 ol.4 bo _ on m1litaJ:7 s ra1n1n , outpo t 4llt'1, and ot r war11k tt r ll 11 bu. 1 0 1ne e4 1n a 4a1 t 10h tlra p a 4 in roh, 1 sl. Altllou.Sh !!!!.!!!!!!.:..'! .rou ted the ep1aode jolre, '1 aooorc11n o 17 De"fltt a pr en.t Dublin Penian wb.Oe 8 a to 'b ohi t 1n t Irish Republlo J a Boland, a ... t pte4 to put 1. 8, s. 6 e. 7. a.

PAGE 21

o he ottlc ot tbe 1 wlth P . o en 1n which Parnell 4dreaa d ln 0 Sbea 1n .TlUle, 1 tu.-ne4 hbt. t t:t law ot t bt Ca bo11o 0 .-oh e _WJ a 41YO P rnell et 41 t to wrk o tound 8 a ornin paper T Irlah De117 !ftdepen4 nt. Tlat all att t. At ahoul4 alao be aaid about be auppo.rt wb1oh a r oelng he In tlUa conn ot 1an tbe organilat1ona whlo to hS.a part beNld l>e atlotl! So tar 4, onq t a "tronta tor t n1n S.Cila wb.1ob upported ramell are n4 l"'U.pa whi h lght be 4e w11 4 ou ee4. T btlon a 41 1de4 lnto two owr the tt1oac7 ot 4111 te Oppoa 4 tbe t ot lt. 3 g p, wb1o h le4 Jom oz..rr, Th1a groQp aupp01't f mel1. Ye te, ho a 11 wlth o Le 11k be poet 4 lare4t tn bia oountrr,' be bad J4 o a me -an hla aSd t 0 a h or tbe n na, and w1U that'S. n e t Wha bel4 sea o t s, P so ..,.r-........,..,..........,. .,, P 181.

PAGE 22

0 te r'l 11'1 high 1 4 Jom o "_,_ b1 t, It 1th O'LMt711 1 tort lAtina J'7 3 " lit rary or1t1 11 t 'beo 1 u. aaaoo1a d o "trcm. t or 1a t 0 r Na8 al'lllallltnr be D D 4 P J.'t1oulu .. be att o d to la't l' 4 tio ...... whloh 1t p a 4, 'er alia 111 Rocmey AJ't GJ'1t r th, s.t noted, tatal to ita The lneter Lite 1. .. "' t :ber, 1 lng ot ..._.. v to o nature ta t 5 ll'a tat were bltt r t OeltS.o Lit 7be Jo oX.aJ-7 a f1rat to. 10.11. 36-193'7, p. 10 1 th a 1

PAGE 23

00 1 1ng. 1t re about u lt the other 1n the 1 R . .urll'tMII4 with oteal"J ln tu1n Parn ll1a ai d aly aU 4 laa week aok. land... t Y1tt nateret.7. or t DubUne r who ot nth P. ita ral4 to t ate. 1 t h1a to try to 1ntbd4at or not thia opinion ot al,- a Parnell netnly a ought to win the tavor ot t be d He att e4 a lA e ot Pol1t1oal Prillonert at7 s .l oo1at1o , ot hlch be p l<' nt ln April, 18811 an4 in troc.tuc 4 t pri ap ake:r. AD4 in t a :r be apake c 'fie aa land ow owed ch at all t at111 w1ll v to o r pol1t1oal prl onere... 1t not been to'P t t tor t apirlt whi.Oh d1a poUtloal pnacner an aDd ' rtn a t all iaa s-t alS.'t'e 1n t h heart, 14 not toda7 ba't'e an Iri taa tl t l tor.D o 1n t Hou.a e ot 0 c.DlCI!Ila 4 voted 6 0 he 0 no ., I be laat wo or P rn 11 in tbe B e ot Oa.aGD.a T N aa14 on iugt.t 1 1891, 1n aupport at a t.1on ed b7 J bn Re 4, aakJ.Dg tor be mmeaty ot Jolw1 Daly, ot Lim rlok, n . 4}'1lU11te prl.oner oon.rtcted ot tN 1 t 1<117 Pa 11 moderat and o cillatOJ7 1n 'T oonap:lr o a, 1n rica haw been

PAGE 24

01 0 Dl.lbl e wb1 h aupport 7 aleo .-;;;;.-..;;::. .;;..-..;;;;;r;;; and t ot w o 'Donogbtle 14 t 1na a '1. o. P. ot o - nit -eel 4 Irh Ut H NY1Yal1 in a lon4 B e and llo 11:t1gtn 'lbo 1 lao 14 D -ra "at rang r 3.1 1oua t 1tl\11 o oom'1 er contlnu d lad t ., 0 11 0 \\1 4 l ttec on

PAGE 25

oe A11o w.s. l'e I' .... .... Celt o t rln b cloubte4 by h b equ t oa r a 1n ed hie pro o attrlb.lted the nea1a or lt 1 1 Pal'l811 4le4 on Oot er e. tbe b glMJ.ns. be rUProtllld. xp 4 1 a 6 4 t h!l relt .. ol P 1 14. 1. 1, 1 1e. not Ja in ox. ..,., whO Stephana , at

PAGE 26

:l. ep n bono tng 11' 1nat Parn 11 .lar bOnore b'J Irlah nit r In adcU.: 1 n o --.. Mo !nYolunt 't'7 '1'1 te ,s Oft raoef\11 o 1 6 Ll47 GNg w. Y nta b7 ren 5 Robina or 11. ge J"naz-4 c lt 4 but r p 1 will -..;::;:;--. .....,..IWiooOi....., .-.caw;o;;,;:;.m. hae noted lr to enough lOJO tua. G1lbert 1n hl bo 9 JtlfC tnt t 1n Pa 11. nga 1a, 1n taot, fte t t t a1on s. 5. 10. t u 7 a1lu 10 ......... -.1) sts !!!. .! -!.!!!!. tPP 1''7 1'9 bre, PP

PAGE 27

I

PAGE 28

1 nt m oo ll 1 0 o AU Ul 0 .. 1t 7 ; *"-lit in h .. ue "" 0 1 c ..

PAGE 29

0 r, 1t ber t "P n of Oa a1gn tt nor "untcm ot l1g1on ov r t bUt. t r 1a d by o:r 11 iTO ou 1n w .oh Parnell w a lnvol atte th ot apl 1n Irieh Parlla nta -t_tl1tr ot 01 to L1ber. 1 to P D. ll exp s1 on ot t rYa 1 Part7 tor Parnell In Oppo lt ton laa4 bJ nan t 114 17 an4 a t 4 beR Oat U bie 1'0bJ'. It pre Ued -'1!1 wt t t Oaat co r m1n re .... p bly a a r ult 01 h1a auooeae 1n r'bt r.t1n t L1ntpool Dock tr1k a hla d1tor-eb1p ot .......,.......,...., orl4.. A Caatleo r,. o t ot J Jo,oe 1t unt 4 tor 1 a, wl into Pamell' a Healy qed t bao ot prieat t all t S.t wol-th an4 d1tt1nplalle4 bJ h1 1 41atrlb a lntt hla to r ohiet. It -1 ha been th1a wbloh Jo:yce to Wl'ite h1a lo t ,Parnell e.n4 h1a toea Into Port 1t 2[. !..__ !!ilekt SA 11 o led o a repet lt 1 ot bl a taoke ra:.ll by He ly bee-ue to aet h up Jamell' h1et 1'1 lin Artl.!t It eboul4 be 4tba h1 Oh1et a1.1pport outa14e Dublin a!DOilg t Pn a and ap l to t 1n auoh a :r that n.1'1tt to t 41 at ot Jo. o '/!1, llwe about to 1 d 1n r t1

PAGE 30

t ... lit t auo tu ll''bC 4 1t J en a I:n t oa plr;yaioal to e tt. u., ptl' ... pr j t oaa ot atroy t 1 atren h ill l>u 11n a :u to 'tbe b o ot .-Jtio aat1on per1oU f t or tl1J t 1ona t w1np ot ba l: .. and sroup oh 1 ao o I'PIU; tr a t r t Pb.T loel toMe partJ ., 1an.a lte1 bu be ID"'I!UKI. ln thatr 4 eft cy ot .. On cme 1:8 inater Lite 1'1 ooi ty, wld.cb. thll pa nt of t 0 lt:l LS. :NIT Soc1 t 0 cb a oullar tnt net 111 Art Gr1tt1th whloh oppoee4 ot eXploa1vea. Both _ct1 .ely uppor. 4 P :rn 11. On 'he ob -ent ot tbe Pol1t1oal Pl'l. wlth t or x . Dublin ptl'lodtcala wb1ob o 1one4 Pa 11 cau # and t .---.-:a:uw. dee :ntl an_. 1tior t t an4 ocm ributor o S.t were o nu &l1o U11g ; Dora 81 _,..on (BhOI'ter); f lttt r note4 b oa\l ot t .tnt )'bAm 1at on th lt, bUt 1t did not : eppea er P ella death -4 0 it .. P* e4 r blttet.ly

PAGE 31

J a Step. !'$ cCXUJplcntou_ t .. tu J"al and tbe ae 11c Athletic A aoo1a tton d in 'be c ort T t the t 41: t1ngu1a d lttl. h ve agre t tbe .-1..-ooatee ot p -a1o l torce. la bonol'lng Jtame 11, te not 1tboQt e .lgn1tt4 o A 11a ot t.bo ou ae4 a tl tt:JZi him w too lCJDg tor 1noorpcr tton 1n Obaptl r ot t w.b1 h we enti d 1n rete to 1n41cte t ot uch llat "" t e of b on, 11. 0 8017.-O.or ilo s. 'I t rnQ'd a ,. w UtA 1 e J01c

PAGE 32

T JWXt OMpt N will be 4 to rS.oua a1peota ot Un1on1 t oal17 18 lQl wbloh will cona14eN4 obr ologl in p t bapt r, 4 atte:t a qual1ty 1n the ohareo t r ot of Oradr hlo h 4 r.d7 G gor;y pa dox1 ll7 to l.'lb a 1an Un1on1at, tbe per1o4 tr the ath ot famell to tbe tall be Oon_ rYatiYe Oo l'Dlii8Dt 1n lVOG .S.ll oonaid:ere4. It will b noted that 4ur1.n th1a period tbe OcmaerYat1.ee, both l -h1ah1 414 a to help tbt 0 lt 10 naia, snoe ban e1 r lt ot be Un lon ot Heart a .. thlt 11, than e1 r tbl -lleh Libe_ or the Ir1 h National .Party. '1' aubj ot ter ot 0 ter XI will be brok 1nto t parte t tift t, a not 1oe t Liberal lnten-e lSVS to l898J a oon4, a 41 ouaelon ot t tan onduct ot rtain Ir1ah Unlontata 18SMZ to 190SJ and th1l'c11 t po11o1ea ot the con r tl oo.e nt ..m1oh 1ft ott1o t 189S.1905. Ill tbe th1 pet, ot oou e onl7 thoee pol1o1e w 1oh w re ot s1 n1t1o oe o lanla or tbe o 1 io renala noe will be not1o 4. IJ.b4t' In 1808 0 natlye Goyernment whlOh ba.ci 14 otttoe a1no 1886 1 defeated ln a s-ner 1 el ctton. In 1896 lt na 509

PAGE 33

\o P 1 le blU. ltH81t4 '' ot :.. .......... ._. e 1r, -to bl et hJ.a Ut11 t ... a UI.Dll'Wl J.n >ll'J. Mai!DIIl IYIIIIIIIAt.UIA it 1et7 t 8 lllt,. HGI.tllle J' 0 f)o11 l 1 ot 111

PAGE 34

511 t 7 pl'o -bly felt Gla tone ul4 not oonta1n pal'tlole -B Rule wt.thln lt coment wb1 h led U1ate tber 0 t a 1 -n, .tr t t1llt7 ru.-JIIIIft U thia aelt 14 J.*rUS.pn apx-re on 1e 11 ft l"Ul bll 'l'o ppCDI't t 1 .. b 11 t t t woul4 feault ln o aon ot R trlate_ n no 7 potttt to t oo fS7 1a Ireland, t ta l ot .fa -11 after t 110 KiD 1 llavltt la Ju -. Uted 1ta m.hlJ .. d II' 4 1n ._ J alo o n art1ole 1>7 ..,...:aao 1n bUll Dantt .,. IIlah' .. '' 4 ga1n at tbt Pr tan Pa -.;;,;;,;:;;;;;::. ....... Yet in_ '1117 pointed o t detat f1l be fa llS. who bad opp eral ele tOll ot 1888. lt will 1 s . .

PAGE 35

called att r Paa 11' r to "R to Oeor rul and 1t 1a their attitude which lend authority Rule a abort o t all the t c tone into whlo h t I .ruh P rl1 ntuwy Part7 apUt att r runall' th1 t . only one 'llb1ch t with t n1-an appro-.al Jo.hn on4' To 811 ben Jobn 1'8 a a lect1on ooul4 ha'l l)e n de st. 1. 1 l'Oa t lo o o ameot 1 reproduced a On t day att r b1a d th# 4t t ntatlonf-on ard tro tbie one and tt:'O that the aes rtlon that now 1 would be poaaible to aaae bl tbe party. But the

PAGE 36

di 1eion c1 1n 0 itt Ro 16 1U1lt 7 o red with be 41v1a1on att r Parne l l ha. d died. !ben tbtl'G ooly P mellJ.t a an4 a 1Parnelllte but now t re Wl'e Re4-on41tea and Dlllanltes 1114 alyit I>eYlttitea and 01Brlen1t n4 xtonit and oOartbJltee ven onl7 know a what ot bor 1t .1 LJ.k-the o 1 d1otat1an and w 1n41tter nt about the auco or Glad .. 8 ato le Tb1a 1nd1tt noe to t latter, aor1be4 tbe o h114 ot tbe "Union of :rts " unperturb 4 w n t aou ot Lol'da toed the Bill. ]h... deed. Gl*'-atone J'et1 4 all ak pt 1o1a oba en ju t 1t1 or Ol.ada en ,Lo oaebe17,. de no ttot-t to t aaJ. ,de he otlon of the P r an4 rr.r. 0' aaida Por tbe m nt tbe Iri.lh que at1o baa reo d d into lea a pr 1n nt plao lt ha dme ao 1n obedience to the aten and \Ul 6 o ra 1e nee t1e of the a1tu S.o O\lta14 t Rec1Jaao4t ea, tbe oa.ly Ir1ah r ot n t who op nly 41aag 4 w1 h th1a e, whl h a d11'8ot a ult ot the "Union ot waa Jobn et ,. wb.o later be-0 pN nt 1n the S1Dn P ln OYe tt 1. a. a. '1 oa 1892 to 1895 S et n rep 1ok:low in Brl t1al1 Bou ot C one a a a Inh t1 11 t arll ntarr rarty, but be al aa be oon aWe d be p.rty wa keepJ,n Lord Roae 1:'1 1n otf1ce t t Lord 0 ........ not acting ln tlw in'ereate or h'eland 7 Mr. Jobn 8 t-.n, !r&h Tl!!a, 9 19S6,

PAGE 37

51 1 lriah 1 11at p rli ntal?' Parb7 1 a t u 4 4,.1 1 1n ulted 7 X. ttl ' . or t t t wo , 14nt autl ler1oal lattr o 1ftiiUl ott. p c ll t d ao tar

PAGE 38

515 To the phyaloal toroe part;y, bowe'f'er, tba oat t=portant oon 14erat ion at t h1a t w a be Amnesty R dmondit 1 Oft t and, to low 1ng P rnell' a 1 le. t pert1oularly active 2 1n 1t. It, 41 T,. UJ 41reotq aponalble I tort releaee t n and Da be r oe1 d 11tt.le credit tr t Penta On the other bal1d Jobn nd and anot r ot bla p rty, Patrick o Br1en1 r r rd d t ra ot Parl at aotl cabo lt or tbe pr1aon re. In d ed, T tarde o wbo a t 11JQte4 the rele ot t of t ondj a14, x at111 baT a copy ot a letter and who k1n4n on th It 1 11 tl wand r, bJ opponents tor manr a Tlalt 1Q pr1aon, s ca ion I oan ne r tor t. n, that Redllon4 b attacked to, tabllah the oomplet 1nd pendmce ot ot a . In t light ot hia-6 t017 tbe toll. ln 11 et.mpl7 abeurdJ but 1t xplaln ond J'l'1 and t ext. ON!naJ"f o duct in Prot tant Ul er when 1, 2. 3. 6. 6. ule ap 189'7. pp. 3&'7.S68 .,;,;,;,;;;;;, ........ Pr1 on !!.!. pp.

PAGE 39

51 Al ou t l l7 noo\d' 1ng Oelt 1o nta y tro 1 98 to l So ta port t ( t l2b or..arJ, little Healy 0 .. 1'1 .. t exl a 1 0 et urt 1nt to a v, M uthor or later p ))11 4 b7 t On tbe b And J Jo oe ot an 1 t rest 1n t t n or.arr an4 P eu.

PAGE 40

51'1 P r ap be t le d1n 1ntell otw la wbo o be o-eiat&d w1 th t o u ot P am 11' auoc or during the period from 1892 to 189 o rd Pam 11_ ob one ot tbe was 1nte t r1ne Trnu aou.gb: to w1n trlende by bet-ttu.al In n outbur t Of 1Daooura enthuala tbe 4 Cl.aNdt 8 ere all good a 4mon41t 1n da7a,. and u 4 to go about a1nfng ''rbe Bo7a ot extol'd' 1Jl hOftour ot t two R6dmcmd brotm. r ". :mdeed abe -.ul4 e n C a t h r ion that Slr J 11. rrte and e Sir Artbl.tr Qu11J..r Couoh re on41t R. rrr o len, on tb& ott.r han4 retra1ned but n4 ar.-4 h1Jaa lt $ to th b1 e41tlag Wolf Tonea AytgblRfQ'!R!&t ld 1 el otual lntde!' oona14erat1cm 1a re bereA an tbott ot blo ot DS.a JOWl r brot r11 p rle pub11abed 1n on in 191 J obn Bo-a fa Jl 71f1P o t pbJe10al tore nt n hltl later, annJ',. a oantr1butor to Jom O'LeIT' 8 Iriah .......,......,... BJ 18'71 be bact ttled 1n A]Aba or h1 '7 at that time. In 18'76, Jobh How PaJh.ll tb:y tor the Ph1o-al toro rt7 hAd oon., ..... "" b1 oon l'ibtltin to t Sld. m1 hln1 s. 3. 8 9 to Ireland n 4 r 181 189S1 p '1,. 320

PAGE 41

518 nt d politics a p m ll1t " d t t J olal How rd Parnell uld be able o reun1t tered Ir h Prty. In any t. it 1a at in to oon J.der h1. 1n this llgbt 1n ad1ng Ja a Joyo 'a r t ... .. r o racter. Jato introd\loea r 4er Vublln o1ty aball w1 h c n . r ble reae *oe to Ot.rlea Stewart Pe .11 tnd a 11 no a a t th X:..t t Lat :r Jo pla,.er In t land I l t 0 r ra ot t fa 1lyt broth 'd look 1c d nabat1Te a o t h 1n 1nn p a oe 1n u d 0 0 < 10 I t : avlour ot I ., PP 16 l6S.

PAGE 42

519 like a Nti r t o aoola t L1btrel 1nterre.l!ll'4 ....... tr 1898 to l8V with Celtic na t tGl.lcnw rka a .bOQt oe"a1n. lrl8h a na t1 1, t be11d bet n tbe :bt1ah Oonae t1 a n4 t By 7 1 r \tct1on, 1 <>'Lee omtln ou ht cnt1 a 1 two PQlnt d rut t t Jolm btl h tent Uni mber d the Wolf , a J 1tchel were not Roman Catbolic J nd probabl d wit .nt nt expree d b7 81r S l r rgu n ao tl ur1n lrS..h Oome at iv would un1 wl h t no p r S.n Br1 aln ooul4 ..... -..-nt t 3 .._ Ill ulAn'- OOtllle . t 1 t1ve th11 oo otl Mr. Deaay pl oe t the rt , nolo -Yext t 14 fOge7 4 1 0 a J. o1 P e. net t nta ott t 0 1a lao -"" ... nta o J' t t l -in tartan t1ll1begaa Al vol. 2, s. S. 1m.&J ot .. Yeat 4. P. t52, p 321.

PAGE 43

520 o l'Ml7, oour .JJ no .'IJ)eot t ngl1eb Oana n tivea to s t Ireland r 1n4 nd no 't:llt he 1allk: 4 t Liberal 1ntene 11 b o ua t t that they a lao had no 1ntont ion ot r 1tt1ng I 1t1 e uton whil hJpoorlt loall,-, d 1 h partial o o a ted t a1o tbat t 7 re 1n t ot l T Il'i b 0 .. rv tlft wbo p an ot 1 p nan Un1on re Le 4 oa 47 It b o aen d that o were Un1on1at a ot 1arl1 nt d that ot o e aaeoout d wlth be Un1 at Dublin !!rea a in rioul pao1t1 h 41a nt and who believed that Rul un4 11 rable bee au s alonar ot pr ln the _ l1ah r t. Yet X..olq' 4 tbt Aot which 4 cr .ted tb United X1ng4 1n 1800 and p tloally atte4 that at that t all "'tbe unbr1b_ d in s Ueot of Irel d waa wbollr nat t lh\ion lJ1 18'76 II' h or 4 at ott e! Eyled ja!!!!. .......... -.-......... ..;;;.,;;,;;.......,,.... ln wh1oh OkJ l"e1'ute4 " 1 gra e obargea a-1n 1m by oute h1 gllah 1n land.

PAGE 44

521 "Bot long att rw rda the 1 1ah r1C a p r1 od1cal ported that liiatorx !! Enalan :t_ Eishtoenth 2...ntm caua1ng wideap ad diaoontent
PAGE 45

rS.o n letter In h1a oonn. tlon a ooIIWl 1 tlon o 111.,., e41 cw "1 be \lot 41 o h S.a tar bit n o be d baok l aa to 18'1 under t I rt t ._ pac-..-1m tor the Oentl$ e Tbe appeared tit r oo lu4e1l wi'bh toUowln b;rper o11Cal de CJ-1pt1on or t t "Be 1a t t 11 t r J:7 ot ot o4 m t and h1 1ntlu nee 4 1 1n 1 orating and t1n1ng y ex ea 1on ft In lte ot all tbi r ole btl oqta hlato ,.. 1 a tr1J dly O'CJ iT w .. n the lat t .er' a appe red s.n 187h 11 t rar,. pl'o lDCl whO n tor Ir Yet t A

PAGE 46

ra 523 I owl d b7 ny nitei"a the 4r1v1ng 1 1mp tu wb1oh oaua d t to begin ex- ot t ir oount their r al1 .. t1on t t Ir t t 1 bad rature.l a ot tbe p1on .-. of' tbe Oeltic rena1aaanoe 1.n Ireland," t1ng hl.a ettorta tro thia hlatoeyr t oo t 1n Ir1ah ntlqultlea" t likely t1r t "rou ec.t by t or b1a uncle, who P a14ent .. t the oaa1an1c Soo1 ty 1n 1816 and a d1at1 1abe4 aoholar ot the ano1 t Ir1 h lit h11toey and laJ18Ua 1 rot :r 1 h Hqea 0 '0N47. bad be n one .... t a den a ot Il"1 .rtd M4 tran1 t 4 a t Oa 1o a ..... t Ji1a8 ot D1a 1d 1n o a atra En 16 ...,..;;;;.a.;;;.....,....,. ...... "r1tann1c

PAGE 47

h1 to lloo loh otora 1 d to bell t t t le one 1n Ir1 h t t.d 1nep1r 4 r volut Sonary sa I d enjoy t goa lp l:lllge17J and attent1on to a grey, round. 4 d n; tar tl I ida How lonely be oplel D a be know n odyt Or 1e 1a J:T lit tl read, 'bu all a ire hlm. Be 1s our wr1tt n equal to Only atJ an4 tft1 l&bbour told that oorady ba p that tor tie't'J eloquence and enerSJ w an tba. t I wo.tld tln4 Sn o-Il'lah liter tu Only wmtt I aa ed. And old t t O'Gnc!7' talen 1t lrlded h ot the .tt ot beau o1 r1a1ng tr 14 J'Ubblebe pe. A er lJ*U dur1ng oh e4 an tbe lanohol epee a le, I ea14a Rolle at on you re go ln. o t e U abe11t Roll8 at on. o tell' tba attett w le long blaok ol 8P lr1 1n ta o X.aPJ to loo go1n oh tul't a14.1 f tl my ot be toun4 on e est Briton. but ln Ir1 S.etory, Rolla tan donned a a el.ol.lo bat, and at tendtd et &nge 1 ot oNt oc1et 1ea, p reuadln Jobft .. on that ght roua ht OCI1nbl"f I r a ot going, oo 47 1t1o oe ot oa C!J' l on hie alao been p nt d b7 t p OwJnn wbo b l1 d 'bat 2 Patr1ok Pears 1 J.ntere t 1n Ouobulain ooul4 traced to O'Grady's "etor1e ot t Red Branch ohivalrJ and valOQr -at1ng s la1n th central tl r an n noblar Aob.S.ll a. ADd ven be atblulat.a otbera to a l 1ona17 natlonal1 0'"'---" .., .. ....__lt 'fentu lly s v 4 b)' oan41 1ona 1n Irel 4 to actvocat radiCal ban eolutloo o Ireland a aoo1al 1lu 1 r. t 41ah oara47 d be n atud 1ng t and brooding deeply upon t and to great p t11'1oat1on be desired

PAGE 48

525 'o deal with tbe 11 as t I' at of u F or two year. or m otte 1n the Peasant, and tben t lr1ah be r&ppled with t real1 t1 iii4 obl ln one way or en'CJ . bl'Ought to t n rg and 1nt ena1 7 h8 bad g1 v n to t be ol4 ah1val.Jf"1 t n 1 be but \h1 t an a ion c1 hltMD1ty,. nl 4 by poet1'71 1ron71 an4 ov d hi pen. In addition to b1a tnt et 1n A r1oa and t Oelt1o a-nat ano a O'Oftdy d no. a1tatlon 1n a4YOOatlna p!:Q"a1cal toro to tboQght 4ee1rable. B. Y ate has ria 4 a apeeoh lddoh o Gra47 de tbat mght aaily ba tbe t.tt r tot enianac Be stood bet en two tablea, Q.\Ob1n.8 o or tbe other tupport 1 IPld. aal4 1n a low pellet" tins voloet ha'Y now a Ut ra it 1e not ortant1 l will be toll d b7 a p 11t1oa1 o t, t t not b ry t. port ant J _ at oo 1Ut n v. nt 1 t . t w1U be ortut 1n4 4.' 'f rellt Proteaor t4 Gr k 1n 'l'r1nlt7 Colle cnm o aohol.fr ror h1 aha 1n t 'fyrr llPur 1 r 1t1on ot 01ce o tt Un1.caut, but verr drubk,. led tl applal\M T 0' 0 4)' 4aor1b 4 t Boy Scout Aot Wbich bad just paa e4, 1.1.r tbe l ot U.l.Jn4 to an11 t lve ot t ot an4 dr111 t an ot t 1r t nt - paJ1n8 but 11 le attention to tbt a llmit' thin. po1nt1n to w. r be A\tPPOI d. n to be, tber Dill t b14 the Nb to t o qu t ot t t deoa4 nt -t1on. I knew w t ,. in b11 1nd., England wa 4 aa4ent caua 4 ratto and ao without f1nd prlnoiple it bad ua 4 biab 1a lor4a, h1a om ano ator or 11YSilg 1' 1at1Te 1t rr1 on, and later lett them dee rted an tbe1sn le Tyrrell, und: rat 41ng notbJng but t tneas ot that voioe. the nobS.11ty or 'hat tto lead be ppl.aua .1 2 In 189-'1 O'Grady " J?a1ll I!R lAa4eJt--Wr1ter" nd s be bad "lon n o onneote4" with that paper,. Tbe Du.blin bi- unequ11'ooally a Un1on1et p per and oar.dy' 1 opln1ona on the .,........,.ioiiiiiliiio ... ..,.....,..,_,.1, P .......,.iioiiiiiOoi......,.. .... PP 5041 12:5,..

PAGE 49

826 eubj o 1 pa t 1at h-1ende. y t pol1t1 tot. a wh1ob at ba appealed A c ntu17 ot A 1o-lr1ah pol11:1o b ginn 1n 1801,. 11 lalct ba ot ita Oan'Yentional Ra41oal Aria t, -.bo a aet out o 4 ToJ7 ot he un . t unlcl a 14 o 1gn In t e oountrS.a' 1 not only pona1ble tor an ugly o p ter ot 1'a1l.u 1n aUah h1 toa;y, but o 1 vlta 17 1n th 4b'Mt1 en ot 001'1'\U>t, plutoo t1o deapotla He eu rle t dubious ot t lot or Unll, r1b th8 n:na la juggl rJ w h I land. a burdened beyond 1 4 r pa 1 7 4 t .e t unplaaaant tact. ttb equ.ll,-unp14taeant 1'8n4 or led. t a do atlo an4 tore. ls;n at.ta1 t all h1 n.a -to pbae1P 7 tor C t1 t tut lta houa 1n la intended to glve tu'b 4ftraS. e cono1.atlon to the 41ac1ple an, Oeor an4 1 el :Davitt ,3 St p .anA duty ot the ar1 o h t tor fall 111 t were b t to b , pt I' 1n volume -Slr Bono Plunkett, Oooperatl UnS.on1at It Leoky y b a "L1 Nl Vn1o iat an4 Stand1eh J O'Gftdy a "P. 1a.n trnionlat., then, peJI'hapa, Sir Bonce Plunkett "' b de crib d "Oooperetlv Un1on1at For 11ke r.o:ty 0' Gl'ed'J, Phuikett to atimLtlate aeparatiat 1 e. s

PAGE 50

p In1 4 Att 1ll lSI 18 1 at Oxt p bUla 0 Un1 0 t 1t In tit P 1 t;. Plun rl oobl ot oa.

PAGE 51

14 t lo li8GIIIlCirkG.1t IIOC:IIl"tt lJl mDMtiblea ..cll'aal1"1aQ t t .Aft.. 0 011

PAGE 52

529 topp t t T.P. Olll, tbe ot a anx1oue ot t Jll0''0oon n hn r an4 eeor1 2 ader o be J t, p:JIIIII!IitiiU11bly1 ctlll be eith r d b1a tongu 1n b1 cheek OJ" d L op1n1on of tbe rev1val beoau "oontuaed and d1 k1n4 nougb to n4 In p1t of h 1 opinion o nt to e 0111 ho a 4 b1 to wrlte O\lt hlt ti t 1mp 1ona of Dublin." Att r tun r due ton o got up to got It waa ban Mt OS.U told the n we per ot which t e41tcn- orr ring a gr t cUnn r at t Sbel bourn Bote to t Iria L1tera17 fbtatre, and be hOpe<\ .. t I -.oul4 be pree 6 n a-eap e1ble tor gtvin tbt 41naer but be '1 unable to a t nd 1t b cau ot a bl'O 1 g . A ool'd1ngl7 Gill, 7

PAGE 53

&30 1 oo acr1b Tr r an4 l:a4 1n lll1nd w n 2 be wrot tbe 1111 a toJ> t;. ed Jaaper De n ol lad $ 1n aote aa ho t llutikett. p sent, t fie and tro i'1 v 4. Moo the tlo wt ot tbe gnet Ulunat,. at 1"k pro 41 6 6 soc 1e "' In 1897 } 00 to Be .... ter aw Ye ta. ton' ohel r h1p o uae .tbe tornar 6. '1. e. 9. &eat1on Of Y. a, ba4 ON1t 4 U 11 tO tor th IrS..h Aax-tcultural Organisatton bee n4 Dub11n" at ba inn&r. I... ,-, tlrat a 8 d bored Ir lan4 l"t)'D. an4 'I. o n. 1 -Un1onu ;...,;;;:;.-...;,.;;;.;;;;.c.;;:o.;;,;;:;;--. Bl'l t mnS.C a

PAGE 54

1 1 0111 t y. t an 1 J pl.J' lt be n4 t J. o 47 an 0 r lin .. :" t Irlah CU&liiiiVA" 0111 t1n41

PAGE 55

538 1 tt tnt Ot ow.s, 0111 1n tlgat 4 'by Plunlcttt to o th1aJ and be tw tbe t 7 1nve1g1 4 t tl Gov. nt J*rilal17 to auba141ae tM a 1 1c p t ry* of the W dep ,at an oppott1 l. 2. s -. e. t1 that tlwl E!.l& po.t 0 0 utw polt came at the tirat 8 ltal." V1a1t m r Edward t't;Jft a 113

PAGE 56

41eappr l n
PAGE 57

'r and 18ft c. 00 !be oreatlon ot t 5 lt atel 0 n ot Ag1ou l u.r -and T eh ot be att pbe to W'OO the Il-1th. 7 b n 4 1n o ection with land reto .1 Home Rule t eo.. Icu1 Reto T Oon rvat1 Gcrr nt '8hort.ly after 1t to01C a.ffioe e v14 -nc ot 1 ta tnt nt1on ot eont Snuing tlhe land retOl"'lla bf)-. gun 1n 1890 b7 4.#. ltour, t 0 e .. t1'Ye1 Obit seoretarr

PAGE 58

535 t t D1 iota, ot p11 d to ther 2 a te t.nda. n the c ot 0 ate4 ta.etr a B n1. glven 3 4 r 1n bout 1&4 to rr hol41nga or ln u1t bl d..--IU.1on tor p aeants wbo o nnot llv wbe 6 tbt7 -. tt. Oon rnt1ve G r nt 1n 1896 nt 1 repree-ntat1ve to I 1 land to d 1 n a o the inte ot tll1 ppo1nt nt. T. In 1900, w oaeecl8a 7 yndbam wbO mid a great p ad or t taet t t be a deeo nded tram 8 an Ir1 h reb 1 ot 1 Lord ward 1'1tl eral Thla t obllique aPJ)ealecl at le at to Kat r1n TJNID wbo ac!m.S.Nd Lord wa ex c d1nglyt

PAGE 59

. Ireland ln l.SK)2 1 I'd bad ot olve4 rSb J rnlut; tCNN4 eo n,. I lQI.n re beina a It to p 1ao 1 11 n, ., told h1 be caue 1b!' tbe 41 oant t or In4 eel, wb.\le t rlmd aug etio ot t O.lw y 1n Dublin. rt ot arb1tra ult ot h proo. .. 111 1n ton board I I laft4, 0 .. . . W)'n. m at Sba !ay.lor, 1e4 0 t the 4Ut1 ult1 ao-oalle4 Durll-aYen 1'e8t7 b7 w lOb be laftdlorde, alt ..... -"-toro 4 to aell, el'IU. !h1a t t eeul ed In w land Saw 1n 1908, tbe s n 1one4 ... P 1 Oo Gear 4 Ir1ah autbbra SMw, and J Boh and s o wr2te pla7a a ault ot tbt prQdua b1 t Abbey b7 011 r s Jom o arty 1n Unit 4 Irl wo 7 re 1a r C olUJD 1n woil 1m11ar eub1. e. ................ In a nc&e to a written 1 1 hl ae;-aao .. !!!! Ire!tf!4, Pal't 1, pp 286

PAGE 60

I Slaw put 1 a. a. ,, In. erne. bll 0 .. ot hu ec!lt plaJ' be tint t ocwt .& h1b 14 nd NOn uGb a t;b. le. .rgm otS.cm t h lt ba ' a tollon. t 1 p will 1 3Arq 91 lou a.asw:.bly fA u

PAGE 61

1 "ll oon b - b4 t LoJ'd btlp bel 4 .att o 4 to t plaJ n 'Wl' tttn a be request ot 1111 Yeata, a t.-1o lo o ta-lbu ion o tbe ot the 1eh Lit r'1 " InoJ.d ntall7, ln h1 PJ"etaoe Bmw or1be4 elt !n'Y t1 rat Rep bllotm d Rul r 6 land ret nob 4 ln ocmn ctl.cm with tha dhua ct" a 1. Jl. e who contrl u.t d a r1 a ot articles to t lm4, SJDge, bonv r had llt le talth ln un reto b 11ev!n th r 1n t restoration ot o na lonal lit to Ole I t e at lrS..h pollt1 n 1c or r1oul l retol"'U, tor ld nc:* S.tae t ke tlonal Ute lt lllOb a lite poaalble than a 111on OH rS. a 1th r.newed ltte ln the oount17 1 o a ot t t da ot gov rn nt,. and hold in. or pt'optrtJ, would 1 v1tab17 ta p ao-wb1oh would all t n4 to lit 41tttoult 1n bad ,...,., d 1n t wo.-at 4utr-1ota or yo Ul4 o ,.e Rul nt erv a tal oonalc.\ ratlon. ., bad. at 4 that o rtain olauaee ot t l. a. s 69-'l> 6. e.

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lt to 1 nt ot of 1868 a ld be de appllo ble 00Qflftquent 1 1n 1898 an ot lt oh t powert\ll Un1on1 t looal G plaoed b7 popqles-1.7 ted Oounty O ella. lite rr t rdpo1nt th1e Looal ao.. nt Act tor lr land el 1fto noe lt p pa d war tor be wh1oh a 41:Mo de1oendant ot th Irish L1 erarr Ino r to undo tand thl c to paea, t w rr e a boat h 1no pt ion tba Iriah L1teral'J Tbea are neo- tr1b\\ e4 t b1 rt,-n, all or t Irlah Lit NI'J' fheat,.-. to 8 who, ot caure la turn ha tt lo o wri a pla71 a early 1890 At tt.t 7 t be l1v S.n an Oxt'o f 1 " young baroMt tr In the ai In Ball ot b1a tr t tho bad b h with bJ.a a JD.J but tailed to tell o hla own un Ul 1 tlon tt>r a plQ whloh rt111 wrote t abOQ hie l, 2 s s. P 13 e 7. a. V!Val, P 59. 9

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.. -1 t t t t 1n wh1 h Y t1 110 1 collab 11 h1 mt. to lea l.nte at 0 1 3 late;r,t s.a hll p 11 ., t 0 u 1 ' pla71 in Ye t t rlyln 18 a. per hi a l&ct t 7 ON ,014

PAGE 64

er 1 r, f l; l out out ot 1 - 1 J r..-4_ Yla1t -to t r ta Jdns a t at rea 11 t l1 I 11 11'7t e.1ll.-ntse. a ot t be o beap la un ot opln1 -It M n ', 4

PAGE 65

542 lo o la t co p10UC111. the support r w .S.ll toun4 Aubrey 4 V re, who thought B Rule lsht k lrel. l.eaa l7 tban De o Jo or..nJ t .PellilinJ Lord A _ll.aun end Till el71 Prot eaor W .E.B. Leck7 at3d Wllllul Ot 1&nJ t Duo be a ot t 41 Alb na d Jolm D11lohJ Lol'd Dutt rln and Douala HJd J Prot a a or batt,. and John Re Cl14J w1 h 1r Bono Plunk tt, Slr P tel' ot 1 n (tbe 'Patel" the Pack r J an ,.-low. Emily t.w a ny others . H t Oonaervat1 propoae4 t at an a tn1allt7. Por w n it w a found po albl to ae u any on ot t thre playa "t the t aJ-tyn ob1l1 4 DU lin t t lleenaed to p taae persuaded meJ:Iloe ra at P r11 play 1n an7 th t cNlng re to b 2 autfiolentl.r low prlo I .w.u.A-..tt and Sa aly" 1 lAdy G%"egory .nd dward ...., 1 "bl ..... ber .-uyn Ou e uu o 1 th1ng ebo:tt th1 DIW obataeles Bo.r !! A ttnl r1 ot ttott-t on t pu-t ot tbe Oonaerftt1ve Gow nt to woo the Iruh y be .ted in conn ctl011 tr1th the Ir1ab Pro-B r sent lmen In order to t d natu or tbeee etf'orta, lt

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543 eems ad'tl able ti to lnd1cate l s..b d1 ocmt4nt w1 b t war. Tbla 41. oont nt 7 be x m.plit dy .. io 1 Davitt Shortly atter tile u ot the Boer ar, Dat'ltt re 1gn d 1 2 trom Parliee t 1n 41'lt aay1nsa I tor to 7 are tri ct to appeal to tbe ne iuet loe in th1a Bou.s or C lt I 1 oonY1noe4 that no juat oau e, no oauae ot :r1 I will e..-r tind pport tl'O t ot c unl 4 up b7 ( oua ot C ona, 26th October Subsequent l7 11 be lned 1n h1 p t c to 1'be 1!!!!:. t Y lted AtJ>1oa to get tbe B r'a v r ion ot APlBR 1gn1 1n Ootobei'; 1ag9 t a h1Ch I bel.le teenth entu Tran v al to a e g lnet whoe 11bertr ud out Tb1 book e all t raot d into t ion whlol\ I ob-1net 1ne'!" tain 1n 1nt eroour 1 t 1 a ra and p& pJAt . It el 0 oontalna tbe 10111 WhiOh toll. d t;.-om a f ontha t olo e oont t wlth during t lr tl"QQgl.e to r a1:n tbie1r 1n4epe..deno It y ba tb1 bOld wh1oh won tor Da 1t 5 the tors! n a ot 'I ta, who 4 be n a l' a .mell1t 1 and tbt en 1m 1ae o.t a tree! ot o bl4 tl d tro gland tull ot eJ'lalleDl Ill ny vent, Yeat a d1 oo r p. v.

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Da itt 0 b writ l', a inter, lnd l .rt1at ot ao kind'" a "p t her* a I think tor Utt b tore b1. d th he r pl d to a worda ot oon at1011 I aent him at l' t e 1n wblch d hla eeat 1n he HO\la of C w1tb a COUJlt of proJ ot o hl tor ,_... prov.\.ng t alit 7 ot th Ir1 h repre there .1 And 00 la ted to 1 lar praia t G1ll'a national! 1 ttu1te inc :NJ t fla dot n't buJon 'Yeey t rc ly, but t ben a natur 1a not at natur lik Davl tt t d our n tut-a g1 ... o rlook the plat1tud only ha t y a o bl ot gi.tng.e In Atrioa D v1tt t et ot wbo t. Jo Br old 1n ltat, during tb a r ar that Genenl De et r. 3 Pam 1. o slat nt th1 atOl'y that 1d:ael Dll'fitt telt oalle upon to 4 y lt 1n oorpcrat d into !_ lL. account ot De et which Davitt a tlghtin.g tor t t to r 1n t a gdew oht.dbenOl" xertiona of r. John aequ 1n ed w1 two Ir1a who re J obn c 14 Cld Art r Iqno r ot 1900 when he 1 it d t Irieh Bri 1z 81n Jobanneabul' oh1etly by t 6 s-14 a nat1 ot yo EYid ntl.7 Davitt told oBr14e ot h1a "project .tor 1mpro ing the quallt7 of the Iriah r p eentat1on" 1n wbioh t.d nt1one4 to Yea1is cau a %'8 t r oBr14 wrobe tor Joutnal ot h1 oanveraat1on with n.vltts

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545 I t n x .pl 1ne4 view to hlm, say:lng that under no oir-cu atancea ooul4 I be 1nduoe4 to beo a ib r ot the English Houa ot 0 ona, a I did not belie that I reland' beedom could b gain d through the good graces ot the Eng-11 Parl t _nd people I 'rh eo d Iri hman, Arthur Lynch .d gon to the Tr ns ... 2 vaal as war o.orre pca4ent tor te J'ournal111 ot 3 cBride howev r, Lynch greed with Da itt's Unlike tor 1mprov-1ng the quality ot the Ir1ah :repr ntation" at e t ln tert In the t 11 or 1901 Colon 1 L)'nch was el cted by the Ia t1onaliat ot as a candidate tor Parlia ment. He stood to repre ent Gal ay and was overwhelmingly euoted, ce1V1ng thNe vot to e &'rf one caat tor hie oppon nt. He bas not yet ( roh, 1902) be n advised to ette pt to take h1 aeat. This leet1on, together with the 1nvolunt ry e rs 1n P rlia nt giv by some ot t Irish mb r on t"eC 1pt ot tbe n wt of Lol'd etlluen 1 1 oaptu:rre and defeat by De la Re7, bas x aperated tbe Br1t1ah Gcrremment beyond ure 4 Ino1d ntally 1 1n 1903, L7110h was eentenoed to 4 ath tor tre on 6 after a a tate t r1a 1 1n England,. ot which Iter Oaa t, who was 6 later to bear t: aent oe p d a sa 1nat h1mae lt, ,. s an '1 tnt rest d peotator. Oeorgelloo George Moore's di1content w1th the Boer War led h1 1nto hoet 111ty towards a propo ed Anglo...A rioan alliance. In hia autob1ograpb:y Y ata wrot of Xoore'a conduct aa tollowat Moore, drien to trens,-by the Boer War, bad aome project ot lecturing 1n A r1oa against an Anglo r1oan alliance, l. J. J&aoBx-14 1 'l'he Ir1 h Bripde 1n South erloa. Free n April 13, 1907-P 13 Divltt, 'rba BQer vrtar Freedom, p, 322. 4. lqnoh,. a r, PP 41-42. Pavitt, Thi Bo r ?!pJot edom, p. S24. Or 1e -4-y;-d r ei't, Treason. Encyc lopae41a B}'1tean1o 14th 4-. vol. 22, p .friS. s lP C.E. Curry; d., SU' Rogex; Ca ement1a Diar1e P 20. kl:r

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5 6 muoh tal d ot at tbe t 'I ball b be h1 lt g (I :t.d retua 4 to go w ue,,an.ol.,e ot any y do t Ang o t n becaus it w1U help to our 1 te thlnk about tile tcnmd ion ot l.tt and lett rs, wbl Ch tbey certainly do not at pr nt. To tran mute tbe anti aU)l paaelon lnto a pa 1on ot hat again t and met r1al1sm reon Bnglan4 ba toun4ed her worst lit 'ba hole lit that she en ua, alw _Js b e1n clPe ot lne, and oore may help 1n that tr. utatlon. Davitt oppo ed th1J proposed alllanc. v n 0 'figoroualy tbm Mocr an oro a the Atlantic 1n aucce atul ettort to bav lt -lee d by t United S tea Senate through t Irun 1n-2 tlu nc on t -bo4y. T e nt a ut th Boer War md led Davitt to belie that K - lit -.-"t q"'*_ 11.,_ of th Il'S.ah nt t1-" ln. 00 uu.g _.....,.y -V3 _, .. ,_,. farlu t. At eJQ' ra S t 7 bee before h1a eath 1n 190 D Y1 quite tl'1&41J .n4 ebortly at d George oo-1n founding n t1-oler1c 1 n p I a 1 d t ooura e and League agitator. olutlon of tbe old land t ben Davitt oalle I run. to open the door tor h1111 the anl7 n tGr whom I o t t 'f1tt cUed and att; rwarda be no ay ot 1p1 b i.a oountey xc pt by wr1t1ng a aaored boo ' Autobi-ograpl\Y wa an unuaual form tor a aored book, but b red st. P ul I.edy Gre gOI'J X.dy G gory d1 oo n t t with the Boer W r not aa

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'I aMlllt t t -all7 t -S.Ca 8 l .. -..-11 ., 4

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548 YOWlg Irelcd ove nt ot the m1d-c ntul"J' But Burtan 1 n r a politic 1 atJ10D*Ust, nor a ck-or the jotJ1ty ot Lad a gor.v ry ext t o 1rcl ot f'r1en4a 1 en4 1 11 doubttul 1t e'Ver b o a pol1t1oal at1on lilt a t ,bat te uDd ratood 1n th old dar ot PamU, Gladstone 01' edaond. Her early Clay a bad be n de ro tic, aa abe 7, and aom wt.t thrill by the apectre ot An a y ot PapS.t grlm 1th a green tlag o'er t R d coat and black police Pl7ing betor : th Her 4 be attack d by the Wh1' an4 tbe attack ba4 be n 4r1n ott by h r tatber tiring h1a gun trom the w1n40tt. T n be too, me Jolm O' .Learr, tbe Pen1an 1 ader of r obiidhood and abe alao tound bl obarming and lOY ble. So eT n olut1ou"J Xat1onal1 loat 1t ru.o1ng ap ct. Yet to ott t t r rk ot Ir1eh orl4 cui lcm which lgbt a4 an tot blnk t t X.d7 Gregory wa apt o take a pro-Br1t1ah tand 1n t B r :r, tbe wolllda ot .s. Blunt aDd Georg oare a 14 Lady Gr pry rselt baa tol.4 bow he ttrat ce to ow 1\Ult 1n 1882 when led a re ... b lllon a 1na Br1t1ah 1 p r1al1a in Bmt All t t ato la told 1n h1 a o ret Blat 0'1!7 of t Ooou-pat1on ot EQP 'J r oo a t t on at im-portant supporters t ird ousht on 'who 1n early lite had be n en hu1iaetlo a4vooa te ot tre doa 1n tbe aat, nd 1r 11118 Grego an old tollowr ot Qla4atone and Liberal and 'lbo d nt than one tul to at waa thl t l ding jout-na 1 ot urope ('l'he T ) g1Y1ng tb atlonal1at alAe It 1e rdl7 too JllUCb to aa;y t t Gr orr a lett and 1ne ap oJ.ally h1a. r largely t an ot obtaining a reap1te tor E pt tr t danger that t at d btr. '1 Iedy Gregory bad written a 4t oe ot Anb1 " ar ago'' oung wo n, ey arne t who 41v24 d r tddle and wore it -ooth lt r 81de ot a bl'Oad and br Her e w r al.waya tull of qu ationa, a d ber Prote tant -b1gh-eobool air oa r -atl:y .s. Blunt,

PAGE 72

549 and t nged tr bar. t n ot aaeuJ' 4 pu\ t1on 4 the al the beat read1n ot he t -r tables-. The" a nc* bins, howe'f81', 1n b&r o vereat ion to -..sse t llterarr taoulty, and lt a aurpria to to bear on d&J t abe ad wr1tten1 a ppPblet in det no Arabi Paaba. n Egyptian rebel. gory 7 ba-.e at ran d Koor., her tr1endah1p with Bl t continued tor on roh 29 1 , t; latter wrotet I.e47 Grego oa to and talked oh about Ireland. She baa now beom a at1'0Jl8 at to Uat, and haa been bue;r 1Dg bereelt about tbe t tl to-r teJ. U I we well enou h I euld go o r tor t 1n ,. .a Ino14en ally, tb& mae ot h1e t r1endab1p '1 hiT& l'e sult d Sn Bl.unt "t171n8 t11e o ot the Ouohu1a1n epi odes tor Yeat to 1 out nest ar 1n .hla Ouobulaln oyc1 ot s play at Dublin" 1n 1902. In t1Jt7 v t' Bl: t did not repot't Y a a a read7 to produce the ra 7 wbioh 7 ba v been 6 t1n1abed lb 1908a until 1906 and wben it f1DallJ' na pr aented at t .Ab 1 1n 190'7, Blunt "eaton1 4, wbE I l44y '1 Gre 80"17 laa t lh told e it wae put ott" 1ndet1nlt 17. Blunt; who ono 4 aorlb lt "tbe la at tbe a ant1Imp r1al11t Oonae"at1 1 4 o14e4ly boet1le to Eng9 land 1 oon
PAGE 73

550 1 Swlnbu and Jtlpl1ng for their 1mperial1 nd n disgusted by his to r e lOJee. Oear Bern" Shew b oau the latter 2 just 1t1 d war on 1: oera 1n aplte of the tact that be a a t & ab1an Soc1al1at. A a r ault 1 Blunt wa viol ntly attack d 1n gl1 b A tor nt ot n w paper abue had fallen on satan b olved. '1' 1rat notice were talrly oderate, but the war son and more a nat our ArsJJ..7., they ha beO o v1nd1ot1 They b pn by ad.m1tt1ng that the poetry bad s eloquenc 1 then they found that it was clever, but vulgarJ then bla pbemou YUlpr, and stupid. Bow t ccn e tlon 1a extend d to all poems. It baa been discovered that the 'Song of froteua w r a plagiarism on redith' a odern LoY t r and that 1n the r at of worka I hav b n ev r a1nk:1ng d per 1n the mire ' Lady 0 gory took the a at _nd that her friend BlWtt c:11d. Evidenc of th1a 1 41n a lre lana wh1oh appea ence to J or oB-rld 'a nown a a a ult or h1a activities 1n Mayo 1a th county to which John o rid tbe leader o.t Ir1ah Brlgade b longs 1 but I beard or a balladalng r at lllnd reen, n ar my Galway h the ot r day whose retrain ftat 'And rln w tohee tr atar, with joy and hOpe and prid Her sena who lltri e for l1b rty 1 1 d on by Jobn MacBrld 1 6 Effort ot tbe Oonaerv. t1"f Iriah ProB r S ntiment Aa rem die for this widespread pro-Bo r aenti nt 1n Ire

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561 land the Oon r t1 Oo
PAGE 75

tight 1ng 1n t 1t1 a of 552 On 8 Patrick' Da7 the wtuoe ln hataa 11Up o t t t be arins o k o aJ!Oh l'lth a o tor whloh 1 an rnc or t mp1re cOQl4 lMt tlogge4." a In plte. of ooncea S.ona, T.P. oc -or n4 T.M. 3 al'J, wbo Wl'O tha h B ra h p1417 w r, 0 Parl1 4 nt be. n nt And be 0 0 ealy, 17 ao let olar le d with Lo S.liabtll'J' g09 mtbat the purpo ot the 'f'1t to Dublin ln 1900 w o nabl Queen Vlotoria to t be r ---to haY b en al.moat the only one who aoo p d tblt 't'1a1t and the a : ook d1epenaat1 ln tbe spirit 1n which the two lr1 by reto ea \U'e ot H Rule and atu a ot tr1end.ah1p. In one tter, ho taxat ton. And 1t pJaOt1oally 1 ored Ir1ah 1 nt nt - too, t.t .t lated t Oelt1o r laeanoe. bin t lat1oe OOft!!!1a R!port or tba Oh11del'a a e publlo 1n 1896, all o:t. a a a ln I land un1: to proteat t exploitation of tbeir oount17 bJ' gland t ugh o r-tuat1ont

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53 At 0 Lo O'a tl o r calle t o ton riots that to:r.4 tba pr lude to tbt ar ot In4 pen4enoe. At L1mor1ok, Lord Dunr v at ant, pree1d d at a eting t etber with Doot ,or ofl>w)rer, a Oathol1c 81 bOp, nd J Obil Dely, a 1n.l ro the atandpo1n ot t 1 fol'Oe ov nt nd tbe Ir1ah lit rary r v1 1, ow -,.,., the oat 1nt ongt t1v a whee y be aaaooiat d 1r1th b1a pl'ot Qona r aga1n t overta t1on S1r Bdwat'd Oaraon, Stan41ah J O'Gr dJ and dward art,n. 1r l'd Oaraon Peouller 1ntere t y be attao d to Sir B4 rd Oaraon bee us at later 4at to beoo leader or the .,.. nt 1n U er top. Parl1 t rr. o emf rrlng B Rule on h-land en 11' t :l.e r qutred a Oac r 114 a fl"1n1tr Oollege waa 1l.4ly tnt rest d in 0 ltlo le rn1ng. Yet 1r n A.J. B ltoutt waa Obiet 5 Sec tan" tor ZJI811m4 ( 1886-l sn. 0 ra beca r1ster and d b.1 reptt t1on crown proaeo\ltort beo a Q.o at the Irlah bal' 1n !_ oallAtd to glUh b r-, and took a1lk tbt 1n 189' eanwhile bad r tumed to iim Bttltleh arl1a nt ln 1898 Vnlont t r tor 1 o-.n Unl ralty o r Dublin and a tor tew Jlontb.a aolloltor neral tor lrekncl. He ntered Par11 t Jut n r. Gladatme a about to male a OCll14 ttort o pa a n lr1b. B Ru bill, and be belp d to detat the asure.6 beoo celebnted enough to b caricatured 1n a. un

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554 1 Vantti p -ir and 1n 189 s on t ot o r aort by auoo ot moral obliquity" tully pro eouting Oao r llde on obar at tbe t1rst 5 atter t jury had 1aa N tl"1al. Thua, Caraon "de 4 r titut1on tro t Br1t1ah Oov nt the on y wbi had be n ale n 8 out or Irela d y 1 tu t1on. Oaraon' a rebel11.ousneaa a ahortliv d tor 1n 1900 0 aol1o1torgen r 1, a poet whloh he 11 the tall ot Balfour a Gov '7 nt 1n D o. 1905." Stand1ah J t dlab J. 0' Grady nd Edward art,n a ot peculiar inter t b oau e ot t 11' oormeotlon w1tb the revlYal literature 1n It-eland. oG lread:y b n deacrib d an &nlrer ot 8 bitman, a Oon r 1Y 11 land r to er md historian. Aooord1ng to .s. Y at oo dy w s bitt rlJ i ppo1n d tbat tbe Irlah Oona M'at1 landl01'41 tall to oar out thr t whloh tbt1r r pre nt ttves had m de on bearing t t I land waa o'Y rta:ud,. 1. 2. 3 7. e. He w ot landlo atook base4 all h1a bop tor lr 1 d upon t t atoo .b ht a prav1no1al wapaper,. boped, rtna d lt a auoc a, o buy up otbtr prOYSno1&1 pe.pe-ra t1ll h all tba prav1no1al n papera 1n Ir land. 17 would lie p their 1 al newa, but all would contain h11 art1 1 a, all would roue be ge try to t ir duty. wrote pa blet publiabed -ekl7 re..-1ew; the the ourr1ng. A famaua paaaa deaorlbed the downtall and flight of t Oathol1o ar1atoorao7-la nt d by the poor, aung by po ta, ut th 1r ooeaaora, he crled out, would pa a unl.amente4, unsung In mot r, tk1n hla hougbt upon he poorer gentry, o 1ng P MO. pp.

PAGE 78

comparedt bunter t 'Oh, 555 ot l nho\Uld ta bet n bounda, when will you begin to bUnt'? t 1 To eluo1dat Y t1 1 remarks, noted. that O'Grady who le eaona 1n Irleh h1a tol'J to at late revolutionaey 2 nat1onalJ.am 1n ot:t.ra, 1n lgoo bee "own r and c11tor ot tbe K1llc!nnl Jloder. W the llt ra ot the All-Ireland Re-.1ew, 'he 1 tter being 17 publlebed 1n Ireland. n4 1n bruary, 1901, an per1o41oal announoed t t he w a about "to bring out a rle ot won to b "The Library ot the Bo a" t1ret YOl baa all-d7 be publlabed 1n tbt torm ot a book t r. T .w. R llaton, nt1tled t 1n.at1o.n and Art 1n 0ta lio L1 r tu end ll.r o Grady o oee two other w
PAGE 79

Yeats, aot t r!7 1 1,.. I The II!!.--r pe 0 It ot 0 a ... 0111. v1 1 't'1a1on. 1' 'X te 1 t ot liftlt la 1n in lGOl1 n .,., to bl1 n w pla 1at which Ge lorda 1n bia f!!h PP ll ; PP 251 3 July .uo1, P 1.

PAGE 80

5 7 l 0 Ull1 1 H1 con r 1on to pa t1 e ,.1b 4 b7 Den1a to the nat1on 1 B v1v 1, LeoJq .. t.ah n -tory." nd, by no, tot R t. It hort t r b1 o h r' d th t rtyn r v led h1a oonve!'al 1 1a u4 The pan, artJll re I. 4 1a c giatret and Deputy-Ll.eutenant r'tJil' oonvera1on nd uba qu nt aot1on 1ntlu noed th ar rs ot rge ocr and lr oe Plunk tt. Den1 01r)'nn baa attr1but d ocr a pJ'o-r a t t 1ft tbe B r ar to o PP 314, 63 8Q::stJ'. rtJZU

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Oa 1 n P 2. .. 5 8 of bop e I 0 t r -rlu nt 1a 4 helped t 0 tound t 0 Un1t 4 t

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659 1 to the 5oo1ety and 1n de Geor Ru aell editor or Tbe ot cooper tioo wblch Bor.oe Pl ett had begun to I p a oh to Irlah t r Aa toP t ort, which ao profound diatur d Oar on, d rt)'D1 it 4 -btd1nt ou1e ot 001DJIOI\. a 1n 199'1 and tbe Oon n tive Govern-nt put th qul tu on 1ts The otion d tor action on t p rt ot Parl1a nt tt.t 1JOU ld pro 1d re dial leg1alatlon for tbia n1test t1.soal 1njuat1c ,but it 4etated by a 1n1 terlal vot or aa 1n t an r1ah nd ( r1t1ah) Radical vote ot 15? S Tbe eara 1892 1905, tro-. t atan4polnt or Un1on1a, were a1gn1t1oant beo u 1t a Part7 al,lperaeded b7 Ir1ah c o lt1c nalaanoe. 1a !'1 t t t H Rule a aa a atl to the 't period began with a Lib r 1 mtJutn t wh1o.h laeted ttt 1992 to 1895. At tb1a t1 the uns.cm ot arts" reault d 1n an att mpt b7 tbe Lib ral Party to paea Glad1ton a B Rule blll tor Irelarad. but tbe a tt pt waa thwarted by th Houae ot Lorda. All the ant lPam.e 111t exc pt John Sw etman, 1nta1ned t ir unit d front 1th t Li r 1 Party art r th1a ta1lu 1n ep1t fl the t aot tt.t Glad tone r 1pd trom the leader hip of 1t.

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80 Ont ot r t o n dl. e 0 .. rl "P.r-D 11t l te ohSet' a 4lal1k ot c t "Union ot I r 'd ir l lon to "oles-1 1 41 ti .. 1n 1 tr a m 11 poln 0 or ; t .t, nt to tbe U r al t l4 not rtlle. n w 1 111 IOU t win t r 0 0 t' blaer. ........... _, nd, eo tar 4, Il'1eh a me t t 111te lnt s1tate to 11'1 lt oaaa rt, Jtti ula l7 bJ Jo 14ent 1tle4 wtth thle c -t l t 1 leh 0 1 1c naS..aano. l a bJ'. c It r 1 0 lt1 1 no J pol1o1e Oo o 1n X.lah t bJ lt o t r a t Irl Un10biat wh oon o t n o d t ltlc o 1 lluat t l t o it. T tbre n o 1 P

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661 bout Ir1ah blatory 1n the 1ghteenth century o uaed a renal anc of patr1ot1a 1n Oon n.t1v_ o1rclee and who lped the oa ot lrlah eduoat ion and the Xrtah Agricultural Organ1&at1on Soc1ety 1n Parl1amentJ Stand1ah J., otGr 1 "Pen1 n Un1onut" who ocm v rted ny to voluttonary nat1onal1am l)y b1a writings about Ir l.&d'a heroic ag a; and Horaoe Flunk tt, ' "Co-operative Un1on1et" whO a1nl7 re ponalbl tor tbe oreatlon ot tba IrS..h Agt-1 ultural Orgm1at1on Soci "1 o Grady and l:1.unkett found muoh to auire 1n tbe United State a. In addltto 01 Ot-ad:f a ha1le4 b7 Yeat a o' N 1 one of the t ot he Celt 1o renaiaaanoe. Anc1 Plunk t at .. cmd1t the atabl1a nt of lnatwot1on tor Ir land xt nt ult by 1nt reat 1n land to .. nt ot A rloultural 4 T ohnio l Con r tlv Gov ernment na to lat r1 ttorta The or at1on of t Depar nt of A z;loultur. 1 and Tecl:ml oal wtruotlon w aleo due to tt. ttorta a f.P. Gill aa edi or ot tbe Dublln E!R,w !.t wbioh lunkett oon\ rolled.. Gill unit d th R dmon41 with the Irlah Oonaer t1. 1 through t hia obanMl. Tbe.retore. 1t helped to promote tbl Oeltlc renau ano b7 publlabing -..1t1ngl by TW Roll ton, A.E., Ye t Egllnton and Geott ow Purtbe or it a ought to oourage tb Ir1ah Lit rarr T atre, p rtloularly by ta oua dinner 1n Dublln wbloh 1 attended by oh oelebr1t1e Jo o X.aey, dward art,n, J Taylor, Dcu laa H7d and st <11 h J. O'Grady, 1. H-.A. oto dy, tand1ah _J ............ 0'01!471 Tb1t !!!1 and riter, pp, 80.

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sea ln a4d1t1on 'o he oontr1buto all' ac:ly na 4. Ho r tbe nd ot th allSano bet n the R on41t a ud t 11 Conee t1v a ea aoon atter th1 dlnner wben Redmond as de ad ot 801.'1 8 that th un1t d 1ah Parl1 nt a Partr. Tbe jorlty ot the reun1te4 Part .opposed to wlth which the Oona l"ftt 1 Gov rn.nt lght be aaaool ted,. auch, tor ex 1e a tl Depart ent ot md 'f obn10al ln8tNOt1on ot whioh P1\Ulkett :t.d been d VieeITeaid nt and 0111, a.Deral o tPJ Tbe Con r t 1 Oo r nt sought to win Ir11h t riend U. other wya U by t oreatiol:l ot tb1a Depart t 1 but at the t 1 1t ga e'9 1dene ot 1nd1ttereno to Irlah op1n1m. B t -e--1 o r w.LI.4U nt'e 1nt at ln lan r tol'lll, Rule, m4 t tao 1tb land r torm t ot wo Ohl t o t r1 a tor Ireland w aeaoo1at d -rald ltour 4 George Indeed, tbl WJildha .lot at adra1o Oolum and Geol:'g lated oh 1 1-known Iria n a a mud Shaw to writ tor tbe tabliehe lr1ah tlat:re. Pu , l.M s wa a lao a e o-elated with ettoJOta at land to a t mpted by tbe Oone r Rule the o at1 on ot 0 aunt "1 Ooun lle tm4 the Abb "' Thlat were not ct. T to er d1am .1saed t t latter was onald ted 1n a detall a 't7 1mportnt el t .in the Celtlo rena1Min0 T pert ,. oh a OCillel"ft lv Irlh B4 t'
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563 pla d ln t tound1n ot h Ab '1 ?.'heat a g nerall'f b n under t1 ted,,. 1t rt'1Jl' bio rapber y belle 4. rt,.n 1 a tnt Ib en can b Qblln 0 Ye ta, an4 at7 and Y te bee 1nteN t ct 1le Yeata waa v1a1t1ng artyn at Tull7N The fN 0 Ol'J aeoured pled a ot financial port to-r t pr.ojectt pa14 tor tm pro ot1 '1'be o ann ot ion b t a a a tter ot tact 1 art}'Jl a .otually 1ah L1 a re and Rul. that the Oonae t er to o 1n'o ex1 tem by taok1ng a p 1aal on to ita Iriah Ocnmolla 111. T r ar w a not popules-1n Ireland aa 1cbael DeT1tt Geor Jloar and Ledy On ory te t 1t1e4. Davitt, althou r 1DI4 thlton1 t enough to dealre to pro h Iriah repr aent at ion a t .teJ', a1gne4 tr Parll and to t T to collect r1 1 tor a pro-Boer b In South Arrioa lnterv1e 4 Oener 1 Wet ll1 tba after den1e4 the story t t De et a t117 Pamell. Be alao 1r* rv1ewd t IJ-1a n wbo w re tight or tba Boere, John o rJ4e an Arthur LJnoh :e ride ould hav ncth1ng to do wlth vs. 1 ecblm to 1lllJ) the lxol b r pr a tation at Wes t 1nllter but h al.1od hi lt to be elect d ber ot

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561 Parl1 mt from Gel '1 oar 1 o attract d to Davitt b ua ot tbe lat t r pr<>Boer ah1 p a e to ant!, ... ol ric 1 a t And th tr1 nd 11 and arewell. ...,o;ii ...... ;,.;;;.;;;;;;;-. re her tr-1 d Jobn c ride .. .,. .. d. ld 1ntl tteno on t me ot oore' gh Z..oley and other Un1 1 ta xdnotdt t ot lrel 4 1n tee 1n which 0 r .. To d7 tbia pro-13 r a nt1 nt 1n Ir -nd. t Co ervatl G mmen oo ra 4 two roJal Yla1t T t1r t ed oppoa1t 1 of INOh o lebl'S..1 a I.B. Y Bdwal"d rtyn, and hor oo 1 a 0114 n laaa popular. In ad d1t10D to tbe royal 1a1 t Cona r'l t1"1 OOYernment aoutht to w1n popularity bJ allcrtrin lr1 h t oop 1n Br1t iah a y to ar a ocka on t. Patr1o 1 InwJ r) bad unit 4. Pro nt lrlah Oonaer"' t1Yes aaaoo1ated wlth thie prot t re 1r d:ward Oaraoll., S 41ah J. oar and E4w rd r-tyn. The b 111ouen ot Oaraon was aurpr1a1n 1n rt w or t taot waa later to lead tbe Oran Unionists 1n Ulster. On the o her band, Stan41h oar 47, who w 4 ppo1nt d 1n the Ir1ah Un1on1at c uae t y fail d to bee eparatlat a

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565 a con equeno ot the 0 r t1--Go l'I'UIIItflt ' retuaal to aOJt nowle4ge t;he prot at, bought t 1llanmt 04eratal'.1 found 4 tbe RtV1 Tbe Libt'a1'7 ot the Nore , to hloh, 1n d1t S.on lt, T.w. Boll at and Jobn Bgllnton oonts-lbut _ed oG 43' wll--nlsh bee a P ns..n. "yn'a the OYer-1: t :1 -Xlngdcm. n ra1cm to a pantl bae allo. b n la14 to I land by tbe Parliament ot t Unit 4 Joined ud D4 .B. Yeate 1D demmuttx.tlona to c t. oent.nar;r ot 1798. lno1dentll7 rt,-n' om. eralon 14 pvtially l'eapona1ble tor hla tr1enc1 Oeor oo a pro1' nt nt AD4 1t buJtt 81r Horaoe Pl._unkette cban to laot1on to Parlla .nt 1n 1900 beoaua rtJD ndor4 h reb7 the iaprea&lon tmt Plunkett na aeo P

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CHAPTER XII LIB L IONI 190 Tb preceding chapter waa adox1oal17 n ed en1an Union is to 1nd1oat that man7 ot th acta of the OonaerYat1ve Govern .. nt well a ot 1nd1v14ual Il'1ah Union! ta during the yeara tram 1892 to 1906 were auCh a to cauae the eniana to rejoice. Th pres n pter 1a o lled "Liberal Un1on1 to indio te that it 111 eek to ahow What err ot tbe con4uot or Bngllllh Lib rala and I.r1ah H e Ruler had upon Ir1eh aeparat1 = The pr sent chapter will begin with the to t1on ot the Liberal GoYeJ:'DJilent whi .ch aucoe d d the Con ervat1vea 1n 1005 and will end with the outbr ak ot war in 1914. It ill be divided into three part ot whiob the t1Jtt w1ll b e devoted to the period tro 1906 to 1910 and the aeoond and tb1r4 will be concern d w1 th ev nta between 1910 and 1914. The tirat part will tell ot the re l t1one b twe th Irish HQil Rulera an4 ar1ou other group Th aecond part ill be devoted to a d1acua ion or a e reaulta or t h prospect Heme Ru1e 1n Ulster. nd the third part w111 rep t the t01'11Ula ua d 1n the rlrst. -4 a.ling with certain Bngl1ab Hom Rulers and the xtem 1 relation or thoae Ir1ah b ra of P rl1aent Who 7 be cona1dere4 aa a unit b cause or t heir c on d sire tor H Rul 566

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567 Hom Rule Shelv 4 1906-1910 The Liberal Governaont which took ottioe 1n 1906 declared that it had "no andat tor Home Rule" but restated ita beliet l that aame sort ot aeltgovernment tar Ireland w s desirable. Although Redmond as Parnell' a apOstle,. bad origiDallJ r jected the "Union of Hear ta," when he became ch1et ot th Iriah National Parllamentar:v Part7 in 1900 be accepted thia polic7 Aooor41ngly. he voided an break with the Liberals and profesae4 willingneaa 2 3 to ocept whatever tbe Government would offer even ore ad va.noed Irish a .eparatiata were not satisfied. Therefore., the period tr 1906 to 1910 will be regarded traD the atanclpolnt ot the "Union ot H t " and al o 1n connection with the relatione be-tw en the Ir1 h t1o 1 Parl1a. n rJ Part7 and uch Ir1ah a parat1at uoupa as th Gaelic Le gu an Sinn Fein. "..,un1. _o .... n.., Heart" PrCII1 the atan4po1nt ot the "Un1ou ot H arts th appointmen t ot Govermaent rep.re entat1ves in Ireland and the unit c1 tront a gain t the aaen' a Rebellion" ma7 be noted. To th po t ot Lord Lieutenant the Liberals appointed Lord Ab rdeen. Lard Aberdeen had been a tr1end ot Gladstone, wham 5 he had po otected trOIIl the Fen1an 1n 186'1 In 1886 Oladatone bad appointed h1a Lcrcl Lleutenant and t o th-d1agu t ot certain 4 5

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Iri h 568 1 rioana be had b o e popular in Dublin. n th L1ber-al return d to ottic 1n 1892 Lord Ab rd n bee governor 2 gener 1 or C n d and whil th re hi wit d Ir1 h"' erioan .friends tor him b7 h lp1ng to build an Irish 1llag for the Columbian Expo 1 tion t Chicago 1n 1893 and by 1nd1c ting h r at'tect1on ror Ireland 1n a sp eoh Which ah m de t this f oua 4 t 1r. To th post of Oh1et Secretary tor Ireland th Lib rala &P6 pointed J rye who w n acquaintance ot G orge Sig r on So e year t r C ptain H B .c. Pollard ftot the atatt ot the chief 6 ot polio ot Irel nd "expressed the opinion that Br7ce prepared the w 7 tor the I.R.s insurrection of 1916 by :railing to enforce th Arm Act ot 1847 d ther by p 1tt1ng "th or 7 poase ion of s 11 ot an)" kind. However it hould b noted that 1n 1907 it w Unionist Ulst r and not th epar tist south which m de u t the peal or th Act prohibiting th 8 importation ot rms Incidentally,. 1n that y Augu tin Birrell had uceeeded Bryo as Ch1 t seoretar7 tor Irelantl, a post which th form r h ld until the Ea ter Week Rebellion 1n 9 1916. Th un1t d front n' a R b ll1on" al o hould be ntioned 1n ap ing ot th coalition between th English L1berala and the Irish atio 1 P rl1 5. e 7fl a 9 ntar7 P ty. The phrase 18931 P 1

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569 Women' a Reb llion" a coined b;y Georg D fertleld to indi-cated th pre-w r a uttr g ov e advocates ot votes for women 1n Ireland r ce1v 4 import t au port tr the I.R.B. d inde t ter e k p ocl ati n atat 4t b.rou.ght the opportun the eatabli nt of a pe nt t1onal oove nt, r pi' e. entat1 ot th who l p ople ot Ireland d lect b! h u.tt'r g a all her men and women, the Prov1 1o GovernJilen t,. h reb;r conatitute41 will 1n1 ter the alvil and m111tar,-at':taira or the R public 1n trust 1'01! the people. 2 3 4 T Heal7, o org Bern r d Shaw and the Lord yor of Dublin 1n 5 19U &'J also b not 4 aa Irish auttr otte But th Liberal Party as not t vorably d1 poa d toward e x t ntUng the tranch1_ m er ot tb C 1n t to .. en s a r ttult Churchilla n 1n X.. la.m! w as at e t1ng by Hannah Sh h.JSkett1ngton to tl'e t ttr tt u a citizen and 6 that tb prison outr gea on a Prtm 1n1 ter aquitll, too, was anno;ye4 at a eeting ot th Irish Party 1n Dub11n, 1912, hen Francia Sh eh7 kett1ngton diaNpted the pro-ceedings "with a or7 or vo ea t01r menl '" e Tb Irish Part7. ot e-ou.r e, had follow d th Lib r l.a 1n ita attitude to d t ale u.ttrage: Wh n a Rule Bill talked b7 llr Slt tt1ngton at once d mand 4 that Ir1 h w en should have o1t1z iJl r1ghta. Redmond would not hear 9 of this " C pt 1n J .B. I. 2 .. :s s 6 7. a 9. 10. 10 1te. an tTl t r H Bulv, baa told 1 82 183.

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570 how 41 gn t,ed h .ting hioh co ct o t -. r of' th Ir1_ h addr a d: 1 t pted r roug)l h that a a post cript 1t b point d out t t when h ab7Sk tting ton wa arl' t d 1n 1916 h aring "Vot t 2 'b 4ge d that hen he wa der: d b7 c pt 1n of the tieh 3 1 he a probabl7 a .ill e rin it. r t on et ., a parat1a the Q 1o Le a tr 1906 to 1910 1 th Irish Ir1ah t period the G 11o I.e e 1 concerned a few ord or 1ntro ct1on ae ne oes IU''f Ga l1o Leagu B;y P 11 ntu 5 fl'"QIIl the t1 ,.. ot o' Connell le t!era 1n i t1on bad not been llltereat d bl reviving th lriah langu.t.ge but a r no t bl exoept1on d rv mention

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571 1 To begin with th nthu 1a of th Young Ir lander, 1111 Smith 01Br1 n, for G lie may b noted: It is 1nt-ere tin on hi return fr :rll h had n th t 11 of b1 ho 1 toz. Irelan4 1 a 1n the languag a e na ot rving h1a countr,.. Urg. by h 1 arnt Iri d b pre 14_J1lt ot tM Oa 1an:tc Soo1et7 But though 8Dl1th o 'Br1 learnt to ape k and 1t Iri h 0 a1 an1c Soc! t o t oth l' aller oc1 tie f ed tor 1m1lar po.rpo 1 di4 not att pt to e erv o the spoken l nguaa ot Ir land. It con id d no to edit and pub liah us er1pt 2 3 4 5 A. nd T.D. Sull1 an, K1o 1 Davitt and T.K. Healy hav so been deser1b 4 in the e connection. In 187'7 th Ir1ah lanpa o up tor d1aou sion 1n th Hous of o Che lter oclerJ p.v no ioe that he would .ak the Irish Chief Secretar7 1t 1lar inquiries mad to the Scotch nation l t a, a to adY1 b111ty ot t aching Oa lie ahou.ld not b d to th Irish n tional teachers with reter no to tb Celtic 1 6 In 1878 1 'b tor-e H ly had been 1 o d o Par li ent, hie brother Maurie proj ot 4 book "on Gaelic notation" but nothing 7 e a to hav come ot b oau 1n 1893 the tormer ot to the 1 tor bout T.o eill Ruaa 11 and Dougla ycte: Ruaeell said, when I po e about 7our propo eel t xt; .. book that Byd ould be l.J o 01-: eot 1t tor you, n4 yde qu1etl,-ent d. H e 1 to have no trong opinion on t phmoti qu stion. R U uld now and th as a1l h1 pronune1 t1on ot IJ-1 1 I b d h1m a ail th propri tor ot oowell' lie house 1n Holborn on that aubJ ot t'itt en 7 o 8 ........... !a Creo1b1n o1b1nn nz

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572 H al7's 1r tlon ror T. o eUl Russell bad con t1nued u.nabatedl I think Ru U the oat del1ghthl h animal I have eYer knomu hl honest,.., a1nce.r1t7 and genuine love tor Ireland and Celtic th1nssh1n. a n ot hla rears nd protestant tra!nln are ve oua 1a ju t a JD\tch emb:l.tt red gain t Scotch o elto P l11ng as he w e wb n I h ard h1ln. tbunderlng against it 1n 1878,. with Butt 1n the obairt at the e tld.D.ater Palace Hotel. He has v1 dentli ne"Y. r _rorg1ven Parnell tor h1a want ot illterest 1n that ctur 1 Curiously enough Healr baa indica teeS th t Redmond di pl. yed a ild 1nt r at in Ir1ah a earl7 aa 1880: *'Hie OPat01'1cAl. ak1ll I had noticed at a m eting o lled by O'Connor Po r 1n the eatminster Palace Hotel to hear o He1ll Ruall on the Ga.elic re 2 vival. It 1 turth be noted that 1D Healy wr ote R1 ond jails t have on through t o til'st Gaelic booka :s with D vltt and Quinn, and o hav picked up little. P .arnell' s polog1st argar t Le 1 d no trot-t to ahow that T O' ill Russell a 1noorr ct 1n bel1ev1 t t Parnell as not inter sted 1n tt pta to revive or pr erv th Ir1 h langu ge She onl7 ent1one4 langu unusual typ ot Pernell1 t : ntbusiast Who s an '1'h e re not t h onlJ nun who w re not afraid to how th 1r d vot1on to Parnell one 1n particular was other P a very wondertul D 1n1can nun, ot th convent 1n Bocl a str et t Dublin. A WClllall ot al'v l ,oua ability nd en r her u-tah pil-1 t p me ted th atmo pher wherev wa 1n eel a tr et and S1 Hill. She w e p1 on e... ot the Ga. l1o Rev1 val, 4 I r1sh s t Ught 1n the Dominic n COilventa beto 1 t a introduo into anJ other aohool,. 4

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573 n Connradh w found d 1n 1893 th Parnell split .bad just oc.curred. It 1a 1nt r sting to L-....,;;;.;; ......... .- rve that Rep t gt. th ,..a., .... 1 ... 1,... ...,,;;;;;o;;.llii,.... tor !8..,. ....... 1894 tail d to t1 ., r ot Parll :nt in t dane en it w a to eda Unll th Irish bera ot Parliament c rt in F n.lana an4 a celebrated R an C thollo 1est helped the new oY 111t. For e pl tn bove 11 t t not occur but th re 1s ev1d no n e of M1oba 1 Cusack doe 2 t he w on ot the found ra. And 1n th1 conneot1on n wa tt which appe red 1n I h orld on Dec er 1893 7 be not d becau it rpol"ted t1ng ot the Gael1o Le gu 1n Dublin l t wee at 1oh OUsack pr sid d A ons those present at this me t1ng the F nian, 3 4 J J Boland and a p o b7 the tt-1ah p t R tteey, s r ad. Anoth r n e abaent tr the 11at ot thos whe attendd th .fir t eetlng ot th OaeUo League a tba t of the o lebrated Path r Bugen otoro 7 o had b t)oate editor ot th G lie 5 6 Josreal ot th Ga ltc Union 1n 1891. P&ther ooro er who knew

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574 that :rd 1891. d propo cb organtz t ion in early d pport t e propo Journal. w 1n Sco 1n Jul71 l893J u on h1 r turn he help d th ne l7 to d Leagu b indue 7 to j o1n 1 t: p t to a 11rl bet c COI1tr1b\l _...iioojiiiii...,. ... :;:. at 2 1 de .pit h1 41alit tor Ju tiD H ocarth7 nw Le e and the ant1P nellitea b.a a of l tu7 l aaon 1ft Irlah to la pa 5 r w s c P nell' t 0 bJ one . nn 1aat, tot' the 6 r vi ot t lan ge. On the oth r in 1894 Valot1De B Dill.on P&rn lllt Lord M 101:.1 ot Dublin, pl' 14 at the 7 Ir15h Lan go o!l had b n oned together b7 the &rthel a th G ello Le gue ousht to o1d b 1DG 1n volv d 1n the row b t P nell's taithtul fe and th anti Parn ,ll1te t I. Th obj ot ot this soot 7 la to keep the Il'iah 5 6. 7 134 not

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575 spo. en 1n Ire .. 4 II. o att r ot r 11gi or po11t1oal ditfe,r. c6a ot opinion shall be adJaitted into the proo ed1ng i Soc .1etr. THB FORBOOI 0 PUliD TAL RULIS, :ABD C OT BB ALTERED OR ABO. LISHED 1 Howev r mueh be Gaelic Leagu r ay v ought. to avoid "political 411'1' reno or opinion the L gu und n1 blt pha 1z d th cultu l d1tt r no betw en Ir l d d gland: 'l'he Ga 11 L gu ... r c d the entir country. All politic T1rlion1 t nd t1onal1 t. all cl low,. . r e r of it. Inapil' d b th t onal spirit 1n its non political a zue 1t a d 1rou of r .. vi 1Jlg anc1 lan g e ot the CQ'Wl.t.rJ' it to. literature, rt ou taaa. nd tlma make Irelalld thoroughly Ir1ah, (ne.ltbel' Sax nor It 11 without t th a e timet h 9lng &ll7 1d so tar at least 1 s 1 ts obJ ot ; d th thought ot 1t chief supporter r concern 4 ... ot par t1o n frCID England. But th tt ct of th mov ent to 1gbt 4 pen till mor acute, the n t1onal oonac1ousnes. a O f the epa.rat and d1at1nct in v14 l1ty of Ir 1 1te 1n Yi ble t nd noy a to seek f(W th d min t1on or th p1rit 1t arou e4 ill the o plot st f ot 1Dd 4 t gov t :ref or 1 1 t waa ve,.., natur 1 that th Ga lie Leagu and Sinn P in ahoul4 1n time, work togeth l' 1D harnea 2 On th siQile ubJ ct Dougl Hyd e biograph D1 1d o Cobhthaigh, d olar d: Hyd had started th Ga upon b i protoun41 oonv1 o d that the be t hope or r v1 v1ng the languf18e 1 7 in dng bOdJ 4 voted to that object and to that obj ot onl7 A teebl tt p not countenanced bJ th 1 era, on th. part ot the ott'1c1 l t1onal1ata to g t control ot th Le llad b n e topped. H,-de and those o thow:dlt with 1noludi.ng Eoln Kac ill P.H. P e 1 and p oTn s oretar ot the 1 wer suoc stul 1n k ping the gu part tr po11 tic 3 Y t 1n ap1t of the tact that both the Fen1.an and the Raman c thol1o aburoh had paid ore attention to th revival 1 Anon. ... -.....--. for .th! X!!. !ndeA PP 244 245.

PAGE 99

576 ot th language, an that th Oael1o gu b.ad att .. pted t o ignore 11oental'7 pol1t1oa, tb Iriah atlonal Par t ,-retua 4 to hav 110 tratt1o with the r na1 ano hue, Thomas P reported 1n Gaodal ot . arch, 1001 aa vlng dd!'e s d th Houe C na 1D Irieh r oentlT' 1n order to call p lt.mentary attention to the The s a er Nl-.4 hSa out o.t order and would not pe t hill to cont1nu Ill a peaking to a r pottter o DOJ'Ulell said a 'One -taurth ot the po t1on 1n Irelt.n4 ep ak th bt_ h langu ge and uana Ct the part ot the11! buai:ne in that tongue. 1 obJect 1n apeaklng Ir1.ah waa aiJDply t o draw att t1on to th .raot t t the Bngl1ah ooel'bllent has done it beat to k1U the Ir1eh lansu*i Ir1ah an. d Iri h 1 11 t le I bow Engl.i h, I Oaft ap all Ir1 or tlu atl7 ancl w1 th tar le8a I ner po a or or gl.1 until I a twelv rear old. I leamea Prell a:nd Lat 1n d . tb tloa throu,gb th 41,. o t th Ir1ab lan "tin h 14 bJ 7 oonat1 tuenoy 1D at 1: ry haa b d b7 in Irish. To me ngU h 1 tore! enoh 1e to Englteh p ople. 1 Ag in, 0 Cobhtha1gh1 the biograph "' ot HJde, alluded to another 1nstanc ot th inter at wh1oh the It on41tee oolc 1n th r rtv 1 ot Irt ht Th 1 dera ot t part7, though ot verr entbua1ast1o eupportell's ot th a el1c o ent. sv it e .ome an4 both Mr. R dmond G4 r D1l. l o n oco ionall7 app e4. Oael1e League plat to a Both 1n tb Hou.a o t C e mA out 1d the7 otoked to eat guard the inter at1 ot the langu e 1n Irieh educ t1on and w1th th xcept1o n or a 41tt. r nee of opinion on Dillon 1 part on the question ot puleor7 Ir1 h 1n th national un1v r 1t7 th 7 ba oone1etentl7 continued to s1 1t tb 1r support. Red on41 t a st. Patrie Da7 41nn r 1n London in 190 1 pub Ucl7 aake4 HJd to tak a t 1D Parl1 nt, ott r 1fh1oh waa app.reo1 t d but decllnec!. 2

PAGE 100

577 Th r lattone bo&J .. ,an the Iri h ttonal Parlt atary P t;r and the Ga 11c Le e w r o t cordi 11 expreaae4 in th person ot G1fJJU11 who belonge to both orge.nuat1on 1 and 1n o: rta1n v n i mich tran pb d 1 o ot10Jl with the tabl1 Liberal -OO't'ai'J_._ n Ac ord!nglJ-the an the ev nt 4ee c 14 t1on. ste n O'ft7Nl o hae all' d7 b en _ t1on a a 1 Co ora.r7 Clu the oa d1 tinguiah 1n nt Ga lie Although h th gra.Ddson ot W1U1 s th oBr1.n, up 1n 1on1 t nY1r t an4 r b r 2 J Braa7 and tb Dlv1nc1blea 1117 lncredlble vill.tn s tU. b 188'1 c e ail l7 inter ted in the 4rxuurd. 3 t i-ds and d W h1a U P n 111 t loJal, 6 &tter tb pllt la 1902 h Ir1ab. 6 L1 t r 1 Soc1 ., 1n LemA and aoon ... tter a po -h1 whtoh expre ae4 ration de Ir1 a4voc t ot pb:J leal 7 foro appe ....__... ... In 1906 G'WJ'DD a can41 te tor Par U en t &in Bur,o t 1 an J the ncwoat1ona r being de GWJ.llll s o ll upOD 0 pe k tr tb back; 10ould J'OU houlder a 1 s PP 48'7,28; 2 S G t pp 3 s Ib14., P 4 >: P 10 5. ): ., pP. UO.. lll e .c Jh "1 t P.P 21'1

PAGE 101

5'78 c 1 4 tb n 1nat1on u. 2 ian), to 41a 1 th 'lhereupon B lpln oc 4 b7 Ar righting 11811'"""' trho hac:l b nt o to th tor ste 3 r JDD' 1nt at 1n t o el1o Lo &lllttD(Ilal 1n the Glens ot ntr 1n 1 too h!a t o ho o aleo w re AlS.c illS. Joa ph CUilPIItell, 6 P 4r 1c Col .J. 81 ( Delta t ant1qu ian t o.bl 7 0 nt. GWJllD Wl'Otea ot long att r hla 2'16 on ot th t ot. 1 1n G ic

PAGE 102

579 Leagu had 1gn Birmingham" and oertail'l new p r d clarect th t GWJM d wr1 tt 1t. u til 1ngb.am 1dent1tJ w diaoo ered, 0 11b.o he wasa aa quite unawar the book w & a puszle to hen it c a ita tlrat ap. pearanoe with type-written enolo ur apolo !zing to me for 11bert1 talc with taail7 hie tor,. Th boo -opened w1 th alcetch 1n hich S th 01Br1 n' career wa attributed to an 1ml g1nar7 llr G oghe ana and the o tr 1 tigure ot the ator7 waa h1 a on, a 7oung ot the landlord clas urrcnut4ed by Un1on1et tr1 nd and rel t1v a, but having th heritage of a rebel trad1t1 Georg Moore t1gur recognizablJ, so doe Standish J&lll s 01GradJ P n ll a re 1ved; but oddl7 mix d u,p with Mr. 1111 O 'Brl n 1 Ho er, OW)'tm did not follow the torJDUl augge ted 1n Hanna71 book: In G orge Btndn a book1 well br young an, 1ng tbat h1a po 1t1o as a ational1 t politician threaten to bring hill into ooll1a1on with the polio aenda 1n hie rea1gnat1 n 2 ot long atter th publication ot !a. tMBs Pot both GWJDD and th Re r nd J ea 0 n Hann 7 1 ot d to the x cutive & c 1tte of the Oa lie Leagu ; nd aoon artv t to er w elect d to Parli nt. In connection with hie r turn to est 1nat it 7 be noted t t although G1f'11Ul avoid 4 collision w1 th th police he r ad7 to aco pt the pport ot tho a who b ll ved 1n 1 1 toroe ot hi 1 ct1o c pa1gn Owynn wrote: I'v e 14 I ask their vote b o u I'm th cho en cand1dat ot the Ullit d Ir1eh Leagu I hav th upport ot th Jfat1on 1 PartJ, nd I the anctaon or th 91Br1en who wa aen. noe4 to death 1n 184.8 'But, a14 on h w aentenc d to b gee! d 4hrran. alld qv.arrthered. So b w s; aa14 I '117 1 ld theJ6 JOU leave out that. So lt en 1n ltulJ and 'grandson ot 1111am Smith o 1en, tbia a nd1x, t1 ed in o pit s. 4

PAGE 103

580 t Ilt1 t7 1n 1od tr 1906 to 1910 crt n 1th th t 11eJ ot t1oned !he 1 1 1t7 b tr o b c.lr N e wman to th 0 bol1 wb1 Cardinal/helped to f .O\Ul4 ln bl1n 1n l8 the 1 tJ' Col ta b ott ot tb o thollc Un1 or at1on ot th ats.n su n ... Ch1 s t1on Un1 e1 "' o t

PAGE 104

581 'l'h Qa llo Le era t oi t d 'that e lmowl d e ot 1 Irish would be m c pul orr on ll tu ents, 'rher tor wb th 2 ctor D.$laney, s.J,, ot Un1v ra1t,-Ooll g a dwb t un of Unl ver 1 ty of p aant abould b a c tlon, a controv r 7 r sul test he tedl d14 tb R or nd Dootor oHtokey eucc 6 4 QtGl'OWJl 7 protes or ot Irish at ,-noo to Pather t c Irish t t h 1 6 sult. 1d o llav lost 8 truoto h1p a re 7 The en1an or oour upported th G lie L ague; but th Irish partJ a apllt. t 1t annual convention 1n 1909 the following r olut1 a lntroc:lu.oed: T t th1a con ntion ap rov a ot the 1nolua1on ot the Irllh languag on t o :PU].aol'J' ubject tor tr1oul t1 at the I tional Unlver lt7 t Ireland 8 John Dillon opposed th proposition and when h had 1'1n18he4, the cha1 e, John Redmond,. c 11 on Dc>ugl a HJd who w pre ent. The resolution was carried but th battl continued into 1910 Wh n th s nate ot tha Unl r 1ty ruleds tha. t Ir1 born atutLnt o did no t k Ir1 h t tr1cula t1on abould b r ui.tt
PAGE 105

582 Still the Gaelic League woul4 not oomprami ec During the next couple ot ontha the Sen te, helped by pub lic eritioi and pr .ure, und rwent a obanse or spirit, and at its et1ng on the or June, Dr. B7d' r aolution that Irish be ent1 1 or c;bl1g tor,. at matrioulat1on 1n l91S as oarr1 4... 1 Sinn Fein An Irish a parat1st group which, un.l1k th Gaelic League wa avo e4ly 1nt re ted in polit1oa, was Sinn Fein. It was formed 1n 1905 nd, according to Kar 7 Ellen Butl r the name was inspired b7 tb Oa llc Leaguea "'l'he arly otto ot the Gaelic 2 Le ; e wa 1 .!!!D. Sinn .f.!!n, 1n Although it rtJaat presid nt was Edward Mart,n, the nam ot Arthur Gr1t1'1 th boul.d b sooiat 4 w1 tb. the new mo ent, beror all others. For Sinn in ooepte4 Or1tt1th' "Hungarian PolleT' tr Oumann na an e 11 r organization wi tb which he was associated. Th polio7 ia de cr1be4 by th tollow1ng reaolu tion whioh th la tt r organization had dopteds t we call upon our ocnmt.l"7Jilen abroad to 1d. thold all as tano tr th pr ot ra ot a us le a d gr ding and demoralizing polic7 until uoh a tble aa lb; m er the Iriah P&l'liamentary Part7 aubatitut tor it the polio7 ot tb Htmgarian Deputies ot 18611 and1 r tuaing to attend the Britl&h Par11 nt or to recognize 1ta right to legislate for Ireland, ra1n at hall to help 1D plotinS Ir land' lntere ta and to aid 1n guarding 1 ta national rights. FolloWing 1ts adoption b7 Cumann na nG dhal the polic7 had been d aubaequentl7 had appeared 1n 1904 b a putphlet ntltled !a! R J!Weetion !fwlg z: Parallel .s!:. Ireland P 106

PAGE 106

583 1 ard rtJn had uba1d1zed United Ir1 llnan, had contribue ( org ot th Ga !c Leagu ) and had ther Ol'e he had charact81'1aed the Irish partr at ee 1nater "the lu7, the unpractio 1, the lovers ot d cl tion rather 3 than ot1on. It 1a not urpria1ng th r tore, that he pr a nt at the inauguration ot Sinn F 1n 011 ovember 28 1905 h n 1t w a d cided to aubst1tut a Bational Council the e bera o t Parl1 nta The pol1or ot the n w bodJ, the National Council,. a detined a 'Bat1onal a lt41. lopaent. through the recosn1t1on o t the !'1ght and. dut1 a ot cit1zenah1p on th part ot th individual and bJ tbe aid and u.pport ot all mov ta originating tr within Ireland, 1n tinct with national tradition and not look ins out ide Ir 1 tor the co pl1 nt ot tb 1r a a 1 4 All bare ot Parl1 nt o r tueed to att 4 at oat .. at r wer to b ssoc1atod with the n organization. s llacJianua not d: Por the aak ot h1 torte 1 r or4 it '1 b stated that those who tlr t et and tor ed thi 1f t1onal Council were: Arthur Griffith, ud Gonne cBrl(! Ald T Kell7 Henr7 5 Dixon, ac ua, d Edward t:YD- d o an1z tlon oon ttr ct d tbe att nt1on or illiam O'Br1 H 17 Canon Hanna7 th I .R.B., St ph n Gwpm and other He l7 was probabl7 first d awar ot Sinn P 1n the r ault ot on ot artJD' "aharacter1st1call:y pl'O oca t1ve peeclle in which he had a a rt tbat the "Iriabatan who n 311. P 6861 note

PAGE 107

t 584 1 y or a 7 or England de e .. v to b tlos ec1 and tOl' ich the Un1on1 t ldar s t Club or Dublin a 0\lgb.t to expel 2 him tr it r 1p. Por JlartJD to e nt th zpul ion and coe t'ul7, "the r doubt bl llr T B alT' a 3 his oh1 t ooun el. Th c ot Oanon Hanna 7 al o involved d1sput with "Unionist : t port Guardi.ns 4 d 4 th d1 1 al. ot a7 tr hla c pla e7 to b ing the uthor ot Pot, b1oh ott n.de4 the politic na1bU1e Gu dian h .found no or r nuous or unsparing critic, than 4 'l'h I b san int1ltr t into Sinn e1n in 1907 and ln aom pla a oon controll th loc 1 branch ot t h lattert R.B. w c ut1oua sine tb n allow d to j o1n the lAnd I R B to join the Sinn Fein Dungannon Club 1n Ulst Sinn d.n cl a to tom On tb oth r hand, th Irish part7 not verr ntbus1 at1o about th "lhu.lg ian Polic7. nov 1i t critic, 01t 1906, one 7 enta17 Part.,, Iri h Parli On on hand the cnat1ngu1 hed 6 GWJnn, who w "II P tor Gal 7 era of the ttacked Sinn 1n in t 8 r 2 1 1906. On th other hand, the group 1 2 3 5 6 7. a 176. 7 to H lp Oul' a l v s 1 ..:.:..:.;:.-::::.. P 12

PAGE 108

585 was popular 1n Dubllnz In Dublin th o nt s pal'tioularly and ven uoae dad 1n curing the return ot a ot its candidates at th lect1o to th Oit7 Oouno11. Wh n the L1 er l Govern ent in 1906 offered Re ond, 1n place or Home Rule Bill, t w known th De olutlon Bill, h inc rity ot English partie 1n their de tnga with Ireland be an to b w1delJ questioned 4 Sinn F 1n r ceiv d an addition l petua. 1 2 And Sir Th E o e, M .. P.. nd o.J. Dolan w r ra of the Ir1 h part o found S1nn P 1n attract1ves Mr. o.J. Dolan, th s1tt1n 111 er tor orth Leitr 1 de-alar 4 el1' convert to the n ov nt. ll r 1gne4 h1 at and ott 4 h1mael1' tor r -leotion aa a Sinn P in candid t B polled 1 than a th1r4 th vot d Sinn P 1n r o iv 4 eriou t .. aolc. In t ot th ound bad not b utr!oi ntl7 par d A we kl7 pap r, supplent d b7 a t p phl t 1 with no gr t circulation out 14e Dublin, a an 1nau.tt1o1 nt in t nt with hioh to oh1 v th auoo or a n w pol1cJ w1 thin two 7 3 In spite or th aenti nt expr saed in tb abov quotation, T Beal7 and at l er of the group which t vor d tar7 ag1tat1o was t vorab 7 pres ed b7 th leot1on. For th tor r wrotea I think c pl tel7 )lew political, journal! tio an4 1)4Lrl1 nt 7 ituation will be oon cr ted b7 Sinn in P .A. lloHugh w a aiok over the poll ad b)' Dolan its nanin in Leitr 4 And ag 1n in 1909, H alJ Wt"ot are oti 1D. 6 Dublin and " Incid nt 117. pe p th d ily p p r which Sinn Petn had eatabliahed 1n!lu ced H 71 opinion: The t"irat 1 au wa dat cS 'fu da71 A t 24, an 1t a pearanoe w herald d b7 the throngs n the treeta 1n the vicinity o! llif!dl. Abb 7 Street, r t pa r a pub

PAGE 109

586 In ap t ot the I d b 1910 Sinn 1n the pr 14 DC7 1n 1908 a ita at 4 g theR 1t b 3 ot the t!r t 10 Pr 14 tl In 190 ob e 0 ret:Ul"J!led to th Ir1 h p Sinn &Jl7 pa xn prU 191 , 6ooiiiiiiiliiiit b U ot 1t lU t 11 b t t 1 t on Ir1 1 1n P rl1 Dt w1th opt1m1a t 1t on ott bJ J an 1 1910 le t10ba t to
PAGE 110

5 8 7 "U Aceor 1ng to election ot 1910 w to d cid .th qu st1on or wheth&r Llo G org ' budget bo ld be opt ndt c 4 g ra.l 1 ct on in tb. 78 to d c d thor the to po er th 1 HOW!e of Lo d r to be 1 it But th lead rr ().f th. Ir1 tr er al o giv n to underst d tbat the cont't el ot1on uld 2 dod 1su ot Rul. In cond 1 et1on, or c o-ur e t Lib r ld w r r tW'n 3 to otr1o but tor th filt t ainc lBBB, Iri hel4 tb balanc ot po 1n 1 t r To t th t t ot H Rul 1eh rulted r Ul ter Pro e t ts t d ter.min t r or th l o 1oh th a1 tton in th House or c on t JDan7 u the7 had 1 t ott 1t1 1993, Ph. 1o to c In t to lo p toe of H Rul t t t 1 wiU b th. th portant 1D.or1ty ot Ul t r rot tan o l' 1n t v of H ftul Ho v r 1 or er to d rstand w t th conflict bout it will b n o a &rJ tu b1'1 r17 to 1Dd1c te th scop ot th H Rule B1ll wh1 h Th1 B111 propo to the Imp r 1 P no pow 1n th n c t!no B!rrollt te t 19141 P 438 1tam1oa1

PAGE 111

588 It oul4 f1nano1al 1ng 0 ot ...... .-.-. .2. H<*t Rul 1n lthougb the oppoa t1on to Hcae Rule wh1oh a 1apl&J84 b7 ioua Ulat r.aen d 11 tl 1t &nJ tteot on e Oelt1o rena1saanoe, thl' 1 aona wh10h th Ultonian exponents phya1-cal toro t ught the en1an Jb an appeal t'o third .,,,, ...... -.u'J'J oo t Ul t r Volunt r er fora dJ r .. '681 into Ir 1 ct,. In add1 tio to these l aon a wo d tor the Ul t n. 1ah Gone rvatlve aupport Th fir at lea on hich the r bellloua Ul t r to t ch the Penian w a 7 1ght help an Ir1 r volut1on aln t 0 tfiin Or 1 sent Lor cra1pvon- th t1r t Ul t 2 th G n p or. 1th 1a tor 1n 191 H1 0 tbl' to pp ex ple w toll ed b7 others ong b c uae h w to pro cut Ca ent 4 1n 1912 h w n turth r ould not be ondi t1 in arry w1ek l7 fix d PP

PAGE 112

589 511' ar Oar Ul t r r bel. n e s to .1 hav ot1 tiona th tb Ka1 It was, re ult of th1 tratt1ck1ng with G any tbat u. v1n pond nt ot th London an4 chester rdian, d1 covered an Ul ter hot 1 to b full or Gennana 1n Mar 191 z paper the son. I t 0 a re ul of th1 tr ficldng that '1' H ly as ert d t t Ulat r p rt1 ll7 r sponsibl for l ding the Kais r in to c 1o 1n 1 14 b o u a ur th t nt the war." Th f hen th Lib r 4 C na Car on a r ult of C on' thr t 1 Engl d "dared not 3 tio ot the Ul t r Volunt era was th cond 1 on n taught th P n1an arl 1n 1913 en wa I 1 1t H Rul Bill through will 1 bin happe e it no on roh fr Ulst r to Oork U 5 us 8ball ver return." 5 Plun t 1 J uinn ...!!.... l sb H9Jl .. R:sle ConPP 403-' ..-......-..... vol. 21 PP 645

PAGE 113

590 the end or 1913 he had organized a provisional gover-nment and had enrollee! a "rol'll1dable 1litar,-tore approaching 1n 1 numb r 100-000 m n The pl aaure ot th n1 na at th1 dev lopa. nt wa in dicated b7 JOhn Devo7 Who wrotea "In other words, Carson and his Volunte ra de good their right to publlol7 drill and arma -a situation uch a had not x1st d 1n Ir land sine the tim 2 Gr t tan' Volun t eera . However t thq probab l7 we.r e not quit o pl ased when the otfic rs 1n th Brltim armr at t1oned at the C\U'ragh ot Xildare :utineed rather than prooe d to B U at 3 to tight th Ulat rmen. 'l'he third leaaon which the Ulster reb la taught the lf n1a was how to uggle guns into Ireland. le Bev1naon was 1n 4 Dublin, where h met Sir Horace Pl1ankett aa well a Caa ent, he ma7 haw heard the following rumors a mrst riou.a vessel caU 4 th *fi' aa1d to b ca1'r71r&g &l'lla tor Ula ter, had been oapt\U'e 7 th Danish authcr itlea ln th Baltic. For aev ral dara no rurth r n reached Bel taat, where lt wa 88\Uied that th whole enterpl'ise had 5 However the Pann:.y;, o 1 atoned b7 the oonm.nder ot the Ul ter Volunt er G neral Slr G orge Rlohardaon, to smuggle a cargo r1tle trOIIIl Hamb\U'g into Belfast, had not b en c ptu.red and on 6 April 24, 1914, it allpped into Larn and was unload 4 fhe London T1!D cc:apl1m nte4 tb Ulatermen on their ef 1. Una1gne41 Bdward Henrr Oaraon, Enczglopae41e Brit!JUlica, lth ect., vol. 4, P 2. J. Devo7, .. na of an lri h Rebel, pp. 408. s Beal71 .mt !!! Toi. 2.pp";'bS .. 5'11. 4 S e P 589. 5. R. KcR 111, ID._tt r' 6 Ibid., PP 100:221. a_tend for Up toe"' p 207

PAGE 114

591 t1o1en 7 'r H 7 tha 2 S.v 0 1n ev n 1n41o that 1 t att 1 d 0 1 eral 1 1n !n h biogr-phi Coun :s e 1o The 1o1t 1 be DO Ir1 .r olunt or tl 0 or IHlanCI a1 gtb ot the Ul t srou.p t n 1n1'lu oe ot the I I a et tr T 1t1o ta 1. 2. 5 I 1 At r te el' tet! t tb .u oc a ot the l"tUUlins 1 l to lobn Dal7 at th1 t 1 1n own d11tr1ot_. dinot ;;.;;;;w;-.-.....,-.. P 15.

PAGE 115

592 In v1 w ot tb-"dlelo7al" conehlot b1ch the e thre le aona taught the P n1an 1 t 111 perhap aurpr1a1b that the Ulster reb l r oe1ve4 th t7 support ot auch 8loyal Br1t1.-h Oon 1 2 aerv t1 v Ubion1 a a Bonar Law, Ru4,ar4 lt1pl1rlga Sir Wllliaa 5 :s WataOil th ort.hol1tte preea a.n4 Lord Robert Inde 41 Ktpl g' a po "Ulater 19121 ao enJt ged George Rue ell that he aoouaed the to r ot 1nt rvening "in qua.rrel ot 111h1oh" h knew notbJ.ngc You had th ar ot the world and 7ou pol oned it with pl' Ju-41oe and. 1gnoran You hai1 the power aoDg,_ and 70U ve alw 71 used 1 on behalt ot the trons nat th weak You have itt n w11m all 70Ul' Jd.gb.t at th cr tur whO are tr 11 on arth but Jlllgbt7 1n the heaven 1 at generoa1tJ, at truth, t ju tioe 4 : e w1tbhel.d vi ion ancl pow r and b &U. tJ tr JOU1 tor thia 70\U' ver 1 onl7 a hallo ewapaper article -ade to rhJJD.e. 6 p e with the Ulat r oppoa1t1 to HCIIle Rule wh1oh ba 3 b outlined r o 1v alua a1d trcwn some exceptional Ult 1e.na and 1t 7 be well 1n 41aouaaing the triend ot HQie Rule to t theso xo pt1onal north ot Ireland Prote.stanta ott gain the toll ere ot Car scm 7 st. John Erne, in vin ot hia biogra.p 7 ot Cara0h1 1ght be pu ln th1 catesol'J' had be not lat r bee ore Bl'1t1ah a than the Bl'1 t1ab t eel e mor are t1on 1n an anecdote about the r beUlon 1n 1916a It 11 told ot a Borth or Ir land ott1oer who a on dut7 in

PAGE 116

593 .,. t u,.. ice or 7 b ..,...v_ 1a not a p Gr 7 t1 .,....,. .,..., .. ar '1 or tl Ool: borr:a 1ft 0 t ouaaen 1

PAGE 117

Capta1 J t in 14 8.1'. d Ul r1 d1 1n ite apo ' 1 1n aplte t t ot ou er a t'ol.l Go 594 1 ol OJ'& D. 0 &8 e BC tbe 7 11 pta1 R 1 onlJ eon ot tev c. 1th, 2 on 0 1 London o b Rula the to e s aupport 90 Shaw 4 hint d " no t "414 e t1 OD h11 o were pr ent" 1n the good e1z d 1 J 4 t () d anJ co 0 1 l e4 e r 0 nt 1nea c1t1 p or t n tic tt t to o1o 1 I p l2 as. l 158 2 :s. P 251. 5 6 182 -186.

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595 t oon c i volv d in the Iriah bor ov t which will 1 be c aid re4 1 t r but tu.rther ot th t o ot d h r II s. or Alic s optord Gr n n Alic Stop1'or GJ'e n o -1600 1n 1908 w th 4U.t,ot ev ryone ot Iri declar 1n t it reco ri tr c ntu.rl a ot obloq 7 th or7 at noble Irish d Anglo-Irish, ho built up th oi v1111a ion that c dor:n 4 their 2 H con tanc in holdin to thia op1n1o a r ceorded b7 ,...Ir.....,.. ..,.......,........, tr h r pen, t1ona11tz: 1n a d orip ion ot two n pro worka 0 ,. Irish 'l'her e isna t t r ore n '1 s ct1v o da 1 b ginn!Jlg to it tt ct. xr. Pletoh 7 lo1n with Jtr. Rud 4 K1pl1Dg 1n de lar t Ir1 h h1 to t all bro n ada and tol n oowa 1t had b n tor a th and Je&r but the libel loo lat tor in curr 11 ter ture 1n th r vie a and th new papers 1s now recognised tb&t the Irish eoo1 t7 lab Bngliah wara d1 organiz d p.l'oa peroua an oultur Th liah r tuaed to 1 n Ir1ah d o tb only h1a or7 ot Ir lmd h1ch the could 41ecern w tbat p ot 1 t Which v1 tt in En 1 h the h1 to17 ot the liah colonists told by th el Gr eD pl <1 t t Irl ah h1 torr should be wri tt n tor Il'1 opl gliah b1 tor7 1 r1tt n tor ngl1 opl and nch h1ator7 1a writt n tor noh opl 3 1 ot !fe-.........._,_ eontain d photogr ph ot o -,er1 G org oore .tl n d t ot th t er' leo cit 4 P 502

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a utho not 1 l P'Ul' 596 1d o ot o n t1on betwe Green 2 a a o 1n L1 rpo '1 b det ct 1n a ppe in JulJ 191S I out Il'i Mstor1 al r a arch w1 thO\lt r .. ot lira. A.s. or It 1a a pit7 'that Ir1 h U 1v r lt! a ba.v b n quick to paJ a On JUl7 5th1 he Liv rpool trni'f ratt7 th d e ot Doctor or Literature. 3 S1 Roger c n Rul t Sir Rog r Cas ent, Who toll ed n at the H ting c 1 by c pt 1n tea a b tt kn. o at that a rv t or the crown than a t1 t He bad been d cor at tor> p ci l'V10 to the Br1t1 ent 1n the Bo tr ar. It 1 aur1 us to not t t h1 tr1end )Ira Green, wb.6 6 b t1r t ho tl7 t r that db n oBo An 1n 1903 h1a 1 o tig t1on of t 41t1ona und 1' 1ch the R St t 7 Oongo cond ot l 4 to r oua Br1t1ah pgrt t tt1on ,L Congo. it Paper, 1 a as the baa1a or D Mor 1 9 iiiiiiioiiiooiiioiiiAn4 t a r aul or 1 th Ccmgo 10 n pi ot the dbjec 1ona ot or 1, who had be n el at to Parl1 ent 1R rubb waa hia 1. e. s. 4 5. 6 7. a 9 10 ov er, -.w---...:. .,.........,........, .. PP 22. ......,.....,. ..... .....,.......,. .. Brl telo 14th ozolopeedi Br1tapn1ca, 14th ed.

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597 slogan. ot gr o t t1 1n th Congo 1 th produe 1 o nr pound ot ru. bber kl)' r Anoth r ul of Cas m nt ., 1nv stig ion 8 t ation out n 1ronio t ck on Br!t1 p 1 11 1oh had ap-r 1n o t 87 can Belgian r d that and girle all th red A third r aul t t c s nt w 4 a Companion ot the Ko t s D1 tlngui 4 ord r or st. Michael and st, George 1n 1906. t abou he t point a British Oon. ul to the s te ot Sao Paulo, Brazil, where, aided b7 Bryce, the Br1t1.ah Amba a dor to hingt ho introduced to Pr aident Tatt 4 m era ot th Departm n ot State. h ucoe atully ep t d b.1 exploit in th Congo: He w promoted oon ul G n ral nd tranat red to Rio J neiro 1n 1 nd in l9U h a knight 4 r ce1v1ng 1n the a '1 the C<*'onation dal. Allud1n to cas ment' e 1nv atiga ti 1nto th oond1t1 n ot rubbe 1ndu. t.17 1n outh Amerio b tween 1912 c a nt'. r cord &no a o e .r ot consider le public u tulb a an4 h had r til" with a p naion. 4 a en1u 1n 5 pr1no1pl hi own aeparat1 t1r t b o e !t t L'l th p riod a1'ter hl r turn tr th c go. Ot th1 tion Stephen 0 1 He 2. s. 4 s. a 1 that ev 1n 1004 h &g 1n propaganda 408,

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598 l gainat r crulting r th 1t.1 h 7 At about t t 1:nt r 8 1n l" vi th Irish 1 u e an 4 u t t1 ub cr1pt1on to th tunds 2 ish con t Ballin r,.. Later 1n th r t t 1n th 01 na ot All 110 !111 o t1r t t b1m t th1e t at1 al, att r ar4 woter In the winter toll owing ser1 ot .tiv 1 c Antr1m ooa t. f h organised tor along th -c:.an and f"r1en4 ot hi till t in th 1 t best be In 190 0 n '1 1nt r at 1n t r rtv 1 of J:lt1-resulte4 1n flet on t bj t which 1l.t'r14 caw n rear I t rr d to in 3 e tabl the lr18 ooll ge would o neo the at trek to th Ge prion-o PI, th unde h from Ge to err:y th t r1bl b tr Jal and t 4 ath 1n London cnrex-Wi th thi quiet oolls 1n Til' ChonaUl f Y Rog r c ent e;h b c ll truly the r al toun4 r ot Clogban.e l7. there the .tir t d '1, w1 tb. a 11ttl 'Wbit dog call ao11, and h w a g1Y1ng aweeta to t childr n 8 t r We k., b3.l tln, Octob .r, pp, 869 870 aedhilge o 7 ologban 17, Ir1 h .... ......... 151 1936, P e

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599 ( 1 t a 0 n d1oc Bo1n et1ll oo1 t A tr a.bou.t Sa dd1t1on, b 0. 1nt Hob on, too ., 4 G o f c s co w the th n ith ent d14 no '1 crib Ir1 n a hol1e 1 op ot th ot ic 1U1 ar:t4 l ol). los t ch with Ireland. 2 d t th1 p r1 4. In youth org .1zat1ont tt nt1on to Devor' pe tir t r o n lmo 1 dge go to south rica Ot Upo hi return to Ire and 1n l9U, Oa nt ttl d down a p on in CountJ Antr Ul t r, an4 r a d his otive aup rt 6 ot th langu e r vl a1 and oth r tr1ot1o Ir1 h activit! Bla 1nt re t 1n Ir1ah too to To I land 1n A at, 1912, 7 t7 the fiddler, th pip r s.nd t r t." 1. 1 o. 7-0logban l71 The Ir1h 387.

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600 And h. atte tio t t t r ot 1 lan until b11 da,_ 1D a le t l" tr prleon h wrot a "t 11 the ohildr n 111 Gortahor Sohool 4 orr I eland that I a orr7 I was not ble l to enA their S.ze t the la t two 7 a " 11 lnte.reat 1n the 2 onn De Valera l ge al.eo n d h1JI 1n projot tn which act1 vee "Tawtn School wa tOl' t ct ot bla ch1 t b or 4 llb rally r o to cur an 3 Ir1 h dUo t1 tor t thorough].,. a 11o pert or conn oht. oa -nt .. ranged tr 1unohea ov.l4 be g1 n to Ir1ah 4 pe king children 1n oetain "4eao te part ot Irelaru!," and took an ot1. t 1n the g1 tlon tor Irs..h 1n the U'hlver11t7" at 5 Beltat P1nal1J, thl lnteres t 1n eduo t1on brought Oa ent into aooept1ng var1out th .or1 ot :ar Green. Allee 1ll1gan baa r pol'tedt I et bJ.Il at an 01r aoht wh n waa oh engl'oaae4 1f1tb. .r. R Green' ettor' to tound the tud7 ot Old I.l'1ib and old 11te.ratur on a rtgbt baa1 and . t the anal House reoept1. c:m that ar, I was oo pan71Dg the a let r anc! A ughter ot John 111toh 1 B p 1d th 8J> olal 6 Pl!' th torego1ng 1t 1a ole6J9 that o afdllent, lthougb b tter known ae an otf1oer ot th Crown ba4 4 lop d a det1n1te oultural a)'mpatJl7 eeparat1. when he r turned to Ireland 1n 1911 and a ttle4 down in Anvlm. Att r d more pol1t1o .l t date his aepar tl bee e ore He bad renewed h1 tr1en4eh1p with the '10\Ut8 em who had in apir d 1n h1a deep bel1et 1n the poa ib1l1t1ea ot the Sinn

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601 P vtou.e o a ptaift Oa t 414 not pub11olr rn:niUl:I t1q 1D Ba._ U-!1101187; ta t tb wer 1moiiD to oe 11l t 1 a t r Qaa 1nS 1al Ult L1b ra pl1 1n a let Br1t1 1Jd.l evlla ln Ill thS.r4 par ot th tu t wUl be t turn to Oft1o ot ht1 tbat 1 p 1n 41 the p r1o4 v..,jo 1n 1 o to t 1cm ot II t 0 ... 0 t U be notloedJ

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602 and Ir1ah n th rel tiona between the 11'1 h e.nd ot th1 ax1 d IUch at1st groupe the Ir1ah 1 bor OY ent and tb Ir1 h Volunt r will b ent In d1ac a1ng Engl1 h H e Ruler and Iri1h era ot Par11 ent 1 w111 be no 1o 4 tbat n, being L1berala, had or diver 11'1 nter ta than the Irlah Who thOugh little or than a cua in the Lib al P art7, d but one 41ate obJ ct1v Th11 div raltJ ot 1nt t on th part ot the Bngl1ah H Ruler 7 b x pl11'1 1n the per o ot !nata Ohuroh1ll 1 Lib e m1n1 er ) evinDD; W .s. Blunt Irish ra ot Parl1 ere tbe on h!ef obj ti'Yt O't the 111 b rev ale b7 d1 cu.aelng their r ct1o a to Carson an th poe ble 1t 11b H he d1 v a1t'1 4 1Dtel'e ts ot n ton Ohuroh U th Con e t1 1.n1ater of the Un t .Kingd ot or t Br1 1n Blunt md DOJl rba ot whoa v1 ita to I a n 2 be n noted, on another ooc a1o rd trip t ano r n1 a t to lucid tion but ev1naon, nt1on, ev1neon, one apaper corr apon nt baa alr d7 3 t S1r Roger Ca ent an4 on a t I becall acquainted t,

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603 tr hi xeoutlon arter onth 1a er (11&7 28) 1 Another o pp o d or e \11 fozo lPelan4 wae W1l1'1rd Soa Blunt. Iri ItB e ts 1D Ir 4 from th ...... L_...... ot the Parnell ov Arthur arUtltb al o 1t Cas ent l'Ot to Bl t: YOW' t 4 a.r 1n Ir lan I ha e ot n reJo!oed ov r. 1t you would care to e a wild Irtabman t ae1b17 ot your o1d Ir1 thop wbo 4 th dyn 1 e d n tor tt tbur Conan Do7l 7 4 r!bed 5 an nl lJl 6 ted spite of his lr1 h DoJl t ot H Rul but 1Jl tlo.l 1n t Xi h add b r adJ to t1gh.t tor Gr t 1 1n becaua "no word can tranetlx. England W1th0t1t the point F chin Ireland behill her" 7 a sem t n1 thi )'pot a1e 1n an ar 1ol wh1 app tn Il'1ah e _v1e:wu I will e w1 th 1r A. Conan Doyle up to tb.U point that t d t t ot Gr __ t BJ-1 ta1n bJ Germany t b tM cause ot

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604 momentous c g to Irelanth but I ditt r from bJJn 1n b 11ev1ng that that change must n ceaa 1ly be dis atroue to Ir On th ntra..ry, I bel1 o t the de! at or Great Britain by G n7 might oono 1v bly r ssult in gre t gain to Ir land. l Ir1 h ber ot Pe.rl1 ent Irish m er ot Parliament, ot coura wer 1n the van ot the truggl tor Hom Rul Since the pass ot H e Rule leg1e l t1on a an objeoti ot the Liber 1 Oovermnent r th.er than an isolated Irish concern, the conduct ot the Ir1 h t ction in th Rouse of 0 &'J b pu d over. Bowev r t words should be s 1d about th probl t t we.r ra1 d b7 C son and tbe prosp ot ot tbe partition ot Irelano. To nt that Hom Rule would result in the destruot1on ot tb Br1t1 h mp1re an e ent1 lly Unionist oon tention w Redmond, 1 der ot tb P 11 ntari f expr a ed hi selt aa convinced that 'JI Rul would result 1.n th gre ter uni tr and strength ot the p1r Dillon beli v d that Il'eland would take be r bar in all that p rt ined t o th Empire s a willing partner,. and T:lm B al7 (later to be th fi.re t Go rnorG neral of th I.rlsh St te) exp eted 'tb Unio n to be de rpetu 1 1th the assent or the Ir1eh p opl 2 Anoth r pl7 to 0 on w s the argwnentum ad hom1nwn. Tb arm which tb Ulsterm smuggled 1n r jeer d at a "woo4en 3 gun an4 T .P. O'Connor 14l Ju t 8 the sight cd an Abb ve Jl H a 1n Bov w u.npl aaa.nt whiff ot the w1nd1n b t tb r sometlifiig anc or Carson that eonv y to m the the pr1 on and the auf'fooat1ng 1 n e o t the L1kew1 T H a l 7 nil in 1st1ng upon "bL own personal 1! 1ng 1 "Shan Van Vooht11 Il' lan41 Germany and th Re 1 Jul11 1913 PP 217 218 2 Le oux olt., P 101 3 Healy, Olt., vol. 2 P 546 4 O'Pl.aherty, 0' .!?l:_., p 276. xt ar, Irish

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605 1 tor Silt Edwar-d oar on," tt certain ot Cal's on's Irt.m UPPOrt-8 era th t1r "1gno c ot aa 11o ot-de and p ee-nem. ,." ditt r .nt tJP or an wer to carson w a to to 0111 sort ot t1t1on of tr 1 d R or th t th Re ond!tea had agreed to partition w re not. d by T Healy a ly as 1913 and 1n 1916 h a 1di Although rt1t1on was not pas ed until 1920 1 t naetment w s d1 cern bl tour 1. arlier. H aly as so oppo1 4 tc p8l't1t1on that 1n 1917 h rote in a Pr ...... Thea pag giv a orter, and, 1t 1a hope41 1 a legal, a tt1ng to t _cts publ1 hed tfll:' th t1r t t1m 1 e tiv 7 ara ago und r th title stolen t r They eh1 fl7 eonoern tho e oountie of Ul ter lately thre ten d 1th verano trOll the r t of Ir land. The tor,., uch a !t 1e,. hu be r to-14 an a1mpl1t1 1n the hop t acQ\la1ntanoe with 1t 7 qulo n d b ight the ap1l'1t or r a!atanc to th at t craft ot Partition. 5 In elden llJ, 1t 11 1nt eattng to conj ctur wba t wO\ll.d ba ve happened 1t the R on 1 d tr t Sir w d Cara on tb .. ,. one of t ccordin to 1 tr t d P e H Par es R dlnon. d 1n 1914 1n 1st d t1on l Volunteers, 1h1oh had been t d to r. 1 t c on' thre ten 4 ch rrom Bel t at to cor ahoul be pl oed un .der the control ot th parl1 ent l der Pea..r o w nt into r belUon 1n 1916, opposed this. and w 8 8 ld to bave b en knoc 4 do at th tlng b7 on ot Re on4' .P.s. 6 .......,.....,...iiioiiiiiOiiiiiiiiin-.t !!!! IPleh In the tlrat part ot the pl' ent chapt r th relations bet-.H>n th Ir1 par't7 an4 t o s par t1 t group th Ga 11o Le gue an4 Sinn F in ... re discua ed. At th1a point th Ir1 h labor m ovem.nt 1 vol. 2 P 510. 2 :s. 4 5 6 21 P 559.

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606 and th Irilh Volunt will be introduo 4d1t1on 1 probl 1 1ch Ir1 ot th er or arl1 n d to olv without th h lp nd ot th ax! hioh be n call th "Union ot Heart a Th Iri Labor o In pite ot the t et that ineter th Irieh embers were able to with the Labour Party to ep th L1b ral Govern1 ent 1n power 1n Ir land th r or apt to s14 with the Con-erv tiv 11n1on1ate 1n ho atilit7 to Ol' anlz 4 labor The growth ot d1tt r n b t n th two elo t fir t but atter 1910 ,.t oo l r t b7 the n 17 fo ed Irish Transport and oen r l ork r t Untcm i'he chronologlc&l ob rvat1one will b bor t 1n 1 euea1ng the r latio 'between Irish b r ot Pa.rl1 nt and the Ir1ah labor ov ent. Th!a 1 not t place tor h1 tor7 or the labor mov nt 1n :trelana. H 7 b not th t it ba b n eaoo1ate4 with oral e1 o n and ph 1oal foroe 1n tb 1 eev nti bJ iohael ll oDona o deolar d ot tb trade un1on1et ot t t out his thousands a national or under his gt-e t t_.ac1e-union b n r ; de.p1ct1ng Lord d 1 sg r ld, Robert et and Daniel o oonnell 1n heroio att1tud e h rebed tor ilea thro th stre te tter th bands pla)"in8 the arin 1 ot the are n t and God 8 v e Ireland.' 2 The a rength o t th tr de union 1n lr land 1n 1894 hal been 1nd1o t tollowet or tb rounding ot the I A o s., and the ,.ear

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607 the Iri h 1 we have 'rr 4 r l I t a about th1 t e th t J e Connoll nd re rick Rran wer tir t b 0 1ng kno nd coord1ng to Prano.ia heeb Skett1ngton, 2 Wh n Connoll 4 to th trn1t St Rr b c 'the ole r con 1nc vooat ot 0 1a11 1n Ireland. R n it no wa a toro 1ll Ir 1ah l tt .. w 11 1n h labor a to 1n Ir1ah 1 tt r R,.an 1ntlu nc both t attl' and J ourn 1 or elp 1n h rounding ot the Irish tlonal lt r.r tor o -,aar e "Dan!, th ontbl r h1o h John linton' tounde4 1n 19041 r n t ot R n 1 oat nn et r1 t1o or ont in 1t-1c gin 4 tr t t ct tbat 5 oor 011v St. John Go d J "in 1n journ 11 r lat1on with t l 1 1 or ot th to 1 w r a org 7 1 ndl:y to lcno Sk ebJ lcett .tnp and th t o ot tb 1n p1r d b7 e Br1t1 t..b 6 6 7 a p t,., tt p to round a 11 or an1eat1on

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608 Ir lana. tth t ll d th ot Jl1cha 1 D v1tt who w to ha b n cha of the n tr 1 groupJ d beo us t -going le d rs ot th DubUn frad council 4 th 11'1 h r Union Congr a not 1nte.reeted in 2 th "to t1on of live Po1.1t1o 1 Labcmr Party. Ino1d nt&lly, lt migb.' be rth knowing 1t th re e &.117 eonn ot1on b tw en tbie proJ ot group and the ant1o1v1oal n w paper 1n which D Y1 tt 3 ahortl7 b tore h1e d th 1n 1906 interested o ors oor In 190 J. e Larkin, the "strik organizer. suco eded Wher Jcy'an, Sh 117 effington and the oth ra bad tall when h t bliahed. 4 the IP1 h T .ranaport d General ork r Union. A '1' later J e 6 Connol17 cl tr the tJn1tecl Stat e J and 19U th Dublin Lib OUl' Pe.rt:r waa tor the purpose ot un1t1ng 'th to.roes of Labour 1n or4er to secure th election ot independent labour repreaenta tiv to par liam nt an 4 loc 1 sovel'llJilent bod1 ff In January, 19121 nine ot its ten oandidat 1 1nclu.d1n La.rldn, w tl'e l cted m lb r the Dublin Corporation. L&t r 1n th a connoll7 nc0\11' e4 tb Ir1m Trad Union Congress to found an 7 Ind p dent Is-1 h Labou.l' Part7. The Iri h Tr-.n port and Gen ral ol'kera Union as b comins tttbe do nant tactor 1n the I%'1ah a Labour ov nt." In the tW' going 1c t (;)f t bistor, of th labo.r v ent in IJt .laull r ctor t al'la of t B ond1 t and th r tor 1t will not be surpr1 1ng to

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bi op ot t Ir1ah p 11 not t t ep t 0 Dublin 0 1 b ttle, T 0 T 10. 11. 12 1 1B t '1 609 1 1 1n Sl 4 t tb "411 er ot 1t mqb tt c the 117t lr1 uns.-4 ed the Ul t r VolUD rtol4 t wculA be r7 1o 4 rill! &47 41atr1 t .. he t1n1 l t t : 0 f.n OP' 1D phy, c&U''Ua.l...a.J an. d 1D th1 .... -bJ t1 _lJ' 10 e111 ..,......,...., alto S.c1ect w1 th < 1

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610 ph)' Dublin a le, o aurae oppo th atr1 rs: Inc1
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611 Ftnall71 at.r1 p had 7et another ro in AJ'thult Gr1tf1th, 1 hoae bostS.lit7 a ll kno L1 O'Plahel-t.7 had 1ae4 th op t 11 1 On Dieoua 1on ot ho who a w1U be 3 tak up en 17 b t 1 t 7 be not re that th t tkr to ed the rleh C1tla n AnfT th nalogy ot Ulter Volun-te r d th 7 anti lpat-' the to tion ot a ore uclus1Ye trl h Volunt r &l'OQP aou.th ot Il'eland. It 7 auo be not d t on ot th t'il'e ot 1nt lleotuale to dor the a etri era was o o.rs B n&r4 H aly r p11ed b7 calling tlw Cho ol te ao.ldiera. ( l ougb th1a oom1 opel' 1a baaed 694 v1a1n lt. ) Th t.1ot1 .. a s 1f 281 .....,....,_ l9t6 -A It P 186. ;;:;.=;;;;,.,;;:;,;;;o;;.;;. ............ pp ''15-'16.

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612 Shaw as a ood an Ir1ahman aa Ir land v r produced. If they had a t or Shawe and t 1 sa H ly 1t wou.14 be 11 the bett r tor Ir land. 1 '.rh Irish Volun r 1th the end of th trike th Ir1ah labor ov ent reced tram the prominent pl ce 1 t bad o ccup1e4 in the mind of the Irish mb rs of P 11 ent d wa suoce d 4 bJ the Ir1 h Volunt The Ir1 h Volunt r organization waa 1a1t1at d by the I.R.B., p o sibly 1nap1re4 by th Ir1 h C1t1a n y which had been rormed 2 by the Irish 'rr naport nd General orker Union. Th rea,olution ot th Supr e Oouno11 or the I.R.B. to ere te an Ir11h Volunteel' corpa w a fol.lowe4 by an article on th ubjeot in The Lead a Dublin kl owned bJ J) P oran which professed to b an 1nde 3 p n4ent ot h P rli nt y Part7 and to which 4 Ed ard artJD. d be n a contributor. Th n Bo1n Kacl 111 made h1a tamoua "hlatorio c llca publ1hed in tb Ga lie Le e official organ, !n Olpclheamh SBlu1a, on November 1, 1913, under the t1tl 1 orth B gan. 'rhe I.R.B. had c tully elected a "Provisional C 1ttee ot tw nty-a to "t ke th tter up publicly" and sought that 6 it n 1nees on the Vol.unte ra o lttee abould r a1n tmeWJpeoted. so ucoesaful were the Pentane 1n dieguiatng tb elvee that the In p ctor-oen r 1 ot tb Ro7 1 Irl h Oon tabul r.y oona1dere4 Sir Roger Cu ent and Colonel Maurloe Moor brother of' the novelist 1. 2. 3. 4 1, P 322. 6. 6.

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613 1 2 Georg oor th o t 1 port ant er ot th c tte on ov lib r 2 1913 th1a Provt tonal 0 tt prQDUJ.pted :s e t1ng 1n Dubl:la. According to th dr th Ir1ah C1t1z n an ocaa ., who ... lao historian or y tb lUlU' to wa d 1 d to app al to ev rr Irieh group but th labor mov nt a A ot iteato had be n sign 4 b7 anie t1on and b7 b r ot t: L gue o v ent t were b1tterlr and impl cablJ op. po. to the 1nt 1' st. ot Labour rr political 01 .. t had r oetved an 1D it tion to att nd the pr l1Jn1Da17 eet 1 h1le 'bour w 11 ntl7 ignored. 4 con u n t labor pr d 1nd ords tor only on b r the c ea I a th re, ked a'l!!, Ir1 orker, .ne reli.a'ble t tb ad ot th at1o al Volunte r V nt apart tr Oaa -5 nt who, we b 11 1 ne t and hon at?'" li bere ot the Ir1 h Tr aport and Gen ral o.r ra Un1.on attend th in ugural m t1ng e and 1 t quietly to the op ning re lea ot t oin aNeiUa A a vag 7 11 burst tr the Lib rtr Hal l apeak r, a at rn bl ckboarded n c d H atood tor tew nt w 1t1n. tor th upr08.1' to aub ide, but it onl7 1ncre s d ln vol In in ac eill request a he tng tor the p k r. H pointed out that tho ho bad o e tog th r that v tng d done o in the c u ot their c on oountr7 d t t no ottonal 41 pttt should intrude. Thia w a too ltru1st1c a pb.1loaopb.J the Transport or era. and a soon II c e111 had re < hia ae t th din brolt< out fresh. o'a th a p k rf' Bernard lc h11 n 1ghbor. 1Larr7 ttl o o' th ra. 'Put ou.t tb Lib rty Hall enf' yelled vo1oe In spite or the not e the dark man read out a long dooum nt

PAGE 137

R 1 1t v llmt 614 t vwa.ag 1 e. 01 1& 21aSAa1 t f t I .....,.....,. aua o o at 25 a o. Iri 11 t 1 be 'IIIO.IU094 tb.

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615 Ir1 h tull7 to 1z t dutJ .;;;;.;;;.,;;,;;;;;;;;p ............ th an4 pat .. iotS. Pt1.r it d upon t u h Xiour 1 Jlft 0 pt. 1 d T Clarke to o tnnu o o1D Volunt r on or Pro 1at c:mal not a P lana !bat R ent and llaole1ll s.n.tea4 ot to the t R B q ve be 4u to lgnor att pt to apllt VolUftte r At an,-rat Sir Ros r Caa nt, Boln Mao e1ll, Darrell P1gg1 a aD4 Al1o Stoptor4 Or n t 1n London to d1 o a how B ond ooul4 be pla t e I a 4 os.& t 1t there u anJ pro p t of the VOlUJlteere th R publica B-rotherhood ght ao o pt the t 1n v1tabl Then P1gg1a d an ott r h1ch w a to o n the ntil' eourae ot 4 th1a J'OWl8 t r1 1 1 lU L t r he wrota Botn oleUl a retu.m1ns to Dublin t night, en4 I us 8 t 01Rah1llt ab0\ll.4 0*8 OY I' 8 J l7 the t'ollo ng and br1Dg 111 th h1JI all. the b bad 22'1. P 15, note .;:;..;;.;:;::::::::.:.... p. 140

PAGE 139

616 In. t. 1 ott o M 1 ooea or the tJl. er Volut UOUI and Ca d 14 h!at o BJ end "' an I' I 4 ti thou. d n 11 otd 4 that he t a r mlt ao e111 1nten t llaa 111 8 to give R D a be tte4 to t Prov!.ll_ al. c On lune 101 R ... t OODbQl W thr at had b tb. oon 1 e o 191' 11 ott .u 8 guh. into Ir J.-D4 ol r: be-41 t o .. ,. a Oh 4 1t JOU. call. a alxtr Th Re oa4 4e e AI ct d to mob tbe an. l' 7 lin Inc1.4enta117 1 that a drllcm41t ent unl Bob em althOUgh .. r ot Ooqn 11 ot t I .a., Uob..,..S ita Cas I e 17 198.

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617 colonel oor d on with T 0 .r o with on4. and I r ru 4. 1 2 wb11 theJ w r to to tight Red H o ., " both c t n4 c elll thGught that BObao.n waa apok -maD tor I R B." 3 ond. Pur or be aUo to alt a advo te ot t 4 that 1t approv..S ot a F-' eins with r or rovlal t1 o tt.. 414 not alwl ot 1 61* S.on c4 ao 4 that nCid.ne a elect 4 b7 R OD4 thoul4 era a 1 'ding 1D obataole to ad 5 ship "betw en tbe Vol\Ulteera and tb Ir1 h 01t1c """' 7 .. .u 6 1 aders ot th I.R.B agr d. wtth h1m and tote 4 Bob on to real 7 all ott1o wh1oh h held 1ft the or n1 at1on. Purthe ore,-I!h v1a1onal the Bl'1t1eh Go l'JlJl t the Ir1eh Pul. 1 2 . tarJ 1n 1ta later

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618 gan ot the t7 ot that name, xcl e4 tbat R on4 as onlr a tool "in th ot Aaqui th d 1rr U Who wi he4 to l deatro7 the Volunt J Larkin 4 llO\UlO the e ct s.n th our Pr " J and a Sm1 r rt1olt 4eolute4 that the Volun.t r "tbrougb th ct1on ot tb 1 cut1 .. bad d .t1D1t 17 Jo1ne4 2 benet w1 Lab ' bitter t n In .n, the att elu on R on4 1 n"" to the Provtalonal Cosrait' e b e4 up by a cbaraot r 1n r oDutr,-a novel, s de or1be4 th. s c ooke and Jobber 1 rt a oOJIIId.tte b7 John ReCmontl 4 not tt r, od hla r pre ent th teeling ot the Volunt r 1t tb.,-do tbe Irt Par 7 w1ll ae to the with dr wlng or the 1 Prool a t1on 4 &)Oe d to a the Volunt era at onoe.' t the Irtah Party d14 neither. 4 (By wa,ot explanat1 1 J b noted that the Liberal Oab1ll ;t pro-h1b1te4 the pat-tat1on ot a a and aaNn1t1 into Ireland two da71 5 art r th to t1on ot th Ir1eh Volun-te r ) .. Tb R ond1 at til-at ote ae4 tln inS the Volun r a.nd aought to o t t theJ er 1nt ate4 1n sun l'\m ntng. But H o Rah1U7 oo vi tal17 oonc mea 1D Pig 1' 6 proJ ot1 later deolare4 1. 2 3 & 6 7. llr. a OD4' bo t I old, ca1le4 'L'Avenl 1 which m aha 1n Pre:noh n Puture c1 lt a Sngul. rly a pr1ate title, beoauae ah nev r c e vtng 1 tt Ail rp 4 w1 th1Dt .._ t ot the Irillh ooa t, she, tor aterlou rea1on, 11h1.oh w wore not ll e4 to a.l'n g bel' mind ILbout the Volunteer an4 re-tum 4 to B ls1 '1 P 222.

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619 o4 ratth or Jo eph Devlin an 11 tioal 1 era u4 the bo t 4 ot cleo! t o o.rumo In hi On .JUJ.,-e 191 wh1cll P1g1 Jtw.d aucoe atull7 DIM.I"'M!iolo d into Il'elanc1 ' Ho tl' lt1D Oh114 ra J&oht. !bat ev 1 t1 b oopa, 1rh1oh had tail ct to prevent the pl.Oit eho 111 1 p eto 1n a ho 1le ut un e d orowct t Du.bl 1n Ireland p rt1oularl:y bJ the 0 110 Le b7 1'b an4 tlr on an \Ul auooeaatul lnt a aupp l nt algned 1n ation W1th e ord ra to eba.rge 4t4 or nalec1 1 ,tS.ort oYer the V olunt er :E.e!. MrAugw t, 1914,

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620 1 In a tr th r w a t deb t on tbe ehootinga Par11 1t 7 be u ore inter t 4 1n tb 11t t1on on oont.ln August 1914. tbe d or 0 V e D t6 to 1914 atr gthen d Ull1 1 41v1c:l 1nto thl' part 1 til'at. the per1o4 1 le ahel 1 eoon41 th to t4 Rul in U1 t r tr 1910 to 1914J and third, the ot 1 B and lr1ah era ot P U ent during th a lat r period. Pnr ing the per 1o4 tr 1G06 to 1910 H Rule a 1 e4. verth le th Hom Ru.l ra r 1ne4 td.thf\tl to their "tJn1on ot Heart with tbe Liberal P MJ A a r sul Lord Ab r4e who had won tr1en4a UlOng th Ir1ahr1 an wa ap pointed Lord L1 t, an4 J a o a de Chi t Ol' t "' Whil
PAGE 144

on4 4 I>Ul nc!. Ot f'r to and t l .R The ta! btuln p rtJ tary le ra be 621 r all atta bJ Irillh urtr tte ett1fllton and h11 wtt the r thiz r a w1 t th 1' lie 171 0 w pt in J.B. te ot t Ir1 H Rul o t ietance to the G lie L gu 1nt -1t 4 !.n Ir1sb -.. .. e ..... ... .llliam th o t r1 .D. d A 8ull1ven. Dav1 t, al7; xton. oDonn u re e.xo t101l than rule. 01 Oo U 4 Parnll to ha be n 1n41tt' cmd could hardl7 be acr1b as us1 at1c 1n 1pl ot th tact that h ott re4 to find a tn Dougl a 4 Alth h no 11 1 c-1 c a.nd J.J. Bol were a aooiat w1 h 1t r 1n the t de in pi' ot t cl rical t t, 0 ot 0 gu ln 1oh the Lvat!)w.v reoe1 tr auah Ir18h aoholara P th r liW;{eJJIO O'Gro lt deliberatel7 an4 peo1t1caUJ 1 tter 01-I>Ol1t1 -d1tte n ot Gp1D1on. o el1o L pba ue4 the cult al dit t r Il' land and ...-4 t eto be con 1dere u ru -a aep....at11t OJt anuat1on. On th1a account the ct1 1nt 1ch Steph Gli7XU1 -.r., oth l'w1 a lo,a.l R 4 ond1 too in 11 GWJrin, Who na an ot 0 Ruse 11, wa tbe oat 41at1ngu1ahed lit rar:y an I h t 81 n1t1 -t17, p rba OWJM t f.n the G l1Q agu a pr ed 4 b7 1deno s ot &Jlllp th7

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622 with th 1o l to o p t1 ong 7 b noted th pr14e ot 1111 th O'Brien. hioh h took in b 1 Thl'ou th Ga lie GW'JDD w bro t 1n ont ot i th euoh ao o a G o g B o1n llacn 111 81r Ho ce Plunkett 4 P .J B1 ar, and with uoh F alt/r ae Alice illi Joaeph In ad it1on t tb auppo.tt ot Step n G'Qml he Irish Pa.rty t stminat r vi e to tb Oa 110 Le gu b7 suppo.rt1n th bUl to th ore t1an ot a t1onal Univ reit," or IJtelan4 h1oh a 1ntroduo into Parl1 'the gr tit ot the Le tact that trl a 7 w a not UDi t 1B gree1n that th Iriah la pul1ory 1ubj ote ff!ll! trioula tlon. a a r to b t 1 to ke th1a a An Iri h rat1 t gr to lilt G 11o tAt gue, YO dlJ 1Dt reet d 1n politics w inn ein. Po 4 1n 1905, ' w 1& tt w J' v aled b7 1te e.ry bioh a b row 4 tr 17 ct to tb G llo Le gue. Altbougb A.rtbW' Gritt1th'a n b tore U otb ra a bee 14ent1 with Sinn P 1n1 it 1 lapor\ant to reJI4!11d) r that 14n.r4 X .. tyn aa the tir t 14 t t .. u.o 4 bJ ohn Swe Sinn in call d D e Ir. r ot p 11 t to l'e-e th right ot the P 1 ent ot Elngcl t to Ir d and to r 1n t h. to h lp 1n pr ottng Il"e1m4' 1nt 1nn 1n 1 ,. t ed to 1n guarding 1t national rights. lJ the a ttent1on ot T B al:y t "G orge n Gw,nn tb I.B.B Ind e4, t o ber of

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623 00 to tS. llt1 1914 Ula bJ' 11' 1 Un

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624 th 1 tS.on 1n Ul t r beD eo t h t ooJtreapond t ot both Br1t1 n4 a s wer to Belt:a t 1n ant1.o1pat1on ot an outbr a !nd -- evln ona t the l'.1t. 1 oor-re 4 nt, b 11 r t one th Ge pere 4 Sir Ro er Ca ent that Ge uld aN'ard lWn g nuin ecS he p ln hie nona t reg&tn hi.a lnde pen4en I 1 1" p not n to point out t upon ta ot leal t QD 0 outh ot Ir laD4 loo 4 w1 th peo11 t a or the Ul t Volunt r 1D gltas boatload ot g'Unl 1nto Onl7 t tbr t bo 111t1e oontin !Dt and tb-pa -s ot b 1l a "tor the p r10d ot the Ul t Volunt ra. t 1 bJ d c lp 4 t the Rule Act 4 the aet1v1t1ea ot the 10 be indio t t t an nt p t1 lon ot Ireland 7 ot h toU er ot the lattu. 1 1n t th Ulat-o pon t the H e U .1-S P ot t 1r Rog Gr n. ei d 14 ot u h ept1o l north or Ir l.aad ta a t. Jo Oapta1n l t 1D M o 1U1 n obe.r 41 a or Ruaell aDd 11c stopt:oftl -1t 1 ot pa 1n not o lJ b ca th B Ru.l o.n 4 along with oe g rn d Shaw. 1r Conan P 1 .,... .. ,..... Ow;,nn but el.e o b .cause he a a e pon lble or un1 ulA d onatratlan 1n Ul t r Wh1ch no .. ,, --Catholic w r all to tt n4 md wh1ch wa d b7 oe Stopt Gre and S1r Rog r Oaa nt ae

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eU t t recog S.z or Cas l:da xp 1 G 11 Lo 625 t h1 Ul t r It'1 h1 ic toptor4 t'J n e.n4 Sir. fto r c 1 w, 1n h1 'l'tbed a, n t ttl! . 1. rot tant etln ot t l 1 8 17 .. 1 ot co t 1 ut lt t h1 tuter t s.n b d t 1906._ h outh rio to 1n tul'ther 6oclabt a a Cl'o 0 A.nt reat leo. I 1 1913. aft t a "l 1et. the t t e11g anda , In 1909 a B pnbl1& O'f So&Qt nth! 1l1 191 : Ulc tb leadere ot r c-........... -n bsan to . and 1t .. 1ng, 0 8 t upon the r \\1 t lan 1nal.l7 October, t UllJlist

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626 h1 .. stl tt t to t.1 t1o ltem 1n 1 tt-er to 1h wb1oh t 1t waa th h1at017 ot ot It-l1eh 1aUt 1th1ch ba4 to po otlce b7 otnera 1n Atr1oa and So :th o h aid 1Dh the B ftul blll reo 1ved au 1 ter Ptt ee t 1 alao aea at b7 ctu'taln Bn 1 1Ur1d except1 to r 1n w1 grant 0 t OOllt" Ar 4 -11 h r t ., o Ir luld 1n or r to pl 'fh6 on 4t U1 te Vol I toll tllo'ugb. h1 tQl'7 ot h pria e & -tht p1 o 1 the B Rul r and and wa not tt oted bJ the to 1n 189 t t1"1 t tea,. 8.1'1 ot p 11 t. t alluroh1ll1 B. evinaon, can Dofl. .1th th poaelbl ... lahtttett w1the4 Ir l.ar14 1r a1'tGr Bul' ha1 b t to pH--..-a 1 lon Ulat r tee,_ r aet an Iriah b ov poet tha. t OJ-bad lted ev t1on the Ir1 OonnollJ an4 or m pl tor th Iriah nt 11 not a a,_pathtlo bon 4 aino the xt1a r 4 Oongea rlok R7Nl en oonnou,. -

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S k t r 0 1 .. on, 1D Ire 78.11 al.IO d at. an 627 1 t o t oonvin 1n oo te ot ton Oll ot ll then ot Jolm inton 1a sa cat d 1n 1906, to toa aye t bJ J h l'q k ttl t it a1n17 att p tfo thn4 exile 1D 1 1n 19U, .... -.... -...tor the pupo ot 10.0 th wo o:t l"c I tJb.1 .... rr1n ton 1906, t lfhich tb.e,th Un1 or 1 at. 1 t1ll 'I olunt a th! 1.r 1nt r 1 1 t 0 d v1 to f 1n 1n 1 ll7 r 0 n ral p oth ra pr .._..,.wtlt; a ontt the act1't'lt1 nitll Ir1 h in tell tu ... 1 tore a opt infiluding G rge: rnar4 h Ia-1 'll'aa per G ne lin plop 1 1t d t __ ..,., ee ot th11 tr1k f()llowina t Irish Citu ot th \'Jl.at 1n or er to p eot

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628 t a to '1 b1 t Ir1 Ott a t t a t I 1

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629 to ot tll 1 on tnd R o 1 to le to t

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CBAPT R XIII URI IS VERSUS IAN! AND 'l'BB OEL'riO IS OE, 1914 1916 In tb t o prooed1ng ohapt tt the debt ot P n .ianl -an4 the c ltlo a1aaanoe to Ir1 unianlat .ana B Bulere 1892 be n 1nv t18 t On th ole it would that o rtaln Il'1ah Un1on1sta bad 4 th _-at. B v rth le th B e r ... _..._..-aU.r at 1 ast, aap tlt .. 0 r th co c or th Ir1ab ber ot Par11 ln th t allvu.r. H Rul will b 1nv at1 t 4 ot a.r 1n 1 1 until th ian 1nau.rr otlon ln th ob aervat1on that l07a'lt7 to t l 2 arcnm a ch t t care011 -o a h1 t and bee e or th .oabtn t. To 7 tb o ple 1 ot tb -t orpho 11 ot Parnell 1 su.coe eort 1n o Un1oniat th tollo wtn agatta w1U b a doptedJ ra Parl1_ who wer eeeld.rls Helle Rule w111 be 41o aedJ tb.en. their ttaok on ftl'1ou,e peote ot th a 1t1o nalauo w1U b oberv 4; th1l'd1 theilto ail noe the P n1ana b not1oe4J and 630 t

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631 t"'inallJ th t llur to hen4 t will o clu t e ohap r en John 2 t c1a p by nnouno t ditfl tJ IJz in 1916 t got Aa 1 1th, ' op ortunlt7 to c to a14 be had ak n h1a ttr t t p t 4 b t 71 John D1Uon 6 . ... a1 an Il-1 8 1t wou.14 a etopped 1r Hor t ,zo th B 1t1ah So phD vUn toU 1r o r 0 e n 1 p s pl rop o rvtce e. tn,at 9 r1 te but a :; 10 tor recruit to ll.o _.r to be 1 nt 17, a t&1n t to en 0\U."a Ir1ah 11 12 t 4 14 ta. 1' ., tin, I

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Bo v 1t oppo 4 to co cr1 tu:lt1 0 crt tl U 1ntrouu.,,_ not be appll_ std. irt,' 01v1l Se ot x lend ra 632 O'Dutff ot 4 .. .u;- th o th or IrelfaJlCl 1r .,oan.-en tloe 4 s.nto 1 '1 b no t th 2 lon tor l' 1an4 ancll r 3 c -pd.gn ot t 1r o laor)' 111Ut Jl Bul r r t th. P n 1 _-e Inde d tb op 1U !t 88Ul' tha 1t woulct Ir11h Jid.u to w ker. a th 6 to 1 .,. re oxag th !he 1-()JaltJ ot th Rul411 leader-a to th Crown into oontl t with o t ever, aspeot ot the Xr1_ le, The g1 I -6 ot 191 ... o BuJ.lets.p .... 2t: .;;;.ii_ ......,..jijip He 11 ua 1!. a

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633 t a at 0 f th Celti r nai anc In' th1 eOJUleotSon r., G ors i'e afto our1ou p u 1 In OOh t 4 11 a vuit l.e F nian wh n 1 Qu n Vi t 1a eit 4 t or tb. Boe ar. t on the o o lo ot t1o1 t 1n a ote 1 d be n a gan!sed b1 ud Gonn 2 Al'tJ.Dut Gr1tt1 and ward Mar J'l\ tter t1n1abing Av th tirat ol e ot H 11 3 oore quit Ir 1 d te Lon4 Ih tlda xtra0l'd1nal'J tr1 o 1 OOl' d ct ot oOM14erab1 att t1 to ah the C ltio r 1 Ir1 h gr1cultu.ral Or n1a t1on 6 7 SocS.etJ 1 S1nn 1n the Irleh ?.'h t 1 and tb G 11o Le gu But be had con t 4o 4 o a%' inccep t1bl and that, th retor , ll'el d would n an 8 Oa tbol! Cllul-oh rb it had expel.le the R toun4 ore an anglopb!l he vi he d1 aee4 tn. a1gn1t1oanoe until outbr ot tb. Dublin 1n 1916 9 r br w1. st. John vine a J)ll t t a 1ng b tw en lloor an4 ae e Ru ell, who t 11 to pl'o-Br1t1ah ntim ntaa vol. 2

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634 1n t ot a aio, to_ tb w1-1r1ng r t r noe to to Prenoh lit ratu.r and to the l'fmoh pr ae1on -1at p lJ t. 1 th Il't H -Rule le 4 tr d not son as Moo lt 1 d t 11 n tb G el1o L t t1n o not tha b '1ng th t It-1 b A 1ou.ltural Ors 1 t1on Sooe1t_,.,. to Oa tl\o 10 Cb.ul'Oh. Iri ah Agr1 tv 1 org 11 t1on Soc1 t7 so t thatR uo pt the 'l'h n ot Ir! A ob ned Geor U alao un t eu;ppor ed tbe Gov e.Piae 1t w1tbdr 1 ot tund tr Or 1a t1 t R 0Jl41 a biographer ha a 14 pe t ot tbe Ir1eh revival 1n th1a conn ot1on. t haY 41 approv ot t1Dent ot gr1cul tur and Technic In tl'U.ot1on 1ih1oh h ba4 "in., 181" out ot the oon-4 aervat1 BQ9. t anl7 an er, I

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635 G 1 oontrOT r Ill 1916* b 0 4 oou rtb te t 1f' on X 1 Die B or v r 'le ... G r u lfl' with th. p 1 an41 c1 1 irr elllon 1916t 6 The oa 11 6 o1n o 111, V1o G e 1 L o o BJd ld nt tt r 1 9 1 t ondit 6 r "d. andin t ot t Ga 11 L--... ... trh o du t t 'f. Bus ' 1 14ent ot the PliW'tm nt ot Asr1 -. and 1 1 In OlmO the wl -.1 ot tunda tr ., a 1 19161 P 3 l.l8 ttn,

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636 1 ola s 1n Ir11h J be oit as oorr o.r tl"f vtdenoe t -ocm'V'en 4 b7 tlW Gaelic 2 cU.. t 17 prote i= nt. T th Irillh at1onal Lite soo 7 took e ot th GaeU o Le gu. s J., pol't th 1.1t o ahool w1 Bl'1t1 h Pul nt r s oLe 7 Curtla ( pr vl al7 4 1ta p t m.n Bduoatl 'l'he R Ill dl an to 1 V30 to lSSO Cfo tA gu t of a 6l' 1 t J e IO'JC a J>ub11n t 4 ) th so.o1et7 ob onow b 6 ht n that the 8 o.t' 4 41tt Hn with h l)'11h Agr1oultural gue the Ir1 Hcae Ru1 leader alo c into ontl1 t with 1't n 'b r ot the nQIIu.n 'I c tbollc Church thO\lgh, \U111k lloor ln latt r 1n tanoe the7 er not lYe o dft.eti ao ttGn .1t 1 e. 6. e. whlch a Jla1'X1t h& aa14 that vu., on 1916 has 0 ., oh to so 111s e t1r l.J wo wh h ......Miiioi ..................... bl'\la1'JJ 1 16 128J 15&. b e.r71 lP

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637 1 2 e41tor. Pound d b for the war, ln 1916 lt b gan to pub11ah det 1la about the b1 r phi s ot th la. ho bad taken t in th r b 111on ot t er w k d c ont1nu d "until th proud tor7 ot their dvotio to the oth rland -iD th c!m1r tlon of our 3 scattered peopl in all p ta ot th rld. .liiiiiiiii......,...,... po1nte4 out that pl'1or to 1916 I.r1ab er P rl1 o t R veren4 Doctor O'Donnell R o thol1c B1 hop ot Rapho Cardinal Lo 5 ed th Mo t 6 the cen or to ev n4 D o ctQl" 0 DW7 r 81 hop C'd Xel'r ho det1 d r1t a Small t1onal1ti a an4 the wrong ot Belgi and Rhe1Ju c thedral, all t other oo aopol1tan oonaid ratione that rou ntbua1a ot the Iriab P&ortJ but do not g t en ot recl'Ui t1 1n gland, are tar too h1gb-f'lJin8 tor un ducat p ant J d lt a 1 a l wrong to at tack th beoaua thq cannot r1 to the 1 vel ot th 41 ... inter t d r1sm ot oo or and th r at ot the Bl' 1gaae. '7 Furthe ore, 1t not d tba "the C itt ot C tholic Bishops a oteate4 a inat the h1 h taxe p1o1ous ot Aro 1 hop Ino 1d ntall7, our10\ls 1 2 6 a a d tbat Dublin 0 tl c tbol1c tract, !!.,_Behind a tional_ Struggle, !!!,! a P l05B tin, ullet1n,

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638 8 erl tical r llgi tli' 1 ot ot 1 ob rY r "All s to :rounger n4 or o 1v priest db n tur orop Load ra ot C tl1ol1 Bull t suoc s to 6 th apli 1 1'- t1 4 th rebelJ.ton 2 ... part in r t .l1 tiona tao_ 8 "it pol1t1 1 1 w 6 t 1111 art1n 7 d 1 o onP n11.tU y 20, 1916, r he ex cut1on ot Pearae and other 1e e ot e-. r e 11on. it d elarod 1lh t w ttl ... 0 0 b 0 1 .. --th v ... t .raitora 0 1 : t -and. trator. bnv b 1 pl and t .tt -an, r %" 1a no ch tor 8 u H e 1nsl ou 1rli' in tot' pal'ti On r sult s. :5 ... 5. a 7 e 9 01) 1n1ng o-r t r1d1cu.loua word 1nn ein lt-, 9 be t anel.a.t au -1 'l' ," 'lhie "euppo ., a

PAGE 162

639 oppob 1ou te o 1nto us bO\lt tb t e when the paratist 14ver1n Volunte t shortly att r the outbr ale el t split t or the l't The u ot th t 1 ou t a v 7 ubtl It the glieh peopl b l1eve th t hos who a d with 'Re -ond w re either Fenians or crank or both. '.rh1 action d, he>-ever, on rath r cur1oua ault. Clll th t tim on the Irish Volunt ra w r kno 1n n land. a the inn Fein rs l oll 1ng the split, the a p rat1 t wing ot tne Volunteers h ld a Conv nt1o at the Al)b y 1'h tre, Dublin, on octob r 25 ,1 2 1914. organ of th Home Rulers, was ho til : S ba quentl71 the R Rul p.r ntl7 a "r v 1 11ng Sinn 4 1Der and T P 01Conno as "In ve llho pret nd to b tool 'l'h1 att1tud on the p rt of th H -Rul r has b en b ld r p one1bl tor th uppre alan of nu.erons newe per at Taking its cue trom the Ir1ah art7 tt eke, the London 'riSes ot ov er 26th, d tbe lppreea1on ot th Il'1 h Ir land. newspaper ohiDs se41tion. .At th e time S1rm land" The Oa thol.1g tin,

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640 0 1n a p l o annop4 t 1D llla . Ol'Uf1th 3 th. over a 0 pp 1J Wlt11 Ir1 o t aa Ol-1tt1 eln lt tleh or t '1 t,n an Yet 1

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641 Cor pOl"atio 1 and out 14 itt b7 r dins th r t wa r pre-a nted a11 a litarr doo ent, indio ting that all Sinn Pein 4 Volunte r le er w 1'8 to b arre t d torthw1thJ th_ a ot S1nn int the Volunt r the o elic Lea the o t r L1 b rty 111 ev n Arcbb 1ahop s Bou , Drwacondra, to b aurrounde4 and iaolat On the morrow the Pr char ot r1 th doc t a t ke; but, 1n the a oap re ot th hour. it or t d r'J w1d spread un r t and not a 11ttl nx1 tr. 1 On April 251 1916 1nn Fein l ped into 1nt rD t1onal t en Cb1et s or ar7 Birrell auppl1ed the London pr with the first otr1o1al n ot t Ol.ltbre k ot th reb ll1o : At no<*l '1 t rd r r1ou 41. tu anoea broke 0\lt 1n Dublin. A . rge bod7 ot 14 nt1t1ed with the S1:nn P !era, oatl7 &.l"'l1 oo pled St ph 1 a Green ana tooltj)c: I aaicm t'oro1blJ ot the Po Ott1o wher thq aut the tele r aph and tel phon wire 2 Th n on Ap 11 a t in tha ouae ot Lord Lord Lanadotrne call d 3 th r b 1 "s1nn r 7 tbia t e th n stnn Pe1n had n n1 t t Cork oonatit d or1b 4 Gr1tt1th' l'tf a a an o g 1zat1 "pb.ya1cal tor Bat1ona11 ta. And v t or 41 t s1nn P in w1 th b 1ng the v1n tore 1n t h 1916 r 5 b ll1on. Theil' P!J.lgr The 1n ocur cy ot 4 0!'1b1ng tbe 1916 r1a1ng a a Sinn Pe1n rebellion c b quic l7 4 n tr t 4 Arthur Or1tt1th,

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or 11m w J onl.J th ol fur l' DO 1 1 s a 6 642 1 1D 1 07 00 l t: t tl & blo 7 1 t 1 B d wll t 0 s t s.t. ot t 1 1' Ir1 or I or1.tt1th thr 1 tr1 OS.t1z n81llt 4: 8 0 I 1 e4 a ev r' 1 th 0

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643 c naora p b7 hi t Uni n1at po 11 1 ond1t hoped to 111 o oppoa 1t1on to 7 ala o be n ion ct. Pr a 0 aor p ehr ce ha 7 b en e to ppr e1on ot var1oue 1 lent n p pers. !b1 attack on t 4 ot th pre11 was the wol' ot o U t1 on Goyerftllent, 4 atter the ou.tbreak 2 ot 1ch 1nclud. 4 Sir c aon an4 P Smith. Re ond retua po t 1n !t but attered no obJection c 1t paaa 4 s "o rei Act to oppot1on 1n It-eland. Acoo 1ng to Arthur L)'ll ,. P .. 1 papers the o 11 ion Governat nt was supported 'b7 th H e Rule pres 1 Th orthodox t1 on 11 t p per The r 's Jou,rnal, t and tb8 'In4 p 4 nt w r trongl.7 ln ot G e t Br1ta1nJ but the paper th t U the t'r1ng ot tl all or 1bioh str1 e I tbe'J' t 1n & de per nd . not. than the lr1ah 118m ta.rr P t7, the ra wer it pot pro-0 t least ant 1recru1 tln inn 1D, t The Iriah orker, 'The Ir1 Vol\U'lteer, Irltth Fre c1 ' 1' (Ireland) and The Lea 1- wer 1 ther au,pp.tte4 v warn d by. the GoY ent. Tb oael1. o rlo 1 t Ol' ot the ph:p1oal tOI'o n 1n ri a and th 11r11h or which up to t war had a adtaatq dYooat4K! pollq ot Redmond publl he'd art1olee ot auch a w.re that tb Gov l'D ent prohibited thir J.r0\llat1on 1n Irex..n4. o t ot th fOW\ er en t1on ot oet t 1n plratora, deolared ror adftlloed at1
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644 d core ot oth r 1 ed atter th .fir t Sir Ro nt, who had gon to Ge 7 to k help tar th! Irl h u t s a particular thorn 1a th 1d o t the Gov rra nt. In th t"1r et n ber of G .J'1t1'1 th 1 E1r an article by him aide Ir lan4 baa no rel with t G an pl or ju. t oaue ot no against tb n-land ha prr r at th hand or r1t1sh a 1n1 tr tor a mo prolan 4 r1ea ot evila del1b rat ly 1ntl1 t d than an7 other c 1tr ar o1v111ze n 4 The p r urg pas 1ve 1 t noe to c pulsory mill tary erv1o t e no g1v n t o Rog l' Cas nt bJ the G rman Aot ... 1ng seer tarr o t t tor or 1gn Affair to the cont plated 5 ot1on ot 9 san troo U the,-eh d lan in Ir land s printed 6 C nt oonat tl7 a ta. 4 b7 1 which u thooca 1on ot th inld.n th Lu.ai tan1 t a particularly viol nt outbur t: l 2 :5. 6 6 7 a 10n wond rs wmt apolo57 Sir Roger ca nt rill have t :e t o r th 4er ot Sir Hugh tan the m uke4 1tol'1all7 'Such d atha a t e w! ipht ot Irtat or r han 1'o.o11ah treaoiier.oua, cowudb nd un-.Ir1 b t aqing -etbe hear t ter: that thie 1e o 0\lr rl ftl ee th1' Irish 11v mak qu.arr 1 n tor an7 p$Opl that pretends t o the n of a nat10lh '1 he hear or a 8 ppr s ion in Ireland, Ca ent wrote 1n 1'18 lr land, The Catholic B p.ltet1n, l tin, p 116. ...... .............. ;;;;;,;jiii;;;o;;iiiiii ..........

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645 o the p per In add_ 1 a goodl7 n\Jillb r dbook a aeo 1 ell r auap t. In 1a d ot to a o talogue ot the public t cm.s 1o t v iou t w-1 the t el. on pr ceding th b llion. In aM1 ion to the pa r alr nt1on it 1nolu4 4 .;.;:.;;:::,;;;.;:::;.. h r app not ent1on OlUDt 1' J ounaJ. C e I'll ---- Hut 0 opl ndtx ot doouproduo p _ra c1roulat1 on... to Jabn Ue. 1tor Oount ae a .. olon.,. Editor. al o be report d. In Co ther _ln, J 4 lh blln there aoSw1ney and The Ir S.th C1t1z n l. e. 3

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t Iri Ir1 c ot 1t p G 1. 646 t 1 0 -Irl 4 0 -0 :1'

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647 H 1-t( e

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648 1 a pl' 1d nt, and Ro r ord ( dttor ot the Irl!b Ol'ld), J'.It. cGu1 J r 1 A. o L rr and the n Doe tor P t r Yorke 2 war d it'eotOJ'e. Th tUJ.-e ot the P bU e adil1nts tered to t b& R ond1t by tb Ir1 h cse Con ntion b ather t .toll owing ack on ord, Ino1dent 17, 1n view ot the w U tmown hoet111t7 o.t' tbe IndUstrial orkera ot the or14 to the wu -.h1oh b gan 1n 19141 1t 1s cu1ou to note trs. r1oan lon ahor en were tUe to R on4 pol.! 1e In th1 connection J Oormoll7'. 6 att1111 t1on to t In atrial orker ot tb cn-ld 1e 11gn11'1oant "1 as w 11 aa Larkin s arr1v 1 1D 1c l.J t 1.11 l 14 althouab ther 8 to hav be a ooolneae b t Connoll7 t latter., Th Ir1 h Volunt .ra In ad41 tlon to toresotns r rk about pr a oeneorabip and the uil d ohildren in rica, the Irish Volunteers dee rve notice. At outbr ot th w tb Prov1a1on 1 0 tt ot th1 t1on con t ot th o.x-1g1na1 grou.p plu m qual 6 6 S P 7 0 Catha 1gh, .2.1! o1t PP 49. a .c. O B r:l 'PC>rtra t of .reb 1 Father, PP 210..216 orld

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vol r t 1 a 649 t to ...,.

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650 R on4 t kn tion Vol\Ult r il the Volunt ra 1 b 4 the itt e }'. kno a th Vo1 t on t rr t1 to a "com 2 bc>7 In Il'1 er d crib d "tr 1tora, oo " 11"1.: narr 1nde4 and ad ocate ot th rut 1 polio,.. In v1 th t ot that th 11-ieh VolWl e r d eiz 4 erg 1zat1on, the R ond1te cided to pub -liah th 1r per a 11n 1nor1tr not onl seized the t Vol e r nd f'l t drill Ir11h Vo t &-a on41 te dwindl d theiJ-' th The eigrdti oan o t the ian o.t t r ek :r. 2 3 5 6 And Ir land. !he c -

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651 l 16 ob& c p the Iriah ent l d r Per-hap th !X th t d arr st hic. h tollo d 1t t lur 4 c 1ved Ginne l' 0 ut not th ct no wtdoh 2 11'1'1 otte 4 a t popular v rdiot .. pl'te8 ed b .. t ot onlJ 414 B 7 oon.tr 1 t thl tor7 ot th oh rin th Ir1ab r present t1 at tJilinate but he al o a tt pt to %CUlt h1 ollent,, 1111 ltart1n ur 6 1on ot tb r volt. tb Pi 1ng 81D ane end Ol"illinal" J an on a. t rr th latt r ' oQDduot _or 1n it tlrat 1 ctlJ vol. 2, P s 1936, P 561 62

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o 11 d totth ot h their b Oa ent or 1 6 5 2 der a r 11 t rial ln 60 at oalling t the exe1mtion 1 on en Sir Rog r 3 1916. on b7 Sir Art Oonan Do7l Cl ort r th r Rope.P1 H ., 6 X v1n on 4 Al1oe wrot l.on 11 heds Cas nt to 1n ter wbioh 1n8 r .D&JJ.Rd an b7 n. Shaw a 1ndetat1 abl at h g tting pUb .;;.;;;;;; ...... b G us 1 t W te4 US. 1t t.-4 to w dl'a1' 4K1, not onl a n r 1t1on 1 e :5. 5 6 P '17

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653 s Il''lil-U"-11 ----0 ... D :1t o-. .. NKJ' c aJ

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1n p 11 nt 1n 76 nt ao p d 1 le o 2 654 9 a thel'e 1 no l th. bt that he r tus 4 to th r P mell auld ba e otect lp c s It oth r 1-e R and ye_ 1t t1o_lt to 1! oud vi" ph)'81 1 t 0 proY ct at t po.rt7 to t so t t w1 0\lt, 1 0 l t on4 bad 41 be1'ore 4 this d b cl John D1llon, hO ha4 oo cup1e to b en a nt no to d 8 1916. B t a tor )"() .. tl'Otlgho 4 he "' olUl v era co ha4 1n the : t r ek r1 ina, t ou bl' Parl1. nt o a o w 1n 191 th Ir1 r ot r:r tlsta 111\o and the c 1. l or t w o er 261 P 3.2 s. plet d th lr est @ oaia A p all 1 b t n tb 1r his drawn. oore 11ke a nlan w Yo.di Plh 3'77-3'78. . d lgl 'p .ftM e.

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655 1n 1900 but auba u.entl7 aoott d t the Ir1ab Agrloultur organlaa t1on Soo1et7 4 ot r aapeot ot the Clt1 r nai ano,ven qu1tt1ng th R c t olio Ol'.xtirOih BJ 191 he had b oame woh an ngloph1le th t cr1t-1 1 4 h1 torm r t"r1enda,. Euno lle;rtl' end G g R\lae 11, d d1 mi the E t r reb ll1on a a "11 1"8 br wl." Ir1 h her P t wb> w r eeld.ng lkae ul8 had upr a en1 ent t lAte as 'the outbr ot tb Boar but aub tmt sen ta ba b !br ott R ond led b1 toUo er 1nto nett olo r 1 tiona 1th the Br1t1ah Lib ral P ty. 'l.'hJ ot w: 11'1 tb th cen Jtal. Po ere unl teet the a rsonit e a t H aln a c to ot the t7n1te4 ng4 ; btl 1 t o l tb th Ir1ah b s ot P 11 t 4 tho tore 1 to d b o ane ot the Celtic renaiasano or Jo on4, 1111 O'Bl"1 ., T H al7, John Dillon. Jo eph Del1n tbur Iqnoh, Steph. G nn and T ,p. ooonn<>r tt pte4 o r .&de Ir1 n to Join th Br!. t11h they o into contl1o with th Ir1sh Irel 4 ovement 1n al.ltost every-J So tar th4t Ir1ab 1oultul-al Org 1at1on Soo1etr the Ga l1o 1:,'!!) gu 1 1:lh no Oathol1o Qlw,tah are coaoern84 the oonduo ot th tr1 of P 11 t might be 4elol'1be4 a a tol'll Cd p& 1ve re 1 08 but th 1r aOn4llC towar4 more m111-t t Ir1 Ireland oupa oan onlJ be de orlb d b.J or vlsoroua languag Ot th thr 01'8 n1a t1on ment1one4 ae having experienced

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656 tn pas 1v r ai t4Ul e ot th H<11e Rul le d r 1 th Iriah grloultural O.rgan1 t ion oo1 t7 1 not Ol't e. ly as 1900 R d-nd d d1 assoeia himo lt tr th1 1ch th n e linked. r er ot 1r U r ee Plunkett an o 01' e oore are o oloael7 pport the Govern d olar t1on or :PJ.un ett nt R t to r ain ne..1trd. H(Jlrever 1t may b aswne4 bo ot t ot th p.ropoaal to with a f'Qnd the D p r nt of Agrl. cu.l tul' d eehni In tNotion of w h PlWtk tt bad b n th f!r t ohiet. Yet onl7 one Ir1ah Ginn 11. er ot P l"liuent. as d th1 d1 approval, LaUl'mo.e Go ng p ond1te were "awi1&1ld deno t conduct p of gricultur or th G lie gu A ev1 .P. 1 V1oo-Pr si_d !Dt ot the De-leal truetlon 1n announcing the witbdl' al o grant t'r G 11 ooUe e and th. 8\18 na1on ot r olas e 1n I 1 w a cit d. Th1e lllltlou.no ent waa gr ted w1 th so uch 41ea.tr otton 111 Ir le.nd t t Go e.rmnEmt restored th ta but one aa 1n h Iri Parl1amet had tailed to d t nd It-1eh Ireland e 1ntel'eats at ea J.nst .r. Th1 iff rene ot the Irish put7 to peoul1 rl7 Ir1ah prdbl also 1 nt in th R ppue t. 1n its l'e tion w1 th cel't 1n aepe.r tiet Oatholia a sult the moral ua 1on1 ta tound a d oi4 dly annoying e'1t1o 1n 0 tinol1o BQll 1eh coll cted eVe.tT e r p ot ev1 nc to ahow that m ot the Rcaan o holio h1 r c w re unZr1en4lJ to the Home Ruler a. Howev r, th1 hostility ot 7a. 0 tbolio BY.let1p was balanoe4 b7

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657 ch had con ervat1v r put tion re ohlng b ok to ite tao a on Parnell in 1891. If th oon ot of th lr eh Bcae Ruler to the tor "'" go in or t1on c e 4 cr-ib d a pa 11 v .reat tuoe, auoh 1 not th tor-r oz t il' r ion w1 o r o..r 111tant Irlah lr land aeon u e Ruler 1-a out Silm etn o 411plae the wo uae and a a r nlt th pbraa "'Slftn Fein tr#' tho who act1 17 sought to r1 Ir luld or tt 8 in1t1at d bJ ............ ....... John Dillon and 'l'.P. 010 mor and ubaeq\1.eDtl7 was ta up 1n th House ot and 1J1 the Lon o As a lt; the act1v1t1es ot Arthur Gt-1tf1th c1 d 4 with euap1olon 4 vu1out n pre a 4 P rhapa Sinn e1n a the 7 wbioh associ t were IUPt obl ot1o h1oh th H Rul ra bad to tt r oppo 1tJ.on to tr1 .. en 1n tu oppoa1tlOD h1oh dated b ck to ita t att 1n 1905 t any te, on l6 1816 a sen at1 s or ted 1n th Dublin Oorpor tlon b annO\UlO that Dubllll o tle about to r t al th 1lU1 in le er but the ol!Nx waa r ch A 11 25 l 16 wh S1Dn Pe1 ner wer m1a takel7 Cl'e41 ted havin la oh d a ter eelt revolt b7 h London preaa on on re e1ftd tr Oh1 t Seor tar7 e r _beUton, o.t ooure 1 wast wor ot th Fon1ane or I a. a the7 w r now l d In th .n1t ato lob oolatmed t to a on ot republic tib leader ot the Reb .ll1on d Iriah Volunte r 4 "exiled

PAGE 181

658 1n erioa" s th 1r le ding l,lpporter F\U'th rmor these groups ha! beetl p t1oular11 orlt 1c 1 ot the Un1on1 t course which the Il'1 h H Rul r d b n f'ollowins. In supp.t-sin thia cr1t1o1a the ulers had been aided b:y "Ooero1on 1fh1cb suo ed at lAast 1n s 1 no1ng auch d1aa1dent opinion a tbos expres Cl 1n br1ng1. periodical under sp1e1on ot ae41tton. Ir land' ex U d ohildren t.n r 1 a xpr s d: the d1 appro v al ot tb n B ul lin not onl.J 1n 0 Irish or64 and tb but alao through Olen n Gael, a "Def' nee ot Ir lan4 Pun d lr'1ah R o Oon t1on .... tM 1 n4s or .. "' Iriah Pre QSl and b1, er lO)Ilg hor8lll n hO belong d to the Int mational ra ot th orld. The Iri h Volunteer d a.l o b er7 Ol"1t1c 1 th Un1on1at tendeno1ee ot the B r Tb Prov1 1anal CQmmitt n1 ged by th addi t1on ot e on4' ppoln aharpl7 d1v1d d by ond1a w po11oJ an4 a 1'" ult tb organization split into a edMond1te taction and an opposition group 1 b7 Eo in Jlao il_l, bich x-ta.1ne4 the n "Ir1a.h Volunt r At t1rat th edmonMt Volunt era wer powerful b:y virtu ot num.bra but a th w continued the I .r11h V o .lunte r bgan to ov rtak the Th n a.tter th at r elc reb llion R cmcU. Volunteers appear d lto OOD or th 191 1 urreotion tall beyon th scop the p.r sent rea ,rob but it ma7 be po1nt d out that th ri 1ng c pl ted th expo 1t1on ot th Hom Rul Party Unionist

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t Ocr. otP 4 tha 1 to 14 af. b olea thtilcue n 1910 l1rd lU.Qgd diA neU' or t ws. 659 to go 1t t X 1 t! th 0 1 10 ""'V,.,. ..... I!J In spite 92 Whioh tetw UlR r be-unt 1 t p top ......... .. s.n ol lin or Ue 1ft thelr "t.JD1 or to 1

PAGE 183

OHArTBR XIV FE'R I.AB ISM IN OE ARD GREAT BRITAIN 1892 T t preo din ohapters have been d wted to what 1ght be d aor1 d the eJttemal r lations ot Fen n1 and tbe Celt 1o na aane That 1, the tt ot ot Unionism upon tbem baa b en atNd d In the re 1nder ot the pl'e nt 1nvest1gatton, the aot1v1t1ea ot oertat_n exponents ot p 1oal tot'O and leader ot the Iriah r v1v l will aer aa a baa1 for an anal7ais ot the 1n emal relation b tween t two group ln the n x.t thre o ptera various aapeotd of t a aot1v1 ties outalde I lmd will e d1 ou aed. The p chapter will be d voted to rano and G at Br1ta1nJ and the two 1mme41ately tollow1 will be oonce:med w1th he Unit d St t In Fr nee Tbe following diacu 1on ot Fen1an1 and the 0 1 tic rena1a no 1n France will b divided into part t t1rat a h1 tory ot th Ir1eh in p no to 188?J eoond a=e Ir1ah x1le 1n P ria atter 188'7J thir 1 the '98 ce naey; and fourth, J obn o8r1d and t A history ot Ir1ah r a 1n Franc 1ght well begin w1th the 1ld Qe who bad aer 4 in th Irish Br1s-d n ben 660

PAGE 184

661 1 an ex11 1n Franoe o t att r 1871, Jo O' Lea17 fcmn d th Saint Patr1ok' a tbe d c ndar.di ot tlae 114 Geese. aud Gonne ue to a t d t a ual banqu t ot th1 a n v r a 1 Par d of on auoh attatr w:rot T all .and very el ct, Mld 1n a taah1onabl tba P 1t the w n too, wa an xil 1n nc 6 Jolm or..ar1' "Prlalan c1x-ole ."' 7 friendly wlth Mad 4 t 1 . nd whom he d scribed a waa quit t lt, 1natead ot going baok to the 1 l d Geee, tbe h1 tor1.n of Irleh retug ln. Pftno 4 c1ded to 1 1t hie .1nve t1gat1on to e the ntn t ent c ntur7, g E t. At a 1t111 later 10 a1d. Then, 1n 1860, t s. 6 1ght be 1n with .olt 'l'on. or te the Young Irelandera awght ncb ablea wr r raed wben the French ot L.... Qu en, P 165 a. 9. 10 PP 55. Yowog x l nd and Franoo. 11oU

PAGE 185

668 Go nt aought aid: ot John ltchel 1n t1c1p \1on ot 1 ho t111 tea wit t Unit d X 4 At r t ar, howe. Jt lat1o b t n En land nd r noe b ca 1n Jlo er Oaa t potnt d CMt 1n 1911, Cbarle X. Britain and t d a \Uldet-1i n 1n t en a at v 4ere of l ... 'I t another point 2 16" p t Dublin It-1b retqg s r.no m1ght b t rrs.val ot J'obn o teary 1n ParJ.a t att r ht leae tro prlaon on tbl con41t1on that 5 be would beO. an exll Ouriou ly enOilgh, ocorcllng to W .B. Y at ox.e ey,. like t ngllah, a t tlo to the P neh 1n t be Franc o-Pru. ian ar 1 been c mde 4 o nty r' penal aen1tude but bad been aot t .ree ett r 1 ond1tion t t t. did not retum to X 1Aan4 tor t1tt 7 ra. d aa1d to the Oo t" I wlll not retum 1t Oersaany es w r on you, but I will turn 1t no dot'e n or note,. w n o to ar1a11 r. t 1. 4 *84 t i:t lmowl 4.ge o t reoo tlo ot Jobn ot l.erJhos ba long been. ellow xile wit 1JA ry in Pari wont to aettl ot 1t exitence alden it !oore,

PAGE 186

l w h o me o Lo on 1n 1880, ,an4 J Stephen ema 2 alae o ha e b n tr1 dl7 with T'u.:r v 1 Jtopotkln, Stepnia and 3 Wbistl r while in t noh capital. When Jo o Leary wa allow d to r turn to Ireland in 1884 t d:y !t o p 1gn waa at its he1sh and, lt would a e o rtaln t-lon 4J1Ulm1tard had d -Parle their 6 dquart ra ur1n tbea opentlon But 1884 1a not an appro-priate ar 1n 1l h tJo b gln a biatory of It-1 h r tuae s beeaua nglo-renob r 1 t1on .. p -rtloul rly cordial t that t an t eh Gover expelled J Stephens, t old enlan d 0 nt 1 1.n the bel1et tbtlt w ln e wa7 r -6 pon tbl.e, For the purp ot f). t 1nveat1ga 1on, bowever 1 it a me moat ap oprlat to in tbia ort ketch ot Irieh retu in 1n 188'7 e 1n t .bat yea!' ud Oonne took a a age o tlw OJJar tor noh po11t1 al p rtr, be Boulan g1ste, tro Which abe hoped to get help tor t riah r publican 0 Ul T Irish oolooy 1n r1e, lea lng e1de 'bit 1tudenta 8 ot t Irlah College " 1no1u
PAGE 187

11 r 1e in 1WI nt o re r .,. Bll1tl1'.'MI18 oU 'Dll"'FBIJl}C:lllQ1IIDV Of J 0 Pe ere .. inl ltb t p 0 r t g bl t an P 02

PAGE 188

665 To ere t t pro r at phe tor a Fr oh-Iri hal11ano 4 o 1 r to turn nch public opinion aga1nat 1n tupport wa t t Boulangtet Eng d." In 0 2 3 trlenda ot wo1en Mlllev d1tor ot .!! P r but ao-co 1n to artiCle W Y ta 'tb1oh appe d 1n th Boaton Pllot and a d July 501 1892" abe a ought tr1 nda tor Ire Z.1t w Wt an a'Qdlc ot 1 200 r ona roa o 1 a t et t1n1ah 4, to ppl;ud htr w1th wild en papera ot Ruaala # nee 0. n n4 ewn Jsnt quote her pee , and the ta.i or &1 h wrong haa rou.n it wy hit lr and 1ih1t r to b stored up per-bapl 1n n7 a e1r1 a blat t da:r of She 18 going t ou me a4dreaa1n town att r to;m, and be idea 1pre 4lna bett r know or 1and and -ken_ a wlder lor cur Wl'On t. ma alr ad,-_ tbCl.l h thla 11 not ber 1n objeo 1 a-J.ned, I b lien, a oonderable IIUDl t r the ..-1ot nt .e So oeli brate that waa lnv1t d to 1 O ture 1n Hollanct Belgl and to 1t :ua ia. 'rbu r aot1v1tl beo t r ot cone m t 1 illh d1pl t1o olrolea 7 and Aaqu1 .th vainly \D' d dmond o llleno r. What waa per PI the ol ot her amt1-Br1t1ah act1Y1 t1 b n d orlbed by W B Y at toll 1 1. s. s. 5 7,. s. l n4 4 no d tur 4, d on he Dublln t t porte4 to that Ire ady tor 1naurreo tr a 198.

PAGE 189

88 8 t Tartoua ob t 1n ek1rl support t r Inno1ble c h1 t, 1 1 d n xpedlt 1011 t t United s at a o ano "tor an ao-A F noo-RUaa1a o n.d j'Q t been 0 l' 1r 1t1 Sn Parla. Tbe 11. or t 41_1on plan e ponalble or Pt-el o a d 1tt1 ultt t r be!' by aooua1n d 1a eXp4t41 1 p ot Sag o aae Sna t tm I a .. r whll bt 1 1n ria. Al bough a t1 ot be I .s. o r B r Gove 6 r nt) Ollt ot peot_ 8 .. o onnell onD 1n1 l y le re, .s.n, t p an a ottbe Oaa .. to be t o orm1Yano .., partJ. '' h 0 .. n _q, apy ho 0 1n nt to

PAGE 190

67 th s t1n r nd 41d not repl At 1a t on t know t he 1t traitor. 1a a 11 or ttr. Y t anub 4 t tor be hat 1 7 I think he done -to p1 70U'l At about 'bhla t 11 07 oocur ln 8 adopt d p .. u. poll 1n iUd Gonn (W. 4 8 to '1 toll-ed re ), enng tbat 1lla 1 p1o1on t tan ot w1 haut Ju tlt1 t1 4 t I aot1 ln wo ncn ee 1onan Irlab oJt 11: 01\ .. ... oW!'!!Dn St p n ox.nna aa to enl:l.ilt os.-Irlah alld halt 0 t 1n o:rd r to e 6 to t"&lly Irl h r belt well ot Sl'ft uno ., Her mo t ooeatul tto ln th1 1 o 1cm '1 the Parl YOUDg 9 1a SooietJ ot wbl.Oh be tan p n oX nna., pr-1nen ... o rua 1 "di tingulah 4 t alat1ons ot Plot s. '1. e. 9 ot 411 'YJ .,,. not only knew the la teJ-but lao e

PAGE 191

668 l ... t r i dot Jo o '1!1 I. Syn Oeor Ru a u.J e a St p ( be auth ) Pad.n1o Colull an J Jfr/0 ao nna a jo mal1t Att r a v1a1t to Yo 1n 1899, he att end d at l at on 1ng ot tbe Clanna 6 G l,. be tled do 1n P r1 to writ t 6 t Yor. Heral4. ln 1903 be rrl an A r i o n girla lolm s,nge .Tom M s 'a abl4 g ported b7 hia brother. Hotel Oo 111 1 t p oea.nt ot h1 trlcd, a o I land o 11 1nt reat in Frano baa be n -tnaa oh be l1Y1n at tblt 10 ot John o .tearr y, at tirt t h1m s.n 1 96, 1t 1 b auapect 4 that thi lnt n t waa at lat 4 by Penlan aaaoo1atlon 6 7. e 9. 10 PP 33-S4, 78, lOS, 114,

PAGE 192

669 Ot t1r t 1 a, Yeat wro 1n hie Autob1o pb;yt n I torge told. t ot t 1 and pr ua. s had oo 1 t ly tr Ital7 ha leun 4 Irlab at Tl'S.nlty Colle . ao to the 4 blA 4 t1nd a lit t ;, been ex p 4 1n lit t . Per p I would gl t bll 4Yioe to n7 7 Ir1ab riter who ew It'i h tor I b-'-been tlla r up ln1ablaan d In1a o and wa tu.ll or t bjeo BOLlr o1e tol4 or a Soolety ot Par181 ' aaaoolatlo with t Young Irel.al'l4 S1J1 tou. .11 awing. 4 jo belt 4, in ts1onal1at wre not p .ra IUOh du.t1 e It waa branoh ot the I.R. wb1ob uoua ob1o phJ ud Goa.n. 1a 1nt at 1n ., tbat abe pt r.u d tole nr1 'Arboia 4e Jou 1n'f1lle, PPot or ot Celtic Lit rature at s t Col "-llO "to a e J s bla aaa1atant. 71188 and oltenna .t1rat to e be acquaint 4 I 1n 1891 w n a oo anted b7 1'1 leU.' tr 41

PAGE 193

110 r1 01prlen1, nt y ng It-land S 1! ot to hla ll o r and, pe hap- thia 1n 6'70 oGre o to lp t n, to wh1oh r1 al o d nt o Dna' de 1 the 'Qrka The aolt nn bad 1m .. d 2 a bDd ot Volunt era to so At all $ -w nta, be w a b in P ria bet t en4 ott ot hl .. .,.. 1 S: 1 not urpr1a1ng 1n 1 w ol t cOn 1e ilba t 4 1nct1 hi 1nte t 1n ahou14 alao ha at ot 4 to aooS..l t Twa Bour -o1s 1 repOl't 1 In Pal'1a s t.bat things ant t lled un t BOQrgeoi alao oc:a-o1al1et et 1ng wb1o h 6 1tten 1 oc1al18t. 'f'lolently 41aa ll a -anti aemit He telt d rith w ch hatS wro acoou or So-at n4 ill 1898 or 1899 to.,. be Dublln T to r not nt to ar Jaurea, lnlt 1 h 8 oo, t t dell p,.bllo 1 .. 2. e. 7. a. 9. s 11. 414 not follow h1 11, t carried '1 aalon t 4 t gift. ID matS. 1 Soo1al1a Oon t 1n Parte. To otJ 9 oll7 t 1 t ot t Ir1 h s 1al1at Pat-t7 .. t 4 and tr at 4 4 1 g ta of tbe e ot 1916 nd the Irish Revo.....,__.. .. .o;;;o;Ai;;,;;.;;;;;:;;;;;o,, Apr11-Jun 193 P 62.

PAGE 194

t1 t 1 lat t 7 ll1:t

PAGE 195

'72 lono A u:rt-t call r 1n Par VS.e ot n tlo 4 1n p o dln lt 1 not rpr1a1n h l rtrat vla1t t 1 J 0 oouato d blun no op1 ., be 1 a eille' t ao t n a ... -... .&& , b1a nJoa X in ot h plaJ .. i .. o .,, ti d Yea .... It1 .LQ.C:leICl; be be ted o 4 Stephen or p w l'tbf s.. t t .aa '1 with lo ot n at 188'1 7 lt.nlMd wlth Mh tn e et ln t o 1 bration of JUt centennarr ot 17D8 peJ' Oft d Ooan &1'.14 t writ s.ns. ot J a J'070 and w Y ata. T to low1n o t'ioua p ud OOIUle t au o.-

PAGE 196

'I ot y 1 A .._r,. t tao oonc 1vab 4o o

PAGE 198

Glt1tf1tb or ' 41 old ao t go to otion 1rh1oh 675 Wi d1t01' r 41tt1cul 7 t t o reo t cun. to-r back later nd who knew t 41 'You will b v to wr1t lecture tor 1 then,' e old 4 r ti I 1 dt I o bla our l tlet with ather OaYl Oa olio tea nd ain ln t r we t t 11 o 1 lat 4 Shortly atte n4 I>Jt. nlved ln o 1t1na driv 1n gh a warda on pt 1n an unjuat the Ir1h regt. ... hi_ an 1n peper tor whloh St phen Kenna d wr1t.ten sino 1. a 3

PAGE 199

Brid porteds '1' n ollowin cBr1de nt t$ In. h 1ng1,'. toll wrot a ot a 6'76 o 01 Leaey o a 1n to Par1 to ot a ot honour b halt ot an a d putat1o o a or ac. at the tt w1tb. a ban a bQt eoon I rt :n Ir lan onn. tor urned t Ire_ lp. A cora. .. e 1nt hi 1tt1 h' vtn J ed to 'Qd G --t t propo .,_ -n1 d JolJD oBr14e -21-ooount ot be tT1a or 4 uc.tn ln .,;,;;;;;,;: ........... .;o;i;ooiiiiiii:;;;;;;;iiiii;;;;;.;;o. jor nd Ilia 0 at o be couple by Al4e n I m Df.ly ot Lbaea-1ck t t at Jaa ot 11'1 h de ln South Attttoa WeeklY t 3 1907 P 13 SBl.

PAGE 200

1 the union A tb1 t 1 in co14 the to nt oa t Pla7b .nt tbe 10 0 poul 1<> eu at cooM!ns to .. c
PAGE 201

r r 1 ci.U d ol.l S.On to .... l't 1n In. wlth th 114 Ge 679 d t t for 1t 1a 1 1906, J-. atter "l 1 obtam 4 t e 2 1Ch & 0 t oh a h1 t The 1ttloul t1 1916 in t a o n nt.e o b an o hi tor t .. 1n -tk ot _epre 1 .... sa._.,...... t t ..... ,. toot -la r c atl 1 1 or volut1onal"7 o the 6 ..,. .., .. ,_ th ot b18 1 117 aln t time tbe p se ftrlt. 1et.. rly M7 P 866. p. 269.

PAGE 202

679 1 nd ... kl7 round tn! Mo paftA-r., =0-..P.,.. ...... .,. =.....,.. ,... a-l!S!DQSS, or., ....,........,.iii!iiiiiii.......,;;;;:;.;;;;;;......, t,a .. whioh l woul4 t t r .. 1t 4 I1-1.na IU. 1 r, P r heY I xt nt bat -... .., ... d te at Jone, w 6 1 I aab 1 fn 4 ,.. to auoh u er 4 1n h1 L_! _,J,. ...... ..._ 7 r en lena too 1n 1' i a at ex-Castle ln 9 an a t p to l a bol 1n t 11 ot 0 U prleoJb In 18'70, S.o el Den t a enee 4 d to pr1eon t o rge tr:r uggllng gem t ot lail4 10 tor h am. T P 1 n to ed be B Rule Cant 8 t10D '7. 8 9. 10.

PAGE 203

ot at lta1n. 1 187'1 an4 Wh The toll-nallaar.e 1n o later. T nlan. ion lit N ao 1'91t Se l1 tant ot 14 t ot aon ot .a. Yet a 80 wb1 h Pamell o 11 aide tlon ot rt a1n wS.ll be ot d president 1D preal&mt. --..-C4 be Oelt1o in 1 or altal&q t r w1U cU:vt.dJ 4 s.n oa l ouaton p 11 aDd a 48 al oital ot rioua ha -no an ot Ir1ah lah r be 41a enJan r1ta1n, the a 1Y1t ot he pert 1 lht toll mg pa ot will n -P rla Sll with a t 1 S. 1 ot oD 11 lbl7 a tr.1tor to pbpioal toroe or at1 h1 lit whJ.o 1 s an 1 not p B e I" 11

PAGE 204

0 .. 0 1 In 18'15, 1 wlh o tt al.J lSAt e. 0 10 1n 0 l ., 4, P 41tor lio Vn1 .. 414 w1 -1. 1, a.

PAGE 205

688 1 albly financed by th Gove; __ -t # against tbe Landon T 1n 1 S8'1t O'DOIUlell bad not en ln Parliament a1no 1888, nor ba4 ld an7 poet. lon in polltlc t att .-. _-a wrlt r tor llah rea a b om 1n India, eon ot Scot lah o _ft.o ,.. t Gal 1 Q\leen'a Oolleget_ bl glat d bl o1a Mao:Donnell In 1FJ7' be leot 4 to bO u_gh ot Galway I' o Donn 11' but wa unjuatly un-at 4 2 oD 11 alao wlth .. ud Gonn lt lt 1 oorreot to lc1 nti.ty h1a with th a1n1at r figure described 1n SeJ'ftnt 3 ba ving a bt to 4 a troy 11, tray 'be 8 Boera 4 a noh epy to Bngl1ah mment and 6 41'1 n bel' an4 .a. Yeat out ot tbe London branoh ot tbe I R B FSn.ll7, be o no d ubt ot his at1l1ty to Yeats h08e playa be bitt rly at e d 1n a pampblet entitled !..:,._ ....... .-Be peaka ot aa aort of t rltnoklanIb n1t11h Bel.l.Ul ll'lan !' nd f.-a ( e P 25) m ra and bla phe 1nat re 1g1 aoat d with tull ban4a in r Y te a pr-1no1pal playa. t'l .... O'DGbnell on. ote:rl d a "r141oulau nd ott n11 btur41ty" and 1n h1a op ion a not r plA7 b7 Y at !,!:!. o.t turned on volt. 1ng bVl q ot Otbolio r 11 l o n In w ot th1a op1n10D J o Danogmte t er1pt1on to

PAGE 206

11 or a e 6 8 3 d 1t alaughta, 1n p l. hl.et t em w Y .. t U vt Y1 pe:rhept anon ua diatribe 4 cri'bed b7 And w 1 7 oribed to O'Dolmell. T ta k waa ntl led. ........ cl .--...-:;.;;::o;o:;,;. b "ant1-Ir1ah tnt1.0athol1c." J.D. 4 ot;lns publS.c a ntl to tbe Ir1ah Lt ft 'f lbu wben it lta tlrat *P:Penan 1ft Dub J a J oe 1 1 bou h he a u ent at tbe Univeral 7 Ool. ont:at ll'l'\1'!,,.,.17 ru.e4" o t k an7 part 1n thill pro-8 tea In 41 t outlln t plot Ooqn 1a cu.tr to lt o unde stand how anyon o ld ba Jtoept1 0 1 t lla r aoul na tor tbat tbe peop1e 1 not 'b' ana 1on to ll the1ra. Sbe 41e T 4 4 eel a lv ,. 4 Nated to bond .ud 1 atu bUt God 'the otS.'h and not t 1 error d bly d rO\la tor I put t thou b 1n o tbt aou.th of an tan 1 4 1l e'ft Kau CJoaDt. ' tto 1 on 1t et t be Is-1ab pea nt llJou,m act oDc:ml 11 hoatlllty to !he. 0& 0 thle n 1 n.Y 1n .,_,.., t lJ.et t t a s bad c at & role ot Oatble t r Ill h1a c cmt'leot lcm 1 t 1a note

PAGE 207

684 1 worthy that 01Donn 11 a ho tile rlan Ul:l.HBt 1n Ireland. But b to 41emiaa1ns O'Donn 11, 1 hould al1o be pointed out that he t .u bor or v nl bo_ 1 on Irih duo tton a le nd ot Alleaoh, 1n l'ae." Th1 leg d o AUea h, ot cour e, n evlden e ot oD01m ll'a .acqu lntanoe ., b OUUo. And ln bla gatoa !f. t wh1oh ap d lil 1Qlo, be aaaerted tbat be ttu d to de 3 t nd he et\147 ot Ga l1o t t7 y ago." 'eY rtbeleaa, O.or oo tl le ot oDonn.lle ttaok on .......,.....,.. L. 2'\illoUn 1 baa told how oon1ldered leanne Ift.land beoau ot ita "4S.a 0 tul Oat hollol to Sntroduoe tm Oatbollo1 w inocnsDA c aequ tlJ, e or.....,. .. wlt 14 o en '1 ot hi B .,..x-. llbore proteaaed thAt not con vinoed by tb1 1 a I 11 tened. rin tor hun4l-e h t ator1ee about 1 t t had been o lleot d., purloined, into t1on g1 n o t polio 4 tbe a arm ot c rta1n puul b t t t'Ol' 1rlth 4e t I told how t d a aaae1nat1ona ba r ao the eara or 111 Gonne, and bOW abe 4 Yeata 4 det l"m!ned to t _11 nt J and othtr tabulou. a ator"- ot etinga 1n at na1ngton. wbioh 1n hie 1 inatlon oo pict -que t etlng ot 7 n and Ven t ian oonap1n torw s.n tbe uteenth o \\JT. .........,.......,.. ........,;;;,.o;;;o;;;;,;;,;;;;;;.;; __ ..... n .. t,.;;;;-..!1.... Pertz, M9. p. 101. 2

PAGE 208

bat O'D 11 wa 685 4 trom 4 th b7 u Gonn 1a alao l:dnted 1 1n Se"mt .2!. !!L __....,_n, but nou h a b en a let about an4 t aty 1tat1on To retu o t atory ot 1an aot1Y1t1 in Bngl.nd,. att r tbla a about the wOl' ot ank gh lt 2 1 note t In'Y c1blea bed Engll h att111at1ona s brou P.J .P. JllAn an4 London t.nd League. L1kew1ae at th1a t1 Th 00f111t .--................. oo 1pori1 nt of tbe Irlah tin 1 nd ret- And it 1 int tlng to note that be ua d Great ritaln'a d1tt1oult1ea wt_tb Scuth Atrloan n t11vea to booet Ph1' T K tt1l'l t 1 1 ortant taot under t reapeot bl 1n London a1no o t hoo atre t.' I w1ah tbat et JPed and kept o on at ant 17 Inah Al Sh t o a a o t oontempor be n lar 1,-the an ou with tlw wo-rk Irlah-r1oa 1nto 1ng att r tbe d enia d th 1r 7 nglcd. P rbap alao to t7 Aaaoo1atlon, wh1eh o 4 o lY d jail nt noea, tor 1 a o t .upport r-a ill most e' a n 1 /important ot tboee aaaoo1ated with 1t aot1v1 1 but 1t 1s no-t without a1gn.1tioano t t .B. at 1ntrodu d ber to be or n1sat1on. Tbua, a 1 a. 3. orld, July 13, 1878 p. 3. s = 188.

PAGE 209

h1 eoo1a OllJ lowln r ,. .. or J t p la J" Ola t t pn n lle4 1 ttl l4 dld n rl t r aot1 1ea. to a. ' - P 7 1

PAGE 210

68'7 Great Brt a1n. In 1894 th tour d A rlca under the au ploe of a "section of t 1 Qlan __ a.... (.l!__,e-.1" to rala tunda tor tbe Aaaoo1a -tlon. And 1n w a belpM. by the p notabl7 the Parta ......,.,...... ..... b. persu de o p..-111 artS.cl on 1t s front 2 pa nt1tle4: a Atroo:t.t d a lAta &DI An l 1a. lhd 4 a w ln.vlted "to Yltl1t :u alan pr1aon and ... s.t an ar :s t 1ole alunr1 h bet t r tblty wer t n Eng 1ah pr1a a In I land btr l"k w a aueh that she wa-able to invol ve J F Ta lor, tbe bl r to ot Ge ge im4 8 Yata, 1n a eo tn 1 det n e ot an Iri h d.Jn. lt& au p ct When t be latter wa brought to t 1n ton n 1n 1896, And bas lat -4 how rcla ot the auap ot to h 1 tt r a r ahould accept a p 1a or le.nleno1 by t pollee 1t be r to p ad guilty" for 'l'aylo:r told bars a d which WOill4 b bad to aay o fu to p on 1 bttt I would not ur an Is-1 who ha_ d p land t 40Jil. d tbe tor ll' l 4 and I 4 gull 1 and let t cae go to do 1t Be r pll CS that be d a 1t to tight t ,or Iretio h1 11ft d move4 6 fl'Qltt rio p pa d to or1 ld go terrl'blJ w ,B Y ate an!l tbe 0 nt neJ17 Altbeugh Ye ta w tioent about b1a conn otion with tbe at,' AI oo1atlon, auoh 1a not t ca ao t r aa h1 act1v1t1ea 1n n4 Srt pr pat"atS.on tor tbe '98 c ntena17 are oonoemed. 188 p,

PAGE 211

688 Ot tbia wo tor t e I s. in Great Britain, Y :te de clare4a I a. t In t.r auto s. Wo m 114 th1 Ae a rea lt _rlt 1ah pu 11o f ftrtbe.le apl1 1n v1 ted All I 14 t r a Ort 1 f o aey 1 b1 t1ght ag 1net t lcm o a sroup ot tbe old .. e a lao told how Y at "l'O Lend re t quented b7 JIYUIDerea ot t I . B 1t1 t t tbe op ahow of b1a nian p hie one t1ona ot 418-t l' d aprea4 .ned b7 tU., 1t our Lo o n o trlen4. an I r la upde well..Jmown to the t o kllo'Cl tbilt tblre a a 6 ka or t 1oal to nt un 11 1896. d learn ot th1 pl1t wb n a s that a Dr Oran1n who na o 1ve v1 c beto the 2

PAGE 212

689 T a 0 1 a1o 41a pp r and h1 de d bod7 fOWld so t later 1n a drain. John Dev07 on of the leaders of the 01 aooua d not a r J.le, r ll1Yan, bavlng 1na 1 t rder 1 .Atter 1on 1 rial 111 Oh1oa o," Sull1v n ex-onerated. Bu.t as a plit r tl o When Yea ult t 0 lan-.Gael a a 1v1d d and the both 1n G at r1t a1n aDd I lan 1 "'n' .. "'n 1taelt the apl1t S.n the a fa1thtUll1 1n Ir ally tavoure4 l>eYO)' and bed a J Dr. r Ryan, w o d an upported the Sull1Yan alde 2 of t split, he a ought to end 1t and t 1n olv d 1n the '98 oent nary oelebr tiona. In hi a aut ob1og"NpbJ 4 ola da Tr ll1ng about Gl'e t Brt a1n and I lan 'fith aud Gcmm, Y ta te
PAGE 213

690 In wa,-tbia t eel Art rp Gs-tlth' Sinn 1n policy an4 Yeat 4de41 Amon .,. .. p ot Ull.1o ta who w 1n41anant ati 2 be o ,r.tuati of art711 ._n4 Y .. ta in t ate4 b1 in tbe be a Yen le to t'eaoh t who e t in e ora f'l W1 h tbe lp ot Lad7 ClregOI'J u n. Wiltr14 SGawn Blunt d ) t at tbla t tor Y ata bad Htter .... eekt lll1 nt r tor t .. l 6 1a t10ft Sool t7. 1 s. 3 '1 n 4 o 1 b 4 r low ..r-o; .... p. 30'7. Iriah Re 1 l. P 10'7 pp 990 291 ........,.;;;;,;;;,;;;; ..... !:l!.._, P eel

PAGE 214

' ord wr1 ten a I pla t l to nl1 a 11' aid tor u a, l l7adJ a wro title oh u J' a 7 wor w a .. t Jeaa wa pular 1n Pe 1aJl t Dill- 1 lo l.J, e o ta ala -, until 1 A4d1 1onal ot At er t alo 1 foro p J' J 1n ello i_a anoe. a .. t r ar, D'JI. aon IJI4 o 1 n 0 to 1 l I I e1 r ot ge N 4e l a t1v1t ........... "1n h I' tbl 414 otlwltle ot lrlah J)lv 4 1 00 ot.lan w1 t I 0 p141,-. 0 11 1 1'-,. .. O' nlon n rl ' anti per1a11at 11te _tur

PAGE 215

692 1 to Ia-1ah l4 r a11 h Atr1oa. AUoe t pt N who we Jo O'lA 10 with tbe tor 0 4 tha ft Int t .. t lah 4 o1.role to 1 t 1nap1 po 1 Jo l. 1tat1 pa, H I' c nt 1n 191 S. 1n ot a pol1 projeot ln Wh1oh '.rbl ol4 t ot th tw ,. t In 18N1 In hle p 1 ot wb1oh eo 1t a. 0 be l. Tbe rl7 el ht1ea t 11 h ata el Oo111n Itt1 1n t Dr. et blbt. Jan 11 l' t 4 Sootla I d Jan' etto. at 1n Irun or 1aa .t1 l1te 'f'7 c al 0 tbe t t Lon If nl 1t le,. .r. 0 Slr and 1 been ard ot la x...-uh Ll r ., now pa a 4 an Ir1ah Literar,r blng felt .,. P 1'71 tiioiiii_.,..,. .... ,.,. pp 23 -2& J ot.

PAGE 216

It cUd not ar11e d1nr1 t ot .or1 Let .1' h1a b lc To hi 11 t but in Ol'bo Obauoer.l a 4 Patr1ok and tbe I!.ah .--... or t 1 o?1 lue or r pbJ.Iaa ap nda 1n wh1 h t be s th1r lr ut J\U'l1or ., 1n 18 , 1n U t 41a inat1o ot a I_r ah Ir1 Lite r,O Olu'b, or 1n b11 4 o,-1pt1on ot n bel 4 to te the .... 480 -t b W Oh Wa a OOQple 0 6 0 ed ot Junior Ir1ah rlr h s, 18&&. t Bout rk, althOUgh 1t a to 4 ,p. u.

PAGE 217

t1o us t o 4 Ckavan l)uttJ, .P. Among be a r o d to ullian, I I I out r t tol l O' rten, J o 1n ' Oar .bJ, Sir C harle e 5 h, 18881 .B. Yeate. Sout ark ao ty ne t p 1al1 t, ll1da7 parl who o an lo p n here4 Sir Oharl G Oaan Dut W ll1a OJTU
PAGE 218

l ae link tor 1 1 eS. b1 h t ror-

PAGE 219

1 'f# h., 0 cmt 1 1t Q a lD Itt w n b1a .. nt lnto s A lJJD Qt]) l ol 0 ,.. l In 1n t -hl '1: b1 writer" nt tor IN lloa lJ J l "' n t t Jo 4 t o1 h lJ' o'be ... r l ,. aU 18 l

PAGE 220

1 1 t 8 Sa 1 y 1 .,,, 1 '12 'IS. 1 1'14 1

PAGE 221

8 l ot h1ll 1n c til-t ot 1u to pubU.h a 1on Irlah t to h "aot lah r 1. 8 1r- bit 1 t '' 1 0. 1'1 1'72

PAGE 222

1 0 D\tblln t Dub, 1 t dia pte4 3 b7t 1 l>tdfJ Y t ln1on t n lt 0 pl'J.n 110 th 1a ' "to u, tt l Li h7!7 001 71 t t 1 0 1 -' 1 .. y: t t 10 t .d1ah o 0 riu ot ao tr ' P ... b: .... ti' l1 t-1' ...

PAGE 223

'700 "op l !EPna J j t 0 but nt rtblleaa Ye t I Yeata bla wo b 1 ora '1' .. Rolle .mh COJlt 'f'1 oY ap at t "Pl' -t to our natS. anal 6 lite u 1 nby h1. I4bNrJ ot 1 3. t the I.Uh Llt r 1 p l1

PAGE 224

and Scot land or t boo an4 Irelan4, a Ir1ah L1t oauae Y t noted 701 1 outlet a olle of colporta in G t boo 1 u 11 rr s 1 t7 ot Dublin and th ot p 1oular inter at be a eooia d with t n itt d 7 r t to r a ault or a qUan l owr proj ot o tt 11 lib ll'i a of I'rieh lit retu 1n onne t1on wl h our ooun rry b qua '1 d 001 ty. t l"lDMnt 11, rr 1 7 unt11 1900 to realpt utoblog!!pSl,PP 196,

PAGE 225

y, t tbi ber d art cr1t1 4 en t b 1ng1ng ()Q t lt 1 belr1 h Lt r d.opped t t ttort to In 70S r or 1 n 1 o tlda t 11 00 d en .........,.1..,.1 .!!!\ ll\ 1Alb lin tl ,. 111 cor-din r 1D 1900. 00 5 ub h1at O'I!J .., s - 1 .... 00 6 to pe ultarly IP1.ah tnt n1l _"fbe t t t tbe Ab '1 '1' at a b!Ob tn .. 4 en 1tat1 .n ln bo b lltto 1 and 1 t 1 .. 5

PAGE 226

'103 c rta1n unorthodox: lit ry _,,._. enta and ratU .. oal p ol1t10a1 ac-t1v1t 1 a atW.o ed Ir1ah r t1 t 1n 0 a Br1 a ln. Unorthodox Lj. The un b o 11 eraey act1vit1 walOb will b diaouaaed re the 11 heat .-OYe a\, tbe Rapha 1 1t1. If LD rl'f tfbMter Kow n An unortl:udo 1 1 1'8l'7 ot1Y1t 1n Ore 1ta1n wblob l to ttno Irbb at.tent lao J be raoe4 baok to 1889 w Ib aen pro4uoed 1n tor tbe fir t ot thla ftnt, W B Y eta 1 At that t Ye ... J obn T odbwit r 4r T nb trao ok at to I dtord Park! Dgll' a at. o n.an St ot, lane!, and bo41 din D., ter lo ot t te r but 1n 188 h1a al'd.ol' 4 cooled a1't r a vain t o arouse DubUil to an ppvecla.t1on 5 ot a p"udo...O ek play whloh A luld written. Stblu.lated b7 Ib aen iD 1 1, Teat re Todbunt r a dormant ntbla1a Bedford Pattk md d 10 clubhou e with a 11 tle beatre tt.t 8 to atlr 1 g tlon. I pera ded oclhlm er to write a pla. J' and M 1 perto 4 t s 1 tJ ht 2. s .. 5 6 P 105

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ot r Irieh pla -soera wbo 11 d 1n London at tbat t alao at 8 Georg db aeor tailed to ap. al o 0 o r 5 both Sbaw and Yeat 1 a ala pertor o ma smw. ot lb t Edward But tor a reaa 1 rt,-n, it Ude, althOQ h be w a tr1 417 with a o otion ta oba r. da Jlet--Irith lit raW7 t t ... hrough t a4 o tbi l!" tlan ot an trona ot al't,n,. oo Yeata ., and Lady 0: sol'J ll thea been a ra.ot d to lat r to be aaaocla with t rw n ion-P rr Y: t to 1 noe rr hOI delight d bbl. At a out Wllllam Mont Shaw r with the xoept1 ot I.edy Ibae Two ot a wb1oh we at 11 ra ater alao de A. H Ol'Q n rt t poeti 1 1oout1o t ahe al o Shaw through r pla7 Rebecca t in 9 1n l89S w the Independ t T atre pl*Odueed -10 11 W app '7' P 10. der 11. p. :red 1n 8 w'a pla7. Tod ter, pp. 30&-366. PP 1131 11'1, 242, 1 4 h ed., vol. P

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'X ta 1 apil. nt1o a a 1 7 ot t Ot hi 11 tle o ltlo llh L1t 0 fit I at ... BQ I

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706 1 waa affiliated !._ Yellow In 1892, Yeat 11at d tb tollow1n.g. 1n an artie wbioh be contributed to tbe Bo ton 1>1lott Arthur Symona John D v1daon, RieM:rd Le Ga111enne Lion 1 Jobnaon, or o n Ern t Rb;ya, T w Rolle ton, John Todbunter and b1 lt. He a lao nnounoe4 the tortbcommg t:l 2 RbpJ!ra' 0 lub. T ot r and old r, ... t pr Raphael it 0 nt to which peculiar 1gn1t1o oe attach d beoau ot orge Bernard S opinion t t the 0 lt1o na1aaano.e waa a quaint s little ott'ahoo otp -R pba lit1 It 1a probable tbat Sbaw md auoh under t nding ot the Ir1ah r v1nl early aa 1894 when te ot Oandida tor h1a b1ograpber, Aroh1bal4 der an, olareda The obar ot r ot Maro ka (a it a oo1at1on ) 1 ht ha b n with a p 1n S w' a own 4 linked w1th s leadin p 1n tbe Oelt1o Renauaan 1111aa Yeats) To pport Shaw a opinion, .-.T;:;;,;;;;;;;;;;;;..;l.1n ..... s 9!. !!!!,. !!!,!, 1n which Yeats baa told of' t tour y ra fro 188'7 to 1891 4ur1ng wh1oh s he 11 d at dtord Park, Lcmdon y alao be put 1n ev1deno .lt t bat t1 Y at wrote 6 Rapba lite 1n ap1t t and oooa 1onal player,. W ot the R 1 e 3 4 s 6 '7. r1a Oluba oared tor. .Blake and the pre-boat111ty iD the or h1 friend '1 nl "' lnd ect Yeat a report eel PP 109110.

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70'7 ()llJ Jd t .. -t But, per pa, t te ot ata ett:tlmala tor pre-pbe lit 1 1 b tOU!ld 1n b11 trle h1 wJ.th W1111 KOPl"1t. Bou 1 o -4 hie 1at r to ott dloa Up G at Brita n undel' an Jllbro14 1 un4er o th1a poSnt, th e northodox 11 eraJ.'7 nt.a 1n 1n wh h Ir1ab ep r tiat ona1dr tlon. A a e.uaple or t 1nte s pol1t1oal radicals to whom an 1ntell1 111t lght pa attention, Herbert aor n baa en rat d t"ollow1ng 1n li.a blosrapbJ ot Ja a Zoyoet 1. 2. :$. Among the ny whoae t-k be :t.d read 7 b nt1on d oat, al te ta, tiner,. kunln, Kropotk1n1 11 R clua, Speaot and j 1n Tuo r, wholl Inatead ot a. Book pro .. cla1 t 11 rty ol .he nonnvaaiY Li4!i1!ui'I:-Be n v r ad anrhing by Earl ars exc pt the fir t nt noe ot D a Ka t and he to nd 1 ao absurd tbat diately .. tum ok to tbe l.ender.3 193 note.

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It will b en that he 1n thi tlon. Yet t n any ot he abo 708 t>t 111 on1a doe 8 not appear will a rve aa a tter tooal point. a oord ly t to1low1n re rka will be concerned f1 t with Ul1 onia and tn.n with tbt labor av nt W1111.am Morr1a 0 1n p 0 1111 Mol't'1 a word 7 be ab
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709 It that orr1 tol lowing lt91PLIQ'I e pL 1 lted I 1 to dd o rtain wo11c1n n' olub." Att r t rooeeded to Oont 2 Club t d1a aura ug alter Oabome gaa to Yeat and It alao be aaiU:med that it wa o t hla et t Y at ret rred 1n h1a pret oe 4 to Lad,. Gre orr' e -.:;;:;.:;:;:;;.;::;;;.-.-a Ye ta tlrat '"'!' t b Bernard Sha. w 1 a v1_1tor at t1n wlth ol'r1a. At ott Bouse an4 t GeQI" It have been 1n au h o atl"U,gg .. An r quite torgot be leaaon beoau 1n -or1b1ng oert n oor pCXld DD with 1Aad7 Gregoey at a lat r dat portedc In ooe letter I uaed a pbNa 1 Gre or, waa ott;en o ohaft a t, though n r to repudiate t btttt le 11 Ir lmd' oh 11 one p rot a at ealth., w Jlllllt our a1noer1 y 1dn onr al un opu r to alth. a t aooept tn. pt ot t tte:r. Arou orr1a t r l at 4 an roh1at and Karx1eta It '1 t.. n tba eight ot Kropotkln at ., oott Hou whiob d Shaw, wbo knew "tbe Anarohiat PrlllOe," to o ontSde 1n Yeata t t onu waa -anarobia w1 hout know1ng 1t Y ata, who 6 tound tbat hi a own pol1t 1o 1 ph11 p)V aooorded o w1.th orr1 8 1. a. 3 e. 6 .,. e. r radL alia n with Sbawa arx1 'fha e4. In

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'710 0 l 14 ot ot or 11 r tor 11 190'7 n t 1 t in 10 CDt1nu ot1t In l 1'1 1'1 l .

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711 Ir laud, lattld.n on 1 41 te ta not only a an or 1& r ot atrike bu a o tor h1 a 111ty at 1 !ng Oatho11 an4 o 1 t tan t worker lnde 4, 1n 1908, Artlntr Gr1tt1th d nounc h t Gen a thtl rik L1 verpool Unlon On Jan: UnJ.on er 1 orJc, ra tflliJ r" 1n !!!!!. -t the t ud1a t d h1m. he reault 1gn1t1cant s to Ir1ah 'l'ran port an4 ne ra 1 Wor ra t Gr1tt1th pere1 t 1n 4enounc 11ah t de un1 1a n4 'Qa a s Irllh Z.bOur atruggle 1cm of the IruhT naport an4 X.rktn a join d bJ J Oormoll7 who s t.d re d tr th Un1 e4 8 at w .P. B,-an wro Tbe tollow1 la ,touh land, be n and rx. w1 n 111 then UDkncnm 1n I 4, u led, and agltat 4 1n Scot do tr1 ot bompaon t.lor. 1 1on c4 h1a own, {n Dublin. 4 Bla w r ft7an pok of Oo.nnolly' 1n t1at1on into aoo1al1aa 1n Soot In h1a. ott1ah y rs m. nt ap 1117 to chool to aoc1al1 ao to T oT nt then t 11 ot lit et1ng and deb t a and Oonno-11 wa ott present t tbe E41n -burgh and ot rin a with hl le, old P n1an. 5 Yet 0 lly 1a ore ao t 17 o b aaaoc1at d with 1111 A ricm organ1z t1on, the Indutrial o ra of t World t n with tbe ngllab labor mOWJileD 7 a quentl7 5 6. 7. P a OG 1n ly 1 bl will b 0 ale.\ r 4 IUb

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'712 In Oba r X t1v1t1e or 1nt reat to en1an1 and tbe Oelt1 r1 a1n .,_en 41a OUI 4. li1 41 aot1v1t1e 1n 1n bo h reo 1 Iruh exll it be1r p n o nna, J ad ot o whO inti te 1ni at or no at ra tiv en 0 ge ., Ste-Joroe. tt ntion 4. ao joumal1at n n w p per nd who Oil qui e tr 4q with Jo.,oe 1n Pars.. th lat er was part 1 at tree d to a ian r tuge noh 1D o ent ena")'. at land ar Md by Gmme and ud G enl OJ' 11 1 ln Pa:r11 ( firat beo 1m 01ft'l t 0 t r 1ub quent ef'torte to t bad notable oona14er an tn-.aa1on of Ir1ah-.l r 1o an dyna te au ap I' rl Y Iel Soo1ety), h publ1o through a Prenoh editor. Pn h opSni011 as 1n1t sltD.4 h ar otrtoe perauade4 to t d1t1o 0 a blooaa. Tbe 1tlah go rn nt aCNght lnlJ' to a1lenoe r w1th Jom R &aol\4 ' bllp. nd a French del ion a nt to o lebratl(lfta or he '98 centenary 1n Irela Th1a Pren h 1nte st 1n tbe ent rt oeleb tiona p ed a part 1n the 11t)e,_ey re\'1ftl. aud Goane petted that

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713 t noh leg t1o wbloh v1 it-e I land 1n 1 8 were not an exped1t1oftAJ'7 to b t t 1 r 1t1 o ot onlJ a 1ng part1all)t re1pone1ble to.,. Yeata eubjeot ot a p 1n J '.Ort!&t n. The n ot ' trl I o J'14e, bal lMt n .Ofi 7! nt 1 .o1ated w1 h p1 4 1n oonneot1on w1 h Boett .,.. o pa a1nt t B r epub lie t unpopu r both w1 b t oh people nd S.th t ll' b l And bu.r Lfneh UJJ4ertook <' t 11 t t t aul1) r181 cBr-14 N tume4 tN. he nma w 1 4 to ria b7 d Germe, Step n Pari Ireland oo 1e 1 u4 dla tlJ 14 ot r ant 1c 1t 1n ao 1t1ea 1n 'fb1t t S.t 4 St te1 tor tbe poa ot t1rr1n p t Olann Gael to ke u ot ng1 4tt 4Ut1o 1 1ft 8 th r..ter Jom oLaarJ Dr. rrt 1o him., Uter thi. a reoept1 10 t-14e p.-oo 4e to rica where u4 Ootme jolne him. Tt. Sn 19031 ins l'ejaot d w.B. Yeata pop al, r1ed be bl 4 bJ lobn 11. lao A eo 1 l ; be d ao r!de a 1ntroebced oh lnto Plaz n lly tor v O rid tor v!.n tTl t bd:h lo d ,end o l.e b t -. 4 h11ll 1n oem 1n honor ot he p en who re exeout d tor t be1 r part 1n

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714 the ter ek r1a1ng. 'rbl r 1t1Cat1ona of Irish toroe v 1118i11: 1n Oret Br1.ta1n ba b en trac b ole a r as Act or Unlon and an Irl ator1e w llYe4 1n land quoted having 4 olare4 t JT patr1ot1o mO\" nt t on toot 1n Ireland, whet r oonati uti 1 wluti ha had 1 a oountel'J>t'rt ba or aa ot Xplol'iag that a tat nt, d1aouaa1on or the h-1ah p atcal foro OY 1n t 1'1: ain aub 41: ided 1n o a 41 uea1cm ot Yari a oonore e eYld noea or Fenian aot1t1ea 1n nd Sc ot land, a about the Lon4cm tbaat r d an sea 1on or tho r1t1ah s-di la with wbo t Iriah parat1at we oa 1n a th7 BY14 noes ot 1 n ot1Y1t 1e ln lind d Scotland wre lb t o rs ot nr1ous or aat 1on.a a Pan..ll. op ll., Tb. a ooney, onn B Yeata, 1\Ult' 1lllaa n 1r 0 l Du.tr 1ltr Be w n Alice S optord U'l'tten, 1110 oouw ou.sartt, orr1 'l'.W. ol on, L10D 1 Jo on, Geor oar or 8 w H. beCI' d r.. 1n. oo o 4 oatly of Ir1ah rea1denta olution ry oral au a 1on1at or 1n Ore t it 1n literary 1 n u ot h r Yolutiona d oral tua 1on1at org 1 at1on. t p ant* ot oour ; t I.R.s. nian ot1rtt1es 1n t ritain r aobtd ol in 18 '1 w r. s 1 1 on ot the n 0 18'70, an4 t .,....,,_ ...... _11 xplo 1 F n1a e, t nee tor lin guna tor Ireland out ot ngland. pl'leon 1 n I xt the'1

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'716 tom d tb a Rule OOftt er t1on ot Britain ot wb1oh Parn 11 w later to b o President. a14 nt and .R. oDonn 11 V1oe11 a wrlter wbo oap1t 11a d on hJ.a .rel1g1on and de e Butt, farn 11, a ot oh 41at1ngu1a d 1nd1v1du.ala ae Ia o alJ, u4 Gcmne nd Y: at a. Indeed, Illy an4 ud ot d t t bt a 1n t paJ ot tba alt ou h Geor Ko -Engl1ah so Yeata ato wl h t btlp at Maud Gonne be bad au peot d d O 'Dcmn41ll tr -g execut 4 by t P n1ana aa a traitor, lt would ap a r t t the u hor or Bail, InA Pere 11 d r1Yed he the ot hla nOT 1 tr a h a ppo dly ul r -ROJDIIJl Oatho11o at-tao on literature o Countea In the a that J Jo e alo tuae O*Donnell esp aaed. 0 agalnat Yeats play, !.!:!! OOIUl -1Gil it 1a also not wort}V 1ated with auoh In t early e1ght1 a n1an ao s. 1 1e ln (} at Br1ta1n w re att111atecl wlth t:t rlab at1onal In lnc1ble throug)l tt. London lAnd Le e and wit Th oon London oorr apondent ot Iah 0ld throu b a tual 1J'l.tereat in land reto tater, when t Fenian 1na.plre4 A aty Aaaoo1at1on ca into being to J'eaoue the 4111 1t pr1ao ra.. 1t a obiet support ere 1n Bnglmd. Dr. rk R n oha1 n ot tbe London noh to whloh .a. Yeat a 1n\roduo 4 ud Gosme. Sbe -41at l7 j o1ned the o u So 1 1n l&g2 abe vl 1ted tbe prison ra at Port land and subaequentl7 a addrea d a r1 a ot eat:y t1ng 1n Ensl.and a d Scotleid In 1894 tw d. rloa to ra1 e tunda tor t A -oc !at ion. She a lao 1 wght French aid and 1n

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t with t to 1at1 l politle al c.U. 107 l: 7" to 1o to Oh1 b1e. '11 JAtblln to London to n4 col lebo t10ft pus-poe 0 1 ut1 1 o01'de4 hie ln .. at t1o ot be 1 p11t tnt d t 1 r ot Dr 0 1n ul nbl\ a tS.'rt iea t A aoolatl ot "1 1 4 a l:al1t Sn t Ye 4 t o 1nwl ly be lnt o s n Fl 41apla cl by Jo DlllGD .net t '98 t optot-4 4 ot r-a CNt s o nt 1n 191 Ita ot ,. 1t;l 1 t rlnl .u.,, eMb t1 aD J t 1 l' n Al1oe C*ra 1ft t lr lro a t el Oo111n 4 P on lt ot ca -ft ott cr la 1o 1n wh1 t toOk

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'717 OOIU 1d N ble lnt Olub; t Irt.ah Llt ra 1 ty ot t Irish a.t1onal Literary Soo1 ty ot Dublin. And a project to pu'b11ah a "aer a ot boaka at hill obi Ot th t w Iriah Ll ra 01 b o w lob .P. 7an attr1 ted h8 ori lab 11 e Y nt w lcb. to na ot th tbe OeltSI na1a be s Irl n L1teJI8ey lub to 1ng tl p ln oonn o lcm with land to It 1a u.S..t bl ot the 1n bte4n a ot the Soothftr Irlah Lltenarr Olub o be that 1t t tor ita otto Sol wb10h 1 lrl1h t r p d t Light." Amon h trot Club T.D.. 111 an. _out ark Ir1 h L1 enrr O n. 811' Q : rle .an Darty W .r. 1 John TocUm er tn.r1n T d w .a. Yeat1. P rblpa tt. at a1gnltSCant ot the proje t up wh1 h th11 ao o1 ty nte cl b tf#:' U;a e a tbe r publloatlon ot t poellla ot an old Fen1 In ao owlect 1ng t receipt ot a s o .. a. t w Dutty agree a to "t n 4 to_. pu'b11ab1n t r d proae ot n a w n who btlpecl tbt t1onal oauae tor t laet or o" and ate he tormat1o rt " 11 lta1ted L1ab111tJ tor tbia purpo T aaln at tbe Sout ar Iruh L1t r 17 Club put. a te pora end to th1 au at1. on b.tt lt w e rerlv d by t b 1'1 ot t pl'OVUl. 0 t 1ch aet up to oreate he

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'718 rtioularl lnt ated in Putty' prop011al but Yeata 1nalate4 t t t ulcl 4 v lt 1 ner "to original work rt l": hoped to cure control ot the h-1 h Llterar,-Sooi ty or tbl n1ana' Young I lan. Soci.etJ Aooordingq, t aa ot Dr. ark lqan,. T Roll ton and Lio l Jo on, ll a th8t ot Y t 1 c e aoo 1at .S.th er th1a new n out a Irl h Lit r 17 Club In l8 2. ple a .. with bla 1\lCoea 1n London. Yeats t to Dublln w1 lla t writt 4 0 b r ot tbt S01dhw w l.,.lah L1te ey SOQ1ety to t oun4 an Ir1ah at1on.l L1 J'U'1 00 1 a14 4 b J ot t1e 1n be o pttal ud G I In thia tort be oerta1n Youn Ire land So- In a441 1 to Y t o Lea. end u4 Gonne ttw n w Dublin 11 rt or 1 atlon waa j ol d bJ euoh ot tb Oelt1o I Dou. a 01Gr dy, O.ar 1 rtiOD 4 Oeor t Yeata hope h .. r1 h at1 1 Lit J"&l")' Soo1 ty would or t an Irt ater a a or "a aer1ea ot booka at a ab1ll 1ng eaon. 1le va nner wh1o b t be proJ ot ot an lr1ah t:..ater a .tro but 4eolare4 bet tbe r a t:1 bo a ot a "po lar tbe aot1. Dutf) #with one not n w lib 1u gina 1 liter tur o o grief through alng a p141tJ, annowtoed t t ther waa not tt ot tb Irlah rae and augg et 4 that the waa ok in h1a

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719 Pl"OPO d u ot .blloat1ona by T. Rolle t and tbe London Iriah Llterar cr1t 1oal. For I>ut Soo1et t t Dublin soos..t,. a ,.. d antagonlse4 bo h the tor part 4 t o Who w ot Snt at d 1n au'f1n1 a an1 t o ; ar Ruaaell. oh a Int mia but n 1 w n.t. e 1-t t ace ot ha hoat111ty Du.tty o a oo pr r nor Y a a 1atta4 1t th w anan ... ew Irieh Libra eyot ga auooe atull7 launo \Uid.er e41 f# hip or 'Dfdty with D ton a a h1a . lata 8J and P., aaori'b 4 p 1JI1ng t our natcl 1 lit r ture to 1t. Perbapa t \)eat <*1 boo 10 1t publ1ald . !!!!.. m ......,.......,...,. an St 41a 0' _he It a1 1tSD t o1 t1 a waa w.B. Ye ta a 1 w .1t the w n he waa at tbe 1gbt or hia ao 1T1t Y tr both e lrla L1te r&J'7 Soo1 t7 but 1t a en1 atlo 1 L1 r curious t t 1900 be soot t., should drs.t 4 4 the Iriah quit tbe Lon4on or 1& t ion t ault ot a row o r 1t retuaal to adlalt Geor '1' ,. ioh be oore to rah1p. n ea ot enlan aot1Tit1e 1n ngllnd and Sootland au1-1'1&ed a do not ly lnd oat t J" lt1oat1 ill ot tbe Irlab plV"e1oal foro o-.. ent 1n Greet Br1t ln. _he t a few wOI'(l have al.wo been wr1 t a'boQt the t t er 1n Lond tho l1ah r leader ot th c 1aam thet1o. So t r a th London t at r 1 cone l'Did,t na a ot Oeo r 1ld J Todb.Uit r, .s. Y a George oare Edwal"d

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'ISO rna p nt1o d. Al e 1n \be ft. w 11 tl t at ...... IU popul r1ty or Iba 1n .. art)'ll and Ge n. exc pt 1 nt w oh r lam. And 1 a wo n Ploren r sht ove nt tha t two ngltah rr a A. Horn n w r to lp or a the at 1n DU 11n. In aena th a t o 1ahwo n '1 b cona1d cala. Otblr unorth odo de lop nt ln llah l tt 1' aroused Iri h ent la .ere' Olub, hloh to d through t 00 or Ye t 4 at hya, and tbe old r R p lit ov t A oul1ar lne t baa b en attached to he 1a ter oaua or Bem.erd .sbaw cmoe 4 olared that the! 0 lt1o na1a anoe aa 111 1 quamt little ott.eboot ot pre pbael1t1 'ro be not d t allot weight o 8 era ot tbt R ' a a ert1o lt ba rat lub re pre.Rap 11 and that eat h elr wa e trlen4lJ with llltam Oft'la t t h 1Dt oduoe4 h11 1a r to Ke eo t Bat 'I'm att1n1ty t l'--h r dloal pollt1 l ohara o ter and Ir1ah aep r tl ta y ally be trao 4 back to t Act 1n41 14uala and crgm1&at1ona wh1oh encouraged thla r lat.l hip 0 t Jone t C rt1e and t aoo1al1 t In conn ction w1 h at n 4, 1 t t. a b en not 1t wa orr1 lalla .. ch ti t d W B Yeat to lmacott Hou r rna , Prince Kropotl:1n d, perhaps, 1114ay r11n Yeatat 1nte t 1n the atruggl which la Lady Or gor7 to ohat't .. '1 haft co tro r1a,. but y t he qu1t tb group at cott

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721 Hou e b oauee ut arx1at trien4 waa 'oo outep en 1ng ol'g(lll1a l 1on.. Our1oualy enough, Ja. a Joyce, like Y ate, 41apU, d cona14 rabl 1nt at 1 1c.l1 but reje ted beoauae be tound tbl tlr t ab8Ul'4 ntanoe eo It wa n unt1l attar orrla de h 1n 1896 that t British l bor (11( nt be n to pl.Q-lllportut paJ't. lrl Ir1ah attalra. ie l D vitt d bee lnvolved 1n 1t arly 1990 and la t 'I" in th 4eo.4 J a Gannolly Ja t.r-k1n re attraote4 to 1t. 0CII'Uloll1 l' tumed to Ireland d btno nt to th Vn1te4 States. On the ot r band Lark1n a1necl 111 England ... re be .1 o1n 4 t tional Union ot Dook bOUl' r t Great ltaln d Ix-elu.d Sn 1901, lh 1907 that gan1Ptlon nt b1 to Beltaa an Ol' 1ar t o r 1 t r he tabl1 bed lJ"lah Tran.-port and Ge ral or nt Union 1n 1'>\iblln. In 1910 Z.rk1n w jo1ned ln h1 new ent rpr1ae 113' J 1 o onnoU7 who d o llknow:n or 1t:er tor the ln &tatr11 'lorkera or t orld 1n t Unit 4 statea. hua lt m1ght b aa14 that the tom ot the Ir1ah Tran port anA n ral ol1c ra 1 Union ca tT' OJ' at BritaJ.n and the p1r1t t er1ca.

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XV AI OAODAL 0 1901 )) t 0 .liB 01 I UJII 'lBD STAT In oed1n pte.r r1ou.e el nta 1n oe d Gtte t Britain 1 ontr1buted to 1an1 and the Oelt1o e re an l.Jzd 'l'h n t t ob pt ra wlU tell ot ln the Unlt State l' tbe c l t1 .. 1 11 .r peot1Yel7, re In t pr aa1n d 1n d t tudJ of the oon 1n t t1D1t d ta ot Gaod!l, 1 ors ot tb tor the ,. 1901 A brlet nt1on at A Pioan attair Ir1ah Cl.role will rv a an 1ntro t1 n cont ot Vol e XX s 1 ol .!!! 0 A! w!U b ex- tour adtnga a tlrat. o a d1aeuae1on ot 1t int t1' at nt at the oono m whioh 1t diaplayed tor llt r t\11' 1 ic, d rt or Irel dJ and tou.rth11 oonolud3.n r .r o ttnued Irl h 1nt t 1n erl e u, be oba d ett ta ot Sp nlh-rlo n on the r Ielan 8 J 1 be not d1 or Ye ta' reooll t1on ot Pari 1n 1898 1ght b olt..S: 722

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723 "I was ag r tor w or h s,aniah rlc n w r an nt to the 1 Rue Mo art betor br aktaat o buy --! York ral4." 'l' t thi t 1n A rioan att 1r extended to the lit retur of t Unit d St t a 7 be 1n 1cated b7 three ex ple 1rat, tbe e t r ot 11 h llt tu ts, 1 b t Tr1n1t spired 1n h1 tu ta lt t hUn1on t 4 rd Do en, an earl;. n icm d. or aa proteasor or EngS Oolleg Dublin be un4o t dly in ot h1 ad ron d s 00 d, aoqunt e t r nc a 1 ad7 be n d to oec:me 5 oore i a the work ot er on and n old f nd port d oo: 's enthu 1a m for another writer a ln th1a 1 t con no long r a t but enthua1a d1aput ... x d ho t a ot y .z.. bullied 1nto ailenoe law.6 Yel' to 1 926 ncan tondon d o t tn-7 t lle tual o nt ra or t ninet enth oentul'J. And 1n a utob1ofU'!plq, Y ta apok or b1 an 1nt nci B "an rl1 r n it' t ion, wh1ch w a prob bly a te s. e. 7. a. 288. p. 6S. tbrCJ.tgh to hia

PAGE 247

724 1 2 t ther who bad also re d Ja Fen1mor Cooper and Tho ill to w n hD wa a b071 tat r to a aaa at alden, ad I plm:ned to live ao day in a cotta on a 11ttie lalan4 oalad Inn1atre nd lnnlat w a oppoa1t Sllah Wood where I t to aleep. I thought that ving conquered bod1l7 de 1 cd the 1n olinat1on ot 1nd tow w n a lo 1 I abo ld 11-..., a a Tbo au 11 d e 1ng wlad 3 W .B. Yeat oc1ated E raon with Carlyle *Xld of the tormer' a 1n1'l noe on
PAGE 248

'725 it is not orthy t t hermit byltatmr1ne bee 1Med ot t A rioan I had still t living 1n 1 1 1 land in Lou eey h ea1o tounte1n 1n a ita jet 1 and Nl'lutmbranee o thing 1n 1 t rh: rh:Jt a an e cape tro tbe orow4 that rhetoric nd oae1onall1 I 1ng but th oo on syntax. not hav w 1tten t t tlN lin with ite oQll ent1 'Arlee and go' nor tba 1aft re1cm. ln last On the otbtr nd, in w ot the tact that 1n r R 1n1acenoee Katbar1n TJ1l n print an early dNtt ot t 8 X.k Ie.land ot Innlatt'ee," lt y bee 2 t Y ta d aet her a-th1nk1ng ot h A r1oan writ r. The mo t d1 ct conn ot1on t n Irish 4 r1oan 1 tt r ot oours the periodical h1 h w ro published 1n riCa to ap r1can audl nee. On this account, auch Iriab-A rloan p r1 to la 6 orl4, Bo ton Pilot, and Don.ohoe' a .... -. 41 ou.a d. To thle cate O"f!7 lao 1 3 !Dan, a a ad be n deaor1b d a a peri 1oal tound d pp. 1 -135. ...... -......,. ............... --.' R m1n1ao noes, p. 299.

PAGE 249

., 1n Broo l,n 7 t Phllo..Cel. tie s 1 1901, t Irieh a Bav rt P of tbe ollowlng t1tl a ODAL L) t7 o t t ci y o eno 1t 4 ln. 1 01 bJ Oer 1 er 1,. Vol 1n orlgtnel t Vol ga.:in tl4 t 14 rt1oul r thl o 1ta oonoem 1o, for tl:B ot1 Ir r. H-.. --tOi t t 1n 4 1 ret try on t 1 : 1tSp1r1t at 1n 1904,. oo .... ............. ...,.AL to an 'ietli lit b 1t rter r p n -ed 1 8 a :W.dect hit s 1 1 Pul'tba 01' 1otJ eph el r), t t I not p 1ol to ate 1. s a. t lt ou b to r, 1&011

PAGE 250

In Vi w or the h1 to-,.1o r a on tor creation ot n Oaodal, 1t a ppropr1 to open thl anal.ya1a ot t oontenta of Vol XX with a 41aoua ton ot its oontlnu 4 1nt rest 1n tbe Maroh, 1901, y be a beg ot d1 in n d1 or1al oh appea 41n T a L aa atal"t 4 1n roo lJU t7 ara a o the late llr, J Log n etd w the plon r and flr t advooat ott Oa Uo nt. It or 1sat1on a 4 e:q,an 1on ot the Ga llo Le au an4 w1tn a d t G el1o Lea nt gl'ow tr o ouJ'lty and upopular1 y into a powert\11 and tar reaob or n1zat1on t t 1 1ng 1t 1ntluenc lt e atrong y -ry '1 J!1 1 a ot t t nt 1 th vol ocntained tiona 1n Ina Atte:r ba1lin W .B. Y at a a t he d of the modern Oelt1o aohool 1n a 1 1 t o r Yl ot th antholos:J, T BEl 9. lt'lall f trz !! the !!al11h !-.on......,. .... the on,.oua critic rt d u our d ra will not ag w1th r. Stoptord n aaJll t T gain to Ir1a n ot apeak1ng and writ in lian 1a v at. It able t lll to put tba1r nat1 onal ap1rat lona, and the thought nd paaa1 whloh ar t ezp d 1n p t r'1, into a la a e Wh1oh 1a rapidly becelll1.ng uni r al. It nabl tbem to tell tbe worl4 ot literatu ot the .mel nt tha, le nda, and ot I 1 and to rep. aent tbe 1n adem drea {by ne ot a langue w io 1a read and under tood b7 11 ion ot to 1n v rt ot the world. These con 1d rat1ona l i e at the root at the tter, and if Iriah writer do not dv1ate 1nt o an 1tatlon o r "n. 11ah 11 ratul'e, but cling cloae to he ap1r1 ot their natl lmd, t 7 do tor their countn w n th 1 u th ng11ah tongue. t Apart froM thia Dr. s optar4 Broo and r. R()lle ton pro&:ac d a volum.e with whioh no lo r ot poetn a no aer1ou atu4ent ot lit turre o attord to re .in unacqua1ntett. 2 1. Una1 d An Gaodal.t York, aroh, 1901, P so. 2. Un 1 ed, 'Iii !rf h Anthology, ....,a Gaodal, b ry, 1901, p 62

PAGE 251

'728 To th1 attitude of !!'! O.o4 1 t par ax1oal conduct ot Geor 00 b 0 red. Early 1n 1901; 5 ported 1 Yeat r 1 -t1on t t Lon-don r1 h Lit ra17 Soc 1ety ul 0 1t rtu 1t Moore to berab1 and a eda oc1 ty not alt d int n U' to thin and to Ir1ah lan a oultlv t t .... b8 a abandoned. London Then, 1t p 1nte fro_ n rt1 l 00 Anglo-Iriah 141 at and prof1tablto a tud nt ot 11 lit r tu r1diou 1 d oore tum to I land 1n th beUet tbat liah om out a a an o lit rary ve leo 4 haa no llow-In ap1te or tbla atat nt th t ot 1a t t o col laborat 4 wS.th th Oa 11o Lea e wor 1', h a Oo o mum ... to 1901 d 4 d a 1n nner 6 T Rolleat ot tu ur work with 4 t Untilled Field (entitlln t tran lation ........, ... ur Oort) and lato-r11, 'l'a1dgh O'Dono In4e 4, tb1a 1at1 on with 0 -ort da u nov Uat, wrltt a p r-tul loo41' wh10h a been tranalatd 1 'OB,. 2. Unsigned, r, Oeorg oore a, An octal, a ,1901, Ptl6'7. 3. Una1gned, T Ir1ah Brogue, !!! Gaoc1a,., Deoe ber,l90l, pp.3'7 2 373. Unal ed, Ga 11o -r.. or ra-Xtr, ....!1 1, s pt mber, liOl, P 2'72. 5 J. Hone, 1fe st. Oeo om, P 244 6 Bro .2R o!t 1 P

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into Ira cloh 1s ot leaa r oonald ble lnt t nt w a publ1ab.ed 1n lt cmoem tor t to the Ga 11o 1 or ,. -1n the Ir1ab lan 1111h. It t rt r 1n 11a d Tbe ato pen by a gl1ah o he odal p.-otea d a oet ot lta oon led OON 1n the A r1oan br oh h1 ntlo d and n a lon r 41 ouaaion ot 1 lat 1ona with the parent or 1Jiat 1o wlll follow on t 08 11o Le ot !!:! .... a.....,o...,d ... a-.1 "' ati San otloo be 111. a 1ser with t p l r1oa 1 oon t1QD or I'd on, publ1alwr ather P.o. 4 Yorke or r oarown 7 a 11evd to 5 t r n4 Rlo neb17 who aaaoo1at prot or ot O.elto" at t Oat lie Univ ra1ty 6 in aah1ngton and 1omel DaYS.tt who ball revival ot Ir18ht nt spread r O' Gt" y ; P ter o I.e r"ft 1n Dublin, and 0o ,lgol.,p.!se. Janual"1 s. Ann"Ql Ocmv 1on ot t Gael1 Le 1n odal, Octo r, 1901-P 303.

PAGE 253

730 on tho .. b en 1nv1 c1 wt re \lldab to at ten 8 y ts ot hie lett r ot r g t fr the l country h or dy 0 gory w fa 111ar with t 1 .. 1 hJ 2 and althou Y ta, 1 e ud oonn n r larn 1t; hie vi ont bJot d 1nt noted 88 pet1t1on eald, "I look torwa d to 1t1 r1oa" a P Ro in eon, p or unable to at nd. and tbe aael1o o t 1 portan that 1 be or of Oe lt i.e X.ngua at l nd ie and nt ot rv rd, alao wa P r p a t w wor4 bout atat of the u4y ot the Irian language 1n t Sta tore tu)"nin to tha att n ion 14 tnt rpoa t d her c ..;..... Gaodal in P t oe to t a oond part ot G 1. s. 8 llc Le one ,!!! Irl! wbloh e1 4 1n n rano1aco t1on ot a n evmt o f such t eatablle nt t 0athol1. o n1 ra1t ot a htngton, and roalty ot th Ano1ent order ot

PAGE 254

Oddly nough, O'Growney. It t 731 not nthu 1eat 1o a Pat her W1thou 4 1ng t 0 1r ot Oelt1 to t t1n1vera1ty at .abln t do o ita e to :r that teo .ooo placse4 a t dup al o be a.el1o a 2.n Ire lanA WO\.lld Q ore to p aerw and popul rls tb$ Irish an s 1n land tban t ll'a ot 0 lt1 1n ., .oolle a.l h1a PNtao 'bo tbe bil'd part ot .-w;;;;;....,. .. ... Bl 7 4 la J no ation t t at r O'Gro pro at d 1n tereat 1n tbe Irl 1 1n the ttnlted State 1 TMt thia 1nten t 1n a oa a pur ly a d mio '1 g tbered fr t ot a aer ot 1 at tbe Oathol1o Univer 1t 7 Waeh1n on, wh1ob app a 4 1n An 1 Robin on a to 1 otf with " tal CJrl T be Int rest 1n Oelt1c and t aent s at. ot Oeltlc Stl\41 't

PAGE 255

732 tr :0. eat'l x1atlng :rs1on 4own to t now ourr.n pop r t -:Apr11 l8tb, The X.tel' Iriah sap la and t o o ,., e or 0 ltlc on liab and Oon,lnen.tal wr1 re.l Tlwt ol about ln 1905 ot ht.a int re at 1n Irlah languag oa was in 1te4 bJ he oa l1c Leagu ot J'S.Oa o t 11 be r c na about Leasu-t Tbe rlo.u tO\U' greats woo . t 11.000 pWllli 1 oolJ,t,o .n4 1r:t. a l" ot HJ:d. ' peranal d.bel'ent e b-.. ly .Son a ct Tbt 111000 p -e ln 190 6 ot u to be X.agu a ftl 1t 7 be . S4 t tbe p lellt p 1 t1on ot Irlab 1n h-1 t1 1 o the support ot t A rl lr1 h. Gld! 1on attaobe4 o tbl gltt tbat not re t 211000 pcnmds ahould be spent 1n an7 em 7 at-J thu trom 1906 to l QlO G ello Le bad an xtna tlght 1ng ttmd ot e ooo p ..,. . 'l'ble juat ont.ed the lAague tht'Olgb t 'ru g:t abo\\t lr1ah 1n t . at!onal Ual ve.ralt: r ot la'el a at g lt on _blob the ultl t co. or f Uur Of he Ga U.c r t:va1.2 GaellO Le gu ill In o do1q, attfttio 1 larly 41 e4 ow tbo r ,_.. 1Jb0 lnt.e at 1n the ftYl 1 Aot1 In o otl wl'h act1 worker to"J.' the s-evtvel er1ea at phOto b.a ot Oael1o Lea r wbJ.oh ppta t1 to .!!1 (;!!ocltl 1n lQOl y ntloned. In ita Jan r, 1 e through 1. 1 on 'be no lent Oe lt 1-n 9!9'1!1., Y,. 1901. a. n. o Oobhtnas.gb. n.;;,iiiillii ....... ..,.llooiiiii.,

PAGE 256

e 1901 ot 11 t bS,.. ....... i.16",WA WMJ.,._,.,. 1n um,..lt.l' S.t ......._.._. __ 1 a '7 ti 0 D 1 t l I4 j l p o-l I SO," l' 1, u

PAGE 257

tbe p st. 1ne lecture J 1 oa lt, j olned tbe o h,, lt 11 vol of say d1 oar 47 I I' to In .&prll a 1o Gaelic Le w 7 ar. o to d al d a .oen Hanra lOOal 3 and ann ed ow 0 t 1ah 11 4 Ed rt oh ot t 11 nt ott Du lin pa rto Unp blU lllilllADIIanOt In "f ' n app red 6 1n anS.O lldent ..-al 1n c l 1 r n of 1 4 and Sa....,.........., e w a r1bQted 1 r 4 Yeata. n' u\o 1o pb1 1 rt1el. onta1ned ln t 1t ot t Ir1ah Lit oo tt r announcing tbat .... D;;;.;le;;;;o;;o.;;;--...-. !9! la -bleb h d t n 1n collab ion th B. 8 to b p oed, 4 1 10 l e. '. '1' o a o. oo 7

PAGE 258

Dr. Dou 1 . - ar n nt ot bia p Y,. CJra 'a xollent t at of abll1t7. In Au 1nto 1 t oul'11h : ion and tha on t laht n1h tl t t d j l1o p t d hX. 4 ...,_,vqr'f t 1 s yer a _sur......._ ...... __. .... _........,_ an 1n t a or newa ot t It-1_ natu t o eub ant 0 t ol.a1 1n -U. in HJ'd .. than r lr 1n Kuno 1sau tbe latter wa ot t 5 ta. In Deoe n art1 1 b7 AliCe 1111 n on the .;;;;o;;,.......,.;,;,o;. .... T!J!a Dublin. w 1oh al o diap Jed great r oonc rn tot-1. 2. Oonnao 3. K 5.

PAGE 259

7 36 a la n t r he n wb1ch oo d Y at d olao 1n n ay wr1 t n. pla7 aong 1n on or e ot 1n h a 2 at .'f"l 11 ope 1otic p 4 lJlo 1 nt lly, ne4 t n. X. Ore on a1d ot 1n a story .cog ot 'l. o 1.11 u. 11,. Boin oN 111 d P.B. P a'r Th e ot r a ot1 w r ra 1n t ntion ot tb81r aaaoolat1on with t; Fen1an mcne nt ...... Otl 111 ao ,ill 41 ou 1. A. e. s. e. I 11,. Boln be fo ar: T to er a alrea
PAGE 260

pu l 2 '1 a. 10 7 1 t 1 t 1 l t- th 0 t t t t hh '1 0 P 1 1901 P ...

PAGE 261

738 1n conn otion wUsh the Gael1 1 r1o41oal, Palnne an -e, and --__ ..... _.. the econct t a editor or 'be o-oall d 1Dwma1re inn, 1 a 2 oolle ot1o ot o 1m 1o p Yow:aaer llu. . 11 or cle1ll a P R Pea rse. In 1901 he ... 0. lie nt1on ct in oda l Otll.J' in OOJU.O 1 With a Jlellllbe ot the outllv o S.tt b noted that 1n 1901 oln oBe1l.l ai d a e41tor 3 It An ., am Solg1 t P are Ill d 111m 1n l o:s. Pea e aeo ta_ ot be Publ1cat1CIIl 0 itt d In 1901, tor 1 a tlng ot tb1 p ioh to port d doubl 1nt t t 'rhe o 1 t .1\U' 1n 'f'Ul.OtUlclng t tol"t C)lll1ns publ1oat1on ot vol ot talea tr the ouobllabm o,-cl collect 4 b)" d7 o .... ,ro'l'\7 and -told 1n e nt .. q Irieh by Dr. Hfd. 1 1a wlll b wo n into a ooneout 1Ye nane 1 ,. and will b t d 1nt o an attraoti and almpl l"8a41ng bo An tnt rm 1a 1n r t 41apl d wr. ght b 4esor1be a an 1n e 41at 1ntere t 1nt viTal ot t -Ir1ah ln 1901. Ant1c1p 1n Qeor; Moore 5 G p l deeor1be4 -r11yn 1n a etoh 1tl dt a.ellc Lea w r --xi Ar er n. t1on1ng hla in 3 8 ober,l"Ol, P S27 October,

PAGE 262

78 cont1n B1 1 ua d 1on of 50 pounds in appeal o f the lA e tor tunda 1 w a a ao nely lea con r1bu 1on bl'Ullant bl t titled Battle tor g 1n wh1oh t 11t7 ot bol to the old t ot t .11 Oeo1l c1 oonn cted wl h :17 orIr1ah lite_-rr or artl t1o 2 CJeOJ"ge Moore al o can. 1t la ourioue 'o Unlced 'dth rt ta r and O..odal ot St 41ah 0' Librai'J ol t -ore 1 ed1 or 4 propr1e Ol" t tollOW1 announce tc ar la o ocnt.not 1 h r J:5Gj&J!IG two w plqe. 11 Stan41ah e4 s d wo r 47 Or ort, aooo lng to An po.lloet pl"'a o 1on ot put lng bla na LadJ 0 f!,07!1. 1 Tol. 1 , p . !27. ... to be Publ1ahed, !.. OaO(\al t Le rn Ir1ah.1b1d., ov 11 Ol,p.360J of the Gael. Ibid., oct p 301.

PAGE 263

A Pa 1 Inte 1n 117, te 1 a 14 be dlreoted by ot !! cdal toward ho boa 1n 1n r v1 1 ot It-1ah la a ore pa t and John old w *lS.t pubUabed o t t ot t Pf' o ding ... t J. o c.w '1 st zduh z. oo dy l.l 0' .t,. ata. It 11 h 1n h1a t1 r r, ollea on{ Pa G ( a y. ), J 2 on and b1a nn !9. t4 h11 b lt etro 1aw (Th1a a t ot How TieW to 1 -1 e. a 8. ion w o.J)8!).1 a, by Standi wlll be pubtu.tur ln h1a jeote4 oo Q ft na d oora .,., Unto 1 t lruh Board ... 6 4er.) tor lift 1 tto to: 1

PAGE 264

741 en to publ1ah abort instalIn oonn otl 1on wi1 Jobn 11. 8)ll ' lnt st ln t 7 be ntion 1 plia. d thin wh1oh 0 ., on .;;.;r;.;;--..oa prGp e4 o there w m le a Ylal I t le rn Ir1eb aa 1 1a IP ot oo1at1 t a tyo 1 o or in 190 r tban through any.oontr1bute4 an anlcle joum 1 d tor be rp t 1 o Growne7 to b1 nat1 land." oo h P: t r oOrowne bad pa14 4 n Ia 4 oth r d1a ote to cordln to " tablll d lr1ah 1 8\U .. r aobool t r u atton ot 1t " an e. Th1a aland oontalna a ut 600 ln. tan rr on ot w ape aka Ir18b. It 4 Y1ouaq be n vll'-4 by Pr e a a ora Z r an o rt ll-lnown pb1 lo S.ta c l t1o'-ata; b7 r. o lJt -ln, o are tlll ott n talk d aboQt b)' be 1alandera. r oorowney

PAGE 265

d at bllttlnla y 1 1n 18iB .. .. 742 1 n W Ye ta and t lrio ot p a.lb t 1 qu 1nt o w .lth ""' ............ a tit-t Y1a1t b 1almdera, hotr Tel', w at In1a tr nnoe bJ acs.ot4 nt be d1 c red h1 Is-tah 1netruotc:r 1 1n de orlbJn "Loctgm -1n be a not 1 ot ccal'i e, W1lcle, to Dr. ln ot relJ ob erv d a 0 b t I wa f .or ou ro 1 4 b7 Geellc tol ra 7 abl rtJble a d l o 1a book ot a t 1mpree tblt ttret n 1wa or 1. 8 . 6. a e h e U 1a mo to en ..... roUtl'O .lttr. aa.nd wh1 h paratea thla .1al n.d ot t up tlantlo running up b t en r 01Groc alt be t.,-4 1n 7 a ter dl4 wb1l In1a n For t t April, p. 293. P "16 no t

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'74 1 tter 1 h he t1on d Dou e n4 noll etud nt who t "' 414 not t ll tlnt Sn with 0 t ba t1 s.n t orth Ial l5 ot A:ran." 'fhta p _otlo bQt oultu a ap o ot t oo m witb ngua 4 ln Irteh Ill 41 0 1n ' be 't'1 l. o.e to the Ir _. u nsi1eh na zr., h t t trhlc pl'! uoed d la te rde 1 14 bout the lri.a Li.t attr b en quoted ll tba' r... 6 0 so 1 DGQ la1 li14e 4 ply 1nvol anct .... ta rS: t1eul.a 1t1on o tbt1 or .. ...,1 ... -1itoa oore

PAGE 267

cr Ko h 0 be t hla .... ._,,.,. .. o olnn.t 4 Althou Eo1n -.. o4 te w1 h 1 pl" te ha4 vu '744 Geo Moo t 14d1& third ot i.l and 2 1901 o Ootob r, 1908. ,, e, Ool 1 1o 00 r t 4 Oeel1o rly 1901, r 5 o nl he or 1st1on 1n r!Ca. ter, oore r 1ned em ott1 r nd lpe 8a to poduoe 8 play. ., 1n 0 _r. cmcem tor t lio blob 6 ., 8 y an4 July to not ba oo 4 ot the rl 11 r with h1 oci_ t1o with t '1. a. d1tor G 11 Paragrap ab po e to prod 41tt -t to the If lt Lit Nr7 heat 9 a letter, whioh ed, gant Irlah LS.t "rr t t oamn11> to tbe pret t arran .. -1&_,. k tor t pro t1cm ot pla 1. 1, p. ssa. P 251. 2, pp.-.6;-so. tJ'e k 1n Dublin, GaQClal, Dea. 160.

PAGE 268

"1 6 t; 1 1n ita I. rt 1n 1nol o far n G 1 y. l to t t pt-ovo the on.l7 rp orct 1n Altc 111'-' p 1 1 ot l7 atr k Dubl t or popular )loo 4 ole d in -' .. t o ntl:ft 1 4 nr I 1ah t ll, and Jun 1190l,p.l.l'1 .a.....---.... 6 Oo .,. p .32S 'f'Ol. 111 P 418.

PAGE 269

746 to t aeore-t 'r7 of be 1 a r ault tollowing oon with t The r ia nothin o hlnder JOU and art r t rta co ny. 14dL at1ck.a. auo to 0 pany would v no W Ye ta o euoo d 1n 1n a a t b1n t a laY1ft"1gbt h nd, 1t wou14 a ward art,.n ln t noth1rl e r e alao 1nt at d. Ga 1 1 ot 1 T A rlo journal ported t t Y ata a ly 11 4 a anth to pa.aa with-out a01111 ret reno to h1a. In Jenuar 3 ot r. "dr announo ot 1>1a ene e. s. 5. 6. 0 Ya In tlo p w 6 4 In J\m it 1'1 OJ\l h. t ra, oar lily to r1dloul r ported Yeat t t lan w1 6 11h10.h ocr' tl lona tnA de baa the da e ot Bl1abethan p1 t\l aqu plu1tae a and pa-aa halt on a to rej e t on ,. b-ut n. young tlrat 1a the proper ,2. 5 J p 27. pp. 214-880 ,paam arch, 1901, p ae. pp. ,, 60-52

PAGE 270

1n ot ... h1 o.-4 p -Ye I 4 ge ent t:lon 2 th, a ot be ap a ;-a tf11.'e :rn _to 1 old or p elan h 0 t .,. tha D 7 whi.Oh t1on by ., te l t ln" 1te4 by Yt DQ_l1n .::;;::;;:.co:=.:::.;-. : d. 1 p cy-in I tah 7 DJ.t Dou e -with 8 .. Oellln8CblOD _-th t p po l. a. U'n 1 8. Unl-gn1tSO o 1

PAGE 271

Ir1ah r 11o1 Al rha. he I 1ah L1 e PI T t waa oat the tault ot author by publ1ab1 7 wr1 tenJ d1enC by DCOU o tar a e G e Ir1ah lit h. b 4 in 01, thi a not tl7 to popularl&e Ir1 h 1r work or dr wing atte ion to wha 1114 ot ly to ln a p -o l 1o o t nt. 111 14 r au ott 1ah wr1 ra 1 ot lp wh1 b !9. oncePrlAtl1 t1rat 1 7 tom rlod1aal publubt4 p B 0 a ln 1g-01 and to 1 st o d1 4 11oaoy 7 o poe rr and. charm, Aubre De n o.,nn 1' rt r nob o1 n t o 8 ll c s ., Tynan w.hioh o l)ubl1n ., s s 5 e 7 e 9 10. 11. t dr 10 4 le ot 11 I oth. hi .... ,. dd1t1onal tnt reat or aoholar l;r ot f1N athar1ne ll 1n 7b

PAGE 272

e 1 d I o-p -l.y -p 0 pha of .. ioh p t t orl R oorde,

PAGE 273

tc .a. 1 pe re4 l 1n, Ir1ab r b.1 r '750 l'" 1 Slr 0 111 per b t 3 at t brt t 41a rl a Gavan nutty's na ap hJ.oal h of n 41 with c tobla. gularly ot to Irih book a ot itt T 1 1 onl ine t Ir.1a Bo " ('Who wrot Qt t Oar rs an4 14. Oanon She ban; 3 e. '1. a. 9. 10 11. 6 noreu an4 a roJ boo ot p ot r leaa his o 1 '1' t r t w h b.t ... r, 1901, p. 126 ga n

PAGE 274

'751 l 1n George oar 1 4 w n., according to a _alve. was plaguing dward. l"tJlll BUt. m:r d ar r4, bow can 1. b ott naiw to propos that all lrel 4 t.ll a ord ra? Didn't Patber She han aay 1n hl l'p1 o that loo d forward to the da7 w I land ahoula em va t ona te1'7f-ben that day bl7' 11 k abort wor or t llow 1 you -ahlp you all ott .2 So far a a wide r udleno 18 cono rned, !!_ ....... IOUght to encoura a pan.Oelt1c OY nt. To xplain lty t word "Oel lo a WI 4 ratbel' than htah in -onn ot 1on uth lit ratuM produced 1n Ir 1 41 La4y areao d ol red 1ft h Jt au ob1og"p "'When l d about tt I u 4 o aay lt wa . gSn bu71n ml' boo e, !a .. a...,.Qd.,. -.-.1 t.ok 1 ant top r uad t Sootoh to be s oon lnued not to buJ t 1r" In Jun 1901 it prlt* e4 t ... a.......,........, " p .Celt lo Konthly n print d 1n Dublin uuder t 41torab1p or Po 1 r, t o:r n ot the Celt1o 001at1on 1n 6 ment a bJ'iet n<*e about -'7 held 1D Dub.l1n 1n Augu int beg t 5 t ott Pan..C ltio O'f an 0 lt1o Oonpaa to b wn b tbua nounoe4 bad been pt-epll r 4 tOt' by an "exobange of dele t lone twe n .-ar.J.oul Cel 1o t t1a, wh1 h begun 1n 18971 a1noe 1 .. e. 3. 5. 6. or t t s-tive g er1nga 1n

PAGE 275

752 1 all t ooun rlea oono d ta1la about hla til' t with b into lon t t .tion t H1ghlan4a ot Soot 4, t "'-1 ot """' .... an1 aMI ... .. t 'lhe o jeot ot the COD: mo n 1 whioh a tor pre a. Yln t lr 1 1oa. md to pre a 'l'be 1.11 er1ty w1 wbioh the OOWlts,-1ea ...... IIIWI1 and oha. o.tr ao on wbene .. r te lble. 2 J aunal ot Lofd ca tl lu nc 'lb1a p '"'o41o 1 obi cte-d to l.a d r ot 0'1' :nt, b aua be waa an Of t1oel' ot the Bs-1t1 h s ln sou h Att-1 " a nat he B ra In r ply, an le ln !! .....,...iiioOiiliil. cteo lared In a e41t orial e4 other ar O. .elio 14 retuaed o tbt Pan ltits o grea o Dt.tb-lln or o take p 1n 1' pNOee41n , :a. A no an perto4l &. 6 1 a 11> 1 or1fi1oal. hr 1 ore 1 lt sent a r pnaenttift pt b r1 19011 p eao. Octo r, 1901, p 318

PAGE 276

0 0 An print r Y. r A a 11 d T o Perot 1 G 'Y tedy Ore apa ot app,. p al o hold 1 '753 vot d eweS' tour pa 0 the 0 r 1on t a pe r r ad b t 1t by un r 1 lt report tbat who we unabl o at I 8 t g t 1804 p d up oontr1bu 17, olatund o orl and 1na ot dear old trs..nct . th a oo an1 4 tbe t r at 1n Qe or 1n 1t I wlah anolent ldt 1 tl The le t r whl h a 11o -r a. otber ev1n

PAGE 277

'754 Ir1ah 1o clition to pr otlng lta 1an a aD4 llt ratur 1 An Oaoda wa 1nte -t ale or I lad. So tar a Ir1 h yb e by nt1on1ng two artie abou I 1ah a1o and ine rel 2 The arlier c1 al JUmly wlth t be Ir1ah harp but 1n the latel' t author ob r ds a aow nt 1a n be ins proa o ed It-S.h mu 1e tr obllvlon. It 1 r -ent lotan the af.lu A et.llar tnt t w diplaJ 4 1 t 1a Oeoll 4 aoo1at1an (wh1o h rly awa J 1 ln 1906) or ln 1901, 00 o a report 1n !!! .::::.:.;;:;::..::'.' lt 4 o 14 4 t o publ1ah tlw Ir1ah aSJ-e 1t baa ooll t d at it annual te t1vala" c bui) qul a IrS..h 1o and M1nt 1 ea. l"Ch lVOl, PP 1061 08 J c I PP lB0-182. -5 Ga04al1 3ul 1901, p .232.

PAGE 278

756 Ina o be tore oSn w art17; BtUDOilln 0 eannt 4 rto ra Olub ln r.at 1nthe e1o one t 1 t Qllii.tlel' or ie Oeo11 an4 the Dub blat 1 7 r pa, t : 4 lo-lo r 1n Dublin 1n 1901, lo c ion of s with artJD in 1900J 41tl ot zom r1 to 1 l 1 7 el1o r.. _ia ot be j ot t a t 3 tbe Plpere t Olub. JSl)onalb tort dlao err be at d ln l 0 o1l., or 6 ep ton Dubl 189'7. be toal t a 1Yal t or1 to 1 ot ----t-ot 1 auae ot ha 1 p Judloe I t tbe 1a o o11 t 111\l loal blWl ot 11 a e It 1a a p1t7 6 X. gu. e .in I (hea14 t ot '1 1 e L eta 0 o1l will o' e tb!a 90 t t 1t1 to t in re ot t Oa 11o 1o, Pba1r Oo Pl o lub ) tolA t h1 o otl with ol. 11 P P U7. l)e pARR, All -11 Jun 9011 p las.

PAGE 279

about t ott lta b n bot t 1nterea. t JOU o at ott w1th1n t 1 p 0 4 a eioal t a 1v 1 Lon4 n 11'1h nt1o ll n1teeto ot 11n 1pe t 01\t> un it Pi J'B t Club, W Oh 75 t 4 r port: eta el1o agu ot r10a P1 " tbe pr S4 nt wrot a 1t w111 for a pr1 ... tor oban er 1 port l4 t tt n " n tr .. ,.. or :s Wb10hw r p obabl7 bo r ..Oeltl o by tlw Oa lie ., 0 lo 1 r "tounde the Dub 0 ho. c 7 l 0 d I Irlh I r 1ah f1 r 0 1on r oh 81, 19011 P

PAGE 280

ilar t b l h1a 1 '11'1 0 l 1 ra 01.\tb at .ent ot p J.o 1 t-1 1 t p

PAGE 281

an4 w1ll 1 at wo or oulptu t ing ot a 8 ll1n4 l1k t 0'11 h ti xtateno l .... Ir1ab o tar Il'iah la cone rae4, 4 little 0 ,. 1n 1901. rt' tblre .... br f not toe or t1ng 2 ot t Art untoa ot X,.l&d 1n D\tbllnJ 4 1n Ileo 1*, 1t pi>"e4 "a j o lftt esh1btt ion of t 4 r. J Y ., 14 at ot t IrS. h L1 MI'J f a or 1 1elHon to _be eneroua e l' ot anoth r. .llh rt l t, '- h M latt r a icle 1 ot ullar Snt 0<*' '. atlmate of Bone and :5 u.s 11' oplblan of I.B. Yeata In Ali e .111 ' aoeount ot Llten Tbta' e ln e andy; eta w a 1 t 1oned. iU.aa JlllU n po!n out t s.a. Yea e, port it paint r, a be ta her o1" ot ot t pla7, oh 4 b n ed b7 t Xrlb She a o nt1on ond Mib1tlont r llerr Lla 0 8017 p ld! d at tbe exh1b1t1on rtea ot of 1 l.M4 eketoh by 1Jaok' Yeat ot b po ra1t r 7 r 1901. p 36

PAGE 282

0 Up to hl poln 11te-'"'""'-, ala, a A hi- tt f &. "15 h 1 f4 tbe ...... .. 41oua 1ally &lab A ble 1 W4"4_ .. l OJ' Ia& 1 not. ina 0 -1 ., 1a

PAGE 283

760 1 fa t 1a te but lOb ' patriot t ns o Y a ut Ir1ah l.atioa tlian found 1n a 4 nt 117 th A 1'1 tlon d -r1 a Tbeoc1 e r o oAdoo, et t 1. a. s. 5 "' e. 9 10. 11 a HI' ( h rSD n 1nte c1 Will or t 17 ot 0 l1 to tbe I p o pa t preelde ot pr lrlh -l I 1 10 1 OCilO d., re tor Davia to S.ll the top at 1t7J t 0 P bl'\la 1901, P 59J oun-June, pion r,. 1901,

PAGE 284

7 l 11 r 1Inh I4 lt and Altbou h a tr aa 11 1 ounta o l.J1le7 t pt1b 41n d a houlA Ir1i!lb 0 1t t1t1 b7 t p o ... Irle xp aa r no ol tht a l4 b t t a 1 1 V J'lO xapl A n, ot the d aor1 0 3 Doo "1 in 7 b.1e ot 1t D la 1 . _. ,,.._ ..... .-....................... otat d wtth 1'198 ot p c.\ .'KA_._ ... t ca r anot r t't 1c oh t lok F :r .. 9 to .esoo1 wl h 01l Ir1 h l rs. Ye n ,. println D n 1. 2. s 5 e
PAGE 285

'762 l entitled !!!!,. Jl ;mo!7 gL L,_ y be noted as reminder the d yl ot '98. Ot peculiar 1D t to Fen1ana, hDw ., r. wa D11 aa, !. S ory of 1 : 7. And 11k wtae, 1t 1 prob ble that the adYooate ot ph7aioal tor w re lnte d 1n such aoc 1 t 1ea aa Ingbin14 iN d by aud Gonn 1n 1901 "to s wor tor the complet 1n4eper18AJnoe ot Ir,eland," and tbe Oeltlo Literary Soe1et,- whloh d 1n'f1t 4 John oIearr to att d 1t fir t to 1 atlllth both ot wh1oh ntlon d in An -6 Odal. not 1n complete a atlq w1 b the ad ocat ot pbJ 1oal foro TbN ot these 0111U lana deael"ft elaboration. an opinion o n the pro po d lo-rio an all1anc Y t 1n oppoa1t ion t o this 1 D v1tt 6 bad VUlt 4 the Unit d Stat a 1n 189'7 and GeOl'ge Koo a to 7 he BoeJI War, aten to oroaa tbe Atlantle at th t ot Further # art r 1901, t:t. "Olen .oael 4eolde4 to block the Tr at7" and John a1s1ated bJ T Olarke, organ!B d Irish a A rtcan d a. n A rican oppoa1t1on, Sec An Gao4al tall to nt1on the negot1at1on tor -an anti 11ah all:lanoe wb.1oh ClannO.el oaf'rle4 on with the "F noh md Rua ian A ba dora 1n ah1ngton.8 throu.gh ita 1. e 3 s. B aoDonnell, 'l'be ory ot Ton n Gaodal, p 261, "Oellu r", An a.o4a1, ovember, Wot, -pp. 334. a, aoBr14e ;'"'I !Jerant of the en p. 291. Mlnut Book Of tne Oeitlc"""titiiary oo1 ty, P e Un 1 ed and uno ptioned. n Gaodal, Septe r, 1901, p, 280J \Ul81gn d;. lr1ah Boot M" lutliOrs, !!!. gaod 1,. Decemb t", 1901, P 392. J-. SbeehyS ftlngton, el Dav;tt, PP 199 .. 200. S e PP L LeRoux, !!!! Clark PP 66'1.

PAGE 286

'7 3 1 n w 7 n who, 1 t 7 ed, we ch a ired b 8 R -k7 Mountain" o s. n r, hie 1on. m be n du o 1 o tb1 1"a11v of An .;.;:;;;;;;;.;::.;;i,; s-ad I w au4 Gann r i o a bl'at 4 1 In anot r 1 LS; 1 el at t r e n1 o e ot 1n. O l a bl r pr18. 1a -1cwt of all n n t Boer r In 1901, both 1 it 4 oera. Roo y OWltaln" o n el lla4t h 00Jlll to op h1 ln' eho o tea ol\U'lt r e . e 1 ed bJ tbl 01 o "Otlt to s tb trio to join .. wu..ug to X.thl,e! Dal71 bl ned t t Yet no of o 14e1 T OJ.altk or t ar appe 4 1n 1 a. s .. a 7

PAGE 287

'1 O.odal. And ud 1oned ly on ot tboe pr nt t lety T t 1n Dublin on t1rat night ot 1 T blln. In Chap r XV taa nee 1n rica w a ut under a 1cro o 1 were, and the conten a ot O.odal t 1901 1n 10 tall. A a 1ntr uot1 0 t rio n attalr was used.. Iria pol1t1oal op1n1on, 1 waa noted., w t re. Tl U 1on1at, dw rd Do un dlc able Geor l.y' 1 ,. b t nt1on ot o n ot eYery a de attrao ed to A r1oen 1 t ... eraon 4 oar b o nth&lala t1o t ftJ a ut 'rpum, r A len P J t B n Oa hol1 P atbar1ne Thor 8UJ and en1tnor. ol'ed wt rn raon, the Pentan., B. Ye t a, pa14 tr1b:tt Cooper, ra and apeo1ally to hor u o a ortbed the n ala ot his o lebrat d p clo eat lit and I"lmd r not 1n t a t lt tor Lek I lA Innlat .. betwe n United States atlon wbioh 1n41Y1dUal Ir1a 1n the Un1t d st te wh1oh wer designed to eppeal to both an r can aud1 oe. At er l 2, th oat 1m-port t ot these tor h atudent of the Celtic renaissance waa !!! .-Ga--.oda.-;;;;;1 ... 1 S P

PAGE 288

7 5 hl)' bll1ngu l g alne devot d o th P otion ot t langu u I 11c an4 or lr lend which publu d 1n Yor l4k n d 41attngu1a Boston fllot and t IJ'1ab oontr1 tore t J s I 1 Oregoey, A11o 1111 an, Dwgla H7d and uno er 7 b b4l Oeltl It 1a, 1n Mit ion 1 a ne of lnto nat. a T d onat it 1 1tl whi h app ared in li01 been 1e of 0 l t l.t;e bit t in t -pr otlon ot tbe v1 1 t t I 1 lan 1ao.uaae4, gh t to t curious s-adox ot t t llab to e to 01'1t1olse " aklng and irl"1 in in l1eh." ul ot thla dox Yeat who w no lriah, l b 11 d t ad. t modem Oelt1o aobool" J Gecr M o d tol' leoove d a a 11o ao l.ar to t late ld,a p rtul ato entl 1 'Tbt F.loo4 1nto Ir1-h. I pta o p o e lw I 18h lan a Jed A! O.o4 1 to take 1n 1n the Qae11o IAa both in er1ca and 1n IMl d. T O.ello or A er a waa t(l.ln 4 1n 1898 and d b o po rtul to raiae than 11,000 powuta tor Do. l.a lf7C! wh tQJ.re4 "-tt1oa to olleot tww.t tor l.n vJnl 1n land 1n 1908.. Pro inent mbere 1n l.iOl ., Stephen J. R1cba a , pub11eher of' !r.!, Oaodal, tb8r York t R --re. Ric neb17 ot Oathollo Unl relt ,. and P.w. Jtob!naon ot rftttd. 111ohll 1 Dev1tt po at the twrth annual convent 1on md pre1a ct tb ttort of Fath r o aro T or 111 fluaaell,

PAGE 289

'766 Pougl a H'Jde and Georg S1 r. n to r 'f'1't'e Il'lah. Y ata, wbo a unabl o att nd, wr a 1 t r ot t tr t country a t t ot dJ G g which n Gaodal publi d It xpreaaed Yeata' belief 1n tbe l.rllpone ot t wo or t Ge lie League aaaerted that ll'1ah natl could "only be rt otl7 present wlth t bo wbo l1D4 r: tood the lanS\1 ot Ir land. Aleo, althoush F .atber O'Gl'O.., .,, wbo oo poa d t b 1c uee4 by be Gaelic X.agu h devote4 muoh time to atlr'rJn g up nolllh ettioana to ta part "lrl t ati'Uggle tor at1 al --.;;;.;;;;;;.-.} belS.'"d t t 01111 belan4 a tlt to be t t .i.nal reat1ng place or bla r 11'1A1na and ln 1901 lt start d a h.n4 to retum hie r ina to nat1v oountey from t 1r t mporaey w 1n C l1tarn2a 'r 1 t a-at tib1ch As G ocial d1ap y in t Ga lie agu 1n Ir land a tlected 1n t a tentlon wb1oh lt d vot to the work ra tor tb lan a r 1 t In b1 ocmn ot.1on the group p o ra pha d r 1ol by J .z. o elly re or beoau hfte ot t 1916 lead r -Eo1n ac e1ll, Patr1o P rae and lohael 01Hanrahan b en 1n one or tbeae pS.otures a:a.d b oaua 1. J O 'Kelly the t11"et c pet nt, tbl r1a1ns. Tbe ad1ng wor r 1n 1901, of ooura was Dougla HJde and n 1'0\la ret no a to him appe red 1n !.!!. 0 odal during y ar. A ex mple ba b n not d: th announcement ot a volum ot a a ed1: 4 by Iedy gory, to wh1eh Hyde, Standlah J oGa.dJ', Y at a,. Oeor oor.t, dward nd George Ruaeell wre to oontr1but J Gear ocr 's letter announcing that tl-. Irish Lit rary 'r atre would pro&lce Hyde' a !.!!!. 'l'!1atas st..

PAGE 290

ot ot r thtlt tollw ... ...,..., w , in Sten418h 1. 0 oonn otl. on l Y1'Y lr1 h l.utlona sa h an lJRI)O!'t n t1 be oono tort "lfll t ap are4 SA to HP1ou r a ona e .. t Oreaorr, 11 La ot _leon rtyn, in ere t 1n ., to r 1al'ah1p Yl b .'YO. ar re ner in tlbe p wrltlng t Oel t 1o renal a-re hown to ete In the ot the at t o, o' G'ft. ' 1nte at : bt-ought out by ao t nd SJnBe ' langua cl r 111 an the Aren 1aland w h c en t-1but d to SJll 1o1e a rv d to introduce a paasage to the t teot th t v11ta o t Aran I landa t-o bave been popul rla 4 b7 Path !l' o o 7 m4 wer mad alao b7 y, t , &uno e r, J re all Curtin d Gregory. wb1ob S! p._o4al d plq d in t Ir1th Literary T a tr as d a1 1t1oant or t per1o41 cn-tafiO to t a ud nt of the C .ltlo r naiapnoe. ot Oeor d w a. Ye ts re alngled out 1n oonneot1on wlth hta ln e at in th& drama becaw. alan with

PAGE 291

768 aono e ely H7 t Ir1ah Lit Theatre 1n 1901 oduo 4 a pla7 upon w 0 c llabol-atect. p r1od dint d th1r4 1. 1901, and 1t 1a "r1oua t -boa 0 d lt aa a Gaelic Lea e r r in boo f..!
PAGE 292

OGil'nfte ta4t t; n t onoem. tor J t l o 1s.n " Ol: be t 0 n 0 1:a 1 ole t eu oeou t 41 ot o "to kn 0 "r ad b t 111 11, 47 1 to14 ot tt ba p -not l to a b t Iri.ah ll'1 h ate. Ruaaell o lon lar ta lCh1b i;tton 'b J a a l1oe 1111 an' a ut t1 ., 1' t r all71 b --Uh ar 1at a1gn1t 1o el 7 ot 1 01 n a p:t n at rnlo t o auob 1eh lntereata aa the Irl h A loultural

PAGE 293

gena ion s 1etiy, the r1can 1nt ft t 1n Ire land md B lAna ppro d ad Sir Hor co Plunk tt Geo Ruaaell an n a pr m appPO ed by t I. A.o. As tar Ir1ah atblat1 a a oonoerne4, tO. n ot url a Dav1n 4 Jobn Boyle oR 1117 wr reoordJ 4J and, as. far .l r2Qan lnt _at 1B I 1 4, T 'beodore Roo elt, 1111 LJ"cm Pbel a, H -c () leV, 1nla7 Pet r Dunn 1a ogen Ou1ney 4 -be Douglaa W1 n w oted ot th1a p n non. In oonolus1on, O.odal,' lations with tbe en1ana re cUaouaaed ,.. T Iat1 hA r1 n p nod1oal d 11ttl to say bout t 1.1 1ng espon nts ot S.Oal t -e Yen 1t tbe aot1Y1t1e ot tb Oelt1c lit f!'1 Soo1 ty an4 the reo ntly to ed Ingh1n14be ta n 1n to-eo count. T propoted An lo-Amier lean al e,, h1oh c1 apl,-t1l'r 4 b& Cl n l 1 ne r ntlo nor wae tbe B r _r, J.nc14ontally, n wa tbere iny wo'ld ot Ja oBr14 aud Gm Jo voy, or Tom Clark all ot 'Who w r 1n Unlt d Sta l 01. H v ., 4.!\ Ton Rob rt t Tbo a De 1a and tbe men or 6'1 ad irable.



PAGE 1

OHAPTER V THE IRISH ORLD1S ORUSAD 8, 18?0 In the la t obapter the birth ot the Ban Rule movement and the initial appear-ance or C rles Ste rt P rnell on Ir1ah pol1tlo 1 eo ne noted. In t era which tollo Parn 11 wa to play an r-1ncr __ 1ng part in the Rule move nt. It "' be r his other b 1ng t d 1 b red that he wa an Ir18h-A r1can, ter of 0 odor rt tba Unit d St t y. Obv1ou 1 tor an under tandtng of Pam ll'a r, ac:me account of the Irish ... r1can o n tt r1 hi 11tet1 1a ne ce sary. Accord 1ng ly, th n xt t bree o pter will be devoted to th1 subj ot. And, probably, eo thing y be lear d bout the underlying tore s 1n Irish aeparati a Parnell, in thia c a1derat1on. 11 aa about Th re 1a no more direct way of learning bout the tatue of th C ltio ren 1 ano and Fen1an1 ln the U nited States trom 18'70 to 1879 than by a perus 1 ot the Irish-A ri.can periodic l literature ot that t As most ntativ 1n it acop Patrick Ford t a lt;sh WOJ-ld, we kly p r publ1 hed 1n New York, haa been oho en tor sucb a tudy. So tar as the status of the Celtic renai sance is cone rned. three 0811lp&1gn ot the Ir1sh orld are notable r a SUI 218

PAGE 2

at . an ttort o Iris lan g an XpO 1t on of l1"1ah In it X 0 1 :lon Q xn-t()'l7 ot ou. a X.1ab .............. dlacu 4 t 1 a ort nt oonbributlaa. o the PenS..n me 1n 1 1 1ah1n a a to be t t 7 b o e4 at ell ta t tbat the t1r: t three aaa.pal 1 Sne1ple whi h w !Cat l la 4 t .. :tnt To a Mev I Tbe toll 1n 0 t l 11 t1 t pla 1a GQr daft elt-go p rwlllb evoted 1n h oll ct1 ot t 0 1oi d oel nt tr1ok .J -.nd to lt 1 1 b o 41 cu 1 on td t lo Po 1ll ....,..;;,;;;;;;;;;..,. p l'h pa 1t b t1\;t1ng to b t 01'd, ot o .OUJ" , D lrUh r1 nt 0 t 1 roh

PAGE 3

920 In hia earl "f< ar Port\ hlad aae1at d W1111 Llo.Jd CJarrlaon 1n t l1oat1on ot Tbt Idb r tor and n b C to :p p r ot h1a o Ind d, 1n 18'78 ollght to eJlUla .te t 1 tamou1 a bollt 101\let ar1g1nal to !!'1ah orl4 pu.J'pO: e or the dit1on a o 1D41oate that t pap r not olly t n up with 2 Ir land Irtu n Aoo 1ng o a 1tatt' o a pond t, 8 ord too h1a w sub d t Garrison paper. It 11, per-pa, 1r leov n to poi t another Iruh... r1c n. win In, 4 j t tOI.tnde4 a J OtU."Xl.-1 Which to o _lb brate it a ventyf1t h anni'f raa17 1n P bl'Uai'J, 1 Ot Y t h I w who ociat t p r o lo edit d by oa-8. ld Oarrlson Villard with h Dublin an ven r r o al1sse klJ. a 1n p1red by an r1oan rad1 al In ad 1t1an to it n eelebret 4 oc:mt r1but t he 41n. on t tiret J)llge, and the o1rculat1o ot Ir1e wl4 7 b nt1on db ro rnin to 1 a c rua de In 18'16 ot t editor explain to a corre p ent the adirtg Oil th6 tlrat peg t s.

PAGE 4

221 with na-:r 18 1ntereat1 e too bolla w ta, 1f1th p 1lh1 II Old IN bu 1 r oontrlbute to papel' tw r' "' z-.... rd ot 1t. r n v1t to ontr1 eire lat r S, 18"1'7 1 o a t o t Donovan oaea., to be oorre1p nt to t 1 rl ein ... 1 00 14 r ble n eaey to 41 co. r reproducl r:n 1 1\l ot ot l t tor e'Ye orl ill. A that t1 the ktra1ah1ng 1 to 8 t 1n totalled 1 724 e. r tbe r 6 1111300,000 oopi ot ear y 1n 18 o cr4 tan ot 1ch waa to In 1892 the Olad o a 1. e. ue tor J ua17 l l p 1nt 4. Then .. t ,. o non ubeor1 r 1n ave ber l 18'7

PAGE 5

ao Pord ol att.o.n, 4:5 1V23 n it bad o t ar1 a of o ru.n 111n o t oie p t Geor tu 1 t ot 1n a .dd1t1o en d1 jou_ naU oiro\1 t1on 1 thou to it regul clrou.-1nll ln 1884; 1 expon nt ot t tiguJ"e ere pxt n til't t o a1 to b ta n up h1a -t ok be pic tori 1 lr11hun; exempl1t1ec1 b7 'fh a t' 1 2 e rio tur but orl nall c ted b7 ng 11ah 1lluatr ed j 1 Thia atta k 414 not origin te LoY: r 4 been or1t 1o1 d, al 1 arly 1843 ntl by _be DubllJl t 0 Ir11 a 1 r' Opt 2&, 1996, P Ir .. en 1n 0 4 d 411 ttl' -0 1n the u. p. s .,. 22,

PAGE 6

oe p Jl no l 1 l' In .... l 111 -t n !at tt 0 In b b -.1 be king k _at t pla 1p 1 0 r 1 t a t no tt r 0 ill' -18 or ot Delta a lao I :ult t on n d t l' or gg, ott 8 tag -t.,. 1l.l.e4 t nature --., b t 0 1n b Lo Irt -n, t u til' two ot he 1n to t 1 --0 tfeot ot the o a 4 111 I lan4 t tot 01e ohi t W..JLOIUO.&-... ed b7 Obj to tlw u ,ot . tb pr1n 1'1 t1o p.a

PAGE 7

e, ... ina t ol"
PAGE 8

l to. t the h1. 4, b t 1 4 wlt rott n l g d ad cat to., tol" pla7 h 'Irieh nt And tbil'dl7, tb t. 41at 17 0 onl7 b-1 elb111ty t 2'1ng ubet1tut "' Prop t1. t a k dz "I tb&re not P did rial 1nt l1 nd me ot 111, 8 olt or to res P1tz Y. at and 0 ben 0 t -tJ! nn ld n, Itt land, who 1 d fOJ' ot t u.l ot th1 0 t 11 v tte 0 1a t or Ob114re u 4 ath 4 Dathl he b ttl ot Con art Jld s tnt . t lt 1n ;n.. 4 lnt Dub 0 not hol4 up to r1 1u t 11-1 h o 1t in 1 1 6 e. ut. prot 2!!!!Sa!!!!!Y T P rl ln 18'7'7, Iri Dra. naal Cui_ l 1eh wb1 0 iffent1Y ,. to ao ne 1D 1n t b --FI 01 187, 1 86, 18'17, p.s.

PAGE 9

226 1 p o d o ol io 1 toro o oopy to v b n bli he I would to e dr t1s o .......,........,. of OonnaBi9t 1Bb _ol4 ot an nt of n ld 0 11. t t lD 0 t 0(); t wit English rul a ttr1buted to a diahon t pr at opl. f .or 1r ioh o j ct 0 1 0 1n1st r eDda t ,:;;O.:;;.t...,;CJ;.;; ... t at a d or1b no h1 but 0 and t 1 .1 CCI'ld k t l1v n d 1 y t1rre4 up a 4e 6 at tua nt17 ro ' boo Y1le t Iril, h out 14 Tbe oroua. r or a wo n, 7 1ah t ongu 'ft 8 k ,.. Inot n lly, n 1no14 t in tba n 1 to d cl s ' 1n "' 8 10. t lnt t he 10 t1ce 180. los. o Obriat op r bon 8 thOltght 0 b res. :r r who c1t., Plh '7. ee1ve4

PAGE 10

0 d1d not "fO 0 t r lt 11, hioh P 'rick n Ir1 W 14 0 th18 aub t, h1a r1oa with ot r 11\ t 227 t --g t hi 1 yt 1 .:a. p h 1 4 ration to .pe ot tbe 1ntere t 1 '1 0 t St t "1 1 I 1eh la In 0)"4 r to p eent th study ot th 18h 1 ot conorn t 1 t 0 xt, 1n 11c ot t ond1t1on ot t tu4y ot t p "fiou8 0 111 tollow. n4 tlnall'f, w t d ln land tt r Ford' oa a1 will 41 aed. lnl Mooney 3 t a,ooo,ooo I1'1eh 1n re G Uc p re. In 1850 the .d1tor ot Ir1 le t a Oa boll C 1a t1 hoo ld ap ak to y k u 1 1D Ir1" B7 1869 the perwa l. s.. s. 3. P

PAGE 11

28 0 1n o ool. s to G 1c eo 0 t1on or1 1 In 1S'73 Jo o r de r11 d a Il-1hJou 1, :t, alt 0 h o 0 s c olar 1t pro bly wr1 nint 1 1872 t 1 t cone irt1 a bUDd nt ot r ot ot at ooth ott t 4 r o 1 7 re aa n I Yar who s 1. 2. "1. _ollal a l1 pport 1' c4 tt ion -on t t t t g t 10 to b 0 p Dd lt ot On tt a. lie T 1nal 4 t -1tor ot Irish tor 1D The Un1 e 1ty t oour e by 1n Jarlath' 6 latn In in ort no an en :u.alaati 1ta pro wt r sa, r '7 to

PAGE 12

t1on 1n 1n Je ., c t 1t at 27' 1872-....,;iiiiiiiiiiiii> 1n 3 I 1 1llwn1nat1ng to t 1l 1 7 e. ov r a, .. ina chool 2 101 t, 1 0 notlc of be fa 0 v ival on t ole al 74, P s P a 1873 P s

PAGE 13

18'74 1 t er to t t old ot i t ol 1n oh 1 l y 3 p 4 4: .. y o1 nt lr1ah 1 wbloh :"1 t lnt o l1 hay; e nt o u o or1p 0 u Q r libr&I'J Another apODd t l4 ()f it ln ruot1on t Ir1ah The motto tbe oston Pb1lo-Ce 1o Soo1et'J : !! oJl" ("Be r Li r1ok aDd tlB l18h t On j et ot t purp 1n Ob1o 1 2. 6 '1. Ana d 1 o lled tor aocS. ties. tor the twin e nd oe nd n 1 ho u d to t ac t o 1 al or the Iri b to!\gu oeton Ph1lo...C ltl !001 ty& ot1on 141nan 1 r ocletlea lph1a and an. A rooll:l Pb1lo-Oelt1o s te r Sept mber .......... .......... __.... uguat 2, 18'73 p 1. to Corre pondent !ah orld, Feb. a, 1873, p. 4. 1

PAGE 14

Soo ty until 1876. title author. He 4 I Howev r, le 2Sl not a e to v "' 1 and Pord, o had 1gn d a t n cr dtt t quic ning 1ntereat ln th Irish nth ev e oord1ally re'Yie da no v1e r 1 ahow t 1 to he campaign 1n the Iriah World 1nt re t 1n t 1. roh B, 1873 p. 7. a 50. 5. e ., p.&.

PAGE 15

232 110 la s 1 nd and Soot ... 1 7 to b 1'ound 1n anti rl religioUII 1 'l'o be aur neither the 1 2 Uni d Irii!Uilell o t Yo la- b n 1n41tt n o language bu l 3 fir t. ,... d t 7 t re lval ot the Ilt1ah t to beoo or the utmost in t to p rio a u 1r 1ntlue oe w a Juat beginning llben '1 ord1a t 41 o t.1 ppe 1 18'18. 8 Antl ar1 n re h lnl7 in 1w n4 or Un1 1t and onl7 reb 1 J att lat1n o par t1ete 1n be bAande ot auoh a 9 th ot r n4, the etab11ahed Chut'"Oh w a 1nto at d in the l1v1n 10 po Tbe Oba1P 1n 11h t 1n1t7 Col 11 atabl1a tor th1 on in lS.O. ot Dublin, ... 1'1 al b t en Oathollo d Proteetant eat r1 a. h 1n 18 rot In the clerical oolle ot ooth, Oarlow, and K11 kenn: which a 4 voted to th eduoatlo ot Catholic oler n, tbe lr1ah l.angu ge 1a taught p rt ot the oduoat1ona1 oourae; and ln tbe oo1le a whete ai r1 ot oppoa1t t ot ore d are duoated, it baa latterl7 be n de branch ot atu4y and acquirement. 8 ot thea 1aa1 r1 t.v gon ao ta:r u to print 1. P a. P 3 P 1 P 8 5. PP 1 e. P 1s- ., aav. a. PP 118 10. 11. !!.. !h!, O!ffireb S: Jrelapd1 vol.

PAGE 16

B 3 1n th Ir1 cU. tr1but 1on b t 1r 41 te (Cta1oua noup, a elo 1n ot ap ar d 1n 195:S an4 1 4 to the nt o t 0 1r 1nGae11 at t 2 Uni ty ot 1n. 188 .) T l e d1n n Oa bol1c xP ottbe languag e re, hb1 hop oHal ot !u nd hi abl lieut ant, 0 non Ul1ck J. p ei.dent ot Saint Jarlath' Ool-4 1 g Fro 1864 6 oaeS.onal publ1oat1ona 1n Ir1ah ad t 1r ap ... at but 0 n j curnal t U d. O t a Soot h p r to a 14a t att . t to f0Lln4 n Irlah ob ::r o tr1b pld 16'19 P 10. r 28, 1872, p gue. Irish World_, August

PAGE 17

2 1 t illn I 0 O' 111 l, y al o be nt1on d. a for 11, gr t 0 -00 Dgag 4 1n I' y wtth t em th ubj 1o aonpt 1n hat 0 it 11 n lg publ otl 1n Il-'1h 0 a -otoh, In b Dd ric an 8 fOJ' tber or not rlok other Ir1ah-r1 an ln1-t tf popula t 1 7 I%'1 h lea na, inte t 1n 1 7 rloue 4u ora 1n t t pe ion to t o 8 Ir1 1 'xt w Jeo t d A hb1abop le r ra to do 1 Pf'l, ............ t t1on Dubl .. on Irl --"P> ... ag A a let c t7 tor 1f1: h 1 oble Plunk t 1 T .D. e 81 el'8 a on dor 1 w lo 12 ri a b7 th Bo ton 13 <*l.JD 1 o-cel 1 o1 obJec toll '' ott-D1bl1n s 1et 1. e '7. a. t 10. 11 12. p. 8 !be o el1c Tongu s 18'77, p. a. lS?a, p. a. 8 11

PAGE 18

Shor ly atte:r t ,_.nle t 23 rop e o 1 a det d t ort land' 8 anc 1&nt languas baa adl1n tor.toaet 'fbat r IAAmen publ1 be a tt r a1gn Duglaa Hide" bioh o pain d t t the Ir h langue nobp To r Y1 a oola e o1 ll tor enoour the ann r in w tinct abou hl h 1n sus t d pr1 a in t n, b oaua tbl oul4 h 0 t 1 on md d ht ra. t prob bly B e'a ti:r t ap o 1n print 1 worthy repr ot1ona To c 1 b pointe out t t 1n 18'79 t S oc1e ty t o r arch 18'77 p l April sa, 18'7'7, P. 69:5. Ir1 h I.engu

PAGE 19

P ae at1o or t w oh a T t d ot 1ntrodu lo to 1' ougn t ,. 414 ot Ir t t a 11o Union 1 to b o id d orr ot Iri e1Y1l atl h1 tyb n a port d, al '1 ot t ter1 1 on Iri o1 1 1 t1on 1oh p red in Iri orld ill -tt t c1 li"Pf'lllda' 1 tt p to d n -Ir1 b t nt 1n 2 rio a ..,. a e. 1 ot lotu & rd 0 an e who ... mo d to pr t ina boo tt rs b ca ., t with oon 14er 1 t. tU7 A r1oana 1pa re lNt two ot t T ap a no ot leo did not rov t lotu 0 thol1a and 1n d tbat 11' rt 1ta ln-d pend 0 eire t c in t 5 t r1o r ult 1a 1n the n tton itselt, not 1n nti t p rtioula,-1 ag-ed. At Iruh thi t1 Jo 1tob l c d a.n ty on Ireland n4 a .uoh lw.d o ont r t n w clition ot th 2. s. 4 4 an art1ole on Brehon laws to 6 r1oan 0101 1 o, ito l b r 7, 18'72, P 5. X' 14 1 72, P 1. 2, 1J '14, p 8'161 p

PAGE 20

be n t r d to b B y t "th onl y ns I land p 11t1o 1 d eo lit hou l' cor lid 1 .l hi word 8%J11' d nt n.t out rn. t 1 1 Ino14 ntall7t 1n ... euoo 1111-_ All_ s aa editor ot and a ot'"ld ,... .. 4 portd r 0 h ct n Ir h. 'Yn 1a1t ri , c1 publ 4 aye to .mow how rior arl7 Ir1 h 01 ll1za ion 0 t t ot p debat b t n roud an4 t r T r 1n pros" 1 1t publ1 an an 0\11 r1 ot r 1cl a nt1t It sou : t to .. nt1qu1t ot Ir1ah Li. erat re" 1 1. e. ' P1o 1 D itl r1rat thre peot1Y ly= 6 Anc1 nt lr1 h rcMt e tur J" and Leat 0Qnqueat !!. Deo r Sl1 1872, p. 5.

PAGE 21

--0 t fo h ou 2 on 01 111&-tio o did not t Ixup :lllto t n 1o our alt I' so r d 1 1t b s hool 9 d1a al o lnt t wo t bOlt Irlah U t1o tor t l' aDd to 238 ot no -J ; _le t tbi point aur ap d 1 ot t T at ter1al d.1 1d' d 1'1 t 1 a1 to t 1 h 1o oa- l .ier iod 1 co r n or1t1 1 land" t 10 arly l'ac a oon 7 oU. Pl o land 8 ., re of cone t-n to ord w h o 11 'ft. 1 t Ir1 1o. How Y -,.., article t 1 t re C ltlo 11 1 two taor1te aporta ot t anclent Iriab. ot t ro r u or1 t1 on Ir1eh ath t1c 7. te 11 18'73 P l. 10, 1874, p 6

PAGE 22

2S9 T ull 1 a P to th1.9 d1a,1not1Y tun11t e Dough 0 e with au p1o1ou a alutat7 pur. 1ti '!'be ho tllitrJ be> c toroea to hi, 1 1U 11 au "' you wlt a tr ati .At h - oh the of burl1n 1 . by tM l1eh GaY t 1n tblt tsta --.-IUIJ t w p .ollce' 1n Ireland pr 1b1t ancient and h1 t orl. c 8 ootball a ot r t ot t c1ent Ir1 h I:r1 h Wg p te4 a 4 the Isaiah at1onal1ata. aport o l 1 pro 1c r the ln Ha&l tan, P n 1 n1 t re ot wbi h 1a t .. ere. ou to tic A oc1at1 d bet en t tollow1 c 4 B noh ltn1 hta nt on :r 1n1 o nt a "O M A a Olanna _::-in a t object t Ir1 h Pike ex-T "' r t 1' t 1o Ath -7 ot t found ra Pol'd hid only pas in. tancr tor ancient Ir1ah pOJ'ta nd it 1 r oo ed: to 1D4 e t pt r 4, l875,p.3. pt r l 73; P 7. r 9, 187&, &

PAGE 23

t an 1n 11' t1on or 1 a what ot rly n to o t 11 about h 11 r '1.7 .Ireland. 1Da r l gendai"J and hltltorloal. Il-1eh geD4 o n be 4lv1 4 1n o to lo ology, n4 tbe lattrlaln rt tori al. An .uapl or tbe tolk-lore which p pe d in .............. 7 be leoted tr the Ana r 0 Oar .Anot t t al r ot t Blao Pig l an 14e ta l71 or h t Lo h, onaghan, told ot a ou.rloua xper $ 1 no 4 wit t p18 and de l red t t in 19 7 ro c about t or the Black Plg re a polit al to Int ua 01 Dnblln ......................... 0 ogy 0 r or t t a14 ot Ohri opber r d1t lal att and a tell con tot wlth O'Donovan Bo a 7 6 0' t. 8 t lS.r wlth b th B Bran e4 t 1 cole Ir1 orlg l. s. &. 6. 7. a. 9. arned artlole tor I:rl h orld about the 9 c Aceor41 g to o Ke tte, t Soot a 24, 187S, p. 4. ll.S-114. PP s-96.

PAGE 24

1 bo row d tr ot Uia and "the d aor1pt1on CU hu111n' o 1n tbt t1r t ot Fingal, 1a translated t 8 I 1 p J tic rl 2 a in; rted 1oh aopbei' on 3 trag 1 or Deirdre. tot re 0 l" to t ub.," Ol' Ping l). In tlo ap o e tt o d bat "the Fein t X:ln of t Rou.n4 Tabl with Flann ( w1tb be n1an Cyole two tnnale-yb nt1o 4 "Oath b ttl ot o bbra D th of Oaoar ( ran l. t 4 5 hom th l 1 or o .S.n) b and an Engliah r lon t alao u :;.,z:=z==. b7 John 0 tTu 1 o tite tte hol leal u.blecta tor or. inal poe rt t1o1pa 4 Y: ab 1n th con el ot de el 1ng yproduota ot b1a them 1n Nt\1 t toot no a ennotat d b7 Pita t .l 1n, ln not on. p nt1o 4 s u 1 ergua 1 a T llet-1 Deirdr "Delrdl"e' Oapt1 Lecl7, be nt tor t s ot Uanaoh Tho t "AY ng1ng an4 r1gbt aD4 d. ... lt on principal of h1 8 hair. A e. s. c. s "O e. 7 a. p De1r41'e, Na1 1 nd King 0 cbub-pte r 26, 18'14 .......,........,iooioliii> ..,;,;;;;;...,., ...... .....,. .....-;;,;;;jldijiilo_ November 20,, or d eb. ruary 14, 18'74, p.s. no len n1an r 23, l875,p.3. 1876, p. 3.

PAGE 25

Ot h 1. rel1 1 n .,. on D 1 ot t Cbr'iattanl through 3 o 1ne st. th to the nt s 0 s r. the ne oolooun ot with t ltlh tter t lW tlrat B 1 d t'r tr_ nalatl on of t t 1 5. 7 9 10. P a. I e orlc t tie PN...Obr 1 tr.und. d1 0 1n 1 d t 1r 1 c O tte a p r An Irie 4 PHa4 during the loh d on P .a lwB 1n d1aoo. ry d or P ex la p (a y t 0 t ln a1 0 ond t 1 d wb1 -be P an t r n on 6 er1nga ot Oiatn) a1 b1 h ooourr ltind 1n the twelfth a n

PAGE 26

which r1od otg :t 1 I. tt:> tor 1 Volun ot 1 I 0 w. 1 c4 .-.,;::;.;::;;:::. pe!l' ll_la 1n ol I lA ;r, N4J4 01 1. a. 10. l 12. 13. u. llh 1 p t ord 0 n o lled th 3 o,-4)' Patrlc 0. 117 -1 Jo oc 9 1 0 11' e 1, o1ra a In on ot h lun ft8 p 1 t rneb un n ot 1'198. .rt1 r ot d. portS. on ot en ahJ.n .on 0. ott nbe tohel d 0 pp. 2'7-281 39. p 12, 87-', P Jul1 # 18'7,, P 6. 4. pp. b 1, Ir1ah Ot'ld, July ll1187-4_.p.4.

PAGE 27

1 act d a oh an tor a ctur on 11 latd'a 2 R genent1 n SUbaeq n 17, be otu UDdor th au p1o a ot Cl and to t __ oy and the o r tng to ap oulat on ot CbJoa o who 1n ntion of enl hit t d tog he In th t an fro t howe r, WS.ll atop with the 4 although w a o b uee 3 0 h J'4 o 'SUllivan BurltO John De-the udl n he oonolud d t roh 20 1876. I 1 1nt t ld have lli.da ot Jolm .. Pin rt7 to c onolud ord h1 t with a nt1 1' w .... ather t n nt ot 1 a t1v1tle o.an readily or ath or John o hony 1n 1877 tor 'b7 o Demo an Ro a ad o ntre ot Brotherhood, att r that date t Ola -na-Oael w a 1norea ingly to b t n1 ot Ph7 l to 7 pro.,. 1na ruot to to-

PAGE 28

0 1 l ar 1 0 lw 1n lan ot JOhn 1n until n lel t up lt .. h 1'7, PP 98 l, P '79. p 10 . , p 9

PAGE 29

24-6 ny announced t tortbe 1ng tour-or rhood 1n advert1s t 1n t th1a solution wa a d "favoring retu ot J s to h1 old po 1'1on ch1et ar g niz A t month lator the Brotherhood _nd tn Olan .... nar jointly aoo 41 d with t aca of nian pr1ah1p, o oners tr penal Mltu 1n u t ral1 abo rd 111 t tal but cordi or 41ta'bl to Jo VO'J o no ot thl 1 that 6 1n 1865, had ju 1: 1 .., l. 2 6 ertu I to h T la rl1 1n n1 8 1877. th con B 6 o t n 7 ot T at 1t1 ho d lped Steph n to escape rot rhood 1n tnd1 t1on at it nt1on 111 h1oh or honr att nd d 9 n t ben p rhap th1a wa

PAGE 30

t co both ahell.ld 1n t 1 ob s wn pall r t be lon tb& e san dead n a wY tJ4 ac 1 e. 5 6 7. e. oe rot t arr r r 0 d T Council ot t 1 too ot p g t 1o ey aat1on 1 '" o t -ony 41 t ian rot r oo4 (5j cJd.od tbiat d and for t t p po bono d me7 s t 1 .lth b lt b$en launo d 7 Prior to the 4 p rtu.re ot t bo4y, 6 d b7 o 4 D O'f, ne nt to eland ud hlc\ 1n ... Ywk. Pat rio ot tbt .-.--ta tcma 4 part ot -n lJ' riG ot t 1o "At 1vlc dlY1 1o r 1,500 atro J he n the 01 -na -ael, r1 t o to Ir1 r ot Feoianl J l 1o 1 r earob a1a 0' hon d eiv d tr bo h the body r lv d 7 o lea 1ok P s. 1'7, ebruary 24, 187'7, p. 5

PAGE 31

e h 1C ot 11 1. a. 10. 11. 12. or or 0 d rl dU h ot Te t 0 6 z. t h to 0 2 8 1 Council or t 1 Tot d .1g -1 ull 8 .. t p l' l 1 2 "re t open t door ot bod ot John o hmrr or.e t op.lnio or ot r Ir1 h ... ll0 dCil n and t pothOod 1a tore r ebat ... bo47, t I tit tbe Abb y b P 11 Ou 1 b '1 Oog rt 11 t hie a l' .t1on tor o t all S. 1 h rl oonceaa1 g 1 4 t __ t1tt en 7 r t i ) At her he t t OQ. ot r1but D -la who poe "Death .......,...,.....,... pp .. 186-18'1. rch 3, 1877, Sl,l87'7, rob 17;18??,p.s !!!!! P 210

PAGE 32

d nev otl.J 2 n011D. l ro 4 1m ot Jo o r'1 H T n ot oDono Roe a baa beo identified with t k1 it d 0 t 1gn t Sk at role ot OWl' e., eo rr ,. 1nt gh -ord qu.all.y r apona1bl tor 1 it apace 1n .....,.......,.. n, 11 1nt 17, a 41eouaa1on ot ed b7 a COb41d ration a pla7ed ln launoh 1 att bed to I o wot-tor 1t r S.on will be 1D41o te tlr pp red on 7 le, into ar na b no t1 ton at 8 76. ......... --.....ah1 orld 1k' 7 ntl.J 1t1 -n1ng w a to r tw n r an4 howe ,. Sdnapplng tbe P 1noe ot ale 47 8 1 a ON P to e tiona 6

PAGE 33

1 '71he 0 u.log1at1o b i o phy ap reo p ton, ep tor o e1117 Oland j ... old Ir1 1 0 de Yo 4 hle. 250 n1 4 1n Y -b y John 1t bel 2 nun o tul a t w1t h the So to 0 lnu.a l, 1 otmra d a In ap1t ot th1 0 11 to oat riv lear to t Dublin Ir1 On De to c r 5, 18'15, rh -.rot to ord to per u him to at rt tor 1 Ol"dg lett r unt1l count ot th no publlo ac t ot o 1pt ot t 6 o 4 opo al 1D ro 18'78. In ao-11 ot h tlUld 4ln 1881, Po attr1but 4 1: a origin to bU brot r, Augu tin Pard, and olu 4 Roeaa b aa oc1at d with 1t l.at rr oOl'dingly, w in 1 announo 1 .. 1 ed1 or1al Ro a a .., and t r 4 to, ln e .,. a. n e4 a tbe h a proj ct 1n 0 t Treasurer. nd tront ot ,1n 1o ot Ro a t a a r 8 4 etteot. 1. rob 1876,p.6. ; 1881, P 1 roh -&, 1876,

PAGE 34

Roa t rb 0 lao leoture4 on e 4 nt1t 1eore 0 251 t1on with t Pu.Dd p l" appear 1 rly 1n 1 "o --cu r eto. .. In d 1t1. j ... going a tar a n nc1 co tor t p\U'pO d wrot t o the Dublin .,.Ir .... 11.-;;;;;;;;;;;;;OOiiiiileabout 1 t B7 De bld b 0 o rle1 St t lnd 1t ble a T s 1 1 nd in y, 1877 b t 6 London a die lAter 1n "' r ne apap r 1n Count7 Ola Irel 4, a tribut d t or1g1n and rowth ot the to "ODJna_ w1 h tun4 tor t at out oDyn_ h Lo tr1ed to and t be C h1ol go '1'_ a earc t 1eal.lJ " d to I r pl.J ber, Saxon toe 1 h v n ill r b llad be fir t 1 ot wh1 wasa 0 all ye all 'fi r b r 1, a :s. 5 e 7 e 10 7 1876 p 4 1876, P 5

PAGE 35

l OQ. lllm.Cma to t 1 0 c 1 t P r 1 3 or 1a l4 0 I 0 II 1 t pap by ott 0 12, 18,

PAGE 36

naGfl 1 to b o 1 Pa 11 25 3 ot the 2 1117 t hat t Jo d t d to it B oward t after t ppo1nte in April, 77, t 11-na did not ot om. tr1bu tor a. Of t tru. t 3 t 1 T f r T .o. ., d Jo Dev07. At ord 1n 1tor1 11 t to co t a1ngle In ..,, woul4 wr1t t .oml0e4 hat Luby lnd h1 lt alt rnatel7 6 "Ir1ah tio 1 Atta1r 11 our k later b1a f1rst art1ol appea 4. It d voted to n about the en to wl'it tor Bro rh and tat b an engage at with 'I a publ r o wJ-1 --- By ()tit r :, 18'17 it 4 old d to qo)--t Ro a WOJ"k a a o ontr1 t or aDd eo t ry nd 9 eppe r 1 h .. 0 11 1. oD. Th Sk y 1876 P e. a to Say, Ir1 h. or1d. OJ'ld Dece r s

PAGE 37

at tor Wcxrld, aa too rp r b 1 tt t 1 o o t DUb Un .;;;;;;:..o;:;:.;;;;;;:,;;;;., 1 hit t 1 ; a a o 2 cltor to r land. Hie c n "pol1t1 1 an4 l.1t r.ry optn1one, al -with :xplanatory t t 4 t th h t1l t : 0 will oollt) Inland' t owner h1p ot o t a o pb1a o 1 t t-right baa t "t n a t n r.-. u ada a te 0 g b._' 0 tr t te t _ge ot ord' pap rJ h t d, tog c1ro ion s 01" ott t Lalor t a rig oa tributor d augg at d to t s kJ use ot 1t nd, iln dootl'1n Oeorg 00 r d 0 t t ccou o-lt t r boo which 1 ppoe to ba'f'e 0 7 1 Ylt 5 4, o org are d cla. 4 hat h1 r t h Cl 0 1tl G that 1 c rtnJ he di d "1 brot r giv a a l tt r whiOh I ,. olnts to uloid_ or it would. tather dy1ng an old ll n. lle a quite 11 t day b to J t th r 4 edl and thia tra J.c 12, 1B'78 P 5

PAGE 38

le lt1 t n4 ot b e lite, book he appear to a wond rtul 1 c r rguen v.l (It 1e anly t 1r o o1nt out t an 1n eJII't, which r lnda lth h1 brot r d cr1be4 1n of t 1nte c Oeorge oo n 4 t tbe P -tac r wrt. re 1"4 o or a tat r' 4 ath at be ta n prea ing b1 w1 nd not ts. 3 he utbor. ) otbar Fe who 1nte ted hi lt 1n land reto waa Jo S ti C y who d. o trt ut 5 ct1 t t t o a 1n ol 4 him 1n a law uit. A h 9 bishop Oro and I e t 4 tended Oa suco atully. rtbele n1 d t r1gbt ot l$ndlor P trlok ord Pam 11 l.Q to &D7 r nt w ot r dv t Dublin Ir1 oau b8 had not 4 ... lO t o v r. 11 of land form end n to p ak ou. t ag in t 0 1 cl p landlord told h 1 n t t "an lB14 fined nationality" not nougb. "T 11 u w t our 'ntlonalSJ yt a eont1nu 1. a. 3 5. 6. '1. a. 10. 11. 12 Declar t t all .. n in po s 1on .nd 11 be oont1 ed 1 1t t a o4 rat

PAGE 39

purpoe thorou bulloo T right ph.yaioal to 1a o tr Tua c ; t t you 111 t oult1 tionJ t t nd will ot 0 en nd le aa t ooeupat1on. tl r 1ncl1ned to g rd. the t nant ausp.1o1on subtle r of aupphntlng 2 with moral auaa1on. .And o a b 11eYed t t land-ot. b tr01 wit out t1rat atro71ng tlle 3 nt 1n lAn .. He plied o a or p nt t1a tt r la lord tor 1 to ee 11' li t t annot t rld .. ab t t ot t bug th t agl1 1 g1 lat1 alto tber ' pol1t1o 1 b 11 t a t t cont ribut to Ir1 r t 'lo pr ot its appe 1e 0 hi r w1 b v r1oue teoh 1on1 Aa beto h had no nco a , altho h h r w a ao nt tor tb moral ot op 1 a ong th 1ana on th1a UbJeot. A a o1 8 1 2. 3. s. So t r p ot1 th end ot ph. e1cal force through aa 1nat1on 1 cone ed, oa 1nt 1ned o pl t ail n rl an" 1865 Orown w1tn had t title to t ex1 t nc 5 ina lon 0 1n t nlan or an1& t1 l y oppo 4 to 1Ueg 1 klll but John P 4. .--.,......,;;.;;;;;,;;;;.--Oiiiiiiliiiiii-.!a Ir1ah pri l e,ls7e,p .s.

PAGE 40

5 7 voy t 1n 1 tt r to I s. 1 d put n to eat tort It orld., too. not tog t r t k1111ng. ord 1tri_ ala1n b7 h1 2 n nt 1t d d Jo d an ncl. co ne 7 on 11 he4 1n 0 'l'he 0 ala 1ng of Lord and T l:le1'11'7 5 Dublin, 6, 1882 1no1 b l bu.t R ent 1n 1 nt l :u f "Vin 6. ola d -rt1ee4 r art leu r r 1 advoc J j t d rt oon y 1n hie ot 100 p tor :s J and 1 tter t1on1 nt an 1n t1ng 11ght eav-n41 h, OhiJ t s r ta17 to I land, e t UDder-S o t ry, 1n Pboen P l'k, 00 ty kno r1 t1 1 Intu.rt; r n 0 dvoe t pun1 h 7 T1ocould b h d l'-spec bl h y 1878, p.5, orld, Dece r a,

PAGE 41

258 quot t1on o X. c utt 1 a inion hat an 1o 1 w an aot r r d th.it ot t l t 11e n w1 1 p troub t t .-led and The 0 1 t d 1. 2 3 .. ehoot1n l ev1ct1n nt an c .. _. ly 1n tavor ot as l t1on, o a a t 1'1t 1n 1 r w1th1n or out 1 th d ould be used to tb curr t al t 'tr t lt. In 1 "r7 r lat1 b tw n tral d 1 tt r dS..t1nct1 wit t 41t t u 1n Poland and l18h perali 1n Irelan4. e ot ehing would orld,Apr1129,187 ,p.5. d Pol d. Wo:rld., roh .......,........., ....... ......,.......,.........,, PP 139-141.

PAGE 42

( R 3,. i 0 1 lp -1) Pa 1 .) 1n hU wl to be n 1n t 1 1.1 '1 0 uo " 11 tbe 1 l' tmt 1d t npp .. be t a t 14al

PAGE 43

260 0 0 'dno t the poon ola s s re the l 0 1 tl vo at1 0 0 h r :In4l.dtr 1 nil: tl l j 11 0 ptlb lab 1o1 s on 11t1 ld t ct!J H J.e. o 0 h lf .... tor howin up t d de l.ari truo 1 or pol1c 0 opinion 2 s. t1on, o w1 1 t l p 1 n oo t:r 1 1a In o a o 0 tor t r for t now ali (aDd 7 t e4uo t nc1 ou.tt be s 1 g et " 1c would b or o h oountr1 r viTal 7 fw Rca' r 1 ' pro-187'7, P s

PAGE 44

2 1 p allda tor I. .B. ah ld be tlo !bu. 1D. r o a adY1 4 that the writer bould join t aoo1tty 1n atfll1at1on with tbe en1an Broth rhood 1n 1 to And, 1n, h 1fttO e s '!'he s 1rmiah1n lng 1n4e oral ion Although Roes bad no e oourege n tor the ot-al au a1on-1ats, h did not alto t r pud1at the A w1tn bet 1 o no t d en a er o r t Supr 0 ot heae e 1n 11n, at wh1 b paa aed xclu41ng t r ouncu. th Ob'Yio ly, th lana UD4 o1 4 to th policy to 4 adopt. One group 1 by Daly ot L r1ok praot1oed open war. 1. t tbe a or tarr Rae to Sa7, Ir1 h Ho 18'7'7 p. 8. Sk 1 b1 Fund 1 IJtlah or ld Augu t 25, 1 1on, p 18'7

PAGE 45

8 l 11 t hi 0 ob t B '9 0 a tUn lt '? o a 1r 1 G lo_ .A p sa 0 Jo B d o a '1 a. 1 UJ'7 ..
PAGE 46

263 1 or s o d1tor of t includ 4 1n it bee t t p per lled tor -"1 b or n1 t1on 1lh1 Oh WOUld t Dd Rul raa ., pa 8 .--..:;..;;;;;;-.... rep ted th t at t ee ot Ir1 b t 1 l 0 l b gl n t the .-.:;..;;-.-....,...;;.;;:;;;;..,. r 1. r ad1ng -lag, and 3 reread tr Jo 1 t a United R a 1 lik X k 1 oooupled a ddl po 1t1on o tar as Parl1 a4v e cor qu 4 nta tr t d to deYob tb 1r d with plea a 1 lerat ritaln to B1g r, Pow r and Par' ergie 1 to 1 ac 1Y1t1ea. r tr Count7 Down whloh p d1a ed Seaa1on atter aea lon we are tol4 to wait, till the art 18 aiok wai ins. 11111 ba no or tqpoor1t e will join our lot w1th 11'1n"'."'""te, Qunootten ao., and t aoh blao 1ler and liah nl1n1 ters t 'a eant by Ha Rule.& Yet on t an ngl1 0 at bolo Yeat 0 I ria obar w1 h Pen1an1 ; s tay 4 at o bot 1 J.n York &nd old the 9k1rm1 ber" he 1n 4 to atan4 tor P 1 ent, oaaa called on Ir1a n to vote 1. 2. or A t lB, 187?, P 2. s. r 22, 187'7 ,p. 2. Wha t Seo taPy Haa to S ., Iriah orld_. Ho-WllllDer 2', 18'1'7 p. 6 6. Ibid., Deo er 1, 18'77, p.6.

PAGE 47

2 1 th pr1nc1p t 1 4. R t ____ ,lllhm t no oo b tud t om o o-r ol1t1o 1 bel t 0 1' t Pol' 1n b1 o p o1 7 o on_ oon 1'1.bu e4 u ob1o phio 1 t la dltOl' ot t r ppe 4 1n the Sk1l'mithl n ne to-0 lt c nc h1 lltera17 ct1 w1 h hi 0. t Ro ut ala r CD'e be 1 lt an IJ-.11h -...-.. -& Yi 11at, t nd tolkl Ro llk d told w r ooul b1-hl to et __ 1n1 eno in hS.. other t ln Ire __ n a ocntl'ibutar re ndad h1 ot h1a exp4trl. ce 1n ... ...... -' Pri -1 t ir .ra trip t 0 rlng 08 n rds 1nP rl.la D. l. 2 s. s. e. to t 11 hi G 4 t s 41 be t 8 lW attriw aa to S not t N.d a ru1t 7 D17 00 to bi lea tr ocv 1877. p.6. 1 7 1 P P p.6. arch 9 18781 P 6.

PAGE 48

2 5 1a on 1n l '71. He to h be br t with him to A r1c 1D 1865 d o1 ton e "t t bonds 1a 1n d t John 0 an7' na b to 1 .. Sub q tly, o 4e orl d tbe a olio on one ot th ebCil&! 2 pin rin, t sol41 r, h wolt dog t an olt '1' 1n1a nc ah c1pat t ta 1 L "f sOl? a I cu alan arr1 1 rd.t oa R sa pubU lnaUy, w tralt. on tt r tr Jobn 1 oh 1 t d D c ber e, ew York tr Au -t taoetmile ot 874 1n wbieh 1tcbel 5 d n 100 to R a o lp tin no t p oj ct A d1tor ot t r1 1 lo t ah-ing ' ol ot b1 tort 1 eat,. ble tr1but1. tto d a ng COliiiLUIItl.,Catlon ot hl tor10al tle 1 1'1 8, b on OW t pot. 1n Il-1 bia orr 41d not _xt end to t Hc:.e r, tb1 1nt 1' t t d1 1o 1 eleb tlon .fL at. Patrlok' Dla7, tor 1. on. 2. 3 5. r, 187'7, pubU .-d a lett r r 1877, P rld, Octo r 6,1877,p e. r B, 18771 P 6. .,...,_iiilp, tob r 7, 1876, p. 3. pril 20, la7at P e.

PAGE 49

1 0 0 \l 11& s '1 n t n p 1 0 1 1 'ri 1 e ot b tl h del 4 8 1t

PAGE 50

67 1 t t1on an or if ord' rio lon tor 1n 1 11e 1 rt 1n 18'78, j t 1t 8 1on r 1 r ot aUp G tor helr r 1 .,, o ibl Ir hll t 1 ould Ir t u the appea n e ot he I 1a a 8UJ!e a to obro D Sll be d _' let er o t 1. 2 3 6. co n _4 a b7 1e 7 to ole111 11 oral ls'elan4 land 5.

PAGE 51

1nt t 1n ll' det' t on t k rn on 1n r o t t lr1 tonal So ool ot 1 d It tot r. ommanded t t t la deola t t 4 oh tot 0 l dt tteet 70ft t d to r cordial oout-6 1 t 1ntere 1 11 ettort to revt hia otb r 1 -]; t waa1n r tdint 1. 2 3. 5. 1 R d14 Den1 -m1.n4 1t th port June 22, 18'78,p.6. June 22, 18'7s,p.e.

PAGE 52

269 to r D4 o t to ot r oolwan c t to' Ir1 h plao o aa poke or t r 1n t w h h rece1Te and tn 1c en 1ng ott ot Ir1 h p # -tn. I t d an Ir1 h h l14a # per-ted 1n Olu'1at1 t 7 D 'J ao tber 1tl. 1 nda '1 d, in the 01fne'J P1nall7. 1 lt 1a 1n the ehing b1tt l" to teld 1a 1. OlD, OIUa, T a. t t eo 18'17, p. 8.

PAGE 53

pea 1 1 1t oa b1e 0 ,. 1 70 1 1171 1 h to 0 1 -hip w1ll t 11 t cord. o t L d.l. lah 0 ry OU8 11 t ot r P11, 1 diae to t t1e14 1877, p.e. ry ?8, P 6

PAGE 54

n:. Oa 1 0 t th1 I 1 3 o. 0 1n t Yo will b oea 0 1 ., h 118 t ta 1a t 1 r c t, Pa-'1!7 t ,. bolio tan ., h 0 1 tar 1a l 18, 1 '78, p st. Oct. 1.9'1'7. p.6

PAGE 55

72 1ret1on tor & a'br 1ng rel1g1o p Judie t by quot p a g, or t 1ooa l1 t7. en1afti and r1 t to 4e.t Dd ....--lt 3 1ng., h1en41J cl .. Hale or Archb1 bop a o o cona1de rthe j h quot a 1 tt r latt r h a1gn t t I y a ca e t Roa O dtll_ t at ne. 1e 1n. t.ol o bu. h 185'1 ln 1oh the o t re4 1 r1cal ho t111t7 o 6 t o na o 1 -oteot t o.,-on , d1 te poll cle9 1no14 nt na on and 1f n ott; s 1 1n rv ork ral4, 0 41 s 1ng ill 0 Ilteland t?o -le ot nothin. g .9 1. 19, 18'18, p. e. a. ld, s pt. 29,la77,p.6. 8 p.6. 5. r

PAGE 56

1 Upon hJJI re \lJ"D to 01 Art_ _rd, e4 w1th 1n h1-con 2 aGJJmat1on ot 1v111a d rt . The de ot IJ-ieh o 14 l 0 to-_Roa tor Q() to PuD4 bee ao s ro t t t 1 .... ne d to ac t bale a a t ou t wo ot the truateea ot t oalle4 -bllah 1 tter pr 1c1l to \\P t t wou ot rw18 z-ealp. PGI'd t wro llljud 4. t 1t blty put that 1 tt r 1n o the lr1ah orl4 wGUld be and Wind up eilt ir-ely. ba 1 4 that eo tarra 'P y d14 not, conneot1on w1th the A -d' fourth 0-.u&J.,. .. I.KU, 1 the i'Ua 1rmi.a Jo o t tra l t 0 0 Th '"7 4 Jolm

PAGE 57

1n lr.1 h lllt 1n 1 lt t g t 0 lt1c 0 ltu 0 1d b t d 0 lt d 0 d t alao beo I 1 1A 110 4 11. T f1 ' n t o t 1ct. o t 4 j male 0 t att ok 7 to 1al t 1 ,. 1 t 1 of Irl o not n o n t t r b 1 1 ot .-- r v1Y I aubj NIU 0 t V_llo._ both in J 0 v1 t l 1 b7 1t, t 0 p a not I 0 l" 1 at 1n e t alao a le to ao Y aeltt 0 c ont ot Pund. not only 0 been 1J h th nt l ab 11. d:, tb1 with d t -o-rage41 baa 4 n 1n be oa cd 111 r pan 1ble

PAGE 58

7 n, Ir h --h t J Un1t_ 4 11 4 pto-.. .. t'llfol t 1r t 1872. . rt 1on 1n Ir1ah g oono ror 1evs 1 to .. ..-ord' -'1Pfl t b1 tttr I'J)Jii.l p :r l4 h 1i1on ot oh :r e n 1 'tlit w1. In -h1c a y or ell 1n th1 t ... : ot 0 be # O' 111 or t 1r or 11 1oua e le c ll 4 but ""'""'aT!hJ.I a1/ln ,apite en 1 no to b aaaooS..te wlt at er or Bot lo.O 1 1 y1ng J t l "to taro to at le with t e or Iri 1 M '7S, DUl

PAGE 59

276 0 bl Iat1s le s o 1n 187 b. t 7 h p per autbor1t1 n, H 1 J it lt, p t b1 tt -" '' or -ot t 1 1 that o1" p to tbe t t1r t to 1t s a t1r la ; 1 o d!_ ot n le hS. o?S. Oelt1_ A on rt. 1 t 1:1 1pa t Iriah wri: ra ora Illth h!rd e la r cie _.,._ in Dubl1n 4 auT!Imllll' ot P an 0 lie tJn1 # o c t t f'"f o n t a t .. ... -tQ\1' 1n rioe in 18?9 u let 1a 1 ult 1.1 t.1on t ot tbe p t th end 0 J 8 lit t olo al tw tt s 8 0 1 () 0 d POl'd'a h 1 nt nal pO.tl"J erl.7 o .. d a 1 o au t to 1nt hi-

PAGE 61

278 t lt t to .. lOll ta :l op n 1 o a J' 1 m t1 t .. t or ft a' lp t t an 1n pr p 0 t rb7 1no 1n tbe 1 1 ot l 1 t j ot. ' 1 vJ.ol t J. r t 1 0 at n17 0 p lt1o

PAGE 62

8'79 good . But it h1 r Prote t t,. o re t1on t'r'-the Seore. tal."7ah1p 18'78. lr1 'b Wwl4 olo d s.t --ne 1e both R Oat ol1 at 41 ctly tor h1 r.a1g 8h1ng PuDd 1n n p 4 one in wbioh C1barl ,(stewart; P rM 1 waa to pla7 lar r part, w1U b m4 w1U 1 1tS.aant 1 to be lea t -18'70 t 0 1879. dint _pt r. It le atUl o ant. ban 1 4 been

PAGE 63

InC TM 0 r 14' Oru. 1 dltt 11H Il'ih tat t nt1 llJ 0 d h te tot pre t with OUU a w1th wb1oh lh' l'iGU bje will be 1 t 1a VI 18'70 t 0 l87e nt1t t 7 n tlr .. will be ....... ..... l'i k p letelJ' 0 'W1n u so. Le 1n Un1te4 1n b t lt. LM 111 1n pared' 7 tar 1ta 1 Y1tt X.'t'itt D4t s.. 4 will D tJo h11 t t pe 1al COl' to.,. the

PAGE 64

1n DQl t 1 4op 18'76 1. t la It t 1 7 4 180 In &D'J 1nl.7 a t 0 b1 ra41o 1 kl70 I' t t 1 111 10h Jtl' d h 21. 18'73 lt eo t 1nd1 1 oU lon "land w a 1n feY 01 00. I'' H lt 1 ' 1t. 0 ' f ll I" te 0 nd be---nta 1 '0 '17 1D 0 A .S.l 1,, .... .--1 April 201 18'18,p. PP 106-10"1 .,;;;;::;,a;;;;.c;;; ...willllllili..,. p. 1.

PAGE 65

282 1 b t t nd ot t y ar under th1e 1gnature had ealle4 tar "the d1a et bl1 2 orda 4 he H41 rS: 1o ot the ao1 ot the land 14 not P\lbU 4 the ttera co r1 uti In 4 Ir! h pport 4 "ttftntAtlant 1 rly 18'78 b7 argu that '-tor the 11a b 1nYa ion ot land 1n t le nth c tury th -.bad b t;llho 'te or t r nt 1n Ire land i T dJ.t te nt t llea uaec)tbe tt-1b 1 laDda 1n '1'be 11la OWld or e _Oh rlbe I 117 1Y1d 4 t t 11 &0 8 cording th ir took or nt. In 18?8 Fcm! nd Ko 7 e 11 ted a 1 ble reoru1 1n 1 peraon o.t 1 el Da itt with oae "1 be oo1a d de rture 1n rio and r. Pa 1oh 1 to u1te "tbt pbJaloal toroe body ot t or 1 t OT nt tor the purpo ot aa.hi v1ng 4ra t1o od1tloat1on ot the leg 1 code w1 ll r apeot to la r ill lana. Bo r, bet ore oona1d rins his d p tttur it 1 be 11 o ketch D v1 t care r pP1 o to hia Y1 1 t to r1oa 1n 18'18. o 1 Davitt wa bom 1n yo 1n 1846. Both hl tat r, t r tlu tl t n t lead r of a a rian eor t aoo1ety h1a Irlab ape r b1a rl1 t Davit h & P'o11ow1 lt apo1C! he Ga. Uo their v1ct1on D par ta cwe4 t la.Dd 1n 1862 re t lZ, b r 251 18751 p 4. August 1'1, 18'78, p.3. 1an I P 135. ........ ....,.1 PP 1.

PAGE 66

1 4enouno d b7 a 1e In 18 w o t enlan 3 rhoo4. o n1 r nd ln ..,, 18.70, .rr t d 1 to W ring n p al tor t 1ntng lot s ... _..._ ... 1 141< ra still. ld 4 an a,. on 1 '1 f 18"1'7 Y1 pr1 on on 1o t ot arl7 1n 11n with other ., t ter '1 honor, t "1 WI"< ente ained 1 ,. 'u. n4 0' la 8 41 7; Oil ot 1C lea n 41 tun eoup d Pent n prooea 1 t l' Stripe t 10 (a a1bl 1o1p t ) n4 n 1 1t1o ith t IJileh public g 7ellow, whit 17 lo t a "' 1 s 7. 8 e. 10 11. 11 -...t. p. '1. brt.ary 16' 1878. p. 5. t 1r tert 1, ot neNl an 1"4

PAGE 67

.............. 1 t -11 4e 1 ot t ... 1n Ja11. Jo .-a,. ot t:Pi ut 1 1 rl7 1n InA 1c o Je 14 b7 it un14 nt1tt.d :1bly l!ll!r7 ae or .ge, r w at Iriah r1e t t t 4 t a while t reJoloed over tbe 0 1tl s reotn>e L1 a 1n t be title o lah land ba 4 on n. FurthB ore a o nt l tr CalltomS. P""' 9 and onopol7 and o no lr1 pa t1 t had 1ae4 tbe 1o 10 all lrt n a a1nst & lan4. 1 a1 e 1t auld 1 --. ...-e 14 be p t t wlwn Da..-itt r1aa 1n A t, 18'18 h-1. r1o 1 2 ... 5 6. D e 10. A

PAGE 68

ad lo de rtUH in I lah po11t1 Oh, _14 \U'l1te p 1 tha purp ot land r 1 uttS.o nt to ah bow n: u propo al oul4 t to 00 !4 1tS.4 ,.,.,h hie o . lt ot t w 4 rtu 1n 0 en enoe 1n ri t .,. op '1 th b1a phl op 1t1o 117. 1t t lit u, ot l' t 0 rio 1f JI10 apprcw 4 ,. lo 01 O' 11 7 a 1 tlU"'1 4 I 1a (I it ... ot rplaait a er t en1 ohiete d PI a ts .&t t1 Although their Ireland. lr1ah orld, Auguat 17, .,....,....., epte-er 16, 188& P 1.

PAGE 69

IUO n 1 1o 1n ot 0 1D c1 t t pt 1-87 T I 1Ye tlo p a1bl8 1nolu v1 u4 ...... 1 les lnto t1 0 I h 0 1 t t -n or n l to t b7 be to ron t 1r ot el o Ua o.t C p 0 r'1 h1 14 t o 1e 6 U." 18'18, P 2 ,18'78, 1, P 1 9J ct .oiiGI;.--...o;d;;w, p .12 ot

PAGE 70

287 1 long af'tern D v1tt tu d to Ireland. H1 last 1 ctur s 4 11 r d in B ton at h 1Mt1 at1on or John B le O'R illy. D v1tt lat r 1 fh: w h t nd1oal auppo" h1 etl"orta. d 0 Irel 4 he nt aa tully he d t urance thet tho lie B o ton Pilot would on h1a turn to I land Devitt tmt oorus1derabl oontu.1on bout ta ln,g t o 1 ot th aup Ye t 1. s. s told how n. Departure. 1c at t time 3 oil oE the I R nd B. 1 ved the ls 31213.

PAGE 71

v 1'1 1t au .ooo n 1n d t ep 1 P rha 1n Par l a ru. 1 .. n," r1n or t 0 tb1 1 200 1o and t 0 hi t n de itt. d at l e1Y 4 no blio1 Pen1an ot att 11' D cq ot a 1 r t tr ro o ot; r atte. 0 baa1a r ?, 1878, P 5 s. P &13. 0 7 let r Hi.a xt ot in

PAGE 72

e

PAGE 73

n .... "' .... r '11 "It 890 1 D itt ... -.a& .... lar o who 1'1!' ralU t1 luteot h r around t t at IrS. htown, ulto.n, Olar 2 agitation t . orrla anti tport. he laat nblODed t 0 earl7 1n oour tl p lv to b 41apo 0 Le r1b'U e ot 0 Au t. nc:JQg;n ot o e not Fenian bou n4 pOl't, eatport the adv1a hie udieno o "hold a 4 1 no aU 1 - t ton ot th at1. 8 18'7 In a t b t o t an lD"I:ran 1 n whi h 6 I la 1 Pamell lnvltatlo a ocnt r c at 0 Irs. h ot Davitt, tbia new or rr a .... 7. je t in o Ql 0 lp. p h18 btl ln Dubl1n OOto. r 2 ,. 8 Lan Lea t Int orda t1on tre t t al 11t1on or lana and 1 ot lAa B n, n t aur ra; 1 3-

PAGE 74

It only M trio tor at1 1n 1ta 1ne to 0 lo n 11 all_ t011 1880. &o arr1 ot Pa Clan- 11' tOUl' '1 1 P r _pa t 1 ttr t tor X._ I by Jo De at at t ot Fa t t 1 Irla a 1 1 I.e 14 'Ylt tox-t re waa y; 'f"'' lltt 1 onq Uel 01' nuatto 1n A r1 A .. ai'Pt tln4 P 1 70 Par w York J 1; rr aoon after a 8 1 to jo h1a l: 41n wY ,.. 0 P, 1,. 1 p. 77 "' p 20

PAGE 75

te b1 to rl t b1 eppl :s. 0 Tcro o, er. l' 0 le t 1f c ts H .,. p tS.tle c 1 -.. I Ir1 app o, ordlng lto A !,a of t olt wrot to 0 t ba b PI' \l llaa .. 11 s 4 0 Ire 4 p 7 0 h1 b,.ot t1ona1 X.nd t t 1a.-t

PAGE 76

29 ton 0 4 17. t 00 D4 1 17 7. tl1 xn-1 edwl 07 0 i n 1 1tt -ttt1 l h1 ed 0 a 1 })ay '' 0 t in ra41oal 1 to e'lo. a 1. P '13

PAGE 77

0 111 Oathol!o tr D p tl)', 14 \lt t J t OQ .t Y1 t t h1a n1u pl'1 lp t I po r1o 0 otl t a" lnt pal't1 u rl7 at jom' 1, oa 1 1 0 I 0 el r 0 4 ti t t y t ol4 n1cl poll.OJ' 8 ot b t a1 0 1 1 to aid be I.e

PAGE 78

29 by 0 a an 1nst g ted b7 vitt, hi s1 t r, llen Po, 1 to th with Parnell, lp d tot t d1 L dL gu cond!ti 1n lrelud d c to oh 88 t P r D to jail; d 1no r 0 g t fir t-h nd 1nto t1o at wa happenJ.n 01'4 ent n.t7 to United 1 a p o1al eorresp nt or t Th arlou will b t D)ip 1n t tol lo.1ng con 14 ra ion ot h Land !At and H ll1"7 G org In 18'79 had4 his paper by ............... '6 bell 1 ot r t tu In Ja 8 thor" to publt.ah ed to 1nor the ot ttr to te X:..bo artiolee rJ be b an "by ion ot the au propa1 ot1on ot .... ;;,.;iiiiiiiii--. the p t ... patriot, j t 1n t d que t1 1. T orld lar 2. 0 ,J. io Sally Oa s T I:z.1 h 4 tor1e ly d p n highl 1n th r tor it 1 1nt st I -

PAGE 79

day until tot o te r r ding 1 Ino1dentau,., ick 296 y the ocy 1 tou.nded on ot to a 7 t t the cheek t nol I w a orl a 1n l le ter to th prea 1n 1881 o t t w tever tt ot he publication of ......,._... --.iiooiiiiiiiiiiliil d on th d r ot ....,.liiooiOiii., 1t 414 no o'Y r to Ford' propo ed re torms. er1all'1 It told v lllaln1 ot ano her land s nt, and ..-..;;;;...,... ....,...,..1 .. 4 publlahed novel tor the a Tbu it '1 be ld t r d r ot th 1deologioall7 a 1t tor ord oru the lend Le gu that 1t d 1 u trated tor 1n the Irl toot. Iii !ng ... ao11 re pre red, to r-a e o y to ord'a t1tth c 1gn llat 4 th1rty-tbr e montba. or t n ,. .. t o ot th h o 1 d it the lend Leap and during 6 tlat h oolleot d 169 25. 4. Atter t L d Le gu pro'1 mtlgate4 ita o R nt October lB, 1.881, Ford changed oD. R a 18'78, P th1 2. tln 1 d, Our Dublin 3. Ca too, a l tin '1 p. 10. 5. '1. ,.... .. td-.., P pp.218-219. a tor Patriotic Obj eta, Ir1 Da 1tt, o o1t., pp. 335'1. uguet 31, 3, 1881, p. 6. arch 15,

PAGE 80

1. s. e Y1t 'I ot la ; r1tS.ah d 1 1880 a

PAGE 81

ot t .. h1 1 or or 1 turn a t 0 0 D 1ttg 1n Dublln, o d b n o1al t t t r ot rl1 nt d au 4 tor t t'J the Haua true ot 11 ho 0 1 Jl'1 to lA 1 t1o t p t t t 0 .. o do not P ot f 2, 188 0 p d t p:bll 11 d 0 t 1r h dl"e 0 in ]An bill I.nd I.e t l hot 1 J, d 0 0 juat 1 ot 0 rle J. r'1 a ao nt c , p 3 n 4op n. d 1\ 11 tbe t aaurer lt bJ po, t-polio ll:J, t e an4 John ot1o ' Oh

PAGE 82

2 t r re t t .. n Dav1 t 4. rly 1n 1, 4 t bl1ah1 Z.nd 1 Le e ot 1n 1n d in th1 WOJ'k ht 18t ot Y ar n o tea ( 1ter a nt Iqnoh, r ( ot rle w1do ot o ot the t t ot 1 t r o o no l olar d t t ab d n clat t t 1rer ot n1 w 2 t p 111 ebt r, Anna 11. ot Parnell' 11 re o leer ot the Le nt10Ded 1 n Pa 11 ry 0'0 or I ot be t imtnt 4 I a 0 1ac1 he diaor de-0 o1-o not t t , t low, dl no t pol1t1o byktr 1 1ca into oott ra l 4 or tot. '1 aotu 1 llte. Le u. t tor 1 1t 5. 0 0 dta t t.nd wh1 h 1a no w1 hout ai 1t1cano

PAGE 83

eo t r l to ot 1 1 t .. lt 1_-. n " t 1 t J l o t 0 p l. to a onJ u 1, 1 et hin. nte, p 1 t the "I tion aJ.nt ita ell r Lea-ly to 0 d .. it pu-The ter 1en, t 0 .u :ra not to a1 t t p 13'1.

PAGE 84

e r tore wa u ed aga1 t the to depe upon the funds ot t t pport a o rely on A rlca: On Oct r 20, the Irt at1onal Land Lea e ,. a outla d "by 2 the ord. Lteut nt or Irel n4. tl Tbereup_ orld chang d the na otthe nd IAJ gu to the o R nt Pun48 and, to t 41 y or John Boy1 0' eill7, too an ., n or radical at nd s than it d oocup1 d t wlth r rd to t nur Tb r -ault that the latt r, og t r with 1 or con ervative Boaton, 8 n Catholic pport ra, to d o ucu nd ntually plit ott tro Po trial Le of a a otion ot t Ir1ah National and lndua U it Sta ea. 'fb:ua. 1D 18 2, th -rican wing r t Land Le bad bro n into thr ro paa the phy 1 al toroe dvooat whO w bu 1ly trying t a ron ot Jobn Devoy wa "cbaract r1 4 by all t h1 h 1n the warda 5 rigours ot 1n111 ," ppe 1d ration or e. 7. a. on th ho upheld th rad1 6 wide can t 1tuency l t achtng ot r. Ir1 h land question." Po tpon1 8 oirol it a con 7 en1 n and O'Reilly' ay b P 5 ...

PAGE 85

b t P>tto 18 0 b t DC 1&'7 ev 0 2 0 b v. 0 to 1 1"1'1, ben t bou g1tat1on a ct1ona wit o1'4. 1 be 1nt uo d by a sh.orl t tt r o Brltlh lale o1al correapon-org ' dt pe t 8 b COD e of the er, of the ord. t I r 4 11J ott otot opinion letlon t. rl,-.................. .......,..o;;;;;;;;;. to h1 ou po n 1n1 pr 11 4 by "land 6 bit 4. 8 c 1'"8 t t '1 and 1n t in Bia p e1n r ot r at t 1 Clllllllll'lortatlo or t u t r ld r the 1 of a w Yo k Irlall aoas.e r.p r w1tll a 14th

PAGE 86

(D t Yi b IbJ au a t7 S.v a ortl ern.rcta it ur vit ' p et an arre 01"8 t. cotoh l 6 prov 1n 0 1'be t li ni 8 boo I 40. At t rw 0 t BJJ q-uite s 1oba 1 D 't'itt.) hat t -s v noe Ol" .......... _....., ... 4J tor .-..::.= .;;;.o:o;:;.;;;;;. told how co 1 fOl' ol'Cl' 9 t to pubU h to tbl at axer o t w oh 1nduoe4 ord 1ngd tor pl.a t t t 1 nt 1 1 t ce r 4, a. 3 8. 6 7 9

PAGE 87

own into pri on. then 1n to b 1f t city to erre t r. Oeor w lc 0 2 lllnd bf t !441 Lend League 3 audi ncea who " ociat d t na ot 1a 1 D v1tt" with t 0athol1o Arobb op ot eath and t Yo Ir land Sooiety lob d just to b apt t thl po1Dt en t ed an or which o account e 1 ot t en 1 wh1 h it dt pla d tor land t1onal1u 1otu The adYooatea of land nat1onaU&at1cm r n arl all the r ot t Youn Ir land oci t7 h1oh 1a a reto t1ng aocietJ, t bl1ahed a1noe rch,lBBl. The t1rat deb te ot t Dublin You I land s i "' 1n ita a a io ot leat inter, oo n 1ng Ootober lat, waa aa to whet r land t1o llsation or aaant propr1etanr the proper aolut1on ot the X.nd at1on. and at t t tin w ch c a1 t d ot about 1 0 ot the b et-eduo t d d o t intel' 1 n young n ot city, t takins ot a d1v1 ion after t d bat a Jol'it vot d tor land nationallz t1on.6 Tbe nuo leua ot he Y Ir land Soo1 d b e a "Lit rary and ator1oal Society" at the Oathol1o Un1 r lt7. aoope ot th par n oc1 ty d nlaJ'Si after v1tt'a r.ar st 1n bruarr, 1 11 and t ita ina 1 et1n t preaid nt ot t ne or an1at1o bad paid 1led tribute to t phy ic 1 to oe PflM 1 advance nt ot ot t best r 29, 1881, p 4 OY b r 12, 1881, p. 5 1881, p.4. p 5.

PAGE 88

Col p bl l 1n 19 rlbut oo,. t r 1 e rthel a, 1 r c ited un 11 Dvoy ft- laa H w rinit7 1D 1881 0 t 3 pb.o t1at I T a lequ 1 11 r F'ent..n. n1 1/ r'epubli a 1t1on.' t lea .ru 118 t ed to 1 lt la not a 1 t oat lilcely J 1'1 n be Join d oau P 1n h 1a t o a tor o ......,. ..... ......,. ...... l, P 262. uto-

PAGE 89

Ina tall,-, 1t llld Snt or t oa1e ite t vi al ot tor at t t t _G 11o ohool a n t w a publia 4 pape,. t t Ireland Soc1 t l d eat bl1 4 b t y T t Yo rena1a 1 1 h .. 1n tbe 00 BeDrJ G o 1t Oe or otJ ic 1n Pam 11 n to p 1 td.ld be a t "t t t 11 h 1t n he 4 SooletJ o trlbut d to the Oelt1o t 1nt o1zl8 bs-1e1' aooount of ende 4 to a notabl ot elt o 10h I haY -no aa14 noth1n ly hOOk lnS..t ion l"y at r h1a rvlw Zool 1 0 1 1'48 OQ t j 41nt 4 lUl"J 0 I 1le, oop tbe Iris!! YiOPl4 1, Ug\1. t 26.-p 9 J n u. z, 24 J 1881.

PAGE 90

307 1 ......., ....... ,.... ........... iiiiiiiiiiii .. s and or an 1d1 which R a had alre waa to e ta oua. George wrot 1 pas 'Bow 1 ba you peopl lived her 'ft I aak d on ot the our people Y. 11ve4here longer oea1 we are t old p opl 'JOU 1 n ,.r a w IrelandJ where to e 70u people p y him tor 11 H g t the p r tr th polic too atrong tor u. A that 1 all. t onl.7 tar t t George d1 ocw r d. that an oral a 1atr tlon ot the d 1n o arable e t Pltrboz ,. wh1oh antio1 t d t ery th the _..........,. ... rn...., World That criminal pro t t th bu.t tht rag t beO traditional dur. );)at riot to hol'"t, Georg oall-d t llah Gover nt 8 'ro e a lo 1n Ireland rbaroua" a "th r"1 wor t Clove nt t t xieta 6 1n th c1 111z 4 world. :rn Scotland Geor had a oolortul recruit in the p raon or 1. Un t",

PAGE 91

Jo 0 1 0 Dublin o1 nt Oel. 10 o1Y111sa 1 l1lce4 to 1 b t el ot "J a 41v1 e1on ow1n pol ot 1 l ont In 1 nt 0 I' 11 rloua 1 J. 5 J Jit 'Ujl'QC.Cll 1n publlc n4a o b superior o t r od ot a o n 1lt 1 r1i lle or to t d h1gbland r with 0 l 4 or be 0 D8 to t orott ,.. o a a Oa 11o ar oar ot to t wit Irleh 0 lt1 o r t;oo, in o land d n h, 18 615 lt ......,.__. ......,.;,;;;;;,;;;o., Ju y ,. la8a.p.lo.

PAGE 92

te at W 1ll ot S WI In 1933 o en b 0 r1e, d 0 0 brh!llaD 1 a n 1nt 1 -o r Pol1 1 1 1n f 17 xp nt d 7

PAGE 93

310 t 1 point a br1 t lg s1c.it b t s debt to rica b pe tt d altho h tp}le ou'bj c 4 ono aph. W t , -r P tlr t ot hia a epar t l.DllWillerabl 1 t t r to p r oco ion 4 b t v1e1 or -ood7 and s nkey, 1 rev1val1 ta, to blin 1n 187 a ot r oo aa1:o roue d the ir ot Jo lat r nch na 1 One the pet t ou o o 1n peopl 1 P noh. This theory ba. a a d l t1n-rnard 8ba o once onor 4 the oooaaio t wh1oh I don't r e o 11, 1n d b n tor t a cler 1n Ir1 b land ottlo and had nev r t the n r. Shaw 1e a gr at tta a d an unuS:l! lly olev r but 1a not an uthori t Ir1 n a.s In ano d Nad tollow .1 ouldb .1o appeare 1n tb 1 to know 11' orlda ulder the .-z h ot th b ttle bet t lr ed t T1 t laborer an to know w t Fund. att D 1oh oted o n n mo c 11 1. 2 3 t ly our ring t en the Por th1s, coura 1 tb t D ou lao b ot1on Skl 1a ot th ouliar in t t play, but vl nc ot 1 b olt 41

PAGE 94

3 P1nall.7, r tur ng to tter dat d DeSingle Tax r 1n mber 19
PAGE 95

312 Pam op1n1o t a At about 11. Oft tbe b 1 d nt or Ir1eh epubl1o, ha tall "lnt ln t ar be unit d t1onal a a b 1 6 Land Le gue while titter nc a bet nDa 1tt an4 t 0 lected Preai-2 3 0 ap t. Deavitt 4 1ed 4 ill de ot nry orge and later 1 h Pa 11 o tor the lr1ah tor the aupp <1 Ir1sh National 6 n17 Georg bad turned to A r1oa. tore 7 Pwld ot r 7 r had elad, Pord had atop d h1 oRent Ir nd had ben top d b7 Du.bl Oa t T p 11 a d D v1t can o o xtent b att Rn Geo InJ 1 82, Geor e had v1tten to o 1tt d bee e a 1n I 1a t n Pa J wrot to aay that De.v1tt d erlouely to det nd b lt h t of captured b enry Geor g d n by the lr1eh char 9 orld. .. 1ng 1n 1 83 or return d to arr1Yal by D vltt 1 !2n Her ld, p. 382. 1 1882, P 2. "' .10.

PAGE 96

0 lle p 11\ April, bl1n ,.-1. I Yi 0 ric_ Be '1 t y. t 1 Davitt n 0 1 1 n4t .. 1n1 ez-00 oh
PAGE 97

1 tn 1-ch In J--o o r d tb g rm ot t G ell I..e e. Ford r ao cordial t la r pr rt1ole w h p opbe an 1ah r na1aan_ tor 1fh1oh Oeor h part1 lly o p t ti.Joat rU"t Inv1nc1b1ea ter1a ot ou.r w 1f h 1t S.. PREE 1 or the tor dgee ot ac i on a 41 t d by 0 lected 81000 tor HE .. ext nuat -d by ........,.....,. wbioh colott o viet Ino1d to Pto tor t d t& ot to provi for 1ly, Irlll r1oan, d pend nta 4,615.'78 5 1 o klll he biet int'o r a 1n t t 6 1no1bl mn th*y re rou t to t tal. inA r1tt f 188 .. t 1n 1 85 1t o ge a a t d 1n l1'e lan4 :o ord taTore4 h h t rift a Georg tr< N r. '1' comp1 te 1882, P 6 10, 1883 P 6 b r 29, p 12. r 13, 1983, p. 1

PAGE 98

ln 1887 tu to w th Geo t or11 in 1 ndl w1 h vS.ttJ 111tJ' t ..... -:a.-....a to h 0 t u t ut hr rly a v1tt 1 n FP ol c 1 t t p t r' 1 pu e with the au-1 0 114 tly at 1n reso 1 'or it 7 n ben rlod ot p oon y, P tx-1 k t h 1n0 r t 600 t1 md lohael 1t1o all Da ltt 4 :t .... t Octo r aa, 132-133.

PAGE 99

Sl8 In 18'78 JQlul DeTOJ, he Clan-1 and Ir1ah World, t Bo ton .P1l.ot, propoaed a ew Departu or plQ' teal t o uld un1t 1n a atl'\lggle to r v1a th ay em ot land te lnlrla 0 11 ot tb I.R.B. waa not n .ua1utS.O abc:alt propo 1t1onJ :t "a working a nt a Iriab-rio n and bera ot the Irlah argan11 t1 wer all d to a part 1n t new 1tat1on. ot ou atand1.ng IMI!Ilt>er ot tbe oral au 1ou1 1 bo ,.. ol1c1t d In Dublln pat tlo to the 21 18'79, 1aQa1 a alao LaD4 League wa to 4 w1th P 11 1t p llt. It a 1n t-11t7 t or-gan1& d a ion w Departure. arnell 41atel.J t 1 t oe 1 or tun4 and or a rall 1 or nu i rS.Oa In 1880 nt to t United States to re dy tbeae 4ete '' soon after waa je)ine by b1a aeoretal"'J, '1' l l ot d 60,000 pounda ult ot r1p, Parnell col ere d the h-1ab at1on 1 aid Indu Davitt trial Lea ot t United Sta ot wh1oh 1o l/beo eore tarr. Be ala o aoqu1 t olut1ona17 Olan BOJle O'Re1ll.J a hia R t1ve 1n both '1' L d Lea e P trio :ro 'a Iriah .................. reputation ot beitl n aooomplio of ot be t ot t t J obll Oat ollo circle ot tr1 Dda e acne! the a oc1at1on 1oh Parnell e tabliahed lnlaao. Re der ot en 1d ol 1oally 18'7 t a oa to ra1 e by th pub 11 t1on r1a ot C rl J. K1o

PAGE 100

317 111 o r o t 1 ........... lo"U ted. ln the 1&1 r. ParDe l.atteJ' o l ln 1880 t Stat t both ot lob -ot the Irl ot a ional 4 ett'orta b7 1o 1 itt. J.IW'IK\.11'11:11' held a ta 1 v1t. to I l, d a or t Davitt u hill 0 u 10 l 1 part to aaa1a d diea' rt to Ir1 h 1ato 1 1 d1 it 1d nt 117, t In 1as1. n ot :r Undaunt 1.ta t th1a Unit po bera ot 0 oJAl wb1oh nry G or e ha h tol' tirat 1 d, Dav1 t On ot tl.Joat ' o 1 ot X. the o l 1o t on a acta tot th ., .. poor. la nee 7 bora clu 1 1t found ln- r 111 o 1 John Dillon and nt to prison t Lo. L1 t ht. tr D nt" ant t tr1k 0 0 ot t to n 1o1 t ttle4 1n Yor 1880, -

PAGE 101

_,.,....tel7 a t J nu y, l.SBl, ..-..;;; ..... -......;iooiiiiiiii> cheap 1t1cm or p ... t ,-an to P rhap 1 t d c ton to D4 or In la:rl,-by bl Led,. a1 1 o nt tb1 ect101l lr1 pub l1o df ira. t 1t br au: a lnt a 1n aDd. oot 1a 1 h 1ntlu Pard 1n h1a ent. ............ pa 1 -' aatoo1a cl w1 _ooletJ a d. 8001 ,.. c l 1 a a 1 er ate J In Dougha e, .a. t T Rolle a 1n 1t. A t t 8 1 t,-> n s tl.rat vteit 4 J t en nNM4H1 all" ad Ina a the cU.ea Dd ........ ... port a ena Soot 4 by l1 le .......... .... vt 11 ' Jo tb eina 1a ,, Geor ma d Shaw 0 nt a1 t Irl _de t uo. 1 uer1 11 1 aDd, pr u t1 soo 1et7 Clear e o be v w t 1 a r1e lr nt Oeltl. o tio u t1 an4 ONl lat 1933 t 4 or lite." Th1 h r, not he 1 1nt r rt10ular 7 1n 11'1eh - w to dlaplay 1n the United Statea, r1oan p n u uoh O lan-na..O. 1 am

PAGE 102

Dublin. WS.h j 1 rpl'J dh or aP. 00 ll1 l 0 't1 (Je -t4r oot 0 .. lMltnMI h11 ps-ucm Davit ban At Aft--lA .. ' t on 0 ot )., c!l 1n 1

PAGE 103

OBAPftll VII ImiA ITE AND THB 0 IJriC RENAmSAHOB The laat o oove .r1ng tha years tr 19'19 to l882,waa pred 1nantly political conomic ln In th present o pt r t subject will T period tr llea ttrea. t 4 but 1th more being allotted to the latt r. Parn ll's assoo1at1on with th1 pbaae ot Ir1ah rio n h1ato it will be noted, waa noi;bearly a ol e hia oo ot1o with the land agit t1on. The it of the attaok and ita 1n 186S wban t Brot c plet "A So pat1 nt Oan blaat 1 will 1Y1d into a 1acuaa1on It 1nap1r tl o n be tra d Fenian ro h rhood at Ohio go 1 dopt d aa our ni w a 2 lr1ah Jl111tia" b7 h Daviau and. powd r ook, p1re like a rook. s Then there w tbe Olerken 11 Rxplo ton ot 186'7 and the Sld.rmi bing Pund ot .Irish Wor 320

PAGE 104

d no "' ar 1a t l b A br es, 2, ot be ld 1a 21 oh t 7 t 11 0 1n April with-n aPJ Ola g t on 1, p l

PAGE 105

all l 1on Jan. 2,, Bxploe1 J 2 apl 1 rl1 0 ot r OJ.-t 1 H t1 p ot ool c s. H no t ol OhuJ:', 1 1ah guat, 1881, 'aD. London. 0 art 0 to tw P -r1 Pord atd the a a ott two, let d. 1th t old 0 ai% t a t t ord' tr t or t fir t 1: --

PAGE 106

1 int t l Ole 0 lla r, C) pol1o1ee ot de 1 algned eta r 'nd ' at 1 1n .. b. :t 1n ltn 41... pnox p oil&. P 6. 0 ld. J .11\l. 17

PAGE 107

In J n u 18 in o t bin o nix q entl y t 1 put to d p ort d t 1n o f n v a ot ot 1n 1 ':D. 1 old Sk abov not r l tter or nt.aa 101l con nt1 t, 1 l. 0 2 vlnc1bl 1 1n, .. On y 0 0 c 1 ou.t at tir e erlcan d 1n t ct 1 1t 1 e 1nd1C t e 4 the t ld, t 11 7 t tta Chic o r thla bad lAbor. n Jolm lleYoy aDd .v. P t be Kn hta ot a a la r, at ano bar 0011 e nt1o n or t Clan 1, it waa ao p nded tor 4 ..... .... Will s e. rr. a. ,ooo 7 a1. e 1881. ren l:U1 ex 1B84, Oork 1n 188"7 and 7 B4, 18 p 5.

PAGE 108

' 1D 0 .A 18 1n t te t1 J JO 0 0 ga 3 0 D ortly o -ct l l, _r n 0 a 't'lYal of t Ol.m na t p J'7 w-a.l!llftl'lfted lata r act 't'1 1e ot .z. '1 lta Dllnllber ot 9, pl t tr1eD4 .ro t r1ne 4 rot f'ao1 l l 0 0 pla1n t h he ha4 en 1 .;;;:;..-,:;.;;; .;,;;j-..-.--.1 PP 210-212 1 27Pf 210-214. p.454. pp. S97-

PAGE 109

32 R !Ult!!! l h d Ir1 h 1n a curious book b,-R to he ca rt Louis teVi naon a t;e at-1n41cat 4 1 c! h1 wit wh1 h 3 41 at 0 t 0 011 n, 1>Jn!!. t L1k w1 Y oU at toh th d7D 1ta -roue 4 1n t 11 of a boy 'hro o on t ngli h r a 1 to it attaak o 1t1 4J en t ac u oDono..-an o a and t pun1ah-nt 1ntl1ot 4 upon uo convtct J. Cl.ar 0 l oy t o lend.. 0 t to an 1n H r 1 a. s. 6 to a 1nate 1. 188-5s Jo ph Cho t r ba adoJt n wb.o a adJ insane, "a nt 6 t ... o n t qui tly rel 4 1ah tolklor .P tr1ok Pear, 258 320 -321.

PAGE 110

1 0 ld ab volv pr1eon-unopp a nd Jo 1. .. t "' OurredJ J I 1 r1o 11 h r tlw .rl 11\ '18 1Mr ot ,. 8 1D 1880 p.l9l. o1.2. PP 15-17.

PAGE 111

32 and 0 n. n t1 1n Daly d 1 Pu t re oerta It App 1 CI!lOJ!! d tor 1884 ZJtiah rea ot the lriah-r plt t v1 1D 2 3. s. two-to jail al ot p "1 1nt or an o f l" ae p e d 8 t In 18 1. ca ted 1n Unit St te 1 ide a I ... 00 u t tera 17: ri.c 1t at tao u. the ria cone rned, t to a u. after th apllt ta

PAGE 112

sty oo1at1on l for th Ir1ah 1n l' bitt r en -y, ola 4 that be 2 1nst ntal 1n n r a 1n 1892 and D ly' 1n 3 1898. Bu Clarke' los pber llae g1 n mor ocn 1no1ng reaaan for the latter's pardon: r-1ok ga 'fe tor P rl ntJ In 1897 o Parnell party r wed 1r plea ror 5 6 t7 1n Parl111211tm Clark r leae 4 1n 1898. Sooo atter he waa d b ok t;o Irel&nds l. s. 3 5 pt1on tor biai o ther oW -'s ( bl1n) '98 Club s Dal

PAGE 113

In. S.t t1cm ot h b7 the 0011'1 iota, the ona1 _ble d1t n1 tot exploa1v 1 -llh1n 1a 1n e4, 0 he nt 1ona at 1nt h1a ho t1 rter o 1'7' the "th t dl t 4 wit 0 tor r c1 4 o r .pudiate 1 ... 1 d 1' PP 88 0 1 lnst I "'t t tea obj ln 18'7'11 7 ct, n4 al or pol1t1-0 a 1n ae B ... 8 1n41 .. rn1n 4

PAGE 114

hou lr b l&ndlo onv t1 ( 17 el t and t 11 poe L1 oc1at1on ..,_ lt leade'P z. Ud 1 p 33 This n c es1tat d t t b a t n4 a 0 b t t 0 ot 1 1) 1n t Dited s at H ent to h1 tr1ent 1 r o W114e, the h

PAGE 115

bltU u C tho11. OlBU'ob. till t r 001" 338 vt J'1 t n 1n t1 1 t c1 I 1 J 1'1 1 publ1o op1D.1 part to r1oan wrl r 1n dJ aD4 b1a oo o 11111 ra an4 j ldlo to ot he R l4 0 t t r h1nA ri lrleh ft1e t re re u rites ot 1n rl Oa in 1 11 a ol'dere t 1 b 1e Yet t o thol1o o1r
PAGE 116

to 1n r toll wrl r J t b7 d Oatbollo I 1 d on hl7 ) 1 1873' ...... iiiiiiiiiiiloiiiiiiiii-..... ;;;;;,;a b7 Fa ber tt w 11 .J., 0 t tbollO 1onal1et 0 .. I' '1 Ola ( l' 0 ) ra1 to t t Pa 11 &1n outset 18'7,, t 4 '1 llat 7 At 0 dloo 1 -J ut t t 40'7 .. 9-6. ....... 1e t ) J anua 18,

PAGE 117

r n ntl}' an4 .z. publ n Ino14 1 11 1 - I ... 10. t l 1t t; 10 Jbn 1tc l 1874, 0 t' t a 1 1 1n ot d r or he til nt t I' t la t 1' 0 11 I i 11ah g t ont1nue4 a 1 th 18'75. m s on " a. Irwln o COI.ltt J I' J. -t 0 o k In1 o b. 18'7'1ipp.55 18h Month 'l' _.......,iiiiiiiiiii .. PP 123-12' ......,........., ........ J -P 122

PAGE 118

3 repl1 d, and ven ctually co tin d t a tlood1ng u with. It I could afford u1t ble publia r I w ld re-print a tlclea I wrote last ,ear 1n pamphlet to the t1tl -p . So I ppoa e I mu 1;baY 1m1gh errant ln o olti but it 1 ally b lle t r i 4r gon abro 4.1 rr1ble tuft it 1t an4 ooold find ot tho e arw1th name on rrq thin ot th Clllly wh n I ot ot r peth1sere with pbJloa1 tore who contr1 0 lle t 18'13 t In
PAGE 119

.\h 0 1 18J t1n p d t 11o 1 2 3 0 # p 1 I 0 t 1 y t 1 1 p r1 t at r lalu to r Hll 1 to 8'7. l. pp l0-111 f!'l.

PAGE 120

'7 o 1 1 lon to

PAGE 121

it t-cudd 1 a. 7. J dJQ7 1ft 4 J.n t '1 41ed hl' t or 2 3 not "171ft .. la t1 :rl t 1 1n eo .D. Jo)'Oe 1 ltio __ ;.i,;Oii;i_, w1 --n 1n end 6 7 A-, 4Uect1o tcr t 1 D 1e h 1at1 terial a ilQportant h1Pd lo And the 11-y be oonp t ., :5, 1877, -

PAGE 122

nl bri 1 r Xn t 1 lt 0 1 latlo v 0 o 11.17'. 1870 r1 U1ant manner Ae l 'b1 t t ot lmntere and ting. r, alo, 1t dearer to to atore t tt# an inatant on11ec1 1n J n o whio oordi D Jo -22 at, p PP 7 -1 a. Atta

PAGE 123

0 1 l u 'If 1 a 1D h1 187 18 h1 1 18?6, 0 ' let 41 Oa boll In o Uh J p i oa, p.-'b r1o 0 0 r 4. publia b he 1 .......... _u Ph1111 11 Pins, pe, tar ,. of t 0 0 n ln ON rot ...

PAGE 124

1 1 r tt r w b t R 0 t lio A to J 111 .. b7 0 t1al 11 t 1n r1 Ill h1 ne p 1 1 O t o11}' ot R to I bandon b1 ta1 h 1a 41cat d, he N provo d t t it yJ.de uot o 1 'a tr,._n4, Oba 1 D v1 '1 er w, 0 :s d lt 0 p81l'tU n t 1117 dl. 4 b ba S.lot. 1 d14 not total 41 in & League, , 80 t 1tat1 t ot 1 to!' 1 1o 1n t 11 lc: or 4 by to a t 1 ao u p cw1n 1 lon and t ot 1no1 1ng 1 lo of or a t 9 '1. 9. ORllly 41ed bl 1890, ry 12. 187 P 5. *' P 159. t 0 r 3,. p 10. .. p 206. 8

PAGE 125

342 juat bet -the Pam 1 party w a aplit by lntel'IUil 41 aene1 A lat rob 17, 18901 d re1t r t h1e b 11 t ln t leader 1p Parnell; but 1t la S4le to 1peoulate whether 2 would v alleged h1 alleg1 oe an r t ap11 teD' 41 oua f1tt1n to canol d 1t '1 r a about O'Re1lly a d Ja,roe by e t or t ev14enoe oL th 1 e1t1ng Ol1v r eatee 1n hioh t ld by th 1r E land oont mpo riea1 Ireland haa e m r beat poet to Bo t md 1t le not tor to ed4le wl'h her harp 11 1t 1 1 with s t atft:l.n .Jo7o an oR 17. Pllot In aplt ot th 11 1o a nat ot t B01J on Pilot a co 14 rable otmt oular terial appear_ d s.n it gea '1'h1a, ot ooura y b att 1b ed O O R 1117 o a a n or e Spos;t 4S..played aY1 n app!' o1at1 oo ot ox ot t book" told ot 1 t Ir1ah Atblet1o Ga. and e pone," a ubjeot 11h1oh .. rei e 1oana a b t wh1oh appeared 1n the Pilot 5 arl 18'79. Aa another e le, 1t y be 6 t t, l1ke Patrlok Pore!, oR lll7 w a an outap oint d out n toe of' tl OY ber,

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1 a 11on o ta by t1 r to R ol tl tt ta 0 fnlp port t 0 l D la to o 11 ' n e4 1 t

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1 s 3 011 1 o Uat 1' u o D I ls'e .. t 1ah engl1 4 Irish 1 to I lO

PAGE 128

JllO de ttret pu.lae-tlutuertn " o.t the Ir1ab o that Bo c1n publ1oa lo ot oB 1111 hl etart t 3 p\U'oha t t pap 4 oe 1n r1od1cal diapla7 1n t e tro -vt 1 ot 8 0 1ven latt r bad t>onah r 1canI h Ce holio r1od1 111 t1rt ap pe red 1D J langu e 'l."'f. 18'7 an-4 11 n a .apeot ta 1n ere t 1n th tt pol1t1 al t:lon 1n 7 also; b. 1882, 1t repu41ate4 P and the I.t-1 h orl4 o un1at1c equently att pt 4 o retut te rt Par 11 w Yor '7.

PAGE 129

lnl ;a 1

PAGE 130

'7 1 ft. at 410 t t p two lela Int 1 1 Sout ro 1e lnt t la rle Irtah au -d of 19 lt bl1o 1 dt 'l.D. 1 ; 1oh ln 4. 1 lria na ot 1o 1 t

PAGE 131

I .. a 1 4 ro -_]ais D erne 11 n o win. .or loal toroe diat d 1nP 1 1n t ;re w J tp_n, tev 1 it 4 1 401 ot po 1t1 1 t.D4 rn o 0 t two oh 1,....... ah col oh 1 1, John ot 71'1 P l-iaS.. 1 1ah Ye 1n n ar t tol owg el b11Up 'b t; d A 1n, h 41.7 eooow:lt by P 1U 1 2 s 1:

PAGE 132

M9 1 A lit r7 1n en aocount or tbe I 1a Parl1 thor or th1 to c 1der 4 the o lt1o I t.. c11t llt o l 4 ac:mtr1but1on o Donahoe' co ri.bu 0 ot ... 1ndicat 1 1nt 11, oaton j ........... ot onl 1d: to trbt purpo plo;. 1 vehiol t tt r lie pa t 1a 1 t nl 1" 1n 0 ll abo4J t t Iriah language. 4 '1'. 0' 111 t1r t JJISUJ ot ntlJ tor una 1tie aona all e t o 1n Gaello, but be lao sing h1a riot1 w1 h 1nt r. t 1n ,.._ z .lne. Art1cl a' 1n 18'19, PP 127 -..::;;o;o,;::;;;;;;o,;;,;;;-..;. J 1 1879,

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0 viving th lriJih x.n I lo work1n atate4 h1 op 1cO an land r t t rtval or the Irish I 11 not 11 t 4 to he lt ott 1 h Languag re .....,. ..... --....-. but to they it th 11 ot 1t b,. t 1n a&U. 1on to publi h t Iriah al o to pr 1at1o h aought Statq ...,........,.....,.. .... r icta At t po it a t the 1tatu or t t to ay t w word n 1n rioa o au e the re-v1Vi 1 ot t ........,.....,.... lilt 4 to oeat t t 1 t 1n1t1at 4 the renaia-6 110 d 1n 188' it tnt 4 a lett r to lio Dep-..... "'- T 0 11. t.n4 and u.1'41!1o'" .. 1880, pp. o. 11, Tbe Irl h to r, 1 7 pp. S51 "li r T 1 1 ot A gut, lSBO, pp 143-166. 110 5. Se p.

PAGE 134

361 that tt. 0 1oh 4 be n s nt to it b 1e J'l Ino1 ntaU.,., t otat1on 0 h1ch publ18b by ON 1 lar p 'bl1oat1o b s lto ot Ir1ah Broo l,.n h1lo.Oelt1e r 1n to in the oYe 1 a tlxoa l1o Un1o 1t t1on besun by......,.........,._......,.........,. b toll Soc1etr tor t tlon ot t oh .ot 111 a a O:Nt: 'r'T A brl t o r u aell'a t1Y1 1e 1977 b1 ont i ut1o a t ot h1 ett a o r vl t b s 4 c oro a 1 t roclt ced to 1'1 wrote OLY I Yol 1, o l, y l. el.l 1n Lcm4on bro r that MY LIPB"t 11 12, 1884 1881. ov b r, 1882.

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11 count ita or 1n. d 1n t D ot 1. a. s ita 0 .o ell 0 a 0 t 1 .. 1'-. 1 1t o, the toll I 0 1'8 non P.P., 6 14 o Yol.. 11 PP 61 -8.

PAGE 136

353 m t1ng eal7 1a not -ortant b t h1 pl'ea no 1n R w York on roh 41, 1879 1a. or t that t ln. tbe 0 aD.7 ot o tDonOYan a Ja s pbiltn I a tillg at Cooper Union hloh had ae. J.e4 o o01111:um-or t cen Da!'J' ot the birth ot Robert t Ria peecb. 1 the ore re l"kabl becau e on The ..... In th t1 1pat c1 laa Hy ea1tJ tor De 11o1s1 11 a or t ou orat1 1 r thi:rt.een '1 (1879) Bu aell' a oontr1but1ona t Donahoe' a s z1n beg_ Appa n tl1 et la r 4a e Ruaa 11 u 11 d with ord. per p o r ter1 r to 0 u 1n 1 tt I' tro Bo ton t 0 the ......,.......,..h worr 14 1n 1882 he ppea d 0 ol'd tor t oa 11o 1o.n with t toll ins r r b ob -t1-a "Aa ou .--"" ,._. tm lett t-"'- .. ...... 11 ., ""J _ er, V7 .u.a e a d to t 1t publia 4 tau will not tua T q t t ev r hi r latlon 2 :5. Se P 9 4 T o. R a ell, An Ap al tr the Gaelic Union to tbe Irish Peopl of eric_ Iri_-sh WOJ:ld, rch 11, 1882 P 10.

PAGE 137

with Po v b with oD him ti t to 1 on April 1o. 188S. it would e tor aoool'd to the G 11o 1 h. t rta1 t lat r 1n d tr1 ndly r, Ru a 11 old at Ste 1n .. y 11" O.odal t aot1'fit1e ot oai t1aa 1n e York and Bosto tor the PQrp r vlv t ent1 1n 1882, n Davitt aited 2 ot Jolm Boyl o B 11111 t t r Soo 1e ty or t oitya lr1 h langu ge de a r r1 a at the invitation lc to Boston by the a r. Davitt re d at n 1 dl,-obeer d. n quiet waa rea to d P .J. o Daly, cord a ret J:7 ot t Phil -o lt1o Soot t r introduo and 1n a olea!' vole 4 an a4dr ot leo 1n t Ir1 h langu. ge r. Da t p in Iri s Inl Ph11o-C lt1o Soc1etJ when it t 1rre up to 1nv t 1g e t ext t 4 A rio 1 P HILO-OBDriO SOO Y ot t Unit 4 State v r iou aoc1et1 e t t rope at1on of tbe Pre 14 nt r ad oat1on 1n W a the a nd addr tor t t\ld ot t uc h a ohoola. Th1 1 t1on a not de ot Iriah langu ge 1n t 0 try T OODIIIWll.O 1. o D 2. s s 3. vitt Bo t 4.. o tou, Ir1ah ..,_.;;,; ........ 1 t atudy of t 1nt o p1"1 nt Ir1ah la ge1n tbe attention which t P '1.

PAGE 139

0 lt1 t agltat o t p g e t1 t latter t fuller r1 n J OUJIIl& 11 t n l lr1 Land A ltatlon al1at ho r wn to land I dJN a r eult of t 1 1 atlon, 'H oetv c1 oona1derbl tten 1o Anot r r1o n ho "1 be aaeoo1at d with t w ... y t ot .tl'n411li !l r tabU d oalled t r Jt.l pa. p dltor an4 riet. e coria I uh pea nt. In l rture Red th. Redpath l d a apeo1al ool' pQb1 1 o lt or to baequentl 1 6 1 h 0 -. t o 1 ib r 6 ( Pet role V. aabJ"') Looke t r 1 te a nt be IrS. o n with de t 1n in o s;e v t 1. e s s 7. power to think, 'o ao .nd to 10t, co 11 n x1 1 n oh o 1 t a o !no d1ble that ln-a18t d o1ng ov r and 1ng how 1t done. 7

PAGE 140

14 le7, t 0 p 414 r ,.. Yet ot A be ot Pa u ,-rt,., t o upp t t. h1. 1n hie 1 rlo prot 1 1'1 n lo t 1r 0 ver 1 dVl t 1. 0 r1o n Ol'let til 189 ret ore Jbe rlca u 0 it 4 Ire n4 Har l.d oo or, 2 lt 1a thle pr -1 t;at1 ,.. a.rtbe p 4 _t.athe J.cms. 1oM1nu J-.....' ..... -l1atl 'Who vlat. e4 le wae W1111 1 1. 1, P 7. pp -a 1. 1. P x111.

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" 1 0 t j a. rio rrrt t at aub-U71 R :d.x-1. d

PAGE 142

Curt1n _ a en ell cr1 d D la' 1(1 ' _ d1at p -deoe-*" 1n th& oolleot;lon t It-1 h tolkl-and a been ner 1 oualy pr 1 d b u..a..l.lilllll_,..lt. s 1n Curt a1n 1t would played a p J-t 1n the Oelt1o na1aa.aoe, a eurYeJ ot h1.il work on I 1a or t t t 1' 7 waa1nl8'7w 4b ltaoht 1t1 ])a t1r t, to oo 1 otecS f o or tr t peopl .ln l8 0 ty ale un4eS' 92 .. o col ot re o Irolcd tol lG d1t1 4 ult ru ., be Sunda7 1at1on Curbln b7 s BJ'4 ht h 1890, o ee 700 glv faot, Ourt a ve tor hla 1t Alt're4 u't t a t 24, noh to the w Island. The ....-v,., uvr 1 1 p 25 PP 79

PAGE 143

ill p k. 18 p t n or 1tl Ia 1 0 ch, tor tr1n 1o 1ft 0 b u ot lay' to w .......... tlon ot 1 11 lo la er 1 .. t1 1n h -

PAGE 144

ratetul to ua, as uropean t 1n our hUtoey or zed 1n uoha t t 1. I alao l t which Iou we 1nd t ago. rp on gl'tlt1t1e by t ae aent taa A or ap u d which result d in tbl de41o t1on o b1m or r. 111 1Poeta end P t17 of Ir land' 1n daa To S1r s 1 erguaon; w a 4 ao oh by 1ua to orn, 7 1 amlng to lllu t te, the i trr bela t hla Yol la & 41o t .. ration t r Pel' eon, the la-tlan betwe n t latter 111 ia p 1"t 1 ular 1nt at ergu.a 1.111a 1n leot to T p Ont ot r band, (l M) an4 on at laat two occa 1 9 be (18'72). s Y ata, Will:t.a I part1C1l larly app olatect t o lo nt 1n aon1a lAatt r b a 1 h 1t ta1th1'ulne tot one md Obara t r, its akllt'Ul pro
PAGE 145

U:_ t 4 a. laa 1. e, P e77 t 1t1ca fd 1r Sa au L-. l I P 820

PAGE 146

wor 363 l.lol copyright ,. u 1nt d t In tte Introduot1m referd to, W1lllama ono aga1n praled rgu on tor rev1v 0 ltic p t17s rd o be o ract r 0 t peopl ot 1n 1t -a wort Finally, 1n 1894, W1111 it Nt d tor the last t 1me h1a praise of Perguaon as a 1 ad r 1n the 0 ltlo na1 .ancea he to th1a 111 1n Irel d 1n 1887, Katharin Tplan o writ tor tbe Provideno wr11 pro tor tber rio an 1n-d oc:m al1nea and pa r 5 B. y to ha c. contributor to the Prov1denoe paper 1 he a 7ba 317-319

PAGE 147

t 1 1 111 Snt Ul

PAGE 148

365 1n llougl H-,4 t S.t 1ng tor 1111 t pa r t Boston Pilot t t Borao tlutt r1 of t Ir1eh 0 d1 00 l d oont rlbut ton to illS. t paper and on p Ot t t irs t long art1o le mco appo r, t1r t 1n J; eotor or folk: ... Ir1ah Polk s ne ot t R ,.nol4S' point 4 out 1n ' proae t latl I 1n4 bt dDe not c1 an pe t 4181 ot tor U ftJ!'J purpo a, and and Yeat ona ot r be Clfl h1m t l. p. , 2 H yno 4. o oit., PP 10-11. 3. s e p 1 fte'Yl\0 J.d t !E, 1 t 1 pp e 17 t t1r t pul .. yno. de r! d "three lon art1olea wrot 1 ae fir t to u t ge due t pion er."

PAGE 149

1lk

PAGE 150

3 7 1 orth rlc n Ind.1an tJ-1be. BetO're oonolud1ng t a re rk J ou:mal, a word bould b tow rd p11J-e1oal force. 14 about it d1tor'a attitude ba tev: r 1ew on the ua of dyne it y v be n, they are not re dlly available J but t1 1 v1d noe t t thod ot the In tnclbl 1 friend, lr 8 l erguaon, lo t d the Lend gue, an4 'trl'ote two poe to d nounce tbe n wbo killed Lord Oav ndlah and Under S o t&J'Y' Burk 1n s Phoenix Park. L wia 1111ama, 1n RODUOT IO to oul4 to conde tbe Phoenix P atta1r, lt ough hie word 1ght al o be nt to 1nclud dyne 1t and t I P1nall 1t 1 be p 1tted 1n on of n t1onal1ty, whioh c nnot be aoouect ot untr1endl1n ss to the Irish poopl and which ha b.,.sorb d and ia abaorb1n. g eo many of ita el nt to exp deail-e nd t hope that a study of the work of ergu on and t lofty and noble type of t ancient r who be d pict their obi airy nd tr1endl1n a 11 aa oourag and patriot lam, will have ita tf ot u.po t spirit of m t and calm ths p aa1ona a 11 s elev t tb8 ton of patriotic endeavor among all o r t blood (4 t 'kindly Gael. It would be tbe h ighest hDnour and oat leo tribute to tbe gen1u or t po t who d o ch to renew nd v1v1ty tbe ot 0 lt1c Ireladd in ro1e r 4 And on this note, the d oua ion ot r1o n joumal1ata and scholar wbo w tt et d to Iriah oultu 1n the e1ght1 a y be brought to an end 1. Reynold op. cit.,. PP 2 2. .o, Fer eon, Sir Sa elF rgqaon, vol. 1, pp. 256-261. s bl PP 25s .. 1R. r on, La .L. p.

PAGE 151

& a lilt preoe g t th1 c r about tbe Ir1ab r10 n ao
PAGE 152

4 nd with len N ol: ton" at r ot r. It bi t 18'7 t t 1gn tbt ,. .... wh1 o ca 11 ' t volut1 n Jou. al1ata 1ntl en the ot wr1t ra n joumal 1 t who re oau 1.881 and 1 1 o 1o 0 7 or o r. Irla o tho o lea le, 0 or ot ra, the peri w th --.... .. -, r att ly a1t n o;. p tlon. p 1 ot ua 11, s.J ., U&Wio.VQ d Ruaeell, 41tor ot C rla J n ot ontrl tl e bJ 11 Gr t; I.R. 1t1 uo 1'11r b r on. o oar 114 .\lb De ve laat pJ'O ngllab _., .u. ..... tloal lrool ; ling 0 11 o b auch cent r1 ora 1r ter t 4. ot Dub Oardlrtal 1 o ly 1n ieh Oatbollo 10h db oCa t1 t ngn a t hollo jou llat 1n r1oa d r no aa p 1n 1 4. b1a ... t t ot t J J l O'Re1111 R n Catholic oirol a 1n Boaton '1' reby no our

PAGE 153

S'70 0 t b1a 11 ra aotlv t1 Pf Yeata. It y noted 'bat 1D th1a l ott 0 t rial illy 1 te St 1 h J oor dy ndl1ng proae. o or 1a l "' c 1 d 1n A rlc r abort att r w1 t Pilot. with 111 an o lla, t Wb1 tl r, 011 endell llow In he e,a part r ot he 4 1n 1t .-1 .. 1ah e rat1 t or 11 th T r1oan HOl.n 0 1 c 4S.cua ed 1n onneotion tatu ot t be the B t n Pilot wlth 1 tt t. 4 bo t 0 to r Y ve Irish loa. T ....,........,., alt it nt 1 111 a 11 1 a p r1od1c 1,. 1n t Oel 10 bAle been t t 11 pr elation or ad o oo per r D b ton an at tu or a a ll t o ow t }) y Wl'1t1nga by ao y the older 1aaa oe tJwt .be ne ot with whloh it to erst ln view ot oR 111y1a 1t la not rpr1n that be 1 equ.allJ n1ue. ong t o tributor to at rtn Tynan, .a. e ta;c.w. Roll - d aooo 1n l lt a44a to t gl'l, o DGnOYan oa a and o e11.l. o 11ly 1 o publ t 1 o h r t -1a .A rlo -.R. n

PAGE 154

371 Oatbol1c periodical whloh avore4 t 1aa. olut1.on of t United or G at Britain a Ireland, bad no such 41at1nguiab8d contr1 to t o t llot. Yet 1t a eager to ncou.re t popul rlty ot Irla -auoh tan41ah J. O'Grady -both at h abroa J 4, a1gn1t1oa t it to p the v1 1ah 1a ag or hie latter pur- po it conduct 4 a 11o Depar nt" b T. O' e1ll Rua 11 1n th1 oonn c lcm a t w words 14 about he etatue of the langua re ival 1n A rloa. Ii"1ah liked. o tbl. t 1n 18?2 tt ba 1n1t1at 4 t r nalaa formation or t and t a 11o S lar in!: tat 1 t 1n a. 110 oh a to d to t acl ty tor tbe P :rYa t ion ot tbe utah IA.ngua e b t ot w oh re b 1n or la tiona. 1 d1a pla7ed In 1881 t B l: Philo-Celtic Soolaty wh1oh nt1otpat 4 tbe GaeUo t1 ion b7 a 7' ar 1n tou.nding a p 1 1 1. ...!1 "t t purpo at pr ot 1Dg" t lan g vinl. It a lao note4 bat 'r. o e1ll Ru8eell ant1o1p t t t D lfJde'a c aa1ty tor De-lie 1aing Irelan bJ o :r 7 are 1n a oh which be live 4 1n e Yo$ 1n 18'79. In addition t t .going a no1e t B ton m4 York PhUO.Olt1o oo1 tSea ao t to noou tM rev1Y l ot I1'1ah. T h t to er6 tbe d ral Gove t into ed t t 1n 1884 there were r t11't7 a o ola 1n tbe Unit d Stat devoted to t; atudy ot t Celtic t " The ew Yol'k Philo Celt1o oo1ety w 1nte at 1n tbe d 4 y e n ve rtor t t t pl 1n I h r to ha be oono m tor Ire land ditpla7 by auch Ir1 r1can

PAGE 155

a aha db)' attract 4 b t 1a ag1 tat1 1 nry CJe J 4 111 j otwhlob to b a oo1ated nth t tor ............. le, ... h Curtin 11114 AU hC A 111' udn been n gleot d, na 1a B app p 1a tor Ourt 1n bJ ot an 1 -mot ' cant 1t 4 b1 Wll.l 0 t 0 butt t Celtic to reottt7 thia 1.n 1G38 b7 whtoh 1n 'Q 1e, on to o w o to lB8'1J 0 tot 1 1 t 1n d 186 and 1n 1880 pub11 he an n ot 11'1 h p 7!'1 whi h lc t to h1a tr t1 t 0 ouo .. a to r oogQS.. tou the 0 1 1Lt Irl h, or 1 h rio n, 1lllll1Jor'16,anoe of er o on or t h& t n to tbia con 1 : r t 1on 1a a ded t 0 t t h Ka har1 t co r1bu\1 d to publ1oatl n out oour 8 ton Pilot ) t juatt 1n1o the t1ret pul -tl t r1n ybet ndl rio 0 8 v14 n .. ubllahed the n, w a at Irllld ( or ot lioNC ol4'a or o lt1o na1a nc

PAGE 156

CHAPTER VIII LLts RISK, 1870-lBM In t t e p r a d c pt ra att nti baa devoted to be Ir1ah r1oan aoe tr 1870 to 1891, t t t .a, Clu.ring t period ot h 11' r1 and t ll. xt t e o pt ra will treat t Ir1eh '" rln tbe In the p sent o pt r the nner ot Pam ll' a r1a to n obo n to 1n noe will be 1nd1oated. '1' date 18'10 tbe ginning it beo Ull t H le ve nt a 1ngu t d 1n t.._t tJ at l.eaet a rl Pam ll Nld been attr ct d to the 1 7 but at t t t s a etud t t 0 Un1 r 1t1 and it not until be d 2 t1n1abed b1 Vn1 r 1 "' o are r ln 1 69 an aot1v 1nt t Ir1 h at1'a1r be to take In d1aouas1ng Pa 11 r1 t1r t hi early 4 bt to t en1 will b 1n41oa J t n the able gr pot 11 ut nant hioh he recruit d o t;be o 1 au a1on1at will be ak tobedJ and, tbird ly two ext 1 t t roup wbioh prot' Jobn or. rs ot h1 retum fr d all gianc lead r of one x11 1 I to h1a o u e will be ot of t a groupa and the a be n aboaen aa a t us Co:r the tt r to be d1 cua ed 1n St. Jo Ervin 1 Parnell, PP 81. Ibid., PP 69-al. w 373

PAGE 157

c a p 1 o t wh1ob 111 y c t ot bia tt In corm ot ion w1 h 41 ot p 1 to t Pa 11' r tb8 t1 it ta 11a at ot t -3'14 both a indirect n4 d 1 ot Hi lnd1 ct ap 1, ult or h1 r10 n 1t t1an. ll'e t OP1 1n Of Fen Brot r r 1 0 rl a whipping t I "1 J Oooper 1a 2 oc. 14 "t ina to r ot rP 11 Oh gl llo lr1 I It 0 t t r1o n o t17 n 1D 18'74 riea land.

PAGE 158

uoc etull eougbt to p nt t H Rul 1n Parlla1 at Aooorcl1n ly, 1n 18"'1 w n be wa nd1d t pleaa 4 that bad oon r1but d to the tun4 "1 4 lt p o 4 t t Pam 11 bad s pries porte '1 tbe or 1 a1on1 t an t laD Pamell A yea. r t r t1on or Ihde alxtr t h sa p opl in to l d 1n 1876 wtth a ele t 1 raar,t ed 1 In oo r ilar an1moa1t7 to 1776, be Yeale4 a oonalde ble knowled of t n ba aaw today 1n t loo t Atte h1 1 0 t .r a aa tollowal n no 1na t d by a pl"l thood, r10an Deo 1 :raeat. t d at liah bo 111ty A t" leans 1n M torrJ n1 a. IrS.. 0 let P s Jul 29. 1876, P 1

PAGE 159

land to p 1 1n o 0 nnlal ot t outb 0 Parnell 4 00WlC11 14 nt bJ.e 1 it o ot n4 Pa Or nt' t 1a al J' 0 n Ool a t dent a 1or 1e Oanoell1ng tbe Pam ll db I 37 Unite t be dop t d t rl an opl on the ot t 1r a r t r Ind.epend no Sub ooonno r Power, o ... a r ot 1 I a., re & put d. to pre ent t r Pamel owl d e ot t a Oon Up rr1 al ot t ra t 1a t r t Brit a A OJ" to proo da .. land J'1ta1n, t rpu perc o. 0 v r, Pam 11 let t etlan ot t 1nt brOQ P rl1 nta dutl 1n o ov. ,, 1876,p.4. 19771 P 1.

PAGE 160

1 Purt 00 pt tor na 1 v1n P rnell 4, 8?7, t Moue 4 a un nimoua 8 lt nt. Add The nta 1 ut1on t ,1n o uo ot Pa r br ht to t at t nt1 Par 1'-am Pa Ir1a nd 1o 1 s. t 11, oooanor P r, oDannell an B1 r, ot r Ir-1ah s and o tor 11 Dul-in 11 d int .. t b1 t 4 at a bJ Ool 1 1n h 1r aot1 1 1 a r 0 or 088 1f 0 act 1 h1ng 1led fi 1a ra. h1a rka 1n DU 1 on l ', 1an a14 to the Rue 111n r. ub -equ ntly iah d t n Ir1 ull1 n rlc 1d11 h would t rabout t e n ot1at1o 1 '7'71 P 6 nt. Irish........,...,... .. Au. t 18111 187'7, y 11, 1 7 8 p. 5

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o 1' d ot ot J 1 or p tl 7 1 1914 1 IO the 0Cll1 8 7 w to Rule CCIJIIIOD. I 1n r 41tf t tio D. Du lin told it7 t ot IN-0 1a1 too nt t t t 0 n. 0 n 11 of pJ-.o- t1on pe wit l l pro-.. 11 '7 rl tt! 7 Oft lu n opt 6 1n Dublin. P1 it 1a m t 1a It le 3 t l4ba d ot hie h 9, 1 7 p. s. s 7 ............................... F b ary 91 18?81 P 5 .. 6

PAGE 162

t lnO t d t 1 t :r1 lab ion, lt wou. ott1o1al n 0 00 G 00 t t 1 into ri: t lut1on 1n Oond r l"tJ h1 lit r, un 11 t 14 t IOATIO 00 .... ............ st,e 111 o all tor ot H e t1t1 ty A aoala 1 oaa1on 1n Dubl t 0 1 1. r1t1eh e b 18'16, olut1 At l n nt o 8 186'7. t t t o ap l o e:r1a aolJ oo no rt ,.. rnlltn 1 , 11 17 oo .. at rr

PAGE 163

Int ot t 1nd tbe approao or 1n 1 llwa t n., 0 oat1on, aot1 r C) bo ha a 1n t or o s 0 In h 1. o f v1 t eurer ot t oolleo 8 ot t dl '1'7 1n w n1o 11 Jud1oe 1 2 s. 6. 1 t r J 0 t au 1 '1 Pol1t1 1 1 o r c n4 h1 to b t alar 11 0 Sa t e112at1on of 1 t 1 0 ont 1ng 0 0 1 t July ', 18"17, P 5 '1'1, P 2. July l r/8, P t tt, 4ont u DeAt t 1oh lea ot Jo .,. J\117 14 not be-gorp .. llah

PAGE 164

ot p 1o but t l l4 n t d b1a rtl i pat o lth D tt 1 DeOJ 9 1 v tt 1n 11' 1 b8 1 1ta1n - I 1nv1tat1 to te p bl ot tbla w1 h l dvooe te p al t ot t a e trolle4 8 ng. ot 3 o joln tbe I.R.s., r ou t to g1ve toroe d to a De rtu

PAGE 165

ll' ria to r hip ot toll d 8 0 w1 nS.. u ion al o be d th.1 -rtae 1 t y n ll p d towa Pa 11 I J t h w .ou ppe 1 to th 11 ll' ra re b d l tter waa 1 Union a a 1tati1on 1 Ir1eh legi Ct.rle Pam ll tevor o Rule w t od t r Parl n 1n 187 Aftell' 1U t 1lu o be leot 11 t. H or tl and a
PAGE 166

n 0 eting 1n B Sot e. d Pa 1 d :up t l .,... P meU exa port nt rbro uaalonl t t1n c tbe t tlon otti e, tl t llt r a rvea DJ 1nt 5 d 1 r. 41atel:r t J ln 4 In taor ot mar1eaty tor tbe 11 opt 4 t111 b7 t Dubl1D ............... iOoOiiiiiil re another .. l"1od1 l h e de 171 aly, 111 kl 1 publla. tnt olle b7 D 111-. n . Aa

PAGE 167

t 1 1t1eant 1 t Unit d at t I.R.B Parl1a nta a 1tat1on, Irish to 1 p try, ant1qu1t1e lan ge, port a Cl lo-Ir1 h llt r tu o t r a t United Stat 1e cone rn 4, "F gbting pub11 at1 $ Ro otp 0 po d 6 7 Ca da 1n 1866. Ue4 w York 69th Iri h rio b7 J o BOJ le and R.D. 1 poet r ogn 4 b7 the e O'Reilly, rs. oDonovan 5 Jo7oe end 1' n. SulllYan t t ian 1 ot Young .;;Ir::...;,;;;.::::.;;..,.::. tro t :fact t tb;J tar t I.R.s . 7 be 8 9 1 Da tt d o.J. Klc u.o 4 c .. tributo Furt o 1t pub11 4 an a 1o1 on "Tbe Gra 10 ot olf Tcme. On th other band, in a erial b7 Obarlott :r n1 0 nt d acrl as a t1ab a o rl 11t delusion." A d anot r eriAl by J' at1n II'Oart sa _on, provok d the wrath ot Jo. oz.taey. The hero ot th1 latter story typ ot Pa rn 11, hero r d a a1tuat1on 2. 6 10. 11. 12. uppo to n od led att r a prot a-be O'Donoghu ; but, unlike hia original, the althy 1ah girl (the by anticipating t 12 e -dith'a Celt an4 Sum), Anot r 41t ____ iiiiioiioiOioiii t Dead. Young land, July 10, c.l,l878, p.672. r egiona, Young

PAGE 168

t 1'\ t 1 nd1 t t O o hue aoo no la y ag1t t1o 1a 0 tio, an s ofP rl1 nt" 1 b ok OWl 1e 187 ot IrS. oul tha 1 z. J u ro n 0 p b1 .... 1n 1 t1t1 1 or Jo-in I.R. It Jo o Leal'J 1 t M'Oart art to Par 11a ltatlan t lole 1 auea1 appear tle-Gro biatorlo to 1 a te at 111 pol1 1oa h abe 47 ta 1ah .mt1 it are cone m ; 1n a .A Iegen _II O'QO lla 1n, t vol. 1, lad, Janua 1, 18'1

PAGE 169

B .tat l" ti 2 It\ 1876 t 0 ot 1' r s ln 1 'T9 t cone o n 00 n1 oy rie ot t le c:m Pat rio and 1cmn co 1 11" 1que le 1 Old ;tt.lth Il'Uh p tJI'J c ao t r tolk-6 ," hll 'Y dioat aalo Snhe ot lo-Ir1 h 11t t n n ell Kn ht. __ ............ J ly 8 d# ....... iiioiiliol ...... .......,..iioiloiiiod' JulJ n c h o t ew I oemb r_ 1938, p .a&. July 17,

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tlo t d P re y 1n p be uooe I 1 tt l r .. oh t1tl an Ir1eh to 00 10 t Ga Ill Q 1te4 1 t t 1 ubrey 3 ' t't tll' t t't 0 1nt t r1tt f1r t or 1t 0 t Cba 1n. 0 tlJ -he 1nl 0 1 d t ld 0 otb r be e 1 J 110 u ion, 11, 8'1 and r 1 1 t le to 9 t ot lt h 1 tto.-t to Yl bl1oatl! o oh1 port, P mell of P ty 01rl o t Locbdan, PP 19' 5. o April a, er 11, 18"1 P pl'il 3, 1880, P 28:5. T 0 'Grow.n rial 8

PAGE 171

98 T -P. o oonnor b T. amell'a tirat oruita, 11Ua o r1 re enllated In ebrua ot t t 1 o wrl a the Dublin ................... ly. to a 1n h1oh h a kly lett r to and wrot "ohietly tlon for a undia nt at t ally, ly t a a t J an41 tor lan o Jo o ' 111 Dub l Sn 1ft 18'1'1. rt t orult 18?8 111 o r t tatf ot d 001 t d th t l ly t n or wS.th h 1n 0 0 1o 1 Davitt dbou ot hi 1 iXl 1n .rot a "I aoco ngly elect s 0 tar t P o t riou p olt tbe l u ot 1 -bet ell t 'Dl"tme Oou.noll a t prov1no1al Coun 1 0 t -a. 17 -197. 116 vol.llpp. 57-6& -

PAGE 172

In p 1 1o ot ny n ho at r to r 1eh lnP 1 1 .be t ot tba Iria pu.b. 1 1 1 0 1 bl1n .. ot t'tln 18 17 s.n.u 1cm DQb in A I n o n wa fir t 4 -wn to Pa '1 11 1n 18'78 to r 4 -1tt out o f t to l tt l' wrot 1 p o I. owe r, Parnell o gt o r1 1tl f a r p!J71 toal toro HI P 1

PAGE 173

oa 17 a tor p and, ray J ill 0 a. 9 l r t ._ o Ot r1 of I f 1' ln 0 t 1 t r1 1n 187 1 r, t 1 t r 0 ot r 1n 1 1 r 7 Pl'OPl" t rien1 D 9 xcl o t rlen :n4 l 1t 1o a c e4 7 or, but t land w1 11 c1 o o n J U T 800 302

PAGE 174

en dla u aa1n g p1J7e1oal to r1e ea O'Br ... r a not 1 oua i on omt 1n 4 nd P tJ O'Brien. at In 2 t d 4 391 l tt r Par 11. e l d hie ot. r 1 t 1 of, o rt t 1n d after hie t out on ln t otflo a United ha ...... Pame 11 d a 4 1n 1 ra14 on Dublin c atle 1

PAGE 175

18 pl till o n '!'rio lor on dol I A rio it So ppa d1t1 d ra t 0 a ta tl h ppo t s 2 1nt th the .. t w 0 c 0 Nte. o Brien n r 1a 4 1n drea io 1 foro d blit a tan 1 oil" E and d a bavl at Pr ee nd: s1a. a dlttl lt7 ortunl ah-r c a 1 ribe 111c.h '1' 11 1 I ish ...... _., __ tor pendenoe. t at 1o 0 1011 y t 1t the nt1 1tor1al aa a la 1'1 1 t t t t ot uob "a s h opl ina rnel11tea. t1 ala by d t win ot t tore p rty 1t they proOk 4 h1 j 0 1 r to aoh. al and

PAGE 176

v. 0 11. J 1 1 ot o . rut 0 p p 8 1 r 9 0 ral aa1 rul 0)1 I vol. 1 P a 7, OJ!lOp!e
PAGE 177

3 .. lnl tro t au Jo d 4eol d "to wit r.- t y 4 ot connection 1 p r a OOOt!tGerQ dito,. hort 11 tt hia ail t Un1ted sta ple J .. hU t:rlt 1 publio, 3 Otlbe ONCe y 14 4 0 t1rat acqu lntano be 4e 1ft Will Oullen Br7ant, n4 I&' Cart w t 0 aan 1 1n41cat 4 t t oert t 1n w Y a or d. '1 4ell Pb1ll1p nt to t 8 1 j 111 1.0 la rd 11 bl lla, n 0 0 lpl ,. in-g 12 p tJ' 0 tell 01 Baa d r em about 1t oel a tr1en41y, u. -l. 2. s 5 '1. 8 s 10. 11. 12. d with Iknw t I

PAGE 178

to t Incld all,., 1t 1 e i her a or 000 alon of anot r 1a1t 0 t n 3 n1 b7 J 0 7 oon \\ t atter le&&, ln kl 0 tl' t t v 1 4 al latter had eat 6 0 '1 0 1n 18'11 tOartbf c 1n Jer a 11 4 n to t 1110 rth:J lea41n artiol tor whlch be 1 o wt h 11 ill' 8 0 t 18?8 1. e. s 1 tor mo n a qu 0 rl t ol. 1, P 1 '1. p. 222 "' 1, P 869,. :=.:.===...=. -.iiioiiiiio .. P l. '78 l' t

PAGE 179

o of t lat er 1n ha t In 1.880, p nor, Count __ 11" a b 1 a vote ot a3 to l n Pam 1li 1 meU'e tO art 6 rlt anA b.YOft t t to t oau t 1 .And Pam 11 old o l'itbJ bow 11 7 wl'b \be bt a r aul f h1 r' t}V' nt 18'19, dla trte 1 o be r1 1.8 H Bul att 0 111-w 1 .. 1 opp nt ca b;J 1 ter de laNd tbat cne .., lnl to v ot death ln ot t1ero '"' lt p 'babl aoou mallst wbo1 1 p mell, l. 2, '1'1-'19

PAGE 180

.P. oo t 1 ot -t1r t r P ar, 1n 0 0 went 0 t1 11 t otera no 1 to o b o o or n 4 the l1a J nor OOM ot1o with la d -n4 on t P n 0 b1 wspa &. a. 1 t !'tab tor lab Parl1 m w tat7 wrot Ir1a 1 o n reoJ'Uit, a P 98. ol. 2,.pp. vol. 1, p.800.

PAGE 181

l. p rli Pa 0-' 1Jt jo cover t wrot t l --0 1 to 1 a ev awl ue: 0 00 t F tna a oul'1o sto b ited. In 1 _81, 1 tc t1tt t b1 stone to A r a wn4 1n t u or t 1r rt1n r ther dolll otl to 1 11 wr-ot 0 -a11;y1 n e bout aor ot 1 '1 J De o,ta Iriah .;;.-........,;;;;;,. e, 1882 about 0 YOl 1, P 141. 3'70 Brit ann1ca,

PAGE 182

or II o oonolu. t lt nd '. n oc or to I t1 t 4 ta. 1> tot T a t e of t t r ll1t who rS.. 1 w1_ h lr ob1et en ian not tor. gott n b y t adY at of aloal to ta d att r be d M 0 co o te t -o1b they d ado t Iri h Pa 1 wo ext pat tlo o o uae alt retua to 1 1 p .. 111 certain blln 1ntelleotual o grouped 1 o 1"1 Aa t 1 th po 11t NJ'f int t on 1d i Vol. 1# PP .;;;;..;,;;;;;;:;,;,;-.;;;. ..-...-.-........ ......,.iioiiiii'O .... vo 1, PP -350,

PAGE 183

o1bl ric arch 13, B polio tb: ht Rwl ian, p o y ., h 7 tlce," t jo d 1 0 B 3 )) 5 B. 6 s. g. Die t1 t 117 A .ry ror 1 lt r4 t "K1 l ott In 'tin1 4 been ppotnt dt '1'8(! en.t 1 r II be n Jell lt ot a n1h11 1n Jlu 4 8 T llQblin killing oa t t 4. t 4 be to r tor ts.n t en rt tt 9 lr sealy.not onl by o tt ut by a a t' :r tbe7 oa h

PAGE 184

(I diaoard unt' and t t brogu .) r o t 401 a o, and w I in n land l and wben I 1n Ire land dopt la not oorreo. t to talk -. r hap d 1n Ireland. tted 1n tbe tba r t1o r&okleaanee s.h111ata tl'an the o loulat ion ot t P"id uaaae1n"' 1R t de J and, oor ctl7, attriwt 1t to Iriah eeoret aoo1ety ot r 1 tb& I a. or 1bbon n. r aon foro aue ot lng Irish to n r en Ir1ah o 1n at tion. !U9 ....,... .. 14-. bad publlabed aoo1ety dea r lett r 1fhioh enoour d t aaaainat1on ot "t tountaln !wad 2 ot authority" 1n Inland lon a o 7 4:1 18 7 X.ter 1n the a ar, Fol'd pap r d1aplay a pa 1o. 1nt et 1n t 3 Ruaaian n1bil1ata. ln April, 19791 tn an d1tor1al nt1tle4 "'l'be N1h111 ta or ppro 1.n 11 reoorde4 attt to aa1nat r 7 lty fr 1852 to 18'1i. ln 6 Pard. 1 a paper pr te4 anot r tr endly ed1tor1al. In June, Irlah orlg publia a ourioua Soorat1o dial lnw ht quation, "I aasae 1nat ion ver juat1t1able?" o bliqu ly awer 4 to qui a1a p po a lf to utt rly ot govomment whioh they l't U oure, and rly 4 epot1o. 7 bo,P4t to aco pliah t t nd! t and. olti8. 1,11hd by t Nlh1l 1 1) 1n roduotim r. t6 y o, 1 2, p. 1.

PAGE 185

In 18811 P o jo u t l 1 St t 0 d w1 t n or Cz r le n r II, t a go" 1n n n itorial 1n 0 ell Pb1U1p 1n the 1n rl r 1n 1n cut that 2 few r bout t to t 8 Un YO. h 1, abou be a ion d p d1ote4 it. " lat r t d s t ot J.J. at, a 001 l1at p r u 11 1n Lon n" t Tbi n to u killing 0 on and with t t t t r1ahA r o na r t ot1ng Ir1a n. t w n ou an t t 1t a tew world would bly led 1nat1g tor O$'t n at o n r. V iolent a t a on la ell da d 1 5 en a t 6 lo.Ir1 lit 11 a tt r Ot h1 Or'fe bad a14ed orxtol1 both o Ir1 h n reb1 t d 1h111 Tlnla J J o t who d with t lAnd a A 8u111 1. 2 I d a aupp a tor ria n, r t Phoenix ark atta1r, hia t1 tor condon1n Bl p

PAGE 186

t 41t s 11 ra'1!7 1t or ,..H .....,.--- a 193 1.. a. 5 .. p k a 1 B o oar d oe r. t by 1 eri tn, ot ttr t t or P 1 ool .., a .t 1n I r b 1n 1862 -no wbloh 4 1 1 1h11 Jd 0 1 1n t, f
PAGE 187

P sana, too, 4 been auapecte4 or a 1n the ett1 07 of a Crown u r1t1e rly e 1 1 '1. t t 1 e t1 n bJ t aplo1on 11-un4 b n tted b}' Jo s o ZWJJ De e c on4Kl p otic n e a'7 A t r ot t t ap a1b1 tor t eta a pr 4 eric t I" eed, t 6 P J .P. to a rted t t 1 tl 1 a p d to Unit Iriah c t eoc1 ty wblob a ably o ooane tl! with oh1 t ot t ot 1 6 ... II not pe T n 14t tt 1 1aat1on to d d. d1 :re t by Par ll1t e a with t lp ot diaa t I'I'IAIIlnll 1 t I.R.s. tor t purpo ot erll att oka bJ.oh ht e nt 111 lead up to a -ar tor lndepencl no Tl or illera part1ou1 rl t t orrto ot Ohiet N t an the Under s aret ey tb St t tor I lan 4 1nat Dablin Oa tl 1n nett: la b the -_ CU 20"1-208.

PAGE 188

occ p t t t 11t .... t1 0 t T t bbln au peot ot 0 tlon 40 1t 1 no rpr1 ., In1n deo to n who d ., .. 21 1n Dublin. 'in. 1 1 n wo t 7 r o s J.n be ' On b 17, o ounc 11 lntft!'ll!tett au1n 1. 2. s. 7 t h a t re t --nt oe4 o J 11 t ot be epeot Ja 8 r 'P t t p 1a,..Tl< ... w Oa 71 T ult or sent n ror G '1 ot Yariou t o ot r -0 be, T t1rat In528-530.

PAGE 189

40 o pero do tl Pboenlx aft: aft u ep lal notlc ht t1ret 111 ot Snt'o er, J Ca y, Jttl7 Pa rio ., u o, 00 1n to P.J.P T n, 1b On to r1a11 11 d te rlee , 8 IJ'i .. r1oan

PAGE 190

too s rwyer thele ot d d -r t m lllt 7 t oroa Ir1ah I c t t I lar tro D 4 1 t 1&1 lonecl 2 1 o 1 'l'h1 n ; I th 1o' otlo 4 1n o1 y, ta ot a 11 8 I plOde 8 1n -1 oa n d 1ta 1'1 It t= pla t 9 tor h lt) 10 1n I al 1ne 1' A a lt' who bid aotu 1 b a 9. 10 11. 12. . \Ult11 1t juat at-6 rel1 41" t the d 80. ld 1 t de am t p n tlo or t t 1 atabbtag ot t 4 18 171 19M. rune ,...t1 t cold -1, wu b t I k h that P1t nio1 mllll oar tor t ao,uai ot, 1t wa ltab ol 1, P 181. P .,

PAGE 191

F1t Jo 1t1en i;o t 1'1'1&1 att d B a 0 1n point ot tact, wa 1 1kln on. 7 an4 4 1lua101l t g t" 1 to nt pr o-o t r ot po 1t1 ot t 001'1 In c I Iriah t 1 lat t1oned aUu 1on II av1 0 t o1 ... elle atter t p10 1 2 P '7 e. 9.

PAGE 192

1 1 1 0 c ; who wa own to h1 1nt t by c1t1 n le tor d oue 1n t Dublin 1nt ll.eotuala who wp 4 t elYee armmd J obn ot ary aft r his r tum to Ir lan4 1n s lea. o thin a uld be aa1 a bout hla lit r be _-4 'be n eentmc to pr1a 1n 186& 1 1n prle unl e oDono n B 1 01Lea N ta:ln d a tight -11ppe sU e ot the o ...... """""' ot a ja1lora. Art r b1a rele 1n 1870. nt 0 noe. was pr inent 6 r1 1n t lr1eh 1 p f. 0 L aoc t lon u s .int atr o nt ot 1ld ... ho nte nth o nturr Ir1 b Jaoo lt '1 tu who d n d 1n t Ir1 r1ga4 ot In O' a -did not o e ig ot lriah politic. Aa t r t ph to 1 t o put 1 o 1t y ote4 that o o Don cwan Ro to Jo '1(11 1. 8., e 7. a J,. to 300. wit polioYJ 8 / a Gal op. ol. 2, p 251 note 1 63SJ o-

PAGE 193

1 1 1o1 at d In 0 om it p t r'/7 4 0 oLe 11 1 s t r o r t Ir1 p rl 7 u t 0 to 0 le d rot Ub t or o oorm lls bo ..... "' ......... r 1933, p 1 a ote. t r ... t 1 1ng a iD t n 11Ung J p w -

PAGE 194

u hla ... ople" or t of t 1 a" I th1 ort tlar1n Jo n tb J 7 OfJ W nthr h1 J o u I Dublin 411 t ol 1 1 11 1e 111 1" t --Q 0 0 lp d 1 ) 0 J 0 ot o I- t c 1a .. 181. or 0 d 1 th hla !at r r oa., a tol4 '1!1 trio 1o 1 h .. o ., and Jo u y ott to h aU n ot t bo ot at a tr 4 J c1ple t I In 14 n 117, ot Oblrlea el al"'UDd P 2 P SOS. = vol. a,

PAGE 195

01Le 0 Ye t ,f bee p 4 t Q r. brot t t 't at 1: t t la t s1d -nt d t 0 6 t n t la ter pu 2. a lp y -an d 8 0 \1 0 tbe y ll8 ion lr or Pluta old n 1ag out or t r th enlanl q w1 O' be I -land 1nl r'1 4 1 wh1oh Y t 11 1n t It t t r a to o I.e 1:'1 biato ot be 1ater Y ta rat r alao lnt d hi a p _ -1 ina b 1 i hl_ t

PAGE 196

y t or d t ft r 1 01 0 t or... at Ye t I t lodging 11 Ye ta o -tl 11 41S 0 ary' a a -r 1a t r' s wrtt1 tor 1t 1 tuat 6 1889 t t p 93, e o ver .l o o to 1o 1 -.. t b:L that Yeat t 4 the 10IU will Jom Yeata Inl t

PAGE 197

' at t p 41 t Ot he !' lat1o hip t te, o wh8t guab.illalYt ell w.s. the two,

PAGE 198

tr oln 11 ria 0 p In a h1a a bt to b p sloa force pa,.t. y and bia oral .W. 1onlat 1 ebt to be lane lat tto 4 ., o win t Un fl!'O Jtll 1n l a am 11' app 1 o t 1n ey r n1& t whO te ' turn both kd ot .

PAGE 199

t 17, a 0 p ape 11 a alan r. 1 to F n n 4 hi f\1...._ .. l f 18'1'7, t onc111at1 Pa a 1 ot 80J'1 _14eno7 c Att to w1n o 1 Du 1 ot marel tr p 1 0 t p t 1t 4 1 ap 1 et l"1 ot st te wotol tor lnt nt ot 411!1 t 0 ot nan b'J td. 0 t a1 foro prty ll oh o Bo h at J' cU n 1n t -ault or t u. l t P i t le 18'r1 I or 1 h " late 1 I Pame u 1,-Joined 1l4 op-l'Ma 0 14 hi a a 0 in t'lnt r1 T D lU be 0 rio_ tle ot t1.11-

PAGE 200

at r 1ah "11 teJWl"J po lar I a h 1n es. eat in t p 1 _1t1e d Aft r on t u T o al j o pe te ot joumal1at be 1 an 41?' ot par 1 ular 1 1t1 o a t to fa 11. It r ted sta lr1ah glta. ion at unlqu ly C lrlo lS.O la Ia-la tolkl uppwt ot Y -u nta Nll\aai lates 1n c a .P. o o or 1t or 1o 1 to P"l'tJ All r oo to win D 14 I'll 1e t -1n t 1 t1 14. Pa toular 1n tt o d to o 1e a 4lt 7 rty d 1n 1t be ac d o t Nl h1 h liahecl b1' bo h ian Yio nt Y1 ala. '0 Pa 8. -eXpel' I'an attain. 0110 n let r nd on a o t Unit d s Unl1k u ally nt out ot bia 7 o all o an opp n ot p t t nortbe 1ah P rl 1oe ho ttl 0 nlan. not bc:ltnd to toll hie ord ra

PAGE 201

' y 1 0 a clro ot 1 Inv1 1 b ,. w -lliMitr a elllt ....... a to be Pa 11 h--1 h ............... -.A Iria 1 b7 .:r. 1 t p Irl J hn or..e ey 11 but anti. 11 tl T o1ro op 8 J na B y, 4 0 1 o 11 t 00 1o tt r bad orlptl And o t u o 4 o1D J.r t p t to o. wr1t1n tI'J' 1 Fit 1.0b :.1no11 le 1a to all ot D ol 0 1 ot hla ot Ka hart. TJn.an. p Ye t to bll4 b7 pr1vate to aud Ocem who t

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c IX IZA'l'IO S, BL IO 8 ABD TRIBUTBS SPIBEJ> BY L, 1.882 In t be following chap. er the care r ot Pam ll wben he attained t p ak of h1 pow r will be v1end obliquely through a oona1d ration of t or 1aat1ona, publ1oat1ona aDd tribut a wh1oh we 1nep1 4 b him. 'r or loosely alll! 4 with F n1an1 or. n1sat1 On the ot r re e1t r olo ely 4, the tributes w ch will b co aide cl ere atl tr eouro a wbioh re unfriendly to the p aical toroe partJ'J and at lite at trur of t re involuntary. Part rmore, two of t tour re <1 liberat att pt o 4 o 1t J and can o ly oo 14 red a tribut a 1n t sen e t t tbe1J" very elaborat n a 1e an 1nd1c t ion ot t p r ch Pame 11 wa gen rally bell v d to Tbe t1ve or n1eat1one to b 41 oua d were all rel ted to P 1 1 1n co y or anotherJ and th y all a alst d the Celtic nal aano it r d1 otly or 1nd1 otly. Org 1zat1ona Oloe. ,at E!t the F n1ana The or n1aat lolUJ n t to the I.R. were the Polltl oal P 1 one,-ty Aaaoclatlcn, the Oee11c Athletic Aaoc1a-419

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eo ion and t I l.and 1 t an t be n 1 t p 1s Pa ll' co tlnu d 11 oe t t of plva1cal t 1 PllUCXl r t7 Aaaoc1 tlo t1c:a d ot P 11' o ror t P'en1 n CCJ1'1Tlo who r1eo d at' r t r1 1n 1n 1 1867 and ot 1 t ort a lt o1" 11 In conn po t ott a 1 A W Oh to lp t Ino1 dent ont 1,-. a al nt1on d be Pen1ana t 1T w r split bJec be u or it u4e Gonne wrote 1n h1 onneot1o O'Leary w a r ma"e11:a.en re tor O ''fA 8 ritl -At ...,... t T '7 Partr, too, pllt on tbe lp t t _ould be offered to p 0'0 or, w onn ot1 with t 7 nt1an badw 1. 2. 3. s. e. 7,. a. _tua4 o lp 8 their b t., p 113. p S..oners. fl. ly ole d that be torte l no 75.

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4:21 Alon n o aola told h aly 4 sp1 d a Jo R by o rtn n1 n o P rnell1 s1 w r 1n tor d ho ..... 1n t 0 tla l tbe Party who e or tr 4 te ed tor with t o tohed end quabbl d and to T Gaelic Athl t1o Aaaoo1a 1 T ditf r oe ot inion o g n1a a to err ot1 ot t or dyne ite to a u Ir1ah 1n4 ndJ nc not 41ao rn bl o tar a CJa U At l t1o A oo1at1on a cone I'll d According to bia his or1 t to r or tbe Ga lie Athletic A octa 1on 1o a oonce1 It '1 ll l1a gan1zat1 o lle4 ita ltthe thleti ia 1 v1val of 11o arl7 at Bene 1t 1 letio a oo t1 do a l Ouaaok tn who bean 1t n on th1 account t t t r t n ntt.teuatio 18801 olution 1n t ot t ot t .... wbile db n G elio 1n 1B89J nor t w: n t a. 11 Leagu wa Ga 11o At t u y or propo ed 1n

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1 less_ o oul one of ott 22 b n p ent 1 It 1n r t 1n 1 nguage w ch oq lnted with Inte st t rl lof rieh porta alr <17 n 4 not d n to J 00 ot1on l t out t -t t to 1on ot t 0 11 tbletlo A aoc1 on baa been d1 0 1 a ttribute 0 t Iriah

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23 P ell, 1b h1 tor1 t s, w one ot t toun r d le s f'r n41 1da onw n1t et -..... ....... 11 c-t 1 tt r of t ot, t or -inal patr elio l t 1c A oc1at1on we tb& 01 Croke, R Oat hol1o ro b 1 ar:nell and Davitt. Lat r Jobn 2 o Le and Dou la aoted 1n this oa tty 0' r o-at d with t arr ate4 on o a-ur1oe D __ v:ln, whoa oc1at1 oto 1 who ba bee s 11o1t w1th InY1nc1bl a 4 to appe r 1n Ja a Joyo 'a A Por-1nc o ion with t 4 anot bel' Dartn who had a t at t be t et ot leba l Ouaaok, the Geel." a s oo1 t PP 106-107. Ir1ah orld,

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P. J. van 11o Cu G o t 0 e ted to 0 Oh Ao o o e1 1 t d tl t a q tntanc w1th 1890" n be d t tbe P ge 0 0 0 ot Ou1 ck'' aa An t t" a en de r1 d al o b o a b7 Oa J D e 7 HmmA7 ( m) d 011 l' St. J o Go art71 and r t1 1 1 at ber that Cuaac 8 Ir1eh Pa 1 n '1"1 Party epl1 yb t pp . with Parnell 1 l!n of the OeelJ.c p.l9

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t 1 t1 880 1at1 to d 1n 1881 a hoot ot t tor al g Inl ct1n r nc lean fro lit '1 A ta. dpo1nt t .tt r Oa 11o Ath ... I 1 nd Sooi ty. I d n 1 ot Davitt's rre t. and thu ns an oool'd1ngl ita ar a athi to t r w1t a a u at 1 to 1 down 1 n17 or t len Sooi '1 ., ot oa Ool. John O'Ma.noJlT 1nt Ola 2 nd t 4 1n ce -n, ot Pn .. ce4 triot Davitt eno h1e rojeo by au a 1n plac rin pd 7 1" to te llan, t-' 1n tor oontr1 t1an to r ot a em: nt tor J. x. Oaae7 ("Leo"). In 1886 Yo.t I la Soo b oa 1n 41n nother due ion 1 P Ject w h w 1 acr1 tollont 1. s. s ootober 1883, p. s. r 22, 1883, p. 3

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t h1ch t be n ot the ent d by oallln t 1r o d t c t ral orSoc1e 7 1 e dle a to 7 t Young I 1 nd Soc t7 tnt 1n Fa 11. In 1884 ;;;;;;;-reported pap r before a bnn anny Pam 1ls or t 00 ty mt re ted 1885 0 Parl t1o n n4 as-1n. that n1 t: d1gn1t1 4 I 1884) Jo o 1ng groun t Chllrl a Jo t Ino14ent lly, 1: t a an4 o11t1c1an1 n rt Obar St wa l"l'l 11 1n be organiut1on to ct on J an-u 't"f t I.R.B. nd d 0 r lad. n4 s fro x11 (in Soo1 t7 a a Cl"U1t 11 t 4 T Rolle t be Oldha 1nt o t .J Gre een th l1e eahool which the Young Ireland Society tabl1 d 1n 1886 t t a tr ot 4 Douglaa de to it. 0 ot r orse1c 1on tba O t po l7 Olub and t orld, April 5, 1884,p. 2 Yol. 2, PP-

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P ... o l 1o oc1 ty, d 'l'be Oont Olub two 'I Conte po n 1t 2 Un1 1 T-r1n1 t a 1 r 62'1 ton. Olub the hit n. night c r ;uea1o of 11 nner ot 0 I oc ding to 5 p t B Rul' ' a lan. Pr que 1 eon rv tiv ot t ot t atrong17 rd Do 8 It j'ee 1n t ro a ot d 0 e a 4 t r e according o Oharl a end n. a 1 tin. -re Cll' 81 r on, w Y t and 1 tat r, D laa u,de; '1'. ol on, J .P.. 710r end John oteary. 1ohae Dav 1t e o a t to a J and B. Y at of t II ch bad gone out ot t aah1on 1n tt1ll the r of ou oonv r t on, 4 at b1a t and t 1ona11st o ld 1nt not r lt on ot r it t if to t d1t1onal. re or publio peeoh.9 P r p t 41 t1ngu1 btd Y1 1tor o w s ent rt ined b7 t aoc1 t7 1111& orr1a of whase tay 1n Dublin St pben (]wpm, who waa . '1 e. Olub, wro

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428 1 1n h1 u 0 T P __ .-o lt1o oelet7 P .. o l 1o oo! y, 1oh t 1n h., 1 s, Club, A a a tt r For t lea t t 11 ct Pamell1t Parnelllt eymp t e Dor Ln:ie p Jo r ot t t 0 p contr1 tor o 0 p r 1 d. Vr'f IIE7loll.I.I.I'I;Jr b 1 p 11t1o 1 H P.r ntJ t c 1 -ror on d o n to .. lin 3 D Oonte orary 2 p-Oll 1c 1,* hi c 1v ld 1n tw 0 00 1 brat 4 5 ty. Ot r Sooiety 6 lle ot.arr, 8 ... 00 P ..Oelt1o soo1et b1oh bl1ahed 1n 1 8 two r d 1 un1qu olo ' cantri t "On ...... a t1ne d oor t Dr. Rr 'a o " A.P, Y J 12 1 btl J 10 U 1 n 11 88 v r, 4 1J1 t _coll otion. l. 2 s. 7-sa. 10 u. 12. pp.
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429 ort t n thol ; e r, wu in-te 1r Pm 1 1o 1ftll ed 1n the r v1al of 1 b Ir1ah o editor with Jobn ot l'ubl1oatl Publ1oat1one !at 4 'W1 tn. la t t ot t organ1-sat1ona disc not b p St p Gwynn ha one or tb thre "ol.d books" whloh y help to tr o -5 volut1on" ot t Ir1 h lit r r7 v1 1. T an bologJ 4 1oat d to t Young I d Soc1 t1 o w:rot to Kat r1n 'r n that first poe 1n. t d1tors,. T.w. "" a 9. ol "To Jobn oLe ton. Anoth r notabl p o Jo 6 oL .,_ b7 Tbt 7 on ot the w Dou laa e 139. nd, 1naert beto

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"Death d by two r S t1on, Tynan, already on b Char or Jolm 0 raon, e en ntio-o go 1 " whf.oh alr ad b en o1: d. o;ele llen 0 X. r,. 2 :W.d 4 1n t hi a thologr. In a 1 ... Y at th e bJ
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d dilt e4 Oft s d "Ir1ah Oon-ttl ,. 0 6., 7 1 1 at1o 1 1n br t n 1 tblJ pe 1o4Saal pltblla t 1 tt Oil oh 0 0 tri ot Charla 10

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rl s ill B buto ra Cl 1 ot s alt ot lan d rw y ts, 1nb1 St p .. th Oont 0 ton lt ed1 ora. t t bo h d1tor Rol t en 32 gha 1 0 0 rr Cl b Ont n l t lrl aV 1 on1 t to c 1B t t t itled r Bos-X.d .stud , b y c to t t t 4 t1ngu1 r1oet_ t d i t t c t p cS t Dublin Uni't'e .raltt R or1b1ng 0 .w Rol her nand, Jom ported 6 andY t t t s.n 1 I p 117' ..... ;;;ow .......................... d1tor b 1 4 to t Pan..O lt 1 Soc S..t7 1n t o b con d 1887 7 be o hc. n tor 4eta1l d o 1 a s 5 e 4. T y r .1886 14e r t 1on but ttrat

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a t w b It IIOJ:wla'f 1 J l ! Journal eta did ch to al.l oy n r1 Dublin 1n 18'10, tor1e N rep bl1 41tt rent titl 2 and r unt 14 433 1 t proprl or ot t fame lite mt"' Irie 11 I" "t'J nov 11 t, 1ta t1 1 h writ t1 l ot t althOllgh tor ple, Ken dJ' a "T T I4l Girl that aa Jrly, Ir h dito It g t ly 1 ... :s Inc 1d n l 10h t1on 4 b pointing the 2. 3 4 5 1 4 a not 1'1-.r t col o it y ot b t t y; ata d ll nougb o tate 1t 1n hia 4 to r pr1nt tour p1Ao tr 11 tbr t t .,;;;;;:,.;.;;;;; ;.;;;:..;:::;.;,:;:::;,;;:;;;:;.1 1 "d t t announo d ep 1nt t 1n 1 h 63-6'1.

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to 1 and I 1 h 1 d p lett r t p t ot p r bl 3 bJ ()t t tor iftl or t Irl langua 1 11 n1 0 b 11h !.,_ ................. t s. ;x t 1, toUow 1ng naz t I g I 0' 111 4 In ODU.I'.IU..LII.W in I 1ah p ar 00 Yl dt a w1thout to Por into ... t1 u 1 oae Ka ? Lea e to 1n 1 b gh.. w 8t WJ"lt to n; :t'1but 4 t I.riah r. t llo 1 llo Olub. b oh or club o 1oh 111 Ro y b 1 1 2 s. eial nt1on 1 thi oo tiona t 1a b oh ....... .. -se. d a oap7 on t otber ol. 1. o 1, th. ber 0 b r 1883, 1 ot 4 P t ao,. 1883,

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plac a, o and o the Lan, and the t le Ir1ah 1n U1'J Pi K .tharin p or t tha '7' T 1 of p bl. b7 .. beoau it 'Y 6an 1 t of r l" !!! a r Iri r d 0 t o 7 gi'YI n U.P 1tor ip or 1eoeno Dwyer G "' wit ot pr r1 tor n 0 d 7 nagh t r J U'ey 2, 1 dlt d 1a w 1; ot pert ou r note I

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orient t1on 1 n t r1cula ot rt1c v1 1 or Ir ah h Ir eh gu lJU.Dg (e41t R v1 lot T Ir1h Li eratu 1cl tbe purpo public 1nte%" t 1n p tr1ot 1c ubject 6 ss.o, n ho ar alle t o s In :J R 6 It "T Ir1ah 1t1oe t re v1 lot ) f' v lnl ot or wh1o t t n 1 d by Il--1 -vltera 7 la lnt 11: h 1 ngua ) S "T T 1 1 ot Iri h s" and ftev1 1 Of Ir1 h If inc a Oelt1o n 1 nee 1n 18 d r be c ontent :ln t M '1 r ro r to eno rage t ct1v to o X 1n Thia con ider. 1a ro n do lnto 1nt whiCh T ren 1 aan e pa a t oourag 1 Un 1 .. 6 a t Unit d State land P t W141 ly y tiot1on ple 4

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ott beth a a rl.al bout I 1nt d It be when Uaa o t "A P i t O!'d t o t It J. P r It tltl d a not r 1'1 ntttl nt t1 Young 6 J. Ielo T. IJ M not y 1t ..-;;;;;,;;;,;;;; ....... -. wbloh d 8 Ire 4 r r 4 Mlc Api-11 with a 1 r1 a ot -n in Octob r, and o artie e by euoh 3 ) lolm 1 c 4 1, The F 1an 186YF re d a t -lth 1n print_ 4. of the P nle 1 s 5 6 nt w 1oh e F o 1 s.J, 4, J.G J uthar 1 in brua w1 h tn l.y 1nt ting of lt1 rn .................... -.-......--...;.;;;;;;.;;.. April 24,. n 111 v 1 t I lan Thi c h 13 l 8. P 182 tober r,.

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1s lt- hi ot c r la t n 1 vies 1n an ot the a talc n 1n t at r eat play t at ndeno truth 2 hle n ...! ll ,osli!len Ia 1916, a aul 1'1 1 wrot ou er 1Tbey ll er 4 t r r.' t tooO tor, d n poo -_ w111 not tor t 1 and 'the ople ahall r t tor e r f t play ot W .a. na a ort ot go p l o 'It any n uld help t gl h lt, g1 all. Lea t a onth att r c o Ir1ah F1 a o r n the nlan riatng 186?. eo Sol 1 r t I 1 d " It o ne4 w1 h s dlot d tbat t I land 1 te would oon a 1 t to y: Dra n 1M. '1' 41V. 1 v ez, _r;;;,.o; 1........,-= ... ........,......., ..... p ot is erial in 8 bJ ct .... t 1a, to 5 'If nt1tle4, .., which p -1 v "11b rty" tor ok fr our present solution, by Whic h we -p ins and d1t tin 1 ars, n our nation b 20,

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9 A th1rd .t1 0 0 p 0 ing. l u a For t Old -----1a eu 1 v g a uaooi.at1.o 1 h t au r, ban4 un-now c B 1t 7 t d1 4 1n Augu 1t al 0 g t rt d1n t 11 1 0 t1on ... A a tr l 1a cane r-t1on tor ruU roh

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the or pi riving p elera" (w ich appea d 1n a Janu.- 1 an sing 1lluetra t1on) y be reaalled. T Unit 4 tat s A a htb abl interest 1n t; Un1t d States. 'l'umin over t page on e 3 7 not article about r 1 Grant, Houaton D4 the 5 oll Pito tbe Cont dera07 ri g t 9 P ni:fllore 0 ooper or Waebln t and land' lp to 7 8 Civil War. Artie em Art mus ard, rk la 10 ll 1n,. a poe by Whittier and a parody ot r All n Poe t t 1ty t t ed in er1oan lit rature a 11 a the hi to or the linited tate ...Ir-.1a....,h......,P...-...;;,;;;;,;.....,.-. .... s t 1D Iri ... rioan literatur w a vld o d by t a. 1. e. 10. 11. 12. pr t 0 I.e 1 ndt .A lab ot p by J oyle Ex ri n Irlah Ptre .... arch 27, April S, ire side, July ov b r 2?, 22, 198

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1 otB11171 Pa s J)wy'er Jo a Lout oge Ou. e Ino!4 a. a111,. t o pro p1eo a bJ Ro rti I>wyer JOJoe -"Tbe Legend o t Ore Y t Bro J or, be s n h son," nd "t' Little t l ot Bottl Hill. T a c bQt a no 1llaF7 to a liat of t .he cur1ou.a to I 1 h t t r 1 1oan lit t how r. per 1nt t 1n Ir1 b l tt r In April b at ll"lah boo a w bliabed it 1a not o ot the I 1ah or waa 8 Ir1 h Undoubt d c -1 4 aU.d to a t 1 4, '1 t not onq 414 it t 11 publ1a ng 1n ba t 1t alo oon fU d 1ta t o or Ir h with an t to at a din bllc rr 11t r "wr tt n tor Ir1 bmen by Iriah-n An eo 1t d ol 1 eland Ho 2 5 7 a. nt

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e ment Th1 oon tor Iriah t1c1al att pt to Ir1 -.h tresld Sot r t pt d o aro 11 T 2 te tl c 1n ontrt t1o to t th t rt1 paPat two y b de. Ir1 P ta Irla 'r7 t1on a 1 Il!iah i;;. -,;;;;;;:;.;;,;:;,;;;;;,o;;;;;;;. a in the poe of Ire (ln tbe ot a 10 n it d "Irieh P ta d t1r 1o h announo d 1nt tion the aerie b7 Kat 1"1 s ita in g 1. a. lp r tt 4 t 1 t t nd t 1n or art 1c1e on t ot r 1ty Col to lt t It h e wit t by be t __ ch ot n gleot-and 11 ra I ot t p ent patb7 with t r t kno 1 o 1ye with L t ret nd 18861 P 95. t d Ir1 h P t 2 1ah

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Sbe r t Ir nd1 bero1c a ot "t tOrJ 1n De!M ot Dla and or Tu1rrean," Ch114ren,. .of L1r, 4 he wtl1ned a Oeltio ren.1a oe t a mot T t1 t art1ol to t 11 tbar1ne Tynan t lntroduo .... t1on r 1n he 0 brought Fer on 1. It. b7. ll Po try ot 1 Butler Y at r Y ats wrot t iU p To I land gT Vgu 1 1n t 1Jat 1ntotoou rtiol on P r 1 ad: Kno t ru br c T t a g, t wrong llad and r.nn g y I lea b counted o 1 gan. rguaan 2 3 d die on 1886 d Y at "ole and Ir1 h P trr, 20 '1. ol. P 1 ly

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1 on hi t tt la d 0 1f1 2 Unit 4 tat SJ and o tor 1n pia 1ont Y, ' "Oerald CJr1tf1n 1 Ir1ah xten at 1n t r'e F rga on e d P t op to n an Ob t 'J!"1 it y t t r 1n 1 turn to Ga l1c 1 ly an rry 1n h abe iell 41tt1ea to its bea.rt w lJ'ieh Cllg'tt1"1t s-a .. 1nt rpr ted e 1"1 ot o lt1o t 1. a. a. 111n 0 s 188 s L1f lt ough 1n r 1 o e 0 nd I to I 1 1ng tbat lre----..;,iiio

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All1 fr1e Jo xt o :tea ot t t ... t ooordin lr1 ot t1nct1 t -nd r1n o y. t 00 lo t h t On trt ola I t t in public, and Yeat t t hie p n t t his beat, was t Taylor art1c aylor, b1 a say on Da'f1 000 h1a t 1. lt. 2. s. 5. a. '1. e. I told h 1 11 a w n 1n London 1n 1 artlo b1 1. rd or, iaolp s 0 t1 tJ" e tl o ao ve t d1 o ori 1na11t7 p c 0 t &'7101' io p e cr1b1ng "T ot '1 tor net 1n 8 an c one pti n1 oter w Allin T --

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1 o aey, J a lo art1ol t oe Dav1 : p t ot D. J which al n xt t riD TJn Aub y c 'a ll u r subject from t eta po1nt both or "b1 t it to t o t olio o roh" a d h1 v ion to ngl h t Ir1 han on 1 4 too. d1 ap nt 1n h1a o ro lo Irlah s to neird and T Oh1 0 Llr" I 1. 2. Coming t m r. Ver 's n t p could not but be aoholarly, tat ly, and grand bu tb are a little daap. oint Jns 1n t 1r laok ot the wild Ir1eh note. T "1 are bea 1tu1ly told tor and r w 11 to xpaw1d tot J T yl r, 'l' ork D .,1 Ir1 o-vemb r 18861 E oLe ry, o r ov b r 131 1 8 P l. e PP 13,, 43t.

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gli_ pr is of 1 6 '1 bou h to Iriah pt Jolm 5 l.e o 'Be1ll'J" Ir1 h 1 1 In 1 87, 1 1 t 'l t1 it by Kat It t 14 ello at r ot 0 r n ot I d P a 1 UD4 r t 11!'11' lou t n t l t1r t writ '7 poet17. ht to 41 att _nt1on to n.ti nt1 1lh1o app ot ...._...._._._......___ P. J o e cr1 1 1 v lue 1 1c rd D I Alt W1111a lase. P 380 O' 111 e 7 K. and o r told v 1oha D Alt a about ding nl t .. "the Iriah r 11, 1886,

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Lo r, Iewle rtie b7 b oll t b l a, d c d 11 ved 8 ny 14 a ot t polnt or t 81:r r be n t al't1ol .n. Jorc rla d wo t of all C r s to l lland, Jua in t(lartb1 2 11,. n a tollo d ot Ita . t t .., ot r lnl t C o g poe n an u wbo wrot two 1 e patr1otlo '1 o t w.s. Y ts, 1 lng J ....... .1!111. n 190 J01c tor a o t w o wro o y d b en jll 8 ck and b t d 1n1'luen Y t did not o 14 r an " san poet1'7 Yet tor latter d p rtul v1ot1 Ill' t 1. Jt. A 2 .. s. 4. s. 6. '1. a. pol1 1 al 0 10 -oter a Poeta, 24. hta 4o o the Ro al e J&nU&J7' o1a A t -ng, Irian .;;..P.;.;,.;._14:;:;;;::.:.,, and 8 ot Ita P t 121. nu, !h Iriah pp. 99-lO:S. PP '76-78.

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THE BALTIMORE STATIONERY CO. 115-117 EAS'f LOMaARD STREIT EDWIN H STREB L!XUMITOII 45 Lu I?J :> tv 1 N I \ VO"\. i; "h-I lf it's for th Office ---We have it

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T lea On "Sib Pia 1 and "Twen y Gol.& n Year Alter" tor apeo1al praiae alt ugh 414 not include the 1: at n d 1n 1 b1a nt olo gy ot Ir1 h r eata l!k d an auto io raphic 1 Poe qu p eleaa One," p ioularlya T 11 how thia To hard with saw things t For ewn death. Cur1ou ly enough, Y t 4 be n r 111ar wl h p 1nc bOJho e lanoe b t and y t he d o te o t Iriah d t r1oan p leas On Ye t wr I who a ono will neYer ror t 1t will ata7 with long lon t d, wrlt1n ot atr1 1ng me t ot "'1' p got t et rnlty ot painful t d. olareda g ot ......... "" ...,. ...._.,._,vl1' Y ata c n wr be po 1 r 1 DaY11, tor 1n olear ter th t ht ot no l atartle ua by y1n b ut1tul th1n He d a not eay loo t "10 el1' 1n t 'Look at -I a ao 1tran ao exotic, a toll Frederic J 0 t 1 e. s. 6 6 7 r, art1o by gan Oa 7 (teo). roh 12, 188'7

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50 oonol d d w1 h p o1atlan 1 at rln-and Charle w lte R 11 018ba t 'fi en Ir1 1n 11 tl el ban 3 h1 but perbap lt 1 ot too tar-te o det t a t ot r1eh anti co at a o ta " pleaau-r crown, .! .. o pat no io, a Rolle a ton po1nt d out la ohS.fl7 bee ua of rial ot 511" John oo 1 ton oe4 do_ rl 0 ay 7 18871 7 olt, .2.2 cit., P 5'73

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o trl to to Irl 11' o tar aa co ri utor to t 0 0 I'll d, 1 1 b ot t 1n th t e o r rka tbe n r Kat r T .s. y: t 11'1 1 1 dl 1n t1o will now be 0 b Pat pp Ina I d ybl t and Bl n o tea aon Piatt (w o oo Short r, Kat r1n T 1 t 2 d., -2.-.... 3 J, 5. e D t d. r o tr1bu or 0 t ion the to. r. ol gieaU,-# t tlr t 1 ._,._, p udonym oa Wl'ltt n ot r a idle ) rly 1n 1887 wben "Uno le Be t!ret 8 tr at t t t Jo d h1a dau t r r a a "Uncl Re a") 1 Dora S1 r on d 1ll1a tler Y ats, who pra1 4 Ja 1, 188'7, vol. 2, p 4-2'7.

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1n Boeton t BOJl ot r to t; t et' t n ot la Con 1nu1n Unole olle an exqu1 1 In vi 1nco 1 0 c 1 1 yb pointed gh'. 1n r1e Jo J r Rua l l' 800 t t te as e to rt 1lu h e once 1 t ... rioa 0 1th indU 2 ohronol g1Delly t t 1t1al appe nne ot w r p d t 01 .. enola, 1ontl"' t that Rollea o bout thi la 4 alt 1 t a note of alt proa 1 in t p 1 t1 olle tc:D' at rp1 o d b7. p 6 "Y: at t a ?ariou aap t or t '1 at ph8 began by v l' tlle Oeor 81 reon bo to teach J 1 5. s JOfOe b1ol at Un1 ra1 7 Col g P g. t or t Air. Ir1a ary 6, 188'1, 5, 3

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1 a let .... In la ot ta a publ1e "Lib y" brte. r au Jlu 0' ll N B Y ata 1D. '1. a 9 10. 188 la 9 11 d ._ 'r'l 188'1 t f"U t al't1ol! be r 2 h O' ppe. 1 4 1 1 curion 0 ot 1 d An o o1bh1n Ao1b .. (Dougl aetnrJer Q to pro-anot r in J lJ 5 1 0 t 8 an Vi Yeats 7 be not noi t r1t 1 as rtri u p 66. Vlldn St, Col 188'7; p A Dft D m n hall 4 d o ()nclu t rial b7 l T Int ter 1rd to it uno 4 10 14 0 t J ly 2; lde,

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t1on inc t r 1nn 18821 ll.y, but 1t d with Dublin b1t1an of r

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ra1 third, 1n t t rm to bit er ot l l pay t a o gage. B George oo 1n ][ land n 4 cr1be aa r the o t ironic o 1t1 1 at1o _l1at wrl t n," 1 t 1t b en :unt ary r1bu 00 pe t r a er }art ot this w1nt r t h1 anoe t l A r ault t u .. t t 1 to ul av t Gl dst ' a rar y, t. rhap with c t landlord 9 tor la 0 d t.ha o r a ta her, oo dU'ficlll with a t t d -p putat o t h 4 bJ' tb local ca a Ball, and 1n tru t d h 1n the gr1 vanoe ot the s 4,_ 7 s. 9. 1o. 2, PP 189-191 d potation PP 8 r n, pp. 25'd .. 251.

PAGE 240

56 n d or1 ed a xo llent jou du.oe Zola 1n 9, t antipathy to ot 0 ina r od 1th1Gh . 1 e rt d by t 0 lt1o hl ot t 14 gi h1 e e 1 ta 1 00 r tu d to land. s c ., h covere ok . po J h t ot o ... _ 1n e a _ins t Y at s ..... chi tl:y' t th Iruh --t r IV1n d thor ot dot 0 u t 0 4 er1 d the oont n o Dou.glaa H de 4, h w nt o t r to th otbexo ext 5 " tt d o a p tr1ot1o written lt and 8 bb . In to o l l P m ll a 1886 to rlt a t tS.On a r1bu t to P rn 1 ich part1oularly h -ho 1nv lnn ary d on vo 1 H a. o l 1 P S9 3 1 1, P 338 5

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457 "1 7 onol call7 An T 1but to arnell 1r t 1n ol t -rtbut to b v un ry ... p r o o ta1r a a p ol1 1a1t Paftlj 1 Ir1 Ir1 h P rl1 tali'Y Pa ab t 1n th pa roy-al v1a1tor oe1 d 1n and other inho P t bl d ice a d '1' .D Dubl Oorpo1'8t1on to abstain trom taking 1 oon d d oe 1ll1a th b 111 n p r d d t The "Union t ta" Voluntary r1but to Prnell c but S.h y 0 period 18 to 18 b oonaide d olunt It w mown th u 1 .l p lud to t h 1 "U 1on rt c in e nta in 18 th. t l a I t oldb not e Go rl1 nt 1 0 otl att .. which .toll t1 t po r1lys r t t ro7 1 1 it to I land o gh the oonn1 vano ot lp t Par 111t .ta e d r-

PAGE 242

T e n e pop rtty rnl Variou Parl 3 t i 4 8 Ire dt gb. Oh1l4 r d J b 7 ot p ot brought ....... ._e:, ... to t question Pam 11' .. t P rl1a re ult d with oth C rv h1 st ott r a ault 1n1atr b ey 1, ec H 1 8 t to wo th B Rul 111, th pr c1ple or 1 h t eatablio"-UU_ .. Iri h P rl1 nt and Irlah 6 Exeout1 nt ot Ir1 atta1re .. On JUn '1, 1880, t h 111 j 1n tu ll House by M3 to S 13 vot . 2J ct. O 'Bri n,

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1 :ult G d to re 1 -. Y pr 1 d to Rul er t i t l t a hi y ,.. r 0 the 41 a t r. t Ola t p 11 t ao t 1 ndl.)t t 00 .. 11 lo l d I t union art During Olad t_one t a b t pe1'1oc1 1n ott1o Lo Lo u I 4 J Lord and X. y. le Dublin att r G -t D. Sull. 1 ., -hoLor en-, 4 a P oh 1n w h1oh be exp hi te. T a1gn1t1c o ot tb1 oan ly greaped bJ' reoolL o lng t t a y e rlier Sull.lnn bad oppoeed d onatrat ion_ altJ n t oooa ion t v1e1t ot tba Pl':t.ne So tar t t p Unio 0 pa1gn and co 4, 1n o I lend. o ono med, -., 1 ortant noted. Pl.t a rta y tablliJlJ118nt ot a H Rul phl t r ln land, be s ey1 oth r 11\e r the rn e t "union ot a. Oeor 1th p rt1 1 _oau e gg ted to trr7 o t '1'1 n t 11eh publio on Ir1 h a 1 tim

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5. a. '1. a 60 lnirl 4 ho ot a pa -a c ot t p 266, o1.2.

PAGE 245

61 T Pl path tio to Sea Blun_ t1o d 1-n onn ct ion wit t pamphlet will r an 1ntr to ot, r Engl1ah ltt rr o waa aft ot 4 b t Unicm ot Aocol'd1 to h1 fir t be st nd1 h J. o yan Randolph Ohurohlll' II Glad too t ., h1 R Oathol1oi told of hi arreat d 0 6 _lunt 0 lr h p rty 1n 1882 or. g oo d to I.e>_ oorata" 1nt 1r ppo tlon to t r1n '17nana 1lbo d Blunt tor 11. tor h1 YDW tb7 or Me 8 J>iaonment 1n Galway Jail 1n 1886. In ol. 1. P 127. 1. 2. ..,......,...... !!! !,U, 1 h Jat1onal Leagu 6 6 7. a. ....................................... 14 h

PAGE 246

Blun 4 sor1 d h1a ex, no s in land prior to 1888 k ot r Js t t tbat or t world The atart1ng ot a H tal na a a oand ort o1d d to quit the C lt1c qua l"a Rul w paper in t Br1 lah cap1-r ault ot t Union ot Heart ln 1888 P. ooonnor, who w a a Pa 111t 'b r ot Parl1 nt, a-tablla 4 Tbe Star. In ll1 ooo or clar d t t the paper e launched becau the "oau ot H e w1 thout any ad ocate 1n the 1ng p 8 ot Lond '! wppr a tin o 1n17 b Liberal J a 1ltr1d s wen Bl a m the 3 board ot direotora until r elgned Ootober, 1889. O'C or 1J 1nt t d 1n otber thing a 11 as H R l ot couraea I wa an xt dlcal, nd I d vot d my pen and t which I had brought into b 1ng a oat a oh tot cal a tot Ir1 0 u At lea t o r gular ontr1bu tor to !.!!!. s t1on. To be editorial at oOconor appolnt A.B. Walkley and 01 nt Shor r and Ge 1. w.s. 2. 3 e. s.w. w pa r 1t1 h Rad11n e vol. 2 ,p.2M.

PAGE 247

Shaw' con ton ho 1le to t 1 L1be la Soc1allat or aa g atl7 o e no 1t t1 1n ent1t7 Geor to S1dn y bb o right to re-m tr te wt h bb' un .xpeot d reply that too, s a a 002al t. o pre n 8 w tr alrin b1a pol1t1o 1 op1n1on 1n !!!!!, St r, at aing In th1 p 1tlon lnt& Int 1n t dent or oplni ' ggeat1 oo or r the Como dl l'k1ng _-ot t 6 1878 and t tor t t o Oaanor ttbe to Iria d 6 4 ben a s 1gnlt1omoe ot tbe a1ng exprea ed 1n 7 1 not been nt1r ly or1g1 1. On t ol Sba' _lat1on 1f1th ooonnor aee o bA n o o-rc11al 1 1n tr-1n plt of taot ttwt b1a ftled1ot1t 1. 2. 3. 5. 6. a. pap r tot knew nobh!.ng ab :ut pol1ti a on told t ter p. 613.

PAGE 248

T a 1 1 I n r1 t 0 rt te to am 11 4Ul"1n t ot l8 to 1 1889 ly 1: t t1o and h :re t: b -be Oc:n t1nt to 414-t I 1 In 186'7., a rl or artiolea appea d an 3'11fl1Uly 1n t It 1 d to pa a pe tual Ooe ion tor Ire tn aroh ot t "'are d1atel,. apeot 4 a to1ft'geey and pera ded 0 OO'U8 P ototi At P1 ta. guilt t 10 wr t toJ: l1belt 1 s. 3 ... 5. -lend li tt o he Lea lt., ol. 1, PP 270-27 on e per-om 4 to prOT 14 Pigott br:t.ng a littgatlon wn1ch d to arou b nter. ex--. J., wbo pre ........,_., 1nd1ot nt of the

PAGE 249

' 1 0 8 nd 41n ly, 1 A 1 2 elusion t l to diet b8 Ir1 h 1n In 1e ot tact tba 3 it nc b7 1o 1 vlt , 1 t t 8). Pa luot to e t b t t b1a lat1o wt h o ould exp 4 b t t r, but In n 1 h18 n a1 no to ta tore who wro 1 s. p 11, 1n o ha lUg1ble. r 1 4 Pas-n.1la relucta o o h1a de or p as. 1

PAGE 250

lt t c into 1 Parli te 0 OOWl 1t 3 '1. .& p oun-r bit 11 oa 1 ot to ., t ltJi d olnqulre 0 an 2 c1alo 1 0 It en noe. t 0 on 1o :truh U' v 1b WI -t ua I 0 t .ot Pam U'l 1, r alla er, I '1 ot tbe ial 1 t t 14 1 p with o s PP a o.,-soa. 'l!'f A q u1th, end a uith. .-.;r..iiiiiiiioiiii;,;;;;;;;;;;e-....,. 14th e4. ol. 16, p 990.

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1a, 18. t el e lhli. a1on. 1 0 on 1o. 1886, P1 ott p k t o tar dtt1t tN nt I e ent to 4 t 1 I; o:pul r 1 J II 1 1 b o nian 1 ' -h p to to :r a eo r1 ll b1a 01' Y to t rJ. I" 1

PAGE 252

D14 I wlt 0 00 ta trial it 1 D l 0 b b t -o Pa 11 wbloh w 14 o it ra 1 1 1 peo it p t trial P. 0111. o fA.,_,_, fQ 2 a "your t 1 d o 11 41th' a d, J D 1 or, cU.ao 4 hie cuato 6 one ot t r !t oocup 4 no lS..t, 3 r tl lla .............. ..,. P o clt P X c 193-184 b co p rtS.Cularly

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9 Rudyard 1pling w ot but p1t ot the "P... .a.a-.. he forged aak&d wby o t aop lied, 'It t H cus ot 1n ol *1"1 tr1-" 'Ol 1'1 0 , 1n hioh p 71

PAGE 254

InO te 4r70 ... e 1q 1 rw t hU t1 p blio ion a tea wMoh 1n d by h1a o t1 t1 Ot t 0 t t I.B. * t1 0 1& t1on w hw 11 tl 41 cuss a1one ot aoolat1on, be 11 A hle 1o A la ion n4 Sool t7. puJp ot h Pol1t1cal Pr1eonezt t ty oc1 ... t1on d1-t; 11' e Ir t tor 1 o1 rtu 1th Jo O'Ie rr the t t 1lar or ct. b t tl 1 th 0' Jo d chapte It obJ d 1n t 1 ao r y be d 111 1 De lt Aft 1' urn t d attraot d Y .. .Oh o Par th 1 0 1nt reet 4 ott h ot tbe r 1n 1886 .-w.o-1 Rol ton to 1 1 4 soo ety 1 1ne 1nte _.at C 1 1c R t o ua ot 1ta r1al.a o h-1ah ro 1n l1bran a aua

PAGE 255

roo I u 8 ha rea a Iriah 1 1 ancl 1n t Ti a t t 0 ot ite o elo tot F ns..na. wh1o ret par'ary 0 lub p h pr 4 t o be non ol1 1. ppo 0 le blln Un1on1 t t lta obl t, 0 baa b y d at n ot por ey Club t p .... a on, oul ,. n t ther, 1 DeY1tt1 1,. or 4 Jo o n el soo t'1 0 t a wlth a h t1 1 D r r, S1 r)' R u b 11ahe t 4. t n I dSo-oS.. 1 1 t t ell' J-1 to r r- t II 0 Jo O 7!'1 and 8 I 1 I 4 by (hr)'Dn p 0 0 ion 0 1 1o ai oe. The ,.. 1o n to it a t 1nb a 1nt dedi-ca o 1) Jabn o Leary and al o o a1n d the "Deeth t ot Jolm ot bJ Dou

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1cal lta 1' I o r1b 0 t bun er, Ot r. wr1 ra, Soc p b7 nlng t tal tion or 0 tr1 o 1 c ool OP who ly lin with t p ra Ro w.B. y add tbe ot 0 flunk tt t a a and Jo ta t t t p r1 1 1 a 1n1t1al b t 1t: t1o to p 11n 1888 \'ey g.Sn n4 no ot 1ne t 1n Irltlh talr7 1n v1v 1 1 h 1 it p e1gn1t1c t a per1oot t rna 1n 4 tbat 1t f1 la t t t I 1888 p to tu.r T 1e 0 t r Ir h rena1to T reflected 1n a p 1o r orl nta-

PAGE 257

4'7S bu. in rpr1 lit t e, d p r1: icularly 4. be at t 1n p Unit d a t e IPiah lett ra. t1r wo ot1 W t'e p&III!J 4 OT r qulo 1J' Tbi 1n t Itt 1 d t 0 1n the t1ot1 h1 to publ1a. a ot f tl Of la I land d t ni n: ot 4. entitled 99 '4 be 1n e 1n lt a -out ct. nt1tl ............... dup 1n t1guJI8a pr-WA"''" Uat ed State rlo b1 t ll.te ture both nat1v rlo n. In pit of t tact tba nor d thor bo ae4 the Irlah la g -tbe 1nt t in Ir1ah 1 t r which it 41apl was re aed aa ot tbe ut o t otbe 0 1t1o na1a In order o p t th1a 1nt t 1n IrS.h letter 1n a o ar a to poaa1ble, t a bJ t was ccna1d t1r tro t 0 t ot o on rt lone en4 then ot contributors to t=be t. o1nt o rlbutlona, a aerlea ot artlole nt 1 led I P tu ln 188 an4 Ir ..................................... 9! .;;;;;;;..;; ....... .......,;;.;;;;-.;;ioM.W 1n l8W/ ... nt Davia, v1 to vlve 1n an erp h let r r d 1 obj tiv r1 0 art1ol.e by Y t about r 01 tollow d 1ntro4uc-tion to t earl! r a r a, whl.eh w a 1n

PAGE 258

ta opinion P rgua a a olal rtt wae that r um4 o 1 1 a t1o t1qu1 7 tor 1nep1 t1on. Gerald 07Ut1n, moi.J t U elf' o po p 1o 1 41 ts.a Sn t "lrleh ct C 1 1 t .. lln T n preo 1a lou ot Tbo DIIYle by l r 17 w1 h who rte t Att bwt two po prop Jl't1ol p t 0 1c l El article a nd Ro rt Dwf r J OJO. oLe'7 4 1n it abe like ber brother, X too tol' "bla y t be author ot t .., m. like er -n, returnect t -Oeltlo _nt1qu1 :y tor ot oll 1 y .,., T Wl' bout NJD v ... ho a lao -tuned to 1 or1 period t 1n 1n1 la 1111 11'1 b It ,.. r1ea 00 cl de wit ., em R1o D'alt d Jo o e11 7 Wh10h 88'7 auoce Poet a wlth 1 b'f Kat 1 Ta 1oua lat U.o ot oOUJir7, .. n,. Wale 81 .. -ly ot R.D. :r I 0 r lok 0 ra. .. ,.. by Rolle r1n1 t7 Oo.l I .. Joa ph She 1 p r the 0 t at1 11 tlc rae. Then Y t .. J 0 n n 1nd t fa tbat 1n 00)"8 oo.ked l'eat tor h1a 'Y 1"1

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t te 1.t Wolte In oz. o r oon J n 1n lrJ. 1 l t1 .. t 0 an ono :t..n 4 t d 7 PI! lor ot 0 676 t at 1 b t l o 1 1'P. tltl -0 '1 1 ( n dU (lAo), h Dav1 1 1 earlJ l 1 or t amell po

PAGE 260

d t visit ot tbe Prine Pr1noeaa Wal a to Ireland 1n 1885 w n 1886 and 1889 t 0 tribu e Y 0 T print! ot a r orged doo nt byt not olunta t 1but blt 1t 1 rtul 11 db 1r eo p otabl a t wou r1 1 tion 1n a va1n att t to obe tr1 rre 0 he a-cell :tially a coal1t1 ot Gl 4aton1t L1 ral with Pam U1 e to a ot B reveal a new epartu Sw1nbu 'f a t o r t undoubt 'ly __ .... 1 a relat1 ona with Irelan 'l'o 1:1pl1ng in d ta1tbtul to t tJOadit ion ora re41. in Aaq t rald d a Prou4 J but Glad8tone, or ley lunt, 01 ment Shorter, era ln th1a tbey ab17 a t db oh Irt oc or, G B s w, ly, De itt, d u ell to t 1 or t t be "Unio tll to Parn na tall, He a" b 111. 1t be 11 0 l'-.. ert 1n rt1c1al .. ae c tot Depar re. oth re t o an axJ. at on en ot whloh n the Ir1 h arlla nt Pert7. Both t U 1 on ot r pa 1n t her th 1n att p to pr ote r tor 1n the own r hip t A.n4 both 1 d d t a ntial d1tt 111 xt, and au co d 1ng cbapt ra. It y be noted 1n 0 1 ot r Irish t r t Un1te4

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State 4 prepar d th way, A r1can had pr c 4 Eng11 h a ymp thy and r1can journalist d pr eel 11 h journal1 t