SS murder camp uncovered


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Citation
SS murder camp uncovered

Material Information

Title:
SS murder camp uncovered
Creator:
United States. Army. Signal Corps
Publication Date:
Language:
English

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
World War, 1939-1945 -- Photographs ( lcsh )
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945) -- Photographs ( lcsh )
Holocaust victims -- Photographs ( lcsh )
Concentration camps -- Photographs ( lcsh )

Notes

Abstract:
Caption on back of photograph reads: "SS MURDER CAMP UNCOVERED. The swift advance of the Third U.S. Army's famous Forth Armored Division uncovered the horror of a Nazi SS murder camp at Ohdruf, entered April 4, 1945, after the fall of Gotha, eight miles to the north. American soldiers who seized the camp found the courtyard littered with the bodies of Czechoslovakian, Russian, Belgian and French slave laborers, slain because they were too weak to be evacuated. In a shed, they found a stack of 44 naked and lime-covered bodies. According to survivors, 3,000 to 4,000 prisoners had been killed by SS troops, 79 being slain just before the Americans reached the camp. The 80 survivors had escaped death or removal by hiding the in the weeds. They reported that an average of 150 died daily, mainly from shooting or clubbing. The Nazi system was to feed prisoners a crust of bread a day, work them on tunnelling [sic] until they were too weak to continue, then exterminate them and replace them with another 150 prisoners daily. Led by Colonel Hayden Sears of the Fourth Armored Division, prominent German citizens of the town of Ohrdruf saw with their own eyes the horrors of SS brutality during a conducted tour of the Ohrdruf charnel house April 8, 1945. As they stood over the slain prisoners, Colonel Sears said: 'This is why Americans cannot be your friends...' The enforced tour of the Germans ended with a visit to a wood where 10 bodies lay on a grill, made of railway lines, ready for cremation. Colonel Sears asked a uniformed German medical officer: 'Does this meet with your conception of the German master race?' The officer faltered and at last answered: 'I cannot believe that Germans did this.' THIS PHOTO SHOWS: These prisoners were too ill from lack of food and unsanitary conditions to move when the Fourth Armored Division approached the Ohrdruf camp, so the Germans shot them and left them."
General Note:
"BIPPA. EA 61491. U.S. Signal Corps Photo ETO-HQ-45-30885. SERVICED BY LONDON OWI TO LIST B. CERTIFIED [portion of photo damaged] CENSOR."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of South Florida Library
Holding Location:
University of South Florida
Rights Management:
This item may be protected by copyright, and is made available here for research and educational purposes. The user is responsible for making a final determination of copyright status. If copyright protection applies, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder to reuse, publish, or reproduce the object beyond the bounds of Fair Use or other exemptions to the law.
Resource Identifier:
N08-00205 ( USFLDC DOI )
n8.205 ( USFLDC Handle )

Postcard Information

Format:
Photograph

Full Text
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subfield code a N08-00205
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United States. Army. Signal Corps.
0 245
SS murder camp uncovered.
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c [1945?]
500
Caption title.
"BIPPA. EA 61491. U.S. Signal Corps Photo ETO-HQ-45-30885. SERVICED BY LONDON OWI TO LIST B. CERTIFIED [portion of photo damaged] CENSOR."
3 520
Caption on back of photograph reads: "SS MURDER CAMP UNCOVERED. The swift advance of the Third U.S. Army's famous Forth Armored Division uncovered the horror of a Nazi SS murder camp at Ohdruf, entered April 4, 1945, after the fall of Gotha, eight miles to the north. American soldiers who seized the camp found the courtyard littered with the bodies of Czechoslovakian, Russian, Belgian and French slave laborers, slain because they were too weak to be evacuated. In a shed, they found a stack of 44 naked and lime-covered bodies. According to survivors, 3,000 to 4,000 prisoners had been killed by SS troops, 79 being slain just before the Americans reached the camp. The 80 survivors had escaped death or removal by hiding the in the weeds. They reported that an average of 150 died daily, mainly from shooting or clubbing. The Nazi system was to feed prisoners a crust of bread a day, work them on tunnelling [sic] until they were too weak to continue, then exterminate them and replace them with another 150 prisoners daily. Led by Colonel Hayden Sears of the Fourth Armored Division, prominent German citizens of the town of Ohrdruf saw with their own eyes the horrors of SS brutality during a conducted tour of the Ohrdruf charnel house April 8, 1945. As they stood over the slain prisoners, Colonel Sears said: 'This is why Americans cannot be your friends...' The enforced tour of the Germans ended with a visit to a wood where 10 bodies lay on a grill, made of railway lines, ready for cremation. Colonel Sears asked a uniformed German medical officer: 'Does this meet with your conception of the German master race?' The officer faltered and at last answered: 'I cannot believe that Germans did this.' THIS PHOTO SHOWS: These prisoners were too ill from lack of food and unsanitary conditions to move when the Fourth Armored Division approached the Ohrdruf camp, so the Germans shot them and left them."
540
The University of South Florida Libraries provide access to this item to support research, scholarship, and teaching. The Libraries do not hold copyright for this image and can neither grant nor deny permission to publish.
650
World War, 1939-1945
v Photographs.
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
Photographs.
Holocaust victims
Photographs.
Concentration camps
Photographs.
773
t Photographs of the Nazi war crimes trials, 1945-1946
4 856
u http://digital.lib.usf.edu/?n8.205


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